Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Attitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.United StatesOrphanages: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Technology Transfer: Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Electronic Prescribing: The use of COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS to store and transmit medical PRESCRIPTIONS.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Practice Management, Medical: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Public Law No: 111-5, enacted February 2009, makes supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Technology, High-Cost: Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.Evidence-Based Practice: A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.Medical Order Entry Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, that enable providers to initiate medical procedures, prescribe medications, etc. These systems support medical decision-making and error-reduction during patient care.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Ambulatory Care Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Physicians' Offices: The room or rooms in which the physician and staff provide patient care. The offices include all rooms in the physician's office suite.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Hospital Information Systems: Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Medical Informatics Applications: Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Reimbursement Mechanisms: Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Biomedical Technology: The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.Patient Access to Records: The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.Group Practice: Any group of three or more full-time physicians organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.American Hospital Association: A professional society in the United States whose membership is composed of hospitals.Office Automation: Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Computers, Handheld: A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Decision Support Systems, Clinical: Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.Medical Laboratory Science: The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Institutional Management Teams: Administrator-selected management groups who are responsible for making decisions pertaining to the provision of integrated direction for various institutional functions.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Europe, EasternInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Buprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Total Quality Management: The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.Psychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Workflow: Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Medication Systems, Hospital: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.NebraskaSocial Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.Reimbursement, Incentive: A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Quality Improvement: The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Patient Safety: Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.Hospital Administration: Management of the internal organization of the hospital.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.ColoradoPrivate Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Genetics, Behavioral: The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Home Care Agencies: Public or private organizations that provide, either directly or through arrangements with other organizations, home health services in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Reflexotherapy: Treatment of some morbid condition by producing a reflex action, as in the household treatment of nosebleed by a piece of ice applied to the cervical spine. (Stedman, 27th ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Patient-Centered Care: Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Hospital Administrators: Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Economics, Hospital: Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Credentialing: The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Hospital Planning: Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Hospitals, Rural: Hospitals located in a rural area.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Health Level Seven: An American National Standards Institute-accredited organization working on specifications to support development and advancement of clinical and administrative standards for healthcare.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Social Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Risk Sharing, Financial: Any system which allows payors to share some of the financial risk associated with a particular patient population with providers. Providers agree to adhere to fixed fee schedules in exchange for an increase in their payor base and a chance to benefit from cost containment measures. Common risk-sharing methods are prospective payment schedules (PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM), capitation (CAPITATION FEES), diagnosis-related fees (DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUPS), and pre-negotiated fees.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Firefighters: Professional or volunteer members of a fire department who are trained to suppress fire and respond to related emergency.Computer Literacy: Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
(1/279) How can we boost IQs of "dull children"?: A late adoption study.

From 5,003 files of adopted children, 65 deprived children, defined as abused and/or neglected during infancy, were strictly selected with particular reference to two criteria: (i) They were adopted between 4 and 6 years of age, and (ii) they had an IQ <86 (mean = 77, SD = 6.3) before adoption. The average IQs of adopted children in lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES) families were 85 (SD = 17) and 98 (SD = 14.6), respectively, at adolescence (mean age = 13.5 years). The results show (i) a significant gain in IQ dependent on the SES of the adoptive families (mean = 7.7 and mean = 19.5 IQ points in low and high SES, respectively), (ii) IQs after adoption are significantly correlated with IQs before adoption, and (iii) during adolescence, verbal IQs are significantly lower than performance IQs.  (+info)

(2/279) Adoption: a forgotten paediatric speciality.

OBJECTIVE: To study the medical, emotional, and developmental profile of children being considered for permanent substitute care. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 100 adoption/permanency medicals. SETTING: All children considered by the adoption and permanency panel in Greenwich, south east London, between 1994 and 1998. OUTCOME MEASURES: Analysis of medical reports completed using the British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering form C (under 5 years) or form D (over 5 years). These include the details of a physical examination, including vision, hearing, height, and weight; emotional and behavioural concerns expressed by the foster carer and school progress. RESULTS: These children have complex needs. Only 31 of the 100 children were considered unlikely to have significant medical, developmental, or emotional problems. CONCLUSIONS: Adoption medical work is becoming more specialised. Healthcare commissioners should establish minimum standards for the doctors involved in this work. As the NHS moves towards becoming a more primary care led organisation, this small service must not be forgotten. The NHS devotes few resources and little training to adoption. The medical input required to support adoption and fostering services should be recognised as a specialist paediatric service and adequately resourced.  (+info)

(3/279) Elevated blood lead levels among internationally adopted children--United States, 1998.

