Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Mushroom Poisoning: Poisoning from ingestion of mushrooms, primarily from, but not restricted to, toxic varieties.Mushroom Bodies: Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.Patient Access to Records: The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.Borrelia burgdorferi Group: Gram-negative helical bacteria, in the genus BORRELIA, that are the etiologic agents of LYME DISEASE. The group comprises many specific species including Borrelia afzelii, Borellia garinii, and BORRELIA BURGDORFERI proper. These spirochetes are generally transmitted by several species of ixodid ticks.Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Shiitake Mushrooms: Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.RNA, Ribosomal: The most abundant form of RNA. Together with proteins, it forms the ribosomes, playing a structural role and also a role in ribosomal binding of mRNA and tRNAs. Individual chains are conventionally designated by their sedimentation coefficients. In eukaryotes, four large chains exist, synthesized in the nucleolus and constituting about 50% of the ribosome. (Dorland, 28th ed)Polyporales: An order of fungi in the phylum BASIDIOMYCOTA having macroscopic basidiocarps. The members are characterized by their saprophytic activities as decomposers, particularly in the degradation of CELLULOSE and LIGNIN. A large number of species in the order have been used medicinally. (From Alexopoulos, Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp504-68)DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Ganoderma: A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Schizophyllum: A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Amanita: A genus of fungi of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales; most species are poisonous.Cortinarius: A genus of mushrooms in the family Cortinariaceae. When ingested, species of Cortinarius cause delayed acute RENAL FAILURE.Pinaceae: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta, known for the various conifers.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Coprinus: A genus of black-spored basidiomycetous fungi of the family Coprinaceae, order Agaricales; some species are edible.Agaricus: A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).Rhabditida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Its organisms are characterized by an annulated or smooth cuticle and the absence of caudal glands.Nova Scotia: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Legionellaceae: A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that do not form endospores or microcysts.Multilocus Sequence Typing: Direct nucleotide sequencing of gene fragments from multiple housekeeping genes for the purpose of phylogenetic analysis, organism identification, and typing of species, strain, serovar, or other distinguishable phylogenetic level.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.

Comparison of flagellin genes from clinical and environmental Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. (1/637)

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important opportunistic pathogen, was isolated from environmental samples and compared to clinically derived strains. While P. aeruginosa was isolated readily from an experimental mushroom-growing unit, it was found only rarely in other environmental samples. A flagellin gene PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the isolates revealed that environmental and clinical P. aeruginosa strains are not readily distinguishable. The variation in the central regions of the flagellin genes of seven of the isolates was investigated further. The strains used included two strains with type a genes (998 bp), four strains with type b genes (1,258 bp), and one strain, K979, with a novel flagellin gene (2,199 bp). The route by which flagellin gene variation has occurred in P. aeruginosa is discussed.  (+info)

LB-AUT7, a novel symbiosis-regulated gene from an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Laccaria bicolor, is functionally related to vesicular transport and autophagocytosis. (2/637)

We have identified LB-AUT7, a gene differentially expressed 6 h after ectomycorrhizal interaction between Laccaria bicolor and Pinus resinosa. LB-Aut7p can functionally complement its Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog, which is involved in the attachment of autophagosomes to microtubules. Our findings suggest the induction of an autophagocytosis-like vesicular transport process during ectomycorrhizal interaction.  (+info)

Ultrastructure of an indigotin-producing dome mutant of Schizophyllum commune. (3/637)

Electron microscopic observations of an indigotin-producing dome mutant of Schizophyllum commune Fr. have shown that large wall ingrowths occur within the hyphae. These ingrowths are coupled with morphological abnormalities produced by the dome mutation. The pigment indigotin appears to be produced by progressive condensation within vacuoles and to a lesser extent within the wall ingrowths. Cytochemical techniques have shown that the wall ingrowths are similar in structure to the hyphal walls. there was no evidence for the passage of condensed indigotin into the medium; the pigment granules found in the medium must therefore form outside the hyphae.  (+info)

Studies on basidiospore development in Schizophyllum commune. (4/637)

The time required for synthesis of the spore components and the effect of different environmental conditions on basidiospore production were studied in the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune. Both exogenous glucose and storage materials were used in the synthesis of spore components, which took 40 to 45 h to complete. A temperature of 30 degrees C, the presence of 5% CO2, a continuous supply of glucose, or a lack of exogenous glucose, had no effect on the rate of spore production. Light, however, was required for sporulation. Darkness inhibited sporulation between karyogamy and the initiation of meiosis: complete inhibition occurred after 48 h in the dark. Spores were produced 5 h after release from dark inhibition.  (+info)

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis among workers cultivating Tricholoma conglobatum (shimeji). (5/637)

We report five cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis among workers cultivating Tricholoma conglobatum (shimeji). After having worked for 5 to 20 years, they began to notice symptoms of cough, sputum, and dyspnea. They were diagnosed as having a hypersensitivity pneumonitis based on clinical features, bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy. By the double immunodiffusion test, precipitating lines between shimeji spore antigen and sera were observed in all of the patients. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the antibody activities against shimeji and three species of fungi (Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Penicillium frequentans, and Scopulariopsis species) were significantly higher in the sera of the patients than in those of normal subjects who were cultivating shimeji. Although it is not clear what causes this disease, these findings may be helpful in determining the specific antigen.  (+info)

Purification and characterization of an anti-(A+B) specific lectin from the mushroom Hygrophorus hypothejus. (6/637)

A lectin (HHL) was isolated from the fruiting body of the mushroom Hygrophorus hypothejus by a combination of affinity chromatography on stromas of group B erythrocytes embedded in polyacrylamide gel, and DEAE-trisacryl and gel filtration chromatography. Its molecular mass, as determined by gel filtration, is estimated to be 68000 kDa and its structure is tetrameric with four identical subunits assembled with non-covalent bonds. HHL agglutinates specifically A and B blood group erythrocytes and in hemagglutination inhibition assays, exhibits sugar-binding specificity toward lactose, the anomeric alpha form being more effective than the beta form.  (+info)

Striking activation of oxidative enzymes suspended in nonaqueous media. (7/637)

The catalytic activity of four lyophilized oxidative enzymes-horseradish peroxidase, soybean peroxidase, Caldariomyces fumago chloroperoxidase, and mushroom polyphenol oxidase-is much lower when directly suspended in organic solvents containing little water than when they are introduced into the same largely nonaqueous media by first dissolving them in water and then diluting with anhydrous solvents. The lower the water content of the medium, the greater this discrepancy becomes. The mechanism of this phenomenon was found to arise from reversible denaturation of the oxidases on lyophilization: because of its conformational rigidity, the denatured enzyme exhibits very limited activity when directly suspended in largely nonaqueous media but renatures and thus yields much higher activity if first redissolved in water. Two independent means were discovered for dramatically minimizing the lyophilization-induced inactivation, both involving the addition of certain types of excipients to the aqueous enzyme solution before lyophilization. The first group of excipients consists of phenolic and aniline substrates as well as other hydrophobic compounds; these presumably bind to the hydrophobic pocket of the enzyme active site, thereby preventing its collapse during dehydration. The second group consists of general lyoprotectants such as polyols and polyethylen glycol that apparently preserve the overall enzyme structure during dehydration. The activation effects of such excipients can reach into the tens and hundreds of fold. Moreover, the activations afforded by the two excipient groups are additive, resulting in up to a complete protection against lyophilization-induced inactivation when representatives of the two are present together.  (+info)

Multi-specificity of a Psathyrella velutina mushroom lectin: heparin/pectin binding occurs at a site different from the N-acetylglucosamine/N-acetylneuraminic acid-specific site. (8/637)

An N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc)/N-acetylneuraminic acid-specific lectin from the fruiting body of Psathyrella velutina (PVL) is a useful probe for the detection and fractionation of specific carbohydrates. In this study, PVL was found to exhibit multispecificity to acidic polysaccharides and sulfatides. Purified PVL and a counterpart lectin to PVL in the mycelium interact with heparin neoproteoglycans, as detected by both membrane analysis and solid phase assay. The pH-dependencies of the binding to heparin and GlcNAc5-6 differ. The heparin binding of PVL is inhibited best by pectin, polygalacturonic acid, and highly sulfated polysaccharides, but not by GlcNAc, colominic acid, or other glycosaminoglycans. Sandwich affinity chromatography indicated that PVL can simultaneously interact with heparin- and GlcNAc-containing macromolecules. Extensive biotinylation was found to suppress the binding activity to heparin while the GlcNAc binding activity is retained. On the other hand, biotinyl PVL binds to sulfatide and the binding is not inhibited by GlcNAc, N-acetylneuraminic acid, or heparin. These results indicate that PVL is a multi-ligand adhesive lectin that can interact with various glycoconjugates. This multispecificity needs to be recognized when using PVL as a sugar-specific probe to avoid misleading information about the nature of glycoforms.  (+info)

*Agaric

Contemporary sources now tend to use the term euagarics to refer to all agaric members of the Agaricales. "Agaric" is also ... Most species of agarics are within orders of and describe the members of the order Agaricales in the subphylum Agaricomycotina ... Old systems of classification place all agarics in the Agaricales and some (mostly older) sources use "agarics" as the ...

*Cortinarius violaceus

Cortinarius (Agaricales) in the Nordic countries, taxonomy, ecology and chorology". Nordic Journal of Botany. 3 (5): 577-92. ... Agaricales) from the Americas and Australasia". MycoKeys. 11: 1-21. doi:10.3897/mycokeys.11.5409. Harrower E, Bougher NL, ...

*Agaricales

Singer treated three major groups within the Agaricales sensu lato: the Agaricales sensu stricto, Boletineae, and Russulales. ... ISBN 0-471-52229-5. Mushroom Expert The Gilled Mushrooms ("Agaricales") Tree of Life: Agaricales. ... The fungal order Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills) or euagarics, contains some of the ... There are several genera classified in the Agaricales that are i) poorly known, ii) have not been subjected to DNA analysis, or ...

