Dental Marginal Adaptation
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Analysis of Variance
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Short Bowel Syndrome
Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells
Photosensitive afferent neurons located in the peripheral retina, with their density increases radially away from the FOVEA CENTRALIS. Being much more sensitive to light than the RETINAL CONE CELLS, the rod cells are responsible for twilight vision (at scotopic intensities) as well as peripheral vision, but provide no color discrimination.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
Physical Conditioning, Animal
A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
Photosensitive afferent neurons located primarily within the FOVEA CENTRALIS of the MACULA LUTEA. There are three major types of cone cells (red, blue, and green) whose photopigments have different spectral sensitivity curves. Retinal cone cells operate in daylight vision (at photopic intensities) providing color recognition and central visual acuity.
Amino Acid Sequence
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Gene Expression Profiling
Reproducibility of Results
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Photosensitive protein complexes of varied light absorption properties which are expressed in the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are OPSINS conjugated with VITAMIN A-based chromophores. Chromophores capture photons of light, leading to the activation of opsins and a biochemical cascade that ultimately excites the photoreceptor cells.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Ocular Physiological Phenomena
Gene Expression Regulation
Glucagon-Like Peptide 2
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Evoked Potentials, Visual
Gene Transfer, Horizontal
The naturally occurring transmission of genetic information between organisms, related or unrelated, circumventing parent-to-offspring transmission. Horizontal gene transfer may occur via a variety of naturally occurring processes such as GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; and TRANSFECTION. It may result in a change of the recipient organism's genetic composition (TRANSFORMATION, GENETIC).
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From http://www.nanfa.org/articles/Elassoma/elassoma.htm, 8/4/2000)
Hair Cells, Auditory
Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
England Made Me
... (film), a 1973 film adaptation of the novel. *England Made Me, a 1991 album by Cath Carroll ... England Made Me may refer to: *England Made Me (novel), a 1935 novel by Graham Greene ...
This is referred to as "behavior adaptation". A 2006 US study suggested that airbags and antilock brakes can lead to unsafe ... Given behavior adaptation and migration, the current rigorous Interstate effectiveness of 14%, and CLRS on single-lane highways ... Behavioral Adaptation, Why Safety Features Don't Always Increase Safety (Claims Advisor), Oct. 2007 "Airbags, Antilock Brakes ... "Smart car" virtual shoulder rumble strips, referred to as a lane departure warning system, are increasingly available on ...
It is often referred to as the bicultural stage. Reverse culture shock. Reverse culture shock (also known as "re-entry ... Adaptation. In the mastery stage individuals are able to participate fully and comfortably in the host culture. Mastery ... Winkelman, Michael (1994). "Cultural Shock and Adaptation". Journal of Counseling & Development. 73 (2): 121-126.. ... adaptation of gut flora to different bacteria levels and concentrations in food and water; difficulty in seeking treatment for ...
They can drink from very shallow pools through their nostrils; the former genus Dipsochelys refers to this adaptation.[full ... Giant tortoises were once all places in a single genus (often referred to as Testudo or Geochelone), but more recent studies ... The tortoises were unique to these islands and had gained a number of special adaptations in the absence of ground predators. ... This may occur due to factors such as relaxed predation pressure, competitive release, or an adaptation to increased ...
... and adaptations to personal vehicles. Automobile accessibility also refers to ease of use by disabled people. Automobiles, ... This is referred to as a kneeling bus. At rapid transit systems, vehicles generally have floors in the same height as the ... Web "content" generally refers to the information in a Web page or Web application, including text, images, forms, and sounds ... Ergonomic adaptations, such as a lumbar support cushion, may also be needed. Generally, the more limiting the disability, the ...
But only in man does the taxonomy miss something like 99% of the adaptation in the species. I refer to the observed adaptation ... human beings are also referred to as persons or people": the selective group would not be referred to as "people" but as "a ... Human beings are commonly referred to individually as persons or people and collectively as man, mankind, humanity, or the ... Human beings are commonly referred to collectively as man, mankind, humanity, or the human race and individually as humans, ...
A pasture can also refer to any land used for grazing, and in this wider sense the term refers not only to grass pasture but ... These adaptations are limited through. Spatial shifts may be difficult if the areas are already inhabited by other species, or ... Spatial shifts refers to the migration towards colder areas, often on higher altitudes. A temporal shift means that a plant may ... The result was a clear adaptation of a constant pattern that plants recognized and had time to reach thermal acclimation ...
List of Twin Spica characters
His friends refer to him simply as Shu (シュウ). At the end of the series, we can conclude that he is "Mr. Bunny." Shu Suzuki is ... Kiriu does not appear in the anime series; he is portrayed by actor Osamu Mukai in the live-action adaptation. Senri Ukita (宇喜多 ... His friends refer to him by family name only. He also responds to the nickname Fucchī (ふっちー) given to him by Kei. Shinnosuke ... Voiced by: Bin Sasaki Haruo Suzuki does not appear in either the anime series or the live-action adaptation. Sakura Suzuki (鈴木 ...
From Venus with Love
For example, in episode 4, Hugh refers to Dr. Primble as "Primple". And in episode 2, Brigadier Whitehead is referred to as ... The adaptation contains a few changes, which include mention of the Mother (and a phone call to Steed, ordering him to ... Henry Primble is much older in this adaptation. The new scene with Steed and Emma in a rooftop garden was added to the script. ...
This is what is referred to as VOR adaptation. Ethanol consumption can disrupt the VOR, reducing dynamic visual acuity. This ...
referred by Debi Roberson, University of Essex 2011 Fairchild, Mark D. (2005). "8. Chromatic Adaptation". Color Appearance ... In color vision, chromatic adaptation refers to color constancy; the ability of the visual system to preserve the appearance of ... Chromatic Adaptation Archived 2011-08-18 at the Wayback Machine Lindbloom, Bruce. Chromatic Adaptation Archived 2011-09-26 at ... The adaptation to see reds is particularly important for primate mammals, since it leads to the identification of fruits, and ...
Folklorism also refers to the invention or adaptation of folklore. Unlike fakelore, however, folklorism is not necessarily ... The term can refer to new stories or songs made up, or to folklore that is reworked and modified for modern tastes. The element ... Newall, Venetia J. (1987). "The Adaptation of Folklore and Tradition (Folklorismus)". Folklore. 98 (2): 131-151. doi:10.1080/ ...
In the television adaptation, he is portrayed by Orlando Jones. A later Gaiman novel, Anansi Boys, follows the sons of Anansi ... The proverb is: "If yuh cyaan ketch Kwaku, yuh ketch him shut", which refers to when Brah Dead (brother death or drybones), a ... He admits to being an African Trickster God, appears as an elderly human male who loves to eat, is frequently referred to as " ... In one chapter in the same book he also refers to himself as 'Spider.' Neil Gaiman's novel American Gods features Anansi (under ...
List of Sin City characters
Portrayed by Rosario Dawson in the film adaptation and its sequel. Miho (ミホ), often referred to as "Deadly Little Miho" by ... Portrayed by Babs George in the film adaptation. One of Hartigan's lawyers, referred to in the film as 'Skinny Dude'. His ... in the film adaptation. Dallas, Old Town girl and Miho's driver. Gunned down by mercenaries. In the film adaptation, she is ... In the film adaptation of "That Yellow Bastard", Bob's role is expanded and he is shown to regret betraying Hartigan, picking ...
