Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
Sexual activities of humans.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The use of faith and spirit to cure disease.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Cultural contacts between people of different races.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A nursing specialty created to answer the need for developing a global perspective in the practice of nursing in a world of interdependent nations and people. The focus of this nursing discipline is on the integration of international and transcultural content into the training. Courses include study in the area of cultural differences, nursing in other countries, and international health issues and organizations, as an example.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The status of health in urban populations.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
An insect-borne reovirus infection of horses, mules and donkeys in Africa and the Middle East; characterized by pulmonary edema, cardiac involvement, and edema of the head and neck.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
A person's view of himself.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Hardening of the KIDNEY due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue (FIBROSIS), usually caused by renovascular diseases or chronic HYPERTENSION. Nephrosclerosis leads to renal ISCHEMIA.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A species of ORBIVIRUS that causes disease in horses, mules, and donkeys. Via its principal vector CULICOIDES, it can also infect dogs, elephants, camels, cattle, sheep, goats, and, in special circumstances, humans.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Female parents, human or animal.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The occupation concerned with the cutting and dressing of the hair of customers and, of men, the shaving and trimming of the beard and mustache. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (1/9421)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Harlem. (2/9421)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence, social correlates, and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a predominantly Black, poor, urban community. METHODS: Associations of risk factor prevalences with sociodemographic variables were examined in a population-based sample of 695 men and women aged 18 to 65 years living in Central Harlem. RESULTS: One third of the men and women were hypertensive, 48% of the men and 41% of the women were smokers, 25% of the men and 49% of the women were overweight, and 23% of the men and 35% of the women reported no leisure-time physical activity over the past month. More than 80% of the men and women had at least 1 of these risk factors, and 9% of the men and 19% of the women had 3 or more risk factors. Income and education were inversely related to hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity. Having 3 or more risk factors was associated with low income and low education (extreme odds ratio [OR] = 10.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0, 34.5 for education; OR = 3.7, CI = 1.6, 8.9 for income) and with a history of unstable work or of homelessness. CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged, urban communities are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. These results highlight the importance of socioenvironmental factors in shaping cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Evidence for a black-white crossover in all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality in an older population: the North Carolina EPESE. (3/9421)

OBJECTIVES: This cohort study evaluated racial differences in mortality among Blacks and Whites 65 years and older. METHODS: A total of 4136 men and women (1875 Whites and 2261 Blacks) living in North Carolina were interviewed in 1986 and followed up for mortality until 1994. Hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause and cause-specific mortality were calculated, with adjustment for sociodemographic and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. RESULTS: Black persons had higher mortality rates than Whites at young-old age (65-80 years) but had significantly lower mortality rates after age 80. Black persons age 80 or older had a significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR of Blacks vs Whites, 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62, 0.90) and of CHD mortality (HR 0.44: 95% CI = 0.30, 0.66). These differences were not observed for other causes of death. CONCLUSIONS: Racial differences in mortality are modified by age. This mortality crossover could be attributed to selective survival of the healthiest oldest Blacks or to other biomedical factors affecting longevity after age 80. Because the crossover was observed for CHD deaths only, age overreporting by Black older persons seems an unlikely explanation of the mortality differences.  (+info)

A critical approach to stress-related disorders in African Americans. (4/9421)

This article outlines an integrative, dynamic approach to stress and is, in part, a response to emergent debates within social science research and practice that suggest that African Americans are currently experiencing the reverberating psychological effects of slavery and oppression. It is the product of the work of an African-American mental health think tank situated at the Community Mental Health Council, Chicago, Illinois. We suggest the need to attend to biopsychosocial, environmental, and cultural factors that inform both exposure and responses to stress. Finally, consideration is given to matters of resiliency.  (+info)

Influence of maternal ethnicity on infant mortality in Chicago, 1989-1996. (5/9421)

This study compared infant mortality rates between large ethnic groups in Chicago from 1989-1996. Infant mortality information about ethnic groups was compared using data from annual reports published by the Epidemiology Program, Department of Public Health, City of Chicago and vital statistics documents in Illinois, which include information on ethnicity. Chi-squared analysis was used to evaluate the differences between the proportions. A P value of < .05 was considered significant. During the study period, there were 461,974 births and 6407 infant deaths in Chicago. African Americans contributed 212,924 (46.1%) births and 4387 (68.5%) deaths; Hispanics 132,787 (28.7%) births and 1166 (18.2%) deaths; and whites 99,532 (21.6%) births and 780 (12.2%) infant deaths. Compared with the other groups. African Americans suffered a twofold increased mortality (P < .00001) for five of the six most common causes of infant mortality. Deaths from congenital malformations, although significant, were not excessively increased among African Americans (P = .014). Hispanics demonstrated a higher mortality rate than whites (P = .01), especially for postnatal mortality and respiratory distress syndrome. These data confirm excessive infant mortality among African Americans. Further studies are needed to evaluate the apparent low mortality among some Hispanics compared with the other groups studied.  (+info)

HIV risk differences between African-American and white men who have sex with men. (6/9421)

African-American men who have sex with men remain at disproportionately greater risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. While high HIV seroincidence has been documented among homosexual African-American men, behavioral research has rarely studied the HIV risk issues confronting these men. This study assessed a sample of 253 men who have sex with men to determine if African-American (n = 79) and white (n = 174) men report different rates of HIV risk behaviors and differ in characteristics indicative of risk. African-American men who have sex with men were more likely to be HIV-seropositive, to report past treatment for gonorrhea and syphilis, and to have a recent unprotected sex partner known or believed to be HIV-seropositive. Multivariate analyses of covariance, controlling for group differences in age, education, and income, revealed that African-American men who have sex with men were less open about their sexual orientation, scored lower in HIV risk behavior knowledge, had more female sexual partners, and more frequently used cocaine in association with sex relative to white men who have sex with men. Human immunodeficiency virus prevention programs tailored to the needs and risk issues of African-American men who have sex with men are needed.  (+info)

Pterygium and its relationship to the dry eye in the Bantu. (7/9421)

A comparative study was performed on two groups of Bantus in Johannesburg to see if there was any relationship between the "dry eye" and pterygia, but no correlation was found.  (+info)

Plasma cortisol suppression response in the South African black population with glaucoma. (8/9421)

Plasma cortisol suppression was measured in 25 Black glaucomatous patients and in 19 Black patients of similar age and sex, but without glaucoma, who acted as controls. Initial serum cortisol levels were found to be slightly higher in the glaucomatous group. The response to systemically-administered cortisone was statistically more marked in the glaucomatous patients compared with the control group.  (+info)

New US study says money spent on prison system and war on drugs should go towards education. Mental health experts from Meharry Medical College School of Medicine have released the first comprehensive report on the correlation between the incarceration of African American males and substance abuse and other health problems in the United States. Published in Frontiers in Psychology on the 12th of November, the report looks at decades of data concerning the African American population rates of incarceration and subsequent health issues. The authors conclude that the moral and economic costs of current racial disparities in the judicial system are fundamentally avoidable, especially if more resources are spent on education and treatment.. Instead of getting health care and education from civil society, African American males are being funneled into the prison system. Much of this costly practice could be avoided in the long-term by transferring funds away from prisons and into education, says Dr. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and Correlates of Recent Vaginal Douching among African American Adolescent Females. AU - DiClemente, R. J.. AU - Young, A. M.. AU - Painter, J. L.. AU - Wingood, G. M.. AU - Rose, E.. AU - Sales, J. M.. PY - 2012/2/1. Y1 - 2012/2/1. N2 - Study Objective: To describe the prevalence and correlates of vaginal douching among urban African American adolescents and to examine the association between douching and sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. Design: Demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral data were collected through cross-sectional, self-administered surveys. Self-collected vaginal swabs were assayed using nucleic acid amplification tests for trichomoniasis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Setting: Sexual health clinic in a large metropolitan area of the southeastern United States. Participants: African American females (N = 701), ages 14-20, participating in a human immunodeficiency virus prevention intervention. Main Outcome Measure: The outcome of interest was ...
Objectives. Previous attempts at obtaining population estimates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 HIV-1 seroprevalence have been beset by problems of cooperation bias. As part of the fourth round of study with an urban African-American community cohort, the following investigation was aimed at assessing HIV-1 prevalence and the relative...
This mixed method study examines the effects of community college institutional factors on the academic achievement of African American males and their perceptions of their college experience. We found that African American men in comparison to other ethnic and gender sub-groups (for both the California community college system and at Inland Community College) are disproportionately underachieving in all segments of the academic outcomesmeasured. African American men throughout Californias community college system(including Inland Community College) are the lowest performing subgroup when one considers: percentage of degrees earned, persistence rates, and average cumulative grade pointaverage ...
Race Women Stepping Forward. Collison, Michele N-K // Black Issues in Higher Education;05/27/99, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p24 Discusses the role scholarship by black women can and must play in African American studies and beyond. Attempt by Black women scholars to rebuild the canon of African American studies to include a feminist perspective; Criticism of most African American studies departments; Factors that make... ...
This study is designed to assess the effect of exercise training on insulin resistance in African American males. African American males have higher rates of diabetes and lower levels of fitness when compared to Caucasian males. A project such as this is necessary because there is evidence to show that exercise training can reduce the risk of developing diabetes, though no studies have been conducted in African American males. In addition, ARTIIS will test the effect adhering to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity and 2 days of 20 minutes of muscular strength activity), on insulin resistance in African American men. This study will provide important information that can either strengthen or refine current physical activity recommendations. Furthermore, this intervention will be delivered through community facilities in order to increase the likelihood that the intervention will be sustainable ...
Achievement gaps between African American students and White students in onsite courses also exist in online courses (Rovai & Gallien, 2005; Rovai & Ponton, 2005; Xu & Jaggars, 2014), and gaps are often greater in online courses (Xu & Jaggars, 2014). Arroyo (2010) pointed to this issue by stating that, Contrary to those who tout online education as the great leveler in higher education with the promise of granting access to one and all, what we actually have is the recipe for a widened achievement gap (p. 38). Possible reasons why gaps between African American online students and White online students exist include differences in socio-economic status (Palmer et al., 2013), gaps in academic performance (Osborne, 2001), disparities in technology access (Fairlie, 2012a), lack of online technical support (Rovai & Gallien, 2005), and anxiety related to negative racial stereotyping (Osborne, 2001). Factors contributing to onsite academic success for African American males. Factors that helped ...
African American Studies: The Discipline and Its Dimensions is a comprehensive resource book that recounts the development of the discipline of African American Studies and provides a basic reference source for sixteen areas of knowledge of the discipline: anthropology, art, dance, economics, education, film, history, literature, music, philosophy, psychology, religion, sociology, political science, science and technology, sports and religion. African American Studies defines bodies of knowledge, methodologies, philosophies, disciplinary concepts, contents, scope, topics scholars have concerned themselves, as well as the growth, development, and present status of the discipline. African American Studies validates that African American Studies is a unique and significant discipline-one that intersects almost every academic discipline and cultural construct-and confirms that the discipline has a noteworthy history and a challenging future. The various bodies of knowledge, the philosophical ...
African American Studies: The Discipline and Its Dimensions is a comprehensive resource book that recounts the development of the discipline of African American Studies and provides a basic reference source for sixteen areas of knowledge of the discipline: anthropology, art, dance, economics, education, film, history, literature, music, philosophy, psychology, religion, sociology, political science, science and technology, sports and religion. African American Studies defines bodies of knowledge, methodologies, philosophies, disciplinary concepts, contents, scope, topics scholars have concerned themselves, as well as the growth, development, and present status of the discipline. African American Studies validates that African American Studies is a unique and significant discipline-one that intersects almost every academic discipline and cultural construct-and confirms that the discipline has a noteworthy history and a challenging future. The various bodies of knowledge, the philosophical ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolic Syndrome, Proteinuria, and the Risk of Progressive CKD in Hypertensive African Americans. AU - Lea, Janice. AU - Cheek, Deanna. AU - Thornley-Brown, Denise. AU - Appel, Lawrence. AU - Agodoa, Lawrence. AU - Contreras, Gabriel. AU - Gassman, Jennifer. AU - Lash, Jim. AU - Miller, Edgar R.. AU - Randall, Otelio. AU - Wang, Xuelei. AU - McClellan, William. PY - 2008/5/1. Y1 - 2008/5/1. N2 - Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is more likely to progress to kidney failure (end-stage renal disease) in African Americans, although the reasons for this are unclear. Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease and recently was linked to incident CKD. The purpose of this study is to examine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with kidney disease progression in hypertensive African Americans. Design & Participants: The current study design is a secondary analysis of the African-American Study of Hypertension and Kidney ...
A group-randomized controlled design to test the efficacy of the Project ÒRÉ intervention, a community-based adolescent social network HIV/STI intervention tailored to African American culture. Four community based organization sites (CBOs) will be randomly assigned to an experimental or attention control condition. In both conditions, sexually experienced African American adolescent females will recruit members of their friendship group for the five-hour program. In the experimental condition, the intervention group will receive the half-day Project ÒRÉ intervention. The attention control group will receive a standard health promotion control program which has been used previously with similar populations. All participants will complete pre-, post- and 3-month follow-up self-administered questionnaires. In the experimental condition, a subset of groups will participate in a process evaluation focus group immediately following the program ...
Hypertensive African Americans often respond poorly to beta-blocker monotherapy, compared with whites. There is evidence, however, that suggests that this response may be different if beta-blockers with vasodilating effects are used. This 12-week, multi-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study assessed the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol, a cardioselective, vasodilating beta1-blocker, at doses of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg once daily in 300 African American patients with stage I or II hypertension (mean sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] | or =95 mm Hg and | or =109 mm Hg). The primary efficacy end point was the baseline-adjusted change in trough mean SiDBP. After 12 weeks, nebivolol significantly reduced least squares mean SiDBP (P| or =.004) at all doses of 5 mg and higher and sitting systolic blood pressure (P| or =.044) at all doses 10 mg and higher, compared with placebo. The drug was safe and well-tolerated, with no significant difference in the incidence of
div class=citation vocab=,,i class=fa fa-external-link-square fa-fw,,/i, Data from ,span resource= typeof=Book,,span property=name,,a href=,AIDS and HIV infection in the African-American community : hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, September 16, 1994,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof=LibrarySystem resource=,,span property=name,,a property=url href=,Boston University ...
Grammy-nominated artist Mathieu Bittons work tells stories that range from the life of a rockstar, to depictions of everyday life in African-American communities. The images in his photo exhibition Darker Than Blue, on view at the Leica Gallery in…
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasian Americans and this discrepancy cannot be explained by measures of body weight or body composition. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity of African Americans and Caucasian Americans to glucocorticoids by measuring glucose and insulin responses to a meal challenge under conditions of placebo and glucocorticoid. A total of 160 healthy or overweight/obese African American and Caucasian American participants completed exercise testing and a liquid meal challenge during separate laboratory visits. Participants were evaluated following treatments with placebo and dexamethasone (4 mg). Main outcome measures were correlation between body composition measures (body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference) and insulin responses; insulin and glucose responses after a liquid meal challenge; and calculated HOMA. After dexamethasone treatment African Americans were significantly more hyperinsulinemic after a meal as indicated by
Sen. Gary Peters (D., Mich.) has done little community outreach to Detroits African-American community and previously hired few black staffers during his tenure, weakening his appeal to a crucial demographic in his Senate race against a black challenger, according to African-American community leaders.. Peters has rarely shown up in black communities during the last six years and historically hired few black staffers, according to Detroit community leaders. They say that the senators absence in the states African-American community has eroded his standing with a demographic that typically leans heavily Democratic. The lack of African-American enthusiasm particularly stings for Peters because he is running against John James, a 39-year-old black Republican born in Detroit.. Pastor M.J. Reid, a conservative clergyman who works in a Detroit suburb, said that many Detroit residents struggle to even recognize Peters.. Guys like Peters are considered to be just basically career politicians who are ...
