The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The number of RETICULOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. The values are expressed as a percentage of the ERYTHROCYTE COUNT or in the form of an index ("corrected reticulocyte index"), which attempts to account for the number of circulating erythrocytes.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.

Water traffic accidents, drowning and alcohol in Finland, 1969-1995. (1/11460)

OBJECTIVE: To examine age- and sex-specific mortality rates and trends in water traffic accidents (WTA), and their association with alcohol, in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National mortality and population data from Finland, 1969-1995, are used to analyse rates and trends. The mortality rates are calculated on the basis of population, per 100000 inhabitants in each age group (<1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, > or = 65), and analysed by sex and age. The Poisson regression model and chi2 test for trend (EGRET and StatXact softwares) are used to analyse time trends. RESULTS: From 1969 through 1995 there were 3473 (2.7/100000/year; M:F= 20.4:1) WTA-related deaths among Finns of all ages. In 94.7% of the cases the cause of death was drowning. Alcohol intoxication was a contributing cause of death in 63.0% of the fatalities. During the study period the overall WTA mortality rates declined significantly (-4% per year; P < 0.001). This decline was observed in all age groups except > or = 65 year olds. The overall mortality rates in WTA associated with alcohol intoxication (1987-1995) also declined significantly (-6%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In Finland, mortality rates in WTA are exceptionally high. Despite a marked decline in most age groups, the high mortality in WTA nevertheless remains a preventable cause of death. Preventive countermeasures targeted specifically to adult males, to the reduction of alcohol consumption in aquatic settings and to the use of personal safety devices should receive priority.  (+info)

A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes. (2/11460)

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

The meaning and use of the cumulative rate of potential life lost. (3/11460)

BACKGROUND: The 'years of potential life lost' (YPLL) is a public health measure in widespread use. However, the index does not apply to the comparisons between different populations or across different time periods. It also has the limit of being cross-sectional in nature, quantifying current burden but not future impact on society. METHODS: A new years-lost index is proposed-the 'cumulative rate of potential life lost' (CRPLL). It is a simple combination of the 'cumulative rate' (CR) and the YPLL. Vital statistics in Taiwan are used for demonstration and comparison of the new index with existing health-status measures. RESULTS: The CRPLL serves the purpose of between-group comparison. It can also be considered a projection of future impact, under the assumption that the age-specific mortality rates in the current year prevail. For a rare cause of death, it can be interpreted as the expected years (days) of potential life lost during a subject's lifetime. CONCLUSIONS: The CRPLL has several desirable properties, rendering it a promising alternative for quantifying health status.  (+info)

Risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. (4/11460)

OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for injuries and other health problems occurring during or immediately after participation in a marathon. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was undertaken of participants in the 1993 Auckland Citibank marathon. Demographic data, information on running experience, training and injuries, and information on other lifestyle factors were obtained from participants before the race using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Information on injuries and other health problems sustained during or immediately after the marathon were obtained by a self administered questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify significant risk factors for health problems. RESULTS: This study, one of only a few controlled epidemiological studies that have been undertaken of running injuries, has identified a number of risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. Men were at increased risk of hamstring and calf problems, whereas women were at increased risk of hip problems. Participation in a marathon for the first time, participation in other sports, illness in the two weeks before the marathon, current use of medication, and drinking alcohol once a month or more, were associated with increased self reported risks of problems. While increased training seemed to increase the risk of front thigh and hamstring problems, it may decrease the risk of knee problems. There are significant but complex relations between age and risk of injury or health problem. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified certain high risk subjects and risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. In particular, subjects who have recently been unwell or are taking medication should weigh up carefully the pros and cons of participating.  (+info)

Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years. (5/11460)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of disabling injuries to the cervical spine in rugby in Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases reported to the Medical Committee of the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) and Rugby Amistad Foundation was carried out including a follow up by phone. Cumulative binomial distribution, chi 2 test, Fisher test, and comparison of proportions were used to analyse relative incidence and risk of injury by position and by phase of play (Epi Info 6, Version 6.04a). RESULTS: Eighteen cases of disabling injury to the cervical spine were recorded from 1977 to 1997 (0.9 cases per year). The forwards (14 cases) were more prone to disabling injury of the cervical spine than the backs (four cases) (p = 0.03). Hookers (9/18) were at highest risk of injury (p < 0.01). The most frequent cervical injuries occurred at the 4th, 5th, and 6th vertebrae. Seventeen of the injuries occurred during match play. Set scrums were responsible for most of the injuries (11/18) but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.44). The mean age of the injured players was 22. Tetraplegia was initially found in all cases. Physical rehabilitation has been limited to the proximal muscles of the upper limbs, except for two cases of complete recovery. One death, on the seventh day after injury, was reported. CONCLUSIONS: The forwards suffered a higher number of injuries than the backs and this difference was statistically significant. The chance of injury for hookers was statistically higher than for the rest of the players and it was particularly linked to scrummaging. However, the number of injuries incurred in scrums was not statistically different from the number incurred in other phases of play.  (+info)

Mayaro virus disease: an emerging mosquito-borne zoonosis in tropical South America. (6/11460)

This report describes the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological findings on 27 cases of Mayaro virus (MV) disease, an emerging mosquito-borne viral illness that is endemic in rural areas of tropical South America. MV disease is a nonfatal, dengue-like illness characterized by fever, chills, headache, eye pain, generalized myalgia, arthralgia, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash of 3-5 days' duration. Severe joint pain is a prominent feature of this illness; the arthralgia sometimes persists for months and can be quite incapacitating. Cases of two visitors from the United States, who developed MV disease during visits to eastern Peru, are reported. MV disease and dengue are difficult to differentiate clinically.  (+info)

Assessment of complement deficiency in patients with meningococcal disease in The Netherlands. (7/11460)

The frequency of complement deficiency in 176 of 7,732 patients with meningococcal disease in the Netherlands from 1959 through 1992 was assessed. Complement deficiency was found in six patients (3%): 3 (7%) of the patients with Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C disease, 1 (2%) of the patients with N. meningitidis serogroup A disease, and 2 (33%) of the patients with infections due to uncommon serogroups and nongroupable strains of N. meningitidis. Of 91 additional patients with meningococcal infections due to uncommon serogroups, 33% also had complement deficiency. Thirty-four of the 36 complement-deficient patients with meningococcal disease who were from 33 families were 5 years of age or older. Twenty-six additional complement-deficient relatives were found. Screening individuals with meningococcal disease due to uncommon serogroups who were 5 years of age or older identified 30 of the 33 complement-deficient families. Only 27% of the complement-deficient relatives had had meningococcal disease. This risk was lower for relatives with properdin deficiency (18%) than for those deficient in the late component of complement (38%). Therefore, pedigree studies are warranted for identifying those complement-deficient persons who require vaccination for meningococcal disease.  (+info)

Prediction of life expectancy in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. A retrospective nationwide survey from 1980-1990. (8/11460)

Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a progressive disease of unknown etiology usually followed by death within 5 years after diagnosis. Although heart-lung or lung transplantation is now offered to patients with advanced PPH, adequate criteria assessing an accurate prediction of life expectancy in PPH has been difficult to establish. The aims of this study were to identify the characteristic features associated with a poor prognosis in patients with PPH, and to attempt to establish an individual prognostic index that predicts with great accuracy survival or death of PPH after one year, thereby helping to define criteria for patient selection for transplantation. In 1991, a retrospective nation-wide survey on PPH was conducted in Japan, and the clinical and cardiorespiratory variables of 223 PPH cases (female; 144, male; 79) in the period from 1980-1990 were obtained. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PPA) was 57.5+/-17.2 mm Hg (mean+/-SD), and the overall median survival time was 32.5 months since the first diagnostic catheterization. The characteristic features of 61 patients who died within one year of catheterization (Nonsurvivors group) were compared to 141 patients who survived one year or more from the time of catheterization (Survivors group). Among several clinical and cardiorespiratory variables, heart rate, PPA, right atrial pressure (PRA), stroke volume index (SI), pulmonary vascular resistance, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were significantly different between the two groups. As the independent factors, PPA, PRA, SI, and PaCO2 were selected for the multiple logistic analysis. Using a 0.7 probability cut-point to separate Nonsurvivors from Survivors, 84.6% of Nonsurvivors and Survivors could be correctly predicted from this logistic regression equation. Predictive equations like the present preliminary one can be used in the future to better assess life expectancy in patients with PPH in whom transplantation will be considered.  (+info)

