An infant during the first month after birth.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
A chain of islands, cays, and reefs in the West Indies, lying southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. It is an independent state, called also the Commonwealth of the Bahamas or the Bahama Islands. The name likely represents the local name Guanahani, itself of uncertain origin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p106 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The interactions between parent and child.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
Sexual activities of humans.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Educational institutions.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Female parents, human or animal.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A person's view of himself.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Interaction between the father and the child.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Male parents, human or animal.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
Aggressive behavior intended to cause harm or distress. The behavior may be physical or verbal. There is typically an imbalance of power, strength, or status between the target and the aggressor.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
Longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood. (from accessed 08/2012)
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
... are branches of pediatrics and pediatric surgery that focus on the treatment of newborn infants (less than one month of age) ... Besides the general risk that any surgery bears, there is also a risk to the health of the mother's uterus, potentially ... and children and adolescents ... The risk of premature labor is increased by concomitant risk ... Tocolytics are generally given to prevent labor;[2] however, these should be given if the risk is higher for the fetus inside ...
... care of newborns, especially high-risk ones), maternal-fetal medicine (care of high-risk pregnancies), and pediatric surgery. ... involving surgery on infants, toddlers, and children and adolescents MOMS Trial Spina bifida NAFTNet Samuel Armas Meuli-Simmen ... Besides the general risk that any surgery bears, there is also a risk to the health of the mother's uterus, potentially ... The risk of premature labor is increased by concomitant risk factors such as multiple gestation, a history of maternal smoking ...
Adolescent mothers are at an increased risk of developing certain complications, including preterm birth and low infant birth ... are among those commonly seen in infection of newborns. ... 3 General risk factors *3.1 Biological Risk Factors. *3.2 ... Biological Risk Factors[edit]. Some common biological risk factors include: *Age of either parent *Adolescent parents * ... General risk factors[edit]. Factors increasing the risk (to either the pregnant individual, the fetus/es, or both) of pregnancy ...
... but Phase 2 data suggests that also vaccinating at-risk adolescents may confer added preventative effect. No commercial firm ... In 2019, Gates MRI expanded the scope of its mission to include maternal, newborn, and child health (MN2CH). More than 800 ... vaccine could give them added protection.This vaccine is typically given to children when they are infants, ... Gates MRI has announced plans to try and replicate earlier clinical findings that showed revaccinating adolescents against ...
New cases of gynecomastia are common in three age populations: newborns, adolescents, and men older than 50 years old. Newborn ... Many newborn infants of both sexes show breast development at birth or in the first weeks of life. During pregnancy, the ... Klinefelter syndrome is a notable example of a disorder that causes hypogonadism, gynecomastia, and has a higher risk of breast ... Physiologic gynecomastia develops in up to 70% of adolescent boys. Newborns and adolescent males often experience temporary ...
The circumcision procedure may carry the risks of heightened pain response for newborns and dissatisfaction with the result.[31 ... Childhood or adolescent circumcision is associated with a reduced risk of invasive squamous cell carcinoma in particular.[4][60 ... For infant circumcision, devices such as the Gomco clamp, Plastibell and Mogen clamp are commonly used in the USA.[4] These ... As these bacteria are a risk factor for UTIs, circumcision may reduce the risk of UTIs through a decrease in the bacteria ...
The Health Resources and Services Administration administers a broad range of programs for pregnant women, mothers, infants, ... Other vital missions include Universal Newborn Hearing Screening, Traumatic Brain Injury, Healthy Start, Sickle Cell Service ... children, adolescents and their families, and children with special health care requirements. The largest of the programs, the ... technical assistance and demonstration projects designed to slow the spread of the epidemic in high-risk populations. These ...
... "preventive health benefits of elective circumcision of male newborns outweigh the risks of the procedure" and that the health ... School start times for adolescents[edit]. Recognizing that insufficient sleep in adolescents is an important public health ... Elective infant circumcision[edit]. In a 2012 position statement, the academy stated that a systematic evaluation of the ... "School Start Times for Adolescents". Pediatrics. 134 (3): 642-9. 2014. doi:10.1542/peds.2014-1697. PMID 25156998.. ...
Food portal "Infant and Newborn Nutrition: MedlinePlus". This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the ... "Fruit Juice in Infants, Children, and Adolescents: Current Recommendations". Pediatrics. 139 (6): e20170967. doi:10.1542/peds. ... The risk of the child developing food allergies is greater if close family members have allergies. As toddlers transition from ... Toddlers typically have been weaned from breast milk and infant formula. Though infants usually start eating solid foods ...
"Newborn and infant hearing screening: Current issues and guiding principles for action" (PDF). World Health Organization. ... In 1973 the Committee recommended that only infants with certain high risk factors have their hearing evaluated (five factors: ... Barrett TS, White KR (2017). "Trends in hearing loss among adolescents". Pediatrics. 140 (6): e20170619. doi:10.1542/peds.2017- ... "Joint Committee on Infant Hearing". Retrieved 2019-03-01. "Newborn Hearing Screening". American Speech-Language-Hearing ...
Walsh Maternity Center-provides maternity and critical care services to high-risk newborns. It offers Calm Birth, an ... Overlook gets a large number of transports involving high-risk pregnancies and sick infants. Hospital doctors sometimes comment ... the Goryeb Children's Center, which also helps adolescents, is at Overlook. Valerie Fund Children's Cancer Center. It is a ... It did 3,092 deliveries of infants in 2008. Another estimate (2009) was that Overlook, along with Morristown Memorial Hospital ...
It aims to protect newborn infants from becoming infected with pertussis by administering DTaP/Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and ... Adolescents and young adults whose immunity has just worn off are often infected, but very unlikely to die. They can, however, ... Their risk of infection can be significantly reduced if those who are most likely to infect them get the appropriate vaccines.[ ... Young infants have the highest rate of pertussis; in 87-100% of all deaths caused by pertussis, the victim is an infant of less ...
... infants exposed to SSRIs in late pregnancy may have an increased risk for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. ... In children and adolescents, fluoxetine is the antidepressant of choice due to tentative evidence favoring its efficacy and ... particularly with newborn infants, and in those mothers who consumed fluoxetine during gestation." Sertraline is often the ... to cause a slight increase in the risk of congenital cardiac malformations in the newborn. Furthermore, an association between ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome, in turn, is the leading cause of death in preterm infants, affecting about 1% of newborn ... adolescent/topics/maternal/maternal_perinatal/en/ Richardus JH, Graafmans WC, Verloove-Vanhorick SP, Mackenbach JP (January ... and differences in the underlying risks of the populations. PNMRs vary widely and may be below 10 for certain developed ... Fanaroff and Martin (eds.) Neonatal-perinatal medicine: Diseases of the fetus and infant; 7th ed. (2002):1001-1011. St. Louis: ...
... services for the poor and marginalized, especially newborns, children, adolescent girls and mothers. Long term behaviour ... HIJRA is conscious of the risks associated in the collection of such information ensuring its receipt through the employment of ... Some of the key focus areas are reduction in maternal and infant mortality, reducing malnutrition, construction of new and ... separated children and those at risk of abuse, exploitation and neglect as well as a continued reduction of the SGBV incidences ...
This is normal in children and adolescents. The inner surface of the foreskin is fused with the glans penis. This is normal in ... Some studies found phimosis to be a risk factor for urinary retention and carcinoma of the penis. A number of medical reports ... Medical associations advise not to retract the foreskin of an infant, in order to prevent scarring. Some argue that non- ... and the multiple additional influences on post-neonatal circumcision rates in cultures where most newborn males are circumcised ...
Stuebe AM, Schwarz EB (March 2010). "The risks and benefits of infant feeding practices for women and their children". Journal ... Adolescents are least likely to receive any prenatal care at all. Throughout several studies, women and adolescents ranked ... Newborns whose mothers use heroin during the gestational period often exhibit withdrawal symptoms at birth and are more likely ... Lower rates of infant mortality are observed in breastfed babies in addition to lower rates of sudden infant death syndrome ( ...
... detailing an increased risk for the onset of attention, health, and behavioral issues in adolescents. His research also focused ... Infant Vocalizations, and Conversational Turns: A Population-Based Study". Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 163 (6 ... As part of a TED speech, Christakis spoke regarding the newborn brain and media exposure on children. In 2010, he received the ... "The effects of infant media usage: what do we know and what should we learn?". Wiley Online Library. Dimitri A. Christakis, ...
... been some reports of self-limiting effects on newborn infants.[39] As with other serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), these ... "Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry = Journal de l'Academie Canadienne de Psychiatrie de ... After adjusting for known risk factors, venlafaxine was associated with an increased risk of suicide relative to fluoxetine and ... At the same time, fluoxetine (Prozac) halved the suicide risk.[22]. In another study, the data on more than 200,000 cases were ...
... builds up in the bloodstream and can lead to levels that are toxic to the developing nervous system of newborn and infant ... Childhood manifestation of the gene deletion is typically associated with autism, while adolescent and later expression of the ... increasing the risk of blood clots and possibly depriving vital organs of oxygen.[33] Some complications associated with sickle ... Due to newborn screening, doctors are able to detect PKU in a baby sooner. This allows them to start treatment early, ...
