Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.MinnesotaMidwestern United States: The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Manihot: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Metal Ceramic Alloys: The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Yttrium: An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Y, atomic number 39, and atomic weight 88.91. In conjunction with other rare earths, yttrium is used as a phosphor in television receivers and is a component of the yttrium-aluminum garnet (YAG) lasers.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Support Vector Machines: Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Influenza B virus: Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus: Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.NebraskaAmaranthus: A plant genus, in the family AMARANTHACEAE, best known as a source of high-protein grain crops and of Red Dye No. 2 (AMARANTH DYE). Tumbleweed sometimes refers to Amaranthus but more often refers to SALSOLA.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.ArchivesPesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.

*Pandemic H1N1/09 virus

For example, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (9 April 2010). "2009 H1N1 Flu:Situation Update". Centers for Disease ... A 2004 study found that in Iowa, 20 percent of swine veterinarians and 3 percent of meatpackers, but no university workers, had ... suggesting a need to increase agricultural surveillance to prevent future outbreaks. 2009 flu pandemic 2009 flu pandemic in ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 21 April 2009. MacKenzie, Debora (27 May 2009). "Deadly new flu virus in US and ...

*Avian influenza

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US) recommendation is that if a worker develops symptoms within 10 days of ... Backyard poultry production was viewed as "traditional Asian" agricultural practices that contrasted with modern commercial ... Often, donor support can focus on HPAI control alone, while similar diseases such as Newcastle disease, acute fowl cholera, ... Though the virus can spread through airborne secretions, the disease itself is not an airborne disease. Highly pathogenic ...

*Antonio Segni

A law of 21 March 1959 extended insurance against occupational diseases to agricultural workers (for 7 diseases). A law of 17 ... he studied to become a lawyer with a degree in agricultural and commercial law. Segni joined the Italian People's Party ( ...

*Bronchitis

"Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in farmers and agricultural workers-an overview". Annals of Agricultural and ... Craven, V; Everard, ML (January 2013). "Protracted bacterial bronchitis: reinventing an old disease". Archives of Disease in ... and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 9-17. ... Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases. About 5% of adults are affected and about 6% of children have at least one ...

*Spanish Guinea

... the island's economy came to depend on imported agricultural contract workers. A labour treaty was signed with the Republic of ... With the indigenous Bubi population decimated by disease and forced labour, ... The number of clandestine contract workers on the island of Fernando Po grew to 20,000 in 1942. A labour treaty was signed with ... This led to a continuous stream of Nigerian workers going to Spanish Guinea. By 1968 at the time of independence, almost ...

*History of Equatorial Guinea

... the island's economy came to depend on imported agricultural contract workers. A Labour Treaty was signed with the Republic of ... With the indigenous Bubi population decimated by disease and forced labour, ... A labour treaty was signed in the same year, and a continuous stream of workers arrived in Spanish Guinea. It was this treaty ... The number of clandestine contract workers on the island of Fernando Po grew to 20,000 in 1942. ...

*Imnajbu

... 's farms are not scientific, but government agricultural extension workers give direction and support to farming methods ... The farmers seldom have problems like plant and animal diseases and pests. Today's Imnajbian farmer still could barely feed his ...

*Uyugan, Batanes

Uyugan's farms are not scientific, but government agricultural extension workers give direction and support to farming methods ... The farmers seldom have problems like plant and animal diseases and pests. Today's Isantonino farmer still could barely feed ...

*João Baptista de Lacerda

He also studied several infectious diseases of agricultural importance, such as in horses and cattle. Most of the research ... An indefatigable worker, Lacerda also began research on microbiology, beriberi and yellow fever. ...

*Nitrogen dioxide

Workers in industries where NO 2 is used are also exposed and are at risk for occupational lung diseases, and NIOSH has set ... Agricultural workers can be exposed to NO 2 arising from grain decomposing in silos; chronic exposure can lead to lung damage ... Gurney, J. W.; Unger, J. M.; Dorby, C. A.; Mitby, J. K.; von Essen, S. G. (1991). "Agricultural disorders of the lung". ... of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology. ...

*Farmworker

Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (2007-106)". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-10 ... Hired workers currently account for about one-third of agricultural workers. The remainder of agricultural workers are farm ... www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/h-2a-agricultural-workers/h-2a-temporary-agricultural-workers Bon Appetit ... Agricultural service workers (which include labor provided by labor contractors) make up 27 percent of the hired workers. A ...

*National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety

Lee, Barbara C (2007). "Agricultural employers' hiring and safety practices for adolescent workers". Journal of Agriculture ... in the United States to support feasibility and pilot projects on prevention of childhood agricultural disease and injury. ... and mentoring by adult workers. North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks is a collection of guidelines to ... "Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center - Ag Safety Grants up to $20,000 Offered by National Children's Center". ...

*Mesoamerican nephropathy

2012). "Biological sampling report: Investigating biomarkers of kidney injury and chronic kidney disease among workers in ... for presenting the disease, when compared to other agricultural communities working the same type of crops, but located at ... displaystyle \emptyset } no prevalence of disease in region 1 A no prevalence of disease in region 2 B no prevalence of disease ... B prevalence of disease in region 5 B,C prevalence of disease in region 6 C,A prevalence of disease in region 7 A,B,C ...

*Coccidioides posadasii

... and agricultural workers. Diagnoses of active disease and skin testing, showed that it was also found in southern Nevada and ... Studies by Cooke on the immunology of the disease, and in 1927 a filtrate of culture specimens, later named coccidioidin, began ...

*Worker's compensation (Germany)

67 diseases are considered occupational diseases and are also covered by the program. The workers' compensation program is ... except for the government's coverage for students and children and a government subsidy to the Agricultural Accident Fund). The ... Workers who have a loss of earning capacity due to work injury or occupational disease of 20% or more receive a pension equal ... Worker's compensation in Germany is a national, compulsory program that insures workers for injuries or illness incurred ...

*Sporotrichosis

... and agricultural workers. It enters through small cuts and abrasions in the skin to cause the infection. In case of ... Because roses can spread the disease, it is one of a few diseases referred to as rose-thorn or rose-gardeners' disease. Because ... Sporotrichosis (also known as "rose gardener's disease") is a disease caused by the infection of the fungus Sporothrix ... This fungal disease usually affects the skin, although other rare forms can affect the lungs, joints, bones, and even the brain ...

*Fungal keratitis

Prevention of trauma with vegetable / organic matter, particularly in agricultural workers while harvesting can reduce the ... List of eye diseases and disorders Tinea "Fusarium Keratitis --- Multiple States, 2006." Centers for Disease Control and ... This disease is quite common in the tropics and with large agrarian population. India has a high number of cases with fungal ... Many people come with fungal keratitis in the only eye and thus become blind due to the disease. The lack of education and ...

*Electric ant

Some workers and farmers may have issues properly harvesting crops in high density little fire ant agricultural areas. Research ... while the sterile workers whose physical strength and disease resistance are important are produced sexually. Parthenogenesis ... Sterile workers usually are produced from eggs fertilized by males. In some of the eggs fertilized by males, however, the ... As a result of the ant's presence in agricultural fields, crop yields diminish, and have a negative economic effect on any ...

*Needlestick injury

In places with higher rates of blood-borne diseases in the general population, healthcare workers are more susceptible to ... and agricultural workers. There is no standard system for collecting and tracking needlestick injuries in the community, which ... Law enforcement workers, like healthcare workers, under-report needlestick injuries. In San Diego, 30% of police reported ... and agricultural workers. Though the acute physiological effects of a needlestick injury are generally negligible, these ...

*Agriculture in the United States

... worker reluctance to report poisonings, and the transient nature of agricultural workers". Female agricultural workers face the ... work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, skin diseases, chemical-related illnesses, and certain cancers ... "National Agricultural Workers Survey (1994-1995)". "National Agricultural Workers Survey (1994-1995)". "WPS Standards". "The ... with approximately one in five agricultural workers in the United States being women. Women agricultural workers in the United ...

*1985 Birthday Honours

Leonard Arthur Pitts, Agricultural Worker, E. W. Pepper Ltd. (Fanners), Hertfordshire. John Kitchener Platt. For services to ... Alfred Henry Prentice, Medical Photographer, Institute of Neurology National Hospital for Nervous Diseases. Ralph Ralph, ... For services to agricultural education. Emeritus Prof. John Rushforth McCreary. For services to social welfare. Dr Donald ... For services to the agricultural industry particularly in the South West. Alan Joseph Cryer, lately City Engineer, Westminster ...

*Organophosphate

In the US alone, more than 650 agricultural workers have been poisoned since 1966, of which 100 died. In underdeveloped ... in the case of farm workers-can lead to health problems, including increased risks for cardiovascular and respiratory disease, ... Other than for agricultural use, the organophosphate diazinon has been banned in the U.S. More than one million pounds of ... Field workers who are exposed to pesticides continue to further expose their families in their residences, especially through ...

*Agriculture in Liberia

less payment to workers low power or heavy machine Alongside cassava, rice is the staple food of the republic, with 238,000 ... The shrub makes up 23% of Liberian agricultural GDP and is now the second most important food crop. It can be grown throughout ... Diseases and unavailability of veterinary services. Lack of adequate training of available livestock officers. Lack of ... Although agricultural activity occurs in most rural locations, it is particularly concentrated in coastal plains (subsistence ...

*Aerosol

... for dispersal and agricultural application of pesticides; for medical treatment of respiratory disease; and in fuel injection ... At nanotechnology workplaces, workers can be exposed via inhalation to potentially toxic substances during handling and ... Diseases can also spread by means of small droplets in the breath, also called aerosols. Aerosol science covers generation and ...

*New Economic Policy

After the NEP was instituted, agricultural production increased greatly. Instead of the government taking all agricultural ... Farmers and factory workers were ordered to produce, and food and goods were seized and issued by decree. While this policy ... Infectious diseases thrived, especially typhus. Shipments of food and fuel by railroad and water dramatically decreased. City ... which increased supply and thus lowered the price of these agricultural products. This fall in prices of agricultural goods and ...

