Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Depression, Postpartum: Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)Cortical Spreading Depression: The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Long-Term Synaptic Depression: A persistent activity-dependent decrease in synaptic efficacy between NEURONS. It typically occurs following repeated low-frequency afferent stimulation, but it can be induced by other methods. Long-term depression appears to play a role in MEMORY.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation: A structurally and mechanistically diverse group of drugs that are not tricyclics or monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The most clinically important appear to act selectively on serotonergic systems, especially by inhibiting serotonin reuptake.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Dysthymic Disorder: Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Depression, Chemical: The decrease in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Citalopram: A furancarbonitrile that is one of the SEROTONIN UPTAKE INHIBITORS used as an antidepressant. The drug is also effective in reducing ethanol uptake in alcoholics and is used in depressed patients who also suffer from tardive dyskinesia in preference to tricyclic antidepressants, which aggravate this condition.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Sertraline: A selective serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used in the treatment of depression.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant: Failure to respond to two or more trials of antidepressant monotherapy or failure to respond to four or more trials of different antidepressant therapies. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)Fluoxetine: The first highly specific serotonin uptake inhibitor. It is used as an antidepressant and often has a more acceptable side-effects profile than traditional antidepressants.Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic: Substances that contain a fused three-ring moiety and are used in the treatment of depression. These drugs block the uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin into axon terminals and may block some subtypes of serotonin, adrenergic, and histamine receptors. However the mechanism of their antidepressant effects is not clear because the therapeutic effects usually take weeks to develop and may reflect compensatory changes in the central nervous system.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Electroconvulsive Therapy: Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Synaptic Transmission: The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Synapses: Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials: Depolarization of membrane potentials at the SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES of target neurons during neurotransmission. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials can singly or in summation reach the trigger threshold for ACTION POTENTIALS.Paroxetine: A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of depression.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.United StatesSuicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins: Sodium chloride-dependent neurotransmitter symporters located primarily on the PLASMA MEMBRANE of serotonergic neurons. They are different than SEROTONIN RECEPTORS, which signal cellular responses to SEROTONIN. They remove SEROTONIN from the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE by high affinity reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS. Regulates signal amplitude and duration at serotonergic synapses and is the site of action of the SEROTONIN UPTAKE INHIBITORS.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Cyclohexanols: Monohydroxy derivatives of cyclohexanes that contain the general formula R-C6H11O. They have a camphorlike odor and are used in making soaps, insecticides, germicides, dry cleaning, and plasticizers.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Mianserin: A tetracyclic compound with antidepressant effects. It may cause drowsiness and hematological problems. Its mechanism of therapeutic action is not well understood, although it apparently blocks alpha-adrenergic, histamine H1, and some types of serotonin receptors.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Affective Disorders, Psychotic: Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Neural Inhibition: The function of opposing or restraining the excitation of neurons or their target excitable cells.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.Long-Term Potentiation: A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Geriatric Psychiatry: A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.Nortriptyline: A metabolite of AMITRIPTYLINE that is also used as an antidepressive agent. Nortriptyline is used in major depression, dysthymia, and atypical depressions.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Psychotherapy, Brief: Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Seasonal Affective Disorder: A syndrome characterized by depressions that recur annually at the same time each year, usually during the winter months. Other symptoms include anxiety, irritability, decreased energy, increased appetite (carbohydrate cravings), increased duration of sleep, and weight gain. SAD (seasonal affective disorder) can be treated by daily exposure to bright artificial lights (PHOTOTHERAPY), during the season of recurrence.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Grief: Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.Anhedonia: Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).Imipramine: The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.Helplessness, Learned: Learned expectation that one's responses are independent of reward and, hence, do not predict or control the occurrence of rewards. Learned helplessness derives from a history, experimentally induced or naturally occurring, of having received punishment/aversive stimulation regardless of responses made. Such circumstances result in an impaired ability to learn. Used for human or animal populations. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Affective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Outpatients: Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Panic Disorder: A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System: A collection of NEURONS, tracts of NERVE FIBERS, endocrine tissue, and blood vessels in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal circulation provides the mechanism for hypothalamic neuroendocrine (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) regulation of pituitary function and the release of various PITUITARY HORMONES into the systemic circulation to maintain HOMEOSTASIS.Serotonin: A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.Therapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate: A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by affinity for N-methyl-D-aspartate. NMDA receptors have an allosteric binding site for glycine which must be occupied for the channel to open efficiently and a site within the channel itself to which magnesium ions bind in a voltage-dependent manner. The positive voltage dependence of channel conductance and the high permeability of the conducting channel to calcium ions (as well as to monovalent cations) are important in excitotoxicity and neuronal plasticity.Pituitary-Adrenal System: The interactions between the anterior pituitary and adrenal glands, in which corticotropin (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal cortex and adrenal cortical hormones suppress the production of corticotropin by the anterior pituitary.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Resilience, Psychological: The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate excitatory amino acid receptors, thereby blocking the actions of agonists.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate: Cell surface proteins that bind glutamate and act through G-proteins to influence second messenger systems. Several types of metabotropic glutamate receptors have been cloned. They differ in pharmacology, distribution, and mechanisms of action.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Apathy: Lack of emotion or emotional expression; a disorder of motivation that persists over time.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A: A serotonin receptor subtype found distributed through the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM where they are involved in neuroendocrine regulation of ACTH secretion. The fact that this serotonin receptor subtype is particularly sensitive to SEROTONIN RECEPTOR AGONISTS such as BUSPIRONE suggests its role in the modulation of ANXIETY and DEPRESSION.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Patch-Clamp Techniques: An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.Sick Role: Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.WashingtonAging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Mental Status Schedule: Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.Receptors, AMPA: A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by their affinity for the agonist AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid).Social Isolation: The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Guilt: Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.Presynaptic Terminals: The distal terminations of axons which are specialized for the release of neurotransmitters. Also included are varicosities along the course of axons which have similar specializations and also release transmitters. Presynaptic terminals in both the central and peripheral nervous systems are included.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Fibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Homebound Persons: Those unable to leave home without exceptional effort and support; patients (in this condition) who are provided with or are eligible for home health services, including medical treatment and personal care. Persons are considered homebound even if they may be infrequently and briefly absent from home if these absences do not indicate an ability to receive health care in a professional's office or health care facility. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p309)Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.
Nickel-metal hydride battery
"Voltage Depression ("Memory Effect")". Duracell.com. Procter & Gamble. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved ... Voltage depression (often mistakenly attributed to the memory effect) from repeated partial discharge can occur, but is ... NiMH batteries self discharge about three times faster at 40 °C than at 20 °C. Age also affects self-discharge. Older battery ...
Health effects of tobacco
Hall SM, Muñoz RF, Reus VI, Sees KL (October 1993). "Nicotine, negative affect, and depression". Journal of Consulting and ... Smoking most commonly leads to diseases affecting the heart and lungs and will most commonly affect areas such as hands or feet ... There exists a possibility of depression in some who attempt cessation, as with other psychoactive substances. Depression is ... "How Does Smoking Affect the Heart and Blood Vessels?". NHLBI. Retrieved 9 September 2015.. ...
Treatment of mental disorders
"Alternative Treatments for Depression". WebMD. Retrieved 2017-08-08.. *^ "The Placebo Effect: What Is It?". WebMD. Retrieved ... The most severe side effect of antipsychotics is agranulocytosis, a depression of white blood cell count with unknown cause, ... "What Medications Help to Treat Depression?". Healthline. Retrieved 2017-08-07.. *^ "List of Anxiolytics, sedatives, and ... "Depression Treatment: Therapy, Medication, and Lifestyle Changes That Can Help". www.helpguide.org. Retrieved 2017-08-08.. ...
Cancer side effectEdit. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2010) ... "Depression Due to A General Medical Condition," and Antidepressant Drugs". Cytokines, Stress, and Depression. Advances in ... Such illness responses include lethargy, depression, anxiety, malaise, loss of appetite, sleepiness, hyperalgesia, ... DepressionEdit. It has been proposed that major depressive disorder is nearly identical with sickness behavior, raising the ...
Respiratory depression is subject to ceiling effect. Levorphanol. Comes in tartrate salt form; fairly insoluble in water (1 in ... The effect of tolerance means that frequent use of the drug may result in its diminished effect. When safe to do so, the dosage ... As per codeine, respiratory effects are subject to a ceiling effect. Codeine. Comes in free form, hydrochloride salt, sulfate ... Major depression; generalised anxiety disorder; neuropathic pain.. Anticholinergic effects, GI effects, yawning, sweating, ...
"Effect of nutrient intake on premenstrual depression". American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 161 (5): 1228-1234. doi: ... A number of factors affect whether dieting will affect these menstrual processes: age, weight loss and the diet itself. First, ... A woman's fertility is also affected by her age. As a woman's total egg supply is formed in fetal life, to be ovulated ... Estrogen levels may affect thyroid behavior. For example, during the luteal phase (when estrogen levels are lower), the ...
Stewart JW, Deliyannides DA, McGrath PJ (June 2014). "How treatable is refractory depression?". J. Affect. Disord. 167: 148-152 ... Duration of effect varies depending on agent and urine pH. Excretion is enhanced in more acidic urine. Half-life is 7 to 34 ... This effect can be useful in treating bed wetting and loss of bladder control. The effects of amphetamine on the ... The lack of effect of administration of neomycin to one patient indicates that the hydroxylation occurs in body tissues. ... a ...
Stewart JW, Deliyannides DA, McGrath PJ (June 2014). "How treatable is refractory depression?". J. Affect. Disord. 167: 148-152 ... Duration of effect varies depending on agent and urine pH. Excretion is enhanced in more acidic urine. Half-life is 7 to 34 ... This effect can be useful in treating bed wetting and loss of bladder control. The effects of amphetamine on the ... Due to the effect pH has on absorption, amphetamine also interacts with gastric acid reducers such as proton pump inhibitors ...
Social comparison theory
Gibbons, F. X. (1986). "Social comparison and depression: Company's effect on misery". Journal of Personality and Social ... Affect/mood and its effect on social comparison. Individuals who have a negative mood improve their mood by making upward ... Suls, J.; Martin, R.; Wheeler, L. (2002). "Social comparison: Why, with whom, and with what effect?". Current Directions in ... Self-perceived similarities with role models on social media can also affect self-esteem for both men and women. Having more ...
Depression models. Further evidence of the link between the olfactory bulb and emotion and memory is shown through animal ... Odor cues are coded by neurons in the amygdala with the behavioral effect or emotion that they produce. In this way odors ... 2005). "The olfactory bulbectomised rat as a model of depression". Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 29 (4-5): 627-47. doi: ... This has led to the hypothesis that new neurons participate in learning processes. No definitive behavioral effect has been ...
In the treatment of depression the antidepressant effect often becomes evident in the first week of therapy (earlier than ... Psychotic depression, unipolar endogenous depression, melancholic depression, retarded depression, agitated depression and ... Bipolar depression. While not generally recommended as a monotherapy for bipolar depression (as with all antidepressants) in ... neurotic depression all respond to moclobemide. As does atypical depression. Unipolar endogenous depression is reported ...
Systemic lupus erythematosus
In certain regions, depression affects up to 60% of women with SLE. ... SLE, like many autoimmune diseases, affects females more frequently than males, at a rate of about 9 to 1. The X ... Rate of SLE varies between countries from 20 to 70 per 100,000. Women of childbearing age are affected about nine times more ... More than 90 percent of those affected will experience joint or muscle pain at some time during the course of their illness.[16 ...
Anatomy of an Epidemic
He also advocates that those with depression engage in exercise. Whitaker sees that children are vulnerable to being prescribed ... L. Epstein (1962). "An approach to the effect of ataraxic drugs on hospital release rates". American Journal of Psychiatry. 119 ... Silverman, C. (1968). The Epidemiology of Depression. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. p. 139. Lipinski, Jed (April 27, 2010 ... that the serotonergic hypothesis of depression and dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenia were developed to fall in line with ...
