Establishment of the age of an individual by examination of their skeletal structure.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.

Long-term results of GH therapy in GH-deficient children treated before 1 year of age. (1/225)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term effects of GH therapy in early diagnosed GH-deficient patients treated before 1 year of age. STUDY DESIGN: We studied all 59 patients (33 males) recorded by Association France-Hypophyse and treated with GH (0.50+/-0.15 IU/kg (S.D.) per week) before 1 year of age. Clinical presentation and growth parameters under GH treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: Neonatal manifestations of hypopituitarism were frequent: hypoglycemia (n=50), jaundice (n=25) and micropenis (n=17/33). Although birth length was moderately reduced (-0.9+/-1.4), growth retardation at diagnosis (5.8+/-3.8 months) was severe (-3.5+/-1.9 standard deviation scores (SDS)). Fifty patients (85%) had thyrotropin and/or corticotropin deficiency. After a mean duration of GH therapy of 8.0+/-3.6 years, change in height SDS was +3.11+/-2.06 S.D., exceeding 4 SDS in 19 patients. Only 9 patients (15%) did not reach a height of -2 S.D. for chronological age and 20 patients (34%) exceeded their target height. Pretreatment height SDS was independently associated with total catch-up growth. CONCLUSION: Conventional doses of GH allow normalization of height in patients with early GH deficiency and treatment.  (+info)

Growth hormone treatment in young children with Down's syndrome: effects on growth and psychomotor development. (2/225)

BACKGROUND: Learning disability and short stature are cardinal signs of Down's syndrome. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), regulated by growth hormone (GH) from about 6 months of age, may be involved in brain development. AIMS: To study long term effects of GH on linear growth and psychomotor development in young children with Down's syndrome. Study design-Fifteen children with Down's syndrome were treated with GH for three years from the age of 6 to 9 months (mean, 7.4). Linear growth, psychomotor development, skeletal maturation, serum concentrations of IGF-I and its binding proteins (BPs), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of IGF-II were studied. RESULTS: The mean height of the study group increased from -1.8 to -0.8 SDS (Swedish standard) during treatment, whereas that of a Down's syndrome control group fell from -1.7 to -2.2 SDS. Growth velocity declined after treatment stopped. Head growth did not accelerate during treatment. No significant difference in mental or gross motor development was found. The low concentrations of serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 became normal during GH treatment. CONCLUSIONS: GH treatment results in normal growth velocity in Down's syndrome but does not affect head circumference or mental or gross motor development. Growth velocity declines after treatment stops.  (+info)

Growth in Sotos syndrome. (3/225)

Although there are several reports on infant and childhood growth in patients with Sotos syndrome, there is little information on the final height achieved and puberty. Growth data on 40 patients (20 female and 20 male) aged 2-31 years were collected. These showed that patients with Sotos syndrome are excessively tall at birth, during infancy, and during childhood. Disproportionately long limbs constitute much of the increase in stature. However, the combination of advanced bone age and early onset of menarche led to a mean (SD) final height of 172.9 (5.7) cm in women. This is within the normal range for the population. Most of the men also attained a final height (mean, 184.3 cm; SD, 6.0) within the normal range, although exceptions were more likely in men than in women. Therefore, these results show that most patients with Sotos syndrome do not require intervention to limit their adult height.  (+info)

Estrogen supplementation for bone dematuration in young epileptic man treated with anticonvulsant therapy; a case report. (4/225)

We encountered a young man treated with anticonvulsant therapy who had greatly reduced bone mineral density. An 18-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for shoulder pain and further evaluation of decreased bone mineral density. He had been treated with anticonvulsants, including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid and zonisamide for seizures. Although testosterone was found within the normal range for adult men, the serum estrogen concentration was below the detection limit (< 10 pg/ml) and his wrist epiphyses were not yet closed. After 10 months of treatment with the conjugated estrogen, both his height and weight showed improvement, while his bone mineral density and bone age were increased. These findings suggested that estrogen therapy had a significant effect on his skeletal growth and bone maturation in man. This is the first report showing the beneficial effect of estrogen supplementation in an epileptic man receiving treatment with anticonvulsants.  (+info)

