Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Namibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Swaziland: A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Angola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.AfricaZimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Mozambique: A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Zambia: A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.AfricaNamibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Swaziland: A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.AfricaAfrica, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Namibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.AfricaAfrica South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Namibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Starvation: Lengthy and continuous deprivation of food. (Stedman, 25th ed)Lesotho: A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.Missions and Missionaries: To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.Angola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Medical Missions, Official: Travel by a group of physicians for the purpose of making a special study or undertaking a special project of short-term duration.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.AfricaAfrica, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Odonata: An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.AfricaConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.United States Office of Economic Opportunity: A division of the Executive Branch of the United States government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs relative to the provision of opportunities for economic advancement.Coyotes: The species Canis latrans in the family CANIDAE, a smaller relative of WOLVES. It is found in the Western hemisphere from Costa Rica to Alaska.Root Cause Analysis: Multi-step systematic review process used for improving safety by investigation of incidents to find what happened, why it happened, and to determine what can be done to prevent it from happening again.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Christian Science: A religion founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866 that was organized under the official name of the Church of Christ, Scientist. It includes the practice of spiritual healing.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.USSRChristianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.AfricaPeriodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Commonwealth of Independent StatesMultimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)

Progress toward measles elimination--Southern Africa, 1996-1998. (1/197)

Despite routine measles vaccination coverage of >70% in southern Africa during the early 1990s, low-level endemic transmission and periodic epidemics of measles continued. Since 1995, six southern African nations (Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe) have launched measles-elimination initiatives in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Regional Office (AFR). Strategies include programs to 1) achieve routine vaccination coverage of > or =95% with one dose of measles vaccine administered at age 9 months; 2) implement a one-time national catch-up measles vaccination campaign to interrupt indigenous transmission of measles; 3) implement periodic national follow-up measles campaigns to maintain interruption of measles transmission; and 4) establish case-based measles surveillance with laboratory confirmation. This report presents preliminary data about the progress toward measles elimination in the six southern Africa countries.  (+info)

Genetic differentiation of some Glossina morsitans morsitans populations. (2/197)

To study the population structure of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and singlestrand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) methods were used to estimate mitochondrial DNA diversity at four loci in six natural populations from Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and in two laboratory cultures. The Zambian and Zimbabwean samples were from a single fly belt. Four alleles were recorded at 12S and 16S1, and five alleles at 16S2 and COI. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed their singularities. Chi-square contingency tests showed that allele frequencies differed significantly among populations. Mean allele diversities in populations averaged over loci varied from 0.14 to 0.61. Little loss in haplotype diversity was detected in the laboratory cultures thereby indicating little inbreeding. Wright's fixation index F(ST) in the natural populations was 0.088+/-0.016, the correlation of haplotypes within populations relative to correlations in the total. A function of its inverse allows an estimate of the mean equivalent number of females exchanged per population per generation, 5.2. No correlation was detected between pairwise genetic distance measures and geographical distances. Drift explains the high degree of differentiation.  (+info)

Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa". (3/197)

The Lemba are a traditionally endogamous group speaking a variety of Bantu languages who live in a number of locations in southern Africa. They claim descent from Jews who came to Africa from "Sena." "Sena" is variously identified by them as Sanaa in Yemen, Judea, Egypt, or Ethiopia. A previous study using Y-chromosome markers suggested both a Bantu and a Semitic contribution to the Lemba gene pool, a suggestion that is not inconsistent with Lemba oral tradition. To provide a more detailed picture of the Lemba paternal genetic heritage, we analyzed 399 Y chromosomes for six microsatellites and six biallelic markers in six populations (Lemba, Bantu, Yemeni-Hadramaut, Yemeni-Sena, Sephardic Jews, and Ashkenazic Jews). The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades. Interestingly, one of the Lemba clans carries, at a very high frequency, a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is known to be characteristic of the paternally inherited Jewish priesthood and is thought, more generally, to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin. The Bantu Y-chromosome samples are predominantly (>80%) YAP+ and include a modal haplotype at high frequency. Assuming a rapid expansion of the eastern Bantu, we used variation in microsatellite alleles in YAP+ sY81-G Bantu Y chromosomes to calculate a rough date, 3,000-5,000 years before the present, for the start of their expansion.  (+info)

The ecology of Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis in southern Africa. (4/197)

The only non-human host of Lassa virus so far identified is the multimammate mouse, Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis, but its precise role in the natural Lassa fever cycle remains to be determined. This species is also an important link in the plague cycle in southern Africa and is one of the commonest rodents of Africa. It is a prolific breeder and can be kept and bred easily in captivity. It is thus an excellent laboratory animal, although it needs to be handled with care because it is aggressive towards man and bites readily. The current status of knowledge of its taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and role as a disease vector is reviewed, but attention is drawn to the possibly disastrous consequences of attempting to eradicate a vector species before the natural cycle of the disease and the ecology of the vector are fully understood.  (+info)

The biology, behaviour, and ecology of Mastomys natalensis in southern Africa. (5/197)

The multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, is the most widespread and common rodent in Africa south of the Sahara. It is an ideal carrier of normally non-human diseases to the domestic environment, not only because of its semi-commensal habit but also because of a combination of other behavioural and ecological factors. Of these, the most important is an exceptionally high propagation rate.  (+info)

Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. (6/197)

Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus. The research, conducted from 1992 through 1999, focused specifically on heterosexual transmission in 5 sites that were selected to reflect urban and rural experiences, various populations, and economic and political opportunities for women at different historical moments over the course of the HIV epidemic. The authors found that the female condom and other woman-controlled methods are regarded as culturally appropriate among many men and women in southern Africa and are crucial to the future of HIV/AIDS prevention. The data reported in this article demonstrate that cultural acceptability for such methods among women varies along different axes, both over time and among different populations. For this reason, local circumstances need to be taken into account. Given that women have been clearly asking for protective methods they can use, however, political and economic concerns, combined with historically powerful patterns of gender discrimination and neglect of women's sexuality, must be viewed as the main obstacles to the development and distribution of methods women can control.  (+info)

Cooperation, control, and concession in meerkat groups. (7/197)

"Limited control" models of reproductive skew in cooperative societies suggest that the frequency of breeding by subordinates is determined by the outcome of power struggles with dominants. In contrast, "optimal skew" models suggest that dominants have full control of subordinate reproduction and allow subordinates to breed only when this serves to retain subordinates' assistance with rearing dominants' own litters. The results of our 7-year field study of cooperative meerkats, Suricata suricatta, support the predictions of limited control models and provide no indication that dominant females grant reproductive concessions to subordinates to retain their assistance with future breeding attempts.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (8/197)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

*Ghanzi District

UN-HABITAT (2002). Local Democracy and Decentralization in East and Southern Africa: Experiences from Uganda, Kenya, Botswana, ...

*Associação de Escuteiros de Angola

Angola is the ninth and newest member of the Southern Zone of the Africa Region. Although Scouting is growing, the country is ... and was officially welcomed into WOSM at the World Scout Conference in South Africa in July 1999. The association is a member ...

*Lunda Sul Province

Compendium of elections in Southern Africa, 1989-2009: 20 years of multiparty democracy. Electoral Institute of Southern Africa ... The Kasai forms the eastern and southern frontier of Lunda Sul and is the main river of the province. The Kwango River is also ...

*Cofimvaba

"Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 120. ... Cofimvaba is a town in Chris Hani District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Village 79 km east of ...

*Angola-Portugal relations

2-5. Kalley, Jacqueline A.; Elna Schoeman (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from ... Kalley, Jacqueline A.; Elna Schoeman (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from ...

*LM & Others v Government of Namibia

In 2009 the women, assisted by the Southern Africa Litigation Centre, the Namibia Women's Health Network and the Legal ... Independent Newspapers Online (2012-07-31). "Namibian forced sterilisation ruling lauded - Africa , IOL News". IOL.co.za. ...

*South Africa-Swaziland relations

South Africa invested heavily in Swaziland's economy, and Swaziland joined the Pretoria-dominated Southern African Customs ... South Africa-Swaziland relations refers to the current and historical relationship between the Republic of South Africa and the ... In June 1993, South Africa and Swaziland signed a judicial agreement providing for South African judges, magistrates, and ... Swaziland's High Commission in South Africa Kingdom of Swaziland Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of South Africa. SOUTH ...

*Southern Africa

Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used ... There is only limited data on the other Southern African countries. History of Southern Africa Kalahari Sub-Saharan Africa " ... five countries constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Lesotho Namibia South Africa Swaziland The Southern African Customs Union ( ... The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South ...

*SwissCham Southern Africa

... (SCSA). SCSA is also a member of SwissCham, the Association of Swiss Foreign Trade Chambers since ... SCSA is also part of SwissCham-Africa, which is the Swiss African Chamber of Commerce for Trade and Investments for Swiss ... The 1956 formed Swiss-South African Association (SSAA) was merged into the Swiss-South African Chamber of Commerce (founded in ... Official website International relations portal Switzerland portal South Africa portal. ...

*Southern Africa mangroves

The Southern Africa mangroves are an ecoregion of mangrove swamps in rivers and estuaries on the eastern coast of South Africa ... Many areas of mangrove in southern Africa have been cleared for timber, urban and industrial development, including tourist ... 140 pg "Southern Africa mangroves". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. ... These mangroves grow in the mouths of rivers on the Indian Ocean coast of South Africa, where the sea is warmed by the ...

*Southern Africa Direct

... (or SA Direct as it is known) is a lifestyle and culture television channel, broadcast in the United ... The channel markets itself as the first 'Destination TV' channel in the UK and is primarily focused on Southern Africa. The ... On 11 January 2010, Takbeer TV began testing after purchasing the Southern Africa Direct EPG slot and replaced it on 14 January ...

*Development Southern Africa

... , the journal of the Development Bank of Southern Africa, publishes articles that reflect innovative ... thinking on key development challenges and policy issues facing South Africa and other southern African countries.. ...

*Avis Southern Africa

AVIS RENT A CAR SOUTHERN AFRICA ANNOUNCES NEW STRUCTURE". Retrieved 25 April 2013. Businessweek. "Avis Southern Africa". ... is a South African car rental company headquartered in Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. Avis Rent a Car South Africa is ... In April 1997, Servgro unbundled and Avis Southern Africa was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Namibia Stock Exchange ... In March 2005, Barloworld Limited acquired the full ownership of Avis Southern Africa, hence the delisting from the ...

*Southern Africa BC

186,000 BC - Earliest footprints of humans found in South Africa 100,000 BC - the San or Bushmen (hunter-gatherers) are ... Date of man-made shelters discovered north of current day Johannesburg See Years in South Africa. ...

