The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.
A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.
An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.
A family of double-stranded DNA viruses containing one genus Asfivirus. It is the source of AFRICAN SWINE FEVER.
A genus of softbacked TICKS, in the family ARGASIDAE, serving as the vector of BORRELIA, causing RELAPSING FEVER, and of the AFRICAN SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
A phenomenon manifested by an agent or substance adhering to or being adsorbed on the surface of a red blood cell, as tuberculin can be adsorbed on red blood cells under certain conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Proteins which are synthesized as a single polymer and then cleaved into several distinct proteins.
Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Garbage, refuse, or sludge, or other discarded materials from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, and air pollution control facility that include solid, semi-solid, or contained material. It does not include materials dissolved in domestic sewage, irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges.
A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.
Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.
The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Genetically developed small pigs for use in biomedical research. There are several strains - Yucatan miniature, Sinclair miniature, and Minnesota miniature.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)

Modulation of monocytic cell activity and virus susceptibility during differentiation into macrophages. (1/107)

A major component of innate immune responses relies on monocytes and macrophages, virus infection of which will pose a particular problem for immunological defense. Consequently, the monocytic cell differentiation pathway was analyzed in terms of cellular modulations therein and their relation to monocytotropic virus infection. Differentiation was characterized by down-regulation of CD14, MHC Ags, the monocytic SWC1 marker, and p53; concomitant up-regulation of the SWC9 macrophage marker, a putative porcine CD80 (detected with anti-human CD80 Ab), and acid phosphatase secretion were also characteristic. Elevated phagocytic and endocytic activities as well as endosomal/lysosomal acidification were identified as being important to the macrophage. In contrast, monocytes possessed high accessory activity. This was multifactorial, concomitantly requiring 1) high MHC Ag expression; 2) enzyme activity of esterase, peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, and 5' nucleotidase in preference to glucosidase, galactosidase, and glucuronidase; and 3) elevated capacity for spontaneous IL-1 production. Only with all parameters was efficient stimulation of Ag-specific lymphocytes possible. These results point to a continuous process during differentiation, involving inter-related characteristics linking the more accessory monocyte to the scavenger macrophage, both in vitro and in vivo. Of particular interest was how these characteristics related to monocytotropic virus infection, and how a particular virus could show a clear preference for the differentiating macrophages. Such results not only further our understanding of porcine immunology, but also provide evidence and a potential model for the determination and characterization of monocytotropic virus-host cell interactions.  (+info)

African swine fever virus: a B cell-mitogenic virus in vivo and in vitro. (2/107)

The two major characteristics of pathogenesis in African swine fever virus (ASFV) infections of domestic pigs are massive B-cell apoptosis and haemorrhage. The effects of ASFV on porcine B cells have therefore been systematically examined in vivo, by using virus-infected pigs and SCID-Beige mice reconstituted with porcine bone marrow, and in vitro, by using porcine B-cell lines and B cells from normal and ASFV-infected pigs. Secretion of porcine Ig was stimulated by ASFV both in vivo and in bone marrow cultures in vitro, with the virulent Malawi isolate of ASFV being the most effective. Stimulation of Ig secretion in vitro depended on the presence of ASFV-infected macrophages and did not occur with supernatants from ASFV-infected macrophages. Although the virus alone did not stimulate proliferation of purified B cells in vitro, it was co-stimulatory with CD154 (CD40 ligand). The B cells recovered from ASFV-infected porcine lymphoid tissue were of activated surface marker phenotypes and, interestingly, expressed diminished levels of the B-cell co-stimulatory surface molecule CD21. In addition, they were highly sensitive to IL-4 and CD154. These results may be integrated into a model of pathogenesis in which those B cells activated indirectly as a result of virulent ASFV infection of macrophages are not rescued from apoptosis through interaction with CD154, due to the drastic depletion of T cells that occurs early in infection. The consequently diminished specific anti-ASFV antibody response would favour survival of the virus, with the non-specific hypergammaglobulinaemia being perhaps another example of pathogen-mediated immune deviation.  (+info)

African swine fever virus replication in the midgut epithelium is required for infection of Ornithodoros ticks. (3/107)

Although the Malawi Lil20/1 (MAL) strain of African swine fever virus (ASFV) was isolated from Ornithodoros sp. ticks, our attempts to experimentally infect ticks by feeding them this strain failed. Ten different collections of Ornithodorus porcinus porcinus ticks and one collection of O. porcinus domesticus ticks were orally exposed to a high titer of MAL. At 3 weeks postinoculation (p.i.), <25% of the ticks contained detectable virus, with viral titers of <4 log(10) 50% hemadsorbing doses/ml. Viral titers declined to undetectability in >90% of the ticks by 5 weeks p.i. To further study the growth defect, O. porcinus porcinus ticks were orally exposed to MAL and assayed at regular intervals p.i. Whole-tick viral titers dramatically declined (>1,000-fold) between 2 and 6 days p.i., and by 18 days p.i., viral titers were below the detection limit. In contrast, viral titers of ticks orally exposed to a tick-competent ASFV isolate, Pretoriuskop/96/4/1 (Pr4), increased 10-fold by 10 days p.i. and 50-fold by 14 days p.i. Early viral gene expression, but not extensive late gene expression or viral DNA synthesis, was detected in the midguts of ticks orally exposed to MAL. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrated that progeny virus was rarely present in ticks orally exposed to MAL and, when present, was associated with extensive cytopathology of phagocytic midgut epithelial cells. To determine if viral replication was restricted only in the midgut epithelium, parenteral inoculations into the hemocoel were performed. With inoculation by this route, a persistent infection was established although a delay in generalization of MAL was detected and viral titers in most tissues were typically 10- to 1,000-fold lower than those of ticks injected with Pr4. MAL was detected in both the salivary secretion and coxal fluid following feeding but less frequently and at a lower titer compared to Pr4. Transovarial transmission of MAL was not detected after two gonotrophic cycles. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrated that, when injected, MAL replicated in a number of cell types but failed to replicate in midgut epithelial cells. In contrast, ticks injected with Pr4 had replicating virus in midgut epithelial cells. Together, these results indicate that MAL replication is restricted in midgut epithelial cells. This finding demonstrates the importance of viral replication in the midgut for successful ASFV infection of the arthropod host.  (+info)

African swine fever virus dUTPase is a highly specific enzyme required for efficient replication in swine macrophages. (4/107)

The African swine fever virus (ASFV) gene E165R, which is homologous to dUTPases, has been characterized. A multiple alignment of dUTPases showed the conservation in ASFV dUTPase of the motifs that define this protein family. A biochemical analysis of the purified recombinant enzyme showed that the virus dUTPase is a trimeric, highly specific enzyme that requires a divalent cation for activity. The enzyme is most probably complexed with Mg(2+), the preferred cation, and has an apparent K(m) for dUTP of 1 microM. Northern and Western blotting, as well as immunofluorescence analyses, indicated that the enzyme is expressed at early and late times of infection and is localized in the cytoplasm of the infected cells. On the other hand, an ASFV dUTPase-deletion mutant (vDeltaE165R) has been obtained. Growth kinetics showed that vDeltaE165R replicates as efficiently as parental virus in Vero cells but only to 10% or less of parental virus in swine macrophages. Our results suggest that the dUTPase activity is dispensable for virus replication in dividing cells but is required for productive infection in nondividing swine macrophages, the natural host cell for the virus. The viral dUTPase may play a role in lowering the dUTP concentration in natural infections to minimize misincorporation of deoxyuridine into the viral DNA and ensure the fidelity of genome replication.  (+info)

Intermediate stages in monocyte-macrophage differentiation modulate phenotype and susceptibility to virus infection. (5/107)

The kinetics of monocyte-macrophage differentiation was analysed using two Swine Workshop Cluster (SWC) CD molecules: SWC1 and SWC9. Myeloid cells were selected by labelling for the common myeloid antigen, SWC3. Confirmation of macrophage identification used acid phosphatase and phagocytosis activities. During differentiation, SWC1 was gradually lost. SWC9 was absent on monocytes but up-regulated early. Consequently, monocytes were SWC1+ SWC9- and macrophages were SWC1- SWC9+. An additional, intermediate, cell population was identified as SWC1+ SWC9+. Size and granularity characteristics mirrored the monocyte, macrophage and intermediate-cell phenotypes. Overall, SWC9 up-regulation was central in macrophage differentiation and dependent on plasma factors. The concomitant loss of SWC1 was independent of these factors, but always associated with mature macrophages. Upon up-regulation of SWC9, the SWC1+ SWC9+ intermediate monocytic cells became susceptible to African swine fever virus infection. These results demonstrate the heterogeneity of monocytic cell differentiation and the importance of these characteristics for interaction with monocytotropic viruses.  (+info)

An African swine fever virus ORF with similarity to C-type lectins is non-essential for growth in swine macrophages in vitro and for virus virulence in domestic swine. (6/107)

An African swine fever virus (ASFV) ORF, 8CR, with similarity to the C-type lectin family of adhesion proteins has been described in the pathogenic isolate Malawi Lil-20/1. The similarity of 8CR to cellular and poxvirus genes associated with cell adhesion, cell recognition and virus infectivity suggested that 8CR may be of significance to ASFV-host cell interactions. Sequence analysis of the 8CR ORF from additional pathogenic ASFV isolates demonstrated conservation among isolates from both pig and tick sources. Northern blot analysis demonstrated 8CR mRNA transcription late in the virus replication cycle. A Malawi Lil-20/1 8CR deletion mutant (delta8CR) was constructed to analyse 8CR function further. The growth characteristics in vitro of delta8CR in porcine macrophage cell cultures were identical to those observed for parental virus. In domestic swine, delta8CR exhibited an unaltered parental Malawi Lil-20/1 disease and virulence phenotype. Thus, although well conserved among pathogenic ASFV field isolates, 8CR is non-essential for growth in porcine macrophages in vitro and for virus virulence in domestic swine.  (+info)

An African swine fever virus ERV1-ALR homologue, 9GL, affects virion maturation and viral growth in macrophages and viral virulence in swine. (7/107)

The African swine fever virus (ASFV) genome contains a gene, 9GL, with similarity to yeast ERV1 and ALR genes. ERV1 has been shown to function in oxidative phosphorylation and in cell growth, while ALR has hepatotrophic activity. 9GL encodes a protein of 119 amino acids and was highly conserved at both nucleotide and amino acid levels among all ASFV field isolates examined. Monospecific rabbit polyclonal antibody produced to a glutathione S-transferase-9GL fusion protein specifically immunoprecipitated a 14-kDa protein from macrophage cell cultures infected with the ASFV isolate Malawi Lil-20/1 (MAL). Time course analysis and viral DNA synthesis inhibitor experiments indicated that p14 was a late viral protein. A 9GL gene deletion mutant of MAL (Delta9GL), exhibited a growth defect in macrophages of approximately 2 log(10) units and had a small-plaque phenotype compared to either a revertant (9GL-R) or the parental virus. 9GL affected normal virion maturation; virions containing acentric nucleoid structures comprised 90 to 99% of all virions observed in Delta9GL-infected macrophages. The Delta9GL virus was markedly attenuated in swine. In contrast to 9GL-R infection, where mortality was 100%, all Delta9GL-infected animals survived infection. With the exception of a transient fever response in some animals, Delta9GL-infected animals remained clinically normal and exhibited significant 100- to 10,000-fold reductions in viremia titers. All pigs previously infected with Delta9GL survived infection when subsequently challenged with a lethal dose of virulent parental MAL. Thus, ASFV 9GL gene deletion mutants may prove useful as live-attenuated ASF vaccines.  (+info)

Effects of chlorine, iodine, and quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants on several exotic disease viruses. (8/107)

The effects of three representative disinfectants, chlorine (sodium hypochlorite), iodine (potassium tetraglicine triiodide), and quaternary ammonium compound (didecyldimethylammonium chloride), on several exotic disease viruses were examined. The viruses used were four enveloped viruses (vesicular stomatitis virus, African swine fever virus, equine viral arteritis virus, and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus) and two non-enveloped viruses (swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV)). Chlorine was effective against all viruses except SVDV at concentrations of 0.03% to 0.0075%, and a dose response was observed. Iodine was very effective against all viruses at concentrations of 0.015% to 0.0075%, but a dose response was not observed. Quaternary ammonium compound was very effective in low concentration of 0.003% against four enveloped viruses and AHSV, but it was only effective against SVDV with 0.05% NaOH. Electron microscopic observation revealed the probable mechanism of each disinfectant. Chlorine caused complete degeneration of the viral particles and also destroyed the nucleic acid of the viruses. Iodine destroyed mainly the inner components including nucleic acid of the viruses. Quaternary ammonium compound induced detachment of the envelope of the enveloped viruses and formation of micelle in non-enveloped viruses. According to these results, chlorine and iodine disinfectants were quite effective against most of the viruses used at adequately high concentration. The effective concentration of quaternary ammonium compound was the lowest among the disinfectants examined.  (+info)

