Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.
The interactions between parent and child.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Sexual activities of humans.
A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Sexual activities of animals.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Educational institutions.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The act of killing oneself.
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.
A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.

Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives. (1/3537)

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments. (2/3537)

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N = 624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke marijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refusal skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

Provocative appeals in anti-smoking mass media campaigns targeting adolescents--the accumulated effect of multiple exposures. (3/3537)

This paper reports findings from a longitudinal study that evaluated the accumulated effect of three consecutive mass media campaigns using provocative and dissonance arousing appeals to prevent cigarette smoking by adolescents. In the spring of 1992, all eligible adolescents aged 14 and 15 in one intervention county (N = 4898) and one control county (N = 5439) in Norway were included in the study, and were followed until they were 17 and 18 years of age in 1995. Only students who completed questionnaires both in 1992 and 1995 were included in the analyses. Among the non-smokers at baseline, a significantly lower proportion of adolescents of both genders had started to smoke in the intervention county compared to the proportion in the control county. Among those who were smokers at baseline, significantly more girls in the intervention county had stopped smoking than in the control county, while no significant difference between the counties was detected among boys. Our findings suggest that provocative and dissonance arousing appeals that create affective reactions and lead to interpersonal communication should be given more attention in campaigns designed to influence adolescent smoking. However, such appeals may easily produce negative reactions and the normative context should be thoroughly considered when using such appeals in future interventions.  (+info)

School and community influences on adolescent alcohol and drug use. (4/3537)

Social environment risk factors present in schools and communities have not been thoroughly investigated. This study cross-sectionally examined the social environments of schools and communities, and their influence on adolescent alcohol and drug use. Survey responses of eighth grade students (N = 2309), a random half of their parents (n = 943), community leaders (n = 118), school principals (n = 30), school counselors (n = 30) and chemical health providers (n = 14) were pooled to create indices of social environmental norms, role models, social support and opportunities for non-use of alcohol. Each index was examined for its association with prevalences from 30 schools of alcohol use onset, last-month alcohol use, heavy alcohol use and last-year marijuana use in univariate and stepwise regression analyses. Increases in the levels of norms, role models and opportunities for non-use predicted decreases in alcohol use prevalences. The explanatory power of the examined constructs in multivariate analyses was acceptably high (R2: 38-53%). These findings further support the notion that community-wide efforts need to be launched to affect changes in the normative, role model and opportunity structures of adolescents' social environments in order to curb adolescent alcohol and drug use.  (+info)

Psychosocial correlates of health compromising behaviors among adolescents. (5/3537)

The objective of the present study was to examine psychosocial correlates of diverse health-compromising behaviors among adolescents of different ages. The study population included 123,132 adolescents in sixth, ninth and 12th grades. Psychosocial correlates of substance abuse, delinquency, suicide risk, sexual activity and unhealthy weight loss behaviors were examined. Risk-taking disposition was significantly associated with nearly every behavior across age and gender groups. Other consistent correlates included sexual abuse and family connectedness. Correlates of health-compromising behaviors tended to be consistent across age groups. However, stronger associations were noted between sexual abuse and substance use for younger adolescents, and risk-taking disposition and school achievement were stronger correlates for older youth. The results suggest the presence of both common and unique etiological factors for different health-compromising behaviors among youth. The results emphasize the importance of focusing on positive 'risk-taking' experiences for youth in prevention programs; being sensitive to possible sexual abuse experiences among both female and male adolescents in health-care consultations; integrating strategies for improved family connectedness into health promotion efforts; and making school relevant for all adolescents.  (+info)

Underage drivers are separating drinking from driving. (6/3537)

OBJECTIVES: From 1985 to 1995, drivers younger than 21 years experienced a 50% drop in fatal crashes involving alcohol. This study addresses whether the decrease is explained by young drivers' drinking less or by their separating drinking from driving. METHODS: Nighttime roadside surveys were conducted in 3 communities to test drivers' breath and administer questionnaires on drinking practices. From 1992 to 1996, 34,898 drivers (21% of whom were younger than 21 years) were interviewed. RESULTS: Although drivers younger than 21 years were more likely to have consumed 6 or more drinks on at least 1 occasion during the previous month, a smaller percentage of younger drivers than of older drivers had blood alcohol concentrations of 0.01 or higher. CONCLUSIONS: Younger drivers are more likely than drivers older than 21 years to separate drinking from driving.  (+info)

Estimating adolescent cigarette consumption in Japan. (7/3537)

We estimated the cigarette consumption among Japanese adolescents based on the data which was obtained from a 1990 nationwide school-based questionnaire survey of smoking prevalence among high school students. Cigarette consumption for adolescents was estimated using the data on current smokers' rate and cigarette consumption per day. Participants were 57,189 high school students (aged 13-18 years) including 4666 current smokers. The estimated adolescents' consumption was calculated at 3.5 to 4.3 billion units in 1990. The proportion of adolescents' consumption to the total sales was 1.1% to 1.3%. The corresponding tax amounted to between 21 and 25 billion yen in 1990. The difference between the total sales and the crude cigarette consumption for adults has increased gradually over 20 years. Logically, some part of this increase should be attributed to cigarettes consumed by adolescents. The increase in this difference seemed to keep pace with the increasing number of cigarette vending machines. These results indicate that a considerable amount of cigarettes were consumed by adolescents in 1990.  (+info)

The impact of after-school peer contact on early adolescent externalizing problems is moderated by parental monitoring, perceived neighborhood safety, and prior adjustment. (8/3537)

Unsupervised peer contact in the after-school hours was examined as a risk factor in the development of externalizing problems in a longitudinal sample of early adolescents. Parental monitoring, neighborhood safety, and adolescents' preexisting behavioral problems were considered as possible moderators of the risk relation. Interviews with mothers provided information on monitoring, neighborhood safety, and demographics. Early adolescent (ages 12-13 years) after-school time use was assessed via a telephone interview in grade 6 (N = 438); amount of time spent with peers when no adult was present was tabulated. Teacher ratings of externalizing behavior problems were collected in grades 6 and 7. Unsupervised peer contact, lack of neighborhood safety, and low monitoring incrementally predicted grade 7 externalizing problems, after controlling for family background factors and grade 6 problems. The greatest risk was for those unsupervised adolescents living in low-monitoring homes and comparatively unsafe neighborhoods. The significant relation between unsupervised peer contact and problem behavior in grade 7 held only for those adolescents who already were high in problem behavior in grade 6. These findings point to the need to consider individual, family, and neighborhood factors in evaluating risks associated with young adolescents' after-school care experiences.  (+info)

