Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
'Gas poisoning' is a condition characterized by the exposure to harmful gases, such as carbon monoxide or hydrogen sulfide, which can lead to symptoms like headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness or death.
People who frequently change their place of residence.
An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Central America is not a medical term, but a geographical region consisting of seven countries (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama) that connect North America to South America, which may be relevant in medical contexts such as discussions of regional disease patterns, public health initiatives, or tropical medicine.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
An aspect of cholinesterase (EC
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Poland" is not a medical term or concept; it is a country located in Central Europe. If you have any questions about medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help answer those!
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC
Derivatives of carbamic acid, H2NC(=O)OH. Included under this heading are N-substituted and O-substituted carbamic acids. In general carbamate esters are referred to as urethanes, and polymers that include repeating units of carbamate are referred to as POLYURETHANES. Note however that polyurethanes are derived from the polymerization of ISOCYANATES and the singular term URETHANE refers to the ethyl ester of carbamic acid.
Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "India" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context. It is a geographical location, referring to the Republic of India, a country in South Asia. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help with those!
Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.

"Agricultural Workers' Diseases" is a term used to describe a variety of health conditions and illnesses that are associated with agricultural work. These can include both acute and chronic conditions, and can be caused by a range of factors including exposure to chemicals, dusts, allergens, physical injuries, and biological agents such as bacteria and viruses.

Some common examples of Agricultural Workers' Diseases include:

1. Pesticide poisoning: This can occur when agricultural workers are exposed to high levels of pesticides or other chemicals used in farming. Symptoms can range from mild skin irritation to severe neurological damage, depending on the type and amount of chemical exposure.
2. Respiratory diseases: Agricultural workers can be exposed to a variety of dusts and allergens that can cause respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, and farmer's lung. These conditions are often caused by prolonged exposure to moldy hay, grain dust, or other organic materials.
3. Musculoskeletal injuries: Agricultural workers are at risk of developing musculoskeletal injuries due to the physical demands of their job. This can include back pain, repetitive strain injuries, and sprains and strains from lifting heavy objects.
4. Zoonotic diseases: Agricultural workers who come into contact with animals are at risk of contracting zoonotic diseases, which are illnesses that can be transmitted between animals and humans. Examples include Q fever, brucellosis, and leptospirosis.
5. Heat-related illnesses: Agricultural workers who work outside in hot weather are at risk of heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

Prevention of Agricultural Workers' Diseases involves a combination of engineering controls, personal protective equipment, and training to help workers understand the risks associated with their job and how to minimize exposure to hazards.

I apologize for any confusion, but "agriculture" is not a term that has a medical definition. Agriculture refers to the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants, and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants, and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. It is an important industry and practice that has been developed over thousands of years and continues to play a critical role in global food production and security.

Pesticides are substances or mixtures of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or repelling pests. Pests can be insects, rodents, fungi, weeds, or other organisms that can cause damage to crops, animals, or humans and their living conditions. The term "pesticide" includes all of the following: insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, rodenticides, bactericides, and various other substances used to control pests.

It is important to note that while pesticides are designed to be toxic to the target pests, they can also pose risks to non-target organisms, including humans, if not used properly. Therefore, it is essential to follow all label instructions and safety precautions when handling and applying pesticides.

Occupational exposure refers to the contact of an individual with potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents as a result of their job or occupation. This can include exposure to hazardous substances such as chemicals, heavy metals, or dusts; physical agents such as noise, radiation, or ergonomic stressors; and biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi.

Occupational exposure can occur through various routes, including inhalation, skin contact, ingestion, or injection. Prolonged or repeated exposure to these hazards can increase the risk of developing acute or chronic health conditions, such as respiratory diseases, skin disorders, neurological damage, or cancer.

Employers have a legal and ethical responsibility to minimize occupational exposures through the implementation of appropriate control measures, including engineering controls, administrative controls, personal protective equipment, and training programs. Regular monitoring and surveillance of workers' health can also help identify and prevent potential health hazards in the workplace.

Organophosphate (OP) poisoning refers to the toxic effects that occur after exposure to organophosphate compounds, which are commonly used as pesticides, nerve agents, and plasticizers. These substances work by irreversibly inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the nervous system. As a result, excessive accumulation of acetylcholine leads to overstimulation of cholinergic receptors, causing a wide range of symptoms.

The severity and type of symptoms depend on the dose, duration, and route of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption). The primary manifestations of organophosphate poisoning are:

1. Muscarinic effects: Excess acetylcholine at muscarinic receptors in the parasympathetic nervous system results in symptoms such as narrowed pupils (miosis), increased salivation, lacrimation, sweating, bronchorrhea (excessive respiratory secretions), diarrhea, bradycardia (decreased heart rate), and hypotension.
2. Nicotinic effects: Overstimulation of nicotinic receptors at the neuromuscular junction leads to muscle fasciculations, weakness, and paralysis. This can also cause tachycardia (increased heart rate) and hypertension.
3. Central nervous system effects: OP poisoning may result in headache, dizziness, confusion, seizures, coma, and respiratory depression.

Treatment for organophosphate poisoning includes decontamination, supportive care, and administration of antidotes such as atropine (to block muscarinic effects) and pralidoxime (to reactivate acetylcholinesterase). Delayed treatment can lead to long-term neurological damage or even death.

Gas poisoning, also known as carbon monoxide poisoning or toxic inhalation, is a condition that results from exposure to harmful gases. This can occur through inhaling fumes from faulty heating systems, stoves, generators, or motor vehicles, especially in enclosed spaces. The gas interferes with the body's ability to transport oxygen, leading to symptoms such as headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and confusion. In severe cases, it can cause loss of consciousness, brain damage, or even death. Immediate medical attention is required for diagnosis and treatment, which may include oxygen therapy and supportive care.

In the context of medical terminology, "transients" and "migrants" are often used to describe populations that are moving or have recently moved from one place to another. These terms can refer to individuals who are temporarily residing in a location for work, school, or other reasons (transients), as well as those who are planning to settle permanently in a new location (migrants).

A "transient" population may include people who are traveling for leisure, working on temporary contracts, attending school in a different city or country, or serving in the military. These individuals typically have a specific destination and time frame for their stay, and they may not have established long-term social or medical support systems in the area.

A "migrant" population, on the other hand, refers to people who are moving with the intention of settling permanently in a new location. This can include individuals and families who are seeking better economic opportunities, fleeing political unrest or natural disasters, or reuniting with family members in another country. Migrants often face unique challenges when it comes to accessing healthcare services, as they may not have established relationships with healthcare providers in their new location, may face language barriers, and may lack familiarity with the local healthcare system.

It's important to note that these terms are not mutually exclusive, and an individual or group could be considered both transient and migrant depending on the context. For example, a refugee family who is resettling permanently in a new country might initially be considered transients as they establish themselves in their new home, but over time they would become part of the migrant population.

