A technique using a pneumatic, high-pressure stream of aluminum oxide to remove DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTIN; and restorative materials from teeth. In contrast to using DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT, this method usually requires no dental anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, DENTAL) and reduces risks of tooth chipping and microfracturing. It is used primarily for routine DENTAL CAVITY PREPARATION.
The pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes. It is differentiated from TOOTH ATTRITION in that this type of wearing away is the result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It differs also from TOOTH EROSION, the progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes not involving bacterial action. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p2)
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Tools used in dentistry that operate at high rotation speeds.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Inorganic derivatives of phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Note that organic derivatives of phosphoric acids are listed under ORGANOPHOSPHATES.
The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Occlusal wear of the surfaces of restorations and surface wear of dentures.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Hospital department providing dental care.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Blocking of a blood vessel by air bubbles that enter the circulatory system, usually after TRAUMA; surgical procedures, or changes in atmospheric pressure.
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.

Enamel reduction procedures in orthodontic treatment. (1/37)

Various combinations of enamel reduction procedures can be used to create space between teeth, to correct discrepancies between mandibular and maxillary teeth and to correct morphologic anomalies during orthodontic treatment. In particular, acid-enhanced interproximal enamel reduction significantly reduces surface roughness. This article presents a review of the literature on enamel reduction procedures.  (+info)

In vitro evaluation of bond strength and surface roughness of a resin-paint material. (2/37)

This study investigated the stability of a resin-paint material (Master Palette)--which was developed for chairside shade modification of composite restorations--by evaluating its bond strength to indirect resin composite and surface degradation. Bond strength was evaluated with four surface treatments including an application of methylene chloride, airborne particle abrasion with 50 microm aluminum oxide, and additional applications of bonding agents after air-abrasion. The surface roughness (Rz value) of both the resin-paint and indirect resin composite before and after thermo-cycling (4-60 degrees C, 50,000 cycles) was also evaluated. All data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Boneferroni's test (p=0.05). It was found that bond strength was improved by bonding agent application (14.9+/-1.9 MPa to 18.6+/-2.2 MPa, p<0.0054) after thermo-cycling. As for surface roughness, its results after thermo-cycling (2.7+/-0.2 microm, p<0.001) demonstrated that the resin-paint needed further improvements to maintain the original surface texture.  (+info)

Sandblasting of inlay margin--marginal abrasion and bond strength. (3/37)

Specimens (such as metal inlays) with 30 degrees or 45 degrees marginal bevel were prepared by casting with a 12% Au-Pd-Ag alloy or a gold alloy. A form of the marginal bevel was traced on a profile projector before and after sandblasting, and the length of the abraded margin measured. All the blasting conditions abraded the marginal bevel, while the blasting at 20 mm for 2 seconds brought about the least abrasion of approximately 10 microm in the 45 degrees specimen cast with Au-Pd-Ag alloy. The gold alloy specimens were abraded more than the Au-Pd-Ag alloy ones; those with marginal bevel of 30 degrees were abraded more than those of 45 degrees. On the other hand, the effect of different blasting conditions on the bond strength of units bonded with resin cement was evaluated (under selected blasting conditions known to cause relatively less damage to the marginal level). Specimens treated by sandblaster exhibited a comparable tensile bond strength, while specimens without sandblasting but applied with only an alloy primer showed a statistically low value.  (+info)

Effect of noble metal adhesive systems on bonding between an indirect composite material and a gold alloy. (4/37)

In this study, the bond strength between an indirect composite and a gold alloy was determined for the purpose of evaluating noble metal bonding systems. A single liquid primer designed for conditioning noble metal alloys (Infis Opaque Primer) and tri-n-butylborane-initiated adhesive resins (Super-Bond C & B), with or without the powder component, were assessed. Cast gold alloy disks (Casting Gold type IV) were air-abraded with alumina, followed by six surface preparations, and were then bonded with a light-activated composite material (New Metacolor Infis). Shear testing was performed both before and after thermocycling for evaluation of bond durability. The results showed that three primed groups improved post-thermocycling bond strengths compared to each of the corresponding unprimed groups (P < 0.01). The bond strength was reduced for all six groups by the application of thermocycling (P < 0.01). After thermocycling, the group primed with the Infis Opaque Primer material and bonded with the Super-Bond C & B resin exhibited the greatest bond strength (23.4 MPa). The Infis Opaque Primer and Super-Bond bonding system increased the post-thermocycling bond strength of the control group by a factor of approximately ten. This simple technique is applicable in the fabrication of composite veneered restorations and cone-telescope dentures.  (+info)

Office reconditioning of stainless steel orthodontic attachments. (5/37)

An investigation was conducted to determine a simple, effective method for reconditioning stainless steel orthodontic attachments in the orthodontic office. In total, 100 new brackets were bonded to premolar teeth, then debonded and the bond strength recorded as a control for the reconditioning process. The debonded brackets were divided into six groups and each group reconditioned using different techniques as follows: attachments in four groups were flamed and then either (1) sandblasted, (2) ultrasonically cleaned, (3) ultrasonically cleaned followed by silane treatment, (4) rebonded without further treatment. Of the two remaining groups, one was sandblasted, while the brackets in the other were roughened with a greenstone. The brackets were rebonded to the premolar teeth after the enamel surfaces had been re-prepared, and their bond strengths measured. The results indicated that sandblasting was the most effective in removing composite without a significant change in bond strength compared with new attachments. Silane application did not improve the bond strength values of flamed and ultrasonically cleaned brackets. Attachments that had only been flamed had the lowest bond strength, followed by those that had been roughened with a greenstone.  (+info)

Microleakage on Class V glass ionomer restorations after cavity preparation with aluminum oxide air abrasion. (6/37)

This in vitro study assessed the marginal microleakage on class V cavities prepared with aluminum oxide air abrasion and restored with different glass ionomer cements. The cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 15 sound third molars with an air- abrasion device (Kreativ Mach 4.1; New Image) using a 27.5-microm aluminum oxide particle stream, and were assigned to 3 groups of 10 cavities each. The restorative materials were: group I, a conventional glass ionomer cement (Ketac-Fil); groups II and III, resin-modified glass ionomer cements (Vitremer R and Fuji II LC, respectively). After placement of the restorations, the teeth were stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 24 h, polished and then submitted to a thermocycling regimen of 500 cycles, isolated, immersed in 0.2% Rhodamine B solution for 24 h, included and serially sectioned. Microleakage was assessed by viewing the specimens under an optical microscope connected to a color video camera and a computer. The images obtained were digitized and analyzed for microleakage using software that allows for a standard quantitative assessment of dye penetration in millimeters. Statistical analysis was done using the Kruskall-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests. Means of dye penetration (%) were: occlusal - I: 25.76 +/- 34.35, II: 20.00 +/- 42.16, III: 28.25 +/- 41.67; cervical - I: 23.72 +/- 41.84; II: 44.22 +/- 49.69, III: 39.27 +/- 50.74. No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were observed among either the glass ionomer cements or the margins. In conclusion, class V cavities restored with either conventional or resin-modified glass ionomer cements after preparation with aluminum oxide air abrasion did not show complete sealing at the enamel and dentin/cementum margins.  (+info)

Application of the total etching technique or self-etching primers on primary teeth after air abrasion. (7/37)

Since the use of air abrasion has grown in pediatric dentistry, the aim of this study was to evaluate, by means of shear bond strength testing, the need to use the total etching technique or self-etching primers on dentin of primary teeth after air abrasion. Twenty-five exfoliated primary molars had their occlusal dentin exposed by trimming and polishing. Specimens were treated by: Air abrasion + Scotchbond MultiPurpose adhesive (G1); 37% phosphoric acid + Scotchbond MP adhesive (G2); Clearfil SE (G3); Air abrasion + 37% phosphoric acid + Scotchbond MP adhesive (G4); Air abrasion + Clearfil SE (G5). On the treated surface, a cylinder of 2 mm by 6 mm was made using a composite resin (Z100). Duncan's test showed that: (G2 = G3 = G5) > (G1 = G4). The use of a self-etching primer on air abraded dentin is recommended to obtain higher bond strengths.  (+info)

Effects of surface conditioning on bond strength of metal brackets to all-ceramic surfaces. (8/37)

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of bonding brackets to ceramic restorations. Sixty feldspathic and 60 lithium disilicate ceramic specimens were randomly divided into six groups. Shear bond strength (SBS) and bond failure types were examined with six surface-conditioning methods: silane application to glazed surface, air particle abrasion (APA) with 25- and 50-microm aluminium trioxide (Al(2)O(3)), etching with 9.6 per cent hydrofluoric acid (HFA), and roughening with 40- and 63-microm diamond burs. Silane was applied to all roughened surfaces. Metal brackets were bonded with light cure composite, then stored in distilled water for 1 week and thermocycled (x500 at 5-55 degrees C for 30 seconds). The ceramic surfaces were examined with a stereomicroscope at a magnification of x10 to determine the amount of composite resin remaining using the adhesive remnant index. The lowest SBS values were obtained with HFA for feldspathic (5.39 MPa) and lithium disilicate (11.11 MPa) ceramics; these values were significantly different from those of the other groups. The highest SBS values were found with 63-microm diamond burs for feldspathic (26.38 MPa) and lithium disilicate (28.20 MPa) ceramics, and were not significantly different from 40-microm diamond burs for feldspathic and lithium disilicate ceramics (26.04 and 24.26 MPa, respectively). Roughening with 25- and 50-microm Al(2)O(3) particles showed modest SBS for lithium disilicate (22.60 and 26.15 MPa, respectively) and for feldspathic ceramics (17.90 and 14.66 MPa, respectively). Adhesive failures between the ceramic and composite resin were noted in all groups. Damage to the porcelain surfaces was not observed. The SBS values were above the optimal range, except for feldspathic ceramic treated with HFA and silane. With all surface-conditioning methods, lithium disilicate ceramic displayed higher SBS than feldspathic ceramic.  (+info)

Air abrasion, dental, is a method of removing decay and minor defects from teeth using a stream of air and fine particles. This technique is an alternative to the traditional drilling method and is often used in preventative dentistry and for preparing teeth for fillings or sealants. The process is generally considered to be more comfortable for patients as it typically does not require anesthesia, and it can be more precise and less invasive than drilling. However, air abrasion may not be suitable for all types of dental work and its use is determined by the dentist on a case-by-case basis.

Tooth abrasion is defined as the wearing away of tooth structure due to mechanical forces from activities such as tooth brushing, chewing, or habits like nail biting or pen chewing. It typically occurs at the gum line and can result in sensitive teeth, notches in the teeth near the gums, and even tooth loss if left untreated. The use of hard-bristled toothbrushes, excessive force while brushing, and abrasive toothpastes can all contribute to tooth abrasion.

Dental etching is a dental procedure that involves the use of a chemical agent, such as phosphoric or maleic acid, to create microscopic roughness on the surface of teeth. This process is typically used to prepare the tooth enamel for the application of bonding agents, such as dental adhesives and composite resins, which are used in various restorative and cosmetic dental procedures, such as fillings, veneers, and crowns.

During dental etching, the chemical agent is applied to the tooth surface for a specific amount of time, usually between 15-60 seconds, depending on the strength of the acid and the desired level of etching. The acid dissolves the minerals in the enamel, creating small pores or irregularities that increase the surface area and improve the bonding of the restorative material to the tooth. After etching, the tooth is rinsed with water and dried, and the bonding agent is applied and cured to create a strong and durable bond between the restoration and the tooth.

Dental etching is a safe and effective procedure when performed by a trained dental professional. However, over-etching or improper use of the acid can weaken the tooth structure and lead to sensitivity or other complications. Therefore, it is important to follow proper techniques and guidelines for dental etching to ensure optimal outcomes and patient satisfaction.

Dental cavity preparation is the process of removing decayed and damaged tissue from a tooth and shaping the remaining healthy structure in order to prepare it for the placement of a filling or a crown. The goal of cavity preparation is to remove all traces of decay and create a clean, stable surface for the restoration to bond with, while also maintaining as much of the natural tooth structure as possible.

The process typically involves the use of dental drills and other tools to remove the decayed tissue and shape the tooth. The size and depth of the preparation will depend on the extent of the decay and the type of restoration that will be used. After the preparation is complete, the dentist will place the filling or crown, restoring the function and integrity of the tooth.

Dental high-speed equipment typically refers to the handpiece used in dental procedures that operates at high rotational speeds, often exceeding 100,000 revolutions per minute (RPM). These handpieces are used for cutting and removing tooth structure, such as during cavity preparation or tooth reduction for restorations. They are called "high-speed" to distinguish them from slow-speed handpieces that operate at lower RPMs, typically under 10,000, and are used for procedures like polishing or cutting softer materials. High-speed handpieces are an essential part of modern dental practice, enabling precise and efficient removal of tooth structure while minimizing patient discomfort and procedure time.

Aluminum oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Al2O3. It is also known as alumina and it is a white solid that is widely used in various industries due to its unique properties. Aluminum oxide is highly resistant to corrosion, has a high melting point, and is an electrical insulator.

In the medical field, aluminum oxide is used in a variety of applications such as:

1. Dental crowns and implants: Aluminum oxide is used in the production of dental crowns and implants due to its strength and durability.
2. Orthopedic implants: Aluminum oxide is used in some types of orthopedic implants, such as knee and hip replacements, because of its biocompatibility and resistance to wear.
3. Medical ceramics: Aluminum oxide is used in the production of medical ceramics, which are used in various medical devices such as pacemakers and hearing aids.
4. Pharmaceuticals: Aluminum oxide is used as an excipient in some pharmaceutical products, such as tablets and capsules, to improve their stability and shelf life.
5. Medical research: Aluminum oxide is used in medical research, for example, as a substrate material for growing cells or as a coating material for medical devices.

It's important to note that while aluminum oxide has many useful applications in the medical field, exposure to high levels of aluminum can be harmful to human health. Therefore, it is important to use aluminum oxide and other aluminum-containing materials safely and according to established guidelines.

Dental bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure in which a tooth-colored resin material (a type of plastic) is applied and hardened with a special light, which ultimately "bonds" the material to the tooth to improve its appearance. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), dental bonding can be used for various purposes, including:

1. Repairing chipped or cracked teeth
2. Improving the appearance of discolored teeth
3. Closing spaces between teeth
4. Protecting a portion of the tooth's root that has been exposed due to gum recession
5. Changing the shape and size of teeth

Dental bonding is generally a quick and painless procedure, often requiring little to no anesthesia. The surface of the tooth is roughened and conditioned to help the resin adhere properly. Then, the resin material is applied, molded, and smoothed to the desired shape. A special light is used to harden the material, which typically takes only a few minutes. Finally, the bonded material is trimmed, shaped, and polished to match the surrounding teeth.

While dental bonding can be an effective solution for minor cosmetic concerns, it may not be as durable or long-lasting as other dental restoration options like veneers or crowns. The lifespan of a dental bonding procedure typically ranges from 3 to 10 years, depending on factors such as oral habits, location of the bonded tooth, and proper care. Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene practices can help extend the life of dental bonding.

Composite resins, also known as dental composites or filling materials, are a type of restorative material used in dentistry to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure. They are called composite resins because they are composed of a combination of materials, including a resin matrix (usually made of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate or urethane dimethacrylate) and filler particles (commonly made of silica, quartz, or glass).

The composite resins are widely used in modern dentistry due to their excellent esthetic properties, ease of handling, and ability to bond directly to tooth structure. They can be used for a variety of restorative procedures, including direct and indirect fillings, veneers, inlays, onlays, and crowns.

