American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Genealogy and HeraldryAfricaPolymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Trypanosomiasis, African: A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Trinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Patient Handoff: The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.Medical Subject Headings: Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Subject Headings: Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Islets of Langerhans: Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (~5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN.Insulin-Secreting Cells: A type of pancreatic cell representing about 50-80% of the islet cells. Beta cells secrete INSULIN.Remission Induction: Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1: A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Social Facilitation: Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)

Identification of DNA polymorphisms associated with the V type alpha1-antitrypsin gene. (1/5501)

alpha1-Antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) is a highly polymorphic protein. The V allele of alpha1-AT has been shown to be associated with focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) in Negroid and mixed race South African patients. To identify mutations and polymorphisms in the gene for the V allele of alpha1-AT in five South African patients with FGS nephrotic syndrome DNA sequence analysis and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the coding exons were carried out. Four of the patients were heterozygous for the BstEII RFLP in exon III [M1(Val213)(Ala213)] and one patient was a M1(Ala213) homozygote. The mutation for the V allele was identified in exon II as Gly-148 (GGG)-->Arg (AGG) and in all patients was associated with a silent mutation at position 158 (AAC-->AAT). The patient who was homozygous for (Ala213) also had a silent mutation at position 256 in exon III (GAT-->GAC) which was not present in any of the other four patients. Although the V allele of alpha1-AT is not associated with severe plasma deficiency, it may be in linkage disequilibrium with other genes on chromosome 14 that predispose to FGS. Furthermore, the associated silent mutation at position 158 and the Ala213 polymorphism are of interest, as these could represent an evolutionary intermediate between the M1(Ala213) and M1(Val213) subtypes.  (+info)

NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction in salt-sensitive African Americans: antipressor and hemodynamic effects of potassium bicarbonate. (2/5501)

In 16 African Americans (blacks, 14 men, 2 women) with average admission mean arterial pressure (MAP, mm Hg) 99.9+/-3.5 (mean+/-SEM), we investigated whether NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction attends salt sensitivity and, if so, whether supplemental KHCO3 ameliorates both conditions. Throughout a 3-week period under controlled metabolic conditions, all subjects ate diets containing 15 mmol NaCl and 30 mmol potassium (K+) (per 70 kg body wt [BW] per day). Throughout weeks 2 and 3, NaCl was loaded to 250 mmol/d; throughout week 3, dietary K+ was supplemented to 170 mmol/d (KHCO3). On the last day of each study week, we measured renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using renal clearances of PAH and inulin. Ten subjects were salt sensitive (SS) (DeltaMAP >+5%) and 6 salt resistant (SR). In NaCl-loaded SS but not SR subjects, RBF (mL/min/1.73 m2) decreased from 920+/-75 to 828+/-46 (P<0.05); filtration fraction (FF, %) increased from 19. 4+/- to 21.4 (P<0.001); and renal vascular resistance (RVR) (10(3)xmm Hg/[mL/min]) increased from 101+/-8 to 131+/-10 (P<0.001). In all subjects combined, DeltaMAP varied inversely with DeltaRBF (r =-0.57, P=0.02) and directly with DeltaRVR (r = 0.65, P=0.006) and DeltaFF (r = 0.59, P=0.03), but not with MAP before NaCl loading. When supplemental KHCO3 abolished the pressor effect of NaCl in SS subjects, RBF was unaffected but GFR and FF decreased. The results show that in marginally K+-deficient blacks (1) NaCl-induced renal vasoconstrictive dysfunction attends salt sensitivity; (2) the dysfunction varies in extent directly with the NaCl-induced increase in blood pressure (BP); and (3) is complexly affected by supplemented KHCO3, GFR and FF decreasing but RBF not changing. In blacks, NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction may be a pathogenetic event in salt sensitivity.  (+info)

Heart rate and subsequent blood pressure in young adults: the CARDIA study. (3/5501)

The objective of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that baseline heart rate (HR) predicts subsequent blood pressure (BP) independently of baseline BP. In the multicenter longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study of black and white men and women initially aged 18 to 30 years, we studied 4762 participants who were not current users of antihypertensive drugs and had no history of heart problems at the baseline examination (1985-1986). In each race-sex subgroup, we estimated the effect of baseline HR on BP 2, 5, 7, and 10 years later by use of repeated measures regression analysis, adjusting for baseline BP, age, education, body fatness, physical fitness, fasting insulin, parental hypertension, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, and change of body mass index from baseline. The association between baseline HR and subsequent systolic BP (SBP) was explained by multivariable adjustment. However, HR was an independent predictor of subsequent diastolic BP (DBP) regardless of initial BP and other confounders in white men, white women, and black men (0.7 mm Hg increase per 10 bpm). We incorporated the part of the association that was already present at baseline by not adjusting for baseline DBP: the mean increase in subsequent DBP was 1.3 mm Hg per 10 bpm in white men, white women, and black men. A high HR may be considered a risk factor for subsequent high DBP in young persons.  (+info)

Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups. (4/5501)

OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (5/5501)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Racial differences in the outcome of left ventricular dysfunction. (6/5501)

BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that black patients with congestive heart failure have a higher mortality rate than whites with the same condition. This finding has been attributed to differences in the severity, causes, and management of heart failure, the prevalence of coexisting conditions, and socioeconomic factors. Although these factors probably account for some of the higher mortality due to congestive heart failure among blacks, we hypothesized that racial differences in the natural history of left ventricular dysfunction might also have a role. METHODS: Using data from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention and treatment trials, in which all patients received standardized therapy and follow-up, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the outcomes of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction among black and white participants. The mean (+/-SD) follow-up was 34.2+/-14.0 months in the prevention trial and 32.3+/-14.8 months in the treatment trial among the black and white participants. RESULTS: The overall mortality rates in the prevention trial were 8.1 per 100 person-years for blacks and 5.1 per 100 person years for whites. In the treatment trial, the rates were 16.7 per 100 person-years and 13.4 per 100 person-years, respectively. After adjustment for age, coexisting conditions, severity and causes of heart failure, and use of medications, blacks had a higher risk of death from all causes in both the SOLVD prevention trial (relative risk, 1.36; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.74; P=0.02) and the treatment trial (relative risk, 1.25; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.50; P=0.02). In both trials blacks were also at higher risk for death due to pump failure and for the combined end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for heart failure, our two predefined indicators of the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Blacks with mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction appear to be at higher risk for progression of heart failure and death from any cause than similarly treated whites. These results suggest that there may be racial differences in the outcome of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (7/5501)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Genetic polymorphism and interethnic variability of plasma paroxonase activity. (8/5501)

A method for determining plasma paroxonase activity using an auto-analyser is described. Frequency distributions for British and Indian subjects show bimodality. A study of 40 British families confirms the presence of a genetic polymorphism with regard to plasma paroxonase activity. Two phenotypes can be defined, controlled by two alleles at one autosomal locus. The frequency of the low activity phenotype is less in the Indian population than in the British population. Malay, Chinese, and African subjects fail to show obvious bimodality.  (+info)

To better understand the impact of the African Diaspora in the Western Hemisphere on genetic diversity, Northwestern Medicine scientists collaborated with scientists as part of the Consortium on Asthma Among African-Ancestry Populations in the Americas (CAAPA), which examined data from the largest whole-genome sequencing study on populations with African ancestry in the Americas, in research published in Nature Communications.. "The African Diaspora populations across North, Central and South America are the result of a forced migration, with varying contributions of ancestral populations to the current-day diaspora populations in these countries," said co-author Rajesh Kumar, MD, associate professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Allergy and Immunology. "This effort, led by Dr. Barnes, the senior author and a professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, is the first whole-genome sequencing of African-admixed individuals in the Americas on this scale. It will serve as ...
