Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
A non-imidazole blocker of those histamine receptors that mediate gastric secretion (H2 receptors). It is used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
Gastric analysis for determination of free acid or total acid.
A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H2 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine. Their clinically most important action is the inhibition of acid secretion in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers. Smooth muscle may also be affected. Some drugs in this class have strong effects in the central nervous system, but these actions are not well understood.
The R-isomer of lansoprazole.
A 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxypyridyl derivative of timoprazole that is used in the therapy of STOMACH ULCERS and ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. The drug inhibits H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE which is found in GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Lansoprazole is a racemic mixture of (R)- and (S)-isomers.
INFLAMMATION of the ESOPHAGUS that is caused by the reflux of GASTRIC JUICE with contents of the STOMACH and DUODENUM.
INFLAMMATION, acute or chronic, of the ESOPHAGUS caused by BACTERIA, chemicals, or TRAUMA.
Compounds that contain benzimidazole joined to a 2-methylpyridine via a sulfoxide linkage. Several of the compounds in this class are ANTI-ULCER AGENTS that act by inhibiting the POTASSIUM HYDROGEN ATPASE found in the PROTON PUMP of GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.
A complex of gadolinium with a chelating agent, diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA see PENTETIC ACID), that is given to enhance the image in cranial and spinal MRIs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
A cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of many drugs and environmental chemicals, such as DEBRISOQUINE; ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS; and TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS. This enzyme is deficient in up to 10 percent of the Caucasian population.
A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wheatgrass is also used for other plants in the family.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
Analysis of the HYDROGEN ION CONCENTRATION in the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS. It is used to record the pattern, frequency, and duration of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.
A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.
Compounds that inhibit H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE. They are used as ANTI-ULCER AGENTS and sometimes in place of HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS for GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.
Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.
Mobilization of the lower end of the esophagus and plication of the fundus of the stomach around it (fundic wrapping) in the treatment of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX that may be associated with various disorders, such as hiatal hernia. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Chemicals that, while not possessing inherent pesticidal activity, nonetheless promote or enhance the effectiveness of other pesticides when combined.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of TRYPTOPHAN to 5-HYDROXYTRYPTOPHAN in the presence of NADPH and molecular oxygen. It is important in the biosynthesis of SEROTONIN.
A natural product that has been considered as a growth factor for some insects.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
(GTP cyclohydrolase I) or GTP 7,8-8,9-dihydrolase (pyrophosphate-forming) (GTP cyclohydrolase II). An enzyme group that hydrolyzes the imidazole ring of GTP, releasing carbon-8 as formate. Two C-N bonds are hydrolyzed and the pentase unit is isomerized. This is the first step in the synthesis of folic acid from GTP. EC 3.5.4.16 (GTP cyclohydrolase I) and EC 3.5.4.25 (GTP cyclohydrolase II).
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
The individuals employed by the hospital.
Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research into the nature of the aging process and diseases associated with the later stages of life. The Institute was established in 1974.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
A 4-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyridyl, 5-methoxybenzimidazole derivative of timoprazole that is used in the therapy of STOMACH ULCERS and ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. The drug inhibits an H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE which is found in GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.
Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
STOMACH herniation located at or near the diaphragmatic opening for the ESOPHAGUS, the esophageal hiatus.
A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
The act of dilating.
Drugs used in the treatment of movement disorders. Most of these act centrally on dopaminergic or cholinergic systems. Among the most important clinically are those used for the treatment of Parkinson disease (ANTIPARKINSON AGENTS) and those for the tardive dyskinesias.
The physiologic or functional barrier to GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX at the esophagogastric junction. Sphincteric muscles remain tonically contracted during the resting state and form the high-pressure zone separating the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS from that of the STOMACH. (Haubrich et al, Bockus Gastroenterology, 5th ed., pp399, 415)
The area covering the terminal portion of ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of STOMACH at the cardiac orifice.
"The potential therapeutic effect of melatonin in Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease". BMC Gastroenterology. 10: 7. doi:10.1186/ ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease[edit]. A 2011 review said melatonin is effective in relieving epigastric pain and heartburn.[ ... An antiinflammatory effect seems to be the most relevant. There have been few trials designed to judge the effectiveness of ... Chaturvedi CM (1984). "Effect of Melatonin on the Adrenl and Gonad of the Common Mynah Acridtheres tristis". Australian Journal ...
The effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on laryngopharyngeal sensitivity. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012 Sep;91(9):370-382 ... Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and cough have impaired laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity Thorax 2005; 60: ... The effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on laryngopharyngeal sensitivity. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012 Sep;91(9):370-382 ... Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and cough have impaired laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity Thorax 2005; 60: ...
The main conditions affecting the esophagus are described here. For a more complete list, see esophageal disease. Inflammation ... Two of the most common congenital malformations affecting the esophagus are an esophageal atresia where the esophagus ends in a ... In its early stages, esophageal cancer may not have any symptoms at all. When severe, esophageal cancer may eventually cause ... Opening of the upper esophageal sphincter is triggered by the swallowing reflex. The primary muscle of the upper esophageal ...
... fungi and as a side effect of some medications. Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common ... There are a number of esophageal diseases such as the development of Schatzki rings that can restrict the passageway, causing ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract, but it mostly ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ...
If gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is present, the patient may have repetitive episodes of acid aspiration. GERD may be ... Asthma affects four to eight out of a hundred pregnant women. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy, there is an ... Lloyd, Stacey (2006-11-08). "Why Cold Air Causes Breathing Difficulty in Lung Disease Patients". About: Lung Diseases. Archived ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1 in 11 children and 1 in 12 adults have asthma in the United ...
... celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and esophageal cancer ... studies and have often been contradicted by other studies that show either the opposite or no effect on the cited disease. ... Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, coronary artery disease, periodontitis, Parkinson's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, ... The incidence of acid reflux disease, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal cancer have been rising dramatically at the same time ...
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease) affects the voice prosthesis and its lifetime. The cause of the prothesis' life time end is ... The flange near the food pipe (esophageal flange) is more rigid than the tracheal flange, near the windpipe. The one-way valve ... A voice prosthesis has a one-way valve near the esophageal flange that enables pulmonary air to pass into the esophagus and ... Schwandt, LQ; van WR; Van der Mei HC; Busscher HJ; Albers FW (2005). "Effect of dairy products on the lifetime of Provox2 voice ...
... can treat underlying acid reflux disease. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects approximately 40% of adults. ... Esophageal cancer Esophageal diseases Esophageal spasm Helicobacter pylori Shaker, Reza; Belafsky, Peter C.; Postma, Gregory N ... www.pdrhealth.com/disease/disease-mono.aspx?contentFileName=ND7417G.xml&contentName=Esophageal+Stricture&contentId=506&TypeId=2 ... It can be caused by or associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophagitis, a dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter ...
Chagas disease (an infectious disease common in South America) or Triple-A syndrome. Achalasia affects about one person in ... may occur in Hirschsprung's disease. Esophageal achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder involving the smooth muscle layer ... 2005). "Laparoscopic esophageal myotomy for achalasia: factors affecting functional results". Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 80 (4 ... The robotic lateral esophageal myotomy preserves the esophageal valve and does not result in reflux, thereby obviating the need ...
... may also occur in the larynx, possibly in association with gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Oropharyngeal ... Although the synergistic effect of alcohol with smoking in the development of oral cancer is beyond doubt, there is no clear ... The relationship with esophageal cancer is unclear because the incidence of esophageal leukoplakia is so low. It usually ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6. Arduino PG, Bagan J, El- ...
... of all esophageal infections, often coexisting with other esophageal diseases. About two-thirds of people with AIDS and ... Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida (a type of yeast).[4] When it affects the mouth, in some countries ... "Fungal Diseases. United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 24 Dec 2019.. ... "Fungal Diseases. United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 24 Dec 2019.. ...
Oesophageal diseases include a spectrum of disorders affecting the oesophagus. The most common condition of the oesophagus in ... Diseases that affect the large intestine may affect it in whole or in part. Appendicitis is one such disease, caused by ... Chronic diseases might include congenital diseases such as Zenker's diverticulum and esophageal webbing, and oesophageal ... Gastric diseases refer to diseases affecting the stomach. Inflammation of the stomach by infection from any cause is called ...
The following are additional diseases and conditions that affect the esophagus: Achalasia Acute esophageal necrosis Barrett's ... esophagus Chagas disease Diffuse esophageal spasm Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula Esophageal cancer Esophageal ... Esophageal diseases can derive from congenital conditions, or they can be acquired later in life. Many people experience a ... dysphagia Esophageal varices Esophageal web Esophagitis GERD Hiatus hernia Jackhammer esophagus (hypercontractile peristalsis) ...
While the disease has been reported as occurring at any time during life, it most frequently affects individuals in their 50s ... Primary esophageal disease or epiphenomena?". Surgical endoscopy. 14 (7): 681. doi:10.1007/s004640000139. PMID 11265072. Levine ... The condition is associated with alcohol abuse, diabetes mellitus, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Esophageal intramucosal ... It typically affects individuals in their sixth and seventh decades of life. While it is associated with certain chronic ...
The main conditions affecting the esophagus are described here. For a more complete list, see esophageal disease. ... Two of the most common congenital malformations affecting the esophagus are an esophageal atresia where the oesophagus ends in ... Main article: Esophageal varices. Esophageal varices are swollen twisted branches of the azygous vein in the lower third of the ... Gastro-esophageal junction[edit]. The gastro-esophageal junction (also known as the esophagogastric junction) is the junction ...
Esophageal cancer usually affects the elderly. Esophageal cancers can be either squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma. ... the lower esophageal sphincter cannot close and this can lead to severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Patients ... Esophageal rings and webs, are actual rings and webs of tissue that may occlude the esophageal lumen. Rings --- Also known as ... Esophageal dysphagia is a form of dysphagia where the underlying cause arises from the body of the esophagus, lower esophageal ...
Systemic disease can affect the upper GI tract such as Dysphagia, Dysmotility, Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GORD) and Peptic ... Crohn's Disease is a patchy disease which can affect any area of the GI tract from the oral cavity to the anus. The ... Teeth, if affected, are of the appearance of dentinogenesis imperfecta. Osteoporosis is a very common disease associated with a ... BARTLETT, D.W.; EVANS, D.F.; SMITH, B.G.N. (May 1996). "The relationship between gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and dental ...
NAFLD affects about 30% of people in Western countries and 10% of people in Asia. NAFLD affects about 10% of children in the ... Complications may include cirrhosis, liver cancer, and esophageal varices. There are two types of fatty liver disease: non- ... Liver disease with extensive inflammation and a high degree of steatosis often progresses to more severe forms of the disease. ... "Fatty Liver Disease in Birds". Animal House of Chicago. Retrieved 29 December 2020. "Fatty Liver Disease in Lizards". Wag!. ...
