A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Phylogeny of a rapidly evolving clade: the cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi, East Africa. (1/271)

Lake Malawi contains a flock of >500 species of cichlid fish that have evolved from a common ancestor within the last million years. The rapid diversification of this group has been attributed to morphological adaptation and to sexual selection, but the relative timing and importance of these mechanisms is not known. A phylogeny of the group would help identify the role each mechanism has played in the evolution of the flock. Previous attempts to reconstruct the relationships among these taxa using molecular methods have been frustrated by the persistence of ancestral polymorphisms within species. Here we describe results from a DNA fingerprinting technique that overcomes this problem by examining thousands of polymorphisms distributed across the genome. The resulting dendrogram averages the evolutionary history of thousands of genes and should accurately reflect the evolutionary history of these species. Our tree resolves relationships among closely related Lake Malawi cichlids and provides insights into the pattern of speciation in this group. We demonstrate that adaptive divergence in trophic morphology played an important role during the early history of the lake. Subsequent species diversity has arisen with little change in trophic morphology, which suggests that other forces are responsible for the continued speciation of these fishes.  (+info)

Typing of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi C isolates from various countries by plasmid profiles and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. (2/271)

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of 61 Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi C isolates from six countries gave five distinct clusters. Twenty-four isolates from five countries were susceptible to 10 antimicrobials tested and gave similar restriction endonuclease digest patterns of the 38-MDa plasmid. In contrast, plasmid and PFGE profiles of 37 multidrug-resistant isolates from Zaire were different from those from other countries.  (+info)

Natural experimental models: the global search for biomedical paradigms among traditional, modernizing, and modern populations. (3/271)

During the past four decades, biomedical scientists have slowly begun to recognize the unique opportunities for studying biomedical processes, disease etiology, and mechanisms of pathogenesis in populations with unusual genetic structures, physiological characteristics, focal endemic disease, or special circumstances. Such populations greatly extend our research capabilities and provide a natural laboratory for studying relationships among biobehavioral, genetic, and ecological processes that are involved in the development of disease. The models presented illustrate three different types of natural experiments: those occurring in traditionally living, modernizing, and modern populations. The examples are drawn from current research that involves population mechanisms of adaptation among East African Turkana pastoralists; a search for etiology and mechanisms of pathogenesis of an emerging disease among the Yakut people of Siberia; and psychosocial stress, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in women working outside the home in New York City and among subpopulations in Hawaii. The models in general, and the examples in specific, represent natural laboratories in which relatively small intrapopulation differences and large interpopulation differences can be used to evaluate health and disease outcomes.  (+info)

Epidemiological uses of a population model for the tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus. (4/271)

The spatial and temporal risk of tick-borne disease depends fundamentally on the distribution, abundance and seasonal dynamics of the vector ticks. The latter factor exerts a major quantitative influence on the transmission dynamics of tick-borne parasites. The population model for Rhipicephalus appendiculatus applies throughout the range of this tick in eastern Africa, and predicts all three fundamental risk factors on the basis of the local temperature and rainfall conditions. Satellite imagery can provide more detailed, real-time measures of environmental conditions over extensive areas than climatic data. There is preliminary evidence to suggest that the population model could be driven by satellite-derived surrogates of its climatic predictors, thus providing wide-scale predictive risk maps of theileriosis.  (+info)

The origin and age of haplochromine fishes in Lake Victoria, east Africa. (5/271)

According to a widely held view, the more than 300 species of haplochromine cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria (LV), East Africa, originated from a single founder species in less than 12,000 years. This view, however, does not follow from the published geological and molecular evidence. The former does indeed suggest that the LV basin dried out less than 15,000 years ago, but it does not provide any information about the species that re-colonized the new lake or that remained in the rivers draining the area. The molecular evidence is inconclusive with respect to the origin of the LV haplochromines because cichlids from critical regions around LV were not adequately sampled; and as far as the age of the LV haplochromines is concerned, it in fact led to an estimate of 250,000-750,000 years old. In the present study, mitochondrial DNA (control region) variation was determined by heteroduplex and sequencing analyses of more than 670 specimens collected at widely distributed East African riverine and lacustrine localities. The analyses revealed the existence of seven haplogroups (I-VII) distinguishable by characteristic substitutions. All endemic LV samples tested fell into one of these haplogroups (V) which, however, was also found to be present at various other localities, both riverine and lacustrine, outside LV. Within this haplogroup, four subgroups (VA through VD) could be distinguished, two of which (VB and VC) were represented in LV and at other localities. The great majority of the LV haplochromine species could be classified as belonging to the VC subgroup, which was found only in LV and in the rivers draining into it. Hence, while the endemic haplochromine species of LV could not have originated from a single founding population, the lake does harbour a large species flock which probably arose in situ.  (+info)

Long term results of glaucoma surgery among participants in an east African population survey. (6/271)

AIM: To evaluate the long term results of glaucoma surgery among people in East Africa. METHODS: Participants in a population based survey of eye disease prevalence were offered glaucoma surgery using standardised criteria. Either surgical iridectomy or trabeculectomy was carried out as indicated by a medical officer or by one of two ophthalmologists. Trabeculectomy methods included releasable sutures and mitomycin C in the majority of eyes. Subjects were examined during the first week and 2 months after surgery. Nearly 3 years later, re-examination was carried out in those who were still resident in the region. RESULTS: Among 46 people who were offered iridectomy, trabeculectomy, or combined cataract extraction/lens implant/trabeculectomy, 21 people underwent surgery (46%). Of the 21, 19 were re-examined at 3 years (90%), including 16/18 eyes after trabeculectomy. Among these, intraocular pressure (IOP) declined from 29.9 (SD 9.4) mm Hg to 14.7 (5.9) mm Hg, with 16 of 18 eyes (89%) achieving a reduction > 25%. Hypotony maculopathy, late bleb leak, and late endophthalmitis were not detected. Visually significant cataract developed in 5/15 re-examined eyes that underwent trabeculectomy alone (33%), possibly associated with pre-existing cataract and diagnosis of angle closure glaucoma, but not with mitomycin C use. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of those with glaucoma among residents of rural African villages accepted the offer of surgical therapy. While technical success was achieved at satisfactory levels, the development of cataract must be considered an important issue for application of glaucoma surgical therapy programmes.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (7/271)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins. (8/271)

DNA from ancient human remains provides perspectives on the origin of our species and the relationship between molecular and morphological variation. We report analysis of mtDNA from the remains of 10 ancient Australians. These include the morphologically gracile Lake Mungo 3 [ approximately 60 thousand years (ka) before present] and three other gracile individuals from Holocene deposits at Willandra Lakes (<10 ka), all within the skeletal range of living Australians, and six Pleistocene/early Holocene individuals (15 to <8 ka) from Kow Swamp with robust morphologies outside the skeletal range of contemporary indigenous Australians. Lake Mungo 3 is the oldest (Pleistocene) "anatomically modern" human from whom DNA has been recovered. His mtDNA belonged to a lineage that only survives as a segment inserted into chromosome 11 of the nuclear genome, which is now widespread among human populations. This lineage probably diverged before the most recent common ancestor of contemporary human mitochondrial genomes. This timing of divergence implies that the deepest known mtDNA lineage from an anatomically modern human occurred in Australia; analysis restricted to living humans places the deepest branches in East Africa. The other ancient Australian individuals we examined have mtDNA sequences descended from the most recent common ancestor of living humans. Our results indicate that anatomically modern humans were present in Australia before the complete fixation of the mtDNA lineage now found in all living people. Sequences from additional ancient humans may further challenge current concepts of modern human origins.  (+info)

Climate change is going to have large effects on the production of livestock in eastern Africa. The impacts will come not just from the biophysical effects of climate change but also in the form of policies that will be formulated in reaction to global processes requiring national adaptation and mitigation interventions. There are multiple ways to frame livestock keeping in eastern Africa, leading to high levels of ambiguity. As researchers generate scientific evidence and policy makers seek to revise or generate policies, the role of science-policy interfaces is crucial in navigating the use of knowledge in policy formulation. Laura Cramers research will examine how scientific evidence is employed by knowledge-brokers and used to inform policies related to livestock and climate change in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. There is a growing emphasis on the use of science to inform policy, but the complexities of policy making processes are not always acknowledged. This research will look at the role ...
This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of One Health Central and Eastern Africa and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. © One Health Central and Eastern Africa 2018: All rights reserved.. ...
We report four novel KIR2DL2 alleles and two novel KIR2DL3 alleles identified from an East African population using sequence-based typing. Sequencing and molecular cloning of exon 4 confirmed that the new 2DL2 alleles were identical to 2DL2*003, except for the following nucleotide differences: 2DL2*00601 had a difference at codon 16 (CGC→CCC), resulting in a coding change from arginine to proline; 2DL2*00602 also had this difference at codon 16, as well as a synonymous difference (GAT→GAC) at codon 31; 2DL2*00303 had a synonymous difference (AAA→AAG) at codon 61; and 2DL2*00304 had a synonymous difference (GGG→GGA) at codon 75. 2DL3*017 was identical to 2DL3*005 except at codon 11 (CGG→CTG, arginine→leucine) and exon 9, codons 297 (CAC→CGC, histidine→arginine) and 321 (TGA→AGA, stop codon→arginine). 2DL3*00104 was identical to KIR2DL3*001 except for a synonymous difference (GAG→GAA) at codon 54. Identification of novel killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) alleles ...
Eastern African History by Robert O Collins starting at $1.37. Eastern African History has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Plans to lay an undersea fiber-optic cable off eastern Africa could be the beginning of the end of crackling long-distance calls, slow dial-up Internet connections and universities without e-mail. Four projects are in the works to link 22 eastern, central and southern African countries to the worlds network of submarine cables…
Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF) Director Abdillahi Omar Bouh told Xinhua in Nairobi that the 10-member regional standby force is set to have a council of ministers meeting in December in Sudan where the approval process could be activated ...
The climax of the Kenya education system is symbolized by university education. This reality was acknowledged by the big number of freshmen that joined the University of Eastern Africa, Baraton. The new students that were excited to be at the university received a great welcome from the Bara community and each one was ready to adopt the words once a Baratonian, always a Baraton.. The land of milk and eggs, the land where music is made or will we say composed, the land of great diversity, the home of peace and love, such are the great values that the students received from all the speakers.. ...
Ongadi, P.M., Lukuyu, B.A., Mpolya, E.A., Wang, M. and Chagunda, M.G.G. 2019. Year round feed and fodder availability in smallholder dairy farms across high and low altitude areas in Eastern Africa. Paper presented at the Tropentag 2019: Filling Gaps and Removing Traps for Sustainable Resource Management, University of Kassel, Kassel, Korir Germany, 18-20 September 2019 ...
This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa.
LEAD SEA works across the southern and eastern Africa region. LEAD SEA is formed of legally independent but related national organisations. Currently there are
We investigated the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT, namely mobile phones) in support of citizen agency and its potential in calling for authorities accountability. We focused on Eastern Africa and we used a mixed methodology, which allowed us to explore the current uses of ICT to strengthen accountability and to forecast the growth of mobile phones adaption in that region. Evidence from both analyses suggests that there are two main areas where citizen agency and ICT can reinforce each other in bottom-up and horizontal processes: participation and engagement of citizens, and the diffusion of information. ...
This is the current revision of Eastern Africa as edited by PhilipN (Talk , contribs) at 17:34, 1 January 2012. This URL is a permanent link to this version of this page ...
Extracts from Agricultural production and malaria resurgence in Central America and India by Georganne Chapin and Robert Wasserstrom published inNature Vol 293 17 September 1981 pages 181--185
Time: 6.00 - 8.30pm. The President Sister Cities International, Ms. Mary Kane, will preside over the official launch of the Eastern Africa Sister Cities (EASC) initiative on 29 February 2012. Participants to this event will include urban council and business leaders, as well as civil society members engaged in humanitarian activities in this region. My visit to Kenya and Ghana provides an excellent opportunity for Sister Cities International to support regional partners like Eastern Africa Sister Cities and Africa Global Sister Cities Foundation (Ghana) who are spreading the sister cities concept and helping local sister cities programs with their expertise and connections. My hope for the future is not only to see more sister city relationships between the U.S.A and Africa, but to see more sister cities develop between African countries so there is more regional cooperation, Said Ms. Mary Kane President and CEO, Sister Cities International.. The Eastern Africa Sister Cities (EASC) was ...
