Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.AfricaGabon: A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Cameroon: A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Congo: A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Sierra Leone: A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.Burundi: A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Cape Verde: The republic consists of islands that are located in the mid-Atlantic Ocean about 300 miles off the west coast of Africa. The archipelago includes 10 islands and 5 islets, divided into the windward (Barlavento) and leeward (Sotavento) groups. The capital is Praia.Liberia: A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.Mauritania: A republic in western Africa, southwest of ALGERIA and west of MALI. Its capital is Nouakchott.Togo: A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.Equatorial Guinea: A republic in central Africa, bordering the Bay of Biafra, CAMEROON is to the north and GABON to the south. Its capital is Malabo.Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Cameroon: A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.AfricaSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Cameroon: A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Consent Forms: Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.PolysaccharidesUzbekistanMolecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.EuropeAsia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Consent Forms: Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.UzbekistanInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.PolysaccharidesAsia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.EuropePoliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Poliovirus: A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral: A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Paralysis: A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated: A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Gabon: A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Military Facilities: Areas designated for use by the armed forces personnel.PakistanHemorrhagic Fever, Ebola: A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Congo: A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.Ebolavirus: A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of several distinct species of Ebolavirus, each containing separate strains. These viruses cause outbreaks of a contagious, hemorrhagic disease (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, EBOLA) in humans, usually with high mortality.Expert Systems: Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.Central African Republic: A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.Africa, Central: The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.Cameroon: A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.AfricaAfrica, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Gabon: A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.

Smallpox eradication in West and Central Africa.(1/125)

 (+info)

Unprecedented degree of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) group M genetic diversity in the Democratic Republic of Congo suggests that the HIV-1 pandemic originated in Central Africa. (2/125)

The purpose of this study was to document the genetic diversity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC; formerly Zaire). A total of 247 HIV-1-positive samples, collected during an epidemiologic survey conducted in 1997 in three regions (Kinshasa [the capital], Bwamanda [in the north], and Mbuyi-Maya [in the south]), were genetically characterized in the env V3-V5 region. All known subtypes were found to cocirculate, and for 6% of the samples the subtype could not be identified. Subtype A is predominant, with prevalences decreasing from north to south (69% in the north, 53% in the capital city, and 46% in the south). Subtype C, D, G, and H prevalences range from 7 to 9%, whereas subtype F, J, K, and CRF01-AE strains represent 2 to 4% of the samples; only one subtype B strain was identified. The highest prevalence (25%) of subtype C was in the south, and CRF01-AE was seen mainly in the north. The high intersubtype variability among the V3-V5 sequences is the most probable reason for the low (45%) efficiency of subtype A-specific PCR and HMA (heteroduplex mobility assay). Eighteen (29%) of 62 samples had discordant subtype designations between env and gag. Sequence analysis of the entire envelope from 13 samples confirmed the high degree of diversity and complexity of HIV-1 strains in the DRC; 9 had a complex recombinant structure in gp160, involving fragments of known and unknown subtypes. Interestingly, the unknown fragments from the different strains did not cluster together. Overall, the high number of HIV-1 subtypes cocirculating, the high intrasubtype diversity, and the high numbers of possible recombinant viruses as well as different unclassified strains are all in agreement with an old and mature epidemic in the DRC, suggesting that this region is the epicenter of HIV-1 group M.  (+info)

Short-course eflornithine in Gambian trypanosomiasis: a multicentre randomized controlled trial. (3/125)

OBJECTIVE: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine whether 7 days of intravenous eflornithine (100 mg/kg every 6 h) was as effective as the standard 14-day regimen in the treatment of late-stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense trypanosomiasis. METHODS: A total of 321 patients (274 new cases, 47 relapsing cases) were randomized at four participating centres in Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda to one of these treatment regimens and followed up for 2 years. RESULTS: Six patients died during treatment, one of whom was on the 7-day regimen, whereas the other five had been on the 14-day regimen (P = 0.2). The response to eflornithine differed markedly between Uganda and other countries. Among new cases in Uganda, the 2-year probability of cure was 73% on the 14-day course compared with 62% on the 7-day regimen (hazard ratio (HR) for treatment failure, 7-day versus 14-day regimen: 1.45, 95% CI: 0.7, 3.1, P = 0.3). Among new cases in Cote d'Ivoire, Congo, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo combined, the 2-year probability of cure was 97% on the 14-day course compared with 86.5% on the 7-day regimen (HR for treatment failure, 7-day vs 14-day: 6.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.5, 31.0, P = 0.003). Among relapsing cases in all four countries, the 2-year probability of cure was 94% with 7 days and 100% with 14 days of treatment. Factors associated with a higher risk of treatment failure were: a positive lymph node aspirate (HR 4.1; 95% CI: 1.8-9.4), a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white cell count > or = 100/mm3 (HR 3.5; 95% CI: 1.1-10.9), being treated in Uganda (HR 2.9; 95% CI: 1.4-5.9), and CSF trypanosomes (HR 1.9; 95% CI: 0.9-4.1). Being stuporous on admission was associated with a lower risk of treatment failure (HR 0.18; 95% CI: 0.02-1.4) as was increasing age (HR 0.977; 95% CI: 0.95-1.0, for each additional year of age). DISCUSSION: The 7-day course of eflornithine is an effective treatment of relapsing cases of Gambian trypanosomiasis. For new cases, a 7-day course is inferior to the standard 14-day regimen and cannot be recommended.  (+info)

Experimental oral polio vaccines and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. (4/125)

The simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) of the common chimpanzee is widely acknowledged as the direct ancestor of HIV-1. There is increasing historical evidence that during the late 1950s, kidneys were routinely excised from central African chimpanzees by scientists who were collaborating with the polio vaccine research of Dr Hilary Koprowski, and sent - inter alia - to vaccine-making laboratories in the USA and Africa, and to unspecified destinations in Belgium. While there is no direct evidence that cells from these kidneys were used as a substrate for growing Dr Koprowski's oral polio vaccines, there is a startling coincidence between places in Africa where his CHAT vaccine was fed, and the first appearances in the world of HIV-1 group M and group-M-related AIDS. Because of the enormous implications of the hypothesis that AIDS may be an unintended iatrogenic (physician-caused) disease, it is almost inevitable that this theory will engender heated opposition from many of those in the scientific establishment, and those with vested interests.  (+info)

Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--West and Central Africa, 1999-2000. (5/125)

In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000. Reported polio cases have decreased on all continents. In 2000, poliovirus was isolated from 24 countries, 13 in the African Region of WHO (AFR). This report summarizes the routine polio vaccination coverage, surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) during 1999 and 2000, and the synchronization of national immunization days (NIDs) against polio during 2000 and early 2001 in 16 countries in west and central Africa.  (+info)

Modeling and reinforcement to combat HIV: the MARCH approach to behavior change. (6/125)

Theory and research suggest that behavioral interventions to prevent HIV/AIDS may be most effective when they are personalized and affectively compelling, when they provide models of desired behaviors, and when they are linked to social and cultural narratives. Effective strategies must also take into account the opportunities and obstacles present in the local environment. The Modeling and Reinforcement to Combat HIV (MARCH) projects combine key aspects of individual behavior change with efforts to change social norms. There are 2 main components to the program: entertainment as a vehicle for education (longrunning serialized dramas on radio or television portray role models evolving toward the adoption of positive behaviors) and interpersonal reinforcement at the community level (support from friends, family members, and others can help people initiate behavior changes; support through changes in social norms is necessary for behavioral effects to be sustained over time). Both media and interpersonal intervention activities should be linked to existing resources in the community and, wherever possible, provide increased access to preventive services, supplies, and other supporting elements.  (+info)

Infertility in central Africa. (7/125)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of primary and secondary infertility in the four Central African countries of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic and Gabon. METHODS: Primary infertility was approximated by the percentage of women childless after at least 5 years of marriage. The percentage with no birth at least 5 years subsequent to a previous birth was considered to have secondary infertility. Logistic regression and discrete logistic regression models were estimated to determine the risk factors of primary and secondary infertility, respectively. The relatively few women who were defined as infertile and reported using a traditional or modern method of contraception at survey date were considered fertile to reduce bias from falsely classifying effective contraceptive users as infertile. RESULTS: The prevalence of infertility was highest in Central African Republic and lowest in Chad: primary infertility ranged from 6.9% to 3.1% and secondary infertility for women aged 20-44 years ranged from 26.5% to 18.9%. Women married more than once vs. only once and formerly married women vs. women living with their husbands had higher odds of primary and secondary infertility. Also, younger cohorts had relatively higher risks of primary (born after 1970) and secondary infertility (born after 1960) compared with women born before 1960. In contrast, place of residence, religion, education of wife or husband and socio-economic status were generally not associated with primary or secondary infertility. CONCLUSIONS: Infertility is still prevalent in Central Africa and new interventions aimed at reducing the incidence and social implications of pathologic infertility are needed.  (+info)