African swine fever is a devastating hemorrhagic fever of pigs, caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). In Africa, the presence of a sylvatic cycle involving warthogs and soft ticks means that the risk of introduction of ASFV into domestic swine is always present. Bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus) are nocturnal, susceptible to ASFV and share a natural interface with both warthogs and domestic pigs. The role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of ASFV if any is not understood, yet control strategies of the disease in areas with probable contact between bushpigs and domestic pigs would depend on such information. This study used a molecular and ecological approach to investigate the role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interface in Uganda. The GPS/GSM tracking collars were used to monitor the movement patterns of free-ranging domestic pigs and bushpigs. Four free-ranging domestic pigs and five bushpigs were collared and their movements ...
African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that produces a wide range of clinical signs and lesions that closely resemble those of classical swine fever. Infection, with a highly variable virulence, causes, typically 3-15 days later, high fever, reddening of the skin (visible only in pale-skinned pigs), decreased appetite, listlessness, loss of coordination, vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody) and eye discharges. Mortality rates can be as high as 100% in domestic pigs and wild boar, with death occurring in less than a week. In some cases, sudden death may be the only clinical sign.. The disease was first described after European settlers brought pigs into areas endemic with ASFV and, as such, is an example of an emerging infection. Although ASFV can be adapted to grow in cells from different species, it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat.. The virus : ...
African swine fever is highly contagious and nearly 100% fatal to swine herds. It occurs among pigs and wild boars, transmitted by ticks and direct contact between animals. There is no vaccine for the disease, but it does not affect humans.. The first outbreak of African swine fever in East Asia was reported in China in early August 2018. Since then, the deadly virus has spread to all Chinese provinces and regions, as well as to other Asian nations, including Vietnam and the Philippines.. South Korea, Asias fourth-largest economy, does not import any pork products or live pigs from China due to Chinas history of foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks. It mainly imports from the United States and Germany, and pork imports account for about a third of the countrys total pork supplies.. Although this is the first time African swine fever has hit South Korea, an incidence of foot-and-mouth disease was confirmed in March 2018 at a hog farm, the countrys first discovery since February 2017.. South Korea ...
African swine fever virus, illustration. This virus is a member of the iridovirus group that causes African swine fever. Unlike other DNA- containing vertebrate viruses (except the poxviruses), the iridovirus replicates in the host cells cytoplasm (most others replicate in the nucleus). - Stock Image F016/8841
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The role of the ancestral sylvatic cycle of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is not well understood in the endemic areas of eastern Africa. We therefore analysed the ASF infection status on samples collected from 51 free-ranging warthogs (Phacocherus africanus) and 1576 Ornithodorus porcinus ticks from 26 independent warthog burrows at a single ranch in Kenya. Abattoir samples from 83 domestic pigs without clinical symptoms, originating from specific locations with no recent reported ASF outbreaks were included in this study. All samples were derived from areas of central Kenya, where ASF outbreaks have been reported in the past. Infection with ASFV was confirmed in 22% of O. porcinus pools, 3.22% of adult warthog serum samples and 49% of domestic pig serum samples by using p72-based PCR. All of the warthog sera were positive for anti-ASFV antibodies, investigated by using ELISA, but none of the domestic pig sera were positive. Twenty O. porcinus-, 12 domestic pig- and three warthogderived ...
BEIJING, Oct. 18 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have unraveled the three-dimensional structure of the African swine fever virus, laying a solid foundation for developing effective and safe vaccines against the disease.. The research, jointly conducted by scientists at the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), ShanghaiTech University and other institutes, was published in the latest issue of the academic journal Science.. Bu Zhigao, director of the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute of CAAS, said China is facing a great challenge in controlling the spread of African swine fever. It is urgent to develop more powerful tools such as a vaccine to prevent the disease.. The breakthrough in unveiling the fine structure of the virus is important and fundamental research, which will provide clues to explore fundamental mechanisms for the infection, pathogenicity and immunology ...
Rigid amphipathic fusion inhibitors (RAFIs) are a family of nucleoside derivatives that inhibit the infectivity of several enveloped viruses by interacting with virion envelope lipids and inhibiting fusion between viral and cellular membranes. Here we tested the antiviral activity of two RAFIs, 5-(Perylen-3-ylethynyl)-arabino-uridine (aUY11) and 5-(Perylen-3-ylethynyl)uracil-1-acetic acid (cm1UY11) against African swine fever virus (ASFV), for which no effective vaccine is available. Both compounds displayed a potent, dose-dependent inhibitory effect on ASFV infection in Vero cells. The major antiviral effect was observed when aUY11 and cm1UY11 were added at early stages of infection and maintained during the complete viral cycle. Furthermore, virucidal assay revealed a significant extracellular anti-ASFV activity for both compounds. We also found decrease in the synthesis of early and late viral proteins in Vero cells treated with cm1UY11. Finally, the inhibitory effect of aUY11 and cm1UY11 on ASFV
The World Organization for Animal Health, or OIE, and the Food and Agriculture Organization, or FAO, have called on countries and partners to join forces against African swine fever, which has become a major crisis for the pork industry.. The organizations said the fever is causing massive losses in pig populations and generating drastic economic consequences. Pork is the most consumed meat in the world, representing 36 percent of global meat consumption.. On a global scale, they said the sustained spread of the fever poses a threat to food security, economic and rural development.. The organizations said the disease represents a barrier to the agricultural sector to reach its full potential, generate employment and alleviate poverty, and acts as a disincentive to investment in the sector.. Global control of African swine fever will thus contribute to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, notably goal one which seeks to alleviate poverty and goal two that seeks achievement ...
African swine fever does not affect humans and is not a public health threat. Pork products from animals with African swine fever are safe to eat.
We describe a horizontal survey of African swine fever virus (ASFV) prevalence and risk factors associated with virus infection in domestic pigs in two contrasting production systems in Kenya. A free range/tethering, low input production system in Ndhiwa District of South-western Kenya is compared with a medium input stall fed production system in Kiambu District of Central Kenya. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of data derived from cluster analysis showed that number of animals, number of breeding sows and number of weaner pigs were a significant factor in classifying farms in Nhiwa and Kiambu. Analysis of blood and serum samples using a PCR assay demonstrated an average animal level positivity to ASFV of 28% in two independent samplings in South-western Kenya and 0% PCR positivity in Central Kenya. No animals were sero-positive in either study site using the OIE indirect-ELISA and none of the animals sampled exhibited clinical symptoms of ASF. The farms that contained ASFV positive pigs in Ndhiwa ...
The African swine fever virus (ASFV) DP71L protein is present in all isolates as either a short form of 70 to 72 amino acids or a long form of about 184 amino acids, and both of these share sequence similarity to the C-terminal domain of the herpes simplex virus ICP34.5 protein and cellular protein GADD34.
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Jouvenet, Nolween, Windsor, Miriam, Rietdorf, Jens, Hawes, Pippa, Monaghan, Paul, Way, Michael and Wileman, Thomas (2006) Induction of filopodia at the plasma membrane by African Swine Fever virus. Cellular Microbiology, 8 (11). pp. 1803-1811. ISSN 1462-5822 Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
The Mkuze Game Reserve (MGR), in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa is an African swine fever virus (ASF) controlled area. In a survey conducted in 1978, ASF prevalence in warthogs and Ornithodoros ticks in MGR was determined to be 2% and 0.06%, respectively. These values, acknowledged as being unusually low compared to other East and southern African ASF-positive sylvatic-cycle host populations, have not been assessed since. The availability of a sensitive PCR-based virus detection method, developed specifically for the sylvatic tampan host, prompted a re-evaluation of ASF virus (ASFV) prevalence in MGR ticks. Of the 98 warthog burrows inspected for Ornithodoros presence, 59 (60.2%) were found to contain tampans and tick sampling was significantly male-biased. Whilst gender sampling-bias is not unusual, the 27% increase in infestation rate of warthog burrows since the 1978 survey is noteworthy as it anticipates a concomitant increase in ASFV prevalence, particularly in light of the high
We applied social network analysis to pig trader networks on the Kenya-Uganda border. Social network analysis is a recently developed tool, which is useful for understanding value chains and improving disease control policies. We interviewed a sample of 33 traders about their experiences with trade and African swine fever (ASF), analyzed the networks they generated in purchasing pigs and selling pork and their potential contribution to modulating dissemination of the ASF virus (ASFV). The majority of the traders were aware of clinical signs of ASF and the risk of trade transmitting ASFV. Most said they avoided buying pigs from ASF outbreak villages or sick pigs but their experiences also indicated that inadvertent purchase was relatively common. Traders had early knowledge of outbreaks since they were contacted by farmers who had heard rumours and wanted to sell their pigs to avoid the risk of them dying. Individual traders bought pigs in up to nine villages, and up to six traders operated in a ...
Bushpigs and warthogs are natural reservoir hosts of African swine fever virus (ASFV) in the wild, showing no clinical signs of disease when infected with the same highly virulent isolates of ASFV that induce rapid, haemorrhagic death in domestic pigs. In contrast to domestic pigs, infection of bushpigs with Malawi isolate results in low levels of virus replication and lymphocyte apoptosis within the spleen, and a relatively low spread of virus to other lymphoid tissues. However, at 10 days post-infection, a high degree of apoptosis was seen in B lymphocytes of the B cell follicles in bushpig lymph nodes. Virus infected cells were present amongst the apoptotic B cells of these follicles, suggesting that indirect factors released from ASFV infected macrophages signal surrounding lymphocytes to enter apoptosis. The susceptibility/resistance of domestic pigs/bushpigs to ASFV may serve as a unique veterinary model for the recently emerging haemorrhagic disease of man.
Gene editing of large DNA viruses, such as African swine fever virus (ASFV), has traditionally relied on homologous recombination of a donor plasmid consisting of a reporter cassette with surrounding homologous viral DNA. However, this homologous recombination resulting in the desired modified virus is a rare event. We recently reported the use of CRISPR/Cas9 to edit ASFV. The use of CRISPR/Cas9 to modify the African swine fever virus genome resulted in a fast and relatively easy way to introduce genetic changes. To accomplish this goal we first infect primary swine macrophages with a field isolate, ASFV-G, and transfect with the CRISPR/Cas9 donor plasmid along with a plasmid that will express a specific gRNA that targets our gene to be deleted. By inserting a reporter cassette, we are then able to purify our recombinant virus from the parental by limiting dilution and plaque purification. We previously reported comparing the traditional homologous recombination methodology with CRISPR/Cas9, which
Industry insiders tell Reuters that a new form of African swine fever is popping up on Chinese pig farms. The timing is not good for the worlds biggest pork producer thats still trying to recover from a devastating epidemic.. Two new strains of African Swine Fever have infected over 1,000 sows on several farms owned by Chinas fourth-largest pork producer. Its also showing up in pigs being fattened for the firm by contract farmers.. A company spokesperson says the disease isnt quite the same as the wild African Swine Fever Virus because the new variant doesnt kill the large number of pigs that China lost in 2018 and 2019. The new strain causes a chronic condition that reduces the number of healthy piglets born to sows. But infected pigs are culled from herds to prevent the spread, which makes the disease ultimately fatal.. Many Chinese farmers turned to unapproved products to help protect their animals. Chinese experts fear the illicit vaccines created accidental infections that have begun ...
MatMaCorp announced today the successful evaluation of a genetic test to detect African swine fever virus in uncooked pork products.
African swine fever has ravaged Chinas pig population, and the countrys consumers are feeling the pain. Some are even switching to other meats as the dietary staple becomes unaffordable.
Michael S Denyer and Philip J Wilkinson, Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, UK. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious acute hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs caused by a large icosahedral DNA virus which produces a wide range of clinical signs. Protective immunity can be stimulated in vivo but classical neutralizing antibodies have not been demonstrated. The complete genome has been sequenced and some proteins that could enable the virus to evade the host immune response have been identified. There is no vaccine.. ...
by Stephen Wagner. The National Pork Producers Councils board of directors has announced its decision to cancel the 2019 World Pork Expo in Iowa out of an abundance of caution as African swine fever (ASF) continues to spread in China and other parts of Asia. The World Pork Expo, held each June at the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, hosts approximately 20,000 visitors over three days, including individuals and exhibitors from ASF-positive regions. ASF affects only pigs and presents no human health or food safety risks. There is currently no vaccine to treat the swine disease.. The above paragraph came from a recent press release issued by the NPPC, and was forwarded to me by Penn-Ag Industries Assistant Vice President Jessica Darr. While attending Penn-Ags annual meeting, Darr, and Debbie Reed-Harry, casually mentioned ASF, something I was hearing about for the first time. How serious is this? I asked.. We talk about it every day, Darr said.. When I got home I began a file on it, and ...
May 2, 2019 - Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services Chief Veterinary Officer for the United States, Dr. Jack Shere, accompanied by Dr. Jaspinder Komal, Chief Veterinary Officer for Canada and by Dr. Juan Gay Gutierrez, Chief Veterinary Officer for Mexico issued the following statement about the African swine fever (ASF) forum that took place in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada on April 30 and May 1: Over the course of the last two days, we have worked with colleagues from around the globe at the Forum to address the risk of ASF, a serious animal disease currently impacting swine herds in Europe and Asia.. I would like to thank the over 150 leaders and decision makers from government and industry from 15 countries who shared their expertise, engaged in productive discussions, and contributed to developing strategies to address ASF. Jointly, we have developed a framework that will support ongoing international collaboration and action in the areas of preparedness ...
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease that can impact domestic and wild pigs. It is not a human pathogen, but ASF can be devastating to the health of swine and cause significant economic and production losses to farmers and pork processors.
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease that can impact domestic and wild pigs. It is not a human pathogen, but ASF can be devastating to the health of swine and cause significant economic and production losses to farmers and pork processors.
AFRICA - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has joined with two African organisations to develop a regional strategy for the control of African swine fever (ASF) for the continent.
To assist with the departments response to African swine fever (ASF) the detector dog, Suki, currently deployed on Norfolk Island has been redeployed to Darwin. Australia is facing an increasing threat of ASF, a highly contagious viral disease of pigs with no vaccine currently available. ASF is spreading rapidly overseas with significant pig losses being experienced in infected countries. The department is boosting biosecurity effort at international airports to target flights from countries affected by ASF, with detector dogs playing an important role.
Abstract: A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by DTRA and the Ministries of Agriculture in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. The implementing agency was the company SAFOSO (Switzerland). Integration of this regional effort was administered by subject matter experts for each country. The main teaching effort of this project was to develop a comprehensive regional public outreach campaign through a network of expertise and knowledge for the control and prevention of ASF in four neighboring countries that experience similar issues with this disease. Gaps in disease knowledge, legislation, and outbreak preparedness in each country were all addressed. Because ASF is a pathogen with bioterrorism potential and of great veterinary health importance that is responsible for major economic instability, the project team developed public outreach programs to train veterinarians in the partner countries to accurately and rapidly