FAO-Sida report providing evidence and lessons learned from a climate adaptation pilot project in Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia.. With around 80 per cent of the population of the Eastern African region dependent on agriculture which is at risk from climate change impacts, particularly increasing water scarcity and more variable rainfall and seasonal patterns, countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia face a pressing need to implement climate adaptation measures. This report presents the evidence from a FAO-Sida supported pilot project within these three countries, which targeted intervention at strengthening community and individual producers adaptive capacity using different institutional training mechanisms tailored to each country-specific context. The paper is split into two parts. First, a planning framework for adaptation at the local level is presented, before project findings are outlined. Overall, the project demonstrated that a substantial boost in investment is needed, and that ...
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to explore the region of current-day Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique by sea, Vasco da Gama having visited Mombasa in 1498. Gamas voyage was successful in reaching India and this permitted the Portuguese to trade with the Far East directly by sea, thus challenging older trading networks of mixed land and sea routes, such as the spice trade routes that utilized the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and camel caravans to reach the eastern Mediterranean.. The Republic of Venice had gained control over much of the trade routes between Europe and Asia. After traditional land routes to India had been closed by the Ottoman Turks, Portugal hoped to use the sea route pioneered by Gama to break the once Venetian trading monopoly. Portuguese rule in East Africa focused mainly on a coastal strip centred in Mombasa. The Portuguese presence in East Africa officially began after 1505, when flagships under the command of Don Francisco de Almeida conquered Kilwa, an island located in ...
The hunter-gatherer populations of southern and eastern Africa are known to harbor some of the most ancient human lineages, but their historical relationships are poorly understood. We report data from 22 populations analyzed at over half a million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a genome-wide array designed for studies of history. The southern Africans-here called Khoisan-fall into two groups, loosely corresponding to the northwestern and southeastern Kalahari, which we show separated within the last 30,000 years. All individuals derive at least a few percent of their genomes from admixture with non-Khoisan populations that began 1,200 years ago. In addition, the Hadza, an east African hunter-gatherer population that speaks a language with click consonants, derive about a quarter of their ancestry from admixture with a population related to the Khoisan, implying an ancient genetic link between southern and eastern Africa ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Studies of human mitochondrial (mt) DNA genomes demonstrate that the root of the human phylogenetic tree occurs in Africa. Although 2 mtDNA lineages with an African origin (haplogroups M and N) were the progenitors of all non-African haplogroups, macrohaplogroup L (including haplogroups L0-L6) is limited to sub-Saharan Africa. Several L haplogroup lineages occur most frequently in eastern Africa (e.g., L0a, L0f, L5, and L3g), but some are specific to certain ethnic groups, such as haplogroup lineages L0d and L0k that previously have been found nearly exclusively among southern African click speakers. Few studies have included multiple mtDNA genome samples belonging to haplogroups that occur in eastern and southern Africa but are rare or absent elsewhere. This lack of sampling in eastern Africa makes it difficult to infer relationships among mtDNA haplogroups or to examine events that occurred early in human history. We sequenced 62 complete mtDNA genomes of ethnically diverse Tanzanians, ...
1. Nakhooda S, Caravani A, Neil Bird, Schalatek L (2011) Climate finance fundamentals: regional briefing for Sub Saharan Africa. Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Available: http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/7474.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 2. African Development Bank (2011) The cost of adaptation to climate change in Africa. Available: http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Cost%20of%20Adaptation%20in%20Africa.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 3. WHO (2008) Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: WHO.. 4. ByassP (2009) Climate change and population health in Africa: where are the scientists? Glob Health Action 2 doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2065. 5. HaySI, RogersDJ, RandolphSE, SternDI, CoxJ, et al. (2002) Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlands. Trends Parasitol 18: 530-534.. 6. OmumboJA, WaweruSM, OmumboJA, ...
For many African countries, lack of food is one of the most, pressing issues today. Dr. Catherine Nakalembe, Africa Program Lead for NASA Harvest, is helping countries there build systems to monitor crops based on NASAs ...
Die Palme des Reisenden Photo & image by Aah..z ᐅ View and rate this photo free at fotocommunity.de. Discover more images here.
Curious what your classmates look like now? Did they get married or have children? Are they looking for you? Over 1 million members have already joined ...
The ROAPE journal is available for personal or institutional subscribers from Taylor and Francis.. If you are based in Africa and have a pressing use for the journal and no means of subscribing, please get in touch with us at [email protected] ...
WHO digital library covers publications on issues including country data and statistics, health topics, and publications of 158 member countries including Kenya. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority of health within the United Nations system and is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defence against transnational threats.. WHO Health Library for Disasters ...
The orthography of many African languages includes diacritically marked characters. Falling outside the scope of the standard Latin encoding, these characters are often represented in digital language resources as their unmarked equivalents. This renders corpus compilation more difficult, as these languages typically do not have the benefit of large electronic dictionaries to perform diacritic restoration. This is a demonstration system for a diacritic restoration method that is able to automatically restore diacritics on the basis of local graphemic context. It is based on the machine learning method of Memory-Based learning. We have applied the method to the African languages of Cilubà, Gĩkũyũ, Kĩkamba, Maa, Sesotho sa Leboa, Tshivenḓa and Yoruba. You can find more information on this system in this paper ...
The export button (to the right?) will allow you to export the search results of the entered query to a CSV file. To export the items, click the Export button. There are two options to select the items you want to export to a CSV. Either you export all results from a search query, or you select a subset of items from the search results. To select a subset of the search results, click Selective Export in the Export menu. After making a selection, click the CSV button. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to CSV. The amount of items you can export is limited, but authenticating will increase this limit. ...
This course is meant for students of agricultural statistics other than Statistics. The students would be exposed to non-parametric tests and basic sampling techniques. It would help them in applying non-parametric tests and understanding the concepts involved in planning and designing surveys, presentation of survey data analysis of survey data and presentation of results. This course would be especially important to the students of social sciences. Exercises on various Non-parametric tests; Random sampling, Use of random number tables, Simple random sampling, Determination of sample size, Exercises on Inverse sampling, Stratified sampling, Cluster sampling and Systematic sampling, Estimation using Ratio and regression estimators, Estimation using Multistage design and Double sampling.. ...
This course is meant to expose the students to the techniques of drawing representative samples from various populations and then preparing them on the mathematical formulations of estimating the population parameters based on the sample data. The students would also be exposed to the real life applications of sampling techniques and estimation of parameters.. Determination of sample size and selection of sample, Simple random sampling, Stratified random sampling, Cluster sampling, Systematic sampling, Ratio and regression methods of estimation, Double sampling, Multi-stage sampling.. ...
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The LEAD Fellows Training Programme is a set of highly experiential and participatory joined-up training courses to develop the knowledge, skills and personal
Disclaimer: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and its collaborative partners take no position on the diverse views presented in linked material by the various commentators, organizations & companies. As with any database, we cannot guarantee the factual accuracy of all the articles & reports we make available.. ...
The major causes of severe visual impairment and blindness overall have not changed appreciably since 1995. There are important differences among countries, however, and using overall estimates for planning may be misleading.
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File Information. The file size of this download and space required on device or microSD™/SD™ card is 950 MB. If this download does not fit on your device, data may be saved on a microSD/SD card (Recycled microSD cards may be used to program map data).. Please note, these full-version maps do not contain premium content such as junction view or 3-D buildings and terrain. These features only are available on the preloaded maps within your device or through a specific update for the mapping region of your device.. ...
Looking for East African Community Customs Union? Find out information about East African Community Customs Union. organization of E African nations established to promote regional economic and political cooperation. Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania. Explanation of East African Community Customs Union
Universities in the Eastern Africa Region have come together to implement an initiative Health Emergency Management Program (HEMP) that will build the capacity of local governments in the region to manage and plan for response to major disasters of public health importance. The Eastern African Region is prone to many natural and technological disasters of different kinds. There is not one nation in the region that is not vulnerable to the devastating effects of these disasters. Many of these disasters have a public health significance either directly in the case of epidemics of infectious diseases, or indirectly as a result of the breakdown of infrastructure associated with these disasters. The purpose of this initiative therefore is to increase the capacity of districts to plan for response, mitigation and preparedness for disasters, so as to reduce human suffering, morbidity and mortality that often arise from such incidents.The success and implementation of this program in the region has been ...
Posted in Health Diseases dont have passports - they can cross borders, the Hon. Jesca Eriyo, Deputy Secretary General Finance and Administration of the East African Community (EAC) Secretariat, reminded the participants of a three-day regional conference on Lessons for the Future - What East African Experts learned from fighting the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The conference was the first of its kind that brought together 50 of the 500 East African doctors, nurses, epidemiologists and many other health specialists who risked their lives by volunteering to be deployed to West Africa to fight the Ebola epidemic between 2014 and 2016. According to the World Health Organization, the epidemic killed over 11,000 people and more than 30,000 were infected, and there were real fears that the disease could spread to East Africa and beyond.. The conference, with participation from the African Union, from Regional Economic Communities and Regional Health and Development Organizations, from the WHO ...
Included in that gap is the decision by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to postpone the majority of its malaria-based funding for new grants through 2013. As recently as 2009, the Global Fund was providing roughly half of the $2 billion in development assistance for malaria.. We cannot afford to let history repeat itself, said Sir Richard Feachem, KBE, FREng, DSc (Med), PhD, the founding executive director of the Global Fund who now directs the UCSF Global Health Group. It is imperative that we not lose the gains that these countries have achieved in malaria control.. Past failures to maintain such gains underscore the fragility of success in the field. Both Sri Lanka and India, for example, saw significant reductions of the illness in the 1960s, but both had dramatic resurgences when funding was withdrawn, the paper found. In India, for example, the U.S. Agency for International Development funded an eradication program that led to a massive drop in annual malaria ...
Tanzania is one of the largest countries by area in the East African region. President Samia Suluhu Hassan recently gained a lot of attention in the crypto circles all over the world as her recent remarks made it to the public. According to Suluhu, cryptocurrencies and blockchains are the technology that should not be ignored. In a recent speech at Mwanza, she called on the financial heads of the country to prepare for crypto adoption.. She also added that digital asset markets are on the rise and show ambition that her country would be leading others by example in the adoption of the latest technology. Talking about the advantages of the DeFi stage, she claimed that the world is witnessing the rise of a new monetary system revolution with the help of the internet. She further added that a significant amount of citizens have not started using the blockchain transfer of value, and it is the responsibility of the country officials to show them the way. ...
A regional sales hub for Eastern Africa, BASF East Africa Ltd., was established in Kenya in mid 2011. It is located in Nairobi and its focus areas in the region are:. ...
The archipelago-like coastal forest of East Africa is one of the highest priority ecosystems for biodiversity conservation worldwide. Here we investigate patterns of species richness and biogeographic distribution among birds, mammals and reptiles of these forests, using distribution data obtained from recently published reviews and information collated by the WWF Eastern Africa Coastal Forest Ecoregion Programme. Birds and mammals species were divided into forest specialists and generalists, and forest specialist reptiles into coastal and forest endemics. The species richness of birds and generalist mammals increased with area, and is probably a result of area-dependent extinction. Only in birds, however, species richness increased with decreasing isolation, suggesting possible isolation-dependent colonization. Forest diversity, associated to altitudinal range, is important for specialist birds and mammals, whose species richness increased with wider altitudinal range. The number of relict ...
The purpose of this short paper is to assess the challenge of regional unity like the East African Community (EAC) from the standpoint of pan-Africanism. We use the term regional unity, or regionalism, to refer to include both economic integration and political association. As we celebrate the 10th anniversary of the second-generation East African Community, it is opportune to stand back from the dominant debates on forms of integration - common market, monetary union, fast-tracking or snail-walking of the East African Federation etc. - and ask certain core questions: What exactly is the vision, the lodestar, so to speak, of the regional project? What is its historical genesis? What are the driving forces of the project, in whose interest and for what purpose? How does the project relate to the larger global forces, and in particular, to the changing world hegemonies? It is only by asking these bigger questions that we can critically assess where we are going and chart the possible way ...
Nematology , 2005, Vol. 7(5), 655-666 Response of East African highland bananas and hybrids to Radopholus similis Carine D OCHEZ 1 , ∗ , Jim W HYTE 2 , Abdou T ENKOUANO 3 , Rodomiro O RTI Z 4 and Dirk D E W AELE 5 1 IITA-Uganda, P.O. Box 7878, Kampala, Uganda 2 IITA-Malawi, Chitedze Research. ...
