I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Afghanistan" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in South-Central Asia. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I would be happy to help answer those!
Multinational coalition military operation initiated in October 2001 to counter terrorism and bring security to AFGHANISTAN in collaboration with Afghan forces.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
An order of small mammals comprising two families, Ochotonidae (pikas) and Leporidae (RABBITS and HARES). Head and body length ranges from about 125 mm to 750 mm. Hares and rabbits have a short tail, and the pikas lack a tail. Rabbits are born furless and with both eyes and ears closed. HARES are born fully haired with eyes and ears open. All are vegetarians. (From Nowak, Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p539-41)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pakistan" is a country located in South Asia and it does not have a medical definition. If you have any medical question or term that you would like me to define, please provide it and I will be happy to help.
A foul-smelling accumulation of SEBUM and desquaminated epidermal cells, especially the cheesy substance found under the foreskin of the penis and at the base of the labia minor near the clitoris.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
I am not aware of any established medical definition for "Iran" as it is primarily used to refer to a country located in the Middle East, known officially as the Islamic Republic of Iran. If you are looking for information on healthcare or medical conditions within Iran, I would be happy to help with that!
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).

'Afghanistan' is a country and not a medical term or condition. It is located in Central Asia and is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, and the Arabian Sea. The country has a complex history with ongoing political and security challenges. If you are looking for information related to medical tourism or healthcare in Afghanistan, I can provide some general insights. However, please note that the medical facilities and services in Afghanistan may not be comparable to those in developed countries due to various factors such as infrastructure, resources, and expertise.

The "Afghan Campaign" is a term commonly used to refer to the military intervention and ongoing efforts in Afghanistan, led by the United States and NATO forces, which began in October 2001. The campaign was launched in response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, with the primary objective of defeating al-Qaeda and removing the Taliban regime that had provided them safe haven.

The military intervention, known as Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), started with airstrikes against al-Qaeda and Taliban targets in Afghanistan. The ground invasion followed, led by the United States and supported by coalition forces from various countries, including NATO members. The initial success of the campaign resulted in the overthrow of the Taliban regime and the establishment of a new government in Afghanistan.

However, despite the initial victory, the situation in Afghanistan has remained volatile due to the ongoing insurgency led by the resurgent Taliban and other militant groups. The mission in Afghanistan has evolved over time, with the focus shifting from combat operations to training and advising Afghan security forces, counterinsurgency, and counterterrorism efforts.

The "Afghan Campaign" is also referred to as the "War in Afghanistan," and it represents one of the longest military conflicts in United States history. The campaign has involved various phases, including Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS), and NATO's Resolute Support Mission (RSM).

The medical aspects of the Afghan Campaign have been significant, with thousands of coalition forces injured or killed during the conflict. Additionally, the campaign has had a substantial impact on the healthcare system in Afghanistan, as well as the overall health and well-being of its population. The ongoing efforts to improve healthcare infrastructure, train medical personnel, and provide essential services to the Afghan people remain an important part of the broader mission in the region.

Medically, the term "refugees" does not have a specific definition. However, in a broader social and humanitarian context, refugees are defined by the United Nations as:

"People who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence; have a well-founded fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and are unable or unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution."

Refugees often face significant health challenges due to forced displacement, violence, trauma, limited access to healthcare services, and harsh living conditions. They may experience physical and mental health issues, including infectious diseases, malnutrition, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Providing medical care and support for refugees is an important aspect of global public health.

Lagomorpha is an order of mammals that includes rabbits, hares, and pikas. They are herbivores with large incisors in the front of their mouths and a second pair of smaller incisors behind them. Lagomorpha is distinguished from other orders by its unique dental characteristics and the presence of two pairs of upper incisors. These animals are known for their high reproductive rates and are found worldwide, except for Antarctica and some islands.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pakistan" is a country in South Asia and not a medical term or condition. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I would be happy to help!

Smegma is a naturally occurring substance that accumulates under the foreskin in uncircumcised males and around the clitoris in females. It's a mixture of dead skin cells, oil, and moisture. While it serves a lubrication function, an excessive buildup can lead to irritation, infection, or other medical issues. It's important to maintain good personal hygiene to prevent such problems.

Contraceptive agents are substances or medications that are used to prevent pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of conception and fertilization or the development and implantation of the fertilized egg. They can be divided into two main categories: hormonal and non-hormonal methods.

Hormonal contraceptive agents include combined oral contraceptives (COCs), progestin-only pills, patches, rings, injections, and implants. These methods work by releasing synthetic hormones that mimic the natural hormones estrogen and progesterone in a woman's body. By doing so, they prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to make it harder for sperm to reach the egg, and thin the lining of the uterus to make it less likely for a fertilized egg to implant.

