Removal of an endotracheal tube from the patient.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of any part of the LARYNX, commonly associated with laryngeal injuries and allergic reactions.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from:
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.

Risk factors and outcomes after unplanned extubations on the ICU: a case-control study. (1/49)


Unplanned extubation in the ICU: a marker of quality assurance of mechanical ventilation. (2/49)


Adaptive support ventilation for faster weaning in COPD: a randomised controlled trial. (3/49)


Endotracheal tube extubation force: adhesive tape versus endotracheal tube holder. (4/49)


Are guidelines for non-invasive ventilation during weaning still valid? (5/49)

Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has gained increasing acceptance over the years to reduce endotracheal intubation, pneumonia and to prevent or treat respiratory failure in patients with different diagnoses. The international consensus conference, and the British society guidelines on NIV ventilation have analyzed its use during the weaning phase concluding that there were still conflicting results of its use. However, recent clinical trials have shown clear clinical benefits on the use of NIV in several patient populations during the weaning period. Acute respiratory failure (ARF) during the weaning process is the main object of recently published studies. The latest published randomized trials on the application of NIV for acute respiratory failure following extubation failed to demonstrate any favorable outcome. Even so, the use of NIV during the process of weaning in patients experiencing multiple weaning failure or as a preventive therapy in patients at higher risk of respiratory deterioration showed improved clinical outcomes only in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and in particular in hypercapnic patients. Reduced invasive mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy and lower mortality rate at 90 days were the major advantages.  (+info)

Postextubation dysphagia is persistent and associated with poor outcomes in survivors of critical illness. (6/49)


Bioresorbable distraction device for the treatment of airway problems for infants with Robin sequence. (7/49)


Implications of extubation failure and prolonged mechanical ventilation in the postoperative period following elective intracranial surgery. (8/49)


Airway extubation is a medical procedure in which an endotracheal tube is removed from a patient's airway. The endotracheal tube is typically inserted during intubation, which is performed to maintain a secure airway and ensure proper ventilation and oxygenation of the lungs during surgery or other medical procedures.

Extubation is usually done when the patient is able to breathe on their own and no longer requires mechanical ventilation. The procedure involves carefully removing the tube while ensuring that the patient's airway remains open and protected. This may involve suctioning secretions from the airway, providing oxygen supplementation, and monitoring the patient's vital signs closely.

Extubation can be a routine procedure in some cases, but it can also carry risks such as respiratory distress, laryngospasm, or aspiration of stomach contents into the lungs. As such, it is typically performed by trained medical professionals in a controlled setting, with appropriate monitoring and equipment available to manage any potential complications.

Ventilator weaning is the process of gradually reducing the amount of support provided by a mechanical ventilator to a patient, with the ultimate goal of completely withdrawing the mechanical assistance and allowing the patient to breathe independently. This process is typically initiated when the patient's underlying medical condition has improved to the point where they are able to sustain their own respiratory efforts.

The weaning process may involve reducing the frequency and duration of ventilator breaths, decreasing the amount of oxygen supplied by the ventilator, or adjusting the settings of the ventilator to encourage the patient to take more frequent and deeper breaths on their own. The rate at which weaning is attempted will depend on the individual patient's condition and overall progress.

Close monitoring of the patient's respiratory status, oxygenation, and work of breathing is essential during the weaning process to ensure that the patient is able to tolerate the decreased level of support and to identify any potential complications that may arise. Effective communication between the healthcare team and the patient is also important to provide education, set expectations, and address any concerns or questions that may arise during the weaning process.

Intubation, intratracheal is a medical procedure in which a flexible plastic or rubber tube called an endotracheal tube (ETT) is inserted through the mouth or nose, passing through the vocal cords and into the trachea (windpipe). This procedure is performed to establish and maintain a patent airway, allowing for the delivery of oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide during mechanical ventilation in various clinical scenarios, such as:

1. Respiratory failure or arrest
2. Procedural sedation
3. Surgery under general anesthesia
4. Neuromuscular disorders
5. Ingestion of toxic substances
6. Head and neck trauma
7. Critical illness or injury affecting the airway

The process of intubation is typically performed by trained medical professionals, such as anesthesiologists, emergency medicine physicians, or critical care specialists, using direct laryngoscopy or video laryngoscopy to visualize the vocal cords and guide the ETT into the correct position. Once placed, the ETT is secured to prevent dislodgement, and the patient's respiratory status is continuously monitored to ensure proper ventilation and oxygenation.

Airway obstruction is a medical condition that occurs when the normal flow of air into and out of the lungs is partially or completely blocked. This blockage can be caused by a variety of factors, including swelling of the tissues in the airway, the presence of foreign objects or substances, or abnormal growths such as tumors.

When the airway becomes obstructed, it can make it difficult for a person to breathe normally. They may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. In severe cases, airway obstruction can lead to respiratory failure and other life-threatening complications.

There are several types of airway obstruction, including:

1. Upper airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the upper part of the airway, such as the nose, throat, or voice box.
2. Lower airway obstruction: This occurs when the blockage is located in the lower part of the airway, such as the trachea or bronchi.
3. Partial airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is partially blocked, allowing some air to flow in and out of the lungs.
4. Complete airway obstruction: This occurs when the airway is completely blocked, preventing any air from flowing into or out of the lungs.

Treatment for airway obstruction depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, removing the obstruction may be as simple as clearing the airway of foreign objects or mucus. In other cases, more invasive treatments such as surgery may be necessary.

Airway remodeling is a term used to describe the structural changes that occur in the airways as a result of chronic inflammation in respiratory diseases such as asthma. These changes include thickening of the airway wall, increased smooth muscle mass, and abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix components. These alterations can lead to narrowing of the airways, decreased lung function, and increased severity of symptoms. Airway remodeling is thought to be a major contributor to the persistent airflow obstruction that is characteristic of severe asthma.

