A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
Cell wall components constituting a polysaccharide core found in fungi. They may act as antigens or structural substrates.
The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.

Cell water balance of white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) during its post-harvest lifetime studied by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging. (1/174)

A combination of quantitative water density and T2 MRI and changes therein observed after infiltration with 'invisible' Gd-DTPA solution was used to study cell water balances, cell water potentials and cell integrity. This method was applied to reveal the evolution and mechanism of redistribution of water in harvested mushrooms. Even when mushrooms did not lose water during the storage period, a redistribution of water was observed from stipe to cap and gills. When the storage condition resulted in a net loss of water, the stipe lost more water than the cap. The water density in the gill increased, probably due to development of spores. Deterioration effects (i.e. leakage of cells, decrease in osmotic water potential) were found in the outer stipe. They were not found in the cap, even at prolonged storage at 293 K and R.H.=70%. The changes in osmotic potential were partly accounted for by changes in the mannitol concentration. Changes in membrane permeability were also indicated. Cells in the cap had a constant low membrane (water) permeability. They developed a decreasing osmotic potential (more negative), whereas the osmotic potential in the outer stipe increased, together with the permeability of cells.  (+info)

A sandwiched-culture technique for evaluation of heterologous protein production in a filamentous fungus. (2/174)

Aspergillus niger is known for its efficient excretion machinery. However, problems have often arisen in obtaining high amounts of heterologous proteins in the culture medium. Here we present a quick method using sandwiched colonies to evaluate transgenic strains for secretion of heterologous proteins. Expressing the ABH1 hydrophobin of Agaricus bisporus in A. niger, we showed that low production levels of the heterologous protein are probably due to extracellular proteolytic degradation of the protein.  (+info)

PCR-based genotyping of epidemic and preepidemic Trichoderma isolates associated with green mold of Agaricus bisporus. (3/174)

We used randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR to estimate genetic variation among isolates of Trichoderma associated with green mold on the cultivated mushroom Agaricus bisporus. Of 83 isolates examined, 66 were sampled during the recent green mold epidemic, while the remaining 17 isolates were collected just prior to the epidemic and date back to the 1950s. Trichoderma harzianum biotype 4 was identified by RAPD analysis as the cause of almost 90% of the epidemic-related episodes of green mold occurring in the major commercial mushroom-growing region in North America. Biotype 4 was more closely allied to T. harzianum biotype 2, the predominant pathogenic genotype in Europe, than to the less pathogenic biotype 1 and Trichoderma atroviride (formerly T. harzianum biotype 3). No variation in the RAPD patterns was observed among the isolates within biotype 2 or 4, suggesting that the two pathogenic biotypes were populations containing single clones. Considerable genetic variation, however, was noted among isolates of biotype 1 and T. atroviride from Europe. Biotype 4 was not represented by the preepidemic isolates of Trichoderma as determined by RAPD markers and PCR amplification of an arbitrary DNA sequence unique to the genomes of biotypes 2 and 4. Our findings suggest that the onset of the green mold epidemic in North America resulted from the recent introduction of a highly virulent genotype of the pathogen into cultivated mushrooms.  (+info)

Different temporal and spatial expression of two hydrophobin-encoding genes of the edible mushroom Agaricus bisporus. (4/174)

In a search for genes that are only expressed in fruit bodies of the basidiomycete Agaricus bisporus, two cDNAs, hypA and hypB that encode hydrophobins have been isolated previously. In this study, the structure of hypB is resolved and it is shown that the two genes are differentially expressed, indicating that the encoded hydrophobins serve different functions in A. bisporus mushrooms. hypB encodes a polypeptide (HYPB) of 119 aa that shows little sequence identity with HYPA apart from the characteristic arrangement of eight cysteines found exclusively in hydrophobins. The temporal and spatial expression of the two hydrophobin-encoding genes during fruit body development was compared using Northern analysis and in situ hybridization. Accumulation of hypA mRNA was found in tissue fractions consisting of undifferentiated white hyphae. In situ hybridization showed that the highest hypA mRNA levels are not found in the outermost cell layers of the pileipellis but in the cell layers adjacent to that. The highest level of expression of hypB occurs early in development when the primordium differentiates into densely packed, randomly oriented cap hyphae and loosely packed, vertically oriented stipe hyphae. In mature mushrooms, a strong accumulation of hypB transcripts was found only in the transitional zone between cap and stipe tissue, demonstrating that transcription regulation of hypB is clearly distinct from hypA.  (+info)

Identification of a subgenomic mRNA encoding the capsid protein of mushroom bacilliform virus, a single-stranded RNA mycovirus. (5/174)

Mushroom bacilliform virus is unique among mycoviruses of the higher fungi in having a genome of positive-sense single-stranded RNA. We have identified a subgenomic mRNA molecule encoding the viral capsid protein in mushroom bacilliform virus-infected mycelium of Agaricus bisporus. Transcription of subgenomic RNA commences at the sequence ACAAAA, 47 nucleotides upstream of the initiating AUG.  (+info)

Abr1, a transposon-like element in the genome of the cultivated mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Imbach. (6/174)

