The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.
Adjustment of the eyes under conditions of low light. The sensitivity of the eye to light is increased during dark adaptation.
A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Continuation of visual impression after cessation of stimuli causing the original image.
The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade.
Lack of correspondence between the way a stimulus is commonly perceived and the way an individual perceives it under given conditions.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A malabsorption syndrome resulting from extensive operative resection of the SMALL INTESTINE, the absorptive region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Conversion from one language to another language.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Photosensitive afferent neurons located in the peripheral retina, with their density increases radially away from the FOVEA CENTRALIS. Being much more sensitive to light than the RETINAL CONE CELLS, the rod cells are responsible for twilight vision (at scotopic intensities) as well as peripheral vision, but provide no color discrimination.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability of animals to perform physical activities.
A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A mechanism of communicating one's own sensory system information about a task, movement or skill.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Pieces of glass or other transparent materials used for magnification or increased visual acuity.
The absence of light.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.
Photosensitive afferent neurons located primarily within the FOVEA CENTRALIS of the MACULA LUTEA. There are three major types of cone cells (red, blue, and green) whose photopigments have different spectral sensitivity curves. Retinal cone cells operate in daylight vision (at photopic intensities) providing color recognition and central visual acuity.
Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
Recording of electric potentials in the retina after stimulation by light.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.
The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
Inoculation of a series of animals or in vitro tissue with an infectious bacterium or virus, as in VIRULENCE studies and the development of vaccines.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Performance of complex motor acts.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
Differential response to different stimuli.
The process by which cells convert mechanical stimuli into a chemical response. It can occur in both cells specialized for sensing mechanical cues such as MECHANORECEPTORS, and in parenchymal cells whose primary function is not mechanosensory.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
The movement of cells or organisms toward or away from a substance in response to its concentration gradient.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Photosensitive protein complexes of varied light absorption properties which are expressed in the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are OPSINS conjugated with VITAMIN A-based chromophores. Chromophores capture photons of light, leading to the activation of opsins and a biochemical cascade that ultimately excites the photoreceptor cells.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Images seen by one eye.
Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from "parent" cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi in the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, forming mycelia having a metallic sheen. It has been used for research on phototropism.
The point or frequency at which all flicker of an intermittent light stimulus disappears.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
Function of the human eye that is used in bright illumination or in daylight (at photopic intensities). Photopic vision is performed by the three types of RETINAL CONE PHOTORECEPTORS with varied peak absorption wavelengths in the color spectrum (from violet to red, 400 - 700 nm).
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
A 33-amino acid peptide derived from the C-terminal of PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. It stimulates intestinal mucosal growth and decreased apoptosis of ENTEROCYTES. GLP-2 enhances gastrointestinal function and plays an important role in nutrient homeostasis.
The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
A genus of European newts in the Salamandridae family. The two species of this genus are Salamandra salamandra (European "fire" salamander) and Salamandra atra (European alpine salamander).
The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.
The naturally occurring transmission of genetic information between organisms, related or unrelated, circumventing parent-to-offspring transmission. Horizontal gene transfer may occur via a variety of naturally occurring processes such as GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; and TRANSFECTION. It may result in a change of the recipient organism's genetic composition (TRANSFORMATION, GENETIC).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A purplish-red, light-sensitive pigment found in RETINAL ROD CELLS of most vertebrates. It is a complex consisting of a molecule of ROD OPSIN and a molecule of 11-cis retinal (RETINALDEHYDE). Rhodopsin exhibits peak absorption wavelength at about 500 nm.
Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From, 8/4/2000)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.
An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.
Cells specialized to transduce mechanical stimuli and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Mechanoreceptor cells include the INNER EAR hair cells, which mediate hearing and balance, and the various somatosensory receptors, often with non-neural accessory structures.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A decrease in the rate of speed.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.

Predicting delayed anxiety and depression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. (1/5466)

The aim of this study was to examine the possibility of predicting anxiety and depression 6 months after a cancer diagnosis on the basis of measures of anxiety, depression, coping and subjective distress associated with the diagnosis and to explore the possibility of identifying individual patients with high levels of delayed anxiety and depression associated with the diagnosis. A consecutive series of 159 patients with gastrointestinal cancer were interviewed in connection with the diagnosis, 3 months (non-cured patients only) and 6 months later. The interviews utilized structured questionnaires assessing anxiety and depression [Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale], coping [Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale] and subjective distress [Impact of Event (IES) scale]. Patient anxiety and depression close to the diagnosis were found to explain approximately 35% of the variance in anxiety and depression that was found 6 months later. The addition of coping and subjective distress measures did little to improve that prediction. A model using (standardized) cut-off scores of moderate to high anxiety, depression (HAD) and intrusive thoughts (IES subscale) close to the diagnosis to identify patients at risk for delayed anxiety and depression achieved a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 98%. Levels of anxiety and depression at diagnosis predicted a similar status 6 months later. The results also indicated that the HAD scale in combination with the IES intrusion subscale may be used as a tool for detecting patients at risk of delayed anxiety and depression.  (+info)

Misunderstanding in cancer patients: why shoot the messenger? (2/5466)

AIM: We aimed to document the prevalence of misunderstanding in cancer patients and investigate whether patient denial is related to misunderstanding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred forty-four adult cancer outpatients receiving treatment completed a survey assessing levels of understanding and denial. Doctors provided the facts against which patient responses were compared. Multiple logistic regression analyses determined the predictors of misunderstanding. RESULTS: Most patients understood the extent of their disease (71%, 95% CI: 65%-77%) and goal of treatment (60%, 95% CI: 54%-67%). Few correctly estimated the likelihood of treatment achieving cure (18%, 95% CI: 13%-23%), prolongation of life (13%, 95% CI: 8%-17%) and palliation (18%, 95% CI: 10%-27%). Patient denial predicted misunderstanding of the probability that treatment would cure disease when controlling for other patient and disease variables (OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 0.99-4.88, P = 0.05). Patient ratings of the clarity of information received were also predictive of patient understanding. CONCLUSIONS: Patient denial appears to produce misunderstanding, however, doctors' ability to communicate effectively is also implicated. The challenge that oncologists face is how to communicate information in a manner which is both responsive to patients' emotional status and sufficiently informative to allow informed decision-making to take place.  (+info)

Methods used to study household coping strategies in rural South West Uganda. (3/5466)

This paper describes the data collection methods used in a longitudinal study of the coping strategies of 27 households in three villages in the study area of the MRC/ODA Research Programme on AIDS in Uganda. After pre-testing and piloting, 9 local interviewers made regular visits to the 27 study households over a period of just over one year. The households were purposively selected to represent different household types and socioeconomic status categories. Data were obtained through participant observation using a checklist to ensure systematic collection of data on household activities. Debriefing sessions with the interviewers after the visits provided opportunities for the discussion of the findings and exploration of themes for further study. On the basis of the study findings, and data from the Programme's general study population survey rounds, broad indicators of household 'vulnerability' were identified. A participatory appraisal technique, 'well-being ranking', was used at the end of the study in order to test the viability of the chosen indicators. It is proposed that the example of the research method, which relied on local people not only as interviewers but also as co-investigators in the research, be used to guide future research approaches. The participation of the study community at every stage of research and design, as well as monitoring and evaluation of supportive interventions, is strongly encouraged.  (+info)

Perceived stress factors and coping mechanisms among mothers of children with sickle cell disease in western Nigeria. (4/5466)

While many studies have looked at the stressful effects of chronic illness of those who suffer such conditions, less is known about the effects on caregivers, especially in developing countries. Mothers in particular must bear the brunt of care and stress for children who have sickle cell disease (SCD). A sample of 200 mothers attending six SCD clinics in both public and private hospitals in the Ibadan-Ibarapa Health Zone of Oyo State, Nigeria, were interviewed. Stress levels were measured using an instrument comprised of stressors listed by mothers themselves in focus group discussions that preceded the survey. Higher levels of stress were associated with less educated and older women, as well as non-married women and those in polygamous households. Stress levels were also greater when there was more than one child with SCD in the family and when the index child was of school age. Coping mechanisms varied according to the category of stressor. Financial stress and disease factors were met with confrontation while family sources of stress were either complained about, accepted or avoided. Knowledge of the different types of mothers who experience more stress and of their preferred coping mechanisms can be useful in designing clinic-based counseling.  (+info)

Eastward long distance flights, sleep and wake patterns in air crews in connection with a two-day layover. (5/5466)

The present study describes the spontaneous sleep/wake pattern in connection with an eastward (Stockholm to Tokyo, +8 h) transmeridian flight and short (51 h) layovers. To describe all sleep episodes and the recovery process across 4 days, and to relate adjustment to individual differences, 49 Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) air crew were monitored for 9 days with activity monitors and sleep/wake diary before-during-after flight. The outbound flight involved a period of wakefulness extended to 21 h, frequently (87% of air crew) terminated by a long nap in Tokyo which was calm but difficult to wake up from. Then followed two night oriented sleep periods of normal length but of reduced efficiency, containing many and long awakenings. Napping was common during the extended periods of wakefulness, particularly during flights. During the recovery days, ease of rising from sleep in the mornings was difficult throughout, and feelings of not being refreshed returned to baseline levels on the third recovery sleep. Elevated daytime sleepiness (24% of the day) was observed on the first recovery day. No individual differences related to gender, age or position (cabin/pilot) was found in sleep strategy. Poor adjusters, subjects with a perceived lowered capacity on recovery days, showed more premature awakenings abroad and less refreshing sleep during the last 12 months, suggesting a decreased ability to cope with air crew scheduling. Comparisons with a westbound flight showed the eastbound flight layover sleep to be more problematic and containing more napping.  (+info)

Quality of life associated with varying degrees of chronic lower limb ischaemia: comparison with a healthy sample. (6/5466)

OBJECTIVES: To assess quality of life in patients with varying degrees of ischaemia in comparison with controls, and to determine whether the degree of lower limb ischaemia and sense of coherence were associated with quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 168 patients, including 93 claudicants and 75 patients with critical ischaemia and 102 controls were studied. Quality of life was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile in addition to the Sense of Coherence scale. MAIN RESULTS: Patients with lower limb ischaemia scored significantly reduced quality of life in all aspects compared to controls. Pain, physical mobility and emotional reactions were the significant independent factors when using logistic regression analysis. The grade of disease and low sense of coherence were significantly associated with low quality of life. Increasing lower limb ischaemia significantly conferred worse pain, sleeping disturbances and immobility. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the quality of life was impaired among patients with lower limb ischaemia, in all investigated respects. The degree to which quality of life was affected seems to represent an interplay between the grade of ischaemia and the patient's sense of coherence. This suggests the need for a multidimensional assessment prior to intervention.  (+info)

Attitudes toward colon cancer gene testing: factors predicting test uptake. (7/5466)

