The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Prejudice or discrimination based on gender or behavior or attitudes that foster stereotyped social roles based on gender.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Entities sponsored by local hospitals, physician groups, and other licensed providers which are affiliated through common ownership or control and share financial risk whose purpose is to deliver health care services.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
A direct communication system, usually telephone, established for instant contact. It is designed to provide special information and assistance through trained personnel and is used for counseling, referrals, and emergencies such as poisonings and threatened suicides.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Consumer Product Safety refers to the measures and regulations implemented to ensure household items, toys, and other consumer products are designed, manufactured, and distributed in a manner that minimizes risks of harm, injury, or death to consumers during normal use or foreseeable misuse.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Mystical, religious, or spiritual practices performed for health benefit.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.
Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
Pharmacy services accessed via electronic means.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.

Impact of market value on human mate choice decisions. (1/893)

Mate choice strategies are a process of negotiation in which individuals make bids that are constrained by their status in the market place. Humans provide an unusual perspective on this because we can measure their explicitly expressed preferences before they are forced to make any choices. We use advertisements placed in newspaper personal columns to examine, first, the extent to which evolutionary considerations affect the level of competition (or market value) during the reproductively active period of people's lives and, second, the extent to which market value influences individual's willingness to make strong demands of prospective mates. We show that female market value is determined principally by women's fecundity (and, to a lesser extent, reproductive value), while male market value is determined by men's earning potential and the risk of future pairbond termination (the conjoint probability that the male will either die or divorce his partner during the next 20 years). We then show that these selection preferences strongly influence the levels of demands that men and women make of prospective partners (although older males tend to overestimate their market value).  (+info)

Recognition of cigarette brand names and logos by primary schoolchildren in Ankara, Turkey. (2/893)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the smoking behaviour of primary schoolchildren and their ability to recognise brand names and logos of widely advertised cigarettes, compared with other commercial products intended for children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in classroom settings using a questionnaire designed to measure attitudes towards smoking and the recognition of brand names and logos for 16 food, beverage, cigarette, and toothpaste products. SETTING: Ankara, Turkey. SUBJECTS: 1093 children (54.6% boys, 44.4% girls) aged 7-13 years (mean = 10, SD = 1), from grades 2-5. The student sample was taken from three primary schools--one school in each of three residential districts representing high, middle, and low income populations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of ever-smoking, recognition of brand names and logos. RESULTS: Prevalence of ever-smoking was 11.7% overall (13.9% among boys and 9.1% among girls; p < 0.05). Children aged eight years or less had a higher prevalence of ever-smoking (19.6%) than older children (p < 0.002). Ever-smoking prevalence did not differ significantly across the three school districts. Ever-smoking prevalence was higher among children with at least one parent who smoked (15.3%) than among those whose parents did not (4.8%) (p < 0.001). Brand recognition rates ranged from 58.1% for Chee-tos (a food product) to 95.2% for Samsun (a Turkish cigarette brand). Recognition rates for cigarette brand names and logos were 95.2% and 80.8%, respectively, for Samsun; 84.0% and 90.5%, respectively, for Camel; and 92.1% and 69.5%, respectively, for Marlboro. The Camel logo and the Samsun and Marlboro brand names were the most highly recognised of all product logos and brand names tested. CONCLUSIONS: The high recognition of cigarette brand names and logos is most likely the result of tobacco advertising and promotion. Our results indicate the need to implement comprehensive tobacco control measures in Turkey.  (+info)

Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. (3/893)

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

Technology assessment and the drug use process. (4/893)

This activity is designed for pharmacists, physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and other healthcare team members, payers for health services, and healthcare executives. OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of this activity, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the rationale behind, the development of, and the advantages arising from the formulary process, and discuss the health professionals involved in the creation of formularies. 2. Describe the impact of new drug development and technology on the drug use process. 3. Discuss the functions of the pharmacy and therapeutics committee. 4. Describe the impact of consumers on the drug use process.  (+info)

How patient outcomes are reported in drug advertisements. (5/893)

OBJECTIVE: To examine how changes in outcomes are reported in drug advertisements in medical journals. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Advertisements from a convenience sample of 38 issues of Canadian Family Physician, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Canadian Medical Association Journal, and the New England Journal of Medicine. MAIN MESSAGE: Method of reporting changes in clinical outcomes (relative risk reduction [RRR], absolute risk reduction [ARR], number needed to treat [NNT]), name of product, and company marketing product were sought. In the 22 advertisements included in the analysis, 11 reported results as RRRs; two reported results as RRRs, but readers could calculate ARRs or NNTs from figures given in the advertisement; and nine gave no measure of results, but readers could calculate RRRs, ARRs, or NNTs from figures given. CONCLUSIONS: Most companies report changes in outcomes as RRRs, and this bias could influence the way physicians prescribe. Changes to the rules governing journal advertising and increased emphasis on critical appraisal skills would help mitigate this bias.  (+info)

Features of sales promotion in cigarette magazine advertisements, 1980-1993: an analysis of youth exposure in the United States. (6/893)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the presence of features of sales promotion in cigarette advertising in United States magazines, and to describe trends in youth (ages 12-17) exposure to such advertising (termed "promotional advertising"). DESIGN: Analysis of 1980-1993 annual data on: (a) total pages and expenditures for "promotional advertising" (advertising that contains features of sales promotion) in 36 popular magazines (all magazines for which data were available), by cigarette brand; and (b) readership characteristics for each magazine. We defined promotional advertising as advertisements that go beyond the simple advertising of the product and its features to include one or more features of sales promotion, such as coupons, "retail value added" promotions, contests, sweepstakes, catalogues, specialty item distribution, and sponsorship of public entertainment or sporting events. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total pages of, and expenditures for promotional advertising in magazines; and gross impressions (number of readers multiplied by the number of pages of promotional advertising) among youth and total readership. RESULTS: During the period 1980-1993, tobacco companies spent $90.2 million on promotional advertising in the 36 magazines. The proportion of promotional advertising appearing in "youth" magazines (defined as magazines with a greater than average proportion of youth readers) increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 100% in 1987. Although youth readers represented only 19% of magazine readers, the proportion of youth gross impressions to total gross impressions of tobacco promotional advertising exceeded this value throughout the entire period 1985-1993, peaking at 33% in 1987. The five "youth" cigarette brands (defined as brands smoked by at least 2.5% of smokers aged 10-15 years in 1993) accounted for 59% of promotional advertising in all magazines, but for 83% of promotional advertising in youth magazines during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: In their magazine advertising, cigarette companies are preferentially exposing young people to advertisements that contain sales promotional features.  (+info)

Sharing the blame: smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality due to Joe Camel and Marlboro advertising and promotions. (7/893)

BACKGROUND: Despite public denials, internal tobacco company documents indicate that adolescents have long been the target of cigarette advertising and promotional activities. Recent longitudinal evidence suggests that 34% of new experimentation occurs because of advertising and promotions. OBJECTIVE: To apportion responsibility for smoking experimentation and future smoking-attributable mortality among major cigarette brands attractive to young people (Camel and Marlboro). DATA SOURCES, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were from confirmed never-smoking adolescents (12-17 years old) responding to the 1993 (n = 2659) and 1996 (n = 2779) population-based California Tobacco Surveys. MAIN OUTCOMES: Adolescents named the brand of their favourite cigarette advertisements and tobacco promotional items. Using these "market shares" and the relative importance of advertising and promotions in encouraging smoking, we estimated how many new experimenters from 1988 to 1998 in the United States can be attributed to Camel and Marlboro. From other data on the natural history of smoking, we projected how many future deaths in the United States can be attributed to each brand. RESULTS: Although Camel advertisements were favoured more than Marlboro and other brands in 1993 and 1996, the "market share" for promotional items shifted markedly during this period from Camel and other brands towards Marlboro. We estimated that between 1988 and 1998, there will be 7.9 million new experimenters because of tobacco advertising and promotions. This will result in 4.7 million new established smokers: 2.1, 1.2, and 1.4 million due to Camel, Marlboro, and other brands' advertising and promotions, respectively. Of these, 1.2 million will eventually die from smoking-attributable diseases: 520,000 from Camel, 300,000 from Marlboro, and the remainder from other brands. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provides a reasonable first estimate at sharing the blame for the long-term health consequences of smoking among the major brands that encourage adolescents to start smoking.  (+info)

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments. (8/893)

BACKGROUND: Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: African-American and Hispanic students completed questionnaires about their cigarette use, social pressures to smoke, smoking attitudes, smoking knowledge, and smoking resistance skills. Students also provided information on demographic and behavioural control (such as church and school attendance). RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses indicated that social influences from friends and family members predicted smoking. Psychosocial characteristics such as advertising resistance skills, anti-smoking attitudes, and refusal skills lowered the odds of smoking. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that smoking prevention approaches targeted at these young people should increase their awareness of social pressures to smoke, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of smoking among friends, and teach relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

Advertising is a form of communication used to promote or sell products, services, or ideas. In the medical field, advertising is often used by healthcare providers, hospitals, and pharmaceutical companies to reach potential patients or customers. Advertisements may appear in various media formats, such as television, radio, print, online platforms, and outdoor displays.

In the context of medical advertising, it is essential to ensure that all information presented is accurate, balanced, and not misleading. The advertising of prescription medications directly to consumers is regulated by government agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States, to ensure that the benefits and risks of the medication are clearly communicated.

Healthcare providers may also engage in advertising to promote their services or expertise. This can include listing their qualifications, areas of specialization, and patient testimonials. However, healthcare providers must adhere to ethical guidelines and avoid making exaggerated claims about their abilities or the outcomes that patients can expect.

Overall, medical advertising plays an essential role in informing the public about available healthcare options and promoting healthy behaviors. Still, it is crucial to ensure that all advertisements are truthful, transparent, and adhere to ethical standards.

A Tobacco Industry is a commercial sector involved in the cultivation, production, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. This can include growers who produce tobacco leaves, manufacturers who process the leaves into various forms (such as cigarettes, chewing tobacco, or snuff), and companies that market and distribute these products to consumers. It is important to note that the tobacco industry has been associated with significant health risks, as the use of tobacco products can lead to a range of serious health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for the term "marketing." In general, marketing refers to the activities involved in promoting, selling, and distributing a product or service. This can include market research, product development, advertising, public relations, sales, and customer service. Marketing is used in many industries, including healthcare, to connect with and engage customers, build brand awareness, and increase sales.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Television" is a consumer electronic device and does not have a medical definition. It is used for receiving and displaying broadcast television programs through an antenna, satellite dish, or cable provider. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Mass Media" is not a term that has a medical definition. Mass media refers to the means of communication that reach large numbers of people simultaneously, such as television, radio, newspapers, and the Internet. It may be used in a public health context to discuss how information about health-related topics is disseminated to the general population. However, it is not a term that is typically used within the field of medicine to describe a specific medical concept or condition.