Lead poisoning has been reported recently among Chinese children adopted by U.S. citizens. However, little is known about the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adoptees from China and other countries. Persistent sources of lead exposure outside the United States include leaded gasoline exhaust; industrial emissions; cottage industries (e.g., battery breaking and recycling plants); traditional medicines; and some cosmetics, ceramic ware, and foods. In 1998, approximately 15,000 orphans from countries outside the United States who were adopted abroad or were to be adopted in the United States by U.S. citizens were issued U.S. immigrant visas-a nearly two-fold increase over 1988 (L. Lewis, Immigrant and Visa Control and Reporting Division, VISA Office, Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. State Department, personal communication, August 1999). Some orphans have been abandoned for extended periods and have no obtainable medical history. Immigrants aged <15 years are not required to have serologic or blood tests either in their country of origin or on entry into the United States unless exposure to syphilis or human immunodeficiency virus is suspected. To obtain reports on the prevalence of elevated BLLs (> or =10 microg/dL) among international adoptees, CDC contacted 12 international adoption medical specialists identified through the Joint Council on International Children's Services and two collaborating medical specialists. This report summarizes the results of that investigation, which suggest that international adoptees may arrive in the United States with elevated BLLs.  (+info)

(4/279) Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a measles complication, in an internationally adopted child.

A healthy 13-year-old boy who had spent the first 4.5 years of his life in an orphanage in Thailand before adoption by an American couple became ill with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and died several months later. The boy had most likely contracted wild-type measles in Thailand. Measles complications are a risk in international adoptions.  (+info)

(5/279) The importance of a genetic link in mothers commissioning a surrogate baby in the UK.

Reproductive technologies have enabled genetic and gestational links between parents and children to become separate from social relationships and inter-personal ties within families. The meaning of family is discussed, by drawing on research with infertile women who become parents as the result of surrogacy. The complexities of family are highlighted by addressing the consequences of babies carried and delivered by women who are not the biological parents of the child, or by women who are the biological mother of the child but who relinquish their genetic material to another woman. In all, 29 women completed a questionnaire on various aspects of their infertility, surrogacy, and the importance of a genetic link. The study identified some characteristics of women who have become mothers as a result of surrogacy, and some of their reactions to this way of creating families. In general, women who could use their own genetic material tended to believe a genetic link was important. Those who could not use their own genetic material were less uniform in their beliefs about the importance of a genetic link. The cognitive dissonance observed in this population has implications for the future of reproductive technology assisting couples in becoming a family with or without genetic relatedness.  (+info)

(6/279) Interpretations, perspectives and intentions in surrogate motherhood.

In this paper we examine the questions "What does it mean to be a surrogate mother?" and "What would be an appropriate perspective for a surrogate mother to have on her pregnancy?" In response to the objection that such contracts are alienating or dehumanising since they require women to suppress their evolving perspective on their pregnancies, liberal supporters of surrogate motherhood argue that the freedom to contract includes the freedom to enter a contract to bear a child for an infertile couple. After entering the contract the surrogate may not be free to interpret her pregnancy as that of a non-surrogate mother, but there is more than one appropriate way of interpreting one's pregnancy. To restrict or ban surrogacy contracts would be to prohibit women from making other particular interpretations of their pregnancies they may wish to make, requiring them to live up to a culturally constituted image of ideal motherhood. We examine three interpretations of a "surrogate pregnancy" that are implicit in the views and arguments put forward by ethicists, surrogacy agencies, and surrogate mothers themselves. We hope to show that our concern in this regard goes beyond the view that surrogacy contracts deny or suppress the natural, instinctive or conventional interpretation of pregnancy.  (+info)

(7/279) The primary care physician's role in caring for internationally adopted children.

The rate of international adoption in the United States has been increasing. Internationally. adopted children have various medical, psychological, and developmental issues that need to be evaluated and addressed by primary care physicians. Full histories and physical examinations, developmental assessments, and screening tests are necessary for such children. Family concerns and cultural differences between the child and the adoptive family need to be addressed as well.  (+info)

(8/279) Specificity and heterogeneity in children's responses to profound institutional privation.

