Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Lentiviruses, Bovine: A subgenus of LENTIVIRUS comprising viruses that produce multi-organ disease with long incubation periods in cattle.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Coxiella burnetii: A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.Infectious Anemia Virus, Equine: A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus equine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, EQUINE), causing acute and chronic infection in horses. It is transmitted mechanically by biting flies, mosquitoes, and midges, and iatrogenically through unsterilized equipment. Chronic infection often consists of acute episodes with remissions.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental: An experimental animal model for central nervous system demyelinating disease. Inoculation with a white matter emulsion combined with FREUND'S ADJUVANT, myelin basic protein, or purified central myelin triggers a T cell-mediated immune response directed towards central myelin. The pathologic features are similar to MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, including perivascular and periventricular foci of inflammation and demyelination. Subpial demyelination underlying meningeal infiltrations also occurs, which is also a feature of ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED. Passive immunization with T-cells from an afflicted animal to a normal animal also induces this condition. (From Immunol Res 1998;17(1-2):217-27; Raine CS, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p604-5)Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Mice, Inbred BALB CMolecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Lymphocyte Activation: Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Cytokines: Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Mice, Inbred C57BLBase Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
(1/20367) Rational sequence of tests for pancreatic function.

Of 144 patients with suspected pancreatic disease in whom a 75Se-selenomethionine scan was performed, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) was successful in 108 (75%). The final diagnosis is known in 100 patients and has been compared with scan and ERP findings. A normal scan reliably indicated a normal pancreas, but the scan was falsely abnormal in 30%. ERP distinguished between carcinoma and chronic pancreatitis in 84% of cases but was falsely normal in five patients with pancreatic disease. In extrahepatic biliary disease both tests tended to give falsely abnormal results. A sequence of tests to provide a rapid and reliable assessment of pancreatic function should be a radio-isotope scan, followed by ERP if the results of the scan are abnormal, and a Lundh test if the scan is abnormal but the findings on ERP are normal.  (+info)

(2/20367) Activation of alveolar macrophages in lung injury associated with experimental acute pancreatitis is mediated by the liver.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate (1) whether alveolar macrophages are activated as a consequence of acute pancreatitis (AP), (2) the implication of inflammatory factors released by these macrophages in the process of neutrophil migration into the lungs observed in lung injury induced by AP, and (3) the role of the liver in the activation of alveolar macrophages. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Acute lung injury is the extrapancreatic complication most frequently associated with death and complications in severe AP. Neutrophil infiltration into the lungs seems to be related to the release of systemic and local mediators. The liver and alveolar macrophages are sources of mediators that have been suggested to participate in the lung damage associated with AP. METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced in rats by intraductal administration of 5% sodium taurocholate. The inflammatory process in the lung and the activation of alveolar macrophages were investigated in animals with and without portocaval shunting 3 hours after AP induction. Alveolar macrophages were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. The generation of nitric oxide, leukotriene B4, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and MIP-2 by alveolar macrophages and the chemotactic activity of supernatants of cultured macrophages were evaluated. RESULTS: Pancreatitis was associated with increased infiltration of neutrophils into the lungs 3 hours after induction. This effect was prevented by the portocaval shunt. Alveolar macrophages obtained after induction of pancreatitis generated increased levels of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and MIP-2, but not leukotriene B4. In addition, supernatants of these macrophages exhibited a chemotactic activity for neutrophils when instilled into the lungs of unmanipulated animals. All these effects were abolished when portocaval shunting was carried out before induction of pancreatitis. CONCLUSION: Lung damage induced by experimental AP is associated with alveolar macrophage activation. The liver mediates the alveolar macrophage activation in this experimental model.  (+info)

(3/20367) Enhanced Th1 and dampened Th2 responses synergize to inhibit acute granulomatous and fibrotic responses in murine schistosomiasis mansoni.

In murine schistosomiasis mansoni, CD4(+) Th1 and Th2 cells participate in the ovum-induced granulomatous inflammation. Previous studies showed that the interleukin-12 (IL-12)-induced Th1 response strongly suppressed the Th2-cell-mediated pulmonary granuloma development in naive or primed mice. However, liver granulomas were only moderately suppressed in egg-vaccinated, recombinant IL-12 (rIL-12)-treated infected mice. The present study shows that repeated rIL-12 injections given during early granuloma development at 5 to 7 weeks after infection prolonged the Th1 phase and resulted in gamma interferon-mediated suppression of liver granulomas. The timing is crucial: if given at 6 to 8 weeks, during the Th2-dominated phase of florid granuloma growth, the treatment is ineffective. Daily injections of rIL-12 given between 5 and 7.5 weeks during the period of granuloma growth achieved a somewhat-stronger diminution in granuloma growth with less deposition of collagen but caused 60% mortality and liver pathology. In contrast, combined treatment with rIL-12 and anti-IL-4-anti-IL-10 monoclonal antibody (MAb) injections given during the Th2 phase strongly inhibited liver granuloma growth without mortality. The diminished inflammatory response was accompanied by less deposition of collagen in the liver. Moreover, neutralization of endogenous IL-12 by anti-IL-12 MAbs effectively decreased the early Th1 phase (between 5 and 6 weeks after infection) but not the developing Th2 phase (5 to 7 weeks) of granuloma development. These studies indicate that the granulomatous response in infected mice can be manipulated by utilizing the Th1-Th2-subset antagonism with potential salutary results in the amelioration of fibrous pathology.  (+info)

(4/20367) Delay in presentation of patients with acute stroke to hospital in Oxford.