Ringwalt, C., Graham, P., Sanders-Phillips, K., Browne, D., & Paschall, M. (1999). Ethnic identity as a protective factor in the health behaviors of african-american male adolescents. In S. B. Kar (Ed.), Ethnic Identity as a Protective Factor in the Health Behaviors of African-American Male Adolescents Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., Inc ...
In partnership with the Grand Rapids Urban League and Grand Rapids Public School, GRCC provides institutional support to ensure the success of the African American Male Achievement Conference. Annually, the project convenes high school students from schools throughout Kent County. The conference aims to engage students in workshops and activities that affirm their identity and prepare them for the college experience and career opportunities.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genome-wide and gene-based association studies of anxiety disorders in european and african american samples. AU - Otowa, Takeshi. AU - Maher, Brion S.. AU - Aggen, Steven H.. AU - McClay, Joseph L.. AU - Van Den Oord, Edwin J.. AU - Hettema, John M.. PY - 2014/11/12. Y1 - 2014/11/12. N2 - Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common mental disorders caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Since ADs are highly comorbid with each other, partially due to shared genetic basis, studying AD phenotypes in a coordinated manner may be a powerful strategy for identifying potential genetic loci for ADs. To detect these loci, we performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of ADs. In addition, as a complementary approach to single-locus analysis, we also conducted gene- and pathway-based analyses. GWAS data were derived from the control sample of the Molecular Genetics of Schizophrenia (MGS) project (2,540 European American and 849 African American subjects) genotyped on the ...
This announcement has been sent on behalf of our network supporters, the Harm Reduction Coalition:. African Americans and Hepatitis C. Thursday, July 25, 3:00 - 4:30 p.m. EDT. Register now!. Hepatitis C is the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States and a leading cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. It is also a neglected health condition, with: African Americans and Blacks have a higher prevalence of chronic Hepatitis C infection compared with non-Hispanic white Americans and are twice as likely to have ever been infected with Hepatitis C.. This webinar will provide information on the impact of Hepatitis C on African Americans and strategies to address the viral hepatitis C epidemic in the African-American community.. Click to register now!. The following will be discussed:. ...
Writing for the Oxford Research Encyclopedias. We work hard to support the researchers who publish articles with the Oxford African American Studies Center (AASC). This page provides information for those considering whether to contribute to AASC, as well as valuable services for authors who have already published with us.. Why Publish with the Oxford African American Studies Center?. The AASC combines the authority of carefully edited reference works with sophisticated technology to create the most comprehensive collection of scholarship available online to focus on the lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture. Along with encyclopedia-style articles, biographies, and primary source documents, AASC also contains a number of tools to help our users explore African American studies. Here are some of the benefits of publishing on the AASC:. Author Resources:. Contact the Editors. Core Content. FAQ. ...
Blacks/African Americans have been affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since early in the epidemic (1). Despite representing a smaller proportion (13.6%) of the U.S. population, blacks/African Americans accounted for half of the HIV diagnoses in adolescents and adults in 37 states during 2005--2008 (2). Data from the National HIV Surveillance System were used to estimate numbers, percentages, and rates of HIV diagnoses in blacks/African Americans during 2005--2008. Those data were reported to CDC through June 2009 from 37 states with mature (in operation since at least January 2005) HIV surveillance systems. This report describes the results of those analyses, which indicated that during 2005--2008, blacks/African Americans were diagnosed with HIV infection more frequently than any other racial/ethnic population. During 2008, black/African American males and females were diagnosed with HIV infection at eight and 19 times the rates for white males and ...
Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 by Paul Finkelman (Editor) It is impossible to understand America without understanding the history of African Americans. In nearly seven hundred entries, the Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 documents the full range of the African American experience during that period-from the arrival of the firstslave ship to the death of Frederick Douglass-and shows how all aspects of American culture, history, and national identity have been profoundly influenced by the experience of African Americans. The Encyclopedia covers an extraordinary range of subjects. Major topics such as Abolitionism, Black Nationalism, the Civil War, the Dred Scott case, Reconstruction, Slave Rebellions and Insurrections, the Underground Railroad, and Voting Rights are given the in-depth treatment onewould expect. But the encyclopedia also contains hundreds of fascinating entries on less obvious subjects, such as the African Grove Theatre, ...
Adolescent bullying is a concern for adolescents, parents, teachers, school officials, and the general public. The purpose of the study is to apply Bronfenbrenners ecological systems perspective and explore factors that are correlated with bullying perpetration and victimization among 638 urban African American adolescents in Chicagos Southside. Bullying victimization and perpetration are found to be influenced by microsystem-level factors, such as exposure to delinquent peers, teacher support, and neighborhood disorganization. An intervention strategy that involves teachers is particularly important. Anti-bullying intervention and prevention programs in urban schools need to account for the unique situations of urban African American adolescents ...
HV is a crisis in African American communities, threatening the health and well-being of African American men and women across the United States. While African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV and AIDS of any racial/ ethnic group in the nation, prevention efforts have helped to maintain stability in the annual number of new HIV infections among African Americans for more than a decade. Additionally, recent CDC data found indications of an encouraging decline in new infections among African American women. Still, African American heterosexual women continue to be far more affected by HIV than women of any other race or ethnicity, and young black gay and bisexual men now account for more new infections than any other group in the United States ...
Truth comes to one distilled, shaped in the sayings of the ancestors. Copy your fathers, your ancestors. See their words endure in books. Open, read them, and copy them in order to know. One who is taught becomes skilled.. The African American Studies program in the College of Arts and Sciences offers a Bachelor of Arts degree and a minor in African American Studies. This degree provides students with a comprehensive undergraduate degree program designed to foster the systematic understanding and examination of the experiences of people of African descent. The program offers students the opportunity to engage in intellectual work that will give them a strong foundation in the core ideas, concepts, and theories of the discipline of African American Studies.. ...
B81 African American women are more prone to develop breast cancer at a younger age and present with a more aggressive, hormone-independent form of the disease than those belonging to other ethnic groups. Doxorubicin is commonly used in chemotherapeutic regimens to treat breast cancer irrespective of hormone receptor or p53 status. While patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and progesterone receptor (PR)-negative breast cancer can derive benefit from using this agent, the onset of adverse effects can significantly diminish their quality of life. Some patients use herbal supplements containing flavonoids, while being treated with Doxorubicin, believing these products will potentiate its effectiveness. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the flavonoid Apigenin could suppress the growth of breast cancer cell lines derived from African American breast cancer patients with varying hormone receptor and p53 status and augment the anticancer effects of Doxorubicin in these cells. ...
In the current study, a CNV map was generated using DNA from a population of 385 African Americans using 50 randomly chosen female African Americans as a reference. A total of 1362 CNV events were identified in the population. In addition, CNVs were identified in a population of 435 White individuals using the same 50 African American females as a reference. The same reference population was used so that the CNV distributions of the two populations would be directly comparable. Two regions of the genome exhibited large CNV frequency differences between the two populations, one on chromosome 15 and another on chromosome 17. No genes in these regions had obvious roles in ethnic differences.. A total of 140 of the African American DNAs were derived from cell lines. The process of creating the cell lines generated a duplication on chromosome 14 in 74% of the cell line-derived DNAs. Although this region is listed as copy number variant in the Database of Genomic Variants, none of the DNAs derived ...
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine academic disidentification along with demographic and psychological factors related to the academic achievement of African American adolescents. Participants included 96 African American students (41 males, 55 females) in an urban high school setting located in the Southwest. Consistent with previous research, academic disidentification was determined by looking for an attenuation of the correlation between academic self-concept and grade point average (GPA) of male and female students. The relationship between academic self-concept and grade point average significantly decreased for African American males, while it significantly increased for African American females. Demographic factors included age and sex, while psychological factors included academic self-concept, devaluing academic success, and racial identity. Results of a hierarchical regression indicated that sex and academic self-concept were significant positive predictors of GPA, ...
The main idea really is that African Americans have a lot of strengths that were kind of ignoring and overlooking. Were kind of focusing on a lot of the negative.. University of Houston Downtown Associate Professor Stacie DeFreitas teaches psychology. She said the field is often focused on problems - but that can all start to feel overly negative. She said that is especially true when the focus is on African Americans.. So I felt like it was really important in this book to look at some of the historical reasons why African Americans are struggling in some areas and look at some of the structural reasons - looking at things like racism, biases, other types of discrimination that are impacting African Americans, DeFreitas said. But also focusing on those strengths that African Americans have within the community to be resilient and rise above a lot of those barriers that theyre experiencing. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of filtered sodium load with medullary volumes and medullary hypoxia in hypertensive African Americans as compared with whites. AU - Textor, Stephen C.. AU - Gloviczki, Monika L.. AU - Flessner, Michael F.. AU - Calhoun, David A.. AU - Glockner, James. AU - Grande, Joseph P.. AU - McKusick, Michael A.. AU - Cha, Stephen S.. AU - Lerman, Lilach O.. N1 - Funding Information: Support: The project described was supported by award PO1HL85307 from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Center for Research Resources CTSA grant UL1 RR024150 . The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NHLBI or the NIH. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Background: African Americans develop hypertension earlier with more target manifestations than whites despite having a higher glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for any level of serum creatinine. Study Design & ...
SAGE - May 30, 2013. Many African American youth may develop high levels of allostatic load, a measure of physiological wear and tear on the body, by developing psychosocial competence under conditions of high risk related to socioeconomic status (SES). The current study was designed to test this hypothesis, which is based on John Henryism theory. In a representative sample of 489 African American youth living in the rural South, cumulative SES-related risks and teacher-reported competence were assessed at ages 11 to 13; depressive symptoms, externalizing behavior, and allostatic load were assessed at age 19. The data revealed that rural African American preadolescents who evinced high psychosocial competence under conditions of high cumulative SES-related risk displayed low levels of adjustment problems along with high allostatic load at age 19. Read more. ...
Comments With Dr. James Haney Presents*Psychiological Impact of Slavery on African Americans, with Ms. KShakill, Researcher, who talks about some of the psyc...
The disproportionate toll that COVID-19 is taking on African Americans calls us to reflect on the history leading to this moment.
A number of technology companies have released their Equal Employment Opportunity reports (EEO-1 reports) for 2014 and what they show is that there remains a diversity issue. Twitter, Microsoft and Google employ zero African-American women in executive and management level positions. Facebook, Intel and Amazon employ one African-American female each in such positions. Executive and management level positions are held by white men 65% of the time, white females 14% of the time, Asian males 13% of the time, Asian females 3% of the time, Hispanic males 2% of the time, Hispanic females and African-American males 1% of the time, and African-American females less than 1% of the time. The statistics for all employees arent much better for many companies. Twitter, for example, employs 0% African-American females and 1% African-American males and Hispanic males and females. It employs 25% Asian males and 8% Asian females. The Tech industry is aware of the issue and there are efforts being made to ...
Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S., and disproportionally affects African Americans. Given the evidence for genetic susceptibility to CHD in African Americans and lagging discovery efforts in this population, we propose to search for gene variants that contribute to incident CHD risk in African Americans.. Methods: We examined the evidence for association of genome wide genetic markers with incident CHD using the high density custom array MetaboChip using data from two U.S. cohort studies comprising 7,967 African American individuals (Womens Health Initiative and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). Genome-wide ancestry estimates (principal components) were determined using Eigensoft. We used Cox proportional hazard models, adjusted for age and population stratification. Study- and sex-stratified results were combined using fixed effect meta-analysis. A Bonferroni corrected P, 2.8 x 10-7 was considered a significant array ...
Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. -Sterling, S.R., B. Bertrand, S. Judd, T.L. Carson, P. Chandler-Laney, M.L. Baskin, 2017. Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. Prev Chronic Dis 2017;14:160595. DOI:
According to U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher, African Americans are twice as likely to suffer a stroke than whites, making them more susceptible to stroke than any other ethnic group. Satcher spoke out on this health disparity during a stroke-screening event in Rockville, Md., called Stroke Sunday.. Strokes have a disproportionate impact among African Americans, but there is something we can do as a community to combat this disease, states Satcher, who is African American. We can reduce our risk of stroke by lowering blood pressure, quitting smoking and keeping heart disease and diabetes in check.. Satcher stressed the importance of African Americans learning the five warning signs of stroke. These signs, as outlined by the American Stroke Association (ASA), are:. 1. Numbness or weakness of the arm, face or one side of the body ...
As stated previously, acculturation has been investigated in conjunction with a number of physical, social and psychological variables. In a study of weight concern and body image among southern African American Females, Smith and Omari (2005) hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between cultural values (levels of acculturation) and Body Mass Index (BMI) in their sample. The premise of their study was that African American women with more traditional values would have higher BMI scores, primarily because it has been reported in the literature that African American women are comfortable with larger body size (Striegel-Moore et al., 1998). The hypothesis was not supported. They found that contrary to their expectations, acculturation was not significantly associated with BMI in African American females. This failure to detect an association between BMI and acculturation led to a question about the latent factor structure of the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS-R) in ...
New York Life has more than 1,200 agents serving the African American community. Our agents are dedicated men and women who have pledged to help empower the African American communities they serve by touching the lives of thousands of families, and illustrating for them how purchasing life insurance today will empower future generations. Their mission is not just to sell life insurance; its to educate members of the black community about the importance of creating an estate and building a legacy for their children and grandchildren.. With the contribution of our African American Market Agents in their communities, we surpassed our 2017 goal of creating $50 billion of Life Insurance and Future Income protection. Through our focus on growing our network of agents in the community, continuing to provide financial education, and insuring more lives, changing the financial future for African American families is well within our reach.. Exposing individuals and families to financial tools and ...
Renal function measurements were obtained in 1,703 African Americans with presumed hypertensive nephrosclerosis who were screened for entry into the African-American Study of Hypertension and Kidney Disease (AASK). We examined the effect of race on relationships involving renal variables by comparing African Americans enrolled into the AASK with non-African Americans enrolled into the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study. We examined the effect of gender on renal variables by comparing African American men and women. We compared various methods for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with iodine 125-labeled ((125)I)-iothalamate GFR. AASK data were also used to derive a new formula for estimating GFR in African Americans. After adjusting for age, sex, and baseline GFR, African American patients on the AASK study were heavier and had larger body surface areas and body mass indices than either MDRD African Americans or non-African Americans. African Americans had greater serum ...
The Central Texas African American Family Support Conference provides information and educational opportunities about mental health, intellectual and developmental disabilities, substance use disorder, co-occurring disorders and physical health issues. The conference supports the African American community and embraces all members of the community regardless of race. The mission of the conference is to strengthen family and individual awareness of available behavioral and physical health care services through culturally sensitive education, support and partnerships. The conference strives to reduce stigma and eliminate health disparities.
On The OReilly Factor, host Eric Bolling and guest Horace Cooper didnt just deny that the killing of Walter Scott is part of a pattern of police shootings of black men, they actually argued that African Americans are favored when they have encounters with the police. Substitute host Bolling sneered at the beginning of the segment that the far left is using Scotts death as evidence that police killings of black men are a systemic problem in America. Bolling falsely claimed, Police killings of African Americans are down 70% over the last 50 years, so why perpetrate these claims?. But as Bolling should know, there are no hard statistics on the number of police killings in the past 50 years. However, we do know that blacks make up a disproportionate number of those whom we know are killed by the police. So why did Bolling perpetrate such a claim?. Blacks are incarcerated at a rate of six to seven times that of whites in America. And unarmed blacks are being killed about the same rate as ...
Elizabeth Montague is proving to young women everywhere that they can be the first in their fields. The 25-year-old cartoonist, just became the first African-American woman to have her illustrations featured in the legendary New Yorker magazine. Check out more of her story on this episode of In The Know Next Gen.
Numerous African Americans have resided in Ohio. Today, African American Ohioans continue to enhance Ohios cultural and social landscape. Prior to becoming a state, very few African Americans resided in Ohio. In 1800, only 337 African Americans lived in the area. Most of these people were free, but undoubtedly, a small number of them were slaves. African Americans hovered near two percent of Ohios total population throughout the first half of the nineteenth century. By 1810, 1,890 blacks called Ohio home, increasing to 4,723 a decade later. By 1860, 36,700 African Americans resided in the state. Over the years they have made significant contributions to the state, such as their service in the factories during the First World War. Ohios first constitution, the Ohio Constitution of 1803, outlawed slavery. This was a requirement of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. Despite this legal protection, some African American Ohioans were actually slaves. Slave owners lived especially in southern Ohio. If ...
