Adrenogenital Syndrome: Abnormal SEX DIFFERENTIATION or congenital DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT caused by abnormal levels of steroid hormones expressed by the GONADS or the ADRENAL GLANDS, such as in CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA and ADRENAL CORTEX NEOPLASMS. Due to abnormal steroid biosynthesis, clinical features include VIRILISM in females; FEMINIZATION in males; or precocious sexual development in children.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Transsexualism: Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital: A group of inherited disorders of the ADRENAL GLANDS, caused by enzyme defects in the synthesis of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) and/or ALDOSTERONE leading to accumulation of precursors for ANDROGENS. Depending on the hormone imbalance, congenital adrenal hyperplasia can be classified as salt-wasting, hypertensive, virilizing, or feminizing. Defects in STEROID 21-HYDROXYLASE; STEROID 11-BETA-HYDROXYLASE; STEROID 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE; 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3-HYDROXYSTEROID DEHYDROGENASES); TESTOSTERONE 5-ALPHA-REDUCTASE; or steroidogenic acute regulatory protein; among others, underlie these disorders.Sex Reassignment Surgery: Surgical treatments used to change the physiological sexual characteristics of an individual.Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XX: The 46,XX gonadal dysgenesis may be sporadic or familial. Familial XX gonadal dysgenesis is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and its locus was mapped to chromosome 2. Mutation in the gene for the FSH receptor (RECEPTORS, FSH) was detected. Sporadic XX gonadal dysgenesis is heterogeneous and has been associated with trisomy-13 and trisomy-18. These phenotypic females are characterized by a normal stature, sexual infantilism, bilateral streak gonads, amenorrhea, elevated plasma LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH concentration.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Steroid 21-Hydroxylase: An adrenal microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 21-hydroxylation of steroids in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP21 gene, converts progesterones to precursors of adrenal steroid hormones (CORTICOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE). Defects in CYP21 cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL).American Hospital Association: A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Multi-Institutional Systems: Institutional systems consisting of more than one health facility which have cooperative administrative arrangements through merger, affiliation, shared services, or other collective ventures.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone: A metabolite of PROGESTERONE with a hydroxyl group at the 17-alpha position. It serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of HYDROCORTISONE and GONADAL STEROID HORMONES.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Pregnanetriol: A metabolite of 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYPROGESTERONE, normally produced in small quantities by the GONADS and the ADRENAL GLANDS, found in URINE. An elevated urinary pregnanetriol is associated with CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA with a deficiency of STEROID 21-HYDROXYLASE.Hydroxyprogesterones: Metabolites or derivatives of PROGESTERONE with hydroxyl group substitution at various sites.Fludrocortisone: A synthetic mineralocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity.Osteoprotegerin: A secreted member of the TNF receptor superfamily that negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis. It is a soluble decoy receptor of RANK LIGAND that inhibits both CELL DIFFERENTIATION and function of OSTEOCLASTS by inhibiting the interaction between RANK LIGAND and RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B.Glucocorticoids: A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Hormone Replacement Therapy: Therapeutic use of hormones to alleviate the effects of hormone deficiency.Congenital Hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.Trypsinogen: The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)Neonatal Screening: The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.Dried Blood Spot Testing: Techniques for using whole blood samples collected on filter paper for a variety of clinical laboratory tests.Hypothyroidism: A syndrome that results from abnormally low secretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND, leading to a decrease in BASAL METABOLIC RATE. In its most severe form, there is accumulation of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and EDEMA, known as MYXEDEMA.Endocrinology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.WashingtonBritish Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.SwedenHospital Bed Capacity, 100 to 299United StatesAmenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Nursing Diagnosis: Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.Hypothalamic Diseases: Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Galactorrhea: Excessive or inappropriate LACTATION in females or males, and not necessarily related to PREGNANCY. Galactorrhea can occur either unilaterally or bilaterally, and be profuse or sparse. Its most common cause is HYPERPROLACTINEMIA.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Salivary Gland Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the SALIVARY GLANDS.Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic: Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)Adrenal Glands: A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.American Cancer Society: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.Adrenal Gland Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Adrenal Gland Diseases: Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Spermatic Cord: Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.Renal Colic: A severe intermittent and spasmodic pain in the lower back radiating to the groin, scrotum, and labia which is most commonly caused by a kidney stone (RENAL CALCULUS) passing through the URETER or by other urinary track blockage. It is often associated with nausea, vomiting, fever, restlessness, dull pain, frequent urination, and HEMATURIA.Varicocele: A condition characterized by the dilated tortuous veins of the SPERMATIC CORD with a marked left-sided predominance. Adverse effect on male fertility occurs when varicocele leads to an increased scrotal (and testicular) temperature and reduced testicular volume.Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial: Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Kidney Neoplasms: Tumors or cancers of the KIDNEY.Hematuria: Presence of blood in the urine.