The "drug industry" is also commonly referred to as the "pharmaceutical industry." It is a segment of the healthcare sector that involves the research, development, production, and marketing of medications or drugs. This includes both prescription and over-the-counter medicines used to treat, cure, or prevent diseases and medical conditions in humans and animals.

The drug industry comprises various types of organizations, such as:

1. Research-based pharmaceutical companies: These are large corporations that focus on the research and development (R&D) of new drugs, clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals, manufacturing, and marketing their products globally. Examples include Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Roche, and Merck.

2. Generic drug manufacturers: After the patent for a brand-name drug expires, generic drug manufacturers can produce and sell a similar version of the drug at a lower cost. These companies must demonstrate that their product is bioequivalent to the brand-name drug in terms of safety, quality, and efficacy.

3. Biotechnology companies: These firms specialize in developing drugs using biotechnological methods, such as recombinant DNA technology, gene therapy, or monoclonal antibodies. Many biotech companies focus on specific therapeutic areas, like oncology, immunology, or neurology.

4. Contract research organizations (CROs): CROs provide various services to the drug industry, including clinical trial management, data analysis, regulatory affairs support, and pharmacovigilance. They work with both large pharmaceutical companies and smaller biotech firms to help streamline the drug development process.

5. Drug delivery system companies: These organizations focus on developing innovative technologies for delivering drugs more effectively and safely to patients. Examples include transdermal patches, inhalers, or long-acting injectables.

6. Wholesalers and distributors: Companies that purchase drugs from manufacturers and distribute them to pharmacies, hospitals, and other healthcare providers.

The drug industry plays a crucial role in improving public health by discovering, developing, and delivering new treatments for various diseases and medical conditions. However, it is also subject to criticism and regulation due to concerns about high drug prices, marketing practices, and the potential for conflicts of interest between industry and healthcare professionals.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Persuasive Communication" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Persuasive communication is a broader term used in various fields including psychology, sociology, and communications to refer to the process of using communication to influence or persuade others to adopt a particular viewpoint or course of action.

However, in a medical context, communication is a crucial aspect of healthcare delivery, and effective communication skills are essential for healthcare professionals to build trust, ensure informed consent, and promote patient engagement and adherence to treatment plans. This includes being able to effectively communicate complex medical information in a clear and understandable way, as well as being sensitive to patients' emotions, values, and cultural backgrounds.

If you have any specific questions about communication in a medical context or any other healthcare-related topic, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Food Industry" is not a term that has a medical definition. The food industry is a broad category that includes businesses involved in the production, processing, packaging, distribution, and sale of food products. This can include farms, fisheries, manufacturers of food products, grocery stores, restaurants, and more.

If you have any questions related to nutrition or dietary habits and their impact on health, I would be happy to help provide information based on medical knowledge.

"Marketing of Health Services" refers to the application of marketing principles and strategies to promote, sell, and deliver health care services to individuals, families, or communities. This can include activities such as advertising, public relations, promotions, and sales to increase awareness and demand for health services, as well as researching and analyzing consumer needs and preferences to tailor health services to better meet those needs. The ultimate goal of marketing in health services is to improve access to and utilization of high-quality health care while maintaining ethical standards and ensuring patient satisfaction.

I believe you may have mixed up the terms "medicine" and "commerce." Commerce is a broad term that refers to the buying and selling of goods and services. It is not typically used in a medical context, so it does not have a specific medical definition. However, I can provide you with some related terms that might be helpful:

1. Medical commerce: This term generally refers to the business aspects of healthcare, such as the buying and selling of medical supplies, equipment, and services. It may also refer to the economic relationships between various stakeholders in the healthcare system, including providers, insurers, pharmaceutical companies, and patients.
2. Telemedicine commerce: This term specifically refers to the use of technology to facilitate remote consultations and transactions between healthcare providers and patients. Examples include online appointment scheduling, virtual consultations, and electronic prescribing.
3. Medical tourism: This is a form of commerce where people travel to other countries to receive medical treatment or procedures that may be less expensive or more accessible than in their home country. It can also refer to the business of providing medical services to international patients.
4. Healthcare marketing: This term refers to the activities and strategies used by healthcare organizations to promote their products, services, and brands to potential customers. It includes advertising, public relations, social media, content marketing, and other tactics designed to build awareness, generate leads, and drive sales.

I hope this information is helpful! Let me know if you have any further questions or concerns.

In medical terms, "Radio" generally refers to the use of radiation in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions. This can include:

1. Diagnostic Radiology: This is the use of various imaging techniques that utilize different types of radiation to create detailed images of the internal structures of the body. Examples include X-rays, CT scans, and mammography.

2. Interventional Radiology: This is a medical subspecialty that uses minimally invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat various diseases. These procedures often involve the use of radiological imaging techniques to guide catheters or other small instruments through the body to the site of the disease.

3. Radiation Therapy: This is a type of cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

Remember, while radiation is a valuable tool in medicine, it must be used carefully to minimize potential risks such as damage to healthy tissues and the potential for developing secondary cancers.

Alcoholic beverages are drinks that contain ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. The amount of alcohol in a drink is measured in terms of "alcohol content" or "alcohol by volume" (ABV). Different types of alcoholic beverages include:

1. Beer: A fermented beverage made from grains, such as barley, wheat, or rye. The alcohol content of beer typically ranges from 3-6% ABV.
2. Wine: A fermented beverage made from grapes or other fruits. The alcohol content of wine usually falls between 10-15% ABV.
3. Spirits (or liquors): Distilled beverages with higher alcohol content, typically ranging from 40-50% ABV. Examples include vodka, whiskey, rum, gin, and tequila.
4. Fortified wines: Wines that have had a distilled spirit added to them, increasing their alcohol content. Examples include port, sherry, and madeira, which typically contain 17-20% ABV.
5. Malt beverages: Fermented beverages made from malted barley or other grains, with additional flavorings or sweeteners. These can range in alcohol content from around 4-8% ABV.

It is important to note that excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages can lead to various health issues, including addiction, liver disease, and an increased risk of accidents and injuries. Moderate drinking is generally defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men, although individual tolerance and sensitivity to alcohol may vary.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Social Marketing" is not a term typically used in the field of medicine. Instead, it is a marketing strategy that uses commercial marketing techniques and principles to influence the behavior of target audiences in order to improve their personal well-being and that of their communities. This approach has been applied to various public health and healthcare initiatives, such as promoting healthy lifestyles, preventing substance abuse, and increasing vaccination rates.

However, if you're looking for a medical definition related to social aspects or interactions, there might be some confusion. In that case, I would need more context to provide an accurate definition. Could you please clarify your question?

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

Smoking is not a medical condition, but it's a significant health risk behavior. Here is the definition from a public health perspective:

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco that is commonly consumed through cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. The smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances. These toxins contribute to a wide range of diseases and health conditions, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and various other cancers, as well as adverse reproductive outcomes and negative impacts on the developing fetus during pregnancy. Smoking is highly addictive due to the nicotine content, which makes quitting smoking a significant challenge for many individuals.

Government regulation in the context of medicine refers to the rules, guidelines, and laws established by government agencies to control, monitor, and standardize various aspects of healthcare. These regulations are designed to protect patients, promote public health, ensure quality of care, and regulate the healthcare industry. Examples of government regulation in medicine include:

1. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations for drug approval, medical device clearance, and food safety.
2. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regulations for healthcare reimbursement, quality measures, and program eligibility.
3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations for workplace safety in healthcare settings.
4. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations to minimize environmental impacts from healthcare facilities and pharmaceutical manufacturing.
5. State medical boards' regulations for licensing, disciplining, and monitoring physicians and other healthcare professionals.
6. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations for patient privacy and data security.
7. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) regulations for laboratory testing quality and standards.
8. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulations to prevent deceptive or unfair trade practices in healthcare marketing and advertising.
9. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines for evidence-based practice and patient safety.
10. Public Health Service Act (PHSA) regulations related to infectious diseases, bioterrorism preparedness, and substance abuse treatment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Product Packaging" is not a medical term. Product packaging generally refers to the process of designing and producing containers or wrapping for a product. This is typically a term used in the context of consumer goods, retail, and industrial manufacturing, rather than in medicine. In medicine, terms like "medication packaging" or "pharmaceutical packaging" might be used to refer to the specific ways that medications are packaged for distribution and use.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "newspapers" and "medical" are not related. A newspaper is a periodically published printed or online publication that reports news and provides information on politics, local events, sports, arts, and entertainment, as well as advertising. If you have any medical questions or concerns, I would be happy to try to help answer them.

Deception is not a medical term, but it is a concept that can be studied and applied in various fields including psychology, sociology, and forensics. In the context of medicine and healthcare, deception may refer to the act of misleading or providing false information to patients, research subjects, or healthcare providers. This can include situations where a patient is not fully informed about their medical condition or treatment options, or where researchers manipulate data or results in clinical trials. Deception can have serious ethical and legal implications, and it is generally considered unacceptable in medical practice and research.

Voluntary Health Agencies (VHAs) are organizations that are primarily concerned with specific diseases or disabilities and are usually patient-led or patient-focused. They often engage in activities such as advocacy, education, research, and service provision to improve the health and well-being of individuals affected by those conditions. VHAs may be national or local in scope and may operate on a volunteer basis or with a combination of paid staff and volunteers. Examples include the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Consumer advocacy in a medical context refers to the process of representing and supporting the rights and interests of patients and healthcare consumers. Consumer advocates work to ensure that individuals receive safe, effective, and affordable healthcare services, and that they are empowered to make informed decisions about their own care. This may involve promoting transparency and accountability in the healthcare system, advocating for policies that protect patient rights, and providing education and support to help consumers navigate the complex world of healthcare. Consumer advocacy can take many forms, including individual case advocacy, class action lawsuits, policy reform efforts, and public awareness campaigns.

