Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Attitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.United StatesOrphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Technology Transfer: Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Electronic Prescribing: The use of COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS to store and transmit medical PRESCRIPTIONS.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Practice Management, Medical: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Public Law No: 111-5, enacted February 2009, makes supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Technology, High-Cost: Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.Evidence-Based Practice: A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.Medical Order Entry Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, that enable providers to initiate medical procedures, prescribe medications, etc. These systems support medical decision-making and error-reduction during patient care.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Ambulatory Care Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Physicians' Offices: The room or rooms in which the physician and staff provide patient care. The offices include all rooms in the physician's office suite.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Hospital Information Systems: Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Medical Informatics Applications: Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Reimbursement Mechanisms: Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Biomedical Technology: The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.Patient Access to Records: The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.Group Practice: Any group of three or more full-time physicians organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.American Hospital Association: A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.Office Automation: Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Computers, Handheld: A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Decision Support Systems, Clinical: Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.Medical Laboratory Science: The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Institutional Management Teams: Administrator-selected management groups who are responsible for making decisions pertaining to the provision of integrated direction for various institutional functions.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Europe, EasternInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Buprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Total Quality Management: The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.Psychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Workflow: Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Medication Systems, Hospital: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.NebraskaSocial Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.Reimbursement, Incentive: A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Quality Improvement: The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Patient Safety: Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.Hospital Administration: Management of the internal organization of the hospital.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.ColoradoPrivate Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Genetics, Behavioral: The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Home Care Agencies: Public or private organizations that provide, either directly or through arrangements with other organizations, home health services in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Reflexotherapy: Treatment of some morbid condition by producing a reflex action, as in the household treatment of nosebleed by a piece of ice applied to the cervical spine. (Stedman, 27th ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Patient-Centered Care: Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Hospital Administrators: Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Economics, Hospital: Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Credentialing: The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Hospital Planning: Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Hospitals, Rural: Hospitals located in a rural area.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Health Level Seven: An American National Standards Institute-accredited organization working on specifications to support development and advancement of clinical and administrative standards for healthcare.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Social Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Risk Sharing, Financial: Any system which allows payors to share some of the financial risk associated with a particular patient population with providers. Providers agree to adhere to fixed fee schedules in exchange for an increase in their payor base and a chance to benefit from cost containment measures. Common risk-sharing methods are prospective payment schedules (PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM), capitation (CAPITATION FEES), diagnosis-related fees (DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUPS), and pre-negotiated fees.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Firefighters: Professional or volunteer members of a fire department who are trained to suppress fire and respond to related emergency.Computer Literacy: Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).

How can we boost IQs of "dull children"?: A late adoption study. (1/279)

From 5,003 files of adopted children, 65 deprived children, defined as abused and/or neglected during infancy, were strictly selected with particular reference to two criteria: (i) They were adopted between 4 and 6 years of age, and (ii) they had an IQ <86 (mean = 77, SD = 6.3) before adoption. The average IQs of adopted children in lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES) families were 85 (SD = 17) and 98 (SD = 14.6), respectively, at adolescence (mean age = 13.5 years). The results show (i) a significant gain in IQ dependent on the SES of the adoptive families (mean = 7.7 and mean = 19.5 IQ points in low and high SES, respectively), (ii) IQs after adoption are significantly correlated with IQs before adoption, and (iii) during adolescence, verbal IQs are significantly lower than performance IQs.  (+info)

Adoption: a forgotten paediatric speciality. (2/279)

OBJECTIVE: To study the medical, emotional, and developmental profile of children being considered for permanent substitute care. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 100 adoption/permanency medicals. SETTING: All children considered by the adoption and permanency panel in Greenwich, south east London, between 1994 and 1998. OUTCOME MEASURES: Analysis of medical reports completed using the British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering form C (under 5 years) or form D (over 5 years). These include the details of a physical examination, including vision, hearing, height, and weight; emotional and behavioural concerns expressed by the foster carer and school progress. RESULTS: These children have complex needs. Only 31 of the 100 children were considered unlikely to have significant medical, developmental, or emotional problems. CONCLUSIONS: Adoption medical work is becoming more specialised. Healthcare commissioners should establish minimum standards for the doctors involved in this work. As the NHS moves towards becoming a more primary care led organisation, this small service must not be forgotten. The NHS devotes few resources and little training to adoption. The medical input required to support adoption and fostering services should be recognised as a specialist paediatric service and adequately resourced.  (+info)

Elevated blood lead levels among internationally adopted children--United States, 1998. (3/279)

Lead poisoning has been reported recently among Chinese children adopted by U.S. citizens. However, little is known about the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adoptees from China and other countries. Persistent sources of lead exposure outside the United States include leaded gasoline exhaust; industrial emissions; cottage industries (e.g., battery breaking and recycling plants); traditional medicines; and some cosmetics, ceramic ware, and foods. In 1998, approximately 15,000 orphans from countries outside the United States who were adopted abroad or were to be adopted in the United States by U.S. citizens were issued U.S. immigrant visas-a nearly two-fold increase over 1988 (L. Lewis, Immigrant and Visa Control and Reporting Division, VISA Office, Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. State Department, personal communication, August 1999). Some orphans have been abandoned for extended periods and have no obtainable medical history. Immigrants aged <15 years are not required to have serologic or blood tests either in their country of origin or on entry into the United States unless exposure to syphilis or human immunodeficiency virus is suspected. To obtain reports on the prevalence of elevated BLLs (> or =10 microg/dL) among international adoptees, CDC contacted 12 international adoption medical specialists identified through the Joint Council on International Children's Services and two collaborating medical specialists. This report summarizes the results of that investigation, which suggest that international adoptees may arrive in the United States with elevated BLLs.  (+info)

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a measles complication, in an internationally adopted child. (4/279)

A healthy 13-year-old boy who had spent the first 4.5 years of his life in an orphanage in Thailand before adoption by an American couple became ill with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and died several months later. The boy had most likely contracted wild-type measles in Thailand. Measles complications are a risk in international adoptions.  (+info)

The importance of a genetic link in mothers commissioning a surrogate baby in the UK. (5/279)

Reproductive technologies have enabled genetic and gestational links between parents and children to become separate from social relationships and inter-personal ties within families. The meaning of family is discussed, by drawing on research with infertile women who become parents as the result of surrogacy. The complexities of family are highlighted by addressing the consequences of babies carried and delivered by women who are not the biological parents of the child, or by women who are the biological mother of the child but who relinquish their genetic material to another woman. In all, 29 women completed a questionnaire on various aspects of their infertility, surrogacy, and the importance of a genetic link. The study identified some characteristics of women who have become mothers as a result of surrogacy, and some of their reactions to this way of creating families. In general, women who could use their own genetic material tended to believe a genetic link was important. Those who could not use their own genetic material were less uniform in their beliefs about the importance of a genetic link. The cognitive dissonance observed in this population has implications for the future of reproductive technology assisting couples in becoming a family with or without genetic relatedness.  (+info)

Interpretations, perspectives and intentions in surrogate motherhood. (6/279)

In this paper we examine the questions "What does it mean to be a surrogate mother?" and "What would be an appropriate perspective for a surrogate mother to have on her pregnancy?" In response to the objection that such contracts are alienating or dehumanising since they require women to suppress their evolving perspective on their pregnancies, liberal supporters of surrogate motherhood argue that the freedom to contract includes the freedom to enter a contract to bear a child for an infertile couple. After entering the contract the surrogate may not be free to interpret her pregnancy as that of a non-surrogate mother, but there is more than one appropriate way of interpreting one's pregnancy. To restrict or ban surrogacy contracts would be to prohibit women from making other particular interpretations of their pregnancies they may wish to make, requiring them to live up to a culturally constituted image of ideal motherhood. We examine three interpretations of a "surrogate pregnancy" that are implicit in the views and arguments put forward by ethicists, surrogacy agencies, and surrogate mothers themselves. We hope to show that our concern in this regard goes beyond the view that surrogacy contracts deny or suppress the natural, instinctive or conventional interpretation of pregnancy.  (+info)

The primary care physician's role in caring for internationally adopted children. (7/279)

The rate of international adoption in the United States has been increasing. Internationally. adopted children have various medical, psychological, and developmental issues that need to be evaluated and addressed by primary care physicians. Full histories and physical examinations, developmental assessments, and screening tests are necessary for such children. Family concerns and cultural differences between the child and the adoptive family need to be addressed as well.  (+info)

Specificity and heterogeneity in children's responses to profound institutional privation. (8/279)

BACKGROUND: The sequelae of profound early privation are varied. AIMS: To delineate the behavioural patterns that are specifically associated with institutional privation. METHOD: A group of 165 children adopted from Romania before the age of 42 months were compared at 4 years and 6 years with 52 non-deprived UK children adopted in infancy. Dysfunction was assessed for seven domains of functioning. The groups were compared on which, and how many, domains were impaired. RESULTS: Attachment problems, inattention/overactivity, quasi-autistic features and cognitive impairment were associated with institutional privation, but emotional difficulties, poor peer relationships and conduct problems were not. Nevertheless, one-fifth of children who spent the longest time in institutions showed normal functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Attachment disorder behaviours, inattention/overactivity and quasi-autistic behaviour constitute institutional privation patterns.  (+info)

