African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Iridoviridae: A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.Classical swine fever virus: A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.Classical Swine Fever: An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.Asfarviridae: A family of double-stranded DNA viruses containing one genus Asfivirus. It is the source of AFRICAN SWINE FEVER.Ornithodoros: A genus of softbacked TICKS, in the family ARGASIDAE, serving as the vector of BORRELIA, causing RELAPSING FEVER, and of the AFRICAN SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Hemadsorption: A phenomenon manifested by an agent or substance adhering to or being adsorbed on the surface of a red blood cell, as tuberculin can be adsorbed on red blood cells under certain conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed)Viral Structural Proteins: Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Polyproteins: Proteins which are synthesized as a single polymer and then cleaved into several distinct proteins.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Solid Waste: Garbage, refuse, or sludge, or other discarded materials from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, and air pollution control facility that include solid, semi-solid, or contained material. It does not include materials dissolved in domestic sewage, irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges.Argasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.ArtiodactylaTicks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Virion: The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.Macrophages: The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Swine, Miniature: Genetically developed small pigs for use in biomedical research. There are several strains - Yucatan miniature, Sinclair miniature, and Minnesota miniature.

Modulation of monocytic cell activity and virus susceptibility during differentiation into macrophages. (1/107)

A major component of innate immune responses relies on monocytes and macrophages, virus infection of which will pose a particular problem for immunological defense. Consequently, the monocytic cell differentiation pathway was analyzed in terms of cellular modulations therein and their relation to monocytotropic virus infection. Differentiation was characterized by down-regulation of CD14, MHC Ags, the monocytic SWC1 marker, and p53; concomitant up-regulation of the SWC9 macrophage marker, a putative porcine CD80 (detected with anti-human CD80 Ab), and acid phosphatase secretion were also characteristic. Elevated phagocytic and endocytic activities as well as endosomal/lysosomal acidification were identified as being important to the macrophage. In contrast, monocytes possessed high accessory activity. This was multifactorial, concomitantly requiring 1) high MHC Ag expression; 2) enzyme activity of esterase, peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, and 5' nucleotidase in preference to glucosidase, galactosidase, and glucuronidase; and 3) elevated capacity for spontaneous IL-1 production. Only with all parameters was efficient stimulation of Ag-specific lymphocytes possible. These results point to a continuous process during differentiation, involving inter-related characteristics linking the more accessory monocyte to the scavenger macrophage, both in vitro and in vivo. Of particular interest was how these characteristics related to monocytotropic virus infection, and how a particular virus could show a clear preference for the differentiating macrophages. Such results not only further our understanding of porcine immunology, but also provide evidence and a potential model for the determination and characterization of monocytotropic virus-host cell interactions.  (+info)

African swine fever virus: a B cell-mitogenic virus in vivo and in vitro. (2/107)

The two major characteristics of pathogenesis in African swine fever virus (ASFV) infections of domestic pigs are massive B-cell apoptosis and haemorrhage. The effects of ASFV on porcine B cells have therefore been systematically examined in vivo, by using virus-infected pigs and SCID-Beige mice reconstituted with porcine bone marrow, and in vitro, by using porcine B-cell lines and B cells from normal and ASFV-infected pigs. Secretion of porcine Ig was stimulated by ASFV both in vivo and in bone marrow cultures in vitro, with the virulent Malawi isolate of ASFV being the most effective. Stimulation of Ig secretion in vitro depended on the presence of ASFV-infected macrophages and did not occur with supernatants from ASFV-infected macrophages. Although the virus alone did not stimulate proliferation of purified B cells in vitro, it was co-stimulatory with CD154 (CD40 ligand). The B cells recovered from ASFV-infected porcine lymphoid tissue were of activated surface marker phenotypes and, interestingly, expressed diminished levels of the B-cell co-stimulatory surface molecule CD21. In addition, they were highly sensitive to IL-4 and CD154. These results may be integrated into a model of pathogenesis in which those B cells activated indirectly as a result of virulent ASFV infection of macrophages are not rescued from apoptosis through interaction with CD154, due to the drastic depletion of T cells that occurs early in infection. The consequently diminished specific anti-ASFV antibody response would favour survival of the virus, with the non-specific hypergammaglobulinaemia being perhaps another example of pathogen-mediated immune deviation.  (+info)

African swine fever virus replication in the midgut epithelium is required for infection of Ornithodoros ticks. (3/107)

Although the Malawi Lil20/1 (MAL) strain of African swine fever virus (ASFV) was isolated from Ornithodoros sp. ticks, our attempts to experimentally infect ticks by feeding them this strain failed. Ten different collections of Ornithodorus porcinus porcinus ticks and one collection of O. porcinus domesticus ticks were orally exposed to a high titer of MAL. At 3 weeks postinoculation (p.i.), <25% of the ticks contained detectable virus, with viral titers of <4 log(10) 50% hemadsorbing doses/ml. Viral titers declined to undetectability in >90% of the ticks by 5 weeks p.i. To further study the growth defect, O. porcinus porcinus ticks were orally exposed to MAL and assayed at regular intervals p.i. Whole-tick viral titers dramatically declined (>1,000-fold) between 2 and 6 days p.i., and by 18 days p.i., viral titers were below the detection limit. In contrast, viral titers of ticks orally exposed to a tick-competent ASFV isolate, Pretoriuskop/96/4/1 (Pr4), increased 10-fold by 10 days p.i. and 50-fold by 14 days p.i. Early viral gene expression, but not extensive late gene expression or viral DNA synthesis, was detected in the midguts of ticks orally exposed to MAL. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrated that progeny virus was rarely present in ticks orally exposed to MAL and, when present, was associated with extensive cytopathology of phagocytic midgut epithelial cells. To determine if viral replication was restricted only in the midgut epithelium, parenteral inoculations into the hemocoel were performed. With inoculation by this route, a persistent infection was established although a delay in generalization of MAL was detected and viral titers in most tissues were typically 10- to 1,000-fold lower than those of ticks injected with Pr4. MAL was detected in both the salivary secretion and coxal fluid following feeding but less frequently and at a lower titer compared to Pr4. Transovarial transmission of MAL was not detected after two gonotrophic cycles. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrated that, when injected, MAL replicated in a number of cell types but failed to replicate in midgut epithelial cells. In contrast, ticks injected with Pr4 had replicating virus in midgut epithelial cells. Together, these results indicate that MAL replication is restricted in midgut epithelial cells. This finding demonstrates the importance of viral replication in the midgut for successful ASFV infection of the arthropod host.  (+info)

African swine fever virus dUTPase is a highly specific enzyme required for efficient replication in swine macrophages. (4/107)

The African swine fever virus (ASFV) gene E165R, which is homologous to dUTPases, has been characterized. A multiple alignment of dUTPases showed the conservation in ASFV dUTPase of the motifs that define this protein family. A biochemical analysis of the purified recombinant enzyme showed that the virus dUTPase is a trimeric, highly specific enzyme that requires a divalent cation for activity. The enzyme is most probably complexed with Mg(2+), the preferred cation, and has an apparent K(m) for dUTP of 1 microM. Northern and Western blotting, as well as immunofluorescence analyses, indicated that the enzyme is expressed at early and late times of infection and is localized in the cytoplasm of the infected cells. On the other hand, an ASFV dUTPase-deletion mutant (vDeltaE165R) has been obtained. Growth kinetics showed that vDeltaE165R replicates as efficiently as parental virus in Vero cells but only to 10% or less of parental virus in swine macrophages. Our results suggest that the dUTPase activity is dispensable for virus replication in dividing cells but is required for productive infection in nondividing swine macrophages, the natural host cell for the virus. The viral dUTPase may play a role in lowering the dUTP concentration in natural infections to minimize misincorporation of deoxyuridine into the viral DNA and ensure the fidelity of genome replication.  (+info)

Intermediate stages in monocyte-macrophage differentiation modulate phenotype and susceptibility to virus infection. (5/107)

The kinetics of monocyte-macrophage differentiation was analysed using two Swine Workshop Cluster (SWC) CD molecules: SWC1 and SWC9. Myeloid cells were selected by labelling for the common myeloid antigen, SWC3. Confirmation of macrophage identification used acid phosphatase and phagocytosis activities. During differentiation, SWC1 was gradually lost. SWC9 was absent on monocytes but up-regulated early. Consequently, monocytes were SWC1+ SWC9- and macrophages were SWC1- SWC9+. An additional, intermediate, cell population was identified as SWC1+ SWC9+. Size and granularity characteristics mirrored the monocyte, macrophage and intermediate-cell phenotypes. Overall, SWC9 up-regulation was central in macrophage differentiation and dependent on plasma factors. The concomitant loss of SWC1 was independent of these factors, but always associated with mature macrophages. Upon up-regulation of SWC9, the SWC1+ SWC9+ intermediate monocytic cells became susceptible to African swine fever virus infection. These results demonstrate the heterogeneity of monocytic cell differentiation and the importance of these characteristics for interaction with monocytotropic viruses.  (+info)

An African swine fever virus ORF with similarity to C-type lectins is non-essential for growth in swine macrophages in vitro and for virus virulence in domestic swine. (6/107)

An African swine fever virus (ASFV) ORF, 8CR, with similarity to the C-type lectin family of adhesion proteins has been described in the pathogenic isolate Malawi Lil-20/1. The similarity of 8CR to cellular and poxvirus genes associated with cell adhesion, cell recognition and virus infectivity suggested that 8CR may be of significance to ASFV-host cell interactions. Sequence analysis of the 8CR ORF from additional pathogenic ASFV isolates demonstrated conservation among isolates from both pig and tick sources. Northern blot analysis demonstrated 8CR mRNA transcription late in the virus replication cycle. A Malawi Lil-20/1 8CR deletion mutant (delta8CR) was constructed to analyse 8CR function further. The growth characteristics in vitro of delta8CR in porcine macrophage cell cultures were identical to those observed for parental virus. In domestic swine, delta8CR exhibited an unaltered parental Malawi Lil-20/1 disease and virulence phenotype. Thus, although well conserved among pathogenic ASFV field isolates, 8CR is non-essential for growth in porcine macrophages in vitro and for virus virulence in domestic swine.  (+info)

