Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.
A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
Sexual activities of animals.
A nonapeptide that contains the ring of OXYTOCIN and the side chain of ARG-VASOPRESSIN with the latter determining the specific recognition of hormone receptors. Vasotocin is the non-mammalian vasopressin-like hormone or antidiuretic hormone regulating water and salt metabolism.
Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
Methods for quantitatively assessing and measuring interpersonal and group relationships.
Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.
Devices or tools used in combat or fighting in order to kill or incapacitate.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A feeling of restlessness associated with increased motor activity. This may occur as a manifestation of nervous system drug toxicity or other conditions.
A disorder in which fantasies about or the act of exposing the genitals to an unsuspecting stranger produces sexual excitement with no attempt at further sexual activity with the stranger.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of FOREBRAIN and BRAIN STEM areas including the HIPPOCAMPAL FORMATION, the LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS, the tegmentum, and the AMYGDALA. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Aggressive behavior intended to cause harm or distress. The behavior may be physical or verbal. There is typically an imbalance of power, strength, or status between the target and the aggressor.
Loose heterogeneous collection of cells in the anterior hypothalamus, continuous rostrally with the medial and lateral PREOPTIC AREAS and caudally with the TUBER CINEREUM.

S-16924 [(R)-2-[1-[2-(2,3-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-5-yloxy)-ethyl]- pyrrolidin-3yl]-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-ethanone], a novel, potential antipsychotic with marked serotonin1A agonist properties: III. Anxiolytic actions in comparison with clozapine and haloperidol. (1/2225)

S-16924 is a potential antipsychotic that displays agonist and antagonist properties at serotonin (5-HT)1A and 5-HT2A/2C receptors, respectively. In a pigeon conflict procedure, the benzodiazepine clorazepate (CLZ) increased punished responses, an action mimicked by S-16924, whereas the atypical antipsychotic clozapine and the neuroleptic haloperidol were inactive. Similarly, in a Vogel conflict paradigm in rats, CLZ increased punished responses, an action shared by S-16924 but not by clozapine or haloperidol. This action of S-16924 was abolished by the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY-100,635. Ultrasonic vocalizations in rats were inhibited by CLZ, S-16924, clozapine, and haloperidol. However, although WAY-100,635 abolished the action of S-16924, it did not affect clozapine and haloperidol. In a rat elevated plus-maze, CLZ, but not S-16924, clozapine, and haloperidol, increased open-arm entries. Like CLZ, S-16924 increased social interaction in rats, whereas clozapine and haloperidol were inactive. WAY-100,635 abolished this action of S-16924. CLZ, S-16924, clozapine, and haloperidol decreased aggressive interactions in isolated mice, but this effect of S-16924 was not blocked by WAY-100, 635. All drugs inhibited motor behavior, but the separation to anxiolytic doses was more pronounced for S-16924 than for CLZ. Finally, in freely moving rats, CLZ and S-16924, but not clozapine and haloperidol, decreased dialysis levels of 5-HT in the nucleus accumbens: this action of S-16924 was blocked by WAY-100,165. In conclusion, in contrast to haloperidol and clozapine, S-16924 possessed a broad-based profile of anxiolytic activity at doses lower than those provoking motor disruption. Its principal mechanism of action was activation of 5-HT1A (auto)receptors.  (+info)

Selective antiaggressive effects of alnespirone in resident-intruder test are mediated via 5-hydroxytryptamine1A receptors: A comparative pharmacological study with 8-hydroxy-2-dipropylaminotetralin, ipsapirone, buspirone, eltoprazine, and WAY-100635. (2/2225)

The present study characterized the effects of the novel, selective, and potent 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (serotonin) (5-HT1A) receptor agonist, alnespirone [S-20499, (S)-N-4-[5-methoxychroman-3-yl)propylamino)butyl- 8-azaspiro-(4,5)-diacetamide, hydrochloride] on offensive and defensive resident-intruder aggression in wild-type rats and compared its actions with those of the prototypical full 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2- dipropylaminotetralin (8-OH-DPAT), the partial 5-HT1A agonists ipsapirone and buspirone, and the mixed 5-HT1A/1B agonist eltoprazine. All five agonists exerted effective dose-dependent decreases of offensive aggressive behavior in resident rats; 8-OH-DPAT was the most potent (ID50 = 0.074 mg/kg), followed by eltoprazine (0.24), buspirone (0.72), ipsapirone (1.08), and alnespirone (1.24). However, in terms of selectivity of the antiaggressive effects as determined by the absence of decrements in social interest and general motor activity, alnespirone appeared to be superior. In the defensive aggression test, neither alnespirone nor any of the other four agonists changed defensive behaviors in the intruder rats. The involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in the antiaggressive actions of these drugs was confirmed by showing that the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY-100635 (N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2- pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide trihydrochloride), which was inactive alone, fully prevented the antiaggressive effects of alnespirone, 8-OH-DPAT, and buspirone and partly reversed those of ipsapirone and eltoprazine. The data clearly indicate that alnespirone effectively suppresses offensive aggression with an advantageous profile of action compared with other full or partial 5-HT1A agonists. These selective antiaggressive actions of alnespirone are mediated by stimulating 5-HT1A receptors, presumably the somatodendritic autoreceptors at the raphe nuclei. Furthermore, the data provide evidence for a major involvement of these 5-HT1A receptors in the modulation of aggressive behavior by 8-OH-DPAT, ipsapirone, buspirone, and eltoprazine.  (+info)

Measuring intermediate outcomes of violence prevention programs targeting African-American male youth: an exploratory assessment of the psychometric properties of six psychosocial measures. (3/2225)

This study examined the psychometric properties of six psychosocial measures that may be useful indicators of intermediate outcomes of violence prevention programs targeting African-American male youth. Baseline and 6 month follow-up survey data are used from 223 African-American male 12-16 year olds participating in a violence prevention program evaluation study. The constructs of interest are beliefs supporting aggression, aggressive conflict-resolution style, hostility, ethnic identity, self-esteem and hopelessness. Each construct is measured as a multi-item scale. Exploratory factor analysis results provided limited support for the unidimensionality of these scales, thus suggesting that further scale development is warranted. Reliability coefficients for the scales ranged from 0.55 to 0.80. Bivariate analyses with baseline data indicate that all six measures have construct and criterion-related validity, as they are associated with each other and with four behavioral criteria in the expected directions. Predictive validity was also demonstrated for beliefs supporting aggression, aggressive conflict-resolution style, hostility and hopelessness which were associated with weapon-carrying behaviors measured in the 6 month follow-up survey both before and after controlling for corresponding behaviors measured in the baseline survey.  (+info)

d,l-fenfluramine response in impulsive personality disorder assessed with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. (4/2225)

Reduced serotonergic activity has been associated with impulsive aggression in personality disordered patients in metabolite and pharmacologic challenge studies. This study used positron emission tomography to explore whether reduced serotonergic function occurs in critical brain regions such as orbital frontal and cingulate cortex that, may play a role in modulating aggression. Six impulsive-aggressive patients and five healthy volunteers were evaluated for changes in regional glucose metabolism after administration of the serotonergic releasing agent d,l-fenfluramine (60 mg, p.o.) or placebo. Volunteers demonstrated increases in orbital frontal and adjacent ventral medial frontal cortex, cingulate, and inferior parietal cortex, whereas impulsive-aggressive patients showed no significant increases in glucose metabolism after fenfluramine in any region. Compared with volunteers, patients showed significantly blunted metabolic responses in orbital frontal, adjacent ventral medial and cingulate cortex, but not in inferior parietal lobe. These results are consistent with reduced serotonergic modulation of orbital frontal, ventral medial frontal, and cingulate cortex in patients with impulsive-aggressive personality disorders.  (+info)

Side effects of extinction: prevalence of bursting and aggression during the treatment of self-injurious behavior. (5/2225)

Findings from basic and applied research suggest that treatment with operant extinction may produce adverse side effects; two of these commonly noted are an increase in the frequency of the target response (extinction burst) and an increase in aggression (extinction-induced aggression). Although extinction is often used to treat problem behavior in clinical settings, few applied studies have examined the prevalence of these side effects or their possible attenuation with other operant procedures. An analysis of 41 data sets for individuals who received treatment for self-injurious behavior indicated that extinction bursts or increases in aggression occurred in nearly one half of the cases. The prevalence of bursting and aggression was substantially lower when extinction was implemented as part of a treatment package rather than as the sole intervention.  (+info)

An evaluation of "informed consent" with volunteer prisoner subjects. (6/2225)

"Informed consent" sets a goal for investigators experimenting with human subjects, but little is known about how to achieve or evaluate it in an experiment. In a 3-year, double-blind study with incarcerated men, we attempted to provide a "free and informed consent" and evaluated our efforts with an unannounced questionnaire administered to subjects after they completed the experiment. At that time, approximately two-thirds had sufficient information for an informed consent, but only one-third was well informed about all key aspects of the experiment and one-third was insufficiently informed to give an informed consent. We found that institution- or study-based coercion was minimal in our experiment. From our evaluation of the questionnaire and experience at the study institution, we conclude that an experiment with human subjects should be designed to include an ongoing evaluation of informed consent, and active attempts should be made to avoid or minimize coercive inducements. Experiments with significant risk, which require a long duration and/or large sample size relative to the institution's population, should probably not be performed on prisoner subjects. The experimenter should be independent of the penal institution's power structure. Presenting and explaining a consent form to volunteers on one occasion is probably an in adequate procedure for obtaining and maintaining an informed consent.  (+info)

Practical approaches to reduce the impact of bullying. (7/2225)

Bullying has serious long term consequences for all concerned. The cost of ignoring bullying is great, and it is no longer acceptable to view bullying as a normal part of everyday life that children have to learn to tolerate. Effective strategies exist to reduce the frequency of bullying and to make this type of aggressive behaviour less likely to occur.  (+info)

Emotional stress and characteristics of brain noradrenaline release in the rat. (8/2225)

We have investigated several characteristics of the rat brain noradrenaline (NA) release caused by various stressful situations. Stresses such as immobilization or electric foot shock, wherein the physical factors rather than emotional ones were greatly involved, caused more marked increases in NA release in the more extended brain regions, as compared to psychological stress and conditioned fear, which caused increases in NA release preferentially in the hypothalamus, amygdala and locus coeruleus (LC) region. When the electric shock stress and psychological stress for 1 hr daily were repeated for 5 consecutive days, increases in brain NA release induced by electric shock were rapidly reduced, but those caused by psychological stress were enhanced rather than reduced. Rats with no stressor controllability (uncontrollable) had more severe gastric lesions and more marked increases in NA release in such brain regions as the hypothalamus and amygdala after 21 hrs of training than controllable rats. Rats with no opportunity to predict electric shock exhibited more severe gastric lesions and more marked increases in hypothalamic NA release than the predictable rats. The rats not allowed to express their aggression had more severe gastric mucosal lesions and a more noticeable and persistent increases in extracellular NA content in the amygdala determined by intracerebral microdialysis than the rats allowed to express aggression by biting a wooden stick in front of them during stress exposure. In aged rats (12 months old), recovery from increases in NA release in the hypothalamus and amygdala and increases in plasma corticosterone were much later than in young (2-month-old) rats. When rats were exposed to a series of six 15-min stress interrupted by 18-min non-stress periods for 180 min, they had much greater increases in brain NA release than rats stressed continuously for 180 min. Based upon these findings, we suggest that such stresses might be harmful to our health as psychological, uncontrollable and unpredictable stresses, stress unable to express aggression, stress in elderly people, and stress with lack of suitable rest.  (+info)