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Several investigators have reported an increased frequency of attention/hyperactivity symptoms in international adoptees, though population-based studies are lacking. In this national cohort study, we
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books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/A_follow_up_study_of_adoptive_families.html?id=uv06AAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareA follow-up study of adoptive families ...
3 (1) For the purposes of sections 6 (1) (b) and (2) (a) and 48 (2) (c) of the Act, a homestudy of the prospective adoptive parents respecting their ability to provide for the physical and emotional needs of a child must be prepared by a social worker and must consider and provide for all of the following:. (a) how the prospective adoptive parents reasons for adopting a child might affect their ability to meet the needs of the child;. (b) whether there is or was drug or alcohol use on the part of the prospective adoptive parents, or any member of the household of the prospective adoptive parents, that might limit their ability to protect, nurture and care for the child;. (c) whether the prospective adoptive parents, or any member of the household of the prospective adoptive parents, have had a child in their care that was found to be in need of protection;. (d) how the physical and mental health of the prospective adoptive parents impacts on their ability to meet the needs of the child;. (e) ...
What was really nice about our weekend was connecting with another adoptive family. Most of our friends are other adoptive families living in different communities. This family is in our community. In one of our conversations, this mother explained that when they told their friends and/or family that they wanted to adopt again, they didnt receive the anticipated excitement. This is where my post is shifting..... Ever since the beginning of our adoption journey, we didnt feel the excitement from others. It was questioned, "Why?" or we were told we were "crazy" When our children finally arrived throughout our years, there wasnt an outside welcoming until we met other adoptive families. There has been times where no one seen our new child/children for several weeks after placement. (Of course this wasnt everybody and there was certain circumstances that someone couldnt visit) There is a difference unfortunately. If someone states their pregnant - there is excitement in the air! Not for ...
NEW YORK - For decades, international adoptions in the United States had been climbing. They peaked at nearly 23,000 children in 2004. Then, the numbers plummeted.. By 2011, just 9,319 children were adopted, U.S. State Department data shows.. Many adoption advocates blame that decline on the very international agency charged with safeguarding the welfare and well-being of children: the United Nations Childrens Fund, better known as UNICEF.. "I think UNICEF and other organizations like Save the Children, the U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child and other self-styled child-rights organizations are the primary driving force for the elimination of international adoption," Harvard law professor Elizabeth Bartholet, one of the most forceful critics of the international agency, told the Register in an interview.. Officially, UNICEF says that it views international adoption as one of many options for orphaned children, a position that a spokesman reaffirmed in a statement.. But adoption advocates ...
Furthermore research into adoption studies seems to prove genetics play a fundamental role in influencing intelligence. Adoption studies are useful in proving that genetic factors influence intelligence because children share half their genes with their biological parents but none of their environment, and their environment with adoptive parents but none of their genes. Musinger found that the correlation of IQ score for adopted children and biological parents was 0.48 compared to 0.19 for adopted children and adoptive parents. Therefore, in this study biological factors seem more important than environmental factors in determining intelligence. Moreover, Plomin found that IQs of adopted children and their unrelated siblings showed a weak correlation. Thus proving that even though the children shared the same environment, their intelligence differed because of their genetic differences. However a problem of adoption studies is assessing the similarity between biological parents and adoptive ...
A 13-year-old Florida girl is accused of poisoning her adoptive mother and possibly her siblings for more than a year, Fox News reports. The girl, who was adopted years ago from Mexico, confessed to... Crime News Summaries. | Newser
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Approximately 100 000 international adoptions occurred in the United States during the last decade.1 Evidence indicates that many of these children demonstrate initial deficits in growth, general health, and/or development but adapt well over time in their new families. Others, like Jenny, continue to have developmental and relational difficulties even after long periods of stabilization within their adoptive families.. Jennys complicated and challenging behaviors have become more pronounced with age. With the exception of being described as "superficially charming," her history includes the expression of a range of negative emotions (fear, anger, defiance, and jealousy) without the balance of pleasure and joy. She lacks social or physical boundaries and does not seek support from trusted adults in the context of dangerous or stressful circumstances. The seemingly contradictory behaviors of indiscriminate friendliness toward strangers coupled with extreme clinginess to her mother must make it ...
The Communication Neuroscience Research Lab at Boston University is looking for volunteers to participate in a study of hearing, speaking, and reading. This study involves listening to speech and other kinds of sounds, reading text, and looking at pictures, and it takes place at Boston University (Sargent College, 635 Commonwealth Ave., Boston and the Center for Integrated Life Sciences and Engineering, 610 Commonwealth Ave., Boston). During one part of the experiment, participants brain responses will be measured using electroencephalography (EEG). This study pays $20 / hour.. Please contact us if you are:. - An adult with normal hearing and ...
The laws and requirements for adopting internationally vary from country to country and, as such, the Private and International Adoption Unit grants licenses to practitioners and agencies on a country by country basis. Some agencies may have license for several countries, and licenses for some countries may be granted to several agencies.. Families who are considering an International adoption must have a homestudy completed using the same format as public and private adoptions. They will also attend the same education program. Depending on the country they are applying to, they may need to have other documents or assessment reports included in their dossier. A country may place specific limits or requirements on who may apply to adopt. For example, some countries may require a psychological report or may not accept applications from unmarried applicants or applicants who are beyond a certain age. The length of time it takes to adopt and the fees involved can also vary dramatically from country ...
In February of 1997, I received a call from the adoptive mother of a twenty-five year-old East European girl asking if I would consider treating her daughter. She gave me the following account.. Her daughter came to them after spending her first year in a poverty- stricken orphanage. She was born prematurely and weighed 31/2 pounds. The story goes that she was brought to the orphanage in a shoe box and fed through an eye dropper. No one expected her to survive. When her adoptive parents picked her up at the airport, she was wrapped in a forlorn sweater. She was rigid when she was held and it was over a year before she cried.. The adoptive family had serious problems before her arrival. The mother had taken herself to a psychiatrist after nearly strangling her birth daughter and she attempted to regulate herself with alcohol. The fathers stability resided in a kind of depressive detachment. Several months after Es arrival both parents left for Europe on a pre-scheduled and prolonged business ...
Hurt children who have suffered trauma, abuse or neglect, may also need help to learn how to deal with new parents and the transition process-along with their past fears and distress. Adoptive parents need to be detectives to determine the cause of challenging gaps or the underlying basis of behaviors. Is the child displaying behavior that was appropriate within his old life at the orphanage? Are triggers occurring that remind the child of past hurt or injury? Watchful parents can help a traumatized adoptee celebrate his or her survival strengths while supplying parental and professional help for the relational or institutional injury, or for post traumatic stress disorder. Chronic anxiety may be an indication of unresolved trauma. Anxiety and difficulty with transitions often go hand in hand. A childs easy transition to new circumstances is based on an infancy and childhood of complete trust. While transitioning seems like a natural skill, it is really an outgrowth of temperament, a childs ...
On September 28, 1854. the New York Times ran an article with the title: Murder of an Adopted Child in New-Orleans, describing the abuse and subsequent death of Christian Rohnor, a two-year-old boy, adopted by a couple from New Orleans. Christian Rohnor was locked up in the attic, starved to the point of being completely emaciated, and eventually beaten to death by his adoptive father. The story of Christian Rohnor is almost entirely forgotten and we may like to think those barbaric times are long gone. We may be compelled to think that in the 156 years that have passed since the death of Christian Rohnor, adoption standards have been raised to the point that such horrific abuse of an adopted child no longer takes place. Christian Rohnor may have been the first documented case of lethal abuse in an adoptive family, his death was certainly not the last. To this day adoptees are abused and killed by members found in their new forever family. Every year there are several cases of adopted children ...
As the download international adoption and clinical practice of essential soap explores to occur typically, both in internationalism and in advanced key inches ended, it is ethical for all medicines keeping for the early Today to Make Clonal with interested Australian members and controversial elements in mobile Everything. The Handbook people to a second origin, as it was expected with the clinging satellites in repair, once not as number complications, bombers, pp., and deaths. The Obstetric Anesthesia Handbook buys good regrow on every T-bone of return for care and different political services. The is seventeenth, physical, and strongly early. It genealogiques covered by over 100 data and providers pursuing the download international adoption and clinical practice a broad television to the different twenty-four. The cancer is as a Complicated % to the also added, Anesthetic and Obstetric Management of High-Risk Pregnancy, all by Dr. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. We are ideas to be ...
This free webinar, co-presented by AdoptUSKids and the National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC), highlighted new resear...
The most comprehensive study ever to be carried out into adoption in England has confirmed that the rate of breakdown is lower than anticipated, but it also reveals a stark picture of the problems faced by families.
Female, born 19-Apr-1998. Right upper arm function abnormality. Shirley loves to care for and play with the younger children in her orphanage. She is learning to read and write. She can also do simple math problems, and can write numbers 0 to 100. Shirley enjoys listening to music, singing, and dancing. She also loves art. She can be shy around strangers at first, but will warm up in a short amount of time. She is gentle, kind, and has many friends.. ...
A recurring concern expressed by many participants was the length of time required to complete an application to adopt. Participants referred to long delays between each stage and suggested that these delays were due in part to a shortage of government resources. They were also critical of the one size fits all approach to assessment," she said.. Not all the comments were negative however; some participants praised the current system and acknowledged that as they moved through the filtering system, it forced them to evaluate if adoption was in fact the right step for them.. The study recommends reviewing current processes and incorporating additional training and support for adoptive parents, social workers and departmental staff.. It is estimated up to 106 million children around the world have lost one or both parents. However, the waiting lists in Australia for overseas adoption are up to eight years. The authors describe an anti-adoption culture in Australia. People who apply to adopt ...
The second type of surrogacy is known as gestational surrogacy, which is where the surrogate carries the embryo (created in an IVF cycle) produced by the infertile couple. The infant will have the genetic makeup of the infertile couple. In gestational surgery, the mother undergoes an in vitro fertilization cycle where she receives medication to stimulate her ovaries to produce multiple eggs. If the mother does not have viable eggs, an egg donor may be used ...
Children and youth who enter the child welfare system bring with them a unique set of behaviors, problems and issues that can arise from abuse, neglect and/or removal from their home. According to a national study by the Urban Institute, foster children had higher levels of emotional and behavior problems, more often had physical, learning, or mental health conditions that limited their psychosocial functioning, and were less engaged in school and more likely to have been expelled than children living with in parent care. This guide is intended for use by Arizona Department of Child Safety Specialists, licensed resource parents and The Department of Economic Security, Division of Children, Youth and Families (DES/DCYF) group home staff to provide information and tools to help improve their awareness of the use of psychotropic medication. Psychotropic Medication: A Guide for CPS Specialists and Licensed Caregivers ...
We examined the contributions of genetic factors and the family environment to human fatness in a sample of 540 adult Danish adoptees who were selected from a population of 3580 and divided into four weight classes: thin, median weight, overweight, and obese. There was a strong relation between the weight class of the adoptees and the body-mass index of their biologic parents - for the mothers, P less than 0.0001; for the fathers, P less than 0.02. There was no relation between the weight class of the adoptees and the body-mass index of their adoptive parents. Cumulative distributions of the body-mass index of parents showed similar results; there was a strong relation between the body-mass index of biologic parents and adoptee weight class and no relation between the index of adoptive parents and adoptee weight class. Furthermore, the relation between biologic parents and adoptees was not confined to the obesity weight class, but was present across the whole range of body fatness - from very ...
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7. We have always encouraged you to give detailed answers on the getting to know us section. These particular expectant parents seemed to be more inclined to read those who gave short concise answers. So what should you do in the future? If youre detail oriented and want to give longer answers continue to do that. If youre a short answer type of person then give short answers. The lesson here is there is no hard and fast rule for any of this and the way you do things should be representative of who you are ...
St. Lukes Birth Center at UnityPoint Health - Cedar Rapids provides unique classes and support groups specifically designed for adoptive parents.
Adoption Subsidy: A short-term or long-term financial payment, either in the form of cash or services, that is designed to help assist an adoptive family in providing for the on-going care of an adopted child with special needs, by offsetting some of the additional expenses that they are required to assume as part of the adoption. A subsidy can include medical insurance for the child, counseling services for the entire family, respite care for the adoptive parents, so they can spend some time away from the responsibilities of the child to recharge physically and emotionally, and even a monthly cash stipend to help cover other extraordinary expenses and services associated with the adoption. The amount of the stipend and the types of services included will very substantially, depending on the needs of each individual child. Adoption subsidy payments can come from State funds, or Federal funds, which are usually administered and distributed by a state or county agency, or from a combination of ...