Phosmet is an organophosphate insecticide and acaricide, which means it is used to kill insects and mites. It works by inhibiting the action of an enzyme called cholinesterase, leading to the accumulation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and ultimately causing nervous system failure in the pest.

Phosmet has a wide range of uses, including controlling pests on fruits, vegetables, nuts, and ornamental plants, as well as on animals such as dogs and livestock. It can be applied as a spray, dust, or fog, and it is absorbed through the skin and respiratory system of both the target pests and any individuals who come into contact with it.

Like other organophosphate pesticides, phosmet can have harmful effects on human health if not used properly. It can cause acute symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, and muscle weakness, and in severe cases, it can lead to respiratory failure, convulsions, and death. Chronic exposure has been linked to neurological damage, including memory loss and decreased cognitive function.

It is important to follow all safety precautions when using phosmet or any other pesticide, including wearing protective clothing, washing contaminated skin and clothing, and avoiding re-entry into treated areas until the recommended safety interval has passed.

In medical terms, "dust" is not defined as a specific medical condition or disease. However, generally speaking, dust refers to small particles of solid matter that can be found in the air and can come from various sources, such as soil, pollen, hair, textiles, paper, or plastic.

Exposure to certain types of dust, such as those containing allergens, chemicals, or harmful pathogens, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, and lung diseases. Prolonged exposure to certain types of dust, such as silica or asbestos, can even lead to serious conditions like silicosis or mesothelioma.

Therefore, it is important for individuals who work in environments with high levels of dust to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing masks and respirators, to minimize their exposure and reduce the risk of health problems.

Central America is a geographical region that connects North America and South America. It is made up of seven countries: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. The eastern coast of Central America is bordered by the Caribbean Sea, while the western coast is bordered by the Pacific Ocean.

The region is characterized by its diverse geography, which includes lowland rainforests, volcanic mountain ranges, and coastal plains. It is also home to a wide range of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world.

Culturally, Central America is a melting pot of indigenous, African, and European influences. The region has a rich history of Mayan civilization, as well as Spanish colonialism. Today, the countries of Central America have diverse economies, with agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism being major industries.

Occupational accidents are defined as unexpected and unplanned events that occur in the context of work and lead to physical or mental harm. These accidents can be caused by a variety of factors, including unsafe working conditions, lack of proper training, or failure to use appropriate personal protective equipment. Occupational accidents can result in injuries, illnesses, or even death, and can have significant impacts on individuals, families, and communities. In many cases, occupational accidents are preventable through the implementation of effective safety measures and risk management strategies.

Chlorpyrifos is a type of pesticide that belongs to the class of organophosphates. It works by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which leads to an accumulation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and causes toxic effects in insects. Chlorpyrifos is used to control a wide variety of pests, including insects that infest crops, homes, and gardens. It is also used to protect wood from termites and other wood-boring insects.

Chlorpyrifos can be harmful to humans if it is ingested, inhaled, or comes into contact with the skin. Exposure to chlorpyrifos can cause a range of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, and muscle twitching. In severe cases, it can lead to respiratory failure, convulsions, and even death. Chlorpyrifos has been linked to developmental problems in children, including reduced IQ and attention deficit disorder. As a result, the use of chlorpyrifos in residential settings has been restricted in many countries.

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of esters of choline, including butyrylcholine and acetylcholine. It is found in various tissues throughout the body, including the liver, brain, and plasma. BChE plays a role in the metabolism of certain drugs and neurotransmitters, and its activity can be inhibited by certain chemicals, such as organophosphate pesticides and nerve agents. Elevated levels of BChE have been found in some neurological disorders, while decreased levels have been associated with genetic deficiencies and liver disease.

Occupational health is a branch of medicine that focuses on the physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all types of jobs. The goal of occupational health is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and disabilities, while also promoting the overall health and safety of employees. This may involve identifying and assessing potential hazards in the workplace, implementing controls to reduce or eliminate those hazards, providing education and training to workers on safe practices, and conducting medical surveillance and screenings to detect early signs of work-related health problems.

Occupational health also involves working closely with employers, employees, and other stakeholders to develop policies and programs that support the health and well-being of workers. This may include promoting healthy lifestyles, providing access to mental health resources, and supporting return-to-work programs for injured or ill workers. Ultimately, the goal of occupational health is to create a safe and healthy work environment that enables employees to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently, while also protecting their long-term health and well-being.

Occupational air pollutants refer to harmful substances present in the air in workplaces or occupational settings. These pollutants can include dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, or mists that are produced by industrial processes, chemical reactions, or other sources. Examples of occupational air pollutants include:

1. Respirable crystalline silica: A common mineral found in sand, stone, and concrete that can cause lung disease and cancer when inhaled in high concentrations.
2. Asbestos: A naturally occurring mineral fiber that was widely used in construction materials and industrial applications until the 1970s. Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause lung diseases such as asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.
3. Welding fumes: Fumes generated during welding processes can contain harmful metals such as manganese, chromium, and nickel that can cause neurological damage and respiratory problems.
4. Isocyanates: Chemicals used in the production of foam insulation, spray-on coatings, and other industrial applications that can cause asthma and other respiratory symptoms.
5. Coal dust: Fine particles generated during coal mining, transportation, and handling that can cause lung disease and other health problems.
6. Diesel exhaust: Emissions from diesel engines that contain harmful particulates and gases that can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems.

Occupational air pollutants are regulated by various government agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States, to protect workers from exposure and minimize health risks.

Pesticide residues refer to the remaining pesticide chemicals, including their metabolites and degradation products, that are present in or on food commodities or environmental samples after a pesticide application has ended. These residues can result from agricultural use, such as spraying crops to control pests, or from non-agricultural uses, like treating buildings for termite control.

Regulatory agencies establish maximum residue limits (MRLs) to ensure that the levels of pesticide residues in food and feed are below those that may pose a risk to human health. Monitoring programs are in place to check compliance with these MRLs, and enforcement actions can be taken if violations occur.

It's important to note that not all pesticide residues are harmful, as some pesticides degrade into harmless compounds over time or leave behind residues below levels of concern for human health. However, long-term exposure to even low levels of certain pesticide residues may still pose a risk and should be avoided when possible.

In the context of medical terminology, "occupations" generally refers to the activities or tasks that a person performs as part of their daily life and routines. This can include both paid work or employment, as well as unpaid activities such as household chores, hobbies, and self-care. The term is often used in the field of occupational therapy, which focuses on helping individuals develop, recover, and maintain the skills needed for participation in their daily occupations and improving their overall quality of life. Additionally, Occupational Medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on the prevention and management of job-related injuries and illnesses, as well as promoting health and productivity in the workplace.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Poland" is not a medical term. It is a country in Central Europe. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help answer those!