BACKGROUND: The sequelae of profound early privation are varied. AIMS: To delineate the behavioural patterns that are specifically associated with institutional privation. METHOD: A group of 165 children adopted from Romania before the age of 42 months were compared at 4 years and 6 years with 52 non-deprived UK children adopted in infancy. Dysfunction was assessed for seven domains of functioning. The groups were compared on which, and how many, domains were impaired. RESULTS: Attachment problems, inattention/overactivity, quasi-autistic features and cognitive impairment were associated with institutional privation, but emotional difficulties, poor peer relationships and conduct problems were not. Nevertheless, one-fifth of children who spent the longest time in institutions showed normal functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Attachment disorder behaviours, inattention/overactivity and quasi-autistic behaviour constitute institutional privation patterns.  (+info)

*  Institutionalization of children with disabilities in Russia
In post-adoption analysis, the study found that 60.4% of adopting parents reported "no continuing medical or developmental ... In a 2005 study of 105 "Postinstitutionalized Children of Intercountry Adoption" more than half of them adopted in the United ... Meese, Ruth (September 2005). "A Few New Children: Postinstitutionalized Children of Intercountry Adoption". The Journal of ... its authors stated that much more information must be gathered to assess the changes adoption makes in the development and ...
*  Cooperative Research Centre
... cooperative public-private research centres that achieve high levels of outcomes in adoption and commercialisation. The program ...
*  Adoption
... of adoptions are estimated to have been arranged privately. Foster care adoption: this is a type of domestic adoption where a ... sometimes called respectful adoption language (RAL)), and honest adoption language (HAL). In the 1970s, as adoption search and ... Adoption Statistics Christine Adamec and William Pierce, The Encyclopedia of Adoption, 2nd Edition, 2000 Ellen Herman, Adoption ... "Positive Adoption Language" (PAL) and "Respectful Adoption Language" (RAL). The terms contained in "Positive Adoption Language ...
*  Adoption Covenant
"Adoption Covenant of Lubbock Named Angel In Adoption By Randy Neugebauer". KFYO (AM). Retrieved 15 August 2013. "Local adoption ... and as a result of this received the Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute's 2012 Congressional Angel in Adoption Award ... Adoption Covenant is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization formed in 2003 in Lubbock, Texas by Merinda K. Condra. It became a ... At that time, it was reported that Adoption Covenant had been involved in helping over 300 children find their forever homes. ...
*  Disruption (adoption)
Tristan's adoption was struck off the Register of Foreign Adoptions held by the Irish Adoption Board and Suryani was appointed ... the adoption "hadn't worked out." At that stage, his adoption had been recognised by the Irish Adoption Board and he had been ... Disruption is ending an adoption. While technically an adoption is disrupted only when it is abandoned by the adopting parent ... Some adoption agencies and facilitators have even begun specializing in post-disruption placements. If the child was placed ...
*  Adoption fraud
... also known as illegal adoption can be defined as when a person or institute attempts to either illegally adopt a ... It can be quite difficult to obtain accurate statistics concerning adoption fraud. However, below is a sample "603 adoptions ... Bernardo, Sanford M. (31 December 2012). "Internet Adoption Scams and the Russian Adoption Ban". Adoptimist. Retrieved 3 June ... an unlicensed adoption agency used by its longtime director Georgia Tann as a front for black market adoptions. An ...
*  Open adoption
History of Adoption: Closed Adoption, National Adoption Center, retrieved 2008-05-02 Closed Adoption, SharedJourney, retrieved ... Adoption Closed adoption Putative father registry Yngvesson, Barbara (Spring 2003), "Going 'Home': Adoption, Loss of Bearings, ... Open adoption is a form of adoption in which the biological and adoptive families have access to varying degrees of each ... Although open adoptions are thought to be a relatively new phenomenon, in fact most adoptions in the United States were open ...
*  Adoption 2002
Based on the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997, the aim of the program was to lower barriers to adoption and double the ... The name "Adoption 2002" was first used for a report requested by President Bill Clinton by executive memorandum on December 14 ... The Adoption 2002 Initiative was a program instituted in the United States during the late 1990s by the Clinton Administration ... rate of adoption of children in foster care by 2002 from a 1996 figure of 27,000 to a 2002 figure of 54,000. ...
*  Greyhound adoption
The Greyhound adoption movement grew out of a concern by a diverse community of people about the welfare among dogs in the ... Australia's Directory of Greyhounds Available for Adoption Greyhound Connection Maritime Greyhound Adoption Program Greyhounds ... Several adoption groups use pet boarding kennels, which are similar to those used by the tracks in the United States. These ... Greyhound adoption or Greyhound rescue programs focus on finding homes for Greyhounds who are no longer needed for racing. In ...