An African swine fever virus ERV1-ALR homologue, 9GL, affects virion maturation and viral growth in macrophages and viral virulence in swine. (7/107)

The African swine fever virus (ASFV) genome contains a gene, 9GL, with similarity to yeast ERV1 and ALR genes. ERV1 has been shown to function in oxidative phosphorylation and in cell growth, while ALR has hepatotrophic activity. 9GL encodes a protein of 119 amino acids and was highly conserved at both nucleotide and amino acid levels among all ASFV field isolates examined. Monospecific rabbit polyclonal antibody produced to a glutathione S-transferase-9GL fusion protein specifically immunoprecipitated a 14-kDa protein from macrophage cell cultures infected with the ASFV isolate Malawi Lil-20/1 (MAL). Time course analysis and viral DNA synthesis inhibitor experiments indicated that p14 was a late viral protein. A 9GL gene deletion mutant of MAL (Delta9GL), exhibited a growth defect in macrophages of approximately 2 log(10) units and had a small-plaque phenotype compared to either a revertant (9GL-R) or the parental virus. 9GL affected normal virion maturation; virions containing acentric nucleoid structures comprised 90 to 99% of all virions observed in Delta9GL-infected macrophages. The Delta9GL virus was markedly attenuated in swine. In contrast to 9GL-R infection, where mortality was 100%, all Delta9GL-infected animals survived infection. With the exception of a transient fever response in some animals, Delta9GL-infected animals remained clinically normal and exhibited significant 100- to 10,000-fold reductions in viremia titers. All pigs previously infected with Delta9GL survived infection when subsequently challenged with a lethal dose of virulent parental MAL. Thus, ASFV 9GL gene deletion mutants may prove useful as live-attenuated ASF vaccines.  (+info)

Effects of chlorine, iodine, and quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants on several exotic disease viruses. (8/107)

The effects of three representative disinfectants, chlorine (sodium hypochlorite), iodine (potassium tetraglicine triiodide), and quaternary ammonium compound (didecyldimethylammonium chloride), on several exotic disease viruses were examined. The viruses used were four enveloped viruses (vesicular stomatitis virus, African swine fever virus, equine viral arteritis virus, and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus) and two non-enveloped viruses (swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV)). Chlorine was effective against all viruses except SVDV at concentrations of 0.03% to 0.0075%, and a dose response was observed. Iodine was very effective against all viruses at concentrations of 0.015% to 0.0075%, but a dose response was not observed. Quaternary ammonium compound was very effective in low concentration of 0.003% against four enveloped viruses and AHSV, but it was only effective against SVDV with 0.05% NaOH. Electron microscopic observation revealed the probable mechanism of each disinfectant. Chlorine caused complete degeneration of the viral particles and also destroyed the nucleic acid of the viruses. Iodine destroyed mainly the inner components including nucleic acid of the viruses. Quaternary ammonium compound induced detachment of the envelope of the enveloped viruses and formation of micelle in non-enveloped viruses. According to these results, chlorine and iodine disinfectants were quite effective against most of the viruses used at adequately high concentration. The effective concentration of quaternary ammonium compound was the lowest among the disinfectants examined.  (+info)

*Ticks of domestic animals

The virus of Nairobi sheep disease in East Africa is transmitted by Rhipicephalus ticks. African swine fever is naturally ... Theileria parva is the causative microbe of East Coast fever of cattle in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa. Theileria ... link) De Vos, A.I. (1979). "Epidemiology add control of bovine babesiosis in South Africa" (PDF). Journal of the South African ... and Hyalomma turanicum over a wide area of Africa, Europe, and Asia. In cattle and sheep, it causes mild fever and its main ...

*African swine fever virus

... (ASFV) is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). The virus causes a haemorrhagic fever ... In July, 3 farms discovered African swine fever in Estonia. [...] African swine fever spreads to farmed pigs, 500 animals to be ... "Russia bans hogs and pork from Belarus on African swine fever". Bloomberg. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2014-01-27. African swine ... an outbreak of African swine fever was reported in Ukraine. In June 2013, an outbreak was reported in Belarus. African swine ...

*Classical swine fever

The signs are indistinguishable from those of African swine fever. A small fraction of the infected pigs may survive and are ... is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs). Swine fever causes fever, skin lesions, convulsions, ... Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) ... doi:10.1016/S1090-0233(02)00112-0. CSF page of Pig Disease Information Centre (UK) Current status of Classical Swine Fever ...

*Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses

This virus is the cause of African swine fever. Some of the symptoms for this flu include fever, high pulse, fast breathing, ... "African swine fever (ASF) , animal disease". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-07. "Iridoviridae-Iridoviridae-dsDNA ... These symptoms can be similar to those from hog cholera, the difference is that the African swine flu can not be cured. There ...

*Viroplasm

Salas, María L.; Andrés, Germán (2013). "African swine fever virus morphogenesis". Virus Research. 173: 29-41. doi:10.1016/j. ...

*Economy of Ivory Coast

Pork production is periodically affected by African swine fever; potential increases are limited by the fact that Muslims (who ... Economy of Ivory Coast at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Ivory Coast latest trade data on ITC Trade Map West African Agricultural ... The project is run by the Benin Ministry of Agriculture, and a number of European, African, and United Nations agencies.. ... Fishing In 1964 a modern fishing wharf was opened at Abidjan, which is Africa's largest tuna fishing port, handling about ...

*GALVmed

African swine fever Poultry diseases: Newcastle disease Multi-species diseases: Rift Valley fever (zoonotic) Twenty different ... In addition, exploratory activities were undertaken on African swine fever. By the end of phase 1, DFID reported that GALVmed ... During phase 1, GALVmed focused on four key diseases: East Coast fever (ECF) that affects cattle, Rift Valley fever (RVF)that ... In December 2014, CTTBD became the African Union centre of excellence in ECF vaccine production within Africa when it began ...

*Thymidine kinase in clinical chemistry

"Sequence and evolutionary relationships of African swine fever virus thymidine kinase". Virology. 178 (1): 301-4. doi:10.1016/ ...

*Desert warthog

... s were experimentally infected with the virus that causes African swine fever. It was found that the warthogs ... with African swine fever virus". Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. 47 (1): 19-22. ISSN 0030-2465. Child, Graham; ... During the late nineteenth century, P. aethiopicus became extinct in South Africa. Subsequently, study of mDNA as well as ... The desert warthog is native to the Horn of Africa. Its current range extends from southeastern Ethiopia through western ...

*Thymidine kinase

The thymidine kinases from pox viruses, African swine fever virus, Herpes simplex virus, Varicella zoster virus and Epstein- ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) and Fish lymphocystis disease virus (FLDV). The major capsid protein of insect iridescent ... "Sequence and evolutionary relationships of African swine fever virus thymidine kinase". Virology. 178 (1): 301-4. doi:10.1016/ ...

*Agriculture in Spain

At times African swine fever was a serious impediment to pork exports. Poultry raising had also expanded rapidly, and the ... Merino sheep, the best known breed, were probably imported from North Africa, and they were well adapted to semiarid conditions ...

*John Burns Brooksby

His research also extended into African swine fever and blue tongue viruses. He prepared the UK for an epidemic of swine ... His advice was taken on an international level, and he played a strong role in disease control both in Africa and the Middle ...

*Carios erraticus

The tick transmits the African swine fever virus only in Spain and Portugal. The tick feeds at night, ingesting blood to ... This species carries the pathogenic Qalyub and African swine fever viruses and the spirochetes Borrelia crocidurae and Borrelia ... "Distribution and biology of Ornithodoros erraticus in parts of Spain affected by African swine fever". The Veterinary Record. ...

*PEPPADEP

African Swine Fever, though it endangers neither humans nor other animals, decimates swine populations because it has neither ... "eliminate the debilitating effects of ASF African Swine Fever in Haiti and to begin development of a productive swine industry ... Studies indicated that if African Swine Fever ever came to the United States it could wreak $150 million to $5 billion worth of ... Disease factsheet: African Swine Fever Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine.. ...

*GALNT2

"African Swine Fever Virus Causes Microtubule-Dependent Dispersal of trans-Golgi Network" (PDF). Bennett EP, Hassan H, Clausen H ...

*Creole pig

In the early 1980s an outbreak of African swine fever hit the neighboring Dominican Republic. Officials feared the flu might ...

*Asfarviridae

... resulting in an onset of African swine fever. The name of this family and genus are derived from the acronym: African swine ... Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Asfarviridae Genus: Asfivirus African swine fever virus The virons consist of an ... The Asfaravirus infect insects and swine and the Faustavirus infects amoebae. The viruses in the Asfivirus genus infects swine ... This family was originally confined to Africa but has since spread to southern Europe and the Caribbean islands. Index of ...

*Giant virus

... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus". ...

*Immunoglobulin C2-set domain

Kutish GF, Rock DL, Afonso CL, Borca MV, Irusta P, Carrillo C, Brun A, Sussman M (1994). "An African swine fever virus gene ... CD2 displays structural and functional similarities with African swine fever virus (ASFV) LMW8-DR, a protein that is involved ...

*National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease

Diseases of primary concern are: classical swine fever, African swine fever, Newcastle disease, and notifiable avian influenza ... Rift Valley fever, capripox, lumpy skin disease, glanders, and classical swine fever. Animal Care - The Animal Care Unit ... In addition to OIE Reference Laboratory status for classical swine fever and avian influenza, this Section is also the National ... NCFAD is organized into several Sections and Units: Classical Swine Fever/Avian Influenza - This Section provides diagnostic ...