Bone age assessment: a large scale comparison of the Greulich and Pyle, and Tanner and Whitehouse (TW2) methods. (5/225)

PURPOSE: Comparison of bone age assessed using either the "atlas matching" method of Greulich and Pyle or the "point scoring system" of Tanner and Whitehouse (TW2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 362 consecutive "bone age" radiographs of the left hand and distal radius performed in a large provincial teaching hospital. Data were analysed using the "method comparison" statistical technique. Ten per cent of the radiographs were re-analysed to assess intra-observer variation. RESULTS: The 95% confidence interval for the difference between the two methods was 2.28 to -1.52 years. Intra-observer variation was greater for the Greulich and Pyle method than for the TW2 method (95% confidence limit, -2.46 to 2.18 v -1.41 to 1.43). CONCLUSION: The two methods of bone age assessment as used in clinical practice do not give equivalent estimates of bone age and we suggest that one method only (preferably the TW2) should be used when performing serial measurements on an individual patient.  (+info)

Skeletal maturity in Pakistani children. (6/225)

Skeletal maturity in 750 normal Pakistani children (400 males, 350 females) aged 1-18 y was determined by the Greulich-Pyle atlas system. Male children during first year and female children during first 2 y of life matured in conformity with Greulich-Pyle standards. After that period mean bone ages were lower than the American standards up to 15 y in males and 13 y in females (at or around puberty), which may be due to malnutrition, ill health or other environmental factors. After puberty bone ages were higher than the American standards indicating earlier maturity in Pakistani than Western children. Hence for the proper evaluation of skeletal age in a given region, a longitudinal study on individuals in that region to establish normal standards is necessary.  (+info)

The potential of digital dental radiography in recording the adductor sesamoid and the MP3 stages. (7/225)

The current study was undertaken to evaluate the reliability of using a recent advance in clinical radiographic technique, digital dental radiography, in recording two growth indicators: the adductor sesamoid and MP3 stages. With an exposure time five times less than that used in the conventional approach, this method shows greatest flexibility in providing a high quality digitized radiographic images of the two growth indicators under investigation. Refereed Paper  (+info)

Determination of age at death using combined morphology and histology of the femur. (8/225)

Bone is characterised by age-related morphological and histological changes. We have previously established an automated method of recording bone morphometry and histology from entire transverse sections of cortical bone. Our aim was to determine whether data acquired using this automated system were useful in the prediction of age. Ninety-six specimens of human femoral middiaphysis were studied from subjects aged 21-92 y. Equations predicting specimen age were constructed using macroscopic data (total subperiosteal area (TSPA), periosteal perimeter (PP), endosteal perimeter (EP), cortical bone area (CA) and moments of area) and microscopic data (the number, size and diversity of pores and intracortical porosity) together with sex, height and weight. Both TSPA and PP were independent predictors of age but the number of pores was not a significant predictor of age in any equation. The age predicted by these equations was inaccurate by more than 8 y in over half the subjects. We conclude that we could not predict age at a clinically acceptable level using data from our automated system. This most likely reflects an insensitivity to regional age-related changes in bone histology because we recorded data from each entire cortex. Automated bone measurement according to cortical region might be more useful in the prediction of age. The inclusion of TSPA together with PP as independent predictors of age raises the possibility that a future measure of periosteal shape at the femoral diaphysis could also be helpful in the prediction of age. The accuracy reached with the relatively simple methods described here is sufficient to encourage the development of image-analysis systems for the automatic detection of more complex features.  (+info)

Age determination by skeleton, also known as skeletal aging or skeletal maturation, is the process of estimating a person's age based on the analysis of their skeletal remains. This technique is commonly used in forensic anthropology to help identify unknown individuals or determine the time since death.

The method involves examining various features of the skeleton, such as the degree of fusion of epiphyseal growth plates, the shape and size of certain bones, and the presence or absence of degenerative changes. These features change in a predictable way as a person grows and develops, allowing for an estimation of their age at death.

It is important to note that while skeletal aging can provide useful information, it is not always possible to determine an exact age. Instead, forensic anthropologists typically provide a range of ages that the individual may have fallen into based on the skeletal evidence. Additionally, factors such as genetics, nutrition, and health can affect the rate at which skeletal features develop, making it difficult to provide a precise estimate in some cases.