Pork is the primary meat in China, which means African swine fever, sometimes dubbed ASF, has the potential to undermine the countrys food industry and affect global food supplies. There is no vaccine. At the beginning of this month, the virus was detected in the village of Guanfang, in the southwestern province of Yunnan, less than 200 km from Myanmar and Laos.. [Just recently], Thailands Department of Livestock Development reported that ASF had been detected in sausages that Chinese tourists had brought with them on a flight from the city of Chengdu to Chiang Rai, according to Thai media reports. Chiang Rai is located in the north of Thailand, near Myanmar and Laos. The department in September banned the import of pigs and pork products, stationing personnel at borders and in airports to enforce a quarantine, according to earlier news reports.. JeerasakPipattanapongsophon, Deputy Director-General of Thailands Department of Livestock Development, last month admitted the situation is grim. ...
The European Commission has adopted a series of measures to prevent the transmission of African Swine Fever (ASF) from Russia into the European Union, early February.
Municipal Mayor Darwin R. Manalansan together with Honorable Vice-Mayor Michael L. Galang, Task Force ASF and different Barangay Captains of this Municipality, currently enjoined meeting to discuss matters to be raised to combat the clamor that may be brought about by the current situation pertaining to the African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Province of Pampanga.. #bwg_container1_0 #bwg_container2_0 .bwg-container-0.bwg-standard-thumbnails { width: 1254px; justify-content: center; margin:0 auto !important; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.00); padding-left: 4px; padding-top: 4px; max-width: 100%; } #bwg_container1_0 #bwg_container2_0 .bwg-container-0.bwg-standard-thumbnails .bwg-item { justify-content: flex-start; max-width: 250px; } #bwg_container1_0 #bwg_container2_0 .bwg-container-0.bwg-standard-thumbnails .bwg-item > a { margin-right: 4px; margin-bottom: 4px; } #bwg_container1_0 #bwg_container2_0 .bwg-container-0.bwg-standard-thumbnails .bwg-item0 { padding: 0px; ...
Davao del Norte: Authorities have put Barangay Cagangohan in Panabo City on lockdown after 12 confirmed cases of the African Swine Fever (ASF) in the area.. Governor Edwin Jubahib said stricter quarantine protocol is necessary to prevent the spread of the killer hog disease to other parts of the province.. We now blocked the entry and exit of live pig and pork products to and from Caganguhan to stop the spread of the disease, the governor explained to the residents during his visit to the area on Wednesday.. The Governor discussed strict quarantine procedures with village officials and residents, together with DA-XI Regional Director Ricardo Onate, Jr., Mayor Jose Relampagos and officials from the police and the military.. Jubahib ordered the immediate culling of all pigs in the area, as he vowed financial assistance to hog raisers.. The DA and provincial and city governments chipped in to raise the indemnification to ₱2,000 per suckling and ₱8,000 per hog. While the virus has no effect on ...
African Swine Fever (ASF) continues to spread across Russia. Over the last week two major outbreaks were registered in the Volgograd region.
JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - An outbreak of African swine fever, a severe hemorrhagic disease of pigs, has spread to a fourth province in South Africa, the agricultural ministry said on Monday, following a spate of outbreaks last month.. The ministry said the latest outbreak of the disease was reported in the Heilbron area of the central Free State Province, after the disease was detected in the countrys North West, Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces last month.. The affected areas have been placed under quarantine and investigations were being carried out to trace the origin of the outbreaks and identify other farms that may be affected, the agriculture, forestry and fisheries ministry said in a statement.. The disease is incurable in pigs but harmless to humans. It has spread to China since last year, causing major losses to the worlds largest hog herd.. (Reporting by Tanisha Heiberg, editing by Louise Heavens) ...
African Swine Fever (ASF) has broken out in China, in what has been described as considered one of the largest animal disorder outbreaks ever seen. The
Keeping African swine fever (ASF) out of Britain is a top priority for the pig sector and a Bpex poster is aimed at helping farmers remind their eastern Eu
Source: Feedstuffs. Following reports that neighboring Vietnam has culled more than 2.5 million hogs since February, Laos has reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) a series of seven cases of African swine fever (ASF) in the southern portion of the Southeast Asian country. ...
BEIJING (Reuters) - China on Thursday confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in the Guangxi Autonomous Region, in the countrys south, as the highly contagious disease spreads through the worlds largest hog herd.. The outbreak in the city of Guigang killed 20 animals on a farm of 3,172 pigs, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement on its website.. China has reported 111 outbreaks of the disease in 28 of its provinces and regions since August 2018.. The disease is deadly for pigs but does not harm humans.. (Reporting by Hallie Gu and Tom Daly; editing by Christian Schmollinger). ...
African swine fever (ASF), first detected in Germany in a wild boar on 10 September 2020, does not pose a health hazard to humans.
Zeerust in the North West has reportedly been hit by an African Swine Fever ASF outbreakIt was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health OIE
Nearly 800 wild boar carcasses infected with African swine fever (ASF) have been found in Estonias forests in 2016, while an additional nearly 700 hunted wild boars have been documented as carrying the disease.
SHANGHAI (Reuters) - Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in Chinas provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the municipality of Shanghai, the agriculture ministry said on Saturday.. Ten pigs had died from the disease and 10 others had fallen ill on a farm with 150 hogs in the southeastern province of Jiangxi, the ministry said on its website. Another 348 pigs will be slaughtered in Yunnan province in the southwest, it added.. A farm with 314 pigs in the Jinshan district of Shanghai was affected, the ministry reported. Eleven of the hogs had died while another 50 were infected, it said. ...
At the end of August, the veterinary authority in Kenya reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) the first outbreak of African swine fever for more than 3 years.
An outbreak of African Swine Fever, an infectious disease which is usually deadly for pigs but harmless to humans, in the north-east of Greece, has added another headache to EU policymakers in Brussels.
China has banned imports of pigs, wild boars and related products from Slovakia to prevent the spread of African swine fever from the European country, China
The UK government has launched a survey aimed at small-scale pig keepers today as it steps up its campaign to combat the introduction and spread of African swine fever.
The outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Bulgaria have resulted in more than 100 000 pigs being culled in the northern part of the country, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) said on the evening of August 1.. Estimates from before the outbreak of African Swine Fever put the number of registered pigs in Bulgaria at a maximum 600 000.. The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency has begun checks in small towns in northern Bulgaria to see if farmers have voluntarily got rid of their pigs, the report said.. The deadline for doing so in districts in that part of Bulgaria expired on July 31. Failure to comply means a fine of 100 to 1000 leva (about 50 to 500 euro).. Efforts by veterinary authorities in Rousse, the largest city on Bulgarias Danube border, are currently aimed at controlling the outbreak of African Swine Fever in the town of Byala, where a sick pig was found in a farmyard. In the area, 140 animals will be euthanised at six unregistered small farms.. However, employees of the Regional Food Safety ...
Bulgarian Food Safety Agency on Saturday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in an industrial farm in the country.. A total of about 17,000 pigs are fattened in the farm, which is located in the village of Nikolovo near Danube River in Ruse Region, the agency said in a statement.. All pigs in the farm will be culled, and meat and products produced from pigs from the farm will be destroyed, the statement said.. The first case of African swine fever in domestic pigs in Bulgaria this year was reported on July 3, and the latest outbreak brought the total number to 17.. However, the previous 16 outbreaks were in backyard farms. As a precautionary measure, 375 domestic pigs were culled so far. ...
The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency said that it had on January 8 confirmed four new outbreaks of African Swine Fever, one at an industrial farm in the Black Sea district of Varna where there were close to 40 000 pigs.. The outbreaks were confirmed by laboratory tests, the agency said.. The industrial farm where the outbreak was confirmed was in the village of Brestak, in the Vulchi Dol municipality in Varna.. The agency said that some of the pigs at the industrial farm in the village of Nikola Kozlevo, where an outbreak of African Swine Fever was confirmed a few days ago - leading to an order to cull 24 500 pigs, had come from Brestak.. A three-kilometre protection zone has been declared, which includes the villages of Brestak and General Kiselovo. A 10km monitoring zone also has been declared.. A new outbreak was registered at an Eastern Balkan pig breeding farm in the village of Vesselinovo, in the Smyadovo municipality in the district of Shoumen. A total of 125 pigs are on the premises. A three ...
African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA.. The disease is spreading at about 2 km a month in Latvia and Estonia, and 1 km a month in Lithuania and Poland. In addition, the number of infected animals found among hunted wild boar is very low (up to 3%). The outbreaks in wild boar in the Baltic countries and Poland can therefore be defined as a small-scale epidemic.. The report covers cases reported between 2014 and 2016.. This report is the outcome of a fruitful cooperation with Member States. We look forward to continuing investigations on this disease, which has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries, says Andrea Gervelmeyer, veterinary epidemiologist at EFSA.. The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland at the beginning of 2014. The disease was subsequently reported in Latvia and Estonia. No additional ...
Modulation of the structure, catalytic activity, and fidelity of African swine fever virus DNA polymerase X by a reversible disulfide switch.
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus [PRRSV] and porcine circovirus type 2 [PCV2 ...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious disease of pigs that has a near 100% mortality rate. The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1921 and was introduced to the Caucasus region when it spread to Georgia in mid-2007. Since this introduction, ASFV has spread to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Russia. From 2007 to 2017, Russia reported more than 1,000 ASFV outbreaks that resulted in approximately 800,000 pigs being killed. From March to October 2017, there were outbreaks of ASFV in Siberia, causing concern that the disease could spread to China. In August 2018, the FAO noted that ASFV strain detected in China was similar to the strain detected in Russia in 2017 ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) added Moldova to a list of regions considered affected with African swine fever (ASF). We are taking this action because of the confirmation of ASF in Moldova. ASF is a highly contagious disease of wild and domestic swine that can spread rapidly in swine populations with extremely high rates of morbidity and mortality. A list of regions where ASF exists or is reasonably believed to exist is maintained on the APHIS Web site at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-and-animal-product-import-information/ct_animal_disease_status. ...
Laos has reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) a series of seven cases of African swine fever (ASF) in the southern portion of the Southeast Asian country.. Read more ...
The number of cases of African swine fever recorded in the Eastern European and Baltic states since the outbreak started in 2012 is three times the number of cases recorded in Russia since the first incident in 2007. The total number of cases in Eastern Europe since 2012 is 2,498 with 531 incidents reported this…
The spread of African swine fever in Bulgaria, which threatens the Balkan countrys pig breeding industry is worrying, an EU Commission spokeswoman said on Thursday.
African Swine Fever Risk Means Its Time for Action. The African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in China and in many other countries around the world is wreaking havoc on the international pork industry. Fortunately, ASF is not in the United States at this time, but the possibility of it or other foreign animal disease (FAD) means that American pig farmers must take the necessary steps to protect their farms and the domestic pork industry.. As U.S. pig farmers know, a robust export market is critical to the ongoing success of the nations pork industry. In 2018, U.S. pork and pork variety meats exports totaled 5.37 billion pounds valued at $6.392 billion, according to USDA. If an FDA such as ASF entered the United States, it would likely eliminate this entire valuation to zero for an unknown amount of time, which is why taking steps to prevent it from occurring require immediate action such as those outlined in resources in the link below.. Click here for more information.. ...
d) an additional zone adjacent to the zones mentioned above to prevent the further spread of the disease.. Two cases of ASF in wild boar have been recently detected in Estonia in zones already under restriction, which is adjacent to the restricted zone in Latvia where cases in wild boar and backyard pig holdings were reported over the past few weeks.. The new boundaries take account of these recent findings. Since January 2014, a total of 39 outbreaks occurred in pigs and 87 notifications in wild boar occurred in these countries.. ...
S&T released today the ASF Master Question List (MQL), a comprehensive resource that provides an up-to-date authoritative summary of publicly available information about the virus to promote coordinated research and improved emergency response preparedness.
There are two objectives in the infected zone: to prevent further spread of infection through quarantine and livestock movement controls and to remove sources of infection as quickly as possible through slaughter of potentially infected pigs, safe disposal of carcasses and decontamination.. The balance of actions towards these objectives depends on circumstances. An important decision must be made between two options. If pigs in the infected zone are not well controlled and there is a risk of further rapid spread of the disease or transfer to wild pigs, or if resources for surveillance and imposition of quarantine and movement controls are inadequate, it may be expedient to slaughter all pigs in the infected zone or in specific areas of the zone. On the other hand, if pigs are securely contained on farms and resources for surveillance and imposition of quarantine and movement controls are adequate, the best decision would be to slaughter pigs only on IPs and DCPs.. Disease surveillance and other ...
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development organised a conference in Hanoi on October 17 to strengthen measures aimed at controlling the spread of the disease, in addition to applying biosafety procedures in breeding activities as a means towards greater sustainable development.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
The state service of Ukraine on issues of food safety and consumer protection (state foods and consumer service) and the national police in the near future will
The whole of the literary matter of the International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics proceedings is copyright International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Downloading this article signifies agreement with the terms and conditions of electronic access.. ...
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Rapid magnetic bead nucleic acid extraction kit for use with any matrix or pathogen (DNA or RNA).. ⇒ The fastest magnetic bead extraction kit on the market, with results in only 20 min!. ⇒ Use in combination with the ID Gene™ range of amplification kits to obtain results in only 70 minutes for DNA and 90 minutes for RNA (extraction and amplification). ⇒ Compatible with the following automated extraction systems:. ...
The integrity of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway is required for efficient African swine fever virus (ASFV) infection. We discovered that specific Rac1 inhibition impaired viral induced microtubule acetylation and viral intracellular transport. These findings highlight that viral infection is the result of a carefully orchestrated modulation of Rho family GTPase activity within the host cell; this modulation results critical for virus buy AMG517 morphogenesis and in turn, triggers cytoskeleton remodeling, such as microtubule stabilization for viral transport during early infection. INTRODUCTION The members of Rho family of small GTPases are essential key regulators of diverse critical cellular functions, including cytoskeleton dynamics, cell cycle progression, migration, the generation of reactive oxygen species, and gene expression (16, 29, 35, 53). Like the majority of Ras superfamily proteins, most Rho GTPases function as molecular switches and cycle between an active GTP-bound form and ...
P. W. Krug, C. R. Larson, A. C. Eslami, L. L. Rodriguez. THE ability of transboundary animal disease viruses such as foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) to persist and be transmitted on fomites contributes to the spread of disease, with serious consequences for animal health and international trade. Disinfection of surfaces is a key part of biosecurity during outbreaks, but there is no standardised method of disinfection for porous surfaces such as wood, which is commonly used in farm buildings. This study investigated the ability of two disinfectant chemicals to inactivate FMDV and African swine fever virus (ASFV) dried on to a porous wood surface ...
German Agriculture Minister Christian Schmidt is backing an intelligent reduction of Germanys growing wild boar population to prevent a further spread of African Swine Fever (ASF), the Rheinische Post newspaper reported on Friday.
The Philippines on Monday reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from Slovakia to China, pushing up pork prices worldwide.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will provide diagnostic kits, equipment and training in nuclear-derived detection techniques to countries asking for assistance in tackling the worldwide spread of the novel coronavirus causing COVID-19. Fourteen countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean have requested assistance with the diagnostic technique, known as Real-Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). The Agency takes pride in its ability to respond quickly to crises, as we did in the recent past with the Ebola, Zika and African Swine Fever viruses, IAEA Director General Mariano Grossi said in a statement to the IAEA Board of Governors. Contributing to international efforts to deal with the coronavirus will remain a priority for me as long as the outbreak persists.. ...
