Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Survivors: Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.Child Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Adult Survivors of Child Abuse: Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Cranial Irradiation: The exposure of the head to roentgen rays or other forms of radioactivity for therapeutic or preventive purposes.Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: A phenomenon in which symptoms of a disease are fabricated by an individual other than the patient causing unnecessary, and often painful, physical examinations and treatments. This syndrome is considered a form of CHILD ABUSE, since another individual, usually a parent, is the source of the fabrication of symptoms and presents the child for medical care.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Earthquakes: Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Shaken Baby Syndrome: Brain injuries resulted from vigorous shaking of an infant or young child held by the chest, shoulders, or extremities causing extreme cranial acceleration. It is characterized by the intracranial and intraocular hemorrhages with no evident external trauma. Serious cases may result in death.Contusions: Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Radiotherapy: The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.United StatesChild Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Bites, Human: Bites inflicted by humans.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Anthracyclines: Organic compounds that have a tetrahydronaphthacenedione ring structure attached by a glycosidic linkage to the amino sugar daunosamine.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Elder Abuse: Emotional, nutritional, financial, or physical maltreatment, exploitation, or abandonment of the older person generally by family members or by institutional personnel.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Rib FracturesNeoplasms, Second Primary: Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Battered Child Syndrome: A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Emergency Nursing: The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Pain Insensitivity, Congenital: A syndrome characterized by indifference to PAIN despite the ability to distinguish noxious from non-noxious stimuli. Absent corneal reflexes and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may be associated. Familial forms with autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance have been described. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Near Drowning: Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Checklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Emergency Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.Failure to Thrive: A condition of substandard growth or diminished capacity to maintain normal function.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Interdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Father-Child Relations: Interaction between the father and the child.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Mouth Rehabilitation: Process of restoring damaged or decayed teeth using various restorative and non-cosmetic materials so that oral health is improved.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Hemorrhagic Disorders: Spontaneous or near spontaneous bleeding caused by a defect in clotting mechanisms (BLOOD COAGULATION DISORDERS) or another abnormality causing a structural flaw in the blood vessels (HEMOSTATIC DISORDERS).Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Nuclear Warfare: Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Burns: Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Holocaust: A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Retinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.TurkeyStreet Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Cultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Hematoma, Subdural: Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Nuclear Weapons: A weapon that derives its destructive force from nuclear fission and/or fusion.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.

Sexual victimization and reproductive health outcomes in urban youth. (1/199)

OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and adults with a history of sexual victimization (SV) are at increased risk of engaging in sexual risk behaviors. This study seeks to examine race- and gender-based differences in SV as well as the association between SV and reproductive health outcomes (pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections [STIs]) among young adults from an urban community with high rates of both outcomes. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional data from the Young Adult Survey of the Baltimore Prevention Program's intervention trials. Participants initially enrolled as first graders were interviewed for the Young Adult Survey as they entered adulthood. A total of 1698 participants were asked about SV, pregnancy, and STIs. Data were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: History of SV did not vary by racial background, but female participants were more likely to report SV than their male peers. Results for models predicting STIs revealed a significant interaction between gender and SV. Adolescent girls who reported a SV were significantly more likely to have an STI than adolescent girls who did not report victimization. Both adolescent boys and girls who reported SV were more likely to report involvement in a pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Youth in urban communities with a history of SV are far more likely than those without victimization histories to have a pregnancy or STI before young adulthood. Further research is needed to explore the mediators of these outcomes and the value of sexual safety and child protection programs for pregnancy and STI prevention in urban environments.  (+info)

Severity of childhood trauma is predictive of cocaine relapse outcomes in women but not men. (2/199)

We prospectively examined the gender-specific effects of childhood trauma on cocaine relapse outcomes in an inpatient sample of treatment engaged cocaine dependent adults. Cocaine dependent men (n=70) and women (n=54) participating in inpatient treatment for cocaine dependence were assessed on severity of childhood trauma and followed for 90 days after discharge from treatment. Greater severity of childhood emotional abuse was associated with an increased risk of relapse in women. Severity of emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and overall childhood trauma was associated with the number of days cocaine was used during follow-up in women, as was the association of severity of physical abuse and overall childhood trauma with the average amount of cocaine used per occasion. No associations between childhood trauma and cocaine relapse outcomes were found in men. These findings demonstrate that childhood trauma increases the likelihood of cocaine relapse and drug use escalation after initial relapse in women but not in men. Comprehensive assessments of childhood trauma and specialized treatments that address trauma-related pathophysiology could be of benefit in improving cocaine treatment outcomes in women.  (+info)

Childhood abuse or neglect is associated with increased vasomotor symptom reporting among midlife women. (3/199)

OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that women exposed to childhood abuse or neglect would have an increased likelihood of reporting hot flashes and night sweats during the menopausal transition. DESIGN: This hypothesis was evaluated in 332 white and African American women participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Mental Health Study, a prospective investigation of women transitioning through menopause. Childhood abuse and neglect were measured once with the Child Trauma Questionnaire. Vasomotor symptoms (any/none hot flashes, night sweats) were reported annually over 8 years. Associations between maltreatment and vasomotor symptoms were estimated with generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: Childhood abuse or neglect was associated with increased reporting of hot flashes (odds ratio = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.23-2.43) and night sweats (odds ratio = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.26-2.43) in age-adjusted models. Results persisted in multivariable models and across several types of abuse and neglect. CONCLUSIONS: The experience of childhood abuse and neglect is associated with increased vasomotor symptom reporting in adulthood. The sequelae of childhood abuse and neglect may persist well into adulthood to influence the occurrence of vasomotor symptoms at midlife.  (+info)

Population attributable fractions of psychiatric disorders and suicide ideation and attempts associated with adverse childhood experiences. (4/199)

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Disparities in child abuse victimization in lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women in the Nurses' Health Study II. (5/199)

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Obesity and type 2 diabetes risk in midadult life: the role of childhood adversity. (6/199)

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The association of prenatal cocaine use and childhood trauma with psychological symptoms over 6 years. (7/199)

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Adverse childhood experiences and prescription drug use in a cohort study of adult HMO patients. (8/199)

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Adverse childhood events, including physical and sexual abuse, can cause significant distress for those affected, during both childhood and adulthood. Childhood abuse appears to increase the risk of a number of negative outcomes later in life, including psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Previous research has consistently found an association between childhood sexual abuse and greater rates of adult sexual risk behavior. However, improved understanding of how childhood sexual abuse relates to adult sexual risk behavior is needed. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills and Traumagenic Dynamics models are theories used to investigate determinants of sexual behavior and effects of childhood abuse. Using these models to examine the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual risk behavior may help in creating effective sexual risk reduction interventions for women abused during childhood. This study will evaluate whether ...