*  Parallel adoption
Phased adoption and Pilot adoption. Product Software Adoption: Big Bang Adoption/Plunge Adoption: A big-bang adoption entails ... Product Software Adoption: Big Bang Adoption Phased adoption Adoption (software implementation) Regatta: adoption method Change ... The three other adoption methods are: Product Software Adoption: Big Bang Adoption (Also known as Direct Conversion, slam dunk ... Besides parallel adoption, three other generic kinds of adoption can be identified. The choice for a specific adoption method ...
*  Adoption study
Adoption studies that followed have had similar results. The twin, adoption, and family studies have been a common method to ... Adoption study's are meant to evaluate genetic and environmental influences on phenotype. Although adoption study is a topic ... Adoption studies are typically used together with twin studies when estimating heritability. There are two adoption study ... In 2015 an adoption study that compared Swedish male-male full-sibships in which at least one member was reared by one or more ...
*  Plenary adoption
... (French: adoption plénièreJapanese: 特別養子縁組Korean: 친양자 입양) is an alternate form of adoption which terminates ... French nationality law History of French nationality "Adoption Glossary: Plenary adoption". Archived from the original on 16 ...
*  Phased adoption
Thus they chose a phased approach: "Hence, a phased adoption to us, offered the greatest chance of success, staff adoption, and ... However, the actual adoption of the system by the users can be more problematic. The system may work just fine but if it is not ... As can be seen in figure 1, phased adoption has a loop in it. Every department that is to be connected to the system is going ... Phased adoption makes it possible to introduce modules that are ready whilst programming the other future modules. This does ...
*  Adoption (theology)
Adoption as a theological term introduces a relational dimension to the consequences of salvation. Adoption as a theological ... Adoption, in Christian theology, is the admission of a believer into the family of God. In the evangelical ordo salutis ("order ... As a theological word, adoption has similar connotations to the act of legally placing a child with a parent or parents other ... Adoption was an important feature of Reformation theology as demonstrated by article 12 of the Westminster Confession of Faith ...
*  Adoption detective
... s need to retain a perspicacious mind to master the elegant art of detection, and remain ever vigilant to the ... The Adoption Triangle. Triadoption Publications, 1978. Lifton, Betty Jean. Twice Born: Memoirs of an Adopted Daughter. McGraw- ... An adoption detective is an individual who researches biological and genetic connections between individuals. They conduct ... Investigations conducted by adoption detectives have potential to result in lengthy arduous or convoluted worldwide ...
*  Interracial adoption
Adoption Services Worldwide Interracially/ Bi-Racial Adoptions] Adoption History AICAN - Australian Intercountry ... Interracial adoption is not the same as transcultural or international adoption though in some circumstances an adoption may be ... Interracial adoption (also referred to as transracial adoption) refers to the act of placing a child of one racial or ethnic ... Interracial adoption grew significantly from 1999 to 2005 where it reached its peak year at 585 adoptions to the United States ...
*  Saturday Adoption CBS Playhouse: Saturday Adoption CBS Playhouse: Saturday Adoption IMDb: CBS Playhouse: Saturday Adoption ... Saturday Adoption is a television play broadcast in 1968 as part of the CBS Playhouse series. The play tells the story of a ...
*  Adoption & Fostering
... is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on adoption and foster care. Its editor-in ... It was established in 1977 and is published by Sage Publications on behalf of the British Association for Adoption and ... Official website British Association for Adoption & Fostering website. ...
*  Forced adoption
... is the practice of forcefully taking children from their parents and placing them for adoption. It may refer to ... Forced adoption in Australia Forced adoption in the United Kingdom. ...
*  Adoption disclosure
Closed adoption Adoption Information Disclosure Act American Adoption Congress AAC Bastard Nation Adoption Disclosure Register ... Many adoption reunion registries have been created since the 1950s, from those that are part of adoption search and support ... Adoption disclosure refers to the official release of information relating to the legal adoption of a child. Throughout much of ... Though adoption is an ancient practice, the notion of formal laws intended to solidify the adoption by restricting information ...
*  Adult adoption
