Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.

Identification of DNA polymorphisms associated with the V type alpha1-antitrypsin gene. (1/5501)

alpha1-Antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) is a highly polymorphic protein. The V allele of alpha1-AT has been shown to be associated with focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) in Negroid and mixed race South African patients. To identify mutations and polymorphisms in the gene for the V allele of alpha1-AT in five South African patients with FGS nephrotic syndrome DNA sequence analysis and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the coding exons were carried out. Four of the patients were heterozygous for the BstEII RFLP in exon III [M1(Val213)(Ala213)] and one patient was a M1(Ala213) homozygote. The mutation for the V allele was identified in exon II as Gly-148 (GGG)-->Arg (AGG) and in all patients was associated with a silent mutation at position 158 (AAC-->AAT). The patient who was homozygous for (Ala213) also had a silent mutation at position 256 in exon III (GAT-->GAC) which was not present in any of the other four patients. Although the V allele of alpha1-AT is not associated with severe plasma deficiency, it may be in linkage disequilibrium with other genes on chromosome 14 that predispose to FGS. Furthermore, the associated silent mutation at position 158 and the Ala213 polymorphism are of interest, as these could represent an evolutionary intermediate between the M1(Ala213) and M1(Val213) subtypes.  (+info)

NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction in salt-sensitive African Americans: antipressor and hemodynamic effects of potassium bicarbonate. (2/5501)

In 16 African Americans (blacks, 14 men, 2 women) with average admission mean arterial pressure (MAP, mm Hg) 99.9+/-3.5 (mean+/-SEM), we investigated whether NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction attends salt sensitivity and, if so, whether supplemental KHCO3 ameliorates both conditions. Throughout a 3-week period under controlled metabolic conditions, all subjects ate diets containing 15 mmol NaCl and 30 mmol potassium (K+) (per 70 kg body wt [BW] per day). Throughout weeks 2 and 3, NaCl was loaded to 250 mmol/d; throughout week 3, dietary K+ was supplemented to 170 mmol/d (KHCO3). On the last day of each study week, we measured renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using renal clearances of PAH and inulin. Ten subjects were salt sensitive (SS) (DeltaMAP >+5%) and 6 salt resistant (SR). In NaCl-loaded SS but not SR subjects, RBF (mL/min/1.73 m2) decreased from 920+/-75 to 828+/-46 (P<0.05); filtration fraction (FF, %) increased from 19. 4+/- to 21.4 (P<0.001); and renal vascular resistance (RVR) (10(3)xmm Hg/[mL/min]) increased from 101+/-8 to 131+/-10 (P<0.001). In all subjects combined, DeltaMAP varied inversely with DeltaRBF (r =-0.57, P=0.02) and directly with DeltaRVR (r = 0.65, P=0.006) and DeltaFF (r = 0.59, P=0.03), but not with MAP before NaCl loading. When supplemental KHCO3 abolished the pressor effect of NaCl in SS subjects, RBF was unaffected but GFR and FF decreased. The results show that in marginally K+-deficient blacks (1) NaCl-induced renal vasoconstrictive dysfunction attends salt sensitivity; (2) the dysfunction varies in extent directly with the NaCl-induced increase in blood pressure (BP); and (3) is complexly affected by supplemented KHCO3, GFR and FF decreasing but RBF not changing. In blacks, NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction may be a pathogenetic event in salt sensitivity.  (+info)

Heart rate and subsequent blood pressure in young adults: the CARDIA study. (3/5501)

The objective of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that baseline heart rate (HR) predicts subsequent blood pressure (BP) independently of baseline BP. In the multicenter longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study of black and white men and women initially aged 18 to 30 years, we studied 4762 participants who were not current users of antihypertensive drugs and had no history of heart problems at the baseline examination (1985-1986). In each race-sex subgroup, we estimated the effect of baseline HR on BP 2, 5, 7, and 10 years later by use of repeated measures regression analysis, adjusting for baseline BP, age, education, body fatness, physical fitness, fasting insulin, parental hypertension, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, and change of body mass index from baseline. The association between baseline HR and subsequent systolic BP (SBP) was explained by multivariable adjustment. However, HR was an independent predictor of subsequent diastolic BP (DBP) regardless of initial BP and other confounders in white men, white women, and black men (0.7 mm Hg increase per 10 bpm). We incorporated the part of the association that was already present at baseline by not adjusting for baseline DBP: the mean increase in subsequent DBP was 1.3 mm Hg per 10 bpm in white men, white women, and black men. A high HR may be considered a risk factor for subsequent high DBP in young persons.  (+info)

Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups. (4/5501)

OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (5/5501)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Racial differences in the outcome of left ventricular dysfunction. (6/5501)

BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that black patients with congestive heart failure have a higher mortality rate than whites with the same condition. This finding has been attributed to differences in the severity, causes, and management of heart failure, the prevalence of coexisting conditions, and socioeconomic factors. Although these factors probably account for some of the higher mortality due to congestive heart failure among blacks, we hypothesized that racial differences in the natural history of left ventricular dysfunction might also have a role. METHODS: Using data from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention and treatment trials, in which all patients received standardized therapy and follow-up, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the outcomes of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction among black and white participants. The mean (+/-SD) follow-up was 34.2+/-14.0 months in the prevention trial and 32.3+/-14.8 months in the treatment trial among the black and white participants. RESULTS: The overall mortality rates in the prevention trial were 8.1 per 100 person-years for blacks and 5.1 per 100 person years for whites. In the treatment trial, the rates were 16.7 per 100 person-years and 13.4 per 100 person-years, respectively. After adjustment for age, coexisting conditions, severity and causes of heart failure, and use of medications, blacks had a higher risk of death from all causes in both the SOLVD prevention trial (relative risk, 1.36; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.74; P=0.02) and the treatment trial (relative risk, 1.25; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.50; P=0.02). In both trials blacks were also at higher risk for death due to pump failure and for the combined end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for heart failure, our two predefined indicators of the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Blacks with mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction appear to be at higher risk for progression of heart failure and death from any cause than similarly treated whites. These results suggest that there may be racial differences in the outcome of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (7/5501)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Genetic polymorphism and interethnic variability of plasma paroxonase activity. (8/5501)