Non-hormonal contraceptive agents include barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and sponges, which prevent sperm from reaching the egg by creating a physical barrier. Other non-hormonal methods include intrauterine devices (IUDs), which are inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy, and fertility awareness-based methods, which involve tracking ovulation and avoiding intercourse during fertile periods.

Emergency contraceptive agents, such as Plan B or ella, can also be used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. These methods work by preventing or delaying ovulation, preventing fertilization, or preventing implantation of a fertilized egg.

It's important to note that while contraceptive agents are effective at preventing pregnancy, they do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using condoms in addition to other forms of contraception can help reduce the risk of STIs.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Iran" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in southwest Asia. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Mass Media" is not a term that has a medical definition. Mass media refers to the means of communication that reach large numbers of people simultaneously, such as television, radio, newspapers, and the Internet. It may be used in a public health context to discuss how information about health-related topics is disseminated to the general population. However, it is not a term that is typically used within the field of medicine to describe a specific medical concept or condition.

Mass vaccination is a coordinated effort to administer vaccine doses to a large portion of a population in a short amount of time. This strategy is often used during outbreaks of infectious diseases, such as influenza or measles, to quickly build up community immunity (herd immunity) and reduce the spread of the disease. Mass vaccination campaigns can also be implemented as part of public health initiatives to control or eliminate vaccine-preventable diseases in a population. These campaigns typically involve mobilizing healthcare workers, volunteers, and resources to reach and vaccinate as many people as possible, often through mobile clinics, community centers, and other accessible locations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Social Marketing" is not a term typically used in the field of medicine. Instead, it is a marketing strategy that uses commercial marketing techniques and principles to influence the behavior of target audiences in order to improve their personal well-being and that of their communities. This approach has been applied to various public health and healthcare initiatives, such as promoting healthy lifestyles, preventing substance abuse, and increasing vaccination rates.

However, if you're looking for a medical definition related to social aspects or interactions, there might be some confusion. In that case, I would need more context to provide an accurate definition. Could you please clarify your question?

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and to improve their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior change to include social and environmental interventions that can positively influence the health of individuals, communities, and populations. Health promotion involves engaging in a wide range of activities, such as advocacy, policy development, community organization, and education that aim to create supportive environments and personal skills that foster good health. It is based on principles of empowerment, participation, and social justice.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Genotype, in genetics, refers to the complete heritable genetic makeup of an individual organism, including all of its genes. It is the set of instructions contained in an organism's DNA for the development and function of that organism. The genotype is the basis for an individual's inherited traits, and it can be contrasted with an individual's phenotype, which refers to the observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism that result from the expression of its genes in combination with environmental influences.

It is important to note that an individual's genotype is not necessarily identical to their genetic sequence. Some genes have multiple forms called alleles, and an individual may inherit different alleles for a given gene from each parent. The combination of alleles that an individual inherits for a particular gene is known as their genotype for that gene.

Understanding an individual's genotype can provide important information about their susceptibility to certain diseases, their response to drugs and other treatments, and their risk of passing on inherited genetic disorders to their offspring.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Persuasive Communication" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Persuasive communication is a broader term used in various fields including psychology, sociology, and communications to refer to the process of using communication to influence or persuade others to adopt a particular viewpoint or course of action.

However, in a medical context, communication is a crucial aspect of healthcare delivery, and effective communication skills are essential for healthcare professionals to build trust, ensure informed consent, and promote patient engagement and adherence to treatment plans. This includes being able to effectively communicate complex medical information in a clear and understandable way, as well as being sensitive to patients' emotions, values, and cultural backgrounds.

If you have any specific questions about communication in a medical context or any other healthcare-related topic, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

Health education is the process of providing information and strategies to individuals and communities about how to improve their health and prevent disease. It involves teaching and learning activities that aim to empower people to make informed decisions and take responsible actions regarding their health. Health education covers a wide range of topics, including nutrition, physical activity, sexual and reproductive health, mental health, substance abuse prevention, and environmental health. The ultimate goal of health education is to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles that can lead to improved health outcomes and quality of life.

Immunization programs, also known as vaccination programs, are organized efforts to administer vaccines to populations or communities in order to protect individuals from vaccine-preventable diseases. These programs are typically implemented by public health agencies and involve the planning, coordination, and delivery of immunizations to ensure that a high percentage of people are protected against specific infectious diseases.

Immunization programs may target specific age groups, such as infants and young children, or populations at higher risk of certain diseases, such as travelers, healthcare workers, or individuals with weakened immune systems. The goals of immunization programs include controlling and eliminating vaccine-preventable diseases, reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with these diseases, and protecting vulnerable populations from outbreaks and epidemics.

