American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Genealogy and HeraldryAfricaPolymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Trypanosomiasis, African: A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Trinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.

Identification of DNA polymorphisms associated with the V type alpha1-antitrypsin gene. (1/5501)

alpha1-Antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) is a highly polymorphic protein. The V allele of alpha1-AT has been shown to be associated with focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) in Negroid and mixed race South African patients. To identify mutations and polymorphisms in the gene for the V allele of alpha1-AT in five South African patients with FGS nephrotic syndrome DNA sequence analysis and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the coding exons were carried out. Four of the patients were heterozygous for the BstEII RFLP in exon III [M1(Val213)(Ala213)] and one patient was a M1(Ala213) homozygote. The mutation for the V allele was identified in exon II as Gly-148 (GGG)-->Arg (AGG) and in all patients was associated with a silent mutation at position 158 (AAC-->AAT). The patient who was homozygous for (Ala213) also had a silent mutation at position 256 in exon III (GAT-->GAC) which was not present in any of the other four patients. Although the V allele of alpha1-AT is not associated with severe plasma deficiency, it may be in linkage disequilibrium with other genes on chromosome 14 that predispose to FGS. Furthermore, the associated silent mutation at position 158 and the Ala213 polymorphism are of interest, as these could represent an evolutionary intermediate between the M1(Ala213) and M1(Val213) subtypes.  (+info)

NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction in salt-sensitive African Americans: antipressor and hemodynamic effects of potassium bicarbonate. (2/5501)

In 16 African Americans (blacks, 14 men, 2 women) with average admission mean arterial pressure (MAP, mm Hg) 99.9+/-3.5 (mean+/-SEM), we investigated whether NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction attends salt sensitivity and, if so, whether supplemental KHCO3 ameliorates both conditions. Throughout a 3-week period under controlled metabolic conditions, all subjects ate diets containing 15 mmol NaCl and 30 mmol potassium (K+) (per 70 kg body wt [BW] per day). Throughout weeks 2 and 3, NaCl was loaded to 250 mmol/d; throughout week 3, dietary K+ was supplemented to 170 mmol/d (KHCO3). On the last day of each study week, we measured renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using renal clearances of PAH and inulin. Ten subjects were salt sensitive (SS) (DeltaMAP >+5%) and 6 salt resistant (SR). In NaCl-loaded SS but not SR subjects, RBF (mL/min/1.73 m2) decreased from 920+/-75 to 828+/-46 (P<0.05); filtration fraction (FF, %) increased from 19. 4+/- to 21.4 (P<0.001); and renal vascular resistance (RVR) (10(3)xmm Hg/[mL/min]) increased from 101+/-8 to 131+/-10 (P<0.001). In all subjects combined, DeltaMAP varied inversely with DeltaRBF (r =-0.57, P=0.02) and directly with DeltaRVR (r = 0.65, P=0.006) and DeltaFF (r = 0.59, P=0.03), but not with MAP before NaCl loading. When supplemental KHCO3 abolished the pressor effect of NaCl in SS subjects, RBF was unaffected but GFR and FF decreased. The results show that in marginally K+-deficient blacks (1) NaCl-induced renal vasoconstrictive dysfunction attends salt sensitivity; (2) the dysfunction varies in extent directly with the NaCl-induced increase in blood pressure (BP); and (3) is complexly affected by supplemented KHCO3, GFR and FF decreasing but RBF not changing. In blacks, NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction may be a pathogenetic event in salt sensitivity.  (+info)

Heart rate and subsequent blood pressure in young adults: the CARDIA study. (3/5501)

The objective of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that baseline heart rate (HR) predicts subsequent blood pressure (BP) independently of baseline BP. In the multicenter longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study of black and white men and women initially aged 18 to 30 years, we studied 4762 participants who were not current users of antihypertensive drugs and had no history of heart problems at the baseline examination (1985-1986). In each race-sex subgroup, we estimated the effect of baseline HR on BP 2, 5, 7, and 10 years later by use of repeated measures regression analysis, adjusting for baseline BP, age, education, body fatness, physical fitness, fasting insulin, parental hypertension, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, and change of body mass index from baseline. The association between baseline HR and subsequent systolic BP (SBP) was explained by multivariable adjustment. However, HR was an independent predictor of subsequent diastolic BP (DBP) regardless of initial BP and other confounders in white men, white women, and black men (0.7 mm Hg increase per 10 bpm). We incorporated the part of the association that was already present at baseline by not adjusting for baseline DBP: the mean increase in subsequent DBP was 1.3 mm Hg per 10 bpm in white men, white women, and black men. A high HR may be considered a risk factor for subsequent high DBP in young persons.  (+info)

Associations of anti-beta2-glycoprotein I autoantibodies with HLA class II alleles in three ethnic groups. (4/5501)

OBJECTIVE: To determine any HLA associations with anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) antibodies in a large, retrospectively studied, multiethnic group of 262 patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or another connective tissue disease. METHODS: Anti-beta2GPI antibodies were detected in sera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA class II alleles (DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1) were determined by DNA oligotyping. RESULTS: The HLA-DQB1*0302 (DQ8) allele, typically carried on HLA-DR4 haplotypes, was associated with anti-beta2GPI when compared with both anti-beta2GPI-negative SLE patients and ethnically matched normal controls, especially in Mexican Americans and, to a lesser extent, in whites. Similarly, when ethnic groups were combined, HLA-DQB1*0302, as well as HLA-DQB1*03 alleles overall (DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0303), were strongly correlated with anti-beta2GPI antibodies. The HLA-DR6 (DR13) haplotype DRB1*1302; DQB1*0604/5 was also significantly increased, primarily in blacks. HLA-DR7 was not significantly increased in any of these 3 ethnic groups, and HLA-DR53 (DRB4*0101) was increased in Mexican Americans only. CONCLUSION: Certain HLA class II haplotypes genetically influence the expression of antibodies to beta2GPI, an important autoimmune response in the APS, but there are variations in HLA associations among different ethnic groups.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (5/5501)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Racial differences in the outcome of left ventricular dysfunction. (6/5501)

BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that black patients with congestive heart failure have a higher mortality rate than whites with the same condition. This finding has been attributed to differences in the severity, causes, and management of heart failure, the prevalence of coexisting conditions, and socioeconomic factors. Although these factors probably account for some of the higher mortality due to congestive heart failure among blacks, we hypothesized that racial differences in the natural history of left ventricular dysfunction might also have a role. METHODS: Using data from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention and treatment trials, in which all patients received standardized therapy and follow-up, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the outcomes of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction among black and white participants. The mean (+/-SD) follow-up was 34.2+/-14.0 months in the prevention trial and 32.3+/-14.8 months in the treatment trial among the black and white participants. RESULTS: The overall mortality rates in the prevention trial were 8.1 per 100 person-years for blacks and 5.1 per 100 person years for whites. In the treatment trial, the rates were 16.7 per 100 person-years and 13.4 per 100 person-years, respectively. After adjustment for age, coexisting conditions, severity and causes of heart failure, and use of medications, blacks had a higher risk of death from all causes in both the SOLVD prevention trial (relative risk, 1.36; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.74; P=0.02) and the treatment trial (relative risk, 1.25; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.50; P=0.02). In both trials blacks were also at higher risk for death due to pump failure and for the combined end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for heart failure, our two predefined indicators of the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Blacks with mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction appear to be at higher risk for progression of heart failure and death from any cause than similarly treated whites. These results suggest that there may be racial differences in the outcome of asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (7/5501)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Genetic polymorphism and interethnic variability of plasma paroxonase activity. (8/5501)

A method for determining plasma paroxonase activity using an auto-analyser is described. Frequency distributions for British and Indian subjects show bimodality. A study of 40 British families confirms the presence of a genetic polymorphism with regard to plasma paroxonase activity. Two phenotypes can be defined, controlled by two alleles at one autosomal locus. The frequency of the low activity phenotype is less in the Indian population than in the British population. Malay, Chinese, and African subjects fail to show obvious bimodality.  (+info)

*Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas

Linguists and biologists have reached a similar conclusion based on analysis of Amerindian language groups and ABO blood group ... Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (1st ed.). New York: Basic Civitas Books. p. 1320. ... And those who speak Na-dene, on the other hand, inherited a tenth of their ancestry from a third migrant wave. The initial ... The Amerindian populations show a lower genetic diversity than populations from other continental regions. Observed is a ...

*List of MeSH codes (M01)

... continental population groups MeSH M01.686.508.100 --- african continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.100.100 --- african ... european continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.600 --- oceanic ancestry group MeSH M01.686.754 --- ethnic groups MeSH ... american native continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.150.575 --- indians, central american MeSH M01.686.508.150.600 --- ... asian continental ancestry group MeSH M01.686.508.200.100 --- asian americans MeSH M01.686.508.400 --- ...

*Race, Evolution, and Behavior

African Continental Ancestry Group and European Continental Ancestry Group.) Rushton uses averages of hundreds of studies, ... in favor of terms such as African Continental Ancestry Group: The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks, and its four children ( ... terms have since been replaced in the scientific literature-the MeSH terminology as of 2004 is Asian Continental Ancestry Group ... Citing genetic research by Cavalli-Sforza, the African Eve hypothesis, and the out of Africa theory, Rushton writes that ...

*Asian people

November 17, 2006.Nlm.nih.gov: Asian Continental Ancestry Group is also used for categorical purposes. British Sociological ... In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. Due to the high number of Indians in South Africa, in ... But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into " ... In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly ...

