A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Progress toward measles elimination--Southern Africa, 1996-1998. (1/197)

Despite routine measles vaccination coverage of >70% in southern Africa during the early 1990s, low-level endemic transmission and periodic epidemics of measles continued. Since 1995, six southern African nations (Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe) have launched measles-elimination initiatives in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Regional Office (AFR). Strategies include programs to 1) achieve routine vaccination coverage of > or =95% with one dose of measles vaccine administered at age 9 months; 2) implement a one-time national catch-up measles vaccination campaign to interrupt indigenous transmission of measles; 3) implement periodic national follow-up measles campaigns to maintain interruption of measles transmission; and 4) establish case-based measles surveillance with laboratory confirmation. This report presents preliminary data about the progress toward measles elimination in the six southern Africa countries.  (+info)

Genetic differentiation of some Glossina morsitans morsitans populations. (2/197)

To study the population structure of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and singlestrand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) methods were used to estimate mitochondrial DNA diversity at four loci in six natural populations from Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and in two laboratory cultures. The Zambian and Zimbabwean samples were from a single fly belt. Four alleles were recorded at 12S and 16S1, and five alleles at 16S2 and COI. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed their singularities. Chi-square contingency tests showed that allele frequencies differed significantly among populations. Mean allele diversities in populations averaged over loci varied from 0.14 to 0.61. Little loss in haplotype diversity was detected in the laboratory cultures thereby indicating little inbreeding. Wright's fixation index F(ST) in the natural populations was 0.088+/-0.016, the correlation of haplotypes within populations relative to correlations in the total. A function of its inverse allows an estimate of the mean equivalent number of females exchanged per population per generation, 5.2. No correlation was detected between pairwise genetic distance measures and geographical distances. Drift explains the high degree of differentiation.  (+info)

Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa". (3/197)

The Lemba are a traditionally endogamous group speaking a variety of Bantu languages who live in a number of locations in southern Africa. They claim descent from Jews who came to Africa from "Sena." "Sena" is variously identified by them as Sanaa in Yemen, Judea, Egypt, or Ethiopia. A previous study using Y-chromosome markers suggested both a Bantu and a Semitic contribution to the Lemba gene pool, a suggestion that is not inconsistent with Lemba oral tradition. To provide a more detailed picture of the Lemba paternal genetic heritage, we analyzed 399 Y chromosomes for six microsatellites and six biallelic markers in six populations (Lemba, Bantu, Yemeni-Hadramaut, Yemeni-Sena, Sephardic Jews, and Ashkenazic Jews). The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades. Interestingly, one of the Lemba clans carries, at a very high frequency, a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is known to be characteristic of the paternally inherited Jewish priesthood and is thought, more generally, to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin. The Bantu Y-chromosome samples are predominantly (>80%) YAP+ and include a modal haplotype at high frequency. Assuming a rapid expansion of the eastern Bantu, we used variation in microsatellite alleles in YAP+ sY81-G Bantu Y chromosomes to calculate a rough date, 3,000-5,000 years before the present, for the start of their expansion.  (+info)

The ecology of Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis in southern Africa. (4/197)

The only non-human host of Lassa virus so far identified is the multimammate mouse, Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis, but its precise role in the natural Lassa fever cycle remains to be determined. This species is also an important link in the plague cycle in southern Africa and is one of the commonest rodents of Africa. It is a prolific breeder and can be kept and bred easily in captivity. It is thus an excellent laboratory animal, although it needs to be handled with care because it is aggressive towards man and bites readily. The current status of knowledge of its taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and role as a disease vector is reviewed, but attention is drawn to the possibly disastrous consequences of attempting to eradicate a vector species before the natural cycle of the disease and the ecology of the vector are fully understood.  (+info)

The biology, behaviour, and ecology of Mastomys natalensis in southern Africa. (5/197)

The multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, is the most widespread and common rodent in Africa south of the Sahara. It is an ideal carrier of normally non-human diseases to the domestic environment, not only because of its semi-commensal habit but also because of a combination of other behavioural and ecological factors. Of these, the most important is an exceptionally high propagation rate.  (+info)

Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. (6/197)

Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus. The research, conducted from 1992 through 1999, focused specifically on heterosexual transmission in 5 sites that were selected to reflect urban and rural experiences, various populations, and economic and political opportunities for women at different historical moments over the course of the HIV epidemic. The authors found that the female condom and other woman-controlled methods are regarded as culturally appropriate among many men and women in southern Africa and are crucial to the future of HIV/AIDS prevention. The data reported in this article demonstrate that cultural acceptability for such methods among women varies along different axes, both over time and among different populations. For this reason, local circumstances need to be taken into account. Given that women have been clearly asking for protective methods they can use, however, political and economic concerns, combined with historically powerful patterns of gender discrimination and neglect of women's sexuality, must be viewed as the main obstacles to the development and distribution of methods women can control.  (+info)

Cooperation, control, and concession in meerkat groups. (7/197)

"Limited control" models of reproductive skew in cooperative societies suggest that the frequency of breeding by subordinates is determined by the outcome of power struggles with dominants. In contrast, "optimal skew" models suggest that dominants have full control of subordinate reproduction and allow subordinates to breed only when this serves to retain subordinates' assistance with rearing dominants' own litters. The results of our 7-year field study of cooperative meerkats, Suricata suricatta, support the predictions of limited control models and provide no indication that dominant females grant reproductive concessions to subordinates to retain their assistance with future breeding attempts.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (8/197)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

The workshop will explore how the APRM process has unfolded in Southern Africa. It will also assess the current status of regional economic community (REC) engagement with the APRM, in particular the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The organising partners also hope to initiate dialogue with SADC and other African RECs to establish a deeper and more structured relationship between them and the APRM continental institutions. Workshop participants will make recommendations for ways in which the APRM and RECs can and should work more closely to enhance good governance practices.
The Regional Water Policy for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is aimed at providing a framework for sustainable, integrated and coordinated development, utilisation, protection and control of national and transboundary water resources in the SADC region. This policy is intended to support the SADC Common Agenda of socio-economic development and regional integration and improvement of the quality of life of all people in the region.. The policy was formulated through a highly participatory and consultative process, implemented over a period of 12 months, involving diverse stakeholders including senior government officials from ministries dealing with economics, law, water resources, agriculture, energy, and environment. Other stakeholders included academic and research institutions, private companies, consultants in various disciplines, as well as representatives of local and regional NGOs, and community leaders.. This policy includes nine (9) thematic areas, addressing key ...
The Secretariat of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in collaboration with the European Union (EU) on 20th August, 2020 hosted a regional validation meeting for the SADC Minimum Standards for Food Fortification which is in support to the operationalization of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy (RAP) funded under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF).
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This paper used two panel data models estimated by the random effects and fixed effects approach to establish the impact of environmental quality on health status in 12 SADC countries between 2000 and 2008. Proxies of environmental quality used in the paper are carbon emissions, access of people to improved water sources and improved sanitary facilities. Health status was measured by infant mortality rate. Environmental factors are found to account for about 38 percent of mortality in the region. The paper concluded that carbon emissions do not have an impact on health status of SADC countries. Access to improved water sources and sanitary facilities are found to have a greater impact on infant mortality than socioeconomic variables. The study also reports that there is significant difference in infant mortality rates between countries with environmental laws and where there are none. We conclude that it is important for SADC countries to strengthen environmental regulations meant to improve ...
For purposes of facilitating the delivery of services, SADC countries are divided into regions / provinces and local areas. In this article, it is argued that population density, ethnic groups and the size of SADC countries are important factors to be considered in the demarcation of each country into manageable administrative regions. The establishment of administrative regions, in turn, necessitates the creation of intergovernmental structures that are responsible for the co-ordination of the activities of two or more spheres of government.
The SAHGP includes scientists, medical practitioners, biostatisticians, ethicists, government representatives, lawyers and industry representatives, and is managed and led by southern Africans (emphasising the critical importance of sovereignty); its outputs will benefit southern African populations. The SAHGP will therefore focus specifically on southern African genomes; one of its most important objectives is to build local capacity for genomerelated research to ensure that this programme remains true to its objectives of being Africo-centric and is sustainable. Evidence suggests that humans evolved in Africa; consequently, the African gene pool is likely to hold import information regarding the selection of genetic variants in response to changing environments. However, this information has not been fully examined in Africa so as to understand population-specific disease burdens and the efficacy of various treatments. The programme aims to make a significant contribution to understanding DNA ...
3 SADC social protection instruments: towards a minimum floor. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has as its mission the promotion of sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development through efficient production systems, deeper cooperation and integration, good governance, and durable peace and security, so that the region emerges as a competitive and effective player in international relations and the world economy.19. In order to achieve its mission, member states have concluded various instruments, such as Charters, Protocols, and Codes. Amongst these are instruments which are geared towards the promotion of adequate social protection in the region. SADC social protection-related instruments include the Declaration and Treaty of the SADC (the SADC Treaty), the Charter of Fundamental Social Rights in the SADC (the Social Charter), the Code on Social Security, the Protocol on Gender and Development, the Protocol on Health, the Protocol on Education and the ...
The continued prevalence of such laws is driving people in same-sex relations underground, and making authorities stubborn to the fact that even prisoners are having sex in prison, Kelly told a workshop on the role of the media and parliamentary involvement on HIV and AIDS, held in the Zambian capital of Lusaka on March 17.. The priest said that instead of criminalizing sexual orientation, southern African countries should follow the South African example and legalize gay partnerships, to ensure access to prevention and treatment, as well as the involvement of these people and prisoners in the battle against the epidemic.. Still, Kelly later told Ecumenical News International, I am not saying I support men-to-men sex.. The Lusaka workshop was organized by the parliamentary forum of the Southern African Development Community, and Panos, a media and communication network.. Originally from Tullamore in Ireland, Kelly has lived and worked in Zambia for more than 50 years. He has been ...
This discussion paper is a joint production of the FAO Subregional Office for Southern and East Africa and FAO Land and Water Development Division as a response to the regional drought of 2001 and 2002 in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The paper attempts to diagnose the root causes of the failure of food production systems that depend upon the control of water in the all-important root zone. The continuing vulnerability of staple food production systems to periodic drought and the volatility of incomes that are derived from agriculture continue to confound the subregion. Food import bills use up hard-won foreign exchange and distribution logistics to food short areas are stretched to the limit. Turning this chronic vulnerability around, it is argued, will require an advance on two fronts. First, by enhancing profitable farm operations through improved farm management and water control. Second, by expanding the economic opportunities for farmers through progressive regulation
In depositing its instrument of ratification at the United Nations today, South Africa took the formal step to become the twenty-third state to ratify the Rome Treaty. The ICC will prosecute future cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The court will come into being after sixty states have ratified the treaty. South Africas ratification is a major step forward on the path to establishing the court, said Brigitte Suhr, Counsel for the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch. South Africa has provided consistent leadership on behalf of an independent and effective ICC, and its ratification sends a strong message that this Court has strong support in every region. We believe its action today will help to spur additional ratifications in southern Africa and around the world. During the treaty negotiations for the ICC in Rome in 1998, South Africa, along with other states from the Southern African Development Community (SADC), played a key role in thwarting ...
To manage the disease outbreak and to prepare African countries reliant on banana for food security and income generation, a stakeholder workshop of the African Consortium for Foc TR4 (AC4TR4) was held in Stellenbosch, South Africa, 23-24 April 2014, on the theme: Development of a Strategy to address the threat of Foc TR4 in Africa. Representatives from the following organization took part: Southern African Development Community (SADC), The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPO), IITA, Bioversity International, Stellenbosch University, national research organizations, and commercial growers. ...
in the region has been uncoordinated and sporadic.. The drought of 2015/2016, which has been the most severe in 35 years, has forced policymakers to rethink this issue. As a result, the Southern African Development Community has recently drawn up a Regional Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan to co-ordinate adaptation and mitigation efforts in the region.. Many countries in Southern Africa have limited climate change frameworks for the agricultural sector, and still less for the livestock sector. The region is endowed with a rich diversity of livestock, contributing significantly to the agricultural gross domestic product.. Overall, the warmer temperatures and concurrent changes in heat exchanges are likely to cause heat stress in cattle raised on natural pastures and in feedlots.. Heat stress suffered by beef cattle will possibly reduce foraging time, feed intake, growth performance and carcass quality. Reproduction performance will also be compromised. For example, conception rates will ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parties saw Prime ...
The chairman of the military junta, Major General Justin Metsing Lekhanya, was ousted in 1991 and replaced by Major General Elias Phisoana Ramaema, who handed over power to a democratically elected government of the BCP in 1993. Moshoeshoe II returned from exile in 1992 as an ordinary citizen. After the return to democratic government, King Letsie III tried unsuccessfully to persuade the BCP government to reinstate his father (Moshoeshoe II) as head of state. In August 1994, Letsie III staged a military-backed coup that deposed the BCP government, after the BCP government refused to reinstate his father, Moshoeshoe II, according to Lesothos constitution. The new government did not receive full international recognition. Member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) engaged in negotiations to reinstate the BCP government. One of the conditions Letsie III put forward for this was that his father should be re-installed as head of state. After protracted negotiations, the BCP ...