Immunization programs may be delivered through a variety of settings, including healthcare facilities, schools, community centers, and mobile clinics. They often involve partnerships between government agencies, healthcare providers, non-governmental organizations, and communities to ensure that vaccines are accessible, affordable, and acceptable to the populations they serve. Effective immunization programs require strong leadership, adequate funding, robust data systems, and ongoing monitoring and evaluation to assess their impact and identify areas for improvement.

A measles vaccine is a biological preparation that induces immunity against the measles virus. It contains an attenuated (weakened) strain of the measles virus, which stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies that protect against future infection with the wild-type (disease-causing) virus. Measles vaccines are typically administered in combination with vaccines against mumps and rubella (German measles), forming the MMR vaccine.

The measles vaccine is highly effective, with one or two doses providing immunity in over 95% of people who receive it. It is usually given to children as part of routine childhood immunization programs, with the first dose administered at 12-15 months of age and the second dose at 4-6 years of age.

Measles vaccination has led to a dramatic reduction in the incidence of measles worldwide and is considered one of the greatest public health achievements of the past century. However, despite widespread availability of the vaccine, measles remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in some parts of the world, particularly in areas with low vaccination coverage or where access to healthcare is limited.

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a highly infectious viral disease that primarily affects the respiratory system. It is caused by the measles virus, which belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae and the genus Morbillivirus. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with infected individuals or through airborne droplets released during coughing and sneezing.

The classic symptoms of measles include:

1. Fever: A high fever (often greater than 104°F or 40°C) usually appears before the onset of the rash, lasting for about 4-7 days.
2. Cough: A persistent cough is common and may become severe.
3. Runny nose: A runny or blocked nose is often present during the early stages of the illness.
4. Red eyes (conjunctivitis): Inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelids and the white part of the eye, can cause redness and irritation.
5. Koplik's spots: These are small, irregular, bluish-white spots with a red base that appear on the inside lining of the cheeks, usually 1-2 days before the rash appears. They are considered pathognomonic for measles, meaning their presence confirms the diagnosis.
6. Rash: The characteristic measles rash typically starts on the face and behind the ears, then spreads downward to the neck, trunk, arms, and legs. It consists of flat red spots that may merge together, forming irregular patches. The rash usually lasts for 5-7 days before fading.

Complications from measles can be severe and include pneumonia, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and ear infections. In rare cases, measles can lead to serious long-term complications or even death, particularly in young children, pregnant women, and individuals with weakened immune systems.

Vaccination is an effective way to prevent measles. The measles vaccine is typically administered as part of the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine, which provides immunity against all three diseases.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