A 300-bp repetitive element was found in the genome of the white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus, and designated Abr1. It is present in approximately 15 copies per haploid genome in the commercial strain Horst U1. Analysis of seven copies showed 89 to 97% sequence identity. The repeat has features typical of class II transposons (i.e., terminal inverted repeats, subterminal repeats, and a target site duplication of 7 bp). The latter shows a consensus sequence. When used as probe on Southern blots, Abr1 identifies relatively little variation within traditional and present-day commercial strains, indicating that most strains are identical or have a common origin. In contrast to these cultivars, high variation is found among field-collected strains. Furthermore, a remarkable difference in copy numbers of Abr1 was found between A. bisporus isolates with a secondarily homothallic life cycle and those with a heterothallic life cycle. Abr1 is a type II transposon not previously reported in basidiomycetes and appears to be useful for the identification of strains within the species A. bisporus.  (+info)

Transport of amino acids and ammonium in mycelium of Agaricus bisporus. (7/174)

Mycelium of Agaricus bisporus took up methylamine (MA), glutamate, glutamine and arginine by high-affinity transport systems following Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The activities of these systems were influenced by the nitrogen source used for mycelial growth. Moreover, MA, glutamate and glutamine uptakes were derepressed by nitrogen starvation, whereas arginine uptake was repressed. The two ammonium-specific transport systems with different affinities and capacities were inhibited by NH(+)(4), with a K(i) of 3.7 microM for the high-velocity system. The K(m) values for glutamate, glutamine and arginine transport were 124, 151 and 32 microM, respectively. Inhibition of arginine uptake by lysine and histidine showed that they are competitive inhibitors. MA, glutamate and glutamine uptake was inversely proportional to the intracellular NH(+)(4) concentration. Moreover, increase of the intracellular NH(+)(4) level caused by PPT (DL-phosphinotricin) resulted in an immediate cessation of MA, glutamine and glutamate uptake. It seems that the intracellular NH(+)(4) concentration regulates its own influx by feedback-inhibition of the uptake system and probably also its efflux which becomes apparent when mycelium is grown on protein. Addition of extracellular NH(+)(4) did not inhibit glutamine uptake, suggesting that NH(+)(4) and glutamine are equally preferred nitrogen sources. The physiological importance of these uptake systems for the utilization of nitrogen compounds by A. bisporus is discussed.  (+info)

Janthinobacterium agaricidamnosum sp. nov., a soft rot pathogen of Agaricus bisporus. (8/174)

A novel bacterium has been found that causes a soft rot disease of Agaricus bisporus, the cultivated mushroom. It has been characterized using nutritional, physiological, chemical and molecular techniques. Based on these data, it was shown to have many characteristics in common with members of the genus Janthinobacterium. Despite similarities to the only described species within this genus, Janthinobacterium lividum, there were a number of differences between the mushroom pathogen isolated and this species. Despite the high degree of genotypic similarity between members of the genus Janthinobacterium and Herbaspirillum, as evidenced by DNA-RNA hybridization, and the high degree of 16S rDNA sequence similarity between members of the genera Janthinobacterium, Herbaspirillum, Oxalobacter and Duganella, as well as the generically misnamed Pseudomonas lemoignei, it was possible to show that members of the genus Janthinobacterium could be easily distinguished from these taxa. The data also indicated that the mushroom pathogenic strains represent a novel species within the genus Janthinobacterium for which the name Janthinobacterium agaricidamnosum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species has been deposited in the Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany, as DSM 9628T and at the National Collection of Plant-pathogenic bacteria, UK, as NCPPB 3945T. To aid practical control of the disease, the effect of the relative humidity on symptom expression on Agaricus bisporus was determined.  (+info)

'Agaricus' is a genus of fungi that includes many species commonly known as mushrooms. These fungi are saprophytic, meaning they obtain their nutrients by decomposing organic matter. One of the most well-known and widely consumed species in this genus is 'Agaricus bisporus,' which includes varieties such as the white button mushroom, cremini, and portobello mushrooms. These edible fungi are rich in various nutrients, including proteins, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

It's important to note that some species of Agaricus can be toxic or even hallucinogenic, so proper identification is crucial before consuming any wild mushrooms. Always consult a knowledgeable expert or use reliable resources for identification to avoid potential poisoning.

Agaricales is an order of fungi that includes mushrooms, toadstools, and other gilled fungi. These fungi are characterized by their distinctive fruiting bodies, which have a cap (pileus) and stem (stipe), and gills (lamellae) on the underside of the cap where the spores are produced. Agaricales contains many well-known and economically important genera, such as Agaricus (which includes the common button mushroom), Amanita (which includes the deadly "death cap" mushroom), and Coprinus (which includes the inky cap mushrooms). The order was established by the Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries in 1821.

Fungal polysaccharides refer to complex carbohydrates that are produced and found in fungi, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. These polysaccharides are made up of long chains of sugar molecules that are linked together by glycosidic bonds.

Fungal polysaccharides have various structures and functions depending on the specific fungal species they come from. Some fungal polysaccharides, such as beta-glucans, have been shown to have immunomodulatory effects and are used in some medical treatments. Beta-glucans, for example, can stimulate the immune system's response to infections and cancer.

Other fungal polysaccharides, such as chitin, are structural components of fungal cell walls. Chitin is a polysaccharide made up of N-acetylglucosamine units and is also found in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans.

Fungal polysaccharides have been studied for their potential therapeutic uses, including as antimicrobial, antitumor, and immunomodulatory agents. However, more research is needed to fully understand their mechanisms of action and potential benefits and risks.

