Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Intrauterine Devices, Medicated: Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Contraceptives, Oral, Combined: Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Ethinyl Estradiol: A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Desogestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Pregnancy, Tubal: The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Maternal Death: The death of the female parent.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human: The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.Lecture NotesNorth CarolinaAudiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Expert Systems: Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Luteolytic Agents: Chemical compounds causing LUTEOLYSIS or degeneration.Triptorelin Pamoate: A potent synthetic long-acting agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-tryptophan substitution at residue 6.Universal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.Drug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Patient Isolation: The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Refrigeration: The mechanical process of cooling.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Femininity: Female-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Pharmacy: The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Salpingitis: Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
(1/57) Three dimensional ultrasound and power doppler in assessment of uterine and ovarian angiogenesis: a prospective study.

AIM: To determine whether three-dimensional power Doppler can improve the recognition of pelvic tumor morphology and angiogenesis. METHODS: Using this technique we analyzed 180 adnexal masses and 110 uterine lesions. Tumor volume, morphology, and vascularity were evaluated in each patient. Irregular and randomly dispersed vessels with complex branching depicted by comprehensive three dimensional display were suggestive of pelvic malignancy, while linear-like vascular morphology, single vessel arrangement and regular branching were typical for benign structures. RESULTS: Addition of qualitative analysis of vascular architecture of adnexal tumor to morphological parameters reached 96.15% sensitivity and 98.73% specificity. When endometrial lesions were prospectively analyzed, sensitivity and specificity were 91.67% and 98.49%, respectively. Because the lowest positive predictive value of 16.67% was obtained for myometrial lesions, this method should not be advised for their eva luation. CONCLUSION: Good results achieved by three dimensional ultrasound can be explained by improved recognition of the pelvic lesion anatomy, characterization of the surface features, detection of the tumor infiltration, and precise depiction of the size and volume. Three dimensional power Doppler imaging can detect structural abnormalities of the malignant tumor vessels, such as arteriovenous shunts, microaneurysms, tumoral lakes, disproportional calibration, coiling, and dichotomous branching. Therefore it enhances and facilitates the morphologic and functional evaluation of both benign and malignant pelvic tumors.  (+info)

(2/57) The prognostic role of salpingoscopy in laparoscopic tubal surgery.

The present study was designed to evaluate the prognostic value of salpingoscopy in patients undergoing tubal laparoscopic surgery for infertility due to periadnexal adhesion or distal tubal occlusion. In addition, the clinical value of salpingoscopy was compared with a current classification system of adnexal adhesions and distal tubal occlusion. A total of 51 patients with either adnexal adhesions (24 patients) or hydrosalpinx (27 patients) were prospectively evaluated. Salpingoscopy was performed concomitantly with salpingo-ovariolysis or salpingoneostomy at the time of operative laparoscopy. There was no significant correlation between salpingoscopic classes and the classification system used for both the salpingo-ovariolysis and the salpingoneostomy groups of patients. The patients had a mean follow-up of 33 months. Patients with a normal tubal mucosa (salpingoscopic classes I and II) had a 71% cumulative term pregnancy rate in the salpingo-ovariolysis group and a 64% cumulative term pregnancy rate in the salpingoneostomy group. No intrauterine pregnancies were obtained in patients with intratubal damage (salpingoscopic classes III to V). There was a statistically significant correlation between the occurrence of a term pregnancy and the salpingoscopic classes, but not with the classification system used. These results suggest that patients with tubal infertility should be offered operative laparoscopy with salpingoscopy as the first step of treatment.  (+info)

(3/57) What do contrast media add to three-dimensional power Doppler evaluation of adnexal masses?

