Agraphia: Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Alexia, Pure: Loss of the power to comprehend written materials despite preservation of the ability to write (i.e., alexia without agraphia). This condition is generally attributed to lesions that "disconnect" the visual cortex of the non-dominant hemisphere from language centers in the dominant hemisphere. This may occur when a dominant visual cortex injury is combined with underlying white matter lesions that involve crossing fibers from the occipital lobe of the opposite hemisphere. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p483)Gerstmann Syndrome: A disorder of cognition characterized by the tetrad of finger agnosia, dysgraphia, DYSCALCULIA, and right-left disorientation. The syndrome may be developmental or acquired. Acquired Gerstmann syndrome is associated with lesions in the dominant (usually left) PARIETAL LOBE which involve the angular gyrus or subjacent white matter. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p457)Anomia: A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)Apraxias: A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Aphasia, Wernicke: Impairment in the comprehension of speech and meaning of words, both spoken and written, and of the meanings conveyed by their grammatical relationships in sentences. It is caused by lesions that primarily affect Wernicke's area, which lies in the posterior perisylvian region of the temporal lobe of the dominant hemisphere. (From Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p141; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p846)Thalamic Diseases: Disorders of the centrally located thalamus, which integrates a wide range of cortical and subcortical information. Manifestations include sensory loss, MOVEMENT DISORDERS; ATAXIA, pain syndromes, visual disorders, a variety of neuropsychological conditions, and COMA. Relatively common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; BRAIN HYPOXIA; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; and infectious processes.Occipital Lobe: Posterior portion of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES responsible for processing visual sensory information. It is located posterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus and extends to the preoccipital notch.Speech-Language Pathology: The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.Audiology: The study of hearing and hearing impairment.Communication Disorders: Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Loiasis: A parasitic infection caused by the nematode Loa loa. The vector in the transmission of this infection is the horsefly (Tabanus) or the deerfly or mango fly (Chrysops). The larvae may be seen just beneath the skin or passing through the conjunctiva. Eye lesions are not uncommon. The disease is generally mild and painless.Corpus Callosum: Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.Agenesis of Corpus Callosum: Birth defect that results in a partial or complete absence of the CORPUS CALLOSUM. It may be isolated or a part of a syndrome (e.g., AICARDI'S SYNDROME; ACROCALLOSAL SYNDROME; ANDERMANN SYNDROME; and HOLOPROSENCEPHALY). Clinical manifestations include neuromotor skill impairment and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY of variable severity.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.HandwritingGum Arabic: Powdered exudate from various Acacia species, especially A. senegal (Leguminosae). It forms mucilage or syrup in water. Gum arabic is used as a suspending agent, excipient, and emulsifier in foods and pharmaceuticals.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Agnosia: Loss of the ability to comprehend the meaning or recognize the importance of various forms of stimulation that cannot be attributed to impairment of a primary sensory modality. Tactile agnosia is characterized by an inability to perceive the shape and nature of an object by touch alone, despite unimpaired sensation to light touch, position, and other primary sensory modalities.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Brain Diseases, Metabolic: Acquired or inborn metabolic diseases that produce brain dysfunction or damage. These include primary (i.e., disorders intrinsic to the brain) and secondary (i.e., extracranial) metabolic conditions that adversely affect cerebral function.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.Vision Disorders: Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).Evoked Potentials, Visual: The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Alnus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Reflex, Babinski: A reflex found in normal infants consisting of dorsiflexion of the HALLUX and abduction of the other TOES in response to cutaneous stimulation of the plantar surface of the FOOT. In adults, it is used as a diagnostic criterion, and if present is a NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATION of dysfunction in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular: A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.Pseudoephedrine: A phenethylamine that is an isomer of EPHEDRINE which has less central nervous system effects and usage is mainly for respiratory tract decongestion.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)Unconscious (Psychology): Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Frontotemporal Dementia: The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.Myositis, Inclusion Body: Progressive myopathies characterized by the presence of inclusion bodies on muscle biopsy. Sporadic and hereditary forms have been described. The sporadic form is an acquired, adult-onset inflammatory vacuolar myopathy affecting proximal and distal muscles. Familial forms usually begin in childhood and lack inflammatory changes. Both forms feature intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions in muscle tissue. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1409-10)Osteitis Deformans: A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.AxisTeaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.VirginiaPDZ Domains: Protein interaction domains of about 70-90 amino acid residues, named after a common structure found in PSD-95, Discs Large, and Zona Occludens 1 proteins. PDZ domains are involved in the recruitment and interaction of proteins, and aid the formation of protein scaffolds and signaling networks. This is achieved by sequence-specific binding between a PDZ domain in one protein and a PDZ motif in another protein.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.