*Kibiro

Workers sprinkle dry earth over this, which draws the salt up from the earth. The soil is then collected and placed in a sieve ... Good, Charles M (1972). "Salt, Trade, and Disease: Aspects of Development in Africa's Northern Great Lakes Region". The ... that lies on the south-eastern shore of Lake Albert The residents of the village are unable to produce their own agricultural ... it is believed that the salt-workers are more likely to run out of firewood. The Bunyoro shore of Lake Albert has relatively ...

*Occupational dust exposure

Wood dust, commonly referred to as "sawdust", is another occupational dust hazard that can pose a risk to workers' health. ... Without proper safety precautions, dust exposure can lead to occupational lung diseases. Pneumoconiosis Organic dust toxic ... syndrome Occupational hazards associated with exposure to human nail dust Occupational safety and health Agricultural safety ...
The Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program delivers benefits to eligible employees and former employees of the Department of Energy, its contractors and subcontractors or to certain survivors of such individuals, as provided in the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act. The mission also includes delivering benefits to certain beneficiaries of Section five of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act.
HHS gives notice concerning the final effect of the HHS decision to designate a class of employees at the Hood Building in Cambridge, Massachusetts, as an addition to the Special Exposure Cohort (SEC) under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000. On March 31,...
Silver, K., Kukulka, G., Gorniewicz, J., and Rayman, K., Genetic susceptibility testing for beryllium: Worker Knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, Amer. J. of Industrial Med., 54(7): 521-32 (July 2011) Dobbin, D., Turpin, R.D., Silver, K. et al, Hazardous Waste. Chapter 10. In: Occupational Health: Recognizing and Preventing Work-Related Disease and Injury, 5 th edition. Levy, B.S., Wegman, D.H., Baron, S., and Sokas, R. Eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. Silver, K. and Clapp, R., Environmental surveillance at Los Alamos: an independent reassessment of historical data, Risk Analysis, 26(4): 893-906 (August 2006) Silver, K. and Sharp, R., Ethical considerations in testing workers for the -Glu69 marker of genetic susceptibility to chronic beryllium disease, 48(4): 434-443 (April 2006) Silver, K., The Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act. AAOHN Journal, 53(6): 267-77 (June 2005) SELECTED PRESENTATIONS Green, C.C. and Silver, K., Analysis of the Energy ...
NOTICE OF FINAL DECISION This is the decision of the Final Adjudication Branch (FAB) concerning the above-noted claim for benefits under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000, as amended (EEOICPA), 42 U.S.C. 7384 et seq. For the reasons stated below, this claim for survivor benefits under Part B of EEOICPA based on chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is denied.. STATEMENT OF THE CASE. On September 13, 2010, the claimant filed a Form EE-2 claiming survivor benefits as the alleged surviving spouse of [Employee], and alleged that the employee had contracted bladder cancer, colon cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic renal failure, coronary artery disease, and CBD due to his work. On July 1, 2011, FAB issued a final decision accepting this claim under Part E of EEOICPA as the surviving spouse of [Employee]. In that decision, FAB found that [Employee] was a covered Department of Energy (DOE) contractor employee at the Portsmouth Gaseous ...
HHS gives notice concerning the final effect of the HHS decision to designate a class of employees from the Feed Materials Production Center in Fernald, Ohio, as an addition to the Special Exposure Cohort (SEC) under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000. On...
Employees of the federal government have an entirely different set of workers compensation laws to follow. Colorado workers compensation laws do not apply to federal employees.. Workers compensation laws, rules and procedures are managed by the Office of Workers Compensation Programs (OWCP) in the Department of Labor (DOL). The head of the DOL is a member of the Presidents cabinet and is subject to confirmation by the Senate upon appointment.. More specifically, the OWCP manages four separate compensation programs for injured workers that provide wage-loss benefits, medical treatment and vocational training for injured workers and their dependents. These include:. • Division of Federal Employees Compensation (DFEC) - Extends workers compensation coverage to over 3 million civilian employees worldwide, including postal workers, for on-the-job injuries and occupational ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The characteristics of some populations make epidemiological measurement extremely difficult. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors that explain variation among incidence densities and proportions of one occupational illness, green tobacco sickness, within one such special population, Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the United States. DESIGN: Prospecti
Reported cases of green tobacco sickness (GTS) in tobacco field workers in Kentucky were reviewed. There were 27 cases reported to the Occupational Health Nurses in Agricultural Communities project in a 2 week period in September, 1992. Inpatient and emergency department medical records at five hospitals were reviewed for the period 1 May through 2 October; there were 55 persons in whom GTS had be
Revised Abstract) DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-133r. Chlorobenzene DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-102. Chloroform DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. [75-114]. Cyclohexanethiol DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-213. 2-Diethylaminoethanol DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-104. Ethylene Dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane) DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-211. Ethyl Ether DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-103. Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-118. Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Acetate DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-118. Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-119. Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether Acetate DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-119. Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-119. Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-119. Glycidyl Ethers DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-166. Isopropyl Alcohol DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-142. Ketones DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-173. Metalworking Fluids DHHS ...
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The invention is directed to a microbiological interception enhanced filter medium, preferably having an adsorbent prefilter located upstream from the filter medium. Preferably, the prefilter is adapted to remove natural organic matter in an influent prior to the influent contacting the microbiological interception enhanced filter medium, thereby preventing loss of charge on the filter medium. The microbiological interception enhanced filter medium is most preferably comprised of fibrillated cellulose fibers, in particular, lyocell fibers. At least a portion of the surface of the at least some of the fibers have formed thereon a microbiological interception enhancing agent comprising a cationic metal complex. A filter medium of the present invention provides greater than about 4 log viral interception, and greater than about 6 log bacterial interception.
The invention is directed to a microbiological interception enhanced filter medium, preferably having an adsorbent prefilter located upstream from the filter medium. Preferably, the prefilter is adapted to remove natural organic matter in an influent prior to the influent contacting the microbiological interception enhanced filter medium, thereby preventing loss of charge on the filter medium. The microbiological interception enhanced filter medium is most preferably comprised of fibrillated cellulose fibers, in particular, lyocell fibers. At least a portion of the surface of the at least some of the fibers have formed thereon a microbiological interception enhancing agent comprising a cationic metal complex. A filter medium of the present invention provides greater than about 4 log viral interception, and greater than about 6 log bacterial interception.
Tobacco (Nicotina tobaccum) can generate a large amount of inexpensive biomass more efficiently. The current research is focused on using green tobacco as a feedstock for ethanol production. Acid pretreatment of green tobacco leaves increases efficiency of saccharification by releasing high amount of sugar monomers from complex polymer. It is easiest way to produce bio-ethanol from green tobacco leaves by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as there is no need of any additional supporting media.. ...
When I moved to North Carolina 7 years ago I didnt think much about one of the bedrocks of the North Carolina economy: Tobacco. Its a business dying a slow death, and one only has to look at the closed-up buildings that once housed powerful tobacco conglomerates, such as Liggett and Myers, in downtown Durham.…
The table summarises what is currently known about GTS. The toxic agent, exposure environment, exposure attributes, symptoms, illness onset, duration of illness, treatment, risk reduction, potential public health responses, and economic impact are identified. The magnitude of GTS is not well understood. Unfortunately, surveillance systems have been instituted in only a few states and most published research on GTS is descriptive studies. Treatment is discussed rarely and the magnitude of GTS has not been assessed in sufficient detail. Much of the research cites the same few studies completed many years ago, most of which were conducted in the United States. As the tobacco industry expands production capabilities to the developing world, greater numbers of workers will be exposed to GTS and thus international studies of GTS are badly needed. For example, worldwide output of flue-cured tobacco has nearly tripled over the past 30 years, although the American contribution to the world market has ...
Agricultural workers are exposed to a variety of chemical, physical, and biological hazards in the process of cultivating and harvesting crops and/or raising livestock (Litchfield 1999; Popendorf and Donham 1991; Shaver and Tong 1991; White and Cessna 1989). In addition to pesticides, occupational exposure to solvents, metals, engine exhaust, welding fumes, and grain dusts are prevalent in agriculture (Coble et al. 2002; Shaver and Tong 1991). However, the potential health effects of agricultural pesticide exposures are of particular interest, as these chemicals are designed to have adverse biological effects on target organisms. To address this concern, the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) was initiated in 1993 to explore the potential health effects of pesticide exposures in commercial pesticide applicators, farmers, and their families in Iowa and North Carolina, USA. The AHS is a collaborative research project including the U.S. National ...
Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C.A. § 651 et seq., a business that negligently jeopardizes the lives or health of its workers commits a federal misdemeanor.. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 created the LABOR DEPARTMENTs Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to serve as the federal governments workplace-safety watchdog, and the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC) to rule on cases, forwarded to it by the Labor Department, of disagreements over the results of OSHA safety and health inspections.. The act authorizes civil fines up to $10,000 for instances where employers "willfully" expose workers to "serious" harm or death. Any act of criminal negligence can result in imprisonment of up to six months.. The Labor Departments assistant secretary for occupational safety and health has responsibility for overseeing OSHA. OSHA has its headquarters in Washington, D.C., and maintains ten regional offices. It ...
December 18, 2008. Do the boots worn by fire fighters unintentionally put some of them at risk, particularly as the population of fire fighters becomes more diverse and one size or style may not fit all? Scientists at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Healths (NIOSH) laboratories in Morgantown, W.Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa., are conducting research to understand the physiological and biomechanical effects of boot weight on male and female fire fighters.. More than 1.1 million men and women work as fire fighters in the U.S. Fire fighters have an increased risk of occupational injuries and fatalities due to the stressful nature of their work and the complexity of their work environment. According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), fire fighters suffered an estimated 80,100 occupational injuries in 2007. About a quarter of these injuries were due to overexertion and another quarter were due to falls.. As part of their personal protective equipment, most fire fighters ...
Agricultural Health Study Cohort data (Alavanja et al., 2003; 2004); Cancer incidence among glyphosate-exposed pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study (De Roos et al., 2005); Depression and pesticide exposures among private pesticide applicators enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study (Beseler et al., 2008); Prevalence of self-reported diabetes and exposure to organochlorine pesticides among Mexican Americans: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-1984 (Cox et al., 2007); Rhinitis associated with pesticide exposure among commercial pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study (Slager et al., 2009); Pesticide exposure and timing of menopause (Farr et al., 2006); Health impacts of pesticide exposure in a cohort of outdoor workers (Beard et al., 2003); additional sources cited in ...