Lusaka) - Government leaders gathered this week at a summit in Lusaka, Zambia should urgently press Zimbabwes government to end its broadscale attack on human rights, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today. Human Rights Watch called on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to deploy human rights monitors to Zimbabwe to assess the situation.. The summit, which takes place on August 16 and 17, 2007 is expected to address the ongoing political and economic crisis in Zimbabwe. At an extraordinary summit in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in March 2007, SADC asked South African president Thabo Mbeki to mediate talks between the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and the two factions of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Mbeki is expected to report back on the progress of the talks in Lusaka. SADC members must take strong and effective action to deal with one of the regions most grave crises - Zimbabwe, said Peter ...
The Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) commissioned the first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV/AIDS in 2002. That study had significant impact nationally, in the sub-region and internationally. The report received widespread attention, has been used to build the capacity of other Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries in implementing similar studies, and has impacted on policy, strategy and practice in the area of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Statistics South Africa currently uses the 2002 household survey to estimate the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS situation in the country. Since 2002, significant shifts have occurred and South Africa has made great strides: the roll out of a comprehensive programme for the care and treatment of HIV-infected individuals has begun and investment in mass media campaigns aimed at preventing new infections is at an all-time high. The NMF realised that it was important to assess the extent to which these policies and practices had changed ...
The DSI-NRF Centre in Indigenous Knowledge Systems (CIKS) hosted a two-day stakeholders meeting to promote the use of African multilingualism in teaching and learning, African indigenous languages and African home-grown philosophies. The Centre is a partnership among five Higher Education Institutions, namely, UKZN which serves as the hub; the University of South Africa; the Universities of Limpopo and Venda; and the North West University.. The initiative aims to promote the use of African indigenous languages and home-grown philosophies to domesticate and achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the Africa We Want (African Union Agenda 2063), in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The meeting which was attended by national and international delegates, was honoured by the presence of the former President of the United Republic of Tanzania, His Excellency Ali Hassan Mwinyi.. Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Teaching and Learning at UKZN, Professor Sandile Songca ...
Opponents of President Robert Mugabe accused his government Tuesday of unleashing thugs to attack opposition supporters and seizing white-owned farms in an attempt to retain power. Mugabe, who has led Zimbabwe for 28 years, has virtually conceded that he did not win March 29 elections and appeared to be campaigning for an expected runoff against Morgan Tsvangirai by intimidating foes and fanning racial tensions. Tendai Biti, secretary-general of Tsvangirais Movement for Democratic Change, said he feared more violence unless the African Union and the Southern African Development Community step in. Police said they arrested five electoral officials on charges of tampering with the results, giving Mugabe some 4,993 votes less than were cast for him, the state-controlled newspaper the Herald reported. Mugabes land reform was supposed to take large commercial farms - much of Zimbabwes most fertile land - owned by about 4,500 whites and redistribute it to poor blacks.
President of Botswana Ian Khama who is the current chairman of the Southern African Development Community, is expected to intervene following widespread protests in Zimbabwe.
Doing business 2014 : Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (English) This regional profile presents the Doing Business indicators for economies in Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). It also shows the regional average, the best performance globally for each indicator and data for the following comparator regions: East Asia and the Pacific, Economic Community of Central African States, Middle East and North Africa, Southern African Development Community, and European Union. ... See More + The data in this report are current as of June 1, 2013, except for the paying taxes indicators, which cover the period January to December 2012. Regional Doing Business reports capture differences in business regulations and their enforcement across countries in a single region. They provide data on the ease of doing business, rank each location, and recommend reforms to improve performance in each of the indicator areas. The report sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a ...
On Friday 20 June Amnesty Internationals Secretary-General Irene Khan wrote an open letter to the Chair of the SADC (the Southern African Development Community) urging him to convene an emergency summit to discuss the deteriorating human rights situation in Zimbabwe. The Secretary-General also called on the SADC to support the deployment of AU or UN human rights monitors to investigate alleged human rights violations and to urge the Government of Zimbabwe to respect human rights of its citizens. click to read the full version of the letter
At this point, water issues are being discussed by treaty negotiators as part of wider planning, prioritising and implementing of adaptation to a changing climate.. Dr. Ania Grobicki, GWP Executive Secretary, says that with growing numbers of countries expected to experience water scarcity, the current position of water in climate talks is inadequate.. The GDP of many countries in the least developed countries is dependent on water. More than 50 percent of food for the world will come from Africa in the future, and this is dependent on availability of water, she says. That is why this discussion should go beyond where its now.. More than 70 percent of the Southern African Development Communitys population depends directly on farming, overwhelmingly on rain-fed agriculture. The CSIRs projections are among many drawing attention to how predicted changes to rainfall, limited resources for adaptation and a lack of institutions and capacity to regulate river and stream flow will leave people ...
The virtual water trade is the idea that when goods and services are exchanged, so is virtual water. When a country imports one tonne of wheat instead of producing it domestically, it is saving about 1,300 cubic meters of real indigenous water. If this country is water-scarce, the water that is saved can be used towards other ends. If the exporting country is water-scarce, however, it has exported 1,300 cubic meters of virtual water since the real water used to grow the wheat will no longer be available for other purposes. This has obvious strategic implications for countries that are water-constrained such as those found in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) area.[2][3][4] Water-scarce countries like Israel discourage the export of oranges (relatively water intensive crops) precisely to prevent large quantities of water from being exported to different parts of the world. In recent years, the concept of virtual water trade has gained weight both in the scientific as well as in ...
Welcome to the archive of groundwater literature from the Southern African Development Community (SADC). See the about page for more information about this website. Click on a country below to browse country information or use the search form to find reports. Throughout the site references available to download in PDF format are indicated by ...
Copyright , Contact , Privacy policy , Terms & Conditions © SADC, BGS, GIZ and DFID 2017. This site is hosted by the British Geological Survey but responsibility for the content of the site lies with Southern African Development Community (SADC) not with the British Geological Survey. Questions, suggestions or comments regarding the contents of this site should be directed to [email protected] ...
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat will this week convene a two-day multi-sectoral stakeholder consultative meeting to develop a regional preparedness and response strategy to ...read more ...
Bush/ shrub encroachment is a great concern for rangeland managers in southern African savannas, especially because there is still no consensus about the main mechanisms behind the spread of woody species at the expense of grasses. Although much work has been done on the effects of fire, grazing, water and nutrient availability on rangeland productivity, the role of climate change, namely changes in CO2 concentrations and rainfall, and their potential interaction with manageable factors, such as grazing and fire, is not understood. This study focuses on investigating the combined role of elevated CO2, drought and land use on the balance between shrubs and grasses in southern African savannas. We used a climate gradient in Namibia, to set up experiments at a nested scale of realism and detail. I conducted semi-controlled to more controlled experiments in Germany, in the greenhouse and climate chambers, respectively. Here, the intention was to investigate how tree-grass interactions at a seedling ...
Governance of Mining, HIV and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa. David Stuckler, Sanjay Basu, and Martin McKee. Mining in southern Africa has amplified HIV and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics across the continent through social, political, and biological risks posed to miners and their communities. Aware of these risks for decades, policymakers have done little to regulate the mining sectors remarkable impact on Africas two largest epidemics. Here, we analyze the governance of mining in southern Africa to evaluate the sources of ineffective responses and identify mechanisms for ensuring effective cross-border care and global norms of responsible mining. We argue that action is needed by international agencies to spur the development of effective governance systems currently being constrained by domestic vested interests.. ...
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SOUTHERN AFRICA - To curb the spread of foot and mouth disease (FMD) from Zimbabwe, Botswana in 2003 started a massive project to erect a 2, 4-metre high electric fence to run 813 km along their common border, writes Ian Nkala.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) in Southern Africa. T2 - Research trends, challenges and insights on sustainable management options. AU - Machekano, Honest. AU - Mvumi, Brighton M.. AU - Nyamukondiwa, Casper. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - The diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, is a global economic pest of brassicas whose pest status has been exacerbated by climate change and variability. Southern African small-scale farmers are battling to cope with increasing pressure from the pest due to limited exposure to sustainable control options. The current paper critically analysed literature with a climate change and sustainability lens. The results show that research in Southern Africa (SA) remains largely constrained despite the regions long acquaintance with the insect pest. Dependency on broad-spectrum insecticides, the absence of insecticide resistance management strategies, climate change, little research attention, poor regional research collaboration ...
In an interview with The East Africa, Gabriel Negatu, The African Development Bank regional director-general provided details on how East Africa will benefit from the new Japan-Africa Energy Initiative supporting the New Deal for Africa.. Announced in early July this year, the $6 billion initiative of Japan in partnership with the African Development, is seeking to support the small and medium players who want to join the regional energy sector under Japans Light up and Power Africa initiative which aims to enable regional countries achieve universal access to energy by 2025, using available energy sources and the most advanced technologies.. These funds are a mix of concessional, non-concessional and grant. The AfDB will take the lead in project development in consultation with regional member countries but within the initiatives guidelines.. Japan will provide the funds and technical support for the implementation. The use of Japanese energy technologies into the regions energy projects ...
For the first time in the history of the African Development Bank, its Annual Meetings will be held virtually to comply with the COVID-19 pandemic-related social-distancing guidelines. The Governors Dialogue and the election of a president will be top of the agenda of the upcoming Meetings scheduled for 26-27 August 2020. This year, which marks the 55th meeting of the Banks Board of Governors and the 46th Annual Meeting of the African Development Fund, the Banks concessional arm, has the added significance of being an election year for the Banks president. The incumbent, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, is running as the sole candidate for a new five-year term.. Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the continents shores in early March, over 1,000,000 confirmed cases of the virus have been recorded in Africa. The pandemic has hit the regions economies hard in the wake of falling commodity prices and containment measures by governments that have led to country lockdowns.. For several months, the Bank has ...
Beegle, Kathleen, Deon Filmer, Andrew Stokes, Lucia Tiererova. Orphanhood and the Living Arrangements of Children in Sub-Saharan Africa. [New York] : The World Bank Development Research Group Poverty Team & Human Development and Public Services Team, March 2009. (Policy research working paper 4889). Save the Children (2010). Legal frameworks and policies for orphans and vulnerable children: SADC, 2010. G 494 E.UNIC.08.ALTE Alternative care for children in southern Africa : progress, challenges and future directions / Nairobi, Kenya : UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Social Policy and Social Protection Cluster, 2008.. G 494 E.UNIC.08.ASSE Assessing the orphan effect in determining development outcomes for children in 11 eastern and southern African countries / Nairobi, Kenya : UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Social Policy and Social Protection Cluster, 2008.. G 494 E.UNIC.08.REVI Campbell, Penelope. A review of monitoring and evaluation in support of ...
African Development Bank / Natural resources for development DOHA, Qatar, February 19, 2009/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- Remarks by Vice President El Bakri I welcome the opportunity to address the plenary session today on Natural Resources for Development. As you are well aware, the African Development Bank is striving to mainstream standards of good…
Download logoThe Board of Directors of the African Development Fund today approved a $31.6 million COVID-19 Crisis Response Support Program (CRSP) to Uganda to support the governments response to the COVID-19 pandemic.. The funds are designed as budget support within the framework of the Bank Groups COVID-19 Crisis Response Facility.. The objective of the operation is to support Ugandas efforts to contain the human cost of COVID-19, mitigate its social and economic impact,. The post Uganda: African Development Fund approves $31.6 million loan for COVID-19 response appeared first on CNBC Africa.. Source : African Media Agency (AMA). ...
The Collection comprises four reviews and five research articles, and highlights how scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in eastern and southern Africa can help prevent HIV, not only at the individual level but also at the community and population level, as well as leading to substantial cost savings for countries due to averted treatment and care costs. Two of the research articles are published in PLoS ONE; the remaining seven articles are published in PLoS Medicine on 29th November 2011. They can be accessed from the PLoS Medicine VMMC Collection page; the table of contents is also included below.. The first article by Catherine Hankins of UNAIDS, Steven Forsythe of The Futures Institute, and Emmanuel Njeuhmeli of PEPFAR/USAID, offers an introduction to the cost, impact and challenges of accelerated scaling up and lays out the rationale for the Collection. The remaining eight papers focus on the various factors that have important roles in effective ...
Introduction Definition of the Prevention Area Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is the complete removal of the foreskin of the penis by surgical means. Though VMMC may be conducted for a number of reasons, evidence from three clinical trials has shown that medical male circumcision can significantly reduce (but not eliminate) mens risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual vaginal sex. The U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports provision of VMMC by qualified, well-equipped professionals, and with the clients informed consent. To ensure that VMMC is provided as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that a minimum package of services should be available in all facilities providing male circumcision. This package includes HIV testing and counseling, screening and syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) where required; provision and promotion of male and female condoms; and counseling on
Press Release - President Jacob Zuma, in his capacity as Chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has arrived in Angola to attend the Summit of the SADC Organ Troika plus Chairperson of SADC which will take place in Luanda, Angola today, 21 November 2017.
