A complication of gastrojejunostomy (BILLROTH II PROCEDURE), a reconstructive GASTROENTEROSTOMY. It is caused by acute (complete) or chronic (intermittent) obstruction of the afferent jejunal loop due to HERNIA, intussusception, kinking, VOLVULUS, etc. It is characterized by PAIN and VOMITING of BILE-stained fluid.
A malabsorption syndrome that is associated with a blind loop in the upper SMALL INTESTINE that is characterized by the lack of peristaltic movement, stasis of INTESTINAL CONTENTS, and the overgrowth of BACTERIA. Such bacterial overgrowth interferes with BILE SALTS action, FATTY ACIDS processing, MICROVILLI integrity, and the ABSORPTION of nutrients such as VITAMIN B12 and FOLIC ACID.
A variety of surgical reconstructive procedures devised to restore gastrointestinal continuity, The two major classes of reconstruction are the Billroth I (gastroduodenostomy) and Billroth II (gastrojejunostomy) procedures.
A diagnostic test in which vitamin B12 is tagged with radioactive cobalt, taken orally, and gastrointestinal absorption is determined via measurement of the amount of radioactivity in a 24-hour urine collection.
Liver disease that is caused by injuries to the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS of the vessels and subendothelial EDEMA, but not by THROMBOSIS. Extracellular matrix, rich in FIBRONECTINS, is usually deposited around the HEPATIC VEINS leading to venous outflow occlusion and sinusoidal obstruction.
Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
A surgical procedure involving the excision of the COLON and RECTUM and the formation of an ILEOANAL RESERVOIR (pouch). In patients with intestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, this procedure avoids the need for an OSTOMY by allowing for transanal defecation.
Sacs or reservoirs created to function in place of the COLON and/or RECTUM in patients who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy (PROCTOCOLECTOMY, RESTORATIVE).
A species of parasitic nematodes widely distributed throughout central Africa and also found in northern South America, southern Mexico, and Guatemala. Its intermediate host and vector is the blackfly or buffalo gnat.
A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
Acute INFLAMMATION in the INTESTINAL MUCOSA of the continent ileal reservoir (or pouch) in patients who have undergone ILEOSTOMY and restorative proctocolectomy (PROCTOCOLECTOMY, RESTORATIVE).
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
A childhood seizure disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the SEIZURES. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence seizures and an increased incidence of myoclonus and tonic-clonic seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Rats bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
Accounting procedures for determining credit status and methods of obtaining payment.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for medical services.
Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Anemia characterized by larger than normal erythrocytes, increased mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
A clinical manifestation consisting of an unnatural paleness of the skin.
Clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages. They predominantly affect patients over 60, are considered preleukemic conditions, and have high probability of transformation into ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
One of the two pairs of human chromosomes in the group B class (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 4-5).
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.

Non-surgical treatment for afferent loop syndrome in recurrent gastric cancer complicated by peritoneal carcinomatosis: percutaneous transhepatic duodenal drainage followed by 24-hour infusion of high-dose fluorouracil and leucovorin. (1/7)

Afferent loop syndrome (ALS) is a debilitating complication of recurrent gastric cancer. Surgical intervention is usually not feasible in the face of poor general performance, presence of advanced peritoneal carcinomatosis and limited survival of the patients. Non-surgical approaches include internal drainage by stenting at the stenotic or anastomotic site and external drainage via the percutaneous routes. Percutaneous transhepatic duodenal drainage (PTDD) has been shown to provide effective palliation for ALS, but long-term catheterization is usually inevitable. We hereby present two cases of recurrent gastric cancer whose ALS was successfully treated with PTDD followed by weekly 24-h infusion of high-dose 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (HDFL). PTDD rapidly ameliorated the incapacitating symptoms of ALS, and the effective, low-toxicity chemotherapy subsequently led to tumor regression, restoration of bowel patency and removal of the drainage tube. At present, both patients have remained ALS-free and drainage-free for 16 and 17 months, respectively. Our results indicate that this non-surgical approach with PTDD followed by weekly HDFL could serve as a safe and effective treatment for ALS in recurrent gastric cancer complicated by peritoneal carcinomatosis.  (+info)

Laparoscopy in afferent loop obstruction presenting as acute pancreatitis. (2/7)

BACKGROUND: We describe an afferent loop obstruction caused by an adhesion band in a case of distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y end-to-side jejunal anastomosis for cancer. METHODS: An initial clinical presentation of acute pancreatitis was ruled out by a computed tomography scan, which revealed intestinal obstruction; it was then confirmed on laparoscopy. Definitive treatment was laparoscopic adhesiolysis. A complete review of the literature concerning afferent loop obstructions is presented. RESULTS: The treatment was successful, with minimal postoperative pain, and the 5-day hospital stay was uncomplicated. The patient remains asymptomatic at 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The authors advocate minimally invasive surgery as a complete diagnostic and therapeutic alternative to emergency laparotomy in cases where afferent loop syndrome is suspected, and acknowledge that prompt surgery has a higher rate of success and reduces operative morbidity and mortality.  (+info)

Malignant afferent loop obstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy: report of two cases. (3/7)

We report two cases of malignant afferent loop obstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Case 1. A 70-year-old woman, who had undergone PD for pancreatic cancer, was referred to our hospital because of fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography demonstrated dilatation of a small bowel loop in the right upper quadrant. Laparotomy confirmed the diagnosis of local recurrent tumor causing occlusion of the afferent limb, and Roux-en-Y bypass was performed. Case 2. A 72-year-old man, who had undergone PD for cancer of the major papilla, was hospitalized with a high-grade fever and epigastric pain. Ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography revealed a dilated afferent loop and multiple masses in liver. At laparotomy, widespread carcinomatosis was found to have caused afferent loop obstruction, and surgical bypass was performed. In conclusion, the surgical bypass seems to be an effective palliative treatment for afferent loop syndrome after PD.  (+info)

Biliary stone causing afferent loop syndrome and pancreatitis. (4/7)

We report the case of an 84-year-old female who had a partial gastrectomy with Billroth-II anastomosis 24 years ago for a benign peptic ulcer who now presented an acute pancreatitis secondary to an afferent loop syndrome. The syndrome was caused by a gallstone that migrated through a cholecystoenteric fistula. This is the first description in the literature of a biliary stone causing afferent loop syndrome.  (+info)

Using multidetector-row CT for the diagnosis of afferent loop syndrome following gastroenterostomy reconstruction. (5/7)

 (+info)

Enterolith causing acute afferent loop syndrome after Billroth II gastrectomy: a case report. (6/7)

Enterolith is a rare cause of afferent loop obstruction following Billroth II gastrectomy. We report a case of acute afferent loop syndrome (ALS) due to a huge enterolith, necessitating prompt surgery. The clinical pattern may mimic acute cholangitis and/or pancreatitis. Delayed diagnosis may result in severe complications such as bowel ischemia or perforation. Only 14 reported cases of enterolith causing afferent loop obstruction were found in the English literature.  (+info)

Radionuclide demonstration of small-bowel anatomy in the afferent-loop syndrome: case report. (7/7)

Radionuclide imaging with I-131 rose bengal and orally administered Tc-99m colloid was successfully used to show the presence of an afferent loop that was not visualized by radiographic, endoscopic, or ultrasonic procedures.  (+info)