This form of adoption is known as mukoyōshi ("son-in-law adoption"). Adult adoption may also be used in some jurisdictions by ... "Adoption and Children Act 2002". Section 49 (4). "Article 1 Adoption - Adults, Section 14-1-101 "Adoption ... The Adoption and Children Act (2002) states, "An application for an adoption order may only be made if the person to be adopted ... Adult adoption is a form of adoption between 2 or more adults in order to transfer inheritance rights and/or filiation. Adult ...
*  Adoption law
National, or domestic, adoption laws deal with issues such as step-parent adoption, adoption by cohabitees, adoption by single ... legal rules applying to adoption (step-parent adoption, adoption by cohabitees, adoption by single parents and same-sex parents ... intercountry adoption versus national adoption).... " Cynthia R. Mabry, Lisa Kelly Adoption Law: Theory, Policy and Practice ... Adoption law is the generic area of legal theory, policy making, legal practice and legal studies relating to law on adoption. ...
*  Heraldic adoption
... (Polish: Adopcja herbowa, "adoption under the coat of arms") was, since the 14th-century, a procedure of ... To prevent any abuses, since the middle of the 16th century every adoption had to be approved by the Polish Sejm (parliament). ... A notable case of heraldic adoption was the integration of the boyars of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into the ranks of the ...
*  Adoption Act
... 1958 (1958 c.5) Adoption Act 1960 (1960 c.59) Adoption Act 1964 (1964 c.57) Adoption Act 1968 (1968 c.53) Adoption ... Adoption Act may refer to the short titles of several Acts of Parliament relating to adoption: ...
*  3G adoption
3G mobile telephony was relatively slow to be adopted globally. In some instances, 3G networks do not use the same radio frequencies as 2G so mobile operators must build entirely new networks and license entirely new frequencies, especially so to achieve high data transmission rates. Other delays were due to the expenses of upgrading transmission hardware, especially for UMTS, whose deployment required the replacement of most broadcast towers. Due to these issues and difficulties with deployment, many carriers were not able to or delayed acquisition of these updated capabilities. In December 2007, 190 3G networks were operating in 40 countries and 154 HSDPA networks were operating in 71 countries, according to the Global Mobile Suppliers Association (GSA). In Asia, Europe, Canada and the USA, telecommunication companies use W-CDMA technology with the support of around 100 terminal designs to operate 3G mobile networks. Roll-out of 3G networks was delayed in some countries by the enormous costs ...
Research-China.Org: Domestic Adoption in Chinas Orphanages  Research-China.Org: Domestic Adoption in China's Orphanages
a) high adoption fees. b) limiting adoptions to local residents only. c) disallowing the adoption of healthy babies. This bias ... Domestic adoption in China is largely concentrated in healthy infants. Adoption still carries a bit of a negative social stigma ... The change in domestic adoption law was an important change in the dynamics of China adoption. I would, however, like to see ... I believe that Domestic adoptions should be priotiy #1 to China, but at the same time...are all of the domestic adoptions ...
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Medical Foster Homes: An exciting alternative to Nursing home care | GeriPal - Geriatrics and Palliative Care Blog  Medical Foster Homes: An exciting alternative to Nursing home care | GeriPal - Geriatrics and Palliative Care Blog
This is a great program, but one which so far has had limited adoption in California. This may be partially because of ...
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Adoption Questionnaire  Adoption Questionnaire
Our adoption contract may state you will need to take your new dog to training classes within 3 months of adoption - can you ... Are you aware that the dog you are applying for has an adoption donation of $350‐650 and will require a visit to your home? * ... If found to be untrue at any time, even following adoption, the dog may be reclaimed at no expense to Almost Home Bulldog ... Further, by applying for the adoption of a dog, I hereby give permission to my Veterinarian, my personal reference, and ...
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Adoption Questionnaire  Adoption Questionnaire
Our adoption questionnaire is not binding in any way, nor does it reserve or 'hold' a dog. Our responsibility is to find the ... This form was created inside of Animal Adoption Center. Report Abuse - Terms of Service ...
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Adoption | SpringerLink  Adoption | SpringerLink
Adoption has become a socially accepted means by which a family grows, whether by choice, or where biological and psychosocial ... National Adoption Attitudes Survey. Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption. Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. 2002 Jun.Google ... Adoption and the effect on children's development. Early Hum Dev. 2002;68:39-44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Prenatal alcohol and drug exposures in adoption. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005;52:1369-93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ...
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Chesebrough Adoption Project  Chesebrough Adoption Project