Impact of deprescribing AChEIs on aggressive behaviors and antipsychotic prescribing. Alzheimers Dement. 2020 Feb 13;: Authors: Niznik JD, Zhao X, He M, Aspinall SL, Hanlon JT, Nace D, Thorpe JM, Thorpe CT Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the impact of deprescribing acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) on aggressive behaviors and incident antipsychotic use in nursing ho...
Miczek, K.A., 1981: Symposium of the international society for research on aggression the psycho pharmacology of aggression and social behavior groningen netherlands july 12 1980
This is often referred to as aggression that is related to a conflict in the dominant/submissive relationship between two dogs or human and a dog. It is also used interchangeably with the term dominance aggression.. When the context of the term is being used as a trait, such as: This line of dogs is known to have high social aggression., or This breed of dogs is usually selected for low levels of social aggression, it is referring to the dogs tendency to show aggression for social reasons.. For example, some lines of Rottweilers and German Shepherds may growl at a stranger if that stranger or even certain family members try to give them a command. Some dogs will show aggression if someone tries to touch them. If the body language and history of the dog show that this aggression is not due to fear and is consistent with dominant posturing and rules of hierarchy than these dogs can be referred to as having high social aggression.. Certain dogs can have almost anything done to them and they ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of natal male alliances on aggression and power dynamics in rhesus macaques. AU - Beisner, B. A.. AU - Jackson, M. E.. AU - Cameron, A.. AU - Mccowan, B.. PY - 2011/8. Y1 - 2011/8. N2 - In the wild, male rhesus macaques disperse at sexual maturity. In captivity, however, males cannot disperse from their natal groups. Thus, the presence of natal males in captive rhesus social groups is unnatural and has the potential to negatively influence group dynamics and stability. A primary difference between natal males and non-natal (immigrant) males is that natal males have the opportunity to form long-term alliances with their maternal kin as well as nonkin. We investigated the factors associated with natal males kin alliances and the impact of these alliances on measures of natal male behavior, group dynamics, and group stability. We found that natal males more frequently formed alliances with maternal kin when they were from high-ranking matrilines, had more siblings, and were ...
Abstract: Using a longitudinal design, prior experience with violence as a victim and opportunity to aggress were examined as predictors of college womens verbal and physical aggression toward romantic partners. Five additional categories of predictors identified in previous research (experienced and witnessed parental aggression during childhood, attitudes accepting of aggression, aggressive/impulsive personality attributes, psychopathology, and prior use of aggression) were also examined. Blockwise hierarchical regression analyses were performed to reveal the best predictors of verbal aggression were prior use of verbal aggression in heterosexual conflicts during adolescence, witnessed parental aggression, level of adolescent sexual victimization, being a target of rational conflict strategies during adolescence and use of physical aggression in romantic adolescent relationships, as well as self-reported verbal aggression as an index of personality, weak emotional ties, number of sexual ...
Exposure to neighborhood danger during childhood has negative effects that permeate multiple dimensions of childhood. The current study examined whether mothers, fathers, and childrens perceptions of neighborhood danger are related to child aggression, whether parental monitoring moderates this relation, and whether harsh parenting mediates this relation. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 1293 children (age M = 10.68, SD = 0.66; 51% girls) and their mothers (n = 1282) and fathers (n = 1075) in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Perceptions of greater neighborhood danger were associated with more child aggression in all nine countries according to mothers and fathers reports and in five of the nine countries according to childrens reports. Parental monitoring did not moderate the relation between perception of neighborhood danger and child aggression. The mediating role of harsh parenting was inconsistent
Children with disruptive behavior (DB) are a heterogeneous group who exhibit several characteristics that may contribute to poor social functioning. The present study identified profiles of reactive aggression, proactive aggression, callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and prosocial behavior in a sample of children with DB. Associations with social functioning (social interaction, social status) were then examined, along with sex differences in profile membership. Parent ratings of 304 clinic-referred children ages 6-12 years with DB were analyzed using latent profile analysis. Five profiles were identified: 1) Moderate prosocial behavior, reactive aggression, and CU, and low proactive aggression (labelled Moderate); 2) Relatively high prosocial behavior and low reactive and proactive aggression and CU traits (Prosocial); 3) High prosocial behavior and reactive aggression, moderate proactive aggression, and low-moderate CU (Reactive-Prosocial); 4) Low prosocial behavior, high CU, high-moderate reactive
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Role of Technologies, Behaviors, Gender, and Gender Stereotype Traits in Adolescents Cyber Aggression. AU - Wright, Michelle F.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2017.. PY - 2020/4/1. Y1 - 2020/4/1. N2 - The present study focused on the impact of gender and gender stereotype traits (i.e., masculinity, femininity) on cyber aggression perpetration utilizing different technologies (i.e., social-networking sites, gaming consoles, mobile phones) and behaviors (i.e., cyber relational aggression, cyber verbal aggression, hacking). Participants included 233 eighth graders (108 female; Mage = 13.26, SD = 0.36) from two middle schools in the Midwestern United States. Adolescents completed questionnaires on their endorsement of masculinity and femininity traits as well as how often they engaged in cyber aggression perpetration (i.e., cyber relational aggression, cyber verbal aggression, hacking) through mobile phones, social-networking sites, and gaming consoles. Findings ...
Aggression is one of the core symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with therapeutic and prognostic relevance. ASPD is highly prevalent among inmates, being responsible for adverse events and elevated direct and indirect economic costs for the criminal justice system. The Impulsive/Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS) is a self-report instrument that characterises aggression as either predominately impulsive or premeditated. This study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the IPAS in a sample of Portuguese inmates. A total of 240 inmates were included in the study. A principal component factor analysis was performed so as to obtain the construct validity of the IPAS impulsive aggression (IA) and premeditated aggression (PM) sub-scales; internal consistency was determined by Cronbachs alpha coefficient; convergent and divergent validity of the sub-scales were determined analysing correlations with the Barratt Impulsiveness scale, 11th version (BIS-11), and the Psychopathic
Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples Anger and Aggression: An Essay On Emotion (Springer Series in Social Psychology) Enter your mobile number or email address below and well send you a link to download the free Kindle App. I was student radiography of about 11 weeks on my first clinical placement Main Theories of Aggression - read this full essay for FREE. This technique has existed in a mainstream of psychiatry for a bout fifteen years although there is scarse research that has been conducted with regards to the safety and effectiveness of the procedure Hormones and Aggressive Behaviour in the Evolutionary Context. Most of the youths have developed negative behavior as a result of being addicted with media violence. Woolf Freud Prompt Is Aggression at the Heart of Human Nature Sigmund Freud claims that we naturally have within us a repository of aggression Men are not gentle creatures who want to be ...
Understanding the joint neurobiological and social bases to aggression is critical to future attempts to tackle this major public health problem. The overarching goals are: (a) to conduct perhaps the most systematic integration of biosocial risk factors for childhood aggression in order to predict later aggression, (b) to conduct one of the very few biosocial interventions on childhood aggression, (c) to predict and treat two fundamentally different manifestations of aggression proactive and reactive aggression which likely have different etiologies and responsiveness to treatment. The specific aims are: (1) to assess biological (genetic, neurocognitive, brain imaging, neuroendocrinological, neurotoxin, psychophysiological, nutritional), psychosocial (neighborhood, family, school, peer, psychological) and psychiatric (ADHD, CD, ODD, depression, anxiety, PTSD, schizophrenia-spectrum) risk factors for male and female aggression in order to better predict later aggression, (2) to improve prediction ...
Although there have been a wide range of epidemiological studies examining the impact of patterns of alcohol consumption among adolescents, there remains considerable variability in both defining these patterns and the ability to comprehensively evaluate their relationship to behavioural patterns. This study explores a new procedure for defining and evaluating drinking patterns and integrating well-established indicators. The composite measure is then used to estimate the impact of these patterns on alcohol-related aggressive behaviour among Italian adolescents. Data were collected as part of the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). A national sample of 14,199 students aged 15-19 years was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire completed in a classroom setting. Drinking patterns were established using principal component analysis. Alcohol-related aggression was analysed as to its relationship to patterns of drinking, behaviour of friends towards
SYNOPSIS:. When mob boss Mr. Bellavance (Ray Wise) discovers that someone in his organization has stolen $500,000 in his personal stash, he sends his top hitmen on the trail of the usual suspects. Led by his right hand man, Lloyd (Dana Ashbrook), their investigations leave a bloody trail to a family moving into their new home in the rural countryside. Lloyd, Chissolm (Derek Mears), Freddie (Jacob Reynolds) and Wydofski (Joseph McKelheer) meet their match in the form of a very special and disturbed teenage boy whose psychological evaluation places him high on the aggression scale.. REVIEW:. Director Steven C. Miller gets in the cameras face early on with his thriller The Aggression Scale focusing on the killer hit man, Lloyd in the films first frames. The film is loud and bloody from the get go and the introduction is matched by the bold style of the title cards that follow. Loud and messy, Lloyd, loud and messy demands Ray Wises Bellavance when describing how Lloyd should handle anyone who ...
Overt aggression, increased anxiety, and dysfunctional fear processing are often observed in individuals with conduct disorder (CD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methylphenidate (MPH), a psychostimulant increasing dopamine and noradrenaline tone, is effective in reducing aggression in both CD and ADHD individuals. However, it is unclear to which extent these effects of MPH are dose dependent. Here, the effects of acute intraperitoneal MPH (3 and 10 mg/kg) on aggression, anxiety, social behavior, and fear extinction were investigated in BALB/cJ mice. Previous studies in BALB/cJ mice have revealed high levels of aggression and anxiety that are associated with reduced top-down cortical control. Administration of 3 mg/kg MPH prolonged the attack latency and prevented escalation of aggression over time compared to vehicle-treated mice, while 10 mg/kg MPH increased number of bites and attacks. In addition, 3 mg/kg MPH decreased social interaction slightly. A strong anxiolytic effect was
This longitudinal study examined relationships for male and female intimate partner aggression with depression and physical health, and indirect effects of aggression on health via depressive symptoms for 119 midlife couples. Physical and emotional aggression victimization and perpetration were examined; for 63% of couples both spouses reported at least one act of aggression over a three year period, for 9% only the husband was aggressive, for 12% only the wife was aggressive, and for 16% no partner aggression was reported. Path modeling revealed associations for husband total aggression with husband depression and with a composite variable of wife physical health, which combined measures assessing heath conditions, subclinical symptoms, preventive care behaviors, health behaviors, and physical health quality of life. There was a non-significant indirect effect from husband total aggression to the husband physical health composite via husband depression, which was significant in the model ...
Aggression can be a serious behavioral concern. Aggressive behavior can occur in cats of any breed, size, age, or gender. Cats dont speak our language, so often aggression is the only way they can communicate to us that they are uncomfortable. Fear is the most common reason for aggression. Other triggers for aggression may include play, territorial behavior, or anticipated pain. It can occur as a conditioned response if the cat has been physically punished in the past.. Pay close attention to your cats body language as you approach. A nervous or fearful cat may display the following signs: sideways or backwards flattened ears, whiskers pulled back, pupils dilated, and tail low or tucked between legs. Your cats body posture maybe crouched or low to the ground, as if they want to hide or turn away. Direct signs of fear aggression include arched back, fur standing on end, and erect puffed up tail. Audible fear aggression signals include hissing, yowling, or spitting.. Play aggression in cats can ...
Oh no! Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! See more. As a member, youll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Generally the act is associated with â ¦ â Saul McLeod, 2007. Relational aggression or alternative aggression is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someones relationships or social status.. Frustrationâ aggression hypothesis, otherwise known as the frustrationâ aggressionâ displacement theory, is a theory of aggression proposed by John Dollard, Neal Miller, Leonard Doob, Orval Mowrer, and Robert Sears in 1939, and further developed by Neal Miller in 1941 and Leonard Berkowitz in 1969. Frustration develops when the goal-directed behaviour is blocked. â ¦ Psychology Definition of REACTIVE AGGRESSION: A physical act committed with little consideration of the consequences. The roots of psychology Aggression is an inborn/ natural response, Criticisms of ...
GAZA, (PIC)- The deputy director of the Gaza Power Plant, Dirar Abu Sissi, the only isolated prisoner in Israeli jails, confirmed that the prison administration has tightened its measures in isolating him since the recent aggression on Gaza.. The Israeli intelligence service Mossad had kidnapped Abu Sissi, 44, in 2011 from Ukraine where he had been applying for citizenship to enable his family to leave Gaza, as his wife is Ukrainian. He was transferred to the occupied Palestinian territories and held in solitary confinement.. The occupation authorities refused to end Abu Sissis isolation despite the fact that they agreed to end all the prisoners isolation after April strike, for fear of revealing the mysteries of his abduction process.. Abu Sissi said in a letter from his solitary confinement in Ashkelon prison that his condition is very difficult, especially after the recent aggression on Gaza.. Abu Sissi is accused of developing resistance missiles that reached during the recent aggression ...
Fear is the most common reason for aggression even to familiar people, followed by play and petting-induced aggression. Handling issues are also common. Many cats are naturally reluctant to being picked up or having their bodies touched or manipulated. If cats are not taught at a young age to accept and enjoy handling, they may scratch, hiss, or bite in this context. These forms of aggression often happen when your cat is either reached for or petted. As we gain more knowledge on aggression, it seems unlikely that feline hierarchal and social behavior rules apply between species (cat and human), which makes social or dominance aggression highly unlikely.. Read your cats body language to learn what aggression looks like.. Irritated, overstimulated: Pupils dilating, ears turning back, tail twitching or waving. In this situation, your cat may growl or put their teeth on you as a warning to stop. Intense play can quickly turn to overstimulation in some cats, resulting in biting and ...
OBJECTIVE:. The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) has been linked to the underlying biological processes related to aggressive behaviour. However, only a few studies on this subject involving young people have been published so far.. METHOD:. We aimed to investigate the effects of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) on reactive aggression and decision-time for aggressive responses in a sample of young people with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n = 20), a population at risk for aggressive behaviour. The study design was a double-blind within-subject crossover design. Aggression was assessed using a Point subtraction aggression game (PSAG) with high (HP) and low provocation (LP) trials 2.5 h after the intake of ATD and a tryptophan-balanced control condition.. RESULTS:. A chi-square comparison was used to identify the effect of ATD on increased aggression after LP. Boys were more likely to respond with an increased aggressive response after HP under ATD as represented by an increased ...
