A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A species of gram-negative to gram-variable, nitrogen-fixing bacteria. They are free-living in SOIL or found in association with PLANT ROOTS. It is the type species of the genus AZOSPIRILLUM.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.

Progress toward measles elimination--Southern Africa, 1996-1998. (1/197)

Despite routine measles vaccination coverage of >70% in southern Africa during the early 1990s, low-level endemic transmission and periodic epidemics of measles continued. Since 1995, six southern African nations (Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe) have launched measles-elimination initiatives in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Regional Office (AFR). Strategies include programs to 1) achieve routine vaccination coverage of > or =95% with one dose of measles vaccine administered at age 9 months; 2) implement a one-time national catch-up measles vaccination campaign to interrupt indigenous transmission of measles; 3) implement periodic national follow-up measles campaigns to maintain interruption of measles transmission; and 4) establish case-based measles surveillance with laboratory confirmation. This report presents preliminary data about the progress toward measles elimination in the six southern Africa countries.  (+info)

Genetic differentiation of some Glossina morsitans morsitans populations. (2/197)

To study the population structure of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and singlestrand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) methods were used to estimate mitochondrial DNA diversity at four loci in six natural populations from Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and in two laboratory cultures. The Zambian and Zimbabwean samples were from a single fly belt. Four alleles were recorded at 12S and 16S1, and five alleles at 16S2 and COI. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed their singularities. Chi-square contingency tests showed that allele frequencies differed significantly among populations. Mean allele diversities in populations averaged over loci varied from 0.14 to 0.61. Little loss in haplotype diversity was detected in the laboratory cultures thereby indicating little inbreeding. Wright's fixation index F(ST) in the natural populations was 0.088+/-0.016, the correlation of haplotypes within populations relative to correlations in the total. A function of its inverse allows an estimate of the mean equivalent number of females exchanged per population per generation, 5.2. No correlation was detected between pairwise genetic distance measures and geographical distances. Drift explains the high degree of differentiation.  (+info)

Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa". (3/197)

The Lemba are a traditionally endogamous group speaking a variety of Bantu languages who live in a number of locations in southern Africa. They claim descent from Jews who came to Africa from "Sena." "Sena" is variously identified by them as Sanaa in Yemen, Judea, Egypt, or Ethiopia. A previous study using Y-chromosome markers suggested both a Bantu and a Semitic contribution to the Lemba gene pool, a suggestion that is not inconsistent with Lemba oral tradition. To provide a more detailed picture of the Lemba paternal genetic heritage, we analyzed 399 Y chromosomes for six microsatellites and six biallelic markers in six populations (Lemba, Bantu, Yemeni-Hadramaut, Yemeni-Sena, Sephardic Jews, and Ashkenazic Jews). The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades. Interestingly, one of the Lemba clans carries, at a very high frequency, a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is known to be characteristic of the paternally inherited Jewish priesthood and is thought, more generally, to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin. The Bantu Y-chromosome samples are predominantly (>80%) YAP+ and include a modal haplotype at high frequency. Assuming a rapid expansion of the eastern Bantu, we used variation in microsatellite alleles in YAP+ sY81-G Bantu Y chromosomes to calculate a rough date, 3,000-5,000 years before the present, for the start of their expansion.  (+info)

The ecology of Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis in southern Africa. (4/197)

The only non-human host of Lassa virus so far identified is the multimammate mouse, Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis, but its precise role in the natural Lassa fever cycle remains to be determined. This species is also an important link in the plague cycle in southern Africa and is one of the commonest rodents of Africa. It is a prolific breeder and can be kept and bred easily in captivity. It is thus an excellent laboratory animal, although it needs to be handled with care because it is aggressive towards man and bites readily. The current status of knowledge of its taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and role as a disease vector is reviewed, but attention is drawn to the possibly disastrous consequences of attempting to eradicate a vector species before the natural cycle of the disease and the ecology of the vector are fully understood.  (+info)

The biology, behaviour, and ecology of Mastomys natalensis in southern Africa. (5/197)

The multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, is the most widespread and common rodent in Africa south of the Sahara. It is an ideal carrier of normally non-human diseases to the domestic environment, not only because of its semi-commensal habit but also because of a combination of other behavioural and ecological factors. Of these, the most important is an exceptionally high propagation rate.  (+info)

Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. (6/197)

Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus. The research, conducted from 1992 through 1999, focused specifically on heterosexual transmission in 5 sites that were selected to reflect urban and rural experiences, various populations, and economic and political opportunities for women at different historical moments over the course of the HIV epidemic. The authors found that the female condom and other woman-controlled methods are regarded as culturally appropriate among many men and women in southern Africa and are crucial to the future of HIV/AIDS prevention. The data reported in this article demonstrate that cultural acceptability for such methods among women varies along different axes, both over time and among different populations. For this reason, local circumstances need to be taken into account. Given that women have been clearly asking for protective methods they can use, however, political and economic concerns, combined with historically powerful patterns of gender discrimination and neglect of women's sexuality, must be viewed as the main obstacles to the development and distribution of methods women can control.  (+info)

Cooperation, control, and concession in meerkat groups. (7/197)

"Limited control" models of reproductive skew in cooperative societies suggest that the frequency of breeding by subordinates is determined by the outcome of power struggles with dominants. In contrast, "optimal skew" models suggest that dominants have full control of subordinate reproduction and allow subordinates to breed only when this serves to retain subordinates' assistance with rearing dominants' own litters. The results of our 7-year field study of cooperative meerkats, Suricata suricatta, support the predictions of limited control models and provide no indication that dominant females grant reproductive concessions to subordinates to retain their assistance with future breeding attempts.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (8/197)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

