The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Age of the biological father.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
The failure of homologous CHROMOSOMES or CHROMATIDS to segregate during MITOSIS or MEIOSIS with the result that one daughter cell has both of a pair of parental chromosomes or chromatids and the other has none.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Female parents, human or animal.
A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
A HERNIA due to an imperfect closure or weakness of the umbilical ring. It appears as a skin-covered protrusion at the UMBILICUS during crying, coughing, or straining. The hernia generally consists of OMENTUM or SMALL INTESTINE. The vast majority of umbilical hernias are congenital but can be acquired due to severe abdominal distention.
A congenital defect with major fissure in the ABDOMINAL WALL lateral to, but not at, the UMBILICUS. This results in the extrusion of VISCERA. Unlike OMPHALOCELE, herniated structures in gastroschisis are not covered by a sac or PERITONEUM.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 28th day after birth in a given population.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
Minute cells produced during development of an OOCYTE as it undergoes MEIOSIS. A polar body contains one of the nuclei derived from the first or second meiotic CELL DIVISION. Polar bodies have practically no CYTOPLASM. They are eventually discarded by the oocyte. (from King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
A specific pair of GROUP G CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
A method for diagnosis of fetal diseases by sampling the cells of the placental chorionic villi for DNA analysis, presence of bacteria, concentration of metabolites, etc. The advantage over amniocentesis is that the procedure can be carried out in the first trimester.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
The short, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group G in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 21 and 22 and the Y chromosome.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The number of males per 100 females.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
A hydroxylated metabolite of ESTRADIOL or ESTRONE that has a hydroxyl group at C3, 16-alpha, and 17-beta position. Estriol is a major urinary estrogen. During PREGNANCY, a large amount of estriol is produced by the PLACENTA. Isomers with inversion of the hydroxyl group or groups are called epiestriol.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
The short, metacentric human chromosomes, called group F in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 19 and 20.
A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Abnormal number or structure of the SEX CHROMOSOMES. Some sex chromosome aberrations are associated with SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS and SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT.
The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Size and composition of the family.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The medium-sized, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group D in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 13, 14, and 15.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.
Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.
Extraction of the fetus by means of obstetrical instruments.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.
Male parents, human or animal.
Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Abnormal placentation in which the PLACENTA implants in the lower segment of the UTERUS (the zone of dilation) and may cover part or all of the opening of the CERVIX. It is often associated with serious antepartum bleeding and PREMATURE LABOR.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during FETAL DEVELOPMENT and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The risk of Trisomy 21 increases with maternal age with the risk being 1/2000 (0.05%) at age 20 increasing to 1/100 (1%) at age ... Hook, EB (September 1981). "Rates of chromosome abnormalities at different maternal ages". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 27 (1): ... Hassold T, Hunt P (December 2009). "Maternal age and chromosomally abnormal pregnancies: what we know and what we wish we knew ... "New observations on maternal age effect on germline de novo mutations". Nature Communications. 7: 10486. Bibcode:2016NatCo... ...
Trimble, Benjamin, K.; Patricia A. Baird; John M. Opitz (1978). "Maternal age and down syndrome: Age-specific incidence rates ... Neurons make connections with neighboring neurons, and these become more complex and more idiosyncratic as the child ages, up ... Maternal age has been shown to be related to intelligence with younger mothers tending have children of lower intelligence than ... However, another study found that when influences such as maternal age, mother's personality and home environment, there was no ...
The relation between number of older brothers and male homosexuality is not an artifact of higher maternal or paternal age at ... This implies that the birth order phenomenon cannot be explained by increased mutation rates in the ova or sperm cells of aging ... Slater E (13 January 1962). "Birth order and maternal age of homosexuals". The Lancet. 1 (7220): 69-71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736( ... It has generally been thought that this maternal response would not apply to first born gay sons and that they may owe their ...
... incidence increases substantially as maternal age rises. Less is understood about the role of maternal age in sex chromosome ... In trisomy X, premature menopause has occurred between the ages of 19 and 40, while in tetrasomy X, it has been recorded as ... Dey, Subrata Kumar; Ghosh, Sujoy (29 August 2011). "Etiology of Down Syndrome: Risk of Advanced Maternal Age and Altered ... Nondisjunction is related to advanced maternal age. In common aneuploidies such as Down syndrome, the relationship with ...
Maternal age is the only known risk factor. Women at 40 years have a four times higher risk for a child with Klinefelter ... syndrome than women aged 24 years. The extra chromosome is retained because of a nondisjunction event during paternal meiosis I ... maternal meiosis I, or maternal meiosis II (gametogenesis). The relevant nondisjunction in meiosis I occurs when homologous ... They may have less muscle control and coordination than other boys of their age. During puberty, the physical traits of the ...
Still, advanced maternal age causes decreased success rates; women aged 38-39 years appear to have reasonable success during ... maternal age, follicle count at hCG administration day, follicle rupture, and the number of uterine contractions observed after ... Women whose age is becoming a major factor in fertility may not want to spend that extra time. The number of samples ( ... However, for women aged over 40 years, there appears to be no benefit after a single cycle of COH/IUI. Medical experts ...
Full maternal inheritance is present within DM1, repeat expansion length is linked to maternal age and the earliest instance of ... decline has been found to be similar across a wide range of individuals with varying numbers of CAG repeats and differing ages ... "Increased trinucleotide repeat instability with advanced maternal age". Human Molecular Genetics. 6 (12): 2135-2139. doi: ... Maternal transmission has been observed to only consist of an increase in repeat units of 1 while the paternal transmission is ...
Low birth weight can also vary by maternal age. In 2008 the rate of low birth weight was the highest in babies born to women ... but it was also shown that this relationship is fully explained by maternal weight. Middle aged adults with low birth weight ... A low birth weight can be caused either by a preterm birth (low gestational age at birth) or of the infant being small for ... A baby born small or large for gestational age (either of the two extremes) is thought to have an increased risk of obesity in ...
Maternal age at first birth is a highly heritable trait. Human evolution continues during the modern era, including among ... The ApoE allele linked to Alzheimer's disease was rare among women aged 70 and over while the frequency of the CHRNA3 gene ... They found that selection favored younger age at first birth among women. In particular, the average age at first birth of ... Around 60,000 years ago, during the middle of an ice age, it was extremely cold in the far north, but ice sheets sucked up much ...
Advanced maternal age causes decreased success rates in ovarian hyperstimulation. In ovarian hyperstimulation combined with IUI ... there is a lower prevalence of poor responders among young women compared to those of advancing age, with 50% of women aged 43 ... However, for women aged ≥40 years, the overall live birth rate is 2.0% per cycle, and there appears to be no benefit after a ... It is therefore recommended to consider in vitro fertilization after one failed COH/IUI cycle for women aged ≥40 years. Body ...
"Association between maternal age and meiotic recombination for trisomy 21". American Journal of Human Genetics. 76 (1): 91-9. ... Liu B, Yip RK, Zhou Z (2012). "Chromatin remodeling, DNA damage repair and aging". Curr. Genomics. 13 (7): 533-47. doi:10.2174/ ...
"Maternal familism predicts birthweight and ashthma symptoms by age three". Social Science & Medicine. 76 (1): 28-38. doi: ... Abdou developed the Culture and Social Identity Health Theory2 and the related conceptual framework, Aging Before Birth and ... Abdou, C. M. (2013). Aging before birth and beyond: Lifespan and intergenerational adaptation through positive resources. In K ... and aging. Abdou served as an associate editor for the Handbook of Minority Aging1 published by Springer in 2013. ...
Advanced maternal age represents a significant consideration for ovum health, and is currently regarded as the largest risk ... Herbert, Mary; Kalleas, Dimitrios; Cooney, Daniel; Lamb, Mahdi; Lister, Lisa (2015-04-01). "Meiosis and maternal aging: ... "Maternal age effect and severe germ-line bottleneck in the inheritance of human mitochondrial DNA". Proceedings of the National ... Age-related degeneration of the inhibitors and regulators of separase, may lead to inappropriate and premature cohesin ...
Dennis, Jeff A. (2018-10-18). "Birth weight and maternal age among American Indian/Alaska Native mothers: A test of the ... The data indicated a widening disparity in black-white infant mortality as maternal ages increase. Subsequently, Geronimus ... Across all women, older maternal age is associated with higher rates of these negative outcomes during pregnancy, but studies ... Geronimus, Arline T. (1996-02-01). "Black/white differences in the relationship of maternal age to birthweight: A population- ...
Thompson died in Toronto on November 3rd, 2014 at the age of 94. Heredity, Maternal Age, and Birth Order in the Etiology of ... Thompson, Margaret (March 19, 1975). "Genetics flaws tied to aging". The Toronto Star - via University of Toronto Archives & ... At six years of age, she emigrated with her family to Saskatchewan, Canada. Thompson received teacher training at the Saskatoon ... an academic and was featured in multiple Globe and Mail and Toronto Star articles on her research in genetic defects and age, ...
The risk rises with maternal age from 1 in 1400 pregnancies below age 25, to 1 in 350 at age 35, to 1 in 100 at age 40. Down ... "First-trimester screening for trisomy 21 combining biochemistry and ultrasound at individually optimal gestational ages. An ... Based on maternal age, some countries offer invasive testing to women over 35; others to the oldest 5% of pregnant women. Most ... Screening for Down syndrome by a combination of maternal age and thickness of nuchal translucency in the fetus at 11-14 weeks ...
Maternal age affects the chances of having a pregnancy with Down syndrome.[3] At age 20, the chance is one in 1441; at age 30, ... The accelerated aging suggest that trisomy 21 increases the biological age of tissues, but molecular evidence for this ... and at age 50 it is one in 44.[3] Although the probability increases with maternal age, 70% of children with Down syndrome are ... Morris, JK; Mutton, DE; Alberman, E (2002). "Revised estimates of the maternal age specific live birth prevalence of Down's ...
Maternal age: Younger candidates of IVF are more likely to get pregnant. Women older than 41 are more likely to get pregnant ... HFEA has estimated the live birth rate to be approximately 1.3% per IVF cycle using no hyperstimulation drugs for women aged ... IVF over age 40Edit. All pregnancies can be risky, but there are greater risk for women who are older and are over the age of ... Level of DNA fragmentation[19] as measured e.g. by Comet assay, advanced maternal age and semen quality. ...
The age range with the highest death rates, due to HIV, are those between the ages of 20 and 49 years. The fact that this age ... Key issues in Asian health include childbirth and maternal health, HIV and AIDS, mental health, and aging and the elderly. ... They have also found correlations between mortality and sex and age. Very young and old people are more susceptible to sickness ... ISBN 978-1-74104-163-7. for the National Academy of Sciences (1995). Infectious Diseases in an Age of Change The Impact of ...
