Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Bahamas: A chain of islands, cays, and reefs in the West Indies, lying southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. It is an independent state, called also the Commonwealth of the Bahamas or the Bahama Islands. The name likely represents the local name Guanahani, itself of uncertain origin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p106 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Schools: Educational institutions.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Neurobiology: The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Oman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.Iris: The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.PhiladelphiaJuvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Crisis Intervention: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Drug Utilization Review: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Nomograms: Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Fluoxetine: The first highly specific serotonin uptake inhibitor. It is used as an antidepressant and often has a more acceptable side-effects profile than traditional antidepressants.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Antivenins: Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Gonzales, Nancy (2010). "Family and Peer Influences on Adolescent Behavior and Risk-Taking" (PDF). Retrieved November 28, 2010 ... However, adolescents who were more committed to a personal identity had lower rates of risk behaviors. Overall, this study ... Dumas, T; D. Wolfe (2012). "Identity development as a buffer of adolescent risk behaviors in the context of peer group pressure ... A study done in 2012 focused on adolescents' engagement in risk behaviors. Participants completed a self-report measure of ...
Articles that reference psychology, human behavior, and risk-taking (5.0). The writers believe that these are biased in favor ... The writers believe that suicide can be a good and rational choice-even for adolescents. ... Others take more extreme action to make their point. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks have been made against the ... These complaints come from those who take an extreme view on issues of the rights of persons with acquired disabilities. They ...
Affiliation with friends who engage in risk behaviors has been shown to be a strong predictor of an adolescent's own behavior.[ ... Those who were most likely to take risks in the presence of peers (but took fewer risks when there were no passengers) had ... Maxwell, Kimberly A. (August 2002). "Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors". Journal of Youth ... In adolescence, risk-taking appears to increase dramatically. Researchers conducted an experiment with adolescent males who ...
"Earlier development of the accumbens relative to orbitofrontal cortex might underlie risk-taking behavior in adolescents". The ... which has been linked to greater risk-taking behaviors. The theory linking this hypoactivation to greater risk-taking is that ... "Risk-taking and the adolescent brain: who is at risk?". Developmental Science. 10 (2): F8-F14. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2006. ... Adolescent risk-taking is more likely to occur in the presence of peers compared to adults. Animal studies have found that ...
Recent research has shown that risk-taking behaviors in adolescents may be the product of interactions between ... During their adolescent years, teens are known for their high-risk behaviors and rash decisions. Recent research[citation ... Because teens often gain a sense of reward from risk-taking behaviors, their repetition becomes ever more probable due to the ... an individual is more likely to take on a risk when evaluating potential losses, and are more likely to avoid risks when ...
... thrill seeking and risk taking behaviour and thus alcohol and other drug experimentation and abuse is common. An adolescent ... Additionally the risk-taking behavior associated with adolescence promotes binge drinking. ... The suicide risk in adolescents is more than 4 times higher among binge drinkers than non-binge drinking adolescents. ... Other risk factors include: using alcohol as a coping strategy for emotional problems (more common in adolescent girls), ...
where he served as Senior Research Scientist and director of many projects on adolescent health and risk taking behavior. His ... It paints a detailed picture of the protective factors associated with adolescent risk taking behavior and identifies important ... experts on the effectiveness of school and community programs in the reduction of adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors. In ... Strengthening and Evaluating Programs to Reduce Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking, Pregnancy, HIV and Other STDs Resource Center ...
... cognition includes studies of risk-taking behavior and sexual decision making as it pertains to HIV in youth and adolescents. ...
"The Type-T Personality", in Self-regulatory Behavior and Risk Taking: Causes and Consequences (1991). Farley, Frank H.; Davis, ... Stamoulis, Kathryn; Farley, Frank (2010). "Conceptual approaches to adolescent online risk-taking". Cyberpsychology: Journal of ... pointing out that the risk-taking behaviors that led to political success might also predispose to acts of sexual indiscretion ... risk-taking personality? Such an adventure would certainly be a thrill, and definitely a risk. Marisa Lazo, 23, was rescued ...
NN4Y distributes information about prevention programs that have proven to reduce health risk-taking behaviors to community- ... Training specialties include HIV prevention, adolescent health, sexual and reproductive health, youth development, and sexual ...
... relate to adolescents' risk-taking behaviours? Research suggests that when faced with a decision, adolescents perceive risks ... With feelings of invulnerability, it can be said that an adolescent is more likely to participate in risk behavior. A study was ... A valid and reliable measure of the personal fable would be an invaluable aid to assessing adolescent risk-taking potential and ... The persistence of the personal fable could contribute to continued risk-taking behavior even though that age group physically ...
She is known for her research on risk-taking and psychological adjustment of adolescents, young adults, and couples. Many of ... "Bidirectional Associations Between Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior from Adolescence into Young Adulthood". Archives ... Adolescent males exhibited a strong correlation between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviors, whereas this relationship ... Individuals high in agency often displayed low risk behaviors during sex because of their ability to engage in discussion with ...
... at-risk' population due to participation in risky behaviors such as taking drugs, experimenting sexually, and failing to use ... "Quality Sexual Education Needed for Adolescents in Egyptian Schools". PRB. "Quality Sexual Education Needed for Adolescents in ... In Egypt, adolescent SRH education is controversial and is opposed by some parents, religious and community leaders, ... Ma3looma uses various social media platforms as well as its own website to expose at-risk populations and the Egyptian youth ...
... as well as involvement in other problem behaviors that can contribute independently to sexual risk taking. The longitudinal ... explores the relationship qualities and the subjective meanings that motivate adolescent behavior. More specifically, this ... The study further investigates the relative impact of dating partners and peers on sexual behavior and contraceptive practices ... Data Sharing for Demographic Research  DSDR page for Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS): Wave 1, 2001  Data ...
One of these social impacts is the increase in risk-taking behaviors, such as the emergence of alcohol use. Children aged 16 ... The US Department of Health & Human Services identifies several factors influencing adolescent alcohol use, such as risk-taking ... The developing adolescent brain is at increased risk of brain damage and other long-lasting alterations to the brain. ... Gender differences may affect drinking patterns and the risk for developing alcohol use disorders. Sensation-seeking behaviors ...
At heart, she was an astute methodologist who took risks to develop reliable and reasonable measures. Her combination of ... Peer victimization is the experience among children of being a target of the aggressive behavior of other children, who are not ... Precursors of and diverse pathways to personality disorder in children and adolescents: Part 1 [Special Issue]. Development and ... Crick's innovative research on relational aggression examined behaviors involving social exclusion or spreading malicious ...
In any event, studies of adolescent development show that teenagers are more prone to risk-taking, which may explain the high ... prompting the undifferentiated behavior that associates with a risk of promoting delinquent behavior. The studies of gender ... Other risk factors that may be evident during childhood and adolescence include, aggressive or troublesome behavior, language ... However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior. This is because most teens tend to offend by ...
... and Risk Behavior among Adjudicated Adolescents". Journal of Adolescent Research. 19 (4): 428-445. doi:10.1177/0743558403258860 ... they may not be worried about consequence of risk taking behaviors like criminal involvement and violent behaviors. Equally, if ... do not see current behaviors as linked to future goals they may not be concerned with the consequences of risk taking behaviors ... externalizing behavior). Social cues and influences from peers can influence what adolescents might achieve or how they might ...
Atkinson, John W. (1957). "Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior". Psychological Review. 64 (6, Pt.1): 359-372. doi ... Adolescents with friends having high academic aspirations tend to have fewer problems academically. Achievement orientations ... The following are a list of ways a teacher can create a culture of risk taking: Provide encouragement: praise students for ... Verbal praise is often administered as a way to reinforce the performance or behavior of individuals and although there may be ...
Smoking has elements of risk-taking and rebellion, which often appeal to young people. The presence of peers that smoke and ... Urberg, K.; Shyu, S. J.; Liang, J. (1990). "Peer influence in adolescent cigarette smoking". Addictive Behaviors. 15 (3): 247- ... Extraversion is the trait that is most associated with smoking, and smokers tend to be sociable, impulsive, risk taking, and ... C. Merrill, J.; Kleber, H. D.; Shwartz, M.; Liu, H.; Lewis, S. R. (1999). "Cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, other risk behaviors ...
Chavanne, T. J., & Gallup, G. G. (1998). Variation in risk taking behavior among female college students as a function of the ... For example, young adolescents engage in more sexual behaviors if they have been exposed to more sexual content in the media or ... 2004). Watching sex on television predicts adolescent initiation of sexual Behavior. Pediatrics. 114(3). Available at: www. ... Sexually suggestive behaviors include things such as "showing more skin" and flirting. Both of these examples are behaviors ...