Paget's disease: 40 mg daily for 6 months. The risk of esophageal irritation places special requirements on how this oral drug ... Although this side effect is uncommon, it occurs primarily in patients being administered intravenous bisphosphonates, with ... Esophageal cancer, a meta-analysis concluded that bisphosphonate treatment is not significantly associated with excess risk of ... Sun K, Liu JM, Sun HX, Lu N, Ning G (October 2012). "Bisphosphonate treatment and risk of esophageal cancer: a meta-analysis of ...
... food from the stomach to the small intestine Vomiting Internal Bleeding Esophageal spasm/pain Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease ( ... Another side effect is insomnia. After this surgery many people can only sleep when they take melatonin or sleeping medications ...
... is indicated in more severe cases of esophageal disease, and surgical removal of the affected part of the organ may be required ... Chagas disease is classified as a neglected tropical disease. Chagas disease occurs in two stages: an acute stage, which ... Centers for Disease Control Chagas information from the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative Chagas disease information for ... Chronic disease is diagnosed by finding antibodies for T. cruzi in the blood. It affects more than 150 types of animals. ...
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), also known as aspirin-induced asthma, affects up to 9% of asthmatics. AERD ... A number of other health conditions occur more frequently in people with asthma, including gastro-esophageal reflux disease ( ... If one identical twin is affected, the probability of the other having the disease is approximately 25%. By the end of 2005, 25 ... 235-330 million people worldwide are affected by asthma, and approximately 250,000-345,000 people die per year from the disease ...
ATA IgA are more frequently found in Celiac Disease (CD); however, ATA IgG are found in CD and at higher levels when affected ... The antiendomysial antibody test is a histological assay for patient serum binding to esophageal tissue from primate. EmA are ... including celiac disease, juvenile diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and various forms of arthritis. In celiac disease, ATA ... In disease, transglutaminase reacts with gliadin forming a linkage. In forming this bond transglutaminase becomes linked to T- ...
Parkinson's disease can cause "multiple prepharyngeal, pharyngeal, and esophageal abnormalities". The severity of the disease ... See Zenker's diverticulum) Dysphagia is often a side effect of surgical procedures like anterior cervical spine surgery, ... Increased upper esophageal sphincter tone can be due to Parkinson's disease which leads to incomplete opening of the UES. This ... Neurologic disorders such as stroke, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Bell's palsy, or myasthenia gravis can ...
... Other names. British: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD);[1] gastric reflux disease, ... Gallstones, which can impede the flow of bile into the duodenum, which can affect the ability to neutralize gastric acid[ ... supra-oesophageal manifestations of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and the role of night-time gastro-oesophageal reflux". ... Gastroscopy, upper GI series, esophageal pH monitoring, esophageal manometry[5]. Differential diagnosis. Peptic ulcer disease, ...
However, the overall prognosis for the disease is poor. There are reported instances of remission of the disease when treated ... Papular mucinosis affects adults of both sexes equally and appears between ages 30 and 80. Recently, it has been reported in ... Proximal myopathy, inflammatory polyarthritis, central nervous system symptoms, esophageal aperistalsis, and hoarseness are ... If viscera is involved, the disease will be fatal. The dermatoneuro syndrome is a rare neurological complication of the disease ...
... hemorrhagic blood diseases, such as thrombocytopenia and hemophilia, gastritis, Stomach cancer, esophageal varices, Meckel's ... Causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding that may result in melena include malignant tumors affecting the esophagus, stomach ... The most common cause of melena is peptic ulcer disease. However, any bleeding within the upper gastrointestinal tract or the ... and a past history of peptic ulcer disease. Talley, Nicholas; O'Connor, Simon (2014). Clinical Examination: A Systematic Guide ...
In his Kitab al-Taysir, he wrote the following: There are lice under the hand, ankle and foot like worms, and sores affecting ... The book is a summary of various different diseases, therapeutics and general hygiene. It is also noted for its advice ... Ibn Zuhr provided an accurate description of the esophageal, stomach and mediastinal cancers, as well as other lesions. He ... He also improved surgical and medical knowledge by keying out several diseases and their treatments. Ibn Zuhr performed the ...
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease during pregnancy-First-line drug therapy combined with lifestyle and diet modification. Stress ... effect on stricture formation in experimental corrosive burns and can be used in the treatment of corrosive esophageal burns to ... The use for sucralfate in peptic ulcer disease has diminished recently, but it is still the preferred agent for stress ulcer ... The most common side effect seen is constipation (2-3%). Less commonly reported side effects (. < 4) reacts with hydrochloric ...
In 1998, Blaser created the term acagia, to indicate a susceptibility for esophageal diseases in persons not carrying cagA+ H. ... affecting both intestinal micro-ecology and disease manifestations.[40][41] Missing Microbes[edit]. Blaser is the title author ... gastroesophageal reflux disease), Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma, work that has been confirmed by ... Blaser is best known[20] for his studies of Helicobacter pylori and its relationship with human diseases.[21][22] His work ...
Most often, affected individuals display one clear type or another, but sometimes there can be more than one clinical variant ... It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... Oral candidiasis occurs in about two thirds of people with concomitant AIDS and esophageal candidiasis. The incidence of all ... Some sources state that if there is bleeding when the pseudomembrane is removed, then the mucosa has likely been affected by an ...
The diseases and parasites that affect octopuses have been little studied, but cephalopods are known to be the intermediate or ... Food is broken down and is forced into the oesophagus by two lateral extensions of the esophageal side walls in addition to the ... Coccidians in the genus Aggregata living in the gut cause severe disease to the host. Octopuses have an innate immune system, ... Editing is concentrated in the nervous system and affects proteins involved in neural excitability and neuronal morphology. ...
Yeh Y, Lee Y, Hsieh H, Hwang D (2008). "Effect of taurine on toxicity of vitamin a in rats". Food Chemistry. 106: 260-8. doi: ... Possible pregnancy, liver disease, high alcohol consumption, and smoking are indications for close monitoring and limitation of ... Tholen W, Paquet KJ, Rohner HG, Albrecht M (August 1980). "[Cirrhosis of the liver and esophageal bleeding after chronic ... Yeh YH, Lee YT, Hsieh YL (May 2012). "Effect of cholestin on toxicity of vitamin A in rats". Food Chemistry. 132 (1): 311-8. ...
Diseases treated[edit]. *Thymoma and Thymic carcinoma: These tumors which arise from the thymus gland in the upper part of the ... Mesothelioma: A benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) tumor affecting the lining of the chest or abdomen. Exposure to ... esophageal, and thymic cancers.[1] ... Treatment options for such advanced diseases are limited to ... The goal of surgical cytoreduction is to remove all gross disease including tumors that are in resectable areas of the lung or ...
Esophageal squamous cell cancer. Over-expression. 47%. Immunohistochemistry. [24]. Renal cell carcinoma. Under-expression. 100% ... Table 2. Altered expression of microRNAs that affect RAD51 expression in sporadic cancers. MicroRNA. miRNA Over/Under ... news from an old disease". Veterinary Pathology. 48 (1): 98-116. doi:10.1177/0300985810390826. PMID 21149845.. ... "Elevated expression of Rad51 is correlated with decreased survival in resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma". J Surg ...
Other uncommon causes are Trousseau disease,[medical citation needed] Beurger's disease (Thromboangiitis obliterans),[medical ... Instead, they simply improve blood flow to the affected area.[6] Catheter-based intervention is also an option. Atherectomy, ... Atherosclerosis affects up to 10% of the Western population older than 65 years and for intermittent claudication this number ... Medicines that control lipid profile, diabetes, and hypertension may increase blood flow to the affected muscles and allow for ...
... or Alzheimer's disease,[78] but the compounds found in green tea have not been conclusively demonstrated to have any effect on ... "Some tea and wine may cause cancer - tannin, found in tea and red wine, linked to esophageal cancer", Nutrition Health Review, ... It has been suggested that green and black tea may protect against cancer[76] or other diseases such as obesity[77] ... 2010). "Oxidative stress and Alzheimer's disease: dietary polyphenols as potential therapeutic agents". Expert Rev Neurother. ...
Such injury could be the result of infection, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or other diseases.[1][4] ... He M, Yang Y, Bian L, Cui H (September 1999). "[Effect of exogenous lactase on the absorption of lactose and its intolerance ... Esophageal motility disorder *Nutcracker esophagus. *Achalasia. *Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction. *Diffuse ... Irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, milk allergy[1]. Treatment. Decreasing lactose in the ...
Since they do not directly affect the circle of Willis, they are not dealt with here. ... Correlation with cerebral collaterals in internal carotid artery occlusive disease". J Neurol. 253 (10): 1285-1291. doi:10.1007 ...
Tourette syndrome and tics can also affect speech. Various congenital and acquired tongue diseases can affect speech as can ... esophageal speech, pharyngeal speech and buccal speech (better known as Donald Duck talk). ... There are several organic and psychological factors that can affect speech. Among these are: *Diseases and disorders of the ... Diseases and disorders of the brain, including alogia, aphasias, dysarthria, dystonia and speech processing disorders, where ...
... is affected; with one theory identifying glomerular ischemia as the main contributor to HN and the other identifying glomerular ... Hypertensive kidney disease. Other names. Hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HN or HNS), hypertensive kidney disease, hypertensive ... "Epidemiology of Hypertensive Kidney Disease".. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link). *^ Rowe, D J; Bagga, H; Betts, P B ( ... Hypertensive kidney disease is a medical condition referring to damage to the kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. It ...
Esophageal motility disorder *Nutcracker esophagus. *Achalasia. *Diffuse esophageal spasm. *Gastroesophageal reflux disease ( ... Among those affected, about 25% die.[1] The sexes are affected equally frequently.[4] The condition was first described in ... Bell's stage 1 (suspected disease): *Mild systemic disease (apnea, lethargy,[7] slowed heart rate, temperature instability) ... Where the disease is not halted through medical treatment alone, or when the bowel perforates, immediate emergency surgery to ...
... the disease eventually spreads to unaffected regions and the affected regions become more affected. Most people eventually are ... which is uncomfortable and can cause esophageal ulcers.[14] The feeding tube is usually inserted by percutaneous endoscopic ... Disease Primers. 3 (17071): 17071. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2017.71. PMID 28980624.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v van ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease ...
This was the first time this abnormal disease affecting cartilage and connective tissue was observed and analysed. His ... esophageal, melanoma, and head and neck) are indeed strongly associated with long-term inflammation.[44][45] In addition it ... Anti-germ theory of diseasesEdit. Virchow did not believe in the germ theory of diseases, as advocated by Louis Pasteur and ... Virchow's disease, leontiasis ossea, now recognized as a symptom rather than a disease ...