The dilatation of the small bowel proximal to the closed loop and the dilatation within the closed loop depend on the amount of obstruction at the two stenoses and the time before the patient gets to CT and surgery.. In most cases both the proximal bowel and the closed loop are dilated, but sometimes there is only dilatation of the proximal bowel or only of the closed loop.. When the obstruction is very acute and there is no time delay, the bowel may not be dilated at all, which can make the diagnosis difficult.. Watch the next video.... ...
Mechanical obstruction results in the dilatation of the proximal large bowel, leading to an increase in intraluminal pressure. Initially, this causes reduced mesenteric venous outflow and mucosal oedema, causing the transudative loss of fluids and electrolytes into the proximal bowel lumen. This causes severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. The bowel wall progressively becomes ischaemic as arterial blood supply becomes compromised with further oedema and mucosal ulceration, predisposing to bacterial translocation and septic complications. The ischaemic bowel wall is also prone to perforation that results in faecal peritonitis.. Sigmoid or caecal volvulus occurs due to the rotation of the colonic segment on its mesentery. Following a complete 360-degree twist, closed loop obstruction occurs.. Closed loop obstruction also occurs in the presence of a distal obstruction with a patent ileo-caecal valve (ie. competent valve). This further increases the intraluminal pressure and causes caecal ...
SBO -simple obstruction -closed loop obstruction = 2 points of obstruction (ex: 2 adhesions or a loop of bowel within a hernia sac) that prevent anterograde or retrograde flow of contents ----rapidly progresses to ischemia and infarction ----loop often twists on itself --| occludes large arteriesG -can still have BMs with a complete SBO as…
A 36 year old Male presents with abdominal pain and distension with vomiting and constipation since two days. On evaluation, a diagnosis of Intestinal obstruction was made and this was the intraoperative finding. Confirmed to be an abdominal Kochs. Notice the discolored bowel loops, closed loop obstruction and multiple air-fluid levels on the x-ray. In a country like ours, never underestimate the prevalence of TB, irrespective of the organ system. @therealfarmanali #docfortmeducation #medicalmentors #medicalstudents #medicaleducation #intestinehealth
Efferent Loop Syndrome What is efferent loop syndrome? Efferent loop syndrome is one of two loop syndromes that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, a portion or limb of the small intestine becomes blocked. Of the two types of loop syndromes, the other type, afferent loop syndrome, is the more common. Efferent loop syndrome is quite rare. Surgeons have improved gastric surgery, so both types of loop syndromes are now less common. What causes efferent loop syndrome afte...
Looking for online definition of gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome in the Medical Dictionary? gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome explanation free. What is gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome? Meaning of gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome medical term. What does gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome mean?
Efferent loop syndrome is one of two loop syndromes that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, a portion or limb of the small intestine becomes blocked.
Acupuncture needling is associated with increases in capillary tortuosity and diameter of afferent loop in the oral mucosa of health volunteers.. Many branches of medicine employ acupuncture by exploiting its proven effects such as the reduction of pain sensation, or reduction of nausea of chemotherapy or pregnancy. Research is conducted into new effects not yet proven, for example, variations in hormones such as angiotensin and its use in the complications of dysmetabolic pathologies such as diabetes.11 12 In the last two years, many studies have been made on the cardiocirculatory system and in particular on the modulation of the pressure values, on the use of acupuncture as an adjuvant to pharmacological therapies, on the reduction of cancer pain, on treatment of neuropathies and on the investigation of the effects of acupuncture on macro and microcirculation, especially at nail, skin and muscle layer level.13. A recent study conducted by Komori et al14 confirmed that acupuncture stimulation ...
In blind loop syndrome, food is not able to follow the normal digestive route. Instead, it bypasses a section of your intestine.
Diagnosis Code 579.2 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Self-filling blind loops of rat jejunum exhibit hyperregenerative transformation of the mucosa. We used this experimental model to characterise mechanisms, which may occur under similar conditions in man (stagnant loop syndrome). Epithelial and subepithelial resistance were measured in the Ussing-chamber by voltage divider ratio measurements after positioning a microelectrode between epithelium and subepithelial tissue layers. In the blind loop, epithelial resistance increased from 8 +/- 1 to 23 +/- 1 omega cm2 and subepithelial resistance from 39 +/- 4 to 86 +/- 8 omega cm2 as compared with control jejunum. The increase in the subepithelial resistance was paralleled anatomically by an increase in the thickness of the subepithelial tissue layers from 63 +/- 4 microns to 177 +/- 19 microns. Ultrastructural analysis of the tight junction area by freeze fracture electron microscopy revealed an increase in the total junctional depth in the crypts from 243 +/- 9 nm in control jejunum to 396 +/- 17 ...
blind loop syndrome answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Volvulus of the colon is a closed loop obstruction resulting from an axial rotation of the colon on its mesentry. It is one of the common causes for obstruction in Northern Iran, East Africa, Eastern Europe and India. It is probably related to the high roughage diet consumed in these communities. These diets are similar to the Jamaican diet. This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the frequency of this type of acute abdominal emergency seen at the University Hospital of the West Indies, (UHWI), Kingston, Jamaica. Colonic volvulus accounted for 8-9 percent of all intestinal obstruction seen at the UHWI between 1971-1976. All types of volvulus were seen with sigmoid volvulus being the most commonly encountered. A high incidence of compound volvulus was also noted. The high roughage diet is suggested as an etiological factor since it is similar to the diet in other countries where the incidence of volvulus is high. Colonic volvulus is an acute surgical emergency requiring prompt ...
Radiology assistent - abdomen - Abdominal Trauma - Role of CT - Acute Abdomen - Aortic aneurysm rupture - Acute Abdomen - A Practical Approach - Acute Abdomen - Closed Loop Obstruction - Acute Abdomen - Ultrasonography - Adrenals: differentiation of adrenal masses - Appendix: Mimics of appendicitis - â ¦ Ciencias Sociales A Radiology Assistant in the New York City, NY Area area reported making $16 per hour. 2, Vertebral body (TH 12). Apply to Radiologist, Technician, Assistant and more! the abdomen should be free from rotation with symmetry of the: ribs (superior) iliac crests (middle) obturator foramen (inferior) Practical points. Abdomen Ultrasound Imaging Technique The abdomen is examined with sector or curved array transducers using frequencies of 5.0 to 2.25 MHz. Introduction. 1-2 years experience. Radiology Assistant 2.0 app; StartRadiology; iPad version of the Radiology Assistant; iPhone; iPhone application; Acute Abdomen - Practical approach Adriaan van Breda Vriesman and Robin ...
Synonyms for enterolith in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for enterolith. 2 words related to enterolith: calculus, concretion. What are synonyms for enterolith?
n. a state in which absorption of one or more substances by the small intestine is reduced. It most commonly affects fat (causing steatorrhoea), some vitamins (such as B12, folate, vitamin D, and vitamin K), electrolytes (such as calcium, potassium), iron, and amino acids. Symptoms (depending on the substances involved) include weight loss, diarrhoea, anaemia, paraesthesia, swelling (oedema), and vitamin deficiencies. The commonest causes are coeliac disease, pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, blind loop syndrome, chronic infection (e.g. giardiasis), or surgical removal of a length of small intestine. ...
Prolonged how long till lamictal takes effect use in diverticular disease or other acid, figure. Avoid ulcerogenic drugs metabolized to be complicated by a short stature. Genetic factors that of these unnecessary deaths and gastro-intestinal upsets, depression, barbiturates, pagets. Resistant influenza a day until the action on dialysis for dropsy in primary prevention of thiopurines. Enfuvirtide is metabolized by loop syndrome develops when treating with local allergic conjunctivitis 5 549 following ingestion. Serum iron and thus non-competitively and :frequency are low activity. It is organized in deficiency, macular degeneration 428 following clinical experience unacceptable. Life-style advice - not all been noted for weeks immediately before the treatment is administered by fluctuating airways. Patients and, fibre and for therapeutic purposes, headache and abnormal thyroid storm The parent drug. Less than those with two :or are useful in the surface has been developed a rare disorder. ...
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts is a leading provider of quality health insurance for residents of Massachusetts. Our main goal is to make health care cost-effective by offering health insurance solutions for individuals, families, and large and small businesses at affordable rates.. Our Vision - Making Quality Health Care ...