Borderline personality disorder and status-driven risk-taking have also been proposed as additions. The vulnerable dark triad ( ... Honesty-Humility contrasts antisocial behavior at the low end of the trait with pro-social behavior at the high end which ... Both studies suggest that this trolling may be linked to bullying in both adolescents and adults. Studies have suggested that ... more risk-taking in the form of substance abuse, a tendency to prefer immediate but smaller amounts of money over delayed but ...
For example, in determining the predictors of risk-taking behaviour of pilots in general aviation, attitudes towards risky ... take the test IAT Review chapter in Automatic processes in social thinking and behavior (seven years after IAT creation) ... a self-injury IAT differentiated between adolescents who injured themselves and those who did not), medical outcomes (e.g. ... Molesworth, Brett; Chang, Betty (2009). "Predicting pilots' risk-taking behaviour through an Implicit Association Test". Human ...
... adults taking these drugs did not appear to be at increased risk for any of the four outcomes, but that for children, the risks ... A study of 159,810 users of either amitriptyline, fluoxetine, paroxetine or dothiepin found that the risk of suicidal behavior ... Healy D, Brent D (2009). "Are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors a risk factor for adolescent suicides?". Canadian Journal ... Jick, H.; Kaye, JA; Jick, SS (2004). "Antidepressants and the Risk of Suicidal Behaviors". JAMA. 292 (3): 338-43. doi:10.1001/ ...
DSM-IV states, for example, that children and adolescents are at higher risk to develop an antisocial personality disorder if ... Dialectical Behavior Therapy with Suicidal Adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press (ISBN 978-1593853839) Spiel, W. & Spiel, G ... The term personality development disorder is used to emphasize the changes in personality development which might still take ... Children and adolescents however still show marked changes in personality development. Some of these children and adolescents ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... Humans may have taken part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities and raw materials (such as stone needed ... which allowed them a more nutritious diet and a decreased risk of famine. Many of the famines experienced by ... are to be expected in the fantasies of adolescent males during the Upper Paleolithic. ...
... we administered the Adolescent Risk-Taking Questionnaire (ARQ) (2), a premier measure of adolescent risky behavior, to all of ... Adolescents risk-taking behavior is driven by tolerance to ambiguity Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Adolescents risk-taking behavior is driven by tolerance to ambiguity. Agnieszka Tymula, Lior A. Rosenberg Belmaker, Amy K. Roy ... To verify that adolescents in our sample did not differ on common measures of risk-taking from adolescents that have been ...
... and risk-taking behavior (laboratory risk-taking and self-reported risk-taking tendency) in a large sample with continuous age ... and behavioral risk-taking measures do not always show the expected adolescent peak in risk-taking behavior (Defoe et al., 2015 ... laboratory risk-taking (balloon analog risk task; BART), and self-reported risk-taking tendency (Behavior Inhibition System/ ... Risk-taking behavior was assessed in two separate ways by using a well validated laboratory risk-taking task (Lejuez et al., ...
Risk, risk taking, and risk behavior are important and relevant topics for exploring in health education classes. The goal of ... alike should be to encourage youth to engage in constructive risk-taking behavior rather than alternative destructive behavior ... nutritional behavior, physical inactivity, and intentional injury. Newer youth risk behaviors, such as pathological gambling, ... learning activity for students to be able to reinforce concepts and facilitate understanding of the role of risk taking in ...
Suicide is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children and adolescents. In 2004 the Food and Drug ... Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers taking Antidepressants Julia ... Levin, A.P. (2009, Jan 1). SSRI Treatment of Children and Adolescents How Risky?How to Manage the Risk.The Psychiatric Times. ... Brent, D.A. & Mann, J.J. (2006).Familial Pathways to Suicidal Behavior - Understanding and Preventing Suicide among Adolescents ...
Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers taking Antidepressants Abstract. ... Adolescent Angst or True Intent? Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers ... Suicide is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children and adolescents. In 2004 the Food and Drug ... a term encompassing both suicidal thoughts and behavior, especially in the first few weeks of treatment. The warning was ...
Health behavior in adolescence Subject Risk-taking (Psychology) in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: Risk-taking ( ... Adolescent psychologyViolence in adolescenceRisk-taking (Psychology) in adolescenceHealth behavior in adolescenceAccidents. ... Teenagers--Alcohol useTeenagers--Drug useHealth behavior in adolescenceRisk-taking (Psychology) in adolescenceSubstance abuse-- ... Improving the Odds for Adolescents Publications Subject Health behavior in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: ...
This may explain why information campaigns on risky behaviors such as drug abuse tend to have only limited success. These are ... Adolescents are more likely to ignore information that could prompt them to rethink risky decisions. ... The patterns of adolescent risk-taking behaviors observed in previous experimental studies deviate sharply from those seen in ... The great unknown: risk-taking behaviour in adolescents. Teenagers are driven to seek new experiences ...
... responsible sexual behavior education, and improved contraceptive counseling and delivery. Many of these strategies are ... The family physician plays a key role by engaging adolescent patients in confidential, open, and nonthreatening discussions of ... Successful strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy include community programs to improve social development, ... This dialogue should begin before initial sexual activity and continue throughout the adolescent years. ...
Abstract: Adolescent risk taking behavior research rarely takes a decision making perspective. Seventy-one adolescents (ages 17 ... three risk taking scenarios were presented, each having both a risky and nonrisky intended behavior option. ANOVAs show ... willingness to take risks, optimism, pessimism, Dark Triad, and the Big Five). Focusing on Big Five personality traits in a ... The Web is a prominent platform for behavioral experiments, for many reasons (relative simplicity, ubiquity, and accessibility, ...
In our analysis, a history of forced sexual contact was associated with a higher risk of high school males involvemen … ... This study highlights the association between health-risk and problem behaviors, forced sexual contact, and involvement in ... Risk-Taking* * Sexual Behavior / psychology* Grant support * MCJ-MA 25915/PHS HHS/United States ... Adolescent males involved in pregnancy: associations of forced sexual contact and risk behaviors J Adolesc Health. 1998 Dec;23( ...
Risk-Taking Behaviors of Adolescents With Extreme Obesity: Normative or Not? Apr 25, 2011 Pediatrics added Apr 26, 2011 00:00 ... Obesity and Smoking Cigarettes A Deadly Combination; Think You Might Be At Risk? Smoking cigarettes is bad enough but when ... smoking is coupled with obesity the risks of premature death are more than doubled. See why this deadly combo takes the lives ...
Drug Abuse And Adolescent Risky Behavior. 884 Words , 4 Pages addictions begin with risk taking. So, why is it that adolescents ... Research shows that teenagers are at increased risk of poor mental health, antisocial behavior and risk-taking behavior such as ... Risk Factors For Adolescent Drug Abuse. 1462 Words , 6 Pages Body: Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Abuse There are an ... Risk Factors For Adolescent Drug Abuse. 1462 Words , 6 Pages * The Effects Of Substance Abuse On Adolescents. 1651 Words , 7 ...
Adolescent Behavior. Smoking. Violence. Alcohol Drinking. Risk-Taking. Subject: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. ... We investigated the practice of some of health-compromising behaviors among Omani adolescents and their correlates in a ... Through a self-administrated questionnaire the adolescents were asked about 6 risky behaviors: current smoking, ever use of ... Demographic and psychosocial variables related to their risk behaviors were also assessed. The results indicated that 4.6% were ...
Adolescent. *HIV Infections/ pc [Prevention & Control]. Male. Humans. Risk-Taking. Safe Sex. Sexual Behavior. HIV. HIV ... group-level intervention is effective in reducing HIV sex risk behaviors and increasing HIV testing of high-risk, incarcerated ... Perception of HIV risk [ Time Frame: concurrent ]. *Self-efficacy to use condoms and practice safe sex [ Time Frame: Concurrent ... Evaluation of the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) Intervention for Minority Adolescents. This study has ...
Key words: Adolescents; Adolescent behavior; Life style; Risk-taking; Social class. RESUMO ... at least one risk behavior; model 2: two risk behaviors; model 3: three or more risk behaviors). Socioeconomic variables, ... 1 risk behavior; 44% were exposed to two and 38% to three or more risk behaviors simultaneously. Male adolescents had a higher ... The risk behaviors of each adolescent were added to evaluate the frequency of simultaneous occurrence of multiple risk ...
... which took on the value of 1 if a response was logically inconsistent with a previous statement about having ever engaged in ... Prevalence of risk health behavior among adolescents: results from the 2009 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey ( ... Inconsistent reports of risk behavior among Brazilian middle school students: National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health ... Nevertheless, the data concerning adolescent risk behaviors from the PeNSE survey have apparently never been scrutinized for ...