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The US air campaign in the fall of 2001 destroyed most of the remaining Afghan aircraft. On February 1, 1986, the staffing of ... The Afghan Air Force was redesignated the Royal Afghan Air Force in 1947, a title it retained until the 1973 Afghan coup d'état ... earning the respect of both Soviet and Afghan pilots as well as ordinary Afghans throughout the country. The mujahideen ... The Afghan Air Force (Pashto: افغان هوايي ځواک), sometimes referred to as the DRA Air Force or DRAAF, was the main aerial ...
New Group Begins Campaign of Terror", The New York Times, 19 May 2012. Connor Simpson (19 May 2012). "Meet the New "More ... "Afghan King Overthrown; A Republic Is Proclaimed". The New York Times. 18 July 1973. "1978: Afghan coup rebels claim victory". ... This is a list of the Afghan rebel flags flown by various groups throughout the country's history. Flag of Afghanistan War in ... "Afghan 'Fighting Season' Ushers in New Anti-Taliban Groups". VOA. Retrieved 2022-12-05. Garofalo, Daniele. "Resistance ...
... ending the heyday of the Afghan Arabs. During the American campaign in Afghanistan in late 2001, many coherent units of Arab ... While the first Arab Afghans were "for the most part" welcomed by native Afghan mujahideen, by the end of the Soviet-Afghan war ... "The Arab-Afghans had come full circle. From being mere appendages of the Afghan jihad and the Cold War in the 1980s they had ... Afghan Arabs (also known as Arab-Afghans) are Arab and other Muslim Islamist mujahideen who came to Afghanistan during and ...
"CHAPTER ONE THE AFGHAN COMMUNISTS" (PDF). "CHAPTER ONE THE AFGHAN COMMUNISTS" (PDF). (Articles with short description, Short ... The conflict was initiated by Afghan Prime Minister Daoud Khan, who sent Royal Afghan Army troops and Pashtun tribesmen across ... The Afghan army incursion was ended by following Pakistani airstrikes in Kunar. As a result of this, diplomatic relations ... The Bajaur Campaign refers to an armed conflict between Afghanistan and Pakistan that took place from September 1960 to ...
... seeing service in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. He served in the first campaign as Field Engineer, Kandahar Field Force from 10 ... During the Afghanistan campaigns, he was three times mentioned in despatches and was awarded a campaign medal with three clasps ... The Afghan Campaigns of 1878-1880. J.B. Hayward & Son, London. ISBN 978-1843421054. Vibart, Henry Meredi (1894). Addiscombe: ... During the second campaign of the war he served first as Field Engineer, 1st Division, Kabul Field Force from 23 September 1879 ...
Meanwhile, Al-Qaeda and Arab Brigades launched their own military campaign to support the Taliban hoping to gain control of the ... In Massoud's area, women and girls did not have to wear the Afghan burqa. They were allowed to work and to go to school. In at ... Massoud had the Afghan army equipped with newly acquired military uniforms and advanced after a few large offensives to the ... Timeline of Afghan history War in Afghanistan (2001-2021) Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict War on terror Afghanistan : Crisis ...
"THE CAMPAIGN FOR THE CAVES:THE BATTLES FOR ZHAWAR IN THE SOVIET-AFGHAN WAR". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. ... ISBN 0-300-05963-9. "Afghan Leader Najibullah Forced to Resign by Rebels - the Tech". "Afghan Leader Forced Out by Army, Rebels ... "Afghan Guerrillas Order Kabul Army to Surrender City". The New York Times. 18 April 1992. Maley, William (2002). The ... Gargan, Edward A. (26 April 1992). "After 14 Years, Afghan Guerrillas Easily Take Prize". The New York Times. Grau, Lester W.; ...
Ahmed, Azam (30 March 2014). "In Afghan Presidential Campaign, North Is All-Important". New York Times. Retrieved 31 March 2014 ... close contact with Afghan resistance and his 1980 founding and publishing of the monthly publication Afghan Reality created to ... uniting the international community in support of an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process, strengthening regional ... He has been deeply active for several decades in the political struggle for the rights of the Afghan people to live in peace ...
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/campaign/withus/cbonn.html Filling the Vacuum: The Bonn Conferen Frontline ... The Afghan Interim Administration (AIA), also known as the Afghan Interim Authority, was the first administration of ... The Afghan Interim Administration, the most important part of the Interim Authority, would be composed of a chairman, five vice ... "Database". www.afghan-bios.info. Retrieved 31 March 2023. Frontline report of Bonn Conference Who is who in Afghanistan ( ...
"About Campaign". Feminist Majority Foundation. "Hollywood's Latest Cause: Can A Pack Of Celebrities Save Afghanistan's Women ... CA Births 1905-1995 "Mavis Leno: Lives of Afghan Women". CNN. November 9, 2001. " ... Leno has been the chair of the Feminist Majority Foundation's Campaign to Stop Gender Apartheid in Afghanistan since 1997. In ... to further the cause of educating the public about the plight of Afghan women under the Taliban. The organization successfully ...
Newspaper, the (March 19, 2011). "Afghan refugees a problem for Nadra". DAWN.COM. "Extreme measures: 'Go Afghani Go' campaign ... Self-employed Afghans in Pakistan are usually involved in the Afghan rug business, Afghan restaurants and bakeries (making and ... A number of Afghan schools throughout Pakistan educate thousands of Afghan refugee children. Wealthier Afghans live in cities, ... Afghan cricket teams such as the Afghan Cheetahs frequently participate in domestic Pakistani tournaments. Afghan refugees in ...