Our primary objective was to assess the specific impact of paternal parenting processes on adolescent sexual behavior. Overall, we found a lack of research on the influence of fathers despite the well-documented importance of familial variables in shaping adolescent behavior.4,6 Critical paternal process variables apparent in the literature include paternal attitudes toward adolescent sexual activity, monitoring and discipline, paternal involvement in the life of their adolescent child, emotional qualities of the father-adolescent relationship, and father-adolescent communication about sex.. Our review suggests several plausible paternal mechanisms of import to adolescent sexual behavior and outcomes. The most consistent finding across reviewed studies, including those using both cross-sectional and intervention design, was the significant association between father-adolescent communication and adolescent sexual behaviors such as increased condom use and abstinence from sex.32,35 In general, ...
The objective of this study was to determine the factors that increase the risk of HIV infection in rural school-going adolescents and young adults. This was a cross-sectional study of 430 secondary school students (47.4% boys and 52.6% girls) from two rural schools in South Africa. Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire on demographic information, sources of HIV/AIDS information, HIV knowledge, sexual behaviors, communication and negotiation skills, self-efficacy to refuse sex, peer influence and time perspective. Out of 113 (27.2%) participants who reported being sexually active, about 48% reported having had sex before the age of 15 and 42.2% reported penetrative sex with more than one partner in their lifetime. Only 44.8% of them reported consistent and regular use of condoms for every sexual encounter. Peer influence (OR = 3.01 (95% CI = 1.97-4.60)), gender difference (OR = 6.60 (95% CI = 1.62-26.84)) and lack of HIV information (OR = 1.22 (95% CI = 1.03-1.44)) ...
Are you interested in conducting academic research on adolescents sexuality? If so, youll need to consider the unique challenges for researchers of this field. Academic research on this subject is controversial and challenging due to disagreements about a standard definition of sex, ethical and methodological considerations of studying minors, and the inherent sensitivity of the subject matter. Among the most salient challenges is the inconsistent definition of sex used across research studies. More rigid definitions define sex as when a penis penetrates the vagina. Some researchers have a more lenient definition, and include anything from kissing to penetrative sex. However, even more lenient definitions that ultimately dichotomize sex are limiting from a statistical standpoint, as it is generally preferred to have behaviors on a spectrum rather than a dyadic yes/no. This is because a continuous variable allows for greater variability in analyses. A continuous alternative to asking about ...
Data from the MYRBS provide accurate estimates of the prevalence of risk behaviors among public high school students in the Commonwealth, and are used to determine statewide changes in the prevalence of these behaviors over time. The data are important for planning health education and risk prevention programs. Additionally, the results of the MYRBS contribute to a national database of adolescent risk behaviors. Through careful examination of the MYRBS results, state and local agencies can use the data to set priorities for improving the health of students across the Commonwealth.. Results for individual schools, districts, towns, or regions are not possible from the statewide MYRBS, as survey methodology is designed to give state level estimates only. However, many schools and districts choose to conduct or participate in local surveys to gather data about the risk behaviors of their own students. While often confused with the MYRBS; these surveys are not administered, monitored or tracked by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Influences on adolescents decision to postpone onset of sexual intercourse. T2 - A survival analysis of virginity among youths aged 13 to 18 years. AU - Lammers, Cristina. AU - Ireland, Marjorie. AU - Resnick, Michael. AU - Blum, Robert. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - Background: Previous research has focused on risk factors associated with early onset of sexual intercourse among adolescents. This study hypothesizes that protective factors identified for other health compromising behaviors are also protective against early onset of sexual intercourse. The study sample included 26,023 students in grades 7-12 (87.5% white, 52.5% male) who did not report a history of sexual abuse in a statewide survey of adolescent health in 1988.Methods: Bivariate analyses were stratified into early (13-14 years), middle (15-16 years) and late (17-18 years) adolescence and by gender. Cox proportional hazards survival analysis, stratified by gender, was used to determine risk and protective ...
A study in the January issue of the Journal of School Health presents data from the 1997 Youth Risk Behavior Survey -- Middle School (YRBS-M). The YRBS-M ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Interactive effects within the prototype willingness model. T2 - Predicting the drinking behavior of indigenous early adolescents. AU - Armenta, Brian E.. AU - Whitbeck, Les B.. AU - Gentzler, Kari C.. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Drawing on the Prototype/Willingness Model of Adolescent Risk Behavior, we used longitudinal data collected from North American Indigenous early adolescents (ages 10-12 years) to examine the interactive effects of favorable drinker prototypes, perceived drinking norms, and past-year drinking behavior on subsequent drinking behavior (i.e., drinking behavior 1 year later and growth in drinking behavior from 1-5 years later). We found that the positive association between favorable drinker prototypes and drinking 1 year later was strongest for adolescents who were high in past-year drinking and perceived low drinking norms. The interaction pattern for growth in drinking was more complex and suggested an important pattern; specifically, favorable drinker ...
Any doubt as to whether great and concerted effort is needed to deal with this pressing issue was emphasized within a few days after our meeting. Called to my attention was a most disturbing event which was to take place also in Austin. South By Southwest (SXSW), a major annual event featuring music, technology, and a whole range of activities for young folks, was scheduled to begin in just a few weeks. However, this year, a new service was being added. Bang With SXSW, a spin off of something called Bang With Friends. As described in an ABC News article, Started by three young twenty-somethings, Bang with Friends allows you to sign into the service via Facebook and then select the friends of the opposite sex youd like to, well, bang. If that friend also selects you, you will both receive a notification that the other is down to bang. Forget match-making, this is Internet sex-making ...
What does it mean to set limits with your teenager?. To begin with, setting limits means having what we call House Rules. These are agreed upon (and sometimes written) rules regarding issues such as hours, use of the car, alcohol and drugs, studying and grades. Parents can also have an understanding with their teens regarding work, money management, family outings, and even dating and friends. Setting limits can also include agreements about how to handle violations of the contracts that have been made.. Why is setting limits with your teenager such a crucial thing for parents to do? Why is setting limits such an important concept these days? What happens to teenagers who dont respect limits? What are they like as adults?. Limits are important for two reasons. First, limits and rules are a part of life. In a sense, they are also a prescription for how to live a good life. Being able to put up with reasonable restrictions and guidelines is part of what is known as high frustration tolerance ...
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adolescent definition: The definition of adolescent is immature or like a teenager. (adjective) Going out and drinking alcohol every night is an example of adolescent behavior....
This list, prepared by the College Resource Center Librarians from other sources, is provided for information only. Referral to these sites does not imply endorsement of The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of either the organization or their contents, expressed views, programs, or political activities. Further, the College does not endorse any commercial products that may be advertised or available from these organizations or on these websites. This list is not meant to be comprehensive; the exclusion of a site does not reflect the quality of that site. Please note that sites and URLs are subject to change without warning ...
It can be hard for ANY parent to teach something that wasnt taught to them when growing up. You have few models of how its done AND if you add your own negative experiences around the topic, it can make it FEEL that much harder. This is why Im so grateful for experts who can guide us, and show us how much easier it actually IS!. ...
silencieux à vie chez les patients VIH. Il existe peu dinformations sur la prévalence du CMV chez les enfants et les adolescents infectés par le VIH dans notre environnement. Nous avons donc mené cette étude pour déterminer sa séroprévalence et les facteurs de risque de co-infection chez les enfants et les adolescents infectés par le VIH sous traitement antirétroviral hautement actif (HAART) dans notre centre. Méthode: Une étude transversale descriptive des enfants et adolescents infectés par le VIH et âgés de 2 mois à 18 ans sous multithérapie a été menée sur une période de 6 mois entre octobre 2017 et mars 2018 dans notre établissement de santé. Des échantillons de sang de sujets ont été testés pour lIgM de CMV en utilisant des kits de test commerciaux. Les données biologiques des sujets, le nombre de cellules CD4 et la charge virale ont été recueillis dans un formulaire conçu à cet effet et une analyse statistique a été réalisée avec SPSS version 22.0. ...
The number of Latino adolescents who report depressive symptoms has risen, according to the most recent data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). In 2019, 40 percent of Hispanic high schoolers reported feeling sad or hopeless almost every day for two or more weeks in a row so that they stopped doing some usual activities. This was a significant increase from the 34 percent who reported feeling sad or hopeless in 2017 and represents the groups highest level recorded by the YRBS within the last 20 years. Hispanic adolescent females were especially likely to report feeling this way, with 50 percent reporting these symptoms compared to 29 percent of Hispanic adolescent males. Symptoms of depression are linked to poor academic and social outcomes and can increase the risk of suicide. In 2019, 17 percent of Hispanic adolescents reported having considered attempting suicide, with females likelier than males (23% and 11%, respectively). ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adolescents living with HIV are at higher risk of death and loss to follow up from care. T2 - Analysis of cohort data from eight health facilities in Ethiopia. AU - Jerene, Degu. AU - Abebe, Workeabeba. AU - Taye, Kefyalew. AU - Ruff, Andrea. AU - Hallstrom, Inger. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - Background There are limited data on the treatment outcomes of adolescents living with HIV. Our objective was to compare mortality and loss to follow up (LTFU) rates between adolescent and younger age groups at enrollment in care. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study carried out in eight health facilities in two regions of Ethiopia. Adolescents (age 10-14 and 15-19 year) and children (age 0-9 year) enrolled in chronic HIV care between 2005 and 2013 constituted the study population. We reviewed the individual patient charts between March and June 2014 and updated the data on the status of each patient through December 2015. We used death and loss-to-follow up as primary endpoints and ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goals of this project are to develop, evaluate, and disseminate an interactive, Internet-based program that provides a brief motivational intervention for adolescent smokers, the Adolescent Smokers Check-up (AS ...
BACKGROUND Adolescence is the important period in human life. It is an essential prerequisite for playing social roles. OBJECTIVE The current study conducted a review on the concept, dimensions, and influential factors on health and risk taking, instruments and measurements of high-risk behaviors, risk factors, and high-risk behavior protective factors through adolescent perspectives. METHODS This literature review was conducted by electronic searching and library study on health and adolescents using Wiley Interscience, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and Springer (1990-2012). The keywords for searching data collection sources included health, youth, young, adolescents, risk behaviors, risk taking, related factors, protective factors, risk factors, adolescent perspectives, quantitative study, qualitative study, measurement, and instrument. RESULTS This literature review led to the arrangement of subjects in nine general categories titled definition of health concept and its dimensions, adolescents and
This study aims to examine the relationship between mood and brain activity in adolescent girls in order to better understand the genetic and neural predictors of adolescent depression. The participants in this study will be healthy female adolescents aged 12-14 and their mothers. They will participate for a total of six months. Adolescent participants will have three study sessions at McLean Hospital, and during two of them, their mothers will also have assessments. Adolescent assessments will include interviews, questionnaires, computer tasks, and collection of a saliva sample for genetic analyses. Their second study visit will include an fMRI scan. Parent assessments will include an interview, questionnaires, and a computer task ...
More than 30,000 adolescents in the United States die annually from the effects of chronic illnesses. The anxiety from facing a terminal illness often hinders adolescents in making decisions about their own end-of-life (EOL) care. Although minors preferences are not legally binding, legislature, research, and professional guidelines all recommend that adolescent patients become involved in EOL decisions as part of routine intervention while they are stable. Family Centered Advance Care Planning (FCACP) is an intervention that facilitates EOL discussion among adolescents, their families, and their care providers. This pilot study will examine FCACPs effects on adaptive coping, psychological adjustment, quality of life, and plans and actions in HIV infected adolescents. The study will also provide feedback used for improving the FCACP Web site.. This study will include HIV or AIDS infected adolescents ranging in age from 14 to 21 who will jointly enroll with a selected surrogate older than 21. ...
Join Educational Psychologist Juliet Starbuck for a look at the teenage brain in the classroom. What is the impact of changes in the brain on adolescent behaviour and thinking?
Eventbrite - Sepo Achampong presents Black Owned Business Focus Group for youth ages 18 to 29 - Wednesday, 19 July 2017 at A Different Booklist, Toronto, ON. Find event and ticket information.
Adolescent test or procedure preparation - MedHelps Adolescent test or procedure preparation Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Adolescent test or procedure preparation. Find Adolescent test or procedure preparation information, treatments for Adolescent test or procedure preparation and Adolescent test or procedure preparation symptoms.
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Sexual behavior among adolescents with HIV-positive mothers was less prevalent than among other adolescents, but was more likely to occur with adolescent alcohol use, lack of parental monitoring, and poorer physical functioning of HIV-positive mothers.
This book was carried out with the intention of showing the peculiarities of the scientific paradigm of Embodied Cognition (EC) (Gallese, 2005), by highlighting its application in practice (Sousa, 2010), especially in the world of education. The new perspective proves to be significant, mainly due to the importance of learning about brain development in the Evolutionary Age, understanding children and adolescents behaviors and preventing possible problems at an early age. Moreover, it proves to be significant for highlighting the particular impact that social environment and cultural climate have on learning, as well as on the brains ability to generate new neurons into older age, along with its changeability (concept of plasticity understood as modeling of the morphology and the function of neural networks mainly induced by experience). These key aspects have led to a multi-perspective view of the human minds functioning. (Imprint: Nova ...
Children become not something precious to be protected but the inmates, themselves, whose adolescent behaviors become the excuse for treating them like suspects and criminals.
This 537 word essay is about Adolescence, Stress, Tensors, Adolescent sexuality, The Teenage Brain and Risk Taking, Stress management. Read the full essay now!
Find Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) Therapists, Psychologists and Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) Counseling in 02465, get help for Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) in 02465
Find Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) Therapists, Psychologists and Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) Counseling in 83702, get help for Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) in 83702.
This wide-ranging volume presents an in-depth picture of adolescent sexuality and behaviour. As perhaps the most vital period in human development, adolescence is a time of complex, often difficult interactions between diverse influences. Here, nineteen scientists representing ten disciplines explore the biological, psychological, and cultural factors involved in the onset of puberty and its associated emotional changes.
This wide-ranging volume presents an in-depth picture of adolescent sexuality and behavior. As perhaps the most vital period in human development, adolescence is a time of complex, often difficult interactions between diverse influences. Here, nineteen scientists representing ten disciplines explore the biological, psychological, and cultural factors involved in the onset of puberty and its associated emotional changes.
Physician reviewed Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent patient information - includes Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent description, dosage and directions.
Adolescents need a lot of calories to support the rapid growth that occurs during this time and to fuel their busy lives. The amount of calories that your teen needs varies depending on age, sex, and activity level. Most adolescent girls need somewhere around 2,200 calories per day, while most adolescent boys need 2,500-3,000 calories per day.. In between school work, sports, and other activities, teens are often so busy they dont have time to eat balanced meals that provide the calories and nutrients they need. Still, its also easy to eat too many calories, especially when poor food choices are made. Over time, this can lead to being overweight and ...
It can only differ visual articles, sharing Books to find, losses to find more constant, or borders mobility and technologies of to share. Over the Main two jobs, there is integrated thinking Translation about the experiences of invalid consent causes and online entire adolescents on Earths request. These quizzes Are found by degree systems, which say badly been to provide journals into the happy images.
Silapo is a medicine that stimulates the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells.Silapo is usedin adults, children and adolescents on haemodialysis to t
Athletes who are still 18 through the final day of the USATF National Junior Olympic Track & Field Championships are eligible to compete in the 17-18 age division through that meet. This extended eligibility does not apply to cross country events. See other competition years:. ...
A Your question is difficult to answer. It goes far beyond usual office pediatrics and addresses the fabric of our family life and society. I will answer your query as well as I can perhaps some readers would like to send in their own reply. I commend you for attracting adolescents to your practice and for seeing them in private. That they are willing to tell you about some of their behaviors says a good deal about the trust they have developed in you. You are right to be concerned about their well-being and their future. As physicians for children and adolescents, it is our responsibility to prepare our young people as best we can for good physical and emotional health in adulthood. One thought that I have kept in mind in my years in practice with adolescents (and as a parent of adolescents) is that one needs to call things the way one sees them, nonjudgmentally and without accusations. This means that you should let your adolescent patients know your concerns about their lack of success in ...
Until peer approval of smoking and sharing cigarettes and adult facilitation of adolescent smoking is reduced, it will be difficult to significantly reduce adolescents access to cigarettes.
Uppermost in the concerns of the French authorities is the spread of binge drinking among the younger generation. As more and more of its adolescents report getting drunk regularly, the nation that used to pride itself on its leisurely consumption has been forced to admit it too has a problem ...
The New Leaders Academy, a one-year professional leadership and management-training program sponsored by the National Youth Employment Coalition, seeks applicants for its class of 2003. Candidates should be youth-employment or youth-development professionals who have demonstrated a commitment to young people, have at least five years of experience working with youths ages 14 to 25, and be expected to advance in their organization. Applicants go through a competitive process for admission to a class of up to 30 individuals. Participants complete two weeklong training sessions, as well as group projects and individual work throughout the year. For more information, contact: Mindy Larson, Program Associate, NYEC, New Leaders Academy, 1836 Jefferson Pl. N.W., Washington, DC 20036; (202) 659-1064; e-mail [email protected]; -Leah Kerkman Web Only. ...
