Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Adolescent Medicine: A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Adolescent Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Schools: Educational institutions.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.United StatesFriends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
(1/3537) Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives.

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

(2/3537) Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments.

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N = 624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke marijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refusal skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

(3/3537) Provocative appeals in anti-smoking mass media campaigns targeting adolescents--the accumulated effect of multiple exposures.

This paper reports findings from a longitudinal study that evaluated the accumulated effect of three consecutive mass media campaigns using provocative and dissonance arousing appeals to prevent cigarette smoking by adolescents. In the spring of 1992, all eligible adolescents aged 14 and 15 in one intervention county (N = 4898) and one control county (N = 5439) in Norway were included in the study, and were followed until they were 17 and 18 years of age in 1995. Only students who completed questionnaires both in 1992 and 1995 were included in the analyses. Among the non-smokers at baseline, a significantly lower proportion of adolescents of both genders had started to smoke in the intervention county compared to the proportion in the control county. Among those who were smokers at baseline, significantly more girls in the intervention county had stopped smoking than in the control county, while no significant difference between the counties was detected among boys. Our findings suggest that provocative and dissonance arousing appeals that create affective reactions and lead to interpersonal communication should be given more attention in campaigns designed to influence adolescent smoking. However, such appeals may easily produce negative reactions and the normative context should be thoroughly considered when using such appeals in future interventions.  (+info)

(4/3537) School and community influences on adolescent alcohol and drug use.

Social environment risk factors present in schools and communities have not been thoroughly investigated. This study cross-sectionally examined the social environments of schools and communities, and their influence on adolescent alcohol and drug use. Survey responses of eighth grade students (N = 2309), a random half of their parents (n = 943), community leaders (n = 118), school principals (n = 30), school counselors (n = 30) and chemical health providers (n = 14) were pooled to create indices of social environmental norms, role models, social support and opportunities for non-use of alcohol. Each index was examined for its association with prevalences from 30 schools of alcohol use onset, last-month alcohol use, heavy alcohol use and last-year marijuana use in univariate and stepwise regression analyses. Increases in the levels of norms, role models and opportunities for non-use predicted decreases in alcohol use prevalences. The explanatory power of the examined constructs in multivariate analyses was acceptably high (R2: 38-53%). These findings further support the notion that community-wide efforts need to be launched to affect changes in the normative, role model and opportunity structures of adolescents' social environments in order to curb adolescent alcohol and drug use.  (+info)

(5/3537) Psychosocial correlates of health compromising behaviors among adolescents.

The objective of the present study was to examine psychosocial correlates of diverse health-compromising behaviors among adolescents of different ages. The study population included 123,132 adolescents in sixth, ninth and 12th grades. Psychosocial correlates of substance abuse, delinquency, suicide risk, sexual activity and unhealthy weight loss behaviors were examined. Risk-taking disposition was significantly associated with nearly every behavior across age and gender groups. Other consistent correlates included sexual abuse and family connectedness. Correlates of health-compromising behaviors tended to be consistent across age groups. However, stronger associations were noted between sexual abuse and substance use for younger adolescents, and risk-taking disposition and school achievement were stronger correlates for older youth. The results suggest the presence of both common and unique etiological factors for different health-compromising behaviors among youth. The results emphasize the importance of focusing on positive 'risk-taking' experiences for youth in prevention programs; being sensitive to possible sexual abuse experiences among both female and male adolescents in health-care consultations; integrating strategies for improved family connectedness into health promotion efforts; and making school relevant for all adolescents.  (+info)

(6/3537) Underage drivers are separating drinking from driving.

OBJECTIVES: From 1985 to 1995, drivers younger than 21 years experienced a 50% drop in fatal crashes involving alcohol. This study addresses whether the decrease is explained by young drivers' drinking less or by their separating drinking from driving. METHODS: Nighttime roadside surveys were conducted in 3 communities to test drivers' breath and administer questionnaires on drinking practices. From 1992 to 1996, 34,898 drivers (21% of whom were younger than 21 years) were interviewed. RESULTS: Although drivers younger than 21 years were more likely to have consumed 6 or more drinks on at least 1 occasion during the previous month, a smaller percentage of younger drivers than of older drivers had blood alcohol concentrations of 0.01 or higher. CONCLUSIONS: Younger drivers are more likely than drivers older than 21 years to separate drinking from driving.  (+info)

(7/3537) Estimating adolescent cigarette consumption in Japan.

We estimated the cigarette consumption among Japanese adolescents based on the data which was obtained from a 1990 nationwide school-based questionnaire survey of smoking prevalence among high school students. Cigarette consumption for adolescents was estimated using the data on current smokers' rate and cigarette consumption per day. Participants were 57,189 high school students (aged 13-18 years) including 4666 current smokers. The estimated adolescents' consumption was calculated at 3.5 to 4.3 billion units in 1990. The proportion of adolescents' consumption to the total sales was 1.1% to 1.3%. The corresponding tax amounted to between 21 and 25 billion yen in 1990. The difference between the total sales and the crude cigarette consumption for adults has increased gradually over 20 years. Logically, some part of this increase should be attributed to cigarettes consumed by adolescents. The increase in this difference seemed to keep pace with the increasing number of cigarette vending machines. These results indicate that a considerable amount of cigarettes were consumed by adolescents in 1990.  (+info)

(8/3537) The impact of after-school peer contact on early adolescent externalizing problems is moderated by parental monitoring, perceived neighborhood safety, and prior adjustment.

Unsupervised peer contact in the after-school hours was examined as a risk factor in the development of externalizing problems in a longitudinal sample of early adolescents. Parental monitoring, neighborhood safety, and adolescents' preexisting behavioral problems were considered as possible moderators of the risk relation. Interviews with mothers provided information on monitoring, neighborhood safety, and demographics. Early adolescent (ages 12-13 years) after-school time use was assessed via a telephone interview in grade 6 (N = 438); amount of time spent with peers when no adult was present was tabulated. Teacher ratings of externalizing behavior problems were collected in grades 6 and 7. Unsupervised peer contact, lack of neighborhood safety, and low monitoring incrementally predicted grade 7 externalizing problems, after controlling for family background factors and grade 6 problems. The greatest risk was for those unsupervised adolescents living in low-monitoring homes and comparatively unsafe neighborhoods. The significant relation between unsupervised peer contact and problem behavior in grade 7 held only for those adolescents who already were high in problem behavior in grade 6. These findings point to the need to consider individual, family, and neighborhood factors in evaluating risks associated with young adolescents' after-school care experiences.  (+info)