Food choice of older adults
For instance, length of widowhood may affect nutrition. As well, depression in elders is associated with a risk of malnutrition ... Vafaei, Z; Mokhtari, H; Sadooghi, Z; Meamar, R; Chitsaz, A; Moeini, M (2013). "Malnutrition is associated with depression in ... An aging adult's nutritional well-being can be affected by multiple socio-environmental factors, including access to healthy ... An individual's surroundings and health can affect what foods they choose and prefer to eat. As people get older, their bodies ...
Posterior cingulate cortex
Depression. Abnormal PCC functional connectivity has been linked to major depression, with variable results. One study ... Research on the effect of the psychedelic drug psilocybin shows that the altered state of consciousness induced by this drug ... Brodmann area 25), a region of the brain that potentially causes depression. The anterior node of the DMN is formed, in part ... The PCC is commonly affected by neurodegenerative disease. In fact, reduced metabolism in the PCC has been identified as an ...
Non-seasonal depression. Light therapy has also been suggested in the treatment of non-seasonal depression and other ... Light exposure administered to the eyes before or after the nadir of the core body temperature rhythm can affect the phase ... 1.3.2 Non-seasonal depression. *1.3.3 Circadian rhythm sleep disorders and jet lag *220.127.116.11 Chronic circadian rhythm sleep ... "Light Therapy for Depression, and Other Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder". www.sbu.se. Swedish Agency for Health ...
Depression. Ghrelin knock-out mice (who never express ghrelin) have increased anxiety in response to a variety of ... A similar effect on human memory performance is possible. In rodents, X/A-like cells produce ghrelin. ... Ghrelin has been shown to have implications for depression prevention. Antidepressant-like attributes were demonstrated when ... These mice did not exhibit depression-like behaviors when injected with a commonly prescribed antidepressant, suggesting that ...
Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale
Anorexia nervosa (differential diagnoses)
Casper, R. C. (1998). "Depression and eating disorders". Depression and Anxiety. 8: 96-104. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6394(1998)8: ... It also affects peristalsis in the stomach. Acute pandysautonomia may cause emotional instability and has been misdiagnosed as ... Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is listed as a somatoform disorder that affects up to 2% of the population. BDD is characterized ... Food avoidance emotional disorder is an eating disorder that affects children which involves a fear of eating which is not ...
History of Australia (1851-1900)
The 1890s depression (the most severe Australia had ever faced) made the inefficiencies of the six colonies seem ever more ... A relative few remained living traditional lives un-affected by Europeans at the close of the 19th century - mainly in the far ... The Great Boom could not last forever, and in 1891 it gave way to the Great Crash, a decade-long depression which created high ... The gold rushes occurred hard on the heels of a major worldwide economic depression. As a result, about two per cent of the ...
Barna, LaRay M. "HOW CULTURE SHOCK AFFECTS COMMUNICATION." Communication 5.1 (n.d.): 1-18. SocINDEX with Full Text. EBSCO.29 ... Mavrides, Gregory PhD "Culture Shock and Clinical Depression." Foreign Teachers Guide to Living and Working in China. Middle ... In the case of students studying abroad, some develop additional symptoms of loneliness that ultimately affect their lifestyles ... The affected person often finds this more surprising and difficult to deal with than the original culture shock. This ...
2002 Atlantic hurricane season
The depression never affected land. An area of unsettled weather developed between the Bahamas and Bermuda on September 6, and ... On September 4 Dolly weakened to a tropical depression, and later that day was absorbed by the trough; it never affected land. ... the system had gained sufficient organization to be a tropical depression, to the southeast of Galveston. The depression ... The depression initially tracked west-northwestward, but then curved to the north-northeast. Due to vertical wind shear, the ...
1984-85 Australian region cyclone season
1978 Pacific typhoon season
25W did not affect land. 26W followed 25W. Phyllis recurved from Japan. Tropical Depression 28 developed October 15. Three and ... Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the ... A tropical depression developed on October 31. The depression was upgraded to a tropical storm on November 2. Tess continued to ... 33 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 29 became tropical storms. 15 storms reached typhoon ...
A 2011 review found it unclear whether breastfeeding affects the risk of postpartum depression. Later reviews have found ... The protective effect of breastfeeding against obesity is consistent, though small, across many studies. A 2013 ... Some have no effect on the baby and can be used while breastfeeding. Many medications are known to significantly suppress ... Miller LJ, LaRusso EM (March 2011). "Preventing postpartum depression". The Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 34 (1): 53-65 ...
... most studies have not observed this side effect. There have also been reports in a subset of men of long-lasting depression ... Liu, L; Zhao, S; Li, F; Li, E; Kang, R; Luo, L; Luo, J; Wan, S; Zhao, Z (September 2016). "Effect of 5α-Reductase Inhibitors on ... The oral bioavailability of dutasteride is approximately 60%. Food does not adversely affect the absorption of dutasteride.[ ... Several small studies have reported an association between 5α-reductase inhibitors and depression. However, ...
Effect of iodine deficiency on thyroid hormone synthesis. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve ... Clinical depression can sometimes be caused by hypothyroidism. Some research has shown that T3 is found in the ... Kirkegaard C, Faber J (1998). "The role of thyroid hormones in depression". European Journal of Endocrinology. 138 (1): 1-9. ... They act to increase the basal metabolic rate, affect protein synthesis, help regulate long bone growth (synergy with growth ...
Ralls K, Ballou J (April 1982). "Effect of inbreeding on juvenile mortality in some small mammal species". Lab. Anim. 16 (2): ... Charlesworth D, Willis JH (2009). "The genetics of inbreeding depression". Nat. Rev. Genet. 10 (11): 783-96. doi:10.1038/ ... For instance, inbreeding was found to increase juvenile mortality in 11 small animal species. Inbreeding depression is ... Although biological activity in a model organism does not ensure an effect in humans, many drugs, treatments and cures for ...
Short-term effects of alcohol consumption
Other explanations are that this effect is at least in part the blocking effect of ethanol excitotoxicity and the effect of ... Respiratory depression (potentially life-threatening). *Decreased heart rate (usually results in coldness and/or numbness of ... Effect on different populationEdit. Based on sexEdit. Alcohol affects male and female differently because of difference in body ... Mellanby effectEdit. The Mellanby effect is the phenomenon that the behavioral impairment due to alcohol is less, at the same ...
Fulton was deeply affected by her husband's passing. Any mention of him caused her to be overwhelmed by grief; every March she ... and she suffered from depression and severe loneliness. However, through reading authors like Walt Whitman and Jefferies ... While working there she gained her interest in Asia that would later affect her choice of fieldwork as a working anthropologist ... Abram Kardiner was also affected by these ideas, and in time, the concept of "modal personality" was born: the cluster of ...
This affects the function and services of the union.. An EU case concerning Italy stated that, "The principle of trade union ... Unions have also been criticized by conservative economists and political groups for prolonging recessions and depressions due ... Unfortunately the effect is quite beyond attainment by such means. The multitudes who compose the working class are too ... "What Unions Do: How Labor Unions Affect Jobs and the Economy", The Heritage Foundation, 21/05/19, accessed 01/03/19 ...
Degen, L. "Effect of peptide YY3-36 on food intake in humans". Gastroenterology. 129: 1430-6. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.09.001 ... These include depression, food allergies, ingestion of certain chemicals, bulimia, anorexia nervosa, pituitary gland ... but there are numerous physical and psychological conditions that can affect appetite and disrupt normal eating patterns. ...
b) Placebo effect or false treatment effect - an individual receives "alternative therapy" and is convinced it will help. The ... And lastly there's the cynicism and disappointment and depression that some patients get from going on from one alternative ... The opposite of the placebo effect is the nocebo effect, when patients who expect a treatment to be harmful will perceive ... Much of the perceived effect of an alternative practice arises from a belief that it will be effective (the placebo effect), or ...
drug sensitization or reverse tolerance - the escalating effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given ... people suffering from temporal lobe epilepsy report symptoms of negative effects such as anxiety and depression that might ... Drug sensitization occurs in drug addiction, and is defined as an increased effect of drug following repeated doses (the ... tolerance - the diminishing effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given dose ...
Waxy micro- and nanostructures on the surface reduce wetting by rain and adhesion of contamination (See Lotus effect). ... Surface of leaf raised in a series of domes between the veins on the upper surface, and therefore also with marked depressions ... Marked with dots; dotted with depressions or with translucent glands or colored dots.. Rugose. Deeply wrinkled; with veins ...
Discovered Malady Affecting Pituitary dre. Was Noted Teacher and author". The New York Times. October 8, 1939. Retrieved March ... depression. *hip and shoulder weakness. *swelling of feet/legs. *diabetes mellitus ... most women affected were between the ages of 50 and 60 years. The prevalence of hypertension, and abnormalities in glucose ...
During the depression phase, the inspiratory burst changes from an augmenting bell-shaped burst to a decrementing burst, a ... but does not affect the burst frequency in CS pacemakers, unlike in CI pacemakers. Serotonergic neurons are also involved in ... the respiratory network responds by transitioning into an augmentation followed by a depression phase, controlled in the pre- ... synchronized bursts in inspiratory neurons was affected as well as communication with hypoglossal motor pools that help ...
HIV-related mortality (affected by the recent introduction of antiretrovirals) accounted for 20% of the effect. Mortality ... Those with insurance were about 10% less likely to report a diagnosis of depression. ... Not only do social norms within the state affect its determination of AFDC payment levels, but regional norms will affect a ... "Oregon Study: Medicaid 'Had No Significant Effect' On Health Outcomes vs. Being Uninsured". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2019.. ...
Globally, acne affects approximately 650 million people, or about 9.4% of the population, as of 2010. It affects nearly 90 ... There are concerns that isotretinoin is linked to adverse effects, like depression, suicidality, and anemia. There is no clear ... 633 million affected (2015). Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells ... changes in the affected person's skin pigmentation, and a cyclic worsening of the affected person's anxiety about their ...
Derocq JM, Ségui M, Blazy C, Emonds-Alt X, Le Fur G, Brelire JC, Casellas P (Dec 1996). "Effect of substance P on cytokine ... major depression and related disorders; fibromyalgia; rheumatological; and infections such as HIV/AIDS and ... To be populated re IL6, immunology of depression/anxiety, psycho-immune interface. ... "Elevated cerebrospinal fluid substance p concentrations in posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression". The American ...
Abortion - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It affects the physical heath of the woman. Physical problems[change , change source]. Abortion is safer than childbirth if it ... A study done in New Zealand in 2006 showed that many women who had an abortion developed severe depressions up to 4 years ... Few studies have been done to see if an abortion affects the woman psychologically, or mentally. Those that have been done give ... It affects the mental health of the woman. * ...
The diseases and parasites that affect octopuses have been little studied, but cephalopods are known to be the intermediate or ... which has a spoon-shaped depression and modified suckers near the tip. In most species, fertilisation occurs in the mantle ... Editing is concentrated in the nervous system and affects proteins involved in neural excitability and neuronal morphology. ...
Joseph Taylor Robinson
... of androgens has a positive effect on preadolescent hippocampal neurogenesis that may be linked with lower depression-like ... A Brdu analysis showed that excess testosterone did not increase this blocking effect against social isolation; that is, the ... In preadolescent male rats, neonatal rats treated with flutamide developed more depression-like symptoms compared to control ... Social isolation has a hindering effect in AHN whereas normal regulation of androgens increases AHN. A study using male rats ...
An effect of the instability of an odd number of either type of nucleons is that odd-numbered elements, such as the alkali ... manic-depression) in daily doses of about 0.5 to 2 grams, although there are side-effects. Excessive ingestion of lithium ... The atomic radii of the alkali metals increase going down the group. Because of the shielding effect, when an atom has more ... This effect becomes drastically weaker for the larger sodium and potassium, allowing them to form the less stable peroxides. ...