Consumer participation in the context of healthcare refers to the active involvement and engagement of patients, families, caregivers, and communities in their own healthcare decision-making processes and in the development, implementation, and evaluation of health policies, programs, and services. It emphasizes the importance of patient-centered care, where the unique needs, preferences, values, and experiences of individuals are respected and integrated into their healthcare.

Consumer participation can take many forms, including:

1. Patient-provider communication: Consumers engage in open and honest communication with their healthcare providers to make informed decisions about their health.
2. Shared decision-making: Consumers work together with their healthcare providers to weigh the benefits and risks of different treatment options and make evidence-based decisions that align with their values, preferences, and goals.
3. Patient education: Consumers receive accurate, timely, and understandable information about their health conditions, treatments, and self-management strategies.
4. Patient advocacy: Consumers advocate for their own health needs and rights, as well as those of other patients and communities.
5. Community engagement: Consumers participate in the development, implementation, and evaluation of health policies, programs, and services that affect their communities.
6. Research partnerships: Consumers collaborate with researchers to design, conduct, and disseminate research that is relevant and meaningful to their lives.

Consumer participation aims to improve healthcare quality, safety, and outcomes by empowering individuals to take an active role in their own health and well-being, and by ensuring that healthcare systems are responsive to the needs and preferences of diverse populations.

"Legislation as Topic" is a legal term that refers to laws, regulations, or statutes related to medicine, healthcare, and the medical field. This can include legislation regarding the practice of medicine, patient rights, healthcare financing, medical research, pharmaceuticals, and public health, among other things. Essentially, "Legislation as Topic" covers any law or regulation that impacts the medical community, healthcare system, or individual patients. It is a broad category that can encompass many different areas of law and policy.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'sexism' is not a term that has a medical definition. It is a social or cultural term that refers to prejudice, stereotypes, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "public opinion" is not a term that has a medical definition. Public opinion refers to the collective views, attitudes, and beliefs held by a group or society about a particular issue or topic. It is typically formed through interaction, discussion, and various forms of communication within a community or population. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medicine, I'd be happy to help with those!

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and to improve their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior change to include social and environmental interventions that can positively influence the health of individuals, communities, and populations. Health promotion involves engaging in a wide range of activities, such as advocacy, policy development, community organization, and education that aim to create supportive environments and personal skills that foster good health. It is based on principles of empowerment, participation, and social justice.

Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. In the medical field, ethics refers to the principles that guide doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals in making decisions about patient care. These principles often include respect for autonomy (the right of patients to make their own decisions), non-maleficence (doing no harm), beneficence (acting in the best interests of the patient), and justice (fairness in the distribution of resources). Medical ethics may also involve considerations of confidentiality, informed consent, and end-of-life decision making.

Formal social control, in the context of medical sociology or health sciences, refers to the systematic mechanisms and processes through which society regulates and guides the behavior of its members in accordance with established laws, rules, and norms, particularly in relation to health and healthcare. This can include various formal institutions and agencies such as governmental bodies, regulatory authorities, professional organizations, and healthcare providers that are responsible for enforcing standards, policies, and regulations aimed at ensuring quality, safety, and effectiveness of healthcare services and products.

Examples of formal social control in healthcare may include licensing and accreditation requirements for healthcare professionals and facilities, clinical guidelines and protocols for diagnosis and treatment, quality improvement initiatives, and regulatory oversight of pharmaceuticals and medical devices. These mechanisms help to maintain order, promote compliance with ethical and professional standards, and protect the public's health and well-being.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "freedom" is a philosophical or abstract concept and not a medical term. It refers to the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint. It does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you.

A Provider-Sponsored Organization (PSO) is a type of managed care entity that is owned or sponsored by a healthcare provider or group of providers. The main goal of a PSO is to integrate the delivery and financing of healthcare services, with the aim of improving quality, cost-effectiveness, and patient satisfaction.

In a PSO, physicians, hospitals, and other healthcare providers work together to manage the care of a defined population of patients. They may share financial risk and rewards, coordinate care across settings, and use data analytics to identify opportunities for improvement. By aligning incentives and integrating care, PSOs aim to reduce unnecessary utilization, improve clinical outcomes, and enhance patient experience.

PSOs can take various forms, such as hospital-owned health plans, physician-hospital organizations, or clinically integrated networks. They are subject to regulation by state and federal authorities, depending on the specific structure and scope of their operations.

Economic competition in the context of healthcare and medicine generally refers to the rivalry among healthcare providers, organizations, or pharmaceutical companies competing for patients, resources, market share, or funding. This competition can drive innovation, improve quality of care, and increase efficiency. However, it can also lead to cost-containment measures that may negatively impact patient care and safety.

In the pharmaceutical industry, economic competition exists between different companies developing and marketing similar drugs. This competition can result in lower prices for consumers and incentives for innovation, but it can also lead to unethical practices such as price gouging or misleading advertising.

Regulation and oversight are crucial to ensure that economic competition in healthcare and medicine promotes the well-being of patients and the public while discouraging harmful practices.

I apologize for any confusion, but "hotlines" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Generally, a hotline refers to a direct communication link, often a telephone number, that provides immediate access to certain services or information. In a medical context, there could be various hotlines such as poison control hotline, mental health crisis hotline, or a hotline for reporting adverse effects of medications. However, the term "hotlines" itself is not a medical term with a specific definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Taxes" is not a medical term. It refers to a compulsory financial charge or levy imposed on individuals or entities by a governmental authority to fund various public expenditures and services. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

"Communications media" is a broad term that refers to the various means by which information or messages are transmitted from one person or group to another. In the context of healthcare and medicine, communications media can include both traditional and electronic methods used to share patient information, medical research, and other health-related data.

Traditional communications media in healthcare may include written documents such as medical records, charts, and reports, as well as verbal communication between healthcare providers and patients or among healthcare professionals.

Electronic communications media, on the other hand, refer to digital technologies used to transmit and store information. Examples of electronic communications media in healthcare include:

1. Electronic Health Records (EHRs): Digital versions of a patient's medical history and records, which can be shared among authorized healthcare providers.
2. Telemedicine: The use of telecommunication and information technologies to provide healthcare services remotely, allowing patients and healthcare professionals to communicate via video conferencing, phone calls, or messaging platforms.
3. Health Information Exchanges (HIEs): Secure, electronic networks that enable the sharing of health-related data among authorized healthcare organizations, providers, and patients.
4. Medical Imaging Systems: Digital systems used for storing, accessing, and sharing medical images such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs.
5. Personal Health Applications (mHealth): Mobile applications and wearable devices that allow individuals to monitor their health, track fitness goals, and manage chronic conditions.

Effective communication media are crucial in healthcare for ensuring accurate diagnoses, coordinating care, improving patient outcomes, and conducting medical research. It is essential to maintain confidentiality, privacy, and security when using electronic communications media to protect sensitive health information.

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a federal government agency responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our country's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The FDA also provides guidance on the proper use of these products, and enforces laws and regulations related to them. It is part of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

A medical definition of 'food' would be:

"Substances consumed by living organisms, usually in the form of meals, which contain necessary nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. These substances are broken down during digestion to provide energy, build and repair tissues, and regulate bodily functions."

It's important to note that while this is a medical definition, it also aligns with common understanding of what food is.

Smoking cessation is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking. This can be achieved through various methods such as behavioral modifications, counseling, and medication. The goal of smoking cessation is to improve overall health, reduce the risk of tobacco-related diseases, and enhance quality of life. It is a significant step towards preventing lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other serious health conditions.

Consumer Product Safety refers to the measures taken to ensure that products intended for consumer use are free from unreasonable risks of injury or illness. This is typically overseen by regulatory bodies, such as the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) in the United States, which establishes safety standards, tests products, and recalls dangerous ones.

The definition of 'Consumer Product' can vary but generally refers to any article, or component part thereof, produced or distributed (i) for sale to a consumer for use in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise; (ii) for the personal use, consumption or enjoyment of a consumer in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise; (iii) for sensory evaluation and direct physical contact by a consumer in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise.

The safety measures can include various aspects such as design, manufacturing, packaging, and labeling of the product to ensure that it is safe for its intended use. This includes ensuring that the product does not contain any harmful substances, that it functions as intended, and that it comes with clear instructions for use and any necessary warnings.

It's important to note that even with these safety measures in place, it is still possible for products to cause injury or illness if they are used improperly or if they malfunction. Therefore, it is also important for consumers to be aware of the risks associated with the products they use and to take appropriate precautions.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Financial Support" is not a medical term. It generally refers to the provision of money or other financial resources to help meet expenses or needs. In a healthcare context, it might refer to assistance provided to patients who are unable to afford their medical costs, such as through insurance, government programs, or charitable organizations. However, there is no specific medical definition for this term.

Spiritual therapies are a type of complementary and alternative medicine that aim to treat the spirit or soul rather than the body. They are based on the belief that illness has a spiritual cause or a spiritual component, and that healing can be achieved by addressing this aspect of a person's experience. Spiritual therapies can take many forms, including prayer, meditation, guided imagery, spiritual counseling, and energy healing.

It is important to note that while some people find spiritual therapies helpful in managing their health and well-being, these approaches are not typically considered mainstream medical treatments. They should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical care, but rather as a complement to it. As with any therapy, it is important to discuss the potential benefits and risks of spiritual therapies with a qualified healthcare provider before beginning treatment.

Tobacco is not a medical term, but it refers to the leaves of the plant Nicotiana tabacum that are dried and fermented before being used in a variety of ways. Medically speaking, tobacco is often referred to in the context of its health effects. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "tobacco" can also refer to any product prepared from the leaf of the tobacco plant for smoking, sucking, chewing or snuffing.

Tobacco use is a major risk factor for a number of diseases, including cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung disease, and various other medical conditions. The smoke produced by burning tobacco contains thousands of chemicals, many of which are toxic and can cause serious health problems. Nicotine, one of the primary active constituents in tobacco, is highly addictive and can lead to dependence.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Australia" is not a medical term or concept. It is the world's largest island and smallest continent, located in the Southern Hemisphere, surrounded by the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is composed of many diverse ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, and coastal areas, and is home to a wide variety of unique plant and animal species.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer them for you!

'Drug legislation' refers to the laws and regulations that govern the production, distribution, sale, possession, and use of medications and pharmaceutical products within a given jurisdiction. These laws are designed to protect public health and safety by establishing standards for drug quality, ensuring appropriate prescribing and dispensing practices, preventing drug abuse and diversion, and promoting access to necessary medications. Drug legislation may also include provisions related to clinical trials, advertising, packaging, labeling, and reimbursement. Compliance with these regulations is typically enforced through a combination of government agencies, professional organizations, and legal penalties for non-compliance.