*Southern Africa Social Forum

The Southern African Social Forum(SASF) was a Social Forum conference held in a different Southern Africa county each year. It ... of Southern Africa]" and that the New Economic Plan for African Development (NEPAD) should be rejected "as an expression of ... ANOTHER SOUTHERN AFRICA IS POSSIBLE!, Globalise Resistance article on 2003 SASF Trumpet of liberation sounds out in Africa, ... The 2003 SASF was held on the 9-12 November 2003 in Lusaka Zambia under the banner "Another Southern Africa is Possible". ...

*Southern Africa Cat Council

The Southern Africa Cat Council (SACC) is a cat registry and cat fancy organisation based in South Africa, affiliating 9 clubs ... In 1996, the members overhauled the organisation's structure and constitution, and adopted the name Southern African Cat ... SACC was founded in 1945 as the Associated Cat Clubs of South Africa, the first organisation serving the South African cat ...

*Southern Africa Freedom Trail

"Rhodesia attacks". South Africa History Archive. ZAPU. Retrieved 2014-11-11. "Lusaka: Southern Africa Freedom Trail". Global ... leader of the Zimbabwe African People's Union. The Southern Africa Freedom Trail was created by the Lusaka Global Shapers, an ... The Southern Africa Freedom Trail is a route running through Lusaka, Zambia that leads to a number of historic sites ... The Southern Africa Freedom Trail directs followers to these historic, yet often unmarked, locations. Some of the locations on ...

*First Fruits (Southern Africa)

The First Fruits festivals of the Nguni peoples in Southern Africa are a type of sacrificial ceremony of giving the first ... Snedegar, Keith, [First Fruit Celebrations among the Nguni Peoples of Southern Africa: An Ethnoastromical Interpretation], ...

*ADs in Southern Africa

300 AD - Early Iron Age communities are established in the northern and eastern regions of Southern Africa 500 AD - A group of ... Arab traders trade along the east coast of the Southern African region 1050 - 1270 AD - Kingdom of Mapungubwe 4th century - ...

*Great Escarpment, Southern Africa

McCarthy, T.S. (2013) The Okavango delta and its place in the geomorphological evolution of Southern Africa. South African ... With the widening of the Atlantic, Indian and Southern Oceans, Southern Africa became tectonically quiescent. Earthquakes ... slopes from the high central Southern African plateau downward in the direction of the oceans that surround Southern Africa on ... the remnants of which are at present located far to the southwest of Southern Africa close to southern tip of South America. ...

*Disney Junior (Southern Africa)

South Africa portal Media portal www.disney.co.za. ...

*Southern African lion

The Southern African lion (Panthera leo melanochaita) is a lion subspecies in Southern Africa. In this part of Africa, lions ... melanochaita in Southern Africa and most parts of East Africa, and P. l. leo in India and North, West and Central Africa. ... Southern African lions appear to be the largest lions in Africa. Male and female lions in Zimbabwe, the Kalahari and Kruger ... The lion population in this part of South Africa is extinct. Living lion populations in other parts of Southern Africa were ...

*Southern African hedgehog

The Southern African hedgehog is found throughout southern Africa, specifically in Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and ... The Southern African hedgehog is not a threat to humans; however, humans are a threat to the Southern African hedgehog, ... which are two medical problems that Southern African hedgehogs typically face. In South Africa, it is illegal to keep ... African_hedgehog_(Atelerix_frontalis) "Atelerix frontalis (southern African hedgehog)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2016-04 ...

*Southern African wildcat

The Southern African wildcat (Felis lybica cafra) is one of three subspecies of the African wildcat. It is native to southern ... The Southern African wild cat is widely distributed throughout Africa south of the equator, but does not occur along the ... Iziko Museums of South Africa Skinner, J. D. & Chimimba, C. T. (2005). The mammals of the southern African sub-region. ... The feeding habits of the Southern African wildcat, a facultative trophic specialist, in the southern Kalahari (Kgalagadi ...

*Southern African anchovy

The Southern African anchovy (Engraulis capensis) is a species of anchovy which occurs in the southeast Atlantic Ocean near ... Namibia and South Africa. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Engraulis capensis" in FishBase. June 2011 version.. ...

*SAS Makhanda

"The South African Navy during the years of conflict in Southern Africa 1966-1989" (PDF). Retrieved August 14, 2014. "Revamped ... SAS Makhanda is a Warrior-class strike craft of the South African Navy, currently configured as an Offshore Patrol Vessel. She ... was commissioned in 1986 and originally named SAS Magnus Malan for South African Party minister of defence Magnus Malan, she ...