An updated global compilation of 377 new and previously published ages indicates that granitic pegmatites range in age from Mesoarchean to Neogene and have a semi-periodic age distribution. Undivided granitic pegmatites show twelve age maxima: 2913, 2687, 2501, 1853, 1379, 1174, 988, 525, 483, 391, 319, and 72 Ma. These peaks correspond broadly with various proxy records of supercontinent assembly, including the age distributions of granites, detrital zircon grains, and passive margins. Lithium-cesium-tantalum (LCT) pegmatites have a similar age distribution to the undivided granitic pegmatites, with maxima at 2638, 1800, 962, 529, 485, 371, 309, and 274 Ma. Lithium and Ta resources in LCT pegmatites are concentrated in the Archean and Phanerozoic. While there are some Li resources from the Proterozoic, the dominantly bimodal distribution of resources is particularly evident for Ta. This distribution is similar to that of orogenic gold deposits, and has been interpreted to reflect the ...
While several plots of the aggregate age distribution suggest that firm age is exponentially distributed, we find some departures from the exponential benchmark. At the lower tail, we find that very young establishments are more numerous than expected, but they face high exit hazards. At the upper tail, the oldest firms are older than the exponential would have predicted. Furthermore, the age distribution of disaggregated industries (such as the international airline industry) is less regular and can display multimodality. Although we focused on departures from the exponential, we found that the exponential was a useful reference point and endorse it as an appropriate benchmark for future work on industrial structure. ...
Age distribution of recruited participants (hatched bars) in comparison with the country age distribution (solid bars) as reported in the 2006 census figures.
Downloadable! Psychological well-being (WB) includes a person?s overall appraisal of his or her life (Global WB) and affective state (Hedonic WB), and it is considered a key aspect of the health of individuals and groups. Several cross-sectional studies have documented a relation between Global WB and age. Little is known, however, about the age distribution of Hedonic WB. It may yield a different view of aging because it is less influenced by the cognitive reconstruction inherent in Global WB measures and because it includes both positive and negative components of WB. In this study we report on both Global and Hedonic WB assessed in a 2008 telephone survey of 340,847 people in the United States. Consistent with prior studies, Global WB and positive Hedonic WB generally had U-shaped age profiles showing increasedWB after the age of 50 years. However, negative Hedonic WB variables showed distinctly different and stronger patterns: Stress and Anger steeply declined from the early 20s, Worry was elevated
Consider the age distribution in the United States in the year 2075 (as projected by the Census Bureau). Age Range Millions of People 0 - 9 34.9 ...
Age-standardized rates may be used to compare different geographic areas or time frames to adjust for any differences in the age structure of the populations that could cause a difference in rates.. It reflects the number of events (e.g., deaths, hospitalizations) that would occur for a given population if that population had the same age distribution as the 1991 Canadian population.. Age-standardized rates have been used to make more valid comparisons than comparing crude rates. Standardization requires adjusting for the effects of varying age structures of different populations and over different periods of time. The importance of age-standardization can be illustrated by using Population X, which has a higher proportion of elderly persons than Population Y. The unadjusted or crude mortality rate for Population X would be significantly higher than Population Y solely because it has a higher proportion of elderly persons and the elderly have a much higher death rate than younger people. This ...
Age-Adjusted Death Rate: When comparing rates over time or across different populations, crude rates (the number of deaths per 100,000 persons) can be misleading, because differences in the age distributions of the various populations are not considered. Since death is age-dependent, the comparison of crude rates of death can be especially deceptive.. Age-adjusted rates take into account the diverse age distributions of the populations. Valid comparisons between age-adjusted rates can be made, provided the same standard population and age groups have been used in the calculation of the rates. The direct method of adjustment was used to produce the age-adjusted rates for this report. In this method, the population is first divided into reasonable homogeneous age ranges, and the age-specific rate is calculated for each age range. Then, each age-specific rate is weighted by multiplying it by the proportion of the standard population in the respective age group. The age-adjusted rate is the sum of ...
Bell, Andrew and Jones, Kelvyn (2014) Another futile quest? A simulation study of Yang and Lands Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort model. Demographic Research, 30 (-). pp. 333-360. ISSN 1435-9871 Full text not available from this repository. ...
From 1980 to 2010, the crude incidence of diagnosed diabetes increased 161% from 3.3 to 8.6 per 1,000 population. Similarly, the age-adjusted incidence increased 140% from 3.5 to 8.4 per 1,000 population, suggesting that the majority of the change was not due to the aging of the population. However, from 1980 to 2010, incidence did not increase at a constant rate. Both crude and age-adjusted incidence remained unchanged in the 1980s, and then increased in the 1990s through 2010. From 2008 through 2010, both crude and age-adjusted incidence has shown little change.
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I produced a methodology capable of aging the species Rana luteiventris by using a process called skeletochronology. My objective was to find out if the age of the individual could be assessed by counting the number of lines of arrested growth (LAGs) from cross-sections of the third digit of the right hind foot. After this process was refined for this particular species, seventy-four individuals were sampled in order to construct a static age distribution of a population of frogs. Samples were collected from May-August 1998 at a small pond in the Lewis and Clark County, Chessman Marshland, 10 km west of Clancy, Montana. Few individuals were found to be five years of age. The majority of the population was dispersed somewhat evenly between metamorphs, 1, 3, and 4-year-old frogs. As expected, no frogs beyond five years of age were observed. There was a notable lack of 2-year-old frogs. However, I was unable to account for the low number of 2-year-old frogs in the population.
Downloadable! This paper proposes the use of optimal grouping methods for determining the various age groups within a population. The cutoff ages for these groups, such as the age from which an individual is considered to be an older person, are then endogenous variables that depend on the entire population age distribution at any given moment. This method is first applied to the age distribution of the United States and subsequently to a group of 12 industrialized countries. The cutoff ages as well as the main indicators of aging are calculated.
This statistic shows the distribution of age among MySpace users in the United States in 2010. During that year, 42 percent of MySpace users were aged between 23 to 35 years.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
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meniaciu has transcended time and space. Over the course of his trillions of years of life experience, he has seen all and been everywhere. There is nothing undiscovered to him, no vista unseen nor journey undertaken. He has watched many a civilization, nay an entire universe, evolve from inception to decadence and then on to its inevitable death, becoming once again one with the void. He is all-knowing and all-seeing, and as such this forum is but an insignificant mote in the vast breadth of his sight ...
Health Reports, volume 23, number 3. Cause-specific mortality by education in Canada: A 16-year follow-up study. Table 4 Age-standardized mortality rates per 100,000 person-years at risk for selected causes of death, by educational attainment, age group and sex, cohort members aged 25 or older at baseline, Canada 1991 to 2006
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications is based on a decade of the authors collaborative work in age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Within a single, consistent HAPC-GLMM statistical modeling framework, the…
TY - CONF. T1 - Coeliac disease in Denmark: Prevalence and age distribution at diagnosis 1995-2005. AU - Hansen, Peter Toftedal. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Poster. Y2 - 16 November 2007 through 16 November 2007. ER - ...
A comparison between mean age theory and conventional residence time distributions over a range of quantified mixing levels was conducted using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The system was a stirred tubular reactor. The model was validated by comparing computationally derived RTD curves with experimentally obtained RTD curves, with quantified differences less than 3%. Mixing was quantified using the Tanks-in-Series model. Mixing levels were set by varying flow rate and impeller rpm. Mean age distributions at the outlet, where experimental RTDs were measured, were very narrow for all levels of mixing studied. RTDs showed expected characteristics; a wider distribution and long decay for high mixing cases and a narrow distribution centered around the mean time for cases approaching plug flow. Mean age distributions remained substantially narrower than RTDs. RTDs and mean age distributions were measured at several locations along the length of the reactor to determine changes in characteristics of
Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Log in to Pure. ...
Data & statistics on Distribution of age and sex of sample and population: Age and sex distribution of the sample population, Compares the age and gender distribution of the MICS-3 survey population with that of the 1999 Vanuatu National Population and Housing Census (National Statistics, 2000). Similarities in the population age distribution between the two sources suggest that the MICS-3 survey presents a valid sample of the country population., Age-sex distribution of the household population...
Source: Census Population Estimates Program (PEP). Notes: Each decade re-benchmarks to the decennial census and forces a break in the data. Population data is also provided in the ACS pages.. Data SourceMethodology. ...
Source: Census Population Estimates Program (PEP). Notes: Each decade re-benchmarks to the decennial census and forces a break in the data. Population data is also provided in the ACS pages.. Data SourceMethodology. ...
The annual overview of the self-managed superannuation fund (SMSF) sector for 2014-15. The reported data is mostly collected from the SMSF annual return (SAR), SMSF registrations and auditor contravention reports.
Bluekirin93s interactive graph and data of Age distribution of the developers whore from USA, India and China is a bar chart, showing 17 or younger, 18-20, 21-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60 or older.
When logging into your database, the default login page is your Today page (which is otherwise accessible by clicking Today from your...
When logging into your database, the default login page is your Today page (which is otherwise accessible by clicking Today from your...
The GAC-MAC 2021 Local Organizing Committee has decided to extend the Proposals deadline for two weeks, until Wednesday Sept 30 for Sessions, Field Trips, Workshops and Short ...
Logistic regressions of age-period-cohort models for city arrest rates are estimated with data from seven U.S. cities for the years 1970-1980 to study the dependence of officially designated criminali
What are public sources for US firm/plant sizes, in order to characterize the firm size distribution? And what are stylized facts about the firm size distribution: What does it approximate to? Somewhat related: What about the firm age distribution? That is, the distribution of firms given their age. I understand the latter is a soft concept in the data, but are there first-order approximations for age, and how does its distribution look?. ...
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This statistic shows the share of individuals across different ages groups in the United Kingdom who agree with the statement when I drink, I drink to get drunk.
Data & statistics on Incidence Rates for Major Cancer Sites by Gender: Estimated Age-Standardized Incidence Rates for Major Cancer Sites by Gender and Province, Canada, 2002, Incidence Rates for Major Cancer Sites by Gender, Estimated Age-Standardized Incidence Rates for Major Cancer Sites by Sex and Province, Canada, 2006...
The current EU LULUCF regulation calls for member state-specific Forest Reference Levels (FRLs) for benchmark in the accounting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals of managed forest land during the compliance period (2021-2030). According to the technical guidance on developing and reporting the FRLs, it could be actualized by projecting a ratio of harvested to total available biomass. We tested how the initial age distribution may affect the aforementioned ratio by simulating the continuation of forest management based on several descriptive shapes of forest age class distribution. Our simulations suggest that when the FRLs are prepared by employing the harvest ratio and forest management is assumed strictly age dynamics driven, the shape of the initial forest age class distribution gives rise to computational sinks or sources of carbon in managed forest land. Harvests projected according to the ratio corresponded those resulting from the age dynamics only in the case of uniform age distribution.