Infrared thermography techniques have been used for many years in the non-destructive testing and evaluation (NDT and E) of materials and structures. The main advantage of thermography over classical NDT techniques resides in the possibility of inspecting large areas in a fast and safe manner without needing to have access to both sides of the component. Nonetheless infrared thermography is limited to the detection of relatively shallow defects (a few millimetres under the surface), since it is affected by 3D heat diffusion. However, the most common types of anomalies found on composites, such as GRP wind turbine blades are delaminations, disbonds, water ingress, node failure and core crushing, and can be effectively detected and sometimes quantified using active thermographic techniques. This research work presents the use of infrared thermography on glass reinforced plastic (GRP) wind turbine blades assessment. Finally, the development of an autonomous, novel and lightweight multi-axis ...
Occupational Safety and Health in Florida. WASHINGTON - The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has scheduled a meeting of the Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health for Sept. 1-2, 2015, in Tampa, Fla. The Longshoring and Shipyard Work Groups will meet Sept. 1 and the full committee will meet Sept. 2.. The full committee agenda items include a presentation on OSHA 10 and 30-hour Maritime Outreach Training; an OSHA field report on maritime activities; an overview of OSHAs Maritime Steering Committee; and reports from the Longshoring and Shipyard workgroups.. The Longshoring and Shipyard work groups will discuss Shipyard Competent Person programs; fire and rescue services in shipyards; updates to the OSHA eTool for shipyards; container lashing safety; baggage handling in cruise terminal operations; mechanic safety in longshoring operations; and translating OSHA maritime guidance documents into Spanish. Committee and work groups meetings will convene at the ...
A Guide to Procedures of the N.C. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission Occupational Safety and Health Division N.C. Department of Labor 1101 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-1101 Cherie Berry Commissioner of Labor 2 N.C. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Program Cherie Berry Commissioner of Labor OSHA State Plan Designee Allen McNeely Deputy Commissioner for Safety and Health Kevin Beauregard Assistant Deputy Commissioner for Safety and Health Edward E. Lewis Jr. Reviewer Acknowledgments A Guide to Procedures of the United States Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission provided ideas and a framework for the materials in this booklet and additional information was provided by N.C. Department of Labor employees Gilbert H. Jackson III and Doris Hinton. The information in this guide was updated in 2011. This guide is intended to be consistent with all existing OSHA standards; therefore, if an area is considered by the reader to be inconsistent with a ...
Alavanja, M. C. R., Dosemeci, M., Samanic, C., Lubin, J., Lynch, C., & Knott, C. (2004). Pesticides and lung cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study cohort. American Journal of Epidemiology, 160, 876 - 885 ...
Another name for Miners Pneumoconiosis is Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis. The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment ...
commercial pesticide applicator & commercial pesticide applicator online Wholesalers - choose commercial pesticide applicator from 1213 list of China commercial pesticide applicator Manufacturers.
Federal Register Volume 82, Number 13 (Monday, January 23, 2017)] [Notices] [Pages 7867-7868] From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov] [FR Doc No: 2017-01414] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket No. OSHA-2017-0003] Michigan State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Marine Construction AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: This document gives notice of OSHAs approval of a change to the State of Michigans Occupational Safety and Health State Plan that clarifies that marine construction is included in its State Plan. Therefore, OSHA announces an amendment to the Operational Status Agreement between OSHA and the Michigan State Plan to clarify Michigans coverage of marine construction. DATES: ...
A collaboration on long-term follow-up of the Agricultural Health Study Cohort - a cohort of pesticide applicators and their spouses. This project includes active follow-up with participants to identify long-term health effects potentially linked to agricultural exposures. Funding is provided by NIEHS, scientific input by NIOSH and NCI. ...
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is offering a series of free, confidential health screenings to coal miners throughout the United States.. The screenings are intended to provide early detection of coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung, a serious but preventable occupational lung disease in coal miners caused by breathing respirable coal mine dust.. The health screenings will be provided through the state-of-the-art NIOSH mobile testing unit at convenient community and mine locations.. NIOSH will provide the health screening for these coal miners under its Enhanced Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program. This public health outreach is in response to a well-documented increase in serious disease, and in response to new regulations requiring that health screenings be offered to surface miners.. This years first focus started the week of April 11 and ends on May 20, 2016, in coal mining regions throughout Oklahoma, ...
Regulatory frameworks exist to address vital issues related to food safety and environmental protection in regard to GMO applications. However, little research or regulatory oversight currently exists addressing the potential impact of genetically modified/engineered crops on the health and safety of agricultural workers. Some studies have evaluated the health effects of Bt in agricultural workers. In a public health survey, a large number of individuals were exposed to a massive Bt pesticide spraying program. Some of the symptoms reported included rash and angioedema. One of the spray workers developed dermatitis, pruritus, swelling, and erythema with conjunctival injection. Bt was cultured from the conjunctiva in this case. In 1992 the use of Bt as part of an Asian gypsy moth control program was associated with symptoms of allergic rhinitis, exacerbations of asthma, and skin reactions among individuals exposed to the ...
Advice for agricultural workers in North Carolina Consejos para los trabajadores agrícolas en Carolina del Norte Agricultural Safety and Health Guide Cherie Berry Commissioner of Labor, Comisionada del Trabajo Guía de Seguridad y Salud Agraria Agricultural Safety and Health Guide Guía de Seguridad y Salud Agraria Advice for agricultural workers in North Carolina Consejos para los trabajadores agrícolas en Carolina del Norte Departamento del Trabajo de Carolina del Norte Division of Agriculture Safety and Health Oficina de la Seguridad y de la Salud en Agricultura Cherie Berry Commissioner of Labor, Comisionada del Trabajo ii Contenido Página El Departamento del Trabajo de Carolina del Norte.......................................... iii Glosario....................................................................................................................... ................ iv Los Estados Unidos ...
This document discusses, among other things, a wind turbine blade pitch system for moving the blades to control their pitch in the event of a power failure. The system includes at least one backup that has a non-electrical component that can pitch the blades in the event that the power failure adversely affects the electrical blade pitch actuator system. Embodiments include pitch systems that have a plurality of pitch driving systems including, but not limited to electrical systems, hybrid electrical/mechanical systems and non-electrical systems. The non-electrical systems include mechanical, pneumatic or hydraulic systems.
Currently most of the aerodynamic shape design of wind turbine blades is still based on the blade element-momentum (BEM) theory with 2D airfoil data from wind tunnel experiments or CFD predictions. 3D stall delay phenomenon happens, resulting in great difference of airfoil loading from the 2D data. A general model for 3D stall delay, related with all the possible parameters, are proposed by use of the Πtheorem Based on NREL Phase VI experimental data, comparisons and analysis of two 3D stall delay models, Chaviaropoulos & Hansen and Du & Selig models are made. The model parameters in Chaviaropoulos & Hansen models are systematically tested. A correction for improving this model is put forward and compared with the experimental data. ...
agricultural worker job vacancies, careers and recruitment. Thousands open positions for agricultural worker job openings in oldentrup, Germany on GermanyJobsdb.org
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has maintained that "there is no safe level of asbestos exposure for any type of asbestos fiber," but despite these warnings, asbestos is still legal and still used in the United States. Different government agencies have their own rules and regulations for asbestos control to maintain exposure levels in the workplace and the environment. Those who work directly with asbestos consistently have a higher chance of contracting an asbestos-related disease than those who do not. Regulations and guidelines have been installed to keep the level of asbestos exposure at a minimum and are necessary among those who are in danger of being exposed in the work place.. Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) ...
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of mortality among U.S. Hispanic/Latino farmworkers. Since Hispanics/Latinos, in general, are twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to have elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT), a biomarker of suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, it is vital to understand the CVD risk factor-ALT relationship in Hispanic/Latino farmworkers. This study investigated the elevated ALT status in Hispanic/Latino farmworkers and the relationships between ALT and CVD risk markers.Methods: In 210 Hispanic/Latino farmworkers (48% female; aged 35.2 ± 9.2 years), fasting blood samples were measured for serum ALT, and elevated ALT was defined by | 43 U/L. CVD risk markers were measured with standard methods and defined according to the definitions of metabolic syndrome.Results: The overall prevalence for elevated ALT was 12.4%. Significant linear upward trends across tertiles of serum ...
There are a number of NHCA members who provide consulting services, including guidance on developing hearing conservation programs and materials. In addition, NHCA has developed educational materials on hearing conservation, including a series of practical guides on hearing conservation topics. The NHCA website contains a searchable bibliography on hearing conservation-related materials (courtesy of Elliott Berger at E-A-R) which includes hundreds of useful articles on noise and hearing loss. The website also contains information on various hearing conservation regulatory requirements. NHCA has recently published an electronic series of Practical Guides on hearing conservation. NHCA is currently working to develop a model hearing conservation program for several industries, including construction.. ...
Sipping raw, whole, grass-fed milk is a bit like tasting fine wine: a familiar experience, but much more special.. That was my feeling when I drank a glass this week from De Smet Dairy in Bosque Farms, New Mexico, a small town nestled in the middle Rio Grande Valley.. With his wife Erica, Mike De Smet, a mid-thirties, third-generation farmer, owns and operates the states only Grade A dairy farm and bottling facility for raw milk.. After locals had come by to stock up - at $10 a gallon, its not cheap - De Smet would load up his truck and transport that days bottled production up to Albuquerque, about 20 miles (32 kilometers) north. His milk sells out every week.. De Smet Dairy is one of six western farm operations profiled in a new report just released by the National Young Farmers Coalition (NYFC) that showcases how these young farmers are adapting to drought and water stress, and raising productivity on their lands.. The six farmers live in either the Colorado or Rio Grande river basins, the ...
Several work environments have the potential for organic dust exposure including agricultural fields, grain handling and storage areas, animal confinement areas, and dairy barns. Grain handling and storage has been associated with respiratory symptoms and illnesses (such as chronic cough, sputum production, chronic bronchitis, grain fever (organic dust toxic syndrome), and nasal and skin irritation in exposed workers. Similar findings were found in several global areas. Grain elevator workers frequently report symptoms such as cough, sputum production, wheezing, and dyspnea, and have obstructive or restrictive impairments on pulmonary function testing. Respiratory symptoms and worsening of ventilatory function have also been reported with workers exposed to dusts from soybeans and burned rice husk in rice farmers. Growing crops such as rice, soybeans, and flowers has been associated with lung disease (32-43).. Work in dairy barns is also ...
Beyond Pesticides, October 15, 2014) A new study published in Environmental Health Perspectives finds a strong relationship between the use of pesticides and depression in farmers. One specific class of pesticide, organochlorines, was associated with a 90% higher chance of being diagnosed with depression. For fumigants, the increased risk was up to 80 percent. This study echoes the conclusion from an earlier French study which also reported that farmers using pesticides face a greater risk of developing depression. The study, Pesticide Exposure and Depression among Male Private Pesticide Applicators in the Agricultural Health Study, examines possible associations between pesticide exposure and depression among male private pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS). Over 21,000 applicators who enrolled in the study in 1993-1997 were followed and examined. The applicators were asked about depression when enrolled in the study and then again around 2010. ...
