Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
Ventilation of the middle ear in the treatment of secretory (serous) OTITIS MEDIA, usually by placement of tubes or grommets which pierce the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.
Surgical restoration of a perforated tympanic membrane by grafting. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
An IBUPROFEN-type anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Inflammation of the tonsils, especially the PALATINE TONSILS but the ADENOIDS (pharyngeal tonsils) and lingual tonsils may also be involved. Tonsillitis usually is caused by bacterial infection. Tonsillitis may be acute, chronic, or recurrent.
Surgical reconstruction of the hearing mechanism of the middle ear, with restoration of the drum membrane to protect the round window from sound pressure, and establishment of ossicular continuity between the tympanic membrane and the oval window. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
A short-acting sulfonamide antibacterial with activity against a wide range of gram- negative and gram-positive organisms.
Pathological processes involving the NASOPHARYNX.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Pain during the period after surgery.

Effects of anticholinergics on postoperative vomiting, recovery, and hospital stay in children undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy. (1/168)

BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are the most frequent problems after minor ambulatory surgical procedures. The agents used to induce and maintain anesthesia may modify the incidence of emesis. When neuromuscular blockade is antagonized with anticholinesterases, atropine or glycopyrrolate is used commonly to prevent bradycardia and excessive oral secretions. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of atropine and glycopyrrolate on postoperative vomiting in children. METHODS: Ninety-three patients undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy were studied. After inhalation induction of anesthesia with nitrous oxide, oxygen, and halothane, anesthesia was maintained with a nitrous oxide-oxygen mixture, halothane, morphine, and atracurium. Patients were randomized to receive, in a double-blinded manner, either 15 microg/kg atropine or 10 microg/kg glycopyrrolate with 60 microg/kg neostigmine to reverse neuromuscular blockade. Patient recovery, the incidence of postoperative emesis, antiemetic therapy, and the duration of postoperative hospital stay were assessed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, gender, weight, or discharge time from the postanesthesia care unit or the hospital between the groups. Twenty-four hours after operation, the incidence of vomiting in the atropine group (56%) was significantly less than in the glycopyrrolate group (81%; P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the atropine and glycopyrrolate groups in the number of patients who required antiemetics or additional analgesics. CONCLUSIONS: In children undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy, reversal of neuromuscular blockade with atropine and neostigmine is associated with a lesser incidence of postoperative emesis compared with glycopyrrolate and neostigmine.  (+info)

I.v. intraoperative ketoprofen in small children during adenoidectomy: a dose-finding study. (2/168)

We have investigated if a low dose of ketoprofen (0.3 mg kg-1) i.v., provided as good analgesia with less adverse effects than higher doses (1.0 and 3.0 mg kg-1) in 220 children, aged 1-7 yr, undergoing adenoidectomy, in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study. The postoperative analgesic effect was notable even after the lowest dose of ketoprofen. However, the higher doses seemed to provide better analgesia with no increase in adverse events or intraoperative bleeding. None of the children experienced postoperative bleeding which would have required intervention or delayed discharge from hospital. This study confirms the efficacy and safety of intraoperative ketoprofen in children during adenoidectomy.  (+info)

Recovery after halothane anaesthesia induced with thiopental, propofol-alfentanil or halothane for day-case adenoidectomy in small children. (3/168)

We studied recovery from halothane anaesthesia in 93 children, aged 1-3 yr, undergoing day-case adenoidectomy. Children were allocated randomly to receive thiopental 5 mg kg-1 (group TH), alfentanil 10 micrograms kg-1 and propofol 3 mg kg-1 (group PAH) or 5% halothane (group HH) for induction of anaesthesia. In group TH, tracheal intubation was facilitated with succinylcholine (suxamethonium) 1.5 mg kg-1. In groups PAH and HH, tracheal intubation was performed without neuromuscular block, and succinylcholine was used only if required. Anaesthesia was maintained with 1-3% halothane during spontaneous respiration. Times to achieving predetermined recovery end-points were recorded. Quality of recovery was assessed using a score of 1-9 (best to worst) for sedation, crying, restlessness and agitation. A postoperative questionnaire was used to determine the well-being of the child at home, 24 h after operation. Emergence from anaesthesia (response to non-painful stimuli) occurred earlier in group HH (mean 9 (SD 6) min) than in groups PAH (13 (6) min, P < 0.01) and TH (18 (14) min, P < 0.01). Sitting up, walking and home readiness were achieved earlier in groups PAH and HH than in group TH (P < 0.05 for each variable). Children in group TH were more sedated during the first 30 min after anaesthesia than those in the two other groups (P < 0.05) while emergence-related delirium was more common in group HH than in group TH (P < 0.01). Well-being at home was similar in all groups. We conclude that induction of halothane anaesthesia with propofol-alfentanil or halothane provided more rapid recovery and earlier discharge than that with thiopental.  (+info)

Postoperative pain after adenoidectomy in children. (4/168)