DePelchin also provides infant adoption services to birth mothers and fathers desiring to place their unborn or newborn infants ... This includes services to at-risk youths facing substance abuse, truancy, and other issues; teen pregnancy prevention; ... The facility functioned as a psychiatric hospital that specialized in caring for children and adolescents. DePelchin's services ... 1987: On September 22, a temporary emergency shelter for adolescents and teenagers managed by Youth Opportunities Unlimited ( ...
... all calls for emergency transport of newborn infants and children throughout NSW (from preterm infants to adolescents) are ... Some provide other services; such as outreach education, return transport and coordination of high-risk obstetric transfer. ... In addition, satellite services operate in the ACT and the Hunter Region of NSW for the transport of newborn infants by road. ... Starting originally as a service for newborns in 1979, the service expanded to include infants and children in 1995 and now ...
Newborn orangutans nurse every three to four hours, and begin to take soft food from their mothers' lips by four months. During ... Offspring are weaned at about four years, but this could be much longer, and soon after they start their adolescent stage of ... Adult males will often target females with weaned infants as mating partners because the female is likely to be fertile. ... but this environment is at risk. According to an anthropologist at Harvard University, in 10 to 20 years, orangutans are ...
It is advised to have newborn infants with a microform cleft checked with a craniofacial team as soon as possible to determine ... adolescents with cleft palate/lip are at an elevated risk for developing psychosocial problems especially those relating to ... Due to lack of suction, an infant with a cleft may have trouble feeding. An infant with a cleft palate will have greater ... An adolescent with cleft lip or cleft palate will deal with the typical challenges faced by most of their peers including ...
There have, however, been some reports of self-limiting effects on newborn infants. As with other serotonin reuptake inhibitors ... A review of the Discontinuation Syndrome in Children and Adolescents". Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent ... After adjusting for known risk factors, venlafaxine was associated with an increased risk of suicide relative to fluoxetine and ... Venlafaxine increased suicide risk by 60% (statistically significant), as compared to no treatment. At the same time, ...
... infants, children, adolescents, and their families, including fathers and children with special health care needs. Dr. Michael ... Universal Newborn Screening Programs that help support state newborn screening and genetics programs, integrate newborn and ... where low parenting skills and high parental stress were identified by the authors as risk factors for child abuse and ... "Adolescent & Young Adult Health Program". Archived from the original on 2014-01-01. Retrieved 2013-12-31. CS1 ...
Physiologic gynecomastia develops in up to 70% of adolescent boys.[3][6] Newborns and adolescent males often experience ... Many newborn infants of both sexes show breast development at birth or in the first weeks of life.[20] During pregnancy, the ... Additionally, those with alcoholic liver disease are further put at risk for development of gynecomastia; ethanol may directly ... newborns, adolescents, and men older than 50 years old.[38] Newborn gynecomastia occurs in about 60-90 percent of male babies ...
Intersex infants and other issues[edit]. Female infants born with a 46,XX genotype but have genitalia affected by congenital ... It is often performed on intersex newborns. Commonly, non-medical removal of the clitoris is performed during female genital ... "New study shows female genital mutilation exposes women and babies to significant risk at childbirth" (Press release). World ... A lack of ambiguity of the genitalia is seen as necessary in the assignment of a sex to infants and therefore whether a child's ...
... as in cases of delayed diagnosis of KS/CHH can lead to an increased risk of developing osteoporosis but other risk factors, ... The lack of this surge can sometimes be used as a diagnostic tool if KS/HH is suspected in a newborn boy, but is not normally ... Early treatment as adolescents can help with psychological well being of people with KS/CHH.[3] ... This lack of detectable hormones in the blood can be used as a diagnostic indicator, especially in male infants.[33] ...
Infants exposed to smoke, both during pregnancy and after birth, are found to be more at risk of sudden infant death syndrome ( ... Premature and low birth weight babies face an increased risk of serious health problems as newborns have chronic lifelong ... "Health effects of passive smoking in adolescent children". South African Medical Journal. 86 (2): 143-7. PMID 8619139. ... Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant that is unexplainable by the infant's history. The death ...
Children are more jealous of the interactions between newborns and their mothers than they are with newborns and their fathers. ... These children observe parent-infant interaction closely and are less likely to approach the infant and the parent. They are ... thus sibling conflict may be a risk factor for behavioral problems.[35] A study on what the topic of the fight was (invasion of ... "Differential Associations Between Domains of Sibling Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Adjustment". Child Development. 84 (3): ...
20 September 2016). "Timing of Allergenic Food Introduction to the Infant Diet and Risk of Allergic or Autoimmune Disease: A ... "Relationship between food-specific IgE concentrations and the risk of positive food challenges in children and adolescents". J ... "Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy". N. Engl. J. Med. 372 (9): 803-13. doi:10.1056/ ... For infants, supplementing their diet with oils high in PUFAs did not affect the risks of food allergies, eczema or asthma ...
Term infants[edit]. In babies that are born at term risk factors include problems with the placenta, birth defects, low birth ... "Infection in the Newborn as a Cause of Cerebral Palsy, 12/2004". United Cerebral Palsy Research and Education Foundation (U.S ... Hip migration or dislocation is a recognizable source of pain in CP children and especially in the adolescent population. ... In those at risk of an early delivery, magnesium sulphate appears to decrease the risk of cerebral palsy.[85] It is unclear if ...
In this regime, the daily dose of cholecalciferol is 1,000 IU for newborns, 1,000 to 5,000 IU for 1- to 12-months old infants, ... Elderly people have a higher risk of having a vitamin D deficiency due to a combination of several risk factors, including: ... In the UK the prevalence of low vitamin D status in children and adolescents is found to be higher in winter than in summer.[37 ... Taking vitamin D supplements has no significant effect on cancer risk.[74] Vitamin D3, however, appears to decrease the risk of ...
Delayed immunisation and risk of pertussis in infants: unmatched case-control study. BMJ, 2003 Apr 19;326(7394):852-3 ... 6,0 6,1 6,2 Cornia PB, Hersh AL, Lipsky BA, Newman TB, Gonzales R. Does this coughing adolescent or adult patient have ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Hospital-acquired pertussis among newborns-Texas, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly ... Infant Pertussis Study Group. Transmission of Bordetella pertussis to young infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J., 2007 Apr;26(4):293- ...
Studies have suggested that infants with a high-risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may express attachment security ... Attachment theory (Bowlby 1969, 1973, 1980) is rooted in the ethological notion that a newborn child is biologically programmed ... Kayastha, P. (2010). Security of attachment in children and adolescents. Bangalore: Elsevier B.V. ... 1978) coding of the Strange Situation, secure infants are denoted as "Group B" infants and they are further subclassified as B1 ...
A mother may transmit gonorrhea to her newborn during childbirth; when affecting the infant's eyes, it is referred to as ... The risk for men that have sex with men (MSM) is higher.[23] Active MSM may get a penile infection, while passive MSM may get ... "Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae prevalence and coinfection in adolescents entering selected US juvenile ... For newborns, erythromycin ointment is recommended as a preventative measure for gonococcal infant conjunctivitis.[53] Among ...
... lower risk of newborn congenital heart defects.[25] Prenatal supplementation with folic acid did not appear to reduce the risk ... "Effect of folate supplementation on folate status and health outcomes in infants, children and adolescents: A systematic review ... Infants (AI) Infants (UL) Children and adults (RDA) Children and adults (UL) Pregnant women (RDA) Pregnant women (UL) Lactating ... and was specifically targeted to reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects in newborns.[97] There were concerns expressed ...
Remington and Klein's Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 190-. ISBN 978-0-323- ... Breast size and cancer risk[edit]. Some factors of breast morphology, including their density, are clearly implicated in breast ... "Gynecomastia in adolescent males". Semin Plast Surg. 27 (1): 56-61. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1347166. PMC 3706045. PMID 24872741 ... implications for risk of early-onset breast cancer in young women from hereditary breast cancer families". Br. J. Cancer. 92 (5 ...
Like most newborns in Western hospitals, infants are given a series of vaccines and screening procedures, and can be seen as ... Maltreating it, therefore, risks causing harm or disease in the child. In some Japanese households, a mother may show a child ... An increasing consequence among adolescents". Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. Springer. 10 (1): 9-15. doi:10.1265 ... And the infant mortality rate is 2.78 deaths per 1,000 live births, one of the lowest in the world. Whether these two facts are ...
Risk factors. Genetics, trauma, infections, tumors, radiation therapy[2]. Diagnostic method. Blood tests for growth hormone[2] ... The incidence of idiopathic GHD in infants is about 1 in every 3800 live births,[16] and rates in older children are rising as ... In newborns there may be low blood sugar or a small penis.[2] In adults there may be decreased muscle mass, high cholesterol ... who has the appearance and voice of an adolescent boy despite being in his early 40s.[17][18] Argentine footballer Lionel Messi ...
Thus, polygny may also be due to a lower male:female ratio in these areas but this may ultimately be due to male infants having ... In children the presence of cyanosis, rapid breathing, poor peripheral perfusion, or a petechial rash increases the risk of a ... these natural antibodies confer specific protection to adults and are passively transmitted to newborns. ... By understanding how the disease was transmitted, resources could be targeted to the communities at greatest risk in campaigns ...
Montgomery-Downs, H. E.; Gozal, D (2006). "Sleep habits and risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in infants and young ... Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine *^ a b Mitchell, A (2009). "SIDS: Past, present and future". Acta Paediatr. 98 ( ... Quillin, S.I. Interaction between feeding method and co-sleeping on maternal-newborn sleep. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. ... Products for infantsEdit. There are several products that can be used to facilitate safe co-sleeping with an infant: *special- ...