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
The hundreds of endemic species of cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria are a prime model system in evolutionary biology. With five genomes currently being sequenced, eastern African cichlids also represent a forthcoming genomic model for evolutionary studies of genotype-to-phenotype processes in adaptive radiations. Here we report the functional annotation and comparative analyses of transcriptome data sets for two eastern African cichlid species, Astatotilapia burtoni and Ophthalmotilapia ventralis, representatives of the modern haplochromines and ectodines, respectively. Nearly 647,000 expressed sequence tags were assembled in more than 46,000 contigs for each species using the 454 sequencing technology, largely expanding the current sequence data set publicly available for these cichlids. Total predicted coverage of their proteome diversity is approximately 50% for both species. Comparative qualitative and quantitative analyses show very similar ...
To analyze the distribution of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-seropositive dromedary camels in eastern Africa, we tested 189 archived serum samples accumulated during the past 30 years. We identified MERS-CoV neutralizing antibodies in 81.0% of samples from the main camel-exporting countries, Sudan and Somalia, suggesting long-term virus circulation in these animals ...
Make a gift to provide support for the program work of RCA missionaries Roger and Sue Scheenstra among the O people in eastern Africa.
Out of the total human population in Africa, 15% live in highlands i.e. defined as areas 1,500 m above sea level where the mean annual temperature used to be in the range of 16-19°C. Historically, these areas have been considered free malaria incidence because malaria transmission cannot take place below 18°C. However, several major malaria epidemics have been reported during 1990s and 2000s. For example, in western Kenya highland alone, malaria outbreaks have been reported at more than 20 highland sites. The WHO estimated in 2003 that malaria epidemics kill 110,000 people each year and 110 million people are at risk in Africa highlands. The highlands of east Africa has the worlds highest population growth rate and considered one of the most populated regions in Africa i.e. the population densities ranged between 158 persons/km2 in Ethiopia and 410 persons/km2 in Rwanda. This demographic pressure of poor populations have included in an extensive unprecedented land use and land cover changes
Here, we have demonstrated that the derived rs1426654*A in SLC24A5 in the KhoeSan has a common origin with Europeans, reflected by the similar tMRCA estimates and identical modal haplotypes. This is consistent with the extended haplotype similarity observed between San from Botswana and Europeans (17). We asked whether the common origin of rs1426654*A haplotype could be due to recent migration between Europe and South Africa, or via an indirect route of migration through eastern Africa. A pastoralist migration from eastern Africa to southern Africa 2 kya is well documented from human genetic and archaeological data, and is likely associated with the introduction of domestic sheep and goats into the region. The summary statistics in our demographically explicit ABC approach clearly discriminate between the East African Source and European Source models, and strongly favor the East African Source model (Materials and Methods and SI Appendix, Supplementary Text). We cannot speculate as to the ...
East African lakes: East African lakes, group of lakes located in East Africa. The majority of the East African lakes lie within the East African Rift System, which forms a part of a series of massive fissures in the Earths crust extending northward from the Zambezi River valley through eastern and northeastern
Cyclone season in Madagascar and Southeast and East Africa is beginning in October and already in forecast model outputs appears a tropical depression, which can hit Madagascar and East African coast soon. It´s name is 91S Invest for now, but it can develop to tropical depression, tropical storm or even cyclone
Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African admixture in the Horn of Africa (HOA). In the most recent genomic studies, this non-African ancestry has been attributed to admixture with Middle Eastern populations during the last few thousand years. However, mitochondrial and Y chromosome data are suggestive of earlier episodes of admixture. To investigate this further, we generated new genome-wide SNP data for a Yemeni population sample and merged these new data with published genome-wide genetic data from the HOA and a broad selection of surrounding populations. We used multidimensional scaling and ADMIXTURE methods in an exploratory data analysis to develop hypotheses on admixture and population structure in HOA populations. These analyses suggested that there might be distinct, differentiated African and non-African ancestries in the HOA. After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African origin chromosome segments, we found support for a distinct African (Ethiopic) ...
Fighting broke out when rebels allied with ousted vice president Riek Machar attacked several government sites. President Salva Kiir removed Machar and dismissed all cabinet ministers from office in July.. Hostilities expanded throughout the country for five weeks, leaving as many as 10,000 people dead, and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center reported 468,000 people were displaced as of Jan. 16.. In their statement, the AMECEA bishops from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia expressed solidarity with their brother bishops in South Sudan, saying that we feel with them and join them in their sorrow.. The bishops called for ongoing talks to settle differences across political and ethnic lines.. As church leaders, we believe that true peace can only be made possible through dialogue, forgiveness and reconciliation. At the same time, we are aware that these three do not eliminate the need for justice and as well they do not block the path to ...
27 December 2019, Addis Ababa - Aiming to contribute towards improving capacities and policy environment for school food & nutrition initiatives in Eastern Africa, the Food and Agriculture of the United Nations (FAO) convened workshop on School Meals from 18-19 December 2019 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. The workshop intended to discuss and validate the subregional report on nutrition profiling and related school meal guidelines, appraise the achievements of the joint FAO-AU technical cooperation project on school food and nutrition and agree on follow-up actions. The workshop also hoped to build consensus on potential areas of FAO technical support in school food and nutrition in Eastern Africa and to the African Union.. Officially opening the workshop, Hon. Yasabu Berkneh, Director General for School Improvement Program and Support, Ministry of Education of the Democratic Federal Republic of Ethiopia, stated that his ministry is working with FAO, World Food Program (WFP), and partners on school ...
Opposition Democratic Party (DP) has insisted that they will go on with the planned UYD/DP reunion in Mukono despite calls by some members of the party to call off the meeting following the incarceration of the Mukono district Chairperson for DP, Betty Nambooze.. The reunion National Coordinator, Samuel Lubega Mukaaku told the media on Tuesday that the meeting in Mukono will host three other districts including Buvuma, Buikwe and Kayunga at Festino City.. Mukaaku said that the Party has learnt that the enemies of reunion wanted to disorganize the meeting by arresting some of the party members including Nambooze but vowed not to be derailed by such forces.. Democratic Party President, Norbert Mao said that the party will stay focused on the main agenda of uniting the party as well as empowering leaders.. Mao has also disregarded reports that DP has been silent on Namboozes fate saying that they have indeed done all they could in their best including aiding her release on police bond as well as ...
In this study, we report novel data on mitochondrial DNA in two of the largest eastern Bantu-speaking populations, the Shona from Zimbabwe and the Hutu from Rwanda. The goal is to evaluate the genetic relationships of these two ethnic groups with other Bantu-speaking populations. Moreover, by compar …
During the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, some 800,000 people - predominantly Tutsis - were killed in the course of 100 days, following the killing of Rwandas president, Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down over Kigali airport on 6th April 1994. Read more…. ...
Zimbabwe has embarked on a trajectory of economic decline and political regression, with massive human rights abuses and international condemnation. Now, however, the non-violent approach of Zimbabweans ...
Sucoriv from East African, Sucralfate - Aagnil-Sos to Daffocid-O | Sucralfate (sold as Sucrafil in India); is an oral gastrointestinal medication primarily indicated for the treatment of active duodenal ulcers. Use of Sucoriv from East African, Pregnancy, lactation in childrens and special precautions for Sucoriv from East African, prices of Sucoriv from East African . Sucralfate is also used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and stress ulcers. Unlike the other classes of medications used for treatment of peptic ulcers, sucralfate is a sucrose sulfate-aluminium complex that binds to the hydrochloric acid in the stomach and acts like an acid buffer with cytoprotective properties., drugsupdate.com - Indias leading online platform for Doctors and health care professionals. Updates on Drugs, news, journals, 1000s of videos, national and international events, product-launches and much more...Latest drugs in India, drugs, drugs update, drugs update
a b Rito T, Richards MB, Fernandes V, Alshamali F, Cerny V, Pereira L, Soares P., The first modern human dispersals across Africa, PLoS One 2013 Nov 13; 8(11):e80031. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080031. By ~130 ka two distinct groups of anatomically modern humans co-existed in Africa: broadly, the ancestors of many modern-day Khoe and San populations in the south and a second central/eastern African group that includes the ancestors of most extant worldwide populations. Early modern human dispersals correlate with climate changes, particularly the tropical African megadroughts of MIS 5 (marine isotope stage 5, 135-75 ka) which paradoxically may have facilitated expansions in central and eastern Africa, ultimately triggering the dispersal out of Africa of people carrying haplogroup L3 ~60 ka. Two south to east migrations are discernible within haplogroup L0. One, between 120 and 75 ka, represents the first unambiguous long-range modern human dispersal detected by mtDNA and might have allowed ...
The most significant and widely studied remodeling of the African genetic landscape is the Bantu expansion, which led to an almost total replacement of the previous populations from the sub-Saharan region. However, a poor knowledge exists about other population movements, namely, the Nilotic migration, which is a pastoralist dispersal that, contrary to the Bantu expansion, impacted only East African populations. Here, samples from a Ugandan Nilotic-speaking population were studied for 37 Y chromosome-specific SNPs, and the obtained data were compared with those already available for other sub-Saharan population groups. Although Uganda lies on the fringe of both Bantu and Nilotic expansions, a low admixture with Bantu populations was detected, with haplogroups carrying M13, M182 and M75 mutations prevailing in Nilotes together with a low frequency of the main Bantu haplogroups from clade E1b1a-M2. The results of a comparative analysis with data from other population groups allowed a deeper
TY - JOUR. T1 - Modeled aerosol nitrate formation pathways during wintertime in the great lakes region of North America. AU - Kim, Yoo Jung. AU - Spak, Scott N.. AU - Carmichael, Gregory R.. AU - Riemer, Nicole. AU - Stanier, Charles O.. PY - 2014/11/16. Y1 - 2014/11/16. N2 - Episodic wintertime particle pollution by ammonium nitrate is an important air quality concern across the Midwest U.S. Understanding and accurately forecasting PM2.5 episodes are complicated by multiple pathways for aerosol nitrate formation, each with uncertain rate parameters. Here, the Community Multiscale Air Quality model (CMAQ) simulated regional atmospheric nitrate budgets during the 2009 LADCO Winter Nitrate Study, using integrated process rate (IPR) and integrated reaction rate (IRR) tools to quantify relevant processes. Total nitrate production contributing to PM2.5 episodes is a regional phenomenon, with peak production over the Ohio River Valley and southern Great Lakes. Total nitrate production in the lower ...
Author: D. J. Rezac, D. U. Thomson , M.G. Siemens, F.L. Prouty, C.D. Reinhardt, S. J. Bartle. Journal: J. Dairy Sci. 97 :4227-4235. Abstract: The prevalence and severity of multiple gross pathologic lesions and abnormalities in cull dairy and beef cows was evaluated at a commercial abattoir in the Great Lakes region of the United States; 1,461 cattle were examined at slaughter over the course of 3 production days and evaluated for the occurrence and severity of lung, liver, rumen, and carcass abnormalities and pathologies. Of the 1,461 cattle examined at slaughter, 87% were classified as Holstein cows and 13% were classified as other cows. Liver abscesses were observed in 32% of the population and over half were classified as severe (18.5% population prevalence). The frequency distribution of cattle observed with a liver abscess was not different among production days. Severe ruminal lesions and rumenitis scars were observed in 10.0% of the population, and 25.1% of cattle were observed to have ...
The proportion of assembled haplochromine cichlid sequences with and without BLAST matches compared to three databases (Takifugu rubripes, Danio rerio, and Onco
The Programme is among the few that support a designed multidisciplinary bioscience innovation funding mechanism anchored on the establishment of innovation platforms that assemble critical players along the bio-innovation value chain, to apply and promote bioscience innovations. BioInnovate supports projects in the six eastern African countries of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. BioInnovate is the only initiative in the region that applies an integrated approach linking value addition and agroprocessing with primary agricultural production and environmental stewardship, as well as innovation policy and sustainability analysis. BioInnovate links public research organisations and universities with smallholder farmers and the private sector. This linkage improves the chances of eastern African smallholder farmers, agribusinesses and agro-processors benefitting from the rapidly developing field of bioscience. In this manner, BioInnovate contributes towards the development of ...