Washington - A new NIOSH publication (.pdf file) warns of the dangers of noise-induced hearing loss among firefighters.. Agency studies have found hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in the ears) among firefighters can be caused by loud noise such as sirens, alarms, engine pumps, chain saws, ventilation fans and pneumatic tools used in emergency extrication.. To help protect firefighters, NIOSH recommends:. ...
Agriculture is one of the most dangerous industries in the United States. Farmworkers, including migrant farmworkers, are at risk for work-related injuries. This study explores the association between stress, depression, and occupational injury among migrant farmworkers in Nebraska. Occupational injury was hypothesized to significantly increase the odds of farmworkers being stressed and depressed. Two hundred migrant farmworkers (mean age = 33.5 years, standard deviation (SD) = 12.53; 93.0% men, 92.9% of Mexican descent) were interviewed. In bivariate analyses, results indicated that stress and depression were positively associated with occupational injury. Two logistic regression models were developed. Occupational injury was a significant factor for depression, but not for stress. Participants who had been injured on the job were over seven times more likely to be depressed. These results highlight the interconnection ...
Technical information: (202) 691-6170 USDL 08-1182 Media information: (202) 691-5902 FOR RELEASE: 10 a.m. EDT Internet address: http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm Wednesday, August 20, 2008 NATIONAL CENSUS OF FATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN 2007 A total of 5,488 fatal work injuries were recorded in the United States in 2007, a decrease of 6 percent from the revised total of 5,840 fatal work injuries reported for 2006. While these results are considered preliminary, this figure represents the smallest annual preliminary total since the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program was first conducted in 1992. Final results for 2007 will be released in April 2009. Based on these preliminary counts, the rate of fatal injury for U.S. workers in 2007 was 3.7 fatal work injuries per 100,000 workers, down from the final rate of 4.0 per 100,000 workers in 2006, and the lowest annual fatality rate ever reported by the fatality census. Key findings of the 2007 ...
Nancy L. LaVerda, David F. Goldsmith, Michael C. R. Alavanja & Katherine L. Hunting (2015): Pesticide Exposures and Body Mass Index (BMI) of Pesticide Applicators From the Agricultural Health Study, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 78(20):1255-1276. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2015.1074844. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Agricultural pesticide use and risk of t(14;18)-defined subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. AU - Chiu, Brian C.H.. AU - Dave, Bhavana J. AU - Blair, Aaron. AU - Gapstur, Susan M.. AU - Zahm, Shelia Hoar. AU - Weisenburger, Dennis D.. PY - 2006/8/15. Y1 - 2006/8/15. N2 - Pesticides have been specifically associated with the t(14;18)(q32;q21) chromosomal translocation. To investigate whether the association between pesticides and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) differs for molecular subtypes of NHL defined by t(14;18) status, we obtained 175 tumor blocks from case subjects in a population-based case-control study conducted in Nebraska between 1983 and 1986. The t(14;18) was determined by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization in 172 of 175 tumor blocks. We compared exposures to insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants in 65 t(14;18)-positive and 107 t(14;18)-negative case subjects with those among 1432 control subjects. Multivariate polytomous logistic ...
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Kandilov, A., & Kandilov, I. T. (2010). The effect of legalization on wages and health insurance: Evidence from the National Agricultural Worker Survey. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 32(4), 604 - 623 ...
Agricultural workers maintain crops and tend to livestock. They perform physical labor and operate machinery under the supervision of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - Median Salary by Employer Name - Get a free salary comparison based on job title, skills, experience and education. Accurate, reliable salary and compensation comparisons for Canada
Scientists have found an association between fungicide use and retinal degeneration in the wives of farmers who are pesticide applicators. Researchers had already found an association with retinal degeneration among the farmers themselves in the Agricultural Health Study, a large study of farm families from Iowa and North Carolina.. Researchers reviewed data from questionnaires given to 31,173 women from 1993 to 1997 to determine whether wives of these farmer pesticide applicators were at increased risk of retinal degeneration. This information was evaluation to determine associations of specific pesticides and groups of pesticides based on function (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and fumigants) or chemical structure (organophosphates, organochlorines, and carbamates) with eye disorders.. Their findings suggest that exposure to some fungicides and other pesticides may increase the risk of retinal degeneration; specific fungicides that appeared to drive this association were maneb or ...
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Looking for online definition of Farm Workers Lung in the Medical Dictionary? Farm Workers Lung explanation free. What is Farm Workers Lung? Meaning of Farm Workers Lung medical term. What does Farm Workers Lung mean?
Our study evaluated a more comprehensive list of currently used pesticides in relation to wheeze than has ever been evaluated for any other respiratory outcome. In our sample of 22,134 male farmers from the AHS cohort, we included 78 currently used individual pesticides, 51 of which had not been previously analyzed for respiratory outcomes. These pesticides included some used solely for agricultural purposes (e.g., paraquat) as well as some with residential and public health uses in addition to agriculture (e.g., glyphosate, 2,4-D, permethrin). We also considered allergic and non-allergic wheeze separately because these outcomes may have different etiologies; our previous analyses may have masked associations with allergic wheeze given its lower prevalence. Overall, 29 pesticides had some association with at least one type of wheeze; 19 were significantly associated with allergic wheeze and 21were associated with non-allergic wheeze; 11 pesticides were significantly associated with both. ...
It is the responsibility of every fire fighter to stay in communication with crew members at all times. All fire fighters should maintain the unity of command by operating under the direction of the incident commander, division/group supervisor, or their company officer at all times. The ultimate responsibility for crew integrity and ensuring no members get separated or lost rests with the company officer. They should maintain constant contact with their assigned members by visual observation, voice, or touch while operating in a hazard zone. They should stay together as a company or crew. If any of these elements are not adhered to, crew integrity is lost and fire fighters are placed at increased risk. If a fire fighter becomes separated and cannot re-connect with his/her crew immediately, the fire fighter should attempt to communicate via portable radio with the company officer. If reconnection is not accomplished after three radio attempts or reconnection does not take place within 1 minute, ...
The inhalation of certain agents can cause acute injury to the respiratory tract of varying severity. Occasional exposure to high levels of metal fumes or organic dusts contaminated with microorganisms and endotoxins may lead to metal fume fever and organic dust toxic syndrome, respectively. These inhalation fevers are the clinical expressions of a relatively benign and transient, though nonetheless unacceptable, condition of intense pulmonary inflammation. Such reactions occur commonly in agricultural work. Swedish and Finnish surveys indicate that about one in 10 farmers has experienced an acute febrile attack resulting from organic dust exposure. The possible long-term effects among affected subjects are poorly understood.. More severe injury to the tracheobronchial tree and lung parenchyma may result from the inhalation of toxic gases, vapours or complex mixtures of compounds released from explosions, fires, leaks or spills from industrial installations, transport accidents and military ...
This article explores the position of women as daughters-in-law on family farms in Australia. The significance of this focus relates to the fact that family farming continues to be the main form of agricultural operation in most western countries. Women typically come to farming through marriage, meaning that most experience being a daughter-in-law on a family farm. Drawing on notions of subjectivity, discourse and agency, the article explores the meanings and experiences connected with the identity of daughter-in-law on family farms. The article concludes by speculating on how shifts in gender and agricultural discourses may destabilize the traditional identity of daughter-in-law within family farming as well as by considering the implications of such a destabilization.. ...
Respirators are the most specialized piece of personal protective equipment and proper selection is complicated. Specific information on choosing the appropriate respirator will be supplied by pesticide labels. Use only respirators approved by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Approved respirators will carry a TC number prefix, which signifies they have been tested and certified for a specific level of protection. If you plan to purchase a new respirator, a dust/mist respirator that formerly carried a TC-21C NIOSH prefix may carry a TC-84A prefix. New pesticide labels that specify organic vapor-removing cartridge respirators, once designated only as TC-23C, will also list which filters or pre-filters can be used with the respirator. The filters are identified by codes such as an N, R or P, which indicate the level of oil resistance offered by the filter. N filters are excellent for use with dusts and ...
Planning the Pesticide Application. Chapter 10 National Pesticide Applicator Certification Core Manual. Planning the Pesticide Application. This module will help you: Understand pesticide and adjuvant selection Understand tank mixing and loading, and pesticide application procedures Slideshow 281158 by ely
Women enrolled in the AHS who reported activities involving agricultural pesticide exposures during the first trimester of their most recent pregnancy had a twofold increased risk of developing GDM. GDM risk was not increased among women who reported using pesticides only in the home and garden or who reported working in the fields. Prior analysis has shown that women in the AHS are involved in many aspects of farm work (22). Only mixing and applying pesticides during the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with GDM. Thus, the association we observed is unlikely to be due to some uncontrolled correlate of participation in general farm activities. We had no information on specific pesticide use during pregnancy. For completeness, however, we examined the association between having ever mixed or applied individual pesticides at some time before enrollment and GDM only among women who reported agricultural exposures during the index pregnancy. These analyses are, ...
Dairy farmers invited to meet with Center for Dairy Excellence. HARRISBURG, PA - The Center for Dairy Excellence will host six mealtime meetings across Pennsylvania to collect feedback and input on resources to direct the future of Pennsylvanias dairy industry. The Center invites dairy farmers and small industry groups to participate in an informal discussion about dairy profitability and associated topics.. "With milk prices remaining low, this is an opportunity for dairy farmers to network together and gain insight to strengthen their business going forward," said Jayne Sebright, executive director of the Center for Dairy Excellence. "We want to hear from, and have a conversation with, dairy farmers on needed resources and how the Center can provide support for a viable dairy industry in Pennsylvania.". Dairy farmer participants are invited to prepare topics which they would like to discuss, from business planning to dairy policy. Center staff members will be joined by representatives from ...
OBJECTIVES: To measure the exposure of a group of farmers to organophosphate pesticide in sheep dip, and to record the incidence of symptoms after exposure. DESIGN: A prospective study of the autumn 1992 dipping period. Working methods were assessed by questionnaire. Absorption of organophosphate pesticide was estimated before, immediately after, and six weeks after dipping by measuring plasma cholinesterase, erythrocyte cholinesterase, and dialkylphosphate urinary metabolites of organophosphates. Symptoms were recorded by questionnaire at the same time as biological monitoring. Possible confounding factors were identified by medical examination of the subjects. SETTING: Three community council electoral wards in Powys, typical of hill sheep farming areas in Wales. SUBJECTS: All (38) men engaged in sheep dipping living in the three community council electoral wards. RESULTS: 23 sheep farmers and one dipping contractor completed the study--a response rate of 63%. A sample of seven men who refused ...
China Electronic/Petrochemical/Agricultural Pesticide N-Methyl Pyrrolidone, Find details about China NMP, N-Methyl Pyrrolidone from Electronic/Petrochemical/Agricultural Pesticide N-Methyl Pyrrolidone - Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