*Bangweulu Block

Indirect evidence of an Archaean ancestry for the Bangweulu Block is provided by detrital zircons within the Mporokoso Group, ... and is overlain by a Palaeoproterozoic continental sedimentary succession, the Mporokoso Group, and does not preserve much ... The Bangweulu Block is a cratonic unit that forms part of the Congo craton of central Africa. The Bangweulu Block however ... the Central African Copperbelt (Rainaud et al., 2003). This indicates the presence of a ca. 3.2 Ga terrane called the Likasi ...

*Hakka Americans

Many of these people also have African ancestry. A significant minority of early Chinese immigrants to Hawaii, and even fewer ... One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. One example is a blog by ... A small number of Hakka came to the continental US before the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. Some Hakka also went to Hawaii, where ... There was a communal ban on intermarriages between the two groups for the first generation of migrants. In the middle of the ...

*Demographics of Mauritius

Mauritius also contains substantial populations from continental Africa, China, France, Great Britain and the East African ... Franco-Mauritians (Mauritian of French ancestry) are numbered about 13,000. The Franco-Mauritian group, mostly are the ... While the government officially groups Mauritians in four ethnic groups: Hindus, Muslims, Chinese and General population. The ... Creoles (of African descent or mixed-race) are about a quarter of the population. There are approximately 30,000 Sino- ...

*Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula

found Sub-Saharan ancestry throughout Europe at ranges of between 1-4%, "the highest proportion of African ancestry in Europe ... found Iberian populations to cluster the furthest from other continental groups, implying that Iberia holds the most ancient ... of shared ancestry with north africans, although the Canary islands are a spanish exclave located in the african continent, and ... concluding that Portugal and Spain hold significant levels of North African ancestry. Estimates of shared ancestry averaged ...

*Human genetic variation

... many individuals affiliate with two or more continental groups. Thus, the genetically based "biogeographical ancestry" assigned ... human Y-chromosomes trace ancestry to Africa, and the descendants of the derived lineage left Africa and eventually were ... of the variation in human head shapes occurs within continental groups, and ~10% separates groups, with a greater variability ... and some left Africa through East Africa. Observations consistent with this are that Africa contains the most human genetic ...

*Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database

Sub-Saharan Africa comprising speakers of different African language groups which live south of the Sahara). It is important to ... The YHRD defines six continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa, ... criterion seems most appropriate to group data by taking the ancestry into account and produce subdatabases with respect to ... Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. The concept ...

*Race and genetics

When one samples continental groups, the clusters become continental; with other sampling patterns, the clusters would be ... Native American and African ancestry. In Brazil there has been extensive admixture between Europeans, Amerindians and Africans ... or group) corresponds to only one ethnic group. African Americans have an estimated 10-20-percent European genetic admixture; ... among Europeans 15 percent were group B and 40 percent group A. Eastern Europeans and Russians had a higher incidence of group ...

*Antonio Arnaiz-Villena

Greeks possess none of the lineages denoting North African ancestry within the last 5000 years and have only 2% (3/148) of the ... Antonio Arnaiz-Villena is a Spanish immunologist noted for his controversial research into the genetic history of ethnic groups ... Additionally, in a sample of 366 Greeks from thirteen locations in continental Greece, Crete, Lesvos and Chios, a single ... No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low ...

*Haplogroup T-M184

"Dissecting the within-Africa ancestry of populations of African descent in the Americas". PLOS ONE. 6 (1): e14495. doi:10.1371/ ... Montinaro F, Davies J, Capelli C (2016). "Group membership, geography and shared ancestry: Genetic variation in the Basotho of ... "Inferring continental ancestry of argentineans from Autosomal, Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Human Genetics. ... Central Africa, and South Africa. The clade is borne by a majority of Dir clan Somalis in the Horn of Africa; among Kurru, ...

*Multiregional origin of modern humans

... and implied dual ancestry for each region, involving interbreeding with Africans. Thorne held that there was regional ... though it is also consistent with a mixture of two long isolated groups within Africa; it is not consistent with a recent ... Theory proponents also explain this with the fact that genetic changes occur on a regional basis rather than a continental ... was relatively recent and African seemed to give the upper hand to the proponents of the Out of Africa hypothesis. But in 2002 ...

*Breinigsville, Pennsylvania

Of the population 7.08% were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. The town has a population of 4,138 with a median age of 34.6. The ... In 2012, TEK Park was sold to MRA Group for $50 million. As of the 2010 census, Breinigsville consists of 51.11% females and ... The population is made of 79.92% White Non-Hispanic, 5.24% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American or Alaskan Native, ... Breinigsville lies within the humid continental climate zone (Köppen: Dfa ), and experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are ...

*Pachypodium habitats

In continental southern Africa, the extreme temperatures range from -10 °C (14 °F) for P. succulentum locations to as much as ... There are no fossil records of Pachypodium, a fact that does exclude analysis to determine common ancestry and current ... The broken geological formations of locally xeric landscapes tend to break up populations into smaller groups so that each ... Pachypodium represent the dry flora of continental Africa and Madagascar. The genus grows in areas where there are significant ...

*West Indian Americans

The number of enslaved Africans bought from the Caribbean increased in the 18th century, as the continental U.S. broadened its ... "Table 1. First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. ... The Caribbean is the source of the United States' earliest and largest Black immigrant group and the primary source of growth ... These slaves, many of whom were born in Africa, number among the first people of African origin imported to the British ...

*Human genetic clustering

When one samples continental groups the clusters become continental; if one had chosen other sampling patterns the clustering ... a person having Western European and Western African ancestries may have ancestors from Western Europe and West Africa, or ... Bantu populations grouped with other Niger-Congo-speaking populations from West Africa. African Americans largely belonged to ... Their analysis also found that non-African populations are a taxonomic subgroup of African populations, that "some African ...

*Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands

Continental Americans, although small in number in comparison with Caribbean immigrants, have also been part of the St. Croix ... Croix are persons who can trace their ancestry to the era prior to U.S. Virgin Islands acquisition of American citizenship in ... The island was inhabited by various indigenous groups during its prehistory. Christopher Columbus landed on Santa Cruz, as he ... Croix's population) largely consist of the descendants of enslaved Africans brought to the island by Europeans during the 18th ...

*Anostostomatidae

This may be the case but evidence for the large scale if not total submergence of continental crust in the New Zealand and New ... It is named Mimnermidae or Henicidae in some taxonomies, and common names include king crickets in South Africa and weta in New ... The modern distribution of this family in the southern hemisphere has led to speculation that members of this group owe their ... The distribution of this family reflects a common ancestry before the fragmenting of Gondwana. By virtue of their ability to ...

*Antarctic fishes

A group of species fit the species flock concept if they exhibit species richness, a common ancestor and share the same area. ... Most fish move to shallower waters or areas with sloping continental shelves to spawn. Eggs are released in batches. ... With the cleavage of Australia, South America and Africa from each other, species of marine life separated. As Antarctica ... Evidence of adaptive radiation is common ancestry, early bursts of speciation that decrease with time and a correlation between ...

*History of North Carolina

Persons Who Reported a Single Ancestry Group for Regions, Divisions and States: 1980 Table 1. Type of Ancestry Response for ... In the early years, the line between white indentured servants and African laborers was vague, as some Africans also arrived ... As the British army moved north toward Virginia, the Southern Division of the Continental Army and local militia prepared to ... the first African American to be elected mayor, and the first African American to be elected mayor in a white-majority city of ...

*Caspian, Michigan

Mlive Media Group. December 4, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016. Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 102. "Census of ... 26.6% were of Italian, 13.8% German, 10.9% Polish, 9.2% Finnish, 8.4% Swedish and 6.4% French ancestry according to Census 2000 ... According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Caspian has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate ... African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or ...

*Music of the United States

The origins of country are in rural Southern folk music, which was primarily Irish and British, with African and continental ... During the mid-1970s, highly slick and commercial bands such as Philly soul group The O'Jays and blue-eyed soul group Hall & ... The Creoles are a community with varied non-Anglo ancestry, mostly descendant of people who lived in Louisiana before its ... African American music includes blues and gospel, descendants of West African music brought to the Americas by slaves and mixed ...

*Demographics of Filipino Americans

Another group of Filipinos who immigrated to the Bay Area was war brides, many of whom married African-American "buffalo ... By the early 2010s estimates were there were around 90,000 Filipinos living in the region, being the largest Asian-ancestry in ... the San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area had the largest population of Filipinos of any metropolitan area in the continental ... ethnic group in the country, and they are projected to be the largest AAPI groups when the results of the 2010 census come out ...

*Marine mammal

Captivity usually bears little resemblance to wild habitat, and captive whales' social groups are foreign to those found in the ... This corresponds to the highest levels of primary production around North and South America, Africa, Asia and Australia. Total ... Seals, however, also use a number of terrestrial habitats, both continental and island. In temperate and tropical areas, they ... probably a remnant of their herbivorous ancestry. Baleen whales use their baleen plates to sieve plankton, among others, out of ...