Adverse childhood events, including physical and sexual abuse, can cause significant distress for those affected, during both childhood and adulthood. Childhood abuse appears to increase the risk of a number of negative outcomes later in life, including psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Previous research has consistently found an association between childhood sexual abuse and greater rates of adult sexual risk behavior. However, improved understanding of how childhood sexual abuse relates to adult sexual risk behavior is needed. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills and Traumagenic Dynamics models are theories used to investigate determinants of sexual behavior and effects of childhood abuse. Using these models to examine the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual risk behavior may help in creating effective sexual risk reduction interventions for women abused during childhood. This study will evaluate whether ...
OBJECTIVE: There were two aims to this study: first to examine whether emotional abuse and neglect are significant predictors of psychological and somatic symptoms, and lifetime trauma exposure in women presenting to a primary care practice, and second to examine the strength of these relationships after controlling for the effects of other types of childhood abuse and trauma.. METHOD: Two-hundred and five women completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (Bernstein et al., 1994), Trauma History Questionnaire (Green, 1996), the Symptom Checklist-revised (Derogatis, 1997), and the Revised Civilian Mississippi Scale for posttraumatic stress disorder (Norris & Perilla, 1996) when presenting to their primary care physician for a visit. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine unique contributions of emotional abuse and neglect variables on symptom measures while controlling for childhood sexual and physical abuse and lifetime trauma exposure.. RESULTS: A history of ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Exposure to severe trauma in childhood such as physical or sexual abuse represents one of the most pervasive and pernicious stressors in society. Its sequelae, which may endure over the entire lifespan, include depression, PTSD, endocrine and immune function dysregulation, obesity, substance abuse, and also increased likelihood of subsequent exposure to trauma in adulthood. Moreover, emerging evidence suggests the long shadow cast by childhood trauma may not be restricted to only the lifespan of this vulnerable population of abused women, but also may be transmitted to another yet even more vulnerable population - their children - who then go on to exhibit an increased prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. Thus, a vicious cycle of perpetuation and possible amplification may become established. The prevailing view is that the intergenerational transmission from mother to child of the effects of maternal exposure to childhood trauma likely ...
Age at onset (AAO) of bipolar disorders (BD) could be influenced both by a repeat length polymorphism (5HTTLPR) in the promoter region of the serotonin
Het Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie is het toonaangevende wetenschappelijke tijdschrift voor de Nederlandse en Vlaamse psychiaters, arts-assistenten psychiatrie en andere geinteresseerden
A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway. Diagnosis and clinical characteristics were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies (DIGS) or the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I disorders (SCID-I). Affective lability was measured using the short form of the Affective Lability Scale (ALS-SF). A history of childhood trauma was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Mediation analyses were performed using the SPSS process macro ...
A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway. Diagnosis and clinical characteristics were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies (DIGS) or the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I disorders (SCID-I). Affective lability was measured using the short form of the Affective Lability Scale (ALS-SF). A history of childhood trauma was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Mediation analyses were performed using the SPSS process macro ...
People who experience emotional and physical abuse during their childhood are likely to end up earning less and not having enough healthy food for their children, research has found.
While its a difficult topic to navigate, parents should be aware of the impact of trauma and how to support their child if they do experience it.
Anda RF, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and prescription drug use in a cohort study of adult HMO patients. BMC Public Health. 2008;4;8:198.. Anda RF, Dong M, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Giles WH, Perry GS, Edwards VJ, Dube SR. The relationship of adverse childhood experiences to a history of premature death of family members. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:106.. Brown DW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ. Self-reported information and pharmacy claims were comparable for lipid-lowering medication exposure. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(5):525-529.. Brown DW, Anda RA, Tiemeier H, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Croft JB, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of premature mortality. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(5):389-396.. CDC. Adverse childhood experiences reported by adults-five states, 2009. MMWR. 2010;59(49):1609-1613.. Chapman DP, Wheaton AG, Anda RF, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Liu Y, Sturgis SL, Perry GS. Adverse childhood experiences and sleep disturbances in adults. Sleep Med. ...
Both childhood trauma and a functional COMT genetic polymorphism have been associated with PTSD and depression; however, it is still unclear whether the two interact and how this interaction relates to long-term risk or resilience. Imaging and genotype data were collected on 73 highly traumatized women. DNA extracted from saliva was used to determine COMT genotype (Val/Val, n=38, Met carriers, n=35). Functional MRI data were collected during a Go/NoGo task to investigate the neurocircuitry underlying response inhibition. Self-report measures of adult and childhood trauma exposure, PTSD and depression symptom severity, and resilience were collected. Childhood trauma was found to interact with COMT genotype to impact inhibition-related hippocampal activation. In Met carriers, more childhood trauma was associated with decreased hippocampal activation, whereas in the Val/Val group childhood trauma was related to increased hippocampal activation. Second, hippocampal activation correlated negatively with PTSD
AbstractBackground: Adverse childhood experiences exert a psychological and physiological toll that increases risk of chronic conditions, poorer social functioning, and cognitive impairment in adulthood. Objective: To investigate the relationship between childhood adversity and clinical disease features in multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods: Sixty-seven participants with MS completed the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) assessment and neuropsychological assessments as part of a larger clinical trial of cognitive remediation. Results: ACE scores, a measure of exposure to adverse events in childhood, significantly predicted age of MS onset (r= 0.30, p=0.04). ACEs were also linked to reading recognition (a proxy for premorbid IQ); (r= 0.25, p=0.04). ACE scores were not related to age, current disability, or current level of cognitive impairment measured by the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT).Conclusion: Childhood adversity may increase the likelihood of earlier age of onset and poorer estimated
Victims of childhood physical abuse are more than twice as likely to develop ulcers than people who were not abused as children, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto.