Our findings show that the traditional predictors of antisocial behavior during preadolescence, adolescence, and adulthood also predict high levels of physical aggression from 17 to 42 months of age. These results support growing evidence that chronic physical aggression during childhood, which, in some cases, becomes serious violence during adolescence and adulthood, starts with high levels of physical aggression during infancy and toddlerhood.27,29,53. Our analyses attempted to address the issue of intergenerational transmission of antisocial behavior. Results clearly show that girls high level of antisocial behavior before the end of high school tends to be followed by their childrens high levels of physical aggression in early childhood. These results confirm earlier studies that had shown that mothers criminal history was associated with their childrens criminal behavior.23,54 However, for the first time, we show that the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behavior probably ...
Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, Issue 54, 2014, The Role of Peer Pressure, Automatic Thoughts and Self-Esteem on Adolescents Aggression YaseminYAVUZER Zeynep KARATAS ** Aydın CIVILIDAG
Close description of the ecological setting, culture and dynamics of young womens fighting is illuminating, but it should not distract us from the fact that, everywhere and at every historical period, physical aggression between women is less frequent and less severe than between young men. As the dangerousness of the aggressive act increases so does the magnitude of the sex difference. Just as the sex difference is greater for aggravated than simple assault, so same-sex homicides show the greatest imbalance with 97% committed by men around the world [36]. Meta-analysis of self-report studies find effect sizes of d = 0.59 for physical aggression, d = 0.19 for verbal aggression and d = 0.05 for indirect aggression [37]. In other primate species also, aggression between males is more injurious than between females [38].. This pattern of sex differences has been explained in terms of sexual selection [37]. Daly & Wilson [18] focused on the greater variance in male reproductive success which offers ...
Introduction. Allen (2009:103) asserts that aggression is a social act and that various forms of socially acceptable aggression are reinforced on a daily basis through the media, public discourse and teaching. In line with this, Grossman (2010:309) states that society inadvertently desensitises vulnerable learners to aggression and socialises them to accept it as a means of coping with their social environment and lifes challenges. He believes that this is a cultural shift that accounts for much of the tragic learner aggression occurring in schools.. As a microcosm of society, secondary schools are not immune to the aggression portrayed by society. Marie Poggenpoel and Chris Myburgh (2008:3) of the University of Johannesburg said that such aggression in South African schools was a reflection of what was happening in society. Professor Poggenpoel made this comment following a sword attack on learners and staff at a secondary school in Krugersdorp. Various explanations were offered as to why ...
Psychiatric symptoms and aggressive communication between partners tend to coexist. However, the majority of studies on the relation between couples aggressive communication and psychiatric disorders are cross-sectional and often report on how one partners aggression may affect symptoms of psychiatric disorders in the other partner, so-called partner effects of aggression. The impact of third variables notwithstanding, prospective studies is needed to disentangle potential causes from alleged effects. Moreover, various types of conflict communication, e.g. overt aggression versus passive aggressive communication styles, may have different impact on different mental health problems. I therefore examined whether symptoms of depression, anxiety, eating disorder and personality disorders as well as symptoms of alcohol abuse affected change in the use of different conflict styles with partner in a large sample of women. Data was collected over a two-year period. The aggression types were measured ...
Abstract: An approximately representative national sample of 2,602 women and 2,105 men was surveyed regarding their frequency of inflicting and sustaining verbal and physical aggression in a heterosexual relationship. Results revealed that approximately 81% of the men inflicted, as well as received, some form of verbal aggression at least once, while the comparable figure for women was 87-88%. The percentage experiencing some form of physical aggression was lower; about 37% of the men and 35% of the women inflicted some form of physical aggression and about 39% of the men and 32% of the women sustained some physical aggression. No differences were found as a function of ethnicity, family income, and institutional characteristics. Regional differences in the use of verbal and physical aggression, and in the receipt of physical aggression, were found for men.. Courtship Violence: Incidence in a national sample of higher education student ...
Authors. Jeffrey M. Halperin, PhD and Kathleen E. McKay, PhD. Description. The prevalence of aggression among youth continues to increase at an alarming rate. With youth violence accounting for 1 in every 12 murders that occurred in the U.S. in 2002 (Snyder & Sickmund, 2006), and 33% of U.S. high school students in 2003 reporting involvement in one or more physical fights within the past year and 12.8% reporting being in a physical fight on school property (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004), the need to assess and treat aggressive behaviours has never been greater.. The CAS is an informant rating scale that is designed to evaluate setting-specific frequency and severity of aggressive acts of children and adolescents ages 5-18 years. Distinct from other more common measures that address oppositional defiant and antisocial behaviours, the CAS examines the aggressive acts of these youth.. Items describe actual acts of aggression versus a wide variety of behaviours that are ...
In recent years, researchers have begun making headway in their search for biologically based indicators of aggression.. A large body of research, including past work by Bortolato, has zeroed in on the enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) as a possible biomarker for aggression. Specifically, Bortolato and others have shown that the combination of MAO A deficiency and extreme stress or abuse at a young age can cause pathological aggression in mice and adult males.. In 2011, Bortolato and his colleagues built on these findings by developing the first animal model of this genetic-environment interaction. In particular, he developed a new transgenic line of mice with very low levels of MAO A and then subjected them to early life stress that simulated child neglect and abuse. As expected, the mice demonstrated increased aggression.. In 2012, Bortolato and his colleagues made a breakthrough discovery when they identified a critical neurological factor in aggression: a brain receptor that malfunctions in ...
If your dog shows aggression toward people or dogs only when on leash, his aggression was probably caused by frustration. Leash aggression of this type starts with a dog who is so excited when he sees another dog that he can barely contain himself. He may pull or bark. His owner may get frustrated and yell at him or give a leash correction. As time goes on, this turns to frustration and eventually exhibits itself through aggression. If your dog show aggression when he is also not on leash, this is most likely caused by fear. Your dog is afraid of whatever is causing him to react, and the leash removes his opportunity to escape rather than react. This is made worse by owners who force their dogs to greet, even though they are afraid. Owner Behavior Leash aggression is made worse by the way an owner reacts to the aggression. As the reactions get more severe, the owner naturally gets more and more nervous. This is understandable but makes the problem worse. If you tighten up on the leash, you are ...
Aggression: Clinical Features and Treatment Across the Diagnostic Spectrum addresses the role aggression plays in intermittent explosive disorder (IED), referred to as primary aggression, and in a host of other psychiatric disorders-from autism to posttraumatic stress. Aggression is a well-studied, multidimensional phenomenon that may be parsed by cognition, affect, and behavior. Occurring as primary aggression and as a symptom of other psychiatric disorders, aggression is both common and destructive-of property, relationships, and the social order. The editors were instrumental in the development of the DSM classification for IED, and the book discusses the evolution of the diagnostic criteria from the 1950s to the current DSM-5. This long-range perspective informs the volume and provides a firm foundation for the clinical content, which is case-based and accessible. Moreover, each chapter is consistent in structure, moving from phenomenology to psychobiology to clinical approach and treatment. ...
The present study revealed that 85 percent of these respondents had been harassed or intimidated, 65 percent had been threatened, and nearly 50 percent had been subjected to acts of actual physical aggression at least once during the course of their professional careers. In contrast to expectations, there was no more overall aggression in respondents forensic practice than in their nonforensic practice. The ANOVA demonstrated that the appearance of difference was because of the higher amount of time that respondents in this study engaged in forensic work. When proportion of time spent in forensic work was taken into account, there was no difference between the forensic and nonforensic settings for threats, H/I, or acts of physical aggression.. Previous surveys of the lifetime incidence of aggressive events experienced by mental health professionals have ranged from 22 to 61 percent in the category of threats9,11,22 and 14 to 55 percent in the category of physical aggression,6,7,9-11,22 placing ...
Corticosterone is a stress hormone known to modulate social aggression. The consumption of a high sucrose solution also changed the activation levels of many genes, including inflammatory genes, in brain regions associated with aggression. This study shows a clear cause and effect in animals; however, the association between aggressive behavior and sugar consumption in humans remains controversial. Studies have found associations between refined sugar intake and aggression/hyperactivity while others have not. Future clinical studies may help shed some light.. ...
This study examined the importance of early childhood friendships and their contribution to subsequent aggression. The aim was to discover whether having aggressive friends in kindergarten leads to a child showing signs of aggression 1 year later. Aggressive friends could be viewed as an environmental factor contributing to childhood aggression. However, something in an individuals genetic makeup may cause them to choose aggressive friends. This would be a case of genetic factors interacting with environmental factors. It can be difficult in such cases to determine whether it is genetic or environmental factors that are contributing to aggression. Monozygotic (MZ) twins share 100% of their genes and are usually brought up together. Thus, in an MZ twin pair, if one twin shows signs of aggressive behaviour and the other does not, aggression could not be explained by genetic factors or by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Instead, the difference must be explained by some ...
There is much public interest in the debate about the effects of violence in the media on the behaviour of young children. But why dont people focus on the potentially pro-social influence?Throughout the existence of popular media outlets, critics h...
Silva, T. L., Aran Mooney, T., Sayigh, L. S., Baird, R. W. & Tyack, P. L. 13 Apr 2017 In : Marine Mammal Science. 33, 2, p. 653-668 16 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
This chapter reviews the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on aggressive behavior. Topics discussed include NO and aggression in Down syndrome and affective disorders, interaction with serotonin, interaction with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and environmental contributions to NO-mediated aggression.
Introduction. Outline and evaluate genetic factors in aggression. The idea that genetic factors play a role in aggression has been studied by many psychologists. They have looked at twin studies to try and find evidence of a genetic basis. Twin studies provide evidence of a link by comparing the tendency of both twins in pairs of monozygotic and dizygotic twins expressing aggression. One twin study was carried out by McGue et al, by using a multi-dimensional personality questionnaire to assess levels of aggression; they were able to find correlational values of both MZ and DZ twins. The study found that genetic factors play a part in aggression. In studies such as these the twins are asked to self report or else the parents asked to fill in questionnaires, in this way there is a problem of how each individual assesses aggression. ...read more. Middle. An example of an adoption study would be that of Hutchings and Mednick who did a study of 14000 adoptions in Denmark, they found that a ...
Some studies have reported associations between COMT and MAO genotypes and aggression, though results have been inconsistent. We examined the relationship between Overt aggression scale (OAS) scores, and both MAOA and MAOB polymorphisms in a well-powered sample of 346 subjects with schizophrenia. We also examined COMT in a Stage II replication sample of 150 individuals, and combined these results with our previously reported (Stage I) findings for COMT. We found no evidence of any associations between OAS ratings and any of the polymorphisms investigated under different genetic models. There was no evidence of epistatic interaction between MAOA and COMT on OAS scores. These results fail to support the theory that functional polymorphisms within the MAOA, MAOB, or COMT genes, as determinants of catecholamine enzymatic activity, are risk factors for aggressive behavior ...
The ACTION consortium released an interactive tool showing the comorbidities of child aggression with other childhood psychopathologies. It is based on the first results of the ACTION consortium that will be published in forthcoming scientific papers, and on several studies and backgrounds of the consortiums partners.. The interactive tool can be browsed by questionnaire (ATAC - CBCL - DCB - SDQ - MSNI) or by psychopathology.. It is available in this page.. ...
Aggression is commonly reported in individuals with Huntingtons disease (HD). While correlating factors for aggression are often speculated about, features that are associated with, and contribute to, aggression in this population have not been clearly determined. This systematic review investigate …
Adjusting by individual-level confounding factors, the MSEM model showed deviant peer associations as being the greatest influence for both types of adolescent aggressive behaviour, followed by harsh discipline. By contrast, parental supervision and pro-social peers exerted a very important protective role, particularly against delinquent behaviour. Consistent with three-level Rasch model results, neighbourhood social processes did not predict adolescents aggressive behaviour. The left-hand side of the Figure shows that structural neighbourhood factors indirectly exerted their effect on aggression and delinquency by increasing the risk of poor parenting and greater deviant peer affiliation.. DISCUSSION. This paper has investigated pathways linking neighbourhood characteristics to individual-level aggression and delinquency. The significance of the indirect effects indicated that structural neighbourhood conditions were important for adolescents aggressive behaviour, given that although they ...
NEW YORK, Sunday, May 16, 2021 (WAFA) - UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was dismayed yesterday by civilian casualties in Gaza caused by Israeli airstrikes, and also deeply disturbed by Israels levelling to the ground of a tower containing international media outlets in Gaza, a spokesman said in a statement released Saturday.. Guterres spoke as Israel escalated its aggression on the Gaza Strip on Saturday dawn killing 10 members of an extended family in Shati refugee camp, and as the occupying state demolished a 13-floor Gaza building housing Qatar-based Al Jazeera Network and the Associated Press news agency.. The Secretary-General is dismayed by the increasing number of civilian casualties, including the death of ten members of the same family, including children, as a result of an Israeli airstrike last night in the al-Shati camp in Gaza, purportedly aimed at a Hamas leader, his spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, said in the statement.. Guterres was also deeply disturbed by the ...
Alcohol intoxication is implicated in approximately half of all violent crimes. Over the past several decades, numerous theories have been proposed to account for the influence of alcohol on...
There are 4 types of dog aggression. Understanding each type of aggression will help you know how to stop a dogs aggression and prevent future aggression.
As is being widely reported, not only by ourselves, but in other areas too - the numbers of cases relating to violence and aggression are rising. As a result, we saw interest levels peak in our Prevention and Management of Violence and Aggression (PMVA) courses - and now, as restrictions begin to ease in the UK, now it is more important than ever to think about revisiting some of that training.. Many organisations are already thinking about some refresher training. This isnt just our experience at Basis, but for our counterparts too. You may have heard just before Christmas, Basis joined the NFPS - a membership organisation specialising in keeping themselves and others safe, particularly in job roles where physical restraint is used.. The NFPS is an accrediting body and has considerably grown its membership - even since Basis has joined. They now have 200 agencies on board, just like Basis, that are passionate about protecting staff whilst in their roles, not just from violence and aggression ...
Leash aggression is one of the most common behaviors that pet owners like you will have an encounter with. How exactly are you supposed to solve it? This guide helps you address that question by giving you seven tips that you can implement with your pet.. Leash aggression can be defined as a specific type of behavior wherein your pet dog acts aggressive towards you, towards other people or towards other animal when he is on the leash. Pet owners like you often panic when encountering this behavior for the first time - I mean, if your dog is normally sweet and friendly, then how do you explain the fact that he turns into a snarling and growling canine terror when he meets someone else while he is on the leash?. Luckily, though, the cause of leash aggression is easily defined. Therefore, you can actually handle leash aggression quite well as long as you know what factor is causing it. Are you ready for the answer?. Frustration and pent-up anxiety can cause your dog to act aggressively when he ...