Laryngeal edema is a medical condition characterized by the swelling of the tissues in the larynx or voice box. The larynx, which contains the vocal cords, plays a crucial role in protecting the airways, regulating ventilation, and enabling speech and swallowing. Laryngeal edema can result from various causes, such as allergic reactions, infections, irritants, trauma, or underlying medical conditions like angioedema or autoimmune disorders.

The swelling of the laryngeal tissues can lead to narrowing of the airways, causing symptoms like difficulty breathing, noisy breathing (stridor), coughing, and hoarseness. In severe cases, laryngeal edema may obstruct the airway, leading to respiratory distress or even suffocation. Immediate medical attention is necessary for individuals experiencing these symptoms to ensure proper diagnosis and timely intervention. Treatment options typically include medications like corticosteroids, antihistamines, or epinephrine to reduce swelling and alleviate airway obstruction.

"Device Removal" in a medical context generally refers to the surgical or nonsurgical removal of a medical device that has been previously implanted in a patient's body. The purpose of removing the device may vary, depending on the individual case. Some common reasons for device removal include infection, malfunction, rejection, or when the device is no longer needed.

Examples of medical devices that may require removal include pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), artificial joints, orthopedic hardware, breast implants, cochlear implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). The procedure for device removal will depend on the type of device, its location in the body, and the reason for its removal.

It is important to note that device removal carries certain risks, such as bleeding, infection, damage to surrounding tissues, or complications related to anesthesia. Therefore, the decision to remove a medical device should be made carefully, considering both the potential benefits and risks of the procedure.

Airway resistance is a measure of the opposition to airflow during breathing, which is caused by the friction between the air and the walls of the respiratory tract. It is an important parameter in respiratory physiology because it can affect the work of breathing and gas exchange.

Airway resistance is usually expressed in units of cm H2O/L/s or Pa·s/m, and it can be measured during spontaneous breathing or during forced expiratory maneuvers, such as those used in pulmonary function testing. Increased airway resistance can result from a variety of conditions, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. Decreased airway resistance can be seen in conditions such as emphysema or after a successful bronchodilator treatment.

Artificial respiration is an emergency procedure that can be used to provide oxygen to a person who is not breathing or is breathing inadequately. It involves manually forcing air into the lungs, either by compressing the chest or using a device to deliver breaths. The goal of artificial respiration is to maintain adequate oxygenation of the body's tissues and organs until the person can breathe on their own or until advanced medical care arrives. Artificial respiration may be used in conjunction with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in cases of cardiac arrest.

The anesthesia recovery period, also known as the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU) or recovery room stay, is the time immediately following anesthesia and surgery during which a patient's vital signs are closely monitored as they emerge from the effects of anesthesia.

During this period, the patient is typically observed for adequate ventilation, oxygenation, circulation, level of consciousness, pain control, and any potential complications. The length of stay in the recovery room can vary depending on the type of surgery, the anesthetic used, and the individual patient's needs.

The anesthesia recovery period is a critical time for ensuring patient safety and comfort as they transition from the surgical setting to full recovery. Nurses and other healthcare providers in the recovery room are specially trained to monitor and manage patients during this vulnerable period.

Respiratory insufficiency is a condition characterized by the inability of the respiratory system to maintain adequate gas exchange, resulting in an inadequate supply of oxygen and/or removal of carbon dioxide from the body. This can occur due to various causes, such as lung diseases (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia), neuromuscular disorders (e.g., muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury), or other medical conditions that affect breathing mechanics and/or gas exchange.

Respiratory insufficiency can manifest as hypoxemia (low oxygen levels in the blood) and/or hypercapnia (high carbon dioxide levels in the blood). Symptoms of respiratory insufficiency may include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, fatigue, confusion, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness or even death. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition and may include oxygen therapy, mechanical ventilation, medications, and/or other supportive measures.

A tracheostomy is a surgically created opening through the neck into the trachea (windpipe). It is performed to provide an airway in cases where the upper airway is obstructed or access to the lower airway is required, such as in prolonged intubation, severe trauma, or chronic lung diseases. The procedure involves making an incision in the front of the neck and creating a direct opening into the trachea, through which a tracheostomy tube is inserted to maintain the patency of the airway. This allows for direct ventilation of the lungs, suctioning of secretions, and prevention of complications associated with upper airway obstruction.

General anesthesia is a state of controlled unconsciousness, induced by administering various medications, that eliminates awareness, movement, and pain sensation during medical procedures. It involves the use of a combination of intravenous and inhaled drugs to produce a reversible loss of consciousness, allowing patients to undergo surgical or diagnostic interventions safely and comfortably. The depth and duration of anesthesia are carefully monitored and adjusted throughout the procedure by an anesthesiologist or certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) to ensure patient safety and optimize recovery. General anesthesia is typically used for more extensive surgical procedures, such as open-heart surgery, major orthopedic surgeries, and neurosurgery.

"Bronchi" are a pair of airways in the respiratory system that branch off from the trachea (windpipe) and lead to the lungs. They are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich air to the lungs and removing carbon dioxide during exhalation. The right bronchus is slightly larger and more vertical than the left, and they further divide into smaller branches called bronchioles within the lungs. Any abnormalities or diseases affecting the bronchi can impact lung function and overall respiratory health.

The Respiratory System is a complex network of organs and tissues that work together to facilitate the process of breathing, which involves the intake of oxygen and the elimination of carbon dioxide. This system primarily includes the nose, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, bronchioles, lungs, and diaphragm.

The nostrils or mouth take in air that travels through the pharynx, larynx, and trachea into the lungs. Within the lungs, the trachea divides into two bronchi, one for each lung, which further divide into smaller tubes called bronchioles. At the end of these bronchioles are tiny air sacs known as alveoli where the exchange of gases occurs. Oxygen from the inhaled air diffuses through the walls of the alveoli into the bloodstream, while carbon dioxide, a waste product, moves from the blood to the alveoli and is exhaled out of the body.