The book has been referred to as both postfeminist and anti-feminist. Crichton offered a rebuttal at the close of the novel ... In a review comparing the novel with the film adaptation, Nathan Rabin expressed a negative view: he described Disclosure as " ... In 1994, Disclosure, a film adaptation of the novel was released. It starred Demi Moore, Michael Douglas, Donald Sutherland and ...
Mega Man Star Force (TV series)
His English adaptation of his last name refers to a Bison. In Mega Man Star Force, Bud tried to threaten Geo to go to school ... Altair, who sometimes referred to her by the pet name of "Vegalita", had to leave her in order to fight in a war. He died ... His Japanese last name Yagi, is the Japanese word for "goat". His English name refers to both a "kid" (a young goat) and to the ... In the dialog, when he first appears in EM Wave form, he refers to himself as "Plesio Wave", but the actual boss is identified ...
The term was a pejorative adaptation of the adjective morisco ("Moorish"). It soon became the standard term to refer to all ... The writing referred to the practice of secret congregational ritual prayer, (salat jama'ah) collecting alms in order to ... The text never featured the Trinity doctrine or referred to Jesus as Son of God, concepts which are blasphemous and offensive ... The content of this text was superficially Christian and did not refer to Islam at all, but contains many "Islamizing" features ...
Managing change over time, referred to as navigation, requires continuous adaptation. It requires managing projects over time ... while change management may be used solely to refer to how people and teams are affected by such organizational transition. It ...
This phenomenon is sometimes referred to as a contingent after-effect. Similarly, adaptation can cause such illusions in the ... Focal adaptation evoked by prolonged stimulation to a skin area causes the illusion that two subsequently presented stimulus ... Many illusions in vision are caused by adaptation, the prolonged exposure to a previous stimulus. In such cases, the perception ... Li, Lux; Chan, Arielle; Iqbal, Shah M.; Goldreich, Daniel (28 June 2017). "An Adaptation-Induced Repulsion Illusion in Tactile ...
"Decree on the Adaptation and Renewal of Religious Life". Adaptation refers to adjusting to the "changed conditions of the times ... Perfectæ caritatis, subtitled as the Decree on the Adaptation and Renewal of Religious Life, is the document issued by the ... Nevertheless, their manner of living should be revised according to the principles and criteria of adaptation and renewal ... ""; renewal refers to "a continuous return to the sources of all Christian life and to the original inspiration behind a given ...
A. E. Housman refers to the 'Greek Lad', Narcissus, in his poem "Look not in my Eyes" from A Shropshire Lad set to music by ... Narcissus appears in the Disney adaptation of Hercules. In the film, he is portrayed as an Olympian god with purple skin. In ... He was referred to as 'The prince who contemplated his soul'. Pink Narcissus is an artistic film by James Bidgood about the ... 1972), a near-23-minute epic song laden with religious and mythological imagery, refers to the myth of Narcissus as follows: A ...
... may also refer to an ability to persevere through a difficult situation. Different types of endurance performance can ... Adaptation of exercise plans should follow individual goals. Calculating the Intensity of exercise the individual capabilies ... "The major metabolic consequences of the adaptations of muscle to endurance exercise are a slower utilization of muscle glycogen ... Holloszy, J. O.; Coyle, E. F. (1 April 1984). "Adaptations of skeletal muscle to endurance exercise and their metabolic ...
Ecologists refer to[clarification needed] parapatric and peripatric speciation in terms of ecological niches. A niche must be ... Ecological speciation occurs with much of the evidence, "...accumulated from top-down studies of adaptation and reproductive ... The first and most commonly used sense refers to the "birth" of new species. That is, the splitting of an existing species into ... Reinforcement, sometimes referred to as the Wallace effect, is the process by which natural selection increases reproductive ...
Gambit (1966 film)
The script for this adaptation was written by Joel and Ethan Coen. List of American films of 1966 Nonlinear narrative "Big ... Please note these figures refer to rentals accruing to the distributors. "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners ...
One Angry Veronica
The episode's title refers to Twelve Angry Men and its film adaptation. Similarly to both, "One Angry Veronica" depicts a jury ...
Beatrice (Much Ado About Nothing)
Alison Findley referred to Beatrice as "a conduit for the film's emotional energy". In Joss Whedon's 2012 film adaptation of ... In act 4, scene 1, Beatrice famously asks Benedick to "Kill Claudio". The last portion of act 4, scene 1 is often referred to ... In the 1964 German language adaptation, Viel Lärm um Nichts, Beatrice was played by Christel Bodenstein. Emma Thompson played ... Sarah Parish played a modernized Beatrice as part of the ShakespeaRe-Told series of televised Shakespeare adaptations. In ...
Segmentation and reassembly
There are several different schemes, referred to as ATM adaptation layers (AAL). The schemes are: AAL0 - Raw cells with no ...
It had referred to the adaptation of farming techniques to local conditions. It became a buzzword when Japanese business ... Glocalization, or glocalism, in community organization refers to community organizing that sees social problems as neither ... or a local adaptation and interpretation of global forces. As a theoretical framework, it is compatible with many of the ...
He has referred to the film as "unwatchable". Several other "art" films followed: The Birthday Party, based on an unpublished ... Friedkin was slated to direct a film adaptation of Robin Cook's novel Brain. The moving image collection of William Friedkin is ... In 1980, he directed an adaptation of the Gerald Walker crime thriller Cruising, starring Al Pacino, which was protested ... Whereas Coppola directed The Conversation and Bogdanovich, the Henry James adaptation, Daisy Miller, Friedkin abruptly left the ...
"Organismically-inspired robotics: homeostatic adaptation and teleology beyond the closed sensorimotor loop" (PDF).. ... of the Systems Development Foundation to provide a summary of the current status of a field which until that point was referred ... it nevertheless failed to predict a number of important features such as adaptation and shunting. Scientists now believe that ...
Lady Margaret Beaufort
In 2013, Amanda Hale portrayed Lady Margaret Beaufort in the television drama series, The White Queen, an adaptation of ... After her son's victory at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the Countess was referred to in court as "My Lady the King's Mother". ... Margaret refers to Edmund Tudor as her first husband. Under canon law, Margaret was not bound by her first marriage contract as ...
Feldhamer, George A.; Drickamer, Lee C.; Vessey, Stephen H.; Merritt, Joseph H.; Krajewski, Carey (2007). Mammalogy: Adaptation ... Used to refer to daily self-care activities. Basic. *Personal hygiene. *Dressing ...
The small world attribute refers to the many loosely connected nodes, non-random dense clustering of a few nodes (i.e., trophic ... Herbivore adaptations to plant defense. *Mimicry. *Plant defense against herbivory. *Predator avoidance in schooling fish ... These regions of high link density are often referred to as cliques, hubs, compartments, cohesive sub-groups, or modules... ...
Maria-sama ga Miteru
A manga adaptation was published by Shueisha in Margaret and its sister magazine The Margaret. Between 2004 and 2009, the ... These are also referred to by their colors; the Yellow Rose (黄薔薇, Kibara) is Rosa Foetida, the White Rose (白薔薇, Shirobara) is ... The anime adaptations have been released in North America by Nozomi Entertainment under the title Maria Watches Over Us. The ... The musical choices of the Maria-sama ga Miteru anime adaptations are generally classical music-inspired. The Christian ...