Composite resins are available in various shades and opacities, allowing dentists to match the color and translucency of natural teeth closely. They also have good wear resistance, strength, and durability, making them a popular choice for both anterior and posterior restorations. However, composite resins may be prone to staining over time and may require more frequent replacement compared to other types of restorative materials.

Dental care refers to the practice of maintaining and improving the oral health of the teeth and gums. It involves regular check-ups, cleanings, and treatments by dental professionals such as dentists, hygienists, and dental assistants. Dental care also includes personal habits and practices, such as brushing and flossing, that help prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

Regular dental care is important for preventing common dental problems like cavities, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. It can also help detect early signs of more serious health issues, such as oral cancer or diabetes, which can have symptoms that appear in the mouth.

Dental care may involve a range of treatments, from routine cleanings and fillings to more complex procedures like root canals, crowns, bridges, and implants. Dental professionals use various tools and techniques to diagnose and treat dental problems, including X-rays, dental impressions, and local anesthesia.

Overall, dental care is a critical component of overall health and wellness, as poor oral health has been linked to a range of systemic health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and respiratory infections.

Shear strength is a property of a material that describes its ability to withstand forces that cause internal friction and sliding of one portion of the material relative to another. In the context of human tissues, shear strength is an important factor in understanding how tissues respond to various stresses and strains, such as those experienced during physical activities or injuries.

For example, in the case of bones, shear strength is a critical factor in determining their ability to resist fractures under different types of loading conditions. Similarly, in soft tissues like ligaments and tendons, shear strength plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity of these structures during movement and preventing excessive deformation or injury.

It's worth noting that measuring the shear strength of human tissues can be challenging due to their complex structure and anisotropic properties. As such, researchers often use specialized techniques and equipment to quantify these properties under controlled conditions in the lab.

Phosphoric acids are a group of mineral acids known chemically as orthophosphoric acid and its salts or esters. The chemical formula for orthophosphoric acid is H3PO4. It is a weak acid that partially dissociates in solution to release hydrogen ions (H+), making it acidic. Phosphoric acid has many uses in various industries, including food additives, fertilizers, and detergents.

In the context of medical definitions, phosphoric acids are not typically referred to directly. However, they can be relevant in certain medical contexts, such as:

* In dentistry, phosphoric acid is used as an etching agent to prepare tooth enamel for bonding with dental materials.
* In nutrition, phosphorus is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in many bodily functions, including energy metabolism, bone and teeth formation, and nerve function. Phosphoric acid is one form of phosphorus found in some foods and beverages.
* In medical research, phosphoric acids can be used as buffers to maintain a stable pH in laboratory experiments or as reagents in various analytical techniques.

In medical terms, 'air' is defined as the mixture of gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere. It primarily consists of nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%), and small amounts of other gases such as argon, carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of neon, helium, and methane.

Air is essential for human life, as it provides the oxygen that our bodies need to produce energy through respiration. We inhale air into our lungs, where oxygen is absorbed into the bloodstream and transported to cells throughout the body. At the same time, carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular metabolism, is exhaled out of the body through the lungs and back into the atmosphere.

In addition to its role in respiration, air also plays a critical role in regulating the Earth's climate and weather patterns, as well as serving as a medium for sound waves and other forms of energy transfer.

Dental enamel is the hard, white, outermost layer of a tooth. It is a highly mineralized and avascular tissue, meaning it contains no living cells or blood vessels. Enamel is primarily composed of calcium and phosphate minerals and serves as the protective covering for the crown of a tooth, which is the portion visible above the gum line.

Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and its primary function is to provide structural support and protection to the underlying dentin and pulp tissues of the tooth. It also plays a crucial role in chewing and biting by helping to distribute forces evenly across the tooth surface during these activities.

Despite its hardness, dental enamel can still be susceptible to damage from factors such as tooth decay, erosion, and abrasion. Once damaged or lost, enamel cannot regenerate or repair itself, making it essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices and seek regular dental checkups to prevent enamel damage and protect overall oral health.

Acid etching in dental terminology refers to a surface treatment technique used in dentistry, particularly for bonding procedures. This process involves the application of a mild acid (usually phosphoric or maleic acid) onto the enamel or dentin surface of a tooth. The acid etches the surface by selectively removing the minerals and creating microscopic irregularities or porosities.

This etched surface provides an increased surface area and better mechanical retention for bonding agents, resin composites, or dental cements. As a result, the bond between the tooth and the restorative material becomes stronger and more durable. Acid etching is widely used in various dental procedures such as direct and indirect tooth-colored restorations, veneers, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic attachments.

Dentin is the hard, calcified tissue that lies beneath the enamel and cementum of a tooth. It forms the majority of the tooth's structure and is composed primarily of mineral salts (hydroxyapatite), collagenous proteins, and water. Dentin has a tubular structure, with microscopic channels called dentinal tubules that radiate outward from the pulp chamber (the center of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels) to the exterior of the tooth. These tubules contain fluid and nerve endings that are responsible for the tooth's sensitivity to various stimuli such as temperature changes, pressure, or decay. Dentin plays a crucial role in protecting the dental pulp while also providing support and structure to the overlying enamel and cementum.

Dental leakage, also known as "microleakage" in dental terminology, refers to the seepage or penetration of fluids, bacteria, or other substances between the walls of a dental restoration (such as a filling, crown, or bridge) and the prepared tooth structure. This occurs due to the presence of microscopic gaps or spaces at the interface of the restoration and the tooth.

Dental leakage can lead to several problems, including:

1. Recurrent decay: The seepage of fluids, bacteria, and sugars from the oral environment can cause secondary tooth decay around the margins of the restoration.
2. Sensitivity: Microleakage may result in temperature sensitivity or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and beverages due to fluid movement within the gap.
3. Discoloration: Over time, dental leakage might lead to staining of the tooth structure around the restoration, resulting in an unaesthetic appearance.
4. Failed restorations: Persistent dental leakage can weaken the bond between the restoration and the tooth, increasing the risk of restoration failure and the need for replacement.

To prevent dental leakage, dentists employ various techniques during restoration placement, such as using appropriate adhesives, following meticulous preparation protocols, and ensuring a tight seal around the margins of the restoration. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings are essential to monitor the condition of existing restorations and address any issues before they become more severe.

Dental education refers to the process of teaching, training, and learning in the field of dentistry. It involves a curriculum of academic and clinical instruction that prepares students to become licensed dental professionals, such as dentists, dental hygienists, and dental assistants. Dental education typically takes place in accredited dental schools or programs and includes classroom study, laboratory work, and supervised clinical experience. The goal of dental education is to provide students with the knowledge, skills, and values necessary to deliver high-quality oral health care to patients and promote overall health and wellness.

Dentin-bonding agents are substances used in dentistry to create a strong and durable bond between the dental restoration material (such as composite resin, glass ionomer cement, or crowns) and the dentin surface of a tooth. Dentin is the hard tissue that lies beneath the enamel and consists of microscopic tubules filled with fluid.

The primary function of dentin-bonding agents is to improve the adhesion of restorative materials to the tooth structure, enhancing the retention and durability of dental fillings, crowns, veneers, and other types of restorations. These agents typically contain one or more types of bonding resins, such as hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-META), and/or phosphoric acid ester monomers.

The application process for dentin-bonding agents usually involves several steps, including:

1. Etching the dentin surface with a mild acid to remove the smear layer and expose the collagen network within the dentin tubules.
2. Applying a primer that penetrates into the etched dentin and promotes the infiltration of bonding resins into the dentinal tubules.
3. Applying an adhesive, which is typically a mixture of hydrophilic and hydrophobic monomers, to form a stable bond between the tooth structure and the restoration material.
4. Light-curing the adhesive to polymerize the resin and create a strong mechanical bond with the dentin surface.

Dentin-bonding agents have significantly improved the clinical success of various dental restorations by enhancing their retention, reducing microleakage, and minimizing postoperative sensitivity. However, they may still be susceptible to degradation over time due to factors such as moisture contamination, enzymatic degradation, or hydrolysis, which can lead to the failure of dental restorations. Therefore, continuous advancements in dentin-bonding technology are essential for improving the long-term success and durability of dental restorations.

"Schools, Dental" is not a recognized medical term or concept. It seems that there might be some confusion in the terminology used. If you are referring to "Dental Schools," they are educational institutions that offer professional training programs in dentistry, leading to a degree in dental surgery (DDS) or dental medicine (DMD).

If you meant something else, please clarify the term or concept, and I would be happy to provide more information.

I'm happy to help! However, I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Students, Dental" is not a medical term or definition. Instead, it likely refers to individuals who are studying to become dental professionals, such as dentists, dental hygienists, or dental assistants.

If you're looking for information about dental education or the field of dentistry, I would be happy to provide some resources or answer any questions you may have!

Surface properties in the context of medical science refer to the characteristics and features of the outermost layer or surface of a biological material or structure, such as cells, tissues, organs, or medical devices. These properties can include physical attributes like roughness, smoothness, hydrophobicity or hydrophilicity, and electrical conductivity, as well as chemical properties like charge, reactivity, and composition.

In the field of biomaterials science, understanding surface properties is crucial for designing medical implants, devices, and drug delivery systems that can interact safely and effectively with biological tissues and fluids. Surface modifications, such as coatings or chemical treatments, can be used to alter surface properties and enhance biocompatibility, improve lubricity, reduce fouling, or promote specific cellular responses like adhesion, proliferation, or differentiation.

Similarly, in the field of cell biology, understanding surface properties is essential for studying cell-cell interactions, cell signaling, and cell behavior. Cells can sense and respond to changes in their environment, including variations in surface properties, which can influence cell shape, motility, and function. Therefore, characterizing and manipulating surface properties can provide valuable insights into the mechanisms of cellular processes and offer new strategies for developing therapies and treatments for various diseases.

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities, refers to the damage or breakdown of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin, and cementum) due to the activity of acid-producing bacteria. These bacteria ferment sugars from food and drinks, producing acids that dissolve and weaken the tooth structure, leading to cavities.

The process of dental caries development involves several stages:

1. Demineralization: The acidic environment created by bacterial activity causes minerals (calcium and phosphate) to be lost from the tooth surface, making it weaker and more susceptible to decay.
2. Formation of a white spot lesion: As demineralization progresses, a chalky white area appears on the tooth surface, indicating early caries development.
3. Cavity formation: If left untreated, the demineralization process continues, leading to the breakdown and loss of tooth structure, resulting in a cavity or hole in the tooth.
4. Infection and pulp involvement: As the decay progresses deeper into the tooth, it can reach the dental pulp (the soft tissue containing nerves and blood vessels), causing infection, inflammation, and potentially leading to toothache, abscess, or even tooth loss.

Preventing dental caries involves maintaining good oral hygiene, reducing sugar intake, using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash, and having regular dental check-ups and cleanings. Early detection and treatment of dental caries can help prevent further progression and more severe complications.

Resin cements are dental materials used to bond or cement restorations, such as crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances, to natural teeth or implants. They are called "resin" cements because they are made of a type of synthetic resin material that can be cured or hardened through the use of a chemical reaction or exposure to light.

Resin cements typically consist of three components: a base, a catalyst, and a filler. The base and catalyst are mixed together to create a putty-like consistency, which is then applied to the restoration or tooth surface. Once the cement is in place, it is exposed to light or allowed to chemically cure, which causes it to harden and form a strong bond between the restoration and the tooth.

Resin cements are known for their excellent adhesive properties, as well as their ability to withstand the forces of biting and chewing. They can also be color-matched to natural teeth, making them an aesthetically pleasing option for dental restorations. However, they may not be suitable for all patients or situations, and it is important for dental professionals to carefully consider the specific needs and conditions of each patient when choosing a cement material.

Dental care for chronically ill refers to the oral health management and treatment provided to individuals who have chronic medical conditions. These patients often require specialized dental care due to their increased risk of developing oral health problems as a result of their underlying medical condition or its treatment. The goal of dental care for the chronically ill is to prevent and manage dental diseases, such as tooth decay and gum disease, in order to maintain overall health and quality of life. This may involve close collaboration between dental professionals, physicians, and other healthcare providers to ensure that the patient's oral health needs are being met in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.

Toothbrushing is the act of cleaning teeth and gums using a toothbrush to remove plaque, food debris, and dental calculus (tartar) from the surfaces of the teeth and gums. It is typically performed using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, with gentle circular or back-and-forth motions along the gumline and on all surfaces of the teeth. Toothbrushing should be done at least twice a day, preferably after every meal and before bedtime, for two minutes each time, to maintain good oral hygiene and prevent dental diseases such as tooth decay and gum disease. It is also recommended to brush the tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.

A dental clinic is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on providing oral health services to patients. These services may include preventative care, such as dental cleanings and exams, as well as restorative treatments like fillings, crowns, and bridges. Dental clinics may also offer specialized services, such as orthodontics, periodontics, or endodontics.

In a dental clinic, patients are typically seen by licensed dentists who have completed dental school and received additional training in their chosen area of specialty. Dental hygienists, dental assistants, and other support staff may also work in the clinic to provide care and assistance to patients.

Dental clinics can be found in a variety of settings, including hospitals, community health centers, private practices, and educational institutions. Some dental clinics may specialize in treating certain populations, such as children, elderly individuals, or low-income patients. Others may offer specialized services, such as oral surgery or cosmetic dentistry.

Overall, dental clinics play an important role in promoting oral health and preventing dental diseases and conditions. By providing access to high-quality dental care, dental clinics can help patients maintain healthy teeth and gums, prevent tooth decay and gum disease, and improve their overall quality of life.

Dental care for children, also known as pediatric dentistry, is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the oral health of children from infancy through adolescence. The medical definition of dental care for children includes:

1. Preventive Dentistry: This involves regular dental check-ups, professional cleaning, fluoride treatments, and sealants to prevent tooth decay and other dental diseases. Parents are also educated on proper oral hygiene practices for their children, including brushing, flossing, and dietary habits.
2. Restorative Dentistry: If a child develops cavities or other dental problems, restorative treatments such as fillings, crowns, or pulpotomies (baby root canals) may be necessary to restore the health and function of their teeth.
3. Orthodontic Treatment: Many children require orthodontic treatment to correct misaligned teeth or jaws. Early intervention can help guide proper jaw development and prevent more severe issues from developing later on.
4. Habit Counseling: Dental care for children may also involve habit counseling, such as helping a child stop thumb sucking or pacifier use, which can negatively impact their oral health.
5. Sedation and Anesthesia: For children who are anxious about dental procedures or have special needs, sedation or anesthesia may be used to ensure their comfort and safety during treatment.
6. Emergency Care: Dental care for children also includes emergency care for injuries such as knocked-out teeth, broken teeth, or severe toothaches. Prompt attention is necessary to prevent further damage and alleviate pain.
7. Education and Prevention: Finally, dental care for children involves educating parents and children about the importance of good oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups to maintain optimal oral health throughout their lives.

Dental restoration wear refers to the progressive loss of structure and function of a dental restoration, such as a filling or crown, due to wear and tear over time. This can be caused by factors such as chewing, grinding, or clenching of teeth, as well as chemical dissolution from acidic foods and drinks. The wear can lead to changes in the shape and fit of the restoration, which may result in discomfort, sensitivity, or even failure of the restoration. Regular dental check-ups are important for monitoring dental restorations and addressing any issues related to wear before they become more serious.