"Age determination by teeth" is a method used in forensic dentistry to estimate the age of an individual based on the development and wear of their teeth. This process involves examining various features such as tooth eruption, crown and root formation, and dental attrition or wear.

The developmental stages of teeth can provide a rough estimate of age during childhood and adolescence, while dental wear patterns can offer insights into an individual's age during adulthood. However, it is important to note that there can be significant variation in tooth development and wear between individuals, making this method somewhat imprecise.

In addition to forensic applications, age determination by teeth can also be useful in archaeology and anthropology for studying past populations and their lifestyles.

The genetic determination of the Hasanlu lovers was male. The age of the two skeletons was also determined. Dental evidence ... and was estimated to have been aged to about 30-35 years. Sex determination of the left skeleton was less definitive. Evidence ... Approximately 246 skeletons, of a variety of ages and genders were found. The bodies were left where they were killed in the ... His skull was less developed, which was attributable to the young age of the individual. The left skeleton was estimated to be ...
Brooks, S; Suchey, JM (1990). "Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: A comparison of the Acsadi-Nemeskeri and ... Kunos and colleagues believe that the fourth rib is not the best to use due to misidentification in a disarticulated skeleton. ... Younger individuals age is based on tooth eruption and fusion of bone at different rates. Once the individual is aged, then ... Individuals going through growth will have different aging methods than those of adults. There are four different aging ...
... age determination, and bite-mark analysis. These are beneficial in helping prospective forensic practitioners move towards ... Using these parts of the skeleton, males and females can be correctly classified with over 90% accuracy. However, these ... this can assist with determining the age of the individual. The determination of sex is important in the identification of ... Twenty teeth will be present by the age of two years old. Thirty-two teeth will be present by the age of twenty-one, with the ...
The aging of adult skeletons is not as straightforward as aging a child's skeleton as the skeleton changes little once ... The determination of the age of children, under the age of 21, is usually performed by examining the teeth. When teeth are not ... This is due to the shrinkage of the skeleton that naturally occurs as a person ages. After age 30, a person loses approximately ... Age estimation of living individuals is carried out by estimating the biological age when the chronological age of the ...
In the front hall of the building was the fourth skeleton, too poorly preserved to allow determination of age or gender. Nearby ... The positions of the other three skeletons suggest that an earthquake caught them by surprise-the skeleton of a twenty-eight- ... Four human skeletons were found in its ruins; one, belonging to a young man, was found in an unusually contracted position on a ... Next to the sacrificial platform was the skeleton of a man in his late thirties, with broken legs. His arms were raised, as if ...
Examination of his teeth indicated he died around age 35, but this method of age determination is now believed to be inaccurate ... Old Tom's bones were preserved and his skeleton is now on display in the Eden Killer Whale Museum. The Davidson family was the ... Problems in Age Determination. International Conference on Determining Age of Odontocete Cetaceans (and Sirenians). La Jolla: ... Age determination of toothed whales and sirenians, pp. 143-154 Rep. Int. Whal. Comm. (Special Issue 3), cited in Know the ...
1997) made this determination with even more certainty when they described a partial skeleton of an adult Troodon (MOR 748) in ... Age determination studies performed on the Two Medicine troodont using growth ring counts suggest that this dinosaur reached ... A partial skeleton has been discovered with preserved puncture marks, possibly inflicted by a predator. Dinosaur eggs and nests ... Horner (1984) found isolated bones and partial skeletons of the hypsilophodont Orodromeus very near the nests in the same ...
The skeletons, or tests, of ancient radiolarians are used in geological dating, including for oil exploration and determination ... appearing in the same beds as the first small shelly fauna-they may even be terminal Precambrian in age. They have significant ... The elaborate mineral skeleton is usually made of silica. They are found as zooplankton throughout the global ocean. As ... The Acantharea produce skeletons of strontium sulfate and is closely related to a peculiar genus, Sticholonche (Taxopodida), ...
