Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)EuropeAfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Trust: Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.Medication Systems, Hospital: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.CambodiaBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Guinea: A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.Pathology, Surgical: A field of anatomical pathology in which living tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Lassa virus: A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.EuropeExtinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.YemenEuropeLibya: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, having southern border with Chad, Niger, and Sudan. Its capital is Tripoli.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.PakistanDermatitis, Toxicodendron: An allergic contact dermatitis caused by exposure to plants of the genus Toxicodendron (formerly Rhus). These include poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac, all plants that contain the substance urushiol, a potent skin sensitizing agent. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Trust: Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.United StatesBody Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.Morocco: A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.AIDS Dementia Complex: A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)EuropeStevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.AfricaCooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)MiningInvestments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Coal MiningData Mining: Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)EuropeAfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Patient Navigation: The process of helping patients to effectively and efficiently use the health care system when faced with one or more of these challenges: (1) choosing, understanding, and using health coverage or applying for assistance when uninsured; (2) choosing, using, and understanding different types of health providers and services; (3) making treatment decisions; and (4) managing care received by multiple providers.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.

Genetic analysis of type O viruses responsible for epidemics of foot-and-mouth disease in North Africa. (1/263)

The nucleotide sequences of the 3' end of the capsid-coding region were determined for 30 serotype O foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) viruses isolated between 1987 and 1994 from outbreaks in North Africa and the Middle East. These sequences were compared with the previously published sequences of 9 field virus isolates from the Middle East and 5 vaccine virus strains, 3 of which originated from the Middle East (O1/Turkey/Manisa/69, O1/Sharquia/Egypt/72 and O1/Israel/2/85) and 2 from Europe (O1/Lausanne/Switzerland/65 and O2/Brescia/Italy/47). Cluster analysis of these sequences using the unweighted pair group mean average (UPGMA) method showed: (i) that the FMD viruses isolated from North Africa and the Middle East were very different from the classical European vaccine strains; (ii) that all the viruses isolated during the 1989-92 North African epidemic formed a cluster differing by no more than 6% from each other; (iii) a virus isolated in Libya in 1988 was unrelated to the aforementioned epidemic; and (iv) viruses from a second, less extensive epidemic, occurring in 1994, fell into yet another cluster.  (+info)

Estimating mortality, morbidity and disability due to malaria among Africa's non-pregnant population. (2/263)

The contribution of malaria to morbidity and mortality among people in Africa has been a subject of academic interest, political advocacy, and speculation. National statistics for much of sub-Saharan Africa have proved to be an unreliable source of disease-specific morbidity and mortality data. Credible estimates of disease-specific burdens are required for setting global and national priorities for health in order to rationalize the use of limited resources and lobby for financial support. We have taken an empirical approach to defining the limits of Plasmodium falciparum transmission across the continent and interpolated the distributions of projected populations in 1995. By combining a review of the literature on malaria in Africa and models of acquired functional immunity, we have estimated the age-structured rates of the fatal, morbid and disabling sequelae following exposure to malaria infection under different epidemiological conditions.  (+info)

Deaths within 90 days from starting renal replacement therapy in the ERA-EDTA Registry between 1990 and 1992. (3/263)

BACKGROUND: Patients who die within 90 days of commencing renal replacement therapy (RRT) may be recorded by some centres and not others, and hence data on mortality and survival may not be comparable. However, it is essential to compare like with like when analysing differences between modalities, centres and registries. It was decided, therefore, to look at the incidence of deaths within 90 days in the ERA-EDTA Registry, and to try to define the characteristics of this group of patients. METHODS: Between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1992, 78 534 new patients started RRT in 28 countries affiliated to the ERA-EDTA Registry. Their mean age was 54 years and 31% were over 65 years old. Eighty-two per cent of the patients received haemodialysis (HD), 16% peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 2% had preemptive transplantation as first mode of treatment. RESULTS: From January 1990 to March 1993 the overall incidence of deaths was 19% and 4% of all patients died within 90 days from the start of RRT. Among those dying within 90 days 59% were over 65 years compared to 53% over 65 years in those dying beyond this time (P<0.0001). The modality of RRT did not influence the distribution of deaths before and after 90 days. Vascular causes and malignancy were more common in those dying after 90 days, while there were more cardiac and social causes among the early deaths. Mortality from social causes was twice as common in the elderly, who had a significantly higher chance of dying from social causes within 90 days compared to those aged under 65 years. The overall incidence of deaths within 90 days was 3.9% but there was a wide variation between countries, from 1.8% to 11.4%. Finally, patient survival at 2 years was markedly influenced in different age groups when deaths within 90 days were taken into account. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of deaths within 90 days from the start of RRT was 3.9%, with a marked variation between countries ranging from 1.8% to 11.4%, which probably reflects mainly differences in reporting these deaths, although variable selection criteria for RRT may contribute. Deaths within 90 days were significantly more frequent in elderly patients with more early deaths resulting from cardiac and social causes, while vascular causes of death and malignancy were more common in those dying after 90 days. Patient survival analyses should take into account deaths within 90 days from the start of RRT, particularly when comparing results between modalities, countries and registries.  (+info)

Variation in short tandem repeats is deeply structured by genetic background on the human Y chromosome. (4/263)

Eleven biallelic polymorphisms and seven short-tandem-repeat (STR) loci mapping on the nonrecombining portion of the human Y chromosome have been typed in men from northwestern Africa. Analysis of the biallelic markers, which represent probable unique events in human evolution, allowed us to characterize the stable backgrounds or haplogroups of Y chromosomes that prevail in this geographic region. Variation in the more rapidly mutating genetic markers (STRs) has been used both to estimate the time to the most recent common ancestor for STR variability within these stable backgrounds and to explore whether STR differentiation among haplogroups still retains information about their phylogeny. When analysis of molecular variance was used to study the apportionment of STR variation among both genetic backgrounds (i.e., those defined by haplogroups) and population backgrounds, we found STR variability to be clearly structured by haplogroups. More than 80% of the genetic variance was found among haplogroups, whereas only 3.72% of the genetic variation could be attributed to differences among populations-that is, genetic variability appears to be much more structured by lineage than by population. This was confirmed when two population samples from the Iberian Peninsula were added to the analysis. The deep structure of the genetic variation in old genealogical units (haplogroups) challenges a population-based perspective in the comprehension of human genome diversity. A population may be better understood as an association of lineages from a deep and population-independent gene genealogy, rather than as a complete evolutionary unit.  (+info)

Mortality differentials among Israeli men. (5/263)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined differentials in mortality among adult Israeli men with respect to ethnic origin, marital status, and several measures of social status. METHODS: Data were based on a linkage of records from a 20% sample of the 1983 census to records of deaths occurring before the end of 1992. The study population included 72,527 men, and the number of deaths was 17,378. RESULTS: Differentials is mortality by origin show that mortality was higher among individuals of North African origin than among those of Asian and European origin. After allowance for several socioeconomic indicators, the excess mortality among North African Jews was eliminated. Substantial and consistent differences in mortality were found according to education, occupation, income, possession of a car, housing, and household amenities. Differentials among the elderly were markedly narrower than those among men younger than 70 years. CONCLUSIONS: Some sectors of Israeli society have higher risks of death than others, including, among the male population, these who are poor, less educated, unmarried, unskilled, out of the labor force, and of North African origin.  (+info)

Frequent association between alteration of the rdxA gene and metronidazole resistance in French and North African isolates of Helicobacter pylori. (6/263)

Mutations in the rdxA gene have been associated with the acquisition of resistance to metronidazole in Helicobacter pylori. This gene encodes an NADPH nitroreductase whose expression is necessary for intracellular activation of the drug. We wished to examine whether mutations in rdxA were present in resistant H. pylori isolates infecting either French or North African patients. We determined the complete nucleotide sequences of the rdxA genes from seven French and six North African patients infected with paired resistant and sensitive strains. Genotyping by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis confirmed the close genetic relatedness of the susceptible and resistant isolates from individual biopsies. Eight French and five North African individual resistant strains were also studied. For the French strains, an alteration in rdxA most probably implicated in resistance was found in 10 cases (seven frameshift mutations, two missense mutations, and one deletion of 211 bp). One to three putative missense mutations were identified in four cases, and a missense mutation possibly not implicated in resistance was discovered in the last case. For the North African strains, an alteration in rdxA was found in eight cases (three frameshift mutations, three missense mutations, one deletion of 6 bp, and one insertion of a variant of IS605). Two strains contained putative missense mutations, and no change was observed in rdxA of the last strain. Thus, inactivation of the rdxA gene is frequently, but not always, associated with resistance to metronidazole in French and North African clinical isolates of H. pylori. In addition, a variety of alterations of rdxA are associated with the resistant phenotype.  (+info)

The development of a continuous quality control programme for strict sperm morphology among sub-Saharan African laboratories. (7/263)

Inter-technician and between-laboratory differences, especially during the evaluation of sperm morphology, have been a major cause of concern. The study aimed to develop an intensive training programme with intervals of continuous quality control assessments for sperm morphology. Twenty andrology laboratories from sub-Saharan Africa were invited to participate in a World Health Organization Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction semenology workshop. Following intensive training in strict sperm morphololgy evaluation, a continuous quality control programme was introduced on a quarterly basis. At baseline, the mean (+/- SD) percentage difference reported between the participants and the reference laboratory reading was 33.50 +/- 11%. After training, the mean percentage difference had decreased to 14.32 +/- 5% at 3 months and to 5.00 +/- 5% at 6 months. Pairwise comparison of the differences at each evaluation time revealed the following: Baseline differences (pre-training) differed significantly from the differences at 3 months (P = 0.0002) as well as at 6 months after training (P = 0.007). The differences at 6 months did not differ significantly from those at 3 months (P = 0.27). Training of andrology technicians as well as continuous proficiency testing can be conducted on a national and international level with the support of a referring laboratory. Global quality control measurements in andrology laboratories should become mandatory, since these results indicate that continuous quality control for laboratory technicians can be highly successful.  (+info)

Genetic structure of north-west Africa revealed by STR analysis. (8/263)

We have analysed a large set of autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in several Arabic and Berber-speaking groups from north-west Africa (ie Moroccan Arabs, northern-central and southern Moroccan Berbers, Saharawis, and Mozabites). Two levels of analysis have been devised using two sets of 12STR loci, (D3S1358, vWA, FGA, THO1, TPOX, CSF1PO, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D5S818, D13S317 and D7S820) and 21 (the former set plus D9S926, D11S2010, D13S767, D14S306, D18S848, D2S1328, D4S243, F13A1, and FES/FPS). For each set, data for a number of external reference populations were gathered from the literature. Several methods of analysis based on genetic distances (neighbour-joining trees, principal coordinate analysis, boundary detection), as well as AMOVA, showed that genetic differentiation among NW African populations was very low and devoid of any spatial pattern. When the NW African populations were grouped according to cultural or linguistic differences, the partition was not associated with genetic differentiation. Thus, it is likely that Arabisation was mainly a cultural process. A clear genetic difference was found between NW African populations and Iberians, which underscores the Gilbraltar Straits as a strong barrier to genetic exchange; nonetheless, some degree of gene flow into Southern Iberia may have existed. NW Africans were genetically closer to Iberians and to other Europeans than to African Americans.  (+info)

*Khmer language

The Northern Khmer dialect is spoken by over a million Khmers in the southern regions of Northeast Thailand and is treated by ... London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. ISBN 0-7286-0218-0 Keesee, A. P. K. (1996). An English- ... Northern Khmer (called Khmer Surin in Khmer) refers to the dialects spoken by many in several border provinces of present-day ... Some linguists classify Northern Khmer as a separate but closely related language rather than a dialect. Western Khmer, also ...