We identified prospectively all patients (181 patients, 183 episodes) admitted to hospital in Oxford with acute stroke from 1 January to 30 June 1997. Data were inadequate in 30, leaving 153 episodes in 151 patients (63 men, 90 women). Structured interviews were used to investigate the timing of events preceding admission. Most strokes (91%) occurred at home, and 36% of patients were alone. After a median delay of 15 min, 56% called a GP (median 30 min response), 41% an ambulance (median 48 min to admission), and 3% went directly to A&E. Median time from hospital admission to doctor assessment was 69 min. Factors reducing delay were: initially calling an ambulance rather than a GP (p < 0.0001); onset not at home (p < 0.001); symptoms improving between onset and admission (p < 0.002); and altered consciousness (p < 0.002). The stroke was not recognized by 44% of patients, but no significant delay resulted. Overall, 31% were admitted within 3 h of onset, 46% within 6 h. Initial contact with the GP is a major determinant of delay. If acute therapies for stroke become available, GPs should be the primary targets for an educational initiative.  (+info)

(5/20367) Assessment of swallowing and referral to speech and language therapists in acute stroke.

The best clinical assessment of swallowing following acute stroke, in order to decide whether to refer a patient to a speech and language therapist (SLT), is uncertain. Independently of the managing clinical team, we prospectively investigated 115 patients (51 male) with acute stroke, mean age 75 years (range 24-94) within 72 h of admission, using a questionnaire, structured examination and timed water swallowing test. Outcome variables included referral to and intervention by a speech and language therapist (SLT), dietary modification, respiratory complications and death. Of those patients in whom an SLT recommended intervention, 97% were detected by an abnormal quantitative water swallowing test; specificity was 69%. An SLT was very unlikely to recommend any intervention if the test was normal. Inability to perform a water test and/or abnormality of the test was associated with significantly increased relative risks of death, chest infection and dietary modification. A timed water swallowing test can be a useful test of swallowing and may be used to screen patients for referral to a speech and language therapist after acute stroke.  (+info)

(6/20367) Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerosis.

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for evidence that chronic infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae is associated with atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Institute of Science and Information bibliographic databases were searched at the end of September 1998. Indexing terms used were chlamydi*, heart, coronary, and atherosclerosis. Serological and pathological studies published as papers in any language since 1988 or abstracts since 1997 were selected. DATA EXTRACTION: It was assumed that chronic C pneumoniae infection is characterised by the presence of both specific IgG and IgA, and serological studies were examined for associations that fulfilled these criteria. Pathological studies were also reviewed for evidence that the presence of C pneumoniae in diseased vessels is associated with the severity and extent of atherosclerosis. DATA SYNTHESIS: The majority of serological studies have shown an association between C pneumoniae and atherosclerosis. However, the number of cases in studies that have reported a positive association when using strict criteria for chronic infection is similar to the number of cases in studies which found no association. Nevertheless, the organism is widely found in atherosclerotic vessels, although it may not be at all diseased sites and is not confined to the most severe lesions. Rabbit models and preliminary antibiotic trials suggest that the organism might exacerbate atherosclerosis. CONCLUSION: More evidence is required before C pneumoniae can be accepted as playing a role in atherosclerosis. Although use of antibiotics in routine practice is not justified, large scale trials in progress will help to elucidate the role of C pneumoniae.  (+info)

(7/20367) Painful incarcerated hernia following a rugby union lineout.

Discussion related to hernias in sport usually involves the diagnosis and treatment of chronic musculotendinous groin disruption. A case of acute trauma in an incarcerated inguinal hernia, occurring in a rugby union player during a lineout, is presented. The injury arose as a result of a change in the laws of the game.  (+info)

(8/20367) T lymphocyte adhesion mechanisms within inflamed human kidney: studies with a Stamper-Woodruff assay.