The Canadian Journal of Urology, (CJU International), is the only peer reviewed, indexed, scientific urology journal published in Canada. It is published six times per year and is available on MEDLINE. The journal has steadily gained recognition in the medical community within Canada and abroad, and continues to successfully disseminate the latest scientific knowledge in the field of urology.
Synonyms for gastroenterostomy in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for gastroenterostomy. 5 words related to gastroenterostomy: surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation. What are synonyms for gastroenterostomy?
Patients undergoing whipples pancreaticoduodenectomy tend to develop delayed gastric emptying. The study compares two types of anastamosis of sto
Prophylactic antibiotic therapy may be indicated in cases of IBD. Criteria that determine antibiotic use include the presence of peripheral leukocytosis, elevated hepatic or pancreatic enzymes on the biochemical profile, bleeding from the GI tract, suspected bacterial overgrowth or stagnant loop syndrome, and severe mucosal inflammatory changes with a neutrophilic component. Two antibiotics that are often used in combination with prednisolone therapy are amoxicillin (Amoxi-tabs) and metronidazole (Flagyl). Amoxicillin has both aerobic and anaerobic bactericidal effects and is dosed at 5 to 10 mg/lb b.i.d. for 10 to 14 days or as long as deemed necessary by the veterinarian. Metronidazole is primarily an anaerobic bactericidal antibiotic and often shows dramatic clinical response in combination with prednisolone therapy in refractory IBD cases. Metroniclazole also has an antiprotozoan effect and aids in inhibiting cell-mediated immune responses in the intestinal tract. For IBD therapy ...
Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) has become a fundamental imaging technique for the study of many anatomical districts in different clinical situations, as it provides a fast, reliable, an
TY - JOUR. T1 - A comparison of the efficacy and safety of iopamidol-370 and iodixanol-320 in patients undergoing multidetector-row computed tomography. AU - Sahani, Dushyant V.. AU - Soulez, Gilles. AU - Chen, Ke Min. AU - Lepanto, Luigi. AU - Xu, Jian Rong. AU - Nelson, Rendon C.. AU - Grazioli, Luigi. AU - Vanzulli, Angelo. AU - Heiken, Jay P.. PY - 2007/12. Y1 - 2007/12. N2 - OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare the effects on heart rate (HR) and contrast enhancement efficacy of iopamidol-370 and iodixanol-320 in contrast-enhanced, multidetector-row computed tomography (CE-MDCT). METHODS: IMPACT is a multicenter, double-blind study involving 166 patients undergoing CE-MDCT of the liver (n = 121) or peripheral arteries (n = 45) randomized to receive equi-iodine doses (40 gI) of iopamidol-370 or iodixanol-320 intravenous at 4 mL/s. CE-MDCT was performed using 16-MDCT scanners according to predefined imaging protocols. HR was measured with the patient in the supine position before and ...
Approximately half of patients with rectal cancer may be candidates for palliative therapy at some point during their disease process because of locally advanced or metastatic disease or high operative risk.4,7 Treatment strategies as an alternative for palliative surgery for advanced stage rectal cancer include laser ablation, argon plasma coagulation, electrocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, pelvic radiotherapy, chemotherapy, endoscopic stenting, and cryotherapy.7-11 Treatment selection should consider the patients symptoms, age, comorbid conditions, extent of disease, and patient preference.. Endoscopic cryotherapy has been used to control tumor bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. This technique involves directing freezing nitrogen gas on the lesion during direct visualization, causing immediate and delayed cellular death.6,12 Each mucosal site is generally treated for 20-30 seconds for 2-3 cycles with at least 45 seconds between freezes to allow complete tissue thawing. Endoscopic ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
... afferent loop syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.400 - graft occlusion, vascular MeSH C23.550.767.600 - malignant hyperthermia MeSH ... postgastrectomy syndromes MeSH C23.550.767.812.500 - dumping syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.850 - postoperative hemorrhage MeSH ... adams-stokes syndrome MeSH C23.550.073.425.100 - bundle-branch block MeSH C23.550.073.425.780 - sinoatrial block MeSH C23.550. ... short bowel syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.887 - surgical wound dehiscence MeSH C23.550.767.925 - surgical wound infection MeSH ...
... afferent loop syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.531.311 - duodenal obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.424 - fecal impaction MeSH C06.405. ... malabsorption syndromes MeSH C06.405.469.637.145 - blind loop syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.637.250 - celiac disease MeSH C06.405. ... gardner syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.578.750 - peutz-jeghers syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.600 - jejunal diseases MeSH C06.405.469.600 ... zollinger-ellison syndrome MeSH C06.552.150.125 - alagille syndrome MeSH C06.552.150.250 - liver cirrhosis, biliary MeSH ...
... syndrome Afferent loop syndrome Aicardi syndrome Aicardi-Goutières syndrome AIDS dysmorphic syndrome Al-Raqad syndrome Alagille ... syndrome Wende-Bauckus syndrome Werner syndrome Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome West syndrome Westerhof syndrome Wet lung syndrome ... syndrome Shone's syndrome Short anagen syndrome Short bowel syndrome short limb syndrome Short man syndrome Short QT syndrome ... epicanthus inversus syndrome Blind loop syndrome Bloom syndrome Blount's disease Blue baby syndrome Blue diaper syndrome Blue ...
Fekete-Lechan loop). Additional feedback loops are ultrashort feedback control of TSH secretion (Brokken-Wiersinga-Prummel loop ... Low-T3 syndrome and high-T3 syndrome: Consequences of step-up hypodeiodination, e.g. in critical illness as an example for type ... Convergence of multiple afferent signals in the control of TSH release including but not limited to T3, cytokines and TSH ... Pickardt-Fahlbusch syndrome or euthyroid sick syndrome. Hyperthyroidism: Inappropriately increased thyroid function primary ...
A failure of this reflex can be fatal, for example as a contributory factor in sudden infant death syndrome. Hypercapnia can ... The carbon dioxide scrubber in the diver's rebreather is failing to remove sufficient carbon dioxide from the loop (higher ... higher levels of carbon dioxide stimulate aortic and carotid chemoreceptors with afferents -CN IX and X- to medulla oblongata ... It is particularly counterproductive with a rebreather, where the act of breathing pumps the gas around the "loop", pushing ...
Some neurologists hypothesize that the putamen also plays a role in the selection of movement (e.g. Tourette syndrome) and the ... Unlike the thalamus, which has broad reciprocal connectivity, cortical projections with the putamen are afferent, thus sending ... parallel circuits that allow for cortico-subcortico-cortico communication loops. These have been described, broadly, as the ... afferent, and efferent substrates. The putamen's outputs are highly arborized across output structures, and cortical efferents ...
... as seen in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). GnRH formation is congenitally absent in Kallmann syndrome. At the pituitary, GnRH ... The GnRH neurons are regulated by many different afferent neurons, using several different transmitters (including ... pulse activity is critical for successful reproductive function as controlled by feedback loops. However, once a pregnancy is ...
... such as long QT syndrome and Brugada syndrome. Heart related causes also often have little history of a prodrome. Low blood ... More specific tests such as implantable loop recorders, tilt table testing or carotid sinus massage may be useful in uncertain ... A feedback response to the medulla is triggered via the afferent vagus nerve. The high (ineffective) sympathetic activity is ... such as long QT syndrome and Brugada syndrome. Heart related causes also often have little history of a prodrome. Low blood ...
"Neuroleptic malignant syndrome". UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October ... Lithium plasma concentrations are known to be increased with concurrent use of diuretics-especially loop diuretics (such as ... This is likely due to constriction of the afferent arteriole of the glomerulus, resulting in decreased glomerular filtration ... "Serotonin syndrome". UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013. ...
Most commonly VRAs are used to treat hyponatremia caused by syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), ... Additionally, vasopressin selectively contracts efferent arterioles probably through the V1R, but not the afferent arteriole. ... the V1R has sites at both the amino-terminus and at the extracellular loop, whereas the V2R has a single site at the ...
"Absent relative afferent pupillary defect in an asymptomatic case of lateral chiasmal syndrome from cerebral aneurysm". ... Lesions of right temporal lobe (meyer's Loop) of the optic radiation on one side produces a loss of the upper, outer quadrant ... middle and posterior chiasmal syndromes. Another type is lateral chiasmal syndrome. Causes of chiasmal syndromes may be ... Signs and symptoms associated with optic chiasm lesions are also known as chiasmal syndrome. Chiasmal syndrome has been ...
Gilles de la Tourette syndromeEdit. Further information on Tourette Syndrome: Tourette syndrome ... Many looping circuits connect back at the striatum from other areas of the brain; including those from the emotion-center ... Connecting excitatory afferent nerve fibers help in the regulation of activity in the basal ganglia circuit. Essentially, two ... One study has found that those with Tourette syndrome have enhanced procedural learning. Subjects with Tourette's syndrome were ...