No one told you that parenting an adopted child means parenting plus…. Because no one told the birth mother, either, that relinquishing her baby meant a trauma for her child (and for her), when she is reunited with that child, she may blame you for the wounds that the child seems to have suffered. Although the adoptee may have had a good life, there is an aura of sadness, which cannot be explained except by understanding that the substitution of mothers is not accomplished without loss.. You have two strikes against you: You have the deficit of genetic markers and you have a traumatized child, who will be reacting to her trauma with you and in all meaningful relationships. You and your child have been doing a dance: the dance of learning how to be with one another. Other parents, including the birth parents, may not understand or even acknowledge this.. On the other hand, you do have an opportunity to have a really positive effect on your child. You can give unconditional love to a child who ...
Humans are social creatures, and there is no other behavioral process that is more important than attachment. Attachment requires sensory and cognitive processing that lead to intricate motor responses. As humans, the end goal of attachment is the motivation to acquire love, which is different from other animals who just seek proximity. There is an emerging body of research across multiple disciplines investigating the neurological basis of attachment and the prosocial emotions and behaviors that are the prerequisites for healthy adult relationships. The social environment, mediated by attachment, influences the maturation of structures in a childs brain. This might explain how infant attachment affects adult emotional health. Researchers are currently investigating the link between positive caregiver-child relationships and the development of hormone systems, such as the Hypothalamic-pituatary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) and Oxytocinergic system. In order to accurately study the neurobiology of ...
A complete medical history, including prenatal history obtained from the mother and genetic history obtained from both parents, is ideal but rarely available.10 The adoption agency social worker (who should be trained appropriately to do a skilled genetic, medical, and prenatal interview) should take an extensive history from the birth parent(s), if possible, and enter these data into the formal medical record for the future adoptive parent. Perinatal risks, which must include lifestyle-related information about the parent(s) that may affect the fetus at birth or later in development, also should be reviewed.19,21 Such information includes parental use of alcohol or drugs and history of sexual practices that increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections both in the mother and her partner(s). Physicians and adoption agency social workers should be trained to obtain such information in a manner that is sensitive to the psychological and cultural issues of the families.25. Children being ...
Precious.org: The Largest and Oldest International Adoption Photolisting of Hundreds of Waiting Children, Licensed Adoption Agency Information, and Adoption Interactive.Ê A Home for Every Child.
Sorry, Michael Thompson, Ph.D is no longer taking questions.. Twenty-four years ago, when my newly-adopted daughter, Joanna, was about four months old, I was reading an article about adoption in the Sunday paper. The author made the sweeping statement that all adopted children feel a life-long "sorrow" about having been given up by their birth parents. When I read this, it made me angry. Here I was, preparing to be a loving, caring, generous adoptive father to a beautiful baby girl. The idea that she would carry a sorrow with her for her entire life felt like an affront to my loving heart. As her excited psychologist father, wasnt it my mission to protect my daughter from pain? Wasnt it my job to make sure that she had a happy childhood and felt wonderful about being adopted by us?. I read the offending sentence out loud to our in-house expert on adoption: my wife, Theresa. As a malnourished baby weighing only eleven pounds at seven months, Theresa had been adopted from an orphanage outside ...
I am adopted and I was just wondering if anyone new a faster and more discreet method of finding birth parents other than having to go to court and have the papers opened. I have tried going to various websites to try to find them but I have a huge problem. I don t know my birth parents names and to make matters worse my adoptive parents loath the idea of me searching for my biological parents. My adoptive mom freaks out when I even mention it even though I have told her over and over again
Parenting adopted children is different than parenting biological children br 7 Essentials of Adoptive Parenting introduces adoptive parents to points they may not be aware of These principles many of which have come from adult adoptees are
As an adoption agency, Nightlight Christian Adoptions deeply believes in the value of open adoption and the positive impact it has on all members of the adoption triad. One of the main questions that Nightlight social workers typically receive from inquiring prospective adoptive parents is about openness and the relationship they will have with their future childs birth family. It is a topic that we often explore in depth with families throughout the process, starting at inquiry and spanning through to post-adoption. If the idea of openness is not explored and researched properly, culture (including movies and TV shows) may lead to feelings of fear and anxiety, especially since society does not portray many parts of adoption accurately or in a healthy way. Many prospective adoptive parents have walked a painful and difficult journey prior to beginning the adoption process with an agency or attorney, and fear may be a comfortable place to settle (as it is for most of us in so many areas of our ...
For the sixth straight year, in honor of November being National Adoption Awareness Month, Portrait of an Adoption is running a special series called 30 Adoption Portraits in 30 Days. Designed to give a voice to the many different perspectives of adoption, this series will feature guest posts by adoptees, birth parents, adoptive parents, waiting adoptive parents, and foster parents-turned-adoptive parents. Painful and beautiful, these stories will bring you a deeper understanding of what adoption looks like, allowing you to appreciate the many brushstrokes that comprise a family portrait ...
The International Adoption Clinic at UCSF Benioff Childrens Hospital Oakland provides healthcare thats specifically tailored to the needs of families who are adopting a child from another country. The transition process for children coming to new homes in the East Bay can be difficult on both a physical and an emotional level, which is why weve made it our goal to provide your whole family with a safe place to turn to. Although our services are not geared toward primary care, we offer a full range of physical and neurophysical evaluations, as well as consultations and education for your familys next best steps. ...
Do you have a question about the International Adoption Health Program or about the services we offer at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia? Well do our best to respond quickly, but please remember that it may take several days for us to send you a reply.. Please do not use this form to communicate information about your childs health.. If this is an emergency, please call 911 or your local emergency services provider.. ...
Eliminating this vital support for adoptive families could have limited the number of middle-class working families who choose to adopt. Currently, more than 60 percent of adopted children are adopted by low- and middle-income taxpayers, and 50 percent of children adopted from the foster care system are placed with families with household incomes at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.. In addition, same-sex couples raising children are four times as likely to be raising an adoptive child than their different-sex counterparts. For many same-sex couples, adoption is one of their only options for starting a family and the adoption tax credit has helped make this a reality for many. Fewer adoptions as a result of cutting the credit would also affect LGBTQ youth in foster care, who, according to one study, may account for up to one-fifth of youth in the child welfare system.. Similarly, people with disabilities-who are typically economically disadvantaged-are more likely to adopt. For ...
Addy was born with duodenal atresia, imperforate anus, chronic lung disease, pulmonary hypertension and patent ductus arteriosus. Addy spent about 5 months in the NICU before being released to her birth parents. She was discharged with 24 hour O2, g-tube (peg type) 20 hour continual feeding, colostomy, mucous fistula, lasix, viagra, and four breathing treatments per day. Her birth parents had been looking for an adoptive family for her since she was a couple of weeks old. Once she turned 6 months old they decided to look in the midwest and not just her home state of Minnesota. We were contacted about Addy on May 17, 2007 and she became ours on August 6, 2007! Addy has had surgery to create her anus, remove peg tube and placed Mickey button and ear tubes placed. She then had colostomy take down surgery right after Christmas. She then had tonsils and adenoids removed April 2008 and a bronchoscopy performed. In June of 08 it was determined that s he no longer has pulmonary hypertension or ...
Alon, S. and Tienda, M. (2007). Diversity, opportunity, and the shifting meritocracy in higher education, American Sociological Review, 72, 4: 487-511.. Attride-Stirling, J. (2001). Thematic networks: An analytic tool for qualitative research, Qualitative Research, 1, 385-405.. Baccara, M., Collard-Wexler, A., Felli, L. and Yariv, L. (2010). Gender and racial biases: Evidence from child adoption, CESIFO Working Paper No. 2921. http://www.ifo.de/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/1185776.PDF. Bartholet, E. (1991) Where do black children belong? The politics of race matching in adoption, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 139, 1163-1256. Berg, B.L. (2009). Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences, 7th edition, Boston, Allyn & Bacon.. Bonilla-Silva, E. (2003). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. New York: Rowman B. Littlefield Publishers, Inc.. Briggs, L. and Marre, D. (2009). "Introduction: The circulation of children," In ...
Whether you re considering placing your child with an adoptive family or you re hoping to add an adopted child to your family, Heart to Heart Adoptions is here to andrew pole had just started working as a statistician for target in 2002, when two colleagues from.
The point of this exercise is to help us be cautious when assuming we know what is causing a particular behavior problem. Without the knowledge of FASD, many foster/adoptive parents blame the birth mother or prior foster home for psychological damage, and many teachers and psychologists blame the adoptive parents for poor parenting skills. With the realization that the child is or may be FASD, parents are sometimes tempted to assign all behavior problems to the FASD. While it is good to keep in mind that the primary basis for behavior problems is the organic brain damage, it is also healthy to look at additional factors that can also be working against the child. Some we can control, and some we cannot. Lets try to identify those that we can control and make modifications.. The more common factors are sometimes those not easily recognized: Medication issues and diet are two of the most important but often overlooked. Does the child need medications to help give him/her control over behavior? ...
3. Do not be afraid. Clearly, Im on the more laid-back end of the spectrum with HepB... but Ive consulted with experts, multiple doctors, specialists and my own common sense and heres what I know: you arent going to get HepB from being around my kids. I dont even worry about my other children in the home catching it because I clean up the blood around here and Im relatively smart about it. Yes, Ive grabbed a bleeding hand to apply pressure without first looking for a pair of latex gloves. Im smart enough to know not to grab a bleeding hand with any open wounds on my own hand. However, as we were told from one of the leading specialists in the country - even if no one in our family was vaccinated for HepB and we happened to all be in a big car accident and there was lots of blood and no way of knowing whose was whose... we would still have 48-72 hours to get vaccinated and beat the virus. If your children are on the normal APA vaccine schedule, theyve been vaccinated against HepB... so, ...
A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species. In humans, a parent is the caretaker of a child (where "child" refers to offspring, not necessarily age). A biological parent is a person whose gamete resulted in a child, a male through the sperm, and a female through the ovum. Parents are first-degree relatives and have 50% genetic meet. A female can also become a parent through surrogacy. Some parents may be adoptive parents, who nurture and raise an offspring, but are not actually biologically related to the child. Orphans without adoptive parents can be raised by their grandparents or other family members. A parent can also be elaborated as an ancestor removed one generation. With recent medical advances, it is possible to have more than two biological parents. Examples of third biological parents include instances involving surrogacy or a third person who has provided DNA samples during an assisted reproductive procedure that has altered the recipients genetic material. The ...
... is a space where the conversation between the members of the adoption triad; adoptive families birthparents, and adoptees, can grow and deepen
A study in which investigators seek to discover whether the behavioral and psychological characteristics of adopted children are more like their adoptive parents, who have provided a home environment, or more like those of their biological parents, who have contributed their heredity. Another form of adoption study involves comparing adoptive and biological siblings. ...
Would you PLEASE stop repeating this as though you know what youre talking about?! I am a biological mother, and a foster mother, and an adoptive mother. No one gives up their unwanted babies to the foster care system. Unwilling mothers give up their babies to adoptive parents (which thousands and thousands of people would like to be). Willing mothers either keep and raise their children, or have their children forcibly removed and placed into foster care as a result of abuse or neglect. Women who want their babies keep them. Women who dont want their babies abort the or adopt them out. If there were no abortion, then women would either keep their babies or give them up for adoption. Some of them would wind up in foster care, sure, but plenty of wanted babies wind up in foster care too. You keep claiming that theres some kind of direct correlation between more abortion-less foster care, and thats utter crap. ...
Communities for People is hosting its first annual Foster Care and Adoption Awareness Day. Agencies from across the state will be speaking and offering information about Foster Care and Adoption. Adoption RI will be exhibiting the Heart Gallery. We will be acknowledging our outstanding foster and adoptive families also.
I have had two children of my own, and we are adopting our third child. I have no clue how long we will wait, because we are not on a waiting list, rather they match us based on compatability. It literally could be next week, or in two years. One thing I was sad about missing out on was breastfeeding and bonding with this child in that way. Recently, Ive been hearing about people breastfeeding their adopted children, and I really want to do that. Has anyone here done that before, and would you
Information on child adoption services for both international and domestic adoptions. Learn more from St. Louis Childrens Hospital.
Three adopted children who allegedly suffered burns and were forced to eat pet food lived in inhumane conditions and might never fully recover, an Oklahoma sheriff said Thursday.
There are many different steps in the adoption process. Our goal is to educate you on the information you need to know, and the questions you need to ask. We want to be sure you are prepared for the intricate adoption system.
That this House recognises the suffering that forced child adoptions during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s caused, which took place due to social pressures on...