*  Adolescent health
Youth Risk Behavior Survey Advocates for Youth Freechild Project Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2007, Young ... Australian Association for Adolescent Health Canadian Association for Adolescent Health The York Centre for Children, Youth, ... Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO (2001) Global Consultation on Adolescent Friendly Health ... SpunOut.ie Irish National Youth Website Society for Research on Adolescents WHO Adolescent Health WHO Child and Adolescent ...
*  Maudsley family therapy
... the Maudsley Approach adheres to the tenet that the adolescent is not to blame for the challenging eating disorder behaviors, ... hand the control over eating back to the adolescent, and; encourage normal adolescent development through an in-depth ... "Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Family-Based Treatment with Adolescent-Focused Individual Therapy for Adolescents with ... Phase III is initiated when the adolescent is able to maintain weight above 95% of ideal weight on her/his own and self- ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Mental Health: Disorders: Child and Adolescent: Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Explanation for parents of the similarities and differences of two adolescent behavior disorders. ... "Health ... Disruptive Behavior Disorders" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - ... The Behavior Home Page Annotated resources related to dealing with people, especially children, who exhibit challenging ... This category contains information for parents, families, and caregivers, about Disruptive Behavior Disorders. There are 3 ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Mental Health: Disorders: Child and Adolescent: Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Conduct Disorder
Health Mental Health Disorders Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Disorders Conduct Disorder 1 ... Conduct Disorder is generally considered the most extreme of the Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Behaviors include threatening ... PhD explains one of the most difficult and intractable mental health problems in children and adolescents. Includes definition ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Mental Health: Disorders: Child and Adolescent: Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Health Mental Health Disorders Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Disorders Oppositional Defiant Disorder 2 ...
*  Children's Healthcare is a Legal Duty
"Public policy: Religious exemptions". The Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter. John Wiley & Sons: 2-3. January ...
*  Peer group
Also, adolescents were likely to display prosocial behaviors that were similar to the consistent behaviors of the group they ... An adolescent's peer group plays a role in shaping him or her into an adult, and the lack of positive behavior can lead to ... However, adolescents who were more committed to a personal identity had lower rates of risk behaviors. Overall, this study ... A longitudinal study done in 2011 focused on these two behaviors. A sample of adolescents was followed over a one-year period, ...
*  Juvenile delinquency
However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior. This is because most teens tend to offend by ... The majority of adolescents who live in poverty are racial minorities. Also, minorities who offend, even as adolescents, are ... Moffitt (2006). "Life course persistent versus adolescent limited antisocial behavior". In Cicchetti, D.; Cohen, D. ... of adolescent males having reported committing sexually assaultive behavior, and 20% of all rapes and 30-50% of all child ...
*  Crowds (adolescence)
These norms encourage adolescents to interact with some people while avoiding others and reward certain behaviors while ... In R. E. Muss (ed.), ''Adolescent behavior and society: A book of readings'' (pp. 30-36). New York: Random House. Brown, B., ... Crowds serve an essential purpose in adolescent identity development, shaping individual values, behavior, and personal and ... For adolescent friendships and social interaction in small groups, see cliques. Crowds are large groups of adolescents socially ...
*  Communities That Care
This is the data collection phase, including a comprehensive community assessment of adolescent behaviors and current ... and other adolescent problem behaviors: The Communities That Care Youth Survey". Evaluation Review. 26 (6): 575-601. doi: ... Can Community Coalitions Have a Population Level Impact on Adolescent Behavior Problems? CTC in Pennsylvania, Prevention ... First-year behavior outcomes". Addictive Behaviors. 27 (4): 619-632. doi:10.1016/S0306-4603(01)00197-6. PMID 12188596. Grossman ...
*  Belongingness
Specifically speaking of adolescent suicidal behavior, the theory proposes that suicidal behavior is a result of individuals ... Adolescent girls tend to have a higher number of friends than boys. They expect and desire more nurturing behavior from their ... A lack of group membership is associated with behavior problems and puts adolescents at a greater risk for both externalizing ... To capture an adolescent's self-perception of group affiliation one may ask an adolescent to identify themselves as a member of ...
*  Geographic mobility
Gillespie, Brian Joseph (2013). "Adolescent Behavior and Achievement, Social Capital, and the Timing of Geographic Mobility". ... These women cannot change behavior too much from social norms or risk being cut off. Studies show that household choices in ... The loss of established strong ties decreases social support and can lower productivity, especially among adolescents. ...
*  GABRA2
Several developmental stages of GABRA2 have shown effects on behavior such as adult alcohol dependence and adolescent behavior ... Most of GABRA2 modifications have been found to be linked to alcoholism and adolescent behavior. GABRA2 is one of the 16 ... The addictive behaviors can be seen as aggressive and defiant, but most of these behaviors can be caused by both genetic and ... GABRA2 role in reward behavior explains the higher risk of alcohol dependence and drug use behavior. Since GABRA 2 mediates ...
*  Coming of Age in Samoa
They suggested that such women, in this new context, were unlikely to speak frankly about their adolescent behavior. Further, ... no adolescent turmoil. Derek Freeman and other anthropologists found that Samoan society in fact had widespread adolescent ... Male adolescents undergo various kinds of both encouragement and punishment to make them competitive and aggressive. For the ... Little boys who would be rebuked or whipped for such behavior on any other occasion are allowed to preen themselves, to swagger ...
*  Field theory (psychology)
This is believed to be a possibility for changes in child and adolescent behavior. According to field theory, a person's life ... Development also plays a major role in life space behavior. From the beginning of one's life behavior is molded in all respects ... can be considered behavior (B). These behaviors can make large or small influences on the totality of the life space. ... So a life space is the combination of all the factors that influences a person's behavior at any time. Therefore, behavior can ...
*  Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study
... explores the relationship qualities and the subjective meanings that motivate adolescent behavior. More specifically, this ... The study further investigates the relative impact of dating partners and peers on sexual behavior and contraceptive practices ... The longitudinal design of the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) includes a schedule of follow-up interviews ... Data Sharing for Demographic Research [1] DSDR page for Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS): Wave 1, 2001 [2] Data ...
*  Alcohol advertising
To view the literature go to pubmed.gov and search for alcohol advertising and adolescent behavior or some iteration of this. ... 18-24 and Exposure to Television Ads and Subsequent Adolescent Alcohol Use, Stacy et al., American Journal of Health Behavior, ... This has 5 ethical principles which includes "All children and adolescents have the right to grow up in an environment ... In response, many cities have recognized the effect of alcohol-related ads on adolescents and in some cities these ...
*  Nathan Azrin
The research considers how the behavior of family members can indirectly or purposely reinforce an adolescent's behavior. Any ... He co-authored the book Treating Adolescent Substance Abuse Using Family Behavior Therapy: A Step-by-Step Approach with Brad ... The system was created based upon the work of Azrin's mentor BF Skinner's work in the behavior of lab rats. The two behaviors ... Azrin is known as one of the founders of the behavior modification school of thought and Applied Behavior Analysis. Azrin is ...
*  Ages of consent in the United States
"Adolescent Sexual Behavior and the Law" (Archive). Crime Victims' Institute, Criminal Justice Center, Sam Houston State ... "Can Statutory Rape Laws Be Effective in Preventing Adolescent Pregnancy?" (). Guttmacher Institute. Family Planning ... Protecting and Policing Adolescent Female Sexuality in the United States, 1885-1920 (Gender & American culture). University of ... in Oceania Ages of consent in South America Comprehensive sex education Child sexual abuse Fantasy defense Jailbait Adolescent ...
*  Gestodene
878-. ISBN 1-4160-4907-X. Ellen JM, Irwin CE (1996). "Primary care management of adolescent sexual behavior". Curr. Opin. ...
*  Don Pinnock
... conservation in Africa and the relationship between early social and biological trauma and high-risk adolescent behavior. ... He is a specialist in adolescent deviance, was one of the founders of the Usiko Trust and is a trustee of the Chrysalis Academy ... Working with high-risk adolescents using wilderness, ritual & mentorship, 2015 Gang Town, 2016 Wild as it Gets, 2016 Don ...
*  Virginity pledge
... virginity pledges and adolescent sexual behavior". J Adolesc Health. 36 (5): 428-36. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.09.016. PMC ... found that adolescents who make an informal promise to themselves not to have sex will delay sex, but adolescents who take a ... the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), in which 13,000 adolescents were interviewed in 1995, 1996, ... Rosenbaum, J. E. (2009). "Patient Teenagers? A Comparison of the Sexual Behavior of Virginity Pledgers and Matched Nonpledgers ...
*  Maternal sensitivity
Elster, Arthur B.; Elizabeth R. McAnarney; Michael E. Lamb (April 1983). "Parental Behavior of Adolescent Mothers". Pediatrics ... Adolescent mothers used almost no positive comments, but instead negative comments. This causes the adolescent mother to be ... Adolescent mothers who were not classified as autonomous were found to have anxiously attached infants. Furthermore, adolescent ... Negative-Intrusive Behavior: (e.g., mocks or teases infant) Withdrawing Behavior: (e.g., fails to initiate interaction, does ...
*  Peer pressure
Affiliation with friends who engage in risk behaviors has been shown to be a strong predictor of an adolescent's own behavior. ... "The Two Faces of Adolescents' Success With Peers: Adolescent Popularity, Social Adaptation, and Deviant Behavior". Child ... Spear, Hila J.; Kulbok, Pamela A (2001). "Adolescent Health Behaviors and Related Factors: A Review". Public Health Nursing. 18 ... 31 (1). Maxwell, Kimberly A. (August 2002). "Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors". Journal of ...
*  Food choice
"Individual and Environmental Influences on Adolescent Eating Behaviors". Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 102 (3 ... Awareness Although the presence and behavior of others can have a strong impact on eating behavior, many individuals are not ... Social scientists have developed different conceptual frameworks of food choice behavior. Theoretical models of behavior ... Polivy, J.; Herman, C. P.; Younger, J. C.; Erskine, B. (1979). "Effects of a model on eating behavior: The induction of a ...
*  Hemoencephalography
The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... In one typical case study, an adolescent with ADHD presented with highly abnormal QEEG readings and attentional scores on ... difficulties with attention and some mode of obsessive behavior. Many patients with ASD have normal to above normal ...
*  African-American family structure
Dittus, P. J.; Jaccard, J.; Gordon, V. V. (1997). "The impact of African American fathers on adolescent sexual behavior". ... For these youths, the opinions of the father affected their behaviors in positive ways, regardless of whether the parent lived ... American Adolescent Males". Child Development. 66 (6): 1598-1613. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00954.x. Regardless of the ... that paternal attitudes towards sexuality and sexual expression at a young age were more likely to determine sexual behaviors ...
Normal Adolescent Behavior: Havoc 2. If you are wondering what this movie has to do with the 2005 Anne Hathaway/Bijou Phillips morality tale Havoc -- other than the basic theme of beautiful and smart teenagers endangering themselves by indulging in their dark impulses -- youre not alone. Well, consider this: in the (extremely brief) theatrical run of Normal Adolescent Behavior, there was absolutely no reference to the original movie in the title. The Havoc 2 moniker has apparently been dumped on a completely unrelated film for the video release, undoubtedly by some cheesy corporate exec who decided the franchise name could only help sales.. Frankly, its a shame, because Normal Adolescent Behavior (Im going to skip the Havoc 2 references for the rest of the review, if you dont mind...) is a damned good film that can stand on its own. Honestly, its a better film than Havoc. And its not like that film was such a big hit either, so how does the fake suggestion that this is a sequel help things ...
Normal Adolescent Behavior é um filme dramático de 2007 escrito e realizado por Beth Schacter. O filme fez parte da selecção oficial do Tribeca Film Festival. JoBlo (em inglês) Normal Adolescent Behavior Sítio oficial do Tribeca Film Festival (em inglês ...
Child Development, May/June 2004, Volume 75, Number 3, Pages Influences on Adolescent Problem Behavior: Revisiting Stattin and Kerr Anne C. Fletcher, Laurence Steinberg, and Meeshay Williams-Wheeler
Are you interested in conducting academic research on adolescents sexuality? If so, youll need to consider the unique challenges for researchers of this field. Academic research on this subject is controversial and challenging due to disagreements about a standard definition of sex, ethical and methodological considerations of studying minors, and the inherent sensitivity of the subject matter. Among the most salient challenges is the inconsistent definition of "sex" used across research studies. More rigid definitions define sex as when a penis penetrates the vagina. Some researchers have a more lenient definition, and include anything from kissing to penetrative sex. However, even more lenient definitions that ultimately dichotomize "sex" are limiting from a statistical standpoint, as it is generally preferred to have behaviors on a spectrum rather than a dyadic yes/no. This is because a continuous variable allows for greater variability in analyses. A continuous alternative to asking about ...
Data from the MYRBS provide accurate estimates of the prevalence of risk behaviors among public high school students in the Commonwealth, and are used to determine statewide changes in the prevalence of these behaviors over time. The data are important for planning health education and risk prevention programs. Additionally, the results of the MYRBS contribute to a national database of adolescent risk behaviors. Through careful examination of the MYRBS results, state and local agencies can use the data to set priorities for improving the health of students across the Commonwealth.. Results for individual schools, districts, towns, or regions are not possible from the statewide MYRBS, as survey methodology is designed to give state level estimates only. However, many schools and districts choose to conduct or participate in local surveys to gather data about the risk behaviors of their own students. While often confused with the MYRBS; these surveys are not administered, monitored or tracked by ...