Dental pulp is the soft tissue located in the center of a tooth, surrounded by the dentin. It contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, and plays a vital role in the development and health of the tooth. The dental pulp helps to form dentin during tooth development and continues to provide nourishment to the tooth throughout its life. It also serves as a sensory organ, allowing the tooth to detect hot and cold temperatures and transmit pain signals to the brain. Injury or infection of the dental pulp can lead to serious dental problems, such as tooth decay or abscesses, and may require root canal treatment to remove the damaged tissue and save the tooth.

A dental hygienist is a licensed healthcare professional who works as part of the dental team, providing educational, clinical, and therapeutic services to prevent and control oral diseases. They are trained and authorized to perform various duties such as:

1. Cleaning and polishing teeth (prophylaxis) to remove plaque, calculus, and stains.
2. Applying fluoride and sealants to protect tooth surfaces from decay.
3. Taking dental radiographs (x-rays) to help diagnose dental issues.
4. Providing oral health education, including proper brushing, flossing techniques, and nutrition counseling.
5. Performing screenings for oral cancer and other diseases.
6. Documenting patient care and treatment plans in medical records.
7. Collaborating with dentists to develop individualized treatment plans for patients.
8. Managing infection control protocols and maintaining a safe, clean dental environment.
9. Providing supportive services, such as applying anesthetics or administering nitrous oxide, under the direct supervision of a dentist (depending on state regulations).

Dental hygienists typically work in private dental offices but can also be found in hospitals, clinics, public health settings, educational institutions, and research facilities. They must complete an accredited dental hygiene program and pass written and clinical exams to obtain licensure in their state of practice. Continuing education is required to maintain licensure and stay current with advancements in the field.

The Faculty of Dental Surgery (FDS) is a division or department within a medical or dental school that focuses on the study, research, and practice of dental surgery. The faculty may be responsible for providing undergraduate and postgraduate education and training in dental surgery, as well as conducting research in this field.

Dental surgery encompasses various procedures related to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and disorders that affect the teeth, gums, and other structures of the mouth and jaw. This may include procedures such as tooth extractions, root canals, dental implants, and oral cancer surgery, among others.

The Faculty of Dental Surgery is typically composed of a group of dental surgeons who are experts in their field and have a commitment to advancing the practice of dental surgery through education, research, and clinical excellence. Members of the faculty may include professors, researchers, clinicians, and other professionals who are involved in the delivery of dental care.

Dental care for disabled refers to the specialized oral health services and treatments provided to individuals with physical, cognitive, or developmental disabilities. This type of dental care aims to prevent and manage dental diseases and conditions that can be more prevalent and challenging to treat in this population due to factors such as limited mobility, difficulty communicating, behavioral challenges, and the need for specialized equipment and techniques. Dental care for disabled may include routine cleanings, fillings, extractions, and other procedures, as well as education and counseling on oral hygiene and dietary habits. It may also involve collaboration with other healthcare providers to manage overall health and well-being.

Dental anxiety is a common feeling of fear or apprehension associated with dental appointments, treatments, or procedures. It can range from mild feelings of unease to severe phobias that cause people to avoid dental care altogether. Dental anxiety may stem from various factors such as negative past experiences, fear of pain, needles, or loss of control. In some cases, dental anxiety may lead to physical symptoms like sweating, rapid heartbeat, and difficulty breathing. It is important for individuals with dental anxiety to communicate their feelings with their dentist so that they can receive appropriate care and support.

Air pollutants are substances or mixtures of substances present in the air that can have negative effects on human health, the environment, and climate. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including industrial processes, transportation, residential heating and cooking, agricultural activities, and natural events. Some common examples of air pollutants include particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Air pollutants can cause a range of health effects, from respiratory irritation and coughing to more serious conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and cancer. They can also contribute to climate change by reacting with other chemicals in the atmosphere to form harmful ground-level ozone and by directly absorbing or scattering sunlight, which can affect temperature and precipitation patterns.

Air quality standards and regulations have been established to limit the amount of air pollutants that can be released into the environment, and efforts are ongoing to reduce emissions and improve air quality worldwide.

Dental insurance is a type of health insurance specifically designed to cover the costs associated with dental care. It typically helps pay for preventive, basic, and major restorative procedures, including routine checkups, cleanings, fillings, extractions, root canals, crowns, bridges, and in some cases, orthodontic treatment.

Dental insurance plans often have a network of participating dentists who agree to provide services at pre-negotiated rates, helping to keep costs down for both the insured individual and the insurance company. The plan may cover a certain percentage of the cost of each procedure or have set copayments and deductibles that apply.

Like other forms of insurance, dental insurance plans come with annual maximum coverage limits, which is the most the plan will pay for dental care within a given year. It's essential to understand the terms and conditions of your dental insurance policy to make informed decisions about your oral health care and maximize the benefits available to you.

Eye injuries refer to any damage or trauma caused to the eye or its surrounding structures. These injuries can vary in severity and may include:

1. Corneal abrasions: A scratch or scrape on the clear surface of the eye (cornea).
2. Chemical burns: Occurs when chemicals come into contact with the eye, causing damage to the cornea and other structures.
3. Eyelid lacerations: Cuts or tears to the eyelid.
4. Subconjunctival hemorrhage: Bleeding under the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye.
5. Hyphema: Accumulation of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, which is the space between the cornea and iris.
6. Orbital fractures: Breaks in the bones surrounding the eye.
7. Retinal detachment: Separation of the retina from its underlying tissue, which can lead to vision loss if not treated promptly.
8. Traumatic uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye, caused by trauma.
9. Optic nerve damage: Damage to the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the eye to the brain.

Eye injuries can result from a variety of causes, including accidents, sports-related injuries, violence, and chemical exposure. It is important to seek medical attention promptly for any suspected eye injury to prevent further damage and potential vision loss.

Dental auxiliaries are healthcare professionals who provide support to dentists in the delivery of oral healthcare services. They work under the supervision of a licensed dentist and perform tasks that require specific technical skills and knowledge. Examples of dental auxiliaries include dental hygienists, dental assistants, and dental lab technicians.

Dental hygienists are responsible for providing preventive dental care to patients, including cleaning teeth, taking x-rays, and educating patients on oral hygiene practices. They may also perform certain clinical procedures under the direct supervision of a dentist.

Dental assistants work closely with dentists during dental procedures, preparing instruments, mixing materials, and providing patient care. They may also perform administrative tasks such as scheduling appointments and managing patient records.

Dental lab technicians create dental restorations such as crowns, bridges, and dentures based on impressions taken by the dentist. They use a variety of materials and techniques to fabricate these devices with precision and accuracy.

It's important to note that the specific roles and responsibilities of dental auxiliaries may vary depending on the jurisdiction and local regulations.

Dental health services refer to medical care and treatment provided for the teeth and mouth. This can include preventative care, such as dental cleanings and exams, as well as restorative treatments like fillings, crowns, and root canals. Dental health services may also include cosmetic procedures, such as teeth whitening or orthodontic treatment to straighten crooked teeth. In addition to these services, dental health professionals may provide education on oral hygiene and the importance of maintaining good dental health. These services are typically provided by dentists, dental hygienists, and other dental professionals in a variety of settings, including private dental practices, community health clinics, and hospitals.

Air pollution is defined as the contamination of air due to the presence of substances or harmful elements that exceed the acceptable limits. These pollutants can be in the form of solid particles, liquid droplets, gases, or a combination of these. They can be released from various sources, including industrial processes, vehicle emissions, burning of fossil fuels, and natural events like volcanic eruptions.

Exposure to air pollution can have significant impacts on human health, contributing to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular issues, and even premature death. It can also harm the environment, damaging crops, forests, and wildlife populations. Stringent regulations and measures are necessary to control and reduce air pollution levels, thereby protecting public health and the environment.

Dental research is a scientific discipline that focuses on the study of teeth, oral health, and related diseases. It involves various aspects of dental sciences such as oral biology, microbiology, biochemistry, genetics, epidemiology, biomaterials, and biotechnology. The main aim of dental research is to improve oral health care, develop new diagnostic tools, prevent dental diseases, and create better treatment options for various dental conditions. Dental researchers may study topics such as tooth development, oral cancer, periodontal disease, dental caries (cavities), saliva composition, and the effects of nutrition on oral health. The findings from dental research can help improve dental care practices, inform public health policies, and advance our understanding of overall human health.

Dental care for the elderly, also known as geriatric dentistry, refers to the dental care services provided to meet the specific needs and challenges of older adults. As people age, they may experience various oral health issues such as:

* Dry mouth due to medication side effects or medical conditions
* Gum disease and periodontitis
* Tooth loss and decay
* Oral cancer
* Uneven jawbone or ill-fitting dentures

Dental care for the aged may include routine dental exams, cleanings, fillings, extractions, denture fittings, oral surgery, and education on proper oral hygiene. It is important for elderly individuals to maintain good oral health as it can impact their overall health and quality of life. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices can help prevent or manage these common oral health problems in the elderly.

The dental arch refers to the curved shape formed by the upper or lower teeth when they come together. The dental arch follows the curve of the jaw and is important for proper bite alignment and overall oral health. The dental arches are typically described as having a U-shaped appearance, with the front teeth forming a narrower section and the back teeth forming a wider section. The shape and size of the dental arch can vary from person to person, and any significant deviations from the typical shape or size may indicate an underlying orthodontic issue that requires treatment.

Dental materials are substances that are used in restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, endodontics, orthodontics, and preventive dentistry to restore or replace missing tooth structure, improve the function and esthetics of teeth, and protect the oral tissues from decay and disease. These materials can be classified into various categories based on their physical and chemical properties, including metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, cements, and alloys.

Some examples of dental materials include:

1. Amalgam: a metal alloy used for dental fillings that contains silver, tin, copper, and mercury. It is strong, durable, and resistant to wear but has been controversial due to concerns about the toxicity of mercury.
2. Composite: a tooth-colored restorative material made of a mixture of glass or ceramic particles and a bonding agent. It is used for fillings, veneers, and other esthetic dental treatments.
3. Glass ionomer cement: a type of cement used for dental restorations that releases fluoride ions and helps prevent tooth decay. It is often used for fillings in children's teeth or as a base under crowns and bridges.
4. Porcelain: a ceramic material used for dental crowns, veneers, and other esthetic restorations. It is strong, durable, and resistant to staining but can be brittle and prone to fracture.
5. Gold alloy: a metal alloy used for dental restorations that contains gold, copper, and other metals. It is highly biocompatible, corrosion-resistant, and malleable but can be expensive and less esthetic than other materials.
6. Acrylic resin: a type of polymer used for dental appliances such as dentures, night guards, and orthodontic retainers. It is lightweight, flexible, and easy to modify but can be less durable than other materials.

The choice of dental material depends on various factors, including the location and extent of the restoration, the patient's oral health status, their esthetic preferences, and their budget. Dental professionals must consider these factors carefully when selecting the appropriate dental material for each individual case.

Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that accumulates on the surface of the teeth, restorative materials, and prosthetic devices such as dentures. It is initiated when bacterial colonizers attach to the smooth surfaces of teeth through van der Waals forces and specific molecular adhesion mechanisms.

The microorganisms within the dental plaque produce extracellular polysaccharides that help to stabilize and strengthen the biofilm, making it resistant to removal by simple brushing or rinsing. Over time, if not regularly removed through oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing, dental plaque can mineralize and harden into tartar or calculus.

The bacteria in dental plaque can cause tooth decay (dental caries) by metabolizing sugars and producing acid that demineralizes the tooth enamel. Additionally, certain types of bacteria in dental plaque can cause periodontal disease, an inflammation of the gums that can lead to tissue damage and bone loss around the teeth. Regular professional dental cleanings and good oral hygiene practices are essential for preventing the buildup of dental plaque and maintaining good oral health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Polyurethanes" are not a medical term. They are a type of polymer that is used in a variety of industrial and consumer products, including foam cushions, insulation, and packaging materials. Polyurethanes are created through a chemical reaction between diisocyanates and polyols. While they have many applications in the medical field, such as in the production of medical devices and equipment, they are not a medical term themselves.

A dental office is a healthcare facility where dental professionals, such as dentists, oral surgeons, and orthodontists, provide various dental treatments and services to patients. These services may include routine check-ups, teeth cleaning, fillings, extractions, root canals, crowns, bridges, implants, and orthodontic treatments like braces.

Dental offices typically have examination rooms equipped with dental chairs, dental instruments, and X-ray machines to diagnose and treat dental issues. They may also have a reception area where patients can schedule appointments, make payments, and complete paperwork.

In addition to clinical services, dental offices may also provide patient education on oral hygiene practices, nutrition, and lifestyle habits that can affect dental health. Some dental offices may specialize in certain areas of dentistry, such as pediatric dentistry or cosmetic dentistry.

Dental records are a collection of detailed documentation related to a patient's dental history and treatment. These records typically include:

1. Patient demographics: This includes the patient's name, date of birth, contact information, and other identifying details.
2. Dental charts: These are graphic representations of the patient's teeth and gums, noting any existing restorations, decay, periodontal disease, or other oral health conditions.
3. Radiographs (x-rays): These images help dentists visualize structures that aren't visible during a clinical examination, such as between teeth, below the gum line, and inside the jaw bones.
4. Treatment plans: This includes proposed dental procedures, their estimated costs, and the rationale behind them.
5. Progress notes: These are ongoing records of each dental appointment, detailing the treatments performed, the patient's response to treatment, and any home care instructions given.
6. Medical history: This includes any systemic health conditions that could impact dental treatment, such as diabetes or heart disease, as well as medications being taken.
7. Consent forms: These are documents signed by the patient (or their legal guardian) giving permission for specific treatments.
8. Communication notes: Any correspondence between dental professionals regarding the patient's care.

Dental records play a crucial role in continuity of care, allowing dentists to track changes in a patient's oral health over time and make informed treatment decisions. They are also important for medicolegal reasons, providing evidence in case of malpractice claims or other disputes.

The term "dental staff" generally refers to the group of professionals who work together in a dental practice or setting to provide oral health care services to patients. The composition of a dental staff can vary depending on the size and type of the practice, but it typically includes:

1. Dentists: These are medical doctors who specialize in oral health. They diagnose and treat dental diseases, conditions, and disorders, and perform various procedures such as fillings, root canals, extractions, and crowns.
2. Dental Hygienists: These are licensed healthcare professionals who provide preventive dental care services to patients. They clean teeth, remove plaque and tartar, apply fluoride and sealants, take X-rays, and educate patients on proper oral hygiene practices.
3. Dental Assistants: These are trained professionals who assist dentists during procedures and perform various administrative tasks in a dental practice. They prepare patients for treatment, sterilize instruments, take impressions, and schedule appointments.
4. Front Office Staff: These are the receptionists, schedulers, and billing specialists who manage the administrative aspects of a dental practice. They handle patient inquiries, schedule appointments, process insurance claims, and maintain patient records.
5. Other Specialists: Depending on the needs of the practice, other dental professionals such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, endodontists, periodontists, or prosthodontists may also be part of the dental staff. These specialists have advanced training in specific areas of dentistry and provide specialized care to patients.

Overall, a well-functioning dental staff is essential for providing high-quality oral health care services to patients in a safe, efficient, and patient-centered manner.