The primary and secondary venation may be referred to as pinnate, while the net like finer veins are referred to as netted or ... Evolutionary adaptationEdit. Poinsettia bracts are leaves which have evolved red pigmentation in order to attract insects and ... The leaves and stem together form the shoot. Leaves are collectively referred to as foliage, as in "autumn foliage". ... The term multicostate refers to having more than one prominent main vein. e.g. "fan" (palmate) palms (Arecaceae). Multicostate ...
The molar teeth were very large, with an area over twice that of modern humans. The species is sometimes referred to as " ... and dietary adaptations in early hominins". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 151 (3): 356-71. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22281 ... Strong jaw muscles are believed to be an evolutionary adaptation of P. boisei for a diet of nuts, seeds and hard fruit. ...
In 1958, A.S. Romer discovered specimen MCZ 7063, originally referred to Staurikosaurus in Carnian sediments. Herrerasaurus ... The tail, partially stiffened by overlapping vertebral projections, balanced the body and was also an adaptation for speed. ... In a 2001 study conducted by Bruce Rothschild and other paleontologists, 12 hand bones and 20 foot bones referred to ... Over the years, the Ischigualasto Formation produced other fossils ultimately referred to Herrerasaurus. ...
Illuminant estimation and adaptation. A seascape photograph at Clifton Beach, South Arm, Tasmania, Australia. The white ... Sometimes the adjustment to keep neutrals neutral is called white balance, and the phrase color balance refers to the ... General illuminant adaptation. The best color matrix for adapting to a change in illuminant is not necessarily a diagonal ... Preferred chromatic adaptation spaces. Comparisons of images balanced by diagonal transforms in a number of different RGB ...
Other adaptations are pollen (so fertilisation can occur without water) and the seed, which allows the embryo to be transported ... Conifers are classified by three reproductive cycles, namely; 1-, 2-, or 3- . The cycles refers to the completion of female ... Pinophytes, Cycadophytes, and Ginkgophytes all developed at this time. An important adaptation of these gymnosperms was ... Boreal conifers have many wintertime adaptations. The narrow conical shape of northern conifers, and their downward-drooping ...
Since 1976 the disease is most often referred to as Lyme disease, Lyme borreliosis or simply borreliosis. ... "The London climate change adaptation strategy - Draft report" (PDF). Greater London Authority. August 2008. Archived from the ...
The Holocene extinction, otherwise referred to as the sixth mass extinction or Anthropocene extinction, is an ongoing ... The underlying reason includes evolutionary adaptation of large mammals to humans as well as greater pest pressure on human ... This may refer to groups of animals endangered by climate change. For example, during a catastrophic drought, remaining animals ... The term pollinator decline refers to the reduction in abundance of insect and other animal pollinators in many ecosystems ...
These adaptations and counter adaptations probably have led to extensive diversification in both the Brassicaceae and one of ... The genus name comes from the Classical Latin word brassica, referring to cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables. The ... Some insect herbivores have developed counter adaptations such as rapid absorption of the glucosinates, quick alternative ...
As the adaptation becomes more pronounced, the new species or race radiates from its entrance into the new space, or dies out ... An individual who inherits such deleterious traits is colloquially referred to as inbred. The avoidance of expression of such ... but more commonly refers to the genetic disorders and other consequences that may arise from expression of deleterious or ...
The common adaptation among the different designs is that they have extra-wide balloon wheels or tires, to increase stability ... In the United States a wheelchair that has been designed and tested for use as a seat in motor vehicles is often referred to as ... Other important adaptations can include powered doors, lowered fixtures such as sinks and water fountains, and accessible ... Important adaptations include external access, providing sufficient space for a wheelchair user to move around the home, ...
Females, referred to as "cows", carry the responsibility of childcare as males, referred to as "bulls", play no part in raising ... which is the same hearing adaptation used by bats - and, in the rorqual whales, jaw adaptations, similar to those found in ... 1-34 is generally understood to refer to a whale. The "sea monsters" in Lamentations 4:3 have been taken by some to refer to ... This adaptation allows the chest to compress during deep dives as opposed to resisting the force of water pressure. ...
Sometimes, a pleiotropic gene may be both harmful and beneficial to an organism, which is referred to as antagonistic ... Studies on fungal evolutionary genomics have shown pleiotropic traits that simultaneously affect adaptation and reproductive ... Unfortunately, the process of antagonistic pleiotropy may result in an altered evolutionary path with delayed adaptation, in ... adaptation and reproductive isolation are instantly facilitated, and in turn, pleiotropically causes adaptive speciation. The ...
This type of diaphragmatic setup has been referred to as the "hepatic piston". The airways form a number of double tubular ... Such adaptations are the result of environments such as remote islands and deserts where water is very scarce.:143 Other ... These animals are traditionally referred to as "anapsids", and form a paraphyletic basic stock from which other groups evolved. ... Even with these adaptations, breathing is never fully accomplished without lungs. Lung ventilation is accomplished differently ...
Fluorescence in situ hybridization
Cellular adaptation. Atrophy. Hypertrophy. Hyperplasia. Dysplasia. Metaplasia Squamous. Glandular. Cell death. Necrosis ... In fluorescent "in situ" hybridization refers to the cellular placement of the probe ...
One form of itriyya with a long history is laganum (plural lagana), which in Latin refers to a thin sheet of dough, and ... International adaptations. As pasta was introduced elsewhere in the world, it became incorporated into a number of local ...
Elisha ben Abuyah
Compare also Meïr Halevi Letteris' Hebrew drama Ben Abuja, an adaptation of Goethe's Faust, Vienna, 1865. ... The same passage from the Jerusalem Talmud refers to Elisha as being alive when his pupil Rabbi Meir had become a renowned ... the rabbis of the Talmud refrained from relating teachings in his name and referred to him as the "Other One" (אחר, Acher). ... and referred to him in terms used to designate some vile object ("dabar aḥer," lit. "another thing")." (Louis Ginzberg, "Elisha ...
Usor:IacobusAmor/Disputata anni 2009 - Vicipaedia
I tried the effect of avoiding suus where the word doesn't refer to the subject of the sentence. Perhaps I was being pedantic ( ... but rather a humanistic adaptation and conventionalisation ad usum scholarum. I'm pretty sure most of us are more familiar with ... Toward birds or toward a bird: that's the question! This notice could refer to the set (e.g., Aves in general) or to the ...
Butler, Ann B.; Hodos, William (2 September 2005). Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy: Evolution and Adaptation. John Wiley & ... Such scientists use the term stem-tetrapod to refer to those tetrapod-like vertebrates that are not members of the crown group ... Although the kinetic inertial system is occasionally found in fish, it requires special adaptations (such as very narrow jaws) ... "Dermal bone in early tetrapods: a palaeophysiological hypothesis of adaptation for terrestrial acidosis". Proceedings of the ...
Kolk, Herman; Heeschen, Claus (May 1990). "Adaptation symptoms and impairment symptoms in Broca's aphasia". Aphasiology. 4 (3 ... Guided imagery refers to a technique used in natural and alternative medicine that involves using mental imagery to help with ...
A partial dislocation is referred to as a subluxation. Dislocations are often caused by sudden trauma on the joint like an ... recurrence and direction with adaptations made based on the needs of the patient. In general, the therapeutic program should ...