This second burial was located between the southern profile grid (C - 1A) and north grid profile (C - 1B) the skeleton has the ... The characteristics of these specimens, do not allow origin determination. It was possible to diagnose pathological problems in ... 30-35 years of age approximately. Most of the molars display a very marked wear that is typical of the prehispanic Nicaragua ... In addition to the skeleton, considered most complete; a large number of human bone remains fragments were found scattered in ...
1789 - The skeleton of a large animal is unearthed in Argentina. In 1796 Cuvier reports that it had an affinity to modern tree ... He coins the term "Mesozoic" for what Mantell had called "The Age of Reptiles." 1856 - Fossils are found in the Neander Valley ... 1830 - The Cuvier-Geoffroy debate in Paris on the determination of animal structure 1831 - Mantell publishes an influential ... 1823 - Buckland finds a human skeleton with mammoth remains at Paviland Cave on the Gower Peninsula, but at the time it is not ...
Interest in the age of the Haverty or Angeles Mesa Skeletons was heightened by the 1970 determination on the Los Angeles ( ... the four 14C determinations on the Haverty skeletons by the radiocarbon laboratories point to a middle Holocene age in the ... A more recent study of the Haverty skeletons concludes that at least some of the skeletons may be of 'terminal Pleistocene age ... Comment (LC & GK) date confirms our age estimate. A 1997 analysis asserts that the skeletons are 4,000 to 5,000 years old. A ...
... he unambiguous male skeleton from Tomb 55 proved decisively by a long list of biological developmental features his age at ... death to be in the range of 19-22 years which fully agrees with the results of the previous determination by Harrison (1966 ... The case for Smenkhkare comes mostly from the presumed age of the mummy (see below) which, between ages 18 and 26 would not fit ... Baker also uses a photograph of the pubic symphysis of the pelvis to narrow the age of KV55 to 18-23 based on recent techniques ...
... age determination by skeleton MeSH E01.370.350.700.060 - angiography MeSH E01.370.350.700.060.050 - angiocardiography MeSH ... age determination by teeth MeSH E01.370.350.700.720.700 - radiography, bitewing MeSH E01.370.350.700.720.720 - radiography, ... blood volume determination MeSH E01.370.370.170 - capillary fragility MeSH E01.370.370.380 - heart function tests MeSH E01.370. ... blood pressure determination MeSH E01.370.600.115 - body constitution MeSH E01.370.600.115.100 - body weights and measures MeSH ...
... to collaborate on a final determination of the skeleton's age. They reached a consensus that LM3 is about 40,000 years old. ... In 1987, an electron spin resonance test conducted on bone fragments from LM3's skeleton established an estimate of his age at ... The authors did recover ancient mtDNA from the Willandra Lakes skeleton WLH4 specimen, "estimated to be late Holocene in age (~ ... The age of 40,000 years is currently the most widely accepted age for the LM3, making LM3 the second oldest modern human fossil ...
Some evidence would seem to support Penner's argument, including the osteological determination of the skeletons in the B- ... The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age, or Scandinavian Bronze Age) is a period of Scandinavian prehistory from c. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nordic Bronze Age. Bronze Age Europe Bronze Age sword Egtved Girl The King's Grave Stone ... the Nordic Bronze Age was succeeded by the Pre-Roman Iron Age and the Jastorf culture. The Nordic Bronze Age is often ...
The mean age range for the Achavanich burial was concluded to be 3806 ± 21 before present. In addition to testing age, three of ... Most of the missing bones belong to the mid to upper left section of the skeleton, such as the entire left arm, left ribcage, ... More than half of the pelvis is absent, which caused more difficulty in the determination of sex. Examination of the cranium ... Fusion of the epiphyseal plates suggest the remains belong to an individual from the age range of 18-22 years old. The height ...
Skeletochronological implications on age determination and life history traits". Comptes Rendus Palevol. 16 (4): 425-439. ... Material: The vast majority of fossils do not preserve the complete skeleton of an animal. In these cases, the specific bones ... The exact age of some geological formations is not known. If this is the case, a range of possible ages is given. Unit: Most ... Age: The geological stage from which the specimen was recovered is listed, when it is known. ...
He took skin samples and mounted the skeleton; the skin samples were later lost during the Second World War, but the skeleton ... He died on 11 April 1890, at the age of 27. At around 3:00 p.m. Treves's house surgeon visited Merrick and found him lying dead ... He often said to me that he wished he could lie down to sleep 'like other people' ... he must, with some determination, have ... Merrick's mounted skeleton is not on public display. There is a small museum at the university, dedicated to Joseph Merrick's ...
