Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Seasonal Affective Disorder: A syndrome characterized by depressions that recur annually at the same time each year, usually during the winter months. Other symptoms include anxiety, irritability, decreased energy, increased appetite (carbohydrate cravings), increased duration of sleep, and weight gain. SAD (seasonal affective disorder) can be treated by daily exposure to bright artificial lights (PHOTOTHERAPY), during the season of recurrence.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Affective Disorders, Psychotic: Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Methylphenidate: A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER in children and for NARCOLEPSY. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The d-isomer of this drug is referred to as DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE.Euphoria: An exaggerated feeling of physical and emotional well-being not consonant with apparent stimuli or events; usually of psychologic origin, but also seen in organic brain disease and toxic states.N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine: An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.Central Nervous System Stimulants: A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Hallucinogens: Drugs capable of inducing illusions, hallucinations, delusions, paranoid ideations, and other alterations of mood and thinking. Despite the name, the feature that distinguishes these agents from other classes of drugs is their capacity to induce states of altered perception, thought, and feeling that are not experienced otherwise.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Serotonin: A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.Norepinephrine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins: Sodium chloride-dependent neurotransmitter symporters located primarily on the PLASMA MEMBRANE of noradrenergic neurons. They remove NOREPINEPHRINE from the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE by high affinity reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS. It regulates signal amplitude and duration at noradrenergic synapses and is the target of ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Brain Chemistry: Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.Dissociative Disorders: Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Carbon Monoxide: Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Lithium: An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight [6.938; 6.997]. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.Lithium Carbonate: A lithium salt, classified as a mood-stabilizing agent. Lithium ion alters the metabolism of BIOGENIC MONOAMINES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, and affects multiple neurotransmission systems.Lod Score: The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for "logarithmic odds."Benzodiazepines: A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.

Subgenual cingulate cortex volume in first-episode psychosis. (1/123)

OBJECTIVE: Gray matter volume and glucose utilization have been reported to be reduced in the left subgenual cingulate of subjects with familial bipolar or unipolar depression. It is unclear whether these findings are secondary to recurrent illness or are part of a familial/genetic syndrome. The authors' goal was to clarify these findings. METHOD: Volumetric analyses were performed by using magnetic resonance imaging in 41 patients experiencing their first episode of affective disorder or schizophrenia and in 20 normal comparison subjects. RESULTS: The left subgenual cingulate volume of the patients with affective disorder who had a family history of affective disorder was smaller than that of patients with affective disorder with no family history of the illness and the normal comparison subjects. Patients with schizophrenia did not differ from comparison subjects in left subgenual cingulate volume. CONCLUSIONS: Left subgenual cingulate abnormalities are present at first hospitalization for psychotic affective disorder in patients who have a family history of affective disorder.  (+info)

The man who claimed to be a paedophile. (2/123)

A psychiatrist recounts a case of a man presenting with severe depression who claimed to have abused children and his pet dog. Clinical management of the case hinged on whether this claim was true, a lie or delusional. The uncertainty over this raised complex ethical dilemmas regarding confidentiality and protection of the public (and animals).  (+info)

Impact of genetic vulnerability and hypoxia on overall intelligence by age 7 in offspring at high risk for schizophrenia compared with affective psychoses. (3/123)

Risk factors for schizophrenia, such as genetic vulnerability and obstetric complications, have been associated with cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. We tested the association of these risk factors with general intellectual ability in offspring at high risk for psychoses and normal control subjects. Offspring of 182 parents with DSM-IV schizophrenia or affective psychoses were recruited and diagnosed from the Boston and Providence cohorts of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project (NCPP). Control subjects from the NCPP were selected to be comparable with affected parents based on the parent's age, ethnicity, study site, number of offspring enrolled in the NCPP, and payment status, and on the offspring's age, sex, and history of obstetric complications. Based on data prospectively acquired from pregnancy and events of gestation, labor, delivery, and the neonatal period, we derived a measure of probable hypoxic-ischemic insult. We also report on standardized measures of general intelligence (intelligence quotient [IQ]) collected at age 7. General linear mixed models were used to test for the simultaneous effects of genetic vulnerability, defined as parental diagnosis, and probable hypoxic insult on age 7 IQ. Specificity of the effects for schizophrenia compared with affective psychoses and sex effects were also tested. Low IQ at age 7 was significantly associated with genetic vulnerability to psychoses, in particular with schizophrenia.  (+info)

Sixteen-year mortality in patients with affective disorder commenced on lithium. (4/123)

BACKGROUND: Lithium treatment is claimed to reduce mortality in patients with affective disorder, but the evidence is conflicting. AIM: To estimate mortality rates from a cohort of patients with affective disorder commenced on lithium with an observation period of two years and a follow-up after 16 years. METHOD: The mortality rates of patients were compared with those of the general Danish population, standardised for age, gender and calendar time with respect to death from all causes, suicide and death from cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: Forty of the study's 133 patients died during the 16-year observation period (11 from suicide). Mortality among patients commenced on lithium was twice that of the general population. The statistically significantly elevated mortality was due largely to an excess of suicides; mortality from all other causes was similar to the background populations. Thirty-two patients died after the first two years of observation and were included in the analysis of the association between death and treatment compliance. Suicide occurred more frequently among those patients not complying with treatment. CONCLUSION: Mortality, especially suicide, was significantly increased in unselected patients with affective disorder commenced on lithium relative to the general population.  (+info)

Obstetric complications and affective psychoses. Two case-control studies based on structured obstetric records. (5/123)

BACKGROUND: Unlike schizophrenia, little interest has been taken in the incidence of obstetric complications in affective psychoses. AIMS: To find out whether obstetric complications are more common in affective psychoses than matched controls. METHOD: Two hundred and seventeen probands with an in-patient diagnosis of affective psychosis who had been born in Scotland in 1971-74, and a further 84 born in 1975-78, were closely matched with controls and the incidence of obstetric complications in the two compared using obstetric data recorded in a set format shortly after birth. RESULTS: Abnormal presentation of the foetus was the only complication significantly more common in the affective probands in the 1971-74 birth cohort and artificial rupture of the membranes was the only event more common in the probands in the 1975-78 cohort. Both are probably chance findings. CONCLUSION: It is unlikely that the incidence of obstetric complications is raised in people with affective psychoses of early onset.  (+info)

Ten-year outcome: patients with schizoaffective disorders, schizophrenia, affective disorders and mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms. (6/123)

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether outcome in schizoaffective disorders is more similar to schizophrenia or affective disorders. AIMS: To provide longitudinal data on clinical course and outcome in schizoaffective disorders versus schizophrenia and affective disorders, and determine whether mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms have negative prognostic implications. METHOD: A total of 210 patients with schizoaffective disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar manic disorders and depression were assessed at hospitalisation and then followed up four times over 10 years. RESULTS: At all four follow-ups, fewer patients with schizoaffective disorders than with schizophrenia showed uniformly poor outcome. Patients with mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms during index hospitalisation showed significantly poorer subsequent outcome (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Schizoaffective outcome was better than schizophrenic outcome and poorer than outcome for psychotic affective disorders. Mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms have negative prognostic implications. The results could fit a symptom dimension view of schizoaffective course.  (+info)

Association of depression and gender with mortality in old age. Results from the Amsterdam Study of the Elderly (AMSTEL). (7/123)

BACKGROUND: The association between depression and increased mortality risk in older persons may depend on the severity of the depressive disorder and gender. AIMS: To investigate the association between major and mild depressive syndromes and excess mortality in community-living elderly men and women. METHOD: Depression (Geriatric Mental State AGECAT) was assessed in 4051 older persons, with a 6-year follow-up of community death registers. The mortality risk of neurotic and psychotic depression was calculated after adjustment for demographic variables, physical illness, cognitive decline and functional disabilities. RESULTS: A total of 75% of men and 41% of women with psychotic depression had diet at follow-up. Psychotic depression was associated with significant excess mortality in both men and women. Neurotic depression was associated with a 1.67-fold higher mortality risk in men only. CONCLUSIONS: In the elderly, major depressive syndromes increase the risk of death in both men and women, but mild depression increases the risk of death only in men.  (+info)

Prefrontal gray matter volume reduction in first episode schizophrenia. (8/123)

Functional measures have consistently shown prefrontal abnormalities in schizophrenia. However, structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of prefrontal volume reduction have been less consistent. In this study, we evaluated prefrontal gray matter volume in first episode (first hospitalized) patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, compared with first episode patients diagnosed with affective psychosis and normal comparison subjects, to determine the presence in and specificity of prefrontal abnormalities to schizophrenia. Prefrontal gray and white matter volumes were measured from first episode patients with schizophrenia (n = 17), and from gender and parental socio-economic status-matched subjects with affective (mainly manic) psychosis (n = 17) and normal comparison subjects (n = 17), age-matched within a narrow age range (18--29 years). Total (left and right) prefrontal gray matter volume was significantly reduced in first episode schizophrenia compared with first episode affective psychosis and comparison subjects. Follow-up analyses indicated significant left prefrontal gray matter volume reduction and trend level reduction on the right. Schizophrenia patients showed 9.2% reduction on the left and 7.7% reduction on the right compared with comparison subjects. White matter volumes did not differ among groups. These data suggest that prefrontal cortical gray matter volume reduction is selectively present at first hospitalization in schizophrenia but not affective psychosis.  (+info)

*Social construction of schizophrenia

The spectrum of psychotic disorders: neurobiology, etiology, and pathogenesis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN ... named Salience syndrome with affective expression, Salience syndrome with developmental expression and Salience syndrome not ... 2014). "Johyeonbyung (attunement disorder): Renaming mind splitting disorder as a way to reduce stigma of patients with ... "thought disorders") in the absence of a "mood disorder." You can even throw in other correlates like "negative symptoms", PET ...

