Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Bahamas: A chain of islands, cays, and reefs in the West Indies, lying southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. It is an independent state, called also the Commonwealth of the Bahamas or the Bahama Islands. The name likely represents the local name Guanahani, itself of uncertain origin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p106 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Schools: Educational institutions.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Neurobiology: The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Suicidal Ideation: A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Oman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.Iris: The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.PhiladelphiaJuvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Crisis Intervention: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Drug Utilization Review: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Nomograms: Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Fluoxetine: The first highly specific serotonin uptake inhibitor. It is used as an antidepressant and often has a more acceptable side-effects profile than traditional antidepressants.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Antivenins: Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Gonzales, Nancy (2010). "Family and Peer Influences on Adolescent Behavior and Risk-Taking" (PDF). Retrieved November 28, 2010 ... However, adolescents who were more committed to a personal identity had lower rates of risk behaviors. Overall, this study ... Dumas, T; D. Wolfe (2012). "Identity development as a buffer of adolescent risk behaviors in the context of peer group pressure ... A study done in 2012 focused on adolescents' engagement in risk behaviors. Participants completed a self-report measure of ...
Articles that reference psychology, human behavior, and risk-taking (5.0). The writers believe that these are biased in favor ... The writers believe that suicide can be a good and rational choice-even for adolescents. ... Others take more extreme action to make their point. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks have been made against the ... These complaints come from those who take an extreme view on issues of the rights of persons with acquired disabilities. They ...
Affiliation with friends who engage in risk behaviors has been shown to be a strong predictor of an adolescent's own behavior.[ ... Those who were most likely to take risks in the presence of peers (but took fewer risks when there were no passengers) had ... Maxwell, Kimberly A. (August 2002). "Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors". Journal of Youth ... In adolescence, risk-taking appears to increase dramatically. Researchers conducted an experiment with adolescent males who ...
"Earlier development of the accumbens relative to orbitofrontal cortex might underlie risk-taking behavior in adolescents". The ... which has been linked to greater risk-taking behaviors. The theory linking this hypoactivation to greater risk-taking is that ... "Risk-taking and the adolescent brain: who is at risk?". Developmental Science. 10 (2): F8-F14. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2006. ... Adolescent risk-taking is more likely to occur in the presence of peers compared to adults. Animal studies have found that ...
Recent research[citation needed] has shown that risk-taking behaviors in adolescents may be the product of interactions between ... During their adolescent years, teens are known for their high-risk behaviors and rash decisions. Recent research[citation ... Because teens often gain a sense of reward from risk-taking behaviors, their repetition becomes ever more probable due to the ... an individual is more likely to take on a risk when evaluating potential losses, and are more likely to avoid risks when ...
... thrill seeking and risk taking behaviour and thus alcohol and other drug experimentation and abuse is common.[51] An adolescent ... Additionally the risk-taking behavior associated with adolescence promotes binge drinking.[50] ... The suicide risk in adolescents is more than 4 times higher among binge drinkers than non-binge drinking adolescents.[7] ... Other risk factors include: using alcohol as a coping strategy for emotional problems (more common in adolescent girls), ...
where he served as Senior Research Scientist and director of many projects on adolescent health and risk taking behavior. His ... It paints a detailed picture of the protective factors associated with adolescent risk taking behavior and identifies important ... experts on the effectiveness of school and community programs in the reduction of adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors. In ... Strengthening and Evaluating Programs to Reduce Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking, Pregnancy, HIV and Other STDs Resource Center ...
... cognition includes studies of risk-taking behavior and sexual decision making as it pertains to HIV in youth and adolescents. ...
"The Type-T Personality", in Self-regulatory Behavior and Risk Taking: Causes and Consequences (1991). Farley, Frank H.; Davis, ... Stamoulis, Kathryn; Farley, Frank (2010). "Conceptual approaches to adolescent online risk-taking". Cyberpsychology: Journal of ... pointing out that the risk-taking behaviors that led to political success might also predispose to acts of sexual indiscretion ... risk-taking personality? Such an adventure would certainly be a thrill, and definitely a risk. Marisa Lazo, 23, was rescued ...