... behaviors related to unintentional injuries and violence, dietary behaviors, physical activity, and sexual b … ... the existing empirical literature to assess cognitive and situational factors that may affect the validity of adolescents self ... The importance of assessing health-risk behaviors as part of research activities involving adolescents necessitates the use of ... Assessment of factors affecting the validity of self-reported health-risk behavior among adolescents: evidence from the ...
outreach clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors. BPD - borderline personality disorder. CAT - cognitive ... In summary, adolescent BPD is a severe mental disorder that is associated with frequent risk-taking and self-harm behavior, a ... Adolescents with BPD are more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors because of their tendency to act impulsively in ... Risk Taking and Self-Harm. Young peoples affinity to highly impulsive and self-damaging behavior places them at risk for ...
Adolescent sexual risk behavior has typically been studied within singular, isolated systems. Using a multi-system approach, ... risk factors, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. ... Sexual Risk Behavior: a Multi-System Model of Risk and Protective Factors in South African Adolescents. *Kaymarlin Govender. 1 ... Sexual Risk Behavior: a Multi-System Model of Risk and Protective Factors in South African Adolescents. Prev Sci 20, 1054-1065 ...
Sleep and risk-taking behavior in adolescents. Behav Sleep Med. 2005;3(3):113-133pmid:15984914. ... Adolescent sleep, risk behaviors, and depressive symptoms: are they linked? Am J Health Behav. 2010;34(2):237-248pmid:19814603 ... and unsafe behaviors and sexual practices.26,88 Eveningness is also associated with risk taking in the domains of financial, ... health risk behaviors, and well-being are strongest in adolescents and young adults.51 ...
Adolescent attitudes; AIDS/HIV prevention; Intervention; Risk taking behavior. To cite this abstract, use the following link:. ... It also assesses the degree to which they engage in high risk behaviors related to AIDS.. ... You are about to access WorldCat, NCJRS takes no responsibility for and exercises no control over the WorldCat site. ... Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Related to AIDS Among Youth in Residential Centers: Results From an Exploratory Study. ...
Tattoos and body piercings as indicators of adolescent risk-taking behaviors. Pediatrics2002;109:1021-7. ... Body piercing and high-risk behavior in adolescents. J Adolesc Health2004;34:224-9. ... Body piercing as a risk factor for viral hepatitis: an integrative research review. Am J Infect Control2001;29:271-4. ... More research is needed to determine which factors increase the risk of complications so that this information can be used to ...
This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. ... Igra, V., and Irwin, C. E. (1996). Theories of adolescent risk-taking behavior. In DiClemente, R. J., Hansen, W. B., and Ponton ... In DiClemente, R. J., Hansen, W. B., and Ponton, L. E. (eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Health Risk Behavior. Plenum, New York, ... This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. ...
Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults taking antidepressants (5.1). ... Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in children,adolescents, and young adults in short-term ... or unusual changes in behavior, whether or not they are taking antidepressant medications, and this risk may persist until ... showed that these drugs increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young ...
High-risk behaviorsAdolescenceAdultsPredictorsPregnancyTeenagersInterventionAbstractSexually transmitMultiple risk behaviorsSubstance-abuseYRBS1995PreventionProblem behaviorImpulsive behaviorYouthPrevalentDevelopmentalCorrelatesPeersAttitudes and behaviorsOutcomesPatternsQuestionnaireConsequencesReal-life risk-taking bDivision of AdolescentMethodsPrevalence of adolescentTeensMalesTeenageInitiationRecklessStudyResponsible Sexual BehaviorTendViolenceValidity of self-reportedAddictiveCondomDevelopment and risk-taking bDietary behaviorsSuicidal BehaviorJournal of Adolescent HealthData on adolescentTobaccoImpulsivityChildrenProtective FactorsPeerResearchersMaternalTolerance to ambiguitySexual intercourseSuicideResearchLevels of risk behaviorPerspective of adolescentAmong adolescentAmongst adolescentsRisky sexual
- Legally enforced age limits on gambling, drinking, driving, smoking, being able to open a bank account, and make medical decisions all limit adolescent engagement in high-risk behaviors. (pnas.org)
- It also assesses the degree to which they engage in high risk behaviors related to AIDS. (ncjrs.gov)
- Often, questioning a patient about her friends' high-risk behaviors (eg, alcohol consumption and drug use) can make the patient more receptive to answering the questions. (acog.org)
- They also examined the role of peer attitudes in the development of high-risk behaviors. (yourtango.com)
- Patients with mania often exhibit disregard for danger and engage in high-risk behaviors such as promiscuous sexual activity, increased spending, violence, substance abuse and driving while intoxicated. (aafp.org)
- So far from loosening the reins, parents of teenagers must become increasingly vigilant -- precisely because teens are so prone to engaging in high-risk behaviors. (bhg.com)
- Prior studies have highlighted adolescence as a period of increased risk-taking, which is postulated to result from an overactive reward system in the brain. (jneurosci.org)
- The longitudinal analyses confirmed the quadratic age pattern for nucleus accumbens activity to rewards (peaking in adolescence), and the same quadratic pattern was found for laboratory risk-taking (BART). (jneurosci.org)
- Thus, this longitudinal analysis provides new insight in risk-taking and reward sensitivity in adolescence: (1) confirming an adolescent peak in nucleus accumbens activity, and (2) underlining a critical role for pubertal hormones and individual differences in risk-taking tendency. (jneurosci.org)
- This review aims to inform practitioners in the field of adolescent health about the nature of BPD in adolescence and the benefits of early detection and intervention. (aappublications.org)
- Underage drinking is prevalent 1 2 and represents an important risk factor for risky sexual behaviour, 3 4 injury and mortality during adolescence 5 6 and subsequent alcohol abuse and dependence. (bmj.com)
- Overall, the majority findings suggest that post-weaning social isolation that encompasses pre-adolescence produces long-lasting alterations to anxiety behavior, while measures of monoaminergic activity in various limbic regions during social isolation suggest alterations to dopamine and serotonin systems. (frontiersin.org)
- In many countries, including the Netherlands and the United States, in which this study took place, onset of smoking and the transition into regular smoking are often observed in adolescence. (frontiersin.org)
- Clinically, early childhood adversity is a recognized risk factor for drug addiction [ 1 , 2 ], which typically first emerges during adolescence and early adulthood [ 3 , 4 , 5 ]. (mdpi.com)
- Research shows that risk-taking behaviors, such as binge drinking, may increase throughout adolescence. (brightsurf.com)
- Vitamin D deficiency in middle childhood could result in aggressive behavior as well as anxious and depressive moods during adolescence, according to a new University of Michigan study of school children in Bogotá, Colombia. (brightsurf.com)
- The ability to identify adolescents who may initiate health-damaging behaviors requires a basic understanding of the mortality and morbidity patterns of adolescence, an integrated view of biological and psychosocial processes of adolescence and how they interact with the environment, and views adolescents ascribe to risk. (ncjrs.gov)
- The authors say that the stereotype of the risky adolescent is based more on the rise of such behavior in adolescence than on its prevalence. (psychcentral.com)
- This research will help us to understand not only what makes adolescence a period of growth but also of risk," said co-author Theodore Satterthwaite, M.D., a faculty member in the Department of Psychiatry at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. (psychcentral.com)
- Risk-taking in adolescence is especially dangerous because teenagers often have a sense of invincibility. (bhg.com)
- Crowds serve as peer groups, and they increase in importance during early adolescence, and decrease by late adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
- One of the great dangers of adolescence, is the predisposition for "sensation seeking" behavior. (eurekalert.org)
- Though adults find ambiguous monetary lotteries undesirable, adolescents find them tolerable. (pnas.org)
- they have the highest rates of sexually transmitted diseases ( 4 ) and criminal behaviors ( 5 ) of any age group, and even drive faster than adults ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
- We know that younger children show risk-related behaviors clearly distinct from those of adults ( 8 ⇓ - 10 ). (pnas.org)
- Reckless driving, binge drinking, drug taking-it is well known that adolescents are more likely than adults to engage in risky and impulsive behavior. (mpg.de)
- The findings show that, relative to children and adults, adolescents are less interested in information that would help them to gauge the risks of their behavior. (mpg.de)
- In the study, 105 children, adolescents, and young adults aged 8-22 years old played various lotteries, each offering a chance of winning a certain amount of money. (mpg.de)
- 2. There are over 11 million adolescents and young adults between the ages of 12-25 that abuse and use drugs in the U.S. 90 % of these need treatment and are unable to get the help they need. (bartleby.com)
- Recent evidence demonstrates that BPD is as reliable and valid among adolescents as it is in adults and that adolescents with BPD can benefit from early intervention. (aappublications.org)
- Most studies have surveyed adolescents or young adults with most using convenience samples, in which selection bias is likely to have a major influence on the findings. (bmj.com)
- Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults taking antidepressants ( 5.1 ). (nih.gov)
- This study found that compared to adults, adolescents are more likely to rush into and get involved in situations where they don't know the chances of their success or where there is an equal chance of them winning or failing. (brainblogger.com)
- The most serious threats to the health and safety of adolescents and young adults are preventable. (hhs.gov)
- Adolescents in the United States have a higher proportion of pregnancies that are unintended and that end in abortion than do adults. (guttmacher.org)
