Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Adolescent Medicine: A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Adolescent Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.United StatesPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Schools: Educational institutions.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Friends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Scoliosis: An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.SmokeMotivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.CaliforniaIndiaPlant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
... adolescent reproductive health; nutrition; physical activity; alcohol and tobacco control; public health surveillance ...
Lovato, C; Watts A; Stead LF (October 2011). "Impact of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking ... The influence of "Big Tobacco" plays a significant role in the smoking culture. Young nonsmokers who see tobacco advertisements ... Tobacco smoking and asbestos have a synergistic effect on the formation of lung cancer. In smokers who work with asbestos, the ... Eliminating tobacco smoking is a primary goal in the prevention of lung cancer, and smoking cessation is an important ...
Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use will be eliminated among adolescents. Children, youth, and families will have access to ...
Biglan, A., Brennan, P. A., Foster, S. L., & Holder, H. D. (2004). Helping adolescents at risk: Prevention of multiple problem ... link) Botvin, G. J.; Griffin, K. W.; Paul, E.; Macaulay, A. P. (2003). "Preventing tobacco and alcohol use among elementary ... Catalano, R. F.; Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J. D.; Newcomb, M. D.; Abbott, R. D. (1996). "Modeling the Etiology of Adolescent ... At this point, key leaders in CTC communities also reported significantly stronger community norms against adolescent drug use ...
The use of tobacco may also increase the risk for caries formation. Some brands of smokeless tobacco contain high sugar content ... Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care. 44 (8): 219-41. doi:10.1016/j.cppeds.2014.03.007. PMID 25106748. ... Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for periodontal disease, which can cause the gingiva to recede. As the gingiva loses ... ISBN 0-7216-9003-3. Tobacco Use Increases the Risk of Gum Disease Archived 2007-01-09 at the Wayback Machine., hosted on the ...
A survey of adolescent smoking and tobacco knowledge in four areas of China. Chin J School Health 2000; 21: 456-457. Ji C, Sun ... the progressive limitation and banning of tobacco advertisements; mass campaigns on tobacco control; tobacco control in youth; ... as has occurred in other countries where tobacco taxes have been raised sharply. In 1999 the first Global Youth Tobacco Survey ... the development of a series of tobacco control laws, regulations and rules; the formation of a tobacco control network; the ...
"Gene-Environment Correlation and Interaction in Peer Effects on Adolescent Alcohol and Tobacco Use". Behavior Genetics. 38 (4 ... B. B. Brown, "Adolescents' relationships with peers," In: R. M. Lerner & L. Steinburg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology ... Adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A)". Journal of the American ... "The Two Faces of Adolescents' Success With Peers: Adolescent Popularity, Social Adaptation, and Deviant Behavior". Child ...
... and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. International Society for ... Compared to the adolescent-onset subtype, the childhood onset subtype, especially if callous and unemotional traits are present ... The second is known as the "adolescent-onset type" and occurs when conduct disorder develops after the age of 10 years. ... Lower IQ and reading problems were most prominent in their relationships with childhood and adolescent antisocial behaviour." ...
"Evidenced-based assessment of conduct problems in children and adolescents". Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent ... tobacco, and illicit drug use". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 23: 281-302. doi:10.1007/bf01447558. Brown, SA.; Gleghorn ... Almost all adolescents who have a substance use disorder have conduct disorder-like traits, but after successful treatment of ... Individuals with adolescent-onset conduct disorder exhibit less impairment than those with the childhood-onset type and are not ...
Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 7(2), 243-248. Ritt-Olson, A., Unger, J. B., Valente, T., Nezami, E., Chou, C.-P., Trinidad, D. R ... Exploring peers as a mediator of the association between depression and smoking in young adolescents. Substance Use & Misuse, ... He is the founding director of the China Seven Cities Study, a longitudinal study of tobacco use and lifestyles in seven of ... His research contributions include mechanisms of action in community-based approaches to tobacco-, alcohol-, and drug-abuse ...
Tobacco Control 12.3 (2003), p.293 French, Simone A. and Cheryl L. Perry, "Smoking among Adolescent Girls: Prevalence and ... The President of the American Tobacco Company, Percival Hill, was one of the first tobacco executives to seek out the women's ... "Cigarette Smoking for Weight Loss or Control Among Adolescents: Gender and Racial/Ethnic Differences." Journal of Adolescent ... "Cigarette Smoking for Weight Loss or Control Among Adolescents: Gender and Racial/Ethnic Differences." Journal of Adolescent ...
This is because adolescents are easy targets for the tobacco industry, as they are influenced effortlessly to 'try new things ... It was noted that education and tobacco control measures are also important, so that adolescents are aware and understand the ... The amount of advertising that is being publicized is still striking attention in adolescent's minds. This is why tobacco ... "Child and Teen Tobacco Use". www.cancer.org. Retrieved 2015-09-01. Wheeler, Mark. "Tobacco smoking impacts teens' brains, UCLA ...
Eissenberg, Thomas; Balster, Robert L (May 2000). "Initial tobacco use episodes in children and adolescents: current knowledge ... suggest the reason drug use most often occurs in adolescent populations is due to the developmental maturity of the adolescent ... a measure of current tobacco use), thereby supporting their theory that humans regulate the amount of tobacco used in response ... "Risky sexual behaviors among adolescents with alcohol use disorders". Journal of Adolescent Health. 25 (3): 179-181. doi: ...
Journal of Adolescent Research, 215 (21), 215-244 Mackay J., & Eriksen M. (2002). The Tobacco Atlas. World Health Organization ... The tobacco industry is particularly concerned with younger audiences because they constitute the future of smoking and tobacco ... According to insider documents from tobacco companies RJ Reynolds and Philip Morris, tobacco companies had several strategies ... Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. 9 (8): 845-852. doi:10.1080/ ...
However, a recent study finds that maternal tobacco smoking has no direct causal effect on the child's IQ. Adjusting for ... Neighborhood risk has been related to lower school grades for African-American adolescents in another study from 2006. A 2010 ... Effects on fetal development are minimal when compared with the well-documented adverse effects of tobacco or alcohol use. ... Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy is associated with increased activity, decreased attention, and diminished ...
"Reasons for Electronic Cigarette Experimentation and Discontinuation Among Adolescents and Young Adults". Nicotine & Tobacco ... Japan Tobacco also bought the UK E-Lites brand in June 2014. On 15 July 2014, Lorillard sold blu to Imperial Tobacco as part of ... British American Tobacco was the first tobacco business to sell e-cigarettes in the UK. They launched Vype in 2013, while ... Tobacco harm reduction (THR) is replacing tobacco cigarettes with lower risk products to reduce death and disease. E-cigarettes ...
Adolescents are at increased risk for tobacco, alcohol and drug use; Peer pressure is the main reason why start using ...
Under the new Tobacco Law of 2005, adolescents are forbidden from buying and selling tobacco. Legislation governing alcohol was ... This policy and the Mongolia National Programme on Adolescents and Youth Development defined youth as those from ages 15 to 34 ... "Health of Adolescents in Mongolia" (PDF). World Health Organization- Western Pacific Region. Retrieved October 21, 2015. " ... July 1, 2005). "LAW ON TOBACCO CONTROL" (PDF). Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada. Chairman of the State Great Hural of ...
Camel increased its adolescent customer base dramatically, from less than 1% before 1988 to more than 13% in 1993. Tobacco ... "2000 Surgeon General's Report-Reducing Tobacco Use: Tobacco Advertising and Promotion". Centers for Disease Control and ... The tobacco industry has begun to use a variety of other marketing tools and strategies to influence people and attract new ... "History of Tobacco Regulation". druglibrary.org. Retrieved 2007-03-31. Ingram, Billy. "Cigarette Advertising on TV". TVParty. ...
... point-of-sale tobacco display exposure and brand awareness in Scottish secondary school students. Nicotine & Tobacco Research ... Jackson C., Haw S., Frank J. Adolescent and Young Adult Health in Scotland: Interventions That Address Multiple Risk Behaviours ... Tobacco Control (published online first) 2017; 0:1-6. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053691 171. Wennerholm C, Bromley C, ... Relationship between trying an e-cigarette and subsequent cigaretter experimentation in Scottish adolescents: a cohort study. ...
Adolescents return to the colony within six years; however they will not start breeding until 11 to 15 years. About 31.5% of ... Play media Sailors used to capture the birds for their long wing bones, which they manufactured into tobacco-pipe stems. The ...
"Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to Protect Children and Adolescents" (PDF ... Since July 2008, companies may face prosecution if found selling tobacco to anyone under the legal age, 20 years old. To avoid ... In order to aid the restriction of sale of tobacco to minors, cigarette machines are regulated in many countries. ...
For example, if a person who uses tobacco heavily develops lung cancer, then it was probably caused by the tobacco use, but ... Children and adolescents are twice as likely to develop radiation-induced leukemia as adults; radiation exposure before birth ... Tobacco smoke contains over fifty known carcinogens, including nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Tobacco is ... "How much of the decrease in cancer death rates in the United States is attributable to reductions in tobacco smoking?". Tobacco ...
... older adolescents have decreased their use of smokeless tobacco products between 2008 and 2011. Thus, while smokeless tobacco ... "Adolescent and young adult tobacco prevention and cessation: current status and future directions". Tobacco control. 12 (suppl ... Tobacco Use". Smoking and Tobacco Use. Retrieved 2017-12-03. Landman, A.; Ling, P. M.; Glantz, S. A. (2002). "Tobacco industry ... Tobacco Use". Smoking and Tobacco Use. Retrieved 2017-12-03. Jamal, A. (2017). Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School ...
Impact of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking behaviours. The Cochrane Database of Systematic ... 據統計，約每抽掉300到400万根香烟，就有一个人死于肺癌。五大菸業（英语：Big Tobacco）的影响力在吸烟文化中发挥重要作用。看到烟草广告的年轻的非吸烟者更有可能开始吸烟。近年來，人们越来越重視二手菸在誘發肺癌中的角 ... Signed, sealed and delivered: "
Pediatrics (AE) or paediatrics (BE) is devoted to the care of infants, children, and adolescents. Like internal medicine, there ... tobacco, alcohol). ...
Peer-group association and adolescent tobacco use.. Sussman S1, Dent CW, Stacy AW, Burciaga C, Raynor A, Turner GE, Charlin V, ... Contrary to our prediction, we found that skaters and dirts were more likely to use smokeless tobacco than were jocks. Our data ... We hypothesized that jocks would be the main users of smokeless tobacco. We identified the same groups and an additional one, ... We performed a replication with a Southern California cohort and also for use of smokeless tobacco. ...
72% posted signs marking a tobacco-free school zone.. Health Services. *44% provided tobacco-use prevention services at school ... 39% provided tobacco-use cessation services at school.. *22% provided tobacco-use cessation services to students through ... and prohibited students from wearing tobacco brand name apparel or carrying merchandise with tobacco company names, logos, or ... Prohibited all tobacco use by students, faculty and school staff, and visitors; in school buildings, outside on school grounds ...
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... adolescent tobacco use has declined for ,20 years.7 The impact of e-cigarettes on adolescent tobacco use trends that have ... Longitudinal data on emerging adolescent tobacco and alternative tobacco product use, including detailed information on ... E-cigarettes, Cigarettes, and the Prevalence of Adolescent Tobacco Use. Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, Robert Urman, Adam M. ... Risk factors for exclusive e-cigarette use and dual e-cigarette use and tobacco use in adolescents. Pediatrics. 2015;135(1). ...
Despite significant progress in tobacco control, 9.6 million US adolescents are exposed to tobacco smoke.1,2 Eliminating ... Walley SC; Section on Tobacco Control. . Public policy to protect children from tobacco, nicotine, and tobacco smoke. ... Nelson KE; Section on Tobacco Control. . Clinical practice policy to protect children from tobacco, nicotine, and tobacco smoke ... Adolescent Tobacco Smoke Exposure, Respiratory Symptoms, and Emergency Department Use. Ashley L. Merianos, Roman A. Jandarov, E ...
... ORIGINAL RESEARCH - Volume 17 - October 29, ... Of these, 1,877 students were excluded due to missing data on past-30-day tobacco use, including 1,128 with missing data on ... After these exclusions, 22,472 students with complete data for tobacco use and disability status remained. Of these, 2,244 were ... 76 with missing data on chewing tobacco use; 74 with missing data on ENDS use; 71 with missing data on little cigar use; and ...
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These findings provide the first longitudinal evidence to our knowledge that tobacco promotional activities are causally ... Tobacco industry promotion of cigarettes and adolescent smoking JAMA. 1998 Feb 18;279(7):511-5. doi: 10.1001/jama.279.7.511. ... Context: Whether tobacco advertising and promotion increases the likelihood that youths will begin smoking has important public ... Nationally, this would be over 700000 adolescents each year. Conclusion: These findings provide the first longitudinal evidence ...
... adolescent smoking rates have stabilized at levels well above national goals. Experts recommend screening for tobacco use and ... Antismoking advertising and tobacco sales taxes also help deter new smokers and motivate current smokers to attempt to quit. ... such as smoking bans and educational programs have been effective at reducing smoking rates in children and adolescents. ... exposure at every patient visit, although evidence of improved outcomes in adolescents is lacking. Counseling should be ...
Home / Health and Medicine / Study Finds Smoking in Movies Tied to Adolescent Tobacco Use ... According to a new study, when it comes to smoking, adolescents may be emulating the movie stars they see on the big screen. ... "For better or worse, adolescents watch a lot of movies," Sargent explains. "So many that they might see more smoking in films ... whether seeing tobacco in films precedes smoking. "The results," they conclude, "are the first step towards determining ...
Adolescent daily tobacco smokers experience acute impairments of verbal memory and working memory after smoking cessation, ... Results: In adolescent smokers, cessation of tobacco use increased tobacco craving, symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and ... We tested for evidence of acute and chronic effects of tobacco smoking on cognition in adolescents who smoked tobacco daily and ... Effects of smoking and smoking abstinence on cognition in adolescent tobacco smokers Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jan 1;57(1):56-66. ...
Household smoking restrictions and adolescents exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.. Biener L1, Cullen D, Di ZX, Hammond ... Reducing adolescents exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is an important public health goal. This paper identifies ... Data are from the 1993 Massachusetts Tobacco Survey, a telephone survey of 1,606 adolescents. ... Seventy-eight percent of adolescents reported exposure to ETS during the preceding week. Reported hours of exposure at home ...
Adolescent Tobacco Use Prevention Act (ATUPA). The Adolescent Tobacco Use Prevention Act (ATUPA) is found in Article 13-F of ... Included under this law are: cigarettes, cigars, bidis, gutka, chewing tobacco, powdered tobacco, shisha, or other tobacco ... New York State law also requires the name and address of the Retail Tobacco Dealer in violation of Article 13-F be made public. ... This law was enacted to help stop the sale of tobacco products and herbal cigarettes to anyone under the age of 18. ...
... adolescents who initiated tobacco use via smokeless tobacco had higher odds of currently using at least one tobacco product ... and other tobacco products (i.e., pipe tobacco or some other tobacco product) (1.2%). Demographic differences in adolescents ... Adolescents who initiated tobacco use via cigars (aOR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.13) or smokeless tobacco (aOR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.18 ... 5.04) had higher odds of being a multiple current tobacco product user, whereas adolescents who initiated tobacco use via e- ...
Cigarette smoking Tobacco control policy Smoking cessation Smoking prevention Adolescents This article is part of the Topical ... Nicotine and tobacco as substances of abuse in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2017;139(1). This technical report ... International Approaches to Tobacco Use Cessation Programs and Policy in Adolescents and Young Adults: Denmark. ... This paper provides an overview of approaches to tobacco control policies and smoking cessation programs targeting adolescents ...
... cannabis and alcohol use during pregnancy and risk of adolescent psychotic symptoms in offspring - Volume 195 Issue 4 - Stanley ... Maternal tobacco, cannabis and alcohol use during pregnancy and risk of adolescent psychotic symptoms in offspring. * Stanley ... Maternal tobacco, cannabis and alcohol use during pregnancy and risk of adolescent psychotic symptoms in offspring. * Stanley ... Maternal tobacco, cannabis and alcohol use during pregnancy andrisk of adolescent psychotic symptoms in offspring. Br J ...
Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study BMJ 2001; 323 :1394 ... Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study ... Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study ... Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study. BMJ 2001; 323 doi: https:// ...
