A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Phylogeny of a rapidly evolving clade: the cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi, East Africa. (1/271)

Lake Malawi contains a flock of >500 species of cichlid fish that have evolved from a common ancestor within the last million years. The rapid diversification of this group has been attributed to morphological adaptation and to sexual selection, but the relative timing and importance of these mechanisms is not known. A phylogeny of the group would help identify the role each mechanism has played in the evolution of the flock. Previous attempts to reconstruct the relationships among these taxa using molecular methods have been frustrated by the persistence of ancestral polymorphisms within species. Here we describe results from a DNA fingerprinting technique that overcomes this problem by examining thousands of polymorphisms distributed across the genome. The resulting dendrogram averages the evolutionary history of thousands of genes and should accurately reflect the evolutionary history of these species. Our tree resolves relationships among closely related Lake Malawi cichlids and provides insights into the pattern of speciation in this group. We demonstrate that adaptive divergence in trophic morphology played an important role during the early history of the lake. Subsequent species diversity has arisen with little change in trophic morphology, which suggests that other forces are responsible for the continued speciation of these fishes.  (+info)

Typing of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi C isolates from various countries by plasmid profiles and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. (2/271)

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of 61 Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi C isolates from six countries gave five distinct clusters. Twenty-four isolates from five countries were susceptible to 10 antimicrobials tested and gave similar restriction endonuclease digest patterns of the 38-MDa plasmid. In contrast, plasmid and PFGE profiles of 37 multidrug-resistant isolates from Zaire were different from those from other countries.  (+info)

Natural experimental models: the global search for biomedical paradigms among traditional, modernizing, and modern populations. (3/271)

During the past four decades, biomedical scientists have slowly begun to recognize the unique opportunities for studying biomedical processes, disease etiology, and mechanisms of pathogenesis in populations with unusual genetic structures, physiological characteristics, focal endemic disease, or special circumstances. Such populations greatly extend our research capabilities and provide a natural laboratory for studying relationships among biobehavioral, genetic, and ecological processes that are involved in the development of disease. The models presented illustrate three different types of natural experiments: those occurring in traditionally living, modernizing, and modern populations. The examples are drawn from current research that involves population mechanisms of adaptation among East African Turkana pastoralists; a search for etiology and mechanisms of pathogenesis of an emerging disease among the Yakut people of Siberia; and psychosocial stress, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in women working outside the home in New York City and among subpopulations in Hawaii. The models in general, and the examples in specific, represent natural laboratories in which relatively small intrapopulation differences and large interpopulation differences can be used to evaluate health and disease outcomes.  (+info)

Epidemiological uses of a population model for the tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus. (4/271)

The spatial and temporal risk of tick-borne disease depends fundamentally on the distribution, abundance and seasonal dynamics of the vector ticks. The latter factor exerts a major quantitative influence on the transmission dynamics of tick-borne parasites. The population model for Rhipicephalus appendiculatus applies throughout the range of this tick in eastern Africa, and predicts all three fundamental risk factors on the basis of the local temperature and rainfall conditions. Satellite imagery can provide more detailed, real-time measures of environmental conditions over extensive areas than climatic data. There is preliminary evidence to suggest that the population model could be driven by satellite-derived surrogates of its climatic predictors, thus providing wide-scale predictive risk maps of theileriosis.  (+info)

The origin and age of haplochromine fishes in Lake Victoria, east Africa. (5/271)

According to a widely held view, the more than 300 species of haplochromine cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria (LV), East Africa, originated from a single founder species in less than 12,000 years. This view, however, does not follow from the published geological and molecular evidence. The former does indeed suggest that the LV basin dried out less than 15,000 years ago, but it does not provide any information about the species that re-colonized the new lake or that remained in the rivers draining the area. The molecular evidence is inconclusive with respect to the origin of the LV haplochromines because cichlids from critical regions around LV were not adequately sampled; and as far as the age of the LV haplochromines is concerned, it in fact led to an estimate of 250,000-750,000 years old. In the present study, mitochondrial DNA (control region) variation was determined by heteroduplex and sequencing analyses of more than 670 specimens collected at widely distributed East African riverine and lacustrine localities. The analyses revealed the existence of seven haplogroups (I-VII) distinguishable by characteristic substitutions. All endemic LV samples tested fell into one of these haplogroups (V) which, however, was also found to be present at various other localities, both riverine and lacustrine, outside LV. Within this haplogroup, four subgroups (VA through VD) could be distinguished, two of which (VB and VC) were represented in LV and at other localities. The great majority of the LV haplochromine species could be classified as belonging to the VC subgroup, which was found only in LV and in the rivers draining into it. Hence, while the endemic haplochromine species of LV could not have originated from a single founding population, the lake does harbour a large species flock which probably arose in situ.  (+info)

Long term results of glaucoma surgery among participants in an east African population survey. (6/271)

AIM: To evaluate the long term results of glaucoma surgery among people in East Africa. METHODS: Participants in a population based survey of eye disease prevalence were offered glaucoma surgery using standardised criteria. Either surgical iridectomy or trabeculectomy was carried out as indicated by a medical officer or by one of two ophthalmologists. Trabeculectomy methods included releasable sutures and mitomycin C in the majority of eyes. Subjects were examined during the first week and 2 months after surgery. Nearly 3 years later, re-examination was carried out in those who were still resident in the region. RESULTS: Among 46 people who were offered iridectomy, trabeculectomy, or combined cataract extraction/lens implant/trabeculectomy, 21 people underwent surgery (46%). Of the 21, 19 were re-examined at 3 years (90%), including 16/18 eyes after trabeculectomy. Among these, intraocular pressure (IOP) declined from 29.9 (SD 9.4) mm Hg to 14.7 (5.9) mm Hg, with 16 of 18 eyes (89%) achieving a reduction > 25%. Hypotony maculopathy, late bleb leak, and late endophthalmitis were not detected. Visually significant cataract developed in 5/15 re-examined eyes that underwent trabeculectomy alone (33%), possibly associated with pre-existing cataract and diagnosis of angle closure glaucoma, but not with mitomycin C use. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of those with glaucoma among residents of rural African villages accepted the offer of surgical therapy. While technical success was achieved at satisfactory levels, the development of cataract must be considered an important issue for application of glaucoma surgical therapy programmes.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (7/271)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins. (8/271)

DNA from ancient human remains provides perspectives on the origin of our species and the relationship between molecular and morphological variation. We report analysis of mtDNA from the remains of 10 ancient Australians. These include the morphologically gracile Lake Mungo 3 [ approximately 60 thousand years (ka) before present] and three other gracile individuals from Holocene deposits at Willandra Lakes (<10 ka), all within the skeletal range of living Australians, and six Pleistocene/early Holocene individuals (15 to <8 ka) from Kow Swamp with robust morphologies outside the skeletal range of contemporary indigenous Australians. Lake Mungo 3 is the oldest (Pleistocene) "anatomically modern" human from whom DNA has been recovered. His mtDNA belonged to a lineage that only survives as a segment inserted into chromosome 11 of the nuclear genome, which is now widespread among human populations. This lineage probably diverged before the most recent common ancestor of contemporary human mitochondrial genomes. This timing of divergence implies that the deepest known mtDNA lineage from an anatomically modern human occurred in Australia; analysis restricted to living humans places the deepest branches in East Africa. The other ancient Australian individuals we examined have mtDNA sequences descended from the most recent common ancestor of living humans. Our results indicate that anatomically modern humans were present in Australia before the complete fixation of the mtDNA lineage now found in all living people. Sequences from additional ancient humans may further challenge current concepts of modern human origins.  (+info)

Climate change is going to have large effects on the production of livestock in eastern Africa. The impacts will come not just from the biophysical effects of climate change but also in the form of policies that will be formulated in reaction to global processes requiring national adaptation and mitigation interventions. There are multiple ways to frame livestock keeping in eastern Africa, leading to high levels of ambiguity. As researchers generate scientific evidence and policy makers seek to revise or generate policies, the role of science-policy interfaces is crucial in navigating the use of knowledge in policy formulation. Laura Cramers research will examine how scientific evidence is employed by knowledge-brokers and used to inform policies related to livestock and climate change in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. There is a growing emphasis on the use of science to inform policy, but the complexities of policy making processes are not always acknowledged. This research will look at the role ...
This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of One Health Central and Eastern Africa and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. © One Health Central and Eastern Africa 2018: All rights reserved.. ...
We report four novel KIR2DL2 alleles and two novel KIR2DL3 alleles identified from an East African population using sequence-based typing. Sequencing and molecular cloning of exon 4 confirmed that the new 2DL2 alleles were identical to 2DL2*003, except for the following nucleotide differences: 2DL2*00601 had a difference at codon 16 (CGC→CCC), resulting in a coding change from arginine to proline; 2DL2*00602 also had this difference at codon 16, as well as a synonymous difference (GAT→GAC) at codon 31; 2DL2*00303 had a synonymous difference (AAA→AAG) at codon 61; and 2DL2*00304 had a synonymous difference (GGG→GGA) at codon 75. 2DL3*017 was identical to 2DL3*005 except at codon 11 (CGG→CTG, arginine→leucine) and exon 9, codons 297 (CAC→CGC, histidine→arginine) and 321 (TGA→AGA, stop codon→arginine). 2DL3*00104 was identical to KIR2DL3*001 except for a synonymous difference (GAG→GAA) at codon 54. Identification of novel killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) alleles ...
Eastern African History by Robert O Collins starting at $1.37. Eastern African History has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Plans to lay an undersea fiber-optic cable off eastern Africa could be the beginning of the end of crackling long-distance calls, slow dial-up Internet connections and universities without e-mail. Four projects are in the works to link 22 eastern, central and southern African countries to the worlds network of submarine cables…
Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF) Director Abdillahi Omar Bouh told Xinhua in Nairobi that the 10-member regional standby force is set to have a council of ministers meeting in December in Sudan where the approval process could be activated ...
The climax of the Kenya education system is symbolized by university education. This reality was acknowledged by the big number of freshmen that joined the University of Eastern Africa, Baraton. The new students that were excited to be at the university received a great welcome from the Bara community and each one was ready to adopt the words once a Baratonian, always a Baraton.. The land of milk and eggs, the land where music is made or will we say composed, the land of great diversity, the home of peace and love, such are the great values that the students received from all the speakers.. ...
Ongadi, P.M., Lukuyu, B.A., Mpolya, E.A., Wang, M. and Chagunda, M.G.G. 2019. Year round feed and fodder availability in smallholder dairy farms across high and low altitude areas in Eastern Africa. Paper presented at the Tropentag 2019: Filling Gaps and Removing Traps for Sustainable Resource Management, University of Kassel, Kassel, Korir Germany, 18-20 September 2019 ...
This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa.
LEAD SEA works across the southern and eastern Africa region. LEAD SEA is formed of legally independent but related national organisations. Currently there are
We investigated the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT, namely mobile phones) in support of citizen agency and its potential in calling for authorities accountability. We focused on Eastern Africa and we used a mixed methodology, which allowed us to explore the current uses of ICT to strengthen accountability and to forecast the growth of mobile phones adaption in that region. Evidence from both analyses suggests that there are two main areas where citizen agency and ICT can reinforce each other in bottom-up and horizontal processes: participation and engagement of citizens, and the diffusion of information. ...
This is the current revision of Eastern Africa as edited by PhilipN (Talk , contribs) at 17:34, 1 January 2012. This URL is a permanent link to this version of this page ...
Extracts from Agricultural production and malaria resurgence in Central America and India by Georganne Chapin and Robert Wasserstrom published inNature Vol 293 17 September 1981 pages 181--185
Time: 6.00 - 8.30pm. The President Sister Cities International, Ms. Mary Kane, will preside over the official launch of the Eastern Africa Sister Cities (EASC) initiative on 29 February 2012. Participants to this event will include urban council and business leaders, as well as civil society members engaged in humanitarian activities in this region. My visit to Kenya and Ghana provides an excellent opportunity for Sister Cities International to support regional partners like Eastern Africa Sister Cities and Africa Global Sister Cities Foundation (Ghana) who are spreading the sister cities concept and helping local sister cities programs with their expertise and connections. My hope for the future is not only to see more sister city relationships between the U.S.A and Africa, but to see more sister cities develop between African countries so there is more regional cooperation, Said Ms. Mary Kane President and CEO, Sister Cities International.. The Eastern Africa Sister Cities (EASC) was ...
FAO-Sida report providing evidence and lessons learned from a climate adaptation pilot project in Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia.. With around 80 per cent of the population of the Eastern African region dependent on agriculture which is at risk from climate change impacts, particularly increasing water scarcity and more variable rainfall and seasonal patterns, countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia face a pressing need to implement climate adaptation measures. This report presents the evidence from a FAO-Sida supported pilot project within these three countries, which targeted intervention at strengthening community and individual producers adaptive capacity using different institutional training mechanisms tailored to each country-specific context. The paper is split into two parts. First, a planning framework for adaptation at the local level is presented, before project findings are outlined. Overall, the project demonstrated that a substantial boost in investment is needed, and that ...
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to explore the region of current-day Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique by sea, Vasco da Gama having visited Mombasa in 1498. Gamas voyage was successful in reaching India and this permitted the Portuguese to trade with the Far East directly by sea, thus challenging older trading networks of mixed land and sea routes, such as the spice trade routes that utilized the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and camel caravans to reach the eastern Mediterranean.. The Republic of Venice had gained control over much of the trade routes between Europe and Asia. After traditional land routes to India had been closed by the Ottoman Turks, Portugal hoped to use the sea route pioneered by Gama to break the once Venetian trading monopoly. Portuguese rule in East Africa focused mainly on a coastal strip centred in Mombasa. The Portuguese presence in East Africa officially began after 1505, when flagships under the command of Don Francisco de Almeida conquered Kilwa, an island located in ...