NN4Y distributes information about prevention programs that have proven to reduce health risk-taking behaviors to community- ... Training specialties include HIV prevention, adolescent health, sexual and reproductive health, youth development, and sexual ...
... relate to adolescents' risk-taking behaviours? Research suggests that when faced with a decision, adolescents perceive risks ... With feelings of invulnerability, it can be said that an adolescent is more likely to participate in risk behavior. A study was ... A valid and reliable measure of the personal fable would be an invaluable aid to assessing adolescent risk-taking potential and ... The persistence of the personal fable could contribute to continued risk-taking behavior even though that age group physically ...
She is known for her research on risk-taking and psychological adjustment of adolescents, young adults, and couples. Many of ... "Bidirectional Associations Between Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior from Adolescence into Young Adulthood". Archives ... Adolescent males exhibited a strong correlation between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviors, whereas this relationship ... Individuals high in agency often displayed low risk behaviors during sex because of their ability to engage in discussion with ...
... at-risk' population due to participation in risky behaviors such as taking drugs, experimenting sexually, and failing to use ... "Quality Sexual Education Needed for Adolescents in Egyptian Schools". PRB. "Quality Sexual Education Needed for Adolescents in ... In Egypt, adolescent SRH education is controversial and is opposed by some parents, religious and community leaders, ... Ma3looma uses various social media platforms as well as its own website to expose at-risk populations and the Egyptian youth ...
... as well as involvement in other problem behaviors that can contribute independently to sexual risk taking. The longitudinal ... explores the relationship qualities and the subjective meanings that motivate adolescent behavior. More specifically, this ... The study further investigates the relative impact of dating partners and peers on sexual behavior and contraceptive practices ... Data Sharing for Demographic Research [1] DSDR page for Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS): Wave 1, 2001 [2] Data ...
One of these social impacts is the increase in risk-taking behaviors, such as the emergence of alcohol use. Children aged 16 ... The US Department of Health & Human Services identifies several factors influencing adolescent alcohol use, such as risk-taking ... The developing adolescent brain is at increased risk of brain damage and other long-lasting alterations to the brain. ... Gender differences may affect drinking patterns and the risk for developing alcohol use disorders. Sensation-seeking behaviors ...
At heart, she was an astute methodologist who took risks to develop reliable and reasonable measures. Her combination of ... Peer victimization is the experience among children of being a target of the aggressive behavior of other children, who are not ... Precursors of and diverse pathways to personality disorder in children and adolescents: Part 1 [Special Issue]. Development and ... Crick's innovative research on relational aggression examined behaviors involving social exclusion or spreading malicious ...
In any event, studies of adolescent development show that teenagers are more prone to risk-taking, which may explain the high ... prompting the undifferentiated behavior that associates with a risk of promoting delinquent behavior. The studies of gender ... Other risk factors that may be evident during childhood and adolescence include, aggressive or troublesome behavior, language ... However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior. This is because most teens tend to offend by ...
... and Risk Behavior among Adjudicated Adolescents". Journal of Adolescent Research. 19 (4): 428-445. doi:10.1177/0743558403258860 ... they may not be worried about consequence of risk taking behaviors like criminal involvement and violent behaviors. Equally, if ... do not see current behaviors as linked to future goals they may not be concerned with the consequences of risk taking behaviors ... externalizing behavior). Social cues and influences from peers can influence what adolescents might achieve or how they might ...
Atkinson, John W. (1957). "Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior". Psychological Review. 64 (6, Pt.1): 359-372. doi ... Adolescents with friends having high academic aspirations tend to have fewer problems academically. Achievement orientations ... The following are a list of ways a teacher can create a culture of risk taking: Provide encouragement: praise students for ... Verbal praise is often administered as a way to reinforce the performance or behavior of individuals and although there may be ...
Smoking has elements of risk-taking and rebellion, which often appeal to young people. The presence of peers that smoke and ... Urberg, K.; Shyu, S. J.; Liang, J. (1990). "Peer influence in adolescent cigarette smoking". Addictive Behaviors. 15 (3): 247- ... Extraversion is the trait that is most associated with smoking, and smokers tend to be sociable, impulsive, risk taking, and ... C. Merrill, J.; Kleber, H. D.; Shwartz, M.; Liu, H.; Lewis, S. R. (1999). "Cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, other risk behaviors ...