*Bipolar I disorder

Psychotic Symptoms Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorders research Bipolar II disorder Bipolar NOS Borderline personality disorder ... please visit their website at F31 Bipolar Affective Disorder F31.6 Bipolar Affective Disorder, Current Episode Mixed F30 Manic ... schizophreniform disorder, delusional disorder, or a psychotic disorder not otherwise specified. Routine medical assessments ... Bipolar I disorder (BD-I; pronounced "type one bipolar disorder") is a bipolar spectrum disorder characterized by the ...

*Comparison of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a primary psychotic disorder, and bipolar disorder is a primary mood disorder but can also involve psychosis. ... affective, perceptual, and other deficits seen in schizophrenia. Unlike schizophrenia, bipolar disorder has very little ... In bipolar disorder, the psychotic symptoms tend to reflect the person's extreme depressed or elated mood (mood congruence). ... When psychotic symptoms are present, bipolar disorder is sometimes misdiagnosed as schizophrenia. Other symptoms of ...

*Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia

The K-SADS-PL is used to screen for affective and psychotic disorders as well as other disorders, including, but not limited to ... Pediatric bipolar disorder Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia List of diagnostic classification and rating ... The K-SADS is used to measure previous and current symptoms of affective, anxiety, psychotic, and disruptive behavior disorders ... is a semi-structured interview aimed at early diagnosis of affective disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, and ...

*Dorothy Otnow Lewis

Her report concluded that he suffered from psychotic schizo-affective disorder and had brain dysfunction. Lewis, along with a ... but Lewis reported diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorder, dissociative identity disorder, brain damage, and psychomotor ... Most people with this disorder are not violent. And probably abuse alone does not create a grotesquely violent individual. ... She specializes in the study of violent individuals and people with Dissociative Identity Disorder, formerly known as Multiple ...

*Associated features of bipolar disorder

"Cigarette smoking and psychotic symptoms in bipolar affective disorder". The British Journal of Psychiatry. 179: 35-38. doi: ... July 2006). "A meta-analysis of cognitive deficits in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder". Journal of Affective Disorders ... Increased Risk Of Psychiatric Disorders." ScienceDaily 3 March 2009. 5 December 2010 Ross RG (July 2006). "Psychotic and manic- ... The associated features of bipolar disorder are clinical phenomena that often accompany bipolar disorder (BD) but are not part ...

*Harriet Wadeson

For eight years, Wadeson worked with patients with affective disorders, including mania, psychotic depression, and suicide risk ...

*HMG-box containing 4

"Gene-based SNP mapping of a psychotic bipolar affective disorder linkage region on 22q12.3: association with HMG2L1 and TOM1". ... "Gene-based SNP mapping of a psychotic bipolar affective disorder linkage region on 22q12.3: association with HMG2L1 and TOM1". ...

*Pontiac Correctional Center

... bipolar or major affective disorder. This unit is a segregation unit for low aggression inmates. William Balfour - murdered ... These offenders are diagnosed as chronically mentally ill with diagnoses including schizophrenia, psychotic, ...

*Neuropsychopharmacology

... affective disorders, psychotic disorders, degenerative disorders, eating behavior, and sleep behavior. Drugs such as opium, ... The hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD), also known as post-psychedelic perception disorder, has been observed ... Prog.) ^ Lewy, A. J., "Circadian Phase Sleep And Mood Disorders", (5th Gen. Prog.) ACNP resources American College of ... Developments in neuropsychopharmacology may directly impact the studies of anxiety disorders, ...

*Psychotic depression

... psychotic depression and mixed affective episodes among 14,529 patients with bipolar disorder". Journal of Affective Disorders ... Unlike psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, patients with psychotic depression generally ... "Environmental and familial risk factors for psychotic and non-psychotic severe depression". Journal of Affective Disorders. 147 ... The prognosis for psychotic depression is not considered to be as poor as for schizoaffective disorders or primary psychotic ...

*3DSlicer

MRI volumes in patients with first-episode schizophrenia compared with psychotic patients with first-episode affective disorder ...

*Karl Leonhard

Psychosis will in general appear as an affective disorder (e.g. psychotic depression), a form of schizophrenia (e.g. catatonic ... Today diagnosis for psychotic patients and mentally or otherwise ill persons are most commonly placed by ICD or DSM criteria. ... During his lifetime he interviewed more than 2000 psychotic patients, latterly with Dr Sieglinde von Trostorff. He died in East ... With Kleist, he created a complex classification of psychotic illnesses called Nosology. His work covered psychology, ...

*Martin Grossman

... "did not reveal any signs of a current psychotic condition or of any major affective disorder." As part of its post-conviction ...

*Maprotiline

... confusion Induction of hypomania or mania in patients suffering from underlying bipolar affective disorder Psychotic symptoms ... Patients with bipolar affective disorder should not receive antidepressants whilst in a manic phase, as antidepressants can ... adolescents and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone ... Coated Tablets, 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, and 75 mg Injectable concentrate, 25 mg Maprotiline may worsen psychotic conditions like ...

*Schizoaffective disorder

... "for about a third of cases with non-affective psychotic disorders." Non-affective psychotic disorders are, by definition, not ... Schizoaffective disorder is defined by mood disorder-free psychosis in the context of a long-term psychotic and mood disorder. ... "psychotic" mood disorder, namely either bipolar disorder or major depression). Only when psychotic states persist in a ... psychotic mood disorders, and schizoaffective disorder. People with schizoaffective disorder are likely to have co-occurring ...

*Mania

... bipolar affective disorder, current episode manic without psychotic symptoms (F31.1), bipolar affective disorder, current ... In the ICD-10 there are several disorders with the manic syndrome: organic manic disorder (F06.30), mania without psychotic ... Psychotic Disorders. 2004 May. All Psych Online: Virtual Psychology Classroom. Retrieved October 2, 2007. Sajatovic, Martha; ... Schizoaffective Disorder. 2007 September Mayo Clinic. Retrieved October 1, 2007. Schizoaffective Disorder. 2004 May. All Psych ...

*Skyland Trail

... anxiety disorders, psychotic illnesses • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT): Secondary Axis II disorders, bipolar affective ... First break episodes of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders • Social Integration: Long-term clients who are relatively ... Skyland Trail treats patients with a primary diagnosis of mental illness with related substance abuse disorders. Dual Diagnosis ... Skyland Trail specializes in treating adults with Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Depression, and Dual Diagnosis. In the early ...

*Muhamad Aly Rifai

... psychotic, affective, anxiety and substance use). The United States Department of Veterans Affairs commissioned a larger study ... Rifai advocates for screening patients with psychiatric disorders for hepatitis C. In the mid 2000s, Rifai was involved in ... El-Serag, Hashem B.; Kunik, Mark; Richardson, Peter; Rabeneck, Linda (2002). "Psychiatric disorders among veterans with ... MacReady, Norra (2003-01-01). "Psychiatric disorders more likely in HCV patients. (Substance Abuse in 88%)". Clinical ...

*List of MeSH codes (F03)

... affective disorders, psychotic MeSH F03.600.150.150 --- bipolar disorder MeSH F03.600.150.150.300 --- cyclothymic disorder MeSH ... depressive disorder, major MeSH F03.600.300.400 --- dysthymic disorder MeSH F03.600.300.700 --- seasonal affective disorder ... paranoid disorders MeSH F03.700.675 --- psychotic disorders MeSH F03.700.675.600 --- psychoses, substance-induced MeSH F03.700. ... panic disorder MeSH F03.080.725 --- phobic disorders MeSH F03.080.931 --- stress disorders, traumatic MeSH F03.080.931.249 --- ...

*Executive dysfunction

... psychotic disorders, affective disorders, and conduct disorders, as well as neurodegenerative diseases and acquired brain ... Disorders affecting children such as ADHD, along with oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, high functioning autism ... Disorders affecting children such as ADHD, along with oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, high functioning autism ... A meta-analysis of cognitive deficits in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder" Journal of Affective Disorders 93, 105-15 ...

*Jet lag

A 2002 Israeli study found that relapse of major affective and psychotic disorders occurred more frequently when seven or more ... Delayed sleep phase disorder is a medical disorder characterized by delayed sleeping time and a proportionately delayed waking ... "Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders: Part I, Basic Principles, Shift Work and Jet Lag Disorders An American Academy of Sleep ... Delayed sleep phase disorder Sleep deprivation "Highlights of Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM5" (PDF). American Psychiatric ...

*Psychosis

... involving symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorders brief psychotic disorder, or acute/transient psychotic disorder ... schizophrenia and schizophreniform disorder affective (mood) disorders, including major depression, and severe depression or ... post-traumatic stress disorder induced delusional disorder Sometimes in obsessive-compulsive disorder Dissociative disorders, ... bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, dementia, and some autism spectrum disorders. It is now known ...

*Mental disorder

Psychotic disorders in this domain include schizophrenia, and delusional disorder. Schizoaffective disorder is a category used ... panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Other affective (emotion/mood) ... In the United States the frequency of disorder is: anxiety disorder (28.8%), mood disorder (20.8%), impulse-control disorder ( ... Mood stabilizers are used primarily in bipolar disorder. Antipsychotics are used for psychotic disorders, notably for positive ...

