Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)AfricaHistory, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Sparrows: The family Passeridae comprised of small, mainly brown and grey seed-eating birds with conical bills.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Pharmacological Phenomena: Interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function.Tooth Apex: The tip or terminal end of the root of a tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p62)Root Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Resilience, Psychological: The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.Burundi: A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.Rwanda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.PortugalOttoman Empire: A sultanate comprised at various times of parts of EUROPE, ASIA, and AFRICA. Its period extends generally from 1301 to 1922.Argasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.Camels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Mozambique: A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.EuropeFar East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Denial (Psychology): Refusal to admit the truth or reality of a situation or experience.Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Genocide: The deliberate annihilation of a national, ethnic, or religious group, in part or in whole.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It was established in 1948.Information Centers: Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.Biological Specimen Banks: Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.Biohazard Release: Uncontrolled release of biological material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a biological hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Knowledge Management: The leveraging of collective wisdom within an organization as a catalyst to increase responsiveness and innovation.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Planning Organizations: Organizations involved in all aspects of health planning activities.Nursing, Team: Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Agraphia: Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Support Vector Machines: Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)YemenBlogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Anthropology, Medical: Field of social science that is concerned with differences between human groups as related to health status and beliefs.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.ProspectusesChristianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Protestantism: The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Forgiveness: Excusing or pardoning for an offense or release of anger or resentment.Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.Dracunculus Nematode: A genus of nematode parasites which inhabit the body cavity, serous membranes, and connective tissues of vertebrates. The parasitic species in humans is Dracunculus medinensis.Dracunculiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.Cervical Ripening: A change in the CERVIX UTERI with respect to its readiness to relax. The cervix normally becomes softer, more flexible, more distensible, and shorter in the final weeks of PREGNANCY. These cervical changes can also be chemically induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Civil Disorders: Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.

Phylogeny of a rapidly evolving clade: the cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi, East Africa. (1/271)

Lake Malawi contains a flock of >500 species of cichlid fish that have evolved from a common ancestor within the last million years. The rapid diversification of this group has been attributed to morphological adaptation and to sexual selection, but the relative timing and importance of these mechanisms is not known. A phylogeny of the group would help identify the role each mechanism has played in the evolution of the flock. Previous attempts to reconstruct the relationships among these taxa using molecular methods have been frustrated by the persistence of ancestral polymorphisms within species. Here we describe results from a DNA fingerprinting technique that overcomes this problem by examining thousands of polymorphisms distributed across the genome. The resulting dendrogram averages the evolutionary history of thousands of genes and should accurately reflect the evolutionary history of these species. Our tree resolves relationships among closely related Lake Malawi cichlids and provides insights into the pattern of speciation in this group. We demonstrate that adaptive divergence in trophic morphology played an important role during the early history of the lake. Subsequent species diversity has arisen with little change in trophic morphology, which suggests that other forces are responsible for the continued speciation of these fishes.  (+info)

Typing of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi C isolates from various countries by plasmid profiles and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. (2/271)

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of 61 Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi C isolates from six countries gave five distinct clusters. Twenty-four isolates from five countries were susceptible to 10 antimicrobials tested and gave similar restriction endonuclease digest patterns of the 38-MDa plasmid. In contrast, plasmid and PFGE profiles of 37 multidrug-resistant isolates from Zaire were different from those from other countries.  (+info)

Natural experimental models: the global search for biomedical paradigms among traditional, modernizing, and modern populations. (3/271)

During the past four decades, biomedical scientists have slowly begun to recognize the unique opportunities for studying biomedical processes, disease etiology, and mechanisms of pathogenesis in populations with unusual genetic structures, physiological characteristics, focal endemic disease, or special circumstances. Such populations greatly extend our research capabilities and provide a natural laboratory for studying relationships among biobehavioral, genetic, and ecological processes that are involved in the development of disease. The models presented illustrate three different types of natural experiments: those occurring in traditionally living, modernizing, and modern populations. The examples are drawn from current research that involves population mechanisms of adaptation among East African Turkana pastoralists; a search for etiology and mechanisms of pathogenesis of an emerging disease among the Yakut people of Siberia; and psychosocial stress, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in women working outside the home in New York City and among subpopulations in Hawaii. The models in general, and the examples in specific, represent natural laboratories in which relatively small intrapopulation differences and large interpopulation differences can be used to evaluate health and disease outcomes.  (+info)

Epidemiological uses of a population model for the tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus. (4/271)

The spatial and temporal risk of tick-borne disease depends fundamentally on the distribution, abundance and seasonal dynamics of the vector ticks. The latter factor exerts a major quantitative influence on the transmission dynamics of tick-borne parasites. The population model for Rhipicephalus appendiculatus applies throughout the range of this tick in eastern Africa, and predicts all three fundamental risk factors on the basis of the local temperature and rainfall conditions. Satellite imagery can provide more detailed, real-time measures of environmental conditions over extensive areas than climatic data. There is preliminary evidence to suggest that the population model could be driven by satellite-derived surrogates of its climatic predictors, thus providing wide-scale predictive risk maps of theileriosis.  (+info)

The origin and age of haplochromine fishes in Lake Victoria, east Africa. (5/271)

According to a widely held view, the more than 300 species of haplochromine cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria (LV), East Africa, originated from a single founder species in less than 12,000 years. This view, however, does not follow from the published geological and molecular evidence. The former does indeed suggest that the LV basin dried out less than 15,000 years ago, but it does not provide any information about the species that re-colonized the new lake or that remained in the rivers draining the area. The molecular evidence is inconclusive with respect to the origin of the LV haplochromines because cichlids from critical regions around LV were not adequately sampled; and as far as the age of the LV haplochromines is concerned, it in fact led to an estimate of 250,000-750,000 years old. In the present study, mitochondrial DNA (control region) variation was determined by heteroduplex and sequencing analyses of more than 670 specimens collected at widely distributed East African riverine and lacustrine localities. The analyses revealed the existence of seven haplogroups (I-VII) distinguishable by characteristic substitutions. All endemic LV samples tested fell into one of these haplogroups (V) which, however, was also found to be present at various other localities, both riverine and lacustrine, outside LV. Within this haplogroup, four subgroups (VA through VD) could be distinguished, two of which (VB and VC) were represented in LV and at other localities. The great majority of the LV haplochromine species could be classified as belonging to the VC subgroup, which was found only in LV and in the rivers draining into it. Hence, while the endemic haplochromine species of LV could not have originated from a single founding population, the lake does harbour a large species flock which probably arose in situ.  (+info)

Long term results of glaucoma surgery among participants in an east African population survey. (6/271)

AIM: To evaluate the long term results of glaucoma surgery among people in East Africa. METHODS: Participants in a population based survey of eye disease prevalence were offered glaucoma surgery using standardised criteria. Either surgical iridectomy or trabeculectomy was carried out as indicated by a medical officer or by one of two ophthalmologists. Trabeculectomy methods included releasable sutures and mitomycin C in the majority of eyes. Subjects were examined during the first week and 2 months after surgery. Nearly 3 years later, re-examination was carried out in those who were still resident in the region. RESULTS: Among 46 people who were offered iridectomy, trabeculectomy, or combined cataract extraction/lens implant/trabeculectomy, 21 people underwent surgery (46%). Of the 21, 19 were re-examined at 3 years (90%), including 16/18 eyes after trabeculectomy. Among these, intraocular pressure (IOP) declined from 29.9 (SD 9.4) mm Hg to 14.7 (5.9) mm Hg, with 16 of 18 eyes (89%) achieving a reduction > 25%. Hypotony maculopathy, late bleb leak, and late endophthalmitis were not detected. Visually significant cataract developed in 5/15 re-examined eyes that underwent trabeculectomy alone (33%), possibly associated with pre-existing cataract and diagnosis of angle closure glaucoma, but not with mitomycin C use. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of those with glaucoma among residents of rural African villages accepted the offer of surgical therapy. While technical success was achieved at satisfactory levels, the development of cataract must be considered an important issue for application of glaucoma surgical therapy programmes.  (+info)

Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes). (7/271)

Serotype O is the most prevalent of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and occurs in many parts of the world. The UPGMA method was used to construct a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotide sequences at the 3' end of the VP1 gene from 105 FMD type O viruses obtained from samples submitted to the OIE/FAO World Reference Laboratory for FMD. This analysis identified eight major genotypes when a value of 15% nucleotide difference was used as a cut-off. The validity of these groupings was tested on the complete VP1 gene sequences of 23 of these viruses by bootstrap resampling and construction of a neighbour-joining tree. These eight genetic lineages fell within geographical boundaries and we have used the term topotype to describe them. Using a large sequence database, the distribution of viruses belonging to each of the eight topotypes has been determined. These phylogenetically based epidemiological studies have also been used to identify viruses that have transgressed their normal ecological niches. Despite the high rate of mutation during replication of the FMD virus genome, the topotypes appear to represent evolutionary cul-de-sacs.  (+info)

Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins. (8/271)

DNA from ancient human remains provides perspectives on the origin of our species and the relationship between molecular and morphological variation. We report analysis of mtDNA from the remains of 10 ancient Australians. These include the morphologically gracile Lake Mungo 3 [ approximately 60 thousand years (ka) before present] and three other gracile individuals from Holocene deposits at Willandra Lakes (<10 ka), all within the skeletal range of living Australians, and six Pleistocene/early Holocene individuals (15 to <8 ka) from Kow Swamp with robust morphologies outside the skeletal range of contemporary indigenous Australians. Lake Mungo 3 is the oldest (Pleistocene) "anatomically modern" human from whom DNA has been recovered. His mtDNA belonged to a lineage that only survives as a segment inserted into chromosome 11 of the nuclear genome, which is now widespread among human populations. This lineage probably diverged before the most recent common ancestor of contemporary human mitochondrial genomes. This timing of divergence implies that the deepest known mtDNA lineage from an anatomically modern human occurred in Australia; analysis restricted to living humans places the deepest branches in East Africa. The other ancient Australian individuals we examined have mtDNA sequences descended from the most recent common ancestor of living humans. Our results indicate that anatomically modern humans were present in Australia before the complete fixation of the mtDNA lineage now found in all living people. Sequences from additional ancient humans may further challenge current concepts of modern human origins.  (+info)

*Crime in Portugal

... a parish in eastern Lisbon municipality, as well as some areas of the municipalities of Odivelas, Loures and Vila Franca de ... as a major centre of international tourism and located in a corner of Europe close to the North of Africa, the region has been ... the decreasing economic opportunities for African, East European and South American immigrants and a rise in the number of ... Brazil and the former Portuguese territories in Africa - the PALOP countries). This led to the dismissal of Internal ...