The hunter-gatherer populations of southern and eastern Africa are known to harbor some of the most ancient human lineages, but their historical relationships are poorly understood. We report data from 22 populations analyzed at over half a million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a genome-wide array designed for studies of history. The southern Africans-here called Khoisan-fall into two groups, loosely corresponding to the northwestern and southeastern Kalahari, which we show separated within the last 30,000 years. All individuals derive at least a few percent of their genomes from admixture with non-Khoisan populations that began 1,200 years ago. In addition, the Hadza, an east African hunter-gatherer population that speaks a language with click consonants, derive about a quarter of their ancestry from admixture with a population related to the Khoisan, implying an ancient genetic link between southern and eastern Africa ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Studies of human mitochondrial (mt) DNA genomes demonstrate that the root of the human phylogenetic tree occurs in Africa. Although 2 mtDNA lineages with an African origin (haplogroups M and N) were the progenitors of all non-African haplogroups, macrohaplogroup L (including haplogroups L0-L6) is limited to sub-Saharan Africa. Several L haplogroup lineages occur most frequently in eastern Africa (e.g., L0a, L0f, L5, and L3g), but some are specific to certain ethnic groups, such as haplogroup lineages L0d and L0k that previously have been found nearly exclusively among southern African click speakers. Few studies have included multiple mtDNA genome samples belonging to haplogroups that occur in eastern and southern Africa but are rare or absent elsewhere. This lack of sampling in eastern Africa makes it difficult to infer relationships among mtDNA haplogroups or to examine events that occurred early in human history. We sequenced 62 complete mtDNA genomes of ethnically diverse Tanzanians, ...
1. Nakhooda S, Caravani A, Neil Bird, Schalatek L (2011) Climate finance fundamentals: regional briefing for Sub Saharan Africa. Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Available: http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/7474.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 2. African Development Bank (2011) The cost of adaptation to climate change in Africa. Available: http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Cost%20of%20Adaptation%20in%20Africa.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 3. WHO (2008) Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: WHO.. 4. ByassP (2009) Climate change and population health in Africa: where are the scientists? Glob Health Action 2 doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2065. 5. HaySI, RogersDJ, RandolphSE, SternDI, CoxJ, et al. (2002) Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlands. Trends Parasitol 18: 530-534.. 6. OmumboJA, WaweruSM, OmumboJA, ...
For many African countries, lack of food is one of the most, pressing issues today. Dr. Catherine Nakalembe, Africa Program Lead for NASA Harvest, is helping countries there build systems to monitor crops based on NASAs ...
Die Palme des Reisenden Photo & image by Aah..z ᐅ View and rate this photo free at fotocommunity.de. Discover more images here.
Curious what your classmates look like now? Did they get married or have children? Are they looking for you? Over 1 million members have already joined ...
The ROAPE journal is available for personal or institutional subscribers from Taylor and Francis.. If you are based in Africa and have a pressing use for the journal and no means of subscribing, please get in touch with us at [email protected] ...
WHO digital library covers publications on issues including country data and statistics, health topics, and publications of 158 member countries including Kenya. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority of health within the United Nations system and is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defence against transnational threats.. WHO Health Library for Disasters ...
The orthography of many African languages includes diacritically marked characters. Falling outside the scope of the standard Latin encoding, these characters are often represented in digital language resources as their unmarked equivalents. This renders corpus compilation more difficult, as these languages typically do not have the benefit of large electronic dictionaries to perform diacritic restoration. This is a demonstration system for a diacritic restoration method that is able to automatically restore diacritics on the basis of local graphemic context. It is based on the machine learning method of Memory-Based learning. We have applied the method to the African languages of Cilubà, Gĩkũyũ, Kĩkamba, Maa, Sesotho sa Leboa, Tshivenḓa and Yoruba. You can find more information on this system in this paper ...
The export button (to the right?) will allow you to export the search results of the entered query to a CSV file. To export the items, click the Export button. There are two options to select the items you want to export to a CSV. Either you export all results from a search query, or you select a subset of items from the search results. To select a subset of the search results, click Selective Export in the Export menu. After making a selection, click the CSV button. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to CSV. The amount of items you can export is limited, but authenticating will increase this limit. ...
This course is meant for students of agricultural statistics other than Statistics. The students would be exposed to non-parametric tests and basic sampling techniques. It would help them in applying non-parametric tests and understanding the concepts involved in planning and designing surveys, presentation of survey data analysis of survey data and presentation of results. This course would be especially important to the students of social sciences. Exercises on various Non-parametric tests; Random sampling, Use of random number tables, Simple random sampling, Determination of sample size, Exercises on Inverse sampling, Stratified sampling, Cluster sampling and Systematic sampling, Estimation using Ratio and regression estimators, Estimation using Multistage design and Double sampling.. ...
This course is meant to expose the students to the techniques of drawing representative samples from various populations and then preparing them on the mathematical formulations of estimating the population parameters based on the sample data. The students would also be exposed to the real life applications of sampling techniques and estimation of parameters.. Determination of sample size and selection of sample, Simple random sampling, Stratified random sampling, Cluster sampling, Systematic sampling, Ratio and regression methods of estimation, Double sampling, Multi-stage sampling.. ...
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The LEAD Fellows Training Programme is a set of highly experiential and participatory joined-up training courses to develop the knowledge, skills and personal
Disclaimer: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and its collaborative partners take no position on the diverse views presented in linked material by the various commentators, organizations & companies. As with any database, we cannot guarantee the factual accuracy of all the articles & reports we make available.. ...
The major causes of severe visual impairment and blindness overall have not changed appreciably since 1995. There are important differences among countries, however, and using overall estimates for planning may be misleading.
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File Information. The file size of this download and space required on device or microSD™/SD™ card is 950 MB. If this download does not fit on your device, data may be saved on a microSD/SD card (Recycled microSD cards may be used to program map data).. Please note, these full-version maps do not contain premium content such as junction view or 3-D buildings and terrain. These features only are available on the preloaded maps within your device or through a specific update for the mapping region of your device.. ...
Looking for East African Community Customs Union? Find out information about East African Community Customs Union. organization of E African nations established to promote regional economic and political cooperation. Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania. Explanation of East African Community Customs Union
Universities in the Eastern Africa Region have come together to implement an initiative Health Emergency Management Program (HEMP) that will build the capacity of local governments in the region to manage and plan for response to major disasters of public health importance. The Eastern African Region is prone to many natural and technological disasters of different kinds. There is not one nation in the region that is not vulnerable to the devastating effects of these disasters. Many of these disasters have a public health significance either directly in the case of epidemics of infectious diseases, or indirectly as a result of the breakdown of infrastructure associated with these disasters. The purpose of this initiative therefore is to increase the capacity of districts to plan for response, mitigation and preparedness for disasters, so as to reduce human suffering, morbidity and mortality that often arise from such incidents.The success and implementation of this program in the region has been ...
Posted in Health Diseases dont have passports - they can cross borders, the Hon. Jesca Eriyo, Deputy Secretary General Finance and Administration of the East African Community (EAC) Secretariat, reminded the participants of a three-day regional conference on Lessons for the Future - What East African Experts learned from fighting the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The conference was the first of its kind that brought together 50 of the 500 East African doctors, nurses, epidemiologists and many other health specialists who risked their lives by volunteering to be deployed to West Africa to fight the Ebola epidemic between 2014 and 2016. According to the World Health Organization, the epidemic killed over 11,000 people and more than 30,000 were infected, and there were real fears that the disease could spread to East Africa and beyond.. The conference, with participation from the African Union, from Regional Economic Communities and Regional Health and Development Organizations, from the WHO ...
Included in that gap is the decision by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to postpone the majority of its malaria-based funding for new grants through 2013. As recently as 2009, the Global Fund was providing roughly half of the $2 billion in development assistance for malaria.. We cannot afford to let history repeat itself, said Sir Richard Feachem, KBE, FREng, DSc (Med), PhD, the founding executive director of the Global Fund who now directs the UCSF Global Health Group. It is imperative that we not lose the gains that these countries have achieved in malaria control.. Past failures to maintain such gains underscore the fragility of success in the field. Both Sri Lanka and India, for example, saw significant reductions of the illness in the 1960s, but both had dramatic resurgences when funding was withdrawn, the paper found. In India, for example, the U.S. Agency for International Development funded an eradication program that led to a massive drop in annual malaria ...
A regional sales hub for Eastern Africa, BASF East Africa Ltd., was established in Kenya in mid 2011. It is located in Nairobi and its focus areas in the region are:. ...
The archipelago-like coastal forest of East Africa is one of the highest priority ecosystems for biodiversity conservation worldwide. Here we investigate patterns of species richness and biogeographic distribution among birds, mammals and reptiles of these forests, using distribution data obtained from recently published reviews and information collated by the WWF Eastern Africa Coastal Forest Ecoregion Programme. Birds and mammals species were divided into forest specialists and generalists, and forest specialist reptiles into coastal and forest endemics. The species richness of birds and generalist mammals increased with area, and is probably a result of area-dependent extinction. Only in birds, however, species richness increased with decreasing isolation, suggesting possible isolation-dependent colonization. Forest diversity, associated to altitudinal range, is important for specialist birds and mammals, whose species richness increased with wider altitudinal range. The number of relict ...
The purpose of this short paper is to assess the challenge of regional unity like the East African Community (EAC) from the standpoint of pan-Africanism. We use the term regional unity, or regionalism, to refer to include both economic integration and political association. As we celebrate the 10th anniversary of the second-generation East African Community, it is opportune to stand back from the dominant debates on forms of integration - common market, monetary union, fast-tracking or snail-walking of the East African Federation etc. - and ask certain core questions: What exactly is the vision, the lodestar, so to speak, of the regional project? What is its historical genesis? What are the driving forces of the project, in whose interest and for what purpose? How does the project relate to the larger global forces, and in particular, to the changing world hegemonies? It is only by asking these bigger questions that we can critically assess where we are going and chart the possible way ...
Nematology , 2005, Vol. 7(5), 655-666 Response of East African highland bananas and hybrids to Radopholus similis Carine D OCHEZ 1 , ∗ , Jim W HYTE 2 , Abdou T ENKOUANO 3 , Rodomiro O RTI Z 4 and Dirk D E W AELE 5 1 IITA-Uganda, P.O. Box 7878, Kampala, Uganda 2 IITA-Malawi, Chitedze Research. ...
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Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
The hundreds of endemic species of cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria are a prime model system in evolutionary biology. With five genomes currently being sequenced, eastern African cichlids also represent a forthcoming genomic model for evolutionary studies of genotype-to-phenotype processes in adaptive radiations. Here we report the functional annotation and comparative analyses of transcriptome data sets for two eastern African cichlid species, Astatotilapia burtoni and Ophthalmotilapia ventralis, representatives of the modern haplochromines and ectodines, respectively. Nearly 647,000 expressed sequence tags were assembled in more than 46,000 contigs for each species using the 454 sequencing technology, largely expanding the current sequence data set publicly available for these cichlids. Total predicted coverage of their proteome diversity is approximately 50% for both species. Comparative qualitative and quantitative analyses show very similar ...
To analyze the distribution of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-seropositive dromedary camels in eastern Africa, we tested 189 archived serum samples accumulated during the past 30 years. We identified MERS-CoV neutralizing antibodies in 81.0% of samples from the main camel-exporting countries, Sudan and Somalia, suggesting long-term virus circulation in these animals ...
Make a gift to provide support for the program work of RCA missionaries Roger and Sue Scheenstra among the O people in eastern Africa.
Out of the total human population in Africa, 15% live in highlands i.e. defined as areas 1,500 m above sea level where the mean annual temperature used to be in the range of 16-19°C. Historically, these areas have been considered free malaria incidence because malaria transmission cannot take place below 18°C. However, several major malaria epidemics have been reported during 1990s and 2000s. For example, in western Kenya highland alone, malaria outbreaks have been reported at more than 20 highland sites. The WHO estimated in 2003 that malaria epidemics kill 110,000 people each year and 110 million people are at risk in Africa highlands. The highlands of east Africa has the worlds highest population growth rate and considered one of the most populated regions in Africa i.e. the population densities ranged between 158 persons/km2 in Ethiopia and 410 persons/km2 in Rwanda. This demographic pressure of poor populations have included in an extensive unprecedented land use and land cover changes
Here, we have demonstrated that the derived rs1426654*A in SLC24A5 in the KhoeSan has a common origin with Europeans, reflected by the similar tMRCA estimates and identical modal haplotypes. This is consistent with the extended haplotype similarity observed between San from Botswana and Europeans (17). We asked whether the common origin of rs1426654*A haplotype could be due to recent migration between Europe and South Africa, or via an indirect route of migration through eastern Africa. A pastoralist migration from eastern Africa to southern Africa 2 kya is well documented from human genetic and archaeological data, and is likely associated with the introduction of domestic sheep and goats into the region. The summary statistics in our demographically explicit ABC approach clearly discriminate between the East African Source and European Source models, and strongly favor the East African Source model (Materials and Methods and SI Appendix, Supplementary Text). We cannot speculate as to the ...
East African lakes: East African lakes, group of lakes located in East Africa. The majority of the East African lakes lie within the East African Rift System, which forms a part of a series of massive fissures in the Earths crust extending northward from the Zambezi River valley through eastern and northeastern
Cyclone season in Madagascar and Southeast and East Africa is beginning in October and already in forecast model outputs appears a tropical depression, which can hit Madagascar and East African coast soon. It´s name is 91S Invest for now, but it can develop to tropical depression, tropical storm or even cyclone
Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African admixture in the Horn of Africa (HOA). In the most recent genomic studies, this non-African ancestry has been attributed to admixture with Middle Eastern populations during the last few thousand years. However, mitochondrial and Y chromosome data are suggestive of earlier episodes of admixture. To investigate this further, we generated new genome-wide SNP data for a Yemeni population sample and merged these new data with published genome-wide genetic data from the HOA and a broad selection of surrounding populations. We used multidimensional scaling and ADMIXTURE methods in an exploratory data analysis to develop hypotheses on admixture and population structure in HOA populations. These analyses suggested that there might be distinct, differentiated African and non-African ancestries in the HOA. After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African origin chromosome segments, we found support for a distinct African (Ethiopic) ...