The hand bones of OH 7 suggest precision gripping, important in dexterity, as well as adaptations for climbing. In regard to ... now referred to as Homo rudolfensis. It is also argued that instead it represents a male specimen whereas other H. habilis ... Nonetheless, the jaw adaptations for processing mechanically challenging food indicates technological advancement did not ... as well as similarities in dental adaptations, Wood and biological anthropologist Mark Collard suggested moving the species to ...
Figure of speech
synecdoche: Referring to a part by its whole or vice versa. *synonymia: Use of two or more synonyms in the same clause or ... Since it concerned relatively mechanical procedures of adaptation that for the most part could be learned, the techniques ... Run up refers to ascending and also to manufacturing. The effect is enhanced by the momentary suggestion, through a pun, that ... "I had butterflies in my stomach" is a metaphor, referring to a nervous feeling as if there were flying insects in one's stomach ...
Pre-adaptations and evolution after the initial introduction also play a role in the success of the introduced species. If the ... a term referred to as naturalisation. For example, L. leucozonium, shown by population genetic analysis to be an invasive ... Adaptation then proceeds to respond to the selective pressures of the new environment. These responses would most likely be due ... Intraspecific phenotypic plasticity, pre-adaptation and post-introduction evolution are all major factors in adaptive evolution ...
Adaptations of coins and banknotes so that the value can be determined by touch. For example: *In some currencies, such as the ... Statements that certain species of mammals are "born blind" refers to them being born with their eyes closed and their eyelids ... They use a combination of vision and other senses to learn, although they may require adaptations in lighting or the size of ... Low vision generally refers to a severe visual impairment, not necessarily limited to distance vision. Low vision applies to ...
Medieval Kannada literature
The book refers to early Kannada writers such as the 6th century Western Ganga Dynasty King Durvinita, a writer of prose. Hence ... He wrote the first ten chapters of Gadugina Bharata (1430), a Kannada adaptation of epic Mahabharata in the court of Deva Raya ...
Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology - 1st Edition
Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780080249391, ... Refer. Chapter 33. Metabolic Responses of a Sea Anemone to Hypoxia and Air Exposure. Chapter 34. Lactate - The Preferred ... Short-Term Adaptation. Long-Term Adaptation. References. Chapter 52. Effects of Temperature on the Catalytic Properties of ... Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology 1st Edition. Abstracts. ...
Framework for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems for Early Detection of Outbreaks: Recommendations from the CDC...
The flexibility of a surveillance system refers to the systems ability to change as needs change. The adaptation to changing ... Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the electronic PDF version and/or the original MMWR paper copy ... The stability of a surveillance system refers to its resilience to system changes (e.g., change in coding from International ...
YTHDF1 links hypoxia adaptation and non-small cell lung cancer progression. - PubMed - NCBI
TAG, tumor-associated genes are from www.binfo.ncku.edu.tw/TAG/; CGC, refers to Cancer Gene Census database. Other, refers to ... YTHDF1 links hypoxia adaptation and non-small cell lung cancer progression.. Shi Y1,2, Fan S3, Wu M4, Zuo Z5, Li X5, Jiang L1, ... YTHDF1 is a hypoxia adaptation gene. a The signature of positive selection on cancer related genes in Tibetan humans evaluated ... The Keap1-Nrf2-AKR1C1 axis is the same mediator for YTHDF1 low expression dependent hypoxia adaptation. Thus, the balance of ...
draft-ietf-sigtran-rfc3332bis-03 - Signaling System 7 (SS7) Message Transfer Part 3 (MTP3) - User Adaptation Layer (M3UA)
Refer to Section 3). 1.4.3 SS7 and M3UA Interworking In the case of SS7 and M3UA interworking, the M3UA adaptation layer is ... 3.1 Common Message Header The protocol messages for MTP3-User Adaptation require a message header which contains the adaptation ... User Adaptation Layer", RFC 3331, August 2002.  George, T., et. al., "SS7 MTP2-User Peer-to-Peer Adaptation Layer", Work in ... Reserved for Other SIGTRAN Adaptation Layers 6 Reserved for Other SIGTRAN Adaptation Layers 7 Reserved for Other SIGTRAN ...
England Made Me - Wikipedia
Frontiers | Sex Differences in Categorical Adaptation for Faces and Chinese Characters during Early Perceptual Processing |...
Using an adaptation paradigm, in which an adaptor and subsequent test stimulus are presented during each trial, the present ... Using an adaptation paradigm, in which an adaptor and subsequent test stimulus are presented during each trial, the present ... In addition, we found that men have greater N170 categorical adaptation for face and word processing than women. There was also ... In addition, we found that men have greater N170 categorical adaptation for face and word processing than women. There was also ...
Interassociation recommendations for developing a plan to recognize and refer student-athletes with psychological concerns at...
Interassociation recommendations for developing a plan to recognize and refer student-athletes with psychological concerns at ... Interassociation recommendations for developing a plan to recognize and refer student-athletes with psychological concerns at ... Adaptation, Psychological / physiology* * Adolescent * Adolescent Behavior / physiology * Adult * Athletes / psychology* * ...
Phosphate acquisition genes in Prochlorococcus ecotypes: Evidence for genome-wide adaptation | PNAS
Gene numbers refer to PMM0XXX in MED4. Unfilled genes are likely pseudogenes. Color coding of strain names reflects ecotype ... This implies that nutrient adaptation has occurred more recently than adaptation to light and temperature gradients. One ... Adaptation to P Limitation in Prochlorococcus.. Our analysis revealed genomic variation among Prochlorococcus isolates that is ... Phosphate acquisition genes in Prochlorococcus ecotypes: Evidence for genome-wide adaptation. Adam C. Martiny, Maureen L. ...
Culture shock - Wikipedia
It is often referred to as the bicultural stage. Reverse culture shock. Reverse culture shock (also known as "re-entry ... Adaptation. In the mastery stage individuals are able to participate fully and comfortably in the host culture. Mastery ... Winkelman, Michael (1994). "Cultural Shock and Adaptation". Journal of Counseling & Development. 73 (2): 121-126.. ... adaptation of gut flora to different bacteria levels and concentrations in food and water; difficulty in seeking treatment for ...
5.6 Evaluation Questions 5 | Birth Defects Surveillance Toolkit | CDC
Inter-cellular Electrical Signals in Plant Adaptation and Communication | Frontiers Research Topic
The capability to generate long-distance transmission of electrical signals is no longer regarded as anecdotal or an irrelevant feature of plants. Recent genetic, electrophysiological, and imaging work on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana has led to a revival in the interest for this phenomenon. These electrical signals are likely of enormous importance in determining the dynamics of the interactions between plants and their environment, including herbivorous insects, and it is likely that they play many other functions thorough the plant life cycle. Since multi-cellularity evolved independently in plants and animals, the characterization of the molecular and mechanistic aspects of these signals will be valuable to understanding central aspects of electrical transmission in biological systems, as well as providing insight into the unique aspects of these signaling networks in plants. Recent investigations of the transmission of these signals in the shoot and the root of plants, both with
The Impact of the 'WOMAN-PRO II Program' on Patients With Vulvar Neoplasia to Minimize Post-surgical Symptom Prevalence - Full...
Resilience refers to positive adaptation following stress or trauma. The original Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale brief ... The functional status, referring to the capacity to perform a variety of activities that are normal for most people, will be ... Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. ... Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01986725 ...