Long before Georgia 2007 appeared, another strain of ASFV arrived in Portugal in 1957. From Lisbon, the virus crept across the country and reached Spain in 1960; it leaped across that country as pigs were shuffled between recently industrialized farms. With the aid of the soft tick Ornithodoros erraticus, the virus became entrenched in Spains population of wild boars, which mingle often with domestic pigs. For the next two decades, African swine fever flared up in Western Europe, the Caribbean and Brazil. By 1985, pork producers and the Spanish government had had enough and embarked on a successful 10-year campaign of sanitation, detection and eradication. Andrés has been probing ASFVs structure and assembly pathway ever since.. One challenge of working with ASFV is the virus size. ASFV is big - a giant virus, in fact, almost twice the size of influenza virions and thicker than the typical layer of ice in which particles are suspended for cryo-electron microscopy. This complicates sample ...
AMES, Iowa - This years Iowa Swine Day will serve pork producers by offering expert speakers who will address current issues affecting the industry. Some of the topics will include the status of and response to African Swine Fever, what makes a biosecurity program successful, improving company culture, precision pork production, and feeding the high-producing sow. The event will be hosted in Ames at Iowa State University on Thursday, June 27 by the Iowa Pork Industry Center.. Iowa Swine Day is a great opportunity to learn, network, and build relationships within the swine industry, said Jason Ross, Iowa Swine Day committee chair. The topics being discussed at this years event are a result of direct input from pork producers who let us know what topics are important to them.. The morning session will feature Dr. Frank Mitloehner from the University of California-Davis, who will explore how improvements in livestock production efficiencies, genetics, nutrition, and veterinary care can help ...
Commercial hog raisers in areas free from African Swine Fever (ASF) can now expand their operations - to increase hog production and stabilize pork supply and prices - by availing of P15-billion worth of loans from the Land Bank of the Philippines (LandBank).. On March 17, 2021, LandBank forged a memorandum of agreement (MoA) with the Department of Agriculture (DA), supporting the governments hog repopulation program by opening a Special Window and Interim Support to Nurture Hog Enterprises (SWINE) lending program, with an initial P15-billion portfolio.. We sincerely thank Land Bank of the Philippines, led by its president Cecilia Borromeo, for being a constant and strong partner of the Department of Agriculture in helping develop and grow the countrys agriculture, fishery and agribusiness sector, said Agriculture Secretary William Dar during the MoA signing ceremony, at the DA-BSWM Convention Hall, in Quezon City.. Sustaining the growth and modernization of our agriculture sector is ...
Vincent ter Beek, Editor of Pig Progress. The African Swine Fever (ASF) situation in China appears to be out of control. Continental Asia will have to get used to the fact that the virus will be around for much longer. Pig Progress editor Vincent ter Beek explains why and discusses the longer-term consequences.. Kinmen Pig was found on a beach on the island of Kinmen, on New Years Eve of 2018. Many pictures were circulated on the Web. They show the animal lying on its right side, among pieces of wood, bottles and fishing nets, Id say it was about 4-5 months old. Part of its skin had turned black. The carcass was surrounded by men in white and blue biosecurity suits ...
With African swine fever in Timor Leste, the Agriculture Minister says it is timely to conduct an exercise to make sure preparations are robust.
An outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) occurred at a farm in central Namibia in March 2018. Fourteen pigs died out of a herd of 59 animals over a period of 16 days between the first and sixteenth of March 2018. The ...
The third quarter results, well below expectations, were also dragged down by volatile pork market conditions as African Swine Fever continues to devastate Asian hog herds. McCain said ASF, along with global trade issues, have made for the most erratic, irrational market conditions that this 40-year-old team has ever experienced.. Candidly, we were on the wrong side of markets that unfolded differently in the summer than what was anticipated in the spring, he said, adding that he expected more favourable market conditions to off-set the negative results in the fourth quarter.. RBC analyst Irene Nattel wrote in a Wednesday research note that the pork market and the increased SG&A expenses were the two main reasons why Maple Leaf fell well below expectations. While Maple Leafs meat results were below forecast, market volatility had also made it difficult to forecast for the company. ...
HANOI, Vietnam (AP) - Asian nations are scrambling to contain the spread of the highly contagious African swine fever with Vietnam culling 2.5 million pigs and China reporting more than a million dead in an unprecedentedly huge epidemic some governments fear has gone out of control. Smaller outbreaks have been reported in Hong Kong, Taiwan, […]
HANOI, Vietnam (AP) - Asian nations are scrambling to contain the spread of the highly contagious African swine fever with Vietnam culling 2.5 million pigs and China reporting more than a million...
HANOI, Vietnam (AP) - Asian nations are scrambling to contain the spread of highly contagious African swine fever, with Vietnam culling 2.6 million pigs and China reporting more than a million dead in an unprecedentedly huge epidemic some fear is out of control.
After making sure everyones face mask is on and sanitizer is to hand, the Qiao family heads out to Jingshan Park, a former royal sanctuary beside the Forbidden City in Chinas capital Beijing. The Philippines confirmed on Sunday that African swine fever infections had spread in the south of
Reportable Disease List Any Suspicious or Mysterious Disease! Related Pests, Diseases, or Noxious Weeds: Disease African Swine Fever Anaplasmosis Anthrax
African swine fever is a vector-borne disease of domestic pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs, caused by infection with the African ... It is an ectoparasite and vector of relapsing fever in humans, and African swine fever in pigs. Soft ticks in the family ... Valli, V.E.O.; Wood, R.D. (2016). "African swine fever". Pathology of Domestic Animals. Jubb, Kennedy & Palmer. 3. Archived ... and Its Relation to African Swine Fever Epizootiology". The Journal of Hygiene. 96 (3): 535-544. doi:10.1017/S0022172400066341 ...
This virus is the cause of African swine fever. Some of the symptoms for this flu include fever, high pulse, fast breathing, ... "African swine fever (ASF) , animal disease". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-07. "Iridoviridae-Iridoviridae-dsDNA ... These symptoms can be similar to those from hog cholera, the difference is that the African swine flu can not be cured. There ...
Salas, María L.; Andrés, Germán (2013). "African swine fever virus morphogenesis". Virus Research. 173: 29-41. doi:10.1016/j. ...
"African Swine Fever enters Davao City". SunStar. February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020. "Senate panel endorses criminal ... February 3 - A state of calamity is declared by the provincial government of Davao Occidental, due to the African Swine Fever ... "Davao Occidental declares state of calamity due to African Swine Fever outbreak". MindaNews. February 4, 2020. Retrieved ...
"Philippines says African swine fever caused pigs' deaths". ABS-CBN News. September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 9, 2019. " ... September 9 - The first case of African swine fever has been confirmed by the Department of Agriculture. It was also confirmed ... "African swine fever now in Philippines". Rappler. September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 9, 2019. "Philippines confirms 1st ... case of African swine fever". Xinhua News Agency. September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 9, 2019. "8 Coast Guard personnel ...
Galindo I, Alonso C (May 2017). "African Swine Fever Virus: A Review". Viruses. 9 (5): 103. doi:10.3390/v9050103. PMC 5454416. ... Many animal viruses in the realm are associated with disease, including adenoviruses, poxviruses, and the African swine fever ... The most notable disease-causing viruses in Varidnaviria are adenoviruses, poxviruses, and the African swine fever virus (ASFV ... ASFV is usually asymptomatic in its natural reservoirs but causes a lethal hemorrhagic fever in domestic pigs that is a concern ...
66 million for African swine fever safeguards". Countryman. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020. "Swine fever defences get ... "Biosecurity Charges Increase from 1 January 2020 - Biosecurity Imports Levy and African Swine Fever Update". www.afif.asn.au. ... As Agriculture Minister McKenzie was instrumental in protecting Australia's pork industry from African Swine Fever. On 11 ...
On April 10th 2020, a case of African Swine Fever near the village was reported on a local commercial pig farm which is the ... Enjoli, Audrey (April 10, 2020). "African Swine Fever Outbreak Discovered In Poland". LiveKindly. Coordinates: 52°24′00″N 16°38 ...
Pork production is periodically affected by African swine fever; potential increases are limited by the fact that Muslims (who ... or the Federation of French West Africa in order to decentralize French authoritative power into Africa so that proper ... Meanwhile, because West Africa is under the tropical climate with frequent rainy seasons (twice a year), the tropical water ... First of all, the Ivory Coast has one of the most prosperous harbors in Western Africa-Abidjan, the capital city of Ivory Coast ...
African swine fever Poultry diseases: Newcastle disease Multi-species diseases: Rift Valley fever (zoonotic) Twenty different ... In addition, exploratory activities were undertaken on African swine fever. By the end of phase 1, DFID reported that GALVmed ... During phase 1, GALVmed focused on four key diseases: East Coast fever (ECF) that affects cattle, Rift Valley fever (RVF)that ... In December 2014, CTTBD became the African Union centre of excellence in ECF vaccine production within Africa when it began ...
"Sequence and evolutionary relationships of African swine fever virus thymidine kinase". Virology. 178 (1): 301-4. doi:10.1016/ ...
"Minister instructs Regional and District Commissioners in controlling African swine fever". "Mashimba Ndaki Parliament Profile ...
... s were experimentally infected with the virus that causes African swine fever. It was found that the warthogs ... with African swine fever virus". Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. 47 (1): 19-22. ISSN 0030-2465. Child, Graham; ... During the late nineteenth century, P. aethiopicus became extinct in South Africa. Subsequently, study of mDNA as well as ... The desert warthog is native to the Horn of Africa. Its current range extends from southeastern Ethiopia through western ...
The thymidine kinases from pox viruses, African swine fever virus, Herpes simplex virus, Varicella zoster virus and Epstein- ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) and Fish lymphocystis disease virus (FLDV). The major capsid protein of insect iridescent ... "Sequence and evolutionary relationships of African swine fever virus thymidine kinase". Virology. 178 (1): 301-4. doi:10.1016/ ...
At times African swine fever was a serious impediment to pork exports. Poultry raising had also expanded rapidly, and the ... Merino sheep, the best known breed, were probably imported from North Africa, and they were well adapted to semiarid conditions ...
"Why Czechia succeeded against the African swine fever and we did not". Dir.bg. 28 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019. "Turkey's ... Borisov's government received further criticism for its handling of African swine fever virus outbreaks which caused the ... "EU Health Commissioner 'greatly disappointed' by Bulgaria's handling of African Swine Fever". The Sofia Globe. 25 July 2019. ...
His research also extended into African swine fever and blue tongue viruses. He prepared the UK for an epidemic of swine ... His advice was taken on an international level, and he played a significant role in disease control in Africa and the Middle ...
The tick transmits the African swine fever virus only in Spain and Portugal. The tick feeds at night, ingesting blood to ... This species carries the pathogenic Qalyub and African swine fever viruses and the spirochetes Borrelia crocidurae and Borrelia ... "Distribution and biology of Ornithodoros erraticus in parts of Spain affected by African swine fever". The Veterinary Record. ...
... has been shown to be effective in inactivating African swine fever virus. Treatment of Oral myiasis caused by screwworm ...
"African Swine Fever Virus Causes Microtubule-Dependent Dispersal of trans-Golgi Network" (PDF). Bennett EP, Hassan H, Clausen H ...
For African swine fever virus diffusion prevention, Icheon Citizen was decided three match disclaimer. Updated to match(es) ...
Pig farmers in Germany have been worried that African swine fever will spread to Germany. In 2017, Lidl was involved in ...
His wealth jumped again in 2020 as pork prices rose due to African swine fever. Qin is the richest farmer in the world and owns ... Muyuan's stock price rose significantly when pork prices increased due to the African swine fever outbreak in 2019 and the ... During the swine fever crisis, Muyuan was able to thrive because it owns more of its own facilities than competitors, allowing ... Qin said that the swine fever outbreak "brings both benefit and harm" and that "the epidemic will force the weaker companies ...
Notable disease-causing viruses in Varidnaviria include adenoviruses, poxviruses, and the African swine fever virus. Poxviruses ...
Officially it is to keep out wild boars which are alleged to carry African swine fever. Denmark also enforces border controls ... The Ceuta border fence was erected in 1993 at the Morocco-Spain border at Ceuta, a city on the North African coast that is ... In 1990 it was reported: Concern is growing in South Africa over the country's use of a lethal, 3,300 volt one amp electrified ... Local people call the fence the 'Snake of Fire'. There have been calls by South African church leaders over the past months for ...
... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus". ...
Kutish GF, Rock DL, Afonso CL, Borca MV, Irusta P, Carrillo C, Brun A, Sussman M (1994). "An African swine fever virus gene ... CD2 displays structural and functional similarities with African swine fever virus (ASFV) LMW8-DR, a protein that is involved ...
Diseases of primary concern are: classical swine fever, African swine fever, Newcastle disease, and notifiable avian influenza ... Rift Valley fever, capripox, lumpy skin disease, glanders, and classical swine fever. Animal Care - The Animal Care Unit ... In addition to OIE Reference Laboratory status for classical swine fever and avian influenza, this Section is also the National ... NCFAD is organized into several Sections and Units: Classical Swine Fever/Avian Influenza - This Section provides diagnostic ...
In 1971 the first serious outbreak of African Swine Fever in the Western Hemisphere occurred in Cuba. The Cuban government ... The other four programs researched included RVF, rinderpest, African swine fever, plus eleven miscellaneous exotic animal ... introduced African swine fever virus into Cuba six weeks before the outbreak in 1971, to destabilize the Cuban economy and ... yellow fever, psittacosis, typhus, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever (RVF), CHIKV, late blight of potato, rinderpest, Newcastle ...
... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus. ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Darfur yellow fever (2012). *Swansea measles (2013). *Western African Ebola (2013-2016) ... He described the plague as "great" and of long duration, and mentioned fever, diarrhea, and pharyngitis as well as a skin ...
Other haemorrhagic fevers (Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Dengue fever, Lassa fever, Marburg viral haemorrhagic fever, Rift ... Swine influenza any strain of the influenza virus endemic in pigs (excludes H1N1 swine flu, which is a human virus) pigs close ... African sleeping sickness Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense range of wild animals and domestic livestock transmitted by the bite ... Lassa fever Lassa fever virus rodents exposure to rodents Lyme disease Borrelia burgdorferi deer, wolves, dogs, birds, rodents ...
Swine flu. In pigs swine influenza produces fever, lethargy, sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing and decreased appetite.[ ... which began in Russia and spread to Europe via Africa. In Rome, over 8,000 people were killed, and several Spanish cities were ... In 2009, a swine-origin H1N1 virus strain commonly referred to as "swine flu" caused the 2009 flu pandemic, but there is no ... Chinese inspectors on an airplane, checking passengers for fevers, a common symptom of swine flu ...
Swine erysipelas. In 1882, Pasteur sent his assistant Louis Thuillier to southern France because of an epizootic of swine ... "South African Journal of Science. 103 (9-10): 377-380.. *^ Pasteur, Louis (1857). "Mémoire sur la fermentation alcoolique". ... He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries ... In South Africa, the Louis Pasteur Private Hospital in Pretoria, and Life Louis Pasteur Private Hospital, Bloemfontein, are ...
Africa 2016 2016 yellow fever outbreak in Angola yellow fever [120]. 1,614 (as of 4 July 2017[update]) Yemen 2016-present 2016- ... 2015 Indian swine flu outbreak Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 [117][118][119]. ... dengue fever. 847 (as of 10 January 2013[update]) Darfur Sudan 2012 2012 yellow fever outbreak in Darfur, Sudan yellow fever [ ... Byzantine Empire, West Asia, Africa 746-747 plague [10]. 75-200 million; 30-60% of population Europe, Asia and North Africa ...
HA Swine North America, NP Swine Eurasia and/or North America, NA Swine Eurasia, MP Swine Eurasia, NS Swine Eurasia and/or ... The US CDC recommended that people should wait at least a day after their fever subsides (usually 3-4 days after the onset of ... "H1N1 virus genome: 'This is a world first'". Independent Online (South Africa) (Press release). Cape Town. Agence France Press ... "Ferret gets swine flu from its owner, a first" The Oregonian, Oct. 20, 2009 Amanda Gardner. Rest Easy. When It Comes to Swine ...
Fletcher, R. D.; Bertschinger, H. U. (2010). "A Method of Isolation ofVibrio colifrom Swine Fecal Material by Selective ... fever, and pain.[23][24] The most common routes of transmission are fecal-oral, ingestion of contaminated food or water, and ... South Africa: Studies using molecular diagnostic methods". Journal of Infection. 54 (6): 558-66. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2006.10.047 ...
Other haemorrhagic fevers (Marburg viral haemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever[ ... Swine influenza. any strain of the influenza virus endemic in pigs (excludes H1N1 swine flu, which is a human virus). pigs. ... African sleeping sickness. Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. range of wild animals and domestic livestock. transmitted by the ... West Nile fever. Flavivirus. birds, horses. mosquito bite. Zika fever. Zika virus. chimpanzees, monkeys, apes, baboons. ...