Their theories are still accepted as explaining the SERS effect. Jeanmaire and Van Duyne[7] proposed an electromagnetic effect ... "Label-free detection of blood plasma using silver nanoparticle based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy for esophageal cancer ... http://www.kurzweilai.net/single-molecule-detection-of-contaminants-explosives-or-diseases-now-possible ... The SERS effect is so pronounced because the field enhancement occurs twice. First, the field enhancement magnifies the ...
... fungi and as a side effect of some medications. Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common ... There are a number of esophageal diseases such as the development of Schatzki rings that can restrict the passageway, causing ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract,[45] but it ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ...
... so has no effect on the extrapyramidal symptoms of the disease.[18] In addition to this, domperidone may enhance the ... Bron B, Massih L (1980). "Domperidone: A drug with powerful action on the lower esophageal sphincter pressure". Digestion. 20 ( ... Parkinson's disease[edit]. Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurological condition where a decrease in dopamine in the brain ... Cardiac disease. Side effects[edit]. Side effects associated with domperidone include dry mouth, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, ...
Cardiovascular disease[edit]. Evidence suggests that dietary vitamin D may be carried by lipoprotein particles into cells of ... All of these affect gene transcription and overwhelm the vitamin D signal transduction process, leading to vitamin D toxicity.[ ... In a Chinese population at particular risk for esophageal cancer and with the high serum 25(OH)D concentrations have a ... Vitamin D oral supplementation and skin synthesis have a different effect on the transport form of vitamin D, plasma ...
Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often.[44] Obesity ... There is currently no evidence that CP affects fertility, although some of the secondary symptoms have been shown to affect ... An infant with CP may not be able to suck, swallow or chew.[27] Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in children with CP.[16] ... Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, ...
The risks of developing a life-threatening disease affecting the heart or brain increase as the blood flow increases. Commonly ... The kidneys will be affected, resulting in blood and/or protein in the urine, and acute kidney failure. ... Affected arteries develop endothelial dysfunction and impairment of normal vasodilation, which alter renal autoregulation. When ... Acute end-organ damage may occur, affecting the neurological, cardiovascular, renal, or other organ systems. Some examples of ...
Fejerskov, O.; Kidd, E. (2007). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1- ... also plays an important physiological role in the maintenance of oro-esophageal and gastric tissue integrity. The biological ... by norepinephrine initially decreases blood flow to the salivary glands due to constriction of blood vessels but this effect is ... "Salivary Gland Disease and Tumors , Cedars-Sinai". Cedars-Sinai. Retrieved 28 April 2018.. ...
... may be a factor for heartburn in some people because one of its constituents, theobromine, may affect the esophageal ... and cocoa are under preliminary research to determine if consumption affects the risk of certain cardiovascular diseases[90] or ... As of 2017[update], there is no high-quality evidence that dark chocolate affects blood pressure significantly or provides ... Katz DL, Doughty K, Ali A. Cocoa and chocolate in human health and disease. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011;15(10):2779-2811. doi: ...
High blood pressure, valvular heart disease, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, COPD, obesity, ... The African descent is associated with a protective effect of AF, due to the low presence of SNPs with guanine alleles, in ... atrio-esophageal fistula), or even death.[76][117] ... Other diseases[edit]. There is a relationship between risk ... coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and congenital heart disease.[5] In the developing world, valvular heart disease often ...
Many other diseases of the kidney are associated with liver disease and must be excluded before making a diagnosis of ... Picture of the esophagus at the time of endoscopy showing prominent esophageal varices. Bleeding from esophageal varices can be ... Hepatorenal syndrome usually affects individuals with cirrhosis and elevated pressures in the portal vein system (termed portal ... Sherlock S, Dooley J (2002). "Chapter 9". Diseases of the liver and biliary system. edition 11. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-632 ...
Other causes of bloating include inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel ... Depending on the undigested component, this may affect the odor and the volume of gas created.[citation needed] Excess dietary ... celiac disease, severe peptic ulcer disease, bowel obstruction or after certain types of abdominal surgery. ... Whipple's disease. Diagnosis[edit]. The first step in diagnosis is to determine the etiology of abdominal distention. After ...
He was interviewed by Ali G for comedic effect. Koop was well known for his mustache-less beard and colorful bow ties. During ... In April 1982, a child born in Bloomington, Indiana, was diagnosed with Down syndrome as well as esophageal atresia with ... Walter obtained a list of articles from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), authored mostly by CDC abortion- ... "The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cardiovascular Disease (1983)". Profiles.nlm.nih.gov. 1983. Retrieved October 17, 2011.. ...
The term is sometimes also applied to physiological states outside the context of disease, as for example when referring to " ... Negative symptoms are functions that are normally found in healthy persons, but that are diminished or not present in affected ... Some symptoms occur in a wide range of disease processes, whereas other symptoms are fairly specific for a narrow range of ... Constitutional or general symptoms are those related to the systemic effects of a disease (e.g., fever, malaise, anorexia, and ...
It has many different causes including endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors. It also can be a side effect of many ... Other well known causes include diseases of the kidney. This includes diseases such as polycystic kidney disease which is a ... Chronic kidney disease. *Kidney disease / renal artery stenosis - the normal physiological response to low blood pressure in ... Another cause is an exceptionally rare neurological disease called Binswanger's disease, causing dementia; it is a rare form of ...
"Topical cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene replacement for cystic fibrosis-related lung disease 11 (11): ... Lieberman J (July 1968). "Dornase aerosol effect on sputum viscosity in cases of cystic fibrosis". JAMA 205 (5): 312-3. . PMID ... "New insights on gastro-esophageal reflux in cystic fibrosis by longitudinal follow up". Arch. Dis. Child. 66 (11): 1339-45. . ... 48.0 48.1 Saiman L (2004). "Microbiology of early CF lung disease". Paediatric Respiratory Reviews 5 (Suppl A): S367-69. . PMID ...
esophageal arteries to the thoracic part of the esophagus. Third to eleventh Posterior intercostal arteries, and the Subcostal ... This Windkessel effect of the great elastic arteries has important biomechanical implications. The elastic recoil helps ... The stiffness of the aorta is associated with a number of diseases and pathologies, and noninvasive measures of the pulse wave ... Aortic aneurysm - mycotic, bacterial (e.g. syphilis), senile, genetic, associated with valvular heart disease ...
Effect of Monotherapy and Combination Therapy of Pantoprazole and Aprepitant in Gastric Esophageal Reflux Disease in Albino ... Esophageal tissues were further subjected to estimations of TBARS, GSH, catalase, and SOD. Treatment with pantoprazole and ... The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of pantoprazole and aprepitant on experimental esophagitis in albino ...
Aspirin as an Adjuvant Therapy, to Observe Its Effect on the Disease Free Survival Rate of Patients With Esophageal Squamous ...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) increase mortality in patients with cirrhosis. However, whether ... Esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) is a serious and common complication of cirrhosis. ... From: Effect of coexisting diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease on mortality of cirrhotic patients with esophageal ... CKD chronic kidney disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, DM diabetes mellitus, EVB esophageal variceal bleeding ...
Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Barretts Esophagus Device: Focal Cryoballoon Ablation System - 6 seconds Device: ... Evaluation of Effect of CryoBalloon Focal Ablation System on Human Esophageal Barretts Epithelium. The safety and scientific ... Evaluation of Effect of CryoBalloon Focal Ablation System on Human Esophageal Barretts Epithelium. ... Esophageal Stricture [ Time Frame: 6 to 8 Weeks ]. Stricture formation is defined as none, mild (non-circumferential stenosis ...
Blackmon provides her perspective on how COVID-19 has affected esophageal cancer treatment and what patients should know about ... How has coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affected esophageal cancer treatment?. Unfortunately, COVID-19 has severely ... These individuals may now be facing advanced disease.. We want to make sure patients with esophageal cancer have ready access ... Blackmon provides her perspective on how COVID-19 has affected esophageal cancer treatment and what patients should know about ...
Melatonin has a role in the improvement of Gastro-esophageal reflux disease when used alone or in combination with omeprazole. ... The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of exogenous melatonin in the treatment of reflux disease in humans either alone ... 36 persons were divided into 4 groups (control subjects, patients with reflux disease treated with melatonin alone, omeprazole ... which is a widely used antiulcer drug demonstrated to protect against esophageal mucosal injury. Melatonin has been found to ...
Esophageal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Gastroenteritis. Peptic Ulcer. Duodenal Diseases. ... Intestinal Diseases. Stomach Diseases. Ranitidine. Ranitidine bismuth citrate. Anti-Ulcer Agents. Gastrointestinal Agents. ... Effect of Single Doses of YF476 on Stomach Acidity Compared With Ranitidine and Placebo in Fasted and Fed States. The safety ... Impaired endocrine, thyroid, hepatic, respiratory or renal function, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease or history of ...
Esophageal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Gastroenteritis. Peptic Ulcer. Duodenal Diseases. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Drug: Dexlansoprazole Drug: Lansoprazole ... regurgitation in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Nov;38(10):1303-11. doi: 10.1111 ... Intestinal Diseases. Stomach Diseases. Lansoprazole. Dexlansoprazole. Anti-Ulcer Agents. Gastrointestinal Agents. Proton Pump ...
Esophageal Motility Disorders. Deglutition Disorders. Esophageal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases ... History of esophageal, gastric, or duodenal surgery, except for simple closure of an ulcer. ... This study looks at the effect on basal and pentagastrin-stimulated acid output of 40 mg Esomeprazole (Nexium) administered ... An Open, Randomized, Two Way Crossover Study Comparing the Effect of 20mg Esomeprazole Administered Orally and Intravenously as ...
Fass R, Naliboff B, Higa L, et al. Differential effect of long-term esophageal acid exposure on mechanosensitivity and ... It has been suggested that gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) may also impair LPS, although the underlying mechanism is ... Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and cough have impaired laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity ... Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and cough have impaired laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity ...
The main conditions affecting the esophagus are described here. For a more complete list, see esophageal disease. ... Two of the most common congenital malformations affecting the esophagus are an esophageal atresia where the oesophagus ends in ... Main article: Esophageal varices. Esophageal varices are swollen twisted branches of the azygous vein in the lower third of the ... Gastro-esophageal junction[edit]. The gastro-esophageal junction (also known as the esophagogastric junction) is the junction ...
... affects up to one-third of Americans. It costs the U.S. 10-billion dollars a year to treat, but some patients might not need ... Gastro-esophageal reflux disease or GERD affects up to one-third of Americans. It costs the U.S. 10-billion dollars a year to ...