The diaphragm, a large muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen, plays a crucial role in breathing by contracting and relaxing to change the volume of the chest cavity, thereby allowing air to flow in and out of the lungs. Overall, the Respiratory System is essential for maintaining life by providing the body's cells with the oxygen needed for metabolism and removing waste products like carbon dioxide.

Positive-pressure respiration is a type of mechanical ventilation where positive pressure is applied to the airway and lungs, causing them to expand and inflate. This can be used to support or replace spontaneous breathing in patients who are unable to breathe effectively on their own due to conditions such as respiratory failure, neuromuscular disorders, or sedation for surgery.

During positive-pressure ventilation, a mechanical ventilator delivers breaths to the patient through an endotracheal tube or a tracheostomy tube. The ventilator is set to deliver a specific volume or pressure of air with each breath, and the patient's breathing is synchronized with the ventilator to ensure proper delivery of the breaths.

Positive-pressure ventilation can help improve oxygenation and remove carbon dioxide from the lungs, but it can also have potential complications such as barotrauma (injury to lung tissue due to excessive pressure), volutrauma (injury due to overdistention of the lungs), hemodynamic compromise (decreased blood pressure and cardiac output), and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Therefore, careful monitoring and adjustment of ventilator settings are essential to minimize these risks and provide safe and effective respiratory support.

An Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a specialized hospital department that provides continuous monitoring and advanced life support for critically ill patients. The ICU is equipped with sophisticated technology and staffed by highly trained healthcare professionals, including intensivists, nurses, respiratory therapists, and other specialists.

Patients in the ICU may require mechanical ventilation, invasive monitoring, vasoactive medications, and other advanced interventions due to conditions such as severe infections, trauma, cardiac arrest, respiratory failure, or post-surgical complications. The goal of the ICU is to stabilize patients' condition, prevent further complications, and support organ function while the underlying illness is treated.

ICUs may be organized into different units based on the type of care provided, such as medical, surgical, cardiac, neurological, or pediatric ICUs. The length of stay in the ICU can vary widely depending on the patient's condition and response to treatment.

Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) or bronchial hyperreactivity (BH) is a medical term that refers to the increased sensitivity and exaggerated response of the airways to various stimuli. In people with BHR, the airways narrow (constrict) more than usual in response to certain triggers such as allergens, cold air, exercise, or irritants like smoke or fumes. This narrowing can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

BHR is often associated with asthma and other respiratory conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchiectasis. It is typically diagnosed through a series of tests that measure the degree of airway narrowing in response to various stimuli. These tests may include spirometry, methacholine challenge test, or histamine challenge test.

BHR can be managed with medications such as bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs, which help to relax the muscles around the airways and reduce inflammation. It is also important to avoid triggers that can exacerbate symptoms and make BHR worse.

Airway management is a set of procedures and techniques used to maintain or restore the flow of air into and out of the lungs, ensuring adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the body. This is critical in medical emergencies such as respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, trauma, and other situations where a patient may have difficulty breathing on their own.

Airway management includes various interventions, such as:

1. Basic airway maneuvers: These include chin lift, jaw thrust, and suctioning to clear the airway of obstructions.
2. Use of adjuncts: Devices like oropharyngeal (OPA) and nasopharyngeal airways (NPA) can be used to maintain an open airway.
3. Bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation: This is a technique where a mask is placed over the patient's face, and positive pressure is applied to the bag to help move air in and out of the lungs.
4. Endotracheal intubation: A flexible plastic tube is inserted through the mouth or nose and advanced into the trachea (windpipe) to secure the airway and allow for mechanical ventilation.
5. Supraglottic airway devices (SADs): These are alternatives to endotracheal intubation, such as laryngeal mask airways (LMAs), that provide a temporary seal over the upper airway to facilitate ventilation.
6. Surgical airway: In rare cases, when other methods fail or are not possible, a surgical airway may be established by creating an opening through the neck (cricothyrotomy or tracheostomy) to access the trachea directly.

Proper airway management requires knowledge of anatomy, understanding of various techniques and devices, and the ability to quickly assess and respond to changing clinical situations. Healthcare professionals, such as physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and paramedics, receive extensive training in airway management to ensure competency in managing this critical aspect of patient care.

Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), Newborn is a common lung disorder in premature infants. It occurs when the lungs lack a substance called surfactant, which helps keep the tiny air sacs in the lungs open. This results in difficulty breathing and oxygenation, causing symptoms such as rapid, shallow breathing, grunting noises, flaring of the nostrils, and retractions (the skin between the ribs pulls in with each breath). RDS is more common in infants born before 34 weeks of gestation and is treated with surfactant replacement therapy, oxygen support, and mechanical ventilation if necessary. In severe cases, it can lead to complications such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia or even death.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a mode of non-invasive ventilation that delivers pressurized room air or oxygen to maintain airway patency and increase functional residual capacity in patients with respiratory disorders. A CPAP device, which typically includes a flow generator, tubing, and a mask, provides a constant positive pressure throughout the entire respiratory cycle, preventing the collapse of the upper airway during inspiration and expiration.

CPAP is commonly used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition characterized by repetitive narrowing or closure of the upper airway during sleep, leading to intermittent hypoxia, hypercapnia, and sleep fragmentation. By delivering positive pressure, CPAP helps to stent open the airway, ensuring unobstructed breathing and reducing the frequency and severity of apneic events.

Additionally, CPAP can be used in other clinical scenarios, such as managing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, or postoperative respiratory insufficiency, to improve oxygenation and reduce the work of breathing. The specific pressure settings and device configurations are tailored to each patient's needs based on their underlying condition, severity of symptoms, and response to therapy.