*Racial segregation

Firstly, the Population Registration Act in 1950 classified residents in South Africa into four racial groups: "black", "white ... Segregation continues today, but more than 35%of the fishermen in the BC commercial fishery are of aboriginal ancestry, yet ... Indians and other Sub-Continentals, and has been thought to be the basis of ethnic tensions, and a deterioration of the ... The army had only five African-American officers. In addition, no African-American would receive the Medal of Honor during the ...
Best price in Australia on Nubian Heritage African Black Soap Cream Mask - 4 oz from eVitamins.com. Find African Black Soap Cream Mask reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast and reliable shipping to the Australia. African Black Soap Cream Mask and other products by Nubian Heritage for all your health needs.
SheaMoisture Conditioning Mask African Black Soap at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for SheaMoisture Conditioning Mask African Black Soap
As you can probably tell, Im developing a penchant for black soap. First it was Dr. Woods Shea Vision Pure Black Soap and now, its the Nubian Heritage African Black Soap Wash. I was seriously about to repurchase the one from Dr. Woods until I saw that this one is not described as a household cleanser and I dont have
Can zee african black soap remove and control - Chimpanzees: An Unnatural History - Introduction | Nature | PBS. We provides discount Revitol Stretch Mark Removal and Prevention product made in USA. Find on-line health supplements and Herbal beauty products here.
Liquid African Black Soap With Black Seed Essential Oil TEA TREE BASE 4 OZI ngredients: water cocoa pod ashes, plantain skin ashes, and palm oil. Hand
As part of the Global Village, the institute will partner with the African Black Diaspora Global Network on HIV/AIDS (ABDGN), will sponsor question-and-answer sessions with several plenary speakers at the conference and will publish a "roadmap," or guide, highlighting speaking sessions, performances, video presentations and panel discussions on HIV/AIDS geared toward members of the African Diaspora, communities with common links to African heritage. Baran says, more often than not, black communities across the globe have shared experiences of higher rates of HIV, higher incidences of poverty and less access to health care. Conference attendees receiving current, accurate information about HIV/AIDS, Baran explains, can take that information back to their communities and serve as authorities who can combat myths or misinformation that persist in some communities worldwide, whether its erroneous information about whos at risk or various conspiracy theories. "We are constantly trying to move ...
Intensive study and analysis of selected Afro-American problems and issues of limited scope, approached within an interdisciplinary format. Topics will vary, but will ordinarily cut across departmental concentration areas. Summer 2011 Topics RACE, CLASS, AND LITERACY (10570) CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE-WHITENESS (10568 & 10569 ...
What really happens when a White man crosses the color line in the 21st Century by marrying a Black woman | My Black Family and My White Male Privilege Monday, June 17, 2013 on A Safe Place to Talk About Race | VoiceAmerica - The Leader in Internet Media
T Morrison article discussing black womens indifference to current womens liberation movement says that Weltanschauung (philosophy) of black women is responsible for this indifference; cites black womens distrust of movement because it is largely white dominated and possibly, in opinion of black women, racist; notes that black women have known freedom white women are seeking under different label, responsibility; says black women are unable to understand new mutual interests between white women and black men because of sense of superiority; also attributes reluctance to join liberation movement to black males opposition based on their belief that black womens support of this cause may weaken black liberation struggle; describes womens liberation movement as an attempt by whites to become black without accepting responsibilities of being black; illus
ERNEST MORRELL is the Macy Professor of English Education and Director of the Institute for Urban and Minority Education (IUME) at Teachers College, Columbia University. He is also an elected Fellow of the American Educational Research Association a past-president of the National Council of Teachers of English, and an appointed member of the International Literacy Associations Research Panel. In 2016, Ernest was ranked among the top 100 university-based education scholars in the Annual EdWeek RHSU Edu-Scholar Public Influence Rankings. Ernest is also the recipient of the 2017 Divergent Award for Excellence in 21st Century Literacies. His scholarly interests include: (1) Anti-colonial and critical practices in the Teaching of English (2) Literature for Children (3) The African Diaspora as Imagined Community (4) Literature and Popular Culture in the African Diaspora, and (5) critical media pedagogies and youth popular cultural production in the digital age. Ernest has written more than 75 ...
Health, ...ANN ARBOR Mich. Young black women have the highest rate of develop...In Michigan lupus prevalence was three times higher than previous est...In addition to experiencing the disease earlier in life which can mea...The U-M research which covered roughly a quarter of the states popul...,Young,,black,women,at,highest,risk,for,lupus,,suffer,more,life-threatening,complications,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
best seller!online wholesale male sex pills review,wholesale male sex capsules,original male enhancement pills,Alcohol does not interfere with its therapeutic effect,come and buy this product,it can have amazing effect
Im not going to lie... it looks pretty terrible. Its brown and lumpy and weird looking: everyone in my house calls it Mums Turd Soap and pulls faces whenever I happen to leave a piece in the soap dish with the regular soap bar. But believe me, appearances are deceptive and I am more than prepared to deal with the way it looks for the results it has given me. This stuff is amazing. In my first two weeks of using this soap, it cleared up ALL of the active acne on my face (acne which was even resisting the effects of Quinoderm, previously the only thing that even came close to curing it for me). I went from having at least 3 or 4 active spots at any given moment, to none at all. By the end of the third week, most of my stubborn blackheads that just. wouldnt. quit. despite years of trying to treat them had also vanished, and the few that remain are also decreasing. Two months later, I havent had a single breakout. My skin is smoother, the patch of psoriasis that always tries to appear on my ...
Hypertension detected in young black women by routine screening in a family planning clinics.: The prevalence of hypertension, defined as a diastolic blood pres
The optic nerves of American blacks may be more susceptible than those of whites to internal eye pressures associated with glaucoma, say the authors of a new Johns Hopkins study.The study identified
Claiming that black women are genocidal and violent "for our own good" is just a continuation of the same overt disrespect we so often encounter from those who claim to want to help us. FYI - this aint the first time yall have tried to make the case that black women are somehow incapable of making decisions whether to have children, how to have children and how to raise the children we have in quite another ...
Claiming that black women are genocidal and violent "for our own good" is just a continuation of the same overt disrespect we so often encounter from those who claim to want to help us. FYI - this aint the first time yall have tried to make the case that black women are somehow incapable of making decisions whether to have children, how to have children and how to raise the children we have in quite another ...
Between 15 and 20 percent of black people carry a genetic mutation that puts them at risk for certain chronic kidney disease, but only about half of them develop the illness -- a variance that long has puzzled researchers. Now a study has found that the gene mutations toxic effects require higher than normal levels of a protein called suPAR to trigger the onset and progression of the disease.
Shop black people travel mugs and add some artistic style to your hot and cold beverages. Amazing desings by thousands of artists from around the world. Worldwide shipping available.
... Just browse Black female kitten names or filter the names by part of the names, we hope you get your perfect cat name here.
American politicians are now eager to disown a failed criminal-justice system thats left the U.S. with the largest incarcerated population in the world. But theyve failed to reckon with history. Fifty years after Daniel Patrick Moynihans report
In Knox County, black men are more likely than white men to die of colon cancer. Black women are more likely than white women to die of breast cancer.
(HealthDay)-Black children are less likely to be prescribed antibiotics and to be diagnosed with conditions that require antibiotics, even when treated by the same doctor, according to research published online March 18 ...
Add a retro twist to your look with our Black Fishnet Footless Pantyhose! These fun and flirty Black Fishnet Footless Pantyhose feature a classic fishnet weave with elastic cuffs.
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
A new study finds that black people are less likely to keep their viral load down on Atripla -- and that more trouble with side effects may be the reason.
Yes! Blood does matter to the Creek nation. Blood quantum was used to determine restrictions of alloted land and Black families with blood quantums were removed (transferred) from the by blood roll to the freedmen roll (mother not of Indian blood). The following are Creek freedmen families I have
Black people, on average, are more likely to die of cancer than white people. Is part of that difference genetic? The Journal of the National Cancer In ...
Objectives: The present study investigated how the serum lipids responded to a high-fat meal in black South African subjects with different APOE genotypes, a population that until recently was reported to be consuming a traditional diet of low fat and high carbohydrates. Methods: Sixty students (males and females) of the University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus were successfully genotyped using Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and grouped into four APOE genotype groups; ε2, ε2/ε4, ε3 and ε4. Only thirty-three subjects volunteered to participate in the oral fat-tolerance test (OFTT), but two were excluded for having abnormal total cholesterol (6.05 mmol/l) and LDL cholesterol (3.12 mmol/l) so only 31 subjects were left. The numbers per group were ε2=5, ε2/ε4=8, ε3=9 and ε4=9. After an overnight fast blood was drawn for measurements of baseline serum parameters. Subjects were administered a high fat meal 30 minutes after the baseline blood sample was drawn. Blood was drawn ...
Background and Purpose- Stroke associated with HIV infection is poorly characterized. In this study we analyze the association in a black African population.. Methods- The clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of 35 hospital-based black South African, heterosexual, HIV-infected patients who did not abuse intravenous drugs and presented with strokes were prospectively studied. The patients were antiretroviral therapy naive. Patients with other intracranial space-occupying lesions were excluded from the study.. Results- The age range was 20 to 61 years (mean, 32.1 years). There were 21 female and 14 male patients, with a female to male ratio of 1.5:1. Cerebral infarction occurred in 33 patients (94%) and intracerebral hemorrhage in 2 patients (6%). Underlying causes were identified in 30 of the 35 patients (86%) and included coagulopathies, meningitis, cardioembolism, and hypertension. The most common coagulopathy was protein S deficiency. No cause was found in 5 patients ...
Kew, M. C., Song, E., Mohammed, A. and Hodkinson, J. (1990), Contraceptive steroids as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma: A case/control study in south african black women. Hepatology, 11: 298-302. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840110221 ...
Plasma renin activity was measured in the arterial blood, peripheral venous blood, uterine venous blood and in the urine of pregnant South African Blacks, 14 normotensives and 19 with specific hypertensive disease.
