Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Antitussive Agents: Agents that suppress cough. They act centrally on the medullary cough center. EXPECTORANTS, also used in the treatment of cough, act locally.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Nonprescription Drugs: Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Whooping Cough: A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.General Practice: Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.EuropeFamily Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Capsaicin: An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.Citric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Codeine: An opioid analgesic related to MORPHINE but with less potent analgesic properties and mild sedative effects. It also acts centrally to suppress cough.Gastroesophageal Reflux: Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.Heartburn: Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.Sinusitis: Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.Proton Pump Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE. They are used as ANTI-ULCER AGENTS and sometimes in place of HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS for GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Esophagitis: INFLAMMATION, acute or chronic, of the ESOPHAGUS caused by BACTERIA, chemicals, or TRAUMA.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Bronchitis: Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Common Cold: A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.Gastroparesis: Chronic delayed gastric emptying. Gastroparesis may be caused by motor dysfunction or paralysis of STOMACH muscles or may be associated with other systemic diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS.Aprindine: A class Ib anti-arrhythmia agent used to manage ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias.Hoarseness: An unnaturally deep or rough quality of voice.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Varicose Veins: Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.Guaifenesin: An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.Iodates: Inorganic salts of iodic acid (HIO3).Expectorants: Agents that increase mucous excretion. Mucolytic agents, that is drugs that liquefy mucous secretions, are also included here.Potassium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.Levorphanol: A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is nearly as effective orally as by injection.Potassium Iodide: An inorganic compound that is used as a source of iodine in thyrotoxic crisis and in the preparation of thyrotoxic patients for thyroidectomy. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Bromhexine: A mucolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory disorders associated with viscid or excessive mucus. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p744)Thebaine: A drug that is derived from opium, which contains from 0.3-1.5% thebaine depending on its origin. It produces strychnine-like convulsions rather than narcosis. It may be habit-forming and is a controlled substance (opiate) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Part 1308.12 (1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Belgium
If the cough lasts a month or a year it may be chronic bronchitis. In addition to having a cough a fever may be present. Acute ... Acute bronchitis is also known as a chest cold. Acute bronchitis usually has a cough that lasts around three weeks. In more ... "Beta2-agonists for acute cough or a clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9): ... Treatment of acute bronchitis typically involves rest, paracetamol (acetaminophen), and NSAIDs to help with the fever. Cough ...
It is not known if over the counter cough medications are effective for treating an acute cough. Cough medicines are not ... Smith, SM; Schroeder, K; Fahey, T (24 November 2014). "Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and ... The cough is usually mild compared to that accompanying influenza. While a cough and a fever indicate a higher likelihood of ... The average duration of cough is eighteen days and in some cases people develop a post-viral cough which can linger after the ...
It exists in acute and chronic forms. Signs and symptoms may include pain in chest, bones, or joints; cough; skin infections, ... Such symptoms include cough or pleuritic chest pain suggestive of pneumonia, bone or joint pain suggestive of osteomyelitis or ... In the subgroup of patients where an inoculating event was noted, the mean incubation period of acute melioidosis was 9 days ( ... 1989). "Acute suppurative parotitis caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei in children". Journal of Infectious Diseases. 159 (4): ...
Acute cough']". Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde. 156 (0): A4188. PMID 22917039. Jasek, W, ed. (2007). Austria-Codex (in ... This agent is primarily used for its antitussive (cough-suppressing) effects. Noscapine is often used as an antitussive ... A 2012 Dutch guideline, however, does not recommend its use for coughing. Nausea Vomiting Loss of coordination Hallucinations ( ... Kamei J (1996). "Role of opioidergic and serotonergic mechanisms in cough and antitussives". Pulmonary pharmacology. 9 (5-6): ...
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy: a confusing clinical entity. Hospital Phys 1999 *Sarria JC, Sinnott JT, Martin DH. An AIDS ... patient with fever and a cough. Infect In Med 1998; 15:1 *Larkin JA, Ubillos SS, Sinnott JT, Houston SH. Infection prophylaxis ...
Holzinger, F; Beck, S; Dini, L; Stöter, C; Heintze, C (16 May 2014). "The diagnosis and treatment of acute cough in adults". ...