... there was no existing scientific method for the determination of the age of any prehistoric remains. In the 1960s, Kenneth ... heads and tools and correctly concluded that the skeleton was in fact a male hunter-gatherer or warrior during the last Ice Age ... ages gracefully: New Ultrafiltration AMS determinations from Paviland", Journal of Human Evolution, 2008 Dinnis, R (2012). " ... heads and tools and correctly concluded that the skeleton was in fact a male hunter-gatherer or warrior during the last Ice Age ...
Determination of ancestry is controversial, but can give an understandable label to define the ancestry of an unidentified body ... These advances in our understanding of the past will be improved by the study of other skeletons buried in the same area. ... A typical analysis will include: an inventory of the skeletal elements present a dental inventory aging data, based upon ... An endeavor by the city of London to expand their railway system inadvertently uncovered 25 human skeletons at Charterhouse ...
Age estimation can be based on patterns of growth and development or degenerative changes in the skeleton. Many methods ... a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 68 (1): 15-28. ... Not all skeletons can be assigned a sex, and some may be wrongly identified as male or female. Sexing skeletons is based on the ... The estimation of age in bioarchaeology and osteology actually refers to an approximation of skeletal or biological age-at- ...
The change in colour of the puparium can determine the age of the pupa. Adults are 4-5 mm long. In Italy, they are easily ... The cephalopharyngeal skeleton has very short dorsal and ventral apodemes, the hypostomal scleritis is triangular. It lacks a ... The different shapes of the frontal stigmas allow determination of the larvae of the second and third stages, while the larva ... bites and fertile mine of larvae I and II age). To be reliable, the system first requires a suitable response in the trial, ...
... which were a few centimeters away from the skeleton, following a long gap in the skeleton behind the pelvis. The front half of ... based on its Jurassic age. This formation is now known as the Passaic Formation, and instead thought to be Late Triassic in age ... through pelvic height determination (based on von Huene's measurements). The paleontologist Gregory S. Paul estimated it to ... The age of this formation has long been unclear (it was thought to be Triassic until 1977), but it is currently thought to date ...
All determinations agreed on both the time and amplitude of the effect. In addition, measurements of coral skeletons from the ... stellar evolution theory allows an estimate of the age of a star: in most cases the age appeared to be above several hundred ... Since they can occur on stars of the same age, mass and composition as the Sun this cannot be ruled out, but no indication of ... It is well known that both the rotation rate and the magnetic activity of a star decrease with age in G-type stars. When flare ...
Age determination in fish Romer, Alfred Sherwood; Parsons, Thomas S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt- ... The cleithrum (plural cleithra) is a membrane bone which first appears as part of the skeleton in primitive bony fish, where it ... The bone has scientific use as a means to determine the age of fishes. The lobe-finned fishes share this arrangement. In the ...
Skeletochronological implications on age determination and life history traits". Comptes Rendus Palevol. 16 (4): 425-439. doi: ... It consists of a partial skeleton lacking the skull, the still present occiput probably not having been collected due its poor ... McIntosh, John S.; Miles, Clifford A.; Cloward, Karen C.; Parker, Jeffrie R. (1996-12-24). "A new nearly complete skeleton of ... However, several of these characteristics may reflect the old age of the specimen, rather than distinctive characteristics of ...
2019). Partial dyrosaurid skeleton discovered in the 1930s in Paleocene (Danian) strata along the Atlantic coast of Senegal is ... 2019). A study on the age of the fossils of Rhoetosaurus brownei is published by Todd et al. (2019). An isolated tooth-crown of ... evaluating their implications for the knowledge of feather shape evolution and the utility of barb angles for determination of ... The first postcranial skeleton of Bagaceratops reported so far is described from the Upper Cretaceous Barun Goyot Formation ( ...
In contrast, surface exposure dating of sediments indicate that skeleton StW 573 has an age of approximately 4 million years. ... Pickering, R.; Kramers, J.D. (2010). "Re-appraisal of the stratigraphy and determination of new U-Pb dates for the Sterkfontein ... "Stratigraphic analysis of the Sterkfontein StW 573 Australopithecus skeleton and implications for its age". Journal of Human ... The skeleton was named Little Foot, since the first parts found (in 1995, in storage) were the bones of a foot. Excavations ...