Climate Change in the Built Environment: Addressing Future Climates in Buildings: Education Book Chapter | IGI Global
Adaptation: Adaptation refers to adjustments to respond to climate change.. Emissions: Substances released into the air and are ... Anthropogenic: Anthropogenic refers to man-made impacts, processes, or products.. Climate: Climate describes the average and ... Current climate change, which is also referred to as global warming, is a result of the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse ... Existing built environments must also be assessed in terms of projected climate changes and required adaptations carried out. ...
Field Studies in the Methods Course - Teaching with Historic Places (U.S. National Park Service)
4Baron (2010) refers to this as origination, an adaptation of Wineburgs "sourcing" heuristic. ... As we will see, Barons adaptation of Wineburgs heuristics comes into play during a well-conceived field study. ... 3Baron (2010) refers to this as contextualization (similar to Wineburg).. ... Links to larger historical context? Reveals timeframe of origination? Contradicts expectations? Denotes an adaptation? Confirms ...
Agroecology and the design of climate change-resilient farming systems | SpringerLink
Therefore, adaptation refers to the adjustments made by farmers to reduce risks. The capacity of farmers to adapt is based on ... Vulnerability refers to the degree to which a system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate ... Adaptation is considered a key factor that will shape the future severity of climate change impacts on food production. But ... Adaptation is considered a key factor that will shape the future severity of climate change impacts on food production. Changes ...
Tri Coach Make the Most of Your Bike
This is all part of the adaptation phase. 3. Neck: Keep your head down and your chin up! Do not lift your entire head. Fit ... expert Mat Steinmetz refers to this as "periscope head." Keep your spine in a neutral position and try to hide behind your ... Remember that triathlon bike fit requires an adaptation process and bike fit is not always "one and done." The best position is ... Since bike fit is usually a multi-appointment and adaptation process, I suggest starting early and revisiting the position ...
Experts: Failure to focus on farming will undermine global climate agreement and increase hunger - ScienceBlog.com
Crop adaptation refers to agricultures ability to withstand climate change. Farmers will encounter problems they have never ... The basis for crop adaptation is the genetic diversity found in more than 1500 seedbanks around the world. This irreplaceable ... Concerted adaptation efforts will be required crop-by-crop, country-by-country, and internationally." ... "Indeed, diversity is being lost - diversity that almost certainly holds the key to future crop adaptation. Moreover, the time ...
Curriculum Implementation by Erika Focht-Payton on Prezi
Mutual adaptation works with full commitment and effective implementation strategies Our View. Also referred to as Issue-based ... Mutual Adaptation in Classroom Organization Wanted to see the transition from a traditional classroom to an open classroom. ... Mutual Adaptation. Focus: 1) measuring the degree to which a particular innovation is implemented as planned. 2) identifying ... Mutual Adaptation. Controversial Curriculum Implementation Activity: Part One. Measuring Implementation. A process between the ...
Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation Attenuates Neuronal Adaptation | Journal of Neuroscience
... after adaptation to 3 s of random motion; we refer to this condition as unadapted; see Materials and Methods). To investigate ... The effects of adaptation on the TWs were similarly attenuated by tACS. In Figure 3c, tACS reduced the adaptation-induced ... In addition, adaptation effects that are not specific to the direction of motion (e.g., contrast adaptation) would sum in the ... b, The difference in TA after adaptation with local and remote tACS is shown as a function of the extent of adaptation per ...
Patent US5598468 - Method and apparatus for echo removal in a communication system - Google Patents
This process is referred to as "adaptation" of the filter. (Although represented in the figure as an analog function, it should ... it will interfere with the adaptation of the auxiliary filter during periods when such adaptation is necessary. Accordingly, it ... The first two of these tests are referred to in Table I, herein, as TR and TT, respectively. Each has the logical value 1 when ... In preferred embodiments, the step size is set to zero (i.e., adaptation is disabled) when, inter alia, the signal σF Fm has a ...
Front Matter | Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base | The National Academies...
Many news stories have referred to our work. We believe the study has already helped guide the national debate and demonstrated ... The Adaptation Panel (whose membership is listed on page vi) assessed the impacts of possible climate change on human and ... Mitigation, Adaptation,. and the Science Base. Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming. Committee on Science, ... adaptation, and the science base / Panel on Policy Implications of. Greenhouse Warming, Committee on Science, Engineering, and ...
Amazon.com: Trust eBook: Moody, David: Kindle Store
This text refers to the paperback edition. About the Author. David Moody is the author of the Hater and Autumn novels. He grew ... A film adaptation of Autumn was made in Canada and starred Dexter Fletcher and David Carradine. Film rights to the Hater series ... David Pitt --This text refers to the paperback edition. Review. Trust is a slow-burner and all the richer for it. The layers ... This text refers to the paperback edition. ... This text refers to the paperback edition. ...
Integrative taxonomy reveals hidden species within a common fungal parasite of ladybirds | Scientific Reports
We propose that these lineages represent separate species, driven by adaptation to different ladybird hosts. Our combined ... The concept of "ecological species" generally refers to reproductive isolation evolved through adaptation to different ... Henceforward, in the text we will refer to these distinct clades by the first letters of the host genus and species names: Ab ... We propose that these lineages represent separate species, driven by adaptation to different ladybird hosts. Our combined ...
Sometimes referred to as "spectacle adaptation" or "optical treatment of amblyopia". *. Occlusion phase: a time period in which ... Refractive adaptation phase. The primary purpose of this phase was to ensure that full refractive adaptation was complete ... Refractive adaptation phase: a time period during which an improvement in vision of the amblyopic eye may occur in response to ... During refractive adaptation, visual acuity in seven children improved to an extent that they were no longer eligible to enter ...
Genomewide Spatial Correspondence Between Nonsynonymous Divergence and Neutral Polymorphism Reveals Extensive Adaptation in...
For brevity we refer to it as window size.) To find this window size we define an estimator at an exon where i is the position ... and the second, which we use as our proxy for the rate of adaptation in the window, does not. Thus. (14)where is the total ... Connecting the data with the model requires us to relate our proxy of the rate of adaptation in a window, to the rate itself, υ ... On the basis of the regression we estimated the rate of adaptation to be 3.6 × 10−12 bp−1 gen−1, the selection coefficient to ...
Adaptation of Winlink 2000 Emergency Amateur Radio Email Network to a VHF Packet Radio Infrastructure: Media & Communications...
Adaptation of Winlink 2000 Emergency Amateur Radio Email Network to a VHF Packet Radio Infrastructure: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0773- ... Some sources refer to the sysop as "system administrator".. RMS: The abbreviation for Radio Message Server. It is a bridge or ... "Adaptation of Winlink 2000 Emergency Amateur Radio Email Network to a VHF Packet Radio Infrastructure." Handbook of Research on ... "Adaptation of Winlink 2000 Emergency Amateur Radio Email Network to a VHF Packet Radio Infrastructure." In Handbook of Research ...
Faculty of Education
Adaptation or reformulation of these will be made in the light of the needs and desires of native peoples. Critical analysis ... Reading Institute Courses (P,E). (Please refer to the Calendar Section, Institutes in Education). 3540. Reading in the Primary ... Institute in the Teaching of Social Studies in French Immersion Courses (P,E).(Please refer to the Calendar section, Institutes ... Institute in the Teaching of Mathematics in French Immersion Courses (P,E).(Please refer to the Calendar Section, Institutes in ...
