A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
Indian Ocean Islands
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, the islands of Great Comoro, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli, lying between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947. Except for Mayotte which remained French, Comoros became an independent republic in 1975. Comoros represents the Arabic qamar, moon, said by some scholars to be linked with the mystical Mountains of the Moon said to be somewhere in equatorial Africa. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p283 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p122)
One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
Indians, North American
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Oceans and Seas
El Nino-Southern Oscillation
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Sequence Analysis, DNA
The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Port Louis. It was discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, occupied by the Dutch 1598-1710, held by the French 1715-1810 when the British captured it, formally ceded to the British in 1814, and became independent in 1968. It was named by the Dutch in honor of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (1567-1625). (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p742 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p341)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
United States Indian Health Service
Indians, South American
Conservation of Natural Resources
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Scottish & Newcastle
Africa; Hungary; Luxembourg; Indian Ocean; South and Central America and Asia. "Scottish & Newcastle to become Heineken UK". ... Indian JV with UB; US export business and other venture markets. Carlsberg acquired: Remaining 50% of Baltic Beverages Holdings ...
French Air and Space Force
Réunion, Indian Ocean. BA 188 Djibouti, Africa. Mixed units. Air elements Libreville/Gabon. Air elements N'Djamena/Chad. Mixed ... French North Africa). The decree of 14 July 1991 reduced the air regions to three: « RA Atlantic », « RA Mediterranean » and « ...
2013 Malagasy general election
"Madagascar: Rajoelina could throw in the towel of the Malagasy presidential race". Indian Ocean Times. 5 August 2013. Archived ... In 2012 the African Union demanded that both top candidates - Rajoelina and Ravalomanana - withdraw their candidature. ... "Madagascar Sets May 8 to Hold Elections". Africa Elections Project. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013. "Madagascar : ... "Madagascar Postpones General Elections". African Elections Project. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013. "Polls close in ...
High Transitional Authority
"Madagascar: Rajoelina could throw in the towel of the Malagasy presidential race". Indian Ocean Times. 5 August 2013. Archived ... Razafison, Rivonala (29 October 2011). "Madagascar: Rajoelina appoints a 'consensus' prime minister". Africa Review. National ... was signed by opposition leaders that was backed by the Southern African Development Community, or SADC. This resolution aimed ... Minister of Fishery and Ocean Resources Olga Vaomalala Ramaroson, Minister of Population Andriamanjato Ny Hasina, Minister of ...
"Filipe Nyussi". The Indian Ocean Newsletter. 29 March 2008. "Filipe Nyussi toma hoje posse como Ministro da Defesa". Imensis ( ... "Manuel Chang , Profile , Africa Confidential". www.africa-confidential.com. Retrieved 2 September 2020. "US Department of ... "Mozambique". Africa South of the Sahara (33rd ed.). Europa Publications. 2003. pp. 741-68. ISBN 978-1-85743-183-4. Retrieved 18 ... He is also a lecturer at the Nampula campus of the Universidade Pedagógica, a fellow of the Africa Leadership Initiative, and a ...
Indian Ocean Daily News. Retrieved 22 June 2013. Anderson, Ian (2000). "Ocean Music from Southeast Africa". The Rough Guide to ... A 2012 study published in the Indian Ocean Daily News found that Samoëla had the seventh most "likes" of any Malagasy artist ... 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East. London: Rough Guides. pp. 523-532. ISBN 9781843535515. Didier, Mauro; Raholiarisoa, ... "African pop". He blends elements of traditional Malagasy music such as southern vocal harmonies and 6/8 rhythms with hip-hop, ...
Release of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi
"News > World News > Africa and Indian Ocean > Libya News > US senator calls for investigation into Scotland's decision to free ... A letter in support of MacAskill's decision was sent to the Scottish Government on behalf of former South African President ... commercial opportunities in the North African country. In the days following Megrahi's release and return to Libya, speculation ...
This marine species occurs off South Africa; in the Indian Ocean; off Hong Kong. "Cythara glareosa". Gastropods.com. Retrieved ...
Michael Pearson (historian)
Freitag, Ulrike (17 December 2004). "The Indian Ocean (review)". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 67 (3 ... The Indian Ocean (2003) India and the Indian Ocean (1999) The Swahili Coast, India and Portugal in the Early Modern Era (1998) ... Michael N. Pearson (born 1941) is an historian and academic known for his studies on the Indian Ocean. He currently serves as ... Pious Passengers: the Hajj in Earlier Times (1994). "The Indian Ocean (Routledge)". Routledge. Retrieved 26 June 2020. ...
Africa-India relations Reade (28 October 2013). Indian Ocean In Antiquity. ISBN 9781136155314. http://mea.gov.in/Portal/ ... The Indian community in Djibouti is around 600 people, the oldest Indian community is Gujarati traders. On 31 January 1989, the ... The port of Adulis was the hub of maritime trade where Indian seafarers traded spices and silk for gold and ivory. Djiboutian ... Indian nationals can apply for e-visa or obtain visa on arrival in Djibouti. ...
William Gervase Clarence-Smith
doi:10.2307/2165729.; Review: Indian Ocean Slave Trade: The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century ... "Slavery in Africa and the Slave Trades from Africa". The American Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 97 (2): 465-468. ... The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century, ISBN 978-1138968318 The Economics of the Indian Ocean ... He is an associate of the Indian Ocean World Centre. He is a member of the London Middle East Institute, the Centre of Iranian ...
42 (3). Vink, Marcus (2014). "Indian Ocean Debt Slavery". Journal of African History. 55 (3). Kurt A. Raaflaub, The Discovery ... "Indian Ocean Networks and the Transmutations of Servitude: The Protector of Indian Immigrants and the Administration of Freed ... 78 (1). Campbell, Gwyn; Stanziani, Alessandro (2013). Bonded Labour and debt in the Indian Ocean World. Pickering & Chatto. ... In particular, the Indian indenture system was based on debt bondage by which an estimated two million Indians were transported ...
The Indian Ocean Newsletter. Indian Ocean Information and Documentation Bank (B.I.D.O.I.). 2006. "AUB Pressemitteilungen / AUB ... ISBN 978-3-631-55543-9. Department, African Union Economic Affairs; Affairs, African Union Commission Department of Economic ( ... From 2004 to 2007, she was Director for African Affairs at the Federal Foreign Office. From 2007, she was a guest lecturer at ... she studied African studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From 1983 to 1984, she taught English. and worked in the ...
Aviation; Travel; Africa, Conservation News-DAILY from Eastern; isl, the Indian Ocean; s (2020-05-25). "Meet ATCNews' latest ...
Journal of African History, 32 (1991), p. 181 Julian Reade (ed.) (2013). Indian Ocean In Antiquity. Routledge. p. 449. ISBN ... In December 2004, Hafun was struck by a tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. It was the most affected area on ... Hafun was struck directly by Cyclone Gati as a Category 2 equivalent cyclone or a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm in Indian Ocean ... strategically located on the trade route that spanned the length of the Indian Ocean's rim. Merchants from as far afield as ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Muaritius- Raouf Bundhun". The Indian Ocean Newsletter. African Intelligence. 23 ... The Indian government honoured him with the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award in 2006. Bhisma Dev Seebaluck (2010). On the Wings ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Profile at Overseas Indian. ... General Assembly of India in 1975 and member of the delegation which participated in Summit of the Organisation of Africa Unity ...