Pure apraxic agraphia with abnormal writing stroke sequences: report of a Japanese patient with a left superior parietal haemorrhage. (1/44)

A 67 year old Japanese male patient had pure agraphia after a haemorrhage in the left superior parietal lobule. He developed difficulty in letter formation but showed no linguistic errors, consistent with the criteria of apraxic agraphia. He manifested a selective disorder of sequencing writing strokes, although he was able to orally state the correct sequences. The patient's complete recovery after 1 month, without new learning, showed that he had manifested a selective disorder of writing stroke sequences. These findings indicate that the final stage of the execution of writing according to acquired sequential memory shown as a stroke sequence can be selectively disturbed, and should be considered to be distinct from the ability of character imagery and the knowledge of the writing stroke sequence itself. This case also indicates that the left superior parietal lobule plays an important part in the execution of writing.  (+info)

Retraining of dysgraphia - a case study. (2/44)

A patient with dysgraphia resulting from a gunshot wound of the brain is presented. Analysis of the functional status of component operations involved in the skill of writing is described. A retraining scheme based on this analysis brought about a significant improvement in the patient's handwriting.  (+info)

Evaluation and outcome of aphasia in patients with severe closed head trauma. (3/44)

In this study long-term observation of 12 patients with aphasia secondary to severe closed head trauma took place. The most frequent symptoms were amnestic aphasia and verbal paraphasia. Only one patient with a constant slow wave EEG focus in the dominant hemisphere had severe receptive symptoms. In all other patients the aphasia recovered rather well, though not totally, but the presence and degree of concomitant neuropsychological disorders were most important for the final outcome.  (+info)

Effectiveness of neuromotor task training for children with developmental coordination disorder: a pilot study. (4/44)

The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Neuromotor Task Training (NTT), recently developed for the treatment of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) by pediatric physical therapists in the Netherlands. NTT is a task-oriented treatment program based upon recent insights from motor control and motor learning research. Ten children with DCD (intervention group) were tested before and after 9 and 18 treatment sessions on the Movement ABC and a dysgraphia scale in order to measure the effectiveness of treatment on gross and fine motor skills in general and handwriting in particular. Five children (no-treatment control group) were tested twice with a time lag of nine weeks on the Movement ABC in order to measure spontaneous improvement. No improvement was measured for the children in the no-treatment control group, whereas a significant improvement was found for children in the intervention group for both quality of handwriting and performance on the Movement ABC after 18 treatment sessions.  (+info)

Reading aloud in jargonaphasia: an unusual dissociation in speech output. (5/44)

A patient is described who showed several dissociations between oral and written language processing after bilateral retrorolandic vascular lesion. Dissociation was firstly between abolished auditory comprehension and preserved written comprehension and then involved confrontation naming, clearly superior in the written modality. The third striking dissociation involved oral output; spontaneous speech, although fluent and well articulated, consisted of neologistic jargon, while reading aloud was clearly superior though not perfect. Data are discussed with reference to a cognitive model of word processing. The pattern of dissociation in word production may be due to a failure in retrieving the phonological word form from the semantic system.  (+info)

Parkinsonism following bilateral lesions of the globus pallidus: performance on a variety of motor tasks shows similarities with Parkinson's disease. (6/44)

OBJECTIVES: The authors report the results of detailed investigations into the motor function of a patient who, after a heavy drinking binge and subsequent unconsciousness, respiratory acidosis, and initial recovery, developed parkinsonism characterised by hypophonic speech and palilalia, "fast micrographia", impaired postural reflexes, and brady/akinesia in proximal (but not distal) alternating upper limb movements. METHODS: In addition to brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), different aspects of motor function were investigated using reaction time (RT) tasks, pegboard and finger tapping tasks, flex and squeeze tasks, movement related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and contingent negative variation (CNV). Cognitive function was also assessed. The results were compared to those previously reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). RESULTS: Brain MRI showed isolated and bilateral globus pallidus (GP) lesions covering mainly the external parts (GPe). These lesions were most probably secondary to respiratory acidosis, as other investigations failed to reveal an alternative cause. The results of the RT tasks showed that the patient had difficulties in preparing and maintaining preparation for a forthcoming movement. MRCP and CNV studies were in line with this, as the early component of the MRCP and CNV were absent prior to movement. The patient's performance on pegboard and finger tapping, and flex and squeeze tasks was normal when performed with one hand, but clearly deteriorated when using both hands simultaneously or sequentially. CONCLUSIONS: In general, the present results were similar to those reported previously in patients with PD. This provides further indirect evidence that the output of globus pallidus is of major importance in abnormal motor function in PD. The possible similarities of the functional status of GP in PD and our case are discussed.  (+info)

Around the clock surveillance: simple graphic disturbance in patients with hemispatial neglect carries implications for the clock drawing task. (7/44)

BACKGROUND: Drawing, and the clock drawing task in particular, is widely used as a diagnostic tool in the study of hemispatial neglect. It is generally assumed that the errors in graphic production, such as the misplacement of numbers, reflect a visuospatial deficit, and that drawing production itself (for example, producing the circle) is unimpaired. OBJECTIVES: To test this assumption by examining whether the production of simple circles is affected by neglect. METHODS: 16 right hemisphere stroke patients copied circles of various sizes and their drawings were measured for size accuracy. RESULTS: Patients with more severe neglect produced greater scaling errors, consistently drawing the circle smaller than the original. Errors were not in the horizontal axis alone--shrinkage occurred equally in both height and width axes. CONCLUSIONS: Neglect can co-occur with constructional difficulties that serve to exacerbate the symptoms presented. This should be taken into account in the assessment of even apparently simple drawing tasks.  (+info)