The objectives of this study were to (1) obtain data on attitudes and practices of California pesticide applicators and household members responsible for the care of pesticide-soiled clothing, (2) identify relationships between attitudes and practices, and (3) determine if any group might be especially at risk. A survey of growers and commercial applicators suggested that the growers were the higher-risk group; not only did they use more hazardous chemicals, but they also were less likely to agree with the need for certain precautions. In general, users of more toxic chemicals indicated they recognized that fact but appeared to downplay the potential danger. With respect to storage and cleaning of pesticide-soiled clothing, the data indicate that a sizable proportion of the sample stored and washed such clothing with other household garments. This finding is cause for some concern since health problems can develop from secondary exposure to pesticides. ...
Define sheep dips. sheep dips synonyms, sheep dips pronunciation, sheep dips translation, English dictionary definition of sheep dips. also sheep-dip n. Any of various liquid preparations containing pesticides into which sheep are dipped to control external parasites. Noun 1.
Pesticides have been widely used to control pest and pest-related diseases in agriculture, fishery, forestry and the food industry. In this review, we identify a number of respiratory symptoms and diseases that have been associated with occupational pesticide exposures. Impaired lung function has also been observed among people occupationally exposed to pesticides. There was strong evidence for an association between occupational pesticide exposure and asthma, especially in agricultural occupations. In addition, we found suggestive evidence for a link between occupational pesticide exposure and chronic bronchitis or COPD. There was inconclusive evidence for the association between occupational pesticide exposure and lung cancer. Better control of pesticide uses and enforcement of safety behaviors, such as using personal protection equipment (PPE) in the workplace, are critical for reducing the risk of developing pesticide-related symptoms and ...
The Agricultural Health Study investigated the relationship between specific fungicides and pesticides and the development of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) in pesticide applicators, primarily farmers, from North Carolina and Iowa. In a recent article published in PLOS One, health information was analyzed from 54,306 participants enrolled in the study, including 523 applicators who were diagnosed with NHL between 1993 and 2010. Twenty-six different pesticides including insecticides, fungicides and fumigants were investigated to determine if exposure was linked to NHL incidence. Results suggest that exposure to pesticides from many different classes of chemicals was linked to an increased risk of NHL. This study is the first to find a correlation between exposure to the pesticides DDT, lindane, permethrin, diazinon and terbufos with specific types of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.. ...
The bacterial bioaerosol community of eight swine confinement buildings (SCB) was monitored during two visits in the winter, and one during the summer. To our knowledge, culture-independent approaches and molecular biology tools such as biomass quantification and biodiversity analyses have never been applied to swine building bioaerosol analyses. Total DNA of each sample was extracted and analysed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and phylogenetic analysis using primers targeting the bacterial 16S rRNA gene. Even though the total bacterial concentration was higher in winter than in summer, the total bacterial concentration for both seasons was 100 to1000 times higher than the total cultural bacteria. The concentration of bioaerosol was influenced by the temperature indoors, which was regulated with an electronic fan system driving warm air and particles outside of the SCB. Comparison of the DGGE profiles showed the same ...
Beyond Pesticides, January 8, 2018) With a long-documented history of childrens exposure to pesticides that drift from agricultural fields to school yards, Californias new regulations establishing no-spray buffers took effort January 1, as labor and public health groups acknowledged the progress and inadequacy of the measure. The new rule, DPR 16-004 Pesticide Use Near Schoolsites, adopted by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), prohibits many pesticide applications within a quarter mile of public K-12 schools and licensed child day-care facilities during school hours, Monday through Friday between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. This includes all applications by aircraft, sprinklers, air-blast sprayers, and all fumigant applications. In addition, most dust and powder pesticide applications, such as sulfur, will also be prohibited during this time. The new rule was announced in November, 2017. Advocates say the new rules fail to address persistent low-level exposures associated with ...
Second, and more to the point of your question: why should we be concerned when -- as a practical matter -- sulfuryl fluoride provides only a relatively small contribution to our AGGREGATE fluoride exposure? The answer is analogous to the idea that you should know more than the average depth of a river before attempting to ford across it. More specifically, the reason our annual exposure to sulfuryl fluoride is minimal is because it is a fumigant and most food is not fumigated (e.g. food processing facilities typically fumigate about 2 to 3 times a year). However, the food that IS fumigated contains extremely high levels of fluoride (e.g. 125 ppm on wheat flour). Thus, while you wont receive a large annual exposure to fluoride from sulfuryl fluoride, you can receive massive wallops on any given day. Fumigating the food supply with sulfuryl fluoride, therefore, creates a situation akin to Russian roulette, where some (unknowing) consumers will (unknowingly) buy flour, grain, or processed foods ...
Beyond Pesticides, June 6, 2008) A recent study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), finds pesticide applicators with regular exposure to pesticides to be at a greater risk of type-2 diabetes. Published in the American Journal of Epidemiology (DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwn028), the study shows specific pesticides produce between a 20 and 200 percent increase in risk. Researchers looked at data from 31,787 pesticide applicators in North Carolina and Iowa over a period of five years. In that period, 1,171, or 3.7 percent, had developed diabetes, particularly for applicators in the highest category of lifetime days of use of any pesticide. "The results suggest that pesticides may be a contributing factor for diabetes along with known risk factors such as diabetes, lack of exercise and having a family history of diabetes," said Dale Sandler, PhD, chief of the Epidemiology Branch of NIEHS. ...
Training for Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) private pesticide applicator licenses will be held in the Fort Worth Room at the Tarrant County Extension office on Wednesday, September 14. Training begins promptly at 5:30 p.m. and will be completed by 9:30 p.m. Pre-registration is required to be made on-line at http://agrilife.org/urbantarrantag/program-registration/. Information is available by…
However in rural economies in Ireland, where agriculture provides over 10% of employment and economic turnover, and in upland Wales or Devon where sheep are a major farming activity and sheep dips are routinely used to control parasites, heavy rainfall can cause used sheep dip to leach out into waterways and sediments where it can kill huge quantities of fish.. Synthetic pyrethroids are also extremely toxic to aquatic invertebrates such as leeches, water snails and beetles and are particularly toxic to bees which can lead to problems with pollination. Once the poison is absorbed by these animals it can move up the food chain, accumulating as it goes. "In order to prevent pollution of this kind, we looked at bacteria taken from sheep dip contaminated soils in the hope that they could degrade the pyrethroids in the sheep dip before it is spread on land", said Dr Cannon.. 30 different bacteria were isolated from sheep dip polluted soil and dipping tanks. Previously, similar bacteria had been found ...
Adgate JL, Barr DB, Clayton CA, Berly LE, Freeman NC, Lioy PJ, et al. 2001. Measurement of childrens exposure to pesticides: analysis of urinary metabolite levels in a probability-based sample. Environ Health Perspect 109(6):583-590, 10.1289/ehp.01109583.. Bouchard MF, Chevrier J, Harley KG, Kogut K, Vedar M, Calderon N, et al. 2011a. Prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticides and iq in 7-year-old children. Environ Health Perspect 119(8):1189-1195, 10.1289/ehp.1003185.. Bouchard MF, Sauve S, Barbeau B, Legrand M, Brodeur ME, Bouffard T, et al. 2011b. Intellectual impairment in school-age children exposed to manganese from drinking water. Environ Health Perspect 119(1):138-143.. Bradman A, Eskenazi B, Barr DB, Bravo R, Castorina R, Chevrier J, et al. 2005. Organophosphate urinary metabolite levels during pregnancy and after delivery in women living in an agricultural community. Environ Health Perspect 113(12):1802-1807, 10.1289/ehp.7894.. Bradman AS, Schwartz JM, Fenster L, Barr DB, ...
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PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Southern New Jersey has a large population of migrant farm workers. For the past twenty years, CATA has managed an environmental program that provides information on pesticide protection, the reduction of harmful chemicals in the workplace and general health and safety training. The EPA funding to CATA will help farm workers implement worker protection standards and identify training needs. Under the project funded by the grant, the group will survey workers and train them using the We Work with Pesticides curriculum developed by the Farm Worker Health and Safety Institute and approved by the EPA. ...
Lessening the risk of occupational pesticide exposure in agriculture is the purpose of EPAs Agricultural Worker Protection Standard. Now, EPA is proposing to amend its 1992 regulation so that almost 2 million workers can benefit from annual pesticide safety training that will include how to better protect themselves from pesticide exposure in the workplace and from bringing pesticides home on their clothes, exposing their families to chemicals. The proposal also includes updated personal protective equipment standards for pesticide handlers; a first-time ever minimum age requirement for pesticide handlers and some workers; improvements in the notification of pesticide treated areas; and access to information on pesticide application, the pesticide label, and safety data for farmworkers and their advocates.. ...
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Health and farmworker organizations filed a lawsuit Wednesday against the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for postponing a decision to protect farmworkers from exposure to restricted-use pesticides such as chlorpyrifos - a controversial pesticide linked to serious health issues. The delay also prevents the agency from setting an age requirement prohibiting young farmworkers from applying such pesticides.. The lawsuit argues that the Trump administrations decision to postpone the effective date for implementation of the Certification of Pesticide Applicators (CPA) rule could lead to adverse harmful health issues for farmworkers and other people. That revised CPA rule - originally published on January 4 with an implementation date of March 6 - would have, in part, imposed strict standards that require pesticide applicators to be at least 18 years old, be able to read and write, and establish an annual applicator safety training. Currently, there is ...
Australian farmers and their workers are exposed to a wide variety of pesticides. Organophosphate (OP) insecticides are a widely used class of pesticide used for animal husbandry practices (Naphthalophos for sheep dipping, jetting and drench), crop production for pest control (Dimethoate) and in public health (Maldison for head lice). Acute poisonings with this class of insecticide are reported among agricultural workers and children around the globe, due to the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Less is known about chronic exposures. Regular monitoring of erythrocyte AChE will enable farmers to identify potential exposure to organophosphate insecticides and take action to reduce exposures and improve their health and safety practices. This study aims to assess and improve the integration of AChE monitoring into routine point of care health clinics, and provide farming and non-farming people with a link between their AChE activity and their household ...
A questionnaire survey was carried out among randomly selected farmers, herbalists and hunters to obtain background information on the status o some plants and animal species of community interest in Akomadan, an intensive tomato producing area in the Ashanti region of Ghana. The study revealed that some species of plants and wild animals had disappeared or become rare. In addition, the effect of the continuous and indiscriminate use of pesticides on the population sizes of some indigenous microflora (bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes) and fauna (nematodes and earthworms) was investigated in fields where conventionally large quantities of pesticides are used annually. Soils were obtained from (i) fields currently under tomato cropping with pesticide management (ii) fields under different fallow periods (i.e. 1, 2 and 3 years) with histories of pesticide applications. Control soils were obtained from fields with no known history of pesticide applications. Populations of total aerobic bacteria, ...