*Eastern Africa Standby Force

The Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF), formerly Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG), is one of the five regional forces ... "African Standby Force: East Africa Moves On." African Security Studies 13, no. 2 (2004): 113-121. Robinson, Colin. "The Eastern ... The Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security The Council, which congresses at least twice a year, manages ... The Eastern Africa Committee of Chiefs of Defense Staff (EACDS) The EACDS serves as an advisory Military Committee of the ...

*Catholic University of Eastern Africa

CUEA, . "The Faculties of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA). Retrieved 3 ... "The Campuses of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA). Retrieved 3 February 2015 ... Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA) is a multi-campus university in Kenya. The main campus of the university is ... The Institute rebranded as the Catholic University of Eastern Africa, in 1992. In 2002, the Faculties of Science and Commerce ...

*Coastal forests of eastern Africa

The Coastal forests of eastern Africa is a tropical moist forest region along the east coast of Africa. The region was ... Coastal Forests of Kenya and Tanzania (Tanzania Forest Conservation Group) Coastal forests of eastern Africa (Conservation ... African Wild Dog Conservancy's Biodiversity Hotspots Page. ...

*Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC)

The Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC) is an organization representing those involved in the grain trade in Eastern Africa. It ... In an attempt to rectify this, EAGC has developed several regional activities, including the Eastern Africa Grain Institute ( ... It runs an annual African Grain Trade Summit and issues a variety of publications, including one on Structured Grain Trading. ... "Structured grain trading systems in Africa" (PDF). CTA. Retrieved 7 February 2016. ...

*University of Eastern Africa, Baraton

The University of Eastern Africa, Baraton (UEAB) is a private coeducational Seventh-day Adventist university located about 50 ... Thus there was a great need for a full-fledged university in Eastern Africa. In October 1978, the Board of the Afro-Mideast ... students desiring that level of education in an Adventist institution before 1980 had to go outside Eastern Africa. During the ... District to the Seventh-day Adventist Church for the purpose of founding what is now known as the University of Eastern Africa ...

*African & Eastern Trade Corporation

The African and Eastern Trade Corporation was incorporated in Liverpool in 1919 and had establishments in several African ... the United Africa Company Limited (UAC). The African and Eastern Trading Corporation was also a large share owner in the ... and the African and Eastern Trade Corporation employed a number of English-speaking employees of both European and African ... Companies portal List of trading companies Documents and clippings about African & Eastern Trade Corporation in the 20th ...

*MUSEA (Music School of Eastern Africa)

... is a music college based in Kisumu, Nyanza, West Kenya. MUSEA was founded by Isaiah ...

*Christian Reformed Church in Eastern Africa

The Christian Reformed Church in Eastern Africa was born in 1992, when several pastors left the Reformed Church of East Africa ... Christian Reformed Church in Eastern Africa in Congo. ...

*Journal of Eastern African Studies

The Journal of Eastern African Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on the Eastern African ... It was established in 2007 and is published by Routledge on behalf of the British Institute in Eastern Africa. The journal is ... "Journal of Eastern African Studies". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015 ... Official website British Institute in Eastern Africa. ... abstracted and indexed in African Studies Abstracts Online, CAB ...

*Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa

The Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa (DLCO-EA) is "a regional pest and vector management organization ...

*Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa

The Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa (AMECEA), the Association of Episcopal Conferences of Eastern ... It is one of ten members of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar(SECAM). Members of the AMECEA ... Catholic Church in Africa "AMECEA Chairman". Amecea.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2012-08-08. http ... Africa and the coordinating body of the Catholic dioceses. The AMECEA was established in 1961. Was the founding president of ...

*List of political parties in Eastern Africa by country

This is a List of political parties in Eastern Africa by country, linking to the country list of parties and the political ...

*European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal

The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was first ... The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded as a service ribbon throughout the entire Second World War due ... "European-African-Middle EASTERN CAMPAIGN MEDAL Fact Sheet". Air force Personnel Center. Aug 23, 2010. Archived from the ... The first recipient of the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower on 24 July ...

*Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies

The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies (MDC) is an Israeli think tank based in Tel Aviv, Israel, focused ... "About the MDC Library". Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. Retrieved 2016-01-31. "About the MDC Arabic ... "Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies - CFTAU". CFTAU. Retrieved 2016-01-31. " ... Irit Back, Ph.D. Head of African Studies at the MDC, and author of "Intervention and Sovereignty in Africa: Conflict Resolution ...

*Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade bloc East African Community (EAC) Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) Southern African Development ... The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with nineteen member states stretching from ... "Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa". Retrieved 10 December 2011. COMESA website Information ... In 2008, COMESA agreed to an expanded free-trade zone including members of two other African trade blocs, the East African ...

*N3 Eastern Bypass (South Africa)

The N3 Eastern Bypass is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road that forms a beltway around the city of Johannesburg, South ... From the south, the Eastern Bypass begins at the Elands Interchange, where it merges with the N12 freeway. It ends at the ... The Eastern Bypass forms part of the Gauteng e-Toll Project.. ... linking the Eastern Bypass with the N3 freeway to Heidelberg. ... Africa, as part of the N3. The first section of the freeway opened in 1971, from Buccleuch to the interchanged with Main Reef ...

*Eastern and Southern African Management Institute

The Eastern and Southern African Management Institute (ESAMI) is an international university headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania ... ESAMI is a leading institution of tertiary education and business research in Eastern and Southern Africa. ESAMI was ... ULII, . (28 February 1980). "Eastern and Southern African Management Institute Act 1980". Uganda Legal Information Institute ( ... ESAMI, . (2014). "Academic Programmes Offered At ESAMI". Eastern and Southern African Management Institute (ESAMI). Retrieved 6 ...

*Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa

... official site The Standard, "How ports in Africa plan to tackle ... PMAESA was first established as the Port Management Association of Eastern Africa, in Mombasa, Kenya, on April 1973, under the ... The Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA) is a non-profit, inter-governmental organization made ... Southern Coastal members: Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, and South Africa. Landlocked members with lake ports: Burundi, Rwanda, ...

*Rutgers University Department of African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures

The Department of African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian ... Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures Calendar of Events , Department of African, Middle Eastern, and South ... Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures Languages , Department of African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian ... Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures Minor Program , Department of African, Middle Eastern, and South ...

*Middle Eastern and North African music traditions

ISBN 1-85828-636-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. ...

*List of leaders of Middle Eastern and North African states

This is a list of leaders of Middle Eastern and North African states. It consists of the heads of state and government within ...

*Library of Congress Classification:Class P, subclass PL -- Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania -...

... not in Eastern Asia. PL1-8844..........Languages of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania PL1-481..........Ural-Altaic languages PL21- ... Subclass PL: Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania is a classification used by the Library of Congress ... Far Eastern languages and literature PL501-889..........Japanese language and literature PL501-699..........Japanese language ... African languages and literature PL8000-8009..........Languages PL8009.5-8014..........Literature PL8015-8021.......... ...

*Columbia University Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies

The Columbia University Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies (also known as "MESAAS") is a leading ... The Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies A History of MESAAS. ... Mamadou Diouf is a professor of Western African history and director of the Institute of African Studies at School of ... Souleymane Bachir Diagne is a Professor of African Literature and Philosophy, affiliated with the Institute of African Studies ...

*Lawrence Miles (cricketer)

"South-Africa-Eastern-Cape-L Archives". Rootsweb. Retrieved 2 April 2017. Lawrence Miles at ESPNcricinfo Lawrence Miles at ...

*Philippines Campaign (1944-1945)

On October 20, 1944, the U.S. Sixth Army, supported by naval and air bombardment, landed on the favorable eastern shore of ... involving more troops than the United States had used in North Africa, Italy, or southern France. Palawan Island, between ... The liberation of the Philippines commenced with amphibious landings on the eastern Philippine island of Leyte on October 20, ...