A chronic cough is often the first symptom to develop. When it persists for more than three months each year for at least two ... An acute exacerbation of COPD is defined as increased shortness of breath, increased sputum production, a change in the color ... Vigorous coughing may lead to rib fractures or a brief loss of consciousness. Those with COPD often have a history of "common ... Both types of agent appear to reduce the risk of acute exacerbations by 15-25%. While both may be used at the same time, any ...
Individuals with acute HP typically develop symptoms 4-6 hours after exposure. Building insulation materials Insulation (list ... Other symptoms may include a dry cough, chest tightness, and difficult breathing. Individuals with chronic HP often experience ...
Evidence does not support its use for acute cough suppression in children or adults. In Europe it is not recommended as a cough ... Evidence does not support its use for acute cough suppression in children or adults. In Europe it is not recommended as a cough ... Schroeder, K.; Fahey, T. (2004-10-18). "Over-the-counter medications for acute cough in children and adults in ambulatory ... Paul, IM (February 2012). "Therapeutic options for acute cough due to upper respiratory infections in children". Lung. 190 (1 ...
Acute pharyngitis is the most common cause of a sore throat and, together with cough, it is diagnosed in more than 1.9 million ... It may be classified as acute or chronic. Acute pharyngitis may be catarrhal, purulent or ulcerative, depending on the ... "No evidence for the effectiveness of systemic corticosteroids in acute pharyngitis, community-acquired pneumonia and acute ... It is unclear if steroids are useful in acute pharyngitis, other than possibly in severe cases. About 7.5% of people have a ...
... cough, haemoptysis, slight fever. Acute diffuse bronchiolitis may also occur. An xray may show mottling of lungs or a shadow. ...
"Beta2-agonists for acute cough or a clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9): ... Beta2 agonists are sometimes used to relieve the cough associated with acute bronchitis. In a recent systematic review it was ... Acute bronchitis can be defined as acute bacterial or viral infection of the larger airways in healthy patients with no history ... While acute bronchitis often does not require antibiotic therapy, antibiotics can be given to patients with acute exacerbations ...
Coughing causes point tenderness in this area (McBurney's point), historically called Dunphy's sign. Acute appendicitis seems ... And acute appendicitis has been shown to occur antecedent to cancer in the colon and rectum. Several studies offer evidence ... Arnbjörnsson E (1982). "Acute appendicitis as a sign of a colorectal carcinoma". Journal of Surgical Oncology. 20 (1): 17-20. ... Wan, M. J.; Krahn, M.; Ungar, W. J.; Caku, E.; Sung, L.; Medina, L. S.; Doria, A. S. (2009). "Acute Appendicitis in Young ...
"The sputum color of patients with acute cough and no underlying chronic lung disease does not imply therapeutic consequences ... "Sputum color for diagnosis of a bacterial infection in patients with acute cough". Scand J Prim Health Care. 27 (2): 70-3. doi: ... Sputum /'spju.təm/ is mucus and is the name used for the coughed-up material (phlegm) from the lower airways (trachea and ... It is seen in cases of bronchiectasis, lung abscess, an advanced stage of bronchitis, or acute upper respiratory tract ...
In chronic HP, patients often lack a history of acute episodes. They have an insidious onset of cough, progressive dyspnea, ... In the acute form of HP, symptoms may develop 4-6 hours following heavy exposure to the provoking antigen. Symptoms include ... Acute HP is characterized by poorly formed noncaseating interstitial granulomas and mononuclear cell infiltration in a ... Symptoms are similar to the acute form of the disease, but are less severe and last longer. On chest radiographs, micronodular ...
... DAC is used to treat acute cough, mucus buildup and nasal congestion. Because this medicine contains codeine, it is ... Robitussin is a brand name and registered trademark for both over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription cough and cold medicines ... The brand name Robitussin is used for several formulations of cough and cold medicine that contain different active ingredients ... In the United States, cough formulations containing codeine are usually prescription-only, but the level of regulation can vary ...
"Beta2-agonists for acute cough or a clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9): ... acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Acute exacerbation of ... Acute bronchitis usually has a cough that lasts around three weeks.[4] In more than 90% of cases the cause is a viral infection ... If the cough lasts a month or a year, it may become chronic bronchitis. In addition, a fever may be present. Acute bronchitis ...