Every patient featured on our website is an actual patient of Dr. Arocha. We are very appreciative of our great patients, who have volunteered to allow the use of their before and after photo results to benefit you, the viewing public.. Copyright © 2020 Arocha Hair Restoration & Hair Transplant Center , Privacy Policy ...
African American womens interest in golf began in the early part of the twentieth century. Most of the women had been taught to play by their husbands or fathers. Although there were few opportunities to play professional golf, Marie Thompson, of Chicago, Illinois, became the first African American woman to win a major tournament. On Labor Day weekend in 1926, Thompson won the first Negro National Open, the premier golfing event for African Americans, at the Mapledale Country Club in Stow, Massachusetts. The United States Colored Golf Association (USCGA) sponsored the competition, which offered a place for talented African Americans to compete at a time when they were not allowed to do so in white tournaments. In 1929 the USCGA changed its name to the United Golf Association UGA Although African American women were originally allowed to participate in the National Open championship a separate women s ... ...
Health, ...DETROIT African Americans are seven times more likely than Caucasians...This finding however is much lower than that previously reported in ...Unlike regular scars keloids do not subside over time and often exten... Many African American patients are afraid to have head and neck surge...,African-Americans,7,times,more,likely,to,have,keloid,scarring,of,the,head,,neck,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Invited by the center, NHHC Historian Regina Akers, Ph.D., Joseph Reidy, Ph.D., a Professor of History and Associate Provost at Howard University, and retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Dereck Vines were the special guest speakers discussing African American Heritage. Specifically, African Americans in the Civil War Union Navy.. Its a topic all three know well. Akers and Reidy worked together previously on an ABC Nightline broadcast on the subject that first appeared on July 3, 2001, and both have continued their studies since.. It is an honor to serve on such a distinguished panel with Dr. Reidy and the other subject matter experts and to do so at the esteemed Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., said Akers. I always enjoy the privilege of sharing the history of the United States Navy. I am especially delighted to highlight African Americans rich legacy of naval service and sacrifice since the American Revolution. Blacks were often the first to volunteer even when war was waged for rights they were ...
Brown University. Africana Studies (PHD). City University of New York, The Graduate Center. Africana Studies (Certificate w/ Graduate degree). Clark Atlanta University. African and African American Studies (MA). Columbia University. African-American Studies (MA). Cornell University. Africana Studies (PHD). Duke University. African and African American Studies (Certificate w/ Graduate degree). Eastern Michigan University. African American Studies (Certificate w/ graduate degree). Florida International University. African and African Diaspora Studies (MA, Dual degree). Georgia State University. African-American Studies (MA). Harvard University. Department of African and African American Studies (PHD). Michigan State University. African American and African Studies (M.A and PHD). Morgan State University African American Studies (MA). New York University Africana Studies (MA). Northwestern University. African American Studies (Certificate w/ graduate degree and PHD). Ohio State University. African ...
African American women, who make up 13 percent of the female population in the United States, are making significant strides in education, participation, health, and other areas, but there is a long way to go to fully close the racial and ethnic disparities they face. New policies such as the Affordable Care Act, or ACA, and other proposed policies such as paid sick leave can greatly improve the lives of African American women and their families. For example, under the ACA, around 5.1 million African American women with private health insurance are currently receiving expanded preventive service coverage and an estimated 3 million African American women will gain access to affordable or subsidized health insurance.. This fact sheet provides a snapshot of statistics about health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership that should guide our choices to enact sensible policies to unleash the potential of this growing demographic and benefit our economy.. ...
ESCADAA (the Epidemiological Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Urban African Americans) will examine the prevalence of nine modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the African American population: abnormal lipids, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, abdominal obesity, psychosocial factors, consumption of fruits, vegetables and alcohol and lack of regular physical activity.. Investigators will then look for correlations between those risk factors, social factors and coronary artery calcification (CAC), one measure of atherosclerotic heart disease.. African Americans in Allegheny County have higher death rates from heart disease than those in the rest of the state and other ethnic groups, said Indu Poornima, MD, director of the Womens Heart Center at Allegheny General Hospital.. We want to define the true prevalence of risk factors in our local population and see how those risk factors are influenced by socioeconomic factors such as income, education and health insurance ...
Clean Air Task Force (CATF) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) have co-authored a landmark report that demonstrates, for the first time, the specific health risks from airborne pollutants caused by oil and natural gas development impacting African American communities.
The importance of Social Security to communities of color is emphasized by the current poverty rates. As the numbers show, Social Security substantially reduces minority poverty. With Social Security, the poverty rate for older African Americans is 18 percent. But if they did not receive Social Security, 51 percent of African American seniors would live in poverty.. PROGRAM ASPECTS IMPORTANT TO AFRICAN AMERICANS. Although Social Securitys benefit and contribution provisions are neutral with respect to race, ethnicity, and gender, several features of the program are especially important to African Americans. The progressive benefit formula intentionally helps low income earners, many of whom are African American. In the aggregate, African Americans have higher disability rates and lower lifetime earnings, and thus receive greater benefits relative to taxes paid. Furthermore, lower than average life expectancy results in a proportionately higher share of survivor benefits. PROGRESSIVE BENEFIT ...
Genetic heterogeneity, lifestyle factors, gene-gene or gene-environment interactions are the determinants of T2D which puts Hispanics and populations with African ancestry at higher risk of developing T2D. In this dissertation, the genetic associations of PPARGC1A polymorphisms with T2D and its related phenotypes (metabolic markers) in Haitian Americans (cases=110, controls=116), African Americans (cases=120, controls=124) and Cuban Americans (cases=160, controls=181) of South Florida were explored. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms of gene PPARGC1A were evaluated in each ethnicity for their disease association. In Haitian Americans, rs7656250 (OR= 0.22, pp=0.03) had significant protective association with T2D but had risk association in African Americans for rs7656250 (OR=1.02, p=0.96) and rs4235308 (OR=2.53, p=0.03). We found that in Haitian American females, both rs7656250 (OR=0.23, pp=0.03) had protective association with T2D. In African American females, rs7656250 (OR=1.14, p=0.78) had risk
A 66-year-old African-American male presented with a four-month history of asymptomatic hematuria. Interventional Radiology was consulted for embolization of...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The influence of role status on risky sexual behavior among African Americans during the transition to adulthood. AU - Kogan, Steven M.. AU - Brody, Gene H.. AU - Gibbons, Frederick X.. AU - Murry, Velma Mc Bride. AU - Cutrona, Carolyn E.. AU - Simons, Ronald L.. AU - Wingood, Gina. AU - Diclemente, Ralph. PY - 2008/8. Y1 - 2008/8. N2 - Little research has examined the links between role status changes during the transition to adulthood and sexual behaviors that place African Americans at risk for sexually transmitted infections. Moreover, the mediating processes that explain these links, or protective factors that may buffer young adults from risky sexual behavior, are unknown. African American young adults who had either completed or dropped out of high school (ages 18 to 21, N = 186) provided information regarding their sexual behavior, role status, substance use, peer affiliations, religiosity, and receipt of protective family processes. Anticipated school attendance, ...
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Courtesy The Herald-Sun). The increasing reliance on Federal and state funding to support capital and operating costs at Watts would also, eventually, lead to the ultimate demise of Watts hospital, as Federal legislation - including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the enactment of Medicare in 1965 - would demand that hospitals be racially integrated.. Like most institutions in Durham, the hospital system was racially segregated - Watts had, until the 1960s, always served only white patients. One of the more unique things about Durham has always been the strength of the African-American community during the segregation era; when Watts had originally proposed adding a wing to Watts Hospital to treat African-American patients in 1900, he was persuaded by the African-American community that this was not in their best interest. The better solution would be to construct a hospital where African-Americans could both be seen as patients and be medical providers. The result was the construction of the ...
Rep. Joe Neguse, a Democrat from Colorados 2nd Congressional District, released a public service announcement video this week to encourage members of the African American community to get vaccinated against COVID-19. The video included messages from Neguse and several Black community leaders in Colorado. The COVID-19 vaccine is safe and extremely effective, Maya Wheeler, the executive director of the African Chamber of Commerce of Colorado, says in the video.. You are doing a good deed for your community, said Sen. Janet Buckner, who represents the 28th District in the Colorado Senate.. COVID-19 has taken so much from so many, and getting vaccinated is the best way to protect yourself and your loved ones, said Eula Adams, a member of the Transportation Commission of Colorado.. In the video, Neguse encourages people who are vaccinated against COVID-19 to talk to their friends and family. A press release that accompanied the PSA states that according to the Colorado Department of Public ...
CDC marked Tuesday, National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, by stressing its commitment to ending an epidemic that disproportionately affects African Americans. At CDC, HIV prevention in black communities remains one of our top priorities, said Dr. Kevin Fenton, director of CDCs National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention. Last year, we invested more than half of our HIV prevention budget to fight HIV among African Americans. Weve expanded initiatives to reach more African Americans with HIV testing, increased the number and reach of HIV prevention programs in black communities, and are working with our partners, like those in the Act Against AIDS Leadership Initiative, to launch campaigns aimed at increasing HIV testing and awareness among black women and black gay and bisexual men, among other groups, Fenton said. The director said testing and awareness are the best ways to prevent future HIV infections. We must also tackle factors such as homophobia and stigma ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predictors of end stage renal disease in African Americans with lupus nephritis. AU - Franco, Carlos. AU - Yoo, Wonsuk. AU - Franco, Domingo. AU - Xu, Zeng. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - Lupus nephritis is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). African Americans generally have a more severe presentation and more often progress to end stage renal disease (ESRD) than Caucasians. Several studies point to higher creatinine, low complement levels, thrombocytopenia, anemia, hypertension, and proliferative glomerulonephritis as predictors of ESRD in lupus nephritis within multi-ethnic cohorts. The purpose of the current study was to correlate clinical, serological, and immunological variables with the development of ESRD requiring dialysis in the African American population. Materials and Methods: A small retrospective study was performed with African American patients who had been diagnosed with lupus nephritis and biopsied between 1996 and ...
As same-sex couples who were able to legally marry last year celebrate their one-year-anniversaries, Equality California (EQCA) and Jordan / Rustin Coalition (JRC) are together launching an education and mobilization effort on the freedom to marry in LAs African-American communities. The effort includes a TV commercial, on-the-ground organizers and a dedicated field office, which will be based in South Los Angeles, a predominantly African-American community. Jordan / Rustin Coalition is happy to partner with Equality California as we do the work to open the hearts and minds of all Californians, including those in the Black community, on the question of marriage for same-sex couples, said Ron Buckmire, JRC board president. Our partnership includes a multi-media campaign, outreach and public education and even the nuts and bolts of staffing and supplies. I am confident that together we will see the day when full LGBT equality is restored to our state ...
Background: Low serum and dietary magnesium (Mg) intake are established risk factors for stroke, coronary disease, hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known on the relationship between Mg intake and heart failure (HF). African Americans are known to have a low dietary Mg intake and have a high risk of HF compared to the general population; thus, an ideal group to study this relationship. We hypothesize that dietary Mg relates to HF hospitalization in African Americans.. Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 5,133 participants from Jackson Heart Study, recruited during 2000-2004, in Jackson (MS), who completed a 61-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The main outcome was hospitalization for HF during 2005-2010. We related different cutoffs of dietary Mg intake (overall, mean, Recommended Daily Allowance [RDA] for men and RDA for women) with HF hospitalization using Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusting for potential confounding. Since HF ...
Key Findings: Studies show African Americans receive modestly more in Social Security benefits for each dollar they pay in payroll taxes than whites do. African Americans earn 73 percent as much as whites, on average, but because of Social Securitys progressive benefit structure, their average retirement benefit is about 85 percent as much as whites. African Americans benefit disproportionately from Social Securitys disability and survivors benefits, since they are more likely than other workers to become disabled or die before retiring. For example, while 15 percent of all U.S. children are African American, 23 percent of the children receiving Social Security survivors benefits are. The risks of replacing part of Social Security with private accounts would be more acute for African Americans than for whites, while the potential rewards likely would be smaller.
We joke about crazy black women, and who hasnt noticed that black people tend to mutter and sing to themselves in public much more often than other race?. Either because they are often sexualized at a young age or whatever, when you combine the violence; the chippy attitude; the apparent lack of a risk aversion gene; the dont touch my hair/I refuse to learn to swim stuff that would be labelled neurosis in any other race; the inability or refusal to think ahead; the possibly low-level depression that makes welfare more appealing than work; the hair trigger hostility to even benign authority figures; and even the almost Tourettes level of foul language in rap… Damn, America, dont you wish youd picked your own damn cotton? ...
why is black history month just in February? African American Inequality Social Justice Implications Median income for Blacks was $32,068 vs. $54,620 Whites 27.4% of African Americans living in poverty vs. 9.9% of Whites 39.1% of African American children vs. 12.4% of White children 21% of Blacks did not have health insurance vs. 12% of Whites Infant mortality rate among Blacks was 2.4 times the rate of Whites Obesity affects 49.5% of Blacks vs. 34.3% of Whites African Americans with Bachelors Degrees make 20% less than Whites with the same degree (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (Carnevale, Rose, & Cheah, 2011) (Flegal, Carroll, Kit, & Ogden, 2012) (MacDorman & Mathews, 2011) Multi-Phase Model of Psychotherapy, Counseling Human Rights, & Social Justice Chung & Bemak, 2012 Culture Family Among families headed by females, the rearing of children is often undertaken by a large number of relatives, older children, ...
Triple negative tumors have a poorer prognosis compared to other subtypes of breast cancer. They tend to be higher grade and have a greater number of mutations in the p53 gene-factors also linked to a worse prognosis [216,227-229].. Although data are limited at this time, some lifestyle factors may play a role in the higher rate of triple negative breast cancer among African American women. Some studies have found that compared to white women, African American women tend to have lower rates of breastfeeding and tend to carry excess weight in the abdomen area, both of which may increase the chances of having triple negative tumors [217,223,230-231].. It may also be that certain reproductive and lifestyle factors protect more against estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancers than ER- breast cancers, including triple negative breast cancers. So, although African American may be more likely than white women to have these protective factors, they may not lower the risk of triple negative breast ...
Television is a medium that transmits messages to mass audiences daily. African American adolescents view more television than any other demographic group. Historically a disparity in educational achievement has existed among African American students and White students, but there are few studies that have examined the impact of television on this disparity.; This study explores the amount of television that is viewed by African American adolescents and its relation to their academic achievement and self-concept. The purpose of the study is to determine whether a significant correlation exists between television viewing and academic success of African American high school students and their self-concept. The results compare the variables of gender, socio-economic status, and mainstream viewing versus minority-oriented viewing in the correlation findings ...
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Abstract: Rates of hypertension in the United States have been rising over the past twenty years. Unfortunately, African Americans are at higher risk for early-onset hypertension, placing African American young adults at increased health risk. Healthy eating and physical activity behaviors have been associated with increased blood pressure control and could serve as areas for intervention for the prevention of early-onset hypertension in young adults. Parents have been shown to influence the development of their childrens health risk behaviors, thus providing a possible point of entry for these interventions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating and exercise behaviors of mothers in relation to the eating and exercise behaviors, gender, and hypertension risk category of their African American young adult children (n=56 dyads, youth ages17-20y). Mother and child took part separately in in-depth semi-structured interviews designed to elicit information about eating and physical ...
UNCFs Frederick D. Patterson Research Institute sought to amplify voices that are often marginalized in these education discussions. To that end, we released our latest report, A Seat at the Table: African American Youths Perceptions of K-12 Education at the Annual UNCF Education Summit a few weeks ago.