Molly Germaine Prempeh
Aviation; Travel; Africa, Conservation News-DAILY from Eastern; isl, the Indian Ocean; s (2015-04-19). "It is Carnival time in ...
ISBN 1-58826-227-8. "Clement Wani, Philindalu Longer Aywil, Theophilus Ochang, Riek Gai". The Indian Ocean Newsletter. 2003-04- ... Joshua Forrest (2004). Subnationalism in Africa: ethnicity, alliances, and politics. Lynne Rienner Publishers. ...
Indian Ocean Information and Documentation Bank. p. 70. Retrieved 25 February 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 ... Uwechue, Ralph (1991). Africa Who's Who. Africa Journal Limited. p. 302. ISBN 0903274175. Retrieved 16 January 2015. CS1 maint ... The Indian Ocean Newsletter. 25 September 2004. Retrieved 10 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Somali National ... African Historical Dictionaries Historical Dictionaries of Africa) - PDF Free Download". epdf.pub. ...
ISBN 978-0-8103-9880-1. The Indian Ocean Newsletter. Indian Ocean Information and Documentation Bank (B.I.D.O.I.). 2002. ... Africa. Routledge. 2006. p. 357. ISBN 978-0-415-39822-0. Africa Research Bulletin: Political, social, and cultural series. ... ISBN 978-2-8111-0824-3. Kitchen, Helen A. (1962). The Educated African: A Country by Country Survey of Educational Development ... ISBN 978-0-939994-82-3. Thompson, Virginia; Richard Adloff (1968). Djibouti and the Horn of Africa. Stanford University Press. ...
... a better Africa tomorrow. Retrieved 2019-12-04. "DJIBOUTI : Saïd Del Wais left alone at helm of HALT Group". The Indian Ocean ... Bank, African Development (2019-04-26). "La Banque africaine de développement engagée dans la promotion et l'égalité de genre à ... In May 2015 Djibah launched the project SIHA (Strategic Initiative for the Horn of Africa) designed to support and reinforce ... Djibah gave up her 25% shareholding in the Horn of Africa Logistics and Trading Group, after public scrutiny. "Gender Justice ...
Tarachodidae: Africa, Madagascar & Indian Ocean Is., India. *Thespidae: Neotropical, India, Indo-China through to PNG ... "Siyabona Africa: Kruger National Park: San". Siyabona Africa. Retrieved 30 June 2017.. ... Galinthiadidae: Sub-Saharan Africa. *Hymenopodidae: Africa, India, China, Indo-China, Borneo, PNG (now includes the Sibyllidae) ... The mantis was revered by the southern African Khoi and San in whose cultures man and nature were intertwined; for its praying ...
"Indian and Atlantic Ocean Volcanoes". Volcanoes of Africa. Archived from the original on 2008-02-10. Retrieved 2007-05-26. ...
Library of Congress Classification:Class L -- Education
Spanish Africa 681...............................................Libya 690.........................................Indian Ocean ...
This marine species occurs in the Red Sea and off East Africa; in the Eastern Indian Ocean; and off Fiji. Imbricaria pretiosa ( ... Kilburn R.N. (1974). Taxonomic notes on South African marine Mollusca (3): Gastropoda: Prosobranchia, with descriptions of new ...
Memory of the World Register - Asia and the Pacific
"The Indian Ocean Tsunami Archives". en.unesco.org. UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. Retrieved 8 May 2019. "Panji Tales ... "Asian-African Conference Archives". UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. "Borobudur Conservation Archives". unesco.org. UNESCO ... "Records of the Indian Indentured Labourers". UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. Retrieved 27 October 2018. "The I.A.S. Tamil ...
... exploring the maritime and terrestrial networks which linked the Indian Ocean and West Africa through the trade in cowrie ... "Indian Ocean - Sainsbury Research Unit". www.sru.uea.ac.uk. Retrieved 2021-03-30. "Bringing the Past to Print: Archaeology for ... Outputs include publications, two UNESCO briefings and a conference on the heritage of the western Indian Ocean organised with ... She is Professor in the Arts and Archaeology of Africa at the Sainsbury Research Unit for the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the ...
Horn of Africa Bulletin [Uppsala]. Vol. 10. Nos. 1-2. _____. January - December 1997. Vol. 9. Nos. 1-10. The Indian Ocean ... Horn of Africa Bulletin [Uppsala]. Vol. 10. Nos. 1-2. _____. January - December 1997. Vol. 9. Nos. 1-10. The Indian Ocean ... Lewis, I. M. (1 January 1998). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. ISBN 9781569021057. At the ... Lewis, I. M. (1 January 1998). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781569021057. ...
... encompasses the many diverse culinary traditions of the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar. Foods eaten in ... Africa portal Food portal African cuisine Agriculture in Madagascar List of African cuisines Espagne-Ravo (1997), pp. 79-83 ... Khimo in particular, a dish based on the Indian keema, became a specialty of Mahajanga. Indian samosas (sambos) soon became a ... The Indian Ocean in Antiquity. London: British Museum. pp. 417-438. ISBN 978-0-7103-0435-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on ...
Demographics of the Comoros
Small numbers of Indians, Malagasy, South Africans, and Europeans (mostly French) live on the islands and play an important ... By comparison, estimates of the population density per square kilometer of the Indian Ocean's other island microstates ranged ... This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2006 edition". Indian Ocean : five ... The Comorians (Arabic: القمري) inhabiting Grande Comore, Anjouan, and Mohéli (86% of the population) share African-Arab ...
... s and workplace democracy in Africa (Routledge, 2016).. *Kjellberg, Anders. "The Decline in Swedish Union Density ... British Indian Ocean Territory. *Christmas Island. *Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *Hong Kong. *Macau ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... "Trade Unionism in Colonial Africa" Journal of Modern African Studies, 4 (1966), pp. 65-81 ...
Arya Samaj in Singapore
British Indian Ocean Territory. *Christmas Island. *Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *Hong Kong. *Macau ... Vidyalankar, Nardev; Manohar Somera (1975). Arya Samaj and Indians abroad. New Delhi, India: Sarvadeshik Arya Pratinidhi Sabha ...
Αμινά Γκουρίμπ - Βικιπαίδεια
Grand Commander of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean. Honorary doctoral degree of the Pierre and Marie Curie ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F.. African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of ... Medicinal Plants of the Indian Ocean Islands (2004). *Guide illustré de la Flore de Maurice et des îles de l'Océan Indien (2004 ... Towards a better undersatnding of Trees and Shrubs of Mauritius and the Indian Ocean Islands (2009) ...
Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (African Union). *Pasteur Institute (in Cambodia) ...
List of political parties in China
British Indian Ocean Territory. *Christmas Island. *Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *Hong Kong. *Macau ... China-Africa relations. *China-Caribbean relations. *China-European Union relations. *China-Pacific relations ...
Africa's collision with Asia created the Mediterranean, cutting off the remnants of the Tethys Ocean. During the Pleistocene, ... warm water spreading from the west Pacific and the Indian Ocean to the east Pacific, and other El Niño markers. ... Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. 200,000 BP, left Africa ... Clark, JD, Variability in primary and secondary technologies of the Later Acheulian in Africa in Milliken, S and Cook, J (eds ...