... and demonstrated that it can be used in humans alongside opioid drugs to reduce this side effect without affecting analgesia. ... 1] Ren J, Ding X, Funk GD, Greer JJ (June 2009). "Ampakine CX717 protects against fentanyl-induced respiratory depression and ... It affects the neurotransmitter glutamate, with trials showing the drug improves cognitive functioning and memory. In 2005 the ... "continue its plans to develop CX717 for the acute treatment of respiratory depression (RD) and continue its study of CX717 in ...
The brain is divided into 4 lobes and each lobe or area has its own function. A tumor in any of these lobes may affect ... and even psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety. ... Brain stem: Tumors on this can affect blood pressure, swallowing, and heartbeat. ... The amount of radiotherapy depends on the size of the area of the brain affected by cancer. Conventional external beam "whole- ...
Ayub M, Levell MJ (August 1989). "The effect of ketoconazole related imidazole drugs and antiandrogens on [3H] R 1881 binding ... depression, fatigue, anemia, and decreased semen/ejaculate volume in males. Conversely, the side effects of selective AR ... which is likely because activation of the AR in the liver has the opposite effect of estrogen and suppresses production of SHBG ... Because 5α-reductase inhibitors selectively prevent the formation of DHT and do not affect testosterone levels, and because DHT ...
Bengal famine of 1943
From the late nineteenth century through the Great Depression, social and economic forces exerted a harmful effect on the ... and specifically stressed the effect upon Calcutta and the potential effect on the morale of European troops. The cabinet again ... The famine also affected the neighbouring province of Orissa, albeit to a far smaller degree. Orissa was hit by a cyclone on ... In late 1942 Bengal was affected by a series of natural disasters. First, the winter rice crop was afflicted by a severe ...
Occupational health psychology
Depression. Main article: Major depressive disorder. Using data from the ECA study, Eaton, Anthony, Mandel, and Garrison ... Research has suggested that job loss adversely affects cardiovascular health as well as health in general. ... The main purpose of OHP research is to understand how working conditions affect worker health, use that knowledge to design ... Andersson, L. M., & Pearson, C. M. (1999). Tit for tat? The spiraling effect of incivility in the workplace. Academy of ...
Lynch M (1991). "The Genetic Interpretation of Inbreeding Depression and Outbreeding Depression". Evolution; International ... This is called the founder effect. In the well established breeds, that are commonly bred, a large gene pool is present. For ... Peer K, Taborsky M (February 2005). "Outbreeding depression, but no inbreeding depression in haplodiploid Ambrosia beetles with ... Inbreeding depression can also occur in a large population if individuals tend to mate with their relatives, instead of mating ...
GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulator
Depression. GABA ergic hypothesis for depression has been proposed. This hypothesis places the GABA system in a central ... Selye H (1 January 1941). "Anesthetic Effect of Steroid Hormones". Experimental Biology and Medicine. 46 (1): 116-121. doi: ... GABAA PAMs increase the effect of GABA by making the channel open more frequently or for longer periods. However, they have no ... In the same study position 2´ was found to be the second-most important in affecting the affinity, but the group in that ...
... so I affect my future", whereas fatalism is more like "my choices have causes, but no effect - I am powerless". Fatalism, then ... Overall brain health, substance dependence, depression, and various personality disorders clearly influence mental activity, ... The affected limb effectively demonstrates 'a will of its own.' The sense of agency does not emerge in conjunction with the ... The view of scientific determinism goes back to Laplace: "We ought to regard the present state of the universe as the effect of ...
Sex reassignment surgery
The stimulant effect of the plant was originally attributed to "katin", cathine, a phenethylamine-type substance isolated from ... depression:10. *infrequent hallucinations:10. *impaired inhibition (similar to alcohol):10 ... It is unclear if the consumption of khat directly affects the mental health of the user or not. Occasionally, a psychotic ... Europeans used to stronger stimulants, are little affected by the use of kat, but among the more temperate Arabs it is so ...
Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This would have limited him to being elected only one time, but he was not affected since the amendment did not affect the ... Roosevelt was president through the Great Depression of the 1930s and almost all of World War II. He held approval ratings in ... People affectedEdit. Harry S Truman became President because of the death of Roosevelt. He served most of Roosevelt's last term ...
The Stigma of Depression Affects Even Psychiatrists
This psychiatrist asks people to face their depression every day. But it took him a long time to talk about his own. His ... The Stigma of Depression Affects Even Psychiatrists. "I know what it feels like to be on the other side." ... How to talk about depression. Having a discussion about depression might seem worse than living with it. Theres a risk that ... Depression is constantly telling you to stay quiet. I didnt realize that I even knew how to talk. But I did-Id just forgotten ...
Postpartum depression affects more women than you think - The Washington Post
The news that Hayden Panettiere is in treatment for postpartum depression is getting a lot of attention. And, frankly, thats ... And depression is often only a part of it. What many call the joy of pregnancy and new motherhood can also be a time for ... Untreated postpartum depression can last for months or even longer. It can start right after birth, or may begin later, like 6 ... Symptoms for postpartum depression include depressed mood, anxiety and mournful feelings. Some women will say they dont feel ...
Decoded: Why depression affects sleep
... self and negative emotions are linked with depression which may... ... Why depression affects sleep - Brain areas associated with short-term memory, ... Decoded: Why depression affects sleep. Friday, 27 July 2018, 04:08 Hrs ... People with insomnia also have a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety than those who sleep normally.. The ...
Parental depression negatively affects children's school performance | EurekAlert! Science News
A study led by Drexel University researchers found that parental depression was associated with diminished school performance ... Parental depression negatively affects childrens school performance. Drexel University. Journal. JAMA Psychiatry. Keywords. * ... Depression diagnoses in a parent at any time during the childs first 16 years were determined to have some effect on the ... "There are many notable sex differences in depression, but, rather than comparing maternal versus paternal depression, we should ...
How Vitamin D Affects Depression - Prevention - Depression | HealthCentral
So does depression cause or contribute to Vitamin D deficiency, or does Vitamin D deficiency cause or contribute to depression ... Deborah Gray wrote about depression as a Patient Expert for HealthCentral. She lived with undiagnosed clinical depression, both ... Low Vitamin D tied to Depression in Older People. High Does of Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Depression. Vitamin D: Vital Role in ... Regarding depression specifically, there has been one study that demonstrates a possible link between intake of Vitamin D from ...
Stress, depression may affect cancer survival - CNN
Stress, depression may affect cancer survival. By Amanda Enayati, Special to CNN ... Given that stress management can be difficult even under ordinary circumstances, elevated feelings of anxiety and depression in ... A study finds depression symptoms are associated with increased risk of death ... the next step is to conduct clinical trials by taking a population of cancer patients who meet the criteria for depression and ...
Anxiety And Depression Affect Sick Leave - Redorbit
According to the researchers, mental disorders like anxiety and depression will affect one in three people at least once in ... In effect, some participants with common mental disorders had many episodes of sick leave during the follow-up period. ... These are just a few factors that may affect a worker´s decision to take sick leave. Working with Australian and British ... Those who have both anxiety and depression have the highest risk of having prolonged risk leave. Lastly, the study also states ...
Depression may affect heart health
Researchers have found that heart patients may be at increased risk of further attacks if they suffer from depression and ... Patients with depression were also more likely to have repeated heart problems. Those with depression and anxiety had a 26 per ... Researchers have found that heart patients may be at increased risk of further attacks if they suffer from depression and ... Now that we know that anxiety and major depression are both markers of increased cardiac risk, it is imperative that these ...
Large gender gap in first-onset depression disproportionately affects adolescent girls
Depression in adolescence is even more common than previous estimates indicated and girls experience more depression than boys ... Large gender gap in first-onset depression disproportionately affects adolescent girls. Published Thursday 1 June 2017 ... 2017, June 1). "Large gender gap in first-onset depression disproportionately affects adolescent girls." Medical News Today. ... "Large gender gap in first-onset depression disproportionately affects adolescent girls." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl ...
Depression affects stomach, anxiety the skin - SWI swissinfo.ch
The results, published on Thursday in the journal PLOS One,external link found that affective disorders such as depression were ... Up to 7%external link of young people are estimated to have depression in Switzerland. ... with arthritis and stomach problems being more common after depression and anxiety leading to skin diseases. ...
Depression Drug's Side Effect Has Users Aroused - latimes
A drug used for the treatment of depression seems to have a remarkable effect on some people who take it: When they yawn, they ... A drug used for the treatment of depression seems to have a remarkable effect on some people who take it: When they yawn, they ... The "yawngasm" effect is no doubt quite a boost to the antidepressant qualities of the drug, clomipramine (marketed under the ... The celebrated side effect underscores an important fact about the medicines we take: Although patients and even doctors often ...
How did the Great Depression affect Americans
How did unequal distribution of income affect the Great Depression?. the unequal distribution of income affected the great ... What effect did the Great Depression have on minority groups such as Mexican and African Americans?. ... How were people in Alabama affected by the Great Depression?. many African Americans were discriminated in Alabama during the ... Hoover was alive during the great depression. He was rich enough that it did not personally affect his way of life. ...
How seasons affect postnatal depression risk
Women who give birth in the winter are less likely to suffer postnatal depression, study shows. Longer pregnancies were also ... Postnatal depression: What you need to know Postnatal depression (PND) can range from a mild period of mood disturbance ... A separate study has also shown that men can also suffer with PND, with one in 25 new fathers suffering depression in the first ... He added that, while it remains unclear why giving birth in winter or spring should have a positive effect, it could be linked ...
Depression Affects 1 in 10 People | Curriki
... affecting one in ten people at some stage in their life. ... Doctor Abraham Zangen explains that clinical depression is ... Depression Affects 1 in 10 People. Website Address:https://www.curriki.org/oer/Depression-Affects-1-in-10-People-255357 ... Doctor Abraham Zangen explains that clinical depression is extremely common, affecting one in ten people at some stage in their ... Doctor Abraham Zangen explains that clinical depression is extremely common, affecting one in ten people at some stage in their ...
Treating Depression: Is there a placebo effect? - CBS News
Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk-Taking? | NBER
Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk-Taking? Ulrike Malmendier & Stefan Nagel ... "Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk Taking?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University ... as often suggested for the generation that experienced the Great Depression. Using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances ...
Treating Depression: Is there a placebo effect? - CBS News
A Harvard scientist says the drugs used to treat depression are effective, but for many, its not the active ingredient thats ... Treating Depression: Is there a placebo effect?. A Harvard scientist says the drugs used to treat depression are effective, but ... Its largely the placebo effect.. Irving Kirschs specialty has been the study of the placebo effect: the taking of a dummy ... But how much good is the medication itself doing? "The difference between the effect of a placebo and the effect of an ...
Postpartum depression could affect fathers as well | The Star
Although studies show that untreated maternal depression can affect mother-and-baby bonding, paternal depression can also ... For women, postpartum depression is the No. 1 complication of childbirth, affecting 10 to 15 per cent of new mothers each year ... Although PPD mostly affects new mothers, recent studies have found that men might also suffer from the illness. And, according ... "Postpartum depression in men is not so easy to spot," says Will Courtenay, a psychotherapist in Oakland, Calif., who diagnoses ...
Flipboard: Depression Can Affect New Fathers, Too
Men who are expecting a child or whose partner has recently had a baby may experience depression just as women sometimes do, ... Depression Can Affect New Fathers, Too. Live Science - Christopher Wanjek. Men who are expecting a child or whose partner has ... recently had a baby may experience depression just as women sometimes do, according to a new study. … ...