Told the Kaiser that the King "was rapidly sinking." On 6 March 1910, the King was treated for "acute cardiac distress" (heart ... coughing from smoking cigars. ...
He had cough and fever on September 27, visited Fukui Health and Welfare Center, and diagnosed as pneumonia. Although a simple ... Suspected of having acute viral encephalitis, he was taken into the ICU of Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital and ... A woman in her 40s died after contracting the flu, although the immediate cause of death was acute heart failure and it has not ... His cause of death was acute pneumonia. November 1 The 41st death was a 30-year-old woman in Ukyō ward, Kyoto Prefecture. A 2- ...
Smith, SM; Schroeder, K; Fahey, T (23 January 2008). "Over-the-counter medications for acute cough in children and adults in ... A 2008 Cochrane Collaboration meta-analysis of over-the-counter medicines for acute cough in children and adults concluded that ... Guaifenesin is used to control cough and is sometimes combined with dextromethorphan, an antitussive (cough medicine), such as ... Single-ingredient formulations of guaifenesin are available, and it is also included in many other over-the-counter cough and ...
In 1889 he suffered from an acute and persistent cough and later contracted pleurisy. Rèche died during the night of 23 October ...
... bronchiseptica causes acute tracheobronchitis, which typically has a harsh, honking cough. Kennel cough can also be caused by ... Closely related to B. pertussis-the obligate human pathogen that causes pertussis (whooping cough); B. bronchiseptica can ... Role of canine parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica in kennel cough. Am J Vet Res 45(9): 1862-6. Burns, E. H., Jr ... the Causative Agent of Whooping Cough, Evolved from a Distinct, Human-Associated Lineage of B. bronchiseptica". PLoS Pathog. 1 ...
Antibiotics generally do not appear to be useful in the acute form. The acute form is common while the chronic form is not. The ... Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box). Symptoms often include a hoarse voice and may include fever, cough, pain ... Laryngitis is categorised as acute if it lasts less than three weeks and chronic if symptoms last more than three weeks. Acute ... acute) Dilated blood vessels (acute) Thick, yet dry laryngal tissue (chronic) Stiff vocal folds Sticky secretions between the ...
Other acute causes of sciatica include coughing, muscular hypertension, and sneezing. Sciatic nerve injury occurs between 0.5% ...
Coughing almost always follows the initial spray.[citation needed] Subsequent breaths through the nose or mouth lead to ... Acute response[edit]. For individuals not previously exposed to OC effects, the general feelings after being sprayed can be ... "A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Treatment Regimens for Acute Pain for Topical Oleoresin Capsaicin (Pepper Spray) ... and coughing.[5] The duration of its effects depends on the strength of the spray, but the average full effect lasts from 20 to ...
Pneumonia is the most common of the S. pneumoniae diseases which include symptoms such as fever and chills, cough, rapid ... These invasive pneumococcal diseases include bronchitis, rhinitis, acute sinusitis, otitis media, conjunctivitis, meningitis, ... "Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in acute otitis media: risk factors, susceptibility patterns and antimicrobial ...
Stop use and ask doctor if cough lasts more than 7 days, comes back, or occurs with fever, rash, or persistent headache. These ... treating chronic sinusitis and acute bacterial infections, reducing snoring, and alleviating a blocked nose and sinus. We carry ... Guaifenesin is a common component of many cold and cough remedies that helps loosen and liquefy mucus. Guaifenesin is a safe ... Persistent or chronic cough such as occurs with smoking, asthma, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema. ...
A healthy, non-smoking 54 year old woman consults with a severe acute cough. It started two weeks ago with symptoms of a common ... Are the symptoms caused by a self limiting or serious illness? Acute cough (less than three weeks) is most commonly caused by ... Persisting paroxysms of cough, sometimes with vomiting, suggest whooping cough. Assess for less … ... Acute cough in adults. BMJ 2010; 340 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c574 (Published 12 February 2010) Cite this as: BMJ 2010; ...
... on an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract infection or acute ... This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract ... For treating coughs associated with other lower respiratory tract infections, see our web page on respiratory conditions. ... infection or acute bronchitis in adults, young people and children. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic ...