"Maternal age and chromosomally abnormal pregnancies: what we know and what we wish we knew". Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 21 ... for the maintenance of oocyte reserve and that a decline in efficiency of repair with age plays a role in ovarian aging. ... and leads to nearly complete exhaustion of the reserve by about age 52. As ovarian reserve and fertility decline with age, ... As women age, reproductive performance declines, leading to menopause. This decline is tied to a reduction in the number of ...
These associations have been particularly apparent in children diagnosed younger than three years of age.".[103] "Maternal ... A study concluded, "Results from our prospective cohort study of middle-aged and elderly women indicate that moderate alcohol ... For ALL in children, maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is "unlikely to be an important risk factor for ALL"[103] ... Zisman AL, Nickolov A, Brand RE, Gorchow A, Roy HK (March 2006). "Associations between the age at diagnosis and location of ...
The maternal mortality rate can be up to five times higher for girls aged 10-14 than for women aged 20-24. Illegal abortion ... The risk of maternal death for girls under age 15 in low and middle income countries is higher than for women in their twenties ... Girls under age 18 are twice as likely to be beaten by their child's father than women over age 18. A UK study found that 70% ... In 1187 Isabella of Hainault was aged 17 when she gave birth to Louis VIII of France, but she died in 1190 aged 19 the day ...
Boice, R. (1977). "Burrows of Wild and Albino Rats: Effects of Domestication, Outdoor Raising, Age, Experience, and Maternal ... the brown rat spread to other parts of the world sometime in the Middle Ages.[50][51][52] The question of when brown rats ... As pups, young rats use different types of ultrasonic cries to elicit and direct maternal search behavior,[18] as well as to ... Grota, L. J.; Ader, R. (1969). "Continuous recording of maternal behavior in Rattus norvegicus". Animal Behaviour. 17 (4): 722- ...
Maternal success appeared to decline after this point, possibly because of an age-related impairment in the ability to store ... in addition to poorer body condition in bears of all ages.[38] ... Females begin to breed at the age of four years in most areas, ... in polar bears from Svalbard, in relation to hide length and age". Polar Research. 1 (1): 89-96. Bibcode:1983PolRe...1...89L. ... Polar bears rarely live beyond 25 years.[130] The oldest wild bears on record died at age 32, whereas the oldest captive was a ...
Feeling trapped in a maternal role at such a young age, Ruth resented her younger sister Sarah, an artist whom Ruth views as a ... aged 82, while sitting talking with her brother Billy. ... Rico dies in 2049 at age 75 on a cruise ship apparently of a ... The eccentric Arthur was orphaned at the age of 5 and was home schooled by his great Aunt Pearl. After his aunt died of old age ... At age 11, Durrell expresses interest in becoming a fireman. However, in the last scenes of the last episode, he is shown ...
For women aged 38, however, only about 77%. The effect of age upon men's fertility is less clear.[68] ... It is increasingly recognized that egg quality is of critical importance and women of advanced maternal age have eggs of ... Male fertility peaks usually at age 25 and declines after age 40.[8] The time needed to pass (during which the couple tries to ... female fertility normally peaks at age 24 and diminishes after 30, with pregnancy occurring rarely after age 50.[8] A female is ...
"inevitable.. virtually 100%": 7% by age 21, 87% by age 45, 93% by age 50. Typical ages: 34-43 (avg.39). "Lower.. less well ... Little or no evidence of maternal/paternal bias, or effect related to advanced paternal age, in de novo mutations. Siblings ... risk by age 21, rising to 87% by age 45 and 93% by age 50). The flawed genes do not trigger cancer, but rather, they reduce the ... a) no family history of 100+ polyps before age 30 PLUS ONE OF 10-99 polyps / 100+ polyps and aged over 35 to 40 / colorectal ...
Initially growing up in Bithynia, raised by his maternal grandmother, at the age of seven Julian was under the guardianship of ... 26 June 363 (aged 31 or 32). Maranga, Mesopotamia. Burial. Tarsus. Wife. *Helena ... His maternal grandfather was Julius Julianus, praetorian prefect of the East under emperor Licinius from 315 to 324 and consul ... At the age of 18, the exile was lifted and he dwelt briefly in Constantinople and Nicomedia.[13] ...
A son of Wahbanosay's who had died at age seven had been given the same name.[9] The name translates into English as "[sacred] ... He was named Kahkewāquonāby by his maternal grandfather, Chief Wahbanosay, during a dedicated feast. ... June 29, 1856(1856-06-29) (aged 54). Resting place. Brantford, Ontario. ... Jones was raised by his mother Tuhbenahneequay in the traditional culture and religion of the Mississauga Ojibwas until the age ...
Although she was her father's only legitimate child, Margaret had two maternal half-brothers and three maternal half-sisters ... Rosemary O'Day (26 July 2012). The Routledge Companion to the Tudor Age. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-136-96253-0. .. ... Ward, Jennifer C. (1992). English Noblewomen in the Later Middle Ages. University of California: Longman. p. 102.. ... At age twelve Margaret married Edmund Tudor, twelve years her senior, on 1 November 1455. The Wars of the Roses had just broken ...
At age seven Ruth began to write short verses and read any book she could get her hands on. Her favorite author was Jean ... September 17, 1948(1948-09-17) (aged 61). New York City, New York, U.S.. ... New York to the farm of Ruth's maternal grandparents, the Shattucks.[4] A year later he died, ten days after returning from a ... Although Ruth Benedict's fascination with death started at an early age, she continued to study how death affected people ...
Late Middle AgesEdit. Further information: Late Middle Ages and Pomerania during the Late Middle Ages ... Main articles: Germany in the early modern period and Pomerania during the Early Modern Age ... which permitted maternal inheritance with no precedence for female rule; (2) the insanity of Charles's mother, Joanna of ... Early Middle AgesEdit. Carolingian periodEdit. Main article: Carolingian Empire. As Roman power in Gaul declined during the 5th ...
... such as increasing age, female gender, and genetics.[10] Obesity is more common in women than men in many parts of Africa.[29] ... This increase is believed to be primarily due to the global population aging, a decrease in exercise, and increasing rates of ... "Maternal micronutrient deficiency, fetal development, and the risk of chronic disease". The Journal of Nutrition. 140 (3): 437 ... Typically it begins in middle or older age,[6] although rates of type 2 diabetes are increasing in young people.[19][20] Type 2 ...
This maternal vocalization is highly attractive to their young. The repetition and frequency modulation of these quacks form ... Mallards of all ages (but especially young ones) and in all locations must contend with a wide diversity of predators including ... during the Neolithic Age, and were also farmed by the Romans in Europe, and the Malays in Asia.[127] As the domestic duck and ... Dyer, Antoinette B.; Gottlieb, Gilbert (1990). "Auditory basis of maternal attachment in ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos) under ...
... usually improves around the age of 20 but may persist into adulthood.[75] Permanent physical scarring may occur.[20] There ... Approximately 160 babies were born with birth defects due to maternal use of isotretinoin during pregnancy.[186][187] ... Historical and physical clues that may suggest hormone-sensitive acne include onset between ages 20 and 30; worsening the week ... Medical authorities strictly regulate isotretinoin use in women of childbearing age due to its known harmful effects in ...
... women of child bearing age, pregnant women, and all ages through the control of general malnutrition and the prevention and ... Nepal has made significant progress in improving maternal health. Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live ... while the adults aged 15 years and above account for 92%. There are 3,385 infections estimated among population aged 50 years ... Neonatal and maternal tetanus was already eliminated on 2005 and Japanese encephalitis is in control status. Measles case based ...
Middle Ages[edit]. A manuscript of Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah by Ali al-Ridha, the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims. The text says: " ... In China, archaeological evidence of medicine in Chinese dates back to the Bronze Age Shang Dynasty, based on seeds for ... After the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the onset of the Early Middle Ages, the Greek tradition of medicine went into ... During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church established universities which revived the study of sciences - drawing on the ...
In this context, "carryover" is not the same as excess supply or "surplus". Rice stocks were typically aged for at least two or ... The mortality statistics present a confused picture of the distribution of deaths among age and gender groups. Although very ... which in turn reduced maternal deaths.[216] ... Das suggests that a large proportion of the girls aged 15 and ... A relatively lower death rate for females of child-bearing age may have reflected a reduction in fertility, brought on by ...
the age(melbourne)magazine, p. 16 *^ Hong, Yu-Hung (March 1999). "Myths and Realities of Public Land Leasing: Canberra and Hong ... Gorton spent his early years living with his maternal grandparents in Port Melbourne, as his parents were frequently away on ... She died in September 1920, aged 32. Gorton's grieving father sent his son to live with his estranged wife Kathleen. There, he ... Gorton died at Sydney's St Vincent's Hospital at the age of 90 in May 2002.[89] A State funeral[90] and memorial service was ...
Boynton, Dori, compiler (1991). Lady Boynton's "New Age" Dossiers: a Serendipitous Digest of News and Articles on Trends in ... Studies have shown that by combining live music, such as harp music, with the Kangaroo Care, maternal anxiety is reduced. This ... Given the universal nature of music, music therapy is uniquely able to reach individuals across all backgrounds and ages. It ... "Age in Action. 29 (3): 1-5.. *Pellizzari, Patricia y colaboradores: Flavia Kinisberg, Germán Tuñon, Candela Brusco, Diego ...
Weng HH, Bastian LA, Taylor DH, Moser BK, Ostbye T. Number of children associated with obesity in middle-aged women and men: ... Borodulin K, Laatikainen T, Juolevi A, Jousilahti P. Thirty-year trends of physical activity in relation to age, calendar time ... Effects of interventions in pregnancy on maternal weight and obstetric outcomes: meta-analysis of randomised evidence. BMJ ( ... Prospective study of intentional weight loss and mortality in never-smoking overweight US white women aged 40-64 years. Am. J. ...
On 13 August 1910, at the age of 90, she died peacefully in her sleep in her room at 10 South Street, Mayfair, London.[47][48] ... "Miss Nightingale Dies, Aged Ninety". The New York Times. 15 August 1910. Retrieved 21 July 2007. Florence Nightingale, the ... Fanny's father (Florence's maternal grandfather) was the abolitionist and Unitarian William Smith.[10] Nightingale's father ... Florence Nightingale exhibited a gift for mathematics from an early age and excelled in the subject under the tutelage of her ...
"The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 6 May 2018.. *^ Harrison, Faye Venetia (2005). Resisting racism and xenophobia : global ... The main slave routes in the Middle East and Northern Africa during the Middle Ages. ... "Documenting President Barack Obama's Maternal African-American Ancestry: Tracing His Mother's Bunch Ancestry to the First ... At age 10, she was expelled from her all-white school. The officials' decisions based on her anomalous appearance disrupted her ...