Variants of the gene ALOX5AP (also known as FLAP) encoding arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase activating protein are known to be associated with risk of myocardial infarction1. Here we show that a haplotype (HapK) spanning the LTA4H gene encoding leukotriene A4 hydrolase, a protein in the same biochemical pathway as ALOX5AP, confers modest risk of myocardial infarction in an Icelandic cohort. Measurements of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) production suggest that this risk is mediated through upregulation of the leukotriene pathway. Three cohorts from the United States also show that HapK confers a modest relative risk (1.16) in European Americans, but it confers a threefold larger risk in African Americans. About 27% of the European American controls carried at least one copy of HapK, as compared with only 6% of African American controls. Our analyses indicate that HapK is very rare in Africa and that its occurrence in African Americans is due to European admixture. Interactions with other genetic or ...
Author Summary Although recent genome-wide association studies have identified common genetic variants associated with total white blood cell (WBC) and WBC sub-type counts in European and Japanese ancestry populations, whether these or other loci account for differences in WBC count among African Americans is unknown. By examining |16,000 African Americans, we show that, in addition to the previously identified Duffy Antigen Receptor for Chemokines (DARC) locus on chromosome 1, another variant, rs9131, and other nearby variants on human chromosome 4 are associated with total WBC count in African Americans. The variants span the CXCL2 gene, which encodes an inflammatory mediator involved in WBC production and migration. We show that the association is not restricted to African Americans but is also present in independent samples of European Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese. This finding is potentially important because WBC mediate or have altered counts in a variety of acute and chronic
The Muskegon County Museum of African American History is being developed by community people for community people. Its primary goal is to provide local historical African American legacy information that will instill pride and motivation for young African Americans. While there will be a state and national presence, the primary focus is Muskegon County. The current major project is to identify and interview people or family members of people who were the first African American to own a business, hold political office or other notables and create a wall of Muskegon County firsts and other notables. Another major project is to create ongoing funding sources so we can hire staff and provide for the day-to-day operating costs. The museum has a fund development committe to help with this.
Supporters of the latest plan to create an African American museum in Seattle started a drive yesterday to raise the $1 million still needed to buy the abandoned Colman School -- a project with a rocky past. The event could have been called a cleansing ceremony because of past troubles with the project, said Paul Chiles, chairman of the Urban League board. The Urban League has the audacity to try to sabotage an important project like the African American cultural museum by turning it into a real estate development, Garrett said yesterday from the King County Jail. The Urban League plans call for a $17 million redevelopment that would include the museum, commercial space and 40-plus apartments that would go for low-income and market-rate rents. While Garrett claimed the project would face the wrath of the African American grass-roots community, yesterdays ceremony stressed unity and respect. Organizers involved past and present pastors of the citys major African American churches, political
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The purpose of this study was to explore correlates of sexual sensation seeking (SSS) in a sample of rural African American cocaine users. Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit 251 participants from two impoverished rural counties in eastern Arkansas. Consistent with previous investigations, SSS scores were associated with being younger, being male, having more sexual partners, and having more unprotected sexual encounters in the previous 30 days. Multiple regression revealed that SSS was correlated with a number of oral sex acts, transactional sex (exchanging sex for food, shelter, drugs, money, or other commodities), and Addiction Severity Index drug composite. SSS continues to demonstrate a strong association with sexual risk behaviors in diverse populations, including vulnerable groups like this community. Interventions to reduce unsafe sexual behaviors among high-risk groups, including drug users and individuals who engage in transactional sex, should incorporate approaches that ...
About the Lecture. Most popular accounts of the African American connection with Gandhi have swirled around the outsized figure of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as the public face of the Civil Rights Movement. However, the cry for a Negro Gandhi was first raised by W. E. B. DuBois, the most prominent African American intellectual of his generation, in the early 1920s. Thereafter, the figure of Gandhi appears frequently as someone that black Americans could emulate. Moreover, the African American press, represented by such newspapers as the Crisis, Pittsburgh Courier, New York Amsterdam News, and the Chicago Defender, was extraordinarily prolific in its representation of the Indian independence movement. In this talk, I analyze the worldview of the African American press and its outlook towards the movement in India. Prevailing conceptions of the Global South, focusing on anti-colonial movements in Asia and Africa, generally overlook the history of black America in the 20th century. ...
African Americans and recidivism[edit]. With regard to the United States incarceration rate, African Americans represent only ... Reducing recidivism among African Americans[edit]. A cultural re-grounding of African Americans is important to improve self- ... Recidivism is highest amongst those under the age of 18 who are male and African American, and African Americans have ... African Americans are disproportionately represented in the American prison system, representing approximately half the prison ...
African-American students in Connecticut, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Nebraska are more than four times as ... which has proved to classify disproportionately more African-Americans that European-Americans as intellectually disabled.[27] ... 2005) "African American Student Representation in Special Education Programs." The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 74, No. 4, ... African-Americans in Special Education[edit]. The studies found that grossly disproportionate numbers of minority students are ...
1An Afro-Latin American is any person from Latin America with origins in Africa. They can be Afro-South Americans, Afro-Central ... fought in both Europe and North America. It also took over all French territory in North America east of the Mississippi River ... Three Diasporas: African, Garifuna, and Central American[edit]. The distinction between diaspora and transnational migration is ... Based in part on their experience with slavery in other parts of the Caribbean and North America, the British separated the ...
African American Vernacular English (African-American ethnolect)[edit]. Example 2 African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is ... African Americans in rural western North Carolina have been found to adopt both local pronunciation and AAVE vocabulary in ... Examples include Jewish American English, previous German Australian English and African American Vernacular English. [1] ... Green, Lisa J (2002). African American English : a linguistic introduction. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-89138-8. .. ...
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) has been the center of controversy about the education of African-American youths, ... "Dialects: African American Vernacular English". Links to "a variety of resources related to African American Vernacular English ... The English History of African American English, Blackwell. *^ Poplack, Shana; Tagliamonte, Sali (2001), African American ... a member of the African language family;[clarification needed] that African Americans particular language and their dialects; ...
African-American[edit]. Michael Joseph Brown writes that African-Americans responded to the assumption of universality in ... Brown, Michael Joseph (2004). Blackening of the Bible The Aims of African American Biblical Scholarship. Bloomsbury Academic. ... "American Scientist. 93 (3): 255.. *^ Bendroth, Margaret (27 February 2017). "Christian Fundamentalism in America". Oxford ... 2 African-American biblical criticism is contextual, based on liberation theology and black theology, and looks for what is ...
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania. *Eduardo Suplicy, Brazil[115]. *Varun Gandhi, Indian Member of Parliament[116] ... At the 2016 North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress in Winnipeg, Vallée examined slavery as a historical example of a ... Standing, Guy (ed.). "Promoting Income Security as a Right: Europe and North America", Anthem Press, London, 2005 ... "Martin Luther King's Economic Dream: A Guaranteed Income for All Americans".. *^ "Bundestag will Petition zum bedingungslosen ...
Adams, Luther (2010-11-29). Way Up North in Louisville: African American Migration in the Urban South, 1930-1970. Univ of North ... leading many African Americans to seek new jobs in urban areas.[6] African Americans strove to find new opportunities such as ... Graph showing the percentage of the African American population living in the American South, 1790-2010. ... In addition, African Americans were still treated with discrimination in parts of the country, and many sought to escape this.[ ...
Main article: Afro-American peoples of the Americas. African American[edit]. Main article: African immigrants to the United ... Hungarian Americans, Polish Americans, Dutch Americans, Norwegian Americans, German Americans, Ukrainian Americans and Russian ... Haitian Americans, Barbadian Americans, Guyanese Americans, Bahamian Americans, Grenadian Americans, Vincentian Americans and ... Japanese Americans, Filipino Americans, Indian Americans, Indo-Caribbean Americans, Afghan Americans, Australian Americans, ...
African-American movements[edit]. Many slaves brought from Africa to the Western hemisphere were Muslim. Although it is thought ... "Mourides Celebrate 19 Years in North America" by Ayesha Attah. The African magazine. (n.d.) Retrieved 2007-11-13. ... a b Milton C. Sernett (1999). African American religious history: a documentary witness. Duke University Press. pp. 499-501. ... "Mythmaking in the African American Muslim Context: The Moorish Science Temple, the Nation of Islam, and the American Society of ...
20th century African American names[edit]. Since the civil rights movement of 1950-1970, African-American names given to ... including North and South America; North, East, Central and West India; Australia, New Zealand, and the Philippines. ... After the name Kayla was used for a character on the American soap opera Days of Our Lives, the name's popularity increased ... Lara and Larissa were rare in America before the appearance of Doctor Zhivago, and have become fairly common since. ...
Women and African-Americans at college[edit]. Mary Lyon (1797-1849) founded the first woman's college, Mount Holyoke College in ... Encyclopedia of the North American colonies (3 vol 1992) 1:214 *^ John D. Wright, Jr. ed., Transylvania: Tutor to the West ( ... The American College and University: A History (1962), a standard survey. *Thelin, John R. A History of American Higher ... Higher Education for African Americans before the Civil Rights Era, 1900-1964 (2012) ...
Disproportion of African American casualties[edit]. African Americans suffered disproportionately high casualty rates in ... 4 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong military deaths. *5 United States armed forces *5.1 Disproportion of African American ... "African-Americans In Combat , History Detectives , PBS". *^ a b c War within war; The Guardian; September 14, ... a b Fighting on Two Fronts: African Americans and the Vietnam War; Westheider, James E.; New York University Press; 1997; pp. ...
African-American Catholics[edit]. Because the South was over 90% Protestant, most African-Americans who adopted Christianity ... Documents of American Catholic History 2nd ed. (1956).. Further reading[edit]. *Abell, Aaron. American Catholicism and Social ... Marty, Martin E. Modern American Religion, Vol. 1: The Irony of It All, 1893-1919 (1986); Modern American Religion. Vol. 2: The ... Cloud, Minnesota: North Star Press, 1994) 271pp.. *O'Toole, James M. The Faithful: A History of Catholics in America (2008) ...
My proposal: A Caucasian and an African-American girl. Another possibility is no caption at all. It could be argued that a ... A Caucasian and an African-American girl. I'm trying out a new caption, the caption should describe the photo without being too ... The image was taken near New York, so "African American" may be correct but it's *completely irrelevant*, or worse, the present ... Is the girl on the left a Caucasian-American? Would "A Caucasian-American and a Negro girl" be acceptable? Seems silly. - Xed ...
African-American culture - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this ... Mojo /ˈmoʊdʒoʊ/, in the African-American folk belief called hoodoo, is an amulet consisting of a flannel bag containing one or ... Brewer, Richard M. (1958). "How Hoodoo Lost His hand." From My People: 400 Years of African American Folklore. New York: ... Brewer, Richard M. (1958). "The Mojo." From My People: 400 Years of African American Folklore. New York: Indiana University ...
African-American influence, which absorbed elements of Native American and European-American culture, was strong on the cuisine ... Enslaved Africans and African Americans chose their independence by escaping to British lines, where they were promised freedom ... African Americans in Georgia: A Reflection of Politics and Policy in the New South (Mercer University Press; 2010) 264 pages. ... African Americans[edit]. Although blacks also participated in the Progressive movement, the state remained in the grip of Jim ...
African Americans[edit]. A number of African-Americans and Afro-Caribbeans have changed their names out of the belief that the ... The modern use of the term applies mostly to African Americans and West Indians who are descended from enslaved Africans who ... Some organizations encourage African-Americans to abandon their slave names. The Nation of Islam is perhaps the best-known of ... The black nationalist US Organization also advocates for African-Americans to change their slave names.[8] ...
African Americans. Criminal activities. Drug trafficking, racketeering, armed robbery, assault and murder. ... Five Star General of Bloods Pleads Guilty, American Chronicle, September 8, 2005 ... North Carolina, Hazleton, East Stroudsburg[3] Pennsylvania, Scranton, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), and Baltimore ...
Aside from Black American, these include Afro-American (in use from the late 1960s to 1990) and African American (used in the ... African American Journeys to Africa, pp. 63-64. *^ Martin Luther King, Jr. (28 August 1963). I Have a Dream (Google Video). ... "African American" in more formal settings.[114] In the U.S. census race definitions, Black and African Americans are citizens ... African Americans have 73.2-80.9% West African, 18-24% European, and 0.8-0.9% Native American genetic heritage, with large ...
At the end of World War II, the GI Bill furthered segregation practices by keeping African Americans out of European American ... African Americans were met with discrimination when trying to purchase a home in the overwhelmingly European American ... and that it would be unethical to sell a house in a European American neighborhood to African Americans because it would drive ... African Americans were systematically steered to these non-European American neighborhoods.[6] ...
Williams, Lillian S.; Gregory, Amybeth; Kruczek-Aaron, Hadley (2005). "African Americans". In Eisenstadt, Peter R. (ed.). The ... "Afro-American Notes". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1911-02-17. p. 10. Retrieved 2019-02-12 - via "Empire State ... Alice W. Wiley Seay (1858 - November 1937) was an American social worker and founder of the Empire State Federation of Women's ... Saddlemire 2018, p. 2. "Afro-American Notes". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1911-11-27. p. 5. Retrieved 2019-02-12 - via Newspapers ...
The racial makeup of the MSA was 89.70% White, 1.22% African American, 1.53% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.29% Pacific ... "Examining the Status of African Americans and Hispanics in Arkansas" (PDF). University of Arkansas, Sam M. Walton College of ... Graves, John William (August 16, 2017). "African Americans". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Butler Center for ... "America's Current Favorite Farmer's Markets ™: Top 20 Large". American Farmland Trust. Archived from the original on 2011-09-04 ...
African-Americans; the Peruvian community, and Latinos, he successfully ran for mayor. On July 1st, 2018, he was sworn in as ... Andre Sayegh (born 1973/1974) is an American politician who has served since 2018 as the Mayor of Paterson, the third-most ... Adely, Hannan (May 19, 2018). "Paterson marks milestone with election of first Arab-American mayor". Staff. " ...
Code-named "Station Hope", the city was a major stop on the Underground Railroad for escaped African American slaves en route ... "African Americans". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 15, ... They were later joined by African American migrants from the rural South as part of the Great Migration seeking jobs, ... Stokes went on to face Republican Seth Taft and won the 1967 general mayoral election, becoming the first African American ...
African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.6% Asian, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12% ... with significant African American and Asian minorities. The city's Downtown is majority non-Hispanic white, with African ... Most of the African American neighborhoods are on the East Side of Cleveland, but there is also a significant community on the ... Cleveland's African American population increased from 235,405 (46.6%) in 1990 to 246,242 (51.0%) in 2000. However, due to ...
... a prominent African American businesswoman; Grayce Cunningham Lezama, likewise a prominent African American businesswoman; ... Upshure's friend, the African American painter, Beauford Delaney lived in the building a few years later and served as its ... All but one were African Americans. (The exception was a woman named Jane Davis, born in England to English parents, who was ... She was the first African American to be elected to that group. The Gumby Book Studio Group staged performances in a bookstore ...
He welcomed African Americans into his church, and he ordained at least two of them to its eldership. Strang also mandated the ... "African-Americans". Retrieved on 2007-10-18. Strang 1856, pp. 286-87. Strang 1856, pp. 251-68. Strang 1856, pp. ... Strang ardently fought the illegal practice of trading liquor to local Native American tribes due to the common practice of ... James Jesse Strang (March 21, 1813 - July 9, 1856) was an American religious leader, politician and self-proclaimed monarch. In ...
Commissioning of African-Americans officers resumed but units remained segregated and most all-black units were led by white ... The president's African-American supporters, who had crossed party lines to vote for him in 1912, were bitterly disappointed, ... After consulting with African-American leader Robert Moton, Wilson issued a major statement denouncing lynching. He called upon ... However, in accord with military policy from the Civil War through the Second World War, the army kept African-American ...
Adams, Luther J. (Autumn 2001). "African American Migration to Louisville in the Mid-Twentieth Century". The Register of the ... Bailey, Brandy (April 23, 2009). "A True Kentucky Pioneer: The Story of Kentucky's First Female and African-American Senator". ... Hudson, J. Blaine (2001). "African Americans". In Kleber, John E. (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington, Kentucky: ... ISBN 1-55670-092-X. Groob, Kathy (March 7, 2011). "Breaking Barriers: Kentucky's First Female African American Senator, Georgia ...