... on an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract infection or acute ... Acute cough associated with acute bronchitis. 1.1.9 Do not routinely offer an antibiotic to treat an acute cough associated ... Acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract infection 1.1.8 Do not offer an antibiotic to treat an acute cough ... 1.1 Managing acute cough 1.1.1 Be aware that an acute cough:. ... 1.1.11 For adults with an acute cough associated with acute ...
What causes a cough?. Cough is divided into three different categories based on how long a person is coughing. An acute cough ... The assessment of quality of life in acute cough with the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ-acute). Cough. 2011;7(1):4.. 10. ... 3-5 Cough is classified based on duration; an acute cough is defined as lasting less than 3 weeks, a subacute cough is defined ... Cough. 2007;3:8.. 25. Eccles R, Morris S, Jawad M. Lack of effect of codeine in the treatment of cough associated with acute ...
There are two types of coughs: acute and chronic. Learn the causes of chronic cough. ... Coughing helps your body heal or protect itself. ... Coughs can be either acute or chronic. Acute coughs begin ... Acute coughs are the kind you most often get with a cold, flu, or acute bronchitis. Chronic coughs last longer than 2 to 3 ... Cough (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish * What Is Cough? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood ...
Therapeutic options for acute cough due to upper respiratory infections in children.. Paul IM1. ... to treat acute cough due to URI. Published, well-designed, contemporary research supporting the efficacy of narcotics (codeine ... Cough due to upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) is one of the most frequent complaints encountered by pediatric health- ... is absent for URI-associated pediatric cough. Alternatively, honey and topically applied vapor rubs may be effective ...
Antibiotics are rarely effective for acute cough and are not indicated for acute cough from the common cold, acute bronchitis, ... Management of Acute Cough. Figure 1.. Algorithm for the management of acute cough in patients 15 years or older. (COPD = ... is accompanied by cough in up to 83 percent of persons5; the common cold is the most prevalent cause of acute cough6; and cough ... Summary of Recommendations for Managing Acute Cough in Adults. It should be established that the cough has been present for ...
A cough that lasts 3-8 weeks may go away by itself but it may also need treatment. If you have a three-week cough and you are ... A cough that lasts for 3-8 weeks is often caused by a cold or other lung infection that lasts longer than normal. ... Chronic Cough. Get Help. Cough lasting 3-8 weeks (Sub-Acute). A cough that lasts for 3-8 weeks is often caused by a cold or ... A cough that lasts 3-8 weeks may go away by itself but it may also need treatment. If you have a three-week cough and you are ...
... have little effect on tackling symptoms or aiding recovery in patients with discoloured phlegm caused by an acute cough. ... Antibiotic use questioned for acute coughs. 25 March, 2011 By The Press Association ... have little effect on tackling symptoms or aiding recovery in patients with discoloured phlegm caused by an acute cough. ...
Cough due to the common cold is probably the most common cause of acute cough. In a significant subset of patients with post ... The resultant sub-acute or chronic cough can be considered to be due to an upper airway cough syndrome, previously referred to ... PEACe: Ivy, Thyme and Cisti Extract (Phytus) Efficacy in Acute Cough (PEACe). The safety and scientific validity of this study ... Change in day cough score at end of study [ Time Frame: 4 nights (onset of trial Night 1 to Night 4) ]. A validated cough ...
Predicting the presence of bacterial pathogens in the airways of primary care patients with acute cough. Jolien Teepe, Berna D. ... Predicting the presence of bacterial pathogens in the airways of primary care patients with acute cough ... Predicting the presence of bacterial pathogens in the airways of primary care patients with acute cough ... Predicting the presence of bacterial pathogens in the airways of primary care patients with acute cough ...
Predicting the presence of bacterial pathogens in the airways of primary care patients with acute cough. Jolien Teepe, Berna D. ... Incidental chest radiographic findings in adult patients with acute cough. Ann Fam Med 2012;10:510-5. ... BACKGROUND: Bacterial testing of all patients who present with acute cough is not feasible in primary care. Furthermore, the ... METHODS: Through a European diagnostic study, we recruited 3104 adults with acute cough (≤ 28 days) in primary care settings. ...
Acute cough is one of the most common reasons for consulting. The proportion of European patients consulting in general ... Acute cough is a major reason for antibiotic prescribing in primary care, with many prescriptions resulting in no clinical ... Eligible patients were aged 18 and over who were consulting with an illness where an acute or worsened cough was the main or ... While this reflects the natural course of acute cough and the fact that it is managed almost exclusively in primary care, the ...