Simplifying Stress | Dr. Phil Maffetone
Today, we refer to this adaptation as coping.. No matter what type of stress you encounter during your life journey - be it ... This General Adaptation Syndrome has three distinct stages.. Stage 1: The first stage begins with the alarm reaction, in which ... The General Adaptation Syndrome. Our knowledge about stress and adrenal function began in the early 1900s, when famous stress- ... The problems referred to as burnout, stressed-out, overtraining (overexercising) and nervous breakdown are almost always the ...
Where does the idea that Freemasons worship Lucifer come from??, page 4
PhysiologicalNeuralDevelop adaptationsBehavioralEvolutionaryStimuliMechanismsOccursNeuronsStructuralSensoryAspects of AdaptationProcessMediatorsCentreStimulusDriven by adaptationApproachesBiologicalTraitBiologyMetabolismSpeciesAdjustmentOrganismEnvironmentsAdaptiveLayerAcclimatizationPhenomenon is referredTraitsAllostaticSelectiveEffectsMolecularDescribeBehaviorCellularMechanismGeneticLatitudeClimate changeStrongerProgressionBodySuggestsTemperatureImplementationChangeConcentrationsEffectFoundIndividualLifeHostsStagesSubsequentEvidence
- Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology, Volume 2 contains the proceedings of the First Conference of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry held in Liège, Belgium, on August 27-31, 1979. (elsevier.com)
- It is a great course that will summarize information about exercise, physiological systems, metabolism and adaptations after training. (coursera.org)
- A biological adaptation is any structural (morphological or anatomical ), physiological , or behavioral characteristics of an organism or group of organisms (such as species ) that make it better suited in its environment and consequently improves its chances of survival and reproductive success . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Adaptations can be structural, physiological, or behavioral. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Physiological adaptations are systems present in an organism that allow it to perform certain biochemical reactions (e.g., making venom, secreting slime, being able to keep a constant body temperature). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- It can mean the adjustment of living matter to environmental conditions and to other living things either in an organism's lifetime (physiological adaptation) or in a population over many many generations (evolutionary adaptation). (factmonster.com)
- The N170 adaptation paradigm has been used to characterize neural responses to objects of expertise. (frontiersin.org)
- Together, these findings provide a direct demonstration that weak electric fields applied to the scalp significantly affect neural processing in the primate brain and that this includes a hitherto unknown mechanism that attenuates sensory adaptation. (jneurosci.org)
- Acute stress responses promote adaptation and survival via responses of neural, cardiovascular, autonomic, immune and metabolic systems. (nih.gov)
- This paper presents a review of adaptation concepts at the evolutionary, environmental, neural, sensory, mental and mathematical levels, including Helson's and Parducci's theories of perception and category judgments. (ssrn.com)
- Neuronal plasticity refers to the adaptation of neural function and structure. (lonza.com)
- Noise adaptation is characterized by a decrease in the average neural firing rate and an accompanying decrease in the average value of the generator potential, both of which can be attributed to noise-induced resets of the generator potential mediated by the integrate-and-fire mechanism. (mit.edu)
- Therefore, our intelligence seems to come from the hierarchy of adaptive mechanisms, from the very slow evolution that enables the genome to adapt over a lifetime, to the quick pace of neural adaptation expressing knowledge acquired through its lifetime. (ieet.org)
- The model adaptation system and methods can be applied to several types of speaker recognition models including neural tree networks (NTN), Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs), and dynamic time warping (DTW) or to multiple models (i.e., combinations of NTNs, GMMs and DTW). (google.ca)
- Based on the habitats for which organisms develop adaptations, adaptations can be categorized into 3 fundamental types, namely aquatic , terrestrial , and volant (flying), each of which can be further divided into many subtypes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Often, two or more species co-adapt and co-evolve as they develop adaptations that interlock with those of the other species, such as with flowering plants and pollinating insects . (wikipedia.org)
- We have recently shown that tACS at 10 Hz counteracts the behavioral effects of motion adaptation in humans ( Kar and Krekelberg, 2014 ). (jneurosci.org)
- This study assesses differences in biological and behavioral domains that relate to individual adaptation and resiliency to an isolated, confined and controlled environment, and evaluates the effect of confinement, work, monotony, and social and physical isolation on stress resiliency and well-being. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This study leverages the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) heuristic framework to conduct experimental studies to identify biological domains (molecular, circuitry, physiology) and behavioral domains that relate to individual adaptation and resiliency (as well as behavioral vulnerability) in spaceflight-relevant confined environments. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Behavioral adaptations are special ways a particular organism behaves to survive in its natural habitat (e.g., becoming active at night, taking a certain posture). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Furthermore, m 6 A modified mRNA binding protein YTHDF1, one of evolutionary positively selected genes for high-altitude adaptation is amplified in various cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). (nih.gov)
-  This second, subsidiary element of his theory is what is now called Lamarckism , a proto-evolutionary hypothesis of the inheritance of acquired characteristics , intended to explain adaptations by natural means. (wikipedia.org)
- Visual coding, a process involved in visual adaptation, is the means by which the brain adapts to certain stimuli, resulting in a biased perception of those stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
- The rate and strength of visual adaptation depends heavily on the number of stimuli presented simultaneously, as well as the amount of time for which the stimulus is present. (wikipedia.org)
- Visual adaptation was found to be weaker when there were more stimuli present. (wikipedia.org)
- Moreover, studies have found that stimuli can rival each other, which explains why higher numbers of simultaneous stimuli lead to lower stimulus adaptation. (wikipedia.org)
- In the N170 adaptation paradigm, the adaptor and test stimuli are presented successively, with a specified inter-stimulus interval (ISI). (frontiersin.org)
- The N170 categorical adaptation effect is measured by comparing N170 amplitudes elicited by the same category of test stimulus when preceded by different categories of adaptor stimuli. (frontiersin.org)
- Together, the findings suggest that N170 categorical adaptation is a common phenomenon during visual processing of various expert stimuli presented with short ISIs. (frontiersin.org)
- The second kind of adaptation refers to the adjustment of perception sensitivity to stimuli range. (ssrn.com)
- Temporal processing refers to the processing of acoustic stimuli over time. (hearingreview.com)
- The computational and neuronal mechanisms of human dexterity and adaptation abilities remain elusive. (jneurosci.org)
- I will also address the underlying mechanisms responsible for these training adaptations. (coursera.org)
- Practopoiesis tells us that somewhat similar adaptation mechanisms of trials and errors occur while an organism grows, while it digests food and also, while it acts intelligently or thinks. (ieet.org)
- These adaptation mechanisms can change in an eye-blink the way the brain networks are effectively connected. (ieet.org)
- Then genes slowly create the mechanisms of fast adaptations. (ieet.org)
- Next, adaptation mechanisms change the properties of our nerve cells within seconds. (ieet.org)
- This finding suggests possible adaptation mechanisms in chronically exposed swine farmers. (sjweh.fi)
- Studies have also shown that visual adaptation occurs in the early stages of processing. (wikipedia.org)
- The fact that this distinction occurs, implies that face recognition is a process that happens on a higher level and later on in the visual encoding, rather than early on within visual adaptation. (wikipedia.org)
- First, unlike the typical long periods (tens of minutes) used in transcranial direct current stimulation, the attenuation of adaptation occurs even for brief periods of stimulation (seconds). (jneurosci.org)
- This effect is robust, can be observed on the single-subject level, and occurs during adaptation both within and across trials. (jneurosci.org)