A replicated, controlled study in summer 1989-1990 in eight sites on one arable farm near Bonn, Germany (Henze & Şengonca 1993) found that a 50% reduction in pesticide application could control an aphid (Aphidoidea) outbreak as efficiently as the normal application. In farming systems with no insecticide use at all, natural predators reduced aphid populations to the same low levels (,5 aphids/plant), but the population decline occurred one week later than in the systems with pesticide use. Predatory arthropod populations also declined after pesticide treatment. Predator levels remained rather low in the normal pesticide system, however in the 50% reduced pesticide system they recovered in three weeks after pesticide application. Four farming systems were compared with two replicates each: conventional farming (normal pesticide use), integrated farming (50% reduction in pesticide use), minimum farming (no insecticides, strongly reduced herbicide use) and no pesticide farming (no pesticide ...
Pesticides, economics, and health have been intimately related since the inception of pesticide use centuries ago for crop protection and, more recently, for human disease vector control. Agricultural productivity and international trade have dominated the economic discussions, but there is a growing concern about negative "externalities" of agricultural pesticide use (1). Among these externalities, costs associated with human health impacts may be particularly important in the developing world, given that the majority of pesticide poisonings are thought to occur in these regions (2). Information on the economic burden of illness associated with pesticide use could help with the economic justifications of health and agricultural programs aimed at poisoning surveillance or prevention in the fiscally constrained environment of developing countries (3). Several approaches have been taken to estimating an economic burden of illness associated with pesticide ...
The objective of the present longitudinal study was to investigate the effects of occupational endotoxin exposure on respiratory health and atopic sensitization in adults. Health outcomes and personal endotoxin exposure estimates were determined for 234 farmers and agricultural workers both at baseline and 5 years later. A questionnaire was used to assess respiratory symptoms, spirometry tests were performed and total and specific IgE levels were measured in serum. A twofold increase in personal endotoxin exposure was associated with less hay fever (OR 0.68, 95%CI 0.54-0.87) and grass IgE positivity (OR 0.81, 95%CI 0.68-0.97) at both time points (
Pesticide exposure estimation in epidemiologic studies can be constrained to analysis scales commonly available for cancer data-census tracts and ZIP codes. Research goals included (1) demonstrating the feasibility of modifying an existing geographic information system (GIS) pesticide exposure method using California Pesticide Use Reports (PURs) and land use surveys to incorporate Landsat remote sensing and to accommodate aggregated analysis scales, and (2) assessing the accuracy of two rurality metrics (quality of geographic area being rural), Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) codes and the U.S. Census Bureau urban-rural system, as surrogates for pesticide exposure when compared to the GIS gold standard. Segments, derived from 1985 Landsat NDVI images, were classified using a crop signature library (CSL) created from 1990 Landsat NDVI images via a sum of squared differences (SSD) measure. Organochlorine, organophosphate, and carbamate Kern County PUR applications (1974‐1990) were matched to ...
In accepting the benefits of pesticides, there is a responsibility to use them with care and respect, and in accordance with label specifications. By incorporating safe use practices into daily work habits, much of the risk is removed. Ensure that appropriate school personnel are informed of all activities pertaining to pests and pesticide use. The following pesticide use protocol will minimize pesticide exposure, ensure the well being of students and school staff, and relieve fears or concerns about the proposed pesticide applications.
This project is aimed at better understanding how children living in agricultural environments are exposed to pesticides, and how such exposures can be prevented or reduced. Since 1991 our group has investigated pesticide expsoures among children of agricultural families in Washington state, focusing on exposure to organophosphate insecticides. We have demonstrated in these studies that the residential environments of agricultural families have higher pesticide residues than do other homes in this region. We have also found that children living in these residential environments have elevated levels of pesticide metabolites in their urine. We need to better understand how these children are being exposed in order to develop recomendations for exposure prevention or reduction. The current project will characterize pesticide exposure pathways for children of farmworkers. A complementary project is also underway by the UW-Child Health Center to ...
Introduction. Dairy farming is gaining importance in Malawi. This is a result of the increasing population and demand for milk and milk products in the countrys major cities. Most dairy farmers are registered and organised into about 50 milk bulking groups (MBGs) around the countrys major cities: Blantyre (southern region), Lilongwe (central region) and Mzuzu (northern region) (Banda et al. 2011). The MBGs are mostly run and managed by farmers who collect milk from members within a radius of eight km. Following milk testing on specific gravity and alcohol testing for acidity, milk is bulked in a cooling tank. Milk is bought in bulk by the processors and a bonus is paid to the participating farmers for higher-bulk quantities. The dairy cattle breeds are predominantly Holstein-Friesians, Jerseys and their crosses with the indigenous Malawi Zebu (Banda et al. 2011; Tebug et al. 2012a). These animals are mainly stall-fed or grazed on communal pastureland near human dwellings. Although smallholder ...
British Wool is a farmer owned co-operative set up to give sheep farmers collective selling power and an efficient and cost effective collection and processing infrastructure. Gordon Wyeth, who farms a lowland flock of 9,500 Romney ewes in Hampshire and the surrounding areas, explains the value he gets from working with British Wool.. "British Wool pays more than the competition and is committed to adding value, which is important to all farmers. Strength in numbers is an old adage, but absolutely true in this case - the more farmers who sign up to British Wool, the better returns well all see.". "As a farmer owned organisation, British Wool exists to support us and represent our best interests, making sure that we get maximum value from our clip. We have the opportunity to shape the long term future of our industry, exploring new markets and opportunities for wool, and thats exactly what British Wool will help us do.". Gordon has farmed for over 35 years and kept Romney sheep for 15 years, ...
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In Taiwan, avian influenza virus (AIV) subtypes H5N2, H6N1 and H7N3 have been identified in domestic poultry, and several strains of these subtypes have become endemic in poultry. To evaluate the potential of avian-to-human transmission due to occupational exposure, an exploratory analysis of AIV antibody status in poultry workers was conducted. We enrolled 670 poultry workers, including 335 live poultry vendors (LPVs), 335 poultry farmers (PFs), and 577 non-poultry workers (NPWs). Serum antibody titres against various subtypes of viruses were analysed and compared. The overall seropositivity rates in LPVs and PFs were 2·99% (10/335) and 1·79% (6/335), respectively, against H5N2; and 0·6% (2/335) and 1·19% (4/335), respectively, for H7N3 virus. Of NPWs, 0·35% (2/577) and 0·17% (1/577) were seropositive for H5N2 and H7N3, respectively. Geographical analysis revealed that poultry workers whose workplaces were near locations where H5N2 ...
This poster introduces new pest control technicians to the general actions to be taken in the event of pesticide exposure. Technicians learn to recognize symptoms of exposure as they watch videos linked to the quick response (QR) codes on the poster. The videos detail general first aid steps to undertake until medical help arrives after a pesticide exposure. This poster will serve as a valuable training tool for new technicians as they learn about pesticide safety, and will be a good refresher tool for pesticide applicators.. Download the interactive PDF: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN95400.pdf ...
[email protected] The real estate major is designed to provide an educational foundation for students interested in learning about real estate and real estate markets and/or pursuing careers in real estate. Traditional career paths include real estate investment and financial analysis, real estate financing and mortgage lending, real estate appraisal and valuation, property management, residential and commercial brokerage and marketing, and corporate real estate analysis.. Core competencies to be developed include the ability to analyze real estate investment opportunities from investor and lender perspectives, conduct asset and risk assessments and implement risk management strategies, understand the dynamics of real estate markets, and develop an understanding of the legal framework surrounding real estate ownership, title transfer, and the regulatory and legal requirements, including agency obligations, common in real estate transactions.. All real estate-interested students are encouraged ...
In France, about 5,000 miners have been employed in uranium mining industry since 1946. Most of these miners have experienced relatively low annual exposures in comparison to other cohorts of miners. Consequently, the hypothesis to be tested in our study was the potential risk of cancer in a relatively low exposed population, characterised by a long period of underground work. A first analysis of the oldest cohort (1,785 miners having worked underground before 1972) has been published in 1993, based on a follow-up to December 1985. Recently, this follow-up has been extended up to 1994. Compared to the first analysis, the size of the cohort has increased by 24 %, and the number of lung cancer deaths has increased by about 90 % (from 45 to 85 deaths). Mean cumulated exposure to radon is of 71.5 WML, protracted over more than 15 years. After 1956, radon exposure is lower than 2 WLM/year for 50 % of the miners. The Standardised Mortality Ratio for lung cancer is 1.65, with confidence interval ...
When it comes to ridding your home of unwanted pests, its a case of "pick your poison." While some people fear common pests like ants, cockroaches and rodents, others worry more about the chemical pesticides used to kill or repel these creatures.. Those worries not withstanding, it s estimated that more than three-quarters of U.S. households use pesticides of some type, whether it s to rid the kitchen of ants, the garden of bothersome weeds, or their pets of fleas and ticks. Despite their common household use, surprisingly little is known about the hazards associated with this type of exposure. Most medical research has focused on people, such as agricultural workers, who are regularly exposed to very large amounts of pesticides. In these individuals, pesticides have a wide range of health effects-from nervous system damage to an increased risk of some cancers.. Until pesticides are developed that are conclusively demonstrated to be safe, your best protection is to minimize ...
Citation: Ibekwe, A.M., Lesch, S.M., Bold, R.M., Leddy, M.B., Graves, A.K. 2011. Variations of indicator bacteria in a large urban watershed. Transactions of the ASABE. 54(6):2227-2236. Interpretive Summary: Coliform bacteria present at concentrations above certain thresholds in recreational waters are believed to reflect fecal pollution and thus increasing the risk of diseases. The risk associated with pathogen-related disease outbreaks following recreational contact with pathogen-contaminated surface waters has been well documented. This study was conducted in the middle Santa Ana River to evaluate the presence of coliform bacteria in 13 sites during a two year period on sites that received inputs from urban runoff, agricultural activities, and melting snow from the mountains without any pollutant sources. This study shows that both urban and agricultural activities contributed about the same levels of indicator bacteria to the watershed. This has clear ...
Researchers at UC Davis and other institutions have shown that mothers who take recommended amounts of folic acid around conception might reduce their childrens pesticide-related autism risk.. In the study, children whose mothers took 800 or more micrograms of folic acid (the amount in most prenatal vitamins) had a significantly lower risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - even when their mothers were exposed to household or agricultural pesticides associated with increased risk. The study appears today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. "We found that if the mom was taking folic acid during the window around conception, the risk associated with pesticides seemed to be attenuated," said Rebecca J. Schmidt, assistant professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences and first author on the paper. "Mothers should try to avoid pesticides. But if they live near agriculture, where pesticides can blow in, this might be a way to counter those effects." In the paper, ...
The aim of this study was to assess exposure to pesticides for a longitudinal epidemiological study on adverse reproduction effects among greenhouse workers. Detailed information on pesticide use among greenhouse workers was obtained on a monthly basis through self-administered questionnaires and subsequent workplace surveys. Questionnaires were filled in for a whole year. Dermal exposure rankings were developed for each task using the observational method Dermal Exposure Assessment Method (DREAM). Exposure scores were calculated for each worker for each month during the year, taking into account frequency, duration and exposure intensity for each task. A total number of 116 different active ingredients were used in the population, whereas a mean number of 15 active ingredients were applied per greenhouse. DREAM observations provided insight into the exposure intensity of 12 application techniques and three mixing and loading activities. Relatively high DREAM scores were ...