Patients with productive cough as result an acute URTI (i.e., cold or flu) or allergic cough in the last 10 day. ... Comparison Between Oxomemazine, Guaifenesin and Potassium Iodate Versus Guaifenesin Monotherapy in Acute Cough Treatment. The ... Reduction/improvement of cough symptoms [ Time Frame: DAY 7 ]. The reduction of cough symptoms will be evaluated by comparative ... guaifenesin and potassium iodate is superior than guaifenesin monotherapy in acute cough treatment. ...
Antibiotic prescribing for discoloured sputum in acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection. C.C. Butler, M.J. Kelly, K. ... Adults with acute cough/LRTI presenting in primary care settings with discoloured sputum were prescribed antibiotics more often ... Antibiotic prescribing for discoloured sputum in acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection ... Antibiotic prescribing for discoloured sputum in acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection ...
Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of over the counter cough medicines for acute cough in adults. BMJ 2002;324( ... Most studies examined codeines usefulness in patients with chronic cough and did not examine its effectiveness for acute cough ... Should we advise parents to administer over the counter cough medicines for acute cough? Systematic review of randomised ... Codeine for acute cough in children Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from The College of Family Physicians of ...
Cough and wheezing are the predominant symptoms of acute bronchitis. Hitherto, the evaluation of respiratory symptoms was ... The parameters cough frequency, cough characteristics, influence of coughing on sleep of the child, and influence of coughing ... cough wheezing acute bronchitis acoustic long-term recording time course Abbreviations. PAC-QoL. Parent-proxy Childrens Acute ... To address the impact of cough on the patients quality of life we used the Parent-proxy Childrens Acute Cough-specific ...
Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ( ... To assess the effects of oral OTC cough preparations for acute cough in children and adults in community settings. ... comparing oral OTC cough preparations with placebo in children and adults suffering from acute cough in community settings. We ... Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings. Review question ...
Acute cough is a common reason for people to use over the counter medicines but do these medicines work? Susan Smith from the ... Podcast: Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings. ...
Cough can be designated as acute (<3 weeks in duration), prolonged acute cough (3 to 8 weeks in duration) or chronic (> 8 weeks ... prolonged acute cough in a cough guideline allows a period of natural resolution to occur before further ... Cough is one of the most common symptoms that patients bring to the attention of primary care clinicians. ... The difficult coughing child: prolonged acute cough in children Cough is one of the most common symptoms that patients bring to ...
Antibiotic prescribing for discoloured sputum in acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection ... Treatment of acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection by antibiotic class and associated outcomes: a 13 European country ... Antibiotic prescribing for adults with acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection: congruence with guidelines. European ... Antibiotic prescribing for discoloured sputum in acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection. Butler, C.C.; Kelly, M.J.; Hood ...
A new tool for predicting the course of an acute cough in primary care could help reduce antibiotic prescriptions, researchers ... The newly developed RISSC85 tool outperforms other tools for predicting the outcome of acute cough, which could be useful for ... New tool better at predicting the prognosis of acute cough, study finds. ... looked at data from a European database for just over 2,600 patients who had presented to primary care with an acute cough. ...
Fainting, cough syncope and acute aspiration pneumonia may develop (PMID 24101960) ... Fr: toux explosive). Violent, explosive coughing is electively seen in the peri- or intraoperative period with induction of ... Fr: toux explosive). Violent, explosive coughing is electively seen in the peri- or intraoperative period with induction of ...
In 2810 patients consulting with acute cough in 12 European countries, general practitioners (GPs) recorded whether they ... In 2810 patients consulting with acute cough in 12 European countries, general practitioners (GPs) recorded whether they ... Diagnosing pneumonia in patients with acute cough: clinical judgment compared to chest radiography ... Diagnosing pneumonia in patients with acute cough: clinical judgment compared to chest radiography ...