Chavanne, T. J., & Gallup, G. G. (1998). Variation in risk taking behavior among female college students as a function of the ... For example, young adolescents engage in more sexual behaviors if they have been exposed to more sexual content in the media or ... 2004). Watching sex on television predicts adolescent initiation of sexual Behavior. Pediatrics. 114(3). Available at: www. ... Sexually suggestive behaviors include things such as "showing more skin" and flirting. Both of these examples are behaviors ...
Borderline personality disorder and status-driven risk-taking have also been proposed as additions. The vulnerable dark triad ( ... Honesty-Humility contrasts antisocial behavior at the low end of the trait with pro-social behavior at the high end which ... Both studies suggest that this trolling may be linked to bullying in both adolescents and adults. Studies have suggested that ... more risk-taking in the form of substance abuse, a tendency to prefer immediate but smaller amounts of money over delayed but ...
For example, in determining the predictors of risk-taking behaviour of pilots in general aviation, attitudes towards risky ... take the test IAT Review chapter in Automatic processes in social thinking and behavior (seven years after IAT creation) ... a self-injury IAT differentiated between adolescents who injured themselves and those who did not), medical outcomes (e.g. ... Molesworth, Brett; Chang, Betty (2009). "Predicting pilots' risk-taking behaviour through an Implicit Association Test". Human ...
... adults taking these drugs did not appear to be at increased risk for any of the four outcomes, but that for children, the risks ... A study of 159,810 users of either amitriptyline, fluoxetine, paroxetine or dothiepin found that the risk of suicidal behavior ... Healy D, Brent D (2009). "Are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors a risk factor for adolescent suicides?". Canadian Journal ... Jick, H.; Kaye, JA; Jick, SS (2004). "Antidepressants and the Risk of Suicidal Behaviors". JAMA. 292 (3): 338-43. doi:10.1001/ ...
DSM-IV states, for example, that children and adolescents are at higher risk to develop an antisocial personality disorder if ... Dialectical Behavior Therapy with Suicidal Adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press (ISBN 978-1593853839) Spiel, W. & Spiel, G ... The term personality development disorder is used to emphasize the changes in personality development which might still take ... Children and adolescents however still show marked changes in personality development. Some of these children and adolescents ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... Humans may have taken part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities and raw materials (such as stone needed ... which allowed them a more nutritious diet and a decreased risk of famine.[21][23][67] Many of the famines experienced by ... are to be expected in the fantasies of adolescent males during the Upper Paleolithic. ...
... we administered the Adolescent Risk-Taking Questionnaire (ARQ) (2), a premier measure of adolescent risky behavior, to all of ... Adolescents risk-taking behavior is driven by tolerance to ambiguity Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Adolescents risk-taking behavior is driven by tolerance to ambiguity. Agnieszka Tymula, Lior A. Rosenberg Belmaker, Amy K. Roy ... To verify that adolescents in our sample did not differ on common measures of risk-taking from adolescents that have been ...
... and risk-taking behavior (laboratory risk-taking and self-reported risk-taking tendency) in a large sample with continuous age ... and behavioral risk-taking measures do not always show the expected adolescent peak in risk-taking behavior (Defoe et al., 2015 ... laboratory risk-taking (balloon analog risk task; BART), and self-reported risk-taking tendency (Behavior Inhibition System/ ... Risk-taking behavior was assessed in two separate ways by using a well validated laboratory risk-taking task (Lejuez et al., ...
Risk, risk taking, and risk behavior are important and relevant topics for exploring in health education classes. The goal of ... alike should be to encourage youth to engage in constructive risk-taking behavior rather than alternative destructive behavior ... nutritional behavior, physical inactivity, and intentional injury. Newer youth risk behaviors, such as pathological gambling, ... learning activity for students to be able to reinforce concepts and facilitate understanding of the role of risk taking in ...