Dental equipment refers to the various instruments and devices used by dental professionals to perform oral health examinations, diagnose dental conditions, and provide treatment to patients. Here are some examples:

1. Dental chair: A specially designed chair that allows patients to recline while receiving dental care.
2. Examination light: A bright light used to illuminate the oral cavity during examinations and procedures.
3. Dental mirror: A small, angled mirror used to help dentists see hard-to-reach areas of the mouth.
4. Explorer: A sharp instrument used to probe teeth for signs of decay or other dental problems.
5. Dental probe: A blunt instrument used to measure the depth of periodontal pockets and assess gum health.
6. Scaler: A handheld instrument or ultrasonic device used to remove tartar and calculus from teeth.
7. Suction device: A vacuum-like tool that removes saliva, water, and debris from the mouth during procedures.
8. Dental drill: A high-speed instrument used to remove decayed or damaged tooth structure and prepare teeth for fillings, crowns, or other restorations.
9. Rubber dam: A thin sheet of rubber used to isolate individual teeth during procedures, keeping them dry and free from saliva.
10. Dental X-ray machine: A device that uses radiation to capture images of the teeth and surrounding structures, helping dentists diagnose conditions such as decay, infection, and bone loss.
11. Curing light: A special light used to harden dental materials, such as composite fillings and crowns, after they have been placed in the mouth.
12. Air/water syringe: A handheld device that delivers a stream of air and water to clean teeth and rinse away debris during procedures.

Tooth erosion is defined as the progressive, irreversible loss of dental hard tissue, primarily caused by chemical dissolution from acids, rather than mechanical forces such as abrasion or attrition. These acids can originate from extrinsic sources like acidic foods and beverages, or intrinsic sources like gastric reflux or vomiting. The erosion process leads to a reduction in tooth structure, altering the shape and function of teeth, and potentially causing sensitivity, pain, and aesthetical concerns. Early detection and management of tooth erosion are crucial to prevent further progression and preserve dental health.

"General practice dentistry" is a term used to describe the provision of primary dental care to patients of all ages. A general practice dentist provides a wide range of dental services, including preventative care (such as cleanings and fluoride treatments), restorative care (fillings, crowns, bridges), endodontics (root canals), oral surgery (extractions), periodontics (treatment of gum disease), prosthodontics (dentures, implants), and orthodontics (braces). They also diagnose and manage dental diseases and provide advice on oral health. General practice dentists aim to provide comprehensive and continuous care to their patients, coordinating with other dental and medical professionals as needed.

Dental amalgam is a commonly used dental filling material that consists of a mixture of metals, including silver, tin, copper, and mercury. The mercury binds the other metals together to form a strong, durable, and stable restoration that is resistant to wear and tear. Dental amalgam has been used for over 150 years to fill cavities and repair damaged teeth, and it remains a popular choice among dentists due to its strength, durability, and affordability.

However, there has been some controversy surrounding the use of dental amalgam due to concerns about the potential health effects of mercury exposure. While the majority of scientific evidence suggests that dental amalgam is safe for most people, some individuals may be more sensitive to mercury and may experience adverse reactions. As a result, some dentists may recommend alternative filling materials, such as composite resin or gold, for certain patients.

Overall, dental amalgam is a safe and effective option for filling cavities and restoring damaged teeth, but it is important to discuss any concerns or questions with a qualified dental professional.

A dental assistant is a healthcare professional who works under the direction of a dentist and provides patient care, takes and develops x-rays, assists the dentist during procedures, performs infection control procedures, and helps with office management. They may also provide education to patients on oral hygiene and other dental health topics. Dental assistants must be trained and certified in many states and are an important part of the dental care team.

Continuing dental education (CDE) refers to the ongoing education and training that dentists and other oral health professionals engage in after completing their initial professional degrees. The purpose of CDE is to help these professionals stay current with advances in dental technology, research, and patient care so they can continue to provide the highest quality of care to their patients.

CDE programs may cover a wide range of topics, including new techniques for treating oral diseases, advances in dental materials and equipment, ethical issues in dental practice, and strategies for managing a successful dental practice. These programs may take many forms, such as lectures, workshops, seminars, online courses, or hands-on training sessions.

In most states, dentists are required to complete a certain number of CDE credits each year in order to maintain their licensure. This helps ensure that all dental professionals are up-to-date on the latest research and best practices in their field, which ultimately benefits patients by promoting better oral health outcomes.

Dental alloys are materials made by combining two or more metals to be used in dental restorations, such as crowns, bridges, fillings, and orthodontic appliances. These alloys can be classified into three main categories based on their composition:

1. Precious Alloys: Predominantly composed of precious metals like gold, platinum, palladium, and silver. They are highly corrosion-resistant, biocompatible, and durable, making them suitable for long-term use in dental restorations. Common examples include high noble (gold) alloys and noble alloys.
2. Base Metal Alloys: Contain primarily non-precious metals like nickel, chromium, cobalt, and beryllium. They are more affordable than precious alloys but may cause allergic reactions or sensitivities in some patients. Common examples include nickel-chromium alloys and cobalt-chromium alloys.
3. Castable Glass Ionomer Alloys: A combination of glass ionomer cement (GIC) powder and metal liquid, which can be cast into various dental restorations. They have the advantage of being both strong and adhesive to tooth structure but may not be as durable as other alloy types.

Each type of dental alloy has its unique properties and applications, depending on the specific clinical situation and patient needs. Dental professionals consider factors like cost, biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and esthetics when selecting an appropriate alloy for a dental restoration.

Dental anesthesia is a type of local or regional anesthesia that is specifically used in dental procedures to block the transmission of pain impulses from the teeth and surrounding tissues to the brain. The most common types of dental anesthesia include:

1. Local anesthesia: This involves the injection of a local anesthetic drug, such as lidocaine or prilocaine, into the gum tissue near the tooth that is being treated. This numbs the area and prevents the patient from feeling pain during the procedure.
2. Conscious sedation: This is a type of minimal sedation that is used to help patients relax during dental procedures. The patient remains conscious and can communicate with the dentist, but may not remember the details of the procedure. Common methods of conscious sedation include nitrous oxide (laughing gas) or oral sedatives.
3. Deep sedation or general anesthesia: This is rarely used in dental procedures, but may be necessary for patients who are extremely anxious or have special needs. It involves the administration of drugs that cause a state of unconsciousness and prevent the patient from feeling pain during the procedure.

Dental anesthesia is generally safe when administered by a qualified dentist or oral surgeon. However, as with any medical procedure, there are risks involved, including allergic reactions to the anesthetic drugs, nerve damage, and infection. Patients should discuss any concerns they have with their dentist before undergoing dental anesthesia.

Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that are surgically placed into the jawbone to replace missing or extracted teeth. They are typically made of titanium, a biocompatible material that can fuse with the bone over time in a process called osseointegration. Once the implant has integrated with the bone, a dental crown, bridge, or denture can be attached to it to restore function and aesthetics to the mouth.

Dental implants are a popular choice for tooth replacement because they offer several advantages over traditional options like dentures or bridges. They are more stable and comfortable, as they do not rely on adjacent teeth for support and do not slip or move around in the mouth. Additionally, dental implants can help to preserve jawbone density and prevent facial sagging that can occur when teeth are missing.

The process of getting dental implants typically involves several appointments with a dental specialist called a prosthodontist or an oral surgeon. During the first appointment, the implant is placed into the jawbone, and the gum tissue is stitched closed. Over the next few months, the implant will fuse with the bone. Once this process is complete, a second surgery may be necessary to expose the implant and attach an abutment, which connects the implant to the dental restoration. Finally, the crown, bridge, or denture is attached to the implant, providing a natural-looking and functional replacement for the missing tooth.

Dental polishing is a procedure in dentistry that is performed to smooth and clean the surfaces of teeth after professional dental cleaning (prophylaxis), restoration, or other dental treatments. It is usually done using a slow-speed handpiece with a soft, rubber cup attached to it, which holds a polishing paste or a slurry of pumice and water. The polishing paste may contain an abrasive agent, fluoride, or a flavoring agent. The dental professional moves the handpiece in a circular motion over the tooth surface to remove stains, plaque, and minor surface roughness, leaving the teeth smooth and shiny. Dental polishing helps to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar, reduce the risk of decay and gum disease, and improve the overall oral hygiene and aesthetics of the teeth.

Dentifrices are substances used in dental care for cleaning and polishing the teeth, and often include toothpastes, tooth powders, and gels. They typically contain a variety of ingredients such as abrasives, fluorides, humectants, detergents, flavorings, and sometimes medicaments like antimicrobial agents or desensitizing compounds. The primary purpose of dentifrices is to help remove dental plaque, food debris, and stains from the teeth, promoting oral hygiene and preventing dental diseases such as caries (cavities) and periodontal disease.

I'm happy to help! However, I must clarify that "materials testing" is not a medical term per se. It is a term used in various fields, including engineering and materials science, to describe the process of subjecting materials to different tests to evaluate their properties and performance under various conditions.

In the context of medical devices or implants, materials testing may refer to the evaluation of the physical and mechanical properties of materials used in their construction. These tests can include assessments of strength, durability, biocompatibility, and other factors that are critical to ensuring the safety and efficacy of medical devices.

Medical device manufacturers must comply with regulatory standards for materials testing to ensure that their products meet specific requirements for performance, safety, and quality. These standards may vary depending on the type of device, its intended use, and the country or region in which it will be marketed and sold.

Dental radiography is a specific type of imaging that uses radiation to produce detailed images of the teeth, bones, and soft tissues surrounding them. It is a crucial tool in dental diagnostics and treatment planning. There are several types of dental radiographs, including:

1. Intraoral Radiographs: These are taken inside the mouth and provide detailed images of individual teeth or small groups of teeth. They can help detect cavities, assess periodontal health, plan for restorations, and monitor tooth development in children. Common types of intraoral radiographs include bitewing, periapical, and occlusal radiographs.
2. Extraoral Radiographs: These are taken outside the mouth and provide images of larger areas, such as the entire jaw or skull. They can help diagnose issues related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), detect impacted teeth, assess bone health, and identify any abnormalities in the facial structure. Common types of extraoral radiographs include panoramic, cephalometric, and sialography radiographs.
3. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT): This is a specialized type of dental radiography that uses a cone-shaped X-ray beam to create detailed 3D images of the teeth, bones, and soft tissues. It is particularly useful in planning complex treatments such as dental implants, orthodontic treatment, and oral surgery.

Dental radiographs are typically taken using a specialized machine that emits a low dose of radiation. Patients are provided with protective lead aprons to minimize exposure to radiation. The frequency of dental radiographs depends on the patient's individual needs and medical history. Dentists follow strict guidelines to ensure that dental radiography is safe and effective for their patients.

Dental models are replicas of a patient's teeth and surrounding oral structures, used in dental practice and education. They are typically created using plaster or other materials that harden to accurately reproduce the shape and position of each tooth, as well as the contours of the gums and palate. Dental models may be used for a variety of purposes, including treatment planning, creating custom-fitted dental appliances, and teaching dental students about oral anatomy and various dental procedures. They provide a tactile and visual representation that can aid in understanding and communication between dentists, patients, and other dental professionals.

"Dental, Graduate Education" refers to the post-baccalaureate programs of study and training that lead to an advanced degree in the field of dentistry. These programs are designed to prepare students for specialized dental practice, research, or teaching careers. Examples of graduate dental degrees include:

1. Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS): A professional doctoral degree that qualifies the graduate to practice general dentistry.
2. Doctor of Medical Dentistry (DMD): A professional doctoral degree equivalent to the DDS; awarded by some universities in the United States and several other countries.
3. Master of Science (MS) in Dentistry: An academic master's degree focused on research, teaching, or advanced clinical practice in a specific dental discipline.
4. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Dental Sciences: A research-oriented doctoral degree that prepares students for careers in academia, research institutions, or the dental industry.
5. Specialty Training Programs: Postgraduate residency programs that provide advanced training in one of the nine recognized dental specialties, such as orthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, or pediatric dentistry. These programs typically lead to a certificate or a master's degree in the respective specialty area.

Graduate dental education usually involves a combination of classroom instruction, laboratory work, clinical experience, and research. Admission to these programs typically requires a DDS or DMD degree from an accredited dental school and satisfactory scores on the Dental Admission Test (DAT).

Dental ethics refers to the principles and rules that guide the conduct of dental professionals in their interactions with patients, colleagues, and society. These ethical standards are designed to promote trust, respect, and fairness in dental care, and they are often based on fundamental ethical principles such as autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice.

Autonomy refers to the patient's right to make informed decisions about their own health care, free from coercion or manipulation. Dental professionals have an obligation to provide patients with accurate information about their dental conditions and treatment options, so that they can make informed choices about their care.

Beneficence means acting in the best interests of the patient, and doing what is medically necessary and appropriate to promote their health and well-being. Dental professionals have a duty to provide high-quality care that meets accepted standards of practice, and to use evidence-based treatments that are likely to be effective.

Non-maleficence means avoiding harm to the patient. Dental professionals must take reasonable precautions to prevent injuries or complications during treatment, and they should avoid providing unnecessary or harmful treatments.

Justice refers to fairness and equity in the distribution of dental resources and services. Dental professionals have an obligation to provide care that is accessible, affordable, and culturally sensitive, and to advocate for policies and practices that promote health equity and social justice.

Dental ethics also encompasses issues related to patient confidentiality, informed consent, research integrity, professional competence, and boundary violations. Dental professionals are expected to adhere to ethical guidelines established by their professional organizations, such as the American Dental Association (ADA) or the British Dental Association (BDA), and to comply with relevant laws and regulations governing dental practice.

Air microbiology is the study of microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses, that are present in the air. These microorganisms can be suspended in the air as particles or carried within droplets of liquid, such as those produced when a person coughs or sneezes.

Air microbiology is an important field of study because it helps us understand how these microorganisms are transmitted and how they may affect human health. For example, certain airborne bacteria and fungi can cause respiratory infections, while airborne viruses can cause diseases such as the common cold and influenza.

Air microbiology involves various techniques for collecting and analyzing air samples, including culturing microorganisms on growth media, using molecular biology methods to identify specific types of microorganisms, and measuring the concentration of microorganisms in the air. This information can be used to develop strategies for controlling the spread of airborne pathogens and protecting public health.

A "Dental Service, Hospital" is a specialized department or unit within a hospital that provides comprehensive dental care services to patients. This type of service is typically equipped with advanced dental technology and staffed by oral health professionals such as dentists, oral surgeons, orthodontists, endodontists, periodontists, and dental hygienists.

The dental services offered in a hospital setting may include preventive care, restorative treatments, oral surgery, prosthodontics (dentures and implants), periodontal therapy, endodontic treatment (root canals), orthodontic treatment, and specialized care for patients with medical conditions that affect their oral health.

Hospital dental services often provide care to patients who require complex or extensive dental treatments, have medical conditions that make it difficult to receive dental care in a traditional dental office setting, or those who are recovering from surgery or other medical procedures. They may also provide emergency dental care for patients with severe dental pain, infection, or trauma.

In summary, a "Dental Service, Hospital" is a specialized unit within a hospital that provides comprehensive dental care services to patients, typically offering advanced technology and staffed by oral health professionals.

A dentist is a healthcare professional who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the oral cavity and maxillofacial region. This includes the teeth, gums, jaw, and related structures. Dentists are trained to provide a wide range of services, including:

1. Routine dental exams and cleanings
2. Fillings, crowns, and other restorative treatments
3. Root canals and extractions
4. Dental implants and dentures
5. Orthodontic treatment (braces, aligners)
6. Treatment of gum disease
7. Oral cancer screenings
8. Cosmetic dental procedures (teeth whitening, veneers)
9. Management of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)
10. Emergency dental care

To become a dentist, one must complete a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Medical Dentistry (DMD) degree from an accredited dental school and pass written and clinical exams to obtain licensure in their state. Many dentists also choose to specialize in a particular area of dentistry, such as orthodontics, oral surgery, or pediatric dentistry, by completing additional training and residency programs.

