Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
Sexual activities of humans.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The use of faith and spirit to cure disease.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Cultural contacts between people of different races.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A nursing specialty created to answer the need for developing a global perspective in the practice of nursing in a world of interdependent nations and people. The focus of this nursing discipline is on the integration of international and transcultural content into the training. Courses include study in the area of cultural differences, nursing in other countries, and international health issues and organizations, as an example.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The status of health in urban populations.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
An insect-borne reovirus infection of horses, mules and donkeys in Africa and the Middle East; characterized by pulmonary edema, cardiac involvement, and edema of the head and neck.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
A person's view of himself.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Hardening of the KIDNEY due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue (FIBROSIS), usually caused by renovascular diseases or chronic HYPERTENSION. Nephrosclerosis leads to renal ISCHEMIA.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A species of ORBIVIRUS that causes disease in horses, mules, and donkeys. Via its principal vector CULICOIDES, it can also infect dogs, elephants, camels, cattle, sheep, goats, and, in special circumstances, humans.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Female parents, human or animal.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The occupation concerned with the cutting and dressing of the hair of customers and, of men, the shaving and trimming of the beard and mustache. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (1/9421)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Harlem. (2/9421)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence, social correlates, and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a predominantly Black, poor, urban community. METHODS: Associations of risk factor prevalences with sociodemographic variables were examined in a population-based sample of 695 men and women aged 18 to 65 years living in Central Harlem. RESULTS: One third of the men and women were hypertensive, 48% of the men and 41% of the women were smokers, 25% of the men and 49% of the women were overweight, and 23% of the men and 35% of the women reported no leisure-time physical activity over the past month. More than 80% of the men and women had at least 1 of these risk factors, and 9% of the men and 19% of the women had 3 or more risk factors. Income and education were inversely related to hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity. Having 3 or more risk factors was associated with low income and low education (extreme odds ratio [OR] = 10.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0, 34.5 for education; OR = 3.7, CI = 1.6, 8.9 for income) and with a history of unstable work or of homelessness. CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged, urban communities are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. These results highlight the importance of socioenvironmental factors in shaping cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Evidence for a black-white crossover in all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality in an older population: the North Carolina EPESE. (3/9421)

OBJECTIVES: This cohort study evaluated racial differences in mortality among Blacks and Whites 65 years and older. METHODS: A total of 4136 men and women (1875 Whites and 2261 Blacks) living in North Carolina were interviewed in 1986 and followed up for mortality until 1994. Hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause and cause-specific mortality were calculated, with adjustment for sociodemographic and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. RESULTS: Black persons had higher mortality rates than Whites at young-old age (65-80 years) but had significantly lower mortality rates after age 80. Black persons age 80 or older had a significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR of Blacks vs Whites, 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62, 0.90) and of CHD mortality (HR 0.44: 95% CI = 0.30, 0.66). These differences were not observed for other causes of death. CONCLUSIONS: Racial differences in mortality are modified by age. This mortality crossover could be attributed to selective survival of the healthiest oldest Blacks or to other biomedical factors affecting longevity after age 80. Because the crossover was observed for CHD deaths only, age overreporting by Black older persons seems an unlikely explanation of the mortality differences.  (+info)

A critical approach to stress-related disorders in African Americans. (4/9421)

This article outlines an integrative, dynamic approach to stress and is, in part, a response to emergent debates within social science research and practice that suggest that African Americans are currently experiencing the reverberating psychological effects of slavery and oppression. It is the product of the work of an African-American mental health think tank situated at the Community Mental Health Council, Chicago, Illinois. We suggest the need to attend to biopsychosocial, environmental, and cultural factors that inform both exposure and responses to stress. Finally, consideration is given to matters of resiliency.  (+info)

Influence of maternal ethnicity on infant mortality in Chicago, 1989-1996. (5/9421)

This study compared infant mortality rates between large ethnic groups in Chicago from 1989-1996. Infant mortality information about ethnic groups was compared using data from annual reports published by the Epidemiology Program, Department of Public Health, City of Chicago and vital statistics documents in Illinois, which include information on ethnicity. Chi-squared analysis was used to evaluate the differences between the proportions. A P value of < .05 was considered significant. During the study period, there were 461,974 births and 6407 infant deaths in Chicago. African Americans contributed 212,924 (46.1%) births and 4387 (68.5%) deaths; Hispanics 132,787 (28.7%) births and 1166 (18.2%) deaths; and whites 99,532 (21.6%) births and 780 (12.2%) infant deaths. Compared with the other groups. African Americans suffered a twofold increased mortality (P < .00001) for five of the six most common causes of infant mortality. Deaths from congenital malformations, although significant, were not excessively increased among African Americans (P = .014). Hispanics demonstrated a higher mortality rate than whites (P = .01), especially for postnatal mortality and respiratory distress syndrome. These data confirm excessive infant mortality among African Americans. Further studies are needed to evaluate the apparent low mortality among some Hispanics compared with the other groups studied.  (+info)

HIV risk differences between African-American and white men who have sex with men. (6/9421)

African-American men who have sex with men remain at disproportionately greater risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. While high HIV seroincidence has been documented among homosexual African-American men, behavioral research has rarely studied the HIV risk issues confronting these men. This study assessed a sample of 253 men who have sex with men to determine if African-American (n = 79) and white (n = 174) men report different rates of HIV risk behaviors and differ in characteristics indicative of risk. African-American men who have sex with men were more likely to be HIV-seropositive, to report past treatment for gonorrhea and syphilis, and to have a recent unprotected sex partner known or believed to be HIV-seropositive. Multivariate analyses of covariance, controlling for group differences in age, education, and income, revealed that African-American men who have sex with men were less open about their sexual orientation, scored lower in HIV risk behavior knowledge, had more female sexual partners, and more frequently used cocaine in association with sex relative to white men who have sex with men. Human immunodeficiency virus prevention programs tailored to the needs and risk issues of African-American men who have sex with men are needed.  (+info)

Pterygium and its relationship to the dry eye in the Bantu. (7/9421)

A comparative study was performed on two groups of Bantus in Johannesburg to see if there was any relationship between the "dry eye" and pterygia, but no correlation was found.  (+info)

Plasma cortisol suppression response in the South African black population with glaucoma. (8/9421)

Plasma cortisol suppression was measured in 25 Black glaucomatous patients and in 19 Black patients of similar age and sex, but without glaucoma, who acted as controls. Initial serum cortisol levels were found to be slightly higher in the glaucomatous group. The response to systemically-administered cortisone was statistically more marked in the glaucomatous patients compared with the control group.  (+info)

New US study says money spent on prison system and war on drugs should go towards education. Mental health experts from Meharry Medical College School of Medicine have released the first comprehensive report on the correlation between the incarceration of African American males and substance abuse and other health problems in the United States. Published in Frontiers in Psychology on the 12th of November, the report looks at decades of data concerning the African American population rates of incarceration and subsequent health issues. The authors conclude that the moral and economic costs of current racial disparities in the judicial system are fundamentally avoidable, especially if more resources are spent on education and treatment.. Instead of getting health care and education from civil society, African American males are being funneled into the prison system. Much of this costly practice could be avoided in the long-term by transferring funds away from prisons and into education, says Dr. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and Correlates of Recent Vaginal Douching among African American Adolescent Females. AU - DiClemente, R. J.. AU - Young, A. M.. AU - Painter, J. L.. AU - Wingood, G. M.. AU - Rose, E.. AU - Sales, J. M.. PY - 2012/2/1. Y1 - 2012/2/1. N2 - Study Objective: To describe the prevalence and correlates of vaginal douching among urban African American adolescents and to examine the association between douching and sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. Design: Demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral data were collected through cross-sectional, self-administered surveys. Self-collected vaginal swabs were assayed using nucleic acid amplification tests for trichomoniasis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Setting: Sexual health clinic in a large metropolitan area of the southeastern United States. Participants: African American females (N = 701), ages 14-20, participating in a human immunodeficiency virus prevention intervention. Main Outcome Measure: The outcome of interest was ...
Objectives. Previous attempts at obtaining population estimates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 HIV-1 seroprevalence have been beset by problems of cooperation bias. As part of the fourth round of study with an urban African-American community cohort, the following investigation was aimed at assessing HIV-1 prevalence and the relative...
This mixed method study examines the effects of community college institutional factors on the academic achievement of African American males and their perceptions of their college experience. We found that African American men in comparison to other ethnic and gender sub-groups (for both the California community college system and at Inland Community College) are disproportionately underachieving in all segments of the academic outcomesmeasured. African American men throughout Californias community college system(including Inland Community College) are the lowest performing subgroup when one considers: percentage of degrees earned, persistence rates, and average cumulative grade pointaverage ...
Race Women Stepping Forward. Collison, Michele N-K // Black Issues in Higher Education;05/27/99, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p24 Discusses the role scholarship by black women can and must play in African American studies and beyond. Attempt by Black women scholars to rebuild the canon of African American studies to include a feminist perspective; Criticism of most African American studies departments; Factors that make... ...
This study is designed to assess the effect of exercise training on insulin resistance in African American males. African American males have higher rates of diabetes and lower levels of fitness when compared to Caucasian males. A project such as this is necessary because there is evidence to show that exercise training can reduce the risk of developing diabetes, though no studies have been conducted in African American males. In addition, ARTIIS will test the effect adhering to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity and 2 days of 20 minutes of muscular strength activity), on insulin resistance in African American men. This study will provide important information that can either strengthen or refine current physical activity recommendations. Furthermore, this intervention will be delivered through community facilities in order to increase the likelihood that the intervention will be sustainable ...
Achievement gaps between African American students and White students in onsite courses also exist in online courses (Rovai & Gallien, 2005; Rovai & Ponton, 2005; Xu & Jaggars, 2014), and gaps are often greater in online courses (Xu & Jaggars, 2014). Arroyo (2010) pointed to this issue by stating that, Contrary to those who tout online education as the great leveler in higher education with the promise of granting access to one and all, what we actually have is the recipe for a widened achievement gap (p. 38). Possible reasons why gaps between African American online students and White online students exist include differences in socio-economic status (Palmer et al., 2013), gaps in academic performance (Osborne, 2001), disparities in technology access (Fairlie, 2012a), lack of online technical support (Rovai & Gallien, 2005), and anxiety related to negative racial stereotyping (Osborne, 2001). Factors contributing to onsite academic success for African American males. Factors that helped ...
African American Studies: The Discipline and Its Dimensions is a comprehensive resource book that recounts the development of the discipline of African American Studies and provides a basic reference source for sixteen areas of knowledge of the discipline: anthropology, art, dance, economics, education, film, history, literature, music, philosophy, psychology, religion, sociology, political science, science and technology, sports and religion. African American Studies defines bodies of knowledge, methodologies, philosophies, disciplinary concepts, contents, scope, topics scholars have concerned themselves, as well as the growth, development, and present status of the discipline. African American Studies validates that African American Studies is a unique and significant discipline-one that intersects almost every academic discipline and cultural construct-and confirms that the discipline has a noteworthy history and a challenging future. The various bodies of knowledge, the philosophical ...
African American Studies: The Discipline and Its Dimensions is a comprehensive resource book that recounts the development of the discipline of African American Studies and provides a basic reference source for sixteen areas of knowledge of the discipline: anthropology, art, dance, economics, education, film, history, literature, music, philosophy, psychology, religion, sociology, political science, science and technology, sports and religion. African American Studies defines bodies of knowledge, methodologies, philosophies, disciplinary concepts, contents, scope, topics scholars have concerned themselves, as well as the growth, development, and present status of the discipline. African American Studies validates that African American Studies is a unique and significant discipline-one that intersects almost every academic discipline and cultural construct-and confirms that the discipline has a noteworthy history and a challenging future. The various bodies of knowledge, the philosophical ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolic Syndrome, Proteinuria, and the Risk of Progressive CKD in Hypertensive African Americans. AU - Lea, Janice. AU - Cheek, Deanna. AU - Thornley-Brown, Denise. AU - Appel, Lawrence. AU - Agodoa, Lawrence. AU - Contreras, Gabriel. AU - Gassman, Jennifer. AU - Lash, Jim. AU - Miller, Edgar R.. AU - Randall, Otelio. AU - Wang, Xuelei. AU - McClellan, William. PY - 2008/5/1. Y1 - 2008/5/1. N2 - Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is more likely to progress to kidney failure (end-stage renal disease) in African Americans, although the reasons for this are unclear. Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease and recently was linked to incident CKD. The purpose of this study is to examine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with kidney disease progression in hypertensive African Americans. Design & Participants: The current study design is a secondary analysis of the African-American Study of Hypertension and Kidney ...
A group-randomized controlled design to test the efficacy of the Project ÒRÉ intervention, a community-based adolescent social network HIV/STI intervention tailored to African American culture. Four community based organization sites (CBOs) will be randomly assigned to an experimental or attention control condition. In both conditions, sexually experienced African American adolescent females will recruit members of their friendship group for the five-hour program. In the experimental condition, the intervention group will receive the half-day Project ÒRÉ intervention. The attention control group will receive a standard health promotion control program which has been used previously with similar populations. All participants will complete pre-, post- and 3-month follow-up self-administered questionnaires. In the experimental condition, a subset of groups will participate in a process evaluation focus group immediately following the program ...
Hypertensive African Americans often respond poorly to beta-blocker monotherapy, compared with whites. There is evidence, however, that suggests that this response may be different if beta-blockers with vasodilating effects are used. This 12-week, multi-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study assessed the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol, a cardioselective, vasodilating beta1-blocker, at doses of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg once daily in 300 African American patients with stage I or II hypertension (mean sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] | or =95 mm Hg and | or =109 mm Hg). The primary efficacy end point was the baseline-adjusted change in trough mean SiDBP. After 12 weeks, nebivolol significantly reduced least squares mean SiDBP (P| or =.004) at all doses of 5 mg and higher and sitting systolic blood pressure (P| or =.044) at all doses 10 mg and higher, compared with placebo. The drug was safe and well-tolerated, with no significant difference in the incidence of
div class=citation vocab=,,i class=fa fa-external-link-square fa-fw,,/i, Data from ,span resource= typeof=Book,,span property=name,,a href=,AIDS and HIV infection in the African-American community : hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, September 16, 1994,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof=LibrarySystem resource=,,span property=name,,a property=url href=,Boston University ...