*Inocybe

Agaricales)". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 35 (1): 1-20. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.014. PMID 15737578. http://www.museocivico. ...

*Inocybe geophylla

ISBN 0-7513-1070-0. Matheny, P. Brandon; Bougher, Neale L. (2004). "A new violet species of Inocybe (Agaricales) from Urban and ... Agaricales)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 35 (1): 1-20. Phillips, Roger (1981). Mushrooms and Other Fungi of Great ...

*Tricholoma acerbum

Agaricales; Tricholomataceae; Tricholoma ...

*Callistosporium vinosobrunneum

Agaricales; Catathelasmataceae; Callistosporium Desjardin, Dennis E; Hemmes, Don E (2011). "Agaricales of the Hawaiian Islands ...

*Inocybaceae

List of Agaricales families Cannon PF, Kirk PM (2007). Fungal Families of the World. Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 176. ISBN 0- ... The Inocybaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. Members of this family have a widespread distribution in ... Agaricales)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 35 (1): 1-20. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.014. PMID 15737578. Kirk PM, ... "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview". Mycologia. 98: 982-995. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID ...

*Ganoderma

Agaricales (Polyporaceae). North Amer. Flora 9:73-131. Karsten PA. (1881). "Enumeratio Boletinearum et Polyporearum Fennicarum ...

*Oudemansiella

Physalacriaceae, Agaricales)". Mycosystema. 28 (1): 1-13. ISSN 1672-6472. Oudemansiella in Index Fungorum. ...

*Amanita regalis

In his original (1949) version of Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy, Rolf Singer considered it a subspecies of A. muscaria, but ... Basidiomycetes Agaricales". Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici (in Hungarian). 83: 87-89. ISSN 0521-4726. ... Singer R. (1986). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy (4th ed.). Königstein im Taunus, Germany: Koeltz Scientific Books. p. 450. ...

*Suillus lakei

Basidiomycetes, Agaricales". Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici (in Hungarian). 82: 61-4. ISSN 0521-4726. ... Valenzuela E, Esteve-Raventos F (1999). "Some allochthonous Agaricales s.l. associated with exotic trees cultivated in the X ...

*Rhizomarasmius

List of Agaricales genera Moreau PA, Vila J, Aime MC, Antonín V, Horak E, Pérez-Butrón JL, Richard F, Urban A, Welti S, Vizzini ... Xerulaceae, Agaricales)". Mycotaxon. 75: 333-342. Ronikier M, Ronikier A (2011). "Dryas". Mycologia. 103 (5): 1124-1132. doi: ...

*Oudemansiella australis

Physalacriaceae, Agaricales)". Mycosystema. 28 (1): 1-13. Ridley G. (2004). "A system for the development of English language ... Stevenson G. (1964). "The Agaricales of New Zealand: V". Kew Bulletin. 19 (1): 1-59. doi:10.2307/4108283. (subscription ...

*Psychoactive Amanita mushroom

Agaricales, Fungi). Retrieved 2013-02-21. Tulloss RE; Yang Z-L (2012). "Amanita muscaria var. guessowii Veselý". Studies in the ... Agaricales, Fungi). Retrieved 2013-02-21. "Amanita muscaria var. inzengae - Amanitaceae.org - Taxonomy and Morphology of ...

*Amanita muscaria var. formosa

1982). Agaricales of California, Vol. 1: Amanitaceae. Berkeley, California: Mad River Press. ISBN 978-0916422240. Tulloss RE; ... Agaricales, Fungi). Retrieved 2013-02-21. Amanita muscaria var. formosa in Index Fungorum. ...

*Ganoderma sessile

Agaricales (Polyporaceae). North Amer. Flora 9:73-131. Atkinson, G. F. 1908. Observations on Polyporus lucidus Leys and some of ...

*Entoloma murrayi

Algunos Agaricales" [New records of fungi from the state of Veracruz Mexico II. Some Agaricales]. Revista Mexicana de Micología ... In a large-scale molecular phylogenetic analysis of Agaricales species published in 2002, E. murrayi grouped in a clade ... Horak E. (1975). "On cuboid-spored species of Entoloma (Agaricales)". Sydowia. 28 (1-6): 171-236 (see p. 183). McKnight VB, ... ISBN 978-0-8156-3112-5. Baroni TJ, Halling RE (2000). "Some Entolomataceae (Agaricales) from Costa Rica". Brittonia. 52 (2): ...

*Cortinarius microarcheri

Agaricales) in Australasia. 1. Subgen. Myxacium and subgen. Paramyxacium" (PDF). Sydowia. 42: 88-168. Cortinarius microarcheri ...

*Tricholoma fumosoluteum

1914). "Agaricales (Agaricaceae)". North American Flora. 10 (1): 1-76 (see p. 13). "Tricholoma fumosoluteum (Peck) Sacc. :122, ...

*Cortinarius archeri

Agaricales) in Australasia. 1. Subgen. Myxacium and subgen. Paramyxacium" (PDF). Sydowia. 42: 88-168 [120-22]. Gasparini B ( ... Agaricales) derived from morphological and molecular data". Canadian Journal of Botany. 83 (11): 1457-77. doi:10.1139/b05-107. ... Agaricales, Basidiomycota)". Mycologia. 96 (3): 1042-1058. doi:10.2307/3762088. PMID 21148925. Garnica S, Weiß M, Oertel B, ...

*Tricholoma acre

1914). "Agaricales (Agaricaceae)". 10 (1): 1-76 (seep. 8). "Tricholoma acre Peck :139, 1897". MycoBank. International ... Lamoureux Y, Neumann P (1990). "Additions to the Agaricales of Quebec (Basidiomycetes)". Naturaliste Canadien (Quebec). 117 (3 ...

*Cortinarius rotundisporus

Agaricales) in Australasia. 1. Subgen. Myxacium and subgen. Paramyxacium" (PDF). Sydowia. 42: 88-168. Ratkowsky DA, Gates GM ( ...

*Limacella glischra

1914). "Agaricales (Agaricaceae)". North American Flora. 10 (1): 41. Limacella glischra in Index Fungorum. ...