By Kumbirai Nhongo. The civil aviation industry in southern Africa and the rest of the continent is projected to grow exponentially once the Single African Air Transport Market (SAATM) is fully implemented.. A joint meeting of Southern African Development Community (SADC) Ministers responsible for Information Communication Technology (ICT), Transport and Meteorology, held in Windhoek, Namibia on 24-27 September noted that it is possible to attain double-digit growth rates in the aviation sector if the SAATM is operational.. Developing a single air transport market is an African Union (AU) initiative, whose goal is to accelerate the implementation of the 1999 Yamoussoukro Decision, a treaty signed by 44 African countries to provide an open skies policy among Member States.. The full implementation of the Yamoussoukro Decision and the SAATM is expected to reduce aviation costs and make air transport services accessible to a wider population of business and leisure-related travellers.. The ...
BACKGROUND: follow-up visits are recommended to all voluntary medical male circumcision clients (VMMC), however, adherence is variable. High lost-to-follow-up cases limit knowledge about clinical status of clients and adverse events. This study sought to establish Motivators and Barriers to the Uptake of VMMC post-operative follow-up services in Siaya County, Kenya. METHODS: 277 clients from five VMMC sites in Yala were recruited immediately post-operation to participate in a telephone interview between the 21st and 31st day post-surgery during which a semi-structured questionnaire was administered. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyse quantitative information using SPSS while responses from open ended questions were grouped into themes, sieved out, coded and analyzed. RESULTS: 137(49.5%) of the 277 participants utilized the follow-up services. Health education (31.4%) and emergency reviews/adverse events (24.1%) were the main motivation for returning for follow-up while
Published in the journal PLoS One, this article reports on the frequency, type, and severity of adverse events after voluntary medical male circumcision in Botswana.. ...
WINDHOEK, Feb. 28 - The President of the Republic of South Africa, His Excellency, Cyril Ramaphosa is expected to pay a courtesy visit to His Excellency, Dr. Hage G. Geingob on Friday, 2 March 2018.. The courtesy visit on President Geingob, Deputy Chairperson of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and its incoming chair will focus on regional issues, including bilateral relations between the two countries ...
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli and colleagues estimate the impact and cost of scaling up adult medical male circumcision in 13 priority countries in eastern and southern Africa, finding that reaching 80% coverage and maintaining it until 2025 would avert 3.36 million new HIV infections.
The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) has extended its multimillion multi-phased Horn of Africa drought resilience programme with a US $16-million soft loan to Djibouti and a US $14-million grant to Sudan. The African Development Fund (ADF) loan and grant were approved by the AfDB Groups...
Receiving the vehicles, Minister of Health Elizabeth Achuei said: The vehicles will facilitate the multidisciplinary and national response in at-risk and affected populations, and thus help save more lives and tackle the negative impacts of Covid-19. I wish to thank the African Development Bank and WHO for the generous support, and we shall ensure good utilization of these vehicles.. African Development Bank Country Manager for South Sudan, Benedict Kanu, said the vehicles would go a long way in filling the gap. However, the need remains great. We must not forget the looming food crisis, which is affecting the health and wellbeing of millions of people in South Sudan, as a result of flooding, conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic. We also need to accelerate a vaccine program in South Sudan and elsewhere in Africa to save lives and livelihoods.. Dr Fabian Ndenzako, the WHO representative a.i. for South Sudan, said: The vehicles will support continuity of delivery of response mechanisms, as ...
African Development Bank Young Professionals Program: The African Development Bank (AfDB) Groups Young Professional Program (YPP) aims at attracting the best and brightest from its member countries - both regional and non-regional. The Bank seeks to hire approximately twenty (20) young professionals each year through the Young Professional Program. The program enables each professional to receive extensive exposure to and experience from various Bank departments and development programs through job rotation. Young professionals are expected to rotate through, at least, three (3) assignments over a 3-year period, which may include one assignment at an AfDB field office. ...
May 3, 2018 (Washington D.C.) - Hausfeld is proud to announce a groundbreaking settlement on behalf of Southern African gold miners suffering from occupational lung disease that was finalized today in Johannesburg, South Africa. This historic class action settlement, the first ever of its kind in South Africa, reflects more than a decade of preparation and litigation aimed at providing compensation to the gold miners who suffered from silicosis and tuberculosis over the last 50 years.
The gestation period is one month with a litter of between one and nine newborns. Mating season for the Southern African hedgehog is typically in the summer. With a gestation period of around 35 days, the babies are mainly born during the months of October through March. The size of the litters range from 1 to 11 babies with an average of four young. A newborn hedgehog typically weighs around 10g. The young are naked and blind when they are born and are born with infant spines, which are typically shed by the young when they are a month old.[2] The next set of spines that are grown are their adult spines. The amount of time it takes until a baby begins to forage with its mother is about 6 weeks and they will open their eyes about 2 weeks after birth. Hedgehogs can breed multiple times in one year and the baby hedgehogs reach sexual maturity 61-68 weeks of age. Males take no part in the raising of the young.[3] ...
A novel, hybrid segmentation technique reveals human heterogeneity in barriers towards a behavior, and is applied to characterize distinct segments in voluntary medical male circumcision.
Health, ...New York 13 December 2010A new report from the Womens HIV Prevention...Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women is the first report fr...The report highlights community-level support as well as concerns and ... Women are excited for medical male circumcision because theyre despe...,New,report,provides,womens,perspectives,on,medical,male,circumcision,for,HIV,prevention,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Application Deadline:31 march 2020 The King Baudouin African Development Prize rewards outstanding contributions to development in Africa, initiated and led by Africans. The Prize also seeks to draw public attention to the many inspirational stories, including challenges and successes, emerging from the African
The African Development Bank’s Youth Agripreneur AgriPitch Competition and DealRoom connects expansion-ready, youth-led African businesses with global investors (debt, equity and/or grant). The DealRoom focuses on youth-led agribusinesses under the themes of nutrition and gender inclusivity. The goal of the AgriPitch Competition and DealRoom is to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture among youth in Africa and to generate jobs, create wealth and improve livelihoods through inclusive growth across the continent.. African companies that meet the criteria below are encouraged to submit their deal information for review by the Bank’s and Asoko Insight’s data teams. Qualified businesses will be promoted through the Asoko portal to global investors for matching. Interested investors can match with any deal by registering their profile and selecting target deals.. ...
On June 29, 2016 the UN Resident Coordinator and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Representative in Mozambique, Marcia de Castro, paid a courtesy visit to the African Development Banks Resident Representative, Joseph Ribeiro in Maputo.
Arrears on loans owed by Somalia to the African Development Bank Group have been cleared following the payment in full of $122.55 million by the governments of the United Kingdom and the European Union.
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Plans to lay an undersea fiber-optic cable off eastern Africa could be the beginning of the end of crackling long-distance calls, slow dial-up Internet connections and universities without e-mail. Four projects are in the works to link 22 eastern, central and southern African countries to the worlds network of submarine cables…
Supreme court upholds judgment from 2012 that health workers coerced three HIV positive mothers to consent to prodedure.. Namibias Supreme Court has upheld a ruling that health workers sterilised HIV-positive women without their consent.. The original 2012 judgment had found that health workers had coerced three HIV-positive mothers to sign sterilisation consent forms they did not fully understand, while in labour.. The Southern Africa Litigation Centre said the ruling sends a message to the government to stop the practice in the southwestern African nation, and elsewhere on the continent.. Priti Patel, deputy director and HIV programme manager for the centre, told Al Jazeera the case was far from isolated.. What we think should happen now is that the government of Namibia needs to step up and start investigating the claims of these other women, she said.. The government needs to take active steps to make sure this stops happening.. This decision has far-reaching consequences not only for ...
Epizootic Ulceritic Syndrome Now in South Africa Olaf Weyl (South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity) The fish disease, Epizootic Ulceritic Syndrome or EUS for short, was recently diagnosed by researchers from the Aquaculture Research Division of the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, in barbel from a farm dam near Stellenbosch. The disease is caused by a fungus that is originally from Southeast Asia but has been spread to many other parts of the world by the movement of live fish and, possibly by the transport of contaminated water. While confirmed diagnosis requires histological examination of the tissue and genetic screening for the presence of the fungus, I have recently received an alarming number of reports of fish with ulcers from all over Southern Africa. Waters where suspect fish have been reported include Theewaterskloof Dam, Buffelsjagts and Arabie Dam in the Western Cape and more recently in Hartebeespoort and the Vaal Dam in Gauteng. I have also received ...
This original small group touring company has just released details of its outstanding 23-day relaxed and fully hosted 2015 tour featuring the highlights of Southern Africa. The fully escorted tour departs Australia flying with South African Airways on 23 October. Costs of $12638 pp twin share includes international and domestic economy airfares with first class hotels and lodges, all breakfasts, five lunches and 11 dinners, providing outstanding value for the seasoned traveller and first timers. ...
The long-term objective of the Malaria Training and Research Capacity Building in Southern Africa is to create a center of excellence for malaria research in So...
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research (TD) is a journal dedicated to promoting the concept of transdisciplinary research. It is aimed at creating knowledge with the collaboration of the formal sectors of the natural and human sciences as base. Over and above this, the intention is to focus on levels of knowledge that are to be found at grassroots level. It is important to explore this knowledge because it becomes the groundwork for further knowledge, which is often not confined to a fixed formal discipline or area of knowledge. The editorial team of the journal welcomes contributions of a theoretical nature, as well as material based on empirical research. Preference is given to southern Africa as a region of focus. However, should submitted articles show the potential for making a contribution towards our understanding of science beyond the confines of single disciplines, it would enjoy favourable consideration.
Buy Ancient Civilizations of Southern Africa [CD] online at Best Buy. Preview songs and read reviews. Free shipping on thousands of items.
Read Novel sugarcane streak and sugarcane streak Reunion mastreviruses from southern Africa and La Réunion, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Ocimum fimbriatum var. microphyllum - Species Dictionary - Southern Africa : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. iSpot is a website aimed at helping anyone identify anything in nature. Once youve registered, you can add an observation to the website and suggest an identification yourself or see if anyone else can identify it for you.
Observation - Dung beetles - Southern Africa. Description: Some dung beetles arrived shortly after this animal emptied its stomach on the gravel road. I suspect it to be elephant dung.
Actually, it is the evidence that circumcision has any effect on HIV - let alone that it reduces the risk… by more than 60% - that is underwhelming. It might reduce transmission from women to men (one of the rarer directions) by UP TO 60% (or down to zero) IF the three trials conducted by circumcision advocates on paid volunteers for circumcision were accurate. But reviews are coming in showing how they are not accurate. The latest is published in the Australian Journal of Law and Medicine this month.. The claim still rests on the very tiny and shaky basis of 73 circumcised men who did not get infected in less than two years, after a total of 5,400 men were circumcised in three non-double-blinded, non-placebo-controlled trials (where 64 of them did get it). 137 of the non-circumcised control group were infected, and that difference is the whole proof. The experimental group, but not the controls, signed a consent form in which they were told to abstain from sex for six weeks after the ...
In March this year Zimbabwe joined a growing list of countries in Africa and the world using the Chinese currency, yuan, also known as remnibi (RMB), as one of its official currencies after its central bank added the RMB, the Japanese yen, the Australia dollar and the Indian rupee to the existing basket of currencies. Zimbabwe abandoned its currency in 2009 when it was rendered worthless by excessive inflation. Since then, it has been using a basket of currencies dominated by the US dollar. In announcing the decision to adopt the yuan and other currencies, the then Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe acting governor, Charity Dhliwayo, said that the southern African countrys trade and investment with China, India, Japan and Australia had grown appreciably.. China is Zimbabwes third largest trading partner after South Africa and the European Union, and until recently was the biggest buyer of its tobacco. In 2013, trade between China and Zimbabwe amounted to $1.1 billion. Gift Mugano, a trade expert and ...
Bass, A.J., DAubery, J.D. and Kistnasamy, N. 1975. Sharks of the east coast of southern Africa. II. The families Scyliorhinidae and Pseudotriakidae. Investigational Report No. 37. South African Association for Marine Biological Research, Oceanographic Research Institute.. Bertolini, A. 1993. Aspects of the Biology of four Southern African Catsharks. Unsubmitted MSc thesis. Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town.. Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. Sharks of the World: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO, Rome.. Compagno, L.J.V., Ebert, D.A. and Smale, M.J. 1989. Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town.. Dainty, A.M. 2002. Biology and ecology of four catshark species in the Southwestern Cape, South Africa. M.Sc. thesis. Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town.. Dainty, A.M., Marks, M.A., Griffiths, C.L. and Compagno, L.J.V. 2001. Age, growth and consumption rate analyses of four catshark species ...
Data & statistics on Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries: Maternal mortality ratios for Western African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Eastern African countries (1993, 2002), Maternal mortality ratios for Northern, Central and Southern African countries (1993, 2002)...
