A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Agents used to treat RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
The status of health in rural populations.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
Sexual activities of humans.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A republic in eastern Africa, on the Gulf of Aden at the entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is also the name of its capital.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in eastern Africa bounded on the north by RWANDA and on the south by TANZANIA. Its capital is Bujumbura.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The status of health in urban populations.
Size and composition of the family.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (1/2725)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

Short course antiretroviral regimens to reduce maternal transmission of HIV.(2/2725)

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Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups. (3/2725)

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

Candidate parasitic diseases. (4/2725)

This paper discusses five parasitic diseases: American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and schistosomiasis. The available technology and health infrastructures in developing countries permit the eradication of dracunculiasis and the elimination of lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti. Blindness due to onchocerciasis and transmission of this disease will be prevented in eleven West African countries; transmission of Chagas disease will be interrupted. A well-coordinated international effort is required to ensure that scarce resources are not wasted, efforts are not duplicated, and planned national programmes are well supported.  (+info)

Relative influences of sex, race, environment, and HIV infection on body composition in adults. (5/2725)

BACKGROUND: The factors that control body composition in disease are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We planned to compare the relative influences of HIV infection, sex, race, and environment on body composition. METHODS: We analyzed results of body composition studies performed by bioelectrical impedance analysis in 1415 adults from 2 cohorts: white and African American men and women from the United States, and African men and women (279 HIV-infected and 1136 control). The effects of sex and HIV infection on weight, body cell mass, and fat-free mass were analyzed by using both unadjusted and age-, weight-, and height-adjusted data. RESULTS: Control men weighed more and had more body cell mass and fat-free mass than did control women, although control women had more fat. The strongest correlates with body composition were height and weight, followed by sex. HIV infection, age, environment, and race. Control men and women weighed more and had more body cell mass, fat-free mass, and fat than did HIV-infected men. However, differences in body composition between HIV-infected and control groups were strongly influenced by sex. Of the differences in weight between HIV-infected and uninfected subjects, fat-free mass accounted for 51% in men but only 18% in women, in whom the remainder was fat. Sex effects were similar in African and American groups. CONCLUSIONS: Sex has a marked effect on the changes in body composition during HIV infection, with women losing disproportionately more fat than men. Sex-related differences in body composition were narrower in the HIV-infected groups. Race and environment had smaller effects than sex and HIV infection.  (+info)

X chromosome evidence for ancient human histories. (6/2725)

Diverse African and non-African samples of the X-linked PDHA1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha subunit) locus revealed a fixed DNA sequence difference between the two sample groups. The age of onset of population subdivision appears to be about 200 thousand years ago. This predates the earliest modern human fossils, suggesting the transformation to modern humans occurred in a subdivided population. The base of the PDHA1 gene tree is relatively ancient, with an estimated age of 1.86 million years, a late Pliocene time associated with early species of Homo. PDHA1 revealed very low variation among non-Africans, but in other respects the data are consistent with reports from other X-linked and autosomal haplotype data sets. Like these other genes, but in conflict with microsatellite and mitochondrial data, PDHA1 does not show evidence of human population expansion.  (+info)

Geographic distribution and evolution of Sindbis virus in Australia. (7/2725)

The molecular epidemiology and evolution of Sindbis (SIN) virus in Australia was examined. Several SIN virus strains isolated from other countries were also included in the analysis. Two regions of the virus genome were sequenced including a 418 bp region of the E2 gene and a 484 bp region containing part of the junction region and the 5' end of the C gene. Analysis of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence data from 40 SIN virus isolates clearly separated the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian genetic types of SIN virus. Examination of the Australian strains showed a temporal rather than geographic relationship. This is consistent with the virus having migratory birds as the major vertebrate host, as it allows for movement of virus over vast areas of the continent over a relatively short period of time. The results suggest that the virus is being periodically redistributed over the continent from an enzootic focus of evolving SIN virus. However, SIN virus strains isolated from mosquitoes collected in the south-west of Australia appear to represent a new SIN virus lineage, which is distinct from the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian lineages. Given the widespread geographic dispersal of the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian lineages, it is surprising that the South-west genetic type is so restricted in its area of circulation. Nucleotide sequence data from the C gene of the prototype strain of the alphavirus Whataroa were also determined. This virus was found to be genetically distinct from the SIN virus isolates included in the present study; however, it is clearly SIN-like and appears to have evolved from a SIN-like ancestral virus.  (+info)

Reforming the health sector in developing countries: the central role of policy analysis. (8/2725)

Policy analysis is an established discipline in the industrialized world, yet its application to developing countries has been limited. The health sector in particular appears to have been neglected. This is surprising because there is a well recognized crisis in health systems, and prescriptions abound of what health policy reforms countries should introduce. However, little attention has been paid to how countries should carry out reforms, much less who is likely to favour or resist such policies. This paper argues that much health policy wrongly focuses attention on the content of reform, and neglects the actors involved in policy reform (at the international, national sub-national levels), the processes contingent on developing and implementing change and the context within which policy is developed. Focus on policy content diverts attention from understanding the processes which explain why desired policy outcomes fail to emerge. The paper is organized in 4 sections. The first sets the scene, demonstrating how the shift from consensus to conflict in health policy established the need for a greater emphasis on policy analysis. The second section explores what is meant by policy analysis. The third investigates what other disciplines have written that help to develop a framework of analysis. And the final section suggests how policy analysis can be used not only to analyze the policy process, but also to plan.  (+info)

The MIM Secretariat is the coordinating arm of the MIM, initially based in London at the Wellcome Trust (1997-1999) then at Fogarty International Center at NIH, US (1999-2001) and subsequently at the Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden (2003-2005) and at African Malaria Network Trust(AMANET) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania(2006- 2010). From October 15, 2010, the Biotechnology Centre of the University of Yaounde I/Armsterdam Medical Centre officially became the new host of the MIM secretariatand. ...
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease causing fever, chills and flu-like illness that can be fatal. Despite an increased focus on malaria, it still claims hundreds of thousands of lives each year, most of them children in Africa. Poor quality antimalarial drugs, which lead to drug resistance and inadequate treatment, are also a growing concern, posing an urgent threat to vulnerable populations.. Fogarty has supported a wide range of efforts to combat malaria, including the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria, an international effort to identify and address malaria research priorities. Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, a joint NIH - National Science Foundation (NSF) initiative, funds malaria-related projects in Kenya, Papua New Guinea, Belize and more. Through the Global Infectious Disease program, Fogarty has supported research training efforts that advance scientific discoveries, while developing local malaria research capacity in places where its needed most.. Fogartys epidemiology ...
The location of early malaria expertise had a big impact on what was studied, says Priebe. And a growing realisation that the Western focus of research had occurred at the expense of finding ways of preventing malaria in endemic areas resulted, in the late 1990s, in the creation of the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM).…
By Ify Aniebo Last week, I attended the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria conference in Dakar, Senegal, where researchers from across the Afric...
Africa United - Official Site.Accept Cookies? Yes Wait Leave Learn More (external site) ... Accept Cookies? Yes Leave Learn More (external site)--Africa United - Home , Facebook.Africa United. 36 likes. ÁFRICA UNITED es espacio dedicado a dar la oportunidad de jugar al fútbol.--Africa United.Africa United en 7:27 No hay comentarios: viernes, 6 de marzo de 2009. Llego con la temporada. Ya es oficial y no hay vuelta atrás acá les presentamos el escudo ...--Green Africa United Front , Facebook.Green Africa United Front. 7 Me gusta. Producto/servicio--Africa United gratis online - vepelis.com.Ver Africa United (2010) Online, Pelicula Africa United (2010) Online Latino Castellano Subtitulado, Africa United (2010) en vk, Descargar Africa United (2010) DVDRIP ...--In the Name of Love: Artists United for Africa , Facebook.In the Name of Love: Artists United for Africa. Álbum--United Maasai Women Kenya Africa - About , Facebook.See contact information and details about United Maasai Women Kenya ...
(Arthur) Bryce Courtenay: (Arthur) Bryce Courtenay, South African-born Australian author (born Aug. 14, 1933, South Africa-died Nov. 22, 2012, Canberra, Australia), achieved astonishing success with
Based on informal discussions with a range of scholars across the African continent, it was felt that there was a need for a scholarly publisher located in Africa, focusing on African content, and targeting an African audience. It had also been expressed by a number of researchers, and was of wider potential interest - given the authors institutional situation and context at the time, as well as management imperatives - that the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) could use its existing capacity and strengths in the area of African studies, specifically from a social science and development perspective, and its networks on the African continent, to form a possible institutional base for such a press, through the expansion of its publishing division. But there was no certainty as to whether this was in fact a viable business idea. Thus, this study carries out a feasibility study, to investigate and evaluate whether a scholarly press focusing on African material would be viable in the current ...
KDDI is blazing an exciting trail in telco innovation, but its path is far from the only one. Consider an operator working with a very different set of circumstances: Airtel Africa.. Airtel Africa stands at a different place in its network transformation journey. Its customers have less interest in exploring new 5G possibilities - and indeed, Airtel Africas 5G plans are still several years out. African enterprise and consumer customers care very much, しかしながら, about getting reliable, always-on data services everywhere they need them. Given the unique challenges of the African continent - vast distances to cover, extreme geographic and weather variation, lack of power grid availability in many places - delivering that is no simple task. 同時に, those challenges create opportunities to use new telco cloud and virtualisation technologies in innovative ways.. In many African markets, mobile handsets serve as the primary gateway for consumers to access the digital world. ...
Dear Africa Can readers, weve heard from many of you since our former Africa Chief Economist Shanta Devarajan left the region for a new Bank position that you want Africa Can to continue highlighting the economic challenges and amazing successes that face the continent. We agree. Today, we are re-launching Africa Can as a forum for discussing ideas about economic policy reform in Africa as a useful, if not essential, tool in the quest to end poverty in the region. Youll continue to hear from many of the same bloggers who youve followed over the past five years, and youll hear from many new voices - economists working in African countries and abroad engaging in the evidence-based debate that will help shape reform. On occasion, youll hear from me, the new Deputy Chief Economist for the World Bank in Africa. We invite you to continue to share your ideas and challenge ours in pursuit of development that really works to improve the lives of all people throughout Africa. Here is my first post. I look
BriefCanadeans, Flavored Milk Market in African continent to 2020: Market Guide offers a snapshot of Flavored Milk consumption in African continent. The quantitative ...
When former president Jacob Zuma was arrested on July 7, 2021 and jailed for refusing to appear at an inquiry into high-level corruption during his nine years in office, his supporters took to the streets to demand his release. The protests quickly evolved into widespread looting as rioters blocked major highways and set fire to chemical plants, farms and food storage facilities. The violence claimed more than 200 lives and caused billions of rands worth of damage. However, this hasnt affected South Africa alone as it is sub-Saharan Africas most developed economy, and plays a key economic and political role on the African continent and especially to its neighbouring countries. Now SADC countries are asking various experts and government technocrats responsible for enhancing their countries production capacities, whether the possibility of becoming less reliant on South Africa for the importation of goods and services is a possibility.
la cultura africana (it); Kulture de Afrika (nov); Aafrika kultuur (et); Cultura dÁfrica (ast); Cultura dÀfrica (ca); Àṣà ilẹ̀ Áfríkà (yo); Afrikanische Kultur (de); Cultura da África (pt); فرهنگ آفریقا (fa); 非洲文化 (zh); Naakáí łizhiní (nv); Kultura ng Aprika (tl); Tamaduni ya Kiafrika (sw); Cultura de África (es); अफ़्रीका की संस्कृति (hi); アフリカの文化 (ja); Afrigʻiylar madaniyati (uz); culture of Africa (en); ثقافة أفريقيا (ar); Культура Африки (ru); Категорија:Култура Африке (sr) culture of Africa (af); Sammelbegriff für die Kulturen Schwarzafrikas (de) Cultura de Africa (es); Culture of Africa (yo); Cultura africana (pt); African culture (en); فرهنگ افریقا (fa); Kalinangan ng Aprika, Kulturang Aprikano, Aprikanong kultura, Kalinangang Aprikano, Kultura sa Aprika, Culture from Africa, Aprikanong kalinangan, Culture in Africa, Culture of Africa, ...
South Africa is a country of diverse culture and origin with an important role in the history and development of the African continent. History of South Africa First of all, the first humans could have lived in South Africa: archeological finds have suggested...
Vipula Shukla, senior program officer, who was heavily involved with the discussions around the second phase of N2Africa said the N2Africa approach is one that other projects should adopt! It was a superb opportunity to present recent advances in our work through N2Africa and to explore how we can strengthen links with other initiatives funded by the foundation. Many thanks indeed to Charlene for the invitation to showcase our work to the foundation. I hope you have also experienced the positive vibes one gains form such positive interactions. We all left Seattle with new energy and enthusiasm to continue our work with N2Africa.. This Podcaster contains a rich collection of contributions. Louise Sperling, who was on the N2Africa Advisory Committee during our first phase, shares her ideas on last mile delivery of new legume varieties to farmers. In addition to updates from N2Africa in Kenya and Zimbabwe, we have news on the Legume Alliance in Tanzania - from George Odour on our collaboration ...