KORSAKOFF'S SYNDROME ASSOCIATED WITH ADRENAL VIRILISM. (1/3)

Korsakoff's syndrome of obscure etiology was observed in a 34-year-old single woman with an 11-year history of hirsutism and mood swings, and previous hospitalizations for mania three years ago and depression 11 years ago.Recently the virilism had intensified with increased muscularity and coarsening of facial features. The 24-hour urinary 17-ketosteroids ranged between 14.4 mg. and 21.5 mg. and were suppressed by dexamethasone. The 17-hydroxycorticosteroid excretion was normal. These and other findings suggested a diagnosis of adrenal virilism due to adrenocortical hyperplasia. In the absence of other discernible causes it appeared that the adrenal pathology was responsible for the Korsakoff's syndrome. Both conditions responded well to glucocorticoid therapy although low doses were necessary to avoid mania.It is speculated that the encephalopathy was due to an associated adrenal insufficiency. Although hypoadrenalism is accepted as a complication of only the infant form of adrenal virilism, it is noteworthy that this patient had pathological pigmentation of her skin.  (+info)

Microscope-assisted reduction clitoroplasty used to treat two patients with clitoromegaly. (2/3)

We report 2 cases of clitoromegaly, 1 in a patient with true hermaphroditism, and the other in a patient with adrenogenital syndrome. Both were treated surgically with reduction clitoroplasty. There are 3 different clitoroplasty procedures: clitorectomy, clitoral recession, and reduction clitoroplasty. Reduction clitoroplasty with preservation of the neurovascular bundle is considered superior in terms of formation of the external genitals and sensation. However, the disadvantages are that detachment of the neurovascular bundle from the clitoral shaft is difficult and that there is a high possibility of sensory and blood flow disorders in the clitoris. In an attempt to achieve safe and reliable surgical manipulation, we used a surgical microscope (OPMI 6-SDFC, Carl Zeiss Surgical GmbH, magnification x8) to detach the neurovascular bundle from the clitoral shaft in our 2 patients. Our impression is that our efforts were extremely effective. Furthermore, our experience leads us to believe that the procedure for neurovascular bundle detachment required in reduction clitoroplasty is not particularly difficult if performed with a surgical microscope by a plastic surgeon who regularly performs microsurgery. Because the procedure can be performed simply and safely, we believe that reduction clitoroplasty with preservation of the neurovascular bundle is the best overall of the 3 clitoroplasty procedures.  (+info)

Role of a disordered steroid metabolome in the elucidation of sterol and steroid biosynthesis. (3/3)

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In a recent opinion article (1) we incorrectly stated that to date no cases of gender dysphoria had been reported in 46,XX individuals with adrenogenital syndrome raised as females. Reflecting on this statement prompted this review.In a review by Dessens et al. in 2005 (2) 13 of 250 ( 5.2%) cases of females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) assigned the female gender role early in life later exhibited gender dysphoria of such severity that induced to seek gender reassignment to male. Of interest, those cases originate from 2 publications (3, 4). A review of PubMed under the headings CAH and gender dysphoria yielded only one more article since 2005(5). This information is crucial to aid clinicians in counseling parents of affected newborns in gender assignment. According to the American Psychiatric Association, gender dysphoria is defined as a marked difference he tween expressed or experienced gender of a person and the and the gender others would assign him or her which continues for six
[Female pseudohermaphroditism in congenital adrenogenital syndrome as an incidental intraoperative finding in a 68-year-old patient].:
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ହାଇଡ୍ରୋକର୍ଟିଜୋନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷାରେ Hydrocortisone, ଏକ ବିକ୍ରୟ ନାମ କର୍ଟେଫ/Cortef) ନାମ ଦିଆଯାଏ ଯେତେବେଳେ ହରମୋନ କର୍ଟିଜୋଲକୁ (cortisol) ଔଷଧ ଆକାରରେ ଯୋଗାଇ ଦିଆଯାଏ ।[୨] ଏହି ଔଷଧ ବ୍ୟବ‌ହାର କରାଯାଉଥିବା ରୋଗମାନଙ୍କର ନାମ: ଆଡ୍ରେନାଲ ଇନସଫିସିଏନ୍ସି (adrenocortical insufficiency, ଆଡ୍ରେନୋଜେନିଟାଲ ସିଣ୍ଡ୍ରୋମ (adrenogenital syndrome), ହାଇପୋକ୍ୟାଲସେମିଆ (high blood calcium, ଥାଇରଏଡାଇଟିସ (thyroiditis), ରିଉମାଟଏଡ ଆର୍ଥ୍ରାଇଟିସ, ଡର୍ମାଟାଇଟିସ (dermatitis), ଆଜ୍‌ମା, ଓ ସିଓପିଡି ।[୧] ଆଡ୍ରେନୋକର୍ଟିକାଲ ...