A fruiting body, in the context of mycology (the study of fungi), refers to the part of a fungus that produces spores for sexual or asexual reproduction. These structures are often what we typically think of as mushrooms or toadstools, although not all fungal fruiting bodies resemble these familiar forms.

Fungal fruiting bodies can vary greatly in size, shape, and color, depending on the species of fungus. They may be aboveground, like the caps and stalks of mushrooms, or underground, like the tiny, thread-like structures known as "corals" in some species.

The primary function of a fruiting body is to produce and disperse spores, which can give rise to new individuals when they germinate under favorable conditions. The development of a fruiting body is often triggered by environmental factors such as moisture, temperature, and nutrient availability.

Basidiomycota is a phylum in the kingdom Fungi that consists of organisms commonly known as club fungi or club mushrooms. The name Basidiomycota is derived from the presence of a characteristic reproductive structure called a basidium, which is where spores are produced.

The basidiomycetes include many familiar forms such as mushrooms, toadstools, bracket fungi, and other types of polypores. They have a complex life cycle that involves both sexual and asexual reproduction. The sexual reproductive stage produces a characteristic fruiting body, which may be microscopic or highly visible, depending on the species.

Basidiomycota fungi play important ecological roles in decomposing organic matter, forming mutualistic relationships with plants, and acting as parasites on other organisms. Some species are economically important, such as edible mushrooms, while others can be harmful or even deadly to humans and animals.

Mycelium is not a specifically medical term, but it is a biological term used in fungi and other organisms. Medically, it might be relevant in certain contexts such as discussing fungal infections. Here's the general definition:

Mycelium (my-SEE-lee-um) is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. It is the underground portion of the fungus that supports the growth of the organism and is often responsible for the decomposition of organic material. Mycelium can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and dead or living organisms.