OBJECTIVES: Genetic discoveries in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) have made possible genetic testing to determine susceptibility to this form of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study measured the uptake of genetic testing for HNPCC among first-degree relatives of CRC patients and conducted a preliminary analysis of the predictors of test uptake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 77 test acceptors and 181 decliners on demographic, medical history, and psychological characteristics, controlling for distance from the testing center. The psychological factors studied were risk perception for CRC, frequency of cancer thoughts, and perceived ability to cope with unfavorable genetic information. RESULTS: In the final regression model, after accounting for all variables, the significant predictors of test uptake were increased risk perception, greater perceived confidence in ability to cope with unfavorable genetic information, more frequent cancer thoughts, and having had at least one colonoscopy. The association between risk perception and uptake was dependent on frequency of cancer thoughts. Among those who thought about getting CRC more often, the probability of testing increased as perceived risk increased to approximately 50% likelihood of getting CRC and then leveled off. In contrast, among those who never or rarely thought about getting CRC, risk perception was unrelated to testing decision. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings are consistent with the associations reported between psychological factors and other cancer screening behaviors.  (+info)

Intention to learn results of genetic testing for hereditary colon cancer. (8/5466)

INTRODUCTION: This report investigates the correlates of intention to find out genetic test results in colorectal cancer patients undergoing genetic counseling and testing for hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer. Specifically, we investigated whether intention to learn genetic test results was associated with sociodemographic factors, medical history, psychosocial factors, attitudes, beliefs, and decisional considerations related to genetic testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 342 colorectal cancer patients who went through an informed consent process and gave blood for genetic testing and who were eligible for a psychosocial questionnaire study, 269 cases completed a baseline interview. Patients were contacted in person during a routine clinic visit or by letter and follow-up telephone call and were interviewed either in person or by telephone. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, intention to learn test results was positively associated with income, quality of life, a belief that being tested will help family members prevent cancer, being worried about carrying an altered gene, and a belief that one has the ability to cope with test results. It was negatively associated with a belief that genetic counseling is too much trouble relative to the benefits. Intention also was positively associated with scales measuring the pros of learning test results and the pros of informing relatives about test results; it was negatively associated with the cons of learning test results. In multivariable analysis, the belief that testing would help family members prevent cancer, being worried about carrying an altered gene, and the pros of learning test results remained statistically associated with intention when other variables were included in the model. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that the positive aspects of genetic testing were more strongly associated with intention than were the negative aspects. They also showed that persons who stated an intention to learn their genetic test results were more likely than persons who did not to affirm both the benefits and the importance of such testing. These results are consistent with the literature on psychosocial aspects of genetic testing for breast cancer.  (+info)