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ACh), a neurotransmitter, into choline and acetic acid. This enzyme plays a crucial role in regulating the transmission of nerve impulses across the synapse, the junction between two neurons or between a neuron and a muscle fiber.

Acetylcholinesterase is located in the synaptic cleft, the narrow gap between the presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes. When ACh is released from the presynaptic membrane and binds to receptors on the postsynaptic membrane, it triggers a response in the target cell. Acetylcholinesterase rapidly breaks down ACh, terminating its action and allowing for rapid cycling of neurotransmission.

Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase leads to an accumulation of ACh in the synaptic cleft, prolonging its effects on the postsynaptic membrane. This can result in excessive stimulation of cholinergic receptors and overactivation of the cholinergic system, which may cause a range of symptoms, including muscle weakness, fasciculations, sweating, salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, bradycardia, and bronchoconstriction.

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used in the treatment of various medical conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease, myasthenia gravis, and glaucoma. However, they can also be used as chemical weapons, such as nerve agents, due to their ability to disrupt the nervous system and cause severe toxicity.

Carbamates are a group of organic compounds that contain the carbamate functional group, which is a carbon atom double-bonded to oxygen and single-bonded to a nitrogen atom (> N-C=O). In the context of pharmaceuticals and agriculture, carbamates are a class of drugs and pesticides that have carbamate as their core structure.

Carbamate insecticides work by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which is responsible for breaking down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the synapses of the nervous system. When this enzyme is inhibited, acetylcholine accumulates in the synaptic cleft, leading to overstimulation of the nervous system and ultimately causing paralysis and death in insects.

Carbamate drugs are used for a variety of medical indications, including as anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, and psychotropic medications. They work by modulating various neurotransmitter systems in the brain, such as GABA, glutamate, and dopamine. Carbamates can also be used as anti- parasitic agents, such as ivermectin, which is effective against a range of parasites including nematodes, arthropods, and some protozoa.

It's important to note that carbamate pesticides can be toxic to non-target organisms, including humans, if not used properly. Therefore, it's essential to follow all safety guidelines when handling or using these products.

Cholinesterase inhibitors are a class of drugs that work by blocking the action of cholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the body. By inhibiting this enzyme, the levels of acetylcholine in the brain increase, which can help to improve symptoms of cognitive decline and memory loss associated with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.

Cholinesterase inhibitors are also used to treat other medical conditions, including myasthenia gravis, a neuromuscular disorder that causes muscle weakness, and glaucoma, a condition that affects the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss. Some examples of cholinesterase inhibitors include donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne), and rivastigmine (Exelon).

It's important to note that while cholinesterase inhibitors can help to improve symptoms in some people with dementia, they do not cure the underlying condition or stop its progression. Side effects of these drugs may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and increased salivation. In rare cases, they may also cause seizures, fainting, or cardiac arrhythmias.

Insecticides are substances or mixtures of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or mitigating any pest, including insects, arachnids, or other related pests. They can be chemical or biological agents that disrupt the growth, development, or behavior of these organisms, leading to their death or incapacitation. Insecticides are widely used in agriculture, public health, and residential settings for pest control. However, they must be used with caution due to potential risks to non-target organisms and the environment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "India" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country in South Asia, the second-most populous country in the world, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and numerous contributions to various fields including medicine. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer them!

Organophosphorus compounds are a class of chemical substances that contain phosphorus bonded to organic compounds. They are used in various applications, including as plasticizers, flame retardants, pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, and nerve gases), and solvents. In medicine, they are also used in the treatment of certain conditions such as glaucoma. However, organophosphorus compounds can be toxic to humans and animals, particularly those that affect the nervous system by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Exposure to these compounds can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, and in severe cases, respiratory failure and death.

A rural population refers to people who live in areas that are outside of urban areas, typically defined as having fewer than 2,000 residents and lacking certain infrastructure and services such as running water, sewage systems, and paved roads. Rural populations often have less access to healthcare services, education, and economic opportunities compared to their urban counterparts. This population group can face unique health challenges, including higher rates of poverty, limited access to specialized medical care, and a greater exposure to environmental hazards such as agricultural chemicals and industrial pollutants.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Workers' compensation is a form of insurance that provides medical benefits, wage replacement, and rehabilitation expenses to employees who are injured or become ill as a direct result of their job. It is designed to compensate the employee for lost wages and cover medical expenses due to work-related injuries or illnesses, while also protecting employers from potential lawsuits. Workers' compensation laws vary by state but generally require employers to carry this insurance and provide coverage for eligible employees. The program is typically funded through employer premiums and is administered by individual states.

Sex workers are individuals who receive payment for performing sexual services or engaging in sexual activities with others. This can include various forms of sex work such as prostitution, pornography, stripping, and escort services. It is important to note that the ethical and legal considerations surrounding sex work are complex and vary greatly across different cultures, societies, and jurisdictions.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes that sex workers are a marginalized population who often face stigma, discrimination, and violence. In order to protect the health and human rights of sex workers, WHO recommends that sex work be recognized as a legitimate form of work and that sex workers have access to the same protections and rights as other workers. This includes access to healthcare services, education, and legal protection against abuse and discrimination.