The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan War. "THE CAMPAIGN FOR THE CAVES: THE BATTLES FOR ... The First Battle of Zhawar was fought during the Soviet-Afghan War between Afghan Army units, and their allies the Soviet Union ... Second Battle of Zhawar Soviet-Afghan War Afghan Civil War (1989-1992) Haqqani Network In 1985, the area became part of the ... "The campaign for the caves: the battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 14 (3): ...
"The Campaign For The Caves: The Battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 14 (3): ... Sent to the Soviet-Afghan War, they claimed a 79% success rate against Soviet helicopters, although this is debated. The ... Johnston, Sean (2001). A History of Light and Colour Measurement: Science in the Shadows. CRC Press. pp. 224-225. ISBN ...
"The campaign for the caves: the battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 14 (3): ... The Second Battle of Zhawar was a significant engagement that took place during the Soviet-Afghan War. It pitted Afghan Army ... First Battle of Zhawar Soviet-Afghan War Afghan Civil War (1989-1992) Haqqani Network In 1985, the area became part of the ... Of the 500 Afghan prisoners, 78 officers were tried and executed by Haqqani and Khalis, including the commander of the 38th ...
"The campaign for the caves: the battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 14 (3): ... Of the 500 Afghan prisoners, 78 officers were tried and executed by Haqqani and Khalis, including the commander of the 38th ... The Afghan government celebrated their victory, and though the success had proved costly, it served to alleviate the pressure ... The second phase of the offensive was to be an airborne assault carried out by the Afghan 38th Commando Brigade. The initial ...
The deaths of Afghan civilians caused directly and indirectly by the US and NATO bombing campaigns is a major underlying focus ... 82% of Afghans as a whole and 71% of those living in the war zone held this anti-Taliban view. The Afghan population gave the ... A solid majority (81%) of Afghans stated that they held a favorable view of the US. However, the majority of Afghans ( ... A 2006 WPO opinion poll found that the majority of Afghans endorsed America's military presence, with 83% of Afghans stating ...
"Nazanin Ash on Afghan Refugee Resettlement Efforts in U.S. , C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Archived from the original on 2022-01 ... Welcome.US also provides emergency funding to not-for-profits organizations and runs media campaigns to encourage US citizens ... "Donated frequent-flyer miles providing flights for Afghan refugees in the U.S." CBC. 26 Oct 2021. Archived from the original on ... Welcome.US is a nonprofit organization that coordinates the support of Afghan refugees in US. The organization was formed in ...
The American Conservative described the work as a "masterful account of America's prolonged Afghan engagement." In 2019, Horton ... In late 2019, Horton joined the Libertarian Party to support Jacob Hornberger's presidential campaign. In 2021, the Libertarian ... is an account of the War in Afghanistan since 2001, which argues that the United States should end its presence in the country ...
British-Afghan Wars First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-1842) Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-1880) Siege of Malakand & Tirah Campaign ( ... Afghan wars mentioned above is discussed The Great Game, where the geopolitical aspects of the wars are reviewed War in ... 1897) Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919) Operation Herrick (War in Afghanistan; November 2001 - December 2014) Operation Toral (War ... in Afghanistan; December 2014 - August 2021) American-Afghan War Operation Enduring Freedom (November 2001 - December 2014) ...
". "Candidates take campaigns across Afghanistan". Archived from the original on January 4, 2011. Babak Khalatbari, Sebastien ... The candidates participating in the Afghan presidential election on August 20, 2009, were: Afghan Transitional Administration ... Lists of Afghan politicians, Presidential elections in Afghanistan, 21st-century Afghan politicians). ... "Another Afghan presidential hopeful withdraws in favor of incumbent Karzai". Xinhua. 2009-08-03. Archived from the original on ...
In Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, the character Nikolai compares the chaos taking place in the campaign mission "The Enemy of ... The Soviet-Afghan War is a recurrent theme in the TV series The Americans. In the Russian film Cargo 200 the Soviet-Afghan War ... Internet Movie Database Afghan war film makes box office history in Russia "Russian film recalls 'shame' of Afghan war" By ... is a protest song by the Soviet rock band Kino concerning the Afghan War. "Guns for the Afghan Rebels" is a song by the English ...
Afghan villages have strong local control systems based around the village shura, which with the support of the Afghan ... In a 2023 report, poppy cultivation in southern Afghanistan was reduced by over 80% as a result of Taliban campaigns to stop ... In March 2010, NATO rejected Russian proposals for Afghan poppy spraying, citing concerns over income of Afghan people. There ... UNODC - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Afghan Opium Survey 2009 The Independent - Afghans battle to combat threats ...
"Afghan-based, Afghan-focused and Afghan-dependent". # Those Taliban and insurgents who are not ideologically committed to Al- ... Operation Herrick is the codename for the British part of the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) campaign in ... End State Objective: An Afghan Government able to maintain the support of the Afghan population by being responsive to its ... Supporting the development of educated, capable Afghans willing to take on a role within the Afghan Government and Civil ...