Grammy-nominated artist Mathieu Bittons work tells stories that range from the life of a rockstar, to depictions of everyday life in African-American communities. The images in his photo exhibition Darker Than Blue, on view at the Leica Gallery in…
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasian Americans and this discrepancy cannot be explained by measures of body weight or body composition. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity of African Americans and Caucasian Americans to glucocorticoids by measuring glucose and insulin responses to a meal challenge under conditions of placebo and glucocorticoid. A total of 160 healthy or overweight/obese African American and Caucasian American participants completed exercise testing and a liquid meal challenge during separate laboratory visits. Participants were evaluated following treatments with placebo and dexamethasone (4 mg). Main outcome measures were correlation between body composition measures (body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference) and insulin responses; insulin and glucose responses after a liquid meal challenge; and calculated HOMA. After dexamethasone treatment African Americans were significantly more hyperinsulinemic after a meal as indicated by
Sen. Gary Peters (D., Mich.) has done little community outreach to Detroits African-American community and previously hired few black staffers during his tenure, weakening his appeal to a crucial demographic in his Senate race against a black challenger, according to African-American community leaders.. Peters has rarely shown up in black communities during the last six years and historically hired few black staffers, according to Detroit community leaders. They say that the senators absence in the states African-American community has eroded his standing with a demographic that typically leans heavily Democratic. The lack of African-American enthusiasm particularly stings for Peters because he is running against John James, a 39-year-old black Republican born in Detroit.. Pastor M.J. Reid, a conservative clergyman who works in a Detroit suburb, said that many Detroit residents struggle to even recognize Peters.. Guys like Peters are considered to be just basically career politicians who are ...
Ringwalt, C., Graham, P., Sanders-Phillips, K., Browne, D., & Paschall, M. (1999). Ethnic identity as a protective factor in the health behaviors of african-american male adolescents. In S. B. Kar (Ed.), Ethnic Identity as a Protective Factor in the Health Behaviors of African-American Male Adolescents Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., Inc ...
In partnership with the Grand Rapids Urban League and Grand Rapids Public School, GRCC provides institutional support to ensure the success of the African American Male Achievement Conference. Annually, the project convenes high school students from schools throughout Kent County. The conference aims to engage students in workshops and activities that affirm their identity and prepare them for the college experience and career opportunities.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genome-wide and gene-based association studies of anxiety disorders in european and african american samples. AU - Otowa, Takeshi. AU - Maher, Brion S.. AU - Aggen, Steven H.. AU - McClay, Joseph L.. AU - Van Den Oord, Edwin J.. AU - Hettema, John M.. PY - 2014/11/12. Y1 - 2014/11/12. N2 - Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common mental disorders caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Since ADs are highly comorbid with each other, partially due to shared genetic basis, studying AD phenotypes in a coordinated manner may be a powerful strategy for identifying potential genetic loci for ADs. To detect these loci, we performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of ADs. In addition, as a complementary approach to single-locus analysis, we also conducted gene- and pathway-based analyses. GWAS data were derived from the control sample of the Molecular Genetics of Schizophrenia (MGS) project (2,540 European American and 849 African American subjects) genotyped on the ...
This announcement has been sent on behalf of our network supporters, the Harm Reduction Coalition:. African Americans and Hepatitis C. Thursday, July 25, 3:00 - 4:30 p.m. EDT. Register now!. Hepatitis C is the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States and a leading cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. It is also a neglected health condition, with: African Americans and Blacks have a higher prevalence of chronic Hepatitis C infection compared with non-Hispanic white Americans and are twice as likely to have ever been infected with Hepatitis C.. This webinar will provide information on the impact of Hepatitis C on African Americans and strategies to address the viral hepatitis C epidemic in the African-American community.. Click to register now!. The following will be discussed:. ...
Writing for the Oxford Research Encyclopedias. We work hard to support the researchers who publish articles with the Oxford African American Studies Center (AASC). This page provides information for those considering whether to contribute to AASC, as well as valuable services for authors who have already published with us.. Why Publish with the Oxford African American Studies Center?. The AASC combines the authority of carefully edited reference works with sophisticated technology to create the most comprehensive collection of scholarship available online to focus on the lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture. Along with encyclopedia-style articles, biographies, and primary source documents, AASC also contains a number of tools to help our users explore African American studies. Here are some of the benefits of publishing on the AASC:. Author Resources:. Contact the Editors. Core Content. FAQ. ...
Blacks/African Americans have been affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since early in the epidemic (1). Despite representing a smaller proportion (13.6%) of the U.S. population, blacks/African Americans accounted for half of the HIV diagnoses in adolescents and adults in 37 states during 2005--2008 (2). Data from the National HIV Surveillance System were used to estimate numbers, percentages, and rates of HIV diagnoses in blacks/African Americans during 2005--2008. Those data were reported to CDC through June 2009 from 37 states with mature (in operation since at least January 2005) HIV surveillance systems. This report describes the results of those analyses, which indicated that during 2005--2008, blacks/African Americans were diagnosed with HIV infection more frequently than any other racial/ethnic population. During 2008, black/African American males and females were diagnosed with HIV infection at eight and 19 times the rates for white males and ...
Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 by Paul Finkelman (Editor) It is impossible to understand America without understanding the history of African Americans. In nearly seven hundred entries, the Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 documents the full range of the African American experience during that period-from the arrival of the firstslave ship to the death of Frederick Douglass-and shows how all aspects of American culture, history, and national identity have been profoundly influenced by the experience of African Americans. The Encyclopedia covers an extraordinary range of subjects. Major topics such as Abolitionism, Black Nationalism, the Civil War, the Dred Scott case, Reconstruction, Slave Rebellions and Insurrections, the Underground Railroad, and Voting Rights are given the in-depth treatment onewould expect. But the encyclopedia also contains hundreds of fascinating entries on less obvious subjects, such as the African Grove Theatre, ...
Adolescent bullying is a concern for adolescents, parents, teachers, school officials, and the general public. The purpose of the study is to apply Bronfenbrenners ecological systems perspective and explore factors that are correlated with bullying perpetration and victimization among 638 urban African American adolescents in Chicagos Southside. Bullying victimization and perpetration are found to be influenced by microsystem-level factors, such as exposure to delinquent peers, teacher support, and neighborhood disorganization. An intervention strategy that involves teachers is particularly important. Anti-bullying intervention and prevention programs in urban schools need to account for the unique situations of urban African American adolescents ...
HV is a crisis in African American communities, threatening the health and well-being of African American men and women across the United States. While African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV and AIDS of any racial/ ethnic group in the nation, prevention efforts have helped to maintain stability in the annual number of new HIV infections among African Americans for more than a decade. Additionally, recent CDC data found indications of an encouraging decline in new infections among African American women. Still, African American heterosexual women continue to be far more affected by HIV than women of any other race or ethnicity, and young black gay and bisexual men now account for more new infections than any other group in the United States ...
Truth comes to one distilled, shaped in the sayings of the ancestors. Copy your fathers, your ancestors. See their words endure in books. Open, read them, and copy them in order to know. One who is taught becomes skilled.. The African American Studies program in the College of Arts and Sciences offers a Bachelor of Arts degree and a minor in African American Studies. This degree provides students with a comprehensive undergraduate degree program designed to foster the systematic understanding and examination of the experiences of people of African descent. The program offers students the opportunity to engage in intellectual work that will give them a strong foundation in the core ideas, concepts, and theories of the discipline of African American Studies.. ...
B81 African American women are more prone to develop breast cancer at a younger age and present with a more aggressive, hormone-independent form of the disease than those belonging to other ethnic groups. Doxorubicin is commonly used in chemotherapeutic regimens to treat breast cancer irrespective of hormone receptor or p53 status. While patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and progesterone receptor (PR)-negative breast cancer can derive benefit from using this agent, the onset of adverse effects can significantly diminish their quality of life. Some patients use herbal supplements containing flavonoids, while being treated with Doxorubicin, believing these products will potentiate its effectiveness. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the flavonoid Apigenin could suppress the growth of breast cancer cell lines derived from African American breast cancer patients with varying hormone receptor and p53 status and augment the anticancer effects of Doxorubicin in these cells. ...
In the current study, a CNV map was generated using DNA from a population of 385 African Americans using 50 randomly chosen female African Americans as a reference. A total of 1362 CNV events were identified in the population. In addition, CNVs were identified in a population of 435 White individuals using the same 50 African American females as a reference. The same reference population was used so that the CNV distributions of the two populations would be directly comparable. Two regions of the genome exhibited large CNV frequency differences between the two populations, one on chromosome 15 and another on chromosome 17. No genes in these regions had obvious roles in ethnic differences.. A total of 140 of the African American DNAs were derived from cell lines. The process of creating the cell lines generated a duplication on chromosome 14 in 74% of the cell line-derived DNAs. Although this region is listed as copy number variant in the Database of Genomic Variants, none of the DNAs derived ...
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine academic disidentification along with demographic and psychological factors related to the academic achievement of African American adolescents. Participants included 96 African American students (41 males, 55 females) in an urban high school setting located in the Southwest. Consistent with previous research, academic disidentification was determined by looking for an attenuation of the correlation between academic self-concept and grade point average (GPA) of male and female students. The relationship between academic self-concept and grade point average significantly decreased for African American males, while it significantly increased for African American females. Demographic factors included age and sex, while psychological factors included academic self-concept, devaluing academic success, and racial identity. Results of a hierarchical regression indicated that sex and academic self-concept were significant positive predictors of GPA, ...
The main idea really is that African Americans have a lot of strengths that were kind of ignoring and overlooking. Were kind of focusing on a lot of the negative.. University of Houston Downtown Associate Professor Stacie DeFreitas teaches psychology. She said the field is often focused on problems - but that can all start to feel overly negative. She said that is especially true when the focus is on African Americans.. So I felt like it was really important in this book to look at some of the historical reasons why African Americans are struggling in some areas and look at some of the structural reasons - looking at things like racism, biases, other types of discrimination that are impacting African Americans, DeFreitas said. But also focusing on those strengths that African Americans have within the community to be resilient and rise above a lot of those barriers that theyre experiencing. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of filtered sodium load with medullary volumes and medullary hypoxia in hypertensive African Americans as compared with whites. AU - Textor, Stephen C.. AU - Gloviczki, Monika L.. AU - Flessner, Michael F.. AU - Calhoun, David A.. AU - Glockner, James. AU - Grande, Joseph P.. AU - McKusick, Michael A.. AU - Cha, Stephen S.. AU - Lerman, Lilach O.. N1 - Funding Information: Support: The project described was supported by award PO1HL85307 from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Center for Research Resources CTSA grant UL1 RR024150 . The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NHLBI or the NIH. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Background: African Americans develop hypertension earlier with more target manifestations than whites despite having a higher glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for any level of serum creatinine. Study Design & ...
SAGE - May 30, 2013. Many African American youth may develop high levels of allostatic load, a measure of physiological wear and tear on the body, by developing psychosocial competence under conditions of high risk related to socioeconomic status (SES). The current study was designed to test this hypothesis, which is based on John Henryism theory. In a representative sample of 489 African American youth living in the rural South, cumulative SES-related risks and teacher-reported competence were assessed at ages 11 to 13; depressive symptoms, externalizing behavior, and allostatic load were assessed at age 19. The data revealed that rural African American preadolescents who evinced high psychosocial competence under conditions of high cumulative SES-related risk displayed low levels of adjustment problems along with high allostatic load at age 19. Read more. ...
Comments With Dr. James Haney Presents*Psychiological Impact of Slavery on African Americans, with Ms. KShakill, Researcher, who talks about some of the psyc...
The disproportionate toll that COVID-19 is taking on African Americans calls us to reflect on the history leading to this moment.
A number of technology companies have released their Equal Employment Opportunity reports (EEO-1 reports) for 2014 and what they show is that there remains a diversity issue. Twitter, Microsoft and Google employ zero African-American women in executive and management level positions. Facebook, Intel and Amazon employ one African-American female each in such positions. Executive and management level positions are held by white men 65% of the time, white females 14% of the time, Asian males 13% of the time, Asian females 3% of the time, Hispanic males 2% of the time, Hispanic females and African-American males 1% of the time, and African-American females less than 1% of the time. The statistics for all employees arent much better for many companies. Twitter, for example, employs 0% African-American females and 1% African-American males and Hispanic males and females. It employs 25% Asian males and 8% Asian females. The Tech industry is aware of the issue and there are efforts being made to ...
Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S., and disproportionally affects African Americans. Given the evidence for genetic susceptibility to CHD in African Americans and lagging discovery efforts in this population, we propose to search for gene variants that contribute to incident CHD risk in African Americans.. Methods: We examined the evidence for association of genome wide genetic markers with incident CHD using the high density custom array MetaboChip using data from two U.S. cohort studies comprising 7,967 African American individuals (Womens Health Initiative and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). Genome-wide ancestry estimates (principal components) were determined using Eigensoft. We used Cox proportional hazard models, adjusted for age and population stratification. Study- and sex-stratified results were combined using fixed effect meta-analysis. A Bonferroni corrected P, 2.8 x 10-7 was considered a significant array ...
Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. -Sterling, S.R., B. Bertrand, S. Judd, T.L. Carson, P. Chandler-Laney, M.L. Baskin, 2017. Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. Prev Chronic Dis 2017;14:160595. DOI:
According to U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher, African Americans are twice as likely to suffer a stroke than whites, making them more susceptible to stroke than any other ethnic group. Satcher spoke out on this health disparity during a stroke-screening event in Rockville, Md., called Stroke Sunday.. Strokes have a disproportionate impact among African Americans, but there is something we can do as a community to combat this disease, states Satcher, who is African American. We can reduce our risk of stroke by lowering blood pressure, quitting smoking and keeping heart disease and diabetes in check.. Satcher stressed the importance of African Americans learning the five warning signs of stroke. These signs, as outlined by the American Stroke Association (ASA), are:. 1. Numbness or weakness of the arm, face or one side of the body ...
As stated previously, acculturation has been investigated in conjunction with a number of physical, social and psychological variables. In a study of weight concern and body image among southern African American Females, Smith and Omari (2005) hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between cultural values (levels of acculturation) and Body Mass Index (BMI) in their sample. The premise of their study was that African American women with more traditional values would have higher BMI scores, primarily because it has been reported in the literature that African American women are comfortable with larger body size (Striegel-Moore et al., 1998). The hypothesis was not supported. They found that contrary to their expectations, acculturation was not significantly associated with BMI in African American females. This failure to detect an association between BMI and acculturation led to a question about the latent factor structure of the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS-R) in ...
New York Life has more than 1,200 agents serving the African American community. Our agents are dedicated men and women who have pledged to help empower the African American communities they serve by touching the lives of thousands of families, and illustrating for them how purchasing life insurance today will empower future generations. Their mission is not just to sell life insurance; its to educate members of the black community about the importance of creating an estate and building a legacy for their children and grandchildren.. With the contribution of our African American Market Agents in their communities, we surpassed our 2017 goal of creating $50 billion of Life Insurance and Future Income protection. Through our focus on growing our network of agents in the community, continuing to provide financial education, and insuring more lives, changing the financial future for African American families is well within our reach.. Exposing individuals and families to financial tools and ...
Renal function measurements were obtained in 1,703 African Americans with presumed hypertensive nephrosclerosis who were screened for entry into the African-American Study of Hypertension and Kidney Disease (AASK). We examined the effect of race on relationships involving renal variables by comparing African Americans enrolled into the AASK with non-African Americans enrolled into the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study. We examined the effect of gender on renal variables by comparing African American men and women. We compared various methods for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with iodine 125-labeled ((125)I)-iothalamate GFR. AASK data were also used to derive a new formula for estimating GFR in African Americans. After adjusting for age, sex, and baseline GFR, African American patients on the AASK study were heavier and had larger body surface areas and body mass indices than either MDRD African Americans or non-African Americans. African Americans had greater serum ...
The Central Texas African American Family Support Conference provides information and educational opportunities about mental health, intellectual and developmental disabilities, substance use disorder, co-occurring disorders and physical health issues. The conference supports the African American community and embraces all members of the community regardless of race. The mission of the conference is to strengthen family and individual awareness of available behavioral and physical health care services through culturally sensitive education, support and partnerships. The conference strives to reduce stigma and eliminate health disparities.
On The OReilly Factor, host Eric Bolling and guest Horace Cooper didnt just deny that the killing of Walter Scott is part of a pattern of police shootings of black men, they actually argued that African Americans are favored when they have encounters with the police. Substitute host Bolling sneered at the beginning of the segment that the far left is using Scotts death as evidence that police killings of black men are a systemic problem in America. Bolling falsely claimed, Police killings of African Americans are down 70% over the last 50 years, so why perpetrate these claims?. But as Bolling should know, there are no hard statistics on the number of police killings in the past 50 years. However, we do know that blacks make up a disproportionate number of those whom we know are killed by the police. So why did Bolling perpetrate such a claim?. Blacks are incarcerated at a rate of six to seven times that of whites in America. And unarmed blacks are being killed about the same rate as ...
Elizabeth Montague is proving to young women everywhere that they can be the first in their fields. The 25-year-old cartoonist, just became the first African-American woman to have her illustrations featured in the legendary New Yorker magazine. Check out more of her story on this episode of In The Know Next Gen.
Numerous African Americans have resided in Ohio. Today, African American Ohioans continue to enhance Ohios cultural and social landscape. Prior to becoming a state, very few African Americans resided in Ohio. In 1800, only 337 African Americans lived in the area. Most of these people were free, but undoubtedly, a small number of them were slaves. African Americans hovered near two percent of Ohios total population throughout the first half of the nineteenth century. By 1810, 1,890 blacks called Ohio home, increasing to 4,723 a decade later. By 1860, 36,700 African Americans resided in the state. Over the years they have made significant contributions to the state, such as their service in the factories during the First World War. Ohios first constitution, the Ohio Constitution of 1803, outlawed slavery. This was a requirement of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. Despite this legal protection, some African American Ohioans were actually slaves. Slave owners lived especially in southern Ohio. If ...
Every patient featured on our website is an actual patient of Dr. Arocha. We are very appreciative of our great patients, who have volunteered to allow the use of their before and after photo results to benefit you, the viewing public.. Copyright © 2020 Arocha Hair Restoration & Hair Transplant Center , Privacy Policy ...
African American womens interest in golf began in the early part of the twentieth century. Most of the women had been taught to play by their husbands or fathers. Although there were few opportunities to play professional golf, Marie Thompson, of Chicago, Illinois, became the first African American woman to win a major tournament. On Labor Day weekend in 1926, Thompson won the first Negro National Open, the premier golfing event for African Americans, at the Mapledale Country Club in Stow, Massachusetts. The United States Colored Golf Association (USCGA) sponsored the competition, which offered a place for talented African Americans to compete at a time when they were not allowed to do so in white tournaments. In 1929 the USCGA changed its name to the United Golf Association UGA Although African American women were originally allowed to participate in the National Open championship a separate women s ... ...
Health, ...DETROIT African Americans are seven times more likely than Caucasians...This finding however is much lower than that previously reported in ...Unlike regular scars keloids do not subside over time and often exten... Many African American patients are afraid to have head and neck surge...,African-Americans,7,times,more,likely,to,have,keloid,scarring,of,the,head,,neck,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Invited by the center, NHHC Historian Regina Akers, Ph.D., Joseph Reidy, Ph.D., a Professor of History and Associate Provost at Howard University, and retired Army Sgt. 1st Class Dereck Vines were the special guest speakers discussing African American Heritage. Specifically, African Americans in the Civil War Union Navy.. Its a topic all three know well. Akers and Reidy worked together previously on an ABC Nightline broadcast on the subject that first appeared on July 3, 2001, and both have continued their studies since.. It is an honor to serve on such a distinguished panel with Dr. Reidy and the other subject matter experts and to do so at the esteemed Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., said Akers. I always enjoy the privilege of sharing the history of the United States Navy. I am especially delighted to highlight African Americans rich legacy of naval service and sacrifice since the American Revolution. Blacks were often the first to volunteer even when war was waged for rights they were ...
Brown University. Africana Studies (PHD). City University of New York, The Graduate Center. Africana Studies (Certificate w/ Graduate degree). Clark Atlanta University. African and African American Studies (MA). Columbia University. African-American Studies (MA). Cornell University. Africana Studies (PHD). Duke University. African and African American Studies (Certificate w/ Graduate degree). Eastern Michigan University. African American Studies (Certificate w/ graduate degree). Florida International University. African and African Diaspora Studies (MA, Dual degree). Georgia State University. African-American Studies (MA). Harvard University. Department of African and African American Studies (PHD). Michigan State University. African American and African Studies (M.A and PHD). Morgan State University African American Studies (MA). New York University Africana Studies (MA). Northwestern University. African American Studies (Certificate w/ graduate degree and PHD). Ohio State University. African ...
African American women, who make up 13 percent of the female population in the United States, are making significant strides in education, participation, health, and other areas, but there is a long way to go to fully close the racial and ethnic disparities they face. New policies such as the Affordable Care Act, or ACA, and other proposed policies such as paid sick leave can greatly improve the lives of African American women and their families. For example, under the ACA, around 5.1 million African American women with private health insurance are currently receiving expanded preventive service coverage and an estimated 3 million African American women will gain access to affordable or subsidized health insurance.. This fact sheet provides a snapshot of statistics about health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership that should guide our choices to enact sensible policies to unleash the potential of this growing demographic and benefit our economy.. ...
ESCADAA (the Epidemiological Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Urban African Americans) will examine the prevalence of nine modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the African American population: abnormal lipids, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, abdominal obesity, psychosocial factors, consumption of fruits, vegetables and alcohol and lack of regular physical activity.. Investigators will then look for correlations between those risk factors, social factors and coronary artery calcification (CAC), one measure of atherosclerotic heart disease.. African Americans in Allegheny County have higher death rates from heart disease than those in the rest of the state and other ethnic groups, said Indu Poornima, MD, director of the Womens Heart Center at Allegheny General Hospital.. We want to define the true prevalence of risk factors in our local population and see how those risk factors are influenced by socioeconomic factors such as income, education and health insurance ...
Clean Air Task Force (CATF) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) have co-authored a landmark report that demonstrates, for the first time, the specific health risks from airborne pollutants caused by oil and natural gas development impacting African American communities.
The importance of Social Security to communities of color is emphasized by the current poverty rates. As the numbers show, Social Security substantially reduces minority poverty. With Social Security, the poverty rate for older African Americans is 18 percent. But if they did not receive Social Security, 51 percent of African American seniors would live in poverty.. PROGRAM ASPECTS IMPORTANT TO AFRICAN AMERICANS. Although Social Securitys benefit and contribution provisions are neutral with respect to race, ethnicity, and gender, several features of the program are especially important to African Americans. The progressive benefit formula intentionally helps low income earners, many of whom are African American. In the aggregate, African Americans have higher disability rates and lower lifetime earnings, and thus receive greater benefits relative to taxes paid. Furthermore, lower than average life expectancy results in a proportionately higher share of survivor benefits. PROGRESSIVE BENEFIT ...
Genetic heterogeneity, lifestyle factors, gene-gene or gene-environment interactions are the determinants of T2D which puts Hispanics and populations with African ancestry at higher risk of developing T2D. In this dissertation, the genetic associations of PPARGC1A polymorphisms with T2D and its related phenotypes (metabolic markers) in Haitian Americans (cases=110, controls=116), African Americans (cases=120, controls=124) and Cuban Americans (cases=160, controls=181) of South Florida were explored. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms of gene PPARGC1A were evaluated in each ethnicity for their disease association. In Haitian Americans, rs7656250 (OR= 0.22, pp=0.03) had significant protective association with T2D but had risk association in African Americans for rs7656250 (OR=1.02, p=0.96) and rs4235308 (OR=2.53, p=0.03). We found that in Haitian American females, both rs7656250 (OR=0.23, pp=0.03) had protective association with T2D. In African American females, rs7656250 (OR=1.14, p=0.78) had risk
A 66-year-old African-American male presented with a four-month history of asymptomatic hematuria. Interventional Radiology was consulted for embolization of...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The influence of role status on risky sexual behavior among African Americans during the transition to adulthood. AU - Kogan, Steven M.. AU - Brody, Gene H.. AU - Gibbons, Frederick X.. AU - Murry, Velma Mc Bride. AU - Cutrona, Carolyn E.. AU - Simons, Ronald L.. AU - Wingood, Gina. AU - Diclemente, Ralph. PY - 2008/8. Y1 - 2008/8. N2 - Little research has examined the links between role status changes during the transition to adulthood and sexual behaviors that place African Americans at risk for sexually transmitted infections. Moreover, the mediating processes that explain these links, or protective factors that may buffer young adults from risky sexual behavior, are unknown. African American young adults who had either completed or dropped out of high school (ages 18 to 21, N = 186) provided information regarding their sexual behavior, role status, substance use, peer affiliations, religiosity, and receipt of protective family processes. Anticipated school attendance, ...
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Courtesy The Herald-Sun). The increasing reliance on Federal and state funding to support capital and operating costs at Watts would also, eventually, lead to the ultimate demise of Watts hospital, as Federal legislation - including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the enactment of Medicare in 1965 - would demand that hospitals be racially integrated.. Like most institutions in Durham, the hospital system was racially segregated - Watts had, until the 1960s, always served only white patients. One of the more unique things about Durham has always been the strength of the African-American community during the segregation era; when Watts had originally proposed adding a wing to Watts Hospital to treat African-American patients in 1900, he was persuaded by the African-American community that this was not in their best interest. The better solution would be to construct a hospital where African-Americans could both be seen as patients and be medical providers. The result was the construction of the ...
Rep. Joe Neguse, a Democrat from Colorados 2nd Congressional District, released a public service announcement video this week to encourage members of the African American community to get vaccinated against COVID-19. The video included messages from Neguse and several Black community leaders in Colorado. The COVID-19 vaccine is safe and extremely effective, Maya Wheeler, the executive director of the African Chamber of Commerce of Colorado, says in the video.. You are doing a good deed for your community, said Sen. Janet Buckner, who represents the 28th District in the Colorado Senate.. COVID-19 has taken so much from so many, and getting vaccinated is the best way to protect yourself and your loved ones, said Eula Adams, a member of the Transportation Commission of Colorado.. In the video, Neguse encourages people who are vaccinated against COVID-19 to talk to their friends and family. A press release that accompanied the PSA states that according to the Colorado Department of Public ...