Sex determination in the posterior pelvis. Collegium Antropologicum 8:139-153. 1989. Determination of Sex and Race: Accuracy ... Hoyme Dies at Age 78". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-07-22. "Felis catus: Felidae: Carnivora: Mammalia: ... Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton. New York: Alan R. Liss. P53-93. (co-authored with MY İşcan). Buikstra, Jane; Buikstra ... Hoyme died on November 15, 2001, at the Heartland Health Care Center in Hyattsville, Maryland, at the age of 77 after several ...
... the method was considered a standard in the field of Forensic anthropology for determination of age, and over 40 age ... As a human skeleton grows and matures during a lifetime, a condition similar to osteoporosis occurs naturally. Cells replacing ... Kerley also contributed to hair analysis as it pertains to race, age, sex and cause of death. Child abuse studies were also a ... Kerley's published work on the matter in 1965, was based on the study of 126 specimens whose ages were already known by the ...
  • More than 1,000 skeletons of victims of the plague have been found in mass graves in the centre of the southern German city Nuremberg. (
  • Archaeologists in southern Germany have unearthed the skeletons of 1,000 plague victims from eight pits, forming what could be the largest mass grave ever excavated in Europe. (
  • The burials held "more than a thousand skeletons of Plague victims" and include potentially "the largest mass grave ever excavated in Europe. (
  • Dental evidence suggest SK 335 was a young adult, possibly 19-22 years of age. (
  • Every forensic anthropologic case is different, and many do not lend themselves to the collection of all of the lines of evidence listed above, because most of the human remains are traumatically incomplete, missing many of the 206 adult bones found in an intact adult skeleton. (
  • MATERIALS: An adult male, skeleton 403, exhumed from the Christian cemetery associated with the church dedicated to Saint Mamede (Travanca, Santa Maria da Feira), dated from the 17th-19th century AD. (
  • The determination of bone age is important for diagnosis and planning of patients with skeletal malocclusion with commitment and can be determined by cervical vertebrae. (
  • The independent t-test and chi-square test were used to determine significant differences among the continuous (age) and categorical variables (cervical vertebrae maturation stages) respectively when matched with gender and chronological age. (
  • Another pit yielded 150 bodies, but this number is also shrouded in uncertainty due to a nearby World War II bomb explosion that blew some of the skeletons apart in 1943. (
  • The skeletal remains of the Hasanlu Lovers were found together in a plaster-lined brick bin with no other objects except a stone slab under the head of one skeleton. (
  • Archaeologists excavated 500 skeletons from the three burials, but they said there were more remains when the burials were first made. (
  • Our fourfold approach included recording pelvic features on prehistoric skeletons, work on documented collections, anatomical specimens and clinical CT data. (
  • The hip bone is normally used and the ischiopubic index is one of the best parameters used for determination of sex. (
  • METHODS: Standard bioarchaeological methods were used for sex and age-at-death determinations, and leprosy-related bone lesions were identified through macroscopic analysis guided by paleopathological diagnostic criteria. (
  • Researchers identified the skeleton as male largely based on the pelvis. (
  • We can now detail out all information that is kept in those bones, e.g. the prevalence of different kinds of cancer, genetic mutations that show in skulls, age and sex determination, status of the teeth and conclusions from that to the general health and life circumstances in this period. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Skeleton 403 represents a probable case of leprosy according to the nature and distribution pattern of bony lesions observed. (
  • The excavations, which were carried out ahead of construction work in the city of Nuremberg, revealed eight pits each crammed with hundreds of skeletons belonging to adults, children and babies that date to between the late 15th and early 17th centuries. (
  • Patients in this age group present with a spectrum of diseases different from those of older children or adults. (
  • Researchers from the Division of Paleopathology of Pisa University (Pisa, Italy) exhumed the well-preserved skeleton of Maria Salviati (1499-1543), wife of Giovanni de' Medici, named "Giovanni of the Black Bands," in Florence in 2012. (
  • All three of the excavated graves were tightly packed with skeletons of varying ages, researchers said. (