2008) Agaricus hupohanae Agaricus hypophaeus Agaricus iesu-et-marthae Agaricus ignicolor Agaricus ignobilis Agaricus impudicus ... 2008) Agaricus macrosporus (disputed) Agaricus macrosporoides Agaricus magni Agaricus magniceps Agaricus magnivelaris Agaricus ... 2008) Agaricus stijvei Agaricus stramineus Agaricus subalachuanus Agaricus subantarcticus Agaricus subareolatus Agaricus ... Agaricus gemellatus Agaricus gemlii Agaricus gemloides Agaricus gennadii Agaricus gilvus Agaricus glaber Agaricus glabrus ...
... Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia - Agaricus augustus Mykoweb - Agaricus augustus (All ... Agaricus augustus, known commonly as the prince, is a basidiomycete fungus of the genus Agaricus. According to Heinemann's ( ... List of Agaricus species "Agaricus augustus taxon record details at Index Fungorum". Index Fungorum. Archived from the original ... Another similar-looking toxic species is Agaricus moelleri. Agaricus augustus has a widespread distribution, occurring ...
... is a toxic basidiomycete fungus of the genus Agaricus. It is found in North America; the Eurasian ... Agaricus placomyces contains toxins which cause gastrointestinal upset, as with other phenolic-odored Agaricus species. Some ... Agaricus placomyces has a cap that is 5-12 cm and varies from convex to broadly convex or nearly flat in age. In addition, the ... Unlike many other Agaricus species, it fruits from mid to late winter rather than during the late spring, summer and early fall ...
... , commonly known as the felt-ringed agaricus, is a species of fungus in the family Agaricaceae. The species ... Agaricus hondensis can be distinguished from similar Agaricus species by differences in geographic range, habitat, staining ... The mushroom is commonly known as the "felt-ringed agaricus". Agaricus hondensis has traditionally been classified in the ... Agaricus freirei closely resembles A. hondensis, and, based on similarities in DNA sequences, is a close relative. A. freirei ...
... is a species of mushroom in the genus Agaricus. It is commonly known as the abruptly-bulbous agaricus or ... Agaricus abruptibulbus belongs to Agaricus section Arvenses, a clade within the genus Agaricus. Along with A. abruptibulbus, ... Fungi portal List of Agaricus species "Agaricus abruptibulbus Peck 1905". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. ... Agaricus silvicola is very similar in appearance and also grows in woodlands, but it may be distinguished by the lack of an ...
Fungi portal List of Agaricus species Kerrigan RW. (2016). Agaricus of North America. New York Botanical Garden. "Agaricus ... Agaricus brunneofibrillosus in MycoBank. Agaricus brunneofibrillosus at mushroomobserver.org Agaricus brunneofibrillosus at ... Agaricus brunneofibrillosus, commonly known as the bleeding agaricus, is a mushroom in the family Agaricaceae. It has a medium ... European Agaricus fuscofibrillosus is now treated as a synonym for Agaricus langei. The cap is initially convex before ...
... , also known as the coastal mushroom, is a species of mushroom in the genus Agaricus. It was first described ... "Agaricus litoralis: Coastal Mushoom [sic!]". NBN Atlas. National Biodiversity Network. Retrieved 3 February 2019. Pearson, A.A ... doi:10.1016/s0007-1536(46)80001-9. "Agaricus litoralis - Spetsfotad champinjon". Artfakta (in Swedish). Swedish University of ... Agaricus, Fungi of Europe, All stub articles, Fungus stubs). ...
... is a North American species of mushroom in the genus Agaricus. This species is in the family Agaricaceae. ... Agaricus". Mycologia. 14 (4): 200-221. doi:10.2307/3753642. JSTOR 3753642. "Agaricus alabamensis Murrill". Murrill. Retrieved ...
"Agaricus abramsii Murrill". Agaricus abramsii Murrill. Retrieved 21 May 2023. v t e v t e (Articles with short description, ... Agaricus abramsii is a species of mushroom-forming fungus in the family Agaricaceae. It is endemic to the USA. It was first ... Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Agaricus, Taxa named by William Alphonso Murrill, ...
... is a species of mushroom in the genus Agaricus. This species is in the family Agaricaceae. Pilát A. (1951). The ... "Agaricus annae NBN Atlas". NBN Atlas. Retrieved 2022-08-19. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches ... Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Agaricus, Fungi described in 1951, All stub articles, Agaricaceae stubs). ... Bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp. " ...
... is an agaric mushroom of the genus Agaricus. This mushroom can be distinguished by a white cap that bruises ... Another similar species, Agaricus bernardii, also stains red and has white flesh, but differentiates on its larger bulk, a ... Similar to Agaricus californicus and A. xanthodermus, the cap discolors brown in age. A distinguishing feature of A. ... List of Agaricus species Specific Kibby, Geoffrey (2006). Guide to Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and Europe (Illustrated ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agaricus silvaticus. Agaricus silvaticus in Index Fungorum Agaricus silvaticus in ... Agaricus silvaticus (or Agaricus sylvaticus), otherwise known as the scaly wood mushroom, blushing wood mushroom, or pinewood ... Now Agaricus has a much more restricted meaning, being the genus of the common cultivated mushrooms of Europe and America, but ... Agaricus phaeolepidotus is distinguished by a stem which yellows (in addition to turning pink) when cut. The cap background is ...
... the horse mushroom Agaricus campestris - the field mushroom Agaricus hondensis Agaricus osecanus Agaricus semotus Agaricus ... Agaricus silvicola, also known as the wood mushroom or woodland agaricus, is a species of Agaricus mushroom related to the ... This reference is not supported by clinical cases). Agaricus abruptibulbus Agaricus albolutescens Agaricus arvensis - ... 39 (1). "Agaricus sylvicola (Vittad.) Peck". Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2008. "Agaricus ...
It was transferred to Agaricus in 1994. The mushroom is suspected to be poisonous. List of Agaricus species "Agaricus ... Agaricus aurantioviolaceus is a species of fungus in the genus Agaricus. Found in Africa, it was originally named as a species ... Agaricus, Fungi described in 1968, Fungi of Africa, All stub articles, Agaricaceae stubs). ...
... was initially classified in the subgenus Lanagaricus of the genus Agaricus. List of Agaricus species ... Agaricus santacatalinensis is a species of agaric fungus. Described as new to science in 1998 by Edgardo Albertó, it is found ... Agaricus santacatalinensis in Index Fungorum v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Agaricus, Fungi described in 1998, Fungi of Brazil, All stub articles, Agaricaceae stubs) ...