Biting and scratching during play are typical of play aggression, a behavior most commonly observed in young cats and kittens. Kittens raised with littermates learn how to bite and scratch with reduced intensity, because play that is too rough causes pain to a playmate, resulting in either retaliation or the cessation of play. Consequently, play aggression is usually seen in kittens that were not raised with littermates or playmates, are under-stimulated, or lack appropriate play outlets.. Play aggression can usually be recognized in a kittens body posture. The tail lashes back and forth, the ears flatten against the head, and the pupils (the black part of the eyes) dilate. This sort of posture usually develops from normal play and is followed by biting and scratching. Kittens that stalk moving objects, like your hands and feet, are also displaying play aggression. Play aggressive cats often stalk or hide, then jump out and attack as you pass.. Try keeping a record of when this occurs to see if ...
Previous studies have shown that children exposed prenatally to cocaine are more aggressive later on than other children (Sood et al, 2005). It is possible that a mothers cocaine use during her pregnancy is associated with her aggressive behavior toward her child later on, and that this maternal aggression in turn plays a role in later childhood aggression. This weeks STASH reviews a study that investigates the association between prenatal cocaine use and maternal aggression during the early years of a childs life and the early relationship between maternal and childhood aggression (Eiden, Schuetze, Colder & Veira, 2011). Methods Researchers...
A crisis in South African schools. Aggressive behaviour in South African schools has become an increasing concern as people of all ages, cultures, and both genders resort to aggressive behaviour in order to express their emotions and frustrations (Breet, Myburgh & Poggenpoel, 2010:511). According to a report providing an overview of school-based violence in South Africa, there are serious concerns about the high rate of violence and aggression in primary and secondary schools, and even in broader society. Violence and aggression are not limited to learners at schools but also manifest in teachers (South African Council of Educators (SACE), 2011:1).. Reports appear regularly on male teachers who resort to and display aggressive behaviour in South African schools. Some examples are: Toerien (2002) refers to an incident in which a male teacher raped a 13-year-old primary school learner. Rade-meyer (2003) describes an incident where a male teacher grabbed learners by the neck and then pushed one ...
Patient aggression and agitation on psychiatric inpatient wards poses a significant problem for both staff and patients, and impairs the therapeutic environment of the ward. Relaxation massage therapy has previously been shown to reduce the level of arousal, stress, anxiety and aggression in adolescents/young adults with various psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, conduct disorder and bulimia. This project investigates whether relaxation massage therapy is an effective intervention treatment for the management of arousal and aggression on a young adult inpatient ward.. Two treatment conditions will be assessed at different times on the ward; a) standard (control) treatment as per usual and b) relaxation massage therapy intervention treatment in addition to the standard treatment. Each treatment condition will be implemented for a six-week period. Depending on admission rate, we estimate there will be approximately 50 participants in each treatment group. The massage therapy ...
Author(s): Echevarria, David J.; Hammack, Catherine M.; Jouandot, David J.; Toms, Christina N. | Abstract: Previous research reports that acute alcohol exposure disrupts shoaling behavior in the zebrafish. The purpose of these studies is to better understand how acute alcohol exposure (0%, 0.125%, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1.0%) alters zebrafish behavior. The effects of alcohol on aggressive behaviors in humans have been widely researched. Previous research from this lab has shown a bimodal effect of alcohol on shoaling behavior in zebrafish, with 0.5% and 2.0% (v/v) disrupting shoaling while 1.0% and 1.5% showing no direct effect. Because shoaling is a social behavior and is altered during acute alcohol exposure, aggressive behavior between fish should be addressed. In this series of experiments we explored alcohols effects on aggressive behaviors. In order to address a possible role for alcohol induced aggression as it relates to shoaling we chose to examine the effects of acute alcohol exposure on zebrafish
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the interaction between brain lesion location and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) in the genesis of aggression in patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury (PTBI). METHODS: We enrolled 155 patients with PTBI and 42 controls drawn from the Vietnam Head Injury Study registry. Patients with PTBI were divided according to lesion localization (prefrontal cortex [PFC] vs non-PFC) and were genotyped for the MAO-A polymorphism linked to low and high transcriptional activity. Aggression was assessed with the aggression/agitation subscale of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-a). RESULTS: Patients with the highest levels of aggression preferentially presented lesions in PFC territories. A significant interaction between MAO-A transcriptional activity and lesion localization on aggression was revealed. In the control group, carriers of the low-activity allele demonstrated higher aggression than high-activity allele carriers. In the PFC lesion group, no significant differences
Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. Ever since the horrific incident at Columbine High School, violent video games and mass shootings have been intertwined. Now, a new study from an international team of researchers has found playing violent video games not only increases aggression but can also cause players to exhibit less self-control and more unethical behaviors.. The study researchers found these effects were strongest in teenage participants who scored high on a scale for moral disengagement - the capacity for an individual to convince themselves that ethics dont apply in a certain situation.. According to study author Brad Bushman, the results of the study show far-reaching impacts of playing violent video games.. When people play violent video games, they show less self-restraint. They eat more, they cheat more, said Bushman, a professor of psychology and communication at The Ohio State University. It isnt just about aggression, although that also increases when ...
Once again this March, the Belgrade Forum for a World of Equals, the Club of Generals and Admirals of Serbia and other independent non-party associations in Serbia pay tribute to the victims of NATO 1999 aggression on Serbia (FRY). This aggression took lives of more than thousand defenders, military and the police and their officers, and also of thousands of civilians, including 87 children. Regrettably, the final list of the civilian casualties has not been determined as yet, although the number is estimated to stand at over 3,000. About 10.000 people were wounded. However, the number of those who lost their lives after the end of the aggression due to sustained heavy injuries, or from unexploded cluster bombs, chemical poisoning that resulted from the destruction of refineries, transformer stations, chemical factories and, in particular, due to the delayed effects of the use of missiles with depleted uranium, most likely, will never be precisely determined. There is a certainty, though, of a ...
Most members of Nick Siriannis first coaching staff with the Eagles have been reported over the last few weeks and the team formally announced the entire staff on Thursday.. It includes Alex Tanney, who recently retired after nine years as a backup quarterback around the league. Tanney closed out his playing career with the Giants and hell take a short drive south to become an offensive quality control coach for the Eagles.. Offensive coordinator Shane Steichen will front a group of offensive coaches that also includes Tanney, running backs coach/assistant head coach Jemal Singleton, passing game coordinator Kevin Patullo, offensive line coach Jeff Stoutland, quarterbacks coach Brian Johnson, tight ends coach Jason Michael, wide receivers coach Aaron Moorehead, assistant offensive line coach Roy Istvan, and offensive quality control coach T.J. Paganetti.. Defensive coordinator Jonathan Gannon will be joined by defensive line coach Tracy Rocker, linebackers coach Nick Rallis, defensive backs ...
The inclusion of Aggressive behaviors (stage 2) is the key distinction between Escalated aggression from Mediated aggression, where Aggressive behaviors are seen in Escalated aggression but not Mediated aggression. In observing home-cage behavior, this is by far the most important distinction to make. Mediated aggression normally represents the vast majority of mouse agonistic interactions, and is widely misinterpreted in the literature. In contrast, Escalated aggression occurs when a subordinate responds to a threat behavior with an aggressive behavior, most typically an aggressive bite. Escalated aggression, as the name implies, escalates until one animal shows flight and submissive behavior, or, in a worst-case scenario, is killed or castrated. (Male mice attempt to castrate each other when they fight, and consequently withdraw their testicles into the body cavity during aggression). In terms of both assessing welfare, and assessing social competence (as might be desirable in an assay for ...
In an interview with Voice of Russia Radio, which we reproduce in our columns, Thierry Meyssan discusses the recent developments in the (...) [Voltaire Network]
Key Takeaway: The ceasefire in Greater Idlib remains tenuous. Recent force disposition indicates that the Syrian Regime is preparing for a renewed offensive in Southern Idlib Province should the ceasefire break down, but both the timing and likelihood of the offensives success remain uncertain and conditions dependent. A renewed regime offensive will require Russian support to sustainably seize territory from anti-Assad forces. However, Russian support will likely be contingent on a new negotiated agreement between Russia and Turkey, and the COVID-19 pandemic will likely delay such negotiations. The Syrian regime may attempt an offensive without Russian support despite the likelihood that it will be unsuccessful. Any regime offensive, whether Russian-backed or unilateral, will exacerbate the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Greater Idlib ...
Health, ...A Chilean hospitals early use of antiviral treatment in influenza pat...From May to July 2009 the number of patients visiting the emergency d...There were no deaths associated with influenza during this period and... The main implications of our study are that early antiviral treatment...,Aggressive,response,helped,Chilean,hospital,improve,H1N1,influenza,outcomes,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Adnan Abu Amer. Middle East Monitor / May 13, 2021. As the Israeli aggression on Gaza continues for the third consecutive day, there is a conviction within the ranks of the occupation army that unless it strengthens its deterrence against Hamas in this round, the movement will threaten to resume attacks each time tension arises in Jerusalem. Although the army has attacked hundreds of Hamas targets in Gaza since launching rockets on the occupation territory, Hamas never raised the white flag.. While the occupation army promised long nights of intense attacks on the Gaza Strip, the Israelis woke up to an unchanged reality on the ground, as there was an escalation in the previous rounds of fighting, after Hamas intensified its attacks and the army stepped up its responses. Judging from past experiences, this strategy will not turn over the balance of power against Hamas, but instead allows it by large to contain the flames.. Hamas realised that it had an opportunity this time to lead the situation ...
Twenty-Seven Palestinians Martyred, Tens Wounded on Eighth Day of Israeli Aggression on Gaza, Ceasefire Announced Nov 21, 2012 GAZA/CAIRO, (SANA) - 27
Displacement Aggression And Stress - posted in Biology: In humans, as well as in animals, aggression occurs more often in men. Frustration produces a readiness for aggression. When the source of the frustration cannot be challenged, the aggression gets displaced onto an innocent target with violent behaviour. Displacement behaviour is associated with reduced stress levels among men but not women. Displacement aggression also lowers the level of glucocorticoids in animals like baboons....
Some pets do not like petting as they may feel irritated by it. Other times, it could be that your cat has had enough of the petting and feels controlled when it ends. Yet still, the petting could be unpleasant due to overstimulation which can trigger aggression in a feline. It is important to observe your cats body language as it is the best way to pick up the warning signals. A cat displaying this type of aggression may twitch or flip his tail, dilate his pupils, flatten his ears or become restless. The solution to this type of aggression is to avoid uninvited petting or stop petting him. ...
Chronic antisocial behaviour in youth has been associated with cortisol, a measure of stress reactivity. However, some studies have found low cortisol levels, while others have found elevated cortisol levels. The present study compared variously defined aggressive subgroups for differences in salivary cortisol. A population-based sample of boys was followed longitudinally from childhood to adolescence. Assessments of different forms of antisocial behaviour were obtained from various informants at several points in time, and cortisol was collected at age 13. Higher cortisol levels were found in boys with conduct disorder (CD) than in boys without CD. In addition, boys with an aggressive form of CD had higher cortisol levels than boys who showed a covert form of CD. Furthermore, reactive aggression was strongly correlated with elevated cortisol. Adolescent boys with chronic reactive aggression and those who scored high on aggressive CD symptoms seem to have a more active ...
Aggression in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) may have phenomenological and neurobiological heterogeneity. In the present study, we targeted patients with TLE who showed aggression and evaluated the effects of lamotrigine on this symptom using the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BAQ) …
Territorial or protective aggression may be exhibited toward people or other animals that approach the pets property. Generally, people and other animals that are unusual, less familiar to the dog, or most unlike the members of the household are the most likely targets of territorial aggression.
According to 2-time World Poker Tour champion Jonathan Little, lots of players, especially in the small and middle stake games, take very passive lines when they should in fact be taking very aggressive lines. Because of that, Card Player has joined forces with Little to teach poker players how to increase their levels of aggression in order to maximize the profits they experience at the poker table. As part of this partnership, Little is giving Card Player readers a free video and PDF containing 24 slides packed with Little
Nationalism is widely viewed as a force for interstate violence, but does it really have an important effect on state aggression that cannot be explained by strategic concerns? I provide strong evidence that it does using regression discontinuity analysis. I take advantage of the fact that many countries experience a surge of nationalism when they go to the World Cup, and the World Cup qualification process from 1958-1998 produced a large number of countries that barely qualified or barely missed. I show that these countries are well-balanced across a wide range of factors, including past levels of aggression. However, the qualifiers experienced a significant spike in aggression during the World Cup year. I also replicate the analysis using the FIFA regional soccer championships and find similar results. In both cases, the estimated treatment effect is larger for authoritarian states than democracies, suggesting that democratic norms may help constrain nationalistic aggression. ...
Whether video games with aggressive content contribute to aggressive behaviour in youth has been a matter of contention for decades. Recent re-evaluation of experimental evidence suggests that the literature suffers from publication bias, and that experimental studies are unable to demonstrate compelling short-term effects of aggressive game content on aggression. Long-term effects may still be plausible, if less-systematic short-term effects accumulate into systematic effects over time. However, longitudinal studies vary considerably in regard to whether they indicate long-term effects or not, and few analyses have considered what methodological factors may explain this heterogeneity in outcomes. The current meta-analysis included 28 independent samples including approximately 21 000 youth. Results revealed an overall effect size for this population of studies (r = 0.059) with no evidence of publication bias. Effect sizes were smaller for longer longitudinal periods, calling into question ...
Puppy and dog play, just like all social predatory animals consists of practice predatory behavior and practice fight behavior.. More relaxed body and face postures, as well as the relative restraint during bites, mark the difference between the play and the mature forms of aggression.. Play aggression is used to teach young working dogs techniques before transferring over to more realistic training.. Play aggression can also cause a nuisance and even injury to pet owners and children if not channeled and managed properly. Nonetheless, it is handled differently and should not be confused with any of the mature forms. ...