*Termitomyces schimperi

Agaricales) of Namibia". South African Journal of Botany. 57 (1): 67-70. Ozondjahe Hunting Safaris. "Omajowa, Termite Hill ...
China Hericium Erinaceus Powder Extract, Polysaccharides 15%, 17%, 30% by UV, Find details about China Hericium Erinaceus Extract, Polysaccharides from Hericium Erinaceus Powder Extract, Polysaccharides 15%, 17%, 30% by UV - Kingherbs Limited
An agaric /ˈæɡərɪk/ or /əˈɡærɪk/ is a type of mushroom[1] fungus fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus (cap) that is clearly differentiated from the stipe (stalk), with lamellae (gills) on the underside of the pileus. "Agaric" can also refer to a basidiomycete species characterized by an agaric-type fruiting body. Archaically agaric meant tree-fungus (after Latin agaricum); however, that changed with the Linnaean interpretation in 1753 when Linnaeus used the generic name Agaricus for gilled mushrooms.. Most species of agarics are within orders of and describe the members of the order Agaricales in the subphylum Agaricomycotina. The exceptions, where agarics have evolved independently, feature largely in the orders Russulales, Boletales, Hymenochaetales and several other groups of the overarching phylum Basidiomycetes. Old systems of classification place all agarics in the Agaricales and some (mostly older) sources use "agarics" as the colloquial collective noun for ...
The family Tricholomataceae, contained within the Tricholomatoid clade, has traditionally been one of the largest families of the Agaricales. However, in this sense it is highly polyphyletic and requires emendation. Here, we present a phylogeny of the Tricholomatoid clade based on nucleotide sequence data from two nuclear ribosomal RNA genes (large subunit and small subunit) and the second-largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (rpb2). Our aim is to delimit the Tricholomataceae and identify monophyletic groups within the Tricholomatoid clade. We also infer a separate phylogeny, based on the three genes above, in addition to sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS), in order to evaluate generic-level boundaries within the Tricholomataceae s.str. Based on this analysis we recover seven monophyletic genera within the Tricholomataceae s.str. that correspond to Leucopaxillus, Tricholoma, Pseudotricholoma stat. nov., Porpoloma s.str., Dennisiomyces, Corneriella gen. nov., ...
An overview of the phylogeny of the Agaricales is presented based on a multilocus analysis of a six-gene region supermatrix. Bayesian analyses of 5611 nucleotide characters of rpb1, rpb1-intron 2, rpb2 and 18S, 25S, and 5.8S ribosomal RNA genes recovered six major clades, which are recognized informally and labeled the Agaricoid, Tricholomatoid, Marasmioid, Pluteoid, Hygrophoroid and Plicaturopsidoid clades. Each clade is discussed in terms of key morphological and ecological traits. At least 11 origins of the ectomycorrhizal habit appear to have evolved in the Agaricales, with possibly as many as nine origins in the Agaricoid plus Tricholomatoid clade alone. A family based phylogenetic classification is sketched for the Agaricales, in which 30 families, four unplaced tribes and two informally named clades are recognized ...
Coprinopsis cinerea is a species of mushroom in the family Psathyrellaceae. Commonly known as the gray shag, it is edible, but must be used promptly after collecting. Coprinopsis cinerea is an important model organism for studying fungal sex and mating types, mushroom development, and the evolution of multicellularity of fungi. The genome sequence was published in 2010. It is considered to be particularly suited organism to study meiosis, due to its synchronous meiotic development and prolonged prophase. Researchers in 2014 discovered a protein produced by Coprinopsis cinerea with antibiotic properties. The protein, known as copsin, has similar effects to other non-protein organically derived antibiotics. To date, it has not been determined whether antibiotic medicine for humans and other animals can be developed from this protein. Coprinopsis cinerea can be grown on complex (e.g. YMG, YMG/T) or minimal media (e.g. mKjalke medium), solid or liquid, with or without agitation, at 25 °C or ...
With as many berry bushes, I have seen my share of witches broom in blackberries. What are the symptoms of witches broom fungus, and is there a method for treating witches broom disease? Click this article to learn more.
Abstract The present study investigated the antibacterial effect of four extracts from the fruitbody of the edible medicinal mushroom Hericium erinaceus (hot water extract, HWE; microwave/50% ethanol extract, MWE; acid extract, ACE; and alkaline extract, AKE) against murine salmonellosis. The extracts had no effect on Salmonella ser. Typhimurium growth in culture. Nor were the extracts toxic to murine macrophage cells, RAW 264.7. HWE and MWE stimulated uptake of the bacteria into the macrophage cells as indicated by increased colony-forming unit (CFU) counts of the contents of the lysed macrophages infected with Salmonella Typhimurium for 30 and 60 min. Two hours postinfection, the bacterial counts increased in the macrophages, but 4 and 8 h postinfection the HWE- and MWE-treated cells showed greater activity against the bacteria than the control. HWE- and MWE-treated noninfected macrophages had altered morphology and elevated inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression. In the ...
Tricholomataceae es una familia de hongos del orden Agaricales. A ella pertenecen 78 géneros y 1020 especies.[1]​ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th ed. Wallingford: CABI. p. 700. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Abt. 1. 117:1012 Singer R. (1958). «New genera of fungi. VIII. Notes concerning the sections of the genus Marasmius Fr.». Mycologia 50 (1): 103-10. doi:10.2307/10.2307/3756041. Fries, Fries (1849). Summa vegetabilium Scandinaviae (en latin). Uppsala: Holmiae et Lipsiae. p. 312. Baroni TJ, Franco-Molano AE, Lodge DJ, Lindner DL, Horak E, Hofstetter V. (2007). «Arthromyces and Blastosporella, two new genera of conidia-producing lyophylloid agarics (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) from the neotropics». Mycological Research 111 (5): 572-80. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.007. Singer R. (1970). «Omphalinae, Clitocybeae - Tricholomataceae. Basidiomycetes». Flora Neotropica 3: 17. Consultado el 29 de ...
Latin Name: Hericium erinaceus. Active Ingredient: Polysaccharide. Test Method: Anthrone sulfuric acid method. Appearance: Brown powder,Slightly special flavor.. Specification: 5%-40%. Sieve analysis: 100mesh. Residue on Ignition: ≤5%. Extraction Solvent: Ethanol &Water. Total Plate Count: ,1000cfu/g GB 4789.2-2010. Yeast and Mold: ,25cfu/g GB 4789.15-2010. Staphylococcus aureus: Negative GB 4789.10-2010. Storage: Store in cool and dry place; Away from strong sunlight, heat and moisture.. Package: 10kg/carton or 25kg/drum,2.5kg/bag, vacuum packing.. Heavy Metal Test Method (International standard). Pb≤1.0mg/kg GB 5009.12-2010. As≤0.5mg/kg GB/T 5009.11-2003. Hg≤0.01mg/kg GB/T 5009.17-2003. Cr≤0.5mg/kg GB/T 5009.123-2003. Cd≤0.2mg/kg GB/T 5009.15-2003. Total Heavy Metal<10ppm. ...
Stropharia hornemannii. [ Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > Strophariaceae > Stropharia . . . ]. by Michael Kuo. Stropharia hornemannii is a large, charismatic Stropharia with a slimy, reddish brown to purple-brown or brown cap and a thick, scaly stem. Its range is apparently limited to the conifer forests of northern and montane areas. It tends to grow in clusters, and is often found fruiting from well decayed wood.. Description:. Ecology: Saprobic; growing alone, scattered, or in clusters on duff and woody debris in conifer forests; often found fruiting from well decayed wood; summer and fall; widely distributed in northern and montane North America.. Cap: 4-16 cm; convex, becoming broadly convex or flat (sometimes broadly bell-shaped); slimy; reddish brown to purple-brown, brown, or olive brown--often fading to tan or pale yellowish brown; smooth; occasionally with white partial veil remnants near the margin.. Gills: Attached to the stem or beginning to pull away from it; close; pale gray at ...
Hericium abietis. [ Basidiomycota > Russulales > Hericiaceae > Hericium . . . ]. by Michael Kuo. This western species of Hericium grows on the wood of conifers in fall and winter from northern California to Alaska. While enormous specimens are often recorded, Hericium abietis is usually about the size of a softball or a soccer ball. It features tightly packed branches that are hung with many thin spines, creating a cascading appearance. When fresh and young the mushroom is creamy white, or sometimes pinkish--but it discolors yellowish to brownish in old age. Young specimens that are scarcely branched might be confused with Hericium erinaceus, but the latter species grows on the wood of hardwoods and has longer teeth.. Description:. Ecology: Saprobic and parasitic on the wood of conifers (including firs, Douglas-fir, and hemlock); growing alone; fall and winter; distributed from northern California to Idaho and Alaska. The illustrated and described collection is from Oregon.. Fruiting Body: ...
Clitocybe rivulosa = Clitocybe dealbata, Fools Funnel mushroom: pictures (images), habitat, identification, synonyms, similar species
Tricholoma aurantium. [ Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > Tricholomataceae > Tricholoma . . . ]. by Michael Kuo. This gorgeous Tricholoma is easily recognized by its orange (and usually slimy) cap; its mealy taste; and its distinctive stem, which features orangish scales that terminate near the apex, leaving a white zone at the top. However, Tricholoma aurantium has no partial veil, and the sheathed appearance of the stem results from the arrangement of the tiny scales rather than a true ring. Tricholoma aurantium is mycorrhizal with various conifers and can be found throughout much of North America.. I am enough of a mushroom dork to have been thrilled when I discovered (while studying the "Material Cited" sections of Ovrebos 1980 dissertation on Tricholoma--I told you I was a dork) that the illustrated collection was made in the same location as collections made by prominent mycologists over the years, including Robert Shaffer in 1968 and Nancy Weber in 1974. The Carp Creek Gorge in Cheboygan ...
Agaricales Bonnet Euagaric Federal German Mossy Nature Republic The: 1 assigned downloads, like Mycena metata mushrooms, Untergroeningen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, Europe from stock-photos
When old bread grows fungus on it, many of us have laughingly said that a bit of penicillin isnt going to harm us; and chopping off the offending portion we have proceeded to make toast and eat it! Now we hear a lot about medicinal mushrooms and their curative properties that can assist in a lot of different ailments.. Medicinal mushrooms are those mushrooms that are used for medical practice as, or in a number of different palliatives. While in traditional forms of medicine, different varieties of mushrooms have long held pride of place, medical researchers and ethnobotanists have now an increased interest it the curative properties of mushrooms.. In fact the properties that make mushrooms inhibit growth of certain tumors and enhance immunity have fascinated researchers for the past 50 years now.. Enoki, King Oyster mushrooms, and Shiitake are just some of the varieties of mushrooms that are said to have medicinal properties. Chaga mushrooms have long been used in places such as Russia for ...
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Agaricales Capnoides Euagarics Floor Fungus Hypholoma Nobody Photos Teleomorph: 1 assigned downloads, like Smokey Gilled Woodlover mushroom (Hypholoma capnoides), Untergroeningen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, Europe from stock-photos
i] Conner J.M. et. Al. "NGF Is Essential for Hippocampal Plasticity and Learning" The Journal of Neuroscience 2 September 2009, 29(35): 10883-10889 (source). [ii] Lai P.L., Naidu M., Sabaratnam V., Wong K.H., David R.P., Kuppusamy U.R., Abdullah N., Malek S.N. "Neurotrophic properties of the Lions mane medicinal mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Higher Basidiomycetes) from Malaysia." International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms. 2013;15(6):539-54. (source). [iii] Nagano M., Shimizu K., Kondo R., Hayashi C., Sato D., Kitagawa K., Ohnuki K. "Reduction of depression and anxiety by 4 weeks Hericium erinaceus intake." Biomedical Research. 2010 Aug;31(4):231-7. (source). [iv] Kelly A., Conroy S., Lynch M.A. "Evidence that nerve growth factor plays a role in long-term potentiation in the rat dentate gyrus."Neuropharmacology. 1998 Apr-May;37(4-5):561-70. (source). [v] Kawagishi H., et. Al. "Erinacines A, B and C, strong stimulators of nerve growth factor (NGF)-synthesis, from the mycelia of Hericium ...
A List with 0 English Anagrams of AGARICALES -- FindTheWord.info is a search engine for English words. FindTheWord.info searches for partial words (both crossword solver and part of word), help with cheating in Scrabble and Wordfeud, finds anagrams, palindromes, and words in word, and much more.The dictionary used contains more than 589,000 English words.
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Leucoagaricus meleagris kainoukonsieni L piote mouchet e Compostchampignonparasol Perlhuhn Egerlingschirmling bedlica perličkov bedla sklen kov kompost- ...
Molecular systematic studies of the Agaricales have radically transformed our interpretations of the evolution and classification of gilled mushrooms and their relatives (Hibbett et al. 1997; Moncalvo et al. 2000, 2002; Matheny et al. 2006). The overwhelming majority of species produces fruit bodies with gills (lamellae), but the evolution of gills has arisen numerous times in the Agaricomycetes (Hibbet et al. 1997). Likewise, multiple lineages of gasteromycetes (puffballs, bird s nest fungi, false truffles), species that produce spores in an enclosed fruiting structure, have evolved independently among the Agaricales (Peintner et al. 2001). Studies by Bodensteiner et al. (2004), Larsson et al. (2004), and Binder et al. (2005) have shown that some non-gilled fungi, including reduced or cup-like (cyphelloid) forms and crustose or resupinate forms, share their evolutionary histories with numerous lineages of Agaricales, including some lineages that evolved in aquatic or marine environments (Binder ...