... the fecal DCA concentrations in Native Africans in South Africa (who eat a low fat diet) compared to African Americans (who eat ... 37.51 nmol/g wet weight stool.[35] Native Africans in South Africa have a low incidence rate of colon cancer of less than 1: ... 100,000,[36] compared to the high incidence rate for male African Americans of 72:100,000.[37] ... "American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. 318 (3): G554-G573. doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00223.2019. PMC ...
3.2 Africa *3.2.1 South Africa. *3.2.2 Zimbabwe. *3.3 Central America and the Caribbean *3.3.1 Barbados ... South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book on the University of South Africa catalogue. * Find this book on the University of the Witwatersrand Library ...
There is ambitious breeding in many continents, including Africa (South Africa), North America, (Northern) Europe and Australia ... Irish Terrier Club of America Breed Standard. *^ Pat I (1924-1941) Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Library and ... A health study conducted by the Irish Terrier Club of America showed a greater-than-expected incidence of hypothyroidism and ...
African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 14.42% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or ... Henrietta Bell Wells, first African-American woman to participate in debate team in Wiley College and to be a lawyer ... located north of Baytown at 9600 North Main Street in an unincorporated area.[41] The complex has eight soccer fields; four are ... "American Lung Association. March 25, 2005. Archived from the original on April 29, 2005. Retrieved January 11, 2010.. ...
African American, 98 (14.6%) Native American, 8 (1.2%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 28 (4.2%) from other races, and 35 ( ... "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.. ... The tiny village of Independence is bisected by U.S. Route 395, the main north-south highway through the Owens Valley. ... Independence began as the US Army Camp Independence (two miles north of the current town) established by Lieutenant Colonel ...
... and a full Native American father John Drinkard Jr. (b. 1870).[1] He descended from a family of African-American landowners in ... Nitcholas Drinkard was born to a part Dutch, part African-American, mother Susan Bell Drinkard (née Fuller, b. 1876) ... Encyclopedia of American Gospel Music, By W. K. McNeil, Page 111 *^ " Delia Drinkard (McCaskill)". April 13, 2011. ... The Drinkard Singers were an American gospel singing group, most successful in the late 1950s and important in the careers of ...
Invitation to the African Destubathon[edit]. Hi. You may be interested in participating in the African Destubathon which starts ... Will you be merging Category:American female weightlifters‎ and Category:American women weightlifters‎? --Marc Kupper,talk 20: ... List of Pan American Games medalists in rowing added links pointing to Patrick Hayes, Michael Neary, Michael Moran, Jonathan ... Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There ...
African-Americans, and Native-Americans; a history of gestational diabetes; polycystic ovary syndrome; excess weight; and ... The Medical Clinics of North America. 95 (5): 953-69. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2011.06.007. PMID 21855702.. ... "The American Journal of Medicine (Review). 133 (3): 290-296. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.08.035. PMC 7054139. PMID 31520618.. ... A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association". Diabetes Care. 38 (9): 1777- ...
Remarkable sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine ... American Society for Microbiology Journals ...
In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... Zieger, Robert H., and Gilbert J. Gall, American Workers, American Unions: The Twentieth Century(3rd ed. 2002) excerpt and text ... Other documentaries: Made in L.A. (2007); American Standoff (2002); The Fight in the Fields (1997); With Babies and Banners: ... Other dramatizations: 10,000 Black Men Named George (2002); Matewan (1987); American Playhouse - "The Killing Floor" (1985); ...
... s of America (2007). Magnet schools in America: A brief history. Retrieved February 20, 2009, Archived ... The Troubled Crusade: American Education, 1945-1980. Basic Books, 1984. *^ a b Lange, C. M. & Sletten, S. J. (2002, February). ... Magnet Schools of America, The National Association of Magnet and Theme-Based Schools (U.S.) ... According to a survey distributed at the Magnet Schools of America's (MSA) 2008 annual meeting, in magnet schools with free ...
In 1927, Arya Samaj was established in Singapore in a shophouse in Rowell Road.[1][2][3]. In 1942 till 1945, during the Second World War the activities of the Arya Samaj was interrupted by the Japanese occupation of Singapore.[2][3]. In 1963, the Arya Samaj movement's present building at Syed Alwi Road was opened by Mollamal Sachdev, whose family gave generously to the building fund.[2][3]. In 2014, on 1 and 2 November, Arya Samaj Singapore celebrated International Arya Conference (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय आर्य महा सम्मलेन) to mark the 101 years of Arya Samaj movement.[4]. In 2015, inaugural International Yoga Day (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस) was celebrated by the Arya Samaj.[5]. ...
American Bandstand (with Dick Clark), MTV (interview with J.J. Jackson), and Top of the Pops. The Dream Academy's eponymous ... and took some time off to travel to Asia and Africa. Shortly thereafter, he began to work with David Gilmour on lyrics for Pink ...
Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian, ,0.1% Pacific Islander, 42.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two ... African American, 80 (1.0%) Native American, 95 (1.2%) Asian, 25 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 2,455 (31.9%) from other races, and ... and was founded by Irish American and Irish Mexican soldiers, who deserted both in the Mexican-American War (1850's) and from ... "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.. ...
American ancestry. *By Continent: *African Americans. *Asian Americans. *European Americans. *North Americans ... All American 2003. Represented Canada in 2012 London Olympic Games. Notable non-graduates[edit]. *Andrew Card - Former White ... The USMMA in Kings Point, New York is the home of the American Merchant Marine Museum.[17] The museum houses: *A learning ... American Merchant Marine Museum Archived 2010-12-26 at the Wayback Machine webpage. United States Merchant Marine Academy ...
Merrick, Janna (June 2003). "Spiritual Healing, Sick Kids and the Law: Inequities in the American Healthcare System". American ... In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... a b c d Countercultural Healing: A brief History of Alternavie Medicine in America, James Whorton, PBS, November 4, 2003, [2] ... a b c d Quack Medicine: A History of Combating Health Fraud in Twentieth-Century America, Eric W. Boyle, [1] ...
... tree is considered a remnant of the Mio-Pliocene Laurasian subtropical forests that are now almost extinct in North Africa.[13] ... only the land bridge between South America and North America was absent, although South America was approaching the western ... Islands began to form between South and North America in the Late Miocene, allowing ground sloths like Thinobadistes to island- ... Holman, J. Alan (2000). Fossil Snakes of North America (First ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. pp. 284-323. ...
South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book on the University of South Africa catalogue. * Find this book on the University of the Witwatersrand Library ... Find this book in the North Carolina State University Library catalog. * Find this book in the Oberlin College library catalog ...
In 1859 Kane published an account of his journeys entitled Wanderings of an Artist Among the Indians of North America. Other ... South African-born composer Malcolm Forsyth lived in Edmonton from 1968 until his death in 2011. Perhaps his best-known ...
South Africa. South African. Tanzania. Tanzanian. Uganda. Ugandan. Zambia. Zambian. North America. Plains Sign Talk. Canada. ... American Black American. Protactile. Blackfeet. Cree. Cheyenne. Ojibwa. Keresign. Martha's Vineyard. Navajo. Navajo Family. ... South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old Cayman. Chile. ... Africa. Algeria. Algerian. Ghardaia. Ghana. Adamorobe. Nanabin. Kenya. Kenyan. Mali. Tebul. LaSiMa. Nigeria. Bura. Magannar ...
African American, 2.84% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 6.45% from other races, and 2.96% from two or ... African American, 188 (2.0%) Native American, 295 (3.2%) Asian, 16 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 584 (16.0%) from other races, and ...
North Carolina State University, 2001 *^ Stephen Morse; Michael Stockin (1995). People and Environment: Development for the ... from Africa to the temperate northern hemisphere. ... Native AmericanEdit. Recent research in the field of ... "Body and Earth Are Not Two': Kawaguchi Yoshikazu's NATURAL FARMING and American Agriculture Writers". ResearchGate. Retrieved ... ANDERSON, M. KAT (2005-01-01). "Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources". Tending the ...
No outsider was allowed to meet him without an escort.[149] He took over from Sary as the Secretary of the North East Zone.[150 ... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... Plans for a personality cult revolving around Pol Pot were drawn up, based on the Chinese and North Korean models, in the ... There were exceptions, such as parts of the North-West Zone and western areas of Kompong Chhnang, where starvation did occur in ...
... due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. The self proclamation was done to enforce Hindu social code ...
P. mauritanica - Malherbe, 1845: North Africa (Morocco, northern Algeria and Tunisia) (now considered a separate species, the ... American Ornithologists' Union (1998). Check-list of North American Birds (PDF). Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union ... P. serica - Gould, 1845: east and south China, Taiwan, north Myanmar, north Laos and north Vietnam (now considered a separate ... American Ornithologists' Union (2000). "Forty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North ...
North American and African). Certain forms of Cuban music demand a strict relationship between the clave and other musical ... Some North American musicians call this pattern clave.[44][45] Other North American musicians refer to the triple-pulse form as ... 8 clave" as used by North American musicians[edit]. 6. 8 standard pattern Play (help·info); 6. 8 son clave Play (help·info); 6 ... The clave pattern is also found in the African diaspora music of Haitian Vodou drumming, Afro-Brazilian music, African-American ...
African Americans were his playmates, and his father enjoyed watching him jig dance with the black children.[10][11] ... Wills not only learned traditional music from his family, he learned some Blues songs directly from African Americans in the ... It's the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The rhythm's what's ... James Robert Wills (March 6, 1905 - May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician, songwriter, and bandleader. ...
African-American communities. *Native American communities. *Long-term care facilities. *Public transport ...
12.4% (34.5 million Americans) were of German descent; German Americans. *12.3% were of Black or African American descent; ... 2.4% (6.8 million Americans)[6] of respondents were multiracial (2 or more races). The 2000 Census was the first time survey ... Families (as opposed to men or women living alone) still dominated American households, but less so than they did thirty years ... If this policy were changed, then Utah would have received an additional seat instead of North Carolina. On November 26, 2002, ...
South Africa[edit]. *University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), BSc(Eng) Aeronautical & MSc (Eng) Aeronautical (Aerospace) ... accredits 2 institutions in Turkey while the others are in United States of America. ...
The first shipload of enslaved Africans directly from Africa arrives in the West Indies. Prior to this time, Africans were ... The Spanish king allows the introduction of enslaved Africans into Spains American colonies.. 01-01. *Spanish Slavery ... The first Africans arrive in Hispaniola with Christopher Columbus. They are free persons.. 01-01. *Africans in the New World ... They bring along enslaved Africans, considered to be the first in the present-day United States. These Africans flee the colony ...
The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, included 1,548 African American women participating in ... Injectable birth control may increase blood lead levels in African American women. ... a condition that disproportionately affects African American women. The project was initiated and data is collected through the ... Data collection for this investigation was funded by NIEHS, NIH, and from funds allocated for health research by the American ...
African American History. From education and exploration to baseball and poetry, African Americans have made great ... During the 20th century, African Americans from Missouri made many cultural contributions. James Langston Hughes was born in ... Louis and became Americas first black novelist.. George Washington Carver, born a slave in Missouri, became a great scientist ... Joplin; he later became a great American poet. Jazz musician William "Count" Basie, moved to Kansas City in the late 1920s and ...
... were among African Americans. Thus, the 2018 hepatitis C related death rate for African Americans was 6.31 deaths per 100,000 ... In 2018, African American/Black adult and adolescent men accounted for 39% of new HIV diagnoses among men in the United States ... In 2018, African Americans/Blacks accounted for 42% of the 37,968 new HIV diagnoses in the United States and dependent areas. ... Among African American/Black adult and adolescent women in the United States and dependent areas, most (92%) new HIV diagnoses ...
Pages in category "African Americans and education". The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. This list ... Historically segregated African-American schools in the United States‎ (3 C, 138 P) ... Retrieved from "" ...
A DAY Monthly Agendas:. Click the appropriate month for daily work and important links to course resources.. August+September. October. November. December. January. February. March. April. May ...
... that image should go into African American men, African American women, African American children, or African American families ... African American people, African American, African-American, Afro-Americans, Black Americans (en); Āfrikas amerikāņi (lv); ... African American diaspora),. etnische gemeenschap (Black Hispanic and Latino Americans, West Indian Americans, African ... An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans by Lydia Child, Boston African American National Historic Site, ...
African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African ... African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African ... African Americans - Childrens Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11). *black Americans, or African Americans - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 ... African Americans are largely the descendants of slaves-people who were brought from their African homelands by force to work ...
... are the second largest minority group in America (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008). While the term ... Racial Identity African American Student Black People African American Youth African American Adolescent ... and Africa. Some "African Americans" are recent arrivals while others have had ancestors who have been in America since before ... African Americans, numbering about 39 million, are the second largest minority group in America (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008). ...
Students immerse themselves in the experiences and accomplishments of extraordinary African Americans by speaking as them in ... On the day of the African American Wax Museum, students bring their posters to the cafeteria and hang them on the wall behind ... In honor of Black History Month, the fourth graders at our school participate in an African American Wax Museum every year. It ... In mid-January, fourth grade students are given a list of African Americans (both past and present) who were important figures ...
African American Cemeteries of Tidewater Virginia and North Carolina on Facebook. A community forum for the African American ... Guide to African-American Manuscripts *The Library of Virginia - Resources for African American Genealogical Research *African ... Large African American cemeteries in Virginia have included: *The African American Historic Cemeteries of Portsmouth VA on ... Guide to African American genealogy in Virginia. Strategies. African American research in Virginia can be divided into two ...
Is Elon Musk African American, Black, or not? - Quora. › Is-Elon-Musk-African-American ... Are African Americans mixed? - Quora. › Are-African-Americans-mixed ... 1870: New Orleans, Louisiana has 177 African-American officers, and three of five police board members were African American. ... Africans are from Africa. Jamaicans and other people of the African Diaspora are Black meaning of African decent. However ...
Start the morning right with African Americans Mugs from CafePress. Browse tons of unique designs or create your own custom ... Does your mug make a statement? Express yourself with unique African Americans Mugs from CafePress. If you want to express your ...
African Germans? And in New Zealand? African New Zealander? Is African American a unique characterization just to the United ... person born in South Africa or in Egypt and immigrating to America - Are they African American? See : (yes, again, the Mavis ... In the United States, Black people like to be refered to as African Americans. What are Black people called in Mexico? African ... Subject: African Americans Category: Reference, Education and News , General Reference Asked by: xanne-ga List Price: $2.00. ...
A long history of racism and cruel experimentation in health care are among the reasons African-American families oppose ... Recruiting African-Americans "takes a lot of effort and a lot of work," she said. "Every year, we bring it up again and revisit ... African-Americans suffer from these cognitive impairments at two to three times the rate of non-Hispanic whites, yet they are ... As an African-American and a former schoolteacher, Reeves is keenly aware of the history of racism in health care, including ...
Prince Hall, Founder of the African American Masonic Order Prince Hall.. A Charge Delivered to the African Lodge, June 24, 1797 ... freed African Americans, especially in the North, were active participants in American society. Black men enlisted as soldiers ... African American Women Preachers Although little is known about the preacher pictured here, Juliann Jane Tillman, African ... While some African Americans chose this option, the vast majority felt themselves to be Americans and focused their efforts on ...
African and African American subjects, themes, and materials used. Students read works of African American writers. ... Studies in African American Literature (3 s.h.) S. Core: WI.. An examination of African American literary forms with certain ... African and Afro-American (3 s.h.) S. An overview of the folk literature and oratory of African peoples on the African ... Introduction to African American Novel (3 s.h.) F S. An introductory survey of the Afro-American novel from the Clotel of the ...
The East Coast African American Genealogists list has been created to join Genealogists who are researching on the East Coast ... East Coast African American Genealogists is a Public Group with 104 members.. *East Coast African American Genealogists ...
Spears, Arthur K. (2015), "African American Standard English", in Lanehart, Sonja, The Oxford Handbook of African American ... As with most African-American English, African-American Vernacular English shares a large portion of its grammar and phonology ... "African American Language in New York City", in Lanehart, Sonja, The Oxford Handbook of African American Language, Oxford: ... "What is African American English?", in Lanehart, Sonja, Sociocultural and Historical Contexts of African American English, ...