*FTSE 100 Index

Northern Foods (market capitalisation fell too low, before being acquired by Ranjit Boparan) Northern Rock (market ... "NTT buys South Africa's Dimension Data". BBC News. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010. Guinness directors showed 'contempt ... 22 February 2000 Boparan wins Northern Foods with £341m bid FT.com "Northern Rock to be nationalised". BBC News. 17 February ... African Barrick Gold (market capitalisation fell too low) Aggreko (market capitalisation fell too low) Alliance & Leicester ( ...

*Visa policy of Brazil

in Portuguese) Agreement between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of South Africa for waiver of visa on ... the government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern ...

*List of political parties in Northern Africa by country

This is a List of political parties in Northern Africa by country, linking to the country list of parties and the political ...

*Northern Rhodesian African Mineworkers' Union

The Northern Rhodesian African Mineworkers' Union (A.M.U.) was a trade union in Northern Rhodesia which represented black ... In 1947 and 1948 unions were formed at all four major copper mines in Northern Rhodesia, and these merged to form the African ... The AMU was active at the same time as the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress was agitating politically for improved ... In 1945 the new British Labour government decided to encourage the establishment of African trade unions in the British African ...

*Northern front, East Africa, 1940

Operations on the Northern front, East Africa, 1940 in the Second World War, were conducted by the British in Sudan and the ... ISBN 978-0-19-280670-3. Del Boca, Angelo (1986). Italiani in Africa Orientale: La caduta dell'Impero [Italians in East Africa: ... On 9 May 1936, the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, proclaimed Africa Orientale Italiana (AOI Italian East Africa), formed ... part of Africa Settentrionale Italiana (ASI) and those in the AOI a menace to the British and French colonies in East Africa. ...

*Halima Hachlaf

She was first in the 400 metres at the African Northern Region Junior Championships in July 2006, but was beaten into second by ... Benchrif, Mohammed (2006-07-16). African Northern Region Junior Champs. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-06-11. Hachlaf Halima Biography ... She won two medals at the 2007 African Junior Championships in Athletics, taking the silver in the 800 m and a bronze in the ... 2008 African Championships - Women's 800 m final. Archive.org. Retrieved on 2010-06-11. Sampaolo, Diego (2009-07-02). A good ...

*Crudaria wykehami

It is found only in South Africa's Northern Cape. The wingspan is 20-32 mm for males and 25-34 mm for females. Adults fly year- ... Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. ...

*Religion in Algeria

ISBN 0-85398-404-2. "Most Baha'i Nations (2005)". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion Data ... During the 7th century, Muslims reached North Africa, and by the beginning of the 8th century the Berbers had been for the most ... "Africa: Algeria". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 7 ... One of the dominant characteristics of Islam in North Africa was the cult of holy men, or maraboutism. Marabouts were believed ...

*Bahá'í Faith in Algeria

ISBN 978-0-521-85649-2. "Most Baha'i Nations (2005)". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion ... At Ridván 1956 three new Regional Spiritual Assemblies were established including North-West Africa which included Algeria. ... Hassall, Graham (1999). "Baha'i country notes: Africa". Asian/Pacific Collection. Asia Pacific Bahá'í Studies. Retrieved 2013- ...

*Bahá'í Faith in Tunisia

"Most Bahá'í Countries". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved ... In 1969 the regional national assembly of North Africa was dissolved when Tunisia was placed under emergency rule. The National ... Anthony Asa Lee (2007). The Establishment of the Baha'i Faith in West Africa: The First Decade, 1952--1962. ProQuest. p. 116. ... The assembly was established covering about 600 Bahá'ís and 38 local assemblies across northwestern Africa. The seat of the ...

*Religion in Tunisia

"Most Bahá'í Countries". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved ...

*Bahá'í Faith in Morocco

"Morocco". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 2013-10-22. " ... Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (Second ed.). Oxford African American Studies Center ... The regional National Assembly of Northern Africa included Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Spanish Sahara. In July ... "Most Baha'i Nations (2010)". International > Regions > Northern Africa. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. ...

*Kibiro

Aspects of Development in Africa's Northern Great Lakes Region". The International Journal of African Historical Studies: 565. ... The British Institute in Eastern Africa. p. 16. Connah, Graham (1991). "The salt of Bunyoro: seeking the origins of an African ... The British Institute in Eastern Africa. p. 57. Connah, Graham (1991). "The salt of Bunyoro: seeking the origins of an African ... Kibiro is located at the bottom of the Western Rift Valley on the Continent of Africa, and on the South-eastern shore of Lake ...

*Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

Africa Northern and Southern Africa in: - Algeria; Lesotho; Morocco; the provinces of South Africa including Eastern Cape, Free ... It is found mostly in Africa, Europe, and Eurasia, but is also native to a few locales in Mexico and the United States. This ... State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, and Western Cape; and Tunisia. Asia Western Asia and Central ...

*Fraserburg

"Fraserburg, Northern Cape, South Africa". Lodge Safaris. Retrieved 7 February 2011. Raper, P.E. (2004). South African Place ... Fraserburg is a town in the Karoo region of South Africa's Northern Cape province. It is located in the Karoo Hoogland Local ... "Ancient footprints, Fraserburg". South Africa.net. South Africa Tourism. Retrieved 6 April 2015. "FRASERBURG - PALEONTOLOGICAL ... The town has some of the coldest winters in South Africa. The nearest towns are Williston, Sutherland, Loxton and Leeu-Gamka, ...

*Loxton, Northern Cape

"LOXTON: A HIDDEN GEM IN THE NORTHERN CAPE". Experiencenortherncape. Experience the Northern Cape, South Africa. "Loxton". karoo ... Loxton is a town in the Karoo region of South Africa's Northern Cape province. It is one of the major wool-producing centers in ... "History of Loxton - The Karoo, South Africa". The Karoo, South Africa. Retrieved 2017-07-15. "Measuring worth: economic cost ... South Africa Explored. Accessed 22 June 2017. Tourism website Official Community Website. ...

*Libyan-Egyptian War

Cooper, Tom (13 November 2003). "Libyan Mirage-Order". Western & Northern Africa Database. Air Combat Information Group. ... List of modern conflicts in North Africa Countrystudies - Libya and Arab Unity "Libya and Arab Unity" Check ,url= value (help ...

*SIAI-Marchetti SF.260

"Burkina Faso and Mali, Agacher Strip War, 1985." Western & Northern Africa Database. 31 July 2004. "Sri Lanka, since 1971". ... The plane was on rehearsal for the 7 September Big African Airshow. F.250 - first prototype powered by 187 kW (250 hp) Lycoming ...

*Battle of Vescera

McKenna, Amy (2011). The History of Northern Africa. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 40. ISBN 1615303189. Conant, ... Uqba ibn Nafi had led his men in an expedition across north Africa, eventually reaching the Atlantic Ocean and marching as far ... Jonathan (2012). Staying Roman : conquest and identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439-700. Cambridge New York: Cambridge ...

*Ziri ibn Manad

Britannica Educational Publishing (1 October 2010). The History of Northern Africa. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 47. ... ISBN 978-0-521-26645-1. Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku; Gates, Henry Louis (2012). Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. p. 9. ...

*Cape to Cairo Railway

Cape Town Highway Northern Africa Railroad Development Scramble for Africa Fashoda Incident East African Railway Master Plan ... Up to the break-up of the East African Community in 1977, these companies operated as East African Railways, but operate today ... see Northern Africa Railroad Development. This part of the system was started by Lord Kitchener in 1897 when he subjugated the ... representing their claims to sovereignty in Africa (to link Angola and Mozambique). Opposition to British rule in South Africa ...

*Robert Killick-Kendrick

Diptera:Psychodidae) of northern Africa. Parasite (Paris, France) 1998;5(2):151-8. Killick-Kendrick R; Tang Y; Johnson R N; ...

*Frederick Mitchell Hodgson

chapter= ignored (help) Knight, Ian (1989). Queen Victoria's Enemies: Northern Africa. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-937-0. ... On 15 May a force of 170 African soldiers and three British officers reached the fort after marching 238 miles from the north, ... ISBN 0-8223-2641-8. Edgerton, Robert B. (2002). The Fall of the Asante Empire: The Hundred-Year War For Africa's Gold Coast. ... Sanderson, Edgar (2001). Great Britain in Africa: The History of Colonial Expansion. Simon Publications LLC. ISBN 1-931541-31-0 ...

*Awjila language

"Language endangerment in northern Africa." Language diversity endangered 181 (2007): 123. UNESCO http://muftah.org/denied- ... Although researchers at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and the president of the Congrès Mondial Amazigh have ... "Some Notes on the Development of Awjila Berber Vowels1." Nordic Journal of African Studies 22.4 (2013): 236-255. van Putten, ...

*Aris Velouchiotis

... two months earlier-to Erwin Rommel's German forces in Northern Africa, as it took place one month after the commencement of the ...