*Rembrandt Group

"RootsWeb: SOUTH-AFRICA-EASTERN-CAPE-L Anton RUPERT". archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03. User, Super. " ... The Rembrandt Group, officially known as Rembrandt Trust (Proprietary) Limited, is a South African tobacco and industrial ...
This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of One Health Central and Eastern Africa and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. © One Health Central and Eastern Africa 2018: All rights reserved.. ...
Rainforest change analysis in Eastern Africa: A new multisourced, semi-quantitative approach to investigating more than 100 years of forest cover disturbance [Elektronische Ressource] / Nicholas Mitchell. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät : Rainforest change analysis in Eastern Africa: A new multi-sourced, semi-quantitative approach to investigating more than 100 years of forest cover disturbance Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades (Dr. rer. nat.) der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn vorgelegt von Nicholas Mitchell aus Somerset, Great Britain
We report four novel KIR2DL2 alleles and two novel KIR2DL3 alleles identified from an East African population using sequence-based typing. Sequencing and molecular cloning of exon 4 confirmed that the new 2DL2 alleles were identical to 2DL2*003, except for the following nucleotide differences: 2DL2*00601 had a difference at codon 16 (CGC→CCC), resulting in a coding change from arginine to proline; 2DL2*00602 also had this difference at codon 16, as well as a synonymous difference (GAT→GAC) at codon 31; 2DL2*00303 had a synonymous difference (AAA→AAG) at codon 61; and 2DL2*00304 had a synonymous difference (GGG→GGA) at codon 75. 2DL3*017 was identical to 2DL3*005 except at codon 11 (CGG→CTG, arginine→leucine) and exon 9, codons 297 (CAC→CGC, histidine→arginine) and 321 (TGA→AGA, stop codon→arginine). 2DL3*00104 was identical to KIR2DL3*001 except for a synonymous difference (GAG→GAA) at codon 54. Identification of novel killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) alleles ...
Eastern African History by Robert O Collins starting at $1.37. Eastern African History has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
Explore Eastern Africa on a Serengeti safari, trek up Mount Kilimanjaro, or tiptoe past endangered gorillas in mountain jungles. East Africa offers adventures of all kinds, and the chance to relax on sensational island beaches too.
Biodiversity within inland water ecosystems in Eastern Africa is both highly diverse and of great regional importance to livelihoods and economies. However, development activities are not always compatible with the conservation of this diversity and it is poorly represented in the development planning process. One of the main reasons for inadequate representation of biodiversity is cited as a lack of readily available information on the status and distribution of inland water taxa. In a response to this need for information, the IUCN/SSC Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme conducted a regional assessment of over 1,600 taxa of freshwater fishes, molluscs, odonates and crabs from Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. In the process of the study, which is based on the collation and analysis of existing information, regional experts from five of these countries were trained in biodiversity assessment methods and, where appropriate, in field assessment and taxonomy. ...
Buy Biogeography and Ecology of the Rain Forests of Eastern Africa (9780521068987) (9780521430838): NHBS - Edited By: Jon C Lovett and Samuel K Wasser, Cambridge University Press
Naviger trygt og sikkert gjennom gatene i det østlige Afrika. City Navigator Eastern Africa NT viser veikart og punkter av interesse på Garmin-enheten, slik at du kan navigere med nøyaktige og detaljerte kjøreanvisninger til alle adresser og veikryss. Lag ruter til restauranter, bensinstasjoner, overnattingssteder, attraksjoner med mer i Kenya og Uganda. Levert av NAVTEQ, en av de fremste i verden innenfor digitale kartdata av høyeste kvalitet.. Tilgjengelig for nedlasting eller på microSD™-/SD™-kort*. Hvilket format passer best for meg?. Klikk på kategorien Produkter for å finne ut om dette kartet er kompatibelt med din enhet.. *Informasjonen på microSD-kortet kan programmeres på et resirkulert kort. ...
The climax of the Kenya education system is symbolized by university education. This reality was acknowledged by the big number of freshmen that joined the University of Eastern Africa, Baraton. The new students that were excited to be at the university received a great welcome from the Bara community and each one was ready to adopt the words "once a Baratonian, always a Baraton".. The land of milk and eggs, the land where music is made or will we say composed, the land of great diversity, the home of peace and love", such are the great values that the students received from all the speakers.. ...
This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa.
An acute shortage of cement is looming in eastern Africa following the return of peace in Sudan and the easy calm in the Democratic Republic of the Con...
LEAD SEA works across the southern and eastern Africa region. LEAD SEA is formed of legally independent but related national organisations. Currently there are
We investigated the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT, namely mobile phones) in support of citizen agency and its potential in calling for authorities accountability. We focused on Eastern Africa and we used a mixed methodology, which allowed us to explore the current uses of ICT to strengthen accountability and to forecast the growth of mobile phones adaption in that region. Evidence from both analyses suggests that there are two main areas where citizen agency and ICT can reinforce each other in bottom-up and horizontal processes: participation and engagement of citizens, and the diffusion of information. ...
This is the current revision of Eastern Africa as edited by PhilipN (Talk , contribs) at 17:34, 1 January 2012. This URL is a permanent link to this version of this page ...
The Central, North and East African regions produce copper, diamonds and phosphate on a large scale. In 2011, the Central African region accounted for 43% of the global industrial diamond production, North Africa accounted for 21% of the global phosphate rock production, and East Africa produced more than 5% of global copper output. Additionally, deposits of 10 minerals, which primarily include bauxite, coal, gold, iron ore, uranium and other base metals, are under development in the three regions. GlobalData identified 22 potential mining projects which are expected to start during the period 2012-2020, of which 15 projects are under development while the rest are in the exploration and advanced exploration stages. Central Africa is the major investment destination of the three regions, with mining projects valued over $11 billion. Investments are primarily concentrated in bauxite, diamond, gold, iron ore and base metal deposits in Cameroon and Democratic Republic of Congo. Central Africa is expected
Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) has emerged as a devastating disease in eastern Africa since 2011 (Wangai et al. 2012). MLND in eastern Africa was found to result from synergistic interaction between Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). Although each of these viruses individually can cause disease, the synergistic interactions are more pronounced. SCMV was reported in Kenya many years ago (Louie 1980). MCMV was first identified in Peru in 1973 (Castillo and Hebert 1974) and has been subsequently reported in the USA, parts of Latin America, and China (Niblett and Clafin 1978; Uyemoto et al. 1980; Xie et al. 2011). Wangai et al. (2012) first reported the MLND and MCMV in Kenya since the MLND has been reported in Uganda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan and Ethiopia, seriously threatening maize production and the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in eastern Africa (Adams et al. 2013, 2014).. Maize plants are susceptible to MLND at all ...
FAO-Sida report providing evidence and lessons learned from a climate adaptation pilot project in Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia.. With around 80 per cent of the population of the Eastern African region dependent on agriculture which is at risk from climate change impacts, particularly increasing water scarcity and more variable rainfall and seasonal patterns, countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia face a pressing need to implement climate adaptation measures. This report presents the evidence from a FAO-Sida supported pilot project within these three countries, which targeted intervention at strengthening community and individual producers adaptive capacity using different institutional training mechanisms tailored to each country-specific context. The paper is split into two parts. First, a planning framework for adaptation at the local level is presented, before project findings are outlined. Overall, the project demonstrated that a substantial boost in investment is needed, and that ...
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your preface / foreword in Journal of Eastern African Studies format for free.
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your chapter / anthology in Journal of Eastern African Studies format for free.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to explore the region of current-day Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique by sea, Vasco da Gama having visited Mombasa in 1498. Gamas voyage was successful in reaching India and this permitted the Portuguese to trade with the Far East directly by sea, thus challenging older trading networks of mixed land and sea routes, such as the spice trade routes that utilized the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and camel caravans to reach the eastern Mediterranean.. The Republic of Venice had gained control over much of the trade routes between Europe and Asia. After traditional land routes to India had been closed by the Ottoman Turks, Portugal hoped to use the sea route pioneered by Gama to break the once Venetian trading monopoly. Portuguese rule in East Africa focused mainly on a coastal strip centred in Mombasa. The Portuguese presence in East Africa officially began after 1505, when flagships under the command of Don Francisco de Almeida conquered Kilwa, an island located in ...
The hunter-gatherer populations of southern and eastern Africa are known to harbor some of the most ancient human lineages, but their historical relationships are poorly understood. We report data from 22 populations analyzed at over half a million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), using a genome-wide array designed for studies of history. The southern Africans-here called Khoisan-fall into two groups, loosely corresponding to the northwestern and southeastern Kalahari, which we show separated within the last 30,000 years. All individuals derive at least a few percent of their genomes from admixture with non-Khoisan populations that began 1,200 years ago. In addition, the Hadza, an east African hunter-gatherer population that speaks a language with click consonants, derive about a quarter of their ancestry from admixture with a population related to the Khoisan, implying an ancient genetic link between southern and eastern Africa ...
our economy and the need for a reconstructed EMISOM. In this regard we should engage with a small group of experts who should give us a more informed perspective and data regarding the issues at hand. We need to make public the UN Report on the charcoal and sugar smuggling and its implication on our military relationships (if any) with Al Shabaab. A policy of withdrawal cannot be advanced without this well researched narrative, openly interrogated so as to avoid any future misadventure.. Second, our close relationship with our partners in the East African Community needs to be re-engineered notwithstanding the recent goofs on the railway and pipeline collapsed "deals". Our approach was presumptuous and poorly researched, making wrong assumptions regarding Musevenis regional options after succeeding to get back to power with the acquiescence of the West. Uganda is our biggest trading partner in the region. We also have much deeper cultural and historical ties with Uganda than any other East ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Introduction. Links between the environment and key episodes of hominin evolution in Africa have often been suggested.1,2,3,4,5,6 It is therefore of prime importance to have the most accurate knowledge of the environmental conditions at the time and place that hominins were present. Isotopic investigations of mammal remains from Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites have proved highly informative regarding palaeoecosystems in southern and eastern Africa.7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17To date no such investigation has been attempted in Malawi - an area that has yielded hominin fossils important for closing the gap between localities in southern and eastern Africa.18,19,20 A recent study of the mammalian fauna indicated a palaeoecological reconstruction that was relatively arid, with a strong affinity to the Somalia-Masai ecozone, and more arid than it is today.21 However, the study was made difficult by the taphonomic biases of the localities22 leading to the preferential preservation of large species. To ...
Studies of human mitochondrial (mt) DNA genomes demonstrate that the root of the human phylogenetic tree occurs in Africa. Although 2 mtDNA lineages with an African origin (haplogroups M and N) were the progenitors of all non-African haplogroups, macrohaplogroup L (including haplogroups L0-L6) is limited to sub-Saharan Africa. Several L haplogroup lineages occur most frequently in eastern Africa (e.g., L0a, L0f, L5, and L3g), but some are specific to certain ethnic groups, such as haplogroup lineages L0d and L0k that previously have been found nearly exclusively among southern African "click" speakers. Few studies have included multiple mtDNA genome samples belonging to haplogroups that occur in eastern and southern Africa but are rare or absent elsewhere. This lack of sampling in eastern Africa makes it difficult to infer relationships among mtDNA haplogroups or to examine events that occurred early in human history. We sequenced 62 complete mtDNA genomes of ethnically diverse Tanzanians, ...
1. Nakhooda S, Caravani A, Neil Bird, Schalatek L (2011) Climate finance fundamentals: regional briefing for Sub Saharan Africa. Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Available: http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/7474.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 2. African Development Bank (2011) The cost of adaptation to climate change in Africa. Available: http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Cost%20of%20Adaptation%20in%20Africa.pdf. Accessed 4 December 2012.. 3. WHO (2008) Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: WHO.. 4. ByassP (2009) Climate change and population health in Africa: where are the scientists? Glob Health Action 2 doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2065. 5. HaySI, RogersDJ, RandolphSE, SternDI, CoxJ, et al. (2002) Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlands. Trends Parasitol 18: 530-534.. 6. OmumboJA, WaweruSM, OmumboJA, ...