South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity, all of which have made the country a favored destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid (Afrikaans: apartness, or racial segregation) in 1994.
In early April, the African region had less than 6,700 confirmed cases of COVID-19, a significantly lower count than the more than 112,000 cases reported in the western pacific and the more than 655,000 cases reported in Europe at that time. A study published in The Lancet in late February notes that the African continent “has remained relatively unaffected” by COVID-19 while
1. Introduction to the 2002-2004 research The preparatory activities for the World Summit on Information Society (2003-2005) together with other multilateral initiatives in the ICT field initiated (e.g. UN ICT Task Force, Dot Force, Global Knowledge Partnership) initiated a process of development of a specialised language of ICT diplomacy.
IBTM Africa is the highly targeted table-top event for the continents Meetings & Events industry bringing together buyers and suppliers of incentives, meetings and business travel for three days of business appointments, education and networking. Highlights of the event will include the IBTM Africa Forum which kick-starts the event with keynote speaker Alex Granger who will be followed by a live panel debate on the future meetings industry growth in Africa. Totally dedicated to inbound business it is the unrivalled event for African and Indian Ocean suppliers to meet with international Hosted Buyers. Bettina Wiethoff, Manager Global Accounts, HelmsBriscoe Middle East, who will be attending as a Hosted Buyer says, the event is perfect for the current Meeting trends where attendees are looking for an experience, a sense of place, being in nature and IBTM Africa is the platform to facilitate this. IBTM Africa will provide the opportunity for international Hosted Buyers to meet with African and ...
Did you know which country has the highest urban population in the African continent? or which is most rural? Neither did we, until we produced the next thematic map on Africa. The map visualizes with color codes, the different countries in Africa and their Urban population.. Percentage of urban population is indicative of development in a country, more the urban population the better the overall development ...
This report presents an overview of funding by foundations based in the United States for health-related activities in Africa for the three-year report from 2000 through 2002. It describes funding to countries and regions in Africa, and it examines the amount of funding and the number of grants for seven general health categories and eight general funding areas. It is especially useful for funders already supporting health in Africa, funders interested in becoming involved in supporting health and health-related activities in Africa, and other stakeholders. An qappendix of regular funders in health matters is included.
Get Horn of Africa essential facts. View Videos or join the Horn of Africa discussion. Add Horn of Africa to your Like2do.com topic list or share. Horn of Africa at like2do.com
Welcome to the Africa Reading Challenge. I have absolutely no reason for hosting nor urging you to participate in this challenge save for the joy of discovering and reading African literature! Here are the details: Challenge Period January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 Region The entire African continent, including its island-states, which are often…
Welcome to the Africa Reading Challenge. I have absolutely no reason for hosting nor urging you to participate in this challenge save for the joy of discovering and reading African literature! Here are the details: Challenge Period January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 Region The entire African continent, including its island-states, which are often…
Download Afro-American Male and Female Business Coaches Giving Lecture to Employees Stock Video by AnnaStills. Subscribe to Envato Elements for unlimited Stock Video downloads for a single monthly fee. Subscribe and Download now!
Find info concerning The University of Wisconsin Platteville Afro-American studies. Completion of a college degree program can qualify you to enter the workforce immediately. To get started, browse degree programs and certificate courses online.
Find information about Hesston College Afro-American studies. You can start working in a high-paying field with just an associates or a bachelors degree. To begin, browse accredited college degree programs and certificate courses online.
Africa is a very diverse continent, with each country, or even each part of a country having its own unique culture. While it is common for people in the West to refer to Africa as if it was a single country, one should remember the sheer size of the continent, and that Africa is not one country but 54 different countries, meaning that it is impossible to make generalisations of Africa as a whole.
Africa is a very diverse continent, with each country, or even each part of a country having its own unique culture. While it is common for people in the West to refer to Africa as if it was a single country, one should remember the sheer size of the continent, and that Africa is not one country but 54 different countries, meaning that it is impossible to make generalisations of Africa as a whole.
On the occasion of World Water Week, the HEINEKEN Africa Foundation commits 5 million euros to fight COVID-19 in Africa in the coming year. As a first step, the Foundation will support WaterAid and World Vision with 2.5 million euros. With this support vulnerable communities in 8 countries in sub-Saharan Africa will receive access to water, soap and hygiene information. Africa is experiencing a continuing increase in Covid-19 cases in a growing number of countries. Coordination between...
Three INDEPTH Board members paid a visit to the INDEPTH Resource and Training Centre to look a the status of the projects and other activities ...
Africa Health IT News (AHIT) is primarily focused to the needs of health practitioners and other stakeholders in Africa. The content of Africa Health IT News is partly to showcase the positive trends in Africa healthcare which would not be mentioned or highlighted in most media ...
Africa Health IT News (AHIT) is primarily focused to the needs of health practitioners and other stakeholders in Africa. The content of Africa Health IT News is partly to showcase the positive trends in Africa healthcare which would not be mentioned or highlighted in most media ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Human heredity and health (H3) in africa kidney disease research network. T2 - A focus on methods in sub-Saharan Africa. AU - Osafo, Charlotte. AU - Raji, Yemi Raheem. AU - Burke, David. AU - Tayo, Bamidele O.. AU - Tiffin, Nicki. AU - Moxey-Mims, Marva M.. AU - Rasooly, Rebekah S.. AU - Kimmel, Paul L.. AU - Ojo, Akinlolu. AU - Adu, Dwomoa. AU - Parekh, Rulan S.. PY - 2015/12/7. Y1 - 2015/12/7. N2 - CKD affects an estimated 14% of adults in sub-Saharan Africa, but very little research has been done on the cause, progression, and prevention of CKD there. As part of the Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) Consortium, the H3Africa Kidney Disease Research Network was established to study prevalent forms of kidney disease in sub-Saharan Africa and increase the capacity for genetics and genomics research. The study is performing comprehensive phenotypic characterization and analyzing environmental and genetic factors from nine clinical centers in four African countries ...
The impact African nations will have on the world stage will determine the rate of development the continent will grow at. Africa must strengthen relationships amongst its own countries and the world at large to have meaningful influence going forward. This article looks at the influence some African countries have in the world.. 1. South Africa. South Africa is the only African country that is a member of the G20 and BRICS (the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa grouping), and the only African country of the EUs 10 global strategic partners. This is mainly because South Africa is the EUs largest trading partner in Africa but it certainly gives the country a global clout that Nigeria currently lacks. Nelson Mandelas profile and the international activism of his successor, Thabo Mbeki, saw the former apartheid pariah state significantly increase its leverage in Africa and globally after 1994, and it simultaneously benefited from several years of healthy economic growth.. ...
Top 10 Largest Cities in South Africa (2021). 53 rows Feb 12, This is a list of municipalities of South facetimepc.co largest metropolitan areas . Oct 14, Known as South Africa s busiest and the largest city in KwaZulu-Natal, Durban city is where it s happening, nice weather, beaches and great cultural mix to .. South Africa is quite big with a corresponding population. Compared to some other countries in the world, the cities in South Africa are known all over the world for their rich cultural heritage, breathtaking beauty.. Here is a list of the largest cities citie South Africa and their population density. The city is makor centre for tourist attraction founded in Cape Town in It gives a true representation of a cauldron of cultures from around South Africa, Africa, and the citiss. Despite being a busy area, the city still citiew the coolest place to visit in South Africa.. Afriica warmth, subtropical weather and vast, what are the major cities of south africa beaches are part of the reasons ...
South Africa accused Trump of stoking racial divisions with the comments, which it called misinformed.. African politicians also labeled Trump a racist in January after he was reported to have described some immigrants from Africa and Haiti as coming from shithole countries.. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa told reporters this month that he had met Trump since the tweets on farm seizures but that the U.S. president mainly talked to him about golf.. Ramaphosa has said repeatedly that plans to accelerate the pace of land reform to address racial disparities in land ownership will follow a parliamentary process and that land grabs will not be tolerated.. President Donald J. Trump announced his intent to nominate … Lana J. Marks of Florida, to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to South Africa, the White House said in a statement on Wednesday.. The United States has not had an ambassador in South Africa since Patrick Gaspard vacated ...
CEOAFRICA is the first business social media network designed to identifying and celebrating African leadership and entrepreneurship, thus creating a medium for positive change in African economy. CEO AFRICA is an electronic, online and TV News platform for Captains of Industries, Chief Executives of Corporate organisations, Executive Directors, Chairmen of conglomerate, Managing Directors, Heads of Governments, legislative and judiciary arms of government, to form a common business frontier that will position African Continent as the world leading economy. CEO AFRICA is borne out of the passion to see Africa emerge the world economic power come 2060. Africa is endowed with human, capital and mineral resources, and if well harnessed will situate Africa as the hope of the rest of the world.
CEOAFRICA is the first business social media network designed to identifying and celebrating African leadership and entrepreneurship, thus creating a medium for positive change in African economy. CEO AFRICA is an electronic, online and TV News platform for Captains of Industries, Chief Executives of Corporate organisations, Executive Directors, Chairmen of conglomerate, Managing Directors, Heads of Governments, legislative and judiciary arms of government, to form a common business frontier that will position African Continent as the world leading economy. CEO AFRICA is borne out of the passion to see Africa emerge the world economic power come 2060. Africa is endowed with human, capital and mineral resources, and if well harnessed will situate Africa as the hope of the rest of the world.
Dear friends and colleagues,. It is truly my honour to welcome you all to the 2nd Biennial Pan African Thoracic Society Congress in our beautiful city of Durban, South Africa. The theme for our congress is Siza iAfrika iphefumule: Help Africa Breathe . This is reflected in our focus on the Triple threat of disease which includes: communicable diseases, non-communicable disease and globalization and their impact on lung health on the African continent.. After our first very successful congress in Nairobi, Kenya under the leadership of Professor Joseph Alouch, we hope to expand our reach and grow our society during this congress. The Pan African Thoracic Society seeks to be the premier society that brings together all Thoracic Societies in Africa under one umbrella, to improve our advocacy role and share locally relevant research and best practices across the African continent. To this aim we have an exciting program which has pre-congress skills building workshops on exciting topics which ...
http://www.pambazuka.org/images/en/357/46990diagr.jpgAfrica is certainly important trade partner for China, the volume increasing from $11 billion in 2000 to some $40 billion in 2005. China has a growing trade surplus with Africa. According to UNDP (2007), China has become the third largest trading partner of Africa, following the United States and France. China has focused primarily on the import of a limited number of products - oil and hard commodities for a few selected African countries . Chinas trade with Africa represents only a small proportion of Africas trade with the rest of the world, and is comparable to Indias trade with Africa, although both have been growing rapidly. China imports from Africa five main commodities - oil, iron ore, cotton, diamonds and logs. The export of these commodities, and in particular oil, has grown significantly in the last ten years. A few African countries (Sudan, Ghana, Tanzania, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya) source a significant share of ...
It is clear from the information stated in the first paragraph that WhatsApp has a very powerful platform on the African continent. Hence, African governments need to use this platform significantly to spread awareness about COVID-19 so that their citizens are well informed. In order to make effective strides in combating this virus, which is currently on the rise on the continent, a regional response is of absolute necessity. The African Union (AU) in this regard is the institution in question and has already acted quickly to come up with frameworks to counter the spread of the coronavirus. One such strategy being the Africa Joint Continental Strategy for COVID-19 OUTBREAK which supports collaboration across the AU in line with the guidance stated by the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC). In this strategy, under section 2.5 of its second objective: Risk Communication and Social Engagement, it states working with the media and continuous engagement with traditional ...
The prevalence of diabetes is drastically increasing in every part of the African continent where repeated surveys have been conducted. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the number of affected people in Africa will double within 20 years, from 12 million in 2010 to 24 million in 2030. Similarly, an increase is being observed in African diasporas of Western countries. In addition, there are some clinical presentations of diabetes that are predominantly observed in populations of African descent and that are difficult to classify. The most characteristic is ketosis-prone atypical diabetes, previously identified under idiopathic type 1 diabetes, which may represent up to 15% of all newly diagnosed diabetes in African-origin populations. This chapter, therefore, focuses on epidemiological specificities of diabetes in Africa, on the clinical specificities, and on atypical clinical presentations.
In February 2009, upon being elected chairman of the 53-nation African Union in Ethiopia, Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa.[6] The BBC reported that Gaddafi had proposed a single African military force, a single currency and a single passport for Africans to move freely around the continent. Other African leaders stated they would study the proposals implications, and re-discuss it in May 2009.[7]. The focus for developing the United States of Africa so far has been on building subdivisions of Africa - the proposed East African Federation can be seen as an example of this. Former President of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade, had indicated that the United States of Africa could exist from as early as 2017.[8] The African Union, by contrast, has set itself the task of building a united and integrated Africa by 2025.[9] Gaddafi had also indicated that the proposed federation may extend as ...