*Northern Nigeria Protectorate

British West Africa Northern Nigeria Gazette Scramble for Africa Sir Richmond Palmer Temple, Charles Lindsay (1912). "Northern ... Newbury, Colin (2004). "Accounting for Power in Northern Nigeria". The Journal of African History. 45 (2): 257-277. doi:10.1017 ... Northern Nigeria was a British protectorate which lasted from 1900 until 1914 and covered the northern part of what is now ... The British Empire - Northern Nigeria Coordinates: 9°48′00″N 6°09′00″E / 9.8000°N 6.1500°E / 9.8000; 6.1500. ...
But the lists existence is no secret anymore, nor is the ambition of many in the administration to see it greatly expanded, with designs on setting the goal of killing a number of "Islamist militants" across Northern Africa and then creating the US military and/or CIA infrastructure to start getting those killings done.. The man to get this escalation done is Mokhtar Belmokhtar, the Algerian militant behind last months hostage siege at a BP gas plant along the Libyan border. His addition would set a precedent that would mean a precipitous increase in US ambitions across northern Africa.. Belmokhtar is not believed to be on the list yet because theres simply no one to kill him. The CIAs drone campaign is restricted to Yemen and Pakistan, and the Pentagon isnt occupying Algeria.. This means getting him on the list, on the surface something most officials will feel is non-controversial, will mean putting something in Northern Africa to kill him. A drone base for the CIA is a possibility, and ...
Map of Northern Africa, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula region with international borders, capital cities and main cities.
... Coverage may vary, the above is a previous release picture Provides more than 960,000 km (596,700 mi) of road coverage. Displays more than 1
In Northern Africa, UCSF researchers are involved with testing hepatitis C treatment. The Global Health Group (GHG) works on malaria elimination in Algeria. Steven Deeks international HIV trials network (INSIGHT) works collaboratively with researchers in Morocco.. ...
Looking for Sahara Desert? Find out information about Sahara Desert. worlds largest desert, c.3,500,000 sq mi , N Africa; the western part of a great arid zone that continues into SW Asia. Extending more than 3,000 mi , from... Explanation of Sahara Desert
The 374F mutation in the SLC45A2 gene encoding the membrane associated transporter protein (MATP) has been suggested to be associated with skin color in Caucasians. In this synthesis, we collected the distribution of the 374F allele in 2910 unrelated subjects from 28 European and 4 North African populations. The highest allele frequency was observed in Denmark (0.98) and the lowest frequencies were observed in Tunisia (0.61) and in Algerian Mozabites (0.40). A significant decreasing latitudinal cline in 374F allele frequencies was observed, ranging from the north of West Europe to North Africa (R² = 0.6781). Key words: Human skin pigmentation, SLC45A2 gene, 374F mutation, membrane-associated transporter protein (MATP), population study, gradient of allele frequencies, West Europe and North Africa.
Statement of the Saharawi government following the decision of the High Court of South Africa in the continuing detention of a cargo of phosphate rock for New Zealand from occupied Western Sahara Bir Lehlu, Western Sahara (June 15, 2017). On May 1 the government of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (the SADR) and the Saharawi national liberation movement, the Polisario Front, obtained a civil court order to detain a cargo of phosphate mineral rock transiting through South Africa, illegally exported from occupied Western Sahara in April. The 54,000 metric tonnes cargo, purchased by the New Zealand fertilizer company Ballance Agri-Nutrients Limited, has a value estimated at more than $7 million (NZD).. After 45 days, the cargo remains under detention aboard the Marshall Islands registered bulk carrier NM Cherry Blossom at anchor in Port Elizabeth.. Today the High Court of South Africa issued a decision on a review of the May 1 order to detain the cargo. This procedural step was routine in ...
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation ...
There is concern among many observers that U.S. efforts to help build Afghan governance, democracy, civil society, and rule of law will founder as the United States and its partners seek to wind down their involvement in Afghanistan by the end of 2014. Some argue that the informal power structure, which has always been at least as significant a factor in governance as the formal power structure, will sustain governance beyond 2014 if formal governing structures falter. Others say greater reliance on the informal power structure will invite even more corruption and arbitrary administration of justice than is the case now. Karzai has turned the informal power structure to his advantage by relying on the loyalty of several close, ethnic Pashtun allies, while both engaging and dividing the minority ethnic and political faction leaders that generally oppose him. However, several powerful non-Pashtun faction leaders oppose Karzais willingness to make concessions to insurgent leaders in search of a ...
City Navigator brings you the most detailed street maps available so you can navigate with exact, turn-by-turn directions to any address or intersection.
DewaList Classifieds Online is the world free advertising posting site. Place your classified ads, items for sale, wanted to buy sell trade online. Get your free classifieds listed regions in the world.
Integration of freshwater biodiversity in the development process throughout Africa: mobilising information and site demonstrations
Cotton: Gossypium spp.( Magnoliophyta, Magnoliopsida, Malvales, Malvaceae). Origin: Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D.. Service: Provides us with thin material to make clothes. Largely self pollinated.. Sheep: Ovis aries (Chordata, Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Bovidae). Origin: the sheep is supposed to have been domesticated in the Neolithic period about 10,000 years ago in Asia.. Service: Provide merino wool for carpets in our house, lining in cars and for human clothing. Curdled milk is used to make organic paint.. Rye grass: Lolium perenne (Angiosperm, Poales, Poaceae). Origin: domesticated from Eurasia and northern Africa. Service: Provides food for cows and sheep.. White clover: Trifolium repens, (Angiosperm, Fabales, Fabaceae). Origin: domesticated from Eurasia and northern Africa. Service: fertilised the rye grass and fed the cow and sheep.. Honeybee: Apis mellifera, (Arthropoda, Insecta, Hymenoptera, Apidae). Origin: Europe. Service: pollinates the clover. Nitrogen ...
An analysis of First Dynasty crania from Abydos was undertaken using multiple discriminant functions. The results demonstrate greater affinity with Upper Nile Valley patterns, but also suggest change from earlier craniometric trends. Gene flow and movement of northern officials to the important southern city may explain the findings. ...
British Isles, Scandinavia, Russia, Siberia throughout Europe to the Canary Islands and Northern Africa, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Korea, Japan, Canada, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Nebraska, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York and New England. Winters in Mexico, Gulf coast, Florida, Cuba, northern Africa and southern Asia ...
The renewal of violence in the northern provinces of Nigeria brings this oil producing country to the brink of Talibanization, threatening not only the most populous African state but also the entire region, from Chad to Senegal.
Locavore ethical brunch, delectus ad sustainable letterpress nostrud vegan squid kogi forage. Mumblecore 3 wolf moon Wes Anderson banh mi. Bespoke esse vero, photo booth McSweeneys ad Williamsburg nihil jean shorts drinking vinegar.. ...
PRIs The World January 11, 2012 In China, to question the government is to invite trouble. But in a digital media world, the ability to do that is easier than ever. That means those who are so inclined need to find a way to do it without getting in trouble and more often than not that means turning to humor. ...
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This is the first time that a study conducted at the species level collates and integrates information on the socio-economic value of freshwater species ...
Background Despite the limited genetic heterogeneity of Spanish populations, substantial evidences support that historical African influences have not affected them uniformly. Accounting for such population differences might be essential to reduce spurious results in association studies of genetic factors with disease. Using ancestry informative markers (AIMs), we aimed to measure the African influences in Spanish populations and to explore whether these might introduce statistical bias in population-based association studies. Methodology/Principal Findings We genotyped 93 AIMs in Spanish (from the Canary Islands and the Iberian Peninsula) and Northwest Africans, and conducted population and individual-based clustering analyses along with reference data from the HapMap, HGDP-CEPH, and other sources. We found significant differences for the Northwest African influence among Spanish populations from as low as ≈5% in Spanish from the Iberian Peninsula to as much as ≈17% in Canary Islanders, whereas
The androgen receptor (AR) has been proposed as a candidate gene for several cancers (breast, prostate, uterine endometrium, colon, and esophagus). Ethnicity is considered an associated risk factor for some of these cancers. Several case-control genetic studies have been focused in samples of the main ethnic groups, but little is known about the distribution of risk polymorphisms in current populations with accurate ethnic and/or geographic origins. The A allele of the G1733A polymorphism of the AR gene has been associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. We provide data from this marker in 12 samples from 7 Mediterranean countries such as Spain, Italy (Sardinia), Greece, Turkey, Morocco, Algeria, and Egypt. A sample from Ivory Coast has also been analyzed. The A allele distribution shows a frequency in the Ivory Coast population (65.17%) that contrasts with the low values found in Northern Mediterraneans (mean average value of 13.98%). North African populations present two-times higher ...
The Sahara Desert is the greatest and the hottest desert in the world. It is spread over 9,000,000 Square Km. It covers the entire North Africa and thus, makes
Are you heading to Morocco and planning to go overnight camping in the Sahara? Here is my Sahara Desert packing list to help you for your trip!
Every day, millions of microorganisms reach Spain from the Sahara Desert and the Sahel region -- by flying. Louis Pasteur demonstrated back in 1861 that germs can move through the air, but it was only recently discovered that bacteria, fungi and viruses can travel thousands of kilometers stuck onto dust particles. Satellite images show clouds that come close to the size of the Iberian Peninsula.
Impossible as it might seem, there are many such groups, all of them tribal nomads on the fringes of the Sahara desert. Take the Beja, who live in the Sudan between the Nile and the Red Sea. As recently as 5,000 years ago, northern Africa had a much wetter climate. When the rains dried up, so did the land, leading to a spread of the desert into traditional nomadic pastoral lands. Agriculture became impossible in this desert setting. Only animals could eat the few plants that naturally grew and no other food sources were available (condition 3). Yet the Beja survive as long as their animals do. During the dry season that may last as long as nine months they live almost entirely on the milk of their camels and goats, up to 3 quarts per adult per day (condition 1). Milk processing and storage in forms that are low in lactose is impossible given the desert temperatures and the nomadic Beja lifestyle. All the milk must be drunk fresh (condition 2). As the Beja clearly satisfy all three conditions, ...
Aminatou Haidar, who is 42 and has two children, was detained at Laayoune airport, Western Sahara on 13 November when she returned from a month-long trip, to countries including the USA, where she accepted the 2009 Civil Courage Prize, which is awarded every year for steadfast resistance to evil at great personal risk. She was questioned about why she had given her home as Western Sahara rather than Moroccan Sahara on her landing card; she was also asked about her travel, as well as her political opinions and affiliations. Her Moroccan passport and identity card were then confiscated and she was detained in the airport overnight. She said that on 14 November officials offered to release her in return for a public acknowledgement of Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara. She refused to do so, and a few hours later she was put on a flight to Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands.. Aminatou Haidar has been on hunger strike since 15 November in protest. According to her family, she has grown ...
There is a trend to consider the gene pool of the Basques as a living fossil of the earliest modern humans that colonized Europe. To investigate this assumption, we have typed 45 binary markers and five short tandem repeat loci of the Y chromosome in a set of 168 male Basques. Results on these combined haplotypes were analyzed in the context of matching data belonging to approximately 3000 individuals from over 20 European, Near East and North African populations, which were compiled from the literature. Our results place the low Y-chromosome diversity of Basques within the European diversity landscape. This low diversity seems to be the result of a lower effective population size maintained through generations. At least some lineages of Y chromosome in modern Basques originated and have been evolving since pre-Neolithic times. However, the strong genetic drift experienced by the Basques does not allow us to consider Basques either the only or the best representatives of the ancestral European ...
Recent scientific literature has highlighted the relevance of population genetic studies both for disease association mapping in admixed populations and for understanding the history of human migrations. Deeper insight into the history of the Italian population is critical for understanding the peopling of Europe. Because of its crucial position at the centre of the Mediterranean basin, the Italian peninsula has experienced a complex history of colonization and migration whose genetic signatures are still present in contemporary Italians. In this study, we investigated genomic variation in the Italian population using 2.5 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a sample of more than 300 unrelated Italian subjects with well-defined geographical origins. We combined several analytical approaches to interpret genome-wide data on 1272 individuals from European, Middle Eastern, and North African populations. We detected three major ancestral components contributing different proportions across the ...