AIM: To investigate the potential usefulness of contrast-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler sonography in the differentiation of benign and malignant adnexal lesions. METHODS: Thirty one patients with complex adnexal lesions of uncertain malignancy at transvaginal B-mode and/or color Doppler sonography were prospectively evaluated with three-dimensional power Doppler sonography before and after injection of a contrast agent. Presence of a penetrating pattern and a mixed penetrating and/or peripheral pattern suggested adnexal malignancy. The results were compared with histopathologic findings. RESULTS: There were 10 cases of ovarian malignancy and 21 benign adnexal lesions. Of 10 ovarian cancers, 6 showed vascular distribution suggestive of malignancy at nonenhanced 3D power Doppler sonography. After injection of contrast agent, a penetrating vascular pattern and/or mixed penetrating and peripheral pattern were detected in all cases of ovarian malignancy as well as in 2 benign lesions (fibroma and cystadenofibroma), which were misdiagnosed as malignant. The use of contrast agent with three-dimensional power Doppler sonography showed diagnostic efficiency of 96.7%, superior to that of nonenhanced 3D power Doppler sonography (93.5%). CONCLUSION: Contrast-enhanced 3D power Doppler sonography provides better visualization of tumor vascularity in complex adnexal masses. If used together with 3D morphological ultrasound assessment, enhanced 3D power Doppler imaging may precisely discriminate benign from malignant adnexal lesions.  (+info)

(4/57) Transvaginal color Doppler assessment of venous flow in adnexal masses.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the usefulness of transvaginal color Doppler assessment of venous flow in the differential diagnosis of adnexal masses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-one consecutive patients (mean age: 46.6 years, range: 16-81 years) diagnosed as having an adnexal mass were evaluated by transvaginal color Doppler sonography prior to surgery. Color Doppler was used to detect and analyze the flow velocity waveform from arterial and venous blood flow within the tumor. For arterial signals the resistance index and peak systolic velocity, and for veins the maximum venous flow velocity, were calculated. Receiver operator characteristic curves were plotted to determine the best venous flow velocity cut-off. According to our previous study using arterial Doppler, a tumor was considered as malignant when flow was detected and the lowest resistance index was < or = 0.45. Using venous Doppler a mass was considered as malignant when flow was detected and the venous flow velocity was > or = the best cut-off found on the receiver operator characteristic curve. Definitive histopathological diagnosis was obtained in all cases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for B-mode morphology (evaluation performed according to Sassone's scoring system), arterial Doppler, venous Doppler, and a combination of both arterial and venous Doppler were calculated. RESULTS: Twenty-five masses (27.5%) were malignant and 66 (72.5%) benign. Arterial and venous flow was found more frequently in malignant than in benign masses (92% vs. 41% (P < 0.001) and 72% vs. 21% (P < 0.001), respectively). The resistance index was significantly lower in malignant tumors (0.42 vs. 0.60, P = 0.0003). No differences were found in peak systolic velocity. Venous flow velocity was significantly higher in malignant masses (18.1 cm/s vs. 8.9 cm/s, P = 0.0006). The best cut-off of venous flow velocity was 10 cm/s. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for morphology, arterial Doppler, venous Doppler, and the combination of both arterial and venous Doppler were 92%, 71%, 45%, 96%; 76%, 95%, 87%, 91%; 68%, 94%, 81%, 89%; and 88%, 91%, 79%, 95%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that preoperative evaluation by venous flow assessment of adnexal masses may be useful to discriminate between malignant and benign tumors.  (+info)

(5/57) The Filshie clip for laparoscopic adnexal surgery.

BACKGROUND: Gynecologic endoscopic procedures are increasingly common and require the ability to control large vascular structures. METHOD: The Filshie clip is a silicone-lined, titanium occlusive device, originally designed and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for surgical contraception. This device also has the potential for occluding vascular structures during laparoscopic surgery. EXPERIENCE AND RESULTS: We describe a salpingectomy, an excision of bilateral hydrosalpinges, and a salpingo-oopherectomy. We performed all procedures laparoscopically using this device as the primary modality for assuring hemostasis. CONCLUSION: The Filshie clip is a useful and economical device for assuring hemostasis during gynecologic endoscopic surgery.  (+info)

(6/57) Reduction of post-surgical adhesions with ferric hyaluronate gel: a European study.