*Primidone

"Primidone and rapid cycling affective disorders" describing a 62-year-old woman who had rapid-cycling bipolar disorder starting ... Monroe RR, Wise SP (1965). "Combined phenothiazine, chlordiazepoxide and primidone therapy for uncontrolled psychotic patients ... Brown GM; Stone GH; Rathbone MP (October 9, 1993). "Primidone and rapid cycling affective disorders". The Lancet. 342 (8876): ... Hayes, S. G. (March 1993). "Barbiturate anticonvulsants in refractory affective disorders". Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. 5 (1 ...

*Occupational health psychology

Occupational characteristics and the occurrence of psychotic disorders. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 26, 273 ... Psychological distress is often expressed in affective (depressive), psychophysical or psychosomatic (e.g., headaches, stomach ... such as substance abuse and co-morbid mental disorders, can plague sufferers. However, personality disorders can also bring ... Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and pain to the joints and muscles of the body. Approximately 2.5 million ...

*Rs6265

... and stress is a non-specific but substantial risk factor for affective, anxiety, eating and psychotic disorders, Notaras et al ... meta-analysis of case-control studies confirm association to substance-related disorders, eating disorders, and schizophrenia ... A number of studies have examined the role of this polymorphism in risk of neuropsychiatric disorders , including schizophrenia ... Another 2007 meta-analysis could, however, find no association between the SNP and schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Meta- ...
Atypical antipsychotics have been found not only to be beneficial in the treatment of psychotic disorders, but even for depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. Remarkably, preliminary data suggest that the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine has antidepressive properties. Until now, there is limited knowledge concerning the efficacy of quetiapine in major depressive illness and especially in psychotic depression. In our own clinical practice, several patients with psychotic depression were successfully treated with quetiapine as add-on therapy or as monotherapy. On the background of that, the convincing effects of quetiapine in bipolar depression, single-case reports and pilot studies concerning its effectiveness in depressive mood states in psychotic disorders as well as our clinical experiences, it is to assume that a treatment with quetiapine over a 6 weeks period show similar effects in major depressive episode with psychotic features, i.e. psychotic depression. In this pilot study ...
Objective: Several investigations suggest that mifepristone leads to the rapid amelioration of psychotic depression. However, these studies were of short duration (1 week or less) and included subjects who were taking other psychotropic medications. The goals of this study were to extend these findings by conducting an 8-week trial of mifepristone for subjects with psychotic depression who were taking no concomitant psychiatric medications. Method: Twenty subjects with a DSM-IV major depressive episode with psychotic features (for convenience we use the term psychotic depression) taking no psychotropic medications were given a 6-day course of mifepristone and followed as inpatients for a total of 8 weeks. Nonblinded ratings using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Clinical Global Impressions scale (CGI) were performed at baseline and at the end of weeks 1, 4, and 8. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) was also administered at baseline and after weeks 4 and 8. Subjects ...
BACKGROUND: The optimal pharmacological treatment of unipolar psychotic depression is uncertain. AIMS: To compare the clinical effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for patients with unipolar psychotic depression. METHOD: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. RESULTS: Ten trials were included in the review. We found no evidence that the combination of an antidepressant with an antipsychotic is more effective than an antidepressant alone. This combination was statistically more effective than an antipsychotic alone. CONCLUSIONS: Antidepressant monotherapy and adding an antipsychotic if the patient does not respond, or starting with the combination of an antidepressant and an antipsychotic, both appear to be appropriate options for patients with unipolar psychotic depression. However, clinically the balance between risks and benefits may suggest the first option should be preferred for many patients. Starting with an antipsychotic alone appears to be inadequate.
Major depression with psychotic features (psychotic depression; PD) is a severe, potentially fatal disorder with a high risk of relapse and recurrence [1, 2]. Older adults are at greatest risk of PD, with up to 45% of older inpatients with major depression having psychotic features [3, 4]. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and pharmacotherapy are each efficacious in the treatment of PD [5, 6]. Several factors influence the choice of treatment, including patient preference, clinical acuity, past history of treatment response, side effect profile, and availability of ECT.. When pharmacotherapy is selected, expert guidelines, supported by meta-analytic evidence, recommend a combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic medications for acute treatment [7-9]. However, little is known about the continuation and maintenance treatment of PD. Once an episode of major depression responds to antidepressant medication, the antidepressant needs to be continued to prevent relapse and recurrence of depression ...
Bell, Michael A. and Rothschild, Anthony J., "Psychotic depression: State-of-the-art algorithm improves odds for remission" (2004). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 101 ...
Rothschild, Anthony J. and Schatzberg, Alan F., "Psychotic depression -- a newly recognized subtype" (1993). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 84 ...
Background The association between depression and increased mortality risk in older persons may depend on the severity of the depressive disorder and gender.. Aims To investigate the association between major and mild depressive syndromes and excess mortality in community-living elderly men and women.. Method Depression (Geriatric Mental State AGECAT) was assessed in 4051 older persons, with a 6-year follow-up of community death registers. The mortality risk of neurotic and psychotic depression was calculated after adjustment for demographic variables, physical illness, cognitive decline and functional disabilities.. Results A total of 75% of men and 41% of women with psychotic depression had died at follow-up. Psychotic depression was associated with significant excess mortality in both men and women. Neurotic depression was associated with a 1.67-fold higher mortality risk in men only.. Conclusions In the elderly, major depressive syndromes increase the risk of death in both men and women, but ...
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Background: High rates of postpartum relapse occur in women with histories of bipolar or schizoaffective disorder. These relapses may be triggered by the postdelivery fall in circulating estrogen through alteration of central neurotransmitter (especially dopaminergic) systems. This study tested the hypothesis that estrogen administration after childbirth would prevent postpartum relapse and would alter dopamine receptor sensitivity. Method: Twenty-nine pregnant women with a Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnosis of hypomania (bipolar II), mania (bipolar I), or schizoaffective disorder participated in an open clinical trial. Three transdermal dose regimens of estrogen (17beta-estradiol) were tested. Starting doses were 200 (N = 13), 400 (N = 3), and 800 (N = 13) micrograms/day, beginning within 48 hours after delivery and reduced by one half every 4 days for a total of 12 days. On the fourth day after starting estradiol therapy (before relapse occurred), subjects participated in a neuroendocrine ...
Psychotic depression is often a difficult illness to diagnose and treat. Consider another common scenario. An elderly woman walks into her kitchen and discovers her husband pointing a shotgun at himself. She convinces him to put the gun down and go to see their doctor. She is completely shocked about the suicidal behavior and did not see it coming. They have been married for 40 years. Her husband had no prior history of suicidal behavior or depression. As they talk with his primary care physician, she corroborates that he seemed to have been sleeping well, but seemed less spontaneous and "happy". She was shocked to find out that he had lost about 15 pounds. He is sent to a local hospital where he talks with a psychiatrist and at one point says: "I just could not go on living anymore." Further questioning leads to a discussion of an event that occurred when he was in high school (over 65 years ago) that he was guilty and embarrassed about. His worries about the event continued to build until he ...
The study participants experienced a higher level of relational continuity than informational continuity, similar to studies undertaken elsewhere by Aller et al. [34]. But this finding is different from a Spanish study, which revealed more relational problems than information transference [7].. Patient preferences for a personal choice and individualised relationship with doctors are predictors of relational continuity. However, we found that patients who preferred "free choice of doctors" experienced better relational continuity with specialists, but not with primary care providers. A randomised controlled trial demonstrated that the usual care model under the patients own initiative produced the highest UPC score [35]. Kao et al. also found that patients who have enough choice of providers are more likely to trust their physician [36]. The lack of association between "free choice" and "relational continuity with primary care providers" may be an indication of a lack of confidence of the ...
Amish Study of Major Affective Disorders. Two Tiers of Data Access. The NIGMS Human Genetic Cell Repository has distributed samples from Dr. Janice Egelands studies on bipolar disease in the Old Order Amish since 1982. Samples from approximately 250 subjects have been available with clinical data since the late 1980s. In the last few years Dr. Egeland has collected samples from additional members of the family and submitted additional cell lines prepared by her colleague Dr. Ed Ginns. These cell lines and DNA are now available under limited conditions.. As with any genetic study of a small community or population, there are concerns that the privacy of the extended family might be compromised if the pedigree were openly available on the web catalog. Following discussions with Dr. Egeland and with the input from the NIGMS Scientific Advisory Committee, the Repository has developed a two tier scheme for access to the clinical and pedigree information for the Old Order Amish Major Affective ...
A 35 year old woman was admitted for psychiatric hospitalization with a psychotic disorder. Initially she was diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia. The diagnosis was later changed to major depression with psychotic features. The client met the criteria for depression spectrum disease (Winokur, 1972; Winokur et al., 1973), with alcoholism and depression in her first degree relatives, and single episode unipolar depression. Relapse in this case was likely (Aronson et al., 1988) and relapse considerations were addressed. During a 13 1/2 month period, this client received outpatient chemotherapy and psychotherapy at a community mental health center. Data guided decision making was employed throughout her evaluation and treatment. Her condition required medication that was provided through cooperation with a psychiatric consultant who prescribed an antipsychotic, antidepressant and antiparkinson agent. The course of recovery was complicated by side effects of the medication. A reduction in the clients
We studied the concentration of neurophysin I ( hNPI) and II (hNPII), the hypothalamo-pituitary carriers of vasopressin and oxytocin, in CSF of depressed and schizophrenic patients and age matched controls. Mean hNPI values were lower and mean hNPII values greater in schizophrenics than in controls. Lower hNPI values were observed in unipolar patients than in controls. In bipolar patients however, higher hNPI values were present. Significantly higher hNPII values were observed in bipolar patients than in controls; no difference was present between unipolars and controls. A positive correlation was observed with age in controls and bipolars for hNPII. These data emphasize the interest of studying the neurohypophysal function in affective illness and in schizophrenia. ...