Letters: Thirty-four years after the international court of justice said the facts did not establish any tie of territorial sovereignty between Western Sahara and Morocco, Western Sahara is still occupied
Pre-Existing Slave Trade Trans-Saharan trade routes (Red Sea and East African) had been trading slaves for centuries throughout the Middle East and Northern Africa Mostly women: traded as concubines for harems; domestic servants Some men: soldiers, field workers (salt production and gold mines), caravan laborers Europeans tapped into existing routes and supplies of slaves. Used this to justify their own enslavement of Africans in New World Mid 1400s: Europeans begin to utilize slaves in Europe as household servants Other forms of servitude used by Europeans: Indentured servitude: Required to work for a master for
The carbon isotopic composition of individual plant leaf waxes (a proxy for C3 vs. C4 vegetation) in a marine sediment core collected from beneath the plume of Sahara-derived dust in northwest Africa reveals three periods during the past 192,000 years when the central Sahara/Sahel contained C3 plants (likely trees), indicating substantially wetter conditions than at present. Our data suggest that variability in the strength of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) is a main control on vegetation distribution in central North Africa, and we note expansions of C3 vegetation during the African Humid Period (early Holocene) and within Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 (≈50-45 ka) and MIS 5 (≈120-110 ka). The wet periods within MIS 3 and 5 coincide with major human migration events out of sub-Saharan Africa. Our results thus suggest that changes in AMOC influenced North African climate and, at times, contributed to amenable conditions in the central Sahara/Sahel, allowing humans to cross ...
In 1990, Africas forests covered almost 750,000 mn hectares, representing 23 per cent of total land area on the continent. Twenty years later, they covered less than 675,000 mn hectares. Yet, says State of the Worlds Forests 2011, a report of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), there is good news: the loss of the continents forest cover is slowing. Between 1990 and 2000, the UN report notes, 40 mn hectares of forest were destroyed. During the last decade, that number went down to 34 mn hectares.. Two main reasons account for the reduction, the report explains. First are efforts by North African countries to preserve their forests. Net losses in this region dropped to 41,000 hectares per year, from a previously recorded 590,000 hectares per year. Recent efforts by Sudan to gather data about the state of its forest is the second reason. Figures for 2000-2010 proved significantly lower than earlier estimates for the preceding decade. Also, North African countries and Sudan lead the ...
Define Sudare. Sudare synonyms, Sudare pronunciation, Sudare translation, English dictionary definition of Sudare. Sudan 1. A region of northern Africa south of the Sahara and north of the equator. It extends across the continent from the Atlantic coast to the mountains...
Applying race to a people with ancient roots makes nearly no sense. This is not a social dilemma, it is a scientific and historical one. People identified as tribes, not in skin color. Race is a modern concept that was birthed for the mere purpose of division and an outlet for domination by instilling a sense of innate superiority. It has no place in categorizing indigenous peoples.. Those saying Black North African Imazighen dont exist are not saying dark-skinned North African Imazighen dont exist. The definition of Black being used is to mean Subsaharan descent. From here, it is easy to conclude that one who is native to Subsaharan Africa cannot also be native to the very Northern regions of North Africa. They were a nomadic people, but separate tribes nonetheless. "Black North African Imazighen" are referred to as Haratin, a people who were the product of enslavement. This mixed lineage is a result of interaction. There is a difference between being tan to the point of passing as a ...
Haplogroup E3b1-M78 is the second most prevailing one (23%) in the studied sample with E3b1-M78 chromosomes accounting for almost all E representatives (98%) except a single E3b2-M81 and two E3b3-M123 chromosomes (fig. 2). E3b1-M78 is the most common haplogroup E lineage in Europe (Cruciani et al. 2004; Semino et al. 2004). The spatial pattern shown in figure 4(C) depicts a nonuniform E3b1 geographic distribution with a frequency peak centered in south Europe and SEE (13%-16% in southern Italians and 17%-27% in the Balkans). Declining frequencies are evident toward western (10% in northern and central Italians), central, and eastern Europe (from 4% to 10% in Polish, Russians, mainland Croatians, Ukrainians, Hungarians, Herzegovinians, and Bosnians). Noteworthy is a low E3b1 frequency (5%) in Turkey. Apart from its presence in Europe and the Middle East, E3b1 is also found in eastern and northern Africa. Cruciani et al. (2004) estimated that E3b-M78 might have originated in eastern Africa about ...
The Sorraia is a rare breed of horse indigenous to the portion of the Iberian peninsula, in the Sorraia River basin, in Portugal. The Sorraia is known for its primitive features, including a convex profile and dun coloring with primitive markings. Concerning its origins, a theory has been advanced by some authors that the Sorraia is a descendant of primitive horses belonging to the naturally occurring wild fauna of Southern Iberia. Studies are currently ongoing to discover the relationship between the Sorraia and various wild horse types, as well as its relationship with other breeds from the Iberian Peninsula and Northern Africa. Members of the breed are small, but hardy and well-adapted to harsh conditions. They were occasionally captured and used by native farmers for centuries, and a remnant population of these nearly extinct horses was discovered by a Portuguese zoologist in the early 20th century. Today, the Sorraia has become the focus of preservation efforts, with European scientists ...
HIV epidemics in people who inject drugs have been on the rise in recent years, including cases in Indiana, USA and Glasgow, UK, raising the question of which measures should be prioritised by authorities - particularly in regions with limited resources, such as the recently affected areas of the Middle East, northern Africa and southeastern Asia.. The research is published in the journal AIDS.. Lead author Tetyana Vasylyeva, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Zoology at Oxford University, said: The HIV epidemic among drug users in Russia and Ukraine following the collapse of the Soviet Union is the biggest of its kind ever recorded. From around only 50 cases per year by 1993, the epidemic grew to several thousand cases in 1994. By the end of the decade, over 1 million people were infected across the two countries - the majority of them drug users.. There was very little in the way of a preventive effort in this epidemic, which makes it a good model to study.. The researchers analysed ...
Sixth cholera pandemic Drawing of Death bringing the cholera, in Le Petit Journal The sixth cholera pandemic was a major outbreak of cholera from the years 1899 to 1923. It killed more than 800,000 in India then erupted in the Middle East, northern Africa, Russia and Eastern Europe. The last outbreak in the United States was in 1910-1911 when the steamship Moltke brought infected people to New York City. Vigilant health authorities isolated the infected on Swinburne Island. Eleven people died, including a health care worker at Swinburne Island. Wave nature Flu pandemics typically come in waves. The 1889-1890 and 1918-1919 flu pandemics each came in three or four waves of increasing lethality. But within a wave, mortality was greater at the beginning of the wave. Variable mortality Mortality varies widely in a pandemic. S. Army camps where reasonably reliable statistics were kept, case mortality often exceeded 5 percent, and in some circumstances exceeded 10 percent. 9 percent. In isolated human ...
Duration: 100 hours. The Need for Conservation is Not New. Conserving the natural resources of the planet earth has been desirable since ancient times. However, throughout history the basic principles of the use of natural resources have been ignored, sometimes with disastrous results. For example: major losses such as the silting of rivers and estuaries, and the flooding of lowlands, have been caused by the destruction of forests and grasslands protecting watersheds. This is apparent mostly in Northern China and in Asia near the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Large areas of Northern Africa and the Middle East have been rendered barren by many centuries of uncontrolled livestock grazing. Lands have been left barren by unwise cultivation and the excessive use of woody plants for fuel that have been cut down and not replanted.. In more recently developed areas of the world, similar damage to the environment has, or is occurring. This is sometimes due to the unwise introduction of species into new ...
Cayetana Blanca is a grapevine variety widely distributed in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal). In addition a wide list of synonyms and its presence in Northern Africa point to a long history of cultivation. In this work we aimed to identify its genetic relationships with other Iberian and Mediterranean cultivars using a panel of SNP markers. A total of 243 SNPs and four chloroplast microsatellite loci allowed for identifying synonyms, trios (parents and offspring) and duos (parent-offspring) relationships. A total of six trios including Cayetana Blanca as a parent were found and supported by very high LODs. Five of the trios have the variety Alfrocheiro Preto as the other parent and gave rise to cultivars used in Portugal: Cornifesto, Camarate, Mouratón, Malvasia Preta and Periquita. The Spanish cultivar Jaén Tinto is confirmed to be an offspring of Cayetana Blanca and Listán Prieto. Additionally, we detected synonyms and duos which in some cases were not anticipated beforehand. ...
Incidence of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is very high in Southern China and Northern Africa (Qui et al 2011). We can map epidemiological data with GiS. We can convert tabular tendencies into trends and beautiful maps. It goes well with government as well, because GiS is good at following administrative boundaries. Accurate mapping with GiS would help in identifying priority areas in light of prevention and treatment.As we travel from Southern China to north, incidence of NPC decreases. We can direct rediotherapy and chemotherapy or both together for patients according to need. On the basis of MAP LEGENDS, new cancer center, or chemotherapy center or reditherapy centyers can be started. Yesterday , I was following Malaysian news, and 71 year old nasopharyngeal cancer patient was turned down by hospital authority. So sad to know that (Daily Express , Malaysia2013).. Qiu C, Yang N, Tian G, Liu H. Weight loss during radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a prospective study from northern China. ...
Winter is the perfect season for time-honoured tradition of congee (zhou or porridge). One part rice, seven parts water added to a ceramic pot or slow cooker and cooked for a couple of hours. Fast version, soak overnight and cook for 40 minutes or until grains are broken. Porridge for breakfast is an important aspect of Chinese preventative health and one that resonates with many other civilizations. In the north of China (or Northern Africa), it is traditionally millet as rice could not be grown in this climate. When using millet, add one-third white rice to give better texture to the porridge. In Russia, barley porridge is the tradition. In Europe, Oat porridge was the stable breakfast. Traditionally in the Americas, corn gruel. In the pacific islands it is taro root porridge. Porridge is the meal whether you are sick or well. It is easy to digest, nutritious and the perfect food for healing when you are sick or not feeling well. Many ingredients can be added to vary the actions of the ...
All lumbricid species recorded in Great Britain and Ireland, including the few recent additions, are peregrine species or belong to peregrine genera [4,11]. By contrast, the genus Prosellodrilus, comprising about 25 species, has a small, endemic range in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France, with a few species occurring in northern Spain, Sardinia and northern Africa [5,12]. The established P. amplisetosus populations in Dublin represent a northward range extension for the genus of about 1000 km. A previous record of a single adult P. amplisetosus from a farm in County Louth, Ireland [13], together with sporadic records from single, agricultural locations in Galicia, Spain [14] and Burgundy, France [15], could suggest that this species geographical range is expanding.. The extent and speed of northward range extensions, as well as the agents and climate factors, are well-documented for economically important taxa such as invasive terrestrial arthropods [16] and plant pests [17]. Soil ...
CIDRAP News) - Though flu activity is still below epidemic thresholds in most of the Northern Hemisphere, increases in areas such as Spain, northern Africa, and part of Canada suggest that the season is starting, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today. ...
But six years ago, when I finally got hip to brining the bird, I stopped shopping for turkey recipes. Although I browse magazines and cookbooks to see whos doing what and occasionally am tempted to date other recipes, I am a committed bird briner (includes recipe details), unless someone can convince me otherwise. (In this weeks Food section, Bonnie Benwick narrows her scope down to wet versus dry brining, and ultimately decides on wet. Shes a smart woman.). Several tempting options have come my way in just the past few days; Ive considered the spatchcock method, which involves removing the backbone and flattening it onto a rack for quicker cooking, a method I love using for whole chickens. The current issue of New York Magazine dishes up a handful of turkey twists with a decidedly global theme -- including a harissa rub a la northern Africa, Peking style with a 24-hour drying period and juniper berry-roasted turkey breast served with tender leaves of Boston lettuce. Im also weighing the ...