Ortiz, Adriana, Ana Esperanza Franco-Molano & Mauricio Bacci Jr. A new species of Leucoagaricus (Agaricaceae) from Colombia. Mycotaxon 106: 371-378. 2008. ABSTRACT: A new taxon of Leucoagaricus is proposed as L. amazonicus. The collection representing this species was collected in the lowlands of the Amazonas Department, Colombia, on a dump produced by ants belonging to Acromyrmex octospinosus. The very particular habitat, the small size and dark brown basidiomata that stain yellowish when bruised, the peronate inferior annulus, and the cheilocystidia which are relatively short, capitate and filled with dense brown contents are some of the features of this species. KEYWORDS: Agaricales, taxonomy, Amazonia ...
i am studying endocytosis in coprinopsis cinerea (a mushroom), i tried using the Lysotracker Red to label the vacuoles-like compartment in the mycelium. The observations are new and strange to me. I could see some hollow circular structure, with only the membrane stained red, but at the same time , the lumen of some of the big circular organelles are also stained completely red. I would like to ask. whether lysotrakcer Red stain only the membrane of the acidic organelle or the entire lumen, or both ...
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ID V2X6X4_MONRO Unreviewed; 1044 AA. AC V2X6X4; DT 22-JAN-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 22-JAN-2014, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 23. DE RecName: Full=DNA ligase {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000617}; DE EC=6.5.1.1 {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000617}; GN ORFNames=Moror_14085 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ESK94918.1}; OS Moniliophthora roreri (strain MCA 2997) (Cocoa frosty pod rot fungus) OS (Crinipellis roreri). OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Basidiomycota; Agaricomycotina; OC Agaricomycetes; Agaricomycetidae; Agaricales; Marasmiaceae; OC mitosporic Marasmiaceae; Moniliophthora. OX NCBI_TaxID=1381753 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ESK94918.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017559}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ESK94918.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017559} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=MCA 2997 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ESK94918.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017559}; RX PubMed=24571091; DOI=10.1186/1471-2164-15-164; RA Meinhardt L.W., Costa G.G.L., Thomazella D.P.T., Teixeira ...
Putting mushrooms into your mouth, chewing and swallowing… this concept eventually became a shared norm for humans to enjoy mushrooms on a regular basis - seems unexpected at first ponder! Mushrooms are in fact defined as fleshy, spore-bearing bodies of fungus that grow from decaying matter.
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The Clavariaceae is a diverse family of mushroom-forming fungi composed of species that produce simple clubs, coralloid, lamellate-stipitate, hydnoid and resupinate sporocarps. Here we present a systematic and ecological overview of the Clavariaceae based on phylogenetic analysis of sequences of the nuclear large subunit ribosomal RNA (nLSU), including nine from type collections. Forty-seven sequences from sporocarps of diverse taxa across the Clavariaceae were merged with 243 environmental sequences from GenBank and analyzed phylogenetically to determine major clades within the family. Four major clades or lineages were recovered: (i) Mucronella, (ii) Ramariopsis-Clavulinopsis, (iii) Hyphodontiella and (iv) Clavaria-Camarophyllopsis-Clavicorona. Clavaria is paraphyletic, within which the lamellate and pileate-stipitate genus Camarophyllopsis is derived and composed of two independent lineages. The monotypic genus Clavicorona also appears nested within Clavaria. The monophyly of Clavaria and ...
... : identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar species
Schizophyllum es un género de hongos lignívoros que pertenece a la familia Schizophyllaceae. Incluye seis especies: [1]​ Schizophyllum amplum. Schizophyllum commune. Schizophyllum fasciatum. Schizophyllum murrayi. Schizophyllum radiatum. Schizophyllum variabile. Kirk, PM; Cannon PF; Minter DW; Stalpers JA (2008). CABI, ed. Dictionary of the Fungi (10 edición). Wallingford, UK. p. 620. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. Wikispecies tiene un artículo sobre Schizophyllum. Wikispecies Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Schizophyllum. Commons Schizophyllum en Index Fungorum (en inglés). Schizophyllum en «Tom Volks Fungus of the Month ...
Molecular phylogenies using 1-4 gene regions and information on ecology, morphology and pigment chemistry were used in a partial revision of the agaric family Hygro- phoraceae. The phylogenetically supported genera we recognize here in the Hygrophoraceae based on these and previous analyses are: Acantholichen, Ampulloclitocybe, Arrhenia, Cantharellula, Cantharocybe, Chromosera, Chrysomphalina, Cora, Corella, Cuphophyllus, Cyphellostereum, Dictyonema, Eonema, Gliophorus, Haasiella, Humidicutis, Hygroaster, Hygrocybe, Hygrophorus, Lichenomphalia, Neohygrocybe, Porpolomopsis and Pseudoarmillariella. A new genus that is sister to Chromosera is described as Gloioxanthomyces. Revisions were made at the ranks of subfamily, tribe, genus, subgenus, section and subsection. We present three new subfamilies, eight tribes (five new), eight subgenera (one new, one new combination and one stat. nov.), 26 sections (five new and three new combinations and two stat. nov.) and 14 subsections (two new, two stat. ...
Used references: Auroras Mushrooms Demystified. Looks nothing at all like Auroras color picture of this mushroom, but the gills are very similar. Aurora says the cap should be wine-colored, and the cap was kind of a burgundy red but with lots of brown. The edges of the gills are white. The stipe is perhaps 2 inches long, and about 3mm thick. Searched MO, but found not examples. Not known from Oregon, either. ...
My mind is still reeling from the Labour Day weekend, when Lisa and I attended the Great Alberta Foray in the Bow and Kananaskis valleys. The foray was run by the Alberta Mycological Society.. One month ago, I didnt know what mushrooms were. Of course I had cooked and eaten them, but I didnt understand, for instance, their anatomy (why do they have gills?) or their role in my front lawn (why do they grow in rings?).. Here are some mushroom basics I learned that weekend.. 1. Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of fungi.. I was sure of one fact before attending the foray: mushrooms are fungi. (Mycologists, however, pronounce the word with a soft "g", which precludes any "fun guy" homophone jokes.) "Mushrooms are fungi" is actually a misleading statement, as the visible, fleshy mushrooms we all know are only a small part of the fungal organism. Beneath the mushroom, in the substrate, which may be soil or a dead tree or an old shoe, is a network of microscopic fibers called hyphae. There can be 2km ...
2006) - including lignin peroxidases (8), manganese peroxidases (8), other oxidoreductases (87) and glycoside hydrolases (90). 7). The lignolytic basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea is predicted to secrete 1,769 proteins and 76 of these have been identified as enzymes (Bouws et al. 2008). The physical structure of plant detritus is an important determinant of the order in which the polymers are degraded. Soluble carbohydrates may be located on the outer fiber structures of litter or diffuse out of the complex, making them susceptible to the early colonizers in the degradation sequence. In other words, the allocation of resources to generating and externalizing enzymes must be compensated by the gain in energy and nutrients for the processes of microbial growth and cell division. However, soil is an hostile environment and once extracellular enzymes leave the cell they are subject to denaturation, degradation, adsorption and dilution. The locations and functions of enzymes in soil have been ...
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Jacobsson, S. , S. Muskos & E. Larsson. Tricholoma borgsjoeënse, a new species from a boreal coniferous forest in Fennoscandia. Mycotaxon 95: 195 - 200. 2005.. ABSTRACT: Tricholoma borgsjoeënse, a species new to science, is described and illustrated. Its systematic position was investigated by use of ITS and LSU nuclear rDNA sequence data. The phylogenetic analysis indicates that the new species belongs in section Terrea and is closely related to the American species Tricholoma atroviolaceum. KEYWORDS: Basidiomycotina, Agaricales, Tricholomataceae, taxonomy, phylogeny. ...
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Kirk, Paul M. (2010). Clitocybe leucodiatreta Bon, 1980. Accessed through: VLIZ Belgian Marine Species Consortium (2010 onwards). The Belgian Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/berms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=478338 on 2018-01- ...
The Shrimp Russula (Russula xerampelina) is a bit tricky to recognize, since it caps can come in many different colors, such as bright red, brownish red, maroon, deep purple, also in forms with brown caps and black centers, greenish yellow or completely honey tan, in short this mushroom is a real "shade shifter". I am showing here a common color variation. If you know how to recognize Brittle gills (Russula), luckily a genus without seriously poisonous mushrooms, you need to look for the following traits: viscid cap [when it is dry, usually some debris is glued to it], stem usually with a tinge of pink and always staining yellowish-green and then brown when handled or bruised. Its taste is mild, many other Russulas are peppery hot, and it has a fishy odor at maturity. But when this fishy odor gets a bit too strong in old specimen, it seems to smell of rotten fungus and is not very specific. "Shrimps" are quite common, but often one has to turn over quite a few Russula to find the Shrimps. The ...
Mushroom Observer, Inc., has been recognized as a section 501(c)(3) public charity serving educational purposes. Your donations will help us maintain free online access to all the mycological observations already recorded, and to continue to improve the platform to make the collected information even more useful ...
DNA sequences show that the traditional genus Micromphale appears to be polyphyletic. Nuclear ribosomal LSU and ITS DNA sequences place Micromphale sect. Perforantia Singer (typus sect. M. perforans) within Gymnopus, comprising a clade sister to a mixture of traditional Gymnopus taxa including G. fusipes (typus generis) plus traditional Marasmius sect. Androsacei. This study enlarges sect. Perforantia and shows that sect. Perforantia is a clade separate from those including Micromphale sect. Micromphale and sect. Rhizomorphigena. A new subsection Pinophili is proposed to include new species G. pinophilus and G. ponderosae. Eleven taxa are accepted at species rank, of which nine are proposed as new, mostly morpho-taxa.
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Did you know that mushrooms are neither vegetables or fruits but in fact fungi? Ancient cultures throughout the world have used this item for medicinal purposes for centuries including the famed Egyptian civilization. China is the foremost mushroom cultivator in the world followed by the United States. Out of the many mushroom species in the world only 10 are commercially cultivated. These include shiitake, button mushrooms, oyster, enoki, maitake and more.. We take a look at some of the health benefits of including this food in your daily diet.. Aids weight loss. Mushrooms contain very little fat and carbohydrates. They are rich in dietary fiber which fills the stomach and makes you feel fuller longer. As a result, there is less food and calories intake leading to effective and lasting weight loss. The food item is loaded with B-complex vitamins that boost the human bodys metabolism which uses up the body fat to generate energy. Scientific studies have proven that regular consumption of this ...
Did you know that mushrooms are neither vegetables or fruits but in fact fungi? Ancient cultures throughout the world have used this item for medicinal purposes for centuries including the famed Egyptian civilization. China is the foremost mushroom cultivator in the world followed by the United States. Out of the many mushroom species in the world only 10 are commercially cultivated. These include shiitake, button mushrooms, oyster, enoki, maitake and more.. We take a look at some of the health benefits of including this food in your daily diet.. Aids weight loss. Mushrooms contain very little fat and carbohydrates. They are rich in dietary fiber which fills the stomach and makes you feel fuller longer. As a result, there is less food and calories intake leading to effective and lasting weight loss. The food item is loaded with B-complex vitamins that boost the human bodys metabolism which uses up the body fat to generate energy. Scientific studies have proven that regular consumption of this ...
Effect of Crude Plant Extracts on Mushroom Mite, Luciaphorus sp. Acari: Pygmephoridae. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
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? Christopher Hobbs L.Ac., A.H.G. Mushrooms have been valued throughout the world as both food and medicine for thousands of years. Throughout the world, many people enjoy hunting for wild mushrooms
BioAssay record AID 539043 submitted by ChEMBL: Inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase at 400 uM after 20 mins by spectrophotometric analysis.
Pictures © 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 J.K. Lindsey. Please report errors to [email protected] Translations. Back to Ecology of Commanster. ...
6.. Beat the egg and stir it through the crab stuffing. Lay the portobello mushrooms on a baking tray. Divide the mix and press into each mushroom, right to the edges. Drizzle 2 tsp oil over the mushrooms. Bake for 15 mins till the mushrooms are soft and the stuffing has browned. ...
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Qué es la anemia perniciosa? - La anemia perniciosa es un padecimiento que se produce cuando una persona tiene muy pocos glóbulo ...