... along with Agaricus comtulus, Agaricus xantholepis, Agaricus porphyrizon and Agaricus luteomaculatus. Agaricus dulcidulus is a ... Fungi portal List of Agaricus species Agaricus dulcidulus page at Index Fungorum Saccardo, P.A.(1887) Sylloge Fungorum V: 1007 ... Agaricus dulcidulus is a small mushroom in the family Agaricaceae of the order Agaricales, found in deciduous woodlands of ... Despite the tendency of some sources to synonymize it with Agaricus semotus, this is a distinct taxon. Cap 2 to 7 cm, convex- ...
... is a species of fungus in the genus Agaricus. It was described by Hungarian mycologist Gábor Bohus in ... List of Agaricus species "GSD Species Synonymy: Agaricus bresadolanus Bohus". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved ... Bohus G. (1969). "Agaricus studies II". Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 61: 151-156. Noordeloos ME. ( ... ISBN 978-90-5410-495-7. Agaricus bresadolanus in Index Fungorum (Articles with short description, Short description matches ...
Agaricus augustus does not have the pure white cap in young specimens. List of Agaricus species "Agaricus macrosporus (F.H. ... Agaricus macrosporus is a rare, edible mushroom found from June at wood fringes and in meadows. The white cap is hemispherical ... Agaricus excellens is different by its taller and slimmer stipe which is striped lengthwise. ...
... was first described from Santa Cruz County but since has been found in San Mateo and Alameda counties. Agaricus ... List of Agaricus species Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms Demystified (2 ed.). Ten Speed Press. Agaricus arorae. Kerrigan R (1985 ... Agaricus arorae was named after American mycologist and author David Arora. The cap is 3-8 cm broad, and varies from ... Agaricus arorae is a moderate-sized, forest-dwelling mushroom that exhibits distinctive color changes. It fruits early in the ...
... is a species of fungus in the genus Agaricus. List of Agaricus species Møller FH. (1960). "Danish Psalliota ... "GSD Species Synonymy: Agaricus langei (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. ... Agaricus langei in Index Fungorum (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species ... microformats, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Agaricus, Fungi described in 1950, Fungi of Europe, Edible fungi). ...
... , commonly known collectively with its close European relative Agaricus lanipes as the princess, is a ... Another commonly closely associated Agaricus species, Agaricus praeclaresquamosus, is toxic. It can be differentiated by its ... A relative of Agaricus augustus, known as the prince, A. perobscurus can be differentiated in several aspects. While the prince ... Agaricus perobscurus is often solitary or in small groups under conifers and hardwoods. Primarily found in urban parks with ...
... is a species of fungus in the genus Agaricus. Found in Chile, it was described as new to science in 1969 by ... List of Agaricus species Singer R. (1969). Mycoflora australis. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia. Vol. 29. Lehre, Germany: Cramer. p ... Agaricus nebularum in Index Fungorum v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with ... species' microformats, Agaricus, Fungi described in 1969, Fungi of Chile, Taxa named by Rolf Singer, All stub articles, ...
... is commonly known as the salt-loving mushroom. Fruit bodies of Agaricus bernardii have caps that range in ... Agaricus bernardii, commonly called the salt-loving agaricus, or salt-loving mushroom, is an agaric fungus in the family ... Fungi portal List of Agaricus species "Agaricus bernardii (Quél.) Sacc. 1887". MycoBank. International Mycological Association ... Agaricus bitorquis, also edible, has a similar appearance, but can be distinguished by its double ring, and the lack of a fishy ...
... (French: Psaliote Excellente, German: Riesen-Egerling) is a rare mushroom in the genus Agaricus. It is ... "Agaricus excellens (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952". MycoBank. Retrieved 30 October 2016. "Agaricus excellens". Zipcode Zoo. ... It is typically found at an altitude of 0 to 914 meters (0 to 3000 feet). List of Agaricus species "Agaricus excellens". Rogers ... "Agaricus excellens". MushLook. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. (Articles with short description, Short description ...
... , commonly known as torq, banded agaric, spring agaric, banded agaricus, urban agaricus, or pavement mushroom ... It is often confused with the briny-smelling Agaricus bernardii. It also resembles Agaricus campestris somewhat, but that ... "Sidewalk Mushroom: Identify via Pictures, Habitat, Season & Spore Print , Agaricus bitorquis". Sidewalk Mushroom, Agaricus ... Agaricus bitorquis may be found growing solitary or in small groups in gardens (noted as growing in a gregarious manner), and ...
Fungi portal List of Agaricus species "Agaricus pocillator (MushroomExpert.Com)". www.mushroomexpert.com. Phillips, Roger (2010 ... Agaricus pocillator, a woodland mushroom, is distributed through southeastern North America in ranges at least as far north as ... It is very similar to Agaricus placomyces, but is a slightly smaller mushroom with a scalier cap and a more northern range ... A. pocillator is inedible, and several other yellow-staining Agaricus species are poisonous. Hikers are often warned to avoid ...
Pilát Agaricus koelerionensis (Bon) Bon 1980 Agaricus reae Bon 1981 Agaricus variegans F.H. Møller 1952 Agaricus variegatus (F. ... Agaricus impudicus, also known as the tufted wood mushroom, is a mushroom of Agaricus, a genus with many edible species. As ... It is distinguished from similar forest-growing Agaricus mushrooms in that it does not bruise yellowish or reddish when cut, ... This species is known under a number of synonyms, all these refer to the same species: Agaricus brunnoleus (J. Lange) ...
... , also known as the cypress agaricus or the giant cypress agaricus is a species of mushroom. It is among the ... page 62 Kerrigan, R. W. (1985). Studies in Agaricus II: Agaricus lilaceps re-evaluated. Mycologia 77: 137-141. Hotson, J. W. & ... Aside from size, Agaricus lilaceps is characterized by a robust stature, as the stipe often club-shaped. The cap of the ... The gills of Agaricus lilaceps are free, close, moderately broad, and dingy-pink when young. However, when bruised, it turns ...
... in the "Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota" Agaricus spp in "Mushroom-Collecting.com" Agaricus ... 1878), Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Imbach (1946), Agaricus bitorquis (Quel.) Sacc. (1887), Agaricus cappellianus Hlavacek ( ... In the US, it may be confused with the poisonous Agaricus californicus or Agaricus hondensis. Agaricus arvensis, the horse ... Agaricus campestris is a widely eaten gilled mushroom closely related to the cultivated button mushroom Agaricus bisporus. It ...