*DNA virus

... the African swine fever virus (Asfarviridae), Chlorella viruses (Phycodnaviridae) and poxviruses (Poxviridae). Based on the ... The pol genes of the African swine fever virus (Asfarviridae), baculoviruses (Baculoviridae), fish herpesvirus (Herpesviridae ... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus". ... cause human adenovirus infection Family Ampullaviridae Family Ascoviridae Family Asfarviridae-includes African swine fever ...

*Leroy Coggins

... (1932-2013) was a virologist who developed tests for African swine fever and equine infectious anemia. The latter ...

*Economy of the Dominican Republic

The hog population was decimated by African swine fever, decreasing from 400,000 in 1978 to 20,000 in 1979; by 2001, however, ...

*Radioimmunoprecipitation assay buffer

"Comparison of a radioimmunoprecipitation assay to immunoblotting and ELISA for detection of antibody to African swine fever ...

*Cassia sieberiana

... and African swine fever virus. In the same study, it was shown that the roots contain flavonoids, anthracenic derivatives, and ... It is used for multiple medical purposes in Africa and is found in the secondary jungle of a forest. Individuals of this ... Cassia sieberiana, drumstick tree, is a tree in the Fabaceae family native to Africa. It ranges from 10-20 metres in height and ... It is also found in East Africa. Cassia sieberiana grows best in well drained, humid soils with an annual rainfall of ...