Speaker: Douglas Keene, MSH. Country response: Representatives of each of the seven southern African countries participating in the meeting will share their thoughts on the most important points learned at the meeting and what would be needed to achieve the objectives of medicines benefits policies on the path to UHC in their countries.. Representatives from Swaziland noted that although the public sector is the predominant source of health services for the countrys population, public-private partnerships exist for specific conditions, including renal dialysis, ART, and TB. Private sector TB medicines are paid for by medicine schemes that get medicines from the public sector. Swaziland is involved in the SADC pooled procurement initiative to use economies of scale to lower medicines prices and other regulatory harmonization activities. The country needs to accelerate UHC implementation to expand access to medicines and prioritize governance stewardship, inclusiveness, financing policies, and ...
JOHANNESBURG - The International Monetary Fund says it is deploying staff to Zimbabwe to monitor recovery in the embattled economy after striking the first IMF pact with the southern African country in more than a decade.. IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the organizations staff-monitored program does not include financial assistance. It runs through December.. The monitoring program recognized Zimbabwes strong commitment to economic reform after years of meltdown. It was an important stepping stone toward the countrys re-engagement with the international financial community, Lagarde said in an announcement available Friday.. Zimbabwes failure to honor external debt estimated at $10.7 billion since 1999 led to a freeze on loans from the IMF and other institutions. The nation adopted the U.S. dollar in 2009 to end world-record inflation in its own currency.. ...
Umhlobo Wenene FM. . Brothers for Life promote positive male norms and encourage the uptake of Medical Male Circumcision, Men taking up HIV Testing, Consistent condom use by Men and reduction of sexual partners. The campaign mobilises men to actively engage in activities to address Gender-Based Violence in their communities.
The developing countries has problem of such sources since many of the vehicles are unlicensed and uninsured. The most important two sources of Motor vehicles tax and levy on insurance are lower than expected level. The levy on fuel is best alternate to collect tax on vehicle either registered or not. To reduce evasion, South Africa now collects its third party injury premiums through a fuel levy. Four other Southern African countries have adopted the same procedure and it is also being considered in Mauritius. Collecting the insurance levy through a fuel levy offers the added benefit of relating payments to exposure -- those vehicles which travel more pay more ...
Yellow fever is making an alarming comeback in Africa. While the virus is endemic in 31 countries across the continent-with an at-risk population of 508 million people-Angola is currently experiencing the worst outbreak in around 30 years. At least 225 people have died in the southern African country from yellow fever, which is transmitted by the…. .rhexcerpt{display:none;} ...
In Malawi our engagement is part of the regional project Strengthening of Cooperative Structures in Southern African Countries as a means to alleviate Poverty.. The project aims to strengthen the cooperative apex organization MAFECO to fulfill its coordinating and guiding role for the dynamic Malawian cooperative movement. The partnership assists in financing the staff, developing services for the member cooperative unions and establish a capacity building and an audit unit. At the same time, MAFECO is given support in logistics.. The project is focusing on improving the data- and financial management capacity of rural coopera-tives. With pilot-cooperatives tools in the area of financial management are developed with book-keepers in a very hands-on-way on the ground. Also, parallel workgroups in Malawi and in Mozambique cooperate for the same purpose: the promotion of Financial Management.. The project promotes good management practices, standardization, inclusive business planning to improve ...
DEASA-SADC CDE International Journal of Open and Distance Learning, Second Issue April 2009 - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. This is the second issue of the International Journal of Open and Distance Learning (JODL), an annual publication of Distance Education Association of Southern Africa (DEASA) and the Southern Africa Development Community Centre for Distance Education (SADC-CDE), which comes out every September.
This is the first analysis known to the authors that attempts to explore patterns and associations of bisexual partnerships and of bisexual concurrency among MSM in Malawi, Namibia and Botswana. The majority of MSM sampled were sexually active with both men and women, about a third of MSM were married to women, and about one in six was in a stable sexual relationship with a man and a woman. Encouragingly, bisexual men and men in concurrent bisexual partnerships reported significantly higher rates of condom usage with regular and casual sexual partners, and reported lower sexual risk practices than men who reported only having sex with men. Since not using condoms with men was one of only two independent risks for HIV infection identified in this study, the finding that married men and men in concurrent relationships were more likely to use condoms with both male and female is encouraging. Nevertheless, we found overall rates of HIV infection in all three samples to be roughly twice as high as ...
Male circumcision (MC) reduces, by more than half, the risk of HIV-1 acquisition. WHO and UNAIDS recommend that male circumcision should be recognized as an efficacious intervention for HIV prevention especially in countries and regions with heterosexual HIV epidemics and low male circumcision prevalence. As a result, programs have been introduced and scaled up for voluntary medical male circumcision. Kenya leads with the largest expansion of services.. Early resumption of sexual intercourse after MC may have deleterious effects, including higher rates of post-operative surgical complications, and higher HIV acquisition among females in couples that resume sexual activity before certified wound healing. In the context of rapid scale-up of MC, adherence to post-operative clinic appointments allows clinicians to assess wound healing and to deliver risk reduction counseling. Abstinence from sexual intercourse before complete wound healing would reduce the rate of post-operative adverse events and ...
Peter C. Sutherland, surveyor-general of Natal, was taken to Nova Scotia, Canada, by his parents in 1830. When they returned to Scotland in 1841 their ship was wrecked and only Peter and his younger brother William were saved. In 1842 he entered Kings College, Aberdeen, as a medical student and qualified in 1847 as Doctor of Medicine (MD) and as a licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeon (LRCS) of Edinburgh. He supported himself during his student years by coaching fellow students and by going to sea during vacations. Thus he travelled as a chemist to West Africa to examine guano deposits. He almost died of fever there, but wrote a report on his findings. Later he travelled twice as surgeon with a whaling fleet in the North Atlantic.. After qualifying he set up practice in Fraserburgh, a small coastal town north of Aberdeen, but could hardly make a living. Hence in 1850 his adventurous nature led him to join an expedition to the Canadian Arctic in search of the missing explorer Sir John ...
Previously we had a big case of polio type2 which happened in November 2017 in Somalia. We intensified surveillance to ensure where cases were coming from. We started having campaigns and divided the ten countries into three zones - Somalia, part of Ethiopia bordering Somalia, and another part in Kenya bordering the Somali area. This problem became a regional outbreak as people were shedding the virus with the constant population movement. As this problem continued in Nairobi, it was declared that the problem needs joint effort polio eradication by WHO. While we were dealing with type2 we also got type3 polio outbreak again in the same region. We needed to double our efforts to fight the challenge.. Previously we stopped using oral vaccine of type 2 in those regions, so we had to come up with only e monovalent vaccine so that we could stop the transmission. The challenge we are t facing now is the population movement in those areas. So far we havent had other cases from this area. It seems like ...
The download wild and disease of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their store in Decreasing the Threat of Infectious Disease OutbreaksAll authorsKatherine C. hung year January 2017 hour Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance). Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance). The download wild and age of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their influenza in reeling the Threat of Infectious Disease OutbreaksAll authorsKatherine C. human Disease January 2017 Table 1.
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
Objectives: To determine the susceptibility of southern African strains of Yersinia pestis to novel as well as conventional antimicrobial agents.. Materials and methods: The MICs of 28 strains of Yersinia pestis from a southern African plague focus were determined by agar dilution.. Results: The most active agents were cefditoren and the fluoroquinolones, both conventional and novel. The in vitro activity of macrolides was poor against this member of the Enterobacteriaceae.. Conclusion: Further investigation of the novel quinolones olamufloxacin (HSR 903) and ABT 492 in animal models of plague would seem to be justified.. ...
One specimen was still living after 6.9 years in captivity [0671]. Nonetheless, further studies are necessary to establish the maximum longevity of this species. ...
Africa portal Central Africa East Africa Kalahari Desert Maghreb North Africa Northeast Africa Southeast Africa Sub-Saharan ... Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used ... five states constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Eswatini (Swaziland) Lesotho Namibia South Africa The Southern African Customs ... According to a report by Southern Africa Power Pool, the three largest producers of electricity in Southern Africa as at 2017, ...
... , the journal of the Development Bank of Southern Africa, publishes articles that reflect innovative ... thinking on key development challenges and policy issues facing South Africa and other southern African countries. v t e v t e ... African studies journals, Taylor & Francis academic journals, Development studies journals, 5 times per year journals, All stub ... articles, Social science journal stubs, African studies journal stubs). ...
Ecoregions of South Africa, Flora of South Africa, Forests of South Africa, Afrotropical ecoregions, Temperate Southern Africa) ... The Southern Africa mangroves are mangrove ecoregion on the Mozambique's southernmost coast and the eastern coast of South ... 2] "Southern Africa mangroves". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. (All articles with bare URLs for citations, ... Many areas of mangrove in southern Africa have been cleared for timber, urban and industrial development, including tourist ...
... is a biogeographic region of the Earth's seas, comprising the temperate waters of southern Africa, ... Lucia, in South Africa near the border with Mozambique. The realm extends up the Atlantic coast of Africa to Tômbua in southern ... Temperate Southern Africa is a marine realm, one of the great biogeographic divisions of the world's ocean basins. The boundary ... The Temperate Southern Africa realm is further subdivided into three marine provinces. Benguela province includes the Atlantic ...
AVIS RENT A CAR SOUTHERN AFRICA ANNOUNCES NEW STRUCTURE". Retrieved 25 April 2013. Businessweek. "Avis Southern Africa". ... is a South African car rental company headquartered in Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. Avis Rent a Car South Africa is ... In April 1997, Servgro unbundled and Avis Southern Africa was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Namibia Stock Exchange ... In March 2005, Barloworld Limited acquired the full ownership of Avis Southern Africa, hence the delisting from the ...
... (or SA Direct as it is known) is a lifestyle and culture television channel, broadcast in the United ... Southern Africa Direct official site v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Articles with short description, Short description ... The channel markets itself as the first 'Destination TV' channel in the UK and is primarily focused on Southern Africa. The ... On 11 January 2010, Takbeer TV began testing after purchasing the Southern Africa Direct EPG slot and replaced it on 14 January ...
History of South Africa by period, History of Africa, All stub articles, African history stubs). ... 186,000 BC - Earliest footprints of humans found in South Africa 100,000 BC - Khoikhoi people with cattle and those without ... Date of man-made shelters discovered north of current day Johannesburg See Years in South Africa v t e ( ...
The Southern Africa Medal is a military campaign medal which was instituted by the Republic of South Africa in 1987. It was ... Succeeded by the General Service Medal of the Republic of South Africa. Obverse The Southern Africa Medal is an octagonal ... Reverse The reverse has the words "SUIDER-AFRIKA" and "SOUTHERN AFRICA" in two lines, underneath the pre-1994 South African ... circular reference] The Southern Africa Medal was instituted by the State President in 1987. The medal was awarded to serving ...
The countries are those described in the United Nations geoscheme for Africa,Southern Africa. The population of Southern Africa ... pandemic in Africa 2020 in East Africa 2020 in Middle Africa 2020 in North Africa 2020 in South Africa 2020 in West Africa 2020 ... The country is a member of the African Union (AU), the Commonwealth, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the ... 2020-21 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season African Union Commonwealth of Nations Southern African Development Community ...
The Southern African Social Forum(SASF) was a Social Forum conference held in a different Southern Africa county each year. It ... of Southern Africa]" and that the New Economic Plan for African Development (NEPAD) should be rejected "as an expression of ... ANOTHER SOUTHERN AFRICA IS POSSIBLE!, Globalise Resistance article on 2003 SASF Trumpet of liberation sounds out in Africa, ... The 2003 SASF was held on the 9-12 November 2003 in Lusaka Zambia under the banner "Another Southern Africa is Possible". ...
... (HiPSA) is a South African text publication society which publishes or republishes ... It was founded in 1918 as the Van Riebeeck Society for the Publication of Southern African Historical Documents, usually ... "All Publications". Historical Publications Southern Africa. Retrieved 25 September 2021. Official website (Articles with short ... Since its inception the society has had close links with the National Library of South Africa (South African Library) in Cape ...
The First Fruits festivals of the Nguni peoples in Southern Africa are a type of sacrificial ceremony of giving the first ... Snedegar, Keith, [First Fruit Celebrations among the Nguni Peoples of Southern Africa: An Ethnoastromical Interpretation], ...
Kingdom of Mapungubwe See Years in South Africa (History of South Africa by period, History of Africa, History of South Africa) ... 300 AD - Early Iron Age communities are established in the northern and eastern regions of Southern Africa 500 AD - A group of ... Arab traders trade along the east coast of the Southern African region 1050 - 1270 AD - ...
The Southern Africa Cat Council (SACC) is a cat registry and cat fancy organisation based in South Africa, affiliating 9 clubs ... In 1996, the members overhauled the organisation's structure and constitution, and adopted the name Southern African Cat ... SACC was founded in 1945 as the Associated Cat Clubs of South Africa, the first organisation serving the South African cat ... Use South African English from July 2015, All Wikipedia articles written in South African English, Cat registries, Clubs and ...