We have investigated if pain intensity or analgesic requirements in hospital predicted pain intensity, pain duration or analgesic requirements at home in 611 children, aged 1-7 yr, after day-case adenoidectomy. We also investigated if ketoprofen 0.3-3.0 mg kg-1, administered pre-emptively i.v. during operation, modified pain at home. In hospital, a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study design was performed. A standard anaesthetic technique was used in all children and fentanyl i.v. was available for rescue analgesia. After discharge, the study design was open, experimental, prospective and longitudinal. On return home, children were prescribed ketoprofen tablets 5 mg kg-1 day-1. Parents were asked to complete an analgesia diary; non-responders were contacted by telephone. The response rate was 91%. The number of doses of fentanyl given in hospital correlated with pain intensity at home (P < 0.001). There were no other correlations and no pre-emptive effect of ketoprofen.  (+info)

Double-blind comparison of sevofluran vs propofol and succinylcholine for tracheal intubation in children. (5/168)

We have studied intubating conditions in 64 healthy children, aged 3-10 yr, undergoing adenotonsillectomy, in a double-blind, randomized study. Intubation was performed 150 s after induction using either 8% sevoflurane in nitrous oxide and oxygen or propofol 3-4 mg kg-1 with succinylcholine 2 mg kg-1. An anaesthetist blinded to the technique performed intubation and scored intubating conditions using Krieg and Copenhagen Consensus Conference (CCC) scores. The trachea was intubated successfully at the first attempt in all patients under clinically acceptable conditions, although scores were significantly better with propofol and succinylcholine. The sevoflurane technique cost 3.62 +/- 0.55 Pounds to completion of tracheal intubation, significantly more (P < 0.001) than the cost of propofol-succinylcholine and isoflurane (2.04 +/- 0.54 Pounds) when based on actual amount of drug used. This cost increased to 4.38 +/- 0.05 Pounds when based on whole ampoules, which is significantly more than the cost of sevoflurane (P < 0.001).  (+info)

Comparison of intravenous and oral ketoprofen for postoperative pain after adenoidectomy in children. (6/168)

One hundred children, aged 1-9 yr, undergoing adenoidectomy were randomized to receive ketoprofen 1 mg kg-1 either i.v. with an oral placebo (n = 40) or ketoprofen 1 mg kg-1 orally with an i.v. placebo (n = 40), or both oral and i.v. placebo (n = 20). The study design was prospective and double blind with parallel groups. The pain was assessed at rest and during swallowing using the Maunuksela pain scale (0 = no pain, 10 = worst possible pain) after surgery for 3 h. Fentanyl 0.5 microgram kg-1 i.v. was given for rescue analgesia. Children in the i.v. group needed significantly less doses (1, 1-3; median and 10th/90th percentiles) of rescue analgesic compared with the oral group (2, 1-3; P = 0.024). Of those who needed rescue analgesic, three out of 30 children in the i.v. group required three or more doses of fentanyl compared with 10 out of 28 children in the oral group. There were no differences between the groups with respect to pain scores, operation times, perioperative bleeding or frequency of adverse events.  (+info)

PCR-based detection, restriction endonuclease analysis, and transcription of tonB in Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae isolates obtained from children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. (7/168)

We developed and evaluated a PCR-based-restriction endonuclease analysis method to detect and analyze the tonB gene of Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae from pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Multiple sites from the same patient, including the surface of adenoids and tonsils, as well as the core of tonsils, were cultured on chocolate agar and identified using standard procedures and the API NH Kit. A total of 55 H. influenzae isolates were recovered from different sites of 20 patients, and 32 H. parainfluenzae isolates were recovered from various sites of 12 patients. DNA was extracted from American Type Culture Collection strains and test isolates by the PureGene kit. Two primers, G1 (21-mer) and G2 (23-mer), were designed by us to amplify by PCR the tonB gene that consists of an 813-bp fragment. A nested PCR using primers T1 (23-mer) and T2 (24-mer) that flank an internal sequence to the gene of the order of 257 bp and restriction endonuclease digestion using XhoI and BglII were done to detect whether heterogeneity within the gene exists between the two species. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) was finally done to detect transcription of the gene in both species. Our data have shown that the tonB gene was detected in both species. It is known to encode a virulent protein, TonB, in H. influenzae; however, demonstration of its presence in H. parainfluenzae is novel. Nested-PCR and restriction endonuclease analysis have shown that the tonB gene is apparently structurally the same in both species, with possible differences that may exist in certain H. parainfluenzae isolates. RT-PCR done on selected numbers of H. influenzae and H. parainfluenzae have shown that the tonB gene was transcribed in both species. This shows that the TonB protein, if expressed, may play a different role in the virulence in H. parainfluenzae since it is not needed for heme or heme complexes uptake as with H. influenzae.  (+info)

Long-term follow-up of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome following surgery in children and adults. (8/168)

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep, resulting in repetitive hypoxemia. The present study retrospectively analyzed subjective and objective assessments of the patients with OSAS in a relatively long-term follow-up. From February 1986 to August 1996, 53 patients received surgical treatment for OSAS and snoring. Thirty-seven (27 males and 10 females) out of 53 patients completed the questionnaire and postoperative sleep study was obtained in 6 patients. In 20 children (<15 years), snoring, sleep apnea, and daytime sleepiness completely disappeared in 12, 19, and 16, and improved in 8, 1, and 4, respectively. These findings confirm that tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy in children may be the first selection for treatment. In 17 adults, snoring, sleep apnea, and daytime sleepiness completely disappeared in 2, 5, and 8, improved in 11, 8, and 7, and was unchanged in 4, 4, and 1, respectively. The apnea index in adults was significantly decreased in both early and late postoperative periods. These results suggest that surgery is a satisfactory alternative for adult patients if performed accurate preoperative diagnosis of the localization of the airway collapse and careful long-term follow-up.  (+info)

Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure in which the adenoids are removed. The adenoids are a patch of tissue located behind the nasal cavity, near the roof of the mouth. They help to filter out germs that are breathed in through the nose. However, sometimes the adenoids can become enlarged or infected, leading to problems such as difficulty breathing through the nose, recurrent ear infections, and sleep apnea. In these cases, an adenoidectomy may be recommended to remove the adenoids and alleviate these symptoms.

The procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis, which means that the patient can go home the same day as the surgery. The surgeon will use a special instrument to remove the adenoids through the mouth, without making any external incisions. After the surgery, the patient may experience some discomfort, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing for a few days. However, these symptoms usually resolve within a week or two.

It is important to note that an adenoidectomy is not the same as a tonsillectomy, which is the surgical removal of the tonsils. While the tonsils and adenoids are both part of the immune system and located in the same area of the mouth, they serve different functions and may be removed separately or together depending on the individual's medical needs.

A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which the tonsils, two masses of lymphoid tissue located on both sides of the back of the throat, are removed. This procedure is typically performed to treat recurrent or severe cases of tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils), sleep-disordered breathing such as obstructive sleep apnea, and other conditions where the tonsils are causing problems or complications. The surgery can be done under general anesthesia, and there are various methods for removing the tonsils, including traditional scalpel excision, electrocautery, and laser surgery. After a tonsillectomy, patients may experience pain, swelling, and difficulty swallowing, but these symptoms typically improve within 1-2 weeks post-surgery.

Adenoids are a pair of masses of lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the throat behind the nose. They are part of the immune system and help to protect against infection. Adenoids are largest in children and tend to shrink in size as people get older. In some cases, adenoids can become enlarged or infected, leading to problems such as breathing difficulties, ear infections, and sleep disorders. Treatment for enlarged or infected adenoids may include antibiotics, medications to reduce swelling, or surgical removal of the adenoids (adenoidectomy).

Middle ear ventilation refers to the normal process of air movement between the middle ear and the back of the nose (nasopharynx) through the eustachian tube. This tube is a narrow canal that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx and helps to regulate air pressure in the middle ear, preventing its accumulation and subsequent negative pressure or fluid build-up, which can lead to conditions such as otitis media (middle ear infection) or serous otitis media (fluid in the middle ear).

The eustachian tube opens during activities such as swallowing, yawning, or chewing, allowing fresh air to enter the middle ear and any accumulated fluid or gas to be drained out. Abnormalities in middle ear ventilation can result from dysfunction of the eustachian tube, leading to various middle ear disorders.

Otitis media with effusion (OME), also known as serous otitis media or glue ear, is a medical condition characterized by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. The fluid accumulation occurs due to the dysfunction of the Eustachian tube, which results in negative pressure and subsequent accumulation of sterile fluid within the middle ear space.

OME can lead to hearing difficulties, especially in children, as the fluid buildup impairs sound conduction through the ossicles in the middle ear. Symptoms may include mild hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and a sensation of fullness or pressure in the affected ear. In some cases, OME can resolve on its own within a few weeks or months; however, persistent cases might require medical intervention, such as placement of tympanostomy tubes (ear tubes) to drain the fluid and restore hearing.

Myringoplasty is a surgical procedure that involves reconstructing or repairing the tympanic membrane (eardrum) in the middle ear. The eardrum is the thin, delicate tissue that separates the outer ear from the inner ear. It plays a crucial role in hearing by vibrating in response to sound waves and transmitting these vibrations to the bones of the middle ear.

Myringoplasty is typically performed to treat chronic perforations or holes in the eardrum that have not healed on their own or with medical management. These perforations can result from various causes, such as infection, trauma, or congenital defects. By closing the perforation, myringoplasty helps prevent the risk of middle ear infections and improves hearing function.

The procedure involves harvesting a small piece of tissue, often from the patient's own body (such as the fascia surrounding a muscle), to use as a graft to cover the eardrum perforation. The graft is placed through an incision made in the ear canal or, less commonly, via an external approach through the mastoid bone behind the ear.

Myringoplasty is typically performed under general anesthesia and requires a short hospital stay for observation and monitoring. Following surgery, patients may need to avoid water exposure, heavy lifting, and strenuous activities for a few weeks to allow proper healing. The success rate of myringoplasty is generally high, with most patients experiencing improved hearing and reduced symptoms of ear infections.

Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation in the body. It works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are hormone-like substances that cause pain and inflammation in the body.

Ketoprofen has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties, making it a useful medication for managing various conditions such as arthritis, menstrual cramps, muscle pain, dental pain, and migraines. It is available in various forms, including oral capsules, tablets, suppositories, and topical creams or gels.

Like other NSAIDs, ketoprofen can cause side effects such as stomach ulcers, bleeding, and kidney damage if used in high doses or for extended periods. It is essential to follow the recommended dosage and consult with a healthcare provider before using this medication.

Tonsillitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation and infection of the tonsils, which are two masses of lymphoid tissue located on either side of the back of the throat. The tonsils serve as a defense mechanism against inhaled or ingested pathogens; however, they can become infected themselves, leading to tonsillitis.

The inflammation of the tonsils is often accompanied by symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck, cough, headache, and fatigue. In severe or recurrent cases, a tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils) may be recommended to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.

Tonsillitis can be caused by both viral and bacterial infections, with group A streptococcus being one of the most common bacterial causes. It is typically diagnosed based on a physical examination and medical history, and sometimes further confirmed through laboratory tests such as a throat swab or rapid strep test. Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial tonsillitis, pain relievers, and rest to aid in recovery.

Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to reconstruct or repair the tympanic membrane (eardrum) and/or the small bones of the middle ear (ossicles). The primary goal of this surgery is to restore hearing, but it can also help manage chronic middle ear infections, traumatic eardrum perforations, or cholesteatoma (a skin growth in the middle ear).

During the procedure, a surgeon may use various techniques such as grafting tissue from another part of the body to rebuild the eardrum or using prosthetic materials to reconstruct the ossicles. The choice of technique depends on the extent and location of the damage. Tympanoplasty is typically an outpatient procedure, meaning patients can return home on the same day of the surgery.

Sulfisoxazole is an antibacterial drug, specifically a sulfonamide. It is defined as a synthetic, short-acting, bacteriostatic antibiotic that inhibits the growth of certain bacteria by interfering with their ability to synthesize folic acid, an essential component for their survival. Sulfisoxazole is used to treat various infections caused by susceptible bacteria, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections.

It's important to note that the use of sulfonamides like sulfisoxazole has declined over time due to the emergence of bacterial resistance and the availability of alternative antibiotics with better safety profiles. Additionally, adverse reactions such as rashes, allergies, and blood disorders have been associated with their use, so they should be prescribed with caution and only when necessary.

Nasopharyngeal diseases refer to conditions that affect the nasopharynx, which is the uppermost part of the pharynx (throat) located behind the nose. The nasopharynx is lined with mucous membrane and contains the opening of the Eustachian tubes, which connect to the middle ear.

There are several types of nasopharyngeal diseases, including:

1. Nasopharyngitis: Also known as a "common cold," this is an inflammation of the nasopharynx caused by a viral infection. Symptoms may include a runny nose, sore throat, cough, and fever.
2. Nasopharyngeal cancer: A malignant tumor that develops in the nasopharynx. It is relatively rare but more common in certain populations, such as those of Southeast Asian or Southern Chinese descent. Symptoms may include a lump in the neck, nosebleeds, hearing loss, and difficulty swallowing.
3. Nasopharyngeal stenosis: A narrowing of the nasopharynx that can be congenital or acquired. Acquired stenosis may result from trauma, infection, or inflammation. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing through the nose and snoring.
4. Nasopharyngeal abscess: A collection of pus in the nasopharynx that can be caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may include fever, difficulty swallowing, and neck pain or stiffness.
5. Nasopharyngitis allergica: Also known as "hay fever," this is an inflammation of the nasopharynx caused by an allergic reaction to substances such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander. Symptoms may include a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.

Treatment for nasopharyngeal diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. Treatment options may include medications, surgery, or radiation therapy.

Ambulatory surgical procedures, also known as outpatient or same-day surgery, refer to medical operations that do not require an overnight hospital stay. These procedures are typically performed in a specialized ambulatory surgery center (ASC) or in a hospital-based outpatient department. Patients undergoing ambulatory surgical procedures receive anesthesia, undergo the operation, and recover enough to be discharged home on the same day of the procedure.

Examples of common ambulatory surgical procedures include:

1. Arthroscopy (joint scope examination and repair)
2. Cataract surgery
3. Colonoscopy and upper endoscopy
4. Dental surgery, such as wisdom tooth extraction
5. Gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy)
6. Hernia repair
7. Hysteroscopy (examination of the uterus)
8. Minor skin procedures, like biopsies and lesion removals
9. Orthopedic procedures, such as carpal tunnel release or joint injections
10. Pain management procedures, including epidural steroid injections and nerve blocks
11. Podiatric (foot and ankle) surgery
12. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

Advancements in medical technology, minimally invasive surgical techniques, and improved anesthesia methods have contributed to the growth of ambulatory surgical procedures, offering patients a more convenient and cost-effective alternative to traditional inpatient surgeries.

The palatine tonsils, also known as the "tonsils," are two masses of lymphoid tissue located on either side of the oropharynx, at the back of the throat. They are part of the immune system and play a role in protecting the body from inhaled or ingested pathogens. Each tonsil has a surface covered with crypts and follicles that contain lymphocytes, which help to filter out bacteria and viruses that enter the mouth and nose.

The palatine tonsils are visible through the mouth and can be seen during a routine physical examination. They vary in size, but typically are about the size of a large olive or almond. Swelling or inflammation of the tonsils is called tonsillitis, which can cause symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. In some cases, enlarged tonsils may need to be removed through a surgical procedure called a tonsillectomy.