CDC marked Tuesday, National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, by stressing its commitment to ending an epidemic that disproportionately affects African Americans. At CDC, HIV prevention in black communities remains one of our top priorities, said Dr. Kevin Fenton, director of CDCs National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention. Last year, we invested more than half of our HIV prevention budget to fight HIV among African Americans. Weve expanded initiatives to reach more African Americans with HIV testing, increased the number and reach of HIV prevention programs in black communities, and are working with our partners, like those in the Act Against AIDS Leadership Initiative, to launch campaigns aimed at increasing HIV testing and awareness among black women and black gay and bisexual men, among other groups, Fenton said. The director said testing and awareness are the best ways to prevent future HIV infections. We must also tackle factors such as homophobia and stigma ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predictors of end stage renal disease in African Americans with lupus nephritis. AU - Franco, Carlos. AU - Yoo, Wonsuk. AU - Franco, Domingo. AU - Xu, Zeng. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - Lupus nephritis is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). African Americans generally have a more severe presentation and more often progress to end stage renal disease (ESRD) than Caucasians. Several studies point to higher creatinine, low complement levels, thrombocytopenia, anemia, hypertension, and proliferative glomerulonephritis as predictors of ESRD in lupus nephritis within multi-ethnic cohorts. The purpose of the current study was to correlate clinical, serological, and immunological variables with the development of ESRD requiring dialysis in the African American population. Materials and Methods: A small retrospective study was performed with African American patients who had been diagnosed with lupus nephritis and biopsied between 1996 and ...
As same-sex couples who were able to legally marry last year celebrate their one-year-anniversaries, Equality California (EQCA) and Jordan / Rustin Coalition (JRC) are together launching an education and mobilization effort on the freedom to marry in LAs African-American communities. The effort includes a TV commercial, on-the-ground organizers and a dedicated field office, which will be based in South Los Angeles, a predominantly African-American community. Jordan / Rustin Coalition is happy to partner with Equality California as we do the work to open the hearts and minds of all Californians, including those in the Black community, on the question of marriage for same-sex couples, said Ron Buckmire, JRC board president. Our partnership includes a multi-media campaign, outreach and public education and even the nuts and bolts of staffing and supplies. I am confident that together we will see the day when full LGBT equality is restored to our state ...
Background: Low serum and dietary magnesium (Mg) intake are established risk factors for stroke, coronary disease, hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known on the relationship between Mg intake and heart failure (HF). African Americans are known to have a low dietary Mg intake and have a high risk of HF compared to the general population; thus, an ideal group to study this relationship. We hypothesize that dietary Mg relates to HF hospitalization in African Americans.. Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 5,133 participants from Jackson Heart Study, recruited during 2000-2004, in Jackson (MS), who completed a 61-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The main outcome was hospitalization for HF during 2005-2010. We related different cutoffs of dietary Mg intake (overall, mean, Recommended Daily Allowance [RDA] for men and RDA for women) with HF hospitalization using Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusting for potential confounding. Since HF ...
Key Findings: Studies show African Americans receive modestly more in Social Security benefits for each dollar they pay in payroll taxes than whites do. African Americans earn 73 percent as much as whites, on average, but because of Social Securitys progressive benefit structure, their average retirement benefit is about 85 percent as much as whites. African Americans benefit disproportionately from Social Securitys disability and survivors benefits, since they are more likely than other workers to become disabled or die before retiring. For example, while 15 percent of all U.S. children are African American, 23 percent of the children receiving Social Security survivors benefits are. The risks of replacing part of Social Security with private accounts would be more acute for African Americans than for whites, while the potential rewards likely would be smaller.
We joke about crazy black women, and who hasnt noticed that black people tend to mutter and sing to themselves in public much more often than other race?. Either because they are often sexualized at a young age or whatever, when you combine the violence; the chippy attitude; the apparent lack of a risk aversion gene; the dont touch my hair/I refuse to learn to swim stuff that would be labelled neurosis in any other race; the inability or refusal to think ahead; the possibly low-level depression that makes welfare more appealing than work; the hair trigger hostility to even benign authority figures; and even the almost Tourettes level of foul language in rap… Damn, America, dont you wish youd picked your own damn cotton? ...
why is black history month just in February? African American Inequality Social Justice Implications Median income for Blacks was $32,068 vs. $54,620 Whites 27.4% of African Americans living in poverty vs. 9.9% of Whites 39.1% of African American children vs. 12.4% of White children 21% of Blacks did not have health insurance vs. 12% of Whites Infant mortality rate among Blacks was 2.4 times the rate of Whites Obesity affects 49.5% of Blacks vs. 34.3% of Whites African Americans with Bachelors Degrees make 20% less than Whites with the same degree (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, & Smith, 2011) (Carnevale, Rose, & Cheah, 2011) (Flegal, Carroll, Kit, & Ogden, 2012) (MacDorman & Mathews, 2011) Multi-Phase Model of Psychotherapy, Counseling Human Rights, & Social Justice Chung & Bemak, 2012 Culture Family Among families headed by females, the rearing of children is often undertaken by a large number of relatives, older children, ...
Triple negative tumors have a poorer prognosis compared to other subtypes of breast cancer. They tend to be higher grade and have a greater number of mutations in the p53 gene-factors also linked to a worse prognosis [216,227-229].. Although data are limited at this time, some lifestyle factors may play a role in the higher rate of triple negative breast cancer among African American women. Some studies have found that compared to white women, African American women tend to have lower rates of breastfeeding and tend to carry excess weight in the abdomen area, both of which may increase the chances of having triple negative tumors [217,223,230-231].. It may also be that certain reproductive and lifestyle factors protect more against estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancers than ER- breast cancers, including triple negative breast cancers. So, although African American may be more likely than white women to have these protective factors, they may not lower the risk of triple negative breast ...
Television is a medium that transmits messages to mass audiences daily. African American adolescents view more television than any other demographic group. Historically a disparity in educational achievement has existed among African American students and White students, but there are few studies that have examined the impact of television on this disparity.; This study explores the amount of television that is viewed by African American adolescents and its relation to their academic achievement and self-concept. The purpose of the study is to determine whether a significant correlation exists between television viewing and academic success of African American high school students and their self-concept. The results compare the variables of gender, socio-economic status, and mainstream viewing versus minority-oriented viewing in the correlation findings ...
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Abstract: Rates of hypertension in the United States have been rising over the past twenty years. Unfortunately, African Americans are at higher risk for early-onset hypertension, placing African American young adults at increased health risk. Healthy eating and physical activity behaviors have been associated with increased blood pressure control and could serve as areas for intervention for the prevention of early-onset hypertension in young adults. Parents have been shown to influence the development of their childrens health risk behaviors, thus providing a possible point of entry for these interventions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating and exercise behaviors of mothers in relation to the eating and exercise behaviors, gender, and hypertension risk category of their African American young adult children (n=56 dyads, youth ages17-20y). Mother and child took part separately in in-depth semi-structured interviews designed to elicit information about eating and physical ...
UNCFs Frederick D. Patterson Research Institute sought to amplify voices that are often marginalized in these education discussions. To that end, we released our latest report, A Seat at the Table: African American Youths Perceptions of K-12 Education at the Annual UNCF Education Summit a few weeks ago.
Variants of the gene ALOX5AP (also known as FLAP) encoding arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase activating protein are known to be associated with risk of myocardial infarction1. Here we show that a haplotype (HapK) spanning the LTA4H gene encoding leukotriene A4 hydrolase, a protein in the same biochemical pathway as ALOX5AP, confers modest risk of myocardial infarction in an Icelandic cohort. Measurements of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) production suggest that this risk is mediated through upregulation of the leukotriene pathway. Three cohorts from the United States also show that HapK confers a modest relative risk (1.16) in European Americans, but it confers a threefold larger risk in African Americans. About 27% of the European American controls carried at least one copy of HapK, as compared with only 6% of African American controls. Our analyses indicate that HapK is very rare in Africa and that its occurrence in African Americans is due to European admixture. Interactions with other genetic or ...
Author Summary Although recent genome-wide association studies have identified common genetic variants associated with total white blood cell (WBC) and WBC sub-type counts in European and Japanese ancestry populations, whether these or other loci account for differences in WBC count among African Americans is unknown. By examining |16,000 African Americans, we show that, in addition to the previously identified Duffy Antigen Receptor for Chemokines (DARC) locus on chromosome 1, another variant, rs9131, and other nearby variants on human chromosome 4 are associated with total WBC count in African Americans. The variants span the CXCL2 gene, which encodes an inflammatory mediator involved in WBC production and migration. We show that the association is not restricted to African Americans but is also present in independent samples of European Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese. This finding is potentially important because WBC mediate or have altered counts in a variety of acute and chronic
The Muskegon County Museum of African American History is being developed by community people for community people. Its primary goal is to provide local historical African American legacy information that will instill pride and motivation for young African Americans. While there will be a state and national presence, the primary focus is Muskegon County. The current major project is to identify and interview people or family members of people who were the first African American to own a business, hold political office or other notables and create a wall of Muskegon County firsts and other notables. Another major project is to create ongoing funding sources so we can hire staff and provide for the day-to-day operating costs. The museum has a fund development committe to help with this.
Supporters of the latest plan to create an African American museum in Seattle started a drive yesterday to raise the $1 million still needed to buy the abandoned Colman School -- a project with a rocky past. The event could have been called a cleansing ceremony because of past troubles with the project, said Paul Chiles, chairman of the Urban League board. The Urban League has the audacity to try to sabotage an important project like the African American cultural museum by turning it into a real estate development, Garrett said yesterday from the King County Jail. The Urban League plans call for a $17 million redevelopment that would include the museum, commercial space and 40-plus apartments that would go for low-income and market-rate rents. While Garrett claimed the project would face the wrath of the African American grass-roots community, yesterdays ceremony stressed unity and respect. Organizers involved past and present pastors of the citys major African American churches, political
Health,...Low-income African-American high school students with asthma who parti...The results of the study appear in the first issue for May 2007 of the...Christine L. M. Joseph M.P.H Ph.D. Senior Staff Epidemiologist for ...The web-based program which the researchers call Puff City tried to ...,Web-based,asthma,program,dramatically,improves,disease,management,for,low-income,black,students,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The purpose of this study was to explore correlates of sexual sensation seeking (SSS) in a sample of rural African American cocaine users. Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit 251 participants from two impoverished rural counties in eastern Arkansas. Consistent with previous investigations, SSS scores were associated with being younger, being male, having more sexual partners, and having more unprotected sexual encounters in the previous 30 days. Multiple regression revealed that SSS was correlated with a number of oral sex acts, transactional sex (exchanging sex for food, shelter, drugs, money, or other commodities), and Addiction Severity Index drug composite. SSS continues to demonstrate a strong association with sexual risk behaviors in diverse populations, including vulnerable groups like this community. Interventions to reduce unsafe sexual behaviors among high-risk groups, including drug users and individuals who engage in transactional sex, should incorporate approaches that ...
About the Lecture. Most popular accounts of the African American connection with Gandhi have swirled around the outsized figure of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as the public face of the Civil Rights Movement. However, the cry for a Negro Gandhi was first raised by W. E. B. DuBois, the most prominent African American intellectual of his generation, in the early 1920s. Thereafter, the figure of Gandhi appears frequently as someone that black Americans could emulate. Moreover, the African American press, represented by such newspapers as the Crisis, Pittsburgh Courier, New York Amsterdam News, and the Chicago Defender, was extraordinarily prolific in its representation of the Indian independence movement. In this talk, I analyze the worldview of the African American press and its outlook towards the movement in India. Prevailing conceptions of the Global South, focusing on anti-colonial movements in Asia and Africa, generally overlook the history of black America in the 20th century. ...
"African American" ethnic group category in 2010 for ethnic African Americans. Historically, African-Americans have been ... African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans and Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans with ... of African Americans owned their homes, compared to 65.3% of all Americans. The poverty rate among African Americans has ... On average, African Americans are of West/Central African with some European descent; some also have Native American and other ...
American people of South African descent, South African American, Southern Africans in the United States). ... South African Americans are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from South Africa. As of 2012, there were approximately ... rather than in communities of South African Americans. One area with many South Africans in the US is San Diego, California, ... Women's Action to boost the knowledge and understanding of South Africa among Americans. The South Africans are also in many ...
List of African American LGBT List of African-American writers List of African-American ballerinas List of African-American ... African-American mathematicians List of African-American actors List of LGBT African Americans 100 Greatest African Americans " ... This is a list of African Americans, also known as Black Americans or Afro-Americans. African Americans are an ethnic group ... African-Americans African diaspora in the Americas List of African-American women in classical music List of African-American ...
Maryland Commission on African American History & Culture African Americans in Maryland, Individual Biographical Files [1] ... African Americans in Maryland are residents of the state of Maryland who are of African-American ancestry. As of the 2010 U.S. ... which gave the vote to African Americans.[citation needed] The Civil War impacted the African-Americans in Maryland in several ... By the time of the American Civil War a bit more than 49% of African Americans in Maryland were free. The boys, denied ...
Black Southerners African Americans in Texas African Americans in Georgia African Americans in Oklahoma African Americans in ... African American) African Americans in San Francisco History of the African Americans in Los Angeles California locations by ... Americans in California Little Ethiopia Asian Americans in California African Americans in Oregon List of African-American ... 82% of African Americans in California voted for Joe Biden in a exit poll in 2020. Kamala Harris is the first African American ...
... in Mississippi History of Italians in Mississippi African Americans in Alabama African Americans in Tennessee African Americans ... African Americans in Mississippi or Black Mississippians are residents of the state of Mississippi who are of African American ... African Americans were 37.8% of the state's population which is the highest in the nation. African Americans were brought to ... only African Americans were lynched. The frequency increased from 1901 to 1908 after African Americans were disfranchised. "In ...
... arrived in North America via the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from West Africa. Early African-American arrivals included those ... African-American population, most of whose voters were members of the Democratic Party. In 2017 four African Americans (1 ... African Americans in Tennessee, African-American history of Tennessee, Commons category link is on Wikidata). ... Wharton had previously served as Shelby County's first African-American mayor. As of 2012, African Americans make up a larger ...
Books about African-American history, Lists of African-American people, Prometheus Books books, Top people lists, United States ... Lists of African Americans Hughes, M. Elaine (Summer 2003). "'100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia' Book ... 100 Greatest African Americans is a biographical dictionary of one hundred historically great Black Americans (in alphabetical ... "significance in the general progress of African-Americans toward full equality in the American social and political system" " ...