"Nipple trauma in infants? Bednar aphthae". American Journal of Otolaryngology. 33 (6): 756-7. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2012.06.009 ... Risk factors in aphthous stomatitis are also sometimes considered as either host-related or environmental.[7] ... "Recurrent aphthous stomatitis in 18-year-old adolescents - Prevalence and associated factors: a population-based study". Anais ... Palatal cysts of the newborn. *Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia. *Stomatitis nicotina. *Torus palatinus ...
"Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 14 (3): 141-142. doi:10.1016/S1083-3188(01)00111-5. ISSN 1083-3188.. ... Potential surgical problems: Risks are simply those of abdominal surgery. Testicular prostheses are saline-filled plastic ... Infant vaginoplasties should not be done because most women who have had them performed report some degree of difficulty with ... The initial aim of counselling and support is therefore to create a protected space for parents and the newborn, so as to ...
... are also risk factors. In some cases, it appears that a decrease in excessive diastolic pressure can actually increase risk, ... Adolescents 13 to 18 years. 95-140. 60-90 In children, the normal ranges for blood pressure are lower than for adults and ... Sharon SM, Emily SM (2006). Foundations of Maternal-Newborn Nursing (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. p. 476.. ... Infants 1 to 12 months. 75-100. 50-70 Toddlers and preschoolers 1 to 5 years. 80-110. 50-80 ...
... a primary determinant of infant mortality risk is infant birth weight with lower birth weights increasing the risk of infant ... High infant mortality is exacerbated because newborns are a vulnerable subgroup that is affected by air pollution.[38] Newborns ... "Adolescent Rights and the "First 1,000 days" Global Nutrition Movement: A View from Guatemala". Health and Human Rights. 20 (1 ... "Infant Mortality: What Is CDC Doing?". Infant Mortality , Maternal and Infant Health , Reproductive Health ,. Centers for ...
Lung biopsy:risks *^ Hitchens, TK; Ye, Q; Eytan, DF; Janjic, JM; Ahrens, ET; Ho, C (Apr 2011). "19F MRI detection of acute ... a b c ABO Incompatible Heart Transplantation in Young Infants. (2009, July 30). ABO Incompatible Heart Transplantation in Young ... This is particularly the case with adolescent recipients,[20] with non-adherence rates near 50% in some instances.[20] ... Of high risk in kidney transplants is rapid clumping, namely agglutination, of red blood cells (RBCs or erythrocytes), as an ...
... lower risk of newborn congenital heart defects.[29] The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends the folic acid ... "Effect of folate supplementation on folate status and health outcomes in infants, children and adolescents: A systematic review ... Infants (AI) Infants (UL) Adults (RDA) Adults (UL) Pregnant women (RDA) Pregnant women (UL) Lactating women (RDA) Lactating ... The purpose of fortification was to decrease the risk of neural tube defects in newborns.[96] It is important to fortify grains ...
Newborn infants are too young to receive many vaccines, either for safety reasons or because passive immunity renders the ... Garland, S. M.; Skinner, S. R.; Brotherton, J. M. (2011). "Adolescent and young adult HPV vaccination in Australia: ... Lynch Jp, 3rd; Zhanel, G. G. (2010). "Streptococcus pneumoniae: Epidemiology and risk factors, evolution of antimicrobial ... Esposito, S; Bosis, S; Morlacchi, L; Baggi, E; Sabatini, C; Principi, N (2012). "Can infants be protected by means of maternal ...
... results in an increased risk of complications.[48] This is from factors including underdeveloped lungs of newborns, infection ... Childbirth, referred to as labor and delivery in the medical field, is the process whereby an infant is born.[42] ... Child and Adolescent Health Division; Center for Family Health; California Department of Public Health, archived from the ... with the avoidance of those with a high risk of falling such as horseback riding or skiing or those that carry a risk of ...
... but this is expensive and not risk free.[5] Males appear to have a higher risk of breast cancer than typical, but still lower ... MACLEAN N; HARNDEN DG; COURT BROWN WM (Aug 1961). "Abnormalities of sex chromosome constitution in newborn babies". The Lancet ... Treating adolescents with implants of controlled-release testosterone has shown good results when appropriately monitored.[43] ... and walk later than other infants; they may also struggle in school, both academically and with sports.[14] ...
... infection in newborn or infant death.[5]. *Preclude use of genetic testing to help make decisions about whether to become ... Abortion carries few health risks when performed in accordance with modern medical technique.[5][24][25] It is safer for the ... See also: Teenage pregnancy and Adolescent sexuality. Of the 800,000 teen pregnancies per year,[65] over 80% were unintended in ... 5,000 fewer infant deaths, and the infant mortality rate would have been 10% lower.[5] ...
We found no relationship between birth weight and adult outcomes pertaining to cardiovascular risk in this sample of adult ... Can cardiovascular risk be predicted by newborn, childhood, and adolescent body size? An examination of longitudinal data in ... indicating that obese adolescents may be at greater risk than nonobese adolescents for development of non-insulin dependent ... Stepwise multiple linear regressions were computed using newborn, early childhood, adolescent, and young adult parameters to ...
... primary care physicians should be protected against undue financial risk. Risk levels for primary care office-based ... Adolescents and Young Adults," and outlines the key principles of managed care for newborns, infants, children, adolescents, ... 1997) Scope of health care benefits for newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults through age 21 years. ... Guiding Principles for Managed Care Arrangements for the Health Care of Newborns, Infants, Children, Adolescents, and Young ...
Childbirth and the Newborn; Parenting Infants and Toddlers; Parenting Young Children; Parenting School-Age Children; Parenting ... Parenting in High-Risk Families; and Special Challenges in Parenting. ... Adolescents and Young Adults; Parenting in Single-Parent Family Systems; Parenting in Stepfamily Systems; ...
Care of the High-Risk Mother, Newborn, and Family with Special Needs 29. Health Promotion for the Infant, Child, and Adolescent ...
Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap during every pregnancy, to protect the newborn from pertussis. Infants are most at ... Risks of a vaccine reaction. *Pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given, mild fever, headache, feeling tired, and ... Adolescents should receive a single dose of Tdap, preferably at age 11 or 12 years. ... Tdap is only for children 7 years and older, adolescents, and adults. ...
The Term Newborn 12. High-Risk Newborns. UNIT THREE: The Growing Child and Family 13. An Overview of Growth, Development, and ... The Infant 15. The Toddler 16. The Preschool Child 17. The School-Age Child 18. The Adolescent ... NEW! High-Risk Newborn chapter combines preterm/post-term newborn with the child born with a congenital condition. ... UNIT TWO: Maternal-Newborn Nursing and Womens Health 2. The Nurses Role in Womens Health Care 3. Fetal Development 4. ...
Whos at risk?. People who are at higher risk of chickenpox complications include:. *Newborns and infants whose mothers never ... Adolescents and adults. *Pregnant women who havent had chickenpox. *People who smoke ... Risk factors. Your risk of becoming infected with the varicella-zoster virus that causes chickenpox is higher if you havent ... If youre pregnant and not immune to chickenpox, talk to your doctor about the risks to you and your unborn child. ...
Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap during every pregnancy to protect the newborn from pertussis. Infants are most at risk ... Adolescents should receive a single dose of Tdap, preferably at age 11 or 12 years. ... 4. Risks of a vaccine reaction. *Pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given, mild fever, headache, feeling tired, and ... Tdap is only for children 7 years and older, adolescents, and adults. ...
Neurobehavioral profile of healthy full-term newborn infants of adolescent mothers. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84(5):281-287. doi: ... Rubino T, Zamberletti E, Parolaro D. Adolescent exposure to cannabis as a risk factor for psychiatric disorders. J ... Impact of adolescent marijuana use on intelligence: Results from two longitudinal twin studies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016; ... Elvik R. Risk of road accident associated with the use of drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence from ...
Neurobehavioral profile of healthy full-term newborn infants of adolescent mothers. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84(5):281-287. doi: ... Dwyer R, Richardson D, Ross MW, Wodak A, Miller ME, Gold J. A comparison of HIV risk between women and men who inject drugs. ... Lum PJ, Sears C, Guydish J. Injection risk behavior among women syringe exchangers in San Francisco. Subst Use Misuse. 2005;40( ... Prenatal drug exposure: infant and toddler outcomes. J Addict Dis. 2010;29(2):245-258. doi:10.1080/10550881003684871 ...
This study aimed to identify prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors in OC ... Adolescent. Adult. Child. Edema / complications, epidemiology. Environment. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Jaundice, ... CONCLUSIONS: Some early risk factors may be associated with the expression of OCD later in life such as edema during pregnancy ... RESULTS: The group of OCD patients had risk factors with greater frequency than the control group. Notable among the ...
The Term Newborn. 12. High-Risk Newborns. UNIT THREE: The Growing Child and Family. 13. An Overview of Growth, Development, and ... The Infant. 15. The Toddler. 16. The Preschool Child. 17. The School-Age Child. 18. The Adolescent ... UNIT TWO: Maternal-Newborn Nursing and Womens Health. 2. The Nurses Role in Womens Health Care. 3. Fetal Development 4. ... 6. Nursing Care of Mother and Infant During Labour and Birth. 7. Pain Management During Labour and Birth. 8. Nursing Care of ...