Using GBTM, we identified 3 sex-specific trajectories for SBP and DBP; each showing gradual increases in BP with age in Black South African children. In boys, upper and middle BP height-adjusted trajectory membership was inversely associated with birth weight and positively associated with relative weight gain and linear growth in infancy. Girls who experienced accelerated growth (both in weight and height) in infancy and childhood tended to be in the upper versus lower SBP trajectory, whereas rapid growth in infancy positively predicted being in the middle versus lower class. With regard to DBP in girls, rapid relative weight gain in infancy and mid-childhood was predictors for the upper and middle trajectories (in comparison to the lower trajectory). These findings support the hypothesis that accelerated relative weight gain in early life may program higher long-term disease risks.23. A major feature of our study is that we confirmed heterogeneity in BP over time in children and adolescents by ...
BACKGROUND:. The Duffy-null trait and ethnic netropenia are both highly prevalent in Africa. The influence of pre-seroconversion levels of peripheral blood cell counts (PBCs) on the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection among Africans is unknown.. METHODS:. The triangular relationship among pre-seroconversion PBC counts, host genotypes, and risk of HIV acquisition was determined in a prospective cohort of black South African high-risk female sex workers. Twenty-seven women had seroconversion during follow-up, and 115 remained HIV negative for 2 years, despite engaging in high-risk activity.. RESULTS:. Pre-seroconversion neutrophil counts in women who subsequently had seroconversion were significantly lower, whereas platelet counts were higher, compared with those who remained HIV negative. Comprising 27% of the cohort, subjects with pre-seroconversion neutrophil counts of ...
JOHANNESBURG (Oct. 2). The King David Primary School, a Jewish school in Victoria Park, is teaching its first to fourth grade pupils South Sotho, a major language of South African Blacks. One 20-minute lesson a week is given which includes learning the morning prayers in South Sotho. The youngsters do their homework with the assistance of the Black family servants, according to their teacher, Mrs. Thelma Altschuler.. She said the lessons in South Sotho are intended to make the Jewish youngsters aware of the fact that Black people with whom they have daily contact at home have a culture of their own which is a closed book to the average white child in South Africa. The King David School museum recently held an exhibition of the customs, music and dress of the South Sothos.. Mrs. Altschuler, who was born and lived for 20 years on a farm in Ficksburg, on the Lesotho border, learned the language of that South African Black region as a child, along with English and Afrikaans. The latter, a form of ...
Editor-Cystic fibrosis (CF), a common autosomal recessive disease in white populations, appears to be rare in the black African population and very few cases have been reported.1 However, the disease is probably underdiagnosed and its frequency is still undetermined. Among the few mutations reported to date in the black African population, a first study identified the presence of the 3120+1 G,A mutation in five out of eight CF chromosomes, a mutation previously described in black American CF patients.2 The three other mutations identified in that study were ΔF508, G1249E, and 3196del54. More recently, a systematic screening of the 3120+1G,A transition performed in different populations of African origin led to a carrier frequency estimation of one out of 91 in southern Africa and one out of 315 in central Africa, while no carrier was detected in a population of 109 subjects originating from west Africa.1 The frequency of CF in African populations may therefore be higher than generally ...
SheaMoisture African Black Soap Clear & Balance Hair & Scalp System at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for SheaMoisture African Black Soap Clear & Balance Hair & Scalp System
Fishpond Australia, SheaMoisture African Black Soap Dandruff Control Conditioner - 380ml. Buy Beauty online: SheaMoisture African Black Soap Dandruff Control Conditioner - 380ml, , Fishpond.com.au
These archaeology web sites about African Americans and the African Diaspora have been evaluated for public-friendliness by members of the SAA Public Education Committee.
The finding in the LIFE study that black patients seem to have a greater reduction in the risk of cardiovascular events with atenolol relative to losartan, whereas the rest of the LIFE-study participants, including the non-black U.S. patients, benefited substantially more from losartan than from atenolol, is fascinating. However, there are limitations of subanalyses, in general, and in particular the post hoc nature of the grouping of black and non-black patients, that must be considered. In addition, relatively few primary cardiovascular events occurred in black patients (46 of 270 losartan-treated patients and 29 of 263 atenolol-treated patients), which may seriously limit the stability of the finding. It must also be recognized that it is not appropriate to make comparisons of the individual treatments across the black and non-black subgroups as observed differences might be due to confounding factors and that there were no adjustments to the analyses for multiplicity.. Three elements led to ...
Beperkte inligting is beskikbaar oor die eetgewoontes en voedselvoorkeure van die Suid-Afrikaanse bevolking. Die eetgewoontes en voedselvoorkeure van mans (16-25 jaar) wat dienspligtig was ten tye van die studie, 1993 tot Maart 1994, is bepaal. Die resultate van die studie het daarop gedui dat die sewe etniese groepe (blankes, kleurlinge, Noord-Sotho's, Suid-Sotho's, Tswanas, Xhosas en Zoeloes) in twee groepe verdeel kan word op grond van ooreenkomste in hulle eetgewoontes en voedselvoorkeure. Die blankes en kleurlinge, wat beide tipiese Westerse eetpatrone en voedselvoorkeure gerapporteer het, het 'n groep gevorm, en die vyf swart etniese groepe het 'n tweede groep gevorm. <br>In 'n vergelyking tussen die tradisionele en huidige eetgewoontes van die swart bevolkingsgroepe in Suid-Afrika, is daar 'n duidelike verandering opgemerk. Die tradisionele eetpatroon en maaltydsamestelling is gedeeltelik vervang deur 'n tipiese Westerse eetpatroon en maaltydsamestelling.
Black White Stripe Fabric, Wholesale Various High Quality Black White Stripe Fabric Products from Global Black White Stripe Fabric Suppliers and Black White Stripe Fabric Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity is a unique peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research and review articles dealing with the cellular and molecular mechanisms of oxidative stress in the nervous system and related organ systems in relation to aging, immune function, vascular biology, metabolism, cellular survival and cellular longevity. Oxidative stress impacts almost all acute and chronic progressive disorders and on a cellular basis is intimately linked to aging, cardiovascular disease, cancer, immune function, metabolism and neurodegeneration. The journal fills a significant void in todays scientific literature and serves as an international forum for the scientific community worldwide to translate pioneering
Cobb, S. A.; Wider, C.; Ross, O. A.; Mata, I. F.; Adler, C. H.; Rajput, A.; Rajput, A. H.; Wu, R. M.; Hauser, R.; Josephs, K. A.; Carr, J.; Gwinn, K.; Heckman, M. G.; Aasly, J. O.; Lynch, T.; Uitti, R. J.; Wszolek, Z. K.; Kapatos, G.; Farrer, M. J. (2009) ...
SheaMoistures African Black Soap Problem Facial Mask deeply cleansing mask draws out impurities, absorbing excess oil and helps refine skin while addressing problems associated with acne. Skin feels clean and refreshed.
Your skin will love this pure African Black Soap by Alaffia - pure goodness, fair trade, toxin-free, biodegradable - available Australia-wide at The Organic Store.
African Black Soap information including description from Alaffia, supplement facts, and suggested use. Order online for quick delivery at the best prices.
Few plant breeders in the world work on indigenous African crops. In fact, the lack of research on these nutritious and locally valued plants has been almost total. But Dr Enoch Achigan-Dako, a researcher from Benin, is working on four at the same time. He is equally passionate about each and, between training sessions at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), expounds on them one by one.. "Amaranthus can never disappear from our farms," says the senior lecturer at the University of Abomey- Calavi. "Within one month, you have your plant. But I want to cross Amaranthus cruentus with A. dubius for bigger leaves and taller plants. I also want to delay the flowering time, because once the plant flowers, vegetable sellers think it is old. They want tender leaves."…Read more. ...
The Andrew J. Young Foundation in partnership with Morehouse School of Medicine and PROMETRA International holds a press conference to announce the groundbreaking preliminary lab results of indigenous African plant-based extracts against the Ebola virus.
Even though overall black patients have a lower risk of death while receiving dialysis than white patients, this applies primarily to older adults, as black patients younger than 50 years of age have a significantly higher risk of death, according to a study in the August 10 issue of JAMA.. "Of more than 500,000 individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States, approximately one-third are black, and the relative incidence of ESRD is 3.6 times higher among black than white patients. Moreover, racial disparities in quality of and access to care for patients with kidney disease are well-documented. Compared with white patients, fewer black patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are under the care of a nephrologist, and their rates of referral for peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation are significantly lower," according to background information in the article. Also, black patients who receive dialysis are less likely to receive an adequate dialysis dose and achieve ...
This is a particularly harsh view of "European" society, and is a complete rejection of half her parentage. Nevertheless, the assumption that culture follows biology is at the root of the official black view of cross-racial adoption. In 1972, the National Association of Black Social Workers (the one that holds exclusively black conferences) officially took the stance that adoption of blacks by whites was "genocide." In 1994, it withdrew the charge that it is genocide, but still opposes adoption by whites.The association asserts "black children in white homes are cut off from the healthy development of themselves as black people.". South African blacks agree. Under white rule, it was illegal for whites to adopt black babies, but after the African National Congress took power in 1994 it repealed the ban. The AIDS epidemic and the social disruption that followed the end of apartheid have led to growing numbers of abandoned black babies, with hundreds given up for adoption every month. Whites have ...
What is already known about this subject African Americans are disproportionately affected by obesity and other metabolic risk factors in comparison to White Americans. Increasing prevalence of obesity has been associated with concomitant increases i
A master archivist and historian of African American literature, Gene Jarrett has assembled a compelling new collection of essays for this necessary addition to the study of African American writing and thought. The volume offers a comprehensive survey of the African American canon, but also goes in new directions, giving fresh emphasis to the earliest writing of African Americans as well as to the exciting field of Latino/-a writing in the African Diaspora. This is a field-defining collection."-Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Harvard University. "A Companion to African American Literature is a pathbreaking collection that will revolutionize the study of African American literature and literary culture. Written by leading established and emerging scholars in the field, the essays both provide a comprehensive overview of African American literary trends and preoccupations and challenge our conventional understanding of racial and national identities, literary genres, and intertextual influences. ...
Goedecke JH, Mendham AE, Clamp L, Nono Nankam PA, Fortuin-de Smidt MC, Phiri L, Micklesfield LK, Keswell D, Woudberg NJ, Lecour S, Alhamud A, Kaba M, Lutomia FM, van Jaarsveld PJ, de Villiers A, Kahn SE, Chorell E, Hauksson J, Olsson T (2017) An exercise intervention to unravel the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance in a cohort of black South African women: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Res Protoc 03/10/2017:9098 ...
There are more American Black Bears than any other species found in the world... More Facts and Information about American Black Bears
We did not observe differences in melanin optical density between the different stages of ARM, in line with recent epidemiologic studies. 28 As mentioned, the evidence that AMD is the result of oxidative damage and thus the hypothesis that melanin may protect the macular region by its antioxidant capability may be questionable. 48 Some studies, however, have shown an increase in the prevalence of AMD in white compared with black subjects. 28 The RPE melanin content is similar between black and white persons, whereas black persons have almost twice the amount of choroidal melanin than do white persons. The spatial distribution of melanin has been measured in different races. 56 The melanin optical density in the RPE was 0.40 ± 0.15 in white subjects and 0.40 ± 0.14 in black subjects (the results for an effective spectral range of 500-600 nm of that study were scaled to match the optical density at 500 nm, as defined in this study). The choroidal melanin optical density was 0.96 ± 0.67 in white ...