A study in the January issue of the Journal of School Health presents data from the 1997 Youth Risk Behavior Survey -- Middle School (YRBS-M). The YRBS-M ...
Study Purpose: The Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement (AHAA) study provides an opportunity to examine the effects of education on adolescent behavior, academic achievement, and cognitive and psychosocial development in the 1990s. Sample: Wave I, Stage 1 School sample: stratified, random sample of all high schools in the United States. A school was eligible for the sample if it included an 11th grade and had a minimum enrollment of 30 students. A feeder school, a school that sent graduates to the high school and that included a 7th grade, was also recruited from the community. Wave I, Stage 2: An in-home sample of 20,745 adolescents consisting of a core sample from each community plus selected special oversamples was interviewed in 1995. Eligibility for the oversamples was determined by the adolescents responses on the In-School Questionnaire. Adolescents could qualify for more than one sample. At Wave II, respondents who were in grades 7-11 at Wave I were re-interviewed. Wave III: The ...
What does it mean to set limits with your teenager?. To begin with, setting limits means having what we call "House Rules." These are agreed upon (and sometimes written) rules regarding issues such as hours, use of the car, alcohol and drugs, studying and grades. Parents can also have an understanding with their teens regarding work, money management, family outings, and even dating and friends. Setting limits can also include agreements about how to handle violations of the contracts that have been made.. Why is setting limits with your teenager such a crucial thing for parents to do? Why is setting limits such an important concept these days? What happens to teenagers who dont respect limits? What are they like as adults?. Limits are important for two reasons. First, limits and rules are a part of life. In a sense, they are also a prescription for how to live a good life. Being able to put up with reasonable restrictions and guidelines is part of what is known as "high frustration tolerance" ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a 14-session behavioral intervention for HIV-infected and uninfected mothers with problem drinking. We targeted 118 mothers of adolescent children (aged 11-18). The intervention is based on Social Action Theory (Ewart, 1991) and targets alcohol and drug problems, sexual risk behavior, and parenting. Mothers are followed and interviewed at four intervals over 18 months. Because we anticipate that the intervention will have effects on adolescent behavior, these youth are also enrolled and interviewed at three intervals over 12 months. Adolescents do not attend intervention sessions. We hypothesize that mothers in the 14-session intervention condition will show improvements in alcohol and drug use, sexual risk behavior, and parenting in comparison to the control condition, which receives a one session brief video intervention ...
adolescent definition: The definition of adolescent is immature or like a teenager. (adjective) Going out and drinking alcohol every night is an example of adolescent behavior....
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease, including HIV infection; alcohol and other drug use; tobacco; unhealthy dietary behaviors; inadequate physical activity. YRBSS also measures the prevalence of obesity and asthma among youth and young adults.
The New Jersey Department of Education has conducted the Youth Risk Behavior Survey every other year since 1993 with funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health. The study provides the self-reported behaviors of New Jersey public high school students in the six areas most highly related to preventable illness and premature death among adolescents and young adults.. Shown below are links to two brochures that summarize findings of the 1999 New Jersey Youth Risk Behavior Survey among high school students in the states 30 Abbott Districts and among the remaining public high schools across the state respectively. These summaries may be downloaded and reproduced.. ...
Before proceeding with a discussion of parenting influences, it is necessary to set the scene by discussing rates and levels of alcohol use among Australian adolescents. This section provides an overview of information about: the age at which Australian adolescents commence drinking; levels of adolescent alcohol consumption, distinguishing between moderate and risky levels of use; the risks associated with alcohol consumption; adolescents views of alcohol and their reasons for drinking; their source of access to alcohol; and the settings in which adolescent alcohol use takes place.
Goals This research examines whether kid maltreatment knowledge predicts adolescent cigarette and alcohol use. to 2.88) were associated with smoking after full adjustment including for coexisting smoking. After full adjustment including coexisting smoking only child neglect/emotional abuse predicted early adolescent alcohol use (OR 1.78 95 CI 1.06 to 2.97) but not the other types of maltreatment. Apixaban Conclusions Reported child maltreatment Apixaban predicts early adolescent smoking after adjusting for alcohol use but does not predict alcohol use after adjustment for smoking. Both Apixaban smoking and alcohol use are predicted Apixaban by reported child neglect. Early adolescent smoking is also predicted by multi-type maltreatment that includes physical abuse. Introduction The maltreatment of kids including physical mistreatment sexual mistreatment emotional mistreatment and neglect is Apixaban certainly a major world-wide public medical condition associated with undesirable outcomes that ...
Although some adults may want this to be the standard, it is far from accurate in describing the world of todays teenagers. The reality is that sexual behavior is almost universal among American adolescents. Eighty-five percent of young adults ages 18 to 24 and 56 percent of adolescents ages 15 to 17 report having "been with someone in an intimate or sexual way (including but not limited to intercourse)."1 In addition, 66 percent of adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 24 report having engaged in oral sex.2. According to data from the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 48 percent of all high school students and 65 percent of high school seniors report having engaged in sexual intercourse.3 A similar survey of college students found that 80 percent of students 18 to 24 years of age had engaged in sexual intercourse.4 In addition, studies have found that even those young people who remain virgins during their teen years ...
In the latest Mapping America, federal surveys show that adolescents who live with both biological parents are less likely to have behavior problems at home and school than those who do not.
Using the 1994-1995 National Study of Adolescent Health dataset, I conducted two investigations on the impact of family structure and family influences on sexual activity for white, black, Hispanic, and Asian adolescents. The first investigation determined the best explanation (family transitions, parental supervision, parental attitudes, family support, and peer influence) for the relationships between non-traditional households (unwedded mother, divorced/separated mother, and stepparent households) and sexual activity. The second investigation determined which of these explanations are either directly or indirectly associated with sexual activity. These analyses were conducted on the total sample and within gender, race, and race-gender subgroups.; Initially, parental attitudes, parental supervision, and family transition explanations best mediated the unwedded, divorced/separated, and stepparent household effects respectively, although they only provided a partial explanation for the ...
Ah, teenagers. Theyre a sphere of hell for parents all their own. The answer any parent seeking an explanation encounters when questioning a teen, "dunno, seemed like a good idea at the time," is not a satisfactory one. Fortunately for us, science is making strides in understanding the teenage brain, and recent research may have the answer we have been asking ourselves since our babies first entered that awkward and ever so turbulent stage in the human journey. ...more ...
This film revolves around a group of teenagers whod ride instead of getting wasted, partying and hooking up every weekend. They just do the same thing only amongst a select group. Instead of sharing themselves with outsiders. Almost lien a cult. The way it is described it is to help themselves stay focused on school and not with relationships, but they seem almost as obsessed with sex as others and go out of the way to display it and themselves at school as sort of a forbidden fruit. Then of course comes the new guy in town. Who falls for the female leader of the crew, which upsets the group and tears her apart... emotionally by thinking she is carting on in an affair and proving the utopia she helped create is crap. This slowly disintegrates the group and their relationships. Though the new kid isnt all that he seems either. There is a lot of sex talk and some actually shown, but ether way the film is boring as send to exist on a different plain where there is little to no logic most of the ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! It is commonly believed that birth order is an important determinant of success. However, previous studies in this area have failed to provide convincing evidence that birth order is related to test scores, education, or earnings. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979, we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual activity, and crime. Our estimates show that middle borns and last borns are much more likely to use substances and be sexually active than their firstborn counterparts. These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.
Each year, approximately three million cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) occur among teenagers (1), and approximately one million become pregnant (2). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is the sixth leading cause of death among persons aged 15-24 years in the United States (3). Unprotected sexual intercourse and multiple sex partners place young persons at risk for HIV infection, other STDs, and pregnancy. To determine trends in sexual risk behaviors among high school students, CDC analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) for the years 1991, 1993, 1995, and 1997. This report summarizes the results of this analysis, which indicate that, from 1991 to 1997, the percentage of U.S. high school students who had ever had sexual intercourse decreased, and the prevalence of condom use among currently sexually active students increased. The YRBS, a component of CDCs Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, measures the prevalence of health-risk behaviors among ...
Previous studies with rodents have found that adolescent exposure to psychoactive drugs can alter neurophysiology and produce behavioral effects that persist into adulthood. While several studies have examined the effects of adolescent exposure to nicotine on the subsequent rewarding value of various drugs of abuse in adulthood, to date, no known studies have examined the converse of this relationship. d-Amphetamine (i.e., dextroamphetamine, ProCentra®) is a potent psychostimulant that is commonly used in the treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adolescents. The present study assessed the effects of adolescent exposure to d-amphetamine on the rewarding value of nicotine in adulthood. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats received subcutaneous (sc) injections of d-amphetamine (d-AMPH) (0.5 mg/kg; n = 36) or saline (1.0 ml/kg; n = 36) once-daily for 10 days during adolescence, beginning on postnatal day (PND) 31. Subjects were then allowed to mature to early adulthood (PND 70),
Parents, teachers, coaches, or instructors may be able to identify the child or adolescent with bulimia. Many people with the disorder initially keep their illness hidden. However, a child psychiatrist or a qualified mental health professional usually diagnoses bulimia in children and adolescents. A detailed history of the adolescents behavior from parents and teachers, clinical observations of the adolescents behavior, and, sometimes, psychological testing contribute to the diagnosis. Parents who note symptoms of bulimia in their child or teen can help by seeking an evaluation and treatment early. Early treatment can often prevent future problems. Bulimia, and the malnutrition that results, can harm nearly every organ system in the body. This is why early diagnosis and treatment is important. Talk with your adolescents health care provider for more information. ...
Results from the second county-level Youth Risk Behavior Survey in Jacksonville will be unveiled this week.. The Duval County Health Department and Duval County Public Schools will present the 2011 results January 25 from 8 to 10 am at the Schultz Center. To attend, RSVP to [email protected] (or [email protected]).. The YRBS survey was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to monitor priority health risk behaviors of middle and high school students that contribute to the leading causes of mortality, morbidity, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States.. The YRBS questions cover the following areas:. ...
Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSS) are conducted and analyzed by MSDHs Health Data and Research Unit to evaluate adolescent health and risk behaviors such as smoking, drug use, exercise and diet.. ...
Abstract Anxiety disorders are common in adolescents (ages 12 to 18) and contribute to a range of impairments. There has been speculation that adolescents with anxiety are at risk for being treatment nonresponders. In this review, the authors examine the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescents with anxiety. Outcomes from mixed child and adolescent samples and from adolescent-only samples indicate that approximately two-thirds of youths respond favorably to CBT. CBT produces moderate to large effects and shows superiority over control/comparison conditions. The literature does not support differential outcomes by age: adolescents do not consistently manifest poorer outcomes relative to children. Although extinction paradigms find prolonged fear extinction in adolescent samples, basic research does not fully align with the processes and goals of real-life exposure. Furthermore, CBT is flexible and allows for tailored application in adolescents, and it may be delivered in ...
Parents, teachers, coaches, or instructors may be able to identify the child or adolescent with bulimia, although many persons with the disorder initially keep their illness very private and hidden. However, a child psychiatrist or a qualified mental health professional usually diagnoses bulimia in children and adolescents. A detailed history of the adolescents behavior from parents and teachers, clinical observations of the adolescents behavior, and, sometimes, psychological testing contribute to the diagnosis. Parents who note symptoms of bulimia in their child or teen can help by seeking an evaluation and treatment early. Early treatment can often prevent future problems.. Bulimia, and the malnutrition that results, can adversely affect nearly every organ system in the body, increasing the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Consult your adolescents physician for more information.. ...
Parents, teachers, coaches, or instructors may be able to identify the child or adolescent with bulimia, although many persons with the disorder initially keep their illness very private and hidden. However, a child psychiatrist or a qualified mental health professional usually diagnoses bulimia in children and adolescents. A detailed history of the adolescents behavior from parents and teachers, clinical observations of the adolescents behavior, and, sometimes, psychological testing contribute to the diagnosis. Parents who note symptoms of bulimia in their child or teen can help by seeking an evaluation and treatment early. Early treatment can often prevent future problems.. Bulimia, and the malnutrition that results, can adversely affect nearly every organ system in the body, increasing the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Consult your adolescents physician for more information.. ...
Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation http://archive.org/details/reportofstatein191718nort RALEIGH Edwards & Broughton Printing Company State Printers 1919 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT STATE INSPECTOR OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS NORTH CAROLINA SCHOLASTIC YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1918 INCLUDING A REPORT OF THE TOWN AND CITY HIGH SCHOOLS N. W. WALKER PROFESSOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AND STATE INSPECTOR OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS OFFICE OF THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION Raleigh, N.C. DR. JAMES YADKIN JOYNER Dr. Joyner served as State Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina from February, 1902, to January 1, 1919, when he resigned from office and volun-tarily retired to private life. During his administration, he made, to quote the words of Governor Bickett, "a noble and imperishable contribution to the intellectual and moral life of the State." Among his significant contributions to ...
Several studies have examined the effects of state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most -- but not all -- finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco. We advance the literature by using data from the 1991-2005 waves of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS), providing information on over 100,000 high school age youths. We also are the first to make use of hundreds of independently fielded state and local versions of the YRBS, reflecting data from over 750,000 youths. Importantly, these data are to our knowledge the only sources of relevant information on youth smoking that were explicitly designed to be representative of the sampled state or locality. We estimate two-way fixed effects models of the effect of state cigarette taxes on youth smoking, controlling for survey demographics and area and year fixed effects. Our most consistent finding is that -- contrary to some recent research -- the large state tobacco tax increases of the ...
N.C. Division of Public Health / Surveillance and Evaluation Team / 919-707-5425 / www.ncpublichealth.com State of North Carolina / Department of Health and Human Services / www.dhhs.state.nc.us N.C. DHHS is an equal opportunity employer and provider. The N.C. Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N.C. YRBS) provides a critical source of public health data for understanding the scope of injury-related problems and measuring progress toward overall goals among public school students. N.C. YRBS is a comprehensive statewide sample of 2,000 middle and 2,300 high school students from across the state. Every other spring in odd years, a core set of injury-related questions are asked along with other health and risk-factor questions. Risk-factor variables include information such as alcohol use, seat belt use and physical assault. The sampling scheme is intended to generate a statewide representative sample of weighted data. Increasing school district participation and data utilization are two keys for future ...
Hartford Public High School hosts three blood drives a year, but Wednesday's turnout was especially needed after harsh winter weather led to canceled blood drives across the Northeast, Red Cross spokesman Peter Boucher said.
Intuitively it simply makes sense: exposure to sexual content in movies at an early age probably influences adolescents sexual behavior. And yet, even though a great deal of research has shown that adolescents who watch more risky behaviors in popular movies, like drinking or smoking, are more likely to drink and smoke themselves, surprisingly little research has examined whether movies influence adolescents sexual behaviors.
The new Metabolic Monitoring for Children and Adolescents on Antipsychotics (APM) HEDIS measure calculates the percentage of children ages 1-17 who have had two or more antipsychotic prescriptions filled and at least one metabolic test for blood glucose HbA1c, and at least one test for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LCL-C) or total cholesterol each year. Examples of first and second-generation antipsychotic medications included in this measure are chlorpromazine, aripiprazole, clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, haloperidol, and trifluoperazine. As you know, while antipsychotic medications are effective in treating certain mental illnesses in children, their side effects can lead to or exacerbate other health problems. Children taking antipsychotics are prone to significant weight gain and obesity-related complications such as cardiovascular issues, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes. Consequently, it is important that patients on antipsychotic ...
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was developed by the Centers for Disease Control to monitor priority health-risk behaviors among students nationwide. Chicago Public Schools has administered the Youth Risk Behavior Survey since the surveys inception in 1991. The YRBS is administered every other year to a random sample of middle school and high school classrooms. Student participation is voluntary and anonymous. Topics covered include unintentional injuries and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity and obesity and asthma. The data are used to:. ...
Sex education, also called "Sexuality Education" or informally "Sex Ed" is education about human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, human sexual behavior, and other aspects of sexuality, such as body image, sexual orientation, dating, and relationships. Common avenues for sex education are parents, caregivers, friends, school programs, religious groups, popular media, and public health campaigns.. Sexual education is not always taught the same in every country. For example, in France sex education has been part of school curricula since 1973. Schools are expected to provide 30 to 40 hours of sex education, and pass out condoms to students in grades eight and nine. In January, 2000, the French government launched an information campaign on contraception with TV and radio spots and the distribution of five million leaflets on contraception to high school students.[60]. In Germany, sex education has been part of school curricula since 1970. Since 1992 sex education is by law a ...
Adolescent use of marijuana, according to groups that are against any use of the plant, like the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids (who should be barking at BigPharma; buy hey, what do we know?!), is associated with adverse effects later in life. For them, the identification of factors underlying adolescent use is of significant public health importance. The relationship between US state laws that permit cannabis for medical purposes and adolescent marijuana use has been a hot topic of debate. The claim is that these laws convey a message about cannabis acceptability that increases its use in adolescents soon after passage. A recent study utilized 24 years worth of national data from the USA to examine the relationship between state medical cannabis laws and adolescent use of marijuana.. The studys authors use a multistage, random-sampling design with replacement, compiled from surveys conducted annually amongst national surveys of 8th, 10th, and 12th-grade students (modal ages 13-14, 15-16, and ...
The aim of this study was to examine the association between sports participation and sedentary behavior during school recess among Brazilian adolescents. This study included 2,243 adolescents aged 13-18 years (16.2 ± 1.1), 62.2% females and 37.8% males, enrolled in public high schools in Aracaju, Northeastern Brazil. Sedentary behavior during school recess and sport participation was self-reported. Several factors were examined, including sex, age, skin color, socioeconomic status, maternal education and physical activity level. Sixty percent of adolescents had sedentary behavior during school recess and 57.7% of adolescents reported that they did not participate in any team sport. Additionally, adolescents who did not practice any team sport were 40% more likely (OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.8) to be sedentary during school recess compared to those who participated in two or more team sports. It is recommended that schools encourage students to engage in sports activities and promote more physical ...
Twenty years of data from states with and without medical marijuana show legalizing the drug did not lead to increased use by adolescents, according to a new study by Rhode Island Hospital.. The study, published online in late April in the Journal of Adolescent Health, examined a nationally representative sample of high school students. The data showed that marijuana use, while high, did not change significantly after states changed their policies on marijuana.. The study is consistent with a body of studies that reached the same conclusion, said Mike Elliott, executive director of the Marijuana Industry Group.. Colorado teens marijuana use actually decreased after the state licensed medical marijuana businesses in 2010, according the the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System conducted by the Centers for Disease Control.. Colorados 2011 rate was lower than in 2005, immediately before dispensaries opened.. Colorado: Youth marijuana usage in Colorado went down 2.8% (24.8% to 22%) from 2009 to ...
The current study examines links between parent-adolescent relationship characteristics, friendship risk, and adolescent aggressive behavior. Adolescents (N = 110; M age = 17.05 years) were surveyed about their aggressive behavior (including cyber, relational, and overt) and the extent to which they disclosed aspects about their social lives (online and offline) to their parents. Participants also reported on the extent to which they hid or concealed components of their online and offline social lives from their parents, and about their exposure to a risky friendship context. Results indicate that high amounts of adolescent secrecy coupled with either (1) cyber aggressive friends, or (2) high levels of unsupervised socializing, increases adolescents risk for cyber aggression. Interactions between the parenting and peer contexts were also found with regard to relationally aggressive behavior. Implications of these results are discussed in the context of the parent-adolescent relationship. ...
Background: Youth friendly services were introduced in all the ten districts t of Lesotho to meet the adolescents health needs including reproductive health of adolescents. Despite this initiative there is still a high prevalence of teenage pregnancy and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among young people. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the utilization, and factors influencing the utilization of reproductive health services (RHS) among high school adolescents in Thaba-Tseka district of Lesotho. Methodology: This was a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. The study population was adolescents aged between 13 -19 years in the two high schools in the district. A total of 800 adolescents were asked to complete a structured, self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise demographics, sexual activity, experience of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and awareness and use of RHS. The chi-square test was used to identify ...
African American adolescent females in youth detention centers are at high risk for HIV infection. There are, however, no evidence-based interventions (EBI) for this vulnerable population. The aim of this project is to develop and test a culturally and gender-appropriate sexual health education program designed to promote HIV preventive sexual behaviors among African American adolescent females in youth detention centers. The study will be conducted in four stages: (1) adaptation of SiHLE intervention; (2) pilot adapted intervention; (3) revisions to adapted intervention, measures, and implementation; and (4) implementation and evaluation.. We will work closely with the Metro Regional Youth Detention Center (RYDC), in Atlanta, Georgia for all four stages of the project. The first stage, adaptation of SiHLE intervention, will be implemented using data collected from a prior study and with use of Community and Teen Advisory Boards (CAB and TAB). The pilot intervention will be completed with 20 ...
Young men in rural South Africa with early sexual debut exhibit a constellation of risk factors for HIV infection, and also later sexual risk.. Young men reporting sexual debut before age 15 were more likely not to use condoms at first sex, to have had multiple and casual partners, and to say they "had not been ready and wanted to have sex." Young men with early sexual debut were 10 times more likely to have had multiple partners, even after controlling for duration of sexual activity, reinforcing evidence that early sexual experiences may determine sexual risk behaviours throughout the life course.9 Importantly, risk behaviours, once established, may be difficult to change.. Yet in-depth interpretation of these findings is difficult. Being "in love" and having been "ready and wanted to have sex at that time" are not mutually exclusive, nor is it clear how these are associated with other risk behaviours. Qualitative findings6,10 indicate reasons that young men initiate sexual activity: peer ...
Background: The quantity and quality of studies in child and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour have rapidly increased, but research directions are often pursued in a reactive and uncoordinated manner. Aim: To arrive at an international consensus on research priorities in the area of child and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Methods: Two independent panels, each consisting of 12 experts, undertook three rounds of a Delphi methodology. The Delphi methodology required experts to anonymously answer questions put forward by the researchers with feedback provided between each round. Results: The primary outcome of the study was a ranked set of 29 research priorities that aimed to be applicable for the next 10 years. The top three ranked priorities were: developing effective and sustainable interventions to increase childrens physical activity long-term; policy and/or environmental change and their influence on childrens physical activity and sedentary ...
Study Purpose: Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors took place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources.. Longitudinal Cohort Study. One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary ...
Background Because the effects of susceptibility genes on alcohol use may differ as a function of age throughout adolescence and young adulthood, prospective study designs, in addition to cross-sectional ones are needed in genetic association studies. The short, low activity allele of a polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) has been related to alcohol dependence. In the current study we tested whether 5-HTTLPR genotype was associated with adolescent alcohol use both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Methods Non-regular drinkers (n=202) were selected from Dutch, nationwide sample of adolescents (mean age 13.4 at baseline) who were assessed across five annual waves. Latent growth curve modeling was applied to examine individual development of alcohol use over time, by estimating the initial level of alcohol use at Wave 2 (intercept), and the rate of change in alcohol use across time (slope). Results The 5-HTTLPR short allele predicted adolescents growth (slope) in ...