Case-control studies showed that handguns in the home raised the risk of homicide threefold, and that handguns raised the risk ... Infant, Newborn * Male * Motivation * Population Surveillance* * Primary Prevention / legislation & jurisprudence * Primary ... Firearm injuries in children and adolescents: epidemiology and preventive approaches Curr Opin Pediatr. 1994 Oct;6(5):519-24. ... of suicide ninefold; for suicide, the risk was greatest (13-fold) in those without psychiatric problems. In Iowa, handguns were ...
Care of the High-Risk Mother, Newborn, and Family with Special Needs 29. Health Promotion for the Infant, Child, and Adolescent ...
Care of the High-Risk Mother, Newborn, and Family with Special Needs. 29. Health Promotion for the Infant, Child, and ... Adolescent. 30. Basic Pediatric Nursing Care. 31. Care of the Child with a Physical and Mental or Cognitive Disorder. 32. ...
Klaus, M. H. & Kennell, J.H. (1970). Mothers separated from their newborn infants. P ... 1981). Social support in the adjustment of pregnant adolescents. In B.H. Gottlieb (Ed.). Social Networks and Social Support. ... Kemp, V. & Page, C. (1987). Maternal Prenatal Attachment in Normal and High-Risk Pregnancies. Journal of Gynecology and ... 1981). Social support in the adjustment of pregnant adolescents. In B.H. Gottlieb (Ed.). Social Networks and Social Support. ...
Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap during every pregnancy, to protect the newborn from pertussis. Infants are most at ... The Tdap vaccine can protect adolescents and adults from tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. One dose of Tdap is routinely given ... risk for severe, life-threatening complications from pertussis.. What types of vaccine are there?. The Tdap vaccine can protect ... Up to 2 in 100 adolescents and 5 in 100 adults with pertussis are hospitalized or have complications, which could include ...
Infant, Low Birth Weight. Infant, Newborn. Infant, Small for Gestational Age. Maternal Age. Mifepristone / adverse effects. ... Adolescent. Adult. Birth Intervals. Dilatation and Curettage / adverse effects. Drug Combinations. Female. Gravidity*. Humans. ... MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk of preterm birth, low birthweight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and placental ... Medical versus surgical termination of pregnancy in primigravid women--is the next delivery differently at risk? A population- ...
Infant, Infant; Newborn, Leukemia/*epidemiology/etiology, Male, Petroleum, Prevalence, Risk Assessment Identifiers. URN: urn: ... Adolescent, Child, Child; Preschool, Ecuador/epidemiology, Environmental Exposure/adverse effects, Extraction and Processing ...
... for treating and preventing diseases in infants and children. MEDLINE and the... ... adolescent*, and newborn*. Furthermore, the website ( and EU Clinical Trials ... indicates a low risk of bias, (−) indicates a high risk of bias, and (?) indicates unclear risk of bias ... The risk of bias in the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias. The ...
Infant development. Giving zinc to infants or children at risk for having low levels of zinc does not seem to improve mental or ... Taking zinc during pregnancy does not seem to reduce the risk of having a newborn with low birth weight. Giving zinc to ... But zinc gluconate lozenges might help prevent colds in children and adolescents. Using zinc as a nose spray does not seem to ... Taking zinc by mouth during pregnancy does not appear to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to the infant. Also, zinc does not ...
We treat infants, children and adolescents (newborn to 17 years of age) 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Maimonides has offered ... This experience enables us to provide the highest quality care and outcomes while minimizing risk for your child. ... Home / Maimonides Infants and Childrens Hospital / Pediatric Medical Services / Inpatient and Emergency Care ...
This will allow at-risk newborns to be appropriately immunized after birth. The routine vaccination of all infants at birth may ... infants or adolescents not previously immunized should be vaccinated, because they are the next most important group at risk ... 3] and it poses a minimal risk to the fetus and newborn. There is no evidence of congenital HAV infection. [14] Thus, no ... Such infants often acquire chronic infection, especially when mothers are HBeAg positive, in whom the risk of becoming chronic ...
34 adolescent the adolescent may enhance behavior that are constantly at risk for aggressive behavior. Each month an egg to ... The newborn infant if so desired. In some instances, leads to the emergency department while the xenobiotic may be either ... Note potential risk factors for age. 4 or more would not be necessary for normal brain used to reduce or eliminate the factors ... Sit with the infant. Some people are on prescribed diet and age. The disorder is a monoterpene hydrocarbon that is needed until ...
In older children and adolescents benefit from lesio- deciding that the child is in the past. Although numerous as a newborn ... Morbidity and healthy, term infants safe viagra and risks. Formal testing ents should be expected. (courtesy red book online. ... Visitation flict before the infant should and are common and extremely preterm infants fre- the neonatal period. Additionally, ... Vaccination of newborn screening and assess and monitor renal upper and malformations evident in the mental the symptom helps ...
... improving the overall health and wellbeing of the newborn. Second, it prevents high-risk pregnancies among young adolescents ... spacing of births decreases infant and neonatal mortality rates and allows for longer breastfeeding, ... The medical benefits of fertility regulation and effective contraceptive methods for maternal and newborn health have long been ... high-risk pregnancies and pregnancies among high-parity women. This study seeks to determine the frequency of effective ...
... especially enjoys working in the level II special care nursery at LDS Hospital with high risk newborns and premature infants. ... She also enjoys adolescents with mental health and gynecologic issues along with all things general pediatrics. She is board- ...
The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the harm racism causes to infants, children, adolescents, and their families. ... Stratification of Risk of Early-Onset Sepsis in Newborns ≥34 Weeks Gestation. Gabriel J. Escobar, Karen M. Puopolo, Soora Wi, ... Stratification of Risk of Early-Onset Sepsis in Newborns ≥34 Weeks Gestation. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):30-36 - July 01, 2014 ... Stratification of Risk of Early-Onset Sepsis in Newborns ≥34 Weeks Gestation. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):30-36 ...
Newborns and Infants. *. People Living with HIV. *. People Who Inject Drugs. *. Pregnant Women. ... Crisis in the Triangle: Addressing Adolescent Reproductive Health & Violence Prevention in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras ... Men at High Risk for HIV. *. Men Who Have Sex with Men. ... Adolescents 360: Nigeria Emerging Insights Slide Deck Resource ... The Socio-cultural Drivers of Sexual and Reproductive Health for Adolescent Girls in Ethiopia ...
  • Newborns whose mothers develop chickenpox during early pregnancy are at risk for low birth weight and birth defects. (
  • Pregnancies spaced too closely together pose serious health risks to both mothers and children, yet many postpartum women have an unmet need for family planning. (
  • Babies born to adolescent mothers are also at increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, undernutrition, and infant mortality. (
  • We aimed to compare and contrast the effect of a pragmatic nutrition awareness program for expectant mothers (NAPEM) on birth weight of the newborn with a control group who received no such nutrition awareness activity. (
  • A statistically significant improvement in birth weight of the newborn was observed in the intervention group, where expectant mothers were made aware about desired nutrition during pregnancy. (
  • The MIRIAD (Mothers and Infants Rapid Intervention at Delivery) research study conducted at 16 high-prevalence hospitals in the United States demonstrated the feasibility of obtaining informed consent and offering rapid testing to women in labor. (
  • In developing countries nearly half of all mothers and newborns do not receive skilled care during and immediately after birth. (
  • Newborns in special circumstances, such as low-birth-weight babies, babies born to HIV-positive mothers, or sick babies, require additional care and should be referred to a hospital. (
  • Knowing what to expect can help expectant mothers to relax and enjoy the moment they have been waiting for the past nine months- meeting their newborn! (
  • In in fants born to mothers with HCV, t he mother's HCV antibody crosses the placenta like all antibodies and can stay in the blood of an infant for up to 18 months. (
  • The risk of perinatal HBV infection among infants born to HBV-infected mothers ranges from 10% to 85%, depending on each mother's hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status (3,7,8). (
  • Even when not infected during the perinatal period, children of HBV-infected mothers remain at high risk of acquiring chronic HBV infection by person-to-person (horizontal) transmission during the first 5 years of life (10). (
  • More than 90% of these infections can be prevented if HBsAg-positive mothers are identified so that their infants can receive hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) soon after birth (4,5). (
  • Researchers in Israel assessed NAS in 60 full-term newborns whose mothers had taken SSRIs (mostly paroxetine) during the third semester and in 60 unexposed control infants matched for birth weight, gender, and gestational age. (
  • A baby born to an adolescent mother between 15-19 years old is at significantly greater risk of infant mortality, with stillbirths and newborn deaths at 50 percent higher rates than for mothers who gave birth at age 20 and older. (
  • Finland: "Hepatitis B vaccine is given only to infants of HbsAg carrier mothers or fathers at the age of 0, 1, 2 and 12 months. (
  • Vaccination is given at birth to infants of mothers positive for hepatitis B. (
  • Young infants are at risk for whooping cough infection transmitted from parents, siblings and care-givers during the pre-vaccination period in the first two months of life, particularly pertussis transmitted from their mothers. (
  • Research has documented that teenage mothers are at high risk for poor birth outcomes: Babies born to teenagers are more likely than those born to women in their 20s to be born early, to weigh less than 2,500 g at birth or to die before age one. (
  • Further research suggests that these risks vary by age even among teenage mothers, with those younger than 15 having the worst outcomes. (
  • Although a constellation of risk factors for adverse birth outcomes applies to teenage mothers, once the effects of these risk factors are controlled for, early childbearing may actually improve infant health in some cases (particularly among blacks). (
  • The study, which appears in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, found that nearly one-third of newborn infants whose mothers took SSRIs during pregnancy experienced withdrawal symptoms that included high-pitched crying, tremors and disturbed sleep. (
  • The high prevalence of neonatal abstinence syndrome in infants exposed to SSRIs in utero should be brought to the attention of family physicians, psychiatrists, gynecologists, pediatricians and mothers,' Klinger and colleagues wrote in the journal. (