Other campaigns included a program to reduce the infant mortality rate in 1970 directed at maternal and prenatal care.[19] As ... who was president of the International Longevity Center in New York and a Pulitzer Prize-winning author on aging, traveled to ... Life expectancy at age 60 22 (years) 2012 Fertility rate. 1.4 (children born/woman). 2013 ...
In his early years, Laurel spent much time living with his maternal grandmother, Sarah Metcalfe.[3] He attended school at King ... He did not want to be on screen in his old age,[4] especially without Hardy. ... Laurel's daughter Lois died on 27 July 2017, aged 89.[23] Laurel and Neilson divorced in December 1934. ... aged 74, four days after suffering a heart attack on 19 February.[28] Minutes before his death, he told his nurse that he would ...
The Living Age. 48. Littell, Son and Company. 1856. p. 326.. *^ Gregory of Nazianzus. Oration 43: Funeral Oration on the Great ... January 1 or 2, 379 (aged 48-50). Caesarea, Cappadocia. Venerated in. Eastern Orthodox Church. Oriental Orthodoxy. Roman ... His maternal grandfather was a Christian martyr, executed in the years prior to Constantine I's conversion.[13][14] His pious ... coming as he did at the end of the age of persecution. Basil's liturgical influence is well attested in early sources. Though ...
His maternal great-grandfather, named Lionel, was a British immigrant, and fought against the Pampas tribes in the mid-19th ... By the late 1960s, tango had become mostly "for export", since musicians and audiences were aging and making little progress ... one of the top tango dancers of his age). Japanese tourists were a constant presence in Rivero's place. Rivero hosted a TV show ...
... died on 18 February 1547 aged 23 at Fossombrone and was buried in the church at the Monastery of Santa Chiara ... On 14 December 1527, an agreement was signed in Todi according to which, upon reaching marriageable age, Giulia was to marry ... Her maternal grandparents were Franceschetto Cybo, Duke of Spoleto (in turn illegitimate son of Pope Innocent VIII) and ...
Courtenay's heir was his elder son, Edward, who was eight years of age at his father's death. Courtenay's younger son, Hugh (d. ... only son and heir apparent who predeceased his father aged 16, believed to be represented by the very fine miniature alabaster ... and frequently the younger son beneficiary was required to adopt the maternal surname and armorials. Furthermore, his mother ...
The fact that so many black men of child-producing age are incarcerated for crimes for which only they go to prison gives a ... Two girls of the Relf family in Mississippi, deemed mentally incompetent at ages 12 and 14, and also 18-year-old welfare ... Wilt, Judith (1990). Abortion, Choice, and Contemporary Fiction: The Armageddon of the Maternal Instinct. University of Chicago ... It discusses how, despite many Americans wanting to believe that the election of President Obama ushered in a new age where ...
Amnionic fluid volume Gestational age assessment Fetal weight estimation Fetal anatomical survey Evaluation of the maternal ... Randomized controlled trials have followed children up to ages 8-9, with no significant differences in vision, hearing, school ... if a later scan gives a different estimate of gestational age, the estimated age is not normally changed but rather it is ... It is not unprecedented for fetuses of that age to make momentary movements that could be repeated once or twice beyond the ...
122 women aged 25-34 are living in poverty compared to 100 men of the same age group. And more than 160 million children are at ... According to MIHA (Maternal and Infant Health Assessment) and PRAMS (Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System) data ... By children's age 47 percent of children under age 3 years-5.3 million 47 percent of children age 3 through 5 years-5.6 million ... Poverty, near-poverty, and hardship around the time of pregnancy". Maternal and Child Health Journal. 14 (1): 20-21. doi: ...
A report in The Age newspaper alleged that several councillors had used their phone entitlements for non-council purposes. On ... Social caring and support roles have continued to grow, from maternal and child health centres - the first opened around 1924 ... Of people in Glen Eira aged 15 years and over, 49.6% are married, 35.1% have never married and 9.1% are divorced or separated. ... Farrah Tomazin and Martin Boulton (12 August 2005). "Council sacked as politics, egos clash". The Age. Retrieved 13 January ...
In March 2021 Bronson falls ill, and a vet recommends that he be put to sleep, as his body is failing in his old age. Though ... Denise tells him their ages and lifestyles would make them bad parents, and that adoption is the best thing for the baby. Phil ... run a tearoom and be part of Abi's upbringing with her and Abi's maternal grandmother, Tanya Cross (Jo Joyner). Rainie accepts ... Wanting Bernadette to have friends her own age, Karen pays Keegan to take Bernadette for some fun, but she is hurt when she ...
Wilson's earliest memory was of playing in his yard and standing near the front gate of the Augusta parsonage at the age of ... Wilson's maternal grandfather, Reverend Thomas Woodrow, moved from Paisley, Scotland to Carlisle, England, before migrating to ... making it illegal to ship goods in interstate commerce if they were made in factories employing children under specified ages. ... Woodrow Wilson died on February 3, 1924 at the age of 67. He was interred in Washington National Cathedral, being the only ...
He died on 29 July 1952, at the age of 74. He was originally buried in the Shrine of Our Lady of the Oak in Monterrey, and ... In Tritschler's later years, his mental alertness declined, possibly due to an aging-associated disease. ... so he sent a young Guillermo to be educated by his maternal uncle the Rev. Prisciliano Córdova, a prominent cleric of the ... Because he was sent to the college at the unusually young age of 10, a December 1932 catalog of past students records him as ...
Source for information on Maternal Age: Child Development dictionary. ... Age at the time of delivery of less than sixteen years or greater than thirty-five years meets the criteria for this definition ... MATERNAL AGEExtremes of maternal age are associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy. ... In addition, the aging of the developing eggs in the ovary is associated with an increased risk for spontaneous miscarriage and ...
Exacerbated by a reluctance to invite immigrants to bolster its working-age population, Japans demographic crunch shows little ... Toyota Unveils Robot Baby to Tug at Maternal Instinct in Aging Japan Toyota plans to sell Kirobo Mini, which blinks its eyes ... Toyotas non-automotive venture aims to tap a demographic trend that has put Japan at the forefront of aging among the worlds ...
The journal welcomes submissions on breastfeeding, labor, maternal health and the biomedical aspects of pregnancy. ... Among women aged 35 years or older with prepregnancy depression, the odds of never breastfeeding and breastfeeding 8 weeks or ... Maternal age was a significant effect modifier; therefore, results were stratified by maternal age. Multinomial logistic ... Sociodemographic factors included maternal age (,20; 20-24; 25-29; 30-34; ≥ 35), maternal race/ethnicity (White; Black; ...
At the second annual wave, when subjects were between the ages of 4 and 7 y, parent and child were also observed interacting in ... Maternal support in early childhood predicts larger hippocampal volumes at school age. Joan L. Luby, Deanna M. Barch, Andy ... Maternal support observed in early childhood was strongly predictive of hippocampal volume measured at school age. The positive ... Maternal support in early childhood predicts larger hippocampal volumes at school age ...
For example, the highest age coefficient, 0.22 among blacks, indicates that costs for the newborns of women aged 40 and older ... Thus, to assess the true effects of maternal age, researchers need an inclusive set of narrowly defined age-groups spanning all ... Maternal Age and Birth Outcomes: Data from New Jersey. Nancy E. Reichman. Deanna L. Pagnini. ... 11. D. Strobino et al., "Mechanisms for Maternal Age Differences in Birth Weight," American Journal of Epidemiology, 142:504- ...
Pregnant and over age 35? Read up on what to expect during pregnancy, including the possible risks you may face during each leg ... Moms of all ages come in all shapes and sizes-but women of advanced maternal age are statistically more likely to be overweight ... The risk of genetic abnormalities in baby is higher in women of advanced maternal age. "Women dont make new eggs as they age, ... but it will likely take longer for women of advanced maternal age to get pregnant. "Fertility in women starts to decline at age ...
The risk of miscarriage was lowest in women aged 25-29 (10%), and rose rapidly after age 30, reaching 53% in women aged 45 and ... Paternal age and maternal age are risk factors for miscarriage; results of a multicentre European study. Hum Reprod2002;17:1649 ... We can show that maternal smoking does not contribute to the associations, but we lack information on paternal age, maternal ... at age 27, and then rising nearly linearly after the age of 30 to reach 54% at ages 45 and over (fig 2). The increased risk ...
RESULTS: Only a small proportion of children with poor development had mothers aged younger than 20 years at their birth (3.3 ... Young Maternal Age and Poor Child Development: Predictive Validity From a Birth Cohort. Catherine R. Chittleborough, Debbie A. ... Model discrimination was poor using maternal age only (area under the receiver operator characteristic curve ∼0.5 for all 3 ... Young Maternal Age and Poor Child Development: Predictive Validity From a Birth Cohort ...
Mothers also rated their child on 5-point scales "in comparison with other children his/her age" with regard to weight ("much ... Objective: To assess maternal concern about overweight in Australian preschool-aged children and factors predicting maternal ... Maternal concern and perceptions of overweight in Australian preschool-aged children. Michele W-C Campbell, Joanne Williams, ... Maternal concerns and perceptions. Box 2 summarises maternal responses regarding concern about their childs weight and ...
Alternate Text: The figure above shows birth rates among women aged 15-44 years, by maternal age group, in the United States ... QuickStats: Birth Rates* Among Women Aged 15-44 Years, by Maternal Age Group - National Vital Statistics System, United States ... The birth rate for women aged 25-29 years decreased 9% (to 107.2), and the rate for women aged 30-34 years decreased 6% (to ... The birth rate for women aged 25-29 years decreased 9% (to 107.2), and the rate for women aged 30-34 years decreased 6% (to ...
... system with aging from one age-group to the next. We derive formulae for the effective reproduction number ${\mathcal R}$ and ... We consider an age-structured epidemiological model that accounts for both passively acquired maternal antibodies that decay ... The model is a 6-dimensional system of partial differential equations (PDE). By assuming constant rates within each age-group, ... Computation of $\mathcal R $ in age-structured epidemiological models with maternal and temporary immunity. Zhilan Feng 1, , ...
... also exhibits a paternal age effect due to the paternal origin o ... are known to be associated with advanced paternal age, and it ... Mean maternal ages for survivors classified as having de novo germline mutations and sporadic Rb were similar (28.3 and 28.5, ... The modeling strategy evaluated effects of continuous increasing maternal and paternal age and 5-year age increases adjusted ... In contrast, maternal and paternal ages for familial Rb did not differ significantly from the weighted US general population ...