- He heads two national policy centers focusing on adolescents and young adults: The National Adolescent Health Information and Innovation Center (NAHIC) and the Public Policy Analysis and Education Center for Adolescent and Young Adult Health. (ucsf.edu)
- Over 150 health professional graduate students and fellows have been trained in this program at UCSF since its inception.His current health services research program focuses on improving preventive screening practices in clinical settings and the financial and structural issues altering adolescents' and young adults' ability to access health care in the United States. (ucsf.edu)
- The overall goal of NAHIIC is to be the innovation center for the health, safety, development, and social and economic well-being of school aged children in the transition to adolescents, and young adults. (ucsf.edu)
- The overall goal of the Policy Center is to analyze effects of emerging public policies on the health and well-being of adolescents and young adults through systematic reviews of existing national, state and regional data sets and conducting prospective studies on implementation of new policies. (ucsf.edu)
- Adolescent and young adult health in the United States in the past decade: little improvement and young adults remain worse off than adolescents. (ucsf.edu)
- Women over fifty, adolescents, adults twenty-five to forty-four years of age, seniors living in public housing, prisoners, and blue-collar workers are all examples of populations. (encyclopedia.com)
- Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents and young adults taking antidepressants for major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. (nih.gov)
- This means teens are more prone than adults to engage in risk-taking behaviors. (constantcontact.com)
- Social media offers opportunities for adolescents and adults alike to instill and/or experience pressure everyday. (wikipedia.org)
- Two youths both choosing to initiate early into a risky behavior may have different outcomes as adults. (hhs.gov)
- In addition to the traumatic stressors encountered by adults, adolescents are also at risk of trauma related to bullying and embarrassment in school, violence in the home and community, experimentation with drugs, and other risky situations (Shaw, 2000). (ufl.edu)
- The FDA warning was based on studies in 2003 that found about 1 percent of adolescents and young adults experienced an increase in suicidal thinking after starting antidepressants. (bostonglobe.com)
- Nonetheless, the researchers concluded that bipolar adults typically engage in high levels of sedentary behavior during waking hours, indicating that future lifestyle interventions specifically targeting the prevention of sedentary behavior are warranted. (brainblogger.com)
- Adolescents are infamous for engaging in more risky behavior as they mature from children to adults. (cogneurosociety.org)
- His experiments have shown that adolescents respond differently to rewards, are more likely to take risks and are more sensitive to peers than adults. (wbur.org)
- Overall, research on adolescent energy drink consumption is lacking, however side effects similar to that seen in adults, have been reported in the adolescent population. (chiro.org)
- To our knowledge, there is no other adolescent BPD books on the market-only books focused on adults. (bpdfamily.com)
- Remarkably, many of the adults who were codefendants and took part in their crimes received lower sentences and will one day be released from prison. (hrw.org)
- Among adolescents, daytime sleepiness and a more "eveningness" chronotype (ie, tendency for later sleep onset and offset and timing of activity patterns) are both stronger predictors of poor self-regulation than is short nighttime sleep duration. (aappublications.org)
- Victimization, submissive behaviors, and forgiveness were predictors of bullying in gifted students. (springer.com)
- Although the pregnancy rate in adolescents has declined steadily in the past 10 years, it remains a major public health problem with lasting repercussions for the teenage mothers, their infants and families, and society as a whole. (aafp.org)
- Successful strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy include community programs to improve social development, responsible sexual behavior education, and improved contraceptive counseling and delivery. (aafp.org)
- 2 Since 1991, the adolescent pregnancy rate in the United States has fallen by 25 percent, from 116 to 87 per 1,000 females 15 to 19 years of age. (aafp.org)
- 4 , 5 Despite the decline, adolescent pregnancy remains a major public health problem with lasting repercussions. (aafp.org)
- Periodic counseling about effective contraceptive methods is recommended for all women at risk for unintended pregnancy. (aafp.org)
- All Americans are affected by adolescent pregnancy. (aafp.org)
- This study highlights the association between health-risk and problem behaviors, forced sexual contact, and involvement in pregnancy among sexually active male high school students. (nih.gov)
- In our analysis, a history of forced sexual contact was associated with a higher risk of high school males' involvement in pregnancy. (nih.gov)
- These results strongly suggest the importance of screening sexually active males for a history of forced sexual intercourse and health risk and problem behaviors in the effort to prevent teenage pregnancy and childbearing. (nih.gov)
- The hypothesis that adolescent males who cause a pregnancy are more likely to have been victims of forced sexual contact and to have engaged in health risk and problem behaviors in the recent past than their sexually active counterparts who have not been involved in a pregnancy was investigated through use of a subset of data from the Massachusetts (US) 1995 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. (nih.gov)
- In addition, males who were involved in a pregnancy reported a greater likelihood of engaging in 16 health risk and problem behaviors in the previous 1, 3, and 12 months than those not involved in a pregnancy. (nih.gov)
- These findings suggest a need to screen sexually active males for these risk factors, especially a history of forced sexual contact, as part of interventions aimed at preventing adolescent pregnancy. (nih.gov)
- To review the effectiveness of primary prevention strategies aimed at delaying sexual intercourse, improving use of birth control, and reducing incidence of unintended pregnancy in adolescents. (bmj.com)
- This interest places young people at risk of unintended pregnancy, with consequences that present difficulties for the individual, family, and community. (bmj.com)
- 6 7 In response, communities have implemented various pregnancy prevention strategies for adolescents, several of which have been evaluated. (bmj.com)
- 8 Several reviews have examined the effectiveness of pregnancy prevention programmes for adolescents in improving sexual behaviour. (bmj.com)
- Adolescent substance use is also associated with sexual risk behaviors that put young people at risk for HIV, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
- Studies conducted among adolescents have identified an association between substance use and sexual risk behaviors such as ever having sex, having multiple sex partners, not using a condom, and pregnancy before the age of 15 years of age. (cdc.gov)
- 1 Moreover, adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), 2 which along with unintended pregnancy impose enormous costs in human pain and suffering, in social and economic opportunity, and in social welfare and health care. (guttmacher.org)
- Trends in adolescent sexual behaviors influence rates of adolescent pregnancy and STDs, and are used to monitor the progress of health promotion activities. (guttmacher.org)
- For example, various studies have reported high seroprevalence of herpes type 2 (HSV-2) in specific populations, and official statistics show a high pregnancy rate among adolescents (1-3). (scielosp.org)
- The literature highlights risk factors that, if present in a women's life, intensify during pregnancy compromising the mental and physical health of the mother and child with consequences in the short/medium/long term. (francoangeli.it)
- Women who experience relationship violence during pregnancy also have elevated stress levels, increased rates of smoking, and increased risk for substance use -all of which are linked to poor maternal and infant health . (childtrends.org)
- 2. Partner violence increases risk of unplanned pregnancy and abortion. (childtrends.org)
- A synthesis of research studies found that physical intimate partner violence is linked to a greater risk of unplanned pregnancy and abortion . (childtrends.org)
- For adolescent females, dating violence is associated with increased risk of pregnancy, according to a nationally representative study. (childtrends.org)
- The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends group-based comprehensive risk reduction (CRR) interventions delivered to adolescents to promote behaviors that prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (thecommunityguide.org)
- Comprehensive risk reduction (CRR) interventions promote behaviors that prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (thecommunityguide.org)
- A thorough assessment of community needs and resources will help you develop the adolescent pregnancy , STD , and HIV/AIDS prevention strategy that best fits your community. (actforyouth.net)
- What are the adolescent pregnancy and STD/HIV rates in your community, for example? (actforyouth.net)
- Contraceptive knowledge and use at first sex have increased over time among Jamaican adolescents, yet high unintended pregnancy rates persist. (guttmacher.org)
- More information on risk factors for adolescent pregnancy is needed to inform programs. (guttmacher.org)
- Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine associations between adolescent pregnancy and early sexual debut, sexual coercion or violence and sexual risk-taking behaviors. (guttmacher.org)
- Adolescent pregnancy continues to be a major public health problem in Jamaica. (guttmacher.org)
- Despite widespread contraceptive knowledge and increased contraceptive use at first intercourse among Jamaican adolescents over the last decade (43% in 1993 vs. 67% in 2002), 35% of Jamaican women have their first pregnancy by age 19. (guttmacher.org)
- 1 Adolescent pregnancy contributes to increased maternal and child morbidity and mortality, school dropout and a decreased likelihood of being gainfully employed. (guttmacher.org)
- 4-6 There is a need to more fully understand what factors beyond contraceptive knowledge and use influence unintended pregnancy among sexually active adolescents. (guttmacher.org)
- This study examines risk factors for adolescent pregnancy in Jamaica by comparing pregnant adolescents with their sexually experienced, but never-pregnant, peers. (guttmacher.org)