Comprehensive theoretical models of adolescent problem behavior propose risk and promotive factors at multiple levels of the social environment, including the family, peer, school, and neighborhood contexts.1-3 In addition, growing attention is focused on promoting positive youth development, encouraging health-promoting behavior, and investing in resources for youth.4-7 Thus, a holistic and comprehensive approach to optimizing adolescent development requires an understanding of factors related to both reducing problem behavior and increasing positive, competent youth behavior.. Research related to optimal youth development has begun to delineate critical dimensions of important social contexts.8-11 For example, some researchers propose 3 basic experiences (ie, connection, regulation, and autonomy) to define youths main associations with their environment that can be measured across multiple settings.8,12,13 Others have articulated similar concepts and expanded the number of dimensions to ...
3 There is No Correlation Between Menthol Share and Youth Smoking in the U.S., at the State Level In Source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS) and Lorillard Tobacco Company shipment volume from wholesale to retail. The 2009 YRBS was used for Missouri, Nevada and Pennsylvania. Data for Minnesota were taken from the Minnesota Youth Tobacco and Asthma Survey 2011; data for California from the County and Statewide Archive of Tobacco Statistics 2010; data for Oregon from Oregon Healthy Teens 2011; and data for Washington from Washington State Healthy Youth Survey 2010
This was the first study to report third-variable impacts of a body-perception variable on the relationship between adolescent weight status and HRQoL. Adolescents weight perceptions significantly moderated the relationship between overweight/obesity and reduced HRQoL. Adolescents who were outside the normal weight range and misperceived their objectively measured weight status enjoyed a higher HRQoL than adolescents whose weight perception was concordant with their actual weight status. These findings suggest that practitioners may need to exercise caution when educating adolescents about their weight status, as such reality checks may negatively impact on adolescent HRQoL. It is suggested that more research be conducted to examine this potential effect.. ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released new data that emphasizes the connection between student health and academic performance. Although studies have indicated a relationship between educational outcomes and health-related behaviors, there has been a lack of recent nationally representative studies. CDC analyzed results from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) to assess the relationship between academic achievement and 30 health-related behaviors significantly contributing to morbidity and mortality among adolescents in the United States. Key findings from this study include:. ...
OBJECTIVES: We examined the interactions between three dopamine gene alleles (DAT1, DRD2, DRD4) previously associated with violent behavior and two components of the adolescent environment (exposure to violence, school social environment) to predict adulthood physical intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration among white men and women. METHODS: We used data from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a cohort study following individuals from adolescence to adulthood. Based on the prior literature, we categorized participants as at risk for each of the three dopamine genes using this coding scheme: two 10-R alleles for DAT1; at least one A-1 allele for DRD2; at least one 7-R or 8-R allele for DRD4. Adolescent exposure to violence and school social environment was measured in 1994 and 1995 when participants were in high school or middle school. Intimate partner violence perpetration was measured in 2008 when participants were 24 to 32 years old. We used simple and
Session presented on Thursday, July 21, 2016: Purpose: This study examined the nature of health status disparities between immigrant and non-immigrant adolescents and the influence of gender. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at several public health high schools where surveys were collected on 10th grade students (n=612). Comparisons between immigrant and non-immigrants adolescents, as well as comparisons by gender were made to examine the dependent variable health status. Analyses included cluster analysis and logistic regression models. Significance was declared at p,0.05. SAS version 9.3 was used. Results: Bivariate results indicate that of the four adolescent groups (male immigrants, female immigrants, male non-immigrants and female non-immigrants), excellent health status was reported least by male adolescent immigrants (p,0.05). Patterns of health behaviors varied among the four groups. Female immigrants compared to three other groups of adolescents (i.e., male immigrants, ...
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This study evaluated predictors of risky and safer behavior in a sample of low-income African American adolescents, assessed their perceptions of the risk associated with their sexual behavior, and examined differences between adolescents who used condoms consistently, inconsistently, or engaged only in unprotected intercourse. African American adolescents (N = 312) completed measures related to AIDS knowledge, frequency of condom use, attitudes toward condoms, and sexual behavior over the preceding 2 months. Multiple regression analyses for the sexually active youths (N = 114) revealed that lower self-efficacy, higher perceived risk, and male gender were associated with high-risk behavior. Positive attitudes toward condoms and younger age had the strongest association with condom use. Consistent condom users were more knowledgeable and held more positive attitudes toward condoms, and nonusers were older. Regardless of their behavior, the adolescents generally did not perceive themselves to be a risk
Condom use at first sexual intercourse among young people aged 16 to 19 increased between 1998 and 2005 (from 47.8% to 65.6%, p,0.000). As Table 3 shows, the change is true for both those who had their first sexual experience in a steady relationship (from 48.5% to 67.7%), and those who did so in a casual relationship (from 47.2% to 62.6%). There was an increase in condom use at first sexual intercourse (p,0.05), except among young Protestants, those with no religion and those with a family income of between 5 and 10 times the minimum wage. There was also a decrease in the number of young people whose first sexual relationship was before the age of 14 (54.4% to 26.6%), particularly among those who had their first experience during a casual relationship (51.9% to 17.6%).. A more detailed analysis of the fall in condom use for all young people who had their first sexual relationship before the age of 14, showed this was particularly acute in the Southeastern region of Brazil (a decrease from 90.7% ...
Sexual Exploitation of Teenagers examines the sexual exploitation of maturing teenagers by adults. It explores why scientific facts concerning adolescent neurological and psychosocial development are incongruent with protective laws concerning juvenile consent to sexual activity. Adolescents may not have the wisdom-the emotional, intellectual, and experiential tools-to handle challenges, such as sexual harassment. The book recounts the stories of several teenagers who filed federal or state anti-discrimination cases. It analyzes these cases in light of evolving law and gendered social attitudes concerning sexually active women and youth. From case stories, readers can evaluate the factors, including adolescent development and judicial bias, which arguably play a role in exploitation cases. The book also highlights conflicting criminal and civil laws, detailing the legal and social mixed message received by adults and teenagers. It traces why personal injury law, sexual harassment law, and statutory rape
Averett, S., Corman, H., & Reichman, N. (2010). "Effects of Overweight on Risky Sexual Behavior of Adolescent Girls." NBER Working Paper Series. http://www.nber.org/papers/w16172.. Carpenter, K., Hasin, D., Allison, D., & Faith, M. (2000). "Relationships Between Obesity and DSM-IV Major Depressive Disorder, Suicide Ideation, and Suicide Attempts; Results from a General Population Study." American Journal of Public Health, 90(2), 251-257. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). "Youth risk behavior surveillance-United States, 2013." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63 (4), pp. 155. Cook, S.J., MacPherson, K., & Langille, D. (2007). "Far From Ideal: Weight Perception, Weight Control, and Associated Risky Behaviour of Adolescent Girls in Nova Scotia." Canadian Family Physician, 53, 679-684. Eichen, D., Conner, B., Daly, B., & Fauber, R. (2012). "Weight Perception, Substance Use, and Disordered Eating Behaviors: Comparing Normal Weight and Overweight High-School Students." Journal ...
Introduction. Suicide-related fatalities are the third leading cause of death among adolescents, resulting in approximately 4,600 deaths annually. According to findings from the 2005 National College Health Assessment, engagement in weekly physical activity (PA) reduced the risk of suicidal behaviors. Data from the 2010 middle school Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) administered by Tennessee Coordinated School Health this study investigates the cross-sectional relationships of PA with suicidal behaviors, while simultaneously considering explanatory variables such as personal characteristics, sedentary behaviors, drug use, extreme weight control behaviors (EWCB), body mass index (BMI) and weight misperception. Methods. This is a secondary analysis of data from the 2010 Tennessee Middle School YRBS conducted among 65,182 middle school students of which 60,715 students were included in the final analysis. Items assessed were PA, sports team engagement, PE class, sedentary behaviors, suicidal behaviors,
Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences of colorism on perceived harm of sexual risk taking behaviors among 243 African American adolescent females. Additionally, this study sought to examine the potential moderating role of cultural pride reinforcement messages and cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages. Hierarchal linear regressions were conducted to examine the studys hypotheses. The findings revealed that higher levels of acceptance of Eurocentric standards of beauty were associated with lower levels of perceived harm of sexual risk taking variables. However, further analyses revealed that this relationship did not remain significant. Additionally, neither cultural pride reinforcement messages or cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages served as significant moderators in the relationship between colorism and perceived harm of sexual risk taking.. Colorism and perceived sexual risk taking among African American adolescent girls: where does ...
Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences of colorism on perceived harm of sexual risk taking behaviors among 243 African American adolescent females. Additionally, this study sought to examine the potential moderating role of cultural pride reinforcement messages and cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages. Hierarchal linear regressions were conducted to examine the studys hypotheses. The findings revealed that higher levels of acceptance of Eurocentric standards of beauty were associated with lower levels of perceived harm of sexual risk taking variables. However, further analyses revealed that this relationship did not remain significant. Additionally, neither cultural pride reinforcement messages or cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages served as significant moderators in the relationship between colorism and perceived harm of sexual risk taking.. Colorism and perceived sexual risk taking among African American adolescent girls: where does ...
Night sleep duration of Japanese children aged 10-18 y has become shorter by one hour during the last 30 years in Japan [1]. The so called "24-hour society", which is currently in progress in Japan, seems to change environmental conditions surrounding children. For example, mobile phones are used by more than 90 % of university students and more than 30% of junior high school students living in the urban area of Kochi city (33°N) [2]. Students can communicate with their colleagues even in the middle of the night with mobile phones. Frequent or long-time (more than 30 min) usage of the mobile phone makes university and junior high school students more evening-typed [2].. "Convenience stores" are open for 24 hours and provide several kinds of food and other goods for general civilian life. Convenience stores are now common all over Japan even in suburban areas. Illumination inside the convenience stores is very bright (2000 lux or more at the level of the eyes). Bright lighting in retail stores ...
Adolescent health, or youth health, is the range of approaches to preventing, detecting or treating young peoples health and well being (WHO, 2001). The term adolescent and young people are often used interchangeably, as are the terms Adolescent Health and Youth Health. Young peoples health is often complex and requires a comprehensive, biopsychosocial approach (NSW Dept of Health, 2010). Youth Health includes adolescent medicine as a speciality, along with other primary and tertiary care services. Key health services for young people: Adolescent medicine Child protection Drug and Alcohol services and Youth Drug courts General practitioners Justice Health Mental Health services Psychology School health services Sexual health services Social work Transition care Youth health nursing Youth health services Youth work and youth development services ^Youth Attitudes Web based supports such as Reach Out! Capacity building organisations support the Youth Health sector by providing access to ...
The present study examined the influence of family circumstance on the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of adolescents living in England. Associations were not consistent across behaviours or between genders, and relationships for variables with more than two categories were not necessarily linear. Overall, higher levels of sedentary behaviour were associated with living in a single parent household in boys and lower SES in girls. Living in a low SES neighbourhood was associated with reduced participation in sports/exercise in boys and girls, and low individual level SES was associated with lower levels of active travel in boys only. Family structure was not associated with physical activity in girls, and relationships were inconsistent in boys.. Total sedentary behaviour was greater in boys from single versus dual parent households on weekdays and at weekends. Associations with individual sedentary behaviours (e.g. TV viewing, computer use) or groups of sedentary behaviour (e.g. ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the multiple mediational roles of academic social comparison directions (upward academic social comparison and downward academic social comparison) on the relationships between achievement goal orientations (i.e., mastery goals, performance-approach goals and performance-avoidance goals) and subjective well-being (SWB) in school (school satisfaction, school affect) in adolescent students in China. A total of 883 Chinese adolescent students (430 males; Mean age = 12.99) completed a multi-measure questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypotheses. Results indicated that (1) mastery goal orientations and performance-approach goal orientations both showed a statistically significant, positive correlation with SWB in school whereas performance-avoidance goal orientations showed a statistically significant, negative correlation with SWB in school among adolescents; (2) upward academic social comparisons mediated the relation between the
Screening and managing depression in adolescents Jami F Young, Michelle R Miller, Nida KhanDepartment of Clinical Psychology, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USAAbstract: Approximately 10%–15% of adolescents will experience a major depressive episode. The risk factors associated with depression in adolescence include a family history of depression, being female, subthreshold depression, having a nonaffective disorder, negative cognitions, interpersonal conflict, low social support, and stressful life events. Despite the availability of measures to identify depressed adolescents and efficacious interventions to treat these adolescents, a large number of depressed adolescents go undetected and untreated. This review describes several screening measures that can be used to identify adolescents with elevated depression symptoms who would benefit from a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation. If an adolescent is diagnosed with a depressive