Advanced maternal age was defined as ≥32 years and a reference group of women aged 25-31 years was used for comparisons. The ... SJ McCall, M Nair, M Knight, Factors associated with maternal mortality at advanced maternal age: a population-based case- ... Associations between advanced maternal age and psychological distress in primiparous women, from early pregnancy to 18 months ... Objective To investigate if advanced maternal age at first birth increases the risk of psychological distress during pregnancy ...
The background risk for major birth defects for women of all ages is 3-5%. ... Woman is age 35 & above at expected date of delivery.. *As maternal age increases, risks of birth defects increase. *Women do ... Advanced maternal age begins at 35 years of age because a womans risk of having a child with a chromosomal difference at 35 is ... Handbook of Genetic Counseling/Trisomy 13 - Advanced Maternal Age - Occupational Exposures. From Wikibooks, open books for an ...
... by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2015, an estimated 18.3% experienced ... Prenatal Symptoms of Depression, by Maternal Age (California Only) (change indicator) View Prenatal Symptoms of Depression. ... Moved Due to Financial Problems, by Maternal Age (CA Only). *Moved Due to Financial Problems, by Prenatal Insurance Coverage ( ... Learn More About Maternal Emotional Health. Measures of Maternal Emotional Health on provides ...
... and the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1.5-5. ... Results: Maternal anxiety in the NICU was found to be a ... Early maternal anxiety predicts cognitive and behavioural outcomes of VLBW children at 24 months corrected age Acta Paediatr. ... Methods: A sample of 88 mothers and their VLBW infants were recruited in the NICU; 57 were followed at 24 months corrected age ... Aim: The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care ...
Aging in Diverse Contexts. *Inequality, Mobility, and Well-being. *Links Between Health and Social and Economic Productivity ... The Association between Maternal Glucose Concentration and Child BMI at Age 3 Years. Citation. Deierlein, Andrea L.; Siega-Riz ... OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the association between child BMI at age 3 years and maternal glucose ... The Association between Maternal Glucose Concentration and Child BMI at Age 3 Years ...
Geriatrics and Aging*Hematology*Immune System*Vaccines & Immunizations. *Kidneys and Urinary System*Male Reproductive*Low ... "This should put to rest discrepancies in previous studies showing that just maternal age or just paternal age are linked to ... Home Pregnancy and Childbirth UTHealth research: Both maternal and paternal age linked to autism ... it was hard to assess both maternal and fraternal age as joint risk factors, a problem called multicollinearity. He was able to ...
Hansen KR, Knowlton NS, Thyer AC, Charleston JS, Soules MR, Klein NA (2008). "A new model of reproductive aging: the decline in ... 1 in 1,383 At age 30, 1 in 959 At age 35, 1 in 338 At age 40, 1 in 84 At age 45, 1 in 32 Advanced maternal age is associated ... Advanced maternal age, in a broad sense, is the instance of a woman being of an older age at a stage of reproduction, although ... Finally, although older maternal age doesnt necessarily imply older paternal age, researchers have suggested links between ...
Myrskylä M, Elo IT, Kohler IV, Martikainen P (October 2014). "The association between advanced maternal and paternal ages and ... Maternal age effect Pregnancy over age 50 "paternal age effect". Retrieved 2015-05-28. Amaral, David; Dawson, Geraldine; ... which found that maternal age began to correlate with lower intelligence at a younger age than paternal age, however two other ... There is no similar relationship with maternal age. A second study also found a risk of schizophrenia in both fathers above age ...
... styles in a group of 60 mother-child dyads in which the children were aged 3, 4, and 5 years (20 dyads in each of the 3, 4, and ... Results indicated that there was a decrease with age in the proportion of maternal statements related to task-specific ... 5 year age groups). The mother-child pairs were filmed completing a model grocery store task in which they searched for 3 ... materials, particularly between the ages of 3 and 4. Mothers of 4-year-old children used proportionately more metacognitive ...
Posts about advanced maternal age written by Woman In Thrisis ... 30s adventure age aging Alarm clocks Anger anxiety beauty beer ... advanced maternal age Advanced Maternal Age. February 3, 2015. Woman In Thrisis 18 Comments ... advanced maternal ageagebabieschangechildbirthchildrenhumorinfertilitypregnancypregnant at 40worry ... A mother of "advanced maternal age" is what they call you when you find yourself with child over the age of 35, so its a ...
... higher maternal age does not have a negative effect on childrens health. Though it is still undeniable that advanced maternal ... higher maternal age does not have a negative effect on childrens health. Though it is still undeniable that advanced maternal ... A new study conducted by the German researchers suggests that children of advanced-aged mothers do not face a higher risk of ... A new study conducted by the German researchers suggests that children of advanced-aged mothers do not face a higher risk of ...
The number of total deliveries by such women represent a very small proportion of all births (although growing)*. Would aging ... are conceived by women over 35 years of age. ...
Infants were followed up at ages 6 (n = 2956) and 12 (n = 2872) months and atopic eczema ascertained (based on UK Working Party ... Findings were similar for maternal psychological distress preconception. Low maternal mood between delivery and 6 months post- ... OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of maternal stress/mood with atopic eczema in the offspring, focusing particularly on ... METHODS: At recruitment in the UK Southampton Womens Survey, preconception maternal reports of perceived stress in daily ...
... ages 15-34, male (% relevant age) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the ,a href= ... Sri Lanka - Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions, ... of relevant age group) in Sri Lanka was reported at 10.2 % in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development ... of-death-by-communicable-diseases-and-maternal-prenatal-and-nutrition-conditions-ages-15-34-male-percent-relevant-age-wb-data. ...
This effect persisted through 10 years of age even after school-age parenting and economic level. These findings have important ... Smith, K. E., Landry, S. H., & Swank, P. R. (2006). The role of early maternal responsiveness in supporting school-aged ... Smith, Karen E. ; Landry, Susan H. ; Swank, Paul R. / The role of early maternal responsiveness in supporting school-aged ... The role of early maternal responsiveness in supporting school-aged cognitive development for children who vary in birth status ...
A total of 110, 79, 76, and 73 children were followed up at ages 2, 5, 8, and 11, respectively. We evaluated the childrens ... Fetal and childhood exposure to phthalate diesters and cognitive function in children up to 12 years of age: Taiwanese maternal ... Fetal and childhood exposure to phthalate diesters and cognitive function in children up to 12 years of age: Taiwanese maternal ... Fetal and childhood exposure to phthalate diesters and cognitive function in children up to 12 years of age: Taiwanese maternal ...
... advanced maternal age wasnt properly conveying how old the uterus you just put a baby in is. ... "Advanced Maternal Aged" replaced the term "Geriatric Pregnancy" but it looks like its making a comeback. I had my first baby ... Well now it seems an old term is making a comeback in case "advanced maternal age" wasnt properly conveying how old the uterus ... Advanced Maternal Age Wasnt Making Us Feel Sh*tty Enough, So Its Geriatric Pregnancy Now. ...
The Maternal Myth: Birth, Breastfeeding, Mothering MIDDLE AGE 10. Home and Road: Carols Change in The Walking Dead 11. Age ... but for audiences of all ages. ... middle age, and old age. Since the turn of the millennium, we ... Old Witch and New Woman: Re-Authoring the Old Age Stereotype Notes Bibliography Filmography Index ... and middle-age women are now protagonists with Carol in The Walking Dead (2010-) and Jessica Langes characters in American ...
Maternal sensitivity at 18 months predicted expressive language growth from age 2 to 3 years among children with emergent ASD ... He would only continue to degenerate between the ages of 2 and 3 and I was lucky I brought him there to bring to my attention ... From the abstract, Maternal sensitivity at 18 months predicted expressive language growth from age 2 to 3 years among children ... Their conclusion, Maternal sensitivity at 18 months predicted expressive language growth from age 2 to 3 years among children ...
Maternal age and the size of White, Black, Hispanic, and mixed infants. Sheeder J, Lezottte D, Stevens-Simon C. Sheeder J, et ... Middle Aged + Aged: 45+ years * Middle Aged: 45-64 years * Aged: 65+ years ...
We consider an age-structured epidemiological model that accounts for both passively acquired maternal antibodies that decay ... system with aging from one age-group to the next. We derive formulae for the effective reproduction number ${\mathcal R}$ and ... Computation of $\\mathcal R $ in age-structured epidemiological models with maternal and temporary immunity. Discrete & ... Computation of $\mathcal R $ in age-structured epidemiological models with maternal and temporary immunity ...
Examples include infant and maternal nutrition, healthy aging, personalized nutrition, and understanding the microbiome. ... Nutriboost Kids is targeted at children above three years of age, with each of its products being fortified with different ... The demographic change to an aging population:. has been accompanied by a growth in the number of marketers who prey on this ... Consumers searching to prevent or treat age-related memory loss, including Alzheimers disease, have increasingly turned to ...
Maternal support in early childhood predicts larger hippocampal volumes at school age. Proceedings of the National Academy of ... links between high levels of early responsive parenting and larger hippocampal volumes for normally developing preschool aged ... Maternal responsiveness and cognitive development in children. In: Bornstein MH, ed. Maternal responsiveness: Characteristics ... Impact of community mentors on maternal behaviors and child outcomes. Journal of Early Intervention 2006; 28(2):111-124. ...
Maternal medical conditions during pregnancy and gross motor development up to age 24 months in the Upstate KIDS study. ... Middle Aged + Aged: 45+ years * Middle Aged: 45-64 years * Aged: 65+ years ...
She began performing publicly at the age of seven and adopted her maternal grandmother Margarets maiden name "Lynn" as her ... Vera Lynn died on 18 June 2020 at her home in East Sussex aged 103.[114][115] Tributes to Lynn were led by the Royal Family, ... In 2009, at the age of 92, she became the oldest living artist to top the UK Albums Chart with the compilation album Well Meet ... In September 2009, at the age of 92, Lynn became the oldest living artist to make it to No. 1 in the British album chart.[63] ...
Chromosome cohesion decreases in human eggs with advanced maternal age.. Aging Cell. 2012 Jul 23; ... Chromosome cohesion decreases in human eggs with advanced maternal age. Related Articles. ...
After being orphaned at the age of 7, Bhai Jetha grew up living with his maternal grandmother. At the age of 12, Bhai Jetha met ... When the aged son of Guru Nanak Dev ji, Baba Sri Chand, who had chosen to become an ascetic (Baba Sri Chand was the founder the ... When he was of 7 Years his father died so her maternal grandmother took him to Basarke, near Amritsar. Jetha continued to ... The Lord, the One Lord, is pervading throughout all the ages; I humbly bow down to Him. ,,1,,Pause,, ...