However, because it receives predominantly cerebellar afferents and no direct basal ganglia afferents, the reason why it is ... Its dysfunction may play a role in central pain syndrome. It has also been identified as a promising deep brain stimulation ... One function of the loop is to carry movement instructions to the motor cortex through zona incerta output to the ventral ... Spinal cord Zona incerta afferents terminate within the spinal cord gray matter, particularly the anterior horn, while spinal ...
Stickler syndrome and Waardenburg syndrome, and (recessive) Pendred syndrome and Usher syndrome. Mitochondrial mutations ... This includes loop diuretics, sildenafil (Viagra), high or sustained dosing of NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and ... The main function of the IHCs is to transmit sound information via afferent neurons. They do this by transducing mechanical ... Pendred syndrome, branchio-oto-renal syndrome, CHARGE syndrome GATA2 deficiency, a grouping of several disorders caused by ...
F-waves are able to assess both afferent and efferent loops of the alpha motor neuron in its entirety. As such, various ... frequently used in the assessment of demyelinating neuropathic conditions including Guillain-Barré syndrome. chronodispersion ... and do not involve conduction along afferent sensory nerves. Thus, the F-wave is considered a wave, as opposed to a reflex. F- ...
And if a person produces auto-antibodies against gephyrin, this can even result in stiff person syndrome. At some point in ... recent publications have shown that gephyrin also interacts with the intracellular loop between the transmembrane helices TM3 ... "Gephyrin Clusters Are Absent from Small Diameter Primary Afferent Terminals Despite the Presence of GABAA Receptors". J. ... "Autoimmunity to gephyrin in Stiff-Man syndrome". Neuron. 26 (2): 307-12. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(00)81165-4. PMID 10839351. ...
Afferent leg. The afferent leg of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for conveying sensory information to the brain, ... Examples include cancer and AIDS, which induce a body wasting syndrome called cachexia. Other syndromes or conditions that can ... These can be synthesized experimentally using work loop analysis.. Strength. A display of "strength" (e.g. lifting a weight) is ... Signals are picked up by sensory receptors and sent to the spinal cord and brain via the afferent leg of the peripheral nervous ...
... pain syndromes such as post-laminectomy syndrome, low back pain, complex regional pain syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, ... In particular, the so-called DBS "zero" electrode, (consisting of a contact loop on its end) had an unacceptable failure rate ... transcutaneous afferent patterned stimulation (TAPS) Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) Magnetic methods of neuromodulation are ... Attempts at addressing intractable pain syndromes with DBS were met with more success, but again hampered by the quality of ...
The BNP test is also used for the risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndromes. When interpreting an elevated ... Reeves WB, Andreoli TE (2008). "Chapter 31 - Sodium Chloride Transport in the Loop of Henle, Distal Convoluted Tubule, and ... Lipolysis is also increased.[citation needed] Dilates the afferent glomerular arteriole, constricts the efferent glomerular ...
Low-T3 syndrome and high-T3 syndrome: Consequences of step-up hypodeiodination, e.g. in critical illness as an example for type ... Additional feedback loops are ultrashort feedback control of TSH secretion (Brokken-Wiersinga-Prummel loop)[5] and linear ... Convergence of multiple afferent signals in the control of TSH release including but not limited to T3[10], cytokines[11][12] ... Liu S, Ren J, Zhao Y, Han G, Hong Z, Yan D, Chen J, Gu G, Wang G, Wang X, Fan C, Li J (2013). "Nonthyroidal illness syndrome: ...
This is true for not only for the striatal afferent but also for the subthalamic (see below). The synaptology of the set is ... In the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical loop the basal ganglia are interconnected, with little output to external targets ... Deep brain stimulation of the nucleus suppress most of the symptoms of the Parkinson' syndrome, particularly dyskinesia induced ... Most of the dendritic spines on the medium spiny neurons synapse with cortical afferents and their axons project numerous ...
Loops D and F are in fact β-strands not loops. W90 in loop D is critical for ligand binding and antagonists may directly ... With the notable exceptions of alosetron and cilansetron, which are used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, all 5- ... The 5-HT3 receptors are present in several critical sites involved in emesis, including vagal afferents, the solitary tract ... The most important aromatic residue within loop C is probably Y234 that lies opposite to the loop B tryptophan in the ligand ...
The polymorphism Thr2Ile may be linked to congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. BDNF and IL-6 might be involved in the ... "A BDNF autocrine loop in adult sensory neurons prevents cell death". Nature. 374 (6521): 450-53. Bibcode:1995Natur.374..450A. ... from environmental stimuli are initially processed by the cortex before being transmitted to the hippocampus along an afferent ... Rett syndrome, and dementia, as well as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Increased levels of BDNF can induce a change to ...
... suggesting that it mediates the detection of cold thermal stimuli by primary afferent sensory neurons of afferent nerve fibers ... S5 and S6 and a connecting loop, also part of the structure, make up the pore, a non-selective cation channel which consists of ... TRPM8 upregulation in bladder tissues correlates with pain in patients with painful bladder syndromes. Furthermore, TRPM8 is ... The signal is conducted from primary afferents (type C- and A-delta) eventually leading to the sensation of cold and cold pain ...
Loop diuretics can be added as additional therapy. Where salt restriction and the use of diuretics are ineffective then ... Hepatorenal syndrome is a serious complication of end-stage cirrhosis when kidney damage is also involved. People with ascites ... The hepatic venous pressure gradient, (difference in venous pressure between afferent and efferent blood to the liver) also ... Francoz C, Durand F, Kahn JA, Genyk YS, Nadim MK (May 2019). "Hepatorenal Syndrome". Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 14 (5): 774-781. ...
One study has found that those with Tourette syndrome have enhanced procedural learning. Subjects with Tourette's syndrome were ... Many looping circuits connect back at the striatum from other areas of the brain; including those from the emotion-center ... Connecting excitatory afferent nerve fibers help in the regulation of activity in the basal ganglia circuit. Essentially, two ... The main looping circuit involved in the motor skill part of procedural memory is usually called the cortex-basal ganglia- ...
The theory of closed-loop perception proposes dynamic motor-sensory closed-loop process in which information flows through the ... Afferent sensory signals continuously interact with higher order cognitive representations of goals, history, and environment, ... Philosophy portal Psychology portal Action-specific perception Alice in Wonderland syndrome Apophenia Change blindness Feeling ... Ahissar E., Assa E. (2016). "Perception as a closed-loop convergence process". eLife. 5: e12830. doi:10.7554/eLife.12830. PMC ...
Addiction Athetosis Athymhormic syndrome (PAP syndrome) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Blepharospasm Bruxism ... The CBGTC loop is also involved in reward discounting, with firing increasing with an unexpected or greater than expected ... The basal ganglia contains many afferent glutamatergic inputs, with predominantly GABAergic efferent fibers, modulatory ... The oculomotor loop involved projections from the frontal eye fields, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), and the ...
Overactive bladder Trigger point-a key to myofascial pain syndrome. "Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome fact sheet". ... This may leave the pelvic area in a sensitized condition, resulting in a loop of muscle tension and heightened neurological ... Ustinova, Elena E; Fraser, Matthew O; Pezzone, Michael A (2010). "Cross-talk and sensitization of bladder afferent nerves". ... bladder pain syndrome and hypersensitive bladder syndrome, alone and in a variety of combinations. These different terms are ...
... water and ion permeability in the descending limb of the loop, water impermeability in the ascending loop, and active ion ... Kidney tumour Wilms tumor Renal cell carcinoma Lupus nephritis Minimal change disease In nephrotic syndrome, the glomerulus has ... Each arcuate artery supplies several interlobular arteries that feed into the afferent arterioles that supply the glomeruli. ... The latter feature is due to the presence of elongated loops of Henle; these are much shorter in birds, and not truly present ...
Stark D, van Hal S, Marriott D, Ellis J, Harkness J (Jan 2007). "Irritable bowel syndrome: a review on the role of intestinal ... Amino acid residues that are responsible for the binding of SP and its antagonists are present in the extracellular loops and ... Substance P coexists with the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate in primary afferents that respond to painful stimulation.[ ... decreases anxiety and emotional arousal circuit response to noxious visceral distension in women with irritable bowel syndrome ...
Rett syndrome,[73] and dementia,[74] as well as anorexia nervosa[75] and bulimia nervosa.[76] Increased levels of BDNF can ... "A BDNF autocrine loop in adult sensory neurons prevents cell death". Nature. 374 (6521): 450-53. Bibcode:1995Natur.374..450A. ... from environmental stimuli are initially processed by the cortex before being transmitted to the hippocampus along an afferent ... Weese-Mayer DE, Bolk S, Silvestri JM, Chakravarti A (February 2002). "Idiopathic congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: ...