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Reported findings on the relationship between adiposity and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) risk in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are contradictory and originate in developed populations. Approximately 80% of ACVD now occurs in developing countries. We aimed to ascertain the associations of clinical obesity measures with metabolic cardiovascular risk and atherosclerosis in African women with RA from a developing black and developed Caucasian population. The associations of body mass index (BMI) as an indicator of overall adiposity and waist circumference and waist-to-height and waist-to-hip ratios as abdominal obesity indices with metabolic risk factors and high resolution B-mode ultrasound-determined carotid artery atherosclerosis were assessed in multivariate regression models in 203 African women with established RA; 108 were black and 95 Caucasian. BMI and waist-to-height ratio were higher in African black compared to Caucasian women (29.9 (6.6) versus 25.3 (4.9) kg/m2, P = 0.002 and 0.59
Humble Beginnings Nubian Heritage is the brainchild of two New York street vendors. In 1992, fresh out of college and without jobs, Rich and Nyema embarked on a mission to produce luxurious natural products from traditional African recipes with fair trade ingredients. Today Nubian Heritage offers culturally ancient healing philosophies. Although Nubian Heritage products are no longer made in bath tubs, little else has changed; the company still makes its own products, still uses fair trade ingredients and still invests in community commerce.. Heritage. For centuries, African Black Soap has been used in Africa to cleanse and care for the skin. Historical references to Shea Butter, a staple of African pharmacology, date back to the reported Shea Butter caravans of Cleopatras Egypt. Complementing the ingredients detoxifying properties, our package pattern symbolizes purity and commemorates the strong community identity textiles have in Africa with each community have their own unique designs. ...
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As part of the Global Village, the institute will partner with the African Black Diaspora Global Network on HIV/AIDS (ABDGN), will sponsor question-and-answer sessions with several plenary speakers at the conference and will publish a "roadmap," or guide, highlighting speaking sessions, performances, video presentations and panel discussions on HIV/AIDS geared toward members of the African Diaspora, communities with common links to African heritage. Baran says, more often than not, black communities across the globe have shared experiences of higher rates of HIV, higher incidences of poverty and less access to health care. Conference attendees receiving current, accurate information about HIV/AIDS, Baran explains, can take that information back to their communities and serve as authorities who can combat myths or misinformation that persist in some communities worldwide, whether its erroneous information about whos at risk or various conspiracy theories. "We are constantly trying to move ...
Intensive study and analysis of selected Afro-American problems and issues of limited scope, approached within an interdisciplinary format. Topics will vary, but will ordinarily cut across departmental concentration areas. Summer 2011 Topics RACE, CLASS, AND LITERACY (10570) CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE-WHITENESS (10568 & 10569 ...
What really happens when a White man crosses the color line in the 21st Century by marrying a Black woman | My Black Family and My White Male Privilege Monday, June 17, 2013 on A Safe Place to Talk About Race | VoiceAmerica - The Leader in Internet Media
T Morrison article discussing black womens indifference to current womens liberation movement says that Weltanschauung (philosophy) of black women is responsible for this indifference; cites black womens distrust of movement because it is largely white dominated and possibly, in opinion of black women, racist; notes that black women have known freedom white women are seeking under different label, responsibility; says black women are unable to understand new mutual interests between white women and black men because of sense of superiority; also attributes reluctance to join liberation movement to black males opposition based on their belief that black womens support of this cause may weaken black liberation struggle; describes womens liberation movement as an attempt by whites to become black without accepting responsibilities of being black; illus
Four out of five black women are seriously overweight. One out of four middle-aged black women has diabetes. With $174 billion a year spent on diabetes-related illness in America and obesity quickly overtaking smoking as a cause of cancer deaths, it is past time to try something new.. What we need is a body-culture revolution in black America. Why? Because too many experts who are involved in the discussion of obesity dont understand something crucial about black women and fat: many black women are fat because we want to be.. The black poet Lucille Cliftons 1987 poem "Homage to My Hips" begins with the boast, "These hips are big hips." She establishes big black hips as something a woman would want to have and a man would desire. She wasnt the first or the only one to reflect this community knowledge. {snip}. {snip}. How many white girls in the 60s grew up praying for fat thighs? I know I did. I asked God to give me big thighs like my dancing teacher, Diane. There was no way I wanted to look ...
ERNEST MORRELL is the Macy Professor of English Education and Director of the Institute for Urban and Minority Education (IUME) at Teachers College, Columbia University. He is also an elected Fellow of the American Educational Research Association a past-president of the National Council of Teachers of English, and an appointed member of the International Literacy Associations Research Panel. In 2016, Ernest was ranked among the top 100 university-based education scholars in the Annual EdWeek RHSU Edu-Scholar Public Influence Rankings. Ernest is also the recipient of the 2017 Divergent Award for Excellence in 21st Century Literacies. His scholarly interests include: (1) Anti-colonial and critical practices in the Teaching of English (2) Literature for Children (3) The African Diaspora as Imagined Community (4) Literature and Popular Culture in the African Diaspora, and (5) critical media pedagogies and youth popular cultural production in the digital age. Ernest has written more than 75 ...