Brumley, Bryan (2 April 1988). "Afghan Spy Agency Wages Terror Campaign in Pakistan". Associated Press. Kaplan, Robert D. (23 ... As part of this strategy, the KGB and KHAD deployed hundreds of young girls of Afghan, Central Asian, and Russian origin to ... After the events of the Saur Revolution, the PDPA established AGSA (Da Afghanistan da Gato da Saatane Adara or Afghan Agency ... This report, quoted frequently in the cases of Afghan asylum seekers to support the exclusion ground of article 1F of the ...
"The Campaign for the Caves:The battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan war". Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 14 (3): 69-92 ... "Afghan National Army". Afghan War News. Retrieved 10 October 2021. Tim Mahon. Basic steps: Afghan Army and police trainers and ... In December 2017, most of the Afghan Border Police (ABP) personnel of the Afghan National Police were transferred to the Afghan ... On the Afghan side, by 2011 all training and education in the Army was run by Afghan National Army Training Command, a two-star ...
The Washington Post stated in an editorial by John Lehman in 2006: What made the Afghan campaign a landmark in the US ... "Taliban pledge support for Afghan polio campaign". CBC News. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013. Adkins, Laura E. (31 October ... "Intra-Afghan peace talks set to begin in Doha", Dawn, 6 September 2020 "Pakistan cautions Afghan Taliban against spoilers", The ... He held a council of ... prominent Afghans from all over the world, brought there to discuss the Afghan government after the ...
The Taliban has also been waging an assassination campaign against members of the Afghan central government. In 2001, U.S. ... Assassination campaigns also occurred in the North Caucasus. Assassination campaigns have taken place as well in Iran. ... An assassination campaign is a series of assassinations carried out to achieve a larger political goal. In the 19th century, ... In India, militants launched an assassination campaign against AD (L) and AD (B) members. In northern Ireland, an assassination ...
Many Afghan Taliban officials resent the TTP's violent campaign against Pakistan. Afghan Talibans and TTP have also conducted ... The Afghan Taliban however have historically relied on support from the Pakistani army in their campaign to control Afghanistan ... Afghan defense ministry claims that eight TTP militants and six Afghan Talibans were killed in the clash. Moreover, Some ... They point to the fact that the Afghan state in some areas has little control due to its war against the Afghan Taliban which ...
In 1969, Arsala was the first Afghan to join the World Bank (WB) through the Young Professional Program. He served there for 18 ... With the rise of the Taliban, Arsala- with some compatriots- launched a peace campaign which called for a broad-based interim ... As the first Minister of Finance in the post-Taliban regime, Arsala: Introduced the first Afghan budget and enforced fiscal ... The Bonn Conference resulted in the Bonn Agreement and the formation of the Interim Afghan Administration. Mr. Hamid Karzai was ...
The bill since 2001 is equal to £190 for every man, woman and child in the country. ... The Foreign Office (FCO) has spent £230m on the Afghan campaign since 2006 alone, more than a third of it on an operation ... An MoD source said yesterday that the department feared the Afghan campaign was adding at least £250m a year to their spending ... Overall cost of Afghan campaign since 2001. Could have paid for 60,000 teachers, 77,000 nurses or 23 hospitals ...
The US air campaign in the fall of 2001 destroyed most of the remaining Afghan aircraft. After the end of the Soviet war in ... The three letters are the initials of Afghan Ordou-e Melli (Afghan National Army). Roundel used by the Afghan National Air ... In May 2005, Afghan officials named Major General Dawran the commander of the new Afghan Air Corps. Later that year, a small ... Emblem of the Afghan Air Force from 2007 until 2021 The Royal Afghan Air Force retained the roundels until adopting a new style ...
With Afghan soldiers at the frontlines of the fight against the Taliban, Obama can count this one a Promise Kept. ... As he campaigned for president in 2008 and 2012, Barack Obama amassed a record of more than 500 campaign promises. ... Says Donald Trump campaigned on not cutting Medicare and Social Security, but his nominee for the Secretary of Health and Human ... Obama campaigned on a message of hope and unity, but bitter gridlock and increasing partisanship has come to define the ...
Thousands of Afghan women have joined the online campaign #MyRedLine to share the rights they would never give up for peace ... Pakistans Campaign To Expel Millions Of Afghan Refugees Enters Second Phase 5 Deadly Suicide Bombing Strikes Outside Bank In ... The campaign also garnered support from many Afghan men concerned about the future of their daughters, wives, and sisters.. My ... The #MyRedLine campaign is the brainchild of Afghan activist Farahnaz Forotan (file photo) ...
We are joined by two guests: Kathy Kelly, co-coordinator of Voices for Creative Nonviolence, a campaign to end U.S. military ... According to the United Nations, almost 3,200 Afghan civilians have been killed. More than 5,000 members of the Afghan security ... The Afghan War is Not Over: U.S. Ends 13-Year Combat Mission, But 10,000+ Troops Continue the Fight. StoryDecember 29, 2014. ... And so, the Afghan government cant possibly pay for its budget expenditures. It cant pay for the overlarge army and police ...