- According to some studies, early sexual debut (commonly defined as having had first sexual intercourse at or before age 14) and experience of sexual coercion or violence contribute to unintended adolescent pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
- 7,8,14,16-21 Moreover, early sexual debut may lead to increased sexual risk-taking behavior, such as having multiple partners and not using contraceptives, and may be independently associated with pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
- Sexual coercion and sexual violence are receiving increased attention globally as health issues in their own right, and have been associated not only with early sexual debut, but with sexual risk-taking behavior and un- intended pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
- During brain development teenagers are likely to seek out new experiences that can lead to risky behavior. (bartleby.com)
- Research shows that teenagers are at increased risk of poor mental health, antisocial behavior and risk-taking behavior such as substance misuse (Raising Children Network, 2014). (bartleby.com)
- Teenagers do not engage in risk-taking behavior because they get a high from it. (brainblogger.com)
- For example, in one reported case, teenagers took elemental mercury from an old industrial facility and played with and spilled the elemental mercury in homes and cars [Nadakavukaren (cdc.gov)
- Teenagers $x Sexual behavior. (uncg.edu)
- A new review published in the journal Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience argues that teenagers' risky behaviors may be a matter of exploration rather than the result of an under-developed brain, which is the current popular theory. (psychcentral.com)
- In recent years, neuroscientists have proposed the theory that teenagers' seemingly impulsive and risky behaviors may be linked to low development of the prefrontal cortex and its weak connectivity with brain reward regions. (psychcentral.com)
- The reason teenagers engage in risk-taking behavior is that it's one way to demonstrate to themselves that they are capable, grown up, and independent from their parents. (bhg.com)
- While acknowledging that some behaviors can be risky, teenagers frequently say to themselves, 'But it won't happen to me. (bhg.com)
- Despite the bravado of adolescents, deep down, many teenagers are more than just a little bit frightened by the prospect. (bhg.com)
- Are young teenagers who are more aware of the risks in substance abuse less likely to later on become binge drinkers or smokers when they are high school seniors? (nlsinfo.org)
- I find young teenagers who had higher level of risk perception were less likely to be substance abusers by the time they were high school seniors. (nlsinfo.org)
- Antidepressants are the major pharmacologic intervention for treating MDD (Brent & Birmaher, 2002) and can ideally decrease a person's risk of suicidality. (omicsonline.org)
- The purpose of this program evaluation is to determine whether the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) group-level intervention is effective in reducing HIV sex risk behaviors and increasing HIV testing of high-risk, incarcerated or adjudicated youth. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Philadelphia Health Management Corporation (PHMC) is evaluating the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) group-level intervention for high-risk, incarcerated or adjudicated youth. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study evaluates the impact of a short educational intervention on the youths' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to AIDS. (ncjrs.gov)
- The results also show that a short intervention that provides information about AIDS is ineffective in reducing engagement in high risk activities. (ncjrs.gov)
- 26 trials described in 22 published and unpublished reports that randomised adolescents to an intervention or a control group (alternate intervention or nothing). (bmj.com)
- This unique model is recommended as a potential injury prevention and recovery intervention strategy for the myriad mental health comorbidities that may function as risk factors for poor post-injury adaptation and also as risk factors for possible future traumatic injury. (springermedizin.de)
- The family physician plays a key role by engaging adolescent patients in confidential, open, and nonthreatening discussions of reproductive health, responsible sexual behavior (including condom use to prevent sexually transmitted diseases), and contraceptive use (including the use of emergency contraception). (aafp.org)
- Many prevention programs are designed to reduce the number of adolescent pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. (aafp.org)
- High-risk sexual behavior was defined by the number of partners with whom adolescents had intercourse without a condom, since having multiple sex partners without using condoms puts adolescents at risk for contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. (yourtango.com)
- 9 , 10 Many of them have behavior and substance-abuse problems and lack the resources to fully foster the emotional development and enrichment of their children's lives. (aafp.org)
- 14 - 17 They are more likely to have behavior disorders and difficulties in school, and to engage in substance abuse. (aafp.org)
- They result from such risk-taking behaviors as fighting, substance abuse, suicide, and sexual activity rather than from illnesses. (hhs.gov)
- Substance abuse is one of these risks. (constantcontact.com)
- Meanwhile, adolescents are inundated with social and cultural messages concerning the risks and rewards of substance abuse. (constantcontact.com)
- for adolescents, peer pressure's relationship with sexual intercourse and substance abuse have been significantly researched. (wikipedia.org)
- Research is needed to identify risk factors specifically associated with the development of substance abuse. (nih.gov)
- Body piercing has been associated with increased risk-taking in adolescents including substance abuse, sexual risk taking, and violence and suicide. (pediatriceducation.org)
- This study therefore indicates that middle childhood health education can be an effective policy to curb youthful substance abuse by modifying teen risk perception. (nlsinfo.org)
- In 1995, 4159 students in Grades 9-12 in 59 randomly selected public high schools in Massachusetts were anonymously surveyed using the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). (nih.gov)
- According to the 2017 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), 40% of high school students have ever had intercourse and 29% of high school students are currently sexually active. (cdc.gov)
- The Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS). (hhs.gov)
- Conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, YRBS assesses the behaviors deemed most responsible for influencing health among the nation's high school students. (hhs.gov)
- Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM), the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) were compared. (guttmacher.org)
- The 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM). (hhs.gov)
- Prevalence estimates in 1995 differed significantly in at least one comparison of surveys for all behaviors except having four or more lifetime sexual partners (both genders) and having two or more recent sexual partners (females). (guttmacher.org)
- The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), 1994-2008 [Public Use] is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents in grades 7 through 12 during the 1994-1995 school year. (umich.edu)
- Add Health Wave I data collection took place between September 1994 and December 1995, and included both an in-school questionnaire and in-home interview. (umich.edu)
- 1 Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. (nih.gov)
- Implications of the findings for interventions targeting the prevention of adolescent sexual risk behavior are discussed. (springer.com)
- HIV prevention in adolescents and young people in the Eastern and Southern African region: A review of key challenges impeding actions for an effective response. (springer.com)
- However, a substantial proportion of them do not hold positive attitudes toward prevention and are actually engaging in unsafe behavior. (ncjrs.gov)
- Correlates and distribution of HIV risk behaviors among homeless youths in New York City: Implications for prevention and policy. (springer.com)
- A risk profile of street youth in northern California: Implications for gender-specific human immunodeficiency virus prevention. (springer.com)
- Primary prevention approaches that are most effective are those that address common risk factors. (cdc.gov)
- Prevention programs for substance use and sexual risk behaviors should include a focus on individuals, peers, families, schools, and communities. (cdc.gov)
- The project is supported by the Hilton Foundation and the CDC Foundation, and assesses the ability of rural communities to integrate substance use prevention and sexual risk prevention program activities in school-based settings. (cdc.gov)
- Conducting an analysis of local and state policies on adolescent substance use prevention. (cdc.gov)
- Irwin has served on several national and international initiatives on Adolescent Health including the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Adolescent Health Care Services and Models of Care for Treatment, Prevention, and Healthy Development and the Office of Technology Assessments' landmark report on Adolescent Health. (ucsf.edu)
- The importance of prevention while adolescents are in their early teens cannot be overstated. (nih.gov)
- Handbook of adolescent behavioral problems: Evidence - based approaches to prevention and treatment (pp.467-486). (springer.com)
- The slow development of the cognitive-control system also means that adolescents are less able to control impulsive behavior. (brainblogger.com)
- In fact, it's only a small subset of teens - those who exhibit impulsive behavior and have weak cognitive control - who are most at risk of unhealthy outcomes. (psychcentral.com)
- Newer youth risk behaviors, such as pathological gambling, are emerging as threats to public health. (ed.gov)
- The goal of health educators, teachers, administrators, and parents alike should be to encourage youth to engage in constructive risk-taking behavior rather than alternative destructive behavior. (ed.gov)
- Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. (springer.com)
- Health and health needs of homeless and runaway youth: A position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. (springer.com)
- 2,7 To address these issues, more needs to be done to lessen risks and increase protective factors for youth. (cdc.gov)
- Substance use and sexual risk behaviors share some common underlying factors that may predispose youth to these behaviors. (cdc.gov)
- Because substance use clusters with other risk behaviors, it is important to learn whether precursors can be determined early to help identify youth who are most at risk. (cdc.gov)