Results: Trainee clinical psychologists reported high levels of stress, but as a group did not experience extensive problems of psychological adaptation in terms of anxiety, depression, selfesteem problems, marital problems, family problems, external stressors, interpersonal conflict, work adjustment or substance abuse. However, a significant subgroup reported self-esteem problems, work adjustment problems, depression and anxiety. Gender, age, year of training and training course were related to psychological adaptation. Appraisal processes, coping and social support predicted a significant amount of variation in psychological adaptation. Appraisals of threat, avoidance coping, emotional support from clinical supervisors, emotional support from courses and emotional support from a confidante at home all predicted the variance in psychological adaptation over time ...
Many children with chronic health conditions (CHC) are at increased risk for poor adaptation such as psychosocial problems, behavioral disturbances, and decreased quality of life (QOL). Their parents face economic, social and emotional challenges. In addition, management of the CHC and the involvement of the child in that management can severely challenge both child and parent. Effective coping has been shown to moderate the negative impact of CHC. This study is a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of adapting a Coping Skills Training (CST) intervention developed for children with diabetes. The CST intervention will be adapted for an integrated sample of school-aged children 8 to 12 years of age with four health conditions (Rheumatologic Conditions, Epilepsy,Spina Bifida, and Asthma). The study will be a randomized clinical trial with a wait-list control group. Each arm will consist of 25 families. CST is a 6-session group intervention based on cognitive behavioral ...
In the analysis conducted to identify factors affecting the general publics anticipated coping behavior in response to MI symptoms, the awareness of early MI symptoms was identified as the most influential predictor of the anticipated coping behavior. It has been reported that in Hong Kong, the awareness of early MI symptoms was found to influence inappropriate anticipated coping behavior [15], a finding consistent with the current study finding. According to the analysis of appropriate anticipated coping behavior by the awareness of each of the major MI symptoms, only 53.6% of those who were aware of the pain in the jaw, neck, or back and only 45.7% of those who were aware of the pain in the arms or shoulders chose calling 911 as the anticipated coping behavior. In contrast, the proportion of participants who chose calling 911 was the highest, 69.9%, in those who recognized chest pain as an MI symptom. Thus, it can be inferred that it is likely for bystanders to perform inappropriate coping ...
Individuals living with a pathological-gambling partner can experience significant psychological distress. In this report, we conduct a preliminary evaluation of a coping skills training program (CST) for this population. Twenty-three individuals experiencing stress from living with a pathological-g …
Abstract: Nonsuicidal self-injury is an important concern that has received limited attention. In this study, the authors explored several factors differentiating three student groups: never self-injured, self-injured in the past, and currently self-injure. Among the factors investigated, results showed that currently self-injuring students were younger, less likely to use problem-focused coping behaviors, and substantially more likely to be in counseling. College counseling implications, effect sizes, and limitations are discussed.. Coping behaviors, abuse history, and counseling: Differentiating college students who self-injure ...
In step 2, they assessed the contribution to work engagement of avoidance coping strategies: avoidance and ventilating emotions. Table 6 gives the results.. Table 6 shows that approach coping strategies predicted 15% of the variance in the work engagement of the technicians (F = 6.25, p , 0.01). The regression coefficients of two coping strategies, namely problem-focused coping (β = 0.21, p , 0.01) and positive reinterpretation and growth (β = 0.17, p , 0.01), were statistically significant. When the researchers entered avoidance coping strategies as independent variables (in step 2), it resulted in a statistically significant increase in predicting the variance in work engagement (Δ F = 4.90, p , 0.01, Δ R2 = 0.04). The regression coefficients of two coping strategies, namely problem-focused coping (β = 0.23, p , 0.01) and ventilating emotions (β = -0.23, p , 0.01), were statistically significant.. Finally, approach coping strategies predicted 15% of the variance in the work engagement of ...
Fitzsimmons et al (1999) also discovered that patients perception of quality of life was mediated by the process of coping. Telch and Telch (1986) reported that people in a control group that did not include coping skills training did not adjust as well to their illness as people in a support group that included coping skills training.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C. AU - Langston, Simon. AU - Edwards, Mark S.. AU - Lyvers, Michael. PY - 2018/2/1. Y1 - 2018/2/1. N2 - Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to ...
Almond, Douglas, Lena Edlund, and Mårten Palme. 2007. Chernobyls Subclinical Legacy: Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout and School Outcomes in Sweden. Arai, Y., and N. Ikegami. 1998. Health Care Systems in Transition II. Japan, Part I. An Overview of the Japanese Health Care Systems. Journal of Public Health. Berger, Eva M. 2010. The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos. Berlemann, Michael. 2016. Does Hurricane Risk Affect Individual Well-Being? Empirical Evidence on the Indirect Effects of Natural Disasters. Ecological Economics. Cameron, A. C., P. K. Trivedi, Frank Milne, and J. Piggott. 1988. A Microeconometric Model of the Demand for Health Care and Health Insurance in Australia. The Review of Economic Studies 55 (1): 85-106. Cameron, Lisa, and Manisha Shah. 2015. Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake ...
According to Pop EP, the human brain consists of a large collection of functionally specialized computational devices that evolved to solve the adaptive problems regularly encountered by our hunter-gatherer ancestors (from the Web site of the Center for Evolutionary Psychology at U.C.S.B.). Just as evolution by natural and sexual selection has endowed all humans with morphological adaptations such as hearts and kidneys, Pop EP says, so it has endowed all humans with a set of psychological adaptations, or mental organs. These include psychological mechanisms, or functionally specialized computational devices, for language, face recognition, spatial perception, tool use, mate attraction and retention, parental care and a wide variety of social relations, among other things. Collectively, these psychological adaptations constitute a universal human nature. Individual and cultural differences are, by this account, the result of our common nature responding to variable local circumstances, ...
To determine whether coping strategies modify the risk of depression among allogeneic recipients experiencing post-transplant-related symptomatology, 105 participants (mean age = 52 years, 42% female) completed questionnaires 90 days post-transplant. A total of 28 percent reported depressive symptoms. Univariate correlations indicated that depression was associated with greater transplant-related symptomatology and avoidance, acceptance/resignation, and emotional discharge coping. Depression was negatively associated with problem-solving coping. Moderator analyses indicated that transplant-related symptomatology was significantly associated with depression among patients who frequently used maladaptive coping and rarely used adaptive coping. These data suggest that transplant-related symptomatology, combined with maladaptive coping, place patients at risk of depression.
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the effectiveness of a self-management multimodal comprehensive coping strategy program (CCSP) on quality of life (QOL) among breast cancer patients 1 year after treatment.. METHODS: Patients (n = 110) with stage II, III, or IV breast cancer scheduled to receive high dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were randomized to either CCSP treatment or control group. The CCSP intervention was taught 2 week before hospital admission with reinforcement at specified times during treatment and 3 months after discharge. The CCSP components included educational information, cognitive restructuring, coping skills enhancement, and relaxation with guided imagery. Instruments administered at baseline included the following: Quality of Life Index-Cancer Version (QOLI-CV), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and Coping Strategies Questionnaire. At 1-year follow-up, patients (n = 73) completed and returned the ...
Purpose: How individuals cope with aspects of cystic fibrosis (CF) has the potential to influence their self management and the course of their disease. To evaluate how individuals cope with CF, a disease specific coping scale was developed and validated. A second objective of the work was to examine the relationship between coping styles and treatment adherence.. Methods: The development of the coping scale constituted a longitudinal design. A cross-sectional questionnaire design was used to examine the coping-adherence relationship. The development and validation of the coping scale comprised three phases: (1) Initially, 60 patients were interviewed to identify CF concerns. From this information a list of 23 concerns were recorded; (2) Eighty-three patients were interviewed to identify CF coping responses. For each concern, they were asked what they did or thought to ease the worry. A list of 24 coping strategies were recorded that formed a comprehensive set of items as to how people with CF ...
About Emotion-Focused Cognitive Therapy Emotion Focused Cognitive Therapy argues that it is time for a new focus in psychotherapy based on emotion, and presents an innovative approach to the treatment of clients with emotional disorders. Features an approach based on the latest work in cognition and emotion Offers psychologists an innovative way of working in therapy Draws on the strengths evidence-based cognitive behavioural and interpersonal approaches to psychotherapy Provides relevant case examples throughout the text Additional resources for the book available online here Show more ...
Caregivers of children with newly diagnosed brain tumors admitted to Childrens of Alabama were enrolled during the childs initial hospitalization for surgical treatment from April 2016 to August 2017. The single-item, National Comprehensive Cancer Network visual analog Distress Thermometer (DT) was administered. Clinical and demographic variables were collected from the medical record. Approximately 1 month after patients were discharged from the hospital, caregivers participated in a semistructured interview that included questions about parent and family coping strategies. Broad questions about stress management since diagnosis were followed by specific questions about individual coping strategies. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded for common themes. Themes were broadly characterized as adaptive versus maladaptive coping. Analysis was then performed to determine if DT scores or clinical or demographic factors were associated with the presence of maladaptive coping using a ...
Authors: Kegel, Jessica , Dux, Moira , Macko, Richard Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability and sequelae may include physical, emotional, and cognitive impairments. The methods employed to cope with distress, both emotional and cognitive, have not been evaluated in individuals post-stroke. However, research in traumatic brain injury (TBI) suggests that executive function is positively correlated with adaptive coping and negatively correlated with maladaptive coping strategies (Krpan et al., 2007). Examination of these constructs post-stroke may assist with enriching our understanding of cognitive and emotional symptomatology and optimize rehabilitation strategies. Objective: The present study aimed to assess the association between executive function and coping strategies …in a sample of chronic stroke survivors. The researchers hypothesized that executive function would be positively correlated with adaptive coping strategies and ...
Psychological flexibility is a powerful tool being utilized in the mental health world for resilience. Learn about psychological flexibility and how it can help you.
Cel: Celem przeprowadzonego badania było sprawdzenie, czy istnieje związek między wczesnymi nieadaptacyjnymi schematami wyróżnionymi przez Younga i współpracowników a depresją u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu. Podjęto też próbę odpowiedzi na pytanie o związki schematów z wybranymi zmiennymi dotyczącymi uzależnienia od alkoholu, a także występowaniem tendencji suicydalnych u alkoholików. Materiał i metody: W badaniu wzięło udział 77 osób uzależnionych od alkoholu - 19 kobiet oraz 58 mężczyzn. Zastosowano Kwestionariusz Schematów Younga (Young Schema Questionnaire, YSQ-S3), Skalę Depresji Becka (Becks Depression Inventory, BDI), Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Wyniki: Na podstawie otrzymanych wyników można stwierdzić, iż 16 z 18 schematów jest powiązanych dodatnio i istotnie statystycznie z poziomem depresji u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu. Najsilniejsze związki odnotowano w przypadku schematu deprywacji emocjonalnej, izolacji/wyobcowania i ...
The Scientific World Journal is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board is divided into 81 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
Background: Individuals with chronic heart failure (CHF) need to cope with both the physical limitations and the psychological impacts of the disease. Since some coping strategies are beneficial and others are linked to increased mortality and worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL), it is important to have a reliable and valid instrument to detect different coping styles. Brief coping orientation to problems experienced (COPE), a self-reporting questionnaire, has been previously used in the context of CHF. There is, however, currently a lack of consensus about the theoretical or empirical foundations for grouping the multiple coping strategies assessed by Brief COPE into higher order categories of coping. The main purpose of this study was to examine the structure of Brief COPE, founded on the higher order grouping of its subscales in order to establish an assessment model supported by theoretical considerations. Furthermore, the associations between these higher order categories of coping ...