The workshop will explore how the APRM process has unfolded in Southern Africa. It will also assess the current status of regional economic community (REC) engagement with the APRM, in particular the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The organising partners also hope to initiate dialogue with SADC and other African RECs to establish a deeper and more structured relationship between them and the APRM continental institutions. Workshop participants will make recommendations for ways in which the APRM and RECs can and should work more closely to enhance good governance practices.
The Regional Water Policy for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is aimed at providing a framework for sustainable, integrated and coordinated development, utilisation, protection and control of national and transboundary water resources in the SADC region. This policy is intended to support the SADC Common Agenda of socio-economic development and regional integration and improvement of the quality of life of all people in the region.. The policy was formulated through a highly participatory and consultative process, implemented over a period of 12 months, involving diverse stakeholders including senior government officials from ministries dealing with economics, law, water resources, agriculture, energy, and environment. Other stakeholders included academic and research institutions, private companies, consultants in various disciplines, as well as representatives of local and regional NGOs, and community leaders.. This policy includes nine (9) thematic areas, addressing key ...
The Secretariat of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in collaboration with the European Union (EU) on 20th August, 2020 hosted a regional validation meeting for the SADC Minimum Standards for Food Fortification which is in support to the operationalization of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy (RAP) funded under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF).
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This paper used two panel data models estimated by the random effects and fixed effects approach to establish the impact of environmental quality on health status in 12 SADC countries between 2000 and 2008. Proxies of environmental quality used in the paper are carbon emissions, access of people to improved water sources and improved sanitary facilities. Health status was measured by infant mortality rate. Environmental factors are found to account for about 38 percent of mortality in the region. The paper concluded that carbon emissions do not have an impact on health status of SADC countries. Access to improved water sources and sanitary facilities are found to have a greater impact on infant mortality than socioeconomic variables. The study also reports that there is significant difference in infant mortality rates between countries with environmental laws and where there are none. We conclude that it is important for SADC countries to strengthen environmental regulations meant to improve ...
For purposes of facilitating the delivery of services, SADC countries are divided into regions / provinces and local areas. In this article, it is argued that population density, ethnic groups and the size of SADC countries are important factors to be considered in the demarcation of each country into manageable administrative regions. The establishment of administrative regions, in turn, necessitates the creation of intergovernmental structures that are responsible for the co-ordination of the activities of two or more spheres of government.
The SAHGP includes scientists, medical practitioners, biostatisticians, ethicists, government representatives, lawyers and industry representatives, and is managed and led by southern Africans (emphasising the critical importance of sovereignty); its outputs will benefit southern African populations. The SAHGP will therefore focus specifically on southern African genomes; one of its most important objectives is to build local capacity for genomerelated research to ensure that this programme remains true to its objectives of being Africo-centric and is sustainable. Evidence suggests that humans evolved in Africa; consequently, the African gene pool is likely to hold import information regarding the selection of genetic variants in response to changing environments. However, this information has not been fully examined in Africa so as to understand population-specific disease burdens and the efficacy of various treatments. The programme aims to make a significant contribution to understanding DNA ...
3 SADC social protection instruments: towards a minimum floor. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has as its mission the promotion of sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development through efficient production systems, deeper cooperation and integration, good governance, and durable peace and security, so that the region emerges as a competitive and effective player in international relations and the world economy.19. In order to achieve its mission, member states have concluded various instruments, such as Charters, Protocols, and Codes. Amongst these are instruments which are geared towards the promotion of adequate social protection in the region. SADC social protection-related instruments include the Declaration and Treaty of the SADC (the SADC Treaty), the Charter of Fundamental Social Rights in the SADC (the Social Charter), the Code on Social Security, the Protocol on Gender and Development, the Protocol on Health, the Protocol on Education and the ...
The continued prevalence of such laws is driving people in same-sex relations underground, and making authorities stubborn to the fact that even prisoners are having sex in prison, Kelly told a workshop on the role of the media and parliamentary involvement on HIV and AIDS, held in the Zambian capital of Lusaka on March 17.. The priest said that instead of criminalizing sexual orientation, southern African countries should follow the South African example and legalize gay partnerships, to ensure access to prevention and treatment, as well as the involvement of these people and prisoners in the battle against the epidemic.. Still, Kelly later told Ecumenical News International, I am not saying I support men-to-men sex.. The Lusaka workshop was organized by the parliamentary forum of the Southern African Development Community, and Panos, a media and communication network.. Originally from Tullamore in Ireland, Kelly has lived and worked in Zambia for more than 50 years. He has been ...
This discussion paper is a joint production of the FAO Subregional Office for Southern and East Africa and FAO Land and Water Development Division as a response to the regional drought of 2001 and 2002 in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The paper attempts to diagnose the root causes of the failure of food production systems that depend upon the control of water in the all-important root zone. The continuing vulnerability of staple food production systems to periodic drought and the volatility of incomes that are derived from agriculture continue to confound the subregion. Food import bills use up hard-won foreign exchange and distribution logistics to food short areas are stretched to the limit. Turning this chronic vulnerability around, it is argued, will require an advance on two fronts. First, by enhancing profitable farm operations through improved farm management and water control. Second, by expanding the economic opportunities for farmers through progressive regulation
In depositing its instrument of ratification at the United Nations today, South Africa took the formal step to become the twenty-third state to ratify the Rome Treaty. The ICC will prosecute future cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The court will come into being after sixty states have ratified the treaty. South Africas ratification is a major step forward on the path to establishing the court, said Brigitte Suhr, Counsel for the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch. South Africa has provided consistent leadership on behalf of an independent and effective ICC, and its ratification sends a strong message that this Court has strong support in every region. We believe its action today will help to spur additional ratifications in southern Africa and around the world. During the treaty negotiations for the ICC in Rome in 1998, South Africa, along with other states from the Southern African Development Community (SADC), played a key role in thwarting ...
To manage the disease outbreak and to prepare African countries reliant on banana for food security and income generation, a stakeholder workshop of the African Consortium for Foc TR4 (AC4TR4) was held in Stellenbosch, South Africa, 23-24 April 2014, on the theme: Development of a Strategy to address the threat of Foc TR4 in Africa. Representatives from the following organization took part: Southern African Development Community (SADC), The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPO), IITA, Bioversity International, Stellenbosch University, national research organizations, and commercial growers. ...
in the region has been uncoordinated and sporadic.. The drought of 2015/2016, which has been the most severe in 35 years, has forced policymakers to rethink this issue. As a result, the Southern African Development Community has recently drawn up a Regional Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan to co-ordinate adaptation and mitigation efforts in the region.. Many countries in Southern Africa have limited climate change frameworks for the agricultural sector, and still less for the livestock sector. The region is endowed with a rich diversity of livestock, contributing significantly to the agricultural gross domestic product.. Overall, the warmer temperatures and concurrent changes in heat exchanges are likely to cause heat stress in cattle raised on natural pastures and in feedlots.. Heat stress suffered by beef cattle will possibly reduce foraging time, feed intake, growth performance and carcass quality. Reproduction performance will also be compromised. For example, conception rates will ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
The chairman of the military junta, Major General Justin Metsing Lekhanya, was ousted in 1991 and replaced by Major General Elias Phisoana Ramaema, who handed over power to a democratically elected government of the BCP in 1993. Moshoeshoe II returned from exile in 1992 as an ordinary citizen. After the return to democratic government, King Letsie III tried unsuccessfully to persuade the BCP government to reinstate his father (Moshoeshoe II) as head of state. In August 1994, Letsie III staged a military-backed coup that deposed the BCP government, after the BCP government refused to reinstate his father, Moshoeshoe II, according to Lesothos constitution. The new government did not receive full international recognition. Member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) engaged in negotiations to reinstate the BCP government. One of the conditions Letsie III put forward for this was that his father should be re-installed as head of state. After protracted negotiations, the BCP ...
Lusaka) - Government leaders gathered this week at a summit in Lusaka, Zambia should urgently press Zimbabwes government to end its broadscale attack on human rights, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today. Human Rights Watch called on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to deploy human rights monitors to Zimbabwe to assess the situation.. The summit, which takes place on August 16 and 17, 2007 is expected to address the ongoing political and economic crisis in Zimbabwe. At an extraordinary summit in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in March 2007, SADC asked South African president Thabo Mbeki to mediate talks between the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and the two factions of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Mbeki is expected to report back on the progress of the talks in Lusaka. SADC members must take strong and effective action to deal with one of the regions most grave crises - Zimbabwe, said Peter ...
The Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) commissioned the first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV/AIDS in 2002. That study had significant impact nationally, in the sub-region and internationally. The report received widespread attention, has been used to build the capacity of other Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries in implementing similar studies, and has impacted on policy, strategy and practice in the area of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Statistics South Africa currently uses the 2002 household survey to estimate the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS situation in the country. Since 2002, significant shifts have occurred and South Africa has made great strides: the roll out of a comprehensive programme for the care and treatment of HIV-infected individuals has begun and investment in mass media campaigns aimed at preventing new infections is at an all-time high. The NMF realised that it was important to assess the extent to which these policies and practices had changed ...
The DSI-NRF Centre in Indigenous Knowledge Systems (CIKS) hosted a two-day stakeholders meeting to promote the use of African multilingualism in teaching and learning, African indigenous languages and African home-grown philosophies. The Centre is a partnership among five Higher Education Institutions, namely, UKZN which serves as the hub; the University of South Africa; the Universities of Limpopo and Venda; and the North West University.. The initiative aims to promote the use of African indigenous languages and home-grown philosophies to domesticate and achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the Africa We Want (African Union Agenda 2063), in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The meeting which was attended by national and international delegates, was honoured by the presence of the former President of the United Republic of Tanzania, His Excellency Ali Hassan Mwinyi.. Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Teaching and Learning at UKZN, Professor Sandile Songca ...
Opponents of President Robert Mugabe accused his government Tuesday of unleashing thugs to attack opposition supporters and seizing white-owned farms in an attempt to retain power. Mugabe, who has led Zimbabwe for 28 years, has virtually conceded that he did not win March 29 elections and appeared to be campaigning for an expected runoff against Morgan Tsvangirai by intimidating foes and fanning racial tensions. Tendai Biti, secretary-general of Tsvangirais Movement for Democratic Change, said he feared more violence unless the African Union and the Southern African Development Community step in. Police said they arrested five electoral officials on charges of tampering with the results, giving Mugabe some 4,993 votes less than were cast for him, the state-controlled newspaper the Herald reported. Mugabes land reform was supposed to take large commercial farms - much of Zimbabwes most fertile land - owned by about 4,500 whites and redistribute it to poor blacks.
President of Botswana Ian Khama who is the current chairman of the Southern African Development Community, is expected to intervene following widespread protests in Zimbabwe.
Doing business 2014 : Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (English) This regional profile presents the Doing Business indicators for economies in Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). It also shows the regional average, the best performance globally for each indicator and data for the following comparator regions: East Asia and the Pacific, Economic Community of Central African States, Middle East and North Africa, Southern African Development Community, and European Union. ... See More + The data in this report are current as of June 1, 2013, except for the paying taxes indicators, which cover the period January to December 2012. Regional Doing Business reports capture differences in business regulations and their enforcement across countries in a single region. They provide data on the ease of doing business, rank each location, and recommend reforms to improve performance in each of the indicator areas. The report sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a ...
On Friday 20 June Amnesty Internationals Secretary-General Irene Khan wrote an open letter to the Chair of the SADC (the Southern African Development Community) urging him to convene an emergency summit to discuss the deteriorating human rights situation in Zimbabwe. The Secretary-General also called on the SADC to support the deployment of AU or UN human rights monitors to investigate alleged human rights violations and to urge the Government of Zimbabwe to respect human rights of its citizens. click to read the full version of the letter
At this point, water issues are being discussed by treaty negotiators as part of wider planning, prioritising and implementing of adaptation to a changing climate.. Dr. Ania Grobicki, GWP Executive Secretary, says that with growing numbers of countries expected to experience water scarcity, the current position of water in climate talks is inadequate.. The GDP of many countries in the least developed countries is dependent on water. More than 50 percent of food for the world will come from Africa in the future, and this is dependent on availability of water, she says. That is why this discussion should go beyond where its now.. More than 70 percent of the Southern African Development Communitys population depends directly on farming, overwhelmingly on rain-fed agriculture. The CSIRs projections are among many drawing attention to how predicted changes to rainfall, limited resources for adaptation and a lack of institutions and capacity to regulate river and stream flow will leave people ...
The virtual water trade is the idea that when goods and services are exchanged, so is virtual water. When a country imports one tonne of wheat instead of producing it domestically, it is saving about 1,300 cubic meters of real indigenous water. If this country is water-scarce, the water that is saved can be used towards other ends. If the exporting country is water-scarce, however, it has exported 1,300 cubic meters of virtual water since the real water used to grow the wheat will no longer be available for other purposes. This has obvious strategic implications for countries that are water-constrained such as those found in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) area.[2][3][4] Water-scarce countries like Israel discourage the export of oranges (relatively water intensive crops) precisely to prevent large quantities of water from being exported to different parts of the world. In recent years, the concept of virtual water trade has gained weight both in the scientific as well as in ...
Welcome to the archive of groundwater literature from the Southern African Development Community (SADC). See the about page for more information about this website. Click on a country below to browse country information or use the search form to find reports. Throughout the site references available to download in PDF format are indicated by ...
Copyright , Contact , Privacy policy , Terms & Conditions © SADC, BGS, GIZ and DFID 2017. This site is hosted by the British Geological Survey but responsibility for the content of the site lies with Southern African Development Community (SADC) not with the British Geological Survey. Questions, suggestions or comments regarding the contents of this site should be directed to [email protected] ...
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat will this week convene a two-day multi-sectoral stakeholder consultative meeting to develop a regional preparedness and response strategy to ...read more ...
Bush/ shrub encroachment is a great concern for rangeland managers in southern African savannas, especially because there is still no consensus about the main mechanisms behind the spread of woody species at the expense of grasses. Although much work has been done on the effects of fire, grazing, water and nutrient availability on rangeland productivity, the role of climate change, namely changes in CO2 concentrations and rainfall, and their potential interaction with manageable factors, such as grazing and fire, is not understood. This study focuses on investigating the combined role of elevated CO2, drought and land use on the balance between shrubs and grasses in southern African savannas. We used a climate gradient in Namibia, to set up experiments at a nested scale of realism and detail. I conducted semi-controlled to more controlled experiments in Germany, in the greenhouse and climate chambers, respectively. Here, the intention was to investigate how tree-grass interactions at a seedling ...
Governance of Mining, HIV and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa. David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu, and Martin McKee. Mining in southern Africa has amplified HIV and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics across the continent through social, political, and biological risks posed to miners and their communities. Aware of these risks for decades, policymakers have done little to regulate the mining sectors remarkable impact on Africas two largest epidemics. Here, we analyze the governance of mining in southern Africa to evaluate the sources of ineffective responses and identify mechanisms for ensuring effective cross-border care and global norms of responsible mining. We argue that action is needed by international agencies to spur the development of effective governance systems currently being constrained by domestic vested interests.. ...