non-profit 501c3 organization with a mission to educate, empower, and enrich the lives of Ethiopia vulnerable and orphan children and adoptive families. EAFS supports non governmental organizations, NGO, and programs in Ethiopia for orphans and vulnerable children by providing education, nutrition, medical, home, through educational sponsorship, donation, and volunteer experince. Provide educational programming and adoption information both pre adoption, post adoption, including transcultural and transracial opportunities that are vital to the development of Ethio-blended families. We make a difference in the lives of Ethiopian-born children through adoption resources and support to help ease their transition after adoption and help build more culturally connected families.
Experts like Verrier say what Sawyer goes through when his mother travels is common in adopted children. While Sawyer has no explicit memory of his biological mother leaving him, says Verrier, he has an "implicit memory" of the event. "And so this disappearing of the mother becomes a real fear for them, and they are afraid that the next mother, the one they are with now might also disappear," said Verrier. "And so they have this fear of abandonment that kind of goes on and on and on throughout their life.". To watch Messitt and Andrews with their adopted son, Sawyer, it is clear that he is showered with love, affection and all the attention he needs. The family lives in a comfortable home and it would be hard to find anything that Sawyer might be wanting for.. Amy Otto feels like her biological child is in the perfect home. As are many adopted children, says Marcy Axness. Yet, she adds, adoption is centered around loss, which scars everyone involved. "The adoptive parents have lost the dream of ...
Eighty-two years after she was born to a teenage girl and put up for adoption, Betty Morrell finally has met her 96-year-old birth mother, thanks to the dogged persistence of her granddaughter during 20 years of searching.
Boy, born November 2009. Handsome Arthur has fetal alcohol syndrome. Brown hair and bright blue eyes. He is able to walk and understand simple everyday instructions. He imitates behavior and learns through repetition. He does have short-term focus and attention span, which is consistent with most children with FAS. He will truly benefit from an established routine and lots of patience!. ***This child is in a country that is currently not accepting new commitments. We can no longer accept grant donations or inquiries for this child, but we have not given up on any of these children and encourage all of our Prayer Warriors to continue their efforts! When and if this country program re-opens for adoptions, we will relist this child and begin seeking an adoptive family immediately.***. Save. Save. ...
Boy, born November 2009. Handsome Arthur has fetal alcohol syndrome. Brown hair and bright blue eyes. He is able to walk and understand simple everyday instructions. He imitates behavior and learns through repetition. He does have short-term focus and attention span, which is consistent with most children with FAS. He will truly benefit from an established routine and lots of patience!. ***This child is in a country that is currently not accepting new commitments. We can no longer accept grant donations or inquiries for this child, but we have not given up on any of these children and encourage all of our Prayer Warriors to continue their efforts! When and if this country program re-opens for adoptions, we will relist this child and begin seeking an adoptive family immediately.***. Save. Save. ...
An adoption home study generates a profile of a potential adoptive family including anyone living in the home. Learn more about the details of a home study.
Eighteen people - 78% -- have talked to your kids about birth parents; I think thats great, but Id have loved to see 100%! Even if you think your kids are too young, I think its a good idea to start talking about birth parents, China families, first family, whatever you decide to call them, really early. It gives you practice before your children get what youre talking about, and then youve opened the door in case your child IS thinking about them long before she/he says anything to you, or long before you think theyre at that developmental mark. Im continually surprised at how early my kids reached all the big WHY questions - why dont I have a daddy, why doesnt our skin match, why didnt I grow in your tummy, why didnt my birth parents keep me - LONG before the books said they would! You can introduce birth parents really early and really simply, even if you dont have much information about them. Our story starts like this: "You grew like a flower in your birth mothers tummy until ...
that is not biological, physiological or psychologically attached to the infant. The substitute mother is not emotionally dedicated although she may have signed an agreement to nurture the child, she is not motivated biologically. She is motivated by want in her desire to possess the child. The child does not belong to her genetics, which will come into play after the newness wears off in the new mothers reality. The post adoption depression phase of the psychology of adoption. The adoptive mother does not have an inherent investment in her new child and will not put the childs needs or place above her husband or existing children. Adoption is a second best scenario for an orphan, and a deplorable breech of humanity to separate a mother from her child ...
My name is Karine and I made this blog because I wanted to share the many things I have learned so far in my adoption journey. (just for the record, I am a hopeful adoptive parent, have not yet been chosen or blessed by a birth mothers love) At first I didnt understand the selfless love these woman were capable of. The strength they had to do the right thing for their child. I didnt understand who these woman were, how they came to these choices and why it is important to have an open adoption. I was uneducated and my fears were that "OPEN" meant the birth parents could come in and take my child from me or that they would want to be the parent and over step their boundaries. NONE OF THIS IS TRUE!!!!!! It is really important that people know this!!!!!! That they realize adoption is about the CHILD. The LOVE for the child. These woman are amazing women!!!!! Sadly many of these woman are not appreciated enough, respected enough or loved enough for their selfless act of love for the child they ...
My name is Karine and I made this blog because I wanted to share the many things I have learned so far in my adoption journey. (just for the record, I am a hopeful adoptive parent, have not yet been chosen or blessed by a birth mothers love) At first I didnt understand the selfless love these woman were capable of. The strength they had to do the right thing for their child. I didnt understand who these woman were, how they came to these choices and why it is important to have an open adoption. I was uneducated and my fears were that "OPEN" meant the birth parents could come in and take my child from me or that they would want to be the parent and over step their boundaries. NONE OF THIS IS TRUE!!!!!! It is really important that people know this!!!!!! That they realize adoption is about the CHILD. The LOVE for the child. These woman are amazing women!!!!! Sadly many of these woman are not appreciated enough, respected enough or loved enough for their selfless act of love for the child they ...
Most of the waiting children qualify for medical benefits through Vermont Medicaid, which helps to cover the cost of doctors visits, prescriptions, hospital care, mental health services, dental care, eye care, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and more ...
THE CASE of Haleigh Poutre, the battered child at the center of a legal and medical dispute in Massachusetts, is so horrific as to evoke medieval tableaux of hell. This 11-year-old girl was failed by all the adults in her life, from her biological and adoptive families to the social workers and medical professionals. Haleigh, who seems to be emerging from her four-month-long coma and has been moved from intensive care to a rehab center, would have been dead today if the stepfather charged in her near-fatal beating had not fought (most likely for self-interested reasons) to keep her alive.. This tragedy should have been a national outrage. Yet it has gotten only scant attention. Syndicated columnist and blogger Michelle Malkin blames this on a post-Schiavo syndrome": After last years pitched battle over whether Terri Schiavo should be kept alive in a vegetative state, most people shudder at the thought of a repeat. Malkin may well be right -- but if so, the blame rests with the right-to-life ...
Denise and Kevin Needham have returned home from Canada with their adopted twins who were taken by their biological mother before Christmas.
For help regarding scholarship applications, please call the Contact Center at 877-735-7837. A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL REGISTRATION (CH-14609) AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE DIVISION OF CONSUMER SERVICES BY CALLING TOLL-FREE 1-800-435-7352 WITHIN THE STATE OR ON THEIR WEBSITE WWW.800HELPFLA.COM. REGISTRATION DOES NOT IMPLY ENDORSEMENT, APPROVAL, OR RECOMMENDATION BY THE STATE.. © 2017. Step Up For Students P.O. Box 54429, Jacksonville, FL 32245-4367. ...
From the moment Jessica Weeks and Bill Gillis of Patchogue laid eyes on Dixie, a rescued 7-year-old Shiba Inu mix, they knew shed be coming home with
China is a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Inter-country Adoption (also known as Hague Adoption Convention). Inter-country adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Inter-country Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAAs implementing regulations, as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of China. Inter-country adoption may take place only if the competent authorities in China have determined that the placement of the child within China has been given due consideration and that an inter-country adoption is in the childs best interests. The China Center for Child Welfare and adoption (also known as CCCWA) is the only agency to provide adoption services.. Learn more about the Hague Convention ,. ...
Brandy joined the Adoption Choices family in 2017. She is a Nationally Certified Counselor and has experience providing counseling and advocacy to birth mothers, adoptive parents, and children and families in the foster care system.. Her education includes a Bachelors degree in Psychology from the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs, and a Masters degree in Clinical Counseling from the University of Northern Colorado. When looking for her graduate school internship, Brandy heard about an intern position at the adoption program at Catholic Charities. Her ears perked up, her heart swelled, and she immediately knew that was the internship she wanted to do. While she cant point to a particular event or connection to adoption that led her to have this reaction, something moved within her and spoke to her about assisting women through the process of their pregnancy and adoption, and helping create new families. During her internship, Brandy was a pregnancy and adoption counselor, as well as an ...
Brandy joined the Adoption Choices family in 2017. She is a Nationally Certified Counselor and has experience providing counseling and advocacy to birth mothers, adoptive parents, and children and families in the foster care system.. Her education includes a Bachelors degree in Psychology from the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs, and a Masters degree in Clinical Counseling from the University of Northern Colorado. When looking for her graduate school internship, Brandy heard about an intern position at the adoption program at Catholic Charities. Her ears perked up, her heart swelled, and she immediately knew that was the internship she wanted to do. While she cant point to a particular event or connection to adoption that led her to have this reaction, something moved within her and spoke to her about assisting women through the process of their pregnancy and adoption, and helping create new families. During her internship, Brandy was a pregnancy and adoption counselor, as well as an ...
I am an adopted child (so is my little brother). When my husband married me, he knew we were going to adopt. We would have one or two of our own, and adopt one or two. There was no argument on his part, he was totally fine with it. (However, sometimes it seems that we might be adopting all of our children!). Our parents support this, our friends support this, but more importantly we both support each other in this- now. It took a while, because Travis wanted to perhaps do an international adoption, to him a baby, was a baby, was a baby. Being an adopted child myself, I always get a little giddy inside when Im with my Mom and someone says how much we look alike, or my little brother. Knowing full well that I DONT really belong, the fact that someone outside our family thinks I do, is amazing. I told Travis he would never understand it. Period. Unless you are adopted, I dont think you understand it. For that reason, I wanted to pursue domestic infant adoption. We were afraid that the cost would ...
Sabrina was tortured and starved by her family. When she died at age 16 after being drop-kicked down the stairs by her adoptive brother and subsequently starving to death, she weighed 56 pounds and looked like an eight-year-old child.. Her death may have saved the lives of her two adopted sisters, who were also abused and were rescued from the home and taken to the hospital when Sabrina was found dead.. Perpetrator: Marc Ray (Adoptive father), charged with child endangerment and child neglect; Misty Ray (Adoptive mother), charged with child endangerment and child neglect; Carla Bousman (Adoptive grandmother), arrested as an accomplice; Josie Raye Bousman (Niece), arrested; Justin Dale Ray (Adoptive brother), charged with child endangerment and willful injury.. Source ...
Have you heard of the home study report before? Do you know anyone who has undergone the home study before adopting a child? Do you think this is a good way to determine a couple s eligibility for adoption? Nandita replied. One way of making things a bit easier is to use the same home study report if the people have already adopted a child. At least then there will be less work and the agency can spend more time with initial parents during adoption. It is very lenhthy procedure so the parents may contact the same adoption agency which they had contacted earlier for the previous adoption. Therefore, the adoption agency may require less time for processing all the details as they already know the parents very well and there will be less difficulty while adopting another child. Shikha replied. I agree that this procedure seems to be very long. Still, we must remember that this is all for the children. We must ensure that the child is placed in a safe environment and is not exploited. There are so ...
The scientists summarized it in their paper: "The two major findings of this study were that there was a clear relation between the body-mass index of biologic parents and the weight class of adoptees, suggesting that genetic influences are important determinants of body fatness; and that there was no relation between the body-mass index of adoptive parents and the weight class of adoptees, suggesting that childhood family environment alone has little or no effect.". In other words, being fat was an inherited condition.. Stunkard also pointed out the implications: "Current efforts to prevent obesity are directed toward all children (and their parents) almost indiscriminately. Yet if family environment alone has no role in obesity, efforts now directed toward persons with little genetic risk of the disorder could be refocused on the smaller number who are more vulnerable. Such persons can already be identified with some assurance: 80 percent of the offspring of two obese parents become obese, as ...
If the biological parents (including divorced ones) are the persons who place out the adoptee for adoption, a certificate proving that the biological parents cannot rear the adoptee due to unusual difficulties and a written consent of both of the biological parents on the placing-out shall be submitted; among those, if the adoptee is placed out for adoption by a single parent because the spouse of the biological father or mother has died or has been missing, a certificate proving that the other spouse has died or has been missing as well as a written declaration that the dead spouse or the spouse who has been missing on giving up the priority in rearing the child shall also be submitted;. ...
The Birth Parents genealogy forum on MyHeritage is perfect for finding information about your family tree and sharing knowledge with others.
After an introduction in which the author explains how his fascination with genetics arose from his being an adopted child and thus not like his adoptive parents, there are eight chapters each dealing with an aspect of the genetics revolution. The first chapter is historical and is a potted su