Renal inflammatory conditions are characterized by mononuclear cell recruitment to sites of inflammation. We have developed a modified Stamper-Woodruff assay system to analyze mechanisms of functional T cell adhesion to cryostat sections of renal biopsy material from patients with vasculitic glomerulonephritis (GN) and acute allograft rejection. Peripheral blood T cells adhered to intraglomerular, periglomerular, and tubulointerstitial regions of the cortex. Blocking monoclonal antibodies against tissue expressed ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and the CS-1 domain of fibronectin (CS-1Fn) differentially attenuated T cell adhesion. Glomerular adhesion in vasculitic GN and tubulointerstitial adhesion in acute rejection were particularly sensitive to both anti-ICAM-1 and anti-VCAM-1 antibodies, indicating a prominent role for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 at glomerular sites in vasculitis and at tubulointerstitial sites in rejection. Furthermore, using KL/4 cells (LFA-1 expressing) and Jurkat cells (VLA-4 expressing), we demonstrated specific LFA-1/ICAM-1- and VLA-4/VCAM-1-mediated interactions within glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments. Jurkat cells also adhered to VCAM-1-free sites, and binding was inhibitable by anti-CS-1Fn antibody, thereby demonstrating a role for VLA-4/fibronectin interactions especially at intraglomerular sites in acute rejection where VCAM-1 is notably absent. We therefore propose a prominent functional role for ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and CS-1 domain fibronectin in T cell recruitment to the inflamed kidney.  (+info)