*Aflatoxin B1

Exposure is therefore most common in Southeast Asia, South America, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Aflatoxin B1 can permeate through ... Occupational exposure to aflatoxin B1 has also been reported in swine and poultry production. While aflatoxin B1 contamination ... Symptoms include anorexia, malaise, and low-grade fever. Subacute toxicity Subacute toxicity studies of aflatoxin B1 in animals ... "Occupational Exposure to Aflatoxin B1in Swine Production and Possible Contamination Sources". Journal of Toxicology and ...
African swine fever virus used to occur primarily in Africa. There had been occasional incursions into Europe or America which apart from the endemic situation on the island of Sardinia always had been successfully controlled. But following an introduction of the virus in 2007, it now has expanded its geographical distribution into Caucasus and Eastern Europe where it has not been controlled, to date. African swine fever affects domestic and wild pig species, and can involve tick vectors. The ability of the virus to survive within a particular ecosystem is defined by the ecology of its wild host populations and the characteristics of livestock production systems, which influence host and vector species densities and interrelationships. African swine fever has high morbidity in naïve pig populations and can result in very high mortality. There is no vaccine or treatment available. Apart from stamping out and movement control, there are no control measures, thereby potentially resulting in ...
African swine fever is a devastating hemorrhagic fever of pigs, caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). In Africa, the presence of a sylvatic cycle involving warthogs and soft ticks means that the risk of introduction of ASFV into domestic swine is always present. Bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus) are nocturnal, susceptible to ASFV and share a natural interface with both warthogs and domestic pigs. The role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of ASFV if any is not understood, yet control strategies of the disease in areas with probable contact between bushpigs and domestic pigs would depend on such information. This study used a molecular and ecological approach to investigate the role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interface in Uganda. The GPS/GSM tracking collars were used to monitor the movement patterns of free-ranging domestic pigs and bushpigs. Four free-ranging domestic pigs and five bushpigs were collared and their movements ...
African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that produces a wide range of clinical signs and lesions that closely resemble those of classical swine fever. Infection, with a highly variable virulence, causes, typically 3-15 days later, high fever, reddening of the skin (visible only in pale-skinned pigs), decreased appetite, listlessness, loss of coordination, vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody) and eye discharges. Mortality rates can be as high as 100% in domestic pigs and wild boar, with death occurring in less than a week. In some cases, sudden death may be the only clinical sign.. The disease was first described after European settlers brought pigs into areas endemic with ASFV and, as such, is an example of an emerging infection. Although ASFV can be adapted to grow in cells from different species, it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat.. The virus : ...
African swine fever virus, illustration. This virus is a member of the iridovirus group that causes African swine fever. Unlike other DNA- containing vertebrate viruses (except the poxviruses), the iridovirus replicates in the host cells cytoplasm (most others replicate in the nucleus). - Stock Image F016/8841
The role of the ancestral sylvatic cycle of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is not well understood in the endemic areas of eastern Africa. We therefore analysed the ASF infection status on samples collected from 51 free-ranging warthogs (Phacocherus africanus) and 1576 Ornithodorus porcinus ticks from 26 independent warthog burrows at a single ranch in Kenya. Abattoir samples from 83 domestic pigs without clinical symptoms, originating from specific locations with no recent reported ASF outbreaks were included in this study. All samples were derived from areas of central Kenya, where ASF outbreaks have been reported in the past. Infection with ASFV was confirmed in 22% of O. porcinus pools, 3.22% of adult warthog serum samples and 49% of domestic pig serum samples by using p72-based PCR. All of the warthog sera were positive for anti-ASFV antibodies, investigated by using ELISA, but none of the domestic pig sera were positive. Twenty O. porcinus-, 12 domestic pig- and three warthogderived ...
FASINA, Folorunso O. et al. Spatio-temporal patterns and movement analysis of pigs from smallholder farms and implications for African swine fever spread, Limpopo province, South Africa. Onderstepoort j. vet. res. [online]. 2015, vol.82, n.1, pp.01-11. ISSN 2219-0635. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.795.. Infectious and zoonotic disease outbreaks have been linked to increasing volumes of legal and illegal trade. Spatio-temporal and trade network analyses have been used to evaluate the risks associated with these challenges elsewhere, but few details are available for the pig sector in South Africa. Regarding pig diseases, Limpopo province is important as the greater part of the province falls within the African swine fever control area. Emerging small-scale pig farmers in Limpopo perceived pig production as an important means of improving their livelihood and an alternative investment. They engage in trading and marketing their products with a potential risk to animal health, because the ...
We describe a horizontal survey of African swine fever virus (ASFV) prevalence and risk factors associated with virus infection in domestic pigs in two contrasting production systems in Kenya. A free range/tethering, low input production system in Ndhiwa District of South-western Kenya is compared with a medium input stall fed production system in Kiambu District of Central Kenya. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of data derived from cluster analysis showed that number of animals, number of breeding sows and number of weaner pigs were a significant factor in classifying farms in Nhiwa and Kiambu. Analysis of blood and serum samples using a PCR assay demonstrated an average animal level positivity to ASFV of 28% in two independent samplings in South-western Kenya and 0% PCR positivity in Central Kenya. No animals were sero-positive in either study site using the OIE indirect-ELISA and none of the animals sampled exhibited clinical symptoms of ASF. The farms that contained ASFV positive pigs in Ndhiwa ...
TY - ABST. T1 - Detection of African swine fever virus in asymptomatic pigs using FTA cards in Mbeya region, Tanzania. AU - Uttenthal,Åse. AU - Braae,Uffe Christian. AU - Ngowi,Helena Aminel. AU - Rasmussen,Thomas Bruun. AU - Nielsen,Jens. AU - Johansen,Maria Vang. N1 - Oral presentation.. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings. SP - 83. EP - 84. BT - IX International Congress of Veterinary Virology. PB - European Society for Veterinary Virology (ESVV). ER - ...
Read "Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome regions, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The Mkuze Game Reserve (MGR), in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa is an African swine fever virus (ASF) controlled area. In a survey conducted in 1978, ASF prevalence in warthogs and Ornithodoros ticks in MGR was determined to be 2% and 0.06%, respectively. These values, acknowledged as being unusually low compared to other East and southern African ASF-positive sylvatic-cycle host populations, have not been assessed since. The availability of a sensitive PCR-based virus detection method, developed specifically for the sylvatic tampan host, prompted a re-evaluation of ASF virus (ASFV) prevalence in MGR ticks. Of the 98 warthog burrows inspected for Ornithodoros presence, 59 (60.2%) were found to contain tampans and tick sampling was significantly male-biased. Whilst gender sampling-bias is not unusual, the 27% increase in infestation rate of warthog burrows since the 1978 survey is noteworthy as it anticipates a concomitant increase in ASFV prevalence, particularly in light of the high
We applied social network analysis to pig trader networks on the Kenya-Uganda border. Social network analysis is a recently developed tool, which is useful for understanding value chains and improving disease control policies. We interviewed a sample of 33 traders about their experiences with trade and African swine fever (ASF), analyzed the networks they generated in purchasing pigs and selling pork and their potential contribution to modulating dissemination of the ASF virus (ASFV). The majority of the traders were aware of clinical signs of ASF and the risk of trade transmitting ASFV. Most said they avoided buying pigs from ASF outbreak villages or sick pigs but their experiences also indicated that inadvertent purchase was relatively common. Traders had early knowledge of outbreaks since they were contacted by farmers who had heard rumours and wanted to sell their pigs to avoid the risk of them dying. Individual traders bought pigs in up to nine villages, and up to six traders operated in a ...
The cellular secretory pathway is important during the assembly and envelopment of viruses and also controls the transport of host proteins, such as cytokines and major histocompatibility proteins, that function during the elimination of viruses by the immune system. African swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes at least 26 proteins with stretches of hydrophobic amino acids suggesting entry into the secretory pathway (R. J. Yanez, J. M. Rodriguez, M. L. Nogal, L. Yuste, C. Enriquez, J. F. Rodriguez, and E. Vinuela, Virology 208:249-278, 1995). To predict how and where these potential membrane proteins function, we have studied the integrity of the secretory pathway in cells infected with ASFV. Remarkably, ASFV caused complete loss of immunofluorescence signal for the trans Golgi network (TGN) marker protein TGN46 and dispersed the AP1 TGN adapter complex. Loss of TGN46 signal was not due to degradation of TGN46, suggesting redistribution of TGN46 to other membrane compartments. ASFV markedly slowed ...
The Food and Veterinary Board has diagnosed African swine fever (ASF) in pigs on a farm with 3,200 animals in the territory of the Orissaare rural municipality in Saaremaa.
Michael S Denyer and Philip J Wilkinson, Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, UK. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious acute hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs caused by a large icosahedral DNA virus which produces a wide range of clinical signs. Protective immunity can be stimulated in vivo but classical neutralizing antibodies have not been demonstrated. The complete genome has been sequenced and some proteins that could enable the virus to evade the host immune response have been identified. There is no vaccine.. ...
AFRICA - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has joined with two African organisations to develop a regional strategy for the control of African swine fever (ASF) for the continent.
Abstract: A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by DTRA and the Ministries of Agriculture in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. The implementing agency was the company SAFOSO (Switzerland). Integration of this regional effort was administered by subject matter experts for each country. The main teaching effort of this project was to develop a comprehensive regional public outreach campaign through a network of expertise and knowledge for the control and prevention of ASF in four neighboring countries that experience similar issues with this disease. Gaps in disease knowledge, legislation, and outbreak preparedness in each country were all addressed. Because ASF is a pathogen with bioterrorism potential and of great veterinary health importance that is responsible for major economic instability, the project team developed public outreach programs to train veterinarians in the partner countries to accurately and rapidly
Three new outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) have been detected in the Russian Tver region, reports the Rosselkhoznadzor, the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance. All of them occurred in wild boars, in different parts of the region.
Uganda is a low-income country with the largest pig population in East Africa. Pig keeping has a large potential, commercially and as a tool for poverty reduction, but African swine fever (ASF) is a major hurdle for development of the sector. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and... ...
CHINA - As the African swine fever (ASF) situation worsens in many parts of the world, China has become increasingly concerned about the potential introduction of the disease.
The continued advance of African swine fever (ASF) through Eastern European countries has triggered concern amongst pig farmers and governing bodies. Defra has upgraded the threat to the UK from very low to low - meaning the risk is
Leading researchers from The Pirbright Institute have joined with other European scientists to share knowledge and expertise as part of an international collaboration to prevent the spread of African swine fever (ASF).
Keeping African swine fever (ASF) out of Britain is a top priority for the pig sector and a Bpex poster is aimed at helping farmers remind their eastern Eu
Nearly 800 wild boar carcasses infected with African swine fever (ASF) have been found in Estonias forests in 2016, while an additional nearly 700 hunted wild boars have been documented as carrying the disease.
China has banned imports of pigs, wild boars and related products from Slovakia to prevent the spread of African swine fever from the European country, China
One of the recent outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Russias Krasnodar region has been reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). In the village of Novonickolayevskaya, over 3,000 pigs had to be culled early August.
An outbreak of African swine fever in Poland near the German border has killed 21 wild boar, the agriculture minister said Wednesday.
Veterinary medicines maker ECO Animal Health Group said on Monday its business in China was hit by an outbreak of African swine fever, while the ongoing U.S.-China trade war squeezed margins in the United States.
(Reuters Breakingviews) - African swine fever is nudging China towards peak pork. The outbreak, one of the worst recorded, has sent prices of the meat soaring. That is likely to get worse, even if overall inflation is kept in check, due in part to a cooling economy. It means the disease could encourage a lasting shift among the world
DENMARK - The Danish pig industry is operating a strict security screening to ensure that African Swine Fever is not carried into the country from Russia, writes Chris Harris.
AbeBooks.com: Preparation of African Swine Fever Contingency Plans (FAO Animal Production and Health Manuals) (9789251064269) by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
Take action to stop the spread of African swine fever-Qilu Animal Health Products Co., Ltd-At the 87th OIE General Session, the World Assembly called on countries to consider ASF control as a high priority and the OIE committed to implement a global initiative to better support countries in
Around a quarter of the worlds pigs are expected to die from African swine fever as authorities grapple with a complex disease spreading rapidly in the globalization era, the World Organization for Animal Healths president said Thursday.. A sharp reduction in the worlds pig population would lead to possible food shortages and high pork prices, and it might also cause shortfalls in the many products made from pigs, such as the blood-thinner heparin thats used in people, said Dr. Mark Schipp, the organizations president.. The diseases spread in the past year to countries including China, which has half the worlds pigs, had inflamed a worldwide crisis, Schipp told reporters at a briefing in Sydney.. "I dont think the species will be lost, but its the biggest threat to the commercial raising of pigs weve ever seen," he said. "And its the biggest threat to any commercial livestock of our generation.". African swine fever, fatal to hogs but no threat to humans, has wiped out pig herds in ...