Ken Silver College of Public HealthKen Silver College of Public Health

Tomato Worker Ergonomics: REBA Panel Evaluation of Video. From Southeast Center for Agricultural Health and Injury Prevention ( ... In: Occupational Health: Recognizing and Preventing Work-Related Disease and Injury, 5 th edition. Levy, B.S., Wegman, D.H., ... TN Workers: Dying for a Job. A Report on Worker Fatalities in Tennessee 2011 and 2012. In Honor of Workers Memorial Day April ... and Kukulka, G. Genetic Testing for Beryllium: Worker Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes,Center to Protect Workers Rights, ...
more infohttps://www.etsu.edu/cph/eh/faculty-staff/silverk.php

Agricultural workers: Tackling occupational diseaseAgricultural workers: Tackling occupational disease

Workers in this sector undertake activities where they are exposed to high levels of dust and micro-organisms resulting in ... Agricultural workers Workers in this sector undertake activities where they are exposed to high levels of dust and micro- ... Activities that lead to exposures and therefore respiratory disease include:. *Grain workers - harvesting, drying, storage, ... Specific guidance for employers on reducing the incidence of respiratory disease is available on HSEs agriculture web pages. ...
more infohttp://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/occupational-disease/respiratory/agricultural-workers.htm

CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (2007...CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (2007...

Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity StatisticsCdc-pdf. [PDF - 3,983 KB] ... Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity Statistics presents summary tables and figures of ... Respiratory Disease in Agricultural Workers: Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-106/default.html

CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Proceedings of the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease Among...CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Proceedings of the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease Among...

Proceedings of the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease Among Agricultural Workers Cdc-pdf. [PDF - 28 MB] ... Proceedings of the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease Among Agricultural Workers. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... consisted of papers as presented at the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease among Agricultural Workers, ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-119/default.html

SILAGE GAS POISONING: NITROGEN DIOXIDE PNEUMONIA, A NEW DISEASE IN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS* | Annals of Internal Medicine |...SILAGE GAS POISONING: NITROGEN DIOXIDE PNEUMONIA, A NEW DISEASE IN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS* | Annals of Internal Medicine |...

SILAGE GAS POISONING: NITROGEN DIOXIDE PNEUMONIA, A NEW DISEASE IN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS1 R. R. GRAYSON, M.D. ... SILAGE GAS POISONING: NITROGEN DIOXIDE PNEUMONIA, A NEW DISEASE IN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS1. Ann Intern Med. 1956;45:393-408. doi ... A thorough investigation of these two cases and of the silage gas that caused the illness indicates that the disease was caused ... Two cases of acute respiratory disease due to inhalation of silage gas were encountered in August, 1954. One was fatal. ...
more infohttps://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/676309/silage-gas-poisoning-nitrogen-dioxide-pneumonia-new-disease-agricultural-workers

WHO HQ Library catalog ›

    Results of search for su:{Agricultural workers diseases}WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Agricultural workers' diseases}'

Results of search for su:{Agricultural workers diseases} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Health of workers in agriculture / Mostafa A. El Batawi.. by El Batawi, Mostafa A , World Health Organization. Regional Office ... Health and health services for plantation workers : four case studies / Richard Laing.. by Laing, Richard , London School of ... by International Congress of Agricultural Medicine and Rural Health Pécs, Hungary) (1987: , Tényi, Jeno , Buda, Jozsef , ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl?q=su:%7BAgricultural%20workers'%20diseases%7D

WHO HQ Library catalog ›

    Results of search for su:{Agricultural workers diseases.}WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Agricultural workers' diseases.}'

Results of search for su:{Agricultural workers diseases.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Health of workers in agriculture / Mostafa A. El Batawi.. by El Batawi, Mostafa A , World Health Organization. Regional Office ... Health and health services for plantation workers : four case studies / Richard Laing.. by Laing, Richard , London School of ... by International Congress of Agricultural Medicine and Rural Health Pécs, Hungary) (1987: , Tényi, Jeno , Buda, Jozsef , ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl?q=su:%7BAgricultural%20workers'%20diseases.%7D

NIOSHTIC-2 Search Results - Full ViewNIOSHTIC-2 Search Results - Full View

... agricultural workers diseases; insecticides; herbicides; incidence; risk ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... The mean age was 36 years, and incidence rates peaked among 20-24 year-old workers. The overall incidence rate was 1.17 per ...
more infohttp://www2a.cdc.gov/nioshtic-2/BuildQyr.asp?s1=surveillance%2A&f1=KW&Startyear=&terms=3&Adv=1&ct=&B1=Search&Limit=500&Sort=DP+DESC&whichdate=DP&D1=10&EndYear=&PageNo=283&RecNo=2830&View=f&

NIOSHTIC-2 Search Results - Full ViewNIOSHTIC-2 Search Results - Full View

... agricultural workers diseases; insecticides; herbicides; incidence; risk ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... The mean age was 36 years, and incidence rates peaked among 20-24 year-old workers. The overall incidence rate was 1.17 per ...
more infohttp://www2a.cdc.gov/nioshtic-2/BuildQyr.asp?s1=pesticide+or+pesticides+or+insecticide+or+insecticides+or+herbicide+or+herbicides+or+fungicide+or+fungicides&f1=TI&Startyear=&t1=1&s2=pesticide+or+pesticides+or+insecticide+or+insecticides+or+herbicide+or+herbicides+or+fungicide+or+fungicides&B1=Search&terms=4&Adv=1&f2=KW&Limit=500&Sort=DP+DESC&EndYear=&D1=10&PageNo=85&RecNo=842&View=f&

