A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Agents used to treat RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Smallpox eradication in West and Central Africa.(1/125)

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Unprecedented degree of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) group M genetic diversity in the Democratic Republic of Congo suggests that the HIV-1 pandemic originated in Central Africa. (2/125)

The purpose of this study was to document the genetic diversity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC; formerly Zaire). A total of 247 HIV-1-positive samples, collected during an epidemiologic survey conducted in 1997 in three regions (Kinshasa [the capital], Bwamanda [in the north], and Mbuyi-Maya [in the south]), were genetically characterized in the env V3-V5 region. All known subtypes were found to cocirculate, and for 6% of the samples the subtype could not be identified. Subtype A is predominant, with prevalences decreasing from north to south (69% in the north, 53% in the capital city, and 46% in the south). Subtype C, D, G, and H prevalences range from 7 to 9%, whereas subtype F, J, K, and CRF01-AE strains represent 2 to 4% of the samples; only one subtype B strain was identified. The highest prevalence (25%) of subtype C was in the south, and CRF01-AE was seen mainly in the north. The high intersubtype variability among the V3-V5 sequences is the most probable reason for the low (45%) efficiency of subtype A-specific PCR and HMA (heteroduplex mobility assay). Eighteen (29%) of 62 samples had discordant subtype designations between env and gag. Sequence analysis of the entire envelope from 13 samples confirmed the high degree of diversity and complexity of HIV-1 strains in the DRC; 9 had a complex recombinant structure in gp160, involving fragments of known and unknown subtypes. Interestingly, the unknown fragments from the different strains did not cluster together. Overall, the high number of HIV-1 subtypes cocirculating, the high intrasubtype diversity, and the high numbers of possible recombinant viruses as well as different unclassified strains are all in agreement with an old and mature epidemic in the DRC, suggesting that this region is the epicenter of HIV-1 group M.  (+info)

Short-course eflornithine in Gambian trypanosomiasis: a multicentre randomized controlled trial. (3/125)

OBJECTIVE: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine whether 7 days of intravenous eflornithine (100 mg/kg every 6 h) was as effective as the standard 14-day regimen in the treatment of late-stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense trypanosomiasis. METHODS: A total of 321 patients (274 new cases, 47 relapsing cases) were randomized at four participating centres in Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda to one of these treatment regimens and followed up for 2 years. RESULTS: Six patients died during treatment, one of whom was on the 7-day regimen, whereas the other five had been on the 14-day regimen (P = 0.2). The response to eflornithine differed markedly between Uganda and other countries. Among new cases in Uganda, the 2-year probability of cure was 73% on the 14-day course compared with 62% on the 7-day regimen (hazard ratio (HR) for treatment failure, 7-day versus 14-day regimen: 1.45, 95% CI: 0.7, 3.1, P = 0.3). Among new cases in Cote d'Ivoire, Congo, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo combined, the 2-year probability of cure was 97% on the 14-day course compared with 86.5% on the 7-day regimen (HR for treatment failure, 7-day vs 14-day: 6.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.5, 31.0, P = 0.003). Among relapsing cases in all four countries, the 2-year probability of cure was 94% with 7 days and 100% with 14 days of treatment. Factors associated with a higher risk of treatment failure were: a positive lymph node aspirate (HR 4.1; 95% CI: 1.8-9.4), a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white cell count > or = 100/mm3 (HR 3.5; 95% CI: 1.1-10.9), being treated in Uganda (HR 2.9; 95% CI: 1.4-5.9), and CSF trypanosomes (HR 1.9; 95% CI: 0.9-4.1). Being stuporous on admission was associated with a lower risk of treatment failure (HR 0.18; 95% CI: 0.02-1.4) as was increasing age (HR 0.977; 95% CI: 0.95-1.0, for each additional year of age). DISCUSSION: The 7-day course of eflornithine is an effective treatment of relapsing cases of Gambian trypanosomiasis. For new cases, a 7-day course is inferior to the standard 14-day regimen and cannot be recommended.  (+info)

Experimental oral polio vaccines and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. (4/125)

The simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) of the common chimpanzee is widely acknowledged as the direct ancestor of HIV-1. There is increasing historical evidence that during the late 1950s, kidneys were routinely excised from central African chimpanzees by scientists who were collaborating with the polio vaccine research of Dr Hilary Koprowski, and sent - inter alia - to vaccine-making laboratories in the USA and Africa, and to unspecified destinations in Belgium. While there is no direct evidence that cells from these kidneys were used as a substrate for growing Dr Koprowski's oral polio vaccines, there is a startling coincidence between places in Africa where his CHAT vaccine was fed, and the first appearances in the world of HIV-1 group M and group-M-related AIDS. Because of the enormous implications of the hypothesis that AIDS may be an unintended iatrogenic (physician-caused) disease, it is almost inevitable that this theory will engender heated opposition from many of those in the scientific establishment, and those with vested interests.  (+info)

Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--West and Central Africa, 1999-2000. (5/125)

In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000. Reported polio cases have decreased on all continents. In 2000, poliovirus was isolated from 24 countries, 13 in the African Region of WHO (AFR). This report summarizes the routine polio vaccination coverage, surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) during 1999 and 2000, and the synchronization of national immunization days (NIDs) against polio during 2000 and early 2001 in 16 countries in west and central Africa.  (+info)

Modeling and reinforcement to combat HIV: the MARCH approach to behavior change. (6/125)

Theory and research suggest that behavioral interventions to prevent HIV/AIDS may be most effective when they are personalized and affectively compelling, when they provide models of desired behaviors, and when they are linked to social and cultural narratives. Effective strategies must also take into account the opportunities and obstacles present in the local environment. The Modeling and Reinforcement to Combat HIV (MARCH) projects combine key aspects of individual behavior change with efforts to change social norms. There are 2 main components to the program: entertainment as a vehicle for education (longrunning serialized dramas on radio or television portray role models evolving toward the adoption of positive behaviors) and interpersonal reinforcement at the community level (support from friends, family members, and others can help people initiate behavior changes; support through changes in social norms is necessary for behavioral effects to be sustained over time). Both media and interpersonal intervention activities should be linked to existing resources in the community and, wherever possible, provide increased access to preventive services, supplies, and other supporting elements.  (+info)

Infertility in central Africa. (7/125)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of primary and secondary infertility in the four Central African countries of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic and Gabon. METHODS: Primary infertility was approximated by the percentage of women childless after at least 5 years of marriage. The percentage with no birth at least 5 years subsequent to a previous birth was considered to have secondary infertility. Logistic regression and discrete logistic regression models were estimated to determine the risk factors of primary and secondary infertility, respectively. The relatively few women who were defined as infertile and reported using a traditional or modern method of contraception at survey date were considered fertile to reduce bias from falsely classifying effective contraceptive users as infertile. RESULTS: The prevalence of infertility was highest in Central African Republic and lowest in Chad: primary infertility ranged from 6.9% to 3.1% and secondary infertility for women aged 20-44 years ranged from 26.5% to 18.9%. Women married more than once vs. only once and formerly married women vs. women living with their husbands had higher odds of primary and secondary infertility. Also, younger cohorts had relatively higher risks of primary (born after 1970) and secondary infertility (born after 1960) compared with women born before 1960. In contrast, place of residence, religion, education of wife or husband and socio-economic status were generally not associated with primary or secondary infertility. CONCLUSIONS: Infertility is still prevalent in Central Africa and new interventions aimed at reducing the incidence and social implications of pathologic infertility are needed.  (+info)

RESPONSE OF VOLTA CHILDREN TO LIVE ATTENUATED MEASLES VIRUS VACCINE. (8/125)

Experience so far with the Enders B-level Edmonston strain of live attenuated measles vaccine has been principally with children in the USA in whom natural measles carries a low mortality. Measles is associated with an appreciably higher mortality rate in developing countries; in Upper Volta, climate, nutritional status, degree of parasitic infestation and concurrent infections may contribute to this. The present report summarizes a pilot study in Ouagadougou, Upper Volta, designed to obtain information on the response of Volta children to Enders vaccine and to determine the feasibility of using this vaccine on a large scale.The observations indicate that Volta children, despite the hazards of natural measles, respond in essentially the same manner to live vaccine given alone or with gamma-globulin as do children in other areas. The febrile reactions which characterize infection with the attenuated measles virus were of insufficient importance to warrant the concurrent use of gamma-globulin in a forthcoming mass measles vaccination campaign in Upper Volta.  (+info)

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Antioch: Antioch, ancient city in Phrygia, near the Pisidian border, close to modern Yalvaç, in west-central Turkey. Founded by Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358-281 bc), it was made a free
The UN Childrens Fund, UNICEF, has said that no fewer than 270,000 estimated children aged 0 to 14 years were living with HIV in Nigeria in 2016. The figure represented the lion share of half of the 540,000 total infected children in West and Central Africa over the same year. Nigeria also recorded 37,000 new HIV infections among children out of the total of 60,000 new infections in West and Central Africa over the same period, representing 62 per cent of the new infections.. The UN childrens agency warned that the West and Central Africa were lagging too far behind the rest of the world in access to HIV treatment and care. Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEF Director, West and Central Africa, in a report released on Tuesday, called for improvement of early diagnosis and access to HIV treatment and care for children. The report said four in five children living with HIV in West and Central Africa were still not receiving life-saving antiretroviral therapy. It warned that AIDS-related deaths among ...
A mere two weeks after World Polio Day, a fast moving polio outbreak has struck three central African countries. The first confirmed re-appearance of the disease was reported on 4 November in the Republic of Congo (also known as Congo-Brazzaville), but the disease then quickly spread to both the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. Within a week, the UN reported 226 infections and 104 deaths, with numbers rising quickly.. Polio is a contagious viral disease that attacks the bodys nervous system. Left untreated, polio can cause paralysis and death. It strikes children and young adults of both sexes equally. Usually, however, less than 10 percent of cases actually develop symptoms, and only 1 percent of these remain permanently paralyzed. This particular outbreak, meanwhile, is proving past medical statistics wrong.. According to the joint communiqué released by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF), the rate of mortality for the current outbreak is ...
Images of nature landscapes, vegetation, plants and animals of Central Africa (Kenya and Tanzania, Masai Mara National Park, Kilimanjaro mountain, Manyara lake, Ngorongoro caldera, Tarangire National Park, Eastern Africa animals, Zanzibar island)
For the intrepid traveler, West and Central Africa presents exciting new places to explore. Check out a plethora of festivals and colorful celebrations or hire an eco-guide to see a menagerie of wildlife throughout this rich region.
An anthropobiological study in Basse Kotto (Central Africa). I. Erythrocyte and sero-genetic markers: an analysis of the genetic differentiation.: Phenotype and
Buy An Introduction to the Larger Fungi of South Central Africa: NHBS - Edited By: Leif Ryvarden, GD Piearce and AJ Masuka, Academic & Baobab Books
Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) is an initiative endorsed by the Steering Committee of the New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD) to support eastern and central African countries in development and application of bioscience research and expertise to produce technologies that help poor farmers secure their assets, improve their productivity and income, and increase their market opportunities.
In Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic, Quammen investigates a handful of zoonoses and how they spilled over, traveling all over the world and going into the field to speak to doctors, scientists, and survivors. He joins a biologist in Gabon who is conducting a biological survey of Central African forests, visits the wet markets of Guangdong, China, and helps trap monkeys and bats in Bangladesh. Along the way, he talks to men who were in the village of Mayibout 2 when Ebola struck in 1996, the doctors in Singapore who treated patients suffering from what was later identified as SARS but at first seemed merely a severe case of pneumonia, scientists who identified previously unknown diseases and tracked them to their original hosts, and many others ...
Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) is an initiative endorsed by the Steering Committee of the New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD) to support eastern and central African countries in development and application of bioscience research and expertise to produce technologies that help poor farmers secure their assets, improve their productivity and income, and increase their market opportunities.
At the opening lecture at 5pm tonite Dr Beatrice Hahn talked about her reseaerch in Africa and how her research leads her to think that HIV was passed to humans from monkeys in West Central Africa. Her research leads her to believe that HIV was passed from other primates to monkeys thousands of years ago. And she believes that perhaps HIV was passed to humans through the business of hunting and selling bushmeat in Central Africa by humans. The humans were exposed to the blood of primates through catching, killing, and cutting up the animals. She and her team looked at 788 primates/monkeys and 16 species in Central Africa. 13 primate species had HIV-1/HIV-2; 20% of the animals had HIV (range 5-20% among the various species). 90% of the sexually active adults had HIV. She believes HIV was spread from one animal to another by the fighting of animals amongst themselves. Hahn developed a non-invasive way to check urine & fecal samples from the monkeys to test them for HIV. Hahn said that by ...
Rajkot: City, west-central Gujarat state, west-central India. It lies near the centre of the Kathiawar Peninsula, about 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Jamnagar. The city was the capital...
Standley, CJ, Mugisha, L, Verweij, JJ, Adriko, M, Arinaitwe, M, Rowell, C, Atuhaire, A, Betson, M, Hobbs, E, van Tulleken, CR, Kane, RA, van Lieshout, L, Ajarova, L, Kabatereine, NB and Stothard, JR (2011) Confirmed infection with intestinal schistosomiasis in semi-captive wild-born chimpanzees on Ngamba Island, Uganda. ...
opinion In South Africa today, nearly 4 million people are on antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), the largest HIV patient cohort in the world. At the same time…
Gabriella Meltzer is a research associate in the Council on Foreign Relations Global Health program.From Ebola to Zika, recent global health crises h…
The School of medicine was established in 2004 as a Centre of excellence in health research, capacity building and product development. It has rapidly developed over time and now has eleven departments that are fully established offering various degrees and diplomas.
Case Study - Learn more about how MEGA helped CFH streamline banking operations, deliver training to all the groups employees, and help implement e-payment solutions for customers.
Weighted average index of the Real Internal Exchange Rate (RIER) of the 5 majors exported primary products (except oil and ores ...
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The HIV-1 is classified into three groups. The major group that is M, the group M again has subtypes A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J and K, the outlier group O and the third is the new group N. It has been found out that more than 90% of the people with HIV-1 infection belong to the group M. Group N is extremely rare and group O is restricted to west-central Africa ...
We begin this review of the Suns influence on European temperatures with the study of Holzhauser et al. (2005)[1], who presented high-resolution records of variations in glacier size in the Swiss Alps together with lake-level fluctuations in the Jura mountains, the northern French Pre-Alps, and the Swiss Plateau in developing a 3,500-year climate history of west-central Europe, starting… Read More ». ...
A suite of analyses was performed on sediments accumulated during the last 10 700 years in Lake Spaime, a small, hydrologically open water body in the modem alpine tundra zone of the Scandes Mountains, west-central Sweden ...
As one of west-central Floridas oldest towns formed by white settlers, Brooksville has a large concentration of structures from the 1870s and 1880s. A must see town if you are passionate about historic towns.
OLIVEIRA, EMILIANO C., ROSSETTI, DILCE F. and UTIDA, GISELLE Paleoenvironmental Evolution of Continental Carbonates in West-Central Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ci nc., May 2017, vol.89, no.1, p.407-429. ISSN 0001- ...
The more art you see, the better your eye gets and the surer you become about what you like and why. There are lots of excellent opportunities in galleries throughout the west-central Florida region
Lana Peters, Stalins daughter, died last week of colon cancer in a small town in west-central Wisconsin. She chose to live in Wisconsin at least partly because she had met her husband at Frank Lloyd Wrights architectural headquarters, which is located in the state. Wes Peters was an architect who worked with Wright. She says she hated her father because he destroyed her life twice: by refusing to allow her to marry a filmmaker in Russia and then preventing her from studying art and film.
International demand for commodity crops like cocoa is putting increasing pressure on tropical forests in sub-Saharan Africa, according to new research.
The Kingdom of Luba, located in central Africa, thrived from the 15th to 19th century CE and was the first such state in the Congo basin. Skills in ironworking...
The strain of Ebola that has circulated in West Africa for the last year takes longer to kill macaques than the virus that caused an outbreak in Central Africa in 1976.. 0 Comments. ...
Access to antiretroviral treatment is worryingly low in West and Central Africa, with little priority given to HIV in the region, according to a report from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Currently, just 24% of people have access to treatment in the region.. ...
Hoofddoek. From the collection: Vlisco, a Dutch manufacturer of printed fabrics for West and Central Africa. Date of creation: 1899-10-11
Sarong. From the collection: Vlisco, a Dutch manufacturer of printed fabrics for West and Central Africa. Date of creation: 28-10-1927
Children, Vulnerability, and Social Vaccines: HIV/AIDS and Schooling in Southern and Central Africa: http://videos.med.wisc.edu/videos/111. ...
Four species of the genus Amphibiophilus Skrjabin, 1916 from pyxycephalid frogs in southern and central Africa are currently recognised as valid. Several specimens of Amphibiophilus were found in mate
Southern Rhodesia, Central Africa: March, 1914. A trooper of police, sent to contain a lawless settlement near Bulawayo, the countrys largest city, told on his arrival there that all the violence was caused by government restrictions (not true) took them at their word and made a single, simple
Currently maize production in the East and Central Africa (ECA) region is at 1.3 tonnes per hectare compared to the potential of up to 7.0 tonnes per hectare because of biotic and abiotic constraints, and this has resulted ...
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On May 12, 2014, by Executive Order 13667, the President declared a national emergency pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States constituted by the situation in and in relation to the Central African Republic, which has been marked by a breakdown of law and order, intersectarian tension, widespread violence and atrocities, and the pervasive, often forced recruitment and use of child soldiers, threatens the peace, security, or stability of the Central African Republic and neighboring states. The situation in and in relation to the Central African Republic continues to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. For this reason, the national emergency declared on May 12, 2014, to deal with that threat must continue in effect beyond May 12, 2020. Therefore, in accordance with ...
Candidates Faustin Touadera and Anicet Dologuele received enough voter support to advance to a second round of the Central African Republics presidential race, results released 01 January 2015 showed. The counting of ballots was continuing in Bangui, the capital, but with roughly two-thirds of them tallied, Touadera, a former prime minister in the government of ousted president Francois Bozize, led with 31,000 votes. Dologuele, also a former prime minister, had garnered 28,000 votes.. Former prime minister Faustin Archange Touadera was in the lead to become the Central African Republic s next president, initial election results showed. A quarter of the votes in the Central African Republic s elections had been counted as of 04 January 2016, with Faustin Archange Touadera, who served as prime minister under long-running President Francois Bozize, the current favorite of thirty candidates. The top two presidential hopefuls went head to head in a run-off election on 14 February 2016. Former Prime ...
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Central African Republic population. Demographic data, ethnic groups population and demographics from Central African Republic. Create custom graphs.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are MBaka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language. More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers. According to the 2017 ...
Central African Republic - 88.4 per 1,000. The highest rate of teenage pregnancy in the world - 143 per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 years - is in sub-Saharan Africa. Definition: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. Stillbirth rate (per 1000 total births) Search glossaries Source: WHO Data , World Health Organization. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Birth rate of Democratic Republic of the Congo fell gradually from 46.6 per 1,000 people in 1970 to 40.6 per 1,000 people in 2019. Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) of Central African Republic fell gradually from 43.13 per 1,000 people in 1970 to 35.09 per 1,000 people in 2019. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The death rate was 7.8 per 1,000. Definition: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 ...
Is Central African Republic ready for the next outbreak? Check our patented ReadyScore®. Prevent Epidemics identifies the strengths, gaps and specific risk factors necessary to improve epidemic preparedness for Central African Republic.
Nearly 1 million people have been displaced by ongoing violence in Central African Republic. Amidst growing chaos, WFP is on the ground delivering life-saving food assistance in communities such as Bossangoa, where 586 metric tons of food were recently distributed to nearly 40,000 people. To scale up its emergency response in the Central African Republic, WFP has appealed to the international community for an additional $107 million in aid.. ...
The president of Central African Republic on Thursday urgently called on France and other foreign powers to help his government fend off rebels who are quickly seizing territory and approaching this capital city, but French officials declined to offer any military assistance. About 200 French soldiers are already in the country, providing technical support and helping to train the local army, according to the French defense ministry. Central African Republic, a landlocked nation of 4.4 million people, has suffered decades of army revolts, coups and rebellions since gaining independence in 1960 and remains one of the poorest countries in the world.
Physical map of Central African Republic showing major cities, terrain, national parks, rivers, and surrounding countries with international borders and outline maps. Key facts about Central African Republic.
Central African Republic: Expansion of 2G/3G Coverage, Rising Mobile Data Adoption and Improvement in Broadband Connectivity to Fuel Telecom Growth is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. This report provides an executive-level overview of the telecommunications market in Central African Republic today, with detailed forecasts of key indicators up to 2021. Published annually, the report provides detailed analysis of the near-term opportunities, competitive dynamics and evolution of demand by service type and technology/platform across the fixed telephony, broadband and mobile sectors, as well as a review of key regulatory trends. ...
|strong|BANGUI, Central African Republic/DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 5 May 2017 - |/strong|Without increased support, the lives and futures of more than 1 million children in the Central African Republic are under threat, UNICEF said today.
BANGUI, Central African Republic, 24 December 2013 - Officials in UNICEF Bangui today expressed extreme concern that recent waves of violence in the Central African Republic will cause a sharp increase in children suffering severe malnutrition, putting their lives and future health at risk.
Nicole Sabiko, a young mom of 23 with four children, stepped into the new year the same way as she began the year before, and the one before that. Being displaced. Together with her children, she has been finding refuge at one of the many displaced peoples camps in Bangui, the capital of conflict-ravaged Central African Republic. How is she surviving?
Urban population in Central African Republic was reported at 1982064 in 2019, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Central African Republic - Urban population - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on October of 2020.
Bangui, Central African Republic, June 25, 2007 - The insecurity that prevails in northwestern Central African Republic (CAR) is severely impacting civilian populations and the humanitarian workers assisting them, Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today.
Sub-region an epicentre of recurrent outbreaks and high burden of infectious diseases Libreville, 02 August 2017- Central African countries meeting last week on Thursday and Friday operationalised the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Preventions (Africa CDC) Regional Collaborating Centre (RCC). The centre will coordinate the efforts of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sao Tomé and Principe and Chad to jointly strengthen surveillance, emergency response and prevention of infectious and non-communicable diseases. The Central Africa sub-region has witnessed several disease outbreaks including Ebola, Cholera and Hepatitis in addition to a high burden of malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, vaccine-preventable diseases and neglected tropical diseases.. The recent African Heads of State and Government Declaration, committing to accelerate the implementation of International Health Regulations, demonstrate the resolve of African ...