Africa Renewal: You are attending a meeting on industrialization in developing countries, which includes many African countries. How does Africa fit in the picture?. Li Yong: The ECOSOC [UNs Economic and Social Council] meeting is important because of SDG 9, which calls for inclusive sustainable industrialization, innovation and infrastructure. Africa has to compete within the global value chain, the manufacturing value addition and with the growth and speed of other regions. Two-thirds of the least developed countries are in Africa. Due to underdevelopment of the industrial sector, some countries are not growing fast enough.. What are the factors hindering Africas industrialization?. The sudden drop in commodity prices caused problems because it lowered the competitiveness of commodities-dependent countries.. But commodity prices dropped only recently.. No, not just recently. Lets say this has been the case throughout the last century. But let me talk about factors hindering ...
/PRNewswire/ -- Health Robotics i.v.STATION Robot continued on its undeterred path to collect endorsements and customer testimonials from pharmacists all over...
South Africa provinces, South Africa geography, South Africa travel and tourism information, South Africa internet resources, links to South Africa provinces. Official web sites of South Africa provinces, their capitals and major cities
There will also be red carpet photographs , media interviews, entertainment, dinner and lots of other activities. The Founders of Women4Africa, Sam and Tola Onigbanjo, have a simple vision for Women4Africa, to showcase and give evidence of the ordinary African woman doing extraordinary things.. Join us at the Great Hall, Hornton Street W8 7NX Kensington London on Saturday 21st May for a truly enjoyable evening.. Visit the Women4Africa website for more information.. Press contact: [email protected] General enquiries: [email protected] ...
Hail to the chief? Chinese President Xi Jinping in Tanzania with President Kikwete with their spouses. China has committed billions to Africa as it seeks access to raw materials. The global economy is fueled by our demand for digital technology. To meet such a demand, developed economies scramble in Africa to secure precious minerals and metals.. In this Digital Age, China has become the worlds second largest economy due to this scramble. As the main source that fuels the global digital economy, Africa lags behind the rest of the world in digital production and consumption. China is a global leader in digital production and consumption - thus we see, Chinas development and Africas underdevelopment.. According to Dr. Walter Rodney in his classic How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Europe along with the United States became a global economic power by way of capturing Africas precious resources, especially gold, diamond, cooper, iron, coal, ivory, and oil through questionable means. Dr. Rodney ...
Africa is home to 491 fintech startups, which are together building a new vision for the financial services industry in Africa.The Finnovating for Africa 2019: Reimagining the African financial services landscape report considers data compiled by Disrupt Africa over four and a half years on fintech startups active in 28 countries across Africa. While South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya are at the forefront of startup activity in the fintech sector, the research shows a number of other local fintech ecosystems are beginning to emerge, while the space is showing increasing signs of maturity. Funding, meanwhile, has been rising exponentially, with the sector proving the most attractive to investors in African tech.The report looks in-depth at nine sub-categories in the fintech arena, analysing more established spaces such as payments and remittances, and lending and financing, but also developing categories like investtech, insurtech and blockchain.The publication also includes:- Consideration of the regional
Extremely arid conditions in tropical Africa occurred in several discrete episodes between 135 and 90 ka...Fossil and sedimentological data show that Lake Malawi itself, currently 706 m deep, was reduced to an ~125 m deep saline, alkaline, well mixed lake. This episode of aridity was far more extreme than any experienced in the Afrotropics during the Last Glacial Maximum (~35-15 ka). Aridity diminished after 95 ka, lake levels rose erratically, and salinity/alkalinity declined, reaching near-modern conditions after 60 ka. This record of lake levels and changing limnological conditions provides a framework for interpreting the evolution of the Lake Malawi fish and invertebrate species flocks. Moreover, this record, coupled with other regional records of early Late Pleistocene aridity, places new constraints on models of Afrotropical biogeographic refugia and early modern human population expansion into and out of tropical Africa ...
Photo Credit: AHAIC Conference. The independent Africa Health Agenda International Conference (AHAIC) Commission has unveiled the State of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Africa Report.. The reports executive summary was released on the first day of AHAIC 2021 conference - a biennial convening of health ministers, private sector leaders, civil society and representatives from multilateral organizations taking place virtually from 8-10 March 2021.. The report highlights the progress made by African countries towards realizing Health for All and details the challenges and opportunities faced by countries in achieving UHC. Compiled between November 2020 and March 2021, the State of UHC in Africa report takes stock of Africas progress in fulfilling commitments made by African leaders over the years, such as the Abuja Declaration (2001), the Africa Health Strategy (2007-2015, 2016-2030) and the Addis Ababa Call to Action on UHC (2019). It acknowledges the impact of colonial legacies, poor ...
Food Price Crisis, Inflation Risks, Mark Plant, IMF and the Food Crisis, Multilateral Initiative, Middle East Regional OUtllok, Emerging Markets Resilience, Côte dIvoires Comeback, Ghanas Financial Reforms, Islamic Banks and Financial Stability, Report on IMF Governance, Tom Bernes, News Briefs.
In conclusion, we propose that the ancestral H2′ haplotype arose in eastern or central Africa and spread to southern Africa before the emergence of anatomically modern humans…Approximately 2.3 million years ago, the inversion rearranged to what we now refer as the direct orientation haplotype (H1′). This haplotype spread throughout the Homo ancestral populations in the African continent, virtually replacing the H2′ haplotype and becoming the predominant haplotype. We note that both the Denisova and Neandertal sister groups are predicted to have H1′ haplotypes…These early haplotypes were much simpler in their duplication architecture, similar to the patterns seen in great apes. We find that the more complex duplication architectures are particularly enriched in populations that migrated out of Africa. On the basis of sequence at the duplication loci, we estimate that the H2-specific duplication event occurred approximately 1.3 million years ago. Independent of the H2 duplication, the ...
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Soap making machine in South Africa - August 2020- Soap machines in South Africa ,Explore 2 listings for Soap making machine in South Africa at best prices. The cheapest offer starts at R 8 000. Check it out!Soap making machine in South Africa - August 2020Explore 2 listings for Soap making machine in South Africa at best prices. The cheapest offer starts at R 8 000. Check it out ...
South Africa is a central player in the O5. But is it a BRIC or the extension - B(R)ICSAM/BRICSAM? This a more difficult question. In CIGI Distinguished Fellow Andy Coopers Heiligendamm Process Project, we have been fortunate to have Brendan Vickers join us and prepare a chapter on South Africa (SA) entitled, South Africa: Global Reformism, Global Apartheid and the Heiligendamm Process. Brendan, by the way, is currently a senior researcher in the multilateral programme at the Institute for Global Dialogue in South Africa (IDG). Before his appointment to IDG, Brendan was Deputy Director responsible for International and Trade in the Office of the President of South Africa.. On economic leverage, it would appear that SA is simply too small to be part of BRICSAM. Currently, SA has a GDP (PPP) of only USD$467 billion which places it as the 25th largest economy in the world. As Brendan suggest, … there is little objective economic rationale for the countrys inclusion into the O5, let alone an ...
Epistemology is the philosophical study of knowledge: what it is, how we get it, and how sure we can be of it. Science is a major source of new knowledge at the moment - it helps people to find out about things. Its also a major source of power and influence over the world we discover, and over each other.. The history of science and the history of European empire are connected. The language used to talk about science shows this in phrases like frontiers of knowledge.. The relationship of the West to science is by no means straightforward, of course. One need only think of the politics around teaching of evolution in American schools to see that. But Africa - the whole continent, in all its enormity and variety - has had a particularly difficult relationship with science and has not always benefited from the power it provides. Much of the African continent has also had a difficult relationship with knowledge more generally - the power it yields or accompanies, its sharing or deliberate ...
The messaging from us at Africa Day is, at the very least, just be aware that the pandemic is still alive, try to be safe and try to stay alive, says Elba.. Speaking about the representation of Africa in film and TV, Elba says, Part of having an Africa Day celebration is to change the narrative. We have to change the narrative of what has come before us. Theres been obviously many different types of representation of Africa and most of it negative, but were ultimately at a junction where I have YouTube, I have MTV, we have creative thinkers, were telling the story of a day that celebrates me.. Were not looking at the past, were looking at the future and the narrative is now in control of us, Elba adds. I really feel that this is part of a big movement.. Africa is very exciting, Elba continues. Growing economy, growing population, incredible thinkers and innovators. And the narrative needs to be pumped out there that having having moments like this is one of the ways to be able to ...
The idea of the rallying call came about after Child Online Africa (COA) a civil society based in Ghana but working in Africa tried the call on African countries with the aim of having content which is created for and by Africans in the quest to addressing the knowledge gaps inspired by Janice Richardson. The humble effort in 2019 resulted in having 13 African countries teaming up to have a celebration dubbed Safer Internet Day Africa in a way and manner which reinforced culture, context and relevance. The discussion about how to scale up this African experience and get the by-in of a wider audience across Africa was tabled at the Child Online Protection implementation Forum (Accra 2019) 2019 organized by ITU ROA in collaboration with the Ministry of Communications and the National Communications Authority of Ghana as part of the countrys Cyber Security month celebrations. Under the discussion on how to popularize the initiatives on the continent, there was a consensus at the forum that ITU ...
This trend marks an encouraging departure from the resource-dominated investments of previous years. In a reflection of Africas social and economic development, investment flows are becoming more diverse as new growth stories begin to emerge. For the continents financial services sector, and its banks in particular, these developments bode well.. Opportunities abound. The Africa opportunity has traditionally been thought of in terms of natural resources. More recently, it has become a consumer-driven play, propelled by the dynamics around urbanisation, income growth and consumption, says Philip Lindop, head of African investment banking at Barclays Africa.. These changing investment preferences have emerged as awareness of the opportunities in the African banking sector have grown. Over the past decade, the continents regulators have tightened up capital requirements, leading to a consolidation of lenders in many jurisdictions. According to Mr Lindop, this has created a greater number of ...
Through extensive systematic searching focusing on sub-Saharan Africa and with no date restrictions, we found 42 papers reporting sodium intakes in sub-Saharan African populations, including seven that examined children. The previous systematic reviews in global populations mentioned in the introduction (Brown and colleagues, 2009 [16]; and Powles and colleagues, 2013 [15]) examined papers published between 1988-2008 and 1980-2011, and identified five and 11 papers reporting sodium intakes in sub-Saharan African populations, respectively. Brown and colleagues [16] did not find any estimates for African children, while Powles and colleagues [15] did not include children in their systematic review.. We have found that sodium intake in many adult populations in sub-Saharan Africa is above the 2 g intake recommended as an upper limit by the WHO, and also above this limit in some populations of children. Indeed, there have been no estimates of sodium intake for adult populations that fell below this ...
Threats to food security by disease out brakes are not new to East Africa; neither is it about to end if reports by farmers are anything to go by. A sustainable solution to this challenge however lies in crop diversity. Yet in East Africa, farmers are yet to move away from over-dependence on maize as their staple food with devastating consequences due to a scourge of a fatal disease dubbed Maize Lethal Necrosis in East Africa. | MAIZE
San Jacinto College - Part-Time Faculty - Cosmetology (North) - Houston - San Jacinto CollegeEqual Opportunity Statement: Th - The AFRO-American
San Jacinto College - Part-Time Faculty - History (Central) - Houston - San Jacinto CollegeEqual Opportunity Statement: Th - The AFRO-American
This briefing synthesises information from the 2020 global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) with a focus on Africa. It provides multidimensional poverty data for 48 African countries, covering 1.25 billion people living on the continent using household surveys fielded between 2010 and 2019. In addition, the 2020 global MPI also includes trend data for 37 African countries enabling a focus on how poverty is changing on the African continent.. Download OPHI Briefing 56. ...
To highlight plant adaptive traits, we have observed the metabolome from leaves of wild type tropical Erythrophleum genus that includes the set of particular metabolites present in an organ at a...
LINK TO THE ARTICLE. Would Donald Trump respond to the Africa youth bloom crisis? The booming population of Africa looms over his foundations latest global survey. The latest global survey estimated that by the end of this century there will be 4 billion more people on Earth, and 3 billion of extra souls will be born in Africa. It seems money investments in health and education of African countries is vital; Africa must almost quadruple its agricultural productivity to feed itself. Thats very daunting.. Bill gates is eager to encourage western countries, to keep giving aid. Bill gates is aware that Trumps financial support is essential but the truth is that it would be challenging to find two mega- wealthy men to work together in their view in the world. While Trump have constantly reduce the taxes for the rich, Gates calls for the wealthy to be taxed more ,Its amazing we allow people to have gigantic amounts of money when the state should take more of that. He also wants higher tax on ...