- CDC is engaging in a variety of efforts to develop strategies to combat substance use and sexual risk behaviors among youth. (cdc.gov)
- Together, the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys, the National Survey of Adolescent Males, and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health create a unique opportunity to describe the multiple risk-taking behaviors among diverse youth populations. (hhs.gov)
- Irwin is the recipient of the Adele Hofmann Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Outstanding Achievement Award in Adolescent Medicine from the Society for Adolescent Medicine, the Swedish Medical Society's International Lectureship Award, the National Center for Youth Law's Award for Research in High Risk Youth and the Society for Adolescent Medicine's Hillary Millar Award for his leadership of the National Adolescent Health Information Center. (ucsf.edu)
- To successfully negotiate the developmental transition between youth and adulthood, adolescents must maneuver this often stressful period while acquiring skills necessary for independence. (psu.edu)
- James H. Carter, Sr. Memorial Lecture: Presentation: Adolescent Risk-taking Behavior - Can Youth Be Saved? (duke.edu)
- It is truly disheartening that so many of our youth feel desperate enough to take their own lives, obviously feeling hopeless about ever feeling better. (mercola.com)
- The Center for Adolescent Health's research is guided by our vision of healthy and productive lifestyles for Baltimore youth. (jhsph.edu)
- Furthermore, this vision takes into consideration the disparities in life chances that youth in our neighborhood and throughout Baltimore face compared to other youth within the state and nation. (jhsph.edu)
- European Conference of Educational Research (Network 5: Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education), 28-30 September 2009 Berlin, Germany. (springer.com)
- By the age of 18, 43% of youth have experienced such an event ("Identifying and addressing trauma in adolescents," 2007). (ufl.edu)
- When gathering descriptive data on adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors and the risk and protective factors that influence these behaviors, consider social settings beyond political-geographical boundaries, such as individual schools, ethnic neighborhoods, or other priority communities such as youth in foster care. (actforyouth.net)
- To plan effective interventions, we also need to describe the specific risk and protective factors that affect youth in the community. (actforyouth.net)
- Further research is clearly needed to understand the brain development of youth who are at risk for adverse outcomes, as abnormalities of brain development are certainly linked to diverse neuropsychiatric conditions. (psychcentral.com)
- Adolescent drug abuse is a prevalent issue in today's society. (bartleby.com)
- Because inconsistent responses were more prevalent among the students who claimed to have engaged in risky activities, removing inconsistent responders affected the estimated prevalence of all risk behaviors in both editions of the survey. (scielo.br)
- This booklet provides a statistical portrait of teen participation in 10 of the most prevalent risk behaviors. (hhs.gov)
- These data suggest that risk behaviors are highly prevalent among Mexican adolescents. (scielosp.org)
- In fact, FCD's social-norms based survey reveals that students who suffer the most severe health consequences of use are those who have also underestimated the risks of use and overestimated how prevalent use is among their peers. (constantcontact.com)
- But according to scientists, sensation-seeking behavior and impulsivity have definite but distinct developmental timetables. (brainblogger.com)
- This developmental gap makes adolescents vulnerable to risk-taking behavior. (brainblogger.com)
- The findings suggest the same developmental processes are at work for both types of behaviors. (neurosciencenews.com)
- The developmental issues that all adolescents encounter exist also for gifted students, yet they are further complicated by the special needs and characteristics of being gifted. (davidsongifted.org)
- Each developmental stage means new opportunities for exposures to hazardous substances in play settings, in schools, and in adolescents' occupational environments. (cdc.gov)
- We investigated the practice of some of health-compromising behaviors among Omani adolescents and their correlates in a nationally representative secondary school-based sample of 1670 boys and 1675 girls. (who.int)
- The psychological sense of school membership among adolescents: Scale development and educational correlates. (springer.com)
- Adolescents engage in a wide range of risky behaviors that their older peers shun, and at an enormous cost. (pnas.org)
- Despite being older, stronger, and healthier than children, adolescents face twice the risk of mortality and morbidity faced by their younger peers. (pnas.org)
- Perhaps surprisingly, we found that adolescents were, if anything, more averse to clearly stated risks than their older peers. (pnas.org)
- The mortality and morbidity rates of adolescents are 200% greater than their younger peers, an increase that has been attributed to higher rates of what are traditionally called "risky behaviors. (pnas.org)
- Most adolescents want to be accepted by their peers. (brainblogger.com)
- Peer pressure (or social pressure ) is the direct influence on people by peers , or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes , values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual. (wikipedia.org)
- An insight is that children can monitor and intervene in their peers' behavior through pressure. (wikipedia.org)
- A study conducted in a remedial kindergarten class in the Edna A. Hill Child Development Laboratory in the University of Kansas designed a program to measure how children could ease disruptive behavior in their peers through a two-part system. (wikipedia.org)
- Science Daily - High-risk sexual behavior in adolescents appears to be influenced by the sexual attitudes of peers, and young people select friends whose attitudes about sex are consistent with their own attitudes. (yourtango.com)
- Researchers sought to determine how adolescents come to resemble their peers in risky attitudes and behaviors, attempting to learn whether they are encouraged by peers to adopt certain behaviors or gravitate toward others with similar attitudes and behaviors. (yourtango.com)
- Adolescents tend to spend more time with their peers and have less adult supervision. (wikipedia.org)
- Those who surround themselves with academically focused peers will be more likely to internalize this type of behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- In his Latency stage, which includes children from 6-12 years old and this is when the adolescents begin to develop relationships among their peers. (wikipedia.org)
- Chronic sleep loss in adolescents has been linked to impaired self-regulation and increased risk of adverse health and functional outcomes. (aappublications.org)
- Adolescent tobacco use is not only related to negative health outcomes and smoking later in life, but also to increased risk for developing other addictive behaviors ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Religiosity and spirituality are resources that can lessen risk behaviors and enhance positive outcomes [ 6 , 7 , 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
- In the previous chapter, we have shown that in general, adolescent risk taking is associated with diminished adult outcomes. (hhs.gov)
- In particular, the earlier one initiates into a risky behavior, the worse the outcomes will be. (hhs.gov)
- We have seen relationships between adolescent family structure and parents' education and adult outcomes. (hhs.gov)
- Those choosing early initiation are taking themselves down a path with an increased likelihood of bad outcomes. (hhs.gov)
- For this analysis, we address whether adolescent family structure and parents' education can help early initiators avoid bad outcomes. (hhs.gov)
- 20 Specifically, we examine the relationship between adolescent family structure and parents' education and long-term adult outcomes for early initiators. (hhs.gov)
- That is the question we address in this chapter, whether family structure and parents' education have an impact on the adult outcomes of adolescents who choose to initiate early into one or more risky behaviors. (hhs.gov)
- Community Assessments are the first step in a larger planning process for communities seeking to improve adolescent sexual health outcomes. (actforyouth.net)
- The patterns of adolescent risk-taking behaviors observed in previous experimental studies deviate sharply from those seen in real life. (mpg.de)
- Purpose: To determine whether patterns of adolescent risk behavior in rural populations, and especially farm populations, are associated with negative indicators of adolescent health and well-being, beyond an established association between risk-taking and injury. (cdc.gov)
- Peer groups contain hierarchies and distinct patterns of behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- BART), and self-reported risk-taking tendency (Behavior Inhibition System/Behavior Activation System questionnaire) were collected at both time points. (jneurosci.org)
- Participants completed the smoking approach-avoidance task, the classical and emotional Stroop task, brief implicit associations task, balloon analog risk task, the self-ordering pointing task, and a questionnaire assessing level of nicotine dependence and smoking behavior. (frontiersin.org)
- To protect adolescents from the consequences of their decisions, modern societies deploy a range of tools. (pnas.org)
- Educational programs inform adolescents of the risks and consequences of their behaviors in the hope that they will limit dangerous behaviors on their own. (pnas.org)
- When adolescents test their luck by experimenting with drugs or having unprotected sex, however, they may have only a vague idea of the possible consequences of their actions and the likelihoods of those consequences. (mpg.de)
- A promising alternative to information campaigns would be to give adolescents the opportunity to experience the consequences of their risky behavior-in virtual environments, for example," adds Hertwig. (mpg.de)
- These behaviors have harmful, even deadly, consequences. (hhs.gov)
- Adverse early-life experiences likely impart their long-term consequences on mental health by disrupting the normal development of neural systems involved in stress responses, emotional behavior and emotional states. (frontiersin.org)
- Therefore, the goal of this review is to evaluate and integrate classic and recent findings of the consequences of post-weaning social isolation on fear and anxiety-related behaviors, and potential neurobiological mechanisms underlying these changes in behavior, including alterations in neuroendocrine function and CRF/monoaminergic activity. (frontiersin.org)