Do deep dyslexia, dysphasia and dysgraphia share a common phonological impairment? (8/44)

This study directly compared four patients who, to varying degrees, showed the characteristics of deep dyslexia, dysphasia and/or dysgraphia--i.e., they made semantic errors in oral reading, repetition and/or spelling to dictation. The "primary systems" hypothesis proposes that these different conditions result from severe impairment to a common phonological system, rather than damage to task-specific mechanisms (i.e. grapheme-phoneme conversion). By this view, deep dyslexic/dysphasic patients should show overlapping deficits but previous studies have not directly compared them. All four patients in the current study showed poor phonological production across different tasks, including repetition, reading aloud and spoken picture naming, in line with the primary systems hypothesis. They also showed severe deficits in tasks that required the manipulation of phonology, such as phoneme addition and deletion. Some of the characteristics of the deep syndromes - namely lexicality and imageability effects - were typically observed in all of the tasks, regardless of whether semantic errors occurred or not, suggesting that the patients' phonological deficits impacted on repetition, reading aloud and spelling to dictation in similar ways. Differences between the syndromes were accounted for by variation in other primary systems--particularly auditory processing. Deep dysphasic symptoms occurred when the impact of phonological input on spoken output was disrupted or reduced, either as a result of auditory/phonological impairment, or for patients with good phonological input analysis, when repetition was delayed. 'Deep' disorders of reading aloud, repetition and spelling can therefore be explained in terms of damage to interacting primary systems such as phonology, semantics and vision, with phonology playing a critical role.  (+info)