... , commonly known as the horse mushroom, is a mushroom of the genus Agaricus. It was described as Agaricus ... Agaricus bisporus is the most commonly cultivated mushroom of the genus Agaricus. It is one of the largest white Agaricus ... Mushroom-collecting.com - Agaricus arvensis Mushroom Expert - Agaricus arvensis Mykoweb - Agaricus avernsis (CS1 Persian- ... Agaricus silvicola, the wood mushroom, is a touch more arboreal, with a frail and delicate ring, but also edible. Agaricus ...
2008) Agaricus hupohanae Agaricus hypophaeus Agaricus iesu-et-marthae Agaricus ignicolor Agaricus ignobilis Agaricus impudicus ... 2008) Agaricus macrosporus (disputed) Agaricus macrosporoides Agaricus magni Agaricus magniceps Agaricus magnivelaris Agaricus ... 2008) Agaricus stijvei Agaricus stramineus Agaricus subalachuanus Agaricus subantarcticus Agaricus subareolatus Agaricus ... Agaricus gemellatus Agaricus gemlii Agaricus gemloides Agaricus gennadii Agaricus gilvus Agaricus glaber Agaricus glabrus ...
Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus flavescens; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus silvicola; ... Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus silvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; ... Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; ... Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus silvicola; kuusiherkkusieni; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus sylvicola; Agaricus silvicola; Agaricus ...
Taxonomy information for Agaricus moelleri. Find diseases associated with this biological target and compounds tested against ...
Below I have listed some identification characters especially important in Agaricus.. In situ: Most species of Agaricus are ... Kerrigan, R. W. (1985). Studies in Agaricus II: Agaricus lilaceps re-evaluated. Mycologia 77: 137-141. ... Kerrigan, R. W. (1979). Studies in Agaricus I. Agaricus pattersonae. Mycologia 71: 612-620. ... Agaricus bisporus). Agaricus species have a partial veil which often forms a ring on the stem. The spore print, like the mature ...
Agaricus silvaticus cr5621. UK: Red-staining Wood mushroom NL: Schubbige boschampignon DE: Waldchampignon Wald-champignon CZ: ...
... : identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, ... Schäff., Agaricus macrosporus (F.H. Møller & Jul. Schäff.) Pilát, Agaricus urinascens (F.H. Møller & Jul. Schäff.) Singer, ... The Psalliota genus has since been subsumed within Agaricus.). The scientific name Agaricus urinascens dates from a 1949 paper ... Agaricus arvensis, the Horse Mushroom, initially has a similar white cap but at maturity it takes on a more yellowish hue; its ...
UK: Clustered Domecap DK: Røggrå gråblad PL: Podblaszek gromadny CZ: Líha ...
Agaricus_muscarius9c-2578×2578-28503bf. Leave a Comment / By Tuyen Pham / February 28, 2024 ...
The Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Pilát 1951 is Permitted - s11 for the whole of state and is not assigned to any control ... Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Pilát 1951. Common name(s):. button/common mushroom. ... 9] https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/organisms?search_string=Agaricus. [10] https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/organisms?search_string= ...
Meet WPMC Identifiers Barbora Batokova and Josh Mowris and representatives from UpstreamPgh at the lower Frick Park Play area. Learn more about the fascinating world ...
Agaricus MusiniusWatercolor on paperSigned E.F. and dated 1835Paper size: 15 x 10 ¾ in. EDWARD FORSTER, THE YOUNGER (BRITISH, ... Edward Forster, the Younger (British, 1765-1849), Agaricus Musinius. * $ 7,500.00 $ 7,500.00 Default Title - $ 7,500.00 USD. ... Agaricus Musinius. Watercolor on paper. Signed E.F. and dated 1835. Paper size: 15 x 10 ¾ in. ...
Sugarcane bagasse cultivated agaricus means high functionality. The agaricus mushroom used in Umi No Shizuku is distinct in ... What is Agaricus, the "Mushroom of God"?. "What is Agaricus, the "Mushroom of God"?. ... The composition of these two parts is different, and the agaricus mushroom is no exception. In the agaricus mushroom, the ... However, the agaricus mushroom is vulnerable to a wide range of bacteria, making it challenging to grow them on sawdust. It is ...
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Hola. Bienvenido a A Zarrota Foto Galeria. Para subir fotos hay que ser socio de A Zarrota o estar avalado por un socio. Pretendemos asi que todas las fotos sean originales, y no extraidas de otros sitios de internet. Si eres socio y quieres empezar a subir fotos contacta con el webmaster para obtener una cuenta con permisos. !!Gracias!! Que tengas un feliz dia!. ...
2011) Polysaccharides from Agaricus bisporus and Agaricus brasiliens is show similarities in their structures and their ... Agaricus bisporus, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, survival, growth, protein, amino acid, fatty acid, digestive enzymes ... In India, Agaricus bisporus is the most popular variety which fetches high price [21]. It is a good source of trace elements ... Figure 1. The mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Preparation of solvent extracts of A. bisporus. The powdered whole plant sample of A ...
General information about Agaricus subperonatus (AGARSU)
Today, were focusing on Agaricus, a remedy often used for nervous system irregularities and chilblains.. This brief guide will ... Americas addiction to drugs, Vaccine Injury Compensation, Safe and effective, Heart Health, Homeopathic Hit - Agaricus, ... delve into the various applications of Agaricus, particularly its effectiveness in treating these conditions.. Download the ...
Species profile-Agaricus sp. 13. Classification. Fungi (fungi) → Incertae sedis (uncertain) → Basidiomycota → Agaricus sp. 13 ... Agaricus sp. 13. WildNet taxon ID. 28465. Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status. Least concern. Conservation significant. ...
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Antiapoptotic role of Agaricus blazei extract in rodent model of Parkinsons disease. Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2019, 11(1), 12 ... Agaricus blazei extract abrogates rotenone-induced dopamine depletion and motor deficits by its anti-oxidative and anti- ... In this study, we investigated the protective effect of Agaricus blazei extract onrotenone-induceddopaminergic degeneration and ... Agaricus blazei Murrill (A. blazei), popularly known as sun mushroom, has been subject of great interest due to its nutritional ...