Otitis media is an inflammation or infection of the middle ear. It can occur as a result of a cold, respiratory infection, or allergy that causes fluid buildup behind the eardrum. The buildup of fluid can lead to infection and irritation of the middle ear, causing symptoms such as ear pain, hearing loss, and difficulty balancing. There are two types of otitis media: acute otitis media (AOM), which is a short-term infection that can cause fever and severe ear pain, and otitis media with effusion (OME), which is fluid buildup in the middle ear without symptoms of infection. In some cases, otitis media may require medical treatment, including antibiotics or the placement of ear tubes to drain the fluid and relieve pressure on the eardrum.

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and camera at the end, to examine the interior of a body cavity or organ. The endoscope is inserted through a natural opening in the body, such as the mouth or anus, or through a small incision. The images captured by the camera are transmitted to a monitor, allowing the physician to visualize the internal structures and detect any abnormalities, such as inflammation, ulcers, or tumors. Endoscopy can also be used for diagnostic purposes, such as taking tissue samples for biopsy, or for therapeutic purposes, such as removing polyps or performing minimally invasive surgeries.

Postoperative pain is defined as the pain or discomfort experienced by patients following a surgical procedure. It can vary in intensity and duration depending on the type of surgery performed, individual pain tolerance, and other factors. The pain may be caused by tissue trauma, inflammation, or nerve damage resulting from the surgical intervention. Proper assessment and management of postoperative pain is essential to promote recovery, prevent complications, and improve patient satisfaction.