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SOUTHERN AFRICA - To curb the spread of foot and mouth disease (FMD) from Zimbabwe, Botswana in 2003 started a massive project to erect a 2, 4-metre high electric fence to run 813 km along their common border, writes Ian Nkala.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) in Southern Africa. T2 - Research trends, challenges and insights on sustainable management options. AU - Machekano, Honest. AU - Mvumi, Brighton M.. AU - Nyamukondiwa, Casper. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - The diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, is a global economic pest of brassicas whose pest status has been exacerbated by climate change and variability. Southern African small-scale farmers are battling to cope with increasing pressure from the pest due to limited exposure to sustainable control options. The current paper critically analysed literature with a climate change and sustainability lens. The results show that research in Southern Africa (SA) remains largely constrained despite the regions long acquaintance with the insect pest. Dependency on broad-spectrum insecticides, the absence of insecticide resistance management strategies, climate change, little research attention, poor regional research collaboration ...
For the first time in the history of the African Development Bank, its Annual Meetings will be held virtually to comply with the COVID-19 pandemic-related social-distancing guidelines. The Governors Dialogue and the election of a president will be top of the agenda of the upcoming Meetings scheduled for 26-27 August 2020. This year, which marks the 55th meeting of the Banks Board of Governors and the 46th Annual Meeting of the African Development Fund, the Banks concessional arm, has the added significance of being an election year for the Banks president. The incumbent, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, is running as the sole candidate for a new five-year term.. Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the continents shores in early March, over 1,000,000 confirmed cases of the virus have been recorded in Africa. The pandemic has hit the regions economies hard in the wake of falling commodity prices and containment measures by governments that have led to country lockdowns.. For several months, the Bank has ...
Beegle, Kathleen, Deon Filmer, Andrew Stokes, Lucia Tiererova. Orphanhood and the Living Arrangements of Children in Sub-Saharan Africa. [New York] : The World Bank Development Research Group Poverty Team & Human Development and Public Services Team, March 2009. (Policy research working paper 4889). Save the Children (2010). Legal frameworks and policies for orphans and vulnerable children: SADC, 2010. G 494 E.UNIC.08.ALTE Alternative care for children in southern Africa : progress, challenges and future directions / Nairobi, Kenya : UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Social Policy and Social Protection Cluster, 2008.. G 494 E.UNIC.08.ASSE Assessing the orphan effect in determining development outcomes for children in 11 eastern and southern African countries / Nairobi, Kenya : UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Social Policy and Social Protection Cluster, 2008.. G 494 E.UNIC.08.REVI Campbell, Penelope. A review of monitoring and evaluation in support of ...
African Development Bank / Natural resources for development DOHA, Qatar, February 19, 2009/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- Remarks by Vice President El Bakri I welcome the opportunity to address the plenary session today on Natural Resources for Development. As you are well aware, the African Development Bank is striving to mainstream standards of good…
On the occasion of the 9th African Development Forum (ADF) in Marrakech, Morocco, the African Development Bank spoke with Abdalla Hamdok, Deputy Executive Secretary, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, on the way forward for development.
The African Development Bank is committed to Rwandas vision of transformation to a middle income economy as it commemorates the 20th anniversary of the genocide against the Tutsi in April 1994, said the President of the African Development Bank, Donald Kaberuka, while attending the commemoration...
The Collection comprises four reviews and five research articles, and highlights how scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in eastern and southern Africa can help prevent HIV, not only at the individual level but also at the community and population level, as well as leading to substantial cost savings for countries due to averted treatment and care costs. Two of the research articles are published in PLoS ONE; the remaining seven articles are published in PLoS Medicine on 29th November 2011. They can be accessed from the PLoS Medicine VMMC Collection page; the table of contents is also included below.. The first article by Catherine Hankins of UNAIDS, Steven Forsythe of The Futures Institute, and Emmanuel Njeuhmeli of PEPFAR/USAID, offers an introduction to the cost, impact and challenges of accelerated scaling up and lays out the rationale for the Collection. The remaining eight papers focus on the various factors that have important roles in effective ...
Introduction Definition of the Prevention Area Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is the complete removal of the foreskin of the penis by surgical means. Though VMMC may be conducted for a number of reasons, evidence from three clinical trials has shown that medical male circumcision can significantly reduce (but not eliminate) mens risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual vaginal sex. The U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports provision of VMMC by qualified, well-equipped professionals, and with the clients informed consent. To ensure that VMMC is provided as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that a minimum package of services should be available in all facilities providing male circumcision. This package includes HIV testing and counseling, screening and syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) where required; provision and promotion of male and female condoms; and counseling on
Press Release - President Jacob Zuma, in his capacity as Chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has arrived in Angola to attend the Summit of the SADC Organ Troika plus Chairperson of SADC which will take place in Luanda, Angola today, 21 November 2017.
By Kumbirai Nhongo. The civil aviation industry in southern Africa and the rest of the continent is projected to grow exponentially once the Single African Air Transport Market (SAATM) is fully implemented.. A joint meeting of Southern African Development Community (SADC) Ministers responsible for Information Communication Technology (ICT), Transport and Meteorology, held in Windhoek, Namibia on 24-27 September noted that it is possible to attain double-digit growth rates in the aviation sector if the SAATM is operational.. Developing a single air transport market is an African Union (AU) initiative, whose goal is to accelerate the implementation of the 1999 Yamoussoukro Decision, a treaty signed by 44 African countries to provide an open skies policy among Member States.. The full implementation of the Yamoussoukro Decision and the SAATM is expected to reduce aviation costs and make air transport services accessible to a wider population of business and leisure-related travellers.. The ...
BACKGROUND: follow-up visits are recommended to all voluntary medical male circumcision clients (VMMC), however, adherence is variable. High lost-to-follow-up cases limit knowledge about clinical status of clients and adverse events. This study sought to establish Motivators and Barriers to the Uptake of VMMC post-operative follow-up services in Siaya County, Kenya. METHODS: 277 clients from five VMMC sites in Yala were recruited immediately post-operation to participate in a telephone interview between the 21st and 31st day post-surgery during which a semi-structured questionnaire was administered. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyse quantitative information using SPSS while responses from open ended questions were grouped into themes, sieved out, coded and analyzed. RESULTS: 137(49.5%) of the 277 participants utilized the follow-up services. Health education (31.4%) and emergency reviews/adverse events (24.1%) were the main motivation for returning for follow-up while
Published in the journal PLoS One, this article reports on the frequency, type, and severity of adverse events after voluntary medical male circumcision in Botswana.. ...
WINDHOEK, Feb. 28 - The President of the Republic of South Africa, His Excellency, Cyril Ramaphosa is expected to pay a courtesy visit to His Excellency, Dr. Hage G. Geingob on Friday, 2 March 2018.. The courtesy visit on President Geingob, Deputy Chairperson of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and its incoming chair will focus on regional issues, including bilateral relations between the two countries ...
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli and colleagues estimate the impact and cost of scaling up adult medical male circumcision in 13 priority countries in eastern and southern Africa, finding that reaching 80% coverage and maintaining it until 2025 would avert 3.36 million new HIV infections.
Receiving the vehicles, Minister of Health Elizabeth Achuei said: The vehicles will facilitate the multidisciplinary and national response in at-risk and affected populations, and thus help save more lives and tackle the negative impacts of Covid-19. I wish to thank the African Development Bank and WHO for the generous support, and we shall ensure good utilization of these vehicles.. African Development Bank Country Manager for South Sudan, Benedict Kanu, said the vehicles would go a long way in filling the gap. However, the need remains great. We must not forget the looming food crisis, which is affecting the health and wellbeing of millions of people in South Sudan, as a result of flooding, conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic. We also need to accelerate a vaccine program in South Sudan and elsewhere in Africa to save lives and livelihoods.. Dr Fabian Ndenzako, the WHO representative a.i. for South Sudan, said: The vehicles will support continuity of delivery of response mechanisms, as ...
May 3, 2018 (Washington D.C.) - Hausfeld is proud to announce a groundbreaking settlement on behalf of Southern African gold miners suffering from occupational lung disease that was finalized today in Johannesburg, South Africa. This historic class action settlement, the first ever of its kind in South Africa, reflects more than a decade of preparation and litigation aimed at providing compensation to the gold miners who suffered from silicosis and tuberculosis over the last 50 years.
The gestation period is one month with a litter of between one and nine newborns. Mating season for the Southern African hedgehog is typically in the summer. With a gestation period of around 35 days, the babies are mainly born during the months of October through March. The size of the litters range from 1 to 11 babies with an average of four young. A newborn hedgehog typically weighs around 10g. The young are naked and blind when they are born and are born with infant spines, which are typically shed by the young when they are a month old.[2] The next set of spines that are grown are their adult spines. The amount of time it takes until a baby begins to forage with its mother is about 6 weeks and they will open their eyes about 2 weeks after birth. Hedgehogs can breed multiple times in one year and the baby hedgehogs reach sexual maturity 61-68 weeks of age. Males take no part in the raising of the young.[3] ...
A novel, hybrid segmentation technique reveals human heterogeneity in barriers towards a behavior, and is applied to characterize distinct segments in voluntary medical male circumcision.
Health, ...New York 13 December 2010A new report from the Womens HIV Prevention...Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women is the first report fr...The report highlights community-level support as well as concerns and ... Women are excited for medical male circumcision because theyre despe...,New,report,provides,womens,perspectives,on,medical,male,circumcision,for,HIV,prevention,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The African Development Bank’s Youth Agripreneur AgriPitch Competition and DealRoom connects expansion-ready, youth-led African businesses with global investors (debt, equity and/or grant). The DealRoom focuses on youth-led agribusinesses under the themes of nutrition and gender inclusivity. The goal of the AgriPitch Competition and DealRoom is to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture among youth in Africa and to generate jobs, create wealth and improve livelihoods through inclusive growth across the continent.. African companies that meet the criteria below are encouraged to submit their deal information for review by the Bank’s and Asoko Insight’s data teams. Qualified businesses will be promoted through the Asoko portal to global investors for matching. Interested investors can match with any deal by registering their profile and selecting target deals.. ...
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Plans to lay an undersea fiber-optic cable off eastern Africa could be the beginning of the end of crackling long-distance calls, slow dial-up Internet connections and universities without e-mail. Four projects are in the works to link 22 eastern, central and southern African countries to the worlds network of submarine cables…
Supreme court upholds judgment from 2012 that health workers coerced three HIV positive mothers to consent to prodedure.. Namibias Supreme Court has upheld a ruling that health workers sterilised HIV-positive women without their consent.. The original 2012 judgment had found that health workers had coerced three HIV-positive mothers to sign sterilisation consent forms they did not fully understand, while in labour.. The Southern Africa Litigation Centre said the ruling sends a message to the government to stop the practice in the southwestern African nation, and elsewhere on the continent.. Priti Patel, deputy director and HIV programme manager for the centre, told Al Jazeera the case was far from isolated.. What we think should happen now is that the government of Namibia needs to step up and start investigating the claims of these other women, she said.. The government needs to take active steps to make sure this stops happening.. This decision has far-reaching consequences not only for ...
Epizootic Ulceritic Syndrome Now in South Africa Olaf Weyl (South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity) The fish disease, Epizootic Ulceritic Syndrome or EUS for short, was recently diagnosed by researchers from the Aquaculture Research Division of the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, in barbel from a farm dam near Stellenbosch. The disease is caused by a fungus that is originally from Southeast Asia but has been spread to many other parts of the world by the movement of live fish and, possibly by the transport of contaminated water. While confirmed diagnosis requires histological examination of the tissue and genetic screening for the presence of the fungus, I have recently received an alarming number of reports of fish with ulcers from all over Southern Africa. Waters where suspect fish have been reported include Theewaterskloof Dam, Buffelsjagts and Arabie Dam in the Western Cape and more recently in Hartebeespoort and the Vaal Dam in Gauteng. I have also received ...
This original small group touring company has just released details of its outstanding 23-day relaxed and fully hosted 2015 tour featuring the highlights of Southern Africa. The fully escorted tour departs Australia flying with South African Airways on 23 October. Costs of $12638 pp twin share includes international and domestic economy airfares with first class hotels and lodges, all breakfasts, five lunches and 11 dinners, providing outstanding value for the seasoned traveller and first timers. ...
The long-term objective of the Malaria Training and Research Capacity Building in Southern Africa is to create a center of excellence for malaria research in So...
Buy Ancient Civilizations of Southern Africa [CD] online at Best Buy. Preview songs and read reviews. Free shipping on thousands of items.
Read Novel sugarcane streak and sugarcane streak Reunion mastreviruses from southern Africa and La Réunion, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Ocimum fimbriatum var. microphyllum - Species Dictionary - Southern Africa : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. iSpot is a website aimed at helping anyone identify anything in nature. Once youve registered, you can add an observation to the website and suggest an identification yourself or see if anyone else can identify it for you.
Observation - Dung beetles - Southern Africa. Description: Some dung beetles arrived shortly after this animal emptied its stomach on the gravel road. I suspect it to be elephant dung.
Actually, it is the evidence that circumcision has any effect on HIV - let alone that it reduces the risk… by more than 60% - that is underwhelming. It might reduce transmission from women to men (one of the rarer directions) by UP TO 60% (or down to zero) IF the three trials conducted by circumcision advocates on paid volunteers for circumcision were accurate. But reviews are coming in showing how they are not accurate. The latest is published in the Australian Journal of Law and Medicine this month.. The claim still rests on the very tiny and shaky basis of 73 circumcised men who did not get infected in less than two years, after a total of 5,400 men were circumcised in three non-double-blinded, non-placebo-controlled trials (where 64 of them did get it). 137 of the non-circumcised control group were infected, and that difference is the whole proof. The experimental group, but not the controls, signed a consent form in which they were told to abstain from sex for six weeks after the ...
In March this year Zimbabwe joined a growing list of countries in Africa and the world using the Chinese currency, yuan, also known as remnibi (RMB), as one of its official currencies after its central bank added the RMB, the Japanese yen, the Australia dollar and the Indian rupee to the existing basket of currencies. Zimbabwe abandoned its currency in 2009 when it was rendered worthless by excessive inflation. Since then, it has been using a basket of currencies dominated by the US dollar. In announcing the decision to adopt the yuan and other currencies, the then Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe acting governor, Charity Dhliwayo, said that the southern African countrys trade and investment with China, India, Japan and Australia had grown appreciably.. China is Zimbabwes third largest trading partner after South Africa and the European Union, and until recently was the biggest buyer of its tobacco. In 2013, trade between China and Zimbabwe amounted to $1.1 billion. Gift Mugano, a trade expert and ...
Bass, A.J., DAubery, J.D. and Kistnasamy, N. 1975. Sharks of the east coast of southern Africa. II. The families Scyliorhinidae and Pseudotriakidae. Investigational Report No. 37. South African Association for Marine Biological Research, Oceanographic Research Institute.. Bertolini, A. 1993. Aspects of the Biology of four Southern African Catsharks. Unsubmitted MSc thesis. Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town.. Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. Sharks of the World: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO, Rome.. Compagno, L.J.V., Ebert, D.A. and Smale, M.J. 1989. Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town.. Dainty, A.M. 2002. Biology and ecology of four catshark species in the Southwestern Cape, South Africa. M.Sc. thesis. Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town.. Dainty, A.M., Marks, M.A., Griffiths, C.L. and Compagno, L.J.V. 2001. Age, growth and consumption rate analyses of four catshark species ...
Data & statistics on Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries: Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Eastern African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Northern, Central and Southern African countries (1993, 2002)...
Speaker: Douglas Keene, MSH. Country response: Representatives of each of the seven southern African countries participating in the meeting will share their thoughts on the most important points learned at the meeting and what would be needed to achieve the objectives of medicines benefits policies on the path to UHC in their countries.. Representatives from Swaziland noted that although the public sector is the predominant source of health services for the countrys population, public-private partnerships exist for specific conditions, including renal dialysis, ART, and TB. Private sector TB medicines are paid for by medicine schemes that get medicines from the public sector. Swaziland is involved in the SADC pooled procurement initiative to use economies of scale to lower medicines prices and other regulatory harmonization activities. The country needs to accelerate UHC implementation to expand access to medicines and prioritize governance stewardship, inclusiveness, financing policies, and ...
JOHANNESBURG - The International Monetary Fund says it is deploying staff to Zimbabwe to monitor recovery in the embattled economy after striking the first IMF pact with the southern African country in more than a decade.. IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the organizations staff-monitored program does not include financial assistance. It runs through December.. The monitoring program recognized Zimbabwes strong commitment to economic reform after years of meltdown. It was an important stepping stone toward the countrys re-engagement with the international financial community, Lagarde said in an announcement available Friday.. Zimbabwes failure to honor external debt estimated at $10.7 billion since 1999 led to a freeze on loans from the IMF and other institutions. The nation adopted the U.S. dollar in 2009 to end world-record inflation in its own currency.. ...