Dental porcelain is a type of biocompatible ceramic material that is commonly used in restorative and cosmetic dentistry to create tooth-colored restorations such as crowns, veneers, inlays, onlays, and bridges. It is made from a mixture of powdered porcelain and water, which is heated to high temperatures to form a hard, glass-like substance. Dental porcelain has several desirable properties for dental restorations, including:

1. High strength and durability: Dental porcelain is strong enough to withstand the forces of biting and chewing, making it suitable for use in load-bearing restorations such as crowns and bridges.
2. Natural appearance: Dental porcelain can be matched closely to the color, translucency, and texture of natural teeth, allowing for highly aesthetic restorations that blend seamlessly with the surrounding dentition.
3. Biocompatibility: Dental porcelain is biologically inert and does not cause adverse reactions or toxicity in the body, making it a safe choice for dental restorations.
4. Chemical resistance: Dental porcelain is resistant to staining and chemical attack from substances such as coffee, tea, red wine, and acidic foods and drinks.
5. Low thermal conductivity: Dental porcelain has low thermal conductivity, which means it does not transmit heat or cold readily, reducing the risk of temperature sensitivity in dental restorations.

Overall, dental porcelain is a versatile and reliable material for creating high-quality, natural-looking, and durable dental restorations.

A dental society is a professional organization composed of dentists who have come together to promote and advance the practice of dentistry. These societies can be local, regional, national or international in scope and may include general dentists as well as specialists in various fields of dentistry. The members of dental societies often engage in continuing education, advocacy, research, and community service activities to improve oral health and the delivery of dental care. Additionally, dental societies may establish guidelines for ethical practice and provide resources and support for their members.

Dental technology refers to the application of science and engineering in dentistry to prevent, diagnose, and treat dental diseases and conditions. It involves the use of various equipment, materials, and techniques to improve oral health and enhance the delivery of dental care. Some examples of dental technology include:

1. Digital radiography: This technology uses digital sensors instead of traditional X-ray films to produce images of the teeth and supporting structures. It provides higher quality images, reduces radiation exposure, and allows for easier storage and sharing of images.
2. CAD/CAM dentistry: Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology is used to design and fabricate dental restorations such as crowns, bridges, and veneers in a single appointment. This technology allows for more precise and efficient production of dental restorations.
3. Dental implants: These are artificial tooth roots that are placed into the jawbone to replace missing teeth. They provide a stable foundation for dental restorations such as crowns, bridges, and dentures.
4. Intraoral cameras: These are small cameras that can be inserted into the mouth to capture detailed images of the teeth and gums. These images can be used for diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient education.
5. Laser dentistry: Dental lasers are used to perform a variety of procedures such as cavity preparation, gum contouring, and tooth whitening. They provide more precise and less invasive treatments compared to traditional dental tools.
6. 3D printing: This technology is used to create dental models, surgical guides, and custom-made dental restorations. It allows for more accurate and efficient production of dental products.

Overall, dental technology plays a crucial role in modern dentistry by improving the accuracy, efficiency, and quality of dental care.

Dental health surveys are epidemiological studies that aim to assess the oral health status and related behaviors of a defined population at a particular point in time. These surveys collect data on various aspects of oral health, including the prevalence and severity of dental diseases such as caries (tooth decay), periodontal disease (gum disease), and oral cancer. They also gather information on factors that influence oral health, such as dietary habits, oral hygiene practices, access to dental care, and socioeconomic status.

The data collected in dental health surveys are used to identify trends and patterns in oral health, plan and evaluate public health programs and policies, and allocate resources for oral health promotion and disease prevention. Dental health surveys may be conducted at the local, regional, or national level, and they can target specific populations such as children, adolescents, adults, or older adults.

The methods used in dental health surveys include clinical examinations, interviews, questionnaires, and focus groups. Clinical examinations are conducted by trained dentists or dental hygienists who follow standardized protocols to assess the oral health status of participants. Interviews and questionnaires are used to collect information on demographic characteristics, oral health behaviors, and attitudes towards oral health. Focus groups can provide insights into the perceptions and experiences of participants regarding oral health issues.

Overall, dental health surveys play a critical role in monitoring and improving the oral health of populations and reducing oral health disparities.

Tooth attrition is a type of wear on the teeth that results from normal dental occlusal forces during biting, chewing, and grinding of food. It involves the loss of tooth structure by mechanical forces and is typically seen as a flattening or reduction in the vertical height of the crowns of teeth.

Attrition differs from other types of tooth wear such as abrasion (which is caused by external factors like toothbrush bristles, toothpaste, or habitual pen/pencil biting), erosion (which is caused by chemical dissolution of tooth structure due to acid exposure), and abfraction (which is caused by flexural forces leading to cervical lesions).

While some degree of attrition is considered a normal part of the aging process, excessive attrition can lead to dental sensitivity, aesthetic concerns, and even affect the functionality of the teeth and overall oral health. Dental professionals may recommend various treatments such as fillings, crowns, or even orthodontic interventions to manage the consequences of severe tooth attrition.

Dental fluorosis is a developmental disturbance of dental enamel caused by excessive exposure to fluoride during tooth development. It is characterized by hypomineralization of the enamel, resulting in various appearances ranging from barely noticeable white spots to brown staining and pitting of the teeth. The severity depends on the amount, duration, and timing of fluoride intake, as well as individual susceptibility. Mild dental fluorosis is typically asymptomatic but can affect the appearance of teeth, while severe cases may cause tooth sensitivity and increased susceptibility to tooth decay.

Dental licensure is the process by which a state or jurisdiction grants a dental professional the authority to practice dentistry within its borders. In order to obtain a dental license, individuals must meet certain education, examination, and other requirements established by the licensing body. These requirements typically include graduation from an accredited dental school, passing written and clinical examinations, and completion of continuing education courses.

The purpose of dental licensure is to protect the public by ensuring that dental professionals have the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to provide safe and effective dental care. Licensing boards are responsible for enforcing standards of practice and disciplining dentists who engage in unprofessional or unethical conduct.

It's important to note that dental licensure requirements may vary from state to state, so it's essential for dental professionals to familiarize themselves with the specific requirements of the state(s) in which they intend to practice.

An air embolism is a medical condition that occurs when one or more air bubbles enter the bloodstream and block or obstruct blood vessels. This can lead to various symptoms depending on the severity and location of the obstruction, including shortness of breath, chest pain, confusion, stroke, or even death.

Air embolisms can occur in a variety of ways, such as during certain medical procedures (e.g., when air is accidentally introduced into a vein or artery), trauma to the lungs or blood vessels, scuba diving, or mountain climbing. Treatment typically involves administering oxygen and supportive care, as well as removing the source of the air bubbles if possible. In severe cases, hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be used to help reduce the size of the air bubbles and improve outcomes.

Dental laboratories are specialized facilities where dental technicians create and manufacture various dental restorations and appliances based on the specific measurements, models, and instructions provided by dentists. These custom-made dental products are designed to restore or replace damaged, missing, or decayed teeth, improve oral function, and enhance the overall appearance of a patient's smile.

Some common dental restorations and appliances produced in dental laboratories include:

1. Dental crowns: Artificial caps that cover and protect damaged or weakened teeth, often made from ceramics, porcelain, metal alloys, or a combination of materials.
2. Dental bridges: Fixed or removable appliances used to replace one or more missing teeth by connecting artificial teeth (pontics) to adjacent natural teeth or dental implants.
3. Dentures: Removable prosthetic devices that replace all or most of the upper and/or lower teeth, providing improved chewing function, speech clarity, and aesthetics.
4. Orthodontic appliances: Devices used to correct malocclusions (improper bites) and misaligned teeth, such as traditional braces, clear aligners, palatal expanders, and retainers.
5. Custom dental implant components: Specialized parts designed for specific implant systems, which are used in conjunction with dental implants to replace missing teeth permanently.
6. Night guards and occlusal splints: Protective devices worn during sleep to prevent or manage bruxism (teeth grinding) and temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD).
7. Anti-snoring devices: Mandibular advancement devices that help reduce snoring by holding the lower jaw in a slightly forward position, preventing airway obstruction during sleep.
8. Dental whitening trays: Custom-fitted trays used to hold bleaching gel against tooth surfaces for professional teeth whitening treatments.
9. Specialty restorations: Including aesthetic veneers, inlays, onlays, and other customized dental solutions designed to meet specific patient needs.

Dental laboratories may be standalone facilities or part of a larger dental practice. They are typically staffed by skilled technicians who specialize in various aspects of dental technology, such as ceramics, orthodontics, implantology, and prosthodontics. Collaboration between dentists, dental specialists, and laboratory technicians ensures the highest quality results for patients undergoing restorative or cosmetic dental treatments.

Foreign bodies in the eye refer to any object or particle that is not normally present in the eye and becomes lodged in it. These foreign bodies can range from small particles like sand or dust to larger objects such as metal shavings or glass. They can cause irritation, pain, redness, watering, and even vision loss if they are not removed promptly and properly.

The symptoms of an eye foreign body may include:

* A feeling that something is in the eye
* Pain or discomfort in the eye
* Redness or inflammation of the eye
* Watering or tearing of the eye
* Sensitivity to light
* Blurred vision or difficulty seeing

If you suspect that you have a foreign body in your eye, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. An eye care professional can examine your eye and determine the best course of treatment to remove the foreign body and prevent any further damage to your eye.

Dental stress analysis is a method used in dentistry to evaluate the amount and distribution of forces that act upon teeth and surrounding structures during biting, chewing, or other functional movements. This analysis helps dental professionals identify areas of excessive stress or strain that may lead to dental problems such as tooth fracture, mobility, or periodontal (gum) disease. By identifying these areas, dentists can develop treatment plans to reduce the risk of dental issues and improve overall oral health.

Dental stress analysis typically involves the use of specialized equipment, such as strain gauges, T-scan occlusal analysis systems, or finite element analysis software, to measure and analyze the forces that act upon teeth during various functional movements. The results of the analysis can help dentists determine the best course of treatment, which may include adjusting the bite, restoring damaged teeth with crowns or fillings, or fabricating custom-made oral appliances to redistribute the forces evenly across the dental arch.

Overall, dental stress analysis is an important tool in modern dentistry that helps dental professionals diagnose and treat dental problems related to occlusal (bite) forces, ensuring optimal oral health and function for their patients.

Dental specialties are recognized areas of expertise in dental practice that require additional training and education beyond the general dentist degree. The American Dental Association (ADA) recognizes nine dental specialties:

1. Dental Public Health: This specialty focuses on preventing oral diseases and promoting oral health through population-level interventions, research, and policy development.
2. Endodontics: Endodontists are experts in diagnosing and treating tooth pain and performing root canal treatments to save infected or damaged teeth.
3. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: This specialty involves the diagnosis and management of diseases that affect the oral cavity, jaws, and face, using clinical, radiographic, and microscopic examination techniques.
4. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Oral and maxillofacial radiologists use advanced imaging technologies to diagnose and manage conditions affecting the head and neck region.
5. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Oral surgeons perform surgical procedures on the face, jaws, and mouth, including tooth extractions, jaw alignment surgeries, and cancer treatments.
6. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics: Orthodontists specialize in diagnosing and treating dental and facial irregularities, using appliances such as braces and aligners to straighten teeth and correct bite problems.
7. Pediatric Dentistry: Pediatric dentists are trained to care for the oral health needs of children, including those with special health care needs.
8. Periodontics: Periodontists diagnose and treat gum diseases, place dental implants, and perform surgical procedures to regenerate lost tissue and bone support around teeth.
9. Prosthodontics: Prosthodontists are experts in replacing missing teeth and restoring damaged or worn-out teeth using crowns, bridges, dentures, and implant-supported restorations.

Dental fees refer to the charges that dentists or dental professionals bill for their services, procedures, or treatments. These fees can vary based on several factors such as:

1. Location: Dental fees may differ depending on the region or country where the dental practice is located due to differences in cost of living and local market conditions.
2. Type of procedure: The complexity and duration of a dental treatment will impact the fee charged for that service. For example, a simple teeth cleaning will have a lower fee compared to more complex procedures like root canals or dental implants.
3. Dental professional's expertise and experience: Highly skilled and experienced dentists may charge higher fees due to their superior level of knowledge and proficiency in performing various dental treatments.
4. Type of dental practice: Fees for dental services at a private practice may differ from those charged by a community health center or non-profit organization.
5. Dental insurance coverage: The amount of coverage provided by a patient's dental insurance plan can also affect the final out-of-pocket cost for dental care, which in turn influences the fees that dentists charge.

Dental fee schedules are typically established by individual dental practices based on these factors and may be periodically updated to reflect changes in costs or market conditions. Patients should consult their dental providers to understand the specific fees associated with any recommended treatments or procedures.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "toothpastes" is the plural form of "toothpaste," which is not a medical condition or procedure that requires a definition. However, I can provide you with some information about toothpaste.

Toothpaste is a dental hygiene product used to clean and maintain the health of teeth and gums. It generally contains mild abrasives, flavoring, and fluoride to help remove plaque, prevent tooth decay, and freshen breath. There are various types of toothpastes available on the market, including those formulated for sensitive teeth, whitening, gum health, and tartar control. It is essential to choose a toothpaste that meets your specific dental needs and has the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance, ensuring its safety and effectiveness.

In the context of medical terminology, "hardness" is not a term that has a specific or standardized definition. It may be used in various ways to describe the firmness or consistency of a tissue, such as the hardness of an artery or tumor, but it does not have a single authoritative medical definition.

In some cases, healthcare professionals may use subjective terms like "hard," "firm," or "soft" to describe their tactile perception during a physical examination. For example, they might describe the hardness of an enlarged liver or spleen by comparing it to the feel of their knuckles when gently pressed against the abdomen.

However, in other contexts, healthcare professionals may use more objective measures of tissue stiffness or elasticity, such as palpation durometry or shear wave elastography, which provide quantitative assessments of tissue hardness. These techniques can be useful for diagnosing and monitoring conditions that affect the mechanical properties of tissues, such as liver fibrosis or cancer.

Therefore, while "hardness" may be a term used in medical contexts to describe certain physical characteristics of tissues, it does not have a single, universally accepted definition.

A dental technician is a healthcare professional who designs, fabricates, and repairs custom-made dental devices, such as dentures, crowns, bridges, orthodontic appliances, and implant restorations. They work closely with dentists and other oral health professionals to meet the individual needs of each patient. Dental technicians typically have an associate's degree or certificate in dental technology and may be certified by a professional organization. Their work requires a strong understanding of dental materials, fabrication techniques, and the latest advances in dental technology.

Practice management in dentistry refers to the administration and operation of a dental practice. It involves various aspects such as:

1. Business Operations: This includes financial management, billing and coding, human resources, and office management.

2. Patient Care: This includes scheduling appointments, managing patient records, treatment planning, and ensuring quality care.

3. Marketing and Promotion: This includes advertising the practice, attracting new patients, and maintaining relationships with existing ones.

4. Compliance: This includes adhering to laws and regulations related to dental practices, such as HIPAA for patient privacy and OSHA for workplace safety.

5. Continuous Improvement: This involves regularly assessing the practice's performance, implementing changes to improve efficiency and effectiveness, and keeping up-to-date with advancements in dentistry and healthcare management.