Abstract: Background: Health-promoting practices, such as eating a nutrient-rich diet and being physically active, are considered proactive coping behaviors when they pre-emptively reduce the amount of stress individuals experience. However, when people experience stress they tend to cope by adopting health-defeating behaviors, such as consuming energy-dense foods or becoming less active. These be... read morehaviors have weight implications. This thesis explores the extent to which the relationships among proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors influence body weight. Aims: This study examines: 1) Associations between proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and weight status among new immigrant (,10 years in the US) mothers and, 2) Effects of relationships between and longitudinal changes in proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors on weight status in college students. Methods: For aim 1, cross-sectional data from the Live Well Immigrant Health ...
Author Sarah Wilson discusses what happened when she was plagued with anxiety and how she deals with living with it in a positive way.
Find Coping Skills Therapists, Psychologists and Coping Skills Counseling in Ballantyne East, Charlotte, get help for Coping Skills in Ballantyne East, Charlotte.
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NEW YORK, Nov. 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- ProfNet Experts Available on Coping with Political Defeat, Alzheimers, Healthcare Automation and More. Also in...
Learn more about Tips on Coping With Anemia Related to Chemotherapy at TriStar Centennial Chemotherapy has many side effects. One in particular, anemia, ...
It has often been assumed that the amount of pain a person experiences is directly proportional to the amount of tissue damage. How people cope or deal with their pain experience has been shown to be an important factor in determining the level of pain and disability. The most widely used instrument is the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ). The CSQ is designed to assess a participants normal means of coping with painful situations. Despite the popularity of the CSQ as a research and clinical instrument, a shorter version would be beneficial for a number of reasons. The current study assessed the properties of a shorter version of the CSQ that was developed in the lab. The study included 22 chronic pain patients who were asked to complete a number of measures that assessed pain, activity interference, coping, functional status, and mood. The results of the study suggest that the internal reliability of the short-form of the CSQ is not comparable to the original version. However, correlation ...
This study aimed to gain an insight into the general coping strategies used by sport psychology consultants (SPCs) based in the UK, and an in-depth understanding of their development and impact. To achieve these aims a mixed-method approach was adopted by means of two linked studies. In study one, BASES accredited and/or BPS chartered SPCs (n = 29) completed the modified COPE inventory (Crocker & Graham, 1995) to gain a better understanding of the general coping strategies used by practitioners. In study two, follow-up interviews (n = 6) with participants sampled from study one were conducted to explore how the reported strategies were developed, the perceived impact of coping/not coping with stressors, and how future SPCs may be better prepared for the stressful nature of consultancy. Findings suggested that the participants had a statistically significant preference to using problem-focused coping strategies. Further, the interviews suggested that coping strategies were primarily developed ...
Cancer represents a major health challenge worldwide, and affects a substantial proportion of the human population. Studies of cancer treatment has traditionally assessed endpoints such as overall survival and progression free survival. In order to better understand and evaluate the overall impact of the disease and its treatment, researchers eventually also included evaluation of health related quality of life (HRQoL) after cancer treatment. Knowledge of patients HRQoL and what affects cancer patients psychological adaptation to treatment and survival has become increasingly important considering the growing number of cancer patients who survive. In this thesis, we have studied the relationship between HRQoL and psychosocial factors such as personality, choice of coping, and distress (GHQ) in patients treated for Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). Except for distress, we have studied the same factors in patients treated for Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC). We have also examined the ...
Here is a useful compendium of information that expands the options available in the treatment of pain in chronically and terminally ill patients. Noninvasive Approaches to Pain Management in the Terminally Ill presents a multidimensional perspective on pain which includes the psychological, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of pain as well as physical factors. Full of practical and useful information, this important book teaches nurses, physicians, physical therapists, psychologists, and hospice workers how to help their patients cope with pain more effectively. A variety of methods of pain assessment and control are discussed, increasing the range of practical techniques available to caregivers working to improve patient comfort. The therapeutic modalities explained, including relaxation, hypnosis, coping skills training, massage, and mobilization, can be used as adjuncts to more traditional medical and pharmacological interventions. Treatment modalities are discussed in detail, enabling their
Objective. Ethnic groups may experience or report pain differently ; thus, we compared ethnic differences on pain coping strategies and control beliefs, and the relationships of these variables to health status, among women with rheumatoid arthritis RA. Methods. Using a sample of 100 women 48 African-American, 52 Caucasian, we related pain...
When trying to help kids cope with difficult emotions (e.g., mad, sad, scared), its good to have them practice using coping skills. But many kids either dont know any good coping skills, or only know a couple. Depending on the situation, some coping skills arent an option, or they simply wont work. To help kids be best able to cope with difficult emotions, its helpful for them to have a lot of coping skills they can choose from. Here, I go through 15 that are likely to be helpful.
View Notes - HCA 250 Week 6-CheckPoint - Coping Styles and Psychological Preparation from HCA 250 at Aachen University of Applied Sciences. Coping Styles and Psychological Preparation Coping Styles
So, okay, given the problem I wrote about in my last post, we can start to see drinking (in an abusive way) in a new light: namely, that we work really hard to justify our actions and keep them in balance with our self-evaluation/self-understanding. If you feel good about yourself, you justify your actions accordingly. If you feel bad about yourself, you likewise justify your actions. Because self-justification is so deep seeded, because it is needed for survival and one of the psychological adaptations that keeps us moving quickly through a dangerous world, it is extremely difficult to push back against the immediate calculations that keep us balanced with the narratives of ourselves that we call memories. We have to break those narratives and break some modes of self-justification, to stop drinking (we being problem drinkers to some extent ...
This article describes a method developed to assess coping with schizophrenia by inpatients and outpatients. The approach is based on a transactional theory of coping. Symptoms related to the disease, subjective appraisals given by the 40 patients, and coping behavior are assessed using a list of disease-related strains, rating scales, and a semi-structured interview. Results of this study indicate that the patients appraisals of the effects of their efforts to cope may not be realistic, leading to a low degree of satisfaction. Coping, described as problem-centered versus nonproblem-centered and as behavioral, cognitive, or emotional, seemed to be related to the patients clinical status. Nonproblem-centered strategies predominated in the highly strained groups, along with a tendency to more emotional and less cognitive coping.
The purpose of this study was to examine organisational stressors, coping, and perceptions of coping effectiveness with an elite coach. The participant completed a daily diary over a 28-day period. Each diary entry consisted of an open-ended stressor, a coping response section, and a Likert-type scale measure of coping effectiveness. Inductive and deductive content analysis procedures were used to analyse the diaries, in addition to frequency data which were obtained for both stressors and coping strategies. Findings indicated administration, overload, competition environment, the athletes, and team atmosphere were the salient organisational stressors. Coping strategies used to alleviate such stressors were communication, preparation, planning, social support, and self-talk. These strategies were generally effective, but coping effectiveness declined over the 28-days.. ...
Causing a Bad Bipolar Day - What Did I Do Wrong Yesterday? - If you have a bad bipolar day, you might wonder what you did wrong yesterday to cause it. I know I feel this way. I know I look for causes. And I know it f... ...
I am a mom of a bipolar son who was diagnosed when he was 12 years old and is now 31. He and I have a very strong bond and whenever he triggers an episode he refuses any kind of help as he lives in fear of previous episodes where he has been arrested, tazered by the police, and hospitalized. He lives with his girlfriend who is 13 years older than him and suffers with an anxiety disorder. They both take their medications regularly but my son has absolutely no coping abilities and he triggers many episodes because he doesnt get proper sleep or have a good structured life. They both are on ODSP for their conditions and both do not know how to budget money! Every episode he has (which seems to be ongoing now) he is extremely mean to me and I happen to be a very sensitive caring mom that will never give up on him but as I am getting older now (59) i do not have the same coping ability and I live in constant tears as I am heart broken!! What to do??? Any advice would be most appreciated ...
This laboratory study was designed to address a number of interrelated issues regarding cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress. One objective was to extend the previous research comparing cardiovascular responses during active versus passive coping, by comparing responses to two task conditions designed to be similar in all ways except the opportunity to make a response influencing the tasks outcome. A second objective was to compare responses to two different passive film tasks, which differed in outcome uncertainty and the degree of vicarious active coping achieved through identification with the role portrayed by the actors. A third objective was to evaluate whether individuals are predisposed to exhibit a particular hemodynamic pattern underlying their blood pressure adjustments, independently of the task demands imposed. Ninety healthy young adult male subjects were tested in pairs on a series of tasks that included a competitive reaction-time task, an active as well as a ...
If anxiety is a regular presence in your life, it may be time to develop coping strategies. Start with these steps for dealing with an anxiety attack.
The emotional and psychological health can have a powerful influence on your overall wellness. Perception Reframing can help with anxiety, stress and more...
American stereotypes of Africa and Africans run the gamut, but over the last century, it is safe to say that more people have viewed it as the land of famine, warlords, tragedy and disaster, than the land of opportunity. Ever since the wildly viral Kony 2012 video played right into that with its characterization of the dangers that people, especially women and children, face in one part of Africa thanks to the notoriously violent Kony.. The people behind wanted to bring about better understanding of those who have been misunderstood for so long. Africa is a big continent and they wanted to showcase another side to it. Peoples impressions of Africa are all in the form of mental images based on pictures we have seen, more so than text we have read.. How best to change the image of Africa? They decided to produce a 30-minute video called Africa Straight Up as part of the long process of reframing peoples perceptions of Africa. The video has interviews with some of Africas leading ...
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Positive Reframing Disability describes the stages that people with disabilities experience. Their journeys are not linear. They progress and regress and may go through stages multiple times and/or simultaneously
Remember also that gene expression in behavior is not mathematically precise. In other words, you could have responded many different ways to different environments (within definite biologically determined boundaries). The clone would not be you; he or she might unpredictably behave differently from you. Lets say both you and therefore (presumably) your clone have a rebellious streak under certain circumstances, and have an orderly streak under others. You were reared, lets say, in a permissive environment, and your coping response was to call on your orderly streak, leading you to blossom into the upright example you doubtless are at present. But supposing you were to raise your clone in a (even only infinitesimally) more restrictive, less permissive environment. (Such as an enviroment in which your every move, feeling, and thought were anxiously monitored and commented upon by a weirdo parent.) In that case, the clones prevalent coping response may be to call upon his/your rebellious ...
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Grief is not a topic any of us really like to focus on as it brings up feelings, thoughts, and memories associated with heartache and … Read more. ...
If youve recently lost someone you love - a parent, sibling, friend, child - the holidays are the hardest times of the year. Here are some tips for getting through the holidays without your loved one.
Psychological adaptations fall under the scope of evolved psychological mechanisms (EPMs), however, EPMs refer to a less ... One psychological adaptation found solely in women is pregnancy sickness. This is an adaptation resulting from natural ... A hybrid resolution to psychological adaptations and learned behaviours refers to an adaptation as the species' capacity for a ... "Evaluating evidence of psychological adaptation: How do we know one when we see one?". Psychological Science. 15 (10): 643-649 ...