*Fiduciary Institute of Southern Africa

The Fiduciary Institute of Southern Africa (FISA) is a non-profit professional organisation. It represents fiduciary ... It engages with the South African Treasury on issues that affect the industry and the public. FISA aims to raise awareness and ... "Angélique Visser - South Africa , LinkedIn". Za.linkedin.com. 1991-03-01. Archived from the original on 2014-02-07. Retrieved ... Prior to the change, members were the main trust companies in South Africa on a corporate membership basis. After the change, ...
The workshop will explore how the APRM process has unfolded in Southern Africa. It will also assess the current status of regional economic community (REC) engagement with the APRM, in particular the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The organising partners also hope to initiate dialogue with SADC and other African RECs to establish a deeper and more structured relationship between them and the APRM continental institutions. Workshop participants will make recommendations for ways in which the APRM and RECs can and should work more closely to enhance good governance practices.
The SADC Pharmaceutical Business Plan 2007-2013 aims at ensuring availability of essential medicines, including African traditional medicines, in order to reduce disease burden in countries. Within this context, Botswana has collaborated with WHO in the collection and analysis of data on its pharmaceutical situation. This information will be used as a baseline before embarking on the implementation of the Pharmaceutical Business Plan, and will be used: to take stock of the pharmaceutical situation and identify areas in need of strengthening and support; to compare results with those of other countries fostering a sharing of experiences and enabling identification of strengths and opportunities for cooperation; and to measure over time the impact of the support provided by the SADC Secretariat, WHO and other partners. ...
For purposes of facilitating the delivery of services, SADC countries are divided into regions / provinces and local areas. In this article, it is argued that population density, ethnic groups and the size of SADC countries are important factors to be considered in the demarcation of each country into manageable administrative regions. The establishment of administrative regions, in turn, necessitates the creation of intergovernmental structures that are responsible for the co-ordination of the activities of two or more spheres of government.
The SAHGP includes scientists, medical practitioners, biostatisticians, ethicists, government representatives, lawyers and industry representatives, and is managed and led by southern Africans (emphasising the critical importance of sovereignty); its outputs will benefit southern African populations. The SAHGP will therefore focus specifically on southern African genomes; one of its most important objectives is to build local capacity for genomerelated research to ensure that this programme remains true to its objectives of being Africo-centric and is sustainable. Evidence suggests that humans evolved in Africa; consequently, the African gene pool is likely to hold import information regarding the selection of genetic variants in response to changing environments. However, this information has not been fully examined in Africa so as to understand population-specific disease burdens and the efficacy of various treatments. The programme aims to make a significant contribution to understanding DNA ...
3 SADC social protection instruments: towards a minimum floor. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has as its mission the promotion of sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development through efficient production systems, deeper cooperation and integration, good governance, and durable peace and security, so that the region emerges as a competitive and effective player in international relations and the world economy.19. In order to achieve its mission, member states have concluded various instruments, such as Charters, Protocols, and Codes. Amongst these are instruments which are geared towards the promotion of adequate social protection in the region. SADC social protection-related instruments include the Declaration and Treaty of the SADC (the SADC Treaty), the Charter of Fundamental Social Rights in the SADC (the Social Charter), the Code on Social Security, the Protocol on Gender and Development, the Protocol on Health, the Protocol on Education and the ...
The continued prevalence of such laws is driving people in same-sex relations underground, and making authorities stubborn to the fact that even prisoners are having sex in prison," Kelly told a workshop on the role of the media and parliamentary involvement on HIV and AIDS, held in the Zambian capital of Lusaka on March 17.. The priest said that instead of "criminalizing" sexual orientation, southern African countries should follow the South African example and legalize gay partnerships, "to ensure access to prevention and treatment, as well as the involvement of these people and prisoners in the battle against the epidemic.". Still, Kelly later told Ecumenical News International, "I am not saying I support men-to-men sex.". The Lusaka workshop was organized by the parliamentary forum of the Southern African Development Community, and Panos, a media and communication network.. Originally from Tullamore in Ireland, Kelly has lived and worked in Zambia for more than 50 years. He has been ...
This discussion paper is a joint production of the FAO Subregional Office for Southern and East Africa and FAO Land and Water Development Division as a response to the regional drought of 2001 and 2002 in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The paper attempts to diagnose the root causes of the failure of food production systems that depend upon the control of water in the all-important root zone. The continuing vulnerability of staple food production systems to periodic drought and the volatility of incomes that are derived from agriculture continue to confound the subregion. Food import bills use up hard-won foreign exchange and distribution logistics to food short areas are stretched to the limit. Turning this chronic vulnerability around, it is argued, will require an advance on two fronts. First, by enhancing profitable farm operations through improved farm management and water control. Second, by expanding the economic opportunities for farmers through progressive regulation
Regional integration has been seen in Africa as a means of encouraging trade and securing economies of scale. This paper examines in detail the prospects and challenges for trade expansion in the two most prominent arrangements in eastern and southern Africa: the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It finds that possibilities of growth in intraregional trade may be limited, but that the two arrangements offer opportunities for member countries to gain policy credibility for trade reforms and tariff liberalization and to address structural weaknesses. In this regard, the negotiation of the Economic Partnership Agreements with the European Union can also have a significant impact.
In depositing its "instrument of ratification" at the United Nations today, South Africa took the formal step to become the twenty-third state to ratify the Rome Treaty. The ICC will prosecute future cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The court will come into being after sixty states have ratified the treaty. "South Africas ratification is a major step forward on the path to establishing the court," said Brigitte Suhr, Counsel for the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch. "South Africa has provided consistent leadership on behalf of an independent and effective ICC, and its ratification sends a strong message that this Court has strong support in every region. We believe its action today will help to spur additional ratifications in southern Africa and around the world." During the treaty negotiations for the ICC in Rome in 1998, South Africa, along with other states from the Southern African Development Community (SADC), played a key role in thwarting ...
fversigtafkong46kung.djvu 06-Oct-2007 10:54 19.7M fversigtafkong46kung.gif 06-Oct-2007 07:59 325.6K fversigtafkong46kung.pdf 16-Dec-2011 21:51 25.6M fversigtafkong46kung_abbyy.gz 06-Oct-2007 10:24 11.0M fversigtafkong46kung_archive.torrent 04-Jul-2017 20:57 17.8K fversigtafkong46kung_bhlmets.xml 04-Jul-2017 20:57 197.4K fversigtafkong46kung_bhlmets.xml_meta.txt 10-Feb-2013 10:33 277.0B fversigtafkong46kung_bw.pdf 16-Dec-2011 20:40 20.2M fversigtafkong46kung_dc.xml 05-Oct-2007 14:54 479.0B fversigtafkong46kung_djvu.txt 06-Oct-2007 14:27 681.5K fversigtafkong46kung_djvu.xml 06-Oct-2007 10:28 6.3M fversigtafkong46kung_files.xml 04-Jul-2017 20:57 6.8K fversigtafkong46kung_jp2.zip 06-Oct-2007 07:58 216.7M fversigtafkong46kung_marc.xml 05-Oct-2007 14:54 1.5K fversigtafkong46kung_meta.mrc 05-Oct-2007 14:54 503.0B fversigtafkong46kung_meta.sqlite 04-Jul-2017 20:57 6.0K fversigtafkong46kung_meta.xml 04-Jul-2017 20:57 1.6K fversigtafkong46kung_metasource.xml 05-Oct-2007 14:54 384.0B ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
Lusaka) - Government leaders gathered this week at a summit in Lusaka, Zambia should urgently press Zimbabwes government to end its broadscale attack on human rights, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today. Human Rights Watch called on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to deploy human rights monitors to Zimbabwe to assess the situation.. The summit, which takes place on August 16 and 17, 2007 is expected to address the ongoing political and economic crisis in Zimbabwe. At an extraordinary summit in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in March 2007, SADC asked South African president Thabo Mbeki to mediate talks between the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and the two factions of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Mbeki is expected to report back on the progress of the talks in Lusaka. "SADC members must take strong and effective action to deal with one of the regions most grave crises - Zimbabwe," said Peter ...
Opponents of President Robert Mugabe accused his government Tuesday of unleashing thugs to attack opposition supporters and seizing white-owned farms in an attempt to retain power. Mugabe, who has led Zimbabwe for 28 years, has virtually conceded that he did not win March 29 elections and appeared to be campaigning for an expected runoff against Morgan Tsvangirai by intimidating foes and fanning racial tensions. Tendai Biti, secretary-general of Tsvangirais Movement for Democratic Change, said he feared more violence unless the African Union and the Southern African Development Community step in. Police said they arrested five electoral officials on charges of tampering with the results, giving Mugabe some 4,993 votes less than were cast for him, the state-controlled newspaper the Herald reported. Mugabes land reform was supposed to take large commercial farms - much of Zimbabwes most fertile land - owned by about 4,500 whites and redistribute it to poor blacks.
KABINGA J. PANDE, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Zambia, said that a global strategy to ensure achievement of the Millennium Development Goals for all would only be meaningful if it was "all-inclusive" and empowered women, girls and other vulnerable groups. Indeed, womens empowerment and gender equality were key drivers for reducing poverty, building food security and reducing maternal mortality. To that end, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) member States had signed a Gender and Development Protocol last month, the first of its kind in Africa. While he went on to express appreciation to the international community and many development partners, including China and the European Union, for their programme assistance, he also urged those partners to meet their commitments so Zambia could meet all the Millennium targets. Such action was crucial because relevant reports of the Secretary General had noted that many developing countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa, were ...
President of Botswana Ian Khama who is the current chairman of the Southern African Development Community, is expected to intervene following widespread protests in Zimbabwe.
Doing business 2014 : Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (English) This regional profile presents the Doing Business indicators for economies in Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). It also shows the regional average, the best performance globally for each indicator and data for the following comparator regions: East Asia and the Pacific, Economic Community of Central African States, Middle East and North Africa, Southern African Development Community, and European Union. ... See More + The data in this report are current as of June 1, 2013, except for the paying taxes indicators, which cover the period January to December 2012. Regional Doing Business reports capture differences in business regulations and their enforcement across countries in a single region. They provide data on the ease of doing business, rank each location, and recommend reforms to improve performance in each of the indicator areas. The report sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a ...
Analysts say alleged misrepresentation of facts appears to be reaction to Southern African Development Communitys recent criticism of Z
Welcome to the archive of groundwater literature from the Southern African Development Community (SADC). See the about page for more information about this website. Click on a country below to browse country information or use the search form to find reports. Throughout the site references available to download in PDF format are indicated by ...
Copyright , Contact , Privacy policy , Terms & Conditions © SADC, BGS, GIZ and DFID 2017. This site is hosted by the British Geological Survey but responsibility for the content of the site lies with Southern African Development Community (SADC) not with the British Geological Survey. Questions, suggestions or comments regarding the contents of this site should be directed to [email protected] ...
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat will this week convene a two-day multi-sectoral stakeholder consultative meeting to develop a regional preparedness and response strategy to ...read more ...
Eastern and Southern Africa is a vast, geographically diverse region that stretches from the Red Sea in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south. The UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa region (ESAR) encompasses 21 programme countries: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.. Like the rest of the continent, most of Eastern and Southern Africa became the theatre of European imperialism during the 19th and 20th century, with the United Kingdom, Portugal, Italy, Germany and France competing for political power, access to fertile land and dominance over important trading routes.. The first country in the region to become independent was South Africa in 1931. The last countries to gain international recognition as independent states were Namibia in 1990 and Eritrea in 1993.. Following the withdrawal of the colonial powers, many ...
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SOUTHERN AFRICA - To curb the spread of foot and mouth disease (FMD) from Zimbabwe, Botswana in 2003 started a massive project to erect a 2, 4-metre high electric fence to run 813 km along their common border, writes Ian Nkala.