The goal of dental practice management is to ensure the smooth running of the practice, provide high-quality patient care, and maintain a successful and profitable business.

The dental sac, also known as the dental follicle, is a soft tissue structure that surrounds the developing tooth crown during odontogenesis, which is the process of tooth development. It is derived from the ectoderm and mesenchyme of the embryonic oral cavity. The dental sac gives rise to several important structures associated with the tooth, including the periodontal ligament, cementum, and the alveolar bone that surrounds and supports the tooth in the jaw.

The dental sac plays a critical role in tooth development by regulating the mineralization of the tooth crown and providing a protective environment for the developing tooth. It also contains cells called odontoblasts, which are responsible for producing dentin, one of the hard tissues that make up the tooth. Abnormalities in the development or growth of the dental sac can lead to various dental anomalies, such as impacted teeth, dilacerated roots, and other developmental disorders.

Methacrylates are a group of chemical compounds that contain the methacrylate functional group, which is a vinyl group (CH2=CH-) with a carbonyl group (C=O) at the β-position. This structure gives them unique chemical and physical properties, such as low viscosity, high reactivity, and resistance to heat and chemicals.

In medical terms, methacrylates are used in various biomedical applications, such as dental restorative materials, bone cements, and drug delivery systems. For example, methacrylate-based resins are commonly used in dentistry for fillings, crowns, and bridges due to their excellent mechanical properties and adhesion to tooth structures.

However, there have been concerns about the potential toxicity of methacrylates, particularly their ability to release monomers that can cause allergic reactions, irritation, or even mutagenic effects in some individuals. Therefore, it is essential to use these materials with caution and follow proper handling and safety protocols.

Dental veneers, also known as dental porcelain laminates or just veneers, are thin custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve their appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth, changing their color, shape, size, or length.

Dental veneers can be made from porcelain or resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers are more stain-resistant and generally last longer than resin veneers. They also better mimic the light-reflecting properties of natural teeth. Resin veneers, on the other hand, are thinner and require less removal of the tooth's surface before placement.

Dental veneers are often used to treat dental conditions like discolored teeth, worn down teeth, chipped or broken teeth, misaligned teeth, irregularly shaped teeth, or gaps between teeth. The procedure usually requires three visits to the dentist: one for consultation and treatment planning, another to prepare the tooth and take an impression for the veneer, and a final visit to bond the veneer to the tooth.

It is important to note that while dental veneers can greatly improve the appearance of your teeth, they are not suitable for everyone. Your dentist will evaluate your oral health and discuss whether dental veneers are the right option for you.

Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the examination, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity (mouth), including the teeth, gums, and other supporting structures. Dentists use a variety of treatments and procedures to help patients maintain good oral health and prevent dental problems from developing or worsening. These may include:

* Routine cleanings and checkups to remove plaque and tartar and detect any potential issues early on
* Fillings, crowns, and other restorative treatments to repair damaged teeth
* Root canal therapy to treat infected or inflamed tooth pulp
* Extractions of severely decayed or impacted teeth
* Dentures, bridges, and implants to replace missing teeth
* Orthodontic treatment to align crooked or misaligned teeth
* Treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders and other issues affecting the jaw and surrounding muscles

Dental health is an important part of overall health and well-being. Poor oral health has been linked to a variety of systemic conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections. Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene practices can help prevent these and other dental problems from developing.