Respiratory mucosa refers to the mucous membrane that lines the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, bronchi, and lungs. It is a specialized type of tissue that is composed of epithelial cells, goblet cells, and glands that produce mucus, which helps to trap inhaled particles such as dust, allergens, and pathogens.

The respiratory mucosa also contains cilia, tiny hair-like structures that move rhythmically to help propel the mucus and trapped particles out of the airways and into the upper part of the throat, where they can be swallowed or coughed up. This defense mechanism is known as the mucociliary clearance system.

In addition to its role in protecting the respiratory tract from harmful substances, the respiratory mucosa also plays a crucial role in immune function by containing various types of immune cells that help to detect and respond to pathogens and other threats.

Patient removed from ventilation and discharged 5 days post-extubation in good condition. Sin Nombre orthohantavirus 1993 Four ... Twelve days after admission patient showed extreme improvement in airway management. Peripheral edema spontaneously diuresed. ...
In these patients, PAP ventilation can prevent the need for tracheal intubation, or allow earlier extubation. Sometimes ... "VPAP" or "BPAP" (variable/bilevel positive airway pressure) provides two levels of pressure: inspiratory positive airway ... If these small airways and alveoli are allowed to collapse, significant pressures are required to re-expand them. This can be ... Positive airway pressure (PAP) is a mode of respiratory ventilation used in the treatment of sleep apnea. PAP ventilation is ...
The characteristic increased sputum produced can give problems in the removal of the tracheal tube (extubation). In the course ... The extra secreted mucus from tracheobronchitis plugs the airways allowing the fungal pathogens to lodge and multiply. Local ... The characteristic increased sputum produced can give problems in the removal of the tracheal tube (extubation). ... Thickened mucus secretions block the airways making infection possible. The recurrence of tracheobronchitis presents a major ...
After extubation, it might be necessary to maintain positive airway pressure by appropriate flows of a humidified oxygen/air ... The obstructive airway symptoms may be worse in the first postoperative weeks. Only a few patients have immediate relief of ... When the airway obstruction is significant there may be episodes of severe cyanosis ("blue baby") that can lead to ... Symptoms are caused by vascular compression of the airway, esophagus or both. Presentation is often within the first month ( ...
A cuff leak test is done to detect if there is airway edema to show the chances of post-extubation stridor. This is done by ... Supraglottic airway - a supraglottic airway (SGA) is any airway device that is seated above and outside the trachea, as an ... In other circumstances simple airway maneuvers, an oropharyngeal airway or laryngeal mask airway may be employed. If non- ... The positive pressure allows air to flow into the airway until the ventilator breath is terminated. Then, the airway pressure ...
... of the safety of tracheal extubation using a pediatric airway exchange catheter for patients with a known difficult airway". ... The Airway Cam Guide to Intubation and Practical Emergency Airway Management (1st ed.). Wayne, Pennsylvania: Airway Cam ... Life-threatening airway obstruction may occur when a foreign body becomes lodged in the airway; this is especially common in ... Airway obstruction is also common in people who have suffered smoke inhalation or burns within or near the airway or ...
Henderson, John (2010), "Airway Management in the Adult", Miller's Anesthesia, Elsevier, pp. 1573-1610, doi:10.1016/b978-0-443- ... In some cases, the granuloma has been reported to regress after extubation without any medical intervention. However, if the ... In some cases, the patient may even experience dyspnea, or shortness of breath due to airway obstruction by the granuloma. ... Endotracheal intubation is a common medical procedure, performed to assist patient ventilation and protect the airway. However ...
The large negative pressures created in the airways by inhalation against an upper airway obstruction can lead to fluid being ... In adults, the most frequent cause is laryngospasm (involuntary contraction of the vocal cords) after extubation, making up ... This ensures appropriate airway support and allows for easy supply of supplemental oxygen. Positive pressures oxygenation is ... In cases where endotracheal intubation is difficult or cannot be done, creation of a surgical airway may be necessary in order ...
April 2022). "Effect of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Therapy vs Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Following Extubation on ... maintains oxygenation and airway patency during management of the obstructed airway: an observational study". British Journal ... There is a correlation of the flow rate to mean airway pressure and in some subjects there has been an increase in lung volumes ... High flow was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in early 2000s and used as an alternative to positive airway ...
... caffeine is another commonly used treatment that reduces inflammation and increases lung volume thereby improving extubation ... treated with diuretics that decrease fluid in the alveoli where gas exchange occurs and bronchodilators that relax the airway ...
... and a patent upper airway are other criteria that should be met to increase extubation success. Patients should be assessed ...
... (born 1942) is a pediatrician and the inventor of the INSURE (Intubation Surfactant Extubation)and LISA (Less ... "Nasal continuous positive airway pressure and early surfactant therapy for respiratory distress syndrome in newborns of less ... "Treatment of the idiopathic respiratory-distress syndrome with continuous positive airway pressure". The New England Journal of ... "Surfactant therapy and nasal continuous positive airway pressure for newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. Danish- ...
In addition, the lungs show bleeding, overdistention of airways, and damage to the lining cells.[citation needed] The lungs of ... Intubation Surfactant Extubation) and LISA (Less Invasive Surfactant Administration) methods combined with nasal CPAP ( ... Oxygen is given with a small amount of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and intravenous fluids are administered to ... Ho, Jacqueline J; Subramaniam, Prema; Davis, Peter G (2020-10-15). "Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for respiratory ...
Airway management has been found to be the most important factor in treating patients with Ludwig's Angina, i.e. it is the " ... Extubation, which is the removal of endotracheal tube to liberate the patient from mechanical ventilation, should only be done ... As the condition worsens, the airway may be compromised and hardening of the spaces on both sides of the tongue may develop. ... Patient's airway can rapidly deteriorate and therefor close observation and preparation for more invasive methods such as ...