Co-published with Taylor & Francis.The Southern African Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (SAJGO) is the official journal of the South African Society of Gynaecologic Oncology (SASGO), which is affiliated to the South African Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (SASOG) and to the International Gynecologic Cancer Society (IGCS). The Journal is based in South Africa but is also a regional journal for Southern Africa and the African continent. The Journal seeks to act as a forum for the discussion of issues of local importance and of specific importance to the developing world. The Journal aims to be the prime journal on women's cancer for local health care workers and gynaecologists, focusing on all aspects of cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis and treatment. The SAJGO is also a specialist journal catering for sub-specialist gynaecologic oncologists, for other specialists with a specific interest in breast and gynaecologic cancer, including medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
African Development Bank / Natural resources for development DOHA, Qatar, February 19, 2009/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- Remarks by Vice President El Bakri I welcome the opportunity to address the plenary session today on Natural Resources for Development. As you are well aware, the African Development Bank is striving to mainstream standards of good…
On the occasion of the 9th African Development Forum (ADF) in Marrakech, Morocco, the African Development Bank spoke with Abdalla Hamdok, Deputy Executive Secretary, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, on the way forward for development.
The African Development Bank is committed to Rwandas vision of transformation to a middle income economy as it commemorates the 20th anniversary of the genocide against the Tutsi in April 1994, said the President of the African Development Bank, Donald Kaberuka, while attending the commemoration...
The global HIV pandemic began to expand rapidly in southern Africa a decade later than was noted in central Africa, Europe, the Caribbean, and North America. Multiple factors played a role in this rapid expansion which led Southern Africa to become the most heavily afflicted region for HIV/AIDS globally. In this issue of Current HIV/AIDS Reports, investigators with active research interests in the region have reviewed key elements of the causes of and responses to the epidemic. Putative causes of the high HIV prevalence in the region are discussed, including host and viral biology, human behavior, politics and policy, structural factors, health services, health workforce, migration, traditional healers role, and other issues. Regional epidemiological trends are described and forecasted. Issues related to the continuum of HIV care and treatment are highlighted. We hope that the reviews will prove useful to those policymakers, health care workers, and scientists who are striving to reduce the ...
Citation. Schuster, S. C., Miller, W., Ratan, A., Tomsho, L. P., Giardine, B., Kasson, L. R., Harris, R. S., Petersen, D. C., Zhao, F., Qi, J., Alkan, C., Kidd, J. M., Sun, Y., Drautz, D. I., Bouffard, P., Muzny, D. M., Reid, J. G., Nazareth, L. V., Wang, Q., Burhans, R., Riemer, C., Wittekindt, N. E., Moorjani, P., Tindall, E. A., Danko, C. G., Teo, W. S., Buboltz, A. M., Zhang, Z., Ma, Q., Oosthuysen, A., Steenkamp, A. W., Oostuisen, H., Venter, P., Gajewski, J., Zhang, Y., Pugh, B. F., Makova, K. D., Nekrutenko, A., Mardis, E. R., Patterson, N., Pringle, T. H., Chiaromonte, F., Mullikin, J. C., Eichler, E. E., Hardison, R. C., Gibbs, R. A., Harkins, T. T., Hayes, V. M.. Complete Khoisan and Bantu Genomes from Southern Africa. Nature. 2010 Feb 18; 463(7283): 943-7.. PubMed Citation. Abstract. The genetic structure of the indigenous hunter-gatherer peoples of southern Africa, the oldest known lineage of modern human, is important for understanding human diversity. Studies based on mitochondrial ...
Southern Africa potentially faces detrimental losses to many of its native species of freshwater fish, shellfish and insects due to water extraction and habitat loss, according to a Thursday report from the worlds top conservation agency, the Associated Free Press reported. There is a serious risk of extinction in 7 percent of the freshwater species in Southern Africa, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) announced at the World Water Forum in Istanbul. A study was conducted testing 1,279 freshwater species, and of these 94 for of them are reportedly at risk.. The IUCN warned, "This figure will skyrocket unless species conservation is considered in development planning." This information sounds a resonating alarm bell in an area that millions rely heavily on the rivers, lakes and wetlands for their supply of food and drinking water purified by aquatic organisms. Julia Marton-Lefevre, IUCNs director general said, "The report is really about a battle for survival, between ...
Abstract The evolutionary effects of glacial periods are poorly understood for Southern Hemisphere marine intertidal species, particularly obligatory sessile organisms. We examined this by assessing the phylogeographic patterns of the southern African volcano barnacle, Tetraclita serrata, a dominant species on rocky intertidal shores. Restricted gene flow in some geographical areas was hypothesized based on oceanic circulation patterns and known biogeographic regions. Barnacle population genetic structure was investigated using the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) region for 410 individuals sampled from 20 localities spanning the South African coast. The mtDNA data were augmented by generating nuclear internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) sequences from a subset of samples. Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA data reveal two distinct clades with mostly sympatric distributions, whereas nuclear analyses reveal only a single lineage. Shallow, but ...
Buy Commercialising Medicinal Plants (1919980830): A Southern African Guide: NHBS - Edited By: Nico Diedericks, AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
In vitro sensitivity of southern African reference isolates of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine and pyrimethamine / J. A. Freese, M. B. Markus & J. ...
The Southern African Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (SAJGO) focuses on womens cancer for local health care workers and gynaecologists. The journal covers all aspects of cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis and treatment. The SAJGO is also a specialist journal catering for sub-specialist gynaecologic oncologists, for other specialists with a specific interest in breast and gynaecologic cancer, including medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, geneticists, specialised nurses and research scientists.
Southern African Regional Poverty Network - Fill your calendar with corporate social responsibility and sustainability events with the help of CSRwire.
Evidence from numerous Pan-African savannah mammals indicates that open-habitat refugia existed in Africa during the Pleistocene, isolated by expanding tropical forests during warm and humid interglacial periods. However, comparative data from other taxonomic groups are currently lacking. We present a phylogeographic investigation of the African puff adder (Bitis arietans), a snake that occurs in open-habitat formations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Multiple parapatric mitochondrial clades occur across the current distribution of B. arietans, including a widespread southern African clade that is subdivided into four separate clades. We investigated the historical processes responsible for generating these phylogeographic patterns in southern Africa using species distribution modelling and genetic approaches. Our results show that interior regions of South Africa became largely inhospitable for B. arietans during glacial maxima, whereas coastal and more northerly areas remained habitable. This ...
Dr. Winstead presented a paper at the 1st biennial conference of the Journal of Southern African Studies in Livingstone, Zambia in August, 2015. The conference theme is Southern Africa Beyond the West: Political, Economic & Cultural Relationships with the BRICS Countries & the Global South. In addition to his paper and participating in a roundtable on setting the agenda of Southern African Studies in the 21st century and how African Studies should respond to the past two decades of change in Southern Africas position in the world, had meetings to exploring establishment of linkages between Howard University Center for African Studies and the Southern African Institute for Policy and Research (SAIPAR), an independent, educational research and development oriented research center in Zambia and one of the sponsors of the conference ...
The literature dedicated to exploring rural livelihoods in southern Africa has devoted comparatively little attention to non-agricultural livelihoods, as several authors have pointed out. This gap in knowledge about non-agricultural livelihoods is also reflected in the literature looking at the effects of AIDS on rural livelihoods in Southern Africa. In general, research focusing on the effects of AIDS on livelihoods has also tended to neglect effects on young peoples abilities to create sustainable livelihoods for themselves in the future, and consequently, AIDS-affected young peoples abilities to engage in non-agricultural livelihoods have been even less explored.. This paper reports on a study with rural young people (aged 10-24 years) in Malawi and Lesotho, focusing on their opportunities to learn skills and access capital and assets to engage in income generating activities (IGAs). Participatory group exercises and individual interviews provide many examples of how young people learn ...
Based on an evidence-focused literature review, this paper examines existing knowledge on raising adolescents in east and southern African countries, including Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Country selection was based on the availability of relevant literature and data. The vast majority of studies on parenting and adolescent development is based on research from the global north. This research sought to deepen understandings of family life, care practices and support networks in the east and southern African region so as to inform policy and interventions that seek to improve adolescent-family relations and reduce risk behaviours. An evidence-informed model for understanding the ecology of adolescent-parent relationships in the cultural and economic contexts of the region is provided. In addition, a framework for exploring contextually-relevant dimensions of parenting through research and practice is offered ...
The Board of the African Development Fund (ADF) on Wednesday approved a $685,000 grant to strengthen Zimbabwes capacity to manage disaster risks, including droughts, floods and tropical cyclones, through the Banks Africa Disaster Risk Financing (ADRiFi) programme.
Southern Africa: Southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe....
Nigerias agriculture minister was elected on Thursday to lead the African Development Bank, a major victory as the continents biggest economy clamors for a broader role in diplomacy and investment in the region.
Southern Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV worldwide, and South Africa has the highest number of HIV infected people. South Africa and other resource-limited countries provide antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people with HIV, with limited, standardized regimens for first line and second line. Patients who fail first line treatment are put on second line regimens, yet options for third line are very limited. The first study looks at predictors of first line treatment failure in South Africa and develops a predictive model that can estimate absolute risk of treatment failure over 5 years on ART, given a baseline profile of clinical and demographic factors. The model was developed with accelerated failure time models, using predictors that maximized discrimination between patients. The model can be used to identify patients who need adherence interventions, and to estimate how changes in baseline parameters in the population influence long-term need for second line ART. The second study ...
These are genera which are included both in the Jepson Manual of the Higher Plants of California and in the Plants of Southern Africa Checklist maintained by the South Africa National Biodiversity Institute. This may not be a complete list, because it was compiled rather hurriedly. The large number of shared genera is at least in part of course due to the introduction of many South African species into California, and probably also due to the common introduction of species from the Mediterranean into both South Africa and California, but obviously it says much else about the similar environments in the two places. I have gone through the Jepson Manual in an attempt to record those genera on this list that are composed exclusively of native species, those that are composed exclusively of non-native species, and those that are composed of both. The fact that a genera in California has a non-native species included in it is not in itself terribly significant because in many cases those non-native ...
The new MoU with Manitoba Province (Canada) focuses on youth development, the environment, and sustainable agriculture.. We have hosted a meeting of the South African Development Community (SADC) Ambassadors to Zimbabwe, demonstrating the attractions of the NW and the economic and developmental advantages our geographic position offers to the rest of SADC.. We thank the Minister of International Relations and Cooperation for helping open the possibilities of relation between some Indian provinces and the North West province.. Mr Speaker. We are happy that the President has moved to address the problem of South Africans who could not access bank bonds or quality for RDP houses.. We will commence this year with the rental stock (social housing). High rise is the way to go because all of us realise that land is inelastic. Human Settlements has constructed 13 200 housing units to date. Backlog for housing unit has moved from 249 000 to 207 000 whilst informal settlement backlog has moved from 50 000 ...
Like much of Sub-Saharan Africa, the Eastern and Southern Africa region has seen significant economic growth in recent years, largely relying on agriculture and extractives. However, it hasnt been able to keep up with the skilled labor demanded by the regions required economic transformation for further growth. Surveys reveal that firms in the region now face acute challenges in developing research and development (R&D) capacity and filling technical and managerial positions - not just due to inadequate production of college graduates that have been rising over the years, but also due to low quality and relevance of current education and training at the tertiary level.
The study will take place during routinely scheduled ART visits as per Ministry of Health guidelines. Routinely collected programmatic data will be used to assess general HIV outcomes (CD4 response, loss to follow-up, death) as well as collecting study specific data (hepatitis testing, questionnaire regarding risk factors for hepatitis/liver disease, and non-invasive liver scan) to address other aims. The study will be implemented at two sites in Southern Africa (Zambia and Mozambique) with a total enrollment across all sites of 1,900 participants. The Zambia site will only enroll 900 ...
Nutrition - Publications - HIV/AIDS - Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Meeting on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS, 2007, Nairobi, Kenya - Meeting report
An African Classical Age: Eastern and Southern Africa in World History, 1000 B.C. to A.D.400 von Christopher Ehret beim ZVAB.com - ISBN 10: 0852557884 - ISBN 13: 9780852557884 - James Currey - 1998 - Softcover