Mushroom Supplements (Host Defense Organic Mushrooms):. ORDER MUSHROOMS or Click on a Flavor then ADD MUSHROOM EXTRACT TO YOUR JUICE. Although we feel that a diet based on whole plant food is the essence of great health (drinking ah juices makes it possible to include the recommended 9-13 servings daily) there is occasion where augmentation can be important. After much consideration and research we feel that supplementation provided by Host Defense Organic Mushrooms is an excellent adjunct to ah juices-enhancing the medicinal quality of our juice.. Grown in the Northwest Seattle area (a natural mushroom haven) under Paul Stamets expertise and uncompromising integrity Host Defense Organic Mushrooms have emerged as some of the worlds leading functional, medicinal, and gourmet foods. Well established for eons in Asia as medicine, mushrooms are now being researched extensively both in the west and Asia for their promising contribution to peoples and the planets health and wellness.. Alfred ...
There was also during the workshop the distribution and demonstration of use of the booklet Instructions for collection of macrofungo Agaricales and Gasteroides ...
uuid": "a125ac09-cc5c-4742-b8fd-9bca2e740c38", "type": "records", "etag": "b69b52c23bd720ab49247ec7b423f021cb587f93", "data": { "dwc:startDayOfYear": "160", "dwc:kingdom": "Fungi", "dwc:recordedBy": "Rytas Vilgalys; et al.", "dwc:order": "Agaricales", "dcterms:references": "http://mycoportal.org/portal/collections/individual/index.php?occid=1937454", "dwc:occurrenceID": "1937454", "dwc:stateProvince": "Puerto Rico", "dwc:eventDate": "1998-06-09", "dwc:collectionID": "urn:uuid:1231eb25-bc07-4174-9660-69fe787f1c2e", "dwc:country": "USA", "idigbio:recordId": "urn:uuid:0739b79b-d85d-4c2e-af6f-dcad41060673", "dwc:occurrenceRemarks": "annulus missing. white stipe and gills. top of cap reddish-orange and bumpy. stipe fragile. pileus planar with gills free to adnexed; fruiting habit: solitary.", "dwc:basisOfRecord": "PreservedSpecimen", "dwc:genus": "Lepiota", "dwc:family": "Agaricaceae", "symbiota:verbatimScientificName": "Lepiota", "dwc:rights": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/", ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Fungi • Divisio: Basidiomycota • Subdivisio: Agaricomycotina • Classis: Agaricomycetes • Subclassis: Agaricomycetidae • Ordo: Agaricales • Familia: Strophariaceae • Genus: Cyclocybe • Species: Cyclocybe aegerita (V. Brig.) Vizzini, 2014 ...
MykoWeb -- information on mushrooms and other fungi, edible mushrooms, poisonous mushrooms, mycophagy, and mycology primarily for the amateur. Includes descriptions, photographs, recipes, and more.
Unique Little Creatures: Mushrooms are not plants, nor are they animals. In fact, mushrooms are within their very own kingdom known as Fungi. They appear to grow like plants, yet lack the many key components of plants such as roots, seeds, chlorophyll, and the ability to produce their own food. Like animals, they consume their food, but not by grazing or hunting. They break down organic matter, similar to bacteria. This action helps to recycle nutrients in the natural system. By being such a unique life form and occupying their very own kingdom, mushrooms, and other fungi, have many exceptional. ...
Wong, K.H.; Naidu, M.; David, P.; Abdulla, M.A.; Abdullah, N.; Kuppusamy, U.R.; Sabaratnam, V. (2011) Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Following Crush Injury to Rat Peroneal Nerve by Aqueous Extract of Medicinal Mushroom Hericium erinaceus (Bull.: Fr) Pers. (Aphyllophoromycetideae). Evid Based Complement Alternat Med... ...
Mushrooms are a wonderful addition to almost any meal. These white mushrooms are the most common, and are great on pizzas, and in oriental dishes.
I was hanging with a bunch of six year olds the other day, and they got talking about mushrooms. Now this was a relatively random sampling of local kids, and these were some seriously knowledgeable little gourmands. They were debating the relative merits of different types of wild mushrooms and where you could find them.....how they looked and what other mushrooms they look like....how to clean them and cook them best. Can I remind you all again that these kids are six ...
potency is not everything!!!!!! but for the best ease/potency ratio pan trops are the way to go. AFOAF is having excellent luck with the pan trops on dung. ive as yet seen no one sucessfully growing
Michael is the founder and owner of Ecologia, which specializes in edible landscapes. Following a brief introduction by Common Markets Zoe, Michael invited each of us to introduce ourselves and explain why we had come. For most of us, the answer was, "To learn how to grow mushrooms because we like to eat them." Then we watched an 18-minute educational TED video presentation by mushroom guru Paul Stamets, in which he explained the invaluable role that fungi and mycelium play in our ecosystem. Michael added some inspirational words, grabbing everyones attention when he spoke of growing mushrooms on books and toilet paper rolls, and we trooped outside to grow fungi.. Together we created a "mushroom lasagna" bed in the cool shade of some pine trees, with layers of small wood chips already impregnated with mycelium from another bed, cardboard, large wood chips, mushroom spawn (wine caps), more chips, more cardboard, water, and straw. Attendees all joined in to help - Michael wanted us to be able to ...
RAVE KEYINGREDIENTS An exclusive extract of Hericium erinaceus only found in RAVE. A specialized extract of the fruit body, rich in naturally occurring compound
It is delicious and it turns out to be one of the few edible mushrooms that is safer for a beginner to ID. No look-a-likes (except other edible mushrooms in the Bolete family, some dont taste good and a few will make you sick, but none of them will kill you) and it seems to grow everywhere. It is not elusive like other wild mushrooms. It is literally growing in our front yard here on the homestead ...
Like vitamin C, mushrooms have been spoken about in holistic circles as being a wonderful cancer prevention and cure. Whether or not this is true, they are said to possess properties that are immense...
If losing weight is on your list of New Years resolutions, then mushrooms may become your new BFF.. Ive written, in recent weeks, about the fab fungis cancer-fighting properties. Research also shows mushrooms can help you avoid consuming too many calories.. "A 2008 study published in the journal Appetite found that participants who substituted mushrooms in dishes traditionally made with ground beef-lasagna and chili, for example-reported no difference in enjoyment or hunger satisfaction compared to those who dined on the meat-containing dishes, despite consuming from 300 to almost 600 fewer calories," says registered dietitian Karen Collins, nutrition adviser for the American Institute for Cancer Research.. "Adding mushrooms and other vegetables to soups, stews and casseroles is a great way to make a dish more filling with fewer calories," she adds. "However, mushrooms are not nutritional substitutes for meat, since they are substantially lower in protein, iron, zinc and vitamin B12. So, when ...
It could have been a worm. But I felt that mushrooms were special because I found out that they clean up environment toxins in soil. Theres no single mushroom that kills all environmental toxins, but they cover a lot of ground. What also started it was the mycologist Paul Stamets who I studied with. He is kind of the grandfather of people who work with mushrooms. He talks about the mushroom as being the interface organism between life and death, that mushrooms are the master decomposers. So what better organism to work with ...
Researcher Lawrence Cheskin, M.D., and his colleagues of the Center for Human Nutrition at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health proposed that low energy density (ED) foods could replace high ED foods, thereby resulting in weight loss. At lunch, for a two-week period, mushrooms (which are low ED) were substituted for beef (which is high ED), and "energy intake, fat intake, palatability, appetite, satiation and satiety in normal weight, overweight and obese adults [were evaluated].". Subjects ate a total of eight mushroom lunches during a two-week period. The subjects found no real difference in palatability, appetite, satiation or satiety between the mushroom meals and the beef meals. Moreover, results showed that by substituting mushrooms for beef, subjects on average consumed 420 less calories per meal.. If you wondering what type of mushrooms are available and what nutrients they contain, heres the latest information provided by the USDAs National Nutrient Database.. ...
Gourmet Mushroom Products offers mushroom Plug Spawn and Cheese Wax for the cultivation of gourmet and medicinal mushrooms on logs and stumps.
Gourmet Mushroom Products offers mushroom Plug Spawn and Cheese Wax for the cultivation of gourmet and medicinal mushrooms on logs and stumps.
Discover unique photos & visuals by luise th - Explore millions of royalty-free pictures from outstanding photographers with EyeEm
Erinacin z Hericia proti Alzheimerov nemoci - Hericium erinaceus (kor lovec je at ) je jedl a chutn d evokazn houba, kter je v r mci tradi n nsk medic ny po tis ce let...
According to those who know about mushrooms, todays rain might just result in at least a slight increase in the mushrooms available over this weekends Mycology Workshops. However, there are those who insist that the rain has come too late to have an impact on collecting wild mushrooms on Saturday, though rain is forecast for Sunday. Nevertheless, the organizers, in the person of Diego Jiménez, say that the ground still keeping its warmth plus the rain should make it well worth heading for the hills this weekend ...
An ancient remedy thats great for immune health and stress response, adaptogenic mushrooms are packed with antioxidants that help protect our bodies from various viruses, toxins, and more. Each medicinal shroom species comes with its own specific immune benefits based on its unique blend of polysaccharides. Heres how to find the perfect shroom for your needs.
Cancer therapy with medicinal mushrooms. An excellent supportive therapy method is medically effective mushrooms. They have the ability to detoxify the body, remove excess cell toxins and dismantle inflammatory processes. They also have an exceptional regulatory effect on the immune system. They are able to prevent vascular neoplasms (the building of new vessels) that would be necessary to supply a tumour. And they can initiate the suicide program of the cell, without which the tumour cell would live forever.. Even when, due to chemotherapy and/or radiation, deterioration in blood formation occurs, mushrooms are very effective. Disorders in blood formation (loss of red and white blood cells), fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hair loss or mucosal damage may be consequences of conventional medical treatment. Through medicinal mushroom therapy it is possible to strengthen the healthy tissue and thus to protect them from the side effects. Strengthening is particularly important just after and during ...
Animals given spermidine at a later age gained about 10 percent in longevity, which can still amount to several years worth of life for a human. As noted by Leyuan Liu, Ph.D., assistant professor at the Texas A&M Institute of Biosciences and Technologys Center for Translational Cancer Research:19. "Only three interventions - severely cutting the number of calories consumed, restricting the amount of methionine (a type of amino acid found in meat and other proteins) in the diet and using the drug rapamycin - have been shown to truly prolong the lifespans of vertebrates, but eating less and not eating meat will not be welcomed by [the] general population, while rapamycin has shown to suppress the human immune system. Therefore, spermidine may be a better approach.". Aside from its general anti-aging influence, autophagy is also one of the mechanisms by which polyamines help protect against cancer (specifically liver cancer20,21) and Alzheimers disease.. Polyamines Correct Your Internal Body ...
According to scientists, rave party staples LSD and ketamine (better known as Special K or just K) can be cures for depression and other psychiatric disorders. Wow, the '90s really are coming back full force. And the best part, too!
Magic mushrooms are a hallucinogenic substance. They can be eaten or brewed. Get more info about what Magic Mushrooms are, and their harmful effects.
Hon-Shimeji mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of mycorrhizal fungi. They originate in Japan and other parts of East Asia, where they are both grown and harvested wild. Many mushrooms commercially identified as being of the Hon-Shimeji variety are actually brown beech or brown clamshell mushrooms. True Hon-Shimejis are very difficult to cultivate, and as such they are one of the rarest and most expensive fungal delicacies both in Japan and elsewhere. You will need to purchase a number of synthetic nutrients to add to the growing medium to ensure that the mushrooms grow. They also need to be grown in a climate- and light-controlled environment.. ...
Department of Biotechnology maintains the Mushroom cultivation unit in the college herbal garden. Mushrooms often called as queen of vegetables and table delicious since time immemorial. Mushrooms are good source of proteins, amino acids and vitamins. It includes 1-6% of sugar, 20.3-42% of proteins, 0.5-3.5% of fats, mostly glycerides and glycolipids less frequently phospholipids, 0.5-1.5% of vitamin B2, vitamin D, vitamin E and K, but it also consists of glycogen, mannitol, traces of sorbitol, arabitol and other microelements. It boosts the immune systems, destroys cancer cells, facilitating nerve regenerating , eradicates bacteria, viruses and yeast, improves nutrition, provides better diet quality and help the environment by cleaning polluted soil and restoring habitats near polluting factories; Provides as a potential source of fuel.. Plant waste is the basic substrate utilized for cultivation of different edible mushrooms. Different types of substrates such as paddy straw, sugar cane ...