A method for determining plasma paroxonase activity using an auto-analyser is described. Frequency distributions for British and Indian subjects show bimodality. A study of 40 British families confirms the presence of a genetic polymorphism with regard to plasma paroxonase activity. Two phenotypes can be defined, controlled by two alleles at one autosomal locus. The frequency of the low activity phenotype is less in the Indian population than in the British population. Malay, Chinese, and African subjects fail to show obvious bimodality.  (+info)

Trypanosomiasis, also known as African sleeping sickness, is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected tsetse flies, which are found in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is characterized by two distinct stages: the first stage, known as the hemolymphatic stage, is characterized by fever, headache, and joint pain. The second stage, known as the neurological stage, is characterized by confusion, sleep disturbances, and eventually coma and death if left untreated. Trypanosomiasis is a serious and potentially fatal disease, but it is treatable with appropriate medication. Prevention measures include avoiding tsetse fly bites through the use of insect repellent and protective clothing, and controlling the tsetse fly population through insecticide spraying and other methods.

Genetic predisposition to disease refers to the tendency of an individual to develop a particular disease or condition due to their genetic makeup. It means that certain genes or combinations of genes increase the risk of developing a particular disease or condition. Genetic predisposition to disease is not the same as having the disease itself. It simply means that an individual has a higher likelihood of developing the disease compared to someone without the same genetic predisposition. Genetic predisposition to disease can be inherited from parents or can occur due to spontaneous mutations in genes. Some examples of genetic predisposition to disease include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, Huntington's disease, cystic fibrosis, and sickle cell anemia. Understanding genetic predisposition to disease is important in medical practice because it can help identify individuals who are at high risk of developing a particular disease and allow for early intervention and prevention strategies to be implemented.

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects domestic and wild pigs. It is caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV), which is a member of the family Asfarviridae. ASF is characterized by high fever, loss of appetite, weakness, and hemorrhages in various organs, including the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. The disease can be fatal in up to 100% of infected pigs, and there is currently no vaccine available to prevent it. ASF is considered a serious threat to pig farming in Africa, Europe, and Asia, as it can cause significant economic losses and disrupt local food supplies.

... black West African, and indigenous Taino ancestry, who also make up the majority of the total population overall, especially in ... making them the primary European ancestral group. French ancestry is high, due to white French fleeing Haiti after independence ... The Spanish Caribbean also has higher Canarian influence compared to continental Latin America, ... Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-56720-138-3. Archived from the original on 2022-04-07. Retrieved 2020-08-25. Luis ...
... and equally diverse African groups brought to the Americas as slave labor, and also recent immigrant groups from all over the ... Racial categories in Latin America are often linked to both continental ancestry or mixture as inferred from phenotypical ... Ethnic groups or indigenous individuals are all treated as Peruvian.[better source needed] Casta Ethnic groups in Latin America ... mixed African and European) Subdivisions for these include "Trigueño" which means a person of Mediterranean ancestry or ...
Mauritius also contains substantial populations from continental Africa, China, France, and the East African island nation of ... ethnic groups as well as a significant population of mixed-race people who have ancestry from more than one ethnic group. A ... Today, a significant proportion of Creoles are of African descent with varying amounts of French and Indian ancestry. The ... While the government officially groups Mauritians into four ethnic groups - Hindus, Muslims, Chinese, and General Population - ...
Many of these people also have African ancestry. A significant minority of early Chinese immigrants to Hawaii, and even fewer ... One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. One example is a blog by ... A small number of Hakka came to the continental US before the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. Some Hakka also went to Hawaii, where ... There was a communal ban on intermarriages between the two groups for the first generation of migrants. In the middle of the ...
"Oriental Continental Ancestry Group, "African Continental Ancestry Group" and "European Continental Ancestry Group" for " ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Rushton's book is focused on what he considers the three broadest racial groups, and does not address other populations such as ... Rushton, J. Philippe (January 1985). "Differential K theory: The sociobiology of individual and group differences". Personality ...
Indirect evidence of an Archaean ancestry for the Bangweulu Block is provided by detrital zircons within the Mporokoso Group, ... and is overlain by a Palaeoproterozoic continental sedimentary succession, the Mporokoso Group, and does not preserve much ... Geology of Africa, Cratons, All stub articles, Plate tectonics stubs, Africa stubs). ... The Bangweulu Block is a cratonic unit that forms part of the Congo craton of central Africa. The Bangweulu Block however ...