2021 in East Africa 2021 in Middle Africa 2021 in North Africa 2021 in South Africa 2021 in West Africa 2020 in Southern Africa ... "Southern Africa Liberation Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Angola". PublicHolidays.africa. Retrieved January 18, 2021. "Eswatini ... 2020s 2020s in political history Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Southern African Development Community CIA World ... April 27 - Freedom Day (South Africa), Public holidays in South Africa. May 4 - Cassinga Day, Namibia. May 25 - Africa Day. ...
Africa 2022 in West Africa 2020s 2020s in political history Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Southern African ... Ocean cyclone season Southern African Development Community 2022 in East Africa 2022 in Middle Africa 2022 in North Africa 2022 ... "Southern Africa Liberation Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Angola". PublicHolidays.africa. Archived from the original on October 31 ... April 27 - Freedom Day (South Africa), Public holidays in South Africa. May 4 - Cassinga Day, Namibia. May 25 - Africa Day. ...
McCarthy, T. S. (2013). "The Okavango delta and its place in the geomorphological evolution of Southern Africa". South African ... With the widening of the Atlantic, Indian, and Southern oceans, southern Africa became tectonically quiescent. Earthquakes ... slopes from the high central Southern African plateau downward in the direction of the oceans that surround southern Africa on ... the remnants of which are at present located far to the southwest of southern Africa close to southern tip of South America. ...
"Rhodesia attacks". South Africa History Archive. ZAPU. Retrieved 11 November 2014. "Lusaka: Southern Africa Freedom Trail". ... leader of the Zimbabwe African People's Union. The Southern Africa Freedom Trail was created by the Lusaka Global Shapers, an ... The Southern Africa Freedom Trail is a route running through Lusaka, Zambia that leads to a number of historic sites ... The Southern Africa Freedom Trail directs followers to these historic, yet often unmarked, locations. Some of the locations on ...
The Southern Africa Litigation Centre or SALC is a non-profit organization based in Johannesburg, South Africa which supports ... National Commissioner of The South African Police Service v Southern African Human Rights Litigation Centre and Another (2014) ... Important cases in which the Centre has acted include Southern Africa Litigation Centre v National Director of Public ... Official site v t e v t e v t e (Articles with GND identifiers, Law in Africa, Legal organisations based in South Africa, All ...
... is the illegal act of slaughtering rhinoceros in the southern African countries of ... 90% of the remaining black and white rhinos are in the southern African countries of Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. South ... The history of rhino poaching in southern Africa dates to the colonial era when the British went ashore at the current Cape ... This led to a gradual but constant decline in rhino populations across southern Africa during the colonial era. In the early ...
The 2010-2011 Southern Africa floods were a series of floods across three countries in Southern Africa. Linked to a La Niña ... 2010 in Africa, 2011 in Africa, Floods in Africa, 2010 disasters in Africa, 2011 disasters in Africa). ... In December 2010, a global weather pattern known as La Niña resulted in increased rainfall over Southern Africa. Similar events ... Donate A Goat (18 January 2011). "Floods in southern Africa claim over 50 lives". Sify. Archived from the original on 22 ...
South African heraldry Heraldry societies Heraldry Society (disambiguation) Southern African Vexillological Association South ... The Heraldry Society of Southern Africa (HSSA) was founded in Cape Town on 27 August 1953. It has not been active since 2007, ... African Heraldry Website Archived 2018-12-05 at the Wayback Machine ARMA: Journal of the Heraldry Society of Southern Africa in ... In its early years, the HSSA also took an active role in promoting good heraldic practice in South Africa, as there was no ...
... (MISA) is a non-governmental organisation with members in 11 of the Southern Africa ... International organizations based in Africa, Organizations established in 1992, African journalism, Companies based in Windhoek ... with all like-minded organisations and individuals to achieve a genuinely free and pluralistic media in southern Africa. A ... South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. MISA is a member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange ( ...
... are practitioners of traditional African medicine in Southern Africa. They fulfill ... Forms of the ngoma ritual are practiced throughout southern and south-eastern Africa in countries such as South Africa, ... "Self Presentation and Common Culture Structures in Ngoma Rituals of Southern Africa". Journal of Religion in Africa. Brill. 25 ... Sharing the Experience of White Izangoma in Contemporary South-Africa". Journal of Southern African Studies. 33 (4): 829-843. ...
The Southern Africa Mathematical Sciences Association (SAMSA) is a regional professional society for mathematicians working in ... This conference "introduced a new era in cooperation in Mathematics in southern Africa." Besides its annual meetings, SAMSA has ... "Growing a Generation of Mathematicians in Africa". Retrieved 7 August 2018. "First Year of Kovalevskaia Grants in Southern ... "Kovalevskaia Research Grants for Female Mathematicians in Southern Africa Region" (PDF). Retrieved 8 August 2018. "Winners of ...
... /Studi d'Italianistica nell'Africa Australe is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal ... Italian Studies in Southern Africa. Special Issue on Life Writing / Scrivere l'autobiografia. (Italian Bookshelf) (Book review ... It is listed as a journal qualifying authors for research support by the South African Department of Higher Education and ... The editor-in-chief is Anna Meda (University of South Africa). Lazzaro-Weis, Carol (2003). "John Gatt-Rutter, ed.: Studi ...
... is the name of an annual print publication distributed in Southern Africa, containing biographical ... This was the 'Who's Who'** of Southern Africa, which contains background sketches of prominent White South Africans, including ... According to the website, Southern Africa consists of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland and ... Who's Who of Southern Africa (Biographical dictionaries, African encyclopedias). ...
The British office of high commissioner for Southern Africa was responsible for governing British possessions in Southern ... British colonial governors and administrators in Africa, History of South Africa, South Africa diplomacy-related lists, Lesotho ... post held by two High Commissioners for Southern Africa See Whitakers Almanack, 1928 cahoon, ben. "Botswana". www. ... Lists of South African people, 1847 establishments in Africa, 1847 establishments in the British Empire). ...
The Free Church in Southern Africa grew out of the work of the missionaries of the Glasgow Missionary Society (c.1823), and ... partnership with the Free Church of Scotland and the Free Church in Southern Africa and the Reformed Churches in South Africa. ... The Free Church of Southern Africa is a member of the International Conference of Reformed Churches. The Dumisani Theological ... Presbyterian denominations in Africa, Christian organizations established in 1982, Protestantism in South Africa, 1982 ...
Southern Africa's land and soil will soon become arid. Geography of South Africa Water in Africa Wildlife smuggling in southern ... South Africa is situated at the very tip of Southern Africa. This location causes South Africa to become very vulnerable to oil ... Southern Africa does not have the rocks which contain these minerals. Southern Africa experiences poor ambient and indoor air ... Southern Africa has exhausted its many resources resulting in severe environmental damage. Southern Africa's log, and produce ...
"African Smartphone Film Festival 2019, 6 December 2019". africansmartphonefilmfest.com. Archived from the original on 12 ... WDEF News 12, 2 January 2013 Molly Muldoon (2 May 2013). "Southern cuisine - the National Cornbread Festival through Irish eyes ... African Smartphone International Film Festival, "BEST DOCUMENTARY INTERNATIONAL", The Mojo Revolution News, 2019, White Unicorn ...
"The South African Navy during the years of conflict in Southern Africa 1966-1989" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on ... SAS Makhanda is a Warrior-class strike craft of the South African Navy, currently configured as an Offshore Patrol Vessel. She ... Ship infoboxes without an image, Ships articles with undated status, 1986 ships, Missile boats of the South African Navy, ... was commissioned in 1986 and originally named SAS Magnus Malan for South African Party minister of defence Magnus Malan, she ...
In the Berlin Conference of 1884 to 1885, Ado Kingdom was a major issue during the scramble and partition of Africa between the ... Tamuno, Tekena N (1972). The evolution of the Nigerian state; the Southern phase, 1898-1914. New York, Humanities Press. pp. 45 ... Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, vol. 49, no. 1, 1979, pp. 15-28. JSTOR, https://www.jstor.org/stable/ ...
... thus the line connecting the Balkans with southern Greece, but did not disrupt any supply lines-as would have been the case had ... it happened, as the British intended, two months earlier-to Erwin Rommel's German forces in Northern Africa, as it took place ...
Two structures are known: what is currently called Wallstale Dun on the southern end of Touchadam Craig, and Gillies Hill fort ... These prams were exported to Canada, South America, India and South Africa. The Princes Street drill hall was completed in 1908 ... but the meaning seems to be that the Lowland Strathclyde Britons on the southern shore and the Highland Pictish Scots on the ... North Africa, Borneo and Singapore". www.theargylls.co.uk. Retrieved 24 July 2020. "PRINCESS ELIZABETH AT STIRLING - (Receives ...
2017 - Wilka, a 40-year-old Brazilian trans woman, was attacked and killed on 26 March in Pernambuco, in the southern state of ... 2003 - Nireah Johnson was a 17 year old African American trans girl who was murdered along with her friend Brandie Coleman in ...
African-American culture, African-American poetry, American Christian hymns, American patriotic songs, American poems, Gospel ... Joseph Lowery, a civil rights movement leader who co-founded and is a former president of the Southern Christian Leadership ... Some African American fans who were interviewed by NBC News felt that the NFL's decision was "pandering" that would not have a ... A History of African-American Artists (From 1792 to the Present), pp. 168-180, Pantheon Books (Random House), 1993, ISBN 0-394- ...
African-American drag queens, African-American women writers, Deaths from pneumonia in Georgia (U.S. state), LGBT African ... 1998 Miss Southern States USA, 1998 Lady Chablis (1996). Hiding My Candy: The Autobiography of the Grand Empress of Savannah. ... 20th-century African-American people, 21st-century African-American people, 20th-century African-American women, 21st-century ... Americans, LGBT people from Florida, LGBT people from Georgia (U.S. state), Transgender women, Transgender writers, African- ...
She was one of the first African American professionals to be hired by the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Here, she ... Because of World War II, Jackson had to leave her teaching position in the segregated southern schools. But even in Washington ... She was one of the first African American employees of the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C., ... "Prologue: Special Issue on Federal Records and African American History". www.archives.gov. Retrieved 2016-08-04. "News and ...
North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and Central Asia. Greater Syria Fertile Crescent Levantine Sea Near East Ancient Near East ... It includes the southern half of Turkey's main region Anatolia, its smaller Hatay Province, the island of Cyprus, the Greek ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Eastern Mediterranean, Regions of Africa, Regions of ... thus southern Albania in Southeast Europe reaching, west, to Italy's farthest south-eastern coasts. Jordan is climatically, and ...
African-American baseball players, African-American coaches of American football, African-American lawyers, 20th-century ... During his sophomore year the team cancelled a tour through the southern states entirely. The Harvard baseball team was one of ... political party put an African-American in charge of efforts to organize the African-American vote. Matthews criticized Lewis ... His joining the team caused some controversy, as one of a few African-American baseball players in American colleges at this ...
One of the Alids, Idris ibn Abdallah, flees to the Maghreb in western North Africa, where he later founds the Idrisid dynasty ... Empress Irene sends a Byzantine expeditionary army to invade southern Italy, but it is defeated and driven out (at Pope Adrian ... Byzantine troops led by Adalgis, son of former Lombard king Desiderius, invade southern Italy. His attempts are thwarted by the ... Bad weather hinders Charlemagne's winter campaign in southern Saxony. Winter - Charlemagne returns to Eresburg and builds a ...
In Eastern Africa and islands in the Indian Ocean, shark meat has been traded and has been a significant source of protein for ... In Yemen, shark meat known locally as Lakham (لخم), a dried salted shark meat is widely consumed in southern parts of Yemen ... Shark meat is consumed regularly in Iceland, Japan, Australia, parts of India, parts of Canada, Sri Lanka, areas of Africa, ... this demand is increasingly being filled by gummy sharks sourced from South Africa. Flake can be purchased as a ready-made meal ...
The original "remedy" for this problem was to help them go "back to Africa". The British had been doing this, in Sierra Leone, ... largely pro-Southern,: 4 had already experienced the anti-black Cincinnati riot of 1829; and the huge anti-abolition riots in ... The problem had been solved, and in an honorable way; the former slaves would fare better in Africa, it was argued, among other ... Smith was for temperance, and according to him, the fact that blacks in Africa were allowed to import liquor from the United ...
This one contained 61,700 words in 279 different languages (171 Asian, 55 European, 30 African and 22 American languages). ... of schools among the Serbs reflected the fact that the Serbian population tended to be concentrated in the southern and central ...
Its influence is apparent in southern Spain, the Canary Islands, North Africa and the former Spanish colonies of Peru and ... from the coastal areas of Africa to the discovery of Brazil and the ocean routes to the Far East. Although the period of this ... enclaves in North Africa, Brazil, Goa in Portuguese India and even Macau, China. ... construction of churches and monasteries in Manueline was largely financed by proceeds of the lucrative spice trade with Africa ...