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Hypertension detected in young black women by routine screening in a family planning clinics.: The prevalence of hypertension, defined as a diastolic blood pres
Claiming that black women are genocidal and violent "for our own good" is just a continuation of the same overt disrespect we so often encounter from those who claim to want to help us. FYI - this aint the first time yall have tried to make the case that black women are somehow incapable of making decisions whether to have children, how to have children and how to raise the children we have in quite another ...
Claiming that black women are genocidal and violent "for our own good" is just a continuation of the same overt disrespect we so often encounter from those who claim to want to help us. FYI - this aint the first time yall have tried to make the case that black women are somehow incapable of making decisions whether to have children, how to have children and how to raise the children we have in quite another ...
Between 15 and 20 percent of black people carry a genetic mutation that puts them at risk for certain chronic kidney disease, but only about half of them develop the illness -- a variance that long has puzzled researchers. Now a study has found that the gene mutations toxic effects require higher than normal levels of a protein called suPAR to trigger the onset and progression of the disease.
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American politicians are now eager to disown a failed criminal-justice system thats left the U.S. with the largest incarcerated population in the world. But theyve failed to reckon with history. Fifty years after Daniel Patrick Moynihans report
In Knox County, black men are more likely than white men to die of colon cancer. Black women are more likely than white women to die of breast cancer.
(HealthDay)-Black children are less likely to be prescribed antibiotics and to be diagnosed with conditions that require antibiotics, even when treated by the same doctor, according to research published online March 18 ...
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White supremacy will reassert itself as it has through history if white people dont sustain their focus and turn the moment into a movement.
While IUI success rates for Black patients seem to track those of Caucasian patients, IVF success rates are roughly half as high. Here well breakdown the data.
An inspirational list: 20 Bessie Coleman facts: Americas first black female pilot. Bessie Coleman was ahead of her time. Coleman was the very first
To connect you with your Congressional District, please enter your street address below. Your street address will not be visible to the public or used for anything other than determining your Congressional District.**. ...
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
When you begin to appreciate my natural kinks and curls instead of paying people to make your straight hair look the same, maybe Ill be quiet.
A new study finds that black people are less likely to keep their viral load down on Atripla -- and that more trouble with side effects may be the reason.
Yes! Blood does matter to the Creek nation. Blood quantum was used to determine restrictions of alloted land and Black families with blood quantums were removed (transferred) from the by blood roll to the freedmen roll (mother not of Indian blood). The following are Creek freedmen families I have
Black people, on average, are more likely to die of cancer than white people. Is part of that difference genetic? The Journal of the National Cancer In ...
Objectives: The present study investigated how the serum lipids responded to a high-fat meal in black South African subjects with different APOE genotypes, a population that until recently was reported to be consuming a traditional diet of low fat and high carbohydrates. Methods: Sixty students (males and females) of the University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus were successfully genotyped using Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and grouped into four APOE genotype groups; ε2, ε2/ε4, ε3 and ε4. Only thirty-three subjects volunteered to participate in the oral fat-tolerance test (OFTT), but two were excluded for having abnormal total cholesterol (6.05 mmol/l) and LDL cholesterol (3.12 mmol/l) so only 31 subjects were left. The numbers per group were ε2=5, ε2/ε4=8, ε3=9 and ε4=9. After an overnight fast blood was drawn for measurements of baseline serum parameters. Subjects were administered a high fat meal 30 minutes after the baseline blood sample was drawn. Blood was drawn ...
Background and Purpose- Stroke associated with HIV infection is poorly characterized. In this study we analyze the association in a black African population.. Methods- The clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of 35 hospital-based black South African, heterosexual, HIV-infected patients who did not abuse intravenous drugs and presented with strokes were prospectively studied. The patients were antiretroviral therapy naive. Patients with other intracranial space-occupying lesions were excluded from the study.. Results- The age range was 20 to 61 years (mean, 32.1 years). There were 21 female and 14 male patients, with a female to male ratio of 1.5:1. Cerebral infarction occurred in 33 patients (94%) and intracerebral hemorrhage in 2 patients (6%). Underlying causes were identified in 30 of the 35 patients (86%) and included coagulopathies, meningitis, cardioembolism, and hypertension. The most common coagulopathy was protein S deficiency. No cause was found in 5 patients ...
Kew, M. C., Song, E., Mohammed, A. and Hodkinson, J. (1990), Contraceptive steroids as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma: A case/control study in south african black women. Hepatology, 11: 298-302. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840110221 ...
Plasma renin activity was measured in the arterial blood, peripheral venous blood, uterine venous blood and in the urine of pregnant South African Blacks, 14 normotensives and 19 with specific hypertensive disease.
Using GBTM, we identified 3 sex-specific trajectories for SBP and DBP; each showing gradual increases in BP with age in Black South African children. In boys, upper and middle BP height-adjusted trajectory membership was inversely associated with birth weight and positively associated with relative weight gain and linear growth in infancy. Girls who experienced accelerated growth (both in weight and height) in infancy and childhood tended to be in the upper versus lower SBP trajectory, whereas rapid growth in infancy positively predicted being in the middle versus lower class. With regard to DBP in girls, rapid relative weight gain in infancy and mid-childhood was predictors for the upper and middle trajectories (in comparison to the lower trajectory). These findings support the hypothesis that accelerated relative weight gain in early life may program higher long-term disease risks.23. A major feature of our study is that we confirmed heterogeneity in BP over time in children and adolescents by ...
BACKGROUND:. The Duffy-null trait and ethnic netropenia are both highly prevalent in Africa. The influence of pre-seroconversion levels of peripheral blood cell counts (PBCs) on the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection among Africans is unknown.. METHODS:. The triangular relationship among pre-seroconversion PBC counts, host genotypes, and risk of HIV acquisition was determined in a prospective cohort of black South African high-risk female sex workers. Twenty-seven women had seroconversion during follow-up, and 115 remained HIV negative for 2 years, despite engaging in high-risk activity.. RESULTS:. Pre-seroconversion neutrophil counts in women who subsequently had seroconversion were significantly lower, whereas platelet counts were higher, compared with those who remained HIV negative. Comprising 27% of the cohort, subjects with pre-seroconversion neutrophil counts of ...