I apologize for the confusion, but "inflation" is an economic term and not a medical one. Here's a simple explanation of what it means:

Economic inflation is a rise in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the overall prices of these items increase, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services; consequently, inflation reflects a reduction in the purchasing power of money – a loss of real value in the medium of exchange and unit of account within an economic system. This is typically measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) or the Producer Price Index (PPI), and central banks attempt to limit inflation, and avoid deflation, in order to keep the economy running smoothly.

"Public policy" is not a medical term, but rather a term used in the field of politics, government, and public administration. It refers to a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or organization to guide decisions and achieve specific goals related to public health, safety, or welfare.

However, in the context of healthcare and medicine, "public policy" often refers to laws, regulations, guidelines, and initiatives established by government entities to promote and protect the health and well-being of the population. Public policies in healthcare aim to ensure access to quality care, reduce health disparities, promote public health, regulate healthcare practices and industries, and address broader social determinants of health. Examples include Medicaid and Medicare programs, laws mandating insurance coverage for certain medical procedures or treatments, and regulations governing the safety and efficacy of drugs and medical devices.

A drug prescription is a written or electronic order provided by a licensed healthcare professional, such as a physician, dentist, or advanced practice nurse, to a pharmacist that authorizes the preparation and dispensing of a specific medication for a patient. The prescription typically includes important information such as the patient's name and date of birth, the name and strength of the medication, the dosage regimen, the duration of treatment, and any special instructions or precautions.

Prescriptions serve several purposes, including ensuring that patients receive the appropriate medication for their medical condition, preventing medication errors, and promoting safe and effective use of medications. They also provide a legal record of the medical provider's authorization for the pharmacist to dispense the medication to the patient.

There are two main types of prescriptions: written prescriptions and electronic prescriptions. Written prescriptions are handwritten or printed on paper, while electronic prescriptions are transmitted electronically from the medical provider to the pharmacy. Electronic prescriptions are becoming increasingly common due to their convenience, accuracy, and security.

It is important for patients to follow the instructions provided on their prescription carefully and to ask their healthcare provider or pharmacist any questions they may have about their medication. Failure to follow a drug prescription can result in improper use of the medication, which can lead to adverse effects, treatment failure, or even life-threatening situations.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Health education is the process of providing information and strategies to individuals and communities about how to improve their health and prevent disease. It involves teaching and learning activities that aim to empower people to make informed decisions and take responsible actions regarding their health. Health education covers a wide range of topics, including nutrition, physical activity, sexual and reproductive health, mental health, substance abuse prevention, and environmental health. The ultimate goal of health education is to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles that can lead to improved health outcomes and quality of life.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "government" is a political or administrative concept and does not have a medical definition. In general, it refers to the group of people who govern a community or country, or the system by which they govern. This could include elected officials, appointed leaders, and bureaucracies that oversee various functions such as public health, education, and infrastructure. However, in the context of your question, I assume you may be interested in how government policies and systems can impact health and healthcare. If you have any specific questions related to this or another topic, please let me know!

Beer is a fermented alcoholic beverage typically made from malted barley, hops, water, and yeast. The brewing process involves steeping the malt in water to create a sugary solution called wort, which is then boiled with hops for flavor and preservation. After cooling, the wort is fermented with yeast, which converts the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. There are many varieties of beer, including ales, lagers, stouts, and porters, that differ in their ingredients, brewing methods, and flavor profiles. The alcohol content of beer generally ranges from 3% to 12% ABV (alcohol by volume).

Product labeling, in the context of medicine or healthcare, refers to the information that is required by law to be present on the packaging of a pharmaceutical product or medical device. This information typically includes:

1. The name of the product, often with an active ingredient listed separately.
2. A description of what the product is used for (indications).
3. Dosage instructions and route of administration.
4. Warnings about potential side effects, contraindications, and precautions.
5. The name and address of the manufacturer or distributor.
6. The expiration date or storage conditions, if applicable.
7. Any other relevant information, such as whether the product is subject to additional monitoring.

The purpose of product labeling is to provide accurate and standardized information to healthcare professionals and patients about the safe and effective use of a medical product. It helps to ensure that the product is used appropriately, reducing the risk of adverse events or misuse.

'Toxic plants' refer to those species of plants that contain toxic substances capable of causing harmful effects or adverse health reactions in humans and animals when ingested, touched, or inhaled. These toxins can cause a range of symptoms from mild irritation to serious conditions such as organ failure, paralysis, or even death depending on the plant, the amount consumed, and the individual's sensitivity to the toxin.

Toxic plants may contain various types of toxins, including alkaloids, glycosides, proteins, resinous substances, and essential oils. Some common examples of toxic plants include poison ivy, poison oak, nightshade, hemlock, oleander, castor bean, and foxglove. It is important to note that some parts of a plant may be toxic while others are not, and the toxicity can also vary depending on the stage of growth or environmental conditions.

If you suspect exposure to a toxic plant, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately and, if possible, bring a sample of the plant for identification.

I apologize, but "Public Relations" is not a term that has a medical definition. Public relations is a field of study and practice that focuses on managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization and the public. It involves building and maintaining a positive reputation, handling crises, and fostering relationships with various stakeholders.

If you have any questions related to healthcare or medicine, I'd be happy to help. Just let me know!

Medical journalism is a branch of journalism that focuses on reporting and disseminating news and information related to the medical field, including healthcare policy, public health, medical research, clinical trials, pharmaceuticals, medical technology, and medical education. It involves writing for both professional and lay audiences in various formats, such as newspapers, magazines, websites, and broadcast media. Medical journalists are expected to have a strong understanding of medical concepts and terminology, as well as the ethical considerations involved in reporting on medical issues. They must also be able to critically evaluate scientific studies and communicate their findings accurately and clearly to the public.

Civil rights are a group of rights and protections that guarantee equal treatment to all individuals, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or other characteristics. These rights are enshrined in the laws and constitutions of various countries and include freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to equal protection under the law, and the right to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment, education, and access to public accommodations. Other important civil rights laws in the U.S. include the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which protects the right to vote, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.

Violations of civil rights can take many forms, including discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and violence. Those whose civil rights have been violated may be entitled to legal remedies, such as damages, injunctions, or orders for relief.

Adolescent behavior refers to the typical behaviors, attitudes, and emotions exhibited by individuals who are within the developmental stage of adolescence, which generally falls between the ages of 10-24 years old. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an adolescent as "an individual who is in the process of growing from childhood to adulthood, and whose age ranges from 10 to 19 years." However, it's important to note that the specific age range can vary depending on cultural, societal, and individual factors.

During adolescence, individuals experience significant physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that can influence their behavior. Some common behaviors exhibited by adolescents include:

1. Increased independence and autonomy seeking: Adolescents may start to challenge authority figures, question rules, and seek more control over their lives as they develop a stronger sense of self.
2. Peer influence: Adolescents often place greater importance on their relationships with peers and may engage in behaviors that are influenced by their friends, such as experimenting with substances or adopting certain fashion styles.
3. Risk-taking behavior: Adolescents are more likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as reckless driving, substance use, and unsafe sexual practices, due to a combination of factors, including brain development, peer pressure, and the desire for novelty and excitement.
4. Emotional volatility: Hormonal changes and brain development during adolescence can lead to increased emotional intensity and instability, resulting in mood swings, irritability, and impulsivity.
5. Identity exploration: Adolescents are often preoccupied with discovering their own identity, values, beliefs, and goals, which may result in experimentation with different hairstyles, clothing, hobbies, or relationships.
6. Cognitive development: Adolescents develop the ability to think more abstractly, consider multiple perspectives, and engage in complex problem-solving, which can lead to improved decision-making and self-reflection.
7. Formation of long-term relationships: Adolescence is a critical period for establishing close friendships and romantic relationships that can have lasting impacts on an individual's social and emotional development.

It is essential to recognize that adolescent development is a complex and dynamic process, and individual experiences may vary significantly. While some risky behaviors are common during this stage, it is crucial to provide support, guidance, and resources to help adolescents navigate the challenges they face and promote healthy development.

"Social control policies" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader social context, social control policies refer to the strategies and measures implemented by society or its institutions to regulate, manage, and shape the behavior of individuals or groups in order to maintain social order, conformity, and cohesion.

In the field of public health, social control policies may refer to interventions aimed at changing behaviors that pose risks to individual or community health, such as tobacco control policies, alcohol regulation measures, or food safety regulations. These policies are designed to promote healthy behaviors, prevent disease and injury, and protect vulnerable populations from harm.

It's worth noting that the concept of social control can be controversial, as it raises questions about individual autonomy, privacy, and social justice. Therefore, the development and implementation of social control policies should involve careful consideration of ethical principles and community engagement to ensure that they are fair, effective, and respectful of human rights.

Tobacco products are defined as any items that contain tobacco, including but not limited to cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff, chewing tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes). These products can be smoked, smokeless, or heated and involve the inhalation or ingestion of tobacco or its derivatives. They are known to cause addiction due to their nicotine content and can lead to a variety of serious health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

In the context of medical terminology, "attitude" generally refers to the position or posture of a patient's body or a part of it. It can also refer to the mental set or disposition that a person has towards their health, illness, or healthcare providers. However, it is not a term that has a specific medical definition like other medical terminologies do.

For example, in orthopedics, "attitude" may be used to describe the position of a limb or joint during an examination or surgical procedure. In psychology, "attitude" may refer to a person's feelings, beliefs, and behaviors towards a particular object, issue, or idea related to their health.

Therefore, the meaning of "attitude" in medical terminology can vary depending on the context in which it is used.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

There is no standard medical definition for "health food" as it can be subjective and may vary. However, health food generally refers to foods that are considered beneficial to one's health due to their high nutritional value or low levels of unhealthy components such as added sugars, saturated fats, and artificial ingredients.

These foods often include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Some people may also consider certain fortified or functional foods, such as those with added vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients, to be health foods. However, it's important to note that the term "health food" is not strictly regulated, so claims about the health benefits of certain foods should be evaluated critically and supported by scientific evidence.

Feminism is not a medical term, but rather a social and political movement that advocates for the equal rights, opportunities, and treatment of women. It is based on the belief that women should have the same social, economic, and political power as men. The feminist movement has made significant contributions to various fields, including medicine, by advocating for issues such as reproductive rights, gender equality in healthcare, and addressing sexism and discrimination in medical research and practice.