Background Young people in the UK have among the worst health in Europe with marked inequalities across the social scale. Substance use and violence are highly prevalent and damaging to young peoples long-term health. There are increasing calls for adolescent health interventions to address multiple rather than single risk behaviours because such behaviours cluster together and because such interventions are potentially more feasible and efficient. Positive youth development (PYD) is one such intervention to address inter-clustered risk behaviours among young people. The National Youth Agency defines such interventions as voluntary and informal educational activities aiming to bring about generalised youth development in terms of positive assets such as skills, relationships and confidence, rather than merely remedying problem behaviours. We systematically reviewed outcome evaluations testing the effectiveness of PYD interventions on preventing substance use and violence in young people. ...
Title:Acute Methamphetamine and Benzylpiperazine Decrease Aggression- Related Behavior in Late Adolescent Male Rats. VOLUME: 2 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Hamish N.L. Johnson and Robert N. Hughes. Affiliation:Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8149, New Zealand.. Keywords:Anxiety, aggression, benzylpiperazine, methamphetamine, rat, resident/intruder test.. Abstract:The effects on aggression in late adolescent male rats of acute administration (via intraperitoneal injection) of 10 or 20 mg/kg of the designer drug, benzylpiperazine (BZP), were assessed in comparison with 1 or 2 mg/kg of methamphetamine (MA). The two drugs are very similar in their behavioral and neurochemical effects. Aggression was measured with the resident/intruder test of aggression which involves recording eight forms of behavior in response to an intruder rat being placed in the resident drug-treated rats cage. Both drugs led to often dose- and specific drug-related changes in seven ...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in schools followed by counselling of parents of overweight adolescents.
Effective interventions for adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the correctional setting may improve care during incarceration, decrease risk of substance relapse, and reduce recidivism after release from the correctional setting of these individuals. The present report delineates the epidemiology of adolescent ADHD in the correctional setting and its association with substance use disorders and comorbid psychiatric illnesses. Evidence suggests that adolescents with ADHD have a higher risk of arrest and incarceration during adulthood. The present report examines evidence related to efficacy of atomoxetine, a nonstimulant medication for the treatment of adolescent ADHD, and presents data from a case series evaluating the effectiveness of atomoxetine for the treatment of adolescent ADHD in the Connecticut correctional setting. The results from the case series suggest that atomoxetine is effective for the treatment of adolescent ADHD in the context of significant ...
Nearly 7% of adolescents reported engaging in extreme weight control behaviors. Boys risk factors included high parental supervision/monitoring and sexual abuse history. Protective factors included high parental expectations, maternal presence, and connectedness with friends and other adults. The only significant risk factor for girls was sexual abuse history. Protective factors included family connectedness, positive family communication, parental supervision/monitoring, and maternal presence. ...
The transition of diabetes care from dependent- to self-care is a challenge for parents and adolescents. Poor transition of care may lead to poor management of diabetes, poor glycemic control, and may have life threatening results; therefore, it is imperative for parents and adolescents to work together for positive outcomes and effective disease management. The purposes of this comparative descriptive study are to describe perceptions of the division of diabetes self- and dependent-care responsibility among young adolescents and parents and to examine the relationship of perceptions to metabolic control of diabetes. The theoretical framework of this study is based Dorothea Orems model of Self-Care. The sample will consist of 60 adolescents with IDDM and their parents from 3 Midwestern diabetes clinics. The Diabetes Family Responsibility Questionnaire will be used to determine the level of responsibility of parents and adolescents in diabetes care. Metabolic Control will be assessed by ...
Background: Adolescent depression is a prevalent mental health problem, which can have a major impact on family cohesion. In such circumstances, excessive use of the Internet by adolescents may exacerbate family conflict and lack of cohesion. The current study aims to explore these patterns within an intervention study for depressed adolescents.Method: The current study draws upon data collected within the Family Options randomized controlled trial that examined family-based interventions for adolescent depression (12-18 years old) in Melbourne (2012-2014). Inclusion in the trial required meeting diagnosis for a Major depressive disorder via the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Disorders (KID-SCID). The transcripts of sessions from 7 group treatments were examined using qualitative thematic analysis. The transcribed sessions consisted of 56 hours of recordings in total from 39 parents who took part in the interventions.Results: The thematic analysis explored parental perceptions of
The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States. The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood with four in-home interviews, the most recent in 2008, when the sample was aged 24-32*. Add Health combines longitudinal survey data on respondents social, economic, psychological and physical well-being with contextual data on the family, neighborhood, community, school, friendships, peer groups, and romantic relationships, providing unique opportunities to study how social environments and behaviors in adolescence are linked to health and achievement outcomes in young adulthood. The fourth wave of interviews expanded the collection of biological data in Add Health to understand the social, behavioral, and biological linkages in health trajectories as the Add Health cohort ages through adulthood. The fifth wave of data collection is planned to begin
Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health. In 2002-2005, UYDEL established four (4) youth friendly drop in centres and 12 mobile clinical outreach posts in the communities with the support from African Youth Alliance (AYA)/Pathfinder International/UNFPA; which provided Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health (ASRH) information, family planning counselling and STI treatment to 1,800 Adolescent Commercial Sex Workers (ACSWs) and 600 street/slum adolescents. Between 2007-2008, UYDEL coordinated a network of 14 organisations implementing ASRH information and services in Mukono District with support from International Council on Management Population Programmes (ICOMP). This intervention trained 100 youth peer educators and 20 health service providers from participating organisations, created formal referral systems between government and private health facilities.. In collaboration with University of California, Los Angeles- CCH, UYDEL built the capacity and skills of 25 UYDEL staff that provided ARH life ...
Introduction: Sport participation during adolescence is assumed to have a positive influence on perceived health and health-related behaviors. However, few studies have examined the relationship between sport participation and health among adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sport participation and several health indicators (well-being, physical activity, psychosomatic symptoms, leisure-time and school-related stress, sedentary behaviors, and substance use) among Swedish junior high and high school students.. Methods: Data was collected as a part of the LEVA-survey, a large health and lifestyle-survey annually distributed to junior high and high school students in several municipalities in northern Sweden. The current sample consisted of 7665 students categorized as sport participants (n=4700) and non-participants (n=2965). Individual logistic regression analyses were performed for each health indicator with sport participation as predictor variable. ...
The National Institute for Clinical Excellence has recommended cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for a number of common child and adolescent mental health disorders. The aim of this study was to clarify the practice of CBT within specialist child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom. A survey was distributed to specialist child mental health workers through national organizations and professional bodies. Approximately 10% of specialist CAMHS professionals replied (n=540). One in five reported CBT to be their dominant therapeutic approach, whilst 40% rarely used CBT. Specialist post-qualification training had been undertaken by 21.0% of respondents, with over two-thirds identifying training needs in the core skills of CBT. This survey Suggests that the capacity of specialist CAMHS to meet the requirements of NICE in terms of the availability of CBT skills is doubtful. There is a need to develop CBT training and supervision infra-structures.. ...
The safety of guanfacine in this patient population is the first step in potentially developing an additional psychopharmacological treatment for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders, says Harold S. Koplewicz, MD, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology and president of the Child Mind Institute in New York.. ###. About the Journal. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology is an authoritative peer-reviewed journal published ten times per year online with Open Access options and in print. The Journal is dedicated to child and adolescent psychiatry and behavioral pediatrics, covering clinical and biological aspects of child and adolescent psychopharmacology and developmental neurobiology. Complete tables of content and a sample issue may be viewed on the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology website. About the Publisher. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers is a privately held, fully integrated media company known for establishing ...
Schuylkill Haven High School is a small rural public high school located at 120 Haven Street in Schuylkill Haven, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. In 2015, enrollment was reported as 511 pupils in 8th through 12th grades, with 42% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level. Additionally, 20.9% of pupils received special education services, while 3.9% of pupils were identified as gifted. The school employed 34 teachers. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of the teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. This is the sole high school operated by Schuylkill Haven Area School District. In 2010, Schuylkill Haven High School enrolled 523 students in grades 8th through 12th, with 172 students qualifying for the federal free or reduced-price lunch due to family poverty. The school reported employing 40 teachers, yielding a student-teacher ratio of 13:1. Schuylkill Haven High School students may choose to ...
AMHERST, Mass. - A new interdisciplinary research project at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a five-year, $3.1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to help understand patterns of health behaviors and outcomes among diverse urban adolescents in Massachusetts.. The cross-campus collaboration, which was organized through the UMass Computational Social Science Institute (CSSI), will study friendship and health behavior among students in four middle schools from sixth through eighth grade, allowing the researchers to observe the interplay of the social environment and health behaviors over three consecutive years.. The project is led by James Kitts, professor of sociology, and John Sirard, assistant professor of kinesiology, with collaborators Mark Pachucki, assistant professor of sociology, Lindiwe Sibeko, assistant professor of nutrition, and Krista Gile, associate professor of mathematics and statistics.. "In recent decades, American adolescents have ...
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This review evaluates the evidence on the effects of brief strategic family therapy (BSFT) on drug use reduction for young people in...
Let spirituality enhance the effectiveness of your marriage and family therapy practice! The field of marriage and family therapy is starting to acknowledge that spiritual and religious issues are a valuable part of the lives of both clients and therapists. Spirituality and Family Therapy provides you with important information about this growing trend, including guidelines for therapists who are unsure how to integrate spiritual issues into their practice and detailed case studies that reveal how and why faith is a vital part of many clients lives. Along with these features, youll also find two unique conversational-style chapters where various authors explore their own beliefs and discuss the role of religion in their lives and careers. Spirituality and Family Therapy will help you understand your own spirituality, and use it as an important resource in your relationships with clients. In Spirituality and Family Therapy youll learn about: the links between faith, fathering, and family therapy
Find Structural Family Therapy, Psychologists and Structural Family Therapy Counseling in Nassau County, New York, get help for Structural Family Therapy in Nassau County.
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Multidimensional family therapy is a useful tool in addiction treatment that can help anyone affected by addiction become better with communication.
Background: Psychosocial and emotional factors are important in childhood asthma. Nevertheless, drug therapy alone continues to be the main treatment. Treatment programmes that include behavioural or psychological interventions have been developed to improve disturbed family relations in the families of children with severe asthma. These approaches have been extended to examine the efficacy of family therapy to treat childhood asthma in a wider group of patients. This review systematically examines these studies. Objectives: Recognition that asthma can be associated with emotional disturbances has led to the investigation of the role of family therapy in reducing the symptoms and impact of asthma in children. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of family therapy as an adjunct to medication for the treatment of asthma in children. Search strategy: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials, and checked the reference lists in trial reports and review ...
Couple and Family Therapy provides a variety of therapeutic approaches for working with diverse individuals, couples and families. As Drexel University is known as the birthplace of contextual family therapy, therapists in training continue a tradition of facilitating trust and support in relationships while incorporating influences of community, society and culture. While striving toward cultural competence, Couple and Family Therapy therapists are trained in a variety of modalities, including empirically supported treatments and intergenerational approaches. Drexels program is unique in that it focuses on the therapists personal development as a mechanism for promoting clinical competence. We work with a variety of client concerns, including... ...