Afghans at the polls The Economist Afghans have much to feel angry about, as they take part in a presidential election. EIGHT ... Unlike Mr Karzai, he has campaigned across the country, rallying Afghans and offering them ideas-some good, some bad-on how to ... Afghans have much to feel angry about, as they take part in a presidential election.. EIGHT years after the Taliban were ... As a campaign adviser, Mr Karzai enlisted Abdul Rasul Sayyaf, an Islamist who welcomed Osama bin Laden to Afghanistan in 1996. ...
The Afghan government is leasing a telecommunications satellite, which will provide nationwide coverage. Currently all ... has unsuccessfully sought reconciliation with the Taliban for a political settlement of the Afghan crisis. Nonetheless, in May ... In 2001 when the Western campaign against the Taliban began, the country had a primordial land-based copper wire telephone ... The turmoil that has devastated Afghanistan since the 1979 Soviet invasion and subsequent 2001 Western campaign against the ...
FADEL: Now, the U.S. has waged air campaigns in other countries since 2001 as well, most notably Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, Yemen. ... A U.S. Strike Recently Killed Afghan Civilians, But Its Far From The First Time ... the United States struck the International Committee for the Red Cross twice in October 2001. And there were no militants there ...
One of the men orchestrating Howards campaign was Lynton Crosby who has been advising the British Tories since 2005 and who ... Howard was determined to show how tough and brutally callous he was, turning away a number of fishing boats carrying Afghan ... The filthy lies about Afghan refugees that the Tories will take from Australia. This article is over 2 years, 7 months old ... Even while government ministers are shedding crocodile tears over the fate of desperate Afghan men, women and children, we can ...
They were protected by Afghans, who mostly disliked or despised them, under the tribal code of hospitality - which baffled ... condemned the American bombing campaign launched in October 2001 as a big setback for their efforts to overthrow the Taliban ... They dont care about the suffering of the Afghans or how many people we will lose." ... Bush declared in 2001 after the 9/11 terrorist attack. To be more accurate, re-declared. The GWOT was declared by the Reagan ...
They were protected by Afghans, who mostly disliked or despised them, under the tribal code of hospitality - which baffled ... one of the many oppositionists who condemned the American bombing campaign launched in October 2001 as "a big setback" for ... They dont care about the suffering of the Afghans or how many people we will lose." ... Bush declared in 2001 after the 9/11 terrorist attack. To be more accurate, re-declared. The GWOT was declared by the Reagan ...
... while the heaviest burden of those displaced by the military campaigns has fallen on the neighbors of Afghanistan, specifically ... Iran opened its border to the Afghan refugees in a measure seen as the basis of support for the Afghan refugees in Iran. The ... According to reports from the UNHCR, 11 percent of the total number of refugees in the world is Afghan nationals, while 40 ... It is obvious that the structure of the subsistence economy in Iran is based on subsidies, while the Afghan migrants and ...
The attack in Kabul was claimed by the Afghan Taliban, a group that has received support from the Pakistani intelligence ... In the case of the latter, the campaign has scored notable victories. But the Taliban is another story. ... Ten Afghans were also wounded in the attack at a French cultural center. ... It may also be put about that the Afghan government is a proxy of Washington or New Delhi. ...
15,000 NATO and Afghan troops, plus special forces are poised to attack a force of around 1,000 Taliban fighters, who have been ... center under Taliban control in the region and the largest counter-insurgency operation since the Afghanistan campaign began in ... How can the NATO forces extricate themselves when on one hand they are trying to build a strong centralised Afghan Armed Force ... NATO has been in Afghanistan since 2001, a war whose cost is estimated at around 252.5 billion USD to date. Frustrated by the ...
The Afghan health ministry immediately ordered a mass ordered a vaccination campaign across the capital.More,,, and More,,, ... Afghan Presidential Hopefuls Hold Televised Debate. Presidential campaigns are heating up in Afghanistan as major candidates ... Chinese, Afghan Presidents Agree to Promote Ties. Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Afghan counterpart, Hamid Karzai, agreed ... Afghan football officials to visit Wembley. A party from Afghanistan is to pay a knowledge-sharing visit to England, as part of ...
... the Taliban has stayed focused on setting its rule in stone through a patient campaign to re-Islamize Afghan society. It has ... First, with the Afghan problem now largely regionalized, solutions should also be regionalized, with a focus on negotiating a ... In the past, Al Qaeda has also kept close ties with other Afghan groups, particularly Hezb-e-Islami, a militant party led by ... In fact, it was Hekmatyars group that helped Osama bin Laden and Zawahiri in eastern Afghanistan during the U.S. campaign in ...
THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN More than 60,000 American troops are deployed around the world against terrorism: 9,000 just in ... Training more than 1,100 soldiers for the Afghan National army; * With Japan and Saudi Arabia, rebuilding a road linking Kabul ... The U.S. and its allies have returned $350 million in Afghan government assets to the Interim Authority in Afghanistan. These ... Voice of America and the Afghan Information Ministry, with $10 million from the Pentagon, are installing radio transmitters to ...