'Guidelines' in the medical context are systematically developed statements or sets of recommendations designed to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available evidence, including scientific studies, expert opinions, and patient values. Guidelines may cover a wide range of topics, such as diagnosis, treatment, prevention, screening, and management of various diseases and conditions. They aim to standardize care, improve patient outcomes, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote efficient use of healthcare resources.

I believe there might be a slight confusion in your question. The "food processing industry" is not a medical term per se, but rather a term used to describe the branch of manufacturing that involves transforming raw agricultural ingredients into food products for commercial sale.

The food-processing industry includes activities such as:

1. Cleaning and grading raw food materials
2. Preservation through canning, freezing, refrigeration, or dehydration
3. Preparation of food by chopping, cooking, baking, or mixing
4. Packaging and labeling of the final food product

While not a medical term, it is still relevant to the medical field as processed foods can impact human health, both positively and negatively. For example, processing can help preserve nutrients, increase food safety, and make certain foods more accessible and convenient. However, overly processed foods often contain high levels of added sugars, sodium, and unhealthy fats, which can contribute to various health issues such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.

Online pharmaceutical services, also known as internet or digital pharmacy services, refer to the provision of medication-related services through the internet. These services may include the following:

1. Prescription medication dispensing and delivery: This involves the online ordering and delivery of prescription medications to patients' homes or other preferred locations. Patients can submit their prescriptions electronically or by mail, and the pharmacy will fill the order and ship it to the patient.
2. Medication therapy management (MTM): MTM services involve a comprehensive review of a patient's medication regimen by a licensed healthcare professional, such as a pharmacist. This includes evaluating the appropriateness, effectiveness, and safety of medications, identifying potential drug interactions or adverse effects, and making recommendations for changes as needed.
3. Telemedicine consultations: Some online pharmacies offer telemedicine services, allowing patients to consult with healthcare professionals remotely via video conferencing or phone calls. This can be particularly useful for patients who have difficulty traveling to a physical clinic or those living in remote areas.
4. Refill reminders and automatic refills: Online pharmacies often provide refill reminders to help patients stay on track with their medication schedules. Some also offer automatic refill services, where medications are automatically shipped to the patient when they are due for a refill.
5. Health information resources: Many online pharmacies provide health-related resources and information, such as articles, videos, and interactive tools, to help patients better understand their medications and overall health.

It is essential to ensure that any online pharmaceutical service is legitimate and adheres to all relevant laws and regulations. Patients should look for websites that are verified by organizations such as the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) or the Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) program, which helps ensure that the pharmacy is operating legally and safely.

Smokeless tobacco is a type of tobacco that is not burned or smoked. It's often called "spit" or "chewing" tobacco. The most common forms of smokeless tobacco in the United States are snuff and chewing tobacco. Snuff is a finely ground tobacco that can be dry or moist. Dry snuff is sniffed or taken through the nose, while moist snuff is placed between the lower lip or cheek and gum. Chewing tobacco is plugs, leaves, or twists of tobacco that are chewed or sucked on.

Smokeless tobacco contains nicotine, which is addictive. When you use smokeless tobacco, the nicotine is absorbed through the lining of your mouth and goes directly into your bloodstream. This can lead to a rapid increase in nicotine levels in your body, which can make it harder to quit using tobacco.

Smokeless tobacco also contains harmful chemicals that can cause cancer of the mouth, esophagus, and pancreas. It can also cause other health problems, such as gum disease, tooth decay, and precancerous lesions in the mouth. Using smokeless tobacco can also increase your risk of developing heart disease and having a stroke.

I must clarify that I'm a helpful assistant and not a doctor, but I can tell you that 'politics' is not a term used in medicine. Politics refers to the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or groups having or hoping to achieve power. If you have any medical questions, feel free to ask!

In a medical context, awareness generally refers to the state of being conscious or cognizant of something. This can include being aware of one's own thoughts, feelings, and experiences, as well as being aware of external events or sensations.

For example, a person who is awake and alert is said to have full awareness, while someone who is in a coma or under general anesthesia may be described as having reduced or absent awareness. Similarly, a person with dementia or Alzheimer's disease may have impaired awareness of their surroundings or of their own memory and cognitive abilities.

In some cases, awareness may also refer to the process of becoming informed or educated about a particular health condition or medical treatment. For example, a patient may be encouraged to increase their awareness of heart disease risk factors or of the potential side effects of a medication. Overall, awareness involves a deep understanding and perception of oneself and one's environment.

Public health is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts of society." It focuses on improving the health and well-being of entire communities, populations, and societies, rather than individual patients. This is achieved through various strategies, including education, prevention, surveillance of diseases, and promotion of healthy behaviors and environments. Public health also addresses broader determinants of health, such as access to healthcare, housing, food, and income, which have a significant impact on the overall health of populations.

There is no specific medical definition for "Wit and Humor as Topic." However, in the context of medicine and healthcare, wit and humor can be defined as the use of clever or amusing words, ideas, or actions to communicate, entertain, or cope with difficult situations.

Humor has been shown to have various positive effects on health and well-being, such as reducing stress, improving mood, enhancing social connections, and boosting immune function. In healthcare settings, humor can help patients and healthcare providers to build rapport, reduce anxiety, and improve communication. Wit and humor can also be used in medical education to engage learners, facilitate learning, and promote critical thinking.

However, it is important to use wit and humor appropriately and sensitively in medical contexts, taking into account factors such as cultural differences, individual preferences, and the severity of the situation. Inappropriate or insensitive use of humor can cause offense, harm relationships, and undermine trust.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "publishing" is not a term that has a medical definition. Publishing typically refers to the process of preparing and disseminating information, such as books, journals, or articles, to the public or a specific audience. It could involve both print and digital media. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization has dual loyalties or is in a position to exploit their professional or personal relationships for personal or institutional gain. In the medical field, COIs can arise when healthcare providers, researchers, or institutions have financial or other interests that may influence their judgment or actions in providing care, conducting research, or making recommendations.

Examples of conflicts of interest in medicine include:

* A physician who has a financial relationship with a pharmaceutical company and receives compensation for promoting the company's products to patients or colleagues.
* A researcher who owns stock in a company that is funding their study and may stand to benefit financially from positive results.
* An institution that accepts funding from industry partners for research or educational programs, which could potentially influence the outcomes of the research or bias the education provided.

COIs can compromise the integrity of medical research, patient care, and professional judgment. Therefore, it is essential to disclose and manage COIs transparently to maintain trust in the healthcare system and ensure that decisions are made in the best interests of patients and society as a whole.

Pharmaceutical preparations refer to the various forms of medicines that are produced by pharmaceutical companies, which are intended for therapeutic or prophylactic use. These preparations consist of an active ingredient (the drug) combined with excipients (inactive ingredients) in a specific formulation and dosage form.

The active ingredient is the substance that has a therapeutic effect on the body, while the excipients are added to improve the stability, palatability, bioavailability, or administration of the drug. Examples of pharmaceutical preparations include tablets, capsules, solutions, suspensions, emulsions, ointments, creams, and injections.

The production of pharmaceutical preparations involves a series of steps that ensure the quality, safety, and efficacy of the final product. These steps include the selection and testing of raw materials, formulation development, manufacturing, packaging, labeling, and storage. Each step is governed by strict regulations and guidelines to ensure that the final product meets the required standards for use in medical practice.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Motion Pictures as Topic" is not a medical term or concept. It is actually a subject heading used in library and information sciences to categorize materials related to the study or analysis of motion pictures as a medium or art form. This could include books, articles, and other resources about film theory, film history, film criticism, and so on.

If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

Prescription drugs are medications that are only available to patients with a valid prescription from a licensed healthcare professional, such as a doctor or nurse practitioner. These drugs cannot be legally obtained over-the-counter and require a prescription due to their potential for misuse, abuse, or serious side effects. They are typically used to treat complex medical conditions, manage symptoms of chronic illnesses, or provide necessary pain relief in certain situations.

Prescription drugs are classified based on their active ingredients and therapeutic uses. In the United States, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) categorizes them into five schedules (I-V) depending on their potential for abuse and dependence. Schedule I substances have the highest potential for abuse and no accepted medical use, while schedule V substances have a lower potential for abuse and are often used for legitimate medical purposes.

Examples of prescription drugs include opioid painkillers like oxycodone and hydrocodone, stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin, benzodiazepines like Xanax and Ativan, and various other medications used to treat conditions such as epilepsy, depression, anxiety, and high blood pressure.

It is essential to use prescription drugs only as directed by a healthcare professional, as misuse or abuse can lead to severe health consequences, including addiction, overdose, and even death.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Catholicism is a branch of Christianity that recognizes the authority of the Pope and follows the teachings and traditions of the Roman Catholic Church. It is the largest Christian denomination in the world, with over a billion members worldwide. The beliefs and practices of Catholicism include the sacraments, prayer, and various forms of worship, as well as social justice initiatives and charitable works. The Catholic Church has a hierarchical structure, with the Pope at the top, followed by bishops, priests, and deacons. It places a strong emphasis on the teachings of Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints.

"Tars" is not a recognized medical term. However, "tarso-" is a prefix in anatomy that refers to the ankle or hind part of an organ. For example, the tarsal bones are the bones that make up the ankle and the rear part of the foot. Additionally, tarsus can refer to the thickened portion of the eyelid which contains the eyelashes. It is important to ensure you have the correct term when seeking medical information.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Victoria" is not a medical term or condition. It is a name, which is often used as a place name, such as the capital city of British Columbia, Canada, or Victoria, Australia. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Consumer health information (CHI) refers to the resources and materials that provide health information and education to the general public, who are not necessarily healthcare professionals. CHI is designed to be understandable and accessible to laypeople, and it covers a wide range of topics related to health and wellness, including:

* Diseases and conditions
* Preventive care and healthy lifestyles
* Medications and treatments
* Medical tests and procedures
* Healthcare services and facilities
* Patient rights and responsibilities

CHI can be found in various formats, such as pamphlets, brochures, websites, videos, podcasts, and social media. It is essential to ensure that CHI is accurate, unbiased, and up-to-date to help consumers make informed decisions about their health and healthcare. The goal of CHI is to empower individuals to take an active role in managing their health and making healthcare choices that are right for them.