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a 0.5% ferric hyaluronate gel, in reducing adhesions in patients undergoing peritoneal cavity surgery by laparotomy, with a planned 'second-look' laparoscopy. METHODS: The study was a randomized (by computer-generated schedule), third party blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design conducted at five centres in Europe. Females aged 18-46 years received 300 ml ferric hyaluronate (n = 38) or lactated Ringer's (n = 39) as an intraperitoneal instillate at the completion of surgery. At second-look 6-12 weeks later, the presence of adhesions was evaluated at 24 abdominal sites. RESULTS: Patients treated with ferric hyaluronate had significantly fewer adhesions compared with controls. When adhesions formed, they were significantly less extensive and less severe in the treated group. The American Fertility Society score for adnexal adhesions was reduced by 69% in the treatment group compared with controls. The safety profile of ferric hyaluronate-treated patients was comparable with those treated with lactated Ringer's solution. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, ferric hyaluronate was safe and highly efficacious in reducing the number, severity and extent of adhesions throughout the abdomen following peritoneal cavity surgery.  (+info)

(7/57) Ovarian and adnexal torsion: spectrum of sonographic findings with pathologic correlation.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the spectrum of sonographic findings on gray scale and color Doppler sonography in a series of pathologically proven cases of ovarian and adnexal torsion. METHODS: The study population included 15 patients with surgical confirmation of ovarian or adnexal torsion, or both, who underwent sonographic examination before surgery. All sonograms were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Gray scale abnormalities included the following: complex masses in 11 (73%) of 15 patients, cystic masses in 3 (20%), and a solid mass in 1 (7%). Cul-de-sac fluid was present in 13 (87%) of 15 patients. Adnexal neoplasms were present in 4 (27%) of 15 (1 granulosa cell tumor and 3 dermoid cysts) on pathologic examination. Doppler findings were abnormal in 14 (93%) of 15 patients and normal in 1 (7%). Abnormal Doppler findings included no arterial and no venous flow in 6 (40%) of 15, decreased venous flow with no arterial flow in 5 (33%), decreased venous flow and decreased arterial flow in 2 (13%), and decreased arterial flow with no venous flow in 1 (7%). Small amounts of cul-de-sac fluid were present in 13 (87%) of 15 patients. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of ovarian and adnexal torsion remains challenging. It cannot be based solely on the absence or presence of flow on color Doppler sonography, because the presence of arterial or venous flow does not exclude the diagnosis of adnexal torsion. Comparison with the morphologic appearance and flow patterns of the contralateral ovary will aid in diagnosis.  (+info)

(8/57) Complex pelvic mass as a target of evaluation of vessel distribution by color Doppler sonography for the diagnosis of adnexal malignancies: results of a multicenter European study.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of gray scale sonography and color Doppler imaging in the differential diagnosis of adnexal malignancies from benign complex pelvic masses in a multicenter prospective study. METHODS: The study was performed as a collaborative work at 3 European university departments of obstetrics and gynecology. A total of 826 complex pelvic masses on which transvaginal sonography and evaluation of cancer antigen 125 plasma concentrations were performed before surgical exploration were included in the study. The scanning procedure was the same in the 3 institutions. An adnexal mass was first studied in gray scale sonography, and a probable histologic type was predicted. Second, solid excrescences or solid portions of the tumor were evaluated for vascular flow with color Doppler sonography (conventional or power). A mass was graded malignant if flow was shown within the excrescences or solid areas and benign if there was no flow. The overall agreement between the test result and the actual outcome was calculated by kappa statistics. RESULTS: Color Doppler evaluation was more accurate in the diagnosis of adnexal malignancies in comparison with gray scale sonography (kappa = 0.82 and 0.65, respectively) because of significantly higher specificity (0.94 versus 0.84; P < .001). The evaluation of the cancer antigen 125 plasma concentration did not seem to increase the accuracy of either method. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation of vessel distribution by color Doppler sonography in complex adnexal cysts seems to increase the diagnostic accuracy of gray scale sonography in the detection of adnexal malignancies in a large study population.  (+info)