Primary thallus: squamulose, persistent, forming large cushions; squamules: 3-6 mm long, 2-5 mm wide, entire to irregularly crenate-lobed to irregularly digitate lobed podetia: scarce to common, 14-55 mm tall, greenish gray, cup-bearing; cups: 2-9 mm wide, entire or with blunt to finger-like proliferations along margins, often simple and without proliferations but infrequently bearing one to three tiers of proliferations from center surface: smoothly corticate, squamulose or esquamulose, esorediate, slightly arachnoid in young parts Apothecia: uncommon, up to 3.5 mm diam, dark brown ascospores: narrowly fusiform, 10-16 x 2-3 micro meter Pycnidia: common, at cup margins, subglobose to ovoid, with hyaline gelatin conidia: 3-4 x 0.5-1 micro meter Spot tests: K- or K+ dingy yellow changing to brownish, C-, KC-, P+ brick red, UV- Secondary metabolites: fumarprotocetraric acid, occasionally with atranorin. Habitat and ecology: on soil or over duff World distribution: northern Africa, Asia, Europe and ...
From the uprising in northern Africa to the assemblies in Spain, followed by the spreading of Occupy, new social movements have sprung up all over the world. Our structures, ways of organising and tactics are still in their embryonic form: working through experimentations and learning from the inevitable difficulties. To progress and strengthen these processes,[…]. Read more → ...
Native to Europe, northern Africa to Asia, where it has been used widely in the landscape. Several cultivars are available in different forms and sizes. An adaptable and aesthetically valuable shrub. However, the snowball aphid usually mars the quality, particularly of the species and cultivar Roseum. Fall color ranges from red to pink to purple-red.. ...
Friday, June 27. Recommended to visit on your own. Expo 29 tour: Opera House, Bullring, Torre del Oro, Triana Bridge and District, Macarena Basilica and walls, Parliament of Andalucia, Murillo Gardens. Plaza de España. Alcazar Royal Palace. Cathedral (Christopher Columbuss tomb). Jewish District and narrow cobblestone alleyways of the Barrio Santa Cruz (Sevilles old quarter). From Malaga, to Tangier (Spain), in Northern Africa http://gospain.about.com/od/transportation/qt/Malaga-To-Morocco.htm. From Granada à ...
Define aoudads. aoudads synonyms, aoudads pronunciation, aoudads translation, English dictionary definition of aoudads. n. A wild sheep native to northern Africa and naturalized in the southwestern United States, having long, curved horns and long hair on the neck and chest....
A court in South Africa this week announced that there would have to be a trial to decide who actually owns a shipment of phosphate from Western Sahara thats been stopped and held in a South African port.
UN envoy Christopher Ross continued efforts in 2012 to resolve the decades-long impasse over the status of Western Sahara, with no discernable progress. Two years after deadly clashes at the Gdeim Izik protest camp, two dozen people detained amid the incident remained incarcerated in a prison near Moroccos capital, with no trial scheduled.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged Morocco and the Polisario movement campaigning for the independence of Western Sahara to withdraw soldiers and fighters from a buffer strip who have sent tensions soaring.
AFRICAN NEWS AGENCY. The only independent news agency dedicated exclusively to Africa. Major phosphate trader out of Western Sahara
Now in its 11th year, the festival known as the Cannes of the desert aims to reassure refugees exiled from Western Sahara that they have not been forgotten, says Stefan Simanowitz ...
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at VerticalNews Health& Science-- In the October 2017 issue of the journal Diabetes Care, DDZ scientists published their study on the number of deaths in Germany due to diabetes and its complications. The use of routine data of all persons insured in the statutory health insurance system in Germany opens up new opportunities...
This study confirms that NP is common in people from North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia (Fig. 2 and Table 2). The neutrophil counts were highest at birth, decreased in the first seven days of life, and reached a nadir in the fourth week of life. Thereafter, the counts increased until 6 months of age and changed a little from six months to six years (Fig. 1). This pattern is similar to that in European children [22-24]. The median neutrophil count was lower in male neonates than female neonates (Table 1). In one study of adult Africans, males had lower neutrophil counts than females [16].. People from North African countries have the highest frequency of NP, ranging from 14.7 to 20.7 % (Fig. 2). Benign NP was first reported from Africa and from countries to which Africans have migrated [2, 3, 25]. A high prevalence of NP was found in the Sudanese who migrated to the Middle East, and amongst Yemenis and Ethiopian Jews who might have acquired the trait from neighboring African populations ...
Le Cologne du Maghreb is a scent using 100% natural oils, and follows to some extent the format of a traditional cologne composition. It is a scent focusing on zesty citrus and dry woods, but this blend is resolutely Andy Tauer in its approach. It opens with a detonation of juicy citrus; bergamot, lemon, clemantine, grapefruit, lemon, orange blossom and neroli... each of which contribute to evoking a feeling of replenishment and rejuvenation with its lush, mouthwatering greenness. A rich heart of rose becomes instantly apparent and lends an exotic near-eastern facet to the fragrance... it is velvety and soft and is balanced well against the sharp citruses. Cedarwood plays a starring role in the basenotes, as inspired by the trees of the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains... it communicates a sense of dryness... like the desert is near, just beyond the boundary of this extraordinary sanctuary ...
Le Cologne du Maghreb is a scent using 100% natural oils, and follows to some extent the format of a traditional cologne composition. It is a scent focusing on zesty citrus and dry woods, but this blend is resolutely Andy Tauer in its approach. It opens with a detonation of juicy citrus; bergamot, lemon, clemantine, grapefruit, lemon, orange blossom and neroli... each of which contribute to evoking a feeling of replenishment and rejuvenation with its lush, mouthwatering greenness. A rich heart of rose becomes instantly apparent and lends an exotic near-eastern facet to the fragrance... it is velvety and soft and is balanced well against the sharp citruses. Cedarwood plays a starring role in the basenotes, as inspired by the trees of the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains... it communicates a sense of dryness... like the desert is near, just beyond the boundary of this extraordinary sanctuary ...
Ras Al-Khaimah based Gulf Pharmaceutical Industries (Julphar) has signed an agreement with Chinese biopharmaceuticals Hualan Biological Bacterin Co. Ltd for the exclusive supply and marketing in the Middle East and North Africa region of Hualans H1N1 vaccine, a single shot vaccine, WAM has reported. Julphar will have exclusive rights to represent Hualan in all discussions with authorities in Mena region concerning Hualans H1N1 vaccine. Hualan will deliver doses of A (H1N1) Influenza Vaccine and will be manufactured in Julphar.
The recent relatively high levels of global oil prices have led to a significant improvement in the public finances of several hydrocarbon-exporting countries. However, despite the increase in fiscal buffers, medium-term risks remain high. Fiscal vulnerabilities have increased as a consequence of the substantial spending packages that have been implemented in recent years. This has raised break-even prices-that is, the price levels that ensure that fiscal accounts are in balance at a given level of spending-in these countries. This study analyses such risks and develops measures of fiscal risk stemming from oil price fluctuations. An empirical application to hydrocarbon-exporting countries from the Middle East and North Africa region is included. Additionally, it is noted that countries with large net assets and proven oil reserves are much less vulnerable to fiscal risk than is indicated by standard measures based on break-even prices.
Summary. EffRx Pharmaceuticals SA (EffRx) formerly known as EffRx, Inc is a pharmaceutical company that develops and offers novel therapies for metabolic bone disease, oncology supportive care, and pediatric conditions. The companys product Binosto/Steovess is an effervescent tablet for oral solution and for the treatment of osteoporosis. Its lead development product, EX404 targets polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents and EX113 is for the treatment of liver diseases. EFFRx also offers life cycle management services to large pharmaceutical companies. The company has collaboration with Kadmon Corporation, LLC for the development of therapies targeting adult and pediatric orphan indications. It distributes its products through distributors in the US, Australia, Korea, the Middle East and North Africa region. EffRx is headquartered in Freienbach, Switzerland.. EffRx Pharmaceuticals SA-Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare-Deals and Alliances Profile provides you comprehensive data and trend ...
Genetic variation in North Africa and Eurasia: neolithic demic diffusion vs. Paleolithic colonisation.: The hypothesis that both genetic and linguistic similari
After a first preliminary phase of about one year in the West & Central Asia and North Africa region, REWARD will enter end of this year a new and challe...
French authorities are questioning a 35-year-old delivery man of North African origin over a suspected Islamist attack involving the beheading of his boss and...
In London, six men of North African origin are detained in connection with the discovery of a deadly toxin. Ricin, tiny amounts of which can kill an adult, has been linked to al Qaeda and to Iraq. Hear Sarah Lyall of The New York Times and NPRs Richard Harris.
Mt Toubkal - trek to the highest point in North Africa (4167m). A short 3 day trek straight to the summit and back down. 5 days including travel to/from UK...
While the U.S. government commits senseless acts like skimping on consulate security in violent North African countries, it spends $500 million to help minorities-especially blacks-enter biomedical research fields where lack of diversity is "disturbing and disheartening.". The grand plan was announced this month by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the nations medical research agency. As part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the NIH doles out north of $31 billion annually to hundreds of thousands of researchers at thousands of universities and institutions around the globe.. Last year the NIH sanctioned a study that determined blacks who apply for federal research grants are less likely than whites and Hispanics to receive the awards. The study took years and was conducted to "learn more about the challenges facing the scientific community," according to the NIHs director, and to improve the diversity of its biomedical research workforce. He called the findings ...
ALICIA A. CALDWELL, DAVID KOENIG, AP. WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. government, citing unspecified threats, is barring passengers on nonstop, U.S.-bound flights from eight mostly Middle Eastern and North African countries from bringing laptops, tablets, electronic games and other devices on board in carry-on bags.. Passengers flying to the United States from 10 airports will be allowed only cellphones and smartphones in the passenger cabins, senior Trump administration officials said. Larger electronic items must be checked.. The rules took effect Tuesday morning and airlines will have until 3 a.m. EDT Saturday to implement them or face being barred from flying to the United States, the officials said.. They said the decision was prompted by "evaluated intelligence" about ongoing potential threats to airplanes bound for the United States. The officials would not discuss the timing of the intelligence or if any particular terror group is thought to be planning an attack.. The Trump administration ...
‘Imagine if America was a dictatorship,” General Admiral Haffaz Aladeen invites a crowd of wary New Yorkers. He is on a state visit from the North African country he rules with an iron fist — and with a fleet of gold-plated Hummers — and he could not be more sincere. “You could let 1 percent of the people have all the nation’s wealth. You could help your rich friends get richer by cutting their taxes and bailing them out when they gamble and lose. You could ignore the needs of the poor for health care and education. Your media would appear free, but would secretly be controlled by one person and his family. …” - Steven Rea, Philadelphia Inquirer
Polisario Front: Polisario Front, politico-military organization striving to end Moroccan control of the former Spanish territory of Western Sahara, in northwestern Africa, and win
It is always important to know what is going on in the world of COPD/Asthma, hence a weekly (at the minimum) posting of Notes to Know about COPD/Asthma - because those of us battling the issue should always be up to date on what is going on, and that includes both the positives and the…
WannaSurf - Free illustrated atlas of surf spots and surfing worldwide with maps of surf spots, detailed descriptions and photos. All the best weather and forecast maps. An interactive environment provides messages, reports and data editing.
Mr. Laaroussi states that on one occasion that he was led to make imaging exam, at the clinic along with radiologist was the prison doctor. They made a imaging and from the description I believe that it was a CT scan or an abdominal MRI, they told him he had nothing ......... he threatened that he would present a complaint, and then was told : well, in this exam it is visible (I understand by what you told me the patient) that the left adrenal gland is increased in size ...
Browse Oracle Industrial Manufacturing solutions to help you meet your business challenges with a powerful combination of technology and comprehensive cloud business applications.
Youve been diagnosed with a thyroid problem. Whether your thyroid is underactive or overactive, its going to cause a problem for your dieting efforts. Mos