Fighting broke out when rebels allied with ousted vice president Riek Machar attacked several government sites. President Salva Kiir removed Machar and dismissed all cabinet ministers from office in July.. Hostilities expanded throughout the country for five weeks, leaving as many as 10,000 people dead, and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center reported 468,000 people were displaced as of Jan. 16.. In their statement, the AMECEA bishops from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia expressed solidarity with their brother bishops in South Sudan, saying that we feel with them and join them in their sorrow.. The bishops called for ongoing talks to settle differences across political and ethnic lines.. As church leaders, we believe that true peace can only be made possible through dialogue, forgiveness and reconciliation. At the same time, we are aware that these three do not eliminate the need for justice and as well they do not block the path to ...
27 December 2019, Addis Ababa - Aiming to contribute towards improving capacities and policy environment for school food & nutrition initiatives in Eastern Africa, the Food and Agriculture of the United Nations (FAO) convened workshop on School Meals from 18-19 December 2019 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. The workshop intended to discuss and validate the subregional report on nutrition profiling and related school meal guidelines, appraise the achievements of the joint FAO-AU technical cooperation project on school food and nutrition and agree on follow-up actions. The workshop also hoped to build consensus on potential areas of FAO technical support in school food and nutrition in Eastern Africa and to the African Union.. Officially opening the workshop, Hon. Yasabu Berkneh, Director General for School Improvement Program and Support, Ministry of Education of the Democratic Federal Republic of Ethiopia, stated that his ministry is working with FAO, World Food Program (WFP), and partners on school ...
Opposition Democratic Party (DP) has insisted that they will go on with the planned UYD/DP reunion in Mukono despite calls by some members of the party to call off the meeting following the incarceration of the Mukono district Chairperson for DP, Betty Nambooze.. The reunion National Coordinator, Samuel Lubega Mukaaku told the media on Tuesday that the meeting in Mukono will host three other districts including Buvuma, Buikwe and Kayunga at Festino City.. Mukaaku said that the Party has learnt that the enemies of reunion wanted to disorganize the meeting by arresting some of the party members including Nambooze but vowed not to be derailed by such forces.. Democratic Party President, Norbert Mao said that the party will stay focused on the main agenda of uniting the party as well as empowering leaders.. Mao has also disregarded reports that DP has been silent on Namboozes fate saying that they have indeed done all they could in their best including aiding her release on police bond as well as ...
In this study, we report novel data on mitochondrial DNA in two of the largest eastern Bantu-speaking populations, the Shona from Zimbabwe and the Hutu from Rwanda. The goal is to evaluate the genetic relationships of these two ethnic groups with other Bantu-speaking populations. Moreover, by compar …
During the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, some 800,000 people - predominantly Tutsis - were killed in the course of 100 days, following the killing of Rwandas president, Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down over Kigali airport on 6th April 1994. Read more…. ...
Zimbabwe has embarked on a trajectory of economic decline and political regression, with massive human rights abuses and international condemnation. Now, however, the non-violent approach of Zimbabweans ...
Sucoriv from East African, Sucralfate - Aagnil-Sos to Daffocid-O | Sucralfate (sold as Sucrafil in India); is an oral gastrointestinal medication primarily indicated for the treatment of active duodenal ulcers. Use of Sucoriv from East African, Pregnancy, lactation in childrens and special precautions for Sucoriv from East African, prices of Sucoriv from East African . Sucralfate is also used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and stress ulcers. Unlike the other classes of medications used for treatment of peptic ulcers, sucralfate is a sucrose sulfate-aluminium complex that binds to the hydrochloric acid in the stomach and acts like an acid buffer with cytoprotective properties., drugsupdate.com - Indias leading online platform for Doctors and health care professionals. Updates on Drugs, news, journals, 1000s of videos, national and international events, product-launches and much more...Latest drugs in India, drugs, drugs update, drugs update
a b Rito T, Richards MB, Fernandes V, Alshamali F, Cerny V, Pereira L, Soares P., The first modern human dispersals across Africa, PLoS One 2013 Nov 13; 8(11):e80031. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080031. By ~130 ka two distinct groups of anatomically modern humans co-existed in Africa: broadly, the ancestors of many modern-day Khoe and San populations in the south and a second central/eastern African group that includes the ancestors of most extant worldwide populations. Early modern human dispersals correlate with climate changes, particularly the tropical African megadroughts of MIS 5 (marine isotope stage 5, 135-75 ka) which paradoxically may have facilitated expansions in central and eastern Africa, ultimately triggering the dispersal out of Africa of people carrying haplogroup L3 ~60 ka. Two south to east migrations are discernible within haplogroup L0. One, between 120 and 75 ka, represents the first unambiguous long-range modern human dispersal detected by mtDNA and might have allowed ...
The most significant and widely studied remodeling of the African genetic landscape is the Bantu expansion, which led to an almost total replacement of the previous populations from the sub-Saharan region. However, a poor knowledge exists about other population movements, namely, the Nilotic migration, which is a pastoralist dispersal that, contrary to the Bantu expansion, impacted only East African populations. Here, samples from a Ugandan Nilotic-speaking population were studied for 37 Y chromosome-specific SNPs, and the obtained data were compared with those already available for other sub-Saharan population groups. Although Uganda lies on the fringe of both Bantu and Nilotic expansions, a low admixture with Bantu populations was detected, with haplogroups carrying M13, M182 and M75 mutations prevailing in Nilotes together with a low frequency of the main Bantu haplogroups from clade E1b1a-M2. The results of a comparative analysis with data from other population groups allowed a deeper
TY - JOUR. T1 - Modeled aerosol nitrate formation pathways during wintertime in the great lakes region of North America. AU - Kim, Yoo Jung. AU - Spak, Scott N.. AU - Carmichael, Gregory R.. AU - Riemer, Nicole. AU - Stanier, Charles O.. PY - 2014/11/16. Y1 - 2014/11/16. N2 - Episodic wintertime particle pollution by ammonium nitrate is an important air quality concern across the Midwest U.S. Understanding and accurately forecasting PM2.5 episodes are complicated by multiple pathways for aerosol nitrate formation, each with uncertain rate parameters. Here, the Community Multiscale Air Quality model (CMAQ) simulated regional atmospheric nitrate budgets during the 2009 LADCO Winter Nitrate Study, using integrated process rate (IPR) and integrated reaction rate (IRR) tools to quantify relevant processes. Total nitrate production contributing to PM2.5 episodes is a regional phenomenon, with peak production over the Ohio River Valley and southern Great Lakes. Total nitrate production in the lower ...
Author: D. J. Rezac, D. U. Thomson , M.G. Siemens, F.L. Prouty, C.D. Reinhardt, S. J. Bartle. Journal: J. Dairy Sci. 97 :4227-4235. Abstract: The prevalence and severity of multiple gross pathologic lesions and abnormalities in cull dairy and beef cows was evaluated at a commercial abattoir in the Great Lakes region of the United States; 1,461 cattle were examined at slaughter over the course of 3 production days and evaluated for the occurrence and severity of lung, liver, rumen, and carcass abnormalities and pathologies. Of the 1,461 cattle examined at slaughter, 87% were classified as Holstein cows and 13% were classified as other cows. Liver abscesses were observed in 32% of the population and over half were classified as severe (18.5% population prevalence). The frequency distribution of cattle observed with a liver abscess was not different among production days. Severe ruminal lesions and rumenitis scars were observed in 10.0% of the population, and 25.1% of cattle were observed to have ...
The proportion of assembled haplochromine cichlid sequences with and without BLAST matches compared to three databases (Takifugu rubripes, Danio rerio, and Onco
The Programme is among the few that support a designed multidisciplinary bioscience innovation funding mechanism anchored on the establishment of innovation platforms that assemble critical players along the bio-innovation value chain, to apply and promote bioscience innovations. BioInnovate supports projects in the six eastern African countries of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. BioInnovate is the only initiative in the region that applies an integrated approach linking value addition and agroprocessing with primary agricultural production and environmental stewardship, as well as innovation policy and sustainability analysis. BioInnovate links public research organisations and universities with smallholder farmers and the private sector. This linkage improves the chances of eastern African smallholder farmers, agribusinesses and agro-processors benefitting from the rapidly developing field of bioscience. In this manner, BioInnovate contributes towards the development of ...
The two-day East African ICT & Higher Education Symposium 2010 was held in Kampala, Uganda from 27 - 28 June 2010. The Internet Society, Verizon and the Uganda Communications Commission were catalysts of the gathering. This multi-stakeholder Symposium brought together approximately 120 participants including 3 ministers and other government officials, regulators, senior academicians, infrastructure providers, the wider partnership of the 5 countries that make up the East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda), and the UbuntuNet Alliance. All came together to share thoughts on the way forward for Higher Education and ICT in the East African region that is heading for closer economic union as the Uganda Minister of Tourism, Trade and Industry , Hon. Eng. Nelson G. Gagawala Wambuzi pointed out.. The nature and role of the NRENs and the Alliance shaped quite a bit of the discussions; and with the landing of three submarine cables, most recently EASSy, the timing was just ...
Cutlass Express is one of four express series exercises conducted in this region that is facilitated by U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet, said U.S. Navy Commander Pedro Lopez, Exercise Cutlass Express 15 operations commander. The objectives pertain to maritime domain awareness, regional information sharing, and deployment of maritime assets to counter illicit activity.. According to Lopez, training with partner nations is extremely valuable, for any maritime forces and this exercise allows regional partners to share information on tactics and procedures and to effectively make the waters in East Africa safer for everyone transiting through the Straight of Bab-el-Mandeb.. The exercise was sponsored and planned for the East African region by U.S. Africa Command with the support of Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africas enduring presence in the region.. Lopez explained that with the support of U.S. AFRICOM and Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) and their ...
East African Highland bananas are a staple food for the large population in Africa. But the crop is troubled by many diseases, noted Andrew Kiggundu, head of Ugandas Biotechnology Research Center at the National Agricultural Research Organization. Thats why NARO is developing GM varieties of this species. He noted that the biotech approach has great potential to improve the food-crop.. The social and environmental impact of biotech cotton on small scale agriculture in India was highlighted by C.D. Mayee, president of the Indian Society for Cotton Improvement and the South Asia Biotechnology Center. He highlighted many positive changes that had taken place since the introduction of Bt cotton in India. The country has tripled its national cotton production, and is now the largest exporter of high-quality cotton. Studies have found no adverse effects on flora and fauna. Insecticide sprays have been reduced more than half.. Matina Tsalavouta, head of public engagement at the United Kingdoms ...
Eligibility. This call for proposals is open to universities based in low- and middle-income countries in the Middle East and East Africa. Applicants must have a strong track record in research as well as community and policy outreach. To be eligible, applicants should demonstrate institutional expertise and commitment to advancing knowledge on forced displacement, as well as a commitment to advancing gender equality, inclusion, and equity.Scope. IDRC will support the establishment of up to four university research chairs for up to five years: two in the Middle East and two in East Africa. For a list of eligible countries, please see our frequently asked questions document.. The aim of the research chair positions is to empower institutions in the Middle East and East Africa to define research agendas on forced displacement. The research chairs will also lead on identifying practical, gender-transformative solutions that promote the social, economic, political, and health rights of forcibly ...
Use Crayola® crayons, colored pencils, or markers to color the flag of Tanzania. Color the shape numbered 1 green, the shapes numbered 2 yellow, the shape numbered 3 black and the shape numbered 4 blue. |b>Did you know?|/b>|br>Tanzania is located in eastern Africa. It used to be two separate countries named Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Some of their crops include coffee beans, tea leaves, nuts, corn, and wheat. The country is home to Mt. Kilimanjaro, which is highest point in Africa.
African jewels. Type species: Agrion dispar Palisot de Beauvois, 1807. Introduction. Endemic to tropical Africa with about 30 medium-sized (hindwing 18-28 mm) species largely confined to forested running waters in central and western Africa. Only C. curta has a distinct preference for more open landscapes, appearing in disturbed and drier habitats, even having an isolated Saharan population in the Jebel Marra of western Sudan. Within forest environments not all species preferences are known, although for example in Eastern Africa C. aphrodite prefers sandy streams, C. frigida and C. trifaria smaller streams, and C. victoriae and especially C. pyriformosa larger rivers (even the Congo). In West Africa, C. curta is also on open streams and C. pyriformosa on rivers, while there C. selysi is found on the smallest streams and C. luminosa and C. radix on the largest, with C. dispar intermediate and C. rubida favouring muddy streams. The taxonomy of the red species is problematic, for example C. ...
by pbrewadmin. Craft brewer develops African-style beers Sprecher Brewing Co. has released two African-style beers, Shakparo Ale and Mbege Ale. Craig Burge, brewmaster for the Wisconsin brewer, developed the beers after extensively researching the history of brewing in Africa, African beer styles, ingredients and traditions. Burge focused on traditional African beers that have a taste not readily available on the local market. I dont see this as a departure so much as a broadening of what we excel at, which is brewing quality beers with really distinctive flavor profiles regardless of their county of origin, Burge said. Many traditional African beers are brewed by the women in a village, are unfiltered, and have little carbonation, he said. Sprechers Shakparo Ale is a west African Shakparo-style beer brewed from sorghum. An unfiltered, light, crisp ale with hints of fruits and spices, it is best characterized as an easy-drinking beer, he said. Popular in eastern Africa, particularly the ...