"The status of octopus fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean". Retrieved 18 June 2017.. ... Mather, J. A.; Anderson, R. C.; Wood, J. B. (2010). Octopus: The Ocean's Intelligent Invertebrate. Timber Press. ISBN 978-1- ... Some species are adapted to the cold, ocean depths. The spoon-armed octopus (Bathypolypus arcticus) is found in abyssal plains ... Octopuses inhabit various regions of the ocean, including coral reefs, pelagic waters, and the seabed; some live in the ...
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
... a group of volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, southeast of Africa, approximately equidistant between Africa, ... The islands in the Indian Ocean are supplied by the special ship Marion Dufresne sailing out of Le Port in Réunion Island. ... Crozet Islands (Îles Crozet), a group in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Madagascar; ... and the Kerguelen Islands in the southern Indian Ocean near 43°S, 67°E, along with Adélie Land, the sector of Antarctica ...
East New York, Brooklyn
However, now East New York is more diversified, with large African American, Puerto Rican, Dominican, West Indian, and South ... "East New York African Burial Ground officially recognized". amsterdamnews.com. Retrieved January 20, 2016.. ... "Citywide African Burial Grounds Gain Recognition," Our Time Press, October 31 - November 6, 2013, p.10. ... African Burial Ground Square was designated in 2013 after remains were found some years earlier between New Lots and Livonia ...
Corruption in Malaysia
British Indian Ocean Territory. *Christmas Island. *Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *Hong Kong. *Macau ...
Bengal famine of 1943
... and Southern Africa-everywhere in the Indian Ocean but to India. Those assignments show a will to punish." In contrast, Tauger ... Datta, V. N. (2002). "The Cripps Mission, Its Failure and Significance". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Indian ... Main articles: Japanese conquest of Burma, Indian Ocean raid, and Arakan Campaign 1942-43 ... "In the Indian Ocean alone from January 1942 to May 1943, the Axis powers sank 230 British and Allied merchant ships totaling ...
Indian Ocean trade and Han China. Although Ge Hong was the first writer of traditional Chinese medicine who accurately ... Western African Ebola (2013-2016). *DR Congo Ebola (2014). *Madagascar plague (2014) ... The plague affected Roman culture and literature and may have severely affected Indo-Roman trade relations in the Indian Ocean. ... William H. Schoff (2004) . Lance Jenott (ed.). "'The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Indian Ocean ...
List of birds of Uzbekistan
Indian paradise flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradisi. Laughingthrushes and allies. Order: Passeriformes Family: ... They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of ... British Indian Ocean Territory. *Christmas Island. *Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *Hong Kong. *Macau ... Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are ...
... in the Indian Ocean Sanctuary, 1772-1986 in Cetaceans and cetacean research in the Indian Ocean Sanctuary. UNEP Marine Mammal ... A pair of pygmy right whales were retained in an enclosed area (with nets); they were eventually released in South Africa. ... The Indian Ocean whale sanctuary takes up all of the Indian Ocean south of 55°S. The IWC is a voluntary organization, with ... The IWC has designated two whale sanctuaries: the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary, and the Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary. The ...
Aslanian, Sebouh (2011). From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New ... John A. Shoup III (17 October 2011). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 159. ISBN 978-1 ... Shoup, John A. (2011). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598843637. .. ... Incorporated, Facts On File (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. Infobase Publishing. ISBN ...
... s are found on reefs in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans and the Caribbean Sea. They form extensive ... and pollutants into the oceans and stressing the fragile reef ecosystem. Overfishing has 'knock-on' effects that result in the ... African coral reefs. *Amazon Reef. *Andros, Bahamas. *Belize Barrier Reef. *Coral Sea Islands ...
Wikipedia:Makala za msingi za kamusi elezo/Zote 1000, kamusi elezo huru
Indian Ocean * sw:Indian Ocean. Indonesia * sw:Indonesia. Inductor * sw:Inductor. Indus River * sw:Indus River. Industrial ... Africa * sw:Africa. African Union * sw:African Union. Age of Enlightenment * sw:Age of Enlightenment. Agriculture * sw:Kilimo. ... South Africa * sw:South Africa. South America * sw:South America. South Korea * sw:South Korea. South Pole * sw:South Pole. ... Ocean * sw:Ocean. Oceania * sw:Oceania. Olympic Games * sw:Olympic Games. One Thousand and One Nights * sw:One Thousand and One ...
... in the Western Indian Ocean - Regional Linkages and Disjunctures Neil Carrier et Lisa Gezon, 42-43 , 2009 : Plantes et ... The plant however is widely available and legal in East Africa, some African nations on the other hand such as South Africa ... South AfricaEdit. In South Africa, Catha edulis is a protected tree. ... and Kafta in its endemic regions of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.:4-5 In the African Great Lakes ...
Field Museum of Natural History
Bodry-Sanders, P (1990). Carl Akeley: Africa's collector, Africa's savior. New York: Paragon House. pp. 289 pp.. ... Indian Gazelle Mammals of Asia Indian Rhinoceros Mammals of Asia Indian Sambar Mammals of Asia ... Akeley, C (1920). In Brightest Africa. Garden City Publishers.. *^ Field, S (1943). Address of Mr. Stanley Field, president of ... Animal exhibitions and dioramas such as Nature Walk, Mammals of Asia, and Mammals of Africa that allow visitors an up-close ...
AfricaEdit. In 1999, the first program for music therapy in Africa opened in Pretoria, South Africa. Research has shown that in ... In Indian Context. ISBN 978-81-89973-69-8 *^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved July 17 ... The Remo Ocean Disk, a round musical instrument that mimics the fluid sounds of the womb, has been shown to benefit decreased ... Stone, Ruth (2005). Music in West Africa : Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. New York: Oxford University.. [page needed] ...
Africa 36.7 1,216 0186,987,000 - Nigeria 21,000,000 - Lagos Europe 72.9 738 0145,939,000 - Russia;. approx. 112 million in ... The greater number of men is possibly due to the significant sex imbalances evident in the Indian and Chinese populations.[ ... could result in oceans containing more plastic than fish by weight. In November 2017, a statement by 15,364 scientists ... Africa Europe Latin America/Caribbean Northern America Oceania 2000 6,144 3,741 (60.9%) 811 (13.2%) 726 (11.8%) 522 (8.5%) 312 ...
Kenneth R. Hall (2008). Secondary Cities and Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, C. 1400-1800. Lexington Books. pp. 159 ... Kenneth R. Hall (2008). Secondary Cities and Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, C. 1400-1800. Lexington Books. pp. 161 ... 2008). Secondary Cities and Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, C. 1400-1800. Volume 1 of Comparative urban studies. ... Hall (1 January 1955). Secondary Cities & Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, c. 1400-1800. Lexington Books. pp. 159-. ...
... there were no African-American contestants for fifty years (African-Americans appeared in musical numbers as far back as 1923, ... Davuluri was also the first Indian-American and second Asian-American to win the crown. Shortly after her win, however ... Ocean City, Camden, Newark, New York, and Philadelphia. The 16-year-old winner from Washington, D.C., Margaret Gorman, was ... In 1970, however, Cheryl Browne, Miss Iowa 1970, competed as the first African-American contestant in the Miss ...
argue that these individuals were from the Indian Ocean area. They also suggest that these individuals were Muslims. Cox et al ... Steyne, Maryna (1997). "A Reassessment of the Human Skeletons from K2 and Mapungubwe (South Africa)". The South African ... One example of how these changes have been used to study activities is the New York African Burial Ground in New York. This ... argue that these individuals represent enslaved persons from areas of Africa where C4 plants are consumed and who were brought ...