African Leaders at the African Union building (Source: AU). How possible is it that the continent with the most of the worlds natural resources, hardworking labour force and favourable climate conditions could have earned the title of being labeled poor and be reduced to beggars than those that have less resources? The scenario that Africa has created of being rich but not prosperous has presented a paradox whose puzzle needs a careful consideration to spot the missing link to enable Africa retain its rightful title, The prosperous land of opportunity.. Since the management of resources and the driving of the development agenda falls mainly on leaders, the attainment of real meaningful development can best be achieved when there is in place the right leaders who are selfless and put the interests of their countries and continent above their own. With many African countries having attained independence decades ago, what type of leaders should be put in place to change the African ...
There is growing interest in nuclear power across several African countries. The USA could be more engaged to create more equitable and sustainable deployment of clean nuclear power on the African continent, write Jessica Lovering and Kenton de Kirby of the Breakthrough Institute.
Opinion - South Africa is finally embarking on a long-overdue initiative: mapping the incredible biodiversity in Africas soils. It will document the microbial life hidden in the ground in sub-Saharan Africa, and the data it derives could help solve the continents crisis of hunger and food insecurity, and give birth to a new industry.
SOUTH AFRICA - Tomra, a Norwegian multinational corporation and provider of reverse vending machine and sensor-based sorting solution has opened new regional headquarters in Johannesburg, South Africa. According to the company, the move strengthens its commitment to its customers in South Africa ...
Following the establishment of the Dutch East India Companys initial settlement at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, it became home to a large population of vrijlieden, also known as vrijburgers (free citizens).[9] The earliest vrijburgers were Company employees who applied for grants of land and permission to retire in South Africa as independent farmers.[9] Most were married Dutch citizens who committed to spend at least twenty years on the African continent.[9] In exchange they received plots of thirteen and a half morgen apiece, a twelve-year exemption from property taxes, and loans of seeds and agricultural implements.[9][10] Reflecting the multi-national character of the Companys workforce and overseas settlements, smaller numbers of German and French Huguenot immigrants were also allowed to settle in South Africa, and by 1691 over a quarter of the Capes European population was not ethnically Dutch.[11] Nevertheless, there was a degree of cultural assimilation due to intermarriage, and ...
Institutions inDepth (PDF, 184K) Institutions inDepth (DOCX, 69K) This section of the Deinstitutionalization Toolkit includes some additional resources of information on the subject of Institutions. These are external documents that may be accessed for a more
A map of U.S. military bases - forward operating sites, cooperative security locations, and contingency locations - across the African continent in 2014 from declassified AFRICOM planning documents (Nick Turse/TomDispatch).. A Constellation of Bases. AFRICOM failed to respond to repeated requests for further information about the 46 bases, outposts, and staging areas currently dotting the continent. Nonetheless, the newly disclosed 2015 plans offer unique insights into the wide-ranging network of outposts, a constellation of bases that already provided the U.S. military with unprecedented continental reach.. Those documents divide U.S. bases into three categories: forward operating sites (FOSes), cooperative security locations (CSLs), and contingency locations (CLs). In total, [the fiscal year 20]15 proposed posture will be 2 FOSes, 10 CSLs, and 22 CLs state the documents. By spring 2015, the number of CSLs had already increased to 11, according to then-AFRICOM chief General David Rodriguez, ...
"African Leadership Network: Winners For The 2012 Africa Awards For Entrepreneurship Announced!". The African Leadership and ... "African Business Employer of Choice". African Business. "ACQ5 Global Awards 2018". ACQ5. "15 women changing the world in 2015 ... Africa Awards for Entrepreneurship for Outstanding Small and Growing Business Award by the African Leadership Network. In 2014 ... In 2018, he was awarded an ACQ5 Gamechanger of the Year Award (Education; Africa). Bridge has received criticism from different ...
McEvoy, Frederick (1997). "Understanding Ethnic Realities among the Grebo and Kru People of West Africa". Africa. 47 (1): 62. ... a once staple African seaborne trade". The Kru languages are known for some of the most complex tone systems in Africa, rivaled ... In Bendor-Samuel, John (ed.), The Niger-Congo Languages: A Classification and Description of Africa's Largest Language Family, ... Some isoglosses between Western Kru and Eastern Kru: Breitbonde, L. B. (1991). "City, Countryside, and Kru Ethnicity". Africa. ...
But the feeling isn't mutual". Independent Online Edition > Africa. London. 2004-02-15. Retrieved 2015-06-27. https://www. ...
James David Lewis-Williams (born 1934) is a South African archaeologist. He is best known for his research on southern African ... in Southern African San Rock Art Research". The South African Archaeological Bulletin. 53 (168): 86-97. doi:10.2307/3889183. ... New Africa Books, Cape Town. Lewis-Williams, D.J., 2010. Conceiving God: The Cognitive Origin and Evolution of Religion. Thames ... As an undergraduate he was exposed to Isaac Schapera's The Khoisan Peoples of South Africa (1930) From the start of his ...
Bodry-Sanders, P (1990). Carl Akeley: Africa's collector, Africa's savior. New York: Paragon House. pp. 289 pp. Solem, A (1980 ... There is also an exhibit on life in Africa, where visitors can learn about the many different cultures on the continent, and an ... Animal exhibitions and dioramas such as Nature Walk, Mammals of Asia, and Mammals of Africa that allow visitors an up-close ... Akeley, C (1920). In Brightest Africa. Garden City Publishers. Field, S (1943). Address of Mr. Stanley Field, president of the ...
Derrick, Jonathan (1984). "West Africa's Worst Year of Famine". African Affairs. 83 (332): 281-299. ISSN 0001-9909. "Anambra ... Traders of Africa and African Trade Invest Linus Williams Ifejika, Nigerian-based businessman, cryptocurrency trader, and ... Largely unexplored, the caves are said the be the largest in West Africa. Igbo Ukwu Museum: Igbo Ukwu is an ancient town known ... Chief Jerome Udoji - from Ozubulu, a social reformer was the first African to be made a 'D.O' (District Officer) by the ...
"Strike Thokoane elected new Azapo leader". African Times Online News Website South , West , East , North , Africa. 2017-05-07. ... History in Africa. 28: 417-438. doi:10.2307/3172227. JSTOR 3172227. "Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO)". South African ... During 1987, AZAPO was banned by the South African government and forced underground and into exile. It would be unbanned in ... South Africa portal Politics portal Azanian People's Organisation official site Flag of AZAPO. ...
Uwechue, Raph (1991). Africa Who's who. Africa Journal Limited. ISBN 9780903274173. Houngnikpo, Mathurin C.; Decalo, Samuel ( ... Westermann, Diedrich; Smith, Edwin William; Forde, Cyril Daryll (1965). Africa. Oxford University Press. "Chiefs of State and ...
The African Union, under the auspices of President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, imposed sanctions on Ndzuani to help broker ... "WHO Country Offices in the WHO African Region - WHO Regional Office for Africa" (PDF). Afro.who.int. Archived from the original ... Thomas Spear (1984). "The Shirazi in Swahili Traditions, Culture, and History". History in Africa. African Studies Association ... 53-54 Barbara Dubins (September 1969). "The Comoro Islands: A Bibliographical Essay". African Studies Bulletin. African Studies ...
Aged 20, he left Austria with his girlfriend and relocated to South Africa where he worked in a chemical laboratory. He became ... Following the Fön tour, Hubert von Goisern played a number of concerts in Egypt and West African countries. In Assiut he shared ... Other influences include traditional African music as recorded on Gombe as well as Brazilian samba and also funk. The latter ... "Africa". Hubert von Goisern's official website. Retrieved 18 November 2012. "Tibet". Hubert von Goisern's official website. ...
Africa: In a literature assessment, Boko et al. (2007:435) concluded, with high confidence, that Africa's major economic ... This vulnerability was judged to have contributed to Africa's weak adaptive capacity, resulting in Africa having high ... eds.). "Africa. In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth ... It was thought likely that projected sea-level rise would increase the socio-economic vulnerability of African coastal cities. ...
"Africa :: Morocco - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-18. English, Al Arabiya ( ... One such project is to be Africa's first high speed train running from Casablanca to Tangier. The extensive renovations in the ...
This is one of four confirmed impact sites in South Africa and six within the Southern African region "Kalkkop". Earth Impact ... "Africa". Earth Impact Database. Planetary and Space Science Centre University of New Brunswick Fredericton. Retrieved 2017-05- ... in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. The name is derived from two Afrikaans words, namely "kalk" meaning limestone and ...
Catholic Culture : News Features Archived December 18, 2010, at WebCite BBC NEWS , Africa , Kenyan Catholic rebel priest weds ...
42s". Africa. 27 (3): 292-293. doi:10.2307/1156640. JSTOR 1156640. Retrieved 22 October 2017 - via Cambridge Core. CS1 maint: ... discouraged parameter (link) Mair, L. P. (1 April 1957). "Chisungu". African Affairs. 56 (223): 166-167. doi:10.1093/ ...
7. 10s". Africa. 41 (1): 78. doi:10.2307/1159698. ISSN 1750-0184. JSTOR 1159698. Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for ...
"PROTOCOL TO THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN AFRICAN COURT ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' ... The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) is a quasi-judicial organ of the African Union tasked with ... The African Union (AU) is a supranational union consisting of fifty-five African states. Established in 2001, the AU's purpose ... "African Court of Justice". African International Courts and Tribunals. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 3 ...
"AFRICA , The 11 Best African Movies on Netflix". Cinema Escapist. Retrieved November 7, 2020. Sandoval, Lapacazo (October 18, ... Azwile Chamane-Madiba is a South African actress. In 2016, she played the role of "Zodwa" in Akin Omotoso's film, Vaya, also ... The film got multiple nominations for the 13th Africa Movie Academy Awards (AMAA) in 2017. Engelbrecht, Leandra (October 20, ... Blignaut, Charl (May 21, 2017). "Local film scores multiple nominations at Africa Movie Academy Awards". News24. Retrieved ...
West African Museums Programme. ISBN 978-0-85255-275-9. Arhin, Kwame; Studies, University of Ghana Institute of African (1979 ... The International Journal of African Historical Studies 10.2 (1977): 242-258 Shillington, Kevin (2005). Encyclopedia of African ... The Bono, also called the Brong and the Abron, are an Akan people of West Africa. Bonos are normally tagged Akan piesie or ... Around 1471 when the Portuguese arrived in Gold Coast, Begho of Bonoman was one of the largest ancient city in West Africa at ...
"Global Website , 75 Years of Toyota , Section 5. Latin America, Africa, and Middle East , Item 1. Responding to Market Growth ... "TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE , 75 Years of TOYOTA , Activities by Region , Africa". www.toyota-global.com. Retrieved ... Loxa cement equipment and Teksan generators in Saudi Arabia and North Africa. Abdul Latif Jameel Finance: This division ...
Although not long by African standards its catchment has high rainfall and it becomes very wide. Over its last 80 kilometres ( ... Reclus, Élisée (1892). Africa. 3 (reprint ed.). Forgotten Books. p. 341. ISBN 1-4400-9130-7. L. Zapfack; J. S. O. Ayeni; S. ... "Maritime Organisation of West and Central Africa, Nigeria". Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2009-01-25. ...
Returning to South Africa in 1912, Tucker applied to replace "Alfred" Hoernlé as philosophy chair at the South African College ... R.F.A. (July 1923). "The Expression of the Social Value of Water among the Naman of South-West Africa". South African Journal ... She has often been called the "Mother of Social Anthropology in South Africa", as most of the leading South African ... Hoernlé, A. W. (April 1931). "An Outline of the Native Conception of Education in Africa". Africa. Edinburgh: Edinburgh ...
Africa , Peace Operations Update , Publications , ZIF - Center for International Peace Operations". Agatharchides. sfn error: ... maritime designation that always included the Gulf of Aden and at times other seas between Arabia Felix and the Horn of Africa ...
The Africans were unable to dream under the conditions of colonialism because they believed that "power speaks to power" which ... He and his wife then left England on the 26th of August to South Africa where Callaway started his missionary work. After 4 ... In his writing he stated that the British colonialism had obstructed the religious elements of Africa and other aspects of the ... John's Kafraria in South Africa. He was born on January 17, 1817 at Lymington Somerset. After giving birth to Callaway, his ...
... www.businesslive.co.za/bd/world/africa/2019-07-15-zimbabwes-inflation-doubles-up-to-175. Missing or empty ,title= (help) " ... ". "AFRICA :: SOUTH SUDAN". The World Factbook. Retrieved 8 April 2019. https://elpais.com/economia/2021-01-14/argentina-cierra ...
French in Africa. Carol Sanders (ed.) French Today: Language in Its Social Context. pp 215-238. Cambridge University Press ( ... Most of the languages of Mali are among the Mande languages, which is generally accepted as a branch of Niger-Congo, Africa's ... "Africa :: MALI". CIA The World Factbook. Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Mali," Laval University, ... Fulfulde, spoken throughout West Africa, is a member of the Senegambian branch. Other language families include Afro-Asiatic, ...
Africa. Retrieved 21 February 2020. "BN Celebrity Wedding Actress Esther Audu and Video Director Philip Ojiri". Bella Naija. ... Africa. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2020. "Nollywood Actress Esther Audu Reveals Husband Supportive Kissing Scene". Vanguard ... Africa. 22 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2020. Esther Audu at IMDb. ...