The population growth rate is reaching an astounding level in Tanzania and Eastern Africa. It is applying increasing pressure on things like social services, land availability, job opportunities, conservation and localized resources. This study looks at the perceptions of both men and women surrounding social and environmental factors contributing to the high population growth rate. It looks more specifically at factors including childbearing, birth control methods and their effectiveness, and how the birth rate correlates with changing quality of life. This study was conducted in Kizanda Village in the West Usambara Mountains of Northern Tanzania, a region following the trend of a high population growth rate as well as a recent introduction to Western birth control. This study took place from April 5th to April 23rd, 2014. Semi-structured interviews (n = 102) resulted in evidence of high use of local methods of birth control but also an increase in the use of Western birth control over the course of
The Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC) was the administrator of British East Africa, which was the forerunner of the East Africa Protectorate, later Kenya. The IBEAC was a commercial association founded to develop African trade in the areas controlled by the British colonial power. Created after the Berlin Treaty of 1885, it was led by William Mackinnon and built upon his companys trading activities in the region, with the encouragement of the British government through the granting of an imperial charter - although it remained unclear what this actually meant. It granted immunity of prosecution to British subjects whilst allowing them the right to raise taxes, impose custom duties, administer justice, make treaties and otherwise act as the government of the area. Mombasa and its harbour were central to its operations, with an administrative office about 50 miles (80 km) south in Shimoni. The company was incorporated in London on 18 April 1888, and granted a royal charter by Queen ...
Tanzania is widely known for the best attraction places, it is an eastern Africa country also has the best tourist places in Tanzania. Enjoy with your family or friends.
Biggest News Source for News in Uganda and the East African Region ,Breaking news in Uganda and Daily news and the latest from Uganda
Biggest News Source for News in Uganda and the East African Region ,Breaking news in Uganda and Daily news and the latest from Uganda
Haplogroup E3b1-M78 is the second most prevailing one (23%) in the studied sample with E3b1-M78 chromosomes accounting for almost all E representatives (98%) except a single E3b2-M81 and two E3b3-M123 chromosomes (fig. 2). E3b1-M78 is the most common haplogroup E lineage in Europe (Cruciani et al. 2004; Semino et al. 2004). The spatial pattern shown in figure 4(C) depicts a nonuniform E3b1 geographic distribution with a frequency peak centered in south Europe and SEE (13%-16% in southern Italians and 17%-27% in the Balkans). Declining frequencies are evident toward western (10% in northern and central Italians), central, and eastern Europe (from 4% to 10% in Polish, Russians, mainland Croatians, Ukrainians, Hungarians, Herzegovinians, and Bosnians). Noteworthy is a low E3b1 frequency (5%) in Turkey. Apart from its presence in Europe and the Middle East, E3b1 is also found in eastern and northern Africa. Cruciani et al. (2004) estimated that E3b-M78 might have originated in eastern Africa about ...
By Jane Mwangi. The on-going and fully justified uproar regarding the large number of teenage pregnancies in Kenya (18 per cent of Kenyan teenage girls have already begun childbearing), now exacerbated by the lockdown brought on by COVID-19 crisis, has led to a vigorous debate as to how to tackle the problem and where Kenya stands in the battle against unplanned pregnancies.. On a positive note Kenya has hit and surpassed the target of 58 per cent in the use of modern contraceptive methods and is on course to meet the goals set for growth in contraceptive use by next year, topping the East African region in the use of contraceptives among married women.. But what about the married and unmarried women, including teenagers, that are not using contraception?. Ironically, as far back as the 2014 Kenya Health Demographic Health Survey reported that contraception information is more accessible to mothers after delivery.. It is also the case that to a large extent Kenyan society frowns upon sexual ...
Eastern Africa. 1977. ISBN 0-19-572367-8 Contini-Morava, Ellen. Noun Classification in Swahili. 1994. Lambert, H.E. 1956. Chi- ... In 2018, South Africa legalized the teaching of Swahili in South African schools as an optional subject to begin in 2020. ... It is a lingua franca of the African Great Lakes region and other parts of East and Southern Africa, including Tanzania, Uganda ... The British decided to formalise it as the language to be used across the East African region (although in British East Africa ...
Eastern Africa. Retrieved 25 March 2017. Fiedler, P.L. and P M. Kareiva, editors (1998). Conservation Biology: For the Coming ... R.S.A. Beauchamp (1954). "Fishery research in the lakes of East Africa". East African Agricultural Journal. 19 (4): 203-07. doi ... Freshwater molluscs of Africa: diversity, distribution, and conservation. The Diversity of Life in African Freshwaters: Under ... The ferry MV Bukoba sank in the lake on 21 May 1996 with a loss of between 800 and 1,000 lives, making it one of Africa's worst ...
"International > Regions > Eastern Africa > Rwanda> Religious Adherents". the arda.com. The Association of Religion Data ... Three of the tablets mentioned taking the Baháʼí Faith to Africa, but was delayed in being presented in the United States until ... The regional National Spiritual Assembly of Central and East Africa was established in 1956, with its seat in Kampala, and ... "Notes on Central and East Africa". Asia Pacific Baháʼí Studies. Baháʼí Library Online. Retrieved 2009-01-12. Universal House of ...
Lake Malawi, Eastern Africa, is home to numerous cichild species including this Livingston's cichlid (Nimbochromis livingstonii ... Eastern Africa. Retrieved 25 March 2017. Chapman, Lauren J.; Chapman, Colin A.; Chandler, Mark (December 1996). "Wetland ... They are most diverse in Africa and South America. Africa alone is host to at least an estimated 1,600 species. Central America ... the African cichlids, can be further split either into Eastern and Western varieties, or into groups depending on which lake ...
"Zambia". National Profiles > > Regions > Eastern Africa >. Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 21 September ... "Kenya". National Profiles > > Regions > Eastern Africa >. Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 21 September ... Protestantism is growing as a result of historic missionary activity and indigenous Christian movements by Africans in Africa, ... in Sub-Saharan Africa, 13.2% in Asia and the Pacific, 12.3% in North America, and 1% in the Middle East and North Africa. The ...
Eastern Africa. Retrieved 25 March 2017. Schliewen, U. (1992). Aquarium Fish. Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 978-0812013504 ... The lake lies in a valley formed by the opening of the East African Rift, where the African tectonic plate is being split into ... is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and ... Paice, Edward (2007). Tip and Run: The Untold Tragedy of the Great War in Africa. p. not cited. ISBN 978-0-297-84709-0. "The ...
COVID-19 pandemic in Africa 2020 in North Africa 2020s African Union Arab League Terrorism in Egypt Grand Ethiopian Renaissance ... Munawer, Qamar (23 June 2020). "Egyptian cyberattack on Ethiopian Security Agency website and some other". The Eastern Herald. ... "Egypt confirms coronavirus case, the first in Africa". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2020-08-27. "The Road to Glory: All Africa ... 28 January - 7 February - The 2020 Africa Futsal Cup of Nations was hosted in Morocco after being postponed due to the COVID-19 ...
South Africa; and eastern Australia. Supercells occur occasionally in many other mid-latitude regions, including Eastern China ... "Storm Chasing South Africa - 6 May Supercell". Archived from the original on Oct 18, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2020. "Tornadoes ... South Africa witnesses several supercell thunderstorms each year with the inclusion of isolated tornadoes. On most occasions ... The HP type Supercell formed over the Blue Mountains, mid-morning hitting the lower CBD and eastern suburbs by mid-afternoon ...
Eastern Africa series. Woodbridge, Suffolk: James Currey. ISBN 9781847010674. Henneberg, Ingo (2013). "Das politische System ... The politics of South Sudan concern the system of government in the Republic of South Sudan, a country in East Africa, and the ... "Sudan vote trend points at split - Africa". Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 18 January 2011. Retrieved 16 ... Gruss, Daniel (2010-2011). "A New Constitution for South Sudan". Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 16: 73 - via ...
Eastern Africa series. Woodbridge, UK ; Rochester, NY: James Currey. ISBN 9781847010056.. ... In Kluckhohn's Markets of Africa published in 1962, the author traces high levels of ancient economic developments in the city ...
In September 2018, he was named in Eastern Province's squad for the 2018 Africa T20 Cup. In April 2021, he was named in Eastern ... "Cricket South Africa postpones Global T20 league". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 10 October 2017. "Eastern Province Squad". ESPN ... He was included in the Western Province cricket team squad for the 2015 Africa T20 Cup. In August 2017, he was named in Nelson ... "CSA reveals Division One squads for 2021/22". Cricket South Africa. Retrieved 20 April 2021. Lesiba Ngoepe at ESPNcricinfo v t ...
Horn of Africa; 570; Kalahari; 573; Karoo; 554; Karstveld Sink Holes; 520; Lake Chad; 552; Namib; 528; Northern Eastern Rift; ... Eastern Java; 767; Coastal Fujian - Zhejiang; 745; Eastern Borneo; 731; Eastern Gulf of Thailand Drainages; 758; Eastern Taiwan ... Coastal East Africa; 551; Cuanza; 514; Eburneo; 583; Madagascar Eastern Lowlands; 533; Northern Gulf of Guinea Drainages - ... Eastern Zimbabwe Highlands; 525; Ethiopian Highlands; 510; Fouta Djallon; 526; Lake Tana; 581; Madagascar Eastern Highlands; ...
"Accessions List, Eastern Africa". Accessions List, Eastern Africa. Annual Serial Supplement. Nairobi: Library of Congress ... Accessions List, Eastern Africa 1982, p. 69. Harneit-Sievers 2002, p. 276. Fair 2018, Chapter 4: Global Films and Local ... Eastern Africa Publications. ISBN 978-9976-2-0029-4. Lagarde, Dominique (8 March 1979). "Ugandan-Tanzanian war examined. Amin ... "Africa: The President is helpless". Africa. 1979. p. 37. Singh 2012, p. 93. MacManus, James (8 March 1979). "Amin relies on ...
The Egyptian railway system is the oldest railway network in Africa and the Middle East. The first line between Alexandria and ... "Eastern Mediterranean Pipelines". Energy Egypt. Retrieved 16 September 2018. "Commercial Ports". Maritime Transport Sector - ... Two routes in the Trans-African Highway network originate in Cairo. Egypt also has multiple highway links with Asia through the ... "Africa - Egypt - Transportation". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 16 September 2018. Egyptian investment will raise safety ...
He fought in Africa and in the Eastern Front. He was the commander of the fortress division defending Warsaw in January 1945. ... Eastern Medal. Medal of Military Valor in silver (Italian). Grand Officer's Cross of the Bey of Tunis. Africa Cuff Title. ... Shortly before the Afrikakorps surrendered in April 1943, he was supposed to inform Hitler of the grievances in Africa, but was ... he served as the commander of the 256th Infantry Division in the Eastern Front. Temporarily in the Führerreserve, on 15 ...
Government Printer, South Africa. (Nigeria), Eastern Region (1959-01-01). Laws, Eastern Region of Nigeria: Containing the ... Nigeria), Eastern Nigeria; (Nigeria), Eastern Region (1952-01-01). Annual Volume of the Laws of Eastern Region of Nigeria: ... Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Region of Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. ... Ordinances of Eastern Region of Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. Government Printer. v t e. ...
Government Printer, South Africa. (Nigeria), Eastern Nigeria; (Nigeria), Eastern Region (1952). Annual Volume of the Laws of ... Government Printer, South Africa. (Nigeria), Eastern Region (1959). Laws, Eastern Region of Nigeria: Containing the Ordinances ... Nigeria), Eastern Nigeria (1964). Laws, Eastern Nigeria: Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Nigeria and Subsidiary ... Eastern Region of Nigeria: Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Region of Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. ...
van Perlo, B. (1995). Birds of Eastern Africa. Collins illustrated checklist. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-219937-7. Woodcock, ... ISBN 978-1-4081-3500-6. Sinclair, I.; Ryan, P.; Arlott, N.; Hayman, P.; Harris, A. (2010). Birds of Africa, South of the Sahara ... The spot-breasted ibis (Bostrychia rara) is a small, forest-dwelling ibis found in African lowland forests and swampy forested ... Its preference for dense rainforests in tropical Africa means that it is seldom seen and is vulnerable to deforestation. The ...
Top Books Eastern Africa. ... for East Africa in 2014. Children's literature portal East ... African Educational Publishers: Peak Times, 3 April 2015 Standard, The. "Champions of the writers' bloc". The Standard. ...
Library of Congress Office, Nairobi, Kenya (1972). Accessions List, Eastern Africa. Library of Congress Office. pp. 109, 305. ... East African junior library, no. 7. The lonely black pig, and other stories. Nairobi: East African Pub. House, 1968. East ... Nairobi: East African Pub. House, 1968. Hadithi za kikwetu, 3. (Short story in Swahili.) (with Cynthia Hunter) The sun-men and ... Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1971. Illustrations by Beryl Moore. Plays for primary schools, 1. The Kasiwes and their ...
Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. Government Printer, South Africa. v t ...
Burton, R. F.; Speke, J.H. (13 June 1859). "Explorations in Eastern Africa". Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of ... Garrett, Greg (March 1997). "Relocating Burton: Public and Private Writings on Africa". The Journal of African Travel-Writing ( ... Bombay was captured as a child near Lake Nyasa by slave traders and was sold to Indian merchants on the coast of Africa who ... In 1856, Speke and Burton went to East Africa to find the Great Lakes, which were rumored to exist in the center of the ...
Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. Government Printer, South Africa. " ... Statistics, Nigeria Department of (1954). Population Census of the Eastern Region of Nigeria, 1953: Bulletin. v t e. ...
West Africa and Brazilian Northeast. Chart 11: Guinea Gulf; Chart 12: Western Africa; Chart 13: Eastern Africa; Chart 14: ... From the Brazilian northeast to the west of Africa; Chart 7: South Atlantic islands; Chart 8: North Atlantic, with Bacallaos ...