*  List of MeSH codes (A05)
File "2006 MeSH Trees".) MeSH A05.360.319.114 --- adnexa uteri MeSH A05.360.319.114.170 --- broad ligament MeSH A05.360.319.114 ... uterus MeSH A05.360.319.679.256 --- cervix uteri MeSH A05.360.319.679.490 --- endometrium MeSH A05.360.319.679.490.373 --- ...
*  Uterine appendages
... adnexa of uterus) are the structures most closely related structurally and functionally to the uterus. They can be defined in ... adnexa). In this context, it replaces the terms oophoritis and salpingitis. The term adnexal mass is sometimes used when the ... slightly different ways: Some sources define the adnexa as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Others include the supporting ...
*  Friedrich Schauta
Schauta's operation: Surgical removal of the uterus and the adnexa (ovaries and oviducts). Schauta-Stoeckel operation: Vaginal ... Verhandlungen der deutschen Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie, 1893 - Indication and technique of adnexa operation. Sectio caesarea ... Schauta is remembered for introducing an operation for uterine cancer in which the uterus and ovaries are removed by way of the ...
*  Uterine sarcoma
... tumor extends beyond the uterus, but within the pelvis IIA: involves adnexa of uterus IIB: involves other pelvic tissues Stage ... Stage I: tumor is limited to the uterus IA: limited to endometrium/endocervix IB: invades 10 mitosis per high power field. In ... The uterine sarcomas form a group of malignant tumors that arises from the smooth muscle or connective tissue of the uterus. ... Stage I: tumor is limited to the uterus IA: ≤5 cm in greatest dimension IB: >5 cm Stage II: ...
*  Adnexa
More specifically, it can refer to: Adnexa of eye (accessory visual structures) Adnexa of uterus (uterine appendages) Adnexa of ... In anatomy, adnexa refers to the appendages of an organ. The term adnexa stems from a Latin word meaning appendages. ...
*  Adnexal mass
An adnexal mass is a lump in tissue of the adnexa of uterus (structures closely related structurally and functionally to the ... uterus such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or any of the surrounding connective tissue). Adnexal masses can be benign or ...
*  Edoardo Porro
Porro improved the so-called Cæsarean operation by excision of the uterus and adnexae, described in Della amputazione utero- ... cesarean section in which the uterus is lifted from the abdominal cavity before the fetus is extracted Porro-Veit operation - ... cesarean section followed by removal of the uterus, ovaries, and oviducts Porro-Müller operation - ...
*  Uterine clear-cell carcinoma
... but not beyond uterus IIIA Tumor invades serosa or adnexa IIIB Vaginal and/or parametrial involvement IIIC1 Pelvic node ... IA Tumor confined to the uterus, no or < ½ myometrial invasion IB Tumor confined to the uterus, > ½ myometrial invasion II ...
*  Medical ultrasound
This includes the uterus and ovaries or urinary bladder. Males are sometimes given a pelvic sonogram to check on the health of ... the adnexa, and the Pouch of Douglas. It commonly uses vaginal ultrasonography. Obstetrical sonography is commonly used during ... Gynecologic ultrasonography examines female pelvic organs (specifically the uterus, the ovaries, and the Fallopian tubes) as ...
*  List of ICD-9 codes 140-239: neoplasms
Corpus uteri, except isthmus Endometrial cancer (183) Malignant neoplasm of ovary and other uterine adnexa (184) Malignant ... Malignant neoplasm of uterus, part unspecified (180) Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri (181) Malignant neoplasm of placenta ( ... Other benign neoplasm of uterus (220) Benign neoplasm of ovary (221) Benign neoplasm of other female genital organs (222) ... 182) Malignant neoplasm of body of uterus (182.0) ...
*  Gynecologic ultrasonography
... specifically the uterus, the ovaries, and the Fallopian tubes) as well as the bladder, the adnexa, and the Pouch of Douglas. ... Transvaginal imaging utilizes a higher frequency imaging, which gives better resolution of the ovaries, uterus and endometrium ... portion of the exam is helpful because sound travels through fluid with less attenuation to better visualize the uterus and ...