African Swine fever is an endemic disease in sub-Saharan Africa and many other parts of the developing world. It is caused by the African Swine virus that primarily replicates in macrophages and monocytes leading to the impairment of the structure and function of the immune system of the infected organisms. Until now the African Swine epidemic continues to spread despite all efforts to contain it. Thus, there is an objective need for effective, safe and affordable preventive and therapeutic approaches, in particular for effective vaccines, to control and eventually eradicate this disease. Since the characteristic feature of the African Swine virus is to impair the immune system and to cause immune deficiencies in its hosts the development of vaccines and other therapeutic approaches against the African Swine virus has implications for other immune deficiencies or diseases. Several other viruses are also known to cause immunodeficiency-like syndromes in humans, including cytomegalovirus, Epstein ...
African Swine fever is an endemic disease in sub-Saharan Africa and many other parts of the developing world. It is caused by the African Swine virus that primarily replicates in macrophages and monocytes leading to the impairment of the structure and function of the immune system of the infected organisms. Until now the African Swine epidemic continues to spread despite all efforts to contain it. Thus, there is an objective need for effective, safe and affordable preventive and therapeutic approaches, in particular for effective vaccines, to control and eventually eradicate this disease. Since the characteristic feature of the African Swine virus is to impair the immune system and to cause immune deficiencies in its hosts the development of vaccines and other therapeutic approaches against the African Swine virus has implications for other immune deficiencies or diseases. Several other viruses are also known to cause immunodeficiency-like syndromes in humans, including cytomegalovirus, Epstein ...
Poland on Wednesday confirmed its first cases of deadly swine fever in domestic pigs, as the World Trade Organisation reviewed a Russian embargo on EU pork imports imposed over the disease.
African swine fever (ASF) is usually a contagious viral disease of crazy and home pigs that is present in many parts of Africa, Asia and Europe, including Sardinia (Italy). after illness with the modern strain 22653/14 set alongside the traditional stress Nu81.2, although both isolates grew in the same price in both monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages. Higher cytokine amounts CP-868596 cell signaling in the supernatants of ASFV-infected pig monocytes in comparison to pig macrophages and wild-boar cells had been detected, without distinctions between isolates. Launch African swine fever (ASF) is normally a contagious and frequently fatal viral disease of local pigs and outrageous boar [22] thats currently endemic in lots of sub-Saharan African countries, the Russian Federation, Transcaucasia, some East Europe, and Sardinia [1]. A recently available ASF outbreak was reported in China [8]. There is certainly neither an authorized vaccine nor cure obtainable still, and disease-control ...
The Biggest Surprises. As indicated on the distribution map above (and as mentioned in our earlier blog post, "Warthogs and Primates in the Meru Conservation Area, Central Kenya, and the Decline of Kora National Park"), we now know that the distribution of the two species of warthog are sympatric (they overlap) at three sites; central Kenya (about 8,700 sq. km), central-southern Kenya (about 6,900 sq. km), and eastern Kenya (about 3,900 sq. km). The fact that the two species live side by side indicates that they occupy different ecological niches.. Rather surprisingly, this project found that the common warthog can live in more arid environments than the desert warthog. That these areas lack year-round surface water indicates that common warthogs can survive for several months without drinking water, and that they are less dependent on drinking water than the desert warthog. The common warthog lives under a much wider range of annual rainfall and altitude than does the desert warthog and, ...
It is probable that the virus has entered Georgia through imported frozen or processed pig meat. In the past, in some countries swill feeding, in particular swill originating from aircraft and ships, has been incriminated as a major source of infection ...
Pork sales at supermarkets and food stores have increased sharply as more and more customers are opting to buy the meat with clear origins due to the outbreak of African swine fever. According to retailers, the spread of information about the disease has customers worried since pork is a staple food. Thanh Lan of District 1, who was buying pork at Co.opmart Cong Quynh, said for the past month she has only bought the meat at the supermarket. She was relieved when the supermarket told her that its pork was VietGAP certified, she said. A spokesperson for the Saigon Union of Trading Co.operatives (Saigon Co.op) said pork sales at its retail systems, comprising Co.opmart, Co.opXtra and Co.op Food, across the country have risen by 20 per cent on average since the outbreak of African swine fever. They are selling 45-50 tonnes on weekdays and 60-70 tonnes during weekends, it said. Anh Thy, a salesperson at a Vissan store near Thi Nghe Market in HCM Citys Binh Thanh District, told Viet Nam News that ...
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TAGUM CITY-The City Government of Tagum assured the public that there is no reported swine fever virus in this city, following the concern raised by several sectors over the reported cases in some parts of the country.. Dr. Jesus Edullantes allayed fears of the public and strongly emphasized that the virus has not reached the local hog industry in the city.. Hinged on Administrative Order 04, s-2019 of the Department of Agriculture (DA), the local government unit of Tagum, headed by Mayor Allan Rellon, convened on Friday, August 20, 2019, the African Swine Fever Task Force (ASF-TF) which was created to ensure the continued implementation of precautionary measures relative food safety and food security in view of the reported increasing swine mortalities in the country.. The inter-agency task force, which is chaired by the City Veterinarian, planned to stringently enforce the said measures to ensure that transportation of live animals, meat products and meat by-products is prohibited unless ...
The African swine fever virus (ASFV) protease that processes the viral polyproteins is required for a late maturational step in virus core assembly and production of infectious progeny virus. On the other hand, studies on ASFV morphogenesis have shown a correlation between proteolytic processing of polyproteins and correct virus assembly, suggesting that the activity of the protease might be modulated during the infection. Indeed, recent studies demonstrated that the protease activity is controlled by two disulfide bridges formed between cysteines C14 and C24 and between C45 and C50. To investigate the mechanism of this redox regulation, we have studied the interaction of the wild type protease and punctual mutants of the involved cysteines to serine with the substrate polyprotein pp62. Our results show, in pull down experiments, the binding of the wild type but not the mutated protease to polyprotein pp62, indicating that the intramolecular disulfide bonds are necessary for the interaction of ...
Porcine monocyte-derived macrophages (moMΦ) have been employed as a model cell in numerous studies of the porcine immune system. However, the lack of a standardized method for moMΦ differentiation hampers the comparison of results coming from the use of different laboratory protocols. In this study we compared the use of varying concentrations of autologous plasma (10, 20 and 30% v/v) or recombinant human macrophage-colony stimulating factor (hM-CSF; 50, 100, and 200 ng/ml) to differentiate porcine monocytes into macrophages. Changes in cell morphology and surface marker expression were assessed by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Macrophage differentiation was evaluated by analysing TNF-α response to LPS stimulation and determining cytokine secretion patterns under both basal conditions and after classical and alternative activation. The effects of the differentiation methods on metabolic activity and susceptibility to infection with the myelotropic African swine fever virus (ASFV) ...
SEJONG -- It is now close to one month since the nations first case of African swine fever was confirmed in Paju, Gyeonggi Province, on Sept. 17.The number of outbreaks of the deadly animal virus came to 13 as of 4 p.m., Oct. 8 -- eight in Gyeonggi Province and five in Incheon. All the affected regions are close to the inter-Korean border: Paju, Gyeonggi Province, with five cases; Yeoncheon, Gyeonggi Prov...
The supply of pork in China may remain tight for the next few years, a leading pig industry expert said recently, citing unprecedented losses due to African swine fever, which has spread around the country since August last year.
An African swine fever outbreak is threatening Chinas massive pork industry. Angus Gidley-Baird of RaboResearch Food and Agribusiness discusses.
SEOUL: South Korea on Tuesday reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from China to North Korea, pushing up pork prices worldwide.
UN2900 Indicative Examples of Infectious Substances Included in Category A UN2900 Infectious substance, affecting animals African swine fever virus...
Pig plague threatens Europe African swine fever , or ASF, is a viral disease that kills almost every pig it infects and is likened to Ebola . It gained a foothold in Georgia in 2007, when contaminated pig meat landed from a ship from South-East Africa and was fed to local pigs. ...
Pig plague threatens Europe African swine fever , or ASF, is a viral disease that kills almost every pig it infects and is likened to Ebola . It gained a foothold in Georgia in 2007, when contaminated pig meat landed from a ship from South-East Africa and was fed to local pigs. ...
RaboResearch Food & Agribusiness published its annual global animal protein outlook. In general, African swine fever (ASF) overwhelms the outlook for 2020 – as it has done during 2019 – and will pull down overall growth, as well as bring uncertainty to all markets.
China produces and consumes two-thirds of the worlds pork, but output is plunging as herds are destroyed to stop African swine fever.
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Common warthogs are grazers, and they are particularly fond of roots and berries, although they have been known to eat carrion (dead animals). They live in family groups called soundlings and rely on the help of two bird species, the red-billed and yellow-bellied oxpeckers. These birds clean them of tasty parasites and alert them with alarm calls if a predator is near.. ...
EIPA treatment inhibits ASFV entry and infection in Vero cells.A-B) EIPA inhibits ASFV uptake. Cells were pretreated (DMSO or EIPA) and infected (MOI 10) for
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The outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Bulgaria have resulted in more than 100 000 pigs being culled in the northern part of the country, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) said on the evening of August 1.. Estimates from before the outbreak of African Swine Fever put the number of registered pigs in Bulgaria at a maximum 600 000.. The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency has begun checks in small towns in northern Bulgaria to see if farmers have voluntarily got rid of their pigs, the report said.. The deadline for doing so in districts in that part of Bulgaria expired on July 31. Failure to comply means a fine of 100 to 1000 leva (about 50 to 500 euro).. Efforts by veterinary authorities in Rousse, the largest city on Bulgarias Danube border, are currently aimed at controlling the outbreak of African Swine Fever in the town of Byala, where a sick pig was found in a farmyard. In the area, 140 animals will be euthanised at six unregistered small farms.. However, employees of the Regional Food Safety ...
African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA.. The disease is spreading at about 2 km a month in Latvia and Estonia, and 1 km a month in Lithuania and Poland. In addition, the number of infected animals found among hunted wild boar is very low (up to 3%). The outbreaks in wild boar in the Baltic countries and Poland can therefore be defined as a "small-scale epidemic".. The report covers cases reported between 2014 and 2016.. "This report is the outcome of a fruitful cooperation with Member States. We look forward to continuing investigations on this disease, which has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries," says Andrea Gervelmeyer, veterinary epidemiologist at EFSA.. The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland at the beginning of 2014. The disease was subsequently reported in Latvia and Estonia. No additional ...
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus [PRRSV] and porcine circovirus type 2 [PCV2 ...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious disease of pigs that has a near 100% mortality rate. The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1921 and was introduced to the Caucasus region when it spread to Georgia in mid-2007. Since this introduction, ASFV has spread to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Russia. From 2007 to 2017, Russia reported more than 1,000 ASFV outbreaks that resulted in approximately 800,000 pigs being killed. From March to October 2017, there were outbreaks of ASFV in Siberia, causing concern that the disease could spread to China. In August 2018, the FAO noted that ASFV strain detected in China was "similar" to the strain detected in Russia in 2017 ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) added Moldova to a list of regions considered affected with African swine fever (ASF). We are taking this action because of the confirmation of ASF in Moldova. ASF is a highly contagious disease of wild and domestic swine that can spread rapidly in swine populations with extremely high rates of morbidity and mortality. A list of regions where ASF exists or is reasonably believed to exist is maintained on the APHIS Web site at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-and-animal-product-import-information/ct_animal_disease_status. ...
Since entering the eastern EU at the start of 2014, African swine fever (ASF) has spread locally in the wild boar population, independently of outbreaks in domestic pigs. No correlation between the density of the wild boar population and the case notification in an area has been observed. The source of virus introduction appeared to be the low biosecurity level in backyard farms; yet, direct contact between pigs and wild boar has not been reported. Potential wild boar management strategies aimed at controlling ASF were evaluated. First, the published literature was searched for evidence of changes in wild boar demography after implementing different management strategies. A reduction in a wild boar population of more than 60 % as a result of conventional hunting has not been documented in Europe. Secondly, during a consultation meeting, 30 experts identified different wild boar management tools to indirectly combat ASF spread. In the third step, an epidemiological simulation model was developed, ...
Phone: (785) 532-4274. E-mail: [email protected] Education: PhD in Biochemistry from University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.. Area of Specialization: Structural biology and biochemistry of Rift Valley Fever Virus proteins; gene expression analysis in African Swine Fever Virus infection; Next Generation Sequencing data analysis. ...
It is no small matter to own a pig in Haiti. With very little hard currency in the countryside, pigs act as living savings accounts and are often bartered for other products or wares. One pig can be traded for a years education for two children. In fact, pigs comprise 30 percent of the peasantrys income. In late 1978, when the outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) spread to Haiti, the peasantry was devastated. In the next four years, the Haitian government, spurred by the U.S. and Canadian governments, slaughtered every pig on the island to stymie the spread of the fever. African Swine Fever, a virus for which there is neither vaccination nor medication, made its way from Europe or Africa to the Dominican Republic, and later spread to Haiti. The disease, which decimates swine populations, endangers neither humans nor other animals. Even the contaminated meat, if the animals were slaughtered under proper conditions, is perfectly edible. When AFS first made its appearance in the Dominican ...
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The state service of Ukraine on issues of food safety and consumer protection (state foods and consumer service) and the national police in the near future will