Accelerated Growth & Achard Thiers Syndrome & Nocturnal Hand Pain Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Adrenogenital Syndrome. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Adrenogenital Syndrome, Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, Asthma, acute, Asthma, Maintenance, Allergy (Allergies), Dermatologic Lesion, Gout, Acute, Immunosuppression, Inflammatory Conditions, Neuralgia, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, ...
Diagnosis Code E25.8 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Achard-Thiers. Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis:. Acquired adrenogenital syndrome is a rare endocrine disorder that occurs because of a tumor in the adrenal glands which causes the overproduction of androgens. In an adult female the symptoms may include a male pattern of hair growth, loss of hair on the head, acne, deepening voice, and abnormally large muscles.. Empty sella syndrome is a rare brain disorder that may be inherited or acquired. The acquired form of the disease may occur as a result of a tumor in the pituitary gland or radiation to that area. Symptoms may include headaches, impaired vision, and/or obesity. Some people with empty sella syndrome cannot tolerate cold temperatures and may also have abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension). In women this disorder is associated with an increase in body hair and a male pattern of hair growth. (For more information on this disorder, choose "Empty ...
Adrenogenitale Syndrome, in the Girl vs. Hypospadias, Severe Type. Adrenogenitale Syndrome, in the Girl vs. Hypospadias, Severe Type Left picture: The further clinical and additional examinations display an adrenogenital syndrome in a girl (female pseudohermaphrodidism). The hairy zone and the pigmentation which is abnormal for the age of the girl are signs of a masculinization of the external genitals and call for an especially careful clinical examination; notice for that also the picture at the bottom of the same side. Right picture: The diagnosis is a severe type of a hypospadias. The findings which are mentioned in the picture at the top in the contralateral patient are missing in this child. Left picture: Toddler with a penis-like structure and labioscrotal folds on both sides of it having a similar pigmentation as the penis. Hairy suprapubic region. Right picture: Toddler with slack labioscrotal folds and trumpet-like structure in between. The color of the skin of the external genitals is ...
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), also known as the "adrenogenital syndrome," is an uncommon condition caused by a congenital defect in one of several enzymes that take part in the chain of reactions whereby cortisol is manufactured from its precursors. There are at least six fairly well-defined variants of CAH that result from the various enzyme defects. The most common of these are types I and II, which are due to C21-hydroxylase enzyme deficiency. All CAH variants are inherited as autosomal recessive traits. The clinical and laboratory findings depend on which metabolic pathway-and which precursor in the metabolic pathway- is affected. All variants affect the glucocorticoid (cortisol) pathway in some manner. In CAH due to 21-hydroxylase defect (types I and II) and in CAH type III, although formation of cortisone and cortisol is blocked, the precursors of these glucocorticoids are still being manufactured. Most of the early precursors of cortisone are estrogenic compounds, which also are ...
Follicle-stimulating Hormone Decreased, Irregular Menstruation, Luteinizing Hormone Low Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Anorexia Nervosa, Adrenogenital Syndrome. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
The intramuscular dosage will vary with the condition being treated. When employed as a temporary substitute for oral therapy, a single injection during each 24-hour period of a dose of the suspension equal to the total daily oral dose of MEDROL® Tablets (methylprednisolone tablets, USP) is usually sufficient. When a prolonged effect is desired, the weekly dose may be calculated by multiplying the daily oral dose by 7 and given as a single intramuscular injection.. In pediatric patients, the initial dose of methylprednisolone may vary depending on the specific disease entity being treated. Dosage must be individualized according to the severity of the disease and response of the patient. The recommended dosage may be reduced for pediatric patients, but dosage should be governed by the severity of the condition rather than by strict adherence to the ratio indicated by age or body weight.. In patients with the adrenogenital syndrome, a single intramuscular injection of 40 mg every two weeks may ...
florinef Fludrocortisone, Astonin,Astonin-h,Cortineff,Dicortineff vet,Floricot,Florinefe,Fludrocortison,Fludrocortisona,Fludrocortisonum,Fludroxyl,Lonikan, Florinef is used for treating adrenocortical insufficiency in Addison disease and for treating salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome..