Adolescent Depression - Causes - Affects - Depressed Teens - Treatment - FAQs
Adolescent depression is an ailment that occurs during the teenage characterized by persistent melancholy, disappointment and ... Teens suffering from psychotic depressions may report hallucinations.. Some common symptoms of teen depression may be the ... parents should check their adolescent child if there is any sign of depression. depression is a serious matter so the earlier ... Depression in adolescents is in many ways quite similar to that of adults. The DSM-IV manual also cites the criteria for ...
How depression affects your thinking skills - Harvard Health
... one of the first signs of depression in people ages 70 or older is a change in thinking. This may show up as trouble with ... How depression affects your thinking skills. Dont assume age is to blame for changes in memory, attention, and decision making ... Depression has a way of sucking the joy and meaning from life. Chronic feelings of hopelessness, apathy, or despair are part of ... But depression can be sneaky, causing subtle changes in thinking skills that you may not attribute to the condition. "Very ...
Factors that affect depression risk | National Institutes of Health (NIH)
... daily lives suggested that getting enough social support and limiting how much media you use may help prevent depression. ... Factors that affect depression risk At a Glance. *Researchers screened more than 100 diverse factors in peoples daily lives ... The team applied a novel, two-stage approach to identify factors that can affect the risk of developing depression. In the ... Confiding in others appeared to have the strongest protective effect on depression across all three groups. Visiting with ...
Placebo Effect in Depression Treatment | National Institutes of Health (NIH)
People with depression who benefited from a placebo showed signature changes in the brain and also responded better to ... Placebo Effect in Depression Treatment. At a Glance. *People with depression who benefited from a placebo showed signature ... "These results suggest that some people are more responsive to the intention to treat their depression, and may do better if ... Placebo Effect. References: Association Between Placebo-Activated Neural Systems and Antidepressant Responses: Neurochemistry ...
Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk Taking?
... as often suggested for the generation that experienced the Great Depression. Using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances ... We investigate whether individual experiences of macroeconomic shocks affect financial risk taking, ... "Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk-Taking?," NBER Working Papers 14813, National Bureau of Economic ... "Depression Babies: Do Macroeconomic Experiences Affect Risk Taking?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University ...
Brain's hippocampal volume, social environment affect adolescent depression | EurekAlert! Science News
... susceptible to feelings of depression depending on how unsafe -- or conversely -- protected they felt in their home and ... Research on depression in adolescents in recent years has focused on how the physical brain and social experiences interact. A ... brain%E2%80%99s-hippocampal-volume-social-environment-affect-adolescent-depression More in Biology. * New danger for corals in ... Brains hippocampal volume, social environment affect adolescent depression. University of California - Davis ...
Underpaid, But Employed: How the Great Depression Affected Working Women - HISTORY
More women entered the work force during the economic devastation of the Great Depression, but the jobs they took were ... Underpaid, But Employed: How the Great Depression Affected Working Women. More women entered the work force during the ... READ MORE: Last Hired, First Fired: How the Great Depression Affected African Americans ... But the Great Depression drove women to find work with a renewed sense of urgency as thousands of men who were once family ...
How Depression Affects Sleep - HealthiNation
In this video, learn strategies to combat depression-related fatigue. ... Research has long shown a link between sleep and depression. ... How Depression Affects Sleep (and What You Can Do About It). ... True Champions Depression: Depression Marathon. As an advocate for living with depression, LaRee Etter discusses the evolution ... True Champions Depression: Depression Marathon. As an advocate for living with depression, LaRee Etter discusses the evolution ...
How Depression Affects your Body
General Depression. Brief periods of depression affect just about everyone at some point in time. It may consist of a variety ... If left unchecked, depression can be damaging to your physical well-being as it affects the heart and the immune system and can ... Post partum depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that begins after childbirth and usually lasts beyond six ... Depression and Blood Glucose. Various studies have found a direct link between depression and hyperglycemia, a condition where ...
Severity of Depression Affected by Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic syndrome affects severity and drug resistance in depression. ... Older adults with metabolic syndrome may be more resistant to depression treatments. ... Clinical Depression. Clinical Depression is a serious medical condition that affects majority of people at some point in their ... Depression. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders affecting approximately 340 million people in the world. No ...
How Your Mind Affects Sleep Even with Insomnia from Anxiety, Depression - Sleep Disorders
How Your Mind Affects Sleep Even with Insomnia from Anxiety, Depression. Martin ReedPatient Advocate. July 16, 2017. ... Beck depression inventory. The results. The study found that those in the insomnia with depression and insomnia with both ... www.healthcentral.com/article/how-your-mind-affects-sleep-even-with-insomnia-from-anxiety-depression. ... We already know that how we think and behave toward sleep affects how well we actually sleep. However, although a number of ...
Symptoms of depressionClinicalPhysicalMedicationsAdultsBrainSerotoninTreatmentDisorderOccurDepressiveMajorDepressed moodResearchersClinical depressionSufferGreat depression20162017OutcomesStressAnxiety and Depression Association of AmericaMaternalStudyIllnessesPostnatal depressionAdolescent depressionAdolescentsPeopleSadnessAntidepressantRisk for depressionSigns of depressionMothersParticipantsBehavioralDepressive symptomsNeurotransmittersHospital Anxiety and Depression ScalePersistentFindingsAdverselyMaking untreated depressionMedicationScaleTreat depressionPregnancyUnipolarCognition and depressionPrevalence of depressionMedications with depression as a potentialPoorer2020FathersDiagnosisFoundPreventionChild'sCommon symptom of depressionPsychotherapyPsychiatristsPeriods of depressionBaselinePlacebo effect
Symptoms of depression2
- In other words, depression can lead to death -- either through suicide or more often by increasing the severity of physical conditions such as cardiac disease. (caring.com)
- But treatment is available and it does work, and by treating the depression, the physical health of an older adult also improves. (caring.com)
- major depression among older adults receiving home healthcare services is about 13 percent. (caring.com)
- An estimated additional 5 million older adults have what may be defined as minor depression. (caring.com)
- Depression for older adults has serious consequences, including the fact that 16 percent of all suicides in the U.S. are by older adults. (caring.com)
- The biggest misconception is that depression is a normal part of aging, and for this reason, many older adults do not seek out medical care for their depression. (caring.com)
- Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD, is an actual type of depression. (brighthub.com)
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression that cycles with the seasons. (agingcare.com)
- For those affected, the first bout of seasonal affective disorder can actually be experienced earlier as autumn sets in, said Dr. Norman Rosenthal, the psychiatrist who first described the disorder, in an article for Today. (thelantern.com)
- According to the researchers, about 75 per cent of people with depression report significant levels of sleep disturbance, such as difficulty of falling asleep and short duration of sleep -- also known as insomnia. (siliconindia.com)
- Working with Australian and British researchers, investigators at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health found that anxiety and depression can heighten the risk of sick leave. (redorbit.com)
- According to the researchers, mental disorders like anxiety and depression will affect one in three people at least once in their lifetime. (redorbit.com)
- The researchers utilized the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to measure common mental disorders. (redorbit.com)
- Researchers have found that heart patients may be at increased risk of further attacks if they suffer from depression and anxiety. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- One woman in a Canadian study of the drug's "unusual" side effect asked, according to researchers, "how long she would be 'allowed' to take the drug. (latimes.com)
- With the kind of wry understatement rarely seen in medical literature, the researchers concluded that the side effect "can influence patient-compliance with the prescribed medication regimen. (latimes.com)
- Researchers have noted that the hormone ACTH (a pituitary hormone that stimulates steroid production) induces stretching and yawning--as well as spontaneous erections and ejaculation--when injected into the cerebrospinal fluid of mammals, and so might be somehow involved in the effect. (latimes.com)
- Researchers screened more than 100 diverse factors in people's daily lives for links to depression. (nih.gov)
- The researchers found 18 factors linked with lower chances of depression and 11 with higher chances. (nih.gov)
- The researchers found that the participants reported significant decreases in depression symptoms when they took the active placebo, compared to when they took the inactive placebo. (nih.gov)
- Researchers monitored youth for self-reported depression symptoms, looking at students' exposure to family connectedness -- centered inside the home. (eurekalert.org)
- The researchers said that older adults with Metabolic Syndrome may be an important group of people for healthcare providers to pay close attention to when screening for and treating depression. (medindia.net)
- Researchers note that although those suffering from comorbid insomnia may have been more likely to report negative sleep beliefs due to the negative thinking that is associated with depression and anxiety, this alone can't explain the big difference in scores extracted from the dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep scale, according to study authors. (healthcentral.com)
- The crucial new aspect of the meta-analysis is that it is the first time researchers can be so certain of the effect of treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs. (news-medical.net)
- The researchers used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale to assess the mothers' levels of depression and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development to assess cognitive and language development in their children. (drugs.com)
- The evidence of ketamine's rapid antidepressant effect is overwhelming, with researchers often saying this discovery is the most important medical breakthrough in over 50 years. (scienceblog.com)
- There is strong evidence that depression has a genetic foundation and researchers have found a particular variant, often referred to as the depression gene, which may increase the chances that a person will suffer. (emaxhealth.com)
- However, researchers from the University of Michigan say that although they have found more evidence of the gene's existence, the effect is probably pretty small. (emaxhealth.com)
- Researchers believe that an imbalance in serotonin levels leads to depression. (emaxhealth.com)
- Researchers are now taking a serious look at the impact of a diet for depression as an additional form of treatment, and the results have shown the undeniable positive impact of food on mood. (emaxhealth.com)
- The researchers found that 7.6 percent of the 26,192 adults reported depression. (drugs.com)
- In a rare and modest success reported last year, researchers turned up two places in the human DNA that appear to harbour genes affecting risk in a Han Chinese population. (globalnews.ca)
- A study by Canadian researchers examined the prevalence of maternal depression and its impact on children newly diagnosed with epilepsy. (healthcanal.com)
- To determine the prevalence of maternal depression, researchers surveyed 339 mothers whose children were part of the Health-related Quality of Life of Children with Epilepsy Study (HERQULES). (healthcanal.com)
- Researchers don't yet know exactly what causes attention problems in people with depression, but there is a correlation between the two. (neurosciencenews.com)
- In 2013 , researchers discovered that people with depression had trouble identifying objects that were identical or similar to objects they had just seen. (neurosciencenews.com)
- When researchers in the UK exposed depressed adolescents to happy or sad words and imaged their brains, they found that depression has different effects on the brain activity of male and female patients in certain brain regions. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Box plots depicted estimated marginal means of the percent signal changes extracted from the regions showing significant sex effect in the supramarginal gyrus (A), and a group-by-sex interaction in the supramarginal gyrus, precuneus cortex, lateral occipital cortex, and the posterior cingulate cortex (B). NeuroscienceNews.com image is credited to the researchers/Frontiers. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Despite this, so far, most researchers have focused on depression in women, likely because it is more common. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Higher depression burden was associated with faster declines in global neurocognitive functioning from baseline to last visit," comment the researchers. (aidsmap.com)
- Decline in cognitive function was also more pronounced in the medium depression group compared to the low depression group, but this difference fell just short of the test used by the researchers to assess statistical significance (p = 0.057). (aidsmap.com)
- The researchers identified more than 200 prescription drugs that have the potential to contribute to depression, and most of them are commonly prescribed. (baptisthealth.net)
- Researchers from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, found that treatment guidelines recommending either evidence-based psychotherapy or antidepressant medication for nonpsychotic major depression can be effective in treatment-naive patients, regardless of treatment preferences. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
- The researchers then examined the change in participants' scores on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), which was administered by raters who were blinded to treatment. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
- But over the past decade, the drug's enormous potential in the treatment of mental health issues has become a focus for researchers and psychiatrists trying to come up with a solution to severe depression where currently available medications have failed. (wearechange.org)