Childhood maltreatment is a significant public health issue that has been linked to a myriad of negative long-term mental and physical health consequences. While the devastating health outcomes have been well established in the literature, the potential mechanisms of this link are less understood. In an effort to elucidate this relationship, the present study examined maladaptive cognitions (i.e., posttraumatic cognitions related to the self and world) that can form as a result of experiencing the trauma of maltreatment. Specifically, this cross-sectional study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment and self-reported mental and physical health concerns among a sample of young adults. Participants were 287 undergraduate students (ages 18-29 years) recruited from a mid-sized northeastern university. Retrospective, self-report questionnaires were used to assess childhood maltreatment, posttraumatic cognitions and current mental and physical health functioning. Data were analyzed using
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Definitions Childhood sexual abuse can be defined as any exposure to sexual acts imposed on children who inherently lack the emotional, maturational, and cognitive development to understand or to consent to such acts. These acts do not always involve sexual intercourse or physical force; rather, they involve manipulation and trickery. Authority and power enable the perpetrator to coerce the child into compliance. Characteristics and motivations of perpetrators of childhood sexual abuse vary: some may act out sexually to exert dominance over another individual; others may initiate the abuse for their own sexual gratification (5, 6). Although specific legal definitions may vary among states, there is widespread agreement that abusive sexual contact can include breast and genital fondling, oral and anal sex, and vaginal intercourse. Definitions have been expanded to include noncontact events such as coercion to watch sexual acts or posing in child ...
Like children and youth, adults experience a range of affects from childhood sexual abuse. Some individuals work through their abuse and experience minimal current impact. Others are devastated by the abuse and deal with the ramifications of it every day of their adult lives. Still others grow as a result of the abuse, even becoming advocates or helpers for other victims of abuse.. Researchers Laura Murray, Amanda Nguyen and Judith Cohen point out in their article "Child Sexual Abuse" in the journal Child and Adolescents Psychiatric Clinics of North America that adult survivors of sexual abuse can experience health problems, may struggle with drugs and alcohol, face marriage and family relational challenges, and are at increased risk for future sexual victimization and high-risk sexual behaviors.. Commonly, victimized adults have strong feelings of shame, which can lead to feelings of embarrassment and of being exposed. Adult survivors often are quite secretive about their abuse histories, ...
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire suggests a strong link between childhood trauma and mental and physical health concerns in adulthood.
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire suggests a strong link between childhood trauma and mental and physical health concerns in adulthood.
Background: Childhood trauma is linked to adult depression and might be a risk factor for a more chronic course of depression. However, the link between childhood trauma and chronicity of depression has not been investigated using a large and representative sample in which other depression characteristics, such as severity, age at onset, and comorbid psychopathology, were taken into account.. Method: Baseline data, collected during 2004 through 2007, were drawn from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Participants had a current DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and were recruited from the community, primary care settings, and specialized mental health care facilities (N = 1230). Relationships between both childhood trauma and childhood life events and chronicity of depression were examined using multiple logistic regression models. Chronicity of depression was defined as being depressed for 24 months or more in the past 4 years.. Results: Chronicity of ...
Adverse childhood experiences (typically referred to as ACEs) are potentially traumatic experiences and events, ranging from abuse and neglect to parental incarceration.*
When Beverly Young Nelson described the fear and powerlessness she felt as a 15-year-old girl who, she asserts, was groped and assaulted by GOP Senate candidate Roy Moore decades ago, it resonated with Sylvia Goalen, a 37-year-old survivor of childhood sexual abuse.
The results of the meta-analysis suggest that individuals with bipolar disorder are 2.6 times more likely to experience childhood adversity when compared with a non-clinical control group. This effect did not appear to be the result of study design or bias, and remained robust and significant even after controlling for hypothetically missing studies. The findings should be interpreted in the context of relatively few longitudinal studies and none with a prospective cohort design, limiting the ability to make causal inferences. Nevertheless, there appears to be a strong and significant association between childhood adversity and bipolar disorder.. We found some variances in this association when specific types of exposure were analysed separately. Emotional abuse was four times more likely to have occurred in bipolar disorder groups than in healthy controls, an effect seemingly larger than for other types of adversity. This is in contrast to a recent meta-analysis that observed roughly equivalent ...
Early childhood and complex trauma. Trauma that occurs very early in life can be especially harmful. Early childhood trauma generally refers to traumatic experiences that affect children under the age of 6 years. People often think that children will not be affected by this kind of trauma because they were "too young to remember it" or because the infant or young child was not able to verbalise their reaction to a certain traumatic event. However, the truth is that the aftereffects of childhood trauma (if not treated appropriately) can last well into adulthood. Complex trauma is a term we use to describe a situation where a child has multiple exposures to traumatic events that are severe and pervasive and often of an interpersonal nature. An example of this would be child abuse or neglect. Because children under 6 are dependent on a caregiver, this kind of trauma negatively interrupts many aspects of a childs development as well as the development of their sense of self. It also interferes with ...
Past research has found a reasonably consistent association between various forms of childhood abuse and the development of eating pathology and a number of studies indicate a relationship between childhood abuse and obesity. A study of 121 people in the U.S. seeking surgical treatment for obesity found that 43% of them reported emotional abuse, 39% had witnessed violence, 19% had suffered sexual abuse, 17.4% physical abuse and 9.1% physical neglect ...
Childhood sexual abuse has been identified as an underlying reason behind increased suicidal tendency in most of the men while most of the studies are linked only with women.
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Charlotte A.M. Cecil, Yuning Zhang, Tobias NolteAbstractDNA methylation (DNAm) - an epigenetic process that regulates gene expression - may represent a mechanism for the biological embedding of early traumatic experiences, including childhood maltreatment. Here, we conducted the...
As Texas leads the nation in executions, new studies raise troubling questions about death row inmates and the impact of childhood trauma.
Can you imagine feeling grateful for childhood adversity? Though such sentiment would once have seemed absurd to me, its now an established feature of my life.