*  Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bach PB, Brown C, Gelfand SE, McCrory DC (2001). "Management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a ... Acute exacerbation of COPD also known as acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) is a sudden worsening of COPD ... Retrieved March 13, 2010 Uppsala Academic Hospital > Guidelines for treatment of acute lung diseases. August 2004. Authors: ... An acute exacerbation of COPD is associated with increased frequency and severity of coughing. It is often accompanied by ...
*  Solasodine
Journal of Acute Disease. 2 (2): 92-98. doi:10.1016/S2221-6189(13)60106-7. ...
*  Loeb Classical Library
Diseases 1. Diseases 2 L473) Volume VI. Diseases 3. Internal Affections. Regimen in Acute Diseases (Appendix) L477) Volume VII ... Regimen in Acute Diseases. The Sacred Disease. The Art. Breaths. Law. Decorum. Physician (Ch. 1). Dentition L149) Volume III. ... Diseases 4. Nature of Women. Barrenness L013) Volume I. Orations 1-5 L029) Volume II. Orations 6-8. Letters to Themistius, To ...
*  Androstenol
Journal of Acute Disease. 2 (4): 253-261. doi:10.1016/S2221-6189(13)60140-7. ISSN 2221-6189. Discover Magazine (Nov 2000): The ...
*  Hippocrates
On Regimen in Acute Diseases; Aphorisms; On Airs, Waters and Places; Instruments of Reduction; On The Sacred Disease; etc. The ... Ancient Greek schools of medicine were split (into the Knidian and Koan) on how to deal with disease. The Knidian school of ... He is given credit for the first description of clubbing of the fingers, an important diagnostic sign in chronic lung disease, ... He separated the discipline of medicine from religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the ...
*  Mesenteric ischemia
Acute disease often presents with sudden severe pain. Symptoms may come on more slowly in those with acute on chronic disease. ... Chronic disease is a risk factor for acute disease. The best method of diagnosis is angiography, with computer tomography (CT) ... Acute mesenteric ischemia was first described in 1895 while chronic disease was first described in the 1940s. Chronic disease ... "Systematic review of survival after acute mesenteric ischaemia according to disease aetiology". The British journal of surgery ...
*  Plague of Athens
Aretaeus, Treatment of Acute Diseases 2.4; Hippocrates, Aphorisms 5.58). Dixon B. "Ebola in Greece?" British Medical Journal ( ... Given the possibility that profiles of a known disease may have morphed over time or the plague was caused by a disease that no ... Historians have long tried to identify the disease behind the Plague of Athens. The disease has traditionally been considered ... Since the disease struck without regard to a person's piety toward the gods, people felt abandoned by the gods and there seemed ...
*  Robert Bentley Todd
available for full download Todd, Robert Bentley (1860). Clinical Lectures on Certain Acute Diseases. Philadelphia: Blanchard ... Todd, Robert Bentley (1856). Clinical Lectures on Paralysis, Certain Diseases of the Brain, and Other Diseases of the Brain ( ... Todd was a popular lecturer, and was noted for his accuracy in the observation of disease, correctness of diagnosis, and ... available for full download Todd, Robert Bentley (1857). Clinical Lectures on Certain Diseases of the Urinary Organs: And on ...
*  Thomas Sydenham
Acute diseases, such as fevers and inflammations. he regarded as a wholesome conservative effort or reaction of the organism to ... The type of the acute disease varied, he found, according to the year and season, and the right treatment could not be adopted ... Chronic diseases, on the other hand, were a depraved state of the humours, mostly due to errors of diet and general manner of ... monit.). After smallpox, the diseases to which he refers most are hysteria and gout, his description of the latter (from the ...
*  Regimen
On Regimen in Acute Diseases Francis Adams, trans. 400 BCE. Riley, Mark T, "Hippocrates", Great Thinkers of the Western World, ... The work, Regimen in Acute Diseases, attributed to the ancient Greek physician, Hippocrates of Cos, describes the types and ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Myelogenous
Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes a large number of abnormal blood ... Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white ... Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white ... Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes a large number of abnormal blood ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Lymphocytic
ALL or acute means that the disease can get worse quickly. Treatment may depend on the age of the patient as ALL is referred to ... Common leukemia also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL). Generally occurs in children under ... as either Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia or Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ... ALL or acute means that the disease can get worse quickly. Treatment may depend on the age of the patient as ALL is referred to ...
*  Disease
Acute disease An acute disease is a short-lived disease, like the common cold. Chronic disease A chronic disease is one that ... It also sounds like it could imply secondary disease, but acquired disease can be primary disease. Acute disease disease of a ... a disease, two diseases, many diseases) and a noncount sense (not much disease, less disease, a lot of disease). Commonly, the ... Progressive disease Progressive disease is a disease whose typical natural course is the worsening of the disease until death, ...
*  George William Balfour
"The Homœopathic Treatment of Acute Diseases by Fleischmann". For the New Sydenham Society he translated (1861-5) the Hand-book ... Balfour specialised in diseases of the heart and circulation, a leading figure of his time in the area with Sir William Tennant ... His standing as a cardiologist rested on Clinical Lectures on Diseases of the Heart and Aorta (1876) and The Senile Heart (1894 ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Myelogenous: Memorials
Tributes in memory of the courageous people who have lost their battle with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). ... In memory of the life of Jacob Michael Scott McLeod-Steinmetz who passed away after a battle with Acute Myeloid Leukemia. ... Tributes in memory of the courageous people who have lost their battle with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Lymphocytic: Memorials