As scientists discover more about Earth, vast numbers of positive and negative feedback loops are being discovered, that, ... via afferent nerve fibers, to the solitary nucleus in the medulla oblongata.[48] From here motor nerves belonging to the ... "Altitude Illness - Cerebral Syndromes". eMedicine Specialties , Emergency Medicine , Environmental.. *^ Alberts, Bruce (2002 ... Such anticipatory reactions are open loop systems which are based, essentially, on "guess work", and are not self-correcting.[ ...
This hypothesis has been questioned because of the existence of the afferent loop of the reflex, the fact that it does not ... the afferent of the hiccup reflex arc) is located.[20] ... Precordial catch syndrome. *Pleurisy. *Nail clubbing. *Cyanosis ...
Related to urethritis is so called urethral syndrome. *Passage of kidney stones through the urethra can be painful, which can ... Loop of Henle *Descending. *Thin ascending. *Thick ascending. *Distal convoluted tubule. *Collecting duct system *Connecting ...
This hypothesis has been questioned because of the existence of the afferent loop of the reflex, the fact that it does not ...
Thick ascending loop of Henle. Na+ (10-20%), K+, Cl−; indirectly induces para cellular reabsorption of Mg2+, Ca2+. *This region ... In nephrotic syndrome, the glomerulus has been damaged so that a large amount of protein in the blood enters the urine. Other ... Each arcuate artery supplies several interlobular arteries that feed into the afferent arterioles that supply the glomeruli. ... water and ion permeability in the descending limb of the loop, water impermeability in the ascending loop, and active ion ...
One study has also linked abnormal 5-HT2A polymorphisms which may enhance receptor activity with chronic fatigue syndrome.[94] ... Marek GJ, Wright RA, Gewirtz JC, Schoepp DD (2001). "A major role for thalamocortical afferents in serotonergic hallucinogen ... "A functional selectivity mechanism at the serotonin-2A GPCR involves ligand-dependent conformations of intracellular loop 2" ... Patients with Tourette's syndrome have also been scanned and the study found an increased binding of altanserin for patients ...
Afferent. *Vestibular nuclei → Vestibulocerebellar tract → ICP → Cerebellum → Granule cell. *Pontine nuclei → Pontocerebellar ... Neural pathways in the basal ganglia in the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical loop, are seen as controlling different ... "Damage to Descending Motor Pathways: The Upper Motor Neuron Syndrome".. *^ Llinas RR, Walton KD, Lang EJ (2004). "Ch. 7 ...
Related to urethritis is so called urethral syndrome. *Passage of kidney stones through the urethra can be painful, which can ...
Proof of a New Syndrome". Hypertension. 46 (2): 380-5. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000171185.25749.5b. PMID 15967872.. .mw-parser- ... Loop of Henle *Descending. *Thin ascending. *Thick ascending. *Distal convoluted tubule. *Collecting duct system *Connecting ...
The higher levels of cortisol in Cushing's syndrome is usually the result of medications taken for other conditions.[106][107] ... de Olmos J, Hardy H, Heimer L (Sep 1978). "The afferent connections of the main and the accessory olfactory bulb formations in ... CA3 axons called Schaffer collaterals leave the deep part of the cell body and loop up to the apical dendrites and then extend ... This dendritic retraction is reversible.[107] After treatment with medication to reduce cortisol in Cushing's syndrome, the ...
"Serotonin syndrome". UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.. ... Lithium plasma concentrations are known to be increased with concurrent use of diuretics-especially loop diuretics (such as ... This is likely due to constriction of the afferent arteriole of the glomerulus, resulting in decreased glomerular filtration ... "Neuroleptic malignant syndrome". UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October ...
Closed-loop perceptionEdit. Here perception is proposed to be a dynamic motor-sensory closed-loop process in which information ... Willis, William D.; Coggeshall, Richard E. (31 January 2004). Sensory Mechanisms of the Spinal Cord: Primary afferent neurons ... Afferent sensory signals continuously interact with higher order cognitive representations of goals, history, and environment, ... flows through the environment and the brain in continuous loops.[67][68][69] ...
The higher levels of cortisol in Cushing's syndrome is usually the result of medications taken for other conditions.[101][102] ... de Olmos J, Hardy H, Heimer L (Sep 1978). "The afferent connections of the main and the accessory olfactory bulb formations in ... Axons from CA1 then project back to the entorhinal cortex (third synaptic connection) completing the trisynaptic loop or ... This dendritic retraction is reversible.[102] After treatment with medication to reduce cortisol in Cushing's syndrome, the ...
... "re-afferent" input generated from the moving limb, that is, the afferent return from the moving limb associated with the self- ... is actively avoided through facilitation of extension of the fingers and withdrawal of the palm in a negative feedback loop (i. ... Alien hand syndrome (AHS) or Dr. Strangelove syndrome is a category of conditions in which a person experiences their limbs ... Apraxia and Related Syndromes at eMedicine Kischka, U; Ettlin, TM; Lichtenstern, L; Riedo, C (1996). "Alien hand syndrome of ...
But the monkeys could not see the arm moving and did not receive any feedback, a so-called open-loop BCI. Later experiments by ... Their patient, Johnny Ray (1944-2002), suffered from 'locked-in syndrome' after suffering a brain-stem stroke in 1997. Ray's ... the topographic organization of the primary visual cortex is such that a broader area obtains afferents from the central or ... The experiment described how an expectation state of the brain, manifested by CNV, controls in a feedback loop the S2 buzzer in ...
de Olmos J, Hardy H, Heimer L (Sep 1978). "The afferent connections of the main and the accessory olfactory bulb formations in ... This atrophy results in a smaller hippocampal volume which is also seen in Cushing's syndrome. The higher levels of cortisol in ... CA3 axons called Schaffer collaterals leave the deep part of the cell body and loop up to the apical dendrites and then extend ... After treatment with medication to reduce cortisol in Cushing's syndrome, the hippocampal volume is seen to be restored by as ...
This information is then conveyed, via afferent nerve fibers, to the solitary nucleus in the medulla oblongata. From here motor ... Such anticipatory reactions are open loop systems which are based, essentially, on "guess work", and are not self-correcting. ... Harris, N Stuart; Nelson, Sara W (16 April 2008). "Altitude Illness - Cerebral Syndromes". EMedicine Specialties > Emergency ... Anticipatory responses always require a closed loop negative feedback system to correct the 'over-shoots' and 'under-shoots' to ...
Afferent loop syndrome (ALS) is a purely mechanical complication that infrequently occurs following construction of a ... Afferent Loop Syndrome) and Afferent Loop Syndrome What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Afferent ... Afferent Loop Syndrome Treatment & Management. Updated: May 15, 2019 * Author: Suresh Kumar Nayudu, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand ... Afferent loop syndrome: treatment by means of the placement of dual stents. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Dec. 199(6):W761-6. [ ...
Afferent loop syndrome (ALS) is a rare complication of Billroth-II gastrojejunostomy (1). Causes of afferent loop obstruction ... Endoscopic management of afferent loop syndrome caused by enteroliths and anastomotic stricture. A case report ... Electrohydraulic lithotripsy of an impacted enterolith causing acute afferent loop syndrome. Clin Endosc 2014;47:367-70. DOI: ... Endoscopic removal of an enterolith causing afferent loop syndrome using electrohydraulic lithotripsy. Dig Endosc 2010;22:220-2 ...
"Afferent Loop Syndrome" by people in this website by year, and whether "Afferent Loop Syndrome" was a major or minor topic of ... "Afferent Loop Syndrome" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Afferent Loop Syndrome*Afferent Loop Syndrome. *Afferent Loop Syndromes. *Loop Syndrome, Afferent ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Afferent Loop Syndrome" by people in Profiles. ...
What were dealing with is a classic case of Afferent Loop Syndrome. When you do a Whipple or a Billroth II gastrectomy, there ... Afferent loop syndrome is a mechanical bowel obstruction (internal hernia, volvulus, stricturing, etc) that results in an ... Now you cant screw around if you suspect afferent loop syndrome. The treatment is surgical. Its a mechanical problem. Sitting ... The ensuing fever work-up included a CT scan of the abdomen (images shown above). What we see is a dilated loop of small bowel ...
Axios stent; Afferent loop syndrome; Duodenal cancer. Citation:. Abu Sneineh M. Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Gastrojejunostomy ... Afferent Loop Syndrome (ALS) is a complication caused by obstruction of the biliopancreatic limb after gastrointestinal ... Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Gastrojejunostomy Stent Placement - A Novel Technique to Manage Afferent Loop Syndrome. Midhat Abu ... A Novel Technique to Manage Afferent Loop Syndrome. Clin Surg. 2021; 6: 3239.. ...
... is a surgical procedure in which an anastomosis is created between the stomach and the proximal loop of the jejunum. This is ... Gastrointestinal: afferent loop syndrome. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Aug. 21(8):1346. [Medline]. ... The advantage of retrocolic gastrojejunostomy is a short afferent loop, resulting in decreased incidence of afferent loop ... his patient succumbed to symptoms and postmortem findings of what is today known as afferent loop syndrome. To avoid this ...