Suicide is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children and adolescents. In 2004 the Food and Drug ... Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers taking Antidepressants Julia ... Levin, A.P. (2009, Jan 1). SSRI Treatment of Children and Adolescents How Risky?How to Manage the Risk.The Psychiatric Times. ... Brent, D.A. & Mann, J.J. (2006).Familial Pathways to Suicidal Behavior - Understanding and Preventing Suicide among Adolescents ...
Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers taking Antidepressants Abstract. ... Adolescent Angst or True Intent? Suicidal Behavior, Risk, and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Depressed Children and Teenagers ... Suicide is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children and adolescents. In 2004 the Food and Drug ... a term encompassing both suicidal thoughts and behavior, especially in the first few weeks of treatment. The warning was ...
Health behavior in adolescence Subject Risk-taking (Psychology) in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: Risk-taking ( ... Adolescent psychologyViolence in adolescenceRisk-taking (Psychology) in adolescenceHealth behavior in adolescenceAccidents. ... Teenagers--Alcohol useTeenagers--Drug useHealth behavior in adolescenceRisk-taking (Psychology) in adolescenceSubstance abuse-- ... Improving the Odds for Adolescents Publications Subject Health behavior in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: ...
This may explain why information campaigns on risky behaviors such as drug abuse tend to have only limited success. These are ... Adolescents are more likely to ignore information that could prompt them to rethink risky decisions. ... The patterns of adolescent risk-taking behaviors observed in previous experimental studies deviate sharply from those seen in ... The great unknown: risk-taking behaviour in adolescents. Teenagers are driven to seek new experiences ...
... responsible sexual behavior education, and improved contraceptive counseling and delivery. Many of these strategies are ... The family physician plays a key role by engaging adolescent patients in confidential, open, and nonthreatening discussions of ... Successful strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy include community programs to improve social development, ... This dialogue should begin before initial sexual activity and continue throughout the adolescent years. ...
Abstract: Adolescent risk taking behavior research rarely takes a decision making perspective. Seventy-one adolescents (ages 17 ... three risk taking scenarios were presented, each having both a risky and nonrisky intended behavior option. ANOVAs show ... willingness to take risks, optimism, pessimism, Dark Triad, and the Big Five). Focusing on Big Five personality traits in a ... The Web is a prominent platform for behavioral experiments, for many reasons (relative simplicity, ubiquity, and accessibility, ...
In our analysis, a history of forced sexual contact was associated with a higher risk of high school males involvemen … ... This study highlights the association between health-risk and problem behaviors, forced sexual contact, and involvement in ... Risk-Taking* * Sexual Behavior / psychology* Grant support * MCJ-MA 25915/PHS HHS/United States ... Adolescent males involved in pregnancy: associations of forced sexual contact and risk behaviors J Adolesc Health. 1998 Dec;23( ...
Risk-Taking Behaviors of Adolescents With Extreme Obesity: Normative or Not? Apr 25, 2011 Pediatrics added Apr 26, 2011 00:00 ... Obesity and Smoking Cigarettes A Deadly Combination; Think You Might Be At Risk? Smoking cigarettes is bad enough but when ... smoking is coupled with obesity the risks of premature death are more than doubled. See why this deadly combo takes the lives ...
Drug Abuse And Adolescent Risky Behavior. 884 Words , 4 Pages addictions begin with risk taking. So, why is it that adolescents ... Research shows that teenagers are at increased risk of poor mental health, antisocial behavior and risk-taking behavior such as ... Risk Factors For Adolescent Drug Abuse. 1462 Words , 6 Pages Body: Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Abuse There are an ... Risk Factors For Adolescent Drug Abuse. 1462 Words , 6 Pages * The Effects Of Substance Abuse On Adolescents. 1651 Words , 7 ...
Adolescent Behavior. Smoking. Violence. Alcohol Drinking. Risk-Taking. Subject: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. ... We investigated the practice of some of health-compromising behaviors among Omani adolescents and their correlates in a ... Through a self-administrated questionnaire the adolescents were asked about 6 risky behaviors: current smoking, ever use of ... Demographic and psychosocial variables related to their risk behaviors were also assessed. The results indicated that 4.6% were ...