PubMed journal article The effect of cisapride in maintaining symptomatic remission in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux ... The effect of cisapride in maintaining symptomatic remission in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Scand J ... The Effect of Cisapride in Maintaining Symptomatic Remission in Patients With Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease. Scand J ... The effect of cisapride in maintaining symptomatic remission in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.. Scand J ...
Effect of corticosteroid therapy in esophageal stricture of a child with chronic granulomatous disease ... In chronic granulomatous disease [CGD] patients, esophageal stricture is a rare complication and the treatment of choice is ... Humans , Male , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/drug therapy , Esophageal Stenosis/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , ... Effect of corticosteroid therapy in esophageal stricture of a child with chronic granuloma ...
This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children and young people (under 18s). It ... usually becomes less frequent with time (it resolves in 90% of affected infants before they are 1 year old) ... Gastro-oesophageal reflux, including Barretts oesophagus Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children and young people: ... Give advice about gastro‑oesophageal reflux (GOR) and reassure parents and carers that in well infants, effortless ...
Many people believe that numerous diseases are a natural reflection of the body aging... ... Symptoms and Causes of Diverticulitis Disease. 671 Words , 3 Pages Diverticulis Disease Overview Diverticular disease affects ... More about Diverticular Disease and Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease Essay. * Disease Analysis: Cerebrovascular Disease. 3312 ... Disease Analysis: Parkinsons Disease. 1665 Words , 7 Pages * Barrets Esophagus: Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease. 837 Words ...
This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children and young people (under 18s). It ... We found no new evidence that affects the recommendations in this guideline. ... NICE interactive flowchart - Dyspepsia and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease * Quality standard - Gastro-oesophageal reflux in ... Gastro-oesophageal reflux, including Barretts oesophagus Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children and young people: ...
"The potential therapeutic effect of melatonin in Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease". BMC Gastroenterology. 10: 7. doi:10.1186/ ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease[edit]. A 2011 review said melatonin is effective in relieving epigastric pain and heartburn.[ ... An antiinflammatory effect seems to be the most relevant. There have been few trials designed to judge the effectiveness of ... Chaturvedi CM (1984). "Effect of Melatonin on the Adrenl and Gonad of the Common Mynah Acridtheres tristis". Australian Journal ...
Time of day affects severity of autoimmune disease 12/12/2017 Immune System ... The Esophageal Disease Center is considered the only "high volume" center in the region, and multiple studies have confirmed ... The UC Cancer Institute Esophageal Disease Center doctors are the most experienced surgeons in the region performing this ... FDA approves first drug for Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis, a rare disease formerly known as the Churg-Strauss ...
Esophageal manometry is essential for correctly positioning the probe for the 24-hour pH monitoring. ... Esophageal manometry defines the function of the LES and the esophageal body (peristalsis). ... Effect of the diaphragmatic contraction on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in man. Gut. 1987 Dec. 28(12):1564-8. [Medline] ... Drugs & Diseases , Gastroenterology , Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Q&A What is the role of esophageal manometry in the ...
Effect of Baclofen on Emesis and 24-Hour Esophageal pH in Neurologically Impaired Children With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease ... Effect of Reflux and Esophagitis on Esophageal Volume and Acid Clearance in Piglets. Vicente, Yvone; da Rocha, Cecilia; Perez- ... The Risk of Celiac Disease in 107 Families With at Least Two Affected Siblings. Gudjónsdóttir, Audur H.; Nilsson, Staffan; Ek, ... The Incidence of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease in the Netherlands: 1999-2001. van der Zaag-Loonen, H. J.; Casparie, M.; ...
The effect of omeprazole (OME) 20mg and 10mg daily on heartburn in patients with endoscopy negative reflux disease (ENRD) ... erosive or non-erosive gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, sex, smoking habit, duration of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, ... Rolling review; gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1993; 7: 293-312. ... Symptomatic gastro-oesophageal disease can be managed successfully in half of patients with intermittent treatment with ...
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (acid reflux).. *Treating stomach and duodenal ulcers (peptic ulcers). ... Lansoprazole: uses, action, dosage, side effect and brand information. Lansoprazole reduces stomach acid and is prescribed for ...
Air pollution affects thyroid development in fetuses, USC research finds 09/06/2018 Environmental Health ... "We have a great team in place dedicated to the treatment of esophageal cancer and other esophageal diseases that includes ... The Esophageal Disease Center is hiring a full-time coordinator who will serve as a single point of contact for patients as ... The esophageal disease team sees patients every Wednesday afternoon in area C on the second floor of the Barrett Cancer Center ...
... is most often affected. This is in contrast to reflux disease with distal involvement [2]. Macroscopic findings are nonspecific ... Esophageal Lichen Planus: Understanding a Potentially Severe Stricturing Disease. Bharat Rao,1,2 Abhishek Gulati,1,2 Blair Jobe ... G. C. Harewood, J. A. Murray, and A. J. Cameron, "Esophageal lichen planus: the mayo clinic experience," Diseases of the ... Although some autoimmune diseases have been reported to be associated with LP [1], the reported coexisting diseases in ELP are ...
NHS: "Heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) - Causes.". U.S. National Library of Medicine: "The effects of ... Alcohols slow-down effect on your brain can make you drowsy, so you may doze off more easily. But you wont sleep well. Your ... If you drink heavily for a long time, booze can affect how your brain looks and works. Its cells start to change and even get ... The Steps to Liver Disease. Your liver breaks down almost all the alcohol you drink. In the process, it handles a lot of toxins ...
... gastroesophageal reflux disease) and heartburn symptoms. The procedure may be done with laparotomy, thoracotomy, or laparoscopy ... Esophageal achalasia is a disease of the esophagus that mainly affects young adults. Achalasia makes it difficult to swallow, ... Fundoplication is the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD causes inflammation, ... GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the ...
Learn the definition of achalasia and what you can do to treat the disease. ... Achalasia is a disease of the esophagus that mainly affects young adults. Achalasia makes it difficult to swallow, can cause ... Esophageal achalasia is a disease of the esophagus that mainly affects young adults. Achalasia makes it difficult to swallow, ... Related Disease Conditions. * Esophageal Cancer. Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus ...
Definition Esophageal cancer [2] is a malignancy that develops in tissues of the hollow, muscular canal (esophagus) along which ... Tylosis is a rare inherited disease characterized by excess skin on the palms and soles. Affected patients have a much higher ... Treatment for esophageal cancer is determined by the stage of the disease and the patients general health. The most important ... Treatment for esophageal cancer is determined by the stage of the disease and the patients general health. The most important ...
Global Perspectives on Esophageal Diseases. This Annals special issue features review articles on topics related to esophageal ... The effect of OFC damage on impulse control seems clear for some tests but not all. Emerging studies suggest that the OFCs ... However, mPFC does affect learning if the task is slightly different. If the animals are asked to shift their strategy; that is ... This "framing effect" is clear in the presentation of the same glass as "half-empty" or "half full." Dolan described functional ...
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease or 'GERD' affects up to one-third of Americans. (ksat.com)
  • It is commonly referred to as "heartburn" but is more appropriately named acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (bartleby.com)
  • What is the role of esophageal manometry in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)? (medscape.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and its associated complications (gastroesophageal reflux disease-GERD) are very common in children with neurological impairment (NI) and correlate with the severity of neurodisability. (springer.com)
  • Protonix is an acid suppressant originally approved in February 2000 for the short-term treatment, of up to eight weeks, and symptomatic relief of erosive esophagitis (EE) associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (centerwatch.com)
  • The relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and its treatment and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is controversial. (nih.gov)
  • Little is known about the determinants and the circumstances associated with placebo response in the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (nih.gov)
  • 2002-02-01 00:00:00 Gastro‐oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in obese patients. (deepdyve.com)
  • Apart from the physical discomfort and the economic burden, GERD may increase morbidity and mortality through its association with oesophageal carcinoma. (deepdyve.com)
  • Of the operative procedures used for weight loss, Roux‐en‐Y gastric bypass was found to be most effective for GERD, while gastric banding was associated with a high prevalence of reflux. (deepdyve.com)
  • Achalasia symptoms are similar to those of gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ), hiatus hernia , and some psychosomatic disorders. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A listing of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) medical research trials actively recruiting patient volunteers. (centerwatch.com)
  • Up to date there is no placebo-controlled trial to investigate the effect of prucalopride in patients with proven refractory GERD. (centerwatch.com)
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease or GERD affects 60 million Americans. (lifeextension.com)
  • People who have long-standing and severe GERD symptoms have 43 times the risk of getting esophageal cancer, which is likely to kill over 15,000 Americans this year. (lifeextension.com)
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic and recurrent disease, and it varies in regions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Liebregts, T. 2004-12-01 00:00:00 Summary Gastro‐oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a highly prevalent disorder in all Western countries. (deepdyve.com)
  • GERD is defined by the augmented exposure of oesophageal mucosa to acidic content, and is associated with specific symptoms or mucosal lesions. (deepdyve.com)
  • It keeps stomach acids from traveling up the esophagus and causing gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. (umc.edu)
  • Generally referred to as reflux, GERD affects 20 percent of the population. (umc.edu)
  • Noncancerous diseases and disorders such as severe heartburn (GERD), achalasia, Barrett's esophagus, and others. (upmc.com)
  • Anyone may experience occasional heartburn,   but if it occurs frequently or daily it may be the symptom of an underlying digestive disorder, most often gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (verywellhealth.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ) is the main condition that displays the symptom of heartburn. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Barrett's disease, also called Barrett's esophagus, is a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. (livestrong.com)
  • GERD has characteristic symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation, but Barrett's disease doesn't cause definite symptoms. (livestrong.com)
  • given the demonstrated effectiveness of medical treatment together with the eminent acceptance of the laparoscopic approach, the indications of surgery in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are currently subject to continuous controversy. (isciii.es)
  • At present there is some consensus on GERD: complementary explorations demonstrate the disease, medical treatment is very effective (4), and there is also agreement regarding the surgical technique to use. (isciii.es)
  • Current preventative efforts rely on endoscopic screening of individuals with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and surveillance endoscopy for those with BE. (nih.gov)
  • Homeopathic remedies for treatment of Heart burn or acidity and Hyperacidity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (hpathy.com)
  • Actually heart burn is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) which mainly occurs due to relaxation of the muscle around the entrance to the stomach, which allows a back flow of food, stomach acid and digestive enzymes. (hpathy.com)
  • Some include esophageal cancer, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or a rare ailment called achalasia-a disease affecting the muscles of the lower esophagus that prevents contraction of the organ and the passage of food. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • 2 ] Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common chronic condition in which gastric contents reflux from the stomach into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other manifestations. (chiro.org)