... and cultural and political experiences of African Americans. ... Celebrate African American History Month--this site highlights ... African American Historic Places. African American Historic Places. (ISBN 0-471-14345-6) describes more than 800 properties in ... African American History and Culture: A Remembering. A CRM issue that explores aspects of African American heritage. (PDF ... African American History and Culture. Our Shared History: Celebrating African American History & Culture. An ongoing effort to ...
History of African-American Religion Syllabus. Topics: * Religion and Regions > Religion in North America > African Americans ... African-American Religious History Syllabus. Topics: * Religion and Regions > Religion in North America > African Americans ... African American Religious Experiences Syllabus. Topics: * Religion and Regions > Religion in North America > African Americans ... African American Religions Syllabus. Topics: * Religion and Regions > Religion in North America > African Americans ...
At a time of low unemployment for African Americans, educated, well-connected professionals are starting new lives in cities ... Employment Opportunities Rising For African Americans At a time of low unemployment for African Americans, educated, well- ... The Smiths are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where Charlotte is located. The African American ... They are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where the African American population has ballooned by ...
California about African Americans and meet people in your local community who share your interests. ... African Americans Meetups in North Hollywood Heres a look at some African Americans Meetups happening near North Hollywood. ... MAYME CLAYTON LIBRARY AND MUSEUM OF AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE MAYME CLAYTON LIBRARY AND MUSEUM OF AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE 92 ... The Black Outdoors - An African-American Adventure Group The Black Outdoors - An African-American Adventure Group 1,877 Black ...
African Americans - The civil rights movement: At the end of World War II, African Americans were poised to make far-reaching ... The campaign for African American rights-usually referred to as the civil rights movement or the freedom movement-went forward ... African Americans - Childrens Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11). *black Americans, or African Americans - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 ... The impact of World War I and African American migration to the North ...
Welcome to the African and African American Studies Department!. The African & African American Studies (AFAM) program offers ... The African & African American Studies (AFAM) program offers the B.A. degree in African & African American Studies. Students ... Majoring in African and African American Studies challenges students with a high level of critical thinking encouraging the ... African and African American Studies. Cate Center 2 316 Cate Center Drive, Room 315 Norman, OK 73072 ...
... the time of the North American colonial period. These ceramics, in turn, are linked to ceramics made by African or African- ... has been found in African-American contexts on the East Coast of the United States, including African-American archaeological ... Wheaton and Garrow concluded the Colono Ware was made by African Americans and was of West African derivation (1985:251). As ... Wheaton and Garrow concluded the Colono Ware was made by African Americans and was of West African derivation (Wheaton and ...
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or ... African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or ... 아프리카계 미국인(영어: African American)은 미국에서 아프리카인의 혈통을 가지고 태어난 사람을 말한다. 이들은 영어로 Afro American 혹은 Black American이라고도 불린다. 아프리카계 미국인들 ... African Americans, również Afro-Americans, Black Americans) - czarnoskórzy (a najczęściej mulaci) Amerykanie pochodzenia ...
The great majority of African Americans are descended from Africans brought to North America as slaves beginning four centuries ... African American is a politically correct term some use to describe the ethnic background of Americans with African ancestry. ... Many American conservatives believe that the use of terms such as "African-American" or "Mexican-American," collectively ... Currently "black" and "African American" are in favor, and "Afro-American" and "Negro" are out of favor. The situation before ...
The great majority of African Americans are descended from Africans brought to North America as slaves beginning four centuries ... African American is the term some use to describe the ethnic background of Americans with African ancestry. ... "African American" or "Mexican American," collectively referred to as "hyphenated Americanism," because the terms "put America ... African Americans socialize in particular fraternities that are historically African American or live in "special interest" ...
  • In 2018, in the United States, the death rate for African Americans/Blacks was higher (16.3 per 100,000) compared with any other racial/ethnic group (2.5 Whites). (
  • In 2018, African Americans/Blacks accounted for 42% of the 37,968 new HIV diagnoses in the United States and dependent areas. (
  • In 2018, African Americans/Blacks represented 43% of all deaths of people diagnosed with HIV. (
  • A recent study showed that African Americans/Blacks diagnosed with HIV are less likely than other groups to be linked to care, retained in care, receive antiretroviral treatment, and achieve adequate viral suppression. (
  • The uninterrupted history of blacks in the United States began in 1619, when 20 Africans were landed in the English colony of Virginia. (
  • Edmund S. Morgan's American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia (1975) ( FHL Book 975.5 H6m ) is considered one of the best histories of enslaved blacks in Virginia. (
  • During the conversation she made a comparison with what used to go on in South Africa during the apartheid years and she referred to South African blacks as 'African Americans. (
  • Free African American Christians founded their own churches which became the hub of the economic, social, and intellectual lives of blacks in many areas of the fledgling nation. (
  • This paper and other early writings by blacks fueled the attack against slavery and racist conceptions about the intellectual inferiority of African Americans. (
  • Thousands of freed blacks, with the aid of interested whites, returned to Africa with the aid of the American Colonization Society and colonized what eventually became Liberia. (
  • As a group, African Americans attracted relatively little attention in the U.S. mainstream news media during the first year of Barack Obama's presidency - and what coverage there was tended to focus more on specific episodes than on examining how broader issues and trends affected the lives of blacks generally. (
  • Summary of Findings A comprehensive new survey of racial attitudes finds that a year after Barack Obama's election, blacks' assessments about the state of black progress in America have improved more dramatically than at any time in the last quarter century. (
  • Assessments about the state of black progress in America have improved more dramatically among blacks during the past two years than at any time in the past quarter century. (
  • Blacks were originally brought to America to serve as slaves in southeastern states on large-scale plantations. (
  • Blacks tended to support the Republican Party from the 1860s to the 1960s, but few who lived in the South voted--some states even stopped people of African ancestry voting by the use of literacy tests, poll taxes and other measures. (
  • Moreover, Cain's take on racism hints at why the Republican Party can't make more inroads among blacks, despite the fact that African-Americans would generally appear to be sympathetic to Republican positions on social issues such as gay marriage and abortion, say some analysts. (
  • Temple Beth'El is a predominantly African-American synagogue formed more than 50 years ago by the daughter of a Baptist preacher at a time when many blacks were rejecting Christianity as a slave religion. (
  • Among her numerous books are Ethnic Genealogy, Images of Blacks in American Culture , Notable Black American Women , Notable Black American Men , and Black Firsts . (
  • With famous poems such as "The Negro Speaks of Rivers," and Crotty fave, "Let America Be America Again," Hughes proudly depicted the lives of poor blacks through the invention of what was called "jazz poetry. (
  • Amazingly, a small population of African Americans settled in Portland against a backdrop of exclusion laws that banned free blacks from settling in Oregon. (
  • The most recent Taulbee Survey, which covers the same period as the CGS study, breaks down new enrollments by race only for doctoral programs and found no increase in Ph.D.-seeking blacks and African Americans. (
  • But that doesn't explain, Bell acknowledges, why African Americans and blacks would do so more than other groups. (
  • The site documents the 19th-century odyssey of John Horse and the Black Seminoles, descendants of free blacks and fugitive slaves who sought freedom on three American frontiers, from Florida to Mexico. (
  • The study evaluated more than 1,500 African-American patients with IBD-including 1,088 with Crohn's disease and 361 with ulcerative colitis-from 35 IBD centers across North America and used 1,797 African-Americans without IBD for comparison. (
  • The great majority of African Americans are descended from Africans brought to North America as slaves beginning four centuries ago. (
  • The focused as well as comparative study of Africa, North America and the Caribbean are central components of the program. (
  • With the increasing profitability of slavery and the slave trade, some Africans themselves sold captives to the European traders. (
  • Comments With Dr. James Haney Presents*Psychiological Impact of Slavery on African Americans, with Ms. KShakill, Researcher, who talks about some of the psychiological challenges faced by African Americans because of the institution of slavry and what can be done to overecom these challenges, Part 1. (
  • From the exploitive years of slavery and on through the oppressive years to follow, African Americans have fought dauntlessly to achieve social equality. (
  • Was a civil war inevitable over slavery in America? (
  • No. A war was not necessarily inevitable over slavery in America, but a deep conflict over slavery was. (
  • Though cinema would progress, as an industry and as an art form, the stereotypes of African Americans , rooted in slavery and used to justify racist ideologies and acts of discrimination, remained, though often adapted to fit changing cultural contexts. (
  • This, of course, requires a commitment to the history and legacy of slavery, but also acknowledges how those people have produced central insights and cultural forms that have redefined not just America, but the world itself as well as how knowledge about that world is produced. (
  • this community college text investigates the conscious and unconscious strategies that led African Americans to emerge from slavery to become the most successful ethnic group in United States history. (
  • As a literary scholar and cultural historian who has spent a lifetime searching out African Americans' lost, forgotten and otherwise unheralded tales, I was honored to serve as a historical consultant on Steve McQueen's 12 Years a Slave, most certainly one of the most vivid and authentic portrayals of slavery ever captured in a feature film. (
  • The tableau was super-deliberate: The home turf of the Great Emancipator of Civil War and slavery days as launch pad for the highest-flying African-American White House candidacy yet. (
  • Rebellion: John Horse and the Black Seminoles, the first black rebels to beat American slavery, tells the story of an epic quest for freedom that changed American history. (
  • The Black Seminoles helped shape American politics toward slavery, inspired the emancipation movement, and led the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, which historians have overlooked for 167 years. (
  • They are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where the African American population has ballooned by 64% since 2000. (
  • The African American population here has ballooned by 64% since 2000. (
  • The Pluralism Project at Harvard University [1] Twenty-four percent of American Muslims are black, according to American Muslim Council's Zogby poll of August 2000. (
  • In addition, we added a fourth category, demographic trends, measuring the change in the African-American population from 2000 to 2013 in these metro areas, to judge how the community is "voting with its feet. (
  • Since 2000, when the Census registered the first increase in the region's black population in more than a century, this trend has accelerated, with African-Americans leaving not just the Northeast or Midwest, but the West Coast as well. (
  • In the 2000 Census, 509 South African Americans reported their ethnic origins as Zulu. (
  • In 2018, African American/Black adult and adolescent men accounted for 39% of new HIV diagnoses among men in the United States and dependent areas. (
  • Among African American/Black adult and adolescent women in the United States and dependent areas, most (92%) new HIV diagnoses were attributed to heterosexual contact in 2018. (
  • Additionally, Fellows give back to their American host communities: from 2016 to 2018, Fellows contributed 30,000 hours of community service to organizations across the country. (
  • While the term "African American" has been used to classify a single ethnic/racial group, it includes members from a number of ethnic groups from around the world including the Caribbean, various countries in South and Central America, and Africa. (
  • The majority were brought into the colony from Africa and the Caribbean. (
  • sometimes one would like to stress their heritage - Caribbean, African, etc. (
  • However, there are people who have immigrated in the past several years to the United States from the Caribbean Islands, Brazil or from East Africa (slaves where brought in from West Africa). (
  • An examination of the culture of peoples in Africa, America, and the Caribbean in a comprehensive and structurally integrated manner. (
  • The use of the term "African Canadian," a similar politically correct attempt at labeling Canadians of African or Caribbean origin, is largely rejected in favor of the term "Black Canadian. (
  • Those in the Caribbean have significantly higher incidences (28 percent), while African Americans have even higher incidences (34 percent). (
  • One course focused on Africa and one course on African America (including the Caribbean) must be among the eight elective courses. (
  • That means we compare and contrast the experiences of African-descended people in the United States with those who have similar histories elsewhere in the world-in Africa itself, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and Europe. (
  • Immigrants from some Caribbean, Central American, and South American nations and their descendants may or may not also self-identify with the term. (
  • Of an estimated 10 million Africans brought to the Americas by the slave trade , about 430,000 came to the territory of what is now the United States. (
  • African slaves stage a rebellion in Hispaniola. (
  • The first slaves directly from Africa arrive in the Brazilian city of Salvador. (
  • African Americans are largely the descendants of slaves-people who were brought from their African homelands by force to work in the New World. (
  • The majority of our ancestors,were taken as slaves anywhere from Senegal to Angola and a very tiny % from East Africa as well. (
  • The three sizes of Colono Ware bowls are confirmation that the diet of the slaves remained relatively African. (
  • The slaves probably also consumed their food in a traditionally African manner. (
  • The first African Americans to enter South Texas came with Spanish explorers, and thousands more came later as slaves from the United States, in the tow of Anglo owners. (
  • By the mid-eighteenth century, Africans had already been taken to the Americas as slaves for approximately two centuries. (
  • Slaves coming from Africa brought virtually nothing with them in the way of possessions, but they did bring religious beliefs. (
  • This context, combined with their position as slaves in a new world, composed the vantage point from which Africans understood and related to Christianity. (
  • Slaves born in the Americas, though, generally did not possess direct and unimpeded or unchallenged exposure to the African religious heritage, Africans and African Americans nonetheless had to grapple with the challenges presented by Christianity from similar, but not identical frames of reference. (
  • Did African-American Slaves Rebel? (
  • Some even compare enslaved Americans to their brothers and sisters in Brazil, Cuba, Suriname and Haiti, the last of whom defeated the most powerful army in the world, Napoleon's army, becoming the first slaves in history to successfully strike a blow for their own freedom. (
  • Over 3,600 Free African Americans owned slaves in 1830. (
  • The first African slaves arrived via Santo Domingo to the San Miguel de Gualdape colony (most likely located in the Winyah Bay area of present-day South Carolina), founded by Spanish explorer Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526. (
  • The ill-fated colony was almost immediately disrupted by a fight over leadership, during which the slaves revolted and fled the colony to seek refuge among local Native Americans. (
  • African Americans , one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States . (
  • Development of a racial and ethnic identity scale for African American adolescents: The survey of black life. (
  • Toward the development of an ethnic identity measure for African American youth. (
  • Many Cubans still locate their origins in specific African ethnic groups or regions, particularly Yoruba and Congo, but also Arar , Carabal , Mandingo, Fula and others. (
  • A new paper on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the African-American community shows that despite recent drops in HIV diagnoses across every population in the US, there are still great disparities between ethnic groups. (
  • AFAM courses are exciting, challenging and offer students (from all racial and ethnic backgrounds) the opportunity to hear and discuss important content, essential to Africa and the African American experience, in a constructive learning environment. (
  • African American is a politically correct term some use to describe the ethnic background of Americans with African ancestry. (
  • African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. (
  • The Commission to Build a Healthier America examines causes of racial and ethnic health disparities, and interventions showing a promising impact. (
  • The San Francisco-based group Be'chol Lashon, which means "In Every Tongue," has been working to persuade Jews to break through the racial divisions that have alienated African-American, African and other ethnic minority Jews from the larger community. (
  • Nigeria's bishops called on the international community to help the West African country in its fight against ethnic insecurity and terrorist groups such as Boko Haram. (
  • Millions of Americans of all races, colors and ethnic groups are celebrating Barack Obama's presidential victory. (
  • [ 3 ] This may be attributed to the fact that the adrenergic nervous system is not as critical in mediating blood pressure in African Americans as it is in other ethnic groups. (
  • African Americans constitute the third largest ethnic group and the second largest racial group in the US, after White Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans. (
  • Black and African Americans form the third largest racial and ethnic group in the United States, behind White Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans. (
  • From education and exploration to baseball and poetry, African Americans have made great contributions to our state and nation throughout Missouri history. (
  • Other items should be categorized in African American history . (
  • Nevertheless, African Americans have made basic and lasting contributions to American history and culture . (
  • A discussion of the DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago, from the documentary Riches, Rivals & Radicals: 100 Years of Museums in America . (
  • Before the Mayflower: A history of Black America. (
  • In honor of Black History Month, the fourth graders at our school participate in an African American Wax Museum every year. (
  • In mid-January, fourth grade students are given a list of African Americans (both past and present) who were important figures in history or who have made a positive difference in our world. (
  • The Official Tourism Website of the Commonwealth of Virginia has prepared a nice history of African-Americans in Virginia . (
  • In his new four-hour series, BLACK AMERICA SINCE MLK: AND STILL I RISE, Henry Louis Gates, Jr. embarks on a deeply personal journey through the last fifty years of African American history. (
  • Feb 01, 2021 · The theme of Black History Month 2021 is 'The Black Family: Representation, Identity, and Diversity,' chosen by the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. (