The dose for the first group of children and adolescents enrolled on the study will be based on the side effects seen in adults. Between 2 and 6 children and adolescents will receive LY3023414 at this dose. If the side effects are not too severe, the next group of children and adolescents will receive a higher dose. If there are too many side effects, the next group of children and adolescents will receive a lower dose. Dosing is done this way because we do not yet know the best dose to use in children and adolescents. Enrollment early in this study patients may receive a lower or higher dose than those who are enrolled later. A higher dose may be more likely to cause side effects. A lower dose may be less likely to have any effect on tumors. ...
Adolescents are increasingly diverse and reflect the changing racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and geographic structure of the U.S. population.
Some questions in the Youth Risk Survey are converted to calculated variables designed to summarize or condense responses to one or more questions. Data in some tables are based on these calculated variables ...
Imaging decision about whether to benefit self by harming others: Adolescents with conduct and substance problems, with or without callous-unemotionality, or developing typically Journal Article ...
Young people are naturally curious, its important to keep communication open with your child because adolescent addiction has turned into an epidemic.
Adolescent Addiction is a sad but all to common problem, this page outlines what to look for to detect the start of drug abuse in teens.
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease, including HIV infection; alcohol and other drug use; tobacco; unhealthy dietary behaviors; inadequate physical activity. YRBSS also measures the prevalence of obesity and asthma among youth and young adults.
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System is the largest U.S. public health surveillance system and collects data on health behaviors among high school students in grades 9-12.
Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders book. Happy reading Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: A Parents Guide to the Cognitive, Social, Physical, and Transition Needs ofTeenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorders at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and ...
The New Jersey Department of Education has conducted the Youth Risk Behavior Survey every other year since 1993 with funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health. The study provides the self-reported behaviors of New Jersey public high school students in the six areas most highly related to preventable illness and premature death among adolescents and young adults.. Shown below are links to two brochures that summarize findings of the 1999 New Jersey Youth Risk Behavior Survey among high school students in the states 30 Abbott Districts and among the remaining public high schools across the state respectively. These summaries may be downloaded and reproduced.. ...
NOTE: Public high school graduates are defined as students who graduated from a public high school with an honors or standard diploma by August 31 of their scheduled graduation year (2013). The table includes the 82.5 percent of public high school graduates who had a complete grade 9-12 transcript, defined as one that recorded at least 16 Carnegie units (a Carnegie unit is a credit hour, i.e., the equivalent of a course taken every school day, one period per day, for a full school year), with a positive, nonzero number of units completed in English. See for the taxonomy used to define subject areas ...
Goals This research examines whether kid maltreatment knowledge predicts adolescent cigarette and alcohol use. to 2.88) were associated with smoking after full adjustment including for coexisting smoking. After full adjustment including coexisting smoking only child neglect/emotional abuse predicted early adolescent alcohol use (OR 1.78 95 CI 1.06 to 2.97) but not the other types of maltreatment. Apixaban Conclusions Reported child maltreatment Apixaban predicts early adolescent smoking after adjusting for alcohol use but does not predict alcohol use after adjustment for smoking. Both Apixaban smoking and alcohol use are predicted Apixaban by reported child neglect. Early adolescent smoking is also predicted by multi-type maltreatment that includes physical abuse. Introduction The maltreatment of kids including physical mistreatment sexual mistreatment emotional mistreatment and neglect is Apixaban certainly a major world-wide public medical condition associated with undesirable outcomes that ...
Drug and Alcohol Findings Effectiveness Bank analysis titled: Individual and contextual effects of school adjustment on adolescent alcohol use
Our study aims to follow this effort and to explore the association between health, socioeconomic background, school-related factors, social support and adolescents sense of coherence and educational aspirations among adolescents from different educational tracks and to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on the role of educational aspirations in the social reproduction of health inequalities. We expect that socioeconomic background will contribute to the development of educational aspirations, but this association will be modified by available social and individual resources, which may be particularly favourable for the group of adolescents who are on lower educational tracks, since for them such resources may lead to gaining a higher educational level. We collected data on the socioeconomic background (mothers and fathers education and employment status, doubts about affordability of future study), school-related factors (school atmosphere, school conditions, attitudes towards school),
Little is known concerning obesity patterns of ethnic subpopulations in the U.S. and the effects of acculturation on these patterns. Adolescent obesity, a major public health problem, has important health, social and economic consequences for the adolescent. The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health survey is unique in the size of the adolescent sample and in its ability to provide large representative samples of Anglo, African-American, Hispanic and Asian-American adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 13,783 adolescents was studied. Measurements of weight and height collected in the second wave of the survey were used to study adolescent obesity. Multivariate logit techniques were used to provide an understanding of the ethnic, age, gender and intergenerational patterns of adolescent obesity. Comparisons are presented between the NHANES III results and those from the Adolescent Health Survey. The smoothed version of the NHANES I 85th percentile cut-off was used for the ...
Although some adults may want this to be the standard, it is far from accurate in describing the world of todays teenagers. The reality is that sexual behavior is almost universal among American adolescents. Eighty-five percent of young adults ages 18 to 24 and 56 percent of adolescents ages 15 to 17 report having been with someone in an intimate or sexual way (including but not limited to intercourse).1 In addition, 66 percent of adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 24 report having engaged in oral sex.2. According to data from the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 48 percent of all high school students and 65 percent of high school seniors report having engaged in sexual intercourse.3 A similar survey of college students found that 80 percent of students 18 to 24 years of age had engaged in sexual intercourse.4 In addition, studies have found that even those young people who remain virgins during their teen years ...
Although there have been a wide range of epidemiological studies examining the impact of patterns of alcohol consumption among adolescents, there remains considerable variability in both defining these patterns and the ability to comprehensively evaluate their relationship to behavioural patterns. This study explores a new procedure for defining and evaluating drinking patterns and integrating well-established indicators. The composite measure is then used to estimate the impact of these patterns on alcohol-related aggressive behaviour among Italian adolescents. Data were collected as part of the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). A national sample of 14,199 students aged 15-19 years was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire completed in a classroom setting. Drinking patterns were established using principal component analysis. Alcohol-related aggression was analysed as to its relationship to patterns of drinking, behaviour of friends towards
REFERENCES. 1. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Silva GA, Menezes AM,Monteiro CA, Barreto SM, et al. Chronic noncommunicable diseases in Brazil: Burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011; 377(9781):1949-61. 135-9. [ Links ] 2. MacArthur GJ, Smith MC, Melotti R, Heron J,Macleod J, Hickman M, et al. Patterns of alcohol use and multiple risk behaviour by gender during early and late adolescence: The ALSPAC cohort. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i20-30. http://dx. [ Links ] 3. Hurrelmann K, Richter M. Risk behaviour inadolescence: The relationship between developmental and health problems. J Public Health. 2006; 14(1):20-8. 005-5. [ Links ] 4. Spring B, Moller AC, Coons MJ. Multiple healthbehaviours: Overview and implications. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i3-10. 10.1093/pubmed/fdr111. [ Links ] 5. Guedes DP, Guedes JE, Barbosa DS, Oliveira JA,Stanganelli LCR. ...
While all-girl public high schools are not prevalent, their advantages are significant. Learn about the academic and social benefits of an all-girls education.
Ah, teenagers. Theyre a sphere of hell for parents all their own. The answer any parent seeking an explanation encounters when questioning a teen, dunno, seemed like a good idea at the time, is not a satisfactory one. Fortunately for us, science is making strides in understanding the teenage brain, and recent research may have the answer we have been asking ourselves since our babies first entered that awkward and ever so turbulent stage in the human journey. ...more ...
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
This dataset includes data on adolescents diet, physical activity, and weight status from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). This data is used for DNPAOs Data, Trends, and Maps database, which provides national and state specific data on obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding. For more information about YRBSS visit ...
This dataset includes data on adolescents diet, physical activity, and weight status from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). This data is used for DNPAOs Data, Trends, and Maps database, which provides national and state specific data on obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding. For more information about YRBSS visit ...
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including-. 2015 US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
Behavioural and developmental factors mean that adolescents who initiate sexual intercourse early may be at an increased risk of adverse sexual health outcomes at the time of first sex and later in life. In an Irish context, there is insufficient knowledge about the specific correlates of early sexual initiation. This research explores relationships between contextual socio-demographic, health and lifestyle factors and the timing of first sexual intercourse among 15-17-year-olds in Ireland. Multiple regression analysis was carried out in conjunction with Multiple Imputation using data collected through the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Ireland study on a sample of 879 sexually active adolescents. The socio-demographic and lifestyle factors measured were a stronger predictor of age of sexual initiation among girls than boys. Risk behaviour initiation was significantly related to age of sexual initiation for adolescents, while alcohol use/drunkenness and unhealthy food consumption ...
Background: Adolescence is a period of vulnerability with the onset of multiple risky behaviour which exposes them to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and as such, the timely introduction and uptake of strategies like HIV Counselling and Testing will reduce transmission and provide access to preventive services. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and prevalence of HIV Counselling and Testing among secondary in-school adolescents in Orlu Local Government Area, Imo State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional analytical study design was used that selected students aged 13 - 19 years in senior classes SS1 to SS3 attending secondary schools. Data was collected using a pretested, semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics. Chi square statistic was computed and p value was set at 0.05 significant level. Results: Though most of the respondents were aware of HIV/AIDS (99%) and HIV Counselling and Testing (92%), the majority of the
What are some good examples of negative peer pressure - Can peer pressure ever be good for my child? Depends on type. Certainly peer pressure to drink alcohol, do drugs, have sex, etc. Has very negative implications for the one being pressured or bullied. However, in other environments peer pressure can help kids stay away from these things and do better in school.
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New findings show that marijuana use disorders are on the decline among U.S. adolescents, according to Richard A. Grucza, Ph.D., and his associates.
Background: In 2012, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents were living with HIV. Though there are effective interventions to prevent and treat HIV infection, adolescents face specific barriers in accessing them. As a result, new infections and poor outcomes among HIV-infected adolescents are common. HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of systematic reviews to summarize the global data on effectiveness of 20 intervention types, to identify characteristics of effective interventions, and to explore evidence of how adolescents can access interventions with proven effectiveness. Interventions were in 2 broad categories: those designed primarily for adults and those designed specifically for adolescents. Where available, we evaluated the evidence of impact on the key outcomes: HIV risk, HIV transmission, and HIV
Description: This OTAs report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas. In addition, OTA was asked to: 1 ) identify risk and protective factors for adolescent health problems and integrate national data in order to understand the clustering of specific adolescent problems, 2) evaluate options in the organization of health services and technologies available to adolescents (including accessibility and financing), 3) assess options in the conduct of national health surveys to improve collection of adolescent health statistics, and 4) identify gaps in research on the health and behavior of adolescents. ...
Parents seeking to better understand adolescent behavior and develop age appropriate parenting strategies also need to consider the physical limitations of the adolescent brain that tend to translate into cognitive and emotional limitations reflected in the behavior of our children. The adolescent brain has reached a state of growth that makes it abound in neural connections. Of these, many nerve fibers continue to grow and to be further covered with myelin (a fatty substance that speeds up neural responsiveness) according to the frequency of their activity, while others are pruned out and eliminated for lack of use. Research shows that this brain growth spurt is not uniform, with the frontal lobe (the part of the brain responsible for judgment, planning and decision-making) developing at a slower rate than the amygdala, a limbic system structure responsible for more primitive and impulsive emotional responses. Knowing this parents may learn to be more forgiving of the stormy daughter that ...
Research the range of contemporary issues teenagers face today. In a 500-750-word paper, choose one issue (besides teen pregnancy) and discuss its effect on adolescent behavior and overall well-being. Include the following in your submission:. Describe the contemporary issue and explain what external stressors are associated with this issue ...
This cohort study examines change in adolescents use of e-cigarettes, cannabis, and alcohol and in physical activity behaviors following the stay-at-home COVID-19 order in California.
In order to determine whether adolescent females with abnormal eating attitudes display lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of anxiety than their peers, and whether these adolescents participate in health-risk behaviors to a greater or lesser degree than their peers, we administered a seri …
Eddie Young Peer Pressure Peer Pressure can disturb a persons choices heavily. Peer pressure drives people to make an immediate decision giving it little to...
I read your blog regularly and sometimes post. I was very much taken with your post n Transgenderism today. Rod, it is almost ubiquitous throughout high schools today. It is a thing. I know this through personal experience.. About 5 years ago my oldest daughter started school at a rather large public high school in a very conservative school district in [very red state]. She had previously spent her elementary years at a small Catholic School in the same county. The student population grades preK - 8th was about 325 kids. In 2011 she started at the public high school in the Fall. My wife and I had absolutely no clue what was coming at us.. The school year started off as any regular year would, orientation, supply buying, etc. It was not as if my daughter did not know other kids in the school; she did. She had friends from the neighborhood who had spent their lives in public school and many of the kids from her Catholic school had gone to the same school as well. Anyway, as the semester wore on, ...
PERTH AMBOY, NJ -- The Fanwood-Scotch Plains YMCA swim team made a strong showing at the 2018 YMCA Bronze Championship Meet held on February 10-11 at the Raritan Bay YMCA in Perth Amboy, with the FSPY Girls taking First Place Overall at the meet.. The two-day event was open to swimmers with qualifying Bronze times from 16 Ys across Northern New Jersey. Over 50 FSPY swimmers, aged .... ...
You searched for: Publisher United States. Office on Smoking and Health Remove constraint Publisher: United States. Office on Smoking and Health Subject Tobacco Use Disorder Remove constraint Subject: Tobacco Use Disorder Subject Adolescent Remove constraint Subject: Adolescent ...
Our analyses attempted to replicate previous reports suggesting an exposure-dependent relationship between marijuana use and multimodal measures of brain morphology. The analyses we performed duplicated those previously used (Gilman et al., 2014) with several important differences. Our study included more subjects in adult and adolescent samples, and compared extreme groups of non-marijuana users to daily users. Most importantly, the groups were closely matched on an alcohol problem measure (AUDIT) and were not different on many possible confounding variables (e.g., tobacco use, depression, impulsivity, age, and gender). In other words, the present analyses had greater power to detect group differences, while closely controlling for other effects. We found no evidence of differences in volumes of the accumbens, amygdala, hippocampus, or cerebellum between daily versus nonusers, in adults or adolescents. Moreover, effect size data (Tables 2, 3, Fig. 1) suggest that potential effects are modest ...
This study provides evidence regarding the relatedness of multi-informant agreement and perceived observability of internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. Based on 2 distinct but comparable samples of children/adolescents (Sample 1: 58.2% female and mean age of 12.51 years; Sample 2: 56.4% female and mean age of 12.35 years) and their mothers, cross-sectional as well as longitudinal analyses were conducted. Although often suggested in the literature, the results of the study do not indicate that-in general-internalizing behavior is less observable than externalizing behavior. Moreover, the results do not corroborate the suggestion that multi-informant agreement regarding internalizing behavior is lower than that of externalizing behavior. However, apart from the broad distinction of internalizing versus externalizing behavior, observability and multi-informant agreement are positively correlated with respect to reports on actual state (cross-sectional) as well as change (longitudinal) ...
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I never said government should get out of education. My view is that if people exercise their choice to put their children into private school then that is their business. I didnt do so with vouchers or tax credits and I dont think I would favor that system personally. I do think that public schools are going for a crap, but not because of teachers directly, but more because of the behavior of students and parents that condone or encourage a lack of discipline. I have first hand evidence of why my choice paid off in my children, and then my children and I got to make a direct comparison once they entered public high school. The public high school is a joke in comparison and the behavior of some of the students is appalling ...
It is well-known that social influences affect consumption decisions. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate the neural mechanisms associated with social influence with regard to a common consumer good: music. Our study population was adolescents, age 12-17. Music is a common purchase in this age group, and it is widely believed that adolescent behavior is influenced by perceptions of popularity in their reference group. Using 15-s clips of songs from, we obtained behavioral measures of preferences and neurobiological responses to the songs. The data were gathered with, and without, the overall popularity of the song revealed. Song popularity had a significant effect on the participants likability ratings of the songs. fMRI results showed a strong correlation between the participants rating and activity in the caudate nucleus, a region previously implicated in reward-driven actions. The tendency to change ones evaluation of a song was positively ...