"Africa: The President is helpless". Africa. 1979. p. 37. MacManus, James (8 March 1979). "Amin relies on foreign aid to keep ... Journal of Eastern African Studies. 7 (1): 58-82. doi:10.1080/17531055.2012.755314. S2CID 145443997.. ...
In parts of Africa, a traditional marriage ceremony depends on payment of a bride price to be valid. In Sub-Saharan Africa, ... Waweru, Humphrey (2012). The Bible and African Culture. Mapping Transactional Inroads. African Books Collective. p. 170. ISBN ... "the license of owning a family in the African institution of marriage". In some African cultures, the price of a bride is ... a term often used in central and western Africa as well. Elders controlled the marriage arrangements. In South Africa, the ...
The 8 companies of 1 Central African Rifles became 1 Battalion King's African Rifles. The 6 companies of 2 Central African ... The 7 companies and one camel company of East African Rifles became 3 Battalion King's African Rifles. The 9 companies of the ... In 1901 the British government decided to organize all the existing troops in Central Africa, East Africa, Uganda and British ... Africa World Press: 2003), p.83 Timothy Parsons, The 1964 Army Mutinies and the Making of Modern East Africa, 120. Parsons, The ...
The identification of these early cases marked the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history. ... Seven other people were cared for in the United States after they were exposed to the virus and became ill while in West Africa ... The impact this epidemic had on the world, and particularly West Africa, is significant. A total of 28,616 cases of EVD and ... While the spread of EVD in West Africa has been controlled, additional cases may continue to occur from time to time. However, ...
South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 39,2:192-201. ... In South Africa, dassies occur from Cape Town to the northern-most borders of the country in areas where there are suitable ... Dassies are eaten by people in much of Africa but this is not well documented. Hyraceum is the fossilised urine and faeces of ... The dassie is considered to be the closest living relative of the largest land mammal, the African elephant, and also of the ...
The first shipload of enslaved Africans directly from Africa arrives in the West Indies. Prior to this time, Africans were ... The first Africans arrive in Hispaniola with Christopher Columbus. They are free persons.. 01-01. *Africans in the New World ... They bring along enslaved Africans, considered to be the first in the present-day United States. These Africans flee the colony ... African slaves stage a rebellion in Hispaniola. This is the first slave uprising in the New World.. 01-01. *Anti-Slavery ...
Four key action points were highlighted to advance our understanding of the epidemiology of dengue in Africa. First, dengue ... Second, representative data need to be collected across Africa to uncover the true burden of dengue. Third, established ... in February 2013 to consider key questions regarding the possible expansion of dengue in Africa. ... diagnostic tools must be made more widely available in the healthcare setting in Africa. ...
She has published widely in: South African journals such as English in Africa, the English Academy Review and the South African ... She is also co-founder and co-director of "Contemporary Africans Mentoring", a not for profit programme for young African Women ... The "Science Village Hubs" is composed of individual from different African Countries, namely South Africa, Ghana, Sudan, ... South Africa. Prof Moyo sits on the Editorial Boards of a number of journals some of which are the Review of African Political ...
About Africa Renewal. The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major ... It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community ... It examines the many issues confronting the people of Africa, its leaders and its international partners: economic reform, debt ... economic and development challenges facing Africa today. ...
Africa a priority for new UN head Ban Ki-moon sets African issues high on the global agenda ... Only a united Africa can defeat COVID-19 Ahunna Eziakonwa, director of the UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa ... About Africa Renewal. The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major ... Africas economy grows, but many stomachs are empty Africa Human Development Report stirs debate on food security ...
According to Registry Africa, 78% of African governments support the TLD. The operator of the .africa gTLD is Registry Africa. ... "Bid for .Africa (Dot Africa) Passes Initial Evaluation , African Union". au.int. Retrieved 2020-01-14. "DotAfrica (.Africa) ... TECH dot AFRICA. Retrieved 2020-05-19. Registry Africa mafindi Africa Africa in One Space DotConnectAfrica "Continent Ready for ... African Union". au.int. Retrieved 2020-01-14. "African Regional Support". .africa - Registry Africa. Retrieved 2020-01-14. ...
The Scramble for Africa, also called the Partition of Africa, Conquest of Africa, or the Rape of Africa, was the invasion, ... Africa portal Index of Africa-related articles African historiography Outline of Africa ""World Population prospects - ... from and about Africa Africa Interactive Map from the United States Army Africa History African Kingdoms The Story of Africa ... the African Unions Pan-African Parliament (PAP) was relocated to Midrand, in South Africa, but the African Commission on Human ...
Everything you know about Africa is wrong. About a decade ago, I migrated directly from a frontier Wyoming cattle ranch to the ... Somewhere in Africa, I got more of Africa in me than I had bargained for. Back home for a two-week pit stop after Tombouctou, I ... Africa Rising. Everything you know about Africa is wrong.. About a decade ago, I migrated directly from a frontier Wyoming ... I returned from Africa believing that Africans have more to teach us than we have to teach them - about connection, about ...
Africas Integration: Investing in our common future. Africans need more African goods and more African jobs, and so does the ... With the African population set to hit 2 billion by 2030, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) raises new hopes of ... Connecting Africa with itself and with the world: where are the priority investments?. Africas economic growth has been helped ... Two billion consumers by 2050: Are African businesses ready?. Africas GDP has grown by 4.6% annually on average since 2000, ...
... looks at the latest developments on the continent, starting with headline news and providing in-depth ... Each morning, Daybreak Africa looks at the latest developments on the continent, starting with headline news and providing in- ...
Accelerating action for the elimination of child labour in supply chains in Africa (ACCEL AFRICA) ...
Top Africa News. Nigerian forces killed 12 peaceful protesters, Amnesty says Oct. 21, 2020 5:56 PM EDT ... Latest Africa News. Nigerian forces killed 12 peaceful protesters, Amnesty says Oct. 21, 2020 5:56 PM EDT ... MASPALOMAS, Spain (AP) - Rescues at sea and arrivals of flimsy boats from Africa on Spains Canary Islands, where local ... MASPALOMAS, Spain (AP) - Rescues at sea and arrivals of flimsy boats from Africa on Spains Canary Islands, where local ...
Top Africa News. Southern Africas deadly drought leaving millions hungry. Nov. 21, 2019 8:54 AM EST ... Latest Africa News. Rights group: Islamist leaders daughter tortured in prison. Nov. 21, 2019 12:26 PM EST ... Old Mutual South Africa replied to the incident with a statement on social media earlier this week saying that... ... Old Mutual South Africa replied to the incident with a statement on social media earlier this week saying that... ...
South African reserve reintroduces lions for first time in 180 years - now is the time to go ... The tale of Sun City, a slice of Vegas forged in the fires of apartheid South Africa ... Why the rainy season can be the best time for an African safari ... The best African wildlife holidays for 2019 - whatever your ... How a township tour can uncover the beating heart of South Africa ...
The Scramble for Africa, also called the Partition of Africa or the Conquest of Africa, was the invasion, occupation, division ... "What Caused the Scramble for Africa?" African History (2012). online. *Brantlinger, Patrick. "Victorians and Africans: The ... Rinderpest continued to infect 90% of Africas cattle. African cattle was severely damaged, destroying the African livelihood, ... Italian National Identity in the Scramble for Africa: Italys African Wars in the Era of Nation-building, 1870-1900 (Peter Lang ...
Aid to Africa has been a big topic with the recent G-8 summit. Funding development programs in Africa is high on the task list ... And weve seen the damage that misinformation (including the South African health ministers opinion that the African potato is ... Ilene Wong, a physician at Stanford University Hospital, has done AIDS work in Africa. She was online Friday, July 15, at 1 p.m ... Is this a widespread belief in Africa? Ilene Wong: This HAS been a common myth (only one of many) that some have held... but ...
Pre-European Africa wasnt like that. The great … ... wild Africa as it was before Europeans arrived: of bush teeming ... Pre-European Africa wasnt like that. The. great parks are, in truth, as artificial as an English country garden-and. Africas ... day it reached Africa, just over a century ago, the continent changed forever.. Before, sophisticated kingdoms thrived, ... MOST of us have a vision of "primeval" wild Africa as it was before Europeans. arrived: of bush teeming with wildebeest and ...
Sino-African Trade. Eighty-five percent of Africas exports to China come from five oil-rich countries (Angola, Equatorial ... Assessing the Benefits of Sino-African Ties. Africa registered 5.8 percent economic growth in 2007, its highest level ever, in ... Many Africans are concerned over how China operates in Africa, accusing Chinese companies of underbidding local firms and not ... The same cant be said of Africas policy toward China. In fact, experts say that the African Unions lack of a coherent, ...
Lewis, I.M. (1955). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. International African Institute. p. 140.. ... The Horn of Africa is sometimes shortened to HOA.[12] The Horn of Africa is quite commonly designated simply the "Horn", while ... The Horn of Africa holds more endemic reptiles than any other region in Africa, with over 285 species total and about 90 ... Raph Uwechue, Africa year book and whos who, (Africa Journal Ltd.: 1977), p.209. ...
... Discover more about CDCs work in South Africa by viewing our detailed country profilepdf icon ... In 1994, CDC South Africa strengthened its support and began working with the government of South Africa to develop national ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) South Africa began its collaboration with South African non-governmental ... South African Study Provides Compelling New Evidence on Role of Person to Person Transmission in Drug-Resistant TB Epidemics. A ...
Accra Affairs Afri Africa Report African agreement Airlines airport Airways Algeria Angola announced April Arab Armies of ... Africa Report a nonpartisan journal of African 10 The Army in Politics ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Africa_Report.html?id=yi3jAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAfrica Report ... Sudan Tanganyika territory tion trade Transkei troops Tshombe Tunisia Uganda Union United Nations University vote West Africa ...
... Anne Case, Christina Paxson, Joseph Ableidinger. NBER Working Paper No. 9213. Issued in September 2002. NBER ... Africa. Charter Schools. Childhood Interventions. Chinas Economy. Commodity Prices. Developments in the European Economy. ... We find that orphans in Africa on average live in poorer households than non-orphans, and are significantly less likely than ... We examine the impact of orphanage on the living arrangements and school enrollment of children in Sub-Saharan Africa, using ...
Africa Section. Tel. +41 22 928 9694. Field. United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the Congo. Tel. (+243 81 890 ...
Greenpeace Africa calls on African states to work towards an ambitious global treaty for the oceans September 2019 ... "Protected Status of Mukula Tree is Good News for Africas Miombo Woodlands" - Greenpeace Africa August 2019 ... Africa is a world leader in banning plastic bags with thirty-four out of fifty-two countries having bans, or passed the ... Greenpeace Africa on Congo-Brazzaville CAFI agreement: "Peatlands must be a no-go zone for all industrial activity" September ...
Node Africa has realized significant cost savings up-front, and is paving the way for Africa to become a cloud-first continent ... Node Africa has flourished under a business model relatively new to Africa. Within its first 3 months, the company had 21 ... Node Africa is one of only a few cloud service providers in Africa offering high-performance cloud infrastructure and services ... Node Africa. Location: Nairobi, Kenya. Industry: Information Technology Service Provider. Products: VMware Cloud Director, ...
South Africa, July 23, 2019: Greenpeace Africa calls for the cancellation of all oil blocks in the carbon-rich rainforest of ... Nairobi, 5 November 2019 - With floods hitting at least 16 African countries [1], Greenpeace Africa urges leaders to act for ... "Protected Status of Mukula Tree is Good News for Africas Miombo Woodlands" - Greenpeace Africa. August 2019 ... Greenpeace Africa to Minister Ndongo: Tax breaks to logging companies might mean public funding for next pandemic by Tal Harris ...
With our African network, our people and experience, were ready to help you achieve that value wherever you do business. ... PwC - with you wherever in Africa you do business. We know that value goes beyond a single engagement or a single result. Value ... With our African network, our people and experience, were ready to help you achieve that value wherever you do business ... Sierra Leone (No site) South Africa Swaziland Tanzania Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe ...
ILO History Project - Africa Roundtable 03 June 2013 The first preparatory Roundtable for the Africa Region, which is part of ... South Africa ratifies four international labour Conventions 21 June 2013 The Government of the Republic of South Africa ... World of Work Report 2013 on Africa 03 June 2013 A snapshot of the situation in Africa with latest trends and data on ... The First Africa Domestic Workers Network (AfDWN) was launched in Cape Town, South Africa on June 16 2013, the second ...