"Patriclan: Trace Your Paternal Ancestry". African Ancestry. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011. ... "mtDNA-haplogroup membership provides limited information about either continental ancestry or continental region of origin." Y- ... Genealogical DNA testing may provide a tie to regional African heritage. Melungeons are one of numerous multiracial groups in ... nearly three-quarters of the ancestors of African Americans taken in slavery came from regions of West Africa. The African- ...
European Continental Ancestry Group (=012) Asian Continental Ancestry Group (=013) African Continental Ancestry Group (=014) ... Oceanic Ancestry Group (=017) American Native Continental Ancestry Group (=1/=8) Linguistic-cultural groups, ethnic groups, ... Table 1e (=...) Common auxiliaries of human ancestry, ethnic grouping and nationality. Table 1f "..." Common auxiliaries of ... time and ethnic grouping facets are expressed through combination with common auxiliaries of place (Table 1d), ethnic grouping ...
... continental population groups MeSH M01.686.508.100 - african continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.100.100 - african ... european continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.600 - oceanic ancestry group MeSH M01.686.754 - ethnic groups MeSH M01.686 ... american native continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.150.575 - central american indians MeSH M01.686.508.150.600 - north ... asian continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.200.100 - asian americans MeSH M01.686.508.400 - ...
Early studies of within and between-group genetic variation used physical phenotypes and blood groups, with modern genetic ... where ancestry information is more likely to be meaningful when considering genetic ancestry. Novembre, John; Ramachandran, ... "The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans". Science. 324 (5930): 1035-1044. Bibcode:2009Sci... ... and clustering methods have been notably applied to describe admixed continental populations. Genetic clustering and HGDP ...
... or groups like the Cape Malays who have some degree of Southeast Asian ancestry, and were classified as a subgroup of Coloured ... "/"Asian" identity was codified by law under Apartheid as a race group. This term excluded other peoples from Continental Asia ... Asian South African, Asian diaspora in Africa, Ethnic groups in South Africa, South African people of Asian descent). ... In South Africa, Asian usually refers to people of South Asian ancestry, more commonly called Indians. They are largely ...
When one samples continental groups, the clusters become continental; with other sampling patterns, the clusters would be ... Native American and African ancestry. In Brazil there has been extensive admixture between Europeans, Amerindians and Africans ... or group) corresponds to only one ethnic group. African Americans have an estimated 20-25-percent European genetic admixture; ... among Europeans 15 percent were group B and 40 percent group A. Eastern Europeans and Russians had a higher incidence of group ...
Jamestown has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Winters are cold and snowy, while summers are warm and humid. As of the ... 19.7% were of Italian, 18.1% Swedish, 12.8% German, 9.0% Irish, 8.7% English and 5.5% American ancestry. Hispanic or Latino of ... Regarding ethnicity the largest ethnic group reported in the 2000 Census was Italian and the second largest was Swedish. ... Samuel Teresi, mayor of Jamestown Davis Hanson Waite, 8th Governor of Colorado Walter Washington, first African-American Mayor ...
Sub-Saharan Africa comprising speakers of different African language groups which live south of the Sahara). It is important to ... The YHRD defines seven continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa ... criterion seems most appropriate to group data by taking the ancestry into account and produce subdatabases with respect to ... Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. The concept ...
Hispanics are the third largest minority group in Alameda County. The largest ancestry group of Hispanics in Alameda County ( ... The 2020 census shows Alameda as having one of the highest Asian percentages and being the only county in the continental US, ... Black or African American, 0.5% Some Other Race, 0.3% Native American and Alaskan Native, 0.8% Pacific Islander and 4.4% from ... Asian Americans are now the largest racial/ethnic group at 30.9% (excluding Asian Hispanics). White Non-Hispanic Americans are ...
... many individuals affiliate with two or more continental groups. Thus, the genetically based "biogeographical ancestry" assigned ... This means that all non-African groups are more closely related to each other and to some African groups (probably east ... that some human groups are parental to other groups and that these groups represent paraphyletic groups to their descent groups ... West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa; the Pygmy populations in Central Africa; and the Khoisan populations in Southern ...
As data were collected by self-declaration, ethnic groups may not necessarily correspond to the true ancestry of respondents. ... 512 Following the French and British Isles origin groups, Continental European communities were the largest in Canada, and grew ... Since then, more immigrants have come from Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. In 2021, most immigrants came from Asia, which ... Population by Aboriginal Groups and Sex, Showing Age Groups, for Canada, 1996 Census (20% Sample Data) Statistics Canada, ...
At least one crewmember was of African ancestry. In general they were strong, well-fed men, but many of the bones also reveal ... A group of six skeletons was found grouped close to one of the 2-tonne bronze culverins on the main deck near the bow. Fusing ... There were also a few people from continental Europe. An eyewitness testimony right after the sinking refers to a survivor who ... Another group led by Lieutenant-Commander Alan Bax of the Royal Navy, sponsored by the Committee for Nautical Archaeology in ...
... group is substantially African, as 70% of African-Americans in this group have less than 15% European ancestry. The 20% of ... Despite a long history of miscegenation within the U.S. political territory and American continental landscape, advocacy for a ... August 17, 2010). "African and non-African admixture components in African Americans and an African Caribbean population". ... In some states 3/4ths African ancestry determined African identity, in some it was more qualified, or less. The hypodescent or ...
... of shared ancestry with north Africans, although the Canary islands are a Spanish exclave located in the African continent, and ... Spanish Basques and Valencian Spaniards found Iberian populations to cluster the furthest from other continental groups, ... of the population of northern Portugal had some North African ancestry, as U6 is also not a common lineage in North Africa. ... concluding that Spain and Portugal hold significant levels of North African ancestry. Estimates of shared ancestry averaged ...