This monograph analyzes the need for a division Information Operations (IO) Coordination Cell during offensive military actions. The integrated concept team draft of FM 100-6, Information Operations: Tactics Techniques and Procedures, includes a division Information Operations Coordination Cell. The cell is responsible for integrating the components of Information Superiority (IS) to defeat the enemys command, control, computers, communications, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) while protecting friendly C4ISR. Their focus is the Information Operations segment of IS that includes operational security (OPSEC), psychological operations (PSYOP), military deception, electronic warfare (EW), physical destruction, computer network attack (CNA), public affairs (PA), and civil affairs (CA). The monograph restricts the topic to Offensive IO, or IO that attacks the enemy commanders ability to achieve his objectives. Also, the monograph limits the type of military action to offensive. ...
This monograph analyzes the need for a division Information Operations (IO) Coordination Cell during offensive military actions. The integrated concept team draft of FM 100-6, Information Operations: Tactics Techniques and Procedures, includes a division Information Operations Coordination Cell. The cell is responsible for integrating the components of Information Superiority (IS) to defeat the enemys command, control, computers, communications, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) while protecting friendly C4ISR. Their focus is the Information Operations segment of IS that includes operational security (OPSEC), psychological operations (PSYOP), military deception, electronic warfare (EW), physical destruction, computer network attack (CNA), public affairs (PA), and civil affairs (CA). The monograph restricts the topic to Offensive IO, or IO that attacks the enemy commanders ability to achieve his objectives. Also, the monograph limits the type of military action to offensive. ...
1.0 INTRODUCTION. The nature versus nurture topic has been an unremitting debate for various aspects of human behavior including aggressive behavior. Aggressive behavior is any behavior exhibited verbally or physically with the intention to destroy property or to injure or infuriate another person. There are studies supporting the source of aggression to be innate, indicating links between behavior and biochemical activities, while other studies have considered environmental and societal factors as influences on behavior.. The founder of behaviorism John B. Watson argued that the conditioned response was viewed as the smallest unit of behavior, from which more complicated behavior could be created. Evidence supporting aggression as a learned behavior comes from studies of behavior in experimental and natural settings, social learning theory and the effect of cultural and social variables.. Biological theories propose that aggression may have a chemical, hormonal or genetic component. Scientists ...
First long-term study finds no link between violent video game play and increased levels of aggression in adults Heidelberg | New York, 14 March
The social beat paradigm involves aggressive encounters between Long-Evans (LE) (resident) and Sprague-Dawley (SD) (intruder) rats. a book object was likened between your two groupings. We observed a SKF 86002 Dihydrochloride substantial upsurge in anxiety-like behavior in Mouse monoclonal to CD54.CT12 reacts withCD54, the 90 kDa intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). CD54 is expressed at high levels on activated endothelial cells and at moderate levels on activated T lymphocytes, activated B lymphocytes and monocytes. ATL, and some solid tumor cells, also express CD54 rather strongly. CD54 is inducible on epithelial, fibroblastic and endothelial cells and is enhanced by cytokines such as TNF, IL-1 and IFN-g. CD54 acts as a receptor for Rhinovirus or RBCs infected with malarial parasite. CD11a/CD18 or CD11b/CD18 bind to CD54, resulting in an immune reaction and subsequent inflammation. aggressor rats in comparison with the nonaggressive group. Furthermore period taken to beat the intruder ...
OBJECTIVE: This article analyses changes in aggressive behaviour throughout the course of dementia. DESIGN: Prospective, 10 year, longitudinal study of aggressive behaviour in dementia, with autopsy follow-up. SETTING: Subjects with dementia, living at home with a carer, Oxfordshire, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine people with dementia (Alzheimers disease and/or vascular dementia) who were living at home with a carer. MEASURES: At 4-monthly intervals, the carers were interviewed about the subjects and the subjects were assessed cognitively. Subjects behaviour was assessed using the Present Behavioural Examination. This is an investigator-based, semi-structured interview consisting of eight main sections monitoring behavioural and psychological change. Eight different aspects of aggressive behaviour were assessed in detail and comparison made with other relevant factors. RESULTS: Verbal aggression is the most common and longest lasting form of aggressive behaviour. Aggressive resistance and physical
This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of molindone [SPN-810] in the treatment of aggression in patients with attention
The challenge hypothesis outlines the dynamic relationship between testosterone and aggression in mating contexts. It proposes that testosterone promotes aggression when it would be beneficial for reproduction, such as mate guarding, or strategies designed to prevent the encroachment of intrasexual rivals. The challenge hypothesis predicts that seasonal patterns in testosterone levels are a function of mating system (monogamy versus polygyny), paternal care, and male-male aggression in seasonal breeders. The pattern between testosterone and aggression was first observed in seasonally breeding birds, where testosterone levels rise modestly with the onset of the breeding season to support basic reproductive functions. However, during periods of heightened male aggression, testosterone levels increase further to a maximum physiological level. This additional boost in testosterone appears to facilitate male-male aggression, particularly during territory formation and mate guarding, and is also ...
One of the most important things to know about hummingbird fighting & aggression is that these characteristics are most likely to rear their heads in feeding areas and during breeding season. Anytime a bird feels as though its feeding area is being encroached upon, it will lash out with posturing, special flight maneuvers, and daring chases. This is something that youre most likely to see among male birds around feeding areas.. Females tend to be most aggressive around their nests and during breeding season. Youll find that aggression is generally at its highest during late spring and the earliest weeks of summer. This is the time when hummingbirds are busy claiming territory, seeking mates, creating nests, and defending nesting areas. Another very important thing to note is that although all hummingbirds are prone to showing some manner of aggression when defending perceived territory, there are certain species of hummingbirds that are notably more aggressive than others. The absolute worst ...
Monoamines, including dopamine (DA), have been linked to aggression in various species. However, the precise role or roles served by the amine in aggression have been difficult to define because dopaminergic systems influence many behaviors, and all can be altered by changing the function of dopaminergic neurons. In the fruit fly, with the powerful genetic tools available, small subsets of brain cells can be reliably manipulated, offering enormous advantages for exploration of how and where amine neurons fit into the circuits involved with aggression. By combining the GAL4/upstream activating sequence (UAS) binary system with the Flippase (FLP) recombination technique, we were able to restrict the numbers of targeted DA neurons down to a single-cell level. To explore the function of these individual dopaminergic neurons, we inactivated them with the tetanus toxin light chain, a genetically encoded inhibitor of neurotransmitter release, or activated them with dTrpA1, a temperature-sensitive ...
Some critics on the left enjoy faulting libertarians for believing that property is a bulwark against aggression. To the libertarian argument that violations of property -- including trespasses on land -- constitute aggression, these critics respond that property ownership itself is aggression because it limits the freedom of others. Of…
The present study shows that mildly increased Mecp2/MECP2 expression leads to alterations in male social aggression. Using C57BL/6N versus FVB/N mice (with their known inherent strain differences in aggressive behavior) (Mineur & Crusio, 2002; Pugh et al, 2004) as models, we demonstrate that the direction of change upon mild Mecp2 overexpression in this behavioral target domain is subject to modification by the genetic background. In other words, the resulting lower or higher social aggression depends on the basic genetic make‐up of a particular subject. Hints of MECP2 influencing aggressive behavior could also be shown in two independent cohorts of schizophrenic men, with a polymorphism in the 3′UTR of the gene co‐determining both the level of MECP2 expression as well as of aggression. The genotype‐dependent expression difference in men found in PBMC (around 50%) is in the range of the transgenic overexpression in both mouse strains, emphasizing the physiological significance of these ...
It is reasonable for a rare and may be seen abilify high feeling as drugs of abuse or substitu- tion of distilled liquor became prevalent in younger adults to children are often extremely painful, healing with scars. Suicide note, or begun putting their affairs in order. Rmi score and stage of labour : With a practice nurse if any of the lips, hands, and feet are presenting. With long-term use, both nova t style but on a later date. Gonadal steroid hormones. This regime allows very lit- tle exibility in patient population with autism have mild premenstrual syndrome pms or premenstrual dysphoric disorder pmdd pmdd is a more unbiased account of their training and development of schizophrenia. Intermale aggression, territorial aggression, and maternal disease might only require re-dressing every few hours. This isoenzyme can be required to confer protection against all types and their treatment systemic features and lined by a fast- ing glucose:Insulin ratio of. Early correction of electrolyte ...
For Indias langur monkeys, infanticide works In his classic work On Aggression, Nobel Laureate Konrad Lorenz argued that man is the only species that regularly kills its own kind. This concept,...
Spain. SUMMARY. Impulsivity is a trend that can be found in the expression of different behaviors. In human medicine, impulsivity is commonly linked to disorders such as impulsive aggression, pyromania, pathological gambling, and sexual impulsions (Hollander, 2000). In veterinary medicine, impulsivity is commonly referred to aggressive behavior and can be defined as a reduction or a complete lack of warning signals previous to attack. The impulsive dog typically bites without the normal signs of aggression such as growls or bared teeth.. Impulsivity is more a sign than a diagnosis itself. In fact, impulsivity can be found as a component of the aggressive sequence of common canine aggression problems. From a clinical point of view, the manifestation of impulsivity can be very challenging to the clinician for three different reasons: first, it makes diagnosis more difficult; second, it is an element of bad prognosis; and third, it complicates treatment. DIAGNOSIS. Aggression in dogs can be related ...
One of the first large prospective studies (1997, n = 807) controlled for initial levels of child antisocial behaviour and sex, family socioeconomic status and levels of emotional support and cognitive stimulation in the home.11 Even with these controls, physical punishment between the ages of six and nine years predicted higher levels of antisocial behaviour two years later. Subsequent prospective studies yielded similar results, whether they controlled for parental age, child age, race and family structure;12 poverty, child age, emotional support, cognitive stimulation, sex, race and the interactions among these variables;13 or other factors.14-17 These studies provide the strongest evidence available that physical punishment is a risk factor for child aggression and antisocial behaviour.. A landmark meta-analysis published in 200218 showed that of 27 studies on physical punishment and child aggression conducted up to that time (that met the criteria of the meta-analysis), all found a ...
MANKATO, Minn. - The Minnesota Vikings are waving a help-wanted banner over their depleted offensive line.. Offensive lineman Geoff Schwartz has a sports hernia, according to a person with direct knowledge of the situation. If the injury requires surgery, Schwartz might need 4-6 weeks to recover. Saints defensive back Jabari Greer reportedly will miss the entire preseason while undergoing a sports hernia procedure. Schwartz returned to the Twin Cities on Friday, Aug. 3 to have an abdominal strain examined to determine whether it is related to hip surgery that sidelined him for the 2011 season. Coach Leslie Frazier said general manager Rick Spielman would troll the waiver wire for linemen to supplement a unit that is down to 12 healthy players. Tackles Pat Brown (sprained knee) and DeMarcus Love (shoulder) also are sidelined. Were going to bring in some guys to work out and take a look, because you dont want to get down to 11 or 10, Frazier said Friday, Aug. 3. Schwartz, whom the Vikings ...
The races that have discounted offensive troops find it hard to get to an offensive state. And by the time they do, they find their potential prey to have accelerated into a defensive (and cheep) mode ...
Mindfulness is Associated with Lower Aggression by Lowering Rumination. By John M. de Castro, Ph.D.. Mindfulness may restore the emotional resources needed to maintain self-control, and thus may have an important role to play in anger management by helping people to mindfully respond to provocation rather than react with anger.- AMRA. The human tendency to lash out with aggression when threatened was adaptive for the evolution of the species. It helped promote the survival of the individual, the family, and the tribe. In the modern world, however, this trait has become more of a problem than an asset. It results in individual violence and aggression such as physical abuse, fights, road rage, and even murders, and in societal violence such as warfare. It may even be the basis for the horrors of terrorism and mass murder. Obviously, there is a need in modern society to control these violent and aggressive urges.. Aggression may, at least in part, be amplified by anger rumination; an ...
A lifestyle intervention among elderly men on active surveillance for non-aggressive prostate cancer: a randomised feasibility study with whole-grain rye and exercise ...
05/07/2003 - Aggressive vs non-aggressive removal of asbestos-containing flooring material; negative exposure assessment methods for direct and indirect employee exposures.
While its easy to assume that all cases of food aggression are a show of dominance, this isnt necessarily the case. In a dog pack, the alpha dogs always eat first after a successful hunt, and then the other dogs get whats left according to their pack position.. For an alpha dog, showing food aggression is a form of dominance, but for dogs with a lower pack position, it can be a sign of anxiety or fearfulness. Remember, in the wild, dogs never know where or when their next meal will be, so its very instinctual for them to gobble up whatever food there is whenever they have it - and to protect it from anything that approaches.. How to recognize food aggression. When a dog is eating, his body will stiffen and he may keep his head down. He is using his body language to hover over the meal and protect it.. Other signs are that the whites of your dogs eyes may be visible, their ears are held back, their tail is lowered, or their hackles may rise. A dog may show any or all of these signs. ...
Aggression is the most serious and dangerous behavior problem that dog owners may need to face. Since there are many different types of aggression, making a diagnosis, determining the prognosis (the chances of safe and effective correction) and developing an appropriate treatment plan are usually best handled with the help of a veterinary or applied animal behaviorist.
VetVine is an accredited Continuing Education provider for veterinary professionals and resource of expert-driven pet health information for pet owners. This is the forum topic view page. The vomeronasal organ is a sensory organ present in many species that contacts the nasal and oral cavities. It is responsible for receiving chemical signals from other cats in the form of pheromones. Many studies in several species have demonstrated that removal or obstruction of the vomeronasal organ causes a decrease in social and reproductive behaviour. To date, no studies in cats have reported spontaneously occurring vomeronasal disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if naturally occurring inflammatory changes to the vomeronasal organ correlate with increased aggression in cats. Study subjects included 20 cats (10 male and 10 female) from multi-cat households presenting for post mortem examination. 6 animals had been euthanized due to severe aggression, while 14 died of other organic causes.
but we structured this deal so that if the government didnt agree, we could walk away, the statement reads.. Had the deal gone through, the combined company would have controlled 30 percent of market for pay TV and more than 50 percent of the broadband internet market.. The decision represents an abrupt about-face for Comcast, which posted an aggressive response to critics of the proposed merger earlier this week. But the deal may have already been all-but-dead on Wednesday when Federal Communications Commission staff reportedly recommended that the merger be subjected to a hearing with an administrative law judge.. Such a hearing would almost certainly have resulted in the merger being axed. AT&T backed out of plans to acquire T-Mobile in 2011 after a similar FCC recommendation.. Meetings between the two companies and the Department of Justice reportedly went poorly. And the bad news kept piling up. Six U.S. senators published an open letter opposing the deal earlier this week.. Comcast and ...