As too often, the poorest and most discriminated against are suffering most, and bearing the brunt of an unequal neoliberal agenda. This is a serious political issue, literally deadly serious One of the extremely shocking features of the current
This 2013 Wisconsin human studys goal was to assess effects of childhood trauma using both functional MRI scans and self-reported answers to a questionnaire. The families of the studys subjects (64 18-year-olds) participated with researchers before some of the teenagers were born. How could the teenagers give answers that described events that may have taken…
Using this formulation of the discovery rule, the court found that Parks (1) knew of an injury; and (2) knew that this injury was "wrongfully caused" by the time she turned 18 years old, such that the accrual of her cause of action was coterminous under the statute of limitations and the discovery rule.156 Although Parks alleged that her psychological injuries did not fully manifest until 1995 (and Dr. Ochberg substantiated such allegations), the court found that Parks was aware of at least one injury when she turned 18 years old-the forced abortion, which resulted in her hospitalization.157 Moreover, while Parks pled "that she did not know that the sexual relationship was wrong[ful]" at the time, the court found that "her actions-telling her parents, reporting Kownacki to Zuroweste-[revealed] that she knew" of the wrongfulness of the abuse at the time.158 Because Parks "reasonably should have been aware of" her injury from the forced abortion "at that time as well as its likely cause," and "was ...
Scores of people walk through life with a vague, painful sense of being different, alone, or outside the circle. Heres why, and what we can do about it.
People raised in emotionally neglectful families are emotionally disconnected from one another, behaving as if they were living completely different lives.
Children who have experienced severe trauma are three times as likely to develop schizophrenia in later life, according to new research from the University of
When a person injures their knee, it becomes inflamed. When a person has a cold, their throat becomes inflamed. This type of inflammation is the bodys natural and protective response to injury.
CEO Mary Glasgow shares her thoughts about adverse childhood experiences and Children 1sts journey to become more trauma-informed.
In addition to genetic factors, there are many external factors that influence our individual vulnerability to stress, including childhood trauma, early
Objective Childhood trauma is regarded as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. 0.011C0.109) and childhood emotional abuse (=0.042, 95% confidence interval: 0.001C0.107) indirectly predicted suicidal ideation through their association with anxiety. Childhood neglect indirectly predicted suicidal ideation through association with perceived social support (=0.085, 95% confidence interval: 0.041C0.154). Conclusion Our results confirmed that childhood sexual abuse is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation. Perceived social support mediated the relationship between suicidal ideation and neglect. Anxiety fully mediated the relationship between suicidal ideation and both physical abuse and emotional abuse. Interventions to reduce suicidal ideation among survivors of childhood trauma should ...
Mickey Sperlich, a community-based nurse midwife, has been coordinating research on a study of PTSD in women in their childbearing year at the University of Michigans Institute for Research on Women and Gender. Specifically focusing on mothers with sexual abuse histories, she and colleague Julia Seng published a book, Survivor Moms: Womens Stories of Birthing,…
TY - BOOK. T1 - Child Sexual Abuse. T2 - Responding to the Experiences of Children. A2 - Parton, Nigel. A2 - Wattam, Corrine. PY - 1999/8. Y1 - 1999/8. N2 - This important volume explores children s needs in the context of the policy, practice, legal and organisational responses to child sexual abuse. The chapters, written by distinguished experts in the field, provide a critical appraisal of recent developments and key debates concerning how to respond to child sexual abuse. The emphasis is on keeping the child central in responding to child sexual abuse, particularly in the context of refocusing childrens services . The book is organised around a series of themes identified by survivors of sexual abuse from the National Commission into the Prevention of Child Abuse. These themes include justice mediation advocacy confidentiality communication treatment healing & surviving family support community perpetrators institutional abuse. All of these areas provide major challenges to professionals ...
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being. These experiences range from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse to parental divorce or the incarceration of a parent or guardian. A growing body of research has sought to quantify the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and illuminate their connection with negative behavioral and health outcomes, such as obesity, alcoholism, and depression, later in life. However, prior research has not reported on the prevalence of ACEs among children in a nationally representative, non-clinical sample. In this brief, we describe the prevalence of one or more ACEs among children ages birth through 17, as reported by their parents, using nationally representative data from the 2011/12 National Survey of Childrens Health (NSCH). We estimate the prevalence of eight specific ACEs for the U.S., contrasting the prevalence of specific ACEs among the states and between children of
With the rise in reporting of sexual abuse of children, the Baptist Standard is stepping away from our normal year-end round-up to publish something different than the ongoing and important news coverage of these tragedies.. In a Dec. 27 special edition on child sexual abuse, we hope to open the door to healing and restoration for victims and survivors and to help individuals, families and churches to become safer for the most vulnerable among us.. We realize sexual abuse is a very sensitive topic. There are those who have been sexually abused who cannot read one more story about this traumatizing experience being inflicted on yet one more child. There are those who mourn the hurt done to their children and being betrayed by people they trusted. There are those who have worked hard to overcome their experience and are ready to move on. There are those who have never told a soul about their terrible secret. There are those fortunate enough not to understand child sexual abuse but who care very ...
An inquiry into the extent of any institutional failures to protect children from sexual abuse within the Anglican Church. The Inquiry welcomed the invitation of the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Inquiry to investigate, as a matter of priority, the sexual abuse of children within the Church. Allegations of child sexual abuse within the Church of England, the Church in
Washington, D.C., November 3, 2015- A new report, A Healthy Early Childhood Action Plan: Policies for a Lifetime of Well-being, released today by the Trust for Americas Health (TFAH), highlights more than 40 policy target areas that are key to achieving national goals of reducing toxic stress and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and improving the lives of millions of children.. Living with prolonged stress and/or adverse experiences can significantly increase a childs risk for a range of physical, mental and behavioral problems - increasing the likelihood for hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cognitive and developmental disorders, depression, anxiety and a range of other concerns. Currently, around one-quarter of children ages 5 and younger live in poverty and more than half of all children experience at least one ACE. According to research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one-quarter of children experience physical abuse (28.3 percent) and ...
Trauma Informed Professional Services Development for Youth- and Family-Serving Providers (TIPS) trainings offer a real-world approach to understanding the impact of childhood trauma on youth, families, communities and provider systems. Developed for professionals in the fields of mental health, child welfare, education, hospitals, health homes, congregate care, and advocacy, TIPS trainings are designed to take complex information and make it accessible and practical for the day-to day work of youth and family-serving providers.. Building on key concepts from Trauma Systems Therapy and the latest research from international trauma experts, TIPS trainings balance the introduction of new knowledge with sharing the wisdom in the room. Trainings incorporate lectures, small and large group discussions, experiential activities, and building skills for intervening with traumatized individuals and systems. Emphasis is also placed on strengthening workforce resilience by identifying the warning signs of ...