April 2012). "Decreased kidney function among agricultural workers in El Salvador". American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 59 (4 ... autoimmune disease, glomerular disease, congenital kidney disease, obstructive kidney disease as a clear cause of kidney ... High incidence of kidney disease in young agricultural workers, mostly in sugarcane, was first reported in communities in ... Chronic kidney disease in agricultural communities in Central America. Washington, DC. 2013. Accessed June 13, 2013 (CS1 ...
... "speculation of agricultural produce". He also considered peasant farms too small to support the massive agricultural demands of ... Farmers and factory workers were ordered to produce, and food and goods were seized and issued by decree. While this policy ... Infectious diseases thrived, especially typhus. Shipments of food and fuel by railroad and by water dramatically decreased. ... which increased supply and thus lowered the price of these agricultural products. This fall in prices of agricultural goods and ...
... 's farms are not scientific, but government agricultural extension workers give direction and support to farming methods ... The farmers seldom have problems like plant and animal diseases and pests. Today's Isantonino farmer still could barely feed ...
Leonard Arthur Pitts, Agricultural Worker, E. W. Pepper Ltd. (Fanners), Hertfordshire. John Kitchener Platt. For services to ... Alfred Henry Prentice, Medical Photographer, Institute of Neurology National Hospital for Nervous Diseases. Ralph Ralph, ... For services to the agricultural industry particularly in the South West. Alan Joseph Cryer, lately City Engineer, Westminster ... John Leslie Arthur, Senior Executive Officer, Agricultural and Food Research Council. Brenda Mary, Mrs Baker. For services to ...
less payment to workers low power or heavy machine Alongside cassava, rice is the staple food of the republic, with 238,000 ... The shrub makes up 23% of Liberian agricultural GDP and is now the second most important food crop. It can be grown throughout ... Diseases and unavailability of veterinary services. Lack of adequate training of available livestock officers. Lack of ... Although agricultural activity occurs in most rural locations, it is particularly concentrated in coastal plains (subsistence ...
"Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in farmers and agricultural workers-an overview". Annals of Agricultural and ... Craven, V; Everard, ML (January 2013). "Protracted bacterial bronchitis: reinventing an old disease". Archives of Disease in ... Acute bronchitis is one of the more common diseases. About 5% of adults and 6% of children have at least one episode a year. ... "Protecting workers' health". who.int. November 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2019. Fauci, Anthony S.; Daniel L. Kasper; Dan L. Longo ...
Many Black and Coloured women worked as agricultural or domestic workers, but wages were extremely low, if existent. Children ... developed diseases caused by malnutrition and sanitation problems, and mortality rates were therefore high. The controlled ... Although trade unions for black and Coloured workers had existed since the early 20th century, it was not until the 1980s ... Chinese South Africans - who were descendants of migrant workers who came to work in the gold mines around Johannesburg in the ...
He also studied several infectious diseases of agricultural importance, such as in horses and cattle. Most of the research ... An indefatigable worker, Lacerda also began research on microbiology, beriberi and yellow fever. ...
... and agricultural workers. It enters through small cuts in the skin to cause a fungal infection. In cases of sporotrichosis ... Bird diseases, Bovine diseases, Cat diseases, Horse diseases, Mycosis-related cutaneous conditions, Rodent diseases, Sheep and ... Diseases resulting from fungi and yeasts". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Elsevier. pp. 314- ... goat diseases, Swine diseases, Zoonoses, Fungal diseases). ... Prevention of this disease includes wearing long sleeves and ...
It closed when some of its workers became infected with coronavirus disease 2019. The Cargill plant together with the JBS plant ... Livestock are the domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting in order to provide labour and produce diversified ... "Worker dies, hundreds sick as Cargill temporarily closes meat-processing plant at centre of COVID-19 outbreak". CBC. 21 April ... In Canada at the Cargill slaughterhouse in High River, Alberta, 2,000 workers process 4,500 cattle per day, or more than one- ...
Dean Emanuel identified maple bark disease among paper mill workers. In 1964, a culture technique developed by Emanuel and ... "Rural Firefighters Delivering Agricultural Safety and Health (RF-DASH)". Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center. ... "University of Wisconsin Agricultural Research Station". Mazza, Joseph J. (2006). Promoting agricultural health and safety: A ... National Farm Medicine Center website Child Agricultural Safety Network Cultivate Safety International Society for Agricultural ...
Outdoor workers and those who work with animals have an elevated risk of zoonotic disease, including agricultural workers, ... Healthcare workers are also at risk for diseases that are contracted through extended contact with a patient, including scabies ... Emerging infection disease is also of concern. Health professionals are at risk for contracting blood-borne diseases through ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005). "Compendium of Measures To Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public ...
Workers in high voltage areas especially those with spark or plasma creation are at risk.[citation needed] Agricultural workers ... Workers in industries where NO2 is used are also exposed and are at risk for occupational lung diseases, and NIOSH has set ... Gurney, J. W.; Unger, J. M.; Dorby, C. A.; Mitby, J. K.; von Essen, S. G. (1991). "Agricultural disorders of the lung". ... of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology. ...
James Tooke Coe, JP, Organiser for Norfolk, National Union of Agricultural Workers. Isaiah George Trevor Cokayne, Foreign ... Alan Douglas McEwen, DSc MRCVS, Senior Principal Scientific Officer, Animal Diseases Research Association. Thomas Mack, Deputy ... Abram Broadfoot, County Agricultural Adviser for West Perth, West of Scotland Agricultural College. Margaret Merry Brotherston ... John Edwin Piercy Booth, Colonial Agricultural Service, Agricultural Officer, Kenya. George Joseph Bridges. For services as ...
A review notes a „striking similarity" between these diseases; they all occur in a clustered fashion among rural agricultural ... workers who have to carry out a lot of physical work under hot climatic conditions. Gadde, Praveen; Sanikommu, Suresh; ... In 2015, over 34,000 cases of kidney disease were recorded in the region, and it was estimated that at least 4,500 people had ... Uddanam nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease (CKD) that is endemic in the Indian region of Uddanam in Andhra Pradesh. ...
Farmers can access local weather, get good agricultural advice throughout the season and receive disease alerts once a disease ... Plantix is a mobile crop advisory app for farmers, extension workers and gardeners. Plantix was developed by PEAT GmbH, a ... The app claims to diagnose pest damages, plant diseases and nutrient deficiencies affecting crops and offers corresponding ... Jackiewicz, Zofia (8 September 2017). "U.S. Data-Driven Farming Prize Awards $300,000 for Innovative Agricultural Solutions in ...
Mesoamerican nephropathy, is "a new form of kidney disease that could be called agricultural nephropathy". A high and so-far ... unexplained number of new cases of CKD, referred to as the Mesoamerican nephropathy, has been noted among male workers in ... Vascular disease includes large-vessel disease such as bilateral kidney artery stenosis and small-vessel disease such as ... Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a type of kidney disease in which a gradual loss of kidney function occurs over a period of ...
Animal fungal diseases, Mammal diseases, Arthrodermataceae, Fungi described in 1907). ... The species itself commonly infects humans whom are closely tied to these areas because of agricultural work. In these areas, ... such as greenhouses and plant nursery workers. School-age males are more prone than females because of contact in the soil. ... The diseases it causes is classified as tinea or ringworm, with an adjective prescribing to the afflicted body part. Infection ...
Also, 80 diseases are considered occupational diseases and are also covered by the program. The workers' compensation program ... The agencies in charge of providing the form of insurance are the industrial and agricultural employers' liability funds as ... Workers who have a loss of earning capacity for work injury or occupational disease of 20% or more receive a pension equal to ... workers' compensation programs. Today, in Germany, every worker is a member of a related Workers Compensation Institute ( ...