Clitoromegaly (or macroclitoris) is an abnormal enlargement of the clitoris that is mostly congenital or acquired, though deliberately induced clitoris enlargement as a form of female genital body modification is achieved through various uses of anabolic steroids, including testosterone, and may also be referred to as clitoromegaly. Clitoromegaly is not the same as normal enlargement of the clitoris seen during sexual arousal. The different grade of genital ambiguity is commonly measured by the Prader classification, which ranges, in ascending order of masculinisation, from 1: female external genitalia with clitoromegaly through 5: pseudo-phallus looking like normal male external genitalia. Clitoromegaly is a rare condition and can be either present by birth or acquired later in life. If present at birth, congenital adrenal hyperplasia can be one of the causes, since in this condition the adrenal gland of the female fetus produces additional androgens and the newborn baby has ambiguous genitalia ...
0 yrs old Female asked about Clitoromegaly, 1 doctor answered this and 282 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
ZAMBELLI, Anthony B.; CLIFT, Sarah J.; GERBER, David e SCHOEMAN, Johan P.. Hypercalcaemic multicentric lymphoma in a dog presenting as clitoromegaly. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2013, vol.84, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2224-9435.. Clitoromegaly is a clinical manifestation of various local and systemic conditions in all species. The external genitalia are a very rare site of primary or metastatic lymphoma in canines, with only one previously-reported case in a dog and only sparse reports in the medical literature. Lymphoma is also very rare in dogs less than four years of age. This account reports on a T-cell multicentric lymphoma in a 16-month-old Basset hound presented primarily for clitoromegaly. The patient survived for 68 days with cyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisolone therapy. The causes of clitoromegaly in all species, including humans, are tabulated with references.. ...
Clitoromegaly is a clinical manifestation of various local and systemic conditions in all species. The external genitalia are a very rare site of primary or metastatic lymphoma in canines, with only one previously-reported case in a dog and only sparse reports in the medical literature. Lymphoma is also very rare in dogs less than four years of age. This account reports on a T-cell multicentric lymphoma in a 16-month-old Basset hound presented primarily for clitoromegaly. The patient survived for 68 days with cyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisolone therapy. The causes of clitoromegaly in all species, including humans, are tabulated with references ...
Received for publication March 28, 1955.From the Departments of Medicine and Pathology, University of Colorado Medical School and Denver General Hospital, Denver, Colorado.Originally presented at a Combined Regional Meeting of The American College of Physicians and The Colorado Society of Internal Medicine, Colorado Springs, Colorado, January 15, 1955.†Trainee, National Cancer Institute.‡This patients case was abstracted prior to her death by Downing et al., in a paper on retroperitoneal radiography.1 The case was reported in abbreviated form, again prior to death, by Taylor and Snow,2 in a paper on "Adrenal Virilism in the Female Child and Adult ...
Just as a patient suffering from Korsakoffs Syndrome, which affects the memory, may confabulate - create a false account in order to explain their solution and completely believe in it - and just as an act of architectural restoration may involve a certain amount of creative guesswork, so too goes the story of this wretched scrap of literature. Repeatedly destroyed, savaged, battered and blown to bits, only to be rebuilt from a few scattered remains by a different writer every time, it has survived long enough to be worth my presenting to you in bound form, with every past iteration having been reclaimed using sorcery, and the full story of its life painstakingly put back together. I, Dr Fulminare, give you the one and only Korsakoffs Paper Chain.. Featuring new poems by:. David Floyd, Charlotte Geater, Aiko Harman, Sarah Howe, Edward Mackay, Richard OBrien, Adham Smart, James Wilkes, Chrissy Williams and Tony Williams.. ...