Eventbrite - African Diaspora Network presents African Diaspora Investment Symposium 2020 - Thursday, January 23, 2020 | Saturday, January 25, 2020 at Computer History Museum, Mountain View, CA. Find event and registration information.
JOHANNESBURG (Oct. 2). The King David Primary School, a Jewish school in Victoria Park, is teaching its first to fourth grade pupils South Sotho, a major language of South African Blacks. One 20-minute lesson a week is given which includes learning the morning prayers in South Sotho. The youngsters do their homework with the assistance of the Black family servants, according to their teacher, Mrs. Thelma Altschuler.. She said the lessons in South Sotho are intended to make the Jewish youngsters aware of the fact that Black people with whom they have daily contact at home have a culture of their own which is a closed book to the average white child in South Africa. The King David School museum recently held an exhibition of the customs, music and dress of the South Sothos.. Mrs. Altschuler, who was born and lived for 20 years on a farm in Ficksburg, on the Lesotho border, learned the language of that South African Black region as a child, along with English and Afrikaans. The latter, a form of ...
Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is common in Black populations of sub-Saharan Africa, with high incidence regions in East and South Africa. Clinical presentation in Africa is late, and treatment is mainly palliative with a very poor prognosis. Various environmental risk factors have been identified, but the possible contribution of genetics to disease risk is an important question which is unresolved. The main purpose of this project is to rest the hypothesis that genetic variation in the South African Black population contributes significantly to the risk of this type of cancer. This will be done by testing genetic risk factors for OSCC which have been identified in other populations for association with OSCC in the South African Black population, and by carrying out fine-scale genetic mapping in positive regions of the genome to identify causal genes and variants. Recently we have also embarked on what is known as a genome-wide scan for genetic factors involved in OSCC. This ...
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November 17, 2006.Nlm.nih.gov: Asian Continental Ancestry Group is also used for categorical purposes. British Sociological ... In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. Due to the high number of Indians in South Africa, in ... But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into " ... In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly ...
Mauritius also contains substantial populations from continental Africa, China, France, Great Britain and the East African ... Franco-Mauritians (Mauritian of French ancestry) are numbered about 13,000. The Franco-Mauritian group, mostly are the ... While the government officially groups Mauritians in four ethnic groups: Hindus, Muslims, Chinese and General population. The ... Creoles (of African descent or mixed-race) are about a quarter of the population. There are approximately 30,000 Sino- ...
... continental population groups MeSH M01.686.508.100 --- african continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.100.100 --- african ... european continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.600 --- oceanic ancestry group MeSH M01.686.754 --- ethnic groups MeSH ... american native continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.150.575 --- indians, central american MeSH M01.686.508.150.600 --- ... asian continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.200.100 --- asian americans MeSH M01.686.508.400 --- ...
African Continental Ancestry Group and European Continental Ancestry Group.) Rushton uses averages of hundreds of studies, ... in favor of terms such as African Continental Ancestry Group: The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks, and its four children ( ... terms have since been replaced in the scientific literature-the MeSH terminology as of 2004 is Asian Continental Ancestry Group ... Citing genetic research by Cavalli-Sforza, the African Eve hypothesis, and the out of Africa theory, Rushton writes that ...
Many of these people also have African ancestry. A significant minority of early Chinese immigrants to Hawaii, and even fewer ... One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. One example is a blog by ... A small number of Hakka came to the continental US before the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. Some Hakka also went to Hawaii, where ... There was a communal ban on intermarriages between the two groups for the first generation of migrants. In the middle of the ...
Indirect evidence of an Archaean ancestry for the Bangweulu Block is provided by detrital zircons within the Mporokoso Group, ... and is overlain by a Palaeoproterozoic continental sedimentary succession, the Mporokoso Group, and does not preserve much ... The Bangweulu Block is a cratonic unit that forms part of the Congo craton of central Africa. The Bangweulu Block however ... the Central African Copperbelt (Rainaud et al., 2003). This indicates the presence of a ca. 3.2 Ga terrane called the Likasi ...
... many individuals affiliate with two or more continental groups. Thus, the genetically based "biogeographical ancestry" assigned ... human Y-chromosomes trace ancestry to Africa, and the descendants of the derived lineage left Africa and eventually were ... of the variation in human head shapes occurs within continental groups, and ~10% separates groups, with a greater variability ... and some left Africa through East Africa. Observations consistent with this are that Africa contains the most human genetic ...
Sub-Saharan Africa comprising speakers of different African language groups which live south of the Sahara). It is important to ... The YHRD defines six continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa, ... criterion seems most appropriate to group data by taking the ancestry into account and produce subdatabases with respect to ... Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. The concept ...
found Sub-Saharan ancestry throughout Europe at ranges of between 1-4%, "the highest proportion of African ancestry in Europe ... found Iberian populations to cluster the furthest from other continental groups, implying that Iberia holds the most ancient ... of shared ancestry with north africans, although the Canary islands are a spanish exclave located in the african continent, and ... concluding that Portugal and Spain hold significant levels of North African ancestry. Estimates of shared ancestry averaged ...
When one samples continental groups, the clusters become continental; with other sampling patterns, the clusters would be ... Native American and African ancestry. In Brazil there has been extensive admixture between Europeans, Amerindians and Africans ... or group) corresponds to only one ethnic group. African Americans have an estimated 10-20-percent European genetic admixture; ... among Europeans 15 percent were group B and 40 percent group A. Eastern Europeans and Russians had a higher incidence of group ...
"Dissecting the within-Africa ancestry of populations of African descent in the Americas". PLOS ONE. 6 (1): e14495. doi:10.1371/ ... Montinaro F, Davies J, Capelli C (2016). "Group membership, geography and shared ancestry: Genetic variation in the Basotho of ... "Inferring continental ancestry of argentineans from Autosomal, Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Human Genetics. ... Central Africa, and South Africa. The clade is borne by a majority of Dir clan Somalis in the Horn of Africa; among Kurru, ...
African ancestryEdit. Y-DNA and mtDNA testing may be able to determine with which peoples in present-day Africa a person shares ... "mtDNA-haplogroup membership provides limited information about either continental ancestry or continental region of origin."[28 ... This is usually done by comparing the frequency of each Autosomal DNA marker tested to many population groups.[26] The ... "Patriclan: Trace Your Paternal Ancestry". African Ancestry. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.. ...