Members of the 5th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, Members of the 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party ... She ran a committee to combat epizootic diseases. In 2012, her career started to decline as she was stripped of her Politburo ... Kim worked in the agricultural and cooperatives section for most of her working life. During the Korean War, her efforts in ... She was appointed to the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea in 2010 and became one of six Vice Premiers of North Korea ...
In addition, most of the workers on the agricultural land were not farmers, but inexperienced short-term workers (braccianti), ... Disease spread rapidly and a major cholera epidemic broke out, killing at least 55,000 people. Most Italian governments could ... There were exceptions to the generally poor economic condition of agricultural workers of the South, as some regions near ... The industrial workers managed to organize in 1892 in the Partito dei Lavoratori Italiani (Italian Workers' Party), which in ...
Around 60 percent of African workers are employed in the agricultural sector, with about three-fifths of African farmers being ... Agriculture and Agronomy portal Food portal Cash Crops Disease Classification Agricultural value chain Energy crop Fiber crop ... In general, farmers lack access to agricultural inputs and finance, and do not have enough knowledge on good agricultural and ... A cash crop, also called profit crop, is an agricultural crop which is grown to sell for profit. It is typically purchased by ...
Exposure to animal with diseases are a risk for agricultural workers. Zoonosis are diseases that are transmitted from infected ... According to the 2013-2014 National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS), 75% of all agricultural workers were foreign born, 31% ... and other agricultural workers are more at risk for contracting zoonotic diseases. Examples of zoonotic diseases include ... This is in regards to not only agricultural workers operating machinery, but also workers in the fields, who experience pain ...
Nineteen Mexican agricultural workers in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada, have contracted the disease but none are reported ... "19 Mexican agricultural workers have contracted COVID-19 in Canada". El Universal. April 11, 2020. "Mexico creates the National ... Medical workers there and elsewhere have been advised not to wear their uniforms outside the hospital. The same day the total ... Two women were arrested in Querétaro for attacking a health worker. They face up to three years in prison and a fine of 24,644 ...
The toxic exposure to the chemicals in tanneries causes skin and respiratory disease amongst workers due to the lack of safety ... This affects groundwater systems and agricultural activities as the waste is usually dumped in landfills. The tanning industry ... "Prevalence of Health Diseases among Bangladeshi Tannery Workers and associated Risk factors with Workplace Investigation". ... The raw hides are also a breeding ground for anthrax left untreated this can be a potentially deadly disease. Chromium tanning ...
Logging workers have the highest fatality rate with 82.2 of every 100,000 full-time workers experiencing a fatal workplace ... 81% of these deaths are contributed to a variety of non-communicable diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, ... However, a 1999 paper says the ILO figures are underestimates-for example the agricultural sector, which has a higher than ... followed by fishing and hunting workers with 75.2 of every 100,000 full-time workers experiencing a fatal workplace injury. ...
... exposure has also been implicated as a contributing factor in the development of chronic kidney disease in agricultural workers ... and plant disease in glyphosate-resistant crops". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 60 (42): 10375-10397. doi:10.1021 ... kidney disease, ovarian disease, and parturition (birth) abnormalities in the grand offspring (F2) and great-grand-offspring ( ... On a wider front, there is the added concern that the widespread agricultural use of glyphosate may be contributing to ...
... and a near-starvation diet for the foreign workers. Imports of workers for agricultural work began as early as September 1939 ... 763,000 people were estimated to have died from malnutrition and the incidence of many serious diseases increased. The loss of ... German agriculture was backward with too many small or inefficient farms and agricultural workers. Farmers and agricultural ... Under the Weimar Republic agricultural workers shifted to the right wing as the left-wing Social Democratic Party and Communist ...
These diseases also cost the government in terms of healthcare provision and lost worker productivity through morbidity and ... Large-scale prevention campaigns are predicted to increase agricultural output and education levels. The low cost of treatment ... Contagious disease Fecal-oral transmission Neglected Tropical Disease Research and Development Drugs for Neglected Diseases ... and infectious disease experts over which diseases are classified as neglected tropical diseases. Feasey, a researcher in ...
... vets and agricultural workers have the highest suicide risk compared to other professions. According to an article in the ... some of the procedures conducted with patients who suffer diseases can generate dusts which are associated with lung diseases. ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US discussed guidance in a June 3, 2020 webinar. A caveat is that ... This can be calculated by considering the type and number of radiographs that will be taken by the worker. According to the ...
Results of search for su:{Agricultural workers diseases.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently ... Series: Protecting workers health series ; no. 1.Material type: Text; Format: print Publication details: Geneva : World Health ... Health of workers in agriculture / Mostafa A. El Batawi. by El Batawi, Mostafa A , World Health Organization. Regional Office ... Health and health services for plantation workers : four case studies / Richard Laing. by Laing, Richard , London School of ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; AHS, Agricultural Health Study; AHS swine-exposed, participants from the AHS who ... Swine Workers and Swine Influenza Virus Infections Gregory C. Gray*. , Troy McCarthy*, Ana W. Capuano*, Sharon F. Setterquist ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
Respiratory disease in agricultural workers: mortality and morbidity statistics. J Agromedicine. 2007;12:5-10. http://www.ncbi. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults - United States, 2011. MMWR Morb ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - United States, 2000-2005. MMWR ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and associated health-care resource use - ...
Diseases; Injuries; Occupational-diseases; Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Occupational- ... Chronic disease and injury in an agricultural county: The Keokuk County Rural Health Cohort Study. ... prospective cohort study focusing on chronic disease and injury in an agricultural southeastern Iowa county. The goals of the ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
Surveillance-programs; Public health; Diseases; Physicians; Health hazards; Hazards; Farm workers; Farmers; Agricultural ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ...
Categories: Agricultural Workers Diseases Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
April 2012). "Decreased kidney function among agricultural workers in El Salvador". American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 59 (4 ... autoimmune disease, glomerular disease, congenital kidney disease, obstructive kidney disease as a clear cause of kidney ... High incidence of kidney disease in young agricultural workers, mostly in sugarcane, was first reported in communities in ... Chronic kidney disease in agricultural communities in Central America. Washington, DC. 2013. Accessed June 13, 2013 (CS1 ...
The disease is a zoonosis endemic to and common in cattle worldwide. ... 6] The disease is commonly known among agricultural workers to be benign; therefore, it is rarely reported to doctors or other ... Milkers nodule is an occupational disease, mainly affecting milkers and farm workers caring for dairy cattle, as well as ... The disease is a zoonosis endemic to and common in cattle worldwide. Infections in cattle are also known as bovine papular ...
... (Lyme disease, Japanese Encephalitis, Yellow Fever) ... In South America sporadic infections occur almost exclusively in forestry and agricultural workers who are exposed ... Symptoms of acute Lyme disease. Symptoms of chronic Lyme disease. Treatment of Lyme disease. Prevention of Lyme disease. Lyme ... Vector-Borne Diseases (Lyme disease, Japanese Encephalitis, Yellow Fever) Centers for Disease Control, Division of Vector-Borne ...