God is in the process of building our family through adoption, and we are thrilled to announce that God has chosen a son for us ... On Saturday, April 13, 2013, our friends will be hosting a 5K (about 3 miles) run/walk to help us raise money for our adoption ... We found out in September of 2012 that our son, Matthew, was available for adoption in Hong Kong. Matthew is 10 years old, and ...
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Adoption Form/Registry  Adoption Form/Registry
Adoption Links. Adopted Senshi Links. Birth Certificates. Link Me!. Your Name:. E-Mail:. URL:. Which Senshi?. Sehnshi's Name:( ...
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Hungary Intercountry Adoption Information  Hungary Intercountry Adoption Information
Post-Adoption Reporting Requirements. Hungary requires a detailed post-adoption report two months after the adoption is ... In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your adoption service provider will ... Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Hungary to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... There are no adoption agencies or adoption centers in Hungary for intercountry adoptions. Prospective adoptive parents, ...
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Brazil Intercountry Adoption Information  Brazil Intercountry Adoption Information
Adoption Statistics Adoptions from Brazil to U.S. by Year: Adoption Statistics. ... Only after completing these steps, can you proceed to finalize the adoption or grant of custody for the purposes of adoption in ... Post-adoption requirements:. *Brazilian legislation requires ASPs to send post-adoption follow-up reports to CEJA and ACAF on ... What does Brazil require of the adoptive parents after the adoption?. *According to Brazilian law, there are post-adoption ...
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adoption: a gathering  adoption: a gathering
... a gathering is a space where the conversation between the members of the adoption triad; adoptive families birthparents, and ... to think about adoption, to talk about adoption, and to define adoption.. This is the place for breaking down barriers within ... Recently, we've brought adoption out into the open with activists and talk shows, open records and open adoptions. Adoption is ... adoption: a gathering is a space where our conversation can grow and deepen. It's also a space where we, the adoption community ...
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Adoption Stories | POV | PBS  Adoption Stories | POV | PBS
POV features three films about adoption - Wo Ai Ni (I Love You) Mommy by Stephanie Wang-Breal; Off and Running by Nicole Opper ... Three films about adoption - Wo Ai Ni (I Love You) Mommy by Stephanie Wang-Breal; Off and Running by Nicole Opper; and In the ...
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Adoption in America : NPR  Adoption in America : NPR
... four families and adoptees reflect on their experiences with adoption, and share the stories that define who they have become. ... Adoption in America In a series of conversations, four families and adoptees reflect on their experiences with adoption, and ...
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Adoption in America : NPR  Adoption in America : NPR
... four families and adoptees reflect on their experiences with adoption, and share the stories that define who they have become. ... Adoption in America In a series of conversations, four families and adoptees reflect on their experiences with adoption, and ...
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Adoption Awareness
 · Causes  Adoption Awareness · Causes
Raise awareness of adoption NO DONATIONS REQUESTED! This isn't a fundraising cause, just one that aims to raise awareness of ... National Adoption Week. Hello to all members of the Adoption Awareness cause. Just a reminder that 10th-16th November is ... Raise awareness of adoption NO DONATIONS REQUESTED! This isn't a fundraising cause, just one that aims to raise awareness of ... Lots of events are going on including After Adoption's Big Breakfast. Take a look at their site and national press for more… ...
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Cover crop adoption | UDaily  Cover crop adoption | UDaily
Cover crop adoption. Duke said one reason farmers might hesitate to adopt cover crops is that the times they are planted could ... Duke said that policy makers will be able to take the results of the study and look at how they can get better adoption rates ... "The hope is that by making the contracts more amenable to farmers, we can end up getting far more adoption at a lower cost," ... UD researchers look at programs to incentivize cover crop adoption among growers. Federal and state agencies have been offering ...
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Pets for adoption  Pets for adoption
... Shasta Rose is a 4 year old, 13 pound, black with white, short haired Chihuahua/Dachshund. She is quiet, ... Adoptions are 11 a.m.-2:30 p.m. Saturdays at PetSmart, 11132 Abercorn St. Foster pets are socialized in homes, current on ... Since Molly has been with us so long, she's a member of our Lonely Hearts Club, so her adoption fee is reduced. ... Open for viewing/adoptions 1 p.m.-4 p.m. daily. Call 912-484-4438 for information. ...