*  ICD-10 Chapter II: Neoplasms
Leiomyoma of uterus Uterine fibroids (D26) Other benign neoplasms of uterus (D27) Benign neoplasm of ovary (D28) Benign ... Benign neoplasm of eye and adnexa (D32) Benign neoplasm of meninges (D33) Benign neoplasm of brain and other parts of central ... Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri (C54) Malignant neoplasm of corpus uteri (C54.1) Endometrial cancer (C55) Malignant neoplasm ... Carcinoma in situ of cervix uteri (D07) Carcinoma in situ of other and unspecified genital organs (D09) Carcinoma in situ of ...
*  List of ICD-9 codes 800-999: injury and poisoning
Injury to uterus without open wound into cavity (867.5) Injury to uterus with open wound into cavity (868) Injury to other ... Burn confined to eye and adnexa (941) Burn of face, head, and neck (942) Burn of trunk (943) Burn of upper limb, except wrist ... Open wound of ocular adnexa (871) Open wound of eyeball (872) Open wound of ear (873) Other open wound of head (874) Open wound ... Contusion of eye and adnexa (921.0) Black eye not otherwise specified (922) Contusion of trunk (923) Contusion of upper limb ( ...
*  Tunica (biology)
Embryology of the Eye and Its Adnexae. Publisher: S Karger 2001 ISBN 978-3805571791 Shu-Xin Zhang. An Atlas of Histology. ... and tunica mucosa uteri for the endometrium. Tunica muscularis refers to muscular layers in the walls of hollow organs such as ...
*  Ovarian cancer
Tubal ligation is protective because carcinogens are unable to reach the ovary and fimbriae via the vagina, uterus, and ... They include LR2 risk model, The Simple Rules risk (SRrisk) calculation and Assessment of Different Neoplasias in the Adnexa ( ... an operation in which the uterus, and sometimes the cervix, is removed). Age is also a risk factor. Use of fertility medication ...
Endodermal Sinus (Yolk Sac) Tumor of Broad Ligment Mesonephroma Adnexe Uteri  Endodermal Sinus (Yolk Sac) Tumor of Broad Ligment Mesonephroma Adnexe Uteri
By admin 1990 Broad Ligment Mesonephroma Adnexe Uteri, Endodermal Sinus, Tumor 0 Comments ... Endodermal Sinus (Yolk Sac) Tumor of Broad Ligment Mesonephroma Adnexe Uteri Khurram Ayub, Sabiha Riaz & Mohammad Saleem. ...
more infohttp://proceedings-szh.com/index.php/2015/09/01/endodermal-sinus-yolk-sac-tumor-of-broad-ligment-mesonephroma-adnexe-uteri/
Recent questions in Adnexa Uteri - lookformedical.com  Recent questions in Adnexa Uteri - lookformedical.com
... and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT). ... Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, ...
more infohttps://lookformedical.com/answers/en/questions/anatomy/urogenital-system/genitalia/genitalia-female/adnexa-uteri
Research Keyword Faculty Listing | Yale School of Medicine  Research Keyword Faculty Listing | Yale School of Medicine
Adnexa Uteri. Farinaz Seifi, MD, FACOG Assistant Professor. Research Interests. Adenomyosis; Adnexa Uteri; Adnexal Diseases; ...
more infohttps://medicine.yale.edu/research/listing.aspx?meshId=274
Free Anatomy Flashcards about Midterm-Medical Term  Free Anatomy Flashcards about Midterm-Medical Term
adnexa uteri. ovaries and fallopian tubes. monthly discharge of blood front the lining of the uterus. menstruation. ... area between the uterus and the rectum. cul-de-sac. excessive flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods. ...
more infohttps://www.studystack.com/flashcard-728520
Anatomy | Encyclopedia.com  Anatomy | Encyclopedia.com
... identifies it with the adnexa uteri and the broad ligaments. Leibowitz' identification is that the "chamber" is the womb; the " ... Finally, the reproductive system enables sperm and egg to unite and the egg to remain in the uterus or womb to develop into a ... 2:5) lists the chamber (ḥeder), antechamber (perozedor), upper chamber (aliyyah), and fallopian tube (adnexa). "The blood of ... Finally, the reproductive system enables sperm and egg to unite and the egg to remain in the uterus or womb to develop into a ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/anatomy-and-physiology/anatomy-and-physiology/anatomy