Errorless learning has proven to be an effective method for (re)learning tasks in several patient groups with amnesia. However, so far only a handful of studies have examined the effects of errorless learning in patients with Korsakoffs syndrome. The aims of this feasibility study were to (a) examine the effects of errorless learning training on (re)learning tasks in a patient with Korsakoffs syndrome, (b) examine the effects of the nature of the training on the execution of the tasks, and (c) examine characteristics that may mediate learning outcome. Professional caregivers, who were trained in errorless learning principles, taught 51 patients with Korsakoffs syndrome two everyday tasks. Significant improvements in the performance were found after an errorless intervention for different types of trained tasks (activities of daily living, chores, mobility, housekeeping). Moreover, the results of this study suggest that all patients, despite of age, educational level, or level of cognitive ...
Deficiency of nutrients such as minerals, proteins and vitamins are found in alcoholics. Low blood potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc and phosphorus can occur in alcoholics. Vitamins like thiamine (B1), nicotinic acid (B3), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid, ascorbic acid (Yitamin C) and vitamin A may be deficient in alcoholics. Thiamine (B1) deficiency causes Wernickes and Korsakoffs syndrome.. Wernicke syndrome (= Wernicke disease or encephalopathy) is characterized by mental disturbance, paralysis of eye movements and ataxia (a loss of the power of muscular co-ordination) of gait (manner of or carriage in walking). Korsakoffs syndrome (= Korsakoffs psychosis) is characterised by confusion and severe impairment of memory, especially for recent events.. ...
R 75251, a new inhibitor of steroid biosynthesis.: R 75251, a new imidazole derivative, inhibited the conversion of androgens to estrogens, of progestins to and
DM v Y City Council [2017] EWCOP 13, Bodey J, 15 June 2017. On a s 21A MCA 2005 application the court determined that it was in DMs best interests to remain in the current care home where he was forbidden to drink alcohol rather than move to a home that allowed the consumption of alcohol.. DM suffered from Korsakoffs Syndrome and lacked capacity to make decisions as to his care and residence and as to drinking alcohol. He needed support with all aspects of daily living. DM wished to drink alcohol. Expert evidence established that in view of his cirrhosis of the liver even if he were to drink a relatively low level of alcohol his life expectancy would be significantly reduced. The judge was referred to Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust v James [2013] UKSC 67 and Local Authority X v MM and Another [2007] EWHC 2003 including the passage in Munby Js judgment, "What good is making someone safe if it merely makes them miserable?". Bodey J considered it a finely balanced decision, and ...
Behavioural Neurology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a platform for researchers and clinicians working in the areas of neurology, cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology and neuropsychiatry.
Korsakoffs Syndrome is an inability to form new memories because of damage to the brains temporal lobes after years of alcohol abuse. Sufferers make up stories and then make up new stories to cover the mistakes and falsehoods in the first series of stories. According to Drs G dYdewalle and I Van Damme of the Department of Psychology at the University of Leuven in Belgium, writing in the ...
The expression pattern of genes involving in sex steroid biosynthesis pathway in DHT-treated rat ovaries. (A) A modified steroid biosynthesis pathway from [53].
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery. (Brännskadecentrum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9735-1434 ...
The biosynthesis and control of adrenocortical steroids and current ideas on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with Addisons disease, Cushings syndrome, mineralosteroid excess, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and adrenal virilism, are among topics reviewed in this volume of the contemplated 13-volume series Comprehensive Endocrinology. There are separate chapters on the adrenal medulla and radionuclide imaging in adrenal disease. Each volume is indexed separately and available individually.. In the preface Dr. Biglieri surprisingly is listed as the author of the chapter on mineralocorticoid excess when in fact that chapter was written by Dr. Stockigt. There are 13 authors, but the editor ...
Elevated urine pregnanetriol levels suggest adrenogenital syndrome. In monitoring treatment with cortisol replacement, elevated ...
The condition was known at the time as "adreno-genital syndrome", although the term now used is congenital adrenal hyperplasia ... "The adreno-genital syndrome associated with cortical hyperplasia; the results of unilateral adrenalectomy". British Journal of ...
Uses include conditions such as adrenocortical insufficiency, adrenogenital syndrome, high blood calcium, thyroiditis, ...
"Neonatal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) associated with the adrenogenital syndrome." The Journal of Pediatrics 18.6 ...
Genital findings in the female pseudo-hermaphroditism of the congenital adrenogenital syndrome; morphology, frequency, ... It can also be caused by the autosomal recessive congenital disorder known as Fraser syndrome. In acquired clitoromegaly, the ... van Haelst MM, Scambler PJ, Hennekam RC (December 2007). "Fraser syndrome: a clinical study of 59 cases and evaluation of ... "Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome". Retrieved 2008-09-28. Horejsí J (June 1997). "Acquired clitoral enlargement. Diagnosis and ...