Also of concern are the high rates of STIs including HIV among this age group. Youth aged 15 - 24 account for 60% of the new ... Early childbearing at this age is associated with a heightened risk of maternal mortality and morbidity. ... The age-specific fertility rate for 15-19 year old women has declined from 144 births per 1,000 women in the early 1990s to 116 ... Maternal, Newborn, Child Health and Sexual and Reproductive Health, World Health Organization, P.O. Box 9292, Dar es Salaam, ...
My maternal Grandfather came to the U.S. at age 11, alone. He began in the linen trade on the lower East Side of Manhattan and ... As the generation of the Depression aged, those memories of the "hard times" remained vivid. Those memories were passed onto ... How would you like to be held responsible at your present age for the actions of the people you lived with when you were a kid ... My husbands father was on his own at age 9 when he crossed the river to enter Iran to escape the Bolshevick revolution. If you ...
So the patients were looking at are those with poor ovarian reserve, who are often at an older maternal age," she said. "So if ... All were aged over 38 and their reproductive history and ovarian reserve tests predicted a low response to ovarian stimulation ... There is little to be done about egg quality, which deteriorates with patient age, and this is why research approaches have ... "But we also need to consider the most relevant marker of prognosis, patient age. ...
Young adults ages 20-24 consistently have the highest death rate (64.8 per 100,000 in 2014-16) when compared with other age ... Maternal and Child Health Digital Library. * Child Welfare Information Gateway. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, ... Definition: Number of firearm-related deaths among children and youth ages 0-24, by age group and cause (e.g., there were 168 ... Rates of death among children and youth, by age, by age and cause* (California and U.S. only), by race/ethnicity, and by race/ ...
MILK CONSUMPTION IN INFANTS UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE AND VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH NON-MATERNAL MILK CONSUMPTION. Rev Paul Pediatr ... Donovan SM, Rao G. Health benefits of yogurt among infants and toddlers aged 4 to 24 months: a systematic review. Nutr Rev. ... At whatever age you choose to start yogurt, be selective about your choice. Serve a whole milk yogurt, because your baby needs ... When to give babies dairy products can be confusing because yogurt (and cheese) is okay before one year of age, but milk is not ...
Milkies research helps to reshape cultural frames regarding maternal time and childrens well being ... Two types of maternal time, engaged and accessible, are examined. At younger ages (3-11), the amount of maternal time matters ... Advanced School Progression Relative to Age and Early Family Formation in Mexico ... Methodological Issues in Maternal Mortality Research * How combined exposure to environmental and social stressors affects ...
It has become common knowledge that a womans fertility decreases at the age of 35. However, it is not just women who have ... Hummel and Kettel remind worried couples of the positive sides of the so called "Advanced Maternal Age". Women over 35 can ... Aging and Infertility. *Prediction of Fertility Potential. *Fertility Resources*Other Fertility Resources*Psychological ... Magic Number 35 , Age and fertility. Posted on September 1st, 2003. It has become common knowledge that a womans fertility ...
... and early maternal care in the prediction of disorganized attachment at 36 months of age. Development and Psychopathology, 27, ... The studies examine processes across a wide range of ages and developmental periods; they include genetic as well as ... Maternal alcohol dependence and harsh caregiving across parenting contexts: The moderating role of child negative emotionality ... The association of temperament and maternal empathy with individual differences in infants neural responses to emotional body ...
This is often associated with older maternal age, when the ovaries store of follicles is beginning to run out. The tell-tale ... All Ages Natural Cycle. Clinical pregnancy rate (n=49 Cycles). February 2017 - January 2018 ... All children born as a result of donor eggs in the UK have the right at the age of 18 to know the donors identity. ...
They identify that smoking during pregnancy and young maternal age may contribute to the risk - and according to the January ... Learn how to spot it—and how to protect children of all ages from bullies at school. ...
2014). Persistent Associations between Maternal Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates on Child IQ at Age 7 Years. PLoS ONE. 9(12), ... IQ tests were given to the children at age 7.. Childrens IQ scores were negatively associated with higher maternal phthalate ... Factors such as maternal IQ, maternal education, and quality of the home environment, were controlled for in the analysis. The ... Following a previous study linking higher maternal levels of two common chemicals with slower mental and motor development in ...
  • Extremes of maternal age are associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy. (
  • Maternal Youth and Pregnancy Outcomes: Middle School versus High School Age Groups Compared to Women beyond the Teen Years. (
  • Although these current practices align with national targets (81.9% and 25.5%, respectively) [ 1 ], present disparities minimize the protective effects of breastfeeding on maternal and infant health outcomes. (
  • The seemingly poorer birth outcomes of teenage mothers appear to result largely from their adverse socioeconomic circumstances, not from young maternal age per se. (
  • Research has documented that teenage mothers are at high risk for poor birth outcomes: Babies born to teenagers are more likely than those born to women in their 20s to be born early, to weigh less than 2,500 g at birth or to die before age one. (
  • Further research suggests that these risks vary by age even among teenage mothers, with those younger than 15 having the worst outcomes. (
  • Teenagers are not the only age-group at high risk for poor birth outcomes, but they have received the most public attention. (
  • On the other end of the age spectrum, while women who give birth relatively late in their reproductive lives have fewer socioeconomic disadvantages than teenagers, they nonetheless share increased risks for poor birth outcomes. (
  • Advanced maternal age continues to be associated with a range of adverse pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight, pre-term birth, stillbirth, unexplained fetal death, and increased rates of Caesarean section. (
  • Conclusions The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with maternal age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is also increased after some adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • We aimed to examine the ability of mother's age, and other factors measured during pregnancy (education, financial difficulties, partner status, smoking, and depression), to predict child development outcomes up to age 5 years. (
  • Model discrimination was poor using maternal age only (area under the receiver operator characteristic curve ∼0.5 for all 3 outcomes). (
  • Child cognitive and behavioural outcomes were evaluated using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (II) and the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1.5-5. (
  • There were no significant differences in mean age of menarche between mothers of children with and without each of the primary outcomes. (
  • Further evidence of an effect of age of menarche on atopic outcomes came from a large epidemiological study in Denmark in which early onset menarche was associated with an increased risk of allergic rhinitis in adult women. (
  • Infant outcomes in the study will be measured with gestational age and birthweight. (
  • In addition to develop a modified TaiChi exercise program suitable for pregnant women, the study anticipates that maternal stress, fatigue, and poor sleep quality can predict infant outcomes through immunologic pathway, and the modified TaiChi exercise can reduce maternal stress and fatigue, improve sleep quality, modulate biomarkers, and hence prevent adverse infant outcomes. (
  • This is a retrospective cohort study on maternal and neonatal outcomes of the twin pregnancies of 57 women aged ≥45 years compared to 114 younger women who gave birth in our institution between January 2011 and August 2015. (
  • We conclude that women older than 45 years with twin pregnancies have higher maternal and perinatal complications with worse outcomes in comparison with younger women. (
  • This past year, our group at the Center for Women's Mental Health collaborated with Dr. Charles Nelson at Boston Children's Hospital after being awarded a NARSAD grant to study the long term neurobehavioral outcomes for children ages 6 to 17 born to bipolar mothers who were followed during their pregnancies in a previous study. (
  • Objectives: To evaluate the associations between maternal age and obstetric and neonatal outcomes in primiparous women with emphasis on teenagers and older women. (
  • Women with advancing age (greater than= 30 years) revealed significantly increased risk of prematurity, perineal lacerations, preeclampsia, abruption, placenta previa, postpartum haemorrhage and unfavourable neonatal outcomes compared with the reference group. (
  • Conclusions: For clinicians counselling young women it is of importance to highlight the obstetrically positive consequences that fewer maternal complications and favourable neonatal outcomes are expected. (
  • The results imply that there is a need for individualising antenatal surveillance programmes and obstetric care based on age grouping in order to attempt to improve the outcomes in the age groups with less favourable obstetric and neonatal outcomes. (
  • Gestational age was more strongly associated with adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes than maternal age, but the difference was non‐significant. (
  • Further research is needed to understand the determinants and management of dysfunctional labor in older women to help design strategies for reducing population cesarean delivery rates without adversely affecting maternal and infant outcomes. (
  • Advanced maternal age at birth is considered a major risk factor for birth outcomes. (
  • Advanced maternal age is associated with a marked elevation in the risk of different pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Evidence exists that maternal depression in the perinatal period has an adverse effect on a range of early childhood outcomes and increases the risk of offspring depression during adolescence. (
  • We used biprobit regression to model the association between maternal antenatal depression and the two offspring outcomes (psychotic experiences and depression) at 18 years of age jointly.3067 offspring for whom data were available on maternal perinatal depression and offspring psychotic experiences aged 18 years were included in analyses. (
  • Maternal age at conception and reproductive history (parity and reproductive outcomes in the past 10 years). (
  • The analysis for the combined effect of maternal age and reproductive history on fetal death was limited to reproductive outcomes between 1988 and 1992. (
  • In addition, our approach that utilizes the genetic score derived from the nontransmitted maternal haplotype as a genetic instrument is a novel extension to the Mendelian randomization methodology in casual inference between parental phenotype (or exposure) and outcomes in offspring. (
  • The perinatal mortality rate progressively increased from 25/1000 at age 17 ro 19 years to 69/1000 after age 39. (
  • If a woman is thinking of getting pregnant and is over the age of 35, and particularly if she has underlying health issues, it's prudent to seek medical counseling prior to getting pregnant to optimize her health," says Kecia Gaither , MD, MPH, FACOG, a maternal fetal medicine specialist and director of perinatal services at NYC Health +Hospitals/ Lincoln. (
  • The number one factor is really health," says Kecia Gaither, M.D., maternal fetal medicine specialist and director of perinatal outreach at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. (
  • Women aged ≥40, have an increased risk of adverse perinatal and maternal outcome when pregnancy goes beyond 41 weeks. (
  • Maternal perinatal depressive symptoms and offspring psychotic experiences at 18 years of age: a longitudinal study. (
  • However, the association between maternal depression during the perinatal period and offspring psychotic experiences has not been investigated. (
  • Offspring of mothers with complete data on maternal perinatal depression measures, and complete data on outcome (psychotic experiences) and confounding variables were included in the main analysis. (
  • From joint modelling, there was no evidence that the association between maternal antenatal depression and offspring psychotic experiences differed in strength compared with offspring depression (p=0·19).The offspring of mothers who experience depression in the perinatal period are more likely to report psychotic experiences at 18 years of age. (
  • Maternal age, obstetric complications, and the outcome of pregnancy. (
  • Data from 44,386 pregnancies were analyzed to determine if advancing maternal age influences frequency or outcome of antenatal disorders. (
  • The research on the relationship between maternal age and birth outcome has left important gaps, however. (