When TNH visited the town of Dekoa in Central African Republic last March to investigate the situation of women and girls who had brought allegations of rape, sexual abuse, and exploitation against UN peacekeepers from Burundi and Gabon in 2015-16, few if any of them knew the status of their claims. Now, an internal UN draft report obtained by TNH reveals a litany of mistakes made by investigators that may explain why so many cases have been dismissed and why, according to UN data, there hasnt been a sing
Objective: The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of behavioral symptoms and associated factors in the elderly in the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo. Methods: An analysis of baseline data was performed from the EPIDEMCA (Epidemiology of Dementia in Central Africa) multicenter population-based study carried out in rural and urban areas of the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo between 2011 and 2012 in elderly aged 65 and over. Cognitive disorders were assessed in two phases. The first phase was cognitive screening using the Community Screening Interview in Dementia. Following cognitive screening, in the second phase, participants suspected of dementia underwent clinical assessment based on the abridged version of the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) which assesses 12 behavioral disorders in the elderly over the previous 30 days. Results: NPI data were available for 532 out of participants examined in the second phase of EPIDEMCA. Among the 532
Immunisations programmes in Africa are at risk thanks to the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new analysis by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. Measles outbreaks are currently ongoing in several countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo and Central African Republic. The DRC outbreak is currently the worlds largest, affecting over 300,000…. ...
Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. Civilians are caught in the middle, and sometimes targeted, despite UN peacekeepers presence. The government struggles to maintain control of the capital, relying on peacekeepers for support. An estimated 461,000 people, mostly Muslims, are refugees in neighboring countries; 421,700 more are internally displaced. The new Special Criminal Court, a tribunal comprised of national and international staff and designed to promote accountability and stem the violence, requires financial and political support from the government and its international partners.
By CNN Pentagon Correspondent Barbara Starr American military aircraft will fly African and European peacekeepers to the Central African Republic, which is in the midst of a bloody internal conflict between various proclaimed Christian and Muslim militias and other rebel factions.
By CNN Pentagon Correspondent Barbara Starr American military aircraft will fly African and European peacekeepers to the Central African Republic, which is in the midst of a bloody internal conflict between various proclaimed Christian and Muslim militias and other rebel factions.
Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. Civilians are caught in the middle, and sometimes targeted, despite UN peacekeepers presence. The government struggles to maintain control of the capital, relying on peacekeepers for support. An estimated 461,000 people, mostly Muslims, are refugees in neighboring countries; 421,700 more are internally displaced. The new Special Criminal Court, a tribunal comprised of national and international staff and designed to promote accountability and stem the violence, requires financial and political support from the government and its international partners.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) said today it would scale up food distributions in conflict-wracked Central African Republic (CAR) to assist up to 1.25 million people in the next eight months as growing numbers of people go hungry.. ...
In Central African Republic (CAR) an estimated 2.9 million out of a population of 4.6 million currently require humanitarian support. Results of the 2018 SMART survey show a global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence of 7.5% and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) prevalence of 2.7% for Haute Kotto region. Aggravating factors include insecurity, food insecurity, high numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in camps and host communities, and poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. In sites with a high number of IDPs (Alindao, Bambari, Bria, Kaga Bandoro, Batangafo), most households have limited access to land to engage in agricultural activities and are dependent on humanitarian food assistance and food-market purchases. Food and nutrition support are available but patchy due to insecurity and transportation difficulties to the affected areas, and humanitarian food assistance remains inconsistent and underfunded.1 As a result, food-consumption deficits and poor nutrition among ...
April 19, 2017 (KAMPALA) - The Ugandan army Wednesday has announced the end of pursuit operations in the Central African Republic (CAR) for the (...)
One of the worlds poorest countries, the Central African Republic has struggled under repeated political crisis which have resulted in conflict and instability. UNFPA is based in the country since 1972 and provides humanitarian support, including reproductive health supplies such as clean delivery kits, male and female contraceptives, and medical equipment.
The Central African Republic today finds itself in a state of chronic medical emergency, yet the commitment of the countrys government and of the international community is going in the wrong direction.
Actual value and historical data chart for Central African Republic Incidence Of Tuberculosis Low Uncertainty Bound Per 100000 People
Central african republic travel information from Direct Travel Insurance, including travel alerts, travel risks, geography, embassies, visas along with other helpful information.
Central African Republic - 2006 - Introduction Geography Population Government Economy Communications Transportation Military Issues Maps Flags
Central African Republic - 2006 - Introduction Geography Population Government Economy Communications Transportation Military Issues Maps Flags
Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious clashes in their nation.Msgr. Cyriaque Gbate Doumalo, secretary-general of the nations Catholic bishops conference, told Catholic News Service on Dec. 11 that thou
Summary:. This paper discusses key findings of the Fourth Review for the Central African Republic (CAR) under the three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Short-term fiscal policy of the CAR attempts to stabilize demand through government spending while preserving medium-term fiscal discipline. The revised program safeguards budgeted spending and incorporates new externally financed peace-process spending. Structural reforms are focused on areas critical to economic stability and the recovery of growth. IMF staff supports completion of the fourth review, augmentation of PRGF access, and program extension. ...
Horrific footage has emerged of a cannibal eating the leg of a Muslim slaughtered by a rampaging Christian mob in the Central African Republic.. The victim was hauled from a bus, battered and then stabbed before being set on fire in the capital city Bangui, according to the BBC.. In the aftermath of the incident, one of his attackers Ouandja Magloire-who also calls himself Mad Dog-grabbed hold of his leg and then began to devour it.. Magloire told a BBC reporter that his action was revenge for the murders of his pregnant wife, his sister-in-law and her baby.. He claimed that Muslims were responsible and he was angry with them.. They broke down the door and cut my baby in half. I promised I would get my revenge, he said.. Mad Dog spotted his victim on a minibus and followed him after deciding he looked Muslim.. He gathered a crowd of about 20 Christian youths who forced the bus driver to stop and dragged him from the bus.. Without emotion he told the BBC: I poured petrol over him. I burned ...
View Central African Republic 2006 Pro Cycling Team Details and Profile Infos - View profiles and information for professional race teams and cyclists here. Cyclingnews.com: The world centre of cycling.
Witnesses say heavy gunfire has erupted in the capital of Central African Republic. The violent clashes come after several days of sectarian fighting that killed at least 36 people.
Armed men in the capital of the Central African Republic kidnapped a female staff member with the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA on Tuesday, a spokesman for the mission said, the second abduction in…
In 2019, Agriculture Gross Production Index in Central African Republic was 126 US Dollars PPP = 2004-2006. Discover more data with NationMaster!
Simba, Malik (1997). "Central Africa". The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery: A-K ; Vol. II, L-Z. ABC-CLIO. p. 138. ISBN ... Swann, Alfred J.; Bennett, Norman (2012). Fighting the Slave Hunters in Central Africa: A Record of Twenty-Six Years of Travel ... Sources Boulger, Demetrius Charles (1898). The Congo State: Or, the Growth of Civilisation in Central Africa. Cambridge ... was an Arab trader of ivory active in Central and East Africa in the last part of the nineteenth century. He was a member of ...
West Africa (Sierra Leone) : Original papers, missionaries : Henry Graham. 1830-1834. C A 1 O106. Africa Missions. Church ... G C 1. Central Records. Church Missionary Society Archive.https://www-researchsource-amdigital-co-uk/Documents/Details/CMS_III_ ... Boyle, Graham discovered African medications not commonly used in England, such as the use of Ergot and Rye in midwifery, and ... Boyle, he contributed to introducing unfamiliar African medical practices to the CMS and England, such as the use of Ergot and ...
"Emem Isong". African Women Leadership Organization. Retrieved 17 October 2016. "Emem Isong makes case for rape victims in 'Code ... Miller, Jade L. (28 April 2016). Nollywood Central. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-84457-694-4. Lindsey Green-Simms; ... Epprecht, Marc (15 August 2008). Heterosexual Africa?: The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS. ... "Star of the Week: Emem Isong". Africa Magic. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2016. " ...
"Central America :: Dominican Republic - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. "Africa :: Angola - The ... Griqua, on the other hand, are descendants of Khoisan and Afrikaner trekboers, with contributions from central Southern African ... Fernandino Quadroon - and other terms denoting the degree of African descent Métis Mestizo Zambo Creole peoples African ... "Central America :: Cuba - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. " ...
Kingsley-Hall A. "Congo's experimental mAb114 Ebola treatment appears successful: authorities , Central Africa". www. ...
". "Africa". Sniper Central. Archived from the original on 14 March 2006. ".303 British". 303british.com. David Cushman. " ... In South Africa .303 British Lee-Enfield rifles captured by the Boers during the Boer War were adapted for sporting purposes ... The .303 British case was also used as a parent case for the South African designed 6mm Musgrave cartridge that was billed as a ... The high-velocity 7×57mm had a flatter trajectory and longer range that excelled on the open country of the South African ...
South Africa. November 5, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2012. Gupta, Kanchan (August 13, 2013). "Role of Twitter in trending wars ... ". NITI Central. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013. Elmas, Tuğrulcan; Overdorf, Rebekah ...
Bowen, T. J. (1969). Central Africa. Adventures and missionary labors in several countries in the interior of Africa, from 1849 ... Joseph Harden (1824-1864) was an African American missionary whose proselytizing activity was in West Africa. Harden founded ... Harden's initial experience with mission life in West Africa was demoralizing, his first wife and child died within a year of ... Upon his switch, he became a member of the Saratoga Street African Baptist Church in Baltimore. When the Southern Baptist ...
REDHAC covers eight countries of Central Africa namely the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Central African ... "AFRICAN DEFENDERS , Central Africa". Retrieved 2021-03-10. "Maximilienne C. Ngo Mbe , localhost". www.africademocracyforum.org ... She has led the Cameroon-based Network of Human Rights Defenders of Central Africa (Réseau de Défenseurs des Droits Humains de ... She is the treasurer of the African Democracy Network and she is on the board of the Pan African Human Rights Defenders Network ...
In 2010, Ahmed served as the vice-president of the Comoros chapter of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies and was appointed ... Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 November 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Ahamed Zoubeiri, Hakim (21 ... Africa Center for Strategic Studies. Retrieved 9 November 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Comoros: Detained ... First women lawyers around the world "COMOROS ISLANDS : Couple takes its distance from Sambi". Africa Intelligence. Retrieved 8 ...
Central Intelligence Agency. 1967. p. I 5. Africa and the World, Volume 5 (Report). Africa and the world Limited, London. 1969 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "West Africa, Issues 3489-3514". West Africa. West Africa Publishing Company Limited: ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Africa Report". Africa Report. African-American Institute: 41. 1966. Daily Report, ... Taylor was born in 1925 and hails from Korankyekrom, Saltpond in the Central Region of Ghana.[citation needed] Taylor served as ...
Central African Republic. Central African Empire. Ubangi-Shari 546.342-546.345......Ethnography 546.348-546.3852.....History ... Central Sub-Saharan Africa 365-469....................Eastern Africa 365.5-365.78..............History 367-367.8 ... British Central Africa. Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland 2871-3025...............Zimbabwe. Southern Rhodesia 2910-2913 ... East Africa. British East Africa 433.2-433.29..............Uganda 433.242-433.245..........Ethnography 433.252-433.287 ...
South Africa. Retrieved 2013-11-18. Moore, Debi (25 January 2012). "Have a Look at Darin Beckstead's Zombie Valley Short Film ... Barton, Steve (8 May 2008). "It's My Party and I'll Die if I Want To (DVD)". Dread Central (Review). Retrieved 4 October 2013. ... "Rise of the Dead (DVD) Review". Dread Central. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-20. Begley, Josh (2007-11-22). "Rise Of The Dead ... Barton, Steve (5 October 2009). "Fight of the Living Dead". Dread Central (News). Retrieved 4 October 2013. "Highschool of the ...