However, if there is not a good balance of these three components the individual will act out irrationally and impulsively with the inability of knowing that what he, or she is doing is wrong and that is where crimes may be committed. With the Psychodynamic theory it is not true for all adolescents behaviors there may be adolescents out there that have the off balance necessary to support the Psychodynamic theory and then there are those adolescents all around the world that do not contain the off balance of the three components at the same age and life situations (, 2005).. With the Behavioral Theory psychologists whom specialize in Behavioral Therapy debate that an individuals mind set is learned throughout life situations and relationships with peers. Behavioral studies suggest that people acquire knowledge from watching how people at whom he, or she is interacting with behave in accordance to what he, or she is conducting his, or her-self. It has also been well-known in case studies that an ...
What do we think will happen when school discipline is raised to the level of law enforcement?. Very recently, I read a Star Ledger Guest Column by Rev. Charles Boyer from Woodbury and Rev. Timothy Adkins-Jones from Newark, discussing the disparities that exist between the ways children of color are dealt with as it relates to school discipline in comparison to white children. Their point was that adolescent behavior thats often handled with in-school detention often becomes criminalized behavior when it involves black and Hispanic students.. In their piece, the pastors provided a startling statistic that in New Jersey, a black child is 30 times more likely to be committed to a youth facility than a white child even though they commit offenses at roughly the same rate. The focus was on youth incarceration, mostly teens, but I wanted to pick up the threads a little earlier because I suspect that is where it starts. As for prejudice, Im not naïve and I know that in all people, no matter what ...
The purpose of this article is to examine the risk and protective factors for different types of violent behavior in a sample of high school age adolescents.
One of the difficulties of reading the early warning signs of schizophrenia is the easy confusion with some typical adolescent behavior. Schizophrenia can begin to affect an individual during the teen years, a time when many rapid physical, social, emotional, and behavioral changes normally occur. There is no easy method to tell the difference. Its a matter of degree.. If you have any concerns, the best course of action is to seek the advice of a trained mental health specialist. The following list of early warning signals of mental illness was developed by families affected by schizophrenia:. Most Common Signs. Social withdrawal, isolation, and [...]. ...
Health,The peer pressure that leads young people into bad habits like smoking...The study also found that teens whose parents strongly disapprov...The study in the September issue of Nicotine & Tobacco Research... Although many of these variables had been investigated as possi...Tucker and her colleagues were particularly interested in seeing if...,Peer,pressure,matters,in,young,adults,smoking,decisions,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim: Treatment and Prevention. 1 (4): 69-80. doi:10.1037/h0100457. Archived ... European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 27 (4): 527-544. doi:10.1007/s00787-018-1105-4. PMID 29380069.. ... The Behavior Analyst Today. 9 (1): 11-26. doi:10.1037/h0100643. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 November 2014.. ... "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry (Submitted manuscript). 44 (2): 231-9. doi:10.1016/j.jbtep.2012.11.001 ...
Compared to adolescents in developed countries, suicide attempt is more common among adolescents in developing countries where ... 2008). Suicide and suicide behavior. Epidemiologic Reviews, 30, 133-154. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxn002 ... and suicide attempts among adolescents in 59 low-income and middle-income countries: a population-based study". The Lancet ... some suicidology researchers regard many suicide attempts as parasuicide or self harm behavior, rather than "true" suicide ...
Glencoe, IL: Free Press James S. Coleman (1961). The Adolescent Society. Glencoe, IL: Free Press Herbert Gans (1962). The Urban ... Glencoe, IL: Free Press Erving Goffman (1963). Behavior in Public Places. Glencoe, IL: Free Press Stanley Lieberson (1963). ...
Toomey, Russell B.; Syvertsen, Amy K.; Shramko, Maura (11 September 2018). "Transgender Adolescent Suicide Behavior". ... and Suicidal Behavior Among Transgender Youth". Journal of Adolescent Health. 63 (4): 503-505. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.02 ... Sugano, Eiko; Nemoto, Tooru; Operario, Don (2006). "The Impact of Exposure to Transphobia on HIV Risk Behavior in a Sample of ... In 2009, researcher Rebecca L. Stotzer published an article in Aggression and Violent Behavior that compiled information from ...
"Puberty and Adolescent Sexuality". Hormones and Behavior. 64 (2): 280-287. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.03.007. ISSN 0018-506X. PMC ... Hormones and Behavior, 51(1), 1-2 Simerly, Richard B. (2002-03-27). "Wired for reproduction: organization and development of ... "Unusual sexual syndromes." Extraordinary Disorders of Human Behavior. Springer US, 1982. 121-154. Bala, Areeg; Nguyen, Hoang ... thus not encouraging any sort of sexual behavior for women. Residence in retirement homes has affects on residents' libidos. In ...
Toomey, Russell B.; Syvertsen, Amy K.; Shramko, Maura (11 September 2018). "Transgender Adolescent Suicide Behavior". ... Family behaviors can increase or decrease health risks of transgender youth. Behaviors such as physically or verbally abusing ... On the positive end, behaviors such as supporting the youth's gender identity by talking about it and working to support their ... Both of these numbers are higher than the 8.5% of high school population overall who had reported life-threatening behavior. In ...
Toomey, Russell B.; Syvertsen, Amy K.; Shramko, Maura (2018-10-01). "Transgender Adolescent Suicide Behavior". Pediatrics. 142 ... "The DSM Diagnostic Criteria for Gender Identity Disorder in Adolescents and Adults". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 39 (2): 499- ... Gender variance is defined in medical literature as "gender identity, expression, or behavior that falls outside of culturally ... Transition options for transgender adolescents and youth are significantly limited compared to those for transgender adults. ...
Hathaway, S. R., & Monachesi, E. D. (1963). Adolescent personality and behavior. Hathaway, S. R., & Monachesi, E. D. (1953). ... research began to be conducted on its use with adolescents, and in the mid-50s Hathaway and Monachesi, intending to expand use ... adolescent, or international and cross-cultural population. Although Hathaway was not the first psychologist to address the ... and treatment-related behaviors." With graduate student Paul Meehl, Hathaway developed three validity scales embedded within ...
Affiliation with friends who engage in risk behaviors has been shown to be a strong predictor of an adolescent's own behavior.[ ... Spear, Hila J.; Kulbok, Pamela A (2001). "Adolescent Health Behaviors and Related Factors: A Review". Public Health Nursing. 18 ... Maxwell, Kimberly A. (August 2002). "Friends: The Role of Peer Influence Across Adolescent Risk Behaviors". Journal of Youth ... B. B. Brown, "Adolescents' relationships with peers," In: R. M. Lerner & L. Steinburg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology ...
Adolescent Behavior Letter. 22 (7). ISSN 1058-1073. Stephen A. Kent (September 2003). "Scientology and the European Human ... Scientology has an internal justice system (the Ethics system) designed to deal with unethical or antisocial behavior. Ethics ... based on notions and behavior derived from different scientific realms. Scientology considers itself to be scientific in the ... of Scientology technology and deal with violations such as non-compliance with standard procedures or any other behavior ...
Feldmann J, Middleman AB (2002). "Adolescent sexuality and sexual behavior". Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 14 ( ... ISBN 978-0-7360-6850-5. Barrows EM (2011). Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and ... "A prospective study of intraindividual and peer influences on adolescents' heterosexual romantic and sexual behavior". Archives ... This behavior is characterized by a fixation on sexual intercourse and disinhibition. It was proposed that this 'addictive ...
Elster, Arthur B.; Elizabeth R. McAnarney; Michael E. Lamb (April 1983). "Parental Behavior of Adolescent Mothers". Pediatrics ... Adolescent mothers used almost no positive comments, but instead negative comments. This causes the adolescent mother to be ... Adolescent mothers who were not classified as autonomous were found to have anxiously attached infants. Furthermore, adolescent ... Negative-Intrusive Behavior: (e.g., mocks or teases infant) Withdrawing Behavior: (e.g., fails to initiate interaction, does ...
Feldmann, J.; Middleman, A. B. (2002). "Adolescent sexuality and sexual behavior". Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology ... Opposite these views, people also believe that oral sex "is one of the most intimate behaviors that a couple can engage in ... In modern Western culture, oral sex is widely practiced among adolescents and adults. People give various reasons for their ... including adolescents." Research also indicates that "males are more likely than females to have received oral sex, whereas ...
April 2007). "A randomized controlled trial of family therapy and cognitive behavior therapy guided self-care for adolescents ... 1983). "Parental influences on children's eating behavior and relative weight". Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 16 (4): ... Carlson, Neil (2013). "Ingestive Behavior". Physiology of Behavior. University of Massachusetts, Amherst: Pearson. pp. 428-432 ... extreme weight-loss behaviors, and binge eating in adolescent girls". Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 108 (2): 255-66. doi: ...
"Adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 47 (3-4): 372-94. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... He cited studies that showed that people were more likely to engage in dangerous deviant behavior, such as drug taking, if ... Most importantly, the show led adolescents to show more empathy for their peers. The study also reported that parents and ... In 2018, Northwestern University interviewed 5,000 adolescents and parents in the US, UK, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand to ...
"Signs of genital trauma in adolescent rape victims examined acutely". Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 13 (2): ... The hymen can stretch or tear as a result of various behaviors, by the use of tampons or menstrual cups, pelvic examinations ... In adolescents, the hymenal opening can naturally extend and variation in shape and appearance increases. Variations of the ... Trauma to the hymen is hypothesized to occur as a result of various other behaviors, such as tampon or menstrual cup use, ...
Journal of Adolescent Health. 12 (7): 576-579. doi:10.1016/0197-0070(91)90091-y. PMID 1772899. Stallknecht, K (2007-08-03). " ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 45 (7): 1665-1678. doi:10.1007/s10508-016-0730-6. ISSN 0004-0002. PMID 27091188. S2CID 26365231. ... "Perceived Risk and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 36 (3 ...
de Weerth, C; Buitelaar, JK (2007). "Childbirth complications affect young infants' behavior". European Child & Adolescent ... and overall problem behavior at the age of 5-6, as well as a higher risk for decreased pro-social behavior as reported by the ... Excessive infant crying has been associated with a twofold increased risk of the overall problem behavior, conduct problems, ... de Weerth, C. & Buitelaar, J.K. (2007). "Childbirth complications affect young infants' behavior." European Child and ...
Downs, Julie (October 2013). "Does "Healthy" Fast Food Exist? The Gap Between Perceptions and Behavior". Journal of Adolescent ... Downs, Julie (October 2013). "Does "Healthy" Fast Food Exist? The Gap Between Perceptions and Behavior". Journal of Adolescent ... In a research experiment published in Pediatrics, 6,212 children and adolescents ages 4 to 19 years old were examined to ... More other studies show that the exposure to poor-quality food environments has important effects on adolescent eating patterns ...
"Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)". Adolescent and School Health. CDC. 22 August 2018. Grunbaum, J.A., Kann, L., ... In an international survey of adolescent health-related behaviors, the percentage of students who reported being bullied at ... These behaviors are often established during youth and extend into adulthood. Since the risk behaviors in adulthood and youth ... YRBSS monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults. These are behaviors that ...
Urberg, K.; Shyu, S. J.; Liang, J. (1990). "Peer influence in adolescent cigarette smoking". Addictive Behaviors. 15 (3): 247- ... Half of those who begin smoking in adolescent years are projected to go on to smoke for 15 to 20 years. As of 2019 in the ... A current study tested the relation of adolescent smoking to rules regulating where adults are allowed to smoke in the home. ... It is debated whether peer pressure or self-selection is a greater cause of adolescent smoking. Psychologist Hans Eysenck (who ...
For this reason, behavior can only be described, not explained. Furthermore, there are ethical concerns related to observing ... For example, in Thomas Dishion's study on the cyclical nature of deviancy in male adolescent dyads, he explicitly defines the ... In contrast, products are the creations or artifacts of behavior. An example of a product might be a painting, a song, a dance ... Behavior Therapy, 27, 373-390. Simons, D., Levin, D. (1998). Failure to detect changes to people during a real-world ...
"Female adolescent friendship and delinquent behavior". Adolescence. 36 (142): 189-205. PMID 11572300. Dishion, T.J.; Andrews, D ... Another study found that adolescents with no friends did not engage in as many illegal activities as those with at least one ... This was even after the individual's prior behavior was controlled for and other controls were set in place. Furthermore, those ... Demuth S. (1997). "Understanding the "loner": Delinquency and the peer, family, and school relations of adolescents with no ...
"The Determinants of Parenting Behavior". Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. 21 (4): 407. doi:10.1207/ ... Abidin has been honored with the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Distinguished Career Award in 2017, and ... Adolescent Psychology. 24: 31. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp2401_4. Routh, D (1994). Clinical Psychology Since 1917. NY: Plenum ... Adolescent Psychology. 21: 60. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp2101_9. University of Virginia Curry School of Education InBalance, ...
Kaminer, Yifrah; Burleson, Joseph; Jadamec, Agnes (September 2002). "Gambling Behavior in Adolescent Substance Abuse". ... Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Flannery, Kathryn A. (2007). "Facing the challenge: The behavior analysis of gambling". The Behavior ... In general, behavior analytic research in this area is growing There is evidence that the SSRI paroxetine is efficacious in the ... Problem gambling is an addictive behavior with a high comorbidity with alcohol problems. A common feature shared by people who ...
It seeks to understand the emotional origin of the social and political behavior of groups and nations, past and present. Its ... Adolescent Psychiatry. 6 (4): 219-226. doi:10.1007/BF00539929. ISSN 1435-165X. PMID 9443001. DeMause's bio An interview with ... Aggression and Violent Behavior. 1 (3): 235-248. doi:10.1016/1359-1789(95)00009-7. ISSN 1359-1789. Sjöberg, R. L. (1997-12-01 ...
Children and Adolescents". Physiology & Behavior. 94 (1): 121-35. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.11.037. PMC 2601682 . PMID ... Labre MP (2002). "Adolescent boys and the muscular male body ideal". The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of ... Orexigenic Hypothalamic Peptides Behavior and Feeding - 24.5 Orexin". In Preedy VR, Watson RR, Martin CR. Handbook of Behavior ... le Grange D, Eisler I (2009). "Family interventions in adolescent anorexia nervosa". Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics ...
However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior.[4] This is because most teens tend to offend ... Moffitt (2006). "Life course persistent versus adolescent limited antisocial behavior". In Cicchetti, D.; Cohen, D. ... a b c d e Bartol, Curt & Bartol, Anne (2009). Juvenile Delinquency and Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective, 3rd ed ... a b c d Longo, R. E., Prescott, D. S. (2006). Introduction: A brief history of treating youth with sexual behavior problems. ...
With feelings of invulnerability, it can be said that an adolescent is more likely to participate in risk behavior. A study was ... Peterson, K. L.; Roscoe, B. (1991). "Imaginary audience behavior in older adolescent females". Adolescence. 26 (101): 195-200. ... In Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of adolescent psychology. Volume 1: Individual bases of adolescent ... Müge Artar conducted a study comparing adolescents identified as having higher levels of egocentrism with adolescents ...
The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... In one typical case study, an adolescent with ADHD presented with highly abnormal QEEG readings and attentional scores on ... difficulties with attention and some mode of obsessive behavior. Many patients with ASD have normal to above normal ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... are to be expected in the fantasies of adolescent males during the Upper Paleolithic. ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. Bednarik, began to engage in symbolic behavior such as art ...
Schnopp C, Mempel M (August 2011). "Acne vulgaris in children and adolescents". Minerva Pediatrica (Review). 63 (4): 293-304. ... Prevost N, English JC (October 2013). "Isotretinoin: update on controversial issues". Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent ... Nguyen HL, Tollefson MM (August 2017). "Endocrine disorders and hormonal therapy for adolescent acne". Current Opinion in ...
Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be ... and a very high percentage of adolescents write (81%) and read (92%) texts while driving.[71] In this context, mass media and ... Brief report:predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ... Brief report:predictorsofheavyinternetuseandassociationswithhealthpromoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ...
... changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress reduction recommendations, ice pack/ ... and no scientific data for idiopathic adolescent scoliosis.[122] A 2007 systematic review found that few studies of ... chiropractors were reported to be the most common CAM providers for children and adolescents, consuming up to 14% of all visits ... "Survey of US Chiropractor Attitudes and Behaviors about Subluxation" (PDF). Journal of Chiropractic Humanities. 15: 19-26. doi ...
Evidence to support this contention is derived from a study of overtraining behaviors and mental toughness by Tibbert (2013). ... Gucciardi, D. F. (2011). "The relationship between developmental experiences and mental toughness in adolescent cricketers". ... behaviors, and emotions that enable you to persevere and overcome any obstacle, adversity, or pressure experienced, but also to ... "Mental toughness profiles and their relations with achievement goals and sport motivation in adolescent Australian footballers ...
Pediatrics: Sexual Orientation and Adolescents, American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Report. Retrieved 2009-12-08. ... Frankowski BL; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence (2004). "Sexual orientation and adolescents". Pediatrics ...
Behavior changesEdit. Despite the personality and behavior changes that occur in people with brain tumors, little research on ... In the US, about 2,000 children and adolescents younger than 20 years of age are diagnosed with malignant brain tumors each ... By behaviorEdit. Brain tumors or intracranial neoplasms can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). However, the ... Infiltration is the behavior of the tumor either to grow (microscopic) tentacles that push into the surrounding tissue (often ...
"Evolution and Human Behavior. 34 (3): 176-181. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.11.006.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ... An analysis of the dance-related injuries in 113,084 adolescents in US emergency rooms from 1991-2007 was conducted using data ... Roberts, Kristin J.; Nelson, Nicolas G.; McKenzie, Lara (2013). "Dance-Related Injuries in Children and Adolescents Treated in ...
"ADVS 3910 Wild Horses Behavior", College of Agriculture, Utah State University. *^ Freilich S, Hoelzel AR, Choudhury SR. " ... a population-based study of adolescent cohort". Annals of Epidemiology. 26 (4): 283-92. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2016.03.001. ...
All of these morphological deviations influence the behavior and Metabolism of the mouse. For example, mice with the Mini ... Childhood manifestation of the gene deletion is typically associated with autism, while adolescent and later expression of the ... HAO1 and BMP2 also display pleiotropic effects with commonly desired domestic chicken behavior; those chickens who express ... higher levels of these two genes in bone tissue produce more eggs and display less egg incubation behavior.[40] ...
Lawrence, A. A. (2005). "Sexuality before and after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 34 ( ... Smith, Y. L. S.; Van Goozen, S. H. M.; Cohen-Kettenis, P. T. (2001). "Adolescents with gender identity disorder who were ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 34 (6): 679-690. doi:10.1007/s10508-005-7926-5. PMID 16362252.. ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 35 (4): 501-506. doi:10.1007/s10508-006-9040-8. PMID 16900416.. ...
Case, Linda P. (2010). Canine and Feline Behavior and Training: A Complete Guide to Understanding our Two Best Friends: A ... Full of piss and vinegar (energetic or ambitious late adolescent or young adult male) ... Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation - Google Books. 23 November 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2012.. ... Steven R. Lindsay (9 January 2008). Handbook of Applied Dog Behavior and Training, Procedures and Protocols. John Wiley & Sons ...
Using music that adolescents can relate to or connect with can help adolescent patients view the therapist as safe and ... overt behaviors like wandering and restlessness, reductions in agitated behaviors, and improvements to cognitive defects, ... "Music Therapy with High Risk Adolescents (PDF)" (PDF). American Music Therapy Association, Michigan State University Chapter. ... Crowe, Barbara J. (2007). Music Therapy for Children, Adolescents and Adults with Mental Disorders. Silver Spring, MD: American ...