Eastern Africa". In Middleton, John; Miller, Joseph C. (eds.). New Encyclopedia of Africa (4th ed.). Thomson/Gale. pp. 261-270 ... It was the elders in turn who had lent power to the old tribal religion or African traditional religion and hence it too was ... Dini ya Msambwa (Religion of the Ancestor) is an African traditional religion that has been labeled an anti-colonial religion. ... Their fortified villages were stormed by Sudanese troops and Africans from other tribes, and the fighting ended when the Bukusu ...
This subspecies is smaller than the eastern lowland gorilla, the other subspecies of eastern gorilla. Adult males have more ... Most of the African great apes survive in areas of chronic insecurity, where there is a breakdown of law and order. The killing ... African Wildlife Foundation, awf.org Adams, D.; Carwardine, M. (1991). Last Chance to See. London: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-32002- ... The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. It is listed as ...
Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Nigeria and Subsidiary Legislation Made Thereunder. Government Printer, South Africa. v t ...
In October 1887 the government of the South African Republic (ZAR) bought the south-eastern portion of the farm Braamfontein. ... "Soweto". South African History Online. South African History Online. Retrieved 31 October 2018. John R Shorten, The Saga of ... African Studies, 43 (1984), 43-51. MJ Viljoen & WU Reimold, An Introduction to South Africa's Geological and Mining Heritage, ... "The Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, South Africa - The World's 3rd Biggest Hospital, in South Africa - Contact Details ( ...
Eastern Region (1952). Annual Volume of the Laws of Eastern Region of Nigeria: Containing the Ordinances of Eastern Region of ... Government Printer, South Africa. Ikoiwak, Akpan Abasi (1999). Profiles in service: some Eket heroes and heroines of the ... Afaha Atai Ede Urua Esit Urua (Nigeria), Eastern Nigeria; (Nigeria), ...
... was a public university located in Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. UPE was founded on 31 January ... "The view from pulpit and pew". Diocese of Port Elizabeth, Port Elizabeth, South Africa: Lindaba. June 2004. Archived from the ... "The University of Port Elizabeth is founded". South African History Online. Retrieved 4 November 2013. "UNIVERSITY OF PORT ... "University of Port Elizabeth". Study South Africa. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 2 December 2013. Coordinates: 34°00′30″S 25°40′ ...
South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Find this book in the GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog, a joint effort of multiple states in northern and eastern Germany ... Find this book on the University of South Africa catalogue. * Find this book on the University of the Witwatersrand Library ... Find this book in the Minuteman Library Network (MLN) catalog (in Eastern Massachusetts) ...
The Eastern California Museum website, accessed 6/20/2010. *^ Independence, CA, Places of Interest, The Eastern California ... African American, 98 (14.6%) Native American, 8 (1.2%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 28 (4.2%) from other races, and 35 ( ... The Eastern California Museum with extensive collections, exhibits, and programs; is located at 155 North Grant Street in ...
... s and workplace democracy in Africa (Routledge, 2016).. *Kjellberg, Anders. "The Decline in Swedish Union Density ... Also, the Eastern European countries that have recently entered into the EU come closest to the Anglo-Saxon model. ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... "Trade Unionism in Colonial Africa" Journal of Modern African Studies, 4 (1966), pp. 65-81 ...
In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... "Eastern medicine" typically refers to the traditional medicines of Asia where conventional bio-medicine penetrated much later. ... "Eastern medicine" to suggest that the difference is a cultural difference between the Asiatic east and the European west, ...
The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then disappeared as Africa collided with Eurasia in the Turkish-Arabian region ... "Neogene uplift of central eastern Patagonia: Dynamic response to active spreading ridge subduction?". Tectonics. 28.. ... Uplift of East Africa in the late Miocene was partly responsible for the shrinking of tropical rain forests in that region, and ... Approximately 100 species of apes lived during this time, ranging throughout Africa, Asia and Europe and varying widely in size ...
South African-born composer Malcolm Forsyth lived in Edmonton from 1968 until his death in 2011. Perhaps his best-known ... During the province's early years, many significant projects were designed by eastern firms including those of Ross and ... which has a large population of Eastern-European descent, pierogies are a popular food. Pierogies are often served in Ukrainian ...
... while the eastern Hawizeh Marshes had dramatically shrunk. The Marsh Arabs, who numbered about half a million in the 1950s, ... North/East Africa(2.8%): M1 2.8%. *Sub-Saharan Africa(4.9%): L 4.9% ...
... initiated a series of major irrigation projects across the country.[269] In the Eastern Zone, for instance, a huge dam ... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... In August 1953, Sâr and Rath Samoeun travelled to Krabao, the headquarters of the Việt Minh Eastern Zone.[76] Over the ... The failure of Cambodian troops in the Eastern Zone to successfully resist the Vietnamese incursion made Pol Pot suspicious of ...
Nketia, Kwabena (1961: 78) African Music in Ghana. Accra: Longmans. *^ Kubik, Gerhard (1999: 54) Africa and the Blues. Jackson ... The musical genre known as son probably adopted the clave pattern from rumba when it migrated from eastern Cuba to Havana at ... Cuban music has been popular in sub-Saharan Africa since the mid-twentieth century. To the Africans, clave-based Cuban popular ... a b c Peñalosa, David (2009: 81). The Clave Matrix; Afro-Cuban Rhythm: Its Principles and African Origins. Redway, CA: Bembe ...
Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (African Union). *Pasteur Institute (in Cambodia) ... Eastern States Multi-state Council. *Midwest Governors Regional Pact. *Western States Pact ...
syndicated) article from South Africa). -- tariqabjotu 03:26, 15 December 2006 (UTC) *SA is Anglophone and has close ties to ... the fear that Japan will again become a military aggressor to Eastern Asia. This is highly likely to play a large part in the ... And it happens all the damn time, whether here in the western world or in South Africa. This is common. There is absolutely no ... It may be common place for people to go around killing large numbers of people in South Africa but it most certainly isn't in ...
Eastern Galician: Asturian area (Eonavian), Ancares area, Zamora area and Central-Eastern area. ... African Portuguese; the Galician-Portuguese still spoken in Spanish Extremadura, Fala; and other dialects. ... So, from medieval irmão 'brother', ladrões 'robbers', irmãas 'sisters' we have eastern Galician irmao, ladrois, irmás; central ... Later, in the eastern-except Ancarese Galician-and central blocks, the nasal trait was lost, while in the west the nasal trait ...
In the dialects prevalent in much of eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh (Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka and Sylhet Divisions of ... Chatterji, SK (1921). "Bengali Phonetics". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 2: 1. doi:10.1017/ ... Western alveolo-palatal affricates চ [tɕɔ], ছ [tɕʰɔ], জ [dʑɔ] correspond to eastern চ [tsɔ], ছ [tsʰɔ~sɔ], জ [dzɔ~zɔ]. The ... Along with other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Bengali evolved circa 1000-1200 AD from Sanskrit and Magadhi Prakrit.[24] The ...
... in a United Front similar to the popular fronts of former Communist-era Eastern European countries such as the National Front ... China-Africa relations. *China-Caribbean relations. *China-European Union relations. *China-Pacific relations ...
In Africa, wild animals including fruit bats are hunted for food and are referred to as bushmeat.[78][79] In equatorial Africa ... Tom Clancy's 1996 novel, Executive Orders, involves a Middle Eastern terrorist attack on the United States using an airborne ... 8.3 2013-2016 West Africa *8.3.1 2014 spread outside West Africa ... 2013-2016 West Africa. Main article: West African Ebola virus ... Peters, C. J. (December 1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting (PDF). ...
... s are however found in many African and Middle-Eastern languages, most notably Arabic, and in Native American ... as well as in a few African and Native American languages. (Ejective uvular affricates occur as realizations of uvular stops in ...
Eastern Leopard Toad · Sand Toad · Tradouw's Mountain Toad · Western Leopard Toad · African Red Toad · African Common Toad ... Frogs in Africa. African clawed frog African dwarf frog African bullfrog Hildebrandtia ornatissima Hylarana parkeriana ... California newt · Coastal Range newt · Eastern newt · Black-spotted newt · Striped newt · Red-bellied Newt · Rough-skinned newt ... Toads in Africa. Altiphrynoides malcolmi · Altiphrynoides osgoodi · Amietophrynus langanoensis · Amatola Toad · Cape Clawed ...
"Invasive Alien Bird Species Pose A Threat, Kruger National Park, Siyabona Africa Travel (Pty) Ltd - South Africa Safari Travel ... Also in the east, it ranges to south-eastern and south-western Australia[49] and New Zealand[50] in the Southern hemisphere.[22 ... 1977). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa, the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 1: Ostrich ... Jiguet, Frédéric; Audevard, Aurélien (21 March 2017). Birds of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East: A Photographic Guide ...
Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. 200,000 BP, left Africa ... At the beginning of the Paleolithic, hominins were found primarily in eastern Africa, east of the Great Rift Valley. Most known ... Clark, JD, Variability in primary and secondary technologies of the Later Acheulian in Africa in Milliken, S and Cook, J (eds ... In Africa, bone artifacts and the first art appear in the archaeological record. The first evidence of human fishing is also ...
South Africa. Cape Town. Kenya. University of Nairobi. United Kingdom. Bristol. Leeds. Sheffield. Southampton. York. United ... Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies. Notable academics and faculty[edit]. *. ...
David M. Crowe; John Kolsti; Ian Hancock (2016). The Gypsies of Eastern Europe. Routledge. p. 16. ISBN 1315490242. .. ... Elimination of the Jewish National Home in Palestine: The Einsatzkommando of the Panzer army Africa, 1942 by Klaus-Michael ... Piotr Eberhardt; Jan Owsinski (2003). Ethnic Groups and Population Changes in Twentieth-century Central-Eastern Europe: History ... Eikel, Markus (2013). "The local administration under German occupation in central and eastern Ukraine, 1941-1944". The ...
A study of the animal in Karroid Mountainveld (Eastern Cape Province, South Africa) revealed the presence of all the larval ... "African Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2014.. *^ "Circulation Coins: Five Rand (R5)". South African Mint Company. ... Over the years, the South African authorities have issued stamps displaying the animal and the South African Mint has struck a ... The black wildebeest is native to southern Africa. Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in ...
Journal of Eastern African Research and Development. East African Literature Bureau. 1974. p. 129. The mandible was discovered ... with Paranthropus in eastern Africa and southern Africa having different diets.[20] ... It lived in Eastern Africa during the Pleistocene epoch from about 2.4 until about 1.4 million years ago.[1] ... Carbon isotope ratios suggest P. boisei had a diet dominated by C4 vegetation, unlike P. robustus in South Africa. ...
South African[60][61]. round. [ɹ̝æʊ̯nd]. 'round'. Apical,[61] present in some urban dialects.[60] See South African English ... Eastern[2]. զարդ. [z̪ɑɾt̪ʰ] (help·info). 'decoration'. ...
... north-eastern Mexico, and implications for the evolution of Octopoda". 51 (5). Palaeontology: 1129-1139. doi:10.1111/j.1475- ... range from Australia to the eastern Indo-Pacific Ocean. They bite only when provoked or accidentally stepped upon; bites are ...
In some Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population relies on traditional medicine for their primary health care ... Michael Dols has shown that the Black Death was much more commonly believed by European authorities than by Middle Eastern ... Modern scientific medicine is highly developed in the Western world, while in developing countries such as parts of Africa or ... although it continued uninterrupted in the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. ...
South Africa's Comair and Denmark's Sun Air of Scandinavia have been franchisees of British Airways since 1996.[72][73] British ... "BA franchising forays into South Africa". Flight International. 19 June 1996. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. ...
"South African Tornadoes". South African Weather Service. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-05-26. Retrieved 2009-12-13. ... Bangladesh and adjacent eastern India, and southeastern South America.[8] Tornadoes can be detected before or as they occur ... A few significant tornadoes occur annually in Europe, Asia, southern Africa, and southeastern South America, respectively.[66] ... Other areas of the world that have frequent tornadoes include South Africa, the La Plata Basin area, portions of Europe, ...
In parts of South Africa, maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), patula pine (P. patula) and radiata pine have been declared invasive ... Insects of eastern spruces, fir and, hemlock, revised edition. Gov't Can., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa, For. Tech. Rep. 23. 159 p ...
... as well as Jewish and Catholic ethnics from eastern and southern Europe. They competed for jobs and limited housing, and the ...
The Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP), is a collaborative effort by eleven countries in Eastern Africa to interconnect their ... EAPP (2016). "Eastern Africa Power Pool: Contacts". Addis Ababa: Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP). Retrieved 2 April 2019. ... Southern African Power Pool Central African Power Pool West African Power Pool North African Power Pool EAPP (2016). "The ... Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP)". Addis Ababa: Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP). Retrieved 2 April 2019. ...
The Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF), formerly Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG), is one of the five regional forces ... "African Standby Force: East Africa Moves On." African Security Studies 13, no. 2 (2004): 113-121. Robinson, Colin. "The Eastern ... The Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security The Council, which congresses at least twice a year, manages ... The Eastern Africa Committee of Chiefs of Defense Staff (EACDS) The EACDS serves as an advisory Military Committee of the ...
The UNODC Regional Office in East Africa (ROEA). div#unodcHeaderLocal h2#headerSubTitle a { background-image:url("/img/fo/ ...
Amado Philip de Andrés, UNODC Regional Representative for Eastern Africa, at the launch of Kenyas first art competition for ... Amado Philip de Andrés, UNODC Regional Representative for Eastern Africa, for the first virtual commemoration of the ... Amado Philipe de Andrés, UNODC Regional Representative, Regional Office for Eastern Africa ... Amado Philipe de Andrés, UNODC Regional Representative, Regional Office for Eastern Africa ...