Health policy refers to a set of decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a population. It is formulated by governmental and non-governmental organizations with the objective of providing guidance and direction for the management and delivery of healthcare services. Health policies address various aspects of healthcare, including access, financing, quality, and equity. They can be designed to promote health, prevent disease, and provide treatment and rehabilitation services to individuals who are sick or injured. Effective health policies require careful consideration of scientific evidence, ethical principles, and societal values to ensure that they meet the needs of the population while being fiscally responsible.

... (September 12, 1984). "Change of topic?". Retrieved October 20, 2012. Mark V. Shaney (October 26, ... 1984). "Advertising with bikini-bait". Google Groups Usenet archive. Retrieved October 20, 2012. Harrison, Mark ( ...
On Topic Media. 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014. "Advertising". The Chronicle. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 18 ...
"Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 20 October 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2012. "Town Topics ... "Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 26 July 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2012. "Advertising". ...
"Theatrical Topics". Telegraph. Brisbane. 25 May 1892. p. 7. Retrieved 31 March 2015 - via National Library of Australia. "Mems ... "Advertising". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 June 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 20 February 2015 - via National Library of Australia. ... "Advertising". Goulburn Evening Penny Post. NSW. 18 May 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 14 February 2015 - via National Library of ... "Advertising". The Barrier Miner. Broken Hill, NSW. 17 September 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2013 - via National Library ...
"IrishGaming.Com :: View topic - QCon & Qnightmare". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2008. "Queen's ... Students' Union blasted for advertising elected positions". The Irish News. Retrieved 14 October 2021. "Durkan's advisor ...
"Advertising". Smith's Weekly. Vol. XX, no. 13. New South Wales, Australia. 28 May 1938. p. 11. Retrieved 26 December 2021 - via ... "Current Topics". The Examiner (Tasmania). Vol. LXI, no. 121. Tasmania, Australia. 22 May 1901. p. 5. Retrieved 26 December 2021 ... "Advertising". The Sun (Sydney). No. 742. New South Wales, Australia. 17 June 1917. p. 9. Retrieved 26 December 2021 - via ... "Current Topics". Launceston Examiner. Vol. LVIII, no. 19. Tasmania, Australia. 22 January 1898. p. 9. Retrieved 26 December ...
Tobacco advertising, Smoking in the United States, 1970 in the United States, Advertising in the United States, Advertising ... "Legislation , Information by Topic , Data and Statistics , Smoking & Tobacco Use , CDC". 2020-09-17. Retrieved ... The actual cigarette advertising ban did not come into force until January 2, 1971, as per a compromise that allowed ... The last cigarette ad on U.S. television, advertising Virginia Slims, was carried on the last possible legal minute at 11:59 p. ...
In addition to McGraw-Hill's headquarters, space was rented to tenants such as the J. C. Valentine Company; the Topics ... Publishing Company; Charles Eneu Johnson, a printer-ink supplier; Media Records, an advertising-statistics company; the ...
"Advertising". The Referee. Sydney: National Library of Australia. 26 April 1911. p. 16. Retrieved 4 December 2014. "Advertising ... "Local and General Topics". Bunyip. Gawler, SA: National Library of Australia. 30 June 1911. p. 2. Retrieved 4 December 2014. " ... "Advertising". Geelong Advertiser. National Library of Australia. 1 July 1911. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014. Sentenced for ...
"Advertising". Adelaide Times. South Australia. 3 March 1855. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2020 - via Trove. "Topics of the Day". The ... "Advertising". The Adelaide Times. South Australia. 10 August 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 14 May 2020 - via Trove. "Advertising". ... "Advertising". The Adelaide Express. South Australia. 30 April 1864. p. 1. Retrieved 16 May 2020 - via Trove. "Advertising". ... "Advertising". South Australian Register. South Australia. 16 August 1866. p. 1. Retrieved 8 May 2020 - via Trove. "Advertising ...
"Topics of the Day". The South Australian Advertiser. 11 July 1872. p. 2. Retrieved 23 December 2016 - via National Library of ... "Advertising". The Express and Telegraph. Vol. XIV, no. 4, 065. South Australia. 11 August 1877. p. 4. Retrieved 22 December ... "Topics of the Day". The South Australian Advertiser. Vol. XI, no. 3146. 13 November 1868. p. 7. Retrieved 23 December 2016 - ... "Advertising". South Australian Register. Vol. XIX, no. 2586. 5 January 1855. p. 1. Retrieved 26 December 2016 - via National ...
"TOPICS OF THE DAY". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 10 October 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2015 - via National Library of ... In April 1862, Job advertised that he had purchased the Willaston Stores from Mrs Gilbert and in 1864 he operated the first ... "Advertising". Adelaide Observer. SA: National Library of Australia. 19 April 1862. p. 1. Retrieved 23 November 2015. "GAWLER ... "Advertising". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 23 June 1873. p. 1. Retrieved 24 November 2015 - via National Library of Australia. " ...
Each issue addresses a single health topic. Material in "Healthy You" draws from the most current science-based research as ... "About The Nation's Health". APHA. 2009-11-17. Retrieved 2010-03- ... The tipsheet, written and researched by The Nation's Health editorial staff, offers materials on a range of health topics. ...
"Advertising - South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) - 25 Apr 1860". "Classified Advertising". The South ... "Topics of the Week". South Australian Weekly Chronicle. Vol. IV, no. 204. South Australia. 21 June 1862. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May ... "TOPICS OF THE DAY". The South Australian Advertiser. Vol. VI, no. 1621. South Australia. 5 October 1863. p. 3. Retrieved 7 June ... The second intra-club match for the club in 1861, played on the North Park Lands as usual, was advertised for 18 May as pitting ...
"Topics of the Day". The South Australian Advertiser. Vol. VIII, no. 2240. South Australia. 3 October 1865. p. 2. Retrieved 1 ... "Advertising". Labor Call. Vol. I, no. 26. Victoria, Australia. 18 April 1907. p. 6. Retrieved 16 October 2021 - via National ... "Advertising". The Adelaide Express. Vol. II, no. 560. South Australia. 29 September 1865. p. 2. Retrieved 2 October 2021 - via ... "Advertising". The Adelaide Express. Vol. III, no. 651. South Australia. 18 January 1866. p. 2. Retrieved 1 October 2021 - via ...
"Topics of the Day". The South Australian Advertiser. Vol. VII, no. 1880. South Australia. 5 August 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 29 ... "Advertising". South Australian Weekly Chronicle. Vol. VI, no. 299. South Australia. 23 April 1864. p. 1. Retrieved 29 October ... was re-advertised. Fordham, who previously ran a hotel on Grenfell Street, died at the hotel the following August. His wife, ...
"Topics of the Day". The Herald (Melbourne). No. 1076. Victoria, Australia. 17 September 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 13 March 2021 - ... "Advertising". The Evening News (Sydney). No. 5264. New South Wales, Australia. 19 March 1884. p. 1. Retrieved 29 March 2021 - ... "Advertising". The Age. No. 6815. Victoria, Australia. 9 December 1876. p. 8. Retrieved 16 March 2021 - via National Library of ... "Advertising". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 9, 511. Victoria, Australia. 7 December 1876. p. 8. Retrieved 13 March 2021 - via ...
"Topics of the Day". The Advertiser (Adelaide). Vol. XLIX, no. 15, 067. South Australia. 1 February 1907. p. 4. Retrieved 9 July ... "Advertising". The Express and Telegraph. Vol. XXI, no. 6, 143. South Australia. 25 June 1884. p. 1. Retrieved 9 July 2018 - via ...
There are no books available on the topic. Rare coffee cans may have a monetary value, but efforts at systematizing the hobby ... Boss Coffee uses Tommy Lee Jones in advertising. Jones has appeared in over 30 TV commercials for Boss since 2006 as his ...
"Topic Galleries". Archived from the original on August 28, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2014. Miska, Brad ( ... Liu, Leona (January 23, 2007). "Adi On Advertising". The Daily Northwestern. Retrieved February 8, 2014. Weintraub, Steve (July ...
"Topics of the day". The South Australian Advertiser. Vol. VI, no. 1711. South Australia. 20 January 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 23 ... "Advertising". The South Australian Advertiser. South Australia. 2 February 1866. p. 4. Retrieved 23 March 2017 - via National ... Margaret Goyder Kerr Colonial Dynasty: The Chambers family of South Australia ISBN 0 7270 1097 2 "Advertising". South ...
"Topics of the Week". South Australian Weekly Chronicle. Vol. VI, no. 267. South Australia. 29 August 1863. p. 4. Retrieved 13 ... "Advertising". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 6, 505. Victoria, Australia. 13 April 1867. p. 8. Retrieved 13 September 2021 - via ... "Advertising". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 7, 574. Victoria, Australia. 19 September 1870. p. 8. Retrieved 13 September 2021 - ...
Targeted advertising is a method used by companies to monitor customer tastes and preferences in order to create personalized ... Topics in Cryptology - CT-RSA 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 2020. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 408-424. ... cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Juels, Ari (2001). "Targeted Advertising ... And Privacy Too". In ... Many companies justify targeted advertising by the social and economic implications. However, the indiscriminate privacy ...
"Hush-Hush Topic Gets a Voice". The Telegraph. 22 November 2013. Archived from the original on November 25, 2013. Retrieved 8 ... Handbook of Research on Digital Media and Advertising. Matthew Eastin, Terry Daugherty, Neal Burns. Information Science ... "TR35: Piya Sorcar: Software that can be localized to teach taboo topics". MIT Technology Review. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 23 ... Retrieved 16 December 2010.[permanent dead link] Piya Sorcar (1 March 2009). "Teaching Taboo Topics Without Talking About Them ...
Its business model is 'advertising-only'. Vocento stated that it does not expect the project to be EBITDA-positive until 2025. ... Relevo focuses on sports-related topics. This differs from the trend of diversifying content observed in mainstream Spanish ...
"Advertising". Telegraph. 9 April 1921. Retrieved 19 October 2021. "OILS AND WATER-COLORS". Herald. 29 April 1921. Retrieved 13 ... "VARIOUS FEMININE TOPICS". Herald. 22 June 1925. Retrieved 13 November 2022. "ART EXHIBITIONS". Argus. 13 October 1925. ... "Display Advertising". Argus. 14 December 1925. Retrieved 11 November 2022. "WOMEN'S ART". Daily Telegraph. 29 April 1926. ...
"Industry Chronology". Medical Advertising Hall of Fame. 18 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2018-11-14. Retrieved ... "Pasadena Stations Up for Sale". Pasadena Independent Topics. June 4, 1969. Retrieved May 2, 2019. Wilson, Jim (January 22, 1971 ... Retrieved 2018-11-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "MAHF Inductees". Medical Advertising Hall of Fame ... 31-. ISBN 978-0-8070-3334-0. Dougherty, Philip H. (3 March 1970). "Advertising: Frohlich in General Practice". The New York ...
Credibility online has become an important topic since the mid-1990s. This is because the web has increasingly become an ... The advertising and marketing industry calls this brand management. On the other hand, the use of music in advertising, ... causing the audience to associate the jingle with the product being advertised. Over the years, the use of music in advertising ... Popular Music and Cola Advertising", p. 6 Bethany Klein "In Perfect Harmony: Popular Music and Cola Advertising", p. 5 Squires ...
Paw Prints - a column on pets-related topics. Was written by the company's advertising manager/community liaison Julia Ferrel. ... Music Corner - a column by Ken Qualter offers music reviews and discussions of music-related topics. Poet's Pen - features ... Past columns include: Sporthound - a column by Nick Matlovich discusses sports-related news and topics. ...