Tributes in memory of the courageous people who have lost their battle with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL). ... Tributes in memory of the courageous people who have lost their battle with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL). ... Memorial site for Nico who lost his battle with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in 1998. ...
*  Pneumonia
One of the most widespread and fatal of all acute diseases, pneumonia has become the "Captain of the Men of Death", to use the ... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, chronic kidney disease, liver disease, and old age. The use of acid-suppressing ... Hippocrates On Acute Diseases wikisource link Maimonides, Fusul Musa ("Pirkei Moshe"). Klebs E (1875-12-10). "Beiträge zur ... Several diseases can present with similar signs and symptoms to pneumonia, such as: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Lymphocytic: Personal Pages
... or information about dealing with acute lymphocytic leukemia. ... Conditions and Diseases Cancer Hematologic Leukemia Acute ... The story of a little girl diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Includes journal, pictures, links, and a guestbook. ... Dedicated to a little girl with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Includes a journal, pictures, links, and a guestbook. ... Journal provides details about Marina who was diagnosed with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. Includes pictures and a guestbook. ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cancer: Hematologic: Leukemia: Acute Myelogenous: Personal Pages
... or information about dealing with acute myelogenous leukemia. ... Conditions and Diseases Cancer Hematologic Leukemia Acute ... Journal about young Alexandra Martini's fight against pediatric Acute Mylogenous Leukemia (AML). ...
*  Sanitas
... injection preparations for treatment of acute diseases); medicinal products for the digestive system; ophthalmology (eye care ... All the products of the Sanitas group are divided according to therapeutic areas: dermatology (skin diseases, promotion of ...
*  The Organon of the Healing Art
Aphorisms 146-261 Allied support during treatment, diet in acute diseases. Aphorisms 262-263 Preparation of medicines. ... Hahnemann's miasm theory, deriving from his two volume work, The Chronic Diseases published the previous year (1828), was first ... Aphorisms 3 and 4 Knowledge of disease. Aphorisms 5-18 Knowledge of drugs. Aphorisms 19-21 Application of drug knowledge to ... Aphorism 71 Classification of disease. Aphorisms 72-80 Case Taking: recording of patient data. Aphorisms 83-104 Knowledge of ...
*  Necrotizing periodontal diseases
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is the acute presentation of NUG, which is the usual course the disease takes. ... These diseases usually have a sudden onset, and so the term acute is often added to the diagnosis. The mildest on the spectrum ... Treatment of the acute disease is by debridement and antibiotics, usually metronidazole. Poor oral hygiene and other ... Necrotizing periodontal diseases are a type of inflammatory periodontal (gum) disease caused by bacteria (notably fusobacteria ...
*  Zimbabwe
... suffered occasional outbreaks of acute diseases (such as plague in 1994). The gains on the national health were eroded ... There had been signs that the disease is abating, with cholera infections down by about 50% to around 4,000 cases a week. The ... The discrepancies were believed to be partly caused by death from starvation and disease, and partly due to decreased fertility ... By 9 March 2009 The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 4,011 people had succumbed to the waterborne disease since ...
*  Bluetongue disease
Red deer are an exception, and in them the disease may be as acute as in sheep. Bluetongue is caused by the pathogenic virus, ... In sheep, BTV causes an acute disease with high morbidity and mortality. BTV also infects goats, cattle and other domestic ... Handbook of Animal Diseases in the Tropics, 1976. ISBN 0-901028-10-X Jensen, R. and Swift, B.L. Diseases of Sheep, Lea and ... Bluetongue disease is a non-contagious, insect-borne, viral disease of ruminants, mainly sheep and less frequently cattle, ...
*  Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Children suffering from Acute Diseases and Accidents will be received free of charge. A dispensary, for sick children, is also ... In 1914 the first Department for the Prevention of Disease in the nation was established. Construction adjacent to the 2nd ... In the worst month of 1855, 300 children under 12 years old died, primarily of infectious diseases. A Philadelphia physician, ...
*  Camelpox
Acute infections are usually found in camels under the age of three, and result in mild to severe systemic infections. In ... Camelpox is a disease of camels caused by a virus of the family Poxviridae, subfamily Chordopoxvirinae, and the genus ... It is believed that the ticks can transmit the disease from camel to camel. This theory is supported by increases in Camelpox ... When the Camelpox virus is identified as the causative agent, the disease can be treated with anti-viral medications. The most ...
Table 1 - Q Fever in France, 1985-2009 - Volume 17, Number 3-March 2011 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC  Table 1 - Q Fever in France, 1985-2009 - Volume 17, Number 3-March 2011 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
Annual incidences of acute Q fever and endocarditis were 2.5/100,000 persons and 0.1/100,000 persons, respectively. Cases and ... Yearly distribution of acute Q fever showed a continuous increase. Periodic variations were observed in monthly distribution ... A total of 179,794 serum samples were analyzed; 3,723 patients (one third female patients) had acute Q fever. ... Acute disease, phase II (avirulent bacteria) immunoglobulin (Ig) G titer ,200 and phase II IgM titer ,50; chronic disease, ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/17/3/10-0882-t1
acute disease  acute disease
As we age, our immune systems change, making us more prone to acute and chronic diseases. Learn how these two disease types ... Acute vs. Chronic Conditions: What's the Difference?. ...
more infohttps://www.ncoa.org/blog-tag/acute-disease/
accidents / acute diseases  accidents / acute diseases
GSI , @Work , Organisation , Staff units , Safety Engineer , accidents / acute diseases Short-link for this page is: www.gsi.de ...
more infohttps://www.gsi.de/en/work/organisation/staff_units/safety_engineer/accidents_acute_diseases.htm