The two-day East African ICT & Higher Education Symposium 2010 was held in Kampala, Uganda from 27 - 28 June 2010. The Internet Society, Verizon and the Uganda Communications Commission were catalysts of the gathering. This multi-stakeholder Symposium brought together approximately 120 participants including 3 ministers and other government officials, regulators, senior academicians, infrastructure providers, the wider partnership of the 5 countries that make up the East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda), and the UbuntuNet Alliance. All came together to share thoughts on the way forward for Higher Education and ICT in the East African region that is heading for closer economic union as the Uganda Minister of Tourism, Trade and Industry , Hon. Eng. Nelson G. Gagawala Wambuzi pointed out.. The nature and role of the NRENs and the Alliance shaped quite a bit of the discussions; and with the landing of three submarine cables, most recently EASSy, the timing was just ...
The Synodontis Eupterus Catfish is also known as the Featherfin Squeaker and is from the rivers and lakes of Africa. It is a wide-bodied catfish and is pale in coloration with many black spots.As a digger, the Synodontis Eupterus Catfish will appreciate a fine sandy bottom with large roots and crevices for hiding places in a tank of 50 gallons or more. Sensitive to nitrates, good water conditions are necessary. It prefers a current in the aquarium. It can be kept as a schooling fish or in a tank with other Synodontis species. The Synodontis Eupterus Catfish may also be maintained with most African Cichlids of similar size.Currently, the Synodontis Eupterus Catfish is not being successfully bred in the aquarium.Synodontis Catfish are omnivores and should be offered sinking catfish pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, plus a good quality flake food.COMMON NAME(S) - Harlequin RasboraSCIENTIFIC NAME(S) - Rasbora HeteromorphaMINIMUM TANK SIZE - 120 LITERSTEMPERATURE - 75 to 82°fPH - 6.5 - 7
Cutlass Express is one of four express series exercises conducted in this region that is facilitated by U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet, said U.S. Navy Commander Pedro Lopez, Exercise Cutlass Express 15 operations commander. The objectives pertain to maritime domain awareness, regional information sharing, and deployment of maritime assets to counter illicit activity.. According to Lopez, training with partner nations is extremely valuable, for any maritime forces and this exercise allows regional partners to share information on tactics and procedures and to effectively make the waters in East Africa safer for everyone transiting through the Straight of Bab-el-Mandeb.. The exercise was sponsored and planned for the East African region by U.S. Africa Command with the support of Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africas enduring presence in the region.. Lopez explained that with the support of U.S. AFRICOM and Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) and their ...
East African Highland bananas are a staple food for the large population in Africa. But the crop is troubled by many diseases, noted Andrew Kiggundu, head of Ugandas Biotechnology Research Center at the National Agricultural Research Organization. Thats why NARO is developing GM varieties of this species. He noted that the biotech approach has great potential to improve the food-crop.. The social and environmental impact of biotech cotton on small scale agriculture in India was highlighted by C.D. Mayee, president of the Indian Society for Cotton Improvement and the South Asia Biotechnology Center. He highlighted many positive changes that had taken place since the introduction of Bt cotton in India. The country has tripled its national cotton production, and is now the largest exporter of high-quality cotton. Studies have found no adverse effects on flora and fauna. Insecticide sprays have been reduced more than half.. Matina Tsalavouta, head of public engagement at the United Kingdoms ...
Eligibility. This call for proposals is open to universities based in low- and middle-income countries in the Middle East and East Africa. Applicants must have a strong track record in research as well as community and policy outreach. To be eligible, applicants should demonstrate institutional expertise and commitment to advancing knowledge on forced displacement, as well as a commitment to advancing gender equality, inclusion, and equity.Scope. IDRC will support the establishment of up to four university research chairs for up to five years: two in the Middle East and two in East Africa. For a list of eligible countries, please see our frequently asked questions document.. The aim of the research chair positions is to empower institutions in the Middle East and East Africa to define research agendas on forced displacement. The research chairs will also lead on identifying practical, gender-transformative solutions that promote the social, economic, political, and health rights of forcibly ...
Use Crayola® crayons, colored pencils, or markers to color the flag of Tanzania. Color the shape numbered 1 green, the shapes numbered 2 yellow, the shape numbered 3 black and the shape numbered 4 blue. |b>Did you know?|/b>|br>Tanzania is located in eastern Africa. It used to be two separate countries named Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Some of their crops include coffee beans, tea leaves, nuts, corn, and wheat. The country is home to Mt. Kilimanjaro, which is highest point in Africa.
African jewels. Type species: Agrion dispar Palisot de Beauvois, 1807. Introduction. Endemic to tropical Africa with about 30 medium-sized (hindwing 18-28 mm) species largely confined to forested running waters in central and western Africa. Only C. curta has a distinct preference for more open landscapes, appearing in disturbed and drier habitats, even having an isolated Saharan population in the Jebel Marra of western Sudan. Within forest environments not all species preferences are known, although for example in Eastern Africa C. aphrodite prefers sandy streams, C. frigida and C. trifaria smaller streams, and C. victoriae and especially C. pyriformosa larger rivers (even the Congo). In West Africa, C. curta is also on open streams and C. pyriformosa on rivers, while there C. selysi is found on the smallest streams and C. luminosa and C. radix on the largest, with C. dispar intermediate and C. rubida favouring muddy streams. The taxonomy of the red species is problematic, for example C. ...
by pbrewadmin. Craft brewer develops African-style beers Sprecher Brewing Co. has released two African-style beers, Shakparo Ale and Mbege Ale. Craig Burge, brewmaster for the Wisconsin brewer, developed the beers after extensively researching the history of brewing in Africa, African beer styles, ingredients and traditions. Burge focused on traditional African beers that have a taste not readily available on the local market. I dont see this as a departure so much as a broadening of what we excel at, which is brewing quality beers with really distinctive flavor profiles regardless of their county of origin, Burge said. Many traditional African beers are brewed by the women in a village, are unfiltered, and have little carbonation, he said. Sprechers Shakparo Ale is a west African Shakparo-style beer brewed from sorghum. An unfiltered, light, crisp ale with hints of fruits and spices, it is best characterized as an easy-drinking beer, he said. Popular in eastern Africa, particularly the ...
The population growth rate is reaching an astounding level in Tanzania and Eastern Africa. It is applying increasing pressure on things like social services, land availability, job opportunities, conservation and localized resources. This study looks at the perceptions of both men and women surrounding social and environmental factors contributing to the high population growth rate. It looks more specifically at factors including childbearing, birth control methods and their effectiveness, and how the birth rate correlates with changing quality of life. This study was conducted in Kizanda Village in the West Usambara Mountains of Northern Tanzania, a region following the trend of a high population growth rate as well as a recent introduction to Western birth control. This study took place from April 5th to April 23rd, 2014. Semi-structured interviews (n = 102) resulted in evidence of high use of local methods of birth control but also an increase in the use of Western birth control over the course of
The Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC) was the administrator of British East Africa, which was the forerunner of the East Africa Protectorate, later Kenya. The IBEAC was a commercial association founded to develop African trade in the areas controlled by the British colonial power. Created after the Berlin Treaty of 1885, it was led by William Mackinnon and built upon his companys trading activities in the region, with the encouragement of the British government through the granting of an imperial charter - although it remained unclear what this actually meant. It granted immunity of prosecution to British subjects whilst allowing them the right to raise taxes, impose custom duties, administer justice, make treaties and otherwise act as the government of the area. Mombasa and its harbour were central to its operations, with an administrative office about 50 miles (80 km) south in Shimoni. The company was incorporated in London on 18 April 1888, and granted a royal charter by Queen ...
Tanzania is widely known for the best attraction places, it is an eastern Africa country also has the best tourist places in Tanzania. Enjoy with your family or friends.
Biggest News Source for News in Uganda and the East African Region ,Breaking news in Uganda and Daily news and the latest from Uganda
Biggest News Source for News in Uganda and the East African Region ,Breaking news in Uganda and Daily news and the latest from Uganda
Haplogroup E3b1-M78 is the second most prevailing one (23%) in the studied sample with E3b1-M78 chromosomes accounting for almost all E representatives (98%) except a single E3b2-M81 and two E3b3-M123 chromosomes (fig. 2). E3b1-M78 is the most common haplogroup E lineage in Europe (Cruciani et al. 2004; Semino et al. 2004). The spatial pattern shown in figure 4(C) depicts a nonuniform E3b1 geographic distribution with a frequency peak centered in south Europe and SEE (13%-16% in southern Italians and 17%-27% in the Balkans). Declining frequencies are evident toward western (10% in northern and central Italians), central, and eastern Europe (from 4% to 10% in Polish, Russians, mainland Croatians, Ukrainians, Hungarians, Herzegovinians, and Bosnians). Noteworthy is a low E3b1 frequency (5%) in Turkey. Apart from its presence in Europe and the Middle East, E3b1 is also found in eastern and northern Africa. Cruciani et al. (2004) estimated that E3b-M78 might have originated in eastern Africa about ...
By Jane Mwangi. The on-going and fully justified uproar regarding the large number of teenage pregnancies in Kenya (18 per cent of Kenyan teenage girls have already begun childbearing), now exacerbated by the lockdown brought on by COVID-19 crisis, has led to a vigorous debate as to how to tackle the problem and where Kenya stands in the battle against unplanned pregnancies.. On a positive note Kenya has hit and surpassed the target of 58 per cent in the use of modern contraceptive methods and is on course to meet the goals set for growth in contraceptive use by next year, topping the East African region in the use of contraceptives among married women.. But what about the married and unmarried women, including teenagers, that are not using contraception?. Ironically, as far back as the 2014 Kenya Health Demographic Health Survey reported that contraception information is more accessible to mothers after delivery.. It is also the case that to a large extent Kenyan society frowns upon sexual ...
The Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP), is a collaborative effort by eleven countries in Eastern Africa to interconnect their ... EAPP (2016). "Eastern Africa Power Pool: Contacts". Addis Ababa: Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP). Retrieved 2 April 2019. ... Southern African Power Pool Central African Power Pool West African Power Pool North African Power Pool EAPP (2016). "The ... Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP)". Addis Ababa: Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP). Retrieved 2 April 2019. ...
The Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC) is an organization representing those involved in the grain trade in Eastern Africa. It ... In an attempt to rectify this, EAGC has developed several regional activities, including the Eastern Africa Grain Institute ( ... It runs an annual African Grain Trade Summit and issues a variety of publications, including one on Structured Grain Trading. ... "Structured grain trading systems in Africa" (PDF). CTA. Retrieved 7 February 2016. (Articles with short description, Short ...
The Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF), formerly Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG), is one of the five regional forces ... "African Standby Force: East Africa Moves On." African Security Studies 13, no. 2 (2004): 113-121. Robinson, Colin. "The Eastern ... The Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security The Council, which congresses at least twice a year, manages ... The Eastern Africa Committee of Chiefs of Defense Staff (EACDS) The EACDS serves as an advisory Military Committee of the ...
The Coastal forests of eastern Africa, also known as the East African Coastal Forests, is a tropical moist forest region along ... Coastal forests of eastern Africa (Conservation International) "Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic". Terrestrial ... African Wild Dog Conservancy's Biodiversity Hotspots Page v t e (Afrotropical realm, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf ... the east coast of Africa. The region was designated a biodiversity hotspot by Conservation International. The forests extend in ...
Archaeological Research in Africa and the Journal of Eastern African Studies. Neville Chittick (1961-1983) John Sutton (1983- ... The institute changed its name to the "British Institute in Eastern Africa" in 1970, and the BIEA's current facilities in ... The British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA) is headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, and is dedicated to supporting historical, ... and other social science and humanities research in eastern Africa. The BIEA is sponsored by the British Academy. The BIEA was ...
... (3 May 2020). "Brief History of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Nairobi: Catholic ... Catholic University of Eastern Africa (May 2020). "The Faculties of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Langata, Nairobi: ... "Support CUEA - Catholic University of Eastern Africa". "Support CUEA - Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Gachenge, ... Catholic universities and colleges in Africa, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Educational institutions established in ...
The University of Eastern Africa, Baraton (UEAB) is a private coeducational Seventh-day Adventist university located in Baraton ... Thus, there was a great need for a full-fledged university in Eastern Africa. In October 1978, the Board of the Afro-Mideast ... students desiring that level of education in an Adventist institution before 1980 had to go outside Eastern Africa. During the ... District to the Seventh-day Adventist Church for the purpose of founding what is now known as the University of Eastern Africa ...
... in Congo v t e (East Africa, Reformed denominations in Africa, Members of the World ... The Christian Reformed Church in Eastern Africa started in 1992, when several pastors left the Reformed Church of East Africa ...