Attorney for the Southern District of Texas (2011-2017) Carole Rendon, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio (2016- ... Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2013-2017), Director General of the Foreign Service (2012-2013), U.S. ...
Social democratic parties in Africa, Socialism in Lesotho, All stub articles, Southern African political party stubs, Lesotho ... "Lesotho: 2007 National Assembly election results", Electoral Institute for Sustainable democracy in Africa (African Democracy ... Pan-Africanist political parties in Africa, Political parties established in 1997, Political parties in Lesotho, ...
Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet. Prime Minister: Jan Christiaan Smuts. ... History of South Africa, 1945 by country, 1945 in Africa, 1940s in South Africa, Years of the 20th century in South Africa). ... 26 June - Prime Minister Jan Smuts represents South Africa in San Francisco at the drafting of the United Nations Charter. 3 ... 200954-13 (Use dmy dates from August 2020, Use South African English from December 2013, All Wikipedia articles written in ...
Eastern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere Africa Southern Africa Time zone: Central Africa Time (UTC+02) Extreme points of ... a landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa. Citizens of Botswana are Batswana (singular: Motswana), regardless ... It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and Zimbabwe to the ... The economy, closely tied to South Africa's, is dominated by mining (especially diamonds), tourism, and cattle. Pronunciation ...
The southern pathway contains a steel sculpture, Tomorrow's Wind, by sculptor Mel Edwards. The 13.5-foot-tall (4.1 m) sculpture ... According to Moses biographer Robert Caro, close associates of Moses had claimed they could keep African Americans from using ... There are also three baseball fields: two in the southern third of the park, and the third at the eastern boundary of the ... The southern playground opened that November, with shuffleboard, bocce, and horseshoe courts. Many of the original park ...
This lobbying was generally successful, as the tobacco industry was well-funded and southern states relied on tobacco revenues ... Civil Rights Tobacco companies have marketed menthol cigarettes specific to African Americans; groups have pursued civil rights ... African American Upward Mobility and the Semiotics of Smoking Menthols". Public Culture. 15 (2): 295-322. doi:10.1215/08992363- ...
In the 2nd century BC, Cilicia was notorious for the pirates based along the southern Tracheian coast. After the death of ... In the Second Punic War, Rome had suffered in Spain, Africa, and Italy because of the impressive strategies of Hannibal, the ... He had also sent troops into Lycaonia and the southern regions of Asia to create support amongst Pisidians and Isaurians, but ... Pompey annexed Syria in the east later that year to provide Roman rule over nearly all the southern coast. Once military ...
In preparation for King George VI's royal tour of Southern Africa in 1947, "Kum-A-Kye" was formally adopted as the regimental ... In 1955 during Southern Rhodesia's time as part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, the BSAP released an LP album of ... Gibbs, Peter (2000). The history of the British South Africa Police, 1889-1980 (2 ed.). Something of Value. p. 244. ISBN ... Band of the British South Africa Police (1955). Kum-A-Kye (LP) (LP). Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: Brigadiers ...
Overall damage in southern Texas was minor, and there were two indirect fatalities due to drowning incidents in Galveston. In ... A tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa on August 15 and rapidly moved westward at 17 mph (28 km/h) along the ... The storm also dropped heavy rain the southern portion of the state, as much as 11.93 in (302 mm) in Port Isabel. In ... However, there was heavy rainfall in southern Texas and Mexico, including almost 12 in (300 mm) at Port Isabel. ...
Janiewski, Dolores (1987). "Seeking 'a New Day and a New Way': Black Workers and Unions in the Southern Tobacco Industry". In ... "African American National Biography". Harvard University. Retrieved 14 February 2020. Eaton, Alice Knox (2013). "Harris, Louise ... Trotter, Joe William (2001). The African American Experience. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. pp. 469. ISBN 0-395-75654-5. ...
It is suited to southern parts of England where the climate is too warm and dry for the successful cultivation of turnip. In ... and north Africa with more than 200 authentic recipes for the home cook Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Common Press, page 52, ...
... science and cognitive and neurosciences in studies of the emergence of modern behaviour in Homo sapiens in Southern Africa ... Most of his studies are from the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, but his work also encompasses oceans in the Southern Hemisphere ...
... fighting resumed in southern Tripoli, causing power outages in the southern and western Libya. The main clashes took place in ... August 2018 events in Africa, September 2018 events in Africa, 21st century in Tripoli). ... agreement also mandated the formation of a mixed regular force composed of Tripoli and Tarhuna police to secure the southern ...
Buffalo Thorn (Southern Africa) Ziziphus napeca Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight & Arn. (Thar Desert of South Asia) Ziziphus ... Dry zones of tropical Africa) Ziziphus angolito Standl. Ziziphus apetala Hook.f. ex M.A.Lawson Ziziphus attopensis Pierre ... which is found from western Africa to India. Ziziphus joazeiro grows in the Caatinga of Brazil. Ziziphus celata is listed as an ... in southern Spain of Ziziphus jujuba Azufaifas from Almería Ziziphus mauritiana Ziziphus oenoplia in Shamirpet, Rangareddy ...
... Participants at a local stakeholders meeting held at Mapungubwe National Park. Photo: David Myers. ...
Explore Southern Tunisia holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. ... Southern Tunisia. Southern Tunisia is a place of stark, almost alien landscapes. This is a place of isolated Berber villages on ... Finding the Force: exploring Star Wars film sets in southern Tunisia. Sep 20, 2018 • 6 min read. Luke Skywalker was not a fan ...
Southern African art in the Musée du quai Branly‎ (2 C, 18 F) ... Category:Art of Southern Africa. From Wikimedia Commons, the ... Media in category "Art of Southern Africa". This category contains only the following file. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Art_of_Southern_Africa&oldid=689492367" ...
AFCC2/RI-Southern Africa Tuberculosis and Health Systems Support Project *Press Release: World Bank Boosts Southern Africa ...
Deloitte Africa Centre for Corporate Governance The Deloitte Africa Center for Corporate Governance offers a number of ... Deloitte Africa Insights Access the latest thought leadership on industry insights, country reports and economic developments ...
The paper provides an economic analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector i Southern Africa. It provides ... The paper provides an economic analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector i Southern Africa. It provides ...
Southern Africa - Informal Cross Border Trade, 2019 Analyses assessments and case studies Food security analysis (VAM) Market ... analysis Democratic Republic of the Congo Lesotho Eswatini Angola Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Namibia South Africa Zambia ...
Pages that link to "Southern African NGO Network". ← Southern African NGO Network ... The following pages link to Southern African NGO Network: View (previous 50 , next 50) (20 , 50 , 100 , 250 , 500)*SANGONeT ( ... Retrieved from "https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Special:WhatLinksHere/Southern_African_NGO_Network" ...
... and among its holdings owns ESET Southern Africa, the official brand operator and distributor for ESET in South Africa and ... for the Southern African region. In the emerging native cloud environment, coupled with edge computing, data is becoming more ... has represented and operated the globally recognised brand in the region for 15 years as ESET Southern Africa. We are ... 4Di Group announced a recently concluded acquisition of a significant minority stake in ESET Southern Africa by Convergence ...
Cyclone Idai hits Southern Africa. 18.03.2019 Climate changeDisasterCyclone IdaiEnvironment ... Kudzai Marovanidze, Southern Africa director of Practical Action said: "Practical Action has been working in Zimbabwe since ... A cyclone has hit Southern Africa over the weekend, affecting some of Zimbabwes poorest people. ...
With a passion for Africa and Middle East, she established the Africa Prospects Indicator which determines overall country ... LoeriesCannes LionsAfrica MonthBiz Trends 2022Meta Marketing MastermindsBiz TakeoutsWomens MonthPulp Non FictionOrchids and ... As the new managing director of the insights division for Middle East and Africa at Kantar, Im big on investing in the future ... John Watling leads seven of Accentures businesses in Africa. These businesses are retail, consumer goods, telco, media, ...
Southern Africa, 1996-1998. Despite routine measles vaccination coverage of greater than 70% in southern Africa during the ... Since 1995, six southern African nations (Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe) have launched ... To sustain the elimination initiative, the six southern African countries will need to continue to implement all WHO- ... Dept of Health, South Africa. Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe. WHO African Regional Office, Harare, Zimbabwe; ...
Definition: A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically ,35 grams dissolved salts per litre ...
Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is facing a different kind of refugee crisis - one caused by the hundreds of ... Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is facing a different kind of refugee crisis - one caused by the hundreds of ... A beautiful African Jacana walking (almost dancing) over the water lilies! Photo taken in the wild at Chobe, Botswana! Somehow ... For more information: www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-lion/. After The Kill: The Last Rays. Late one ...
Home » Blog » TEDGlobal 2010 » TEDGlobal: Addressing HIV in Southern Africa. TEDGlobal: Addressing HIV in Southern Africa. *. ... 2 thoughts on "TEDGlobal: Addressing HIV in Southern Africa" * Pingback: Global Voices in English » Africa: Addressing HIV in ... She shows us the photo of a smiling South African mother who is HIV positive - the woman is smiling because she knows shes ... 90% of the HIV positive pregnant women are in Sub-Saharan Africa. This means that, while 8,000 mothers with HIV give birth in a ...
The Southern Africa Country Specialists wish you a happy new year. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook to keep up with whats ... 10 thoughts on "Southern Africa Year in Review 2009" * Al Slider on December 22, 2009 at 4:10 PM. said: ... However, it is not appropriate to always beat that drum every single instance I post a blog about southern Africa. And I hope ... However, it is not appropriate to always beat that drum every single instance I post a blog about southern Africa. And I hope ...
Southern Africa / Event Calendar. This is a calendar of events and activities submitted by the sites readers which often ... South Africa] We are dying for food 22:31 Aug 06 1507 comments ...
This online quiz is called Southern Africa Quiz #2. It was created by member bigphil and has 10 questions. It is currently ... Southern Africa Quiz #2 - Quiz Information. This is an online quiz called Southern Africa Quiz #2 ...
Southern Right, named after the Southern Right whales which visit the nearby coast each September, is a project started by ... Which was why, when my friends Maureen and Cobus gave me this bottle, hand carried by them back from a trip to South Africa, I ... Southern Right is a second label started by winery owner Anthony Hamilton Russel in 1994. Russel, the longtime proprietor of ... At the time the Cinsaut grape was known by the name "Hermitage" in South Africa, hence the conjoined name. Widely planted at ...
U.S. Army Southern European Task Force, Africa (SETAF-AF) directs and supports all U.S. Army activities with partner land ... Todd R. Wasmund, U.S. Army Southern European Task Force, Africa (SETAF-AF), commanding general, ask to U. S. Army Soldiers to ... The Angolan Armed Forces, in partnership with U.S. Army Southern European Task Force, Africa (SETAF-AF) and the U.S. Army ... Todd R. Wasmund, U.S. Army Southern European Task Force, Africa (SETAF-AF), commanding general, observes the setup of the Tent ...
Election observers from the European Union, the Commonwealth, the African Union and the Southern African Development Community ... Thousands vote in southern Africas small kingdom Lesotho by: MOGOMOTSI MAGOME and HERBERT MOYO, Associated Press ... A man wearing a blanket cast his vote at a poling station in Maseru, South Africa, Friday, Oct. 7, 2022. Voters across Lesotho ... A man wearing a blanket cast his vote at a poling station in Maseru, South Africa, Friday, Oct. 7, 2022. Voters across Lesotho ...
... All from verified customers of Responsible Travel. No fake reviews ... Also by booking with us the entire tour fund is paid to Southern Africa, there is not an admin or profit portion held by a ... By all means go to southern Africa but do NOT book with this holiday provider. Before I booked I asked about what vehicle would ... Africa is wonderful so I still had a wonderful time but it would have been better in a safari truck instead of a cramped ...
I require a certified consultant to install and commission the following in a Southern African country: 1. Cisco Firepower 2110 ... CISCO Certified Firepower installtion & commissioning required (Southern Africa) I require a certified consultant to install ...
Southern Africa 3300 Meter Peaks. Ranked Peaks have 60 meters of Clean Prominence. Rank. Peak. Elev-M Prom-M Country. State. ... Lesotho/South Africa. Mokhotlong/KwaZulu-Natal. 1.8. 1. Champagne Castle Ridge Peak. 3318. 18. South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal. .7 ... Lesotho/South Africa. Thaba-Tseka/KwaZulu-Natal. .7. 1. 32.. Redi. 3309. 418. Lesotho/South Africa. Mokhotlong/KwaZulu-Natal. ... Lesotho/South Africa. Mokhotlong/KwaZulu-Natal. 6.7. 2. Yodlers South Peak. 3338. 18. Lesotho/South Africa. Mokhotlong/KwaZulu- ...
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... liberation struggle in Southern Africa: report by the Director-General  World Health Assembly, 32 (‎World Health Organization ... liberation struggle in Southern Africa (‎draft resolution proposed by the delegation of Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)‎  ... liberation struggle in Southern Africa (‎draft resolution proposed by the delegation of Benin)‎  ... liberation struggle in Southern Africa (‎draft resolution proposed by the delegation of Senegal)‎  ...