Endoscopic Management of Afferent Loop Syndrome after a Pylorus Preserving Pancreatoduoden Endoscopic Management of Afferent ... Afferent loop syndrome in patients who have undergone a pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy can present with ascending ... Afferent Loop Syndrome , Cholangitis , Endoscopes , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Jaundice, Obstructive , Pancreatic Neoplasms , ... Afferent loop syndrome is a rare complication of gastrojejunostomy. Patients usually present with abdominal distention and ...
What is gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome? Meaning of gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome medical term. What does ... Looking for online definition of gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome in the Medical Dictionary? gastrojejunal loop ... the distended afferent loop of jejunum and duodenum causes symptoms of pain and fullness associated with food ingestion; weight ... gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndrome. af·fer·ent loop syn·drome. chronic obstruction of the duodenum and jejunum proximal to ...
Syndrome - see also Disease*. afferent loop NEC 537.89. *. arteriomesenteric duodenum occlusion 537.89 ...
The afferent loop syndromes result from obstruction to the afferent jejunal loop after gastrojejunostomy. Acute afferent loop ... In chronic afferent loop syndrome the obstruction is intermittent and produces a clinical syndrome. Weinberg pyloroplasty is ... However, after the vomiting resumed, we were advised to do a scan again which diagnosed Afferent loop syndrome. I am forwarding ... Please understand that we are contacting you primarily for non surgical treatment of afferent loop syndrome and not for cancer ...
Uncommon complications of pouch surgery include afferent loop syndrome and prolapse [3, 4]. Volvulus of the small bowel ... A loop of the distal ileum was also found to be twisted behind the mesentery of the afferent loop of the pouch as a remaining ... H. T. Kirat, R. P. Kiran, F. H. Remzi, V. W. Fazio, and B. Shen, "Diagnosis and management of afferent limb syndrome in ... The sutures were also extended upwards to again close the open space behind the afferent loop mesentery (Figure 4). Furthermore ...
A CASE OF REMNANT GASTRIC CANCER WITH AFFERENT LOOP SYNDROME (2000) * 19 ...
"Syndrome in syndrome": Wernicke syndrome due to afferent loop syndrome. Case report and review of the literature. ... Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Comments after 16 published cases ... overproduction of d-lactic acid by intestinal bacteria following oral antibiotic therapy in patients with short bowel syndrome. ...
A CASE OF CHRONIC AFFERENT LOOP SYNDROME TREATED BY ENDOSCOPIC BALLOON DILATATION (1998) ... Polysomnography and body temperature changes by phototherapy in a delayed sleep phase syndrome case (1998) ...
Afferent loop syndrome 40 years after Gastrectomy with Bilroth 2 anastomosis Slides (PDF). Pakpong Wathanaoran, Samitivej ...
Afferent Loop Syndrome by Dr Shilpi Sethi. Feb 15, 2017 5:14 pm 1. 5244. ...
... loop syndromes that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, a portion or limb of the small ... Of the two types of loop syndromes, the other type, afferent loop syndrome, is the more common. Efferent loop syndrome is quite ... What is efferent loop syndrome?. Efferent loop syndrome is one of two "loop syndromes" that can happen after some types of ... Efferent loop syndrome is quite rare.. *When efferent loop syndrome happens, it is usually within the first few weeks after ...
Recurrent cholangitis by biliary stasis due to non-obstructive afferent loop syndrome after ... ... posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, myasthenia gravis-type syndrome, sensorimotor neuropathy ... Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome type 1 (SGBS1) -OMIM 312870- is a rare X-linked inherited overgrowth syndrome caused by a loss ... Acute coronary syndrome after hymenoptera stings or exposure to environment toxins is referred to as the Kounis syndrome or ...
Journal Article] A decreased number of c-kit-expressing cells in a patient with afferent loop syndrome.2003. *. Author(s). ...
Of the two types of loop syndromes, the other type, afferent loop syndrome, is the more common. Efferent loop syndrome is quite ... Efferent loop syndrome is one of two loop syndromes that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, ... Surgeons have improved gastric surgery, so both types of loop syndromes are now less common. What causes efferent loop syndrome ... Efferent Loop Syndrome What is efferent loop syndrome? ... What is efferent loop syndrome? Efferent loop syndrome is one ...
What is afferent nervous activity? Meaning of afferent nervous activity medical term. What does afferent nervous activity mean? ... Looking for online definition of afferent nervous activity in the Medical Dictionary? afferent nervous activity explanation ... 2. something that so conducts, as an afferent fiber or nerve.. afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the ... afferent loop syndrome. chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, ...
Afferent loop syndrome caused by an impacted enterolith is very rare, and endoscopic removal of the enterolith may be difficult ... Electrohydraulic Lithotripsy of an Impacted Enterolith Causing Acute Afferent Loop Syndrome Cho YS, Lee TH, Hwang SO, Lee S, ...
Blind loop syndrome occurs as pregnancy-induced hypertension and dyslipidemia. Extended-spectrum cephalosporin or better than ... suppl th national high blood pressure in children as, including feeding techniques, may afferents from the house. ; ( ): normal ...
Intestinal malfunction afferent loop syndrome, ascariasis, balantidiasis, etc.. * Liver malfunction such as acute liver failure ... Stomach malfunction abdominal compartment syndrome, achlorhydria, acute gastritis, etc.. * Systemic diseases such as antibiotic ...
... the early and late postprandial dumping syndromes, afferent loop syndromes, alkaline reflex gastritis and esophagitis, delayed ... Postgastrectomy Syndromes.. Ann Intern Med. 1977;86:683. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-86-5-683_7 ...
Self-expanding metal stent procedure for afferent loop syndrome with ascending cholangitis caused by remnant gastric cancer: A ... Percutaneous jejunostomy through the liver parenchyma for palliation of afferent loop syndrome. 38 ... Recurrent ascending cholangitis due to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, gastrointestinal dysmotility and an afferent loop ... Case 265: Lemmel Syndrome or Biliary Obstruction Due to a Periampullary Duodenal Diverticulum. 38 ...
... afferent loop syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.400 - graft occlusion, vascular MeSH C23.550.767.600 - malignant hyperthermia MeSH ... postgastrectomy syndromes MeSH C23.550.767.812.500 - dumping syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.850 - postoperative hemorrhage MeSH ... adams-stokes syndrome MeSH C23.550.073.425.100 - bundle-branch block MeSH C23.550.073.425.780 - sinoatrial block MeSH C23.550. ... short bowel syndrome MeSH C23.550.767.887 - surgical wound dehiscence MeSH C23.550.767.925 - surgical wound infection MeSH ...
what is afferent loop syndrome p32, what does ards stand for p32, ... Decks: Section I Overview Amp Background Sur..., Surgical Syndromes Chapter2 P32 35, Surgical Most Commons Chapter3 P35 38, And ...
We present a case of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a patient who had previously ... We present a case of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a patient who had previously ...
postsynaptic congenital myasthenic syndromes 9.5. EPO TET2 17. afferent loop syndrome 9.4. EPO TET2 ... Genetics Home Reference : 25 5q minus (5q-) syndrome is a type of bone marrow disorder called myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). ... The 5q- syndrome is a myelodysplastic syndrome characterized by a defect in erythroid differentiation. Patients have severe ... MalaCards based summary : Macrocytic Anemia, Refractory, Due to 5q Deletion, Somatic, also known as 5q- syndrome, is related to ...
  • It is caused by acute (complete) or chronic (intermittent) obstruction of the afferent jejunal loop due to HERNIA, intussusception, kinking, VOLVULUS, etc. (sickkids.ca)
  • One the basis of his anatomic studies, Petersen recommended an anastomosis of the high jejunal loop to the posterior surface of the stomach to avoid the long looped Roux-en-Y anastomosis. (medscape.com)
  • The afferent loop syndromes result from obstruction to the afferent jejunal loop after gastrojejunostomy. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Soupault-Bucaille's gastroduodenojejunoplasty aims to correct the postresection syndrome by reinserting the duodenum in the digestive circuit, interposing between it and the gastric stump a jejunal loop made from the efferent (or afferent in the case of Billroth II with efferent on the lesser gastric curvature). (minervamedica.it)
  • The jejunal loop is placed with the fornix on the left, and in a slight clockwise rotation so that its antimesenteric edge is in contact with the pancreatic sectional duodfnopancreatectomia. (upravazamladeisport.me)
  • Endoscopic management of afferent loop syndrome caused by enteroliths and anastomotic stricture. (isciii.es)
  • The fact remains that ALS is a purely mechanical complication consisting of varying degrees of obstruction of the afferent loop and will not resolve without surgery or other interventional techniques. (medscape.com)
  • Metal stent placement for malignant obstruction of the afferent loop was found to be safe and feasible. (e-ce.org)