Synonyms for acoustic agraphia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for acoustic agraphia. 2 synonyms for agraphia: anorthography, logagraphia. What are synonyms for acoustic agraphia?
Introduction: Agraphia or dysgraphia, observed often in early AD, encompasses a progressive disorganization and degeneration of the various components of handwriting. M..
en] Though a few case studies reported a dissociation between intact writing of Arabic and impaired writing of alphabetical script, a detailed experimental analysis of such a dissociation is still lacking. We report a follow-up study of a patient with a parieto-occipital lesion who is affected by severe peripheral agraphia for letters, but not for Arabic digits. While letters in writing to dictation are frequently illegible, distorted, or consist in meaningless strokes, Arabic digits are well-formed and fluently produced. In a series of tasks, including copying of letters with tachistoscopic presentation and handwriting on a digitizing tablet, several processing levels are assessed in order to localize JS functional writing impairment and to determine different processing routes for letters and for numbers. Overall, the results of the experimental investigation suggest a notation specific deficit in the activation of graphomotor patterns for letters, but not for digits. The study thus adds ...
Does your child have a writing disability? Is it dyslexia? Is it something else? Learn how to determine if your child has a writing disability.
Links to hundreds of special education law and advocacy articles, newsletters, cases, and practical guidance for parents, advocates, and attorneys. Wrightslaw is the most comprehensive special education advocacy site on the Internet
We have a long way to go yet. Doctors, testing, referrals, therapy and so on. I am just praying for strength and guidance. The universe has a way of doing me a solid when I need it. Ive been lucky that way. Now I just have to get past the guilt. Making poor Tyler write things over and over...trying to get him to be neater. I just cry when I think about how difficult its been for him and how he couldnt TELL us. He didnt know how to explain. He didnt know why tying shoes and doing buttons was so hard. Why he was so clumsy and always falling down and ripping his pants. *sigh ...
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Pélagie (Pagie) Beeson is Professor and Head of the Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, with a joint appointment in the Department of Neurology. Her clinical and research interests include the study of the language and cognition in healthy adults and those with acquired neurogenic communication disorders. In particular, Dr. Beeson studies a) the cognitive processes that support spoken and written language, b) the treatment of aphasia, acquired alexia and agraphia, and c) issues related to long-term rehabilitation of aphasia. Dr.
Do you pine for long stretches of uninterrupted time when you can finally finish that article? Do you find your days getting eaten up by service or administrative duties, the minutia of handling student emails, and worrying about all the publishing you ought to be doing but arent? Youre not the only one. Research shows that academic productivity does not demand long stretches of uninterrupted time, which for most of us appear in our lives as often as unicorns and pixies. Regular short daily, or even weekly, time spent writing is the most effective way to increase your output. Let CTLE help you break the binge and starve writing habit and develop a healthy and effective writing schedule.. CTLE is sponsoring a new writing accountability program based on Paul Silvas "agraphia groups" as outlined in his best-selling book, How to Write a Lot. Writing Circles meet weekly, either in person or electronically, to hold each other accountable for publication goals. Circles set concrete, short-term goals ...
James Thomson, City of Dreadful Night, with drawings by Clifford Harper, London: Agraphia, 2003, 96pp Jane Desmarais A dark, pessimistic and deeply
Learning to read and write are complex processes, which can be disrupted in various ways, leading to disorders known as dyslexia and dysgraphia. Two new studies, published in a recent special issue of Elseviers Cortex (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00109452) ...
Arushi Sethi, Psychology, mental health, mental awareness, depression, suicide, counselling, stigma, Mumbai, Trijog, Mumbai Psychiatry, Social Awareness, disability, dyslexia, autism, child counselling, Symptoms, Remedies, Remediation, Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Dysgraphia, ADHD, Autism, Awareness, Learning Disabilities, Behavioral Difficulties, Evaluation, Psychological evaluation, Psychological assessment,Transformation Holistic,Holistic development,Overcoming obstacles,Study Skills,Bullying,Better marks ,Better grades,School, School skills,Better performance,Skill set
Teaching and learning tips, articles and links about giftedness and learning disabilities, learning differences, difficulties ∓ disabilities (including dyslexia and dysgraphia), for people of all ages.
Writing is fun. It wasnt always. When I was young I was diagnoes with dyslexia, dysgraphia and non-verbal learning disorder (on the Autism...
Our son just turned 8. We have been where you are and know how hard it is for everyone. We would receive daily calls from the school, they would have to clear the classroom because of his explosive behavior. He would scream, call people names, be disrespectful, hit, kick, throw things and his favorite word was no. He would also hide under the desk and refuse to participate in group activities. Writing was an impossible task with complete meltdowns and he was totally ostracized by his peers. It broke my heart. We had seen Drs and therapists all with differing opinions, but I knew we had to do more than we had been to help him and so the detailed research began.. The first thing we did was have a full Neuropsychological Assessment completed, which determined that he has dysgraphia, Social Pragmatic Disorder, ODD, along with ADHD. This allowed us to clearly work out a path to help our son. We met with psychiatrists, neurologists, phsycologists and therapists. We did a lot of homework on all the ...
living as a family with ADHD, ADD, SPD, motor processing disorder, dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalcula, dysgraphia, anxiety, depression, ODD.