... the so-called southern route, leaving from the Horn of Africa, crossing the Red Sea and entering into southern Arabia. ... there has never been a land bridge connecting Africa and southern Arabia. But over the last 150,000 years, there were periods ... Cutting across the southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula might have been the speediest way for our ancestors to get to ... Modern humans evolved in Africa about 200,000 years ago and later left the continent to populate the rest of the world. If you ...
Southern South American Grassland Birds. Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory ... COP12 Regional Preparatory Workshop for Africa 09.08.2017 Ethiopia CMS COP12 Regional Preparatory Workshop for Asia 15.08.2017 ...
  • A man wearing a blanket cast his vote at a poling station in Maseru, South Africa, Friday, Oct. 7, 2022. (fox40.com)
  • Therefore International Trade Institute of Southern Africa invites prospective students to apply online via application form (Hard-Copy) early as possible for 2022 academic year. (applytosa.com)
  • In 2022 , Moroccan club RS Berkane won the cup for the second time, beating South African club Orlando Pirates in the final on penalties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1995, six southern African nations (Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe) have launched measles-elimination initiatives in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Regional Office (AFR) (1). (cdc.gov)
  • During 1980-1989, when routine measles vaccination was being introduced in Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe, the average annual number of reported measles deaths was 544 (range: 299-1089). (cdc.gov)
  • Kudzai Marovanidze, Southern Africa director of Practical Action said: "Practical Action has been working in Zimbabwe since 1989. (practicalaction.org)
  • Mapungubwe sits in the Limpopo Province of South Africa close to the Zimbabwe and Botswana borders. (sahistory.org.za)
  • This topic provides a brief introductory overview of the settlements in the Limpopo Valley before Mapungubwe, and a brief concluding overview of Great Zimbabwe, which succeeded Mapungubwe as the centre of southern African trade. (sahistory.org.za)
  • In the s, Zimbabwe had been a star performer in Africa in the provision of social services and in the reconstruction and development of its public infrastructure. (lausannecongress2018.com)
  • This report focuses on the experiences of Save the Children in monitoring, implementing and reviewing NPAs in Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe. (unesco.org)
  • Masvingo, the Matopos Hills, Hwange National Park and Victoria Falls are all easily accessible from Bulawayo and with an efficient airport, which is well connected with flights to/from South Africa, it is a useful port of entry for vacations in Zimbabwe. (audleytravel.com)
  • For the first 3 months, the 1407 HOPE participants - from Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe - came to the clinic monthly to exchange their rings for new ones. (medscape.com)
  • Fluency in spoken and written English (and working knowledge of French for West Africa). (cimmyt.org)
  • The dogs, which originated from Mozambique and South Africa, were eventually flown in a small aircraft from Mozambique to Malawi on July 27. (mongabay.com)
  • The 4Di Group, which among its interests distributes ESET's range of multi-award winning security software in South Africa and Namibia, has represented and operated the globally recognised brand in the region for 15 years as ESET Southern Africa. (eset.com)
  • The group was established by entrepreneurs Justin Stanford and Erik van Vlaanderen to manage their joint business partnerships and investments, and among its holdings owns ESET Southern Africa, the official brand operator and distributor for ESET in South Africa and Namibia. (eset.com)
  • In addition to South Africa, Eswatini and Namibia have also recorded an increase in cases, with both reporting 50% more new cases in the past two weeks compared with the previous two weeks. (who.int)
  • Volunteers from around the world have the opportunity to uplift and support volunteer projects in South Africa, Namibia, Malawi & Tanzania. (khayavolunteer.com)
  • Of the five African countries accounting for close to 76% of new infections, three of them are members of the SADC namely South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia (UN Economic Commission for Africa, 2020). (bvsalud.org)
  • We look forward to continue winning the trust of users with the best quality cyber-security protection and the help of both Convergence Partners and ESET Southern Africa to increase the market share of our products' said Miroslav Mikus, Sales and Marketing Director for Europe, Middle East and Africa at ESET. (eset.com)
  • As the new managing director of the insights division for Middle East and Africa at Kantar, I'm big on investing in the future and strongly believe in developing our people to fulfil their own potential in their work. (bizcommunity.com)
  • It was precisely these factors which had led UNODC to establish a group of regional platforms across the world over the past few years, including in Southern Africa in 2019. (unodc.org)
  • Substance use in Southern Africa : knowledge, attitudes, practices and opportunities for intervention : summary of baseline assessments in South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia / WHO/UNDCP Global Initiative on Primary Prevention of Substance Abuse. (who.int)
  • The Zambia National Public Health Institute (ZNPHI) is young but is already emerging as a leader for public health in Southern Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • Three countries had a southern hemisphere pattern: Central African Republic, South Africa, and Zambia. (cdc.gov)
  • Fourteen endangered African wild dogs were recently translocated to Malawi in an attempt to reestablish populations in Liwonde National Park and Majete Wildlife Reserve. (mongabay.com)
  • These animals are just a few of the 14 African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus ), also known as painted wolves, recently released in Liwonde National Park and Majete Wildlife Reserve in southern Malawi, where the endangered species hasn't been seen in about 20 years. (mongabay.com)
  • In Malawi, as in other parts of Africa, these wild canines have fallen victim to zoonotic diseases, bushmeat hunting, as well as deliberate shootings and poisoning by livestock farmers. (mongabay.com)
  • This was also the third attempt to get the dogs to Malawi, after earlier plans had to be postponed due to COVID-19 disruptions and even local road closures in South Africa following the arrest of former president Jacob Zuma. (mongabay.com)
  • The reintroduction of the 14 African wild dogs is part of a larger project to rewild Malawi. (mongabay.com)
  • The study has been conducted by the Network for Genomic Surveillance in South Africa (NGS-SA) in association with the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the African Society of Laboratory Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • ZAXX has also secured a highly coveted residency spot at Southern Africa's solely dedicated Trance and Progressive nightclub 'Truth' . (edmafrica.com)
  • January 27, 2023 EDM Africa Comments Off on FOVOS TAKE ON MASKED WOLF'S 'BANDAIDS & BUTTERFLIES' IN A DRUM 'N' BASS FUELLED REMIX! (edmafrica.com)
  • April 14, 2023 - ---A new CDC study published in the Lancet Global Health looked at 10 years of laboratory flu data from 25 African countries in order to provide new, policy-relevant information about when to expect annual flu epidemics. (cdc.gov)
  • Soon after its emergence at the end of 2020, the South African variant of SARS-CoV-2 (lineage B.1.351) has spread rapidly to over 50 countries globally and become the predominantly circulating strain in southern Africa. (news-medical.net)
  • South Africa concentrated the largest amount of private wealth in Africa as of 2020, some 604 billion U.S. dollars. (cats-africa.com)
  • Using secondary data on the daily confirmed COVID-19 cases per million for Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) member states from March 5, 2020, to July 15, 2021, we model and forecast the spread of coronavirus in the region. (bvsalud.org)
  • Occupational Health Southern Africa is published alternate monthly (six issues per annum) and offers good value for the subscription cost. (who.int)
  • The prevalence of male circumcision was particularly low in East and Southern Africa. (bvsalud.org)
  • Accordingly, VMMC has been a priority intervention in 15 countries in East and Southern Africa. (bvsalud.org)
  • In the decade following the 2007 recommendation, the feasibility of implementing VMMC services has been demonstrated, with more than 23 million males circumcised through VMMC programmes in East and Southern Africa (3). (bvsalud.org)
  • Now is the time for countries to step up preparedness and ensure that they can mount an effective response in the event of a fresh pandemic wave," said Dr Abdou Salam Gueye, Director of Emergency Preparedness and Response at World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa. (who.int)
  • So far, United Airlines is maintaining its schedule of five flights a week between Newark, New Jersey, and Johannesburg, South Africa, and planned to resume flights to Cape Town on Wednesday. (ktar.com)
  • Most of the cases in South Africa have been from its most populated province, Gauteng, of which Johannesburg is the capital city. (menafn.com)
  • It has been active in the Republic of South Africa since 1994, and from the early 2000s onwards also with its representative office in Johannesburg. (deginvest.de)
  • The city of Johannesburg is considered the financial centre and gateway to Southern Africa. (deginvest.de)
  • Implementing Rock Engineering Knowledge September 13-15, Johannesburg, S. Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • From the 16th to the 20th Centuries, the Portuguese colonised and raped the country, exporting millions of African slaves to South America and Cuba. (dowdenafrica.com)
  • Other arenaviruses from South America and Africa are classic causes of viral hemorrhagic fever syndrome, whereas others have been identified but not found to cause disease or even infection in humans. (medscape.com)
  • While a few SADC countries already have provisions in their legal frameworks to that effect, in a number of other Southern African countries, women's groups are being told, again and again, by policy makers and traditional leaders, that it would be difficult to convince the ordinary man on the street that having sex with his lawfully wedded wife can ever be rape, and a crime. (atlanticphilanthropies.org)
  • We welcome Convergence Partners aboard ESET's business in South Africa - a market which has long been our strongest presence on the African continent. (eset.com)
  • As impact investors, Convergence Partners brings its skills, experience and capital to accelerate ICT infrastructure development on the Continent, focusing on initiatives that increase availability of communications, broadband services and new technology offerings to the people of Africa. (eset.com)
  • Modern humans evolved in Africa about 200,000 years ago and later left the continent to populate the rest of the world. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • There are currently only about 6,600 African wild dogs, including 700 breeding pairs, left on the African continent. (mongabay.com)
  • The African Wild Dog is one of the most endangered mammals on the continent, facing significant threats almost across its remaining range," Angela Gaylard, head of science support for African Parks, a South Africa-based conservation NGO, told Mongabay in an email. (mongabay.com)
  • North Africa and South Africa are two very different regions located on the same continent , but they both have plenty of reasons as to why they're worth visiting. (cats-africa.com)
  • Though Africa is unequivocally regarded as the birth place of humans, South Africa is one country in the continent of Africa that is believed to be a cradle of human civilization with evidences of human existence as early as 170000 years ago. (cats-africa.com)
  • In addition, this fast flight fully reflects our entire impetuous travel across the African continent in attempts to embrace the immensity in a short time. (cats-africa.com)
  • Coronavirus pandemic , a serious global public health threat, affects the Southern African countries more than any other country on the continent. (bvsalud.org)
  • Study authors looked at data from 34 World Health Organization (WHO) member states on the African continent that report surveillance data to Global Influenza Surveillance and Response (GISRS) and used the 25 countries that had at least 3 years of consecutive surveillance data for their analysis. (cdc.gov)
  • Although cases have risen, hospitalization in South Africa remains low, with the number of patients currently admitted testing positive for COVID-19 at around 20% of the late December 2021 peak. (who.int)
  • Poorest Countries In Africa 2021. (cats-africa.com)
  • Cape Town, 8 November 2017 ‚Äì At the annual AfricaCom conference today, pan-African ICT investor, 4Di Group announced a recently concluded acquisition of a significant minority stake in ESET Southern Africa by Convergence Partners. (eset.com)
  • Two-way agricultural trade between the United States and Southern Africa has grown significantly in the past decade, reaching a record $1.5 billion in 2017. (usda.gov)
  • [13] TP Mazembe achieved the double in 2016 and 2017, beating Algerian club MO Béjaïa and South African SuperSport United respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, if you·re in southern Africa, let·s, such as in Kwazulu Natal in South Africa, the major issue you have in HIV is tuberculosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Cases have mainly been confirmed in South Africa, but have also been detected in Hong Kong, Israel, Botswana and Belgium. (menafn.com)
  • A team of international scientists has recently explored the transmission dynamics of currently circulating variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in a southern African country. (news-medical.net)
  • MENAFN - Bangladesh Monitor) Dhaka: The United States of America will restrict travel from South Africa and seven other southern African countries in an effort to prevent the spread of a new coronavirus variant. (menafn.com)
  • Oxfam warned today that millions of people in East and Central Africa, already suffering due to flooding and the impact of coronavirus, are at risk of increased hunger and poverty as the region braces for the latest generation of locusts which are due to hatch in June ―just when crops are to be harvested. (oxfam.org)
  • The region has become the epicenter of the coronavirus with South Africa accounting for the most cases. (bvsalud.org)
  • During 2010-2012, CDC (through the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) supported 1,020,424 VMMCs in nine countries in Southern and Eastern Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2013-2016, CDC-supported implementation partners performed 4,859,948 VMMCs in 12 countries in Southern and Eastern Africa, a substantial increase from 2010-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • Is South Africa different from North Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • North Africa is made up of several countries featuring different languages and cultures. (cats-africa.com)
  • Is North Africa better than South Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • What race is North Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • The largest ethnic groups in North Africa are Arabs , Berbers are considered the second largest ethnicity in north africa and West Africans are the largest ethnicity in the west and the Arabs are a majority also in the east approaching the Middle East. (cats-africa.com)
  • Why was North Africa important to conquering states? (cats-africa.com)
  • What importance did North Africa have to conquering states? (cats-africa.com)
  • What is the language of North Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • ‍While most speakers live in North Africa, estimates say that over 150 million people in Africa speak Arabic as a native language. (cats-africa.com)
  • Why is North Africa separated from the rest of Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone , a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. (cats-africa.com)