  • Asante, professor in the African American Studies program at Temple University, has written a volume in which he attempts to distill his work on the history of African Americans into a list of the 100 greatest people in that history--a difficult task to be sure, and one that can lead to arguments over the choices. (
  • Feb 24, 2011 · African Americans have made a significant impact on Ohio and U.S. history. (
  • Dear Xanne, African American is indeed a term unique to the United States and to its unique history of opression. (
  • As an African-American and a former schoolteacher, Reeves is keenly aware of the history of racism in health care, including callous and sometimes deadly experimentation. (
  • The history, philosophic and pedagogical basis, methodology, and relevance of African American Studies within a liberal arts education. (
  • An introduction to the entire field of Black history, both in Africa and the New World. (
  • History and Sociology of Black music, with main emphasis on important and dynamic forms, styles and concepts that have formed the core of Afro-American music culture. (
  • Prize Will Honor Non-Fiction Literature Celebrating African American History, Culture. (
  • The National Register of Historic Places is pleased to promote awareness of and appreciation for the historical accomplishments of African Americans during African American History Month. (
  • As part of the celebration, this site showcases historic properties listed in the National Register, National Register publications , and National Park units commemorating the events and people, the designs and achievements that help illustrate African American contributions to American history. (
  • ISBN 0-471-14345-6) describes more than 800 properties in 42 States and 2 U.S. Territories listed in the National Register of Historic Places that have played a role in African American history. (
  • TwHP has five ready-to-use lesson plans, available for free downloading, that examine different aspects of African American history. (
  • In observance of African American History Month in February, the USA Science & Engineering Festival recognizes the accomplishments of African American pioneers and the important role they have played in paving the way for modern-day African American STEM leaders and innovators including Festival X-STEM and Nifty Fifty Speakers. (
  • The essays in African Americans in South Texas History give insight into this fascinating history. (
  • African American history and Texas history have been intertwined since the first Africans and Europeans arrived in this part of the world. (
  • It is these words that have led to the special attention directed towards African American history in this nation. (
  • The African and African American Studies (AAAS) Program offers a multidisciplinary program designed to provide students with a critical understanding of the history, art and cultures, economics, politics and social organization of the African diaspora. (
  • It's obvious what Gates hopes to achieve, leveraging the celebrity of those he profiles to spray a new sheen on grainy photographs that kids might otherwise dismiss as dry old African-American history, more than 30 years after Alex Haley unearthed the drama in his own family tree. (
  • A brief history of the African American coal mining experience in America, identification of associated coal towns/camps, database of individual miners, links to related sites, and listings of related offline material. (
  • Founded in 1969, we have a long history of focused study and deep commitment with all aspects of African American Experiences as well as broader American experiences as they intersect with issues of race, culture, immigration and politics. (
  • This book is a must read for anyone wanting to learn about African American history, Military history, and most of all US history. (
  • American History: Americans of African Descent, is a black history book that educates the reader. (
  • This narrative historical anthology encapsulates the Afrocentric American experience from the beginning of human history until the beginning of the 21st century. (
  • African American Studies validates that African American Studies is a unique and significant discipline-one that intersects almost every academic discipline and cultural construct-and confirms that the discipline has a noteworthy history and a challenging future. (
  • But what is often left out of many survey courses is the second Middle Passage, and that dark chapter in American history involved far more black people than were taken from Africa to the United States. (
  • and social policies designed to bring back the God-given patriarchal family structure of that apex of American history, the 1950s. (
  • You will find the most success researching African American ancestors if you begin with yourself, and follow oral history as well as historical records such as birth, marriage, and death certificates to document the previous generations. (
  • American History Illustrated FHL 973 B2ahi vol.9 June 1974 pg 12. (
  • In researching his family history, the author discovered many African American families whose freedom had been established from the first or second generation after arrival families that had lived and worked in America for over 200 years BEFORE the Civil War. (
  • Early African and Jewish American history information. (
  • Overview of the shared history of Native Americans and African Americans that includes bibliography of research and genealogical resources. (
  • African-American history began in the 17th century, with Africans from West Africa being sold to European slave traders and transported across the Atlantic to the Thirteen Colonies. (
  • The researchers also examined if, within the majority of these IBD genetic loci, there are genetic variations that are of particular risk for causing IBD in African-Americans that are distinct from those identified in whites. (
  • The study revealed that in African-Americans, as in whites and Asians, the dominant region for ulcerative colitis genetic risk in is the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region, a region that is a major determinant of immune regulation and risks for other immune diseases, like celiac disease and type 1 diabetes. (
  • African-Americans suffer from these cognitive impairments at two to three times the rate of non-Hispanic whites, yet they are less likely to take part in research. (
  • At issue is Cain's frontal assault on an idea that has bound the black community together politically for decades: He has largely repudiated the assertion that institutional racism continues to play a key role in why African-Americans lag far behind whites on nearly every economic and academic measure. (
  • Online African-Americans are proportionally more likely than online whites to have searched for information about major life issues such as researching new jobs and finding places to live. (
  • More than online whites, online African-Americans are likely to say that the Internet helps them get health care information and pursue their hobbies. (
  • 45% of online African-Americans say the Internet helps them get health care information, compared to 35% of whites who say that. (
  • 57% of online African-Americans say the Internet helps them pursue their hobbies, compared to 50% of whites who say that. (
  • The gap in access between African-Americans and whites is closing, but African-Americans still do not have the same level of access to the Internet as whites. (
  • African-Americans with access to the Internet do not go online as often on a typical day as whites do. (
  • 50% of whites now have Internet access, compared to 36% of African-Americans. (
  • 36% of African-Americans with Internet access go online on a typical day, compared to 56% of whites. (
  • Furthermore, it is also an unfortunate reality that African Americans suffer from inferior access to care compared to whites across health care. (
  • The unemployment rate for African-Americans stood at 10.4% in December, more than twice that of whites, as it has been for most of the past 40 years . (
  • African Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have nonblack ancestors as well. (
  • Societies dedicated to African American genealogy, such as the Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, Inc. , include local chapters in Virginia that offer many resources to help people with black ancestry. (
  • Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. examines the Virginia ancestry of several prominent African Americans living today. (
  • A large majority of those living on the island thus affirm having a majority of African ancestry. (
  • This work, published in England where British societal leaders received and entertained Wheatley, includes affidavits affirming that Wheatley was a woman of unmixed African ancestry. (
  • In previous work, Rotimi, director of the National Human Genome Center at Howard University, has found that hypertension rates vary widely in populations with African ancestry, depending on where such people now live. (
  • On average, African Americans are of West/Central African and European descent, and some also have Native American ancestry. (
  • South African Americans are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from South Africa. (
  • Aug 05, 2020 · Several famous actors, musicians, and athletes were born in Africa . (
  • Cite this: For Urban-Based African Americans, Proximity to a Dermatologist Varies by ZIP Code - Medscape - Jun 24, 2020. (
  • 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Archived 2020-02-14 at Glanville, Elizabeth (August 23, 2012). (
  • The first shipload of enslaved Africans directly from Africa arrives in the West Indies. (
  • Others (like Colin Powell ) were twentieth century immigrants from the West Indies or Africa. (
  • Questia compiled this list based on the most-read African-American authors in their library (a list of most influential African-American authors might also include fellow Omahan, Malcolm X , the Reverend Martin Luther King , Eldridge Cleaver , Angela Davis , and President Barack Obama ). (
  • Barack Obama has over night changed the African mindset and "yes, we can" is echoed by everyone, in casual conversation with a taxi driver, woven into speeches by business people at meetings, ads for products or events in the newspapers, and even by government ministers. (
  • But then again, sadly, African-Americans can't see beyond their racial identification with Barack Obama, and the familiar hell of the Democratic Party "plantation" that offers them the fool's gold of material sustenance while robbing them of the priceless asset of self-reliance. (
  • In 2008, Barack Obama became the first African American to be elected President of the United States. (
  • As Americans of African descent reached each new plateau in their struggle for equality, they reevaluated their identity. (
  • From 1472 to the present, this timeline outlines the stuggle for freedom and equal rights for Americans of African descent and people of color in the United States. (
  • President Washington brought nine enslaved persons of African descent to work in the "White House. (
  • During the 20th century, African Americans from Missouri made many cultural contributions. (
  • An introductory survey of the Afro-American novel from the Clotel of the early 19th century up to Roos in the 20th century. (
  • Africa in the 20th Century (3 s.h. (
  • Throughout much of the 20th century, millions of African Americans left the South to escape racial discrimination, oppression and lack of opportunity, says demographer Jessica Barron of the Frontline Solutions consulting firm in Durham, N.C. They headed toward industrial cities such as Chicago, Detroit and New York for work. (
  • In the first half of the 20th century, African-Americans fled the former Confederate states for economic opportunity, to escape from institutional racism and, sometimes, for their lives. (
  • If an image includes a non-celebrity African American of unknown profession (people at a beach or walking down the street, for example), that image should go into African American men , African American women , African American children , or African American families . (
  • Jamaican's and other people of the African Diaspora are Black meaning of African decent. (
  • Some of these famous African people relocated to the U.S. or UK as children, while others remained in Africa throughout their careers. (
  • In the United States, Black people like to be refered to as African Americans. (
  • African American actually refers to people in the United States who are descendants of the slave community. (
  • They are considered 'African American' because their skin is darker, but actually do not share the heritage of those people like, say, Jesse Jackson. (
  • An introductory course in the understanding, reading and speaking of Hausa, a language spoken by more than 70 million people in West Africa. (
  • Adults of the west African Baka people and east African Efé and Sua peoples average less than five feet tall. (
  • Anburey, like Bolzius, attributed little self-sufficiency to enslaved people and both of their comments reflect the prevailing European beliefs and attitudes towards Africans. (
  • The term African American generally denotes descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. (
  • In the African American community, many people misunderstand what a mental health condition is and don't talk about this topic. (
  • I think most African-Americans see the Herman Cain phenomenon as 'weird white people acting up. (
  • Urban ZIP codes with higher percentages of African American people tend to have fewer dermatologists. (
  • Next, they ordered these ZIP codes from low to high concentrations of African American people. (
  • The researchers found that ZIP codes with high percentage of African American people have an average of 1.02 dermatologists (1 per 39,367 people), which is below the recommended limit of 1 per 25,000 people. (
  • Meanwhile, ZIP codes with a low percentage of African American people averaged 2.84 dermatologists (1 per 14,000 people), which is above the adequate limit. (
  • To map the genetic diversity of Africans, Sarah Tishkoff of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and her team studied about 2400 people from all across Africa, documenting the variation in 1327 genetic markers spread across the genome . (
  • The report, issued by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People civil rights group and the Clean Air Task Force, said more than a million African-Americans live within half a mile (0.8 km) of an oil and gas operation, and more than 6.7 million live in a county that is home to a refinery. (
  • These are people who are proud of being African-American and are absolutely proud of being Jews," Gordon said. (
  • But people in the United States ought to be paying attention to what is happening in Ivory Coast, if only because it illuminates a little-recognized connection between people here and people in Africa and other parts of the developing world: Too often, it is our garbage that ends up making them sick. (
  • We strive to understand how the political patterns and cultural responses of these various regions have created opportunities and disadvantages for African-descended people, and we also pay attention to the remarkable and complex ways those peoples-particularly in the United States-have managed to transform the cultural and social landscapes they have arrived in. (
  • The major religion for black people in America is not tribal. (
  • One of the most pernicious allegations made against the African-American people was that our slave ancestors were either exceptionally "docile" or "content and loyal," thus explaining their purported failure to rebel extensively. (
  • Unfortunately, an estimated 56% of all 'late testers' -- people who are diagnosed with AIDS within one year of an HIV diagnosis -- are African Americans. (
  • But half of all people with HIV who died in 2004 were black -- that's stark evidence that all too many African Americans don't get the health care they need. (
  • Less access to health care, later diagnosis and delayed treatment are widely viewed as the main reasons African Americans get sicker more quickly than white people with HIV. (
  • The term African American generally denotes descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States, while some recent black immigrants or their children may also come to identify as African-American or may identify differently. (
  • Most African Americans are descendants of enslaved people within the boundaries of the present United States. (
  • After the United States was founded in 1783, most black people continued to be enslaved, being mostly concentrated in the American South, with four million enslaved only liberated during and at the end of the Civil War in 1865. (
  • The vast majority of those who were enslaved and transported in the transatlantic slave trade were people from Central and West Africa, who had been captured by Europeans or sold by other West Africans, or by half-European "merchant princes" to European slave traders (with a small number being captured directly by the slave traders in coastal raids), who brought them to the Americas. (
  • As of 2012, there were approximately 80,000 people born in South Africa who were living in the United States (according to the OECD). (
  • As of 2019, there were approximately 85,000 people born in South Africa who were living in the United States. (
  • Many South African immigrants in the US are White people of European origin. (
  • African Americans are descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. (
  • African Americans, numbering about 39 million, are the second largest minority group in America (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008). (
  • According to U.S. Census Bureau data, African immigrants generally do not self-identify as African American. (
  • Find information about how these diseases affect African American/Black populations. (
  • Scholars have produced numerous studies on Reconstruction in Texas since the mid-twentieth century, but they have generally focused on regions in East Texas where African American populations were concentrated. (
  • That is, black populations in rural West Africa show a low rate of hypertension (7 percent). (
  • The team found that African Americans have a complex genetic heritage, with most individuals having links to multiple ancestral populations. (
  • Although β blockers are less effective antihypertensive agents in African Americans, there are clearly patient populations that benefit from β blocker therapy regardless of race. (
  • One area with many South Africans in the US is San Diego, California, while smaller populations reside elsewhere in the Western United States, including the Pacific Northwest. (
  • In the aftermath of the 2019 March for Life, dozens gathered at Emmanuel Church of God in Christ in Southeast D.C. Friday evening for the Sudden Uprising conference to speak out against abortion and to call for an end to federal birth control and contraceptive funding that they argue has helped reduce the African-American. (
  • These Africans flee the colony, however, and make their homes with local Indians. (
  • Afro-American was adopted by civil rights activists to underline pride in their ancestral homeland, but black -the symbol of power and revolution-proved more popular. (
  • Currently "black" and "African American" are in favor, and "Afro-American" and "Negro" are out of favor. (
  • Bishop Bartolome de Las Casas petitions Spain to allow the importation of twelve enslaved Africans for each household immigrating to America's Spanish colonies. (
  • We decided to look into which of America's 52 largest metropolitan areas present African-Americans with the best opportunities. (
  • For Love of Liberty: The Story of America's Black Patriots is a PBS documentary that details the military contributions of African Americans from the Revolutionary War to the present. (
  • Current representation of African Americans in some of corporate America's top positions and as owners of technology companies reflect current trends in society and is a step toward closing the racial gap. (
  • King Charles I of Spain grants the first licenses to import enslaved Africans to the Americas. (
  • Africans assisted the Spanish and the Portuguese during their early exploration of the Americas. (
  • A 1999 course by Elias Bongmba and Mary Ann Clark at Rice University surveys " the transplantation and development of African religions in the Americas. (
  • While the Howard University study is aiming to determine the reasons for the disproportionately high incidence of obesity in African Americas, he warns that the public can misinterpret it as, for example, a hunt for a "black obesity gene. (
  • Although scholars debate the degree to which African religious culture survived in the Americas, its influence impacted the development of African American religion. (
  • But although Christianity was not unknown to all Africans as they began to encounter it in the Americas, they now engaged it from the standpoint of minorities brought forcefully to a new land and possessing little social and political power. (
  • Since you're a frequent reader of our website, we want to be able to share even more great America content with you and let you know about more ways to get involved with our media ministry. (