on the current state of the black community? In an age of keep it real it seems the realest of them all is not embraced. My opinion is because hes...
Differences in wealth are also likely to affect achievement, but these are usually overlooked because most analysts focus only on annual family income to indicate disadvantage. This makes it hard to understand why black students, on average, score lower than whites whose family incomes are the same. It is easier to understand this pattern when we recognize that children can have similar family incomes but be of different economic classes: black families with low income in any year are likely to have been poor for longer than white families with similar income in that year. White families are likely to own far more assets that support their children s achievement than are black families at the same income level, partly because black middle-class parents are more likely to be the first generation in their families to have middle-class status. Although median black family income is now nearly 2/3 of white income, black family assets are still only 12% of whites . This difference means that, among ...
Black individuals have a disproportionate incidence of ESRD when compared with white individuals, and among patients with ESRD, black patients experience better survival. The aim of this analysis is to assess, in a nationally representative sample of patients with cardiovascular disease, ethnic differences in survival among predialysis patients with kidney disease. A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of Cooperative Cardiovascular Project data of Medicare patients who were aged | 65 yr and admitted for incident acute myocardial infarction and had 3 yr of mortality follow-up. Cox regression models and Kaplan Meier estimates were performed to examine differences in survival between black and white patients stratified by severity of kidney disease. Of 57,942 patients, 7.3% were black. Black patients were younger and more likely to be female and were less likely to have decreased kidney function. A significant interaction between race and kidney function existed with respect to mortality among
Despite years of great progress in treating AIDS, the number of new infections with the virus that causes it has remained stubbornly around 50,000 a year in the United States for a decade, according to new figures released on Wednesday by federal officials. The American epidemic is still concentrated primarily in gay men, and is growing rapidly worse among young black gay men. That realization is causing a rift in the AIDS community. Activists say the persistent H.I.V. infection rate proves that the government prevention policy is a flop. Federal officials are on the defensive even as they concede that the epidemic will grow if prevention does not get better, which they know is unlikely while their budgets are being cut (McNeil, 8/3). CQ HealthBeat: HIV Infection Rates Plateau, Except For Increases Among Young Black Men ...
It has been assumed that receipt of a diagnosis of HIV is a uniquely distressing event, more so than with any other illness. The present study compared the mean scores on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, a measure of emotional distress, of South African patients living with HIV/AIDS, hypertension, diabetes, and both hypertension and diabetes. The differences among the four groups were non-significant, suggesting that living with HIV/AIDS may be no more emotionally distressing than other common chronic illnesses. In this research note, it is speculated that these findings may be accounted for in terms of the high prevalence of HIV in South Africa, the recent availability of antiretroviral treatment resulting in HIV being seen as a chronic illness rather than a death sentence, and the base rate of mental health problems among the South African population. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.. ...
ITS YOUR TURN IN THE BARREL Hominids, of whatever variety, all seem to share a sanctimonious and egoistic nature. We are right. They are wrong. What I know is true. What you know is false. My opinion has merit. Yours has none. I am intelligent. You are an idiot. The enemy "loots" captured cities but we "liberate" captured cities. When they kill our kind, they are butchers and murderers. When we kill them, it is a righteous assault upon evil. (Note the current fad: the Hitler of the month.) When we win, it is a great battle. When they win, it is a massacre. And so it goes. A horse is never called a slave. When a hominid takes the place of a horse, or other beast of burden, we refer to him as a slave. Black people have enslaved Black people. Black people have enslaved White people. White people have enslaved White people and White people have enslaved Black people. Lets not forget to include the Yellow people. The one with the upper hand makes the rules and forms the laws and definitions. At ...
2008 (English)In: Seeking the Self - Encountering the Other: Diasporic Narrative and the Ethics of Representation / [ed] Tuomas Huttunen, Kaisa Ilmonen, Janne Korkka & Elina Valovirta, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing , 2008, 291-310 p.Chapter in book (Other academic) ...
ELAC 2.5-Way Bass-Reflex FS 247.3 Floorstanding Speaker (Black/White, Each/Single) - High Gloss : ELAC 2 1/2-Way Bass-Reflex FS 247.3 Floorstanding Speaker (Black/White, Each/Single) - High Gloss
We found that black women with coronary artery disease were twice as likely to sustain a CHD event compared with white women in the HERS study. Black participants had poorer blood pressure and lipid control and were less likely to receive a daily aspirin or statin. Although adjusting for these differences partly attenuated the effect, the increased risk for black women persisted, particularly for nonfatal MI. Given their increased CHD risk, the lower rates of treatment for black women are concerning.. Several possible factors may explain higher CHD event rates for black women. They were sicker at enrollment, with higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, and renal dysfunction. Despite adjusting for and stratifying by these factors, black women had worse outcomes. Less aggressive risk factor control and preventive therapy may explain worse outcomes, but racial differences persisted despite adjustment for these factors. Adjusting for the differences in disease severity, ...
In response to my last post, I wrote a response that addressed the unfortunate phenomenon of black women desperately struggling to hold on to their "black cards." This struggle is typified by black women who deep inside recognize that, on a practical level, they must explore their options romantically, professionally, educationally, and in every other manner; but who emotionally , cannot let go of their attachment to the "community." As I noted in my post, too often I encounter BW who date/mate IR on the "downlow," but who are still desperately trying to hold onto their "black cards." Despite the fact that they sometimes form romantic attachments to non-black men because they must, since these are the only viable mates available, they go out of their way to emphasize their love and preference for "the black man." They idealize "black love," and even though they often seek the highest quality non-black mates for THEMSELVES, they encourage other black women to "hold out" for their black knights in ...
In response to my last post, I wrote a response that addressed the unfortunate phenomenon of black women desperately struggling to hold on to their "black cards." This struggle is typified by black women who deep inside recognize that, on a practical level, they must explore their options romantically, professionally, educationally, and in every other manner; but who emotionally , cannot let go of their attachment to the "community." As I noted in my post, too often I encounter BW who date/mate IR on the "downlow," but who are still desperately trying to hold onto their "black cards." Despite the fact that they sometimes form romantic attachments to non-black men because they must, since these are the only viable mates available, they go out of their way to emphasize their love and preference for "the black man." They idealize "black love," and even though they often seek the highest quality non-black mates for THEMSELVES, they encourage other black women to "hold out" for their black knights in ...
We have previously described elevated Lii -Nao countertransport (CT) and Na-K cotransport (CO) in red cells of Caucasian patients from Boston. In this study, we report both transport systems in black patients from Philadelphia. The maximal rate (Vmax
OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors associated with HIV testing among heterosexual black Africans aged 16-44 years living in Britain. DESIGN: We analysed data from the second British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal 2000)-a stratified national probability sample survey conducted between 1999-2001. Data from Natsals main and ethnic minority boost (EMB) samples were analysed. Multivariate analysis was performed using complex survey functions to account for the clustered, stratified, and differential selection probabilities inherent within the survey. RESULTS: A total of 385 (216 women and 169 men) black African respondents were included in the study. 44.0% women and 36.4% men reported ever having had an HIV test. In univariate analysis, HIV testing was associated with being born abroad (OR 3.63), having a new partner(s) from abroad in past 5 years (OR 2.88), and attending a GUM clinic (OR 3.27) among men; and educational attainment (OR 3.50), perception of not very ...
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2001;9(4) 239в41. Lee, K. J Clin Invest 87503в512, multiple myeloma, and primary amyloidosis, Clin Cancer Res 8 (7), 2210в2216, 2002.
Buy Black Power/White Control by John Hall Fish from Waterstones today! Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £20.
African Americans: African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have nonblack ancestors as
The number of new HIV infections in the U.S. is relatively stable at about 50,000 people a year. But HIV is on the rise in people under 25, federal data show. The upswing is driven largely by infections among young black men.
Ironically, rugby is also a game with deep roots in black South Africa. For several decades rugby has been the number one sport among Africans in the Eastern Cape, with strong bases in the so-called coloured townships of Cape Town and Johannesburg. In apartheid days, black players had two choices: either collaborate by playing for teams approved by the white establishment, or play within leagues sanctioned by the anti-apartheid South African Council on Sport, whose lack of fields, facilities and expertise made for a relatively low level of competition. Not a brilliant choice, but at least there were black players out there, and when apartheid crumbled, it should, on paper, have been a fairly simple task to seek out young black talent to improve that portrait of an almost all-white team in a country that is 78% black African (and that figure does not include Asian and mixed-race Africans). Yet it never happened. It turns out - as South Africa has learned in so many arenas - that previously racist ...
Well, as far as Im concerned, I could careless for a man dating outside his ethnic group. What I do, however, have an issue with is people dating outside their ethnic group based on the qualities another group may have. Theres no such thing. This means that black man date white women because there easy and more easily controlled than a black women. And this by the way can be applied to anybody not just black/white people crossing the color lines. Now, with this man, I feel like there are few things about him that a lot of black women are not going to stand for; I at least can say that much for me, this brother doesnt want to get married until gay people can. Noble, but suspect and Im not quite the women to wait for someone else to be happy so I can be. Im all for supporting their cause, but you can do that and still have your happiness. This man also seems to move a little fast judging on something hes said that makes me wonder how stable he is in a relationship. Sometimes us as black ...
Find info concerning The University of Wisconsin Platteville Afro-American studies. Completion of a college degree program can qualify you to enter the workforce immediately. To get started, browse degree programs and certificate courses online.
Eventbrite - WWW.IMLOOPY.COM presents MLK HOLIDAY WEEKEND WE ARE PAINTING NYC BLACK AT THE BRAND NEW CLUB ORBIT - Sunday, January 14, 2018 | Monday, January 15, 2018 at FREQ, New York, NY. Find event and ticket information.