RESPONSE OF VOLTA CHILDREN TO LIVE ATTENUATED MEASLES VIRUS VACCINE. (8/125)

Experience so far with the Enders B-level Edmonston strain of live attenuated measles vaccine has been principally with children in the USA in whom natural measles carries a low mortality. Measles is associated with an appreciably higher mortality rate in developing countries; in Upper Volta, climate, nutritional status, degree of parasitic infestation and concurrent infections may contribute to this. The present report summarizes a pilot study in Ouagadougou, Upper Volta, designed to obtain information on the response of Volta children to Enders vaccine and to determine the feasibility of using this vaccine on a large scale.The observations indicate that Volta children, despite the hazards of natural measles, respond in essentially the same manner to live vaccine given alone or with gamma-globulin as do children in other areas. The febrile reactions which characterize infection with the attenuated measles virus were of insufficient importance to warrant the concurrent use of gamma-globulin in a forthcoming mass measles vaccination campaign in Upper Volta.  (+info)

*Pauline Cafferkey

... the central nervous system and, in men, the testes and semen. Cafferkey went to a 24-hour GP clinic in New Victoria Hospital in ... contracted Ebola virus disease in 2014 while working in Sierra Leone as part of the medical aid effort during the West African ... the virus had remained in her cerebrospinal fluid and feared that it might be in her central nervous system. Personnel in ...

*Megalopalpus zymna

... the Central African Republic, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, southern Sudan, Uganda, north-western Tanzania and ...

*Mansonia uniformis

It is found in Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Republic, China, Comoros ... South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor, Uganda, Vietnam, and Zambia. Female is a medium-sized ...

*Mesoxantha

... the Central African Republic, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique. The habitat ... Central African Republic, Angola, eastern and southern Democratic Republic of the Congo) Mesoxantha ethosea reducta Rothschild ...

*Demographics of the Central African Republic

Central African(s) Adjective: Central African Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other ... "Africa: CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC". CIA The World Factbook. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World ... There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya- ... This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density ...

*South African National Blood Service

The testing is performed at central laboratories in Johannesburg and Durban. Whole blood is collected to make packed red blood ... The South African National Blood Service, (SANBS), is a non-profit organisation that provides human blood for transfusion that ... "South Africa lifts ban on gay men donating blood". Retrieved 2015-04-17. SANBS home page. ... The blood is then processed into components at seven processing locations throughout South Africa. During 2008, SANBS collected ...

*Outline of the Republic of the Congo

... is a sovereign country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the ... United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya ( ... Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km Gabon 1,903 km Cameroon 523 km Central African Republic 467 km Angola 201 km ... on the Equator Africa Middle Africa Time zone: UTC+01 Extreme points of the Republic of the Congo High: Mont Nabeba 1,020 m ( ...

*African Central Bank

The African Central Bank (ACB) is one of the three financial institutions of the African Union. Over time, it will take over ... Africa portal AFRA (currency)- African Finance Regulatory Authority Abuja Treaty European Central Bank Economic Community of ... West African States (ECOWAS) Euro Central African CFA franc Amero The Common Monetary Area Eco (currency) Monetary union Paul R ... When it is fully implemented via Pan-African Parliament legislation, the ACB will be the sole issuer of the African Single ...

*Central Africa

... are also found in Central Africa, such as the Gbaya, Banda and Zande, in northern Central Africa. Notable Central African supra ... Play media Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, ... Some major ethnic groups in Central Africa are as follows: Geography portal Africa portal British Central Africa Protectorate ( ... Central Africa also includes many Nilo-Saharan and Niger-Congo Ubangian communities: in north western Central Africa the Nilo- ...

*Central Africa Time

... , or CAT, is a time zone used in central and southern Africa. Central Africa Time is two hours ahead of ... Central Africa Time is used by the following countries: Burundi Botswana Egypt (observes Eastern European Time) Democratic ... Namibia Rwanda Sudan Zambia Zimbabwe The following countries use South African Standard Time instead of Central Africa Time: ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+02:00), which is the same as the adjacent South Africa Standard Time and Eastern European Time ...

*Central Africa Party

"Central Africa Party Splits in Three Factions", Africa Report, Volumes 5-7, 1960 "Liberal Party for Northern Rhodesia" The ... The Central Africa Party was a multi-racial political party in Northern Rhodesia, Nyasaland and Southern Rhodesia. The CAP was ... In Southern Rhodesia it continued under the Central Africa Party name. It put forward 14 candidates for the December 1962 ... Africa Report, Volumes 5-7 1960, African-American Institute, plxx The Last Great Fight The Spectator, 21 May 1959 Bizeck Jube ...

*Central Africa Medal

The Central Africa Medal was awarded for service from 1891-1894 in Eastern and Central Africa, for the 1895 Unyoro Expedition, ... and from 1894-1898 for service in British Central Africa. Award of the Central Africa Medal was announced as being approved by ... A clasp, Central Africa 1894-98, was subsequently authorised. When the medal was issued with the clasp, it hung from a straight ... It was later authorised for service in British Central Africa from 1895-1898 The medal uses the same medal design as the ...

*Central African

... or related to the Central African Republic, a country in Central Africa A person from Central Africa, or of Central African ... "Central African". See Languages of the Central African Republic. Something of, from, or related to the Central African Empire ... Central African may refer to several places: Something of, from, or related to Central Africa, a region in the center of Africa ... For information about the Central African people, see Demographics of the Central African Republic and Culture of the Central ...

*British Central Africa Gazette

The British Central Africa Gazette was the government gazette of the British Central Africa Protectorate. The Gazette was ... List of British colonial gazettes BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA PROTECTORATE CRL Foreign Official Gazette Database, 2014. Retrieved 28 ...

*Emperor of Central Africa

Central African Empire History of the Central African Republic List of heads of state of the Central African Republic Lentz, ... The Emperor of Central Africa (French: Empereur de Centrafrique) was the monarch of the Central African Empire from 1976 to ... Bokassa I attempted to justify his actions by claiming that creating a monarchy would help Central Africa "stand out" from the ... Many thought Bokassa was insane, and compared his egotistical extravagance with his contemporary - Africa's other well-known ...

*British Central Africa Company

The British Central Africa Company Ltd was a major shareholder in the Shire Highlands Railway Ltd and the Central Africa ... Lonrho sold the Central Africa Company Ltd to African Plantations Corporation in June 1997. Eugene Sharrer, who was described ... The Central Africa Company Ltd, with its remaining agricultural assets, was sold by Lonrho to African Plantations Corporation ... It changed its name to The Central Africa Company Ltd and was acquired by the Lonrho group, both in 1964. The British Central ...

*Archbishop of Central Africa

This is a list of the Archbishops of the Anglican Church of the Province of Central Africa, which encompasses the present-day ... Diocese of Bath & Wells - Archbishop of Central Africa... Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Lambeth Conference ...

*British Central Africa Protectorate

The Rise of Nationalism in Central Africa, pp. 32-4. R I Rotberg, (1965). The Rise of Nationalism in Central Africa, pp. 24, 43 ... A Pictorial Essay of the 1898 Provisional of British Central Africa - Nyasaland Fred J. Melville, British Central Africa ... The British Central Africa Protectorate (BCA) was a protectorate proclaimed in 1889 and ratified in 1891 that occupied the same ... 70-1. R I Rotberg, (1965). The Rise of Nationalism in Central Africa, pp. 22-3. B. Pachai, (1973). Land Policies in Malawi: An ...

*Archaeology of Central Africa

Central Africa is generally considered to encompass ten countries (Cameroon, south-Chad, Central African Republic (CAR), ... Archaeological research has been scarce in Central Africa. One reason is that half of Central Africa is covered by rainforest. ... Central Africa has also had high outbreaks of deadly diseases such as AIDS and Ebola fever, and has also experienced numerous " ... The Late Stone age in Central Africa ended approximately 3,500 years ago. By 3500 - 3000 years BP, the climate and the ...

*Central African lion

The Central African lion (Panthera leo leo) is a lion population in Central Africa. In this part of Africa, lions occur in ... African lion populations are included in CITES Appendix II. In 2006, a Lion Conservation Strategy for West and Central Africa ... whereas populations in the southern part of Central Africa are closer to populations in Southern and East Africa. Analysis of ... whereas populations in southern Central African range countries are genetically close to those in Southern and East Africa. In ...