The rapidly accelerating AIDS epidemic of the 90s and its current state of "hyperendemicity" in southern Africa have affected the levels, intensity and nature of vulnerability. Not only does HIV co-exist with widespread food insecurity and economic inequality in time and space, it interacts with these conditions. HIV incidence rates are fuelled by food insecurity while subsequent AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, in turn, further exacerbate food insecurity. These interactions play out at household and community levels. In addition, HIV and nutrition interact negatively within the human body itself. Although often hidden, interactions play out in real time at different levels from the individual to the nation state. During the evolution of AIDS epidemics there are three sequential phases of vulnerability - upstream (relating to risk of infection), midstream (individual risk of developing opportunistic infections after HIV infection) and downstream (risk of serious impacts in households or ...
OVER 18 CSOs have petitioned government over its decision to allow First Quantum Minerals to continue constructing Chisola dam, which was stopped through an environmental protection order. The organisations, among them, AcitionAid, Canadian Mining Watch, Centre for Trade Policy and Development, Caritas Zambia and the Southern Africa Resource Watch, indicated that should FQM go for the option of constructing the dam before the Strategic Environmental Assessment, they would seek legal redress to stop the action.
Eastern and Southern Africa, the region most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, is making great strides to scale up access to prevention and treatment services, a United Nations official said today, adding that focus is on behavioural change and prevention of mother-to-child transmission.
Life is not easy for the low-income rural population of Southern Africa. This includes those living in the informal settlements around cities. It is in part due to shortcomings in basic services such as water, sanitation and electricity. More than half of the households are without running water. One of the day-to-day problems is gathering and carting sufficient water for domestic use from communal water sources. The water is often of dubious quality, and waterborne pathogens cause a range of bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases. Children and people with compromised immunities are especially at risk. Traditional energy sources for heating this domestic water, such as firewood and charcoal, are also scarce and expensive. This, inevitably, leads to a compromise in hygienic practices, and have a negative outcome on the health of the people. A device is thus envisaged that can assist the people in transporting, disinfecting and heating their water. The use of solar energy for heating the water ...
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies revealed their plan to expand the anti-AIDS programme to help 50 million people in Southern Africa to fight the dreaded disease
The presentations were on Community Concerns and the AMV by Claude Kabemba of Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) and Samantha Hargreaves of Women in Mining (WOMIN).
Southern Africa Explorer (including Victoria Falls), a 21 day tour from Cape Town to Augrabies Falls National Park, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and 9 destinations. No Booking Fees - Best Price Guarantee - 24/7 Customer Support & Unbiased Advice!
SHARE supports, facilitates, and promotes knowledge exchange, learning, and collaboration to improve the response to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa.
SHARE supports, facilitates, and promotes knowledge exchange, learning, and collaboration to improve the response to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa.
GLOBAL - Crop and livestock production prospects in Southern Africa have been weakened by the El Niño weather phenomenon that has lowered rains and increased temperatures.
Many freshwater fish, crabs, dragonflies, molluscs and aquatic plants are at risk of extinction in southern Africa if its rivers and lakes are not protected from developers, according to IUCN.
David I. Groves, Trudi Marchant, S. Maske, R. Grant Cawthorn; Compositions of ilmenites in Fe-Ni-Cu sulfides and host rocks, Insizwa, southern Africa; proof of coexisting immiscible sulfide and silicate liquids. Economic Geology ; 81 (3): 725-731. doi: https://doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.81.3.725. Download citation file:. ...
Officials say the food situation in southern Africa is always precarious, but a total of 370,000 metric tons of food has been delivered
Stable isotope analysis is an important tool for characterising food web structure; however, interpretation of isotope data can often be flawed. For instance, lipid normalisation and trophic fractionation values are often assumed to be constant, but can vary considerably between ecosystems, species and tissues. Here, previously determined lipid normalisation equations and trophic fractionation values were re-evaluated using freshwater fish species from three rivers in the Upper Zambezian floodplain ecoregion in southern Africa. The parameters commonly used in lipid normalisation equations were not correct for the 18 model species (new D and I parameters were estimated as D = 4.46‰ [95% CI: 2.62, 4.85] and constant I = 0 [95% CI: 0, 0.17]). We suggest that future isotopic analyses on freshwater fishes use our new values if the species under consideration do not have a high lipid content in their white muscle tissue. Nitrogen fractionation values varied between species and river basin; however, the
Birding resources in Southern Africa, Roberts Multimedia birding software, sounds, DVDs, birding gear, birding localities, guides, tours, accommodation
Sources: "Alameda County Health Data Profile 2014", "Alameda County Public Health Department", thepulseofoakland.com, www.cablackhealthnetwork.org, pacinst.org. (This is a sample of our findings. For a full packet of health statistics, visit the store and see the sales desk.). - African people have the highest rates of hospitalization for hypertension. - From infancy to 64 years, African people die at rates at least two times higher than white people. - African people have the highest rates of death from all cancers as well as unintentional injury of anyone in Alameda County.. - African people have the second highest rates of death from heart disease, stroke and chronic lower respiratory diseases. Pacific Islanders have the highest rates. - African people in Alameda County have the lowest life expectancy of any group at 74.7 years of age and African men as a group have an even lower life expectancy at 71.1 years. This is compared to 86.7 years in Piedmont.. - African people experience the most ...
Sources: "Alameda County Health Data Profile 2014", "Alameda County Public Health Department", thepulseofoakland.com, www.cablackhealthnetwork.org, pacinst.org. (This is a sample of our findings. For a full packet of health statistics, visit the store and see the sales desk.). - African people have the highest rates of hospitalization for hypertension. - From infancy to 64 years, African people die at rates at least two times higher than white people. - African people have the highest rates of death from all cancers as well as unintentional injury of anyone in Alameda County.. - African people have the second highest rates of death from heart disease, stroke and chronic lower respiratory diseases. Pacific Islanders have the highest rates. - African people in Alameda County have the lowest life expectancy of any group at 74.7 years of age and African men as a group have an even lower life expectancy at 71.1 years. This is compared to 86.7 years in Piedmont.. - African people experience the most ...
HIV-1 evolves rapidly and multiple genetic subtypes have been isolated from a number of geographic locations. There are limited data on the distribution of subtypes in the Southern African HIVNET sites. Data suggest subtype C HIV-1 predominates and this study is designed to substantiate and extend these observations to understand the biological relationship between HIV-1 subtypes, genetic variability, and immune responses. Earlier studies were conducted using individuals who had been seropositive for 3 to 9 years with advanced disease status; this study will test reactivity during the early stage of infection. This will assist in the rational selection of prototypic isolates for inclusion in either a single universal vaccine or vaccines tailored for specific subtypes/geographical regions.. Volunteers are recruited from Malawi, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The earliest possible cases of seroconversion are included. At enrollment, participants are counseled appropriately for their HIV ...
Notable progress has been made in reducing the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in sub-Saharan Africa, which declined by 49 per cent over 23 years, from 990 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 510 per 100,000 in 2013. In the East and Southern African region, several countries have made progress towards MDG 5, in particular Rwanda, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Angola.. Despite this good news, much remains to be done. An estimated 64,000 women died in childbirth in East and Southern Africa in 2013. Moreover, the majority of countries are far from reaching the Millennium Development Goal 5 target to improve maternal health.. Countries heavily affected by HIV in East and Southern Africa have made little or no progress since 1990. Some ESA countries initially saw an increase in their MMR due to HIV & AIDS. However, this trend is now reversing in the context of increasing HIV testing and ART initiation for pregnant women.. Conflict and political instability also negatively affect the MMR in the region. ...
The laying of the East Africa Sub-marine System (EASSY) which sould connect East Africa to Southern African countries to international fibre optic system stalled bcoz of the battle of the control btw. Kenya and South Africa. While the South Africans want to have full control, Kenya pushed for control be spread among 23 participating African countries along the Open Access model, where even non-investors in the system can access at reasonable rates. Kenyas lobby saw 17 nations decline to sign the agreement. With the dispute yet to be cleared, Kenya resort to lay its own cable, The East African Sub-marine Systems (TEAMS), linking Mombasa, Kenya to Fujaira in U.A.E which is underway ...
The National Horseracing Authority of Southern Africa, formerly the Jockey Club of Southern Africa, is the Southern African equivalent of the American and British Jockey Clubs.
Background: Receptor-defined breast cancer proportions vary across Africa. They have important implications for survival prospects and research priorities.. Methods: We studied estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER2 receptor statuses in two multiracial Southern African countries with routine diagnostic immunohistochemistry. A total of 12,361 women with histologically confirmed breast cancer diagnosed at age ≥20 years during (i) 2009-2011 from South Africas national cancer registry (public sector) and (ii) 2011-2013 from Namibias only cancer hospital were included. Crude, age, and age + laboratory-adjusted ORs of receptor status were analyzed using logistic regression, and age-incidence curves were analyzed using Poisson regression.. Results: A total of 10,047 (81%) women had known ER status. Ranking of subtypes was consistent across races: ER+/PR+HER2− was most common (race-specific percentage range, 54.6%-64.8%), followed by triple-negative (17.4%-21.9%), ...
Background: Receptor-defined breast cancer proportions vary across Africa. They have important implications for survival prospects and research priorities. Methods: We studied estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR) and human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER2) receptor statuses in two multiracial Southern African countries with routine diagnostic immunohistochemistry. 12361 women with histologically-confirmed breast cancer diagnosed at age ≥20 during (i) 2009-2011 from South Africas national cancer registry (public-sector) and (ii) 2011-13 from Namibias only cancer hospital were included. Crude, age and age+laboratory adjusted odds ratios of receptor status were analyzed using logistic regression and age-incidence curves analyzed using Poisson regression. Results: 10047 (81%) women had known ER status. Ranking of subtypes was consistent across races: ER⁺/PR⁺HER2⁻ was most common (race-specific percentage range: 54.6 to 64.8%), followed by triple-negative (17.4 to 21.9%), ER⁺/PR⁺HER2⁺ (9.6 ...
In Botswana, as in many southern African countries, community home based care (CHBC) has emerged as a critical vanguard in the provision of care to people living with HIV and AIDS but at a serious cost to the lives and livelihoods of caregivers, mainly poor and marginalized women and girls. The offloading of patients to the community in many parts of the region has been necessitated by public health systems facing a myriad of challenges, including limited financial and logistical support, ongoing brain drain, competing national priorities and diseases such as AIDS, TB and malaria ...
Global mid- and downstream energy company Puma Energy officially opened new bitumen and fuel terminals in Mozambique this week, raising its capacity in the Southern African country to 275 500 m³. The Matola terminals comprise 11 steel storage tanks, which have collectively added 115 000 m³ of storage capacity.
A cholera outbreak in the southern African country of Zambia, centered on the capital Lusaka, has led to an indefinite cancellation of some school openings and church services.
A cholera outbreak in the southern African country of Zambia, centered on the capital Lusaka, has led to an indefinite cancellation of some school openings and church services.
Farmers are getting ahead in the southern African country of Malawi by taking part in the Purchase for Progress initiative that helps them grow more and better food that they can sell at local markets. WFP supports the project by buying food at fair market prices, which it uses for aid programmes in other parts of the country.. ...
Roadside vendors selling mice on stick are sometimes used as evidence for widespread hunger in Malawi. Though malnutrition and food insecurity are persistent problems in the southern African country, mice are a common snack even among people who dont suffer from hunger.. ...
Madonna was asked uncomfortable questions by a judge in Malawi during the pop stars successful application to adopt more children from the southern African country, according to a court document obtained...
Madonnas bid to adopt a second Malawian child, a girl called Mercy James, will be examined by a court in the southern African country next week, officials said Friday.
New discoveries, such as B-1 from Mlambalasi, may renew discussion on the presence of small-bodied people in East Africa. Based on the few comparable skeletal samples, this individual does not conform to the typical tall, robust, and linear body proportions of previously reported East African LSA populations. Instead, itssmall body size has more in common with southern African peoples. This does not necessarily imply a biological link between these LSA populations. Hypotheses for why small size develops include the need for thermoregulation, limited food supply, enhanced mobility, and high mortality influencing early reproduction (Perry and Dominy, 2009; Pfeiffer and Harrington, 2011). In southern Africa, small body size may be linked to energetics and accident avoidance. The rate of injury among the South African LSA populations is lower than other mobile hunter-gatherer groups, which Pfeiffer (2007) interprets as possibly related to reduced body mass. Ethnographic studies of modern Khoesan ...