Agaric - A mushroom with gills on the underside of its cap. Basidium - The club-shaped cell where spores are produced by mushrooms of the subdivision Ascomycotina. Plural is Asci.. Bolete - A fleshy mushroom of the subdivision Basidiomycotina which has a tubelike layer on the undersurface of its cap rather than gills and appears as a many-holed surface.. Bruising - Fungi that change colors when handled, even carefully.. Button - The immature stage of a mushroom before its cap opens.. Cap - The top or head of a mushroom.. Capillitium - Small threads that are mixed with the spores and spore cases of some puffbals and slime molds. Cluster - A group of mushrooms rising together from nearly the same spot, usually touching or attached at the base.. Cup - The saclike tissue at the stalk base of some mushrooms when the veil ruptures, looking like an egg that the mushroom is growing from.. Cuticle - The surface cell layer of a mushroom. Depressed - Sunken.. Descending - Running down the stalk, usually in ...
An Investigation of the Phylogeny and Evolutionary Processes of Deliquescent Fruiting Bodies in the Mushroom Family Psathyrellaceae (Agaricales ...
Understanding and manipulating mushroom cultures to produce has been a long and sometimes frustrating task that has taken lifetimes of research. Once it was found that a profit could be made in the cultivation of mushrooms, the successful cultivators kept their techniques and methods to themselves as to keep out possible competitors and therefore increase profit potential. As a result, until recently families passed on the secrets from generation to generation. Still today with only limited works on the subject those with the resources are becoming the major producers, those who inherited the knowledge from their parents are not using the information as often as previously. Those who would enjoy the cultivation find the research too much of a hassle to continue in their efforts. As a result, the number of home cultivators is very small in comparison to most any other crop, and the commercial growers probably enjoy this situation.. The techniques for growing mushrooms are essentially the same for ...
Une base de donn es mycologique interactive avec fiches descriptives et photos de champignons, cartographie des r coltes, classification du r gne fongique, cl de d termination macroscopique des familles et cl s de d termination informatique pour chaque famille
Common found fungi. This one found on Bramshott common on our hike with dogs today. used a lot in fairy tales as fairy house illustrations. was traditionally used as a fly killer. Poisonous : Hallucinogenic properties.
The Brown Beech mushroom is a highly nutritious mushroom containing significant amounts of potassium, protein, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, magnesium and Vitamin D2 (please refer to Nutrition Facts in Fresh Mushroom Products section). The Brown Beech is highly valued for its culinary properties. Recent research indicates that this mushroom also has strong medicinal activities. Unpublished research in Japan found that the addition of Beech mushrooms to the diet of mice with deficient ApoE levels reduced the density of serum cholesterol and the areas of arteriosclerosis around the heart and main artery by 74% when compared to the control group (see section titled "Recent Medical Research on Beneficial Effects of Mushrooms on Health). Matsuzawa (1998) reported that adding Beech mushroom fruitbodies to the diet of tumor-bearing mice resulted in a potent anti-tumor effect. This research suggests that the significant increases in antioxidant activities (AOA) in the plasma may be a mechanism of ...
Years of study on the impact of mushroom consumption on our health is enormous. Besides, it is important to note there are hundreds of mushroom species out the…
Trevor and Brian are working in partnership with us to produce mushrooms on the row of poplars that were cut down late fall. Last saturday they started to sort the logs into those that they will inoculate and others for just firewood. Ounce this is cleared up Roberto will prepare beds 20 either side to plant two mixed lines of fruit, nut, herbs, Lavender and more in a true permaculture pattern. The mushrooms could start fruiting in the fall. ...
For the most part, the Agaricales are fleshy fungi that are supple at maturity and last for no more than a week or two in nature. The Boletales are also fleshy and can be confused with other fungi that have pores and are hard. Some of these hard fungi are common parasites of trees; the "shelves" that they produce can grow for years ...
Many mushrooms can be grown from a single piece of healthy tissue. When you use a tissue culture, the resulting mushrooms are an exact clone of the parent. There are three main steps to production: agar medium culture, grain spawn and fruiting on substrate.
A super quick, delicious, easy, healthy and filling salad. Edamame beans are high in fiber, ultimately beneficial for your digestion, protein and antioxidants intake. Kale is rich in iron which is essential for the formation of hemoglobin, to help transport oxygen around in the blood, and is also high in fiber. Mushrooms are the only fruit or vegetable which as vitamin D, which we usually only obtain from the sun or correct form of D3 supplements - great now when it is winter and we dont get enough sunlight. Mushrooms also boost the immune system and have been researched for cancer prevention and treatments.
Mushrooms are one of my favorite alkaline foods. I often add them raw to a salad or cook up a delicious mushroom stir-fry for me and my family. The ancient
Help us to expand this encyclopedia! If you are logged in, you can add new subtaxa, vernacular and scientific names, texts, images or intertaxon relationships for this taxon ...
Some mushrooms are poisonous to dogs, although it is a challenge to identify the mushrooms consumed by a dog if the dog spends time in wooded areas or outdoors. There are many classifications of...
Oyster mushrooms do not taste like oysters but rather get their name from their resemblance to the shellfish. Oyster mushrooms are among the most abundant of wild mushrooms. They can be found throughout the year, most often on the trunks of dead trees.. Oyster mushrooms are the third largest cultivated mushroom. China, the world leader in Oyster production, contributes nearly 85% of the total world production of about a million tonnes.. Oyster mushrooms are grown in bags of composted sawdust. The bags are sterilized, then inoculated with mushroom spawn (seed) placed inside the bag.. A characteristic of oyster mushrooms is that they have an eccentric (off-centre) stem or sometimes even no stem at all. Oyster mushrooms are very likely the most perishable of mushrooms. They must be kept between 1 and 4 degrees C.. Their colour can vary slightly depending on variety, from pale gray, to light beige, and sometimes pink or yellow. Oyster Mushrooms are similar to the Chanterelle with a more delicate ...
Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from University of Toronto http://www.archive.org/details/ediblepoisonousmOOmurr X u \ , u v^ *^^ V EDIBLE AND POISONOUS MUSHROOMS A DESCRIPTIVE HANDBOOK TO ACCOM- PANY THE AUTHORS COLORED CHART OF EDIBLE AND POISONOUS MUSHROOMS BY WILLIAM ALPHONSO MURRILL, A.M., Ph.D. ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN, ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF NORTH AMERICAN FLORA, EDITOR OF MYCOLOGIA NEW YORK PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR 1916 V Copyright, 1916 By William Alphonso Murrill PRESS OF THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY LANCASTER, PA. CONTENTS Introduction i Edible Mushrooms i Poisonous Mushrooms 6 Preparing and Cooking Mushrooms 9 Descriptions of Edible and Poisonous Mushrooms. ... 11 Glossary 66 Species Figured on the Chart 68 Pecks List of Edible Mushrooms 69 Index to Genera with Species 72 Index to Species 75 in ^\-, EDIBLE AND POISONOUS MUSHROOMS INTRODUCTION Edible Mushrooms* The popular and widespread interest in mushrooms of all kinds is almost ...
Our Organic 10-Mushroom Formula is a blend of ten potent medicinal mushrooms, grown on a substrate of organic brown rice. This particular blend promotes long-term immune support, and promotes the activation of Natural Killer cells. - Supports healthy immune function - Activates Natural Killer cells - Suitable for extended use Supplement Facts: Serving Size 4 capsules Servings Per Container 30 Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Organic 10 Mushroom Formula Proprietary Blend 2400mg *** Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), poria (Poria cocos), cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis), tremella (Tremella fuciformis), umbellatus (Polyporus umbellatus), turkey tails (Coriolus versicolor), maitake (Grifola frondosa), shiitake (Lentinus edodes), wood ear fungus (Auricularia auricula), hericium (Hericium erinaceus) Beta-1, 3-glucan (from purified yeast) 30mg *** ** Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. *** Daily Value not established. Suggested Use: Take 1 to 4 capsules, three times daily,
Medicinal mushrooms have been essential components of traditional Chinese herbal medicines for thousands of years, and they protect against diverse health-related conditions. The components responsible for their anti-inflammatory activity have yet to be fully studied. This study investigates the anti-inflammatory activity of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of mycelia in submerged culture from 5 commercially available medicinal mushrooms, namely Cephalosporium sinensis, Cordyceps mortierella, Hericium erinaceus, Ganoderma lucidum, and Armillaria mellea. MTT colorimetric assay was applied to measure the cytotoxic effects of different extracts. Their anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated via inhibition against production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) in murine macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7 cells. Of the 20 extracts, n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts from C. sinensis, C. mortierella, and G. lucidum; chloroform ...
Medicinal mushrooms and mushroom extracts are used worldwide to fight cancer and enhance and modulate immune response. Lentinula edodes (shiitake), Grifola frondosa (maitake), Ganoderma lucidum (mannentake), and Cordyceps have a history of medicinal use for millennia in parts of Asia. Research has indicated mushrooms have possible anti-cancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and liver protective activities. Here are six of the most well-researched anti-cancer mushrooms rich in polysaccharides and beta glucans, the primary active immune-enhancing constituents.. Ganoderma Reishi Mushroom Ling Zhi, Mannentake, "The Mushroom of Immortality". This is one of the great longevity tonics of Chinese Medicine used in cancer treatment in Traditional and Modern Chinese Medicine to improve vitality, strength and stamina and to prolong life. Reishi enhances immune response, alleviates chemotherapy side effects such as nausea and kidney damage and protects cellular DNA by raising antioxidant capacity.. Shitake ...
As mentioned before, there is vast variety in mushroom species. Ive highlighted a few varieties that you may come across in the everyday medicinal mushroom world. I didnt individually note their antioxidant, anti-cancer, or adaptogenic properties, as most all mushrooms have these benefits. Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi): Sometimes called the "Mushroom of Immortality", Reishi can improve sleep and decrease the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Lentinula Edodes (Shitake): This mushroom has anti-viral capabilities and is also touted as an aphrodisiac. Inonotus obliquus: This polypore mushroom grows on birch trees. One of the lifecycles of this fungus produces a black crusty fungal body called Chaga. The Chaga precedes the actual spore-forming reproductive cycle. Chaga is taken both in supplement and tea form, and can be found in coffee blends. Trametes Versicolor (Turkey Tail): This little guy grows all around the world and comes in a variety of earth tone colors. Its used to reduce the negative ...
Seventeen powerful MycoMedicinal mushroom species for immune system health, Host Defense MyCommunity is identical to the old formula sold as Paul Stamets Host Defense, except for the addition of Agaricus blazei. It is the most comprehensive immune supporting formula created by Paul Stamets and his company Fungi Perfecti. *. Ingredients: Royal Sun Blazei (Agaricus blazei), Cordyceps (C. sinensis), Enokitake (Flammulina velutipes), Tinder Fungus, a.k.a. Amadou (Fomes fomentarius), Agarikon, (Fomitopsis officinalis, a.k.a. Fomes officinalis), Artist Conk (Ganoderma applanatum), Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), Oregon Polypore (Ganoderma oregonense), Maitake (Grifola frondosa), Lion s Mane (Hericium erinaceum), Chaga (Inonotus obliquus), Shiitake (Lentinula edodes), Mesima (Phellinus linteus), Birch Polypore (Piptoporus betulinus), Zhu Ling (Polyporus umbellatus), Split Gill Polypore (Schizophyllum commune), Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor, a.k.a. Coriolus versicolor), water, alcohol ...
dwheeler at ipns.com (Daniel B. Wheeler) wrote in message news:,6dafee1b.0210051944.51ec52bb at posting.google.com,... , Fungi fd. 5 Oct. 2002 at Little Crater Lake Area and Pacific Crest , Trail, Clackamas County, Oregon , , Cortinarius abruptibulbous , Bondarzewia montana , Neolentinus lepidius , Cantharellus formosus , Russula nigricans , Tricholoma pessundatum , Russula cascadensis , Radiigeria atrogleba (?) , Gomphidius glutinosus , Sparassis radicata , Russula alutacea , Phaeolus swinitzii (sp) , Gyromitra esculenta , Cortinarius multiformis , Ganoderma applanatum , Gomphidius subroseus , Suillus luteus , Clavaria sps. (bright yellow) , Clavaria botrytis , Agaricus subrutilescens , Hypholoma fasiculare , Gomphus floccosus , Albatrellus flettii , Russula brevipes , Lacterius deceptivus , Amanita muscaria var. muscarina , Amanita muscaria var. formosa? (yellow variety) , Russula aeruginea , Lacterius deliciosus , Fuscoboletus ochraceoroseus , Martellia sps., possible M. brunnescens , Unknown ...
Medicinal mushrooms Trametes versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum, Phellinus linteus reduce cancer growth and invasiveness.• Extracts from the botanicals Scutellaria barbata, Astragalus membranaceus and Curcuma longa induce programmed cell death (apoptosis) and reduce cancer metastasis.•The flavonoid, quercetin, reduces cancer cell proliferation and helps suppress tumor growth.• DIM (3, 3-Diindolylmethane), an active component of cruciferous vegetables, reduces cancer growth, migration and invasiveness. ...