  • [4] In the middle decades of the 19th century, European explorers mapped much of East Africa and Central Africa . (wikipedia.org)
  • From South Africa's scenic Cape Winelands, the spectacular Garden Route, and world famous Kruger National Park to the desert dunes of Namibia and Botswana's Okavango Delta, the mighty Victoria Falls, the wildlife reserves and parks of East Africa to the pyramids of Egypt. (tripod.com)
  • Skin colour shows a clinal variation from a light or tan colour in the northern fringe of the continent, which has a Mediterranean climate , to very dark skin in certain Sudanic regions in western and East Africa, where radiation from the Sun has been most intense. (britannica.com)
  • See J. S. Trimingham, Islam in West Africa (1959), Islam in East Africa (1964), Islam in the Sudan (2d ed. 1949, repr. (infoplease.com)
  • Its East Africa Exchange (EAX), unveiled in January, has recently appointed a management team and will start trading agricultural and mineral commodities this summer. (forbes.com)
  • There is already a lot of intra-regional activity going on in east Africa, and we expect the EAX to serve the region. (forbes.com)
  • The .africa domains are intended to showcase their brand and commitment to the African continent, establishing a home for Africa-specific products and services, expanding a brand's regional influence and acquiring online real-estate. (wikipedia.org)
  • africa Domain Name - One Continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least wealthy continent per capita, in part due to geographic impediments, legacies of European colonization in Africa and the Cold War, undemocratic rule and deleterious policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has identified Africa as the continent most vulnerable to climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Government of Spain --who recently reaffirmed the priority given to the continent by launching its Africa Plan III- teamed up with the OECD Development Centre and the African Union, along with partners Casa Africa, Casa Árabe and the French Development Agency (AFD) to host it. (oecd.org)
  • Each morning, Daybreak Africa looks at the latest developments on the continent, starting with headline news and providing in-depth interviews, reports from VOA correspondents, sports news as well as listener comments. (voanews.com)
  • Even as late as the 1870s, Europeans controlled only ten percent of the African continent, with all their territories located near the coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The day it reached Africa, just over a century ago, the continent changed forever. (newscientist.com)
  • The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent . (wikipedia.org)
  • With limited budgets and bandwidth constraints on the continent, Node Africa built a data center from the ground up in just six weeks by joining the VMware vCloud Air Network (vCAN) Program, deploying VMware vSphere, VMware Cloud Director, and VMware NSX. (vmware.com)
  • Node Africa has realized significant cost savings up-front, and is paving the way for Africa to become a cloud-first continent. (vmware.com)
  • Realising the appeal of the continent as an investment destination, our dedicated country desks provides assistance to organisations looking to expand their presence in Africa. (pwc.com)
  • Drawing on many years of African experience, John Reader has written a book of startling grandeur and scope that recreates the great panorama of African history, from the primeval cataclysms that formed the continent to the political upheavals facing much of the continent today. (penguin.co.uk)
  • Islam in Africa, the development of the Muslim religion on the African continent. (infoplease.com)
  • In this tenth edition of PwC's Africa Oil and Gas Review, we continue to build on annual insights into the sector, as well as expand the focus on African economies and the renewable energy transition and the opportunities that this presents to the African continent. (pwc.com)
  • Black Panther" has burst onto the screen in Africa, handing a powerful response to the unfortunate remarks about the continent by President Donald Trump. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The need for engineering capacity is widely recognized across the African continent. (ieee.org)
  • With almost 6,000 IEEE members and 15 IEEE Sections and sub-Sections across the 54 countries of Africa, IEEE is poised to deliver on these goals to enhance capacity on the continent. (ieee.org)
  • The Council includes all African Sections and Sub Sections that wish to participate, and will ultimately become the focus for much of IEEE's engagement on the continent. (ieee.org)
  • IBM Research- Africa is IBM's 12th global research lab and the first industrial research facility on the continent of Africa. (ibm.com)
  • This paper describes some of these challenges, with the hope that we can contribute to a process which will make it easier to continue to deploy the Internet continent wide in order to take African Internet connectivity beyond just the basic. (isoc.org)
  • The main challenge for development experts dealing with Africa is poverty alleviation which remains a serious issue in many parts of the continent. (unido.org)
  • Africa has 54 sovereign countries-the most on any continent-and is the second largest continent in terms of both land area and population. (wikitravel.org)
  • Africa is a vast continent spanning over 8,000 km (5,000 mi) north to south and 7,500 km (4,800 mi) east to west (not including islands) and contains a wide array of peoples, skin colours, religions, and cultures. (wikitravel.org)
  • Africa is a very diverse continent, with each country, or even each part of a country having its own unique culture. (wikitravel.org)
  • While it is common for people in the West to refer to Africa as if it was a single country, one should remember the sheer size of the continent, and that Africa is not one country but 54 different countries, meaning that it is impossible to make generalisations of Africa as a whole. (wikitravel.org)
  • Tragically misunderstood by many people as a land of poverty, corruption, war and famine, and simply as a land of suffering-a misconception only bolstered by the media and the numerous NGOs on the continent-Africa today is a vast continent with many bustling metropolises, friendly people, and amazingly diverse and beautiful landscapes. (wikitravel.org)
  • While there are plenty of places resembling the stereotypical Africa of war, famine, and poverty, much of the continent is peaceful, well-fed, and of working class. (wikitravel.org)
  • Africa today is a vast continent with many bustling metropolises, some of the friendliest people you'll ever meet, and amazingly diverse and beautiful landscapes. (wikitravel.org)
  • There is a pathos to the fervor and zeal, for they have been seen before in much of the African continent, angry young men, many really children, burning to carry arms and to call one another comrade and fight those they call the oppressors, the whites. (nytimes.com)
  • Eleanor Whitehead is a reporter at This is Africa, focusing on business, policy and development across the continent. (forbes.com)
  • But in five years, the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) has convinced stakeholders that bourses can improve food security in Africa, and has catalysed global dialogue about the development of agricultural marketplaces across the continent. (forbes.com)
  • We want to set up commodity exchanges across Africa because the continent is largely an agrarian economy - agriculture is the largest contributor to GDP as a whole and also the largest employer on the continent," explains Sam Nwanze, chief executive of Heirs Holdings. (forbes.com)
  • A new Pew Forum survey on religion in Africa breaks ground on how far Abrahamic faiths have spread on the continent and how it has dramatically shaped societies there. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life has just released a unique survey of religion on the African continent - unparalleled in its breadth of geographic and topical coverage. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Although missionaries are certainly nothing new in Africa, today as much as ever, evangelizers are spreading through the continent to look for converts, knowing that, as Europe's and the West's religiosity wanes, the strength of church and mosque will come from this southern continent. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The .africa domain became available to the general public on 4 July 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • africa was launched at the African Union Commission in 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • The .africa domain name registration was made available to the public in July 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economic growth for Sub-Saharan Africa looks set to pick up to a modest 2.4% for 2017, just slightly lower than the forecast of 2.6% earlier this year, but a big improvement on 1.3% in 2016. (worldbank.org)
  • In Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, CDC South Africa supported a total of 229,131 safe, male circumcisions - well over half of the male circumcisions performed in South Africa during the same period. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC South Africa supported prevention activities reached 169,424 people classified as KPs in FY 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • In the districts supported by CDC South Africa implementing partners in FY 2017, 96% of TB patients were tested for HIV, of whom 63% were HIV co-infected. (cdc.gov)
  • As of 2017, an estimated 85% of people living with HIV in South Africa knew their status, of whom 71% were receiving ART. (cdc.gov)
  • The International Economic Forum on Africa hosts Europe's largest annual conversation on Africa's ongoing formidable transformation. (oecd.org)
  • Africa needs to improve the quality of its education and teach basic skills to adults, too, says Africa's Pulse. (worldbank.org)
  • Beginning with Africa's ancient history as the cradle of mankind, this documentary series with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. brings to life the epic stories of both little-known and celebrated African kingdoms and cultures. (apple.com)
  • Whereas the majority of Africa's peoples are indigenous, European colonial settlers constitute the largest majority of new peoples, with substantial numbers in Kenya , South Africa , Zimbabwe , Zambia , Namibia , and Mozambique . (britannica.com)
  • South Africans battle to implement peace pactShantytown residents said police shot and killed two people in a pre-dawn clash on Sept. 17, and blacks killed seven fellow blacks in South Africa's township conflict. (csmonitor.com)
  • Donors promise to reduce African debt Wealthy nations promised to help reduce Africa's debt and pledged more foreign aid but declined to commit to specific targets, according to a United Nations document released on Sept. 16. (csmonitor.com)
  • Estimated 1997 food aid needs of sub-Saharan Africa - still high at nearly 2 million tonnes - are lower than last year, reflecting the favourable harvests in western Africa and southern Africa's optimistic outlook. (fao.org)
  • At Transform Africa 2019, IEEE hosted the private Summit luncheon for the heads of state and regulators and ministers, in conjunction with NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development), the economic development program of the Africa Union. (ieee.org)
  • IBM Research- Africa is actively engaging with Africa's innovation ecosystem to kick start new business opportunities and ensure the full commercial viability of its solutions and services. (ibm.com)
  • The African Union Commission, with UNIDO's assistance, has formulated the "Action Plan for the Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA)", a strategy which aims to mobilize both financial and non-financial resources and increase Africa's competitiveness with the rest of the world. (unido.org)
  • Since the Industrial Development Decade of Africa of the 1980s and 90s, and the Alliance for Africa's Industrialization (AAI) of 2003, this Action Plan is the latest far-reaching initiative endorsed by the African leaders. (unido.org)
  • In its February 2012 issue, Forbes Africa magazine (a licensed affiliate of FORBES Magazine) published its list of Africa's top 20 tech startups. (forbes.com)
  • Skyrove Skyrove is South Africa's largest independent Wi-Fi hotspot network with over 600 Wi-Fi hotspots in South Africa. (forbes.com)
  • Editor's Note: This article is part of a series by the Financial Times' This Is Africa publication on realizing Africa's agricultural potential, in partnership with the Rockefeller Foundation . (forbes.com)
  • Curry Buffets, Sunny Beaches, and Africa's Oldest Botanic Gardens in Durban Head to this warm South African port town for a relaxing break from the more bustling Johannesburg. (nymag.com)
  • The identification of these early cases marked the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history. (cdc.gov)
  • On August 8, 2014, WHO declared the deteriorating situation in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), which is designated only for events with a risk of potential international spread or that require a coordinated international response. (cdc.gov)
  • The scope of this outbreak, both in terms of cases and geography, can be attributed to the unprecedented circulation of EVD into crowded urban areas, increased mobilization across borders, and conflicts between key infection control practices and prevailing cultural and traditional practices in West Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • On September 30, 2014, CDC confirmed the first travel-associated case of EVD diagnosed in the United States in a man who traveled from West Africa to Dallas, Texas. (cdc.gov)
  • Seven other people were cared for in the United States after they were exposed to the virus and became ill while in West Africa, the majority of whom were medical workers. (cdc.gov)
  • They were transported by chartered aircraft from West Africa to hospitals in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC personnel deployed to West Africa to assist with response efforts, including surveillance, contact tracing, data management, laboratory testing, and health education. (cdc.gov)
  • The vast majority of European settlers arrived after the 1885 Berlin West Africa Conference and the resulting "scramble for Africa," during which European leaders carved out spheres of influence. (britannica.com)
  • At a time when counterterrorism experts increasingly worry that West Africa, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa will be breeding grounds for the next al Qaeda affiliates, minority of respondents expressed similar concerns. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • An Italian expeditionary force was making one of its periodic forays into the Horn of Africa. (newscientist.com)
  • Regional studies on the Horn of Africa are carried out, among others, in the fields of Ethiopian Studies as well as Somali Studies . (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] In other languages that are local or adjacent to the Horn of Africa, it is known as የአፍሪካ ቀንድ yäafrika qänd in Amharic, القرن الأفريقي‎ al-qarn al-'afrīqī in Arabic, Gaaffaa Afriikaa in Oromo and ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ in Tigrinya. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Horn of Africa is sometimes shortened to HOA . (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] The Horn of Africa is quite commonly designated simply the "Horn", while inhabitants are sometimes colloquially referred to as Horn Africans . (wikipedia.org)
  • [13] Sometimes the term Greater Horn of Africa is used, either to be inclusive of neighbouring northeast African countries, or to distinguish the broader geopolitical definition of the Horn of Africa from narrower peninsular definitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Horn of Africa is the proposed urheimats (original homelands) of the Proto-Afroasiatic language . (wikipedia.org)
  • According to both genetic and fossil evidence, archaic Homo sapiens evolved into anatomically modern humans solely in the Horn of Africa between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago and have dispersed from the Horn of Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to linguists, the Horn of Africa is the original homeland of the proto-Afroasiatic language as it is considered the region the Afroasiatic language family displays the greatest diversity, a sign often viewed to represent a geographic origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Horn of Africa is also the place where the haplogroup E1b1b originated from, Christopher Ehret and Shomarka Keita have suggested that the geography of the E1b1b lineage coincides with the distribution of the Afroasiatic languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • [22] Genetic analysis done on the Afroasiatic speaking population further found that a pre-agricultural back-to-Africa migration into the Horn of Africa occurred through Egypt 23,000 years ago and it brought a non-African ancestry dubbed Ethio-Somali in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throughout human history there have been movements of peoples ( see human migration ) within, into, and out of Africa along its northern coasts, across the Sinai Peninsula , along the Red Sea , and especially in the Horn of Africa and coastal areas as far south as Southern Africa. (britannica.com)