Mineola, New York
It was in 1858 when this land was named after an Algonquin Indian Chief, Miniolagamika meaning, "Pleasant Village". The name ... African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more ... later he landed in Paris and became the first person to complete a solo flight from the United States across the Atlantic Ocean ... African American, 0.29% Native American, 4.52% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.93% from other races, and 3.79% from two or ...
Viestad A (2007). Where Flavor Was Born: Recipes and Culinary Travels Along the Indian Ocean Spice Route. San Francisco: ... Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962). Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E & S Livingstone.. ... Mahdi W (1999). "The Dispersal of Austronesian boat forms in the Indian Ocean". In Blench R, Spriggs M (eds.). Archaeology and ... "Ocean. Linguist. 52 (2): 493-523. doi:10.1353/ol.2013.0016.. *^ Zanariah U, Nordin NI, Subramaniam T (2015). "Ginger Species ...
Lakes and oceans contain many single-celled organisms called phytoplankton. Under certain conditions, particularly when ... 2008). "β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) in novel South African cyanobacterial isolates". Ecotoxicology and Environmental ... Cyanobacteria are found almost everywhere; in oceans, lakes and rivers as well as on land. They flourish in Arctic and ... which has little water exchange with the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean. It is consequently one of the more polluted bodies of ...
Political positions of Marine Le Pen
Africa. Marine Le Pen claims that "while Africa struggles to find the ways of growth and thus future prosperity, while ... In a speech at the FN congress in Tours in January 2011, she noted that France is present in three oceans and is the second ... "Marine Le Pen on ACI TV (first West Indian TV in France)" (in French). Front National. 30 November 2010. Archived from the ... French-African relations are marred by an unforgivable misdemeanour: corruption". She argues for "a dialogue with Africa in ...
Youth Climate Movement
In March 2008, the Indian Youth Climate Network joined the Global Youth Climate Movement whilst in June 2008, the United ... These movements include the African Youth Initiative on Climate Change; Caribbean Youth Environmental Network; European Youth ... coalitions in Africa, China, Japan, Pacific Islands and South Asia have been established with the same mission statement as the ... Indian Youth Climate Network; Japan Youth Ecology League; Malaysian Youth Climate Justice Network; Nature and Youth Denmark; ...
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Our best offers to Africa - Indian Ocean
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US expands Indian Ocean toeholds in East Africa - CSMonitor.com
That stepped-up presence in the Indian Ocean has been achieved. A US diplomat in Kenya says: In the late 1970s we were not ... One sign is the steady improvements being made at US expense on port and air facilities in this steamy Indian Ocean port, where ... The US continues to rely principally on Diego Garcia as its main military foothold in the Indian Ocean. The United States has a ... by US defense planners in late 1979 that not enough attention was being paid to the strategic importance of the Indian Ocean. ...
Africa in the Indian Ocean | Brill
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Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa | EurekAlert! Science News
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Western Indian Ocean marine fish biogeography and phylogeography » The South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
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Stable Isotopes in East African Short Precipitation Record Indian Ocean Zonal Mode | EPIC
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The phylogeography, epidemiology and determinants of Maize streak virus dispersal across Africa and the adjacent Indian Ocean...
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2017West AfricaTanzaniaKenyaMadagascarIndiaEASTERN AFRICAMozambiqueSeychelles2018AmericaContinentSomaliaZimbabweArchaeologicalMauritiusNamibiaWorld'sEthiopiaKwaZulu-NatalSierra LeoneCameroonJohannesburgMaritimeChadSoutheastern2016EastMaghrebAngola1850TunisiaMOROCCOMountainsAsiaArchaeologyNigeriaIslandsDurbanRegionallyWestern Indian OceanRegionsCoastAtlanticHoloceneMigrationHornCountriesWorldWidelyRoutesSlave TradePeoplesBotswanaComprises
- In a paper published August 17, 2017 in the journal PLOS ONE , an international team of researchers, led by Director Nicole Boivin of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, used new techniques to analyze ancient DNA and proteins from 496 bone samples from 22 island, coastal and inland sites in eastern Africa. (eurekalert.org)
- New for 2017 is Mambeti, a safari lodge with six en-suite villas, which is helping to open up Liuwa, one of Africa's most remote national parks. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Bringing you the latest news from around Africa on Thursday 30 November 2017 and every weekday at bbc.com/africalive . (bbc.co.uk)
- The WHO issues regular updates on the outbreak, which is the first ever in west Africa and the deadliest since Ebola was discovered in the 1970s. (yahoo.com)
- Tanzania being one of the only African country to have kept its borders open. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Our projects span the natural diversity that is Africa-from the rich tropical forests of Nouabalé Ndoki deep in the Central Congo Basin to the remote and rugged savannahs of Ruaha in southern Tanzania. (wcs.org)
- 4. The East African Community which consisted of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda has been joined by Burundi and Rwanda. (docplayer.net)
- Photoalbum: Serengeti with dark storm clouds, Tanzania, Africa Author: G nter LenzDate: 2010-07-08 Royalty Free photo versions - Maximum available size: 1. (tradebit.com)
- Whether you stick to the Arab nations north of the Sahara Desert, Western African countries like Ghana and the Ivory Coast, or the Indian Ocean beaches of Tanzania and Mozambique, Africa is a world of destinations in a single continent. (usatoday.com)
- Whether you take a guided tour through Mount Kenya National Park or spot giraffes at the base of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, wildlife in this part of Africa is literally everywhere. (usatoday.com)
- Focus countries include South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania and Seychelles as case studies to inform national and regional engagement on EbA responses. (saiia.org.za)
- The Southern African Roll Back Malaria Network (SARN) will hold its first meeting, 22-23 February 2007 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (fightingmalaria.org)
- Mombasa, Kenya - The United States is gaining a firmer military toehold in East Africa. (csmonitor.com)
- A US diplomat in Kenya says: ''In the late 1970s we were not active (in the Indian Ocean). (csmonitor.com)
- And last year's coup bid in Kenya shook what seemed to be a rock of stability in East Africa. (csmonitor.com)
- Persistence of MSV-A was highest in source locations that include Zimbabwe, followed by South Africa, Uganda, and Kenya. (uwc.ac.za)
- Photografie: Thunderstorm brewing over the Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya, East Africa, Africa, PublicGround Author: Martin MoxterDate: 2011-10-18 Roy. (tradebit.com)
- Andrew Mwangura, the head of the East African Seafarers Assistance Programme said that the MV Sakoba had a Spanish captain and 15 other crew members from Kenya, Poland, Senegal, Cape Verde and Namibia. (france24.com)
- This facilitation meeting for English speaking African countries is designed to help create stronger proposals for the Global Fund's Round 7 grant process, and will take place from March 26-29 in Nairobi, Kenya. (fightingmalaria.org)
- The four sovereign Indian Ocean states of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles, the two French overseas departments of Mayotte and Reunion, as well as the British colony of BIOT (Chagos), all form part of Africa. (brill.com)
- Storms during the season impacted the Mascarene Islands, Seychelles, Madagascar, and countries in southeastern Africa. (wikipedia.org)
- The Influenza Program continues to expand surveillance and pandemic preparedness capacity regionally through cooperative agreements (in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Mozambique, and Zambia) and through the WHO and partners in neighboring countries (in Malawi, Republic of Congo, and Indian Ocean countries). (cdc.gov)