  • They also recommended that infants of mothers taking SSRIs should be monitored closely after birth for a minimum of 48 hours and that 'follow-up of exposed infants, particularly those who develop severe symptoms, is needed to assess the long-term effects of prolonged exposure to SSRIs. (
  • Nevertheless, varicella is not a harmless disease, especially for people at risk-for example, immunocompromised patients, premature infants, and neonates of seronegative mothers. (
  • Infants are most at risk for severe, life-threatening complications from pertussis. (
  • Up to 2 in 100 adolescents and 5 in 100 adults with pertussis are hospitalized or have complications, which could include pneumonia or death. (
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk of preterm birth, low birthweight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and placental complications (placenta praevia, placental abruption, retained placenta, placenta accreta). (
  • RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in the incidences of preterm birth (4.0% in the medical group versus 4.9% in the surgical group), low birthweight (3.4% versus 4.0%), SGA infants (2.6% versus 2.9%) or placental complications (2.6% versus 2.8%) emerged between the two groups. (
  • After adjusting for various background factors, medical TOP was not associated with significantly altered risks of preterm birth (odds ratio [OR] 0.87, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.68-1.13), low birthweight (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.68-1.19), SGA infant (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.64-1.20) or placental complications (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.72-1.34) versus surgical TOP. (
  • More severe and longer infection also comes with a higher risk of developing complications, including inflammation of the brain ( encephalitis ) and pneumonia. (
  • The effect of variables of mode of newborn delivery, associated complications at birth, and APGAR score of the newborn were also assessed. (
  • What are the Risks and Complications Associated with IMD? (
  • During pregnancy medical specialists such as obstetricians and gynecologists are sought out to treat women with high-risk pregnancies or those with complications. (
  • If a woman has a higher than usual risk for pregnancy complications, a neonatal-perinatal doctor may consult with the obstetrician to help the woman. (
  • The Canadian Paediatric Society encourages annual influenza vaccinations for ALL children and youth ≥6 months of age, with a particular focus on individuals at high risk for influenza-related complications and people-including paediatricians and other health care providers-capable of transmitting influenza to those at high risk (Box 1). (
  • Beginning in the 2014/2015 season, NACI recommended the vaccine for all individuals ≥6 months of age, with a particular focus on people at high risk for influenza-related complications or hospitalization, and individuals capable of transmitting influenza to those at high risk (Box 1) (1). (
  • Skilled health care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postnatal (immediately following birth) period prevents complications for mother and newborn, and allows for early detection and management of problems. (
  • Women who are at low risk for birth complications can successfully deliver under the care of nurse-midwives, but only 1 percent of births occur at home. (
  • At particular risk are newborns who have not yet been fully vaccinated against pertussis[1], are more vulnerable to severe pertussis, and face the possibility of serious complications and even death. (
  • Complications related to pregnancy and childbirth is the leading cause of death among adolescent females aged 15-17 in Zimbabwe. (
  • Although most patients with CHB do not develop hepatic complications, all infected individuals are at increased risk of progressive liver fibrosis, leading to cirrhosis and ultimately to hepatic decompensation and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). (
  • Fortunately, effective treatment can reduce the risk of HBV-related complications. (
  • First, spacing of births decreases infant and neonatal mortality rates and allows for longer breastfeeding, improving the overall health and wellbeing of the newborn. (
  • Recent reports (3) emphasize that increased use of effective contraceptive methods reduces maternal mortality rates--that is, high-risk pregnancies and pregnancies among high-parity women. (
  • Preventing adolescent pregnancy is an essential part of preventing malnutrition, morbidity, and mortality among young people. (
  • As a group, CHDs are the most common type of birth defect among newborns, occurring in 1 in 800 newborns, 10 - 13 are a leading cause of infant mortality, 14 and often result in increased use and costs of health services among affected children, adolescents, and adults. (
  • Early initiation of breastfeeding-within one hour of birth-can protect the newborn from acquiring infections and significantly reduces infant mortality. (
  • Prematurity and low birth weight are associated with high perinatal and infant mortality, especially in developing countries. (
  • In disseminated disease, the mortality rates in newborns and infants are much higher than those in children, adolescents and adults. (
  • The effects of maternal age on low birth weight, newborns' hospital costs and infant mortality were estimated based on individual 1989 and 1990 vital statistics records from New Jersey that were linked with uniform billing hospital discharge records. (
  • Although we usually didn't think much about newborn health, we are now ascribing considerable importance to reduction of newborn mortality and ensuring survival and a good life for every newborn in the current situation. (
  • In the Sustainable Development Goals, there is a target on reducing newborn mortality and providing quality health care to newborns. (
  • Today's discussion is about what we need to do in order to reduce newborn mortality rate and save every newborn. (
  • There are three main reasons behind newborn mortality, namely: birth asphyxia, preterm birth and infection. (
  • In our country's context, we need to adopt low-cost easy solutions to prevent newborn mortality due to these three reasons. (
  • Hence, we don't need very costly technology and treatment facilities to reduce newborn mortality within 24 hours of birth. (
  • In three phases we are trying to tackle the challenges bedeviling reduction of newborn mortality and providing better health care to newborns. (
  • 7] (Sept. 2018.Newborns: Reducing mortality. (
  • 8] Nemes, et al. (
  • Gello (Greek: Γελλώ), in Greek mythology, is a female demon or revenant who threatens the reproductive cycle by causing infertility, miscarriage, and infant mortality. (
  • And when given to pregnant women, the Tdap vaccine can protect newborn babies against pertussis. (
  • 29 targeted newborn babies, 15 targeted infants and 3 targeted older children or adolescents. (
  • Some countries combine immunization of newborn babies/infants with older children or adolescents. (
  • Immunization against hepatitis B disease is recommended for all newborn babies, infants, children, and adolescents up to 19 years of age. (
  • Doctors who deal specifically with diseases and disorders in newborn babies are neonatal - perinatal doctors. (
  • Every year nearly 45% of all under 5 child deaths are among newborn infants, babies in their first 28 days of life or the neonatal period. (
  • Their underdeveloped pelvic areas and small birth canals contribute to increased health risks and to the health of newborn babies. (
  • Among blacks, however, 15-19-year-olds faced significantly lower risks of delivering low-birth-weight babies than did black women aged 25-29. (
  • Infected women also can pass gonorrhea to their newborn infants during delivery, causing eye infections (conjunctivitis) in their babies (which if left untreated, can cause blindness). (
  • Doctors have often attempted to treat this immediately by applying small amounts of silver nitrate to the eyes of all newborn babies. (
  • In the U.S., future HIV vaccine trials will involve pre-adolescents and babies. (
  • The lexicographer Hesychius who wrote in the 5th or 6th century AD but drew from earlier lexicons glossed Gello (Greek: Γελλώ) as a ghost (eidolon) who attacked both virgins and newborn babies. (
  • The pregnant woman bears as much, if not more, risk as her fetus during any form of fetal intervention. (
  • [2] however, these should be given if the risk is higher for the fetus inside the womb than if delivered, such as may be the case in intrauterine infection, unexplained vaginal bleeding and fetal distress. (
  • Thank you to all the members of the Texas Pediatric Society Committee on Fetus and Newborn who have helped in producing this toolkit, and particularly Leslie Harris, MD for her great efforts in creating this resource and making this important information widely available to benefit both physicians and the families they serve. (
  • Some of the explanations proposed for these adverse birth outcomes are biological-i.e., that a pregnant teenager who is still growing may be competing for nutrients with the fetus, or that pregnancy within two years after menarche increases the risk of preterm delivery. (
  • Therefore, it is likely that environmental risk factors, such as prenatal stress, alter the intestinal niche of the fetus before microbes even colonize the gut and could select against beneficial microbes. (
  • Varicella in pregnant women is associated with a risk for VZV transmission to the fetus or newborn. (
  • Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap during every pregnancy, to protect the newborn from pertussis. (
  • Health Promotion Considerations boxes focus on preventive strategies for achieving prenatal wellness, health during pregnancy, postpartum health, newborn health, and pediatric illness prevention and wellness---including Canadian immunization schedules for all ages. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Some early risk factors may be associated with the expression of OCD later in life such as edema during pregnancy and prolonged labor. (
  • Medical versus surgical termination of pregnancy in primigravid women--is the next delivery differently at risk? (
  • Family planning leads to longer birth intervals, reducing pregnancy- and childbirth-related health risks. (
  • Harmonizing counseling and services for maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) and family planning throughout the continuum-from delaying pregnancy among adolescents to healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies in adulthood-will help improve health outcomes across all stages of the life cycle. (
  • It follows that the nutritional status of the expectant mother is among the most important determinants affecting pregnancy outcomes, including the birth weight of the newborn [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • 35 weeks of pregnancy and most sick term infants usually require full or partial PN. (
  • Clinical and epidemiological studies have established a strong link between maternal pregestational diabetes mellitus and an increased risk of CHDs and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • the country has one of the highest child and adolescent pregnancy rates in Latin America. (
  • Sexual violence against young and adolescent girls is widespread in Paraguay and the country has one of the highest child and adolescent pregnancy rates in Latin America. (
  • What is the connection between sexual violence and child and adolescent pregnancy in Paraguay? (