WHGs also contributed ancestry to other ancient groups such as Early European Farmers (EEF), who were, however, mostly of ... ancestry from EEF with the rest coming from WHG in continental Europe. They subsequently replaced most of the WHG population in ... Like in their African origin, these humans had dark skin but due to variations of their OCA2 gene (causing iris depigmentation ... 25% WHG ancestry, which is significantly higher than Middle Neolithic groups of Central Europe. A seminal 2014 study first ...
South Africa has enumerated people by race in all of its censuses since 1904. Five population group options are provided in ... Nazi Germany enumerated its citizens of Jewish descent in 1939 based on the percent of Jewish ancestry that they had. Hungary ... Before 1970, Alaska and Hawaii had different choices for race on their censuses in contrast to the continental United States. ... The 1969 census asked about language but not ethnic group, and the 1974 census asked about ethnic group, but not language. The ...
Other large Asian groups are those of Vietnamese (1.0%), Indian (0.4%), Chinese (0.3%), and Laotian (0.2%) ancestry. In the ... The boots worn by Continental Army soldiers during the Revolutionary War were made in Lynn, and the shoe-making industry drove ... The racial makeup of the city was: 57.6% White 12.8% African American 0.7% Native American 7.0% Asian 0.1% Pacific Islander ... Polish and Russian Jews were the largest single group, numbering more than 6,000. The first Jewish settlers in Lynn, a group of ...
Greeks possess none of the lineages denoting North African ancestry within the last 5000 years and have only 2% (3/148) of the ... Antonio Arnaiz-Villena is a Spanish immunologist noted for his controversial research into the genetic history of ethnic groups ... Additionally, in a sample of 366 Greeks from thirteen locations in continental Greece, Crete, Lesvos and Chios, a single ... No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low ...
... and implied dual ancestry for each region, involving interbreeding with Africans. Thorne held that there was regional ... though it is also consistent with a mixture of two long isolated groups within Africa; it is not consistent with a recent ... Theory proponents also explain this with the fact that genetic changes occur on a regional basis rather than a continental ... The African replacement model is also known as the "Out of Africa" theory. See also, "The 'out of Africa' model is currently ...
African American and English were the most common ancestries. The state's historically most populous racial group, non-Hispanic ... Weather in New York is heavily influenced by two continental air masses: a warm, humid one from the southwest and a cold, dry ... The Black or African American population is in a state of flux, as New York is the largest recipient of immigrants from Africa ... The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan is the only national monument dedicated to Americans of African ...
Boutte was an active supporter of the civil rights movement and African American interests. In the 1960s, he led a group of ... "1940 United States Federal Census". Ancestry.com. Retrieved January 9, 2022. Lynne B. Feldman; John N. Ingham (1994). African- ... Boutte was also part of a consortium of Black Chicago businessmen to invest in Stellar Continental Cable, an early cable ... Boutte was part of a group of businessmen who brought the newly freed Nelson Mandela to Chicago to raise funds for the African ...
... is associated with Africa. The Azores Autonomous Region can be split as two island groups (the westernmost Flores Island and ... and three in the Leeward Antilles group (on the South American continental shelf). Since the dissolution of the Dutch Antilles ... The majority of residents on these islands have Asian ancestry; there is also a proportion of Australians and New Zealanders on ... Oceania is further grouped into three regions, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. There a few other Pacific island groups ...
North African groups share a similar excess of derived alleles with Neanderthals as non-African populations, whereas Sub- ... Denisovan ancestry is shared by Melanesians, Aboriginal Australians, and smaller scattered groups of people in Southeast Asia, ... Migration continued Southeast on the coastal route to the straits between Sunda and Sahul, the continental land mass of present ... Expansion to Central Africa by the ancestors of the Central African forager populations (African Pygmies) most likely took ...
In continental southern Africa, the extreme temperatures range from -10 °C (14 °F) for P. succulentum locations to as much as ... There are no fossil records of Pachypodium, a fact that does exclude analysis to determine common ancestry and current ... The broken geological formations of locally xeric landscapes tend to break up populations into smaller groups so that each ... Pachypodium represent the dry flora of continental Africa and Madagascar. The genus grows in areas where there are significant ...
Results of search for su:{African continental ancestry group} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently ... by Biesheuvel, S , Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of ... Non-infective disease in Africa; the peculiarities of medical non-infective diseases in the indigenous inhabitants of Africa ... Scientific Council for Africa South of the Sahara , Commission for Technical Co-operation in Africa South of the Sahara. ...
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Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
Palavras-chave : African Continental Ancestry Group.; Cephalometry.; Orthodontics.. · resumo em Português · texto em Inglês · ... Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate mean cephalometric measurements for a group of individuals of Afro- ... Conclusion Individuals of African descent had bimaxillary protrusion, a more acute interincisal angle, a larger inferior facial ... Methods Thirty-six lateral radiographs of the head of African-Brazilians were used. Subjects were 10 to 14 years old and had ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Mongoloid Race. Asian Continental Ancestry Group. Negroid Race. African Continental ... Oceanic Ancestry Group. Australoid Race. Oceanic Ancestry Group. Caucasoid Race. ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. Mongoloid Race. Asian Continental Ancestry Group. Negroid Race. African Continental ... Oceanic Ancestry Group. Australoid Race. Oceanic Ancestry Group. Caucasoid Race. ...