EnviroNews California) - Los Angeles - There have been few instances in the history of the industrial revolution where anyone has actually gone to jail for atrocities committed against the environment. It seems at least pertinent to ask: Why hasnt anyone been put in handcuffs yet for the BP spill for example, or for the Fukushima full-blown triple melt-through that continues to spew cesium, plutonium, and other deadly isotopes into the environment as we speak?. In the case of Fukushima and the Japanese Yakuza-run TEPCO (Tokyo Electric Power Company), they have blatantly lied their little red wagons off at nearly every juncture since the catastrophe in an effort to cover up the severity of the crisis, all the while exposing even more people to deadly poisons, delaying a heightened, aggressive response in Japan and at the international level.. In fact, it took TEPCO nine months to even openly admit that there had been a nuclear meltdown when they knew this from day two or three after the ...
Ever wonder why some women seem to be more ill-tempered than others? U...Previous studies have associated the hormone serotonin with anger and ...Completed at the University of Pittsburghs Behavioral Physiology Labo...These findings may aid in establishing a potential marker for certain ... Aggression and hostility are predictors of hypertension glucose meta...,Gene,variations,contribute,to,aggression,and,anger,in,women,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Show me your war face! [recruits yell] You need some fucking more aggression, show me your war face."[18] ... Instructors may deprive recruits of sleep, food, or shelter; shout personal insults; use physical aggression; or give orders ... Evidence from Australia, the UK and the US shows that recruit training systematically stimulates aggression, particularly in ... Rather than "breaking" the personality of new recruits through intimidation and aggression, German basic training generally ...
Spite and aggression[edit]. Despite an expansive array of altruistic behaviors, cotton-top tamarins engage in great bouts of ... Though aggression can occur within groups, the response towards intruders of another species is much more drastic and can ... physical aggression, and piloerection.[36] Scent-marking in cotton-top tamarins is done in two ways: either using anogenital ... These intrasexual displays of aggression are more frequent in females, and are vital when a breeding female is forcing both ...
Aggression[edit]. There is also research being conducted on how an individual's genes can cause varying levels of aggression ... Throughout the animal kingdom, varying styles, types and levels of aggression can be observed leading scientists to believe ... Such traits include mating, aggression, foraging, social behavior and sleep patterns. This conservation of behavior across ... For some species varying levels of aggression have indeed exhibited direct correlation to a higher level of Darwinian fitness.[ ...
Aggression[edit]. As with most insects, aggressive behaviors between male flies commonly occur in the presence of courting a ... In order for aggression to occur, male flies produce sounds to communicate their intent. A 2017 study found that songs ... Specifically, when competing for food, aggression occurs based on amount of food available and is independent of any social ... However, like most behaviors requiring arousal and wakefulness, aggression was found to be impaired via sleep deprivation. ...
In a study published in 2008, aggression was divided into four categories: aggression directed at strangers, owner, strange ... but extremely low on owner-directed aggression. The Doberman Pinscher ranked as average on dog-directed aggression and dog ... This study concluded that aggression has a genetic basis, that the Dobermann shows a distinctive pattern of aggression ... Aggression[edit]. Although they are considered to be working dogs, Dobermanns are often stereotyped as being ferocious and ...
Dutch aggression[edit]. While Clive was preoccupied with fighting the French, the Dutch directors of the outpost at Chinsurah, ...
Aggression and biting[edit]. Further information: Dog bite prevention. While an Australian report from 1999 provides statistics ... while the German Shepherds were superior in aggression and defensive behavior. These results suggested that Labrador Retrievers ...
On May 30, police aggression was reported, including pepper spraying, tear gas, and shoving people to the ground.[30] On May 31 ... Mayor Ginther also created an independent review system for police aggression that has taken place during the protests. On June ... Protesters were estimated at 2,000 people, more than previous days.[25] Police aggression was reported, including pepper ...
Ritualised aggression can sometimes include actual fights. The creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) engages in ritualized ... Ritualised aggression often ends by one of the animals fleeing (generally the intruder). If this does not happen, the territory ... Ross, M.R. (1977). "Aggression as a social mechanism in the creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus)". Copeia. 1977 (2): 393-397. ... Reduced aggression consistent with the dear enemy effect occurs between conspecific neighbours in the absence of females, but ...
Reduction in aggression[edit]. Another theory that tries to explain the growth of human intelligence is the reduced aggression ... It is hypothesized that these abilities derive from a selection against aggression.[33][37][38][39] ... evolution of bonobo psychology is due to selection against aggression". Animal Behaviour. 83 (3): 573-585. doi:10.1016/j. ... physiology and neurochemistry between rats selected for tameness and for defensive aggression towards humans". Hormones and ...
War of Northern/Yankee Aggression[edit]. The name "War of Northern Aggression" has been used to indicate the Union side as the ... "War of Yankee Aggression"[28] or "Great War of Yankee Aggression"[29] to indicate the Civil War as a Yankee war, not a Northern ... Northerners say Civil War, but many Southerners say War Between the States or a tongue-in-cheek War of Northern Aggression.. ... Hall, Andy (June 27, 2011). ""War of Northern Aggression", Cont". Dead Confederates: A Civil War Blog. WordPress. Retrieved ...
Preparation of aggression against Czechoslovakia[edit]. The United Hungarian Party (EMP) led by János Esterházy and Andor ... This aggression combined with violent incidents in the annexed territory caused large anti-Hungarian social mobilization and ... The EMP and Hungarian government had no interest in direct Nazi aggression without participation of Hungary, because it could ... preserved conspiratorial contacts with the Hungarian government and were informed about the preparation of Nazi aggression ...
For both rabbit sexes, spaying or neutering reduces aggression toward other rabbits, as well as territorial marking (especially ... Davis, Susan (2 April 2013). "Aggression". House Rabbit Society. Retrieved 21 March 2018. "Health Concerns". Rabbit.org. House ... the owner of a pet rabbit can use various behavioral approaches to gain the animal's trust and reduce aggression, though this ...
Aggression. Technique."). She currently co-hosts most of the UFC Pre and Post shows on ESPN. Awake on the Wild Side - MTV ...
Rank, B. (1949). "Aggression". Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. 3: 43-48. doi:10.1080/00797308.1947.11823078. Ainsworth, Mary ... Researchers have for years studied depression, alcoholism, aggression, maternal-infant bonding and other conditions and ...
Common signs and symptoms include, but are not limited to, social withdrawal; mood swings; aggression; greater sensitivity to ...
PMID 15430511 Karpman B (1950). Aggression. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1950 Oct;20(4):694-718. PMID 14789960 Karpman B (1951). ...
As they get older, the squeak develops into a "squawk" produced both when in distress and to show aggression. When another ... Smith, M. (1980). "Behaviour of the Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus (Goldfuss), in captivity VI*. Aggression". Australian ...
... aggression." On previous Deftones records, Moreno wrote some of the guitar parts with Stephen Carpenter, but Moreno stepped ...
... aggression. Tangney notes the link of shame and anger. "In day-to-day life, when people are shamed and angry they tend to be ...
Aggression[redigér , redigér wikikode]. Dyreforsøg har vist, at stimulering af amygdala synes at øge både seksuel og aggressiv ... Det fremgår således, at denne del af hjernen kan spille en rolle i udstråling og modulering af aggression.[5] ...
Link to aggression and depression in people living with Alzheimer's disease[edit]. A recent study looked for correlation ... It was found that only an increase in neurofibrillary tangle load was associated with severity of aggression and chronic ... 3.5 Link to aggression and depression in people living with Alzheimer's disease ... While this study does indicate a correlation between NFT load and severity of aggression, it does not provide a causative ...
Aggression 12. Social Spacing, Including Territory 13. Dominance Systems 14. Roles and Castes 15. Sex and Society 16. Parental ... aggression, and the nurturing of the young. It formed a position within the long-running nature versus nurture debate. The ... aggression, dominance systems, and insect castes. 6. Group Size, Reproduction, and Time-Energy Budgets 7. The Development and ...
Cross, C. P., & Campbell, A. (2011). "Women's aggression". Aggression and Violent Behavior. 16 (5): 390-398. doi:10.1016/j.avb. ... On the other hand, it has been suggested that because it is the woman that ultimately chooses the mate, aggression caused by ... Women have been found to report that their hypothetical sexual jealousy would manifest itself as anger and physical aggression ... It has been suggested that this is because women are more empathetic towards the "victim", triggering strong aggression towards ...
Lorenz, K. (1966). On Aggression. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Worl. Hausfater, G.; S.B. Hrdy (1984). Infanticide: Comparative ... was found to inhibit male-to-infant aggression and infanticide eight times less towards infants of females with which they had ...
His first book, Creative Aggression, co-authored with Dr. George R. Bach, became a national best-seller and sold over one ... On September 20, 1981, the Los Angeles Times Book Review selected Creative Aggression for its list of "100 Books for the Modern ... Goldberg, Herb; Bach, George (1974). Creative aggression. Doubleday. Goldberg, Herb (1976). The hazards of being male: ...
This therapy again is individualized geared to improve emotional and social development; reduce aggression; improve cooperation ...
Excessive aggression; aggressive acts that are more frequent or of greater intensity than expected. Excessive/submissive ... Savaging; overt aggression directed to newborn offspring by a mother animal, often including cannibalistic infanticide. Self- ...
"Controversial film dropped from Kolkata fest". Christian Aggression. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2021. "The Sunday ...
"US Supreme Court Nominee Supports Conversion of Hindus in India". Christian Aggression. 29 October 2005. Archived from the ...
The non-aggression principle (or NAP; also called the non-aggression axiom, the anti-coercion, zero aggression principle or non ... "Principle of Non-Aggression". Retrieved 2016-01-15.. *^ John Stuart Mill. "Principle of Non-Aggression". Retrieved 2016-01-15. ... "Principle of Non-Aggression". The Mises Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-15.. *^ Thomas Jefferson. "Principle of Non-Aggression". ... Zero Aggression Project A website devoted to teaching the concepts of the Zero Aggression Principle with easy to use Heuristics ...
... - Teaser Trailer. Take your first look at the real time strategy game Act of Aggression. ... Act of Aggression - Super Weapons Trailer. Check out the super weapons trailer for Act of Aggression. ... Act of Aggression: Pre-Order Trailer. Check out the pre-order trailer for Act of Aggression. ... Quick Look: Act of Aggression. Watch extended gameplay footage from Act of Aggression featuring the Giant Bomb crew. ...
Aggression is the most common and most serious behavior problem in dogs. Its also the number-one reason why pet parents seek ... Redirected Aggression. Redirected aggression occurs when a dog is aroused by or displays aggression toward a person or animal, ... Aggression toward people, aggression toward dogs and aggression toward other animals are relatively independent patterns of ... What Is Aggression?. The term "aggression" refers to a wide variety of behaviors that occur for a multitude of reasons in ...
... inter-male aggression, resident-intruder aggression, maternal aggression, species-specific aggression, sex-related aggression, ... including anti-predator aggression, defensive aggression (fear-induced), predatory aggression, dominance aggression, ... territorial aggression, isolation-induced aggression, irritable aggression, and brain-stimulation-induced aggression ( ... Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis Genetics of aggression Hero syndrome Homo homini lupus Non-aggression pact Non-aggression ...
2018 Time Out America LLC and affiliated companies owned by Time Out Group Plc. All rights reserved. Time Out is a registered trademark of Time Out America LLC.. ...
Engaging your cat in interactive play is crucial for fulfilling his hunting instincts. Failing to do so can result in aggressive predatory play. Learn how to channel predatory play aggression here.. ...
... c. 2005 by Mary Sparrowdancer. By Mary Sparrowdancer. 4-3-5. The United States is in the wake of yet ...
... is designed to guide the learner through a step-by-step process in ... prevention, cyber bullying, Social Aggression, Bullying, intervention Disciplines:. * Education / Digital Citizenship / ... social aggression along with tips for the prevention and intervention of bullying & social aggression. ... Bullying & Social Aggression is designed to guide the learner through a step-by-step process in the detection and prevention of ...
The types of aggression include dominance aggression, defensive aggression, predatory aggression and maternal aggression. ... Defensive aggression, also known as fear aggression or avoidance-motivated aggression, occurs when an individual approaches and ... Canine aggression may be influenced by a dogs age, sex, health and reproductive status. Canine aggression is one of the most ... Dog aggression expressed by dogs is considered to be normal behaviour and various types of aggression are influenced by a dogs ...
Example: You are having dinner with your father in the residents dining room. You watch your father struggle to cut his meat and get the food to his mouth. You offer to help and begin to cut his food. He lets you for a minute, but then grabs your wrist and threatens to "smack you if you try that again!" Your father has never laid a hand on you and you are horrified that this just happened.. Dont: ...
Molecular basis of aggression.. Nelson RJ1, Chiavegatto S.. Author information. 1. Dept of Psychology, The Ohio State ... In spite of this expansion, serotonin (5-HT) remains the primary molecular determinant of inter-male aggression, whereas other ... and binding affinity affect aggression. Activation of specific 5-HT receptors evokes distinct, but highly interacting, second ... the interactions between 5-HT receptor subtypes should lead to novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of aggression. ...
Explore types of cat-to-human aggression and learn how to handle it. ... Feline aggression is the second most common feline misbehavior seen by behavior consultants, right behind house-soiling cases. ... pain aggression and over-stimulation. Part two covered fear/defensive aggression and redirected aggression. In this, the final ... Resolving Feline Aggression Learn about cat aggression ... what causes it and how to handle it. ...
More proof of Japans aggression discovered. (China Daily). Updated: 2005-04-18 05:47 ... Japans past history of aggression, stirred fury across China last week. The Chinese Government expressed strong indignation at ...
... Theory and research- Current Problems. Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka. We live in a ... The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their ... world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence ...
An innovative study of aggression includes a sampling of DNA as well as traditional questionnaire results. University of ... Genetic Influence for Aggression?. By Rick Nauert PhD. ~ 1 min read An innovative study of aggression includes a sampling of ... In fact, Hurd sais the elevated aggression within this sample of students includes displays of aggression by one person against ... Hurd said there seems to be a link between fetal testosterone and social behaviour, like aggression, in adults, and that the ...
Architecture Of Aggression consists of a two man demolition team and is respected/reviled throughout the S.A meta #progressive ... Architecture Of Aggression consists of a two man demolition team and is respected/reviled throughout the S.A meta #progressive ... Lauded as S.As heaviest and most brutal band, Architecture Of Aggression consists of a two man demolition team and is ...
Aggression and Coping with Stress. Which Aspects of Aggression Appear Due to Coping with Stress? ... Aggression and Coping with Stress. Which Aspects of Aggression Appear Due to Coping with Stress? ... Aggression as a Challenge Theory and research- Current Problems. Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka. We live in a ... The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their ...
Brain needs serotonin to restrain aggression. Life 21 September 2011 Voice of reason needs serotonin. (Image: Anthony Marsland/ ...
Mounting Athenian aggression: Athenss capture of Eion on the Strymon, also in 476, was perfectly in keeping with the ... Mounting Athenian aggression. Cimons actions. Athenss capture of Eion on the Strymon, also in 476, was perfectly in keeping ... The word quarrel is obviously a euphemism for a piece of naked economic aggression by Athens; all ancient states wished to get ... More Athenian aggression followed, unequivocally directed against other Greeks: Carystus, at the southeastern end of Euboea, ...
Russian aggression is a challenge to the international community, and every minute is critical for the lives of innocent ... Thats why the Georgian army went into the conflict zone, in order to stop the aggression and re-establish constitutional order ...
He is attempting to radicalise other men (and women) into perpetrating aggression against migrants, people of colour, women and ...
Das Verhaltenstherapeutische Intensivtraining zur Reduktion von Aggression (VIA) ist ein in zwei unabhängigen Studien ... Verhaltenstherapeutisches Intensivtraining zur Reduktion von Aggression. Multimodales Programm für Kinder, Jugendliche und ...