  • In our 2019 Africa Oil and Gas review, many of the industry trend lines were heading towards positive territory for the first time in several years. (pwc.com)
  • In South Africa, a national lockdown for 21 days commencing 26 March 2020 has been declared by President Cyril Ramaphosa in the fight against the spread of COVID-19. (sayas.org.za)
  • The National Department of Health (NDoH) and PEPFAR South Africa developed a Treatment and Retention Acceleration Plan, aiming to put an additional two million people on ART by December 2020. (cdc.gov)
  • Greenpeace Africa Campaigner Sylvie Djacbou Deugoue I started 2020 with a renewed sense of optimism. (greenpeace.org)
  • 2020) An unexpectedly large count of trees in the West African Sahara and Sahel . (nasa.gov)
  • Early human civilizations, such as Ancient Egypt and Phoenicia emerged in North Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • North Africa from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Nile River delta has been the site of conquests and movements of peoples for thousands of years. (britannica.com)
  • Attendant, but unassociated, with the scramble, French and Italian settlers also established new communities in North Africa and, to some extent, western Africa. (britannica.com)
  • More detail is given in the regional history articles North Africa , Central Africa , Southern Africa , Western Africa , and Eastern Africa . (britannica.com)
  • with the Umayyads , who brought the religion to the Middle East and to the littoral of North Africa. (infoplease.com)
  • There is only one other species of Hyracoidea, the western tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax dorsalis (Fraser, 1853), which occurs in Western and Central Africa. (sanbi.org)
  • The new Africa Council was approved by the MGA Board in June 2018, and it will be a major step toward the long-term stability and sustainability of IEEE's support of African engineers. (ieee.org)
  • In 2018 the, Square Kilometre Array (SKA), the world's largest radio telescope, will be built in South Africa and Australia. (ibm.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Some South Africans have been shocked by a viral video that appeared to show family members carrying a body bag out of an insurance company office while pursuing a claim. (ap.org)
  • May 22, Johannesburg - More than 140 activists from across Africa gathered today in a Zoom action on the International Day of Biodiversity. (greenpeace.org)
  • Bishop Kearney High School is proud to be working in partnership with Sacred Heart College in Johannesburg, South Africa. (google.com)
  • The NBA held an exhibition at Ellis Park Arena in Johannesburg, South Africa, a game filled with star power that perhaps was a step toward the league eventually holding a regular season game in an African nation. (courant.com)
  • It isn't easy, but a good place to start would probably be my visit to Central Methodist Church, which has housed thousands of Zimbabwean refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa. (courant.com)
  • A giraffe has killed a South African filmmaker who was on assignment at a wildlife facility northwest of Johannesburg. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In the black township of Sharpeville, south of Johannesburg, where modern black resistance started 25 years ago, when Africa as a whole was barely coming to grips with notions of liberation and struggle, an old, wizened man said: ''They are ready to die, the youth. (nytimes.com)
  • In South Africa, dassies occur from Cape Town to the northern-most borders of the country in areas where there are suitable habitats. (sanbi.org)
  • Wakefield Valley Bible Church will have a Bible conference at 7 p.m. Nov. 17, sponsored by the Fellowship of Bible Churches, with the Rev. Steve Trostle, a missionary to Cape Town, South Africa, to speak on "The Mission of the Church. (baltimoresun.com)
  • As Cape Town counts down to Day Zero, South Africans worry about severe unrest and outbreaks of disease. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Coming of Age at a South African Prom A peek into the life of a Cape Town teenager. (nymag.com)
  • She talked to me about how she was able to experience the culture and meet Desmond Tutu who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his fight against apartheid in South Africa. (courant.com)
  • South African literature proved to be an important expression of resistance against apartheid throughout the 20th century. (britannica.com)
  • Kai Luke Brummer Is 2021's First Breakout Movie Star The star of Moffie on the memory of apartheid for young South Africans, straight actors playing gay, and who he'd love to work with next. (nymag.com)
  • Athol Fugard 's powerful agit-prop drama, about the philosophical and generational divide between an idealistic teacher and his politicized students, had the shock of immediacy in 1989, when South Africa was still under the yoke of apartheid. (variety.com)
  • Africa, particularly Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), meaning that Africa has a long and complex history. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2014, BASF's inaugurated its first production plant for construction chemicals in Eastern Africa. (basf.com)
  • In eastern Africa, poor harvests caused by drought, particularly in Eritrea and parts of Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda, have led to serious food supply difficulties. (fao.org)
  • Adequate contingency planning is needed to avert a possible disaster in eastern Africa should the main rains currently in progress turn out to be insufficient for normal food production. (fao.org)
  • Superior Court Judge Howard Halm denied the motion by Dot Connect Africa to obtain an injunction that saw the launch of the top level domain at the African Union Commission, in Addis Ababa. (wikipedia.org)
  • African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Chemistry Council has lobbied the US government during the COVID-19 pandemic to use a US-Kenya trade deal to expand the plastics industry's footprint across Africa. (greenpeace.org)
  • With facilities in Kenya and South Africa, IBM Research- Africa is driving innovation by developing commercially-viable solutions to transform lives and spark new business opportunities in key areas such as water, agriculture, transportation, healthcare, financial inclusion, education, energy, security and e-government. (ibm.com)
  • You can also browse the collection for Africa or search for Africa in all documents . (tufts.edu)
  • CDC began working with non-governmental and community-based organizations in the Republic of South Africa in 1989 to address the HIV epidemic. (cdc.gov)
  • President Trump's promotion of a white-nationalist conspiracy theory involving South Africa prompted fierce backlash there Thursday and fresh criticism in the United States that he is compromising American foreign policy to stoke his far-right political base. (courant.com)
  • Talking With Lana Marks, Who's Ready to Ditch Palm Beach for Pretoria Trump's nominee for ambassador to South Africa wowed the president by throwing the perfect Mar-a-Lago wedding. (nymag.com)
  • With Africa been home to the world's second largest rainforest, the need to protect it remains more urgent than ever. (greenpeace.org)
  • A group of students on a tour of South Africa led by Stevenson University was robbed on Sunday while traveling in Pretoria, a school spokeswoman said. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Africa Renewal information programme provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major economic and development challenges facing Africa today. (un.org)
  • Donor support for FAO's Special Programme for Food Security is needed to allow the low-income food-deficit countries in sub-Saharan Africa to improve their food security by increasing and stabilizing their food production. (fao.org)
  • The University of Warwick is pleased to welcome over 400 students from Africa each year, studying from foundation programme to our research degrees. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • An expert conference on Dengue in Africa was held in Accra, Ghana, in February 2013 to consider key questions regarding the possible expansion of dengue in Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • The Islamization of W Africa began when the ancient kingdom of Ghana (c.990) extended itself into the Sahara and the Islamic center at Sanhajah. (infoplease.com)
  • The World Bank's strategy in South Africa reflects the country's development priorities and its unique leadership position at sub-regional and continental levels. (worldbank.org)
  • Yet the extent of the country's energy demand has also compelled China to push into new markets, and particularly Africa. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) South Africa began its collaboration with South African non-governmental and community-based organizations in 1989 to address the country's growing HIV issues. (cdc.gov)
  • Greenpeace Africa and Greenpeace Japan react to Mauritius' plans of sinking the front part of the MV Wakashio vessel. (greenpeace.org)
  • I'm called Sineh Edel-queen, a Greenpeace Africa volunteer in Cameroon (Environmental Ambassadors of Cameroon). (greenpeace.org)
  • It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community to bring peace and development to Africa. (un.org)
  • One bodily function may soon bring a windfall for residents of Durban, South Africa as their city council mulls over a plan to encourage waterless waste management -- by paying folks for their pee. (treehugger.com)
  • IDA, the World Bank's fund for the poorest, contributes nearly 50% of its funds to 39 African countries. (worldbank.org)
  • For more information about the World Bank's work in Africa, please contact us. (worldbank.org)
  • Watch, listen and click through the latest videos, podcasts and slideshows highlighting the World Bank's work in Sub-Saharan Africa. (worldbank.org)
  • As my own general theory about the information economy developed over the years, I proposed that a good reality check for my ideas would be for Africa to surprise everyone by suddenly doing as I had: skipping industrialism entirely and leaping directly into the information era. (wired.com)
  • While China is often characterized as a monolithic actor in Africa, experts say Chinese trade with Africa has diversified beyond state-directed enterprises in recent years. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Anatomically modern humans are believed to have appeared as early as 200,000 years ago in the eastern region of sub-Saharan Africa. (britannica.com)
  • By Kobey Wesley Smith Bloomfield, Connecticut CREC Metropolitan Learning Center for Global and International Studies Two years ago, my history teacher was talking to me about the life-changing experience that she was able to have while chaperoning a school trip to South Africa. (courant.com)
  • On the east coast of Africa, where Arab mariners had for many years journeyed to trade, Arabs founded permanent colonies on the offshore islands, especially on Zanzibar, in the 9th and 10th cent. (infoplease.com)
  • Rock and cave art attributable to the San, some of which is thought to be about 26,000 years old, has been found across much of Southern Africa . (britannica.com)
  • Africa Today has been on the forefront of African Studies research for more than 50 years. (jhu.edu)
  • Internal cable cites report that farm murders in South Africa are at their lowest level in 19 years. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • IBM scientists in South Africa are joining NASA, the SETI Institute and Swinburne University to develop an Apache Spark application to analyze the 168 million radio events detected over the past 10 years by the Allen Telescope Array (ATA). (ibm.com)
  • Africa has witnessed improved growth in recent years - averaging 5.5 per cent per annum. (unido.org)
  • Perhaps its most important finding is that, after years of evangelization almost nine out of 10 Africans are either Christian or Muslim. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • most present states in Africa emerged from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most Africans stayed out of the loop of the 20th century and were not homogenized into the generica that is now much of the Northern Hemisphere, or what they call the North. (wired.com)
  • We examine the impact of orphanage on the living arrangements and school enrollment of children in Sub-Saharan Africa, using data from 19 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 10 countries between 1992 and 2000. (nber.org)
  • Over 2000 different languages, 55 countries, and two oceans: This is Africa. (basf.com)
  • The NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative supports members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to identify and implement concrete reforms to strengthen their investment climate . (oecd.org)
  • Using NEPAD and OECD peer learning methods and instruments, this project generates consensus on investment re‌lated policy reform among stakeholders in Southern African countries. (oecd.org)
  • This project is conducted within the institutional framework of the NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative , under the oversight of the NEPAD Steering Committee and the OECD Investment Committee. (oecd.org)
  • As of January 2021, there are about 28,038 registered .africa domains from 70 accredited registrars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of the growth was due to increased Chinese imports of oil from Sudan and other African nations, but Chinese firms also import a significant amount of non-oil commodities such as timber, copper, and diamonds. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In this context, greater access to, acquisition and application of science, technology and innovation are critical for African countries to raise the quality of their human capital and consequently, enhance pro-poor growth. (unido.org)
  • Since 1960, evidence of DENV transmission has been documented in 32 countries in Africa ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, more limited occurrence data for Africa ( 3 ) and less consensus on the presence of DENV transmission in many countries in Africa ( 2 ) indicate that burden predictions remain uncertain. (cdc.gov)
  • Experts say Chinese companies see Africa as both an excellent market for their low-cost consumer goods, and a burgeoning economic opportunity as more countries privatize their industries and open their economies to foreign investment. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Africa is a world leader in banning plastic bags with thirty-four out of fifty-two countries having bans, or passed the legislation to ban single-use plastics. (greenpeace.org)
  • In Africa we're the largest provider of professional services with close to 400 partners and over 9000 people in 34 countries. (pwc.com)
  • The number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa facing exceptional food emergencies has climbed to 17 - up four from the 13 reported at the end of 1996 - according to a special FAO report released in early May. (fao.org)
  • And in western Africa, despite a satisfactory food supply situation in most countries, thanks to average and above-average harvests gathered in late 1996, Liberia and Sierra Leone continue to rely mostly on food assistance to meet their needs. (fao.org)
  • Many African countries have produced development plans that identify goals and strategies to this end. (ieee.org)
  • IEEE has an agreement to work with the Smart Africa Alliance, an intergovernmental organization led by the Heads of State of 24 African countries working together to create a "Single African Digital Market. (ieee.org)
  • A handful of African countries are setting up commodity exchanges in an effort to develop agricultural markets and improve food security. (forbes.com)
  • Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa' is the first comprehensive survey of its kind to assess how religion fits into the lives and the societies of countries in the region. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The Pew survey is an impressive exercise in polling, the product of one-on-one interviews with some 25,000 people across 19 countries, representing three-quarters of the population of Africa. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Interestingly however, they mostly worry about their own: 'in almost all countries in which Muslims constitute at least 10% of the population, Muslims are more concerned about Muslim extremism than they are about Christian extremism, while in a few overwhelmingly Christian countries, including South Africa, Christians are more concerned about Christian extremism than about Muslim extremism. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • While countries like South Africa still allow regulated trophy hunting of rhinos, Botwswana outlawed the practice this year . (thedailybeast.com)