русскийрусский

Agricultural Workers Diseases [‎6]‎. Alcohol Drinking [‎12]‎. Alcoholism [‎14]‎. Annual Report [‎26]‎. ...
more infohttp://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1637/browse?locale-attribute=ru&type=mesh

Browsing 2. Regional Office for Africa by SubjectBrowsing 2. Regional Office for Africa by Subject

Agricultural Workers Diseases [‎6]‎. Agriculture [‎10]‎. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections [‎3]‎. Alcohol Drinking [‎12]‎ ...
more infohttps://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1637/browse?rpp=20&sort_by=-1&type=mesh&offset=20&etal=-1&order=ASC

Browsing Regional Committee for Africa by SubjectBrowsing Regional Committee for Africa by Subject

Agricultural Workers Diseases [‎6]‎. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections [‎3]‎. Alcohol Drinking [‎10]‎. ...
more infohttps://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/1640/browse?rpp=20&sort_by=-1&type=mesh&offset=20&etal=-1&order=ASC

Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)

Categories: Agricultural Workers Diseases Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
more infohttps://phil.cdc.gov/AdvancedSearchResults.aspx?Search=Agricultural+Workers'+Diseases&parentid=18532&catid=2221

What We StudyWhat We Study

Agricultural Workers Diseases. * Alcoholism. * Allergy. * Alzheimers Disease. * Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). * Asthma ... and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. ... The vision of the NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. Use the ...
more infohttps://tools.niehs.nih.gov/topics/

Ergonomics evaluation of a manually operated cassava chipping machine.Ergonomics evaluation of a manually operated cassava chipping machine.

Agricultural Workers Diseases / etiology*, prevention & control*. Agriculture / instrumentation*. Anthropometry. Attitude to ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Ergonomics-evaluation-manually-operated-cassava/10693836.html

Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine - Keyword bioaerosols
	Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine - Keyword bioaerosols

Respiratory diseases among agricultural industry workers in India: a cross-sectional epidemiological study.. Anand B Singh, ... EXPOSURE OF INDIAN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS TO AIRBORNE MICROORGANISMS, DUST AND ENDOTOXIN DURING HANDLING OF VARIOUS PLANT ... Exposure to bioaerosols in the selected agricultural facilities of the Ukraine and Poland - a review.. Valentin G Tsapko, Alla ... Study on exposure of pig farm workers to bioaerosols, immunologic reactivity and health effects.. Barbara Mackiewicz ...
more infohttp://www.aaem.pl/Keyword-bioaerosols/7114

Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine - Issue 2/1999 vol. 6
	Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine - Issue 2/1999 vol. 6

Respiratory diseases among agricultural industry workers in India: a cross-sectional epidemiological study.. Anand B Singh, ... Exposure to flour dust and the level of abrasion of hard tooth tissues among the workers of flour mills.. Teresa Bachanek, ... Endotoxin exposure among softwood lumber mill workers in the Canadian province of British Columbia.. Martine Dennekamp, Paul ...
more infohttp://www.aaem.pl/Issue-2-1999,2503

CISDOC databaseCISDOC database

... protection of agricultural workers against toxic hazards; protection of agricultural workers against occupational diseases ... CIS 72-2397 The agricultural tractor El tractor agr cola [in Spanish]. Practical safety advice for agricultural workers. ... Workers should not be allowed to enter fields immediately after they have been treated with agricultural chemicals, even if ... Decree of 4 May 1971 amending the Agricultural Workers Safety and Health Decree Besluit van 4 mei 1971 tot wijziging van het ...
more infohttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/cisdoc2/cismain.listDocs?p_lang=en&p_bsubject=640&p_page=31&p_pagesize=50&p_template=NORMALPAGE

Non-cancer health effects of pesticides | The College of Family Physicians of CanadaNon-cancer health effects of pesticides | The College of Family Physicians of Canada

An epidemiological study on cutaneous diseases of agricultural workers authorized to use pesticides. Dermatology 1994;189:129- ... Agricultural work and the risk of Parkinsons disease in Denmark, 1981-1993. Scand J Work Environ Health 2000;26:359-62. ... In agricultural workers with contact dermatitis, sensitization to both plant material and pesticides was documented,9,16 but ... Cytogenetic biomonitoring in a Spanish group of agricultural workers exposed to pesticides. Mutagenesis 1993;8:511-7. ...
more infohttp://www.cfp.ca/content/53/10/1712.long

Influenza Training | CIDRAPInfluenza Training | CIDRAP

Agricultural Worker Health and the Influenza Virus Measures that can protect agricultural workers from disease, including ... Ways in which disease patterns are tracked, and approaches to influenza surveillance among humans. ... Key milestones in the pH1N1 2009 influenza pandemic, disease patterns, and groups at high risk for influenza complications. ... CIDRAP - Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy. Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN ...
more infohttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/ongoing-programs/influenza-training

Bronchitis - WikipediaBronchitis - Wikipedia

"Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in farmers and agricultural workers-an overview". Annals of Agricultural and ... Craven, V; Everard, ML (January 2013). "Protracted bacterial bronchitis: reinventing an old disease". Archives of Disease in ... Lower RT/lung disease. (including LRTIs). Bronchial/. obstructive. acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. ... Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 9-17.. *^ a b Reilly, John J.; Silverman, Edwin K.; Shapiro, Steven ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronchitus

Welcome to CDC stacksWelcome to CDC stacks

4. Investigate emerging diseases such as chronic kidney disease in agricultural workers. 5. Create documents to assist ... Occupational neurologic and renal diseases. What do we do? 1. Conduct research on occupational cancer in high priority worker ... The report highlights work being done in the areas of occupationally caused lung diseases, cancer, cardiovascular disea... ... The Cancer, Reproductive Health and Cardiovascular Disease (CRC) Program provides leadership in preventing work-related ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/58569

developing countries; Less-Developed Countries; Third-World Countries; Under-Developed Countriesdeveloping countries; Less-Developed Countries; Third-World Countries; Under-Developed Countries

A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided. ... Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms ... Swine Diseases. 57. + + 26. Malnutrition. 55. + + 27. Agricultural Workers Diseases. 53. + + 28. Typhoid Fever. 53. + + ... Diseases. Frequent searches. Medicinal plants. Health topics. Medical dictionary. Health sites. Questions and answers. ...
more infohttps://lookfordiagnosis.com/results.php?symptoms=developing+countries%3B%20Less-Developed%20Countries%3B%20Third-World%20Countries%3B%20Under-Developed%20Countries&lang=1&parent=%2F&mode=F

Austin Bassett Thompson, MD - Research Output
     - Research NebraskaAustin Bassett Thompson, MD - Research Output - Research Nebraska

Floreani, A. A., Buchalter, S., Thompson, A. B. & Rennard, S. I., Jan 1 1994, In : Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease. 49, 3 ... Asbestos fibers in bronchoalveolar lavage and lung tissue of former asbestos workers. Teschler, H., Friedrichs, K. H., Hoheisel ... Pulmonary complications and disease severity in adult liver transplant recipients. Thompson, A. B., Rickard, K. A., Shaw, B. W ... Bronchoalveolar lavage in the assessment of pulmonary Hodgkins disease. Wisecarver, J. L., Ness, M. J., Rennard, S. I., ...
more infohttps://nebraska.pure.elsevier.com/en/persons/austin-bassett-thompson/publications/?type=%2Fdk%2Fatira%2Fpure%2Fresearchoutput%2Fresearchoutputtypes%2Fcontributiontojournal%2Farticle&ordering=title&descending=false

Debra K Olson - Research Output
     - Experts@MinnesotaDebra K Olson - Research Output - [email protected]

Agricultural health nurses: Job analysis of functions and competencies. Lundvall, A. M. & Olson, D. K., Jul 1 2001, In : AAOHN ... Health Hazards Affecting the Animal Confinement Farm Worker. Olson, D. K. & Bark, S. M., Dec 1 1996, In : AAOHN Journal. 44, 4 ... Adjunct Professor, Medical School - Twin Cities Campus, Medicine - Infectious Disease and International ... Rasmussen, R. C., Schermann, M. A., Shutske, J. M. & Olson, D. K., Nov 1 2003, Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 9, 4 ...
more infohttps://experts.umn.edu/en/persons/debra-k-olson/publications/?type=%2Fdk%2Fatira%2Fpure%2Fresearchoutput%2Fresearchoutputtypes%2Fcontributiontojournal%2Farticle&type=%2Fdk%2Fatira%2Fpure%2Fresearchoutput%2Fresearchoutputtypes%2Fcontributiontoperiodical%2Farticle
  • To determine the etiology of airway disease manifestations in farmers, studies have investigated the relationships between quantifiable environmental agents with airway disease consequences. (cdc.gov)
  • In agricultural workers with contact dermatitis, sensitization to both plant material and pesticides was documented, 9 , 16 but most study designs did not allow attribution of rashes specifically to pesticide exposure. (cfp.ca)
  • It is also suggested that showers should be installed on agricultural machinery, screens should be set up along field borders to shelter workers during breaks, and light work clothing should be supplied. (ilo.org)
  • Chronic inhalation of these complex organic dusts, rich with particulates and microbial-rich components, is implicated in disease development and severity ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 2005. Conducting agricultural worksite assessments: A user's guide for professionals assisting farmers & ranchers with physical disabilities . (agrability.org)
  • Livestock, arable, vegetable cultivation and horticultural workers - preparation of bedding and feed, hay/haylage/silage making, straw bailing, harvesting/cleaning/grading vegetable crops and flower bulb cleaning/grading/packing. (hse.gov.uk)
  • A thorough investigation of these two cases and of the silage gas that caused the illness indicates that the disease was caused by the oxides of nitrogen. (annals.org)
  • Key milestones in the pH1N1 2009 influenza pandemic, disease patterns, and groups at high risk for influenza complications. (umn.edu)