Question 1: Parenting a Disabled Child: How can a disabled person overcome a toxic childhood? I am a fifty-one-year-old woman with several neurological disabilities, and I would have liked to have been reared as a human being. Instead, I was frequently informed (usually by my mother) that I was a "retarded, subhuman spectacle" - a "vegetable," a "handicapped monstrosity," a "travesty of a human being." It was daily made plain to me that I was being reared purely out of my parents sense of duty, so as not to burden other people with my existence. It was likewise continually made clear to me that, whenever anyone played with me or tried to become acquainted with me, they did this purely out of an imposed sense of a duty to do so: for instance, because they were following a parents or teachers commands in order to avoid being punished for avoiding me. My disabilities (dyspraxia, dysgraphia, and severe Aspergers among some others) are not physically visible. However, their effects on my behavior ...
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Spelling Test for 3rd Grade using 3rd grade Spelling Words and Spelling Bee Words for grade 3 | 3rd grade spelling listening test and exercises | Listening activities for elementary school students and ESL learners | Spelling dictation test and quiz for year 3, spelling bee test for grade 3 | Hard spelling words for grade 3, practice and lessons | Spelling exercises train you on your vocabulary and ability to type fast.
Get this from a library! The complete guide to Japanese kanji : remembering and understanding the 2,136 standard characters. [Christopher Seeley; Kenneth G Henshall; Jiageng Fan] -- Learn over 2,000 Japanese Kanji characters with this user-friendly Japanese language-learning book. This unique Kanji study guide provides a comprehensive introduction to all the Kanji characters on ...
OK, so I decided to write an extension of this explanation, which you might want to read first, if youre not already familiar with it.. Heres the deal. Whats the usual way you try to remember, say a Chinese character (kanji, hanzi, whatever)? Write it out a kajillion times, right? Brutal, medieval, ineffective. That may have worked for Frances Xavier with oodles of time and church money, but it wont work for the kid like you or me who wants to actually learn something to a high level in a practical amount of time. By practical I mean "only a fraction of the number of years you have been alive".. By now youre asking: "what snake oil are you selling, Khatzumoto?". Shut up and listen.. That kanji that youre trying to break your arm with by writing over and over again? Youre probably going to forget it tomorrow. By next week, that sucker will be gone. Not because of some wicked, intentional long-term social engineering project to make kanji difficult and keep the masses illiterate (a load of ...
With just these two books, students can learn a quarter of the two thousand characters designated for "daily use" by the Japanese government. Volume 1 concentrates on pictographs and contains some two hundred kanji with memory aids, explanatory drawings, examples of kanji formation by combining elements, and common-use word compounds. Volume 2 contains three hundred more kanji, including those of more abstract construction. Each volume is in a handy size and contains a complete stroke-count index. Recommended as a classroom supplement for all levels ...
This sequence of base character and modifiers is called a combining character sequence. Some non-western languages require more complicated models, so Unicode created the grapheme cluster concept, and then the extended grapheme cluster. For example, a Korean Hangul syllable is considered a single logical character, but most often consists of three actual Unicode characters: a leading consonant followed by an interior vowel followed by a trailing consonant.. Whether to call these extended grapheme clusters "characters" depends on your point of view. If you are a programmer, you probably would tend towards seeing each element in the sequences as one unit, or "character". The whole sequence could be seen as one "character", however, from the users point of view, since thats probably what it looks like in the context of the users language.. With this "whole sequence" view of characters, the total number of characters is open-ended. But in the programmers "one unit is one character" point of ...
This sequence of base character and modifiers is called a combining character sequence. Some non-western languages require more complicated models, so Unicode created the grapheme cluster concept, which was later further refined into the extended grapheme cluster. For example, a Korean Hangul syllable is considered a single logical character, but most often consists of three actual Unicode characters: a leading consonant followed by an interior vowel followed by a trailing consonant.. Whether to call these extended grapheme clusters "characters" depends on your point of view. If you are a programmer, you probably would tend towards seeing each element in the sequences as one unit, or "character". However from the users point of view, the whole sequence could be seen as one "character" since thats probably what it looks like in the context of the users language. In this document, we take the programmers point of view: one "character" is one Unicode code point.. For some combinations of base ...
The purpose of Mastering Japanese Kanji, by Glen Nolan Grant, is to provide a basic knowledge of 200 beginning kanji. Students often gravitate...
House Spelling Word Questions - Answer each of the questions using one of the spelling words: fireplace, window, vacuum, furniture, ceiling, garage, attic, basement, kitchen, bathroom, carpet, banister.
Free, printable third grade spelling worksheets are available at GradeSpelling.com, Education.com and Spelling-Words-Well.com. GradeSpelling.com offers lessons, tests and printable spelling word...
Private Spelling tutoring lessons in Margate, FL. Expert homework help and test preparation secrets. Boost your grades easily. Find the perfect tutor now.
A new spelling champion will be proclaimed Thursday night in Washington, D.C., at the 82nd Scripps National Spelling Bee. A record 293 spellers competed this year, ranging in age from 9 to 15.
Free PDF Kanji cards for download. Sorted lists of Kanji acording to your preferences along with Information for writing your own Kanji cards.
Free PDF Kanji cards for download. Sorted lists of Kanji acording to your preferences along with Information for writing your own Kanji cards.
This word (Horid) may be misspelled. Below you can find the suggested words which we believe are the correct spellings for what you were searching for. If you click on the links, you can find more information about these words.. ...