The ILO is supporting the implementation of the labour migration component of the AU Migration Policy Framework for Africa. The ILO, IOM and UNECA led by the AUC have developed a regional programme on Labour Migration Governance Development and Integration in Africa, in cooperation with Africas Regional Economic Communities (RECs). This programme is entitled:- Joint Labour Migration Programme (JLMP). The 24th Session of the African Union Assembly January 2015) adopted the AUC/ILO/IOM/ECA Joint Labour Migration Programme. This joint programme also supports the implementation of the AU 2015 Declaration and Plan of Action on Employment Creation, Poverty Eradication and Inclusive Development ...
The disease has substantial impacts on livestock productivity and trade. At the farm level, it results in extensive productivity and food security losses. At industry level, market closures, reduced demand for livestock products and embargoes on livestock exports are highly damaging.. Recovery from an epidemic can be slow as the extensive abortions and perinatal mortality associated with the disease decimate the replacement stock. Emergency interventions such as surveillance and vaccination campaigns also result in heavy financial losses for countries that are already among the worlds poorest.. Vaccination, education and surveillance. Several risk management tools have been developed since the last Rift Valley fever epidemic. These include Contingency Plans, Standard Operating Procedures and Decision Support Framework (DSF) . More can be done though and all efforts now need to be geared towards managing an impending epidemic.. Surveillance, starting with known disease hotspots, but extending to ...
Die Palme des Reisenden Photo & image by Aah..z ᐅ View and rate this photo free at fotocommunity.de. Discover more images here.
Curious what your classmates look like now? Did they get married or have children? Are they looking for you? Over 1 million members have already joined ...
The ROAPE journal is available for personal or institutional subscribers from Taylor and Francis.. If you are based in Africa and have a pressing use for the journal and no means of subscribing, please get in touch with us at [email protected] ...
WHO digital library covers publications on issues including country data and statistics, health topics, and publications of 158 member countries including Kenya. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority of health within the United Nations system and is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defence against transnational threats.. WHO Health Library for Disasters ...
The orthography of many African languages includes diacritically marked characters. Falling outside the scope of the standard Latin encoding, these characters are often represented in digital language resources as their unmarked equivalents. This renders corpus compilation more difficult, as these languages typically do not have the benefit of large electronic dictionaries to perform diacritic restoration. This is a demonstration system for a diacritic restoration method that is able to automatically restore diacritics on the basis of local graphemic context. It is based on the machine learning method of Memory-Based learning. We have applied the method to the African languages of Cilubà, Gĩkũyũ, Kĩkamba, Maa, Sesotho sa Leboa, Tshivenḓa and Yoruba. You can find more information on this system in this paper ...
In 2012 Practical Action launched an ambitious, funded by Comic Relief, which will improve the quality of life for slum communities of 190,000 people in Nakuru, Kenya.
This course is meant for students of agricultural statistics other than Statistics. The students would be exposed to non-parametric tests and basic sampling techniques. It would help them in applying non-parametric tests and understanding the concepts involved in planning and designing surveys, presentation of survey data analysis of survey data and presentation of results. This course would be especially important to the students of social sciences. Exercises on various Non-parametric tests; Random sampling, Use of random number tables, Simple random sampling, Determination of sample size, Exercises on Inverse sampling, Stratified sampling, Cluster sampling and Systematic sampling, Estimation using Ratio and regression estimators, Estimation using Multistage design and Double sampling.. ...
This course is meant to expose the students to the techniques of drawing representative samples from various populations and then preparing them on the mathematical formulations of estimating the population parameters based on the sample data. The students would also be exposed to the real life applications of sampling techniques and estimation of parameters.. Determination of sample size and selection of sample, Simple random sampling, Stratified random sampling, Cluster sampling, Systematic sampling, Ratio and regression methods of estimation, Double sampling, Multi-stage sampling.. ...
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The LEAD Fellows Training Programme is a set of highly experiential and participatory joined-up training courses to develop the knowledge, skills and personal
Disclaimer: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and its collaborative partners take no position on the diverse views presented in linked material by the various commentators, organizations & companies. As with any database, we cannot guarantee the factual accuracy of all the articles & reports we make available.. ...
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File Information. The file size of this download and space required on device or microSD™/SD™ card is 950 MB. If this download does not fit on your device, data may be saved on a microSD/SD card (Recycled microSD cards may be used to program map data).. Please note, these full-version maps do not contain premium content such as junction view or 3-D buildings and terrain. These features only are available on the preloaded maps within your device or through a specific update for the mapping region of your device.. ...
Looking for East African Community Customs Union? Find out information about East African Community Customs Union. organization of E African nations established to promote regional economic and political cooperation. Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania. Explanation of East African Community Customs Union
Included in that gap is the decision by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to postpone the majority of its malaria-based funding for new grants through 2013. As recently as 2009, the Global Fund was providing roughly half of the $2 billion in development assistance for malaria.. "We cannot afford to let history repeat itself," said Sir Richard Feachem, KBE, FREng, DSc (Med), PhD, the founding executive director of the Global Fund who now directs the UCSF Global Health Group. "It is imperative that we not lose the gains that these countries have achieved in malaria control.". Past failures to maintain such gains underscore the fragility of success in the field. Both Sri Lanka and India, for example, saw significant reductions of the illness in the 1960s, but both had dramatic resurgences when funding was withdrawn, the paper found. In India, for example, the U.S. Agency for International Development funded an eradication program that led to a massive drop in annual malaria ...
The archipelago-like coastal forest of East Africa is one of the highest priority ecosystems for biodiversity conservation worldwide. Here we investigate patterns of species richness and biogeographic distribution among birds, mammals and reptiles of these forests, using distribution data obtained from recently published reviews and information collated by the WWF Eastern Africa Coastal Forest Ecoregion Programme. Birds and mammals species were divided into forest specialists and generalists, and forest specialist reptiles into coastal and forest endemics. The species richness of birds and generalist mammals increased with area, and is probably a result of area-dependent extinction. Only in birds, however, species richness increased with decreasing isolation, suggesting possible isolation-dependent colonization. Forest diversity, associated to altitudinal range, is important for specialist birds and mammals, whose species richness increased with wider altitudinal range. The number of relict ...
The purpose of this short paper is to assess the challenge of regional unity like the East African Community (EAC) from the standpoint of pan-Africanism. We use the term regional unity, or regionalism, to refer to include both economic integration and political association. As we celebrate the 10th anniversary of the second-generation East African Community, it is opportune to stand back from the dominant debates on forms of integration - common market, monetary union, fast-tracking or snail-walking of the East African Federation etc. - and ask certain core questions: What exactly is the vision, the lodestar, so to speak, of the regional project? What is its historical genesis? What are the driving forces of the project, in whose interest and for what purpose? How does the project relate to the larger global forces, and in particular, to the changing world hegemonies? It is only by asking these bigger questions that we can critically assess where we are going and chart the possible way ...
Our PEDRO project (The political economy of dynamics of regional organisations in Africa) looks into the political economy dynamics of 17 regional organisations in Africa.. The study, carried out with support from the German ministry for economic cooperation and development (BMZ), will try to understand the actors and factors that shape how regional organisations play their role in promoting regional integration and cooperation.. For more information and to see our other 29 studies, have a look at our PEDRO dossier ...
Nematology , 2005, Vol. 7(5), 655-666 Response of East African highland bananas and hybrids to Radopholus similis Carine D OCHEZ 1 , ∗ , Jim W HYTE 2 , Abdou T ENKOUANO 3 , Rodomiro O RTI Z 4 and Dirk D E W AELE 5 1 IITA-Uganda, P.O. Box 7878, Kampala, Uganda 2 IITA-Malawi, Chitedze Research. ...
Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa continue to experience rapid changes leading to huge environmental impacts, contributing significantly to climate change and biodiversity loss. In East Africa, the key drivers of deforestation and degradation include demand for land for agricultural expansion (both small scale and large scale commercial ventures), livestock production, extraction of wood for energy (charcoal and firewood fuel) and logging for timber. It is estimated that farmlands in East Africa have increased by about 50% in recent decades.. In arid and semiarid areas of Eastern Africa, invasive species colonization, establishment, and spread is another concern because invasive species out-compete indigenous vegetation which can also negatively impact indigenous fauna and adversely affect livelihoods. In response to these issues, a number of international initiatives have been set up to combat anthropogenic forest loss.. One such initiative, the REDD+ programme, features results-based ...
According to scientific journal PLoS ONE, new research discovered that incidents of malaria cases in the East African highlands have dropped dramatically.
By Jay Koupal. Frank Tracz, director of bands and professor of music, has been invited to conduct the International Schools of Southern and Eastern Africa Honor Band Feb. 22-26 in Johannesburg, South Africa.. The ensemble is comprised of students from Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Tracz will rehearse the band for three days culminating in a concert on Saturday, Feb. 25. The concert finale will be a joint performance by the band and choir.. This band festival started in 2012 in Zimbabwe and has proved to be an important educational and motivating opportunity for high school age students of these African countries. Most of these students do not have the opportunity to play in a larger ensemble like this and this festival is quickly growing into a great experience for all.. ...
HIV drug resistance is increasing rapidly in southern and eastern Africa and Latin America and, as a result, it may soon be necessary to change the recommended first-line antiretroviral drug regimen in many countries to integrase inhibitor-based treatment, according to an analysis published in Lancet ...
However, the spread of parasite resistance to SP, particularly in eastern Africa, and the significant overlap in some regions of malaria transmission and high prevalence of HIV infection, have raised concerns about the medium and long-term use of SP for IPTp.. HIV infection increases susceptibility to malaria and may reduce the efficacy of interventions. The evaluation of alternative antimalarials for IPTp is thus urgently needed also involving HIV infected women.. Of all the current available alternative antimalarial drugs, mefloquine (MQ) is the one that offers the most comparative advantages to SP.. A randomized multicenter trial will be conducted in 4 sites in Africa (Benin, Gabon, Tanzania and Mozambique) in order to compare the safety and efficacy of SP versus MQ as IPTp in the context of ITNs. In addition, MQ tolerability will be also evaluated by comparing the administration of MQ as a single intake with its administration as split dose in two days. In total 4716 pregnant women will be ...
However, the spread of parasite resistance to SP, particularly in eastern Africa, and the significant overlap in some regions of malaria transmission and high prevalence of HIV infection, have raised concerns about the medium and long-term use of SP for IPTp.. HIV infection increases susceptibility to malaria and may reduce the efficacy of interventions. The evaluation of alternative antimalarials for IPTp is thus urgently needed also involving HIV infected women.. Of all the current available alternative antimalarial drugs, mefloquine (MQ) is the one that offers the most comparative advantages to SP.. A randomized multicenter trial will be conducted in 4 sites in Africa (Benin, Gabon, Tanzania and Mozambique) in order to compare the safety and efficacy of SP versus MQ as IPTp in the context of ITNs. In addition, MQ tolerability will be also evaluated by comparing the administration of MQ as a single intake with its administration as split dose in two days. In total 4716 pregnant women will be ...
Threats to food security by disease out brakes are not new to East Africa; neither is it about to end if reports by farmers are anything to go by. A sustainable solution to this challenge however lies in crop diversity. Yet in East Africa, farmers are yet to move away from over-dependence on maize as their staple food with devastating consequences due to a scourge of a fatal disease dubbed Maize Lethal Necrosis in East Africa. | MAIZE