The Genus Agaricus (MushroomExpert.Com)The Genus Agaricus (MushroomExpert.Com)

Kerrigan, R. W. (1986). The Agaricales of California 6: Agaricaceae. California: Mad River Press. 62 pp. ...
more infohttp://mushroomexpert.com/agaricus.html

AgaricalesAgaricales

... of the Hawaiian Islands. Treats diversity of Agaricales in Hawaii.. *Agaricales of Java and Bali. Treats diversity ... Fossil Genera and Age of the Agaricales. The phylogeny and age of the Agaricales, and other fungi, is difficult to reconstruct ... Agaricales Brandon Matheny, Jean-Marc Moncalvo, and Scott A. Redhead Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new ... The Agaricales is one of three clades, together with the Atheliales and Boletales, that appear to form one of the more derived ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/Agaricales/20551

AgaricalesAgaricales

... of the Hawaiian Islands. Treats diversity of Agaricales in Hawaii.. *Agaricales of Java and Bali. Treats diversity ... Fossil Genera and Age of the Agaricales. The phylogeny and age of the Agaricales, and other fungi, is difficult to reconstruct ... Agaricales Brandon Matheny, Jean-Marc Moncalvo, and Scott A. Redhead Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new ... The Agaricales is one of three clades, together with the Atheliales and Boletales, that appear to form one of the more derived ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/Lyophyllaceae

Category:Agaricales - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Agaricales - Wikimedia Commons

Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Agaricales linked to current category] [edit wikidata Agaricales main topic of ... Note: Plus Genera Acinophora, Amogaster, Aureofungus, Brunneocorticium, Cheilophlebium, Collyria (Agaricales), Cribrospora, ... Cycloderma (Agaricales), Disporotrichum, Eriosperma, Gramincola, Hypomnema, Laterradea, Mesophelliopsis, Mycospongia, ... Panaeolina, Panaeolus, Phlebophyllum, Pilosace, Plicatura, Plicaturopsis, Polygaster, Rotula (Agaricales), Sedecula, Stemastrum ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Agaricales?amp

Download Agaricomycetidae Daytime Fungus Mushrooms Shot, agaricales...Download Agaricomycetidae Daytime Fungus Mushrooms Shot, agaricales...