Use words to express numbers that occur at the beginning of a sentence, title, subtitle, or heading; for common fractions; for accepted usage and numbers used as pronouns; for ordinals first through ninth; and when part of a published quote or title in which the number is spelled out. When spelling out numerals, hyphenate twenty-one through ninety-nine when these numbers occur alone or as part of a larger number. When numbers greater than 100 are spelled out, do not use commas or and (eg, one hundred thirty-two). | Use words for any number that begins a sentence, title, subtitle, or
Use words to express numbers that occur at the beginning of a sentence, title, subtitle, or heading; for common fractions; for accepted usage and numbers used as pronouns; for ordinals first through ninth; and when part of a published quote or title in which the number is spelled out. When spelling out numerals, hyphenate twenty-one through ninety-nine when these numbers occur alone or as part of a larger number. When numbers greater than 100 are spelled out, do not use commas or and (eg, one hundred thirty-two). | Use words for any number that begins a sentence, title, subtitle, or
Correct spelling for the English word "athenians" is [ a_θ_ˈiː_n_iə_n_z], [ aθˈiːni͡ənz], [ aθˈiːni‍ənz] (IPA phonetic alphabet).. ...
Study Spelling List 17 using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. Prep for a quiz or learn for fun!
You are viewing: Alphabet. An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols or graphemes that represent the phonemes of certain spoken languages.
Verizon Business surveyed 1,000 people to see what corporate jargon resonates with people and what terms people would prefer to do without.
This buzzword and organizational jargon list will be updated randomly. But it is hard to keep up because media expressions will proliferate.
The AikiWeb Forums serves the Internet Aikido community as a repository and dissemination point for sharing and discussing the Japanese art of Aikido.
HiI believe the spelling with two ls is the American spellingsimilar to Cabling, labeling etc.The American spelling is more usually with two ls the English with one.
အမ်ိဳးသားပညာဝန္ ဦးဖိုးက်ားဟာ ကိုလိုနီေခတ္မွာ ျမန္မာ့ပညာေရး ျမင့္မားလာေစရန္ စြမ္းစြမ္းတမံ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့သူအျဖစ္" မွတ္တမ္းတင္ထားပါတယ္။ "အမ်ိဳးသားပညာေရးေလာကတြင္ ဦးဖိုးက်ားသည္ ေက်ာ္ၾကားေသာ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ၾကီးတဦးျဖစ္သည္" လို႔ ျမန္မာ့စြယ္စံုက်မ္း၊ အတြဲ ၇၊ စာမ်က္ႏွာ ၂၉၂-၂၉၃ မွာ ရိုက္ႏွိပ္ထားပါတယ္။ "ျမန္မာစာေပေလာက၌ ထင္ရွားေသာပုဂၢိဳလ္တဦးလည္းျဖစ္သည္။" "ပုသိမ္ျမိဳ႕ ...
KANJI: JIN NIN hito (person) ASCII Art Representation: ,,,, %%%%, %%%% %%%% %%%% %%%% %%%%, %%% %% %%% %%, %%% %%% %%% %% %%% %%, %%%%...
Kuchiki literally means rotting tree. The verb kuchiru aside from meaning to rot, can also mean to die forgotten, or unknown to the world. Byaku is the kanji for white, and ya (which can also be read suke) is a typical ending for a boys name ...
Quote: Originally Posted by Damo Sometimes people are tired, in a hurry, or any number of reasons and use incorrect spelling, leave off a letter, use
Sorry it appears the entry you have requested does not exist. Please check the spelling of your query and try again. You can also try searching using the search field on the left of the page.. ...
Sorry it appears the entry you have requested does not exist. Please check the spelling of your query and try again. You can also try searching using the search field on the left of the page.. ...
Note: Spellings of quotations are reproduced as they appear in the novel. Part I The action of All the Pretty Horses takes place in 1949 and 1950.
"agraphia". the Free Dictionary by Farlex. Retrieved 7 July 2013. Berninger, VW; May, MO (2011). "Evidence-based diagnosis and ... Most common presentation is a motor dysgraphia/agraphia resulting from damage to some part of the motor cortex in the parietal ... Dysgraphia should be distinguished from agraphia, which is an acquired loss of the ability to write resulting from brain injury ... Agraphia Character amnesia Dyscravia Learning disability Lists of language disorders Chivers, M. (1991). "Definition of ...
The unstreaked tit-tyrant (Uromyias agraphia) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Peru. Its natural ... BirdLife International (2012). "Anairetes agraphia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union ...
It is evident from this case study of alexia without agraphia that the posterior commissure plays a vital role in transferring ... Mulroy, E., Murphy, S., & Lynch, T. (2012). Alexia without Agraphia. Instructions for Authors, 105(7). Voineskos, A. N., Rajji ... Disruption of the posterior commissure can cause alexia without agraphia. ...
... , also known as agnosic alexia or alexia without agraphia or pure word blindness, is one form of alexia which makes ... Imtiaz KE, Nirodi G, Khaleeli AA (2001). "Alexia without agraphia: a century later". Int. J. Clin. Pract. 55 (3): 225-6. PMID ... ISBN 0-205-23939-0. Kim, E. S., Rising, K., Rapcsak, S. Z., & Beeson, P. M. (2015). "Treatment for Alexia With Agraphia ... Pure alexia is also known as: "alexia without agraphia", "letter-by-letter dyslexia", "spelling dyslexia", or "word-form ...
The concept was first coined by Leisman; and Sroka, Solsi, and Bornstein Applications have included alexia without agraphia ... ISBN 978-0-398-03454-2. Sroka H, Solsi P, Bornstein B (1973). "Alexia without agraphia with complete recovery". Confinia ...
This disorder is usually accompanied by surface agraphia and fluent aphasia. Acquired surface dyslexia arises when a previously ... Pure, or phonologically-based, dyslexia, also known as agnosic dyslexia, dyslexia without agraphia, and pure word blindness, is ... "A Treatment Sequence for Phonological Alexia/Agraphia". Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 53 (2): 450-68. doi: ...
書寫障礙(英語:Dysgraphia、Agraphia),又稱失寫症,是一種以手寫字所產生的學習不利現象,跟
Left posterior cerebral artery syndrome presents alexia without agraphia; the lesion is in the splenium of the corpus callosum ...
Rohrer JD, Rossor MN, Warren JD (February 2009). "Neologistic jargon aphasia and agraphia in primary progressive aphasia". J. ... Neologistic jargon aphasia and agraphia in primary progressive aphasia. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 2009;277(1-2):155 ...
"agraphia". the Free Dictionary by Farlex. Hentet 7. juli 2013.. Hentet fra "https://da.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dysgrafi ...