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A total of 289,038 reads with an average length of 175 nucleotides was obtained. After filtering for length and repeat content, 190,706 reads remained. Seventy-seven percent of the reads were assembled into contigs. Both BLASTN and BLASTX analyses gave similar results. Subsequently, the results that follow are from the BLASTN analysis.. For 62% of all sequences, there was no significant match within GenBank as defined by the above criteria. Among the sequences assigned to a taxon, 52%, whether DNA or RNA, mapped to the domestic pig host (Sus scrofa). Thirty six percent of the sequences also exhibited similarity with other mammalian genomes (17% to the family Bovidae and 6.5% to human); these additional matches were most likely a consequence of the currently incomplete status of the porcine genome.. A small proportion (6.2%) of the sequences mapped to DNA and RNA viruses. For the DNA searches, besides African swine fever virus, which was identified in all pools, Torque teno viruses (TTVs) were ...
P. W. Krug, C. R. Larson, A. C. Eslami, L. L. Rodriguez. THE ability of transboundary animal disease viruses such as foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) to persist and be transmitted on fomites contributes to the spread of disease, with serious consequences for animal health and international trade. Disinfection of surfaces is a key part of biosecurity during outbreaks, but there is no standardised method of disinfection for porous surfaces such as wood, which is commonly used in farm buildings. This study investigated the ability of two disinfectant chemicals to inactivate FMDV and African swine fever virus (ASFV) dried on to a porous wood surface ...
German Agriculture Minister Christian Schmidt is backing an intelligent reduction of Germanys growing wild boar population to prevent a further spread of African Swine Fever (ASF), the Rheinische Post newspaper reported on Friday.
AMES, Iowa - This years Iowa Swine Day will serve pork producers by offering expert speakers who will address current issues affecting the industry. Some of the topics will include the status of and response to African Swine Fever, what makes a biosecurity program successful, improving company culture, precision pork production, and feeding the high-producing sow. The event will be hosted in Ames at Iowa State University on Thursday, June 27 by the Iowa Pork Industry Center.. "Iowa Swine Day is a great opportunity to learn, network, and build relationships within the swine industry," said Jason Ross, Iowa Swine Day committee chair. "The topics being discussed at this years event are a result of direct input from pork producers who let us know what topics are important to them.". The morning session will feature Dr. Frank Mitloehner from the University of California-Davis, who will explore how improvements in livestock production efficiencies, genetics, nutrition, and veterinary care can help ...
HANOI, Vietnam (AP) - Asian nations are scrambling to contain the spread of highly contagious African swine fever, with Vietnam culling 2.6 million pigs and China reporting more than a million dead in an unprecedentedly huge epidemic some fear is out of control.
POLAND - Following Russias ban on imports of pork from Poland on the grounds of a risk of African Swine Fever, the Polish Minister of Agriculture has announced upcoming meetings with future trading partners in Asia.
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Pak1 is required for ASFV entry in Vero cells.A) ASFV activates Pak1 at early times post infection. Cells were infected (MOI 5) and phosphorylation of Pak1 (Thr
Wild Warthog Hefeweizen is a Hefeweizen style beer brewed by Tampa Bay Brewing Co. in Tampa, FL. 3.77 average with 56 ratings, reviews and opinions.
After about an hour we heard the flow of water meaning Piet was back and pumping the water into the water tank. In the hour we had been waiting a Warthog sow and a couple of small piglets had made a turn and left again. The same sow and little ones were back and making the most of an early morning drink. You could literally see how their stomachs filled up. A short while later a young Gemsbok turned up with another Warthog as the sun rose higher.. The next minute out of the blue there he was … a big Kudu Bull standing behind a tree on the far side of the water, the Grey Ghost of Africa.. I picked up my binoculars; he was big just how big was the problem. I nudged Ray, and he whisper how big and was it bigger than 55 inches, by which time the Bull had started to move to the water for a drink. As he put his head down, I whispered to Ray easy 55 if not bigger. Ray whispered back he would only shoot if I could guarantee it was over 55 inches.. After some more thought and whispering to and fro, the ...
Old World wild swine having a narrow body and prominent tusks from which most domestic swine come; introduced in United States. ...
Salty & Sweet Bacon & Venison Roll-ups Basically, Ive taken an entire leg of warthog, slow-cooked it for 10 hours and now Ill show you what to do with all that meat!. Were so convenience-driven these days, I guess because of work, endless commitments, etc that we end up choosing the easiest, most convenient {and often most expensive AND unhealthy} and quickest foods to make ...
Classical swine fever (CSF) has caused significant economic losses in industrialized pig production, and is still present in some European countries. Recent CSF outbreaks in Europe were mainly associated with strains of genogroup 2 (subgroup 2.3). Although there are extensive datasets regarding 2.3 strains, there is very little information available on longer fragments or whole classical swine fever virus (CSFV) genomes. Furthermore, there are no detailed analyses of the molecular epidemiology of CSFV wild boar isolates available. Nevertheless, complete genome sequences are supportive in phylogenetic analyses, especially in affected wild boar populations. Here, German CSFV strains of subgroup 2.3 were fully sequenced using two different approaches: (i) a universal panel of CSFV primers that were developed to amplify the complete genome in overlapping fragments for chain-terminator sequencing; and (ii) generation of a single full-length amplicon of the CSFV genome obtained by long-range RT-PCR ...
The inspectors of the Latvian Food and Veterinary Service this week found 14 wild boars killed by African swine fever (ASF), including in two regions in central Latvia that had been hit by the disease first time, the veterinary authority said LETA.
Main Article. The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
Asia is home to 4.6 billion more than half of the planets population and most of them rely heavily on a pork diet. China with a population of almost 1.5 billion people have suffered the biggest impact of African Swine Fever, more than 55% of Chinese pigs - hundreds of millions of animals - have now been lost, and the result has been a chronic shortage of pork and rocketing price. The disease is eating up pig populations of South East Asia. Vietnam and the Philippines have seen some of the worst outbreaks in the region. The latest country to report an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) is Indonesia, specifically in the province of North Sumatra, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations confirmed on Dec. 12. The disease has also been detected in Mongolia, Cambodia, South Korea, North Korea, Myanmar and East Timor, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation. Outside of Asia, the OIE said the disease is also present in parts of Eastern Europe and sub-Saharan Africa ...
In the Ramenskoye district of the Moscow region recorded outbreak of African swine fever, reports "Interfax".. Specialists of the Rosselkhoznadzor found in the enterprise "agro Konstantinovo" the violation of a number of veterinary standards and requirements. Absent heat-treatment of the feed, worked a disinfection barrier.. From African swine fever (ASF) has killed 17 adult animals and 24 pigs. Earlier, three infected pigs were sold to private hands, the buyer did not know about the disease.. On the farm goes the extra sanitization and destruction of livestock. Infected animals will be killed in a bloodless manner. Because of the virus, the enterprise may lose more than 200 animals.. This year the Rosselkhoznadzor expects more than 300 outbreaks in Russia. Most likely the risk of ASF in Mordovia, Udmurtia, Mari El, Tatarstan, the Tver and Kostroma regions.. Last week the head of the Ministry Alexander Tkachev said that the loss of the Russian farms from Achs for 10 years amounted to more than 5 ...
In the latest episode of Contagious Thinking, join CVR PhD student Jack Hirst and postdoc Connor Bamford as they chat with Dr Charles Masembe (follow him on Twitter:@cmasembe10) about his work on some of Africas most important animal viruses.. Charles works currently on a virus called African swine fever virus (ASFV), which causes a deadly disease in domestic pigs that can cause great economic and political turmoil in affected regions. ASFV is a fascinating large DNA virus that is spread by wild pigs and the ticks that feed on them. The virus can move between the wild pigs and farmed domestic pigs. Understanding this movement is a major focus of Charles work.. Charles is a veterinarian and molecular epidemiologist by training and is an associate professor at the College of Natural Sciences at Makerere University in Uganda. He is working in a collaboration with scientists at the CVR to sequence ASFV samples from pigs across Uganda. His work is funded by a recently awarded Wellcome Trust ...
Gómez-Villamandos, JC, Carrasco, L, Bautista, MJ, Sierra, MA, Quezada, M, Hervas, J, Chacón, MDEL, Ruiz-Villamor, E, Salguero, FJ, Sónchez-Cordón, PJ, Romanini, S, Núñez, A, Mekonen, T, Méndez, A and Jover, A (2003) African swine fever and classical swine fever: a review of the pathogenesis. ...
swine fever virus N(pro) protein: has autoproteolytic activity; inhibits double-stranded RNA-mediated apoptosis and IFN-alpha/beta induction; GenBank AF144472
The domestic swine fever virus C strain was purified by USA, Japan, local swine fever, but the domestic swine fever epidemic is still serious. Control of classical swine fever, the industry has different views, many people think is the prob
This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and related risk factors of porcine cysticercosis (caused by Taenia solium) and African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs, and assesses the state of pork inspection ...
Introduction. Classical and African swine fever (CSF, ASF) are the two most feared diseases of swine worldwide. Both are characterised by high mortality and are transboundary diseases that can have devastating effects on livelihoods that depend on pig production (Costard et al. 2009; Moennig 2000). Although they are caused by completely unrelated viruses, the pathogenesis of the two diseases is similar, therefore the clinical and pathological manifestations are strikingly alike (Moennig 2000; Penrith, Thomson & Bastos 2004a). CSF is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus, family Flaviviridae, while ASF is caused by a large, double-stranded DNA virus that was only allocated to its own genus, Asfivirus, the only member of the family Asfarviridae, in 1998 (Dixon et al. 2005). Both viruses affect only members of the pig family (Suidae) (Moennig 2000; Plowright, Thomson & Neser 1994). Both are highly contagious diseases in pigs and their ancestors, the Eurasian wild boar (Sus ...
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the African swine fever (ASF) outbreak that began in 1978 in Paracambi municipality, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, and the steps taken by the Brazilian authorities to eradicate the disease. The presence of ASF in the country was confirmed by isolating the virus, and its pathogenicity was certified by the laboratory of the Plum Island Disease Center, New York, United States. Even before the laboratory results became available, the Brazilian Agriculture Ministry declared an Animal Health Emergency, in which the official Veterinary Services adopted rapid control measures to restrain and eradicate the disease. These control measures contributed to the reorganisation of the national swine industry and stimulated the use of high-technology production techniques, as well as an improvement in herd health consciousness. All this contributed to Brazil becoming the largest meat exporter in the world. ...
5 September 2000 New case of swine fever in Suffolk By FWi staff A FURTHER case of classical swine fever has been confirmed on a farm in the surveillance a
Biology Assignment Help, Swine fever, S w i n e fever It is also known as hog cholera and results in high fever and prostration. E t iology : Pestivirus belonging to family Togaviridae is responsible in producing the disease. The virus is resistant to common disinfe
Another case of swine fever was detected in Manta in Cahul district. The virus was confirmed by laboratory analysis after a man announced to the National Agency for Food Safety in the district that he had found his pig dead.Immediately, the emergency comm
Cytopathic effect of classical swine fever virus NS3 protein on PK-15 cells.: In order to further research the relationship between classical swine fever virus
K-States Biosecurity Research Institute is already getting a jump start on some of the research planned for NBAF.The biosafety level-3 facility is studying four NBAF diseases: Japanese encephalitis, Rift Valley fever, classical swine fever and African swine fever.Rift Valley FeverRift Valley Fever is an acute, fever-causing viral disease most commonly observed in domesticated animals such as cattle, with the ability to spread to humans through mosquitoes, aerosols and body fluids
Classical Swine Fever Vaccines Industry including (both global and regions) Market Size (both volume - Unit and value - million USD), Market Share, Production data, Consumption data, Trade data, Price - USD/Unit, Cost, Gross margin, Analysis, Forecast etc.. The report offers a holistic overview of the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market with the help of application segments and geographical regions that govern the market currently. Further, the report delves deep into the value chain of the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market so as to emerge with information specific areas that hold high revenue-generating potential. With the Classical Swine Fever Vaccines market having undergone certain inherent shifts in the past decades, the report discusses how these changes will impact the future.. Get Free Sample Report: https://www.fiormarkets.com/report-detail/98205/request-sample. Moreover, the report also provides a realistic picture of the state of both traditional and emerging markets. The ...
November 24, 2010 - The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is amending its regulations governing the importation of certain animals and animal products by adding the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina to the list of regions we recognize as free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), rinderpest, swine vesicular disease (SVD), classical swine fever (CSF) and African swine fever (ASF). APHIS is also adding Santa Catarina to the list of regions that are subject to certain import restrictions on meat and meat products because of their proximity to or trading relationships with rinderpest- or FMD-affected countries. These actions will update the disease status of Santa Catarina with regard to FMD, rinderpest, SVD, CSF and ASF while continuing to protect the United States from an introduction of those diseases by providing additional requirements for live swine, pork meat, pork products, live ruminants, ruminant meat and ruminant products imported into the ...
2008) Classical swine fever virus vaccine stability in Lao PDR. In: Conlan, J., Blacksell, S., Morrissy, C. and Colling, A., (eds.) Management of classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease in Lao PDR : proceedings of an international workshop held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, 20-21 November 2006. ACIAR Proceedings No. 128. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia, pp. 80-83. Morrissy, C., Wright, L., Conlan, J., Goff, W., Colling, A., Hammond, J., Johnson, M., Blacksell, S. and Daniels, P. ...
Pigs are mammals in the genus Sus. They include the domestic pig and its ancestor, the common Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa), and other species. Pigs are in the Suidae family of even-toed ungulates.. Related, but outside the genus, are the babirusa and the warthog. Pigs, like all suids, are native to the Old World. Juvenile pigs are known as piglets.[1] Pigs are omnivores and are highly social and intelligent animals.[2]. Domestic pigs are eaten as food called pork or bacon. The Jewish and Muslim religions, and some Christian denominations, believe eating pork is wrong. It is, however quite healthy food for humans. Pig farmers take care that the animals do not get diseases or parasites which might harm humans.. Domestic pigs are often pink, but small pigs kept as pets (pot-bellied pigs) are often other colors. Pigs often roll in mud to protect themselves from sunlight. Many people think that pigs are dirty and smell. In fact, they roll around in the mud to keep bugs and ticks away from their ...