*Central African Games

The Central African Games was an international multi-sport event for countries within Central Africa. It was held on three ... All-Africa Games Central African Games. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2010-02-21. Stokkermans, Karel (2003-12-12). Central ... A "Central African Cup" competition had been organised in Brazzaville in 1972, featuring a number of sporting events, and this ... proved to be a precursor to the Central African Games, which was first held four years later. The first Games were designed as ...

*Central African genocide

In the waning years of the 20th century, ten million people were murdered in various remote parts of Central Africa. It is not ... Ten million deaths in close proximity have left a zone of devastation in Central Africa. These deaths are not usually ...

*Central African mangroves

Mangrove of Western and Central Africa. UNEP-Regional Seas Programme/UNEP-WCMC "Central African mangroves". Terrestrial ... The Central African mangroves ecoregion consists of the largest area of mangrove swamp in Africa, located on the coasts of West ... African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), and turtles like the African softshell turtle (Trionyx triunguis). Birds include ... mangrove is a resilient habitat and small clumps of mangrove remain in isolation all along the coast of west and central Africa ...

*Central African Airways

... (CAA) was a member of the Quadripartite agreements with South African Airways (SAA), East African ... The new airport attracted foreign airlines (most notably South African Airways), so that for the first time, Central African ... During the 1960s, Central African Airways ordered two BAC One-Eleven-207 aircraft, but delivery was blocked by United Nations ... Central African Airways (CAA) was a supranational airline corporation serving as flag carrier for Southern Rhodesia, Northern ...

*Central African Backbone

... in Africa via high speed internet. The countries included in the CAB project are: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad ... The Central African Backbone (CAB) is a fiber-optic Internet backbone being developed to connect the countries of the Economic ... The deployement of the CAB in the Central African Republic was slowed down by the political instability in 2012-2013. It runs ... List of terrestrial fibre optic cable projects in Africa http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P108368/central-african-backbone- ...

*Temnora subapicalis

permanent dead link] "Revised Catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with Descriptions of the East African species ... It is known from highland forest in central Kenya and also in Zimbabwe. The length of the forewings is about 24 mm for males ...