  • and the underlying themes of community-based maternity nursing, culturally sensitive obstetric care, and the benefits of health promotion and self-care to a healthy pregnancy, delivery, and infant development. (
  • Because maternal depression during pregnancy also entails a risk to the newborn, the risk-benefit ratio of continuing SSRI treatment should be assessed,' the researchers said. (
  • Nevertheless, Lusk said, 'Decisions regarding the use of anti-depressants during pregnancy should be made after considering an appropriate benefit-risk assessment by the attending physician. (
  • We tested this finding in our sample of urban African Americans with prospective data on growth and blood pressure and also tested other variables (in addition to birth weight) for their relationship to adult cardiovascular risk. (
  • Stepwise multiple linear regressions were computed using newborn, early childhood, adolescent, and young adult parameters to predict adult outcomes. (
  • We found no relationship between birth weight and adult outcomes pertaining to cardiovascular risk in this sample of adult African Americans. (
  • The older adult at risk for suicide is in conjunction with other members of the body produces adh despite a fall occur. (
  • The indication, the procedure as well as the intake of fluid and substrates are very different to that known in PN-practice in adult patients, e.g. the fluid, nutrient and energy needs of premature infants and newborns per kg body weight are markedly higher than of older paediatric and adult patients. (
  • Two groups of infants natal congenital heart disease by young adult life and will be necessary for timely attainment of developmental preterm infants with neurologic disorders. (
  • Throughout the guidelines, the Panel refers to the Adult and Adolescent Antiretroviral Guidelines and the Perinatal Guidelines for guidance about the use of dolutegravir (DTG) and other antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in people of childbearing potential and those who are pregnant or who are trying to conceive. (
  • Since the licensure of adult/adolescent formulations of tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in 2005, healthcare providers have been encouraged to use Tdap vaccine in the family and caregivers of susceptible infants. (
  • She especially enjoys working in the level II special care nursery at LDS Hospital with high risk newborns and premature infants. (
  • Premature infants are usually under the care of a neonatal-perinatal doctor who has special training and skills in dealing with the specific needs of sick and premature newborns. (
  • There are special challenges in implementing parenteral nutrition (PN) in paediatric patients, which arises from the wide range of patients, ranging from extremely premature infants up to teenagers weighing up to and over 100 kg, and their varying substrate requirements. (
  • Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics urges the use of the principles outlined in this statement in designing and implementing managed care for newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults for several reasons. (
  • She also enjoys adolescents with mental health and gynecologic issues along with all things general pediatrics. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the harm racism causes to infants, children, adolescents, and their families. (
  • Pediatrics is the treatment of health disorders and diseases in infants, children and adolescents. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends testing with the antibody test at 18 months or later since treatment of HCV is not recommended for infants less than 3 years of age. (
  • Fetal surgery draws principally from the fields of surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, and pediatrics- especially the subspecialties of neonatology (care of newborns, especially high-risk ones), maternal-fetal medicine (care of high-risk pregnancies), and pediatric surgery. (
  • When a mother is infected with chickenpox in the week before birth or within a couple of days after giving birth, her baby has a higher risk of developing a serious, life-threatening infection. (
  • [ 7 ] The risk of hepatitis A infection is inversely proportional to the sanitation infrastructure available in a country. (
  • Children usually have a much milder infection and recover faster than adults, infants, and adolescents. (
  • If the mother develops chickenpox a week before birth to two days after birth, the newborn is at risk of a life-threatening infection. (
  • You may be directed to a separate waiting room or straight into an examining room to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others. (
  • They provide hepatitis B vaccine only to well-defined risk groups, in addition to screening pregnant women to identify and immunize neonates exposed to infection. (
  • It is also recommended for adults who live in areas that have a high rate of hepatitis B disease or who may be at increased risk of infection from hepatitis B virus. (
  • Bacterial meningitis in older infants and children usually results from bacteria carried in the respiratory system, and, in newborns, meningitis often comes from a bacterial infection in the bloodstream ( sepsis ). (
  • Meningitis in newborns usually results from an infection of the bloodstream ( sepsis ). (
  • Older infants and children usually develop infection through contact with respiratory secretions (such as saliva or mucus from the nose) containing the bacteria that cause meningitis. (
  • All children younger than 5 years of age are considered to be at high risk for infection and, in addition, are efficient transmitters of influenza (1). (
  • Neonatal Antiretroviral Management According to Risk of HIV Infection in the Newborn and Table 12. (
  • In the United States, eating raw shellfish including oysters, clams, and mussels recently was identified as a novel risk factor for acute infection. (
  • 10 Up to 50% of individuals with documented primary infection do not have an identifiable risk factor. (
  • 11 Patients may be infected with the parasite even in the absence of conventional risk factors for infection in their epidemiological history. (
  • I nterventions at birth , such as C-section delivery , have not been shown to alter the risk of infection at birth. (
  • Many families are anxious about the risk of infection to their child. (
  • Infants who become infected by perinatal transmission have a 90% risk of chronic infection, and up to 25% will die of chronic liver disease as adults (9). (
  • According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), along with many other groups and UN agencies, child marriage typically ends a girl's ability to continue her education, exposes her to domestic and sexual violence (including marital rape), and increases her risk of HIV infection. (
  • Risk of infection is greatest on windy days when the soil is dry or when the soil is disturbed by activity. (
  • By contrast, when transmission occurs in adolescents/adults-usually via sexual contact, contaminated needles ("sharps"), and less often from transfusion of blood products-the infection usually resolves unless the individual is immunocompromised (e.g., infected with human immunodeficiency virus). (
  • It is important to take the time needed to educate patients and to explain the risks that the infection poses to the patients themselves and to others. (
  • In the past, evaluations of the toxicity of experimental HIV (AIDS) vaccines were conducted in adults at high risk for HIV infection, such as IV drug abusers and those with multiple sexual partners. (
  • Because of this low overall susceptibility, VZV infection seems not to be an important occupational risk among healthcare workers in Flanders. (
  • Pertussis immunity from early childhood vaccinations wears off, leaving adults and adolescents susceptible to the disease, which they can then transmit to others. (
  • In the United States, most infections occur among adults and adolescents (2,3). (
  • Severe cases are also more likely to occur in healthy adults and adolescents. (
  • Further evidence of early-life influences comes from observations that formula feeding, which alters the microbiome, may be a risk factor for ASD [ 7 ], although considerable additional work in humans is needed to establish causality. (
  • Your risk of becoming infected with the varicella-zoster virus that causes chickenpox is higher if you haven't already had chickenpox or if you haven't had the chickenpox vaccine. (
  • The Tdap vaccine can protect adolescents and adults from tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. (
  • The report provides updated recommenda- tions to improve prevention of perinatal and early childhood HBV transmission, including implementation of universal infant vaccination beginning at birth, and to increase vaccine coverage among previously unvaccinated children and adolescents. (
  • 19 years who were born in countries with interme- diate and high levels of HBV endemicity, adopting hepatitis B vaccine requirements for school entry, and integrating hepatitis B vaccination services into settings that serve adolescents. (
  • In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. (
  • This prevention strategy includes making hepatitis B vaccine a part of routine vaccination schedules for all infants. (
  • The recommendations for implementing this strategy include making hepatitis B vaccine a part of routine vaccination schedules for infants. (
  • 1) A recent study published in the journal Neurotoxicology called "Delayed Acquisition of Neonatal Reflexes in Newborn Primates Receiving a Thimerosal-containing Hepatitis B Vaccine: Influence of Gestational Age and Birth Weight" found that monkeys who received a Hepatitis B vaccine on the first day of life experienced a significant delay in survival reflexes versus monkeys who received a placebo. (
  • 3) A recent study published in the journal Neurology called "Hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of CNS inflammatory demyelination in childhood" found that the Engerix B vaccine for Hep B (the one my son received) appears to increase the risk of central nervous system inflammatory demyelination. (
  • I'd like to wrap this piece up with two remarkable statements from a very courageous father, Michael Belkin, who lost his infant daughter to a Hepatitis B vaccine. (
  • and HPV associated cervical cancer occurs at a high rate in underdeveloped countries without routine pap smear screening but cervical cancer is at an all time low in the U.S.. Still, American children are forced to get hepatitis B vaccine or be denied an education and the CDC has told told doctors that pre-adolescent American girls must get HPV vaccine. (
  • Among its first steps toward product development, Gates MRI has announced plans to try and replicate earlier clinical findings that showed revaccinating adolescents against tuberculosis with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine could give them added protection.This vaccine is typically given to children when they are infants, but Phase 2 data suggests that also vaccinating at-risk adolescents may confer added preventative effect. (
  • Second, it prevents high-risk pregnancies among young adolescents and multiparous women. (
  • Offering family planning information and services to postpartum women during their infants' well-baby visits, immunization visits, and routine child health visits provides recurring opportunities to reach women who may have unmet need for family planning with information, counseling, referrals, or even direct services to ensure that women who wish to space or limit pregnancies are able to do so. (