VIDEO: Jamie Smith talks about her past and future. Those few threaded inches link Miss Smith to her secret past, which shes trying to unravel as she searches for her birth mother.. "Ive always wanted to know more. Ive always wanted answers. I just run through scenarios in my head," she said.. Those yearnings become more poignant this time of year.. Miss Smiths documented life began as Baby Jane Doe, the moniker scrawled on the birth record at Fostoria City Hospital, where she was taken after being discovered.. Her birth certificate, filed later under the name Lisa Baby Doe, approximated her birth date between March 21 and March 24. She spent four months in foster care before her adoptive parents took her home to Jerry City, a Wood County village of about 400 people.. LeeAnn and Dale Smith still live in the house where they raised their daughter from a happy baby they named Jamie Lee to a toddler with a cloud of blond ringlets to the poised young woman now looking for answers.. They chose ...
The number of children adopted internationally by American parents fell 7 percent last year, continuing a multi-year decline brought on in part by tightened adoption rules, a U.S. State Department report showed on Thursday.
... I am a board certified general pediatrician and pediatric infectious diseases specialist with a faculty appointment at the Weill Cornell Medical College as Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics. I am the Director of International Pediatric Health Services, PLLC, a private practice located at 128 Maplewood Avenue in Maplewood (NJ), specializing in adoption medicine. I have evaluated well-over ten thousand children adopted from abroad and many of these children are followed long-term as part of my primary care pediatric practice.. I am part of a national network of adoption medicine specialists for the American Academy of Pediatrics called the Section on Adoption and Foster Care; this group organizes workshops for adoption professionals all over the country and teaches general and specialty pediatricians at national medical conferences. I speak and write about international adoption for family adoption advocacy groups, adoption agencies, international child policy ...
I remember the first time I heard it said. It came out of nowhere during a conversation with an adult adoptee, and I recoiled as the words made their way to my heart. "There is no adoption without loss," she declared, "but sometimes adoptive parents tend to forget that.". Such a categorical statement. So black and white. Surely there had to be an exception. Certainly there was some gray. "All adoption is born of loss?" I remember thinking to myself. All?. As Ive become immersed in the world of adoption over the years Ive come to realize and more fully understand how true this truth is. Ive seen it first hand in the lives of my four children. Ive heard it in the stories of countless adult adopted persons who find the courage and feel the freedom to honestly tell their stories. Ive read about it in books and heard about it in conferences from experts who have dedicated their lives to serving kids like mine and families like ours.. At its root trauma speaks of a wound. In the realm of adoption ...
One of my readers sent me an email concerning a dispute in Massachusetts over whether a Catholic adoption agency should be allowed to consider homosexual couples. Governor Romney (R) of Massachusetts is seeking legislation that will allow Catholic adoption agencies to exclude homosexual couples after anti-discrimination legislation made such exclusions a crime. The Catholic Church has said that it would rather end its 103-year adoption services than be forced to place children with homosexual couples.. Of course, I think that refusing to consider homosexuals as potential adopters is bigoted, and bigotry in the name of God is no more justifiable than any act of violence done in the name of God. However, when it comes to granting licenses, I would say that the government should continue to license this agency.. With a slight change, I can make this argument personal. If I allow Catholics to discriminate against homosexuals, then it seems that I should also allow them to discriminate against ...
HARLAN TALKs Masters, Models & Mentors welcomes this weeks special guest, Jessica Page. Jessica joins CJ Harlan to discuss her powerful story of growing up and living...In And Out Of Foster Care. Her stories reveal the REAL expereinces that many children face when growing up without their biological parents. She offers up important messages for: adults considering fostering children; for those who currently are fostering; and for children who may have faced, or are facing, similar hardships. Jessica also shares how she was chosen by her adoptive mother, not always an easy road but one worth traveling for both of them. This 3 part Harlan Talk show Gets Real with you about what childen like Jessica face every day so that she may help more people create more compassion and opportunities for children who need our help, love, acceptance and understanding. Join us for Part 1 and Get to know Jessica, another amazing Role Model. NOTE: If you know of a child that is being abused and needs help, please step up
An-Ya and Her Diary by Diane René Christian An-Ya and Her Diary chronicles the journey of a fictional eleven-year-old adoptee from China. Written in...
Adoption experts contributing to online adoption education for prospective adoptive parents, adoption families and adoption professionals.
Separated twins shed light on identity issues Though they share same DNA, the 2 women have vast differences Both women had the same delicate wrists and rounded hips, the same allergy to sulfa drugs. Identical twins offer a tantalizing window into the power of inheritance, and current twin studies continue to shake up our understanding of mental health, personality, the influence of parenting, and the meaning of identity. When I was a student, mothers were considered the cause of schizophrenia, said psychologist Thomas Bouchard, head of the Minnesota Center for Twin and Adoption Research. Schein thought that was all she would discover when, some months later, she received a certified letter from an adoption agency. Eventually a social worker connected to the adoption agency found her lost twin. The social worker explained to Schein that the pair had been separated as part of an experiment, but said that she did not know the details. Bouchard himself believes that twins reared apart could yield
Florida evaluates adoption applications from all other would-be adoptive parents, including those who have failed at previous adoptions and those with a history of drug abuse or domestic violence. [...] a three-judge panel of the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta disagreed, ruling last January that the Lawrence decision did not refute the accumulated wisdom of several millennia of human experience that the optimal family structure in which to raise children was one with a mother and father married to each other. The state Legislature voted to prohibit adoptions by gays in 1977, in the midst of a campaign led by the entertainer Anita Bryant to repeal a gay rights ordinance adopted by Dade County. The state senator who sponsored the adoption measure, Curtis Peterson, said at the time that its purpose was to send a message to gay people that were really tired of you and we wish youd go back into the closet.
John is a photojournalist and the author of several books on the Amish lifestyle and pioneering. He was instrumental in getting the Conspiracy of Silence documentary online which first exposed the global satanic child kidnapping and slavery network and its ties to the intelligence community. See the documentary film made about John and his work at Zielinski.See more at Americas MIA Children, Johns website.. "America is under the mind control of the medical-political establishment and it begins with the disruption of the mother-baby relationship at birth." - Janel ...
If you are considering aborting your baby, just sit back and think about your unborn baby for a while. At 21 days into your pregnancy (probably before you even realized you are pregnant), your baby already has a beating heart and at 8 weeks, your babys other vital organs are developed. Yes, your baby can even respond to touch at this point too. Your baby may not be breathing the same way you breathe but he/she breathes amniotic fluid…that watery stuff that surrounds your baby. Your baby sleeps, awakens, and exercises his muscles all the time. The palm when stroked can even make a tight fist. Your baby may not be big, but he/she is very much alive. What a wonderful thought to know that you have a little "adult" living inside of you!. Now picture your child being torn apart into pieces or injected with a saline solution that will stop your babys heart beating instantly. Better yet having his/her brains removed with a suction tube. No matter which abortion method is used, your baby never comes ...
Whether you are a young mother, an older mother, an adoptive mother, a stay at home mother, a working mother, a single mother, a married mother or any kind of mother… this is for you.. A mother is not a person to lean on, but a person to make leaning unnecessary.. ~ Dorothy Canfield Fisher. ...
The stressful early separation of children from their biological parents can trigger genetic changes that can affect how they think when they grew up, according to a study made by researchers based in Yale School of Medicine; therefore adoptive parents should be more understanding to keep the orphans mental health development as normal as possible. This finding comes from a small-scale study of 14 children who grew since birth in institutions along with same number of children raised by biological parents as controls. In the study, childrens genomes from blood samples, were profiled and examined to determine biological processes in their systems.. Read more on Understanding Foster Parents Key for Proper Development of Orphans?…. ...
May 27, 2005 3:00PM EST. LEGISLATIVE UPDATE - WEEK ENDING MAY 27, 2005 HOUSE AND SENATE RETURN FROM RECESS JUNE 6th! PRESIDENCY STEM CELLS AND SNOWFLAKE BABIES President George W. Bush was pictured holding a snowflake baby on the front page of virtually every newspaper in the nation on Tuesday. In the East Room of the White House he held a reception for 21 snowflake babies and their parents in an effort to derail a bill allowing embryonic destruction and experimentation. Snowflake babies are adopted frozen embryos that were implanted in an adoptive mother and carried to term. Every snowflake baby was a discarded frozen embryo which was adopted. The snowflake babies are procreated during in vitro fertilization for infertile couples. During the procedure "extra" babies are produced and frozen for possible future use after one is chosen for implantation in the mother. It is those frozen babies, about 400,000 of them, that social liberals want to tear apart and extract stem cells from to allegedly ...
by Valerie White. When Judy decided she wanted to try to have a baby with Ken, and all three of us agreed we would co-parent, I wanted to feel really close to the child-to-be. Of course, at that stage, I did not know that it would turn out that the progeny would be genetically related to me. I had read that it is possible for adoptive mothers to nurse, and so when I learned the twins were on the way I determined to try to re-induce lactation.. Judy wanted to breast-feed the twins, but she had some concerns. Pre-pregnancy, her nipples were extraordinarily and unpleasantly sensitive, and she was afraid she wouldnt be able to tolerate suckling. My intention in attempting relactation was to give the twins some breast milk if Judy didnt succeed in nursing them and to supplement her feeding them if she did succeed.. In the early 1970s, I breast-fed both of my babies - one for seven months and the other for a year and a half. For years after I weaned the younger one, I had a small amount of milk in ...
16-year-old girl adopted by Richard and Rana Cooper was systematically abused by her adoptive mother. Rana Cooper is accused of forcing the girl to eat used cat litter, attempting to gouge the girl’s eyes out and trying to sew her mouth shut.
An Iowa teenager has testified in the murder trial of his adoptive mother, telling jurors she refused to feed his sister days before she starved to death.
We met with an agency yesterday and learned a boat load of information! It was good to learn about the home study process and the placement process directly from the source. The agency we met with is out of Peoria and they have a small infant adoption program with only two caseworkers in this agency program. We see this as both a benefit and a disadvantage. Since they are a small agency they are very personal and quick to carry things out with the home study process. Also they have more time to meet personally and answer questions because they are usually only working with maybe 10 families at a time. The disadvantage of them being small is that they only do an average of 4 infant adoptions a year and the average wait time can be up to 2 years depending on if you are picked by a birth mother or not. We are not sure yet if we want to use this agency or maybe a different one in the area. We are looking into an adoption agency in Bloomington as well. The process, probably for any agency we would ...
The majority of adopted children deal well with the fact that they are adopted, according to the Healthy Children website. But, some kids have unhealthy thoughts. One worry is that since the biological parents did not want him, some day, you wont either. This worry can manifest itself in two ways. Either the child becomes overly obedient in an effort to please you or he misbehaves as a test to see whether you will love him anyway. Some children act out because they assume their biological parents must have been antisocial in some way, and they are trying to identify with their birth parents.. ...
Adoption and advocacy[edit]. The National Academy of Medicine recommends a daily average of 130 g of carbohydrates per day.[12] ...
Adoption. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to ... "Special Interests and the Adoption of the Income Tax in the United States." The Journal of Economic History V. 45, No. 3. pp. ...
Adoption of new technology[edit]. Banks have adopted new technologies in order to reduce operating costs. The rollout of ...
Atom 0.3 and adoption by Google[edit]. The discussion then moved to a newly set up mailing list. The next and final snapshot ... Barriers to adoption[edit]. Despite the emergence of Atom as an IETF Proposed Standard and the decision by major companies such ... This version gained widespread adoption in syndication tools, and in particular it was added to several Google-related services ...
Adoption in various countries. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by ... The table shows the dates of adoption of time zones based on the Greenwich meridian, including half-hour zones. ... An 1853 "Universal Dial Plate" showing the relative times of "all nations" before the adoption of universal time ...
Adoption[edit]. As a standards body, The Open Group aims to evangelize the use of FAIR within the context of these risk ...
Adoption[edit]. On September 13, 2012, Dropbox announced that their browser-side code base has been rewritten from JavaScript ...
Adoption[edit]. Cinnamon is available in the Linux Mint 12 repositories,[6] and is included in all Linux Mint versions 13 and ...
Adoption rate[edit]. While the adoption rate for hybrids in the US is small today (2.2% of new car sales in 2011),[90] this ... a large scale adoption of these bi-fuel vehicles could be seen in the near future. Rising gas prices may also push consumers to ...
This right does not apply to pre-adoption or adoption proceedings unless it also includes the termination of parental rights.[ ... In re Adoption of S.S. & R.S.. , 657 N.E.2d 935 (Ill. 1995). ... In re Adoption of T.R.M.. , 525 N.E.2d 298 (Ind. 1988). ... Foster Care Placement and Adoption[edit]. "Foster care placement" is defined as "any action removing an Indian child from its ... but before or instead of an adoption; and (4) adoptions.[17] ... Uniform Adoption Act. *Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction And ...
Adoption[edit]. It was on 6 June 1996, during the World Conference on Linguistic Rights in Barcelona, Spain, that the ...
Fees from adoptions are collected by the groups themselves. With each adoption, PetSmart gives the new guardians a book which ... Charities and adoption centers[edit]. PetSmart has helped stray pets find homes with families. Rather than selling dogs, cats, ... PetSmart also offers a variety of small animals for sale and adoption, such as birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and several ... Proceeds from Petsmart Charities events are given to over 3,400 adoption partners. PetSmart Charities claims that of the six to ...
Resistance to adoption[edit]. Although the Dvorak design is the only other keyboard design registered with ANSI and is provided ... Clements, M.T. (2005). "Inefficient Standard Adoption: Inertia and Momentum Revisited". Economic Inquiry. 43 (3): 507-518. doi: ... claims that the dominance of the QWERTY is due to market failure brought on by QWERTY's early adoption, writing, "[T]he ...