Chronic Disease and Work: Emerging Evidence and Implications - ... to address growing heat risk for US agricultural workers. ... cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and mental illness), older workers, migrant and racial/ethnic minority workers, and those ... Johnson, R.J., C. Wesseling, and L.S. Newman, Chronic kidney disease of unknown cause in agricultural communities. New England ... CC may be associated with other negative health outcomes among workers. These health outcomes include kidney diseases, poor ...
... from preventable diseases such as cholera and measles through its ongoing work in capacitating health care workers for disease ... Every year, the rains gift Somali communities with much-needed water for their animals and agricultural activities. However, in ... learnt about communicable diseases and priority diseases that form part of the early warning alert and response network system ... how to analyze data and monitor trends of diseases; how to respond when there is a disease outbreak; and how to protect ...
Occupational Skin Disease Compensation Claims with Stephensons - No Win No Fee - Call our experienced and specialist solicitors ... Health and safety for farm and agricultural workers. As we enter spring - the growing season, farms become very industrious ... What is Legionnaires disease?. Legionnaires disease is a potentially fatal form of lung infection. It is normally contracted ... Who is affected by work-related skin disease?. Work-related skin disease continues to be common, particularly in certain ...
Valley Fever is a disease caused by a fungus called Coccidioides. You get it from inhaling the spores of the fungus. Its most ... Workers in jobs that expose them to soil dust. These include construction workers, agricultural workers, and military forces ... Tests for Lung Disease (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) Also in Spanish ... Valley Fever is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) called Coccidioides. The fungi live in the soil of dry areas like the ...
Yet many agricultural pesticides are killing pollinators outright, making them more susceptible to parasites and disease, and ... Protect workers.. Farmworkers are at greatest risk from pesticide exposure. A blatant example of systemic racism is imbedded in ... Yet many agricultural pesticides kill pollinators outright, make them more susceptible to parasites and disease, and destroy ... Protect workers. Farmworkers are at greatest risk from pesticide exposure. Systemic racism is imbedded in environmental risk ...
... be a health or environment specialist to realize that the conventional methods of treating agricultural pests and diseases ... rural workers get severely sick by constantly handling these toxic products; water supplies, including underground ones, are ... She asks "who else benefits" from conventional agricultural practices. I would argue that there are benefits to people who ... "agricultural defenses"). Therefore, the quantity and aggressiveness of these chemical products must be increased to overcome ...
Agricultural Workers' Diseases/prevention & control, Phytotherapy/methods, Comprehensive Health Care/organization & ... Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control, Off-Label Use, Clinical Trial Protocol, Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use, ...
... common protocol for studying acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease incidence and prevalence among agricultural workers ...
... and the global epidemic of Chronic Kidney Disease among agricultural workers. A member of VII Photo Agency since 2010, Kashi ...
Agricultural Workers Diseases Posture Intervention(s) Other: Observation Primary Outcome(s) Checklist Individual Strength ... Inclusion Criteria (For seasonal workers): - Volunteering to participate in the study. - To be between the ages of 18-34. - ... Having worked as a seasonal worker in Giresun for at least 1 month during the hazelnut harvest period. Inclusion Criteria (For ... Not having worked in any agricultural work during the summer period. - Living in the same socioeconomic environment as the ...
Agricultural Workers Disease Agricultural Workers Diseases Agricultural Workers Disease Disease, Agricultural Worker Disease, ... Workers Disease, Agricultural Workers Diseases, Agricultural Workers Disease, Agricultural Workers Diseases, Agricultural ... Agricultural Worker Disease Agricultural Worker Diseases Agricultural Workers Disease Agricultural Workers Diseases ... Disease, Agricultural Workers Diseases, Agricultural Worker Diseases, Agricultural Workers Diseases, Agricultural Workers ...
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of humans and animals that is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. ... field agricultural workers, abattoir workers, plumbers, meat handlers and slaughterhouse workers, coal miners, workers in the ... More severe disease manifests as icteric leptospirosis, also known as Weil disease, with the following features:. * Icterus or ... Leptospirosis was recognized as an occupational disease of sewer workers in 1883. In 1886, Adolph Weil published his historic ...
Tiny miracle workers. Pollination is vital to life on our planet. Bees and other pollinators have thrived for millions of years ... Pests and diseases resulting from reduced resistance of bee colonies and from globalization, which facilitates the transmission ... As farm fields have become larger, agricultural practices have also changed, focussing on a narrower list of crops and ... The process of securing effective pollinators to service agricultural fields is proving difficult to engineer, and there is a ...
Host resistance is a key management strategy in areas where these diseases are prevalent. ... Host resistance is a key management strategy in areas where these diseases are prevalent. ...
Mesoamerican nephropathy is a devastating disease of unknown etiology that affects mostly young agricultural workers in Central ... Through ongoing surveillance in Nicaragua, local physicians reported cases of acute MeN and CKD among agricultural workers. We ... From February 2015 to May 2017, 586 agricultural workers (median age 27.8 years, 90% male) presented with acute MeN. The ... RESULTS: Patients with Mesoamerican nephropathy and kidney failure were young agricultural workers, almost exclusively men; the ...
Chromoblastomycosis often occurs at the site of penetrating injury, particularly in farmers and other agricultural workers ...
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Rob Weyant. (medscape.com)
  • Image courtesy of the Public Health Image Library, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (medscape.com)
  • The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops. (bvsalud.org)
  • Maintaining and increasing yields in horticultural crops under agricultural development is important to health, nutrition, food security and better incomes for smallholder farmers. (fao.org)
  • Chromoblastomycosis often occurs at the site of penetrating injury, particularly in farmers and other agricultural workers without adequate protective footwear and clothing. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The MSA manages the social and family protection for the farming profession as a whole (farmers, salaried workers, white collars of agricultural institutions), which represents 5.600.000 people. (esip.org)
  • They also advise farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers on ways to improve land while safeguarding the environment. (bls.gov)
  • You would think that it has to do with mean farmers exploiting their workers to get rich, but it's not. (lu.se)
  • Inhalation - Inhalation exposure from Health effects are determined or powder glyphosate released into the atmosphere by the dose (how much), the The main targets of glyphosate toxicity in may occur on or near agricultural land. (cdc.gov)
  • Regardless of what mechanisms are eventually proven to be involved, researchers agree that preventive measures should include measures to ensure safe drinking water, adequate hydration, rest, and shade for workers at risk, as well as to reduce exposure to toxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Industrial work-related dermatitis is a type of occupational skin disease caused by exposure to harmful substances in the workplace. (stephensons.co.uk)
  • and the people who depend on agricultural products get all this exposure to poison, triggering a series of health problems. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Exposure to agricultural pesticides and other hazardous compounds is one chemical worry. (bedandstyle.com)
  • Exposure to diseases and other potentially dangerous organisms that may be found on farms or in crops is one of the biological risks. (bedandstyle.com)
  • a research consortium of cohort studies of agricultural workers or pesticide applicators and their families, to investigate the risk of cancer and other diseases related to pesticide exposure and other prevalent agricultural exposures ( https://agricoh.iarc.fr/ ). (who.int)
  • a cohort study on occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos in workers in mines and enrichment factories in the town of Asbest, Russian Federation ( https://asbest-study.iarc.fr/ ). (who.int)
  • Hazardous working environments, exposure to chemicals, poor wages, language difficulties, diseases such as alcoholism and cancer, poor living conditions and social isolation on farms are global issues. (lu.se)