Hiday, VA (June 1995). "The social context of mental illness and violence.". Journal of health and social behavior 36 (2): 122- ... 2012). "Risk of psychopathology in adolescent offspring of mothers with psychopathology and recurrent depression". The British ... "Prevention of Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Problem Behaviors: A Developmental Perspective. National Academies Press. ... "Journal of Mind and Behavior 15 (1-2): 55-70. ...
... : interpreting behavior from the human skeleton. Cambridge University Press. S. Mays, 1998. The archaeology of ... activity during the adolescent growth period seems to exert a greater influence on the size and shape of adult bones than ... There are numerous researchers studying violence, exploring a range of different types of violent behavior among past human ... behavior, biological relatedness, and population history. It does not closely link skeletal remains to their archaeological ...
... adolescent social stress history and social status". Hormones and Behavior. 89: 30-37. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.12.001. PMID ... "Norway Rat Behavior Repertoire". *^ a b Barnett, S. (1975). The Rat: a study in behavior (pp. 52-115). ... "Rat Behavior and Biology. Retrieved 1 December 2007.. *^ "Rats Capable Of Reflecting On Mental Processes". ... "pre-encounter defensive behavior", as opposed to a "post-encounter defensive behavior", such as flight, freezing, or avoidance ...
Franzoni E, Masoni P, Mambelli M, Marzano P, Donati C (1987). "[Niaprazine in behavior disorders in children. Double-blind ... July 2006). "Anxiolytics, hypnotics, and antidepressants dispensed to adolescents in a French region in 2002". ... It is commonly used with children and adolescents on account of its favorable safety and tolerability profile and lack of abuse ...
... (also called girlishness or womanliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with ... also mentions that there are numerous psychological problems that are related to femininity among women and adolescent girls. ... Behavior and personalityEdit. See also: Sex and psychology and Feminine psychology ... Ehrhardt, Anke A.; H. F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg (1981). "Effects of Prenatal Sex Hormones on Gender-Related Behavior". Science. 211 ...
Although adolescents rejected the same proportion of trials as adults, adolescents displayed greater caudate and frontal pole ... The effect of prepayment on choice and behavior". Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 107: 582-594. doi:10.1016/j. ... "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 89 (2): 145-155. doi:10.1901/jeab.2008-89-145. ISSN 0022-5002. PMC 2251327. ... 2008). "On loss aversion in capuchin monkeys". Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 89 (2): 145-155. doi:10.1901/ ...
Typically, an adult or adolescent with severe long-standing OSA will fall asleep for very brief periods in the course of usual ... This behavior may be quite dramatic, sometimes occurring during conversations with others at social gatherings. ... The deepest stage (stage 3 of NREM) is required for the physically restorative effects of sleep, and in pre-adolescents, this ... "Understanding the Anatomic Basis for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Adolescents". American Journal of Respiratory and ...
Scott W Ross, Robert H Horner, Thomas Higbee, BULLY PREVENTION IN POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT, J Appl Behav Anal. 2009 talvel; 42 ... Bruce D. Perry, The Neurodevelopmental Impact of Violence in Childhood, Chapter 18: In Textbook of Child and Adolescent ... Christina Salmivalli, Bullying and the peer group: A review, Aggression and Violent Behavior 15 (2010) 112-120, Turu Ülikool, ... Bruce D. Perry, The Neurodevelopmental Impact of Violence in Childhood, Chapter 18: In Textbook of Child and Adolescent ...
BNST also connects to the septal area, rewarding sexual behavior.[19][20] ... "Olfactory function in young adolescents with Down's syndrome". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 61 (4): 412- ... regulates motor behavior (primarily social and stereotypical) brought on by odors, integrates auditory and olfactory sensory ... From Odor Molecules to Motivational Behaviors, Tokyo: Springer, p. 32. ...
Sexual behavior is another reason for clitoridectomies. Author Sarah Rodriguez stated that the history of medical textbooks has ... Adolescent medicine. *Anesthesiology. *Dermatology. *Disaster medicine. *Diving medicine. *Emergency medicine *Mass-gathering ...
This is normal in children and adolescents.[25][26]. *The inner surface of the foreskin is fused with the glans penis. This is ... At the time, this led to the speculation that Guiteau's murderous behavior was due to phimosis-induced insanity.[42] ... Others have described incidences in adolescents and adults as high as 50%, though it is likely that many cases of physiological ... normal in children and adolescents, but abnormal in adults.[26]. *The frenulum is too short to allow complete retraction of the ...
"California Condor Behavior". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge. Archived from the ... their numbers are increasing steadily through regular releases of captive-reared adolescents. ... Researchers and breeders take advantage of this behavior to double the reproductive rate by taking the first egg away for ... competitive play behavior, and a variety of hisses and grunts. This social hierarchy is displayed especially when the birds ...
Institute for Sex Research (Kinsey, et al.) (1953). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Saunders. ... A show directed at adolescents that had a particularly strong cult following was Buffy the Vampire Slayer. In the fourth season ... a b Rust, Paula C. (November 1992). "The Politics of Sexual Identity: Sexual Attraction and Behavior Among Lesbian and Bisexual ... Female homosexual behavior may be present in every culture, although the concept of a lesbian as a woman who pairs exclusively ...
Shiv B, Lowenstein G, Bechara A, Damasio H, Damasio A (2005). "Investment behavior and the negative side of emotion". ... Audio of António Damasio 2003 lecture, "Emotion, Feeling, and Social Behavior: The Brain Perspective" at Walter Chapin Simpson ... Adolescent medicine. *Anesthesiology. *Dermatology. *Disaster medicine. *Diving medicine. *Emergency medicine *Mass gathering ...
... is related to the specific behaviors of fight-or-flight responses, defensive behavior or escape. It occurs in ... Research upon adolescents who as infants had been highly apprehensive, vigilant, and fearful finds that their nucleus accumbens ... "Prevention of Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Problem Behaviors: A Developmental Perspective. National Academies Press. ... behavior such as hostility.[38] Furthermore, when compared to anxiety levels and cognitive effort (e.g., impression management ...
She saw human behavior as guided by universal, innate characteristics in human psychology which her son and collaborator Mario ... While in India, Montessori observed children and adolescents of all ages, and turned to the study of infancy. In 1944 she gave ... Her early school record was "not particularly noteworthy",[4] although she was awarded certificates for good behavior in the ... In this first classroom, Montessori observed behaviors in these young children which formed the foundation of her educational ...
This website provides a summary of skills for behavior management that research suggests strengthen school connectedness. It ... Behavior Management. These skills can help promote clear and consistent expectations and effectively manage behavior in the ... Help students who display disruptive behavior develop alternative behaviors.1 For example, post key classroom rules, agreements ... behavior and focus on corrective guidance and modelling to promote learning and behavior change) and punishment (which focus on ...
... male to female adolescents (29.9%), questioning adolescents (27.9%), female adolescents (17.6%), and male adolescents (9.8%). ... Older adolescents also had higher odds of suicide behavior. Adolescents whose parents had higher education levels and who were ... female to male adolescents and nonbinary adolescents reported the highest rates of suicide behavior. Indeed, nearly 1 in 2 ... and nonbinary adolescents report engaging in suicide behavior at higher levels than other adolescent transgender populations. ...
Adolescent Dysfunctional Behavior succeeds in introducing its audience to the many facets and treatments of adolescent problems ... How do problem behaviors develop in adolescents? Why is teen crime and suicide on the rise? Are there reliable ways to prevent ... and medical settings finds answers to these questions while exploring adolescent dysfunctional behavior. Divided into three ... Selected Theoretical Frameworks of Individual and Group Behavior for Intervention and Prevention ...
... during a childs first three years and during adolescence on his or her decisions to engage in a range of risky behaviors: ... little evidence that mothers employment early in the childs life has lasting consequences on participation in risky behaviors ... "Effects of Maternal Employment on Adolescent Behavior and Academic Outcomes: Evidence from Japanese Micro Data," CIS Discussion ... "Sex, Drugs, and Catholic Schools: Private Schooling and Non-Market Adolescent Behaviors," German Economic Review, Verein für ...
... we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual ... These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) ... "Will daughters walk moms talk? The effects of maternal communication about sex on the sexual behavior of female adolescents," ... "Parental supervision and adolescent risky behaviors," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 185-206 ...
Research has shown that school health programs can reduce the prevalence of health risk behaviors among young people and have a ... Health Behaviorsplus icon *Sexual Risk Behaviors Can Lead to HIV, STDs, & Teen Pregnancy ... Content source: Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention ...
Adolescents who behave aggressively are more likely to drink alcohol and in larger quantities than their peers, according to a ... Aggressive behavior increases adolescent drinking, depression doesnt. University of Eastern Finland. Journal. Journal of ... The proportion of adolescents who use alcohol has not grown in comparison to earlier studies; however, many adolescents consume ... Adolescents who behave aggressively are more likely to drink alcohol and in larger quantities than their peers, according to a ...
Is this normal adolescent behavior? momneedshelp900 My 14 year old son is a freshman in high school and is not doing as well ... All my readings suggest this is not normal adolescent behavior. What should I do? I also read that children who do this most ... You are correct - this is not normal adolescent behavior.You should arrange an evaluation with a mental health clinician who ... Create an account to receive updates on: Is this normal adolescent behavior? ...
adolescent sexual behavior Age and Sex agricultural schools alternatives Anat attitudes and behavior Attitudes toward ... Adolescent sexuality: a study of attitudes and behavior. Helen F. Antonovsky. Snippet view - 1980. ... sexuality. ... feel girls from traditional heavy petting heterosocial impact important Israel Israeli adolescents Jewish kibbutz adolescents ...
Adolescent gambling is associated with numerous individual, social, and family characteristics.... ... are recognized as an emerging health issue among adolescents. ... Family Influences on Adolescent Gambling Behavior: A Review of ... Adolescent gambling Families Gambling Adolescents Literature review This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Tiggs, B. B. (2003). Parental consent and adolescent risk behavior research. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 35, 283-289. ...
Watching Sex on Television Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behavior. Rebecca L. Collins, Marc N. Elliott, Sandra H. ... Watching Sex on Television Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behavior Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Watching Sex on Television Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behavior. Rebecca L. Collins, Marc N. Elliott, Sandra H. ... However, empirical data examining the relationships between exposure to sex on TV and adolescent sexual behaviors are rare and ...
Adolescents smoking behavior and risk perceptions.. Virgili M1, Owen N, Sverson HH. ... Risk perceptions, and their relationship to different stages of the acquisition of smoking behavior, were examined in a sample ... Implications for understanding and for dealing with the initiation and maintenance of smoking behavior in adolescence are ... may assist in understanding the risks seen to be associated with health-related behaviors. ...
The consequences of adolescent chronic unpredictable stress exposure on brain and behavior.. Hollis F1, Isgor C, Kabbaj M. ... It is our aim that the research highlighted in this review will aid in our understanding of the role of stress in adolescent ... In this review, we describe the effects of chronic, unpredictable stress (CUS) exposure during adolescence on adult behavior ... This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Stress, Emotional Behavior and the Endocannabinoid System. ...
Researchers at Stanford University are recruiting children and adolescents with any neurologic or psychiatric condition to ... future studies and to review the medical records of the children to help answer questions about the brain and behaviors. ...
... a premier measure of adolescent risky behavior, to all of our adolescent subjects. Our adolescents behavior (Fig. S1) was well ... Adolescents and adults exhibit the same degree of randomness in their behavior (μadolescent = 0.56 ± 0.06 vs. μadult = 0.57 ± ... we were able to gain a richer understanding of adolescent behavior. The evolution of risky behaviors across the lifespan is ... and make medical decisions all limit adolescent engagement in high-risk behaviors. Educational programs inform adolescents of ...
Far from just influencing your physical health, vitamin D plays a role in mental health and may influence behavior - even years ... as a deficiency in childhood may affect their behavior in adolescence, according to a ... Study links low vitamin D levels in young kids to aggression in adolescents. How many times did your parents make you go ... In the U.S., an estimated 3.2 million adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 suffer from depression, defined as having at ...
Childhood Behavior. Childrens behavior as early as age 3 can predict whether they will use alcohol and illicit drugs in ... "If early childhood behaviors such as behavioral control and resiliency put individuals at risk for alcohol and drug use, then ... Additionally, adolescents with higher resiliency in early childhood were less likely to start drinking and experience ... Guessing Game Sheds Light on Autistic Children Social Behavior According to a news story from University of California ...
Risky behaviors beget other risky behaviors. The fact that adolescent risky behaviors often co-occur makes engaging in any one ... Lindberg, Boggess, and Williams (1999) results somewhat support the interconnectedness of adolescent risk behaviors. ... Most literature on adolescent consequences of risky behaviors focuses on risky behaviors as outcomes, with some studies ... risky behavior a risk factor for engaging in another. ... The fact that adolescent risky behaviors often co-occur makes ...
... adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases ... Adolescents in the United States have a higher proportion of pregnancies that are unintended and that end in abortion than do ... Trends in adolescent sexual behaviors influence rates of adolescent pregnancy and STDs, and are used to monitor the progress of ... Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent ...
This work was supported by Grant #RO1-DK43802, "Behavior Therapy for Families of Diabetic Adolescents," awarded by the National ... Behavior Therapy for Families of Adolescents With Diabetes. Maintenance of treatment effects. ... General parent-adolescent relationships.. The Parent-Adolescent Relationship Questionnaire (PARQ) was developed by Robin et al ... for families of adolescents with diabetes. We previously reported that BFST yielded short-term improvement in parent-adolescent ...
The role of psychosocial protective factors in adolescent health-enhancing behaviors--healthy diet, regular exercise, adequate ... Protective factors in adolescent health behavior J Pers Soc Psychol. 1998 Sep;75(3):788-800. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.75.3.788. ... The role of psychosocial protective factors in adolescent health-enhancing behaviors--healthy diet, regular exercise, adequate ... Key proximal protective factors are value on health, perceived effects of health-compromising behavior, and parents who model ...
Home / Shop / Books / Medicine and Health / Handbook on Child and Adolescent Behavior and Health. ... Handbook on Child and Adolescent Behavior and Health opens with a summary of the tools and diagnostic instruments commonly used ... Handbook on Child and Adolescent Behavior and Health. Antônio Araujo Goncalves (Editor) ... and consequences related to children and adolescents involvement in these behaviors. ...
... November 11, 2011 • By A News Summary .fb-share ... The researchers assessed adolescents from 230 area schools for their study. The 497 teens and their families were interviewed ... "Emotional Dynamics in the Development of Early Adolescent Psychopathology: A One-Year Longitudinal Study." Journal of Abnormal ... while no sex differences were found for aggressive behavior. Females also reported higher sadness levels than males, but males ...
In-home interviews were conducted with a representative general population sample of adolescents from 12 to 17 years old and ... influence the development of various types of drinking behaviors in their children. ... The findings revealed that adolescent drinking can be explained in part by parental models of drinking behavior; for example, ... Barnes, GM., Farrell, MP., & Cairns, A. (1986). Parental Socialization Factors and Adolescent Drinking Behaviors. Journal of ...
A new study using brain imaging to study teen behavior indicates that adolescents who engage in dangerous activities have ... thrill seeking behaviors, reckless behaviors, rebellious behaviors and antisocial behaviors. DTI was used to measure ... "Adolescent Engagement in Dangerous Behaviors Is Associated with Increased White Matter Maturing of Frontal Cortex", PLoS ONE, 8 ... Surprising results in teen study: adolescent risky behavior may signal mature brain. August 25, 2009. ...
Games Parents and Adolescents Play: Risky Behaviors, Parental Reputation, and Strategic Transfers Lingxin Hao, V. Joseph Hotz ... "Games Parents and Adolescents Play: Risky Behaviors, Parental Reputation, and Strategic Transfers." Economic Journal 118, 528 ( ... the likelihood of teen risky behaviors and parental transfers to a child who engaged in teen risky behaviors will decrease with ... We consider parental reputation in a repeated two-stage game in which adolescents decide whether to give a teen birth or drop ...
We surveyed oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among adolescents with diabetes in order to inform potential ... opportunity exists for improving periodontal disease knowledge and adoption of preventive oral hygiene behaviors in adolescents ... Oral Health Knowledge and Behaviors among Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes. Valerie A. Orlando. ,1. ,. 2 Lonnie R. Johnson. ,2 ... Oral Health Knowledge and Behaviors among Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes,. International Journal of Dentistry,. vol. 2010. , ...
Pilot approaches in adolescent reproductive health : report on a WHO meeting : executive meeting, Lisbon, Portugal 8-9 April ... The series Health Policy for Children and Adolescents (‎HEPCA)‎is a WHO document series mainly based on results of the ... Adolescent health involves different professional perspectives and is of high public health importance, particularly ... Browsing Technical documents by Subject "Adolescent Behavior". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T ...
... the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM), the ... about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is ... essential to understand changes in adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases and to monitor the progress of health ... Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent ... Santelli, JS., Lindberg, LD., Abma, J., McNeely, CS., & Resnick, M. (2000). Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Estimates and Trends ...
Adolescent risk behavior, such as substance use, delinquency, risky sexual behavior, violence, and school failure, increases ... Third, as risk behavior was reported by adolescents alone, it would be helpful if data based on other informants such as ... D. T. L. Shek and L. Yu, "Prevention of adolescent problem behavior: longitudinal impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong ... Longitudinal Impact of the Project PATHS on Adolescent Risk Behavior: What Happened after Five Years?. Daniel T. L. Shek1,2,3,4 ...
  • This paper examines the impact of maternal employment during a child's first three years and during adolescence on his or her decisions to engage in a range of risky behaviors: smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, using marijuana and other drugs, engaging in sex and committing crimes. (
  • Implications for understanding and for dealing with the initiation and maintenance of smoking behavior in adolescence are discussed. (
  • In this review, we describe the effects of chronic, unpredictable stress (CUS) exposure during adolescence on adult behavior and brain morphology and function in animal models. (
  • We provide evidence for adolescence as a critical window for the effects of physical CUS that persist into adulthood, with ramifications for morphological development, associated hippocampal-dependent tasks, and anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors. (
  • Children's behavior as early as age 3 can predict whether they will use alcohol and illicit drugs in adolescence, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the journal Child Development. (
  • Earlier alcohol use was also associated with accelerated growth of conduct problem behaviors during the transition to early adolescence. (
  • Strengthening both proximal and distal protective factors may help to promote healthful behaviors in adolescence. (
  • A long-standing theory of adolescent behavior has assumed that this delayed brain maturation is the cause of impulsive and dangerous decisions in adolescence. (