... the quality of life and the consumption of psychoactive substances among students from African Continental Ancestry Groups ... between Quality of Life and consumption of psychoactive substances in the students of African Continental Ancestry Groups. ... The variables collected were: sex, age groups, costs and race notified in the cited period. Results: it were registered 15.171 ... We therefore suggest the development of local policies capable of raising this age groups self-esteem and reaffirming aging as ...
In the continental United States, DENV is the most frequent cause of febrile illness among travelers returning from the ... Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above. ... This phylogenetic analysis showed that all the Florida DENV-1 isolates belong to the American-African genotype (genotype V) (12 ... does not support lineage ancestry. ... DENV-1 strains isolated elsewhere in Florida grouped within a ...
Women with African ancestry in the United States and in continental Africa have been found to have exceptionally increased ... It represents a group of very heterogeneous clinical, histopathological and molecular diseases. Molecular heterogeneity has ... so that we can elucidate the reasons for its increased prevalence among women with African ancestry ... Our goal was to evaluate the breast cancers diagnosed in one of the largest health care facilities in western Africa; and to ...
We integrated T2D GWAS in European, African, and East Asian populations to construct a trans-ancestry T2D PRS using a newly ... Attempts to apply a PS derived in a population of one ancestry to another ethnic group have shown variable performance. ... Polygenic prediction of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in continental Africans is adversely affected by the limited number of genome- ... or multiethnic-derived PRSs would improve polygenic prediction in continental Africans. ...
Race, Mongoloid use Asian Continental Ancestry Group Race, Negroid use African Continental Ancestry Group ... Race, Caucasoid use European Continental Ancestry Group ... Negroid use African Continental Ancestry Group Rachischises use ... Races, Mongoloid use Asian Continental Ancestry Group Races, ... Race, Asiatic use Asian Continental Ancestry Group Race, ... Race, Caucasian use European Continental Ancestry Group ... Races, Asiatic use Asian Continental Ancestry Group Races, ...
Family Income Group The respondent was handed a card with 12 income ranges listed as Group A to Group L and asked Which of ... Hawaii Agricultural Experimental Station, University of Hawaii, May 1975 30000 Continental Baking Company - codes places on ... Natural origin or ancestry 60-61 Education level 62-63 Grade completed 64 What was he/she doing during most of the past 12 ... Africa 94 Asia 95 Australasia 96 Pacific Islands 97 Industry and Occupation Codes A persons occupation may be defined as his ...
The age group with the highest proportion accepting a POC test was 50+ years (60%). Females were less likely to accept a POC ... Healthcare-related stigma among men who have sex with men and transgender women in sub-Saharan Africa participating in HIV ... from the continental United States has not been reported. We report a case of melioidosis in a Texas resident. Genomic analysis ... from Arizona into southern California and limited evidence of year-to-year persistence of genomes of the same ancestry. By ...
LOVAGES JEEPS MATERIALIZATIONS VIOLABILITY HOGGS JEERS GUANO UNINSPIRING GROSS GROVE RELIEVING GUARD INTRODUCTORY GROUP ... ADJUDICATIONS GENTRIES BIMESTER CERVICOSIGMOIDAL AFRESH BOWLS VIVARIIA DICKY FINGERS KAZATSKY BARFLY CODDLES BAREST AFRICA ... DORMANCIES BROKEN BURGEONS UNNEEDED COFFER LOPING SOCIOLOGISTS DAMNABILITIES COFFEY CORSAGE COFFIN COUPLERS CODONS ANCESTRIES ... SALACIOUSNESS VAPORIMETER INTERRUPTABLE REDEFINED INDORSER SKIABLE UNORTHODOXLY IRREDEEMABILITY CONTINGENCY CONTINENTAL ...
European Continental Ancestry Group. African Continental Ancestry Group. American Native Continental Ancestry Group. North ... African Continental Ancestry Group ✖Remove constraint Subjects: African Continental Ancestry Group ... African Continental Ancestry Group. Asian Americans. Delivery of Health Care. European Continental Ancestry Group. Health ... African Continental Ancestry Group. Continental Population Groups. Hair 3. The Nachash origin of the black and mixed races ...
Continental Population Groups. M1.686.508. African Continental Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686. ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins Categories I and M:. The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks,and its four children (Australoid ... Other revised chemical groups include Xanthones and Flavonoids. Many of the flavones required retreeing to the appropriate area ...
African continental ancestry group; alcohol drinking; cohort studies; European continental ancestry group; hypertension; ... African-American Women. European-American Women. African-American Men. European-American Men. ... This study examined the association between alcohol consumption in a diverse group of young adults and incident hypertension ... Study is a longitudinal cohort of African-American and European-American men and women designed to recruit individuals with a ...
African Americans. European Continental Ancestry Group. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Health Status Disparities. Neoplasm ...
Continental Population Groups; Environmental Exposure*; Environmental Pollutants*; Ethnic Groups; European Continental Ancestry ... MeSH Terms: African Americans; Biomarkers*; Child; ... women of various race/ethnic groups and across age groups and ... generalized linear models using data from the entire NHANES women population along with cycle and age-group stratified ... there were several exposure disparities that persisted across age groups, such as higher 2,4- and 2,5-dichlorophenol ...