In recent years, considerable data have emerged that psychotic (delusional) depression is characterized by pronounced increases in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and positive responses to combined treatment with tricyclic antidepressants and antipsychotic (dopamine-blocking) agents. Recently, a number of observations in several species, including man, point to glucocorticoids increasing dopamine activity in a variety of tissues and this effect is particularly marked in rat brain mesolimbic dopamine systems. We propose that glucocorticoids enhancement of dopaminergic activity may explain the development of psychosis/delusions in the context of the depressive episode. Data in support of the hypothesis are presented and the identification of possible enzymatic risk factors are discussed. These interactions also have implications for understanding the biology of corticosteroid-induced psychoses in medical patients and some of the psychiatric complications of Cushings Disease.
The researchers say that the risks are highest for children who have experienced a suicide in the nuclear family (brothers, sisters, parents).. Previous studies have concluded that the risk of adult disease can be influenced by genetics, lifestyle and environmental experience. There is also evidence that maternal psychological stress adversely affects the development of the fetus.. Population studies have so far provided weak support for an association between prenatal maternal psychological stress and later psychosis. Researchers from the UK, US and Sweden therefore set out to examine the association between deaths in the family as a form of severe stress to the individual and subsequent psychosis. Data were taken from Statistics Sweden and the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare and children born between 1973 and 1985 in Sweden.. Definitions of psychosis were: non-affective psychosis (including schizophrenia) and affective psychosis (bipolar disorder with psychosis and unipolar ...
First-episode psychosis Advances in Psychiatric APT (2001), Treatment vol. 7, p. (2001), 133 vol. 7, pp Management of first-episode psychosis Elizabeth Spencer, Max Birchwood & Dermot McGovern
Megalomania is a disorder of mentality at which the consciousness or behavior of the person is seriously broken. It is shown in revaluation of own importance, popularity, wealth, power, significance. The megalomania isnt considered as an individual disease, but as a symptom at maniacal syndrome, paranoia, or as one of inferiority complex types.. Causes of disorder development have not been yet investigated, but it is supposed that megalomania causes are:. - strong stressful situations;. - mental injuries;. - complications of general paralysis;. - affective psychoses;. - paraphrenic schizophrenia.. Symptoms of megalomania:. - revaluation by the patient of the importance, physical and mental abilities;. - narcissism (narcissism);. - hyperactivity, garrulity;. - concentration on own thoughts.. - frequent change of mood;. - lack of interest to the opinion of people around;. - aggression in relation to people around;. - sleeplessness.. Disease is dangerous with possible development of a depression ...
The mystical delirium differs in expressed mystical content of patient experiences, his conviction that there is something mysterious, inexplicable. The mystical delirium includes crazy ideas of religious contents, stories of the patient about the other world.. Religious experience requires consideration of religious and mystical states. Naturally, there are differences between not pathological and pathological mystical phenomena. But differences between them arent obvious. Inspirations, revelations, prophecies, apparitions, ecstatic experiences and obsession are known for many millennia. They are understood ambiguously by psychiatrists; isnt found out when they express religious experience and when relate to psychopathology.. The mystical feeling of release and pleasure pulls together religious and mystical states with a maniacal phase of affective psychosis. Voices, orders, feeling of management of the highest forces are similar to a hallucinatory paranoid syndrome. Leaving from the outside ...
A British study says it provides new evidence that marijuana use may boost the risk that people who struggle with psychosis will relapse. But critics said the e
01-9-2018 Patients who have experienced first-episode psychosis (FEP) appear to have significantly lower levels of folate and vitamin D in their blood compared .... ...
My 16 yr old goes in today for his first ever tune-up. None of us know what to expect. We were (he still is) in a state of shock as to the abruptness of it all but his PFTs are done to 58% after being 103 last Nov. What should we expect for the next 14 days?
Have you seen the show my crazy ex? Feel free to share your stories here. We all have a psychotic ex that we wish we could forget about or you regret dating!... asked under Dating
Misidentification phenomena, including the delusion of imposters named after Joseph Capgras, occur in various major psychiatric and neurological disorders but have rarely been studied systematically in broad samples of modern patients. This study investigated the prevalence and correlated clinical factors of Capgras phenomenon in a broad sample of patient-subjects with first-lifetime episodes of psychotic affective and nonaffective disorders.We evaluated 517 initially hospitalized, first-episode psychotic-disorder patients for the prevalence of Capgras phenomenon and its association with DSM-IV-TR diagnoses including schizophreniform, brief psychotic, unspecified psychotic, delusional, and schizoaffective disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar-I disorder and major depression with psychotic features, and with characteristics of interest including antecedent psychiatric and neurological morbidity, onset type and presenting psychopathological phenomena, using standard bivariate and multivariate ...
Several mental disorders can be classified as psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia and manic depression. Psychosis is a defining feature of psychotic disorders, and is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that result in extreme impairment of a persons ability to think clearly. First-episode psychosis refers to the first time someone experiences psychotic symptoms or a psychotic episode. The symptoms can be disturbing and unfamiliar to those who have not previously experienced them. The person experiencing first-episode psychosis may not understand what is happening, and may become confused and distressed. Psychosis is treatable, however, and most people recover. Standard treatment for psychosis entails a combination of behavioral therapy and drug therapy. GRIP is a comprehensive psychosocial intervention for people recovering from an initial episode of non-affective psychosis. The purpose of GRIP is to improve occupational functioning after first-episode psychosis and promote ...
Longitudinal studies beginning from onset of major depressive disorder (MDD) with psychotic features in young adults are rare; therefore, in this study, subjects across a wide age range were included. Since psychotic MDD may be unstable diagnostically, we systematically evaluated such patients prospectively from first episode to ascertain predictors of later diagnostic change.In this prospective naturalistic study, we recruited patients with DSM-IV-TR psychotic MDD from 1989 through 2003 at psychiatric inpatient units in Massachusetts and Italy and followed them from first hospitalization to compare demographic, antecedent, and first-episode clinical characteristics for associations with later changes of diagnosis based on interviews using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, Patient Version.Within a mean (SD) of 4.0 (2.7) years, diagnoses among 107 subjects aged 34.6 (16.2) years (range, 10-82 years) who were experiencing a first lifetime DSM-IV-TR psychotic MDD episode changed in ...
Neuropsychological functioning and jumping to conclusions in recent onset psychosis patients Schizophr Res. 2018 May; 195:366-371. . View in PubMed. Neuropsychological functioning and jumping to conclusions in recent onset psychosis patients Schizophr Res. 2018 05; 195:366-371. . View in PubMed. Development and validation of the Questionnaire of Stressful Life Events (QSLE) J Psychiatr Res. 2017 Dec; 95:213-223. . View in PubMed. Predictive capacity of prodromal symptoms in first-episode psychosis of recent onset Early Interv Psychiatry. 2017 Nov 08. . View in PubMed. Randomized control trial to assess the efficacy of metacognitive training compared with a psycho-educational group in people with a recent-onset psychosis Psychol Med. 2017 Jul; 47(9):1573-1584. . View in PubMed. Development and validation of the Questionnaire of Stressful Life Events (QSLE) J Psychiatr Res. 2017 12; 95:213-223. . View in PubMed. Influence of cognition, premorbid adjustment and psychotic symptoms on psycho-social ...
COGNITION AND EMOTION 2007, 21 (2), Affective asynchrony and the measurement of the affective attitude component Ellen Peters and Paul Slovic Decision Research, Eugene, OR, USA How should the affective
This chapter aims to reflect about the importance and challenges of research on the affective dimension in collaborative information seeking (CIS). This is achieved through three major parts. First,...
Objective: The aim of this study was to construct a rating scale to predict long-term outcome on the basis of clinical and sociodemographic characteristics in patients with symptoms of psychosis who seek psychiatric help for the first time. Method: Patients (N = 153) experiencing their first episode of psychosis (DSM-IV schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, brief psychotic episode, delusional disorder, affective psychosis with mood-incongruent delusions, or psychotic disorder not otherwise specified or being actively psychotic) were consecutively recruited from 17 psychiatric clinics in Sweden from January 1996 through December 1997 (24 months). Baseline characteristics were assessed with an extensive battery of psychiatric rating scales; duration of untreated psychosis, premorbid characteristics, and cognitive functioning were also assessed. The relationship between baseline characteristics and the 5-year outcome was analyzed using a stepwise logistic regression ...
We investigated these issues in a group of patients with schizophrenia (n=94), affective psychosis (n=63), other psychosis (n=26); their respective first-degree relatives (total n=183) and a control group (n=85). A narrow definition of mixed-handedness was used corresponding to groups 5 and 6 as defined by the Annett Handedness Questionnaire.. We found an excess of mixed-handedness in the schizophrenic group compared with controls (OR=5.2, 1.4-18.6, p,0.006). There was no difference between the other psychotic groups and controls. There was a trend for an excess of mixed-handedness in the first-degree relatives (n=99) of schizophrenic patients (p=0.055), but not in the relatives of affective or other psychotic patients. There was a striking linear trend in the proportion of mixed-handedness between controls, the relatives and the schizophrenic patients (chi2=7.0, p=0.008). There was no association between mixed-handedness and a history of pregnancy or birth complications in the schizophrenic ...
Description of disease Schizoaffective Disorder. Treatment Schizoaffective Disorder. Symptoms and causes Schizoaffective Disorder Prophylaxis Schizoaffective Disorder
Heretofore the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and affective disorder have been unclear. Evidence from family, twin and adoption studies indicate that both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the etiology of these diseases. Molecular genetics studies suggest that they may be heterogenous and polygenic diseases. Despite the widely accepted view that schizophrenia and affective disorder represent independent illnesses and have different modes of inheritance, some data in the literature suggest that these diseases may share some genetic susceptibility. Many linkage analyses have suggested that the chromosome 6q region could harbor susceptibility loci to schizophrenia. Recently loci for affective disorder were reported to map in the 6q region. These results suggest that the relationship between chromosome 6q and susceptibility to schizophrenia or affective disorder deserves further study. Craddock et al [4] by meta-analysis and Kohn et al [29] by a topographic approach reviewed all ...
Lutgens, D., Malla, A., Joober, R. and Iyer, S. (2015), The impact of caregiver familiarity with mental disorders on timing of intervention in first-episode psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 9: 388-396. doi: 10.1111/eip.12121 ...
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Previous studies provide evidence for a genetic component for susceptibility to bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in the old-order Amish population. El-Mallakh and Wyatt [1995: Biol Psychiatry 37:235-244] have suggested that the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase may be a candidate gene for BPAD. This study examines the relationship between BPAD in the old-order Amish cohort and the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha1 and beta3 subunit genes (ATP1A3, ATP1B3). A total of 166 sibling pairs were analyzed for linkage via nonparametric methods. Suggestive levels of statistical significance were not reached in any stratification model for affective illness. Overall, the results do not support linkage of bipolar disorder to the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha subunit gene (ATP1A3) and beta subunit gene (ATP1B3) in these old-order Amish families and they show that these Na(+),K(+)-ATPase subunit genes are not major effect genes (|or=fourfold increased genetic risk of disease) for BPAD in the old-order Amish pedigrees. We cannot exclude other