It is a contributing cause of 17 per cent of cases of psychotic illness including schizophrenia, Professor Paul Bebbington, Head of the Department of Mental Health Sciences at UCL (University College London), told the Congress.. "The worse the abuse, the more it increases the risk of developing psychosis. Someone who has experienced non-consensual sexual intercourse before the age of 16 is 10 times more likely to develop the mental disorder," Professor Bebbington said.. He continued: "This is especially significant because sexual abuse is common in childhood. Eight in every 100 people have experienced molestation while one per cent of men and three per cent of women report having had non-consensual sexual intercourse under the age of 16. It is possible to calculate that if childhood sexual abuse ceased, there might be as much as a 17 per cent reduction in people suffering from schizophrenia.". Professor Bebbington is lead researcher on the new research which is published today (Friday, 1 July) ...
Sinn Féin Justice spokesperson Martin Kenny TD has welcomed Judge Iarfhlaith ONeills report finding that an ECHR ruling had been misinterpreted and had denied victims of historical child sexual abuse access to a redress scheme to which they are entitled. Deputy Kenny said:. "Judge ONeills report is welcome and should serve to encourage survivors of historical child sexual abuse in their struggle for justice and for compensation.. "The state has been guilty of obstructing victims in that struggle and one Minister for Education after another, including Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin, despite his statements now, have forced victims of abuse to protest publicly in order to be heard.. "Then they were obliged to go to the European Court of Human Rights to highlight the injustice they were fighting.. "I hope the government will not delay another day in acting on this report and ensure that compensation is paid to those survivors who have waited so long and fought so hard.. "The state has ...
An inquiry into institutional responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation facilitated by the internet. No issue is more pressing for contemporary child protection than the role of the internet in facilitating child sexual abuse. Developments in technology have created new opportunities for offending against children. Some reflect patterns of offending which have existed
This is a guest post by Wiley R. Wiley R. uses female pronouns and masculine honorifics. She sporadically dispenses gems of wisdom on Twitter.. This is a highly subjective account of my experience with FAAB on FAAB childhood sexual abuse. Trigger warning for detailed account of abuse. In addition, I want to emphasize that this piece is explicitly about *my* process, and I will be focusing on outlining the difficulties I encountered in my recovery, and discussing what I believe could have helped me heal more quickly and fully. When I was about fifteen my cross-country coach was accused of child molestation. The girls he was accused of molesting looked like me-blonde, blue-eyed runners. I was confused and angry about the whole situation, and I remember asking my mother why I wasnt targeted. She responded that predators can tell when a child is properly looked after, and that they avoid those children. She said that Mr. Vespie* could tell that I had a mother who was my fierce advocate and that no ...
Christiane Sanderson (2006). Counselling Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 1843103354. ... Counselling Survivors of Domestic Abuse. Jessica Kingsley Publishers; 15 June 2008. ISBN 978-1-84642-811-1 Crosson-Tower, ... Economic abuse wheel. Women's Domestic Abuse Helpline. Retrieved December 13, 2016. Jill Cory; Karen McAndless-Davis. When Love ... This power is obvious but also ineffective if abused. People who abuse reward power can become pushy or be reprimanded for ...
Christiane Sanderson (2006). Counselling Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 1843103354. ... Adult-to-adult narcissistic abuse Abuse of power Blackmail Child grooming Cycle of violence Elder abuse Enabling Expressions of ... often children or older adults) from a system of power. This can range from acts similar to home-based child abuse, such as ... Such killers are sometimes abused as children, leaving them with feelings of powerlessness and inadequacy as adults. Many power ...
Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Haworth Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-7890-1901-9. Robbins, Susan P. ( ... adults with posttraumatic symptoms and survivors of repeated childhood sexual or physical abuse. Trauma may also interfere with ... In one study where victims of documented child abuse were reinterviewed many years later as adults, 38% of the women denied any ... Controversies regarding adult recollections should not be allowed to obscure the fact that child sexual abuse is a complex and ...
Misinformation concerning child sexual abuse and adult survivors. Whitfield, C.L., Silberg, J., & Fink, P.J. (Eds.) (2002). New ... Memory and Abuse (1995), and The Truth About Mental Illness (2004). Healing the Child Within: Discovery and Recovery for Adult ... childhood sexual abuse, and addiction recovery, including Healing the Child Within and Memory and Abuse: Remembering and ... and a member of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. Whitfield has taught at Rutgers University and is a ...
ISBN 1-932594-39-6. Fink PJ; Whitfield Cl; Silberg JL (2001). Misinformation concerning child sexual abuse and adult survivors ... including sexual abuse. According to the FMS Foundation, "The controversy is not about whether children are abused. Child abuse ... after their adult daughter Professor Jennifer Freyd accused Peter Freyd of sexual abuse when she was a child. The FMSF ... Treating Abuse Today. 3 (3). Lightfoot, Liz (December 19, 1993). "Child abuse expert says paedophilia part of 'God's will'". ...
The major problem for adult survivors of childhood abuse is the burden of proof of the abuse in a formal legal setting. ... Survivors to this day still suffer the effects of the child abuse. The trauma experienced in care has affected care leavers ... Sexual abuse by foster parents, their children or other relatives was also reported. Children's experience of out-of-home care ... Each report made dozens of recommendations to address the problems caused by past abuse and prevent future abuse of children in ...
"Child Sexual Abuse and the "Grooming" Process". Christiane Sanderson (2006). Counselling Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse ... sexual abuse, psychological abuse and neglect and has inability to verbalize the details of the abuse. Child grooming can be a ... Food for young children, including formula and baby food can contain pathogens that can make the child very ill and even die. ... "What is Child Abuse and Neglect?". Australian Institute of Family Studies. September 2015. " ...
Sex between an adult family member and a child is usually considered a form of child sexual abuse known as child incestuous ... "Working with Survivors of Child Incestuous Abuse". Rutgers University. Archived from the original on 2014-11-01. Turner, ... While incest between adults and children generally involves the adult as the perpetrator of abuse, there are rare instances of ... The Goler clan in Nova Scotia is a specific instance in which child sexual abuse in the form of forced adult/child and sibling/ ...
Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Routledge. pp. 109-134. ISBN 0-7890-1901-9. Tice, PP; ... Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Routledge. pp. 157-182. ISBN 0-7890-1901-9. CS1 maint: ... Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Routledge. pp. 135-156. ISBN 0-7890-1901-9. CS1 maint: ... The criticisms were co-published in the 2001 book Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. In 2002, a ...
... indicating that it takes an average of 24 years for a survivor of child sexual abuse to go to the police. According to Attorney ... survivors of violent crime should be given additional time, as adults, to deal with the legal system. Offenders of minors and ... "A Submission by Care Leavers Australia Network (CLAN) to the Inquiry into the handling of child abuse by religious and other ... "Inquiry Into the Processes by Which Religious and Other Non-government Organisations Respond to the Criminal Abuse of Children ...
Gil, Eliana (1988). Outgrowing the pain a book for and about adults abused as children (second ed.). New York: Dell Trade Pbk. ... Gil, Eliana (1988). Treatment of adult survivors of childhood abuse. Walnut Creek, California: Launch Press. ISBN 9780961320560 ... San Francisco Child: San Francisco Child Abuse Council. Gil, Eliana (1982). Foster parenting abused children. Chicago, Illinois ... "Institutional abuse of children in out-of-home care". Child & Youth Services. Taylor and Francis. 4 (1-2): 7-13. doi:10.1300/ ...
"Efficacy of emotion focused therapy for adult survivors of child abuse: a preliminary study". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 14 ( ... Children in therapy: using the family as a resource. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 112-136. ISBN 0393702898. OCLC ... "support their child in the processing of emotions, increasing their emotional self-efficacy, deepening the parent-child ... Attachment theory and research in clinical work with adults. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 410-433. ISBN 9781593859985. OCLC ...
Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Haworth Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-7890-1901-9. McHugh 2008, pp. 67 ... ISBN 1-55874-320-0. Summit, R. (1983). "The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome". Child Abuse & Neglect. 7 (2): 177-93. ... including cases of alleged sexual abuse or child sexual abuse (CSA). while others have been deemed confabulations or "false ... False Memory Syndrome, Child & Woman Abuse Studies Unit of London Metropolitan University. Argues that "false memories" are ...
Many adults who were children at the commune wrote blogs confirming abuse (physical and sexual) by Schwartz at Mount Hope. A ... "From a Child of Mount Hope". Survivors of Mount Hope. Angel Fire. Retrieved 20 April 2012. Scheibner, Lisa. "Me And My Milky ... Some remaining adults defend Herbert T. Schwartz as a great and holy leader while the grown children are confused and depraved ... The novel was selected to be a Book Sense Pick and a Banks Children Book of the Year Selection. It was also a Golden Sower ...
The center also offers individual therapy and group therapy to adult survivors of child sexual abuse and other types of trauma ... During the 1980s, the agency added services to prevent and treat child abuse and neglect, adult education, and expanded youth ... as well as give voice to the experiences of child survivors who have gone through KHCC's child sexual abuse prevention and ... In 2013, KHCC produced LISTEN TO ME: stories of child sexual abuse survivors and those who help them in collaboration with Ping ...
Counselling Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse (2006) p. 136-7 and p. 395 Kate White ed., Touch: Attachment and the Body ( ... It is thought that such processes are more common in people who have experienced childhood abuse and trauma. Recent research ... dissociation and abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1507-1511. Suschinsky, K. D. & Lalumiere, M. L. (2010). Prepared ... Countertransference and vicarious traumatization in psychotherapy with incest survivors. New York: Norton Booth, A., Trimble, T ...
XVI (11). Whitfield, CL; Silberg JL; Fink PJ (2001). Misinformation Concerning Child Sexual Abuse and Adult Survivors. Haworth ... Summit, R. (1983). "The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome". Child Abuse & Neglect. 7 (2): 177-193. doi:10.1016/0145- ... for contexts where false memories of child sexual abuse may arise. The AHA acknowledges that child sexual abuse is serious, ... other explanations suggested for the retraction of allegations of abuse made by children and adults include guilt, a feeling of ...
In child sexual abuse (CSA) cases, the child may suffer mental health disorders that can extend into adult life especially if ... What Determines Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology for Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse? Child Abuse & Neglect. ... Sexual violence against children is a form of child abuse. It includes harassment and rape, as well as the use of children in ... Child sexual abuse is also largely underreported. Most of the data comes from asking adults about their past experiences. One ...
... as they advocate on behalf of the needs of children as victims and survivors of child abuse. Gundersen NCPTC promotes ... providing care and treatment for children and families and adult survivors. Gundersen NCPTC promotes reformation of current ... Gundersen National Child Protection Training Center (NCPTC) works to end all forms of child abuse, neglect and exploitation ... line child protection professionals around the nation so they will be prepared to recognize and report the abuse of a child. As ...
This hard-hitting play used comedy and drama to tell a story of two adult survivors of child abuse who became the people that ... This drug abuse manifests itself in verbal, emotional and physical abuse toward her children. She is unable to see the beauty ... The play focuses on critical issues including child abuse and rape and how they are overcome by a strong belief in God. Soul ... Mary (Shirley Marie Graham), the lead character, married and had two children before she had the opportunity to become an adult ...
... among adult survivors of sexual abuse, parents of developmentally disabled children, and mentally ill older adults. Mutual Aid ...
... which helps adult survivors of child sexual abuse to speak out. He married actress Emily Bowker in 2013. They live in London. ... Alongside appearing in the soap, the actor has helped raise awareness of child sex abuse through charity work and as patron for ... "Corrie's Chris Harper says abuse storyline 'isn't going to go away'". www.whatsontv.co.uk. 25 June 2017. "Christopher Harper - ...
... offers two main programs for abuse survivors: The Gatehouse Adult Support Network (GASN) and The Gatehouse ... investigating police officers and child welfare workers can interview children/youth and their families during child abuse ... Canada treating the survivors of child abuse. The headquarters for the charity was the doctor's house for the Lakeshore ... Since 1998 The Gatehouse has offered support groups for adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse through social reconnection, ...