Le Festival de Fès des musiques sacrées du monde et ses discours ... non programmés, dordre sensoriel et visuel, aux visiteurs : des jeux de lumières balayant les monuments, la restauration en plein air, des rencontres de fortune, lambiance électrique de la foule lors des concerts de la place Baghdadi. Alors que le point culminant du Festival reste encore, pour de nombreux visiteurs, un spectacle donné par un ensemble appartenant à une tradition mystique, dautres festivaliers garderont en mémoire lesprit de mobilisation collective que suscite lévénement. Un certain ordre social est créé par la mise en scène et la modification du temps, du discours et des symboles. Au-delà de cette semaine annuelle, le réseau social, dense mais temporaire, auquel lexpérience du Festival donne naissance, se prolonge grâce à sa structure organisationnelle, et à sa présence médiatique. com) senrichit par ce que publient régulièrement à son propos les journaux marocains et la presse ...
THE DEBATE : Should France be in the Sahel? This region below the Sahara Desert, is rich in resources such as uranium; France is there in the form of the...
noun: a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert ...
Satellite tracking has allowed a research team to uncover the mysteries of the migration of Eleanoras falcon for the first time. In total, the bird flies more than 9,500 kilometers across the African continent from the Balearic and Columbretes Islands before reaching the island of Madagascar. Some of the previously obscure secrets now revealed by the scientists show that these falcons migrate by both day and night, and cross supposed ecological barriers such as the Sahara Desert.
Five African aid workers freed on Saturday after nearly three weeks as hostages in the Sahara desert said they were relieved to be back with their families in Niger and that their captors did not mistreat them.
sā ʻaʻa. small, S (clothing size) (NKE12) Sabati var. spelling of Kāpaki, Sabbath... Sabati s. Heb. The Sabbath; a resting day; the name of the seventh day of the week among the Jews. Kin. 2:2; Puk. 20:10. By the Christian Church it is termed the Lords day. Hoik. 1:10. La o ka Haku. Sadinia var. spelling of Kakinia, Sardinia... Sādīnia [sā·dī·nia] n. Sardinia. Eng. [+] Sahara Komohana [sahara komo·hana] n. Western Sahara; Western Saharan. saida var. spelling of kaika, cider... sakarema var. spelling of kakalema, Sacrament... sakerema var. spelling of kakelema, kakelemeneka, Sacrament... sakeremeneta var. spelling of kakelema, kakelemeneka, Sacrament... sakirilege var. spelling of kakilileke, sacrilege... sako var. spelling of kako₁, sage... Sakona Saxon. (EH) salamena [sala·mena] n. Salamander. also kalamena. Eng. Salawadoa var. spelling of Kalawakoa, Salvador... Salawedoa var. spelling of Kalawekoa, Salvador... Salema var. spelling of Kalema, Salem... saleoa var. spelling of ...
This is a list of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page (or to members of a specified category). Pages on your watchlist are bold. ...
Britain has vowed a tough response against militants in North Africa, but behind its tough language lies the ugly reality of a fast-shrinking army, deep budget cuts and little U.S. interest in another costly war in a distant desert.
Makhtar Diop, Vice President for Africa Region, The World Bank World Economic Forum While the world has its eyes fixed on the heartbreaking refugee crisis resulting from conflict in the Middle East,.... ...
This volume arises from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on North African Cretaceous rudist and coral formations and their contributions to
Many of these instruments and frameworks place emphasis on womens economic advancement. This paper discusses the extent to which these protocols intersect across the 14 SADC countries, the Africa region and the internationally
The IRMC is hosting a colloquium on Justice et politique dans le Maghreb post-révoltes arabes: Réforme, Institutions, Réconciliation from 21-22 April 2017. The Call for Papers is open until 30 January 2017. The Programme will be added as soon as it is available.. ...
It is disappointing, therefore, to see that RUSI is being paid by big tobacco firms to shore up business interests in the Maghreb... While it may have been KPMGs logo on the front of the report, a closer reading shows that the firm had actually been ...
The best projects start with the best products. Start your projects with our high-quality cardstock, formulated especially for discerning crafters. The ultrasmooth surface is ideal for stamping, so you get clean, crisp images. And its dyed with pure color all the way through so theres no white core. * 24 sheets * 8-1/2 x 11 * Sahara Sand * Acid free * Lignin free
The best projects start with the best products. Start your projects with our high-quality cardstock, formulated especially for discerning crafters. The ultrasmooth surface is ideal for stamping, so you get clean, crisp images. And its dyed with pure color all the way through so theres no white core. * 24 sheets * 8-1/2 x 11 * Sahara Sand * Acid free * Lignin free
Air Sahara has filed a caveat in the Allahabad High Court regarding the Rs 2,300 crore buy-out deal with Jet Airways, sources familiar with the development said on Wednesday.
CIDRAP News) - Flu activity in the United States, Canada, and parts of Europe continues to increase, but for the most part, levels of both mild and severe illness are low compared with past flu seasons, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today.. Activity appears to have peaked in a few Northern Hemisphere locations, such as some countries in Western Europe, North Africa, and northern China, according to the WHO. ...
It was a fête befitting the citizens of a diverse empire. And then Philip, tragically, was killed. Unity would not come easy in the years that followed. One bishop in North Africa even considered his compromise, like Basilides, to sign that "the end ... More... ...
Christopher Landon served with the 51st Field Ambulance in North Africa during WWII. After the war he wrote several novels, including A Flag in the City, Stone Cold Dead in the Market, and Hornets nest. His most famous novel, however, was Ice Cold in Alex, which was made into an internationally famous movie, starring John Mills ...
North African flavors marinate tender lamb that you grill and serve with hot cooked couscous, the wheat-grain semolina served as a grain side dish in this part of the world.
Salt springs in the Sahara: Niger has clays rich in salt from ancient seabeds, the salt springs of Teguidda-n-Tessoumt are surrounded by small round pools of brine, where salt crystals form on top slowing evaporation so children sprinkle water to break the crust which then settles at the bottom as crystals, later collected as loaves. Then the salt ponds are cleaned of remaining clay mud and reused, the mud dumped onto manmade hillocks. Much of the salt is traded via desert-edge nomads for use by domestic herds. Trees are very rare in the Sahara, but two trees grow nearby. (from article in Awake! Jan 09 ...
انفنی ٹ م گیما رے ریڈیوسرجری سسٹم اب لاطینی امریکہ میں پہلی بار دستیاب ہوگا. سٹی آف انڈسٹری، کیلیفورنیا، 5 ستمبر 2012ء/پی آرنیوزوائر/-. عالمی طبی ٹیکنالوجی میں جدت طراز ادارے MASEP انفنی اور سان …. ...
North Africa: North Africa, region of Africa comprising the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. The geographic entity North Africa has no single accepted definition. It has been regarded by some as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea
In June, the Party of Modernity and Authenticity, founded by Fouad Ali el Himma, won most seats in local elections, followed by the Istiqlal Party led by Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi. In July, one opposition political figure was given a two-year prison term, and four opposition political figures and a journalist were sentenced to between 20 and 25 years in prison, in a highly politicized case known as the Belliraj Affair, which was marred by allegations of torture and procedural irregularities.. The stalemate continued in negotiations on the status of Western Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which calls for an independent state in Western Sahara and runs a self-proclaimed government-in-exile in refugee camps in southwestern Algeria. The UN Security Council extended the mandate of the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara until 30 April 2010 with no provision for human rights monitoring.. ...
Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎ Tūnis) [http://www.tunisia-tourism.org], officially known as the Tunisian Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyyah at-Tūnisiyyah), is a country in Northern Africa that has a Mediterranean Sea coastline in the very centre of Mediterranean Africa. Tunisia lies immediately to the south of Italy and Malta. Libya borders Tunisia to the south-east, whilst Algeria lies to the west.
The ant Cataglyphis lives in the Sahara desert and is one of the most thermotolerant land animals known. It forages at body temperatures above 50 degrees C, and the critical thermal maxima are at 53.6 +/- 0.8 degrees C for Cataglyphis bombycina and 55.1 +/- 1.1 degrees C for Cataglyphis bicolor. The synthesis and accumulation of heat shock proteins (HSPs) were analyzed in Cataglyphis and compared to Formica, an ant living in more moderate climates, and to two Drosophila species. In Cataglyphis, protein synthesis continues at temperatures up to 45 degrees C as compared to 39 degrees C for Formica and Drosophila. The two Drosophila species, Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila ambigua, differ with respect to their maximal induction of HSP synthesis and accumulation by 3-4 degrees C. In contrast, the two ant species accumulate HSPs prior to their exposure to heat, and in Cataglyphis the temperature of maximal HSP induction by de novo protein synthesis is only 2 degrees C higher than in Formica. ...
Blood culture-negative endocarditis is common in Algeria. We describe the etiology of infective endocarditis in this country. Samples from 110 cases in 108 patients were collected in Algiers. Blood cultures were performed in Algeria. Serologic and molecular analysis of valves was performed in France. Infective endocarditis was classified as definite in 77 cases and possible in 33. Causative agents were detected by blood cultures in 48 cases. All 62 blood culture-negative endocarditis cases were tested by serologic or molecular methods or both. Of these, 34 tested negative and 28 had an etiologic agent identified. A total of 18 infective endocarditis cases were caused by zoonotic and arthropodborne bacteria, including Bartonella quintana (14 cases), Brucella melitensis (2 cases), and Coxiella burnetii (2 cases). Our data underline the high prevalence of infective endocarditis caused by Bartonella quintana in northern Africa and the role of serologic and molecular tools for the diagnosis of blood ...
Blood culture-negative endocarditis is common in Algeria. We describe the etiology of infective endocarditis in this country. Samples from 110 cases in 108 patients were collected in Algiers. Blood cultures were performed in Algeria. Serologic and molecular analysis of valves was performed in France. Infective endocarditis was classified as definite in 77 cases and possible in 33. Causative agents were detected by blood cultures in 48 cases. All 62 blood culture-negative endocarditis cases were tested by serologic or molecular methods or both. Of these, 34 tested negative and 28 had an etiologic agent identified. A total of 18 infective endocarditis cases were caused by zoonotic and arthropodborne bacteria, including Bartonella quintana (14 cases), Brucella melitensis (2 cases), and Coxiella burnetii (2 cases). Our data underline the high prevalence of infective endocarditis caused by Bartonella quintana in northern Africa and the role of serologic and molecular tools for the diagnosis of blood culture
The Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines S.A. (IMM) are a Tunisian car manufacturer headquartered in the city of Kairouan. The company was founded in 1982 and closed for the first time in 1988; the plant was reopened in 1991. Since then, the manufacturer has formed subsidiaries to distribute its vehicles in Carthage, Tunis and Oued Smar, Algeria. The company is a joint-venture between the General Motors Company (20 per cent), Isuzu Motors Ltd. (10 per cent) and the locomotive builder General Motors du Tunisie S.A. (70 per cent). The latter provides the staff for the company. In January 2008, it was announced that the Algerian subsidiary will be converted for the assembly of vehicles. The new IMM plant will assemble up to 25,000 units a year. In Kairouan, the IMM is manufacturing up to 4,000 units a year. The vehicles will be marketed alongside the two local markets in Gibraltar, Morocco, Mauritania and Libya. The IMM is responsible for the supply of the markets of the Maghreb region and the Arab ...
Humphrey et al. "present evidence linking a high prevalence of caries to reliance on highly cariogenic wild plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from North Africa, predating other high caries populations and the first signs of food production by several thousand years. Archaeological deposits at Grotte des Pigeons in Morocco document extensive evidence for human occupation during the Middle Stone Age and Later Stone Age (Iberomaurusian), and incorporate numerous human burials representing the earliest known cemetery in the Maghreb. Macrobotanical remains from occupational deposits dated between 15,000 and 13,700 cal B.P. provide evidence for systematic harvesting and processing of edible wild plants, including acorns and pine nuts. Analysis of oral pathology reveals an exceptionally high prevalence of caries (51.2% of teeth in adult dentitions), comparable to modern industrialized populations with a diet high in refined sugars and processed cereals. We infer that increased reliance on ...
Background: The global distribution and disease burden of arboviral diseases have increased over recent years. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the epidemiology of arboviruses remains poorly characterized. Methods: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed available records across the WHO, World Bank, and UNAIDS-defined MENA region describing the human, animal, and vector prevalence for six arboviruses which were selected based on their known endemicity in the region and broader global importance: chikungunya virus (CHIKV), crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), dengue virus (DENV), rift valley fever virus (RVFV), west nile virus (WNV), and yellow fever (YFV). Geospatial prevalence maps were generated using ArcGIS software. Results: We screened 2,090 reports and identified 586 prevalence measures for the arboviruses of interest in humans (40%) and animals (60%) in MENA. Countries with no published prevalence data were Algeria, Bahrain, Palestine, ...