Adolescents who engaged in online tobacco marketing were at increased risk for tobacco use, according to recently published ... Adolescents engaging in online tobacco marketing more likely to use tobacco. Soneji S, et al. Pediatrics. 2018;doi:10.1542/peds ... Adolescents who engaged in online tobacco marketing were at increased risk for tobacco use, according to recently published ... Adolescents who engaged in online tobacco marketing were at increased risk for tobacco use, according to recently published ...
Adolescents and young adults constitute a growing population of persons living with HIV infection. Early and continued tobacco ... This review will provide an important summary of current knowledge of tobacco use among HIV-infected adolescents, young adults ... The effects of tobacco use in these specific populations will be presented and the current state of tobacco control within ... There is, however, a dearth of research on effective tobacco control programs among people living with HIV, and especially ...
Tobacco use and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading ... Summary of "Differential associations of health literacy with Austrian adolescents tobacco and alcohol use.". Tobacco use and ... Tobacco Use Disorder. Tobacco used to the detriment of a persons health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included. ... Differential associations of health literacy with Austrian adolescents tobacco and alcohol use.. 08:00 EDT 16th July 2019 , ...
The purpose of this study was to increase screening and reporting of tobacco use in hospitalized adolescents at a tertiary care ... At baseline, 90.1% of patients were screened and 4.8% reported tobacco use. While the absolute number of adolescents reporting ... Run charts of the percentage of patients screened who reported tobacco use were created. Absolute counts of tobacco products ... the percentage of patients screened and reporting tobacco use was unchanged; the majority of e-cigarette users reported use of ...
Tobacco and Alcohol Use and the Impact of School Based Antitobacco Education for Knowledge Enhancement among Adolescent ... The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use among adolescent school students and further to ... Limited information is available on adolescent tobacco and alcohol use in rural Kerala, the southernmost state in India. ... The overall prevalence of self-reported ever users of tobacco in the current academic year was 7.4% (95% CI 5.86-8.94), while ...
Home Public Health and Safety UK Tobacco controls a success in cutting smoking among adolescents ... Tobacco Companies Must Finally Tell Public the Truth about Their Lethal Products - 11 Years After a Court Ordered It ... The data was taken from over 5,000 adolescents, aged 11-15, who were interviewed on their smoking habits as part of the UK ... The UK is recognised as having one of the most comprehensive tobacco control policies in Europe having, over the last 20 years ...
5) inform tobacco policy as it relates to adolescents; and 6) promote excellence in adolescent nicotine and tobacco research ... Archive of Adolescent Newsletters (SRNT membership required). Adolescent Network Webinars. Our 2017 webinar titled "Tobacco ... The mission of the adolescent network is to: 1) advance the state of the science in the area of adolescent nicotine and tobacco ... Dont miss these presentations highlighting tobacco and nicotine use in adolescents**. Adolescent-related podium and symposium ...
The Influence of Adolescent Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and Tobacco Use on Blood Pressure and Cholesterol in Young ... Ford, C. A., Nonnemaker, J., & Wirth, K. (2008). The Influence of Adolescent Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and Tobacco ...
SmokersCenters for DiseasAbstractCessationInterventionsAlcoholMETHODSCigarettesGlobal Youth Tobacco SurveyCONCLUSIONSInitiation2020FindingsPrevention2017BehaviorCigarette smoking among adoDependenceOutcomesLongitudinal studyPercent of adolescentsNicotine productsSubstanceAged 13-15 years2018IncreasesDeterminantsScreening2016Child and adolesMale and female adolescJournal of Adolescent HealthAddictionKing's CollegAdultsAdolescenceExposure to tobaccoPrevalence of cigareCaliforniaYoung adultInfluence adolescentsProblem among adolescentsEffects of tobaccoExposed to tobacco smokeMorbidityPublic healthSmoking PrevalenceCause of preventableAdult and adolescentLogistic regressionYouthGYTS
- To evaluate the association between receptivity to tobacco advertising and promotional activities and progress in the smoking uptake process, defined sequentially as never smokers who would not consider experimenting with smoking, never smokers who would consider experimenting, experimenters (smoked at least once but fewer than 100 cigarettes), or established smokers (smoked at least 100 cigarettes). (nih.gov)
- A total of 1752 adolescent never smokers who were not susceptible to smoking when first interviewed in 1993 in a population-based random-digit dial telephone survey in California were reinterviewed in 1996. (nih.gov)
- Antismoking advertising and tobacco sales taxes also help deter new smokers and motivate current smokers to attempt to quit. (aafp.org)
- In adolescent smokers, cessation of tobacco use increased tobacco craving, symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and depressed mood. (nih.gov)
- Adolescent smokers were found to have impairments in accuracy of working memory performance irrespective of recency of smoking. (nih.gov)
- Adolescent smokers experienced further disruption of working memory and verbal memory during smoking cessation. (nih.gov)
- Adolescent daily tobacco smokers experience acute impairments of verbal memory and working memory after smoking cessation, along with chronic decrements in cognitive performance that are consistent with preclinical evidence that neurotoxic effects of nicotine are more severe when exposure to nicotine occurs at earlier periods in development. (nih.gov)
- Health risks experienced by adolescents living with adult smokers can be substantially reduced by household smoking restrictions. (nih.gov)
- Escota G, Önen N. HIV-Infected Adolescent, Young Adult and Pregnant Smokers: Important Targets for Effective Tobacco Control Programs. (mdpi.com)
- Tobacco use begins in adolescence for the majority of smokers. (mdpi.com)
- We also found that having parents who were smokers exposed adolescents to ETS outside the home and having best friends who smoked exposed adolescents to ETS. (ajol.info)
- Students were asked about previous and current tobacco use, smoking cessation, and susceptibility to smoking initiation among non-smokers. (biomedcentral.com)
- Susceptibility to smoking initiation among non-smokers was 9.3% (95% CI: 8.1-10.7) among all adolescents, and 9% (95% CI: 7.6-10.7) among 13-15 year olds. (biomedcentral.com)
- About 88.1% of all adolescent smokers desired to quit and 57.9% of them had never received help to quit smoking. (biomedcentral.com)
- Most adolescent current smokers desire to quit and need smoking cessation support. (biomedcentral.com)
- While most adolescents who experiment with tobacco quit before developing nicotine dependence and becoming regular smokers, a substantial minority continue to that point. (biomedcentral.com)
- Overall and sex-specific prevalence of exposure to tobacco advertisements in several media, as well as the prevalence of smoking susceptibility (i.e., the lack of a firm commitment among never smokers not to smoke in the future or if offered a cigarette by a friend) were assessed. (biomedcentral.com)
- This FDA action focuses on e-cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy, acknowledging that if significant numbers of conventional tobacco cigarette smokers use e-cigarettes to quit and new e-cigarette users do not include children and adolescents who also begin using tobacco, the net impact at the population level could be positive. (apha.org)
- However, the FDA notes that the impact could be negative if the opposite is true: if current tobacco smokers continue to use both conventional tobacco and e-cigarettes or a significant number of people, especially young people, initiate tobacco use via e-cigarettes. (apha.org)
- Raising cigarette prices through tobacco taxation reduces smoking, but it is affected by smokers' income, the prices of different types tobacco brands and products such as roll-your-own tobacco. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Researchers used a new method of calculating affordability which took into account what individual smokers spent on their tobacco as well as their incomes. (kcl.ac.uk)
- For the first time, the researchers were able to assess the affordability of roll-your-own tobacco and found that this was more affordable: RYO smokers kept 96.3% of their income after paying for their roll-ups in 2006 which went down to 93.7% in 2014. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Using our new method which assesses affordability to individual smokers, we have shown that price rises don't necessarily translate to less affordable tobacco. (kcl.ac.uk)
- In the 17 self-initiated quitting survey studies, key predictors of quitting were living in a social milieu that is composed of fewer smokers, less pharmacological or psychological dependence on smoking, anti-tobacco beliefs (e.g., that society should step in to place controls on smoking) and feeling relatively hopeful about life. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- ATP use was as prevalent as cigarette smoking among adolescents, and ATP users were different from cigarette smokers in many demographic and psychosocial factors. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- Post A, Gilljam H, Rosendahl I, Bremberg S, Galanti MR. Symptoms of nicotine dependence in a cohort of Swedish youths: a comparison between smokers, smokeless tobacco users and dual tobacco users. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- Using a level of more than 30 ng of cotinine per ml of urine as a biomarker of active smoking, which is consistent with prior research, 12 percent of the adolescents were identified as active smokers. (medicalnewser.com)
- The percentage of individuals who were identified as active smokers was highest among the African-American adolescents, 32 percent. (medicalnewser.com)