  • The goals of the KCRHS are to prospectively describe, measure, and analyze prevalent rural and agriculturally related adverse health outcomes and their respective risk factors and to provide the basis for future community-based intervention programs to reduce disease and injury incidence. (cdc.gov)
  • MeN is prevalent in agricultural communities along the Pacific Ocean coastal lowlands Mesoamerica, including southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica. (wikipedia.org)
  • Host resistance is a key management strategy in areas where these diseases are prevalent. (cornell.edu)
  • One needn't be a health or environment specialist to realize that the conventional methods of treating agricultural pests and diseases produce a disequilibrium in the ecosystem and, consequently, in human beings. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Pests and diseases resulting from reduced resistance of bee colonies and from globalization, which facilitates the transmission of pests and diseases over long distances, pose a special threat. (fao.org)
  • They may spray chemicals on crops to treat diseases and pests. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence among adults who have never smoked, by industry and occupation - United States, 2013-2017. (cdc.gov)
  • Erratic weather conditions in 2020 have contributed to the manifestation of this disease on a large scale. (civilsocietyonline.com)
  • As farm fields have become larger, agricultural practices have also changed, focussing on a narrower list of crops and increasing the use of pesticides. (fao.org)
  • Changes in land use and landscape structure, intensive agricultural practices, monocultures and use of pesticides have led to large-scale losses, fragmentation and degradation of their habitats. (fao.org)
  • Is agricultural engagement associated with lower incidence or prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular disease risk factors? (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • We systematically searched MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library from January 1950 to January 2017 to assess the association of engaging in agriculture compared to types of non-agricultural employment (e.g. services and manufacturing) with CVD incidence, prevalence and risk factors. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • The New York Times recently reported new concerns about risks of cardiovascular disease among linemen in the National Football League and notes NIOSH's pioneering 1994 study that found a greater-than-expected incidence of heart attacks among linemen. (cdc.gov)
  • What has caused the incidence of the disease after such a long time? (civilsocietyonline.com)
  • Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of humans and animals that is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira . (medscape.com)
  • With urbanisation, developing nations are undergoing unprecedented labour-force transitions out of agriculture and into types of non-agricultural employment, mainly in the industry and service sectors. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • Agriculture may be rewarding, but workers must be aware of the risks. (bedandstyle.com)
  • Migrant workers in general have received some attention, but not within agriculture. (lu.se)
  • The aim of this study is to improve understanding of the natural history of this disease and to evaluate the impact of an educational and behavioral intervention on the trajectories of renal decline among a cohort of Guatemalan sugarcane workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Most recently, Connecticut partnered with the New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health (NYCAMH) to share Connecticut hospital discharge data for a new surveillance strategy for farming and forestry injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • If you knew that the cucumber you buy meant that a migrant worker had to hang upside down in a cucumber-picking machine and acquire injuries for life - would you have bought it? (lu.se)
  • Although most cases have been described among agricultural workers, MeN has also been described in other occupations, including miners, brick manufacturers, and fishermen. (wikipedia.org)
  • A common denominator among these occupations is that they are outdoor workers who reside in rural areas in hot and humid climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is considered the most common zoonosis in the world and is associated with settings of poor sanitation and agricultural occupations involving contact with animals or water. (medscape.com)
  • Many of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire. (bls.gov)
  • Learn more about conservation scientists and foresters by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. (bls.gov)
  • An epidemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) has emerged in the past two decades in agricultural communities, characterized by progressive renal failure with a dearth of early clinical symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • The disease has devastated many of the communities where it exists and has overwhelmed healthcare systems in affected countries, causing unknown morbidity and tens of thousands of deaths over the last 20 years in Mesoamerica alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar epidemics have been identified in both Sri Lanka and India, leading to the use of other terms that are not geographically specific, including Chronic Kidney Disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) or of non-traditional origin (CKDnt) and Chronic Interstitial Nephritis in Agricultural Communities (CINAC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Every year, the rains gift Somali communities with much-needed water for their animals and agricultural activities. (who.int)
  • In order to prevent disease outbreaks and help affected communities in a quick and effective manner, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) of the United Nations (UN) provided key support to the World Health Organization (WHO), and other UN agencies, to roll out a three-month project, titled the 'Anticipatory Action Plan' in 12 pre-identified districts. (who.int)
  • Some workers have a second certificate in horticultural or agricultural production. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • Thousands of migrant workers support the multi-million pound soft fruits industry in area. (ethicalconsumer.org)
  • How many migrant workers toil on our farms for low wages and in unreasonable working conditions? (lu.se)
  • ARE WE AWARE OF THE FACT that people are destroying their bodies in order to enable our children to eat locally produced organic food, and that low-cost fruit and vegetables at the grocery store is a result of the exploitation of migrant workers? (lu.se)
  • SVENSSONS´S REPORT ON MIGRANT WORKERS in the green industry is based on research conducted in other countries, mainly in North America. (lu.se)
  • However, I do think that isolation is a serious problem, especially on farms with few migrant workers. (lu.se)
  • Migrant workers worldwide and in Sweden accept poorer working conditions because of the potential alternative of being without a job completely. (lu.se)
  • Notably, it manages the prevention of risks of accidents at work and the occupational diseases. (esip.org)
  • A review of the state of knowledge on potential causes and mechanisms as of 2019 can be found in a summary of the Third International Workshop on Chronic Kidney Disease of Uncertain/Non-Traditional Etiology in Mesoamerica and Other Regions on Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Etiology held in March 2019. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease of unknown cause (CKDu), also known as Mesoamerican nephropathy, typically presents as an ischemic nephropathy with chronic tubulointerstitial fibrosis in normotensive patients, rapidly progressing to kidney failure. (bvsalud.org)
  • TFC Nursing students will lend their services in local health clinics, while Community Development students will be working with rural families to improve their livelihoods through agricultural and economic education. (tfc.edu)
  • This study supports the need to institute WERS interventions and to include mid-harvest screening protocols and longitudinal tracking of kidney function among sugarcane workers at high risk of CKDu. (cdc.gov)
  • Having worked as a seasonal worker in Giresun for at least 1 month during the hazelnut harvest period. (who.int)
  • A seasonal worker is suing the Spanish government for confining him to a makeshift home without water or basic supplies during the coronavirus pandemic. (ethicalconsumer.org)
  • Early detection of rapid kidney function decline combined with appropriate interventions hold promise for stopping or slowing progression of renal insufficiency among these workers. (cdc.gov)
  • By the time people realized the gravity of the situation, the disease had already assumed epidemic proportions," says Dr Rajender Jhobta, a surgeon and a keen horticulturist from the Jubbal belt. (civilsocietyonline.com)