Adolescent. *HIV Infections/ pc [Prevention & Control]. Male. Humans. Risk-Taking. Safe Sex. Sexual Behavior. HIV. HIV ... group-level intervention is effective in reducing HIV sex risk behaviors and increasing HIV testing of high-risk, incarcerated ... Perception of HIV risk [ Time Frame: concurrent ]. *Self-efficacy to use condoms and practice safe sex [ Time Frame: Concurrent ... Evaluation of the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) Intervention for Minority Adolescents. This study has ...
Key words: Adolescents; Adolescent behavior; Life style; Risk-taking; Social class. RESUMO ... at least one risk behavior; model 2: two risk behaviors; model 3: three or more risk behaviors). Socioeconomic variables, ... 1 risk behavior; 44% were exposed to two and 38% to three or more risk behaviors simultaneously. Male adolescents had a higher ... The risk behaviors of each adolescent were added to evaluate the frequency of simultaneous occurrence of multiple risk ...
... which took on the value of 1 if a response was logically inconsistent with a previous statement about having ever engaged in ... Prevalence of risk health behavior among adolescents: results from the 2009 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey ( ... Inconsistent reports of risk behavior among Brazilian middle school students: National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health ... Nevertheless, the data concerning adolescent risk behaviors from the PeNSE survey have apparently never been scrutinized for ...
... behaviors related to unintentional injuries and violence, dietary behaviors, physical activity, and sexual b … ... the existing empirical literature to assess cognitive and situational factors that may affect the validity of adolescents self ... The importance of assessing health-risk behaviors as part of research activities involving adolescents necessitates the use of ... Assessment of factors affecting the validity of self-reported health-risk behavior among adolescents: evidence from the ...
outreach clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors. BPD - borderline personality disorder. CAT - cognitive ... In summary, adolescent BPD is a severe mental disorder that is associated with frequent risk-taking and self-harm behavior, a ... Adolescents with BPD are more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors because of their tendency to act impulsively in ... Risk Taking and Self-Harm. Young peoples affinity to highly impulsive and self-damaging behavior places them at risk for ...
Adolescent sexual risk behavior has typically been studied within singular, isolated systems. Using a multi-system approach, ... risk factors, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. ... Sexual Risk Behavior: a Multi-System Model of Risk and Protective Factors in South African Adolescents. *Kaymarlin Govender. 1 ... Sexual Risk Behavior: a Multi-System Model of Risk and Protective Factors in South African Adolescents. Prev Sci 20, 1054-1065 ...
Sleep and risk-taking behavior in adolescents. Behav Sleep Med. 2005;3(3):113-133pmid:15984914. ... Adolescent sleep, risk behaviors, and depressive symptoms: are they linked? Am J Health Behav. 2010;34(2):237-248pmid:19814603 ... and unsafe behaviors and sexual practices.26,88 Eveningness is also associated with risk taking in the domains of financial, ... health risk behaviors, and well-being are strongest in adolescents and young adults.51 ...
Adolescent attitudes; AIDS/HIV prevention; Intervention; Risk taking behavior. To cite this abstract, use the following link:. ... It also assesses the degree to which they engage in high risk behaviors related to AIDS.. ... You are about to access WorldCat, NCJRS takes no responsibility for and exercises no control over the WorldCat site. ... Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Related to AIDS Among Youth in Residential Centers: Results From an Exploratory Study. ...
Tattoos and body piercings as indicators of adolescent risk-taking behaviors. Pediatrics2002;109:1021-7. ... Body piercing and high-risk behavior in adolescents. J Adolesc Health2004;34:224-9. ... Body piercing as a risk factor for viral hepatitis: an integrative research review. Am J Infect Control2001;29:271-4. ... More research is needed to determine which factors increase the risk of complications so that this information can be used to ...
This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. ... Igra, V., and Irwin, C. E. (1996). Theories of adolescent risk-taking behavior. In DiClemente, R. J., Hansen, W. B., and Ponton ... In DiClemente, R. J., Hansen, W. B., and Ponton, L. E. (eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Health Risk Behavior. Plenum, New York, ... This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. ...
Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults taking antidepressants (5.1). ... Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in children,adolescents, and young adults in short-term ... or unusual changes in behavior, whether or not they are taking antidepressant medications, and this risk may persist until ... showed that these drugs increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young ...