Data analysis. The average annual incidence of cancer in Gipuzkoa for the period 1998-2002 is presented for all sites together, and also for specific sites, and expressed in rates per 100,000 persons at risk per year. Crude, agespecific and age-standardized incidence rates were calculated by gender, using the direct method and adjusted with European and World population data3. Furthermore, cumulative incidence rates were calculated for each site and gender, from birth to 65 and 75 years of age.. The cancer incidence trend for the period 1986-2002 was studied for all tumours and the most frequent sites. The general trend was quantified by applying the Poisson regression12, after adjusting for age, with separate models for men and women. In this model, a linear trend was assumed for the logarithm of the rates. Goodness of fit was assessed by devianceand its degrees of freedom. The significance level was set at 0.05. In the case of prostate cancer, the Poisson model did not fit correlated as a ...
Detrital zircon age distributions provide robust insights into past sedimentary systems, but these age distributions are often complex and multi-peaked, with sample sizes too small to confidently resolve population distributions. This limited sampling hinders existing quantitative methods for comparing detrital zircon age distributions, which show systematic dependence on the sizes of compared samples. The proliferation of detrital zircon studies motivates the development of more robust quantitative methods. We present the first attempt, to our knowledge, to infer probability model ensembles (PMEs) for samples of detrital zircon ages using a Bayesian method. Our method infers the parent population age distribution from which a sample is drawn, using a Monte Carlo approach to aggregate a representative set of probability models that is consistent with the constraints that the sample data provide. Using the PMEs inferred from sample data, we develop a new estimate of correspondence between ...
The data reported in this table are derived from the HIPE (Hospital In-Patient Enquiry) data set, which records data on discharges from all publicly funded acute hospitals. Age-standardised discharge rates by county, sex and all procedures are presented. These allow comparison of discharge rates between populations of different age composition, and also of discharge rates over time. The age-standardised discharge rate (SDR) for an area is the number of discharges (per 100,000) that would occur if that area had the same age structure as the WHO European Standard Population and the local age-specific rates for that area applied. Confidence intervals for these rates are also presented. Standardised Morbidity Ratios (SMRs) are also included. SMRs express the difference between the observed discharges in each county compared to the expected discharges if the age-specific rates of the national population applied. It is presented as a ratio. A ratio that is greater than 100 indicates that county ...
Zalaudek, Iris, Marghoob, Ashfaq A., Scope, Alon, Hofmann-Wellenhof, Rainer, Ferrara, Gerardo and Argenziano, Giuseppe (2007) Age distribution of biopsied junctional Nevi-Unnas Concept versus a Dual Concept of Nevogenesis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 57 6: 1096-1097. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2007.08.028 ...
Data from 2 Australian cancer registries covering a population of 1.7 million people were combined for the purposes of analysing brain cancer incidence, mortality and survival patterns for the time period 1978 through 1992. A total of 1,752 cases of primary brain cancer were registered, representing age-standardized incidence rates of 6.7 per...
Aboriginal: Aboriginal includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person - that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit), and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Age-standardization: Age-standardized rate is a rate that would have existed if the population had the same age distribution as the selected reference population. The BC Community Health Profiles use estimates for a given year (1991 or 2011) as the reference population, and chronic disease incidence and prevalence rates have been age-standardized using the direct standardization method with five-year age groups. Alcohol-related deaths: Alcohol-related deaths include deaths where alcohol was a contributing factor (indirectly related) as well as those due to alcohol (directly related). Chronic disease: Chronic diseases, also known as non-communicable diseases, are diseases ...
Aboriginal: Aboriginal includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person - that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit), and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Age-standardization: Age-standardized rate is a rate that would have existed if the population had the same age distribution as the selected reference population. The BC Community Health Profiles use estimates for a given year (1991 or 2011) as the reference population, and chronic disease incidence and prevalence rates have been age-standardized using the direct standardization method with five-year age groups. Alcohol-related deaths: Alcohol-related deaths include deaths where alcohol was a contributing factor (indirectly related) as well as those due to alcohol (directly related). Chronic disease: Chronic diseases, also known as non-communicable diseases, are diseases ...
Some data on this page comes from the Human Fertility Database (website www.humanfertility.org) (data downloaded January 2014, last updated by HFD April 2012). The data collected by the Human Fertility Database is based on government data collection by the government of Russia. You can download the data yourself here. Details about the modalities of data collection are available here. Where available, we use HFD data because of its higher reliability. ...
Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. More info » ...
Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. More info » ...
Saferparks is a non-profit public service organization founded in 2000 to help prevent amusement ride accidents through research, information sharing, and effective public safety policy.
TRIALSITE NEWS IS THE ONLY DIGITAL MEDIA DEDICATED 100% TO TRANSPARENT AND OPEN COVERAGE OF CLINICAL RESEARCH TRIAL SITES AROUND THE GLOBE. BASED IN THE SILICON SLOPES IN DOWNTOWN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, WE ARE FOUNDED BY A TEAM OF EXPERTS IN THE CLINICAL TRIALS INDUSTRY AND DEDICATED TO TRANSPARENCY, QUALITY AND CLINICAL TRIAL INNOVATION ...
From flow cytometry analysis of cells treated with rifampicin and cephalexin (run-out histogram) the proportions of cells that had not initiated replication at the time of drug action (4-origin-cells, streaked) and cells that had initiated (8-origin-cells) can be estimated.The initiation age (ai) can be found from the theoretical age distribution described by this formula, F = 2 - 2((τ-ai)/τ) where F is the fraction of cells that had not initiated and τ is the generation time, or from the estimated graph of the theoretical age distribution (streaked portion). ...
Age-standardized death rates from malaria, measured as the number of deaths per 100,000 individuals. Age-standardization assumes a constant population age & structure to allow for comparisons between countries and with time without the effects of a changing age distribution within a population (e.g. aging).
An annual percentage rate is used to refer to the yearly fee that a customer pays for borrowing money and is often called APR. An APR is most commonly used in cases of loans, credit cards or other...
The male population was 62,251 thousand, a decrease of 59 thousand (0.09 percent), while the female population was 65,441 thousand, a decrease of 20 thousand (0.03 percent). The male population had decreased for four years, while the female population decreased for the first time since 1950 ...
Age-specific Rate is per 100,000 population in a specific age group. Adding and subtracting the number shown after the ± symbol from the rate creates a confidence interval indicating that the true rate lies between the lower and upper bounds of this interval with 95% statistical confidence ...
Age-specific Rate is per 100,000 population in a specific age group. Adding and subtracting the number shown after the ± symbol from the rate creates a confidence interval indicating that the true rate lies between the lower and upper bounds of this interval with 95% statistical confidence ...
The share of the population with asthma. Prevalence is age-standardized so accounts for changes in the age structure of a population over time and between countries.
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Ueda A, Aoyama K, Ueda T; et al. (1992). Recent trends in bagassosis in Japan. Br J Ind Med. 49 (7): 499-506. PMID 1637710 ...
Age distribution[edit]. The median age of tribal members is 29. Nearly one-third of the members, some 31.8%, are 18 years or ... Among enrolled Lummis aged 25-64: 15.1% do not have a high school diploma or a GED; 33.8% have either a high school or GED ... 28% of the adult population (ages 18-64) is employed. The labor workforce participation rate is 25%. The Lummi unemployment ...
Age distribution. Age distributions for the four cities are given (see table below). The age structure closely matches the ... Wellington Region age distribution by city City. Under 20. 20-39. 40-59. 60-79. 80 and over ... "Age and sex of people in Lower Hutt City - 2013 Census". stats.govt.nz. Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on ... "Age and sex of people in Upper Hutt City - 2013 Census". stats.govt.nz. Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on ...
Age distribution. North Rocks residents' median age was 41 years, compared to the national median of 38. Children aged 0-14 ... years made up 20.5% of the population (national average is 18.7%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 18.2% of the ...
Age distribution:. 0-18 years:. 16,8 %. 18-65 years:. 62,5 %. ...
Distribution of tephra. Yet, there are some solid dates of the Pre-Boreal and Boreal. The Saksunarvatn tephra (an ash layer of ... Forest replaced the open lands in Europe, and forest-dwelling animals spread from southern refugia and replaced the ice-age ... replacing the ice-age tundra plants. Foremost among them were the birches, Betula pubescens and Betula pendula, accompanied by ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boreal_(age)&oldid=830524868" ...
"Kelshall Age Distribution Statistics". ilivehere. Retrieved 14 July 2015.. *^ "Marital Status, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics ... According to the 2011 Census, there are 87 economically active people in Kelshall, aged between 16-74. Only 22.3% of the total ... The population of Kelshall, on average, is actually older than the average age of Hertfordshire, also "The population of ...
Central District age distribution. Source:[5] Ages. Male %. Female %. Ages. Male %. Female % ... In the same year, there were 69 deaths reported as suicides, which were most common in the age bracket of 20 to 29 and 30 to 35 ... In 2000, the maternal mortality rate in the city was 110 of every 100,000 births of which 62.3 percent were women ages 20 to 35 ... 91 percent of the victims were men and 81.2 of that were ages 15 to 39. The neighborhoods in Tegucigalpa reporting the highest ...
"Textbook distribution begins". New Age , The Most Popular Outspoken English Daily in Bangladesh. Retrieved 20 March 2021. ... "Teachers, guardians complain about AL men's irregularities". New Age. Retrieved 20 March 2021. "Contact Us". Willes Little ...
The age distribution in Emmen is; 5,990 people or 21.7% of the population is 0-19 years old. 7,735 people or 28.1% are 20-39 ... The senior population distribution is 3,194 people or 11.6% are 65-79 years old, 1,014 or 3.7% are 80-89 years old and 146 ... In Emmen about 61.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
"Sutton Age Distribution Statistics". I Live Here. "Sutton Historical Industry Statistics". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 23 ... In the 2011 census there were also 122 people living in sutton from the ages of 30-74 with 52 residents aged from 45 to 59 and ... The average age of the population of Sutton as a whole, is older than the national average and the Cambridgeshire average, ... In the 2001 census 122 of 190 residents were aged between 30 and 74, showing a majority working population. ...
"Guston Age Distribution Statistics". ILiveHere. Retrieved 26 March 2017. "Guston General Health Statistics". ILiveHere. ... Out of a population of 1,740 people only 1,087 people are above the age of 16. Furthermore, in total 20.1% of people in the ... and in education and skills for learners of all ages'. Overall The Duke of York's Royal Military School achieved an Ofsted ... the nearest secondary school is called The Duke of York's Royal Military School which teaches children from age 11 to 18. ...
Age Distribution[change , change source]. Slaithwaite has a younger mean population than the rest of England, with a mean age ...
... distribution, age, and paleoclimate. Bulletin no. 206, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Rajmon, David (2009- ... techniques has yielded ages ranging from ~109,000 to ~2,000 years ago, but most ages from the sand rims range from ~40,000 to ~ ... Charcoal samples within the 0.94 m thick unit of quartz sand yielded radiocarbon ages of ~4,500 to 2,500 years BP. A core (P25 ... Basal peat bog sediment within this Carolina bay yielded an age of ~8,600 radiocarbon years ago. In a study of several Carolina ...