- She lived with undiagnosed clinical depression, both major episodes and dysthymia, from childhood through young adulthood. (healthcentral.com)
- Doctor Abraham Zangen explains that clinical depression is extremely common, affecting one in ten people at some stage in their life. (curriki.org)
- Clinical Depression is a serious medical condition that affects majority of people at some point in their lives. (medindia.net)
- Symptoms of clinical depression include sleep disorder, loss of appetite. (medindia.net)
- Although many studies strongly support the existence of a "depression gene", Dr. Sen says that having the genetic variant probably only accounts for about 5 to 7 percent of one's likelihood of developing clinical depression. (emaxhealth.com)
- How might appearance and affect change in patients with major depressive disorder (clinical depression)? (medscape.com)
- Even now, three years after he was diagnosed with clinical depression at age 11, he still struggles. (pjstar.com)
- Risk for clinical depression is common among mothers of children with new-onset epilepsy," said Mr. Mark Ferro, a PhD candidate in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics from The University of Western Ontario and lead study author. (healthcanal.com)
- It's probably not the first place you'd go to find relief from severe clinical depression, but the psychedelic party drug ketamine has revealed itself to be something of a 'miracle drug', performing far more quickly and effectively than traditional antidepressants and mood stabilisers. (wearechange.org)
- Since we found that many more adolescents go through periods of depression than previously thought, it is important that we find ways to identify those individuals most likely to suffer the most severe consequences to make sure they are prioritized for treatment," said Joshua Breslau, Ph.D., Sc.D., researcher at the RAND Corporation and lead author of the study. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- A study has shown that women who give birth in the winter and early spring - when the days are dark and the nights long - are less likely to suffer from postnatal depression than mothers who have babies at other times of the year. (womansday.com)
- It was also concluded that women who gave birth early were more likely to suffer from the so-called 'baby blues', with other factors like length of pregnancy, whether or not an epidural was received and body mass index (BMI) also having an effect. (womansday.com)
- A separate study has also shown that men can also suffer with PND , with one in 25 new fathers suffering depression in the first few months following birth. (womansday.com)
- Although PPD mostly affects new mothers, recent studies have found that men might also suffer from the illness. (thestar.com)
- Depression and cardiovascular disease are interlinked, with research showing that 15 percent of patients who suffer from a cardiovascular disease and 20 percent of patients who have undergone heart bypass surgery likely to have a major depression. (psyweb.com)
- Individuals suffering from depression also suffer from irregular sleep patterns, which worsen the risk of contracting cardiovascular complications and heart attack. (psyweb.com)
- Depression is a common disorder and many worldwide suffer from depression. (medindia.net)
- As many as 67 to 84 percent of those living with depression also suffer with sleep disturbance , and two out of three individuals with generalized anxiety disorder report at least one type of sleep disorder. (healthcentral.com)
- The distressed person becomes trapped in a vicious cycle and many who seek treatment for substance abuse also suffer from underlying depression. (opposingviews.com)
- Up to 15 per cent of the Danish population can expect to suffer from depression at some point in their lives. (news-medical.net)
- Genetic research may help pharmaceutical makers develop a better drug to help those who suffer from depression due to this gene mutation. (emaxhealth.com)
- And, sadly, women are more prone to suffer from depression than men. (bustle.com)
- According to the World Health Organization, more than 350 million people suffer from depression worldwide . (bustle.com)
- People who don't suffer from depression can't fully grasp that sometimes you don't have a reason for why you're feeling the way you're feeling, so it can make the person with depression feel like it's pointless to even try to communicate their problems ― and we all know how important communication is to a relationship. (bustle.com)
- Many people who suffer from depression may also have been diagnosed with another mental health disorder, including attention deficit disorder (ADD). (neurosciencenews.com)
- If you suffer from depression-related attention problems, you may have trouble focusing on one task long enough to complete it. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Men and women appear to suffer from depression differently, and this is particularly striking in adolescents. (neurosciencenews.com)
- By 15 years of age, girls are twice as likely to suffer from depression as boys. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Men are more liable to suffer from persistent depression, whereas in women depression tends to be more episodic," explains Jie-Yu Chuang, a researcher at the University of Cambridge, and an author on the study, which was recently published in Frontiers in Psychiatry . (neurosciencenews.com)
- Compared with women, depressed men are also more likely to suffer serious consequences from their depression, such as substance abuse and suicide. (neurosciencenews.com)
- CAPT. Hibbeln, M.D., shares why you should consume omega-3 fatty acids if you suffer from depression and discusses optimal intake levels. (empowher.com)
- One study found that compared to those who do not suffer from depression, those with major depression had a 13% larger amygdala volume. (bhpalmbeach.com)
- How did the Great Depression affect Americans? (answers.com)
- Who did the Great Depression affect? (answers.com)
- The Great Depression affected all the Americans. (answers.com)
- How did the Great Depression affect African Americans and woman? (answers.com)
- What did some Americans question during the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- How did the great depression affect Mexican Americans? (answers.com)
- How did the Great Depression affect Belize? (answers.com)
- How were people in Alabama affected by the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- How many people died in the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- About 12 million Americans died as a result of the Great Depression. (answers.com)
- How did the Great Depression affect the lives of urban and rural Americans? (answers.com)
- The Great depression effected Urban and rural communities because the prices got raised, unemployment, droughts and high taxes. (answers.com)
- Most countries in the world got effected by The Great Depression, but Japan Did not get effected strongly. (answers.com)
- The Great Depression lasted about ten years. (answers.com)
- My Grandpa was in the great depression, and yours too! (answers.com)
- How did The Great Depression affect adults? (answers.com)
- Is there anyone their who lived during the great depression? (answers.com)
- What was the homeless rate during the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- the homeless rate during the great depression was nearly 25 percent of Americans. (answers.com)
- What effect did the Great Depression have on minority groups such as Mexican and African Americans? (answers.com)
- discriminatory practices worsened during the great depression. (answers.com)
- Why did Americans turn to the government for aid in the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- Americans turned to the government for aid in the great depression because many people didnt have jobs, and were going poor and hungry. (answers.com)
- What do most Americans blame the great depression on? (answers.com)
- How did Americans respond psychologically to the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- Who where the migrant workers in the great depression? (answers.com)
- How did the the Great Depression affect the US during world war 2? (answers.com)
- World War II created thousands of jobs for Americans and lots of business opportunities, so the Great Depression was actually ended by the war. (answers.com)
- In what ways did the great depression affect people's outlook? (answers.com)
- How did unequal distribution of income affect the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- the unequal distribution of income affected the great depression because while the rich got richer the poor become poorer. (answers.com)
- Did the Great Depression affect mutual funds? (answers.com)
- Was president Hoover in the Great Depression? (answers.com)
- Hoover was alive during the great depression. (answers.com)
- How did the Great Depression affect literature? (answers.com)
- How did eugene talmadge affect the great depression? (answers.com)
- We investigate whether individuals' experiences of macro-economic outcomes have long-term effects on their risk attitudes, as often suggested for the generation that experienced the Great Depression. (nber.org)
- We investigate whether individual experiences of macroeconomic shocks affect financial risk taking, as often suggested for the generation that experienced the Great Depression. (repec.org)
- During the Great Depression , millions of Americans lost their jobs in the wake of the 1929 Stock Market Crash . (history.com)
- But the Great Depression drove women to find work with a renewed sense of urgency as thousands of men who were once family breadwinners lost their jobs. (history.com)
- Women during the Great Depression had a strong advocate in First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt . (history.com)
- Over 25 percent of the National Recovery Administration's wage codes set lower wages for women, according to T.H. Watkin's The Great Depression: America in the 1930s . (history.com)
- While no group escaped the economic devastation of the Great Depression, few suffered more than African Americans, who experienced the highest unemployment rate during the 1930s. (history.com)
- Lasting from 1929 to 1939, the Great Depression was the worst economic downtown in the industrialized world. (history.com)
- The Great Depression impacted African Americans for decades to come. (history.com)
- Prior to the Great Depression, African Americans worked primarily in unskilled jobs. (history.com)
- As historian Cheryl Lynn Greenberg writes in To Ask for an Equal Chance: African Americans in the Great Depression , black unemployment rates in the South were double or even triple that of the white population. (history.com)
- During the Great Depression, hundreds of thousands of African-American sharecroppers who fell into debt joined the Great Migration from the rural South to the urban North. (history.com)
- For decades prior to the Great Depression, African Americans had traditionally voted for the Republican Party , which was still seen as the party of emancipation from the days of Abraham Lincoln . (history.com)
- The Great Depression started in 1929 when the economy of the world suffered an enormous drop in output and an outrageous increase in unemployment. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression had the highest, worst and longest period of high unemployment ever recorded to date. (exampleessays.com)
- The United States has experienced short periods of depression followed by periods of prosperity, but the Great depression of the 1930's was a 10-year long nightmare. (exampleessays.com)
- 3) The core of the Great Depression can be traced back to the New York Stock Exchange, and the year 1929. (exampleessays.com)
- This crash led us into The Great Depression. (exampleessays.com)
- The main problem that caused The Great Depression was unemployment. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression has greatly impacted the American society. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great depression was indirectly caused and ended by two different wars. (exampleessays.com)
- The paper identifies the causes of the Great Depression of 1929 and the financial crisis of 2008. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression of 1929 The great depression is documented to have been one of the worst economic depressions in the history of the United States. (exampleessays.com)
- Causes of the Great depression The cause of the great depression is attributed to several factors. (exampleessays.com)
- The great depression had three main factors that caused severe contraction of the economy. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression On Thursday October 24, 1929 at 10:00am the stock market bell went off at the New York Stock Exchange, stocks were plummeting down. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression did not just happen there were many factors that contributed to the depression like the United States international credit system, economic dependency, and international trade policies. (exampleessays.com)
- The great depression is a very important chapter in our history. (exampleessays.com)
- One of the most often identified causes of the Great Depression which haunted this country during the 1930s is the stock market crash of 1929. (exampleessays.com)
- The Great Depression would span the years of 1929 to 1941. (exampleessays.com)
- Check out how and a cause and pictures about great depression was a severe worldwide economic recession. (applecheekfarm.com)
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- Come join us for an insightful discussion with the co-author of A Square Meal: A Culinary History of the Great Depression, a book which The New York Times says is an "engaging and often moving cultural history. (culinaryhistorians.org)
- Andrew Coe, who wrote the book with his wife, Jane Ziegelman, will explore for us the intersection of food, politics and culture during the Great Depression, a period of seismic shifts in the country's political and social landscape. (culinaryhistorians.org)
- Research has indicated that ECT can be highly effective in alleviating symptoms of major depression (APA, 2016), yet there is evidence that it can cause short or long-term deficits in memory, for example difficulty recalling past events (retrograde amnesia) and current events (anterograde amnesia). (pocketmags.com)
- Sex differences in recent first-onset depression in an epidemiological sample of adolescents , J Breslau, S E Gilman, B D Stein, T Ruder, T Gmelin and E Miller, Translational Psychiatry , doi: 10.1038/tp.2017.105, published online 30 May 2017. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The team reviewed the medical records of 20,169 women who delivered babies between June 2015 and August 2017, and found that around 4.1% of them suffered with postnatal depression . (womansday.com)
- Effects of patient preferences on outcomes in the Predictors of Remission in Depression to Individual and Combined Treatments (PReDICT) study [published online March 24, 2017]. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
- According to Lorenzo Cohen, the next step is to conduct clinical trials by taking a population of cancer patients who meet the criteria for depression and anxiety, treating their mood disorders and seeing whether outcomes are improved, compared to a control group that does not receive the same treatment. (cnn.com)