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An epidemic illness characterized by head nodding associated with onchocerciasis has been described in eastern Africa since the early 1960s; we summarize published reports and recent studies. Onset of nodding occurs in previously healthy 5-15-year-old children and is often triggered by eating or cold temperatures and accompanied by cognitive impairment. Its incidence has increased in Uganda and South Sudan over the past 10 years. Four case-control studies identified modest and inconsistent associations. There were nonspecific lesions seen by magnetic resonance imaging, no cerebrospinal fluid inflammation, and markedly abnormal electroencephalography results. Nodding episodes are atonic seizures. Testing has failed to demonstrate associations with trypanosomiasis, cysticercosis, loiasis, lymphatic filariasis, cerebral malaria, measles, prion disease, or novel pathogens; or deficiencies of folate, cobalamin, pyridoxine, retinol, or zinc; or toxicity from mercury, copper, or homocysteine. There is a
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is a particularly frequent cancer in both males and females in southern and eastern Africa, including Western Kenya (7, 11). Formal epidemiologic studies have not yet been conducted to determine the dominant risk factors for OSCC in Western Kenya, but classical risk factors such as heavy alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking do not appear to explain the high rates of OSCC in this area.. ACH has been shown to be a mutagenic carcinogen in both animal and in vitro models at concentrations as low as 100 μmol/L (32-34). The mutagenic effects of ACH are mediated via binding to DNA, adduct formation, cross-linking and chromosomal aberrations (32). During and after alcohol drinking the majority of ACH is formed in the oral cavity by oral microbes (35). Certain yeast and bacterial species representing normal oral flora, such as Candida, Streptococcus, and Neisseria spp., are capable of producing significant amounts of ACH from ethanol in vitro (24, 36, 37).. The current ...
Science Daily reported in February 2006 that Dr. Cunnane, a metabolic physiologist at the University of Sherbrooke in Quebec, stated that something had to start the process of brain expansion and he thinks it was early humans eating clams, frogs, bird eggs and fish from shoreline environments. “This is what created the necessary physiological conditions for explosive brain growth," says Dr. Cunnane. Her study of fossil material excavated from numerous Homo habilis sites in eastern Africa revealed a bevy of chewed fish bones, particularly catfish. (Science Daily 22/2/2006).. The dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids has dramatically declined in Western countries over the last century. The North American diet currently has omega-6 fats outnumbering omega-3 by a ratio of up to 20:1. There are a number of reasons for this skewed ratio, most notably the mass introduction of omega-6 rich oils into the food supply, either directly or through animal rearing practices. The ideal dietary ratio of ...
The African crested rat is a thief, but its loot only becomes obvious if you take a bite out of it. Doing so would give you a mouthful of ouabain, a poison so strong that it can kill an elephant. The rat doesnt make the poison itself. Instead, it pilfers it from the local Acokanthera schimperi tree. It gnaws on the roots and bark, chews them up, and slavers a coarse toxic gel onto the special hairs on its flanks. Local people use the same poison to coat their arrowheads. The rat uses it as a chemical shield.. The crested rat is found throughout eastern Africa. It is normally sluggish but when threatened, it puts on a vivid display. It pulls its head back, turns sideways onto its attacker and parts the grey fur on its flanks using special muscles. These actions draw attention to a leaf-shaped crest of brown hairs on its side, which are encircled by a "target" of black and white. Its almost as if the rat is daring a predator to bite it.. Any animal that takes up the invitation is in for trouble. ...
There are dedicated users looking for Forskolin supplements. An extract is a form of the perennial herb and it makes a place in the genre of the mints. The nature of the plant is completely indigenous and it belongs to both the tropical and the subtropical regions of the world. Forskolin is best obtained from parts of Eastern Africa and India. This is the common garden variety and you can grow the same within the residential premise. The plant is known for the beauty and the colorful leafy pattern. It is important that you have Forskolin in the apt amount to feel the goodness of the extract.. Shaping Physique with the Application of Forskolin In case, you are not happy with the physical look you have, you can always make the best use of the Forskolin extract to revive the presence with precision. The same is defined as labdanediterpene. This compound is responsible for several chemical reactions and this is made to happen at the molecular level of the body. Forskolin is known to provide with the ...
East Africa is comprised of,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, and. This region encompasses tropical rain forests in the west and center, desert areas in the north, and wooded steppes in the east.Malaria is a major risk for most travelers to East Africa. Endemic areas e
East Africa Healthcare Industry News Monitoring Service from EIN News; Media Monitoring & Online News Monitoring of East Africa Healthcare Industry
The regional small-scale traders have lamented the countrys directive that foreigners, including East Africans, must use passports to gain entry.
East African states are considering sending troops into South Sudan to help enforce a ceasefire deal between government forces and rebels.
Aloriv information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by East African India Overseas, Aloriv indications, usages and related health products lists
Aziriv information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by East African India Overseas, Aziriv indications, usages and related health products lists
List of Drugs, Medicines and other Pharmacy and Healthcare products manufactured by East African India Overseas- a Pharma and Health care product manufacturer ...
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GLOBAL, AFRICA - When USAID/East Africa announced the first Annual Program Statement (APS) under the African Institutions Innovation Mechanism (AIIM) initiative in 2012, many organizations were excited about the prospect of partnering directly with USAID.
GLOBAL, AFRICA - When USAID/East Africa announced the first Annual Program Statement (APS) under the African Institutions Innovation Mechanism (AIIM) initiative in 2012, many organizations were excited about the prospect of partnering directly with USAID.
A senior US trade official has urged three East African Community countries to revisit their collective ban on used-clothing imports.
The Customs Union Protocol  Main aim: assuring an even development for all member countries  Crucial areas under the Protocol: Trade Facilitation; Anti-dumping measures; Competition Policy and law; Re-export of goods; Non-Tariff Barriers; and Standards and measures  Hence removal of the NTBs so as to improve intra- EAC trade
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Eggs are best known delicacy especially in omelette,pancakes,cakes and among others.East african dishes often comprise scrambled eggs eaten along with vegetables and Ugali.In our diet, they provide sufficient proteins and minerals to our body which provide energy for our daily activities and prevent malnutrition.The high biological value proteins in eggs(ovalbumin) promotes quick healing in patients.Thus,they…
Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSa.L) has made an agreed 992.4 million pounds ($1.6 billion) bid for Mozambique-focused Cove Energy (COVE.L), offering a full price to open up a new gas frontier for the Anglo-Dutch oil major in East Africa.
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
The hundreds of endemic species of cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria are a prime model system in evolutionary biology. With five genomes currently being sequenced, eastern African cichlids also represent a forthcoming genomic model for evolutionary studies of genotype-to-phenotype processes in adaptive radiations. Here we report the functional annotation and comparative analyses of transcriptome data sets for two eastern African cichlid species, Astatotilapia burtoni and Ophthalmotilapia ventralis, representatives of the modern haplochromines and ectodines, respectively. Nearly 647,000 expressed sequence tags were assembled in more than 46,000 contigs for each species using the 454 sequencing technology, largely expanding the current sequence data set publicly available for these cichlids. Total predicted coverage of their proteome diversity is approximately 50% for both species. Comparative qualitative and quantitative analyses show very similar ...
To analyze the distribution of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-seropositive dromedary camels in eastern Africa, we tested 189 archived serum samples accumulated during the past 30 years. We identified MERS-CoV neutralizing antibodies in 81.0% of samples from the main camel-exporting countries, Sudan and Somalia, suggesting long-term virus circulation in these animals ...
Out of the total human population in Africa, 15% live in highlands i.e. defined as areas 1,500 m above sea level where the mean annual temperature used to be in the range of 16-19°C. Historically, these areas have been considered free malaria incidence because malaria transmission cannot take place below 18°C. However, several major malaria epidemics have been reported during 1990s and 2000s. For example, in western Kenya highland alone, malaria outbreaks have been reported at more than 20 highland sites. The WHO estimated in 2003 that malaria epidemics kill 110,000 people each year and 110 million people are at risk in Africa highlands. The highlands of east Africa has the worlds highest population growth rate and considered one of the most populated regions in Africa i.e. the population densities ranged between 158 persons/km2 in Ethiopia and 410 persons/km2 in Rwanda. This demographic pressure of poor populations have included in an extensive unprecedented land use and land cover changes
East African lakes: East African lakes, group of lakes located in East Africa. The majority of the East African lakes lie within the East African Rift System, which forms a part of a series of massive fissures in the Earths crust extending northward from the Zambezi River valley through eastern and northeastern
Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African admixture in the Horn of Africa (HOA). In the most recent genomic studies, this non-African ancestry has been attributed to admixture with Middle Eastern populations during the last few thousand years. However, mitochondrial and Y chromosome data are suggestive of earlier episodes of admixture. To investigate this further, we generated new genome-wide SNP data for a Yemeni population sample and merged these new data with published genome-wide genetic data from the HOA and a broad selection of surrounding populations. We used multidimensional scaling and ADMIXTURE methods in an exploratory data analysis to develop hypotheses on admixture and population structure in HOA populations. These analyses suggested that there might be distinct, differentiated African and non-African ancestries in the HOA. After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African origin chromosome segments, we found support for a distinct African (Ethiopic) ...
The Rhino Resource Center is committed to assisting research and conservation of the rhinoceros worldwide by collecting all publications and maintaining archives.
Fighting broke out when rebels allied with ousted vice president Riek Machar attacked several government sites. President Salva Kiir removed Machar and dismissed all cabinet ministers from office in July.. Hostilities expanded throughout the country for five weeks, leaving as many as 10,000 people dead, and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center reported 468,000 people were displaced as of Jan. 16.. In their statement, the AMECEA bishops from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia expressed solidarity with their brother bishops in South Sudan, saying that "we feel with them and join them in their sorrow.". The bishops called for ongoing talks to settle differences across political and ethnic lines.. "As church leaders, we believe that true peace can only be made possible through dialogue, forgiveness and reconciliation. At the same time, we are aware that these three do not eliminate the need for justice and as well they do not block the path to ...
During the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, some 800,000 people - predominantly Tutsis - were killed in the course of 100 days, following the killing of Rwandas president, Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down over Kigali airport on 6th April 1994. Read more…. ...
Zimbabwe has embarked on a trajectory of economic decline and political regression, with massive human rights abuses and international condemnation. Now, however, the non-violent approach of Zimbabweans ...
The most significant and widely studied remodeling of the African genetic landscape is the Bantu expansion, which led to an almost total replacement of the previous populations from the sub-Saharan region. However, a poor knowledge exists about other population movements, namely, the Nilotic migration, which is a pastoralist dispersal that, contrary to the Bantu expansion, impacted only East African populations. Here, samples from a Ugandan Nilotic-speaking population were studied for 37 Y chromosome-specific SNPs, and the obtained data were compared with those already available for other sub-Saharan population groups. Although Uganda lies on the fringe of both Bantu and Nilotic expansions, a low admixture with Bantu populations was detected, with haplogroups carrying M13, M182 and M75 mutations prevailing in Nilotes together with a low frequency of the main Bantu haplogroups from clade E1b1a-M2. The results of a comparative analysis with data from other population groups allowed a deeper
Author: D. J. Rezac, D. U. Thomson , M.G. Siemens, F.L. Prouty, C.D. Reinhardt, S. J. Bartle. Journal: J. Dairy Sci. 97 :4227-4235. Abstract: The prevalence and severity of multiple gross pathologic lesions and abnormalities in cull dairy and beef cows was evaluated at a commercial abattoir in the Great Lakes region of the United States; 1,461 cattle were examined at slaughter over the course of 3 production days and evaluated for the occurrence and severity of lung, liver, rumen, and carcass abnormalities and pathologies. Of the 1,461 cattle examined at slaughter, 87% were classified as Holstein cows and 13% were classified as other cows. Liver abscesses were observed in 32% of the population and over half were classified as severe (18.5% population prevalence). The frequency distribution of cattle observed with a liver abscess was not different among production days. Severe ruminal lesions and rumenitis scars were observed in 10.0% of the population, and 25.1% of cattle were observed to have ...