Greeks possess none of the lineages denoting North African ancestry within the last 5000 years and have only 2% (3/148) of the ... Antonio Arnaiz-Villena is a Spanish immunologist noted for his controversial research into the genetic history of ethnic groups ... Additionally, in a sample of 366 Greeks from thirteen locations in continental Greece, Crete, Lesvos and Chios, a single ... No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low ...
... and implied dual ancestry for each region, involving interbreeding with Africans. Thorne held that there was regional ... though it is also consistent with a mixture of two long isolated groups within Africa; it is not consistent with a recent ... Theory proponents also explain this with the fact that genetic changes occur on a regional basis rather than a continental ... was relatively recent and African seemed to give the upper hand to the proponents of the Out of Africa hypothesis. But in 2002 ...
In continental southern Africa, the extreme temperatures range from -10 °C (14 °F) for P. succulentum locations to as much as ... There are no fossil records of Pachypodium, a fact that does exclude analysis to determine common ancestry and current ... The broken geological formations of locally xeric landscapes tend to break up populations into smaller groups so that each ... Pachypodium represent the dry flora of continental Africa and Madagascar. The genus grows in areas where there are significant ...
Continental Americans, although small in number in comparison with Caribbean immigrants, have also been part of the St. Croix ... Croix are persons who can trace their ancestry to the era prior to U.S. Virgin Islands acquisition of American citizenship in ... The island was inhabited by various indigenous groups during its prehistory. Christopher Columbus landed on Santa Cruz, as he ... Croix's population) largely consist of the descendants of enslaved Africans brought to the island by Europeans during the 18th ...
This may be the case but evidence for the large scale if not total submergence of continental crust in the New Zealand and New ... It is named Mimnermidae or Henicidae in some taxonomies, and common names include king crickets in South Africa and weta in New ... The modern distribution of this family in the southern hemisphere has led to speculation that members of this group owe their ... The distribution of this family reflects a common ancestry before the fragmenting of Gondwana. By virtue of their ability to ...
When one samples continental groups the clusters become continental; if one had chosen other sampling patterns the clustering ... a person having Western European and Western African ancestries may have ancestors from Western Europe and West Africa, or ... Bantu populations grouped with other Niger-Congo-speaking populations from West Africa. African Americans largely belonged to ... Their analysis also found that non-African populations are a taxonomic subgroup of African populations, that "some African ...
Of the population 7.08% were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. The town has a population of 4,138 with a median age of 34.6. The ... In 2012, TEK Park was sold to MRA Group for $50 million. As of the 2010 census, Breinigsville consists of 51.11% females and ... The population is made of 79.92% White Non-Hispanic, 5.24% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American or Alaskan Native, ... Breinigsville lies within the humid continental climate zone (Köppen: Dfa ), and experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are ...
Persons Who Reported a Single Ancestry Group for Regions, Divisions and States: 1980 Table 1. Type of Ancestry Response for ... In the early years, the line between white indentured servants and African laborers was vague, as some Africans also arrived ... As the British army moved north toward Virginia, the Southern Division of the Continental Army and local militia prepared to ... the first African American to be elected mayor, and the first African American to be elected mayor in a white-majority city of ...
The number of enslaved Africans bought from the Caribbean increased in the 18th century, as the continental U.S. broadened its ... "Table 1. First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. ... The Caribbean is the source of the United States' earliest and largest Black immigrant group and the primary source of growth ... These slaves, many of whom were born in Africa, number among the first people of African origin imported to the British ...
A group of species fit the species flock concept if they exhibit species richness, a common ancestor and share the same area. ... Most fish move to shallower waters or areas with sloping continental shelves to spawn. Eggs are released in batches. ... With the cleavage of Australia, South America and Africa from each other, species of marine life separated. As Antarctica ... Evidence of adaptive radiation is common ancestry, early bursts of speciation that decrease with time and a correlation between ...
The origins of country are in rural Southern folk music, which was primarily Irish and British, with African and continental ... During the mid-1970s, highly slick and commercial bands such as Philly soul group The O'Jays and blue-eyed soul group Hall & ... The Creoles are a community with varied non-Anglo ancestry, mostly descendant of people who lived in Louisiana before its ... African American music includes blues and gospel, descendants of West African music brought to the Americas by slaves and mixed ...
The largest group were the Lebanese and an estimated 400,000 Mexicans have some Lebanese ancestry.[268] Smaller ethnic groups ... is an ethnic group made up of descendants of Colonial-era slaves and recent immigrants of sub-Saharan African descent. Mexico ... among other statistics the relatively low frequency of marriages between people of different continental ancestries in colonial ... based on appearance rather than on self-declared of ancestry).[258][259][260] Less numerous groups in Mexico such as Asians and ...
Another group of Filipinos who immigrated to the Bay Area was war brides, many of whom married African-American "buffalo ... By the early 2010s estimates were there were around 90,000 Filipinos living in the region, being the largest Asian-ancestry in ... the San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area had the largest population of Filipinos of any metropolitan area in the continental ... ethnic group in the country, and they are projected to be the largest AAPI groups when the results of the 2010 census come out ...
About 4% of the population is of non-African ancestry. Many are French,[93] Lebanese,[94][95] Vietnamese and Spanish citizens, ... The group has had a major impact on the sub-Saharan region of Africa, particularly Ivory Coast. By 2030, they plan to have ... African Economic Community. *NEPAD. *African Continental Free Trade Area. *Single African Air Transport Market ... Ethnic groups[edit]. Ethnic groups in Ivory Coast include Akan (42.1%), Voltaiques or Gur (17.6%), Northern Mandés (16.5%), ...
This article begins to fill that gap by exploring the situation of 62 women from different parts of Africa receiving treatment ... This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study conducted among Xhosa-speaking adolescent women in South Africa which ... Showing roughness in a beautiful way: talk about love, coercion, and rape in South African youth sexual culture. ... Stature increase is minimal (though seventeenth century Londoners and modern West Africans are shorter than Colonial to Modern ...
African Continental Ancestry Group ✖Remove constraint Subjects: African Continental Ancestry Group Genre Posters ✖Remove ...
Results of search for su:{African continental ancestry group} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently ... by Biesheuvel, S , Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of ... Non-infective disease in Africa; the peculiarities of medical non-infective diseases in the indigenous inhabitants of Africa ... Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of the Sahara ...