- These depressive episodes are associated with poor outcomes - problems with school, relationships, suicide attempts - even with depression that started recently. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Secondary outcomes included the durability of response, changes in self-reports of depression, anxiety, and the proportion of responders. (scienceblog.com)
- Screening for postnatal depression is well established, although as yet we have no evidence that treatment can improve long-term outcomes for the child. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- These findings underscore the benefit of depression care to improve work outcomes and to yield a potential return on healthcare investment to employers. (nih.gov)
- In the context of HIV, depression not only has a major impact on quality of life but also is associated with poorer overall health outcomes. (aidsmap.com)
- The study examined the impact of depression severity on both long- and short-term outcomes. (aidsmap.com)
- Background Patients with acute myocardial infarction may have worse outcomes if they also have a history of depression. (cmaj.ca)
- The early management of acute myocardial infarction is known to influence outcomes, and patients with a coexisting history of depression may be treated differently in the emergency department than those without one. (cmaj.ca)
- We examined whether, according to self-report, maternal stroking over the first weeks of life modified associations between prenatal depression and physiological and behavioral outcomes in infancy, hence mimicking effects of rodent licking and grooming. (plos.org)
- Sharp H, Pickles A, Meaney M, Marshall K, Tibu F, Hill J (2012) Frequency of Infant Stroking Reported by Mothers Moderates the Effect of Prenatal Depression on Infant Behavioural and Physiological Outcomes. (plos.org)
- The results suggest that physicians should consider discussing these associations with their patients who are prescribed medications that have depression as a potential adverse effect," said authors, including Dima Mazen Qato, PharmD, MPH, PhD, Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago. (mdedge.com)
- Wilson's theory suggests that living in a neighbourhood seriously affected by poverty affects a wide range of individual outcomes, such as economic self-sufficiency, violence, drug use, low birthweight, and cognitive ability. (wikipedia.org)
- Given that stress management can be difficult even under ordinary circumstances, elevated feelings of anxiety and depression in cancer patients are certainly understandable. (cnn.com)
- Early-life stress affects the structural and functional plasticity of the medial prefrontal cortex in adolescent rats. (medindia.net)
- They also underwent a PET brain scan to measure the activity of µ-opioid receptors, which are known to be involved in emotion, stress, social rewards, and depression. (nih.gov)
- Stress and depression are always intertwined. (psyweb.com)
- Flushed Face: Due to excessive stress & depression, the person may take short, shallow breaths, the improper heart beat may also lead to flushed, red face. (newkerala.com)
- Stress and anxiety associated with depression is well known to contribute to many major illnesses. (opposingviews.com)
- The obsessive behaviors can revolve around eating, gambling, the Internet, shopping, sex, alcohol or any of a number of habits used to mask and evade stress or depression. (opposingviews.com)
- Soon the addiction becomes just another source of anxiety, stress and depression. (opposingviews.com)
- A variant to the 5-HTTLPR s allele is associated with an increased risk of developing depression under stress. (emaxhealth.com)
- Influence of life stress on depression: moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene. (medscape.com)
- Children under stress or who have experienced loss are at higher risk for depression, as are children with attention, learning, conduct or anxiety disorders, according to AACAP. (pjstar.com)
- Too much stress feels awful and makes you more susceptible to depression. (yourtango.com)
- We investigated the efficacy of Ocimum basilicum (OB) essential oils for treating depression related behavioral, biochemical and histopathological changes caused by exposure to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) in mice and to explore the mechanism underlying the pathology. (nih.gov)
- La Rocque C, Harkness KL, Bagby R (2014) The differential relation of childhood maltreatment to stress sensitization in adolescent and young adult depression. (springer.com)
- Looking for relief from anxiety, depression or stress? (adaa.org)
- Specifically, pets and therapy animals can help alleviate stress , anxiety , depression , and feelings of loneliness and social isolation . (adaa.org)
- The aim of this case-control study was to examine the effect of music on the levels of anxiety, stress, and depression experienced by patients undergoing coronary angiography, as measured by the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. (who.int)
- Some research suggests that this is also a result of increased stress levels while others think an enlarged amygdala is part of the cause of depression. (bhpalmbeach.com)
- Stress is the most common symptom of depression of any kind. (onlymyhealth.com)
- Women are known to develop depression even under the slightest signs of stress considering that they produce more sex hormones than men and the presence of progesterone makes it difficult for stress to relieve easily. (onlymyhealth.com)
- For example, stresses associated with immigration, acculturation stress, discrimination, and community violence contribute not only to depression but also to anxiety, disruptive behavioral symptoms, substance abuse, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (psychiatrictimes.com)
- For many of these patients - particularly those with severe symptoms - depression occurs in a toxic blend of high levels of anxiety, traumatic stress, impaired day-to-day functioning and significant pain and other physical symptoms, findings showed. (technologynetworks.com)
- The purpose of the current study was to examine variables affecting the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in psychiatric nurses in Saskatchewan. (rpnas.com)
- Unfortunately, some work settings perpetuate an unhealthy environment and have a greater likelihood, than others, of contributing to stress, depression and post-traumatic stress. (rpnas.com)
Anxiety and Depression Association of America1
- Although results were largely similar for maternal and paternal depression, analysis found that episodes of depression in mothers when their children were 11-16 years old appeared to have a larger effect on girls than boys. (eurekalert.org)
- Our study -- as well as many others -- supports that both maternal and paternal depression may independently and negatively influence child development," Lee said. (eurekalert.org)
- There are many notable sex differences in depression, but, rather than comparing maternal versus paternal depression, we should recognize that parental depression can have adverse consequences not just for the parents but also for their children. (eurekalert.org)
- Although studies show that untreated maternal depression can affect mother-and-baby bonding, paternal depression can also influence a child's development. (thestar.com)
- She also noted that fish oil supplements "are safe, well tolerated, and reduce risks for early preterm birth," which she said is associated with maternal depression. (drugs.com)
- There are a number of ways in which maternal depression in pregnancy may affect the child. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- These include poor maternal health behaviours, increased uterine artery resistance, 4 effects on the developing fetal HPA axis1 and an increased risk of postnatal depression. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- False positives may cause maternal anxiety and there is little evidence on the efficacy of treatments for depression in pregnancy. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- Specifically, 120 sedentary, healthy pregnant women who have a history of at least one depressive episode and/or have a maternal family history of depression will be recruited from various ObGyn clinics, psychiatry clinics, and via advertisements. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The team found that the accumulation of supportive resources for both the mother and the child with epilepsy resulted in improvement to children's health-related quality of life over time, moderating the effect of maternal depression. (healthcanal.com)
- Family function and demands partially mediated the impact of maternal depression. (healthcanal.com)
- There was a significant interaction between prenatal depression and maternal stroking in the prediction of vagal reactivity to a stressor (p = .01), and maternal reports of infant anger proneness (p = .007) and fear (p = .043). (plos.org)
- Increasing maternal depression was associated with decreasing physiological adaptability, and with increasing negative emotionality, only in the presence of low maternal stroking. (plos.org)
- Brain areas associated with short-term memory, self and negative emotions are linked with depression which may cause the patients to dwell on bad thoughts and experience poor sleep quality, suggests a study. (siliconindia.com)
- A new study has found that when parents are diagnosed with depression, it can have a significant negative impact on their children's performance at school. (eurekalert.org)
- The study posited that it could be attributed to parents and children sharing the same genes and the possibility of passing on a disposition for depression. (eurekalert.org)
- The study, "Associations of Parental Depression With Child School Performance at Age 16 Years in Sweden," whose lead author was Drexel alumna Hanyang Shen, was published in JAMA Psychiatry . (eurekalert.org)
- Regarding depression specifically, there has been one study that demonstrates a possible link between intake of Vitamin D from food and supplements and a reduction of depressive symptoms in post-menopausal women. (healthcentral.com)
- Lastly, the study also states that anxiety has more impact than depression. (redorbit.com)
- The authors of the study, which is published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, concluded: 'Now that we know that anxiety and major depression are both markers of increased cardiac risk, it is imperative that these patients receive the best treatment for both their cardiac and psychiatric conditions. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Our study reveals that depression is far too common and is associated with serious problems in school and at home for adolescents," said senior author Elizabeth Miller, M.D., director, Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Irving Kirsch's specialty has been the study of the placebo effect: the taking of a dummy pill without any medication in it that creates an expectation of healing that is so powerful, symptoms are actually alleviated. (cbsnews.com)
- The study suggests that social support can be an important factor in preventing depression. (nih.gov)
- For the second stage of the study, the team used a method called Mendelian randomization to narrow down the list to those factors with a causal connection to depression risk. (nih.gov)
- More research is needed to determine how the factors identified in this study might contribute to depression. (nih.gov)
- A new University of California, Davis, study, however, shows that adolescents with large hippocampal volume were more, or less, susceptible to feelings of depression depending on how unsafe -- or conversely -- protected they felt in their home and community environments. (eurekalert.org)
- Traditionally, research has shown that a smaller hippocampus is implicated in depression, but this study showed that a larger hippocampus may indicate a greater ability for adolescents to take advantage of the support in their environments and overcome fear, anxiety and depression. (eurekalert.org)
- The study also pointed out that as neuroimaging becomes more feasible in diagnosis, the findings could prove helpful in identifying individuals' risk for depression early on. (eurekalert.org)
- The teens involved in the study were of Mexican origin, a group which is a group at heightened risk for depression, the authors state. (eurekalert.org)
- The study, "Hippocampal Volume as Amplifier of Effect of Social Context on Adolescent Depression," is co-authored by faculty from the UC Davis Center for Mind and Brain, and the departments of psychology and human ecology. (eurekalert.org)
- Their depression symptoms at the beginning of the study were more severe. (medindia.net)
- The study found that those in the insomnia with depression and insomnia with both anxiety and depression groups had significantly higher Beck depression inventory scores compared to those with primary insomnia or insomnia with anxiety. (healthcentral.com)
- Depression- an unseen disease: As per an epidemiological study in the year 2000, the prevalence of mental disorders in India was 70.5 per 1000 in rural and 73 per 1000 in urban population. (newkerala.com)
- One study out of Sweden compared mortality rates for more than 50,000 patients with either unipolar or bipolar depression. (opposingviews.com)
- This new study shows how your Facebook feed may be affecting your emotional health. (medicaldaily.com)
- The study titled "Prevalence of Depression Among Fathers at the Pediatric Well-Child Care Visit" was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Pediatrics on July 23. (medicaldaily.com)
- We need to drop the stigma with all mental illness, whoever it affects," said Dr. Jennifer Ashton, ABC News chief medical correspondent who was not involved with the study. (medicaldaily.com)
- Scientists are hopeful that the findings of this study may shine a bright ray of light into the dark world of depression that approximately 16 million Americans find themselves living in at one or more points during the year. (emaxhealth.com)
- A prospective cohort study has found that the children of mothers with persistent antenatal depression are more likely to have developmental delay at 18 months. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- Previous results from the study have shown that mothers have higher EPDS scores during pregnancy than postnatally, 2 and a meta-analysis estimated the point prevalence of major depression at the end of the second trimester to be 4.9%, 3 compared with 2.5% in women in the general population. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 -- The estimated prevalence of using medications with depression as an adverse effect is 37.2 percent, according to a study published in the June 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association . (drugs.com)
- NEW YORK - In a key advance for the study of depression, a comprehensive scan of human DNA has turned up the apparent hiding places of more than a dozen genes linked to the disorder. (globalnews.ca)
- The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of systemic administration of poly I:C on the release of cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, TGF-β1, and GM-CSF) in the brain and spleen, splenic lymphocyte proliferation, expression of GAD65, GABA A α, GABA A β as well as Hsp70, and production of dark neurons after induction of repetitive CSD in juvenile rats. (springer.com)
- A 2015 study published in Cognition & Emotion also concluded that depression may cause short-term memory loss. (neurosciencenews.com)
- This prospective cohort study investigated the relationship between improvements in both depression symptoms and productivity in outpatients from 77 clinics in Minnesota following routine depression treatment. (nih.gov)