A kung fu master in China showed off his strength in a highly unusual way - using his genitals to pull an entire bus.. The video, filmed May 2, shows the kung fu master in Huizhou, Guangdong Province, using a rope attached to his nether regions to pull the bus, which reportedly weighs more than 13 tons.. The martial artist pulled the vehicle a distance of more than 6 feet.. Groin-based kung fu training appears to be on the rise in China, with a group of students appearing in a video last month dangling heavy wooden boxes from their private parts.. Master Wei Yaobin, known as the "Iron Crotch Kung Fu Master," went viral in February with a video showing him and some of his students taking strong blows to the groin. Wei claims his form of kung fu can help men overcome erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. ...
Ports and Ships offer news and reporting from the harbours of Southern and South Africa including shipping movements and port developments
... ROCKVILLE Md. March 14 2013 U...Hayes and her team at JCVI have long been studying the Khoesan people ...For this research study the team looked at 103 individuals within the ...While all populations carried significant Khoesan contributions the d...,Research,Team,led,by,JCVI,Scientists,Uncover,More,Complexity,and,Detail,in,Southern,African,Genomic,Diversity,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Abstract: The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) was conducted in part to investigate the impacts of the large-scale transport and deposition of increasingly anthropogenic emissions on southern African biogeochemical cycling. Aerosol samples from the Mongu site in eastern Zambia were collected and analyzed to identify chemical biomarkers during the SAFARI 2000 dry season field ... campaign. Total suspended particulate aerosol samples were collected diurnally for a period of two weeks during August and September of 2000.These data include bulk organic carbon, nitrogen and sulfur stable isotopic measurements of total suspended particulate aerosols and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis of fatty acids extracted from collected aerosols. These data were used to chemically describe temporal variability in aerosol compositions. ...
Interwies (2011) and Interwies and Görlitz (2013) consider the listed cultural services (aesthetic, spiritual, educational etc.) and
This paper both tests the morphologically based cladistic appraisal of the Apioceridae proposed by Yeates & Irwin (1996) using the 28S ribosomal RNA gene and reviews the systematic status and biology of Tongamya and the subfamily Megascelinae to which it belongs. Yeates & Irwin (1996) concluded that the subfamilies Rhaphiomidinae and Megascelinae, both formerly placed within the Apioceridae, were separate basal lineages of the family Mydidae. The 28S rDNA evidence presented here confirms the sister group relationship of Tongamya and Megascelus, their retention in the subfamily Megascelinae, the removal of that subfamily from the Apioceridae and its placement within the family Mydidae. New material and field observations of flies belonging to the genus Tongamya enable us to expand the known range of Tongamya miranda, describe a second species, Tongamya stuckenbergi sp. n., better diagnose Tongamya and its two included species, and expand on the habitat and flight behaviour of this remarkable and ...
books.google.co.zahttps://books.google.co.za/books/about/Strategic_Management.html?id=bDu3AAAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareStrategic Management ...
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RaGEZONE Recommends Originally Posted by balazs12 Comeon, we all know where Fred started and why the original game died out , he saw that opportunity and thats how they made Ne
INTERPOL Pretoria is part of the SAPS Corporate Communications Department which reports directly to the National Commissioner. It includes more than 20 liaison officers posted abroad. The role of INTERPOL Pretoria is to assist SAPS in preventing, fighting and investigating global crime and in bringing fugitives to justice. It is the exclusive platform for any SAPS investigation requiring international outreach, or for any international investigation requiring police cooperation from SAPS. INTERPOL Pretoria works closely with the Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Co-operation Organisation (SARPCCO), the South African Development Economic Community (SADEC) and the African Union (AU).. INTERPOL Pretoria processes extradition requests, stolen vehicle enquiries and drug and fraud offences, and provides assistance to SAPS and INTERPOL member countries in cases relating to missing persons, child abuse and illegal immigration.. NCB Structure:. ...
Sci-Bono Discovery Centre in Johannesburg was the host institution for the WBTs June 9-11 stop, where Dr. More Chakane, Sci-Bono CEO, and his team organized biotech-themed events, activities, and talks throughout the festival days to delight South African students and the general public with the wonders of biotechnology. Sci-Bono is Southern Africas largest science center, welcoming hundreds of thousands of visitors each year to its large collection of interactive science and technology exhibitions and suite of programs.. Exciting biotechnology engagement events extended outward from Jberg, with satellite festivals at Sci-Enza in Pretoria, Cape Town Science Centre, and a pop-up festival at the Boulders Mall shopping center in Midrand.. I was happy to join representatives from the Southern African Association of Science and Technology Centres (SAASTEC), the South African Agency for Science and Technology Advancement (SAASTA), and the (South African) National Research Foundation (NRF) to talk ...
Severe droughts and floods caused by the El Niño weather phenomenon continue to have what the UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF) has described as a "devastating impact" on young people.. A report published by UNICEF on Friday shows that East and Southern Africa are the worst hit regions where some 26.5 million children need support.. Jocelyne Sambira reports.. The 2015-2016 El Niño season has ended but its devastating impact on children is worsening, as hunger, malnutrition and disease continue to increase, UNICEF said.. According to the report Its not over - El Niños impact on children in many countries, already strained resources, have reached their limits, and affected families have exhausted their coping mechanisms, such as selling off assets and skipping meals.. The UN agency said that unless more aid is forthcoming, including urgent nutritional support for young children, decades of development progress could be eroded.. East and Southern African have borne the brunt of El Niño but in many ...
Members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Technical Committee on Environment have endorsed the new SADC Biodiversity Action Plan for ap...
In less than a year, the African Development Bank (AfDB) will be celebrating its 40th anniversary. This comes at a time when there is growing consensus all over the continent on the need for Africa to have ownership of its development. In tune with this, African heads of states in June 2003 committed their leadership to the New Economic Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD), which centres on African ownership and management of the agenda, strategy and process of the continents development. In fact, the overarching goal is for "Africa to claim this millennium".. The AfDB is tasked with co-ordinating and facilitating NEPAD. The African Development Bank (AfDB) is widely regarded as the premier financial and development institution of Africa. The Bank started operations in 1966 with a clear mandate to promote the economic and social development of its regional members and to promote international dialogue and understanding of development issues relevant to Africa. Within its general ...
A commitment to integrity and the highest integrity and ethical standards is fundamental to the Bank. The Office is the anchor of a successful corporate in
Until fairly recently, children in many African countries lived mainly in rural areas and were not exposed to the effects of a Western lifestyle. Early studies in a limited number of African countries, including South Africa, showed a very low rural prevalence of childhood asthma, especially where children lived according to a traditional lifestyle. These studies also showed that asthma was not uncommon in urbanized African children. There has been a massive migration over the past 20 years from those in rural communities to the large periurban squatter areas. The prevalence of current asthma has been on the increase not only in peri-urban and urban but also even in rural areas. This may be due, at least in part, to exposure of rural children to agricultural pesticides and irritants as well as of an increasing tendency to adopt a more Westernized lifestyle, such as the use of beds with mattresses, pillows, and blankets even in the rural areas [57].. The first study to address urban-rural ...
The Collection comprises four reviews and five research articles, and highlights how scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in eastern and southern Africa can help prevent HIV, not only at the individual level but also at the community and population level, as well as leading to substantial cost savings for countries due to averted treatment and care costs. Two of the research articles are published in PLoS ONE; the remaining seven articles are published in PLoS Medicine on 29th November 2011. They can be accessed from the PLoS Medicine VMMC Collection page; the table of contents is also included below.. The first article by Catherine Hankins of UNAIDS, Steven Forsythe of The Futures Institute, and Emmanuel Njeuhmeli of PEPFAR/USAID, offers an introduction to the cost, impact and challenges of accelerated scaling up and lays out the rationale for the Collection. The remaining eight papers focus on the various factors that have important roles in effective ...
JOHANNESBURG/WINDHOEK/LUANDA As one of the worst droughts in 30 years grips the southern African countries of Angola and Namibia, the threat of hunger, malnutrition, disease and lost livelihoods is growing., , , , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QiVTKmbDYs, , , , , , After almost three decades of low seasonal rainfall and a second year of failed rains, more than 778,000 people are either severely or moderately food insecure in northern Namibia. These include an estimated 109,000 children under the...
The African Development Bank is focusing more strongly on air pollution. As part of the banks 10-year strategy to facilitate Africas gradual transition to green growth, the bank has awarded Ramboll a contract for transport emission mapping and monitoring as well as capacity building in five cities.. Although indoor air pollution is the greatest problem, vehicle emissions are also steadily climbing, driven by urban sprawl, rapid motorisation and low levels of institutional capacity to manage traffic and its impacts. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that vehicle emissions account for 90% of urban air pollution in developing countries.. The main objective of the African Development Bank project is to advise city authorities and policy-makers on efficient and accurate methods for collecting, storing and analysing data as well as mapping air pollution levels in cities and, to identify options for financing low-emission transport technologies. The project will cover the ...
Shea Moisture - Shave African Black Soap Facial Wash & Scrub Gentle Exfoliator - 4 oz. (118mL) Shave African Black Soap Facial Wash & Scrub Gentle Exfoliator by Shea Moisture SheaMoisture Shave African Black Soap Facial Wash & Scrub Gentle Exfoliator is a hydrating facial wash & scrub for all skin types and is formulated with African Black Soap and organic Shea Butter blend with cleansing Kaolin Clay and exfoliating Jojoba beads. This multi-tasking cleanser dissolves excess oil and unclogs pores, leaving skin refreshed. Exfoliating Jojoba beads remove dead skin cells and minimize ashiness. A dose of vitamins nourish and recondition the skin, prepping it for a close shave. Featured Ingredients Shea Butter - deeply moisturizes & repairs skin with vitamins and essential fatty acids. Coconut Oil- nourishes and helps firm skin with Vitamins E & K, iron and fatty acids. Willow Bark Extract - its high content of salicylic acid helps exfoliate and condition skin. Better Begins Within
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Christopher Weldon is a PeerJ user. Bio: I lead the Flies of Economic Significance Research Group, which conducts research on the behaviour, ecology and physiology of flies (Insecta: Diptera) that affect human activities in southern Africa. Results from these studies inform sustainable management practices that can reduce reliance on pesticides, but may also facilitate the beneficial use of flies. Students that I supervise are pursuing projects on the invasion of the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) in southern Africa, mosquitoes that are vectors for Rift Valley Fever, biting midges that transmit African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses, and blow flies that can be used as forensic evidence or for bioconversion of organic waste. I have a research background that encompasses insect behaviour, ecology and physiology. My research has addressed a range of themes using pest fruit flies, particularly the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni, and more recently, the Mediterranean fruit fly,
The South African national John Liebenberg is one of the outstanding photographers of Southern Africa. While working as a press photographer for The Namibian and Reuters, he openly disregarded the censorship regulations in South Africa and showed the horrible face of the Apartheid regime of South Africa, as well as the face of the Apartheid regimes wars in the neighbouring countries: Namibia and Angola. His photos appeared on the front pages of big western newspapers. However, portraits and landscape photography are among his preferred motifs and themes ...
Adequate nutrition is essential in early childhood to ensure healthy growth, proper organ formation and function, a strong immune system, and neurological and cognitive development. Child malnutrition - as measured by poor child growth - is an important indicator for monitoring population nutritional status and health. In 2013, about 17%, or 98 million children under five years of age in developing countries were underweight (low weight-for-age according to the WHO child growth standards). Underweight prevalence is highest in the United Nation (UN) region of Southern Asia (30%), followed by Western Africa (21%), Oceania and Eastern Africa (both 19%) and South-Eastern Asia and Middle Africa (both 16%), and Southern Africa 12%. Prevalence below 10% for 2013 is estimated for the UN regions of Eastern, Central and Western Asia, Northern Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean. Childhood malnutrition, including fetal growth restriction, suboptimum breastfeeding, stunting, wasting and Vitamin A and zinc
A limited number of scientific publications dealing with aspects of BVDV infection have emanated from southern Africa. This study describes the isolation of BVD viruses, gene sequence analysis of the 5 non-translated region (5 NTR) of the genome, the generation of phylogenetic data of local strains and the recording of clinical signs associated with each isolate. Specimens (n=352) collected during 1998-1999, from live and dead animals from different farming systems, were obtained from private practitioners, feedlot consultants and abattoirs throughout the country. Specimens from buffaloes (cerus caffer the Kruger National Park were included as specimens from dead animals. Three cell lines and 200 tubes of pooled foetal bovine sera were also processed. Standard cell culture techniques to isolate virus were followed. Techniques designed to detect BVDV antigen or nucleic acid such as antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction, were used on blood, organs and ...