Assessment of Acute Disease to Reduce Imaging Costs - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov  Assessment of Acute Disease to Reduce Imaging Costs - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Assessment of Acute Disease to Reduce Imaging Costs (QUAADRICs). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Assessment of Acute Disease to Reduce Imaging Costs. Official Title ICMJE Quantitative Pretest Probability to Reduce ... Known diagnosis of acute PE within previous 24 hours (e.g., call back for overread of a CT scan). ... Overtesting for Acute Coronary Syndrome(ACS) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) in low risk Emergency Department(ED) patients can ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01059500?view=results
Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults | SpringerLink  Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults | SpringerLink
Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic ... Danse E. (2010) Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults. In: Taourel P. (eds) CT of the Acute Abdomen. Medical ... Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic ... prevalence and associated diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol 174:427-431PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/174_2010_90
Mitochondrion-Permeable Antioxidants to Treat ROS-Burst-Mediated Acute Diseases  Mitochondrion-Permeable Antioxidants to Treat ROS-Burst-Mediated Acute Diseases
Oxidative stress impacts almost all acute and chronic progressive disorders and on a cellular basis is intimately linked to ... aging, cardiovascular disease, cancer, immune function, metabolism and neurodegeneration. The journal fills a significant void ... Mitochondrion-Permeable Antioxidants to Treat ROS-Burst-Mediated Acute Diseases. Zhong-Wei Zhang,1 Xiao-Chao Xu,2 Ting Liu,3 ... Astaxanthin is a good candidate drug for these acute diseases. However, so far, astaxanthin is not a clinical drug but merely a ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2016/6859523/
Treating Addiction as an Acute Disease is Killing Thousands | Caron Treatment Centers  Treating Addiction as an Acute Disease is Killing Thousands | Caron Treatment Centers
Treating Addiction as an Acute Disease is Killing Thousands Modern Healthcare , June 7, 2018 ... In the News // Treating Addiction as an Acute Disease is Killing Thousands ...
more infohttps://www.caron.org/media-center/news-research/in-the-news/treating-addiction-as-an-acute-disease-is-killing-thousands?sc_lang=en
Neutralizing Chronic, Acute Disease Challenges | National Hog Farmer  Neutralizing Chronic, Acute Disease Challenges | National Hog Farmer
It is more correct to consider disease status as one element of overall health. Each new veterinary discovery reveals that ... diligent attention to nutrition, management and environment can enhance the ability of the immune system to neutralize disease ... Acute Health Management. Work with your veterinarian to identify the specific diseases in your system. Acute disease management ... Traditional approaches to sow and gilt gestational health have focused on acute disease conditions. This is because acute ...
more infohttps://www.nationalhogfarmer.com/mag/farming_neutralizing_chronic_acute
Diseases 3. Internal Affections. Regimen in Acute Diseases - Hippocrates | Harvard University Press  Diseases 3. Internal Affections. Regimen in Acute Diseases - Hippocrates | Harvard University Press
Regimen in Acute Diseases. The Sacred Disease. The Art. Breaths. Law. Decorum. Physician (Ch. 1). Dentition. ... Diseases 3. Internal Affections. Regimen in Acute Diseases. Hippocrates. Translated by Paul Potter. ... Diseases 1-2.. *Volume VI: Diseases 3. Internal Affections. Regimen in Acute Diseases. ...
more infohttps://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674995222
Are QALYs an appropriate measure for valuing morbidity in acute diseases? | RTI  Are QALYs an appropriate measure for valuing morbidity in acute diseases? | RTI
Bala, M., & Zarkin, G. (2000). Are QALYs an appropriate measure for valuing morbidity in acute diseases? Health Economics, 9(2 ...
more infohttps://www.rti.org/publication/are-qalys-appropriate-measure-valuing-morbidity-acute-diseases
Biomarkers to Identify Protein Metabolism Impairment in Chronic/Acute Diseases | OMICS International  Biomarkers to Identify Protein Metabolism Impairment in Chronic/Acute Diseases | OMICS International
Biomarkers; Protein metabolism; Senescence; Chronic diseases; Acute diseases; Rehabilitation. Introduction. The maintenance of ... Biomarkers to Identify Protein Metabolism Impairment in Chronic/Acute Diseases Evasio Pasini1*, Roberto Aquilani2, Gianni ... Under specific paraphysiological conditions such as senescence or chronic/acute diseases such as heart failure, diabetes, COPD ... Biomarkers to Identify Protein Metabolism Impairment in Chronic/Acute Diseases. J Mol Biomark Diagn 5:177. doi:10.4172/2155- ...
more infohttps://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/biomarkers-to-identify-protein-metabolism-impairment-in-chronicacute-diseases-2155-9929.1000177.php?aid=25749
AFM virus: Parents guide to polio-like disease acute flaccid myelitis  AFM virus: Parent's guide to polio-like disease acute flaccid myelitis
... director of the CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. ... More cases of a polio-like disease are affecting children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/10/18/parents-guide-polio-like-paralyzing-disease-acute-flaccid-myelitis/1680621002 ... www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/10/18/parents-guide-polio-like-paralyzing-disease-acute-flaccid-myelitis/1680621002 ...
more infohttps://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/10/18/parents-guide-polio-like-paralyzing-disease-acute-flaccid-myelitis/1680621002/
Acute Disease Epidemiology | Georgia Department of Public Health  Acute Disease Epidemiology | Georgia Department of Public Health
Click Here to Report a DiseaseThe mission of the Acute Disease Epidemiology Section (ADES) of the Georgia Department of Public ... is to optimize the health of Georgians by preventing and mitigating certain communicable and/or notifiable infectious diseases ... Acute Disease Epidemiology. Click Here to Report a Disease. The mission of the Acute Disease Epidemiology Section (ADES) of the ... The Acute Disease Epidemiology A-Z Site Index serves as an excellent tool to search for disease-specific information for ...
more infohttps://dph.georgia.gov/acute-disease-epidemiology
Acute disease episodes in a Wuchereria bancrofti-endemic area of Papua New Guinea. | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine...  Acute disease episodes in a Wuchereria bancrofti-endemic area of Papua New Guinea. | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine...