- Adaptation occurs in response to changes in the environment, life style, or relationship to other organisms. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Second, we found that brief application of transcranial alternating current stimulation at 10 Hz reduced spike-frequency adaptation of MT neurons and led to a broadband increase in the power spectrum of local field potentials. (jneurosci.org)
- A quantitative theory of noise adaptation in stochastic integrate-and-fire neurons is developed. (mit.edu)
- For leaky integrate-and-fire neurons, the long-run noise adaptation is not total, but the response to noise is partially eliminated. (mit.edu)
- The functional significance of noise adaptation for the performance of networks comprising integrate-and-fire neurons is discussed. (mit.edu)
- Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat (e.g., skin color, shape, body covering). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- We have seen in previous Cyberounds ® in this series how the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters (EAA) and their receptors, representing the most highly expressed neurotransmitter system in the brain, play a key role in learning and memory and in the adaptive plasticity that is associated with acute adaptation to stress, as well as with the structural plasticity that accompanies repeated stress. (cyberounds.com)
- 3. Define and demonstrate sensory adaptation 4. (coursehero.com)
Aspects of Adaptation1
- Featuring a range of theoretical approaches, and chapters on the historical, ideological and economic aspects of adaptation, the volume reflects today's acceptance of intertextuality as a vital and progressive cultural force. (wiley.com)
- Since bike fit is usually a multi-appointment and adaptation process, I suggest starting early and revisiting the position several times throughout your season. (ironman.com)
- The improvement attributable to wearing glasses (that most children with amblyopia require) takes considerable time, 4 8 9 10 a process we call "refractive adaptation. (bmj.com)
- Thus, the spatial correspondence between neutral polymorphism and nonsynonymous divergence may be especially informative about the process of adaptation. (genetics.org)
- A Companion to Literature, Film and Adaptation is open to anybody interested in learning more about the process of translating the printed page into film. (wiley.com)
- We refer to this process as "matching habitat choice. (bioone.org)
- Furthermore, while adaptations often are seen as a static set of suitable characteristics, in reality the process of developing adaptations is a dynamic process. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Adaptation refers to the process of finding ways to prepare for and flexibly respond to changes in climate. (usda.gov)
- Adaptation is a key biological process in organisms and can take many forms. (accessscience.com)
- This process has been named "allostatic load," and it refers to the price the tissue or organ pays for an overactive or inefficiently managed allostatic response. (nih.gov)
- Adaptation is primarily a process rather than a physical form or part of a body. (wikipedia.org)
- This apparent paradox -- between protection and adaptation on the one hand and damage on the other hand -- is not unique to the EAA but is a general phenomenon among all the mediators of adaptation. (cyberounds.com)
- 1) , (2) , (3) The neurotransmitters of the brain, as well as the neuroendocrine system, autonomic nervous system and immune system, are mediators of adaptation to challenges of daily life, referred to as "allostasis," meaning "maintaining stability through change. (cyberounds.com)
- Deborah Cartmell is Professor of English and Director of the Centre for Adaptations at De Montfort University, UK. (wiley.com)
- Visual adaptation is the temporary change in sensitivity or perception when exposed to a new or intense stimulus, and the lingering afterimage that may result when the stimulus is removed. (wikipedia.org)
- The fading of the lilac circles is due to a loss of sensitivity to that stimulus and the adaptation to the new stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
- if the stimulus is absent long enough, the aftereffects of visual adaptation will subside. (wikipedia.org)
- Using an adaptation paradigm, in which an adaptor and subsequent test stimulus are presented during each trial, the present study investigated N170 categorical adaptation for faces and Chinese characters in both women and men. (frontiersin.org)
- In a commonly used adaptation paradigm, an adaptor and subsequent test stimulus are presented during each trial. (frontiersin.org)
- The first, known as level adaptation, refers to the shift of the neutral perception level to the average stimulus value. (ssrn.com)
- 4,5 This depth is related to the modulation rate of the stimulus, which refers to the frequency with which the signal changes over time. (hearingreview.com)
Driven by adaptation1
- We propose that these lineages represent separate species, driven by adaptation to different ladybird hosts. (nature.com)
- The CCRC hosts a collection of adaptation approaches, examples, and planning tools for both agriculture and forestry. (usda.gov)
- Adaptation is related to biological fitness , which governs the rate of evolution as measured by change in gene frequencies . (wikipedia.org)
- The word can also refer to a trait that is considered an adaptation. (factmonster.com)
- In cell biology and pathophysiology, cellular adaptation refers to changes made by a cell in response to adverse or varying environmental changes. (wikipedia.org)
- adaptation, in biology, has several meanings. (factmonster.com)
- Adaptation is a major topic in the philosophy of biology , as it concerns function and purpose ( teleology ). (wikipedia.org)
- The papers explore the physiology and biochemistry of animal adaptation and ecology and cover topics ranging from amino acid transport and metabolism during osmotic shock to the role of organic compounds in osmoregulation in plants and animals. (elsevier.com)
- The effect of seawater adaptation on the phosphatidyl-choline metabolism in the eel is also considered, along with evaporative water loss in anuran amphibians. (elsevier.com)
- An increasing number of studies in Drosophila, however, have found that adaptive substitution may account for a substantial fraction of the divergence between species and that adaptation may frequently influence the pattern of polymorphism within a species. (genetics.org)
- The term die out in the context of adaptation means that the death rate over the entire population of the species exceeds the birth rate for a long enough period for the species to disappear. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- In some extreme conditions, it is possible for the previous adaptation to be poorly selected, the advantage it confers over generations decreasing, up to and including the adaptation becoming a hindrance to the species' long-term survival. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Every experience we have, whether or not we call it "stressful," elicits a response in the brain and throughout the body that results in some type of adjustment and adaptation to whatever has happened to us. (cyberounds.com)
- While adaptations provide for the individual purpose of the organism-survival, reproduction, development, maintenance-these same characteristics provide diversity and add to human fascination with, and enjoyment of, nature . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Yet dispersing individuals often sample and compare environments and settle in those environments that best match their phenotype, causing directed gene flow, which can in fact promote population differentiation and adaptation. (bioone.org)
- Whether envisioned as the product of design or natural selection , or natural selection on the microevolutionary level and design for macroevolutionary changes, the reality is that new adaptations are needed when organisms encounter new environments, and such have arisen for millions of years. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Some cells have special adaptations to their environments. (reference.com)
- We sequenced the whole genomes and transcriptomes of Leishmania donovani strains throughout their adaptation to in vivo conditions mimicking natural vertebrate and invertebrate host environments. (asm.org)
- Our results independently confirm a high rate of adaptive substitution (∼1/3000 generations) and newly suggest that many adaptations are of surprisingly great selective effect (∼1%), reducing the effective population size by ∼15% even in highly recombining regions of the genome. (genetics.org)
- In the case of polymorphism, the effects of adaptation have also been seen in Drosophila: selective sweeps, which are local reductions in linked neutral polymorphism caused by adaptive substitutions, have been repeatedly detected in Drosophila populations, both in detailed studies of individual loci ( e.g . (genetics.org)