"Keeping You In Stitches: Presented by the Rondebosch Medical Centre & Comedy Central". Comedy Central Africa. 24 October 2012. ... "Keeping You In Stitches: Ticket giveaway!". Comedy Central Africa. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013. "Win Tickets to ... Later in the year, he went on his "Doctor's Orders Tour" throughout South Africa, Africa and the United Kingdom. Moosa is a ... In October 2013, he started his Doctor's Orders tour in South Africa. Moosa took part in South African national comedy tour, ...
"Africa :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved June 20, 2015. " ... Central Intelligence Agency (2009). CIA World Factbook 2010. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. p. 339. ISBN 978-1-60239-727-9. OCCUPIED ...
"Africa :: Somalia - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 7 Feb 2020. Metz, Helen Chapin (1992). Somalia - ... Being the second-longest in Africa, this coastline is the easternmost coastline of continental Africa, comprises part of the ... The country has second-longest coastline in all of Africa, behind the island nation of Madagascar (4828 km). The coastline is ... The total length of the coastline is approximately 3025 km, giving the country the longest coastline on mainland Africa. ...
AFRICA: Morocco and South Africa. However, Grupo Bimbo's structure is divided into 8 regions, distributed as follows: 1964: ... "América Central". Grupo Bimbo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-18. "América del Sur". Grupo Bimbo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021- ... "Europa-Asia-Africa". Grupo Bimbo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-18. "Canadá". Grupo Bimbo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-18 ... Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, ...
ISBN 0-571-20197-0. "Central Africa, explored". Unimaps.com. 2005. Retrieved August 26, 2011. "Mill City Timeline". ... 1st African American graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and founder of the Frederick Douglass ... African-American inventor (d. 1910) April 24 - Philippe Pétain, French soldier, statesman (d. 1951) April 26 - Sir Joseph Ward ... Central American politician July 14 - Edward Vernon Utterson, English lawyer, literary antiquary, collector and editor (b. 1775 ...
"Sigrid Burger". Netball Draft Central. Retrieved 2019-10-25. "South Africa". Netball Draft Central. Retrieved 2019-10-25. "Sigi ... She was also a key member of the South African squad which won the 2019 African Netball Championships which was held in Cape ... "Proteas crowned African Netball Champs". ewn. Retrieved 2019-10-25. "Proteas crowned 2019 Africa Netball Cup winners". Sport. ... Sigrid made her international debut for South Africa against Wales at the [[2016 Wales- South Africa test series. She also ...
"AFRICA :: TANZANIA". CIA.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 March 2020. "World Economic Outlook Database, October ... making it the 2nd largest economy in East Africa after Kenya and the 7th largest in Sub-Saharan Africa. It has sustained ... "Bright Africa , The drivers, enablers and managers of investment on the continent". www.riscura.com. Retrieved 18 February 2016 ... Central Intelligence Agency (2013). "Tanzania". The World Factbook. Retrieved 12 July 2013. "MKUKUTA Annual Implementation ...
Africa: Algeria; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Central African Republic; Côte d'Ivoire; Democratic Republic of the Congo; ... March 2012). "Prostitution in Africa: A sociological Study of Eritrea (North East Africa)" (PDF). Indian Streams Research ... Africa: Cape Verde; Guinea-Bissau Oceania: Australia (New South Wales); New Zealand; Niue; Pitcairn Islands; Tokelau Legend for ... Africa: Kenya; Nigeria Americas: Argentina; El Salvador; Mexico; Nevada (USA); Asia: Indonesia Oceania: Micronesia In these ...
A Tuareg rebellion in early 2012 that forced the armed forces of Mali, a West African country with significant holdings in the ... North Korea threatened to take military action if South Korea continued to drop leaflets fomenting revolt, Korean Central News ... "Sub-Saharan Africa censors Mideast". The Committee to Protect Journalists. 18 February 2011. "Ethiopia: Eskinder Nega is nazret ... Many Zimbwabwean migrants to South Africa, who number in the hundreds of thousands, are free to talk of the events. However, ...
East Africa and Rhodesia, Vol 35. 1959. pp. 790 and 1030. Sanger, Clyde (1960). Central Africa Emergency. Heineman. p. 100. " ... Native Policy for Africa, with D. Stirling (1951) Federation and the African, with Abel Nyirenda and T.J. Hlazo (1952) Central ... "Populism in Rhodesian Politics: N. H. Wilson". The Journal of the Central Africa Historical Association. V6: 58. 1975. ... Wilson was co-founder of the Capricorn Africa Society and chairman of its African Affairs Committee until 1954. He also founded ...
Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 30 May 2007. Wright, Donald (2004). The World and a Very Small Place in Africa: A ... Alfa Shaban, Abdur Rahman (19 January 2017). "Why Africa's 'smiling coast' is officially referred to as 'The' Gambia". Africa ... Godfrey Mwakikagile, The Gambia and Its People: Ethnic Identities and Cultural Integration in Africa, New Africa Press, 2010, ... is a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa, and is surrounded by Senegal, except for its ...
"Africa: Malawi". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 24 March 2017. Igunza, Emmanuel (20 February 2015 ...
French central Africa. Le Pays des Hollis et les régions voisines: Mission scientifique de l'Afrique occidentale française, ... and explorer of tropical Africa, especially of French colonial empire in Africa that included Côte d'Ivoire. He also explored ... Unlike other botanists who studied the plants of tropical Africa, Chevalier also ranged to the floral regions of the Sahara. In ... Chevalier was a prolific contributor to the knowledge of African plants, studying forest trees and their woods, grasses, and ...
Central America. West Indies. South America 1975................Eastern Hemisphere 2000-2959...........Europe 3001-3496 ... Asia 3501-3975...........Africa 4001-4980...........Australia. Oceania 5051-7999............Subject bibliography. Subjects ...
"Central Africa Republic". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved May 30, 2011. "Wilton Wendell Blancke". U.S. Department of State ... Central African Republic Consulate: Recognized: 1960 Relations established: 1960 Legation/embassy established: 1961 First ... Ambassador Blancke was commissioned to the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon, while resident ... Ambassador Blancke was commissioned to the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon, while resident ...
South Africa. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Namibia. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Tarnus ... From an African view-point, that amounted to consistent expatriation of surplus produced by African labour out of African ... see Europeans in Africa) South Africa (European South African): 7.8% of the population Namibia (European Namibians): 6.5% of ... The territorial boundaries imposed by European colonisers, notably in central Africa and South Asia, defied the existing ...
"AFRICA :: TOGO". CIA.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 March 2020. "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019 ... Togo also is a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), which groups seven West African countries using ... Economy of Africa Economy of Ghana List of Ghanaian companies List of banks in Togo List of companies based in Togo Togo United ... The West African Development Bank (BOAD), which is associated with UEMOA, is based in Lomé. Togo long served as a regional ...
3.2 Africa *3.2.1 South Africa. *3.2.2 Zimbabwe. *3.3 Central America and the Caribbean *3.3.1 Barbados ... South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ...
Henrietta Bell Wells, first African-American woman to participate in debate team in Wiley College and to be a lawyer ... African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 14.42% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or ...
Library: 168 N Edwards Street, Independence, CA 93526; central library is in the courthouse, ground floor. ... African American, 98 (14.6%) Native American, 8 (1.2%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 28 (4.2%) from other races, and 35 ( ...
The one exception is Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, which primarily affects women of African ancestry and may occur ... central centrifugal alopecia, and pseudopelade (Brocq) involves use of anti-inflammatory medications. The goal of treatment is ... central centrifugal alopecia, and pseudopelade (Brocq). Cicatricial alopecias that are due to predominantly neutrophilic ...
Invitation to the African Destubathon[edit]. Hi. You may be interested in participating in the African Destubathon which starts ... Central Television. Cliff Taylor in credited as voice actor in main list of credits. Cliff Taylor is member of EQUITY (British ... Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There ... Even if contests aren't your thing we would be grateful if you could consider destubbing a few African articles during the ...
Fasanmade OA, Odeniyi IA, Ogbera AO (June 2008). "Diabetic ketoacidosis: diagnosis and management". African Journal of Medicine ... and inappropriate regulation of metabolism by the central nervous system.[10] However, not all people with insulin resistance ... Obesity is more common in women than men in many parts of Africa.[29] The nutritional status of a mother during fetal ... of cases in those of European and African descent, and 100% of cases in Pima Indians and Pacific Islanders.[13] Among those who ...
Central African Republic. *Chad. *Comoros. *Democratic Republic of the Congo. *Republic of the Congo ... Trade unions and workplace democracy in Africa (Routledge, 2016).. *Kjellberg, Anders. "The Decline in Swedish Union Density ... As of 2008, there are 11 Central Trade Union Organisations (CTUO) recognized by the Ministry of Labour.[35] The forming of ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ...
Central Defence Academy. *. Joint Services Command and Staff College. Land forces. *. Royal Danish Military Academy ...
In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... London: BioMed Central, 2001 NLM ID: 101088661. *Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Edinburgh; New York : Churchill ... which played the central role in fighting quackery in the United States, abolished its quackery committee and closed down its ...
The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then disappeared as Africa collided with Eurasia in the Turkish-Arabian region ... Guillame, Benjamin; Martinod, Joseph; Husson, Laurent; Roddaz, Martin; Riquelme, Rodrigo (2009). "Neogene uplift of central ... Uplift of East Africa in the late Miocene was partly responsible for the shrinking of tropical rain forests in that region, and ... Approximately 100 species of apes lived during this time, ranging throughout Africa, Asia and Europe and varying widely in size ...
South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book on Amirkabir University of Technology Central library. Israel. * Find this book in the MALMAD Israel Union List ...
The dish ginger beef was invented in the 1970s by chef George Wong at the Silver Inn in Calgary.[8] In central Alberta, which ... South African-born composer Malcolm Forsyth lived in Edmonton from 1968 until his death in 2011. Perhaps his best-known ... A central element of sporting culture in Alberta is the rivalry between teams from Edmonton and Calgary, known as the "Battle ...
Central African Republic, Mauritania, Kenya, Madagascar and Zimbabwe.. ≈ 500,000 in the USA ... Africa. Algeria. Algerian. Ghardaia. Ghana. Adamorobe. Nanabin. Kenya. Kenyan. Mali. Tebul. LaSiMa. Nigeria. Bura. Magannar ... Central and. South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old ...
... with a remarkable regrowth of the Hammar and Hawizeh Marshes and some recovery of the Central Marshes.[23] ... North/East Africa(2.8%): M1 2.8%. *Sub-Saharan Africa(4.9%): L 4.9% ... The western Hammar Marshes and the Qurnah or Central Marshes had become completely desiccated, while the eastern Hawizeh ...
Kawaguchi's recognition outside of Japan has become wider after his appearance as the central character in the documentary ... from Africa to the temperate northern hemisphere. ... These preparations, generated on-site, are central to the ...
Biography of comrade Pol Pot, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. A pamphlet published by ... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... Heuveline's central estimate is 2.52 million excess deaths, of which 1.4 million were the direct result of violence.[313][315] ... At the Central Committee Plenum held in Phnom Penh in September, they agreed that currency would lead to corruption and ...
The RSS portrayed itself as a social movement rather than a political party, and did not play central role many of the Indian ... Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a nationalist leader from the Central Indian province of Maharashtra. He has been widely acclaimed the ...
P. p. bactriana - Bonaparte, 1850: Siberia east to Lake Baikal, south to Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia and Pakistan ... P. mauritanica - Malherbe, 1845: North Africa (Morocco, northern Algeria and Tunisia) (now considered a separate species, the ... Magpies prefer tall trees for their bulky nest, firmly attaching them to a central fork in the upper branches. A framework of ... P. bottanensis - Delessert, 1840: west central China (now considered a separate species, the black-rumped magpie) ...