Celexa Chest Pain Side Effects  Celexa Chest Pain Side Effects
Adnexa Uteri Pain, Mood Swings, Feeling Abnormal, Chest Pain, Dizziness, Hot Flush, Palpitations ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/celexa/chest-pain.htm
What symptoms can Clomiphene cause?  What symptoms can Clomiphene cause?
Adnexa Uteri Pain (2). Blood Bilirubin Increased (2). Agitation (2). Anaemia (2). ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/clomiphene/
Feb2019: Adnexal Masses 5 cm in Diameter or Greater Extirpated During Cesarean Operation  Feb2019: Adnexal Masses 5 cm in Diameter or Greater Extirpated During Cesarean Operation
... adnexa uteri; cesarean delivery; cesarean section; cystic teratoma; ovarian tumor; teratoma; teratoma, cystic ... adnexal diseases; adnexal mass; adnexa uteri; cesarean delivery; cesarean section; cystic teratoma; ovarian tumor; teratoma; ...
more infohttp://www.reproductivemedicine.com/toc/auto_abstract.php?id=24742
Levonorgestrel Side Effects  Levonorgestrel Side Effects
Adnexa Uteri Mass, Ovarian Germ Cell Teratoma Benign. This report suggests a potential Levonorgestrel Adnexa Uteri Mass side ... After starting Levonorgestrel the patient began experiencing various side effects, including: Adnexa Uteri Mass, Ovarian Germ ... such as Adnexa Uteri Mass, may still occur.. Levonorgestrel Side Effect Report#9706724 Ovarian Cyst Ruptured, Ovarian Cyst, ...
more infohttp://www.patientsville.com/medication/levonorgestrel_side_effects.htm
Ectopic Pregnancy Imaging: Overview, Radiography, Computed Tomography  Ectopic Pregnancy Imaging: Overview, Radiography, Computed Tomography
Outwater EK, Talerman A, Dunton C. Normal adnexa uteri specimens: anatomic basis of MR imaging features. Radiology. 1996 Dec. ... TA examination enables better evaluation of the superior uterus and superiorly positioned adnexa. It may aid detection of free ... Simple free fluid and an empty uterus have a sensitivity of only 63% and a specificity of only 69%. [30] However, hyperechoic ... This view shows a color Doppler image of the adnexa with the ring-of-fire sign. Marked hyperemia is present throughout the wall ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/403062-overview
what is adnexa? - Ovarian Cancer - MedHelp  what is adnexa? - Ovarian Cancer - MedHelp
oddly enough, my ovaries are fine but the cancer has encased my my uterus, vagina, bladder and colon. i have been on chemo for ... I looked at the screen and it said 12cm adnexa...I also saw blue and red on the picture. The doctor said she is not sure what ... What does all this mean?? Is this adnexa the same as Ovary? I was in a state of shock...not because of this mass but because ...
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Expression of aquaporin water channels in canine fetal adnexa in respect to the regulation of amniotic fluid production and...  Expression of aquaporin water channels in canine fetal adnexa in respect to the regulation of amniotic fluid production and...
Absorption, Adnexa Uteri, Amniotic Fluid, Animals, Aquaporins, Dogs, Extraembryonic Membranes, Female, Pregnancy, Pregnancy, ... Expression of aquaporin water channels in canine fetal adnexa in respect to the regulation of amniotic fluid production and ... The presence of AQP1, 3, 5, 8 and -9 was immunohistochemically assessed in canine fetal adnexa, collected in early, middle and ... in canine fetal adnexa. AQPs are a family of integral membrane proteins permitting passive but physiologically rapid ...
more infohttp://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/826765/
Pregnancy and Child Essay - 1879 Words  Pregnancy and Child Essay - 1879 Words
1. Pregnancy = GESTATION 2. Adnexa uteri = OVARIES & FALLOPIAN TUBE 3. Incision of the perineum during childbirth = EPISIOTOMY ... m. Ladin's sign - Softening in the midline of the uterus anteriorly at the junction of the uterus and cervix. n. Hegar's sign ... Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproductive treatment (ART) in which a woman conceives and carries a child within her uterus ... Pregnancy is the fertilization and development of one or more offspring, known as an embryo or fetus, in a woman's uterus. It ...