Abstract. It is proposed that happiness be classified as a psychiatric disorder and be included in future editions of the major diagnostic manuals under the new name: major affective disorder, pleasant type. In a review of the relevant literature it is shown that happiness is statistically abnormal, consists of a discrete cluster of symptoms, is associated with a range of cognitive abnormalities, and probably reflects the abnormal functioning of the central nervous system. One possible objection to this proposal remains-that happiness is not negatively valued. However, this objection is dismissed as scientifically irrelevant.. PMID: 1619629 ...
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Not all depressions are alike. Severe depression with psychotic features may elude a clinician as they are well masked or not present at the time of the exam. Symptoms ebb and flow, troubled people can be high functioning and we have much to uncover about the conditions of the Germanwings co-pilot.
Schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder are distinct but similar psychotic illnesses that can be managed with treatment. Learn more.
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What is Psychosis? The word psychosis is used to describe conditions which affect the mind, where there is some loss of contact with reality. Psychosis varie...
Question - Is there any problem to work who went to psychosis earlier. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Psychosis, Ask a Psychiatrist
Group: Members Posts: 1 Member No.: 463 Joined: 26-May 09 Ok I have tried everything else offline and am now resorting to trying out some different things online in order to get some ...
Objective: To compare neurological soft signs (NSS) in patients of schizophrenia with onset in childhood (COS), adolescence (AdOS) and adulthood (AOS).. Method: Assessment of NSS in 15 patients of COS and 20 patients each of AdOS and AOS was made using condensed neuropsychiatric examination for NSS.. Results: NSS were significantly more frequent in COS (100%) and AdOS (90%) when compared with AOS (55%) patients. COS patients showed significantly higher scores on temporal and frontal lobe NSS, of which differences between the three groups in temporal lobe NSS disappeared on ancova. Parietal lobe dependent NSS were seen in a few COS patients. The NSS were more in those with lesser IQ, lower education and higher Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale scores.. Conclusion: Findings indicate that earlier onset types may be more strongly associated with a generalized disruption of brain function. Non-suppression of primitive reflexes with cortical maturation in COS point towards disordered ...
Manic-depressive illnesses (Manic-depressive psychoses). These disorders are marked by severe mood swings and a tendency to remission and recurrence. Patients may be given this diagnosis in the absence of a previous history of affective psychosis if there is no obvious precipitating event. This disorder is divided into three major subtypes: manic type, depressed type, and circular type.. 296.1 Manic-depressive illness, manic type ((Manic-depressive psychosis, manic type)). This disorder consists exclusively of manic episodes. These episodes are characterized by excessive elation, irritability, talkativeness, flight of ideas, and accelerated speech and motor activity. Brief periods of depression sometimes occur, but they are never true depressive epi- sodes.. 296.2 Manic-depressive illness, depressed type ((Manic-depressive psychosis, depressed type)). This disorder consists exclusively of depressive episodes. These episodes are characterized by severely depressed mood and by mental and motor ...
My daughter is in detention, and to my surprise they diagnosed her with major depressive disorder severe with psychotic features, audio and visual hallucinations, and anxiety disorder. They have her on 6 meds and when I visit her she seems so sedated and her eyelids are partially closed, but they te
SUMMARY. Aims - To assess in a national sample the ability of GPs to detect psychiatric disorders using a clinical vs. a standardized interview and to characterize the patients that were falsely diagnosed with an anxiety or affective disorder. Methods - This is a national, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey, carried out by GPs on a random sample of their patients. The GPs were randomly divided into two groups. Apart from the routine clinical interview, the experimental group (group A) had to administer the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results - Data was collected by 143 GPs. 17.2% of all patients had a clinical diagnosis of an affective disorder, and 25.4% a clinical diagnosis of an anxiety disorder. In group A, the number of clinical diagnoses was about twice that of MINI diagnoses for affective disorders and one and a half times that for anxiety disorders. The majority of clinical diagnoses were represented by MINI subsyndromal cases (52.3%). Females showed a ...
What is a good birth control method for someone with bipolar disorder with psychotic features? My wife recently stopped taking Depo Provera, which I believe may have contributed to yet another psychoti...
Background. In order to gauge the impact of the HIV epidemic on psychotic disorders, the magnitude and causal direction of the association between HIV infection and psychosis need to be examined closely. Objective. To determine the HIV seropositivity rate among adult patients presenting with first-episode psychosis (FEP) to Town Hill Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. Design. A cross-sectional, point-prevalence study was done over a 6-month period. Results. Of the 63 FEP patients in the study, 48 tested HIV-negative and 15 tested positive, giving a seroprevalence rate of 23.8%. Conclusion. The prevalence of HIV seropositivity is high among patients with FEP.
Reliability and validity of depressive personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry, 1998; 155:1044-1048.. 31. Papolos DF, Veit S, Faedda GL, Saito T, Lachman HM. Ultra-ultra rapid cycling bipolar disorder is associated with the low activity catecholamine-O-methyltransferase. Molecular Psychiatry, 1998; 3:346-349.. 32. Tohen M, Hennen J, Zarate CM Jr, Baldessarini RJ, Strakowski SM, Stoll AL, Faedda GL, Suppes T, Gebre-Medhin P, Cohen BM. Two-year syndromal and functional recovery in 219 cases of first-episode major affective disorder with psychotic features. Am J Psychiatry, 2000; 157:220-228.. 33. Tohen M, Strakowski SM, Zarate C Jr, Hennen J, Stoll AL, Suppes T, Faedda GL, Cohen BM, Gebre-Medhin P, Baldessarini RJ. The McLean-Harvard first-episode project: 6-month symptomatic and functional outcome in affective and nonaffective psychosis. Biol Psychiatry, 2000; 48:467-76.. 34. Faedda GL, Tondo L, Baldessarini RJ. Lithium Discontinuation: Uncovering Latent Bipolar Disorder? Am J Psychiatry, 2001; ...
Schizoaffective disorder is characterized by the symptoms of schizophrenia coupled with the symptoms of depression, major depression, manic disorder, or mood swings of bipolar disorder. Diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder is a challenge even to expert physicians because of the mixed symptoms that correspond to various other disorders.
Learn symptoms, prognosis, and treatment of schizoaffective disorder, a mental illness featuring schizophrenia and a mood disorder -- depression or bipolar disorder. Its estimated that about 0.32% of the U.S. population has schizoaffective disorder.
View Notes - chapter 16 notes from PSYC 211 at McGill. CHAPTER 16: Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders Schizophrenia affects approx 1% of worlds population. Has been around for 1000s of
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM F33.2 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
As demonstrated by this report published in 1991, researchers have long noted a type of recurring seasonal affective disorder that occurs in summer (a
Brief psychotic disorder is a condition characterized by sudden and short-term psychoses (often reffered to as a psychotic episode or psychotic break)
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Psychosis or psychotic disorders describe illnesses that can cause you to have distorted thoughts or lose touch with reality. Schizophrenia and psychosis
Find Psychosis Therapists, Psychologists and Psychosis Counseling in 11788, get help for Psychosis in 11788, get help with Schizophrenia in 11788.
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List of 92 disease causes of Psychotic Behaviour, patient stories, diagnostic guides, 59 drug side effect causes, 75 drug interaction causes. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Psychotic Behaviour.
This is my story about raising a schizoaffective teen, and the dos and donts of parenting a child with this complex, bizarre, and stressful disorder.
This is my story about raising a schizoaffective teen, and the dos and donts of parenting a child with this complex, bizarre, and stressful disorder.
Hi all, I am new to this group, and to be up front, I am not schizofrenic, I have schizoaffective disorder, which is a similar psychosis, as in, I hear voices, and.....
Psychosis is a mental condition in which a person has a severe mental break with reality. People with psychosis typically have...
The Center for Depression, Anxiety and Stress Research - directed by Diego A. Pizzagalli, Ph.D. - embraces a multi-disciplinary approach to improve our understanding of affective disorders.
The Center for Depression, Anxiety and Stress Research - directed by Diego A. Pizzagalli, Ph.D. - embraces a multi-disciplinary approach to improve our understanding of affective disorders.
Teva-Tryptophan: L-tryptophan is used in addition to antidepressants to treat bipolar affective disorder. It works by affecting the levels of certain chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters.
This is a follow up to last nights post. Regarding my bipolar disorder, I have been doing very well for the past four years or so thanks to the therapy and the meds. I am, and have been, very stable. I successfully hold down a job as a manager of people, and overall function as a "normal" human being. I live a fairly regular life and as you can see from my posts, do fairly regular things with my life. I am lucky. I know people with this disorder that cant lead decent lives or are pretty much incapacitated by it ...
If you have a question about this talk, please contact .. Abstract not available. This talk is part of the Cambridge Philosophical Society series.. ...
White matter abnormalities constitute one element of the network dysfunction that underlies affective disorders: differences between the white matter of subjects with affective disorders and control subjects have been identified using a range of neuroimaging and histological techniques. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can uniquely study the orientation and integrity of white matter tracts and is thus an ideal tool to shed light on white matter abnormalities in subjects with affective disorders. Here, we systematically review DTI studies of affective disorders. We identified DTI studies of affective disorders from EMBASE and MEDLINE and searched the reference lists of relevant papers. Twenty-seven articles comparing subjects with affective disorders with control subjects were included in the review, with eight studies included in a meta-analysis of superior frontal regions. Twenty-one of 27 studies found significantly lower anisotropy in subjects with affective disorders compared with control subjects,
Background: The gene ANK3 is implicated in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. The present study investigated the influence of this gene on cognitive performance and brain structure among individuals with first-episode psychosis (FEP). The brief illness duration of an FEP sample makes it well suited for studying the effects of genetic variation.. Methods: We genotyped 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs1938526 and rs10994336) in ANK3 in patients with FEP. Multivariate analysis of variance compared risk allele carriers and noncarriers on 6 domains of cognition consistent with MATRICS consensus. A subsample of 82 patients was assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. We compared brain structure between carriers and noncarriers using cortical thickness analysis and voxelbased morphometry on white matter.. Results: In the 173 patients with FEP included in our study, rs1938526 and rs10994336 were in very high linkage disequilibrium (d = 0.95), and analyses were therefore only carried out on ...
Based on limited data, it is generally thought that pregnancy may protect against recurrence of major affective disorders or suicide. The postpartum period, however, is widely considered a high-risk period for recurrence of potentially severe and life-threatening episodes of major affective disorders. Use of antimanic agents (lithium, valproate, carbamazepine) is complicated because of the balance between some fetal teratogenic risk, the risk of untreated psychiatric illness during pregnancy and the early relapse of manic-depressive illness following cessation of medication. Viguera and associates studied whether pregnancy is associated with a greater or lesser risk of recurring mania or bipolar depression, and whether pregnant and nonpregnant women respond differently to treatment cessation.. Women with bipolar illness who discontinued lithium maintenance treatment were evaluated. Forty-two pregnant women were followed throughout pregnancy and for 24 weeks postpartum and compared with 59 ...