... is a corticosteroid which is used to treat adrenogenital syndrome, postural hypotension, and adrenal insufficiency. In adrenal ... Fludrocortisone has been used in the treatment of cerebral salt wasting syndrome. It is used primarily to replace the missing ... Fludrocortisone is also a confirmation test for diagnosing Conn's syndrome (aldosterone producing-adrenal adenoma), the ... fludrocortisone is the first line of treatment for orthostatic intolerance and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS ...
Adrenal insufficiency Adrenal macropolyadenomatosis Adrenal medulla neoplasm Adrenocortical carcinoma Adrenogenital syndrome ... syndrome Aarskog-Ose-Pande syndrome Aarskog syndrome Aase-Smith syndrome Anti amnistic syndrome Aase syndrome ABCD syndrome ... syndrome Akesson syndrome Aksu-Stckhausen syndrome Al Awadi Teebi Farag syndrome Al Frayh Facharzt Haque syndrome Al Gazali Al ... Alien hand syndrome Alkaptonuria Allain-Babin-Demarquez syndrome Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome Allanson-Pantzar-McLeod syndrome ...
... combines the features of adrenogenital syndrome and Cushing syndrome. It is also known as diabetic- ... Achard-Thiers syndrome affects mostly postmenopausal women and comprises diabetes mellitus, deep voice, hirsutism or ... Pal, Lubna (2013). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current and Emerging Concepts. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 97. ISBN ... bearded woman syndrome (diabète des femmes à barbe) and occurs mainly in post-menopausal women. The disease is named for Emile ...
... adrenogenital syndrome MeSH C19.391.775.260 --- freemartinism MeSH C19.391.775.309 --- gonadal dysgenesis MeSH C19.391.775.309. ... cushing syndrome MeSH C19.053.800.604 --- hyperaldosteronism MeSH C19.053.800.604.249 --- bartter syndrome MeSH C19.246.099.500 ... kallmann syndrome MeSH C19.391.482.629 --- klinefelter syndrome MeSH C19.391.482.814 --- sexual infantilism MeSH C19.391. ... digeorge syndrome MeSH C19.700.159.750 --- diabetes insipidus, neurogenic MeSH C19.700.159.875 --- wolfram syndrome MeSH ...
Other Cushing's syndrome (E24.5) Cushing's syndrome, unspecified (E25) Adrenogenital disorders (E25.0) Congenital adrenogenital ... Tietz syndrome (ILDS E70.358) Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (ILDS E70.360) Cross syndrome (ILDS E70.380) (E70.8) Other disorders of ... Gilbert's syndrome (E80.5) Crigler-Najjar syndrome (E80.6) Other disorders of bilirubin metabolism Dubin-Johnson syndrome ... Cushing's syndrome (E24.0) Pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease (E24.1) Nelson's syndrome (E24.2) Ectopic ACTH syndrome (E24.3 ...
... adrenogenital syndrome, high blood calcium, thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatitis, asthma, and COPD.[1] It is the ...
... adrenogenital syndrome), ହାଇପୋକ୍ୟାଲସେମିଆ (high blood calcium, ଥାଇରଏଡାଇଟିସ (thyroiditis), ରିଉମାଟଏଡ ଆର୍ଥ୍ରାଇଟିସ, ଡର୍ମାଟାଇଟିସ ( ...
Welcome to the updated version of Pathology for Urologists! This program was designed to help Urology residents and fellows familiarize themselves with the pathologic features of common urologic entities. This will serve not only as a resource tool for your review but also as a quick reference guide to urologic pathology.
XX individuals with adrenogenital syndrome raised as females. Reflecting on this statement prompted this review.In a review by ... XX Persons with Adrenogenital Syndrome Raised as Females: An Addendum ... Gender dysphoria in 46,XX persons with adrenogenital syndrome raised as females: an addendum. Ricardo González* and Barbara M. ... Citation: González R and Ludwikowski BM (2015) Gender dysphoria in 46,XX persons with adrenogenital syndrome raised as females ...
... - 25 Studies Found. Status. Study Completed. Study Name: Examining Genetic Differences Among People With ...