... Information Adenoidectomy at eMedicine (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... have redefined the appropriate indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), tonsillectomy alone, and adenoidectomy ... Adenoidectomy is not often performed under one year of age as adenoid function is part of the body's immune system but its ... "Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-06. Su MS, Li AM, So HK, Au CT ...
"Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy". Stanford Children's Health. 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019. Whitlock, Jennifer (2019). " ...
Adenoidectomy is most often performed because of nasal obstruction, but is also performed to reduce middle ear infections and ... "Adenoidectomy" Rao A, ed. (2012). Principles and Practice of Pedodontics (3rd ed.). New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Pub. pp ... Surgical removal of the adenoids is a procedure called adenoidectomy. Carried out through the mouth under a general anaesthetic ... adenoidectomy involves the adenoids being curetted, cauterised, lasered, or otherwise ablated. ...
Darrow DH, Siemens C (August 2002). "Indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy". Laryngoscope. 112 (8 Pt 2 Suppl 100): 6- ...
van den Aardweg MT, Schilder AG, Herkert E, Boonacker CW, Rovers MM (January 2010). "Adenoidectomy for otitis media in children ... In more severe cases, tympanostomy tubes can be inserted, possibly with adjuvant adenoidectomy as it shows a significant ...
During the post-operative recovery period for a tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy, it is common for adult patients to experience a ... "Home Care After Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Jáuregui-Garrido, B.; Jáuregui- ...
Pratt MD, L.; Hornberger MD, H.R.; Moore MD, V. (1958). "Mediastinal Emphysema Complicating Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy". ...
Adenoidectomy can improve middle ear function and nasal steroid sprays can reduce adenoid size but it is not known whether ... van den Aardweg, MT; Schilder AG; Herkert E; Boonacker CW; Rovers MM (20 January 2010). "Adenoidectomy for otitis media in ...
"Relation of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy to poliomyelitis". Journal of the American Medical Association. 163 (7): 519-21. ...
Velopharyngeal insufficiency can also occur after adenoidectomy. Velopharyngeal incompetence is a defective closure of the ...
... a rare complication following adenoidectomy". Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica. 25 (4): 245-249. ISSN 0392-100X. PMC 2639892 ...
Naylor, N. L. (1977). "Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy: A Review of the Literature". Can Fam Physician. 1977 Sep, 23: 113, 115- ... Windfuhr JP, Chen YS, Remmert S (February 2005). "Hemorrhage following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in 15,218 patients". ...
... adenoidectomy) by an otolaryngologist; to scrape tartar deposits from tooth enamel with a periodontal curette. Ear pick Bogle, ... Current Techniques of Adenoidectomy", Sleep Apnea and Snoring (Second Edition), London: Elsevier, pp. 422-425, doi:10.1016/b978 ...
Surgical removal of the adenoid is a procedure called adenoidectomy. Adenoid infection may cause symptoms such as excessive ... Carried out through the mouth under a general anaesthetic (or less commonly a topical), adenoidectomy involves the adenoid ... Lesinskas, Eugenijus; Drigotas, Martynas (2009-04-01). "The incidence of adenoidal regrowth after adenoidectomy and its effect ...
... new Boxed Warning and Contraindication on use after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy". FDA. 20 February 2013. Archived from ...
... and fatal reactions to codeine following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (surgery to remove the tonsils and/or adenoids). ... new Boxed Warning and Contraindication on use after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy". United States Food and Drug ...
In case of adenoid hypertrophy, adenoidectomy may be performed to remove the adenoid. Adenoiditis occurs mainly in childhood, ...
Adenoidectomy is still one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in children. Kierzek A. The hypertrophy of ...
Tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy in an attempt to increase the size of the airway. Removal or reduction of parts of the soft ... Surgical removal of enlarged tonsils (tonsillectomy) and the adenoid (adenoidectomy) are first line treatment among children ... is often caused by obstructive tonsils and adenoids and may sometimes be cured with tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.[citation ...
Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids, also known as the pharyngeal tonsils. Adrenalectomy is the removal of ...
Surgery on children is over 80% successful by simply performing an adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy. Those less likely to ...
Gloucestershire and Bristol CCGs were proposing restricted access to acupuncture, adenoidectomy and post-operative ...
Other sub-populations with high incidence of laryngospams include patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (25%). ...
Gloucestershire and Bristol CCGs were proposing restricted access to acupuncture, adenoidectomy and post-operative ...
... new Boxed Warning and Contraindication on use after tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy: Safety announcement" (Press release). US ...
... a four-year-old girl with Malpuech syndrome was being prepared for an unrelated tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. While ...
Causes include a history of cleft palate, adenoidectomy, irregular adenoids, cervical spine anomalies, or oral/pharyngeal tumor ...
... is a position in which a patient is placed while undergoing a tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy or ...
Post-operative inflammation after certain procedures such as adenoidectomy can also lead to this condition in susceptible ... these children may require pre-operative imaging to assess the risk for complications after procedures such as adenoidectomy. ... a rare complication following adenoidectomy, Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2005 August; 25(4): 245-249. (Articles with short ...
... adenoidectomy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-02. Retrieved 2008-11-04. v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
Adenoidectomy Information Adenoidectomy at eMedicine (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... have redefined the appropriate indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), tonsillectomy alone, and adenoidectomy ... Adenoidectomy is not often performed under one year of age as adenoid function is part of the bodys immune system but its ... "Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-06. Su MS, Li AM, So HK, Au CT ...
This means a kid has a tonsillectomy (say: tahn-suh-LEK-tuh-me) and an adenoidectomy. Both are common surgeries for kids to ... This means going into the hospital and having a surgery called an adenoidectomy (say: ad-eh-noy-DEK-teh-me). ...
An adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids.. Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are often done at the same time. ... Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are rarely done under local anesthesia in adults and never in children. ... The procedure for an adenoidectomy is very similar to that for a tonsillectomy. ...
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Postoperative Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Instructions. Avoid hot liquids. Drink only cool or warm fluids. Clear liquids ...
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Adenoidectomy Surgery, what it is, Pre-op, post-op, dietary instruction and general instructions. ... What is a Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy Surgery. Tonsillectomy remove your tonsils and an adenoidectomy removes your adenoids. ... Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy Surgery. Author: Steve Patterson Published Date: April 7, 2016 7 Comments on Tonsillectomy & ... Adenoidectomy Surgery I had a Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy Surgery (T&A Surgery) on April 7, 2016. I am sharing my ...
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Adenoidectomy. If nonsurgical methods dont fix the issue, then your healthcare provider might recommend an adenoidectomy - a ... But if your child has chronically enlarged adenoids, your childs healthcare provider may recommend an adenoidectomy. Ask your ... Most children recover from adenoidectomy within two to three days. According to research studies, adenoid removal doesnt ... If nonsurgical treatments dont work, your childs healthcare provider might recommend an adenoidectomy. ...