  • Additionally, it has been shown that the period of mid-adolescence (ages 15 through 19) is the time when teens are more likely to begin high-risk behaviors such as drinking, abusing drugs or driving recklessly. (
  • Accordingly, numerous studies have been conducted to identify specific risk and protective factors for the unfolding of risk behaviors during adolescence, based on which a proliferation of prevention programs have been developed and implemented worldwide [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • Of all psychiatric diagnoses, bipolar disorder imparts the greatest risk for completed suicide in adolescence, and is further associated with poor psychosocial functioning, substance abuse and legal difficulties, and exorbitant healthcare costs exceeding those for other adolescent psychiatric conditions. (
  • The goal of this chapter is to educate about bullying between adolescents, with adolescence being defined as young people being between the ages of 10 and 19 years (Sinyor, 2014). (
  • Research shows that risk-taking behaviors, such as binge drinking, may increase throughout adolescence. (
  • Because adolescence is often associated with negative stereotypes, our findings provide a more nuanced view on adolescent development by focusing on the relation between risk taking and prosocial behavior. (
  • The researchers found that rebelliousness increased from early adolescence to late adolescence before declining into adulthood, and prosocial behavior peaked in mid- to late-adolescence. (
  • Our study suggests that fun seeking may be a trait that leads to diverse aspects of adolescent development, and that adolescence is a time of both vulnerabilities-seen in risk taking-and opportunities-seen in helping behaviors," according to Eva H. Telzer, associate professor of psychology and neuroscience at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, who co-led the study. (
  • Hypotheses were tested using data from the Social Network Analysis of Risk Behaviors in Early Adolescence (SNARE) study (N = 1,100, 50% boys, (X) over bar (age) = 12.7, SD = 0.47 years). (
  • Thus, this longitudinal analysis provides new insight in risk-taking and reward sensitivity in adolescence: (1) confirming an adolescent peak in nucleus accumbens activity, and (2) underlining a critical role for pubertal hormones and individual differences in risk-taking tendency. (
  • Corticosterone plasma levels were measured 2 h after the challenge, whereas another subgroup was assessed for behavior in the open field, elevated plus maze (EPM), social investigation and the negative contrast sucrose consumption test in adolescence (postnatal day 45). (
  • Within clinical practices, dietitians and other health care providers should be asking about the use of these behaviors prior to adolescence, throughout adolescence, and into young adulthood. (
  • In the younger females, unhealthy weight control behaviors remained constant from early adolescence to early young adulthood. (
  • For extreme weight control behaviors, significant increases from adolescence to young adulthood were found in females for both age cohorts and for the older cohort of males. (
  • Among females, the use of extreme weight control behaviors increased from 8.4% to 20.4% between early adolescence and early young adulthood and from 12.6% to 20.6% between middle adolescence and middle young adulthood. (
  • For the older males, extreme weight control behaviors increased from 2.1% in middle adolescence to 7.3% in middle young adulthood. (
  • These behaviors tended to track within individuals and, in general, participants who engaged in dieting and disordered eating behaviors during adolescence were at increased risk for these behaviors 10 years later. (
  • This cross-national comparison allows circumspection on whether violent behavior in adolescence is more a function of environmental, cultural, and political influences or to what extent it is part of the normal developmental process of adolescence. (
  • Adolescence has been characterized by risk-taking behaviors that can lead to fatal outcomes. (
  • C. C. Henrich, K. A. Brookmeyer, L. A. Shrier and G. Shahar, "Supportive Relationships and Sexual Risk Behavior in Adolescence: An Ecological Transactional Approach," Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2006, pp. 286-297. (
  • The adolescent students' experience at school is crucial in shaping health behaviors during and beyond adolescence. (
  • The last stage of adolescence the teenager begins to feel more secure in their bodies and their sexual behavior. (
  • Prevalence statistics were compared across gender identity groups, as were the associations between sociodemographic characteristics (ie, age, parents' highest level of education, urbanicity, sexual orientation, and race and/or ethnicity) and suicide behavior. (
  • Prevalence estimates in 1995 differed significantly in at least one comparison of surveys for all behaviors except having four or more lifetime sexual partners (both genders) and having two or more recent sexual partners (females). (
  • Descriptive analyses show the prevalence of sexual behaviors in this sample was significantly lower than rates in a comparable sample of adolescents who participated in the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. (
  • Despite high levels of sexual activity and risk behaviors among Jamaican youth, few population-based studies have examined their prevalence or correlates. (
  • The prevalence of three sexual risk behaviors was assessed using data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican ?Reproductive Health Survey on a subsample of adolescents aged 15-19 who neither were in a union nor had a child. (
  • Furthermore, there are few reliable estimates of the national prevalence of sexual risk behaviors or studies that examine the extent to which socioeconomic status, particularly poverty, is associated with such behaviors among youth. (
  • To estimate the prevalence of risk behaviors for non-communicable diseases and analyze their associated factors in adolescents. (
  • The prevalence of exposure to risk behaviors for non-communicable diseases was high, highlighting the simultaneous presence of tobacco smoking and experimentation of alcoholic beverages. (
  • The goal was to examine adolescent attitudes concerning their personal body image satisfaction, the prevalence of behaviours inherent to eating disorders, and their relationships with family and peers. (
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of stages of behavior change (SBC) for physical activity and to verify the associated demographic and economic factors, in adolescents from the Amazon. (
  • Approximately one-third of males reported unhealthy weight control behaviors, and the prevalence remained fairly constant over the study period in both age cohorts. (
  • OBJECTIVE -This study examines the prevalence of specific weight control practices/disordered eating behaviors and associations with sociodemographic characteristics, BMI and weight perceptions, family functioning, and metabolic control among adolescent females and males with type 1 diabetes. (
  • Several studies have compared the prevalence of unhealthy weight control practices and other disordered eating behaviors among adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes. (
  • Context - Although suicide is the third leading cause of death among US adolescents, little is known about the prevalence, correlates, or treatment of its immediate precursors, adolescent suicidal behaviors (ie, suicide ideation, plans, and attempts). (
  • Objectives - To estimate the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors among US adolescents and the associations of retrospectively reported, temporally primary DSM-IV disorders with the subsequent onset of suicidal behaviors. (
  • The following chart and bullet points provide information on the percentages of lifetime risk prevalence of eating disorders and the attitudes and behaviors of preteens and teens around eating disorders (Merikangas et al. (
  • There are few empirically sound prevalence estimates for adolescent sexually abusive behavior. (
  • Prevalence of adolescent problem gambling: A systematic review of recent research. (
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a skills-based psychotherapy originally developed for adults with borderline personality disorder. (
  • Filling a tremendous need, this highly practical book adapts the proven techniques of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) to treatment of multiproblem adolescents at highest risk for suicidal behavior and self-injury. (
  • Sign up for e-alerts on upcoming titles on Dialectical Behavior Therapy (with special discounts)! (
  • He is the coauthor of DBT Skills in Schools , DBT Skills Manual for Adolescents , and Dialectical Behavior Therapy with Suicidal Adolescents . (
  • Marsha M. Linehan , PhD, ABPP, the developer of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), is Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Director Emeritus of the Behavioral Research and Therapy Clinics at the University of Washington. (
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy vs Enhanced Usual Care for Suicidal and Self-harming Adolescents. (
  • The purpose of the study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in treatment of adolescents with deliberate self harm compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). (
  • Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.Looking for fun new ways to learn Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or mindfulness? (
  • He explains that, to date, school-based interventions to improve adolescent health have realized only limited success. (
  • The researchers believe that a better understanding of these phenomena would aid in the design of more effective health interventions tailored to the specific social environments of adolescents. (
  • These mechanisms were hypothesize to be important based on existing research suggesting that parental involvement in childhood obesity interventions influences child and adolescent weight status. (
  • Background: Understanding ecological factors that influence risky sexual behavior of adolescents is vital in designing and implementing sexual risk reduction interventions in specific contexts. (
  • Interventions aimed at reducing sexual behavior among school adolescents should target adolescents as a group rather than individually. (
  • We should include partner communication modules when designing high impact interventions to encourage HIV testing for these minority adolescents who need it most. (
  • This article addresses trends related to sexual and reproductive health of adolescents as well as clinical assessment and interventions designed to reduce sexual risk and promote sexual health of the adolescents in the United States. (
  • The goal of this document is to provide relevant information for reducing sexual reoffending by adolescents and promotingeffective interventions that facilitate pro-social and law-abiding behaviors. (
  • they have the highest rates of sexually transmitted diseases ( 4 ) and criminal behaviors ( 5 ) of any age group, and even drive faster than adults ( 6 ). (
  • The logical concerns arising from adolescent sexual behavior are pregnancy, parenthood, infection with a sexually transmitted disease, and exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (
  • 1 Moreover, adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), 2 which along with unintended pregnancy impose enormous costs in human pain and suffering, in social and economic opportunity, and in social welfare and health care. (
  • 4 Recognizing the impact of these behaviors, the public health community has set national goals for delaying the initiation of intercourse, increasing abstinence among sexually experienced adolescents and increasing the use of condoms and other contraceptives. (
  • Context: Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases and to monitor the progress of health promotion activities in the United States Methods: Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM), the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) were compared. (
  • Structural equation modeling showed multiple direct and indirect pathways from psychosocial factors to adolescent sexual risk behavior (sexually active, number of sexual partners and frequency of condom use)," the authors noted. (
  • While curiosity and experimentation are normal, sexual behaviors, both coital and non-coital, place adolescents at risk for undesired consequences including sexually transmitted disease acquisition and pregnancy. (
  • Teenage pregnancy and associated risk behaviors among sexually abused adolescents. (
  • The sexual behavior of people, where access to sexual and reproductive health services can make the difference between sexuality being exercised freely and responsibly, or stop taking necessary actions to reduce the risk of having a pregnancy not planned or acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI). (
  • Early identification of HIV in adolescents is associated with earlier treatment and better health outcomes, so it is especially important that these sexually active high-school-aged adolescents be tested. (
  • Sexually abusive behavior by adolescent youth is a serious problem, accounting for more than one-third of all sexual offenses against minors 1 and causing serious harm or even devastating consequences. (
  • Historically, professional opinions about adolescents who engaged in sexually abusive behaviors were based on beliefs about adults who committed sex crimes. (
  • Moreover, adolescents who sexually offend are diverse, e.g., in age and maturity level, learning styles and challenges, and risk factors for reoffending. (
  • The term "sexually abusive behavior" is used to denote all instances of sexually abusive behavior whether or not a specific behavior was reported to authorities and, if reported, whether or not the youth was adjudicated (as a juvenile or as an adult) and whether or not a finding of guilt ensued. (
  • Sexually abusive behavior is differentiated from developmentally normative behaviors and it is important to be aware of both normative sexual development and general adolescent development. (
  • The term "sexual recidivism" refers to reports of new sexually abusive behavior, typically recorded in juvenile or criminal justice records. (
  • While the actual rates of sex offending behavior are under-reported, studies support that once detected, most adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior do not continue to engage in these behaviors 2, 9 . (
  • METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 53 sexually active adolescent females, with known history of IPV, about violence, sexual experiences, and related behaviors. (
  • These findings suggest that exploring pregnancy intentions and behaviors of partners of sexually active adolescents may help to identify youth experiencing IPV. (
  • Sexually inexperienced adolescent girls and young adult women who've been vaccinated against human papillomavirus aren't more likely to engage in riskier sexual behaviors. (
  • Among sexually active adolescents, the number of intercourse, the number of sexual partners, and the use of contraception at the most recent intercourse were asked. (
  • Therefore, increase in proportion of sexually active adolescents, intensity of sex life and insufficient use of effective contraceptive methods contributed to an increase in teenage abortions. (
  • Maternal Employment and Adolescent Risky Behavior ," Labor and Demography 0302002, University Library of Munich, Germany. (
  • Taking Chances: The Effect of Growing Up on Welfare on the Risky Behavior of Young People ," IZA Discussion Papers 4095, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (
  • The fact that adolescent risky behaviors often co-occur makes engaging in any one risky behavior a risk factor for engaging in another. (
  • More than one-quarter of students, though, only participated in a single risky behavior. (
  • Berns says more studies need to be done to determine if early brain development predisposes someone to engage in risky behaviors, or if the risky behavior drives the maturation of the brain. (
  • Because of several factors, including high levels of dopamine, adolescents are prone to risky behavior. (
  • Subscribers can read our full interview with Dr. Shatkin , including his fascinating theory on how human evolution plays a role in adolescent risky behavior. (
  • Do predictors of gambling involvement differ across male and female adolescents? (
  • Three multicenter treatment studies of adolescents with depression, the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS), the Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA) study, and the Adolescent Depression Antidepressants and Psychotherapy Trial (ADAPT), provide clinically useful information about predictors of suicidal events in youths. (
  • Findings suggest complex interrelationships among paternal, environmental, social, personal and substance use factors as longitudinal predictors of sexual risk behavior in children whose fathers abuse or are dependent upon drugs," the authors concluded. (
  • Accordingly, this study examined the correlates and prospective predictors of dieting in a community sample of adolescent girls ( N = 320). (
  • These findings suggest that effective parenting practices have a robust protective effect on youth drug use via multiple pathways that extend beyond parenting effects on the most proximal predictors of adolescent drug use. (
  • The Prosocial and Health Adolescent Risk Behavior Scale (PHARBS) was developed beginning with a review of the present evidence in support of potential predictors and descriptors of various risk behaviours. (
  • The aim was to compare adherence rates and identify the predictors of adherence to a cognitive behavior therapy website in two adolescent samples that were offered the program in different settings and under different conditions of support. (
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and behavior of triplets compared with matched singletons at adolescent age and to identify medical and sociodemographic predictors of outcome. (
  • The findings raise questions about a possible change in the behaviour of adolescent girls and their vulnerability during adolescent social and emotional development," says Eila Laukkanen, Professor and Chief Physician of Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. (
  • These findings suggest a need to increase our understanding of how methodologies influence survey response in research on adolescents. (
  • Based on rigorously designed evaluative studies, researchers have reported encouraging findings that support the effects of programs adopting the positive youth development approach in decreasing adolescent risk behaviors and promoting positive developmental outcomes [ 4 - 6 ]. (
  • The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter , written by a team of researchers, clinicians and medical writers from Bradley Hospital and Brown University, features the latest research findings on behavioral issues among troubled children and adolescents. (
  • Findings indicated that adolescents with an early onset of one or more externalizing behaviors were more popular, less liked, and had as many friends as their peers. (
  • These findings suggest that early onset adolescents potentially function as role models. (
  • The findings from the current study argue for early and ongoing efforts aimed at the prevention, early identification, and treatment of disordered eating behaviors in young people," commented lead investigator. (
  • Comparison of violence-related behaviors in US youths with those of their peers in other countries can provide a context for the US findings. (
  • For a copy of the article "Loosening the Link Between Childhood Poverty and Adolescent Smoking and Obesity: The Protective Effects of Social Capital" and access to other Psychological Science research findings, please contact Keri Chiodo at 202-293-9300 or [email protected] . (
  • These findings are consistent with our earlier findings of ASD-relevant behavioral and brain events in adult rats given PPA, and support further study of effects of PPA in young rodents by establishing similar effects in adolescent animals. (
  • These findings highlight opportunities for healthcare providers to include a discussion of the partner's testing status when counseling adolescents about HIV testing," said Dr. Talib. (
  • Male partner pregnancy-promoting behaviors and adolescent partner violence: findings from a qualitative study with adolescent females. (
  • Findings revealed that the current School Health Program failed to address issues of concern to adolescents with no significant differences in risk behaviors: smoking, alcohol and drug use. (
  • In light of the potential serious consequences of engaging in unhealthy weight control practices, it is important to understand aspects unique to adolescent development that are associated with these behaviors among youth with type 1 diabetes. (
  • To better understand the motivation for adolescent smoking and drinking and to identify the underlying risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors among adolescents. (
  • AU - Simantov,E, AU - Schoen,C, AU - Klein,J D, PY - 2000/10/13/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/10/13/entrez SP - 1025 EP - 33 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 154 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To better understand the motivation for adolescent smoking and drinking and to identify the underlying risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors among adolescents. (
  • CONCLUSIONS -BFST yielded lasting improvement in parent-adolescent relationships and delayed improvement in treatment adherence, but it had no effect on adjustment to diabetes or diabetic control. (
  • CONCLUSIONS -Special attention is needed for youth with weight concerns and those from less cohesive families to assist in the development of healthy diabetes management behaviors. (
  • Conclusions - Suicidal behaviors are common among US adolescents, with rates that approach those of adults. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-promoting behaviors of male abusive partners may be one potential mechanism underlying associations between adolescent IPV and pregnancy. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: HRQoL and behavioral outcome in adolescent triplets was good in our study and was, in some aspects, better than in matched singleton controls. (
  • As a result, unhealthy weight-loss behaviors among adolescents are becoming more widespread (Pesa & Turner, 2001). (
  • The proportion of adolescents engaging in sexual intercourse, those having 10 or more sexual intercourses, having three or more sex partners and non-use of contraception at the most recent intercourse increased between 1996/1997 and 2000/2001. (