"Top 10 Topics to Pitch to Music Magazines". Freelance Writing. 21 July 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2017. Vibe - a quarterly hip ... "DATA: Magazines by Circulation (for six months ended December 31, 2006)". Advertising Age. Retrieved January 31, 2017. Sterne, ... Ariens, Chris (December 22, 2016). "Billboard Buys Spin and Vibe in a Quest to 'Own the Topic of Music Online'". Adweek. ... McDermott, John (September 17, 2013). "SpinMedia Revives Vibe as Quarterly, Considers the Same for Spin". Advertising Age. ...
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Advertising in the New World of Application Content. Vidillion Hot Topic Session ... App Science and Vidillion TVOT SF 2022 Hot Topic Sessions on Multicultural Measurement and on Advertising in Application ... App Science Hot Topic Session. 42% of the US population is identified as "multicultural" (AAPI, Black, Hispanic), and that ... Issues to be addressed include the extent to which we need to abandon our legacy notions of TV advertising and embrace new ...
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Global Advertising Lawyers Alliance (GALA) Webinar - "Hot Topics in Advertising Law in North America" ... I always enjoy these and recommend the free GALA webinars to those interested in advertising law; I joined in progress due to ... A minimum disclosure is required in all advertising, adequate and fair disclosure: number and value of prizes and other ... Maryland: First ever digital advertising tax, on gross receipts. Vetoed by governor but overridden; lawsuit brought by ...
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You also presented it as a "fact" that we are unable to measure how far away the moon is. I have explained how a young @NJ Louch did so using basic maths and a little programming in the 1980s, and youve yet to even address how wrong you are. So what you call a "fact", I call "utter nonsense that has been disproven" - so why do you feel that you using the word "fact" carries any weight whatsoever? ...
You cannot post new topics in this forum. You cannot reply to topics in this forum. You cannot edit your posts in this forum. ... A few people have been banned recently for advertising. In all cases, it was their first post.. Advertising is only allowed if ...
Advertising Inquiries. Select a Topic. *Device Partners. *Advertising Inquiries. *Press Inquiries. Choose a Different Topic ... Partner with TuneIn to create compelling advertising, branded content, experiences, and more. ... Partner with TuneIn to create compelling advertising, branded content, experiences, and more. ...
It is calling for bold action by the government to change the way unhealthy foods are advertised within the community, TV and ... Eight out of 10 adults support ban on advertising junk food to children. The Obesity Health Alliance says there is "serious ... Eight out of 10 adults support a ban on advertising unhealthy food to children on TV and online, new research has found. ... Meanwhile, 64% would like their local council to be able to restrict unhealthy food and drink advertising in outdoor areas, ...
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Dale avoids advertising by acquiring opt-ins via discounts so he can communicate with customers directly and for free rather ... How a Broke Fitness Trainer Accidentally Created a Multimillion-Dollar Business Without Advertising. by Nick Winkler ... Dale proudly says he has never taken a dime of investor money and has never spent a penny on advertising. ... Not bad for an accident, no advertising, and just wanting to recover. ...
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Posts by Topic. Select Tag #socstudentspotlight (4). *about socimages (2). *courseguides (2). *sample assignments (1). *updates ... What a great example of not-quite-truth in advertising.. Lisa Wade, PhD is an Associate Professor at Tulane University. She is ... Are Flights Full? Airline Advertising vs. Real Life. Lisa Wade, PhD on August 6, 2013 ... Its definitely not the kind of outright misleading lie that you often observe in advertising. ...
Read the latest Advertising news, videos, and discussion topics from the experts. Stay tuned with The Global Magazine. ...
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  • Get your digital campaigns up to speed today with our guide to programmatic advertising. (
  • Using advanced data valuation techniques to connect brands with highly targeted audiences, Interclick powers successful online advertising campaigns. (
  • It's all here, from best practices to essential resources, so you can create the best campaigns and maximize your advertising ROI. (
  • The idea that the energy drink would increase performance and concentration, as advertised on the company's television, online and marketing campaigns, was 'deceptive', the suit claimed. (
  • Illustrate advertising campaigns, health promotions, etc. (
  • WARC researchers forecast that 50.7% of global advertising spend will go to Alibaba, Alphabet, Amazon, Bytedance, and Meta in 2023, and that this share will rise to 51.9% in 2024. (
  • Advertising on is an effective way to build and consolidate a company's profile among clients and prospective clients. (
  • WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2013 : enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. (
  • I think that we're definitely seeing a slowdown in advertising, but search is holding up better than other forms because it's transactional in nature," Steve Weinstein, an equity analyst at Pacific Crest Securities, told the E-Commerce Times. (
  • Each health topic page links to information from NIH and other authoritative sources, as well as a PubMed® search. (
  • WebMD retains the exclusive right to determine how any and all search results for specific information by keyword or topic are displayed on a WebMD Property based on WebMD delivered search results. (
  • If Advertising appears in the search results, it is labeled as such. (
  • In addition, WebMD provides a separate area on the search results page of certain WebMD Consumer Properties which only display Advertising. (
  • Powered by commerce insights and machine learning, Shopify Audiences is a marketing tool that provides lists of relevant audiences for your digital advertising. (
  • Shopify Audiences automatically creates and exports custom audiences to your advertising accounts. (
  • The event topic is on Paid Advertising Strategies in 2019, which includes Facebook Ads, Influencer Marketing and more. (
  • Election 2020: Trump vs Biden Conspiracy topic! (
  • gop tears here Election 2020: Trump vs Biden Conspiracy topic! (
  • In 2020, the revenue of magazine advertising in China amounted to 2.38 billion yuan, indicating a significant drop compared to the level in 2015. (
  • Beyond the false advertising, Dow alleged that Erny did not file a fictitious business name statement for 2020 and 2021 - a requirement under the California Business and Professions Code to identify who is operating the business. (
  • With over 21 years of experience, we specialize in crafting compelling airport and in-flight advertising strategies that drive the success of your brand in more than 100 airports worldwide. (
  • The tobacco industry also continues to use advertising strategies that appeal to youth to recruit the next generation of smokers. (
  • What she wasn't expecting was to see herself advertising pills that claim to fix it - pills she says she's never taken, promoted by a company she's never been a customer of. (
  • If I sell that image to an advertising company who are going to use the image to overlay products for sale, a permit WOULD be required. (
  • But if I want to take a photo of a piece of bushwalking related equipment with a view to selling that image for advertising (say to a company), I would need liability insurance, and I would need to go through the registration process on the above link. (
  • Another scenario, if I took a photo of Cradle Mountain just as a natural photo, I cannot sell that photo to a company that would photoshop or overlay other things over it with a view to advertising. (
  • Do you legally have to advertise an open position in your company? (
  • If a position becomes available in the company, and you have a person in mind for the position, do you legally have to advertise the position? (
  • 2. Button AD Logo ADs show company logo for surfers to click and get connected to that very business that publish the Logo ADs for the expected advertising effect. (
  • Discover a framework that lets your SaaS company target and convert dream clients with social media advertising. (
  • Global energy drink company Red Bull GmbH has agreed to pay more than US$13 million to settle a class action lawsuit in the US that alleged the Company falsely advertised its energy drinks. (
  • WebMD has sole discretion for determining the types of Advertising that will be accepted and displayed on the WebMD Network, and under no circumstances will WebMD's acceptance of any Advertisement be considered an endorsement of the product(s) and/or service(s) advertised or for the company that advertises, manufactures, distributes, or promotes the products or services. (
  • It does not involve the concept of "cohorts" of users who share common behaviours and, unlike in FLoC, Topics will not make use of sensitive categories such as race or gender. (
  • Marketing and advertising are actually for branding product (primary, manufacturing, and service sector) so that customer can get to know about it and ultimately, buys the product. (
  • But I think it's a necessary step if we want to create a sustainable advertising ecosystem. (
  • Noting that " its been very quiet in terms of news recently" from Sandbox, Mark Syal, global chief product officer at Brainlabs, acknowledged that Topics "may feel less ambitious than FLoC" in what it can offer to advertisers. (
  • Produce a series of articles or broadcast news or feature segments on the topic in partnership with the media. (
  • News: Voice commerce and in-game advertising: Students in Digital Marketing show you the way! (
  • In addition, newsworthiness of specific tobacco control, and after receiving comprehen- news media coverage may also be con- control topics and the tone displayed in sive training on the coding scheme, a sidered a reflection of the newsworthi- the coverage of tobacco control topics. (
  • The Federal Trade Commission today issued an enforcement policy statement explaining how established consumer protection principles apply to different advertising formats, including "native" ads that look like surrounding non-advertising content. (
  • Ten Alps plc, which produces TV, radio and print content, bought Mongoose Media, a factual media advertising sales business. (
  • In addition, as used in this policy, the terms "Advertising" and "Advertisements" include third party banners, modules, links, microsites, native advertisements and other content provided by or on behalf of Advertisers. (
  • WebMD recognizes and maintains a distinct separation between Advertising and WebMD's editorial content. (
  • Read our ultimate guides to learn best practices, tips and tricks, and explainers for key digital advertising topics. (
  • Learn everything you need to know about social media advertising - including best practices! (
  • Such deceptive conduct and practices mean that [Red Bull's] advertising and marketing is not just 'puffery,' but is instead deceptive and fraudulent and is therefore actionable," the suit said. (
  • What are some advantages/disadvantages of commercial advertising for Verizon Wireless? (
  • Both the Advertising Standards Authority and the Commerce Commission have warned market participants that comparative advertising must meet certain standards - and they are watching. (
  • In conclusion, I believe that advertising is still an extremely effective way to attract consumers and persuade them to make purchases because it takes advantage of repetition and emotional appeal. (
  • This style is designed to attract the viewer's eye amidst a barrage of advertising posters. (
  • Advertising Lab is an archive and is no longer regularly updated . (
  • However, Dow alleged that Erny regularly referred to herself as "Dr Sarah" or "Dr Sarah Erny" in her online advertising and social media accounts. (
  • Training courses on different topics are given regularly and they will be advertised here. (