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  • A larger decline for combined tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy was noted - from 2.20 per thousand to 1.46. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the early 1900s, adenoidectomies began to be routinely combined with tonsillectomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, several studies had shown that adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy were ineffective for many of the indications used at that time as well as the suggestion of an increased risk of developing poliomyelitis after the procedure, later disproved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prospective clinical trials, performed over the last 2 decades, have redefined the appropriate indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), tonsillectomy alone, and adenoidectomy alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adenoidectomy is often associated with other surgical procedures (eg, tonsillectomy , placement of tympanostomy tubes). (medscape.com)
  • The 2 operations (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy) were routinely performed together beginning in the early part of the 1900s, when the tonsils and adenoids were considered reservoirs of infection that caused many different types of diseases. (medscape.com)
  • Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) was considered a treatment for anorexia, mental retardation, and enuresis or was performed simply to promote good health. (medscape.com)
  • Children with failure to thrive have improved appetites and gain weight after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) because their throats are typically no longer chronically sore and they can breathe better. (medscape.com)
  • Enuresis has actually been studied and listed as an indication for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) because large tonsils and adenoids block normal breathing through the nose and mouth, which interrupts sleep architecture and decreases normal brain and brainstem control of urinary function. (medscape.com)
  • Additionally, almost every child experiences improved health and more energy following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A). Based on the broad range of indications for surgery, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) became almost universal for school-aged children in the early 1900s. (medscape.com)
  • Once the opinion pendulum began to swing towards avoidance of surgery, good prospective clinical trials, which have been performed over the last two decades, were required to prove to the medical and lay community that good indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), tonsillectomy alone, and adenoidectomy alone, exist. (medscape.com)
  • This means a kid has a tonsillectomy (say: tahn-suh-LEK-tuh-me) and an adenoidectomy. (kidshealth.org)
  • The procedure for an adenoidectomy is very similar to that for a tonsillectomy. (epnet.com)
  • HealthDay News - Although many pediatric patients undergo tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) in ambulatory settings, an inpatient setting may be safer for younger children who are at higher risk of complications, according to research published in online February 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery . (empr.com)
  • Arthrocare Coblator (USA)- Used for Adenoidectomy and Tonsillectomy. (raosentcare.com)
  • When Should Surgery (Adenoidectomy/Tonsillectomy) Be Done? (singhealth.com.sg)
  • This surgery is called a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. (healthychildren.org)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure is usually used in children who do not improve after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, or who are not candidates for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. (healthychildren.org)
  • 1. Histopathological screening of tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy specimens: a report from southern Iran. (nih.gov)
  • 2. Pathologic evaluation of routine tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy specimens in the pediatric population: is it really necessary? (nih.gov)
  • 3. Is the pathological examination of routine tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy specimens necessary? (nih.gov)
  • A retrospective study of 559 adenoidectomy and 1132 tonsillectomy specimens and a literature review. (nih.gov)
  • 12. [Should there be a histologic examination after adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy? (nih.gov)
  • 14. Ambulatory powered intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children younger than 3 years. (nih.gov)
  • 16. Routine histologic examination is unnecessary for tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy. (nih.gov)
  • 19. Pathologic analysis of routine tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy specimens. (nih.gov)
  • While this finding may be statistically significant, even better results are observed with skeletal maxillary expansion combined with tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. (nxtbook.com)
  • Without the cooperative approach of otolaryngologists and orthodontists, children in a similar cohort experienced only 50% improvement in airway from expansion or tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy alone. (nxtbook.com)
  • There are two types of operations: tonsillectomy (surgery to remove the tonsils) and adenoidectomy (surgery to remove the adenoid). (healthychildren.org)
  • He performs adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy and septoplasty. (medcentras.lt)
  • Codeine use in certain children after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy may lead to rare, but life-threatening adverse events or death. (ahrq.gov)
  • Objectives: To assess the exposure of surgical personnel to known carcinogens during pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) and compare the efficacy of surgical smoke evacuation systems during T&A. Study Design: Prospective, case series. (cdc.gov)
  • We quantified the impact of adenoidectomy on olfactory function, established whether the influences of the operation were related to the preoperative amount of nasopharyngeal obstruction, and determined whether sex influenced the olfactory measures. (bibliotecaorl.org.br)
  • The relationship between enuresis and obstructive apnea, and the benefit of adenoidectomy by implication, is complex and controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of adenoidectomy on the smell perception of children. (bibliotecaorl.org.br)
  • These findings emphasize the beneficial effects of adenoidectomy on PFTs and highlight that adenoidectomy positively affects the upper and lower airways. (dergipark.org.tr)
  • If swollen adenoids bother a child and don't respond to medicine, a health care provider may recommend an adenoidectomy. (kidshealth.org)
  • In 1971, more than one million Americans underwent tonsillectomies and/or adenoidectomies, of which 50,000 consisted of adenoidectomy alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, throughout most of the 20th century, tonsillectomies were usually performed in conjunction with adenoidectomies. (medscape.com)
  • Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are often done at the same time. (epnet.com)
  • Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are rarely done under local anesthesia in adults and never in children. (epnet.com)
  • Adenoidectomies and Tonsillectomies were typically performed together during most of the twentieth century. (snoringmouthpieceguide.com)
  • There was the $2 million verdict in 2010 for the parents of twin 3-year-old boys who died after outpatient tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies. (superlawyers.com)
  • Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoid for reasons which include impaired breathing through the nose, chronic infections, or recurrent earaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adenoidectomy is not often performed under one year of age as adenoid function is part of the body's immune system but its contribution to this decreases progressively beyond this age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adenoidectomy was probably first performed in the late 1800s when Willhelm Meyer of Copenhagen, Denmark, proposed that adenoid vegetations were responsible for nasal symptoms and impaired hearing. (medscape.com)