Sharpe, F. R. & Lotka, A. J. (1911). A problem in age distribution. Philosophical Magazine, 21: 435-438. A. J. Lotka (1912) ... As noted by W. G. Poitier in 1981: "The Lotka distribution is based on an inverse square law where the number of authors ... Loth, A. J. (1926) "The Frequency Distribution of Scientific Productivity". Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 16( ...
Age distribution is also uneven; nearly one-half of Togolese are less than fifteen years old. French, the official language, is ... The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 39.6%, 56.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.4% was 65 ... Population distribution is very uneven due to soil and terrain variations. The population is generally concentrated in the ... With nearly 60% of its populace under the age of 25 and a high annual growth rate attributed largely to high fertility, Togo's ...
Comparison of Population Distribution between Shimane and Japanese National Average Population Distribution by Age and Sex in ... Population by age[edit]. Total Population in age groups. 2007 Estimated Population. Unit: Thousands ... Source:Graph 10/Prefectures Age(In Age groups), Gender divided population-Total Population. (Ministry of Internal Affairs ... Middle Ages[edit]. During the Muromachi period, Izumo and Oki were controlled by the Kyogoku clan. However, after the Ōnin War ...
... 's population is estimated at 5.6 million in 2013.[82] Of those, 34.4% are under the age of 15 and 6.2% are over 65. ... A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. October 2009 ... Children are usually accepted to primary schools at the age of 7. It is required that every child finishes 9 grades of school ... A law banning women under the age of 23 from traveling abroad without a parent or guardian, with the purpose of "increased ...
Gene Wolf (1 December 2000). "Electricity Through the Ages". Transmission & Distribution World. All About Circuits [Online ... The majority of these systems rely upon three-phase AC power-the standard for large-scale power transmission and distribution ... Residential dwellings almost always take supply from the low voltage distribution lines or cables that run past the dwelling. ... Large commercial installations will have an orderly system of sub-panels, separate from the main distribution board to allow ...
Gene Wolf (2000-12-01). "Electricity Through the Ages". Transmission & Distribution World. John Tyner, Rick Bush and Mike Eby ( ... Electric power distribution engineering covers those elements of a power system from a substation to the end customer. Power ... "A Novel but Short-Lived Power Distribution System". IEEE. 2005-05-01. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008- ... Power Engineering deals with the generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electricity as well as the design of ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (31.5%), the CVP (19.9%) and the Green Party (6.5%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 178 people or 8.4% are 65-79 years old, 54 or 2.5% are 80-89 years old and 6 people or ... In Büron about 61.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.5%), the FDP (18.9%) and the Green Party (12.5%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 161 people or 7% are 65-79 years old, 42 or 1.8% are 80-89 years old and 3 people or 0.1 ... In Geuensee about 64.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the CVP (25.9%), the FDP (13.6%) and the Green Party (9.5%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 13 people or 3.7% are 65-79 years old, 5 or 1.4% are 80-89 years old and no one is over ... In Honau about 76.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (32.8%), the FDP (20.5%) and the SPS (6%). The age distribution in Inwil is; ... The senior population distribution is 191 people or 8.9% are 65-79 years old, 53 or 2.5% are 80-89 years old and 13 people or ... In Inwil about 78.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the CVP (32.8%), the FDP (22.8%) and the Green Party (4.9%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 108 people or 11.4% are 65-79 years old, 32 or 3.4% are 80-89 years old and 3 people or ... In Aesch about 71.5% of the population (between age 25 and 64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (29.2%), the FDP (26.5%) and the Green Party (6.6%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 203 people or 8% are 65-79 years old, 26 or 1% are 80-89 years old and 4 people or 0.2% ... In Schenkon about 81.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.7%), the FDP (21.8%) and the SPS (9.3%). The age distribution in Hochdorf ... The senior population distribution is 930 people or 11.1% are 65-79 years old, 349 or 4.2% are 80-89 years old and 56 people or ... In Hochdorf about 67.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26%), the CVP (23.3%) and the Green Party (11.3%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 225 people or 10.6% are 65-79 years old, 40 or 1.9% are 80-89 years old and 5 people or ... In Udligenswil about 79.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education ...
The next three most popular parties were the FDP (27.2%), the SVP (24%) and the Green Party (7.2%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 185 people or 10.9% are 65-79 years old, 41 or 2.4% are 80-89 years old and 4 people or ... In Knutwil about 74% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.3%), the FDP (20.3%) and the SPS (5.9%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 187 people or 10.3% are 65-79 years old, 71 or 3.9% are 80-89 years old and 13 people or ... In Hildisrieden about 83.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education ...
The next three most popular parties were the FDP (24.1%), the CVP (23.7%) and the Green Party (10.9%). The age distribution in ... The senior population distribution is 176 people or 13.7% are 65-79 years old, 52 or 4% are 80-89 years old and 9 people or 0.7 ... In Vitznau about 70.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or ...
The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were ... including Home Depot's 755,000-square-foot distribution hub, Walmart's 4.2 million-square-foot import center (their largest in ... About 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. ... In the city, the population was distributed as 29.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from ...
A variety of distributions are possible. In some cases, hair loss is gradual, without symptoms, and is unnoticed for long ... Scarring hair loss occurs in otherwise healthy men and women of all ages and is seen worldwide. It is important to continue to ... Cicatricial alopecias affect both men and women, most commonly adults, although all ages may be affected. Epidemiologic studies ...
"Railway Age. Archived from the original on 19 June 2020.. *^ "Orkney Islands Council Marine services - ship to ship transfers" ... Site distribution of the units caused a domino effect of explosions.[124][125] It remains unclear if LNG or LNG vapour, or ... "India trucking into gas age as govt clears norms for LNG stations". Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 27 ... This tended to make LNG more competitive as a means of energy distribution, but increasing material costs and demand for ...
"Deer distribution Chinese water deer 2000-2007" (PDF). bds.org.uk. Retrieved 19 December 2010.. ... The teeth usually erupt in the autumn of the deer's first year at approximately 6-7 months of age. By early spring the recently ... The main area of distribution is from Woburn, east into Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk and North Essex, and south towards ...
... which inhabited modern age India. A strange form, Mourasuchus also thrived alongside Purussaurus. This species developed a ... Current and future potential distribution of Dracaena cinnabari (Socotra, Yemen)". Biological Conservation. 138 (3-4): 430-439 ... the climate slowly cooled towards a series of ice ages. The Miocene boundaries are not marked by a single distinct global event ... which were considerably larger than modern age piranhas. ... North American Land Mammal Ages. *Hemphillian (10.3 to 4.9 Ma) ...
The age distribution was 1,250 people (24.3%) under the age of 18, 414 people (8.9%) aged 18 to 24, 694 people (20.9%) aged 25 ... The age distribution was 29.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% 65 ... The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 100 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were ... The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were ...
de Waal, Frans (2009). The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society. New York: Harmony Books. p. 149.. ... Distribution and habitatEdit. The range of the magpie extends across temperate Eurasia from Spain and Ireland in the west to ... The maximum age recorded for a magpie is 21 years and 8 months for a bird from near Coventry in England that was ringed in 1925 ...
The manga has been licensed for North American distribution by Vertical Inc. An anime adaptation lasting two seasons aired from ... Aquarian Age: The Movie (2003). *Di Gi Charat Theater - Leave it to Piyoko! (2003) ...
Konno had been exposed to Christianity from a young age: she attended a completely Christian kindergarten which had a sanctuary ... licensed the three television series and the OVA series under the title Maria Watches Over Us for North American distribution.[ ...
Geographic distribution and legal status[edit]. Galician is spoken by some three million people, including most of the ... Use of Galician splits by age, with over half of those over 45 indicating that Galician is their primary language, with lower ... Distribution of the various dialects of Galician in Spain and the extreme north of Portugal. ... is considered the dark age of Galician language. The Galician spoken and written then is usually referred to as Middle Galician ...
A Vital Legacy: Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age, U.S. Department of Energy, The Office of Biological ... These algorithms compute an estimate of the likely distribution of annihilation events that led to the measured data, based on ... March 1999). "In vivo mapping of cerebral acetylcholinesterase activity in aging and Alzheimer's disease". Neurology. 52 (4): ... 2002). "Brain imaging of 18F-fallypride in normal volunteers: Blood analysis, distribution, test-retest studies, and ...
Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60. 28.. GEN Bernard W. Rogers. 1 October 1976. 21 June 1979. Last World War ... Retired from active military service upon reaching age 64 in 1924. 11.. MG John L. Hines. 14 September 1924. 20 November 1926. ... Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1962. 23.. GEN Earle G. Wheeler. 1 October 1962. 2 July 1964. Chairman ... Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64. 7.. MG Hugh L. Scott. 17 November 1914. 22 September 1917. Retired upon ...
Losing hairs with age.. Glabrous. No hairs of any kind present.. Glandular. With a gland at the tip of the hair.. Hirsute. With ... Of these, angiosperms have the greatest diversity.[25] Within these the major veins function as the support and distribution ... Cote, G. G. (2009). "Diversity and distribution of idioblasts producing calcium oxalate crystals in Dieffenbachia seguine ( ... "Ontogenetic differences in mesophyll structure and chlorophyll distribution in Eucalyptus globulus ssp. globulus (Myrtaceae)". ...
Sejersted and Adams and Daly, Francis and Madeleine and Richard (2011). The Age of Social Democracy: Norway and Sweden in the ... By its very nature it involves the abolition of private ownership of capital; bringing the means of production, distribution, ... Political economy has held and holds that the economic laws governing the production and distribution of wealth which it has ...
... and they are currently working on the distribution details. ... 1960-01-29) January 29, 1960 (age 59). Davenport, Iowa, U.S. ...
Reliable and meaningful results require an adequate amount of good quality raw data, correlated with age, transformed for ... Gaussian distributions, and corrected for intercorrelations among measures. Neurometric analysis is able to detect consistent ...
... s of all ages (but especially young ones) and in all locations must contend with a wide diversity of predators including ... Distribution and habitatEdit. Male mallard. The mallard is widely distributed across the Northern and Southern Hemispheres; in ... during the Neolithic Age, and were also farmed by the Romans in Europe, and the Malays in Asia.[127] As the domestic duck and ... The adulthood age for mallards is fourteen months, and the average life expectancy is three years, but they can live to twenty. ...
Gavashelishvili, A.; Tarkhnishvili, D. (2016). "Biomes and human distribution during the last ice age". Global Ecology and ... Age (before). America. Atlantic Europe. Maghreb. Mediterranean Europe. Central Europe 10,000 years. Flandrian interglacial. ... Distribution[edit]. At the beginning of the Paleolithic, hominins were found primarily in eastern Africa, east of the Great ... "old age of the stone" or "Old Stone Age". ... Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe, "Women in the Stone Age", in the ...