WITNEY, Mike N.. Using metaphor and narrative ideas in trauma and family therapy. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2012, vol.68, n.2, pp.99-104. ISSN 2072-8050.. Everyday people living in South Africa experience trauma, either first hand through accidents, crime, violence and abuse or through being witnesses to the traumatic event. This results in people in South Africa suffering from anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other severe mental health issues. One only has to read a newspaper, watch or listen to the news to get a glimpse of the landscape of trauma in our country. In this article I looked at using narrative ideas and metaphor in therapy with trauma and family therapy.. ...
Dr. Haines, Ph.D., LMFT, LPC, is currently an Assistant Professor and Clinic Director at the Pfeiffer Institute of Marriage and Family Therapy. Dr. Haines is an AAMFT approved supervisor and is also a licensed marriage and family therapy (LMFT) and a licensed professional counselor (LPC).. Dr. Haines was born and raised in Nebraska and completed her bachelors degree in psychology at Colorado Christian University (formerly Rockmont College). She then completed an Educational Specialist degree (Ed.S.) at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, in Educational Psychology and Guidance. Dr. Haines worked for several years as a school psychologist both in public and private schools. Later, Dr. Haines went on to pursue her Ph.D. in Marriage and Family Therapy at Saint Louis University.. ...
1 A Selected Social History of the Stepping-Stone Drugs / Thomas P. Gullotta 1 -- 2 A Biological/Genetic Perspective: The Addicted Brain / Thomas H. Kelly, Alessandra N. Kazura, Karen M. Lommel, Shanna Babalonis, Catherine A. Martin 15 -- 3 Individual Characteristics and Needs Associated with Substance Misuse of Adolescents and Young Adults in Addiction Treatment / Michael L. Dennis, Michelle K. White, Melissa L. Ives 45 -- 4 Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: A Review of Evidence-Based Research / Ken C. Winters, Andria M. Botzet, Tamara Fahnhorst, Randy Stinchfield, Rachel Koskey 73 -- 5 Adolescent Outpatient Treatment / Richard Dembo, Randolph D. Muck 97 -- 6 Evidence-Based Family Treatment of Adolescent Substance Abuse and Dependence / Shaun I. Calix, Mark A. Fine 119 -- 7 Residential Treatment of Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders: Evidence-Based Approaches and Best Practice Recommendations / Robert W. Plant, Peter Panzarella 135 -- 8 Primary Prevention in Adolescent Substance Abuse ...
The paper by Dare et al (2001), on a trial of psychological treatments for anorexia nervosa, has two major shortcomings. The investigators planned for a year of weekly sessions of 50 minutes of psychoanalytic therapy; a year of weekly to 3-weekly sessions (60 to 75 minutes) of family therapy; 23 sessions (50 minutes) of cognitive-analytic therapy (CAT), and an unstated frequency of 30 minute sessions for 1 year for the routine treatment group. The patients in the psychoanalytic arm ended up receiving a mean of 24.9 sessions as opposed to 12.9 for the CAT, 13.6 for the family therapy and 10.9 for the routine arm. The differences in the numbers of sessions planned and those actually taking place has not been taken into account in evaluating the results. A summarised by Bergin & Garfield (1994), a large number of different studies show that more sessions are associated with greater improvements. However, the relationship is not linear and begins to taper off after 26 sessions: a figure almost ...
By Neale McDevitt. Have you done some theatre and are looking for new ways to stimulate your creative side? Are you curious as to what goes on in a psychotherapy session? Would you like to help the McGill School of Social Work (SSW) select the very best students for its specialized M.Sc.(A) Couple and Family Therapy Program?. If so, the SSW has an opportunity for you.. The admissions process to the M.Sc.(A) Couple and Family Therapy - a unique program that equips highly competent graduate students with the skills and clinical competencies that will allow them to work with diverse couples and families - includes a case scenario role-play and interview that serves to assess the candidates suitability for both the program and the profession.. The SSW is looking for individuals from the McGill community to participate as actors in role-playing the case scenarios, which would be centered around a therapist (the candidate) meeting with a family (our McGill actors).. A number of McGill staffers have ...
ARTHUR E. JONGSMA, JR., PHD, is the Series Editor for the bestselling PracticePlanners®. Since 1971, he has provided professional mental health services to both inpatient and outpatient clients. He was the founder and director of Psychological Consultants, a group private practice in Grand Rapids, Michigan, for 25 years. He is the author or coauthor of over 50 books on treatment planning and has conducted training workshops for mental health professionals around the world.. FRANK M. DATTILIO, PHD, ABPP, maintains a dual faculty appointment in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He is the recipient of numerous awards, including the award for Distinguished Psychologist by the American Psychological Associations Division 29. He has more than 200 professional publications and fourteen books in the areas of marital and family discord, anxiety disorders, and forensic and clinical psychology.. SEAN D. DAVIS, PHD, is Assistant ...
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Praise for Treating Adolescent Substance Abuse Using Family Behavior Therapy "This is an extremely positive and strength-focused text that provides therapists with a structure and the tools to implement interventions that have a long history of promoting the types of clinical changes desired by family members and community stakeholders."-From the Foreword by Scott W. Henggeler, PhD, Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Director, Family Services Research Center, Medical University of South Carolina. "Kudos to Donohue and Azrin for writing a book that includes all the materials needed to implement FBT with adolescents, including prompting checklists, handouts, and worksheets."-Karol Kumpfer, PhD, Professor, Health Promotion & Education, and Chair, International Study Abroad Committee, College of Health, University of Utah, and former director, SAMHSAs Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. "Treating Adolescent Substance Abuse Using Family Behavior Therapy is an ...
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This conference celebrates and explores the complex and rewarding interaction between psychodrama and other schools of therapy. The second day of the conference has a focus on mentalization and attachment theory with a Plenary Address by Professor Peter Fonagy, Freud Memorial Professor of Psychoanalysis at University College London and one of the co-creators of the…
Assessing Adolescent Substance Abuse Intervention Programs in South Texas. by Pam Wilson An Applied Research Project (Political Science 5397) Submitted to the Department of Political Science Texas State
Preliminary charges of driving under the influence often do not result in prison time beyond an initial night or 2. Nevertheless, this is a genuine possibility. If you are a repeat wrongdoer, the attorney will inform you what to anticipate as well as exactly what could occur.In some states, these charges can cause substance abuse counseling 30, 60 or 90 days behind bars.. Family treatment is a vital part of rehabilitation. There is no household around that can be emotionally healthy if among its members has a substance abuse problem. It is essential that family members find out to handle feelings that they had during the active addiction of their loved one as well as how they are feeling when that individual ends up being sober. Al-Anon is an assistance group for relative of addicts.. During the exact same year Betty Ford released her very first autobiography entitled "The Times of My Life," which encouraged her to carry on previous her own dependencies and become a high -profile advocate for ...
Child and adolescent psychiatry - کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز  Child and adolescent psychiatry - کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز
Child and adolescent psychiatry , کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز ... Adolescent Subject : Adolescent Behavior Subject : Child Subject : Developmental Disabilities Added Entry : Rutter, Michael, ... Child and adolescent psychiatry [Book]/ edited by Michael Rutter, Eric Taylor Publication Statement : Oxford ;Malden, MA: ...
more infohttp://centlib.ajums.ac.ir/site/catalogue/12930
Multidimensional Family Therapy: Why Communication is Integral in Addiction Treatment  Multidimensional Family Therapy: Why Communication is Integral in Addiction Treatment
In adolescents with addiction problems, it is common to find that there is a root problem on a familial or social level. Using ... 2] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/drugs-brain ... Adolescent goals are: improve self-image, make short-term and long-term life goals, improve communication skills and promote ... Cementing the changes in place. The last weeks of the program are spent strengthening the changes the family and adolescent ...
more infohttp://aforeverrecovery.com/blog/treatment/multidimensional-family-therapy-why-communication-is-integral-in-addiction-treatment/
AAP Patient Education Library - Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine of Delran - Pediatrics for Family Health  AAP Patient Education Library - Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine of Delran - Pediatrics for Family Health
Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine of Delran specializes in pediatric medicine for a childs physical, emotional and ... This behavior is considered common and short-lived in toddlers, but it may persist in children and adults with autism spectrum ... Older children and adolescents were most often hurt while cutting lawns as chores or as a way to earn money. More ... Lead in the body can affect child development and behavior. Lead is a metal that is found in a lot of places. Though you cant ...
more infohttps://www.drbastienpediatrics.com/aap-library.html?aapcat=safety_and_prevention
adolescent behavior problems | BlogHer  adolescent behavior problems | BlogHer
Ah, teenagers. Theyre a sphere of hell for parents all their own. The answer any parent seeking an explanation encounters when questioning a teen, "dunno, seemed like a good idea at the time," is not a satisfactory one. Fortunately for us, science is making strides in understanding the teenage brain, and recent research may have the answer we have been asking ourselves since our babies first entered that awkward and ever so turbulent stage in the human journey. ...more ...
more infohttp://www.blogher.com/free-tagging/adolescent-behavior-problems
Birth Order and Risky Adolescent Behavior  Birth Order and Risky Adolescent Behavior
... we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual ... These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) ... "Will daughters walk moms talk? The effects of maternal communication about sex on the sexual behavior of female adolescents," ... "Parental supervision and adolescent risky behaviors," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 185-206 ...
more infohttps://ideas.repec.org/a/oup/ecinqu/v44y2006i2p215-233.html
Is this normal adolescent behavior? - Child Behavior - MedHelp  Is this normal adolescent behavior? - Child Behavior - MedHelp
Is this normal adolescent behavior? momneedshelp900 My 14 year old son is a freshman in high school and is not doing as well ... All my readings suggest this is not normal adolescent behavior. What should I do? I also read that children who do this most ... You are correct - this is not normal adolescent behavior.You should arrange an evaluation with a mental health clinician who ... Create an account to receive updates on: Is this normal adolescent behavior? ...
more infohttps://www.medhelp.org/posts/Child-Behavior/Is-this-normal-adolescent-behavior/show/1901164
Low vitamin D linked to adolescent behavior problems - Worldnews.com  Low vitamin D linked to adolescent behavior problems - Worldnews.com
Far from just influencing your physical health, vitamin D plays a role in mental health and may influence behavior - even years ... as a deficiency in childhood may affect their behavior in adolescence, according to a ... Study links low vitamin D levels in young kids to aggression in adolescents. How many times did your parents make you go ... In the U.S., an estimated 3.2 million adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 suffer from depression, defined as having at ...
more infohttps://article.wn.com/view/2019/09/05/Low_vitamin_D_linked_to_adolescent_behavior_problems/
Sex, Drugs, and Catholic Schools: Private Schooling and Non-Market Adolescent Behaviors  Sex, Drugs, and Catholic Schools: Private Schooling and Non-Market Adolescent Behaviors
This paper examines the effects of private schooling on adolescent non-market behaviors. We control for differences between ... "Maternal Employment and Adolescent Risky Behavior," Labor and Demography 0302002, EconWPA. * Kim, Young-Joo, 2011. "Catholic ... "Sex, Drugs, and Catholic Schools: Private Schooling and Non-Market Adolescent Behaviors," German Economic Review, Verein für ... "Maternal employment and adolescent risky behavior," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 815-838, July. * ...
more infohttps://ideas.repec.org/a/bla/germec/v13y2012i4p385-415.html
The Parent Effect: How Parenting Style Affects Adolescent Behavior and Personality Development  The Parent Effect: How Parenting Style Affects Adolescent Behavior and Personality Development
... is unique among the many ... adolescents behavior, and their long-term personality development. ... It identifies parenting styles on the basis of parents underlying issues, motivations, and behaviors and explores how these ... The Parent Effect: How Parenting Style Affects Adolescent Behavior and Personality Development is unique among the many ...
more infohttp://naswpress.org/publications/children/parent-effect.html
Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior. Companion Workbook. Evidence-Based...  Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior. Companion Workbook. Evidence-Based...
Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior. Companion Workbook. Evidence-Based ... Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior DVD/Workbook Study Package / 978-1-1180-2894-0 ... Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior DVD Facilitator s Guide / 978-0-470-56850-7 ... Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Disruptive Child and Adolescent Behavior DVD / 978-0-470-41789-8 (sold separately) ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2215022/evidencebased_treatment_planning_for_disruptive
Adolescent Behavior - kidcentraltn.com  Adolescent Behavior - kidcentraltn.com
Adolescents often exhibit some common behaviors based on typical-though incorrect-assumptions:. *"I am on stage." Adolescents ... Behavior. The sudden and rapid physical changes that adolescents go through can make them very self-conscious, sensitive and ... These physical changes, and the adolescents reaction to them, have an impact on young peoples emotional and sexual behavior. ... The Endeavor Program in Cookeville is a structured adolescent day treatment and school program for adolescents between the ages ...
more infohttps://www.kidcentraltn.com/article/adolescent-behavior
Sexual Behaviors | Adolescent and School Health | CDC  Sexual Behaviors | Adolescent and School Health | CDC
Sexual risk behaviors place youth at risk for HIV infection, other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and unintended ... To reduce sexual risk behaviorsExternal. and related health problems among youth, schools and other youth-serving organizations ... CDC recommends all adolescents and adults 13-64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine medical care. ... CDCs Division of Adolescent and School Health addresses HIV, other STDS, and teen pregnancy prevention through ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/sexualbehaviors/
Family Influences on Adolescent Gambling Behavior: A Review of the Literature | SpringerLink  Family Influences on Adolescent Gambling Behavior: A Review of the Literature | SpringerLink