  • Many child and adolescent pregnancies in Paraguay are the result of sexual violence. (
  • Hyperbilirubinemia in Infants, Screening. (
  • Poor maternal nutritional status and substandard antenatal care, which result in increased women's risk, low birth weight and stillbirth, afflict many countries with weak or emerging economies even today. (
  • The main causes of newborn deaths are prematurity and low-birth-weight, infections, asphyxia (lack of oxygen at birth) and birth trauma. (
  • An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age. (
  • More countries conduct universal immunization against hepatitis B for neonates and infants. (
  • At its June meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) voted to recommend that adolescents 11 and 12 years of age be given a tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis booster (Tdap) in place of the tetanus-diphtheria (Td) booster currently given to adolescents. (
  • An adolescent booster dose is not included in the national immunization schedule of Sri Lanka, although this is routine practice in many countries. (
  • Vaccination of newborn screening and assess and monitor renal upper and malformations evident in the mental the symptom helps patients and families, usually for less than lesions veins, and is characterized by or more occasions or thrombocytopenia will often jeopardize of the insertion of the. (
  • The recommended strategy for preventing these infections has been the selective vaccination of persons with identified risk factors (1,2). (
  • At the very least, vaccination should be offered to all individuals who are at risk. (
  • In Sri Lanka pertussis continues to circulate in the community and cases among adolescents and adults have been reported despite 95% coverage of the four dose pertussis vaccination during early childhood. (
  • Therefore information on immunity to pertussis in the adolescent group is needed prior to considering vaccination schedule changes. (
  • One-size-fits-all forced vaccination policies target the genetically vulnerable for injury and death and violate the human right to informed consent to medical risk-taking. (
  • During this period of change in the delivery and financing of health care services, new and expanded efforts are needed to strengthen managed care systems that serve newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults (hereinafter referred to as children) and their families. (
  • Health Promotion for the Infant, Child, and Adolescent 30. (
  • Although in recent years there has been an increase in the use of effective contraceptive methods, efforts have not produced policies that could significantly improve the health of women and newborns. (
  • The medical benefits of fertility regulation and effective contraceptive methods for maternal and newborn health have long been recognized (5). (
  • Family planning can be integrated at several maternal, infant, and child health service delivery points, with positive and complementary effects on maternal and child health. (
  • Besides the general risk that any surgery bears, there is also a risk to the health of the mother's uterus , potentially limiting her ability to bear more children. (
  • This age restriction reflects the higher prevalence of 2009 H1N1 among children and adolescents, putting them at greater risk of carrying the virus into health care settings. (
  • Up to two thirds of newborn deaths can be prevented if known, effective health measures are provided at birth and during the first week of life. (
  • The vast majority of newborn deaths take place in developing countries where access to health care is low. (
  • In addition, WHO and UNICEF now recommend home visits by a skilled health worker during a baby's first week of life to improve newborn survival. (
  • Fortunately, in children and adolescents, hepatitis C is less common, but it remains a significant health issue. (
  • Evaluate the short- and long-term maternal and child health outcomes associated with infant feeding. (
  • Many child marriages in Zimbabwe are ending in tragic circumstances and cause grave health risks from early childbearing. (
  • The negative health consequences of adolescents' limited access to reproductive health information and services can be life-threatening. (
  • In addition to the psychological impacts of sexual violence, along with the limited economic, educational and civic opportunities that occur in tandem with forced motherhood, giving birth before a girl's body is physically ready to do so can pose serious risk to her physical health. (
  • We are working in three steps in the national newborn health care program. (
  • BC Children's Hospital , an agency of the Provincial Health Services Authority, provides expert care for the province's most seriously ill or injured children, including newborns and adolescents. (
  • T he work of the Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH) is based on the firm conviction that all children and adolescents should have the means and the opportunity to develop to their full potential. (
  • These partners play an important role in assessing the need for strategies for child and adolescent health and development and in supporting their implementation. (
  • The International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health ( IJAMH ) provides an international and interdisciplinary forum for the dissemination of new information in the field of adolescence. (
  • It seems that exposure to prenatal and early life risk factors increase the vulnerability for sleep problems later in life, which is further supported by poor health and lifestyle choices in adolescence. (
  • Since its inception, the USPSTF has made and maintained recommendations on more than 100 clinical preventive services that are intended to prevent or reduce the risk for heart disease, cancer, infectious diseases, and other conditions and events that impact the health of children, adolescents, adults, and pregnant women. (
  • Unfortunately, the scientifically proven cause of rickets was not identified until the 1920s, and by the 1930s, public-health initiatives recommended fortifying milk with vitamin D and cod-liver oil as a nutritional supplement for young infants and children. (
  • We argue that children should not be subjected to prophylactic interventions "in their best interests" or for public health reasons when there exist effective and conservative alternative interventions, such as behavioural modification, that individuals could employ as competent adolescents or adults to avoid adverse health outcomes. (
  • In 2019, Gates MRI expanded the scope of its mission to include maternal, newborn, and child health (MN2CH). (
  • All adults, newborns, people with weakened immune systems, or pregnant women with possible chickenpox should see their doctor. (
  • Testing to identify pregnant women who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive and providing their infants with immunoprophylaxis effec- tively prevents HBV transmission during the perinatal period (4,5). (
  • When taken by pregnant women, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) cross the placenta and have the potential to affect newborns. (
  • Pregnant women are at special risk for disseminated coccidioidomycosis. (
  • WASHINGTON, DC, United States (UPI) - The class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is facing more bad news this week with the release of a study indicating that pregnant women`s use of the drugs may be dangerous to their newborn infants. (
  • Prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors in obsessive-compulsive disorder. (
  • This study aimed to identify prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors in OCD. (
  • The number of new perinatal infections each year has steadily declined since 1994, when a zidovudine regimen given prenatally, intrapartum, and to the newborn was shown to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission by two thirds. (
  • Antiretroviral interventions can then be provided for perinatal HIV prevention to those women with positive results and to their newborns. (
  • The Panel recommends presumptive HIV therapy for infants who are at a higher risk of perinatal HIV acquisition. (
  • RESULTS: The group of OCD patients had risk factors with greater frequency than the control group. (
  • Data collected on each infant included sepsis risk at birth based on objective maternal factors, demographics, specific clinical milestones, and vital signs during the first 24 hours after birth. (
  • [2] The risk of premature labor is increased by concomitant risk factors such as multiple gestation, a history of maternal smoking , and very young or old maternal age . (
  • Risk factors associated with transmission include lack of receipt of prenatal antiretroviral drugs, maternal clinical status, detectable maternal viral load at delivery, low maternal CD4 count, and immunogenetic host factors. (
  • We also examine what caffeine is and the risk factors, likelihood, and symptoms of a caffeine overdose. (
  • We found that DICAs can be classified into three types, specifically tortuous, coiling and kinking, and are not associated with atherosclerotic risk factors. (
  • AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze risk factors for the development of hydrocephalus in newborn infants with germinal matrix (GM) hemorrhage. (
  • CONCLUSION: Awareness of risk factors for the development of hydrocephalus in newborn infants with GM hemorrhage should be emphasized in order to enable an early diagnosis of ventriculomegaly and symptomatic hydrocephalus and thus make a correct therapeutic decision. (
  • Conclusions This study demonstrates the predictive role of prenatal and early life risk factors in adolescence sleep problems. (
  • Coronary Heart Disease (Risk Assessment, Nontraditional Risk Factors), Screening. (
  • What are risk factors for the development of rickets? (
  • Cultural considerations applied as they relate to maternal/infant, and pediatric care in detailed tables. (
  • Remifentanil is a relatively new synthetic opioid, which is not licensed worldwide for neonates and infants. (
  • Because of its unique pharmacokinetic properties with a short recovery profile, it could be the ideal opioid for neonates and infants, who are especially sensitive to respiratory depression by opioids. (
  • Most experience with remifentanil in neonates and infants is as maintenance anaesthesia during surgery. (
  • In approximately 300 neonates and infants, remifentanil proved to be an effective and safely used opioid for this indication. (
  • Further research with remifentanil in neonates and infants should focus on this group of patients because remifentanil, with its very short context-sensitive half-life, could result in shorter extubation times compared with commonly used opioids such as morphine or fentanyl. (
  • If you're pregnant and not immune to chickenpox, talk to your doctor about the risks to you and your unborn child. (
  • This experience enables us to provide the highest quality care and outcomes while minimizing risk for your child. (
  • In older children and adolescents benefit from lesio- deciding that the child is in the past. (
  • [2] Open fetal surgery is possible first after approximately 18 weeks of gestation due to fetal size and fragility before that, and up to approximately 30 weeks of gestation due to increased risk of premature labor and, practically, the preference for delivering the child and performing the surgery ex utero instead. (
  • A newborn infant, or neonate, is a child under 28 days of life, the child is at highest risk of dying. (
  • A newborn infant, or neonate, is a child under 28 days of age. (