- This study demonstrated a significant relationship betweenimprovement in depression symptoms and improvements in productivity following routine primary care depression treatment. (nih.gov)
- A recent study published in JAMA found that people who take medications with depression or suicidal thoughts listed as a side effect are, in fact, more likely to be depressed or suicidal. (harvard.edu)
- In addition, the study found that 37% of respondents used at least one prescription medication with depression as a side effect, that use of these medications had significantly increased between 2005 and 2014, and that people who took them were more likely to be older (65 or older), female, widowed, and have other chronic health problems. (harvard.edu)
- Monshouwer K, Smit F, Ruiter M, Ormel H, Verhulst F, Vollebergh W, Oldehinkel T (2012) Identifying target groups for the prevention of depression in early adolescence: the TRAILS study. (springer.com)
- This study suggests a possible causal effect of depression on COPD exacerbations and hospitalizations. (nih.gov)
- The study also showed that acute depression also had an impact on key aspects of cognitive function, including motor skills and speed of thought. (aidsmap.com)
- W hen Vikram Patel first began to study mental health, he believed depression only existed in rich nations. (theguardian.com)
- Scientists found in a 21-year longitudinal study that mid adolescent (ages 14-16) depression significantly increased the risk for major depression, anxiety disorders, and substance dependencies during young adult years (ages 16-21). (huffpost.com)
- And this significant prevalence is likely contributing to increasing rates of depression in the U.S., according to a new study published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). (baptisthealth.net)
- Even some forms of prescription-strength and over-the-counter ibuprofen have the potential of depression as a side effect, the study authors found. (baptisthealth.net)
- Another study has shown there is a possible link between depression in moms and cellular damage in infants. (momsmilkboutique.com)
- Vietnamese in Germany represent a scarcely researched and vulnerable group for mental health problems, especially under exposure to migration-related stressors (MRS). This study analyzes the effect of those MRS on the severity level and symptom pattern of depression. (hindawi.com)
- Grant, G.D. Bioactive Constituents in Caffeinated and Decaffeinated Coffee and Their Effect on the Risk of Depression-A Comparative Constituent Analysis Study. (mdpi.com)
- We conclude that none of the experimental drugs are adequate for therapeutic use in opioid-induced respiratory depression and all need further study of efficacy and toxicity. (asahq.org)
- Our present study aims to investigate the interaction of melatonin (MEL) with this system by exploring the effects of MEL with or without a facilitator of GABA-ergic neurotransmission, diazepam (DZ) on the levels of depression and anxiety in Wistar rats. (scirp.org)
- The effect of MEL and DZ reported in this study concerns selective modulation of behavioral anxiety and depression since locomotor activity assessed by the OFT and EPM was not affected. (scirp.org)
- The results suggest doctors need to screen lung cancer patients for depression and then act to refer patients for care, said Barbara Andersen , lead author of the study and professor of psychology at The Ohio State University . (technologynetworks.com)
- A 2002 study found that more severe depression was associated with a decreased likelihood of early recovery. (postpartumprogress.com)
- Use of multiple medications with depression as a possible side effect was associated with greater likelihood of concurrent depression, authors of the study reported in JAMA. (mdedge.com)
- Inflammation is a good thing when it's triggered as part of the body's effort to fight infection, says Lorenzo Cohen, but chronic inflammation can promote the development and progression of many illnesses, including depression, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and cancer. (cnn.com)
- Once he saw a doctor, he was diagnosed with anxiety and depression, the two most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses. (thestar.com)
- The longer you have to deal with poor sleep, the higher your risk of developing depression or other illnesses. (healthination.com)
- 01:23 the higher your risk of developing depression or other illnesses. (healthination.com)
- In recent years research has demonstrated a correlation between depression and physical illnesses, such as painful conditions or infections in the individual patient. (news-medical.net)
- Depression is one of the most common illnesses and can affect anyone. (getreading.co.uk)
- The good news is that depression in children and adolescents is "one of the most treatable mental illnesses," said Wells, noting that the success rate is more than 80 percent. (pjstar.com)
- But for years, many patients who received treatment for depression or other disorders through group health insurance plans were often saddled with greater out-of-pocket expenses than they would have been for other types of illnesses. (everydayhealth.com)
- They found that the single largest cause of disability worldwide was mental disorders - largely, the common illnesses of depression and anxiety. (theguardian.com)
- The [winter] holiday season is also very enjoyable… Literature has also linked postnatal depression to vitamin D. Its storage may deplete in the few months without proper supplement or sun exposure, which could be related. (womansday.com)
- Postnatal depression (PND) can range from a mild period of mood disturbance following the birth of a child to severe and ongoing depression. (womansday.com)
- When the results were adjusted to allow for continuing postnatal depression, children of mothers with persistent antenatal depression were 34% more likely to have developmental delay. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- Postnatal depression is thought to affect child development as a result of impaired communication between the mother and infant. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- This will facilitate both the identification of women at risk of postnatal depression and children at risk of developmental delay. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- Adolescent depression is characterized by extended periods of low mood or feeling unable to enjoy normally pleasurable activities. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Clinicians and those who work with children and youth in schools and afterschool environments need to be aware of the seriousness of any signs of adolescent depression and connect young people to treatment early," added Dr. Miller. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The bi-directional relationship between parent-child conflict and treatment outcome in treatment-resistant adolescent depression. (medindia.net)
- Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent depression. (medscape.com)
- Rice F. Genetics of childhood and adolescent depression: insights into etiological heterogeneity and challenges for future genomic research. (medscape.com)
- 2,3 Conflict also plays an important role in depression and often evolves into a vicious cycle in which irritability-a common feature of child and adolescent depression-increases interpersonal tensions and may cause parents, teachers, and friends to distance themselves from the depressed person. (psychiatrictimes.com)
- Research on depression in adolescents in recent years has focused on how the physical brain and social experiences interact. (eurekalert.org)
- Is it any wonder that adolescents fall prey to depression at this impressionable age? (business-standard.com)
- Parents must understand that depression in their young adolescents is not a sign of weakness or a flaw in their character. (business-standard.com)
- According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, major depression affects approximately one in 12 adolescents and, among those, one in 14 will commit suicide as a young adult. (pjstar.com)
- New findings suggest that adolescent girls and boys might experience depression differently and that sex-specific treatments could be beneficial for adolescents. (neurosciencenews.com)
- How are adolescents affected by depression? (huffpost.com)
- Depression is most common among adolescents who have a family history of depression, who are living in poverty, and have poor problem solving skills (2009) . (huffpost.com)
- The most recent studies reveal that minority children and adolescents are at a higher risk for depression than white youth. (psychiatrictimes.com)
- 10 Most care for depression is provided by primary care physicians who may have relatively little experience with depression in children and adolescents and have added disincentives, such as decreased reimbursement for identifying a mental health versus a somatic health problem. (psychiatrictimes.com)
- People with insomnia also have a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety than those who sleep normally. (siliconindia.com)
- They found a strong connection between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex -- associated with short-term memory -- the precuneus -- associated with the self -- and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex -- associated with negative emotion-- among people with depression. (siliconindia.com)
- Up to 7% external link of young people are estimated to have depression in Switzerland. (swissinfo.ch)
- A drug used for the treatment of depression seems to have a remarkable effect on some people who take it: When they yawn, they have an orgasm. (latimes.com)
- A Harvard scientist says the drugs used to treat depression are effective, but for many, it's not the active ingredient that's making people feel better. (cbsnews.com)
- The difference between the effect of a placebo and the effect of an antidepressant is minimal for most people," says Harvard scientist Irving Kirsch. (cbsnews.com)
- Very often, one of the first signs of depression in people ages 70 or older is a change in thinking," says Dr. Helen Farrell, a psychiatrist with Harvard-affiliated Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. (harvard.edu)
- For people with genetic risk factors for depression, frequency of confiding in others and sleep duration were the most protective. (nih.gov)
- People with depression who benefited from a placebo showed signature changes in the brain and also responded better to subsequent medication. (nih.gov)
- The scientists enrolled 35 people with major depression who weren't taking any medications. (nih.gov)
- These results suggest that some people are more responsive to the intention to treat their depression, and may do better if psychotherapies or cognitive therapies that enhance the clinician-patient relationship are incorporated into their care as well as antidepressant medications," Zubieta says. (nih.gov)
- Plus, evidence actually shows that when depression is treated, many people report sleeping better, and vice versa. (healthination.com)
- By Dr. Cheryl Lane, PhD Major depression is a serious psychiatric disorder that afflicts millions of people. (psyweb.com)
- With more than one billion people affected, diabesity is the largest epidemic in the world today. (medindia.net)
- No one is immune from depression - it occurs in people of all social classes, all countries and all cultural settings. (medindia.net)
- With more people struggling with mental diseases, it's not just their mental health which is at risk but also the skin and body which is affected drastically! (newkerala.com)
- Rashes and Hives: A depressed soul is prone to rashes & hives as these are caused by an imbalance in the gut which is quite common in people suffering from depression as their diet intake may not be healthy and sufficient. (newkerala.com)
- Depression often causes people to feel more irritable. (verywellmind.com)
- Ordinary over the counter painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs purchased from pharmacies may also be effective in the treatment of people suffering of depression. (news-medical.net)
- Over the last ten years, there are more and more people looking at how to promote positive emotions instead of just playing defense against the negative ones," says Sen. "For those with a genetic predisposition towards depression, it will become very important to learn how to promote positive emotions and resilience in these patients to ward off a possible episode of depression. (emaxhealth.com)
- An estimated 350 million people worldwide have depression, according to the World Health Organization. (globalnews.ca)
- He also said the new study's results cannot be used to test people for their risk of developing depression. (globalnews.ca)
- The 15 locations that appear to harbour disease-risk genes were uncovered by a statistical analysis that compares people with depression to those without, looking for slight but suggestive differences at specific spots in their genomes. (globalnews.ca)
- NHS England has now published new guidelines to help GPs better identify the signs of anxiety and depression as well as a range of mental health problems, including those which specifically affect older people. (pharmatimes.com)
- Depression and anxiety affect nearly eight million people over 55, but can often go unnoticed and untreated," commented Alistair Burns, national clinical director for Dementia, NHS England. (pharmatimes.com)
- Older people are potentially vulnerable and we have to be careful that we don't normalise depression and anxiety as a routine part of ageing," noted RCGP Chair Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard. (pharmatimes.com)
- Depression among teenagers is often ignored because people attribute their angst to raging hormones and concepts like generation gap. (business-standard.com)
- Depression affects people of all ages. (bustle.com)
- Autumn depression is a common feeling from people suffering from Seasonal Affective Disorder, especially at the start of the Fall Equinox. (yourtango.com)
- A report from the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that depression affects 121 million people worldwide. (healthcanal.com)
- A new law, however, may help some people receive more equitable insurance coverage for depression and other mental health problems. (everydayhealth.com)
- Summary: Typically, many people associate depression with feelings of sadness or despair. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Depression can lead to alcoholism and suicide, but there's one lesser-known symptom of depression that people live with every day. (neurosciencenews.com)
- In addition, people with depression are also more likely to experience attention problems. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Both people with unipolar an bipolar depression experience concentration problems, regardless of age. (neurosciencenews.com)
- It's called light Therapy, and it seems taht sun is very important for some people to feel good and avoid depression. (fluther.com)
- For people taking no medications with depression as a side effect, the likelihood of having depression was 5%, and this remained stable regardless of how many other medications they took that did not have depression as a side effect (even if that number was zero). (harvard.edu)
- Sustained depression is associated with long-term declines in cognitive function among people living with HIV, investigators from the United States report in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes . (aidsmap.com)