Eastern Cape South Africa news - latest news direct from companies - read online or subscribe to feed or by email - press ... Eastern Cape Latest News (South Africa). Exclusive News. Topics Locations Industries Dates. From Under A Taxi To The Top As An ... South Africa -Eastern Cape City / Town. Select One. east london. Port Elizabeth. Mthatha. Fort Beaufort. Nieu Bethesda. News By ... Lamergyre Alloys Limited (LAL), a South African registered company, will construct a 6.5 Million tonne per annum Alloy and ...
Diocese: Eastern Zambia. Information. Bishop of Eastern Zambia & Acting Provincial Secretary The Rt Revd William Mchombo. ...
City Navigator Eastern Africa NT indeholder vejkort og interessepunkter til din Garmin-enhed, så du kan navigere efter præcise ...
East Africa offers adventures of all kinds, and the chance to relax on sensational island beaches too. ... Explore Eastern Africa on a Serengeti safari, trek up Mount Kilimanjaro, or tiptoe past endangered gorillas in mountain jungles ... Destination: Eastern Africa. Explore Eastern Africa on a Serengeti safari, trek up Mount Kilimanjaro, or tiptoe past endangered ... Destination: Eastern Africa. Explore Eastern Africa on a Serengeti safari, trek up Mount Kilimanjaro, or tiptoe past endangered ...
... in the Rift Valley of Africa, and in volcanic regions of Mediterranean countries. ... Other articles where Eastern Rift Valley is discussed: Andisol: …to New Zealand), ... East African lakes*. In East African lakes. …found in the Eastern (Great) Rift Valley are smaller than those of the Western ... East African Rift System*. In East African Rift System. The main branch, the Eastern Rift Valley (often called the Great Rift ...
... in Eastern Africa.. *Displays more than 54,600 points of interest throughout the continent, including restaurants, lodging, ...
Get the Nelsig hour-by-hour weather forecast including temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation for Nelsig, South Africa from AccuWeather.com
Extended forecast in Mdantsane, South Africa for up to 25 days includes high temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation ...
Some countries in Africa have already endured two seasons of poor or non-existent rainfall; situation is being exacerbated by ... Some countries in eastern and southern Africa have endured two seasons of poor or non-existent rainfall. This situation is ... phenomenon are putting hundreds of thousands of children at risk of hunger and disease in parts of eastern and southern Africa ... FILE - The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says chronic hunger remains highest in sub-Saharan Africa, where one in ...
... in Eastern Africa has been drawn up at a key conference held at the headquarters of the United Nations Environment Program ( ... A plan to dramatically increase the levels of electricity generated from "hot rocks" in Eastern Africa has been drawn up at a ... The meeting, called the Eastern African Geothermal Energy Week, has been aimed at overcoming some of the technological and ... But until now its potential in the Eastern African Rift Valley region has remained largely untapped. Government energy experts ...
... the most ancient found outside Africa, and the earliest evidence ... ... Britains Eastern Coast Yields Oldest Human Footprints Outside Africa 120 Posted by timothy on Sunday February 09, 2014 @11: ... Britains Eastern Coast Yields Oldest Human Footprints Outside Africa. Archived Discussion. Load All Comments ... One of those is that there were multiple diasporas of early humans out of Africa, but most of the early explorers died out in ...
The United Nations human rights office today strongly condemned the attack on several villages in north-eastern Nigeria on ... About Africa Renewal. The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major ... It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community ... UN human rights office condemns latest deadly attacks in north-eastern Nigeria. Get monthly. e-newsletter. ...
Make a gift to provide support for the program work of RCA missionaries Roger and Sue Scheenstra among the O people in eastern ... Donate to: O Project - Eastern Africa Need help with your gift? Contact [email protected] or call Terri Boven at (616) 541-0835. ... gift to provide support for the program work of RCA missionaries Roger and Sue Scheenstra among the O people in eastern Africa. ...
Find accommodation in the Eastern Cape South Africa in hotels, guest houses, b&bs, game lodges, national parks, self-catering ... South Africa Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North West Northern Cape Western Cape ... 134 on Da Gama ticks all the boxes as a perfect beach holiday destination in Cape St Francis, South Africa. ... Perfectly located on the sun-drenched shores of the beautiful Eastern Cape, just 90 minutes from Port Elizabeth International ...
Find accommodation in the Eastern Cape South Africa in hotels, guest houses, b&bs, game lodges, national parks, self-catering ... South Africa Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North West Northern Cape Western Cape ...
Horn of Africa crisis one year on - famine reversed, countless lives saved, but situation of millions of women and children ...
Eastern Africa regional briefings. Latest briefing: April 2014. Business & human rights in Eastern Africa: Steep Rise in ...
Eastern Cape Alumni.NET enables people to connect using messages, photos, discussion boards, wiki pages, maps, and groups. ... Join groups and reconnect with people from Eastern Cape in South Africa. ... World ► Africa ► South AfricaEastern Cape. Alumni.NET groups all have geographic locations. Please select the location of ...
... came from eastern Africa and was probably borne into Yemen by migrants.Using genomic sequencing techniques, researchers at ... He added, however, that from the samples available, the team was not able to pinpoint exactly which countries in eastern Africa ... In Yemen, Worlds Worst Cholera Outbreak Traced to Eastern Africa January 2, 2019 01:56 PM ... and eastern and central Africa.. The team, whose findings were published Wednesday in the journal Nature, then compared these ...
Eastern Africa , Urgent action required to prevent a major food crisis. Tags: EASTERN AFRICA, FAO, WFP, IGAD, FAO-IGAD-WFP, ... Eastern Africa , IKEA Foundation contributes $3.5 million to support FAOs work with refugees and host communities. 30/07/2020 ... Even before these current challenges, Eastern Africa was considered among the most food insecure regions of the world, with ...
Our ancestors came to Africa from the Balkans after the Sahara bloomed, say scientists based on a 7.2 million-year-old jaw and ... Evolution of Man Began in Eastern Mediterranean, Not Africa, Say Archaeologists Our ancestors came to Africa from the Balkans ... There are no known African fossil hominins from that time. All the African hominin fossils are younger, Bohme said. ... No fossil ape remains from 7 or 8 million years ago have been found (at least not yet) in Africa, but she speculates that the ...
Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A Pilot Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa ... "Illegal Timber Trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A pilot" (hereafter ITT-REDD). The programmes objective is to ... Draining an area of 194,200 km2, Lake Victoria Basin is one of East Africas most prominent landmarks. It not only provides the ... headwaters of the White Nile but is also central to the development and regional integration of the East Africa Community. ...
Eastern and Southern Africa, the region most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, is making great strides to scale up access to ... Eastern, Southern Africa scale up efforts against high AIDS prevalence - UN official. Sheila Tlou, Director of the UNAIDS ... 19 January 2012 Eastern and Southern Africa, the region most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, is making great strides to ... "A lot has been in countries in Eastern and Southern Africa on mother-to-child infections," said Ms Tlou. "Our services to ...
  • While other regional ASF forces are implemented by Regional Economic Communities (RECs), namely ECOWAS, SADC, and ECCAS, with respective regional protocols already in place, the EASF is an entirely different regional arrangement, called Regional Mechanism (RM), that co-exists with several economic communities in East Africa that also implement security measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Africa offers adventures of all kinds, and the chance to relax on sensational island beaches too. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Today we're headed to East Africa, famous for sights like the Serengeti Plains. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • East Africa….a gateway to a whole other world. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The programme's objective is to enhance national and regional capacity to combat the illegal timber and charcoal trade in East Africa. (eldis.org)
  • It not only provides the headwaters of the White Nile but is also central to the development and regional integration of the East Africa Community. (eldis.org)
  • East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent , variably defined by geography or geopolitics . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Some parts of East Africa have been renowned for their concentrations of wild animals, such as the " big five " of elephant , buffalo , lion , leopard and black rhinoceros , though populations have been declining under increased stress in recent times, particularly the rhino and elephant. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The geography of East Africa is often stunning and scenic. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Shaped by global plate tectonic forces that have created the Great Rift Valley , East Africa is the site of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya , the two tallest peaks in Africa. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The climate of East Africa is rather atypical of equatorial regions. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Because of a combination of the region's generally high altitude and the rain shadow of the westerly monsoon winds created by the Rwenzori Mountains and Ethiopian Highlands , East Africa is surprisingly cool and dry for its latitude. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Rainfall in East Africa is influenced by El Niño events, which tend to increase rainfall except in the northern and western parts of the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands, where they produce drought and poor Nile floods [ 20 ] . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Black E, Slingo J, Sperber KR (2003) An observational study of the relationship between excessively strong short rains in coastal east africa and indian ocean SST. (springer.com)
  • Today's first-line treatment in the region - consisting of paromomycin, an injectable treatment used in combination with sodium stibogluconate, which is administered either through injection or intravenously - was shown to be effective following a clinical trial carried out by the Leishmaniasis East Africa Platform (LEAP), Drugs for Neglected Disease initiative (DND i ) and other partners in 2010. (eurekalert.org)
  • RECOMMENDED that the resolution taken last year should stand and that meetings should be held alternatively in East Africa and in West Africa. (who.int)
  • The rats that were carried on ships to East Africa were likely major pests, and the simultaneous appearance on the coast of domestic cats, a pest-control species, was probably no accident. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • In 2011, the Central African region accounted for 43% of the global industrial diamond production, North Africa accounted for 21% of the global phosphate rock production, and East Africa produced more than 5% of global copper output. (sbwire.com)
  • With COVID yet to peak in East Africa, we cannot turn our backs on people forced to flee and stuck in remote camps," added Mr. Dunford. (mediamonitors.net)
  • The UN agency needs some $323 million to assist refugees in the East Africa region over the next six months, about 22 percent greater than during the same period in 2019. (mediamonitors.net)
  • This region include the subregion of the Horn of Africa . (conservapedia.com)
  • Antibodies in are bred in the Greater Horn of Africa, primarily in Ethio- pia, Sudan, Somalia, and Kenya ( 13 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The warming west Pacific SSTs have forced changes in the regional lower tropospheric circulation by weakening the Somali Jet, which has reduced moisture and rainfall over the Horn of Africa. (springer.com)
  • The more alternatives, the better," said Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who leads the Horn of Africa nation of 77 million. (technologyreview.com)
  • the desert locust invasion in the East and Horn of Africa with COVID-19 poses a food crisis, which could have significant effects on women and girls' sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and potentially lead to a rise in gender-based violence (GBV). (unfpa.org)
  • The authors propose that a genetic component found in Horn of Africa populations back-migrated to Africa from Eurasia ~23 thousand years ago. (blogspot.com)
  • Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African admixture in the Horn of Africa (HOA). (blogspot.com)
  • They included samples from a Yemeni refugee center on the Saudi Arabia-Yemen border and 74 other cholera samples from South Asia, the Middle East, and eastern and central Africa. (voanews.com)
  • Central Africa is the major investment destination of the three regions, with mining projects valued over $11 billion. (sbwire.com)
  • Central Africa is expected to be a significant producer of gold in the near future. (sbwire.com)
  • In Central Africa, the mining sectors of Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon are dealt with in detail. (sbwire.com)
  • Tanzania , Kenya , Uganda , Rwanda , and Burundi - members of the East African Community (EAC). (thefullwiki.org)
  • We mapped C. odorata distribution in eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) and compared perceptions and quantified the impacts of this species across Tanzanian villages with varying degrees of invasion density. (springer.com)
  • Fatal if left untreated, currently its highest burden is in eastern Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda) where most people affected live in remote areas far from health facilities. (eurekalert.org)
  • NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Plans to lay an undersea fiber-optic cable off eastern Africa could be the beginning of the end of crackling long-distance calls, slow dial-up Internet connections and universities without e-mail. (technologyreview.com)
  • Worried the project was taking too long, Kenya teamed up with the United Arab Emirates telecommunications company Etisalat, and set up the East African Marine Systems, or TEAMS, project in November. (technologyreview.com)
  • The inter-linked nature of Eastern Africa - which includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Zimbabwe - leaves it prone to violence spilling over from one country into another. (transconflict.com)
  • VMMCs) in 14 priority countries in Eastern and Southern programs in the eight countries (Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Africa ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Private sector testing is still limited to South Africa and Kenya. (unfpa.org)
  • To strengthen education and research capacity in aquatic and environmental health in Tanzania through Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Zanzibar through the Institute of Marine Sciences (IMS), Kenya through University of Nairobi (UoN), Uganda through Makerere University (MU) and Zambia through University of Zambia (UNZA) in the Eastern and Southern Africa. (norad.no)
  • The extant glaciers in Africa are restricted to the summit areas of Mount Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Rwenzori Mountains ( 1 , 2 ), but during the cold periods of the Late Pleistocene, several mountain ranges on the continent were extensively glaciated (table S1) ( 3 - 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • RM C5F82G - Aerial view of African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in Kenya. (alamy.com)
  • Geologists have long known that the Sahara Desert 'came and went' - now it's here, but there were times in the history of the Earth that North Africa was a paradise, rich in rivers and fauna. (haaretz.com)
  • An empirical investigation of stock market behavior in the Middle East and North Africa ," Journal of Empirical Finance , Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 413-427, June. (repec.org)
  • An Empirical Investigation of Stock Market Behavior in the Middle East and North Africa ," MPRA Paper 13437, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • As of 2013, approximately 1.02 million immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region resided in the United States, representing 2.5 percent of the nation's 41.3 million immigrants. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • The current MENA immigrant population in the United States is very diverse: approximately 70 percent come from the Middle East, the remainder from North Africa (see Table 1). (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Countries Scope: The mining sectors of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia are covered for North Africa. (sbwire.com)