From the arrival of the first Africans in early colonial times until after the American Civil War, most African Americans were ... Over 7.4% of adult African-Americans were disenfranchised compared to 1.8% of non-African-Americans. Felony disenfranchisement ... Schultz, Jeffrey D. (2002). Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics: African Americans and Asian Americans. p. 284. ... one in 13 African-Americans of voting age was disenfranchised, more than four times greater than that of non-African-Americans ...
African-American diaspora in Africa, African-American history, African and Black nationalism, Repatriated Africans, Repatriated ... African diaspora history, Pre-emancipation African-American history, African-American repatriation organizations). ... The history of African-American settlement in Africa extends to the beginnings of ex-slave repatriation to Africa from European ... African-American abolitionist and Army officer Martin Delany supported a project for African-American immigration to Liberia ...
African Americans (also referred to as Afro-Americans or Black Americans) in France are people of African American heritage or ... African-American diaspora in France, African-American society, African diaspora in France, American diaspora in Europe, Ethnic ... French people of African-American descent, Peoples of the African-American diaspora, People of African descent, American ... African Americans, who are largely descended from Africans of the American Colonial Era, have lived and worked in France since ...
... , African-American history of Oregon, All stub articles, Oregon stubs, African American stubs). ... African Americans in Oregon or Black Oregonians are residents of the state of Oregon who are of African American ancestry. In ... first African-American lawyer in Oregon Oregon portal List of African-American newspapers in Oregon Wikimedia Commons has media ... there were an estimated 91,000 African Americans in Oregon. African-Americans, like Blacks in other states, were historically ...
Little is known about the culture of African Americans of this era, but it is clear that the African American population of ... Slater Arkansas portal Demographics of Arkansas List of African-American newspapers in Arkansas African Americans Moneyhon, ... of the population in 1860 on the eve of the American Civil War. African Americans lived throughout the state, and were ... African Americans are an ethnic group in the US state of Arkansas. Black people were brought to Arkansas as slaves as part of ...
"Black or African American". African Americans were enslaved in the state. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, African Americans were ... African-American history of Virginia, All stub articles, Virginia stubs, African American stubs). ... African Americans are the largest racial minority in Virginia. According to the 2010 Census, more than 1.5 million, or one in ... Virginia portal First Africans in Virginia History of slavery in Virginia Demographics of Virginia List of African-American ...
African-American women are degraded and referred to as "bitches" and "hoes" in rap music. African-American women are over- ... Finkelman, Paul (2006). "Stereotypes of African Americans". Encyclopedia of African American History 1619-1895. Vol. 3. Oxford ... "Review of African American Childhoods: Historical Perspectives from Slavery to Civil Rights". The Journal of African American ... of African American Men". Journal of African American Studies. 7 (2): 3-18. doi:10.1007/s12111-003-1006-5. S2CID 142626192. ...
... or Black Alabamians are residents of the state of Alabama who are of African American ancestry. ... African Americans in Alabama, African-American history of Alabama). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to African Americans in Alabama. Black History in Alabama African Presence in Alabama ( ... of slavery in Alabama African Americans in Mississippi Black Southerners Demographics of Alabama List of African-American ...
... , African-American history of Louisiana, All stub articles, Louisiana stubs, African American ... African Americans were 31.2% of the state's population. Of all deaths from COVID-19 in 2020, African Americans in Louisiana ... almost half of the African slaves came from the Congo. Before the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), African Americans ... African Americans in Louisiana or Black Louisianians are residents of the state of Louisiana who are of African ancestry. ...
Israeli people of African-American descent, African-American people, African diaspora, African-American diaspora, African ... African Americans in Israel number at least 25,000, comprise several separate groups, including the groups of African American ... There are a number of African American Jews who have made aliyah to Israel. All African American Jews are eligible for Israeli ... Israel portal United States portal Americans in Israel Ethiopian Jews in Israel Beta Israel African American Jews African ...
The African-American presence in the peninsula extends as far back as the early 18th century, when African-American slaves ... Florida portal African Americans in Georgia (U.S. state) Black Seminoles African-American officeholders during and following ... African Americans in Florida, African-American history of Florida). ... African Americans in Florida or Black Floridians are residents of the state of Florida who are of African ancestry. As of the ...
Catsam, Derek (2008). "African Americans, American Africans, and the Idea of an African Homeland". Reviews in American History ... However, some argue that these perceptions of Africa by African Americans were detrimental to African American experiences in ... United States portal Africa portal African Americans in Africa Back-to-Africa movement Diaspora tourism Door of Return Ghana- ... Ghanaian people of African-American descent, African-American diaspora in Africa, Ethnic groups in Ghana). ...
... or Black Oklahomans are residents of the state of Oklahoma who are of African American ancestry. ... African Americans have a rich history in Oklahoma. An estimated 7.8% of Oklahomans are Black. African-Americans first settled ... African-American history of Oklahoma, All stub articles, Oklahoma stubs, African American stubs, Commons category link is on ... v t e v t e Wikimedia Commons has media related to African Americans in Oklahoma. (CS1 maint: url-status, Use American English ...
African Americans in Georgia (U.S. state), African Americans by city, Ethnic groups in Atlanta, African-American culture). ... The effects of African-American migration can be seen by the increase in Fulton County from 20.5% enslaved African Americans in ... National Park Service - African American experience in Atlanta Atlanta History Timeline Carole Merritt, "African Americans in ... In the 1850s, Mary Combs and Ransom Montgomery became the first two African-Americans to own property in Atlanta. African ...
In addition to the African Americans who served in regular army units during the Spanish-American War, five African-American ... The history of African Americans in the U.S. Civil War is marked by 186,097 (7,122 officers, 178,975 enlisted) African-American ... The African American soldiers spent up to three years in the prisons. The Chinese captors believed that African Americans were ... Though most African-American units were largely relegated to support roles and did not see combat, some African Americans ...
... , African-American history of North Carolina, All stub articles, African American stubs, ... African-American North Carolinians or Black North Carolinians are residents of the state of North Carolina who are of African ... of North Carolina List of African-American historic places in North Carolina List of African-American newspapers in North ... North Carolina portal United States portal African Americans in South Carolina African Americans in Tennessee African Americans ...
The criminal stereotype of African Americans in the United States is an ethnic stereotype which portrays African Americans, and ... and that African American progress is a myth, as it does not take into consideration the African American men who are ... African Americans, police brutality, and the US criminal justice system". The Journal of African American History. 98 (2): 200- ... of African American Men". Journal of African American Studies. 7 (2): 3-18. doi:10.1007/s12111-003-1006-5. JSTOR 41819017. ...
Lists of African-American people, Lists of LGBT-related people, LGBT African Americans). ... This is a list of Black/African Americans who are also members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and/or ... "Alvin Ailey Gay African American Dance Pioneer". Lavender Magazine. December 21, 2007. Retrieved February 20, 2019. Ciara ... "Raven-Symone: I'm not gay, and I'm not African-American". CNN. Retrieved February 20, 2019. Anderson, Tre'vell. "Our Diverse ...
African-American history in Davenport, Iowa, Davenport, Iowa, History of Iowa, Culture of the Quad Cities, African Americans by ... in the Davenport Metro area are African American. For comparison, the average African-American population in Iowa cities is 2.5 ... Jamie Howard elected as first female African-American alderman. In the mid-1990s, Davenport's African-American community became ... particularly in the North and the West. "It has been estimated that nearly 500,000 to a million African-American men, women and ...
African Americans', or Black Americans' access to and use of reproductive management methods such as birth control is central ... Sterilization abuse of African American women inflicted by the American government and white medical establishments reached its ... The Relf case prompted many other African American, Native American, and Latina women to come forth with similar stories of ... As issues of racism, segregation and discrimination perpetrated life for African Americans in post-slavery America, the NACWC ...
African-Americans are the top consumers of all menthol products. Some products were made specifically for African-American ... especially African-American. At this time, B&W was introducing a new line of flavors using images of African-Americans. A ... of the cigarettes smoked by African-Americans-and 90% percent of African-American youth smokers smoke menthols. The case was ... still posing a threat to non-African-Americans as well and that harm was being caused to more than just the African-American ...
Omaha was a destination for African Americans during the Great Migration from the American South. An African-American cultural ... During this period, North Omaha and its main artery of North 24th Street were the heart of the city's African-American cultural ... The Near North Side, located immediately north of Downtown Omaha, is where the majority of African Americans have lived in ... John's African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Near North Side neighborhood. It was the first church for African Americans in ...
Miss Jessie Bodeen is characterized as a New Orleans Voodoo queen, who acts as a healer for the local African Americans working ...
Other leading Americans who competed but fell short include William C. Campbell, Jay Sigel, and Nathaniel Crosby. The Canadian ... title has also been won by South African Reg Taylor (1962), New Zealanders Stuart Jones (1967) and Gareth Paddison (2001), ... From the late 1920s into the 1970s, the Canadian Amateur often attracted many of the top American amateurs, several of whom ...
"African Smartphone Film Festival 2019, 6 December 2019". Archived from the original on 12 ... "I completed that course and four months later was live in 600,000 homes across four American states". Sheffield University. " ... African Smartphone International Film Festival, "BEST DOCUMENTARY INTERNATIONAL", The Mojo Revolution News, 2019, White Unicorn ...
These prams were exported to Canada, South America, India and South Africa. The Princes Street drill hall was completed in 1908 ... North Africa, Borneo and Singapore". Retrieved 24 July 2020. "PRINCESS ELIZABETH AT STIRLING - (Receives ... To the north, the M9 provides access to Dunblane with easy links to Perth and further beyond the Central Belt. Stirling has no ... "North Parish Church". Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. "St Columba's Church". Archived from ...
2003 - Nireah Johnson was a 17 year old African American trans girl who was murdered along with her friend Brandie Coleman in ... 2003 - Shelby Tracy Tom was a Canadian transgender woman working as a sex worker in North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, ... 2003 - Janice Roberts was an American transgender woman who was kidnapped by serial killer William Devin Howell on 18 June. ... the American Medical Association called the violence against trans people an "epidemic". In 2020, ABC News "independently ...
African-American culture, African-American poetry, American Christian hymns, American patriotic songs, American poems, Gospel ... Some African American fans who were interviewed by NBC News felt that the NFL's decision was "pandering" that would not have a ... A History of African-American Artists (From 1792 to the Present), pp. 168-180, Pantheon Books (Random House), 1993, ISBN 0-394- ... To claim that we as African-Americans want to form a confederation or separate ourselves from white people because of one song ...
American LGBT writers, African-American women musicians, 20th-century African-American people, 21st-century African-American ... African-American drag queens, African-American women writers, Deaths from pneumonia in Georgia (U.S. state), LGBT African ... 20th-century African-American women, 21st-century African-American women). ... African-American writers, LGBT memoirists, Transgender drag performers, ...
African-American players of American football, 21st-century African-American people, 20th-century African-American sportspeople ... Myron Maynard Guyton (born August 26, 1967) is a former American football player. He played professionally as a defensive back ... American football safeties, Eastern Kentucky Colonels football players, New England Patriots players, New York Giants players, ... All stub articles, American football defensive back, 1960s birth stubs). ...
American-born Israeli religious leader (African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem). Fatima Aouam, 55, Moroccan Olympic runner ( ... Bess Myerson, 90, American model (Miss America 1945) and television actress. Anthony Edward Pevec, 89, American Roman Catholic ... Al Belletto, 86, American jazz musician. Roger L. Bernashe, 87, American politician. Dick Dale, 88, American saxophonist and ... Paul Barry, 88, American football player. Earl Clark, 95, American soldier. Chris Dyko, 48, American football player (Chicago ...
South African television series based on American television series, 2018 South African television series debuts, South African ... In South Africa, the first season began airing episodes on 1Magic on 3 August 2018. The second season premiered on 18 October ... "A South African version of The Real Housewives finally coming to DStv". Barr, Sabrina (2021-12-08). "Real Housewives of ... installment of the American The Real Housewives franchise and the first installment of the franchise set in Africa. It has ...
American cyclist David O. Brink (born 1958), American philosopher David R. Brink (1919-2017), American attorney This ... David Brink may refer to: David Brink (businessman) (born 1939), South African businessman David Brink (cyclist) (1947-2019), ...
Adams' autobiography An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist ... See Chapter 16, "The Prisoners". An American Dream : The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in ... Adams, an African-American, cited racial discrimination in the United States as the reason he refused repatriation. While a ... Turncoat: An American's 12 Years in Communist China, by Morris Wills and J. Robert Moskin. 21 Stayed: The Story of the American ...
... (May 28, 1919 - April 19, 1991) was an American archivist. She was one of the first African American ... social and African American topics. She became one of the most knowledgeable historians and archivists of American life. In the ... 20th-century American historians, American women historians, 1919 births, 1991 deaths, 20th-century American women writers, ... She was one of the first African American professionals to be hired by the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Here, she ...
... becoming the first African-American woman to win the event. She was also the first American gymnast ever to win both the team ... Later in the Olympic Games, Douglas won a gold medal in the individual all-around event, becoming the first African-American to ... The only American in the uneven bars final, Douglas, finished in eighth. On the balance beam, Douglas finished in seventh. ... Raisman became the first American woman to win the gold medal on floor, and with her third medal overall, she was the most ...
"Combined Campuses and Colleges v United States of America, West Indies Cricket Board Cup 2008/09". CricketArchive. Retrieved 16 ... three of which hosted the touring South Africans, Indians and Australians. In addition to hosting first-class matches, the ...
North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Central Asia. Greater Syria Fertile Crescent Levantine Sea Near East Ancient Near East ... Geography of North Africa, Geography of Southeastern Europe, Geography of Western Asia). ... North-eastern Mediterranean has been put to print as a term for the Greater Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria ... Orfalea, Gregory (2006). The Arab Americans: A History. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press. p. 249. ISBN 9781566565974. The ...