Male black wildebeest reach sexual maturity at the age of 3 years, but may mature at a younger age in captivity. Females first ... "Habitat-preference in South African antelope species and its significance in natural and artificial distribution patterns". ... The neutrophil count is high at all ages. The haematocrit and haemoglobin content decreases till 20-30 days after birth. A peak ... Vahala, J.; Kase, F. (December 1993). "Age- and sex-related differences in haematological values of captive white-tailed gnu ( ...
... usually improves around the age of 20 but may persist into adulthood.[75] Permanent physical scarring may occur.[20] There ... described as discrete slightly raised scars in a linear distribution similar to a tram track). The latter is thought to be ... Historical and physical clues that may suggest hormone-sensitive acne include onset between ages 20 and 30; worsening the week ... Medical authorities strictly regulate isotretinoin use in women of childbearing age due to its known harmful effects in ...
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were ... The village core was originally an agricultural center and distribution point for the town. The junction of Ridge Road and ... 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The ... In the village, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% ...
By the age of seven that ability increases to 4-7 objects. Some practitioners claim that with training, children are capable of ... Tests of moving-spotlight models versus an activity-distribution model". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception ...
The video distribution (including digital bootlegs distributed online) expanded public awareness of Tilton and his ... 1946-06-07) June 7, 1946 (age 72). McKinney, Texas, US. Residence. Miami Beach, Florida, US. ...
JEL: L25 - Firm Performance: Size, Age, Profit, and Sales. JEL: L26 - Empreendedorismo. JEL: L29 - Outros. JEL: L3 - Non-profit ... JEL: L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms. JEL: L12 - Monopoly; Monopolization ... JEL: R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade. JEL: R13 - General Equilibrium ...
Deworming of children aged 1 to 5 years and vitamin A capsule distribution g) Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM ... while the adults aged 15 years and above account for 92%. There are 3,385 infections estimated among population aged 50 years ... distribution to young children (6 to 23 months) and food distribution in the food insecure areas[citation needed]. UNICEF and ... women of child bearing age, pregnant women, and all ages through the control of general malnutrition and the prevention and ...
... but most countries set the minimum age at 18 years.[2] Such laws may take the form of permitting distribution only to licensed ... "Minimum Legal Age Limits". IARD.org. International Alliance for Responsible Drinking. Archived from the original on 4 May 2016 ... Age-standardised prevalence of current drinking for females (A) and males (B) in 2016, in 195 locations.[4] ... Wine tannins adds balance, complexity, structure and makes a wine last longer, so they play an important role in the aging of ...
m Bronze Age ‎ (fixed spelling) *19:24, 18 April 2014 (diff , hist) . . (-9)‎ . . m Poisson distribution ‎ (Fixed broken link ...
For example, a stone carving found in the archaeological recovery from Bronze Age Minoan Crete at Knossos (1900 - 1100 BC) has ... 4 Distribution and habitat. *5 Behaviour and ecology *5.1 Feeding. *5.2 Locomotion ... An optic gland creates hormones that cause the octopus to mature and age and stimulate gamete production. The gland may be ...
Siminovitch L, McCulloch EA, Till JE (1963). "The distribution of colony-forming cells among spleen colonies". Journal of ... "Index of CD34+ Cells and Mononuclear Cells in the Bone Marrow of Spinal Cord Injury Patients of Different Age Groups: A ...
Koshu (古酒) is "aged sake". Most sake does not age well, but this specially made type can age for decades, turning yellow and ... "cold wholesale distribution") - this autumn sake has matured over the summer. ... Taruzake (樽酒) is sake aged in wooden barrels or bottled in wooden casks. The wood used is Cryptomeria (杉, sugi), which is also ... This was the end of the wooden-barrel age of sake and the use of wooden barrels in brewing was completely eliminated.[citation ...
Age distribution. Age distribution. When fertility begins to decline from elevated levels, the population distribution by age ... The Population Division monitors levels and trends in the population age distribution and analyses their socio-economic ... creating a favourable age distribution that may help to accelerate economic growth per capita, resulting in a "demographic ... Changes in the age distribution have major implications for labour markets, households, social protection, education and health ...
Age distribution, in population studies, the proportionate numbers of persons in successive age categories in a given ... Age distributions differ among countries mainly because of differences in the levels and trends of fertility. A population with ... Alternative Title: age composition. Age distribution, also called Age Composition, in population studies, the proportionate ... population: Age distribution. Perhaps the most fundamental of these characteristics is the age distribution of a population. ...
Quotes are not sourced from all markets and may be delayed up to 20 minutes. Information is provided as is and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice.Disclaimer ...
What are those realities? According to Castille, people today are working beyond age 65, sometimes by necessity, sometimes by ... At first glance, changing demographics - including an aging population and increased life spans - make the retirement crisis ...
The Facebook Age Distribution. I read Kottkes post and his follow-up last week and the question he asks has been ratting ...
Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. More info » ...
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.. ...
Distribution of the Nonelderly with Medicaid by…. Distribution of the Nonelderly with Medicaid by Age. Facebook Twitter ...
... population from 1860 to 2010 according to age, race, and nativity. Race and nativity AgeWhite1 Year Total Under 5 5?19 20?44 45 ... 64 65 andoverTotal Nativeborn ForeignbornBlackOtherraces1Percent distribution 18602100.0%15.4%35.8%35.7%10.4%2.7%85.6%72.6%13.0 ... 2. Excludes persons for whom age is not available.. 3. Excludes persons enumerated in the Indian Territory and on Indian ... The following table lists the U.S. population from 1860 to 2010 according to age, race, and nativity. ...
Distribution to persons under age eighteen.. (1) Any person eighteen years of age or over who violates RCW 69.50.401 by ... 2) Except as provided in RCW 69.50.475, any person eighteen years of age or over who violates RCW 69.50.401 by distributing any ... to a person under eighteen years of age is guilty of a class A felony punishable by the fine authorized by RCW 69.50.401(2) (a ... other controlled substance listed in Schedules I, II, III, IV, and V to a person under eighteen years of age who is at least ...
Belgium People , Age distribution Profiles (Subcategories). Population aged 0-4 3 Population aged 60 or over 3 ... Population aged 0-14 , Total: Number of people aged 0-14. * Population aged 0-4 , Percent: Percentage of total population aged ... Population aged 0-4 , Total: Number of people aged 0-4. * Population aged 15-24 , Percent: Percentage of total population aged ... A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older. * Median age: The median age of the countrys residents. This is the age most ...
Furthermore, the age distribution of disaggregated industries (such as the international airline industry) is less regular and ... While several plots of the aggregate age distribution suggest that firm age is exponentially distributed, we find some ... Age distribution; exponential distribution; firm size distribution; survival; All these keywords. JEL classification:. *L20 - ... "The Exponential Age Distribution and the Pareto Firm Size Distribution," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, ...
In the distribution of groceries, the operations of specialty salesmen have reached a state almost of perfection--from the ... But he can point to the fact that it is hardly progress to have increased the number of channels of distribution and to have ... To anyone who has observed the steady effort in the past decade to eliminate the wholesaler as a factor in distribution, it is ... It is true that independent wholesalers today do not control the channels of distribution as fully as was the case fifty years ...
The salesman is an essential cog in our present machinery of distribution, but we have come to look upon what is merely a cog ... We are dependent upon high pressure distribution; we are dependent upon high pressure salesmanship; we are dependent upon high ... or to regulate distribution, consumers should simply ignore the manufacturers propaganda and stop buying high priced goods ... to keep itself alive during all the ages before advertising was invented. But now we are told, it is dependent upon advertising ...
Social class and age distribution in Reyes syndrome. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986; 292 :379 doi:10.1136/bmj.292.6517.379 ... Social class and age distribution in Reyes syndrome.. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986; 292 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj. ...
... Ann A. McDermed, Robert L. Clark, Steven G. Allen. NBER ... Pension Wealth, Age-Wealth Profiles, and the Distribution of Net Worth. McGarry and Davenport. w6171 Pensions and the ... Pension Wealth, Age-Wealth Profiles, and the Distribution of Net Worth, Ann McDermed, Robert L. Clark, Steven G. Allen. in The ... Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health. Digest - Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month. Reporter - News ...
Acoustics - Statistical distribution of hearing thresholds as a function of age. Original title. Acoustique - Distribution ... sound frequency; standard; statistical evaluation; age-linked differences. Document type. F - Information notes, codes of ... thresholds given relative to the median hearing threshold at the age of 18 years and the expected statistical distribution ... This international standard provides statistics of the hearing threshold for populations of various ages. It specifies, for the ...
Table 2: SMSF age distribution. This table shows the age distribution of SMSFs, based on years since their establishment date. ... SMSF age distribution. SMSF age since establishment (as at 30/06/2015) ...
Effective immediately, New Age Electronics, Synnexs national CE and gaming subsidiary, will distribute a select assortment of ... Sennheiser Taps Synnexs New Age For Retail Distribution. Alan Wolf ⋅ Published: September 2, 2015 ... www.twice.com/retailing/sennheiser-taps-synnexs-new-age-retail-distribution-58438" title="Share via Email" class="share-email ... www.twice.com/retailing/sennheiser-taps-synnexs-new-age-retail-distribution-58438" title="Share via Email" class="share-email ...
Chris Horton and John Sloss on the panel "Licensing and Distribution in the Modern Age." ... Chris Horton and John Sloss on the panel "Licensing and Distribution in the Modern Age." ... "Licensing and Distribution in the Modern Age" with John Sloss. Full disclosure, my film is a Sundance Institute Documentary ... Distribution is a hard road for any independent film and perhaps more so for a documentary - and even more so for one about gay ...
... which relates variations in the entire age distribution to the normalized stock price under a flexible functional form. The ... main findings of this paper are that there is a significant impact from prime working-age consumers on the stock price, and ... "How does changing age distribution impact stock prices? A nonparametric approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley ... "How does changing age distribution impact stock prices? a nonparametric approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley ...
AGE DISTRIBUTION. When drawn as a "population pyramid," age distribution can hint at patterns of growth. A top heavy pyramid, ...
Film Distribution in the Digital Age critically examines the evolution of the landscape of film distribution in recent years. ... Film Distribution in the Digital Age critically examines the evolution of the landscape of film distribution in recent years. ... Full of fascinating stories and carefully researched case studies, Film Distribution in the Digital Age expertly updates screen ... A must-read for anyone interested in the growing field of media distribution studies. - Paul McDonald, Professor of Culture, ...
The age distribution of cancer and a multi-stage theory of carcinogenesis.. ARMITAGE P, DOLL R. ...
Patient Age Distribution in Thalassemia Major: Changes From 1973 to 1985. Howard A. Pearson, Dorothy K. Guiliotis, Linda Rink, ... Patient Age Distribution in Thalassemia Major: Changes From 1973 to 1985. Howard A. Pearson, Dorothy K. Guiliotis, Linda Rink, ... Patient Age Distribution in Thalassemia Major: Changes From 1973 to 1985 Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Patient Age Distribution in Thalassemia Major: Changes From 1973 to 1985. Howard A. Pearson, Dorothy K. Guiliotis, Linda Rink ...
The U.S. Supreme Court broadened the scope of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. With the aging of the baby boomer ... The MDM Investment Banks in Distribution directory is a listing of firms with expertise in the wholesale distribution industry. ... most of whom were over 40 years of age; and 3) a few with more than five years of service, who were under 40 years of age. ... First, with the aging of the baby boomer generation, there is a greater statistical likelihood that employees affected by an ...