  • Contextualizing the findings with an in-depth status analysis of women's graves, we found a young age for first-time mothers in their late teens and no particular differentiation between different kinds of women that could be explained by reproductive success. (
  • The typical age of first motherhood corresponds to high status values, suggesting a link between reproductive age and potential, but not necessarily actual, reproductive success. (
  • Campomelic dysplasia is a severe disorder that affects development of the skeleton, reproductive system, and other parts of the body. (
  • The SOX9 protein regulates the activity of other genes, especially those that are important for development of the skeleton and reproductive organs. (
  • All of these genetic changes prevent the SOX9 protein from properly controlling the genes essential for normal development of the skeleton, reproductive system, and other parts of the body. (
  • The two human skeletons were found together in a bin during excavations, seemingly embracing at the time of death, with no other objects except a stone slab under the head of one skeleton. (
  • The new excavations, on the other hand, revealed skeletons arranged in a seated position, facing in different directions and stacked one on top of another to fill every bit of available space. (
  • Within the burials, the team unearthed troves of green bones and skeletons - the remains were tinted green in the centuries following their burial when metal processing factories were built atop the graves. (
  • For anthropological and medicolegal reasons, sex is usually identified from the human skeleton. (
  • Development of the skeleton and human skeletal disorders. (
  • What is the significance of the anisotropic highway and the skeleton of a fascist chained to a machine gun? (
  • The study examined pelvic features in over 400 prehistoric and 200 modern female skeletons and tested their significance to predict births. (
  • In late 2018, NAI launched their healthy aging & wellness expansion with SR CarnoSyn ® beta-alanine, a patented, sustained release form of beta-alanine, which combines naturally with histidine in the body to produce carnosine. (
  • The first part of this two-part article describes the clinical picture and diagnosis of acute and chronic lead poisoning, with a particular emphasis on the developmental problems lead exposure causes in children between the ages of one and six years. (
  • The most common assay for phosphate determination in clinical laboratories is based on a spectrophotometric method of complexing the serum inorganic phosphate with ammonium molibdate at low pH and formation of an absorbent phosphomolibdate complex that is measured by the spectrophotometer instrument. (
  • Approximately 246 skeletons were found at the site altogether. (
  • Approximately 246 skeletons, of a variety of ages and genders were found. (
  • Among the 246 skeletons found, two of them were the remains of the Hasanlu Lovers. (
  • That was the time Anton went through the sign, and when he came back, he said that he found a blown-up bridge and the skeleton of a fascist chained to a machine gun. (
  • and 21 control individuals with mean ages of 12.00 ï ± 2.00 years (male), and 13.50 ï ± 1.90 years (female). (
  • Down Syndrome female had a delay tendency in skeletal maturation from 11-15 years of age. (
  • Participants: Children between the ages of 5-17 years consisting of 44 males and 30 females that presented in the Child Dental clinic over a period of eight months were recruited for the study. (
  • Participants will be able to explain how beta-alanine supplementation can lead to support of cognitive function to benefit healthy aging and wellness. (
  • Participants will be able to discuss the efficacy of beta-alanine ingestion on maximizing physical performance in different age and training groups, including competitive and tactical athletic populations. (
  • 2021). CT scans from a forensic database of recently deceased individuals aided in understanding the relationship between pelvic features and biological variables such as age, sex, stature and size, pelvic shape and the number of past pregnancies and births, demonstrating that pubic pitting is the most reliable marker to predict the number of children (Waltenberger et al. (
  • The lifetime maternal mortality risk can be estimated at around 10-15%, with women giving birth to between 7 and 8 children on average if they reached the age of menopause. (
  • When excavated, the skeletons were tested to determine various characteristics. (
  • Multinomial logistic regression used to determine the predictive effect of age, gender and BMI percentile on pubertal growth spurt. (
  • Experts are still working to determine the specific ages of the burials. (
  • Excavation of the site revealed burnt remains of huge mudbrick walls, thick layers of ash, skeletons, vessels, and more. (