- Th odore-Adrien SARR, Archbishop of Dakar, First Vice-President of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (S.C.E.A.M. (vatican.va)
- Despite the recent high level visits to the region - Vice President Venkaiah Naidu to Comoros in October 2019, President Ram Nath Kovind visited Madagascar in March 2018- the western Indian Ocean continues to remain at the periphery of India's strategic calculations.It is also a blindspot for the Indian Navy with limited presence and engagements despite the region marked as a primary area of interest in its 2015 maritime security strategy. (carnegieindia.org)
- However, Delhi left behind a critical sub-region- the Western Indian Ocean and the islands of Madagascar and Comoros while formulating an Indian Ocean vision. (carnegieindia.org)
- Its failure to include Madagascar and Comoros, the other two sovereign islands in the Indian Ocean reflects the lack of an actual coherent strategy for the Indian Ocean at large. (carnegieindia.org)
- Instead of perceiving the reality of Madagascar and Comoros as island nations, the MEA perceives the islands through a continental perspective with coordination through the East and South Africa division along with other continental African states. (carnegieindia.org)
- All four islands (Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros) are members of the Indian Ocean Commission and the African Union, i.e. they belong to the same geographic location. (carnegieindia.org)
- There is no doubt that the political and economic environment in Madagascar and Comoros differ from its neighbouring Indian Ocean islands. (carnegieindia.org)
- Gondwana itself broke up as South America , Antarctica and Australia rifted away from Africa (though India and Madagascar remained attached to each other). (mcgill.ca)
- Beach sands rich in heavy minerals and offshore placer deposits are actively exploited by bordering countries, particularly India, South Africa, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. (cia.gov)
- General Motors' second-quarter net profit fell more than 40 percent as the carmaker lost money on the sale of its European unit and took charges for restructuring in India and selling its business in South Africa. (phys.org)
- Ritika Prasad's volume Tracks of Change: Railways and Everyday Life in Colonial India is a refreshingly new addition to the historiography of colonial Indian railways. (history.ac.uk)
- It is a broken off piece of Gondwanaland, the former continent that split into Africa, South America, India, Australia and Antarctica. (angelfire.com)
- In 2004, the CHIKV East/Central/South African (ECSA) genotype moved from Africa to Indian ocean islands and India followed by a large epidemic in Southeast Asia. (cdc.gov)
- Now, domestic chickens and black rats can be added to this list, with their earliest introductions in eastern Africa dating to between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. (eurekalert.org)
- Archaeologists have been debating the timing, mechanisms and social contexts of the arrival of Asian plants and animals to eastern Africa for a long time," explains Dr. Boivin, senior author of the study. (eurekalert.org)
- To address this debate, the researchers analyzed bone samples from 22 sites in eastern Africa, in inland, coastal and island contexts. (eurekalert.org)
- The inception of agriculture in eastern Africa is a major topic of discussion among Africanist archaeologists, although very sparse evidence exists. (oxfordre.com)
- In addition to the origins of African domesticates, research in eastern Africa has concerned itself with questions of farming technologies from later archaeological and historical times to the present. (oxfordre.com)
- Cyclone Japhet struck southern Mozambique and produced widespread flooding in southeastern Africa, killing 25 people. (wikipedia.org)
- Its speakers were organized in towns and villages from southern Somalia to northern Mozambique, which developed into city-states when there were major upturns in international trade and were integrated in the wider Indian Ocean world. (oxfordre.com)
- Its speakers were organized in towns and villages from southern Somalia to Mozambique, which developed into a series of city-states when there were major upturns in international trade from the 1st century toward the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, and across the Indian Ocean from the 8th century, and they were integrated in that wider world. (oxfordre.com)
- It is home to one of the key chokepoints in the Indian Ocean- the Mozambique Channel. (carnegieindia.org)
- Additionally, the growing importance of Africa in Indo-Pacific engagements combined with potential natural gas reserves in the Mozambique Channel will only continue to raise the significance of this region in wider maritime security. (carnegieindia.org)
- Completing our tour of the best beach properties in East Africa we travel back up north to the Seychelles. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- Photografie: Approaching thunderstorm clouds, Seychelles, Africa, Indian Ocean Author: Werner LangDate: 2009-10-31 Maximum available size: 21 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
- Ten species had regionally cosmopolitan distributions in the West Indian Ocean and their occurrence in Seychelles was expected and confirmed. (springer.com)
- The Economic Exclusion Zone of Seychelles spans 1,374,000 km 2 within the West Indian Ocean with a total land mass of 459 km 2 . (springer.com)
- The elite of the travel industry assembled for the World Travel Awards Africa & Indian Ocean Gala Ceremony 2018 at the Durban International Convention Centre to find out who amongst them would be crowned best of the best. (worldtravelawards.com)
- NASA's Suomi NPP satellite collected this natural-color image which detected thousands of fires burning in Central Africa on January 15, 2018. (nasa.gov)
- Spices products are most popular in Africa, Mid East, and South America. (alibaba.com)
- Along the lush sea-islands and the Atlantic coastal plains of the southern East coast of America, a distinctive group of tidewater communities has stuck together throughout the centuries, preserving its African cultural heritage and carving out a lifestyle that is uniquely its own. (cnn.com)
- New research by the Sea Around Us- Indian Ocean at the University of Western Australia, and the Sea Around Us and the Fisheries Economics Research Unit at the University of British Columbia builds on reconstructed catch and economic data to synthesize the main catch and landed value characteristics over the last 65 years generated by fisheries in the seven Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) that surround the African continent. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- The situation becomes more troublesome if we take into consideration that most industrial fleets operating around the continent are majority-owned by foreign companies, which means that non-African countries are just engulfing the little that is left," said Prof Dirk Zeller, lead author of the study and director of the Sea Around Us - Indian Ocean at the University of Western Australia. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Total reconstructed marine fisheries catches (A) and landed values (i.e., fishers' revenues) of total catches (B) in the seven Large Marine Ecosystems surrounding the African continent for 1950 to 2014. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Figure 2: Total reconstructed marine fisheries catches for the seven Large Marine Ecosystems surrounding the African continent for 1950 to 2014, by geographic origin of the fishing fleets. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website . (bbc.co.uk)
- Home to more than one billion people, Africa is a continent of varied landscapes -- ecologically, culturally, linguistically and otherwise. (usatoday.com)
- Even before it took the global stage in 2010 when it hosted the World Cup, South Africa stands out from the rest of the continent largely because of modern, international cities like Johannesburg and Cape Town. (usatoday.com)
- Buy here antique maps of the continent of Africa, its regions and rivers, and old prints of its peoples, landscapes, tribes & animals. (antiquemapsandprints.com)
- Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. (phys.org)
- The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. (phys.org)
- Europe is not an island nor a country but a continent which is located Eastward from the U.S. is divided by the North Atlantic ocean. (answers.com)
- Europe is a large peninsula on the western end of the Eurasian continent, and is located directly north of the African continent, separated from Africa by the Mediterranean Sea. (answers.com)