Visualization of the airway by medical experts equipped to control the airway may be needed. Stridor may occur as a result of: ... Clinical review: Post-extubation laryngeal edema and extubation failure in critically ill adult patients. Crit Care. 2009; 13(6 ... Helium, being a less dense gas than nitrogen, reduces turbulent flow through the airways. Always ensure an open airway. In ... airway edema (e.g., following instrumentation of the airway, tracheal intubation, drug side effect, allergic reaction); ...
It is most often reported 1) post-operatively after endotracheal extubation or 2) after sudden reflux of gastric contents. It ... Patients with a history of significant aspiration, asthma, exposure to airway irritants (smoke, dust, fumes, use of Desflurane ... Laryngospasm is a primitive protective airway reflex that functions to protect against aspiration. However, it may be ... Treatment requires clearing secretions from the oropharynx, applying continuous positive airway pressure with 100% oxygen, ...
It can be used for sedation required for awake fibreoptic nasal intubation in patients with a difficult airway. It has also ... From an economic perspective, dexmedetomidine is associated with lower ICU costs, largely due to a shorter time to extubation. ... Studies suggest dexmedetomidine for sedation in mechanically ventilated adults may reduce time to extubation and ICU stay. ...
Nestor, C. C.; Wang, S.; Irwin, M. G. (2021). "Are tracheal intubation and extubation aerosol‐generating procedures?". ... airway suction, tracheostomy, chest physiotherapy, nebuliser treatment, sputum induction, bronchoscopy and ultrasonic scaling ... "A quantitative evaluation of aerosol generation during tracheal intubation and extubation". Anaesthesia. 76 (2): 174-181. doi: ... "Aerosolisation during tracheal intubation and extubation in an operating theatre setting". Anaesthesia. 76 (2): 182-188. doi: ...
Laryngeal tube Tracheal intubation Airway management Dunn, Peter F.; Goulet, Robert L. (2000). "Endotracheal Tubes and Airway ... which can be used for suction of the nasopharngeal area and above the cuff to aid extubation (removal). This allows suctioning ... Other tubes (such as the Bivona Fome-Cuf tube) are designed specifically for use in laser surgery in and around the airway. ... Tracheal tubes are commonly used for airway management in the settings of general anesthesia, critical care, mechanical ...
The cause of death was usually asphyxia due to an obstructed airway. A tracheotomy was often a necessary procedure to save a ... His tubes and the accompanying instruments for intubation and extubation, with his methods for the care of these patients, came ... experimented with various approaches to keep the laryngeal airway open. At first, O'Dwyer experimented with his device on ...
Even small degrees of residual paralysis are associated with weakness of upper airway muscles which may lead to airway ... after neostigmine is given to ensure enough time for the neuromuscular blockade to be fully reversed before tracheal extubation ...
As the nerve cells die, there is a progressive paralysis of the larynx, causing the airway to collapse. The common presentation ... Successful Assessment of Vocal Cord Palsy Before Tracheal Extubation by Laryngeal Ultrasonography in a Patient After Esophageal ... The condition is incurable, but surgery can keep the airway open. Experiments with nerve grafts have been tried.: 421-426 ...
Upper airway obstruction with edema and stridor can be treated with racemic epinephrine. Adverse reactions to adrenaline ... Davies MW, Davis PG (2002). "Nebulized racemic epinephrine for extubation of newborn infants". The Cochrane Database of ... For example, high epinephrine levels cause smooth muscle relaxation in the airways but cause contraction of the smooth muscle ... Racemic adrenaline works by stimulating the alpha-adrenergic receptors in the airway, with resultant mucosal vasoconstriction ...
Patient removed from ventilation and discharged 5 days post-extubation in good condition. Sin Nombre orthohantavirus 1993 Four ... Twelve days after admission patient showed extreme improvement in airway management. Peripheral edema spontaneously diuresed. ...
open suctioning of airways. *sputum induction. *cardiopulmonary resuscitation. *endotracheal intubation and extubation ...
It also can produce significant increases in systemic and cerebral pressures during intubation and extubation. ... and airway edema may make intubation difficult. ...
... it is important to use products designed for their anatomy to mitigate risks of unplanned extubation (UEs) and airway trauma. ... The SonarMed™ airway monitoring system should not be used as the sole basis for diagnosis or therapy and is intended only as an ... SonarMed™ airway monitoring system. Shiley™ cuffless endotracheal tube. We offer a range of DEHP free neonatal and pediatric ... Reduction in unintended extubations in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatrics. May 2019;143(5):e20180897. ...
Without immediate airway management with a tracheotomy (intubation is unsuccessful), death is imminent. The exception is a ... The study found that 89% of patients underwent successful extubation on the first postoperative day. However, the investigators ... The largest tube or scope to pass through the airway is a good measure of the lumen diameter. Congenital subglottic stenosis is ... Do not pass the scope beyond the vocal cords because this may precipitate airway obstruction in a patient with a compromised ...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP). *Intubation and extubation procedures ...
Total pulmonary resistance (RT) was partitioned into upper airway resistance (extrathoracic portion of trachea, larynx, pharynx ... and repeated after extubation. Data were examined by use of ANOVA with repeated measures. ... nasal cavity, nares; RUA) and lower airway resistance (intrathoracic portion of trachea, bronchi, bronchioles). Baseline ...
The evaluation of the airway is crucial because in the majority of the cases there is a difficult airway conditioned by the ... During the extubation, the aspiration of the oropharinge is contraindicated by the risk of big and hemorrhagic blisters ... Airway: microstomia, Mallampati grade II, cervical and jaw mobility maintained. Anesthetic-surgical history of maxillofacial ... The regional anesthesia is a valid alternative to the general anesthesia because there is no need of airway manipulation [1,3,4 ...
Removal of a placed airway management device is performed only after the patient has met a long list of extubation criteria. ... or it may demand the insertion of a prosthetic airway device such as a laryngeal mask airway or endotracheal tube. [14] Various ... The next step of the induction process is securing the airway. This may be a simple matter of manually holding the patients ... The incidence of class "zero" airway and the impact of Mallampati score, age, sex, and body mass index on prediction of ...