Medication Changes for Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder … People with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder are no strangers to medication changes (Mental Health Medication Changes Require a Doctors Input).
Schizoaffective disorder is the name of a mental health condition that simultaneously produces some of the symptoms commonly associated with schizophrenia and some of the symptoms commonly associated with mood disorders such as major depression or bipolar disorder.
For German group : All Patients With Bipolar Affective Disor...... For German group : All Patients With Bipolar Affective Disorder, P-value < 0.05 , OR=1.33, 95CI=1.06-1.68.Patients With a History of Psychotic Symptoms, P-value < 0.01 , OR=1.46, 95CI=1.12-1.91. Patients With No History of Psychotic Symptoms, P-value > 0.05 , OR=1.03, 95CI=0.73-1.46. For Polish group: All Patients With Bipolar Affective Disorder, P-value > 0.05 , OR=1.09, 95CI=0.86-1.39.Patients With a History of Psychotic Symptoms, P-value > 0.05 , OR=1.09, 95CI=0.79-1.49. Patients With No History of Psychotic Symptoms, P-value > 0.05 , OR=1.48, 95CI=0.96-2.28 More... ...
Find out about brief psychotic disorder symptoms (delusions, hallucinations), treatment, and criteria. Brief psychotic disorder is a short-term illness with psychotic symptoms.
MDGuidelines is the most trusted source of disability guidelines, disability durations, and return to work information on bipolar affective disorder depressed.
Brief psychotic disorder is a mental disorder with sudden episodes of psychosis characterized by delusion, hallucination and disorganized behavior which does not meet the criteria for schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.
Being schizoaffective is like having manic depression and schizophrenia at the same time. It has a quality all its own though which is harder to pin down
Do You Steroid Psychosis? Join friendly people sharing true stories in the I Steroid Psychosis group. Find support forums, advice and chat with groups who share this life experience.
Most of us are familiar with the winter blues, the depression-like symptoms known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, that occurs when the shorter days of winter limit our exposure to natural light and make us more ...
Emily Gavigan was convinced that a nearby truck was following her. Someone was after her. She was a sophomore at the University of Scranton in January 2009 when the bizarre behavior began, said her father, Bill. Her parents noticed that she had been rambling, not making any sense.
... is a chronic mental health condition characterized primarily by symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, and symptoms of a mood disorder, such as mania and depression. Because schizoaffective disorder is less well-studied than the other two conditions, many interventions are borrowed from their treatment approaches.. Many people with schizoaffective disorder are often incorrectly diagnosed at first with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia because it shares symptoms of multiple mental health conditions.. Schizoaffective disorder is seen in about 0.3% of the population. Men and women experience schizoaffective disorder at the same rate, but men often develop the illness at an earlier age. Schizoaffective disorder can be managed effectively with medication and therapy. Co-occurring substance use disorders are a serious risk and require integrated treatment.. ...
Patients with schizophrenia have intact ability to experience emotion, but empirical evidence suggests that they fail to translate emotional salience into effortful behavior. Previous research in patients with chronic schizophrenia suggests that working memory is important in integrating emotion and behavior.. Dr. CHAN Raymond and his team from the Institute of Psychology of Chinese Academy of Sciences have examined emotion-behavior coupling in patients with first-episode schizophrenia. This work is based on a joint research-clinical programme of early psychosis intervention between Castle Peak Hospital in Hong Kong and Institute of Psychology. Dr. LUI Simon (a former doctoral graduate of Dr. Chan) is the person in-charge of the early psychosis programme.. Participants were 72 patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 61 healthy controls. All participants completed a sophistical behavioral paradigm which elicited their emotion using IAPS pictures and measured their effortful behavior for ...
Mechanisms underlying the female preponderance in affective disorders are poorly understood. Here we show that hippocampal nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in the sex difference of depression-like behaviors in rodents. Female mice had substantially lower NO production in the hippocampus and were significantly more likely to display negative affective behaviors than their male littermates. Eliminating the difference in the basal hippocampal NO level between male and female mice mended the sex gap of affective behaviors. Estradiol exerted a positive control on hippocampal NO production via estrogen receptor-β-mediated neuronal NO synthase expression. Thus, low estrogen in the female hippocampus accounts for lower local NO than in the male hippocampus. Although estrogen has important significance in modulating affective behaviors, it is not estrogen but NO in the hippocampus that mediates the sex difference of affective behaviors directly, because hippocampal NO was necessary for the behavioral ...
Fifty-nine psychotic patients with acute onset of illness, who had been interviewed about their experience of stressful life events before the episode, were followed up for an average of 42 months. Thirty patients (51%) had experienced a stressful life event in the 3 months immediately before onset (EV+), 29 had not (EV-). In patients with an RDC diagnosis of affective disorder or unspecified functional psychosis, the presence of stressful life events was associated subsequently with milder symptom severity, less time spent in hospital, more treatment for depressive symptoms and less for psychotic symptoms. In schizophrenia, differences were less apparent, but patients with event associated episodes had less need of anti-psychotic maintenance medication over the follow-up period and tended to have spent more time in complete remission. EV+ schizophrenic subjects also had higher morbid risk for schizophrenia in their first degree relatives, and tended to be female and to have less typical ...
Childhood maltreatment is associated with increased body mass index and increased C-reactive protein levels in first-episode psychosis patients - Volume 42 Issue 9 - N. Hepgul, C. M. Pariante, S. Dipasquale, M. DiForti, H. Taylor, T. R. Marques, C. Morgan, P. Dazzan, R. M. Murray, V. Mondelli
Dr Segundo Mesa Castillo Psychiatric Hospital of Havana, Cuba SUMMARY Eighteen psychotic patients meeting the DSM-IIIR criteria for schizophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis were treated with antiviral drugs-aciclovir and interferon or aciclovir alone- plus the conventional treatment for more than eight months. Before treatment was begun, a biological test (BT) was performed on blood and…
An apparent suicidal feline attraction and risk behavioural profile among untreated infected individuals was clearly evident here. Under natural conditions, these are all behavioural traits likely to increase predation rate by the definitive host and hence completion of the parasites life cycle (Webster 2001), either through increased risk behaviours (presence in areas with evidence of cat presence), conspicuousness (increased activity or still and exposed), or through decreased attention on predator avoidance (grooming in exposed areas) relative to their untreated uninfected counterparts (figure 2, table 2). Treatment of infected rats with, in order of decreasing efficacy: HAL, PD and VAL, reduced these predator-risk behavioural traits. Therefore, our results lend support to the hypothesis that the anti-psychotic and mood stabilizing activity of some medications used in the treatment of schizophrenia and human affective disorder may be augmented through their inhibitory impact upon T. gondii in ...
View Notes - Test 4 from CLP 4144 at FIU. Test 4 Schizophrenia/Psychotic D/Os 5 Subtypes Positive Sx Negative Sx Disorganized Sx Schizoaffective Schizophreniform Delusional Disorder Shared Psychotic
Early in my psychiatric career, while treating psychotic patients who had experiences with powerful religious imagery, I started wondering whether the great mystics of the past would have been considered the psychotic patients of the present, and whether the patients I was caring for would have been considered great saints in the past. Is the mystic psychotic? Is the psychotic patient a misunderstood mystic?. When comparing the following two accounts, can you distinguish which one is a description of a psychotic episode and which one a mystical experience? 1. All at once, without warning of any kind, I found myself wrapped in a flame-colored cloud. For an instant I thought of fire, an immense conflagration somewhere close by in that great city; the next, I knew that the fire was within myself. Directly afterward there came upon me a sense of exultation, of immense joyousness accompanied or immediately followed by an intellectual illumination impossible to describe. Among other things, I did not ...
A person with brief psychotic disorder experiences some of the symptoms of schizophrenia, but the symptoms last less than one month. A diagnosis o
Influential theories have argued that affective processing is fundamentally different from cognitive processing. Others have suggested that theoretical boundaries between affective and cognitive processing are artificial and inherently problematic. Over recent years, different positions on these issues have fueled many empirical studies investigating the mechanisms underlying cognitive and affective processing. Where and on what basis should we draw the line between cognition and emotion? Are there fundamental distinctions to be made between the way emotion influences cognition and cognition influences emotion? This Research Topic will explore the nature of the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition from a functional perspective. We will focus on the following main questions: • Why and how does emotion drive information processing and cognition steer affective processing? • Are there fundamental differences between these
1 Answer - Posted in: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder - Answer: I was diagnosed with that because i was prescribed seroquel and it gave me ...
After spending three weeks in Mexico this summer without using a computer, and now that I have been back home for a month and am on the internet every day, I can definitely relate to this article. I understand that daily life is becoming more and more intertwined with a virtual reality that we must become dependent on ...
Peripartum onset is specified if the onset to symptoms occurs during pregnancy or 4 weeks following delivery. Postpartum mood (major depressive or manic) occurs in 1 in 500 to 1 in 1000 deliveries. The risk of postpartum with psychotic features is increased for women with a history of depression, bipolar disorder or a family history of bipolar (DSM-5). Additional specifies include anxious distress, mixed features, melancholic, atypical features, mood-incongruent psychotic features, mood-congruent psychotic features, catatonia, and seasonal pattern.. The incidence of Major Depressive disorder in 18 to 20 year olds is three times that of 60 year olds. Onset is more common in adolescence, but can appear at any age. Females are diagnosed with depression 1.5 to 3 times more than males (DSM-5). People with depression are at risk of suicide, especially if they have made attempts or threats in the past. According to DSM-5. high levels of negativity, a difficult childhood, and life stressors like divorce ...
For more than quarter of a century it has been recognised that traditional antipsychotic drugs, prescribed in therapeutic doses, can cause symptomatic hyperprolactinaemia.1 Unlike the extrapyramidal side effects of these drugs, hyperprolactinaemia has attracted little clinical and scientific interest. This is despite the fact that it is common, causes distressing endocrine symptoms, and has potential long term complications. The widespread use of antipsychotic drugs in a variety of psychiatric conditions-including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychotic depression, and anxiety disorders-and the recent introduction of prolactin sparing atypical antipsychotics make it timely to review this syndrome.. Antipsychotic drugs are thought to exert their therapeutic effect by an antidopaminergic action in the mesolimbic system, whereas their effect of raising prolactin is mediated by the blockade of dopamine D2 receptors on pituitary lactotrophs. An early prospective but uncontrolled study found that ...
Looking for online definition of neurotic in the Medical Dictionary? neurotic explanation free. What is neurotic? Meaning of neurotic medical term. What does neurotic mean?