Washington, DC…At the National Archives annual State of the Archives Address and Awards Ceremony yesterday, Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein recognized Great Lakes Region (Dayton) employee Galen Wilson for Outstanding Achievement in Inter-Agency Records Management relating to the Wildlands Fire Project, 2001-2005.
The proportion of assembled haplochromine cichlid sequences with and without BLAST matches compared to three databases (Takifugu rubripes, Danio rerio, and Onco
The Programme is among the few that support a designed multidisciplinary bioscience innovation funding mechanism anchored on the establishment of innovation platforms that assemble critical players along the bio-innovation value chain, to apply and promote bioscience innovations. BioInnovate supports projects in the six eastern African countries of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. BioInnovate is the only initiative in the region that applies an integrated approach linking value addition and agroprocessing with primary agricultural production and environmental stewardship, as well as innovation policy and sustainability analysis. BioInnovate links public research organisations and universities with smallholder farmers and the private sector. This linkage improves the chances of eastern African smallholder farmers, agribusinesses and agro-processors benefitting from the rapidly developing field of bioscience. In this manner, BioInnovate contributes towards the development of ...
Use Crayola® crayons, colored pencils, or markers to color the flag of Tanzania. Color the shape numbered 1 green, the shapes numbered 2 yellow, the shape numbered 3 black and the shape numbered 4 blue. |b>Did you know?|/b>|br>Tanzania is located in eastern Africa. It used to be two separate countries named Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Some of their crops include coffee beans, tea leaves, nuts, corn, and wheat. The country is home to Mt. Kilimanjaro, which is highest point in Africa.
African jewels. Type species: Agrion dispar Palisot de Beauvois, 1807. Introduction. Endemic to tropical Africa with about 30 medium-sized (hindwing 18-28 mm) species largely confined to forested running waters in central and western Africa. Only C. curta has a distinct preference for more open landscapes, appearing in disturbed and drier habitats, even having an isolated Saharan population in the Jebel Marra of western Sudan. Within forest environments not all species preferences are known, although for example in Eastern Africa C. aphrodite prefers sandy streams, C. frigida and C. trifaria smaller streams, and C. victoriae and especially C. pyriformosa larger rivers (even the Congo). In West Africa, C. curta is also on open streams and C. pyriformosa on rivers, while there C. selysi is found on the smallest streams and C. luminosa and C. radix on the largest, with C. dispar intermediate and C. rubida favouring muddy streams. The taxonomy of the red species is problematic, for example C. ...
Define Tanzania: republic in eastern Africa just south of the Equator that was formed in 1964 by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; legislative…
150,000 - 10,000 years ago As early as 150,000 years ago in eastern Africa we find fossil skulls of essentially modern type. Africa has now been identified both genetically and anatomically as the evolutionary centre for the appearance of people who looked, and eventually acted, like us. The most economical explanation of the evidence is that successive population movements out of Africa replaced the regional populations, such as the Neanderthals, in all parts of the inhabited Old World. One of the novelties associated with these modern people is their global colonization. It is in the last third of this period that people first colonized Australia, the Pacific islands, the northern parts of Asia, the American continents, and the Arctic. This great prehistoric colonization achieved primarily by people with a hunting and gathering lifestyle drew the demographic and geographical map for the later development of ethnic and regional populations of Homo sapiens.. ...
150,000 - 10,000 years ago As early as 150,000 years ago in eastern Africa we find fossil skulls of essentially modern type. Africa has now been identified both genetically and anatomically as the evolutionary centre for the appearance of people who looked, and eventually acted, like us. The most economical explanation of the evidence is that successive population movements out of Africa replaced the regional populations, such as the Neanderthals, in all parts of the inhabited Old World. One of the novelties associated with these modern people is their global colonization. It is in the last third of this period that people first colonized Australia, the Pacific islands, the northern parts of Asia, the American continents, and the Arctic. This great prehistoric colonization achieved primarily by people with a hunting and gathering lifestyle drew the demographic and geographical map for the later development of ethnic and regional populations of Homo sapiens.. ...
The population growth rate is reaching an astounding level in Tanzania and Eastern Africa. It is applying increasing pressure on things like social services, land availability, job opportunities, conservation and localized resources. This study looks at the perceptions of both men and women surrounding social and environmental factors contributing to the high population growth rate. It looks more specifically at factors including childbearing, birth control methods and their effectiveness, and how the birth rate correlates with changing quality of life. This study was conducted in Kizanda Village in the West Usambara Mountains of Northern Tanzania, a region following the trend of a high population growth rate as well as a recent introduction to Western birth control. This study took place from April 5th to April 23rd, 2014. Semi-structured interviews (n = 102) resulted in evidence of high use of local methods of birth control but also an increase in the use of Western birth control over the course of
The Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC) was the administrator of British East Africa, which was the forerunner of the East Africa Protectorate, later Kenya. The IBEAC was a commercial association founded to develop African trade in the areas controlled by the British colonial power. Created after the Berlin Treaty of 1885, it was led by William Mackinnon and built upon his companys trading activities in the region, with the encouragement of the British government through the granting of an imperial charter - although it remained unclear what this actually meant. It granted immunity of prosecution to British subjects whilst allowing them the right to raise taxes, impose custom duties, administer justice, make treaties and otherwise act as the government of the area. Mombasa and its harbour were central to its operations, with an administrative office about 50 miles (80 km) south in Shimoni. The company was incorporated in London on 18 April 1888, and granted a royal charter by Queen ...
Haplogroup E3b1-M78 is the second most prevailing one (23%) in the studied sample with E3b1-M78 chromosomes accounting for almost all E representatives (98%) except a single E3b2-M81 and two E3b3-M123 chromosomes (fig. 2). E3b1-M78 is the most common haplogroup E lineage in Europe (Cruciani et al. 2004; Semino et al. 2004). The spatial pattern shown in figure 4(C) depicts a nonuniform E3b1 geographic distribution with a frequency peak centered in south Europe and SEE (13%-16% in southern Italians and 17%-27% in the Balkans). Declining frequencies are evident toward western (10% in northern and central Italians), central, and eastern Europe (from 4% to 10% in Polish, Russians, mainland Croatians, Ukrainians, Hungarians, Herzegovinians, and Bosnians). Noteworthy is a low E3b1 frequency (5%) in Turkey. Apart from its presence in Europe and the Middle East, E3b1 is also found in eastern and northern Africa. Cruciani et al. (2004) estimated that E3b-M78 might have originated in eastern Africa about ...
Introduction Definition of the Prevention Area Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is the complete removal of the foreskin of the penis by surgical means. Though VMMC may be conducted for a number of reasons, evidence from three clinical trials has shown that medical male circumcision can significantly reduce (but not eliminate) mens risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual vaginal sex. The U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports provision of VMMC by qualified, well-equipped professionals, and with the clients informed consent. To ensure that VMMC is provided as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that a minimum package of services should be available in all facilities providing male circumcision. This package includes HIV testing and counseling, screening and syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) where required; provision and promotion of male and female condoms; and counseling on
To elucidate whether Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) diversity in Sudan resulted from multiple introductions or from acquired changes over time from 1 introduction event, we generated complete genome sequences from RVFV strains detected during the 2007 and 2010 outbreaks. Phylogenetic analyses of small, medium, and large RNA segment sequences indicated several genetic RVFV variants were circulating in Sudan, which all grouped into Kenya-1 or Kenya-2 sublineages from the 2006-2008 eastern Africa epizootic. Bayesian analysis of sequence differences estimated that diversity among the 2007 and 2010 Sudan RVFV variants shared a most recent common ancestor circa 1996. The data suggest multiple introductions of RVFV into Sudan as part of sweeping epizootics from eastern Africa. The sequences indicate recent movement of RVFV and support the need for surveillance to recognize when and where RVFV circulates between epidemics, which can make data from prediction tools easier to interpret and preventive measures
Looking for online definition of East African trypanosomiasis in the Medical Dictionary? East African trypanosomiasis explanation free. What is East African trypanosomiasis? Meaning of East African trypanosomiasis medical term. What does East African trypanosomiasis mean?
Beyond Pesticides, August 26, 2010) Researchers from Indiana University have detected organochlorine pesticides and flame retardants in blood samples taken from bald eagle nestlings in the Great Lakes region. After DDT was banned, many scientists expected the bald eagle population to recover more quickly, so this study provides some evidence to explain their lackluster rebound. The researchers found not only organochlorines and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), but several flame retardants commonly used in foam padding, such as pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) and Dechlorane Plus (DP).. The paper, published in the August issue of the scientific journal Chemosphere was authored by Marta Venier of Indiana University. Ms. Venier and her colleagues collected blood samples by climbing trees to access the nests, carrying the nestlings carefully to the ground, and drawing a small blood sample before returning them to their nests. The statistically significant relationship ...
Purpose : Success in treating amblyopia is critically dependent on treatment adherence. There are limited studies performed in the East African region to assess barriers to adherence with amblyopia treatment and outcomes of treatment. Our study aims to identify factors associated with higher compliance in amblyopia treatment. Methods : A hospital-based retrospective and prospective observational study was performed at the pediatric ophthalmology clinic of Menilik II Referral Hospital in Addis Ababa from March to June 2015. Included were Ethiopian children, between ages 4 and 8, with a clinical diagnosis of amblyopia defined as an interocular acuity difference of at least 0.2 logMAR. Patients with deprivation amblyopia, neurologic or traumatic eye disease or previous intraocular surgery were excluded. We collected demographic and clinical data from charts. Parents were asked to estimate the number of hours they were able to administer patching in the past week and fill out a brief questionnaire ...
The role of the ancestral sylvatic cycle of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is not well understood in the endemic areas of eastern Africa. We therefore analysed the ASF infection status on samples collected from 51 free-ranging warthogs (Phacocherus africanus) and 1576 Ornithodorus porcinus ticks from 26 independent warthog burrows at a single ranch in Kenya. Abattoir samples from 83 domestic pigs without clinical symptoms, originating from specific locations with no recent reported ASF outbreaks were included in this study. All samples were derived from areas of central Kenya, where ASF outbreaks have been reported in the past. Infection with ASFV was confirmed in 22% of O. porcinus pools, 3.22% of adult warthog serum samples and 49% of domestic pig serum samples by using p72-based PCR. All of the warthog sera were positive for anti-ASFV antibodies, investigated by using ELISA, but none of the domestic pig sera were positive. Twenty O. porcinus-, 12 domestic pig- and three warthogderived ...
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as sleeping sickness, is a neglected disease that impacts 70 million people distributed over 1.55 million km2 in sub-Saharan Africa. Trypanosoma brucei gambiense accounts for almost 90% of the infections in central and western Africa, the remaining infections being from T. b. rhodesiense in eastern Africa. Furthermore, the animal diseases caused by related parasites inflict major economic losses to countries already strained. The parasites are transmitted to the mammalian hosts through the bite of an infected tsetse fly ...
Following vaccination programs, reported measles cases decreased to a historic low of 32,278 in 2008 in Africa, government health officials said. However, measles outbreaks continue to occur in the World Health Organization African region, suggesting continued efforts are needed to fully implement the recommended strategies in order to sustain recent gains, the Centers of Disease Control and Preventions Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Report said Thursday. In 2001, the countries of the WHO African Region became part of a global initiative with a goal of reducing measles deaths by 50 percent -- which was achieved by 2005 -- and a new goal of 90 percent mortality reduction by 2010 was adopted, the report said. During 2001-2008, routine measles vaccination coverage increased from 57 percent to 73 percent, approximately 400 million children received measles vaccination during campaigns, and reported measles cases decreased to a historic low of 32,278 in 2008, the report said. By 2006, estimated ...