... reduced need for continuous positive airway pressure therapy, and shorter ICU stays, though hospital stays were comparable. ... Results indicated no significant difference in 30-day mortality rates, with MIAVR patients benefiting from faster extubation ... Keywords: Airway Extubation; Aortic Valve; Artificial Respiration; Length of Stay; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; ... 9 ± 2 hours, P,0.01). Continuous positive airway pressure therapy was less common in the MIAVR than in the CAVR group (3.3% vs ...
Nutritional intake achieved [Time Frame: 24 hours post extubation] Amount of carbon dioxide retention [Time Frame: 24 hours ... Post extubation rates of vomiting [Time Frame: 24 hours] ... Airway Extubation Oxygen Therapy Intensive Care Critical Care ... they are considered fit for extubation. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who cannot be extubated (including patients requiring ... High-flow Nasal Oxygen Therapy to Prevent Extubation Failure in Adult Trauma Intensive Care Patients ...
... and enable early extubation [15,16,17]. Early extubation was previously linked with decreased rates of pulmonary complications ... may lead to a decreased risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia and less airway trauma and facilitate earlier mobilization and ... Quality improvement program increases early tracheal extubation rate and decreases pulmonary complications and resource ... and continuous positive airway pressure (5 cm H2O) during postoperative mechanical ventilation. ...
... postoperative airway concerns receive relatively little emphasis but pose an immediate threat to patient safety. Learn more ... postoperative airway concerns,#postoperative airway emergency,#tracheal extubation,#ventilatory drive,#vocal cord paralysis. ... Tags: #airway,#airway patency,#aspiration,#breath,#breathing,#hypoxemia,#laryngospasm,#obstruction,#patient safety,# ... however tracheal extubation and postoperative airway emergencies receive relatively little emphasis. A postoperative airway ...
4] Stephan et al, High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Noninvasive Positive Airway Pressure in Hypoxemic Patients After Cardiothoracic ... High Velocity Therapy for Post-Extubation Support. With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, were paying a lot of attention to ... Given the chances of extubation success by using a combination of NIV and HFNC, clinicians should be aware of Vapotherm high ... 1] Epstein SK et al, Effects of Failed Extubation on Outcome of Mechanical Ventilation. CHEST. 1997; 112(1); 186-192.. [2] ...
... identification and treatment of difficult airways; v) confirmation of tracheal intubation; vi) tracheal extubation, and vii) ... Airway management in neonates and infants: European Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care and British Journal of ... Airway management is required during general anaesthesia and is essential for life-threatening conditions such as ... It is important to define the optimal techniques and strategies for airway management in these groups. In this joint European ...
Early extubation when a child is clinically stable should be attempted. Maintenance of judicious fluid balance and correction ... Usual good supportive care with attention to airway, breathing, and circulation should be provided. CVL and arterial lines ...
Primarily causing infection of airway epithelial cells → Respiratory symptoms. Later on, additionally infect surrounding cells ... Hazards: Spontaneous extubation, orthopedic injuries). b. ECMO for most critically ill patients (refractory hypoxemia) ...
Airway Most patients are extubated before leaving the operating room and soon become able to clear secretions from their airway ... patients with normal lungs and trachea may have a mild cough for 24 hours after extubation; for smokers and patients with a ... Patients should not leave the recovery room until they can clear and protect their airway (unless they are going to an ... These drugs are sometimes used before or during surgery to decrease upper airway secretions, but they should be avoided ...
Supraglottic airway - a supraglottic airway (SGA) is any airway device that is seated above and outside the trachea, as an ... The balloon can also be deflated via this cuff upon extubation. C) Trachea ... In other circumstances simple airway maneuvres, an oropharyngeal airway or laryngeal mask airway may be employed. If the ... Motility of mucocilia in the airways - Positive pressure ventilation appears to impair mucociliary motility in the airways. ...
EN was stopped 4 h before airway procedures (tracheostomy, airway change, extubation). After tracheostomy, the EN was. 39 ... airway procedures) Time to restart EN for all procedures (imaging, NGT, non airway surgery, airway procedures) Before imaging ... 4. After theatre with an unprotected airway or after extubation - if after 4 h, the patient is stable, then EN should be ... 6. Before extubation - Planned extubation should be discussed with the on-call registrar or ICU Consultant and the EN stopped 4 ...
Airway Edema. 0.5-2 mg/kg/day PO/IV/IM divided q6hr, starting 24 hours before extubation and continued for 4-6 doses afterward ...
If the airway is compromised by bleeding, CPB should be resumed with venting of the PA. Bronchoscopy is then performed with ... It is beneficial in shorter operations and allows for very early awakening and extubation.. *Succinylcholine is a depolarizing ... with extubation in the OR or upon arrival in the ICU.47 Remifentanil has been shown to minimize the systemic inflammatory ... and use of propofol or dexmedetomidine at the conclusion of surgery allow for early postoperative extubation. Use of the short‐ ...
This volume analyzes and explains new preoperative diagnostic methods, algorithms, intubation devices, extubation procedures, ... An Update on Airway Management brings forth information about new approaches in airway management in many clinical settings. ... An Update on Airway Management brings forth information about new approaches in airway management in many clinical settings. ... Airway management in different settings (nonoperating room locations and emergency rooms). · Airway management in specific ...
... but it was reappeared after extubation. However, anesthetic induction with self-respiration and gentle assistance with manual ... because dynamic airway collapse improves as the airway structures mature. The airway that is maintained during spontaneous ... Airway obstruction is not an uncommon phenomenon in premature infants during general anesthesia because the airway is immature ... Airway obstruction during general anesthesia in a premature infant suspecting bronchospasm and/or airway malacia -A case report ...
... oral and nasal pharyngeal airway insertion, airway suctioning, extubation, assist with tracheostomy insertion, perform ... Performs airway maintenance including: proper use of manual resuscitators, ...