  • for example, African Americans face higher morbidity and mortality from melanoma , compared to their white counterparts. (
  • Heart failure remains a major health problem in the United States and is particularly problematic in the African American community where the disease exhibits excessive morbidity and mortality. (
  • [ 2 , 3 ] The reason for the worse morbidity and mortality in African American heart failure patients is unclear, thus begetting the question of whether heart failure in African Americans is truly a distinct clinical entity. (
  • Prior to this time, Africans were brought first to Europe. (
  • By the 1660s large numbers of Africans were being brought to the English colonies. (
  • In Canada, too, many Canadians describe themselves as 'Black Canadians' and given the immigration from the Caribbeans, not all are directly descendants of Africans brought to Canada. (
  • While the sun design carved on the body may have African origins, the polygonal shape, wood top (instead of a skin), and carved head pegbox lie outside the traditions of banjos brought to America by Africans. (
  • Approximately 75 African American men were hired at the Portland Hotel, and the completion of transcontinental rail lines brought African American railroad workers to Portland. (
  • The Body brought together a distinguished panel of HIV specialists who not only treat many African Americans with HIV, but who also conduct research and are advocates for their patients. (
  • As many Virginian settlers began to die from harsh conditions, more and more Africans were brought to work as laborers. (
  • It is not enough to just recognize the awesomeness of the contributions made by African Americans to build and sustain the well being of this country and its allies. (
  • The following resources are available on that enhance our understanding of African-American contributions to the American story. (
  • Some "African Americans" are recent arrivals while others have had ancestors who have been in America since before the Mayflower (Bennett, 1962). (
  • The year I was born, 1962, America was undergoing great social change. (
  • An African from Hernando de Soto's Expedition into the Lower Mississippi River valley decides to remain behind to make his home among the Native Americans there. (
  • They raised families, married other Africans and sometimes intermarried with Native Americans or European settlers. (
  • Professor Bartolome de Albornoz of the University of Mexico writes against the enslavement and sale of Africans. (
  • Equiano recounts his childhood in Africa until his capture and enslavement, his subsequent sale to European traders, the horrors of the middle passage, his bondage in the United States, and his life on board British merchant vessels from 1758 to 1788--first as a slave and later for hire. (
  • Every year I set aside time in the beginning of the month of February to research and learn about famous African Americans from yesterday and today. (
  • This way every students learns about 10 or 11 famous African Americans. (
  • List and Biographies of famous African Americans. (
  • African farmers and artisans accompany Pedro Menendez de Aviles on the expedition that establishes the community of San Agustin (St. Augustine, Florida). (
  • The region's earliest reminders of a thriving African American community. (
  • A 1997 course by Katie Cannon at Temple University examines "the Black Women's Literary tradition to understand how it functions as a continuing symbolic expression and transformer of value patterns fashioned by the female members of the African American community" with a focus on ethical perspectives. (
  • A decade ago Laurencin and his team published a call for action paper that highlighted high numbers of HIV diagnoses in the African American community. (
  • This page focuses on how mental health affects the African American community so that you know how to find help. (
  • How Do Mental Health Conditions Affect the African American Community? (
  • In the African American community, family, community and spiritual beliefs tend to be great sources of strength and support. (
  • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, NPR, and the Harvard School of Public Health recently conducted a national survey examining African-Americans' views on their personal and family lives, community, experiences of discrimination, and financial situations. (
  • Over one-quarter (26%) of African Americans listed crime as the most important issue facing their community. (
  • It was not, however, until the post-Revolutionary period that Christianity began to become a significant factor in the African American community. (
  • By 1815 it was a dominant religious force, and by 1830 African American churches had established firm institutional foundations in the community. (
  • Estimates of the number of American Jews and the makeup of the community vary. (
  • The Northwest African American Museum is a vibrant community gathering place, a place where youth, adults and families can honor the past and articulate the future. (
  • The Central Area is the historic heart of Seattle's African-American community. (
  • At the end of the 19th century, new employment opportunities in Portland and growing antiblack sentiments elsewhere spurred the growth of Portland's African American community. (
  • The war boom, coupled with the tragic Vanport flood, forever changed Portland's urban landscape and reshaped the socioeconomic realities of Portland's African American community. (
  • 2013-03-26T13:01:39-04:00 Bob Johnson, formerly the founder and chairman of Black Entertainment Television (BET), spoke about on the economic challenges and wealth disparity facing the African American community. (
  • He shared the results of a Zogby survey recently commissioned by his current company to gauge sentiments of the African-American community on the current state of political, economic, and social affairs. (
  • Bob Johnson, formerly the founder and chairman of Black Entertainment Television (BET), spoke about on the economic challenges and wealth disparity facing the African American community. (
  • AARP Georgia is designing health programs and working with other groups to focus on the underserved African American community. (
  • I wanted to provide a set of outdoor role models for the nation's African American community. (
  • Join the Facebook African American Genealogy Research Community. (
  • South African-born population in the US since 2010: Indaba ("discussion" in Zulu) is an example of an organization set up by South Africans to promote community involvement. (
  • However, the specific variant associated with African-Americans in this region is the same as the variant most highly associated with Japanese and Korean ulcerative colitis, and to a lesser degree ulcerative colitis in Europeans. (
  • Tim Scott of South Carolina and Jerry Moran of Kansas have an African-American chief of staff. (
  • Help yourself and others find their African American ancestors by participating in the Discover Freedmen Indexing Project . (
  • See Finding Records for Your Ancestors, Part A-African American 1870 to Present . (
  • There were also a large number of South African immigrants that went to the US. (
  • The majority of these immigrants are English speaking, with a moderate proportion of these being South African Jews. (
  • On Dec. 1, Columbia University's Board of Trustees announced it will develop a new Department of African-American and African Diaspora Studies. (
  • The new department will also establish a Ph.D. program in the field of African-American and African Diaspora Studies to produce extra innovative scholarship. (
  • Columbia Senate Approves African-American and African Diaspora Studies Department The University Senate at Columbia University has unanimously voted to establish a department of African-American and African Diaspora studies, according to the Columbia Daily Spectator. (
  • African Diaspora Studies, African Studies, or African American Studies. (
  • Minors (especially African Diaspora minors) are encouraged to elect at least one diaspora course, which may be substituted for either area requirement. (
  • Joyce Hope Scott is a Clinical Professor of African American Studies at Boston University, Boston and national and international scholar/lecturer in African American and Diaspora studies. (
  • Explore beautifully restored historic sites, where everyone can learn about the richness and diversity of the American experience. (
  • There has been a surge of interest and excitement among some black Americans, especially black women, who are inspired by Meghan Markle's new-found status, said Sarah Gaither, a Duke University psychology professor who has focused on diversity issues and race relations. (
  • Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine this month published in the journal Gastroenterology the first major, in-depth analysis of genetic risk factors of inflammatory bowel disease in African-Americans. (
  • Identifying specific regions of the African-American genome that arise separately from the ancestral West African versus the ancestral European genome that are responsible for a portion of the genetic risk of IBD in the African-American population, the researchers found evidence for regions on four of the 22 autosomal (nonsex-linked) chromosomes as causative for IBD. (
  • However, a few researchers wonder if HIV disease actually develops faster in African Americans. (
  • Researchers are looking at whether HIV infection is much more aggressive in African Americans than in others,' nurse practitioner Bethsheba Johnson says. (
  • Unknown Old African American Photographs to be identified by researchers and family historians. (
  • This means that predominantly African American urban communities may face consequences of low provider availability including longer waits times, decreased diagnosis of skin cancer, and worse health care outcomes. (
  • Enslaved Africans are used as laborers in Puerto Rico, Cuba and Mexico. (
  • Africa World Press, 2002. (
  • Although the vast majority of Africans adhered to a variety of traditional religions, a few had embraced Christianity and Islam while still in Africa. (
  • To those Africans who had no knowledge of Christianity, it represented a new and strange religion. (
  • While relatively few African Americans had converted to Christianity, these numbers were beginning to increase by the mid-eighteenth century and would accelerate through the early part of the next. (
  • Whereas Christianity adhered to monotheism, West African religions placed the High God within a web of lesser gods and spirits. (
  • The colonial period, particularly during its latter years, produced the initial developments toward an African American Christianity. (
  • Others, particularly those born in America, began to embrace Christianity in varying degrees. (
  • An African American Christianity distinct from, but intimately related to, that of white Christianity eventually emerged. (
  • Initially, conversion rates to Christianity were low, but as evangelicalism began to proliferate after 1740, so too did African American converts. (
  • The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives , included 1,548 African American women participating in research to learn more about the development of uterine fibroids, a condition that disproportionately affects African American women. (
  • Recent years have seen a steady increase in reported cases of IBD in African-Americans. (
  • One of the most celebrated of early black writers, African-born Phillis Wheatley was captured when she was about eight years old and sold to the Wheatley family in Boston as a household servant. (
  • It may have hidden in the ocean for millions of years, but life today poses numerous challenges for the West Indian Ocean coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae), the "living fossil" fish that was famously rediscovered off the coast of South Africa in 1938. (
  • Fifteen years ago about 140,000 giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) roamed the plains and forests of Africa. (
  • Tenor saxophonist and American jazz pioneer John Coltrane lived here from 1952 until two years before his death in 1967. (
  • Where African-Americans took a significant step back in recent years was in household wealth, which plunged 31% during the recession, including a steep 35% decline in their retirement assets, which the Urban Institute suggests was partially due to the unemployed drawing down savings to cover living expenses. (
  • For 26 years, Seattle's African-American Writers' Alliance has held a reading at The Elliott Bay Book Company on the last Saturday in February. (
  • Commodity prices, particularly coffee, have been strong all year, although the recent declines will have a major impact on their ability to maintain GDP growth rates of 6 to 9% - which has been common in much of Africa in the past few years. (
  • Fifty years later, the recruitment of defense workers increased the population of African Americans nearly tenfold. (
  • Many African Americans with HIV are leading healthy, happy lives many years after their diagnosis. (
  • The first African settlers in the U.S. were indentured servants in Jamestown, Va., in 1619 (before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock) and freed after 7 years. (
  • Looking toward the future, it will be important to incentivize the development of practice locations in urban African American communities to combat the health disparities of our most underserved patients. (
  • Many White South Africans, both before and after the end of apartheid, emigrated to Midwestern states such as Minnesota and Illinois. (
  • 1870: New Orleans, Louisiana has 177 African-American officers, and three of five police board members were African American . (
  • The toxic waste has spread to the large lagoon that divides this city of 5 million-once known as "the Paris of West Africa"-and may have contaminated drinking water and surrounding farm land as well. (
  • because it was an exciting place for African - American culture 10. (
  • The tribute will highlight milestones such as the 50th anniversary of the Voting Rights Act, and the 35th anniversary of network BET. It will feature influential industry pioneers sharing television moments that impacted American culture and spurred social progress. (
  • Indeed, the early representations of African Americans , as in Chick Thieves (1905) and the Edison shorts The Gator and a Pickanninny (1903), in which a fake alligator devours a black child, and The Watermelon Contest (1908), relied on staid and pervasive stereotypes common in literature, vaudeville, minstrel shows, and the culture in general. (
  • Hollywood rarely, if ever, offered depictions of African American life and culture with humanity, and as a response, many African American entrepreneurs ventured into filmmaking to "correct" the negative images. (
  • When you register, you'll get unlimited access to our website and a free subscription to our email newsletter for daily updates with a smart, Catholic take on faith and culture from America . (
  • A review of the results from contested states in the 2016 presidential election proves African Americans decision to trust Donald Trump led to his election. (
  • There he worked with African American heroes including mathematician Katherine Johnson , later featured in the 2016 film Hidden Figures , and astronaut Charles Bolden, who encouraged him to apply to be an astronaut. (
  • These are things that growing up I never would have thought that we would see," Brown, 33, said, referring to a woman with African-American heritage becoming a royal in the United Kingdom. (
  • But in a nod to the bride's heritage, the Seattle women will lace their hats with African prints. (
  • The majority of overseas South Africans live in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, countries with similar cultural and linguistic heritage to many South Africans, as well as similar climates and latitude positioning. (
  • Such African cities as Djenné and Timbuktu, both now in Mali, were at one time major commercial and educational centres. (
  • African American research in Virginia can be divided into two general time periods - before and after the Civil War . (
  • More than three and a half million African-American adults have gone online for the first time in the past year. (
  • 48% of all African-American Internet users have gone online for the first time in the past year. (
  • This is also well above the of 28% average growth in the African-American population in the nation's 52 biggest metro areas during the same time. (
  • Beginning in the 1760s, the Baptist and Methodist movements reached out to African Americans in tangible ways, as did the Moravian Brethren at about the same time. (
  • The secret to survival for humans is in Africa if there is time. (
  • And Ashe accomplished all of this during a time when African Americans were still being hanged in the South, Melvin said. (
  • All the embassies I came in contact with stayed open all election night with food and drink and TV watching for the hundreds they invited - many stayed from 8pm (Africa time 12pmEST) until 7am or 8am when the full results were known. (
  • Students explore the innovative scholarship within the field of African and African American Studies while integrating theoretical perspectives and methodologies from various disciplines. (
  • In the 19th century, savvy American saloon-owners offered free lunches to attract noontime patrons. (
  • Rotimi and Michael Christman , a geneticist at Boston University School of Medicine, plan to sample the DNA of 1,500 African Americans in the Washington, D.C. area. (
  • Here's a look at some African Americans Meetups happening near Cambridge. (
  • Students immerse themselves in the experiences and accomplishments of extraordinary African Americans by speaking as them in first person. (
  • What a difference I saw from the attitudes when I was last there six or twelve months ago: no heavy debates, but constructive dialogue about America resuming the role in leading the world in dialogue on the impact of the current financial crisis on their lives and when the impact would trickle down, which they fully expect, and share the hope that somehow Obama will be a savior. (
  • While some African Americans chose this option, the vast majority felt themselves to be Americans and focused their efforts on achieving equality within the United States. (
  • This autobiography is one of the few personal accounts by an African of his experiences as a victim of the slave trade and as a slave. (
  • Thanks to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis and David Richardson, we know that about 388,000 Africans were transported directly to the United States over the course of the slave trade, which ended officially in 1808. (
  • Critique of African world-voice by examining Pan Africanism, Negritude, and African Nationalism. (
  • At the end of World War II , African Americans were poised to make far-reaching demands to end racism . (
  • Documenting African-American doctors in Alabama before World War II. (
  • The Revolutionary War, War of 1812, The Civil War, The Spanish American War and World War I. This is one of the first books ever to display the heroics of the men and women who fought especially during World War I. Many of the men displayed in this book were honored by the French for their heroism. (
  • This is considered to be one of the first civil rights books as it demonstrated how the African American military officers offered the services of their units to the Wilson Adminstration for special duties in different parts of the world. (
  • As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important America 's voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. (
  • Sadly, this agony was once common to millions of African-Americans, whose stories often went untold or unheard, let alone published and read by the world. (
  • and Abuja, Nigeria where I have spent the past week immediately following Election Day in the U.S. I have interacted with Africans from many nations, regions, tribes and allegiances during this period and clearly Africa is like a new world again, and America is its friend. (
  • African Americans in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed. (
  • Reports of job discrimination against African Americans are correlated with darker complexion, higher education, immigrant status, and young age. (
  • and on the African-American and immigrant traditions of Islam. (
  • The degree to which the promise of America for fair play, equal opportunity, and social mobility rises and falls on the degree to which this promise is true for African Americans and other immigrant peoples. (
  • An introductory course in the understanding, reading, and speaking of Yoruba, an African language which has had a major impact on the African cultures of Brazil, Haiti, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the United States. (
  • List of the missing, dead and wounded Buffalo soldiers of the 10th United Stated Cavalry taken from the reports of officers following the action on San Juan Hill, Cuba during the Spanish American War. (
  • The city, which in the 1960s advertised itself as "the city too busy to hate," has long lured ambitious African-Americans. (
  • The civil rights legislation in the 1960s ended legalized racial segregation and gave African Americans voting rights. (