Psychological Review. 78 (6): 459-486. doi:10.1037/h0031878. PMID 4941414. Brown, G; Kelehear, C; Shine, R (2013). "The early ... Evolutionary selective adaptations are most likely to occur in native species having lived sympatrically with cane toads over ... One way in which Australian animals have adjusted to the presence of the cane toad is through learned behavioural adaptations. ... Furthermore, the presence of cane toads has induced genetically based behavioural adaptations in this snake species. ...
Clifford, Colin (23 August 2007). "Re: Visual Adaptation: Neural, psychological and computation aspects". Vision Research. 47 ( ... Body size adaptation effects are thought to be higher-level aftereffects. Webster, Michael A. (2015-11-18). "Visual Adaptation ... resulting in stronger adaptation to thin bodies, suggesting that visual adaptation may provide a mechanism for the association ... the aftereffects of visual adaptation will subside. Studies have also shown that visual adaptation occurs in the early stages ...
Psychological Review. 73 (1): 16-43. doi:10.1037/h0022681. PMID 5324565. Pearson, KG (2000). "Neural adaptation in the ... There is fast adaptation and slow adaptation. Fast adaptation occurs immediately after a stimulus is presented i.e., within ... This is called dark adaptation. Auditory adaptation, as perceptual adaptation with other senses, is the process by which ... Neural adaptation or sensory adaptation is a gradual decrease over time in the responsiveness of the sensory system to a ...
In a psychological construction model, basic psychological processes like affect (positive or negative feeling combined with ... Lazarus, R. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Frijda, Nico H. (1986). The emotions. New ... Russell, J.A. (2003). "Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion". Psychological Review. 110 (1): 145-172. ... American Psychological Association. pp. 517-543. doi:10.1037/10436-022. hdl:2078.1/92730. ISBN 978-1557987365. Graham, Steven M ...
Lazarus notes the widely accepted philosophical principle that "happiness depends on the background psychological status of the ... Emotion and Adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-506994-5. Kirsch, Irving (1999). How expectancies ... American Psychological Association. Vissing-Jorgenson (2003). "Perspectives on Behavioral Finance: Does "Irrationality" ... Irving Kirsch, a renowned psychological researcher, writes about "response-expectancies" which are: expectations about non- ...
"Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire™ (SACQ™)". Western Psychological Services. 1987. Retrieved April 22, 2014. Baker, ... The Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (abbreviated SACQ) is a 67-item self-report inventory designed by Robert W. ... "Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire". Retrieved April 22, 2014. Baker, Robert W.; Siryk, Bohdan. "SACQ Sample Report" ( ... This would later grow into the Student Adaptation to Colleges Questionnaire. The questionnaire is a 67-item self-report ...
Psychological suffering as an inevitable, and sometimes useful, part of human existence has been long-recognised, and the idea ... The human body has evolved to cope with the environments of scarcity, selecting for beneficial adaptations of hunger and eating ... Psychological suffering and various cognitive states which may seem unhealthy or disorderly may equally be products of ... Andrews PW, Thomson JA (July 2009). "The bright side of being blue: depression as an adaptation for analyzing complex problems ...
... which may be viewed as an argument for an environmental versus genetic psychological adaptation. While certain mental disorders ... Thus depression may be a social adaptation especially useful in motivating a variety of social partners, all at once, to help ... Keller, Matthew C.; Neese, Randolph M. (May 2005). "Is low mood an adaptation? Evidence for subtypes with symptoms that match ... Andrews, P.W.; Thompson, J.A. (2009). "The bright side of being blue: depression as an adaptation for analyzing complex ...
As such humans are argued to have developed a range of psychological mechanisms for handling this. Punishment can be a ... Such theories are highly controversial, as traditional theories typically do not consider rape to be a behavioral adaptation. ... Sociobiological theories of rape are theories that explore to what degree, if any, evolutionary adaptations influence the ... Harpending, H. C., & Sobus, J. (1987). Sociopathy as an adaptation. Ethology and Sociobiology, 8, 63-72. Daly & Wilson (2007) ...
However, he encourages such evidence to be obtained: "Whether human males possess psychological adaptations for rape will only ... Is rape an adaptation? McKibbin, W. F.; Shackelford, T. K.; Goetz, A. T.; Starratt, V. G. (2008). "Why do men rape? An ... Evolutionary psychologist David Buss states that clear-cut evidence for or against rape as an adaptation is lacking. He states ... Vandermassen also notes two problems with the data cited by Thornhill and Palmer regarding the psychological trauma caused by ...
Psychological Review, 83, 235-245. Giles, H., Taylor, D. M., & Bourhis, R. Y. (1973). Towards a theory of interpersonal ... This is a strategic adaptation which was introduced by Ickes et al., in 1982. In summation, interpersonal adaptation theory ... the dyadic model of the interaction adaptation theory was created. The interaction adaptation model is derived from five key ... Interpersonal (Interaction) adaptation theory (IAT) is often referred to as a theory of theories. Several theories have been ...
Psychological Bulletin, 110, 406-425. Aubry, X, Tefft, B., & Kingsbury, N. (1990). Behavioral and psychological consequences of ... Psychological bulletin, 118(1), 3. Chicago Thibaut, J. W, & Kelley, H. H. (1959). The social psychology of groups.New York: ... The Vulnerability Stress Adaptation (VSA) Model is a framework for conceptualizing the dynamic processes of marriage, created ... Langer, A., Lawrence, E., & Barry, R. A. (2008). Using a vulnerability-stress-adaptation framework to predict physical ...
Shackelford, T (2002). "Psychological adaptation to human sperm competition". Evolution and Human Behavior. 23 (2): 123-138. ... Shackelford, Todd K.; Pound, Nicholas; Goetz, Aaron T. (2005). "Psychological and Physiological Adaptations to Sperm ... The human penis has been argued to have several evolutionary adaptations. The purpose of these adaptations is to maximise ... "Psychological adaptation to human sperm competition". Evolution and Human Behavior. 23 (2): 123-138. doi:10.1016/S1090-5138(01) ...
Shackelford, T.K; Goetz, Aaron T. (2007). "Adaptation to sperm competition in humans". Current Directions in Psychological ... "Psychological and physiological adaptations to sperm competition in humans" (PDF). Review of General Psychology. 9 (3): 228-248 ... Dozens of adaptations have been documented in males that help them succeed in sperm competition. Mate-guarding is a defensive ... The adaptation of sperm traits, such as length, viability and velocity might be constrained by the influence of cytoplasmic DNA ...
Shackelford, T. K.; Goetz, A. T. (2007). "Adaptation to Sperm Competition in Humans". Current Directions in Psychological ...
Shackelford, T. K.; Goetz, A. T. (2007). "Adaptation to Sperm Competition in Humans". Current Directions in Psychological ... John A. Byers (1997). American Pronghorn: Social Adaptations and the Ghosts of Predators Past. University of Chicago Press. ... John A. Byers (1997). American Pronghorn: Social Adaptations and the Ghosts of Predators Past. University of Chicago Press. ... R. Yagil (1985). The desert camel: comparative physiological adaptation. Karger. ISBN 978-3-8055-4065-0. Archived from the ...
Hobfoll S.E. (2002). "Social and psychological resources and adaptation". Review of General Psychology. 6 (4): 307-324. doi: ... Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pp. 51-87. Cropanzano R.; Rupp D.E.; Byrne Z.S. (2003). "The relationship ... Zapf D. (2002). "Emotion work and psychological well-being. A review of the literature and some conceptual considerations". ... or psychological (for example, self-esteem or sense of autonomy). The COR's theory suggest that people must invest resources in ...
Adolescent Boys in High School: A Psychological Study of Coping and Adaptation. 1 edition. Routledge; 2019. ISBN 978-1-138- ... Adaptation applies to the idea that all interventions need to be able to adapt to changing environmental circumstances so they ... Social psychological applications to social issues, Vol. 4. New York, NY, US: Plenum Press. pp. 61-86. ISBN 978-0-306-45679-4. ... Social psychological applications to social issues, Vol. 4. New York, NY, US: Plenum Press. pp. 61-86. ISBN 978-0-306-45679-4. ...
Hobfoll, S.E. (2002). "Social and psychological resources and adaptation". Review of General Psychology. 6 (4): 307-24. doi: ... Two different underlying psychological processes play a role in the development of job strain and motivation. The first are ... Job demands: physical, psychological, social, or organizational aspects of the job, that require sustained physical and/or ... Job resources: physical, psychological, social, or organizational aspects of the job that are either: functional in achieving ...
McLaughlin, Barry (1977). "Second-language learning in children". Psychological Bulletin. 84 (3): 438-459. doi:10.1037/0033- ... ISBN 978-90-272-5875-5. Bialystok, Ellen (March 2017). "The bilingual adaptation: How minds accommodate experience". ... and psychological outcomes". Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 29 (7): 840-860. doi:10.1080/10911359.2019. ... Psychological Bulletin. 143 (3): 233-262. doi:10.1037/bul0000099. PMC 5324728. PMID 28230411. Kovelman, Ioulia; Baker, ...
"General Intelligence as a Domain-Specific Adaptation". Psychological Review. American Psychological Association. 111 (2): 512- ... Borsboom, Denny; Dolan, Conor V. (2006). "Why g is not an adaptation: a comment on Kanazawa (2004)". Psychological Review. 113 ... information processing psychological adaptation, and in 2010, Kanazawa argued that g correlated only with performance on ... Some researchers have argued that it is more far-ranging and universal than any other known psychological variable, and that ...
American Psychological Association. 46 (6): 1022-1047. doi:10.1037/xlm0000770. eISSN 1939-1285. ISSN 0278-7393. PMC 7117987. ... Translating the user interface is usually part of the software localization process, which also includes adaptations such as ... Miller, LK (1999). "The savant syndrome: Intellectual impairment and exceptional skill". Psychological Bulletin. 125 (1): 31-46 ... ISBN 978-0-631-22735-9. Bialystok, Ellen (March 2017). "The bilingual adaptation: How minds accommodate experience". ...
"General intelligence as a domain-specific adaptation". Psychological Review. American Psychological Association. 111 (2): 512- ... Borsboom D, Dolan CV (April 2006). "Why g is not an adaptation: a comment on Kanazawa (2004)". Psychological Review. 113 (2): ... information processing psychological adaptation, and in 2010, Kanazawa argued that g correlated only with performance on ... This adaptation enabled the human brain to continue to grow, but it imposed a new discipline. It is to be noted that ...
Visual adaptation: Neural, psychological and computational aspects. Vision Research. 2007; 47(25): 3125-3131, ...
McKibbin W. F., Shackelford T. K., Goetz A. T., Starratt V. G. (2008). "Why do men rape? An evolutionary psychological ... Palmer C. T. (1991). "Human rape: Adaptation or by‐product?". Journal of Sex Research. 28 (3): 365-386. doi:10.1080/ ... doi:10.1016/0162-3095(83)90027-4. Koukounas E., Letch N. M. (2001). "Psychological correlates of perception of sexual intent in ... These evolutionary explanations serve only to increase the psychological understanding of sexual behaviors. Sexual ...
Psychological impact of cancer and its treatment IV. Adaptation to radical mastectomy. Cancer, 8(4), 656-672. Bard, M., & ... There, he analyzed the psychological effects of cancer and cancer surgery. During this time, Bard shifted the psychological ... In 1982, he was awarded the New York State Psychological Association 's Kurt Lewin Award. In 1985, he was appointed to a ... In 1982, Bard was named chairman of the American Psychological Association's task force on victims of crime and violence. ...
Kohn, A; Movshon, J.A (2003). "Neuronal adaptation to visual motion in area MT of the macaque". Neuron. 39 (4): 681-691. doi: ... Psychological Bulletin. 135 (1): 23-49. doi:10.1037/a0013974. PMC 2747326. PMID 19210052. Larsson, J; Smith, A.T (2012). "fMRI ... Sobotka, S; Ringo, J.L (1994). "Stimulus specific adaptation in excited but not in inhibited cells in inferotemporal cortex of ... Grill-Spector, K; Malach, R (2001). "fMR-adaptation: a tool for studying the functional properties of human cortical neurons". ...
2019 psychological thriller films, 2010s psychological horror films, 2010s teen films, Films set in Taiwan, Films set in 1962, ... Prescott, Shaun (25 June 2019). "Taiwanese horror game Detention is getting a film adaptation". PC Gamer. Yen, William (17 ... Detention (Chinese: 返校) is a 2019 Taiwanese supernatural psychological horror film directed by John Hsu and based on the ... Live-action films based on video games, Taiwanese psychological horror films, Works banned in China, Films about scandalous ...
17-37). Washington DC: American Psychological Association. Berry, J.W. (1980) Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In A. M ... Psychological Impact of Biculturalism Evidence and Theory. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 395-412. Padilla, A. (2003). ... The Bourhis model is premised on the adaptation of four groupings for state policies. The state integration policies are not ... reference the earlier work of both Graves and Berry in the identification of individual psychological change that the immigrant ...
Stanislavski's attention to psychological realism and ensemble playing coaxed the buried subtleties from the text, and restored ... Only Shakespeare outranks Chekhov in terms of movie adaptations of their work, according to the movie database IMDb. ... We ... Psychological fiction writers, Pushkin Prize winners, Russian atheists, Russian male dramatists and playwrights, Russian male ... novelists, Russian medical writers, Russian psychological fiction writers, Tuberculosis deaths in Germany). ...
Barber, Haylee (January 12, 2018). "'Coercive control' potential factor in 'Dirty John' case of psychological abuse". NBC News ... Turchiano, Danielle (August 8, 2018). "'Dirty John' Team Talks Expanding Perspective of Bravo Adaptation". Variety. Retrieved ...
... a 1969 novel by Gordon Williams that inspired the film adaptations titled Straw Dogs Straw Dogs (1971 film), a psychological ...
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pp. 259-285. Retrieved 25 April 2010. Richards, P. S.; Bergin, A. (1997). A ... He thinks that adaptationist explanations for religion do not meet the criteria for adaptations. An alternative explanation is ... Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. ISBN 978-1-55798-434-0. Brown, R.S. (2017). Psychoanalysis Beyond the End ... He is Past President of Division 36 of the American Psychological Association and a recipient of its William James Award. He ...