- The African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) is a coalition of 40 African Heads of State with a common goal: to bring malaria deaths to near zero across the continent by 2015. (fightingmalaria.org)
- The African Economic Outlook is the only annual report that monitors in detail the economic performance of 53 individual countries on the continent, using a strictly comparable analytical framework. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
- The Major Concentration African Studies provides students with an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the African continent. (mcgill.ca)
- Note that the small African coastal area (north coast of Somalia and Djibouti) covered by the Arabian Sea LME is excluded here. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Phylogeographic analyses revealed that MSV-A first emerged in Zimbabwe around 1938 (95% HPD 1904 - 1956), and its dispersal across Africa and the adjacent Indian Ocean Islands was achieved through approximately 34 migration events, 19 of which were statistically supported using Bayes factor (BF) tests. (uwc.ac.za)
- Photography: Devil's Cataract, Victoria Falls, Victoria Falls National Park, Zimbabwe, Africa Author: Herbert KratkyDate: 2009-09-26 Maximum available siz. (tradebit.com)
- African Archaeological Review publishes articles on African archaeology, highlighting the contributions of the region as they relate to key global issues. (springer.com)
- African Archaeological Review aims to publish quality reviews of books, edited volumes, documentaries, and databases published in traditional or new media, and covering any aspect of African archaeology and related fields. (springer.com)
- The Nature of Heritage: The New South Africa is unique in revealing the conflicts inherent in preserving both natural and cultural heritage, by examining the archaeological, ethnographic and economic evidence of a nation's attempts to master its past and its future. (wiley.com)
- Much more work needs to be done on the osteology of Sangas and of cattle remains from archaeological sites in Africa, but if this model proves to be correct African cattle should be regarded as a taxon of equal status to Bos taurus and Bos indicus . (springer.com)
- Port Louis, Mauritius, Jul 3 2014 (IPS) - Nasseem Ackbarally reports from Port Louis Mauritius that despite clear evidence of climate change, the Indian Ocean Islands have not done much in terms of adaptation and mitigation. (ipsnews.net)
- NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean and saw Tropical Cyclone Berguitta moving southwest toward the island of Mauritius. (nasa.gov)
- Royalty free photos: Namtib Lodge in the Tiras mountains, Namibia, Africa Author: Christian HandlDate: 2008-07-08 Maximum available size: 18.5 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
- Photo: Evening mood at the edge of the Namib Desert near Sesriem after rainfall, Namibia, Africa Author: Christian HandlDate: 2008-07-04 Maximum available. (tradebit.com)
- Photo Gallery: Sand dunes near Sesriem with morning fog, Namibia, Africa Author: Christian HandlDate: 2008-07-05 Maximum available size: 18.5 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
- Cape Fur Seals range along the southwestern and southern coasts of Africa, from Ilha dos Tigres in southern Angola, along the coast of Namibia to Algoa Bay in South Africa (Kirkman et al . (iucnredlist.org)
- It is a must, of course, but there are 19 national parks in South Africa, including two Tranfrontier Parks, shared with Botswana and Namibia. (responsibletravel.com)
- While the Maldives is a destination in its own right, the islands and beaches closer to mainland Africa combine brilliantly with a safari to make one of the world's best combination holidays. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- Today the Indian Ocean provides about a quarter of the world's tuna catch, much of it caught by longline and purse seine fishing. (greenpeace.org)
- IC Publications is one of the world's leading sources of analysis and debate on African political and economic issues. (africanbusinessmagazine.com)
- Over the past year, Atalanta and several other multinational naval missions have curbed piracy in the Gulf of Aden -- one of the world's busiest maritime trade routes -- but sea bandits have since ventured further south into less heavily-patrolled areas of the Indian Ocean. (france24.com)
- The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's five oceans (after the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean, but larger than the Southern Ocean and Arctic Ocean). (cia.gov)
- An estimated 40% of the world's offshore oil production comes from the Indian Ocean. (cia.gov)
- While it is advised, diplomatic passport holders, including United Nations and African Union personnel and their immediate families, may travel from Dubai to Ethiopia without a negative COVID-19 RT-PCR test certificate provided they undergo swab testing on arrival at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. (emirates.com)
- The African Red Sea Littoral, currently divided between Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Djibouti, is one of the poorest regions in the world. (palgrave.com)
- Just like South Africa, Ethiopia, too, stands on its own as a tourist destination. (usatoday.com)
- Great for the second or third time visitor to South Africa, this wonderful six night self-drive takes you through some of the stunning scenery in the KwaZulu Natal region, away from the crowds and the hustle and bustle of the major cities. (tropicalsky.co.uk)
- One of Africa s oldest game reserves and one of KwaZulu Natal s most celebrated birding areas, including southern bald ibis, jacana, violet-backed starling and African finfoot. (responsibletravel.com)
- The country members of the West African Council (Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone) undertake the international examinations West African Senior (WASSCE) which replaced the GCE (O and A Level). (docplayer.net)
- and East African cassava mosaic Cameroon virus, EACMCV). (uct.ac.za)
- The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. (eurekalert.org)
- The earliest confirmed samples of chickens and rats were found at open-air island port sites, suggesting the animals were introduced by traders engaged in the robust Indian Ocean maritime trade, and subsequently spread inland. (eurekalert.org)
- During the Medieval period (7th-15th century AD), maritime trade took off between this region and other areas of the Indian Ocean. (eurekalert.org)
- People living at these sites are known to have been engaged in maritime trade in the Indian Ocean at this time, and the finding suggests that chickens were introduced through these trade networks. (eurekalert.org)
- Maritime trade in the Indian Ocean appears to have intensified in the Medieval period, leading to an increase in such transfers. (thepoultrysite.com)
- AFP - Suspected Somali pirates have hijacked a Kenyan-flagged fishing boat with 16 crew which may be used as a "mother ship" to launch more attacks in the Indian Ocean, maritime sources said Tuesday. (france24.com)
- The East African coast is an interface between the continental world of Africa and the maritime world of the Indian Ocean, and the monsoons provided a convenient wind system to link them. (oxfordre.com)
- The East African coast, together with the Mediterranean coast of North Africa and the Atlantic, are the three maritime faces of Africa. (oxfordre.com)
- It is therefore an interface between the continental world of Africa and the maritime world of the Indian Ocean. (oxfordre.com)
- Keeping in mind the importance of geography for maritime power projection and naval dominance, there is little doubt about the rising significance of the islands in a new geo-political environment in the Indian Ocean. (carnegieindia.org)
- Her primary research focuses on maritime security in Asia and the role of the Indian Navy in a new security architecture. (carnegieindia.org)
- Chad borders the Indian Ocean. (britannica.com)
- The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) is a strategic sub-theatre of the Indian Ocean linking the Southeastern coast of Africa to the wider Indian Ocean and beyond. (carnegieindia.org)
- Since 2016, CHIKV has re-emerged in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. (cdc.gov)
- Still, political uncertainties in East Africa make the military toehold gained over the past three years a potentially slippery one, diplomatic sources point out. (csmonitor.com)
- The rats that were carried on ships to East Africa were likely major pests, and the simultaneous appearance on the coast of domestic cats, a pest-control species, was probably no accident. (thepoultrysite.com)