Poster highlights danger of farm staff importing African swine fever - Farmers WeeklyPoster highlights danger of farm staff importing African swine fever - Farmers Weekly

Keeping African swine fever (ASF) out of Britain is a top priority for the pig sector and a Bpex poster is aimed at helping ... Keeping African swine fever (ASF) out of Britain is a top priority for the pig sector and a Bpex poster is aimed at helping ... Poster highlights danger of farm staff importing African swine fever. Richard Allison ...
more infohttp://www.fwi.co.uk/livestock/poster-highlights-danger-of-farm-staff-importing-african-swine-fever.htm

African swine fever virus, illustration - Stock Image F016/8841 - Science Photo LibraryAfrican swine fever virus, illustration - Stock Image F016/8841 - Science Photo Library

This virus is a member of the iridovirus group that causes African swine fever. Unlike other DNA- containing vertebrate viruses ... African swine fever virus, illustration. This virus is a member of the iridovirus group that causes African swine fever. Unlike ... Keywords: 3 dimensional, 3d, african swine fever virus, artwork, biological, biology, cgi, digitally generated, dna virus, ... swine, three dimensional, viral, virion, virology, virus ... African swine fever virus, illustration. F016/8841 Royalty Free ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/782691/view

African swine fever | ari.info | ari.infoAfrican swine fever | ari.info | ari.info

African swine fever. African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that ... it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat. ... The virus belongs to the Asfarviridae family - also known as the African swine fever-like viruses - genus Asfivirus. It is a ... The overarching piece of legislation providing the tool for the control of African swine fever in the EU is Council Directive ...
more infohttp://www.animalresearch.info/en/medical-advances/veterinary-medicine/african-swine-fever/

Frontiers | Implementation of a Regional Training Program on African Swine Fever As Part of the Cooperative Biological...Frontiers | Implementation of a Regional Training Program on African Swine Fever As Part of the Cooperative Biological...

A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by DTRA and the ... A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by DTRA and the ... African swine fever (ASF) is a highly infectious disease of most species in the Suidae family, including domestic pigs and ... African swine fever virus isolate, Georgia, 2007. Emerg Infect Dis (2008) 14(12):1870-4. doi:10.3201/eid1412.080591 ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2017.00164/full

Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome regions, Archives of Virology |...Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome regions, Archives of Virology |...

"Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome regions, Archives of Virology" ... Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome regions. Nix, R. J.; Gallardo, ... Molecular epidemiology of African swine fever virus studied by analysis of four variable genome... Nix, R. J.; Gallardo, C.; ... The African swine fever virus proteins p54 and p30 are involved in two distinct steps of virus attachment and both contribute ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/molecular-epidemiology-of-african-swine-fever-virus-studied-by-Cx3EzKQOTl

Most recent papers with the keyword african swine fever | Read by QxMDMost recent papers with the keyword african swine fever | Read by QxMD

... vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine ... African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) causes a serious swine disease that is endemic in Africa and Sardinia and presently spreading ... Prevalence of African swine fever virus and classical swine fever virus antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria. ... This study investigated the prevalence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) antibodies in ...
more infohttps://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/78847

African Swine Fever - Immune Response - Barnard Health CareAfrican Swine Fever - Immune Response - Barnard Health Care

African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious acute hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs caused by a large icosahedral DNA ... African Swine Fever. Last Updated on Tue, 12 Apr 2016 , Immune Response ...
more infohttps://www.barnardhealth.us/immune-response/african-swine-fever.html

Surveillance for African Swine fever in Nigeria, 2006-2009Surveillance for African Swine fever in Nigeria, 2006-2009

African swine fever (ASF) has had significant economic and social impact in Nigeria since 1997. However, there has been no ... Surveillance for African Swine fever in Nigeria, 2006-2009. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 57(4):244-253. ...
more infohttps://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/3420

The role of the bushpigs in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interfaces in Uganda | RUFORUM...The role of the bushpigs in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interfaces in Uganda | RUFORUM...

African swine fever is a devastating hemorrhagic fever of pigs, caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). In Africa, the ... The role of the bushpigs in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interfaces in Uganda. You are ... used a molecular and ecological approach to investigate the role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of African swine fever at ... presence of a sylvatic cycle involving warthogs and soft ticks means that the risk of introduction of ASFV into domestic swine ...
more infohttp://repository.ruforum.org/documents/role-bushpigs-epidemiology-african-swine-fever-wildlife-livestock-interfaces-uganda

Pig traders networks on the Kenya-Uganda border highlight potential for mitigation of African swine fever virus transmission...Pig traders' networks on the Kenya-Uganda border highlight potential for mitigation of African swine fever virus transmission...

We interviewed a sample of 33 traders about their experiences with trade and African swine fever (ASF), analyzed the networks ... Pig traders networks on the Kenya-Uganda border highlight potential for mitigation of African swine fever virus transmission ... Pig traders networks on the Kenya-Uganda border highlight potential for mitigation of African swine fever virus transmission ...
more infohttps://dspacetest.cgiar.org/handle/10568/80427

PPT - Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever) PowerPoint Presentation - ID:113381PPT - Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever) PowerPoint Presentation - ID:113381

Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered ... Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. ... African Swine Fever *distinguished from hog cholera only via ... Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine ... PowerPoint Slideshow about Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever) - flora. An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download ...
more infohttps://www.slideserve.com/flora/hog-cholera

Wildlife Disease News Digest: Wildlife Disease Journal DigestWildlife Disease News Digest: Wildlife Disease Journal Digest

Controlling disease outbreaks in wildlife using limited culling: modelling classical swine fever incursions in wild pigs in ... The Ecology of Influenza A Viruses in Wild Birds in Southern Africa. EcoHealth. 2012 Mar; 8(1):4-13. GS Cumming. Zoonotic ... Persistence of Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus in Waterfowl in a Southern African Ecosystem EcoHealth. 2012 Mar; 8(1): 109 ...
more infohttp://wdin.blogspot.com/2012/01/blog-post.html

African Swine FeverAfrican Swine Fever

... Hundreds Of Millions Of Pigs Feared Dead From Swine Fever - Price Of Pork Has Risen 38 Percent In The Last ... Categories CommentaryTags African Swine Fever, Fever, Food Crisis, Food Prices, Food Shortage, Food Shortages, Hunger, Hungry, ... South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World ... African swine fever is also devastating pig farms in Vietnam, Cambodia, Tibet and we just learned that an outbreak has now ...
more infohttp://theeconomiccollapseblog.com/archives/tag/african-swine-fever

USDA APHIS | African Swine FeverUSDA APHIS | African Swine Fever

African Swine Fever (ASF). African swine fever (ASF), first described in the 1920s in Kenya, is a highly contagious hemorrhagic ... The disease is endemic in Sardinia, most countries of sub-Saharan Africa, and some West African countries. Spain and Portugal ... African Swine Fever h2.green {background:#006600; color:#fff; padding: 5px 10px;} h3.green {background:#006600; color:#fff; ...
more infohttps://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/swine-disease-information/african-swine-fever/

African Swine Fever - EclipsepediaAfrican Swine Fever - Eclipsepedia

This African Swine Fever Scenarios are based on the epidemiological compartment model described by Barongo et al. 2016 in the ... The second project demonstrate a modified versions of the African Swine Fever Model and there application on a spatial scale. ... "A Mathematical Model that Simulates Control Options for African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)". ... Retrieved from "http://wiki.eclipse.org/index.php?title=African_Swine_Fever&oldid=433569" ...
more infohttp://wiki.eclipse.org/African_Swine_Fever

Georgia severely hit by African Swine FeverGeorgia severely hit by African Swine Fever