  • The prevalence of GERD has been increasing worldwide, possibly due to factors such as increasing longevity, rising obesity rates, and more widespread use of medications that affect the lower esophageal sphincter. (chiro.org)
  • 3 ] However, since many affected persons control the signs and symptoms of GERD with the use of over-the-counter medications, the condition is likely underreported. (chiro.org)
  • 4 ] Although GERD usually affects individuals over the age of 40 years, it can develop in individuals of any age. (chiro.org)
  • Now a new study says overweight and obese kids face another illness usually seen in adults: Gastro-esophageal reflux disease or GERD . (cnn.com)
  • GERD is a common illness that affects up to 15 percent of people. (cnn.com)
  • One concern for kids is GERD medicine can affect the way the bone is formed,' Shu notes, 'so later on in life they may have weak bones. (cnn.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD, is a digestive disorder that is quite discomforting. (uab.edu)
  • GERD affects 20 percent of the United States population, including people of all ages. (uab.edu)
  • In 50 healthy volunteers and 29 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), we evaluated the ingestion dynamics of 100 mL of acidic sour liquid (concentrated lemon juice, pH: 3.0) and 100 mL of water (pH: 6.8). (scielo.br)
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Sensitive Gut (Harvard Special Health Reports) In consultation with Lawrence S. Friedman, M.D. Stanford, CT In this article, you are informed about a disease that is occurring more often in our society. (bartleby.com)
  • Giannini EG, Zentilin P, Dulbecco P, Vigneri S, Scarlata P, Savarino V. Management strategy for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a comparison between empirical treatment with esomeprazole and endoscopy-oriented treatment. (medscape.com)
  • Medical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease in 2007. (medscape.com)
  • Updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. (medscape.com)
  • Meta-analysis: obesity and the risk for gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications. (medscape.com)
  • Factors Associated with Potassium-Competitive Acid Blocker Non-Response in Patients with Proton Pump Inhibitor-Refractory Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. (amedeo.com)
  • The Effect of Ineffective Esophageal Motility on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. (amedeo.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease in neurologically impaired children: the role of the gastrostomy tube. (springer.com)
  • Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease in severely mentally retarded people: a systematic review. (springer.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease in children with cerebral palsy. (springer.com)
  • Metoclopramide for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in infants: a systematic review. (springer.com)
  • Effect of metoclopramide on prolonged intraesophageal pH testing in infants with gastroesophageal reflux. (springer.com)
  • Poor functioning of the muscles in the upper and lower esophagus can make swallowing difficult and allow for gastroesophageal reflux, leading to heartburn, inflammation and scarring of esophageal tissues. (chop.edu)
  • Justification: Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) is a condition that affects the majority of premature infants that are followed at the Kangaroo Mother Care Program. (centerwatch.com)
  • Effect of asthma and PTSD on persistence and onset of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among adults exposed to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Some diseases which involve other parts of the GI tract can manifest in the mouth, alone or in combination, including: Gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause acid erosion of the teeth and halitosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common condition of the oesophagus in Western countries is gastroesophageal reflux disease, which in chronic forms is thought to result in changes to the epithelium of the oesophagus, known as Barrett's oesophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the numerous mechanisms and influencing factors, the spectrum of diseases in patients with heartburn comprises functional complaints, an acid-hypersensitive esophagus, and gastroesophageal reflux disease without or with endoscopically visible lesions. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Effect of Postprandial Administration of Esomeprazole on Reflux Symptoms in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Trullenque Juan R, Torres Sánchez T, Martí Martínez E, Martínez Abad M, Trullenque Peris R, Delgado Gomis F. Surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease: a comparative study between the open and laparoscopic approaches. (isciii.es)
  • Group I: 75 patients subjected to LS by a 3-surgeon team specially devoted to gastroesophageal disease in Hospital Dr. Peset, Valencia. (isciii.es)
  • Evolve: Prospective, Multicenter, Single-blind, Randomized Study Comparing the EndoMAXX EVT Fully Covered Esophageal Stent with Valve to the EndoMAXX Fully Covered Esophageal Stent for Malignant Strictures Requiring Stent Placement Across the Gastroesophageal Junction. (mcw.edu)
  • There will be information presented about esophageal cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease and the new LINX device. (uab.edu)
  • Affected patients have a much higher probability of developing esophageal cancer than the general population. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of pantoprazole and aprepitant on experimental esophagitis in albino rats. (hindawi.com)
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a lifelong disease involving allergic inflammation of the esophagus. (chop.edu)
  • Chronic ESOPHAGITIS characterized by esophageal mucosal EOSINOPHILIA. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The constant presence of stomach acid in the esophagus can lead to conditions such as Barrett's esophagus , erosive esophagitis , esophageal strictures , and even esophageal cancer . (verywellhealth.com)
  • In addition to being a new model to study birth defects like esophageal atresia, the organoids can be used to study diseases like eosinophilic esophagitis and Barrett's metaplasia, or to bioengineer genetically matched esophageal tissue for individual patients. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Celiac disease (CD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are two distinct disease entities affecting the gastrointestinal tract of pediatric patients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Recently it has been suggested that eosinophilic esophagitis is more prevalent in patients with celiac disease than the general population. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Understanding eosinophilic esophagitis: the cellular and molecular mechanisms of an emerging disease. (springermedizin.at)
  • Prevalence of esophageal eosinophilia and eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: a population-based endoscopic study in Shanghai, China. (springermedizin.at)
  • I cannot imagine how stressful it must be to be diagnosed with esophageal cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic. (mayoclinic.org)
  • In 2012, an estimated 17,500 people will be diagnosed with esophageal cancer and 15,000 will die from the disease. (redorbit.com)
  • The five-year survival rate for those diagnosed with esophageal cancer without any nodal involvement is 38 percent. (redorbit.com)
  • Esophageal cancer treatment amid COVID-19: Q&A with Shanda Blackmon, M.D., M.P.H. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Dr. Blackmon provides her perspective on how COVID-19 has affected esophageal cancer treatment and what patients should know about receiving care during this pandemic. (mayoclinic.org)
  • How has coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affected esophageal cancer treatment? (mayoclinic.org)
  • Unfortunately, COVID-19 has severely affected the treatment of patients who have esophageal cancer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • We want to make sure patients with esophageal cancer have ready access to up-to-date staging, diagnosis and treatment, as well as enrollment into clinical trials and minimally invasive treatment. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Mayo Clinic is now accepting patients who might have esophageal cancer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • What should patients with esophageal cancer know about COVID-19 risks? (mayoclinic.org)
  • Patients who have esophageal cancer can sometimes receive some of their treatment close to home. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Patients can be referred to Mayo Clinic if it's suspected that they might have esophageal cancer or if it's known that they have esophageal cancer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The oesophagus may be affected by gastric reflux , cancer , prominent dilated blood vessels called varices that can bleed heavily, tears , constrictions, and disorders of motility. (wikipedia.org)
  • This report will discuss how esophageal cancer affects the esophagus. (bartleby.com)
  • I will discuss how the cancer affects the normal operation of the esophagus, what causes esophageal cancer, how the cancer can be detected and how this cancer can be treated, I will conclude with a discussion of how common esophageal cancer is. (bartleby.com)
  • Firstly, in hopes of understanding what esophageal cancer is, one must first understand what the esophagus is. (bartleby.com)
  • In May 2013, Dr. Mathis recommended an endoscopy that indicated that I had esophageal cancer. (healthcanal.com)
  • The UC Cancer Institute Esophageal Disease Center doctors are the most experienced surgeons in the region performing this operation. (healthcanal.com)
  • Although esophageal cancer is fairly rare, incident rates are rising. (healthcanal.com)
  • The UC Health Esophageal Disease Center will offer patients the convenience of coordinated patient appointments with all their physicians-in one location, the UC Health Barrett Cancer Center-during the same time frame. (healthcanal.com)
  • We have a great team in place dedicated to the treatment of esophageal cancer and other esophageal diseases that includes dedicated thoracic anesthesiologists, critical care nurses, pulmonologists and gastroenterologists as well as the surgeons and oncologists," adds Starnes. (healthcanal.com)
  • The esophageal disease team sees patients every Wednesday afternoon in area C on the second floor of the Barrett Cancer Center. (healthcanal.com)
  • Esophageal cancer is a malignancy that develops in tissues of the hollow, muscular canal (esophagus) along which food and liquid travel from the throat to the stomach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Esophageal cancer usually originates in the inner layers of the lining of the esophagus and grows outward. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Since most patients are not diagnosed until the late stages of the disease, esophageal cancer is associated with poor quality of life and low survival rates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of esophageal cancer, accounting for 95% of all esophageal cancers worldwide. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Adenocarcinoma has surpassed squamous cell carcinoma as the most common type of esophageal cancer in the United States . (encyclopedia.com)
  • There is great variability in the incidence of esophageal cancer with regard to geography, ethnicity, and gender. (encyclopedia.com)
  • About 13,000 new cases of esophageal cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In general, esophageal cancer occurs more frequently in men than in women. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The exact cause of esophageal cancer is unknown, although many investigators believe that chronic irritation of the esophagus is a major culprit. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, the wide variance in the distribution of esophageal cancer among different demographic groups raises the possibility that genetic factors also play a role. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Several risk factors are associated with esophageal cancer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Smokeless tobacco also increases the risk for esophageal cancer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A diet low in fruits, vegetables, zinc, riboflavin, and other vitamins can increase risk of developing to esophageal cancer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Caustic injury to the esophagus inflicted by swallowing lye or other substances that damage esophageal cells can lead to the development of squamous cell esophageal cancer in later life. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Squamous cell esophageal cancer develops in about 6% of patients with achalasia. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Esophageal webs, which are protrusions of tissue into the esophagus, and diverticula, which are out-pouchings of the wall of the esophagus, are associated with a higher incidence of esophageal cancer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Can keeping your teeth clean protect against oesophageal cancer? (www.nhs.uk)
  • Researchers found that the quantity of one species of bacteria in the mouth could predict the chances of people developing oesophageal cancer (not throat cancer, as the Mail reports). (www.nhs.uk)
  • Oesophageal cancer is becoming more common and around 8,900 people in the UK are diagnosed with it each year. (www.nhs.uk)
  • There are two types of oesophageal cancer, oesophageal adenocarcinoma (more common in the UK) and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (more common in developing countries). (www.nhs.uk)
  • The Mail Online said that tooth-brushing can reduce the risk of oesophageal cancer by one-fifth. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Researchers wanted to know whether oral bacteria differed between people who went on to get oesophageal cancer, and those who did not. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This type of study is useful for spotting links between factors, such as bacteria in the mouth and oesophageal cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