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Menorrhagia | Article about Menorrhagia by The Free Dictionary  Menorrhagia | Article about Menorrhagia by The Free Dictionary
It occurs with chronic diseases of the uterus (metritis), acute inflammation of the adnexa uteri, uterine fibromyoma, and other ...
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Adnexectomy | definition of adnexectomy by Medical dictionary  Adnexectomy | definition of adnexectomy by Medical dictionary
2. In gynecology, excision of the uterine tube and ovary if unilateral, and excision of both tubes and ovaries (adnexa uteri) ... The bleeding caused by the adhesiolysis at the level of right adnexa caused us to perform total hysterectomy and bilateral ...
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Decapeptyl: Indications, Dosage, Precautions, Adverse Effects  Decapeptyl: Indications, Dosage, Precautions, Adverse Effects
Adnexa Uteri Pain. 12 (2%). Upper Resp. Tract Infection. 4 (4%). 4 (4%). ... and to reduction of endometriosis foci and estrogen-dependent uterus myomas in women. The assisted reproduction procedure of ...
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adenomatous polyp of uterine cervix 2005:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search engine  adenomatous polyp of uterine cervix 2005:2010[pubdate] *count=100 - BioMedLib™ search engine
MeSH-minor] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Female. ... Singh AM, Konjengbam R, Devi SS, Devi NP: Leiomyosarcoma of uterus--a case report. J Indian Med Assoc; 2006 Mar;104(3):142, 144 ... Van Renterghem N, De Paepe P, Van den Broecke R, Bourgain C, Serreyn R: Primary lymphoma of the cervix uteri: a diagnostic ... Cervix Uteri / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. *MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Cervical ...
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Education: Review  Education: Review
Evaluation of uterus and adnexa *Guidelines and standard of care for ultrasound in the first trimester have been established ...
more infohttps://library.med.utah.edu/kw/human_reprod/review.html
Ultrasonography of adnexal causes of acute pelvic pain in pre-menopaus by Carolyn S. Dupuis and Young H. Kim  "Ultrasonography of adnexal causes of acute pelvic pain in pre-menopaus" by Carolyn S. Dupuis and Young H. Kim
Pelvic pain, Adnexa uteri, Fallopian tube diseases, Ovary, Endometriosis, Ultrasonography. Rights and Permissions. This is an ...
more infohttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/2601/
Types of Inflammation - VetSci  Types of Inflammation - VetSci
Adnexitis - Inflammation of the adnexa uteri. *Alveolitis - Inflammation of the alveoli. *Angiitis - Inflammation of blood or ...
more infohttp://vetsci.co.uk/2009/12/04/types-of-inflammation/
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Her eola, chorion, adnexae uteri. A core needle biopsyestrogen receptor assay exfoliative cytologylaposcopy PSA teststem cell ...
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Sexually transmitted infections Flashcards by Sara assadi | Brainscape  Sexually transmitted infections Flashcards by Sara assadi | Brainscape
tenderness of uterus/adnexae or cervical excitation. may be mass in lower abdomen. abnormal vaginal discharge ... the bacteria adheres to mucous membranes of uterus, urethra, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, eyes, testes and throat. it ... infection of the upper genital tract in females which affects uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, caused by infective ...
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  • The presence of AQP1, 3, 5, 8 and -9 was immunohistochemically assessed in canine fetal adnexa, collected in early, middle and late-gestation during ovario-hysterectomies performed with fully informed owners' consent. (surrey.ac.uk)