In a case study, Rosselli and Ardila describe the rehabilitation of a 58-year-old woman with spatial alexia, agraphia, and ... Cognitive rehabilitation may be useful for the symptoms that interfere with activities of daily life, such as agraphia and ... Acalculia is one out of four defining components of Gerstmann's syndrome; the other three components are agraphia, finger ... 1] Gerstmann, J. (1940). Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia, acalculia. Archives of ...
Sakurai, Y.; Mimura, I.; Mannen, T. (2008). "Agraphia for kanji resulting from a left posterior middle temporal gyrus lesion". ... may result in alexia and agraphia for kanji characters (characters of Chinese origin used in Japanese writing). Position of ...
Agraphia Press, 2003) The Ballad of Robin Hood and the Deer (Agraphia Press, 2003) The Ballad of Santo Caserio (Agraphia Press ... His illustrations for The Guardian's Country Diary column were published as a book in 2003 by Agraphia Press. Graphic Anarchy, ... An article about Harper's art appears in the Anarchist publication Organise! here Agraphia Clifford Harper's official website: ... and created his own small publishing project Agraphia Press. He does a great deal of work for the Union movement in Britain and ...
It includes right-left confusion, difficulty with writing (agraphia) and difficulty with mathematics (acalculia). It can also ...
Gerstmann, J. Syndrome of Finger Agnosia, disorientation for right and left, Agraphia, and Acalculia. Archives of Neurology and ... Gerstmann, J. Syndrome of Finger Agnosia, disorientation for right and left, Agraphia, and Acalculia. Archives of Neurology and ...
Agraphia Coordinates: 51°30′49.7″N 0°7′33.3″W / 51.513806°N 0.125917°W / 51.513806; -0.125917. ... whose current work can be seen at Agraphia. "Page 5", Jazz Journal International, 39, 1986 The Jazz Site Jack Massarik (1983) ...
Dysgraphia/agraphia: deficiency in the ability to write Dyscalculia/acalculia: difficulty in learning or comprehending ... Gerstmann, J (1940). "Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia and acalculia-Local diagnostic ... agraphia (inability to copy), and left-right confusion. Geschwind proposed that written word is translated to internal ...
Agraphia is the inability to write which can also arise from damage to Broca's area or the motor cortex. In addition, damage to ... The three major linguistic disorders that result from these injuries are aphasia, alexia, and agraphia. Aphasia is the ...
Gerstmann, Josef (1940). "Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia and acalculia: local ...
Verbal dyslexia without agraphia, color anomia: Dominant calcarine lesion and posterior part of corpus callosum. Memory defect ...
Language disturbances in delirium include anomic aphasia, paraphasias, impaired comprehension, agraphia, and word-finding ...
Gerstmann syndrome - Characterized by acalculia, agraphia, finger anomia and difficulty in differentiation of right and left. ...
It can include right-left confusion, a difficulty with writing Agraphia and a difficulty with mathematics Acalculia. In ...
Movement - Apraxia and agraphia may occur where responding to any verbal instructions by movement or writing in the left hand ... Callosal disconnection syndrome is characterized by left ideomotor apraxia and left-hand agraphia and/or tactile anomia, and is ... Callosal disconnection syndrome is characterized by left ideomotor apraxia and left-hand agraphia and/or tactile anomia, and is ... Dejerine in 1892 described specific symptoms resulting from a lesion to the corpus callosum that caused alexia without agraphia ...
Aphasia Expressive aphasia Conduction aphasia Logorrhea Agraphia Paragrammatism Transcortical sensory aphasia Wernicke- ...
Antonyms for acoustic agraphia. 2 synonyms for agraphia: anorthography, logagraphia. What are synonyms for acoustic agraphia? ... agraphia. (redirected from acoustic agraphia). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Encyclopedia. #vtZoom,.vt-link{cursor: ... Acoustic agraphia synonyms, acoustic agraphia antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/acoustic+agraphia ... Synonyms for agraphia. a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion. Synonyms. * ...
Widely recognized as one of the most valuable resources in speech-language pathology, the respected Hegdes PocketGuide to Assessment in Speech-Language Pathology is now in its third edition. Designed as a companion volume to the Hegdes PocketGuide to Treatment in Speech-Language Pathology, Third Edition, it provides clinical practitioners and students in communication sciences and disorders a quick reference for assessment techniques. The most desirable features of a specialized dictionary of terms, clinical resource book, and textbook of assessment are combined in this single, easy-to-access resource. Assessment procedures are provided in a do this format. Information not directly related to assessment procedures has been moved to the new Hegdes PocketGuide to Communication Disorders, allowing for expanded coverage of assessment procedures and the addition of important new entries, making this edition more relevant and useful than ever!
Croisile, B. (1999). Agraphia in Alzheimers disease. Dement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord. 10, 226-230. doi: 10.1159/000017124 ... LaBarge, E., Smith, D. S., Dick, L., and Storandt, M. (1992). Agraphia in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Arch. Neurol. 49, ... Yokota, T., Ishiai, S., Furukawa, T., and Tsukagoshi, H. (1990). Pure agraphia of kanji due to thrombosis of the Labbe vein. J ... This test was developed for use with a digitizing tablet to assess handwriting impairments (agraphia) in AD patients (Werner et ...
... agraphia or dysgraphia acalculia or dyscalculia finger agnosia left-right disorientation Pure Gerstmann syndro... ... agraphia or dysgraphia. *acalculia or dyscalculia. *finger agnosia *left-right disorientation. Pure Gerstmann syndrome is said ...
In the beginning stages of AD, individuals show signs of allographic agraphia and apraxic agraphia. Allographic agraphia is ... Agraphia has two main subgroupings: central ("aphasic") agraphia and peripheral ("nonaphasic") agraphia. Central agraphias ... Central agraphia may also be called aphasic agraphia as it involves areas of the brain whose major functions are connected to ... Deep agraphia involves damage to the same areas of the brain as lexical agraphia plus some damage to the perisylvian language ...
Lambula agraphia is a moth of the family Erebidae. It was described by Hampson in 1900. It is found in New Guinea. Lambula at ...