- The studies analyse the impact of the measure on a range of different groups (including adolescents, adults, and cigarette and cigar/cigarillo smokers) and using a range of different datasets (including a National Tracking Survey, a NSW Tracking Survey, the 2013 Australian Secondary Students Alcohol Smoking and Drug Survey Extension and waves of data from the Australian component of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project). (health.gov.au)
- A randomized clinical trial of the efficacy of extended smoking cessation treatment for adolescent smokers. (stanford.edu)
- A total of 141 adolescent smokers in continuation high schools in the San Francisco Bay Area were randomized to either 9 additional group sessions over a 14-week period (extended group) or 4 monthly smoking status calls (nonextended group). (stanford.edu)
- Despite concerns regarding adolescent nicotine dependence, few well-designed smoking cessation studies have been conducted with teen smokers. (stanford.edu)
- This review includes studies that have examined the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for smoking abstinence and/or reduction in cigarette consumption among adolescent smokers who want to quit smoking, laboratory-based adolescent studies that have examined the efficacy of these medications in reducing cravings and/or withdrawal symptoms, and/or studies that have assessed the tolerability of medications for smoking cessation in adolescent smokers. (stanford.edu)
- Four adolescent smoking trajectories emerged: never smokers, experimenters, earlier/faster smoking adopters, and later/slower smoking adopters. (aacrjournals.org)
- Early adopters were characterized by their high novelty seeking personality, depressive symptoms, poorer academic performance, and receptivity to tobacco advertising, as well as their exposure to other smokers, and use of other substances. (aacrjournals.org)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015) Tobacco use among middle and high school students-United States, 2011-2014. (springermedizin.de)
- The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) believes that alcoholism amongst adolescents can lead to binge drinking and its on the rise. (bartleby.com)
- ABSTRACT Egypt assessed tobacco use among young people and adults through implementation in 2009 of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) among school students aged 13-15 years and the nationally representative Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) among adults aged 15+ years. (who.int)
- Tobacco Use Among Adolescents Karah Brasher National University Abstract This paper addresses the health behavior of tobacco use among adolescents. (bartleby.com)
- Abstract Bullying has been a serious problem among adolescents for centuries. (bartleby.com)
- 39% provided tobacco-use cessation services at school. (cdc.gov)
- This paper provides an overview of approaches to tobacco control policies and smoking cessation programs targeting adolescents and young adults in Denmark and presents current evidence of their effectiveness. (springer.com)
- First, engagement with online tobacco marketing was associated with higher incidences of tobacco use imitation, increased frequency of use and progression to poly-product use and a lower incidence of cessation. (healio.com)
- Second, engagement with online tobacco marketing was associated with lower incidence of tobacco use cessation. (healio.com)
- Adolescents who reported engaging in online tobacco marketing reported higher incidences of initiation (19.5% vs. 11.9%), increased frequency of use (10.3% vs. 4.4%) and progression to poly-product use (5.8% vs. 2.4%) and a lower incidence of cessation (16.1% vs. 21.5%) compared with those who reported no engaging in online tobacco marketing. (healio.com)
- 2010). Oral health risks of tobacco use and effects of cessation. (springer.com)
- Interventions to prevent smoking uptake or encourage cessation among young persons might help prevent tobacco-related illness. (annals.org)
- 19 trials (4 good-quality and 15 fair-quality) that were designed to prevent tobacco use initiation or promote cessation (or both) and reported self-reported smoking status or harms were included. (annals.org)
- While the incidence and prevalence of smoking in Ukraine has been reported to be growing [ 2 ], there are limited data on the cessation of smoking among adolescents and more so on gender-specific correlates for stopping smoking. (biomedcentral.com)
- In order to inform smoking prevention programs in Ukraine, we explored the gender-specific correlates of self reported cessation of smoking among adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
- Given the high rate of adolescent smoking, cessation remains a vital public health priority. (biomedcentral.com)
- In a two step analysis of questions about self-reported tobacco use cognitions, attitudes, and behaviors from youth enrolled during the 2003-2004 period in a Texas, state-wide, mandated tobacco cessation program (N=1807), four factors and 11 items were identified as significantly related to the influence of social context and adolescents' tobacco use. (biomedcentral.com)
- This paper provides a review of the last two and a half decades of research in adolescent and young-adult tobacco use cessation. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- A total of 66 tobacco cessation intervention studies - targeted or population - are reviewed. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- In addition, an exhaustive review is completed of adolescent self-initiated tobacco use cessation, involving 17 prospective survey studies. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- Still, these data suggest that use of adolescent tobacco use cessation interventions double quit rates on the average. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- Burton D: Tobacco cessation programs for adolescents. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- CDC: Youth tobacco use cessation meeting. (tobaccoinduceddiseases.org)
- This study examined the efficacy of extended cognitive-behavioral treatment in promoting longer term smoking cessation among adolescents. (stanford.edu)
- CONCLUSIONS: The significantly higher abstinence rate at follow-up for the extended treatment group provides strong support for continued development of longer term interventions for adolescent smoking cessation. (stanford.edu)
- It provides information on the pharmacologic action of each medication, the efficacy of each medication for adolescent smoking cessation, the tolerability of each medication based on reported adverse events, and compliance with the medication protocols. (stanford.edu)
- The providers at these high-volume settings should offer interventions to adolescents who are exposed to tobacco smoke and their families to decrease these symptoms and related morbidity. (aappublications.org)
- Community interventions such as smoking bans and educational programs have been effective at reducing smoking rates in children and adolescents. (aafp.org)
- Denmark should prioritize a comprehensive approach including enactment of tobacco control policies and implementation of interventions shown to be effective to prevent smoking initiation and encourage quitting among Danish youth. (springer.com)
- To review the evidence for the efficacy and harms of primary care-relevant interventions that aim to reduce tobacco use among children and adolescents. (annals.org)
- English-language trials of behavior-based or medication interventions that were relevant to primary care and reported tobacco use, health outcomes, or harms were included. (annals.org)
- Thank you for the opportunity to express our views on the draft research plan for tobacco and nicotine use prevention in children and adolescents through primary care interventions. (center4research.org)
- We support the efforts of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to carefully draft a research plan to guide the systematic review of available evidence for primary care interventions to reduce tobacco and nicotine use in children and adolescents. (center4research.org)
- In addition, the effectiveness of interventions may depend on the characteristics of the children/adolescents being targeted, such as age, gender, geographical location, SES, and age at first use of tobacco/nicotine products. (center4research.org)
- We believe public health programs targeting adolescent smoking should consider these factors in their design and implementation of gender sensitive interventions. (biomedcentral.com)
- Treating tobacco dependence: guidance for primary care on life-saving interventions. (nature.com)
- Chapters provide evidence-based guidelines for assessing adolescent treatment needs and review psychological, pharmacological, family, and self-help interventions. (worldcat.org)
- The role of adolescent self-help in substance abuse interventions.Community-based interventions to reduce alcohol use and misuse. (worldcat.org)
- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care clinicians provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent initiation of tobacco use among school-aged children and adolescents (ages 10-17). (hhs.gov)
- It spans theoretical and developmental constructs, summaries of evidence-based interventions for adolescent risk behaviors, metrics, and policy recommendations. (ebooks.com)
- Besides a comprehensive smoke-free environment, other tobacco-control interventions should extend to non-smoking adolescents, especially those having the predictors of SHS exposure found in this study. (populationmedicine.eu)
- To examine whether maternal use of tobacco, cannabis or alcohol during pregnancy increases risk of offspring psychotic symptoms. (cambridge.org)
- Differential associations of health literacy with Austrian adolescents' tobacco and alcohol use. (bioportfolio.com)
- Tobacco use and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. (bioportfolio.com)
- Given the paucity of evidence on the link between HL and adolescents' health behaviors, the present study examined overall HL and different components of HL and their associations with smoking and alcohol use among 13 to 17-year-old Austrian students. (bioportfolio.com)