  • In a post-op Whipple patient, an acute afferent limb obstruction is especially concerning because there's a fresh bilary anastomosis potentially at risk. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • When I took her back, the obstructed, summer sausage-swollen afferent limb was confirmed. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • It just didn't seem to want to "lay right" without kinking (perhaps secondary to some redundancy in the afferent limb). (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • So I rerouted the afferent limb downstream via a Roux-en-Y reconstruction. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • Afferent Loop Syndrome (ALS) is a complication caused by obstruction of the biliopancreatic limb after gastrointestinal reconstruction. (clinicsinsurgery.com)
  • In a loop syndrome, a portion or "limb" of the small intestine becomes blocked. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • We therefore performed receliotomy in which the hepaticojejunostomy was disconnected and reconstructed using a new Y limb 40-cm in length constructed in a double Roux-en-Y fashion. (biomedsearch.com)
  • d) Bacterial overgrowth in afferent limb causes malabsorption of fat and other nutrients, such as vitamin B12 or iron. (mcqsurgery.com)
  • Candy Cane syndrome" (a blind afferent Roux limb at the gastro-jejunostomy [GJ]) has been implicated as a cause of abdominal pain, nausea, and emesis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure (RYGB), but remains poorly described. (sages.org)
  • On UGI, the afferent limb appeared to fill first before "spilling" into the roux limb. (sages.org)
  • On endoscopy, the afferent limb was the most direct outlet from the gastro-jejunostomy. (sages.org)
  • Candy Cane" syndrome is a real phenomenon that resolves after resection of the blind afferent limb. (sages.org)
  • This syndrome can be managed safely with excellent outcomes with revisional surgery and removal of the afferent limb. (sages.org)
  • The afferent limb of the neobladder, into which the uretero-ileal anastomoses are later performed, is positioned on the right hand side of the pelvis, and is not detubularized. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The staple line is excised from the cranial section of the afferent limb , and either oversewn with 3. (freethesaurus.com)
  • A small opening remains at the anterior wall just below the afferent limb , which is where the ureteric stents will pass through the neobladder and into the ureters. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The afferent limb and ureters are lined up on the right side. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Stimulation of the superficial and deep cardiac plexuses, which connect to the afferent limb of the hiccup reflex arc, caused by acute anterolateral myocardial infarction, can lead to persistent and intractable hiccups. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Vettoretto and associates reported a case of afferent loop obstruction caused by an adhesive band following distal gastrectomy and reconstruction for gastric cancer. (medscape.com)
  • What we're dealing with is a classic case of Afferent Loop Syndrome . (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • We present a case of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a patient who had previously undergone total gastrectomy (TG), and review the English-language literature concerning reconstruction procedures following PD in patients who had undergone TG. (biomedsearch.com)
  • When you do a Whipple or a Billroth II gastrectomy, there is a loop of bowel (jejunum and/or duodenum) that extends upstream from the gastrojejunostomy toward the pancreas and common bile duct. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • Concise reviews with references, of major problems likely to occur after gastrectomy: the early and late postprandial dumping syndromes, afferent loop syndromes, alkaline reflex gastritis and esophagitis, delayed gastric emptying, recurrent peptic ulceration, gastric-remnant carcinoma, post-vagotomy diarrhea, hematologic problems, malabsorption. (annals.org)
  • Q) Not true about afferent loop syndrome a) It can occur after either partial or total gastrectomy with Billroth ii reconstruction or roux en y gastrojejunostomy b) Acute obstruction is more common than chronic c) Weight loss and anemia are common. (mcqsurgery.com)
  • Gastrectomy usually means removal of part of the stomach and anastomosis of the gastric remnant with either the duodenum (Billroth I) or a loop of proximal jejunum (Billroth II). (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • Jawa R , Gutierrez L, Toro-Serra R, Kulaylat M. Afferent loop syndrome following partial gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. (stonybrookmedicine.edu)
  • Uncommon complications of pouch surgery include afferent loop syndrome and prolapse [ 3 , 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The objectives of this study were to report the rate of postoperative complications following TG, to analyze adverse postoperative outcomes, and to determine which of the two techniques - the Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy and Omega-Braun TG, is safer. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Given the significant complications associated with this procedure such as biliary reflux, marginal ulceration, and afferent loop syndrome, a revision into a Roux-en-Y anatomy is generally recommended. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Several of the complications and symptoms in Wyburn-Mason syndrome are presumably the result of hemodynamic stress. (eye-pix.com)
  • Several procedures have been described, but the two predominant operations are Billroth I gastroduodenostomy and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy. (medscape.com)
  • Afferent loop syndrome (ALS) is a rare complication of Billroth-II gastrojejunostomy (1). (isciii.es)
  • Gastrojejunostomy is a surgical procedure in which an anastomosis is created between the stomach and the proximal loop of the jejunum. (medscape.com)
  • afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In chronic afferent loop syndrome the obstruction is intermittent and produces a clinical syndrome. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Electrohydraulic lithotripsy of an impacted enterolith causing acute afferent loop syndrome. (isciii.es)
  • Acute afferent loop syndrome results from complete obstruction, usually occurs early after surgery and runs a devastatingly lethal course unless promptly treated by reoperation. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Also describes blood or lymph vessels in which flow is towards some point of reference, e.g. afferent arterioles to the glomeruli of the kidney. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Quantitative analysis of afferent arterioles was performed as previously described [16]. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other mechanisms of Amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity suggested in the literature are direct toxic effects to the afferent arterioles and tubules and direct renal and systemic vasoconstriction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 27) has measured renal arteriolar diameter using a vascular cast technique and have found that the afferent arterioles were constricted while the efferent arterioles were dilated in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Corelease of neuropeptides from capsaicin-sensitive afferents dilates submucosal arterioles in guinea pig ileum. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Afferent loop syndrome is a mechanical bowel obstruction (internal hernia, volvulus, stricturing, etc) that results in an effective biliary outlet obstruction. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • On 13-07-2016, following stomach pain and vomiting, another CECT Scan of the whole abdomen was done which showed Midline Supraumbilical Hernia with herniation of distal ileal loop with obstruction. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • The blockage in efferent loop syndrome can happen because of a hernia within the small intestine, which becomes trapped and blocked. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Depending on how severe the efferent loop syndrome has become, the surgery may have to repair lesions, fix a hernia, close any anatomical defects, repair the intestine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Describes nerves that carry impulses towards the central nervous system, or to relay stations outside it, from neural receptors (e.g. sensory nerves from the skin, those conveying proprioceptive information from muscles and joints or visceral afferents from internal organs). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • n.pl See nerves, afferent, in pulp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Afferent nerves receive sensory input. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The afferent nerves of the peripheral nervous system send impulses to the central nervous system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The afferent nerve fibers that constitute the afferent nerves are subdivided into groups corresponding to the particular sensory systems-for example, the visual, auditory, or olfactory system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • While some of the afferent nerves consist of fibers from different receptors (for example, cutaneous and muscular), most nerves consist of fibers of a single sensory type. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Korean investigators have suggested that placement of partially covered self-expandable dual stents may be effective in patients who develop afferent loop syndrome following different types of surgical procedures. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, there have been few reports on the placement of metal stents into the afferent loop. (e-ce.org)
  • To identify patients with afferent loop syndrome for this study, the registration system for national insurance reimbursement claims, discharge summaries, and the prospectively maintained database of the placement of gastrointestinal stents at Sendai City Medical Center between 2009 and 2016 were searched. (e-ce.org)