As a Jew living in Germany during the early years of the Nazi regime, Lewin's experiences shaped his psychological work. This ... and personal factors to understand an individual's adaptation to disability. This interdisciplinary model is an acknowledgement ... For example, under the Act, tests designed to measure psychological and neurocognitive function may not be released to the ... Wright authored two of the field's seminal texts, Physical Disability: A Psychological Approach and the extensively revised ...
The author of the printed adaptation of Heaven's Feel noted that for the serialization of the manga he wanted to start the ... Rebecca Silverman commended the film for exploring into Sakura's hidden depths and psychological state and found her descent ... Besides Type-Moon's works and adaptations, she also appears in the video game Divine Gate. Sakura was well received by fans of ... the prequel light novel Fate/Zero and multiple spin-offs and adaptations of Type-Moon works. Sakura was created by Kinoko Nasu ...
Two adaptations were made of Bierce's story "Eyes of the Panther". One version was developed for Shelley Duvall's Nightmare ... Bierce helped pioneer the psychological horror story. In addition to his ghost and war stories, he also published several ...
Psychological preparation may be beneficial. Relaxation techniques, immersion in water, massage, and acupuncture may provide ... and checks the infant's adaptation to extrauterine life and the mother's postpartum physiological changes. Cultural values, ... Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychological disorder that can develop in women who have recently given ...
The earliest English adaptations of phraseology are by Weinreich (1969) within the approach of transformational grammar, Arnold ... In Martin Everaert, Erik-Jan van der Linden, André Schenk & Rob Schreuder (eds.), Idioms: Structural and Psychological ... Everaert, Martin, Erik-Jan van der Linden, André Schenk & Rob Schreuder (eds.) 1995; Idioms: Structural and Psychological ...
She uses her interest in marketing trends and fads, and her psychological sensitivity to logos and advertising, in her work as ... A film adaptation was initiated in April 2004 with producer Steve Golin's production company Anonymous Content and the studio ... Set in August and September 2002, the story follows Cayce Pollard, a 32-year-old marketing consultant who has a psychological ...
The story, telling about the last days of a terminally ill priest, in many ways reflects the psychological state of the author ... 406 Архиерей, the original Russian text The Bishop, the English translation A modern-day film adaptation of Chekhov's The ...
A mutual attraction is more clearly seen in this adaptation than the 1995 adaptation. When Mrs. Gardiner warns against reckless ... a psychological study of the novelist], PUF (Publications of the University of Rouen), 1975 (CS1 errors: missing periodical, ... In the 1996 novel Bridget Jones's Diary, and its film adaptation released in 2001, Helen Fielding was inspired by Wickham to ... Screen Adaptations of the Novels of Jane Austen: Aesthetics and Ideology,] L'Harmattan Edition, 2007, 270 p. ISBN 9782296039018 ...
Dependence can either be psychological and/or physical. Psychological dependence can manifest itself as a reliance on a drug to ... Physical dependence occurs due to physiological adaptations occurring as the body attempts to overcome the drugs effects which ... Lormetazepam as with all other benzodiazepines produces both physical and psychological dependence but the main problem of ...
... or all its psychological, almost literary complexity, it loses much of its narrative steam. It's that great 21st-century ... The French adaptation starred Emmanuelle Seigner and Melvil Poupaud as the leads, and supporting cast included: Jean-Hugues ... but still delivers enough to satisfy fans of the show-and slow-burning psychological thrillers in general." The first series ...
In the 1990s, he made appearances in such film as Warren Beatty's action comedy adaptation Dick Tracy (1990), Steven ... psychological thriller Straw Dogs (1971), prison film Papillon (1973) alongside Steve McQueen, Lenny (1974) about the ...
In October 1982 the film adaptation First Blood was released. 1 February U.S. aircraft conducted seven "protective reaction" ... five northern provinces of South Vietnam and while they had suffered severe losses the offensive had achieved a psychological ...
Low plasma zinc levels have been alleged to be associated with many psychological disorders. Schizophrenia has been linked to ... although most reports of night blindness and abnormal dark adaptation in humans with zinc deficiency have occurred in ...
Burrows Golden Brooks as Cale's Sister Ted King as RMR Operator Rachel Luttrell as Scan Room Nurse The film adaptation was ... Impostor is a 2002 American science fiction psychological thriller film based upon the 1953 short story "Impostor" by Philip K ... The other shorts were to be adaptations of Isaac Asimov's story "The Last Question" by Bryan Singer and Donald A. Wollheim's ...
This updating and adaptation of Marxism-Leninism to Chinese conditions in which revolutionary praxis is primary and ideological ... Newton's first encounter with anti-capitalist society commenced a psychological liberation and embedded within him the desire ...
In the English adaptations, the casting was directed by Kris Zimmerman and supervised by a member from Konami. Solid Snake's ... In Metal Gear Solid 4, Rosemary appears as a psychological counselor in a combat stress platoon, offering Old Snake tips on ...
She was also slated to star in the psychological thriller Acts of Mercy. In 2009, Feldshuh recorded the song "Bein Nahar Prat" ... In 2015-2016, she played the role of Deanna Monroe on AMC's television adaptation of The Walking Dead. Feldshuh is of Jewish ...
Washington: American Psychological Association. pp. 3-50. doi:10.1037/12171-001. ISBN 978-1-4338-0734-3. Ployhart, Schneider ... Coping and adaptation. New York: Basic Books. pp. 316-333. Ostroff and Schulte, 2007 Edwards, J.R.; Shipp, A. J. (2007). "The ... Since person-group fit is so new, limited research has been conducted to demonstrate how the psychological compatibility ... Person characteristics may include an individual's biological or psychological needs, values, goals, abilities, or personality ...
It is thought to be an extension of the quantifiable psychological perception of sound. Common groups at risk of becoming ... Charron S., Botte M. C. (1988). "Frequency-selectivity in loudness adaptation and auditory fatigue. [Article]". Journal of the ...
Paul Verhoeven's adaptation makes some changes to the original: the horror effects are emphasized, and the gay affair with ... CS1 Dutch-language sources (nl), Novels by Gerard Reve, 1981 novels, Psychological novels, Novels set in the Netherlands, Dutch ...
The film rights for a film adaptation of Animal Farm were bought from Orwell's widow after she was approached by agents working ... Howard Hunt's Psychological Warfare Workshop. Hunt chose The March of Time newsreel producer Louis de Rochemont and his ...
In the 1990s, cave diving equipment configurations became more standardized, due mostly to the adaptation and popularization of ... Ditching scuba equipment and recovering it from the bottom were done as psychological preparation for emergencies. Stress ...
Factors such as the angle between the task and the glare source and eye adaptation have significant impacts on the experience ... Discomfort glare is a psychological sensation caused by high brightness (or brightness contrast) within the field of view, ...
Many common psychological and personality disorders are caused by cognitive modules running amok. All people are born with a ... The obsessive-compulsory disorder is an extreme malfunction of a normal adaptation trait in all humans. A cognitive module ... Current Directions in Psychological Science 3 (2), 57-61. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.ep10769964. David M. Buss: Evolutionary ... Stalking is an extreme psychological disorder also related to jealousy and several other cognitive modules. A stalker is a ...
The American Psychological Foundation Awards for 1980 presented Albizu Miranda with the "Award for the Development of ... He currently serves on the Editorial Boards of Conservation Ecology, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, ... American Psychological Association (2008). "Joseph O. Prewitt Diaz: International Humanitarian Award". American Psychologist. ... psychological and cultural aspects in addition to considering immunological and clinical procedure. The book now is in its ...
This Health Evidence Network (‎HEN)‎ evidence report examines how HIV influences family lives and how families deal with the disease. In the context of an increasing number of HIV-positive people in Europe, the report ...
Facilitation manual: psychological first aid during Ebola virus disease outbreaks  World Health Organization (‎World Health ... Psychological first aid: facilitators manual for orienting field workers  World Health Organization; War Trauma Foundation; ... Group Problem Management Plus (‎Group PM+)‎: group psychological help for adults impaired by distress in communities exposed to ... Problem management plus (‎PM+)‎: psychological help for adults in communities exposed to adversity: WHO Kenyan field-trial ...
... and can be measured by different variables related to an animals psychological well-being. From a psychological point of view ... and Manipulation of Relevant Factors for Adaptation and Behavioural Adjustment from a Psychological Point of View. Psychology, ... and Manipulation of Relevant Factors for Adaptation and Behavioural Adjustment from a Psychological Point of View () ... and can be measured by different variables related to an animals psychological well-being. From a psychological point of view ...
The show will be an adaptation of a psychological thriller webtoon of the same name written by CRG and illustrated by Kim Kyu- ... Nam Joo-hyuk in talks to lead new psychological thriller webtoon adaptation. .country-flag { background-image: url(//staticg. ... the 28-year-old actor might return with a never-seen-before role in an action webtoon adaptation. Vigilante is a psychological ... On April 20, reports surrounding actor Nam Joo-hyuk being in discussion for a role in an action webtoon adaptation were ...
Psychological well-being and reactions to multiple unemployment events: adaptation or sensitisation? ... Psychological well-being and reactions to multiple unemployment events: adaptation or sensitisation? ...
Physical and psychosocial adaptation concerns in postpartum women can lead to complications. This study used a research and ... adaptation, consistency, information and preparation for childcare (Wiklund et al, 2019) with a cultural approach (Hodikoh and ... postpartum complications may cause psychological problems, such as anxiety, potentially leading to postpartum depression ( ... controlled trial testing the use of a breastfeeding meditation by mothers of late preterm infants on maternal psychological ...
Thermal Comfort and Psychological Adaptation as a Guide for Designing Urban Spaces. / Nikolopoulou, M; Steemers, K. ... Nikolopoulou M, Steemers K. Thermal Comfort and Psychological Adaptation as a Guide for Designing Urban Spaces. Energy and ... Nikolopoulou, M ; Steemers, K. / Thermal Comfort and Psychological Adaptation as a Guide for Designing Urban Spaces. In: Energy ... Nikolopoulou, M., & Steemers, K. (2003). Thermal Comfort and Psychological Adaptation as a Guide for Designing Urban Spaces. ...
SANTOS, Joana Vieira dos et al. Adaptation of Spreitzers psychological Empowerment Scale in a Portuguese sample. Aval. psicol. ... Palabras clave : psychological empowerment; factor analysis; adaptation; scale; organizational processes. · resumen en Español ... Psychological empowerment is a motivational construct, by ensuring conditions that increase motivation to perform tasks, with a ... The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the psychological empowerment scale in a Portuguese sample of 230 ...
Results of search for su:{Adaptation, Psychological.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ... Series: Series on Low-Intensity Psychological Interventions. 2 Material type: Text; Format: print ; Literary form: Not fiction ... Pregnancy : a psychological and social study / edited by S. Wolkind and E. Zajicek. by Wolkind, Stephen , Zajicek, Eva. ... Text; Format: print Publication details: Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 2012Title translated: Psychological first ...
Results of search for su:{Adaptation, Psychological} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ... Series: Series on Low-Intensity Psychological Interventions. 2 Material type: Text; Format: print ; Literary form: Not fiction ... Pregnancy : a psychological and social study / edited by S. Wolkind and E. Zajicek. by Wolkind, Stephen , Zajicek, Eva. ... Text; Format: print Publication details: Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 2012Title translated: Psychological first ...
The Lecture is designed to help the freshmen to be familiar with college life and learning as quickly as ...
Hess, N., & Hagen, E. H. (2006). Psychological adaptations for assessing gossip veracity. Human Nature, 17(3), 337-354. ...
AFM: Gerard Butler, Joe Alwyn Team for Psychological Thriller Keepers "Need is a fan favorite YA novel that we know will make ... AFM: Covert Media Plans YA Adaptation Need With Female Writer-Director Team (Exclusive). The thriller centers on a networking ... Covert Media will fully finance and produce the adaptation, and will also handle worldwide sales. ...
Task-shifting psychological interventions delivered by LHW after appropriate cultural adaptation show promise for addressing ... Psychological interventions delivered by LHW in Africa were all culturally adapted to meet the competence of LHW. All the ... scoping review aimed to explore the content and aspects concerning the cultural adaptation and sustainability of psychological ... Expert consultation was performed according to Arksey & OMalley framework and cultural adaptation analysis was performed ...
Cultural adaptation of Hap-pas-Hapi, an internet and mobile-based intervention for the treatment of psychological distress ... Cultural adaptation of Hap-pas-Hapi, an internet and mobile-based intervention for the treatment of psychological distress ... Cultural adaptation of Hap-pas-Hapi, an internet and mobile-based intervention for the treatment of psychological distress ... Cultural adaptation. E-mental health. Psychological distress. Self-help. Minimally guided intervention. Albanian-speaking ...