to Agaricus bisporus culture matte promoted mycelial growth. significantly at concentrations of 16° - 107 M. Most of the tested ... Phytohormones and the Culture of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Pilat. Hussain, A. A. K. (Author). 1981 ...
Agaricus Muscarius 6X has the following research in the biogetica research database. ...
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  • The genus includes the common ("button") mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and the field mushroom (A. campestris), the dominant cultivated mushrooms of the West. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stem breaks away cleanly from the cap-a fact known to anyone who has cleaned commercial "button mushrooms" from the store ( Agaricus bisporus ). (mushroomexpert.com)
  • this is often seen in the kitchen with commercially produced Agaricus bisporus , which blush reddish to pink when sliced. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • The taste is very like that of the familiar commercial button mushroom (the cultivated form of Agaricus bisporus ). (first-nature.com)
  • The Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Pilát 1951 is Permitted - s11 for the whole of state and is not assigned to any control category for a local government area at this time. (wa.gov.au)
  • In general, phytohormones influence vegetative growth , transition from vegetative to reproductive growth and the development of fruit bodies of Agaricus bisporus. (aston.ac.uk)
  • Production of recombinant Agaricus bisporus tyrosinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. (bvsalud.org)
  • It has been demonstrated that Agaricus bisporus tyrosinase is able to oxidize various phenolic compounds , thus being an enzyme of great importance for a number of biotechnological applications. (bvsalud.org)
  • Pickers and packers (mostly women), nonsmokers, and workers with high tenure had higher proportions of positive reactions to Agaricus-bisporus spores, as measured by double diffusion and the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. (cdc.gov)
  • The species most often sold as such quack cures is A. subrufescens, which is often referred to by the erroneous name "Agaricus Blazei" and advertised by fanciful trade names such as "God's mushroom" or "mushroom of life", but can cause allergic reactions and even liver damage if consumed in excessive amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, we investigated the protective effect of Agaricus blazei extract onrotenone-induceddopaminergic degeneration and apoptosisin mice model. (imrpress.com)
  • For many years, members of the genus Agaricus were given the generic name Psalliota, and this can still be seen in older books on mushrooms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agaricus is a genus of mushrooms containing both edible and poisonous species, with over 400 members worldwide and possibly again as many disputed or newly-discovered species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mushrooms in Agaricus are terrestrial saprobes , and have caps that are not brightly colored. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Agaricus urinascens is one of Britain and Ireland's rare to occasional 'true mushrooms' (a term that many mycologists apply to Agaricus species). (first-nature.com)
  • The specific epithet urinascens means 'gradually acquiring a smell like urine', while the common English name Macro Mushroom is a reference to the huge size (compared with other mushrooms in the Agaricus genus) of the spores of these mushrooms. (first-nature.com)
  • Bagasse-cultivated agaricus mushrooms are packed with nutrients, having been able to lay down roots in a solid culture medium that's clean and nutrient-rich. (kfucoidan.com)
  • Appearing on this month's cover is Potter's sketch showing different stages in the life cycle of Agaricus augustus mushrooms. (cdc.gov)
  • Far more dangerous is the fact that Agaricus, when still young and most valuable for eating, are easily confused with several deadly species of Amanita (in particular the species collectively called "destroying angels", as well as the white form of the appropriately-named "death cap" Amanita phalloides), as well as some other highly poisonous fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even so, Agaricus should generally be avoided by inexperienced collectors, since other harmful species are not as easily recognized, and clearly recognizable mature Agaricus are often too soft and maggot-infested for eating. (wikipedia.org)
  • When collecting Agaricus for food, it is important to identify every individual specimen with certainty, since one Amanita fungus of the most poisonous species is sufficient to kill an adult human - even the shed spores of a discarded specimen are suspected to cause life-threatening poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agaricus species have a partial veil which often forms a ring on the stem. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Even with so much experience informing the work, however, it is not the "final word" on North America's Agaricus species. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • And, Kerrigan points out, new Agaricus species are continually being discovered! (mushroomexpert.com)
  • That said, identification of Agaricus species ranges from fairly easy to very difficult. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Most species of Agaricus are found in woodland settings or in grass without any trees nearby-or, frustratingly, in grassy urban settings near planted trees with which they appear to have some sort of association (though not a mycorrhizal relationship). (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Many species of Agaricus in section Arvenses acquire a fairly distinctive appearance when properly preserved by drying, becoming orangish yellow (see the illustration) instead of a shade of white or brown. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Ellipsoidal, smooth, 8.5-12.3 x 5.2-6.9µm - larger than the spores of any other Agaricus species found in Britain. (first-nature.com)
  • Members of Agaricus are characterized by having a fleshy cap or pileus, from the underside of which grow a number of radiating plates or gills, on which are produced the naked spores. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Agaricus, by contrast, the gills are only initially white, turning dull pink as they mature, and eventually the typical chocolate-brown as the spores are released. (wikipedia.org)
  • its spores are much smaller than those of Agaricus urinascens (and it smells less unpleasant in old age! (first-nature.com)
  • Members of Agaricus also have a stem or stipe, which elevates it above the object on which the mushroom grows, or substrate, and a partial veil, which protects the developing gills and later forms a ring or annulus on the stalk. (wikipedia.org)