*Church of Central Africa Presbyterian

... (CCAP) - Harare Synod Church of Central Africa Presbyterian (CCAP) - Zambia Synod Paul ... Church of Central Africa Presbyterian - Blantyre Synod Church of Central Africa Presbyterian - StPauls CCAP Church. ... The Church of Central Africa Presbyterian (CCAP) is a Presbyterian denomination. It consists of five synods: one in Zambia ( ... In 1889 the Cape Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa began work in central Malawi. Initially its base was Mvera ...
This report follows a survey of seven countries of West and Central Africa, assessing the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for the application of biotechnology in the subregion. Sponsored by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, the original survey led to a second, more in-depth study, funded by the West and Central African Centre for Agricultural Research and Development (WECARD), to analyse the capacity to apply agri-biotechnology for food security in West and Central Africa.. The report considers issues such as biotechnology research capacity, personnel base and infrastructure support services, along with levels of public awareness of biotechnology and biosafety. The author of the report recommends focussing on existing strengths in Senegal, Ghana and Cote dIvoire to help with biotechnology training, as well as addressing specific problems that require high-level research capacity.. This report was submitted for a stakeholders workshop to define the priorities for a ...
Antioch: Antioch, ancient city in Phrygia, near the Pisidian border, close to modern Yalvaç, in west-central Turkey. Founded by Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358-281 bc), it was made a free
The UN Childrens Fund, UNICEF, has said that no fewer than 270,000 estimated children aged 0 to 14 years were living with HIV in Nigeria in 2016. The figure represented the lion share of half of the 540,000 total infected children in West and Central Africa over the same year. Nigeria also recorded 37,000 new HIV infections among children out of the total of 60,000 new infections in West and Central Africa over the same period, representing 62 per cent of the new infections.. The UN childrens agency warned that the West and Central Africa were lagging too far behind the rest of the world in access to HIV treatment and care. Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEF Director, West and Central Africa, in a report released on Tuesday, called for improvement of early diagnosis and access to HIV treatment and care for children. The report said four in five children living with HIV in West and Central Africa were still not receiving life-saving antiretroviral therapy. It warned that AIDS-related deaths among ...
Images of nature landscapes, vegetation, plants and animals of Central Africa (Kenya and Tanzania, Masai Mara National Park, Kilimanjaro mountain, Manyara lake, Ngorongoro caldera, Tarangire National Park, Eastern Africa animals, Zanzibar island)
The Forest Trade sub-programme for TRAFFIC Central Africa (TCAF) was launched on 1st February 2009 with the recruitment of a permanent consultant, Dr Nou...
The rebel Seleka coalition that took control over Central Africa Republic needs to end its legacy of abuse, Human Rights Watch said.
This article, by Ted Grant, deals with the refugee crisis in Central Africa at the end of 1996, when Belgium and French imperialists were demanding military intervention in the area for humanitarian purposes.
This article, by Ted Grant, deals with the refugee crisis in Central Africa at the end of 1996, when Belgium and French imperialists were demanding military intervention in the area for humanitarian purposes.
Find Eastern & Central Africa located at 1924 Dresden Dr Sw, Decatur, Alabama, 35603. Contact 2563503980. Ratings, reviews, hours, phone number and directions from ChamberofCommerce.com
Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) is an initiative endorsed by the Steering Committee of the New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD) to support eastern and central African countries in development and application of bioscience research and expertise to produce technologies that help poor farmers secure their assets, improve their productivity and income, and increase their market opportunities.
In Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic, Quammen investigates a handful of zoonoses and how they spilled over, traveling all over the world and going into the field to speak to doctors, scientists, and survivors. He joins a biologist in Gabon who is conducting a biological survey of Central African forests, visits the "wet markets" of Guangdong, China, and helps trap monkeys and bats in Bangladesh. Along the way, he talks to men who were in the village of Mayibout 2 when Ebola struck in 1996, the doctors in Singapore who treated patients suffering from what was later identified as SARS but at first seemed merely a severe case of pneumonia, scientists who identified previously unknown diseases and tracked them to their original hosts, and many others ...
Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) is an initiative endorsed by the Steering Committee of the New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD) to support eastern and central African countries in development and application of bioscience research and expertise to produce technologies that help poor farmers secure their assets, improve their productivity and income, and increase their market opportunities.
At the opening lecture at 5pm tonite Dr Beatrice Hahn talked about her reseaerch in Africa and how her research leads her to think that HIV was passed to humans from monkeys in West Central Africa. Her research leads her to believe that HIV was passed from other primates to monkeys thousands of years ago. And she believes that perhaps HIV was passed to humans through the business of hunting and selling bushmeat in Central Africa by humans. The humans were exposed to the blood of primates through catching, killing, and cutting up the animals. She and her team looked at 788 primates/monkeys and 16 species in Central Africa. 13 primate species had HIV-1/HIV-2; 20% of the animals had HIV (range 5-20% among the various species). 90% of the sexually active adults had HIV. She believes HIV was spread from one animal to another by the fighting of animals amongst themselves. Hahn developed a non-invasive way to check urine & fecal samples from the monkeys to test them for HIV. Hahn said that by ...
Rajkot: City, west-central Gujarat state, west-central India. It lies near the centre of the Kathiawar Peninsula, about 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Jamnagar. The city was the capital...
Standley, CJ, Mugisha, L, Verweij, JJ, Adriko, M, Arinaitwe, M, Rowell, C, Atuhaire, A, Betson, M, Hobbs, E, van Tulleken, CR, Kane, RA, van Lieshout, L, Ajarova, L, Kabatereine, NB and Stothard, JR (2011) Confirmed infection with intestinal schistosomiasis in semi-captive wild-born chimpanzees on Ngamba Island, Uganda. ...
Daily Telegraph (UK), 15 September 2000, p. A15 LONDON - In these days of managed news, this weeks British Royal Society conference on the origin of AIDS had unusual frissons of unpredictability. At stake is the hypothesis that the disease arose from polio vaccines tested in central Africa in the late 1950s. Those vaccines may have been made with tissue from chimpanzee kidneys and may have been contaminated with the chimpanzee precursor of the AIDS virus. The meeting heard new evidence of yet another chimpanzee facility in central Africa intimately linked with vaccine creation and polio inoculation. In the audience was the very scientist who knows exactly what happened: Hilary Koprowski. I am an unashamed fan of progress. I think innovation and technology have prevented more premature deaths and alleviated more environmental disasters than they have caused. I detest the hypocrisy of those who protest against free trade while using mobile telephones and of those who would deny genetically ...
The School of medicine was established in 2004 as a Centre of excellence in health research, capacity building and product development. It has rapidly developed over time and now has eleven departments that are fully established offering various degrees and diplomas.
All sides involved in the deadly conflict in the CAR need to work together if the country is to get over the current gridlock, the president of neighbouring Chad says.
Case Study - Learn more about how MEGA helped CFH streamline banking operations, deliver training to all the groups employees, and help implement e-payment solutions for customers.
Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2017 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2017 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
The HIV-1 is classified into three groups. The "major" group that is M, the group M again has subtypes A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J and K, the "outlier" group O and the third is the "new" group N. It has been found out that more than 90% of the people with HIV-1 infection belong to the group M. Group N is extremely rare and group O is restricted to west-central Africa ...
We begin this review of the Suns influence on European temperatures with the study of Holzhauser et al. (2005)[1], who presented high-resolution records of variations in glacier size in the Swiss Alps together with lake-level fluctuations in the Jura mountains, the northern French Pre-Alps, and the Swiss Plateau in developing a 3,500-year climate history of west-central Europe, starting… Read More ». ...
A suite of analyses was performed on sediments accumulated during the last 10 700 years in Lake Spaime, a small, hydrologically open water body in the modem alpine tundra zone of the Scandes Mountains, west-central Sweden ...
As one of west-central Floridas oldest towns formed by white settlers, Brooksville has a large concentration of structures from the 1870s and 1880s. A must see town if you are passionate about historic towns.
OLIVEIRA, EMILIANO C., ROSSETTI, DILCE F. and UTIDA, GISELLE Paleoenvironmental Evolution of Continental Carbonates in West-Central Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ci nc., May 2017, vol.89, no.1, p.407-429. ISSN 0001- ...
The Early Cretaceous Bluesky Formation (Mannville Group) in the Peace River area of west-central Alberta, Canada, is a complexly stratified tide-dominated sediment body composed of monolithic and heterolithic sandstone ...
The more art you see, the better your eye gets and the surer you become about what you like and why. There are lots of excellent opportunities in galleries throughout the west-central Florida region
Lana Peters, Stalins daughter, died last week of colon cancer in a small town in west-central Wisconsin. She chose to live in Wisconsin at least partly because she had met her husband at Frank Lloyd Wrights architectural headquarters, which is located in the state. Wes Peters was an architect who worked with Wright. She says she hated her father because he destroyed her life twice: by refusing to allow her to marry a filmmaker in Russia and then preventing her from studying art and film.
The strain of Ebola that has circulated in West Africa for the last year takes longer to kill macaques than the virus that caused an outbreak in Central Africa in 1976.. 0 Comments. ...
Sarong. From the collection: Vlisco, a Dutch manufacturer of printed fabrics for West and Central Africa. Date of creation: 28-10-1927
Handdruk. From the collection: Vlisco, a Dutch manufacturer of printed fabrics for West and Central Africa. Date of creation: onbekend
Children, Vulnerability, and Social Vaccines: HIV/AIDS and Schooling in Southern and Central Africa: http://videos.med.wisc.edu/videos/111. ...
Researchers announced the discovery of a nearly complete fossil skull, along with jaw fragments and isolated teeth, from the earliest known member of the human evolutionary family, which lived in central Africa between 7 million and 6 million years ago.
Four species of the genus Amphibiophilus Skrjabin, 1916 from pyxycephalid frogs in southern and central Africa are currently recognised as valid. Several specimens of Amphibiophilus were found in mate
Im aware of two versions: Version 1: (as used in Malawi, central Africa) Use a tall glass, half to 3/4 filled wich ice Add half a glass of lemonade.
Large retailers like Target and Wal-Mart Stores may largely escape a new rule requiring U.S.-listed companies to disclose whether their goods contain certain minerals blamed for fueling violence in central Africa.
The Portuguese Dairy & Soy Food sector accounted for 2.5% volume share of the Western European market in 2016. It is led by the Cheese market, which accounted for the largest share in value terms, whereas Milk market led the sector in volume terms in 2016.
The Central African Republic political, economic, social and health crises feed into and aggravate one another. Rocked by internal turmoil - four wars in the last decade - it is one of the poorest countries on earth. The 2001-2003 conflicts have left deep physical and mental scars on the people of the Central African Republic.. War crimes were widespread: torture, pillage, destruction, gang rape, abduction and murder of women, men and children. These events went virtually unnoticed by the world, leading the United Nations to describe the situation in the Central African Republic as "the worlds most silent crisis".. ...
NDELE, Central African Republic, 17-24 August 2012 - Mustafa* wipes his tears with the green camouflage headscarf he has worn for the past year and a half spent associated with an armed group in the Central African Republic known as Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP). His brother, who is 18 and remains a member of the group, stands in a crowd that has gathered to see Mustafa and two other boys leave. He is visibly emotional about Mustafas departure, but he tries to hide it. Aid for children abducted and exploited by armed groups in the Central African Republic ...
A line of timber trucks laden with logs, Central African Republic. The forest of the Congo basin stretches across central Africa, covering the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), parts of Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo. Huge tracts of the forest are being opened up by logging companies. Read more »