Chronic disease was strongly associated with acute disease incidence in all locations. Microfilaremia had a statistically ... A very high incidence of acute disease was observed; 0.31 episodes per person-year in the leg alone. Incidence generally ... significant association with acute disease in the leg, arm, and breast, but not the scrotum. This study again demonstrates the ... high burden of acute manifestations of lymphatic filariasis, and provides new information on risk factors, which may lead to ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1999.61.319
Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases  |authorSTREAM  Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases |authorSTREAM
ACUTE DIARRHOEAL DISEASES: ACUTE DIARRHOEAL DISEASES DR.SUDHARSHINI. DIARRHOEA: DIARRHOEA DEFINITION The passage of loose , ... Leading Causes of Mortality and Burden of Disease world, 2004 % Ischaemic heart disease 12.2 Cerebrovascular disease 9.7 Lower ... Chron's disease Acute diarrhoea lasts a few days or up to a week X IMPORTANT !!! distinguish between acute and chronic ... ACUTE DIARRHOEA WITH SEVERE DEHYDRATION (Plan - C) : ACUTE DIARRHOEA WITH SEVERE DEHYDRATION (Plan - C) Rapid bolus of Ringer ...
more infohttp://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sudharshini-1302729-acute-diarrhoeal-diseases/
Tick-borne Disease, Acute Molecular Panel  Tick-borne Disease, Acute Molecular Panel
Comprehensive molecular panel for the diagnosis of various tick-borne diseases provides a solution for physicians in that such ... Comprehensive molecular panel for the diagnosis of various tick-borne diseases provides a solution for physicians in that such ... Lyme Disease (Borrelia spp) DNA, Qualitative, Real-Time PCR, Blood ...
more infohttp://www.questdiagnostics.com/testcenter/TestDetail.action?ntc=94322
Fasting, Hydropathy and Exercise: Natures Wonderful Remedies for the Cure of all Chronic and Acute Diseases | Soil and Health...  Fasting, Hydropathy and Exercise: Nature's Wonderful Remedies for the Cure of all Chronic and Acute Diseases | Soil and Health...
Home › Book › Fasting, Hydropathy and Exercise: Nature's Wonderful Remedies for the Cure of all Chronic and Acute Diseases ... Fasting, Hydropathy and Exercise: Nature's Wonderful Remedies for the Cure of all Chronic and Acute Diseases. Posted on 9 ... Rational Fasting: Regeneration Diet and Natural Cure for All Diseases. Scientific Fasting: The Ancient and Modern Key to Health ... cold water and dietary reform-especially the one meal per day plan-to cure disease. Interesting muscle pictures and daring (for ...
more infohttps://soilandhealth.org/book/fasting-hydropathy-and-exercise-natures-wonderful-remedies-for-the-cure-of-all-chronic-and-acute-diseases/
Diarrhoeal and acute respiratory disease : the current situation  Diarrhoeal and acute respiratory disease : the current situation
Burden of acute respiratory disease of epidemic and pandemic potential in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: A literature ... Burden of acute respiratory disease of epidemic and pandemic potential in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: a literature ... 1991)‎. Diarrhoeal and acute respiratory disease : the current situation. Geneva : World Health Organization. http://www.who. ... There are gaps in the knowledge about the burden of severe respiratory disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region [‎EMR]‎. ...
more infohttp://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/60885
Corrections Health Transition Planning Program with Court Interface for Acute Diseases and Mental Health inmates | Multnomah...  Corrections Health Transition Planning Program with Court Interface for Acute Diseases and Mental Health inmates | Multnomah...
Corrections Health Transition Planning Program with Court Interface for Acute Diseases and Mental Health inmates toggle Menu. * ... These plans will target stability of their chronic and acute diseases as well as mental health conditions. The plans will be in ...
more infohttps://multco.us/lpscc/corrections-health-transition-planning-program-court-interface-acute-diseases-and-mental
  • More cases of a polio-like disease are affecting children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (usatoday.com)
  • The center also provides consultation to county and local health agencies on diseases requiring public health intervention, collaborates with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by weekly reporting of nationally reportable diseases , and offers health education opportunities through lectures and organizational seminars. (iowa.gov)
  • Cross-sectional analysis of serum samples from 168 patients fulfilling Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance criteria for LD and 145 healthy and other disease controls conducted over 8 years. (nih.gov)
  • Under specific paraphysiological conditions such as senescence or chronic/acute diseases such as heart failure, diabetes , COPD, stroke, sepsis and trauma , the rate of protein catabolism is high with serious impairment of protein metabolism, which correlates with morbidity and mortality [ 2 , 3 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Acute exacerbation of COPD also known as acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) is a sudden worsening of COPD symptoms (shortness of breath, quantity and color of phlegm) that typically lasts for several days. (wikipedia.org)
  • An acute exacerbation of COPD is associated with increased frequency and severity of coughing. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the lungs tend to be vulnerable organs due to their exposure to harmful particles in the air, several things can cause an acute exacerbation of COPD: Respiratory infection, being responsible for approximately half of COPD exacerbations. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large number of reports showed that oxidative stress is correlated with the pathogenesis of multiple age-related diseases, like cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, and several other common diseases such as ischemia-reperfusion injury, stroke, hypertension, heart failure, atherosclerosis, diabetes, rheumatic diseases, and Alzheimer disease [ 2 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This animal model, in which a spectrum of tuberculosis-like disease can be produced, will be useful for the dissection of the genetic basis of mycobacterial pathogenesis. (asm.org)
  • This literature review was therefore conducted to describe the burden of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory infections [‎ARI]‎ in the Region which may help in the development of evidence-based disease prevention and control policies. (who.int)