  • An adenoidectomy usually helps a child go back to breathing easier and live a healthy life since the glands are removed, eliminating the potential for adenoid infection or swelling that can obstruct breathing. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • The focus of this article is pediatric adenoidectomy. (medscape.com)
  • If your child experiences recurrent nasal infections, difficulty breathing through the nose, obstructive sleep apnea, snoring or mouth breathing, a doctor may recommend a pediatric adenoidectomy, which is a surgery performed on children to remove their adenoids. (choa.org)
  • There is also support for adenoidectomy in recurrent otitis media in children previously treated with tympanostomy tubes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in children with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, common cold, otitis media and moderate nasal obstruction has been questioned with the outcome, in some studies, being no better than watchful waiting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence for the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in children with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections is indeed scarce and (inter)nationally accepted guidelines are lacking," write M.T.A. van den Aardweg, PhD student, from the University Medical Centre Utrecht, in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and colleagues. (medscape.com)
  • In this open multicentre randomised controlled trial we studied the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in children with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. (medscape.com)
  • Between April 2007 and October 2010 at 11 general hospitals and 2 academic centers, 111 children 1 to 6 years old who were selected for adenoidectomy because of recurrent URTIs were randomly assigned to a strategy of immediate adenoidectomy with or without myringotomy or to a strategy of initial watchful waiting. (medscape.com)
  • In children selected for adenoidectomy for recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, a strategy of immediate surgery confers no clinical benefits over a strategy of initial watchful waiting," the study authors write. (medscape.com)
  • An adenoidectomy is also helpful in bringing relief from sleep apnoea and mouth breathing that causes not only malaligned teeth, it also leads to recurrent upper respiratory infections that occur as adenoids are a harbour for infectious microbes. (raosentcare.com)
  • Treatment often includes intranasal corticosteroids, antibiotics, and, for significant nasal obstruction or persistent recurrent acute otitis media or middle ear effusion, adenoidectomy. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Adenoidectomy is the surgical procedure in which the adenoids are removed. (medscape.com)
  • An adenoidectomy is usually done as an outpatient procedure, which means your child will be able to go home the same day as surgery. (choa.org)
  • An adenoidectomy is a relatively straightforward procedure that can be done in an outpatient setting. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • An adenoidectomy involves the use of general anesthesia, where the patient will be asleep for the duration of the procedure. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • The surgical procedure where a surgeon removes the adenoids is called and Adenoidectomy . (snoringmouthpieceguide.com)
  • Five specific spirometric parameters were selected to evaluate pulmonary function before and 1-3 months following the adenoidectomy procedure. (dergipark.org.tr)
  • Adenoidectomy may decrease the need for a third set of tympanostomy tubes in children. (rochester.edu)
  • Adenoidectomy to stop snoring- How adenoids affect snoring and alternative solutions to an Adenoidectomy? (snoringmouthpieceguide.com)
  • Obtaining current information is difficult because adenoidectomy is usually performed in outpatient settings, for which data are not well regulated or recorded. (medscape.com)
  • Twenty of these children underwent coblation adenoidectomy while the other group of 20 underwent conventional cold steel adenoidectomy. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Aim of our study is to compare the efficacy and safety of coblation adenoidectomy versus conventional cold steel adenoidectomy. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The indications for adenoidectomy are still controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite more than 50 years of research, some controversy is still associated with the indications for adenoidectomy. (medscape.com)
  • Adenoidectomy: an evaluation of the indications. (bmj.com)
  • There was no significant change in adenoidectomy rates for chronic infectious reasons (0.25 versus 0.21 per 1000). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most often, an adenoidectomy is performed in pediatric patients. (medscape.com)
  • A group of 76 children who had been listed for adenoidectomy was investigated by scoring the symptoms and signs usually attributed to adenoidal hypertrophy, and removing the adenoids and weighing them. (bmj.com)
  • Let's talk more about what adenoidectomy surgery is and how it can relieve symptoms of pediatric sleep apnea. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • 10. Incidence of unexpected pathology in routine adenoidectomy specimens. (nih.gov)
  • In our recent Cochrane review we showed that so far only two randomised controlled trials of adenoidectomy in children included upper respiratory tract infections as an outcome measure. (medscape.com)
  • Experts say that an adenoidectomy will not increase the risk of subsequent infections for the child. (laurenjmickeymd.com)
  • if these don't help and he or she has chronic ear or throat infections, an adenoidectomy may be recommended. (lakesideallergyent.com)
  • The typical recovery after an adenoidectomy often involves a few days of mild pain and discomfort, which may include sore throat, runny nose, noisy breathing, or bad breath. (kidshealth.org)
  • Treatment for enlarged adenoids usually involves surgery or an adenoidectomy. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • Best Success Rate - Adenoidectomy when conducted by expert surgeon delivers very successful outcomes. (raosentcare.com)
  • In addition, some children in the watchful waiting group ultimately had adenoidectomy, and some in the adenoidectomy group ultimately had other surgical interventions. (medscape.com)
  • An otolaryngologist (pronounced "oto-lar-en-gäl-e-jest"), or ear, nose and throat (ENT) doctor, specializes in the medical and surgical care of the ears, nose and throat, and conditions affecting the head and neck. (healthgrades.com)
  • At Children's, adenoidectomies are one of the most common procedures performed by our ENTs. (choa.org)
  • An adenoidectomy is a surgery to remove the adenoids. (lakesideallergyent.com)
  • An adenoidectomy is a surgery to remove the adenoids, which are soft tissues that are part of the lymphatic system. (georgetown-ent.com)
  • Compared with children in the watchful waiting group, those in the immediate adenoidectomy group had significantly more days with fever, and 2 children had complications related to surgery. (medscape.com)
  • An adenoidectomy (ad-eh-noy-DEK-teh-me) is the surgical removal of the adenoids. (kidshealth.org)
  • An adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids. (epnet.com)
  • This means going into the hospital and having a surgery called an adenoidectomy (say: ad-eh-noy-DEK-teh-me). (kidshealth.org)
  • METHODS: Fifty‐three boys and 23 girls were administered a standardized children's olfactory test, the Pediatric Smell Wheel™, before and 45 days after adenoidectomy. (bibliotecaorl.org.br)
  • Adenoidectomy might have helped to resolve ear fluid problems, speech delays, and consequent perceptions of low intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most kids have no serious side effects or problems from an adenoidectomy. (kidshealth.org)
  • Operative time was found to be significantly higher in coblation group when compared to conventional cold steel adenoidectomy group. (alliedacademies.org)
  • This study suggests that smell loss may be of value in decisions regarding whether or not to perform adenoidectomy in children with nasopharyngeal obstruction. (bibliotecaorl.org.br)
  • In this study, we investigated the impact of adenoidectomy on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and explored the relationship between spirometric parameters in affected children. (dergipark.org.tr)