Edwards " Syndrome). ????? ?? (Adie"S Syndrome), ????? ???????? (Holmes-Adie Syndrome). ????? ?? -????? (Holmes-Adie Syndrome) ... Scalenus Syndrome, Thoracic Outlet Syndrome). ????? ????? -????????? (Fragile-X Syndrome). ????? ???????? (?? leod"S Syndrome ... Adamsstokes Syndrome). ????? ???????????? (Thalamic Syndrome). ????? ?????? (Turner"S Syndrome). ????? ?? (Tietze"S Syndrome ... Budd- Chiari Syndrome). ????? ????? (Banti"S Syndrome). ????? ???????? (Briquet"S Syndrome). ????? ?????-????? (Brown-Sequard ...
adrenogenital syndrome (ă-dree-noh-jen-it-ăl) n. a hormonal disorder resulting from abnormal steroid production by the adrenal ... adrenogenital syndrome A Dictionary of Nursing © A Dictionary of Nursing 2008, originally published by Oxford University Press ... It is also called adrenogenital syndrome.. Causes and symptoms. CAH is an inherited disorder. It is a recessive disease, which ... CAH is also called adrenogenital syndrome or 21-hydroxylase deficiency.. Demographics. CAH, a genetic disorder, is the most ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Lifelong glucocorticoid treatment of congenital adrenogenital syndrome.b. In salt-losing forms, ... Loefflers Syndrome. Symptomatic relief of acute manifestations of symptomatic Loefflers syndrome not manageable by other ... Nephrotic Syndrome and Lupus Nephritis. Treatment of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome without uremia.d ... Nephrotic Syndrome and Lupus Nephritis. Oral. Average 16-20 mg (up to 48 mg) daily, until diuresis occurs.j After diuresis ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Lifelong glucocorticoid treatment of congenital adrenogenital syndrome.a c. In salt-losing forms, ... Adrenogenital Syndrome prednisone, dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, Medrol, Medrol Dosepak, Decadron, More.... 15 more ... Adrenogenital Syndrome. IM. Methylprednisolone acetate: 40 mg every 2 weeks.d m ... Nephrotic Syndrome and Lupus Nephritis. Treatment of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome without uremia.a d e f ...
List of variants in gene HSD3B2 studied for adrenogenital syndrome Included ClinVar conditions (13):*3 beta-Hydroxysteroid ...
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is the name given to a group of inherited disorders of the adrenal gland.
Clitoroplasty for Clitoromegaly Due to Adrenogenital Syndrome Without Loss of Sensitivity. Sagehashi, Nobuyuki; Edgerton, ... Clitoroplasty for Clitoromegaly Due to Adrenogenital Syndrome Without Loss of Sensitivity. Sagehashi, Nobuyuki ...
Cushings syndrome definition is - an abnormal condition caused by excess levels of corticosteroids and especially cortisol in ... Share Cushings syndrome. Post the Definition of Cushings syndrome to Facebook Share the Definition of Cushings syndrome on ... Time Traveler for Cushings syndrome. The first known use of Cushings syndrome was in 1937. See more words from the same year ... Comments on Cushings syndrome. What made you want to look up Cushings syndrome? Please tell us where you read or heard it ( ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Hyperplasia. Adrenocortical Hyperfunction. Pathologic Processes. Disorders of Sex Development. ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Pancreatic Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Lung Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Genetic ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Adrenocortical Hyperfunction. Hyperandrogenism. Pathologic Processes. Adrenal Gland Diseases. Endocrine ... Short-term overtreatment with glucocorticoids can lead to iatrogenic Cushing syndrome and long-term use has been associated ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome. Congenital Abnormalities. Metformin. Citric Acid. Clomiphene. Enclomiphene. Zuclomiphene. Hypoglycemic ... Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Anovulation Oligoovulation Infertility Hyperandrogenism Drug: Metformin Drug: Clomiphene citrate Drug ... Genetics Home Reference related topics: Polycystic ovary syndrome Drug Information available for: Clomiphene citrate Metformin ... Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Chronic Anovulation. Chronic Oligoovulation. Infertility. Hyperandrogenism. Metformin. Ovulation ...
CORTISONE AND ADRENALECTOMY IN TREATMENT OF STERILITY IN WOMEN WITN ADRENOGENITAL SYNDROME. Wilhelm, Seymour F.; Marks, Robert ...
Adrenogenital syndrome or adrenocortical hyperplasia. *Cushing syndrome. *Pheochromocytoma. Pancreas:. *Diabetes mellitus. * ...