American forensic scientists, American male pop singers, Columbia College (New York) alumni, Hofstra University faculty, Living ... He held a position as a research associate at the Institute of African Studies. His other training includes Advanced ... Robert Andrew Leonard is an American linguist. He is best known for his work in forensic linguistics, which relates to ... Leonard also studied the Thai language at the American University Alumni Association in Bangkok, Thailand, during the summer of ...
African-American baseball players, African-American coaches of American football, African-American lawyers, 20th-century ... political party put an African-American in charge of efforts to organize the African-American vote. Matthews criticized Lewis ... His joining the team caused some controversy, as one of a few African-American baseball players in American colleges at this ... Taking the field that day in a doubleheader against a team from Rutland, Matthews became the only African-American playing in ...
African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.29% from two or ... Exeter extends east from the Connecticut border to the town of North Kingstown. It is bordered to the north by West Greenwich ... Native Americans lived in the town prior to King Philip's War, and Wawaloam, a female Narragansett/Nipmuc leader lived in the ... The town of Exeter was formed in 1742 from the western part of North Kingstown. The name Exeter derives from the county town ...
American manual labor schools, Demolished buildings and structures in Ohio, Academic freedom, Lane Rebels, African-American ... American newspapers publicized the debates, and women supporters, "the Cincinnati Sisters," organized local schools for African ... Side B: In the winter of 1834, the students of Lane Theological Seminary, including some southerners and one African-American ... A well-to-do African-American shipowner, Paul Cuffe, transported some former slaves to Sierra Leone. However, sending former ...
20th-century American criminals, 21st-century African-American people, 21st-century American criminals, African-American people ... American people convicted of assault, American people convicted of drug offenses, American people convicted of murder, American ... American prisoners sentenced to life imprisonment, American rapists, American serial killers, Crime in Milwaukee, Crime in ... Walter Earl Ellis (June 24, 1960 - December 1, 2013), known as The Milwaukee North Side Strangler, was an American serial ...
... slavery and African-American culture, Caribbean Studies, and Latin American Studies. He is a professor at the University of ... Dewulf works mainly on slavery and African-American culture in Dutch Brazil, New Netherland and New York City, most notably the ... S2CID 237712750.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link) "How Brazilian are Quicumbis? On Mestiçagem and "African ... America's First Black Christians (Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 2022) "Jeroen Dewulf - Department of German". german ...
This one contained 61,700 words in 279 different languages (171 Asian, 55 European, 30 African and 22 American languages). ...
20th-century African-American sportspeople, 21st-century African-American people, Infectious disease deaths in Colorado, Deaths ... African-American basketball players, All-American college men's basketball players, American expatriate basketball people in ... Meely was a Big Eight all-conference performer all three years at Colorado, and was a first-team All American as a senior. He ... Cliff Meely (July 10, 1947 - May 29, 2013) was an American basketball player who played five seasons in the National Basketball ...
In America, do they hate Blacks or Jews more?': The terrible cost of four years of Trump , Opinion". Haaretz. Retrieved 2020-12 ... Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2013-2017), Director General of the Foreign Service (2012-2013), U.S. ... "Asian American and Pacific Islanders who worked for Obama endorse Biden". NBC News. Archived from the original on 2020-06-30. ...
21st-century African-American people, 21st-century African-American women, All stub articles, American comics creator stubs). ... African-American comics creators, American cartoonists, American women cartoonists, Artists from New Jersey, Artists from New ... Whit Taylor is an American cartoonist. Taylor grew up in New Jersey and is based in New York, where she works as a Public ...
Thanks to her friendship to Dizzy Gillespie Martin was introduced to jazz music and African-American folklore, which became ... notably the title of Master of Argentine Art and Culture by the National Institute of Anthropology and Latin American Thought ...
South-African Pentecostal church leader, one of the founders of the Charismatic movement Oral Roberts (1918-2009) Healing-tent ... American Female Evangelist, pastor, and organizer of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel Charles Fox Parham (1873 ... American female evangelist who brought Pentecostalism into the mainstream denominations Steven Jack Land, theologian Gerald ...
According to Moses biographer Robert Caro, close associates of Moses had claimed they could keep African Americans from using ... It is bounded by 111th Street to the south, First Avenue to the west, 114th Street to the north, and the FDR Drive to the east ... North and south of the pool area, there is terrace seating slightly raised above the main deck. The recreation center, ...
Civil Rights Tobacco companies have marketed menthol cigarettes specific to African Americans; groups have pursued civil rights ... Smith, Stephen E. (November 2002). "'Counterblastes' to Tobacco: Five Decades of North American Tobacco Litigation". Windsor ... African American Upward Mobility and the Semiotics of Smoking Menthols". Public Culture. 15 (2): 295-322. doi:10.1215/08992363- ... McCabe v British American Tobacco (2002) was the first personal injury case outside the United States to win a verdict against ...
The death rate for African Americans has declined about 25% over 17 years, primarily for those aged 65 years and older. ... African Americans are living longer. The death rate for African Americans has declined about 25% over 17 years, primarily for ... For example, African American adults are more likely to report they cannot see a doctor because of cost. All Americans should ... African Americans ages 35-64 years are 50% more likely to have high blood pressure than whites. ...
... honoring the triumphs and struggles of African Americans throughout U.S. history. ... Also known as African American History Month, the event grew out of "Negro History Week," the brainchild of noted historian ... A number of African American female athletes have emerged as trailblazers in their particular sports over the years, from track ... Black History Month honors the contributions of African Americans to U.S. history. Among the prominent figures are Madam C.J. ...
Thank you for your interest in visiting the African American Museum of Iowa. The museum building is currently closed for an on- ... African American Museum of Iowa. 55 12th Avenue SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52401. (319) 862-2101 ...
African Americans with ulcerative colitis or Crohns disease are more likely than whites to experience extraintestinal ... Among patients with UC, 345 were white and 19 were African American. In the CD group, African Americans had higher rates of ... "The African American population that we were looking at has a more atypical disease presentation, with differences in ... In the UC group, African Americans had higher rates of extraintestinal manifestations overall (42.1% vs 20.8%; P = .029), joint ...
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American health disparities and access to healthcare are among the issues concerning the health of Blacks and African Americans ... African Americans and Glaucoma (Glaucoma Research Foundation) * African-Americans and Heart Disease, Stroke (American Heart ... African American Health (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) * On the Move to Better Heart Health for African Americans ... HIV and African American People (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) * Infant Mortality and African Americans ( ...
African-American Museums, History, and the American Ideal by John E. Fleming The Journal of American History, Vol. 81, No. 3, ... Generally, an African American neighborhood is one where the majority of the people who live there are African American. Some ... This African American house design is found in both rural and urban southern areas, mainly in African-American communities and ... For many African Americans, the ghetto was "home", a place representing authentic African American culture and a feeling, ...
American Tower) African operations (ATC Africa) and Airtel Africa plc (Airtel Africa, or the Group) today announced that ... JOHANNESBURG--(BUSINESS WIRE)--American Tower Corporations (American Tower) African operations (ATC Africa) and Airtel Africa ... American Tower in Africa We established our presence in Africa in 2011 and today operate more than 23,000 sites across Burkina ... ATC Africa Selena Olende Director Public Affairs - EMEA American Tower Africa [email protected] ...
JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it ...
Reaching out for resources to see how to search for an African American OB/GYN. My first birth story… ... P.S. I also called a few African American doctors that were in my county but were an hour or more away and asked for referrals ... This time around I think its imperative to me that I have an African American OB/GYN to hopefully elevate some of the ... Ive decided to continue forward with the one that I previously found, who is not African American and will invest in a doula ...
HIV and Black/African American People in the U.S. ... HIV and Black/African American People in the U.S.. ... and other longstanding barriers are key drivers of the disproportionate impact of HIV among Black or African American ( ... CDC shares these data publicly through various channels-including annual data reports and Americas HIV Epidemic Dashboard ( ...
... and quitting resources specific to the African American community. Part of the Tips from Former Smokers campaign, which ... Real Stories: African Americans Featured in Tips®. Learn the real stories of African Americans who are suffering from smoking- ... Real Stories: African Americans Featured in Tips®. Learn the real stories of African Americans who are suffering from smoking- ... which are among the leading causes of death for African Americans in the United States. ...
Boston Universitys institutional history includes the first African American born a slave to receive a PhD in America-John ... African American Studies enables students to identify a particular focus or theme, work intimately with faculty advisors from ... African American & Black Diaspora Studies Program. 138 Mountfort St, Brookline, MA 02446. Phone: (617) 353-2795; Email: [email protected] ... The Masters program in African American Studies offers the best of both worlds: a small program housed in a great research ...
... were African American) in the Georgia Senate runoff, NBC News Political Contributor Greg Bluestein reports. Republican Herschel ... African American early voter turnout gives Democrats a confidence boost in Georgia. Duration: 03:44 11/28/2022. ... African American early voter turnout gives Democrats a confidence boost in Georgia. NBC News ... were African American) in the Georgia Senate runoff, NBC News Political Contributor Greg Bluestein reports. Republican Herschel ...
Reallocation of some funds given to police departments could benefit social services and minority-owned businesses.
African American History Month, 2009. Audio Script. African American History Month is observed as a way to recall and ... In 2008, there were 17.7 million African Americans in the labor force-accounting for 11 percent of all Americans aged 16 and ... African American college graduates earn more than twice as much as those with less than a high school diploma. ... In 1970, more than half of the African Americans in the labor force had less than a high school diploma. By 2008, that figure ...
... humanitarian and leader in the African-American civil rights movement in the United States from the... ... African American Civil Rights Activist. 1303 Words , 6 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American, civil rights ... was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian and leader in the African-American civil rights movement in the United States ... King was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He was ...
A first: African American Marine promoted to 4-star general. The Marine Corps has its first African American four-star general. ... African American guards N-word request gets him fired. MADISON, Wisconsin (CNN) - An African American security guard told a ... "I was the first African American councilwoman here and now Im the first African American mayor, said Eastpointe mayor-elect ... Wright Museum of African American History. The Charles H Wright Museum is one of the largest African American museums in the ...
African-Americans are more likely to die from COVID-19 than white Americans, data show. Experts blame long-standing health ... African-Americans are still more likely to be uninsured than white Americans. And African-Americans who are insured spend a ... Why African-Americans may be especially vulnerable to COVID-19. African-Americans are more likely to die from the disease than ... African-Americans tend to have higher rates of diabetes. Part of that heightened risk has to do with African-Americans ...
The National Museum of African American Music offers a first look before their official opening in late January ...
Tag: African-American. Posted inArts & Culture What did a 1930s ballet say about cultural appropriation in modernist Chicago?. ... Cook County commissioner calls for study to examine the status of the African-American male. by Maya Dukmasova July 28, 2016 ... Adeshina Emmanuel decodes J.B. Pritzkers wiretapped conversation about the "African-American thing." ... Black Americans get a raw deal from Trumps new deal platform. by Derrick Clifton November 22, 2016. August 18, 2021. ...
Xavier University of Louisiana has announced a new initiative to unite groups working on the promotion of African American ... Augustus Tolton, former African American slave, advances toward sainthood. Jun 12, 2019 ... Gregory appointment a milestone in the history of African-American Catholics. Apr 4, 2019 ... New resource center to promote African American sainthood causes. Aug 1, 2018 ...
Native-American and African-American art in the United States. While on campus see the Emancipation Oak, where Hampton ... Next discover Aberdeen Gardens, a historic neighborhood built for and by African Americans in 1935 as part of F.D.R.s New Deal ... chronicles the African Americans role in the Army Air Corps. Include an IMAX® film for a truly spectacular visit. Enjoy the ... so too is the citys history intertwined with the story and contributions of African Americans to our country. Tour the Hampton ...
Check out all of the American Express South Africa card rewards and see how you can earn more points. ... Learn about the different types of rewards from American Express South Africa. ... Learn more about exclusive American Express rewards for American Express card holders. ...
Celebrate and honor African American history and heritage during Black History Month in February by attending a park event. ...
5.00 USD African American Consumer Patterns Nielson Report / Dr. Angelo Reynolds Combatting Illiteracy in Black Children ... 7.50 USD Larry Tye: The Telling of African American History / Problems with Commercially Processed Fruit Juices keidiobi ... 95.00 USD Lift Every Voice and Sing African American National Anthem for orchestra and choir music ... 5.00 USD Omiyale Jube: Navigate Your Existence, 7 Keys to an African American Resurrection / Mastering Monetization: Customer ...
Pages in category "African-American singers". The following 112 pages are in this category, out of 112 total. ... Retrieved from "" ...
Tags: Africa, African American, African Americans, Bill Cosby, California State, Education, race. Category: Other , 19 Comments ... Tags: Africa, African American, African Americans, Bill Cosby, Education, Freedom Every, Gail Davis, Maulana Karenga, race. ... Tags: Africa, African American, African Americans, compensation, germany, NAACP, One Note, United States, US. Category: ... Tags: Africa, African American, African Americans, Bill Cosby, Education, Gail Davis, race, Self Reliance. Category: ...