  • The 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM). (hhs.gov)
  • Prevalence estimates in 1995 differed significantly in at least one comparison of surveys for all behaviors except having four or more lifetime sexual partners (both genders) and having two or more recent sexual partners (females). (guttmacher.org)
  • The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), 1994-2008 [Public Use] is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents in grades 7 through 12 during the 1994-1995 school year. (umich.edu)
  • Add Health Wave I data collection took place between September 1994 and December 1995, and included both an in-school questionnaire and in-home interview. (umich.edu)
  • The slow development of the cognitive-control system also means that adolescents are less able to control impulsive behavior. (brainblogger.com)
  • In fact, it's only a small subset of teens - those who exhibit impulsive behavior and have weak cognitive control - who are most at risk of unhealthy outcomes. (psychcentral.com)
  • Much research has shown that adolescents' sexual attitudes and behaviors are influenced by media," says Ross O'Hara, currently a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Missouri, who conducted the research with other psychological scientists while at Dartmouth College. (eurekalert.org)
  • BART), and self-reported risk-taking tendency (Behavior Inhibition System/Behavior Activation System questionnaire) were collected at both time points. (jneurosci.org)
  • Participants completed the smoking approach-avoidance task, the classical and emotional Stroop task, brief implicit associations task, balloon analog risk task, the self-ordering pointing task, and a questionnaire assessing level of nicotine dependence and smoking behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • Charles E. Irwin, Jr., MD, is a distinguished professor of pediatrics and director of the Division of Adolescent & Young Adult Medicine at the University of California (UCSF) School of Medicine and the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital. (ucsf.edu)
  • To answer that question, we used standard experimental economic methods to assess the attitudes of 65 individuals ranging in age from 12 to 50 toward risk and ambiguity. (pnas.org)
  • Results Over the study period, the prevalence of adolescent ever use and binge drinking increased from 11% to 25% and from 4% to 13%, respectively. (bmj.com)
  • To determine whether sexually active adolescent males who report being the victim of forced sexual contact and engaging in health risk and problem behaviors are more likely to report getting someone pregnant. (nih.gov)
  • A large cross-sectional sample of 2561 adolescent ( M age = 14.92, SD age = 1.70) males ( n = 1282) and females in Grades 8 ( n = 1225) and 10 completed a range of self-report measures. (springer.com)
  • Researchers using NSAM found that teen males were significantly more likely to report participation in many health risk behaviors using the computer rather than the paper self-administered questionnaires. (hhs.gov)
  • For such behaviors as ever having had sexual intercourse (among Hispanic males and black females), using the pill and using the condom (among all females) and having four or more lifetime sexual partners (among white males), a significant trend was found in one survey while a similar but nonsignificant trend was found in another. (guttmacher.org)
  • In the 1980s, national surveys documented increases in rates of initiation of sexual intercourse for both adolescent females and males, gains in condom use and decreases in oral contraceptive use. (guttmacher.org)
  • Males who perpetrate relationship violence are less likely to use a condom, as are adolescent females in violent relationships. (childtrends.org)
  • I will first go over gender typical behavior and stereotypes, move on to discuss an overview of the novels and then analyze the importance of the character's names, legitimizing myths for males and females, the supernatural element in the novels, the subtle differences in power and end with a discussion on why these gender role expectations are in place, and how they could be affecting the audience. (westminstercollege.edu)
  • Males were more likely to consume than females, and this was strongly associated with masculinity and risk-taking behavior. (chiro.org)
  • If concomitant use of fluoxetine with other serotonergic drugs is clinically warranted, patients should be made aware of a potential increased risk for serotonin syndrome, particularly during treatment initiation and dose increases ( 5.2 ). (nih.gov)
  • 4 Recognizing the impact of these behaviors, the public health community has set national goals for delaying the initiation of intercourse, increasing abstinence among sexually experienced adolescents and increasing the use of condoms and other contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • No significant difference across the four age groups implies that early initiation into the behavior is not different than late initiation with regard to that particular outcome. (hhs.gov)
  • This may explain why information campaigns on risky behaviors such as drug abuse tend to have only limited success. (mpg.de)