Umhlobo Wenene FM. . Brothers for Life promote positive male norms and encourage the uptake of Medical Male Circumcision, Men taking up HIV Testing, Consistent condom use by Men and reduction of sexual partners. The campaign mobilises men to actively engage in activities to address Gender-Based Violence in their communities.
The developing countries has problem of such sources since many of the vehicles are unlicensed and uninsured. The most important two sources of Motor vehicles tax and levy on insurance are lower than expected level. The levy on fuel is best alternate to collect tax on vehicle either registered or not. To reduce evasion, South Africa now collects its third party injury premiums through a fuel levy. Four other Southern African countries have adopted the same procedure and it is also being considered in Mauritius. Collecting the insurance levy through a fuel levy offers the added benefit of relating payments to exposure -- those vehicles which travel more pay more ...
Yellow fever is making an alarming comeback in Africa. While the virus is endemic in 31 countries across the continent-with an at-risk population of 508 million people-Angola is currently experiencing the worst outbreak in around 30 years. At least 225 people have died in the southern African country from yellow fever, which is transmitted by the…. .rhexcerpt{display:none;} ...
In Malawi our engagement is part of the regional project Strengthening of Cooperative Structures in Southern African Countries as a means to alleviate Poverty.. The project aims to strengthen the cooperative apex organization MAFECO to fulfill its coordinating and guiding role for the dynamic Malawian cooperative movement. The partnership assists in financing the staff, developing services for the member cooperative unions and establish a capacity building and an audit unit. At the same time, MAFECO is given support in logistics.. The project is focusing on improving the data- and financial management capacity of rural coopera-tives. With pilot-cooperatives tools in the area of financial management are developed with book-keepers in a very hands-on-way on the ground. Also, parallel workgroups in Malawi and in Mozambique cooperate for the same purpose: the promotion of Financial Management.. The project promotes good management practices, standardization, inclusive business planning to improve ...
DEASA-SADC CDE International Journal of Open and Distance Learning, Second Issue April 2009 - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. This is the second issue of the International Journal of Open and Distance Learning (JODL), an annual publication of Distance Education Association of Southern Africa (DEASA) and the Southern Africa Development Community Centre for Distance Education (SADC-CDE), which comes out every September.
This is the first analysis known to the authors that attempts to explore patterns and associations of bisexual partnerships and of bisexual concurrency among MSM in Malawi, Namibia and Botswana. The majority of MSM sampled were sexually active with both men and women, about a third of MSM were married to women, and about one in six was in a stable sexual relationship with a man and a woman. Encouragingly, bisexual men and men in concurrent bisexual partnerships reported significantly higher rates of condom usage with regular and casual sexual partners, and reported lower sexual risk practices than men who reported only having sex with men. Since not using condoms with men was one of only two independent risks for HIV infection identified in this study, the finding that married men and men in concurrent relationships were more likely to use condoms with both male and female is encouraging. Nevertheless, we found overall rates of HIV infection in all three samples to be roughly twice as high as ...
Male circumcision (MC) reduces, by more than half, the risk of HIV-1 acquisition. WHO and UNAIDS recommend that male circumcision should be recognized as an efficacious intervention for HIV prevention especially in countries and regions with heterosexual HIV epidemics and low male circumcision prevalence. As a result, programs have been introduced and scaled up for voluntary medical male circumcision. Kenya leads with the largest expansion of services.. Early resumption of sexual intercourse after MC may have deleterious effects, including higher rates of post-operative surgical complications, and higher HIV acquisition among females in couples that resume sexual activity before certified wound healing. In the context of rapid scale-up of MC, adherence to post-operative clinic appointments allows clinicians to assess wound healing and to deliver risk reduction counseling. Abstinence from sexual intercourse before complete wound healing would reduce the rate of post-operative adverse events and ...
Peter C. Sutherland, surveyor-general of Natal, was taken to Nova Scotia, Canada, by his parents in 1830. When they returned to Scotland in 1841 their ship was wrecked and only Peter and his younger brother William were saved. In 1842 he entered Kings College, Aberdeen, as a medical student and qualified in 1847 as Doctor of Medicine (MD) and as a licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeon (LRCS) of Edinburgh. He supported himself during his student years by coaching fellow students and by going to sea during vacations. Thus he travelled as a chemist to West Africa to examine guano deposits. He almost died of fever there, but wrote a report on his findings. Later he travelled twice as surgeon with a whaling fleet in the North Atlantic.. After qualifying he set up practice in Fraserburgh, a small coastal town north of Aberdeen, but could hardly make a living. Hence in 1850 his adventurous nature led him to join an expedition to the Canadian Arctic in search of the missing explorer Sir John ...
Previously we had a big case of polio type2 which happened in November 2017 in Somalia. We intensified surveillance to ensure where cases were coming from. We started having campaigns and divided the ten countries into three zones - Somalia, part of Ethiopia bordering Somalia, and another part in Kenya bordering the Somali area. This problem became a regional outbreak as people were shedding the virus with the constant population movement. As this problem continued in Nairobi, it was declared that the problem needs joint effort polio eradication by WHO. While we were dealing with type2 we also got type3 polio outbreak again in the same region. We needed to double our efforts to fight the challenge.. Previously we stopped using oral vaccine of type 2 in those regions, so we had to come up with only e monovalent vaccine so that we could stop the transmission. The challenge we are t facing now is the population movement in those areas. So far we havent had other cases from this area. It seems like ...
The download wild and disease of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their store in Decreasing the Threat of Infectious Disease OutbreaksAll authorsKatherine C. hung year January 2017 hour Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance). Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance). The download wild and age of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their influenza in reeling the Threat of Infectious Disease OutbreaksAll authorsKatherine C. human Disease January 2017 Table 1.
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
Objectives: To determine the susceptibility of southern African strains of Yersinia pestis to novel as well as conventional antimicrobial agents.. Materials and methods: The MICs of 28 strains of Yersinia pestis from a southern African plague focus were determined by agar dilution.. Results: The most active agents were cefditoren and the fluoroquinolones, both conventional and novel. The in vitro activity of macrolides was poor against this member of the Enterobacteriaceae.. Conclusion: Further investigation of the novel quinolones olamufloxacin (HSR 903) and ABT 492 in animal models of plague would seem to be justified.. ...
One specimen was still living after 6.9 years in captivity [0671]. Nonetheless, further studies are necessary to establish the maximum longevity of this species. ...
December 1 is World AIDS Day, providing an opportunity for people and organizations worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV/AIDS. URC has been supporting many Governments efforts to combat the epidemic for over 30 years. Most recently, through the USAID Strengthening Ugandas Systems for Treating AIDS Nationally (SUSTAIN) and USAID Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) projects, we have been working in Uganda to expand coverage and uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), also known as safe male circumcision (SMC).
Mathematical modelling was used to compare the impact of combined interventions-extended antiretroviral therapy coverage, voluntary medical male circumcision, and pre-exposure prophylaxis among women-on HIV incidence in South Africa. The results are published in this article in BMC Infectious Diseases.. ...
LeadDiscovery was founded in 1998 by life scientists to help optimize drug discovery and pharmaceutical development. Based on a solid background of pharmaceutical research and development our aim is to help pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies discover new drug candidates and develop pipelines through the identification of breaking research and in depth and expert analysis. At the same time we provide a showcase for industrial and academic organizations wishing to increase the exposure of their research to the drug development community. We support the drug development community through two key services: DailyUpdates and PharmaReports. DailyUpdates is a popular alert service for the drug development sector identifying key scientific journal articles, drug development news and clinical trials; PharmaReports are in depth market research and pipeline analysis reports.
In the village of Horodok, in Ukraine, a subsidiary company owned by the Austrian company Kronospan is building a wood processing factory. Local residents
1944-45 President of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa 1963 Gill Medal of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa ... Southern Africa. 52: 55-61. Bibcode:1993MNSSA..52...55K. "Astronomer Alan Cousins dies at 97". News24. 22 May 2001. Retrieved ... He retired from the South Africa Observatory on 31 December 1976 but remained in a part time capacity and kept his official ... He then returned to South Africa and was employed at the Electicity Supply Commission, where he worked for 20 years. Throughout ...
Southern Africa. 70: 37. Bibcode:1971MNSSA..30...37C. "k1Coronae Australis". Alcyone.de. Retrieved 23 January 2015. CS1 maint: ... Corben, P. M. (1971). "Photoelectric Magnitudes and Colours for Bright Southern Stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. ...
Southern Africa. 24: 41. Bibcode:1965MNSSA..24...41L. Evans, D. S. (2006). "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial ... Bibcode:1982mcts.book.....H. Lake, R. (1965). "Photometric Magnitudes and Colours for Bright Southern Stars (Sixth List)". ...
Taita falcon, southern banded snake-eagle, African skimmer and Starling's woodpecker[clarification needed] are the bird species ... African Society, African Society. London, JSTOR (Organization) (1901). Journal of the African Society, Volume 1. MacMillan. pp ... Murphy, Alan (2010). Southern Africa. Lonely Planet. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-74059-545-2. Retrieved 2010-10-11. Briggs, Phillip ( ... The etymology of the word Lugenda in Yao language, a Bantu language spoken by the Yao people (East Africa) in Africa}, has the ...
"Jane's Sentinel Country Risk Assessments Southern Africa". Ihs Jane's Sentinel. Country Risk Assessments. Southern Africa. ... From 1998-99, 380 BDF soldiers formed part of a Southern African Development Community (SADC) task force to quell an internal ... "The Botswana Defence Force and the War against Poachers in Southern Africa". Small Wars & Insurgencies. 16 (2): 170-191. doi: ... A Contemporary History of Armed Forces in Southern Africa, Institute for Security Studies, 2005, 43-60. Institute for Security ...
Southern Africa. 70: 37. Bibcode:1971MNSSA..30...37C. Houk, N.; Swift, C. (1999). "Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional ... Corben, P. M. (1971). "Photoelectric Magnitudes and Colours for Bright Southern Stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. ...
Sources Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Bainbridge, James; Firestone, Matthew D. (2010-03-11). Southern Africa. Lonely Planet. p ... Ramokgwebana lies at the northern end of the only railway line in Botswana, which runs from Ramatlabama on the South African ...
"Photoelectric magnitudes and colours for bright southern stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. Southern Africa. 25: 44. ... It is also represented (as part of the Southern Cross) on the cover of the current (from 2015) Brazilian passport. The ... and Papua New Guinea as one of five stars which comprise the Southern Cross. It is also featured in the flag of Brazil, along ... a multiple star system 321 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Crux and part of the asterism known as the Southern ...
Asteraceae: Vernonieae) in Southern Africa". South African Journal of Botany. 102: 81-101. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2015.07.015.. ... Currently nine species are recognised in southern Africa, of which five are endemic to South Africa. The other four are more ... "Gymnanthemum mespilifolium , Observation , Southern Africa". iSpot Nature. Retrieved 2017-12-27. Robinson, H; Funk, VA (2014 ... The genus comprises some 43 species found in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, Southern Asia, and introduced into Brazil. ...
Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Bainbridge, James; Firestone, Matthew D. (2010-03-11). Southern Africa. Lonely Planet. p. 85. ... which started the first gold rush in Southern Africa the following year. In 1869 the Englishman Daniel Francis came to hunt for ... Main, Michael (2001-10-31). African Adventurer's Guide to Botswana. Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-576-2. Retrieved 2012-09-19. ...
"Southern Africa". In Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (eds.). Islam Outside the Arab World. London: Routledge. p. 115. ISBN ... Islam in Eswatini probably dates to the colonial period, when, as in Eswatini's much larger neighbor South Africa, many Muslims ... and refugees and immigrants from Asia and neighbouring African states. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community claims 250 members in the ...
African Books Collective. ISBN 978-99908-87-50-1. Murphy, Alan (2007). "Livingstonia". Southern Africa. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978 ... African Books Collective. ISBN 978-99908-87-15-0. McIntosh, Hamish (1993). Robert Laws: servant of Africa. Handsel. ISBN 1- ... He went as far as to say that the Associations could prepare Africans to elect Europeans, and later Africans, to the ... Laws aimed to teach Africans the skills needed to run trades and small industries so they would not be at the mercy of the " ...
Southern Africa. Lonely Planet travel guide. p. 327. ISBN 9781740597456. Voigt, Andreas (2004). National Monuments in Namibia: ... Paleontology portal Dinosaurs portal Africa portal List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Namibia Geology of Namibia Etjo ...
Southern Africa. Vol. X no. 6. Southern Africa Committee. pp. 2-6 - via African Activist Archive. Taylor 2007, p. 29. Zaloga ... Poland Southern Rhodesia - Twenty in service with the Rhodesian Army between 1949 and 1976. Saudi Arabia South Africa : 450 T- ... The Staghound entered service too late for use in the North African Campaign where its combination of armor, range and main ... the British Purchasing Commission was also looking for medium and heavy armored cars for use in the war in North Africa. Had ...
Southern Africa. 25: 44. Bibcode:1966MNSSA..25...44C. Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for ... de Vaucouleurs, A. (1957). "Spectral types and luminosities of B, A and F southern stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal ... Corben, P. M. (1966). "Photoelectric magnitudes and colours for bright southern stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. ...
Southern Africa. 29 (7). Bibcode:1970MNSSA..29....7C. Kharchenko, N. V.; et al. (2007). "Astrophysical supplements to the ASCC- ...
Southern Africa. 56: 74. Bibcode:1997MNSSA..56...74O. "Society Business: Candidates proposed; Fellows elected". Monthly Notices ... His original device was used for many years at the astronomy department of the University of South Africa. Finsen examined more ... He was the final director of Union Observatory in South Africa from 1957 to 1965 (it was renamed Republic Observatory in 1961 ... William Stephen Finsen FRAS (28 July 1905 - 16 May 1979) was a South African astronomer. He discovered a number of double stars ...
Tayob, Abdulkader (1999). "Southern Africa". In Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (eds.). Islam Outside the Arab World. ... different religious groups remain peaceful and friendly despite rising inter-religious tensions in the other parts of Africa. ...
Southern Africa. 25: 44. Bibcode:1966MNSSA..25...44C. Keenan, Philip C.; McNeil, Raymond C. (1989). "The Perkins catalog of ... Corben, P. M. (1966). "Photoelectric magnitudes and colours for bright southern stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. ...
Southern Africa. 32: 11. 1973. Bibcode:1973MNSSA..32...11C. Bopp, B. W.; et al. (1970). "Orbital elements of six spectroscopic ... doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. "UBV Photometry of Some Southern Stars (Second List)". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. ... Pi Piscis Austrini, Latinized from π Piscis Austrini, is binary star system in the southern constellation of Piscis Austrinus, ... spectroscopy of stars earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample". The Astronomical Journal. 132 (1): 161-170. arXiv: ...
Southern Africa". Theafricareport.com. Retrieved 22 June 2013. https://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21580163- ...
Southern Africa. 46: 72. Bibcode:1987MNSSA..46...72W. Schaefer, Bradley E. (2018). "The distances to Novae as seen by Gaia". ... Gill, C.D.; O'Brien, T.J. (October 1998). "Deep optical imaging of nova remnants: a southern sky sample". Monthly Notices of ... Whitelock, P.A. (January 1987). "Nova Cen 1986". Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa. 46: 72. Retrieved 1 ... Tomov, T.; Swierczynski, E.; Mikolajewski, M.; Ilkiewicz, K. (April 2015). "SALT observations of southern post-novae". ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Botha, Cynthia (2006). "Southern Africa". In Hefling, Charles; Shattuck, Cynthia (eds ... Phelps and his family emigrated to South Africa in 1909, he was successively warden of St Peter's Home in Grahamstown and ... Botha 2006, p. 198-. "New Primate Of South Africa Dr. Phelps Elected". The Times. London. December 19, 1930. "ARCHBISHOP OF ...
Botha, Cynthia (2006). "Southern Africa". In Hefling, Charles; Shattuck, Cynthia (eds.). The Oxford Guide to The Book of Common ... An Anglo-Catholic opposition to the 1920 South African edition of the Book of Common Prayer was led by Darragh. The ... Lewis, Cecil; Edwards, G. E. (1935). South Africa: The Growth of the Church of the Province. London: Society For Promoting ... Dublin who served as a priest and school master in the Anglican Church in South Africa in the late nineteenth century, at ...
A Profile of Higher Education in Southern Africa. Volume 2: National Perspectives. Johannesburg: Southern African Regional ... The Republic of Botswana was one of the first countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to adopt a science ... Status of national innovation systems in the Southern Africa Development Community, 2015 Source of table: Mbula-Kraemer, Erika ... Mbula-Kraemer, Erika; Scerri, Mario (2015). Southern Africa. In: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (PDF). Paris: UNESCO. pp. ...
... a median number for Southern Africa. This was a higher ratio than the average for sub-Saharan Africa as a whole: 91 researchers ... Southern Africa. In: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (PDF). Paris: UNESCO. pp. 535-555. ISBN 978-92-3-100129-1. African ... Status of national innovation systems in the Southern Africa Development Community in 2015, in terms of their potential to ... In 2014, Malawian scientists had the third-largest output in Southern Africa, in terms of articles catalogued in international ...
List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1-2): 1-152(pt. 1), 1-270(pt. 2 ... Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist "Pechuel-Loeschea , Species Dictionary , Southern Africa , iSpot Nature". www. ... Pechuel-loeschea, common name Stinkbush or Bitterbos, is a genus of African plants in the elecampane tribe within the sunflower ...
"Photoelectric Magnitudes and Colours for Bright Southern Stars". Monthly Notes of the Astron. Soc. Southern Africa. 27: 11. ...