Relational aggression effects the normal functioning of a person. Relational Aggression Aggression can be defined as an act ... Relational aggression Essays. *. Relational Aggression Research. 424 Words , 2 Pages. they can be very intimidating students ... Essay On Relational Aggression. 1275 Words , 6 Pages. study will examine the effect of relational aggression on anxiety and ... Both forms of aggression seem to be associated with perceived popularity. Relational aggression seems to have a longer effect ...
... can create a mindset of aggression. The finding that watching ... Viewing Meanness Can Increase Aggression. By Rick Nauert PhD ... Its actually relational aggression and it does all the things that relational aggression does," Gentile said. ... "What this study shows is that relational aggression actually can cause a change in the way you think," said Gentile. "And that ... One clip depicted physical aggression, including a gun and knife fight that ended in murder. A second clip portrayed relational ...
Lyrics to Censored Truth by Naked Aggression: I told the truth today and they put me away / I forgot they censor everything we ...
... This result, which everybody desires, would be achieved if either one of two things ... Under such a system, it is argued, the special danger of future aggression by Germany would disappear, and the bad effects of ... and will realize that militarism and aggression are the road to disaster. ... number of Germans so that no future ruler or government will be able to lead the country into another war of aggression. It is ...
Azerbaijani Aggression Shouldnt Be Rewarded With U.S. Aid. Capital FlowsContributor. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors ... The text of the waiver does not mention that aggression cannot be directed against NKR, a crucial point of the original text ...
Causes of Leash Aggression. If your dog shows aggression toward people or dogs only when on leash, his aggression was probably ... Leash aggression is made worse by the way an owner reacts to the aggression. As the reactions get more severe, the owner ... Leash aggression of this type starts with a dog who is so excited when he sees another dog that he can barely contain himself. ... Dog leash aggression is usually caused by frustration and often made worse by owner anxiety. Wearing a leash doesnt come ...
Dealing with dog who exhibits leash aggression. Leash reactivity can be a fear-based reaction to perceived threats to keep ... While it looks like aggression, and sometimes it is, it can also be a fear-based reaction to perceived threats to keep other ...
Recent findings shed light on the brain deficits that underlie aggression and could aid in the development of preventative ... The Neurological Roots of Aggression. Recent findings shed light on the brain deficits that underlie aggression and could aid ... "As we start to understand the neurobiology of violence and aggression, we have to understand that none of these factors are ... The findings build on both previous and new research implicating the prefrontal cortex in aggression and violence. In small ...
  • Aggression is the most common and most serious behavior problem in dogs. (aspca.org)
  • If you think of aggression this way, you can determine what motivates your dog to behave aggressively and identify what she hopes to gain from her behavior. (aspca.org)
  • The finding that watching mean behavior may activate the neural networks that guide behavior is a similar outcome to an earlier discovery that viewing physical violence in the media can increase aggression in adults and children. (psychcentral.com)
  • Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species may not be considered aggression in the same sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dog behavior is unpredictable, and when it comes to dog aggression, there are so many factors at play, that even saying "maybe," and raising a bit of hope, is not a good approach. (hubpages.com)
  • A dog behavior professional making claims such as "your dog's aggression will be fixed, guaranteed" therefore, should raise a big red flag. (hubpages.com)
  • While it's true that some professionals will not dig much deep into the issue because they believe that the underlying cause of aggression is not relevant since the "treatment" protocol remains the same, many professionals feel that a deep assessment reveals many crucial elements that are detrimental on the behavior modification outcome. (hubpages.com)
  • If a dog behavior professional tells you that there is no cure for aggression, you must accept that and stop dreaming of Cujo morphing into Good Dog Charles. (hubpages.com)
  • Even before starting behavior modification, a reputable dog behavior specialist will ask you to have your dog see a vet to rule out medical causes for dog aggression . (hubpages.com)
  • The more a dog engages in aggressive behavior, the more he'll revert to that aggression. (hubpages.com)
  • The findings suggest that a history of frequent, aggressive behavior is a risk factor for later substance abuse, and effective treatment of aggression could delay or even prevent substance abuse in young people. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Canine aggression is one of the most serious behavior problems in animal behavioral medical science. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aggressive behavior in scared dogs is typically not true aggression but rather ritualized behavior intended to avoid physical altercation by way of faking aggression rather than actual aggression, anxiety disorder, diet, gut microbiome or genetic background. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aggression is an innate behavior that is important for animal survival and evolution. (nature.com)
  • In this section we will discuss a negative side of human behavior-aggression. (oercommons.org)
  • When the cat is introduced to your other pets, the most typical behavior is active aggression -- the resident cat goes after the intruder, biting, hissing, and scratching. (petmd.com)
  • Overt aggression is any hostile behavior that is obvious. (petmd.com)
  • Aggression is any behavior that hurts other people. (cigna.com)
  • While some consider aggression to be normal behavior in dogs, it can be impulsive, unpredictable, and even dangerous. (petmd.com)
  • Bashed Skull Is Earliest Evidence of Human Aggression? (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Human aggression and its relation to cerebrospinal fluid, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid, 3-meth-oxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol and homovanillic acid. (springer.com)
  • This is similar to the idea that human aggression has historically had instrumental purposes for survival - protecting territory, defending against predators, securing the best mate, obtaining scarce resources, and so on," says Dr Wong, explaining that it's all about adaptive behaviour, as bullying provides these individuals with higher social status, meaning that they gain specific benefits from their aggression. (news.com.au)
  • Archer J (2006) Testosterone and human aggression: an evaluation of the challenge hypothesis. (els.net)
  • Miles DR and Carey G (1997) Genetic and environmental architecture of human aggression. (els.net)
  • Part two covered fear/defensive aggression and redirected aggression. (petfinder.com)
  • The types of aggression include dominance aggression, defensive aggression, predatory aggression and maternal aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defensive aggression, also known as fear aggression or avoidance-motivated aggression, occurs when an individual approaches and interacts with a human-avoidant dog. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signals are generally different for self-defensive dogs versus those who are truly aggressive, as in competitive aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the cat, two distinct neural circuits involving the hypothalamus and PAG subserve two different kinds of aggression: defensive rage and predatory (quiet-biting) attack. (nih.gov)
  • Territorial aggression can occur along the boundary regularly patrolled by a dog or at the boundaries of her pet parents' property. (aspca.org)
  • Other dogs show territorial aggression only toward people or other animals coming into the home. (aspca.org)
  • Male and female dogs are equally prone to territorial aggression. (aspca.org)
  • Most cases of territorial aggression are between cats. (petfinder.com)
  • and territorial aggression, where the cat has decided that it is going to settle a piece of turf as its own and will defend it. (petmd.com)
  • Molecular basis of aggression. (nih.gov)
  • It is concluded that significant progress has been made concerning our knowledge of the circuitry underlying the neural basis of aggression. (nih.gov)
  • Nelson RJ and Chiavegatto S (2001) Molecular basis of aggression. (els.net)
  • Virtually without exception, these studies found that physical punishment was associated with higher levels of aggression against parents, siblings, peers and spouses," according to the report. (deseretnews.com)
  • The researchers measured the people's levels of aggression at the beginning and the end of the study by asking whether they had engaged in any aggressive acts against others, themselves or other objects in the prior week. (livescience.com)
  • But sleep and testosterone levels are not the only factors that may explain exactly why statins appear to affect people's levels of aggression. (livescience.com)
  • The evidence from laboratory experiments, field experiments, correlational studies, and archival studies of violent crimes indicates that hotter temperatures are associated with higher levels of aggression and violence. (psychologytoday.com)
  • I show that these countries are well-balanced across a wide range of factors, including past levels of aggression. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • Browse 10,177 aggression stock illustrations and vector graphics available royalty-free, or search for micro aggression or workplace aggression to find more great stock images and vector art. (gettyimages.com)
  • Turkey's "unjustified military aggression against Syrian sovereignty in the Kasab border region over the past two days proves its implication in the events in Syria", it said in a statement. (ndtv.com)
  • However, I did not expect it to take place in Ireland, where the Government has unambiguously condemned Russia's aggression and supported Ukraine's sovereignty, independence and inviolability of its borders. (irishexaminer.com)
  • The State Department also pointed to Russia's 'ongoing aggression' in eastern Ukraine, where fighting between Ukrainian government forces and Moscow-backed separatists has left more than 10,300 dead since April 2014. (rferl.org)
  • Today Ukrainians are once again dying as a result of Russia's attempts to destroy the identity and Western aspirations of the people of Ukraine,' the statement added, citing Moscow's 'ongoing aggression in eastern Ukraine. (rferl.org)
  • Dominance aggression is the most common type of aggression in dogs and approximately 60% of aggressive dogs exhibit dominance aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dominance aggression occurs when a dog battles familiar people or other dogs for higher hierarchical position. (wikipedia.org)
  • An owner plays a significant role in dominance aggression because 40% of dominance aggression circumstances are related to dog owners who spoil their dogs and provide poor levels of obedience training. (wikipedia.org)
  • The actions of an owner and the relationship between a dog and its owner influence dominance aggression in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, neutering male dogs is not always sufficient, but it does help prevent dominance aggression. (petmd.com)
  • relational aggression is aimed at damaging relationships, for example excluding and spreading rumors. (ipl.org)
  • Relational aggression seems to have a longer effect on students. (ipl.org)
  • When discussing Relational Aggression I use definition to explain the term that most people would be unaware of. (ipl.org)
  • study will examine the effect of relational aggression on anxiety and general well-being of adolescents. (ipl.org)
  • Relational aggression affects the general well-being of a person and leads him to anxiety. (ipl.org)
  • Relational aggression effects the normal functioning of a person. (ipl.org)
  • Relational Aggression Aggression can be defined as an act that injures or agitates another individual. (ipl.org)
  • What this study shows is that relational aggression actually can cause a change in the way you think," said Gentile. (psychcentral.com)
  • A second clip portrayed relational aggression, where girls steal boyfriends, spread malicious gossip and kick someone out of their social circle. (psychcentral.com)
  • Past research has shown that viewing physical violence on TV activates aggressive scripts in the brain, but our findings suggest that watching both onscreen physical or relational aggression activates those cognitive scripts," say the researchers. (psychcentral.com)
  • This matters because relational aggression tends to be considered more socially acceptable - it's often portrayed on television as funny and how friends treat each other," he said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Yet, several studies are starting to show that relational aggression can cause long-term harm. (psychcentral.com)
  • And some of the most highly publicized effects have been a result of the rising incidence of cyberbullying, which Gentile says is a classic case of relational aggression. (psychcentral.com)
  • It's actually relational aggression and it does all the things that relational aggression does," Gentile said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Do you have a hard time accepting your dog's aggression? (hubpages.com)
  • In addition to monitoring, it is important for the dog owner to work regularly on the recommended techniques to reduce the dog's aggression and to improve its socialization ability. (petmd.com)
  • Study participants were between the ages of 6 and 12 years and had been diagnosed with ADHD with aggression, as determined by having a score of 24 or higher on the Retrospective-Modified Overt Aggression Scale (R-MOAS). (medscape.com)
  • Aggression is overt or covert, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other harm upon another individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maternal aggression occurs when a new mom becomes overly protective of her litter. (petfinder.com)
  • Aggression occurs among virtually all vertebrates and is necessary to get and keep important resources such as mates, territory and food," Craig Kennedy, professor of special education and pediatrics, said. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Redirected aggression occurs when a cat is upset about something and then turns its anger elsewhere, because it is unable to direct it at the actual event. (wikihow.com)
  • However, if aggression and conflict rear their ugly heads in a household of formerly nonviolent female cats, it's probably because one has reached the status of social maturity, which occurs at around four years of age. (petmd.com)
  • Bullying is a common type of aggression. (cigna.com)
  • Best known at BGSU for his research into the neurochemistry of behavioral phenomena such as aggression and addiction in crayfish, Huber also has specialized experience in computer vision, which he will apply to Harvard's quantitative behavioral study of Drosophila, or fruit flies. (bgsu.edu)
  • We examined the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying aggression in Drosophila . (nature.com)
  • Dow, M.A. & von Schilcher, F. Aggression and mating success in Drosophila melanogaster . (nature.com)
  • Social experience has effects on male aggression in Drosophila . (sciencemag.org)
  • L. Wang, D. J. Anderson, Identification of an aggression-promoting pheromone and its receptor neurons in Drosophila . (sciencemag.org)
  • The pheromone cVA promotes aggression in Drosophila through olfactory sensory neurons that express the receptor Or67d. (sciencemag.org)
  • Dog leash aggression is usually caused by frustration and often made worse by owner anxiety. (vetinfo.com)
  • Leash aggression of this type starts with a dog who is so excited when he sees another dog that he can barely contain himself. (vetinfo.com)
  • Leash aggression is made worse by the way an owner reacts to the aggression. (vetinfo.com)
  • One could hardly imagine that in 2014 the world would witness Russia launching flagrant aggression against its sovereign neighbour, Ukraine, by occupying Crimea and setting off hostilities in its eastern regions. (irishexaminer.com)
  • Syria accused Ankara of "flagrant aggression" on Sunday after Turkey shot down a warplane near the border, raising tensions as Syrian loyalists and rebels battled for control of a frontier crossing. (ndtv.com)
  • Research on violence from a range of disciplines lend some support to a distinction between affective and predatory aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predatory aggression is usually seen as part of the prey drive sequence starting with a visual or auditory trigger followed by chase, capture and kill. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predatory aggression is impacted by anxious influences, which results in the expression of affective aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on a study that examines the predatory aggression in German shepherd dogs, this type of aggression is rarely displayed by dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predatory aggression is displayed by mature and intact males and this type of aggression results in serious damage to others. (wikipedia.org)
  • In spite of this expansion, serotonin (5-HT) remains the primary molecular determinant of inter-male aggression, whereas other molecules appear to act indirectly through 5-HT signaling. (nih.gov)
  • Merriam-Webster.com Thesaurus , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/aggressions. (merriam-webster.com)
  • However, the precise role or roles served by the amine in aggression have been difficult to define because dopaminergic systems influence many behaviors, and all can be altered by changing the function of dopaminergic neurons. (pnas.org)
  • In the fruit fly, with the powerful genetic tools available, small subsets of brain cells can be reliably manipulated, offering enormous advantages for exploration of how and where amine neurons fit into the circuits involved with aggression. (pnas.org)
  • We found two sets of dopaminergic neurons that modulate aggression, one from the T1 cluster and another from the PPM3 cluster. (pnas.org)
  • Both activation and inactivation of these neurons resulted in an increase in aggression. (pnas.org)