  • Main outcome measure Risk of miscarriage according to the woman's age and pregnancy history estimated by logistic regression. (
  • This study focused on changes in demographic, social, and health-care patterns and pregnancy outcome related to maternal age from 1978-79 to 1994 in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. (
  • However, despite these demographic changes, there is little information on how changes in social variables like maternal education, marital status, and pregnancy outcome were involved in the process. (
  • ConclusionsThe risk of adverse pregnancy outcome increases with advancing maternal age. (
  • 1) Characterize the association between maternal age and the outcome of labor. (
  • The main outcome measure was obesity (BMI for age and sex ≥ 95th percentile) at 5 years of age. (
  • Disparities in breastfeeding practices have been shown for numerous factors including maternal age. (
  • Childbearing age continues to rise and, with the increasing implementation of assisted reproductive technology (ART), the number of multiple pregnancies has also risen. (
  • Despite significant improvements in some maternal characteristics, the proportion of teenage pregnancies, preterm deliveries, low birthweight, and cesareans increased, raising concerns about the health costs and consequences for mothers and infants. (
  • ConclusionsIn maternal type 1 diabetes pregnancies, fetal cardiovascular hemodynamics is impaired. (
  • Their analysis showed a linear association between the risk of having a cesarean section and advancing maternal age in first pregnancies. (
  • This may be one of the reasons behind an increase in miscarriages, trisomic pregnancies and infertility with advanced maternal age. (
  • 634 272 women who were 12 to ≥ 45 years of age and had 1 221 546 pregnancies between 1978 and 1992. (
  • A woman's risk of having a baby with chromosomal abnormalities increases with her age. (
  • The risk of the mother dying before the child becomes an adult increases by more advanced maternal age, such as can be demonstrated by the following data from France in 2007: The above table is not to be confused with maternal mortality. (
  • Many people assume women over 35 commonly get pregnant with twins thanks to IVF treatments, but the surprising truth is that your likelihood of naturally conceiving multiples increases with age. (
  • As your age increases, so do the general health risks to you and baby during pregnancy. (
  • As women age, the likelihood of having a multitude of medical conditions like hypertension and diabetes goes up, and that is why the risk of potential pregnancy complications increases. (
  • The modeling strategy evaluated effects of continuous increasing maternal and paternal age and 5-year age increases adjusted for the age of the other parent. (
  • Objective To investigate if advanced maternal age at first birth increases the risk of psychological distress during pregnancy at 17 and 30 weeks of gestation and at 6 and 18 months after birth. (
  • As maternal age increases, risks of birth defects increase. (
  • As women age, their risk of having a child with a chromosomal difference increases. (
  • Maternal choline supplementation improves spatial mapping and increases basal forebrain cholinergic neuron number and size in aged Ts65Dn mice. (
  • The results of this study showed that the number of infants with LBW increases with increasing mother's age. (
  • In between-family models, when compared with maternal ages 25-29, maternal ages 35-39 and 40 and above are associated with 1.1 percentage point (95% CI: 0.8,1.4) and 2.2 percentage point (95% CI: 1.4,2.9) increases, respectively, in the probability of LBW. (
  • Together, our data reveal multiple age-related changes in chromosome architecture that could explain why oocyte aneuploidy increases with advanced maternal age. (
  • This occurs because age increases the chances that a woman's egg cells will have the wrong number of chromosomes. (
  • The positive effect of maternal support on hippocampal volumes was greater in nondepressed children. (
  • Here we characterized the glucose-insulin axis in the first trimester of human pregnancy and assessed the effect of maternal obesity and fat mass.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, maternal blood samples (N = 323) were collected during voluntary pregnancy termination (gestational age 4+0-11+6 weeks) after overnight fasting. (
  • Consequently, the study shows only the tip of the iceberg with respect to the true effect of maternal age on obstetric problems. (
  • To address this knowledge gap, we tested the hypothesis that maternal PlGF, a biomarker of placental function, may be associated with neonatal metabolic health profile in SGA infants, as indicated by cord blood concentrations of insulin, proinsulin, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), leptin, and high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin. (
  • The present study tested the hypothesis that maternal choline supplementation (MCS) improves spatial mapping and protects against BFCN degeneration in the Ts65Dn mouse model of DS and AD. (
  • The risk of miscarriage was slightly higher in women who themselves had been small for gestational age (1.08, 1.04 to 1.13). (
  • Implantation rate was defined as the percentage of fetal heart beat among total transferred embryos at 12 weeks' gestational age. (
  • Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. (
  • Downregulated expression of PlGF may cause placental vascular insufficiency, resulting in placental dysfunctional complications including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, or its surrogate indicator, small for gestational age (SGA) ( 5 - 10 ). (
  • Background: Observational epidemiological studies indicate that maternal height is associated with gestational age at birth and fetal growth measures (i.e., shorter mothers deliver infants at earlier gestational ages with lower birth weight and birth length). (
  • This study aimed to investigate the casual relationships behind the strong association of maternal height with fetal growth measures (i.e., birth length and birth weight) and gestational age by a Mendelian randomization approach. (
  • In observational analysis, maternal height was significantly associated with birth length (p = 6.31 × 10−9), birth weight (p = 2.19 × 10−15), and gestational age (p = 1.51 × 10−7). (
  • In contrast, gestational age was significantly associated with the nontransmitted haplotype score (p = 0.0424) and demonstrated a significant (p = 0.0234) causal effect of every 1 cm increase in maternal height resulting in ~0.4 more gestational d. (
  • In contrast, the association between maternal height and gestational age is more likely to be causal. (
  • Results Women of advanced age had slightly higher scores of psychological distress over the period than the reference group, also after controlling for obstetric and infant variables. (
  • The mechanisms that lead to an increase in aneuploidy with advanced maternal age are largely unclear. (
  • Participants: Primiparous women with singleton births from 1992 through 2010 (N=798 674) were divided into seven age groups: less than17 years, 17-19 years and an additional five 5-year classes. (
  • Gaulden ME (1992) Maternal age effect: the enigma of Down syndrome and other trisomic conditions. (
  • We aimed to investigate whether there is an association between maternal antenatal or postnatal depression and offspring psychotic experiences at 18 years of age.This longitudinal study used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a prospective birth cohort, which recruited 14 541 pregnant women with an estimated delivery date between April 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 1992. (
  • In addition, the aging of the developing eggs in the ovary is associated with an increased risk for spontaneous miscarriage and the birth of infants with chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome and Edwards syndrome . (
  • When the infants were 24 months corrected age, mother-child interaction was videotaped during free play at home. (
  • 10th percentile) and 161 optimal birth weight (25th-75th percentiles) control infants in the 3D (design, develop and discover) birth cohort in Canada, we assessed whether maternal circulating placental growth factor (PlGF), a biomarker of placental function, is associated with metabolic health biomarkers in SGA infants. (
  • 25th percentile) and normal maternal PlGF concentrations, cord plasma IGF-I and leptin concentrations were lower than control infants, but the decreases were to a greater extent in SGA infants with low maternal PlGF. (
  • Cord blood leptin levels were lower comparing SGA infants with low vs. normal maternal PlGF levels ( P = 0.01). (
  • SGA infants with low maternal circulating PlGF levels at late gestation were characterized by greater decreases in cord blood IGF-I and leptin concentrations. (
  • Maternal circulating PlGF appears to be associated with neonatal metabolic health profile in SGA infants. (
  • In a recent study, Santucci and colleagues (2017) recruited 197 mother-infant dyads over the course of five years, which included 116 control infants born to mothers without bipolar disorder, 27 infants with exposure to maternal bipolar disorder but no psychotropic drug exposure (BD-), and 54 infants with exposure to maternal bipolar disorder and psychotropic drug exposure (BD+). (
  • Infants were assessed with the Bayley Scale of Infant Development, Second Edition (BSID-II) at 12, 26, and 52 weeks of age. (
  • However, when comparing the BD+ and BD- groups, the BD+ infants at one year of age were less likely than BD- infants to score above the 75th percentile (11.5% vs. 40%) on the Motor Quality Index (a subset of the Bayley Scale). (
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of overweight or obese infants and young children under the age of five years increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 42 million in 2013 (2). (
  • This study was conducted to determine the relationship between maternal age during pregnancy and maternal hematological parameters and anthropometric status in neonatal. (
  • Of course, problems don't suddenly set in the moment you turn a certain age-rather, the likelihood of complications grows incrementally as women get older, he explains. (
  • Pregnant women who had low socioeconomic status during childhood and who have poor family social support appear to prematurely age on a cellular level, potentially raising the risk for complications, a new study has found. (
  • In the U.S., the average age of first childbirth was 26.9 in 2018. (
  • In the USA, the average age at which women bore their first child advanced from 21.4 years old in 1970 to 26.9 in 2018. (
  • We built two sets of nested logistic regression models to detect an increased odds of the de novo germline mutation classification related to older parental age compared to sporadic and familial Rb classifications. (
  • Logistic regression analyses based on generalised estimation equations were used to investigate associations between advanced maternal age and psychological distress. (
  • For the main analysis, we used logistic regression to examine the associations between maternal depression (antenatal and postnatal) and offspring psychotic experiences at the age of 18 years. (
  • Other recent studies that analyzed the effects of young maternal age tended to compare teenagers to women in their 20s only, and either ignored older women or grouped them all together. (
  • Even if programs targeted at teen-aged mothers are successful in improving child development, they will have little impact on population levels of poor child development if young maternal age is the sole or main means of identifying eligibility for the program. (
  • This study examined the relationship between prepregnancy depression and breastfeeding duration by maternal age. (
  • For women aged 20-24, 25-29, and 30-34 years with prepregnancy depression, the odds of never breastfeeding and breastfeeding 8 weeks or less were significantly higher than in women with no history of prepregnancy depression. (
  • Notably, among women aged 25-29 with prepregnancy depression, the odds of never breastfeeding and breastfeeding 8 weeks or less were 93% (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.93, 95% CI =1.57-2.37) and 65% (AOR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.37-1.99) higher compared to women with no history of prepregnancy depression, respectively. (
  • RESULTS: The mean (SD) maternal glucose concentration and prepregnancy BMI were 103.8 (23.7) mg/dL and 24.3 (5.9) kg/m(2), respectively. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fetal exposure to high maternal glucose concentration in the absence of pre-existing diabetes or GDM may contribute to the development of overweight/obesity in the offspring, independent of maternal prepregnancy BMI. (
  • Maternal prepregnancy BMI, birth weight, and maternal smoking were associated with the child being overweight 1-12 cigarettes/day versus 0 cigarettes/day (RR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.02-1.91). (
  • All women should be offered prenatal diagnosis, regardless of maternal age," says Dr. Dolan in keeping with recent ACOG recommendations. (
  • Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who for a period of two weeks or longer during pregnancy felt sad, empty or depressed for most of the day and lost interest in most things they usually enjoyed, by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2015, an estimated 18.3% experienced prenatal symptoms of depression). (