Find information about Hesston College Afro-American studies. You can start working in a high-paying field with just an associates or a bachelors degree. To begin, browse accredited college degree programs and certificate courses online.
African Americans and Jungian Psychology: Leaving the Shadows explores the little-known racial relationship between the African diaspora and C.G. Jungs analytical psychology. In this unique book, Fanny Brewster explores the culture of Jungian…
Even I wanted to know the full account on how OBL was discovered..In Mark Owens No Easy Day, they mention one analyst who had been tracking the man for years and was so certain that he was in that complex. No way of learning the truth I believe since most parts including the true author is hidden from the general populations view.. ReplyDelete ...
In Americas nascency, black people had it rough for sure. The majority endured a joyless life of servitude and hard labor under the heel of severe plantat
Petals Lariat in Black White Netural by Arden Bardol. Handcrafted polymer clay petals form the body of this piece. Each petal is one of a kind. Each piece is lightweight and is approximately 44 inches long. Each piece is unique. Exact patterning and coloration will vary slightly. No pieces will be alike and your art pieces will be uniquely your own. Variations to expect are in the exact colors of the art pieces. They all will be created using the shown color pallet, but variations are to be expected.
The price of Student Black White Red 13 Keys Note Melodica Portable Mouth Organ is fair while it is also of high value. You can find whatever in you mind at a low price with free shipping at sourcingmap.
Color :Black White. Size:10 different Size. Due to the difference between different monitors, the picture may not reflect 100% actual color of the item,hope you can understandinbg. | eBay!
Fizik ▶ The Aliante with K:ium rails and a carbon reinforced Nylon TwinFlex shell with scuff guards. ▶ Model: black / white asymmetric
The head of the National Health Laboratory Service and of anatomical pathology at Witwatersrand University is warning of a rise in human papillomavirus ...
Feng, Ye; Rhie, Suhn K.; Huo, Dezheng; Ruiz-Narvaez, Edward A.; Haddad, Stephen A.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; John, Esther M.; Bernstein, Leslie; Zheng, Wei; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ziegler, Regina G.; Nyante, Sarah; Bandera, Elisa V.; Ingles, Sue Ann; Press, Michael F.; Deming, Sandra L.; Rodriguez-Gil, Jorge L.; Zheng, Yonglan; Yao, Song; Han, Yoo Jeong; Ogundiran, Temidayo O.; Rebbeck, Timothy R.; Adebamowo, Clement; Ojengbede, Oladosu; Falusi, Adeyinka G.; Hennis, Anselm; Nemesure, Barbara; Ambs, Stefan; Blot, William; Cai, Qiuyin; Signorello, Lisa; Nathanson, Katherine L.; Lunetta, Kathryn L.; Sucheston-Campbell, Lara E.; Bensen, Jeannette T.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Le Marchand, Loic; Olshan, Andrew F.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Conti, David V.; Coetzee, Gerhard; Stram, Daniel O.; Olopade, Olufunmilayo I.; Palmer, Julie R.; & Haiman, Christopher A. (2017). Characterizing Genetic Susceptibility to Breast Cancer in Women of African Ancestry. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 26(7), 1016-26. PMCID:
The topnotch dating site for white men who love black women or black women seeking white men. Your first choice to date black girls or white men on the net!
Literary Crossroads is a series of talks where Nigerian writers meet colleagues from all over the continent and from the African diaspora to discuss trends, topics and themes prevalent in their literatures today.. ...
age - becoming around the age of forty (above twenty five for men and women of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin, even if you had been born in the united kingdom) genetics - having a close relative With all the ailment, like a parent, brother or sister body weight - staying overweight or obese Folks of south Asian and African-Caribbean origin also have an elevated hazard of building troubles of diabetes, like cardiovascular disease, in a younger age than the rest of the population ...
EDITORIAL Integrating Research on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care Over Place and Time Alan M. Zaslavsky, PhD,* and John Z. Ayanian, MD, MPP* Black Americans have substantially higher rates
Women in Africa and the African Diaspora edited by Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Sharon Harley, and Andrea Benton Rushing, Women, State, and Ideology: Studies from Africa and Asia edited by Haleh Afshar ...
Even though drugs that can keep HIV at bay are available, only about one in three black Americans with the AIDS-causing virus have their infection under control, U.S. health officials said Thursday.
Results. White versus black subjects had a significantly higher WBC count in all age groups. WBC count was associated with more MetS components in whites than in blacks. Mean values of WBC increased significantly with increasing number of MetS components with adverse levels in adolescents and adults, with a stronger trend in whites. WBC count was longitudinally associated with MetS in whites only (p,0.001). ...
Its not that the opportunities arent there, black people just wont go for them. We are our own worst enemy. Look at our youth, the future of black people! If thats it, we fd ...
This gentle, homeopathic cleanser with African Black Soap naturally exfoliates and removes bacteria, excess oil and impurities that can clog pores without over-drying or irritating skin. Aloe Vera, Oats and Vitamin E help soothe acne prone skin.
TSHIFULARO, M y JOSEPH, C A. Otosclerosis and TGF-β1 gene in black South Africans. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2008, vol.98, n.9, pp.720-723. ISSN 2078-5135.. Limited literature is available on the epidemiology and genetics of otosclerosis in South African blacks, among whom it is extremely rare. We undertook this study because we had documented and surgically confirmed cases of clinical oval window otosclerosis in this population.. ...
Objective: Nasal use of snuff is the predominant form of tobacco use among black South African women. This study examines the association between snuff use and chronic bronchitis (CB) among black South African women. Design: The study investigates a nationally representative sample of 4,464 black women ≥25 years old who participated in the 1998 South African Demographic and Health Survey. Data on participants tobacco use patterns, medical history and other relevant factors were obtained through an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) were also measured. Data analysis included chi-square statistics, t-tests and multiple logistic regression analysis. Outcome measure: CB, defined as reporting a productive cough for ≥3months/year for at least two successive years. Results: The prevalence of current snuff use was 16.1% (n=719). Compared to non-users of snuff, snuff users were not only more likely to present with a history of tuberculosis (TB) (23.3% vs. ...
African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasian Americans and this discrepancy cannot be explained by measures of body weight or body composition. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity of African Americans and Caucasian Americans to glucocorticoids by measuring glucose and insulin responses to a meal challenge under conditions of placebo and glucocorticoid. A total of 160 healthy or overweight/obese African American and Caucasian American participants completed exercise testing and a liquid meal challenge during separate laboratory visits. Participants were evaluated following treatments with placebo and dexamethasone (4 mg). Main outcome measures were correlation between body composition measures (body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference) and insulin responses; insulin and glucose responses after a liquid meal challenge; and calculated HOMA. After dexamethasone treatment African Americans were significantly more hyperinsulinemic after a meal as indicated by
African black soap. W/tamarind extract & tea tree oil. Clear and balance blemished, oily skin. This gentle facial exfoliator provides instant resurfacing benefits while helping to control breakouts. African black soap and shea butter, natural blemish-fighting secrets, combine with kaolin clay to absorb impurities, control excess oil and detoxify skin. Tamarind extract and tea tree oil help calm and encourage skin to clear. Our Story: Sofi Tucker started selling shea nuts at the village market in Bonthe, Sierra Leone in 1912. By age 19, the widowed mother of four was selling shea butter, African black soap and her homemade hair and skin preparations all over the countryside. Sofi Tucker was our grandmother and SheaMoisture is her legacy. With this purchase you help empower disadvantaged women to realize a brighter, healthier future. African Black Soap: A natural remedy for blemished, troubled skin. Tamarind Extract: A natural astringent. Helps exfoliate and brighten skin. Tea Tree Oil: Promotes ...
Most cases of hyperaldosteronism affect younger adults between the ages of 30 and 50 years, with a female preponderance three times higher than that of males. Many studies have demonstrated evolving etiologies of hyperaldosteronism depending on how the disease is defined. Hypertensive patients who are at risk for increased aldosterone levels include very young patients with refractory hypertension and those with a strong family history of an aldosteronoma. According to the Joint National Committee, the prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism is 1.99% in subjects with stage 1 hypertension, 8.02% in stage 2 hypertension, and 13.2% in stage 3 hypertension. In patients with resistant hypertension, the prevalence of primary aldosteronism has been reported to be 17% to 20%, but African-American and black South African subjects have lower renin levels than white subjects.3 Ethnicity, age, and gender differences have not had a profound effect on the prevalence of hyperaldosteronism. ...
Distal duodenal biopsy specimens taken from 30 white, 35 Indian, and 20 Afro-Caribbean residents of West Birmingham during routine endoscopy for dyspepsia, were assessed by dissecting microscopy and morphometry. Finger-shaped villi were significantly less frequent in the Indian and Afro-Caribbean subjects than in the white subjects when assessed by dissecting microscopy (p less than 0.005), and both immigrant groups had decreased mucosal thickness (p less than 0.01), villous height (p less than 0.001), villous:crypt ratios (p less than 0.01) and enterocyte height (p less than 0.05) compared with the white group. In the Indian subjects, villous height and villous:crypt ratios correlated significantly with the time since the last visit to the Indian subcontinent (p less than 0.005). Serum alkaline phosphatase values were significantly higher in the Indian subjects compared with the whites (p less than 0.02), and serum globulins were increased in both the Afro-Caribbean and Indian subjects (p less ...
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumours of the digestive tract. Pathogenesis is linked to activating mutations identified in two proto-oncogenes, v-kit Hardy/Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homologue KIT (KIT) and the platelet-derived growth factor α (PDGFRα). In addition, these mutations affect response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In the present study, we report on the molecular characterisation of GISTs in the South African population. Tumour DNA was extracted from 46 GIST samples, followed by cycle sequencing of KIT exons 11, 13 and 17 and PDGFRα exons 12, 14 and 18. Fragment length analysis was used to detect a 6-bp duplication in KIT exon 9. Wild-type duplications were analysed further by PCR and sequencing of additional KIT and PDGFRα exons was performed. Overall, 78.3% of the samples had a mutation in KIT or PDGFRα. Of these, mutations were detected in KIT exon 11 (88.9%), PDGFRα exon 18 (8.3%) and KIT exon 9 ...
The Health ASERT Programme Wales is a research programme commissioned by the Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Welsh Assembly Government to investigate health promotion issues among Minority Ethnic Groups, Refugees/Asylum seekers, and Gypsy Travellers.The acronym ASERT stands for Asylum Seekers, Ethnic minorities, Refugees and Travellers. Research was undertaken by the Research Centre for Transcultural Studies in Health, Middlesex University and the Centre for Health Services Studies, University of Kent at Canterbury between February 2003 and March 2004.The study aimed to enhance the evidence base on health promotion issues related to minority ethnic groups, refugees/asylum seekers and Gypsy Travellers in Wales in order to inform policy and programme development in the Welsh Assembly Governments Health Promotion Division (now known as Public Health Improvement Division) and elsewhere in the Office of the Chief Medical Officer.The study objectives were to: identify gaps in the existing ...