Distribution. Because of their widespread distribution, oaks play an significant ecological role in many forest communities. Of ... Mixed age stands are not as common as single age stands in many areas. More intensive management to provide light openings, ... Distribution, Historic Importance, Acorns, Wood, Ecological Significance - Economic importance ...
Distribution, geochemistry and age of the Millennium eruptives of Changbaishan volcano, Northeast China - A review. ... Jwa Y-J, Lee J-I, Zheng X (2003). A study on the eruption ages of Baekdusan: 1. Radiocarbon (14C) age for charcoal and wood ... Liu J, Wang S (1982). Changbaishan volcano and the age of Tianchi. Chin Sci Bull, 21: 1312-1315 (in Chinese)Google Scholar ... Lowe D J, Shane P A R, Alloway B V, Newnham R M (2008). Fingerprints and age models for widespread New Zealand tephra marker ...
Tag archives: New Age. A FREE service for journalist looking to boost press release distrubtion to a broad range of UK arts & ... Free Press Release Distribution website. 10 Broomfield Lane. Hale, Altrincham. Cheshire. WA15 9AQ ...
  • The proportion of the elderly in our series increased along with the rise in the average age of the population. (nih.gov)
  • The symptoms of acute appendicitis and the clinical findings are identical in the elderly and in the younger patients, but the disease in the aged advanced more rapidly to perforation and the mortality among them was higher. (nih.gov)
  • We analyzed the distribution of 11 periodontitis-related bacterial species in dental plaque collected from 176 Japanese dogs divided into young (less than 2 years of age), middle-aged (2-7 years of age) and elderly (more than 8 years of age) groups using a polymerase chain reaction method. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Clinical examination revealed that no dogs in the young group were affected by periodontitis, whereas the rates for gingivitis and periodontitis were high in the middle-aged and elderly groups. (nii.ac.jp)
  • In addition, the total numbers of bacterial species in the middle-aged and elderly groups were significantly greater than in the young group. (nii.ac.jp)
  • The age distributions of the Okhotsk had low proportions of young adults and high proportions of elderly adults. (nii.ac.jp)
  • The newly employed technique of the Bayesian estimation yielded the age distributions with significant numbers of elderly individuals, which are contrary to usual paleodemographic estimates. (nii.ac.jp)
  • This is a multi-center study designed to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a Fluzone revaccination in elderly adults aged ≥ 65 years. (bioportfolio.com)
  • MODFLOW and MODPATH, to measure the distributions of groundwater age, impacted by climate change (IPSL-CM5A-MR), based on representative concentration pathways, defined in terms of atmospheric CO 2 concentration, e.g., 2.6 to 8.5, for the periods 2020 to 2099. (mdpi.com)
  • Our aim was to investigate the potential refuge locations using species distribution modelling to estimate the geographical distribution of suitable climatic conditions for selected rodent species during the LGM. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • We developed predictive distribution models based on the species present-day European distributions and validated these against their present-day Siberian ranges. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The models with the best predictors of the species distributions across Siberia were projected onto LGM climate simulations to assess the distribution of climatically suitable areas. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The best distribution models provided good predictions of the present-day Siberian ranges of the study species. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The role of Quaternary glacial-interglacial intervals in shaping the diversity and distribution of Neotropical species has been the focus of considerable research. (bioone.org)
  • Understanding spatial distributions of fish species is important to those seeking to manage fisheries and advise on marine developments. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal , Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 4, pages 1-30. (repec.org)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2009-23, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography. (repec.org)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Economics Discussion Papers 2010-12, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW). (repec.org)
  • This stands in contrast to a constant exit hazard over time predicted by the exponential age distribution benchmark. (economics-ejournal.org)
  • It therefore does not seem appropriate to assume an exponential age distribution for firms as such an assumption would imply constant survival rates (if entry rates are constant). (economics-ejournal.org)
  • This paper examines the age and gender dimensions of income distribution and fiscal incidence in New Zealand using Household Expenditure Survey (HES) data for 2010 and a non-behavioural micro-simulation model. (ssrn.com)
  • Since many fiscal policies are likely to have quite different incidences across age groups and genders, and with population ageing changing the age and gender composition of the voting population in many countries, age/gender dimensions of fiscal incidence become increasingly relevant. (ssrn.com)
  • Our evidence, which in general is not highly sensitive to sharing assumptions, suggests a strong 'life cycle' aspect to fiscal incidence whereby net tax liabilities are low, and generally negative, at younger and older ages but positive during much of the 'working age' period. (ssrn.com)
  • Nevertheless, considerable heterogeneity of fiscal incidence for both men and women is observed with the distributions of various fiscal incidence measures showing substantial overlap. (ssrn.com)
  • Background: Historically, female breast carcinoma has been viewed as an etiologically homogeneous disease associated with rapidly increasing incidence rates until age 50 years, followed by a slower rate of increase among older women. (aacrjournals.org)
  • More recent studies, however, have shown distinct age incidence patterns for female breast cancer when stratified by estrogen receptor (ER) expression and/or histopathologic subtypes, suggesting etiologic heterogeneity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Materials and Methods: To determine if different age incidence patterns reflect etiologic heterogeneity (more than one breast cancer type within the general breast carcinoma), we applied "smoothed" age histograms at diagnosis (density plots) and a two-component statistical mixture model to all breast carcinoma cases ( n = 270,124) in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Conclusions: Distinct age-specific incidence patterns reflected bimodal breast cancer populations for breast carcinoma overall as well as for histopathologic subtypes, race, and ER expression. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In addition to the two age incidence patterns for ER expression, SEER data show three incidence rate curves according to histopathologic subtype ( 6 - 8 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • First, there is a rapid increase in incidence until age 50 years, then a slower increase for ductal, tubular, and lobular carcinomas, as for ER-positive tumors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • To explore further the age incidence patterns for different histopathologic types, we applied descriptive techniques (age-density plots) and a model-based analysis using two-component statistical mixture and single-density models. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The age-specific incidence of human carcinomas is described by a normal distribution. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The number of mutations, four to six, is based almost exclusively on the analysis of age-specific incidence data. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Several anomalies exist with the age-specific incidence data. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Prostate carcinoma incidence increases more rapidly with age than most others, implying that 15 to 20 mutations are required. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Hence, one approach to better understand epithelial carcinogenesis is to find a mathematical model that can explain the age incidence curves for all carcinomas. (aacrjournals.org)
  • To pursue this goal, I compared a model (a normal distribution) with age-specific incidence data compiled by the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program on human carcinomas. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Results indicate that the age-specific incidence data from most human carcinomas are consistent with being generated by a normal distribution. (aacrjournals.org)
  • For instance, each of the 31 individual data sets, representing incidence in the 31 years from 1973 to 2003, gave P-values between 0.01 and 1.0 for both lung and colon carcinoma, suggesting no basis for discarding the hypothesis that these incidence numbers follow a normal distribution. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Breast carcinoma age-specific incidence data is only consistent with a model in which the data is generated by two distinct normal distributions. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Prostate carcinoma age-specific incidence data was consistent with a single normal distribution from 1973 to 1990, but since then is only consistent with a model in which two distinct normal distributions generate the data. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We calculated the average annual incidence by age and sex and used incidence rate ratios (IRRs) to describe changes in Lyme disease incidence by age and sex over time. (medworm.com)
  • The Age and Sex Distribution and Incidence of Neoplastic Diseases at the Memorial Hospital, New York City. (annals.org)
  • In 1973, a survey was done of the ages of 243 living patients with thalassemia major followed at 12 centers in the United States and Canada. (aappublications.org)
  • In his new position, West will lead operations for Lowe's regional and flatbed distribution centers, millwork facilities and bulk distribution centers. (chainstoreage.com)
  • Additionally, Target will hire 4,500 workers at the company's distribution and fulfillment centers to replenish products to stores and fulfill digital sales throughout the season. (chainstoreage.com)
  • Phillips currently has 14 distribution centers across the country, and all have increased capacity for Fresh & Frozen storage. (petage.com)
  • The strategically located distribution centers allow for consistency in delivery and give Phillips a national footprint that is supporting the company's vision to be the preferred service provider in pet specialty. (petage.com)
  • It currently operates more than 85 U.S. stores across nine states on the East Coast, and distribution centers in Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina. (chainstoreage.com)
  • In 2014, Americans at age 65 could expect to live an additional 19.3 years according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or until about age 84. (inddist.com)
  • Age distributions differ among countries mainly because of differences in the levels and trends of fertility . (britannica.com)
  • Age distributions have also been influenced in varying ways by migrations, war losses, and differences in mortality-though these effects are generally less important than the influence of variations in fertility. (britannica.com)
  • The differences in distributions among life stages suggested a general coastal to offshore shift as cohorts developed with mature whiting mainly occupying deep offshore waters. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We investigated age-specific differences in distribution of influenza virus (sub)types in tropical Singapore, using laboratory-confirmed virological data collected under the national influenza surveillance programme in 2011-2017. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The most striking differences between normal and cataractous lenses fiber cells were the appearance of normal-sized ferritin H chains and the relatively even distribution of iron binding capacity throughout the fiber mass of the cataractous lenses. (molvis.org)
  • Results: A bimodal age distribution at diagnosis provided a better fit to the data than a single density for all breast carcinoma populations, except for medullary carcinoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Density distributions for age-0, age-1 and mature fish were modelled as functions of environmental variables using generalised additive mixed effects models. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We used Pfs25 mRNA quantitative-nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (QT-NASBA) to quantify gametocytes in 412 samples from a cross-sectional study in Burkina Faso, covering all age groups, to determine age-related patterns in gametocyte carriage and gametocyte density. (ajtmh.org)
  • only a small but significant age effect on gametocyte density may be caused by developing sexual stage-specific immunity. (ajtmh.org)
  • The purposes of this study are to examine the human skeletal remains associated with the Okhotsk culture, to estimate age-at-death distribution using the Buckberry-Chamberlain system of auricular surface aging and the Bayesian approach, and to discuss whether paleodemographic estimates can yield an appropriate mortality profile of prehistoric hunter-gatherers in Japan. (nii.ac.jp)
  • In addition, there was a specific and distinct distribution of these modified chains throughout the lens fiber mass. (molvis.org)