Listed diseases were fever, diphtheria, dysentery, cholera, smallpox, and influenza, with the first two being the main killers ... 180,827 swine; (food, that is, in the shape of meat and bread, for about one half of the Irish population), and yet this very ... and has been led by such notable personalities as Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa and the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.[ ... The best example of this phenomenon was fever, which exacted the greatest death toll. In the popular mind, as well as medical ...
Apoptosis of thymocytes in experimental African Swine Fever virus infection., Histol Histopathol. jaanuar 2004 ;19(1):77-84., ... Apoptosis of thymocytes in experimental African Swine Fever virus infection., Histol Histopathol. jaanuar 2004 ;19(1):77-84., ...
Africa, and South America. Symptoms of FMD in humans include malaise, fever, vomiting, red ulcerative lesions (surface-eroding ... "Latest swine news : FAO: Andean countries short of eradicating the foot-and-mouth disease - pig333, pig to pork community". ... In 1996, endemic areas included Asia, Africa, and parts of South America; as of August 2007, Chile is disease-free,[8] and ... Causes for this include the high swine density in the area, with up to 6,500 hogs per square mile, feeding of pigs with ...
Famili Asfarviridae - includes African swine fever virus. *Famili Baculoviridae. *Famili Coccolithoviridae. *Famili ...
Looking Through Indonesia's History For Answers to Swine Flu Archived 2 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe ... In West Africa the influenza epidemic killed at least 100,000 people in Ghana.[62] Tafari Makonnen (the future Haile Selassie, ... yellow fever, diphtheria, and cholera all occurred near the same time. These outbreaks probably lessened the significance of ... One hypothesis is that the virus strain originated at Fort Riley, Kansas, in viruses in poultry and swine which the fort bred ...
A cow with rinderpest in the "milk fever" position, 1982. The last confirmed case of rinderpest occurred in Kenya in 2001 and ... Pleschka, S (2013). "Overview of Influenza Viruses". Swine Influenza. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 370. pp. 1 ... Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa). Bodily fluids. 1.5-2.5[54]. 33-60% ... Visser, A; Hoosen, A (2012). "Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines - a South African perspective". Vaccine. 30 ...
Artemisia annua is traditionally used to treat fever.[15] It has been found to have antimalarial properties.[15] ... "China's quest to buy up global supply of donkeys halted by African nations". Independent.co.uk.. ... Fire/Heat (火, pinyin: huǒ): aversion to heat, high fever, thirst, concentrated urine, red face, red tongue, yellow tongue fur, ... and donkey hide from Africa to China to make the traditional remedy ejiao have prompted export restrictions by some African ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Zika (2015-2016). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... H5N1 has killed millions of poultry in a growing number of countries throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa. Health experts are ... Swine influenza viruses have the ability to bind both types of sialic acid receptors. Hemagglutinin is the major antigen of the ... Pigs can also be infected with human, avian, and swine influenza viruses, allowing for mixtures of genes (reassortment) to ...
This produced a typhoid fever epidemic, and food-borne illness outbreaks gained national attention. Unfortunately, it was not ... Inspection Programs To Operate Even After Finding Cutting Boards Contaminated With Old Meat And Soot-Like Residues On Swine ... 2017-18 South African listeriosis outbreak. *2018 Australian rockmelon listeriosis outbreak. *2018 Australian strawberry ... "Oyster-Borne Typhoid Fever Killed 150 in Winter of 1924-25". Food Safety News. Retrieved 2017-11-24 ...
CDC Archived 2012-11-29 at WebCite article Genome Analysis Linking Recent European and African Influenza (H5N1) Viruses EID ... November 5, 2009 "The Cat Who Got Swine Flu." ''New York Times.''". Well.blogs.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on ... Flu virus-induced increases in the level of cytokines is also associated with flu symptoms, including fever, chills, vomiting ... In an interview with the International Herald Tribune, Nabarro compares avian flu to AIDS in Africa, warning that ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... eastern Africa, and the Mediterranean coast. While cholera had spread across India many times previously, this outbreak went ...
"WHO , Regional Office for Africa. Retrieved 20 August 2019.. *^ Khudyakov, Yury E.; Purdy, Michael A. (17 December 2010). " ... deer and swine have frequently been implicated.[58] Domestic animals have been reported as a reservoir for the hepatitis E ... Genotype 1 has been isolated from tropical and several subtropical countries in Asia and Africa.[38] ... northern and central Africa, India, and Central America.[5][45] It is spread mainly by the fecal-oral route due to ...
... classical swine fever,[109] avian influenza,[110] Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia[111] and Salmonella infections in pigs.[112] ... South African Institute for Medical Research (1929). Annual report [Jaarverslag]. South African Institute for Medical Research ... Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid. The live ... Egg protein is present in influenza and yellow fever vaccines as they are prepared using chicken eggs. Other proteins may be ...
... such as classical swine fever,[123] avian influenza,[124] Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia[125] and Salmonella infections in pigs ... South African Institute for Medical Research (1929). Annual report [Jaarverslag]. South African Institute for Medical Research ... Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid. The live ... Eggs were used for virus propagation in the development of a yellow fever vaccine in 1935 and a influenza vaccine in 1945. In ...
Izibonelo kubalwa kuzo i-Ebola virus disease, Lassa fever, Rift Valley fever, Marburg virus disease ne Bolivian hemorrhagic ... A. M., Dumar (2009). Swine Flu: What You Need to Know. Wildside Press LLC. p. 7. ISBN 978-1434458322. ... Sub-Saharan Africa iyona ndawo enabantu abaningi abathelelekayo. Ngo-2018 bebelinganiselwa emaphesentini angu-61 abathelelekile ... Indaba ephelele: 2015-16 Zika virus epidemic, Zika virus, and Zika fever ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Darfur yellow fever (2012). *Swansea measles (2013). *Western African Ebola (2013-2016) ...
CDC combats emerging diseases and other health risks, including birth defects, West Nile virus, obesity, avian, swine, and ... During the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the CDC helped coordinate the return of two infected American aid workers for ... Yersinia pestis and Dengue fever virus.[17] ... a group of African American men (nearly 400 of whom had ... The CDC has launched campaigns targeting the transmission of influenza, including the H1N1 swine flu, and launched websites to ...
A major social problem in Africa in regards to HIV is the orphan epidemic. The orphan epidemic in Africa is a regional problem ... The Swine Flu (also known as (H1N1) epidemic is a recent disease emerging in the early 21st century. In April 2009, during the ... The rapid urbanization of Australia led to epidemics of typhoid fever and the Bubonic plague. Because of this, public health ... Epidemics: Malaria, AIDS, Other Disease: Post-colonial Africa. (2004). In Encyclopedia of African History. Retrieved Nov. 2009 ...
African swine fever for pigs, and psittacosis to kill chicken. These agents were prepared to be sprayed down from tanks ... Q-fever) Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE) Botulinum toxin (botulism) Staphylococcal enterotoxin B Smallpox Marburg ...
"France to donate swine flu vaccines to WHO: presidency. 17 September 2009". France24.com. Retrieved 19 January 2018.. ... from Asia to Europe and Africa, birds infected with the H5N1 virus could reach the Americas within the next six to 12 months.[ ... common symptoms of influenza infection are fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, and weakness and ... "WHO: Swine flu pandemic has begun, 1st in 41 years". The Associated Press. 11 June 2009. Archived from the original on 14 June ...
African Swine Fever (ASF). African swine fever (ASF), first described in the 1920s in Kenya, is a highly contagious hemorrhagic ... The disease is endemic in Sardinia, most countries of sub-Saharan Africa, and some West African countries. Spain and Portugal ... African Swine Fever h2.green {background:#006600; color:#fff; padding: 5px 10px;} h3.green {background:#006600; color:#fff; ...
African swine fever Abbreviation: ASFV Status. Arbovirus Select Agent. No SALS Level. ...
African Swine Fever does not affect humans. "This is a dramatic development in the international distribution of African Swine ... African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. It causes fever and results in very high pig mortality ... Pigs can acquire African Swine Fever by eating infected meat or tissues, by direct contact with an infected pig, and by contact ... 8 June 2007, Rome - Georgia has been hit by the devastating pig disease African Swine Fever, which could also threaten ...
... Hundreds Of Millions Of Pigs Feared Dead From Swine Fever - Price Of Pork Has Risen 38 Percent In The Last ... Categories CommentaryTags African Swine Fever, Fever, Food Crisis, Food Prices, Food Shortage, Food Shortages, Hunger, Hungry, ... South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World ... African swine fever is also devastating pig farms in Vietnam, Cambodia, Tibet and we just learned that an outbreak has now ...
Romania has confirmed an outbreak of deadly African swine fever at the countrys largest pig breeding farm and all 140,000 ... African swine fever affects pigs and wild boar and has spread in Eastern Europe in recent years. It does not affect humans. ... BUCHAREST (Reuters) - Romania has confirmed an outbreak of deadly African swine fever at the countrys largest pig breeding ...
This African Swine Fever Scenarios are based on the epidemiological compartment model described by Barongo et al. 2016 in the ... The second project demonstrate a modified versions of the African Swine Fever Model and there application on a spatial scale. ... "A Mathematical Model that Simulates Control Options for African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)". ... Retrieved from "http://wiki.eclipse.org/index.php?title=African_Swine_Fever&oldid=433569" ...
The Philippines confirmed on Sunday that African swine fever infections had spread in the south of the country, which accounts ... African swine fever outbreak spreads in Philippines southern provinces. Read full article. ... File Photo: City health official conduct monitoring and testing for African Swine Fever at a backyard piggery in Manila on ... MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines confirmed on Sunday that African swine fever infections had spread in the south of the ...
Stocks that are most prone to swine fever fears include Bloomin Brands, Phibro, Darling Ingredients, Deere, and Hormel, ... African swine fever has decimated the pig population in China and sent pork prices soaring. As many as up to 200 million ... We believe the potential magnitude and duration of African swine fever impacts to margins is underappreciated and BLMN is among ... Our 2020 estimates are below consensus even though we are taking a conservative approach to layering African swine fever ...
This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced.. AEDT = Australian Eastern Daylight Savings Time which is 11 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). ...
Swine fever fears take toll on festivals In the wake of African swine fever (ASF) infections, local governments have canceled ... A South Korean government laboratory did not detect any African swine fever (ASF) virus in tests of rivers that run along the ... South Korea on Friday confirmed its ninth African swine fever (ASF) case, sparking concerns over a massive spread of the deadly ... Quarantine officials stand guard as a precaution against African swine fever near a pig farm in Paju, Gyeonggi Province, Friday ...
To update the epidemiological analysis of African swine fever in the EU [1], EFSA applied a harmonised data model agreed at a ... African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data ... The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland at the beginning of 2014. The disease ... Scientific report on Epidemiological analyses on African swine fever in the Baltic countries and Poland [3] ...
African swine fever has been detected on three farms in Vietnam, authorities said on Tuesday, the first confirmed cases of the ... HANOI: African swine fever has been detected on three farms in Vietnam, authorities said on Tuesday, the first confirmed cases ... Vietnam has confirmed the first African swine fever cases in three provinces. (Bangkok Post photo) ...
China reported another outbreak of deadly African swine fever late on Monday, its third new case in two days, as the highly ... HONG KONG/BEIJING (Reuters) - China reported another outbreak of deadly African swine fever late on Monday, its third new case ...
African swine fever in South Korea and Japan: different strains. South Korea on Tuesday reported its first cases of African ... Electric fences between Poland and Germany to avoid spread of African swine fever. Poland recorded 55 outbreaks of African ... Tag: African swine fever. * Monday, September 14th 2020 - 11:18 UTC Japan, China, South Korea ban pork imports from Germany; ... African swine fever kills 3.000 pigs in Indonesia. Indonesia is tightening curbs on the transport of pigs and pork products ...
African Swine Fever (ASF) is an infectious viral disease in domestic pigs and other pig-like animals, such as warthogs and the ... African Swine Fever (ASF). African Swine Fever (ASF) is an infectious viral disease in domestic pigs and other pig-like animals ... Do you have a question about African Swine Fever? Ask our expert: dr. WLA (Willie) Loeffen ...
The disease occurs primarily in Africa, more specifically in the countries south of the Sahara. From 2007, outbreaks were ... African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease that only domestic pigs and wild boar are susceptible to. ... African swine fever background. African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease that only domestic pigs and wild boar are ... The African swine fever virus. The African swine fever (ASF) virus is the sole member of the Asfarviridae family. The disease ...
Laos has reported its first cases of African swine fever (ASF), confirming outbreaks in the southern province of Saravane, the ... PARIS (Reuters) - Laos has reported its first cases of African swine fever (ASF), confirming outbreaks in the southern province ...
Chinas hog herd fell by half in the first eight months of 2019 due to a devastating outbreak of African swine fever and will ... Chinas hog herd fell by half in the first eight months of 2019 due to a devastating outbreak of African swine fever and will ... In Vietnam, the worlds sixth-largest pork producer, 25% of the countrys total pig herd could be lost to African swine fever ... Though not harmful to humans, African swine fever is deadly to hogs, with no vaccine available. It surfaced for the first time ...
Bulgaria reported on Saturday an outbreak of African swine fever at a breeding farm for pigs near the Danube city of Ruse in ... African swine fever is a highly contagious disease that affects pigs and wild boar. It does not affect humans. ... Bulgaria has stepped up measures to prevent the spread of deadly African swine fever after reporting more than 30 cases of the ... SOFIA (Reuters) - Bulgaria reported on Saturday an outbreak of African swine fever at a breeding farm for pigs near the Danube ...
Although African Swine Fever is limited to infecting pigs only, this zoonotic disease has an important indirect effect on human ... The spectre of African Swine Fever (ASF) rose its head in Sarawak recently when one out of 17 samples of canned pork luncheon ... How African Swine Fever can affect humans @media only screen and (max-width: 960px){ #sideNote { position: initial !important ... It causes malaise, fever, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, disseminated intravascular coagulation (where blood clots develop ...
Reuters Breakingviews) - African swine fever is nudging China towards peak pork. The outbreak, one of the worst recorded, has ... HONG KONG (Reuters Breakingviews) - African swine fever is nudging China towards peak pork. The outbreak, one of the worst ...
Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in Chinas provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the ... Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in Chinas provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the ...
China detected African swine fever in pigs being transported to Guangxi region from outside provinces, the agriculture ministry ... The deadly African swine fever disease is much more severe than officially reported in China, leading to the death or killing ... BEIJING (Reuters) - China detected African swine fever in pigs being transported to Guangxi region from outside provinces, the ...
... wild boars and related products from Slovakia to prevent the spread of African swine fever from the European country, China ... wild boars and related products from Slovakia to prevent the spread of African swine fever from the European country, Chinas ...
BSP: Oil price volatility, swine fever woes may push up inflation in 2020. October 26, 2019 BY: Daxim L. Lucas ... Lack of clear rules to tackle swine fever outbreak hit. September 21, 2019 BY: Ronnel W. Domingo ... Major PH meat firm feels pinch of swine fever scare. September 19, 2019 BY: Tonette Orejas ... Food waste seen as carrier of unidentified swine disease. August 24, 2019 BY: Karl R. Ocampo ...
African Swine Fever in Angola. Jan 26, 2011 , healthmap , Outbreak News African Swine Fever was confirmed in the cities of ... New Outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Russia. Six new outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) were reported this week from ... African Swine Fever in Ukraine. Ukraine is hoping to prevent an outbreak of African swine fever. "[Across the border] in Russia ... African Swine Fever is infectious among pigs and causes hemorrhaging and myocardial infarction in the pig. Resident owners of ...
Čia pateikiami visi straipsniai ir naujienos apie African swine fever publikuoti DELFI.LT portale. Foto, video reportažai, ... Swine fever outbreak recorded on Idavangs farm in Lithuania An outbreak of swine fever has been recorded on a pig farm in ... A senior Lithuanian veterinary official has played down Belgiums suspicions that African swine fever (ASF) could have been ... Lithuanias agriculture minister plans to propose encouraging farmers to renounce pig farming as swine fever is spreading in ...
African swine fever spreads with travellers. African swine fever is a lethal disease that affects swine and wild boar, but ... People travelling to Finland from abroad play a key role in the prevention of African swine fever and other similar animal ... of all meat products containing swine or wild boar meat as gifts or travel snacks from countries where African swine fever has ... Prevent the spread of swine fever to Finland. *Do not bring with you any meat or milk products from Russia or from anywhere ...