- Limited information is available on adolescent tobacco and alcohol use in rural Kerala, the southernmost state in India. (hindawi.com)
- The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use among adolescent school students and further to understand the extent of knowledge pertaining to tobacco before and after conducting awareness programmes in schools. (hindawi.com)
- The overall prevalence of self-reported ever users of tobacco in the current academic year was 7.4% (95% CI 5.86-8.94), while that of ever alcohol users was 5.6% (95% CI 4.25-6.95). (hindawi.com)
- Apart from antitobacco awareness programmes, strict monitoring of trade of tobacco and alcohol products near educational institutions has to be conducted consistently to curb the problem. (hindawi.com)
- This study compared associations between parenting behaviors and alcohol and tobacco use to see if parenting was equally related to both behaviors. (ed.gov)
- Alcohol and tobacco use data were collected from 252 Latino adolescents living along the San Diego-Tijuana border. (ed.gov)
- Parenting was protective against alcohol use but not related to tobacco use. (ed.gov)
- Substance-using peers affected both alcohol and tobacco use. (ed.gov)
- Alcohol prevention efforts among Latino adolescents should target parenting behaviors. (ed.gov)
- We used repeated cross-sectional data of 174 878 15-year-old and 16-year-old adolescents from 25 countries from the 2007, 2011 and 2015 European Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs surveys. (espad.org)
- Difficulty with emotional regulation and use of drinking as a way to forget about problems can predict some adolescent alcohol-related problems. (rand.org)
- Adolescent tobacco and alcohol use and gambling. (stm.fi)
- The purpose of researching alcoholism amongst adolescents is because alcohol is a drug. (bartleby.com)
- The national institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism informed me on a lot of background information regarding alcoholism and adolescents and its affects. (bartleby.com)
- This paper hypothesizes that the outcome, adolescent alcohol use, is not only the product of multilevel influences, but also of risk factors accumulated over the individual's life course, and presents a graphic conceptual framework in order to demonstrate this. (bartleby.com)
- Rates of adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking stood at historic lows in 2011, but marijuana use trended upward, according to the Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. (drugabuse.gov)
- Discusses 2009 prevalence rates of cigarette, alcohol, prescription drug, and illicit drug use among adolescents and discusses trends in use over time. (drugabuse.gov)
- The book discusses the effects of commonly abused substances, from tobacco and alcohol to stimulants and opioids, on the human brain and the various psychosocial routes to their misuse by adolescents. (worldcat.org)
- More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined. (hhs.gov)
- Compared with cigarette-only smoking, exclusive ATP use and concurrent tobacco use were associated with younger age, higher perceived family financial status, absence of cigarette smoking peers, poor knowledge about smoking and more frequent alcohol use. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- Despite decades of research surrounding determinants of alcohol and tobacco AandT use among adolescents, built environment influences have only recently been explored. (duhnnae.com)
- Adolescent e-cigarette use has increased rapidly in recent years, but it is unclear whether e-cigarettes are merely substituting for cigarettes or whether e-cigarettes are being used by those who would not otherwise have smoked. (aappublications.org)
- To understand the role of e-cigarettes in overall tobacco product use, we examine prevalence rates from Southern California adolescents over 2 decades. (aappublications.org)
- Smoking prevalence among Southern California adolescents has declined over 2 decades, but the high prevalence of combined e-cigarette or cigarette use in 2014, compared with historical Southern California smoking prevalence, suggests that e-cigarettes are not merely substituting for cigarettes and indicates that e-cigarette use is occurring in adolescents who would not otherwise have used tobacco products. (aappublications.org)
- It is unknown whether e-cigarettes are merely substituting for cigarettes or whether e-cigarettes are increasing total adolescent tobacco product use via initiation by those who would not otherwise have smoked. (aappublications.org)
- Since the introduction of electronic cigarettes into the US market in 2007, 1 adolescent use has increased rapidly, particularly in the past several years. (aappublications.org)
- Data from the National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of adolescents in the United States, show that current (past 30-day) use of e-cigarettes increased exponentially from 1.1% in 2011 to 16.0% in 2015 among high school students. (aappublications.org)
- 6 In 2014, current use of e-cigarettes surpassed current cigarette use for the first time in several national studies (including the NYTS 2 and the Monitoring the Future Study 8 ), as well as in a number of local and state-level studies, 9 - 11 including our study of Southern California adolescents. (aappublications.org)
- Adolescents who otherwise would have smoked may be using e-cigarettes instead of cigarettes. (aappublications.org)
- Alternatively, e-cigarettes may be recruiting new users who otherwise would not have initiated cigarette use (or perhaps any other tobacco product) if e-cigarettes were not available. (aappublications.org)
- Currently, 3 million U.S. adolescents younger than 18 years smoke cigarettes. (aafp.org)
- 3 A significant number of adolescents who use illicit drugs smoked cigarettes first. (aafp.org)
- The Adolescent Tobacco Use Prevention Act (ATUPA) is found in Article 13-F of the NYS Public Health Law which covers regulation of tobacco products and herbal cigarettes and their distribution to minors. (gobroomecounty.com)
- This law was enacted to help stop the sale of tobacco products and herbal cigarettes to anyone under the age of 18. (gobroomecounty.com)
- Herbal cigarettes are made primarily of an herb or combination of herbs and are intended to be used in the same manner as tobacco. (gobroomecounty.com)
- This study demonstrates that adding e-cigarettes to screening increases reporting and suggests systems level changes are needed to improve tobacco use reporting. (mdpi.com)
- Michael Green, Pre-Doctoral Fellow at the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow, and lead researcher on the project, said: "We tracked the chances of young people starting smoking across the UK over the past two decades and during this period of tightening tobacco controls, we found that young people had become less likely to try cigarettes or establish a daily smoking habit. (healthcanal.com)
- Adolescents who were exposed to the power wall during a shopping trip were about 15 percent more likely to say they would be willing to use electronic cigarettes in the future as compared to adolescents who were not exposed to the power wall. (medicalxpress.com)
- E-cigarettes are now the most commonly used tobacco products among young people in the United States. (medicalxpress.com)
- Our findings provide evidence that hiding the tobacco wall in convenience stores might reduce the number of adolescents who try e-cigarettes," said Michael S. Dunbar, the study's lead author and a behavioral scientist at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. (medicalxpress.com)
- This is evidence that the tobacco power wall helps influence the attitudes of adolescents toward not only combustible cigarettes, but vaping products as well. (medicalxpress.com)
- These outlets are awash in posters for tobacco products, signs for price promotions and the tobacco power wall-the display of cigarettes, other tobacco products and-in recent years-e-cigarettes that is prominent behind the checkout counter. (medicalxpress.com)
- After accounting for factors such as demographic characteristics and prior use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes, researchers found that exposure to the visible tobacco power wall was associated with significant increases in willingness to use e-cigarettes in the future. (medicalxpress.com)
- Adolescents were over 14 times more likely than adult women to currently smoke cigarettes and 11 times more likely to smoke waterpipes. (who.int)
- En outre, la prévalence de la consommation de cigarettes chez les adolescentes a augmenté, passant de 1,4 % selon les résultats de l'enquête mondiale sur le tabagisme chez les jeunes de 2005 à 2,8 % en 2009, ce qui indique que les normes sociales et culturelles pourraient être en train de changer. (who.int)
- To examine whether tobacco initiation via e-cigarettes increases the likelihood of subsequent tobacco use among a large representative sample of US adolescents. (springermedizin.de)
- Collectively this suggests e-cigarettes may lead to an increased use of tobacco among adolescents. (springermedizin.de)
- De Andrade M, Hastings G, Angus K (2013) Promotion of electronic cigarettes: tobacco marketing reinvented? (springermedizin.de)
- Results from the analyses revealed high rates of adolescent tobacco use (lifetime) of both cigarettes and alternative tobacco products, and prompting (e.g., caregivers' request that adolescents retrieve, buy, or smoke tobacco products with them). (vcu.edu)
- Altogether, 2800 adolescents reported having ever smoked cigarettes. (biomedcentral.com)
- The effectiveness of price increases as a deterrent to cut smoking is being undermined by the availability of cheap tobacco, including roll-your-own and cartons of factory-made cigarettes, according to new research. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Tobacco Use Among Adolescents Over the last decade of two there has been a huge push to end the use of tobacco products such as cigarettes and chewing tobacco. (bartleby.com)
- Marijuana Use vs. Tobacco Use: "High school students are more likely to use marijuana than to smoke cigarettes. (drugwarfacts.org)
- Unlike conventional tobacco cigarettes, e-cigarettes do not generate side-stream vapor (aerosol between puffs). (apha.org)