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are MBaka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language. More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers. According to the 2017 ...
Nearly 1 million people have been displaced by ongoing violence in Central African Republic. Amidst growing chaos, WFP is on the ground delivering life-saving food assistance in communities such as Bossangoa, where 586 metric tons of food were recently distributed to nearly 40,000 people. To scale up its emergency response in the Central African Republic, WFP has appealed to the international community for an additional $107 million in aid.. ...
The president of Central African Republic on Thursday urgently called on France and other foreign powers to help his government fend off rebels who are quickly seizing territory and approaching this capital city, but French officials declined to offer any military assistance. About 200 French soldiers are already in the country, providing technical support and helping to train the local army, according to the French defense ministry. Central African Republic, a landlocked nation of 4.4 million people, has suffered decades of army revolts, coups and rebellions since gaining independence in 1960 and remains one of the poorest countries in the world.
Central African Republic: Expansion of 2G/3G Coverage, Rising Mobile Data Adoption and Improvement in Broadband Connectivity to Fuel Telecom Growth is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. This report provides an executive-level overview of the telecommunications market in Central African Republic today, with detailed forecasts of key indicators up to 2021. Published annually, the report provides detailed analysis of the near-term opportunities, competitive dynamics and evolution of demand by service type and technology/platform across the fixed telephony, broadband and mobile sectors, as well as a review of key regulatory trends. ...
|strong|BANGUI, Central African Republic/DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 5 May 2017 - |/strong|Without increased support, the lives and futures of more than 1 million children in the Central African Republic are under threat, UNICEF said today.
Nicole Sabiko, a young mom of 23 with four children, stepped into the new year the same way as she began the year before, and the one before that. Being displaced. Together with her children, she has been finding refuge at one of the many displaced peoples camps in Bangui, the capital of conflict-ravaged Central African Republic. How is she surviving?
Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work in Central African Republic. Access Central African Republics economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news.
US$531 million urgently needed to meet basic needs in Central African Republic Competing crises have negatively impacted the funding situation, but failing to meet the most critical humanitarian needs could undermine the broader peacebuilding and stability-building agenda.
Bangui, Central African Republic, June 25, 2007 - The insecurity that prevails in northwestern Central African Republic (CAR) is severely impacting civilian populations and the humanitarian workers assisting them, Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today.
Sub-region an epicentre of recurrent outbreaks and high burden of infectious diseases Libreville, 02 August 2017- Central African countries meeting last week on Thursday and Friday operationalised the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Preventions (Africa CDC) Regional Collaborating Centre (RCC). The centre will coordinate the efforts of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sao Tomé and Principe and Chad to jointly strengthen surveillance, emergency response and prevention of infectious and non-communicable diseases. The Central Africa sub-region has witnessed several disease outbreaks including Ebola, Cholera and Hepatitis in addition to a high burden of malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, vaccine-preventable diseases and neglected tropical diseases.. "The recent African Heads of State and Government Declaration, committing to accelerate the implementation of International Health Regulations, demonstrate the resolve of African ...
Objective: The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of behavioral symptoms and associated factors in the elderly in the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo. Methods: An analysis of baseline data was performed from the EPIDEMCA (Epidemiology of Dementia in Central Africa) multicenter population-based study carried out in rural and urban areas of the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo between 2011 and 2012 in elderly aged 65 and over. Cognitive disorders were assessed in two phases. The first phase was cognitive screening using the Community Screening Interview in Dementia. Following cognitive screening, in the second phase, participants suspected of dementia underwent clinical assessment based on the abridged version of the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) which assesses 12 behavioral disorders in the elderly over the previous 30 days. Results: NPI data were available for 532 out of participants examined in the second phase of EPIDEMCA. Among the 532
Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in the northwest. Civilians are caught in the middle, and sometimes targeted, despite UN peacekeepers presence. The government struggles to maintain control of the capital, relying on peacekeepers for support. An estimated 461,000 people, mostly Muslims, are refugees in neighboring countries; 421,700 more are internally displaced. The new Special Criminal Court, a tribunal comprised of national and international staff and designed to promote accountability and stem the violence, requires financial and political support from the government and its international partners.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) said today it would scale up food distributions in conflict-wracked Central African Republic (CAR) to assist up to 1.25 million people in the next eight months as growing numbers of people go hungry.. ...
Assailants believed to be from Chad have burned down two villages in the neighbouring Central African Republic, killing three people.
April 19, 2017 (KAMPALA) - The Ugandan army Wednesday has announced the end of pursuit operations in the Central African Republic (CAR) for the (...)
The Central African Republic today finds itself in a state of chronic medical emergency, yet the commitment of the countrys government and of the international community is going in the wrong direction.
The conflict in the Central African Republic severely affected the livelihoods of millions of vulnerable people. FAO can prevent further loss of assets as well as missed planting opportunities with timely donor support.
François Bozizé suspended the constitution and named a new cabinet which included most opposition parties. Abel Goumba was named vice-president, which gave Bozizés new government a positive image. Bozizé established a broad-based National Transition Council to draft a new constitution and announced that he would step down and run for office once the new constitution was approved.. In 2004 the Central African Republic Bush War began as forces opposed to Bozizé took up arms against his government. In May 2005 Bozizé won a presidential election that excluded Patassé and in 2006 fighting continued between the government and the rebels. In November 2006, Bozizés government requested French military support to help them repel rebels who had taken control of towns in the countrys northern regions.[33] Though the initially public details of the agreement pertained to logistics and intelligence, the French assistance eventually included strikes by Mirage jets against rebel ...
Violence in the north of the Central African Republic is wrecking the lives of tens of thousands. Villages have been torched, people attacked and killed, chi...
Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious clashes in their nation.Msgr. Cyriaque Gbate Doumalo, secretary-general of the nations Catholic bishops conference, told Catholic News Service on Dec. 11 that thou
Summary:. This paper discusses key findings of the Fourth Review for the Central African Republic (CAR) under the three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Short-term fiscal policy of the CAR attempts to stabilize demand through government spending while preserving medium-term fiscal discipline. The revised program safeguards budgeted spending and incorporates new externally financed peace-process spending. Structural reforms are focused on areas critical to economic stability and the recovery of growth. IMF staff supports completion of the fourth review, augmentation of PRGF access, and program extension. ...
View the latest weather forecasts, maps, news and alerts on Yahoo Weather. Find local weather forecasts for Bossangoa, Central African Republic throughout the world
Central African Republic, a Flipboard topic with the latest stories powered by top publications and the best from the Flipboard community
Horrific footage has emerged of a cannibal eating the leg of a Muslim slaughtered by a rampaging Christian mob in the Central African Republic.. The victim was hauled from a bus, battered and then stabbed before being set on fire in the capital city Bangui, according to the BBC.. In the aftermath of the incident, one of his attackers Ouandja Magloire-who also calls himself Mad Dog-grabbed hold of his leg and then began to devour it.. Magloire told a BBC reporter that his action was revenge for the murders of his pregnant wife, his sister-in-law and her baby.. He claimed that Muslims were responsible and he was angry with them.. They broke down the door and cut my baby in half. I promised I would get my revenge, he said.. Mad Dog spotted his victim on a minibus and followed him after deciding he looked Muslim.. He gathered a crowd of about 20 Christian youths who forced the bus driver to stop and dragged him from the bus.. Without emotion he told the BBC: I poured petrol over him. I burned ...
3 A woman walks past a truck waiting to leave for Chad loaded with goods belonging to Muslim residents of the PK5 district of Bangui, Central African Republic, April 9, 2014. ...
April 17 - In the town of Boda in the Central African Republic, some 14,000 Muslims are living under siege.Deborah Lutterbeck reports.}
The Central African Republic (CAR) is if anything worse than a failed state: it has become virtually a phantom state, lacking any meaningful institutional capacity at least since the fall of Emperor Bokassa in 1979.
REBEL soldiers attacked the home of President Ange Felix Patasse of the Central African Republic yesterday in a failed coup attempt that left at least a dozen dead.
France has sent 350 troops to counter the Seleka (rebel) forces that have taken control of Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic. The entrance of French troops follows closely a takeover of Bangui by Seleka forces which, on Sunday, also seized the presidential palace and forced Pres.
Three years after the start of the current wave of violence Central African Republic, insecurity and human rights abuses remain rife, including the forcibly displaced.
Three years after the start of the current wave of violence Central African Republic, insecurity and human rights abuses remain rife, including the forcibly displaced.
The occurrence of epileptic seizures during onchocercal infestation has been suspected. Epidemiologic studies are necessary to confirm the relation between onchocerciasis and epilepsy. A matched case-control study was conducted in dispensaries of three northwestern towns of the Central African Republic. Each epileptic case was matched against...
You don't have to venture far to see the misery caused by the latest crisis in the Central African Republic. On the edge of the airport in the capital
Compare multiple airlines & book cheap flights to Central African Republic at Travelstart: ✓ Lowest fares online ✓ Easy online booking - Book today!
Retrospective Mortality Study Reveals Massive Levels of Death Due to Violence Against Muslims During Peak of Conflict in Central African Republic With Thousands Still Encircled in Enclaves, Chad Border Closed, and Massive Gaps in Aid for Central African Refugees, Crisis in Central African Republic Is Far from Over A retrospective mortality study conducted by the international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) among Central African refugees in Sido, Chad, reveals extreme levels of death during a violent crackdown against the Central African Republics (CAR) Muslim minority. The study found that one in three families surveyed had lost at least one family member between November 2013 and April 2014. The survey documented that 2,208 people died while still in CAR, of which 95 percent died from gunshot, machete, grenade, or other blast wounds. Between December 2013 and January 2014, several hundred thousand people fled abuse and violence in ...
Preux will compare the situation in rural and in urban areas in order to identify the specific risk or lifestyle factors involved in dementia. "Understanding what causes the differences between dementia in developed and developing countries is a major challenge. However, it could enable us to determine new risk or protective factors as well as the history of these disorders and therefore help us establish appropriate strategies for care and control worldwide," explains Preux ...
LIBREVILLE, Gabon (AP) - A 16-year-old died of Ebola in northeastern Gabon, raising the death toll to 23 in an outbreak of the disease in two Central African countries, health officials said Wednesday. Vivien Otolany died Sunday at an improvised isolation ward in Mekambo, about 465 miles northeast of the capital, Libreville, government and World Health Organization officials said. He was the sixth member of his family to die in the outbreak. His aunt, a nurse, caught the disease from a patient, then spread it to her mother, brother, two children and nephew. Medical officials have confirmed 20 Ebola cases in the northeastern frontier province of Ogooue Ivindo, of whom 17 have died since the outbreak began in October, WHO spokeswoman Ghislaine Moussouany said in Libreville. Twelve other cases, including six fatalities, have been identified in neighboring Republic of Congo. An additional seven suspected cases are under investigation in Gabon and two in Republic of Congo, WHO said. Medical experts ...