Ventricular Tachycardia Associated With Hyperkalemia: Occurrence in an Infant Aged 13 Days With Adrenogenital Syndrome. ... This contribution describes a newborn infant with salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome who developed ventricular tachycardia at ... Occurrence in an Infant Aged 13 Days With Adrenogenital Syndrome. Am J Dis Child. 1969;117(6):706-709. doi:10.1001/archpedi. ...
adrenogenital syndrome. *androgen excess. More.... *androgen insensitivity. *calcium metabolism. *carcinoid syndrome. * ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome) Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2019. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (Adrenogenital Syndrome) Global ...
Adrenogenital syndrome (1 cause) *Adrenal gland symptoms (57 causes) *Cushing-like symptoms (28 causes) *Thyroid disease (18 ... 8. Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome. 9. Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome. 10. Achard-Thiers Syndrome. ... 1. Bamforth syndrome. 2. Hyperthyroidism -- Teratogenic Agent. Show causes with descriptions ». , Start Again ». Results: 222 ... 2. 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. 3. 3-Beta-HSD, Deficiency of. 4. 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase deficiency. 5. 3-Beta- ...
Adrenogenital Syndrome * Amenorrhea * Anovulatory Bleeding * Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) * Asthenospermia * ...
Adrenogenital syndrome.. Cretinism.. Metabolic disorders.. Juvenile diabetes.. Abnormal loss or gain in weight in short span of ... Surgical removal of clitoris for Adrenogenital syndrome. Corticosteroid therapy for hydroxylase deficiency.. 5) Metabolic and ... Resistent overian syndrome (Savages syndrome). - Follicles are present but are resistant to gonadotrophins (defect in FSH ... Turners syndrome (45 X).. Various mosaic status 45 X/46 X X.. Pure gonodal digenesis (46 X X or 46 X Y).. Androgen ...
Describe the clinical features of the three most important syndromes caused by adrenocortical hyperfunction. ...
  • This contribution describes a newborn infant with salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome who developed ventricular tachycardia at the time of severe hyperkalemia. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Hormonal disorder resulting from abnormal steroid production by the adrenal glands and associated with loss of salt in the urine (salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome). (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Fludrocortisone is also used to treat a disorder called salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • A mineralocorticoid used to treat adrenocortical insufficiency and salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome. (drugbank.ca)
  • THE Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a heterogeneous group of inherited connective tissue disorders characterized by hyperextensible skin, hypermobile joints, and tissue fragility. (asahq.org)
  • To induce diuresis or remission of proteinuria in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, or that due to lupus erythematosus. (nih.gov)
  • Arterial hypovolaemia and oedema - CHF, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome. (radnotes.co.nz)
  • The consensus paper included under the umbrella of DSD, conditions such as vaginal agenesis and Klinefelter syndrome (even though the external genitals are normal and pose no doubts regarding gender assignment or identity) but does not include undescended testes or hydrocele, conditions that clearly involve reproductive organs. (frontiersin.org)
  • The 8 adult males with infertility showed a positive amplification of X and Y chromosome and a karyogram of 47/XXY ( Klinefelter syndrome ) in 7 cases and 46/XY gonadal dysgenesis in one case. (curehunter.com)
  • Neonatal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) associated with the adrenogenital syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is used to treat conditions such as Addison's disease and adrenogenital syndrome that result in the adrenal gland not producing enough steroid hormones (e.g., cortisol). (canoe.com)
  • In a recent opinion article ( 1 ), we incorrectly stated that to date no cases of gender dysphoria had been reported in 46,XX individuals with adrenogenital syndrome raised as females. (frontiersin.org)
  • Behçet's disease - a kind of clinical form of systemic vasculitis characterized by recurrent erosive and ulcerative lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth and \ or the genitalia, in combination with two or more syndromes - cutaneous, articular, involving the eye, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system. (ucoz.com)
  • Some people with empty sella syndrome cannot tolerate cold temperatures and may also have abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension). (rarediseases.org)
  • In addition, she was known with adrenogenital syndrome, mild mitral valve prolapse with borderline pulmonary hypertension, and mild tricuspid regurgitation. (asahq.org)
  • Treatment of pemphigus and pemphigoid † m , bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), exfoliative dermatitis, uncontrollable eczema † m , cutaneous sarcoidosis † m , mycosis fungoides, lichen planus, severe psoriasis, and severe seborrheic dermatitis. (drugs.com)
  • This latter syndrome is common, occurring in 1% of all women, and is thought to be a major cause of adult-onset virilism. (humpath.com)
  • Adrenal gland tumours that make too much of the sex hormones androgen and estrogen cause adrenogenital syndrome. (cancer.ca)