Similar tags: agaric • agaricales • agaricomycetidae • basidiomycetes • daylight • daytime • euagaric • exteriors • fungi • ...
more infohttps://www.tradebit.com/tagworld.php/agaricomycetidae+daytime+fungus+mushrooms+shot

Download Agaricales Daytime Euagaric Federal, federal, fungus, repu...Download Agaricales Daytime Euagaric Federal, federal, fungus, repu...

Agaricales Daytime Euagaric Federal: 20 assigned downloads, like Parasol Mushroom Macrolepiota procera, Pinnow, Mecklenburg- ... Similar tags: agaric • agaricales • basidiomycota • bavarian • day • daytime • dieter hopf • euagaric • euagarics • federal • ...
more infohttps://www.tradebit.com/tagworld.php/agaricales+daytime+euagaric+federal

Diversity and evolution of Cortinariaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) | KewDiversity and evolution of Cortinariaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) | Kew

Cortinariaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) is one of the most diverse families of ectomycorrhizal fungi, containing several ... kew.org , Kew Science , Projects , Diversity and evolution of Cortinariaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) ... The largest type study of Agaricales species to date: bringing identification and nomenclature of Phlegmacium (Cortinarius) ...
more infohttps://www.kew.org/science/projects/diversity-and-evolution-of-cortinariaceae-agaricales-basidiomycota

27 September Agaricales Fungi27 September Agaricales Fungi

Some Late September Agaricales Fungi (Earliest Dates) [21.9-22.9], [23.9-24.9], [25.9-26.9], 27.9, [28.9], [29.9-30.9] ...
more infohttp://www.commanster.eu/commanster/Mushrooms/Agaric/aagaricd.html

Agaricales - WikipediaAgaricales - Wikipedia

Singer treated three major groups within the Agaricales sensu lato: the Agaricales sensu stricto, Boletineae, and Russulales. ... ISBN 0-471-52229-5. Mushroom Expert The Gilled Mushrooms ("Agaricales") Tree of Life: Agaricales. ... The fungal order Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills) or euagarics, contains some of the ... There are several genera classified in the Agaricales that are i) poorly known, ii) have not been subjected to DNA analysis, or ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agaricales

Mushroom Observer: Observation 203046: Agaricales sensu latoMushroom Observer: Observation 203046: Agaricales sensu lato

About Agaricales sensu lato. Agaricales sensu lato on MyCoPortal. Agaricales on MycoBank ...
more infohttp://mushroomobserver.org/observer/show_observation/203046

Mushroom Observer: Observation 209701: Agaricales sensu latoMushroom Observer: Observation 209701: Agaricales sensu lato

About Agaricales sensu lato. Agaricales sensu lato on MyCoPortal. Agaricales on MycoBank ...
more infohttp://mushroomobserver.org/observer/show_observation/209701

Koeltz Botanical Books. Fungi:Basiomycetes:Hymenomycetes (excl.Agaricales)Koeltz Botanical Books. Fungi:Basiomycetes:Hymenomycetes (excl.Agaricales)

Do you have question about your order or a product? You dont find the right subject? Were here to help. Please use our contact form. Contact us ...
more infohttps://koeltz.com/en/fungibasiomyceteshymenomycetes-exclagaricales

Lignocellulose-degrading Agaricales fungi - DOE Joint Genome InstituteLignocellulose-degrading Agaricales fungi - DOE Joint Genome Institute

Lignocellulose-degrading Agaricales fungi. Representative lifestyles in Agaricales. Images A and B depict leaf litter degrading ... This project focuses on the genomes of thirty-two representative saprobic Agaricales (thirteen wood decomposers, thirteen leaf ... However, comparatively few genomic studies have focused on lignocellulose-degrading Agaricales. ...
more infohttps://jgi.doe.gov/lignocellulose-degrading-agaricales-fungi/

Origins of ectomycorrhizal Agaricales | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological SciencesOrigins of ectomycorrhizal Agaricales | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences

ECM lineages of Agaricales differ not only in age, but also in rates of diversification and rate of substitution at nuclear ... 2006 Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview. Mycologia 98, 982-995. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982 (doi ... The Agaricales is the largest order of Agaricomycetes, with some 13 200 described species [9], and includes at least 10 ECM ... ECM lineages of Agaricales differ significantly in evolutionary rates and have crown group origins in at least two different ...
more infohttp://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2011/12/08/rspb.2011.2428

The genus Coprinellus (Basidiomycota; Agaricales) in Pakistan with the description of four new speciesThe genus Coprinellus (Basidiomycota; Agaricales) in Pakistan with the description of four new species

Mushrooms with a thin-fleshed pileus that becomes plicate on opening, deliquescent lamellae and dark brown to blackish basidiospores are commonly called coprinoid mushrooms. The genus Coprinellus is one of the important lineages of coprinoid mushroom in the family Psathyrellaceae. Species-level taxonomy in Coprinellus is based mainly on the presence or absence and the structure of veil and cystidia on the pileus, of cystidia on the lamellae and on basidiospore morphology. In this study, four new species of Coprinellus (Co. campanulatus, Co. disseminatus-similis, Co. pakistanicus and Co. tenuis) are described from Pakistan. Species descriptions are based on morphological and molecular data. Phylogenetic analyses based on nuc rDNA ITS region show that the new species Co. campanulatus and Co. disseminatus-similis are clustered in a clade including members of section Micacei; Co. tenuis falls in a clade with members of section Domestici; and Co. pakistanicus recovered in a separate clade adjacent to other
more infohttps://mycokeys.pensoft.net/article/26743

Unexpected high species diversity among European stalked puffballs - a contribution to the phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus...Unexpected high species diversity among European stalked puffballs - a contribution to the phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus...

Agaricales) in Europe. Data on species from other parts of the world were included for comparison of species concepts and ... Agaricales). MycoKeys 21: 33-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.21.12176 ...
more infohttps://mycokeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=12176&display_type=list&element_type=9

中国科学院昆明植物研究所机构知识库(KIB OpenIR): Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus中国科学院昆明植物研究所机构知识库(KIB OpenIR): Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus

Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview. 作者: Matheny, P. Brandon; Curtis, Judd M.; Hofstetter, Valerie; ... An overview of the phylogeny of the Agaricales is presented based on a multilocus analysis of a six-gene region supermatrix. ... At least 11 origins of the ectomycorrhizal habit appear to have evolved in the Agaricales, with possibly as many as nine ... A family based phylogenetic classification is sketched for the Agaricales, in which 30 families, four unplaced tribes and two ...
more infohttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/15534

Euagaric - definition of Euagaric by The Free DictionaryEuagaric - definition of Euagaric by The Free Dictionary

... typical gilled mushrooms belonging to the subdivision Basidiomycota order Agaricales fungus order - the order of fungi ... Agaricales - typical gilled mushrooms belonging to the subdivision Basidiomycota. order Agaricales. fungus order - the order of ... Agaricales. (redirected from Euagaric). Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: ... family Hygrophoraceae, Hygrophoraceae - a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales; the gills of these fungi have a ...
more infohttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/Euagaric

Honey mushroom | fungus | Britannica.comHoney mushroom | fungus | Britannica.com

Agaricales. Armillaria. *. In Armillaria. …but a few, including the honey mushroom (A. mellea), will grow directly on wood. ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/honey-mushroom
  • While many Agaricales acquire sustenance by decomposing dead organic matter (as saprotrophs), others parasitize plants or other fungi, and a few capture or parasitize vertebrates or invertebrates. (tolweb.org)
  • 1997). Likewise, multiple lineages of "gasteromycetes" (puffballs, bird's nest fungi, false truffles), species that produce spores in an enclosed fruiting structure, have evolved independently among the Agaricales (Peintner et al. (tolweb.org)
  • 2005) have shown that some non-gilled fungi, including reduced or cup-like (cyphelloid) forms and crustose or resupinate forms, share their evolutionary histories with numerous lineages of Agaricales, including some lineages that evolved in aquatic or marine environments (Binder et al. (tolweb.org)
  • Some notable fungi with gill-like structures, such as chanterelles, have long been recognized as being substantially different from usual Agaricales. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term agaric had traditionally referred to Agaricales, which were defined as exactly those fungi with gills. (wikipedia.org)
  • ECM fungi include, though are not limited to, about 5000 described species of Agaricales from numerous, independently evolved lineages. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • An overview of the phylogeny of the Agaricales is presented based on a multilocus analysis of a six-gene region supermatrix. (kib.ac.cn)
  • Molecular systematic studies of the Agaricales have radically transformed our interpretations of the evolution and classification of gilled mushrooms and their relatives (Hibbett et al. (tolweb.org)
  • At least 11 origins of the ectomycorrhizal habit appear to have evolved in the Agaricales, with possibly as many as nine origins in the Agaricoid plus Tricholomatoid clade alone. (kib.ac.cn)
  • Typhula, and the Beefsteak fungus have been recently been shown to lie within the Agaricales. (wikipedia.org)
  • These and other studies demonstrated that a broad concept of Agaricales (Singer 1986), including boletes, some polypores, and the genera Russula , Lactarius and their allies, does not form a monophyletic group. (tolweb.org)
  • While we demonstrate support for asynchronous origins of ECM Agaricales, the timing of such events appears to have occurred more recently than suggested by the first hypothesis, first during the Cretaceous and later during the Palaeogene. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • We are also unable to reject models of rate constancy, which suggests that the diversity of ECM Agaricales is not a consequence of convergent rapid radiations following evolutionary transitions from saprotrophic to ECM habits. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Many groups of Agaricales engage in mutualistic symbioses with the roots of vascular plants where they form ectomycorrhizas (EM), or more rarely associate with unicellular green algae or cyanobacteria as lichens. (tolweb.org)