Continental Population Groups. M1.686.508. African Continental Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686. ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins Categories I and M:. The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks,and its four children (Australoid ... Other revised chemical groups include Xanthones and Flavonoids. Many of the flavones required retreeing to the appropriate area ...
Blacks was a 2003 MeSH Heading that became an entry term to the new 2004 heading African Continental Ancestry Group, but all ... which is treed under the African Continental Ancestry Group. Some additional maintenance was performed as well; citations that ... that were also indexed to countries other than the United States had the new MeSH heading African Continental Ancestry Group ... For 2003 the MeSH heading Actinobacteria Group was deleted and all occurrences of that term in MEDLINE were replaced by the new ...
African continental ancestry group} and su-geo:Africa. Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available items. ... by Biesheuvel, S , Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of ... Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of the Sahara ... Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of the Sahara ...
... unselected African-Americans with Type 2 diabetes, treated intensively using pharmacological agents, education and diet ... African Americans * African Continental Ancestry Group* * Aged * Biomarkers / blood * Blood Glucose / metabolism* ... Near-normoglycaemic remission in African-Americans with Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with recovery of beta cell ... Conclusions: Forty-two per cent of newly diagnosed, unselected African-Americans with Type 2 diabetes, treated intensively ...
This study was conducted to examine the effect of urban living on smoking attitudes among black African women in South Africa. ... African Continental Ancestry Group * Aged * Analysis of Variance * Cross-Sectional Studies * Female ... This study was conducted to examine the effect of urban living on smoking attitudes among black African women in South Africa. ... South Africa J Urban Health. 2008 Jul;85(4):472-85. doi: 10.1007/s11524-008-9286-7. ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. Schackman BR, Ribaudo HJ, Krambrink A, Hughes V, Kuritzkes DR, Gulick RM. "Racial ... African Americans. Ribaudo HJ, Smith KY, Robbins GK, et al. "Racial differences in response to antiretroviral therapy for HIV ... an AIDS clinical trials group (ACTG) study analysis." Clin. Infect. Dis.. 2013;57(11):1607-17. ... an AIDS clinical trials group (ACTG) study analysis." Clin. Infect. Dis.. 2013;57(11):1607-17. ...
Activities of Daily Living • Adaptation, Physiological • Adaptation, Psychological • Adult • African Continental Ancestry Group ... European Continental Ancestry Group • Evolution • Fear • Feeding Behavior • Female • Forearm • Fossils • Gait • Gait Disorders ...
1 search for keyword(s) European Continental Ancestry Group Add the result to your basket Refine your search Generate the RSS ... Medical Publishing Group , South African Medical Journal, ISSN 2078-5135 , 2017 ... African Index Medicus. ZI de Mont/Loir BP 10023. 72500 CHATEAU DU LOIR. France 02 43 440 660. contact ... B. L. Diffey, Author ; M. Norval, Author ; P. N. Albers, Author ; C. Y. Wright, Author , Pretoria [South Africa] : Health & ...
African Continental Ancestry Group*. Child. Contraception / statistics & numerical data. European Continental Ancestry Group*. ... Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, ... group differences in black -4.3 [-6.7, -2.0]; P , .001 and white: -4.5 [-8.2, -0.7]; P = .016) and greater increments in ... fasting triglycerides (mg/dL; adjusted mean [95% confidence interval] group differences in black: 10.4 [3.9, 16.8]; P , .001, ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. Blood Pressure*. Dietary Fats / administration & dosage. Dietary Fiber / administration & ... European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Humans. Hypertension / diet therapy*, ethnology, prevention & control*. Male. ... African-American and other minority groups will comprise 67% of the population. Participants will eat one of the three dietary ...
1 search for keyword(s) Huntington DiseaseGenetic HeterogeneityAfrican Continental Ancestry Group Add the result to your ... African Index Medicus. ZI de Mont/Loir BP 10023. 72500 CHATEAU DU LOIR. France 02 43 440 660. contact ... Huntingtons Disease Genetic Heterogeneity in African Patients Daliwonga Sithembele; M.Krause; A.Bonev; V.Moagi; M.Iqbal; Z. ...
... "african continental ancestry group" [MeSH Terms] OR ("African" [All Fields] AND "continental" [All Fields] AND "ancestry" [All ... "african continental ancestry group" [All Fields] OR "blacks" [All Fields]) OR ("african americans" [MeSH Terms] OR ("african" [ ... The following search terms were used: atrial fibrillation, blacks, African American, African continental ancestry group, race, ... Using ancestry informative markers, Marcus et al. observed that increasing European ancestry, as opposed to African ancestry, ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. genetics. Anti-HIV Agents. pharmacokinetics. Benzoxazines. pharmacokinetics. Dose-Response ...
Categories: African Continental Ancestry Group Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Sanderson Cox L, Okuyemi KS, Choi WS, Kaur H, Ahluwalia JS. Predictors ... Predictors of quitting among African American light smokers enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of ... Predictors of quitting among African American light smokers enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of ... Predictors of quitting among African American light smokers enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of ...
African Continental Ancestry Group Child Child Abuse Child Protective Services Child, Preschool Chronic Disease Female Health ... Our objective was to describe a group of children reported to child protective services (CPS) for medical neglect to define ...
African Continental Ancestry Group/*psychology. Resnicow K, Davis RE, Zhang G, Konkel J, Strecher VJ, Shaikh AR, Tolsma D, ... African Americans. Resnicow K, Jackson A, Blissett D, Wang T, McCarty F, Rahotep S, Periasamy S. Results of the healthy body ... African Americans/*psychology. Resnicow K, Jackson A, Wang T, De AK, McCarty F, Dudley WN, Baranowski T. A motivational ... Dietary change through African American churches: Baseline results and program description of the eat for life trial. Journal ...
Ancestry was estimated by grouping data for populations sampled in Europe, Africa and Native Americans into three continental ... We found extensive variation in Native American and European ancestry (and generally low levels of African ancestry) among ... The position of each blue dot on the triangle plot indicates the proportion of European, Native American and African ancestry ... The populations have been ordered left to right based on decreasing autosomal European ancestry. The values of these ancestry ...
November 17, 2006.Nlm.nih.gov: Asian Continental Ancestry Group is also used for categorical purposes. British Sociological ... In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. Due to the high number of Indians in South Africa, in ... But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into " ... In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly ...