  • Data are available at the county level for prenatal and postpartum symptoms of depression overall, and at the state level by family income level, maternal age, prenatal health insurance coverage, and race/ethnicity. (
  • Maternal age at menarche was assessed from prenatal questionnaires administered to the women. (
  • Mongolia - Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions, ages 35-59, male (% relevant age) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on August of 2020. (
  • Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting. (
  • The relationship between prenatal age of mothers and infant's anthropometric indices were calculated using the Pearson correlation coefficient. (
  • 35 years, with rates for women aged 20-24 years (85.3 per 1,000 population) and those aged 15-19 years (31.3) reaching historic lows. (
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the association between child BMI at age 3 years and maternal glucose concentration among women without pre-existing diabetes or a gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosis. (
  • Background and objective: The maternal glucose-insulin axis is central for metabolic adaptations required for a healthy pregnancy. (
  • Our objective was to evaluate whether advanced maternal age is independently associated with an increased risk of childhood cancers in the offspring. (
  • Objective To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. (
  • The effects of maternal age on low birth weight, newborns' hospital costs and infant mortality were estimated based on individual 1989 and 1990 vital statistics records from New Jersey that were linked with uniform billing hospital discharge records. (
  • The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on the child's cognitive and behavioural development at 24 months corrected age. (
  • We investigated the association of maternal age at delivery with adult offspring's lung function, respiratory symptoms and asthma, and potential differences according to offspring sex. (
  • T he prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian preschool-aged children has doubled in the past 10-15 years and is continuing to rise. (
  • To identify maternal and early childhood risk factors for obesity and overweight among children at age 5 in the state of Alabama. (
  • This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity in those aged six to eight years and to investigate maternal perception of child weight. (
  • A factor often overlooked, but which nevertheless plays a definitive role in children's weight, eating habits and physical activity, is maternal perception of overweight and obesity and its influences (13). (
  • Reports show that younger women (less than 20 years of age) have decreased initiation or shorter durations of breastfeeding compared to their older counterparts [ 4 - 8 ]. (
  • In many industrialized countries, unintentional injuries represent the leading cause of death for youth less than 20 years of age. (
  • Age at the time of delivery of less than sixteen years or greater than thirty-five years meets the criteria for this definition. (
  • Sclerotic lesions in the myometrial arteries are a possible cause of underperfusion because the proportion of arteries with these lesions increased from 11% at age 17 to 19 years to 83% after age 39. (
  • In the United States, major depressive disorder affects one in five women aged 20-40 years. (
  • During these childbearing years, depression can negatively impact maternal behaviors that are crucial for infant growth and development. (
  • According to Henri Leridon, PhD, an epidemiologist with the French Institute of Health and Medical Research, of women trying to get pregnant, without using fertility drugs or in vitro fertilization: At age 30 75% will have a conception ending in a live birth within one year 91% will have a conception ending in a live birth within four years. (
  • At age 35 66% will have a conception ending in a live birth within one year 84% will have a conception ending in a live birth within four years. (
  • The average maternal age has increased steadily for the past many years - and that is actually not so bad. (
  • Only a small proportion of children with poor development had mothers aged younger than 20 years at their birth (3.3%, 6.4%, and 9.2%, for the ADS, SDQ, and SEA, respectively). (
  • During 1961-2011, birth rates decreased for all women aged 15-44 years. (
  • The birth rate for women aged 25-29 years decreased 9% (to 107.2), and the rate for women aged 30-34 years decreased 6% (to 96.5). (
  • The birth rate for women aged 35-39 years was unchanged (47.2), and the rate for women aged 40-44 years increased 10% (to 10.3). (
  • The figure above shows birth rates among women aged 15-44 years, by maternal age group, in the United States during 1961, 2007, and 2011. (
  • In women aged 27 to 34 years, the probability was approximately 40 percent. (
  • As we get closer to 40, the ticking becomes louder and by 45, it can be deafening," says Sheryl Ross, M.D., ob-gyn and women's health expert at Providence Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, Calif. "Fertility decreases by as much as 95 percent in women between 40 and 45 years of age. (
  • At 35 years of age the risk of having a baby with chromosomal abnormalities is 1 in 204, at 37 years 1 in 130, at 39 1 in 81, and going as high as 1 in 39 at 42 years of maternal age," she says. (
  • Dr. Ross says, "The truth is advanced maternal age is over 35 years. (
  • Advanced maternal age was defined as ≥32 years and a reference group of women aged 25-31 years was used for comparisons. (
  • Conclusion Women of 32 years and beyond had slightly increased risk of psychological distress during pregnancy and the first 18 months of motherhood compared with women aged 25-31 years. (
  • Advanced maternal age begins at 35 years of age because a woman's risk of having a child with a chromosomal difference at 35 is equal to the risk of having a miscarriage via an amniocentesis (both risks are equal to 1 in 200). (
  • Measured weights and heights at 3 years were used to calculate age- and sex-specific BMI z scores and percentiles. (
  • The corresponding age difference for fathers was 5.9 years. (
  • MIHA surveys postpartum women (15 years and older) who delivered a live birth about their own childhood hardships prior to age 14. (
  • A study was undertaken to examine the association between early onset menarche in pregnant women and asthma and atopic status of their children at 7 years of age. (
  • The atopic status of the child was objectively assessed by skin prick tests to a panel of common aeroallergens at the age of 7 years. (
  • 7, 8 Xu et al have demonstrated in a Finnish birth cohort that early age of maternal menarche, a surrogate marker for persistently raised levels of oestrogen, was associated with a higher prevalence of atopy among their offspring at the age of 31 years. (
  • Objectives -This study examines gender and age differences in maternal reports of injuries in a cross sectional group of children aged 0-11 years. (
  • 10 692 adults from 13 countries participating in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) II responded to standardised interviews and provided lung function measurements and serum for IgE measurements at age 25-55 years. (
  • Asthma (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.79-0.92) and respiratory symptoms (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.82-0.92) decreased with increasing maternal age (per 5 years) in females, but not in males (p interaction 0.05 and 0.001, respectively). (
  • During the last 15 years in Ribeirão Preto, one of the most highly developed areas in Latin America, situated in southeast Brazil, official data showed a 39.7% decrease in the birth rate and a 46.7% drop in the fertility rate, despite a 40.1% increase in the proportion of childbearing-age women (SEADE, 1996). (
  • The reference group consisted of the women aged 25-29 years. (
  • In this study, 32 mothers aged 35 years and older (case group) and 292 mothers aged 20-35 years (control group) were examined. (
  • The comparison group consisted of parturients aged 20-34 years. (
  • All hospitalizations of offspring up to the age of 18 years involving malignant morbidity were compared between the groups. (
  • Advanced maternal age does not appear to raise the risk for future malignancy in the offspring up to the age 18 years. (
  • Jolly M, Sebire N, Harris J, Robinson S, Regan L (2000) The risks associated with pregnancy in women aged 35 years or older. (
  • offspring psychotic experiences at 18 years of age were measured using the Psychosis-Like Symptom Interview. (
  • Maternal antenatal depressive symptoms were associated with offspring psychotic experiences at 18 years of age, with an unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1·38 (95% CI 1·18-1·61, p=0·0001) and after adjustment for confounders, an OR of 1·26 (1·06-1·49, p=0·0074). (
  • Most studies on anemia have been performed in developing countries and have focused on certain groups, such as children younger than 5 years of age. (
  • We followed their children from birth until 5 years of age. (
  • Historically, there has been great interest in the field of intelligence research to determine environmental influences on the development of cognitive functioning, in particular, fluid intelligence, as defined by its stabilization at 16 years of age. (
  • by age forty-five this risk has increased dramatically to 1 in 30. (
  • Of critical importance to the study of risk for psychopathology, animal models have elucidated the mechanisms by which maternal nurturance, a uniquely powerful form of early enrichment, promotes adaptive programming of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress response and hippocampal development ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • Advanced maternal age is associated with adverse reproductive effects such as increased risk of infertility, and that the children have chromosomal abnormalities. (
  • A woman's fertility peaks lasts during the twenties and first half of thirties, after which it starts to decline, with advanced maternal age causing an increased risk of female infertility. (
  • The risk of genetic abnormalities in baby is higher in women of advanced maternal age. (
  • The risk of miscarriage was lowest in women aged 25-29 (10%), and rose rapidly after age 30, reaching 53% in women aged 45 and over. (
  • There was a strong recurrence risk of miscarriage, with age adjusted odds ratios of 1.54 (95% confidence interval 1.48 to 1.60) after one miscarriage, 2.21 (2.03 to 2.41) after two, and 3.97 (3.29 to 4.78) after three consecutive miscarriages. (
  • 10 Maternal age is the strongest known risk factor. (
  • That's right: age is, well, just a number when it comes to understanding a woman's risk factors during pregnancy . (
  • Dr. Mercado-Medina notes the risk for spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, stillbirth, and chromosomal abnormalities like Down Syndrome all increase with age. (
  • It used to be that the risk of a woman at age 35 having a baby with Down syndrome equaled the risk of her suffering a miscarriage during amniocentesis. (
  • In fact, that is where the age of 35 being considered high risk originated from, according to Dr. Dolan. (
  • But now, using the guidance of ultrasound, the risk of miscarriage during an amnio is somewhere around 1 in 500, making that "magic age" obsolete. (
  • To further our understanding of the association of parental age and risk of de novo germline RB1 mutations, we evaluated the effect of parental age in a cohort of Rb survivors in the United States. (
  • With no history of depression, women of advanced age were not at higher risk. (
  • In previous studies, Rahbar said that because of the statistical models used, it was hard to assess both maternal and fraternal age as joint risk factors, a problem called multicollinearity. (
  • 2006). However, there is lack of consensus in the literature regarding at what age this risk becomes significant (Carolan & Fankowska, 2011). (
  • For maternal reports of childhood injuries, single marital status is a risk factor for boys. (
  • The third and the final risk phase is the maturation of oocyte which is associated with the adverse effect of advancing maternal age on protein components involved in chromosome separation system and rapidly deteriorating endocrine environments. (
  • However, it remains unclear why the risk of having cesarean section is associated with advancing maternal age. (
  • In Finland, advanced maternal age is not independently associated with the risk of LBW and preterm birth among mothers who have at least two live births. (
  • Fretts RC, Schmittdiel J, McLean FH, Usher RH, Goldman MB (1995) Increased maternal age and the risk of fetal death. (
  • Maternal infection is a risk factor for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia (SZ). (
  • Indeed, modeling this risk factor in mice through maternal immune activation (MIA) causes ASD- and SZ-like neuropathologies and behaviors in the offspring. (
  • In pregnant women, what is the extent of risk from maternal age for fetal death (spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, or stillbirth)? (
  • Age-related risk for spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, and stillbirth. (
  • The overall risk for spontaneous abortion was 10.9%, and the risk varied according to maternal age (8.7% for 22 y of age to 84.1% for ≥ 48 y of age). (
  • The association between maternal age and risk for spontaneous abortion was not confounded by calendar year or maternal birth cohort, and it remained when stratified by parity status and number of previous spontaneous abortions. (