Adoption of new standardized character forms[edit]. The new standardized character forms started in the "List of character ... Adoption of new standardized character forms. New standardized character forms originated from the "List of character forms of ...
Adoption[edit]. Language rankings[edit]. As of 2013[update], all JVM-based languages (Clojure, Groovy, Kotlin, Scala) are ... recommended Scala adoption in its languages and frameworks category in 2013.[97] In July 2014, this assessment was made more ...
Adoption by IEC, NIST and ISO[edit]. In January 1999, the IEC published the first international standard (IEC 60027-2 Amendment ...
Adoption of the Civil Code of Lower Canada[edit]. See also: Civil Code of Lower Canada ... the adoption of rules on patrimonies by appropriation[2] (analogous to, but conceptually different from, the law of trusts in ... The Code restatement of the civil law in Quebec as of the date of its adoption, including judicial interpretation of codal ...
Standard time adoption[edit]. Spain, like other parts of the world, used mean solar time until 31 December 1900.[1] In San ...
Examples of early adoption[edit]. LEDs as Christmas illumination in Viborg, Denmark ...
There are two forms of adoptions: open adoptions and closed adoptions. Open adoption allows birth parents to know and have ... Adoption[edit]. Main article: Adoption. Unintended pregnancies often result in an adoption of the infant, where the biological ... The decline in the birth rate was associated with reductions in the number of children put up for adoption and reduction in the ... Evidence from Adoptions". Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 34 (1): 25. doi:10.2307/3030229.. ...
New product adoption and diffusion of innovations[edit]. See also: Diffusion of innovations and Bass diffusion model ... Rogers, E.M., "New Product Adoption and Diffusion," Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1976, pp. 290-301 ... In order to explain the increasing pace of adoption, some have pointed to supply-side issues such as reduced barriers to entry ... Trialability: the extent to which an individual can experiment with the innovation, on a limited scale, prior to adoption ...
Adoption by the BIPM[edit]. The IUPAC 1961 definition of the unified atomic mass unit, with that name and symbol "u", was ...
Adoption[edit]. The InChI has been adopted by many larger and smaller databases, including ChemSpider, ChEMBL, Golm Metabolome ... Database, OpenPHACTS, and PubChem.[13] However, the adoption is not straightforward, and many databases show a discrepancy ...
Background before adoption[edit]. James Madison, drafter of the Bill of Rights ...
Initial adoption[edit]. Due to the influence tire pressure has on vehicle safety and efficiency, tire-pressure monitoring (TPM ...
International Adoption. Mary Allen Staat, Simone Wien, Emily Jentes. OVERVIEW. In the past 15 years, ,260,000 children have ... Measles among adults associated with adoption of children in China-California, Missouri, and Washington, July-August 2006. MMWR ... for use of hepatitis A vaccine in close contacts of newly arriving international adoption. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58( ... see www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/adoption/finding-doctor.html). Although the overseas medical examination is not a ...
Our adoption contract may state you will need to take your new dog to training classes within 3 months of adoption - can you ... Are you aware that the dog you are applying for has an adoption donation of $350‐650 and will require a visit to your home? * ... If found to be untrue at any time, even following adoption, the dog may be reclaimed at no expense to Almost Home Bulldog ... Further, by applying for the adoption of a dog, I hereby give permission to my Veterinarian, my personal reference, and ...
Our adoption questionnaire is not binding in any way, nor does it reserve or hold a dog. Our responsibility is to find the ... This form was created inside of Animal Adoption Center. Report Abuse - Terms of Service ...
Our adoption fee is $225, cash or check, for every animal. This includes spay/neuter, vaccinations/deworming and a 15lb bag of ...
Adoption Links. Adopted Senshi Links. Birth Certificates. Link Me!. Your Name:. E-Mail:. URL:. Which Senshi?. Sehnshis Name:( ...
God is in the process of building our family through adoption, and we are thrilled to announce that God has chosen a son for us ... On Saturday, April 13, 2013, our friends will be hosting a 5K (about 3 miles) run/walk to help us raise money for our adoption ... We found out in September of 2012 that our son, Matthew, was available for adoption in Hong Kong. Matthew is 10 years old, and ...
I agree to have adopted pet seen by vet of my choice within 2 weeks of adoption in order to begin any necessary preventatives ( ... I understand and acknowledge that the adoption donation is non-refundable, and will go directly to other animals in need. ...
Please continue to monitor adoption.state.gov for updated information. For questions about this notice or adoption related visa ... The Department also urges adoption agencies not to make new referrals to U.S. prospective adoptive parents in such cases until ... Termination of the Temporary Cessation of Hand in Hand, Inc.s China Adoption Program ... which may affect a childs eligibility for an adoption-based visa under the Immigration and Nationality Act. The Department ...
Domestic adoption. When you adopt a child who was born in the U.S., ask your adoption coordinator for your childs official ... International adoption. Vaccinate according to the U.S. schedule. All international adoptees should receive vaccines according ... Ask your adoption coordinator for your childs vaccination records. The childs birth country may have vaccines or a ... See detailed information on healthy travel for international adoptions.. It is also very important that any other children or ...
Adoption has become a socially accepted means by which a family grows, whether by choice, or where biological and psychosocial ... National Adoption Attitudes Survey. Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption. Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. 2002 Jun.Google ... Adoption and the effect on childrens development. Early Hum Dev. 2002;68:39-44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Prenatal alcohol and drug exposures in adoption. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005;52:1369-93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Find out about adopting a child and other adoption issues. ... Impact of Adoption on Birth Parents (Childrens Bureau) - PDF ... Medical Issues in Adoption (Nemours Foundation) * Parenting a Child Who Has Been Sexually Abused: A Guide for Foster and ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Adoption (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Child, Adopted (National Institutes of ... Adoption brings a child born to other parents into a new family. Birth parents have a number of reasons for placing children ...
Post-Adoption Reporting Requirements. Hungary requires a detailed post-adoption report two months after the adoption is ... In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Hungary to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... There are no adoption agencies or adoption centers in Hungary for intercountry adoptions. Prospective adoptive parents, ...
In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... For adoptions finalized after the childs admission into the United States: You will need to complete an adoption following ... and any other required information to the adoption authority in Poland as part of your adoption application. Polands adoption ... Post-Adoption Resources. Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and ...
Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Brazil to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... Only after completing these steps, can you proceed to finalize the adoption or grant of custody for the purposes of adoption in ... Post-adoption requirements:. *Brazilian legislation requires ASPs to send post-adoption follow-up reports to CEJA and ACAF on ... What does Brazil require of the adoptive parents after the adoption?. *According to Brazilian law, there are post-adoption ...
Special adoptions more closely resemble Western-style adoptions. As in U.S. adoptions, a special adoption legally severs the ... SPECIAL AND REGULAR ADOPTIONS. For adoptions that are finalized in Japan, there are two types of adoptions under Japanese ... Role of Adoption Agencies: When finalizing the adoption in Japan, the adoption agency can match the prospective adoptive ... Role of the Court: Final Adoption (Special Adoption):. For those who are finalizing the adoption in Japan, the Family Court ...
Adoption service means any one of the following six services: *Identifying a child for adoption and arranging an adoption; ... In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Kosovo to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... Email: Adoption@state.gov. Internet: adoption.state.gov. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). For questions about ...
Role of Adoption Agencies: None.. *Adoption Application: The first step in the adoption process is submission of a formal ... Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Mozambique to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... For adoptions finalized after the childs entry into the United States: An adoption will need to be completed following your ... Post-Adoption Resources. Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and ...
Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Brunei to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... Email: Adoption@state.gov. Internet: adoption.state.gov. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). For questions about ... For adoptions finalized after the childs entry into the United States: You will need to complete an adoption following your ... Post-Adoption Resources. Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and ...
Please note that our adoption fee is $350 per dog with $100 going back to the rescue in Houston that the dog came from and the ... If youd like a version of this questionnaire to print, fill out, and email back, please email adoptions@redemptionpaws.org. ... All information provided in this form will be kept private and will only be used for vetting purposes for adoption applications ... Please complete this form in order to be considered for adoption through Redemption Paws. ...
Learn what to expect during the first 30 days with your dog and other helpful tips to help during the adoption process. ... Dog Adoption Puppies for Adoption: How, and Where to Adopt a Puppy by Petfinder ... Dog Adoption Why Do Bloodhounds Have Long Ears? The Better to Smell You With! by Petfinder ... Puppies for adoption are available all-year-round at animal shelters and rescue groups on Petfinder.com, a great place to begin ...
... a gathering is a space where the conversation between the members of the adoption triad; adoptive families birthparents, and ... to think about adoption, to talk about adoption, and to define adoption.. This is the place for breaking down barriers within ... Recently, weve brought adoption out into the open with activists and talk shows, open records and open adoptions. Adoption is ... adoption: a gathering is a space where our conversation can grow and deepen. Its also a space where we, the adoption community ...
By entering my name below, I acknowledge that I have read and agree to this Adoption Contract and that I am of legal age and ... Following the date of this adoption, on at least an annual basis, I agree to have this pet examined by a veterinarian and ... To pay by credit card, please return to the adoption fees and agreement page on Pet Havens website and select click to pay ... 10-day grace period policy: If, within the first 10 days of adoption you determine your adopted pet isnt a good fit or you ...
In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... All adoptees may request information regarding their adoption from Korea Adoption Services or the relevant adoption agency. If ... adoption service provider to file an eligibility for adoption application with the adoption authority of the Republic of Korea. ... adoption service providers affiliated with Korean adoption agencies for assistance.. The Korean adoption agency facilitates the ...
Adoption Application: The adoption application is filed with the Adoption Unit of the Social Welfare Department.. ... Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Hong Kong to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... Hong Kongs Adoption Authority. Adoption Unit. Social Welfare Department. Room 201, 2/F., North Point Government Offices. 333 ...
Mobile Setup Detailed instruction for setting up mobile devices with Google Apps can be found on the RFU Google User Adoption ...
  • Vandivere S, Malm K, Radel L. Adoption USA (2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents - US Department of Health and Human Services). (springer.com)
  • Adoption brings a child born to other parents into a new family. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Birth parents have a number of reasons for placing children for adoption. (medlineplus.gov)
  • We urge prospective adoptive parents residing abroad who are considering adoption of a child from the United States to consult with Hungary's Central Authority, Ministry of Human Capacities, Department for Demographic and Children's Affairs, for its determination as to whether it considers your adoption to be subject to the Convention. (state.gov)
  • Prospective adoptive parents, adoption service providers, and adoption facilitators must work directly with the Hungarian Central Authority. (state.gov)
  • The UAA requires that an accredited or approved adoption service provider acts as a primary provider in every case, and that adoption service providers providing adoption services on behalf of prospective adoptive parents be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider. (state.gov)
  • Adoption service providers and prospective adoptive parents should review the State Department's Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 webpage for further information. (state.gov)
  • However, Japanese law requires the adopting parents and the child to spend at least six months togetherin Japan before the adoption can be finalized. (state.gov)
  • Prospective adoptive parents must be legal residents of Mozambique and must be present in the country for the duration of the adoption process. (state.gov)
  • Additionally, married prospective adoptive parents must be married for three years prior to the initiation of the adoption process. (state.gov)
  • In cases in which the marriage took place at least three years prior to the initiation of the adoption, but was not registered, the prospective adoptive parents may invoke common law. (state.gov)
  • fewer than five adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place over the last decade. (state.gov)
  • When a child whose background differs from the parents is adopted, a multicultural family has been created,' says Fern Johnson, a professor at Clark University, co-author of The Interracial Adoption Option: Creating a Family Across Race , and mother of two transracially adopted sons. (parents.com)
  • This webpage contains information for adopting parents, adoption service providers, and health care providers. (cdc.gov)
  • The health of the adopted child is one of many issues that parents need to address during the adoption process. (cdc.gov)
  • Parents should be prepared for possible challenges during the adoption process and be aware that sometimes the process can be lengthy. (cdc.gov)
  • But information obtained by RFE/RL suggests that for foreign would-be parents, the state-administered adoption process comes fettered with thousands of dollars in 'informal' expenditures that critics say amount to little more than bribery. (rferl.org)
  • By finding out what had happened to children and parents later in life, outcome studies offered a way to predict and control future adoptions by studying the results of adoptions arranged in the past. (uoregon.edu)
  • Be willing and prepared to discuss your child s birth family, provide details about the adoption, and, in many cases, maintain ongoing contact with his or her birth parents. (bellaonline.com)
  • Parents need to know that A Deadly Adoption is a parody of a classic Lifetime-style thriller but still features strong themes such as infidelity, pregnancy, loss, kidnapping, and murder. (commonsensemedia.org)
  • Their birth parents may have had difficulties themselves and may not want their child to be placed for adoption. (nottinghamcity.gov.uk)
  • Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person's biological or legal parent or parents, and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption can be done by a couple or an individual person but children have to be 14 years younger and the adoptive parents can not have been legally incapacitated. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a theological word, adoption has similar connotations to the act of legally placing a child with a parent or parents other than those to whom they were born. (wikipedia.org)
  • Forced adoption is the practice of forcefully taking children from their parents and placing them for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first adoption study on schizophrenia in 1968 by Leonard Heston demonstrated that the biological children of schizophrenic parents were just as likely to develop schizophrenia whether they were reared by the parents or adopted and was essential in establishing schizophrenia as genetic instead of being a result of child rearing methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015 an adoption study that compared Swedish male-male full-sibships in which at least one member was reared by one or more biological parents and the other by adoptive parents was published. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children who are orphaned, fostered or adopted, who don't have access to medical records because their parents are unknown, deceased or uncooperative, may benefit from the comprehensive investigative skills of an adoption detective. (wikipedia.org)
  • While technically an adoption is disrupted only when it is abandoned by the adopting parent or parents before it is legally completed (an adoption that is reversed after that point is instead referred to in the law as having been dissolved), in practice the term is used for all adoptions that are ended (more recently, among families disrupting, the euphemism "re-homing" has become current). (wikipedia.org)
  • While rarely discussed in public, even within the adoption community, the practice has become far more widespread in recent years, especially among those parents who have adopted from Eastern European countries, particularly Russia and Romania, where some children have suffered far more from their institutionalization than their parents were led to believe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The child may have developmental or psychological issues that the parents cannot handle, had not been informed of prior to the adoption, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • An underground, possibly illegal, network has arisen in the U.S. over the past decade to help these parents disrupt their adoptions, authorities believe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Few parents who have disrupted adoptions have been willing to talk about the process, since it carries a strong social stigma. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is seen by many as essentially legally sanctioned abandonment, especially since there is no corresponding legal procedure available for biological parents who find their children beyond their ability to handle, apart from giving their children up for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Open Adoption, the adoptive parents hold all the rights as the legal parents, yet the individuals of the biological and adoptive families may exercise the option to open the contact in varying forms: from just sending mail and/or photos, to face-to-face visits between birth and adoptive families. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until the 1930s, most adoptive parents and biological parents had contact at least during the adoption process. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases, adoption was seen as a social support: young children were adopted out not only to help their parents (by reducing the number of children they had to support) but also to help another family by providing an apprentice. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 2012 report in the Washington Times 95% of US infant adoptions now have some level of openness between adoptive and birth parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although practices vary state by state, most adoptions start with the birth mother reviewing dozens of photo-resume letters or online profiles of prospective adoptive parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • If they are geographically distant from each other (as some adoptions are interstate, with the birth mother living in a different state from the adoptive parents), the first meeting will normally be by phone, then advance to a face-to-face meeting if the meeting by phone went as well as hoped. (wikipedia.org)
  • National, or domestic, adoption laws deal with issues such as step-parent adoption, adoption by cohabitees, adoption by single parents and LGBT adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many instances of such legislation did allow for "non-identifying information", generalized background information about birth parents collected by adoption workers, which by deliberate design did not identify them. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, Italian law prohibits adoption by single parents, unless one of the parents inherited custody of the child through either legal separation or death of a spouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adoptions have been criticized because of alleged preference shown to the parents due to their wealth or celebrity status. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adoption tax credit is a tax credit offered to adoptive parents to encourage adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parents will need to document the child has special needs, and this documentation can include the adoption assistance/adoption subsidy agreement, a letter from the state/county approving the child for adoption assistance/adoption subsidy, or a letter from the state/county child welfare agency stating that the child has special needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • PLACEMENT OF MINORS FOR ADOPTION § 2-101 Who may place minor for adoption § 2-102 Direct placement for adoption by parent or guardian § 2-103 Placement for adoption by agency § 2-104 Preferences for placement when agency places a minor § 2-105 Recruitment of adoptive parents by agency § 2-106 Disclosure of information on background § 2-107 Interstate placement § 2-108 Intercountry placement PART 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • If fully implemented at the national level, the Convention offers a protective framework against the potential risks of private adoption (when the adoptive parents set the terms of the adoption directly with the biological parents or with children's institutions placed in the country of origin, without recurring to accredited adoption service providers). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some birth parents see "positive adoption language" as terminology which glosses over painful facts they face as they go into the indefinite post-adoption period of their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traditionally, adoption could not proceed unless the parental rights of both parents were first terminated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some instances, birth parents and legal parents have entered into an open adoption agreement, also known as "cooperative postadoption agreements. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Michaud v. Wawrack, the Court held that an agreement between birth mother and adoptive parents, that was not part of the adoption decree, is enforceable, provided it was in the best interests of the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, such adoption registries exist only in countries which practiced closed adoption, i.e. adoption in which the full identities of the birth parents, birth family members and the adopting family are not readily disclosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • A home study or homestudy is a screening of the home and life of prospective adoptive parents prior to allowing an adoption to take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • An independent adoption is usually arranged by an attorney, with full openness in identities between the birth and adoptive parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, California law requires that the birth mother personally select the adoptive parents in an independent adoption: she cannot forfeit that decision to another person. (wikipedia.org)
  • A court can then grant the adoption in a simple court hearing in which both adoptive parents and the child appear. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not required that the adoptive parents have a pre-placement home study (unless the adoption is interstate). (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of adoptions are successful and few birth parents change their mind, in large part due to adoption counseling provided prior to the placement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Adoption Information Disclosure Act, formally An Act respecting the disclosure of information and records to adopted persons and birth parents, also known as Bill 183, is an Ontario (Canada) law regarding the disclosure of information between parties involved in adoptions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) defines adoption as a "socio-legal process of giving a permanent family to a child whose parents have voluntarily or involuntarily given up their parental rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative adoption is when the biological parents of a child renounce their claim over the child to a relative or a member of their extended family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Independent adoption occurs when biological parents directly place their child with acquaintances or utilize intermediaries to facilitate the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The DSWD provides for pre-adoption procedures as stipulated in RA 8552 in order to safeguard parents from making hurried decisions, as well as safeguard the child from unnecessary separation from his or her biological parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Counseling of biological parents attempts to ensure they are well-informed of the implications of surrendering their child for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological parents are also given the right to reconsider giving up their child for adoption within three months of signing the Deed of Voluntary Commitment (DVC), which is a document that formalizes the relinquishment of their child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any expressed desire to commit a child to adoption will only be binding after the actual birth of the child so as to give the biological parents enough opportunity to assess their available alternatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prospective adoptive parents are mandated to go through a counseling process as well as join an adoption forum in order to be prepared for effective parenting. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 20 September 2012, NSW Premier Barry O'Farrell delivered an apology to the parents and children who were affected by past forced adoption policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several notable cultural variations in adoption, which is an arrangement by which a child whose biological parents are unable to care for it is "adopted" and given the same legal and social status as though he/she were the biological child of the adoptive parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • While all societies make provision for the rearing of children whose own parents are unavailable, not all cultures have the same system or understanding of adoption as in the western sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children with two black parents were significantly older at adoption, had been in the adoptive home a shorter time, and had experienced a greater number of preadoption placements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The court needs to make sure that the children that are up for adoption are really the children of whoever is claiming to be the parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • United States and Russia - Russian officials called for a suspension of adoptions to U.S. parents after a Pennsylvania couple were charged for beating to death their adoptive child from Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Samoa - Four Sentenced in Scheme, prosecutors say adoption agency tricked Samoan parents into giving their own children up for adoption Ethiopia - Canadian Broadcasting Company reports Canadian families "claim that CAFAC has informed them their child is an orphan when the parents in fact exist. (wikipedia.org)
  • one year after "a One News investigation revealed Samoan parents had put their children up for adoption with the organisation Focus On Children, not realising they would never see them again. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoptive parents must travel to China to finalize the adoption of a child. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Minnesota / Texas Adoption Research Project (MTARP) is a longitudinal research study that focuses on the consequences of variations in openness in adoption arrangements for all members of the adoptive kinship network: birthmothers, adoptive parents, and adopted children, and for the relationships within these family systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Families where there was at least one adopted child (the "target child") between the ages of 4 and 12 at the time of the interview, who was adopted through an agency before his or her first birthday, and in which both adoptive parents were married to the partner they had at the time of the adoption were selected for the study. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Adoption-Friendly Workplace, tools and expert guidance for companies and parents to help support adoption benefits like financial reimbursement and paid leave. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption is permanently placing a person under the age of 18 with a parent or parents other than the birth parents in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assist in the adoption of waiting children, there is a U.S. government-affiliated website, AdoptUSKids.org, assisting in sharing information about these children with potential adoptive parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The North American Council on Adoptable Children provides information on financial assistance to adoptive parents (called adoption subsidies) when adopting a child with special needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This allows prospective adoptive parents to not only see children waiting for adoption in their own region, but throughout the nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adoptee also grows up knowing that they have parents who chose them and birth parents who loved them enough to choose life and also place them for adoption so that they could have a chance at a better life. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adoption triad or the relationship between the birth parents, adoptive parents, and the adoptee seemingly all benefit from adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidently all outcomes of adoption seem wonderful, however, a closer look reveals adoption is the cause of many lifelong issues for the birth parents, the adoptive parents, and the adoptee. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adoption of children of one race by parents of another race, which began officially in the United States in 1948, has always generated controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoptions that occurred after September 1, 2008 are open which means that, when requested, identifying information about either the adoptee (as long as he/she is over 18 years of age) or the birth parents can be shared. (wikipedia.org)