Agriculture in Africa, Organizations based in Africa, Organizations established in 1962, All stub articles, African ... The Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa (DLCO-EA) is "a regional pest and vector management organization ... Who we are; Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa; retrieved 26 March 2017 Wikimedia Commons has media related ... The Desert Locust Control Organisation for Eastern Africa (DLCO-EA) is a regional organization for integrated pest and vector ...
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a regional economic community in Africa with twenty-one member ... Economy of the African Union, International organizations based in Africa, Regional Economic Communities of the African Union, ... Southern African Development Community (SADC) Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Southern African Confederation of ... "Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa". Archived from the original on 18 August 2014. Retrieved ...
The African and Eastern Trade Corporation was incorporated in Liverpool in 1919 and had establishments in several African ... the United Africa Company Limited (UAC). The African and Eastern Trading Corporation was also a large share owner in the ... and the African and Eastern Trade Corporation employed a number of English-speaking employees of both European and African ... Companies portal List of trading companies Documents and clippings about African & Eastern Trade Corporation in the 20th ...
Pretoria, South Africa: Government of South Africa. 14 May 2014. pp. 4-16. Retrieved 8 April 2021. "Results Dashboard: Eastern ... "Results Dashboard: Eastern Cape - National Assembly - 2014". Centurion, South Africa: Electoral Commission of South Africa. ... "Results Dashboard: Eastern Cape - National Assembly - 2004". Centurion, South Africa: Electoral Commission of South Africa. ... "Results Dashboard: Eastern Cape - National Assembly - 1999". Centurion, South Africa: Electoral Commission of South Africa. ...
Profiles Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa official site The Standard, "How ports in Africa plan to ... PMAESA was first established as the Port Management Association of Eastern Africa, in Mombasa, Kenya, in April 1973, under the ... The Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA) is a non-profit, inter-governmental organization made ... Transport in Africa, Maritime organizations, Ports and harbours of the Indian Ocean, Ports and harbours in Africa, Mozambique ...
The Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa (AMECEA) is the association of episcopal conferences of ... Eastern Africa and the coordinating body of the Catholic dioceses. The AMECEA was established in 1961, with Cardinal Archbishop ... It is one of ten members of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar(SECAM). Members of the AMECEA ... Catholicism Africa (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional ...
ISBN 978-1-7936-0338-8. Lewis, I. M. (2017-02-03). Peoples of the Horn of Africa (Somali, Afar and Saho): North Eastern Africa ... The Egyptian invasion of the Eastern Horn of Africa namely Hararghe and western Somaliland was part of a conflict between the ... North Eastern Africa Part II. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-315-30809-8. Rimbaud, Arthur (2004-09-02). Selected Poems and Letters. ... Lewis, I. M. (2019-05-20). A Modern History Of Somalia: Nation And State In The Horn Of Africa, Revised, Updated, And Expanded ...
The Journal of Eastern African Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on the Eastern African ... It was established in 2007 and is published by Routledge on behalf of the British Institute in Eastern Africa. The journal is ... "Journal of Eastern African Studies". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015 ... Official website British Institute in Eastern Africa v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different ...
This is a List of political parties in Eastern Africa by country, linking to the country list of parties and the political ...
The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was first ... The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded as a service ribbon throughout the entire Second World War due ... "European-African-Middle EASTERN CAMPAIGN MEDAL Fact Sheet". Air force Personnel Center. Aug 23, 2010. Archived from the ... The first recipient of the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower on 24 July ...
Australian people of North African descent, Middle Eastern people, Middle Eastern diaspora, North African people, North African ... North African and Middle Eastern Australians are Australians of Middle Eastern and North African ancestry, whether full or ... where most of the city's Lebanese and other Middle Eastern immigrants live. Middle Eastern males were tagged as criminal and un ... In 1999, Middle Eastern immigrants fleeing from oppressive regimes in Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq began to arrive in large ...
... , or ESAMI is a diplomatic regional management development institute owned by ... "Eastern and Southern African Management Institute Act 1980". Uganda Legal Information Institute. 28 February 1980. Retrieved 6 ... "Academic Programmes Offered At ESAMI". Eastern and Southern African Management Institute. 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015. ... Eastern and Southern African Management Institute, Higher education in Tanzania, Educational institutions established in 1979, ...
The Eastern and African Cold Storage Supply Co. Ltd. was an Anglo-Australian consortium that existed in the early 1900s which ... Part 1,Introduction and the eastern gulf region / by F.H. Bauer", Divisional report (CSIRO. Division of Land Research and ...
Cartoon Network (Middle Eastern and African TV channel) Cartoon Network around the world TNT Africa CNN International "Turner ... Boomerang Africa switched to 16:9 widescreen on 21 September 2016. On 4 March 2019, it began broadcasting in HD. In Africa, ... Boomerang Africa - a feed for Africa, and Boomerang MENA - a feed for the Middle East, in addition to Greece and Cyprus. Both ... The African website, BoomerangTVAfrica.com, launched in 2010. but for a brief time continue to Boomerang. In 2008, the network ...
Webarchive template wayback links, Lists of music genres, African traditional music, Middle Eastern traditional music). ... ISBN 1-85828-636-0. Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-023107-2. Kinney, Troy ...
AMC Middle East and Africa is a European-based pay television channel which was launched by AMC Networks International in ... Africa and the Arab World. AMC replaced the MGM Channel on 1 December 2014. AMC-produced dramas such as Halt and Catch Fire and ...
Middle Eastern and African TV channel) TNT Africa List of programs broadcast by Cartoon Network "Cartoon Network launches ... ordered a ban on six cartoons airing on Cartoon Network Africa, Nickelodeon Africa and Nicktoons Africa for allegedly promoting ... On 1 July 2016, Boomerang MENA was launched, replacing the African feed in the Middle East and North Africa; it airs in 1080i ... and Cartoon Network Africa (formerly known as Cartoon Network EMEA), which exclusively serves Sub-Saharan Africa. Both feeds ...
Nicktoons is a children's Arab pay television channel broadcasting to the Middle East & North Africa. Nicktoons was launched on ...
In 2018, Viacom merged official websites of Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern and African versions of Nickelodeon into nick.tv. ... A standalone feed for Middle Eastern audiences was launched on 23 July 2008 with Arabic and English audio tracks. Nickelodeon ...
MBC 1 is a free-to-air pan-Arab general television channel. Satellite transmission started from London in September 1991, making MBC 1 the first independent Arabic satellite TV station, with an estimated audience of more than 130 million Arab people around the world. MBC has recently moved its headquarters to Dubai Media City, bringing the production process closer to its Arab viewers. MBC 1 previously used to air cartoons, western movies and programs before launching MBC 2, MBC 3, and MBC 4. One of its most popular, widely known and controversial shows, and the one generating the highest advertising rates, is Kalam Nawaem, a show led by several women that addresses many types of (women's) issues and taboos, including terrorism, domestic violence, polygamy, divorce and women's suffrage. MBC 1 HD launched on 1 July 2011. From 24 March to 22 June 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, MBC 1 used an on-screen DOG depicting its logo encased inside a house. Arab Idol Good Morning Arabs Kalam Nawaem ...
... ". "Bustan: The Middle East Book Review". "Ifriqiya - Africa Research ... The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies is an Israeli think tank based in Tel Aviv, Israel, focused on ... "About the MDC Library". Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. Retrieved 2016-01-31. "About the MDC Arabic ... "Tel Aviv Notes - Contemporary Middle East Analysis , Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies". "Partners, ...
Discovery Channel (MENA) is the Arabian version of the Discovery Channel, using a "factual entertainment" concept similar to the original American channel. Discovery Channel (MENA) was originally available via Showtime Arabia. Then, it moved to the Orbit Network platform. Currently, the channel is available on OSN and beIN. The Marilyn Denis Show MythBusters How Do They Do It? How It's Made True Crime Scene American Chopper Forensic Factor Final 24 Mission Implausible American Hot Rod Smash Lab China's Man Made Marvels Man Made Marvels China Wheeler Dealers Campervan Crisis Really Big Things Brainiac Beetle Crisis Dirty Jobs Overhaulin Wreck Rescue Fifth Gear Deadliest Catch Building the Future Discovery Project Earth Kings of Nitro Ultimate Survival Survivorman Ross Kemp in Afghanistan "What next for Dubai's troubled satellite broadcaster OSN?". Arabian Business. "Discovery and beIN extend MENA broadcast partnership". MENAfn. Official Site (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
African-American players of American football, 21st-century African-American people, 20th-century African-American sportspeople ... Before his NFL career, he played college football at Eastern Kentucky University and was selected by the Giants in the eighth ... Guyton is a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity, Iota Delta chapter of Eastern Kentucky University. On April 16, 2012, Guyton ... Eastern Kentucky Colonels football players, New England Patriots players, New York Giants players, People from Thomas County, ...
Paul V. Gadola, 85, American senior judge, District Court Judge for the Eastern District of Michigan (1988-2008). Lars-Erik ... Lulu Dikana, 35, South African recording artist and vocalist, oesophageal perforation. Hubert Egger, 87, German cross country ... African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem). Fatima Aouam, 55, Moroccan Olympic runner (1988). Hans-Christian Bartel, 82, German ...
Adams, an African-American, cited racial discrimination in the United States as the reason he refused repatriation. While a ... Others went to mills, factories, and farms across Eastern China. However, all but 4 of them subsequently returned to the West.[ ... See Chapter 16, "The Prisoners". An American Dream : The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in ... Adams' autobiography An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist ...
Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Eastern Mediterranean, Regions of Africa, Regions of ... Eastern Mediterranean is a loose definition of the eastern approximate half, or third, of the Mediterranean Sea, often defined ... The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean includes the Eastern Mediterranean as well as the other Muslim-majority ... to Italy's farthest south-eastern coasts. Jordan is climatically, and economically part of the region. The eastern ...
One of the Alids, Idris ibn Abdallah, flees to the Maghreb in western North Africa, where he later founds the Idrisid dynasty ... Summer - Saxon Wars: King Charlemagne sends a punitive expedition (an elite force of Eastern Frankish troops) under the command ... who will advance extensive claims to complete freedom for the Eastern Orthodox Church in religious matters. This ends the ...
In Eastern Africa and islands in the Indian Ocean, shark meat has been traded and has been a significant source of protein for ... Shark meat is consumed regularly in Iceland, Japan, Australia, parts of India, parts of Canada, Sri Lanka, areas of Africa, ... this demand is increasingly being filled by gummy sharks sourced from South Africa. Flake can be purchased as a ready-made meal ...
The original "remedy" for this problem was to help them go "back to Africa". The British had been doing this, in Sierra Leone, ... These had a great influence at the other eastern Ohio college, Western Reserve College, leading to Beriah Green's 4 published ... The problem had been solved, and in an honorable way; the former slaves would fare better in Africa, it was argued, among other ... Smith was for temperance, and according to him, the fact that blacks in Africa were allowed to import liquor from the United ...
In the eastern Banat, where most Romanians lived, a more rural, pastoral economy prevailed. Heavily influenced by the ... This one contained 61,700 words in 279 different languages (171 Asian, 55 European, 30 African and 22 American languages). ...
District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (1970-1973), U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Missouri (1960-1961 ... Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2013-2017), Director General of the Foreign Service (2012-2013), U.S. ...
South-African Pentecostal church leader, one of the founders of the Charismatic movement Oral Roberts (1918-2009) Healing-tent ... but a smaller proportion than those adhering to Eastern Orthodoxy (260 million). Cf. the Wikipedia page on denomination sizes ...
Eastern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere Africa Southern Africa Time zone: Central Africa Time (UTC+02) Extreme points of ... It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and Zimbabwe to the ... The economy, closely tied to South Africa's, is dominated by mining (especially diamonds), tourism, and cattle. Pronunciation ... 4,013 km South Africa 1,840 km Namibia 1,360 km Zimbabwe 813 km Zambia ...
There are also three baseball fields: two in the southern third of the park, and the third at the eastern boundary of the ... According to Moses biographer Robert Caro, close associates of Moses had claimed they could keep African Americans from using ... The pool area contains fountains at its western and eastern ends. The main pool contains two water circulation fountains at its ...
Thus the Eastern Empire was finally established by the beginning of the 5th century, as it entered the Middle Ages, while the ... In the Second Punic War, Rome had suffered in Spain, Africa, and Italy because of the impressive strategies of Hannibal, the ... His first campaign was against Colchis on the eastern shore of the Black Sea, and then extended as far north as Crimea. He next ... On the eastern front, Persia renewed hostilities in 296, inflicting losses on Galerius' forces, until Diocletian brought in new ...
A tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa on August 15 and rapidly moved westward at 17 mph (28 km/h) along the ... Caroline brushed the southeastern Bahamas and made landfall in eastern Cuba as a tropical depression though its effects, if any ...
Hawaiian Acres is located on the eastern side of the island of Hawaii at 19°32′56″N 155°3′21″W / 19.54889°N 155.05583°W / ... African American, 0.62% Native American, 9.85% Asian, 8.67% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 27.08% from two or ...
Two of the four Ranger Regiment battalions will be deployed to Africa, the third will focus on Eastern Europe and the fourth ...
... today part of Eastern Louisiana) Flag of the Republic of East Florida Flag of the Republic of the Floridas (Amelia Island in ... the Florida legislature adopted its new flag near the time when it disenfranchised African Americans and passed new Jim Crow ... politics by effectively disenfranchising most African Americans.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown ( ...
... sportsman who played Test cricket for South Africa and captained England at Rugby Union Henry Wells, judge and coxswain at the ... monk and Bishop of the Eastern Orthodox Church (alias Kallistos Ware) Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal in the Church of Rome Caroline ...
The eastern half of what has been known since 1865 as Great Kills was originally named Clarendon after a British colonial ... African American, 0.1% (26) Native American, 3.0% (1,233) Asian, 0.0% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.1% (56) from other races, and 0.8 ... eastern Great Kills was officially part of the town of Southfield, Richmond County, New York, and western Great Kills was ...
North Eastern Dairy Co Ltd v Dairy Industry Authority of NSW [1975] HCA 45, (1975) 134CLR 559. Cole v Whitfield [1988] HCA 18 ... Powers of the Head of State of Australia and South Africa". Parliamentary Library of Australia. Archived from the original on ...
Perspectives from Ancient Near Eastern and Early Christian Contexts. Stellenbosch: African Sun Media. ISBN 978-1991201164. ... Biggs, Robert D. (2005). "My Career in Assyriology and Near Eastern Archaeology" (PDF). Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies. ... Rollinger, Robert (2006). "The Terms "Assyria" and "Syria" Again". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 65 (4): 283-287. doi: ... other prominent eastern churches include the Chaldean Catholic Church, which split off in the 16th century, the Syriac Orthodox ...
... ta ] is the eastern race and is characterized by having the red markings of the forewing more extended and the ... Uganda, as aberration also in West Africa. The habitat consists of forest clearings and edges. Adults males mud puddle and both ... Butterflies of Africa, Taxa named by William Chapman Hewitson, All stub articles, Heliconiinae stubs). ... 1874 Descriptions of five new species of Acraea from west Africa. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 11: 130-132. Acraea oreas " ...
North Africa, Europe and America. Sayidaty was founded by Hisham Hafiz and his brother Muhammed Hafiz in London. Later, it was ... British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 35 (3): 385-404. doi:10.1080/13530190802525197. S2CID 143821700. "Jobs Shuffle at ...
Zeeland' ZIP code, 49464, serves the eastern portion of Olive Township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the ... African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 7.30% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or ...
40, and Order of the Eastern Star Goodwill Chapter No. 125 (all of these were African American organizations). The building at ... The majority-controlled society denied African Americans access to respectable jobs and many commercial services, and African ... The African American population in Lynchburg was on the decline by the late 19th century, largely due to the reduction of ... By 1872, African American men in Lynchburg formed a local chapter of the Order of True Reformers, a fraternal organization. In ...
Baltimore's eastern Inner Harbor waterfront at the mouth of the Jones Falls stream was filled with decaying warehouses from the ... were African-American residents spread throughout the neighborhoods, rather than the later 19th Century pattern of only certain ... this part of eastern downtown and old East Baltimore was a teeming, busy, densely populated part of the city with neighborhoods ...
He encouraged African education and employed them in administration, he instigated indirect rule through local chiefs, and he ... In that time he reorganised its administration in a similar fashion to North-Eastern Rhodesia, paving the way for the two ... British South Africa Company Northern Rhodesia Zambia Malawi World Statesmen website: Zambia accessed 25 March 2007. The ... He was Administrator of North-Eastern Rhodesia, based at Fort Jameson, now Chipata, from 11 July 1898 to 24 April 1907, and ...
He co-sponsored numerous successful resolutions at the OSCE PA meetings across Western and Eastern Europe against racism and ... Other international projects include China News Cloud, Africa News Cloud, Brazil News Cloud, India News Cloud and Russia News ... He served on the OSCE election monitoring missions throughout Eastern Europe and, more recently, in Georgia, Ukraine and ... Africa News Cloud, Brazil News Cloud, India News Cloud, Russia News Cloud, Fashion News Cloud, and Animation News. Grafstein is ...
South African Premier Division players, South Africa international soccer players, Soccer players from the Eastern Cape, All ... Use South African English from May 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in South African English, 1989 births, Living people, ... is a South African professional soccer player who plays for Moroka Swallows in the South African Premier Division. Mamelodi ... South African soccer players, People from Aliwal North, Association football defenders, Mamelodi Sundowns F.C. players, ...
Throughout eastern Cuba, Premier Fidel Castro ordered about 125,000 people to evacuate in low-lying areas, mostly in Oriente ... The origins of Inez were from a tropical wave that formed over the Sahara in central Africa on September 15 from the monsoon. ... It moved westward in the prevailing winds, exiting the west coast of Africa on September 18. The precursor to Inez was a ... It originated from a tropical wave over Africa, and became a tropical depression by September 21. It moved slowly westward, ...
Although located in eastern Africa, Djibouti, Somalia, and Sudan are part of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the ... of the Eastern Africa Epidemiological Block (EAEB) of the African Region (AFR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) (Figure_1 ... Klaucke DN, Lobanov A, Okwo-Bele JM, Barakamfitiye D. Status of polio eradication in the seven countries of the Eastern Africa ... Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication -- Eastern Africa, 1988-1995 In 1988, the World Health Assembly established the goal ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R ... Regional Committee for Africa, 2 (‎World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa., 1952)‎ ... Regional Committee for Africa, 3 (‎World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa., 1953)‎ ... RECOMMENDED that the resolution taken last year should stand and that meetings should be held alternatively in East Africa and ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. ...
Explore Eastern Uganda holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. ... Thanks to an intoxicating blend of adrenaline adventures and superb scenery, eastern Uganda is a must on any East African ...
Eastern Africa (UN subregion) ██ East African Community ██ Central African Federation (defunct) ██ geographic East Africa, ... The two main regions of Eastern Africa, the Horn of Africa and East Africa both have a long history with Arabia and the Middle ... Eastern Africa consists of two distinct geographic regions: the eastern portion of the African continent that includes Kenya, ... Eastern Africa is a region of sub-Saharan Africa containing the easternmost region of the continent, composed of two distinct ...
... Nairobi (Kenya), 28 October - ... Eastern Africa is no exception and has in recent years seen a surge in TIP. ... Participating in the launch, representatives from permanent missions of Eastern Africa Member States, Ms. Zainab Bangura, Under ... To effectively counter TIP in Eastern Africa it is imperative that Member States of the region ratify and incorporate into ...
... is repositioning forces in East Africa in an effort to attain maximum flexibility to respond to State Department - Defense ... The U.S. Africa Command (Africom) is repositioning forces in East Africa in an effort to attain maximum flexibility to respond ... U.S. soldiers and East Africa Response Force soldiers depart a U.S. Air Force C-130 Hercules aircraft in Juba, Sudan, Dec. 18, ... Press reports said that 45 soldiers from the Africom East Africa Response Force, were sent to South Sudan last Wednesday, to ...
Africa Beach Bed and Breakfast offers stylish, comfortable Guesthouse accommodation to business ... ... Bed and Breakfasts near Africa Beach B&B. FIND / South Africa Bed & Breakfasts / Eastern Cape Bed & Breakfasts / Sunshine Coast ... About Africa Beach B&B. Africa Beach Bed and Breakfast offers stylish, comfortable Guesthouse accommodation to business ... Africa Beach B&B is situated within easy walking distance to Port Elizabeths most popular beaches (3 minutes to Hobie Beach), ...
The newly established South and Eastern African Regional TB Network (SEARN-TB) aims to improve the coordination and ... and representatives of health ministries from 18 countries in southern and eastern Africa have established a new regional ... Southern and Eastern African countries form a network against Tuberculosis 12 May 2023. ... The newly established "South and Eastern African Regional TB Network (SEARN-TB) aims to improve the coordination and ...
South Africas only river port city, is set on the broad Buffalo River and one of the most attractive stretches of the Eastern ... Many of South Africas leaders were born in the Eastern Cape, like Thabo Mbeki, Nelson Mandela and Steve Biko. ... East London is the ideal base from which to explore the North-Eastern mountains and the Eastern Capes Wild Coast. The city has ... Before 1993, the Eastern Cape was part of the Cape Province. Today it includes the old homelands of Ciskei and Transkei. ...
We have been active in East Africa for many years. We regularly advise a broad spectrum of clients in the region. Our market ... Eastern Africa. We have been active in East Africa for many years. We regularly advise a broad spectrum of clients in the ... Our partners have years of experience advising clients based in and investing into Eastern Africa and we have strong working ... members of our Africa group comprise experts in their fields and have specific expertise in working in the Eastern African ...
... www.migrationpolicy.org/article/middle-eastern-and-north-african-immigrants-united-states ... Migration from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to the United States has a longstanding and nuanced history. ... Approximately 68 percent of MENA immigrants are from the Middle East and around 32 percent are from Northern Africa. Overall, ... "Northern Africa, not elsewhere classified"), and some immigrants list "Asia, nec/ns" as their birthplace. ...
Tag archives for Eastern Africa. Communication is Aid: Old and New Technologies Make Aid More Effective. Posted by Anne-Marie ... Fashion Show Highlights Africas Cotton, Textile, and Apparel Industry. Posted by Diana Harper on Wednesday, April 20th 2011 ... Our staff in Africa regularly send photos that show refugees receiving much-needed food aid, farmers applying modern ...
With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. ...
... in the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean region (EA-SA-IO). The EGEE-ICT is a four (4) year programme that ... namely Association of Regulators of Information and Communications for Eastern and Southern Africa (ARICEA), East African. ... The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Secretariat and the European Union (EU) have signed a Grant ... Copyright © 2022 Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Secretariat. All rights reserved. ...
Blood cigarettes: cigarette smuggling and war economies in central and eastern Africa ... Blood cigarettes: cigarette smuggling and war economies in central and eastern Africa ... Our research suggests that the following factors play an important role in cigarette smuggling in eastern and central Africa: ( ... something illustrated through examples from the war economy in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. ...
The Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) underground is characterized by its ironic mix of ideology and felony. We take a ... Our look into these digital souks also revealed how the Middle Eastern and North African underground is not a glass tank like ... The Middle Eastern and North African Underground: Where Culture and Cybercrime Meet. October 10, 2017 ... Of note are mobile devices and disposable SIM cards whose purchase in many Middle Eastern and North African countries requires ...
Acoziborole: Investigational single-dose oral treatment raises hope for elimination of sleeping sickness in Africa. ...
All rights reserved to the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel-Aviv University. Materials may be ... In this issue of Ifriqiya Rina Bassist explains the implications of shifts in off-shore piracy around the African continent in ... Matan Daniel presents an overview of two of the major transnational jihadi groups operating in Africa, al-Shabaab and Boko ... Rina Bassist analyzes the circumstances surrounding Israels recent accreditation as an African Union observer state, and ...
I thank James Currey and the British Institute in Eastern African for being bold enough to publish a book on African proverbs. ... Kamba Proverbs from Eastern Kenya contains a selection of 2000 proverbs out of 7000 proverbs that I collected over a long ... I am currently working on a new book project with the working title: Kamba Diaspora in East Africa from Pre-Islamic era to the ... The study of "Diaspora" within Africa is not a popular subject of historical inquiry for now. Yet, we have so many "ethnic ...
Researchers in Eastern and Southern Africa. Christiane Adamczyk (Rwanda, Burundi) , Sandra Calkins (Uganda) , Solange Guo ... Debate on China in Africa (France24.com, March, 27, 2013). Viewpoint: Africa must do more to profit from China (BBC Article, ... Africa Spectrum 50(1): 25-47. https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/afsp/article/download/827/828. Accessed 2015. ...