This project is supported in part by the NIH Specialized Programs of Translational Research in Acute Stroke (SPOTRIAS) Network, and NINDS grant 3P50NS055977 to Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine and UT Southwestern Medical Center.. ...
Pure agraphia of kanji is considered to be similar to lexical agraphia in Indo-European languages, in that the writing system ... A case is described of a 56 year old Japanese male with pure agraphia of kanji (the Japanese morphograms) due to haemorrhagic ... Pure agraphia of kanji due to thrombosis of the Labbé vein.. @article{Yokota1990PureAO, title={Pure agraphia of kanji due to ... Alexia with agraphia of kanji (Japanese morphograms).. *Masahiko Kawamura, Keizo Hirayama, Koichi Hasegawa, Nobuyoshi Takahashi ...
Trouble with object naming has been associated with alexia without agraphia,1 but has received only limited attention.2 We ... To the Editor.- Trouble with object naming has been associated with alexia without agraphia,1 but has received only limited ... Mori E, Yokoyama K, Matsuo T, Yamadori A. Vision-Specific Anomia and Total Involvement of Splenium in Alexia Without Agraphia. ... Vision-Specific Anomia and Total Involvement of Splenium in Alexia Without Agraphia. ...
Agraphia Spelling Disorders. *Deep agraphia *syndrome similar to phonological agraphia in that there is impairment of ... Agraphia Writing disorders. *Allographic agraphia *writing impairment assd w/ poor written production characterized by ... Surface agraphia *spelling d/o in which sublexical spelling-to-sound correspondences are used to assemble the spelling of the ... Lexical agraphia. *Selective impairment of lexical (whole-word) spelling route that results in overreliance on spelling by ...
Alexia and Agraphia. As a result damage gyrus impedes the association of visual. patterns with auditory forms, thereby ... while lost e ability to write is known as agraphia.. 3. The Critical Period Hypothesis. The cortical period is the time ...
Answer • Gerstmann syndrome • Agraphia • Acalculia • Finger agnosia • Right-left confusion * 155. Question 2: 1st clue ( +30/- ...
Disruption of the posterior commissure can cause alexia without agraphia. It is evident from this case study of alexia without ... Mulroy, E., Murphy, S., & Lynch, T. (2012). Alexia without Agraphia. Instructions for Authors, 105(7). ... agraphia that the posterior commissure plays a vital role in transferring information from the right occipital cortex to the ...
... processing during written language production and complement lesion-deficit correlation studies of phonological agraphia. ...
書寫障礙(英語:Dysgraphia、Agraphia),又稱失寫症,是一種以手寫字所產生的學習不利現象,跟
We report a follow-up study of a patient with a parieto-occipital lesion who is affected by severe peripheral agraphia for ... en] Aged ; Agraphia/psychology ; Anterior Cerebral Artery/physiology ; Attention/physiology ; Cerebral Infarction/pathology/ ... When writing 0 (zero) is easier than writing O (o): a neuropsychological case study of agraphia. ...
3. Gerstmann J. Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia and acalculia. Arch Neurol Psychiatry ( ... These deficits may occur as part of a Gerstmann syndrome (agraphia, acalculia, left-right disorientation, and finger agnosia) ... agraphia, acalculia, finger agnosia, and right-left disorientation) syndromes (2, 3); additional features were alexia, visual ...
"agraphia". the Free Dictionary by Farlex. Hentet 7. juli 2013.. Hentet fra "https://da.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dysgrafi ...
Agraphia. Pelagie M. Beeson and Steven Z. Rapcsak. 3.. Alexia. Argye E. Hillis. ...
1995). Agraphia and acalculia after a left prefrontal (F1, F2) infarction. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, ... Alexander, M. P., Fischer, R. S., & Friedman, R. (1992). Lesion localization in apractic agraphia. Archives of Neurology, 49, ... Roeltgen, D. P. (2003). Agraphia. In K. M. Heilman & E. Valenstein (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology (pp. 126-145). Oxford: ...
Stroke Syndromes Alexia without Agraphia; Balint Syndrome; Claude Syndrome; Cortical Blindness (Anton Syndrome); Gerstmann ...
no alexia, agraphia or illiteracy. *absence of diseases that can interfere with cognition (neoplasia, chronic alcoholism ...) ...
Study Neurological and Cognitive-Perceptual Approaches flashcards from Kim Martin
Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or ...
Agraphia. Inability to write. Anosmia. Lack of sense of smell. Apraxia. Inability to perform purposeful movements or to use ...
  • peripheral agraphia may also be called nonaphasic agraphia as it involves areas of the brain whose functions are not directly connected to language and writing (typically motor areas). (wikipedia.org)
  • I Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) er dysgrafi karakteriseret som en indlæringsvanskelighed, hvor en persons skriftlige udtryksform er under det niveau, der forventes af en person i forhold til alder, intelligens og passende uddannelse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurological testing demonstrated mental status changes, fluent agraphia, with plantars downgoing bilaterally. (aaopt.org)
  • Agraphia or impairment in producing written language can occur in many ways and many forms because writing involves many cognitive processes (language processing, spelling, visual perception, visuospatial orientation for graphic symbols, motor planning, and motor control of handwriting). (wikipedia.org)
  • Agraphia is observed, as a rule, in cases in which the occipital or sincipital region of the left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex in right-handed people is underdeveloped or damaged. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Agraphia has two main subgroupings: central ("aphasic") agraphia and peripheral ("nonaphasic") agraphia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of individuals with agraphia may provide more information about the pathways involved in writing, both language related and motoric. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with agraphia either lose the ability to combine letters into words or else leave out or transpose separate syllables. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The history of agraphia dates to the mid-fourteenth century, but it was not until the second half of the nineteenth century that it sparked significant clinical interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases associated with POU3F3 include Central Nervous System Tuberculosis and Agraphia . (genecards.org)