  • Africans express outrage after President Trump reportedly used crude language to describe African countries, as well as Haiti and El Salvador. (france24.com)
  • Help change the narrative by sending us inspiring stories of young Africans whose work transforms the lives of vulnerable people. (worldbank.org)
  • This transition however is causing unprecedented disruption to the global oil and gas industry with Africa proving to be particularly vulnerable. (pwc.com)
  • The .africa initiative is fully endorsed by the African Union Commission. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of course, there's a huge issue about African trust of neocolonial influence, AIDS has been called the American Initiative to Destroy Sex, etc. (washingtonpost.com)
  • This page contains information about the Fedora Ambassadors in Africa and the proposed work to be carried out as part of the special 'Africa expansion' initiative. (fedoraproject.org)
  • The Africa Expansion Initiative is being 'mentored' by Sascha. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Following a subsequent long and complex history of civilizations, migration and trade, Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • The EAX is being run by Africa Exchange Holdings, a company co-founded by investors including the Nigerian Heirs Holdings and New York-based Berggruen Holdings, whose aim is to develop a network of commodity exchanges across Africa. (forbes.com)
  • The study aims to establish the role of identity as a barrier in academia, and to determine strategies to promote inclusivity in academia within the South African context. (sayas.org.za)
  • Transformation within South African universities is hampered by more than just historical practices, but by many factors currently at play, either hindering or helping individuals' progress on the academic career path. (sayas.org.za)
  • The Pandemic and the South African Public Service: An opportunity to eat or to feed? (sayas.org.za)
  • And we've seen the damage that misinformation (including the South African health minister's opinion that the African potato is an active AIDS treatment option) does to populations. (washingtonpost.com)
  • According to the approach used in the revised South African Building Regulations and the new building code (SANS 10400 series) performance parameters are outlined first. (iea.org)
  • The South African consumer market tends to trust international retailers more than local business and uses them much more frequently. (export.gov)
  • 38.51 percent of South African consumers use their mobiles for online purchases. (export.gov)
  • Graca Machel, the widow of former South African President Nelson Mandela, will address graduates at Morgan State University's commencement on Saturday. (baltimoresun.com)
  • No one was injured in the incident, which occurred at about 1 p.m. local time in the South African capital. (baltimoresun.com)
  • I wrote about Chinese oppression in a South African paper. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • South African artist Ayanda Mabulu's first U.S. museum exhibition, indeed his first exhibition anywhere in the country, is currently on view at the DuSable Museum of African American History. (chicagotribune.com)
  • South African artist brings his religious sound project to the Art Institute Chicago, with small speakers playing gospel music, Hare Krishna chants, bits of church services. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Fox News host Tucker Carlson said Friday he's shocked his segments on a South African land reform policy should be considered an appeal to white nationalists. (chicagotribune.com)
  • South African police say gunmen have opened fire on a minibus carrying members of a taxi drivers' association, killing 11 people. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Hundreds of South African soccer fans disgruntled at the performance of their team rioted at a game on Saturday night. (chicagotribune.com)
  • A little over a year ago, Lucas, son of a railway worker, was just one more schoolboy in one more miserable South African township whose family was often divided by the father's absences at work for days or weeks at a time. (nytimes.com)
  • Now he wants to be one of the several thousand urban guerrillas who, the South African security police say, are being trained in camps in Angola and Tanzania, directed from a headquarters in Lusaka, the Zambian capital, and destined - the bright ones - for advance instruction in East Germany and the Soviet Union. (nytimes.com)
  • Yola Founded by South African-born internet entrepreneur Vinny Lingham in 2007, Yola (formerly known as Synthasite) is a website builder which lets you create your own website with easy-to-use drag and drop multimedia features. (forbes.com)
  • Cobi Interactive Cobi Interactive is a leading South African mobile software development company that provides mobile technology and strategy consulting for top African corporations. (forbes.com)
  • Obami Founded in 2009, Obami is a social network and learning management system for South African schools, teachers and students. (forbes.com)
  • 10Layer A South African startup, 10Layer is a CMS system targeted specifically at newsrooms. (forbes.com)
  • Sembuse Sembuse is a South African mobile social network & instant messaging platform similar to Mxit. (forbes.com)
  • the first program was in a 1994, South African President Inauguration . (c-span.org)
  • South African President Mandela gave an inaugural address. (c-span.org)
  • The South African rhino's perilous situation is in sharp contrast to neighboring Botswana, now eyed by conservationists as a future sanctuary for the animals. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The aircraft stops once to clear South African customs, then flies on to Botswana. (thedailybeast.com)
  • For the book by Thomas Pakenham, see The Scramble for Africa . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Scramble for Africa , also called the Partition of Africa or the Conquest of Africa , was the invasion, occupation, division, and colonization of most of Africa by seven Western European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism (between 1881 and 1914). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonization and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the Scramble for Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trump Echoes Neo-Nazi Propaganda About South Africa (That He Heard on Fox News) Data show there is no "large scale" killing of white farmers in South Africa. (nymag.com)
  • Of course, like many who had never been to Africa before, I carried with me incredibly stereotypical notions about the bone-in-the-nose primitivism of the continent's infrastructure, which in my case translated into - among other things - 15 pounds of solar paneling, because I was certain I wouldn't find much electricity. (wired.com)
  • The .africa namespace is open to individuals, businesses and organizations around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • And it therefore seemed likely that others in the so-called developing world - Africans, for instance - might have been spared these illusions as well. (wired.com)
  • Africans need more African goods and more African jobs, and so does the world. (oecd.org)
  • Connecting Africa with itself and with the world: where are the priority investments? (oecd.org)
  • It invites African and OECD policy makers, investors, academics, civil society and international organisations to share their views, and discuss how better policies can improve development outcomes for Africans and the world. (oecd.org)
  • Unless South Africa somehow salvage their World Cup today, this tournament will be the first one where the hosts have failed to get past the first group stage. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Somewhat later those early humans spread into northern Africa and the Middle East and, ultimately, to the rest of the world. (britannica.com)
  • Africa, like the rest of the Muslim world, was swept by a wave of religious reform. (infoplease.com)
  • But on Thursday, he made a rare public appearance at the World Economic Forum on Africa. (wsj.com)
  • Once Brandt and colleagues developed and tested their dataset, Blue Waters-one of the fastest supercomputers in the world-took just a few days to identify nearly 2 billion trees across 1.3 million square kilometers (500,000 square miles) of sub-Saharan Africa. (nasa.gov)
  • South Africa is the most dangerous place in the world to be a rhinoceros. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Arguably the most magnificent Roman site in Africa, Dougga's ancient remains - a Unesco World Heritage site since 1997 - are startlingly complete, giving a beguiling glimpse of how well-heeled Romans lived, flitting between bathhouses, the imposing Capitole, a 3500-seat theatre and various temples. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Innovation: Africa is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization that brings Israeli innovation to African villages. (idealist.org)
  • Do you work for Innovation: Africa? (idealist.org)
  • IEEE, through its Board of Directors-endorsed IEEE in Africa Strategy, recognizes the opportunity to assist in cultivating greater engineering capacity to advance technology and innovation. (ieee.org)
  • Orphans in Africa: Parental Death, Poverty and School Enrollment. (nber.org)
  • The average level of regional sourcing in Africa remains under 15%, compared with peaks above 80% in South East Asia. (oecd.org)
  • Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa. (angelfire.com)
  • Our agenda remains aggressive and continental in scope, and we intend to continue our efforts to deliver to those potential customers in Africa the best in Internet technology and services in order to enable them to interact and compete effectively in the global marketplace. (isoc.org)
  • GENEVA (AP) - The U.N. envoy for Libya said Wednesday the two warring factions have agreed on issues that "directly impact the lives and welfare of the Libyan people," noting that the thorny work to cement a cease-fire in the restive North African country will continue. (ap.org)
  • And we've seen in Africa that just the promise of ARVs (or microbicides) is enough to move people in the right direction - to give them hope that they are not helpless against the disease. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Such a loss of people, together with the devastating warfare and raiding associated with it, was the major cause of the subsequent weakness and decline of African societies. (britannica.com)
  • We recognized at that time that in order for e-mail and associated technologies to become more widespread in Africa, and to become a practical necessity for people other than personal computer technicians it would be essential to develop a system which eliminated all of these issues and more. (isoc.org)
  • While the first activity most people associate with Africa is safaris, there are endless possibilities for adventure. (wikitravel.org)
  • What You Need to Know About the World's Worst-Ever Listeria Outbreak It's infected 1,000 people and killed 180 so far in Africa. (nymag.com)
  • King Charles I of Spain grants the first licenses to import enslaved Africans to the Americas. (blackpast.org)
  • Starting in the 16th century, this was driven by trade, including the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which created large African diaspora populations in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • While there is a fear that classical forms of the oral traditions are at risk of being lost with the spread of literacy and recorded music, these oral traditions have exerted a major influence on the written literatures of South Africa, merging with literary influences from elsewhere in Africa, the Caribbean and the Americas, and Europe. (britannica.com)
  • First, dengue diagnostic tools must be made more widely available in the healthcare setting in Africa. (cdc.gov)
  • Africa is now widely recognized as the birthplace of the Hominidae , the taxonomic family to which modern humans belong. (britannica.com)
  • Njorku Founded in Cameroon, Njorku is a career and recruitment services platform focused on Africa. (forbes.com)
  • Preliminary phylogenetic studies indicate that the DENV-1 strain isolated in Angola clustered with strains from Côte d'Ivoire (1985, 1998, and 1999) and Nigeria (1968), which suggested transmission of endemic strains of DENV-1 in Africa ( 12 ). (cdc.gov)
  • My question is this - Rape is endemic in Africa - witness Darfur, etc. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Additionally, Britain wanted control of areas of southern and eastern coasts of Africa for stopover ports on the route to Asia and its empire in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • African penguin populations are threatened by competition with commercial fishing operations, guano removal, oil spills, and predation by feral cats. (ustream.tv)
  • The planned large-scale repatriation of the estimated 80 000 refugees by relief agencies has run into serious difficulties due to cholera outbreaks, delays in securing necessary clearances and the looting of relief food supplies by the local populations,' according to the quarterly report Food Supply Situation and Crop Prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa. (fao.org)
  • African farmers and artisans accompany Pedro Menendez de Aviles on the expedition that establishes the community of San Agustin (St. Augustine, Florida). (blackpast.org)
  • Africa Exchange Holdings thinks that bourses can help develop agricultural markets by helping farmers sell at the right price. (forbes.com)
  • We find that orphans in Africa on average live in poorer households than non-orphans, and are significantly less likely than non-orphans to be enrolled in school. (nber.org)
  • The ruling African National Congress (ANC) has been driving the policy agenda since 1994. (worldbank.org)
  • In 1994, CDC South Africa strengthened its support and began working with the government of South Africa to develop national HIV clinical, ethical, and research guidelines along with HIV and TB service delivery programs. (cdc.gov)
  • With the African population set to hit 2 billion by 2030, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) raises new hopes of an integrated continental pulling the continent's industrialisation and productive transformation. (oecd.org)
  • It now receives about one-third of its oil imports from Africa , 9 percent of the continent's total exports in 2006 (by contrast, the United States purchased 33 percent of that year's exports from Africa). (washingtonpost.com)
  • provide solutions to some of the continent's most pressing socio-economic and communication problems, have a robust social media presence and must be Pan-African in scope and service offering. (forbes.com)
  • MOST of us have a vision of "primeval" wild Africa as it was before Europeans arrived: of bush teeming with wildebeest and elephants, lions and zebras. (newscientist.com)
  • The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives , included 1,548 African American women participating in research to learn more about the development of uterine fibroids, a condition that disproportionately affects African American women. (msu.edu)
  • Funding development programs in Africa is high on the task list, as is preventing the spread of infectious diseases like AIDS. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Doesn't the emphasis on the development of Microbicides miss the point about women's right in Africa? (washingtonpost.com)
  • From there Arab trade routes into the interior of Africa helped the slow acceptance of Islam and led to the development of Swahili culture and language. (infoplease.com)
  • IBM scientists are collaborating with SKA South Africa (SKA-SA) on the development of unsupervised algorithms which can serendipitously make groundbreaking astronomical discoveries by revealing hidden structures and finding new types of objects such as pulsars, black holes and quasars. (ibm.com)
  • Sponsoring Organisation is the ZA Central Registry trading as Registry.Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is a deeply pious region where a majority is conservative in its own beliefs yet tolerant of others', favors religious law yet is also content with democracy, and worries about religious violence and extremism but is more concerned with the lack of jobs. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Africa Online is an offshoot of previous pioneering activities in electronic mail delivery and community building, and African news delivery via the Internet by our founders. (isoc.org)
  • Despite this low concentration of wealth, recent economic expansion and the large and young population make Africa an important economic market in the broader global context. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa has made considerable economic and social progress over the past two decades, but faces substantial challenges. (imf.org)