  • In North Africa this is even clearer as the native (pre-Arab) population is definitely broadly West Eurasian and this must have come about by back-migration. (blogspot.com)
  • The non-African ancestry in the HOA, which is primarily attributed to a novel Ethio-Somali inferred ancestry component, is significantly differentiated from all neighboring non-African ancestries in North Africa, the Levant, and Arabia. (blogspot.com)
  • Southern African Power Pool Central African Power Pool West African Power Pool North African Power Pool EAPP (2016). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the Yemeni strain did not arrive directly from South Asia, the scientists found, but was circulating and causing outbreaks in eastern Africa in 2013-14, prior to appearing in Yemen in 2016. (voanews.com)
  • The revised Africa Regional Nutrition Strategy (ARNS) 2016 - 2025 and the CAADP Malabo also recognized that school meal is a major programme that can have a huge impact on nutrition outcomes. (fao.org)
  • The secretariat of the Eastern Africa Power Pool organisation is located at Wereda 02, House 059, Bole Sub City, in Addis Ababa, the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The predecessor of EASF, EASBRIG, was formed on September 10, 2004 through a Policy Framework between the member states, following the decision of the Summit of the African Union (AU) held in July of the same year in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (wikipedia.org)
  • 27 December 2019, Addis Ababa - Aiming to contribute towards improving capacities and policy environment for school food & nutrition initiatives in Eastern Africa, the Food and Agriculture of the United Nations (FAO) convened workshop on School Meals from 18-19 December 2019 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. (fao.org)
  • Creating an enabling environment and capacity for School Food and Nutrition in Eastern Africa to create an enabling environment and strengthen country capacity to design and implement local farmer-friendly and sustainable school food and nutrition programmes in selected Eastern Africa countries namely Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Uganda in 2017. (fao.org)
  • In a paper published August 17, 2017 in the journal PLOS ONE , an international team of researchers, led by Director Nicole Boivin of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, used new techniques to analyze ancient DNA and proteins from 496 bone samples from 22 island, coastal and inland sites in eastern Africa. (eurekalert.org)
  • Through September 2017, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) had supported 15.2 million voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMCs) in 14 priority countries in Eastern and Southern Africa ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Perseverance have paid off for the beauty queen who first entered Miss South Africa in 2017. (sahistory.org.za)
  • Like any surgical intervention, VMMC carries a South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) that risk for complications or adverse events. (cdc.gov)
  • Over 45 million food insecure people in Southern Africa have been hard hit by the socio-economic impact of the restrictions, especially Zimbabwe. (unfpa.org)
  • Government energy experts, scientists, engineers and members of the private sector, have set a "challenging yet achievable target" to develop 1,000 MW of geothermal across Eastern Africa by 2020, equivalent to the electricity needs of several million people in the region. (renewableenergyworld.com)
  • Perfectly located on the sun-drenched shores of the beautiful Eastern Cape, just 90 minutes from Port Elizabeth International Airport. (places.co.za)
  • NOMAGWAYI DEVELOPERS SA (PTY) LTD is located in PORT ELIZABETH, Eastern Cape, South Africa and is part of the Residential Building Construction Industry. (dnb.com)
  • Recent studies from the Southern and Eastern Africa as well as West Africa show that where urban and rural links are strong, it is the resources associated with these connections that dominate urban households' coping strategies, rather than the intra-urban household relationships suggested by the current literature on urban livelihoods amongst the poor. (ifpri.org)
  • Validation of TRMM and other rainfall estimates with a high-density gauge dataset for West Africa-part I: validation of GPCC rainfall product and pre-TRMM satellite and blended products," Journal of Applied Meteorology , vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1337-1354, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • while the other branch, the Eastern (or Great) Rift Valley, extends through central Tanzania from the Kenyan border in the region of Lakes Eyasi, Manyara, and Natron south to Lake Nyasa at the border with Mozambique. (britannica.com)
  • Mozambique and Madagascar - often considered part of Southern Africa . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Fertilizer use in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is, on average, 8 kg/ha, or only about 10% of the world average and fertilizer use in Mozambique is, on average, 6 kg/ha. (ipipotash.org)
  • Despite an improvement in the treatment of VL, there is an urgent need for alternative new combination treatments that are efficacious, safe, of short duration, affordable, and suited for remote areas in eastern Africa," said Dr Jorge Alvar, Project Coordinator, Afri-KA-DIA Project. (eurekalert.org)
  • Ultimately, these investigations are and Southern Africa where HIV prevalence is high and cir- reviewed by the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator, U.S. cumcision coverage is low. (cdc.gov)
  • In his remarks made at the event, Chimimba David Phiri, FAO Subregional Coordinator for Eastern Africa and Representative to the AUC and UNECA, prompted that despite achievements from collaborative efforts of FAO, the African Union (AUC), and partners, a lot still needs to be done to attain CAADP Malabo targets of food and nutrition security. (fao.org)
  • IPI Coordinator for sub-Saharan Africa/Eastern Africa. (ipipotash.org)
  • Contrary to findings in southern Africa, we find no evidence of frequent infection from wildlife, with outbreaks in cattle sweeping slowly across the region through a sequence of dominant serotypes. (nature.com)
  • This article is part of a five part series to share findings from a regional Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) mapping exercise undertaken by ECDPM. (ecdpm.org)
  • The reserve is situated along the Garden Route , making it the perfect South African safari destination to compliment a Cape Town visit and a trip along the country's beautiful coast. (kariega.co.za)
  • The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major economic and development challenges facing Africa today. (un.org)
  • Of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS across the world, almost three quarters live in Eastern and Southern Africa, Sheila Tlou, the Director of the Regional Support Team for the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS ( UNAIDS ) told a media briefing in Geneva. (un.org)
  • RF DPBEN5 - A Bull Elephant ( Loxodonta africana ) grazing in Kruger National Park, South Africa. (alamy.com)
  • Explore Eastern Africa on a Serengeti safari, trek up Mount Kilimanjaro, or tiptoe past endangered gorillas in mountain jungles. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • This part of the country is a hotspot for visitors wanting an authentic African safari as it boasts an excellent variety of game reserves and national parks. (sa-venues.com)
  • Kariega Game Reserve is a family-owned and operated Big 5 private safari reserve located in South Africa's Eastern Cape. (kariega.co.za)
  • Find out more about Kariega - your once in a lifetime choice for a safari in South Africa. (kariega.co.za)
  • We empirically investigate the existence of periodically collapsing bubbles in seven Middle East and North African (MENA) financial markets for the period ending in May 2009. (repec.org)
  • A second change is the adoption of a new response option for respondents of Middle Eastern or North African (MENA) descent. (cdc.gov)
  • Most respondents were either Black/African American (26), White (25) or MENA (23). (cdc.gov)
  • T. James and P. Karl, "Economic losses and poverty effects of droughts and floods in Malawi," OER Africa, 2009. (hindawi.com)
  • For example, with the current desert locust invasion and crisis in Eastern Africa, regional reporting through the ICPAC Regional Crop Monitor has provided countries with up-to-date information on extent and impact. (phys.org)
  • In June 2014, Somali Prime Minister Ahmed recommitted Somalia to the force during an African Union Summit in Equatorial Guinea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.N. Children's Fund warns poor rainfall and the El Nino weather phenomenon are putting hundreds of thousands of children at risk of hunger and disease in parts of eastern and southern Africa. (voanews.com)
  • Some countries in eastern and southern Africa have endured two seasons of poor or non-existent rainfall. (voanews.com)
  • Culturally, the Eastern Cape's greatest attraction is Grahamstown, which hosts a National Arts Festival every July. (flysaa.com)
  • In February 2005, seven countries in the Eastern African region came together because they saw mutual benefit in having one power pool. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objectives of the Eastern Africa Power Pool include (a) the reduction of power costs within the region (b) facilitation of power trade between the members (c) increasing energy availability to citizens of member countries (d) increase the grid security of the member countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • But until now its potential in the Eastern African Rift Valley region has remained largely untapped. (renewableenergyworld.com)
  • So before Lucy the Australopithecus and before Homo heidelbergis , Homo erectus and the rest of the hominin pack was Graecopithecus freybergi , and he didn't live in Africa, but in the Mediterranean region and Balkans, reports an international group of scientists. (haaretz.com)
  • 19 January 2012 Eastern and Southern Africa, the region most affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, is making great strides to scale up access to prevention and treatment services, a United Nations official said today, adding that focus is on behavioural change and prevention of mother-to-child transmission. (un.org)
  • To support the integration program, COMESA has established financial institutions to provide not just the much needed credit (the Trade and Development Bank), but also to provide insurance for non-commercial risks (the African Trade Insurance Agency), re-insurance (ZEP-Re (PTA) Reinsurance Company) and to facilitate international payments (the Regional Payment and Settlement System), and to underpin competition in the region (the COMESA Competition Commission). (comesa.int)
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) comprises 21 African Member States that came together with the aim of promoting regional integration through trade and the development of natural and human resources for the mutual benefit of all people in the region. (comesa.int)
  • We focused on Eastern Africa and we used a mixed methodology, which allowed us to explore the current uses of ICT to strengthen accountability and to forecast the growth of mobile phones' adaption in that region. (eldis.org)
  • This package of care combining oral treatment and a specific diagnostic tool for primary VL could potentially improve overall case management in eastern Africa and be the cornerstone of successful control and elimination approaches for national programmes in the region," said Dr Monique Wasunna, Director, DND i Africa. (eurekalert.org)
  • At the moment, the Indian Ocean's eastern African seabed is the only one in the world without a submarine fiber-optic cable, forcing the region to rely heavily on limited and expensive satellite links. (technologyreview.com)
  • The cable can "contribute to the expanding intra-Africa trade by providing better communication in the region," Abiodun Jagun, a researcher in information communication technologies at the University of Manchester, said in a February paper. (technologyreview.com)
  • TransConflict is pleased to present an update on conflict dynamics and peacebuilding efforts in the Greater Horn and Great Lakes Region in Africa. (transconflict.com)
  • On the night of the finals, on Sunday 8 December, she advanced to the top 20, becoming the first semi-finalist from the Africa/Asia-Pacific region. (sahistory.org.za)
  • South Africa has highest number of new cases in the region and the continent, with 7,808 cases and 153 deaths. (unfpa.org)
  • Over 500,000 people have been tested in the region with South Africa accounting for over 65% of the total tests done. (unfpa.org)
  • The North African region is driven by the substantial reserves of phosphate primarily located in Morocco, which produced around 28 million metric tons (MMt) of phosphate rock in 2011. (sbwire.com)
  • This project will build competence in higher education and research on fish and environmental health to monitor and protect wild freshwater and marine fish populations which are essential for food security and food safety in the southern African region. (norad.no)
  • The awards recognize the products of long-term collaboration and team-building in the region, oriented towards the rapid development, release, and scaling-up of locally adapted, stress tolerant, and nutritionally enhanced maize varieties," says Wilfred Mwangi, leader of the Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA) project, which was launched in 2006 and which sponsored the awards. (cimmyt.org)
  • It offers secondary and tertiary medical services in the former Transkei region of the Eastern Cape province. (scielo.org.za)
  • Kariega Game Reserve is ideally situated in the subtropical Eastern Cape coastal region and easily accessible by road and air. (kariega.co.za)
  • Many stakeholders in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) agree on the importance of delineating a regional approach to food security in the region. (ecdpm.org)
  • South Africa, Mauritius and Djibouti also are involved in the four projects, though they are already connected to other undersea cables. (technologyreview.com)
  • A closing ceremony in Grand Bara, Djibouti capped off a four-day field training exercise conducted by the newly forged Eastern African Standby. (defenceweb.co.za)
  • The Eastern Rock Elephant Shrew is predominantly a diurnal species, occasionally crepuscular or even nocturnal during bright moonlit nights. (krugerpark.co.za)
  • The results of this study also confirm that there were multiple introductions of domestic chickens, today an important food source and ritually significant species, to different parts of Africa at different times. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • We aimed to elucidate the fly species that cause myiasis in humans in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • Here, we present a glacial chronology for the Ethiopian Highlands in comparison with other East African Mountains. (sciencemag.org)
  • Well-preserved moraine sequences and other glacial landforms testify to multiple glacier advances in the High Atlas, East African Mountains, and Ethiopian Highlands ( Fig. 1 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Latest glacial chronological and paleoclimatological studies from the East African Mountains and Ethiopian Highlands indicate distinct climatic and ecological changes at high elevations as they provide evidence for multiple glacier advances, a pronounced cooling, and depression of altitudinal vegetation belts during the Late Pleistocene ( 7 , 9 - 12 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • B ) Overview of cosmogenic glacial chronologies from the Ethiopian Highlands and East African Mountains [sites IV and V in (A)] based on 36 Cl and 10 Be exposure ages ( 7 , 9 - 12 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • In Parasites with a highly resistant mutant dihydropteroate sub-Saharan Africa, P . falciparum resistance to sulfadox- synthase( dhps )haplotypehaverecentlyemergedineast- ine/pyrimethamine (SP) is widespread, as shown by clinical ernAfrica;theynegatedpreventivebenefitsofsulfadoxine/ treatment failures and the prevalence of molecular markers pyrimethamine, and might exacerbate placental malaria. (cdc.gov)
  • Male circumcision reduces the risk for female-to-male human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission by approximately 60% ( 1 ) and has become a key component of global HIV prevention programs in countries in Eastern and Southern Africa where HIV prevalence is high and circumcision coverage is low. (cdc.gov)
  • South Africa's first National Tuberculosis (TB) Prevalence Survey has entered its second leg as fieldworkers visit households around the Eastern Cape to invite eligible community members to participate in a study that aims to determine the prevalence of TB disease in South Africa. (mrc.ac.za)
  • The Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF), formerly Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG), is one of the five regional forces for Peace Support Operations (PSOs) of the African Standby Force, consisting of military, police and civilian components. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, CIMMYT has produced fact sheets and videos to raise awareness on MLN, in addition to organizing meetings and workshops to train partners from national research programs in eastern Africa on how to identify the disease and curb its spread. (cimmyt.org)