Central, and East Africa. Francis Kofi[74] and C.K. Ladzekpo[75] document several Ghanaian rhythms that use the triple or duple ... Nketia, Kwabena (1961: 78) African Music in Ghana. Accra: Longmans. *^ Kubik, Gerhard (1999: 54) Africa and the Blues. Jackson ... Cuban music has been popular in sub-Saharan Africa since the mid-twentieth century. To the Africans, clave-based Cuban popular ... a b c Peñalosa, David (2009: 81). The Clave Matrix; Afro-Cuban Rhythm: Its Principles and African Origins. Redway, CA: Bembe ...
Central African Republic. *Chad. *Democratic Republic of the Congo. *Republic of the Congo ...
South Africa[edit]. *University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), BSc(Eng) Aeronautical & MSc (Eng) Aeronautical (Aerospace) ... University of Central Florida (ABET). *University of Cincinnati (ABET). *University of Colorado at Boulder (ABET) ...
"Critical decline in pneumococcal disease and antibiotic resistance in South Africa". NICD. Retrieved 20 July 2015.. ... S. pneumoniae played a central role in demonstrating that genetic material consists of DNA. In 1928, Frederick Griffith ...
You may be right that a similar event in Africa or Central Asia may not receive as much international attention, but that's not ... syndicated) article from South Africa). -- tariqabjotu 03:26, 15 December 2006 (UTC) *SA is Anglophone and has close ties to ... And it happens all the damn time, whether here in the western world or in South Africa. This is common. There is absolutely no ... It may be common place for people to go around killing large numbers of people in South Africa but it most certainly isn't in ...
Central Galician: Mindoniense area, Lucu-auriense area, Central Transitional area, and Eastern Transitional area. ... African Portuguese; the Galician-Portuguese still spoken in Spanish Extremadura, Fala; and other dialects. ... animal); central and western Galician animás; eastern Galician animais; Asturian Galician animales (/l/ is preserved).[41] ... Later, in the eastern-except Ancarese Galician-and central blocks, the nasal trait was lost, while in the west the nasal trait ...
Chatterji, SK (1921). "Bengali Phonetics". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 2: 1. doi:10.1017/ ... "The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.. ... The Central Shaheed Minar in Dhaka commemorates the Bengali Language Movement. UNESCO commemorates the movement as ... What is accepted as the standard form today in both West Bengal and Bangladesh is based on the West-Central dialect of Nadia ...
Țări după continent: Africa · America de Nord · America de Sud · Asia · Europa · Oceania ...
In "central sensitization," nociceptive neurons in the dorsal horns of the spinal cord become sensitized by peripheral tissue ... Barnes KC, Grant AV, Hansel NN, Gao P, Dunston GM (2007). "African Americans with asthma: genetic insights". Proc Am Thorac Soc ... The changes of central sensitization occur after repeated trials to pain. Research from animals has consistently shown that ... Ji RR, Kohno T, Moore KA, Woolf CJ (2003). "Central sensitization and LTP: Do pain and memory share similar mechanisms?". ...
Africa: Gen Thomas D. Waldhauser, USMC. Central: GEN Joseph Votel, USA. European: GEN Curtis Scaparrotti, USA. Northern: Gen ...
Central Committee (19th) General Secretary (list) Xi Jinping. *Central Politburo (19th) Standing Committee (list) ... China-Africa relations. *China-Caribbean relations. *China-European Union relations. *China-Pacific relations ... Central Leading Group for Inspection Work Leader: Zhao Leji. *Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military ... Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Leader: Han Zheng. *HK & Macau Affairs Office Director: Zhang Xiaoming. ...
Marloth, Rudolf (1913-1932). The Flora of South Africa: With Synopical Tables of the Genera of the Higher Plants. 6 vols. Cape ... Pinnately dissected to the central vein, but with the leaflets not entirely separate; for example, Polypodium, some Sorbus ( ... Verdcourt, Bernard; Bridson, Diane M. (1991). Flora of tropical East Africa - Rubiaceae Volume 3. CRC Press. ISBN 978-90-6191- ... Central midrib with no lateral veins (microphyllous), seen in the non-seed bearing tracheophytes, such as horsetails. ...
... the Central African CFA franc. The African Development Bank defines Central Africa as Cameroon, the Central African Republic, ... are also found in Central Africa, such as the Gbaya, Banda and Zande, in northern Central Africa. Notable Central African supra ... Some major ethnic groups in Central Africa are as follows: Geography portal Africa portal British Central Africa Protectorate ( ... Central Africa also includes many Nilo-Saharan and Niger-Congo Ubangian communities: in north western Central Africa the Nilo- ...
"Central Africa Party Splits in Three Factions", Africa Report, Volumes 5-7, 1960 "Liberal Party for Northern Rhodesia" The ... The Central Africa Party was a multi-racial political party in Northern Rhodesia, Nyasaland and Southern Rhodesia. The CAP was ... In Southern Rhodesia it continued under the Central Africa Party name. It put forward 14 candidates for the December 1962 ... Africa Report, Volumes 5-7 1960, African-American Institute, plxx The Last Great Fight The Spectator, 21 May 1959 Bizeck Jube ...
... and the Convergence Plan of the Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC). In 2001, a new forestry law was adopted (law 016/ ... The Ministry of Water and Forests developed these guidelines for sustainable management in close collaboration with the African ...
... instrument captured a look at huge numbers of fires burning and the resulting smoke in central Africa on June 27, 2017. ...
British Central Africa. Br Med J 1908; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2471.1143 (Published 09 May 1908) Cite this as: Br ...
Central African Republic. The Central African Empire (French: Empire centrafricain) was a short-lived and self-proclaimed last ... Bokassas full title was "Emperor of Central Africa by the Will of the Central African People, United within the National ... This operations success effectively ended the Central African Empire and reintroduced the Central African Republic. ... Making sense of the Central African Republic. ISBN 978-1-78360-381-7. . OCLC 1004968881.. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors ...
African protected areas are the principal safeguard for Africas rich biodiversity.. Key African protected area issues include: ... There are a number of protected area projects managed by regional and country offices in West & Central Africa and there is a ... However, this is not the case in West and Central Africa and protected area strategies based around Tourism are less likely to ... There are increasing efforts in Western and Central Africa to link the WCPA network with the activities of the IUCN regional ...
... New US law targets the Lords Resistance Army and supports the groups victims ... It must take steps with governments in the region to curb atrocities and to ensure the rule of law in central Africa. ... The situation in northeastern Congo and the Central African Republic, where the LRA is currently based, is dire. The Lords ... www.hrw.org/news/2010/09/01/ending-rebel-violence-central-africa ... Act to End Lords Resistance Army Violence in Central Africa ...
Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2020 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web design agency - Zebedee & APDA. ...
Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2017 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
Nine countries share a border with the DRC, one of the biggest and most troubled nations in Africa -- and the theatre of two ... Across central Africa, a belt of countries is casting a wary eye at the political crisis brewing in the Democratic Republic of ... DR Congo crisis stirs concerns in central Africa. Samir Tounsi with correspondents in AFP bureaux in Central Africa ... The leaders of six southern and central African countries -- Angola, Republic of Congo, the DRC, Gabon, Rwanda and South Africa ...
A quarter of the votes in the Central African Republic s elections had been counted as of 04 January 2016, with Faustin ... Former prime minister Faustin Archange Touadera was in the lead to become the Central African Republic s next president, ... France will stop military operations in the Central African Republic later in 2016 after Frances defense minister said March ... France on 31 October 2016 formally ended a peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic, hailing it a success despite ...
Central African (plural Central Africans). *A person from Central Africa (the Central African Republic) or of Central African ... or pertaining to the Central African Republic.. Translations[edit]. Of, from, or pertaining to Central Africa or the Central ... Of, from, or pertaining to Central Africa or to the Central African people. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Central_African&oldid=44164173" ...
"Central African Republic Situation Report No. 9 (as of 28 March 2013)". 28 March 2013. IPIS Map CAR V3 Les Peuhls Mbororo de ... Nola is the capital of Sangha-Mbaéré, an economic prefecture of the Central African Republic. It is located at the confluence ... page 38 KIMBERLEY PROCESS DECLARES THREE MORE ZONES IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR) AS COMPLIANT ZONES, 27 September 2016 ...
Catalogue: Central Africa. Keywords: Central Africa, africa, africana, afrique, central africa, centralafrika, central africa, ... Catalogue: Central Africa. Keywords: Central Africa, africa, african, afrique, afrika, travel, exploration, central africa, ... Catalogue: Central Africa. Keywords: Central Africa, africa, afrika, african, afrique, travel, exploration, central africa, ... Keywords: Central Africa, africa, afrique, afrika, african, travel, exploration, western africa, eastern africa, central africa ...
Weather for UK, Ireland and the world. Sailing, Marine Weather, Weather maps, radar, satellite, climate, historic weather data, information about meteorology, reports, weather warning.
For information about our work in the Central African Republic:. *For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims ... For up-to-date information about our programmes and operations in the Central African Republic, including funding level and ... For information about our operation in Central African Republic, please contact us through our Headquarters in Geneva, ... Aged 28, Paul has been forced to flee violence in the Central Africa Republic twice. ...
The Central African Republic Bush War[4] was a civil war in the Central African Republic between Union of Democratic Forces for ... "Bush war leaves Central African villages deserted". Reuters. Bodouli, Central African Republic.. ... Texts of the peace agreements for Central African Republic, UN Peacemaker. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central African Republic Bush War.. Wikinews has related news: * UFDR rebels seize ...
Elephant meat is flooding food markets in villages near a famed wildlife reserve in Central African Republic one month after ... in Central African Republic. Elephant meat is flooding food markets in villages near a famed wildlife reserve in Central ... Central African Republics forest elephants have faced growing threats in recent years from Sudanese hunters on horseback who ... "Elephant poaching is on the increase and given the fact that Central African Republic for the moment is also in dire straits we ...
African Union Economic Community of Central African States. Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa National ... OHCHR , English , Countries , Africa Region , OHCHR - Central Africa Regional Office (2008-2009) ... Central Africa. 2010-2011. 2008-2009. 2006-2007. (Yaounde, Cameroon) Nouvelle route Bastos. Rue 1705, Numéro 606. B.P. 836. ... In the Central African Republic, the Centre will provide support to the human rights component of the United Nations Peace- ...
Central Intelligence Agency. Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505. You can also mail a letter to a U.S. Embassy or ... Sub-Saharan African migrants came to Algeria after its civil war to work in agriculture and mining. In the 2000s, a wave of ... Central Intelligence Agency. The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.. *Report Information ... largest country in Africa but 80% desert; canyons and caves in the southern Hoggar Mountains and in the barren Tassili nAjjer ...
African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Euro-African 0.2%, Indian 0.08%, European 0.06% ... 1 state-run TV station supplemented by private TV station; Portuguese state TVs African service, RTP Africa, and Brazilian- ... South Africa has placed military units to assist police operations along the border of Lesotho, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to ... southern African transit point for South Asian hashish and heroin, and South American cocaine probably destined for the ...
... particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. ... Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, ... The UN Shouldnt Fail the Central African Republic. Lewis Mudge ... Explore Africa. Central African Republic. Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between ... THE UNRAVELLING: The Central African Republic Crisis. The Unravelling: Journey Through The Central African Republic Crisis ...
Gorillas may soon go extinct across much of central Africa, due in part to Chinese timber demand, the ape-meat trade, and ... Gorillas may soon go extinct across much of central Africa, a new United Nations report says. Among the threats are surges in ... Gorillas Extinct in Ten Years in Central Africa?. Rise in Chinese timber demand, ape-meat eating, and mining blamed. ... the Congo Basin covers much of central Africa and has traditionally been a rain forest refuge for gorillas and other apes. ...