  • They then compared results from each sample of people who later got oesophageal cancer, with samples from two people the same age and sex who didn't get cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Incidence of oesophageal cancer was determined by annual questionnaires sent in the post and verified by medical records. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The researchers say their results showed a "biologically plausible" way in which bacteria might affect risk of two types of oesophageal cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A study by Fogh et al of induction chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery, a strategy that is widely used in treating esophageal cancer, found that perioperative morbidity and mortality with this approach was not significantly different in patients aged 70 years or older compared with younger patients. (medscape.com)
  • Breast cancer most commonly affects older women, although younger women can also develop breast cancer. (cardiosmart.org)
  • This disease remains the No. 1 cause of cancer death in the United States and across the world. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Lung cancer is a serious disease, but in its early stages some patients can be cured. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Two types of cancer can affect the esophagus: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Cancer is not just 1 disease. (uhhospitals.org)
  • A consequence of chronic esophageal exposure to stomach contents is deadly esophageal cancer ! (lifeextension.com)
  • The link between esophageal reflux and esophageal cancer is striking. (lifeextension.com)
  • When gastritis persists in a chronic state, it is associated with several diseases, including atrophic gastritis, pyloric stenosis, and gastric cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The worst cases can put a patient at risk for esophageal cancer and chronic pulmonary disease. (umc.edu)
  • Other conditions that can be confused with heartburn include peptic ulcer disease , biliary tract disorders, esophageal motility disorders, and esophageal cancer. (verywellhealth.com)
  • I t can also affect people who have cancer such as mouth or oesophageal cancer and those with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Barrett's affects the lining of the esophagus and increases the risk of esophageal cancer, especially adenocarcinoma. (livestrong.com)
  • The center is developing new ways to study birth defects and diseases that affect millions of people with gastrointestinal disorders, such as gastric reflux, cancer, etc. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The clinical trials on this list are for esophageal cancer treatment. (cancer.gov)
  • This phase IB trial studies how well nivolumab with or without relatlimab works in treating patients with esophageal or gastric cancer that has spread to other places in the body. (cancer.gov)
  • For those with esophageal cancer, initialstaging of the disease is of particular importance as it determines whether to opt for a curative treatment or palliative treatment. (redorbit.com)
  • Our data also show that when PET/CT changes management, it does so correctly in almost all cases," said Thomas Barber, lead author of the study "18F-FDG PET/CT Has a High Impact on Patient Management and Provides Powerful Prognostic Stratification in the Primary Staging of Esophageal Cancer: A Prospective Study with Mature Survival Data. (redorbit.com)
  • The study followed 139 patients with newly diagnosed esophageal cancer between July 2002 and June 2005. (redorbit.com)
  • The UAB Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery will host an esophageal cancer event on the first-floor lobby of The Kirklin Clinic on Nov. 15. (uab.edu)
  • The University of Alabama at Birmingham Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery will host an esophageal cancer event on the first-floor lobby of The Kirklin Clinic on Friday, Nov. 15, from 7:30-9:30 a.m. (uab.edu)
  • When you come to Winship Cancer Institute for esophageal cancer treatment, you have a multidisciplinary team of experts dedicated to your well-being. (emory.edu)
  • Winship Cancer Institute offers a comprehensive team of multidisciplinary specialists who treat esophageal cancer. (emory.edu)
  • Diagnosis of esophageal cancer takes into consideration many factors including risk associated with a patient's lifestyle and pre-existing conditions. (emory.edu)
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption are major risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma, a subtype of esophageal cancer that begins in the cell lining. (emory.edu)
  • Early stage cancer is disease limited to the esophageal wall and the adjacent lymph nodes. (emory.edu)
  • Determining the stage of your cancer will affect your treatment plan. (emory.edu)
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is a procedure that determines the stage of esophageal cancer in a patient. (emory.edu)
  • The management of early stage esophageal cancer requires the collaboration of a specialized multidisciplinary team that includes surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and radiologists. (emory.edu)
  • Watch the video for a description of surgical options for esophageal cancer by Winship specialist Seth Force, MD. (emory.edu)
  • Clinical trials provide patients access to new medications that are being developed to treat esophageal cancer. (emory.edu)
  • cutting edge therapies such as radiofrequency ablation, Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and esophageal brachytherapy may be used as treatment for esophageal cancer. (emory.edu)
  • Winship's most promising research in treating esophageal cancer is in personalized medicine and targeted therapies. (emory.edu)
  • Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) are conditions that develop before the baby is born and usually occur together. (chop.edu)
  • In esophageal atresia the esophagus develops in two parts, one connected to the mouth and the other to the stomach creating a blind pouch on both ends. (chop.edu)
  • Researchers at the University of Sheffield and Boston's Children Hospital, Harvard Medical School have created a robot that can be implanted into the body to aid the treatment of oesophageal atresia, a rare birth defect that affects a baby's oesophagus. (eurekalert.org)
  • The robot's function is inspired by the Foker technique of correcting the oesophageal atresia which involves manually pulling the tissue slowly using sutures over a period of time. (eurekalert.org)
  • Oesophageal atresia is a rare genetic disease which affects about one in 4000 babies born in the US and Europe. (eurekalert.org)
  • Some of these cases are characterized by a gap between three and 10 cm between the oesophageal stubs, called long gap oesophageal atresia. (eurekalert.org)
  • The organ can be affected by congenital diseases, such as esophageal atresia-a narrowing or malformation of the esophagus caused by genetic mutations. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The FDA is now allowing the introduction of Cook Medical 's Flourish Pediatric Esophageal Atresia Anastomosis device as a non-surgical option for treatment of esophageal atresia, a birth defect in which the esophagus is not connected to the stomach due to a poorly formed esophagus. (medgadget.com)
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux and esophageal motility disorders in morbidly obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic diseases might include congenital diseases such as Zenker's diverticulum and esophageal webbing, and oesophageal motility disorders including the nutcracker oesophagus, achalasia, diffuse oesophageal spasm, and oesophageal stricture. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4 A study by Ulualp et al 7 using pharyngeal water stimulation found that the volume of water required to evoke the pharyngo-upper oesophageal sphincter reflex in subjects with posterior laryngitis associated with GORD was significantly higher than that required for normal subjects, suggesting diminished pharyngeal sensation. (bmj.com)
  • It has been documented that this diminished pharyngeal sensation results in the abolition of the pharyngo-upper oesophageal sphincter contractile reflex. (bmj.com)
  • The upper parts of the esophagus and the upper esophageal sphincter receive blood from the inferior thyroid artery , the parts of the esophagus in the thorax from the bronchial arteries and branches directly from the thoracic aorta , and the lower parts of the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter receive blood from the left gastric artery and the left inferior phrenic artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sphincteric action of the diaphragm during a relaxed lower esophageal sphincter in humans. (medscape.com)
  • Characteristics of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation in humans. (medscape.com)
  • Effect of the diaphragmatic contraction on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in man. (medscape.com)
  • Achalasia is a condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter (muscle) cannot relax enough to let food pass into the stomach. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Third, obese subjects have increased intra‐abdominal pressure that displaces the lower oesophageal sphincter and increases the gastro‐oesophageal gradient. (deepdyve.com)
  • These drugs seem to enhance lower esophageal sphincter (LES) tone, to improve esophageal clearance, and to increase gastric motility thus increasing emptying of gastric contents. (springer.com)
  • Baclofen, used to treat patients with neurological impairment, is a γ-aminobutyric acid receptor agonist that was shown to be effective in reducing the number of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLSERs) and acid GER as well as to accelerate gastric emptying. (springer.com)
  • Comparative effects of metoclopramide and bethanechol on lower esophageal sphincter pressure in reflux patients. (springer.com)
  • As a result, the lower esophageal sphincter cannot relax, and lack of normal peristalsis leads to esophageal stasis of food products and secretions. (chop.edu)
  • In esophageal achalasia, the esophagus does not open to let food pass through, because there is a weakness in the smooth muscle of lower part of the esophagus, and the lower esophageal sphincter. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This procedure helps the doctor determine whether the lower esophageal sphincter is relaxing properly while the patient swallows. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The power of the magnetic beads keeps a weak or failed lower esophageal sphincter closed, but unlike a Nissen, the normal pressure generated by swallowing expands the magnets of the device and allows the sphincter to open. (umc.edu)
  • Heartburn happens when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES),   which is located between the esophagus and stomach, is weakened or opens inappropriately. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The condition is usually a result of a weakening of the valve mechanism between the oesophagus (gullet) and the top of the stomach, or the lower oesophageal sphincter. (spirehealthcare.com)
  • Surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux is designed to reinforce the lower oesophageal sphincter, restoring the one-way valve, rather than interfering with stomach acid production. (spirehealthcare.com)
  • A relatively new operation which is gaining popularity due to its simplicity and effectiveness is the LINX procedure, which involves placement of a ring of magnetic beads around the lower oesophageal sphincter. (spirehealthcare.com)
  • Magnetic sphincter augmentation strengthens the lower esophageal sphincter and therefore recreates the natural reflux barrier. (springermedizin.at)
  • Aspiration pneumonia often happens as a complication of disorders that cause vomiting, regurgitation, difficulty swallowing or esophageal paralysis. (vetinfo.com)
  • Esophageal disorders and diseases of the larnyx can contribute to aspiration pneumonia. (vetinfo.com)
  • The Esophageal Diseases Program is dedicated to the care of patients with esophageal disorders and responsible for the development of a new highly effective means of treating patients with achalasia. (chop.edu)
  • We provide comprehensive care from a multidisciplinary approach for patients with esophageal disorders using the latest diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and technology. (chop.edu)
  • Oesophageal diseases include a spectrum of disorders affecting the oesophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our multidisciplinary team uses minimally invasive approaches to diagnose and treat a full range of thoracic diseases and disorders. (upmc.com)
  • Researchers report in the journal Cell Stem Cell the organoids enhance the study of esophageal disorders, personalized medical and the development of regenerative tissue therapies for people. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • One advantage of a narrative review is that it enables practitioners to learn about the effect a wide variety of treatment options have (or do not have) on a condition or group of conditions- in this case GI disorders- published in various article formats, ranging from well designed clinical trials to commentaries. (chiro.org)
  • In a recent study it was found that patients with dysphagia associated with supra-oesophageal reflux had reduced LPS. (bmj.com)
  • Diseases may cause difficulty swallowing ( dysphagia ), painful swallowing ( odynophagia ), chest pain , or cause no symptoms at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 67-year-old woman with a long-standing history of recurrent dysphagia and esophageal strictures failed to respond to aggressive antireflux management. (hindawi.com)
  • Esophageal dysphagia is caused by damage or disease of the throat. (denverhealth.org)
  • There are not steps to prevent esophageal dysphagia. (denverhealth.org)
  • At CHOP, we offer esophageal manometry, a helpful diagnostic modality to evaluate smooth muscle in patients with scleroderma who have dysphagia. (chop.edu)