- Also, research suggests that use of e-cigarettes may lead minors to try other tobacco products, including conventional tobacco cigarettes. (apha.org)
- Many e-cigarette manufacturers promote their products as a healthier alternative to and substitute for conventional tobacco cigarettes, marketing them as a method to reduce or quit conventional tobacco smoking. (apha.org)
- In 2010, a federal court in Sottera v. FDA ruled that the FDA needed to establish regulations for tobacco products such as e-cigarettes that are marketed without therapeutic claims, that is, tobacco products that are sold over the counter or in vending machines. (apha.org)
- Subsequently, in April 2014, the FDA proposed a rule that would extend its tobacco authority to cover commercial sales of e-cigarettes as nontherapeutic tobacco products. (apha.org)
- This has been especially evident in the recent explosion of interest in e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products. (scoop.it)
- In Michigan, tobacco companies spend $295 million yearly to market cigarettes and other tobacco products to young adults," Hanson said. (tobacco.org)
- In 2014 and for the first time in history, more teenagers used electronic cigarettes (or e-cigarettes) than smoked tobacco cigarettes. (hhs.gov)
- This trend continued in 2018, as more high school students used e-cigarettes or similar devices to vape (i.e., inhale vapors that include nicotine) than smoked tobacco cigarettes. (hhs.gov)
- This study aimed to assess cigarette-only smoking, exclusive ATP use, and concurrent use (cigarettes and ATPs) among adolescents in Hong Kong. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- White J, Li J, Newcombe R, Walton D. Tripling use of electronic cigarettes among New Zealand adolescents between 2012 and 2014. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- Studies show that spit tobacco may be more addictive than smoking cigarettes and may be more difficult to quit. (dentists4kids.com)
- 15.7% of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days in 2013. (healthypeople.gov)
- In November 2013, New York City enacted legislation that raised the age to purchase tobacco products to 21, and also set a minimum price of $10.50 per pack of cigarettes, among other provisions. (wikipedia.org)
- Sales of cigarettes, other tobacco products or electronic cigarettes to people under age 21 can result in New York City fines of up to $1,000 for the first violation and any other violation found that same day, and up to $2,000 for the second violation and any subsequent violation within three years. (wikipedia.org)
- Data from the Kampala Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) of 2002 was used. (ajol.info)
- A cross-sectional study of 4332 adolescents in 8th to 10th grades in 25 urban and 24 rural secondary schools in Enugu, Nigeria was done using Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) methodology. (biomedcentral.com)
- We used data from the Ukraine Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2005. (biomedcentral.com)
- The 2007-2008 Global Youth Tobacco Survey was analyzed for students aged 13-15 years in 20 LMICs. (biomedcentral.com)
- Conclusions: Prevention programs aimed to reduce teen [cigarette] smoking must also be designed to reduce other forms of tobacco use. (ebscohost.com)
- Conclusions: The tobacco power wall increases adolescents' smoking risk, and this effect is partly explained by the effect of the power wall on adolescents' perceptions of how normative smoking is. (tobacco.org)
- Initiation of tobacco use was predicted using multivariate logistic regression models among never-users at baseline. (healio.com)
- The aim of the current study was to examine the immigrant paradox with respect to tobacco-related perceptions and parenting influences in smoking initiation among Latinx adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
- Youth tobacco-related perceptions, general parental monitoring, and parental tobacco use predicted Latinx adolescent cigarette use initiation by 10th grade. (biomedcentral.com)
- Latinx adolescents might not have deferential smoking rates based on generation status, suggesting that the immigrant paradox concept may not hold for smoking initiation among Latinx adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
- Rather, factors influencing cigarette initiation generally in adolescents as a group appear to apply to Latinxs as well. (biomedcentral.com)
- Specifically, this report focuses on adolescents who recently initiated the use of substances (i.e., in the 12 months prior to the interview) and who were aged 17 or younger at the time of initiation. (samhsa.gov)
- 1. Strict tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation, including enforcement of laws banning cigarette sales to minors and regular compliance checks, was associated with lower odds of baseline cigarette use and lower odds of cigarette initiation and use over time in adolescents. (mhmedical.com)
- 2. Odds of e-cigarette use initiation was also lower among adolescents in jurisdictions with strict TRL. (mhmedical.com)
- Furthermore, the impact of TRL on initiation of tobacco products and alternative tobacco products is poorly understood. (mhmedical.com)
- In this prospective cohort study, researchers used survey data from 2014 to 2016 to compare rates of cigarette initiation and use among 11th- and 12th-grade adolescents over 1.5 years in jurisdictions with strict TRL compared to areas with less strict TRL. (mhmedical.com)
- Compared to adolescents in jurisdictions with relatively relaxed TRL regulation, adolescents in jurisdictions with stricter TRL regulation had lower odds of cigarette use at baseline, and lower odds of cigarette and e-cigarette use initiation at follow-up. (mhmedical.com)
- For physicians, these findings highlight the importance of advocating for stronger TRL policy as an effective regulatory tool for reducing adolescent tobacco initiation and use. (mhmedical.com)
- These findings provide the first longitudinal evidence to our knowledge that tobacco promotional activities are causally related to the onset of smoking. (nih.gov)
- The authors caution, however, that their findings are limited by the study design, which cannot determine the temporal sequence of events-that is, whether seeing tobacco in films precedes smoking. (innovations-report.com)
- Researchers say the findings provide more evidence that the point-of-sale advertising found in convenience stores is a persuasive force in encouraging young people to use tobacco. (medicalxpress.com)
- The findings are published online by the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research . (medicalxpress.com)
- These findings suggest that policies aimed at limiting exposure to e-cigarette and other tobacco advertising at the point of sale may help reduce the impact of industry advertising efforts on future nicotine and tobacco product use among adolescents," Dunbar said. (medicalxpress.com)
- The findings also showed that all of the caregiver variables including: prompting, monitoring, as well as caregiver antismoking messages together impacted adolescents' tobacco-related outcomes including their attitudes about tobacco, refusal efficacy and their intentions to use (at six months and adulthood), and their actual use. (vcu.edu)
- These findings underscore the need for more tobacco education that includes not only adolescents, but also parents, and other important caregivers (e.g., extended kin/family members) that helps increases knowledge surrounding the dangers of parental prompting, the importance of parental monitoring of youths whereabouts and peers, as well as parent-adolescent antismoking communication in reducing the prevalence of adolescent smoking/tobacco use (including the use of ATPs). (vcu.edu)
- These are among the findings of the 2019 Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey. (stm.fi)
- Researchers from King's College London and the University of Bath have developed a new way of calculating affordability for tobacco in the UK, with findings published in the BMJ's journal Tobacco Control . (kcl.ac.uk)
- The Surgeon General's report Preventing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults summarizes the causes, the solutions, and the latest findings about the epidemic of tobacco use among these groups. (hhs.gov)
- Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use 1975-2018: Overview, key findings on adolescent drug use. (hhs.gov)
- 85% required students to receive instruction on tobacco-use prevention. (cdc.gov)
- 61% provided students with the opportunity to practice communication, decision-making, goal-setting, or refusal skills related to tobacco use prevention in a required health education course. (cdc.gov)
- 27% had a school health council that addressed tobacco-use prevention. (cdc.gov)
- 14% involved students' families and 23% involved community members in the development, communication, and implementation of policies or activities related to tobacco-use prevention. (cdc.gov)
- 25% had or participated in a youth empowerment or advocacy program related to tobacco-use prevention. (cdc.gov)
- 44% provided tobacco-use prevention services at school in one-on-one or small-group sessions. (cdc.gov)
- 31% provided tobacco-use prevention services to students through arrangements with providers not located on school property. (cdc.gov)
- WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017, monitoring tobacco use and prevention policies. (springer.com)
- 2012). Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health. (springer.com)
- The goals of the study were to evaluate the effects of the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Prevention Initiative and its shutdown on youth smoking patterns, and to better define the patterns of development of tobacco use in adolescents. (umich.edu)
- Adolescent smoking prevention and intervention programs will need to consider this heterogeneity and tailor or enhance attention to risk and protective factors depending on the subpopulation. (aacrjournals.org)
- Information on smoking trajectories and the characteristics of trajectory membership are critical to effectively target adolescents for smoking prevention and intervention programs. (aacrjournals.org)