  • Age distribution , also called Age Composition , in population studies, the proportionate numbers of persons in successive age categories in a given population. (britannica.com)
  • Thus, a population that has experienced a recent decline in fertility tends to have relatively small numbers both of children and of aged persons and a large proportion of adults in the middle ages. (britannica.com)
  • Yet the migration of young adults, who bring children with them or soon have children in the area to which they move, is likely to swell the number both of adults in the middle ages and of children in the receiving country, while the proportion of aged persons remains low-with reverse effects on the population of an area from which there is a large net out movement. (britannica.com)
  • Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. (nationmaster.com)
  • VANTAGE Aging promotes positive aging through a variety of programs and services for older adults. (volunteermatch.org)
  • WHO has highlighted the skewed age distribution of these confirmed cases toward children and young adults, with relatively few cases in older age categories ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • and 3) the skewed distribution of cases toward children and young adults transcends sex, reporting period, patient outcome, geographic location, and, by implication, local cultural and demographic determinants. (cdc.gov)
  • The bulge centered on the age range of 20 to 30 years in the 1980 pyramid corresponds to the post-World War II Baby Boomers, who were young adults at the early labor force age. (wa.gov)
  • Our findings suggest that age-related behaviors and susceptibilities may drive infections among children, and the shifting peak among adults likely reflects a probability proportional to the relative size of the baby boom population. (medworm.com)
  • Seasonal influenza is a cause of hospitalization, especially in people with underlying disease or extreme age, and its severity may differ depending on the types and subtypes of circulating viruses. (bioportfolio.com)
  • When fertility begins to decline from elevated levels, the population distribution by age changes. (un.org)
  • Population pyramids show the population distribution by age in bar-chart fashion with females on the right and males on the left. (wa.gov)
  • The median age of the country's residents. (nationmaster.com)
  • It specifies, for the range of audiometric frequencies from 125Hz to 8000Hz and for populations of otologically normal persons of a given age, within the age limits of 18 to 70 years, the expected median value of hearing thresholds given relative to the median hearing threshold at the age of 18 years and the expected statistical distribution above and below the median value. (ilo.org)
  • Washington's median age increased from 29.8 years in 1980 to 37.3 years in 2010. (wa.gov)
  • The study also examines how estimates of inequality in the wealth distribution change when pension wealth is added to household balance sheets. (nber.org)
  • Film Distribution in the Digital Age critically examines the evolution of the landscape of film distribution in recent years. (springer.com)
  • This study examines the effect of aging on taste sensitivity in nonsmoking Mennonite populations. (ku.edu)
  • The Distribution of PSA Age-Specific Profiles in Healthy Irish Men between 20 and 70," ISRN Oncology , vol. 2012, Article ID 832109, 4 pages, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Twenty-two percent were younger than 5 years and 2.1% were older than 25 years of age (mean 11.4 ± 6.7 [SD] years). (aappublications.org)
  • In 2017, approximately 15.41 percent of the EU population were aged between 0 and 14 years. (statista.com)
  • Tickner's Distribution is a key partner in Brilliant Salmon Oil's North American launch, helping the company bring its growing line of pure, unrefined and gently liberated 100 percent Norwegian salmon oil. (petage.com)
  • By integrating renewable energy sources with a high-capacity energy storage system and a customizable energy management system, New Age Energy has the potential to provide its clients with up to 100 percent of their renewable energy needs. (wisbusiness.com)
  • During the survey period, around 12.7 percent of children from New Zealand aged between five and nine years had a body mass index indicating that they were obese. (statista.com)
  • This is a big change from 1994, when people ages 55 and older represented only 11.9 percent of the labor force - a share smaller than those held by other age groups: 16-24, 25-34, 35-44 and 45-54. (inddist.com)
  • The labor force is aging: percent distribution of the labor force by age group. (inddist.com)
  • Short report: high prevalence and imbalanced age distribution of the Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase gene Asn108 mutation in an area of low pyrimethamine usage in Nigeria. (ajtmh.org)
  • Prevalence of gametocytes significantly decreased with age. (ajtmh.org)
  • Our data suggest that asexual parasite densities are primarily responsible for the age-related decrease of gametocyte prevalence, possibly because of developing asexual stage immunity. (ajtmh.org)
  • The Social Security earnings test was eliminated in 2000 for workers who have reached their full retirement age. (inddist.com)
  • Most evident at the tip of the population pyramid is the larger number of females in the older age cohorts. (wa.gov)
  • We converted patient age at time of illness into patient birth year to ascertain disease patterns according to birth cohorts. (medworm.com)
  • Looking into the demography of an Iron Age population in the western Mediterranean. (nii.ac.jp)
  • A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older. (nationmaster.com)
  • The IOTF cut-off points are sex- and age-specific, and designed to coincide with the World Health Organization's adult BMI cut-off points. (statista.com)
  • The segmentation of the global clear aligners market on the basis of age groups is carried out on the basis of teenager and adult. (medgadget.com)
  • and 3) a few with more than five years of service, who were under 40 years of age. (mdm.com)
  • For 2013 and 2014, the maximum IRA contribution across all accounts is the smaller of $5,500 ($6,500 if over 50 years of age) or the taxable compensation f. (reference.com)
  • The 2014 and 2015 annual contribution limit for a traditional IRA is $5,500 and $6,500 for people over 49 years of age. (reference.com)
  • Examination of case-patients in the 30- to 39-year age category showed a pronounced "front-loading" effect, with 21 case-patients 30-35 years of age and only 6 case-patients 36-39 years of age. (cdc.gov)
  • 30-35 years of age, and the age skew that transcends the sociocultural and demographic contexts of countries and continents. (cdc.gov)
  • The interviewer classified by age all women living in the selected house and consulted a chart that indicated which of the eleven 5-year age groups (between 15 to 19 years of age and ≥65 years) should be obtained from that household. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Children under 11 years of age have experienced influenza A-prime almost exclusively. (jimmunol.org)
  • The age to receive full Social Security benefits was raised in 1983, grows higher according to year of birth, and is currently 67 years of age for those born in 1960 or after. (inddist.com)
  • Medullary carcinomas showed a single age distribution at diagnosis irrespective of race and/or ER expression. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Second, there is a rapid increase until age 50 years followed by leveling for medullary and inflammatory carcinomas, similar to curves for ER-negative tumors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Finally, there is a steady increase with aging for papillary and mucinous carcinomas, as is seen for epithelial tumors such as colorectal carcinoma ( 9 , 10 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Specifically, I used annual SEER-9 (Single Ages) data from 1973-2003 for human colon, lung, prostate, and breast carcinomas. (aacrjournals.org)
  • I conclude that the underlying carcinogenesis process, along with cohort effects, can be mathematically modelled with a single normal distribution for colon and lung carcinomas, and with two normal distributions for breast and modern prostate carcinomas. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This statistic depicts the share of children aged between two and 14 years with a body mass index indicating being obese in New Zealand as of June 2018, by age. (statista.com)
  • During the study period, children aged 5-9 years were most frequently and consistently affected. (medworm.com)
  • Thus, the city claimed that its Pay Plan was reasonable due to its reliance on factors other than age. (mdm.com)
  • Sequence Risks, Distribution Periods (Longevity Percentiles), Asset Allocations and Superannuation represent the factors incorporated into four "levers" available to practitioners to measure and manage sustainable distributions from the earlier retirement years through superannuated retirement ages. (ssrn.com)
  • An individual then factors in his life expectancy along with his spouse's and divides the IRA balance by this new distribution period. (reference.com)
  • An explanation for this age bias is currently lacking, although a range of behavioral, biological, demographic, and data-related factors may account for the observed pattern ( 2 , 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Behavioral factors increase the risk for exposure in younger persons and have been proposed as 1 determinant of the age distribution of confirmed human cases of avian influenza (H5N1) ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Such factors may include an age-related bias in case recognition, in which clinical suspicion about the cause of respiratory disease in older persons is lower. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective: To investigate the types of HPV, age distribution, and risk factors for HPV infection in women from Santiago, Chile. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Age is considered along with other factors such as one's educational background and work experience to determine what benefits a person is eligible to receive. (wiredprnews.com)
  • Applicants may be grouped by their age and other factors to determine their "residual functional capacity" or the level of work they may be able to perform. (wiredprnews.com)
  • However, the market for clear aligners can be hindered by factors such as the limitations involved in the use of clear aligners and the grey market for the distribution of clear aligners. (medgadget.com)
  • Using epidemiological and microbiological data from 39,786 genotyped rotavirus-positive specimens collected between September 2007 and August 2013, we assessed genotype distribution and age distribution of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) cases in and out of peak season in 12 countries which were yet to implement routine rotavirus vaccination. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Ice age distributions of European small mammals: insights from sp. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Dynamic, serially connected, and annually recalculated, cash flows based on age and longevity percentiles provide insights into retirement distribution tradeoffs. (ssrn.com)
  • When drawn as a "population pyramid," age distribution can hint at patterns of growth. (censusscope.org)
  • I fit a normal distribution to each of the 31 annual period's data using maximum likelihood estimators, then tested whether the normal distribution was consistent with the data using the chi-squared goodness of fit test. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The Population Division monitors levels and trends in the population age distribution and analyses their socio-economic implications, including for the living arrangements of older persons. (un.org)
  • Percentage of total population aged 60 and older. (nationmaster.com)
  • Number of people aged 60 and older. (nationmaster.com)
  • In Summit and Medina Counties, we facilitate the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) for people age 55 and older who want to make a meaningful impact in the community. (volunteermatch.org)
  • The Court agreed, holding that even employment actions that result in a disparate impact on older workers won't result in liability under the ADEA, where the reason is a RFOA (reasonable factor other than age). (mdm.com)
  • For many decades, mesothelioma-an aggressive cancer that occurs in the mesothelium, the thin layer of tissue that covers the internal organs-has largely affected men age 60 and older. (newsinferno.com)
  • Women, on average, are found to have a systematically and persistently lower net fiscal liability than men, most pronounced at older ages when greater female longevity exercises a strong influence. (ssrn.com)
  • For older individuals their advancing age may make it easier to receive approval because of the limitations on what they can be expected to be able to take on with a disability. (wiredprnews.com)
  • The first is an aging population: baby boomers - those born from 1946 to 1964 - are moving into older age groups. (inddist.com)
  • 2009 distribution of federal tax change, by cash income percentile, of repealing the age limitations on the childless EITC compared to a current law baseline for tax units 65 and older. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • In addition to the traditionally recognized Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 ka) refuge areas in the Mediterranean region, more northerly LGM distributions for temperate and boreal taxa in central and eastern Europe are increasingly being discussed based on palaeoecological and phylogeographical evidence. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Succession planning in today's rapidly changing and highly competitive distribution marketplace is underscored by the increasing advances in technology-business owners need to capitalize on technology to keep their business growing and focused on the future. (inddist.com)