African Continental Ancestry Group | ISHAR OnlineAfrican Continental Ancestry Group | ISHAR Online

This article begins to fill that gap by exploring the situation of 62 women from different parts of Africa receiving treatment ... This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study conducted among Xhosa-speaking adolescent women in South Africa which ... Showing roughness in a beautiful way: talk about love, coercion, and rape in South African youth sexual culture. ... Stature increase is minimal (though seventeenth century Londoners and modern West Africans are shorter than Colonial to Modern ...
more infohttp://isharonline.org/tags/african-continental-ancestry-group

Whats New for 2004 MeSH. NLM Technical Bulletin. 2003 Nov-DecWhat's New for 2004 MeSH. NLM Technical Bulletin. 2003 Nov-Dec

Continental Population Groups. M1.686.508. African Continental Ancestry Group. M1.686.508.100. African Americans. M1.686. ... Recent genetic research indicates that the degree of genetic heterogeneity within groups and homogeneity across groups make ... Ethnic Groups and Geographic Origins Categories I and M:. The MeSH descriptor Racial Stocks,and its four children (Australoid ... Other revised chemical groups include Xanthones and Flavonoids. Many of the flavones required retreeing to the appropriate area ...
more infohttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/nd03/nd03_mesh.html

Annual MEDLINE/PubMed Year-End Processing (YEP):  Background InformationAnnual MEDLINE/PubMed Year-End Processing (YEP): Background Information

Blacks was a 2003 MeSH Heading that became an entry term to the new 2004 heading African Continental Ancestry Group, but all ... which is treed under the African Continental Ancestry Group. Some additional maintenance was performed as well; citations that ... that were also indexed to countries other than the United States had the new MeSH heading African Continental Ancestry Group ... For 2003 the MeSH heading Actinobacteria Group was deleted and all occurrences of that term in MEDLINE were replaced by the new ...
more infohttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/policy/yep_background.html

Daniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & SocietyDaniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society

Activities of Daily Living • Adaptation, Physiological • Adaptation, Psychological • Adult • African Continental Ancestry Group ... European Continental Ancestry Group • Evolution • Fear • Feeding Behavior • Female • Forearm • Fossils • Gait • Gait Disorders ...
more infohttps://fds.duke.edu/db/aas/BAA/faculty%20all/daniel.schmitt

Daniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & SocietyDaniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society

Activities of Daily Living • Adaptation, Physiological • Adaptation, Psychological • Adult • African Continental Ancestry Group ... European Continental Ancestry Group • Evolution • Fear • Feeding Behavior • Female • Forearm • Fossils • Gait • Gait Disorders ...
more infohttps://fds.duke.edu/db/aas/BAA/faculty%2520all/daniel.schmitt

Pregnancy during adolescence has lasting adverse effects on blood lipids: a 10-year longitudinal study of black and white...Pregnancy during adolescence has lasting adverse effects on blood lipids: a 10-year longitudinal study of black and white...

African Continental Ancestry Group*. Child. Contraception / statistics & numerical data. European Continental Ancestry Group*. ... Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, ... group differences in black -4.3 [-6.7, -2.0]; P , .001 and white: -4.5 [-8.2, -0.7]; P = .016) and greater increments in ... fasting triglycerides (mg/dL; adjusted mean [95% confidence interval] group differences in black: 10.4 [3.9, 16.8]; P , .001, ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Pregnancy-during-adolescence-has-lasting/22385547.html

Rationale and design of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension trial (DASH). A multicenter controlled-feeding study of...Rationale and design of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension trial (DASH). A multicenter controlled-feeding study of...

African Continental Ancestry Group. Blood Pressure*. Dietary Fats / administration & dosage. Dietary Fiber / administration & ... European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Humans. Hypertension / diet therapy*, ethnology, prevention & control*. Male. ... African-American and other minority groups will comprise 67% of the population. Participants will eat one of the three dietary ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Rationale-design-Dietary-Approaches-to/7795829.html

Characteristics of Children Reported to Child Protective Services for Medical Neglect. - NextBio articleCharacteristics of Children Reported to Child Protective Services for Medical Neglect. - NextBio article

African Continental Ancestry Group Child Child Abuse Child Protective Services Child, Preschool Chronic Disease Female Health ... Our objective was to describe a group of children reported to child protective services (CPS) for medical neglect to define ...
more infohttp://www.nextbio.com/b/search/article.nb?id=26931563

Bournemouth University | PublicationsBournemouth University | Publications

African Continental Ancestry Group ; Anthropometry ; Child ; Cohort Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Linear Models ; Male ... Approaches for assessing the role of household socioeconomic status on child anthropometric measures in urban South Africa. ... Data from the 1990 Birth-to-Twenty cohort study set in Johannesburg-Soweto, South Africa, were used (n = 888). Linear ... Approaches for assessing the role of household socioeconomic status on child anthropometric measures in urban South Africa. ...
more infohttp://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/22179/

uterine corpus neoplasm drug therapy 2000:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search engineuterine corpus neoplasm drug therapy 2000:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search engine

African Continental Ancestry Group. Aged. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Hispanic ... Title] Gynecologic oncology group trials in uterine corpus malignancies: recent progress.. *The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG ... Miller DS, King LP: Gynecologic oncology group trials in uterine corpus malignancies: recent progress. J Gynecol Oncol; 2008 ... And for these age groups: Newborn: birth to 1 month. Infant: 1 to 23 months. Preschool child: 2 to 5 years. Child: 6 to 12 ...
more infohttp://www.bmlsearch.com/?kwr=uterine+corpus+neoplasm+drug+therapy+2000:2010%5Bpubdate%5D&cxts=100&stmp=b1

basal cell carcinoma second recurrence 2005:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search enginebasal cell carcinoma second recurrence 2005:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search engine

MeSH-minor] Africa / epidemiology. African Continental Ancestry Group. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell ... And for these age groups: Newborn: birth to 1 month. Infant: 1 to 23 months. Preschool child: 2 to 5 years. Child: 6 to 12 ... Tschen EH, Wong DS, Pariser DM, Dunlap FE, Houlihan A, Ferdon MB, Phase IV ALA-PDT Actinic Keratosis Study Group: Photodynamic ... This study revealed a similar pattern of dermatologic malignancies in South Nigeria compared with other parts of Africa but ...
more infohttp://www.bmlsearch.com/?kwr=basal+cell+carcinoma+second+recurrence+2005:2010%5Bpubdate%5D&cxts=100&stmp=b0

FST profile for nine genes with a significantly higher  | Open-iFST profile for nine genes with a significantly higher | Open-i

African Continental Ancestry Group. *Asian Continental Ancestry Group. *China. *Databases, Genetic. *European Continental ... Conclusion: These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. ... Conclusion: These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. ... of a set of genes in etiologic pathways of CVD among 3 ethnic groups: Yoruba in Nigeria (YRI), Utah residents with European ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC1937006_1471-2156-8-48-6&req=4

Genus-level OTUs with |1.0% of abundance in at least | Open-iGenus-level OTUs with |1.0% of abundance in at least | Open-i

African Continental Ancestry Group. *Aged. *European Continental Ancestry Group. *Female. *Humans. *Male ... Sequences were grouped for genera by operational taxonomic units (OTUs) using Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) Classifier 2.2. ... Sequences were grouped for genera by operational taxonomic units (OTUs) using Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) Classifier 2.2. ... The differences between clinic locations may be influenced by racial distribution, in that all of the African Americans ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC3675156_pone.0065520.g002&req=4

Alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and early coronary calcification: by Mark J. Pletcher, Paul Varosy et al."Alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and early coronary calcification:" by Mark J. Pletcher, Paul Varosy et al.