The expansion of Bantu languages, which started around 5,000 years before present (YBP) in west/central Africa and spread all throughout sub-Saharan Africa, may represent one of the major and most rapid demographic movements in the history of the human species. Although the genetic footprints of this expansion have been unmasked through the analyses of the maternally-inherited mitochondrial (mtDNA) lineages, information on the genetic impact of this massive movement and on the genetic composition of pre-Bantu populations is still scarce. Here we analyze an extensive collection of Y-chromosome markers - 41 SNPs and 18 STRs - in 883 individuals from 22 Bantu-speaking agriculturalist populations and 3 Pygmy hunter-gatherer populations from Gabon and Cameroon. Our data reveal a recent origin for most paternal lineages in west Central African populations most likely resulting from the expansion of Bantu-speaking farmers that erased the more ancient Y-chromosome diversity found in this area. However, ...
1. UPDATE FUNDING MIKE AFRICA The European Union (EU) has requested a change in the budget structure for the MIKE proposal, which was subsequently carried out by the Secretariat.. The proposal is now before the EU revision committee that will meet in the week of the 27th of November.. According to schedule the contract with the EU should be available early December for signature.. The EU will provide 2.4 million Euro out of a total of 3.8 million for 18 months, the remainder being matching funds. The CITES Secretariat is looking for the remaining funds and is very hopeful that the Belgian government will keep its commitment to contribute to the MIKE funding.. The funds will probably be administered through subcontracting agencies.. 2. UPDATE MIKE IN OTHER SUBREGIONS The MIKE structure is now in place in Southern Africa and has yet to be established in each of the remaining subregions in Africa (Central Africa, West Africa and East Africa).. There is some progress in West Africa. The IUCN office ...
1. UPDATE FUNDING MIKE AFRICA The European Union (EU) has requested a change in the budget structure for the MIKE proposal, which was subsequently carried out by the Secretariat.. The proposal is now before the EU revision committee that will meet in the week of the 27th of November.. According to schedule the contract with the EU should be available early December for signature.. The EU will provide 2.4 million Euro out of a total of 3.8 million for 18 months, the remainder being matching funds. The CITES Secretariat is looking for the remaining funds and is very hopeful that the Belgian government will keep its commitment to contribute to the MIKE funding.. The funds will probably be administered through subcontracting agencies.. 2. UPDATE MIKE IN OTHER SUBREGIONS The MIKE structure is now in place in Southern Africa and has yet to be established in each of the remaining subregions in Africa (Central Africa, West Africa and East Africa).. There is some progress in West Africa. The IUCN office ...
Posted on August 30, 2013. Original version by Ricardo Carrere - updated by the WRM in 2013. Oil palm is a traditional native crop for West and Central African communities, who are used to either plant them on their lands or to collect fruits, leaves or sap.... read more ...
Central African RepublicPresident Francois Bozize dismissed his prime minister anddissolved the cabinet on Saturday, clearing the way for thenomination of a national unity government in line with a peaceaccord signed with rebels.
Emballonuridae 243 Nycteridae 259 Molossidae 295 Miniopteridae 371 Vespertilionidae 389 LIST OF SPECIMENS............................................534 rEFErENCES .......................................................576 GLOSSAry ............................................................586 INDEx ..................................................................590 vi BATS OF SOUThErN AND CENTrAL AFrICA . Foreword F ield and laboratory research on bats over the past decades has revealed numerous aspects about these nocturnal and generally secretive animals that include some rather extraordinary details. This new information, combined with public education, helps to dispel some of the incorrect notions about bats found within different cultural folklores and cinema myths. Ongoing research and new works on regional bat faunas further advance knowledge on these fascinating creatures and their conservation. A few of the many possible examples are presented here. In certain portions of the world ...
...Originating in Central Africa Peters elephantnose fish (Gnathonemus ...The fish which is as long as a cigar hovers with its head inclined ...Zoologists from the University of Bonn have hidden the larvae there. ...The chin of Peters elephantnose fish is basically its eye. In its tai...,Elephantnose,fish,see,with,their,chin,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Illicit trafficking ofdiamonds from Central African Republic into neighboring Cameroonis helping finance the continuation of a nearly three-yearconflict, an expert panel that monitors U.N. sanctions said in aconfidential report.
Evaluation of HAT Sero K-SeT Rapid Diagnostic Test. • Rapid Diagnostic Test for Sleeping Sickness.. P. Büscher, Q. Gilleman and V. Lejon. New England Journal of Medecine 14: 1069-70, 2013. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc1210373. • Rapid diagnostic test for neurological infections in central Africa.. C.P. Yansouni, E. Bottieau, P. Lutumba, A.S. Winkler, L. Lynen, P. Büscher, J. Jacobs, P. Gillet, V. Lejon, E. Alirol, K. Polman, J. Utzinger, M.A. Miles, R.W. Peeling, J-J. Muyembe, F. Chappuis and M. Boelart. Lancet Infectious Diseases 13: 546-58, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23623369. Abstract. Infections are a leading cause of life-threatening neuropathology worldwide. In central African countries affected by endemic diseases such as human African trypanosomiasis, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and schistosomiasis, delayed diagnosis and treatment often lead to avoidable death or severe sequelae. Confirmatory microbiological and parasitological tests are essential because ...
Main Article. The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
Malaria Research and Treatment is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to all aspects of malaria.
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
In the light of the MIRA findings, the Revised Strategic Response Plan was launched on 19 January, outlining the humanitarian strategy for CAR in 2014. A substantial scaling up of operations is necessary in the short term to ensure the provision of protection and life-saving assistance to 1.9 million people. The Food Security Cluster is seeking USD 180 million to assist 1.25 million people ...
UGANDAN forces have killed a former bodyguard of Joseph Kony, a sign they are closing in on the fugitive rebel leader wanted for war crimes, an army commander said today.
As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important Americas voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. We cant do it without you-America Media relies on generous support from our readers. Please visit our membership page to learn how you can invest in our work by subscribing to the magazine or making a donation.. If youre already a subscriber or donor, thank you! If you login and register your print subscription number with your account, youll have unlimited access to the website. Please contact us at [email protected] with any questions. ...
By Joanne Mariner, Senior Crisis Response Adviser at Amnesty International In Banguis Nguingo neighbourhood, up the Oubangui river from the city center, people are scared.
He is from Oxford University, United Kingdom. His international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for dive..
Download Central African Republic Orange Blackberry MEP Unlock Code, Central African Republic Other Blackberry MEP Unlock Code, Dividing the Isthmus: Central American Transnational Histories, Literatures, and Cultures - Ana Patricia Rodr guez, The Banana Men: American Mercenaries and Entrepreneurs in Central America, 1880-1930 - , Thomas D. Schoonover, ...
Political relations France is the only European country with an embassy in Bangui (where the EU also has a delegation). On the strength of its (…)
Art.78: Anyone who, using food, beverages, drugs, maneuvers, violence or by any other means, has attempted to procure or induce the abortion of a pregnant woman or a pregnant woman, whether she has consented to it or not, will be punished by imprisonment of one to five years and a fine of 200,000 to 2,000,000 francs. The imprisonment shall be five to ten years and a fine of 500,000 to 1,000,000 francs if it is established that the offender has habitually committed the acts referred to in the preceding paragraph. Physicians, health personnel, midwives, surgeons, dentists, pharmacists, as well as medical students, students or employees in pharmacies, herbalists, bandagists, surgical instrument dealers, nurses, nurses and masseuses who favoured or procured the means of practicing abortion shall be sentenced to the penalties provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article. The suspension for at least five years or the absolute incapacity of the exercise of their function shall be pronounced ...
The Christian militiamen know hundreds of Muslims are hiding here on the grounds of the Catholic church and now theyre giving them a final ultimatum: Leave Central African Republic within a week or face death at the hands of machete-wielding youths.
Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Còte dIvoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo. Programme. There are increasing efforts in Western and Central Africa to link the WCPA network with the activities of the IUCN regional office. There are a number of protected area projects managed by regional and country offices in West & Central Africa and there is a need to better integrate the activities of WCPA with the implementation of those projects. Key Issues. African nations have created over 2 million sq km of protected areas. This massive size - four times the size of Spain - reflects both the vast size of Africa and a high level of commitment by African nations to the principles of conservation and sustainable development. African protected areas are the principal ...
Central African Republic is not an easy place to live. Its remote, jungle wilderness makes transportation and communication to the outside world difficult, and the threat of the Lords Resistance Army (LRA) and other rebel groups is very real and daunting. Many years ago, missionaries worked in this area, and, by Gods grace, the gospel took root among the Zande people. The local church is the hope of the world and of central Africa, and the Zande church in Zemio has been waiting for the missionaries to return. Steve and Sharon Entwistle came in 2015 to reconnect with these believers and prepare for a team of other AIM missionaries to return to the land. The church and the team hope to reach out together to their neighboring unreached people group: the Mbororo.. The Mbororo, which means "cattle herder" in the Fulani language, are a large semi-nomadic people group of 15-18 million who are spread across a horizontal zone from West Africa into central Africa, bound by the Sahara desert to the north ...
With its 49,039,986 people, South Korea is the 26th largest country in the world by population. It is the 109th largest country in the world by area with 99,720 square kilometers. An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japans surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country ...
Summary Isolates of yellow fever (YF) virus from Africa (Senegambia, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso) and from South America (Panama, Ecuador, Trinidad) were examined by oligonucleotide fingerprinting of the 40S genome RNA. Geographically isolated and epidemiologically unrelated viruses were very distinct. On the basis of the T1 oligonucleotide fingerprints of each isolate, four geographical variants (topotypes) of YF virus isolated within the same period of time have been established. The Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso topotypes were similar. In the Central African Republic, two variants could be found exhibiting 70 to 75% homology to one another. In South America, the three analysed strains exhibited only about 70% homology, but could be classified in the same topotype. The oligonucleotide fingerprints of the genome RNA offered a useful tool for the understanding of YF virus variability.
The synchronized vaccination campaign, one of the largest of its kind ever implemented in Africa, is part of urgent measures to permanently stop polio on the continent. All children under five years of age in the 13 countries - Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte dIvoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Sierra Leone - will be simultaneously immunized in a coordinated effort to raise childhood immunity to polio across the continent. In August 2016, four children were paralysed by the disease in security-compromised areas in Borno state, north-eastern Nigeria, widely considered to be the only place on the continent where the virus maintains its grip.. "Twenty years ago, Nelson Mandela launched the pan-African Kick Polio Out of Africa campaign," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa. "At that time, every single country on the continent was endemic to polio, and every year, more than 75 000 children were ...
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H(037) cough, H(076) ulcers, H(082)asthma, H(118) laryngitis, pharyngites, to grind together, gum Acacia raddiana, candy sugar, gum - mastic Pistacia lentiscus , sesame Sesamum indicum, encens Boswellia sp. gum Astragalus gummifer, pea - meager Cicer aritanum, beans Vicia fabal, to mix with some olive oil, dough, VO. 2X / day (whole Marocco ...