- The seashores and shallow seas of east Africa and the western Indian Ocean islands support an enormous diversity of life. (nhbs.com)
- Intra-strain recombination events 20, 25 and 33, were widely distributed amongst East African MSV-A samples, whereas events 16, 21 and 23, occurred more frequently within West African MSV-A samples. (uwc.ac.za)
- Although yellowfin tuna populations shrunk by a staggering 45% in the last ten years, they are now recovering somewhat as piracy in the East African region has reduced the size of fishing fleets working there. (greenpeace.org)
- Questions range from whether domestication was a local invention or whether it was introduced from the Near East, Asia, or elsewhere outside of Africa. (oxfordre.com)
- There is a definite congruence in the identities and customs that run from the East African coast to the Persian Gulf and Indian subcontinent. (contemporaryand.com)
- However, much of this discussion discredits the influences of discoveries, technologies, and socioeconomic factors on migration, especially along the East African Coast. (contemporaryand.com)
- Météo-France's meteorological office in Réunion (MFR) is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the South-West Indian Ocean, tracking all tropical cyclones from the east coast of Africa to 90° E. At the beginning of the season, the MFR moved the tropical cyclone year from August 1 to July 1. (wikipedia.org)
- The Indian Ocean provides major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. (cia.gov)
- the Horn of Africa, The Rift Valley and African Lakes, sub-Saharan Africa, East & Central Africa. (antiquemapsandprints.com)
- Italian East Africa & surrounding countries. (antiquemapsandprints.com)
- Paradise by Abdulrazak Gurnah, shortlisted for the 1994 Booker and Whitbread Prizes, is set in the decade before World War One, in the garden of a merchant's house on the coast of East Africa. (cntraveller.com)
- A climatic phenomenon of near-record intensity has contributed to two extremes on opposite sides of the Indian Ocean â€" torrential rain in East Africa and exceptionally dry conditions fuelling bushfires in Australia. (weatherzone.com.au)
- The pastoral Neolithic in East Africa. (springer.com)
- 1 The East African coast was inhabited by a littoral society that was best placed to play a leading role in economic, social, and cultural interaction, and even intermarriage, between the two worlds. (oxfordre.com)
- Historical Map of the East African Coast, 1596. (oxfordre.com)
- It is a huge country, with the Indian ocean to the east and Atlantic to the west. (scubatravel.com)
- There are spots right the way from Lamberts Bay on the west coast, Plettenberg Bay and Mossel Bay on the Garden Route, through to Algoa Bay ( Port Elizabeth ) on the east coast of South Africa whale watching in South Africa at its best. (sa-venues.com)
- The Tethys Seaway connected the tropical oceans east to west, which also helped equalize the global climate. (mcgill.ca)
- Photos: Cloudy sky over the Sahara in Douz, southern Tunisia, Tunisia, Maghreb, North Africa, Africa Author: DigfotoDate: 2010-09-22 Royalty Free photo ve. (tradebit.com)
- More than 20 000 Seventh-day Adventists gathered in Cento Despotiva Da Cidadela Stadium, in Luanda, Angola to launch: "Luanda forChrist," part of the initiative of the Southern Africa Indian Ocean Division to reach every major city with the life-changing truth about God's grace through Jesus Christ. (sidadventist.org)
- In Colonial Survey and Native Landscapes in Rural South Africa, 1850 - 1913, Lindsay Frederick Braun explores the technical processes and struggles surrounding the creation and maintenance of boundaries and spaces in South Africa in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (brill.com)
- Africa 1891: ALGERIA + TUNISIA: Vignette of Algiers. (antiquemapsandprints.com)
- Photographie: Sunset, Morocco, Africa Author: Olivier DigoitDate: 2008-10-22 Maximum available size: 18.3 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
- From the spice markets of Morocco to the Great Pyramids of Egypt, North Africa is a melange of contemporary Islam, former colonialism and, in the case of Egypt, the legacy of one of the greatest fallen civilizations of all time. (usatoday.com)
- Mountains, beaches and awe-inspiring wilderness will make this self-drive trip through South Africa your next unforgettable and inspiring experience, that will leave you spellbound and with stories full of magic and awe. (responsibletravel.com)
- Useable Past: What Can African Archaeology Tell Us About the Present? (springer.com)
- Lynn Meskell is Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University (USA) and Honorary Professor at the Rock Art Research Institute in the School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa). (wiley.com)
- In the past several years, U.S. airlines such as United and Continental have been building up their service to nations in Western Africa, such as Nigeria and Ghana. (usatoday.com)
- Commonly overlooked in the fields of African and international studies, this text traces the islands' history and explores their diverse contemporary social, political and economic trajectories. (brill.com)
- Richly sourced, this comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to Africa's Indian Ocean islands covers a significant lacuna. (brill.com)
- Outbreaks of the disease occur frequently and in an erratic fashion across Africa and Islands in the Indian Ocean causing devastating yield losses such that the emergence, resurgence and rapid diffusion of MSV-A variants in this region presents a serious threat to maize production, farmer livelihoods and food security. (uwc.ac.za)
- Sightings of vagrants are limited to one record from Gabon (Thibault 1999) and one from the Prince Edward Islands, South Africa (Kerley 1983). (iucnredlist.org)
- We applied Bayesian phylogeographic inference and recombination analyses to available and newly described CMG sequences to reconstruct a plausible history of CMG diversification and migration between Africa and South West Indian Ocean (SWIO) islands. (uct.ac.za)
- Phylogeographic analyses suggest that CMG's presence on these SWIO islands is probably the result of at least four independent introduction events from mainland Africa occurring between 1988 and 2009. (uct.ac.za)
- The Territory of the Cocos ( Keeling ) Islands , also called Cocos Islands ( / ˈ k oʊ k ə s / ) and Keeling Islands , is a territory of Australia, located in the Indian Ocean , southwest of Christmas Island and approximately midway between Australia and Sri Lanka . (archive.org)
- Engagements with the region, especially with the islands- given their geo-strategic location- could become key in supporting Indian naval presence as well as furthering Delhi's Indian Ocean engagement. (carnegieindia.org)
- The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) division in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) created under Modi led government in its first term is tasked with coordination of India's engagements with the Indian Ocean islands and the region at large. (carnegieindia.org)
- The independent islands are members of the African Union. (angelfire.com)
- Africa, as defined by the Peakbagger.com Range Classification Scheme, includes all the mid-oceanic islands of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. (peakbagger.com)
- That is why you see the high points of countries like Spain and Portugal (located on the Canary Islands and Azores, respectively) on a list of African countries. (peakbagger.com)
- Type locality: Pacific Ocean: French Polynesia, New Caledonia and the Ryukyu Islands (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 51). (algaebase.org)
- The finest travel brands in Africa and the Indian Ocean have been unveiled at a star-studded gala ceremony in Durban, South Africa. (worldtravelawards.com)
- Regionally in Central and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean island countries, the Influenza Program builds laboratory and epidemiological capacity for respiratory surveillance and integrates them into the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS). (cdc.gov)
Western Indian Ocean4
- Although ongoing surveys and taxonomic studies are advancing our knowledge of the biodiversity of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), our understanding of the origins of this diversity and of regional faunas, the relationship of these to the wider Indo-Pacific and of the historical and contemporary processes responsible for the distributions of diversity remains poor. (saiab.ac.za)