... power in large-scale genomic association analyses and report a novel variant associated with all MetS components in African ... Keywords: African continental ancestry group; Hispanic Americans; genetic pleiotropy; genetic variation; high-density ... Genome-wide association study identifies African-ancestry specific variants for metabolic syndrome. Tekola-Ayele F, Doumatey AP ... A novel African American-specific variant, rs12721054/APOC1, and rs10096633/LPL are associated with ≥3 MetS components. We find ...
African Continental Ancestry Group Black Person Negroid Race Public MeSH Note. 2023; see AFRICAN CONTINENTAL ANCESTRY GROUP ... Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.. Terms. African Continental Ancestry Group Preferred Term ... 2023; use AFRICAN CONTINENTAL ANCESTRY GROUP 2004-2021, use BLACKS 2022. Date Established. 2004/01/01. Date of Entry. 2003/07/ ... African Continental Ancestry Group Related Concept UI. M0444962. Scope Note. ...
They discovered that approximately 1 percent of West Africans, African-Americans and others of African ancestry carry a genomic ... "By studying people of West Africa, the ancestral home of most African-Americans, and replicating our results in a large group ... has conducted the first study of its kind to look at the genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African- ... The burden of obesity is, however, not the same across U.S. ethnic groups, with African-Americans having the highest age- ...
... with the above design who are of African Ancestry, American Continental Ancestry (Natives of North and South America), European ... It is important to note that there is still relatively limited genomic information from non-European ancestry groups. There is ... Responses will be compiled and shared internally and with working groups convened by the NIH, as appropriate. In all cases ... The opportunities for replication of findings from the proposed study/ethnic group(s). ...
The inclusion of the most under-represented ancestry groups (African, Hispanic and South Asian) in the multi-ancestry meta- ... separates African American and continental African GWAS. The third axis of genetic variation (PC 3) reveals finer-scale ... by each GRS was assessed in two test GWAS from each ancestry group. b, The multi-ancestry GRS out-performed ancestry-specific ... 8. Differences in LD structure between ancestry groups at the PROX1 locus for distinct association signals from multi-ancestry ...
Continental. Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686.508.100.100. American Native Continental. Ancestry Group ... indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per. se a less ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins-Categories I and M:. The DeCS/MeSH descriptor Racial. Stocks, and its four children ( ... POPULATION GROUPS. It will retain all indented terms. The check tag ANIMAL. will be changed to a new descriptor ANIMALS. . It ...
African Continental Ancestry Group Black Person Negroid Race Public MeSH Note. 2023; see AFRICAN CONTINENTAL ANCESTRY GROUP ... Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.. Terms. African Continental Ancestry Group Preferred Term ... 2023; use AFRICAN CONTINENTAL ANCESTRY GROUP 2004-2021, use BLACKS 2022. Date Established. 2004/01/01. Date of Entry. 2003/07/ ... African Continental Ancestry Group Related Concept UI. M0444962. Scope Note. ...
African Continental Ancestry Group.; Cephalometry.; Orthodontics.. · Portugués · Inglés · Inglés. © 2023 Mundi Brasil Gráfica e ... Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate mean cephalometric measurements for a group of individuals of Afro- ... Conclusion Individuals of African descent had bimaxillary protrusion, a more acute interincisal angle, a larger inferior facial ... Methods Thirty-six lateral radiographs of the head of African-Brazilians were used. Subjects were 10 to 14 years old and had ...
African Continental Ancestry Group. Asian Americans. Delivery of Health Care. European Continental Ancestry Group. Health ... African Americans. Aged. Community-Institutional Relations. Ethnic Groups. European Continental Ancestry Group. Federal ... African Americans. Aged. Community-Institutional Relations. Ethnic Groups. European Continental Ancestry Group. Federal ... African Americans. European Continental Ancestry Group. Financing, Personal. Health Care Surveys. Health Status. Hispanic ...
HN - 2004 MH - African Continental Ancestry Group UI - D044383 MN - M1.686.508.100 MS - Individuals whose ancestral origins are ... Continental Population Groups UI - D044469 MN - M1.686.508 MS - Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native ... HN - 2004 MH - Asian Continental Ancestry Group UI - D044466 MN - M1.686.508.200 MS - Individuals whose ancestral origins are ... HN - 2004 BX - Astasia longa MH - European Continental Ancestry Group UI - D044465 MN - M1.686.508.400 MS - Individuals whose ...
They discovered that approximately 1 percent of West Africans, African-Americans, and others of African ancestry carry a ... has conducted the first study of its kind to look at the genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African- ... The burden of obesity is, however, not the same across U.S. ethnic groups, with African-Americans having the highest age- ... study is the first to use a genome-wide association study to investigate the genomic basis of obesity in continental Africans. ...
The researchers discovered that approximately 1 percent of West Africans, African-Americans and others of African ancestry ... conducted the first study of its kind to look at the genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African- ... The study also found no differences between the groups in rates of preterm birth, stillbirth, miscarriage, and gestational ... Study identifies African-specific genomic variant associated with obesity: An international team including NIH researchers ...
American Native Continental Ancestry Group [P] MH NEW = American Indian or Alaska Native MH OLD = Amputation [P] MH NEW = ... African Americans [P] MH NEW = Black or African American MH OLD = Alien Hand Syndrome [P] MH NEW = Alien Limb Phenomenon MH OLD ...