  • Election observers from the European Union, the Commonwealth, the African Union and the Southern African Development Community are in Lesotho to assess the electoral process. (fox40.com)
  • Convergence Partners will also be involved in developing the opportunity for growth for ESET in numerous East African countries, with its acquisition of a stake in ESRO Ltd, the ESET distributor for the East African region. (eset.com)
  • ESRO Ltd is the official brand operator and distributor for ESET in the Sub-Saharan region, covering 17 countries including Kenya and the broader East African region, with an operational office in Nairobi under the brand ESET Kenya. (eset.com)
  • This report presents preliminary data about the progress toward measles elimination in the six southern Africa countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Contributions discussing the legacy of Shakespeare elsewhere in Africa, with a specific focus on the Shakespearean experience in particular African countries, are especially welcome. (ajol.info)
  • Against this background, members and high-level officials of national anti-corruption commissions, treasuries, ministries of justice, public procurement authorities, and civil society organizations from the eight countries of the regional platform created by UNODC in Southern Africa to fast-track implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) gathered this week in South Africa as part of UNODC's ongoing assistance efforts in the region. (unodc.org)
  • The Omicron variant was first reported to the WHO from South Africa on November 24, and has since been identified in other countries. (menafn.com)
  • Over the past two years African countries have greatly improved COVID-19 response, with key aspects such as surveillance, testing and treatment bolstered. (who.int)
  • Western countries worried about the Cape trade route to the East becoming controlled by Russia and its East European satellites who supported Marxist Leninist parties in Africa such as Angola and Ethiopia. (dowdenafrica.com)
  • Whereas northern African countries scored highly on economic development and personal safety, they lost points for democratic participation and civil rights in autocratic regimes. (cats-africa.com)
  • Of the 27 countries worldwide currently ranked by World Bank as Low Income Economies, indicating they are the very poorest countries in the world, 23 are located in Africa. (cats-africa.com)
  • Substantial progress toward achieving VMMC targets has been made in the 10 years since the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended scale-up of VMMC for HIV prevention in 14 Southern and Eastern African countries with generalized HIV epidemics and low male circumcision prevalence ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Cross-sectional data were extracted from the results of 80 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 26 countries in southern Asia or sub-Saharan Africa . (bvsalud.org)
  • Compared with the 22 African study countries, the four study countries in southern Asia experienced a much greater rise in their caesarean delivery rates over time . (bvsalud.org)
  • The findings of this study lay the foundation for timely public health interventions with the potential to reduce flu illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths in these 25 African countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Those 25 African countries are home to 1.1 billion people or 89% of continent's total population. (cdc.gov)
  • Three countries had a primarily southern hemisphere pattern with some northern hemisphere epidemics: Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda. (cdc.gov)
  • Assessing the timing of flu activity in tropical countries has been challenging in the past because data were sparse in most WHO African countries, and annual epidemics may not have aligned with traditional northern (October-March) or southern (April-September) hemisphere epidemic patterns. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the extent and quality of flu surveillance data reported by African countries to the GISRS FluNet network has improved substantially in the past decades, making the current analysis possible. (cdc.gov)
  • In the current study, the scientists have conducted thorough genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 variants across Angola, a country located on the west coast of southern Africa. (news-medical.net)
  • In the DREAM trial, which is following 815 women from South Africa and Uganda who previously participated in The Ring Study ( N Engl J Med . (medscape.com)
  • The 4Di Group is a family office and diversified investment group headquartered in Cape Town, South Africa, with its principal interests in software, internet security and venture capital. (eset.com)
  • ESET South Africa is the local distributor and brand operator for leading global internet and endpoint security software vendor ESET, for the Southern African region. (eset.com)
  • As 2009 winds down, here's a wrap up of the year's highlights from the southern Africa region. (amnestyusa.org)
  • Through the various portfolios he has held, Kennedy has contributed to critical development in Southern Africa through innovation and program development relying on the inclusive participation of communities in the region. (hivos.org)
  • Particularly within the Southern African region, the pandemic has shown a surge in the trade of illicit medical products and other related items, including vaccines, face masks and fake COVID-19 certificates. (interpol.int)
  • Brazzaville - Southern Africa is facing an upsurge in COVID-19 cases for the third consecutive week as the winter season in the region approaches. (who.int)
  • Southern Africa is the continent's best performing region, with an average score of 58.1, ahead of northern Africa with an average 57.7. (cats-africa.com)
  • Economically speaking, South Africa dominates the region and has an advanced private sector. (deginvest.de)
  • This database showcases such innovations that have a difference towards malaria eradication globally for adaptation and scalling in the African region. (who.int)
  • The directive follows President Joe Biden's order that bars most foreign nationals from entering the U.S. if they have been in southern Africa, where the omicron variant of COVID-19 was first reported. (ktar.com)
  • Since the beginning of April, South Africa alone has recorded 1369 cases of the Omicron sub-variant BA.2, 703 cases of sub-variant BA.4, and 222 cases of sub-variant BA.5. (who.int)
  • In much of the rest of Africa ethnicity still trumps class when there is an election in the rest of Africa. (dowdenafrica.com)
  • As part of this, UNODC is committed to supporting Africa to realize the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the continent's own Agenda 2063: the Africa We Want. (unodc.org)
  • The reintroduction of these African wild dogs was a team effort between African Parks and another South African conservation group, Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT). (mongabay.com)
  • You can be the positive change required for conservation in Africa to succeed. (wildlifecollege.org.za)
  • The South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) is an independent public policy think tank advancing a well governed, peaceful, economically sustainable and globally engaged Africa. (saiia.org.za)
  • In South Africa Jacob Zuma failed to renew his presidency and has been booted out. (dowdenafrica.com)
  • Today, following the failure of Jacob Zuma to get his wife elected to succeed him and protect him from the courts, South Africa is also undergoing another profound change. (dowdenafrica.com)
  • With a passion for Africa and Middle East, she established the Africa Prospects Indicator which determines overall country prospects and the sources of potential, across economic, business, consumer and retail metrics. (bizcommunity.com)
  • The country is entirely surrounded by South Africa. (fox40.com)
  • South Africa is a unique country. (edmafrica.com)
  • What is the richest North African country why is it rich? (cats-africa.com)
  • Nigeria is the richest and most populous country in Africa. (cats-africa.com)
  • Is South Africa a poor country? (cats-africa.com)
  • Is Africa an underdeveloped country? (cats-africa.com)
  • Is South Africa the richest country in Africa? (cats-africa.com)
  • Trends in caesarean delivery by country and wealth quintile: cross-sectional surveys in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. (bvsalud.org)
  • To examine temporal trends in caesarean delivery rates in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa , by country and wealth quintile. (bvsalud.org)
  • It will promote African publishing by encouraging writers to publish in their country or regional journals. (who.int)
  • Despite routine measles vaccination coverage of greater than 70% in southern Africa during the early 1990s, low-level endemic transmission and periodic epidemics of measles continued. (cdc.gov)
  • African iron overload is associated with an increased risk of developing infections such as tuberculosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • And, if you look, particularly in regions of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa, a substantial proportion, 30 percent or more, of the individuals who die with HIV infection, die of tuberculosis. (cdc.gov)
  • A strong economic outlook, growing middle class and surging demand for consumer-oriented foods make Sub-Saharan Africa one of the fastest-growing regions for U.S. agricultural exports. (usda.gov)
  • The seven-year awards will establish the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research (ICEMRs) in regions where malaria is endemic, including parts of Africa, Asia, the Pacific Islands and Latin America. (nih.gov)
  • In 2004, CAF merged the African Cup Winners' Cup created in 1975 with the CAF Cup introduced in 1992 to form a new competition called the Confederation Cup, which has since been considered the second African club competition. (wikipedia.org)
  • From about 1220 to 1300 Mapungubwe was an advanced trading centre and its inhabitants traded with Arabia, China and India through the East African harbours. (sahistory.org.za)
  • Russel, the longtime proprietor of Hamilton Russel Vineyards and an n-th generation winemaker in South Africa, searched for 10 years to find the right place to found his winery, and settled on what is now the most southerly vineyard site in South Africa. (vinography.com)
  • In at least the last 400,000 years, Bailey and his co-workers recently reported in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews , there has never been a land bridge connecting Africa and southern Arabia. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • With a presence and a track record of more than 30 years in Southern Africa, Hivos has been seeking new and creative solutions to persistent global problems. (hivos.org)
  • by Nada Ali For years now, women's groups in Southern Africa have campaigned tirelessly to ensure that the Southern African Development Community adopt the Protocol on Gender and Development. (atlanticphilanthropies.org)
  • Over the past 18 years, African Parks has worked with the Malawian government to translocate thousands of animals representing a range of threatened species, including elephants, giraffes and black rhinos, into Majete, Liwonde, and Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve. (mongabay.com)
  • The harbor at the island of Kilwa was for hundreds of years one of the wealthiest areas of Africa. (cnn.com)
  • In the Alabama Black Belt, one-third of residents live below the federal poverty line, 1 in 3 African Americans older than 50 years have diabetes, and more than half are overweight or obese (13). (cdc.gov)
  • Faaß, Gertrud, Sonja Bosch, and Elsabé TaljardThe ontology of morphemic units in the Sotho and Nguni Languages of South Africa, presented at a pre-conference workshop to the B4ntu 2011 conference in Berlin, April 6, 2011. (uni-hildesheim.de)
  • Lion populations in southern Africa are weakening genetically, and less able to recover from current and future pressures, say researchers. (africageographic.com)
  • African iron overload was first noted in rural central and southern African populations among people who drink a traditional beer brewed in uncoated steel drums that allow iron (a component of steel) to leach into the beer. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This variation is found in 5 to 20 percent of people of African descent but is not generally found in other populations. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Southern Tunisia is a place of stark, almost alien landscapes. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • In South Africa the prize was the release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the African National Congress (ANC). (dowdenafrica.com)
  • South Africa recorded 376 deaths in the past three weeks, twice as many compared with the previous three weeks. (who.int)
  • Malaria remains one of the world's leading killer diseases with most of these deaths being in Africa. (who.int)
  • A cyclone has hit Southern Africa over the weekend, affecting some of Zimbabwe's poorest people. (practicalaction.org)
  • Besser observes that, of the 35 million people living with HIV, 2/3rds live in Africa. (ethanzuckerman.com)
  • The United Nations reports that some 14 million people in southern Africa are at risk of starvation, due mostly to drought and the effects of AIDS. (kmuw.org)
  • The residents of Mapungubwe were, like the people of Thulamela, the ancestors of the Shona people of southern Africa. (sahistory.org.za)
  • This regional event is being organized as we prepare to celebrate one year since the adoption of the UNODC Strategic Vision for Africa 2030 that set out safeguarding people and institutions from corruption and economic crime as one of the Vision's five goals," noted Brigitte Strobel-Shaw, Chief of UNODC's Corruption and Economic Crime Branch. (unodc.org)
  • Aid donors and southern African governments must take immediate and substantial action to help poor people cope with a rapidly-deteriorating regional food crisis, fuelled by El Nino-related drought and crop failures. (oxfam.org)
  • Some studies have indicated that a variation in the SLC40A1 gene increases the risk of developing increased iron stores in people of African descent. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The SLC40A1 gene variation that some studies have associated with increased iron stores in people of African descent may affect the way ferroportin helps to regulate iron absorption in the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In the U.S. most of these people are of African ancestry or self-identify as black. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There are also many people with this disease who come from Hispanic, southern European, Middle Eastern, or Asian Indian backgrounds. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The samples were screened at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) for evidence of infection with known agents of the viral hemorrhagic fevers of Africa by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) for presence of viral nucleic acid, including 2 procedures with primers designed to detect all known Old World arenaviruses. (medscape.com)
  • Southern African Americans with chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • There's also new research showing that African wild dogs are struggling to cope with the rising heat due to human-induced climate change. (mongabay.com)
  • Rapid climate change will lead to greater shortages of food, fuel, energy and animal feed in vast rural areas of eastern and southern Africa. (phys.org)
  • This lesson also focuses on Mapungubwe as the first state in Southern Africa in 1220- 1300, as well as the underlying symbolism of various artefacts found at the ancient ruins. (sahistory.org.za)
  • I feel that these architectural remains are from the greatest of the African civilizations," says Chami, standing near the ancient ruins of Kilwa. (cnn.com)
  • the so-called southern route , leaving from the Horn of Africa, crossing the Red Sea and entering into southern Arabia. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • Maybe all of the converging evidence will entice more archaeologists and paleoanthropologists to travel to southern Arabia-just as our ancestors might have done millennia ago. (smithsonianmag.com)