Seasonal affective disorder: Epidemiology, clinical features, assessment, and diagnosisSeasonal affective disorder: Epidemiology, clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis

The term seasonal affective disorder (SAD) describes episodes of major depression, mania, or hypomania that regularly occur ... Seasonal affective disorder - Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is defined as recurrent episodes of major depression, mania, or ... Seasonal affective disorder: Epidemiology, clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis. Author. David Avery, MD. David Avery, ... Seasonal affective disorder. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74:1521.. *Avery DH, Kouri ME, Monaghan K, et al. Is dawn simulation ...
more infohttps://www.uptodate.com/contents/seasonal-affective-disorder-epidemiology-clinical-features-assessment-and-diagnosis

Analysis of TBX1 Variation in Patients with Psychotic and Affective Disorders | Springer for Research & DevelopmentAnalysis of TBX1 Variation in Patients with Psychotic and Affective Disorders | Springer for Research & Development

... including schizophrenia and other psychotic and affective symptoms, and the responsible gene/s... ... bipolar disorder (n = 82), major depression (n = 29), psychotic disorder NOS (20), and affective disorder NOS (22). The control ... affective disorders, anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorders, and attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity ... and affective disorder only (bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder). Allelic and haplotypic χ2 tests were conducted to ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.2119%2F2006-00119.Funke

Comparing psychotic and affective disorders by musculoskeletal structural examination | The Journal of the American Osteopathic...Comparing psychotic and affective disorders by musculoskeletal structural examination | The Journal of the American Osteopathic...

Psychotic and affective disorders each tend to affect a different portion of the musculoskeletal system, with psychotic ... Comparing psychotic and affective disorders by musculoskeletal structural examination Jan Lei Iwata, PharmD,, DO, MS; J. Jerry ... Comparing psychotic and affective disorders by musculoskeletal structural examination You will receive an email whenever this ... Comparing psychotic and affective disorders by musculoskeletal structural examination. The Journal of the American Osteopathic ...
more infohttp://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2099179

Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite...Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite...

Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite ... Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite ... Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite ... Parasites as causative agents of human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite ...
more infohttp://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/273/1589/1023

ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.33 : Major depressive affective disorder, recurrent episode, severe, without mention of psychotic...ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 296.33 : Major depressive affective disorder, recurrent episode, severe, without mention of psychotic...

Major depressive affective disorder, recurrent episode, severe, without mention of psychotic behavior ... Home > 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Mental Disorders 290-319 > Other Psychoses 295-299 > Episodic mood disorders 296- ... 2015/16 ICD-10-CM F33.2 Major depressive disorder, recurrent severe without psychotic features ...
more infohttp://www.icd9data.com/2015/Volume1/290-319/295-299/296/296.33.htm

Cognitive impairment from early to middle adulthood in patients with affective and nonaffective psychotic disorders |...Cognitive impairment from early to middle adulthood in patients with affective and nonaffective psychotic disorders |...

Cognitive impairment from early to middle adulthood in patients with affective and nonaffective psychotic disorders - Josephine ... Journal of Affective Disorders 164, 130-138.. Schatzberg, AF, Posener, JA, DeBattista, C, Kalehzan, BM, Rothschild, AJ and ... but also differences in the profile of cognitive dysfunction in adults with affective and nonaffective psychotic disorders. ... Neuropsychological function and dysfunction in schizophrenia and psychotic affective disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin 35, 1022 ...
more infohttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/cognitive-impairment-from-early-to-middle-adulthood-in-patients-with-affective-and-nonaffective-psychotic-disorders/E415A248B2107675AD6611C5A451BB76

1/3:Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders - David Glahn1/3:Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders - David Glahn

Our goal is to identify genes that increase risk for affective and psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and ... Our goal is to identify genes that increase risk for affective and psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and ... 1/3:Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders Glahn, David C. Yale University, New Haven, CT ... Affective and psychotic disorders are major public health burdens with unclear etiologies. By identifying risk genes for ...
more infohttp://grantome.com/grant/NIH/U01-MH105630-03

3/3: Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders - Raquel Gur3/3: Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders - Raquel Gur

Our goal is to identify genes that increase risk for affective and psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and ... Our goal is to identify genes that increase risk for affective and psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and ... 3/3: Pedigree-Based Whole Genome Sequencing of Affective and Psychotic Disorders Gur, Raquel E. University of Pennsylvania, ... Affective and psychotic disorders are major public health burdens with unclear etiologies. By identifying risk genes for ...
more infohttp://grantome.com/grant/NIH/U01-MH105634-04

Andrew Gast, PSY - Reviews - Hollywood, FLAndrew Gast, PSY - Reviews - Hollywood, FL

Affective Disorders, Psychotic. *Alcoholism (Alcohol Dependence). *Anxiety. *Anxiety Attack. *Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) ... FL specializing in Major Depressive Disorder, Anxiety. ... Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). *Psychological Disorders ...
more infohttps://www.healthgrades.com/providers/andrew-gast-xfy2m

What findings of gene expression in rat brains have increased understanding of the pathophysiology of bipolar affective...What findings of gene expression in rat brains have increased understanding of the pathophysiology of bipolar affective...