HP Privacy Central Information about HPs online privacy policies, practices, binding corporate rules, personal data rights, ... Country/Region : South Africa. HP Worldwide. popUpSRBeginingLabelString. Select Your Country/Region and Language. Click or use ...
... and theres a voluntary disarmament coming up in Central African Republic. ... American multimedia freelance journalist Ricci Shryock reports from the Republic of Senegal in West Africa, pop. 13,567,338 ( ... Global Neighbours - West and Central Africa. From Nights, 7:17 pm on 4 June 2014 ... and theres a voluntary disarmament coming up in Central African Republic. ...
Most of the countries in west and central Africa have conducted annual NIDs since 1996. Despite the progress achieved by these ... The synchronization of NIDs in west and central Africa during 2000 and early 2001 is expected to reduce and eventually ... Experiences during this campaign will be useful in planning and implementing synchronized NIDs in central Africa, which are ... Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication --- West and Central Africa, 1999--2000. In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the ...
Nigeria is currently experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox in West Africa. ... Nigeria is currently experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox in West Africa. ... Monkeypox Cases in West Africa and Central Africa. Since the global eradication of smallpox, monkeypox has emerged as the most ... Human monkeypox is a viral zoonosis that occurs in West Africa and Central Africa. Most cases are reported from Democratic ...
The Central African Republic is one of the worlds poorest countries. UNHCR is helping people affected by the violence and ... The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the worlds poorest countries and has been among the 10 most under-reported ... Aged 28, Paul has been forced to flee violence in the Central Africa Republic twice. ... hundreds of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes as violence spread in the Central African Republic (CAR), with ...
Latest news and videos from the World Banks work in Central African Republic, including press releases, loans and credits, ...
  • Associated Press writer Jose Richard Pouamba in Bangui, Central African Republic, contributed to this report. (yahoo.com)
  • Sale of Sapelli caterpillars at a market in Bangui, Central African Republic. (fao.org)
  • Two people were fatally shot, according to the African Union-led peacekeeping force, known as MISCA, when peacekeepers opened fire as their base came under attack in Bangui. (cnn.com)
  • Famed in colonial times as one of the most agreeable cities in equatorial Africa, Bangui blends wooded hills and grassy meadows with heavily populated shantytowns, a handsome if now somewhat run-down city centre, and modern residential districts. (britannica.com)
  • The Archbishop of Bangui, Cardinal Dieudonne Nzapalainga, on Monday recounted the horrors of weeks of violence which left some 60 dead in the Central African Republic region of Alindao. (news24.com)
  • Central African Republic has faced deadly interreligious and intercommunal fighting since 2013, when predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power in the capital, Bangui. (yahoo.com)
  • The May 2015 Bangui Forum had recognized that efforts to address long-standing impunity for perpetrators of serious violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights law, including through transitional justice mechanisms, were key to reconciliation in the Central African Republic. (ohchr.org)
  • UN human rights staff in the Central African Republic also conducted a mission to Boda, a town about 100 kilometres west of Bangui, where 92 people were reportedly killed between 30 January and 5 February in tit-for-tat attacks on religious grounds. (ohchr.org)
  • BANGUI, Central African Republic - Central African Republic's newly elected president is to be sworn into office today, an important landmark for the long volatile country. (foxnews.com)
  • BANGUI, Central African Republic, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- The number of parties to recent conflicts in the Central African Republic has made humanitarian missions there "very complex," the ICRC said. (upi.com)
  • Bangui, Central African Republic (CNN) -- Two French soldiers sent to the Central African Republic as part of an international peacekeeping mission have been killed, the French presidency said Tuesday. (cnn.com)
  • Bangui - Witnesses say heavy gunfire erupted overnight in the capital of Central African Republic. (news24.com)
  • A newly enlisted Central African Armed Forces soldier stabs the lifeless body of a suspected Muslim Seleka militiaman moments after Central African Republic Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza addressed the troops in Bangui, Feb. 5, 2014. (smore.com)
  • Residents take cover as heavy gunfire erupts in the Miskin district of Bangui, Central African Republic, Monday Feb. 3, 2014. (smore.com)
  • The African Development Bank defines Central Africa as Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have occurred in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone and in captive chimpanzees in Cameroon. (cdc.gov)
  • The Central African Republic is roughly the size of France and is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the north and east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west. (britannica.com)
  • In July 2018, HEC Paris opened a representative office in Abidjan to consolidate its position in the Côte d'Ivoire and in other Western & Central African countries like Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Togo, and Senegal. (hec.edu)
  • 22 March 2020, Johannesburg - This World Water Day, the nexus of coal, water security, and air pollution is at the centre of the discussion for Greenpeace Africa. (greenpeace.org)
  • Updated Polio in Africa March 09, 2020 There are polio outbreaks in several countries in Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • A quarter of the votes in the Central African Republic s elections had been counted as of 04 January 2016, with Faustin Archange Touadera, who served as prime minister under long-running President Francois Bozize, the current favorite of thirty candidates. (globalsecurity.org)
  • France will stop military operations in the Central African Republic later in 2016 after France's defense minister said March 30, 2016 its objectives had been achieved. (globalsecurity.org)
  • In February 2016 armed Fulani (Peulh) herders, at times supported by ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka fighters, attacked civilians along a corridor used for the seasonal movement of livestock in the central regions, leading to temporary mass displacement of populations in the towns of Kouango, Kaga Bandoro, and Batangafo. (globalsecurity.org)
  • 2016 Etisalat Pan-African prize for literature: call for entries. (bizcommunity.com)
  • The Mapping Project started on 11 May 2016, coinciding with the first official National Remembrance Day for the victims of the conflicts in the Central African Republic (CAR), and was completed in one year. (ohchr.org)
  • Candidates Faustin Touadera and Anicet Dologuele received enough voter support to advance to a second round of the Central African Republic's presidential race, results released 01 January 2015 showed. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Now the political chaos unleashed by a rebellion that overthrew Central African Republic's president of a decade has enabled elephant poachers to further their slaughter. (yahoo.com)
  • Central African Republic's forest elephants have faced growing threats in recent years from Sudanese hunters on horseback who are making their way further and further south. (yahoo.com)
  • Thousands of angry protesters poured into the streets of the Central African Republic's capital Friday. (cnn.com)
  • The remaining two-thirds of the terrain drains southward into the Ubangi River, which forms the Central African Republic's southern border with Congo (Kinshasa). (britannica.com)
  • The Central African Republic's government has called for the lifting of the arms embargo. (yahoo.com)
  • Six of those states (Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon) are also members of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) and share a common currency, the Central African CFA franc. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Zagato and Holl, there is evidence of iron-smelting in the Central African Republic and Cameroon that may date back to 3000 to 2500 BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • At its height it encompassed an area covering not only much of Chad, but also parts of modern southern Libya, eastern Niger, northeastern Nigeria, northern Cameroon, parts of South Sudan and the Central African Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cameroon is sometimes described as 'Africa in miniature' because it exhibits all the major climates and vegetation of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savanna grassland, and ocean coast land. (care2.com)
  • We are going to the African Nation of Cameroon. (care2.com)
  • Fact 1: Cameroon is the first African country to reach the quarter-final in soccer world cup. (care2.com)
  • Fact 7: Cameroon has the tallest mountain in West Africa, Mount Cameroon. (care2.com)
  • The poachers are used to killing elephants in savannah terrain though experts say they are increasingly adapting their methods to hunt elephants in the forest terrain of southern Central African Republic and in neighboring Cameroon. (yahoo.com)
  • In the Central African Republic, the Centre will provide support to the human rights component of the United Nations Peace-building Office (BONUCA) in informationgathering initiatives and public reporting, and will facilitate contacts with international organizations based in Central Africa,mainly in Cameroon. (ohchr.org)
  • The number of confirmed polio cases in the West Africa Region, Cameroon, and Chad decreased from 1309 in 1999 to 879 in 2000. (cdc.gov)
  • To maximize the number of susceptible children reached during NIDs, 14 contiguous countries in the West Africa Region and Cameroon and Chad conducted synchronized NIDs against polio during October and November 2000 and January 2001. (cdc.gov)
  • UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Illicit trafficking of diamonds from Central African Republic into neighboring Cameroon is helping finance the continuation of a nearly three-year conflict, an expert panel that monitors U.N. sanctions said in a confidential report. (reuters.com)
  • Middle Africa is an analogous term used by the United Nations in its geoscheme for Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gorillas may soon go extinct across much of central Africa, a new United Nations report says. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The U.N. Security Council voted Friday to slightly ease the arms embargo against the Central African Republic, with Russia and China abstaining because they wanted a greater easing of the weapons ban to help the government's forces combat armed groups and protect the population. (yahoo.com)
  • The United Nations will do "everything in its power" to prevent further atrocities in the Central African Republic, a top UN official said on Thursday at the end of a three-day visit. (independent.co.ug)
  • 8 January 2014 - A United Nations human rights expert today called for urgent protection and increased assistance to the growing number of persons displaced by violence in the Central African Republic. (un.org)
  • It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community to bring peace and development to Africa. (un.org)
  • The Ministry of Water and Forests developed these guidelines for sustainable management in close collaboration with the African Timber Organization (ATO), the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) and the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). (fao.org)
  • The UN Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa was established in 2001 pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 54/55 A of 1 December 1999, at the request of Member States of the Economic Community of Central African States to strengthen security, stability and development in Central Africa by promoting respect for human rights and democracy. (ohchr.org)
  • The adoption of the High Commissioner's Strategic Management Plan for 2006-2007 led to the development of a three-year strategy for the Centre (2007-2009) aimed at strengthening collaboration with the UN Country Teams and ECCAS Member States, and building fruitful partnerships with national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, the media and the diplomatic community to promote and protect human rights and democracy in Central Africa. (ohchr.org)
  • Sponsored by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, the original survey led to a second, more in-depth study, funded by the West and Central African Centre for Agricultural Research and Development (WECARD), to analyse the capacity to apply agri-biotechnology for food security in West and Central Africa. (scidev.net)
  • A new category for the 2012 Loeries , 'Rest of Africa and the Middle East', will be officially launched on Thursday 19 April 2012 at 6pm at the Sierra Lounge, 2nd Floor, Yaya Centre, Argwings Khodek Road in Nairobi, Kenya. (bizcommunity.com)
  • Central African Republic , landlocked country located in the centre of Africa . (britannica.com)
  • South Africa's President Jacob Zuma gestures during his opening address at the African National Congress 5th National Policy Conference at the Nasrec Expo Centre in Soweto, South Africa June 30, 2017. (reuters.com)
  • The MIKE structure is now in place in Southern Africa and has yet to be established in each of the remaining subregions in Africa (Central Africa, West Africa and East Africa). (cites.org)
  • There has not been any MIKE activity in East Africa so far. (cites.org)
  • Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. (hrw.org)
  • Back in December 2013, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes as violence spread in the Central African Republic (CAR), with armed groups controlling parts of the country. (unhcr.org)
  • Worsening militant violence across the region has seen aid workers attacked on nearly 200 occasions in Central African Republic, more than 115 in Mali and about 75 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, U.N. agencies and humanitarian groups said. (reuters.com)
  • Central African Republic is the most troubling country in the region in terms of attacks on aid workers and civilians - and the situation is likely to worsen as militant violence intensifies - according to several civil society groups. (reuters.com)
  • The mainstream media has portrayed the violence in the Central African Republic as emanating solely from the Christians, generally without noting that they were reacting to initial persecution from the Muslims. (jihadwatch.org)
  • Violence flared when armed groups attacked the central town on November 15. (news24.com)