Attempts to kill African wild dogs on the road intentionally are commonplace in Babwata National Park as well as South Africa ... Today fewer than 660 packs of African wild dogs remain in Africa, with less than 300 mature adults in Namibia, of which the ... including the Range Wide Conservation Programme for Cheetah and African Wild Dogs, which works across Africa with all countries ... Travel in Africa is about knowing when and where to go, and with whom. A few weeks too early / late and a few kilometres off ...
Swimming pools at Diocesan School for Girls (DSG) Aquatics Centre in Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, SOUTH AFRICA
Eastern Queen Vani-Dress - Womens Dresses-African Fashion - Africa Imports ... Decrease Quantity of Eastern Queen Vani-Dress Increase Quantity of Eastern Queen Vani-Dress ...
Home » Publications » All research » Research article » Hydropower plans in eastern and southern Africa increase risk of ... Hydropower plans in eastern and southern Africa increase risk of concurrent climate-related electricity supply disruption ... Hydropower comprises a significant and rapidly expanding proportion of electricity production in eastern and southern Africa. ... of total hydropower capacity will be located in one cluster of rainfall variability in eastern and southern Africa, ...
African + Eastern has a network of 26 stores in the UAE, 5 in Oman and a team of over 400 professional staff. With an extensive ...
The Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) is a regional membership-based and donor- ... engaged in research in the social sciences and related fields in Eastern and Southern Africa. ... Africa US$23 + US$5 (postage). Others US$30 + US$5 (postage). Back issues (per copy) US$10. Address: OSSREA. P. O. Box 31971. ... whose mission is to promote dialogue and interaction between researchers and policy-makers in Eastern and Southern Africa with ...
The taskforce for setting up the subregional platform in Eastern & Southern Africa, incuding defining and creating entities to ... The coordinator of the Eastern & Southern Africa Subregional Platform is Jacob Wanyama, based in Nairobi, Kenya (jacobwanyama12 ... The Eastern & Southern Africa Subregional Platform includes the Country Platforms (CPs) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, South ... South Africa: (Ms) Brigid Letty ([email protected]) *Sudan: Mohamed Yousif Mabrouk ([email protected]) / (Ms) ...
  • 3) criminal elements also play an important role in smuggling-cigarette smuggling has helped rebel groups to finance their activities, something illustrated through examples from the war economy in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. (bmj.com)
  • We've had two confirmed outbreaks of this in western Uganda as well as eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. (cdc.gov)
  • Lusaka, Sunday, 27 November 2022: COMESA working with Save the Children, the African Child Policy and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) have convened a three-day conference on reinvigorating commitment by Member States and relevant stakeholders towards providing all-rounded protection to children in situations of conflict in Africa. (comesa.int)
  • On World Humanitarian Day 2022, hear from humanitarians working across Africa to transform the lives of children affected by disasters. (plan-international.org)
  • After the fourth below-average rainfall in early 2022 (normally March-June) in most eastern African countries, the risk of a fifth failure of the upcoming rainy season (normally October-December) remains. (acaps.org)
  • This report summarizes progress toward polio eradication since 1988 in the seven countries (Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia) of the Eastern Africa Epidemiological Block (EAEB) of the African Region (AFR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) ( Figure_1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Thanks to an intoxicating blend of adrenaline adventures and superb scenery, eastern Uganda is a must on any East African journey. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Eastern Africa consists of two distinct geographic regions: the eastern portion of the African continent that includes Kenya , Tanzania , and Uganda and the Horn of Africa , which includes Somalia , Djibouti , Eritrea , and Ethiopia . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Here, we examine the structure of African populations using genetic and comprehensive multi-generational ethnolinguistic data from the Neuropsychiatric Genetics of African Populations - Psychosis study (NeuroGAP- Psychosis ) consisting of 900 individuals from Ethiopia , Kenya , South Africa , and Uganda . (bvsalud.org)
  • Several avenues for marketing rice in three districts of Butaleja, Tororo, and Bugiri in Eastern Uganda are studied based on data collected from a community and market survey. (africaportal.org)
  • and makes the case stronger to expedite the implementation of government projects such as the "produce storage facilities development project", spelt out in the Second National Development Plan (NDP II) in the predominately rice growing Eastern Uganda. (africaportal.org)
  • JOHANNESBURG--( BUSINESS WIRE )--American Tower Corporation's (American Tower) African operations (ATC Africa) and Airtel Africa plc (Airtel Africa, or the Group) today announced that they have entered into a multi-year, multi-product agreement, leveraging ATC Africa's vast portfolio of communications sites and new site and product development capabilities across its footprint in Kenya, Niger, Nigeria and Uganda in support of Airtel Africa's network rollout. (businesswire.com)
  • We established our presence in Africa in 2011 and today operate more than 23,000 sites across Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. (businesswire.com)
  • Antibodies in are bred in the Greater Horn of Africa, primarily in Ethio- pia, Sudan, Somalia, and Kenya ( 13 ). (cdc.gov)
  • East Africa is a land of drastic geographic contrasts, featuring the two tallest peaks on the continent, Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, and the Great Rift Valley , a deep gorge shaped by tectonic forces. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Nairobi (Kenya) , 28 October - Thanks to funding from U.S. Department of State - Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, UNODC today presented the Regional Legislative Assessment on Trafficking in Persons in Eastern Africa (2021) at a launch event at Sankara Hotel in Nairobi. (unodc.org)
  • United States Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and Mr. Javier Montano, Programme Coordinator at UNODC Eastern Africa. (unodc.org)
  • Kamal Shah, the head of our Africa practice, is from Kenya. (shlegal.com)
  • Many of our communities are facing a severe drought and starvation in Kenya, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa etc. (viacampesina.org)
  • MEDIA ADVISORY Media representatives are invited to a Workshop on Environment and Climate Change Statistics for the African Development Fund Countries opening Monday 28 November in Nairobi, Kenya. (comesa.int)
  • Thank you, Professor Kitunda, for taking the time to answer some questions about your new book Kamba Proverbs from Eastern Kenya . (boydellandbrewer.com)
  • Kamba Proverbs from Eastern Kenya contains a selection of 2000 proverbs out of 7000 proverbs that I collected over a long period of time. (boydellandbrewer.com)
  • The coordinator of the Eastern & Southern Africa Subregional Platform is Jacob Wanyama, based in Nairobi, Kenya ( [email protected] ). (prolinnova.net)
  • This policy brief combines findings from Plan International's rapid gender analyses conducted in Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia and Kenya and existing literature to present the gendered impacts of the hunger and drought crises in the Horn of Africa. (plan-international.org)
  • A NEW government in Kenya has let east Africa turn its attention back to the region's original sick man. (economist.com)
  • The Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) at the World Health Organization (WHO), the Global TB Department of WHO (GTB), the WHO Regional Office for Africa (AFRO), and the WHO Regional Office for East Mediterranean Region (EMRO) as well as WHO-Ethiopia Country Office (WHO-Ethiopia), Damien Foundation, are all collaborating with key international partners towards the formation of the network. (who.int)
  • An advocacy document entitled, "Accelerating HIV treatment in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean and UNAIDS Middle East and North Africa regions", was launched at the Sixtieth session of the WHO Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean in Muscat, Oman. (who.int)
  • Accelerating HIV treatment in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region and UNAIDS Middle East and North Africa regions provides a framework for scaling up treatment built on four pillars: creating demand for testing and treatment, investing in health systems for the management and care of HIV, delivering results in an equitable manner and committing to urgent action. (who.int)
  • But from the beginning Gau was exposed to a wider field of historical sources, first as assistant site architect under Debret on the restoration of the abbey church of Saint-Denis (1813-15) and then from 1815 in Nazarene circles in Rome, where he met the archaeologist and philologist Barthold Nieburh (1776-1831), who arranged a scholarship for him from the Prussian government and a trip through the eastern Mediterranean. (oxfordartonline.com)
  • This article provides a critical overview of the key commercial, technical, legal, and political challenges the Eastern Mediterranean region faces. (insightturkey.com)
  • For more than a decade, the states bordering the Eastern Mediterranean Sea have been in disagreement over the delineation of their maritime. (insightturkey.com)
  • Results: Twelve studies with 1,637,297 participants from seven countries in four WHO regions (Africa, Americas, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific) were included. (cdc.gov)
  • Manual for editors of health science journals / WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean p. (bvsalud.org)
  • Since the mid 1990s, both the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean and editors of biomedical and other health science journals have sought to raise the quality and profile of journals in the Region. (bvsalud.org)
  • Volunteers from around the world have the opportunity to uplift and support volunteer projects in South Africa, Namibia, Malawi & Tanzania. (khayavolunteer.com)
  • Today fewer than 660 packs of African wild dogs remain in Africa, with less than 300 mature adults in Namibia, of which the majority are found outside protected areas. (africageographic.com)
  • Attempts to kill African wild dogs on the road intentionally are commonplace in Babwata National Park as well as South Africa and Zimbabwe. (africageographic.com)
  • Crawford Young sketches the historical context, and further country chapters analyze the roles of Rwanda, Angola, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • The Horn of Africa contains a wide diversity of geographical features, ranging from the Ethiopian highlands to the Ogaden desert in southeastern Ethiopia. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Ethiopia enters the annals of history as the oldest independent nation in Africa. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Officially opening the workshop, Dr. Abera Bekele, Senior Advisor with the Ministry of Health Ethiopia, said that collaboration among African countries to achieve the end of TB is critical as each NTP in Africa has a unique strength and best practice that can be successfully adopted and implemented by neighboring countries. (who.int)
  • The National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP) of Nkundabatware and the Hutu rebel group FDLR (Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda) remain the central causes of the current insecurity eastern Congo. (afjn.org)
  • The other enemies of the Tutsi in eastern Congo are the Rwandan Hutu rebels who were defeated in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. (afjn.org)
  • The first European power to establish a presence in Eastern Africa was Portugal , who set about acquiring a position in southern Mozambique . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Horn of Africa is a peninsula jutting out from the African mainland and bordered by the Red Sea , the Gulf of Aden , and the Indian Ocean . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The geography of the eastern portion of the African mainland exhibits the same variety of natural features found in the Horn of Africa. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • This policy brief presents the gendered impacts of the hunger and drought crises in the Horn of Africa. (plan-international.org)
  • The impact of the drought in the Horn of Africa has led to loss of livelihoods, food insecurity, malnutrition, water scarcity, epidemics, conflicts, children dropping out of school and protection risks such as child marriage and sexual and gender-based violence. (plan-international.org)
  • On 26-28 August 2020, the eighth edition of the East Africa International Arbitration Conference, took place on a virtual platform instead of Zanzibar. (shlegal.com)
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) has made major strides in simplifying administrative processes under the Free Trade Area to deepen intra-regional trade which stood at US$90bn as of 2020. (comesa.int)
  • South Africa (SA) between 2019 and 2020. (who.int)
  • This is the virus that causes a majority of the Ebola outbreaks in West and Central Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • RECOMMENDED that the resolution taken last year should stand and that meetings should be held alternatively in East Africa and in West Africa. (who.int)
  • Their history is rich in customs, traditions, economics, politics and culture, which date back to Herodotus, the Greek historian, who wrote about the Silent Trade in West Africa", in the 4th century BC, a story also reported by the Ogoni in their oral tradition. (africanbookscollective.com)
  • Scholars frequently relate the history of West Africa to the coming of the white man into the region. (africanbookscollective.com)
  • To assess the extent to which waves 3 and 4 of the COVID-19 pandemic affected routine health services in South Africa, and whether there was any recovery in 2021. (who.int)
  • U.S. soldiers and East Africa Response Force soldiers depart a U.S. Air Force C-130 Hercules aircraft in Juba, Sudan, Dec. 18, 2013. (defense-update.com)
  • Press reports said that 45 soldiers from the Africom East Africa Response Force, were sent to South Sudan last Wednesday, to help secure U.S. personnel and facilities. (defense-update.com)
  • South Sudan observed Eastern Africa Time (EAT) all year. (timeanddate.com)
  • Commitment to this goal and to the strategies that have proven effective in other regions (2,3) was reaffirmed in 1995 by the African Regional Health Committee and in 1996 by heads of state attending the Organization of African Unity Summit. (cdc.gov)
  • Catastrophic drought has thrust tens of millions of people in East Africa into acute food insecurity, raising the specter of famine. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Page 14 Eastern Europe. (cia.gov)
  • The HIV epidemic in Europe is still growing at an alarming rate, particularly in Eastern Europe, according to a new report. (cnn.com)
  • We are quite far behind achieving those targets, particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," said Dr. Masoud Dara, coordinator of communicable diseases and HIV team lead at WHO Europe. (cnn.com)