  • Available at https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/ten-points-to-remember/2015/10/30/12/01/2015-esc-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pericardial-diseases . (medscape.com)
  • While conventional magnetic resonance, X-ray-based, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine techniques are widely used to facilitate diagnosis, inform therapeutic decision-making, provide information regarding prognosis, and monitor therapeutic response in neurologic diseases, their practical value in acute clinical care is not as yet well-defined and the potential future development is not fully appreciated. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Successful farms utilize veterinary diagnostic assistance to characterize the specific diseases present and the best interventions for each situation. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • Provide a forum for collaboration with other AACC divisions and committees including, but not limited to the Proteomics Division, the Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology Division, the Lipoproteins and Vascular Diseases Division, the Industry Division and the Evidence Based Laboratory Medicine Committee and NACB. (aacc.org)
  • Soler-Soler J, Permanyer-Miralda G, Sagrista-Sauleda J. A systematic diagnostic approach to primary acute pericardial disease. (medscape.com)
  • Treatment may depend on the age of the patient as ALL is referred to as either Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia or Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (dmoztools.net)
  • Borrelia burgdorferi-specific immune complexes in acute Lyme disease. (nih.gov)
  • Diagnosis of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease (LD), has been impeded by the lack of effective assays to detect active infection. (nih.gov)
  • Serologic testing for Lyme disease. (nih.gov)
  • This study again demonstrates the high burden of acute manifestations of lymphatic filariasis, and provides new information on risk factors, which may lead to better understanding of etiology and control prospects. (ajtmh.org)
  • In this review, we compare and analyze all kinds of mitochondrion-permeable antioxidants, including edaravone, idebenone, α -Lipoic acid, carotenoids, vitamin E, and coenzyme Q10, and mitochondria-targeted antioxidants MitoQ and SkQ and propose astaxanthin (a special carotenoid) to be the best antioxidant for ROS-burst-mediated acute diseases, like avian influenza infection and ischemia-reperfusion. (hindawi.com)
  • It is also clear that when treatments exist for a particular disease, the effectiveness of treatment improves when it is applied early in the infection process. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • Mycobacterium marinum causes both long-term subclinical infection and acute disease in the leopard frog (Rana pipiens). (asm.org)
  • Acute purulent pericarditis due co-infection with Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis as first manifestation of HIV infection. (medscape.com)
  • Overtesting for Acute Coronary Syndrome(ACS) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) in low risk Emergency Department(ED) patients can increase exposure of nondiseased patients to radiation, intravenous contrast and anticoagulation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • and 2 of 50 patients with other diseases. (nih.gov)
  • Frequency and predictors of urgent coronary angiography in patients with acute pericarditis. (medscape.com)
  • Comprehensive molecular panel for the diagnosis of various tick-borne diseases provides a solution for physicians in that such a panel obviates the need to consider tests for individual agents, each of which may cause illness with overlapping geographic distributions and clinical presentations. (questdiagnostics.com)
  • Acute disease management is a very farm-specific activity. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • The symptom-based approach guides the choice of the available imaging tools for efficient, accurate, and cost-effective diagnosis to support immediate management of common and complex neurological disorders in the acute setting. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • 2015 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (medscape.com)
  • Daskalogiannaki M, Voloudaki A, Prassopoulos P, Magkanas E, Stefanaki K, Apostolaki E et al (2000) CT evaluation of mesenteric panniculitis: prevalence and associated diseases. (springer.com)
  • Differential diagnosis of acute pericarditis from normal variant early repolarization and left ventricular hypertrophy with early repolarization: an electrocardiographic study. (medscape.com)
  • Provide support to local and district public health and private partners in identifying training and resource needs, developing guidelines for and investigating outbreaks or increases in endemic rates of disease, developing educational and training materials, and collecting and disseminating data. (georgia.gov)
  • 2015 ESC guidelines for pericardial disease. (medscape.com)
  • Guidelines for treatment of acute lung diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinton Hill, 7, from Lakeville, Minn., is one of several children in the state diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis, a polio-like disorder that can cause paralysis. (usatoday.com)
  • According to the Minnesota Department of Health, the six cases have been classified as Acute flaccid myelitis and were reported in children under 10 years old. (usatoday.com)
  • All cases of suspected meningococcal disease in children. (rch.org.au)
  • Infectious and noninfectious acute pericarditis in children: an 11-year experience. (medscape.com)
  • Email format discussion group concerning children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (dmoztools.net)
  • It is more correct to consider disease status as one element of overall health. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • If a different person observes a sow from a different position at a different pace, at a different time of day, subtle changes in behavior and appearance can exist that have little to do with changes to the sow's disease or health status. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • When the disease or health condition results in abortion, the economic loss is obvious and the urgency to address the disease problem is highest. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • Immunosuppression of the frogs with hydrocortisone results in an acute, fulminant, lethal disease. (asm.org)
  • This is because acute illness in the gestating sow or gilt frequently has repercussions for the current litter. (nationalhogfarmer.com)