  • Objective: This qualitative investigation of primary care experiences of Black Americans from across the United States who participated in remote focus groups in April and May 2020 aims to explore the use and perceived value of patient portals to better understand any barriers to optimized treatment in the primary care setting. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Conclusions: In contrast to what has been described regarding the reluctance of Black Americans to engage with patient portals, our focus groups revealed the general acceptance of patient portals, which were described overwhelmingly as tools with the potential for providing exceptional, personalized care that may even work to mitigate the unfair burden of disease for Black Americans in primary care settings. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Guyanese patients of 31.6%, twice that of whites and 65% higher than that of African Americans (2). (cdc.gov)
  • The old descriptor ANIMALS will be changed to ANIMAL POPULATION GROUPS. (bvsalud.org)
  • Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make race per se a less compelling predictor. (bvsalud.org)
  • Worldwide, its incidence has increased progressively over the last a result of genetic ancestry. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions: A pattern emerged with African American and Hispanic/Latina women with depression or depressive symptoms more likely to report somatic symptoms compared with White women. (illinois.edu)
  • Conclusions: Our results indicate that European ancestry is a risk factor for cutaneous melanoma. (cdc.gov)
  • The Older Black Women's group at TRCC provides a safe healing space for mothers, grandmothers, elders of Black African, Afro-Caribbean or Black Canadian/American descent. (trccmwar.ca)
  • Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate mean cephalometric measurements for a group of individuals of Afro-Brazilian descent using the Wylie-Johnson analysis, and to investigate the presence of sexual dimorphism. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion Individuals of African descent had bimaxillary protrusion, a more acute interincisal angle, a larger inferior facial height, and a markedly convex profile. (bvsalud.org)
  • CSA Meeting of Specialists on the Basic Psychology of African and Madagascan Populations, Tananarive, 27 August-3 September 1959 : recommendations and reports / report by S. Biesheuvel. (who.int)
  • In a study of 15 patients with rheumatic heart disease and a control group of 10 patients who had been exposed to group A streptococci but did not develop either acute rheumatic fever or rheumatic heart disease, 13 genes were differentially expressed in the same direction (predominantly decreased) between the two groups. (medscape.com)
  • Strains of group A streptococci that are heavily encapsulated and rich in M protein (signifying virulence in streptococcal strains) seem to be most likely to result in infection. (medscape.com)
  • Unusual group A streptococci emm types that are uncommon in the continental United States appear to play a significant role in the epidemiology of ARF in Hawaii. (medscape.com)
  • Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a sequela of streptococcal infection-typically following 2 to 3 weeks after group A streptococcal pharyngitis-that occurs most commonly in children and has rheumatologic, cardiac, and neurologic manifestations. (medscape.com)
  • Results suggest that African American women were more likely to endorse somatic symptoms compared with White women and, in one instance Hispanic/Latinas. (illinois.edu)
  • in both groups, reading scores decreased significantly from kindergarten to second grade and math scores decreased significantly for non-immigrant children and marginally for immigrant children. (nyu.edu)
  • Methods: We performed an inductive thematic analysis of 8 remote focus group interviews with 29 Black American patients aged 30-60 years to qualitatively assess the experiences of Black American patients with regular access to portals. (elsevierpure.com)
  • The patients were divided into 4 groups (Table): 1) pa- and Brazil ( 1 - 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Most Indo-Guyanese trace their ancestry to the mid-1800s, when (East) Indian indentured servants were brought to Guyana, an English-speaking, continental West Indian country formerly known as British Guiana (1). (cdc.gov)
  • Having very little intermarriage, this group is phenotypically and genotypically Indian and preserves its distinctive culture. (cdc.gov)
  • Regions of major public health concern include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, and some areas of Africa and South America. (medscape.com)
  • From the abstract: 'Precision prevention involves using the unique characteristics of a particular group to determine their responses to preventive interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • Modern humans thus have regional differences that can be traced to longstanding continental differences among earlier hominids. (blogspot.com)
  • The authors reasoned that the more the apparently ancient alleles clustered by continental origin (West African, European, or East Asian), the greater the likelihood that these alleles had entered the gene pool from local archaic groups that modern humans had encountered while spreading out of Africa. (blogspot.com)
  • One cluster of lineages, dated to c. 60,000 BP, defines almost all non-African humans. (blogspot.com)
  • In contrast, Dienekes argues that the admixture occurred before modern humans began to spread out of Africa. (blogspot.com)
  • Two scientists - one in Nigeria and one in the U.S. - realized that deadly diseases kept emerging (or reemerging) in West Africa, but going undetected, leading sometimes to widespread. (wbur.org)
  • In the last few days, Ancestry completed a rollout of an ethnicity update. (dna-explained.com)
  • I was seriously upset when Ancestry posted my first ethnicity results in 2012 stating that I had 12% Scandinavian, when I don't have any. (dna-explained.com)
  • I understand what's really going on, meaning that ethnicity is a great feel-good sales tool (queue up the music), but does not have the ability to predict ethnicity accurately beyond the continental level (Europe, Africa, Asia), plus Native American and Jewish. (dna-explained.com)
  • That said, here is the graphic of my new Ancestry ethnicity results. (dna-explained.com)
  • The availability of study data and samples (include sample sizes, availability, including amount of high quality DNA and RNA) with the above design who are of African Ancestry, American Continental Ancestry (Natives of North and South America), European Ancestry, and/or Other Ancestry (e.g. (nih.gov)