  • She described it as a factual African history course that also details what Africans experienced upon their arrival in North America. (
  • Those who managed to escape from their owners went to North America or Canada where slavery isn't as widespread as it is in the South. (
  • Five of the "New World" Hantaviruses cause HCPS in North America, while a few others cause disease in Central America and South America. (
  • The Agency presents here the second volume in the series, which includes wider geographical coverage and is based on data from 27 registries in 14 countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Central America. (
  • The World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announces the publication of cancer survival data from 27 population-based cancer registries in 14 countries in 'Cancer Survival in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Central America,' a follow-up to the 1999 volume entitled Cancer Survival in Developing Countries. (
  • We established our presence in Africa in 2011 and today operate more than 23,000 sites across Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. (
  • Pieter Hugo in Conversation with Joanna Lehan (21 February 2007), Published in Messina/Musina, Punctum Editions, 2007 JL: Musina is the northernmost town in South Africa. (
  • Details for: Traditional adoption practices in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. (
  • Leprosy control has now reached a critical milestone: patient numbers have dramatically reduced in recent decades, although pockets of the disease remain in several countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America. (
  • The majority of Africans brought to the North American and Caribbean colonies as slaves came from West Africa, and it is to this region that historians and folklorists turn in searching for antecedents of traditional African American musical forms. (
  • Banjo-like lutes have been described in West Africa for at least seven hundred years, and oral histories suggest that lute playing may have been practiced centuries earlier. (
  • Contemporary musicologists have documented the amazing variety of musical expression and instrument manufacture that exists in West Africa today, much of which bears a clear resemblance to historical traditions in the Americas. (
  • Things Past Telling by Sheila Williams is the sprawling of tale of Little Bird, or Maryam, a girl taken from her home in West Africa in the 18th century and transported to the Americas where she is forced to carve a new life path. (
  • Black History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by African Americans and a time for recognizing their central role in U.S. history. (
  • Also known as African American History Month, the event grew out of "Negro History Week," the brainchild of noted historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. (
  • That September, the Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson and the prominent minister Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by Black Americans and other peoples of African descent. (
  • Known today as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), the group sponsored a national Negro History week in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass . (
  • President Gerald Ford officially recognized Black History Month in 1976, calling upon the public to "seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history. (
  • Today, Black History Month is a time to honor the contributions and legacy of African Americans across U.S. history and society-from activists and civil rights pioneers such as Harriet Tubman , Sojourner Truth , Marcus Garvey , Martin Luther King Jr. , Malcolm X and Rosa Parks to leaders in industry, politics, science, culture and more. (
  • Since 1976, every American president has designated February as Black History Month and endorsed a specific theme. (
  • The Black History Month 2023 theme, " Black Resistance ," explores how 'African Americans have resisted historic and ongoing oppression, in all forms, especially the racial terrorism of lynching, racial pogroms and police killings,' since the nation's earliest days. (
  • Black History Month honors the contributions of African Americans to U.S. history. (
  • Boston University's institutional history includes the first African American born a slave to receive a PhD in America-John Wesley Bowen-awarded by BU's School of Theology. (
  • African American History Month is observed as a way to recall and commemorate the achievements and history of Americans of African descent. (
  • For more information, visit . (
  • Celebrate and honor African American history and heritage during Black History Month in February by attending a park event. (
  • Blacks understand from their history the inequality and social injustice of American capitalism -- it's what African Americans have lived under before the Great Recession and continue to suffer today. (
  • African Americans have endured what has been described as the greatest loss of collective assets in their history. (
  • Exhibit Egungun Society Dancer African masquerade performers enact legends and stories that recount history and express social values through music, dance, and. (
  • Discover the people and events that shaped African American history, from enslavement and activism to the Harlem Renaissance and Civil Rights Movement. (
  • This collection traces the history and culture of African Americans particularly in the Eastern North Carolina region. (
  • When Gwen Ifill was here as the keynote speaker for the University of Michigan's MLK Day Symposium , she joked that anyone who missed the "I Have a Dream" speech on MLK Day would have another chance in February during African American History Month, a slightly cynical reminder that for some, these are the only two times of the year many suddenly remember to cursorily think about African American history. (
  • Wild Swan Theater celebrates African American History Month with a full slate of wonderful programs this month that skillfully combine music, humor, friendship and wisdom while traversing both the culture of Africa and the history of African America. (
  • For the first time in the history of our country the number of children of color, specifically African-American, Latino and Asian are quietly passing the number of white children. (
  • This activity enables teachers to use blues music to explore the history of African Americans in the 20th century. (
  • Tuesday, February 21 @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm - Learn from Urban Intellectuals modernized "Black History Flashcards" revealing African American and Black History Pre-1492 to S.T.E.A.M. From Hidden Figure Katherine Johnson at N.A.S.A. to Our Vice President of United States Kamala Harris. (
  • The African American ethnic groups will always be part of a history class discussion. (
  • This paper will go through the long and colorful history of the African Americans who lived in the United States. (
  • All of them are living reminders of a vast and largely lost dimension of American musical history - and, yes, they are all quite playable, wonderful-sounding instruments. (
  • Douglass is a key figure in American history, and Blight has made his career largely through his expertise on Douglass's life. (
  • African American Research Workshop Participants and Friends, In honor of Black History Month, Fold3 is offering FREE access to African American records. (
  • This entry was posted in African American , African American Culture , Education , Genealogy , History , Spokane African American Voice , Uncategorized by Bob L. . Bookmark the permalink . (
  • Reaching out for resources to see how to search for an African American OB/GYN. (
  • For example, the Alzheimer's research center has had an African-American Advisory Board since 2000 to help it be "more welcoming to people of color," Morris says. (
  • This event triggered the quick spread of slavery across the American colonies. (
  • This made slavery even worse as the law reduced the influx of African slaves. (
  • The Free Blacks have begun meeting regularly to propose strategies on how to abolish slavery and the discrimination that all African Americans were suffering from. (
  • Psychologists suggest that the historical circumstances of slavery, unfavorable socioeconomic conditions, and the overwhelming stress that African American women face accounts for the startling statistics. (
  • The textbooks and other materials used to teach adolescents about slavery and the American Civil War overemphasize, to a degree amounting to deception, the participation of kindly white people, largely Quakers, and provide only a fleeting glimpse of the occasional African-American. (
  • Cite this: For Urban-Based African Americans, Proximity to a Dermatologist Varies by ZIP Code - Medscape - Jun 24, 2020. (
  • The appropriate efforts needed to expand and improve the Commonwealth's commercial and cultural ties with the nations of Africa and the Caribbean. (
  • Assumed by many to be predominantly associated with Appalachian "hillbilly" culture and the folk revival in the Northeastern United States, it may come as a surprise to find that the banjo- the proverbial "white-man" mountain instrument-was developed centuries ago by enslaved Africans in the North American and Caribbean colonies. (
  • Enslaved Africans began arriving in the Caribbean in the early sixteenth century very shortly after the European discovery of the Western Hemisphere. (
  • JOHANNESBURG--( BUSINESS WIRE )--American Tower Corporation's (American Tower) African operations (ATC Africa) and Airtel Africa plc (Airtel Africa, or the Group) today announced that they have entered into a multi-year, multi-product agreement, leveraging ATC Africa's vast portfolio of communications sites and new site and product development capabilities across its footprint in Kenya, Niger, Nigeria and Uganda in support of Airtel Africa's network rollout. (
  • All new site development under the agreement will comply with ATC Africa's new green site specifications, which is expected to substantially reduce reliance on fossil fuels, while advancing American Tower's progress toward achieving its science-based targets (SBTs). (
  • Airtel Africa's environmental goals are aligned with ours and, as we expand digital reach on the African continent, we remain committed to reducing GHG emissions in tandem with our growth. (
  • Access to broadband services has helped unlock an array of new opportunities and services that are enhancing the livelihoods of Africans, spurring Africa's economic growth, and advancing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda for the continent. (
  • The Hall of African Peoples explores Africa's cultural heritage from ancient Egypt to more modern times. (
  • African-Americans have increased exposure to COVID-19, in part, because they disproportionately have jobs in the service sector. (
  • I absolutely agree with the premise that police forces need more accountability and that the costs of the current lack of accountability fall disproportionately on African Americans. (
  • And given that Beyonce was actually feeding an African American child, who is disproportionately less likely to be breastfed, I thought it was a huge failure on the media and the movement's part not to mention the seemingly obvious connection. (
  • African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, V is the fifth in an ongoing series of annual exhibitions celebrating twentieth-century African-American art. (
  • this exhibition gathers a strong body of work representing the rich diversity of 20th century African-American artists. (
  • In the 18th century, historians estimate that 6 to 7 million Africans were transported to America by the English colonizers. (
  • Higher education has made progress in the enrollment of under-represented minorities, yet very notably, African American men continue to enroll in college at very low rates. (
  • African-American neighborhoods or black neighborhoods are types of ethnic enclaves found in many cities in the United States . (
  • Even so, Barnes says she was excited to see the study "because we have so little data" on African-Americans and other racial and ethnic minorities. (
  • Positivie Image Gifts is the premier source of exquisite ethnic collectibles and fine gifts, catering to the African-American and Hispanic markets. (
  • It has been demonstrated that there is a non-uniform geographic distribution of dermatologists, in which they tend to practice in urban settings," the study's first author, Nathan Vengalil, MD, said in an interview following the virtual annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology. (
  • Extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) are more common in African Americans in both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), but there were no racial disparities in treatments or clinical trial enrollment, according to a study presented here at the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) 2012 Annual Scientific Meeting and Postgraduate Course. (
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. was a very established man who influenced America to make leaps and bounds in regards to racial injustice. (
  • But the virus' spread across the United States is exposing racial fault lines, with early data showing that African-Americans are more likely to die from the disease than white Americans. (
  • The data are provocative and add to an emerging database with the potential to "change the way we think about racial differences," if confirmed in prospective studies, said press briefing moderator Robert Dreicer, MD, a clinical and scientific expert for the American Society of Clinical Oncology. (
  • His statement, like many others in this compilation of quotations, reflects the black experience in America and touches upon the role of racial identity. (
  • We're on a mission to increase opportunity for African American students and reduce the racial and gender gaps that currently exist in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). (
  • Family structure, racial socialization, perceived parental involvement, and social support as predictors of self-esteem in African American college students. (
  • This course is ideal for anyone interested in African-American spirituals, racial justice, or theology related to human suffering. (
  • They currently work with a large variety of African-American and Hispanic artists, such as Annie Lee, Dexter Griffin, Billy Dee Williams, Keith Mallett and Consuelo Gamboa to name a few. (
  • Health differences are often due to economic and social conditions that are more common among African Americans than whites. (
  • African Americans ages 18-49 are 2 times as likely to die from heart disease than whites. (
  • African Americans ages 35-64 years are 50% more likely to have high blood pressure than whites. (
  • Among patients with CD, there were 797 whites and 86 African Americans. (
  • Cite this: IBD Symptoms Differ Between Whites and African Americans - Medscape - Oct 23, 2012. (
  • Furthermore, it is also an unfortunate reality that African Americans suffer from inferior access to care compared to whites across health care. (
  • African Americans are already almost twice as likely as whites to die from stroke. (
  • In the southeastern states in the United States (US), where African Americans have historically faced great social and economic disadvantages, the TB rate among African Americans is more than eight times the rate among whites. (
  • The study's findings suggest that the distribution of dermatologists is not uniform even within the urban environment, especially when comparing areas with different representations of African American persons. (
  • This study's findings demonstrated that African American women perceived the barriers to breast cancer screening include lack of information about available resources , belief that screening cannot change genetic predisposition , embarrassment from exposing the breast for a mammogram, fear of mammograms, and fear of a positive result. (
  • SAN FRANCISCO -- African-American men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and no prior chemotherapy lived significantly longer than white men when treated with newer hormonal therapies, a review of VA Health System data showed. (
  • Historically, African Americans will march and rally around issues of racism that directly affect them. (
  • FILE - Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis speaks after being sworn in to begin his second term during an inauguration ceremony outside the Old Capitol on Jan. 3, 2023, in Tallahassee, Fla. DeSantis' administration has blocked a new Advanced Placement course on African-American studies from being taught in high schools, saying the class violates state law and that it is historically inaccurate. (
  • TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) - Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis' administration has blocked a new Advanced Placement course on African American studies from being taught in high schools, saying it violates state law and is historically inaccurate. (
  • Historically, in the United States, African-American artists have encountered a society which relegated them to its periphery, but the tide has begun to change. (
  • Houston's The Fifth Ward is a predominantly African American neighborhood in that Texas city. (
  • Chicago 's South Side and adjoining South Suburbs together constitute the largest geographical predominantly Black region in America , stretching from roughly Cermak Road (22nd St) on the north in the Near South Side to the far south suburb of University Park - a distance of approximately 40 miles. (
  • This means that predominantly African American urban communities may face consequences of low provider availability including longer waits times, decreased diagnosis of skin cancer, and worse health care outcomes. (
  • IBD is commonly thought of as [typified by a] young, Caucasian patient, [but] the African American population really hasn't been studied. (
  • We know that the African American population tends to be more genetically diverse than the Caucasian population," Dr. Sofia said. (
  • To date, limited data have emerged regarding survival of African-American and Caucasian men who received abiraterone or enzalutamide for mCRPC and no prior exposure to chemotherapy. (
  • To report a single-center 10-year experience of outcomes of kidney transplantation in African Americans (AAs) vs Caucasian Americans (CA) and to propose ways in which to improve kidney transplant outcomes in AAs, increased access to kidney transplantation, prevention of kidney disease, and acceptance of organ donor registration rates in AAs. (
  • This same study revealed the depression rate among African American women is 50% higher than our Caucasian counterpart. (
  • Generally, an African American neighborhood is one where the majority of the people who live there are African American. (
  • [ citation needed ] Black people continue to live in poorer neighborhoods than white people and Americans of other races. (
  • Sustainability is at the core of our strategy, driven by our corporate purpose to transform lives across Africa and support people, businesses, and governments in getting access to better connectivity. (
  • HIV and Black/African American People in the U.S. (