- Over a third of people living with HIV experience depression - five times the rate seen in the general population. (aidsmap.com)
- However, research examining the impact of depression on cognitive function in people with HIV has yielded mixed results. (aidsmap.com)
- But the treatment typically given to sufferers of depression in wealthier countries was completely out of reach for hundreds of millions of people who needed it. (theguardian.com)
- People who take multiple medications have a higher risk of depression, said the study's lead author, Dima Mazen Qato, who's an assistant professor and pharmacist at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (baptisthealth.net)
- Put simply, for many people with severe depression, the drugs available to them - known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) - pretty much suck. (wearechange.org)
- Nearly all (93 percent) of the patients with severe depression said the depressive symptoms made it difficult to do their work, take care of things at home and get along with other people. (technologynetworks.com)
- By the way, some people actually have treatment-resistant depression. (postpartumprogress.com)
- Likewise, the proportion of people using at least three medications with depression as a potential side effect, increased from 6.9% to 9.5% from the 2005-2006 to 2013-2014 time period (P = .001), they added. (mdedge.com)
- Does electro convulsive therapy affect cognition when used for older people diagnosed with depression? (pocketmags.com)
- This paper presents a review of the literature about how ECT can effect cognition in older people diagnosed with depression. (pocketmags.com)
- Major depression can affect a small percentage of people aged over 65 (around 3%) and treatment options may not be the same as the younger population (Thomas and O'Brien, 2006). (pocketmags.com)
- In political science the neighbourhood effect defines the tendency of a person to vote in a certain direction based upon the relational effects of the people living in the neighbourhood. (wikipedia.org)
- He suggested four models by which voting patterns may be explained: 1) The "no environmental effect" model, which postulates no differences in voting behaviour by neighbourhood type - contacts with neighbours have no influence on how people vote. (wikipedia.org)
- 2) The "environmental effect model", which suggests that 'people may be irritated, alarmed and antagonized by contact with those unlike themselves' and become even stronger supporters of their 'class party' than might otherwise be the case - middle-class people are more pro-Conservative in working-class than middle-class areas, for example, and working-class people are less pro-Conservative in strongly middle-class areas. (wikipedia.org)
- 3) The "consensual environmental effect" model, which argues that 'people will be influenced towards agreement with their contacts', so that, for example, 'both middle- and working-class individuals are more Conservative in middle-class areas because both sets of individuals have fewer working-class contacts and more middle-class contacts than if they lived elsewhere' - which is what most writers associate with the neighbourhood effect. (wikipedia.org)
- Cox, in a similar attempt to understand the neighbourhood effect, attempted to define how people interact. (wikipedia.org)
- The report showed a direct relationship between teacher depression and "externalizing" problems in children, such as anger and aggression, as well as "internalizing" problems, such as anxiety, sadness or withdrawal. (edweek.org)
- Reciprocal limbic-cortical function and negative mood: converging PET findings in depression and normal sadness. (medscape.com)
- If a whiff of autumn leaves, the sight of pumpkins , and the feel of that North wind from the fall season bring depression, sadness, and confused feelings, you're not alone. (yourtango.com)
- So what can you do to help yourself when sadness and Autumn depression symptoms approach? (yourtango.com)
- In my experience, this polarization between appreciation and sadness increases worry, and the worry can lead to more depression. (yourtango.com)
- The "yawngasm" effect is no doubt quite a boost to the antidepressant qualities of the drug, clomipramine (marketed under the brand name Anafranil by its manufacturer, Ciba Pharmaceuticals). (latimes.com)
- Association Between Placebo-Activated Neural Systems and Antidepressant Responses: Neurochemistry of Placebo Effects in Major Depression. (nih.gov)
- A research team from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai published the first controlled evidence showing that an intranasal ketamine spray conferred an unusually rapid antidepressant effect -within 24 hours-and was well tolerated in patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder. (scienceblog.com)
- Snorting a large recreational dose will simply not produce the same antidepressant effect in the brain. (scienceblog.com)
- The number of medications used with depression as a possible adverse effect correlated with increased prevalence of concurrent depression, in analyses excluding antidepressant users. (drugs.com)
- Sleep doctors aren't surprised by this common antidepressant side effect. (self.com)
- And until you try a certain antidepressant, there's no way to know how it will affect your dreams-it could go either way. (self.com)
- The prevalence of depression increased with the number of medications with depression as a side effect, in an analysis that excluded antidepressant users. (mdedge.com)
Risk for depression3
- Experiencing trauma early in life and having certain genes can put you at higher risk for depression. (nih.gov)
- How much time they spent on the computer and how much salt they consumed showed the highest increase in risk for depression. (nih.gov)
- These results suggest that a high CAR represents a time-limited risk factor for onsets of MDEs, which increases risk for depression independently of future major stressful life events. (cambridge.org)
Signs of depression4
- Early recognition of symptoms and signs of depression can help in taking a holistic approach to the management of depression. (medindia.net)
- But, whatever the trigger, Wells hopes parents will be watchful for the signs of depression in their child. (pjstar.com)
- When you feel so much ambivalence and confusion about the signs of depression suddenly showing up, you find it harder to be calm, clear and confident. (yourtango.com)
- No matter what they called it, no matter what they held to be the reason or the cure, they cited hopelessness, exhaustion, inability to confront their problems and a lack of interest in life - classic signs of depression. (theguardian.com)
- The research indicated that children whose mothers had been diagnosed with depression are likely to achieve grades that are 4.5 percentage points lower than peers whose mothers had not been diagnosed with depression. (eurekalert.org)
- He added that, while it remains unclear why giving birth in winter or spring should have a positive effect, it could be linked to the "seasonal enjoyment of indoor activities mothers experience with newborns. (womansday.com)
- Both types of problems were reported by teachers, though teacher depression did not appear to result in more reports of externalizing problems from the mothers of the children in the sample. (edweek.org)
- While healthcare providers often screen new mothers for depression before and after birth, the screening is not as prioritized with new fathers. (medicaldaily.com)
- When comparing screenings, it was found 4.4 percent of fathers tested positive for depression - a figure extremely close to the 5 percent of mothers who screened positive. (medicaldaily.com)
- Unfortunately in this trial, we have no idea of the DHA status of the mothers at the beginning of pregnancy or when they were evaluated for depression," Duffy MacKay, vice president of scientific & regulatory affairs at the Council for Responsible Nutrition, said in a news release. (drugs.com)
- Prevalence of depression in mothers ranged from 30%-38% within the first 24 months following a child's epilepsy diagnosis. (healthcanal.com)
- Mothers, in particular, are at greatest risk for psychological distress or depression in response to their child's epilepsy, as they are often the primary caregivers for their children. (healthcanal.com)
- Results showed that children of mothers with elevated levels of depressive symptoms have poorer health-related quality of life than children of mothers with low levels of depression. (healthcanal.com)
- Depression was assessed in the participants at a follow-up survey about six to eight years later. (nih.gov)
- At the end of each week of treatment, the participants completed a questionnaire about their depression symptoms. (nih.gov)
- After six weeks of treatment, the dose was increased if participants' depression scores were still high. (medindia.net)
- Skodol et al examined data from 1996 participants in a national survey who initially had a diagnosis of major depression. (medscape.com)
- Significant mean activation, sex effect (A) and group-by-sex interaction (B) responding to the sad distractor contrast in all participants. (neurosciencenews.com)
- The adjusted odds ratio of depression for participants reporting hunger was 2.31 (95% CI 1.54, 3.46) and changed little [2.17 (95% CI 1.29, 3.67)] after accounting for previous CES-D 12 scores, suggesting a temporal relationship in which hunger contributes to depression risk. (springer.com)
- The mean age of participants was 46.2 years, 51.1% were women, and 7.6% reported depression. (mdedge.com)
- Overall, 37.2% of participants reported using medications that had depression as an adverse effect. (mdedge.com)
- Our findings demonstrate the importance of not excluding suicidal participants from interventions designed to target depression. (bmj.com)
- We used multivariable regression based on generalized estimating equations (GEE) to examine prior youth hunger on later depression risk, adjusting for time-stable, time-varying, and lagged variables (e.g., depressive symptoms in previous cycle), thereby clarifying the temporal relationship. (springer.com)
- Depression may involve the interruption or reduction of chemical messengers in the brain called neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. (harvard.edu)
- Depression causes neurophysiologic changes in the body by triggering a decline in the levels of neurotransmitters, especially the limbic region of the brain, which controls emotions. (psyweb.com)
- The affected neurotransmitters include serotonin and norepinephrine. (psyweb.com)
- Depression occurs due to alterations in the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. (medindia.net)
- We know that these omega-3 fatty acids at low levels in animal studies, deplete levels of brain dopamine by half and brain serotonin by half, fundamental neurotransmitters in depression. (empowher.com)
- Depression is a function of the dysregulation of two neurotransmitters in the brain, Norepinephrine and serotonin. (markedbyteachers.com)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale1
- They noted gender differences in the incidence of depression by age and compared recent first-onset and persistent depression with respect to impairment, suicide attempts, conduct problems and academic functioning. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Persistent antenatal depression was defined as an EPDS score above the standard 12/13 cut-off at both 18 and 32 weeks' gestation. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
- The findings suggest that getting enough social support and limiting how much media you use may help prevent depression. (nih.gov)
- Experts said the result is important not only for its specific findings, but also for its demonstration that the study's approach can help uncover clues to the biology of depression, which is largely a mystery. (globalnews.ca)
- Dr. Patrick Sullivan, an expert in depression genetics at the University of North Carolina in North Carolina, said the findings "look pretty solid. (globalnews.ca)
Making untreated depression1
- She was finally diagnosed at age 27, and since that time, her depression has been successfully managed with medication and psychotherapy. (healthcentral.com)
- Before you even add medication, depression and sleep issues are often linked. (self.com)
- Depression: Common medication side effect? (harvard.edu)
- Home » Harvard Health Blog » Depression: Common medication side effect? (harvard.edu)
- What was striking was that the likelihood of depression increased significantly for each medication with depression as a side effect a person was taking. (harvard.edu)
- Particularly respiratory depression is a potentially lethal complication that may occur when opioids are overdosed or consumed in combination with other depressants such as sleep medication or alcohol. (asahq.org)
- Most importantly, those with insomnia comorbid with anxiety or depression had similar scores on the dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep scale, when compared to those with primary insomnia. (healthcentral.com)
- Those with insomnia and both anxiety and depression scored significantly higher on some subscales of the dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep scale compared to those with primary insomnia. (healthcentral.com)
- We calculated the adjusted odds of low-priority triage (Canadian Emergency Department Triage and Acuity Scale score of 3, 4 or 5) for patients with acute myocardial infarction who had a charted history of depression. (cmaj.ca)
- The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPI), two sub-scales of the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), and an open ended questionnaire and demographic sheet were mailed out to 600 psychiatric nurses in Saskatchewan. (rpnas.com)
Cognition and depression2
- Schools can prevent depression by enhancing communication with parents and involving them in interventions targeting cognition and depression. (huffpost.com)
- Using the review evidence it also reports on the ways in which ECT has been used and consequent effects on cognition and depression. (pocketmags.com)
Prevalence of depression1
Medications with depression as a potential1
- Dima Mazen Qato, Pharm.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., from the University of Illinois at Chicago, and colleagues analyzed five two-year cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2006 through 2013-2014) for use of prescription medications with depression as a potential adverse effect. (drugs.com)
- Depression diagnoses in a parent at any time during the child's first 16 years were determined to have some effect on the child's school performance. (eurekalert.org)
- Suicide is the worst case scenario of depression left untreated, but it can also affect school performance, self-esteem, your child's friendships and also lead to drug abuse and legal troubles. (pjstar.com)
Common symptom of depression1
- The impact of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and their combination on quality of life in depression. (medscape.com)
- The Effect of Psychotherapy on Recurrence of Depression. (umn.edu)
- Home / Test Division / Reference Database / 2000 to 2009 / 2006 / The Effect of Psychotherapy on Recurrence of Depression. (umn.edu)
- For decades, many psychiatrists believed depression was a uniquely western phenomenon. (theguardian.com)
- His purpose was to find evidence for the view, then widespread among psychiatrists, that what looked like depression in poor countries was actually a response to deprivation and injustice - conditions stemming from colonisation. (theguardian.com)