South Korea is culling thousands of pigs after confirming African swine fever at a farm near its border with North Korea, which ... African swine fever has decimated pig herds in China and other Asian countries before reaching the Koreas. It is harmless to ... SEOUL, South Korea - South Korea is culling thousands of pigs after confirming African swine fever at a farm near its border ... South Korea culls pigs after confirming African swine fever. By KIM TONG-HYUNG Associated Press ...
  • File Photo: City health official conduct monitoring and testing for African Swine Fever at a backyard piggery in Manila on September 17, 2019. (yahoo.com)
  • The world's 10th-largest pork consumer and seventh-biggest pork importer reported its first-ever African swine fever outbreaks in September 2019 in some backyard farms near the capital Manila on the northern island of Luzon. (yahoo.com)
  • Quarantine officials stand guard as a precaution against African swine fever near a pig farm in Paju, Gyeonggi Province, Friday, Sept. 20, 2019. (koreatimes.co.kr)
  • China's hog herd fell by half in the first eight months of 2019 due to a devastating outbreak of African swine fever and will likely shrink by 55% by the end of the year, analysts at Rabobank said on Wednesday. (mercopress.com)
  • FILE - Mark Schipp, the President of World Organization for Animal Health briefs media in Sydney, Oct. 31, 2019, on the threat of African swine fever. (voanews.com)
  • Between 2018 and 2019, a quarter of the world's pig population died from an African swine fever outbreak that spread across China. (microbes.info)
  • The African Swine Fever (ASF) Forum was held in Ottawa on April 30 and May 1, 2019. (gc.ca)
  • South Korea, which recorded a swine fever outbreak and carried out a large pig cull in 2019, announced on Thursday (10 September) that it was banning pork imports from Germany. (yahoo.com)
  • In 2019, Greece submitted to the Commission a programme for control eradication of African Swine Fever to be implemented in 2020. (euractiv.com)
  • In 2019, an increase in ASF outbreaks was reported in several African, Asian and European countries. (ecolab.com)
  • BEIJING (Reuters) - China's agriculture ministry on Thursday said it was lowering its forecast for corn consumption in the 2019/20 crop year amid outbreaks of African swine fever across the country. (yahoo.com)
  • Beyond tariffs (which have weighed on US soybean exports in 2018/19 TD, down 27% YoY), Chinese import demand for soybeans is likely to decline significantly as it deals with a ~30% reduction in its hog herd following the outbreak of African swine fever (ASF). (cnbc.com)
  • FILE - A poster on African swine fever is seen outside a farm after the outbreak of the disease in Fangshan district of Beijing, China, Nov. 23, 2018. (voanews.com)
  • Belgian authorities discovered sick boar in mid-2018 - northwest Europe's first detection in decades - but swine fever hasn't spread to other nations or onto farms. (insurancejournal.com)
  • WASHINGTON, October 22, 2018 - When Hardy, a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) trained detector dog, sniffed out a roasted pig head in traveler baggage at Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International airport early this month, it underscored the efforts USDA and its partners are undertaking to keep African Swine Fever (ASF), a swine disease that could devastate the U.S. pork producers, from entering the country. (usda.gov)
  • In August 2018, an outbreak of African swine fever was reported in Asia and Europe. (wi.gov)
  • On Mar 28, 2018 In African Swine. (pigprogress.net)
  • Expert opinion by John Gadd On Dec 17, 2018 In African Swine. (pigprogress.net)
  • On Jun 13, 2018 In African Swine. (pigprogress.net)
  • Last month, China reported outbreaks of African swine fever in several provinces, including Yunnan, a border province with Vietnam. (reuters.com)
  • Poland recorded 55 outbreaks of African swine fever in wild boar near the German border last month, the world animal health body said on Thursday, in a sign the deadly virus is spreading near one of the European Union's biggest pork exporters. (mercopress.com)
  • Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in China's provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the municipality of Shanghai, the agriculture ministry said on Saturday. (gulf-times.com)
  • Six new outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) were reported this week from Russia's Tver and. (healthmap.org)
  • China has reported around 50 outbreaks of African swine fever since early August. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • China reports new outbreaks of African swine fever as fear of a global spread of the disease rises. (southeastagnet.com)
  • BEIJING, April 19 (Reuters) - China said on Friday that it had confirmed outbreaks of African swine fever in two locations in Hainan province, an island off its southern coast. (agriculture.com)
  • China has confirmed new outbreaks of African swine fever in three regions, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said Wednesday. (china.org.cn)
  • The Russian Federation continues to report outbreaks of African Swine Fever - but it is not the only country. (pigprogress.net)
  • Outbreaks of African swine fever have been detected in four South African provinces since April. (reuters.com)
  • We are taking this action because outbreaks of African swine fever have been Start Printed Page 9175 confirmed in various locations throughout Mauritius. (federalregister.gov)
  • Our 2020 estimates are below consensus even though we are taking a conservative approach to layering African swine fever impacts into our model and protein pressures likely will persist beyond 2020. (cnbc.com)
  • WASHINGTON, July 28, 2020 -Scientists from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have identified a new way to detect the presence of live African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) that minimizes the need for samples from live animals and provides easier access to veterinary labs that need to diagnose the virus. (usda.gov)
  • Washington, DC - January 23, 2020 - Government and academic investigators have developed a vaccine against African swine fever that appears to be far more effective than previously developed vaccines. (eurekalert.org)
  • USDA estimates there are 6 million feral swine in the U.S. in 2020, creating issues for traditional livestock production, natural resources and other species. (drovers.com)
  • African swine fever (ASF), first detected in Germany in a wild boar on 10 September 2020, does not pose a health hazard to humans. (bund.de)
  • African swine fever (ASF), first described in the 1920s in Kenya, is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of wild and domestic suids with extremely high morbidity and mortality rates. (usda.gov)
  • African swine fever is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease affecting both domestic and wild pigs of all ages. (usda.gov)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. (fao.org)
  • The highly contagious fever has killed around a million pigs worldwide and recently spread rapidly across China, which has reported 80 cases since early August. (reuters.com)
  • HANOI: African swine fever has been detected on three farms in Vietnam, authorities said on Tuesday, the first confirmed cases of the highly contagious disease in the Southeast Asia country. (bangkokpost.com)
  • HONG KONG/BEIJING (Reuters) - China reported another outbreak of deadly African swine fever late on Monday, its third new case in two days, as the highly contagious disease spreads rapidly through the world's top pork producer. (reuters.com)
  • African swine fever is a highly contagious disease that affects pigs and wild boar. (reuters.com)
  • African swine fever is harmless to humans but very contagious and fatal for pigs. (ap.org)
  • The United States suspended imports of pork from Poland Thursday because of an outbreak of the highly contagious hog disease African swine fever in that country. (voanews.com)
  • The confidence that existed only a few weeks ago about keeping North America free of the highly contagious African Swine Fever may not be holding up. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • African swine fever doesn't affect humans but is highly contagious in pigs. (voanews.com)
  • African swine fever virus (ASFV) is highly contagious and often lethal to domestic and wild pigs. (eurekalert.org)
  • This was the first outbreak in recent history outside of Africa and Sardinia--where swine fever is endemic--and this particular strain has been highly lethal and highly contagious, spreading quickly to neighboring countries. (eurekalert.org)
  • African swine fever is a highly contagious viral disease of swine with severe economic consequences. (wi.gov)
  • Emergency preventive efforts are actively underway across the country to stem the spread of African swine fever, a highly contagious virus," the Rodong Sinmun said in an article, adding that relevant government agencies and municipalities are working together to guarantee the safety of livestock. (koreaherald.com)
  • It is the first time in 12 years that the highly contagious haemorrhagic viral disease affecting domestic and wild pigs has hit the West African country. (newzimbabwe.com)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease that can impact domestic and wild pigs. (ecolab.com)
  • Because African swine fever is highly contagious and deadly to pigs, economies and the food supply are being affected around the world. (hstoday.us)
  • African swine fever is a highly contagious viral disease characterized by loss of appetite, diarrhea, fever, and exhaustion in pigs. (independent.co.ug)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs). (wikipedia.org)
  • BUCHAREST (Reuters) - Romania has confirmed an outbreak of deadly African swine fever at the country's largest pig breeding farm and all 140,000 animals will be culled, the national food safety authority ANSVSA's office in the affected region said on Saturday. (yahoo.com)
  • HANOI (Reuters) - Vietnamese authorities on Wednesday conducted drills to prevent the spread of African swine fever should there be an outbreak of the disease in the country, as the risks of transmission from neighboring China increase. (reuters.com)
  • MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines confirmed on Sunday that African swine fever infections had spread in the south of the country, which accounts for nearly a third of the nation's 12.8 million pig herd. (yahoo.com)
  • PARIS (Reuters) - Laos has reported its first cases of African swine fever (ASF), confirming outbreaks in the southern province of Saravane, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Thursday. (reuters.com)
  • SOFIA (Reuters) - Bulgaria reported on Saturday an outbreak of African swine fever at a breeding farm for pigs near the Danube city of Ruse in the north east of the Balkan country. (reuters.com)
  • HONG KONG (Reuters Breakingviews) - African swine fever is nudging China towards peak pork. (reuters.com)
  • SOFIA (Reuters) - Bulgaria has detected another outbreak of African swine fever at a pig breeding farm near the north eastern city of Ruse, after the deadly virus was discovered earlier this month, the food safety agency said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • BEIJING (Reuters) - China detected African swine fever in pigs being transported to Guangxi region from outside provinces, the agriculture ministry said on Thursday. (reuters.com)
  • TAIPEI (Reuters) - Taiwan has begun testing hog herds and putting in place movement controls near where a dead pig infected with African swine fever washed ashore over the weekend, the government said on Tuesday, as it works to ensure the island remains free of the disease. (yahoo.com)
  • BEIJING (Reuters) - China will promote large-scale pig farming and reduce the number of small pig farms, the country's cabinet said on Wednesday in guidelines on African swine fever prevention and control. (yahoo.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Africa has set up a task force to look urgently into ways to prevent the spread of an African swine fever outbreak, the agriculture ministry said on Saturday. (reuters.com)
  • BEIJING, April 8 (Xinhua) -- China has confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in Nyingchi City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said. (xinhuanet.com)
  • According to a senior Chinese official, the outbreak of African swine fever damaged huge volumes of China's hog herd population at least 10 percent in the first quarter. (ibtimes.com)
  • China's pork prices will increase more than 70 percent next year as the stock of domesticated pig or hog will crash heavily because of raging African swine flu outbreak. (ibtimes.com)
  • First detected in August, the disease has killed more than 1 million pigs in China, prompting restrictions on shipments of most of China's 700 million swine, even healthy ones. (voanews.com)
  • FUZHOU, Nov. 9 (Xinhua) -- China has confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in east China's Fujian Province, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said Thursday. (xinhuanet.com)
  • A plague of epic proportions is ripping through the global pig population, and CNBC is warning that this unprecedented outbreak of African swine fever "could lead to significant shortages" of pork in the global marketplace. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • African swine fever has decimated the pig population in China and sent pork prices soaring . (cnbc.com)
  • Japan suspended imports of pork and live pigs from Germany after a case of African swine fever (ASF) was confirmed in a wild boar in eastern Germany, the agriculture ministry said. (mercopress.com)
  • Indonesia is tightening curbs on the transport of pigs and pork products after nearly 3,000 animals died in a new outbreak of African swine fever in an eastern province bordering East Timor, the agriculture ministry said on Friday. (mercopress.com)
  • South Korea on Tuesday reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from China to North Korea, pushing up pork prices worldwide. (mercopress.com)
  • In Vietnam , the world's sixth-largest pork producer, 25% of the country's total pig herd could be lost to African swine fever by year's end, according to Rabobank. (cnbc.com)
  • The spectre of African Swine Fever (ASF) rose its head in Sarawak recently when one out of 17 samples of canned pork luncheon meat imported from China was found to contain the ASF DNA . (thestar.com.my)
  • China has reported a new outbreak of African swine fever that is threatening the country's vital pork industry. (voanews.com)
  • African swine fever has spread rapidly in Eastern Europe and China, the world's largest pork producer, where new cases are appearing and the disease is traveling far distances. (voanews.com)
  • African swine fever: Dumplings without pork? (cnn.com)
  • A man transports piglets in Thanh Hoa province in Vietnam, a country heavily affected by African swine fever where pork accounts for three-quarters of the national meat consumption. (sciencemag.org)
  • China on Thursday reported another outbreak of African swine fever that threatens the country's crucial pork industry, but officials say they have the situation under control. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Pork prices in China will skyrocket more than 70 percent in the coming year as the stock of domesticated pigs known as hog will plunge to "historically low" levels because of raging African swine fever. (ibtimes.com)
  • These are just some of the measures Europe's top pork producer is taking to try to thwart the deadly African swine fever (ASF) that's roiled global meat trade and is moving ever closer to its borders. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Newswise - WASHINGTON - The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and the National Pork Board entered into a collaborative agreement to assess potential methods to disinfect and decontaminate surfaces from African Swine Fever (ASF) virus. (newswise.com)
  • Domestic pigs, feral pigs, pork products, and animal feed can spread the disease, and today ASF poses the greatest threat to America's swine industry, which is currently free of the disease. (newswise.com)
  • The National Pork Board's swine health committee met in January to discuss the latest research and findings in the area of swine health. (constantcontact.com)
  • Not to take away from other diseases, but if we get ASF in the U.S., we all lose," says Steve Brier, chairman of the National Pork Board's swine health committee. (constantcontact.com)
  • Patrick Webb, DVM, director of swine health programs for the National Pork Board, says the committee discussed where the U.S. was at in terms of preparedness and prevention and where the industry needed to go as a result of that discussion. (constantcontact.com)
  • Pork producers in Iowa and across the country are growing increasingly concerned about the threat of African Swine Fever (ASF). (radioiowa.com)
  • African Swine Fever is a devastating, deadly disease affecting all kinds of pigs, both domestic and wild - and keeping our pork industry safe is a top priority," said Sonny Perdue, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. (usda.gov)
  • Hormel Foods ( HRL ) - Get Report Thursday warned that the impact of African swine fever on hog and pork prices affected its quarterly sales, and would continue to impact revenue and earnings. (thestreet.com)
  • A second case of imported African swine fever to Hong Kong in a month will hit fresh supplies, and consumers with have to fork out more for pork. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • Europe's biggest pork exporter could be facing widespread bans on its pork in Asia after the first case of African swine fever was discovered in the carcass of a wild boar in the state of Brandenburg, close to the Polish border this week. (yahoo.com)
  • To protect the U.S. pork supply from a foreign animal disease outbreak, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection is advising swine owners and veterinarians about enhanced biosecurity practices, the medical signs for African swine fever, and how to report suspected cases of this disease. (wi.gov)
  • One of the deadliest swine viruses on earth, African swine fever (ASF), has spread for the first time to the world's largest pork producing country, China. (agriculture.com)
  • It is not a human pathogen, but ASF can be devastating to the health of swine and cause significant economic and production losses to farmers and pork processors 1 . (ecolab.com)
  • China, the world's largest pork producer, has culled 200,000 pigs from its herds due to the outbreak of African Swine Fever. (southeastagnet.com)
  • The U.S. suspended pork imports from Poland last week after an outbreak of African Swine Fever in that country. (southeastagnet.com)
  • A Rabobank report says the African Swine Fever virus has shifted the outlook for the global pork industry. (southeastagnet.com)
  • Undercooked or uncured pork like dry sausages have tested positive for African swine fever virus. (hstoday.us)
  • Mbarara veterinary authorities have disposed of more than 1000 kilograms of pork because of African swine fever. (independent.co.ug)
  • Dr. Moses Amanyire, the Veterinary Officer Mbarara Municipality, says the impounded pork was found to be contaminated with African swine fever. (independent.co.ug)
  • Erikan Mujuni, the Chairperson Kakombe Slaughter house, says that there is scarcity of pork in Mbarara because of the African swine fever. (independent.co.ug)
  • Naboth Mwesigwa, a Pork Dealer from Masha in Isingiro District, says they are counting loses because most of the pork inspected tests positive for African swine fever. (independent.co.ug)