  • He then left home and became an assistant master at Ventnor College, with an increased determination to make writing his life's work. (
  • SUGGESTION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH: The future detailed study of the remaining skeletons unearthed from the cemetery of the Church of São Mamede will hopefully reveal further osteological evidence of leprosy in addition to the application of ancient DNA analysis to confirm the presence of the pathogen of this disease. (
  • In addition, recent research interests also involve nutrient intervention for healthy aging. (
  • A total of 69,379 skeletons are included in this study. (
  • An innovative multidisciplinary exploration of an important paleoanthropological site in the Rift Valley of eastern Zaire, extending in age from over two million years ago to the present. (
  • The skeletons have been a subject of debate since they were first excavated. (
  • I watched in admiration as Lizzy Yarnold won the skeleton race at the Sochi Winter Olympics and it made me wonder about my own golf. (
  • Methods for actinides and Sr-90 determination in urine samples. (
  • How the lovers died and ended up in the bin is still under speculation but both skeletons lack evidence of injury near the time of death and possibly died of asphyxiation. (
  • NAI will showcase SR CarnoSyn ® for everyday wellness and healthy aging at booth TT9 and is sponsoring a Lunch & Learn with Dr. Jay Hoffman on Friday, February 22, from 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM, in the Morgan Suite. (
  • The session, "How Beta-Alanine Supplementation Supports Healthy Aging via Supporting Cognitive Function and Muscle Health," will focus on the scientific studies regarding beta-alanine supplementation and its role in generating carnosine in the body to support overall systemic health, cognitive function and muscle support. (
  • SR CarnoSyn ® is an advanced delivery form of CarnoSyn ® , which delivers higher dosing levels of beta-alanine, and is proven to provide benefits for both wellness and healthy aging. (
  • Objectifs : Evaluer la place de l'IRM dans la determination de l'age osseux par l'analyse du cartilage de conjugaison de la physe radiale inferieure. (
  • In Gravity: Mass, Energy, and the Force that Holds Things Together with Hands-On Science Activities scientists ages 8 to 12 explore the invisible but powerful force that is responsible for keeping the entire universe in place-including you! (
  • The skeleton had no apparent evidence of disease or healed lifetime injuries. (
  • Analysing the link between reproduction and women's social status, this project investigated social responses to pregnancy, birth and childrearing from the late Neolithic to the Late Iron Age (c. 3000-15 BC) through case studies in central Europe. (
  • Our Early Bronze Age case studies Unterhautzenthal (Rebay-Salisbury et al. (
  • In 1876 he was enrolled at Shrewsbury School (the 'Glastonbury' of his novel, A Child of the Age ) under the surname Leith-Adams. (
  • the skeleton had no apparent evidence of healed lifetimes injuries, and was estimated to have been aged to about 30-35 years. (
  • Evidence influence summaries briefly describe how 3ie-supported evidence has knowledgeable and influenced determination makers. (
  • The flow properties and disinfectant consumption rate at the pipe wall play a significant role in the determination of potable water quality in the distribution system. (
  • Her focus and sheer determination was obvious and it appears her only lucky charm for such a perilous sport was Twinings tea. (
  • Main outcome measured: Skeletal maturation was assessed using the middle phalanx of the third finger (MP3) while the standard WHO growth chart specific for age (2-20 years) and gender was used for grading BMI-percentile. (
  • The unpaired t-test was used to compare mean chronological age of the stages of MP3 according to gender. (
  • Phosphate concentration is characterized by a high physiological variation, depending on age, gender, physiological state (eg, pregnancy), and even season (due to the seasonal variation of vitamin D which is directly involved in the regulation of phosphate concentration). (
  • Skeletal maturation was assessed using the middle phalanx of the third finger (MP3), while the standard WHO growth chart specific for age (2-20 years) and sex was used for grading BMI-percentile. (
  • The review then will discuss the specific nuclear medicine studies that typically are obtained in patients in this age group. (
  • In Wedges Make a Point: Simple Machines for Kids, readers ages 5 to 8 learn how a wedge's shape makes it perfect at stopping something heavy from moving, and separating material to split something-like banana bread-apart. (
  • In Levers Lessen the Load: Simple Machines for Kids, readers ages 5 to 8 learn how levers and fulcrums can help us move far more weight than we can on our own by using mechanical advantage. (
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