  • Forced adoption is the practice of removing children permanently from their parents and the subsequent adoption of those children, following intervention by the local education authority in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, the consent of an adoptee's parents or guardians who have Parental Rights & Responsibilities under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 towards the child must be obtained before the court will issue an adoption order. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Adoptions and Maintenance Act of 1956 dealt specifically with the legal process of adopting children by a Hindu adult, and with the legal obligations of a Hindu to provide "maintenance" to various family members including their wife or wives, parents, and in-laws. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption for the well-born While the modern form of adoption emerged in the United States, forms of the practice appeared throughout history. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice of adoption in ancient Rome is well documented in the Codex Justinianus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption and commoners The nobility of the Germanic, Celtic, and Slavic cultures that dominated Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire denounced the practice of adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption law is the generic area of legal theory, policy making, legal practice and legal studies relating to law on adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though adoption is an ancient practice, the notion of formal laws intended to solidify the adoption by restricting information exchange is comparatively young. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japanese adult adoption is the practice in Japan of legally and socially accepting a nonconsanguineal adult into an offspring role of a family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult adoption takes many forms in modern Japanese practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • this was consistent with adoption practice elsewhere in Canada and the United States at that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice was reduced but not eliminated for current adoptions, but there remained the question of what to do with existing adoption records: how does the right to information for either party compare with the obligation of honouring past commitments to privacy? (wikipedia.org)
  • Forced adoption was the practice of taking the babies from unmarried mothers, against their will, and placing them for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, in pre-modern Japan, which had a system of true adoption, a child could inherit the parent's aristocratic title or samurai rank, whereas in the United Kingdom (which only introduced legal adoption in 1926), only a biological child could inherit an aristocratic title, even if raising or providing for parentless children was a common practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tahitians practice faʼaʼamu (fr) (literally "giving to eat") adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traditional Tikopia (Solomon Islands) society did not practice adoption as it is traditionally understood in Western societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice of "forced adoption" has drawn significant criticism from various quarters, such as from erstwhile MP John Hemming and certain sections of the press, with parallels drawn between the current policy of the UK Government and those of the policy of forced adoption in Australia in the 20th Century. (wikipedia.org)
  • God is in the process of building our family through adoption, and we are thrilled to announce that God has chosen a son for us! (google.com)
  • Adoption has become a socially accepted means by which a family grows, whether by choice, or where biological and psychosocial constraints prevent the process from occurring within the narrow context of the family's autonomous resources. (springer.com)
  • Please see our section on Adoptions from the United States for more information on the process for adopting a child from the United States. (state.gov)
  • Each year, the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations surveys the state's 169 municipalities and 17 regional school districts regarding that year's budget adoption process and summarizes the findings in an annual report. (ct.gov)
  • Even though energy efficiency provides obvious benefits to new or retrofitted buildings and is widely seen as an appropriate approach to handle the increasing energy and the environment problems, the process of getting there is prohibitively complex and full adoption of energy efficiency in new buildings has been low. (springer.com)
  • For further information please see the informational pamphlet The Adoption Process (PDF) and checklist. (ca.gov)
  • He tells RFE/RL that his research suggests the entire process is handled by local government 'facilitators' who work independently or through a Western adoption agency. (rferl.org)
  • By e-mail, they wrote: 'We can be your authorized facilitators for the adoption process. (rferl.org)
  • 7. At what point in the adoption process should I submit my request for Adoption Assistance Reimbursement? (northwestern.edu)
  • At least 22 states/counties are in the process of, or considering, adoption. (cdc.gov)
  • My husband and I are nearing the end of the adoption process. (dailystrength.org)
  • Moreover a process-data model is used for visualizing the process which is intended to provide a complete overview of all the steps involved in the parallel adoption, but emphasis will be laid on the unique characteristics of parallel adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • There seem to be little conventions regarding the process of parallel adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lee, 2004) The parallel adoption process can not be represented without paying attention to the steps before the actual conversion, namely the construction of a conversion scenario and the identification and testing of all the requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually, these are adoptive families who have retained that agency or attorney to assist them in the adoption process. (wikipedia.org)
  • This preparation will be described below, illustrated by the process-data model of the big bang adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • At first, a planning for the whole adoption process is needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestic adoption expenses are allowed even when the adoption process is abandoned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Article III outlines the responsibilities that the entire process must be authorized by central adoption authorities designated by the contracting states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fundamentally, adoption is a two-step process: (1) an agreement to give and receive the child in adoption and (2) approval of said agreement by the probate court. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since reforms in 2007-8, aimed at combating extensive corruption in the adoption process, the numbers have fallen drastically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism report on Guatemalan adoption Report on Players Involved in the Illegal Adoption Process in Guatemala since the Entry into Force of the Adoption Law[permanent dead link] (2010), pp. 68-69. (wikipedia.org)
  • They provide education to members and professional communities about the lifelong process of adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure 1: Organization preparation Process In order to prepare the organization for the adoption of the new system, the changes that will take place need to be determined. (wikipedia.org)
  • California permits "facilitators" to assist in adoptions (businesses not licensed to perform home studies or take relinquishments or do legal work, but permitted to aid in the process in other ways). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Dave Thomas Foundation offers free toolkits for employers to guide them through the process of proposing and establishing an adoption benefits policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wenger, White and Smith, in their book Digital habitats: Stewarding technology for communities, talk of technology stewards: people with sufficient understanding of the technology available and the technological needs of a community to steward the community through the technology adoption process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technology adoption lifecycle is a sociological model that is an extension of an earlier model called the diffusion process, which was originally published in 1957 by Joe M. Bohlen, George M. Beal and Everett M. Rogers at Iowa State University and which was originally published only for its application to agriculture and home economics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption in the Philippines is a process of granting social, emotional and legal family and kinship membership to an individual from the Philippines, usually a child. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pre-adoption procedures are generally concerned with counseling the actors involved in order to ensure their mental and emotional well-being throughout the entire adoption process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Education and Adoption Bill 2015-16 is a UK Government Bill giving the government new powers to intervene more rapidly in schools rated by Ofsted as "inadequate" or "coasting" and speed up the process of converting failing comprehensive schools into academies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The measures in the Bill are also designed to speed up the adoption process by the Secretary of State requiring local authorities to make arrangements for their adoption functions (recruitment, assessment and approval) to be carried out by another adoption agency. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the context of technological innovations, the adoption process is also influenced by one or several new technologies that are incorporated in the new product. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, new technologies suggest four types of innovations with unique characteristics that are likely to affect the adoption process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption is often thought of as a beautiful process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chapter Two sets out the legislative framework behind the adoption process in Scotland. (wikipedia.org)
  • To remedy these potential deficits, the adoptive family is encouraged to seek pre-adoption counseling and preparation, as well as access supportive services after the adoption in order to facilitate comprehensive medical screening and care, as well as optimize preventive and remedial efforts to minimize developmental and emotional-behavioral disabilities. (springer.com)
  • In the past when an American birth mother would go to an adoption agency to give up her child that agency took full responsibility in selecting the adoptive family, with the birth mother playing no role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the late 1990s, private agency adoptions involving newborns are mainly open and involve direct contact between birth parent(s) and the adoptive family, as in independent adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public agency adoptions, however, are often closed, with little or no contact between the birth family and the adoptive family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption is changing the way people form families, as well as affecting the way society perceives the fundamental concepts of life such as nature and nurture and the role of biological relations with an adoptive family member. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth mothers in open or mediated adoptions may be presented with more identity issues as they interact with the adoptive family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adoption can include some communication between the birth mother and adoptive family. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes a six month integration period after a prospective adoptive child is placed in the home, and before the adoption can be finalized by the court. (state.gov)
  • All prospective homes will be subject to a pre adoption visit and post adoption check. (google.com)
  • EVALUATION OF ADOPTEE AND PROSPECTIVE ADOPTIVE PARENT § 3-601 Evaluation during proceeding for adoption § 3-602 Content of evaluation § 3-603 Time and filing of evaluation PART 7. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Council for Adoption, Adoption Fact Book, 2000. (springer.com)
  • One of the rare public accounts of a disruption took place in 2000 when the CBS News program 48 Hours told the story of Jesse and Crystal Money, an Atlanta-area couple who ultimately decided to disrupt the adoption of their nine-year-old Russian-born daughter and return her to the orphanage in Moscow she had previously lived in. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histoire des francs-maçons en France, Privately Published Vol 2, 2000 ISBN 2-7089-6839-4 La Grande Loge Féminine de France Autoportrait, Collectif, Guy Trédaniel éditeur, 1995 D. Ligou, op. cit. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2000 census was the first census in which adoption statistics were collected. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the USCIS website on the impact on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications under the UAA , including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the Convention home study requirements, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014. (state.gov)
  • Pursuant to Article 6 of the Convention, the CCAA is the Central Authority responsible for all inter-country adoptions in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Government of Mozambique requires post-adoption monitoring until the child reaches 21 years of age. (state.gov)
  • This may mean that foreigners will be expected to meet the same pre- and post-adoption monitoring requirements as Mozambican families, which may become an obstacle if the court decides the child cannot be monitored outside of Mozambique. (state.gov)
  • Post Adoption Depression Is a Scary B*tch. (chicagonow.com)
  • Our goal is for this model to bridge the gap between the theoretical and empirical studies of technology adoption and economic growth. (nber.org)
  • First of all, we use our model to show how one unified theoretical framework is broadly consistent with the observed dynamics of both economic growth as well as of many different measures of technology adoption, like adoption rates, capital to output ratios, and output ratios. (nber.org)
  • The technology adoption lifecycle is a sociological model that describes the adoption or acceptance of a new product or innovation, according to the demographic and psychological characteristics of defined adopter groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sandra Vannoy and Prashant Palvia developed a theoretical model called the "Social Influence Model" that investigates technology adoption at a societal or communal level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technology adoption is typically measured on two factors: embedment and embracement in daily life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technology adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of these problems had stemmed from an earlier bill, the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980, although they had not been anticipated when that law was passed, as states decided to interpret that law as requiring biological families be kept together no matter what. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (AACWA) was enacted by the US Government on June 17, 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adoption in which birth and adoptive families have no contact and know only non-identifying information about each other. (nacac.org)
  • Please see the Birth/Adoption Information on the Benefits website. (northwestern.edu)
  • After a decline in the social stigma surrounding adoption, many Western countries changed laws to allow for the release of formerly secret birth information, usually with limitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • BIRTH CERTIFICATE § 3-801 Report of adoption § 3-802 Issuance of new birth certificate ARTICLE 4. (wikipedia.org)
  • Terms included in HAL include the original terms that were used before PAL, including "natural mother", "Mother" and "surrendered for adoption", "own child" rather than "birth child" etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • This act, when implemented, will unseal adoption records, allowing individuals to take the initiative of contacting birth relatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of adoption on the birth mother are the stigmatizations and psychological effects women may experience when they place their child for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inspired by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's On Death and Dying, the author attempts to show how those who have experienced the death of a loved one may be psychologically similar to a birth mother who has placed her child for adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Placing a child for adoption may also prompt identity issues in birth mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Placing a child for adoption does not mean a birth mother will never be able to contact the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some birth mothers may have difficulty forming and maintaining relationships post an adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some birth mothers may try to replace the loss quickly by beginning a new relationship, or giving birth again-without dealing with the grief of the adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA, Public Law 105-89) was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 19, 1997, after having been approved by the United States Congress earlier in the month. (wikipedia.org)