  • Dysphagia is usually caused by another health condition which for example affects the nervous system, such as a stroke, head injury, multiple sclerosis or dementia. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Relationship between body mass and gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms: The Bristol Helicobacter Project. (medscape.com)
  • The natural history of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms in the community and its effects on survival: a longitudinal 10-year follow-up study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The aim of this study was to compare LPS in patients with chronic cough and GORD with healthy subjects and to determine the effect of laryngopharyngeal infusions of both acid and normal saline on LPS. (bmj.com)
  • Macro or microaspiration has been implicated as one of the mechanisms in the pathogenesis of chronic cough, asthma, and idiopathic interstitial lung disease in patients with GORD. (bmj.com)
  • Successful treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) has traditionally been assessed as healing of reflux oesophagitis, which may not be relevant in patients with moderate disease. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In chronic granulomatous disease [CGD] patients , esophageal stricture is a rare complication and the treatment of choice is still controversial. (bvsalud.org)
  • To assess intermittent treatment over 12 months in patients with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (bmj.com)
  • 677 patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (bmj.com)
  • The results were similar in patients with erosive and non-erosive disease. (bmj.com)
  • Intermittent treatment is effective in managing symptoms of heartburn in half of patients with uncomplicated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (bmj.com)
  • The Esophageal Disease Center is hiring a full-time coordinator who will serve as a single point of contact for patients as well as referring physicians seeking a consultation with the UC Health-based team. (healthcanal.com)
  • The new Thoracic Surgery Clinic at Lawrence General Hospital is a collaboration with Lahey Hospital & Medical Center that provides highly advanced, personalized care for patients with conditions affecting their lungs, trachea, esophagus, chest wall, and mediastinum (the area between the lungs) right here in Lawrence. (lawrencegeneral.org)
  • Prasugrel for Japanese Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease in Long-Term Clinical Practice (PRASFIT-Practice II) - 1-Year Follow-up Results of a Postmarketing Observational Study. (medworm.com)
  • Prevalence of Gastric Non-Helicobacter pylori-Helicobacters in Japanese Patients with Gastric Disease. (amedeo.com)
  • Currently, patients presenting with a history of EA or TEF and esophageal symptoms undergo a series of diagnostic test to determine if any narrowings have developed post-surgical intervention. (chop.edu)
  • Their meta-analysis suggest that patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) may be the real beneficiaries of the treatment protocol. (redorbit.com)
  • Symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease have a substantial impact on patients' everyday lives. (nih.gov)
  • The Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease Impact Scale was developed from a systematic literature review, focus groups of patients and primary care physicians, and patient cognitive interviews. (nih.gov)
  • A psychometric validation study was conducted based on two consultations in new (n = 100) or chronic (n = 105) gastro-oesophageal reflux disease patients. (nih.gov)
  • The Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease Impact Scale demonstrated internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.68 to 0.82), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient in stable patients ranged from 0.61 to 0.72) and construct validity (Spearman correlations with Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia instrument and Reflux Disease Questionnaire: 0.5-0.8 in both patient groups). (nih.gov)
  • Effect sizes in new and chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease patients ranged from 0.9 to 1.5 and 0.32 to 0.42, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • Doctors reported altering their treatment decision based on information provided by the Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease Impact Scale in 35% of patients, and 77% of doctors found it to be useful. (nih.gov)
  • The Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease Impact Scale demonstrated good psychometric properties in newly diagnosed gastro-oesophageal reflux disease patients and those already receiving treatment. (nih.gov)
  • This simple communication tool is a useful aid for managing primary care patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (nih.gov)
  • SECURE: A Non-Interventional Long-term Post-Marketing Registry of Patients Treated with Certolizumab Pegol (Cimzia®) for Crohn's Disease. (mcw.edu)
  • Millennium: A Phase 3, Open-label Study to Determine the Long-term Safety and Efficacy of Vedolizumab (MLN0002) in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease. (mcw.edu)
  • 40 consecutive patients with interstitial lung disease other than IPF (non-IPF patients) and 50 healthy volunteers were also enrolled. (ersjournals.com)
  • We studied the association between these two disease entities in our pediatric patients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Only cases with both duodenal and esophageal biopsies in pediatric patients were included. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 120 patients who met these criteria were included as the disease group. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although 6 patients in the control group were histologically suspicious for CD, none of them had evidence of esophageal eosinophilia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Our findings show that, in our patient population, CD patients are not more likely to have esophageal eosinophilia than patients undergoing upper endoscopy for other reasons. (biomedsearch.com)
  • AFM24-101 is a first in human Phase 1 / 2a open-label, non-randomized, multi-center, multiple ascending dose escalation / expansion study evaluating AFM24 as monotherapy in patients with advanced solid malignancies whose disease has progressed after treatment with previous anticancer therapies. (cancer.gov)
  • Oesophageal transit in patients with autonomic dysfunction. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, more than 50 percent of patients have inoperable or metastatic disease when they are initially diagnosed. (redorbit.com)
  • The five-year survival rate for patients with stage IIB-III disease was 38 percent, which is significantly higher than results previously reported (9-34 percent in stage IIB and 6-16 percent in stage III). (redorbit.com)
  • Surgery is used for patients with early stage disease. (emory.edu)
  • The cause remains unknown, but according to Society of Thoracic Surgeons, recent studies suggest it may be an autoimmune disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia and paraesophageal hernia) occurs when part of the stomach protrudes into the thoracic cavity through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. (medscape.com)
  • Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is more common among people who smoke, drink alcohol or are obese. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A type of bacteria that causes gum disease, called Tannerella forsythia, was more common in people who went on to develop oesophageal adenocarcinoma. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Researchers found 81 people with oesophageal adenocarcinoma and 25 with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (www.nhs.uk)
  • People with double the average amount of Tannerella forsythia had a 21% higher risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma ( odds ratio (OR) 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.46). (www.nhs.uk)
  • The most serious complication of Barrett's disease is esophageal adenocarcinoma. (livestrong.com)
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a devastating disease that has risen in incidence over the past several decades. (nih.gov)
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma begins in the cells that make mucus and other fluids. (emory.edu)
  • It has been suggested that gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) may also impair LPS, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. (bmj.com)
  • 1, 3 It has been shown that gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) may also reduce LPS. (bmj.com)
  • Do not offer an upper gastrointestinal (GI) contrast study to diagnose or assess the severity of gastrointestinal reflux disease (GORD) in infants, children and young people. (nice.org.uk)
  • Most studies validate treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) using improvement in symptoms alone. (sages.org)
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition affecting around one in ten of the adult population. (spirehealthcare.com)
  • administration with food may delay and slightly decrease absorption, but achieves maximum antisecretory effect when stomach is no longer protected by food buffering effect. (drugs.com)
  • These drugs suppress stomach acid formation, but do not block the backwash of harsh stomach contents (such as digestive enzymes, bile, and acidic foods) into the delicate esophageal lining. (lifeextension.com)
  • Gastric diseases refer to diseases affecting the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other common symptoms that stomach disease might cause include indigestion or dyspepsia, vomiting, and in chronic disease, digestive problems leading to forms of malnutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • An endoscopic biopsy of esophageal tissue with visualization of orange gastric epithelium extending upward from the stomach in a circular manner confirms Barrett's disease. (livestrong.com)
  • The absence of Sox2 resulted in esophageal agenesis-a condition in which the esophagus terminates in a pouch and does not connect to the stomach. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • This illness is due to the acid effect on a patient's stomach (Kiley, Craqin & Roth, 2007). (essaysprofessors.com)
  • Drug absorption is affected by the stomach acidity (Kiley, Craqin & Roth, 2007). (essaysprofessors.com)
  • The bioavailability of Omeprazole is affected by the food presence in the stomach. (essaysprofessors.com)
  • A very small fraction of esophageal cancers are melanomas, sarcomas, or lymphomas. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Stage I, II, and III esophageal cancers are all potentially resectable. (medscape.com)
  • Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems! (lifeextension.com)
  • Barrett's disease is a result of repeated injury to esophageal tissue from chronic gastric acid reflux. (livestrong.com)
  • With Barrett's disease, the tissue of the esophagus becomes less sensitive due to the effects of chronic acid reflux. (livestrong.com)
  • Acid reflux can also cause a persistent cough, and sometimes affects the voice causing hoarseness. (spirehealthcare.com)
  • History of esophageal, gastric, or duodenal surgery, except for simple closure of an ulcer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Surgery for reflux disease: reflections of a gastroenterologist. (medscape.com)
  • Contact the UPMC Esophageal and Lung Surgery Institute with questions or for more information. (upmc.com)
  • Surgery options range from minimally invasive procedures such as endoscopic resection or laparoscopic esophageal resection to more traditional open surgical resections. (emory.edu)
  • This guideline was previously called gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: recognition, diagnosis and management in children and young people. (nice.org.uk)
  • Several years after initial presentation, histopathology ultimately demonstrated lichenoid features and a diagnosis of esophageal lichen planus (ELP) was confirmed. (hindawi.com)
  • An upper GI series can suggest achalasia, but official diagnosis is made by esophageal manometry. (chop.edu)
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic fibrotic lung disease with a median survival ranging from 2 to 3 years from diagnosis [ 1 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • She did not have typical heartburn or regurgitation symptoms consistent with reflux disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Moreover, interactions between esophageal chemo- and mechanosensitivity might play a role in the genesis of heartburn. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Treatment for Barrett's disease requires prolonged use of proton pump inhibitors, which may forestall progression of the disease, and antacids for fast relief of heartburn. (livestrong.com)
  • Heartburn symptoms produce a lot of discomfort and can affect feeling of well being when appear regularly. (hpathy.com)
  • Heartburn may lead to other complications such as inflammation of the esophagus or gastro esophageal reflux disease. (hpathy.com)
  • People with higher levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis may have had a higher risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma but the numbers are too small to be sure this was not a chance finding (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.77). (www.nhs.uk)
  • Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is one of the major malignant diseases worldwide. (redorbit.com)
  • Histological subgroup analysis indicated that esophageal squamous cell carcinoma did not benefit from neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. (redorbit.com)
  • Some nutritional factors are believed to aggravate acidic reflux either by delaying gastric emptying or diminishing the pressure of the lower oesophageal sphincters. (deepdyve.com)
  • Reflux features included distal oesophageal acid exposure, number of acid/weakly acidic reflux episodes and their proximal migration. (ersjournals.com)
  • Sour acidic liquid has a slower distal esophageal transit than a neutral liquid. (scielo.br)
  • Acidic liquid has a different dynamic of ingestion than the neutral liquid, which may be consequence of the slower transit through the distal esophageal body or an anticipation to drink a sour bolus. (scielo.br)
  • peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices. (mims.com)
  • Acute disease might include infections such as oesophagitis, trauma caused by the ingestion of corrosive substances, or rupture of veins such as oesophageal varices, Boerhaave syndrome or Mallory-Weiss tears. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, some physicians regard sonography as the examination of choice in infants because the findings may differentiate duodenal causes of vomiting from esophageal causes. (medscape.com)
  • 6 It has been shown in both developing and developed countries that breastfeeding has a protective effect in terms of both infant morbidity and mortality. (motherisk.org)
  • Living with Barrett's disease requires changes in diet and behavior. (livestrong.com)
  • Esophageal manometry defines the function of the LES and the esophageal body (peristalsis). (medscape.com)
  • Esophageal manometry is essential for correctly positioning the probe for the 24-hour pH monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • Esophageal manometry: This measures muscle pressure and movements in the esophagus. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Through evaluation of the histological results, treatment parameters for the ablation of human esophageal epithelium will be better understood. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Melatonin is a safer alternative than clonazepam in the treatment of REM sleep behavior disorder - a condition associated with the synucleinopathies like Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies . (wikipedia.org)
  • Maintenance treatment with proton pump inhibitors is the most widely recommended form of treatment for the long term management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (bmj.com)
  • Postural treatment has been a traditional part of the management of symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux in infancy. (bmj.com)
  • Impact of Comorbid Irritable Bowel Syndrome on Treatment Outcome in Non-Erosive Reflux Disease on Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitor in Japan. (amedeo.com)
  • Above all, the suggested "treatment" was offered for a disease not generally accepted by the medical community. (motherisk.org)
  • Given the complexity of the disease of obesity and the need for expanded treatment options, the Obesity Action Coalition is encouraged to see continued innovation in safe and effective chronic weight management options. (businesswire.com)
  • We welcome PLENITY's addition as a treatment option for people affected by obesity," said Joe Nadglowski, president and chief executive officer of the Obesity Action Coalition. (businesswire.com)
  • Meta-analysis: the effects of placebo treatment on gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (nih.gov)
  • It is often the first illness and signal that HIV disease is progressing to a more severe stage, particularly infections that are recurrent or less responsive to treatment. (thebody.com)
  • Topical treatment (applied on the affected area) is the first choice for oral candidiasis and usually works for mild-to-moderate cases. (thebody.com)
  • Systemic treatments that work throughout the body are used for recurring disease or outbreaks that do not clear up with topical treatment and for esophageal candidiasis. (thebody.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expert panel meetings on prevention and treatment of anthrax in adults. (cdc.gov)
  • With it being implanted in the patient, it means they have - in effect - a doctor by their side all the time, monitoring them and changing their treatment when needed. (eurekalert.org)
  • To date, no cure is available and treatment strategies show little effect. (ersjournals.com)
  • Moreover, recent investigations have demonstrated disease stabilisation or delay of disease progression after medical or surgical treatment of GOR [ 9 - 11 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • the effect of treatment wit. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, laparoscopic fundoplication remains the surgical treatment of choice in advanced reflux disease. (springermedizin.at)
  • whereas esophageal biopsies were classified as either positive or negative for esophageal eosinophilia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • among those 4 (6.5%) showed esophageal eosinophilia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Therefore, we suggest that the association between CD and esophageal eosinophilia is likely incidental and not causal. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This long-term and progressive lung disease causes shortness of breath and destroys the tissues that support the shape and function of the lungs. (upmc.com)
  • The scientists based their new method for using human PSCs to generate esophageal organoids on precisely timed, step-by-step manipulations of genetic and biochemical signals that pattern and form embryonic endoderm and foregut tissues. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • In particular, the Sox2 protein inhibits the signaling of a molecule called Wnt and promotes the formation and survival of esophageal tissues. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • After successfully generating fully formed human esophageal organoids-which grew to a length of about 300-800 micrometers in about two months-the bioengineered tissues were compared biochemically to esophageal tissues from patient biopsies. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • This confocal microscopic image shows a two-month-old human esophageal organoid bioengineered by scientists from pluripotent stem cells. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Scientists working to bioengineer the entire human gastrointestinal system in a laboratory now report using pluripotent stem cells to grow human esophageal organoids. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The newly published research is the first time scientists have been able to grow human esophageal tissue entirely from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), which can form any tissue type in the body, according to the authors. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • This requires a more precise understanding of the genetic and biochemical mechanisms behind their cause-a need filled by the ability to generate and study robust, functional, genetically matched models of human esophageal tissue that can be grown from a person's own cells. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Esophageal achalasia is a disease of the esophagus that mainly affects young adults. (medicinenet.com)
  • Learn the definition of achalasia and what you can do to treat the disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • The program is equipped with the latest diagnostic and therapeutic methods to provide accurate and confirmatory diagnoses for esophageal conditions such as achalasia, EGJ outlet obstruction, and scleroderma. (chop.edu)
  • Achalasia is a condition that leads to progressive degeneration of ganglion cells in the esophageal wall. (chop.edu)
  • Esophageal achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Achalasia can affect any part of the digestive tract, including the intestines. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hirschsprung's disease is a type of achalasia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What is esophageal achalasia? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Achalasia is a chronic disease in which the nerve function deteriorates over time. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It is not uncommon to take few to several years to correctly diagnose esophageal lichen planus (ELP) due to unfamiliarity with the disease, often nonspecific endoscopic and histopathology findings, and the possibility of ELP being the first manifestation of LP [ 3 , 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Pathogenesis of Double-Dose Proton Pump Inhibitor-Resistant Non-Erosive Reflux Disease, and Mechanism of Reflux Symptoms and Gastric Acid Secretion-Suppressive Effect in the Presence or Absence of Helicobacter pylori Infection. (amedeo.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The evidence, obtained from one randomised clinical trial at high risk of bias, is very uncertain on whether sclerotherapy has an influence on mortality and if it may decrease first upper gastrointestinal or oesophageal variceal bleeding in children. (medworm.com)
  • Gastrointestinal diseases (abbrev. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though anatomically part of the GI tract, diseases of the mouth are often not considered alongside other gastrointestinal diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition of unknown aetiology, classified as either Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, that can affect the intestines and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antidepressants were more effective than placebos in terms of the rate of responder [RR = 1.35 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.63)], and the reduction of target gastrointestinal symptoms [SMD = −0.94 (95% CI −1.33 to −0.54)], and disability severity (moderate effect sizes). (frontiersin.org)
  • The faculty of Gastroenterology and Hepatology are actively pursuing research in gastrointestinal and hepatological diseases from bench to bedside and to the community. (mcw.edu)
  • Multiple underlying maladies can cause other types of chronic cough, such as asthma, postnasal drip, esophageal reflux, infections and interstitial lung disease. (reference.com)
  • Esophageal strictures are narrowing that develop in the esophagus. (chop.edu)
  • Strictures that develop before birth are called congenital esophageal strictures. (chop.edu)
  • Esophageal tissue subjected to ablation via the CryoBalloon Focal Ablation System will be submitted for histological evaluation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • During the last few years, claims have been made that silicone implants cause connective-tissue autoimmune disease in women, 1 but repeated scientific reviews have failed to confirm these reports. (motherisk.org)
  • In one case, an American physician suggested through his website that, in addition to not breastfeeding, women should consider treating their infants with the antimalarial agent hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), which is used as a second-line drug for connective-tissue diseases. (motherisk.org)
  • A disease in which cancerous (malignant) cells form in the tissue of the esophagus. (upmc.com)
  • Many diseases that occur in the digestive system or as a cause of complications in the digestive system are not preventable. (bartleby.com)
  • In contrast, it proved impossible to discuss adequately all of the common diseases affecting other organs of the digestive system under the problem headings. (springer.com)
  • AIM Prone posture is often recommended for symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux in young infants, but prone positioning has been associated with sudden infant death. (bmj.com)
  • 5 months) with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux were studied prospectively with 48 h pH monitoring. (bmj.com)
  • The left lateral position is a suitable alternative to prone for the postural management of infants with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux. (bmj.com)
  • There are no published studies which adequately explore lateral positioning in infants with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux, and particularly the next best position to prone. (bmj.com)
  • Guidelines for the management of symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (springer.com)
  • 9-11 Some have continued to advocate the prone position for infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux, 12 but this would be unnecessary if a comparable alternative could be found. (bmj.com)
  • In a small study of the Flourish device, it successfully restored the esophageal lumen in all the infants, though most had to receive subsequent balloon dilation, stenting, or both. (medgadget.com)
  • The device is also contraindicated in infants who have an existing tracheoesophageal fistula or who have esophageal segments that are more than 4 centimeters apart. (medgadget.com)
  • Infants who are affected often show signs on their cheeks, scalp, forehead, forearms and neck. (healthyfood.co.nz)
  • Chronic or congenital diseases might be investigated using barium swallows, endoscopy and biopsy, whereas acute diseases such as reflux may be investigated and diagnosed based on symptoms and a medical history alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent confirmatory endoscopy and esophageal morphology and function testing with novel impedance planimetry technology (EndoFLIP) is performed. (chop.edu)
  • It is an opportunity to get checked for more serious problems that could produce chest pain, such as angina or coronary artery disease. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Lyme disease is considered an emerging infectious disease because it's incidence has increased over the past 20 years, and it was not identified until 1975 in the United States (CITE). (bartleby.com)
  • Novel therapeutic options are facing the rising incidence of benign inflammatory diseases. (springermedizin.at)
  • EE can be a precursor to more serious esophageal diseases. (centerwatch.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 17 percent of children and teens ages 2-19 are obese in the United States. (cnn.com)
  • Finally, vagal abnormalities associated with obesity may cause a higher output of bile and pancreatic enzymes, which makes the refluxate more toxic to the oesophageal mucosa. (deepdyve.com)
  • Sclerotherapy versus beta-blockers for primary prophylaxis of oesophageal variceal bleeding in children and adolescents with chronic liver disease or portal vein thrombosis. (medworm.com)
  • The Esophageal Diseases Program is one of the few pediatric programs in the country to provide esophageal dilation with the use of EsoFLIP, a novel dilatation method without the need for fluoroscopy (radiation). (chop.edu)
  • The prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease based on non-specific symptoms in institutionalized, intellectually disabled individuals. (springer.com)