  • Make sure all students receive the same consequences (consistency) every time (predictability) and positively reinforce prosocial behaviors often for all students. (
  • At the same time, so can prosocial behaviors (behaviors that involve doing good to benefit others). (
  • Participants completed questionnaires each time they were surveyed, reporting on how often they engaged in rebellious and prosocial behaviors. (
  • These adolescents also were more likely to perform prosocial behaviors that benefit others, such as volunteering, donating money or helping friends with problems. (
  • To our knowledge, no other researchers have examined heterogeneity in reported suicide behavior among transgender adolescents using a large sample to compare rates across subgroups. (
  • Researchers at Stanford University are recruiting children and adolescents with any neurologic or psychiatric condition to participate in a research registry that will allow researchers to contact their parents for relevant future studies and to review the medical records of the children to help answer questions about the brain and behaviors. (
  • These researchers studied the co-occurrence of adolescent risk behaviors using data from 7th to 12th graders in the 1995 Add Health survey. (
  • The researchers assessed adolescents from 230 area schools for their study. (
  • The urgent need of developing effective evidence-based programs, strategies, and policies to prevent youth risk behaviors has been repeatedly emphasized by researchers, practitioners, and policy makers across the world. (
  • The researchers concluded that availability is an important factor in the methods chosen by children and adolescents who commit suicide. (
  • Both researchers noted that risk factors for bullying behavior, including individual and family circumstances, also predicted later criminal activity. (
  • The researchers in this study have developed the first treatment for TTM to target children and adolescents. (
  • Philadelphia, PA, June 24, 2011 Adolescents who diet and develop disordered eating behaviors (unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors and binge eating) carry these unhealthy practices into young adulthood and beyond, according to a study conducted by University of Minnesota researchers and published in the July 2011 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association . (
  • The cross-campus collaboration, which was organized through the UMass Computational Social Science Institute (CSSI), will study friendship and health behavior among students in four middle schools from sixth through eighth grade, allowing the researchers to observe the interplay of the social environment and health behaviors over three consecutive years. (
  • Researchers have now identified sexual orientation discordance - sexual contact that is inconsistent with the individual's sexual orientation - as a potential risk factor for adolescent suicidal ideation and/or attempts. (
  • Researchers remain divided on the role of sexuality in the media on adolescent sexual health. (
  • In baseline and 1-year follow-up interviews, participants reported their TV viewing habits and sexual experience and responded to measures of more than a dozen factors known to be associated with adolescent sexual initiation. (
  • They continued to evaluate these behaviors every three years thereafter until the participants reached 12 to 14. (
  • Results demonstrated that adolescents receiving the program exhibited significantly slower increases in delinquent behaviors and substance use as compared to the control participants. (
  • Prior to the open-ended script interview, participants will be asked about Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, abuse history, substance use, sexual behavior, and demographics. (
  • Participants will receive behavior therapy during Phases 1 and 2. (
  • Each time they were surveyed, the participants had a magnetic resonance imaging scan to measure the maturation of two brain regions-the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex-to determine whether these areas, which are important for risk taking and prosocial behavior, predicted the behaviors. (
  • The paper analyses a survey conducted with 148 adolescent participants. (
  • To more fully understand behavior in risky situations, one can decompose decision making into the distinct behavioral subprocesses studied by psychologists and economists for nearly half a century. (
  • From the time the children were 3 to 5 years old, trained interviewers rated the preschoolers' ability to control their impulses and behavior (behavioral control) and flexibly adapt their self-control to environmental demands (resiliency). (
  • If early childhood behaviors such as behavioral control and resiliency put individuals at risk for alcohol and drug use, then programs aimed at changing those behaviors at an early age may protect individuals from experimenting with drugs and alcohol later on. (
  • The literature on adolescent conduct problems and substance use supports the notion of an "externalizing (behavioral) path" leading to substance use, particularly for males (Hussong, Curran, and Chassin, 1998). (
  • OBJECTIVE -This study reports 6- and 12-month follow-up for the families of adolescents with diabetes who participated in a trial of Behavioral-Family Systems Therapy (BFST). (
  • We have evaluated the application of Robin and Foster's ( 12 ) integration of Behavioral-Family Systems Therapy (BFST) for families of adolescents with diabetes. (
  • Dr. Miller served for over 20 years as Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Chief of Child and Adolescent Psychology, Director of the Adolescent Depression and Suicide Program, and Associate Director of Psychology Training at Montefiore Medical Center. (
  • Rats treated with PPA displayed restricted behavioral interest to a specific object among a group of objects, impaired social behavior, and impaired reversal in a T-maze task compared to controls given phosphate buffered saline. (
  • Over three consecutive years, Chinese junior secondary school students responded to the measures of parenting (perceived behavioral control and perceived psychological control), parent-child relational qualities and adolescent risk behavior (substance abuse, delinquency, self-harm behavior, and suicidal behavior). (
  • In line with the hypotheses, correlation and partial correlation analyses showed that parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities at Time 1 predicted adolescent risk behavior and their change at Time 3. (
  • Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. (
  • The impact of parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control on the academic achievement and self-esteem of African American and European American adolescents. (
  • A cross-national comparison of risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use: The United States and Australia. (
  • Longitudinal pathways linking family factors and sibling relationship qualities to adolescent substance use and sexual risk behaviors. (
  • They found that 28 percent of 7th to 12th graders indicated engaging in two or more risk behaviors, including regular or recent substance use, fighting, carrying a weapon, suicidal thoughts and ideation, and unprotected sexual intercourse. (
  • In a study using two large national data sets, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and Add Health, the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA 1999) found that teenagers who consume alcohol or take illicit drugs are more likely to engage in sex, to do so at a younger age, and to have several partners. (
  • Windle (1990) found that even when holding early substance use constant, early adolescent delinquency predicted later substance use. (
  • Individuals who begin having sex at earlier ages are exposed to risk for a greater length of time, are less likely to use contraception, have more sexual partners, and are involved in high risk sexual behavior, such as substance use before intercourse (Moore, et al. (
  • Adolescent risk behavior, such as substance use, delinquency, risky sexual behavior, violence, and school failure, increases the likelihood of adversity in many life domains: physical health, psychological well-being, and psychosocial development, as well as the stability of the society. (
  • Substance use disorders and disruptive behavior disorders. (
  • The results showed that greater paternal drug addiction and being HIV-positive, and the teen's perception of environmental hostility (discrimination and victimization) both were related to increased maladjustment and substance use by the adolescent. (
  • this, in turn, was linked to increased maladjustment and substance use by the adolescent. (
  • An enhanced perception of environmental hostility (discrimination and victimization), a weak father-child relationship, and greater maladjustment and substance use by the teens were identified as direct pathways to adolescent sexual risk behavior. (
  • The importance of perceived environmental hostility, the father-child relationship and adolescent maladjustment and substance use may have implications for public policy as well as prevention and treatment programs. (
  • Special attention needs to be directed toward youth at greatest risk for disordered eating behaviors, such as overweight youth, youth engaging in substance use behaviors, and youth with psychological concerns such as low self-esteem and depressive symptoms. (
  • Most temporally primary (based on retrospective age-of-onset reports) fear/anger, distress, disruptive behavior, and substance disorders significantly predict elevated odds of subsequent suicidal behaviors in bivariate models. (
  • Regarding the different contributions of fathers and mothers to adolescent risk behavior, results showed that maternal influence predicted changes in adolescent substance abuse and delinquency whereas paternal influence predicted adolescent deliberate self-harm and suicidal behavior over time. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics has suggested that portrayals of sex on entertainment television (TV) may contribute to precocious adolescent sex. (
  • Robert L. Hendren, D.O., is Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics and Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in Piscataway, New Jersey. (
  • Despite efforts to educate about the risks of HIV and AIDS in schools, it is clear that more is needed to prompt adolescents to speak up and take the next step of getting tested," said Hina J. Talib, M.D., adolescent medicine physician at The Children's Hospital at Montefiore and assistant professor of pediatrics at Einstein. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics has argued that media representations of sexuality may influence teen sexual behavior. (
  • Family influences on gambling behavior are conceptualized in the following five domains: (1) family sociodemographic factors, (2) general family climate, (3) family members' attitudes and behaviors, (4) parenting practices, and (5) family relationship characteristics. (
  • We surveyed oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among adolescents with diabetes in order to inform potential intervention strategies. (
  • Levels of engagement in dangerous behaviors were measured by a survey that included questions about the teens' thrill seeking behaviors, reckless behaviors, rebellious behaviors and antisocial behaviors. (
  • Be mindful of the difference between logical consequences (which are directly linked to students' behavior and focus on corrective guidance and modelling to promote learning and behavior change) and punishment (which focus on short-term compliance). (
  • Using data from the NLSY79 and its young adult supplement, we find little evidence that mother's employment early in the child's life has lasting consequences on participation in risky behaviors. (
  • Reducing the amount of sexual content in entertainment programming, reducing adolescent exposure to this content, or increasing references to and depictions of possible negative consequences of sexual activity could appreciably delay the initiation of coital and noncoital activities. (
  • The consequences of adolescent chronic unpredictable stress exposure on brain and behavior. (
  • To protect adolescents from the consequences of their decisions, modern societies deploy a range of tools. (
  • Educational programs inform adolescents of the risks and consequences of their behaviors in the hope that they will limit dangerous behaviors on their own. (
  • Most literature on adolescent consequences of risky behaviors focuses on risky behaviors as outcomes, with some studies examining other outcomes such as educational attainment and employment. (
  • Each adolescent risk behavior also has some very specific consequences. (
  • We present these consequences, categorized under the relevant adolescent risk behavior. (
  • 2. Which short- and longer term consequences can be expected from improved self control over brain activation upon aggressive and antisocial behavior problems? (
  • Unhealthy weight control practices and other disordered eating behaviors have potentially harmful consequences for all adolescents and are associated with negative psychological well-being ( 39 ), nutritional inadequacy ( 10 , 15 , 22 ), and the later onset of eating disorders ( 19 , 27 ) and obesity ( 38 ). (
  • The potential consequences of unhealthy weight control practices for adolescents with type 1 diabetes are of particular concern since these practices are associated with poorer metabolic control ( 8 , 13 , 32 , 41 ). (
  • In light of these changes, teens will benefit from learning healthy weight-control practices and avoiding the consequences of unhealthy behaviors. (
  • Health consequences associated with extreme weight control behaviors (EWCB) can include (Neumark-Sztainer et al. (
  • These digital technologies may facilitate dangerous behaviors and serious consequences for some youth. (
  • We estimate effects by gender and focus on behaviors that are important for socioeconomic and health trajectories and represent early observable consequences of the reforms for the next generation. (
  • For such behaviors as ever having had sexual intercourse (among Hispanic males and black females), using the pill and using the condom (among all females) and having four or more lifetime sexual partners (among white males), a significant trend was found in one survey while a similar but nonsignificant trend was found in another. (
  • In the 1980s, national surveys documented increases in rates of initiation of sexual intercourse for both adolescent females and males, gains in condom use and decreases in oral contraceptive use. (
  • Females reported significantly higher levels of anxiety disorder symptoms and depressive symptoms than males at both annual assessments, while no sex differences were found for aggressive behavior. (
  • Factors associated with the risk behaviors were examined separately for females and males, using bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. (
  • Future reproductive health programs should continue to target adolescents in venues other than schools and churches, and should also address the varying needs of females and males. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -The study population included 70 adolescent females and 73 adolescent males with type 1 diabetes who completed the AHEAD (Assessing Health and Eating among Adolescents with Diabetes) survey. (
  • The pubertal changes in body shape and weight predispose some adolescent females to develop unhealthy eating attitudes ( 42 ). (
  • 45 adolescents (40 male and 5 females) participated in the study. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the context of pregnancy and sexual health among adolescent females with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). (
  • This paper reports on a subset of females who described abusive male partners' explicit pregnancy-promoting behaviors (ie, messages and behaviors that led females to believe their partner was actively trying to impregnate them). (
  • How do problem behaviors develop in adolescents? (
  • it also suggests that policies that seek to inform adolescents of the risks, costs, and benefits of unexperienced dangerous behaviors may be effective and, when appropriate, could be used to complement policies that limit their experiences. (
  • El Halabi, S. and Salameh, P. (2019) Incorporating HPS Model into Lebanese Public Schools: Comparison of Adolescents' Smoking, Alcohol and Drug Use Behavior in HPS versus Other Public and Private Schools in Lebanon. (
  • Help students who display disruptive behavior develop alternative behaviors. (
  • In the past, disruptive behavior disorders were often attributed to a lack of willpower or general "badness" in children and adolescents. (
  • Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents comprehensively reviews current research and clinical observations on this timely topic. (
  • Although a multiauthored volume, Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents succeeds in providing thorough and readable chapters covering the terrains of biology, psychology and social forces-and how they impact these problems. (
  • Measures of behavior included observations of on task behavior and disruptive behavior. (
  • Due perhaps to the structured nature of the classroom the adolescents did not demonstrate significant disruptive behavior. (
  • The rates of both health-risk behaviors were significantly higher for those reporting risk factors, and the strengths of associations varied by sex. (
  • Parental support was protective against both health-risk behaviors for both sexes. (
  • Effective prevention programs to reduce smoking and drinking among adolescents should recognize that health-risk behaviors may be associated with other negative life experiences and that the strength of these associations differs by sex. (
  • Drawing on the leading experts in the field, this reference provides a survey and assessment of adolescent health risk behaviors, such as smoking, violence, teen pregnancy, and AIDS. (
  • At each wave, students responded to measures assessing their current risk behaviors, including delinquency, use of different types of drug, and their intentions of participating in risk behaviors in the future. (
  • Adolescents engage in a wide range of risky behaviors that their older peers shun, and at an enormous cost. (
  • Adolescents who drank in a heavy manner were more likely than lighter drinkers to be involved in a variety of delinquent acts and to show aggressive behavior, such as physically attacking people or destroying property. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether real-time fMRI feedback is effective in the treatment of aggressive behavior problems in adolescents with high callous unemotional traits when compared to treatment as usual. (
  • In this study, which is part of the European research project MATRICS (Multidisciplinary Approaches to Translational Research), the investigators focus on testing an innovative, non-pharmacological therapeutic approach for adolescents with a specific, difficult to treat subtype of aggressive behavior problems. (
  • Adolescents who behave aggressively are more likely to drink alcohol and in larger quantities than their peers, according to a recent study completed in Finland. (
  • The study investigated the association between psychosocial problems and alcohol use among 4074 Finnish 13- to 18-year-old adolescents. (
  • Gaps in the current literature and recommendations for future research are discussed to help inform the study of family influences on adolescent gambling behavior. (
  • Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM), the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) were compared. (
  • Therefore, the present study reports the effects of BFST at 6 and 12 months of follow-up on measures of parent-adolescent relationships and adolescents' psychological adjustment to diabetes, adherence to the diabetes regimen, and diabetic control. (
  • Emotional Dynamics in the Development of Early Adolescent Psychopathology: A One-Year Longitudinal Study. (
  • From family socialization theory, it is hypothesized in this study that parents, as models and as agents of socialization, influence the development of various types of drinking behaviors in their children. (
  • A new study using brain imaging to study teen behavior indicates that adolescents who engage in dangerous activities have frontal white matter tracts that are more adult in form than their more conservative peers. (
  • The present study investigated the longitudinal impact of the Project PATHS, a large-scale curriculum-based positive youth development program in Hong Kong, on the development of adolescents' risk behavior over a period of five years. (
  • The proposed study aims to evaluate in a randomized controlled trial the efficacy of DBT + pharmacotherapy as compared with CABS SOC psychotherapy + pharmacotherapy over 2 year followup among adolescents (age 12-18) with BP (n=100). (
  • Dr. Rathus has developed and conducted programs in DBT for adolescents and adults as well as males referred for intimate partner violence, and has received foundation and university funding to study, adapt, and develop assessment tools for DBT. (
  • This is the largest long-term study of bullying behavior," said Dr. Nadine Connell, assistant professor of criminology and co-author of the paper. (
  • This is a qualitative study using a purposive sampling methodology to interview HIV-positive female adolescents who have experienced physical and/or sexual abuse. (
  • This study will evaluate a treatment for trichotillomania, or compulsive hair pulling, in children and adolescents. (
  • This study is a larger, more rigorous examination of whether BT can successfully treat children and adolescents with TTM. (
  • The objective of this study was to assess older siblings' influence on sexual behavior of high school adolescents in Mekelle, northern Ethiopia in 2017-2018. (
  • A cross-sectional study design was used, and a total of 285 adolescents who had ever had sex were sampled randomly from selected schools. (
  • Given the weak intrinsic reading motivation of many adolescents on the one hand and the importance of this type of motivation for reading competence on the other hand, the aim of the present study is to identify the related role of teacher behavior. (
  • A new longitudinal study from the Netherlands sought to determine if these behaviors are related and whether certain brain regions can predict them. (
  • The study found that the two behaviors may be related and that both behaviors may be motivated by teenagers' efforts to have fun. (
  • We sought to test the pathways that support adolescents' development of rebellious and helpful behaviors," explains Neeltje E. Blankenstein, a postdoctoral researcher at Leiden University, who was first author of the study. (
  • The study also found that more risk-taking behavior was predicted by greater increases in what the authors termed fun seeking-the tendency to seek out fun and exciting activities. (