- In Mexico, high rates of health-risk behaviors or their consequences have been documented among adolescents. (scielosp.org)
- Take, for example, one common area of risk-taking that can have very tragic consequences: reckless driving. (bhg.com)
- A positive correlation has been identified between prosocial and rebellious behaviors in teens. (neurosciencenews.com)
- 2 Teens who participate in multiple risks increase the chance of damaging their health. (hhs.gov)
- Three recent surveys measure relevant health risk behaviors in teens. (hhs.gov)
- Some teens are guided to substance use, because they believe it will be a low-risk, high-reward behavior. (constantcontact.com)
- Unfortunately, teens often assume that risky behavior is expected of them. (constantcontact.com)
- Teens take risks to 'play the odds' but can be taught otherwise. (cornell.edu)
- Romer added, "The reason teens are doing all of this exploring and novelty seeking is to build experience so that they can do a better job in making the difficult and risky decisions in later life - decisions like 'Should I take this job? (psychcentral.com)
- While giving feedback to teens regarding their level of risk taking didn't affect their behavior, feedback regarding the crack cocaine users risky behavior resulted in a reduction of risk-taking behavior. (brainblogger.com)
- It is your job to set limits on your teens' risk-taking and steer them toward age-appropriate ways of experimenting with their newfound desire for autonomy. (bhg.com)
- Sleep deprivation has measurable negative effects on teens' behavior and health. (rand.org)
- As a result, sensation seeking sexual behavior can last well into the late teens and even into the early twenties if young people are exposed to these kinds of movies. (eurekalert.org)
- To determine whether sexually active adolescent males who report being the victim of forced sexual contact and engaging in health risk and problem behaviors are more likely to report getting someone pregnant. (nih.gov)
- A large cross-sectional sample of 2561 adolescent ( M age = 14.92, SD age = 1.70) males ( n = 1282) and females in Grades 8 ( n = 1225) and 10 completed a range of self-report measures. (springer.com)
- Researchers using NSAM found that teen males were significantly more likely to report participation in many health risk behaviors using the computer rather than the paper self-administered questionnaires. (hhs.gov)
- For such behaviors as ever having had sexual intercourse (among Hispanic males and black females), using the pill and using the condom (among all females) and having four or more lifetime sexual partners (among white males), a significant trend was found in one survey while a similar but nonsignificant trend was found in another. (guttmacher.org)
- In the 1980s, national surveys documented increases in rates of initiation of sexual intercourse for both adolescent females and males, gains in condom use and decreases in oral contraceptive use. (guttmacher.org)
- Males who perpetrate relationship violence are less likely to use a condom, as are adolescent females in violent relationships. (childtrends.org)
- I will first go over gender typical behavior and stereotypes, move on to discuss an overview of the novels and then analyze the importance of the character's names, legitimizing myths for males and females, the supernatural element in the novels, the subtle differences in power and end with a discussion on why these gender role expectations are in place, and how they could be affecting the audience. (westminstercollege.edu)
- Males were more likely to consume than females, and this was strongly associated with masculinity and risk-taking behavior. (chiro.org)
- Compared with nonpregnant adolescents, teenage mothers are less likely to graduate from high school and are more likely to score below average in language and reading skills. (aafp.org)
- What causes such maddening teenage behavior? (psychcentral.com)
- Teenage girls $x Sexual behavior $x Attitudes. (uncg.edu)
- Reports that the cover story of the October 1994 issue of `The Atlantic Monthly' states that there is little evidence to show that comprehensive sex education has had a significant impact on teenage sexual behavior. (ebscohost.com)
- Not long ago, the explanation for teenage behavior was raging hormones," said lead author Daniel Romer, Ph.D., research director of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. (psychcentral.com)
- If concomitant use of fluoxetine with other serotonergic drugs is clinically warranted, patients should be made aware of a potential increased risk for serotonin syndrome, particularly during treatment initiation and dose increases ( 5.2 ). (nih.gov)
- 4 Recognizing the impact of these behaviors, the public health community has set national goals for delaying the initiation of intercourse, increasing abstinence among sexually experienced adolescents and increasing the use of condoms and other contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
- No significant difference across the four age groups implies that early initiation into the behavior is not different than late initiation with regard to that particular outcome. (hhs.gov)
- Shouldn't they be also mature enough to distinguish between socially acceptable behavior and reckless acts that endanger themselves and those around them? (brainblogger.com)
- So contrary to popular notion, adolescents are not reckless because they are immature, ignorant, or irrational. (brainblogger.com)
- The study findings could also explain why information campaigns designed to educate young people about the risks of certain behaviors-such as drug abuse-often fall on deaf ears. (mpg.de)
- A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with 1,139 adolescents aged 14 to 19 years attending public and private high schools in Cuiabá, Midwestern Brazil. (scielo.br)
- Using a multi-system approach, this study examined a combination of individual, proximal, and distal factors in relation to sexual risk behavior among adolescents. (springer.com)
- Social capital as a predictor of adolescents' sexual risk behavior: A state-level exploratory study. (springer.com)
- This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. (springer.com)
- Another study associates risk-taking behavior amongst adolescents to a greater willingness on their part to accept and be comfortable with ambiguity or even not knowing. (brainblogger.com)
- The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). (hhs.gov)
- Add Health is a school-based study of the health-related behaviors of adolescents in the United States. (hhs.gov)
- Data for this study came from the 12,105 students participating in both stages of the survey who are representative of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 during the 1994--95 school year. (hhs.gov)
- In one study, sixty percent of African American adolescents reported learning "a lot" about sexual health issues from their parents and 42 percent of Latino adolescents compared to 37 percent of white adolescents . (advocatesforyouth.org)
- This study aimed to investigate differences in cognitive biases (i.e., approach bias, attentional bias, and memory associations) between smoking and non-smoking adolescents in the US and the Netherlands. (frontiersin.org)
- The literature suggests that, in general, individuals tend to underreport behaviors that are culturally sensitive in face-to-face interviews (FFIs), and this problem increases if the interview is conducted in an environment with low confidentiality, as could be the case in the study participants' households, where these type of behaviors are normally hidden (4, 5). (scielosp.org)
- The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences of colorism on perceived harm of sexual risk taking behaviors among 243 African American adolescent females. (uncg.edu)
- Ego development, self perception and self complexity: A study of female adolescent psychiatric inpatients. (bu.edu)
- There has been considerable study regarding peer pressure's effects on children and adolescents, and in popular discourse the term is mostly used in the contexts of those age groups. (wikipedia.org)
- Promoting Help-seeking using E-technology for ADolescents with mental health problems: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial within the ProHEAD Consortium. (nih.gov)
- School-based mental health promotion in children and adolescents with StresSOS using online or face-to-face interventions: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial within the ProHEAD Consortium. (nih.gov)
- This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection. (umich.edu)
- A new study out of Columbia University suggests that the way we perceive others' bad behavior -- as either biological and innate or potentially changeable -- impacts our willingness to cut them some slack. (brightsurf.com)
- According to a genome-wide association study involving more than 470,000 people, a person's genetic variants do not meaningfully predict whether they will engage in same-sex sexual behavior. (brightsurf.com)
- A new Dutch study considered the behavior problems of children born to older parents. (brightsurf.com)
- This observational study looked at whether patients whose surgeons were more often reported by coworkers for unprofessional behavior were at greater risk of postoperative complications. (brightsurf.com)
- The study aimed to add new evidence to the research base by comparing gender, bullying, victimization, submissive behavior, and forgiveness between gifted and non-gifted students. (springer.com)
- The study analyzed data on 1,350 15- to 18-year-old male and female students taking part in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationwide study of individual, peer, family , school, and community factors related to health. (yourtango.com)
- To study El Salvador takes stalwart resistance to the almost irreparable sense of loss and national deficiency centerpiece to Salvadoran identity and a refusal to submit to the disparaging ideologies of colonizers. (westminstercollege.edu)
- Dr. Gregory K. Fritz, a psychiatry professor at Brown University who is president-elect of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, called the study "well done" and "a major contribution. (bostonglobe.com)
- At an early age, the peer group becomes an important part of socialization as supported by a 2002 study titled "Adolescents' Peer Groups and Social Identity" published in the journal Social Development. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2001, the U.S. Surgeon General presented "The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behavior," 6 which discussed the need for a national dialogue on this topic, expanding research into sexual health, and improving health care access and social interventions to increase responsible sexual behaviors. (aafp.org)