  • The significance in this report is that we can see a sharp difference between Eastern Europe and the European Union where the number of HIV infection numbers is dropping. (cnn.com)
  • Dara said there were multiple factors behind the HIV rate in Eastern Europe, with the most important one being a lack of prevention. (cnn.com)
  • We do not have many of these in Eastern European countries as opposed to Western Europe," he said, adding that early testing for HIV needs to be in place, as well as treatment. (cnn.com)
  • From 2005-06, I served in the US Peace Corps in Eastern Europe. (cdc.gov)
  • Birds have been implicated in spreading WNV during migratory events in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East ( 6 - 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Substantial progress toward achieving VMMC targets has been made in the 10 years since the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended scale-up of VMMC for HIV prevention in 14 Southern and Eastern African countries with generalized HIV epidemics and low male circumcision prevalence ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Experts in the prevention and management of Tuberculosis (TB) and representatives of health ministries from 18 countries in southern and eastern Africa have established a new regional network. (who.int)
  • It is a big port through which ships bring products from overseas or take them from South Africa to other countries. (sahistory.org.za)
  • More than 60 public sector experts on environment and climate change statistics from 37 African Development Fund (ADF) countries in Africa will participate in the in-person workshop. (comesa.int)
  • Of note are mobile devices and disposable SIM cards whose purchase in many Middle Eastern and North African countries requires a passport, biometric registration, or personally identifiable document.Other offerings include purportedly secure virtual private networks as well as advanced worms and remote access Trojans. (trendmicro.com)
  • CCF coordinates with regional efforts to support the species, including the Range Wide Conservation Programme for Cheetah and African Wild Dogs, which works across Africa with all countries where these two species exist in the wild. (africageographic.com)
  • By 2040, total demand in countries included in the Eastern Africa Power Pool and Southern African Power Pool are expected to triple to approximately 1600 TWh. (irena.org)
  • IRENA identified 4290 renewable energy zones in countries included in the African Clean Energy Corridor (ACEC) * , with solar and wind power offering generation potential as much as 7 TW and 2 TW respectively, of which more than 99% are still untapped. (irena.org)
  • During 2010-2012, CDC (through the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) supported 1,020,424 VMMCs in nine countries in Southern and Eastern Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2013-2016, CDC-supported implementation partners performed 4,859,948 VMMCs in 12 countries in Southern and Eastern Africa, a substantial increase from 2010-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • This study aims to investigate the gender aspect of young people's attitude (students who just started their university education) from Eastern and Central European countries to entrepreneurship. (businessperspectives.org)
  • See UNODC's Strategic Vision for Africa 2030 here . (unodc.org)
  • By 2030, 70% and 59% of total hydropower capacity will be located in one cluster of rainfall variability in eastern and southern Africa, respectively, increasing the risk of concurrent climate-related electricity supply disruption in each region. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Access to broadband services has helped unlock an array of new opportunities and services that are enhancing the livelihoods of Africans, spurring Africa's economic growth, and advancing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda for the continent. (businesswire.com)
  • Superbly set on the shores of Algoa Bay, "The Friendly City" is the fifth biggest city in South Africa and the largest on the coast between Cape Town and Durban. (sahistory.org.za)
  • From the adventurous delights of Cape Town to the vast, malaria-free safari reserves of the Eastern Cape, South Africa is the ideal destination for families looking to experience Africa and all its wonders. (exsus.com)
  • From Cape Town, you'll fly to Port Elizabeth and then drive to the malaria-free Kwandwe Private Game Reserve to spend two nights in the Eastern Cape's most exclusive park. (exsus.com)
  • The Ogoni of the Eastern Niger Delta are an ancient African community in Southern Nigeria, whose history dates back to BC times. (africanbookscollective.com)
  • This is why the first response to the insecurity in eastern Congo must be to quell Rwanda's concerns about the FDLR. (afjn.org)
  • The Human Rights Watch report, meanwhile, is a searing account of how rape has been used with impunity as a military tactic to subdue and control large swaths of eastern Congo. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • A second change is the adoption of a new response option for respondents of Middle Eastern or North African (MENA) descent. (cdc.gov)
  • Most respondents were either Black/African American (26), White (25) or MENA (23). (cdc.gov)
  • Migration from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to the United States has a longstanding and nuanced history. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Approximately 68 percent of MENA immigrants are from the Middle East and around 32 percent are from Northern Africa. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Regional Committee for Africa, 2 (‎ World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Other nations are often considered a part of the eastern Africa region, though distinctions seem to vary by organization. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) is a regional membership-based and donor-supported research and capacity-building organization whose mission is to promote dialogue and interaction between researchers and policy-makers in Eastern and Southern Africa with a view to enhancing the impact of research on policy-making and development planning. (ajol.info)
  • Unique and inspiring experiences are what makes life worth living and what better way to do this with a partner organization that work in Africa! (khayavolunteer.com)
  • EE has partnered with the South African Development Fund to allow USA based donors and supporters tomake tax-exempt donations to EE. (equaleducation.org.za)
  • To effectively counter TIP in Eastern Africa it is imperative that Member States of the region ratify and incorporate into national legislation the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its Protocols as well as enhanced regional cooperation through a regional plan of action. (unodc.org)
  • This assessment highlights response gaps across the Eastern Africa region and provides recommendations on how best we can effectively prevent and suppress this crime, bring its perpetrators to justice and protect its victims. (unodc.org)
  • The aim of the project is to reduce TIP in the region by enhancing the strategic and operational capacity of States and regional organizations in Eastern Africa to prevent, suppress and punish TIP, while effectively protecting and supporting victims and witnesses of trafficking. (unodc.org)
  • The newly established "South and Eastern African Regional TB Network (SEARN-TB) aims to improve the coordination and harmonization of TB control strategies, focusing on encouraging implementation and operational research and the effective use of research outcomes to strengthen TB control throughout the region. (who.int)
  • The international members of our Africa group comprise experts in their fields and have specific expertise in working in the Eastern African region. (shlegal.com)
  • Our partners have years of experience advising clients based in and investing into Eastern Africa and we have strong working relationships with leading lawyers within the region. (shlegal.com)
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa - COMESA has developed regional policy frameworks that will assist Member States to improve the quality of solar products that are allowed into the region and achieve the ease the doing of business across borders due to predictable duty regimes. (comesa.int)
  • To encourage coexistence and reduce conflict, CCF has conducted Future Farmers of Africa training courses in the region to teach the best rangeland, livestock and wildlife management techniques, including non-lethal predator control. (africageographic.com)
  • More than 130,000 of those diagnoses were in Europe's eastern region, the most ever reported there. (cnn.com)
  • Intravenous drug use and heterosexual contact were the most common ways HIV was transmitted in Europe's eastern region, the report said. (cnn.com)
  • Trapdoor spiders are reluctant travellers, but millions of years ago one species appears to have made an epic journey from Africa across the vast Indian Ocean to call Australia home. (abc.net.au)
  • There are many Australian species of flora and fauna that share ancestry with African species, says researcher and University of Adelaide PhD candidate Sophie Harrison, from when the two continents were merged in the supercontinent of Gondwana. (abc.net.au)
  • Supporting this hypothesis is the presence of another species of Moggridgea on the volcanic Comoros islands off the south-east coast of Africa, which were formed between 100,000 and 7.7 million years ago. (abc.net.au)
  • In this issue of Ifriqiya Rina Bassist explains the implications of shifts in off-shore piracy around the African continent in the past decade. (dayan.org)
  • Mother and daughter of Middle Eastern background. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • In the Middle Eastern and North African underground , they're free. (trendmicro.com)
  • All rights reserved to the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel-Aviv University. (dayan.org)
  • Global Arbitration Review is delighted to publish The Middle Eastern and African Arbitration Review 2016 , one of a series of special reports that deliver business-focused intelligence and analysis designed to help general counsel, arbitrators and private practitioners to avoid the pitfalls and seize the opportunities of international arbitration. (globalarbitrationreview.com)
  • From 2008 to 2014 she was a research associate at the Center for Middle Eastern and North African Politics. (fu-berlin.de)
  • Middle Eastern Dance Basics as Aerobics - review at a fast pace! (instepstudio.com)
  • Private lessons and coaching for Hawaiian Hula, Middle Eastern Belly Dance, and Middle Eastern drumming and Flamenco will be available again as soon as it is feasible. (instepstudio.com)
  • Regional Office for Africa. (who.int)
  • The G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa and other pro-industrial agriculture initiatives such as Grow Africa, African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), Farm Input Promotions Africa (FIPS-Africa), Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), the entrenchment of UPOV seed laws through regional economic and political blocs COMESA and SADC only promote debt, poverty and entrench inequality. (viacampesina.org)
  • A diagram of the regional structure of Prolinnova in Africa and links with other parts of the global network can be found here . (prolinnova.net)
  • To unlock this potential, Africa needs to revise its regional master plans that currently favour fossil-fuels despite the enormous advances and cost reductions of renewable technologies. (irena.org)
  • This study aimed to determine the incidence of AKI among COVID-19 patients who died in a regional hospital in South Africa . (bvsalud.org)
  • This retrospective record review was conducted at the Mthatha Regional Hospital in South Africa 's Eastern Cape province. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite declining wildlife populations, Eastern Africa continues to attract tourists looking for contact with big game. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • African populations are the most diverse in the world yet are sorely underrepresented in medical genetics research . (bvsalud.org)
  • The work presented here improves the understanding of the spectrum of genetic variation in African populations and highlights the enormous and complex genetic and ethnolinguistic diversity across Africa . (bvsalud.org)
  • Arabellions - on the Diversity of Protest and Revolt in the Middle East and North Africa [Arabellions. (fu-berlin.de)
  • Genetic structure correlates with ethnolinguistic diversity in eastern and southern Africa. (bvsalud.org)
  • East Africa is also famous for its bodies of water and boasts both Lake Victoria , the world's second largest freshwater lake, and Lake Tanganyika the world's second deepest lake. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Despite Portuguese attempts to hinder British expansion, Great Britain succeeded in cystralizing its position as a major colonial force in east Africa. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The U.S. Africa Command (Africom) is repositioning forces in East Africa in an effort to attain maximum flexibility to respond to State Department requests, Pentagon spokesman Army Col. Steve Warren said. (defense-update.com)
  • East London is the ideal base from which to explore the North-Eastern mountains and the Eastern Cape's Wild Coast. (sahistory.org.za)
  • We have been active in East Africa for many years. (shlegal.com)
  • The products and services that have become cybercriminal staples across the world are also available in the Middle East and North African underground-credit card dumps, online accounts, credentials, and malware. (trendmicro.com)
  • The proverbs touch on many subjects ranging from environmental history to cultural history of the Kamba people of East Africa. (boydellandbrewer.com)
  • The book demonstrates, for instance, how legends, myths, poetry and proverbs have inspired archaeological research across East Africa. (boydellandbrewer.com)
  • That's the story in East Africa, where majors began outlining resources and then ditched them for onshore assets. (equities.com)
  • In this interview with The Energy Report , Canaccord Genuity Director of Research Christopher Brown fills us in on hidden opportunities in the rift basins of east Africa. (equities.com)
  • A luxury safari holiday in the wilderness game reserves of East and Southern Africa is an unbeatable experience. (wexas.com)
  • Wind speeds are impressively high in East, Northern and Southern Africa. (irena.org)
  • I think and hope this book will provide an affirmative answer to that question and thus inspire other researchers to probe African proverbs for what they hold secretly for all interests-public, scholars, politicians, and artists who use proverbs to embellish their arts and so forth. (boydellandbrewer.com)
  • AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. (ajol.info)
  • Then in October 2006, Neel Gandhi and colleagues published a report in The Lancet on an outbreak in Tugela Ferry in South Africa, where they found 53 patients with XDR TB, 52 of whom died a median of 16 days from diagnosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Airtel Africa's environmental goals are aligned with ours and, as we expand digital reach on the African continent, we remain committed to reducing GHG emissions in tandem with our growth. (businesswire.com)
  • In South Africa, it is emerging as a strategy for poverty alleviation. (mellenpress.com)
  • Entrepreneurship training and poverty alleviation: Empowering the poor in the Eastern Free State of South Africa. (bvsalud.org)