Orderson, Crystal (4 August 2016). "South Africa's city hall cliffhanger , Southern Africa". www.theafricareport.com. Retrieved ... The court also upheld the applicants' rights and those of the Gupta family as South African citizens to remain in South Africa ... A report compiled by the South African Council of Churches and South African academics stated that R40 billion (equivalent to ... The money having allegedly originated from South African parastatials such as South African Airways, Eskom and Transnet. The ...
Southern Africa. 22: 133. Bibcode:1963MNSSA..22..133C. Kukarkin, B. V.; Kholopov, P. N.; Kukarkina, N. P.; Perova, N. B. (1973 ... Sigma Canis Majoris was noted as a likely variable star in a list of bright southern stars studied at the Cape Observatory. The ... is a variable star in the southern constellation of Canis Major. It is approximately 1,120 light-years (340 parsecs) from the ... "Bright variable stars in southern hemisphere (first list)". The Observatory. 71: 199. Bibcode:1951Obs....71..199C. Cousins, A. ...
South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Find this book in the College of Southern Nevada library catalog. * Find this book in the Colorado State University libraries ... Find this book on the University of South Africa catalogue. * Find this book on the University of the Witwatersrand Library ... Find this book in the Southern Methodist University library catalog. * Find this book in the Stanford University library ...
Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities, "Baytown, Texas" Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ... Henrietta Bell Wells, first African-American woman to participate in debate team in Wiley College and to be a lawyer ... African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 14.42% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or ...
Invitation to the African Destubathon[edit]. Hi. You may be interested in participating in the African Destubathon which starts ... To pick a couple of examples: in several examples a link to Negro Southern League did not include a date and therefore I unsure ... Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There ... Even if contests aren't your thing we would be grateful if you could consider destubbing a few African articles during the ...
... s and workplace democracy in Africa (Routledge, 2016).. *Kjellberg, Anders. "The Decline in Swedish Union Density ... Thus, for instance, trade unions in both Nordic and southern European countries have devised collective bargaining agreements ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... "Trade Unionism in Colonial Africa" Journal of Modern African Studies, 4 (1966), pp. 65-81 ...
Western & Southern Open. Cincinnati, United States. ATP World Tour Masters 1000. Hard, outdoor. 15 - 21 August 2011. Partner: ... Match for Africa and Joining Forces for the Benefit of Children. Seasons. *2005 ... 2011 Western & Southern Financial Group Masters. Cincinnati, USA. ATP World Tour Masters 1000. ...
Gray H. Miller - Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas[19] ... "Judge Gray H. Miller's Biography - Southern District of Texas". www.txs.uscourts.gov.. ...
As the southern part of Nazca Plate and the Chile Rise became consumed by subduction the more northerly regions of the ... The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then disappeared as Africa collided with Eurasia in the Turkish-Arabian region ... Cande, S.C.; Leslie, R.B. (1986). "Late Cenozoic Tectonics of the Southern Chile Trench". Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid ... A few basal mammal groups endured into this epoch in southern landmasses, including the south american dryolestoid Necrolestes ...
South African-born composer Malcolm Forsyth lived in Edmonton from 1968 until his death in 2011. Perhaps his best-known ... The Southern Alberta Art Gallery in Lethbridge, which opened in 1976, is a leader in contemporary art. Smaller galleries ... From 1957 to 1985 the orchestra's home was the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium, after which time it moved to the new Jack ...
Al-Muntafiq, a large tribal confederation of southern Iraq. References[edit]. *^ a b USAID Archived 2014-11-11 at the Wayback ... North/East Africa(2.8%): M1 2.8%. *Sub-Saharan Africa(4.9%): L 4.9% ... As with most tribes of southern Iraq, the main authority was the tribal shaikh. To this day, the shaikh of a Marsh Arab group ...
There are currently two major casinos in the vicinity of Valley Center: Harrah's Resort Southern California and Valley View. ... African American, 2.84% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 6.45% from other races, and 2.96% from two or ... African American, 188 (2.0%) Native American, 295 (3.2%) Asian, 16 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 584 (16.0%) from other races, and ...
Zero Budget Farming is a variation on natural farming developed in, and primarily practiced in southern India. It also called ... from Africa to the temperate northern hemisphere. ...
... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... it established military training camps for Cambodian refugees in southern Vietnam, forming the nucleus of a future Cambodian ...
P. p. pica - (Linnaeus, 1758): British Isles and southern Scandinavia east to Russia, south to Mediterranean, including most ... P. mauritanica - Malherbe, 1845: North Africa (Morocco, northern Algeria and Tunisia) (now considered a separate species, the ...
Nketia, Kwabena (1961: 78) African Music in Ghana. Accra: Longmans. *^ Kubik, Gerhard (1999: 54) Africa and the Blues. Jackson ... a b Locke, David (1982). "Principles of Off-Beat Timing and Cross-Rhythm in Southern Ewe Dance Drumming" Society for ... Cuban music has been popular in sub-Saharan Africa since the mid-twentieth century. To the Africans, clave-based Cuban popular ... a b c Peñalosa, David (2009: 81). The Clave Matrix; Afro-Cuban Rhythm: Its Principles and African Origins. Redway, CA: Bembe ...
"Trails And Footprints: The Past Of The Future Southern Plains". The Future Of The Southern Plains (pp. 17-37) edited by Sherry ... African Americans were his playmates, and his father enjoyed watching him jig dance with the black children.[10][11] ... It's the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The rhythm's what's ... Wills not only learned traditional music from his family, he learned some Blues songs directly from African Americans in the ...
Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (African Union). *Pasteur Institute (in Cambodia) ...
"ABET-Accredited Programs: Southern New Hampshire University". www.ABET.org.. *^ "Dept. of Aerospace Engineering, A. James Clark ... South Africa[edit]. *University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), BSc(Eng) Aeronautical & MSc (Eng) Aeronautical (Aerospace) ...
At least 300 people were killed in clashes between Sudan's army and former rebels in the southern town of Malakal earlier this ... syndicated) article from South Africa). -- tariqabjotu 03:26, 15 December 2006 (UTC) *SA is Anglophone and has close ties to ... And it happens all the damn time, whether here in the western world or in South Africa. This is common. There is absolutely no ... It may be common place for people to go around killing large numbers of people in South Africa but it most certainly isn't in ...
Dialectal divergences are observable between the northern and southern forms of Galician-Portuguese in 13th-century texts but ... African Portuguese; the Galician-Portuguese still spoken in Spanish Extremadura, Fala; and other dialects. ... sharing common traits that differentiate them from the dialect of Central and Southern Portugal; but at the level of the common ...
Chatterji, SK (1921). "Bengali Phonetics". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 2: 1. doi:10.1017/ ... Besides the native region it is also spoken by the Bengalis living in Tripura, southern Assam and the Bengali population in the ... Volume 18 of London Oriental and African Language Library. John Benjamins Publishing. ISBN 9027273138. ...
Africa: Gen Thomas D. Waldhauser, USMC. Central: GEN Joseph Votel, USA. European: GEN Curtis Scaparrotti, USA. Northern: Gen ... Southern: ADM Kurt W. Tidd, USN. Special Operations: GEN Raymond A. Thomas, USA. Strategic: Gen John E. Hyten, USAF. ...
Uvular affricates can certainly be made but are rare: they occur in some southern High-German dialects, as well as in a few ... Uvular consonants are however found in many African and Middle-Eastern languages, most notably Arabic, and in Native American ... African and Native American languages. (Ejective uvular affricates occur as realizations of uvular stops in Lillooet, Kazakh, ...
Frogs in Africa. African clawed frog African dwarf frog African bullfrog Hildebrandtia ornatissima Hylarana parkeriana ... Southern Gray-cheeked Salamander · Southern Torrent Salamander · Southern Two-lined Salamander · Southern Zigzag Salamander · ... Alpine Newt · Bosca's Newt · Italian Crested Newt · Palmate Newt · Carpathian Newt · Smooth Newt · Palmate Newt · Southern ... Toads in Africa. Altiphrynoides malcolmi · Altiphrynoides osgoodi · Amietophrynus langanoensis · Amatola Toad · Cape Clawed ...
However, there are sections of South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa (particularly West and Central Africa), the Caribbean and ... October is the hottest month no matter whether is it in the southern or northern hemisphere. This is because October is the ... Changing pressure patterns that affect the seasonality of precipitation also occur in Africa though it generally differs from ... The monsoon climates of Africa, and the Americas for that matter, are typically located along tradewind coasts. ...
... and southern Greenland[44] and parts of Morocco (North Africa)[46] in the west, Scandinavia[46] and Britain[46] to the north, ... "Invasive Alien Bird Species Pose A Threat, Kruger National Park, Siyabona Africa Travel (Pty) Ltd - South Africa Safari Travel ... 1977). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa, the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 1: Ostrich ... Jiguet, Frédéric; Audevard, Aurélien (21 March 2017). Birds of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East: A Photographic Guide ...
By c. 2,000,000 - c. 1,500,000 BP, groups of hominins began leaving Africa and settling southern Europe and Asia. Southern ... Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. 200,000 BP, left Africa ... Clark, JD, Variability in primary and secondary technologies of the Later Acheulian in Africa in Milliken, S and Cook, J (eds ... In Africa, bone artifacts and the first art appear in the archaeological record. The first evidence of human fishing is also ...
South Africa. Cape Town. Kenya. University of Nairobi. United Kingdom. Bristol. Leeds. Sheffield. Southampton. York. United ... University of Southern Denmark. *University of Szczecin. *University of Trieste. *University of Valladolid ...
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). *Southern Regional Council. *Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) ... African-American churches attacked. *List of lynching victims in the United States ...
The black wildebeest is native to southern Africa. Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in ... P., Apps (2000). Wild Ways : Field Guide to the Behaviour of Southern African Mammals (2nd ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 146. ... Stuart, C.; Stuart, T. (2001). Field guide to mammals of southern Africa (3rd ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 202. ISBN 186-8725- ... "African Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2014.. *^ "Circulation Coins: Five Rand (R5)". South African Mint Company. ...
... , commonly known as pampas grass,[1] is a flowering plant native to southern South America, including the ... Whilst in New Zealand, South Africa and Peninsular Spain, the plant is banned from sale and propagation for the same reasons.[ ...
Populations of indigenous people in southern Africa carry a gene that causes lighter skin, and scientists have now identified ... The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations ... More information: Meng Lin el al., "Rapid evolution of a skin-lightening allele in southern African KhoeSan," PNAS (2018). www. ... The DNA and pigmentation sampling took place in the Northern Cape of South Africa in the southern Kalahari Desert and ...
Africa portal Kalahari Southeast Africa Sub-Saharan Africa North Africa West Africa East Africa "Composition of macro ... Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used ... five states constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Eswatini (Swaziland) Lesotho Namibia South Africa The Southern African Customs ... The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland), ...
GenderCC Southern Africa is located on the grounds of the GreenHouse Peoples Environmental Center in Johannesburg. Two members ... GenderCC Southern Africa GenderCC Southern Africa is located on the grounds of the GreenHouse Peoples Environmental Center in ...
Development Southern Africa, the journal of the Development Bank of Southern Africa, publishes articles that reflect innovative ... thinking on key development challenges and policy issues facing South Africa and other southern African countries. v t e. ...
Southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, ... Independence and decolonization in Southern Africa*The consolidation of white rule in Southern Africa ... peoples and language groups of Africa (in Africa (continent): Central and Southern Africa) ... Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, ...
... related legal terms and conditions of BP Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd ("BPSA") applying to your use of and access to the website ... You also agree that your information may be shared with other members of the BP Group outside South Africa. Except as set out ... and any matters related to the aforegoing shall be governed by he law s of South Africa, and any dispute arising between you ... confidential arbitration proceedings held in accordance with the prevailing rules of the Arbitration Foundation of South Africa ...
Investment policy in Southern Africa. The NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative supports members of the Southern African ... OECD Home Industry and entrepreneurshipInternational investmentInvestment for developmentInvestment policy in Southern Africa ... Unlocking investment potential in Southern Africa. Using NEPAD and OECD peer learning methods and instruments, this project ... This project is conducted within the institutional framework of the NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative, under the ...
Two monitoring platforms have been put in place: one within 50 metres of a sea floor well and a second 16 kilometres from any sea floor infrastructure. The platforms will be deployed for 25 years. During its first five years of operation, the harsh environment for data acquisition (at depths of approximately 1,400 metres) has affected the quality of some of the data we have been able to obtain from the observation modules. The modules are retrieved from the sea floor every 12 months for data offloading, instrument calibration and battery re-charging. We have gradually refined the operation and the system is now a proven concept for data acquisition. In 2014, we completed an independent review of data gathered by the DELOS equipment and by remotely operated vehicles, which covered parameters such as oxygen concentration, salinity, turbidity, and temperature. Photographic information was also analysed. The review found a very large and statistically significant month to month variation in the ...
Southern Africa is a region that includes several non-tropical countries in Africa. ... Southern Africa. From Wikitravel. Revision as of 05:08, 5 June 2009 by Inas. (talk , contribs) (removed located perth redirect) ... Southern Africa is an adventure haven. The region has some of the highest bungee jumping spots in the world; fantastic hiking ... The Drakensberg (mountains of the dragon) range stretches some 1000km through Southern Africa, from the Eastern Cape through ...
20 Bishopscourt Drive, Bishopscourt, Claremont, Western Cape, 7708, South Africa. Office:. +27 (0)21 763 1325. Fax:. +27 (0)21 ...
Southern Africa is a region that includes several non-tropical countries in Africa. ... Southern Africa. From Wikitravel. Revision as of 09:12, 16 March 2010 by Babbelas. (talk , contribs) (→‎Countries: added ... Southern Africa is an adventure haven. The region has some of the highest bungee jumping spots in the world; fantastic hiking ... The Drakensberg (mountains of the dragon) range stretches some 1000km through Southern Africa, from the Eastern Cape through ...
... On this page you will find a calendar of events likely to be of interest to martial ... 10 September 1999: WTF Taekwondo: 7th All Africa Games (Johannesburg) 16-30 September 1999: Judo African Games (Johannesburg) ... 27-28 April 2001: South African Chinese Kuoshu Tournament (Modderfontein Sports Club, Modderfontein) The South African Chinese ... Martial Arts For Africa (MAA) the only association in South Africa that can offer you International recognition & instruction ...
The Southern African hedgehog is found throughout southern Africa, specifically in Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and ... Southern African hedgehog range The Southern African hedgehog (Atelerix frontalis) is a species of mammal in the family ... The Southern African hedgehog is not a threat to humans; however, humans are a threat to the Southern African hedgehog, ... which are two medical problems that Southern African hedgehogs typically face. In South Africa, it is illegal to keep ...
A new linguistic analysis finds that modern language originated in sub-Saharan Africa and spread across the world with ... Africa turned out to have the greatest phonemic diversity - it is the only place in the world where languages incorporate ... "Language is such an adaptive thing that it makes sense to have a single origin before the diaspora out of Africa. Its also a ... "This suggests there was one major origin in Africa.". "Its a compelling idea," says Sohini Ramachandran of Brown University in ...
The Southern African free trade zone has been hailed as one of the most significant steps taken by the Southern African ... The Southern African free trade zone has been hailed as one of the most significant steps taken by the Southern African ... The Southern African union will build on the exisiting South African Customs Union, which links South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho ... In addition to the Southern and East African initiatives, a number of English-speaking countries in West Africa recently ...
SAS Southern Africa also invested in media exposure through our Business Analytics Survey and television interview with Desan ... Congratulations to Datacentrix for Reselling the first VA in Southern Africa into a brand new midmarket account. This is a ... We also made some significant inroads into Africa with new partner discussions and will finalise onboariding during Q3, with ...
Officials say the food situation in southern Africa is always precarious, but a total of 370,000 metric tons of food has been ... Hess says USAID and WFP were able to get food aid to six southern African nations in a timely manner. With the United States ... As you all know this chronic situation in southern Africa, lots of complications that have to do with chronic poverty and AIDS ... Hess acknowledges that while famine was averted this year, the food situation in the southern African region is always ...
Southern Madagascar is a wide-open adventure among some of natureâ s most dramatic forms. The stark desert canyons of Parc ... Explore Southern Madagascar holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. , ... Southern Madagascar. 1. Parc National Isalo. Isalo is one of Madagascars most beautiful parks. It contains sculpted buttes, ... Southern Madagascar is a wide-open adventure among some of natures most dramatic forms. The stark desert canyons of Parc ...
The Southern Africa Water Wire, Water & Sanitation Water & Sanitation. Sharing Southern Africas Water. By Thabani Okwenjani ... Water officials from across Southern Africa are meeting in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Jun 5-6 to develop a mechanism to monitor the ... HARARE, Jun 5 2012 (IPS) - The Southern African Development Communitys protocol on shared watercourses is recognised as one of ... The water sector is critical in helping build regional integration in Southern Africa. Credit: Zukiswa Zimela/IPS ...
VOAs Scott Bobb reports from our Southern African Bureau in Johannesburg.. Relief officials in southern Africa say heavy rains ... Floods and heavy rains have destroyed the homes and crops of nearly 100,000 people in several countries in southern Africa. ...
Tebogo was selected as one of the young 200 South Africans in 2019 in the Business and entrepreneurship category as well as the ... Loic has 15 years experience at the helm of corporations, and as a CEO, in Africa and Europe has managed turnarounds, market ... Kudi is one of the market leaders in Agent Banking driving financial inclusion in Nigeria and Africa at large. He coordinates ... Darren Franks, Founder & CEO is a thought leader in talent acquisition strategies with a specialist focus on the African ...
The World Economic Forum named Darlene Menzies one of six top Female Technology Entrepreneurs in Africa for 2017. She is a ... Prior to starting both Far Ventures and Finchatbot he also Co-Founded TimeOne South Africa; an award winning online marketing ... He is a seasoned entrepreneur with experience in Business Strategy, Sales Management and Venture building across both Africa ... he is also committed to enabling entrepreneurial talent in Africa. He does this by sharing his lessons and knowledge as a ...
... SHA specialists and their local partners inspect wells in several villages in the Búzi ... Swiss Humanitarian Aid has allocated a total of CHF 2 million to help people in south-east Africa cope with the ensuing ... Idai is one of the most severe tropical storms to have hit south-east Africa in the last 30 years. ...