title = "Visual adaptation: Neural, psychological and computational aspects",. abstract = "The term visual adaptation describes ... Visual adaptation: Neural, psychological and computational aspects. Vision Research. 2007 Nov;47(25):3125-3131. doi: 10.1016/j. ... Visual adaptation: Neural, psychological and computational aspects. Colin W.G. Clifford, Michael A. Webster, Garrett B. Stanley ... Visual adaptation : Neural, psychological and computational aspects. In: Vision Research. 2007 ; Vol. 47, No. 25. pp. 3125-3131 ...
It is not surprising amputees often suffer psychological difficulties following such an event. ... Rich Weinfeld Enabling or Empowering? Adaptations and Accommodations for Twice-Exceptional Students ... It is not surprising amputees often suffer psychological difficulties following such an event. Further, these psychological ... Amputation: Evaluating Psychological Injuries in Children and Adults. By: Dr. Jane K. McNaught. Tel: 952-896-1772. Email Dr. ...
Cultural Adaptation of a Low-Intensity Group Psychological Intervention for Syrian Refugees. Given the increasing use of low- ... Undertaking the process of cultural adaptation ensures the appropriateness and acceptability of psychological interventions in ... Additionally, two substantial adaptations were suggested: (1) the addition of a session designed to enhance family engagement, ... We present the process and results of conducting a cultural adaptation for the Group Problem Management Plus (GroupPM+) ...
Psychological Review. 73 (1): 16-43. doi:10.1037/h0022681. PMID 5324565.. *^ a b Pearson, KG (2000). "Neural adaptation in the ... Fast and slow adaptation[edit]. There is fast adaptation and slow adaptation. Fast adaptation occurs immediately after a ... This is called dark adaptation. Auditory[edit]. Auditory adaptation, as perceptual adaptation with other senses, is the process ... Short-term adaptations[edit]. Short term neural adaptations occur in the body during rhythmic activities. One of the most ...
This study investigated whether levels of psychological distress and depressive symptoms are related to subsequent changes in ... Cross-sectional and case-control studies have reported that psychological distress and depression are associated with reduced ... Psychological-adaptation; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-effects; Psychological-factors; Psychological-processes; ... Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Questionnaires; Statistical-analysis; Author Keywords: ...
Psychological Research (2021). * Inter-task transfer of prism adaptation depends on exposed task mastery *Lisa Fleury ... Rapid adaptation of brain-computer interfaces to new neuronal ensembles or participants via generative modelling *Shixian Wen ... Consistent visuomotor adaptations and generalizations can be achieved through different rotations of robust motor modules * ... Consistent visuomotor adaptations and generalizations can be achieved through different rotations of robust motor modules * ...
Channel 5 Commissions Psychological Thriller Under Her Skin. 4 days ago * Cineflix Productions Working with Gladys Knight on ... Mayflies Adaptation Coming to BBC. Jamie Stalcup August 25, 2022 Top Stories ... BBC and BBC Scotland, in association with All3Media International, have co-commissioned a two-part series adaptation of Andrew ...
Most of this data (1) refers to aerobic exercise and (2) does not correlate to psychological parameters although it is well ... Adaptation, Psychological * Adult * Affect / physiology* * Analysis of Variance * Brain / physiology* * Electroencephalography ... Most of this data (1) refers to aerobic exercise and (2) does not correlate to psychological parameters although it is well ...
Physiological adaptation occurs through receptor or coupling down-regulation; this tolerance and an accompanying psychological ...
Using this approach as a methodological basis, we can study the phenomenon of socio-psychological adaptation at its main ... The systemacity of the study of the phenomenon of socio-psychological adaptation might be fully explicated through the ... development of a holistic socio-psychological concept of socio-psychological adaptation as a system of restructuring of a ... provisions of this approach allows us to deeply and constructively reveal the phenomenon of socio-psychological adaptation as a ...
... both physical and psychological. These assumptions underlie the justification for conventional screening for the premorbid or ...
"But its not psychological-its musical. Its temporal. The psychology happens because everybody in the room has psychology." ... More:ActorsAdaptationsElevator Repair ServiceElizabeth LeCompteF. Scott FitzgeraldGeorge CukorNovelsOskar EustisPublic Theatre ... The result is a more conventional piece of drama than the Fitzgerald and Faulkner adaptations, but the show shares the same ... Over the decades, "Gatsby," like many great novels, has proved resistant to adaptation. A second Hollywood attempt was made in ...
The American Psychological Association shares some of the more prevalent types of psychologists:. *Clinical psychologists ... Evolutionary psychologists study how evolutionary principles such as mutation, adaptation and selective fitness influence human ... Forensic psychologists apply psychological principles to legal issues.. *Health psychologists specialize in how biological, ... psychological and social factors affect health and illness.. *Industrial/organizational psychologists apply psychological ...
Summary of Adaptation Challenge Gorakhpur District is recognised as one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar... ... Local Adaptation Plans in Mozambique. In Mozambique, the efforts of the Ministry of Coordination and Environmental Affairs ( ... Community adaptation action planning in Niger. This project example outlines the participatory process through which community- ... Inspiring action post COP21: the Adaptation Learning Programme. The UNFCCC Paris Agreement on climate change represents a ...
  • From a psychological point of view, we assume that organisms can adjust their behavior in correspondence to changes in their environment, adjustment that is enabled by an ecological contact medium (e.g. (
  • Evolutionary psychologists study how evolutionary principles such as mutation, adaptation and selective fitness influence human thought, feeling and behavior. (
  • Little evidence exists on the cultural adaptation of such interventions. (
  • Cultural adaptation of evidence-based interventions distinguishes between surface and deep structure adaptation. (
  • So far, CCD have only been considered to a limited extent in cultural adaptation of psychological interventions, and there is a lack of well documented adaptation procedures. (
  • Aims: With a cross-disciplinary and mixed-method approach, following a new conceptual framework for cultural adaptation of scalable psychological interventions, this study aimed to develop both surface and deep structure adaptations of an internet- and mobile-based intervention called Hap-pas-Hapi for the treatment of psychological distress among Albanian migrants in Switzerland and Germany. (
  • Given the increasing use of low-intensity psychological interventions in humanitarian mental health and psychosocial support work, more attention is needed to strengthen the intersection between evidence-based interventions and cultural contextualisation. (
  • Undertaking the process of cultural adaptation ensures the appropriateness and acceptability of psychological interventions in these contexts. (
  • Cultural adaptations of behavioral health interventions: a progress report. (
  • Consensus is described on the stages involved in developing cultural adaptations, common elements in cultural adaptations are identified, and evidence on the effectiveness of culturally enhanced interventions for various health conditions is examined. (
  • Background: The worldwide mental health treatment gap calls for scaling-up psychological interventions, which requires effective implementation in diverse cultural settings. (
  • A Meta-Analysis of Cultural Adaptations of Psychological Interventions. (
  • Methods EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases were searched with predefined terms relating to evidence-based psychological interventions for psychiatric symptoms in children with chronic physical illness. (
  • Climate change adaptation includes interventions that tackle the effects of climate change by adjusting, moderating, and coping with the risks and impacts of climate change. (
  • Psychological resilience, positive emotions, and suc- vary? (
  • This research has identified key issues related to resilience following Tropical Cyclone Pam that contribute to community-based adaptation and resilience discourse and action across scales. (
  • Conclusion: Enhancing resilience among ICU nurses requires both intentional individualised care from the ICU nurses and a systematic approach by nursing management that will meet the psychological needs of ICU nurses when working in a stressful ICU environment.Contribution: The findings of the review have highlighted specific strategies of improving resilience in ICU nurses, which can ultimately create a safe working environment in the ICU. (
  • The conclusion that resilience is made of ordinary rather than extraordinary processes offers a more positive outlook on human development and adaptation, as well as direction for policy and practice aimed at enhancing the development of children at risk for problems and psychopathology. (
  • Moreover, an analysis of the most optimal of them is presented, recommendations on the methodology for developing one's own socio-psychological adaptation for any organization are made. (
  • Surface refers to matching materials (e.g., illustrations, language) or methods of treatment delivery to the target population, whereas deep structure adaptation considers cultural concepts of distress (CCD). (
  • Psychological distress, depressive symptoms, and cellular immunity among healthy individuals: a 1-year prospective study. (
  • Cross-sectional and case-control studies have reported that psychological distress and depression are associated with reduced cellular immune competence but the directionality of the relationship remains uncertain. (
  • This study investigated whether levels of psychological distress and depressive symptoms are related to subsequent changes in counts of lymphocyte subsets (natural killer (NK), B, and T cell) and/or whether changes of immune markers predict psychological distress/depressive symptoms in a 1-year prospective study design. (
  • The present findings indicate that psychological distress and depressive symptoms may precede and predict suppression of NK cell immunity while NK cells did not lead to subsequent psychological distress and depressive symptoms, suggesting an absence of the bi-directional relationships. (
  • In addition to performing psychological testing, I also addressed the following specific aspects of the injury that further document psychological distress for the amputee. (
  • In three studies with three independent samples of a Turkish university, we present evidence for OAS-2 validity with respect to well-being outcomes (subjective happiness, flourishing, and subjective well-being) and psychological distress out-comes (depression, anxiety, stress, and loneliness) through direct comparisons with existing measures. (
  • In Study 3, findings indicated the mediation impact of external shame on well-being via psychological distress. (
  • In addi-tion, it was observed that the OAS-2 was related to both well-being and psychological distress. (
  • These children therefore warrant effective integrated healthcare yet it is not established whether the known, effective, psychological treatments for symptoms of common childhood mental health disorders work in children with chronic physical illness. (
  • If you're already experiencing signs and symptoms of addiction, ongoing enablement will intensify your side effects, your physical and psychological health problems, your withdrawal symptoms, your attachment levels and the strength of your addiction cycle. (
  • This can go on to drive psychological symptoms. (
  • This results in the reduction of suffering and symptoms and the development of new coping skills that can support psychological health. (
  • Effects of psychological and social factors in shiftwork on symptoms of anxiety and depression in nurses: a 1-year follow-up. (
  • Merriam-Webster further describes withdrawal as the syndrome of often painful physical and psychological symptoms that follows discontinuance of an addicting drug. (
  • The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management using the remote care system (application) of Covid 19 patients on the severity and duration of symptoms of this disease, psychological symptoms, psychosocial adaptation, cognitive status and changes in the level of ferritin and CRP and Spo2 in the blood of Covid 19 patients. (
  • Score of psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety and stress) in the 21-question questionnaire of depression, anxiety and stress Laweibond and Laweibond 1995. (
  • Conceptual frameworks to classify cultural adaptations and their resultant health/mental health outcomes were developed and applied in a variety of ways and implications for policy, practice, and research are identified, including individualization, cost considerations, and patient or client satisfaction, among others. (
  • Today, I am going to be talking about stress as a phenomenon that includes both physical and psychological outcomes. (
  • Psychosocial factors, such as stress and threat, can cause both psychological and physiological outcomes. (
  • Intergroup contact is associated with more positive intergroup relations and better psychological outcomes. (
  • Psychological stress and coping in hospitalized chronically ill elderly / Mary H. Kalfoss. (
  • for example, cessful adaptation to stress in later life. (
  • Further, these psychological difficulties can also result in long term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) for the amputee. (
  • We have a little space left at the top, and if you can stay within your stress cup without overflowing it, you can achieve a positive adaptation to your training. (
  • These psychological costs are incurred primarily because poverty limits children's access to developmental stimulation and heightens their exposure to stress in both their physical and psychosocial environments. (
  • Thanks to cortisol, an adaptation hormone existing in our body, we are able to lessen the negative repercussions of stress which affects our physical and psychological state. (
  • This is how I can calm various ailments such as stress, anxiety, sleep problems, psychological and emotional disorders, stop smoking, skin problems such as psoriasis or zonas, pain in muscles and joints, etc. (