  • Nov. 18 - Violence broke out during a demonstration in Central African Republic Sunday as protestors rallied against the killing of a former government official. (reuters.com)
  • Pope Francis has brought fresh hopes of peace to the war-ravaged Central African Republic, with Christians and Muslims praising his decision to name Bangui's archbishop a cardinal as a step to ending sectarian violence. (independent.co.ug)
  • Violence has raged in the Central African Republic since a coalition of rebels deposed President Francois Bozize in March, the latest in a series of coups since the nation gained independence. (cnn.com)
  • Central African Republic erupted into sectarian violence in late 2013. (news24.com)
  • Central African Republic has been wracked by inter-communal violence since Muslim Séléka militias seized power after ousting President François Bozizé in March 2013. (smore.com)
  • In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners, ministries of health, and orthopoxvirus experts to review and discuss human monkeypox in African countries where cases have been recently detected and also identify components of surveillance and response that need improvement. (cdc.gov)
  • Each of the 50 volumes will be available to buy individually, and these are organized into regional sub-groups: East Central Africa, North-Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, West Central Africa, Western Africa, and Central Africa Belgian Congo. (routledge.com)
  • The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world's poorest countries and has been among the 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises for 5 years in a row. (unhcr.org)
  • CAR is one of the poorest countries in Africa, despite its considerable mineral resources. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The Central African Republic that is one of the poorest countries in the world and among the ten poorest countries in Africa . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The basin of Lake Chad has historically been ecologically significant to the populations of Central Africa, especially with the Lake Chad Basin Commission serving as an important supra-regional organization in Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Explore this page to read more about populations most affected by HIV , testing and counselling , prevention programmes , antiretroviral treatment availability , civil society's role , HIV and tuberculosis (TB) , barriers to the response , funding , and the future of HIV in West and Central Africa . (avert.org)
  • During the same period, a much smaller number of Bantu -speaking immigrants settled in southwestern CAR and some Central Sudanic-speaking populations settled along the Oubangi River. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • He also "reiterates his full confidence in the French forces deployed alongside African forces to restore security in the Central African Republic, protect civilian populations and ensure access to humanitarian aid. (cnn.com)
  • Kinshasa (AFP) - Across central Africa, a belt of countries is casting a wary eye at the political crisis brewing in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), fearing the impact on their security and economy if the situation explodes. (yahoo.com)
  • The leaders of six southern and central African countries -- Angola, Republic of Congo, the DRC, Gabon, Rwanda and South Africa -- will "in principle" meet in Luanda on June 17, an informed source in Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of Congo, told AFP. (yahoo.com)
  • The Sahara desert stretches across Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad before transitioning into a belt of dry grasslands called 'The Sahel'… and into savanna and tropical forests stretching from Senegal in the west to the heart of Africa, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • On November 12th the first wave of a 3-million-people polio immunization campaign starts in Ponte Noire, as well as in the Department of Kouilou, Republic of Congo, and 16 districts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Angola, the World Health Organization (WHO), Africa announced today. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Play media Central Africa is a subregion of the African continent comprising various countries according to different definitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes the same countries as the African Development Bank's definition, along with Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nine countries share a border with the DRC, one of the biggest and most troubled nations in Africa -- and the theatre of two wars in the late 1990s and early 2000s that sucked in countries around the region and led to the deaths of three million people. (yahoo.com)
  • Most countries in Central Africa have ratified the key human rights treaties and made public pledges to implement them domestically, although much remains to be done in terms of transforming international obligations into domestic law. (ohchr.org)
  • Stretching from the Atlantic Coast to the East African countries of Burundi and Rwanda ( regional map ), the Congo Basin covers much of central Africa and has traditionally been a rain forest refuge for gorillas and other apes. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In 2000, poliovirus was isolated from 24 countries, 13 in the African Region of WHO (AFR). (cdc.gov)
  • Most of the countries in west and central Africa have conducted annual NIDs since 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1995, synchronized mass campaigns conducted by 18 countries from the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Caucasus regions (MECACAR) achieved high vaccination coverage. (cdc.gov)
  • South Africa this week began sending about 400 troops to help stabilise CAR, while forces from neighbouring countries were also sent. (bbc.co.uk)
  • 8 November 2004, Rome -- Edible insects, like caterpillars and grubs, are important sources of protein and should be considered an alternative in efforts to increase food security in central African countries, FAO said today. (fao.org)
  • Transborder trade in edible insects is significant not only within Central African countries, but also with Sudan and Nigeria. (fao.org)
  • This report follows a survey of seven countries of West and Central Africa, assessing the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for the application of biotechnology in the subregion. (scidev.net)
  • Central African Republic is without doubt one of the most dangerous countries for aid workers," said Joseph Inganji, OCHA's country director. (reuters.com)
  • Following periods of civil strife and dictatorial government, including the infamous regime of the self-styled Emperor Bokassa I (who renamed the country the Central African Empire), the country embarked on a course of democracy that was threatened, at the end of the 20th century, by interethnic civil war in neighbouring countries as well as by attempted coups d'état. (britannica.com)
  • An increase in urban outbreaks of yellow fever since the 1980s led to resumed vaccination of children in 2005 in West African countries most at risk, and a stockpile of 6 million doses of vaccine managed by the WHO. (newscientist.com)
  • The facility will give African scientists access to state-of-the-art biosciences laboratories and training, which are expected to help reduce the brain drain of scientists from the region to developed countries. (scidev.net)
  • The poor economic status of many countries in West and Central Africa has hindered the investment that is necessary for expanding HIV services. (avert.org)
  • It is located in the heart of Africa and is surrounded by six countries. (worldatlas.com)
  • Oil palm and rubber plantations are very similar in many respects, but there is something that clearly differentiates them: oil palm is a native species in many West African countries -and part of the culture of local peoples- while. (wrm.org.uy)
  • In many African countries expansion projects are happening and plans are announced. (wrm.org.uy)
  • The Central African Republic is classified as one of the world's least developed countries, with a 2008 annual per capita income of $700 (purchasing power parity). (traveldocs.com)
  • Meanwhile, as forces from other African countries and France work to restore security, the United States will support their efforts to protect civilians," Obama said. (cnn.com)
  • Due to the risk of Polio virus transmission in Central African Republic, all residents or long-term visitors (4 weeks or more) coming from Polio-affected countries should be prepared to present a valid International Vaccination Certificate proving they were vaccinated with Oral Polio Vaccine or Inactivated Polio Vaccine between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to entry. (iamat.org)
  • Other scientists present observed that many of their African colleagues have left the continent for well-paid jobs in Europe and North America. (scidev.net)
  • By the 1970s mosquito control and vaccination had cut yellow fever to very low levels across tropical and subtropical Africa and South America. (newscientist.com)
  • Substantial progress in polio eradication occurred during 1999--2000 in west and central Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • The synchronization of NIDs in west and central Africa during 2000 and early 2001 is expected to reduce and eventually eliminate wild poliovirus transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • Since the beginning of the 1990s, Gabon is fully engaged in the process of sustainable management of its forest resources through the commitment to the Year 2000 Objective of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) and the Convergence Plan of the Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC). (fao.org)
  • There are a number of protected area projects managed by regional and country offices in West & Central Africa and there is a need to better integrate the activities of WCPA with the implementation of those projects. (iucn.org)
  • However, this is not the case in West and Central Africa and protected area strategies based around Tourism are less likely to be successful. (iucn.org)
  • There is considerable legislation relating to protected areas in West and Central Africa at national levels, however a large percentage of this legislation is out of date, and, in many cases, lacks the sufficient resources and mechanisms to ensure effective implementation. (iucn.org)
  • Donor support, while significant, has largely failed to stem the tide of biodiversity loss in West and Central Africa. (iucn.org)
  • In West and Central Africa it is important that donor support encourage such systems. (iucn.org)
  • Developments in West and Central Africa, such as in the W National Park, should be encouraged and expanded. (iucn.org)
  • American multimedia freelance journalist Ricci Shryock reports from the Republic of Senegal in West Africa, pop. (radionz.co.nz)
  • Human monkeypox is a viral zoonosis that occurs in West Africa and Central Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • Nigeria is currently experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox in West Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • With 80 confirmed cases, Nigeria is currently experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox in West Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • There is some progress in West Africa. (cites.org)
  • DAKAR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - West and Central Africa is the most volatile region in the world for aid workers, accounting for more than half of attacks on humanitarians worldwide this year, aid agencies said on Friday. (reuters.com)
  • So far this year, 82 humanitarians worldwide have been killed and 64 have been wounded or kidnapped - with 18 of the dead and attacked respectively being based in West and Central Africa - according to the Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD). (reuters.com)
  • For the intrepid traveler, West and Central Africa presents exciting new places to explore. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • We're headed now to West & Central Africa. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • If you're looking for variety and an original travel experience, then you've come to the right place - West and Central Africa. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Despite a relatively low HIV prevalence across West and Central Africa, only around 65% of people living with HIV in the region are aware of their status, which means that half of all HIV positive people are not accessing treatment. (avert.org)
  • Insufficient antiretroviral treatment provision means that a fifth of all AIDS-related deaths in the world each year occur in West and Central Africa. (avert.org)
  • West and Central Africa is home to 5 million people living with HIV, of whom 450,000 are children. (avert.org)
  • 5 Overall, it is estimated that 3.4 million 0-17-year-olds in West and Central Africa have been orphaned by AIDS since the epidemic began. (avert.org)
  • Women in West and Central Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV, with 2.8 million adult women living with HIV compared to 1.8 million adult men. (avert.org)
  • 12 West and Central Africa's HIV epidemic is driven by heterosexual sex. (avert.org)
  • Every day, UNAIDS estimates that around 160 young women in West and Central Africa acquire HIV. (avert.org)
  • West Africa became known as "the white mans graveyard" . (frontline.org.za)
  • Oil palm is a traditional native crop for West and Central African communities, who are used to either plant them on their lands or to collect fruits, leaves or sap. (wrm.org.uy)
  • A video produced by GRAIN shows how rural women in West Africa are working to protect traditional palm oil production in the face of the destructive expansion of industrial oil palm plantations. (wrm.org.uy)
  • This fall, the HEC representative office in West and Central Africa supported the promotion of the Executive MBA and Masters programs at HEC Paris. (hec.edu)
  • Travel west to downtown Alexandria, the Arna Bontemps African American Heritage Museum was home to one of Louisiana's most prolific African American writers. (louisianatravel.com)
  • The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major economic and development challenges facing Africa today. (un.org)
  • The country is typical of those territories put together by the Berlin Conference on Africa, with few features compelling its existence as a state. (angelfire.com)
  • Despite a rare peaceful transition of power and relatively peaceful elections in the Central African Republic, the country remained insecure, unstable, and beset by serious human rights violations. (hrw.org)
  • The Seleka rebels have since been forced from power, but Christian and Muslim militias have continued to clash despite the presence of French and African peacekeepers in the country. (cnn.com)
  • The armed group, which is predominantly Muslim, controls eight districts in the east of the Central African Republic, creating a de facto division of the country. (cnn.com)