... and more likely to have experienced non-MST sexual abuse either as children or adults than military members who have not been ... MST survivors often report a loss of professional and personal identity. They are also at increased risk of re-traumatization ... a b Valente, S. & Wright, C. (2007). Military Sexual Trauma: Violence and Sexual Abuse. Military Medicine, 172 (3), 259-265 ... Many survivors of MST report that they experience rejection from the military and feel incompetent after an Unrestricted Report ...
... letter from a woman who claimed that Robinson had sexually abused her when she was a child in a series of Satanic ritual abuse ... civil lawsuit against Robinson seeking financial damages for having been a victim of ritual abuse by Robinson and other adults ... The woman, using the name "Survivor Doe", also filed a ... Supreme Court Rejects Woman's Lawsuit Claiming Satanic Abuse by ...
"Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect" (PDF). Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 ... "According to a New Government Survey, 38 Percent of Adults and 12 Percent of Children Use Complementary and Alternative ... "Patient Perspectives: Barriers to Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies Create Problems for Patients and Survivors" ... In the United States, the 1974 Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) required that for states to receive federal ...
California about Adult Survivors of Child Abuse and meet people in your local community who share your interests. ... Adult Survivors of Child Abuse Meetups in Newhall Heres a look at some Adult Survivors of Child Abuse Meetups happening near ... Santa Clarita ASCA ( Adult Survivors of Child Abuse ) Santa Clarita ASCA ( Adult Survivors of Child Abuse ) Were 218 Members ...
Many perpetrators of sexual abuse are in a position of trust or responsible for the childs care, such as a family member, ... What are the effects of child sexual abuse for adults?. If you experienced sexual abuse as a child, you may encounter a range ... Adult survivors of child sexual abuse may have some of the following concerns that are specific to their experience:. *Guilt, ... If youre an adult who experienced sexual abuse as a child, know that you are not alone. Every eight minutes, a child is ...
Sign my petition and appeal to the Indian Government to allow adult survivors of child abuse to file complaints. ... Stop repeat offences by child molesters. Allow adult survivors to report childhood abuse. ... Allow adult survivors to report childhood sexual abuse". Join Purnima and 388,150 supporters today. ... Allow adult survivors to report childhood sexual abuse". Join Purnima and 388,150 supporters today. ...
An overview of the potential long-term effects of child abuse and neglect that can extend into adulthood for survivors,/p, ,/ ... An overview of the potential long-term effects of child abuse and neglect that can extend into adulthood for survivors ... Effects of child abuse and neglect for adult survivors Effects of child abuse and neglect for adult survivors Effects of child ... Child Sexual Abuse Research Adult Survivors - Australian Institute of Family Studies * Protecting Children - Child Family ...
Two-Thirds of Child Abuse Survivors Do Well as Adults. Last Updated: November 22, 2019. ... Also, childhood sexual abuse survivors who had chronic pain were half as likely to have complete mental health as those without ... "While the prevalence of complete mental health among childhood sexual abuse survivors is higher than we had expected, it is ... Survivors of sexual abuse can find more at the National Sexual Violence Resource Center. ...
... not just the person who has been abused, but also on their children; and even their childrens children...read more ... not just the person who has been abused, but also on their children; and even their childrens children. ... After Abuse: A Mental Health Guide for Adults Who Were Sexually Abused in Childhood ... An increasing number of adult survivors are seeking healthcare that is specific to their childhood sexual abuse. Many ...
Priory Consultant Psychiatrist Dr Paul McLaren discusses how child abuse can affect people as adults and the support that is ... How does child abuse impact life and relationships as an adult?. The experiences of child abuse can stay with survivors for a ... discusses how child abuse can affect people as adults.. Many of the children abused in the Rotherham case are now adults. ... How child abuse affects adult survivors. Dr Paul McLaren (MBBS, FRCPsych, MA, BA, MSc), Consultant Psychiatrist and Medical ...
Buy or Rent Working with Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse as an eTextbook and get instant access. With VitalSource, you ... Working with Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse Edition by Elsa Jones and Publisher Karnac Books. Save up to 80% by choosing ... Working with Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse by Elsa Jones * Publisher: Karnac Books ...
... for adult and young adult survivors of physical, sexual or emotional child abuse. Search for other trademarks at Trademarkia. ... The ASCA ADULT SURVIVORS OF CHILD ABUSE GUIDED SELF-HELP RECOVERY & PREVENTION PROGRAM covers donation - based, non- ... Morris Center for Healing fromChild Abuse, The. Filed to USPTO On Monday, November 21, 1994. ... ASCA ADULT SURVIVORS OF CHILD ABUSE GUIDED SELF-HELP RECOVERY & PREVENTION PROGRAM is a trademark and brand of Norma J. ...
doi:10.1046/j.1525-1497.2003.20918]. Child abuse is an intergenerational problem. Most frequently, the perpetrators of abuse ... The long-term impact of abuse of a child can be seen in higher rates of psychiatric disorders, increased rates of substance ... Furthermore, it focuses on the psychological implications of an abused adult in early childhood and its impact on his ... The long-term health outcomes of childhood abuse: An overview and a call to action. Journal of General Internal Medicine, ...
Hypertension in adult survivors of child abuse: observations from the Nurses Health Study II ... Hypertension in adult survivors of child abuse: observations from the Nurses Health Study II ...
... survivors. In Study 1, an American sample of 43 survivors completed questionnaires assessing attributional style and ... Survivors attributions of negative events were more internal, stable, and global than those of 29 comparison subjects without ... The latter finding was replicated in Study 2 with a German sample of 35 CSA survivors, even when controlling for frequency of ... Two studies explored the relationship between cognitions and long-term symptoms in adult child sexual abuse (CSA) ...
MIP also holds Alcoholics Anonymous, Al-Anon, ACA, and Abuse Survivors 12 Step Meetings and Chat. We provide message boards, ... Online Adult Children Anonymous Meetings, Chat and support. ... Adult Children Anonymous (formerly known as Adult Children of ... We learned to keep our feelings down as children and kept them buried as adults. As a result of this conditioning, we confused ... You will become an adult who is imprisoned no longer by childhood reactions. You will recover the child within you, learning to ...