  • Awake intubation was chosen due to the patient's facial deformity and large mass, which hindered face mask ventilation and supraglottic airway use. (
  • Airway evaluation and choice of intubation method play a crucial role in ensuring the safety and success of the procedure in patients with difficult airways, especially when faced with tumors and potential complications. (
  • Non-Sleep Non-Apnea Nasal Fiber Optic Intubation for Difficult Airway Management: A Case Series. (
  • Performs tracheal intubation and extubation, airway management. (
  • Tracheal intubation receives much attention, especially with regard to the difficult airway, however tracheal extubation and postoperative airway emergencies receive relatively little emphasis. (
  • For the anticipated difficult airway awake, fiberoptic intubation is still the 'gold standard' technique. (
  • Wong J, Lee JSE, Wong TGL, Iqbal R, Wong P. Fibreoptic intubation in airway management: a review article. (
  • Tracheal Intubation Awake or Under Anesthesia for Potential Difficult Airway: Look Before You Leap. (
  • Respiratory outcome was promising with shorter mechanical ventilation time and reduced need for post-extubation support. (
  • Given the chances of extubation success by using a combination of NIV and HFNC, clinicians should be aware of Vapotherm high velocity therapy as a post-extubation support tool. (
  • In multivariate analysis, duration of mechanical ventilation more than 7 days prior to extubation, ineffective cough, and severe systolic left ventricular dysfunction were the three independent factors associated with extubation failure. (
  • An ineffective cough, a prior duration of mechanical ventilation more than 7 days, and severe systolic left ventricular dysfunction were stronger predictors of extubation failure than delirium or ICU-acquired weakness. (
  • Patient removed from ventilation and discharged 5 days post-extubation in good condition. (
  • He emphasises that effective ventilation and oxygenation are the priority in airway management, and that this can be best achieved by two-handed bag-mask technique or by using an LMA. (
  • Traditionally, low flow oxygen therapy and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NiPPV) have been the devices to help support patients through post-extubation. (
  • Thille and colleagues recently published a study in JAMA, titled "Effect of Postextubation High-Flow Nasal Oxygen With Noninvasive Ventilation vs High-Flow Nasal Oxygen Alone on Reintubation Among Patients at High Risk of Extubation Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (
  • [1] Epstein SK et al, Effects of Failed Extubation on Outcome of Mechanical Ventilation. (
  • The 2017 American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society guidelines on mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [ 1 ] failed to address airway-pressure release ventilation (APRV). (
  • A differential diagnosis of acute postoperative obstruction of the upper airway after extubation is wide and includes: laryngospasm, relaxed airway muscles, soft tissue edema, cervical hematoma, vocal-cord paralysis, and vocal cord dysfunction. (
  • Even if the patients' medical condition is stable and no potential complications occurred, such as post-extubation stridor, laryngeal edema, or reintubation, the need for extubation should be carefully planned 4 , 6 . (
  • Is there a risk for post-extubation laryngeal edema? (
  • Trauma to the airway carries a life threatening situation because it can cause by itself airway obstruction or obstruction by blood, secretions, tissue oedema, debris and vomitus. (
  • Although patients considered at high risk for extubation failure had higher reintubation rate, prediction of extubation failure by caregivers at time of extubation had high specificity but low sensitivity. (
  • We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA), which allows a coherent analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs), in order to evaluate the association between the administration of prophylactic steroids and the reintubation rate after extubation in intubated critically ill patients. (
  • Finally, the risk of airway obstruction continues to postoperative period and the decision to extubate in part is based on the prevention of reintubation and/or to prevent postoperative airway obstruction by tissue oedema in certain types of trauma and facial bone fixation. (
  • James talks to Dr Tim Suharto about postoperative airway concerns. (
  • A postoperative airway emergency is defined as derangement in physiological signs or symptoms attributed to the airway resulting in obstruction or impending obstruction. (
  • Any form of airway dysfunction, such as obstruction after tracheal extubation, is an immediate threat to patient safety. (
  • This study aimed to determine the frequency of prophylactic steroid administration to prevent reintubation after extubation in critically ill patients. (
  • This NMA showed that the multiple doses were not statistically superior to the single dose in lowering the incidence of reintubation after extubation in critically ill patients. (
  • The difficult airway society guidelines suggest that 100 mg of hydrocortisone (HC) should be administered every 6 hours 4 . (
  • The danger of extubating a patient when reestablishment of the airway is judged to be difficult is considerable. (
  • 2022 American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway. (
  • Tim is an instructor for the Nepean Difficult Airway course as well as the Nepean Can't Intubate Can't Oxygenate (CICO) workshop. (
  • Does the patient have a difficult airway? (
  • Practice guidelines for management of the difficult airway: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway. (
  • Most patients are extubated before leaving the operating room and soon become able to clear secretions from their airway. (
  • Events such as laryngospasm, aspiration, inadequate airway patency, or inadequate ventilatory drive can occur and frequently result in hypoxemia. (
  • Surgical management of temporomandibular ankylosis cases presents significant challenges to an anesthetist in maintaining airway patency. (
  • The influence of delirium, ICU-acquired paresis, and cardiac performance on extubation outcome has never been evaluated together. (
  • [3] Furthermore, Stephan and colleagues found that in cardiothoracic surgery patients, HFNC has similar efficacy to NiPPV in preventing or resolving acute respiratory distress during post-extubation. (
  • This comfortable yet efficacious therapy could be an attractive option for post-extubation respiratory support, whether for COVID-19 patients or others. (
  • Recognizing airway trauma and safety management is challenging for any anaesthesiologist. (
  • Knowing your capabilities and skills are very important for safe airway management. (
  • It does not matter where you are but skills, knowledge of airway management algorithms and tools you have. (