  • CSA Meeting of Specialists on the Basic Psychology of African and Madagascan Populations, Tananarive, 27 August-3 September 1959 : recommendations and reports / report by S. Biesheuvel. (who.int)
  • Report on the CSA meeting of specialists on the basic psychological structures of African and Madagascan populations, Tananarive, 27 August-3 September, 1959 : synthetic report / prepared under the supervision of S. Biesheuvel, in accordance with Recommendation XI (2) of the CSA Meeting of Specialists. (who.int)
  • There is an opportunity to bridge this gap within the context of the project designs contemplated here (family-based, founder populations, case-control, etc.), with the idea that a good design will aid discovery of variants that will be generally informative about the biology of HLB disease across groups and may be informative about differences in disease prevalence among groups. (nih.gov)
  • NFKBIZ polymorphisms and susceptibility to pneumococcal disease in European and African populations. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Thus, the expanding African population that eventually spilled over into Eurasia, would indeed be quite inbred and homogeneous, but its gene pool would also contain traces of the smaller, less successful African populations it had absorbed. (blogspot.com)
  • Wall and colleagues compared genetic polymorphisms in subjects of European, West African (Yoruba), and East Asian descent. (blogspot.com)
  • Curiously, no estimate was made for the West African subjects. (blogspot.com)
  • Persons having origins in any of the black racial groups of AFRICA . (nih.gov)
  • There is nonetheless some support for a hybrid model, i.e., our current gene pool largely comes from a population that expanded out of Africa, but with significant admixtures from archaic Europeans and Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • If Europeans and East Asians have different archaic alleles because of separate admixture, their ancestors must have parted company before encountering the Neanderthals not long after leaving Africa (c. 40,000 BP). (blogspot.com)
  • Yet this seems counterintuitive because the genetic distance between Europeans and East Asians (and hence their time of separation) is much less than that between Africans and non-Africans. (blogspot.com)
  • Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa. (nih.gov)
  • There are clear differences between people of different continental ancestries,' said Marcus W. Feldman, a professor of biological sciences at Stanford University. (technoccult.net)
  • Most of the genomic studies conducted on obesity to date have been in people of European ancestry, despite an increased risk of obesity in people of African ancestry. (nih.gov)
  • CRGGH examines the socio-cultural and genomic factors at work in health disparities - the negative health outcomes that impact certain groups of people - so they can be translated into policies that reduce or eliminate healthcare inequalities in the United States and globally. (nih.gov)
  • This is the first study to use a Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) to investigate the genomic basis of obesity in continental Africans, said Guanjie Chen, M.D., study co-lead and a CRGGH staff scientist. (nih.gov)
  • It is important to note that there is still relatively limited genomic information from non-European ancestry groups. (nih.gov)
  • Here's the chart I created showing various Ancestry updates beginning in 2012 through the current 2019 update, today. (dna-explained.com)
  • We note two ethical dilemmas posed by the claims made by these and other similar studies that attempt to link genetics, ancestry, and disease, particularly when ancestries are described in terms of continent of origin, for example, European, African, and Asian. (mixedracestudies.org)
  • Several new major enzyme categories include: DNA Repair Enzymes, Metalloexopeptidases, Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors, Proprotein Convertases, and Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes. (nih.gov)
  • RESULTS: The study sample included 10,475 participants (53% Caucasian, 22% Mexican American, 18% African American, and 7% other races). (ox.ac.uk)
  • [ 18 , 20-22 , 25 ] The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a longitudinal cohort of African-American and European-American men and women designed to recruit individuals with a wide range of incomes and education from 4 urban areas. (medscape.com)
  • This black disadvantage is, however, driven by the outcomes of first-generation children of African and Hispanic-black immigrants. (psu.edu)
  • Ancestry tests tell customers what percentage of their genes are from Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas. (technoccult.net)
  • Background: The disproportionate burden of more aggressive breast cancer subtypes among African American/Black women may stem from multilevel determinants. (princeton.edu)
  • This study examined the association between alcohol consumption in a diverse group of young adults and incident hypertension over 20 years. (medscape.com)
  • Researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and their African collaborators published their findings March 13, 2017, in the journal Obesity. (nih.gov)
  • These findings may also help inform how the African environments have shaped individual genomes in the context of obesity risk. (nih.gov)
  • The first dilemma arises because these studies are based on a relatively small subset of individuals who identify within any of these continental ancestry or race groupings. (mixedracestudies.org)
  • METHODS: We applied a series of survey-weighted, generalized linear models using data from the entire NHANES women population along with cycle and age-group stratified subpopulations. (nih.gov)
  • Methods Thirty-six lateral radiographs of the head of African-Brazilians were used. (bvsalud.org)
  • This year's award recipients represent the wide variety of cultural preservation projects accomplished by individuals and groups across the city. (newportrestoration.org)
  • According to the out-of-Africa model, we all descend from a small group that existed some 100,000 to 80,000 years ago somewhere in eastern Africa. (blogspot.com)
  • 1997) studied mtDNA lineages in sub-Saharan Africans, 87% of the lineages seemed to originate in a series of population expansions that began some 80,000 years ago. (blogspot.com)
  • Historically, a group distinguished by classification according to physical features and origins in the western, central, and southern parts of Africa. (nih.gov)
  • Parents organize group rides to a local elementary school as a safe, healthy and low-carbon means of delivering kids to classrooms. (wbur.org)
  • As for archaic admixture outside Africa, Wall and colleagues (like John Hawks ) point to the Neanderthals and other local hominids. (blogspot.com)