... tribal elders became frequent victims of a sustained campaign of annihilation that has virtually destroyed the structure of ... SAIR noted earlier that, since the beginning of the US-led operation in Afghanistan in 2001 and the consequent influx of Afghan ... Delawar Khan Wazir, a senior journalist from South Waziristan Agency, who maintained a record of his own since 2001, claimed on ...
The campaign period has posed a major test for the Afghan National Security Forces, which formally assumed responsibility for ... On Saturday, Afghans will go to the polls in the first round of an election that, if all goes well, will result in the first ... while the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) provided a relatively safe and secure electoral environment. The winners may ... Saturdays will be the first of the post-Taliban era to be secured entirely by Afghan forces. ...
Bushs "lengthy campaign unlike any other we have ever seen" must be different than traditional war. Intelligence efforts and ... Ninety percent of the country are underfed farmers, and most Afghans do not support the Taliban. The enemy are the terrorists ...
In October 2001, the most militarily advanced nation on Earth came into conflict with one of its least developed nations as ... together with the Special Activities Division and the Afghan Northern Alliance, overthrew the Taliban in a lightning campaign ... and traces their deployment throughout the campaign: from the first arrival of forces to the fall of Kabul and Kandahar; from ... In October 2001, the most militarily advanced nation on Earth came into conflict with one of its least developed nations as ...
... led military campaign in Afghanistan have intensified the scrutiny of Islamist movements across Central Asia. ... The attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001 and the U.S.- ... See ICG Central Asia Briefing, Central Asian Perspectives on 11 September and the Afghan Crisis, 28 September 2001; ICG Asia ... The IMU and the Hizb-ut-Tahrir: Implications of the Afghanistan Campaign The attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001 ...
Cumulatively, they indicate one thing: that, for Americans, the value of an Afghan life (or more often Afghan lives) ... are in effect and the air campaign there is being ratcheted up. ... By now, Afghans (and Pakistanis in tribal areas across the ... when it came to air attacks on Afghan homes, the planes simply be grounded, whatever the dangers to U.S. or Afghan troops. ... For years, Afghan President Hamid Karzai has bitterly complained about similar air strikes that kill and wound civilians in or ...
As 2019 ended, a group of former senior U.S. officials claimed that the Afghan campaigns costs have been overblown. American ... As for the campaign against corruption, a supposed pillar of U.S. nation-building, forget it. From shakedowns by officials and ... A slump in world demand led to a rare drop in 2019.) Little wonder, since poppies provide destitute Afghan farmers with income ... Not surprisingly, most Americans know even less about the numbers of Afghan civilians killed and wounded in these years. Since ...
The Afghan people are starving, so we need to do food drops. (Never mind that all those experienced in humanitarian aid ... A number of United Nations organizations have been mounting a major new coordinated humanitarian campaign. These efforts were ... George Bush said we are not at war with the Afghan people - just as we were not at war with the Iraqi people or the Serbian ... Once the natural sympathies of the American people were touched by the plight of the long-suffering Afghan people, public ...
Okinawa was one of the most difficult campaigns of World War II. Fought at Japans doorstep, it was also the last campaign of ... These actions, combined with the U.S. assisted antigovernment forces of Afghans in the north, caused the scattering of the ... This three-year campaign saw the first modern Marine brigade organized, as well as three exploits for which the Corps will be ... The Bougainville campaign marked the beginning of close-air support in the modern sense. For the first time pilots (forward air ...
... how those wars were justified and sold to the American people and the current campaign to legitimize our Afghan campaign.. ... Afghan Officer Tells of U.S. Abuse (tags). Siddiqui, a pro-US Afghan policeman believed he was labeled a Taliban agent by ... Mass rioting reveals depth of Afghan opposition to US occupation (tags). The mass rioting that broke out in the Afghan capital ... The US press seems to promote the opposite view for our domestic Afghan nationals. Why the discrepency?. Afghan King Asks US to ...
After the September 11attacks, there was a sudden onslaught of expressed concern about the Talibans treatment of Afghan women ... A Poor Peoples Campaign Against War. Author: *David Swanson. A Poor Peoples Campaign Against War. By David Swanson. http:// ... He is director of WorldBeyondWar.org and campaign coordinator for RootsAction.org. Swansons books include War Is A Lie. He ... This campaign recognizes the connections.. "Militarism abroad has gone hand in hand with the militarization of U.S. borders and ...
... during the early phase of the Afghan campaign. During that engagement, she earned the nickname "Angel of Death" from a key U.S ... I have kept quiet about the Ron Paul campaign for a while, because I didnt see any need to say anything that would cause any ... If he accepts donations from Neo-Nazis and other racists, thats fine--as long as he stays in the campaign.. We agree with Ed ... An alert LGF reader found a payment of $314.59 for the Tara Thai Restaurant among disbursements for the Paul campaign. That ...

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