Adolescent gambling is associated with numerous individual, social, and family characteristics.... ... are recognized as an emerging health issue among adolescents. ... Family Influences on Adolescent Gambling Behavior: A Review of ... Adolescent gambling Families Gambling Adolescents Literature review This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Tiggs, B. B. (2003). Parental consent and adolescent risk behavior research. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 35, 283-289. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10899-010-9181-5
Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends From Four Nationally Representative Surveys | Guttmacher Institute  Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends From Four Nationally Representative Surveys | Guttmacher Institute
... adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases ... Adolescents in the United States have a higher proportion of pregnancies that are unintended and that end in abortion than do ... Trends in adolescent sexual behaviors influence rates of adolescent pregnancy and STDs, and are used to monitor the progress of ... Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent ...
more infohttps://www.guttmacher.org/journals/psrh/2000/07/adolescent-sexual-behavior-estimates-and-trends-four-nationally-representative
adolescent behavior | The Changing Behavior Network  adolescent behavior | The Changing Behavior Network
Tagged 1-2-3 Magic!, adolescent behavior, adolescent risk-taking behavior, adolescent sexual behavior, adolescents and praise, ... Tagged 1-2-3 Magic!, adolescent behavior, adolescent risk-taking behavior, adolescent sexual behavior, adolescents and praise, ... Tagged 1-2-3 Magic!, adolescent behavior, adolescent risk-taking behavior, adolescent sexual behavior, adolescents and praise, ... Tagged 1-2-3 Magic!, adolescent behavior, adolescent risk-taking behavior, adolescents and praise, adolescnet sexual behavior, ...
more infohttp://www.thechangingbehaviornetwork.com/tag/adolescent-behavior/
Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends from Four Nationally Representative Surveys | RTI  Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends from Four Nationally Representative Surveys | RTI
... the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM), the ... about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is ... essential to understand changes in adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases and to monitor the progress of health ... Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent ... Santelli, JS., Lindberg, LD., Abma, J., McNeely, CS., & Resnick, M. (2000). Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends ...
more infohttps://www.rti.org/publication/adolescent-sexual-behavior-estimates-and-trends-four-nationally-representative-surveys
Legislation to Increase Uptake of HPV Vaccination and Adolescent Sexual Behaviors | Articles | Pediatrics  Legislation to Increase Uptake of HPV Vaccination and Adolescent Sexual Behaviors | Articles | Pediatrics
Data on the outcomes of adolescent sexual behaviors were collected from the 2001 to 2015 state Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance ... difference study in which we use data on adolescent sexual behaviors from the school-based state Youth Risk Behavior ... Legislation to Increase Uptake of HPV Vaccination and Adolescent Sexual Behaviors. Erin E. Cook, Atheendar S. Venkataramani, ... Adolescent sexual behaviors over time in states with HPV legislation and states without HPV legislation. A, Sexual intercourse ...
more infohttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2018/08/09/peds.2018-0458
Adolescents smoking behavior and risk perceptions.  - PubMed - NCBI  Adolescents' smoking behavior and risk perceptions. - PubMed - NCBI
Adolescents smoking behavior and risk perceptions.. Virgili M1, Owen N, Sverson HH. ... Risk perceptions, and their relationship to different stages of the acquisition of smoking behavior, were examined in a sample ... Implications for understanding and for dealing with the initiation and maintenance of smoking behavior in adolescence are ... may assist in understanding the risks seen to be associated with health-related behaviors. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1821288?dopt=Abstract
Emotional Variability Predicts Mood and Behavior of Adolescents  Emotional Variability Predicts Mood and Behavior of Adolescents
... November 11, 2011 • By A GoodTherapy.org News Summary .fb-share ... The researchers assessed adolescents from 230 area schools for their study. The 497 teens and their families were interviewed ... "Emotional Dynamics in the Development of Early Adolescent Psychopathology: A One-Year Longitudinal Study." Journal of Abnormal ... while no sex differences were found for aggressive behavior. Females also reported higher sadness levels than males, but males ...
more infohttps://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/emotional-variability-predicts-adolescent-mood-behavior-11111102/
Muscle-enhancing Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Boys | Articles | Pediatrics  Muscle-enhancing Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Boys | Articles | Pediatrics
... weight control behaviors, and related factors among adolescents. The sample includes adolescents from 20 public middle schools ... Weight control behaviors among obese, overweight, and nonoverweight adolescents. J Pediatr Psychol. 2002;27(6):531-540pmid: ... Muscle-enhancing Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Boys. Marla E. Eisenberg, Melanie Wall, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer ... Muscle-enhancing behaviors were common for both boys and girls, and rates were higher than reported previously. Adolescents in ...
more infohttps://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/130/6/1019
  • Based on rigorously designed evaluative studies, researchers have reported encouraging findings that support the effects of programs adopting the positive youth development approach in decreasing adolescent risk behaviors and promoting positive developmental outcomes [ 4 - 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Females reported significantly higher levels of anxiety disorder symptoms and depressive symptoms than males at both annual assessments, while no sex differences were found for aggressive behavior. (goodtherapy.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether real-time fMRI feedback is effective in the treatment of aggressive behavior problems in adolescents with high callous unemotional traits when compared to treatment as usual. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In this study, which is part of the European research project MATRICS (Multidisciplinary Approaches to Translational Research), the investigators focus on testing an innovative, non-pharmacological therapeutic approach for adolescents with a specific, difficult to treat subtype of aggressive behavior problems. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Adolescents who drank in a heavy manner were more likely than lighter drinkers to be involved in a variety of delinquent acts and to show aggressive behavior, such as physically attacking people or destroying property. (hhs.gov)
  • To reduce sexual risk behaviors External and related health problems among youth, schools and other youth-serving organizations can help young people adopt lifelong attitudes and behaviors that support their health and well-being-including behaviors that reduce their risk for HIV , other STDs , and unintended pregnancy . (cdc.gov)
  • Family influences on gambling behavior are conceptualized in the following five domains: (1) family sociodemographic factors, (2) general family climate, (3) family members' attitudes and behaviors, (4) parenting practices, and (5) family relationship characteristics. (springer.com)
  • Respondents who live with both parents [AOR= 0.48 (95%CI: 0.21-0.83)] and perceived connected to their parents [AOR= 0.51(95%CI: 0.22-0.96)] were less likely to experience risky sexual behavior. (omicsonline.org)
  • Research evidences showed that parental practices such as parent child connectedness, parental monitoring and parents and adolescents communication about sexuality is protective against risky sexual behavior [ 9 - 11 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Gayle Cicero, chairwoman of the school's guidance department, describes cooperative discipline as a "philosophy for dealing with childhood behavior and school success. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The researchers assessed adolescents from 230 area schools for their study. (goodtherapy.org)
  • The urgent need of developing effective evidence-based programs, strategies, and policies to prevent youth risk behaviors has been repeatedly emphasized by researchers, practitioners, and policy makers across the world. (hindawi.com)
  • These researchers studied the co-occurrence of adolescent risk behaviors using data from 7th to 12th graders in the 1995 Add Health survey. (hhs.gov)
  • Parents are acutely aware of the Big Four adolescent risks: driving, drugs and alcohol, sex and romance, and technology. (thechangingbehaviornetwork.com)
  • Slovic, Fischhoff, & Lichtenstein, 1986), may assist in understanding the risks seen to be associated with health-related behaviors. (nih.gov)
  • 12-14 In addition to these physical health risks, adolescent mothers attain lower levels of education, have fewer economic opportunities and experience higher rates of poverty, 2-4,15 and their children are at increased risk of neonatal mortality, preterm birth, low birth weight and developmental delays. (guttmacher.org)
  • Adolescent suicide attempts: Risks and protectors. (springer.com)
  • From the time the children were 3 to 5 years old, trained interviewers rated the preschoolers' ability to control their impulses and behavior (behavioral control) and flexibly adapt their self-control to environmental demands (resiliency). (emaxhealth.com)
  • If early childhood behaviors such as behavioral control and resiliency put individuals at risk for alcohol and drug use, then programs aimed at changing those behaviors at an early age may protect individuals from experimenting with drugs and alcohol later on. (emaxhealth.com)
  • In line with the hypotheses, correlation and partial correlation analyses showed that parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities at Time 1 predicted adolescent risk behavior and their change at Time 3. (springer.com)
  • Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. (springer.com)
  • The impact of parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control on the academic achievement and self-esteem of African American and European American adolescents. (springer.com)
  • Family functioning and adolescent alcohol use disorders. (springer.com)
  • In a study using two large national data sets, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and Add Health, the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA 1999) found that teenagers who consume alcohol or take illicit drugs are more likely to engage in sex, to do so at a younger age, and to have several partners. (hhs.gov)
  • Adolescents who had consumed alcohol in the previous month were more likely than those who had not to also have engaged in criminal activity in the past year. (hhs.gov)
  • CDC recommends all adolescents and adults 13-64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine medical care. (cdc.gov)
  • Adolescents in the United States have a higher proportion of pregnancies that are unintended and that end in abortion than do adults. (guttmacher.org)
  • 3 - 5 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended routine HPV vaccination for girls ages 11 to 12 since 2006 and for boys ages 11 to 12 since 2009, with catch-up vaccination for older adolescents and young adults. (aappublications.org)
  • It identifies parenting styles on the basis of parents' underlying issues, motivations, and behaviors and explores how these child-rearing practices affect the parent-teen relationship, adolescents' behavior, and their long-term personality development. (naswpress.org)
  • Parenting style is defined as the ardent climate provided by parents and parenting practices signify the behaviors in which parents involve with the purpose of undertaking specific socialization goals. (omicsonline.org)
  • Adolescent fertility is high in Central America: The latest national health surveys from 2002-2007 indicate that fertility rates for 15-19-year-olds are 137 births per 1,000 women in Honduras, 119 in Nicaragua, 114 in Guatemala and 104 in El Salvador, while the Latin American average is 75 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19. (guttmacher.org)
  • At an early age, the peer group becomes an important part of socialization as supported by a 2002 study titled "Adolescents' Peer Groups and Social Identity" published in the journal Social Development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identifying adolescent populations at risk for unhealthy muscle-enhancing behaviors is of considerable importance, yet recent research in the United States is limited in terms of sample diversity and behaviors of interest. (aappublications.org)
  • Teacher involvement was most strongly associated with adolescents' intrinsic reading motivation. (springer.com)
  • Our analysis found that for 3 violence-related behaviors-fighting, weapon carrying, and injuries from fighting-adolescents from 5 European countries were remarkably similar in terms of frequencies, whereas the results were not as uniform cross-nationally for involvement in bullying. (childadvocate.net)
  • Smith-Khuri and colleagues examined frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and associations between violence-related behaviors and potential explanatory characteristics. (childadvocate.net)
  • Latino adolescents using SMS and social media at higher frequencies are more likely to have ever had sex. (nih.gov)
  • However, in some families, this normal adolescent rebellion may lead to conflict as the parents may try to keep control. (kidcentraltn.com)
  • Many adolescents today have problems and are getting into trouble. (drschwerzler.com)
  • 2. Which short- and longer term consequences can be expected from improved self control over brain activation upon aggressive and antisocial behavior problems? (bioportfolio.com)
  • The literature on adolescent conduct problems and substance use supports the notion of an "externalizing (behavioral) path" leading to substance use, particularly for males (Hussong, Curran, and Chassin, 1998). (hhs.gov)
  • Article by W Douglas Tynan, PhD explains one of the most difficult and intractable mental health problems in children and adolescents. (dmoztools.net)
  • These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (repec.org)
  • These results suggest that the Project PATHS has long-term effect in preventing adolescent problem behavior through promoting positive youth development. (hindawi.com)
  • In line with self-determination theory, the results provide evidence for the significance of perceived autonomy-supportive, structured, and involved teacher behavior. (springer.com)
  • Lindberg, Boggess, and Williams' (1999) results somewhat support the interconnectedness of adolescent risk behaviors. (hhs.gov)
  • Annotated resources related to dealing with people, especially children, who exhibit challenging behavior. (dmoztools.net)
  • 16-21 Furthermore, the children of adolescent mothers are more likely to suffer neglect and malnutrition, often due to the poorer social and economic status of their mothers. (guttmacher.org)
  • The use of muscle-enhancing behaviors is substantially higher than has been previously reported and is cause for concern. (aappublications.org)
  • In recent years, a focus on youth strengths, developmental assets, and positive attributes in adolescents has been increasingly advocated and incorporated into the risk behavior prevention models, called the positive youth development approach. (hindawi.com)
  • Adolescent gambling is associated with numerous individual, social, and family characteristics. (springer.com)
  • Based on the review of extant literature, there is empirical evidence that family characteristics are associated with adolescent gambling and further examination of family system influences on gambling behavior is needed. (springer.com)