Download Achondroplasia - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, And Annotated Research Guide To Internet ReferencesDownload Achondroplasia - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, And Annotated Research Guide To Internet References

West African hearts were merger from tutorials in the Sudan and was it to sciences in the Sahel, where bottom-up and new items ... sociologically, the Eastern Senate shipped in Constantinople, until the multivariate download achondroplasia - a medical ... There was technological stirring territories that losses in Asia and Africa was to navigate, but there yielded a undergraduate ... In globalization to royal peoples, West Africa had agricultural challenges of item. Both Punic and undergraduate p& and ...
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Eastern Africa Standby Force - WikipediaEastern Africa Standby Force - Wikipedia

The Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF), formerly Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG), is one of the five regional forces ... "African Standby Force: East Africa Moves On." African Security Studies 13, no. 2 (2004): 113-121. Robinson, Colin. "The Eastern ... The Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security The Council, which congresses at least twice a year, manages ... The Eastern Africa Committee of Chiefs of Defense Staff (EACDS) The EACDS serves as an advisory Military Committee of the ...
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Eastern Africa - ConservapediaEastern Africa - Conservapedia

Eastern Africa. From Conservapedia. This is the current revision of Eastern Africa as edited by PhilipN (Talk , contribs) at 17 ... Eastern Africa is the region of Africa consisting of Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, ... Retrieved from "http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Eastern_Africa&oldid=950443" ...
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Catholic University of Eastern Africa - WikipediaCatholic University of Eastern Africa - Wikipedia

CUEA, . "The Faculties of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA). Retrieved 3 ... "The Campuses of Catholic University of Eastern Africa". Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA). Retrieved 3 February 2015 ... Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA) is a multi-campus university in Kenya. The main campus of the university is ... The Institute rebranded as the Catholic University of Eastern Africa, in 1992. In 2002, the Faculties of Science and Commerce ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_University_of_Eastern_Africa

City Navigator® Eastern Africa NTCity Navigator® Eastern Africa NT

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City Navigator® Eastern Africa NT | GarminCity Navigator® Eastern Africa NT | Garmin

... in Eastern Africa.. *Displays more than 54,600 points of interest throughout the continent, including restaurants, lodging, ...
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Eastern Africa - The Full WikiEastern Africa - The Full Wiki

Eastern Africa (UN subregion) East African Community Central African Federation (defunct) Geographic East Africa, including the ... East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. In ... Africa. Northern (Maghreb) · Sub-Sahara (Central · Southern · Western · Eastern (Horn)). Oceania. Australasia · Melanesia · ... Mandazi, a form of fried bread that is popular in Eastern Africa, is often mixed with coconut milk and other ingredients, ...
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Africa > South Africa > Eastern Cape -...Africa > South Africa > Eastern Cape -...

Eastern Cape Alumni.NET enables people to connect using messages, photos, discussion boards, wiki pages, maps, and groups. ... Join groups and reconnect with people from Eastern Cape in South Africa. ... World ► Africa ► South AfricaEastern Cape. Alumni.NET groups all have geographic locations. Please select the location of ...
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Eastern AfricaEastern Africa

The South African government can draw valuable lessons from the Zimbabwe predicament by engaging in a more cautious, yet speedy ... The effects of extending presidential terms in Africa - the case of Burundi, Uganda and Rwanda. 24 Nov 2015 ... That sinking feeling in Somalia? The trouble with NGOs in the Horn of Africa. 30 Jan 2015 ... Updates on peace in the Greater Horn and Great Lakes Region of Africa. 27 Apr 2016 ...
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Eastern AfricaEastern Africa

The inter-linked nature of Eastern Africa - which includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Zimbabwe - leaves it prone to ...
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Eastern Africa regional briefings | Business & Human Rights Resource CentreEastern Africa regional briefings | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

Eastern Africa regional briefings. Latest briefing: April 2014. Business & human rights in Eastern Africa: Steep Rise in ...
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Eastern Highlands of South AfricaEastern Highlands of South Africa

Discount South Africa travel, hotels, and vacation planning tips. ... Learn about the Eastern Highlands of South Africa including the ... Eastern Highlands of South Africa. Willem Pretorius Game Reserve. This reserve is the biggest in the Free State and offers ...
more infohttp://www.frugalmonkey.com/sa/eastern-highlands-south-africa/

Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A Pilot | EldisIllegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A Pilot | Eldis

Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A Pilot Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa ... "Illegal Timber Trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A pilot" (hereafter ITT-REDD). The programmes objective is to ... Draining an area of 194,200 km2, Lake Victoria Basin is one of East Africas most prominent landmarks. It not only provides the ... headwaters of the White Nile but is also central to the development and regional integration of the East Africa Community. ...
more infohttp://www.eldis.org/document/A72106

Eastern Africa | AfLaT.orgEastern Africa | AfLaT.org

Speech mining to make African oral patrimony accessible. Submitted by nimaan on Thu, 2007-02-01 10:00 *Eastern Africa ... Eastern Africa. warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/webserver/html/aflat.bak/modules/taxonomy/taxonomy. ... Information Retrieval Strategies for Accessing African Audio Corpora. Submitted by nimaan on Fri, 2007-07-06 15:08 *Eastern ... African Languages in Danger of Disappearing -- Interactive Atlas. Submitted by Gilles-Maurice on Sun, 2007-02-04 14:49 *African ...
more infohttp://www.aflat.org/taxonomy/term/4?page=2

Eastern Africa | AfLaT.orgEastern Africa | AfLaT.org

Eastern Africa. warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/webserver/html/aflat.bak/modules/taxonomy/taxonomy. ... Third Workshop on African Language Technology (AfLaT 2011) - Report. Submitted by Guy on Fri, 2011-12-09 08:43 *Central Africa ... Second Workshop on African Language Technology (AfLaT 2010) - Report. Submitted by Guy on Thu, 2010-08-05 08:33 *Central Africa ... AfLaT.org - African Language Technology Many thanks to RoopleTheme for providing the theme to this site ...
more infohttp://www.aflat.org/taxonomy/term/4

Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts | SpringerLinkChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts | SpringerLink

We mapped C. odorata distribution in eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) and compared perceptions and ... Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts. ... Henderson L (2007) Invasive, naturalised and casual alien plants in southern Africa: a summary based on the South African plant ... In: Neuenschwander P, Borgemeister C, Langewald J (eds) Biological control in IPM systems in Africa. CABI, London, pp 145-160 ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10530-016-1338-4

Strengthening citizen agency and accountability through ICT: an extrapolation for Eastern Africa | EldisStrengthening citizen agency and accountability through ICT: an extrapolation for Eastern Africa | Eldis

... an extrapolation for Eastern Africa Strengthening citizen agency and accountability through ICT: an extrapolation for Eastern ... We focused on Eastern Africa and we used a mixed methodology, which allowed us to explore the current uses of ICT to strengthen ...
more infohttp://www.eldis.org/document/A75875

In Yemen, Worlds Worst Cholera Outbreak Traced to Eastern Africa | Voice of America - EnglishIn Yemen, World's Worst Cholera Outbreak Traced to Eastern Africa | Voice of America - English

... came from eastern Africa and was probably borne into Yemen by migrants.Using genomic sequencing techniques, researchers at ... He added, however, that from the samples available, the team was not able to pinpoint exactly which countries in eastern Africa ... In Yemen, Worlds Worst Cholera Outbreak Traced to Eastern Africa January 2, 2019 01:56 PM ... and eastern and central Africa.. The team, whose findings were published Wednesday in the journal Nature, then compared these ...
more infohttps://www.voanews.com/science-health/yemen-worlds-worst-cholera-outbreak-traced-eastern-africa

Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa | EurekAlert! Science NewsEarly Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa | EurekAlert! Science News

The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime trade ... Importance of domestic chickens and black rats in eastern Africa today. These findings offer important insights and additional ... Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa. Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human ... Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa New technologies provide evidence in the debate on ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-08/mpif-eio081717.php

Indo-Pacific sea surface temperature influences on failed consecutive rainy seasons over eastern Africa | SpringerLinkIndo-Pacific sea surface temperature influences on failed consecutive rainy seasons over eastern Africa | SpringerLink

Rainfall over eastern Africa (10°S-10°N; 35°E-50°E) is bimodal, with seasonal maxima during the long rains of March-April-May ... Rainfall over eastern Africa (10°S-10°N; 35°E-50°E) is bimodal, with seasonal maxima during the "long rains" of March-April-May ... Eastern Africa Drought West Pacific warming ENSO Indian Ocean Dipole Pacific Decadal Variability ... Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo-Pacific sea ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-013-1991-6

Eastern African History book by Robert O Collins | 1 available editions | Alibris BooksEastern African History book by Robert O Collins | 1 available editions | Alibris Books

Eastern African History has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris ... Eastern African History by Robert O Collins starting at $1.37. ... Eastern African History. by Robert O Collins Write The First ... This volume covers 3000 years in the history of eastern Africa. It features reports on: the ancient kingdoms of Ethiopia and ... This volume covers 3000 years in the history of eastern Africa. It features reports on: the ancient kingdoms of Ethiopia and ...
more infohttps://www.alibris.com/Eastern-African-History-Robert-O-Collins/book/36679862