- The programme comprises complementary projects funded by the African Coelacanth Ecosystem Programme (ACEP) and the Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association's Marine Science for Management (WIOMSA-MASMA) directorate. (saiab.ac.za)
- This book examines how slave traders interacted with and resisted the British suppression campaign in the nineteenth-century western Indian Ocean. (palgrave.com)
- Dear Colin, This certainly has the look of a juvenile Hexabranchus [message # 14676 ], but I am glad you decided it wasn't, because this is a new find for the western Indian Ocean. (seaslugforum.net)
- But sadly that fishing capacity is now focusing on other tuna species in different regions of the Indian Ocean, and Albacore tuna is feeling the pressure. (greenpeace.org)
- The research illustrates which countries or geographic regions extract catches in each LME, with emphasis on African versus non-African fleets, examines potential fishing down the food web and time trends in the status of stocks, as well as presenting comprehensive fisheries economics data. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Yes, there is Kruger, and yes, it is incredible, but there are so many more habitats and regions to take into consideration when working out where to go on a South Africa wildlife holiday. (responsibletravel.com)
- We're about 200km off the coast of South Africa, sailing in the high seas of the Indian Ocean. (greenpeace.org)
- In this study, we show that fishing down the food web has occurred at some point in virtually all Large Marine Ecosystems, and still occurring in three of them that make up the West Coast of Africa, namely the Canary Current, Guinea Current and Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystems. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- Although the scope of the project is broad, and the study of any site along the coast of the Indian Ocean would suffice, the curators selected the town of Lamu and the city of Bandar Abbas. (contemporaryand.com)
- The disturbance was located at a low latitude near the equator, and a ridge extending from the eastern coast of Africa imparted a general west-southwest movement. (wikipedia.org)
- And we leave you with this photo of a woman taking part in a parade in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, which has been hosting the summit between African and European leaders this week. (bbc.co.uk)
- From the matriarchal river culture of Mali, Western Africa's largest nation, to the former French colony of Senegal, to the Ivory Coast, which is perhaps more notorious for its periodic civil wars than for its tourism industry, Western Africa is an intriguing combination of people who are racing toward the future and living in the past. (usatoday.com)
- If you're the type of tourist who's looking for a safari where you can see zebras, elephants and lions, then countries along Africa's eastern coast on the Indian Ocean are a good place to be. (usatoday.com)
- Africa 1919: English mariners on the GUINEA Coast. (antiquemapsandprints.com)
- 2001), possibly derived as a consequence of late Pleistocene/Holocene (~12,000 years before present) migration events from southern Africa to southern Australia via west-wind drift across the Indian Ocean (Deméré et al . (iucnredlist.org)
- Led by African merchants, African migration in the Indian Ocean region was a phenomenon that took place before colonialism. (contemporaryand.com)
- At its core, the project is a deconstruction of the idea that slavery was the primary force that led to African migration, a position associated with denial. (contemporaryand.com)
- Whilst our waters are home to a wealth of resident dolphins, porpoises and whales all year round it is the annual migration of the Humpback , Brydes and Southern right whale in particular, between June and November , that allows us to boast exceptional land-based, and boat-based, whale watching in South Africa. (sa-venues.com)
- The Greenpeace's ship, Rainbow Warrior, is on an expedition in the Indian Ocean to expose overfishing and to highlight the problems associated with excessive tuna fishing, unsustainable or illegal fishing practices, the lack of law enforcement, and the need for countries to cooperate and ensure that communities benefit from the wealth of their oceans in future. (greenpeace.org)
- African countries should focus on developing, enhancing and improving international, multilateral fisheries monitoring and enforcement efforts particularly aimed at controlling foreign fishing. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- This is a serious problem for both the domestic food security of these African countries and the global seafood supply driven by industrial and distant-water fishing fleets," said Prof Daniel Pauly, senior author of the study and principal investigator of the Sea Around Us at the University of British Columbia. (seaaroundus-io.org)
- 3 School Calendars: Africa and Indian Ocean Countries Country ALGERIA Examination at end of secondary schooling Calendar with a 15-day break in and another in March. (docplayer.net)
- The Influenza Program works bilaterally with ten countries in Central and Southern Africa and the WHO Regional Office for Africa. (cdc.gov)
- Can you name the largest African countries (by land area) in the categories below? (sporcle.com)
- This private island is one of the best beaches in Africa, if not the world, and the best example of barefoot luxury I have ever experienced. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- These findings offer important insights and additional evidence of the contact and interactions between the peoples of the Indian Ocean world. (eurekalert.org)
- How did a country with some of the most relaxed coronavirus measures in Africa manage to so far escape the kind of crisis which has visited many parts of the world? (telegraph.co.uk)
- The Seventh-day Adventist church in the Southern Africa Indian Ocean region commemorates another World AIDS Day. (sidadventist.org)
- This is the first scholarly series devoted to the study of the Indian Ocean world from early times to the present day. (palgrave.com)
- This volume examines Western India's contributions to the spread of ideas, beliefs and other intangible ties across the Indian Ocean world. (palgrave.com)
- Monsoon rains, winds, and currents have shaped patterns of production and exchange in the Indian Ocean world (IOW) for centuries. (palgrave.com)
- And it therefore seemed likely that others in the so-called developing world - Africans, for instance - might have been spared these illusions as well. (wired.com)
- Whale watching in South Africa is of the best in the world. (sa-venues.com)
- Combining a stay in iconic Cape Town with a trip on one of the most luxurious trains in the world, this six-night itinerary is perfect for those seeking a short holiday to South Africa, or to combine with the many other delights of this country. (tropicalsky.co.uk)
- Described as a world in one country, South Africa, with its breath-taking scenery offers travellers a once-in-a-lifetime experience. (responsibletravel.com)
- Unique and beautiful animal species can be found in South Africa and it is fundamental to protect and safeguard this world s heritage and wildlife habitat. (responsibletravel.com)
- Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. (algaebase.org)
- Genus: Begomovirus) CMD has been widely described throughout Africa and it is apparent that CMG's are expanding their geographical distribution. (uct.ac.za)
- S. campanulata is widely and commonly known as the African tulip tree, and has been introduced pan-tropically for its ornamental value. (cabi.org)
- Although these newly established air routes arguably exist more to help American businesses leverage the oil-producing power of the region, they also provide an opportunity for curious tourists to visit Western Africa. (usatoday.com)
- Mainstream conversations about the movement of people of African descent too often begin and end with the slave trade. (contemporaryand.com)
- History : This course stresses the interactions of the peoples of Africa with each other and with the worlds of Europe and Islam from the Iron Age to the European Conquest in 1880. (mcgill.ca)
- Photography: Okavango Delta, Botswana, Africa Author: Pete WalentinDate: 2009-05-02 Maximum available size: 18.1 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
- but it also comprises the western shores of the Indian Ocean (Figure 1 ). (oxfordre.com)
- Although not the be all and end all to wildlife in South Africa, as there is so much to the country than Kruger, it comprises almost 20,000km of habitats that are home to the Big Five and many more, over five hundred species of birds and a superb array of places to stay, from chic safari camps to remote lodges. (responsibletravel.com)