Another approach to delineating the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder involves studying changes in gene expression induced in ... Access to medical care among persons with psychotic and major affective disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2008 Aug. 59(8):847-52. [ ... What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a type of mental disorder where people ... bipolar disorder and other psychotic disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 Nov. 197(5):386-94. [Medline]. ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/286342-101528/what-findings-of-gene-expression-in-rat-brains-have-increased-understanding-of-the-pathophysiology-of-bipolar-affective-disorder-manic-depressive-illness

What is the focus of treatment for bipolar affective disorder (manic-depressive illness)?What is the focus of treatment for bipolar affective disorder (manic-depressive illness)?

The treatment of bipolar disorder is directly related to the phase of the episode (ie, depression or mania) and the severity of ... Access to medical care among persons with psychotic and major affective disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2008 Aug. 59(8):847-52. [ ... Drugs & Diseases , Psychiatry , Bipolar Disorder Q&A What is the focus of treatment for bipolar affective disorder (manic- ... What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a type of mental disorder where people ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/286342-101503/286342-overview

Amitriptyline  - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | The Medicine ShoppeAmitriptyline - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | The Medicine Shoppe

Affective Disorders, Psychotic. *Depressive Disorder. *Pain. How long have you been taking it?. Choose one ... Bipolar disorder: Amitriptyline can worsen symptoms of bipolar disorder.*Screening for bipolar disorder should occur in ... and young adults in short-ter studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psyciatric disorders. Anyone considering the ... Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of ...
more infohttps://www.medicineshoppe.com/amitriptyline

Frontiers | Exploring the Psychosis Functional Connectome: Aberrant Intrinsic Networks in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder |...Frontiers | Exploring the Psychosis Functional Connectome: Aberrant Intrinsic Networks in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder |...

... and individuals with bipolar disorder, while performing an auditory oddball task. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share ... Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share significant overlap in clinical symptoms, brain characteristics, and risk genes which ... and risk genes which motivates our goal of identifying whether functional imaging data can differentiate the two disorders. We ... comprehensive analysis of intrinsic networks reveals a key role for the default mode in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2011.00075/full

Extrapyramidal side effects in chlorpromazine recipients: emergence according to benztropine prophylaxis.Extrapyramidal side effects in chlorpromazine recipients: emergence according to benztropine prophylaxis.

Affective Disorders, Psychotic / drug therapy. Basal Ganglia Diseases / chemically induced, prevention & control*. Benztropine ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Extrapyramidal-side-effects-in-chlorpromazine/889418.html

Bipolar Affective Disorder Differential DiagnosesBipolar Affective Disorder Differential Diagnoses

Bipolar affective disorder, or manic-depressive illness (MDI), is a common, severe, and persistent mental illness. This ... Access to medical care among persons with psychotic and major affective disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2008 Aug. 59(8):847-52. [ ... What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a type of mental disorder where people ... bipolar disorder and other psychotic disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 Nov. 197(5):386-94. [Medline]. ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286342-differential

Bipolar Affective Disorder Medication: Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines, Mood stabilizers, Anticonvulsants, Antipsychotics, 2nd...Bipolar Affective Disorder Medication: Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines, Mood stabilizers, Anticonvulsants, Antipsychotics, 2nd...

Bipolar affective disorder, or manic-depressive illness (MDI), is a common, severe, and persistent mental illness. This ... Access to medical care among persons with psychotic and major affective disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2008 Aug. 59(8):847-52. [ ... What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a type of mental disorder where people ... bipolar disorder and other psychotic disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 Nov. 197(5):386-94. [Medline]. ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286342-medication

Prevalence of Causes of Symptom: Restlessness  - RightDiagnosis.comPrevalence of Causes of Symptom: Restlessness - RightDiagnosis.com

Affective Disorders, Psychotic... excitement *Akathisia... restlessness *Alcohol Withdrawal... psychomotor agitation *Alcohol- ... Impulse Control Disorders... Agitation *Inborn urea cycle disorder... agitation *Inhalant abuse... agitation *Inhalant ... Behavioural disorders... Agitated *Bernheims syndrome... restlessness *Bipolar disorder... agitation *Brain Fag syndrome... ... Anxiety disorders (6 causes), Nervousness (61 causes), Sleep problems (1450 causes), Boredom, Attention deficit disorder, ...
more infohttps://www.rightdiagnosis.com/symptoms/restlessness.htm

Restlessness - RightDiagnosis.comRestlessness - RightDiagnosis.com

Affective Disorders, Psychotic ... excitement*Akathisia ... restlessness*Alcohol Withdrawal ... psychomotor agitation*Alcohol- ... RLS sleep disorder causing night-time leg sensations often misdiagnosed: A common but relatively unknown sleep-related disorder ... Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder *Puberty *Thyrotoxicosis *Post-traumatic stress disorder *Panic attacks *more common ... Anxiety disorders (30 causes) *Nervousness (73 causes) *Sleep problems (1476 causes) *Boredom *Attention deficit disorder * ...
more infohttps://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/restlessness.htm

Schizoaffective Disorder | Encyclopedia.comSchizoaffective Disorder | Encyclopedia.com

This condition involves both psychotic symptoms and conspicuous, long-enduring, severe symptoms of mood disorder. ... One of the most challenging mental disorders to identify accurately and treat appropriately is schizoaffective disorder. ... "affective" (mood) disorder-depression or bipolar disorder. In patients with schizoaffective disorder, mood and psychotic ... Medical and neurological disorders that mimic psychotic/affective disorders.. Treatment. Antipsychotic medications used to ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/schizoaffective-disorder

Web-Based Weight Management for Individuals With Mental Illness - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govWeb-Based Weight Management for Individuals With Mental Illness - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Mental Disorders. Psychotic Disorders. Mood Disorders. Affective Disorders, Psychotic. Pathologic Processes. Schizophrenia ... diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, recurrent major depressive disorder with psychosis, or ... Mental Disorders Schizophrenia Affective Disorders, Psychotic Overweight Obesity Behavioral: eWellness Detailed Description:. ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01324973?recr=Open&cond=%22Mental+Disorders%22&rank=7

Emotional Effects of Methylphenidate and MDMA in Healthy Subjects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govEmotional Effects of Methylphenidate and MDMA in Healthy Subjects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Psychotic or affective disorder in first-degree relatives. *Prior illicit drug use (except THC-containing (tetrahydrocannabinol ... Current or previous psychotic or affective disorder. * ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01465685

Smoking Cessation for Veterans With Severe and Persistent Mental Illness - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govSmoking Cessation for Veterans With Severe and Persistent Mental Illness - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Psychotic Disorders. Mood Disorders. Mental Disorders. Affective Disorders, Psychotic. Bipolar Disorder. Pathologic Processes. ... Schizoaffective Disorder Schizophrenia Affective Psychosis, Bipolar Affective Disorders, Psychotic Behavioral: BTSCS Behavioral ... Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders. Bipolar and Related Disorders. Carbon Monoxide. Antimetabolites. ... Schizophrenic disorders, affective psychoses and other psychotic diagnoses. We also include individuals with a diagnosis of ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00960375

Pamelor  - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWikiPamelor - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWiki

Affective Disorders, Psychotic. *Anxiety Disorders. *Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity. *Depressive Disorder ... and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering ... Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of ...
more infohttps://rxwiki.com/pamelor
  • Recognizing the disorder is important because SAD is common and associated with psychosocial impairment [ 1,2 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • That there were no associations between social cognition and the capacity to self-regulate negative emotion in SZ and BD (in the context of poor social cognition and maladaptive regulatory strategies) suggests that dysfunction in fronto-limbic brain networks may underpin both social cognitive deficits and the use of maladaptive cognitive strategies in these disorders, albeit by potentially different routes. (frontiersin.org)
  • We propose an eight site international consortium designed to identify rare causal variants for affective and psychotic illnesses using extended multiplex pedigrees. (grantome.com)
  • Using cross-sectional data from a case-control study of African-American adults with affective ( n = 59) and nonaffective ( n = 68) psychotic disorders, we examined cognitive functioning between early and middle adulthood (ages 20-60) on measures of general cognitive ability, language, abstract reasoning, processing speed, executive function, verbal memory, and working memory. (cambridge.org)
  • VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for management of bipolar disorder in adults. (medscape.com)
  • For example, investigators have demonstrated that 2 chemically unrelated drugs (lithium and valproate) used to treat bipolar disorder both upregulate the expression of the cytoprotective protein Bcl-2 in the frontal cortex and the hippocampus of rat brains. (medscape.com)
  • We demonstrate that, while T. gondii appears to alter the rats' perception of predation risk turning their innate aversion into a 'suicidal' feline attraction, anti-psychotic drugs prove as efficient as anti- T. gondii drugs in preventing such behavioural alterations. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are associated with impairments in facial emotion perception and Theory of Mind (ToM). (frontiersin.org)
  • A genome-wide association study implicates diacylglycerol kinase eta (DGKH) and several other genes in the etiology of bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
  • She specializes in the study of violent individuals and people with Dissociative Identity Disorder, formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder. (wikipedia.org)