Tooth wear Attrition Erosion Abfraction Bruxism Air abrasion López-Frías FJ, Castellanos-Cosano L, Martín-González J, Llamas- ... If abrasion is the result of an ill-fitting dental appliance, this should be corrected or replaced by a dental practitioner and ... Evidence suggest there is a decrease in the effect of dental abrasion with dental erosion when fluoride varnish is applied onto ... are subjected to higher risks of abrasion. The aetiology of dental abrasion can be due to a single stimulus or, as in most ...
Abrasion (dental) Dental laser Minimal intervention dentistry Air-powder polishing "Air Abrasion: Dental Care Without the Drill ... Black and S.S. White Dental Manufacturing Co. released the first commercial dental air abrasion system, the Airdent air ... Air abrasion is a dental technique that uses compressed air to propel a thin stream of abrasive particles-often aluminum oxide ... The New Air Abrasion Technology". Indian Journal of Dental Advancements. National Academy of Dentistry. 03 (3): 598-601. doi: ...
Micro-abrasion: allows a dental professional to make use of an instrument which emits a powder, water and compressed air to ... Dental Materials. 20 (9): 852-861. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2004.04.002. ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451241. American Dental Association ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. Bleaching is ... Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a clear biofilm of bacteria that naturally forms in the mouth, particularly along the gumline, ...
... a dental laser, or through air abrasion (or in the case of atraumatic restorative treatment, hand instruments), to make space ... Medicine portal Dental curing light Dental dam Dental fear Dental braces Dental treatment Fixed prosthodontics Gold teeth Oral ... The composition of dental amalgam is controlled by the ISO Standard for dental amalgam alloy (ISO 1559). The major components ... Dental implants are anchors placed in bone, usually made from titanium or titanium alloy. They can support dental restorations ...
They may also consist of abrasive particles that are expelled during air abrasion and polishing methods. Dental aerosols ... A dental aerosol is an aerosol that is produced from dental instrument, dental handpieces, three-way syringes, and other high- ... Dental aerosols also have micro-particles from dental burs, and silica particles which are one of the components of dental ... Air turbine dental handpieces generally produce more aerosol, with electric micromotor handpieces producing less, although this ...
Laser scalpel Laser surgery Soft-tissue laser surgery Air abrasion Lewis, Ph.D., Ricki (January 1995). "Lasers in Dentistry". ... Use of the dental laser remains limited, with cost and effectiveness being the primary barriers. The cost of a dental laser ... the use of dental lasers is associated with less vibration and a more favorable noise profile when compared to pneumatic dental ... A dental laser is a type of laser designed specifically for use in oral surgery or dentistry. In the United States, the use of ...
Assisting the SEOC were agencies including the National Weather Service, the Air Force, the Civil Air Patrol, and the American ... A team of 24 identified the victims using full-body X-rays, dental examinations, fingerprinting, blood tests, and DNA testing. ... The majority of the injuries were abrasions, severe burns, and bone fractures. McVeigh later acknowledged the casualties, ... Six of the victims were U.S. military personnel; two were members of the U.S. Army; two were members of the U.S. Air Force, and ...
Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument. Chemical - acids, e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental treatments. ... dental abrasion), or a sign of chronic periodontitis (gum disease). A less common cause is acid erosion, which is the loss of ... cold air, coolant water jet from a dental instrument. Electrical - electric pulp testers. Mechanical-tactile - dental probe ... The examination includes a pain provocation test by blasting air from a dental instrument onto the sensitive area, or gentle ...
These include dental laser systems, air abrasion devices (devices that combine small abrasive particles with pressurized air, ... "Dental drills - enemy of the people?" from the British Dental Association museum Australian Dental Journal:1 p59-62 Dental ... The modern incarnation of the dental drill is the air turbine (or air rotor) contra-angle handpiece, where the shaft of the ... A dental drill or dental handpiece is a hand-held, mechanical instrument used to perform a variety of common dental procedures ...
Dental remains from the Italian Visogliano and Fontana Ranuccio sites indicate that Neanderthal dental features had evolved by ... Neanderthals likely considered air circulation when making hearths as a lack of proper ventilation for a single hearth can ... It could also have evolved to fit larger teeth in the jaw, which would better resist wear and abrasion, and the increased wear ... Neanderthal dental wear patterns are most similar to those of modern Inuit. The incisors are large and shovel-shaped, and, ...
Wynne adopted Smoky while he was serving with the 5th Air Force in the Pacific. Pasha, Tricia Nixon Cox's pet Yorkie, lived in ... Like other small breeds, Yorkies are also prone to severe dental disease. Because they have a small jaw, their teeth can become ... Distichiae can irritate the eye and cause tearing, squinting, inflammation, corneal abrasions or corneal ulcers, and scarring. ... "Smoky 'Corporal Smoky' United States Army/Air Corps". PatsyAnn.com. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 15 ...
"Industrial Air Permits - New Clean Air Regulations And Baghouses". Baghouse.com. 28 May 2012. Brown, DDS, Dennis E. (January ... PTFE is used for some types of dental floss. PTFE can also be used when placing dental fillings, to isolate the contacts of the ... PTFE can also be reinforced where abrasion is present - for equipment processing seeded or grainy dough for example. PTFE has ... PTFE membrane filters are among the most efficient industrial air filters. PTFE-coated filters are often used in dust ...
This gives a dental formula of, for a total of 20 teeth. The slender incisors are prominent and distinctive, ... This can injure the roots and expose them to air, causing them to dry out. Subterranean activity can also damage the roots of ... smooth with yellow surface enamel and white tips due to soil abrasion. These distinctive, large, protuberant upper incisors ...
... which is a tube or syringe used to deliver air or water under pressure. A rubber dam can also protect patients' airways. It ... damage to the periodontal ligament or abrasion of the cementum on the root of the tooth, which may cause an uneven surface on ... dental restorations, endodontic treatments including root canal therapy, fissure sealants, preparation of dental crown, dental ... Dental dams are also used for safer oral sex. The technique used to apply the dental dam is selected according to the tooth ...
The most popular example is the dental sealant. In the past, the process of placing dental sealants involved removing enamel in ... The recommended dosage of fluoride in drinking water does not depend on air temperature. Some groups have spoken out against ... Other nonbacterial processes of enamel destruction include abrasion (involving foreign elements, such as toothbrushes), erosion ... Mineralization of the incipient lesion instead of restoration later is a prime goal of most dental professionals. Most dental ...
... is thought to have had a dental formula of I6.C1.M3, with 6 incisors, 1 canine, and 3 postcanines in either side ... A slanting ridge along the middle of the palatine presumably supported a soft palate, which allowed air to travel between the ... They had smooth cutting surfaces, and, unlike those of other therocephalians, lacked facets or striae resulting from abrasion ...
Chinoy, Mike (25 May 2002). "All 225 feared dead in Taiwan air crash". CNN. Retrieved 11 November 2014. "前立委游日正改行程 搭上死亡班機" [ ... significant back abrasions, and pelvic injuries. Most of the bodies were nearly intact except, in some cases, for fractured ... dental examinations, and through DNA testing. Only the three recovered flight crew member bodies were autopsied. The victims' ... "Taiwan's Tragic Air Crash Kills 225 People". People's Daily. 26 May 2002. Retrieved 3 November 2014. "In-Flight Breakup Over ...
Minor abrasions generally do not scar, but deeper abrasions generally bleed and may scar. Lastly, sports-related lacerations ... The athlete often will report sensitivity to air, cold or touch, but the athlete can return to play as tolerated and referral ... Types of hard tissue injuries can include dental and bone injuries and are less frequent than soft tissue injuries in sport, ... Abrasions are superficial injuries to the skin no deeper than the epidermis tissue layer, and bleeding, if present, is minimal ...
... toothpaste and toothbrush companies and in dental texts". British Dental Journal. 217 (3): E5. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.651. ... A 2012 literature review found that bacteria survive on toothbrushes over 24 hours in moist conditions, less so when air-dried ... Dentists consider the extra abrasion of dentin from brushing multiple times per day to be insignificant, since modern ... Current evidence of mouthwashes on dental biofilm and gingivitis". The Japanese Dental Science Review. 55 (1): 33-40. doi: ...
Initially Air New Zealand managed to avoid cancellations by flying their aircraft at lower altitudes (20,000 feet) in order to ... Severe dental fluorosis in juvenile deer linked to a recent volcanic eruption in Patagonia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 49(2 ... Ashes did not cause any significant abrasion of the canopy. Ash poses a significant threat to aircraft because once sucked into ... Three Falkland Islands air links with the United Kingdom were merged onto one aircraft. Allocation operated according to a ...
Corneal abrasions are a common injury caused by contact with foreign objects. The eye can also be injured by a foreign object ... Oral injuries may occur in the soft tissue of the face, the hard tissue of the mandible, or as dental trauma. The ear is ... Breathing is evaluated by evaluating motion of the chest wall and checking for blood or air in the pleural cavity. Circulation ... Tears and abrasions to the vagina are common during sexual intercourse, and these may be exacerbated in instances of non- ...
Air-powder polishing is used with a specially designed handpiece. This device is called Prophy-jet. It delivers an air-powder ... Dental tape is used for polishing the proximal surfaces of teeth that are inaccessible to other polishing instruments. It is ... Risk of generating frictional heat, and increased abrasion to the tooth surface may result from increased contact time, ... This has placed dental professionals into an ethical dilemma on whether or not this service should be provided. Many factors ...
Veloz found that a lower pressure of air is needed than the other varieties, though still a large quantity of air is required ... Some tools used in this scenario are: "glass-fiber brushes, painting brushes, dental picks, a pin held in a pin vice, wooden ... and produce a metallurgically clean surface without abrasion. Unwanted scale, accretions and corrosion products are shattered ... Using walnut shells as an air abrasive was developed as a gentler form of cleaning than sand-blasting or glass bead peening. ...
1998 Dental casting alloys with noble metal content of at least 25 % but less than 75 % [Withdrawn: replaced with ISO 22674] ... low air pressure [Withdrawn: replaced by ISO 9022-23:2016] ISO 9022-6:2015 Dust ISO 9022-23:2016 Low pressure combined with ... Minimum requirements for spectacle lens surfaces claimed to be abrasion-resistant ISO 8999:2001 Reciprocating internal ... Graphical symbols for dental equipment ISO 9688:1990 Mechanical vibration and shock - Analytical methods of assessing shock ...
... which may cause genital sores and abrasions as well as priapism in men. Methamphetamine may also cause sores and abrasions in ... Hussain F, Frare RW, Py Berrios KL (2012). "Drug abuse identification and pain management in dental patients: a case study and ... The product delivers in every 800 milliliters of air 0.04 to 0.150 milligrams of levmetamfetamine. {{cite encyclopedia}}: , ... According to the American Dental Association, meth mouth "is probably caused by a combination of drug-induced psychological and ...
Daniel Gray began work in 1932 on one of the first commercial uses for indium: adding it as a dental alloy. Small quantities of ... Samuel R. Brentnall, Production Engineering Section of the U.S. Army Air Corps, presented Dr. Murray with the Army-Navy ... 1.50 to provide abrasion and corrosion resistance for an aircraft's main bearing. In a piece for Aircraft Engineering and ... of Buffalo in his study "Use of Indium in Dental Alloys" for "their assistance in the preparation of pure indium, the special ...
Moynihan, P. J. (23 November 2002). "Dietary advice in dental practice". British Dental Journal. 193 (10): 563-568. doi:10.1038 ... Particles often can be located by their emission of smoke when air strikes them, or by their phosphorescence in the dark. In ... When struck, small amounts of abrasion from match head and striker strip are mixed intimately to make a small quantity of ... Robert Boyle in the 1680s ascribed it to "debilitation" of the air. Actually, it is oxygen being consumed. By the 18th century ...
... since any dental work is likely to fail in the long term. Dental implants, dental ceramics such as Emax crowns and complex ... However, the fact that the cavities are V-shaped does not suggest that the damage is caused by toothbrush abrasion, and that ... Polysomnography may involve electroencephalography, electromyography, electrocardiography, air flow monitoring and audio-video ... Occlusal splints (also termed dental guards) are commonly prescribed, mainly by dentists and dental specialists, as a treatment ...
... dental clinic. Rajesh stated that two days before the murders, he had reprimanded Thadarai for making an incorrect dental cast ... The body was lying on the left of the roof entrance near the external unit of the air conditioner (AC), and was covered by a ... Hemraj's body had been dragged at least 20 feet on the terrace after his death, as evident by a blood trail and abrasion- ... Rajesh Talwar taught at the ITS Dental College from 8:45 am to 3:30 pm and then attended patients at the clinic until 8:30 pm. ...
In general, the dental structure of Notiomastodon was characterized by a basal pattern, which was more similar to that of ... The teeth exhibit a high number of nicks and scratches, which is consistent with similar abrasion marks on the teeth of extant ... Both domes were formed by the air-filled chambers of the neurocranium. These were larger than in Gomphotherium. The forehead ... According to dental studies, the group consisted of 14.9% juveniles (0 to 12 years of age), 23.0% near-adult individuals (13 to ...
Tiny cracks and imperfections on a tooth can be fixed using air abrasion. Although air abrasion is not suitable for work on ... Air abrasion leaves behind a gritty feeling in your mouth, which is simply rinsed away almost instantaneously using a small ... A relatively new technique called air abrasion uses powerful particles of aluminum oxide to remove debris and decay. The most ... Welcome to Bellevue Premier Dental, the home of top-end dental care in Bellevue and Redmond, WA. ...
Worldwide distributor of dental and medical healthcare products, services and supplies ... BA Ultimate Air Polisher Bien Air BA720B 205844 , BA International - Non-Stock Item, Non returnable unless faulty or sent in ... BA Ultimate Air Polisher Black Bien Air Fit BA720 219159 , BA International - ... Aura Air Polishing Perio Set PF-60N NSK KX226662 , W&H (UK) Ltd - 08020781 Non-Stock Item, Non returnable unless faulty or sent ...
Lovers Lane Dental Associates providing professional dental care. Dr. Celeste Latham and Dr. Chi Trieu are Dallas Dentists, ... Air Abrasion Air Abrasion. Many people associate the high-pitched whirring of a dental drill with pain. Just the sound alone ... Tiny cracks and imperfections on a tooth can be fixed using air abrasion. Although air abrasion is not suitable for work on ... The most exciting thing for patients is that air abrasion is painless and, in some cases, doesnt require an anesthetic.. Air ...
Contact Cambridge Dental, PC today at (718) 857-5400 or visit our office servicing Brooklyn, New York ... As with many dental procedures, air abrasion is not necessarily suitable for every person. The best candidates for air abrasion ... Air Abrasion. Air abrasion is a new micro-dentistry technique that is used to treat tooth decay and prepare teeth for ... but air abrasion has proven to be a noiseless, heatless, minimally invasive alternative. Air abrasion is similar to ...
Cheap Dental Air Abrasion Handpiece Polishing Intraoral Sandblasting Scaler for Teeth Cleaning from china at dentalsalemall.com ... Dental Air Polisher - Air Polisher Nozzle - Dental Air Prophy Dental Implant Machine - Dental Implant Motor - Implant Stability ... Dental Water Bottle Dental Handpiece - Dental Electric Motor - Dental Prophy Handpiece - Dental Air Motor - Dental Turbine ... Dental 3-Way Air Syringe - Dental 3-Way Air Syringe Tip Dental X Rays Equipment - Dental X Ray Sensor - Phosphor Plate Scanner ...
Caregiversperceptions of predictors of childrens dental fear and acceptance of the use of air abrasion. Rev. Bras. Odontol. [ ... The purpose this article is to evaluate the caregiversperception of predictors of dental fear and acceptance of use a new ... The data were about dental fear/ apprehension; knowledge and importance of new studies and permission to use new technologies. ... Keywords : child; dental anxiety; dental air abrasion.. · abstract in Portuguese · text in Portuguese · pdf in Portuguese ...
Tooth wear Attrition Erosion Abfraction Bruxism Air abrasion López-Frías FJ, Castellanos-Cosano L, Martín-González J, Llamas- ... If abrasion is the result of an ill-fitting dental appliance, this should be corrected or replaced by a dental practitioner and ... Evidence suggest there is a decrease in the effect of dental abrasion with dental erosion when fluoride varnish is applied onto ... are subjected to higher risks of abrasion. The aetiology of dental abrasion can be due to a single stimulus or, as in most ...
Learn about conscious sedation, IV sedation, dental anesthesia, dental health and how to sleep through your next dental ... Find a sedation dentist in your area with cost saving offers and dental patient financing options for adults and teens. ... Find a local dentist near you for the comfortable anxiety free dental care youve always wanted. ... What you need to know about dental health. ... Air Abrasion: High-speed delivery of blasting particles to a ...
... preventative dental procedure using plastic coatings that are bonded to the back teeth in order to protect them from plaque and ... The surface of the tooth will be thoroughly cleaned using a brush, dental drill or air abrasion. A gel or roughing solution is ... Sealants and At Home Dental Care. Dental sealants do not mean that the wearer now no longer has to brush or floss their teeth. ... Dental sealants are very thin slivers of plastic resin that are used to cover the back teeth and prevent both decay and ...
Air abrasion: the application of a mixture of small abrasive particles by air blast to prepare a cavity in a tooth or remove ... Ventilation: the process of supplying and removing air by natural or mechanical means to and from any space; such air may be ... Infection Prevention & Control in Dental Settingsplus icon *Summary of Infection Prevention Practices in Dental Settingsplus ... Dental treatment water: nonsterile water used for dental therapeutic purposes, including irrigation of nonsurgical operative ...
Dental Handiece 1:1 Standard Contra Angle. Latch type contra angle.Used with mounted polishers, Lightweight aluminum. Easy ... Dental X-Ray Manikin Simulator * Dental X-Ray Manikin Simulator * Dental X-Ray Manikin Simulator ... Dental X-Ray Training Simulators * Dental Patient Education Posters Displays * Dental Oral Anesthesia Simulator Tooth ... Dental Air Driven Hand-Piece 1:1 Contra Angle. Dental Hand-Piece. ...
Discover the Benefits of Air Abrasion for Gentle and Precise Dental Treatments at Roper Dental . Schedule Your Appointment Now ... Can air abrasion be used for all dental treatments? While air abrasion is a versatile technique, it may not be suitable for all ... Air abrasion is a dental technique that uses a stream of tiny abrasive particles, propelled by compressed air, to gently remove ... Roper Dental Group is proud to offer air-abrasion dental treatment as a safe and effective alternative to traditional drilling ...
Acid Etching, Dental/methods, Air Abrasion, Dental, Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry, Composite Resins/chemistry, ... Analysis of Variance, Dental Bonding, Dental Enamel, Dental Etching/methods, Dental Stress Analysis, Humans, Materials Testing ... Cyanoacrylates/chemistry, Dental Bonding, Dental Enamel, Dental Porcelain/chemistry, Humans, Hydrofluoric Acid/chemistry, ... A single air dive reduces arterial endothelial function in man 2005 Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian ...
As with many dental procedures, air abrasion is not necessarily suitable for every person. The best candidates for air abrasion ... Air Abrasion Air abrasion is a new micro-dentistry technique that is used to treat tooth decay and prepare teeth for ... but air abrasion has proven to be a noiseless, heatless, minimally invasive alternative. Air abrasion is similar to ... The goal of air abrasion is to pinpoint and remove early areas of decay, while preserving more of the natural tooth. The ...
Characterization of Conventional and High-Translucency Y-TZP Dental Ceramics Submitted to Air Abrasion.. Tostes, Bhenya Ottoni ... Characterization of Conventional and High-Translucency Y-TZP Dental Ceramics Submitted to Air Abrasion ... Effects of high temperature on dental restorative materials for forensic purposes. * Investigation of lanthanum-sensitized ...
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we have a drill-less air abrasion machine used on kids to fix fills and not have to have a shot. it blows pumice on the tooth ... The last thing a person with dementia needs, is a dental abscess. To put them through the ordeal of dental work is too ... Now as a dental assistant I myself have worked in his mouth and does have a little cavity going to see how it goes this time ... difficult child 3 will need remedial dental work, but nobody is taking out al four of his wisdom teeth in one go.. BF2 (also a ...
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When dental decay compromises a tooths structural integrity, a filling gets placed to rebuild its natural form and restore its ... A dental drill, dental laser, or air abrasion technology can be used to remove decay. Once the cavity gets excavated, and ... Does dental insurance cover the cost of getting a filling?. + Dental insurances typically cover the cost of dental fillings. ... How long do dental fillings last?. + The lifetime of a dental filling varies depending on the type of material used. While ...
  • Air abrasion is a new micro-dentistry technique that is used to treat tooth decay and prepare teeth for restorations. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • commonly generated in dentistry during use of handpieces, ultrasonic scalers, and air/water syringes. (cdc.gov)
  • Yes, air-abrasion treatment is considered safe and has been widely used in dentistry for many years. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Air abrasion dentistry is a painless and quick alternative to drills, and allows us to gently remove plaque and tooth decay without a shot. (dentistsugarland.com)
  • Here at First Dental in Sugar Land, we use the KCP 1000 for our air abrasion dentistry. (dentistsugarland.com)
  • General dentistry emphasizes preventive care to detect and address dental issues early, promoting long-term oral health. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • With an unwavering motivation to affected person pleasure and a relentless pursuit of excellence, the Dental Center sets alone aside as a chief in the field of present day dentistry. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • In the dynamic area of dentistry, the Dental Centre prides itself on its determination to utilizing slicing-edge technological innovation. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • At our Dental Center, we offer various cosmetic dentistry choices to support you accomplish the smile of your goals. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • With IV sedation you'll have no memory of your dental procedure at our Port Townsend area sedation dentistry practice. (sedationdentistrybellevue.com)
  • As a leader in the field of dentistry and as beta test site for some of the latest technology, our top Hatfield dentists have been recognized as pioneers in the field and established Highpoint Dental Medicine as the practice for superior, personal dental care. (highpointdental.com)
  • A relatively new technique called air abrasion uses powerful particles of aluminum oxide to remove debris and decay. (bellevuepremierdental.com)
  • Traditionally, dentists used noisy dental drills to remove decay and prepare the teeth for fillings, but air abrasion has proven to be a noiseless, heatless, minimally invasive alternative. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Air abrasion is similar to sandblasting, in that tiny particles are propelled toward small areas of decay to remove them. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • The goal of air abrasion is to pinpoint and remove early areas of decay, while preserving more of the natural tooth. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • The best candidates for air abrasion are patients who are fearful of the dental drill, children, and individuals with minimal dental decay. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Air abrasion can be used in instances other than tooth decay, including the removal of existing composite fillings, the preparation of teeth for sealants and the removal of surface stains on teeth. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Jets of compressed air, delivered through a dental hand-piece, provide enough force for the particles to remove the decay. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • The fine stream of air and aluminum oxide provides dentists with a more precise tool for removing decay quickly, without damaging surrounding sections of the tooth. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • While air abrasion may not be suitable for large areas of decay or the removal of silver fillings, it can be used to repair tiny cracks, remove stains, and smooth the tooth surface so that bonding materials adhere to the tooth. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Dental sealants are very thin slivers of plastic resin that are used to cover the back teeth and prevent both decay and cavities. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • Adults can also benefit from dental sealants as the bacteria has less chance of causing decay once the sealants are applied. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • Dental sealants provide a barrier between the teeth and bacteria, and prevent tooth decay from occurring. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • With air-abrasion technology, we can precisely remove decay or prepare teeth for restorations without the need for traditional drilling. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Air abrasion is a dental technique that uses a stream of tiny abrasive particles, propelled by compressed air, to gently remove decay or prepare teeth for restorations. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • It is commonly used for removing decay, preparing teeth for dental fillings or sealants, and removing surface stains. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Air abrasion uses a stream of tiny particles to remove decay, preserving more of the natural tooth structure. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Regular dental cleanings promote healthier gums, and reduce the risks of tooth decay, periodontal disease and other oral health issues. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • When dental decay compromises a tooth's structural integrity, a filling gets placed to rebuild its natural form and restore its strength and function. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Because tooth decay, also known as dental caries, remains one of the most prevalent chronic diseases affecting both children and adults worldwide, procedures to place fillings are routinely performed each and every day. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Our goals are to gently remove the dental decay and the damaged tooth structure and then rebuild your tooth's form and function while providing you healthy, durable, long-lasting, and cosmetically pleasing results. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Next, their teeth were assessed for coronal caries, including untreated dental decay and teeth treated or extracted due to caries. (cdc.gov)