The African Peer Review Mechanism in Southern Africa: Exploring Synergies with the Southern African Development Community -...The African Peer Review Mechanism in Southern Africa: Exploring Synergies with the Southern African Development Community -...

... in particular the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The organising partners also hope to initiate dialogue with ... SADC and other African RECs to establish a deeper and more structured relationship between them and the APRM continental ... The workshop will explore how the APRM process has unfolded in Southern Africa. It will also assess the current status of ... The African Peer Review Mechanism in Southern Africa: Exploring Synergies with the Southern African Development Community. ...
more infohttp://ecdpm.org/events/the-african-peer-review-mechanism-in-southern-africa/

hotel africa i maputo - 28 images - polana serena hotel maputo mozambique, hotel africa business maputo mozambique hotel...hotel africa i maputo - 28 images - polana serena hotel maputo mozambique, hotel africa business maputo mozambique hotel...

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more infohttp://simvastatin.club/hotel-africa-i-maputo.html

4. The Nineteenth-Century Euro-American Mormon Missionary Model | Religious Studies Center4. The Nineteenth-Century Euro-American Mormon Missionary Model | Religious Studies Center

It would not be until the second half of the twentieth century that their ranks would shift to Africa, Latin America, and even ... Elders from the Southern States Mission sitting on a cliff. Courtesy of Church History Library. ... 41] Nevertheless, their emphasis on converting other Euro-Americans, at the expense of Asians, Africans, and Latinos, had an ... Conversely, American Protestants served the peoples of the Levant, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia, who knew little, if ...
more infohttps://rsc.byu.edu/archived/go-ye-all-world/missionary-training-and-practices/4-nineteenth-century-euro-american-mormon

Rapid genetic evolution linked to lighter skin pigmentation in a southern African populationRapid genetic evolution linked to lighter skin pigmentation in a southern African population

Populations of indigenous people in southern Africa carry a gene that causes lighter skin, and scientists have now identified ... The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations ... More information: Meng Lin el al., "Rapid evolution of a skin-lightening allele in southern African KhoeSan," PNAS (2018). www. ... The DNA and pigmentation sampling took place in the Northern Cape of South Africa in the southern Kalahari Desert and ...
more infohttps://phys.org/news/2018-12-rapid-genetic-evolution-linked-lighter.html

Southern Africa - WikipediaSouthern Africa - Wikipedia

Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used ... There is only limited data on the other Southern African countries. History of Southern Africa Kalahari Sub-Saharan Africa " ... five countries constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Lesotho Namibia South Africa Swaziland The Southern African Customs Union ( ... The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Africa

SwissCham Southern Africa - WikipediaSwissCham Southern Africa - Wikipedia

SwissCham Southern Africa (SCSA). SCSA is also a member of SwissCham, the Association of Swiss Foreign Trade Chambers since ... SCSA is also part of SwissCham-Africa, which is the Swiss African Chamber of Commerce for Trade and Investments for Swiss ... The 1956 formed Swiss-South African Association (SSAA) was merged into the Swiss-South African Chamber of Commerce (founded in ... Official website International relations portal Switzerland portal South Africa portal. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SwissCham_Southern_Africa

Southern Africa | Britannica.comSouthern Africa | Britannica.com

Southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, ... Independence and decolonization in Southern Africa*The consolidation of white rule in Southern Africa ... peoples and language groups of Africa (in Africa (continent): Central and Southern Africa) ... Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/place/Southern-Africa

Privacy Notice | Southern AfricaPrivacy Notice | Southern Africa

... related legal terms and conditions of BP Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd ("BPSA") applying to your use of and access to the website ... You also agree that your information may be shared with other members of the BP Group outside South Africa. Except as set out ... and any matters related to the aforegoing shall be governed by he law s of South Africa, and any dispute arising between you ... confidential arbitration proceedings held in accordance with the prevailing rules of the Arbitration Foundation of South Africa ...
more infohttps://www.bp.com/en_za/southern-africa/privacy-notice.html

Southern Africa - WikitravelSouthern Africa - Wikitravel

Southern Africa is a region that includes several non-tropical countries in Africa. ... Southern Africa. From Wikitravel. Revision as of 05:08, 5 June 2009 by Inas. (talk , contribs) (removed located perth redirect) ... Southern Africa is an adventure haven. The region has some of the highest bungee jumping spots in the world; fantastic hiking ... The Drakensberg (mountains of the dragon) range stretches some 1000km through Southern Africa, from the Eastern Cape through ...
more infohttps://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Southern_Africa&oldid=1162463

Southern Africa - WikitravelSouthern Africa - Wikitravel

Southern Africa is a region that includes several non-tropical countries in Africa. ... Southern Africa. From Wikitravel. Revision as of 09:12, 16 March 2010 by Babbelas. (talk , contribs) (→‎Countries: added ... Southern Africa is an adventure haven. The region has some of the highest bungee jumping spots in the world; fantastic hiking ... The Drakensberg (mountains of the dragon) range stretches some 1000km through Southern Africa, from the Eastern Cape through ...
more infohttps://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Southern_Africa&oldid=1409930

Southern African hedgehog - WikipediaSouthern African hedgehog - Wikipedia

The Southern African hedgehog is found throughout southern Africa, specifically in Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and ... Southern African hedgehog range The Southern African hedgehog (Atelerix frontalis) is a species of mammal in the family ... The Southern African hedgehog is not a threat to humans; however, humans are a threat to the Southern African hedgehog, ... which are two medical problems that Southern African hedgehogs typically face. In South Africa, it is illegal to keep ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_African_hedgehog

Position -  Southern AfricaPosition - Southern Africa

20 Bishopscourt Drive, Bishopscourt, Claremont, Western Cape, 7708, South Africa. Office:. +27 (0)21 763 1325. Fax:. +27 (0)21 ...
more infohttp://www.anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches/member-church/diocese/position.aspx?church=southern-africa&pos=provincial-executive-officer&posID=20021

Delos | Environment | Sustainability | Southern AfricaDelos | Environment | Sustainability | Southern Africa

Two monitoring platforms have been put in place: one within 50 metres of a sea floor well and a second 16 kilometres from any sea floor infrastructure. The platforms will be deployed for 25 years. During its first five years of operation, the harsh environment for data acquisition (at depths of approximately 1,400 metres) has affected the quality of some of the data we have been able to obtain from the observation modules. The modules are retrieved from the sea floor every 12 months for data offloading, instrument calibration and battery re-charging. We have gradually refined the operation and the system is now a proven concept for data acquisition. In 2014, we completed an independent review of data gathered by the DELOS equipment and by remotely operated vehicles, which covered parameters such as oxygen concentration, salinity, turbidity, and temperature. Photographic information was also analysed. The review found a very large and statistically significant month to month variation in the ...
more infohttps://www.bp.com/en_za/southern-africa/sustainability/Environment/delos.html

Investment policy in Southern Africa - OECDInvestment policy in Southern Africa - OECD

Investment policy in Southern Africa. The NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative supports members of the Southern African ... OECD Home Industry and entrepreneurshipInternational investmentInvestment for developmentInvestment policy in Southern Africa ... Unlocking investment potential in Southern Africa. Using NEPAD and OECD peer learning methods and instruments, this project ... This project is conducted within the institutional framework of the NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative, under the ...
more infohttp://www.oecd.org/industry/inv/investmentfordevelopment/investment-policy-in-southern-africa.htm

Calendar of MA Events in Southern AfricaCalendar of MA Events in Southern Africa

... On this page you will find a calendar of events likely to be of interest to martial ... 10 September 1999: WTF Taekwondo: 7th All Africa Games (Johannesburg) 16-30 September 1999: Judo African Games (Johannesburg) ... 27-28 April 2001: South African Chinese Kuoshu Tournament (Modderfontein Sports Club, Modderfontein) The South African Chinese ... Martial Arts For Africa (MAA) the only association in South Africa that can offer you International recognition & instruction ...
more infohttp://www.angelfire.com/ma/eMSSA/calendar.html

Southern African Plant | IUCNSouthern African Plant | IUCN

Lize von Staden2016-2017 Southern African Plant SG Report ... Southern African Plant. Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ ... Southern African Plant Specialist Group Chair: Hermenegildo MatimeleRed List Authority Coordinator: ... Southern African Plant Specialist Group Chair: Hermenegildo Matimele. Red List Authority Coordinator: Lize von Staden. 2016- ...
more infohttps://www.iucn.org/ja/node/31112

Southern Africa - WikipediaSouthern Africa - Wikipedia

Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used ... "Southern African Development Community :: Home".. *^ Cowling, R. M. (editor); (et al.) (2004) Vegetation of Southern Africa. ... The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South ... Portuguese Africans, etc.) and Asian descent (Cape Malays, Indian South Africans, etc.) in many southern African countries. ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Africa

Evolutionary Babel was in southern Africa | New ScientistEvolutionary Babel was in southern Africa | New Scientist

A new linguistic analysis finds that modern language originated in sub-Saharan Africa and spread across the world with ... Africa turned out to have the greatest phonemic diversity - it is the only place in the world where languages incorporate ... "Language is such an adaptive thing that it makes sense to have a single origin before the diaspora out of Africa. Its also a ... "This suggests there was one major origin in Africa.". "Its a compelling idea," says Sohini Ramachandran of Brown University in ...
more infohttps://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20384-evolutionary-babel-was-in-southern-africa/

Southern Africa Explorer: Botswana & ZambiaSouthern Africa Explorer: Botswana & Zambia

Africa calls you. Come to the land of big game, velvet night skies, the call of exotic birds, and the welcoming smiles of ... Here, at the southern region of this vast continent, youll find unexcelled beauty, unparalleled adventure, and an unequaled ... At night, stay in luxurious tented camps and fall asleep to the sounds of the African night. Explore the Chobe River from a ... There is something about Africa that stirs the soul. In this land where the dignity of humanity and the grandeur of nature live ...
more infohttps://www.iexplore.com/articles/southern-africa-explorer-botswana-zambia

UN Says Famine in Southern Africa AvertedUN Says Famine in Southern Africa Averted

Officials say the food situation in southern Africa is always precarious, but a total of 370,000 metric tons of food has been ... Hess says USAID and WFP were able to get food aid to six southern African nations in a timely manner. With the United States ... As you all know this chronic situation in southern Africa, lots of complications that have to do with chronic poverty and AIDS ... Hess acknowledges that while famine was averted this year, the food situation in the southern African region is always ...
more infohttps://www.voanews.com/a/a-13-2005-12-20-voa2/309155.html

Sharing Southern Africas Water | Inter Press ServiceSharing Southern Africa's Water | Inter Press Service

The Southern Africa Water Wire, Water & Sanitation Water & Sanitation. Sharing Southern Africas Water. By Thabani Okwenjani ... Water officials from across Southern Africa are meeting in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Jun 5-6 to develop a mechanism to monitor the ... HARARE, Jun 5 2012 (IPS) - The Southern African Development Communitys protocol on shared watercourses is recognised as one of ... The water sector is critical in helping build regional integration in Southern Africa. Credit: Zukiswa Zimela/IPS ...
more infohttp://www.ipsnews.net/2012/06/sharing-southern-africas-water/

Floods Destroy Homes, Livelihoods in Southern AfricaFloods Destroy Homes, Livelihoods in Southern Africa

VOAs Scott Bobb reports from our Southern African Bureau in Johannesburg.. Relief officials in southern Africa say heavy rains ... Floods and heavy rains have destroyed the homes and crops of nearly 100,000 people in several countries in southern Africa. ...
more infohttps://www.voanews.com/a/a-13-2008-01-11-voa26-66728797/561070.html

Diocese -  Southern Africa -  Angola (missionary Diocese)Diocese - Southern Africa - Angola (missionary Diocese)

Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2017 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
more infohttp://www.anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches/member-church/diocese.aspx?church=southern-africa&dio=angola-

BBC News | AFRICA | United States of Southern Africa?BBC News | AFRICA | United States of Southern Africa?