- By utilizing this type of approach, it is possible to inform which adolescents should be targeted, what type of programs may be most helpful (e.g., primary or secondary prevention, intervention), factors that may need to be addressed within the program, and when adolescents should be targeted. (aacrjournals.org)
- Extensive research documents the effect of tobacco control policies on youth smoking behavior, especially that of increasing prices on tobacco. (springer.com)
- RAND research on the physical and mental health of adolescents examines such topics as teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), substance use, obesity and physical activity, depression and suicide, and the influence of the media on sexual behavior. (rand.org)
- There are many risk factors that contribute to this health behavior, as well as risk factors that contribute to the morbidity and mortality of tobacco use among adolescents. (bartleby.com)
- By addressing the major population-based risk factors for CVD in children and adolescents, these guidelines will support pediatric care providers in optimizing CV health in infancy, early childhood, and adolescence-developmental periods when many health behavior patterns develop, risk factors may become evident, and risk reduction should have the greatest impact. (nih.gov)
- This study will determine the effectiveness of a health education intervention in reducing health risk behavior and improving health in adolescents with depression. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The association between decreasing distance to the nearest AandT retailer and increased AandT use in Latino adolescents reveals an additional risk behavior determinant in the US-Mexico border region. (duhnnae.com)
- Despite the public health significance of smoking among adolescents, our understanding of the longitudinal patterns of adolescent smoking behavior and the determinants of these patterns remains limited. (aacrjournals.org)
- Given this heterogeneity in adolescent smoking behavior, more sophisticated developmental models are necessary to understand the longitudinal pathways (i.e., trajectories) of smoking acquisition during adolescence. (aacrjournals.org)
- Nicotine replacement therapy is recommended for adolescents who meet criteria for tobacco dependence. (aafp.org)
- Tobacco dependence is included. (bioportfolio.com)
- Residential Treatment Compared With Outpatient Treatment for Tobacco Use and Dependence. (ebscohost.com)
- OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of outpatient vs residential treatment for tobacco dependence in a large referral practice. (ebscohost.com)
- Scientific investigation of these constituents and their contribution to tobacco dependence is less well developed than for nicotine. (semanticscholar.org)
- Specific for primary care, that advocates for a holistic, bio-psycho-social approach to most problems, the starting point is to approach tobacco dependence as an eminently treatable condition. (nature.com)
- 1 Tobacco dependence is a deadly epidemic killing up to half its users. (nature.com)
- Fagerström K, Eissenberg T. Dependence on tobacco and nicotine products: A case for product-specific assessment. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- Aboaziza E, Eissenberg T. Waterpipe tobacco smoking: What is the evidence that it supports nicotine/tobacco dependence? (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- The purpose of this study was to assess the measurement properties of a scale for measuring nicotine dependence in an adolescent population. (confex.com)
- Currently, pharmacologic aids are not recommended for treating adolescent nicotine dependence, as efficacy has not been shown in this population. (stanford.edu)
- Experts recommend screening for tobacco use and exposure at every patient visit, although evidence of improved outcomes in adolescents is lacking. (aafp.org)
- Associations between health literacy and patient outcomes in adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis. (bioportfolio.com)
- The role of functional health literacy in long-term treatment outcomes in psychosocial care for adolescents. (bioportfolio.com)
- Although among adolescents with psychosocial problems low health literacy may increase the risk of poor treatment outcomes, the contributing mechanisms within treatment remain unclear. (bioportfolio.com)
- For example, the type of primary care intervention (i.e. family counseling sessions, anti-tobacco messages, tele-counseling sessions, pharmacotherapy) may greatly influence outcomes. (center4research.org)
- Research suggests that parents' own tobacco use, caregiver-adolescent antismoking communication, and parenting practices (e.g., prompting, parental monitoring) may work to influence adolescents' tobacco-related attitudes and behavioral outcomes (e.g., refusal efficacy, intentions to use and actual use). (vcu.edu)
- A longitudinal study of 6356 adolescents, age 12, who completed a semi-structured interview for psychotic symptoms in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. (cambridge.org)
- The data was taken from over 5,000 adolescents, aged 11-15, who were interviewed on their smoking habits as part of the UK Household Longitudinal Study between 1994 - 2008 with imputed and retrospective data expanding this to cover a period between 1990 and 2012. (healthcanal.com)
- Both studies used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a national, longitudinal study following youth from 7th grade into young adulthood. (biomedcentral.com)
- The Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort (MACC) Study is a population-based, longitudinal study that enrolled 3636 youth from Minnesota and 605 youth from comparison states age 12 to 16 years in 2000-2001. (umich.edu)
- Seventy-eight percent of adolescents reported exposure to ETS during the preceding week. (nih.gov)
- Indeed, 22.5 percent of adolescents who watched between one and three hours of television a day committed aggressive acts later in life, compared with 5.7 percent among those who spent less than one hour in front of the tube. (scientificamerican.com)
- Ninety-four percent of adolescents ages 13 to 19 in an economically disadvantaged, largely minority population in San Francisco had measurable levels of a biomarker specific for exposure to tobacco smoke (NNAL). (medicalnewser.com)
- About a third of 14 to 18-year-olds and half of 12-year-olds believe in the objective set in the Finnish Tobacco Act to end the use of tobacco and other nicotine products in Finland by the year 2030. (stm.fi)
- More than a third of young adults report using both cannabis and tobacco or nicotine products, providing a unique challenge to public health officials as cannabis is legalized in more jurisdictions. (rand.org)
- In December 2015, Cleveland passed a local ordinance to ban the sale of tobacco and nicotine products to any persons under the age of 21. (wikipedia.org)
- Parents can impact adolescent substance use, but it is unclear which substances are most affected. (ed.gov)
- The second edition of this book incorporates the latest theory, research, and best practices for understanding, treating, and preventing substance abuse among adolescents. (worldcat.org)
- Topics featured in the book include:The effect of family and caregiver situations on adolescent substance abuse. (worldcat.org)
- A biological/genetic perspective on adolescent substance abuse. (worldcat.org)
- Adolescent Substance Abuse, Second Edition, is a must-have reference for researchers, clinicians/practitioners, and graduate students in the fields of child and school psychology, social work, public health, developmental psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, and various interrelated mental health and social policy arenas. (worldcat.org)
- Smoking is the most common method of consuming tobacco, and tobacco is the most common substance smoked. (wikipedia.org)
- 2 , 6 The increase in overall tobacco product use appears to be largely driven by increases in e-cigarette and hookah use in 2013 and 2014, and continued increases in e-cigarette use in 2015, along with no decline in cigarette smoking from 2014 to 2015. (aappublications.org)
- Whether tobacco advertising and promotion increases the likelihood that youths will begin smoking has important public policy implications. (nih.gov)
- The UK is recognised as having one of the most comprehensive tobacco control policies in Europe having, over the last 20 years, adopted new laws such as tax increases and bans on advertising tobacco products and smoking in public places. (healthcanal.com)
- The addition of five minor tobacco alkaloids increases nicotine-induced hyperactivity, sensitization and intravenous self-administration in rats. (semanticscholar.org)
- Benowitz explained that exposure of adolescents to secondhand smoke poses a public health challenge because it increases risk for respiratory infections, aggravates asthma, and is linked to an increased likelihood of becoming an active smoker. (medicalnewser.com)
- Dr Chipty found that after controlling for a range of variables, including excise tax increases since 2010, and socio-demographic factors, tobacco plain packaging in combination with graphic health warnings was associated with a statistically significant estimated decline in smoking prevalence of around 0.55 percentage points between December 2012 and September 2015, or about one quarter of the total drop in prevalence during the period. (health.gov.au)
- Screening for tobacco use in adolescents is recommended at each physician visit, although the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has found the evidence insufficient to recommend for or against routine screening in this age group. (aafp.org)
- Access the AAFP clinical recommendations for screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in adolescents and adults. (aafp.org)
- Boston's Tobacco 21 law went into effect on February 15, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
- In March 2016, Chicago passed its Tobacco 21 ordinance. (wikipedia.org)
- In March 2016, San Francisco joined the ranks of major American cities to pass an ordinance to raise the tobacco and nicotine sales age to 21. (wikipedia.org)