  • Among national television programs with alcohol advertising, placements were assessed for the 10 programs with the largest number of youth viewers within each of four program categories: network sports, network nonsports, cable sports, and cable nonsports (40 total). (
  • These results indicate that the alcohol industry's self-regulation of its advertising could be improved, and youth exposure to alcohol advertising could be further reduced by adopting and complying with the NRC/IOM standard. (
  • In addition, continued public health surveillance would allow for sustained assessment of youth exposure to alcohol advertising and inform future interventions. (
  • Among nationally televised programs with alcohol advertising, exposure to this advertising was evaluated for the 10 programs with the largest number of youth viewers in each of four program categories: cable sports, cable nonsports, broadcast network sports, and broadcast network nonsports (i.e., 40 programs in total) in each of the 25 television media markets. (
  • Nationally, these programs represented 29% of all youth exposure to alcohol advertising on broadcast network nonsports, 20% on broadcast network sports, 20% on cable sports, and 14% on cable nonsports. (
  • AdviceOnline entries provide guidance on interpreting the UK Code of Non-broadcast Advertising and Direct & Promotional Marketing. (
  • This session will unpack the implications of this phenomenon both for the advertising industry and for providers of app-based programming services. (
  • The policy statement affirms the long-standing consumer protection principle that advertisements and promotional messages that promote the benefits and attributes of goods and services should be identifiable as advertising to consumers. (
  • Dr. Reed partners with County level cooperative Extension Services to develop scripts on topics relevant to their communities. (
  • The FTC's policy applies time-tested truth-in-advertising principles to modern media," said Jessica Rich, Director of the Bureau of Consumer Protection. (
  • Yes, advertising in the print media really is that expensive, and for most home businesses it probably just won't be that economical. (
  • We use this information to show you relevant advertising and for analytics about our visitors both on this website and other media. (
  • Helpful information on the advertising rules and examples of previously published ASA rulings based upon topics, issues and media channels. (
  • Mongoose sells advertising across specialist print and digital media for associations and institutions. (
  • GTM also provides enhanced tie-ins with social media referrals and advertising campaign events. (
  • For instance, by studying commonly searched topics and filter options we can better target social media ads and encourage more organic return-visitor traffic. (
  • Read our in-depth guide to everything you ever wanted to know about display advertising. (
  • WebMD will not allow any Advertising on the WebMD Network that is not identified with the label of "Advertisement", "From Our Advertiser", "Information From Industry" or a similar designation indicating that the Advertising is being provided by or on behalf of an Advertiser. (
  • Sports betting agencies spent more than $287 million advertising their products in Australia in 2021 and researchers say it's creating a new generation of problem gamblers. (
  • Write letters to the editor, op eds (a page of special features usually opposite the editorial page), articles, or guest editorials to promote your topic through another angle. (
  • Dr. Rubin noted that advertising medications allows consumers to be informed about their health options and that advertising can be economically beneficial to pharmaceutical companies, thereby contributing to their ability to invest in new drug development. (
  • The South Australian government launches an advertising blitz in Melbourne's CBD, spruiking its business credentials, drawing a response from the Victorian Premier. (
  • The shift in advertising trends has forced some print publishers to drastically change the way they do business, Doty noted. (
  • Submit your home based business website to our free link directory and advertise by submitting your site for free. (
  • A California nurse practitioner was fined nearly $20,000 for false advertising and fraud after referring to herself as "Dr Sarah" and failing to file necessary business paperwork, according to a settlement announced on November 14. (
  • Our Topics library provides one-stop collections of materials on numerous issues in which the FTC has been actively engaged. (
  • People do not like to be bombarded with advertising materials, and because advertisements now appear everywhere, people have developed a negative attitude towards them. (
  • The collection consists of archival materials relating to the graphic artist and designer Lucian Bernhard, including a water color design drawing, five subway car cards advertising the cough syrup Rem, five advertising proofs for Rem, a 1956 magazine called PRODUCTIONWISE with an article about Bernhard, a folio of color reproductions advertising the sale of Bernhard's artworks, an exhibit announcement, two oversize posters, and miscellaneous printed material. (
  • Simply put, there is a great need for healthcare providers to state their level of training and licensing clearly and honestly in all of their advertising and marketing materials," he said in a press release. (
  • Learn how to craft the perfect message, choose the right promotional channels, and ensure your advertising efforts are successful. (
  • It's been revealed the SA government is spending $1.2 million of funding allocated for public schools on an advertising campaign spruiking five technical colleges it promised to build if elected, sparking criticism from teachers and the opposition. (
  • Advertising blackout well outdated and Clive Palmer the big advertising winner of the campaign. (
  • The total number of gross impressions, ¶ an indicator used by the advertising industry to measure advertising exposure, was calculated by summing the placement-specific number of viewers of different ages across all advertising placements for a particular market. (
  • This indicator is available in the following set of views in the "By topic" section of the Global Health Observatory. (
  • MedlinePlus uses a set of strict selection criteria to choose quality resources to include on our health topic pages. (
  • The collection can be viewed by language or health topic, and each translation displays with its English equivalent. (
  • Videos that explain topics in health and medicine, as well as tools such as tutorials, calculators, and quizzes. (
  • Eight out of 10 adults support a ban on advertising unhealthy food to children on TV and online, new research has found. (
  • The findings also showed that 60% of adults think advertising unhealthy food impacts on how much people buy. (
  • The owner of Facebook and Instagram has lifted its investment in fact-checking ahead of the federal election while also improving transparency around advertising on social and political issues. (
  • A Call Tracking Service that tracks, records, and reports your advertising phone calls. (
  • Breakout sessions included such topics as sustaining and evaluating appropriate antibiotic use programs and incorporating cultural competency. (
  • Maryland: First ever digital advertising tax, on gross receipts. (
  • On the one hand, advertising is persuasive because of its repetition and emotional appeal. (
  • It is calling for bold action by the government to change the way unhealthy foods are advertised within the community, TV and online. (
  • Communicate a message that will reinforce community intervention topics. (
  • Examples include falls, hearing conservation, skin cancer, intergenerational issues of work, equipment operation and reaction time, livestock handling, and virtually any topic related to the farming community. (
  • Herrmann Digital is a Shopify partner that specializes in digital advertising and scaling direct-to-consumer brands, including Shopify Plus merchants. (
  • Conscients du rĂ´le qu'ils peuvent jouer pour contribuer Ă  prĂ©venir les comportements alimentaires dĂ©sĂ©quilibrĂ©s, les professionnels se sont engagĂ©s dans une dĂ©marche active en faveur de la promotion d'une alimentation et d'une activitĂ© physique favorables Ă  la santĂ©, en particulier auprès du jeune public. (
  • Barbara Mintzes, University of British Columbia, and Paul Rubin, Emory University, discussed the issue of advertising directly to consumers. (
  • Many people think that advertising is one of the most powerful tools that convince people to purchase a product, while others believe that advertising is already ubiquitous and, therefore, no longer draws any attention. (
  • Additionally, advertising often exploits people's conscious and subconscious desires, fears, or anxieties to emotionally connect them with the product being advertised and to encourage buying decisions. (
  • Marketing is a process of building a brand through advertising. (
  • Online advertising and TV advertising are the major revenue generators in China's advertising market. (
  • As such, the display advertising market is characterized by high uncertainty and asymmetric information. (
  • However, the National Research Council/Institute of Medicine (NRC/IOM) proposed in 2003 that "the industry standard should move toward a 15% threshold for television advertising" ( 3 ). (
  • Exposure also was analyzed using the NRC/IOM proposed standard that called on industry to move toward a 15% threshold for television advertising using persons aged ≥12 years as the denominator. (
  • Thus, efforts are needed to enhance the newsworthiness of certain topics, boost influence on decision-makers and pre-empt industry interference. (
  • When a user visits a site using Topics, the technology selects three topics, one from each of the previous three weeks, to share for advertising purposes. (
  • The following guidelines have been established by WebMD to govern various aspects of Advertising on properties within the WebMD Network (each a "WebMD Property"), which include websites and mobile applications directed to consumers, which we refer to in this Policy as the "WebMD Consumer Properties," and websites and mobile applications directed to healthcare professionals, which we refer to as the "WebMD Professional Properties. (
  • WebMD has sole and absolute discretion with respect to interpretation and enforcement of this policy and all other issues associated with Advertising on the WebMD Network. (
  • Some people say that advertising has positive economic effects. (
  • A few people have been banned recently for advertising. (
  • Some people say that advertising is extremely successful at persuading us to buy things. (
  • Other people think that advertising is so common that we no longer pay attention to it. (
  • In my opinion, people still pay a great deal of attention to advertising despite its prevalent appearance in almost every corner of the modern world. (
  • On the other hand, some people believe that advertising no longer attracts attention because they think ubiquity leads to disinterest. (
  • If there's a particular publication you're interested in advertising in, either go to its website (the rate card section) or call its advertising department to find out the rates it charges. (
  • Free website submission gives you free advertising. (
  • There is no advertising on this website, and MedlinePlus does not endorse any companies or products. (
  • I received in the mail today a card that says Google Adwords Express, Get up to $150 in free Google advertising. (
  • Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold. (
  • The deal strengthens Ten Alps' advertising sales operations and is part of its growth strategy. (
  • is a national database of outdoor advertising opportunities that is updated daily. (
  • Hostgater sent me a $150 credit of advertising for Google is it worth it? (
  • Google has launched a new proposal for a successor to cookies from its Privacy Sandbox initiative, Topics , which replaces its previous proposal, Federated Learning of Cohorts (FLoC). (
  • In Chrome, Google plans to provide controls that will allow users to see their topics, remove individual topics, and disable the feature altogether. (
  • Google said that Topics was intended to support similar use cases to FLoC, but had significantly different design and functionality. (