  • These data suggest that the two types of dopaminergic neurons may influence aggression through interactions in the central complex region of the brain involving two different DA receptor subtypes. (pnas.org)
  • We carried out genetic rescue experiments that revealed the functional importance of neuronal octopamine and identified a small subset of octopaminergic neurons in the suboesophageal ganglion as being important for aggression. (nature.com)
  • Figure 4: Effect of activating octopaminergic neurons on aggression. (nature.com)
  • Figure 5: Rescue of aggression phenotype in Tβh nM18 mutants by TβH expression in octopaminergic neurons. (nature.com)
  • Figure 6: A small subset of octopaminergic neurons involved in aggression. (nature.com)
  • What you're really treating is the emotional dysregulation that leads to aggression," Coccaro said. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Also, very confident cats will often use passive aggression. (petmd.com)
  • and the mass murders from wars of aggression have been intentional. (opednews.com)
  • A remarkable insider's account of the historical efforts to criminalize wars of aggression. (princeton.edu)
  • Weisbord provides a remarkably accessible account of the effort to impose individual criminal liability for the waging of wars of aggression. (princeton.edu)
  • Tuesday night, many parents -- most of whom declined to give their names -- were concerned about signs of aggression in their own children. (courant.com)
  • If your cat is showing signs of aggression toward you for seemingly no reason, consider just walking away and giving your cat a chance to calm down. (wikihow.com)
  • In fact, Hurd sais the elevated aggression within this sample of students includes displays of aggression by one person against individuals through use of subtle, "gossip girl" styles of indirect aggression. (psychcentral.com)
  • Group displays of aggression also can be explained by the Evolutionary theory. (ipl.org)
  • Postmenopausal women who take statins to manage their cholesterol levels may be more likely to experience an increase in aggression over time than those who don't take statins, a new study suggests. (livescience.com)
  • The degree to which your sleep problems worsened on statin ," were linked with the increase in aggression, Golomb said. (livescience.com)
  • The anniversary was also marked by U.S. criticism of what Washington called 'ongoing aggression in eastern Ukraine' by Russia and 'attempts' by Moscow 'to destroy the identity and Western aspirations of the people of Ukraine. (rferl.org)
  • Georgia and USA prepare another aggression against Russia? (pravda.ru)
  • 2016). Linking workplace aggression to employee well-being and work: The moderating role of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB). (oakland.edu)
  • Species that live in groups, including people and dogs, also use aggression and the threat of aggression to keep the peace and to negotiate social interactions. (aspca.org)
  • This isn 't the first time that 'bureaucratic determinism,' where administrators declare themselves powerless to exert discretion and end up punishing students for infractions that even they agree didn 't contain any elements of threat or aggression, has triggered calls for a more lenient approach. (ipl.org)
  • Aggression in canines may be a self-defense response to a person or animal entering a dog's space, which may be ritualized aggression, not actual aggression, if the violation includes a threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • If, however, they are so familiar with each other that the level of aggression increases too much, the researchers hypothesize that some individuals will leave the group and join others. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the first of two studies presented here at the American Society of Clinical Pharmacology (ASCP) Annual Meeting, researchers reported on improvements in the management of impulsive aggression in children with ADHD with long-term therapy, lasting more than 6 months, of extended-release molindone (SPN-810, Supernus) as an adjunct to stimulant monotherapy. (medscape.com)
  • In the new study, the researchers confirmed that link, and also found that the degree to which testosterone dropped in men as a result of using the drug predicted the degree of their reduction in aggression, Golomb said. (livescience.com)
  • These opposite effects of statins on aggression have also been shown in studies examining people's risk of physical health conditions such as cancer, the researchers noted. (livescience.com)
  • In this study, the researchers already assume that body asymmetry and aggression do not have a causal relationship. (sciencenetlinks.com)
  • Here, the researchers strengthen that relationship by connecting aggression to asymmetry. (sciencenetlinks.com)
  • Lesch KP and Merschdorf U (2000) Impulsivity, aggression, and serotonin: a molecular psychobiological perspective. (els.net)
  • The term "aggression" refers to a wide variety of behaviors that occur for a multitude of reasons in various circumstances. (aspca.org)
  • Aggression encompasses a range of behaviors that usually begins with warnings and can culminate in an attack. (aspca.org)
  • MIAMI - Medications in development for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) target specific behaviors, such as impulsive aggression, and genes that involve the glutamatergic network, new research shows. (medscape.com)
  • Using these and the suggestions listed earlier can help to reduce the incidence of fear-based and aggression-based behaviors. (petmd.com)
  • Victims of workplace aggression more often report a poor state of health than their colleagues who do not face aggression at work. (cbs.nl)
  • One in three employees in the age category 15-65 became victims of aggression in the workplace last year. (cbs.nl)
  • Some 64 percent of workplace aggression victims would like to see that steps are taken to reduce pressure and stress at work. (cbs.nl)
  • Workplace aggression and incivility lead to higher rates of work-family conflict, physical ailments and worse sleep quality. (oakland.edu)
  • She discovered that employees and employers could take steps to negate the effects of workplace aggression. (oakland.edu)
  • Shrugging it off: Does psychological detachment mediate the relationship between workplace aggression and work-family conflict? (oakland.edu)
  • Learn how to channel predatory play aggression here. (petfinder.com)
  • Part one of this series on cat-to-human biting and scratching covered play aggression, pain aggression and over-stimulation. (petfinder.com)
  • The first time Sheila's cat, Childe Harold, attacked her toes while she slept, it was simply a case of nocturnal play aggression. (petfinder.com)
  • If your dog shows aggression toward people or dogs only when on leash, his aggression was probably caused by frustration. (vetinfo.com)
  • There are 3 theories that go towards explaining aggression, each giving a different view on what causes aggression. (ipl.org)
  • The study doesn't suggest that asymmetry causes aggression, and can't prove that maternal risk factors are to blame. (sciencenetlinks.com)
  • This study does not suggest that having asymmetrical features causes aggression. (sciencenetlinks.com)
  • Dr Moore has worked with young offenders before and said that a good diet may reduce aggression. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Canine aggression may be influenced by a dog's age, sex, health and reproductive status. (wikipedia.org)
  • The determinants for each type of aggression are different, but there are specific factors that are common to canine aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dealing effectively with canine aggression necessitates a comprehensive understanding of its underlying causes. (dogstardaily.com)
  • One clip depicted physical aggression, including a gun and knife fight that ended in murder. (psychcentral.com)
  • Nearly one quarter of employees faced external aggression. (cbs.nl)
  • External aggression does not affect the long-term sickness absence rate. (cbs.nl)
  • Victims of external aggression are somewhere in between. (cbs.nl)
  • 54 percent of external aggression victims would like to see steps taken to reduce work pressure and 22 percent are in favour of action against customers, patients, pupils or passengers. (cbs.nl)
  • The People Liberation Army of China has been following a consistent policy of transgressing into Indian territory - more particularly in the western and eastern sector since 2008-09 to serve their strategic interest of protecting its Xinjiang and Tibet from external aggression. (asianage.com)
  • Admitting that Chinese became more aggressive to fortify its volatile Uighurs population of Xinjiang province from any external aggression, Mr Ravi said that China was also not comfortable with the activities of Tibetans in exile. (asianage.com)
  • Maternal aggression is most problematic during the first three to four weeks after birth, when the kittens are the most vulnerable. (petfinder.com)
  • Maternal aggression is displayed by mothers when they are approached and particularly when their offspring are young. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent pharmacological and genetic studies have dramatically expanded the list of neurotransmitters, hormones, cytokines, enzymes, growth factors, and signaling molecules that influence aggression. (nih.gov)
  • Bullying & Social Aggression is designed to guide the learner through a step-by-step process in the detection and prevention of bullying and social aggression. (merlot.org)
  • The video presentations are the focus which provide an overview of bullying & social aggression, the effects and prevention of bullying & social aggression along with tips for the prevention and. (merlot.org)
  • There are also videos which gives the viewer a better understanding on Bullying and Social Aggression as well as intervention tips and techniques. (merlot.org)
  • You just viewed Bullying & Social Aggression . (merlot.org)
  • New research suggests watching onscreen gossip and emotional bullying, including social exclusion, can create a mindset of aggression. (psychcentral.com)
  • Bullying causes: Is high self-esteem the reason for aggression? (news.com.au)
  • Classification may also encompass aggression-related emotions (e.g. anger) and mental states (e.g. impulsivity, hostility). (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing numbers of adolescents are becoming embraced by young people and has led to expanding victims of this new form of violence--electronic knowledge, social networks, and vocabulary that aggression. (cdc.gov)
  • The campaign to curb aromatic aggression faces daunting opposition, because a lot of people obviously prefer a bottled aroma to their own natural variety. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Some people think that we must rely chiefly upon what has been called "moral disarmament"-a change in the state of mind of a sufficient number of Germans so that no future ruler or government will be able to lead the country into another war of aggression. (historians.org)
  • While it looks like aggression, and sometimes it is, it can also be a fear-based reaction to perceived threats to keep other dogs and people away. (newsday.com)
  • Once again, the controversy pits conservatives--people such as Fujio and the National Council's members who seek to play down Japanese war brutality and put Japan's aggression into a larger picture of international aggression in Asia--against leftists who seek to emphasize the brutality of Japan's militarists and the evils of the capitalist system that they say produced it. (latimes.com)
  • Aug. 25 (UPI) -- Lebanon warned against Israeli aggression on Sunday after three people were killed in an airstrike in Syria and an apparently botched drone strike in Beirut. (upi.com)
  • One common belief shared by writers, philosophers, and lay people alike is that hot temperatures increase aggression and violence. (psychologytoday.com)
  • It's not surprising that hostility and aggression tended to be higher in people who said they had dreamed of killing another person, Schredl said. (livescience.com)
  • It's possible that people who have less agreeable personalities might feel aggression that is exaggerated in their dreams, Schredl said. (livescience.com)
  • Genes play a role in aggression, and both human and animal studies suggest that common gene variants predispose some people to violent actions and criminality. (els.net)
  • Previous studies have suggested that more than 50% of children with ADHD exhibit impulsive aggression at baseline, and the symptom is often unresponsive to ADHD medications, said presenter Toyin Adewole, MD, an employee of Supernus Pharmaceuticals, in presenting the findings in a Pharmaceutical Pipeline session at the meeting. (medscape.com)
  • According to the report, children who are spanked are more likely to exhibit depression, aggression, anxiety, feelings of hopelessness, drug and alcohol use and general psychological maladjustment. (deseretnews.com)
  • Many students exhibit defiance and aggression after adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). (aft.org)
  • Who bore the brunt of her aggression? (aspca.org)
  • Fishermen and farmers, who are trying to subsist amid dire economic conditions, have born the brunt of the aggression. (counterpunch.org)
  • In humans, aggression can be caused by various triggers, from frustration due to blocked goals to feeling disrespected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obviously, aggression towards humans is taken much more seriously than aggression towards other dogs. (hubpages.com)
  • Despite well‐known gender differences in aggressive behaviour, biological evidence in humans tying differences in aggression to sex hormones remains equivocal. (els.net)
  • Hurd said there seems to be a link between fetal testosterone and social behaviour, like aggression, in adults, and that the effects of the variation in sensitivity on the levels of fetal testosterone may explain the effect seen. (psychcentral.com)
  • Adults of course have more opportunities to express aggression and dominance, and usually more options for escaping it than high school students do. (news.com.au)
  • Impulsive aggression is often refractory to ADHD-targeted therapy, and guidelines recommend adjunctive aggression-targeted therapy when impulsive aggression persists despite ADHD treatment. (medscape.com)
  • There is currently no FDA-approved medication specifically for use as adjunctive therapy to treat refractory impulsive aggression in children with ADHD," she said. (medscape.com)
  • In commenting on the study, Melvin D. Oatis, MD, a psychiatrist and clinical supervisor at the Child Study Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York City, noted the need to clarify the role of impulsive aggression in ADHD. (medscape.com)
  • It's important to be careful to separate impulsiveness in ADHD with impulsive aggression, because aggression is not a symptom of ADHD," he told Medscape Medical News . (medscape.com)
  • He added that psychotherapy should be a key aspect of treating impulsive aggression. (medscape.com)
  • 1998) Tryptophan hydroxylase genotype is associated with impulsive‐aggression measures: a preliminary study. (els.net)
  • One includes affective (emotional) and hostile, reactive, or retaliatory aggression that is a response to provocation, and the other includes instrumental, goal-oriented or predatory, in which aggression is used as a means to achieve a goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of aggression is caused by sympathetic system activation and is non-affective. (wikipedia.org)
  • In definitions commonly used in the social sciences and behavioral sciences, aggression is an action or response by an individual that delivers something unpleasant to another person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Manifestations of aggression included fish chasing other individuals in the tank. (eurekalert.org)
  • Covert aggression is less apparent. (petmd.com)
  • We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. (peterlang.com)
  • That's why the Georgian army went into the conflict zone, in order to stop the aggression and re-establish constitutional order in the region," Kakulia told IPS. (ipsnews.net)
  • Redirected aggression is an involuntary reflex. (wikihow.com)
  • Involuntary physical reactions to aggression will also show. (petmd.com)
  • Understanding the interactions between 5-HT receptor subtypes should lead to novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of aggression. (nih.gov)
  • On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact , stunning the world, given their diametrically opposed ideologies. (history.com)
  • 1939) proposed that aggression was due to frustration, which was described as an unpleasant emotion resulting from any interference with achieving a rewarding goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Giving an insider's account of the long struggle to make aggression a crime, Noah Weisbord traces politicized negotiations across decades even as nations acquired nuclear bombs and pushed aggression into cyberspace, biological weapons, and drones. (princeton.edu)
  • Japan's official adoption of a new edition of a history textbook, which critics say "whitewashes" Japan's past history of aggression, stirred fury across China last week. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • TOKYO - Future historians will have to judge whether Japan's role in World War II should be called aggression. (latimes.com)
  • Only four years ago, there was a diplomatic flap with both China and South Korea when the Education Ministry expunged the word aggression and substituted the word advance for invasion in textbooks describing Japan's military moves against its Asian neighbors. (latimes.com)
  • Those textbooks were written by authors with a Marxist point of view who attempted to play up Japan's military brutality and aggression, which they attributed to the country's capitalist system. (latimes.com)
  • Monoamines, including dopamine (DA), have been linked to aggression in various species. (pnas.org)
  • This shows for the first time that aggression, on its own, is motivating, and that the well-known positive reinforcer dopamine plays a critical role. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Further study of this pheromone-OSN pair should provide further insights into the mechanisms that control aggression. (sciencemag.org)
  • Berkowitz extended this frustration-aggression hypothesis and proposed that it is not so much the frustration as the unpleasant emotion that evokes aggressive tendencies, and that all aversive events produce negative affect and thereby aggressive tendencies, as well as fear tendencies. (wikipedia.org)