Adult; African Continental Ancestry Group; Alcohol Drinking; Alcoholic Intoxication; Calcinosis; Chi-Square Distribution; ... European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Logistic Models; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle ...
more infohttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/qhs_pp/59/

The relationship of circulating dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone,  by William L. Lasley, Nanette Santoro et al."The relationship of circulating dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, " by William L. Lasley, Nanette Santoro et al.

The magnitude of this association varied by ethnic group, and the decline in log circulating DHEAS levels with higher log BMI ... These increases tended to be larger for Chinese, Hispanic, and Japanese than for African Americans and Caucasians, although the ... concentrations were highest among Chinese and Japanese and lowest among African Americans and Hispanics, and this pattern ... 3029 women between the ages of 42 and 54 yr from five ethnic groups were studied for 2 yr. Log circulating ...
more infohttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/wfc_pp/25/

Black skin : structure and function - Boston University LibrariesBlack skin : structure and function - Boston University Libraries

African Continental Ancestry Group * Blacks -- Physiology * Hautfarbe * Huid * Human skin color * Melanins ...
more infohttp://link.bu.edu/portal/Black-skin--structure-and-function-William/CXT08IlWMrk/?view=borrow

African American Race and Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation:A Meta-AnalysisAfrican American Race and Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation:A Meta-Analysis

... "african continental ancestry group" [MeSH Terms] OR ("African" [All Fields] AND "continental" [All Fields] AND "ancestry" [All ... "african continental ancestry group" [All Fields] OR "blacks" [All Fields]) OR ("african americans" [MeSH Terms] OR ("african" [ ... The following search terms were used: atrial fibrillation, blacks, African American, African continental ancestry group, race, ... Using ancestry informative markers, Marcus et al. observed that increasing European ancestry, as opposed to African ancestry, ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/crp/2012/275624/

Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro-Caribbean Origin - American College of...Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro-Caribbean Origin - American College of...

Keywords: Athletes, Ethnic Groups, Cardiomyopathies, European Continental Ancestry Group, Ventricular Remodeling, Sports, ... Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro-Caribbean Origin. May 10, 2013 Share via: ... YOU ARE HERE: Home , Latest in Cardiology , Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro- ... the potential for erroneous diagnosis of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy is considerably greater in this ethnic group. ...
more infohttp://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/journal-scans/2013/05/10/14/47/physiological-right-ventricular-adaptation-in-elite-athletes

Multiethnic meta-analysis identifies ancestry-specific and cross-ances by Annah B Wyss, Tamar Sofer et al."Multiethnic meta-analysis identifies ancestry-specific and cross-ances" by Annah B Wyss, Tamar Sofer et al.

African (N = 8429), Asian (N = 9959), and Hispanic/Latino (N = 11,775) ethnicities. We identify over 50 additional loci at ... almost exclusively in studies of European ancestry populations. We extend previous research by meta-analyzing genome-wide ... genome-wide significance in ancestry-specific or multiethnic meta-analyses. Using recent fine-mapping methods incorporating ... African Continental Ancestry Group; Asian Americans; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Forced Expiratory Volume; ...
more infohttps://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/internalmedicine_articles/52/

Cancer Council digital library: Risk factors for oesophageal, lung, oral and laryngeal cancers in black South AfricansCancer Council digital library: Risk factors for oesophageal, lung, oral and laryngeal cancers in black South Africans

South Africa; Tobacco; Women; Africa; African Continental Ancestry Group; Aged; Alcohol Drinking; cancer; cancer registry. ... This is the first time an association between smoking and oral and laryngeal cancers has been shown in sub-Saharan Africa. Long ... Risk factors for oesophageal, lung, oral and laryngeal cancers in black South Africans. ...
more infohttp://researchpubs.cancercouncil.com.au/cancercounciljspui/handle/1/1430

Prostate Cancer Screening Intention among Black Men: A Multivariate An by Crystal Renee Clarke"Prostate Cancer Screening Intention among Black Men: A Multivariate An" by Crystal Renee Clarke

Compared to African American men, Immigrant Black men were more likely to report an intention to screen for prostate cancer ... Keywords: African American men, Immigrant Black men, Prostate Cancer, Families, Family Life Education, Intimacy, Relationships ... The findings of this study make a contribution to the understanding of prostate cancer screening intention among African ... African American and Immigrant Black) men 21 years and older recruited from California and New York. Hierarchical ordinary ...
more infohttps://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/etd/319/

Keele Research Repository - Keele UniversityKeele Research Repository - Keele University

arthritis; rheumatoid; African continental ancestry group; genetic susceptibility; smoking. Subjects:. R Medicine , R Medicine ... A case-control study was undertaken in 197 RA cases and 868 controls of African ancestry (Black African, Black Caribbean or ... Gene-environment RA risk factors identified in European/Asian ancestry populations are relevant in African ancestry individuals ... European/Asian susceptibility loci were associated with RA in African ancestry individuals. The genetic risk score provided an ...
more infohttp://eprints.keele.ac.uk/3510/
  • This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study conducted among Xhosa-speaking adolescent women in South Africa which revealed male violent and coercive practices to dominate their sexual relationships. (isharonline.org)
  • Approaches for assessing the role of household socioeconomic status on child anthropometric measures in urban South Africa. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Data from the 1990 Birth-to-Twenty cohort study set in Johannesburg-Soweto, South Africa, were used (n = 888). (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • This study used secondary data collected through Project CHANGE (Changing Health for Adult Men with New and Great Experiences) based on a convenience sample of 470 English-speaking, Black (African American and Immigrant Black) men 21 years and older recruited from California and New York. (llu.edu)
  • Mean FST values for common putatively functional variants were significantly higher than FST values for nonfunctional variants.Thus, putative functional SNPs in genes in etiologic pathways for CVD show greater population differentiation than non-functional SNPs and a significant variance of FST values was noted among pairwise population comparisons for different biological processes.These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • European/Asian susceptibility loci were associated with RA in African ancestry individuals. (keele.ac.uk)
  • African-American and other minority groups will comprise 67% of the population. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Linear regression models were used to investigate the association between SES (individual and index measures) during infancy and anthropometric measures at age 7/8 years, controlling for sex, age, and population group. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • We investigated patterns of population differentiation (FST) of a set of genes in etiologic pathways of CVD among 3 ethnic groups: Yoruba in Nigeria (YRI), Utah residents with European ancestry (CEU), and Han Chinese (CHB) + Japanese (JPT). (nih.gov)
  • In subgroup analyses, African American race was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of AF in the general population, those hospitalized or greater than 60 years old, postcoronary artery bypass surgery patients, and subjects with heart failure. (hindawi.com)
  • We extend previous research by meta-analyzing genome-wide association studies of 1000 Genomes imputed variants in relation to pulmonary function in a multiethnic population of 90,715 individuals of European (N = 60,552), African (N = 8429), Asian (N = 9959), and Hispanic/Latino (N = 11,775) ethnicities. (henryford.com)
  • The search was limited to published studies in English conducted in the United States, which clearly defined the presence of AF in African American and Caucasian subjects. (hindawi.com)
  • To address this objective, we performed a meta-analysis of available published studies among different patient subgroups which addressed the presence of AF in subjects of African American and Caucasian race. (hindawi.com)
  • Compared to African American men, Immigrant Black men were more likely to report an intention to screen for prostate cancer when they reported experiencing a strong sense of intimacy in close relationships. (llu.edu)
  • The findings of this study make a contribution to the understanding of prostate cancer screening intention among African American and Immigrant Black men. (llu.edu)
  • The magnitude of this association varied by ethnic group, and the decline in log circulating DHEAS levels with higher log BMI was steepest for Chinese and least steep for Hispanics. (umassmed.edu)
  • However, in the context of frequent ECG repolarization anomalies in black athletes, the potential for erroneous diagnosis of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy is considerably greater in this ethnic group. (acc.org)
  • The objectives of this article were to compare the variance explained in anthropometric outcomes when using individual measures of socioeconomic status (SES) versus different approaches to create SES indices within the urban African context, and to examine the influence of SES measured during infancy on child anthropometric outcomes at 7/8 years. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, age at menarche, baseline lipids, physical inactivity, body mass index, and family sociodemographics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It has been observed that African American race is associated with a lower prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to Caucasian race. (hindawi.com)
  • Along these lines, it has been observed that African American race confers a lower risk of developing AF compared to white race despite having a greater risk burden for AF [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Rushton argues that race is a valid biological concept and that racial differences frequently arrange in a continuum across 60 different behavioral and anatomical variables, with "Mongoloids" (East Asians) at one end of the continuum, "Negroids" (Sub-Saharan Africans) at the opposite extreme, and "Caucasoids" (Europeans, Middle Easterners and North Africans) in the middle. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the first time an association between smoking and oral and laryngeal cancers has been shown in sub-Saharan Africa. (cancercouncil.com.au)
  • Logistic regression models were used, including ancestry-informative principal components, to control for admixture. (keele.ac.uk)