  • Unlike swine flu, African swine fever cannot be transmitted to humans and Chan said well-cooked pork is safe for consumption. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • Concerns about the spread of Africa swine fever to the U.S. recently led organizers to cancel the World Pork Expo scheduled for June in the state of Iowa. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • Denmark, meanwhile, has begun erecting a 70-kilometer (43.4-mile) fence along the German border to keep out wild boars in an attempt to prevent the spread of African swine fever, which could jeopardize the country's valuable pork industry. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • There have been over 80 cases of the African swine fever virus showing up in sausages and other pork products illegally brought to Japan by foreign travelers. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • This action will restrict the importation of pork and pork products into the United States from Mauritius and is necessary to prevent the introduction of African swine fever into the United States. (federalregister.gov)
  • African Swine Fever does not affect humans. (fao.org)
  • A suspected case of African swine fever has been identified in the eastern state of Brandenburg, the Agriculture Ministry said late this week, referring to the virus that kills most infected pigs within 10 days but is not harmful to humans. (mercopress.com)
  • Though not harmful to humans, African swine fever is deadly to hogs, with no vaccine available. (cnbc.com)
  • African swine fever is a lethal disease that affects swine and wild boar, but which does not pass on to humans. (tulli.fi)
  • The swine fever virus can spread via foodstuffs, goods and humans. (tulli.fi)
  • African swine fever is believed to infect only pigs, and no humans or other species have thus far been infected. (xinhuanet.com)
  • African swine fever is not infective to humans, so there is no risk of it being transmitted to humans. (allafrica.com)
  • There is currently no vaccine for African swine fever, which is deadly for pigs, but cannot be transmitted to humans. (yahoo.com)
  • An outbreak of African Swine Fever, an infectious disease which is usually deadly for pigs but harmless to humans, in the north-east of Greece, has added another headache to EU policymakers in Brussels. (euractiv.com)
  • African swine fever does not transfer from swine to humans, and it does not affect humans. (wi.gov)
  • He notes that although African swine fever is not harmful to humans, it causes economic loss to pig farmers. (independent.co.ug)
  • African swine fever is fatal to pigs, though it doesn't harm humans. (yahoo.com)
  • ASF virus is a deadly pathogen that impacts domestic and feral swine but is not transmissible to humans and poses no direct threat to human health. (dhs.gov)
  • The disease is endemic in Sardinia, most countries of sub-Saharan Africa, and some West African countries. (usda.gov)
  • African swine fever, which affects only wild boars, warthogs, bush pigs and domestic pigs, is endemic in sub-Saharan and West Africa and was first detected in Kenya in 1921. (cnn.com)
  • African swine fever is endemic in sub - Saharan Africa. (europa.eu)
  • April 2014 - Experts said that the risk of African swine fever becoming endemic in Georgia, Armenia and Russia had increased from moderate to high since 2010, when EFSA carried out its last risk assessment. (europa.eu)
  • and to the giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni), all of which are endemic to Africa. (wur.nl)
  • Endemic in most of Africa, the ASF virus jumped to the nation of Georgia in 2007 and has since spread through Russia. (sciencemag.org)
  • ASFV is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and exists in the wild through a cycle of infection between ticks and wild pigs, bushpigs, and warthogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ASF virus is endemic to infected wild animals in Africa, but there have also repeatedly been outbreaks in southern Europe. (bund.de)
  • The disease is endemic in much of Asia, Central and South America, and parts of Europe and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • African swine fever affects pigs and wild boar and has spread in Eastern Europe in recent years. (yahoo.com)
  • South Korea on Friday confirmed its ninth African swine fever (ASF) case, sparking concerns over a massive spread of the deadly animal virus near the inter-Korean border. (koreatimes.co.kr)
  • In the wake of African swine fever (ASF) infections, local governments have canceled or postponed their own long-prepared festivals as part of efforts to stop the spread of the inf. (koreatimes.co.kr)
  • Bulgaria has stepped up measures to prevent the spread of deadly African swine fever after reporting more than 30 cases of the disease in several regions, including border provinces with Romania, in July. (reuters.com)
  • SEOUL, South Korea (AP) - South Korea on Wednesday confirmed a second case of African swine fever near its border with North Korea, raising concerns that the outbreak could spread and wreak havoc on the country's massive pig herds. (ap.org)
  • A report from January 21st state that the fever has already spread through a great number of the pigs in Kambundi Katembo and Luquembo. (healthmap.org)
  • I do not think I really expected African swine fever to spread with such ferocity," said Drew. (voanews.com)
  • SHANGHAI, CHINA- The spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Asia is taking a worrisome turn. (sciencemag.org)
  • MANILA, Philippines - The effects of the African swine fever on the country's demand for feeds may not be as severe as expected as the spread of disease is now tapering off. (philstar.com)
  • MANILA, Philippines - The Samahang Industriya ng Agrikultura (Sinag) is claiming that the deadly African swine fever (ASF) has already wiped out P135 billion from the livestock industry as the disease continues to spread in the country. (philstar.com)
  • As a proactive measure to address the spread of ASF virus occurring now in other parts of the world, scientists at S&T's Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) will evaluate commercial disinfectants and methods to decontaminate porous and non-porous surfaces typically associated with swine production facilities. (newswise.com)
  • Setlhako said the department has since been in talks with the South African Pig Producers Organization (SAPPO) to come up with a collaborative strategy to prevent the further spread of the disease, and work together on the ground to achieve efficient and effective control. (allafrica.com)
  • The analyst said the spread of African swine fever could inflate protein prices as early as the third quarter, he said in a note Thursday. (thestreet.com)
  • Vietnam's prime minister has called for "drastic measures" to fight the spread of African swine fever in the Southeast Asian country, state media reported on Tuesday. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Swine fever has not spread to the same extent in Europe, but there have been cases in around 10 European countries, particularly Poland. (yahoo.com)
  • If diagnosed on a premises, the animal and any other swine it was in contact with must be euthanized to prevent the spread of the disease. (wi.gov)
  • South Korea proposed working together with North Korea to stem the spread of the fever but the North has not responded to the offer. (koreaherald.com)
  • A Seoul official said that there have been no additional confirmed cases of the fever in North Korea but the North Korean newspaper's report on nationwide preventive efforts raised the possibility of its spread. (koreaherald.com)
  • We will make all efforts to stop the spread of the African swine fever through swift disinfection measures," Kim said. (agweb.com)
  • The African swine fever virus continues to spread, decimating hog populations across the globe. (upi.com)
  • The virus threatens to devastate the swine industry and is positioned to spread throughout Asia. (southeastagnet.com)
  • The disease emerged in Africa in the 1920s and spread among domestic and wild pigs. (hstoday.us)
  • The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published a new scientific report on the current status of the spread of African swine fever (ASF) within the EU. (ufz.de)
  • Compared with the previous year, African swine fever has spread further. (ufz.de)
  • Compared with the previous year, African swine fever has continued to spread. (ufz.de)
  • Washington - As African Swine Fever (ASF) continues to spread among pigs throughout parts of Asia, Africa and Europe, the U.S Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is helping the scientific community and government decisionmakers get ahead of this devastating animal disease. (dhs.gov)
  • African swine fever has spread across Asia since its outbreak in China last summer. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The guidelines stipulate that preventive culling is allowable only if there are no other measures available to prevent the spread of African swine fever. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Until now, effectively detecting live ASFV required collecting blood cells from a live donor swine for every diagnostic test, because the cells could only be used once. (usda.gov)
  • The new cell line is also commercially available to veterinary diagnostic labs that traditionally did not have access to swine blood cells needed to test for live ASFV. (usda.gov)
  • Recent outbreaks of ASFV outside the African continent started after a single introduction of ASFV in the Republic of Georgia in 2007. (usda.gov)
  • There is limited cross-protection between strains of African swine fever, likely because the antigens and degree of virulence differ among them, and none of the historical experimental vaccines have been shown to be effective against ASFV-G, said Dr. Gladue. (eurekalert.org)
  • African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large, double-stranded DNA virus in the Asfarviridae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • All ASFV p72 genotypes have been circulating in eastern and southern Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • SYDNEY - Australian scientists say it could be another five years before a vaccine is developed to protect pigs from African swine fever. (voanews.com)
  • Scientists have been working on a vaccine for 60 years, but because the African swine fever virus is so large and complex it is an immense task. (voanews.com)
  • I think we will not be able to control African swine fever until there is a vaccine available. (voanews.com)
  • Spanish scientists have developed an oral vaccine that reportedly immunizes Eurasian wild boars against African swine fever (ASF). (constantcontact.com)
  • Currently, there is no commercially available vaccine against African swine fever, which has been devastating the swine industry in Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia. (eurekalert.org)
  • There is currently no vaccine to protect swine in the event of an ASF outbreak. (newswise.com)
  • UPLB's swine unit is closed for disinfection and the farm will stay empty until repopulation is deemed safe, like when a vaccine becomes available, he said. (inquirer.net)
  • However, the complicated virus, which has no cure or vaccine, is causing major upheaval in the global swine industry. (agweb.com)
  • There is no approved vaccine against ASF, unlike classical swine fever (hog cholera) which is caused by a different virus 1 . (ecolab.com)
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists have developed a new African swine fever vaccine that is 100 percent protective against the disease in pigs tested in a lab. (upi.com)
  • Feb. 25 (UPI) -- The latest of the three vaccine candidates developed by U.S. government scientists to prevent African swine fever in pigs seems to show the most promise, those scientist say, but it might be years before any becomes commercially available. (upi.com)
  • In Spain, researchers have developed an oral vaccine that successfully immunized wild boars against African swine fever in early tests. (upi.com)
  • With a viable vaccine likely still years away, the American swine industry is focusing its efforts on keeping the virus out by stepping up border protection efforts, as well as biosecurity measures on farms. (upi.com)
  • There is no treatment or vaccine for the African Swine Fever, so the best you can do is to prevent it entering your farm. (pigprogress.net)
  • A qualitative assessment of the likelihood of African swine fever virus entry to the United States. (usda.gov)
  • Animals infected with mild strains of African swine fever virus may not show typical clinical signs. (europa.eu)
  • The African swine fever (ASF) virus is the sole member of the Asfarviridae family. (wur.nl)
  • By the mid-1990s, the virus had been eradicated everywhere outside of Africa, with the exception of the Italian island of Sardinia. (wur.nl)
  • In Africa, the reservoir of the African swine fever virus is found in the wild. (wur.nl)
  • Wild boar, as known in Eurasia, can also become infected with the African swine fever virus. (wur.nl)
  • This is a critical breakthrough and a tremendous step for African Swine Fever Virus diagnostics. (usda.gov)
  • Even though the virus is not currently present in the United States, the U.S. swine industry could suffer substantial economic losses should an outbreak occur. (usda.gov)
  • Five cans of luncheon meat seized from a returning overseas Filipino worker (OFW) at Clark International Airport tested positive for the African Swine Fever (ASF) virus, the Philippines agriculture secretary announced today on his Facebook account. (yahoo.com)
  • The detection of the virus in [the] seized products does not change Philippine's African Swine Fever-free status. (yahoo.com)
  • Hairpin loop structure of African swine fever virus DNA. (nih.gov)
  • The ends of African swine fever virus genome are formed by a 37 nucleotide-long hairpin loop composed, almost entirely, of incompletely paired A and T residues. (nih.gov)
  • An analysis of African swine fever virus replicating DNA showed head-to-head and tail-to-tail linked molecules that may be replicative intermediates. (nih.gov)
  • As you might expect, a large portion of their meeting was devoted to one particularly devastating virus - African swine fever (ASF). (constantcontact.com)
  • The virus is thought to be derived from a virus of soft tick (genus Ornithodoros) that infects wild swine, including giant forest hogs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni), warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus), and bushpigs (Potamochoerus porcus). (wikipedia.org)
  • African Swine Fever is caused by a virus that affects domestic pigs and wild boar. (africanews.com)
  • Swine fever is one of the most important virus diseases of pigs. (thepigsite.com)
  • The EN standard recognizes Bovine enterovirus Type 1 as the surrogate virus and can be applied to ASF virus inactivation. (ecolab.com)
  • South Korea said Friday it has found 19 more wild boars infected with the deadly African swine fever (ASF) virus in areas near the border with North Korea, bringing the total number of cases to 204. (koreaherald.com)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) is the most worrying of the virus diseases at present, writes management expert John. (pigprogress.net)
  • To make this program as effective and efficient as possible, USDA will add ASF testing to our existing classical swine fever (CSF) surveillance. (usda.gov)
  • USDA is working closely with other federal and state agencies, the swine industry, and producers to take the necessary actions to protect our nation's pigs and keep this disease out. (usda.gov)
  • USDA is implementing an African Swine Fever (ASF) surveillance plan to enhance its preparedness efforts. (constantcontact.com)
  • USDA plans to add ASF testing to its existing classical swine fever surveillance. (constantcontact.com)
  • USDA is committed to working closely with the swine industry and producers to ensure strict biosecurity procedures are in place and being followed on all swine farms. (usda.gov)
  • I think the most important thing we're doing from a USDA point of view is our coordination with the swine industry. (aginfo.com)
  • DHS S&T co-leads the African Swine Fever Task Force with USDA and coordinates with other federal agencies and domestic and international partners. (dhs.gov)
  • The island had a swine herd of around 3.7 million as of Jan. 1, government data shows, or 29% of the country's total. (yahoo.com)
  • Beyond tariffs, Chinese import demand for soybeans is likely to decline significantly as it deals with a ~30% reduction in its hog herd following the outbreak of African swine fever,' J.P. Morgan analysts said of Deere. (cnbc.com)
  • This is due not only to the trade war, but also the decline in soybean demand in China as a result of the reduction in the hog herd due to the outbreak of the African swine fever. (cnbc.com)
  • The latest African swine fever outbreak, detected in a herd of 200 piglets on a farm in Ordos city in the region, has killed 92 of the animals. (microbes.info)
  • Industry recommends that producers know where their feed is coming from to prevent exposing their herd to feed that could be contaminated with African swine fever, or other diseases of concern. (wi.gov)
  • An outbreak of African swine fever has killed 32 out of a herd of 36 pigs on a farm in the Ditsobotla district, North West. (timeslive.co.za)
  • When first introduced into the breeding herd it causes inappetence and high fevers. (thepigsite.com)
  • BEIJING: China found three new African swine fever cases on pig farms in Hunan, Jilin and Jiangxi provinces, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on Thursday. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • Ardanowski said the fence was aimed at protecting swine farms in the populous neighboring province near the city of Poznan. (nytimes.com)
  • Rommel Sulabo, IAS director, said the pigs were actually "healthy, with no signs typical of ASF," like fever or loss of appetite, but nevertheless had to be depopulated in early July, amid sporadic reports of infection in backyard farms in surrounding villages in Los Baños town. (inquirer.net)
  • The Croatian ministry of agriculture has announced new preventive measures which all farms must adopt in order to prevent the occurrence of the African swine fever (ASF) in the country. (euractiv.com)
  • Oke Aro farm, a co-operative settlement managed by the Lagos State government, is regarded as one of the biggest pig farms in West Africa. (newzimbabwe.com)
  • The culling measure is expected to apply to pig farms within several kilometers of facilities found to have African swine fever infections, according to the officials. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly. (europa.eu)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) is an infectious viral disease in domestic pigs and other pig-like animals, such as warthogs and the bushpig. (wur.nl)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease that only domestic pigs and wild boar are susceptible to. (wur.nl)
  • African swine fever is an acute viral disease (ASF) of domestic pigs that shows high fever and high mortality and extensive hemorrhaging of internal organs and the skin of the ears. (allafrica.com)
  • This viral disease, called African swine fever, can wreak havoc in a pig's body causing internal bleeding and resulting in almost 100 percent mortality of the infected pigs. (hstoday.us)