... we know more about the healing process of adult survivors of sexual abuse than ever before.. Many adult survivors manage things ... Mental health providers began to scramble, looking for effective ways to help adult survivors of child sexual abuse. Thankfully ... How to support an adult survivor. Often, survivors of sexual abuse grow up feeling very isolated and vulnerable, a feeling that ... Adult survivors may appear to be strong and have dealt with the past abuse, however, they may be falling apart inside. ...
... providing many services to adult survivors of child abuse and information for anyone interested in the many issues involving ... 3 child abuse trauma prevention, intervention & recovery We have a single purpose at NAASCA, to address issues related to ... presenting the facts that show child abuse to be a pandemic, worldwide problem that affects everyone 2) offering hope for ... childhood abuse and trauma including sexual assault, violent or physical abuse, emotional traumas and neglect .. and we do so ...
Santa Monica ASCA (Adult Survivors of Child Abuse) Santa Monica ASCA (Adult Survivors of Child Abuse) 561 Members ... Narcissistic Abuse Recovery Support Group Los Angeles Area Narcissistic Abuse Recovery Support Group Los Angeles Area 474 ... LA County HFA/Aspergers Adults Meet-Up group LA County HFA/Aspergers Adults Meet-Up group 1,151 AS, HFAs and different ... West LA CHADD for Adults/Parents dealing with ADHD/ADD 362 Members ...
Wednesdays children : adult survivors of abuse speak out. Title Wednesdays children. Title remainder adult survivors of abuse ... Wednesdays children : adult survivors of abuse speak out, Suzanne Somers Label Wednesdays children : adult survivors of abuse ... adult-survivors-of-abuse/OdHFDPzsgBM/,Wednesdays children : adult survivors of abuse speak out, Suzanne Somers,/a,,/span, - , ... adult-survivors-of-abuse/OdHFDPzsgBM/,Wednesdays children : adult survivors of abuse speak out, Suzanne Somers,/a,,/span, - , ...
This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse,/p, ,/div,,/div ... This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse ... For consistency and clarity the current paper uses the term victim for the childhood experience and survivor for the adult ... For further information on the definition of child sexual abuse and other child maltreatment subtypes see What is Child Abuse ...
4 MILLION TO HELP RAPE SURVIVORS REBUILD THEIR LIVES On Friday 22nd February 2013, Victims Minister Helen Grant a ... Childrens Commissioner Survey: Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse. Posted on May 21, 2015 by The Survivors Trust in Latest ... The Childrens Commissioner has released a survivor survey aimed at gathering the views of adult survivors. The Childrens ... Four Person Panel named in Child Sexual Abuse (Goddard) Inquiry. Posted on March 13, 2015 by The Survivors Trust in Latest News ...
Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse : Characteristics of the Mother-child Relationship Description: This qualitative ... the characteristics of the mother-child relationship of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse at the time of the abuse. The ... Impact of Child-Centered Play Therapy on Children of Different Developmental Stages Description: The purpose of this study was ... The impact of child-centered play therapy was measured by a decrease in parent-child relationship stress as measured by scores ...
... strengths-based approach to individual and family psychotherapy guided by the effects of abuse trauma on the development of ... Intervention Strategies with Children and Families. Psychotherapy with Adult Survivors. Policy and Prevention. Appendix A: ... Sibling Abuse Trauma Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Children, Families, and Adults By John V. Caffaro. ... Sibling Abuse Trauma: Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Children, Families, and Adults. ISBN , Quantity: ...
Subtitle: Adult survivors perspectives of child sexual abuse by personnel in Christian Institutions Place: Brisbane Publisher ... PUB: "They did not believe me": Adult survivors perspectives of child sexual abuse by personnel in Christian Institutions ... In the majority of cases the abuse ceased because of actions by survivors, not by adults within families or the Christian ... including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, ...
I have never met an abuse survivor who did not struggle with feelings..... ... Feelings of shame is another hallmark aftereffect of childhood abuse. ... Incest between adults and prepubescent or adolescent children is a form of child sexual abuse that has been shown to be one of ... Unfortunately, many abused children grow into adults without ever purging this shame in a healthy manner, and their deep-seated ...
An integrated medical and mental health evaluation and treatment model of a child advocacy center (CAC) has the potential to ... Independent variables included demographics, abuse characteristics, and therapist characteristics. Data were abstracted from ... Child sexual abuse (CSA) often requires psychological treatment to address the symptoms of victim trauma. Barriers to entry and ... Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Secondary Education. Audience: N/A. Language: English ...
Code of Conduct for the prevention of child sex abuse and management of CSA incidents within the fellowship of friends and ... Most adult survivors kept the abuse a secret in childhood. Telling another human being about what happened is a powerful ... "Courage to Heal: A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse." Bass, Ellen & Davis, Laura. Perrenial Currents, June 1994 ... No Blame - Adults survivors often blame themselves for being abused. It is important you reassure them the behaviour of the ...
  • 1993). Moreover, this type of abuse does not always involve penetration, but also includes inappropriate touching or witnessing a sexual acts. (bartleby.com)
  • The long-term impact of abuse of a child can be seen in higher rates of psychiatric disorders, increased rates of substance abuse and relationship difficulties [Springer, K. W., Sheridan, J., Kuo, D., & Carnes, M. (2003). (ed.gov)
  • In treatment, it is important to address any acute symptoms such as substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder or thoughts of suicide first. (obesityaction.org)
  • Independent variables included demographics, abuse characteristics, and therapist characteristics. (ed.gov)
  • There were no differences between subjects that linked and/or completed therapy and those that did not with regard to demographic characteristics or abuse severity. (ed.gov)
  • In a sample of 415 predominantly minority women with physical disabilities recruited from private and public specialty outpatient clinics, we examined experiences of physical, sexual, and disability-related abuse within the past year and its associations with demographic, disability, and psychosocial characteristics. (bcm.edu)
  • Unfortunately, some adult survivors avoid working through their traumas by hurting themselves with drugs and alcohol, excessive exercise, unhealthy relationships with food, or harming themselves in other ways. (mocsa.org)
  • The DVD called 'Back on Track: Men talking about childhood sexual assault' follows the true stories of a number of participants from SECASA's annual weekend retreat for male survivors of sexual assault in Maldon, central Victoria. (secasa.com.au)
  • ASCA is one of few organisations helping adults surviving child abuse throughout Australia, an issue that is believed to cost Australians more than $10 billion annually, but does not receive ongoing government funding. (marketingmag.com.au)