  • Although the DSM (clinical guidelines) clearly allow for the diagnosis to be made in patients who have had enduring symptoms for more than a year, clinicians tend to write "deferred", even when an adolescent meets sufficient diagnostic criteria. (bpdfamily.com)
  • The patient should be questioned about her dietary behaviors (eg, intake of fruits and vegetables, calcium, multivitamin with folic acid, iron, and dietary restrictions). (acog.org)
  • They receive enhanced psychiatry education emphasizing diagnosis of major adult psychiatric illnesses, outpatient treatment of major depression, identification of patients with dual diagnoses, and assessment of patients at risk for violent or suicidal behavior. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The use of ACASI systems in disadvantaged households to obtain data on adolescent risk behavior is not only feasible but may also improve data quality in the case of complex questionnaires, compared with FFIs, and should therefore be considered as an alternative survey method. (scielosp.org)
  • Poor parental guidance and absentee of a parent (s), peer influences, low self-esteem, mental health predisposition are a few of the factors that can lead adolescents into addiction or drug abuse. (bartleby.com)
  • Specifically, we searched for peer-reviewed journal articles published in 1980 or later that examined the factors affecting self-report of the six categories of behavior listed above. (nih.gov)
  • Although individual and peer levels were identified as the primary contributors to the final model, a range of factors at varying levels of proximity to the individual were associated with sexual risk behavior. (springer.com)
  • Peer acceptance acts on the dopaminergic system of the brain and adolescents begin to associate these acts of daredevilry with reward. (brainblogger.com)
  • He has published more than 150 peer-reviewed manuscripts, chapters and reports on adolescent health. (ucsf.edu)
  • They should understand why they might be particularly self-conscious or susceptible to peer-influence, or more likely to take risks. (npr.org)
  • Research findings showed that there was a statistical difference between gifted and non-gifted student's peer bullying, victimization, submissive behavior, and forgiveness levels. (springer.com)
  • However, submissive behaviors were positively related to the peer victim and forgiveness in gifted students. (springer.com)
  • After describing a series of tasks to their classroom that included bathroom usage, cleaning up, and general classroom behavior, teachers and researchers would observe children's performance on the tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers have developed a technology to analyze the adsorption behavior of molecules in each individual pore of a metal organic framework (MOF). (brightsurf.com)
  • In fact, the researchers say that the rise in adolescent levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine , which may be a driving force for sensation seeking, also supports the brain's ability to exert greater control and to learn from experience. (psychcentral.com)
  • Due to high rates of suicide among military personnel and the need to characterize suicide risk factors associated with mental health service use , US-based researchers aimed to identify suicide-relevant factors that predict treatment engagement and major depressive episodes in a military sample. (brainblogger.com)
  • Researchers identified similarities between adult female crack cocaine users and adolescents in risky decision-making scenarios. (brainblogger.com)
  • Mortality rates are approximately two to three times higher in people with bipolar disorder prompting researchers to look for a link with lack of physical activity and sedentary behavior. (brainblogger.com)
  • the researchers also speculate that adolescents learn specific behaviors from the sexual messages in movies. (eurekalert.org)
  • BPD has gained increased attention from the scientific and clinical communities and the public mainly because it is associated with a high risk of suicide, extensive use of mental health services, severe impairment in psychosocial functioning, and high social and economic costs. (aappublications.org)
  • Clinical Worsening/Suicide Risk: Monitor for clinical worsening, suicidality and unusual change in behavior, especially, during the initial few months of therapy or at times of dose changes (5.1) . (nih.gov)
  • The suicide behavior often represents a child's desperate attempt to change the behavior and attitudes of others. (mercola.com)
  • The study's authors say that patients and doctors, frightened by news coverage that exaggerated the risk of antidepressants, shunned treatment that might have prevented the suicide attempts. (bostonglobe.com)
  • It is more likely, she said, that doctors and patients were swayed by the news coverage, which included moving anecdotes of youngsters who attempted suicide and reporting that often confused the risk of suicidal thoughts with the risk of suicide. (bostonglobe.com)
  • To review the literature on energy drink consumption amongst adolescents, and discuss the physiological effects that may present to the chiropractic office. (chiro.org)