  • an acute cough is defined as lasting less than 3 weeks, a subacute cough is defined as having a duration between 3 and 8 weeks, and a chronic cough is one that is more than 8 weeks. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Availability, dosing and duration of use of over-the-counter cough medicines vary significantly in different countries. (cochrane.org)
  • Can oral corticosteroids reduce the severity or duration of an acute cough, and the associated National Health Service and societal costs, in adults presenting to primary care? (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The primary aim of the OSAC (Oral Steroids for Acute Cough) Trial is to determine whether oral prednisolone (40 mg daily for 5 days) can reduce the duration of moderately bad (or worse) cough and the severity of all its associated symptoms on days 2 to 4 post-randomisation (day 1 is trial entry) by at least 20% in adults ≥18 years with acute LRTI presenting to primary care. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The two primary clinical outcomes are the duration of moderately bad (or worse) cough, and the severity of all its associated symptoms on days 2 to 4 post-randomisation. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The next day parents reported on their child's cough (duration, frequency, and severity), congestion, their own and child's ability to sleep without disturbance by kids' coughing and other symptoms. (medindia.net)
  • While chronic bronchitis may last months or even years, the acute variety typically is limited in duration to no more than a week or two. (whatisbronchitis.info)
  • The cough may persist for several weeks afterwards with the total duration of symptoms usually around three weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • QUESTION Owing to Health Canada's recent recommendations to avoid the use of over-the-counter cough and cold medications in preschool children, I was looking at other antitussive medications for acute cough. (cfp.ca)
  • ANSWER Cough is one of the most common symptoms in children, and the opioid codeine has known antitussive qualities mediated by a central nervous system pathway. (cfp.ca)
  • 1 The use of codeine or dextromethorphan (DM), the most common over-the-counter (OTC) antitussive, for treatment of cough is not supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics, largely because there is a lack of proven benefit and some potential for toxicity and overdose. (aappublications.org)
  • Although 2 older subjective investigations found DM to be an effective antitussive medication for children with URIs, 6 , 7 more recent studies have shown it to be no better than placebo (PL) in controlling acute cough. (aappublications.org)
  • 21 Similarly, the combination of antihistamines with an analgesic failed to show any effect on cough when compared with placebo or acetaminophen. (uspharmacist.com)
  • However, current evidence finds codeine to be no more effective than placebo for acute cough in children. (cfp.ca)
  • The laboratory phase reported reduction in cough in both codeine and placebo groups, but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in either phase. (cfp.ca)
  • There was no significant difference between codeine and placebo in treating cough, and patients in both groups felt relief after administration of the study drug, compared with baseline. (cfp.ca)
  • While all studies were placebo -controlled randomised controlled trials only a minority reported their methods of allocation and randomisation and there was lack of reporting of blinding of outcome assessors and whether cough outcome measures were validated. (cochrane.org)
  • Based on a single study, the mucolytic preparation letosteine was superior to placebo, with differences in cough scores ranging from 0.1 to 0.3 points from day 4 to day 10. (bmj.com)
  • Studies published in English were selected if they were cohort studies, control or placebo arms of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews of RCTs, and if patients were preschool children 0-4 years of age presenting to primary care with acute cough. (bmj.com)
  • Fifty-nine non-asthmatic children with acute cough were randomized to receive oral albuterol or placebo for 7 d. (elsevier.com)
  • To determine whether the commonly used over-the-counter medications dextromethorphan and diphenhydramine are superior to placebo for the treatment of nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty associated with upper respiratory infections and to determine whether parents have improved sleep quality when their children receive the medications when compared with placebo. (aappublications.org)
  • 5 Coughing can be voluntarily initiated and inhibited, 6 is highly susceptible to placebo suppression, 4 , 6 and is diminished during general anaesthesia or sleep. (mja.com.au)
  • Some recent placebo-controlled trials have found that it may be no better than a placebo for some causes including acute cough in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • In light of this they found it was better than no treatment, placebo, and diphenhydramine but not better than dextromethorphan for relieving cough symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The impact of nocturnal cough on parent's quality of life was assessed as secondary outcome. (springer.com)
  • The use of the term 'prolonged acute cough' in a cough guideline allows a period of natural resolution to occur before further investigations are warranted. (doccheck.com)
  • The differential diagnosis of acute cough should be considered. (aafp.org)
  • Objective To describe variation in antibiotic prescribing for acute cough in contrasting European settings and the impact on recovery. (bmj.com)
  • Your doctor may check you for COPD (particularly if you have risk factors, such as smoking), after ruling out other common causes of cough. (health.com)