  • An association was seen between increasing maternal age and a higher risk for spontaneous abortion. (
  • Accumulation of other risk factors with increasing age (i.e., those impairing tubal function) might also explain the association ( 2 ). (
  • We investigated the relationship among socioeconomic status factors, the risk of anemia, and iron deficiency among school-aged children in Korea. (
  • As a contributor to socioeconomic status, maternal education is important in reducing the risk of anemia and iron deficiency and in increasing children's consumption of animal food sources. (
  • Among participants who completed the 2-year questionnaire and had complete mental health data (n=1146), 305 women (27%) were classified as high maternal mental health risk. (
  • Primary measures Child development at age 2 was described and a resilience analysis was performed among a subgroup of families at maternal mental health risk. (
  • Protective factors were identified among families at risk, defined as maternal mental health risk, a composite measure created from participants' responses to mental health life course questions and standardised mental health measures. (
  • There is a great deal of debate, however, about whether these consequences are due to maternal age per se, or whether they are caused by the adverse economic and social circumstances of teenagers who become mothers. (
  • NSCH uses a set of family, economic, and community adversity indicators to ask parents about current adverse experiences to which their children (ages 0 to 17) have been exposed. (
  • To assess maternal concern about overweight in Australian preschool-aged children and factors predicting maternal concern about children's current and future weight status. (
  • Further, no published papers have reported the level of concern expressed by Australian parents when their preschool-aged children are overweight, predictors of this concern, or parental perceptions of the weight status, nutrition and activity of their overweight children relative to their peers. (
  • Children of overweight and obese mothers, and children with higher birth weight, are more likely to be obese and overweight at age 5. (
  • Maternal smoking 1-12 cigarettes per day is associated with the child being overweight. (
  • 19 ) also reported larger amygdala but no change in hippocampal volumes in a sample of children exposed since birth to maternal depression, the latter a condition known to be associated with decreased parenting sensitivity and responsiveness ( 20 ). (
  • If the association is found to be causal, it would strengthen the case for identifying and treating maternal depression during and after pregnancy.UK Medical Research Council and the Wellcome Trust. (
  • 2014). Over 40% of women over the age of 40 are being induced (MOH, 2015b), although the reason for these inductions is unclear. (
  • It is unclear to what extent this association is confounded by maternal characteristics. (
  • Among blacks, however, 15-19-year-olds faced significantly lower risks of delivering low-birth-weight babies than did black women aged 25-29. (
  • Both black and white mothers in their 30s were significantly more likely to deliver a low-birth-weight baby than women aged 25-29 of the same race. (
  • Advanced maternal age at the time of giving birth is known to decrease how long the offspring will live and their fecundity. (
  • Asia, Japan and the United States are all seeing average age at first birth on the rise, and increasingly the process is spreading to countries in the developing world such as China, Turkey and Iran. (
  • What is so radical about this recent transformation is that it is the age at which women give birth to their first child which is becoming comparatively high, leaving an ever more constricted window of biological opportunity for second and subsequent children, should they be desired. (
  • Unsurprisingly, high first-birth ages and high rates of birth postponement are associated with the arrival of low, and lowest-low fertility. (
  • Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 were in foster care or were removed from their homes by a court or child welfare agency, by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2014, an estimated 7.8% had been in foster care or removed from their homes by a court or child welfare agency). (
  • From 2005 to 2014 the birth rate for NZ women over 40 increased by 17%, from 13 to 15.3 births/1000 women of reproductive age (Ministry of Health [MOH], 2015a). (
  • Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 lived with a parent or guardian who had a serious drinking or drug problem, by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2014, an estimated 15.3% had lived with a parent or guardian who had a serious drinking or drug problem). (
  • Maternal age was validated in a subsample using data from the Norwegian birth registry. (
  • Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 had to move because of problems paying rent or mortgage, by maternal age (e.g., among California women ages 15-19 with a live birth in 2013-2014, an estimated 23.1% had moved because of problems paying rent or mortgage). (
  • Comprehensive questionnaire and medical record data were collected spanning pregnancy, birth, early postpartum and early childhood providing a unique opportunity to consider multiple protective factors for child development in the context of poor maternal mental health. (
  • Our parental-specific haplotype score association analysis revealed that birth length and birth weight were significantly associated with the maternal transmitted haplotype score as well as the paternal transmitted haplotype score. (
  • Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the observed association between maternal height and fetal growth measures (i.e., birth length and birth weight) is mainly defined by fetal genetics. (
  • As in most other low- and middle-income countries, there is no functioning birth and death registration system and the number of maternal deaths that occur per year is not precisely known. (
  • We consider an age-structured epidemiological model that accounts for both passively acquired maternal antibodies that decay and active immunity that wanes, permitting re-infection. (
  • Epidemiological and animal studies show that deleterious maternal environments predispose aging offspring to metabolic disorders and type 2 diabetes. (
  • The trend of increased rates of cesarean sections with maternal age appears to be consistent in different countries and has previously been reported by several epidemiological studies. (
  • mothers aged 40-50: adjusted HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.36-1.46, p = 0.373). (
  • In within-family models, the relationship between advanced maternal age and LBW or preterm is statistically and substantively negligible. (
  • 10 Families were initially enrolled from maternal and child health centres in three local government areas (one inner urban, one suburban and one semi-rural) in Melbourne, Victoria, when the children were 2 weeks of age. (
  • California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Division, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Jun. (
  • Maternal anxiety in the NICU was found to be a significant and independent predictor of child cognitive development and internalizing behaviour problems, controlling for maternal education and neonatal morbidity. (
  • This should put to rest discrepancies in previous studies showing that just maternal age or just paternal age are linked to having a child with autism," said Mohammad Hossein Rahbar, Ph.D., principal investigator and professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at The University of Texas School of Public Health, part of UTHealth. (
  • NSCH data were collected by the U.S. Census Bureau on behalf of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • MIHA is a collaborative effort of the Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division and the Women, Infant and Children Division of the California Department of Public Health and the Center on Social Disparities in Health at the University of California, San Francisco. (
  • Descriptive analyses and χ 2 tests for trends are used to examine injury variations by child gender and age. (
  • Results -Consistent with findings from hospital data, boys experience more injuries than girls, and injuries increase with child age. (
  • Preventative strategies should take both child age and gender into consideration. (
  • Neurons make connections with neighboring neurons, and these become more complex and more idiosyncratic as the child ages, up until the age of 16, when this process halts. (
  • Objectives To estimate the burden of miscarriage in the Norwegian population and to evaluate the associations with maternal age and pregnancy history. (
  • Maternal support observed in early childhood was strongly predictive of hippocampal volume measured at school age. (
  • No consistent association was found between maternal age at menarche and asthma, eczema, hay fever or atopy in their children during early childhood. (
  • 10 However, a recent case control study in 129 asthmatic children did not find any association between maternal sex hormones in early pregnancy and the onset of allergic diseases in early childhood. (
  • Dockerty JD, Draper G, Vincent T, Rowan SD, Bunch KJ (2001) Case-control study of parental age, parity and socioeconomic level in relation to childhood cancers. (
  • While the critical period for the visual cortex ends in early childhood, other cortical areas and abilities have a critical period that lasts up through maturity (age 16), the same time frame for the development of fluid intelligence. (
  • Aggregation has masked important within-group differences at both ends of the reproductive-age spectrum. (
  • Having children later was not exceptional in the past, when families were larger and women often continued bearing children until the end of their reproductive age. (
  • Assessing the feasibility of conducting a prospective Reproductive Age Mortality Survey (RAMOS) study in the low-income setting of Mangochi District, Malawi to obtain cotemporaneous estimates of the number, cause of and conditions associated with maternal deaths (MD) in all women of reproductive age (WRA) ( n = 207 688). (
  • A Reproductive Age Mortality Survey (RAMOS) where all deaths among women of reproductive age (WRA) are investigated is considered the best approach in the absence of vital registration data [ 8 ]. (
  • Out of 424 deaths of WRA, 151 were MD giving a Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 363 per 100,000 live births (95 % CI: 307-425). (
  • Reducing maternal mortality (MM) is therefore one of the priority goals on the international agenda - the target for Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 5a was to reduce the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) by three quarters between 1990 and 2015 and recently this target has been reset to a global target of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births by 2030 [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • The new global strategy for Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality (EPMM) calls for a new approach where all maternal deaths are counted [ 3 ]. (
  • The corresponding paternal age effect is less pronounced. (
  • Autosomal dominant conditions are known to be associated with advanced paternal age, and it has been suggested that retinoblastoma (Rb) also exhibits a paternal age effect due to the paternal origin of most new germline RB1 mutations. (
  • Our study suggests a weak paternal age effect for Rb resulting from de novo germline mutations consistent with the paternal origin of most of these mutations. (
  • Although the cause of most miscarriages is unknown, they presumably result from a complex interplay between parental age, genetic, hormonal, immunological, and environmental factors. (
  • 37 weeks gestation), we compare between-family models (comparing children born to different mothers at different ages) with within-family models (comparing children who are born to the same mother at different ages). (
  • Advanced Maternal Age (AMA) is the term for the general reality that the risks of having trouble conceiving a healthy pregnancy, as well as carrying a healthy pregnancy, are increased in 'older' women," says Joshua U. Klein, MD, FACOG, chief medical officer at Extend Fertility , a New York City-based egg freezing service. (
  • But because most risks start increasing meaningfully in the mid-30s, a common age cut-off for AMA is age 35. (
  • Here, we break down the possible risks women of advanced maternal age may face during each leg of the journey, and what you need to know to have the healthiest pregnancy possible. (
  • Individualised risks of stillbirth at advanced maternal age: A literature review of the evidence. (
  • A J-shaped relation existed between maternal age and stillbirth, but the association was not as strong as for spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy. (
  • The relation between stillbirth and maternal age, straightforward as it may seem, is much more difficult to comprehend. (
  • The multivariate analysis also showed that newborn hospitalization costs increased with maternal age among both blacks and whites. (
  • Aasheim V, Waldenström U, Hjelmstedt A, Rasmussen S, Pettersson H, Schytt E. Associations between advanced maternal age and psychological distress in primiparous women, from early pregnancy to 18 months postpartum. (