The Southern African free trade zone has been hailed as one of the most significant steps taken by the Southern African ... The Southern African free trade zone has been hailed as one of the most significant steps taken by the Southern African ... The Southern African union will build on the exisiting South African Customs Union, which links South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho ... In addition to the Southern and East African initiatives, a number of English-speaking countries in West Africa recently ...
more infohttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/871612.stm
  • A number of other countries are sometimes considered part of Southern Africa due to their accessibility from the countries listed above, such as Mozambique , Angola , Zambia and some Islands of the Indian Ocean such as the Seychelles and Mauritius . (wikitravel.org)
  • Sipho Nkambule, the chief executive officer of the Komati Basin Authority, which coordinates management of a river system that extends across South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique, said he would use the Harare meeting as a chance to compare notes on how other river basin authorities were monitoring implementation. (ipsnews.net)
  • Many of southern Africa's coastal drainages have sites which contain species that only occur in that area, including the Kunene and Kwanza rivers on the west coast of Angola, and the Rovuma and Pungwe and Buzi systems on the east coast of Mozambique. (iucn.org)
  • Three hotspots of species diversity have been highlighted in the report, including the area where the upper Zambezi meets the Kwando and Chobe rivers above Victoria Falls, the Komati and Crocodile river tributaries of the Incomati system in Mpumalanga, South Africa, and the Mbuluzi river basin, also in Mpumalanga, South Africa, and in Swaziland. (iucn.org)
  • In particular, it focuses on Zambia (Northern Rhodesia at time of British domination), a landlocked country located in the centre of Southern Africa, whose historical evolution, since it was conquered at the beginning of the twentieth century, is deeply intertwined with the discovery, extraction and export of copper and with the import of fossil fuel. (seenthis.net)
  • The analysis of infrastructure development in postcolonial Zambia illustrates the competing strategies through which imperialist powers attempted to secure a new form of control on Africa and elucidates the role of logistics as a decisive tool to shape the African territory. (seenthis.net)
  • Many freshwater fish, crabs, dragonflies, molluscs and aquatic plants are at risk of extinction in southern Africa if its rivers and lakes are not protected from developers, according to IUCN. (iucn.org)
  • These range from politically powerful American corporations, which have a $1.8 billion investment in South Africa, to black Americans -- who constitute an important voting bloc and have become increasingly vocal in their condemnation of apartheid. (csmonitor.com)
  • The study by the IUCN Species Programme, in collaboration with the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity and the South African National Biodiversity Institute, shows that seven percent of species are known to be regionally threatened or extinct. (iucn.org)
  • The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including platinum, diamonds, gold, and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, at the southern region of this vast continent, you'll find unexcelled beauty, unparalleled adventure, and an unequaled experience throughout the journey. (iexplore.com)
  • With much-esteemed international brands such as CNBC Africa and Forbes Africa providing a broadcast and print platform respectively, the ABN 360 conglomerate also offers resources to organize world-class events across the African continent, through ABN Productions. (bizcommunity.com)
  • Recent plans to revive the East African Community - involving Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda - were watered down at the request of Tanzania and Uganda. (bbc.co.uk)
  • One of the most popular holiday activities in Southern Africa is wildlife safaris in search of spotting the Big Five (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, rhino). (wikitravel.org)
  • The Southern African hedgehog is an omnivore and its diet typically consists of invertebrates, including beetles , grasshoppers , and slugs . (wikipedia.org)
  • It has complex Plateaus that create massive mountain structures along the South African border. (wikipedia.org)
  • it's thought that humans first lived in a large and genetically diverse population in Africa, from which smaller groups broke off and migrated to what is now Europe. (newscientist.com)
  • South Africa has beautiful beaches stretching all the way from Cape Town around the coast up to Durban, which is a surfing mecca. (wikitravel.org)
  • Four main types of vegetation are found: savanna woodlands (known as miombo forest) in the north, a series of dry woodlands to the south of these, arid and semiarid grassland , scrubland, and bushland in the Namib and Kalahari deserts and their environs, and Mediterranean vegetation along the southern coast. (britannica.com)
  • Regional integration schemes have been welcomed as a more practical alternative to the pan-African unity scheme put forward by Libya's Muammar Gaddafi at the recent OAU summit in Lome. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The water sector is critical in helping build regional integration in Southern Africa. (ipsnews.net)
  • Case studies will be used to develop a series of Good Practice Guidelines to help developers and governments take freshwater species into consideration when planning water projects in Africa. (iucn.org)
  • Southern Africa has a wide diversity of ecoregions including grassland, bushveld, karoo, savannah and riparian zones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa turned out to have the greatest phonemic diversity - it is the only place in the world where languages incorporate clicks of the tongue into their vocabularies, for instance - while South America and Oceania have the smallest. (newscientist.com)
  • For there is no doubt that the South African government has contingency plans to halt its mineral exports in retaliation against sanctions. (csmonitor.com)
  • This article addresses the logistical aspects of colonial and postcolonial governmental practices and the way in which such practices structured the African territory. (seenthis.net)
  • These preliminary results suggest that more than 40,000 years ago, two of the groups - the San and the Baka Pygmy - were roughly twice the size of other ethnic groups present at the time, and that the San and Baka overlapped in central-eastern or southern Africa. (seenthis.net)
  • The Southern African hedgehog hibernates during the winter and studies show that heterothermy helps keep the energy balance for this species during winter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results from the assessment of 1,279 freshwater species in southern Africa show that the more developed a country is, the more species are threatened with extinction. (iucn.org)
  • The entertainment line-up also saw the up and coming South African Band Bad Peter doing a private show, hip hop dance act by Timeless Attractions and a visual poi act to open the dance floor for DJ Lindilush - one of SA's top DJ's to get the guests on their feet. (engelvoelkers.com)
  • While light skin is often associated with European ancestry, even in South Africa, the present-day Khoekhoe and San did not experience enough recent migration to account for the frequency of the gene. (phys.org)
  • The 1956 formed Swiss-South African Association (SSAA) was merged into the Swiss-South African Chamber of Commerce (founded in 1996 and based in Zug). (wikipedia.org)
  • In some instances all of the countries south of the equator are viewed as Southern Africa. (wikitravel.org)
  • You may also want to have a look at Discount airlines in Africa and Air travel in South Africa . (wikitravel.org)
  • However, the South African hedgehog has evolved to become mostly omnivorous due to habitat loss and trash from human civilization being readily available. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not to be confused with South Africa . (wikipedia.org)
  • South African Foreign Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said monetary union would "depend on the level of integration. (bbc.co.uk)
  • South African president Thabo Mbeki's doctrine of delivering good governance in Africa in exchange for better trading opportunities in the developed world will be the prime victim. (iwpr.net)
  • By contrast, Zwelinzima Vavi, the leader of the Congress of South African Trade Unions, Cosatu - the key partner of Mbeki's ruling African National Congress - has said it is already too late to save Zimbabwe's electoral process, and that the political dice are so irretrievably stacked against the opposition that, with only three weeks to go, the election cannot possibly be free and fair. (iwpr.net)
  • And George Bizos, the renowned South African human rights lawyer who defended Nelson Mandela in the Rivonia trial 40 years ago, said in a recent interview in London, "Mr Mugabe would like this election to be certified as free and fair in the hope of getting some relief from the terrible situation which he has led his country to. (iwpr.net)
  • The Afrikaners of South Africa say it when they have reached a time for decisionmaking. (csmonitor.com)
  • That unadorned phrase pithily sums up the current state of United States-South African relations. (csmonitor.com)
  • The impending change in the White House comes at a time when the South African government clearly has delineated the path it intends to follow -- toward political partition between black and white. (csmonitor.com)
  • South African Prime Minister Pieter W. Botha has recently coined a new set of political catch phrases, such as "political independence, economic interdependence. (csmonitor.com)
  • Moreover, South African officialdom makes it clear that unless Western governments wish to aid in execution of this strategy, they had best remain neutral. (csmonitor.com)
  • Some Western allies would be much harder hit by the loss of South African minerals than others, and Western unity could hardly be fostered by such a move. (csmonitor.com)
  • From this welter of competing and sometimes contradictory viewpoints a Reagan administration must fashion a policy toward South Africa. (csmonitor.com)
  • These considerations undoubtedly impose constraints on US policy toward South Africa. (csmonitor.com)
  • We do have general contingency plans," acknowledges F. W. de Klerk, South African minister of mineral and energy affairs, "I think we would be very unwise if we didn't. (csmonitor.com)
  • With South African supplies off the world market, that situation presumably would change. (csmonitor.com)
  • Caxton Magazines Caxton and CTP Publishers and Printers Limited is recognised as one of the largest publishers and printers of books, magazines, newspapers and commercial print in South Africa. (bizcommunity.com)
  • Ipsos South Africa Ipsos was founded in 1975 and is the 3rd largest market research company in the world. (bizcommunity.com)
  • An elephant-back safari along the banks of the Zambezi completes this African adventure journey. (iexplore.com)
  • As you all know this chronic situation in southern Africa, lot's of complications that have to do with chronic poverty and AIDS that's endemic in this part of the world that leads to serious problems almost every year,' he said. (voanews.com)