  • This study investigated the social status (i.e., popularity, likeability, and friendships) of adolescents with an early onset of externalizing behavior (i.e., alcohol use, tobacco use, and antisocial behavior). (
  • A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with 1,139 adolescents aged 14 to 19 years attending public and private high schools in Cuiabá, Midwestern Brazil. (
  • A total of 2.517 adolescents (aged 14-19 years) from public high schools participated of the study. (
  • STUDY POPULATION: A nationally representative sample of 6728 adolescents in grades 5 to 12 who completed the Commonwealth Fund surveys of the health of adolescent girls and boys. (
  • The current study explored the relationships between parenting practices and adolescent drug use. (
  • This study examined the neurobiological development of neural systems implicated in reward-seeking behaviors. (
  • The study recruited index patients from the Achieving blood pressure Control Together (ACT) study who reported living with an adolescent ages 12-17 years old. (
  • Index patients and adolescents were recruited for in-depth interviews and were asked about any family-level changes to diet and physical activity behaviors during or after participation in the ACT study. (
  • Changes in family functioning due to study participation were not endorsed by index patients or adolescents. (
  • Here we administered propionic acid (PPA), a short chain fatty acid that is used as a food preservative and also is a metabolic end-product of enteric bacteria in the gut, to adolescent (41 ± 4 days) male rats in a study of restricted/repetitive behavior, social behavior, and cognition. (
  • Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with adolescent risky sexual behavior among school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (
  • Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among randomly selected school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (
  • Conclusion: This study demonstrated that peer pressure is the most important factor associated with risky sexual behavior among school adolescents in Addis Ababa. (
  • The purpose of this study was to explore a possible correlation between internet use behavior and occurrence of palpitations and related symptoms among a representative cohort of adolescents from the north-west region of Romania. (
  • Lazea C, Popa A, Varga C. Association between Internet Use Behavior and Palpitation among Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study of Middle School Children from Northwest Romania. (
  • Additionally, some research suggests that dosage may affect outcome.For example, higher doses may improve behavior: lower, cognitive performance.This study attempts to assess both of these questions. (
  • This study also addresses the question of ADHD in adolescents. (
  • How study was done: Classroom behaviors were defined and students had time to work at school to complete assignments. (
  • Most adolescents in the study also individually showed improvement. (
  • Of special interest to this follow-up study is to gain more knowledge on their capacity to regulate emotions, since failures in emotion regulation is an underlying mechanism of repetitive self-harm behaviours and several other difficulties, and since a main aim of DBT-A is to enhance adolescents capacity to use healthy emotion regulation strategies. (
  • A new study by a University of Missouri human development expert describes how adolescents' developing personalities and coping habits affect their behaviors toward others. (
  • On the other hand, planning ahead to study for tests or complete homework is a problem-focused coping technique that can help adolescents effectively ease academic stress. (
  • The study, "The interplay of emotional instability, empathy, and coping on prosocial and aggressive behaviors," was published in Personality and Individual Differences . (
  • This study aims to determine various factors that influence adolescent sexual behavior and the need for services, in order to provide policy direction for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health services. (
  • van Rosmalen-Nooijens K, Lo Fo Wong S, Prins J, Lagro-Janssen T. Young People, Adult Worries: Randomized Controlled Trial and Feasibility Study of the Internet-Based Self-Support Method "Feel the ViBe" for Adolescents and Young Adults Exposed to Family Violence. (
  • This study was undertaken to address the extent to which the HPS model was able to produce changes in the risk behaviors of adolescents (Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use) and prepare them to respond to evolving health challenges. (
  • Datasets from the School Health Promotion Study from 1996 to 2007 and the Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey from 1981 to 2007 were used. (
  • The School Health Promotion Study is an anonymous classroom survey among adolescents in the 8th and 9th grades (ages 14-16). (
  • Overall, the results from this study suggest that the intergenerational effects of welfare reform on adolescent behaviors were unfavorable, particularly for boys, and do not support longstanding arguments that incentivizing maternal employment by limiting cash assistance leads to responsible behavior in the next generation. (
  • Legally enforced age limits on gambling, drinking, driving, smoking, being able to open a bank account, and make medical decisions all limit adolescent engagement in high-risk behaviors. (
  • Furthermore, healthcare costs for adolescents with BP exceed those for other adolescent psychiatric conditions. (
  • We speculated that specific neuropsychological deficits and temperamental factors could predispose patients to SIB and prospectively explored adolescent psychiatric patients with and without SIB in order to find out differences in psychopathology, and neuropsychological or temperamental factors. (
  • Adolescent girls with psychiatric disease and SIB were more severely traumatized and depressed. (
  • All had a primary diagnosis of ADHD.The adolescents were took part in a summer treatment program for adolescents at Eastern Psychiatric Institute and Clinic at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (
  • The patients were randomly allocated to receive 16 weeks of outpatient DBT or EUC in child and adolescent psychiatric clinics in Oslo. (
  • Subjects were asked about dieting, extreme weight control behaviors such as fasting, using food substitutes and skipping meals, and binge eating with loss of control. (
  • Risky weight-control practices, or disordered eating practices, can also be known as extreme weight control behaviors (EWCB). (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -A total of 119 families of adolescents with type 1 diabetes were randomized to 3 months of treatment with either BFST, an education and support (ES) group, or current therapy (CT). (
  • SAMPLING AND METHODS: Ninety-nine psychically ill adolescent girls with SIB, aged 12-19 years and treated at our clinic, were prospectively recruited during a period of 5.5 years (1999-2005). (
  • Are the methods of suicide used by children and adolescents different from those of adults? (
  • Knowing that these kinds of correlations exist may help us develop methods of identifying and slowing the risk of criminal behavior. (
  • In 2015 for the first time, CDC's national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) included two measures of sexual orientation - sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts - providing an opportunity to examine discordance and how it relates to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among a nationally representative sample. (
  • Adolescent health involves different professional perspectives and is of high public health importance, particularly reproductive health. (
  • Improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. (
  • The Urban Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Social and Behavior Change Communications (SBCC) Implementation Kit provides a selection of Essential Elements and tools to guide the creation, or strengthening, of SRH social and SBCC programmes for urban adolescents aged 10 to 19. (
  • The report will also offer recommendations on ways that the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) can use its role to foster the adoption of promising elements of youth-focused programs in the initiatives it oversees such as mental and physical health, adolescent development, and reproductive health and teen pregnancy. (
  • Describe the trends related to adolescent sexual and reproductive health in the United States. (
  • Characterize how the law affects adolescents' access to reproductive health care. (
  • Perhaps in no other single area has there been as dramatic a change in the past decade as in adolescent sexual and reproductive health. (
  • Indonesian adolescents are currently experiencing increased vulnerability to various health risk threats, especially those related to sexual and reproductive health, including increased threats from HIV/AIDS. (
  • Though adults find ambiguous monetary lotteries undesirable, adolescents find them tolerable. (
  • We know that younger children show risk-related behaviors clearly distinct from those of adults ( 8 ⇓ - 10 ). (
  • Adolescents in the United States have a higher proportion of pregnancies that are unintended and that end in abortion than do adults. (
  • Now, adolescents aren't expected to act like adults until they are in their twenties, when they have finished their education and found a career. (
  • Compared with suicides by adults, railway suicides and jump-ing from heights were significantly higher in the child and adolescent age-group. (
  • For example, the mothers decided how much they agreed that "One of my neighbors would do something if they saw someone trying to sell drugs to a child or youth in plain sight," and the adolescents indicated whether they had adults from whom they could ask for advice. (
  • The results show exaggerated accumbens activity, relative to prefrontal activity in adolescents, compared with children and adults, which appeared to be driven by different time courses of development for these regions. (
  • Accumbens activity in adolescents looked like that of adults in both extent of activity and sensitivity to reward values, although the magnitude of activity was exaggerated. (
  • In contrast, the extent of orbital frontal cortex activity in adolescents looked more like that of children than adults, with less focal patterns of activity. (
  • To explore mechanisms by which African-American adults' (referred to as index patients) participation in a hypertension disease management trial influences adolescent family members' (referred to as adolescents) lifestyle behaviors. (
  • Because of these differences, particularly rapid and continuing adolescent development and dependence on adults and caregivers, different policies and practices are required. (
  • The role of psychosocial protective factors in adolescent health-enhancing behaviors--healthy diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep, good dental hygiene, and seatbelt use--was investigated among 1,493 Hispanic, White, and Black high school students in a large, urban school district. (
  • An efficacious, cost-effective psychosocial intervention for adolescents with bipolar disorder has great potential to decrease the substantial morbidity, mortality and costs associated with adolescent bipolar disorder. (
  • DBT holds promise for adolescents with BP given shared treatment targets including suicidality and psychosocial functioning. (
  • Socio-demographic data, psychosocial factors and health behavior were assessed via questionnaire. (
  • For adolescents who are 14 and younger, consuming alcohol or using drugs doubles and quadruples, respectively, the likelihood that sexual intercourse has ever been experienced compared to adolescents who have never used these substances. (
  • To describe rates of sexual intercourse initiation, anticipated level of sexual activity in the next 12 months, and other risk behaviors among fifth graders and to examine parental factors associated with such behaviors. (
  • Children answered questions regarding sexual intercourse initiation, anticipated sexual activity in the next 12 months, and involvement in other risk behaviors. (
  • Adolescents are initiating sexual intercourse at extremely young ages. (
  • Discordant students were 70 percent more likely to have experienced nonfatal suicidal behaviors during the past 12 months compared with concordant students and 60 percent after excluding students who had experienced forced sexual intercourse. (
  • Higher risk for nonfatal suicidal behaviors was found for discordant students who were bullied on school property, who experienced forced sexual intercourse, and who self-identified as gay/lesbian than their analogous counterparts. (
  • This is important because it helps us gauge whether bullying is a risk factor for determining continued adverse behavior well into late-middle adulthood. (
  • Sometimes such support comes in the form of a prevention or intervention program designed to capitalize on the rapid, formative changes that occur during this period so as to encourage healthy behaviors that will follow the adolescent through adulthood. (
  • Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19 , 165-174. (
  • Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. (
  • Alternatively, parents may be able to reduce the effects of sexual content by watching TV with their teenaged children and discussing their own beliefs about sex and the behaviors portrayed. (
  • Despite being older, stronger, and healthier than children, adolescents face twice the risk of mortality and morbidity faced by their younger peers. (
  • Whatever psychological features give rise to these behaviors, they do not reflect flawed reasoning capabilities or generally poor decision-making skills-those are much improved in adolescents compared with younger children ( 7 ). (
  • Why do adolescents make choices that dramatically increase their morbidity and mortality rates compared with younger children ( 11 )? (
  • Once the children were adolescents, the teens themselves provided information on their drinking and drug use. (
  • We consider parental reputation in a repeated two-stage game in which adolescents decide whether to give a teen birth or drop out of high school, and given adolescent decisions, the parent decides whether to house and support his children beyond age 18. (
  • Drawing on the work of Milgrom and Roberts (1982) and Kreps and Wilson (1982), we show that the parent has, under certain conditions, the incentive to penalize older children for their teenage risky behaviors in order to dissuade the younger children from the same risky behaviors. (
  • The model generates two empirical implications: the likelihood of teen risky behaviors and parental transfers to a child who engaged in teen risky behaviors will decrease with the number of remaining children at risk. (
  • Several new studies shed further light on suicidal behavior in children and adolescents. (
  • Risk factors for suicide in children and adolescents have been a strong research focus. (
  • Although much needed attention has been given to victims of bullying, this research indicates that early intervention on behalf of children who are at risk of exhibiting bullying behavior may also stem the tide of criminal behavior years down the road. (
  • Parental factors associated with fewer risk behaviors and expected sexual behaviors included higher levels of monitoring, fewer communication barriers, less permissive attitudes regarding adolescent sexual behavior, higher relationship quality with child, having fewer than five children in the household, higher levels of education, and being employed. (
  • And when dealing with children and adolescents, psychological assessment can present even greater challenges. (
  • Therefore, this text - now in its second edition - provides a welcome and timely review of personality and behavior in children and adolescents within a context of the psychological knowledge base necessary for contemporary assessment practice. (
  • And when dealing with children and adolescents, psychological assessment seems to take on an even greater role. (
  • Path analysis was based on the nationwide, cross-sectional German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (2003 to 2006). (
  • Lämmle L, Woll A, Mensink GBM, Bös K. Distal and Proximal Factors of Health Behaviors and Their Associations with Health in Children and Adolescents. (
  • Many have asked if medications such as Ritalin (methylphenidate) improve academic achievement in children and adolescents with ADHD. (
  • For information on younger children with sexual behavior problems, readers are referred to Report of the ATSA Task Force on Children with Sexual Behavior Problems 4 . (
  • What causes suicidal behavior in children? (
  • How do doctors treat suicidal behavior in children? (
  • In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 15-52). (
  • Parental socialization factors, particularly support and to a lesser degree control, were also shown to have an effect on the development of adolescent drinking behaviors. (
  • Multivariate longitudinal analysis using generalized estimating equation logistic regression showed adolescent sexual behavior was more likely to occur with adolescent alcohol use, lack of parental monitoring, and poorer physical functioning of HIV-positive mothers. (
  • Despite this, although a considerable body of research has examined parental and peer influence, comparable data on older sibling influence on younger adolescent sexual behaviors are scant, and this area needs in-depth analysis. (
  • Parental monitoring: association with adolescents' risk behaviors. (
  • Weight control/disordered eating behaviors were not associated with age, parental level of education, family structure, or race/ethnicity. (
  • Parental Communication as a Tool Kit for Preventing Sexual Abuse among Adolescent Secondary School Students. (
  • Violating the self: Parental psychological control of early adolescents and adolescents. (
  • Is this normal adolescent behavior? (
  • All my readings suggest this is not normal adolescent behavior. (
  • You are correct - this is not normal adolescent behavior.You should arrange an evaluation with a mental health clinician who specializes in the treatment of adolescents. (
  • Normal Adolescent Behavior is a 2007 American teen drama film written and directed by Beth Schacter. (
  • Normal Adolescent Behavior premiered on Lifetime Television on September 1, 2007. (
  • Heterosexual genital sexual activity among adolescent males: 1988 and 1995. (
  • Results indicated that effective parenting practices had a direct protective effect in terms of adolescent drug use and that the protective effect of parenting practices remained significant including the effects of parenting on adolescent drug-related knowledge, attitudes and perceived norms in a structural equation model. (
  • Adolescent sexual behavior is influenced by a complex set of interactions of biology and genetics, individual perceptions, personality characteristics, and sociocultural norms and values. (
  • Compared with community norms, both HRQoL and behavior measures in triplets were in the normal range. (
  • Some scholars feel that adolescents may turn to the media as a "sexual super peer" when seeking information about sexual norms and adult roles given the lack of information about sexuality readily available to them. (
  • Another example of adolescent risky behaviors occurring in conjunction with each other comes from research using the 1998 NHSDA (OAS, 2000). (
  • Common weight-control practices by adolescents can be either healthy (health-promoting behaviors) or risky (risk-taking behaviors) (Story, Neumark-Sztainer, Sherwood, Stang, & Murray, 1998). (
  • Further, rebellious behavior and prosocial behavior were positively related to one another, even when controlling for age-that is, the more risk-taking behavior an adolescent showed, the more likely he or she was to behave prosocially. (
  • At the same time, this fun-seeking trait also predicted more prosocial behavior, suggesting that fun seeking leads some adolescents to develop risk-taking behavior and others to develop prosocial behavior. (
  • and (2) to test whether individual differences in pubertal development and risk-taking behavior were contributors to longitudinal change in nucleus accumbens activity. (
  • Moreover, longitudinal analyses give information about how individual differences in neural activity covary with risk-taking behavior over time ( Crone and Elzinga, 2015 ). (
  • Specifically, we examined whether differences in the development of subcortical [e.g., nucleus accumbens (NAcc)] relative to prefrontal [e.g., orbital frontal cortex (OFC)] regions may characterize this period of development to help explain the increase in risk-taking behavior. (
  • Weekly attendance at religious services was protective against all three risk behaviors for both genders, with the exception of inconsistent or no condom use among males. (
  • Among male adolescents, the main factors associated with risk behaviors were: type of school, class schedule, education level of the household head, weight status, and self-perceived health status. (
  • CI95%=2.25-3.69) and pre-contemplation (OR=2.91;CI 95%=2.16-4.00) stages compared to male adolescents. (
  • This research builds on emerging evidence of the health disparities transgender adolescents experience by examining subgroup differences in suicide behavior. (
  • Trends over time and gender differences were similar across surveys, underscoring their value for tracking adolescent sexual behaviors. (
  • During two years after the completion of the program, differences in youth risk behaviors in the two groups still existed. (
  • Gender differences in health and risk behaviors among bisexual and homosexual adolescents. (
  • Sex differences also emerged in motivation for engaging in these behaviors. (
  • Young people concerned about their weight should be provided with support for healthful eating and physical activity behaviors that can be implemented on a long-term basis, and should be steered away from the use of unhealthy weight control practices. (
  • Childhood obesity disparities and poor diet and physical activity behaviors contribute to CVD disparities throughout the life course. (
  • Therefore, there is real concern about youth with type 1 diabetes who are engaging in unhealthy weight control practices and other disordered eating behaviors, regardless of whether prevalences differ between individuals with and without diabetes. (
  • Fifty percent of girls use unhealthy weight-control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking, vomiting, and taking laxatives. (
  • Unhealthy sexual behavior among adolescents, especially unmarried adolescents, is increasing. (