Crisis in Central African Republic: Violence continues in capital Bangui | America MagazineCrisis in Central African Republic: Violence continues in capital Bangui | America Magazine

Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious ... Catholics make up around a third of the 4.4 million inhabitants of the Central African Republic, one of the worlds poorest ... "We condemn every attempt at political recovery which aims at antagonizing Central Africans and setting them against each other ... Catholic leaders in the Central African Republic spoke of a humanitarian crisis and criticized attempts to fuel interreligious ...
more infohttps://www.americamagazine.org/issue/crisis-central-african-republic

Reportstack: The largest online library of market research reports: In-Depth Research on Central African Republic: Expansion of...Reportstack: The largest online library of market research reports: In-Depth Research on Central African Republic: Expansion of...

Central African Republic: Expansion of 2G/3G Coverage, Rising Mobile Data Adoption and Improvement in Broadband Connectivity to ... The telecom services revenue in Central African Republic is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 10.3% during 2016-2021, driven ... The overall telecom service revenue in Central African Republic is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 10.3% during 2016-2021. ... Economic, demographic and political context in Central African Republic.. - The regulatory environment and trends: a review of ...
more infohttp://reportstack.blogspot.in/2017/05/in-depth-research-on-central-african.html

African Central Bank - WikipediaAfrican Central Bank - Wikipedia

The African Central Bank (ACB) is one of the three financial institutions of the African Union. Over time, it will take over ... Africa portal AFRA (currency)- African Finance Regulatory Authority Abuja Treaty European Central Bank Economic Community of ... West African States (ECOWAS) Euro Central African CFA franc Amero The Common Monetary Area Eco (currency) Monetary union Paul R ... When it is fully implemented via Pan-African Parliament legislation, the ACB will be the sole issuer of the African Single ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_Central_Bank

South Africas Central Bank Keeps Rates on Hold - WSJSouth Africa's Central Bank Keeps Rates on Hold - WSJ

South Africas central bank kept its key interest rate on hold Thursday after falling oil prices drove down inflation in the ... PRETORIA, South Africa-South Africas central bank kept its key interest rate on hold Thursday after falling oil prices drove ... South Africas Central Bank Keeps Rates on Hold Falling Oil Prices are Driving Down Inflation. ...
more infohttps://www.wsj.com/articles/south-africas-central-bank-keeps-rates-on-hold-1422541593?mod=googlewsj

Central Africa - WikipediaCentral Africa - Wikipedia

... are also found in Central Africa, such as the Gbaya, Banda and Zande, in northern Central Africa. Notable Central African supra ... Play media Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, ... Some major ethnic groups in Central Africa are as follows: Geography portal Africa portal British Central Africa Protectorate ( ... Central Africa also includes many Nilo-Saharan and Niger-Congo Ubangian communities: in north western Central Africa the Nilo- ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Africa

Lower inflation eases pressure on South Africas central bank to match EM hikes | ReutersLower inflation eases pressure on South Africa's central bank to match EM hikes | Reuters

... as investors bet the central bank would hold rates unlike some emerging market countries that have tightened policy to support ... South African forward markets cut projections of a rate hike on Wednesday, after inflation fell, ... However, investors on Wednesday put their money on rates remaining on hold in 2018, arguing the South African central bank ... Lower inflation eases pressure on South Africas central bank to match EM hikes. ...
more infohttps://www.reuters.com/article/safrica-rates/lower-inflation-eases-pressure-on-south-africas-central-bank-to-match-em-hikes-idUSL8N1W531V

Central African - WiktionaryCentral African - Wiktionary

Central African (plural Central Africans). *A person from Central Africa (the Central African Republic) or of Central African ... or pertaining to the Central African Republic.. Translations[edit]. Of, from, or pertaining to Central Africa or the Central ... Of, from, or pertaining to Central Africa or to the Central African people. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Central_African&oldid=44164173" ...
more infohttps://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Central_African

British Central Africa | The BMJBritish Central Africa | The BMJ

British Central Africa. Br Med J 1908; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2471.1143 (Published 09 May 1908) Cite this as: Br ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/2471/1143.1

Diocese -  Central Africa -  BotswanaDiocese - Central Africa - Botswana

Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2017 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
more infohttp://www.anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches/member-church/diocese.aspx?church=central-africa&dio=botswana

Nola, Central African Republic - WikipediaNola, Central African Republic - Wikipedia

Nola is the capital of Sangha-Mbaéré, an economic prefecture of the Central African Republic. It is located at the confluence ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nola,_Central_African_Republic

Central Africa: Cameroon - Care2 News NetworkCentral Africa: Cameroon - Care2 News Network

Africa in miniature because it exhibits all the major climates and vegetation of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest ... Central Africa: Cameroon. World (tags: Cameroon, africa, children, pictures, sights, travel ) Kit - 1649 days ago - youtube.com ... We are going to the African Nation of Cameroon. 5 Facts You Might Not Know 1 Cameroon has an extremely diverse range of ... Fact 7: Cameroon has the tallest mountain in West Africa, Mount Cameroon. Fact 8: Cameroon is one of the wettest lands on the ...
more infohttp://www.care2.com/news/member/451276626/3627073

WCPA West and Central Africa | IUCNWCPA West and Central Africa | IUCN

African protected areas are the principal safeguard for Africas rich biodiversity.. Key African protected area issues include: ... There are a number of protected area projects managed by regional and country offices in West & Central Africa and there is a ... However, this is not the case in West and Central Africa and protected area strategies based around Tourism are less likely to ... There are increasing efforts in Western and Central Africa to link the WCPA network with the activities of the IUCN regional ...
more infohttps://www.iucn.org/theme/protected-areas/wcpa/where-we-work/wcpa-west-and-central-africa

Central African Republic elephant poaching risesCentral African Republic elephant poaching rises

Elephant meat is flooding food markets in villages near a famed wildlife reserve in Central African Republic one month after ... in Central African Republic. Elephant meat is flooding food markets in villages near a famed wildlife reserve in Central ... Central African Republics forest elephants have faced growing threats in recent years from Sudanese hunters on horseback who ... "Elephant poaching is on the increase and given the fact that Central African Republic for the moment is also in dire straits we ...
more infohttps://www.yahoo.com/news/central-african-republic-elephant-poaching-rises-191329985.html?.tsrc=warhol&ref=gs

Diocese -  Central Africa -  Upper ShireDiocese - Central Africa - Upper Shire

Published by the Anglican Communion Office © 2018 Anglican Consultative Council. Built thanks to the generosity of the Church Mission Publishing Company and the Compass Rose Society. Web Design by Zebedee Creations. ...
more infohttp://anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches/member-church/diocese.aspx?church=central-africa&dio=upper-shire

Central African RepublicCentral African Republic

Filed Under: Central African Republic Central African Republic: Muslims murder nearly 1,000 Christians over two-day period. Dec ... Filed Under: Central African Republic, journalistic bias Tagged With: featured. Central African Republic Muslims murder ... Filed Under: Central African Republic, Muslim persecution of Christians Muslims protest French operations in Central Africa ... Filed Under: Central African Republic, Muslim persecution of Christians Central African Republic: Muslims tell refugees at ...
more infohttps://www.jihadwatch.org/category/central-african-republic