Lize von Staden2016-2017 Southern African Plant SG Report ... Southern African Plant. Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ ... Southern African Plant Specialist Group Chair: Hermenegildo MatimeleRed List Authority Coordinator: ... Southern African Plant Specialist Group Chair: Hermenegildo Matimele. Red List Authority Coordinator: Lize von Staden. 2016- ...
Southern Africa holds something for every traveler and budget. Explore a world-class cosmopolitan city or take a world-class ... Destination: Southern Africa. Southern Africa holds something for every traveler and budget. Explore a world-class cosmopolitan ... Destination: Southern Africa. Southern Africa holds something for every traveler and budget. Explore a world-class cosmopolitan ... Across the Mozambique Channel off the southern African coast are Africas Indian Ocean Islands, including Comoros, the ...
But this slice of Africas Great Rift Valley is, for the most part, cool and calm, swathed in forest and watered by moody ... Its difficult to believe that the geological force that almost broke Africa in two instead created such serene landscapes. ... Explore Southern Rift Valley holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. , ... Southern Rift Valley. 1. Lake Nakuru National Park. Just two hours drive from Nairobi, Lake Nakuru is among Kenyas finest ...
Gambella/Dakar/Nairobi,16 June 2016: African youth to African leaders: "You must do more to end conflicts in Africa" ... Eastern and Southern Africa, 7 March 2011: UNICEF launches USD$1.4 billion global appeal in response to the most extreme crises ... Horn of Africa, 4 November 2011: UNICEF opens humanitarian warehouse in Dubai for nutrition supplies for southern Somalia ... Horn of Africa, 20 July 2012: Horn of Africa crisis one year on - famine reversed, countless lives saved, but situation of ...
... molluscs and aquatic plants are at risk of extinction in southern Africa if its rivers and lakes are not protected from ... Of the 94 species threatened in southern Africa, 78 of these are found in South Africa, the most developed country in the ... Southern Africas freshwater species in firing line. Thu, 19 Mar 2009 Many freshwater fish, crabs, dragonflies, molluscs and ... Many of southern Africas coastal drainages have sites which contain species that only occur in that area, including the Kunene ...
  • In previous work , the researchers looked at pigmentation variation in two KhoeSan populations from South Africa by performing a genome-wide association analysis in about 450 individuals. (phys.org)
  • The DNA and pigmentation sampling took place in the Northern Cape of South Africa in the southern Kalahari Desert and Richtersveld regions. (phys.org)
  • While light skin is often associated with European ancestry, even in South Africa, the present-day Khoekhoe and San did not experience enough recent migration to account for the frequency of the gene. (phys.org)
  • Another geographic delineation for the region is the portion of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers : South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and the part of Mozambique which lies south of the Zambezi River. (wikipedia.org)
  • That definition is most often used in South Africa for natural sciences and particularly in guide books such as Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United Nations scheme of geographic regions, five states constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Eswatini (Swaziland) Lesotho Namibia South Africa The Southern African Customs Union (SACU), created in 1969, also comprises the five states in the UN subregion of Southern Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes: Angola Botswana Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Eswatini (Swaziland) Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe The region is sometimes reckoned to include other territories: Angola - part of Central Africa in the UN scheme. (wikipedia.org)
  • A region of rich mineral deposits continues to the south called the Great Dyke in central Zimbabwe, through the Bushveld basin into South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • This extends southwest through the Witwatersrand and Northern Cape of South Africa toward the southern coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coal can also be found in central Mozambique, Zimbabwe and northeast South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prairie region of central and northeast South Africa, Zimbabwe and parts of Zambia is known are known as the veldt, divided into the Bushveld and Highveld regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Western Cape has a Mediterranean vegetation and climate, including the unique fynbos, grading eastward into an oceanic climate along the Garden Route to Port Elizabeth and East London, South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Development Southern Africa, the journal of the Development Bank of Southern Africa, publishes articles that reflect innovative thinking on key development challenges and policy issues facing South Africa and other southern African countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interior of Southern Africa consists of a series of undulating plateaus that cover most of South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana and extend into central Angola. (britannica.com)
  • Southern Zimbabwe and much of South Africa are within a region of scrublands and grasslands known as the veld . (britannica.com)
  • The only major river flowing into the Atlantic Ocean is the Orange , which drains parts of South Africa, Lesotho, and Namibia. (britannica.com)
  • However, different animals are found in the coastal woodlands of South Africa and in the desert regions to the north and northwest. (britannica.com)
  • they now constitute a sizable minority in South Africa and a much smaller population in Zimbabwe. (britannica.com)
  • Kruger National Park in South Africa - One of the best managed wildlife parks in Africa . (wikitravel.org)
  • Afrikaans is widely spoken in South Africa and Namibia, and German is also spoken by some in Namibia. (wikitravel.org)
  • You may also want to have a look at Discount airlines in Africa and Air travel in South Africa . (wikitravel.org)
  • Trip starts in Zambia, near world-famous Victoria Falls and provides a glimpse into the best of Botswana with plenty of options for game drives before heading down through the wild Limpopo province of South Africa. (wikitravel.org)
  • South Africa has beautiful beaches stretching all the way from Cape Town around the coast up to Durban, which is a surfing mecca. (wikitravel.org)
  • South Africa has over 150 000 Covid-19 cases. (news24.com)
  • The Southern African hedgehog is found throughout southern Africa, specifically in Botswana , Malawi , Namibia , South Africa and Zimbabwe . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] There are two specific ranges of this hedgehog, a western range including Angola and Namibia and an eastern range, including South Africa , Mozambique , Lesotho , Zimbabwe and Botswana . (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the end of apartheid, South Africa has already benefited from new-found export markets north of the Limpopo - witness the cans of Castle lager that appeared in bars as far away as Zanzibar during the 1990s. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The Southern African union will build on the exisiting South African Customs Union, which links South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland in a tariff-free trade zone. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Sipho Nkambule, the chief executive officer of the Komati Basin Authority, which coordinates management of a river system that extends across South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique, said he would use the Harare meeting as a chance to compare notes on how other river basin authorities were monitoring implementation. (ipsnews.net)
  • Tebogo was selected as one of the young 200 South Africans in 2019 in the Business and entrepreneurship category as well as the inspiring 50 women in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) in South Africa 2019. (terrapinn.com)
  • between Lesotho and South Africa. (brookings.edu)
  • Chances are, if you're heading to this region, you're heading for the most popular stop - South Africa. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Generally, during the drier, cooler months from around May to October6, though parts of South Africa are pleasant all year round. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Of the 94 species threatened in southern Africa, 78 of these are found in South Africa, the most developed country in the region. (iucn.org)
  • Three hotspots of species diversity have been highlighted in the report, including the area where the upper Zambezi meets the Kwando and Chobe rivers above Victoria Falls, the Komati and Crocodile river tributaries of the Incomati system in Mpumalanga, South Africa, and the Mbuluzi river basin, also in Mpumalanga, South Africa, and in Swaziland. (iucn.org)
  • The Afrikaners of South Africa say it when they have reached a time for decisionmaking. (csmonitor.com)
  • Indeed, that prospect has been raised during the current negotiations over the future of Namibia (South-West Africa), a territory occupied by South Africa in defiance of the United Nations. (csmonitor.com)
  • And other nations also have strong views on US relations with South Africa. (csmonitor.com)
  • These range from politically powerful American corporations, which have a $1.8 billion investment in South Africa, to black Americans -- who constitute an important voting bloc and have become increasingly vocal in their condemnation of apartheid. (csmonitor.com)
  • From this welter of competing and sometimes contradictory viewpoints a Reagan administration must fashion a policy toward South Africa. (csmonitor.com)
  • These considerations undoubtedly impose constraints on US policy toward South Africa. (csmonitor.com)
  • Trendline™ Popularity Routing included for the country of South Africa for GPS devices compatible with this feature. (garmin.com)
  • Also for South Africa only, comprises an additional transparent layer for farm and property boundaries, which can be independently activated or deactivated via the GPS map settings. (garmin.com)
  • Embark on an unforgettable safari adventure through South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Botswana, traveling from the wilds of Kruger National Park to awe-inspiring Victoria Falls and the lush green waterways of the Okavango Panhandle. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Excavations at several sites in eastern Botswana and northern South Africa, however, revealed contradictory evidence. (bradshawfoundation.com)
  • Not to be confused with South Africa . (wikipedia.org)
  • From a political perspective the region is said to be unipolar [1] with South Africa as a first regional power. (wikipedia.org)
  • In terms of economic strength, South Africa is by far the dominant power of the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The publication , which was launched during a regional workshop in Cape Town, South Africa, is a joint effort of the UN Human Rights Office and the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions. (ohchr.org)
  • Speaking at the opening ceremony, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Council President and Chief Veterinary Officer for South Africa, Dr. Mike Modisane stressed on the need for coordinated preparedness and response actions. (fao.org)
  • Since May 2017, the region has been on high alert following reports of H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe and South Africa. (fao.org)
  • Veterinary and public health officials from 11 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries attended the three-day workshop (08 - 10 August 2017) in Johannesburg, South Africa. (fao.org)
  • Vegetation contexts associated with Oldowan and early Acheulean lithic industries, in which climate is driven by an interplay of regional rainfall seasonality together with global CO 2 levels, develop along a regional distinct trajectory compared to eastern South Africa and East Africa. (nature.com)
  • Fig. 4: Mean δ 13 C (‰) values for equids and Alcelaphini from sites in East and South Africa between 2 and 1 Ma. (nature.com)
  • The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimate evidence. (nature.com)
  • Chazan, M. Technological trends in the Acheulean of Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa. (nature.com)
  • Brink, J., Holt, S. & Horwitz, L. K. The Oldowan and early Acheulean mammalian fauna of Wonderwerk Cave (Northern Cape Province, South Africa). (nature.com)
  • Rossouw, L. An Early Pleistocene phytolith record from Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape, South Africa. (nature.com)
  • Fernandez-Jalvo, Y. & Avery, D. M. Pleistocene micromammals and their predators at Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa. (nature.com)
  • Lee-Thorp, J. A. & Ecker, M. Holocene environmental change at Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa: insights from stable light isotopes in ostrich eggshell. (nature.com)
  • South Africa: Historic rupture or warring brothers again? (anarkismo.net)
  • It is impossible to follow every strand of the complexity that is South Africa, but at the same time the link between the spate of large scale looting that took place and two very obvious conflicting ruling class power bases that currently exist in the country is undeniable. (anarkismo.net)
  • The history of the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union of Africa (ICU), formed in South Africa in 1919, is replete with lessons for today's movements. (anarkismo.net)
  • During the twentieth century, South Africa produced most of the world's gold and virtually all of its crocidolite (blue) and amosite (brown asbestos). (springer.com)
  • Traditional healers of South Africa are practitioners of traditional African medicine in Southern Africa . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [2] It is estimated that there are as many as 200,000 indigenous traditional healers in South Africa compared to 25,000 Western-trained doctors. (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] [12] Sangomas perform a holistic and symbolic form of healing by drawing on the embedded beliefs of the Bantu peoples in South Africa , who believe that ancestors in the afterlife guide and protect the living. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arrigo Pallotti is Associate Professor of History of Africa at the Department of Political and Social Sciences of the University of Bologna (Forlì Campus), Italy, and Research Fellow in the Centre for Africa Studies at the University of the Free State, South Africa. (routledge.com)
  • Southern Africa faces potentially severe groundwater shortages, which not only imperil the lives of those directly dependent on it, but also the continued development of the economic engines of the region-South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe-all of which face significant constraints on their future economic growth due to the insecurity of water supply. (wilsoncenter.org)
  • In this selection of papers from the 2006 Literature and Ecology Colloquium, held in Grahamstown, South Africa, the complexities of forging imaginative and pragmatic senses of belonging in Southern Africa are explored from a variety of disciplinary perspectives: philosophical, historical, botanical, and anthropological as well as literary. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • T T here's something so peaceful, adventurous and yet cosseting about luxury train travel in South Africa, and the Shongololo Express is no exception. (southafrica.net)
  • South Africa offers a variety of caves for you to explore, from hominid fossil sites and ancient San cave paintings. (southafrica.net)
  • For years, South Africa trusted in behind-the-scenes contacts to alleviate Zimbabwe's political and economic problems. (crisisgroup.org)
  • In the years right after apartheid fell, South Africa was a leader in continental diplomacy, brokering peace accords and bolstering multilateral institutions. (crisisgroup.org)
  • Deal direct and save on your South Africa Tours , accommodation in South Africa and Cape Town Accommodation bookings. (sa-venues.com)
  • More importantly, this appeal will help expand these life-prolonging interventions beyond urban centres to the all too often overlooked rural communities," Mandisa Kalako-Williams, president of the South Africa Red Cross Society, commented. (medindia.net)
  • Our regional program is headquartered in Pretoria, South Africa, and complements country-specific programs by addressing cross-border development issues. (usaid.gov)
  • Strategic Christian leaders from within southern Africa who have a passion (or the seeds of a passion) for caring for God's good creation gathered from 19-23 February 2018 at the Africa Enterprise Conference Center in Pietermartizburg, South Africa. (lausanne.org)
  • While El Niño's impact depends highly on location and season - the impact of El Niño on agricultural production appears more muted in northern areas - past strong episodes have been associated with reduced production in several countries, including South Africa, which is the largest cereal producer in the sub-region and typically exports maize to neighbouring countries. (eurasiareview.com)
  • South Africa has already declared drought status for five provinces, its main cereal producing regions, while Lesotho has issued a drought mitigation plan and Swaziland has implemented water restrictions as reservoir levels have become low. (eurasiareview.com)
  • Wholesale maize prices are up 50 percent from a year earlier in South Africa, while retail maize prices have doubled in Malawi and Mozambique. (eurasiareview.com)
  • The study focused on paintings in present-day Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho created by the San people, whose direct descendants still live in the area. (scientificamerican.com)
  • If we are able to date depictions of livestock and material goods associated with incoming groups, we may be able to start unravelling the nature of interactions between groups in this early contact," says David Pearce, an archaeologist and director of the Rock Art Institute at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, and a co-author of the latest study. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Just under 2,000 years ago, Pearce says, pastoral and farming people independently arrived in South Africa, where they came into contact with hunter-gatherer groups such as the San. (scientificamerican.com)
  • A veteran veterinarian delivered the first known biologically identical puppy twins in South Africa, researchers who tested the pups' DNA over several weeks confirm. (nbclosangeles.com)
  • South Africa specifically is one of the first countries on the continent to begin legislating its marine economy to promote sustainable development, and questions surround mining's place in this new economy. (globalissues.org)
  • He predicted the debate in South Africa would be just as difficult for mining companies to win with no precedent for such mining. (globalissues.org)
  • The South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, meanwhile, last week offered to mill 600,000 tons of GM grain currently stored at the port of Durban, before it is distributed to hunger stricken Southern African countries. (scidev.net)
  • As early as the 17th Century, light-skinned Europeans were also murdered for body parts in South Africa. (worldatlas.com)
  • Not only in Malawi, but Kenya , South Africa , Tanzania , and Burundi have, over the past decade and especially in 2007, had incidents where 150 body parts were decapitated from Albino persons, some of whom still manage to survive today as mutilated victims. (worldatlas.com)
  • More than 17 million people across Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and South Africa are already food insecure due to last year's drought. (oxfam.org)
  • Even in South Africa, which is the least dependent on the informal sector, one in six workers is informally employed. (oxfam.org)
  • Only South Africa and Zimbabwe have an Unemployment Insurance Fund and a National Social Security Fund for formal workers. (oxfam.org)
  • She stated that even in South Africa, where an estimated 5.6 million people are infected, the Government has scaled up prevention measures and is politically committed to turning the tide against the epidemic, including reducing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). (un.org)
  • Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change offers an analysis of the impact of climate change on the area's agriculture, including full-color maps illustrating a variety of scenarios for eight of the region's countries : Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. (ifpri.org)
  • TB is the most common co-infection observed in HIV-positive patients in South Africa, but Hepatitis B and human papillomavirus co-infection are also problematic. (europa.eu)
  • In South Africa, about 500,000 mineworkers are at high risk of contracting Tuberculosis (TB), one of the world's most deadly diseases. (worldbank.org)
  • Each year for the past 28 years, he leaves his wife and three children in Swaziland to go and work in the mines of South Africa. (worldbank.org)
  • It is the story of many of the estimated 500,000 mineworkers currently working in South Africa. (worldbank.org)
  • There are an estimated two million ex-mineworkers living in South Africa and the neighboring labor-sending countries of Lesotho, Swaziland and Mozambique. (worldbank.org)