  • Central African Republic (CAR) descended into chaos in March 2013 when predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power, triggering reprisals by "anti-balaka" Christian militias who drove tens of thousands of Muslims from the south in a de facto partition of the landlocked country. (reuters.com)
  • That's precisely the situation brewing in the Central African Republic, where ongoing political fighting that erupted late in 2012 and intensified last December has plunged the country into chaos and devastated the health system. (nature.com)
  • The inauguration was attended by Kenya's minister for agriculture Kipruto arap Kirwa who called on African states to share the continent's few scientific facilities to research solutions to problems facing Africa, rather than setting up costly facilities in each country. (scidev.net)
  • Acting U.S. Deputy Ambassador Cherith Norman Chalet expressed deep concern after the vote that Russia's ambassador to Central African Republic had publicly stated that council members that disagreed with Moscow's position opposed peace in the country and were against the interests of its people. (yahoo.com)
  • France's Deputy Ambassador Anne Gueguen told the council after the vote that "against a security backdrop which is still unstable" it's important that the council assist Central African authorities toward meeting the benchmarks, which is "a key element for enduring peace and security" in the country. (yahoo.com)
  • Niger's U.N. Ambassador Abdou Abarry, speaking on behalf of the three African council members including South Africa and Tunisia, said the resolution "will pave the way for armed forces to reequip themselves so they can regain control over the entire country and push back the armed groups that continue to threaten peace and security. (yahoo.com)
  • This outline map shows the entire country of the Central African Republic. (worldatlas.com)
  • Intense fighting in the Central African Republic killed at least 40 people Tuesday and injured dozens more, dashing hopes for stability in the strife-torn country the day after the signing of a ceasefire deal. (independent.co.ug)
  • The Central African Republic (CAR) is to take legal action against French soldiers accused of exchanging paedophile sex for food during the French military operation in the country. (rfi.fr)
  • The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa , roughly the size of France . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • At 240,519 square miles (622,984 sq km), the Central African Republic is the world's 43rd-largest country (after Somalia ). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The country has some of the highest densities of lowland gorillas and forest elephants in Africa. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • This August, we revealed that the LRA had abducted more than 697 adults and children over the past 18 months in another largely unreported campaign, this time in the Central African Republic and part of neighboring Congo. (hrw.org)
  • The situation in northeastern Congo and the Central African Republic, where the LRA is currently based, is dire. (hrw.org)
  • The Central African Republic occupies an immense rolling plateau that forms, along a crest that trends southwest to northeast, the major drainage divide between the Lake Chad and Congo River basins. (britannica.com)
  • This report aims to draw attention to violations and threats that environmental justice defenders in Central Africa are facing, specifically in the Congo Basin. (wrm.org.uy)
  • In an unprecedented move, last week the World Health Organization announced that experimental evidence shows the vaccine can be diluted fivefold to make stocks stretch further, in a bid to control the outbreak in Africa. (newscientist.com)
  • Since the outbreak of Covid-19, around 500 students have stayed on the HEC Paris campus in Jouy-en-Josas, where they have had to respect France's official quarantine rules. (hec.edu)
  • Dozens of food bags fall from the sky in an emergency air drop over the Central African Republic where thousands of people have fled into remote areas to escape an outbreak of conflict. (wfp.org)
  • The C.A.R. Government has adopted the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) Charter of Investment, and is in the process of adopting a new labor code. (traveldocs.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Africa's ruling African National Congress has re-triggered market concern about the independence of the Reserve Bank after reports it had agreed at its policy conference on Wednesday that the central bank should be nationalised. (reuters.com)
  • Bokassa attempted to justify his actions by claiming that creating a monarchy would help Central Africa "stand out" from the rest of the continent, and earn the world's respect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 14% of the world's population and by 2030, the region's population will surpass that of China. (bizcommunity.com)
  • Nola is the capital of Sangha-Mbaéré, an economic prefecture of the Central African Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid-1990s. (cia.gov)
  • The top UN official for the Central African Republic, Margaret Vogt, said the ceasefire agreement, witnessed by the regional grouping Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) - was to come into force within 72 hours of being signed. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Of, from, or pertaining to Central Africa or to the Central African people. (wiktionary.org)
  • In November 2004, at least 20 people were killed in a raid on the remote town of Birao in the north-east of the Central African Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elephant poaching is on the increase and given the fact that Central African Republic for the moment is also in dire straits we are fearing for the worst in terms of people trying to look seriously for ivory," said Bas Huijbregts, head of policy for WWF's campaign against poaching in Central Africa. (yahoo.com)
  • Since 2013, the Central African Republic has experienced a major political crisis which has resulted in a violent conflict that has affected nearly the entire population and has left some 2.3 million people, over half the population, in dire need of assistance. (oxfam.org)
  • Meanwhile, some 1.8 billion people in Asia live with Aedes mosquitoes, so would be vulnerable if yellow fever, carried by migrant workers in Africa for instance, took hold there. (newscientist.com)
  • While council members differ over the elements of an effective sanctions regime, Chalet said, "all of us are engaged on this matter because we want to see peace and security in the Central African Republic and elevate the interests of the Central African people. (yahoo.com)
  • At least 77 people have died after a heavy goods lorry that was carrying passengers tipped over in the Central African Republic, officials said Wednesday. (independent.co.ug)
  • At least 50 people have been killed and dozens more injured since Tuesday after armed men attacked three villages in the central Bambari region of the Central African Republic, local residents who fled their homes told AFP. (independent.co.ug)
  • Every year over one million people die of malaria in Africa alone. (frontline.org.za)
  • While there was an average of 25 physicians for over 10 000 people in Europe, there were less than 2 per 10 000 in Africa. (frontline.org.za)
  • The Pentagon said Monday that American military aircraft would help the peacekeeping efforts by flying African and European peacekeepers to the Central African Republic from Burundi. (cnn.com)
  • Nine months in office and Central Africa's President Faustin Touadera still has no army to command or civil service to call on. (africanews.com)
  • Regional Office for Africa. (who.int)
  • Boats moored along the banks of the Chari River, Central African Republic. (britannica.com)
  • Apart from the UFDR, the conflict included the People's Army for the Restoration of Democracy (CAR) (APRD), Groupe d'action patriotique pour la liberation de Centrafrique (GAPLC), the Movement of Central African Liberators for Justice (MLCJ), the Front démocratique Centrafricain (FDC), and Union of Republican Forces (UFR). (wikipedia.org)
  • FOLLOW News24 Africa on Twitter and Facebook . (news24.com)
  • The region hosts some of the last remaining primary forests in Africa. (iita.org)
  • Sweat soaks into the bright red neckerchiefs of the soldiers slouching to attention on a steamy parade ground deep in the inaccessible forests of Central African Republic (CAR). (independent.co.ug)
  • Clashes between the Séléka forces and Christian vigilante anti-balaka or "anti-machete" factions continue as French and African Union forces struggle to contain the bloodshed. (smore.com)
  • The Lord's Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act-the most widely supported Africa-specific legislation in recent congressional history-is a crucial step toward protecting civilians from the LRA's brutality and finding a lasting solution to the insurgency. (hrw.org)
  • The Ugandan army said Wednesday it has neutralised the Lord's Resistance Army, as troops began withdrawing from the Central African Republic where they had been hunting the group's feared leader Joseph Kony. (independent.co.ug)
  • Around 1000 BCE, Bantu migrants had reached the Great Lakes Region in Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • It must take steps with governments in the region to curb atrocities and to ensure the rule of law in central Africa. (hrw.org)
  • On January 23rd a WWF - WCS meeting will be held with the directors of national parks and wildlife departments from Central Africa during which a larger elephant conservation strategy for the region will be discussed. (cites.org)
  • Now, this region probably doesn't get as much as exposure as the rest of Africa, but for the intrepid traveler, that's just one of its many charms. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Get your itinerary and trip ideas for exploring the African-American Heritage Trail in the central region of the state. (louisianatravel.com)
  • In downtown Ferriday, The Delta Music Museum , offers exhibits on numerous notable rock and blues musicians with ties to the central Louisiana region. (louisianatravel.com)
  • Rebels fighting the government in the Central African Republic have signed a formal ceasefire following talks in Gabon. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The stockpile was used up, then refilled and used up twice again, with vaccine procured from supply chains worldwide to battle the epidemic in Africa. (newscientist.com)
  • CDC recommends this vaccine for travelers who plan to visit parts of the Central African Republic located in the meningitis belt during the dry season (December-June), when the disease is most common. (cdc.gov)
  • The Central African Republic is located in the heart of Africa where it occupies an area of 622,984 sq. km. (worldatlas.com)
  • The Central African Federation (1953-1963), also called the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, was made up of what are now the nations of Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to naturally occurring pathogens such as the Ebola virus-which 'may be contributing substantially to great ape declines in central Africa'-human- and livestock-based gastrointestinal pathogens such as E. coli can weaken ape immune systems and reproductive success, the report says. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The series, published between 1950 and 1977, brings together a wealth of previously un-co-ordinated material on the ethnic groupings and social conditions of African peoples. (routledge.com)
  • Speaking at the inauguration, John Mugabe of the NEPAD secretariat, called for more commitment by African policy makers to reduce the brain drain. (scidev.net)
  • Noting that science and technology issues were getting rarely given attention from African politicians, Mugabe said it was time for greater efforts to be directed at harnessing science for development. (scidev.net)
  • Malaria information for the Central African Republic. (cdc.gov)
  • Literally tens of millions of Africans are infected with malaria by parasite carrying mosquitoes every year. (frontline.org.za)
  • Embassy officials regularly engaged with religious leaders to listen to their concerns and issues, including Roman Catholic Cardinal Dieudonne Nzapalainga and other Christian leaders, imams, and members of the Coordinating Committee for Central African Muslim Organizations. (state.gov)
  • Also on Sunday, the Rwandan component of MISCA, the African Union peacekeeping mission, intervened to stop a mob from killing a Muslim man accused of attacking a woman. (ohchr.org)
  • And rather than produce inspiring true life films on the exploits and adventures of missionaries such as David Livingstone (who more than any other successfully campaigned to end the vicious Muslim slave trade in Africa), Hollywood delights in glamorising degenerate gangsters and other unsavoury characters as modern heroes. (frontline.org.za)
  • France is determined to act to restore basic security in the Central African Republic, in order to halt the spiral of abuses and sectarian drift, allow the return of humanitarian workers and basic state structures," Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said. (cnn.com)
  • Prepare travelers to the Central African Republic with recommendations for vaccines and medications. (cdc.gov)
  • Travelers entering the Central African Republic are required to show a yellow fever vaccination certificate. (iexplore.com)
  • African protected areas are the principal safeguard for Africa's rich biodiversity. (iucn.org)
  • PRETORIA, South Africa-South Africa's central bank kept its key interest rate on hold Thursday after falling oil prices drove down inflation in the oil-importing nation. (wsj.com)
  • Calls for nationalisation follow an earlier row over the central bank's mandate that rattled foreign investors just as South Africa's economy fell into recession and as unemployment is close to 28 percent. (reuters.com)
  • Her decision has implications not only for how South Africa will proceed with addressing its air pollution crisis, but for the country's water security as well. (greenpeace.org)
  • Once peaceful, now divided - A teenager suffers a panic attack after hearing the first shots being fired on the morning of Thursday, May 22, as young local Muslims clashed with international peacekeepers on the outskirts of Bambari, Central African Republic. (cnn.com)
  • UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA said it had conducted airstrikes in the Central African Republic Sunday against a "heavily armed" group of fighters advancing on the city of Bambari. (independent.co.ug)
  • Jean-Bedel Bokassa was one of the three notorious African tyrants of the 1970s (the others being Idi Amin of Uganda and Macias Nguema of Equatorial Guinea). (angelfire.com)
  • With folding frontispiece of a gorilla, one folding map (of Western Equatorial Africa), twenty-seven full page plates and many more illustrations in the text. (antiqbook.com)
  • A Journey to Ashango-land: and Further Penetration into Equatorial Africa. (antiqbook.com)