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Pets for adoption  Pets for adoption
... Logan has been blind for 2 of his 11 years and is a handsome owner surrender from a military family who ... Adoptions are 11 a.m.-2:30 p.m. Saturdays at PetSmart, 11132 Abercorn St. Foster pets are socialized in homes, current on ... Open for viewing and adoptions 1-4 p.m. daily. Call 912-484-4438 for information. ...
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Adoption | ASPE  Adoption | ASPE
The Adoption Process THREE PRIMARY WAYS TO ADOPT IN THE UNITED STATES Foster care adoption : Children adopted from foster care ... Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Introduction This Chartbook presents findings ... Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Acknowledgements Any large scale research ... Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Interpreting Differences Among Percentages ...
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Adoption Definitions  Adoption Definitions
Adoption Assistance *Advocating for Adoption Assistance. *US Adoption Assistance/Subsidy *Key Topics in Adoption Assistance/ ... Adoption Assistance/ Adoption Subsidies. Adoption Tax Credit. NACAC Conference. Minnesota Adoption Support Network. Parent ... Agency Adoption An adoption completed with assistance from an organization of licensed, trained adoption professionals. ... Adoption Definitions. The North American Council on Adoptable Children. Find Answers. How to Adopt. Adoption Definitions. ...
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Adoption stories  Adoption stories
Fostering for Adoption. If you are looking to adopt a younger child, you may wish to find out more about fostering for adoption ...
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Abortion vs. Adoption -...  'Abortion vs. Adoption' -...
During the past several weeks I have read thousands of words written about the subject of abortion--words that agonize over the rights of a woman, of society, of the unborn child and the obligation
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Adoption Regulation  Adoption Regulation
Consent to adoption. 9 (1) For the purpose of section 16 (1) of the Act, the affidavit of consent to adoption of a child in ... Post-adoption openness registry. 20. Incapacity of adopted person or pre-adoption parent to file veto or no-contact declaration ... Post-adoption openness registry. 19 (1) A registry is established to be known as the post-adoption openness registry. ... PRE-ADOPTION PARENTS' INFORMATION:. [Complete the following for each pre-adoption parent other than the parent who is making ...
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Project News - Google Adoption Site  Project News - Google Adoption Site
Mobile Setup Detailed instruction for setting up mobile devices with Google Apps can be found on the RFU Google User Adoption ...
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Adoption China Mugs - CafePress  Adoption China Mugs - CafePress
Start the morning right with Adoption China Mugs from CafePress. Browse tons of unique designs or create your own custom coffee ... Does your mug make a statement? Express yourself with unique Adoption China Mugs from CafePress. If you want to express your ...
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Pre-Adoption Parents - The Washington Post  Pre-Adoption Parents - The Washington Post
The Heidigs are among the few white couples in Prince George's who regularly care for black infants awaiting adoption. They ...
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  • We urge prospective adoptive parents residing abroad who are considering adoption of a child from the United States to consult with Hungary's Central Authority, Ministry of Human Capacities, Department for Demographic and Children's Affairs, for its determination as to whether it considers your adoption to be subject to the Convention. (
  • Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Convention countries continue to be processed under the Orphan Process with the filing of the Forms I-600A and I 600. (
  • However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the USCIS website on the impact on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications under the UAA , including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the Convention home study requirements, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014. (
  • The adoption legislation was heavily reformed in late 2007 to become compliant with the Hague Convention, and international adoptions effectively ceased in 2008. (
  • Our adoption contract may state you will need to take your new dog to training classes within 3 months of adoption - can you comply with this request? (
  • I understand that during the 10 days following signing this Adoption Contract Pet Haven will provide advice for resolving behavior problems and will allow the animal to be returned and the adoption fee refunded. (
  • Accordingly, I will notify Pet Haven promptly of any health or behavior concerns during the first 10 days following the signing of this Adoption Contract. (