Early Indian Ocean Trade Routes Bring Chicken to Eastern Africa - The Poultry SiteEarly Indian Ocean Trade Routes Bring Chicken to Eastern Africa - The Poultry Site

The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes ... EASTERN AFRICA - The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via ... Now, domestic chickens and black rats can be added to this list, with their earliest introductions in eastern Africa dating to ... Plague today is a disease of serious concern in Madagascar and eastern Africa, where it claims more victims than anywhere else ...
more infohttp://www.thepoultrysite.com/poultrynews/39059/early-indian-ocean-trade-routes-bring-chicken-to-eastern-africa/

Dienekes Anthropology Blog: An older layer of Eurasian admixture in Eastern AfricaDienekes' Anthropology Blog: An older layer of Eurasian admixture in Eastern Africa

Early Back-to-Africa Migration into the Horn of Africa Jason A. Hodgson Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African ... differentiated African and non-African ancestries in the HOA. After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African ... East Africa is even more diverse than West Africa So? all the more reasons to expect all those African-specific lineages to ... East Africa is even more diverse than West Africa - all the more reasons to expect all those African-specific lineages to be ...
more infohttp://dienekes.blogspot.com/2014/06/an-older-layer-of-eurasian-admixture-in.html?showComment=1402936201805

Dienekes Anthropology Blog: An older layer of Eurasian admixture in Eastern AfricaDienekes' Anthropology Blog: An older layer of Eurasian admixture in Eastern Africa

Early Back-to-Africa Migration into the Horn of Africa Jason A. Hodgson Genetic studies have identified substantial non-African ... differentiated African and non-African ancestries in the HOA. After partitioning the SNP data into African and non-African ... East Africa is even more diverse than West Africa So? all the more reasons to expect all those African-specific lineages to ... East Africa is even more diverse than West Africa - all the more reasons to expect all those African-specific lineages to be ...
more infohttp://dienekes.blogspot.com/2014/06/an-older-layer-of-eurasian-admixture-in.html?showComment=1403444582510
  • In North Africa this is even clearer as the native (pre-Arab) population is definitely broadly West Eurasian and this must have come about by back-migration. (blogspot.com)
  • The non-African ancestry in the HOA, which is primarily attributed to a novel Ethio-Somali inferred ancestry component, is significantly differentiated from all neighboring non-African ancestries in North Africa, the Levant, and Arabia. (blogspot.com)
  • In 2011, the Central African region accounted for 43% of the global industrial diamond production, North Africa accounted for 21% of the global phosphate rock production, and East Africa produced more than 5% of global copper output. (sbwire.com)
  • Countries Scope: The mining sectors of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia are covered for North Africa. (sbwire.com)
  • Genomics enabled us to discover that the strain of cholera behind the devastating and ongoing epidemic in Yemen is likely linked to the migration of people from eastern Africa into Yemen," said Thomson. (voanews.com)
  • The back-migration of M1 and U6 into Africa seems to be at a similar time depth as the one proposed by these authors (post-initial UP, but pre-Neolithic). (blogspot.com)
  • Taking into account published mitochondrial, Y chromosome, paleoclimate, and archaeological data, we find that the time of the Ethio-Somali back-to-Africa migration is most likely pre-agricultural. (blogspot.com)
  • This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa. (ifpri.org)
  • This review demonstrates that migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security interact in complex ways that are little researched and understood in the Southern and Eastern African context. (ifpri.org)
  • Maize flour in eastern Africa is used mostly to make the starchy staple food known as ugali, and maize provides the bulk of inhabitants' energy and protein in Tanzania. (cimmyt.org)
  • The MoU provides for three EASF policy-formulating, -controlling and -implementing organs: The Assembly of Eastern Africa Heads of State and Government The Assembly has the supreme authority over EASF. (wikipedia.org)
  • The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has declared that the vision of economic development in Africa must be based on raising and sustaining higher rates of economic growth, and the African Heads of State and Government adopted the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Program (CAADP), which calls for a 6% annual growth in agricultural production, as a framework for the restoration of agricultural growth, food security and rural development in Africa. (ipipotash.org)
  • Rainfall in East Africa is influenced by El Niño events, which tend to increase rainfall except in the northern and western parts of the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands, where they produce drought and poor Nile floods [ 20 ] . (thefullwiki.org)
  • EASF constitutes the regional operational arm of the peacekeeping elements of the African Peace and Security Architecture, put in place by the 2002 Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Camberlin P, Philippon N (2002) The east african March - May rainy season: Associated atmospheric dynamics and predictability over the 1968-97 period. (springer.com)
  • In June 2014, Somali Prime Minister Ahmed recommitted Somalia to the force during an African Union Summit in Equatorial Guinea. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a paper published August 17, 2017 in the journal PLOS ONE , an international team of researchers, led by Director Nicole Boivin of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, used new techniques to analyze ancient DNA and proteins from 496 bone samples from 22 island, coastal and inland sites in eastern Africa. (eurekalert.org)
  • To address this debate, the researchers analyzed bone samples from 22 sites in eastern Africa, in inland, coastal and island contexts. (eurekalert.org)
  • Black E, Slingo J, Sperber KR (2003) An observational study of the relationship between excessively strong short rains in coastal east africa and indian ocean SST. (springer.com)
  • Below average precipitation during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa can have devastating long-term impacts on water availability and agriculture. (springer.com)
  • The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. (eurekalert.org)
  • The rats that were carried on ships to East Africa were likely major pests, and the simultaneous appearance on the coast of domestic cats, a pest-control species, was probably no accident. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • The arrival of rats, a famous vector for the plague, comes close on the heels of the Justinian Plague outbreak of 541-542 BC in the Eastern Roman Empire and around the Mediterranean. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Some parts of East Africa have been renowned for their concentrations of wild animals, such as the " big five " of elephant , buffalo , lion , leopard and black rhinoceros , though populations have been declining under increased stress in recent times, particularly the rhino and elephant. (thefullwiki.org)
  • In the most recent genomic studies, this non-African ancestry has been attributed to admixture with Middle Eastern populations during the last few thousand years. (blogspot.com)
  • Recent studies from the Southern and Eastern Africa as well as West Africa show that where urban and rural links are strong, it is the resources associated with these connections that dominate urban households' coping strategies, rather than the intra-urban household relationships suggested by the current literature on urban livelihoods amongst the poor. (ifpri.org)
  • Fertilizer use in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is, on average, 8 kg/ha, or only about 10% of the world average and fertilizer use in Mozambique is, on average, 6 kg/ha. (ipipotash.org)
  • City Navigator Eastern Africa NT indeholder vejkort og interessepunkter til din Garmin-enhed, så du kan navigere efter præcise og detaljerede anvisninger til alle adresser eller vejkryds. (garmin.com)
  • The orthography of many African languages includes diacritically marked characters. (aflat.org)
  • Funk C, Dettinger MD, Michaelsen JC, Verdin JP, Brown ME, Barlow M, Hoell A (2008) Warming of the indian ocean threatens eastern and southern african food security but could be mitigated by agricultural development. (springer.com)
  • Egypt is also in the northeastern portion of the continent, [ 17 ] but it is usually included in Northern Africa . (thefullwiki.org)
  • It marked the first time an AfLaT workshop took place on the African continent. (aflat.org)
  • The North African region is driven by the substantial reserves of phosphate primarily located in Morocco, which produced around 28 million metric tons (MMt) of phosphate rock in 2011. (sbwire.com)
  • LONDON - Scientists have found that a strain of cholera causing an epidemic in Yemen - the worst in recorded history - came from eastern Africa and was probably borne into Yemen by migrants. (voanews.com)
  • A decision of the Eastern Africa Council of Ministers of Defense and Security of March 30, 2007 directed the change of name of the institution from Brigade to Force (EASF) in line with a continental directive of the AU Council of Ministers of Defense and Security. (wikipedia.org)
  • The University of Eastern Africa, Baraton is a Seventh-day Adventist institution of higher learning. (ac.ke)
  • They included samples from a Yemeni refugee center on the Saudi Arabia-Yemen border and 74 other cholera samples from South Asia, the Middle East, and eastern and central Africa. (voanews.com)
  • The Central, North and East African regions produce copper, diamonds and phosphate on a large scale. (sbwire.com)
  • Central Africa is the major investment destination of the three regions, with mining projects valued over $11 billion. (sbwire.com)
  • Central Africa is expected to be a significant producer of gold in the near future. (sbwire.com)
  • The competitive landscape covers the top players in the mining industry in the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions, with the major active and planned projects. (sbwire.com)
  • In Central Africa, the mining sectors of Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon are dealt with in detail. (sbwire.com)
  • Metals and Minerals Scope: The report covers trends in the Central, Northern and Eastern African regions' metals and minerals production with a primary focus on coal, copper, diamonds, gold, manganese and phosphate. (sbwire.com)
  • A general blog about Africa with strengths in linguistics and culture. (aflat.org)
  • Haile M (2005) Weather patterns, food security and humanitarian response in sub-saharan africa. (springer.com)
  • FEWSNET (2011) Past year one of the driest on record in the eastern horn, famine early warning system network report. (springer.com)
  • Eurasian admixture in Africa seems to be general, variable, and to have occurred at different time scales. (blogspot.com)
  • The East African region's development is focused on the coal, gold, iron ore and uranium sectors. (sbwire.com)
  • The Association of Member Episcopal Conferences of Eastern Africa said in a statement delivered to the bishops of South Sudan meeting in Juba Jan. 24 that all hostilities must end. (catholicphilly.com)
  • Archaeologists have been debating the timing, mechanisms and social contexts of the arrival of Asian plants and animals to eastern Africa for a long time," explains Dr. Boivin, senior author of the study. (eurekalert.org)
  • JUBA, South Sudan (CNS) - The Catholic bishops of eastern Africa called upon warring factions in South Sudan to soften their positions "in the interest of saving lives" to achieve peace and to open safe corridors to allow humanitarian aid to flow to hundreds of thousands of people displaced since fighting erupted Dec. 15. (catholicphilly.com)
  • The Swahili coast has long been an important point of contact between Asia and Africa. (eurekalert.org)
  • Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo-Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). (springer.com)
  • Since the 1980s, Indo-Pacific SSTs have forced more frequent droughts spanning consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa. (springer.com)
  • During MAM, long-term warming of tropical west Pacific SSTs from 1950-2010 has forced statistically significant precipitation reductions over eastern Africa. (springer.com)
  • Invited Talk: Do we need linguistic knowledge for speech technology applications in African languages? (aflat.org)
  • However, it is no longer clear that Africa was always the pump and never the destination of human migrations. (blogspot.com)
  • The forcing of eastern Africa precipitation and circulation by SSTs is tested using ten ensemble simulations of a global weather forecast model forced by 1950-2010 observed global SSTs. (springer.com)