  • Initially, the dentist will thoroughly examine the teeth and assess whether the air abrasion technique is going to be the most effective option. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • If you have questions about the air abrasion process, please ask your dentist. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Burbank area dentist, Dr. Alexandre Tavitian has extensive experience providing dental phobia treatments that help patients ease their dental anxiety. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • If fear of the dentist is keeping you from getting the quality dental care you need, we can help. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • If you are missing one or more teeth, you'll want to talk with Burbank area dental implant dentist Dr. Alexandre Tavitian about replacements that look and feel as natural as your own teeth. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • The dentist might also use a voice-recognition system to ask the computer to assist in finding that data, or generate a 'before and after' image so the patient can preview the result of dental treatment before it is done. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Dr. Imrek was the first general dentist to provide KCP 1000 air abrasion technology in the Houston area. (dentistsugarland.com)
  • Incredible recent advances in technology allow Port Townsend area dental implants dentist Dr. Edward Savidge to create tooth implants just for you that can be permanently anchored to your jaw. (sedationdentistrybellevue.com)
  • With a focus on providing safe and affordable dental checkups, our skilled dental professionals utilize air-abrasion technology to perform precise and minimally invasive procedures. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • If you are looking for a gentle and minimally invasive dental treatment option, scheduling an appointment for air-abrasion treatment is simple. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Unlike traditional drilling, air abrasion is minimally invasive, preserves more healthy tooth structure, and often eliminates the need for local anesthesia. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • The most exciting thing for patients is that air abrasion is painless and, in some cases, doesn't require an anesthetic. (bellevuepremierdental.com)
  • Air-abrasion is a gentle and painless procedure, reducing the need for local anesthesia in many cases. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • No, air-abrasion treatment is generally painless. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • The purpose this article is to evaluate the caregivers'perception of predictors of dental fear and acceptance of use a new technology for removal of caries in their children. (bvsalud.org)
  • Non-carious cervical loss due to abrasion may lead to consequences and symptoms such as increased tooth sensitivity to hot and cold, increased plaque trapping which will result in caries and periodontal disease, and difficulty of dental appliances such as retainers or dentures engaging the tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oral health examination component provides information on a number of oral health topics including tooth count, coronal caries, root caries, dental sealants, dental fluorosis, and recommendations for dental care. (cdc.gov)
  • Dentition Exam (OHXDEN_I) - Includes data on tooth count, coronal caries, root caries, and dental sealants. (cdc.gov)
  • The dental examiners conducted a "whole mouth" assessment for untreated root caries and dental root restorations. (cdc.gov)
  • Please refer to Chapter 5 in the NHANES Oral Health Examiners Manual for more details on the dental root caries assessment. (cdc.gov)
  • This exciting dental treatment is also a plus for patients because it normally doesn't require any local anesthesia. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Do you have any questions about Dental Air Abrasion Handpiece Polishing Intraoral Sandblasting Scaler for Teeth Cleaning? (dentalsalemall.com)
  • Although air abrasion is not suitable for work on crowns and bridges, it is often used for bonding procedures, and on tooth restorations involving composite, or tooth-colored fillings. (bellevuepremierdental.com)
  • By targeting only the decayed or damaged areas of the tooth, air-abrasion treatment helps preserve healthy tooth structure, leading to stronger and more durable restorations. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • This not only enhances the precision of dental restorations but also reduces the turnaround time, providing patients with faster solutions. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Until recent decades, the vast majority of dental fillings remained silver-colored, amalgam restorations. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Amalgam and silver fillings cannot be used in conjunction with air abrasion because the procedure leaves the teeth too smooth for metal fillings to properly adhere. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • What is involved with the air abrasion procedure? (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • How long does an air-abrasion procedure take? (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • The duration of an air-abrasion procedure depends on the specific treatment and extent of dental work required. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • This quick procedure is particularly recommended for individuals at higher risk of developing cavities, such as children and those with a history of dental issues. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • As with many dental procedures, air abrasion is not necessarily suitable for every person. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • By far the most suitable candidates for dental sealants are children and teens. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • While air abrasion is a versatile technique, it may not be suitable for all dental treatments. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • The combination of air abrasion and composite resin fillings quickly and comfortably restores functionality and strength to the teeth. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Therefore, only composite fillings can be applied following air abrasion. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • From dental fillings and crowns to bridges and dental implants, our skilled dentists will function closely with you to restore your smile and dental function. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • At the office of Fort Lee Smiles, we provide precise and gentle treatment and maintain a position at the forefront of advances in care to provide patients with the highest quality of aesthetically pleasing and durable dental fillings. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • In fact, attempts to place dental fillings have been found in the skeletal remains of people who lived around the year 8000 BC. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • However, it wasn't until thousands and thousands of years later, in the 19th century, that a variety of metal fillings, including dental amalgam, appeared on the scene. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • What are the different types of dental fillings? (fortleesmiles.com)
  • General dentists work with specialists to ensure comprehensive treatment for complex dental needs. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • Dentists have been shown to produce more intense aerosol and splatter with handpieces without a rubber dam or ultrasonic scalers, but any source of dental equipment is capable of sending an airborne virus up to eight feet in all directions. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • Dentists who treat patients by aerosolization are at an extremely dangerous risk of getting infected themselves, as well as their dental assistants and other office staff members. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • The oral health examination was conducted by dental examiners, who were dentists (D.D.S./D.M.D.) licensed in at least one U.S. state. (cdc.gov)
  • Air abrasion: the application of a mixture of small abrasive particles by air blast to prepare a cavity in a tooth or remove deposits from teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • Regular dental check ups help diagnose cavities which may be forming on the surfaces of the teeth. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • Cause of abrasion may arise from interaction of teeth with other objects such as toothbrushes, toothpicks, floss, and ill-fitting dental appliance like retainers and dentures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even if children and teens adhere to an adequate at home dental care routine, there is still the chance of plaque attacking the teeth. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • Dental sealants do not mean that the wearer now no longer has to brush or floss their teeth. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • Dental tools are used to remove tartar buildup from the surfaces of your teeth and along the gumline. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • The teeth don't lose their natural protection against bacteria and the danger of dental diseases decreases. (emmipet-ultrasound.com)
  • Composite resins are also used in dental bonding procedures to improve a tooth's color or shape, mask defects, or close minor gaps between teeth. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • In doing so, the team strives to help patients maintain the healthiest natural teeth possible by providing the highest-quality dental work. (highpointdental.com)
  • This fracture of replacement of the lost dental structure in both anterior and can be corrected by the complete replacement of the fractured posterior teeth. (bvsalud.org)
  • For children and adolescents aged 3 to 19 years, eligible teeth were assessed for the presence of dental sealants. (cdc.gov)
  • Based on clinical surveys, studies have shown that abrasion is the most common but not the sole aetiological factor for development of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) and is most frequently caused by incorrect toothbrushing technique. (wikipedia.org)
  • This makes it an perfect option for individuals who prefer a much less invasive and a lot more conservative strategy to dental treatment options. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • The bristles combined with forceful brushing techniques applied can roughen the tooth surface and cause abrasion as well as aggravating the gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the gums recede, the root surface is exposed which is more susceptible to abrasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • To book an appointment right away or for more information on how we can help you achieve the smile of your dreams, please contact Highpoint Dental Medicine today. (highpointdental.com)
  • If dentures are causing you problems, you may consider dental implants. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Unlike dentures, which can be removed, Dr. Tavitian offers dental implants that are permanently anchored into the jaw itself. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • 3D printing technology enables the creation of customized dental implants, crowns, and even dentures. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Unlike dentures, which can be removed, Dr. Mortensen offers dental implants that are permanently anchored into the jaw itself. (newportbeachsedationdentistry.com)
  • Have you ever considered natural-looking, permanent dental implants instead of uncomfortable dentures? (sedationdentistrybellevue.com)
  • Dental sealants are an important, additional preventative measure that anyone can benefit from, particularly children and teens. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • Dental sealants are clear or tooth-coloured coatings that are usually applied to the deep fissures or hollows of your molars, which tend to trap bacteria and debris and are prone to cavities. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • In 2015-2016, the tooth count and dental sealants assessments followed the same protocols conducted in 1999-2004, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014. (cdc.gov)
  • However, if an individual is regimented in their after-whitening care then they can avoid loss of tooth structure and in turn abrasion can be avoided. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air-abrasion eliminates the vibration and heat associated with traditional drilling, minimizing the risk of microfractures or damage to the surrounding tooth structure. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Air-abrasion treatment is a gentle and conservative approach that reduces the need for traditional drilling, minimizes discomfort, and preserves healthy tooth structure. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Beyond providing a close match to your natural tooth color, a composite filling does not require removing of as much tooth structure for placement, nor are they subject to expansion or contraction with temperature changes as is the case with dental amalgams. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Dental plaque can be aerosolized during dental procedures as well to contribute to disease transmission. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • At Roper Dental Group, we prioritize your safety and strive to make dental checkups safe, comfortable, and affordable for all our patients. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • With our commitment to providing affordable dental care, we offer competitive pricing and flexible payment options to ensure that air-abrasion treatment is accessible to our patients. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Compassionate care and clear communication create a positive dental experience for patients of all ages. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • This approach truly provides a dental home for our patients. (highpointdental.com)
  • Accordingly, you're about to hear from CDC experts on recommendations for resuming non-emergency dental care during the COVID-19 pandemic, new information regarding facility and equipment considerations, sterilization, and disinfection, and considerations for the use of test-based strategies to inform patient care, and on expanded recommendations for provision of dental care to both patients with COVID-19 and patients without COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • The knowledge and attitudes of 460 dental patients attending outpatient dental clinics in Alexandria, Tanta, and El-Mansoura universities were studied. (who.int)
  • Dental surgery assistants, who are involved in the treatment of patients, cleaning of instruments and surgery disinfection, should also wear gloves, because their hands are considered to be a major source of infection [9], and potentially infected blood may be harboured beneath the fingernails for up to five days [10]. (who.int)
  • Spotting cavities early increases the chances that the air abrasion treatment can be utilized. (cambridgedentalny.com)
  • For successful treatment of abrasion, the cause first needs to be identified and ceased (e.g. overzealous brushing). (wikipedia.org)
  • We'll help you get the dental treatment you need in a way that makes you feel comfortable. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Roper Dental Group is proud to offer air-abrasion dental treatment as a safe and effective alternative to traditional drilling methods. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Is air-abrasion treatment safe? (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Does air-abrasion treatment hurt? (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • In most cases, air-abrasion treatment is efficient and can be completed within a reasonable timeframe. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • She feels he needs sedation for a cleaning and treatment if necessary (dental hygiene has also been a problem at home in the last year or so). (conductdisorders.com)
  • Welcome to the globe of dazzling smiles, in which innovation meets dental treatment. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • By incorporating the latest improvements in dental gear and strategies, the center assures that clients get the greatest top quality treatment in a comfy and efficient manner. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • By embracing chopping-edge technological innovation, the Dental Center stays at the forefront of dental treatment, supplying clients with exceptional and modern therapies that end result in healthier smiles and improved overall oral well being. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • Our Dental Middle focuses on selling preventive treatment procedures these kinds of as regular dental verify-ups, specialist cleanings, and schooling on appropriate oral cleanliness methods. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • At the office of Fort Lee Smiles, we tailor treatment to address specific dental needs and expectations of care. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • If you're concerned about dental treatments, soothing nitrous oxide (laughing gas) is one of a number of options available at Andrew G Mortensen DDS to help reduce your dental anxiety. (newportbeachsedationdentistry.com)
  • Dental implants are the single greatest health care advancement that influences the way we practice. (highpointdental.com)
  • Can air abrasion be used for all dental treatments? (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • From repairing damaged tissues to promoting bone regeneration, stem cell therapy holds promise for more effective and natural dental treatments. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • The dental team is there to advise and guide you on any recommended dental treatments, answering any questions you may have. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • Laser technology has revolutionized various dental procedures. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Nestled within its partitions are a dedicated crew of dental pros, armed with reducing-edge technology, and a enthusiasm for creating glowing smiles that radiate self-assurance and vitality. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • While traditional dental materials like gold and amalgam have been in use for over a century, recent advances in dental technology have made a more expansive and improved selection of restorative choices widely available. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Bridging Technology Into The Dental World. (highpointdental.com)
  • Here at Highpoint Dental Medicine, we take pride in knowing that we are one of the leaders in dental technology. (highpointdental.com)
  • Dental handpieces, ultrasonic scalers, and the air-water syringes used in common dental practice are capable of producing aerosols which are usually composed of water derived from these devices or saliva. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • As with all the services our practice provides, we'll explain all your options in care, including the type of dental filling materials we offer to restore your tooth. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • All dental examiners received an initial training, which consisted of lecture, model review, practice simulations and standardization sessions. (cdc.gov)
  • As the landscape evolves, Gargi's Dental Care in Kolkata stands at the forefront, blending expertise with the latest advancements for a holistic approach to oral health. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Consistent dental visits are crucial for ongoing maintenance and early intervention to safeguard oral health. (mapleridgesmiles.com)
  • At the heart of this transformative expertise lies the progressive Dental Middle, a haven for these seeking extensive oral health options. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • In 2015-2016, a dental fluorosis clinical assessment was also conducted as part of the NHANES oral health exam. (cdc.gov)
  • All oral health assessments took place in a designated room at the mobile examination center (MEC) that included a portable dental chair, light, and compressed air. (cdc.gov)
  • In-home and clinical whitening have been proven to increase the likelihood of an individual experiencing dental abrasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The appearance may vary depending on the cause of abrasion, however most commonly presents in a V-shaped caused by excessive lateral pressure whilst tooth-brushing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apart from that, people with habits such as nail biting, chewing tobacco, lip or tongue piercing, and having occupation such as joiner, are subjected to higher risks of abrasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Welcome to Bellevue Premier Dental, the home of top-end dental care in Bellevue and Redmond, WA. (bellevuepremierdental.com)
  • There is a growing recognition of the role that computers can play in dental care. (1stsedationdentist.com)
  • Roper Dental Group offers your entire family comprehensive dental care that's second to none. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • With locations in Gilbert, Mesa, and San Tan Valley, we are dedicated to bringing you the latest advancements in dental care while ensuring your convenience and comfort. (roperdentalgroup.com)
  • Gargi's Dental Care combines innovation with personalized care. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Trust Gargi's Dental Care for a smile that reflects the cutting edge. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Dr. Gargi's Dental Care, a premier segment dental, and orthodontics day care center of Kolkata started their operation under the adept guidance of Dr. Gargi Sarkar and Dr. Debjit Dhamali. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Dr. Kluss and his staff are dedicated to providing you with top-quality dental care designed exclusively for you. (newportbeachsedationdentistry.com)
  • According to archaeological findings, for as long as dental problems have existed, there have been efforts to provide emergency and restorative care. (fortleesmiles.com)
  • Best of the best dental care in Hatfield. (highpointdental.com)
  • Dr. Wilk believes strongly in 'doing the right thing' and prides himself in providing the highest quality cosmetic and comprehensive dental care available. (highpointdental.com)
  • At Highpoint Dental Medicine, we believe in modern dental care that does not support the old premise - "when it hurts, fix it. (highpointdental.com)
  • Our professional dental team is passionate about providing unparalleled level of dental care and comfort. (highpointdental.com)
  • She received single doses of intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam, clindamycin, dexamethasone (10 mg), and methylprednisolone (125 mg) before being evacuated by air to our intensive care unit (ICU) at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. (cdc.gov)
  • Recommendation of Care (OHXREF_I) - Includes data on dental care recommendations and exam position. (cdc.gov)
  • The type of toothbrush, the technique used and the force applied when brushing can influence the occurrence and severity of resulting abrasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultrasonic high-speed handpieces , three-way water/air syringes, prophy cups, and air polishing devices all have the potential to generate aerosols if they are not tightly controlled. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • Stage inside of and embark on a journey in the direction of optimal oral overall health, where each and every visit claims condition-of-the-artwork methods and individualized dental options tailor-made just for you. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • Characterization of Conventional and High-Translucency Y-TZP Dental Ceramics Submitted to Air Abrasion. (bvsalud.org)
  • By changing the conventional drilling strategy, air abrasion not only minimizes discomfort and pain throughout the process but also preserves a lot more of the natural tooth construction. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • During air abrasion, a fine stream of particles is aimed at the stained or decayed portion of the tooth, and uses pressure to clear away impurities on its surface. (dentistsugarland.com)
  • Our Dental Center is outfitted with point out-of-the-artwork technologies and tactics to offer a broad variety of restorative therapies. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • Dental ceramics are indirect restorative materials, they parts can occur, and fracture is the main problem, which may have properties that mimic dental dentin and enamel. (bvsalud.org)
  • It is believed that dental abrasion due to the whitening process is caused by a combination of both mechanical and chemical irritants, for example, using whitening toothpaste and at home bleaching kits together. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can associated with the consumption of acidic foods and liquids or regurgitation of stomach acid, a process known as dental erosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process of applying a dental sealant is extremely simple. (safedentistry.co.uk)
  • With emmi®-dent , experiencing pain during your dental cleaning process is a thing of the past! (emmipet-ultrasound.com)
  • Sometimes other liquids as well such as blood particles that can contaminate sensitive surfaces like dental chairs and other equipment. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • Cleanliness is of utmost importance when it comes to dental instruments , surfaces within the operatory, and equipment- which could serve as fomites for cross-infection if not cleaned or sterilized properly. (hayeshandpiece.com)
  • At Absolute Smile, Inc. in the San Juan Capistrano, California area, we take the time to get to know you and understand your dental needs. (newportbeachsedationdentistry.com)
  • The ultrasonic air oscillations cause these microbubbles to implode (not dangerous for humans), removing impurities, traces of food, germs and bacteria. (emmipet-ultrasound.com)
  • Abrasion frequently presents at the cemento-enamel junction and can be caused by many contributing factors, all with the ability to affect the tooth surface in varying degrees. (wikipedia.org)
  • They provide the best dental solution in Kolkata. (gargisdentalcare.com)
  • Dental lasers provide the means to execute exact comfortable tissue surgical procedures, tooth whitening, and even the detection of cavities. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • The aetiology of dental abrasion can be due to a single stimulus or, as in most cases, multi-factorial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the Dental Middle has embraced the use of dental lasers, supplying precision and performance in different techniques. (globalanalyticsmarket.com)
  • Has anyone else had to resort to sedation to obtain routine dental work, blood work and immunizations? (conductdisorders.com)