  • If an illness or condition other than those mentioned above is suspected, I may have my veterinarian diagnose and treat the condition at my expense or I can return the animal within 10 days of signing this Adoption Contract and receive a refund of the Adoption Fee. (
  • I understand that a licensed veterinarian has examined this animal on behalf of Pet Haven prior to my signing this Adoption Contract. (
  • The Contract with America document released during the 1994 election campaign included a proposed Family Reenforcement Act which included language about tax incentives for adoption. (
  • If you are looking to adopt a younger child, you may wish to find out more about fostering for adoption . (
  • It was established in 1977 and is published by Sage Publications on behalf of the British Association for Adoption and Fostering. (
  • But fewer than 60 of these adoptions were carried out through state channels", meaning that in some regions of the world up to 90% of adoptions share the potential of being illegal. (
  • After a decline in the social stigma surrounding adoption, many Western countries changed laws to allow for the release of formerly secret birth information, usually with limitations. (
  • Other adoptive families are also eligible for the credit, but must have (and be able to document, if requested by the IRS) qualified adoption expenses. (
  • Section 36C of the United States Internal Revenue code offers a credit for "qualified adoption expenses" paid or incurred by individual taxpayers. (
  • The tax credit is claimed on IRS form 8839 Qualified Adoption Expenses. (
  • Most adoption agencies in the US since the early 1990s have offered some, or complete, openness. (
  • If the child was placed privately, either through a lawyer or an adoption agency, that party is usually required by law to ensure a second placement of the child. (
  • An unsuccessful attempt was made to place the child or youth without adoption (financial) assistance, except in cases where such a placement would not have been in the best interests of the child or youth. (
  • Agency adoption first requires that the adoptive parent have a home study completed prior to the placement of a child. (
  • For six months following the adoptive placement, the agency supervises the placement, and then can write to the court to approve the adoption. (
  • The Government of Mozambique requires post-adoption monitoring until the child reaches 21 years of age. (
  • This may mean that foreigners will be expected to meet the same pre- and post-adoption monitoring requirements as Mozambican families, which may become an obstacle if the court decides the child cannot be monitored outside of Mozambique. (
  • A passive registry or adoption reunion registry is a double-blind list, in which participants may opt to join. (
  • In contrast, in April 2005, the state-run National Adoption Contact Preference Register was launched in Ireland with a national radio and newspaper advertising campaign, and included an application form for the registry being delivered to every household. (
  • Colombia is therefore the second largest country of origin, followed by Ukraine with 426 adoptions, Brazil with 318, Ethiopia with 274, Vietnam with 251 and Poland with 193. (
  • Federal and state agencies have been offering farmers economic incentives to adopt best management practices (BMPs) to help deliver environmental services from agriculture, and yet adoption - though increasing - lags behind government targets. (
  • Federal or state payments in the US/provincial payments in Canada and other benefits designed to offset the short- and long-term costs of adopting eligible children who have been determined by the government to be harder to play for adoption. (
  • A state, regional, provincial, or national organization with information about children who are waiting for adoption within the state, region, or nation. (
  • Some states also have state adoption tax credit. (
  • Many adoption reunion registries have been created since the 1950s, from those that are part of adoption search and support group membership services, to internet registries and state sponsored registries. (
  • In an agency adoption, the agency must be licensed by the State of California. (
  • U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Brunei should contact the adoption authority of Brunei to inquire about applicable laws and procedures. (
  • Adoption laws in some countries may be affected by religious considerations such as adoption in Islam. (
  • An adoption detective is an individual who researches biological and genetic connections between individuals. (
  • Important: U.S.-based adoption agencies must be registered with the Hungarian Central Authority. (
  • Good adoption agencies and attorneys do this in a pressure-free setting where no one is encouraged to make an immediate decision. (
  • In 2006 there were 11,000 couples in Italy on the waiting lists of various adoption agencies. (
  • Private agencies focus primarily on newborn placements, like independent adoption, but many also serve waiting children. (
  • The provisions of this title, with a few exceptions are to be "liberally construed in the best interests of any child for whom a petition [for adoption] has been filed under said sections. (