  • Apart from the click-speaking hunter-gatherer populations from South Africa and Tanzania, they also studied Pygmies and 21 agriculturalist populations. (stanford.edu)
  • Theme issue on poverty and inequality in South Africa ," Development Southern Africa , Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(1), pages 1-2, March. (repec.org)
  • Tourism, business linkages and small enterprise development in South Africa ," Development Southern Africa , Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 29-59. (repec.org)
  • The ECHO platform facilitated regional communication during the 2017-2018 listeriosis outbreak in South Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • Altitude plays an outsize role in moderating the temperatures of the South African Highveld, Lesotho and much of Zambia and Zimbabwe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water officials from across Southern Africa are meeting in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Jun 5-6 to develop a mechanism to monitor the implementation of the regional agreement. (ipsnews.net)
  • Unfair elections in Zimbabwe may damage the reputations of southern African states that look the other way. (iwpr.net)
  • The ICU, which also spread into neighbouring colonies like Basutoland (now Lesotho), Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Southwest Africa (now Namibia) was by far the largest protest movement and organisation of black African and Coloured people of its time. (anarkismo.net)
  • HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - The death toll from the cyclone that ripped into southern Africa last month is now above 1,000, while the number of cholera cases among survivors has risen above 4,000. (courthousenews.com)
  • The United Nations has described Cyclone Idai, which hit Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi nearly a month ago, as "one of the deadliest storms on record in the southern hemisphere. (courthousenews.com)
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1980 to facilitate co-operation in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania are more commonly reckoned in Central and Eastern Africa respectively but are occasionally included in Southern Africa, as they are SADC members. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative supports members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to identify and implement concrete reforms to strengthen their investment climate . (oecd.org)
  • The Southern African free trade zone has been hailed as one of the most significant steps taken by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in its 20-year history. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA) "is a non-governmental organisation with members in 11 of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Professor Eltie Links, the chairperson of Doing Business in Africa at South Africa's University of Stellenbosch Business School, told IPS that "SADC as a regional body would have to think about the objectives and the management of a new financing arm. (ipsnews.net)
  • Zimbabwe's parliamentary elections are fast becoming less a test of President Robert Mugabe's credibility, which is already in tatters, but that of the Southern African Development Community, SADC, the region's premier political grouping. (iwpr.net)
  • In the end, it is SADC more than the Zimbabwean leader that will pay the price in terms of lost credibility in the developed world, where it has an important role to play in negotiating a better deal for the struggling nations of Africa. (iwpr.net)
  • The Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology advises SADC Member States to promote an integrated, multimodal transport system throughout Southern Africa that remains efficient, reliable, economically viable, and environmentally responsible. (sadc.int)
  • Farmers living and working in the 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Member States now have access to 83 high-quality, improved seed varieties following the largest single jump in registered seed to the SADC Seed Variety Catalog. (usaid.gov)
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is to set up an advisory committee to investigate the potential dangers of genetically modified (GM) crops. (scidev.net)
  • The announcement was made at the annual SADC summit in Luanda, Angola, and follows the refusal of some famine-stricken southern African countries to accept donations of GM maize on the grounds that such food could be harmful to human health. (scidev.net)
  • The ministerial council of SADC, which comprises 14 southern African nations, has requested further clarification from the World Health Organisation on the safety of GM foods. (scidev.net)
  • African elephant in the Okavango grasslands, Botswana. (britannica.com)
  • All these countries - except Botswana - have currencies at parity with the South African rand. (bbc.co.uk)
  • As an example, Sitoe mentioned a recent complaint in which the Botswana government felt their South African counterparts should have officially informed them before beginning a development in the river basin. (ipsnews.net)
  • The World Economic Forum named Darlene Menzies one of six top Female Technology Entrepreneurs in Africa for 2017. (terrapinn.com)
  • 16 August 2017, Johannesburg - The occurrence of transboundary animal diseases - especially those that can be transmitted to human beings from animals - poses grave socio-economic consequences for Southern Africa. (fao.org)
  • 2017). And the findings open the door for archaeologists and other researchers to date thousands more rock paintings in this part of Africa - and so piece together the lives and development of ancient people there. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Africa CDC was launched in January 2017 and operates in partnership with AU member states and through five regional collaborating centers (RCCs), which coordinate regional public health initiatives. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2017, Africa CDC established the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) platform in Southern Africa to improve data and information-sharing in real time, which has facilitated timely regional preparedness and response. (cdc.gov)
  • A number of other countries are sometimes considered part of Southern Africa due to their accessibility from the countries listed above, such as Mozambique , Angola , Zambia and some Islands of the Indian Ocean such as the Seychelles and Mauritius . (wikitravel.org)
  • Across the Mozambique Channel off the southern African coast are Africa's Indian Ocean Islands, including Comoros, the Seychelles, Mauritius, the French island of Réunion, and Madagascar. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Many of southern Africa's coastal drainages have sites which contain species that only occur in that area, including the Kunene and Kwanza rivers on the west coast of Angola, and the Rovuma and Pungwe and Buzi systems on the east coast of Mozambique. (iucn.org)
  • In this episode of The Horn 's mini-series exploring jihadism along the East African coast, Alan Boswell talks to Dr. Adriano Nuvunga about what caused the insurgency in Mozambique to grow and the need for a coordinated regional strategy that addresses its root causes. (crisisgroup.org)
  • Darren Franks, Founder & CEO is a thought leader in talent acquisition strategies with a specialist focus on the African FinTech sector and launched TalentintheCloud in March 2016 to help improve the way African FinTech's across the continent acquire and retain key talent. (terrapinn.com)
  • Engel & Völkers Southern Africa recently hosted and celebrated their annual Rewards and Recognition event on the 8th of April 2016, by bringing home the atmosphere and ambience of the international gathering that happens in Majorca every year. (engelvoelkers.com)
  • The El Niño weather phenomenon is expected to be the fiercest in 18 years at the start of 2016 and threatens to adversely affect crop and livestock production prospects in Southern Africa, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. (eurasiareview.com)
  • It will peak at the start of 2016, before the usual harvest time for farmers in Southern Africa. (eurasiareview.com)
  • When Ebola ravaged West Africa during 2014-2016, the need for a continent-wide public health agency-an idea conceived years prior-became an urgent priority for the African Union (AU). (cdc.gov)
  • According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, "by 2020 the HIV/AIDS epidemic will claim the lives of 20 percent or more of the population working in agriculture in many Southern African countries. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Countries in Southern Africa are larger in geographic area, except three smaller landlocked states: Lesotho, Swaziland, and Malawi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The AfDB's Malawi Field Office (MWFO) disseminated the Bank's Regional Integration Strategy Paper for Southern Africa at a workshop jointly organized with the Ministry of Industry and Trade in Lilongwe, Malawi on September 21, 2012. (afdb.org)
  • Malawi is a landlocked countries in the southeastern portion of Africa, and one that is populated with such major ethnic tribes as the Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, and other Bantu peoples from nearby areas of southern Africa. (worldatlas.com)
  • Muti (medicine murder) is how this practice is known all over Africa, and not only in Malawi. (worldatlas.com)
  • The cases have escalated in number, and reach into other African countries as well, such as Congo and Swaziland in 2008. (worldatlas.com)
  • Sheila Tlou, Director of the UNAIDS Regional Support Team for East and Southern Africa. (un.org)
  • 19 January 2012 Eastern and Southern Africa, the region most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, is making great strides to scale up access to prevention and treatment services, a United Nations official said today, adding that focus is on behavioural change and prevention of mother-to-child transmission. (un.org)
  • Of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS across the world, almost three quarters live in Eastern and Southern Africa, Sheila Tlou, the Director of the Regional Support Team for the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS ( UNAIDS ) told a media briefing in Geneva. (un.org)
  • We have to now focus on making sure that we scale up voluntary medical male circumcision, behaviour change, and all those [inte Of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS across the world, almost three quarters live in Eastern and Southern Africa rventions] to make sure that we reduce infections," she said. (un.org)
  • A lot has been in countries in Eastern and Southern Africa on mother-to-child infections," said Ms Tlou. (un.org)
  • The majority of the estimated 15 million HIV-infected people eligible for of anti-retroviral treatments also reside in Eastern and Southern Africa, and it is crucial that access to treatment there also be scaled up. (un.org)
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) comprises 21 African Member States that came together with the aim of promoting regional integration through trade and the development of natural and human resources for the mutual benefit of all people in the region. (comesa.int)
  • COMESA, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, was established on 8 December 1994 as the successor to the Preferential Trade Area (PTA). (comesa.int)
  • In 1997 they received a grant from the Westminster Foundation "To fund the Media Institute of Southern Africa, an NGO based in Namibia which promotes a free, independent and pluralistic press, to provide support for some of its local chapter offices in the region, to enable them to draw up action plans and develop their activities in early 1997. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In addition to the Southern and East African initiatives, a number of English-speaking countries in West Africa recently announced plans to move towards monetary union. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The Francophone countries of West Africa have shared a currency ever since independence. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The book is one of a three-part series that takes a closer look at the nexus of climate change and agriculture in three regions of Africa: West Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa-and offers recommendations for how policymakers can build flexibility and resilience into development policies. (ifpri.org)
  • we find that most disease risk alleles from genome-wide association studies follow expected patterns of divergence between Europe and North Africa, with the principal exception of multiple sclerosis. (pnas.org)
  • In 2019, Woolpert has added international offices in Canada with the acquisition of Geomatics Data Solutions (GDS) and now in Africa with Southern Mapping. (prnewswire.com)
  • File Photo: City health official conduct monitoring and testing for African Swine Fever at a backyard piggery in Manila on September 17, 2019. (yahoo.com)
  • The world's 10th-largest pork consumer and seventh-biggest pork importer reported its first-ever African swine fever outbreaks in September 2019 in some backyard farms near the capital Manila on the northern island of Luzon. (yahoo.com)
  • GenderCC Southern Africa is located on the grounds of the GreenHouse People's Environmental Center in Johannesburg. (flickr.com)
  • VOA's Scott Bobb reports from our Southern African Bureau in Johannesburg. (voanews.com)
  • LILONGWE/JOHANNESBURG, Aug 29 2013 (IPS) - The Southern African Development Community has had to revisit its plans to raise funding for its ambitious regional development plan in the wake of a cold-shoulder from western nations and multilateral finance institutions. (ipsnews.net)
  • Indeed, some South African analysts say withholding would undercut South Africa's carefully cultivated image as a dependable supplier and might even speed up efforts to cut dependency on this country. (csmonitor.com)
  • Little more than 700 years ago, near the confluence of the Limpopo and Shashe rivers, southern Africa's first kingdom appeared. (bradshawfoundation.com)
  • Further changes over a 200-year period eventually led to the establishment of Mapungubwe, southern Africa's first state-level society and urban capital. (bradshawfoundation.com)
  • Craig Hutschison, CEO of Engel & Völkers Southern Africa and Jackie de Waal, winner of Engel & Völkers Southern Africa's Agent of the Year award. (engelvoelkers.com)
  • With the guidance of a reflective introduction by Mario Zamponi, this strategy helps the reader to understand sometimes neglected aspects of Southern Africa's agrarian questions. (routledge.com)
  • According to FAO , Southern Africa's small-scale farmers are almost entirely dependent on rain, rendering their output highly susceptible to its variations. (eurasiareview.com)
  • TB in South Africa's mines is a complex, 150-year-old problem," said Dr. Patrick Osewe, Global Lead, Healthy Societies Global Solutions Group, at the World Bank, and Team Leader of the Southern Africa TB in the Mining Sector Initiative. (worldbank.org)
  • Overcoming underdevelopment in South Africa's second economy ," Development Southern Africa , Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 45-61. (repec.org)
  • OMF Southern Africa's website, like most, uses cookies to help provide you with the best possible experience. (omf.org)
  • Angola - part of Central Africa in the UN scheme. (wikipedia.org)
  • The findings also suggest that there was intermingling during that period between the Hadza, the San in southern Africa and the Baka in central Africa, all of whom were traditionally hunter-gatherers. (seenthis.net)
  • Since then, most of these populations have either gone extinct or turned to agriculture and pastoral living, leaving only the Pygmies in central Africa, a click-speaking tribe of Tanzania, the Hadza, and southern African Bushmen, as the last hunter-gatherers. (stanford.edu)
  • The first hint of the relationship between African dust and certain soils in the region of the Mediterranean is their reddish or reddish-brown color, similar to that of African aerosol filters, caused by their clay content", co-author of the study and researcher at the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF) at the Universidad Aut³noma de Barcelona, Anna à  vila explained to SINC. (redorbit.com)
  • In particular, it focuses on Zambia (Northern Rhodesia at time of British domination), a landlocked country located in the centre of Southern Africa, whose historical evolution, since it was conquered at the beginning of the twentieth century, is deeply intertwined with the discovery, extraction and export of copper and with the import of fossil fuel. (seenthis.net)
  • Rapid evolution of a skin-lightening allele in southern African KhoeSan," PNAS (2018). (phys.org)
  • Recent plans to revive the East African Community - involving Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda - were watered down at the request of Tanzania and Uganda. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In a wild and remote corner of the country, between the Rift Valley lakes of Magadi (in Kenya) and Natron (Tanzania), Shompole is one of southern Kenya's most rewarding wilderness experiences. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Tanzania today is the main market for albino body parts in Africa. (worldatlas.com)
  • These widespread mineral resources make this one of the wealthiest regions of Africa with the greatest potential for economic growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Southern Africa is one of the world's most critical regions in terms of water management, with a large disparity in availability of water between the relatively wet northern part of the region and the drier south. (brookings.edu)
  • For the region of the African Union, see Regions of the African Union § Southern . (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though considerable disturbance has occurred in some regions from habitat loss due to human overpopulation or export-focused development, there remain significant numbers of various wildlife species, including white rhino , Southern African lion , [9] African leopard , impala , kudu , blue wildebeest , vervet monkey and elephant . (wikipedia.org)
  • The results of the study reveal that mineral dust from the African regions of the Sahara and Sahel, which emit between 600 and 700 tons of dust a year, brought about the reddish soil in Mediterranean regions such as Mallorca and Sardinia between 12,000 and 25,000 years ago. (redorbit.com)
  • Here we present the complete genome sequences of an indigenous hunter-gatherer from the Kalahari Desert and a Bantu from southern Africa, as well as protein-coding regions from an additional three hunter-gatherers from disparate regions of the Kalahari. (jcvi.org)
  • Human genetic diversity in southern Europe is higher than in other regions of the continent. (pnas.org)
  • Under the first hypothesis, populations retreated to glacial refugia in southern Europe about 20,000 y ago (ya), but when these populations later recolonized the continent, only a subset of the genetic diversity was carried into northern regions ( 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • About 60,000 years ago, modern humans left Africa and began the spread to other regions of the world. (stanford.edu)
  • SICK Automation Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd. based in Lanseria Gauteng, commenced operation on 1st December 2010 and has over 70 years experience in providing world class solutions to the automation industry. (sick.com)
  • The study by the IUCN Species Programme, in collaboration with the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity and the South African National Biodiversity Institute, shows that seven percent of species are known to be regionally threatened or extinct. (iucn.org)
  • This document follows the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa of the African Development Bank in designating key areas of focus that have the greatest benefit to the region. (sadc.int)
  • WFP (the United Nations World Food Programme) operates in nine Southern African countries. (globalresearch.ca)
  • The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies revealed their plan to expand the anti-AIDS programme to help 50 million people in Southern Africa to fight the dreaded disease. (medindia.net)
  • The black peoples of Southern Africa-the overwhelming majority of the region's population-can be divided into speakers of two language families, Khoisan and Bantu . (britannica.com)
  • A chain of mineral resources in Southern Africa stretches from the rich oil fields in northwest Angola, east through the central diamond-mining region in Huambo Province, and into the Copper Belt region of Zambia and Congo. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Conversation Africa] As COVID-19 becomes the most intensely covered virus in history, there are important lessons to be drawn from the media's reporting of another global pandemic: HIV/Aids. (medworm.com)
  • Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using NEPAD and OECD peer learning methods and instruments, this project generates consensus on investment re‌lated policy reform among stakeholders in Southern African countries. (oecd.org)
  • Southern Africa is a region that includes several non-tropical countries in Africa . (wikitravel.org)
  • One of the richest countries in Africa has its share of wildlife and tourist-friendly sites. (wikitravel.org)
  • In some instances all of the countries south of the equator are viewed as Southern Africa. (wikitravel.org)
  • Floods and heavy rains have destroyed the homes and crops of nearly 100,000 people in several countries in southern Africa. (voanews.com)