  • During these first 28 days of life, the child is at the highest risk of dying. (
  • If a child or adolescent is suspected of having HCV, initial testing is to screen with the anti HCV antibody test that measures protein in the blood that is made by the body to fight germs such as viruses or bacteria. (
  • One study found that the average medical costs for an infant with pertussis was more than $2,800, while parents lost an average of six days of work to care for an ill child. (
  • Child marriage is also dangerous for infants too. (
  • That is, when a child is born at home, if any complication arises, since there are no facilities at-home to tackle such a complication, the newborn dies. (
  • More than 300 families from across Canada participated in this research through the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study. (
  • Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent depression. (
  • To define a quantitative stratification algorithm for the risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in newborns ≥34 weeks' gestation. (
  • Using maternal and neonatal data, we defined a risk stratification scheme that divided the neonatal population into 3 groups: treat empirically (4.1% of all live births, 60.8% of all EOS cases, sepsis incidence of 8.4/1000 live births), observe and evaluate (11.1% of births, 23.4% of cases, 1.2/1000), and continued observation (84.8% of births, 15.7% of cases, incidence 0.11/1000). (
  • To examine the risk of subsequent sepsis in individuals with coeliac disease. (
  • The highest risk estimates were seen for pneumococcal sepsis (HR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.2 to 5.1, p = 0.014). (
  • Individuals with coeliac disease diagnosed in childhood were not at increased risk of subsequent sepsis (HR = 1.0, 95% CI = 0.6 to 1.9, p = 0.908). (
  • In this comparison, children with coeliac disease were also at an increased risk of sepsis (HR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2 to 2.7, p = 0.003). (
  • This study showed a modestly increased risk of sepsis in patients with coeliac disease with the highest risk for pneumococcal sepsis. (
  • There are three main reasons for newborn death: if the newborn doesn't cry at birth, if the infant is born underweight, and if there is sepsis. (
  • Through kangaroo mother care we can save the underweight newborns and protect them from sepsis as well. (
  • Teenagers are not the only age-group at high risk for poor birth outcomes, but they have received the most public attention. (
  • On the other end of the age spectrum, while women who give birth relatively late in their reproductive lives have fewer socioeconomic disadvantages than teenagers, they nonetheless share increased risks for poor birth outcomes. (
  • Past research has established a clear connection between maternal depression and risk of adverse outcomes in newborns, for instance a. (
  • Is prenatal SSRI exposure harmful to newborns? (
  • How are newborns, infants and toddlers exposed to and affected by toxicants? (
  • The researchers confirmed these findings in mice and also discovered that newborn mice inoculated with the FLVR bacteria developed less severe asthma. (
  • The symptoms of major depression are severe enough that it may warrant putting a pregnant woman on an SSRI even if that does increase the risk of withdrawal symptoms in her infant, Taylor said. (
  • Eighteen of the infants had symptoms of withdrawal, including eight with severe symptoms and 10 with milder symptoms. (
  • The Panel now recommends atazanavir (ATV) boosted with COBI (ATV/c) or darunavir (DRV) boosted with COBI (DRV/c) plus two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors as Alternative protease inhibitor-based initial regimens for children and adolescents aged ≥12 years with a sexual maturity rating of 1 to 3 who weigh ≥35 kg or ≥40 kg, respectively. (
  • In another study analyzing over 700,000 hours of at-home monitoring, brief periods of apnea, bradycardia, and/or desaturation were observed in more than 40% of healthy infants without any apparent clinical consequence [2]. (
  • NMC, similar to other clinical procedures, has associated medical benefits and risks. (
  • If energy and nutrient demands in children and adolescents cannot be met through enteral nutrition, partial or total PN should be considered within 7 days or less depending on the nutritional state and clinical conditions. (
  • Patient compliance with the clinical interview complete the car or infant behavior and chopharmacology is not helpful in relieving pain and other toxicant exposures in bone. (
  • Newborn infants in Africa are now being enrolled in clinical trials. (
  • Do antidepressants increase the risk of suicide in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (clinical depression)? (
  • Infants and newborns may present with different symptoms. (
  • Older children and adolescents have a stiff neck with a fever, headache, and confusion, and newborns and young infants are usually irritable, stop eating, vomit, or have other symptoms. (
  • symptoms peaked during the first 2 days of life in most infants but lasted until 4 days in others. (
  • A dose-response relation was observed between SSRI dose and NAS symptoms in paroxetine-exposed newborns. (
  • For medically stable patients, the risk of a PE should be assessed first by asking standard questions about the patient and his or her symptoms. (
  • In the study, a team of researchers led by Gil Klinger of Tel Aviv University assessed withdrawal symptoms in 60 newborn infants who had prolonged exposure in the womb to SSRIs, including GlaxoSmithKline`s Paxil, Lilly`s Prozac, Forest`s Celexa, Pfizer`s Zoloft and Wyeth`s Effexor. (
  • We aimed to systematically evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 ( L. reuteri ) for treating and preventing diseases in infants and children. (
  • Can cardiovascular risk be predicted by newborn, childhood, and adolescent body size? (
  • Rice F. Genetics of childhood and adolescent depression: insights into etiological heterogeneity and challenges for future genomic research. (
  • Adolescents acquire HCV in ways similar to adults by engaging in behaviors that increase their risk of blood exposure, such as IV drug use, sharing needles and high-risk sexual behaviors. (
  • The more a couple can learn about childbirth and the newborn, the better prepared they will be for the adjustment they must make to a new life. (
  • Tdap is only for children 7 years and older, adolescents, and adults. (
  • Adolescents should receive a single dose of Tdap, preferably at age 11 or 12 years. (
  • The committee also recommended that Tdap be given to adolescents 13 through 18 who missed the 11 to 12 year dose of Td, and adolescents 11 to 18 who have already been vaccinated with Td are encouraged to receive a dose of Tdap to further protect against pertussis. (
  • Over the last decade, 80 percent of pertussis deaths have occurred in infants under six months of age. (
  • Adults often are the source of pertussis for infants and young children. (
  • A 2004 study sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that in cases where the source of the disease was identifiable, adults were responsible for over half of pertussis cases in infants, with parents the source for 47 per cent and grandparents for 8 percent of cases. (
  • Reports of pertussis have increased most dramatically among adolescents and adults. (
  • Increase in deaths from pertussis from young infants in the United States in the 1990s, Pediar Infect Dis J. 2003:22:628:634-636. (
  • Infant Pertussis: Who Was the Source? (
  • Newborn infants are vulnerable to pertussis infections. (
  • Furthermore, weight at age 14 years is significantly negatively correlated with measures of insulin-stimulated glucose use, indicating that obese adolescents may be at greater risk than nonobese adolescents for development of non-insulin dependent diabetes in adulthood. (
  • older teenagers were not at any significantly increased risk. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: A history of one medical versus surgical TOP, performed in primigravid women, is associated with similar obstetric risks in the subsequent delivery. (
  • Early childbearing can also result in an increased risk of miscarriage, difficulties during labor, postpartum hemorrhaging and obstetric fistula, which can occur when a girl gives birth before her body is physically ready to do so. (
  • Exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months after birth not only provides perfect nutrition for the infant, it also meets the mother's contraceptive needs if she practices LAM. (
  • This method involves giving birth in a quiet, dimly lit room and allowing the newborn to lie on the mother's stomach with the umbilical cord intact for several minutes while being given a warm bath. (
  • Immediately after birth the underweight newborn should be placed at the center of its mother's chest in order to transmit heat from the mother's skin to the newborn's body. (
  • Anecdotally, caregivers of infants prescribed home monitoring reported increased stress and fatigue as monitors frequently malfunctioned or gave false alarms. (
  • In this article I will address the most common questions about hepatitis C in children and adolescents. (
  • However, this strategy has not lowered the incidence of hepatitis B, primarily because vaccinating persons engaged in high-risk behaviors, life-styles, or occupations before they become infected generally has not been feasible. (
  • Care of the Mother and Newborn 28. (
  • Although meningitis can occur in all children, children at particular risk of meningitis include those with sickle cell disease and those lacking a spleen . (
  • Approximately 75% of all newborn deaths occur during the first week of life, and up to 45% occur within the first 24 hours. (
  • In the African Region, 1.12 million newborn deaths occur annually. (
  • Half of the Region's newborn deaths occur in just five countries - Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda. (
  • Three quarters of all newborn deaths occur in the first week of life. (
  • Morbidity and healthy, term infants safe viagra and risks. (
  • Visitation flict before the infant should and are common and extremely preterm infants fre- the neonatal period. (
  • A roundtable meeting titled 'Every newborn must be saved' was organized by Prothom Alo on February 6, 2018. (
  • Nearly half of all newborns do not receive skilled care during and immediately after birth and up to two thirds of deaths can be prevented. (
  • Newborn, or neonatal, deaths account for 45% of all deaths among children under 5. (
  • Although the Texas infant death rate of 6.2% in 2008 is currently less than the national average of 6.6% [ 2 ] , there are still a large number of infant deaths in the state. (
  • According to data collected by UNICEF, in Paraguay maternal deaths of adolescents account for 20% of all maternal deaths in the country. (
  • In adolescents who acquire HCV by high-risk behaviors, the outcome of HCV is felt to be similar to adults. (
  • Home monitors were in vogue in the 1980s, when they were prescribed to infants thought to be at increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). (
  • Studies failed to demonstrate that home monitors reduced the risk of SIDS. (
  • A large study involving more than 9000 term and preterm infants was unable to demonstrate any findings on cardiorespiratory monitoring that predicted SIDS [1]. (
  • The AAP Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome recommends that infant should have its own crib or bassinet in their parents' room for the first year of life, as bed-sharing is a particularly high risk factor for SIDS and accidental asphyxiation [6]. (