  • After reading this book chapter, the participant will be able to define airway trauma, proper airway risk assessment and safety management. (
  • hence, the airway assessment and management are not well structured because physicians rarely treat such cases [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • Twelve days after admission patient showed extreme improvement in airway management. (
  • Before she can go home, a tracheostomy tube is placed to manage persistent airway protection and secretion management difficulties that increase the risk for pneumonia. (
  • There are multiple surgical and medical problems associated, being the anesthetic risk attributed mainly to the oropharingeal involvement, airway management, patient mobilization and surgical positioning [3]. (
  • The equipment described here by no means constitutes a list of everything being available for airway management. (
  • Approach to Airway Management by Richard Levitan (from Big Sick 2018) - this is a distillation of the Levitan approach to airway management, which is advocated on this course. (
  • Lloyd, an intensivist and anaesthetist, provides a comprehensive overview of extubation assessment and management in critical care patients. (
  • This talk discusses lessons from remote and prehospital environments that can be applied to all airway management scenarios. (
  • In an interactive video he shows how an airway expert develops strategies for airway management using 3 specific cases. (
  • Thus, this retrospective study evaluated the techniques for combating airway management challenges, emphasizing developing an institutional protocol that effectively minimizes errors. (
  • This narrative review describes the main applications of de la ultrasonografía en ultrasound in anesthesia, ultrasound-guided techniques, and current trends in the perioperative anesthetic management of anestesia the surgical patient. (
  • We aimed to assess the respective role of these factors on the risk of extubation failure and to assess the predictive accuracy of caregivers. (
  • On the day of extubation, muscle strength of the four limbs, criteria for delirium, cardiac performance, cough strength, and the risk of extubation failure predicted by caregivers were prospectively assessed. (
  • Extubation failure was defined as the need for reintubation within the following 7 days. (
  • Only one-third patients who required reintubation were considered at high risk for extubation failure by caregivers. (
  • Reintubation after extubation failure causes complications such as cardiovascular failure or ventilator-associated pneumonia, and is associated with an increased mortality rate 1 - 3 . (
  • This trial found that when both HFNC and NiPPV were used on patients of high risk of extubation failure, the risk of reintubation was significantly decreased when compared to use of HFNC alone. (
  • the need for extubation should be planned on the day that the patient was intubated 4 , 5 . (
  • Once a patient passes a spontaneous breathing trail other considerations before extubation will need to be considered. (
  • Extubation is usually left until the animal is almost awake and flow-by oxygen is given immediately after, until the patient can cope on room air. (
  • For this reason, having an intravenous anaesthetic agent, such as propofol, an appropriately sized endotracheal tube and a laryngoscope always with the patient is prudent, so that an airway can be secured. (
  • The infestation can present as increasingly likely to be encountered by extubation the patient was transferred to a wide range of symptoms: intestinal clinicians because of the growing rates the surgical ward where she underwent perforation or occlusion, cholangitis, of travel to developing countries and an unremarkable recovery. (
  • In physical examination, the patient normally shows a volume increasing hard to palpation in the sublingual, submandibular region bilaterally and submental region, which can extend in many times to the suprahyoid region, leading to the elevation of the oral floor and the falling of the tongue towards the posterior direction with risk of obstruction of the airways 4,10 . (
  • [4] Stephan et al, High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Noninvasive Positive Airway Pressure in Hypoxemic Patients After Cardiothoracic Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (
  • Initial recovery until extubation should be done in the theatre or intensive care where oxygen is readily available. (
  • In anesthesiology, rapid and accurate the main applications of ultrasound in anes- diagnostic tools are for surgical emergen- thesia as airway evaluation, vascular access, cies, and ultrasound has become a neces- regional anesthesia, pulmonary ultrasound, sary and routine tool2. (
  • however, securing the airway in patients with maxillofacial and neck trauma is crucial and lifesaving. (
  • Among the 225 patients intubated for more than 24 hours who experienced a planned extubation attempt, 31 patients (14%) required reintubation within the 7 days following extubation. (
  • Adult intubated and ventilated patients who are victims of trauma and are being cared for on the Trauma Intensive Care Unit will be considered eligible for the study when they are considered fit for extubation. (
  • Eventually those patients are being extubated and it's well-known that failed extubation is associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. (
  • [1] So, what tools are helping those patients through post-extubation? (
  • Airway: microstomia, Mallampati grade II, cervical and jaw mobility maintained. (
  • A recent meta-analysis also showed that the use of steroids is effective in reducing post-extubation stridor and reducing the incidence of reintubation after extubation 8 . (
  • High airway pressures still give me pause, but we know that LTV doesn't entirely prevent lung injury either. (
  • Significant airway compromise leads to a reduced minute ventilatory volumes and hypoxia. (
  • 001). The APRV group had a high rate of successful extubation and shorter intensive care stays. (
  • The current guideline suggests that the prophylactic use of steroids prior to extubation is recommended as it is effective in reducing inflammatory airway edema, which can cause direct airway injury 4 , 7 . (
  • Also highly recommended is Just a routine operation , featuring Martin Bromiley talking about the human factors that led to the death of his first wife, Elaine, from a preventable airway crisis. (
  • El uso de ecografía ha entrado en el campo de la medicina del dolor, anestesia regional y del bibliographic search, data intervencionismo analgésico durante la última década, e incluso es el estándar de la práctica, por tanto, la capacitación y analysis, writing, revision and un adecuado aprendizaje en la ecografía deben ser parte del plan de estudios de cualquier programa de anestesiología. (
  • Post-operative care and extubation were carefully managed. (
  • They also receive optimally conditioned gas that ensures airway health and function . (

No images available that match "airway extubation"