Libyas fossil discovery illuminates an interval of evolutionary history : House of WisdomLibya's fossil discovery illuminates an interval of evolutionary history : House of Wisdom

"The fact that we are finding different species in Libya suggests that ancient environments in northern Africa were becoming ... The paper is available online but has yet to be published in the April edition of the Journal of African Earth Sciences, and ... because anthropoids had already been around for several million years in Africa prior to that boundary. ... are still exploring how this new evolutionary dynamic may have impacted the evolution of primates and other mammals in Africa ...
more infohttp://blogs.nature.com/houseofwisdom/2015/03/fossil-discovery-illuminates-an-interval-of-evolutionary-history.html

Category:Flora of Northern Africa - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Flora of Northern Africa - Wikimedia Commons

Media in category "Flora of Northern Africa". The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. ... Category:Flora of Northern Africa. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Flora_of_Northern_Africa&oldid=129860513" ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Flora_of_Northern_Africa

Private Equity Africa -  Northern TrustPrivate Equity Africa - Northern Trust

Northern Trust private equity funds operational infrastructure supports buy-out, mezzanine, life science, secondaries, ... Ireland and latterly Africa, with responsibility for offering Northern Trusts services to pension fund, insurance, sovereign ... Douglas joined Northern Trust in 2008 and has over 19 years of business development experience, the last seven of which have ... Prior to joining Northern Trust, Douglas worked in the IT industry for 12 years, specialising in business development for Morse ...
more infohttps://www.northerntrust.com/asset-servicing/africa/services/fund-services/private-equity-funds?q=&lgs=5827361770&rn=10

Fatburger Continues Expanding Throughout Northern AfricaFatburger Continues Expanding Throughout Northern Africa

Home , Fatburger Continues Expanding Throughout Northern Africa. Fatburger Continues Expanding Throughout Northern Africa. [1] ... www.qsrmagazine.com/news/fatburger-continues-expanding-throughout-northern-africa&text=Check%20out%20Fatburger%20Continues% ... www.qsrmagazine.com/news/fatburger-continues-expanding-throughout-northern-africa&mini=true&title=Fatburger%20Continues% ... www.qsrmagazine.com/news/fatburger-continues-expanding-throughout-northern-africa ...
more infohttps://www.qsrmagazine.com/print/66376

Middle East and Northern Africa | Press centre | UNICEFMiddle East and Northern Africa | Press centre | UNICEF

African youth to African leaders: "You must do more to end conflicts in Africa". GAMBELLA, Ethiopia/DAKAR, Senegal/NAIROBI, ... Middle East and Northern Africa. Gazas children deserve much better. AMMAN, 4 May 2018 - "Over the past five weeks, five ... UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, Sigrid Kaag on the situation in northern Yemen. Statement - 8 ... Statement by Sigrid Kaag, UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa about the escalation in Northern Yemen ...
more infohttps://www.unicef.org/emergencies/syria/media_pr_mena.html

Western Africa (northern section):  Non-Portraits



: Digital Photography ReviewWestern Africa (northern section): Non-Portraits : Digital Photography Review

Western Africa (northern section): Non-Portraits. Challenge #55 in the around the world in 80 ways series. Hosted by ... As we move (roughly) south thru Africa, the last weeks and this weeks challenge will cover the following LONG list of ...
more infohttps://www.dpreview.com/challenges/Challenge.aspx?ID=9024&View=Results&Rows=4&Page=2

List of political parties in Northern Africa by country - WikipediaList of political parties in Northern Africa by country - Wikipedia

This is a List of political parties in Northern Africa by country, linking to the country list of parties and the political ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_Northern_Africa_by_country

Download Africa Alert Maroc Northern, africa, northernDownload Africa Alert Maroc Northern, africa, northern

Africa Alert Maroc Northern: 1 assigned downloads, like Two White stork Ciconia ciconia in big nest Palais el Badi Marrakech ... Similar tags: africa • alert • maroc • northern Top tags: sound effects • games shop • service repair manual • yamaha ...
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Extinction of freshwater species in Northern Africa: a double loss | IUCNExtinction of freshwater species in Northern Africa: a double loss | IUCN

However freshwater species in northern Africa also face some of the highest levels of threat in continental Africa, with 28% of ... Extinction of freshwater species in Northern Africa: a double loss. Mon, 10 Sep 2012 ... Freshwater ecosystems in northern Africa, like others throughout the world, support species that are of direct socio-economic ... The aim of this study is to link IUCN Red List data on the extinction risk for 877 species across northern Africa with ...
more infohttps://www.iucn.org/content/extinction-freshwater-species-northern-africa-double-loss

Northern Africa, Universal Geography of Educational applicationsNorthern Africa, Universal Geography of Educational applications

Placed between Algeria and Lybia, it is the most northern country of Africa. The plains from the West coasts, very fertile and ... Sudan is the biggest country of Africa and it is divided into three natural areas: the deserts of Lybia, Sahara and Nubia in ...
more infohttp://www.aplicaciones.info/sociales/gei32in.htm

Obamas Kill List Comes to Northern Africa  - News From Antiwar.comObama's Kill List Comes to Northern Africa - News From Antiwar.com

Obamas Kill List Comes to Northern Africa. Officials Are Keen to Expand List to Algeria and Beyond Jason Ditz Posted on ... His addition would set a precedent that would mean a precipitous increase in US ambitions across northern Africa. ... across Northern Africa and then creating the US military and/or CIA infrastructure to start getting those killings done. ... will mean putting something in Northern Africa to kill him. A drone base for the CIA is a possibility, and would need to ...
more infohttp://news.antiwar.com/2013/02/10/obamas-kill-list-comes-to-northern-africa/

Index Management - strategic global expertise in key benchmarks Africa - Northern TrustIndex Management - strategic global expertise in key benchmarks Africa - Northern Trust

Through our Intelligent Indexing process Northern Trust aims to replicate the risk and return characteristics of a benchmark ... Northern Trust Asset Management is composed of Northern Trust Investments, Inc., Northern Trust Global Investments Limited, ... and personnel of The Northern Trust Company of Hong Kong Limited and The Northern Trust Company. This material is directed to ... Find out how Northern Trusts Intelligent Indexing process and nearly 50 years experience in index management can help you ...
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Horseback Riding Vacations Tunisia Horse Riding Holidays Northern Africa Horseback ToursHorseback Riding Vacations Tunisia Horse Riding Holidays Northern Africa Horseback Tours

Equestrian Home - Northern Africa - Tunisia 0 tours are queued for brochure printing. Click here to print brochure. Blog , ... Tunisia is Africas smallest country, but it is packed with enough diversity to fill a continent! Vestiges of former rulers dot ... Tunisias cuisine is also a delicious mélange - French, North African, Middle Eastern and Turkish. The stirringly dramatic ...
more infohttp://www.hiddentrails.com/pub/country.aspx?id=Tunisia

Northern Rhodesian African Mineworkers Union - WikipediaNorthern Rhodesian African Mineworkers' Union - Wikipedia

The Northern Rhodesian African Mineworkers Union (A.M.U.) was a trade union in Northern Rhodesia which represented black ... In 1947 and 1948 unions were formed at all four major copper mines in Northern Rhodesia, and these merged to form the African ... The AMU was active at the same time as the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress was agitating politically for improved ... In 1945 the new British Labour government decided to encourage the establishment of African trade unions in the British African ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Rhodesian_African_Mineworkers'_Union

Africa - The Northern MinerAfrica - The Northern Miner

From our offices in Canada, London and New York, our regular on-the-ground presence in Latin America and West Africa and our ... Northern Shield Resources Inc. is a Canadian-based company known for generating high-quality Ni-Cu-PGE exploration targets and ... Opening Remarks , Anthony Vaccaro, Group Publisher, The Northern Miner Group. 10:45am. Investor Presentation , Star Diamond ... At The Northern Miners Canadian Mining Symposium, held at Canada House in London, U.K., Iamgold (TSX: IMG; NYSE: IAG) ...
more infohttps://www.northernminer.com/region/africa/

demography.matters.blog: Hein de Haas on migration in northern Africademography.matters.blog: Hein de Haas on migration in northern Africa

The importance of immigration from sub-Saharan West Africa to North Africa, particularly but not only Saharan areas, is ... a research based at Oxford whose expertise in migration in northern Africa makes him a perfect go-to person for insight on ... He makes the point that so far West Africa is actually not a major source of migrants for western Europe, partly because of the ... Hundreds of thousands, perhaps over a million, mainly African migrants remain trapped in Libya.. Although there is still a lack ...
more infohttp://demographymatters.blogspot.com/2011/03/hein-de-haas-on-migration-in-northern.html

Download Africa Deserts Maghrib Northern, maghrib, libya, libyan, m...Download Africa Deserts Maghrib Northern, maghrib, libya, libyan, m...