  • Proceeded to function beyond your family while pregnant is usually secure, whilst pursuing the regions of functions must be assessed: the type of work, times out-of really works, quantities of real and you may psychological stress, therefore the mother's fitness standing. (
  • Comparative Physiological Adaptation. (
  • The amount of physiological adaptation depends on the effectiveness of the exercise prescriptions used in the training program. (
  • The review reveals that the majority of culturally sensitive treatments for depression employed an evidence-based bottom-up approach, which involved general and practical adaptations, such as translating materials or infusing specific cultural values. (
  • Blending anthropological depth with psychological breadth, to provide insights into possible general socio-cognitive adaptations and ontogenetic variation triggered by local socio-cultural factors. (
  • Method Following translation and cultural adaptation according to the ISPOR (International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcome Research) methodology, the NCS-FR nursing competency instrument was tested with a sample of 168 nurses. (
  • April 26, 2019 at 8pm to May 26, 2019 at 4pm - The Edgemar Center for the Arts This award-winning adaptation of Fyodor Dostoevsky's famous novel is a thrilling 90-minute psychological inquiry into the troubled mind of a murderer. (
  • Focus group discussions, an online survey, and individual key informant interviews were utilised to evaluate the original intervention, adaptation drafts and the final adapted intervention. (
  • These findings suggest that these three exposures should be a particular focus in psychological evaluation and treatment programs in WTC intervention and future emergency preparedness efforts. (
  • The forms related to Roy adaptation model were completed before and after intervention in the two groups. (
  • ABSTRACT Objective: To map the scientific evidence published in the literature about nursing strategies and intervention programs directed at supporting psychological adaptation in adult cancer patients. (
  • Neural adaptation or sensory adaptation is a gradual decrease over time in the responsiveness of the sensory system to a constant stimulus . (
  • Functionally, it is highly possible that adaptation may enhance the limited response range of neurons to encode sensory signals with much larger dynamic ranges by shifting the range of stimulus amplitudes. (
  • Fast adaptation occurs immediately after a stimulus is presented i.e., within hundreds of milliseconds. (
  • Psychological process that occurs when an individual adapts to a significant emotional event or stimulus. (
  • Undertraining is not enough stimulus for adaptation. (
  • The term visual adaptation describes the processes by which the visual system alters its operating properties in response to changes in the environment. (
  • On the other hand, psychological effects may derive from both psychosocial factors as well as toxic chemical exposures. (
  • For example, where you have hazardous waste sites where there may be neurotoxic compounds, there may be both psychosocial contributions to psychological effects as well as a toxic contribution from various neurotoxins. (
  • Psychosocial adaptation. (
  • this is an example of neural adaptation. (
  • [2] Also, in neural adaptation there is a sense of returning to baseline from a stimulated response. (
  • [2] In short, neural adaptation is thought to happen at a more central level at the cortex . (
  • The two classes of neural adaptation may rely on very different physiological mechanisms. (
  • Thus, we tested whether neural adaptation differences in ASD are sensitive to the regularity of the temporal pattern of stimulation. (
  • The adjustment to captive conditions is a basic element for the development of conservation strategies (i.e. translocation, introduction, and reintroduction) and can be measured by different variables related to an animal's psychological well-being. (
  • According to research, the perception of parental love or rejection accounts for 26% of children's psychological adjustment and 21% of children's psychological adjustment. (
  • When substance use is initiated early, the risk for moving from hazardous substance use to substance use disorders (SUD) is particularly high to developmentally induced biological and psychological vulnerability towards chronic trajectories in youth. (
  • Often these psychological injuries and resultant PTSD can be difficult to explain to a jury. (
  • Low family income has statistically and practically significant costs for children's psychological development in cognitive and social-emotional domains, as shown by high rates of academic failure and mental health problems among youth growing up poor. (
  • The first step of the adaptation was to conduct a rapid qualitative assessment following the Design, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation model proceeded by cognitive interviews and a workshop designed to apply changes according to the Bernal framework. (
  • Psychologists are trained to administer tests that can evaluate a patient's cognitive strength and weaknesses, intellectual skills, vocational aptitude and preference, personality characteristics, and neuropsychological functioning, explains the American Psychological Association (APA). (
  • [2] Brief stimulation produces adaptation which occurs and recovers while more prolonged stimulation can produce slower and more lasting forms of adaptation. (
  • The degree of psychological difficulty associated with amputation generally increases, the older the child is when the injury occurs. (
  • Patients with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) have a broad spectrum of need for pain and wound treatment, varying with the type of EB, the severity within that type, and the particular physical, emotional, and psychological milieu of each individual. (
  • Urantia has never managed to move far beyond the more brutal ages of a typical planet in terms of basic emotional/psychological development. (
  • I can help you with problems that can be physical, mental, psychological, emotional or other. (
  • All sensory and neural systems have a form of adaptation to constantly detect changes in the environment. (
  • We used fMRI to measure adaptation induced by repeated audio-visual stimulation in early sensory cortical areas in individuals with ASD and neurotypical (NT) controls. (
  • Helmholtz theorized that perceptual adaptation might result from a process he referred to as unconscious inference , where the mind unconsciously adopts certain rules in order to make sense of what is perceived of the world. (
  • In the 1890s, psychologist George M. Stratton conducted experiments in which he tested the theory of perceptual adaptation. (
  • I am an Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Texas Tech University. (
  • Adaptation of cortical responses was stronger and recovered more slowly. (
  • With a specific focus on mental health and climate change, psychological adaptation requires a set of responses, which include concrete actions on behalf of mental health practitioners. (
  • And the patterns of fear in the particular details of the ways the twists of unsupported adaptation have developed reflect age-long fear responses to the times of the rebellion. (
  • Psychological empowerment is a motivational construct, by ensuring conditions that increase motivation to perform tasks, with a strong sense of self-efficacy. (
  • The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the psychological empowerment scale in a Portuguese sample of 230 individuals, employees of a public university in Portugal. (
  • Data was collected using employee engagement inventory, psychological empowerment, and commitment to change inventory, and was analysed using descriptive analysis and SEM. (
  • Results showed that change leadership has a significant and positive impact on affective commitment to change through employee engagement, but not through psychological empowerment. (
  • While previous research has indicated that segmenting work and home is beneficial to employees' recovery, this study, which includes 130 dual-earner couples, investigates if and when integrating work and home by receiving work-related support from one's partner fosters employees' recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery). (
  • Adaptation is a fundamental property of cortical neurons and has been suggested to be altered in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). (
  • Materials and Methods: Translation from English into Portuguese, pre-test, linguistic adaptation, review of grammar and idiomatic equivalence, and translation from Portuguese back to English. (
  • [2] The time scale over which adaptation builds up and recovers depends on the time course of stimulation. (
  • It is an adaptation designed to help us either confront or flee from a real physical danger. (
  • Frailty comprises three dimensions physical, psychological, and social. (
  • Through these adaptations, physical and psychological dependence will develop, which will require professional rehabilitation. (
  • If this is your outlook, our offering will be beneficial for you as we're located in Watford, providing you with both physical and psychological space to focus on your goals via drug and alcohol rehabilitation. (
  • Stroke is a stressful event with several functional, physical, psychological, social, and economic problems that affect individuals' different living balances. (
  • Evaluating the implementation of the Empowering Coaching™ programme: Balancing fidelity and adaptation. (
  • This article explores the problems of adaptation among German migrants from the former republics of the Soviet Union. (
  • 3. Key Concepts of Physiology Adaptations to Exercise Training Each person responds differently to each training program. (
  • 8. Describe the psychological dimensions of sound and the physiology of hearing. (
  • Adaptation often requires substantial adjustments to the victim's goals and ideals. (
  • In Mozambique, the efforts of the Ministry of Coordination and Environmental Affairs (MICOA) together with civil society actors to put communities at the center of climate change adaptation planning are now paying off, with the first Local Adaptation Plan (LAP) being approved by the government of Mozambique in Guija district. (
  • Dealing with the health consequences of climate change needs rooted actions in both mitigation and adaptation at all levels, from global to local, and from all sectors and individuals. (
  • Additionally, two substantial adaptations were suggested: (1) the addition of a session designed to enhance family engagement, and (2) the development of a male case study. (
  • This Article offers an alternative defense that has substantial descriptive support in psychological studies and disability research. (
  • Neural adaptations can include improved synchronization of motor unit firing and improved ability to recruit motor units to enable a person to match the strength elicited by electrical stimulation. (
  • One of the main psychological trends that is evident with this social change is need for constant stimulation or gratification that individuals will seek out. (
  • Industrial/organizational psychologists apply psychological principles and research methods to the workplace to improve productivity, health and the quality of work life. (
  • Health psychologists specialize in how biological, psychological and social factors affect health and illness. (
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a care plan based on Roy adaptation model biological dimension on stroke patients' physiologic adaptation level. (
  • Roy adaptation model care plan was administered in biological dimension in the form of four sessions and phone call follow-ups for 1 month. (
  • The results of study showed that Roy adaptation model biological dimension care plan can result in an increase in adaptation in patients with stroke in physiological dimension. (
  • Female and male adaptation strategies are considered under the prism of John W. Berry's model of acculturation. (
  • Psychological well-being and reactions to multiple unemployment events: adaptation or sensitisation? (
  • Although this trend is greatly influenced by technology, it is also important to stay aware of the human reactions and adaptations that it brings. (
  • The Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) Model has been constructed from observations of many people in states of psychological health and dysfunction. (
  • The independent variables are sleep pattern, mental health, psychological well-being, circadian rhythm, and insomnia, while the dependent variable is night shift work. (
  • 4. Neural Adaptations Increases in strength due to short term (eight to twenty weeks) training are the result of neural adaptations. (
  • Subjective and objective measures of adaptation and readaptation to night work on an oil rig in the North Sea. (
  • Parents worry that social networks like Facebook could have harmful psychological effects on their children. (
  • Francine Shapiro, PhD, an American psychologist, developed Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy as a breakthrough therapy with special capacity to overcome the often devastating effects of psychological trauma in the late 1980s. (
  • Providing work-related support was positively related to employees' mastery experiences in non-work-linked couples only, whereas it was unrelated to psychological detachment and relaxation both in couples with and without work-linkage. (
  • Pregnancy : a psychological and social study / edited by S. Wolkind and E. Zajicek. (
  • Sociocultural theory stresses the role that social interaction plays in psychological development . (
  • The forensic expert's presentation of psychological testing assessing potential PTSD is one part of proving or disproving damages. (
  • Forensic psychologists apply psychological principles to legal issues. (
  • Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS) questionnaire adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese. (
  • The show will be an adaptation of a psychological thriller webtoon of the same name written by CRG and illustrated by Kim Kyu-sam. (
  • Vigilante is a psychological action thriller webtoon revolving around a young police university student, Ji-yong, who takes law into his own hands every weekend and punishes criminals. (
  • If it's loose, and includes some titles normally lumped into the 'psychological thriller' category, then John Boorman's 1972 film Deliverance technically came first. (
  • The Lady Macbeth director William Oldroyd will unveil his much-anticipated follow-up, the psychological thriller Eileen. (
  • Here, we discuss functional ideas about adaptation in the light of recent data and identify exciting directions for future research. (
  • We will address primarily the forces that provided the major impetus for establishing a diagnosis that defined a normative process of coping and adaptation in response to exposure to trauma. (