- We discuss the potential implications of matching habitat choice for the degree and rate of local adaptation, the evolution of niche width, adaptive peak shifts, speciation in the presence of gene flow, and on our view and interpretation of measures of natural selection. (bioone.org)
- 3057 S. Rengasami Category: Standards Track Tridea Works M. Kalla Telcordia Technologies G. Sidebottom Signatus Technologies January 2006 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Q.921-User Adaptation Layer Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. (ietf.org)
- RFC 4233 ISDN Q.921-User Adaptation Layer January 2006 Table of Contents 1 . (ietf.org)
- Introduction In this document, the term Q.921-User refers to an upper layer that uses the services of Q.921, not the user side of ISDN interface [ 1 ]. (ietf.org)
- This section describes the need for ISDN Q.921-User Adaptation (IUA) layer protocol as well as how this protocol shall be implemented. (ietf.org)
- hence, the procedures described in this document are also applicable for a QSIG adaptation layer. (ietf.org)
- RFC 4233 ISDN Q.921-User Adaptation Layer January 2006 Association - An association refers to an SCTP association. (ietf.org)
- The association will provide the transport for the delivery of Q.921-User protocol data units and IUA adaptation layer peer messages. (ietf.org)
- Abstract This document describes conventions for using the Session Description Protocol (SDP) described in RFC 2327 for controlling ATM Bearer Connections, and any associated ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL). (rfc-editor.org)
- 44 5.6.2 ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL) attributes. (rfc-editor.org)
- There is a great difference between adaptation and acclimation or acclimatization. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
Phenomenon is referred1
- This phenomenon is referred to as noise adaptation . (mit.edu)
- From this we see that adaptation is not just a matter of visible traits: in such parasites critical adaptations take place in the life cycle , which is often quite complex. (wikipedia.org)
- We introduce a method to infer, from the spatial correspondence between polymorphism and divergence, the rate and selective strength of adaptation. (genetics.org)
- For example, in highly recombining regions of the Drosophila genome ( c = 2.5 cM/Mb), a selective sweep associated with a large selection coefficient of 1% should on average depress neutral polymorphism in a region of 100 kb surrounding the adaptation to 60% of its nominal value and to 30% of its nominal value in the surrounding 50 kb ( G illespie 2004 ). (genetics.org)
- Adoption and twin comparisons, and selective adaptation, life span perspective: Prologue. (mit.edu)
- Body size adaptation effects are thought to be higher-level aftereffects. (wikipedia.org)
- supercompensation effects and long-term adaptation. (coursera.org)
- OEEP's CCPO works across USDA to help ensure that the effects of climate change on working lands and rural communities are understood across the Department and that adaptation is integrated into USDA programs, policies and operations based on the most up-to-date science. (usda.gov)
- The 2014 USDA Climate Adaptation Plan provides policy guidance on climate adaptation.The Plan presents strategies and actions to address the effects of climate change on key mission areas including agricultural production, food security, rural development, and forestry and natural resources conservation.The 2014 USDA Climate Change Adaptation Plan includes input from eleven USDA agencies and offices. (usda.gov)
- Our model should allow studies of the impact of aneuploidy on molecular adaptations and cellular fitness. (asm.org)
- you will see training effect used to describe these long term adaptations. (coursera.org)
- Some adaptations may improve reproductive success of the population, but not a particular individual, such as seen in altruistic behavior in social insects . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Dysplasia refers to abnormal changes in cellular shape, size, and/or organization. (wikipedia.org)
- Individuals who are less satisfied with their bodies have been shown to direct more visual attention to thin bodies, resulting in stronger adaptation to thin bodies, suggesting that visual adaptation may provide a mechanism for the association between exposure to thin media portrayals of bodies and body size misperception. (wikipedia.org)
- The basis for crop adaptation is the genetic diversity found in more than 1500 seedbanks around the world. (scienceblog.com)
- WASHINGTON - While people and other vertebrates are color blind in dim light, some deep-sea fish may possess keen color vision to thrive in the near total darkness of their extreme environment thanks to a unique genetic adaptation, scientists said on Thursday. (japantimes.co.jp)
- Key concepts: Climate change mitigation refers to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in order to slow or stop global climate change (i.e. flying less, using renewable energy). (aecom.com)
- Adaptation is considered a key factor that will shape the future severity of climate change impacts on food production. (springer.com)
- No credible or effective agreement to address the challenges of climate change can ignore agriculture and the need for crop adaptation to ensure the world's future food supplies," according to the statement. (scienceblog.com)
- Crop adaptation refers to agriculture's ability to withstand climate change. (scienceblog.com)
- The group called on negotiators to recognize the importance of crop diversity conservation and use as an essential element in the commitments they will make for climate change adaptation. (scienceblog.com)
- Without effective investment in agricultural adaptation right now, future food security will quickly fall victim to climate change," said Cary Fowler, Executive Director, Global Crop Diversity Trust. (scienceblog.com)
- This Departmental Regulation from 2015 provides guidance on the establishment and periodic revision of a USDA Climate Change Adaptation Plan. (usda.gov)
- A century later, experimental field studies and breeding experiments by people such as E. B. Ford and Theodosius Dobzhansky produced evidence that natural selection was not only the 'engine' behind adaptation, but was a much stronger force than had previously been thought. (wikipedia.org)
- YTHDF1 links hypoxia adaptation and non-small cell lung cancer progression. (nih.gov)
- However, if you exercise three to five times a week for several months, the body will make long-term or chronic adaptations to the repeated stress of regular exercise. (coursera.org)
- Some biologists try to avoid terms which imply purpose in adaptation, not least because it suggests a deity's intentions, but others note that adaptation is necessarily purposeful. (wikipedia.org)
- This implies that nutrient adaptation has occurred more recently than adaptation to light and temperature gradients. (pnas.org)
- OCE also provides data, tools and information to assist land managers, stakeholders and USDA agencies and mission areas with adaptation assessments, planning and implementation. (usda.gov)
- Detection of temporal modulation: Temporal modulation refers to a reoccurring change (eg, frequency or amplitude) in the signal over time. (hearingreview.com)
- Cells belonging to these two groups differ not only in light optima and pigmentation ( 5 ) but also in nitrogen ( 6 ) and phosphorus ( 7 ) utilization capabilities, presumably adaptations that are related to depth-dependent nutrient concentrations. (pnas.org)
- The experiment found that perceptual adaptation does, in fact, affect face recognition. (wikipedia.org)
- In addition, we found that men have greater N170 categorical adaptation for face and word processing than women. (frontiersin.org)
- We found that, after extensive training with both kinematic or dynamic perturbations, adaptation to unpracticed, diagonal, perturbations happened along the previously learned structure (vertical or horizontal), and resulting adaptation trajectories were curved. (jneurosci.org)
- Aquatic adaptations are found in those plants and animals that live in water habitats: fresh water, brackish water, and sea water. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- For specific deadlines, refer to individual program descriptions. (drew.edu)
- Adaptation is an observable fact of life accepted by philosophers and natural historians from ancient times, independently of their views on evolution , but their explanations differed. (wikipedia.org)
- The USDA Climate Hubs website hosts information and resources on climate adaptation, impacts, and vulnerabilities, which can be sorted by topic or by region. (usda.gov)
- This General Adaptation Syndrome has three distinct stages. (philmaffetone.com)
- We tested these predictions by investigating how previously learned structures influence subsequent motor adaptation. (jneurosci.org)
- IMCI): evidence and recommendations for further adaptations. (who.int)
- In 18th and 19th century natural theology , adaptation was taken as evidence for the existence of a deity. (wikipedia.org)
- In natural theology , adaptation was interpreted as the work of a deity and as evidence for the existence of God. (wikipedia.org)