African Swine Fever does not affect humans. "This is a dramatic development in the international distribution of African Swine ... African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. It causes fever and results in very high pig mortality ... Pigs can acquire African Swine Fever by eating infected meat or tissues, by direct contact with an infected pig, and by contact ... 8 June 2007, Rome - Georgia has been hit by the devastating pig disease African Swine Fever, which could also threaten ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/Newsroom/en/news/2007/1000594/index.html

African swine fever - TulliAfrican swine fever - Tulli

African swine fever spreads with travellers. African swine fever is a lethal disease that affects swine and wild boar, but ... People travelling to Finland from abroad play a key role in the prevention of African swine fever and other similar animal ... of all meat products containing swine or wild boar meat as gifts or travel snacks from countries where African swine fever has ... Prevent the spread of swine fever to Finland. *Do not bring with you any meat or milk products from Russia or from anywhere ...
more infohttps://tulli.fi/en/private-persons/travelling/african-swine-fever

African swine fever Archives | Inquirer BusinessAfrican swine fever Archives | Inquirer Business

BSP: Oil price volatility, swine fever woes may push up inflation in 2020. October 26, 2019 BY: Daxim L. Lucas ... Lack of clear rules to tackle swine fever outbreak hit. September 21, 2019 BY: Ronnel W. Domingo ... Major PH meat firm feels pinch of swine fever scare. September 19, 2019 BY: Tonette Orejas ... Food waste seen as carrier of unidentified swine disease. August 24, 2019 BY: Karl R. Ocampo ...
more infohttps://business.inquirer.net/tag/african-swine-fever

African swine fever | European Food Safety AuthorityAfrican swine fever | European Food Safety Authority

The typical signs of African swine fever are similar to classical swine fever, and the two diseases normally have to be ... African swine fever is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. In Europe, it has been endemic in Sardinia for several decades. In 2007 ... African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly. There are neither vaccines nor cures. For ... Epidemiological analyses of African swine fever in the Baltic States and Poland (Update September 2016-September 2017) ...
more infohttp://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/african-swine-fever

African swine fever | European Food Safety AuthorityAfrican swine fever | European Food Safety Authority

African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly. There are neither ... African Swine Fever: how to stay one step ahead ... African swine fever is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. In Europe ... The typical signs of African swine fever are similar to classical swine fever, and the two diseases normally have to be ... African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly. There are neither vaccines nor cures. For ...
more infohttps://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/african-swine-fever?qt-quicktabs_field_collection=0

African swine fever - išsamiai DELFI.ltAfrican swine fever - išsamiai DELFI.lt

Čia pateikiami visi straipsniai ir naujienos apie African swine fever publikuoti DELFI.LT portale. Foto, video reportažai, ... Swine fever outbreak recorded on Idavangs farm in Lithuania An outbreak of swine fever has been recorded on a pig farm in ... A senior Lithuanian veterinary official has played down Belgiums suspicions that African swine fever (ASF) could have been ... Lithuanias agriculture minister plans to propose encouraging farmers to renounce pig farming as swine fever is spreading in ...
more infohttps://www.delfi.lt/temos/african-swine-fever

African Swine Fever in Angola | HealthMapAfrican Swine Fever in Angola | HealthMap

African Swine Fever in Angola. Jan 26, 2011 , healthmap , Outbreak News African Swine Fever was confirmed in the cities of ... New Outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Russia. Six new outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) were reported this week from ... African Swine Fever in Ukraine. Ukraine is hoping to prevent an outbreak of African swine fever. "[Across the border] in Russia ... African Swine Fever is infectious among pigs and causes hemorrhaging and myocardial infarction in the pig. Resident owners of ...
more infohttp://www.healthmap.org/site/diseasedaily/article/african-swine-fever-angola-12611

African swine fever: Vietnam culls 1.7 million pigsAfrican swine fever: Vietnam culls 1.7 million pigs

A case of African swine fever was detected in a Hong Kong slaughterhouse earlier this month, prompting the culling of all 6000 ... An African swine fever outbreak has now hit Vietnam, after devastating pig stocks in China.. Credit:AP. ... Ho Chi Minh City: Vietnam has culled more than 1.7 million pigs as African swine fever spread across the country, with ...
more infohttps://www.theage.com.au/world/asia/vietnam-culls-1-7-million-pigs-as-swine-fever-spreads-20190527-p51rmo.html

Vietnam steps up measures to prevent African swine fever - ReutersVietnam steps up measures to prevent African swine fever - Reuters

Vietnamese authorities on Wednesday conducted drills to prevent the spread of African swine fever should there be an outbreak ... Last month, China reported outbreaks of African swine fever in several provinces, including Yunnan, a border province with ... HANOI (Reuters) - Vietnamese authorities on Wednesday conducted drills to prevent the spread of African swine fever should ... "If this fever infects our pigs, it will be a major hit to the economy, society, environment and food security," Chinh said. He ...
more infohttps://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-swinefever/vietnam-steps-up-measures-to-prevent-african-swine-fever-idUSKBN1O41FM?feedType=RSS&feedName=healthNews&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+reuters%2FhealthNews+%28Reuters+Health+News%29

China reports new outbreaks of African swine feverChina reports new outbreaks of African swine fever

Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in Chinas provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the ... Four new outbreaks of African swine fever have been reported in Chinas provinces of Jiangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan as well as the ...
more infohttps://www.gulf-times.com/story/613217/China-reports-new-outbreaks-of-African-swine-fever
  • Dixon, L. K. 2006-12-01 00:00:00 Variable regions of the African swine fever virus genome, which contain arrays of tandem repeats, were compared in the genomes of isolates obtained over a 40-year period. (deepdyve.com)
  • Comparison of the size of products generated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from four different genome regions, within the B602L and KP86R genes and intergenic regions J286L and BtSj, placed 43 closely related isolated from Europe, the Caribbean, West and Central Africa into 17 different virus sub-groups. (deepdyve.com)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious acute hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs caused by a large icosahedral DNA virus which produces a wide range of clinical signs. (barnardhealth.us)
  • A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Ministries of Agriculture in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. (frontiersin.org)
  • To make this program as effective and efficient as possible, USDA will add ASF testing to our existing classical swine fever (CSF) surveillance. (usda.gov)
  • USDA is working closely with other federal and state agencies, the swine industry, and producers to take the necessary actions to protect our nation's pigs and keep this disease out. (usda.gov)
  • I think the most important thing we're doing from a USDA point of view is our coordination with the swine industry. (aginfo.com)
  • USDA is implementing an African Swine Fever (ASF) surveillance plan to enhance its preparedness efforts. (constantcontact.com)
  • USDA plans to add ASF testing to its existing classical swine fever surveillance. (constantcontact.com)
  • When Hardy, a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) trained detector dog, sniffed out a roasted pig head in traveler baggage at Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International airport early this month, it underscored the efforts USDA and its partners are undertaking to keep African Swine Fever (ASF), a swine disease that could devastate the U.S. pork producers, from entering the country. (southeastagnet.com)
  • If this fever infects our pigs, it will be a major hit to the economy, society, environment and food security," Chinh said. (reuters.com)
  • A report from January 21st state that the fever has already spread through a great number of the pigs in Kambundi Katembo and Luquembo. (healthmap.org)
  • It causes fever and results in very high pig mortality. (fao.org)
  • Pigs can acquire African Swine Fever by eating infected meat or tissues, by direct contact with an infected pig, and by contact with contaminated material and equipment, such as buckets, needles, clothing and vehicles. (fao.org)
  • It is recommended for travellers to avoid private importation of all meat products containing swine or wild boar meat as gifts or travel snacks from countries where African swine fever has been detected, for example Estonia. (tulli.fi)
  • The spectre of African Swine Fever (ASF) rose its head in Sarawak recently when one out of 17 samples of canned pork luncheon meat imported from China was found to contain the ASF DNA . (thestar.com.my)
  • checking each pig to see whether it has fever or not and testing on even the slightest of symptoms," he said. (startribune.com)
  • Information on the epidemic wasting disease of pigs (PMWS) and porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), and the possible confusion of their symptoms with swine fever. (dmoztools.net)
  • Why is African Swine Fever a Concern? (usda.gov)
  • It causes malaise, fever, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, disseminated intravascular coagulation (where blood clots develop abnormally in the bloodstream) and death in both wild and domestic pigs. (thestar.com.my)
  • A senior Lithuanian veterinary official has played down Belgium's suspicions that African swine fever (ASF) could have been brought to the country from the. (delfi.lt)
  • 2007 Central Luzon hog cholera outbreak Animal viruses Classical Swine Fever, The Center for Food Security and Public Health / The Institute for International Cooperation in Animal Biologics, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, update September 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kansas State University is researching how the U.S. can combat African swine fever. (southeastagnet.com)
  • SEOUL, South Korea - South Korea is culling thousands of pigs after confirming African swine fever at a farm near its border with North Korea, which had an outbreak in May. (startribune.com)
  • An outbreak of swine fever has been recorded on a pig farm in Lithuania's northern district of Akmene, operated by Denmark's Idavang, Lithuania's State. (delfi.lt)
  • To protect the U.S. pork supply from a foreign animal disease outbreak, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection is advising swine owners and veterinarians about enhanced biosecurity practices, the medical signs for African swine fever, and how to report suspected cases of this disease. (wi.gov)
  • Greg Ibach, Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, says efforts are underway to coordinate with the swine industry on African Swine Fever issues. (aginfo.com)
  • If you suspect any foreign animal disease of swine report this immediately to your veterinarian who will make a medical determination. (wi.gov)
  • If a veterinarian suspects African swine fever, they must report the finding to DATCP as soon as possible - within one day (state law). (wi.gov)
  • A literature review of non-animal origin feed ingredients and the transmission of viral pathogens of swine. (usda.gov)
  • This is a dramatic development in the international distribution of African Swine Fever, which has been almost entirely confined to sub-Saharan Africa since 1990," said Jan Slingenbergh, FAO Senior Animal Health Officer. (fao.org)
  • ASF was first reported in Kenya and has remained in Africa for much of its history. (thestar.com.my)