Africa Deserts Maghrib Northern: 20 assigned downloads, like Bunch of grass grows in the sand wind draws round pattern Erg ... Similar tags: acacus • adventure • africa • atmospheric • countryside • desert • dunes • eco-tourismus • fessan • libya • ... libyan • maghreb • maghrib • maroc • northern • poenix • sahara • tourismus Top tags: sound effects • games shop • service ...
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Northern Africa | Global Research ProjectsNorthern Africa | Global Research Projects

Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, ... In Northern Africa, UCSF researchers are involved with testing hepatitis C treatment. The Global Health Group (GHG) works on ... South Africa, Swaziland, Western Africa, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, ... South Africa, Swaziland, Western Africa, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, ...
more infohttp://globalprojects.ucsf.edu/locations/northern-africa?order=field_award_end_date&sort=desc

Northern Africa | Global Research ProjectsNorthern Africa | Global Research Projects

Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, ... In Northern Africa, UCSF researchers are involved with testing hepatitis C treatment. The Global Health Group (GHG) works on ... South Africa, Swaziland, Western Africa, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, ... South Africa, Swaziland, Western Africa, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, ...
more infohttp://globalprojects.ucsf.edu/locations/northern-africa?qt-locations_projects_active_archiv=1

Justin Nanigian, Kimberley Northern Cape 8301 South Africa - Gravatar ProfileJustin Nanigian, Kimberley Northern Cape 8301 South Africa - Gravatar Profile

Kimberley Northern Cape 8301 South Africa. Premium Paper (PTY) LTD is a global exporter of branded A4 copy paper products for ...
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City Navigator Middle East & Northern Africa NT 2015.20City Navigator Middle East & Northern Africa NT 2015.20

Northern Africa NT 2015.20 Coverage may vary, the above is a previous release picture Provides more than 960,000 km (596,700 mi ... Full Northern Africa files:. Full Northern Africa gmap3d locked. North AF_gmap3d.rar - RAR archive, unpacked size 81.461.248 ... 3D Middle East & Northern Africa:. Locked: [Only registered and activated users can see links. ]. UnLocked: [Only registered ... Original Image Middle East & Northern Africa:. Locked: [Only registered and activated users can see links. ]. UnLocked: [Only ...
more infohttps://www.gpspower.net/garmin-maps/331441-city-navigator-middle-east-northern-africa-nt-2015-20-a.html

Mining Market in Central, Northern and Eastern Africa New Report | Jan 22, 2013 - ReleaseWireMining Market in Central, Northern and Eastern Africa New Report | Jan 22, 2013 - ReleaseWire

In 2011, the Central African region accounted for 43% of the global industrial diamond production, North Africa accounted for ... North and East African regions produce copper, diamonds and phosphate on a large scale. ... 21% of the global phosphate rock production, and East Africa produced more than 5% of global copper output. Additionally, ... The report analyzes the mining industry of the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions with select countries in focus. ...
more infohttp://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/mining-market-in-central-northern-and-eastern-africa-new-report-197962.htm

Deconstructing the notion of global health research partnerships across Northern and African contexts | Springer for Research...Deconstructing the notion of "global health research partnerships" across Northern and African contexts | Springer for Research...

Deconstructing the notion of "global health research partnerships" across Northern and African contexts. ... African country as much as to a transnational structure administering research projects between Northern and African ... South Africa), and the University of the Western Cape (South Africa). Of the five EV4GH programs held to date, four have been ... after being trained in Northern academic institutions, individual African researchers typically decide to stay in their host ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12910-018-0280-7

Prieska Copper Mine (Copperton deposit), Copperton, Pixley ka Seme District, Northern Cape, South AfricaPrieska Copper Mine (Copperton deposit), Copperton, Pixley ka Seme District, Northern Cape, South Africa

South Africa : Zn-Cu VMS (massive sulphide) deposit. Exploited from 1972 to 1994. Located 60km south of Prieska. ... Prieska Copper Mine (Copperton deposit), Copperton, Pixley ka Seme District, Northern Cape, South Africai. Regional Level Types ... Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp; ... Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp; ...
more infohttps://www.mindat.org/loc-53708.html

A Study Guide on Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa Essay - 608 WordsA Study Guide on Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa Essay - 608 Words

Study Guide Chapter 8. Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa. 1.Describe climate and vegetation of this region. Hot, dry plains ... A Study Guide on Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa Topics: Islam, Plate tectonics, God Pages: 1 (608 words) Published: ... A Northern Light Study Guide Essay ... A Northern Light Study Guide1. There are 4 significances pertaining why there are words ... Chapter 8. Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa.. 1.Describe climate and vegetation of this region.. Hot, dry plains contrast ...
more infohttps://www.studymode.com/essays/a-Study-Guide-On-Southwestern-Asia-47928675.html
  • de Haas' 2007 International Migration Institute study "The myth of invasion: Irregular migration from West Africa to the Maghreb and the European Union" (PDF format) is well worth study. (blogspot.com)
  • The importance of immigration from sub-Saharan West Africa to North Africa, particularly but not only Saharan areas, is something de Haas brings out nicely. (blogspot.com)
  • Historical accounts are helpful in unpacking the genesis of collaborative research between Northerners and Southerners - particularly those coming from the African continent. (springer.com)
  • Kibiro is located at the bottom of the Western Rift Valley on the Continent of Africa, and on the South-eastern shore of Lake Albert. (wikipedia.org)
  • The large majority of migrants fleeing the violence in Libya are returning to Egypt, Tunisia, Turkey, the Philippines, China, Bangladesh and various European and African countries. (blogspot.com)
  • Northern actors encompass what is also generally referred to as "Western actors", i.e., institutions and individuals representing the USA and Canada, Europe (European Union and European Free Trade Association member states), Australia, and New Zealand, whereas Southern actors represent low- and middle-income countries. (springer.com)
  • All three diffused from their hearts in Southwestern Asia to Europe, Africa and Asia. (studymode.com)
  • In 1947 and 1948 unions were formed at all four major copper mines in Northern Rhodesia, and these merged to form the African Mineworkers' Union in 1949, receiving recognition from the mining companies in the same year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Central, North and East African regions produce copper, diamonds and phosphate on a large scale. (sbwire.com)
  • In 2011, the Central African region accounted for 43% of the global industrial diamond production, North Africa accounted for 21% of the global phosphate rock production, and East Africa produced more than 5% of global copper output. (sbwire.com)
  • Metals and Minerals Scope: The report covers trends in the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions' metals and minerals production with a primary focus on coal, copper, diamonds, gold, manganese and phosphate. (sbwire.com)
  • In the 1950s the major mining companies, with the support of the Colonial Office, began attempting to replace the skilled European mineworkers with African workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was the aim of a major strike in January 1955, in which 28,885 out of 34,000 African workers took part. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Africa is the major investment destination of the three regions, with mining projects valued over $11 billion. (sbwire.com)
  • The competitive landscape covers the top players in the mining industry in the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions, with the major active and planned projects. (sbwire.com)
  • Such landform differences are related to geological activity along tectonic plate boundaries of the African, Arabian and Eurasian plates What major rivers are located here? (studymode.com)
  • The aim of this study is to link IUCN Red List data on the extinction risk for 877 species across northern Africa with information on these freshwater species' socio-economic value, and to evaluate levels of dependence on wetland services. (iucn.org)
  • This means getting him on the list, on the surface something most officials will feel is non-controversial, will mean putting something in Northern Africa to kill him. (antiwar.com)
  • Trade union organisation among African mineworkers was first initiated in 1935, when workers spontaneously struck over an increase in the native tax levied on Africans living in urban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you cannot exhibit or visit but would like a limited presence, the Northern Powerhouse team are happy to promote your business on your behalf. (eventbrite.co.uk)
  • An inquiry, known as the Branigan Report, was established to investigate possible links between African nationalist groups and the AMU. (wikipedia.org)
  • The high socio-economic value of freshwater species is clearly demonstrated: 46% of fish and 27% of plants utilised in northern Africa provide direct socio-economic benefits. (iucn.org)
  • Today, partnerships provide assistance to underfunded African research institutions, but this assistance is often tied with hypotheses about program priorities that Northern funders require from their Southern collaborators. (springer.com)
  • In 1945 the new British Labour government decided to encourage the establishment of African trade unions in the British African colonies, and advisors from the British Trade Union Congress were sent to Northern Rhodesia to facilitate the process of establishing the unions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Northern Trust supports a wide-range of private equity fund types and structures across multiple jurisdictions and has developed specialist knowledge throughout our 20-year involvement within the industry. (northerntrust.com)
  • Central Africa is expected to be a significant producer of gold in the near future. (sbwire.com)
  • In Central Africa, the mining sectors of Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon are dealt with in detail. (sbwire.com)
  • Our study aims to characterize Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) isolated from maize roots in five agroecological zones of central and northern Benin. (hindawi.com)
  • Microbiological investigation of these samples has shown that maize rhizospheres in central and northern Benin contain a high diversity of microorganisms. (hindawi.com)
  • This is the first time that a study conducted at the species level collates and integrates information on the socio-economic value of freshwater species and the threats to those species in Northern Africa. (iucn.org)
  • The NRMU strongly resisted any attempt to transfer jobs to the African workers, relying on a clause in their agreement with the companies that prevented jobs being filled by workers not covered by the existing contract. (wikipedia.org)
  • The strength and militancy of the AMU led the government and mining companies to support the establishment of a rival union for skilled African workers in 1953, the Mines African Staff Association (MASA). (wikipedia.org)
  • In February 1955 Anglo American also announced plans to replace white workers with Africans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freshwater ecosystems in northern Africa, like others throughout the world, support species that are of direct socio-economic importance to local communities, providing products such as food, construction and craft material, and medicines. (iucn.org)
  • In 1947 the British government had established the Dalgleish Commission to investigate the colour bar, and the Commission recommended the gradual replacement of European workers with Africans, initially in low-skilled occupations, but gradually filling other positions after training. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Dalgliesh Commission recommended that positions be filled with African workers only when vacant, so that no European workers were displaced. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1951 the NRMU signed an agreement with the AMU that any African worker replacing a white worker must be paid and housed to the same standard as the European employee. (wikipedia.org)