  • Spraying trees, vines and other plants with chemicals to control weeds, insects, fungal growth and diseases. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • Chronic disease and injury in an agricultural county: The Keokuk County Rural Health Cohort Study. (cdc.gov)
  • The Keokuk County Rural Health Study (KCRHS) was designed as a 20-year, prospective cohort study focusing on chronic disease and injury in an agricultural southeastern Iowa county. (cdc.gov)
  • Rural populations have historically suffered the effects of a socio-economic model based on country estates and exploitation of workers. (bvsalud.org)
  • Therefore, in rural envi- ronments there are certain conditions that play a major role in the health-disease process and must be considered in health care planning. (bvsalud.org)
  • Workers in the healthcare industry may be exposed to contagious diseases as well as potentially dangerous substances. (bedandstyle.com)
  • Each year, an average of 10,000 patients from 33 villages receive quality healthcare and disease prevention education through HOI's four health clinics and visiting medical missions volunteers. (tfc.edu)
  • Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. (bvsalud.org)
  • The decline is likely to impact the production and costs of vitamin-rich crops like fruits and vegetables, leading to increasingly unbalanced diets and health problems, such as malnutrition and non-communicable diseases. (fao.org)
  • Fruit or nut farm workers perform routine tasks on fruit or nut farms, such as cultivating and fertilizing the soil, planting crops, watering and pruning. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • Unfortunately, most African governments do not recognize the roles of traditional medical practices and do not utilize them as part of human resources for health, particularly during disease outbreaks. (journalcra.com)
  • The former vice-chancellor of Dr Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr Vijay Singh Thakur, says, "Every disease goes through a boom and bust cycle. (civilsocietyonline.com)
  • Health and health services for plantation workers : four case studies / Richard Laing. (who.int)
  • Longitudinal Analysis of Occupational Disease Underreporting in Connecticut through Comparison of Existing Data Sources was completed for years 2010 through 2013, in collaboration with our partners at the University of Connecticut Health Center's Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (cdc.gov)
  • and enhance the capacity of health care workers to respond to health emergencies. (who.int)
  • During the training, health professionals who work with the Federal Government and Puntland State, like Mohamed, learnt about communicable diseases and priority diseases that form part of the early warning alert and response network system (EWARN). (who.int)
  • Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), Chronic non-infectious respiratory diseases (like COPD), Cancers and Diabetes Mel itus are referred as essential non-communicable disease with wel established common modifiable risk factors. (who.int)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Smoking Status - United States, 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • for contaminated air, water, or soil near absorbed through the respiratory tract, However, because glyphosate and AMPA agricultural land or residential areas but very little glyphosate is absorbed are not expected to stay in the body for where glyphosate was used. (cdc.gov)
  • Workplace screening identifies clinically significant and potentially reversible kidney injury in heat-exposed sugarcane workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Snakebite envenoming is a potentially life-threatening disease that typically results from the injection of a mixture of different toxins ("venom") following the bite of a venomous snake. (who.int)
  • Donald Smith v. H&H Transportation, Inc., No. A-3568-21 (Dec. 20, 2023) - The Appellate Division affirmed the workers' compensation order denying the petitioner's motion for medical/temporary benefits. (jdsupra.com)
  • Although agricultural labourers have been classified as 'essential workers' by the Spanish government, many of those in the settlements have been unable to go to the farms, due to limitations of two people per vehicle, or because their companies have shut down. (ethicalconsumer.org)
  • Agricultural workers may be endangered by animals, chemicals, and machines. (bedandstyle.com)
  • Although the diseases are clinically similar and affect similar populations in each country, whether these are all manifestations of the same disease or different diseases with superficial resemblance remains to be definitively demonstrated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Valley Fever is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) called Coccidioides. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Our dedicated team of industrial dermatitis claims lawyers have experience dealing with all kinds of occupational dermatitis compensation claims including work related skin disease cases. (stephensons.co.uk)
  • Cigarette smoking, tooth loss, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (cdc.gov)
  • Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as the leading cause of death globally and also in the South East Asia region due to many social determinants like unhealthy lifestyles, globalization, trade and marketing, demographic and economic transitions, leading to behavioral and metabolic risk factors. (who.int)
  • On the brighter side, major NCD risk factors are behaviorally modifiable and are influenced by socio- economic conditions, making socio-economic factors as both cause and effect of these diseases. (who.int)
  • Electrocution is an added risk for construction workers since they often use electrical equipment. (bedandstyle.com)
  • Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) is an endemic, non-diabetic, non-hypertensive chronic kidney disease (CKD) characterized by reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with mild or no proteinuria and no features of known primary glomerular diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is a zoonosis endemic to and common in cattle worldwide. (medscape.com)
  • Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a fruit or nut farm worker. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • Fruit Farm Workers Needed - Written Orchards Limited is looking for the workers of six fruit fields from 1st May to 30th November, 2018. (jobsvacancy.us)
  • This data analysis allowed CT DPH to better understand the scope of occupational disease underreporting in Connecticut. (cdc.gov)
  • Non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes and cancer account for more than half of the global disease burden, and 75% of related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • This dedicated page aims to educate you about work-related skin diseases, their causes, symptoms, prevention measures, and the legal options available to seek compensation for the harm you have suffered. (stephensons.co.uk)
  • Whether you have developed dermatitis, eczema, or any other skin disease as a result of your work, we are here to provide expert guidance and support. (stephensons.co.uk)
  • Who is affected by work-related skin disease? (stephensons.co.uk)
  • Why choose our work-related skin disease claims solicitors? (stephensons.co.uk)
  • Not having worked in any agricultural work during the summer period. (who.int)
  • On behalf of the Swedish Work Environment Authority and together with researchers at Malmö University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Måns Svensson has written a report titled "Migrantarbete inom den gröna näringen" (Migrant work in the green industry). (lu.se)
  • As for other neglected tropical diseases, estimation of global morbidity, disability and mortality due to snakebite envenoming is problematic. (who.int)
  • delayed puberty in males, and increases in Environment organ system diseases in offspring. (cdc.gov)
  • The biggest thing I learnt is that if we do not detect, report and respond to some of the diseases in good time, they can spread fast and cause a large number of deaths. (who.int)
  • I also gained knowledge and skills on how to fill data in registers correctly and accurately, using reliable data, as well as how to follow up on disease trends and analyze them to stop the spread of diseases. (who.int)
  • Scheduled for September 17th-23rd, it's organized by the National Education Center for Agricultural Safety (NECAS). (griffinfertilizer.com)
  • As a result, the country's need for foreign agricultural products sharply increased. (bmmagazine.co.uk)
  • If one were to generalise, it is the result of major buyers and food giants forcing the price of agricultural products down so much they have to implement poor working conditions in order to compete", says Måns Svensson. (lu.se)
  • According to the NECAS website , "2021 data for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that the agricultural sector is still the most dangerous in America with 453 fatalities. (griffinfertilizer.com)