- Similar patterns were observed for prevalence rates in 11th grade, for rates of ever use, and among both male and female adolescents and both Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White adolescents. (aappublications.org)
- Finally both male and female adolescents who were sure or most probably that they would not smoke a cigarette offered to them by their best friends were more likely, and those adolescents who were sure that smoking is harmful to health were less likely to stop smoking. (biomedcentral.com)
- Tobacco use during adolescence is a substantial problem and adolescents are at higher risk of addiction and prolonged use. (biomedcentral.com)
- Addiction and Adolescent Brain Development: "Addictive substances also adversely affect brain development and maturation in the areas related to motivation, judgment, inhibition and selfcontrol. (drugwarfacts.org)
- Attorneys last week debated what role, if any, nicotine addiction and tobacco marketing played in a Florida man's death from complications related to heart disease, as trial began against Philip Morris. (tobacco.org)
- The Tobacco 21 campaign is produced and funded by the Preventing Tobacco Addiction Foundation, a public health nonprofit organization established in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
- Established in 1996, the Preventing Tobacco Addiction Foundation strives to reduce the terrible toll of smoking and tobacco use through a preventive effort. (wikipedia.org)
- 2 Almost one fourth of adolescents smoke by the time they graduate from high school, and almost 90 percent of adults who smoke began at or before age 18. (aafp.org)
- There is, however, a dearth of research on effective tobacco control programs among people living with HIV, and especially among adolescents, young adults and pregnant women, groups with heightened or increased vulnerability secondary to tobacco use. (mdpi.com)
- Adolescents and young adults constitute a growing population of persons living with HIV infection. (mdpi.com)
- This review will provide an important summary of current knowledge of tobacco use among HIV-infected adolescents, young adults and pregnant women. (mdpi.com)
- About 12 percent of young adults surveyed were aware of new products that heat-but do not burn-tobacco to produce a nicotine-containing aerosol that is inhaled. (rand.org)
- Using this new method, they show that despite price rises, tobacco has only become a little less affordable, but not enough to change behaviours for the 9 million UK adults who continue to smoke. (kcl.ac.uk)
- 1,2,3 However, tobacco use by adolescents and young adults has declined substantially over the past 40 years. (hhs.gov)
- The patterns of care audit will obtain population-based data on treatment for cancers that are common among adolescents and young adults (AYAs). (cancervic.org.au)
- Most smoking and tobacco use is initiated during adolescence, making this distinct developmental stage of particular relevance for tobacco researchers. (srnt.org)
- This article examines how friendship networks in adolescence are linked to tobacco use trajectories through a combination of analytic techniques that traditionally are located in separate literatures: social network analysis and developmental trajectory analysis. (rand.org)
- The onset of tobacco use typically occurs during childhood or adolescence. (drplace.com)
- Future studies of how in utero exposure to tobacco affects cerebral development and function may lead to increased understanding of the pathogenesis of psychotic phenomena. (cambridge.org)
- The tobacco industry specifically targets youth, especially in developing countries, to retain them as lifetime users [ 14 ] who will experience prolonged exposure to tobacco and its associated health risks. (biomedcentral.com)
- Our data show nearly ubiquitous exposure to tobacco smoke in this population of economically disadvantaged adolescents, which highlights the need for new public health initiatives to reduce exposure," he added. (medicalnewser.com)
- The objectives as set out in the Act are to improve public health by discouraging people from using tobacco products, discouraging relapse of tobacco use and reducing exposure to tobacco smoke. (health.gov.au)
- The PIR concluded that the tobacco plain packaging measure has begun to achieve its public health objectives of reducing smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke in Australia and it is expected to continue to do so into the future. (health.gov.au)
- Moreover, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adolescent girls had increased from 1.4% in the 2005 GYTS to 2.8% in 2009, indicating that social and cultural norms may be changing. (who.int)
- Weighted prevalence of cigarette-only smoking, exclusive ATP use, and concurrent tobacco use were calculated. (tobaccopreventioncessation.com)
- From these data, we estimate that 34% of all experimentation in California between 1993 and 1996 can be attributed to tobacco promotional activities. (nih.gov)
- The authors acknowledge the passing Dr. Margaret Walsh, whose exceptional leadership and scholarship over 37 years at the University of California will have a lasting impact in the field of tobacco control. (springer.com)
- California became the second state to implement a statewide Tobacco 21 law. (wikipedia.org)
- The pack of bills were described as the "most expansive" attempt to regulate tobacco use within the state of California in over a decade. (wikipedia.org)
- We tested for evidence of acute and chronic effects of tobacco smoking on cognition in adolescents who smoked tobacco daily and were compared with adolescent nonsmokers. (nih.gov)
- The effects of tobacco use in these specific populations will be presented and the current state of tobacco control within these populations, assessed. (mdpi.com)
- Strong measures should be taken to increase students' awareness of the adverse health effects of tobacco use and to control their access to tobacco. (who.int)
- Participants will also be given 'take home brochures' every week containing messages on the effects of tobacco and how to make their homes smoke-free. (waocp.org)
- Despite significant progress in tobacco control, 9.6 million US adolescents are exposed to tobacco smoke. (aappublications.org)
- 3 , 4 Evidence reveals that adolescents who are exposed to tobacco smoke are at substantial risk for cough, wheeze, acute respiratory infections, pneumonia, ear problems, and asthma. (aappublications.org)
- Fewer and fewer people are exposed to tobacco smoke in Finland. (stm.fi)
- One in every three adolescents was exposed to tobacco smoke either inside or outside home, and exposure to SHS outside home was higher than inside home. (populationmedicine.eu)
- Additionally, there is an increased acuity for tobacco control among HIV-infected pregnant women to reduce pregnancy morbidity and improve fetal outcome. (mdpi.com)
- Background: Tobacco use is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. (ebscohost.com)
- To reduce the burden of tobacco-related morbidity and mortality, monitoring of adolescent tobacco use is imperative. (biomedcentral.com)
- Some scientists have also adopted this harm reduction approach, recognizing the burden of global tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. (apha.org)
- Over the last four decades, there has been a dramatic improvement in the survivorship of those with both childhood and adolescent cancers, in part due to improved research and treatment , development of new and better drugs, and a better understanding of the complications and morbidity of cancer treatment. (cancersupportivecare.com)
- Reducing adolescents' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is an important public health goal. (nih.gov)
- Effective tobacco control measures are crucial to prevent this public health crisis. (biomedcentral.com)
- Tobacco use and the associated health risks are a major public health concern. (vcu.edu)
- Alcoholism amongst adolescents is a major public health problem. (bartleby.com)
- It focuses on special needs and public health programs for adolescents. (ebooks.com)
- While the full effect of tobacco plain packaging is expected to be realised over time, early available evidence indicates that the measure is beginning to achieve its public health objectives and is expected to continue to do so into the future. (health.gov.au)
- Adolescent smoking remains a public health problem. (stanford.edu)
- Changing Adolescent Smoking Prevalence: Where It Is and Why. (free-ebooks.net)
- The Department engaged Dr Tasneem Chipty, of Analysis Group, an expert in econometric analysis to perform an analysis of the Roy Morgan Single Source smoking prevalence data to ascertain whether the tobacco plain packaging measure had had a discernible effect on the prevalence of smoking in Australia. (health.gov.au)
- The adjusted odds ratios of lifetime and current use of tobacco use were estimated by logistic regression analysis while controlling for important socio-ecological factors associated with tobacco use. (springermedizin.de)
- Multilevel logistic regression models examined smoking behaviour (regular smoking vs other) and perceived access (easy vs difficult) as a function of display ban implementation and controlled for survey year, gender, parental education and implementation of other tobacco control policies. (espad.org)
- The association ALA grade and cigarette and alternative tobacco product use was evaluated using logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic factors and other tobacco product use at baseline. (mhmedical.com)
- Our data show that both tobacco forms are used by problem-prone youth. (nih.gov)
- Ahmad S, Billimek J (2007) Limiting youth access to tobacco: comparing the long-term health impacts of increasing cigarette excise taxes and raising the legal smoking age to 21 in the United States. (springermedizin.de)
- Rates of adolescent smoking are disconcertingly high and understanding the motivations for use - and assisting youth with quitting - has become a national focus. (biomedcentral.com)
- Retrieved from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/ . (hhs.gov)
- Preventing that early inoculation requires a concerted societal and political strategy including school-based education, reduced media exposure, counter-marketing, tobacco and smoke free homes and public areas and youth access restrictions. (wikipedia.org)