  • A notable group of poisonous Agaricus is the clade around the yellow-staining mushroom, A. xanthodermus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confusing poisonous Amanita with an edible Agaricus is the most frequent cause of fatal mushroom poisonings world-wide. (wikipedia.org)
  • This mushroom is referred to in many recently-published field guides as Agaricus macrosporus . (first-nature.com)
  • In the process of trying to understand why, researchers discovered that the agaricus mushroom, which grew in the region, formed part of the daily diet of the Piedade villagers. (kfucoidan.com)
  • This led to the pharmacological effects of the agaricus mushroom being studied in the United States. (kfucoidan.com)
  • β-glucan is thought to help support immunity, and its discovery provides evidence to the long-held belief that there are health benefits to ingesting the agaricus mushroom. (kfucoidan.com)
  • The agaricus mushroom was one of the materials we considered pairing with fucoidan. (kfucoidan.com)
  • Our results showed that the most effective combination was the agaricus mushroom together with two types of fucoidan: a unique blend we called Fucoidan Mix AG. (kfucoidan.com)
  • The composition of these two parts is different, and the agaricus mushroom is no exception. (kfucoidan.com)
  • In the agaricus mushroom, the highest concentration of β-glucan-thought to be the source of its beneficial effects-is found in the fruiting body. (kfucoidan.com)
  • The agaricus mushroom used in Umi No Shizuku is distinct in other ways too. (kfucoidan.com)
  • However, the agaricus mushroom is vulnerable to a wide range of bacteria, making it challenging to grow them on sawdust. (kfucoidan.com)
  • As far as I know you can safely skip gill attachment (always free from the stem or nearly so) and spacing (close or crowded), as well as the color of the spore print (although you may have needed it to get to Agaricus in the first place). (mushroomexpert.com)
  • This question is compounded because Fries himself used Agaricus roughly in Linnaeus' sense (which leads to issues with Amanita), and A. campestris was eventually excluded from Agaricus by Karsten and was apparently in Lepiota at the time Donk wrote this, commenting that a type conservation might become necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type is Agaricus campestris (widely accepted, except by Earle, who proposed A. cretaceus). (wikipedia.org)
  • All proposals to conserve Agaricus against Psalliota or vice versa have so far been considered superfluous. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psalliota was the tribe containing the type of Agaricus, so when separated, it should have caused the rest of the genus to be renamed, but this is not what happened. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Psalliota genus has since been subsumed within Agaricus . (first-nature.com)
  • The main distinctive Agaricus odors are "phenolic" and "almond-like": I can usually (but not always) detect the latter, and almost never the former. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • A. porphyrocephalus is a choice edible when young, and many others are edible as well, namely members of sections Agaricus, Arvense, Duploannulatae and Sanguinolenti. (wikipedia.org)
  • Helen Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), Agaricus augustus (c. 1892-1895). (cdc.gov)
  • The scientific name Agaricus urinascens dates from a 1949 paper (published in 1951) by German-born American Rolf Singer . (first-nature.com)
  • Initially globose, the cap of Agaricus urinascens expands to become plano convex and eventually flattens without an in-rolled margin, and the surface is radially fibrillose or scaly at maturity, white at first but becoming pale ochre and yellowing slightly, especially near the margin, when bruised. (first-nature.com)
  • Below I have listed some identification characters especially important in Agaricus . (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Thus, careful observation of the trees within striking distance of an Agaricus collection can be important in the identification process. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Yes, the odor of an Agaricus is often an important feature in the identification process. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • This fact can sometimes serve as a shortcut in Agaricus identification. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Agaricus urinascens occurs throughout Britain and Ireland and can also be found in other mainland European countries from northern Scandinavia right down to the Mediterranean region. (first-nature.com)
  • It is possible to grow agaricus quickly in liquid culture, but the speed of cultivation results in decreased functionality. (kfucoidan.com)
  • Thus, you should not expect to be able to identify every Agaricus collection you make. (mushroomexpert.com)
  • Dimensions and shapes, colors (usually in the white-to-gray-to-brown range), and textures are informative in Agaricus . (mushroomexpert.com)
  • What is Agaricus blazei Murill for? (pureessencelabs.com)
  • Agaricus blazei murrill is a mushroom native to Brazil where it has been consumed for centuries for its healing purposes. (pureessencelabs.com)
  • Home Herz - Agaricus Blazei & Chicken Canned Dog Food - 80G (Min. (petproject.hk)
  • 2011. Production flush of Agaricus blazei on Brazilian casing layers. (agropublishers.com)
  • Effect of Different Casing Materials on the Production of Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporous L. (agropublishers.com)
  • AGARICUS MUSCARIUS- amanita muscaria var. (nih.gov)
  • 1) Sterile 12 ml syringe with locking cap, filled with fresh Horse Mushroom (Agaricus Arvensis) Gourmet Mushroom mycelium. (goldenteacherspores.org)
  • horse mushroom Horse Mushroom (Agaricus Arvensis) Agaricus arvensis, commonly known as the horse mushroom, is a mushroom of the genus Agaricus. (goldenteacherspores.org)
  • The horse mushroom (Agaricus arvensis) is a common, widespread, excellent edible mushroom species. (goldenteacherspores.org)
  • Agaricus arvensis The horse mushroom LOVES nutrient rich lawns, and pastures. (goldenteacherspores.org)
  • When pinched, they bruised faintly yellow and they had dark scales which distinguish them from Agaricus xanthodermus . (amcalenan.uk)
  • Helen Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), Agaricus augustus (c. 1892-1895). (cdc.gov)
  • The Agaricus mushroom has an immune enhancing effect. (cancer.org)
  • Temperature profile of Agaricus bisprousin composting stage and effect of different compost formulas and casing materials. (agropublishers.com)