  • Initial research in the United States on African swine fever started in the 1970s when the viral disease was spreading through Spain and Portugal. (hstoday.us)
  • African swine fever is a viral disease that causes high fevers and haemorrhaging in pigs and wild boars. (thepigsite.com)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) is a viral disease which affects both domestic pigs and wild boar. (face.eu)
  • There is no cure for African swine fever, and when it hits a pig farm it spreads like wildfire. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • If swine fever spreads into Germany's farmed pig population, China would no longer classify the country as "disease free," which would have severe economic consequences for German pig farmers. (yahoo.com)
  • APHIS is furthering its overall African swine fever (ASF) preparedness efforts with the implementation of a surveillance plan. (usda.gov)
  • Brucella suis is on the rise in feral swine populations in the U.S. USDA's APHIS is issuing a draft policy statement through the Federal Select Agent Program on research with Brucella species in outdoor settings. (drovers.com)
  • The plan, titled Swine Hemorrhagic Fevers: African and Classical Swine Fever Integrated Surveillance Plan, is available in the "Technical Documents" section below. (usda.gov)
  • In common with other viral hemorrhagic fevers, the main target cells for replication are those of monocyte, macrophage lineage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical signs of African swine fever are similar to classical swine fever, and the two diseases normally have to be distinguished by laboratory diagnosis. (europa.eu)
  • African swine fever (ASF) and Classical Swine fever are caused by very similar viruses which are only distinguishable by laboratory testing. (thepigsite.com)
  • In the acute form of the disease caused by highly virulent strains, pigs may develop a high fever, but show no other noticeable symptoms for the first few days. (wikipedia.org)
  • With low-virulence strains, the only expression may be poor reproductive performance and the birth of piglets with neurologic defects such as congenital tremor The signs are indistinguishable from those of African swine fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday, citing a report from the South African agriculture ministry. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • A case of African swine fever has been detected in a Hong Kong slaughterhouse, prompting the culling of all 6,000 pigs at the facility. (voanews.com)
  • The only way to stop this disease is to depopulate all affected or exposed swine herds. (usda.gov)
  • 8 June 2007, Rome - Georgia has been hit by the devastating pig disease African Swine Fever, which could also threaten neighbouring countries, FAO said today. (fao.org)
  • The disease occurs primarily in Africa, more specifically in the countries south of the Sahara. (wur.nl)
  • The disease was first described in 1921, in Africa. (wur.nl)
  • The deadly African swine fever disease is much more severe than officially reported in China, leading to the death or killing of as many as half of the country's breeding pigs, according to some estimates in the industry. (reuters.com)
  • The world needs to rally under a new initiative to bring the deadly pig disease known as African Swine fever (ASF) under control. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • The research was motivated by the 2007 outbreak of African swine fever in the Republic of Georgia, said principal investigator Douglas P. Gladue, PhD, Senior Scientist, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture. (eurekalert.org)
  • The 2007 outbreak was also the genesis of the African swine fever that has been spreading through Eastern Europe and east Asia, said Manuel V. Borca, PhD, also a Senior Scientist at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • North Korea first reported African swine fever in May, when the disease was first detected near the China border. (upi.com)
  • North Korea first reported African swine fever in May, at its border with China, where the pig population may have been reduced by as much as 55 percent as a result of the disease, according to CNBC . (upi.com)
  • Pathogenesis of African swine fever in pigs naturally exposed to the disease. (nih.gov)
  • It is a long-standing disease found in countries around the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. (usda.gov)
  • SAN PEDRO CITY, Laguna, Philippines - The outbreak of the African swine fever (ASF) disease in Laguna province has forced the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) to temporarily shut down its swine experimental farm and terminate at least one ongoing research project. (inquirer.net)
  • Anticipating the disease to reach Los Baños in a matter of time, "we were already cutting down on swine research since early this year," by gradually reducing the number of pigs and increasing biosecurity measures in the facility, Sulabo said. (inquirer.net)
  • EU member states should apply strict biosecurity measures to combat African Swine Fever (ASF), a deadly pig disease which started spreading through Asia and Eastern Europe, an EU spokesperson told EURACTIV.com. (euractiv.com)
  • The area of the European Union affected by the African swine fever (ASF) is "progressively expanding", the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) said in its latest update on the disease, published on Thursday (30 January). (euractiv.com)
  • If you suspect any foreign animal disease of swine report this immediately to your veterinarian who will make a medical determination. (wi.gov)
  • North Korea's official newspaper confirmed an outbreak of African swine fever in the country on Wednesday, its first acknowledgment of the disease since Pyongyang reported a case to an international organization last month, saying nationwide efforts are under way to prevent its spreading. (koreaherald.com)
  • This is a key area of potential high risk of disease transport to U.S. swine herds. (agriculture.com)
  • There was no sign of disease or fever in the animals. (upi.com)
  • The disease has a mortality rate of up to 90% and was first identified in sub-Saharan Africa in 2007. (fwi.co.uk)
  • The African Swine Fever Task Force was born, based out of S&T's Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC). (hstoday.us)
  • African swine fever, indigenous to Africa, infects only domestic and wild pigs and a species of soft ticks that transmits the disease. (hstoday.us)
  • PIADC resumed the research in 2008 under the leadership of Dr. Manuel Borca, a world renowned scientist for his work on African swine fever, after the disease broke out in the Republic of Georgia. (hstoday.us)
  • As African swine fever has been spreading rapidly through Eastern Europe and now threatens to make inroads to the west, a cohort of Ukrainian lab technicians is now trained in the latest and most effective methods for diagnosing the disease and containing the epidemic, reports FAO. (thepigsite.com)
  • While the disease poses no danger to human health or to other animals, it threatens the entire European swine industry, jeopardising livelihoods, food security and nutrition. (thepigsite.com)
  • The agriculture ministry will seek to allow pig culls as a preventive measure against African swine fever, something not currently permitted by the law, if the disease is detected in Japan. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Severe cases of the disease appear very similar to African swine fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • African swine fever has decimated pig herds in China and other Asian countries before reaching the Koreas. (startribune.com)
  • Press reports suggest that Philipinnes reported incidents this week bringing it closer to Australia's shore, while China has been dealt a severe blow after African swine fever wiped out about one-third of its hog herds, South China Morning Post reported . (euractiv.com)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is now present in more than 50 countries, spreading as far west as Belgium in wild boar and in commercial herds to within 12km of the German border. (fwi.co.uk)
  • We know the swine industry has many biosecurity resources available for their producers, so it's just a matter of making sure everyone follows the guidance, every day, every time. (usda.gov)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is spreading in the EU, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has concluded in a new report. (bva.co.uk)
  • It causes malaise, fever, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, disseminated intravascular coagulation (where blood clots develop abnormally in the bloodstream) and death in both wild and domestic pigs. (thestar.com.my)
  • Sonowal directed the district administration that in view of African swine fever movement of domestic pigs are restricted so as to stop further infection. (indiatimes.com)
  • When the first case of African swine fever was reported in China last August, nobody was really too concerned at the time. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Chinese commodities trader COFCO said it expects a sharp drop in the number of soybeans it will source for export from Brazil this year due to an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in China that has hurt demand for animal feed. (mercopress.com)
  • China said on Monday a new case of African swine fever was found in piglets illegally transported to the Inner Mongolia region. (microbes.info)
  • In the past also, China had such swine upheavals, or "hog cycles. (ibtimes.com)
  • African Swine Fever is spreading across hog facilities in China and now Europe and has domestic producers' concern going up. (aginfo.com)
  • African swine fever continues to be a significant problem in China. (southeastagnet.com)
  • A handful of economists tell Politico that the African Swine Fever outbreak in China and parts of Europe won't have a major impact on U.S. exports. (southeastagnet.com)
  • China says the outbreak of African swine fever likely stems from the feeding of food scraps to pigs. (southeastagnet.com)
  • Yu said African swine fever outbreaks are generally under control in China as prevention and control measures have been effective. (china.org.cn)
  • As African Swine Fever continues to make more victims in China, it is wise for any pig farmer worldwide to know. (pigprogress.net)
  • If this fever infects our pigs, it will be a major hit to the economy, society, environment and food security," Chinh said. (reuters.com)
  • SEOUL, South Korea - South Korea is culling thousands of pigs after confirming African swine fever at a farm near its border with North Korea, which had an outbreak in May. (startribune.com)
  • In September, South Korea began to deploy troops to the demilitarized zone to guard against African swine fever. (upi.com)
  • In this April 29, 2009, file photo, a South Korean farmer sprays disinfectant against a possible swine flu outbreak at a port farm in Paju, South Korea. (koreaherald.com)
  • South Korea discovered its first outbreak of deadly African swine fever (ASF) at a pig farm in Paju, South Korea's Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs said on Tuesday. (agweb.com)
  • People travelling to Finland from abroad play a key role in the prevention of African swine fever and other similar animal diseases. (tulli.fi)
  • Upon further investigation by the Provincial Veterinary Services, the significance of this outbreak is that, it is both 10km outside the World Organization for Epizootic diseases (OIE) recognised African swine fever control zone in the North West and away from Molemane Game Reserve," Setlhako said. (allafrica.com)
  • 1. https://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/animal-diseases/african-swine-fever/#A 2. (ecolab.com)
  • In the Pig Progress Health Tool a lot of pig diseases are described, including African Swine Fever. (pigprogress.net)
  • So far, no African swine fever infections have been reported in pigs in the country, Azul said. (yahoo.com)
  • Ukraine is hoping to prevent an outbreak of African swine fever. (healthmap.org)
  • The Forum will bring together invited government and industry leaders and decision makers to discuss the threat of African swine fever (ASF) to the Americas, to learn from experiences from recent outbreaks in Europe and Asia, and to develop a roadmap for working with government and industry partners and international organizations to prevent and respond to the threat of ASF. (gc.ca)
  • For us, it's important to inform everybody - to inform tourists, to inform the farmers, and to prevent swine fever. (insurancejournal.com)
  • USDA's "Beagle Brigade" Helping to Prevent African Swine Fever from Entering U.S. (usda.gov)
  • K-State Focusing on How to Prevent African Swine Fever in the U.S. (southeastagnet.com)
  • Bulgarian veterinary authorities said on Friday they would cull 24,000 pigs after detecting an outbreak of African swine fever at a pig farm in the northeast of the country. (mercopress.com)
  • A senior Lithuanian veterinary official has played down Belgium's suspicions that African swine fever (ASF) could have been brought to the country from the. (delfi.lt)
  • Cases of deadly African swine fever in western Poland, some 40 kilometers (24 miles) from the German border, have led Poland's veterinary authorities to seal off forests and terrain in that area. (news4jax.com)
  • The technicians, coming from veterinary medicine laboratories across Ukraine, were trained to accurately and efficiently diagnose African swine fever using molecular genetics and serological research methods. (thepigsite.com)
  • This involves partnering with the swine industry, producers, CBP, and the travelling public to help ensure we protect American agriculture. (usda.gov)
  • Greg Ibach, Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, says efforts are underway to coordinate with the swine industry on African Swine Fever issues. (aginfo.com)
  • African swine fever likely will create a meaningful, multi-year upswing in protein prices and the potential magnitude and duration of impact across the restaurant industry is underestimated, in our view,' Strelzik wrote in a note to clients. (marketwatch.com)
  • African swine fever is the biggest threat to commercial pig production the industry has ever seen, according to the World Organization for Animal Health. (fwi.co.uk)
  • We put together the Task Force to tackle, over the next three years, this new threat for our swine industry. (hstoday.us)
  • Global health officials are preparing for African swine fever, which has been spreading in pigs across borders since 2014, reaching Western Europe last week. (cnn.com)
  • Producers have been very concerned about the risk of African swine fever," said Jen Sorenson, vice president of the council's board. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA. (europa.eu)
  • The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland at the beginning of 2014. (europa.eu)
  • March 2017 - An epidemiological analysis by EFSA and Member States concluded that African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland. (europa.eu)
  • WARSAW, Poland - An outbreak of African swine fever in Poland near the German border has killed 21 wild boar, the agriculture minister said Wednesday. (nytimes.com)
  • The North West Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development Department has dispatched a team of veterinarians and animal health technicians to deal with the case of African Swine Fever (ASF) reported in Doornhoek farm near Lichtenburg Town. (allafrica.com)
  • Japan detected their first case of infectious African swine fever in late March. (hstoday.us)
  • Vietnam has confirmed the first African swine fever cases in three provinces. (bangkokpost.com)
  • From Feb. 1 to March 3, the fever was found in 202 households in seven cities or provinces in northern Vietnam, including in the capital, Hanoi, Vietnam's government website reported. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Lithuania's agriculture minister plans to propose encouraging farmers to renounce pig farming as swine fever is spreading in the country. (delfi.lt)
  • Other reasons for the shortage are pig farmers turning reluctant to increase hog stock fearing swine fever despite the lure of higher prices. (ibtimes.com)
  • Lithuania reported cases of African swine fever in wild boar for the first time in January 2014. (europa.eu)
  • South Africa has detected cases of African Swine Fever in the Eastern Cape Province. (africanews.com)
  • The third scenario - isolated cases of African swine fever - is currently of particular public interest and therefore in the focus of the UFZ modellers. (ufz.de)
  • However, the management considerations to fight African swine fever only make sense in the event of isolated cases. (ufz.de)
  • The Department of Homeland Security is taking this threat extremely seriously, and they are going to do all they can to keep African swine fever from crossing our borders. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • African Swine Fever is infectious among pigs and causes hemorrhaging and myocardial infarction in the pig. (healthmap.org)
  • African swine fever, which is rampant in Asia, is more infectious than the standard swine fever currently found in central Japan and does not have an effective cure. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Stocks that are most prone to swine fever fears include Bloomin' Brands, Phibro, Darling Ingredients, Deere, and Hormel, according to Wall Street analysts. (cnbc.com)
  • Recent analysis has estimated that up to 30% of Chinese swine production could be lost to ASF, and Phibro's management fears that this estimate could be low,' analysts at Gabelli said. (cnbc.com)
  • Recent analysis has estimated that up to 30% of Chinese swine production (up to 200 million pigs) could be lost to ASF, and Phibro's management fears that this estimate could be low. (cnbc.com)
  • Chipotle shares are falling after an analyst at BMO Capital downgrades the stock to underperform on fears that swine fever could inflate protein prices. (thestreet.com)
  • Pigs can acquire African Swine Fever by eating infected meat or tissues, by direct contact with an infected pig, and by contact with contaminated material and equipment, such as buckets, needles, clothing and vehicles. (fao.org)
  • It is recommended for travellers to avoid private importation of all meat products containing swine or wild boar meat as gifts or travel snacks from countries where African swine fever has been detected, for example Estonia. (tulli.fi)
  • This article, Chinese luncheon meat seized from returning OFW tests positive for African Swine Fever , originally appeared on Coconuts , Asia's leading alternative media company. (yahoo.com)
  • This meat is suspected to have African Swine Fever. (independent.co.ug)
  • Their role can certainly not be compared to that of the wild African suids. (wur.nl)
  • Yonhap reported Tuesday a total of 12 wild boar have tested positive for African swine fever at the South's side of the border. (upi.com)
  • Wild pigs in Africa such as warthogs and bush pigs are natural carriers. (africanews.com)
  • Do not leave food waste exposed for wild swine species to access. (thepigsite.com)
  • GUWAHATI: In view of African swine fever infection reported in different parts of the state, Assam chief minister Sarbananda Sonowal directed the administration of all the five districts to ensure that intermingling of domestic and wild pigs does not take place. (indiatimes.com)
  • African Swine Fever (ASF) is slowly creeping towards western Europe, affecting mostly wild boar populations. (pigprogress.net)