  • Rates for ER-negative tumors increase rapidly until age 50 years, then flatten or decrease, whereas ER-positive tumors increase rapidly until age 50 years, then continue to increase at a slower pace. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Phillips Pet Food & Supplies , a national pet product distributor and Pet Age's 2018 Distributor of the Year, will expand its Fresh & Frozen category on July 2, 2018, to further its initiative to build the industry's leading distribution platform. (petage.com)
  • Survival rates and hazard rates not being constant over time is consistent with the notion that the Weibull distribution is a more accurate representation of survival possibilities than the exponential distribution, a notion which is supported by theory as well as empirically. (economics-ejournal.org)
  • It is obvious that high initial hazard rates followed by more or less constant rates for a range of durations before a phase of very low hazard rates, as implied by a 'shape' parameter below 1, would result in an age distribution consistent with the author's observations. (economics-ejournal.org)
  • Different age groups of population have different vulnerability to the disease and different contact frequencies. (hindawi.com)
  • In order to achieve the maximum effects, the distribution of vaccine doses to the groups of individuals needs to be optimized. (hindawi.com)
  • The highest influenza positivity for age groups of 5-14 years and 15-64 years coincided in the same month in five out of the seven years under study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We used a three-stage random sampling to select an age-stratified sample of 1,100 women (100 women in each of 11 age groups) living in the area served by El Roble Health Center, with a population of 32,085 inhabitants, in Santiago, Chile. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A comparison of the frequency and magnitude of heterologous antibody increase to monovalent vaccines in three age groups demonstrates that people over 30 yeras of age have had maximal experience with swine-like strains of influenza virus, less with Type A strains and at least with A prime viruses. (jimmunol.org)
  • Separate breakdowns are provided for select age groups. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Those in the younger age categories may also be able to receive additional training or education that would allow them to still perform certain types of work or find employment, even when their disability is considered. (wiredprnews.com)
  • At the heart of this is distribution is their algorithm - the secret formula that determines what appears in your search or in your news feed. (talkaboutlocal.org.uk)
  • First, with the aging of the baby boomer generation, there is a greater statistical likelihood that employees affected by an employment decision will be age-protected. (mdm.com)
  • Age and sex distribution of estimated resident population at 30 June for statistical divisions, statistical districts, statistical local areas and legal local government areas. (abs.gov.au)
  • To determine whether the statistical parameters of the case distribution can shed any light on the issue, we reviewed the age profile of patients with confirmed avian influenza A (H5N1) included in WHO's Situation Updates-Avian Influenza archive (January 13, 2004-May 18, 2006) ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • According to Castille, people today are working beyond age 65, sometimes by necessity, sometimes by choice. (marketwatch.com)
  • This is the age most people are in the country. (nationmaster.com)
  • Number of people aged 0-14. (nationmaster.com)
  • Number of people aged 15-24. (nationmaster.com)
  • it makes them liable for discriminating, for firing people on account of their age. (mdm.com)
  • Age Range Millions of People 0 - 9 34.9 10 - 19 35.7 20 - 29 36.8 30 - 39 38.1 40 - 49 37.8 50 - 59 37.5 60 - 69 34.5 70 - 79 27.2 80 - 89 18.8 90 - 99 7.7 100 - 109 1.7 Construct a cumulative frequency plot and describe what information the plot communicates about the distribution of ages in our future. (openstudy.com)
  • Social media companies have built hugely successful businesses on distribution models that filter out all the bits that are good for them or society and provide people with the things they want or are likely to want. (talkaboutlocal.org.uk)
  • With the phenomenal increase in college and high school golf teams, and with the ever greater place of golf in campus and social life, Teen Age Guide to Winning Golf can provide an open door to golf success for young people. (midpointtrade.com)
  • Credited with 15 online games, including the award winning “Dark Age of Camelot,†Mythic’s success is based in proprietary technology, superior game design and exemplary customer service delivered by a talented staff of more than 160 people. (gamershell.com)
  • In more recent years, you see fewer people entering the faculty at ages 28 and below, and very few people receiving an R01 award before age 33. (nih.gov)
  • By 2024, nearly 1 in 4 people in the labor force are projected to be age 55 or over. (inddist.com)
  • People have longer life expectancies, and they need enough income to live to higher ages. (inddist.com)
  • He led distribution, transportation and fulfillment for all brands in the Neiman Marcus Group. (chainstoreage.com)
  • Or with more PIs competing from the over 36 age group, it's forcing more young scientists to pursue post-docs or industry positions? (nih.gov)
  • If there were more than one woman in the age group, the one with the age closest to the mean age of the group was selected. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The most notable difference is for the 45-64 age group. (zanran.com)
  • New Age has a firm understanding of the need for energy storage and for opening key market channels for ZESS products into their zero net energy building systems. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Understanding and managing water quality in drinking water distribution system is essential for public health and wellbeing, but is challenging due to the number and complexity of interacting physical, chemical and biological processes occurring within vast, deteriorating pipe networks. (mdpi.com)
  • A population with persistently high fertility, for instance, has a large proportion of children and a small proportion of aged persons. (britannica.com)
  • A population, such as that of France , in which fertility has been low for a long time, has a smaller proportion of children and a larger proportion of aged persons. (britannica.com)
  • This international standard provides statistics of the hearing threshold for populations of various ages. (ilo.org)
  • As you move through the years from 1980 to 2010, you can see that both populations of faculty and PIs become less compressed in the age period between 28 and 65. (nih.gov)
  • Consider the age distribution in the United States in the year 2075 (as projected by the Census Bureau). (openstudy.com)
  • The Insurance Age events team works alongside the brand's editorial staff and industry advisors to produce content around key issues affecting the insurance industry. (insuranceage.co.uk)
  • Unrelated to the above, the term "Digital distribution" is also used in film distribution to describe distribution of content through physical digital media, in opposition to distribution by analog media such as photographic film and magnetic tape (see digital cinema). (wikipedia.org)
  • At what age are you eligible to receive Medicare? (reference.com)
  • If there was no eligible woman in the desired age category, the interviewer moved to the next household to the right. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Workers are not eligible for Medicare until age 65, so they may choose to continue to work to have health coverage from their employer. (inddist.com)
  • Many of these are kinetic in nature and hence residence time within a system (or water age) may be an indicator of such deterioration [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • A number of studies report an impairment of the genetically inherited ability to taste PTC as a function of age, but ignore the cumulative effect of smoking on taste deterioration. (ku.edu)
  • These results are congruent with the claims which ascribe the observed deterioration in PTC taste sensitivity to the cumulative effects of smoking, rather than to the effects of aging per se. (ku.edu)
  • The increase in the relative visceral fat volume with age was about 2.6 times larger in males than in pre-menopausal females, while post-menopausal females showed the same increase as male subjects. (nih.gov)
  • Males constitute the majority in each age cohort until the late 40's after which females outnumber males. (wa.gov)
  • Past research on the topic of sustainable withdrawal rates has primarily focused on longer distribution periods which apply to younger age retirees. (ssrn.com)
  • As a filmmaker who just spent this past year screening my feature documentary Before You Know It at festivals worldwide (SXSW world premiere in 2013) while also trying to navigate the ever-changing distribution landscape (my last film Trinidad was distributed in 2009) there was one panel in particular I was most anxious to attend: "Licensing and Distribution in the Modern Age" with John Sloss. (sundance.org)
  • Scheduled to open next year, it would be the company's third distribution center in the country. (chainstoreage.com)
  • A sustainable methodology needs to keep benefits connected to supporting asset values year by year throughout the entire distribution period. (ssrn.com)
  • The NIH started recording the age of most PIs around 1980, which is why the presentation above starts at that year. (nih.gov)
  • Prior to this he was distribution director at Swinton and, according to his Linked In page, left the broker in July last year, after being made redundant. (insuranceage.co.uk)
  • The greatest densities of age-0 whiting occurred over finer sediments where temperatures were between 12 to 13°C. Age-0 whiting densities decreased with increasing depth. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Higher densities of age-1 whiting were also associated with fine sediments and peaked at 60 m, but this influence was also dependent on proximity to shore. (bioportfolio.com)
  • What should the withdrawal rate sequence be in order to sustain portfolio values sufficient to continue cash flows from old retirement ages throughout superannuation? (ssrn.com)
  • RMD stands for "required minimum distribution" and is the minimum amount an individual must withdraw from his IRA or retirement plan account once he reache. (reference.com)
  • This means that if a worker is at their full retirement age, their Social Security benefits are not reduced if they earn wages. (inddist.com)
  • In cross-sectional distributions of income or wealth, classical inequality measures such as the Gini could therefore find substantial inequality even if everyone has the same lifetime income or wealth. (umn.edu)
  • The adgini command also provides options to produce other well-known age-adjusted inequality measures, such as the Paglin-Gini (Paglin, 1975, American Economic Review 65: 598-609) and the Wertz-Gini (Wertz, 1979, American Economic Review 69: 670-672), and provides efficient estimation of the classical Gini coefficient. (umn.edu)
  • Using a variety of methods and assumptions, the distribution becomes more equal when the definition of wealth is expanded to include pension assets. (nber.org)
  • These data suggest that there is a definite gender difference in the age-related changes in whole-body fat distribution, especially in the abdominal fat tissues. (nih.gov)
  • Today, I want to discuss this by comparing the average age of NIH PIs to the age of faculty in medical schools using data generously provided by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). (nih.gov)
  • The term is generally used to describe distribution over an online delivery medium, such as the Internet, thus bypassing physical distribution methods, such as paper, optical discs, and VHS videocassettes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980, less than 1% of PIs were over age 65, and now PIs over age 65 constitute nearly 7% of the total. (nih.gov)
  • In parallel, in 1980, close to 18% of all PIs were age 36 and under. (nih.gov)
  • The study employs a nonparametric approach based on the Fourier Flexible Form representation, which relates variations in the entire age distribution to the normalized stock price under a flexible functional form. (repec.org)
  • MILWAUKEE, Aug. 7 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - ZBB Energy Corporation (AMEX:ZBB) announced today that it has entered into a sales distribution agreement with New Age Energy, Inc. of Mount Laurel, NJ and will partner with New Age to initially supply its ZESS 50(TM) regenerative fuel cell for the new Zero Net Energy visitors center at Rutgers University. (wisbusiness.com)
  • The unique observations provided in this analysis are the similarity of the sex-specific curves by age for acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplasia types, polycythemia rubra vera, and myelofibrosis (or myelosclerosis). (nih.gov)
  • Our findings suggest that age is an important factor associated with the distribution of periodontitis-related bacteria and periodontal conditions in dogs. (nii.ac.jp)