3) West African (broad geographical region). 4) Non-European (i.e. Amerindian - continental group) ... West Africans in Haiti, Cuba, Ohio, Canada, and Senegal do not share a social identity, they do share genes and ancestry. ... "West African" is not just a social construct, because West Africans are not an ethnic group. ... If Lewontin wants to argue that Japanese, West-African, and Amerindian "ancestry" is informative about genetic differences ( ...
The Tibetan and Yi languages belong to the Tibeto-Bruman language group and their ancestries can be traced back to an ancient ... The PCA plot for world-wide samples showed that populations within a continental/regional group were clearly separated from one ... "out of Africa" theory. Tibetans are clustered within EA populations, in agreement with the results of ancestry analysis (Figure ... Ancestry analysis. We inferred individual ancestry proportions with the frappe program [44] for 30 individuals of our Tibetan ...
African Americans * Medicaid * Delivery of Health Care * Poverty * African Continental Ancestry Group ...
  • And, there were probably older, pre-Neolithic, episodes of admixture, as well, when different groups of modern humans expanded across the globa and mixed with older groups of modern humans, or, as it seems increasingly likely, with archaic humans as well. (blogspot.com)
  • After heading north out of Africa, humans spread to the east and west, populating Melanesia, Asia, and Europe, and eventually made their way across the Bering Strait into the Americas ~ 20,000 years ago. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This pattern of human evolution was turned upside down upon the arrival of Columbus in the New World a mere 500 years ago, which is less than 1% of the elapsed time since humans emerged from Africa. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In humans today there are not multiple biological groups called "races. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When I was but a wee cup o' broth a half-century ago in a little working-class town outside of Philadelphia, we referred to blacks as "colored people," which to me suggested that humans are all identical Barbie and Ken dolls coming down the same assembly line until a certain group gets shunted away to receive coloring. (takimag.com)
  • The old descriptor ANIMALS will be changed to ANIMAL POPULATION GROUPS. (nih.gov)
  • African-American and other minority groups will comprise 67% of the population. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In subgroup analyses, African American race was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of AF in the general population, those hospitalized or greater than 60 years old, postcoronary artery bypass surgery patients, and subjects with heart failure. (hindawi.com)
  • An admixture analysis allowing for Native American population subdivision revealed a differentiation of the Native American ancestry amongst Mestizos. (nih.gov)
  • Linear regression models were used to investigate the association between SES (individual and index measures) during infancy and anthropometric measures at age 7/8 years, controlling for sex, age, and population group. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Mean FST values for common putatively functional variants were significantly higher than FST values for nonfunctional variants.Thus, putative functional SNPs in genes in etiologic pathways for CVD show greater population differentiation than non-functional SNPs and a significant variance of FST values was noted among pairwise population comparisons for different biological processes.These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated patterns of population differentiation (FST) of a set of genes in etiologic pathways of CVD among 3 ethnic groups: Yoruba in Nigeria (YRI), Utah residents with European ancestry (CEU), and Han Chinese (CHB) + Japanese (JPT). (nih.gov)
  • Being an island population with an MANY international ports on each Island, the native people dont exist anymore after prolonged mixing with everyone from Africans to Europeans. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • For this study, we characterized the impact of ancestry and admixture on genetic variants that underlie health- and disease-related phenotypes in population genomic samples from Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Puerto Rico. (biomedcentral.com)
  • SNPs that exist in any given Latin American population at a higher frequency than expected based on the population's genetic ancestry profile. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genes from both the innate and adaptive immune system were found to be regulated by ancestry-enriched SNPs with population-specific regulatory effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Distinct continental population groups - African, Asian, and European in particular - are the most obvious examples of this evolutionary process. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Even something thought to be so ubiquitous as skin color works only in a limited way as dark or light skin tells us only about a human's amount of ancestry relative to the equator, not anything about the specific population or part of the planet they might be descended from. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Overall, D . folliculorum evolution reflects ancient human population divergences, is consistent with an out-of-Africa dispersal hypothesis, and presents an excellent model system for further understanding the history of human movement. (pnas.org)
  • 8 Historically, Mexico has included an Indigenous population, Spanish migrants and African migrants, originally brought as slaves. (scielosp.org)
  • Strong identification with an ethnic minority group may be a potential contributory factor of the high rates of psychosis in the BME population, the effects of which may be explained by perceptions of disadvantage. (lenus.ie)
  • The Population Finder analysis was relatively non-specific, particularly for people with European Ancestry. (isogg.org)
  • Apolipoprotein E genotype, vascular risk and early cognitive impairment in an African Caribbean population. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In order to clarify possible reasons for this, we examined the association between APOE genotype and early cognitive impairment in a community-based African Caribbean UK population aged 55-75 years. (ox.ac.uk)
  • And meanwhile, relatively balanced population-specific differentiation values were maintained to avoid the over-estimation or under-estimation of co-ancestry proportions in individuals with admixed ancestry. (bvsalud.org)
  • An introduction to the field of African American alternative medicine, highlighting African American traditional healthcare practices, new qualitative fieldwork data from African American alternative health practitioners, and specific cultural ethnomedical strategies for the African American population. (worldcat.org)
  • As races evolved following divergent migrations out of Africa, their social behavior diverged and became written in their genes. (bostonreview.net)
  • The researchers also compare women of African-American or European ancestry to pinpoint the location of genes associated with decreased bone mineral density, a measure of osteoporosis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • For example, all four populations show ancestry-enriched SNPs in multiple genes from immune system pathways, such as the cytokine receptor interaction, T cell receptor signaling, and antigen presentation pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are no genes that make blacks in the USA more susceptible to high blood pressure, just as there are no genes for particular kinds of cancers that can be assigned to only one racial grouping. (psychologytoday.com)
  • La investigación en cáncer de mama ha dado varios resultados importantes incluyendo los genes fuertemente susceptibles, BRCA1 y BRCA2, y más recientemente 19 genes y loci genéticos que confieren un riesgo moderado. (scielosp.org)
  • Investigators have questioned the impact of race on the epidemiology of AF based on issues relating to the imperfect methodology for AF detection, coupled with the suspicion that AF is unequally diagnosed among racial groups [ 10 , 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1980, Indians and all other South Asians have been classified as part of the Asian ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in the context of frequent ECG repolarization anomalies in black athletes, the potential for erroneous diagnosis of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy is considerably greater in this ethnic group. (acc.org)