- Focuses on the need for parents in the United States to educate their adolescent children on responsible sexual behavior. (ebscohost.com)
- This may explain why information campaigns on risky behaviors such as drug abuse tend to have only limited success. (mpg.de)
- Although the DSM (clinical guidelines) clearly allow for the diagnosis to be made in patients who have had enduring symptoms for more than a year, clinicians tend to write "deferred", even when an adolescent meets sufficient diagnostic criteria. (bpdfamily.com)
- In the Division of Extramural Research , the Child Development and Behavior Branch and the Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch (PTCIB) also support research relevant to pediatric injury, sexual violence, bullying, and other related topics. (nih.gov)
- 4. Partner violence leads to greater rates of sexual risk taking. (childtrends.org)
- Research consistently finds that intimate partner violence is associated with reduced condom use and oral contraceptive use, and higher rates of sexual risk taking, having multiple sexual partners, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual dysfunction. (childtrends.org)
- These kids are not only exposing themselves to danger with their penchant for speed, addictive substances, and irresponsible sexual behavior, but also putting the lives of other people at risk. (brainblogger.com)
- 2007). Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21 (2) , 174-184. (ncrg.org)
- Gambling: An addictive behavior with health and primary care implications. (ncrg.org)
- Early adverse experience is a well-known risk factor for addictive behaviors later in life. (mdpi.com)
- Addictive Behaviors, 12 , 129-135. (springer.com)
- and (2) to test whether individual differences in pubertal development and risk-taking behavior were contributors to longitudinal change in nucleus accumbens activity. (jneurosci.org)
- Barr has published articles based on his research on social and ethical development and risk taking behavior in adolescents. (facinghistory.org)
- Within the group of smokers, we examined the relative predictive value of the cognitive biases and impulsivity related constructs (including inhibition skills, working memory, and risk taking) on daily smoking and nicotine dependence. (frontiersin.org)
- Instead, the review suggests that much of what looks like adolescent impulsivity is behavior that is guided more by curiosity or a desire to learn about the world. (psychcentral.com)
- Whatever psychological features give rise to these behaviors, they do not reflect flawed reasoning capabilities or generally poor decision-making skills-those are much improved in adolescents compared with younger children ( 7 ). (pnas.org)
- Why do adolescents make choices that dramatically increase their morbidity and mortality rates compared with younger children ( 11 )? (pnas.org)
- Suicide is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children and adolescents. (omicsonline.org)
- In 2004 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a "black-box" warning for antidepressants in children and adolescents, stating that these drugs may increase suicidality, a term encompassing both suicidal thoughts and behavior, especially in the first few weeks of treatment. (omicsonline.org)
- This mechanism may explain why, when there is a lull in serotonin activity in the initial stages of SSRI treatment, some children and adolescents experience increased or new-onset suicidality. (omicsonline.org)
- Taking Risks: While risk taking has been used to characterize younger gifted and talented children, it ironically decreases with age, so that the bright adolescent is much less likely to take chances than others. (davidsongifted.org)
- Principles of Pediatric Environmental Health: What Are Special Considerations Regarding Toxic Exposures to Young and School-age Children, as Well as Adolescents? (cdc.gov)
- Pica is still a consideration - children aged 6 years and younger are at high risk for soil pica [ATSDR 2001a]. (cdc.gov)
- Parents and caregivers need to know the greatest risk factors for their children and to take the appropriate steps to reduce the risk of unintentional injury. (missouri.edu)
- Initially, the black box emphasized the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children and adolescents who take the medications. (bostonglobe.com)
- Note: In children and adolescents, can be irritable mood. (aafp.org)
- 9 ] There has been an overall 70% increase in caffeine consumption by children and adolescents worldwide in the last 30 years, and studies have shown that anywhere from 20-100% of caffeine consumers display evidence of caffeine dependence. (chiro.org)
- Poor parental guidance and absentee of a parent (s), peer influences, low self-esteem, mental health predisposition are a few of the factors that can lead adolescents into addiction or drug abuse. (bartleby.com)
- Specifically, we searched for peer-reviewed journal articles published in 1980 or later that examined the factors affecting self-report of the six categories of behavior listed above. (nih.gov)
- Although individual and peer levels were identified as the primary contributors to the final model, a range of factors at varying levels of proximity to the individual were associated with sexual risk behavior. (springer.com)
- Peer acceptance acts on the dopaminergic system of the brain and adolescents begin to associate these acts of daredevilry with reward. (brainblogger.com)
- He has published more than 150 peer-reviewed manuscripts, chapters and reports on adolescent health. (ucsf.edu)
- They should understand why they might be particularly self-conscious or susceptible to peer-influence, or more likely to take risks. (npr.org)
- Research findings showed that there was a statistical difference between gifted and non-gifted student's peer bullying, victimization, submissive behavior, and forgiveness levels. (springer.com)
- However, submissive behaviors were positively related to the peer victim and forgiveness in gifted students. (springer.com)
- After describing a series of tasks to their classroom that included bathroom usage, cleaning up, and general classroom behavior, teachers and researchers would observe children's performance on the tasks. (wikipedia.org)
- Researchers have developed a technology to analyze the adsorption behavior of molecules in each individual pore of a metal organic framework (MOF). (brightsurf.com)
- In fact, the researchers say that the rise in adolescent levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine , which may be a driving force for sensation seeking, also supports the brain's ability to exert greater control and to learn from experience. (psychcentral.com)
- Due to high rates of suicide among military personnel and the need to characterize suicide risk factors associated with mental health service use , US-based researchers aimed to identify suicide-relevant factors that predict treatment engagement and major depressive episodes in a military sample. (brainblogger.com)
- Researchers identified similarities between adult female crack cocaine users and adolescents in risky decision-making scenarios. (brainblogger.com)
- Mortality rates are approximately two to three times higher in people with bipolar disorder prompting researchers to look for a link with lack of physical activity and sedentary behavior. (brainblogger.com)
- the researchers also speculate that adolescents learn specific behaviors from the sexual messages in movies. (eurekalert.org)
- BPD has gained increased attention from the scientific and clinical communities and the public mainly because it is associated with a high risk of suicide, extensive use of mental health services, severe impairment in psychosocial functioning, and high social and economic costs. (aappublications.org)
- Clinical Worsening/Suicide Risk: Monitor for clinical worsening, suicidality and unusual change in behavior, especially, during the initial few months of therapy or at times of dose changes (5.1) . (nih.gov)
- The suicide behavior often represents a child's desperate attempt to change the behavior and attitudes of others. (mercola.com)
- The study's authors say that patients and doctors, frightened by news coverage that exaggerated the risk of antidepressants, shunned treatment that might have prevented the suicide attempts. (bostonglobe.com)
- It is more likely, she said, that doctors and patients were swayed by the news coverage, which included moving anecdotes of youngsters who attempted suicide and reporting that often confused the risk of suicidal thoughts with the risk of suicide. (bostonglobe.com)
- The importance of assessing health-risk behaviors as part of research activities involving adolescents necessitates the use of self-report measures. (nih.gov)
- According to research findings, adolescent brains do not show much maturity in this region. (brainblogger.com)
- These findings suggest a need to increase our understanding of how methodologies influence survey response in research on adolescents. (guttmacher.org)
- Advancing a Research Agenda for Adolescent and Young Adult Health. (ucsf.edu)
- A special example of something that would happen because the person takes part in research that otherwise would not happen is when research participation places constraints on the person's clinical care. (hhs.gov)
- Such constraints should be described in consent forms (including the risks) as a consequence of research participation. (hhs.gov)
- Consent forms should address risks arising from research participation (not from things that would happen anyway). (hhs.gov)
- And there's a general assumption based on a lot of research that this development that we see during the adolescent years, means that the brain is particularly plastic - at least in some brain regions. (npr.org)
- Research has identified many factors that influence adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors. (actforyouth.net)
- Research tells us that a later school start time positively impacts alertness, mental health, wellness and behavior in high school and middle school students, which means students are better prepared to learn. (littletonpublicschools.net)
- Further research may find that drug addiction interventions that foster a self-awareness of one's level of risk taking may enhance treatment effectiveness. (brainblogger.com)
- Groundbreaking developments in adolescent brain research underpin this straightforward guide to understanding-and dealing with-teen behavior. (wwnorton.com)
- And yet, even though a great deal of research has shown that adolescents who watch more risky behaviors in popular movies, like drinking or smoking, are more likely to drink and smoke themselves, surprisingly little research has examined whether movies influence adolescents' sexual behaviors. (eurekalert.org)
- The first Roland Algrant Summer Intern, Christine Back, took part in the research and writing of this report. (hrw.org)