  • The firm has provided mapping services for engineering, infrastructure, mining, mapping, agriculture and environmental sectors on three continents and in more than 45 African countries. (prnewswire.com)
  • The Southern African Customs Union (SACU), created in 1969, also comprises the five countries in the UN subregion of Southern Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foot and mouth disease (FMD), african swine fever (ASF), peste des petits ruminants (PPR), rabies, rift valley fever (RFV), and anthrax, among others, are endemic in most countries in the region. (fao.org)
  • During a news conference last month, the Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute urged African countries to embrace genetically modified (GM) foods to reduce shortages. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Unfortunately, most African countries lack the expertise, capacity and funding to develop and comply with biosafety regulatory requirements," she noted during the news conference. (globalresearch.ca)
  • a David Livingstone Tour and a Southern Cross Tour, both of which take in Vic Falls and some of the neighbouring countries. (southafrica.net)
  • Countries in southern Africa have the potential to set an international precedent by allowing the first offshore mining operations. (globalissues.org)
  • Many European, North American and Asian countries are able to address the terrifying reality of "the cure being worse than the disease" because they could afford to fund good public health, unemployment and social benefits, as well as food chains and business relief packages," said Tsitsi Magaza, Oxfam's Southern Africa Humanitarian Manager. (oxfam.org)
  • There are millions of miners living in Southern African countries, and many of them don't know that they could have a chronic illness, putting themselves, their families and communities at risk. (worldbank.org)
  • Improved information sharing has resulted in increased requests to SA-RCC and Africa CDC for technical assistance from countries in the region. (cdc.gov)
  • The gene, which is also present in people from the Near East and eastern Africa, was probably initially brought into the region by only a small number of individuals. (phys.org)
  • The semiarid plains and plateaus that cover much of the region contain animals commonly associated with the East African plains-e.g., antelopes, gazelles, zebras, elephants, and the big cats. (britannica.com)
  • But Mr. Hess acknowledges that while famine was averted this year, the food situation in the southern African region is always precarious and needs to monitored. (voanews.com)
  • The first transboundary transfer of water occurred in the Southern African region (WHEN? (brookings.edu)
  • Here, at the southern region of this vast continent, you'll find unexcelled beauty, unparalleled adventure, and an unequaled experience throughout the journey. (iexplore.com)
  • The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including platinum, diamonds, gold, and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • This consultation provided the opportunity to share our knowledge and experience and identify ways we can work most effectively to better promote and protect the rights of indigenous peoples in Southern Africa and the wider region. (ohchr.org)
  • The study, which has been published in Quaternary Science Reviews, finds that African mineral dust additions "play an important role" in the origin of the soils (palaeosols) in the Mediterranean region, namely on the island of Mallorca. (redorbit.com)
  • In turn, "African dust explains the origin of the 'terra rossa' soils in the Mediterranean region located on top of mother carbonate rock," Ã Â vila added. (redorbit.com)
  • The Herald]Labour migration, a historical phenomenon across the Southern African region, has always come with unique dynamics, challenges and opportunities across social, economic and political spectrums.The emergence of HIV has presented a new and potent challenge as migrant workers have fuelled the spread of the virus, which causes AIDS. (medworm.com)
  • About 10 million people in the Southern African region will need food aid until the middle of 2006. (globalresearch.ca)
  • While a lack of rain and money have also contributed to the food crisis in Southern Africa, bad governance shoulders part of the blame for shortages in this region. (globalresearch.ca)
  • The situation in Southern Africa is further complicated by the AIDS pandemic that has swept through the region. (globalresearch.ca)
  • The WFP fears that if the food crisis in Southern Africa is neglected, levels of malnutrition in the region could eventually resemble those in Niger, where donors initially disregarded appeals for aid. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Since 1995, USAID has maintained a program in Southern Africa that addresses the changing development challenges of the sub-region. (usaid.gov)
  • Adnan Awad, director of the non-profit International Ocean Institute's African region, said, "There is generally this anticipation that South African processes for mining and for the policy around some of these activities are setting a bit of a precedent and a bit of a model for how it can be pursued in other areas. (globalissues.org)
  • But witch doctors in the African Great Lakes region started a superstition that body parts of albino persons possess magical powers and bring wealth. (worldatlas.com)
  • Nellie Nyangwa, Oxfam's Southern Africa Regional Director said: "In the region, the pandemic is not only a public health issue, but it is also a food security issue as restrictions on movement within and across borders have slowed food systems and impacted supply chains. (oxfam.org)
  • But for many poor people across the South African region that reality has become a daily life-or-death situation, as they have no access to food and other basic needs. (oxfam.org)
  • To support the integration program, COMESA has established financial institutions to provide not just the much needed credit (the Trade and Development Bank), but also to provide insurance for non-commercial risks (the African Trade Insurance Agency), re-insurance (ZEP-Re (PTA) Reinsurance Company) and to facilitate international payments (the Regional Payment and Settlement System), and to underpin competition in the region (the COMESA Competition Commission). (comesa.int)
  • The southern region of Africa could be the hardest hit by rising temperatures from climate change, leaving many to wonder what this means for agriculture. (ifpri.org)
  • Amidst efforts to alleviate this suffering, however, there are fears that the crisis in Niger may undermine donor willingness to tackle problems elsewhere on the continent - notably in Southern Africa. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Once seen only as a continent of poverty, violence and corruption, the Africa of today is a vibrant place where social forces demand representative governance, in the process generating fresh forms of complexities in the political, social and economic life of ordinary Africans. (routledge.com)
  • The third hypothesis suggests that increased genetic diversity is the result of migrations from the African continent into southern Europe ( 8 , 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • Africa has been inferred to be the continent of origin for all modern human populations, with the earliest modern-human skulls having been discovered in east Africa. (stanford.edu)
  • AU member states tasked the AU Commission to accelerate the establishment and operationalization of the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), and the concept of an Africa-owned technical arm, now known as Africa CDC, to ensure health security on the continent, was born," said John Nkengasong, director of the Africa CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • HARARE, Jun 5 2012 (IPS) - The Southern African Development Community's protocol on shared watercourses is recognised as one of the world's best. (ipsnews.net)
  • Michael Hess of the USAID says the food situation in southern Africa is always precarious. (voanews.com)
  • Mr. Hess says USAID and WFP were able to get food aid to six southern African nations in a timely manner. (voanews.com)
  • One of the most popular holiday activities in Southern Africa is wildlife safaris in search of spotting the Big Five (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, rhino). (wikitravel.org)
  • Populations of indigenous people in southern Africa carry a gene that causes lighter skin, and scientists have now identified the rapid evolution of this gene in recent human history. (phys.org)
  • It was initially populated by indigenous or native Africans San , Khoikhoi [10] and Pygmies in widely dispersed concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sangomas speak to their patients through normal conversation, whilst others speak in tongues, or languages foreign to their patients, but all languages used by sangomas are indigenous Southern African languages depending on the specific ancestors being called upon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genetic structure of the indigenous hunter-gatherer peoples of southern Africa, the oldest known lineage of modern human, is important for understanding human diversity. (jcvi.org)
  • Making milled grain available would allay the fears of some Southern African nations that GM strains could be planted, with the possibility of genetic material from such strains being transferred to their indigenous varieties. (scidev.net)
  • We want to see the church in Southern Africa actively participating in Indigenous Biblical Church Movements amongst East Asia's peoples. (omf.org)
  • The Kalahari desert forms the central depression of the Southern African plateau. (britannica.com)
  • Continue to our tented camp near Kruger National Park and savour a delicious South African dinner in a boma. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Late rains, extended dry periods, two major cyclones and economic challenges have proved a recipe for disaster for food security and livelihoods across Southern Africa . (fao.org)
  • NSJ, a non-profit, professional organisation, promotes quality journalism because it believes that a professional and free media are critical in enhancing democracy in the Southern Africa. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Eliot Zitsanza, the Zambia-based chief scientist at the International Red Locust Control Organisation for Central and Southern Africa, which assisted in a local study on the pest, said the South American experience suggested invaded fields could lose 30 to 40 percent of their crop. (reuters.com)
  • Later, stop by Boulders Beach to see the resident population of African penguins, and continue to the Cape Point lighthouse and the Cape of Good Hope, the southwesternmost point in Africa. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The cuisine varies from local South African to Cape Dutch to Malay to, quite often, that of the country you happen to be travelling through. (southafrica.net)
  • An article by Tim Forssman on mg.co.za - Unearthing the neglected role of hunter-gatherers in social transformation - reports on the rich cultural sequences in the archaeological record of southern Africa that supplement hunter-gatherer histories, and how hunter-gatherers, in the middle Limpopo Valley area, participated in complex social organisations and contributed to these systems. (bradshawfoundation.com)
  • This paper focuses attention on southern Africa, and in particular a group of hunter-gatherers, the Bushmen, who speak one of the Khoisan languages," said Feldman. (stanford.edu)
  • Many freshwater fish, crabs, dragonflies, molluscs and aquatic plants are at risk of extinction in southern Africa if its rivers and lakes are not protected from developers, according to IUCN. (iucn.org)
  • UC Davis anthropologist Brenna Henn and colleagues have shown that a gene for lighter skin spread rapidly among people in southern Africa in the last 2,000 years. (phys.org)
  • Relief officials in southern Africa say heavy rains for the past month have killed several dozen people and displaced tens of thousands one month before the peak of the rainy season. (voanews.com)
  • Southern Africa is home to many cultures and people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The WFP estimates that relatively small sum of 270 million dollars will be needed to feed people in Southern Africa until the next harvest in April 2006. (globalresearch.ca)
  • It looks at the full range and variety of African politics in the twenty-first century covering the changing nature of African society, gender issues, economic prosperity and poverty to the development of relations between African states, external organisations and between leaders and the people they would govern. (routledge.com)
  • Springbok Atlas Tours and Safaris are fun and sociable enabling you to connect with fellow travellers whilst experiencing the extraordinary adventure of Southern Africa - its diverse beauty, scenery, cultures, people, food, history, nature and wildlife. (sa-venues.com)
  • enabling guests to become connected with the real Southern Africa and its people. (sa-venues.com)
  • With just a fraction of more than 12 million HIV-positive people in southern Africa currently accessing prevention, care and treatment services, the time for idly standing by and watching the pandemic exact its deadly toll, is over, " said Dr. Mukesh Kapila, Federation's new Special Representative for HIV and AIDS. (medindia.net)
  • While Southern Africa has seen significant economic growth, the number of people living in poverty has grown over the last two decades. (usaid.gov)
  • Persistent concerns have been raised over the safety of GM maize, and this has seriously jeopardised the delivery of food aid to vulnerable people that require it urgently across Southern Africa," said Angola's planning minister, Ana Dias Lourenco. (scidev.net)
  • 40 million people in Southern Africa are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to the double threat of the coronavirus and consecutive climatic shocks, warned Oxfam today. (oxfam.org)
  • Seven out of ten people across sub-Saharan Africa work in the informal sector with little or no employment benefits. (oxfam.org)
  • Without the participation of these people, patterns of evolution within Africa can't be determined," he said. (stanford.edu)
  • They genotyped 650,000 such individual changes or "single-nucleotide polymorphisms" in people from 25 African populations. (stanford.edu)
  • 1975)‎. The ecology of Praomys (‎Mastomys)‎ natalensis in southern Africa. (who.int)
  • Kudi is one of the market leaders in Agent Banking driving financial inclusion in Nigeria and Africa at large. (terrapinn.com)
  • In the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou, thousands of African immigrants, many of them small-scale clothing traders from Nigeria, have come seeking business opportunities. (npr.org)
  • By contrast, Zwelinzima Vavi, the leader of the Congress of South African Trade Unions, Cosatu - the key partner of Mbeki's ruling African National Congress - has said it is already too late to save Zimbabwe's electoral process, and that the political dice are so irretrievably stacked against the opposition that, with only three weeks to go, the election cannot possibly be free and fair. (iwpr.net)
  • They examine the historical background of asset allocation and its impact on questions of nationality, the definition of citizenship, human rights and the current political and economic processes in southern Africa. (routledge.com)
  • As you all know this chronic situation in southern Africa, lot's of complications that have to do with chronic poverty and AIDS that's endemic in this part of the world that leads to serious problems almost every year,' he said. (voanews.com)
  • Each country in southern Africa has a unique history but in all of them socio-economic inequalities and high poverty levels weaken the governments' legitimacy and represent a challenge to models of economic development. (routledge.com)
  • The Southern African Development Community has an ambitious infrastructure development plan to deal with the region's deficit road, rail and ports infrastructure. (ipsnews.net)
  • it's thought that humans first lived in a large and genetically diverse population in Africa, from which smaller groups broke off and migrated to what is now Europe. (newscientist.com)
  • This is mainly because African populations are some of the most genetically diverse in the world. (stanford.edu)
  • LUSAKA (Reuters) - A maize pest that has devastated crops in southern Africa is a South American species which is harder to detect and eradicate than its African counterpart, agriculture officials and experts said on Tuesday. (reuters.com)
  • GIEWS said that the season for planting maize in Southern Africa had already experienced delays, while crops sown faced the prospect of being negatively affected due to inadequate rains and higher temperatures. (eurasiareview.com)
  • Maize prices in southern Africa are really getting high," said Shukri Ahmed. (eurasiareview.com)
  • Officials from the U.S. Agency for International Development and the World Food Program say enough food has been delivered to avert famine in southern Africa. (voanews.com)
  • Southern African ancient genomes estimate modern human divergence to 350,000 to 260,000 years ago. (seenthis.net)
  • Four main types of vegetation are found: savanna woodlands (known as miombo forest) in the north, a series of dry woodlands to the south of these, arid and semiarid grassland , scrubland, and bushland in the Namib and Kalahari deserts and their environs, and Mediterranean vegetation along the southern coast. (britannica.com)
  • However, although the analysis of the soil indicates that African dust is the main contributor to the formation of the palaeosol, "the underlying rock also contributes, probably with residual quartz," the researcher added. (redorbit.com)
  • There are two main types of traditional healers within the Nguni , Sotho-Tswana , and Tsonga societies of Southern Africa: the diviner ( sangoma ), and the herbalist ( inyanga ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations just 2,000 years ago. (phys.org)
  • A new linguistic analysis attempts to rewrite the story of Babel by borrowing from the methods of genetic analysis - and finds that modern language originated in sub-Saharan Africa and spread across the world with migrating human populations. (newscientist.com)
  • Remarkably, this echoes genetic analyses showing that African populations have higher genetic diversity than European, Asian and American populations. (newscientist.com)
  • as smaller populations broke off and spread across the world, human language lost some of its phonemic diversity, and sounds that humans first spoke in the African Babel were left behind. (newscientist.com)
  • Using SNP data from 2,099 individuals in 43 populations, we show that estimates of recent shared ancestry between Europe and Africa are substantially increased when gene flow from North Africans, rather than Sub-Saharan Africans, is considered. (pnas.org)
  • A particular pattern of interest is the higher level of genetic diversity in southern European populations compared with those in northern latitudes. (pnas.org)
  • The largest analysis of the genomic diversity of African hunter-gatherer populations reveals that modern humans likely originated in southern Africa, rather than eastern Africa as is generally assumed. (stanford.edu)
  • But the great genetic diversity of African populations made it hard to accurately predict where in Africa humans might have originated. (stanford.edu)
  • In addition, populations outside Africa contain a subset of the genetic diversity found there. (stanford.edu)
  • Statistical analysis showed that the Bushmen had the greatest genetic variation and are most likely to be the source population from which all other African populations diverged. (stanford.edu)
  • More than 5,000 years ago, sub-Saharan Africa was populated mainly by linguistically and culturally diverse hunter-gatherer populations. (stanford.edu)
  • It's difficult to believe that the geological force that almost broke Africa in two instead created such serene landscapes. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Today we're headed for Southern Africa, a place that holds something for every traveler, for every budget - cosmopolitan cities, world-class safaris, not to mention record-setting sights that will take your breath away. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Springbok Atlas Tours & Safaris is one of Southern Africa s leading tour operators. (sa-venues.com)
  • Our wide selection of enthralling guided holidays, tours, safaris and day tours showcases the many, diverse splendours of Southern Africa. (sa-venues.com)
  • Fill out the form below to receive additional information about our African Safaris or give us a call at 800-543-8917 . (nathab.com)
  • Hi Nat Hab, I'm interested in your African Safaris. (nathab.com)
  • In an effort to develop country capacities in preparedness and response to animal health emergencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations organized a training workshop on Good Emergency Management Practices (GEMP) for Southern Africa. (fao.org)
  • Future prospects for the complete termination of the abuse and killings of persons with albinism depend on the United Nations and individual African nations' commitment to stop these human rights violations as described in a resolution passed in the US House of Representatives on February 22nd, 2010. (worldatlas.com)
  • Watch for the African "big five" in the region's finest wildlife reserves, meet with National Geographic-supported researchers in the field, and experience local life and culture in vibrant cities. (nationalgeographic.com)