  • Data were collected on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, perceptions of disadvantage, and identification with one's own ethnic group. (lenus.ie)
  • Chi-square tests, t tests, and one-way analysis of covariance were used to analyze racial/ethnic group differences. (ahrq.gov)
  • Racial/ethnic group differences were minimal compared with the overall high prevalence of risk factors such as smoking and obesity. (ahrq.gov)
  • LG1, LG2, LG3 and LG4, respectively, however, these linkage groups did not form stable haplotypes as indicated by linkage equilibrium (LE) of STRs within the groups and significant LD between the groups. (edu.au)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite a higher prevalence of cardiac risk factors, African-American patients with CAD who were treated in the VA system appeared to have a greater level of physical functioning, vitality, and angina stability. (umassmed.edu)
  • Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis study. (lenus.ie)
  • Incidence density of CHD (per 1,000 person-years) was 7.8 and 3.6 among African-American men (AAM) and women (AAW), and 7.2 and 2.2 among White men (WM) and women (WW). (elsevier.com)
  • 9 Such estimates are most efficiently made with a set of markers that are selected to be specifically informative for continental ancestry, 10-13 but can also be ascertained from dense whole genome polymorphism data from SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) arrays. (scielosp.org)
  • Admixture calculations provide genetic ancestry analysis to individuals tested for high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data. (isogg.org)
  • In Wade's telling, the Caucasian and East Asian races comprise the richest and most powerful nations in the world because they are genetically better adapted to success in modern capitalist systems than are Africans and the other racial groups, who remain steeped in tribalism, the "default" human condition. (bostonreview.net)
  • Admixture analysis (more properly known as biogeographical ancestry analysis) is a method of inferring someone's geographical origins based on an analysis of their genetic ancestry . (isogg.org)
  • Since a relatively limited number of autosomal SNPs are available in the Geno 2.0 data for analysis, the biogeographical ancestry analysis is somewhat limited relative to other similar tools, particularly relative to Ancestry Composition. (isogg.org)
  • A somewhat limited number of autosomal SNPs are included in the All My Ancestry dataset which limits the specificity of the biogeographical ancestry analysis relative to 23andMe's Ancestry Composition. (isogg.org)
  • Biogeographical ancestry (BGA) is particularly useful forensic intelligence that can be gained from DNA and my research is aimed at increasing the accuracy of prediction and understanding the legal, policy and privacy frameworks. (edu.au)
  • A recent debate over the usefulness and relevance of the widely used Biological Species Concept, based on reproductive isolation, versus the Phylogenetic Species Concept, which is centred around identifying the smallest group with common ancestry, has raised concerns that changing nomenclatural foundations might result in the appearance of previously unrecognized patterns of biodiversity. (redorbit.com)
  • Identifying 1,572 biological species defined in the African 'Atlas of Speciation' and 2,098 phylogenetic species, the study found that large-scale patterns of species richness and endemisms were remarkably robust to changes in species concepts. (redorbit.com)
  • There is not a single biological element unique to any of the groups we call white, black, Asian, Latino, etc. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Understanding the cultural, biological, and lifestyle factors that vary between White, African American, and ethnic subgroups of Asian American women may help explain these survival differences. (elsevier.com)
  • When traditional short tandem repeat profiling fails to provide valuable information to arrest the criminal, forensic ancestry inference of the biological samples left at the crime scene will probably offer investigative leads and facilitate the investigation process of the case. (bvsalud.org)
  • Seldin's previous work found that European populations actually represent two genetically distinct Southern and Northern groups. (ucdavis.edu)
  • By analyzing the variation segregating among 241 mite sequences isolated from 70 human hosts, we showed that hosts with different regional ancestries harbor distinct lineages of mites and that these associations can persist despite generations spent in a new geographic region. (pnas.org)
  • Wilson said the African-American genome has become distinct because of recombination in the U.S. during the past two to three centuries. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The search was limited to published studies in English conducted in the United States, which clearly defined the presence of AF in African American and Caucasian subjects. (hindawi.com)
  • To address this objective, we performed a meta-analysis of available published studies among different patient subgroups which addressed the presence of AF in subjects of African American and Caucasian race. (hindawi.com)
  • Eleven measurements were taken for this study, four in the sagittal plane and seven in the horizontal, in two groups of 186 skulls each, with 101 from males and 85 from females for those of the sagittal plane, and 100 and 86, respectively, for those concerning the horizontal, of subjects aged between 18 and 94 years at the time of death. (bvsalud.org)
  • Thus, we determined a complete catalog of the ancestry of the Timorese by analysis of whole exome chip data and haplogroup analysis of SNP genotypes determined by sequencing the Hypervariable I and II regions of the mitochondrial genome and 17 genotyped YSTR markers obtained from 535 individuals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here we sampled mite DNA from 70 human hosts of diverse geographic ancestries and analyzed 241 sequences from the mitochondrial genome of the species Demodex folliculorum . (pnas.org)
  • We then validated the panel in samples from four admixed populations by comparing ancestry estimates based on the AIMs panel to estimates based on genome-wide association study (GWAS) data. (prolekare.cz)
  • It has been observed that African American race is associated with a lower prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to Caucasian race. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to systematically quantify the association between African American race and prevalence of AF in a wide range of patient populations. (hindawi.com)
  • The objectives of this article were to compare the variance explained in anthropometric outcomes when using individual measures of socioeconomic status (SES) versus different approaches to create SES indices within the urban African context, and to examine the influence of SES measured during infancy on child anthropometric outcomes at 7/8 years. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sheer number and diversity of the women who took part in the WHI study will also allow Seldin and his colleagues to determine the impact of ancestry on disease-risk. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Specifically, the most common ancestry groupings were Oceanic (Melanesian and Papuan) and Eastern Asian (specifically Han Chinese). (frontiersin.org)
  • A reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) associated with the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele is reported in populations of African origin. (ox.ac.uk)
  • A recent study, published in the journal Ecography evaluates this suggestion on a continental scale for the first time, using a dataset that encompasses the entire bird fauna of sub-Saharan Africa. (redorbit.com)
  • We then identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with anomalous ancestry-enrichment patterns, i.e. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For this set of ancestry-enriched SNPs, we inspected their phenotypic impact on disease, metabolism, and the immune system. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The concordant impact observed for same phenotypes across populations points to a process of adaptive introgression, whereby ancestry-enriched SNPs with specific functional utility appear to have been retained in modern populations by virtue of their effects on health and fitness. (biomedcentral.com)