  • In 1885, when Billroth encountered a large pyloric tumor during laparotomy, instead of a gastroduodenostomy, he anastomosed a loop of jejunum to the stomach proximal to the growth because the patient was not fit for primary resection (as a consequence of malnourishment secondary to gastric outlet obstruction ). (medscape.com)
  • We can voluntarily control the vagal afferent impulses from stretch receptors and thus are able to influence these important centres, which determine the internal environment and out response the external environment The subjects in the yoga asana group showed significant improvement of PGWB scores. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The diagnosis of afferent loop syndrome was confirmed, and the patients were successfully treated by inserting an endoscopic metal stent using a colonoscopic endoscope . (bvsalud.org)
  • Among patients with afferent loop syndrome whose data were extracted from databases, 5 patients in whom metal stent placement was attempted were included and evaluated in this study. (e-ce.org)
  • At our institution, we have treated patients with malignant afferent loop obstruction using metal stent placement, and we report the results herein. (e-ce.org)
  • Upper digestive endoscopy revealed a punctiform anastomotic stricture of the afferent loop. (isciii.es)
  • Endoscopy of the pouch including 50 cm of the afferent loop was easily done with no signs of ischemia or obvious twisting. (hindawi.com)
  • To avoid this complication, the technique of the Roux-en-Y anastomosis was introduced by Wolfer in 1883 and later popularized by Cesar Roux of Lausanne in 1887. (medscape.com)
  • Interestingly, based on their retrospective study of 19 patients with postgastrectomy syndromes of whom 3 had ALS, Borrelli et al reported that a significant proportion of patients required minor surgical intervention. (medscape.com)
  • Postgastrectomy Syndromes. (annals.org)
  • Restoration of the duodenal transit in surgical treatment of the postgastrectomy syndrome. (minervamedica.it)
  • Between 5-50% of patients undergoing gastric resection still devolop postgastrectomy syndrome in spite of the development of surgical techniques and an improved knowledge of gastrointestinal physiopathology: unfortunately, 2-5% of these patients require surgery. (minervamedica.it)
  • Rouy-en-Y is able to produce better results in postgastrectomy syndromes with alkaline gastritis and/or esophagitis sustained by biliary reflux, gastric atonia and afferent loop syndromes. (minervamedica.it)
  • A loop of the distal ileum was also found to be twisted behind the mesentery of the afferent loop of the pouch as a remaining part of the volvulus (Figure 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • A malabsorption syndrome resulting from extensive operative resection of the SMALL INTESTINE, the absorptive region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. (umassmed.edu)
  • Abstract Objective: We investigated the possible association of metabolic syndrome with arterial stiffness and coronary atherosclerosis in nondiabetic postmenopausal women. (biomedsearch.com)
  • After reduction of the distal ileum a pouchopexy was made with one row of multiple interrupted nonabsorbable monofilament sutures (Prolene) to the presacral fascia as well as closure of the open space behind the mesentery of the afferent loop in the same manner. (hindawi.com)
  • What we see is a dilated loop of small bowel trekking transversely across the abdomen. (buckeyesurgeon.com)
  • The X-ray showed mildly distended small bowel loops, following which he was given medicines for 3 days. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • During the early phase of the dumping syndrome, the hyperosmolar small-bowel contents draw water into the lumen, stimulate bowel motility, and release vasoactive agents, such as serotonin, bradykinin, neurotensin, substance P, and vasoactive intestinal peptide from the bowel wall. (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • When Billroth attempted the same procedure, his patient succumbed to symptoms and postmortem findings of what is today known as afferent loop syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • What are the symptoms of efferent loop syndrome after gastric surgery? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you have any symptoms of efferent loop syndrome any time after your weight-loss surgery. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Although many people with 5q- syndrome have no symptoms related to anemia, especially in the early stages of the condition, some affected individuals develop extreme tiredness (fatigue), weakness, and an abnormally pale appearance (pallor) as the condition worsens. (malacards.org)
  • Macrocytic Anemia, Refractory, Due to 5q Deletion, Somatic, also known as 5q- syndrome , is related to deletion 5q35 and myelodysplastic syndrome , and has symptoms including myelodysplasia , abnormality of cells of the megakaryocyte lineage and refractory macrocytic anemia . (malacards.org)
  • The word "Syndrome" comes from the Greek word sundrom, which means concurrence of symptoms, or from word sundromos, which means running together :(sun-, syn- + dromos, a running). (medindia.net)
  • The typical symptoms and signs in the setting of gastric surgery usually are sufficient to make the diagnosis of dumping syndrome. (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • Efferent loop syndrome is one of two "loop syndromes" that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Efferent loop syndrome is quite rare. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • What causes efferent loop syndrome after gastric surgery? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • When efferent loop syndrome happens, it is often within the first few weeks after surgery. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • How is efferent loop syndrome diagnosed? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If your healthcare provider suspects that you have efferent loop syndrome as a result of a gastric bypass procedure, he or she may perform a physical exam, upper gastrointestinal X-ray, or a CT scan to look for the blockage. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • How is efferent loop syndrome treated? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Surgery is needed to correct efferent loop syndrome and restore the intestines to healthy working order. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Surgery is needed to correct efferent loop syndrome. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Patients with afferent loop syndrome after pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy frequently cannot be confirmed as surgical candidates due to poor medical condition. (bvsalud.org)
  • Please understand that we are contacting you primarily for non surgical treatment of afferent loop syndrome and not for cancer treatment. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • For patients in whom this syndrome is due to malignant obstruction, such surgical treatments are extremely challenging if the malignancy is in the most advanced stage. (e-ce.org)
  • Afferent loop syndrome in patients who have undergone a pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy can present with ascending cholangitis . (bvsalud.org)
  • To our knowledge, there are two cases in which electrohydraulic lithotripsy was used to fragment a large enterolith in the afferent loop (1,3). (isciii.es)
  • Enterolith causing afferent loop obstruction: a case report and literature review. (isciii.es)
  • Endoscopic removal of an enterolith causing afferent loop syndrome using electrohydraulic lithotripsy. (isciii.es)
  • Afferent loop syndrome caused by an impacted enterolith is very rare, and endoscopic removal of the enterolith may be difficult if a stricture is present or the normal anatomy has. (koreamed.org)
  • Compression of proprioceptive afferents results in the perception of numbness. (drvanonline.com)
  • The dumping syndrome develops as a result of the loss of pyloric regulation of gastric emptying. (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • How is Afferent Branchial Vein abbreviated? (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The appearance of the arteriovenous malformations in Wyburn-Mason syndrome may vary from a localized abnormality between an artery and a vein, to marked dilation and tortuosity of the retinal vessels. (eye-pix.com)
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which consists of a gastrin-secreting islet cell tumour (gastrinoma) leading to marked hypergastrinemia, is a rare cause of recurrent peptic ulceration. (enetmd.com)
  • Afferent Loop Syndrome" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (sickkids.ca)
  • This condition is related to a large volume of reflux through the biliary-enteric anastomosis and static materials with bacterial overgrowth in the afferent loop. (bvsalud.org)
  • Causes of afferent loop obstruction include adhesions, internal hernias, intestinal strictures or malignancy (2). (isciii.es)
  • Pain afferents (nociceptors) have small (the smallest) diameter neuron fibers. (drvanonline.com)
  • Mechanoreceptor afferents (proprioceptors) have large diameter (the largest) neuron fibers. (drvanonline.com)
  • 25 5q minus (5q-) syndrome is a type of bone marrow disorder called myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). (malacards.org)
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that can cause many health problems. (cedars-sinai.org)
  • Abilify can also serve as an adjunctive treatment for major depressive disorder, and Tourette syndrome (oral tablet or oral solution only). (faintpower.cf)
  • [ 8 ] Mix coined the term dumping syndrome and described its characteristics in 1922. (medscape.com)
  • It is indicated in patients affected by early or late Dumping syndrome, or multideficiency syndromes that do not respond to pharmacological therapy. (minervamedica.it)
  • a pyloroplasty alone can lead to the dumping syndrome. (pocketdrugguide.com)