  • The Dissemination Team Award recognizes efforts that bring all the necessary players together-from breeders to NGOs to seed companies, and even millers, involving farmers along the way, to get the (QPM) technology to consumers," says Dennis Friesen, CIMMYT maize agronomist for eastern Africa. (cimmyt.org)
  • COMESA, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, was established on 8 December 1994 as the successor to the Preferential Trade Area (PTA). (comesa.int)
  • When the new dawn ar-rived in 1994, South Africa at-tracted many young in-ter-na-tional trav-ellers. (pressreader.com)
  • Below average precipitation during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa can have devastating long-term impacts on water availability and agriculture. (springer.com)
  • The Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP), is a collaborative effort by eleven countries in Eastern Africa to interconnect their electricity grids and take advantage of excess capacity within the network and facilitate trade of electric power between the members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Te table below, outlines the installed capacity, peak demand and the excess capacity or deficit for each of the eleven countries in the Eastern Africa Power Pool, as of June 2019. (wikipedia.org)
  • to New Zealand), in the Rift Valley of Africa, and in volcanic regions of Mediterranean countries. (britannica.com)
  • He added, however, that from the samples available, the team was not able to pinpoint exactly which countries in eastern Africa the strain had come from. (voanews.com)
  • A lot has been in countries in Eastern and Southern Africa on mother-to-child infections," said Ms Tlou. (un.org)
  • A new study to find a safer, efficacious and more patient-friendly treatment and improved diagnostic tools for people living with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has begun in eastern Africa, within the new Afri-KA-DIA Consortium with funding from The European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP). (eurekalert.org)
  • Four projects are in the works to link 22 eastern, central and southern African countries to the world's network of submarine cables and 21st century communications. (technologyreview.com)
  • A 2005 study by a U.N. task force found that 90 percent of calls between African countries are routed by satellite through Europe or North America at a cost of US$400 million a year. (technologyreview.com)
  • When a qualifying notifiable adverse human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission by event occurs, the in-country office is notified and conducts an approximately 60% ( 1 ) and has become a key component investigation including a review of the patient's medical chart of global HIV prevention programs in countries in Eastern for relevant clinical data. (cdc.gov)
  • Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a key component of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection prevention programs in 14 Eastern and Southern African countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Through experience sharing amongst countries, the meeting collected inputs that will feed into national country reports and guidelines in support of efficient school food and nutrition interventions in Eastern Africa. (fao.org)
  • The report analyzes the mining industry of the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions with select countries in focus. (sbwire.com)
  • For many African countries, lack of food is one of the most, pressing issues today. (phys.org)
  • Dr. Catherine Nakalembe, Africa Program Lead for NASA Harvest, is helping countries there build systems to monitor crops based on NASA's and European Space Agency's free satellite data, allowing them to make life-saving decisions related to food security sooner and with a deeper evidence-base. (phys.org)
  • Although African countries have legislations for the management of pollution and aquaculture, they lack knowledge and competence to ensure an appreciable level of pollution control and disease diagnosis and prevention in aquaculture operations. (norad.no)
  • African swine fever (ASF) is continuing to cause problems across eastern Europe, with new cases identified in four countries in the past fortnight including the first ever cases in Moldova. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • Other Eastern European EU countries, including Hungary, Romania and Slovakia have put wild boar surveillance areas in place along the borders, part funded by EU programmes. (npa-uk.org.uk)
  • The Eastern Rock Elephant Shrew is widely distributed in South Africa, occurring in the North West Province, Northern Province, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, the Free State , northern Eastern Cape Province and in the mountain regions of western KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho. (krugerpark.co.za)
  • Food Security Eastern Southern Africa COMESA or Tripartite? (ecdpm.org)
  • ECDPM GREAT insights magazine More Effective and Efficient Public Expenditure Food Security plans in Eastern and Southern Africa: COMESA or Tripartite? (ecdpm.org)
  • Each monthly article will highlight lessons learned from one of four African regions (COMESA, EAC, ECOWAS and SADC). (ecdpm.org)
  • We believe the split between the ancestors of chimps and humans was created in the eastern Mediterranean,' Bohme says. (haaretz.com)
  • When El Graeco lived, the uncrossable wasteland of the Sahara lay between habitable parts of Africa and the Mediterranean. (haaretz.com)
  • The arrival of rats, a famous vector for the plague, comes close on the heels of the Justinian Plague outbreak of 541-542 BC in the Eastern Roman Empire and around the Mediterranean. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Located in a rehabbed corner storefront, the restaurant is a quaint, casual bistro with Mediterranean and North African fare. (riverfronttimes.com)
  • Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo-Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). (springer.com)
  • Even before these current challenges, Eastern Africa was considered among the most food insecure regions of the world, with nearly 28 million people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity in 2019, or 20 percent of the total severely food insecure population across the world. (fao.org)
  • Mthatha - Hundreds of people descended onto Mthatha Airport in the Eastern Cape on Sunday afternoon to welcome newly crowned Miss South Africa, Zozibini Tunzi, as she arrived from Johannesburg to her home province, to celebrate her crown with her family. (sahistory.org.za)
  • To address this debate, the researchers analyzed bone samples from 22 sites in eastern Africa, in inland, coastal and island contexts. (eurekalert.org)
  • These swell maps can be animated to show the different swell components, wave energy, wave period, wave heights, together with wind and weather forecasts, current weather and sea state observations from South Africa wave-buoys, passing ships and coastal weather stations. (surf-forecast.com)
  • CIMMYT's partnerships on maize in eastern Africa hark back to the 1960s, when the center was launched. (cimmyt.org)
  • Maize flour in eastern Africa is used mostly to make the starchy staple food known as ugali, and maize provides the bulk of inhabitants' energy and protein in Tanzania. (cimmyt.org)
  • Great Rift Valley , also called Eastern Rift Valley or Rift Valley , major branch of the East African Rift System. (britannica.com)
  • found in the Eastern (Great) Rift Valley are smaller than those of the Western Rift and constitute several independent inland drainage basins. (britannica.com)
  • The main branch, the Eastern Rift Valley (often called the Great Rift Valley, or Rift Valley), extends along the entire length of the system. (britannica.com)
  • A plan to dramatically increase the levels of electricity generated from "hot rocks" in Eastern Africa has been drawn up at a key conference held at the headquarters of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). (renewableenergyworld.com)
  • 18 February 2014 - The United Nations human rights office today strongly condemned the attack on several villages in north-eastern Nigeria on Sunday that led to the death of more than 150 people. (un.org)
  • It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community to bring peace and development to Africa. (un.org)
  • africa, madagascar, eastern africa images at photo community Die Palme des Reisenden Photo & image by Aah. (fotocommunity.com)
  • We will be targeting all nine provinces in the country and look forward to participation in the Eastern Cape similar to the high participation rates from KwaZulu-Natal in March 2018. (mrc.ac.za)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly contagious livestock disease widespread in Africa that contributes to this poverty. (nature.com)
  • FILE - The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says chronic hunger remains highest in sub-Saharan Africa, where one in four people are malnourished. (voanews.com)
  • Make a gift to provide support for the program work of RCA missionaries Roger and Sue Scheenstra among the O people in eastern Africa. (rca.org)
  • Genomics enabled us to discover that the strain of cholera behind the devastating and ongoing epidemic in Yemen is likely linked to the migration of people from eastern Africa into Yemen," said Thomson. (voanews.com)
  • We have to now focus on making sure that we scale up voluntary medical male circumcision, behaviour change, and all those [inte Of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS across the world, almost three quarters live in Eastern and Southern Africa rventions] to make sure that we reduce infections," she said. (un.org)
  • She stated that even in South Africa, where an estimated 5.6 million people are infected, the Government has scaled up prevention measures and is politically committed to turning the tide against the epidemic, including reducing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). (un.org)
  • The majority of the estimated 15 million HIV-infected people eligible for of anti-retroviral treatments also reside in Eastern and Southern Africa, and it is crucial that access to treatment there also be scaled up. (un.org)
  • Sidwadweni is a little village with about a 150 people for its population, in the Eastern Cape which has produced a Celebrity! (sahistory.org.za)
  • He further reminded the role of school food and nutrition to support food systems that provide people with healthy safe, affordable, and sustainable diets contributing to the double duty approach of addressing both stunting and obesity in Eastern Africa. (fao.org)
  • Similarly, Angelline Rudakubana, Director of the WFP Liaison Office to the African Union and UNECA highlighted the role of mutually reinforcing and interconnected interventions that prioritize engagement of schoolchildren, smallholder farmers, and young people to scale up school food and nutrition endeavors, which are paramount to school retention and increased productivity in Africa. (fao.org)
  • This survey is the first of its kind in the country and people in the Eastern Cape are eager to participate and play their part in reflecting the true burden of tuberculosis in their province," says Co-Principal Investigator of the survey, Professor Martie van der Walt. (mrc.ac.za)
  • The Survey will also provide information on how people with TB seek care in South Africa. (mrc.ac.za)
  • This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa. (ifpri.org)
  • This review demonstrates that migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security interact in complex ways that are little researched and understood in the Southern and Eastern African context. (ifpri.org)
  • The back-migration of M1 and U6 into Africa seems to be at a similar time depth as the one proposed by these authors (post-initial UP, but pre-Neolithic). (blogspot.com)
  • Taking into account published mitochondrial, Y chromosome, paleoclimate, and archaeological data, we find that the time of the Ethio-Somali back-to-Africa migration is most likely pre-agricultural. (blogspot.com)
  • AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. (ajol.info)
  • Archaeologists announced Friday that they have discovered human footprints in England that are between 800,000 and 1 million years old - the most ancient found outside Africa , and the earliest evidence of human life in northern Europe. (slashdot.org)
  • The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. (eurekalert.org)
  • Now, domestic chickens and black rats can be added to this list, with their earliest introductions in eastern Africa dating to between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. (eurekalert.org)
  • Overall, we provide strong evidence for the feasibility of coordinated foot-and-mouth disease control as part of livestock development policies in eastern Africa, and our integrated socioeconomic, epidemiological, laboratory and modelling approach provides a framework for the study of other disease systems. (nature.com)
  • UNEP DEWA/PAN-AFRICAN START, "Vulnerability of water resources to environmental change in Africa," River Basin Approach, UNEP, 2004. (hindawi.com)
  • EASF constitutes the regional operational arm of the peacekeeping elements of the African Peace and Security Architecture, put in place by the 2002 Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Camberlin P, Philippon N (2002) The east african March - May rainy season: Associated atmospheric dynamics and predictability over the 1968-97 period. (springer.com)
  • The oldest, the four-year-old Eastern Africa Submarine Cable Systems, or EASSy, was conceived by a group of East African businessmen in November 2002. (technologyreview.com)
  • In the most recent genomic studies, this non-African ancestry has been attributed to admixture with Middle Eastern populations during the last few thousand years. (blogspot.com)
  • After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African origin chromosome segments, we found support for a distinct African (Ethiopic) ancestry and a distinct non-African (Ethio-Somali) ancestry in HOA populations. (blogspot.com)
  • The African Ethiopic ancestry is tightly restricted to HOA populations and likely represents an autochthonous HOA population. (blogspot.com)
  • The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has declared that the vision of economic development in Africa must be based on raising and sustaining higher rates of economic growth, and the African Heads of State and Government adopted the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Program (CAADP), which calls for a 6% annual growth in agricultural production, as a framework for the restoration of agricultural growth, food security and rural development in Africa. (ipipotash.org)
  • With the endorsement of the CAADP by African Heads of States in 2003, the continent's agriculture and food security agenda started to return to the spotlight (see Box 1). (ecdpm.org)
  • The MoU provides for three EASF policy-formulating, -controlling and -implementing organs: The Assembly of Eastern Africa Heads of State and Government The Assembly has the supreme authority over EASF. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security The Council, which congresses at least twice a year, manages all aspects relating to EASF, appoints the Director and Heads of departments of EASFCOM as well as the Commander of EASBRIG. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sheila Tlou, Director of the UNAIDS Regional Support Team for East and Southern Africa. (un.org)
  • Regional Committee for Africa, 2 (‎ World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Regional Office for Africa. (who.int)
  • If you're planning on local, regional or international travel, be sure to book your flight tickets with South African Airways. (flysaa.com)
  • Studying the climate and glacial history of the mountains in Eastern Africa is of particular interest since the topography on both sides of the East African Rift along with an amplified regional cooling at high elevations favored the formation of numerous ice caps and valley glaciers ( 3 - 6 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Refugees are especially vulnerable to the spread of COVID-19 because they are crowded together in camps with weak or inadequate shelter, health services and access to clean water and sanitation," said Michael Dunford, WFP Eastern Africa Regional Director. (mediamonitors.net)
  • Equity Price Bubbles in the Middle Eastern and North African Financial Markets ," MPRA Paper 17859, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • The Middle Eastern and North African immigrant population in the United States topped 1 million in 2013. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Dr. Michael Barak examines the reaction to the Palestinian prisoner's hunger strike on Middle Eastern social media. (dayan.org)
  • Climate change is going to have large effects on the production of livestock in eastern Africa. (wur.nl)
  • There are multiple ways to frame livestock keeping in eastern Africa, leading to high levels of ambiguity. (wur.nl)
  • Using ethnographic methods while embedded in an ongoing action research program of the International Livestock Research Institute, Laura will collect data on the framing used to address ambiguity and the discussions involved to bring together issues, solutions and political will to spur policy change within the livestock sector in eastern Africa. (wur.nl)
  • The HSRC was established in 1968 as South Africa's statutory research agency and has grown to become the largest dedicated research institute in the social sciences and humanities on the African continent, doing cutting-edge public research in areas that are crucial to development. (mrc.ac.za)