  • African-Americans are less likely than employed people in general to work in professional and business services - the sorts of jobs more amenable to telecommuting. (
  • A study of 1,255 people, both black and white, found that cerebrospinal fluid from African-Americans tended to contain lower levels of a substance associated with Alzheimer's, researchers report Monday in the journal JAMA Neurology . (
  • Dioramas depict a variety of scenes, from the Berbers of the desert in North Africa to the Pokot people in East Africa. (
  • Please people, please tell me you are going to start deep-sixing the kinds of recruiters who, when approached by African-American men looking for information on your multicultural engineering program, respond internally with "I'm a white guy so what the hell do I [need to] know about the MEP? (
  • People from all over Africa are being brought to America to work in the cotton, rice, indigo, sugar, and tobacco industries. (
  • During this time, some African American people already hold political positions of power in the South. (
  • Urban ZIP codes with higher percentages of African American people tend to have fewer dermatologists. (
  • Next, they ordered these ZIP codes from low to high concentrations of African American people. (
  • The researchers found that ZIP codes with high percentage of African American people have an average of 1.02 dermatologists (1 per 39,367 people), which is below the recommended limit of 1 per 25,000 people. (
  • Meanwhile, ZIP codes with a low percentage of African American people averaged 2.84 dermatologists (1 per 14,000 people), which is above the adequate limit. (
  • Diabetes is also more common in people of Mexican and Puerto Rican ancestry than in people of Cuban or Central/South American ancestry. (
  • Despite the formal laws and segregation, black neighborhoods have played an important role in the development of African-American culture . (
  • Though rooted in the histories and experiences of African Americans, our program has always been comparative, looking at race, culture, immigration and politics in a global and cross-cultural context. (
  • To sing Spirituals is to sing in memory of the Slaves and their faith, to recall these songs sung for centuries and handed down to us today as part of the legacy of the African American culture. (
  • We explored the influence of personal barriers,stereotypes, socioeconomic status , culture , attitudes , and beliefs on African American women 's behavior regarding breast cancer screening . (
  • Lincoln is going urban in a new ad push promoting the 2011 Lincoln MKX crossover with a new spot about an African-American lawyer who makes partner and celebrates with her MKX. (
  • This event celebrates African American literature and art through special guests, activities and books for all ages. (
  • Looking toward the future, it will be important to incentivize the development of practice locations in urban African American communities to combat the health disparities of our most underserved patients. (
  • and 3) develop interventions in several sites that will address the identified barriers to reduce and eliminate TB disparities within the African-American community. (
  • Where race data are known - for only 3,300 of 13,000 COVID-19 deaths - African-Americans account for 42 percent of the deaths , the Associated Press reported April 9. (
  • We performed exome sequencing in a reference panel of 761 African Americans and then imputed newly discovered variants into a larger sample of more than 13,000 African Americans for association testing with the blood cell traits hemoglobin , hematocrit , white blood count, and platelet count . (
  • This act freed nearly 4 million African American slaves but angered abolitionists for slaves in the border states that were loyal to the Union were not among those declared free. (
  • Martin realized during his youth what a devastating toll inequality was taking on America. (
  • What does exist is a handful of written descriptions of African instruments in journals, travel logs, and slave-trading documents. (
  • Historical writings suggest that music and dance were encouraged on slave ships for exercise, and that African instruments, including the "banjer," were used to provide this music. (
  • For example, African American adults are more likely to report they cannot see a doctor because of cost. (
  • U.S. adults, including African Americans, consume more than the recommended amounts of salt or sodium, which raises blood pressure and increases the risk for stroke. (
  • Populations increased very rapidly with the addition of African-American migrants and new European immigrants, which caused widespread housing shortages in many cities. (
  • Racism, systemic inequities, social and economic marginalization, residential segregation, and other longstanding barriers are key drivers of the disproportionate impact of HIV among Black or African American (hereafter referred to as Black) communities in the U.S. (
  • This 90-minute webinar focuses on how anti-black racism impacts African Americans' access to care and the quality of care they receive. (
  • Founded in 1969, the African American Studies Program at Boston University was the first graduate program of its kind in the country. (
  • The media depiction of Muslim women usually does not include African American women. (
  • Shawn Lollie, Lincoln multicultural marketing manager, tells Marketing Daily that the African-American focus for the MKX is on women and that the ads will run on networks like CNN, TV1, TVS, and Gospel. (
  • We conducted research and found that the vehicle appeals strongly to African-American women," she says, adding that the company will support the MKX with several experiential-marketing programs this year and next. (
  • But I also came across many shocking replies from African-American women about depression. (
  • Yet, because African American women as a whole are less likely to have adequate health care and under or simply do not report their symptoms of depression to a health professional, millions suffer in silence. (
  • Over the past six years as I've been working as an author and commentator on the African American motherhood experience, I have become deeply frustrated by the lack of credible information or in-depth analysis on black women and their breastfeeding experiences . (
  • Researchers followed more than 4,000 African American men and women over 15 years. (
  • A National Institutes of Health study, which followed 4,410 African American men and women for 15 years, suggests that African Americans could significantly cut their risk of stroke if they stopped smoking. (
  • Adherence to the recommendations for breast cancer surveillance is poorly practiced among African American women . (
  • The study aimed to identify barriers to preventative screening for breast cancer among African American women (AAW) using a qualitative research design. (
  • Fourteen African American women were interviewed. (
  • Dr. King in the 1950s and 1960s, led protests and spoke on numerous occasions about injustice and segregation within the African American community. (
  • So researchers at Washington University have spent the past two decades reaching out to the African-American community in St. Louis. (
  • Labour joining the Occupy movement reflects a fundamental coming together of unions with high Black memberships and issues that reflect the broad interests of the African American community. (
  • The collection highlights African American groups on campus, the civil rights movement, the African American laborers' role in the Southern economy, and the African American community. (
  • At the high school I work at, Luther Burbank High, the administration has partnered with local community members to call all African American students and their families weekly . (
  • Don't miss out on valuable news about the African American community delivered directly to your email inbox. (
  • I paused for a second and wondered why in 2014 is it that the African-American community is in perpetual denial about clinical depression and the reality of living with it. (
  • Mental illness in the African American community is one of those dark, closeted, subjects that only gets dragged out into the light when a loved one or celebrity commits suicide. (
  • Why are we, in the African American community, "uncomfortable" with the discussion of mental illness disorders? (
  • Perhaps that explains the apathetic and accusatory responses of some in the African American community to Wayne Brady's confession of being a sufferer of clinical depression. (
  • It is painful to know that in 2014, we as African Americans, refuse to embrace those in our community who suffer from mental illness disorders, or even acknowledge that we may be affected. (
  • The study findings are consistent with the emerging theory of Community Expectancy, suggesting that many informal factors play important roles in encouraging the academic performance and ultimately the college enrollment of African American men. (
  • A Legacy of Excellence" honors graduating African American seniors of TUSD who have achieved academically and who are active in their community. (
  • This multi-phase research project was developed to understand the individual, institutional, and community-level barriers and facilitators to TB control in African Americans in the southeastern region of the US. (
  • Individual interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with African-American TB patients, persons at high-risk for TB, health care providers and community leaders. (
  • Explore thr Oxford African American Studies Center through dispatches from Editor in Chief Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (
  • For instance, almost 30 percent of employed African-Americans work in the education and health services industry and 10 percent in retail, according to 2019 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (
  • African American Studies enables students to identify a particular focus or theme, work intimately with faculty advisors from these different backgrounds, and produce a final thesis that represents that work, followed by a public defense of the project. (
  • In addition, they found a major branch separating most Africans from non-Africans, which probably represents H. sapiens' first major exodus from the continent, 52,000 to 27,500 years ago. (
  • The concept African American dancers represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Normal Public Library . (
  • Some of the earliest African-American neighborhoods were in New Orleans , Mobile , Atlanta , and other cities throughout the American South , as well as in New York City . (
  • The Masters program in African American Studies offers the best of both worlds: a small program housed in a great research university in an exciting and diverse city and an environment in which students can forge close relationships with faculty . (
  • Work with students to perform a Native American song and dance, Owl Dance. (
  • What can schools do to specifically support African American students during the school closure crisis? (
  • Today's post will address reaching another potentially vulnerable group: our African American students, and it features contributions from Antoine Germany and Larry Walker. (
  • In 2002 the proportion of all students enrolled in colleges and universities who were African-American men was the same -- 4.3 percent -- as it was in 1976. (
  • In order to maintain our status as a Super Power in the world we must improve the academic outcome for the new and diverse majority of American students. (
  • Its scope and coverage: Notable African American Writerscompiles 80 essays on great novelists, poets, playwrights, short-storywriters, and writers of nonfiction from colonial America to today.Students, librarians and teachers will find a comprehensive overview ofeach author's biography and literary career as well as ready-referencelistings of their major works in all genres. (
  • This initiative is designed to provide scholarship and academic support for African American high school students and veterans who aspire to earn STEM degrees and pursue careers in the STEM field. (
  • The program will award one-time scholarships to 120 African American students. (
  • In a statement, the College Board said, "Like all new AP courses, AP African American Studies is undergoing a rigorous, multi-year pilot phase, collecting feedback from teachers, students, scholars and policymakers. (
  • Sharon Courtney, a high school teacher in Peekskill, New York, teaching the African American studies course, said her students were "shocked" to learn Florida blocked the class. (
  • We will ensure that African American students receive the highest quality education. (
  • So, while I read African American literature, write African American literature, live African American literature, I remain open to diversity because it makes me a better me. (
  • A place where we discuss African American Literature, authors, reviews, and everything pertaining to the books we love. (
  • Study the civil rights movement in America through music and literature. (
  • Fromslave narratives to abolitionist tracts, from the Harlem Renaissance ofthe 1920's to the Black Arts movement of the 1960's and 1970's, African American writers have always influenced literature in the UnitedStates. (
  • Smoking cigarettes puts you at risk for heart disease, cancer, and stroke, which are among the leading causes of death for African Americans in the United States. (
  • Now, new research finds that African Americans who smoke have more than double the risk of stroke, compared with African Americans who have never smoked. (
  • Each year approximately 795,000 Americans have a stroke. (
  • Why are African American men at higher risk for stroke? (
  • Sickle cell disease, a common genetic disorder in African Americans, can lead to a stroke. (
  • Black Breastfeeding 360°: Celebrating A New Resource For African American Moms, Plus: A Nursing Bra Giveaway! (
  • On Thursday nights in the United States, ABC airs American Crime, an 11-part series that looks at a murder that took place in Modesto, California. (
  • Led by former U.S. Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, Democrat of California, the commission focuses on public policies affecting the health of young African-American men. (
  • Frances Kai-Hwa Wang is a second-generation Chinese American from California who now divides her time between Ann Arbor and the Big Island of Hawaii. (
  • This reveals that lack of provider proximity may contribute to barriers that urban African Americans face in accessing dermatologic care," he concluded. (
  • I have written about clinical depression and mental illness disorders previously, and what frightens me is the obvious lack of understanding that we as African-Americans have on the subject. (
  • Treatment with enzalutamide (Xtandi) or abiraterone (Zytiga) led to a median overall survival of 30 months for African-American men as compared with 26 months for white patients. (
  • A large volume of evidence has demonstrated that African-American men have an increased risk of developing mCRPC and have worse survival as compared with Caucasians. (
  • When controlling for access to care -- through a single-payer system -- in chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients, African Americans may have better overall survival than Caucasians treated with abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide," McNamara said in conclusion. (
  • Democrats are confident in the "cushion" they've been given over Thanksgiving weekend by a big turnout in early voters (40% were African American) in the Georgia Senate runoff, NBC News Political Contributor Greg Bluestein reports. (
  • She is editor of Asian American Village , lead multicultural contributor for , and a contributor for New America Media's Ethnoblog . (
  • The death rate for African Americans decreased 25% from 1999 to 2015. (
  • African Americans competed for work and housing with first or second generation immigrants in many major cities. (
  • P.S. I also called a few African American doctors that were in my county but were an hour or more away and asked for referrals and most staff told me "I only know the doctor I work for" and I said your doctor will likely have peers that she may be able to refer but they asked that I schedule a consultation visit to ask. (
  • In 2008, there were 17.7 million African Americans in the labor force-accounting for 11 percent of all Americans aged 16 and over who were employed or looking for work. (
  • These events feature the texts, talks, and discussions by and about African American authors and serve as a way to recognize and amplify their work. (
  • Through knowledge, voice, and action, we work to empower and uplift the lived experiences of young Black Americans today. (
  • African American Student Services Staff - We work for You! (
  • The death rate for African Americans has declined about 25% over 17 years, primarily for those aged 65 years and older. (
  • Over the last several years, ATC Africa has made forward-thinking investments to ensure we achieve tangible reductions in our on-site fossil fuel consumption in Africa," Marek Busfy, SVP and CEO of ATC Africa stated. (
  • In 2008, the unemployment rate for African Americans 25 years and over without a high school diploma was over 14 percent, while the jobless rate for college graduates was 4 percent. (
  • They base these arguments largely on the fossil record, which shows that some of our immediate predecessors Homo neanderthalensis and Homo erectus , for instancehad migrated out of Africa as early as two million years ago. (
  • When they compared the rest, a trunk and major branches became clear: the most recent common ancestor of all subjects in the study lived in sub-Saharan Africa some 171,500 to 50,000 years ago, suggesting that we are all descended from a single group there. (
  • A few years ago, the body of a popular African American author and columnist was discovered hanging in her New York apartment: She had committed suicide. (
  • According to Native American legend, HCPS has existed in North America's southwest desert for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. (
  • Also, the study included just 173 African-Americans and was able to obtain spinal fluid samples from only half of them. (
  • First, though, researchers would need to confirm the tau connection in a study that includes many more African-Americans, Barnes says. (
  • But a new study published in today's issue of Nature lends more credibility to the rival theorynamely that Homo sapiens emerged only in Africa, and only later infiltrated other regions, wiping out the Neanderthals already living there over time. (
  • The findings "confirm that higher education is a public good that benefits far too few black men in America," writes the report's author, Shaun R. Harper, an assistant professor and research associate at Pennsylvania State University's Center for the Study of Higher Education. (
  • Mental Health America concluded in a study that 63% of African Americans "believed that depression is a personal weakness" and only 31% "believed that depression is a health problem. (
  • The current study explores the factors that lead to the college enrollment of African American men, using the lived experiences of 8 undergraduates at mid-western universities. (
  • In fact, the study found that the risk drops to about the same level as African American nonsmokers. (