Printing Central AfricaPrinting Central Africa

Loeries expand into Africa with new category. A new category for the 2012 Loeries, Rest of Africa and the Middle East, will ... Call for entries for Etisalat Pan-African prize for literature. 2016 Etisalat Pan-African prize for literature: call for ... African journo awards extends deadline. CNN International and MultiChoice announced at the end of last week that the deadline ... Bizcommunity.com - South Africas largest online B2B publisher - is set to grow even more with the introduction of 16 new ...
more infohttp://www.bizcommunity.com/415/73.html

Global Neighbours - West and Central AfricaGlobal Neighbours - West and Central Africa

... and theres a voluntary disarmament coming up in Central African Republic. ... American multimedia freelance journalist Ricci Shryock reports from the Republic of Senegal in West Africa, pop. 13,567,338 ( ... Global Neighbours - West and Central Africa. From Nights, 7:17 pm on 4 June 2014 ... and theres a voluntary disarmament coming up in Central African Republic. ...
more infohttps://www.radionz.co.nz/national/programmes/nights/audio/2598448/global-neighbours-west-and-central-africa

Central African Republic News & ViewsCentral African Republic News & Views

Latest news and videos from the World Banks work in Central African Republic, including press releases, loans and credits, ...
more infohttp://www.worldbank.org/en/country/centralafricanrepublic/news

French army deploys in Central African RepublicFrench army deploys in Central African Republic

Christians fearing reprisal attacks from the Muslim ex-rebels who control Central African Republic fled on foot by the ... Central African Republic (AP) - Christians fearing reprisal attacks from the Muslim ex-rebels who control Central African ... Central African Republic, one of the worlds poorest countries, has been wracked for decades by coups and rebellions. In March ... Christians fearing reprisal attacks from the Muslim ex-rebels who control Central African Republic fled on foot by the ...
more infohttps://www.yahoo.com/news/french-army-deploys-central-african-republic-132829702.html?ref=gs

Film & Cinematography Central AfricaFilm & Cinematography Central Africa

New film production hub for Africa. With a focus on African storytelling, the African Movie Channel has launched a production ... Africa Halal Week film, media programme is unveiled at 2018 CTIFMF. This week saw the unveiling of the Africa Halal Week Film ... Digital Lab Africa looking for content creators. The third edition of Digital Lab Africa will kick off at DISCOP Johannesburg ... The inaugural Africa Rising International Film Festival (Ariff) will be as part of the Global Festival Week in South Africa ...
more infohttp://www.bizcommunity.com/415/97.html

Easter Monday in Central African RepublicEaster Monday in Central African Republic

... Easter Monday is observed as a public holiday in many countries and is part of the ...
more infohttps://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/central-african-republic/easter-monday

Central African Republic | Oxfam InternationalCentral African Republic | Oxfam International

The continuing conflict in the Central African Republic has displaced tens of thousands of people both internally within the ... Oxfam in the Central African Republic. Oxfam has been present in the capital city Bangui since January 2014 and in Bria since ... Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, it has been facing humanitarian crisis for the last few ... One in six Central Africans remain displaced and half the population of 4.8 million is in need of humanitarian aid. ...
more infohttps://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/countries/central-african-republic

Central African Republic | Institut PasteurCentral African Republic | Institut Pasteur

Genomics study in Africa: demographic history and deleterious mutations. *Health and environment: Institut Pasteur and AFD ... Genomics study in Africa: demographic history and deleterious mutations. *Health and environment: Institut Pasteur and AFD ... The African Society of Venimology, French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD-France) and Institut ... The African Society of Venimology, French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD-France) and Institut ...
more infohttps://www.pasteur.fr/en/medical-center/prepare-your-travel/central-african-republic

MINUTES TELECONFERENCE CALL MIKE CENTRAL AFRICA, | CITESMINUTES TELECONFERENCE CALL MIKE CENTRAL AFRICA, | CITES

Central Africa, West Africa and East Africa).. There is some progress in West Africa. The IUCN office there has been chosen to ... ML would strongly support a closer interaction between the Central African and Southern African programme on the use of LEM ... There has not been any MIKE activity in East Africa so far. However Kenya has expressed interest in basing the central ... A regional meeting for Central Africa (CA) shall be convened early next year. The countries that did not participate in the ...
more infohttps://cites.org/esp/prog/MIKE/pilot/telemeet_Nov2000_CA.shtml

Agrobiotechnology Application in West and Central AfricaAgrobiotechnology Application in West and Central Africa

This report follows a survey of seven countries of West and Central Africa, assessing the strengths, weaknesses and ... funded by the West and Central African Centre for Agricultural Research and Development (WECARD), to analyse the capacity to ... apply agri-biotechnology for food security in West and Central Africa.. The report considers issues such as biotechnology ...
more infohttps://www.scidev.net/global/key-document/agrobiotechnology-application-in-west-and-central.html
  • Father Jose Maria Saba, treasurer of the Salesian province of Equatorial Tropical Africa, wrote confreres in the United States and expressed concern that there was no one to protect the people at the two centers. (americamagazine.org)
  • We condemn every attempt at political recovery which aims at antagonizing Central Africans and setting them against each other under the pretext of religious affiliations," the archbishop said in the message, co-signed by Bishop Nestor Nongo Aziagbia of Bossangoa, the conference's vice president. (americamagazine.org)
  • The Seleka rebels have since been forced from power, but Christian and Muslim militias have continued to clash despite the presence of French and African peacekeepers in the country. (cnn.com)
  • And rather than produce inspiring true life films on the exploits and adventures of missionaries such as David Livingstone (who more than any other successfully campaigned to end the vicious Muslim slave trade in Africa), Hollywood delights in glamorising degenerate gangsters and other unsavoury characters as modern heroes. (frontline.org.za)
  • This massive size - four times the size of Spain - reflects both the vast size of Africa and a high level of commitment by African nations to the principles of conservation and sustainable development. (iucn.org)
  • Provides information on this project, which focuses on the conservation of the endangered mountain gorillas of central Africa by providing them with veterinary care. (dmoztools.net)
  • Africa portal AFRA (currency)- African Finance Regulatory Authority Abuja Treaty European Central Bank Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Euro Central African CFA franc Amero The Common Monetary Area Eco (currency) Monetary union Paul R. Masson and Heather Milkiewicz (Jul 2003). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this is not the case in West and Central Africa and protected area strategies based around Tourism are less likely to be successful. (iucn.org)
  • There is considerable legislation relating to protected areas in West and Central Africa at national levels, however a large percentage of this legislation is out of date, and, in many cases, lacks the sufficient resources and mechanisms to ensure effective implementation. (iucn.org)
  • Developments in West and Central Africa, such as in the W National Park, should be encouraged and expanded. (iucn.org)
  • There is some progress in West Africa. (cites.org)
  • This report follows a survey of seven countries of West and Central Africa, assessing the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for the application of biotechnology in the subregion. (scidev.net)
  • Sponsored by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, the original survey led to a second, more in-depth study, funded by the West and Central African Centre for Agricultural Research and Development (WECARD), to analyse the capacity to apply agri-biotechnology for food security in West and Central Africa. (scidev.net)
  • West Africa became known as "the white mans graveyard" . (frontline.org.za)
  • JOHANNESBURG, Sept 19 (Reuters) - South African forward markets cut projections of a rate hike on Wednesday, after inflation fell, as investors bet the central bank would hold rates unlike some emerging market countries that have tightened policy to support weakening currencies. (reuters.com)
  • The third edition of Digital Lab Africa will kick off at DISCOP Johannesburg this month and opportunities exist for participants in the field of digital content creation. (bizcommunity.com)
  • Gerard Araud told a UN meeting on Wednesday that African Union and French forces were confronting a "nearly impossible" situation. (bbc.co.uk)
  • CNN International and MultiChoice this week officially launched the CNN MultiChoice African Journalist 2013 Awards. (bizcommunity.com)
  • CNN International and MultiChoice announced at the end of last week that the deadline for entries for the CNN MultiChoice African Journalist 2012 Awards have been extended to Wednesday, 22 February 2012, and the judging to take place in April this year. (bizcommunity.com)
  • The Zanzibar International Film Festival (ZIFF) has announced influential South African film duo Faith Isiakpere and Firdoze Bulbulia as its new CEO and festival director respectively. (bizcommunity.com)
  • The creation of the ACB, due to be completed by 2020, a roll out pilot project began May, 2015 to be supervised by the monetary and insurance group ASTAG - African Star Treaty Alliance Group. (wikipedia.org)
  • France, the former colonial power, has deployed 1,600 troops to try to restore peace, along with an African Union force of some 5,000. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Tourism offers major potential for development in Eastern and Southern Africa. (iucn.org)