That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Methods to repair breaks in abdominal tissues caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions during abdominal surgery.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.
Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.
A rare intra-abdominal tumor in the MESENTERY. Mesenteric cysts are usually benign and can be very large fluid-filled (2000 mL) lesions.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.
Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.
Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.
A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.
Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.
A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
A congenital or acquired condition in which the SPLEEN is not in its normal anatomical position but moves about in the ABDOMEN. This is due to laxity or absence of suspensory ligaments which normally provide peritoneal attachments to keep the SPLEEN in a fixed position. Clinical symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN, splenic torsion and ISCHEMIA.
A condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the INTESTINE. The majority of the cysts are found in the JEJUNUM and the ILEUM.
Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.
Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.
Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Pathological developments in the CECUM.
Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.
An abscess located in the abdominal cavity, i.e., the cavity between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.
A syndrome characterized by inflammation in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the ASCENDING COLON. It is observed in cancer patients with CHEMOTHERAPY-induced NEUTROPENIA or in other immunocompromised individuals (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST).
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.
Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.
The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.
Bursting of the STOMACH.
A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.
Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.
Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.
Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.
A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.
Enlargement of the liver.
Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.
Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.
A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Pathological processes of the OVARY.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.
A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.
The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.
Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).
A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.
Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
A multilocular tumor with mucin secreting epithelium. They are most often found in the ovary, but are also found in the pancreas, appendix, and rarely, retroperitoneal and in the urinary bladder. They are considered to have low-grade malignant potential.
Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.
Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.
A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.
A peritoneal mesothelioma affecting mainly young females and producing cysts of variable size and number lined by a single layer of benign mesothelial cells. The disease follows a benign course and is compatible with a normal life expectancy, requiring occasionally partial excision or decompression for relief of pain or other symptoms. Malignant potential is exceptional. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1345)
Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
A usually benign, well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the ADRENAL MEDULLA or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE, is HYPERTENSION, which may be persistent or intermittent. During severe attacks, there may be HEADACHE; SWEATING, palpitation, apprehension, TREMOR; PALLOR or FLUSHING of the face, NAUSEA and VOMITING, pain in the CHEST and ABDOMEN, and paresthesias of the extremities. The incidence of malignancy is as low as 5% but the pathologic distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas is not clear. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1298)
Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the liver as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
Forewings short and broad with somewhat acute apex. Larva with three pairs of abdominal prolegs. Grammodes afrocculta Berio, ... Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled and somewhat slender. Tibia clothed with rather long hair. Min tibia spiny. ...
... presents chiefly with abdominal pain located in the right upper abdomen. This pain is described as biliary ... While in acute cases, patients take antibiotics for complications such as abscesses, pain control, and nothing to eat until a ... Abdominal pain can be confused with other gut disorders and will not relieve the pain in these instances.[5] ... Additionally, in acute cases, a leukocytosis, an increase in white blood cell count, is found. In chronic cases, a ...
In addition, the abdomen is examined and palpated to ascertain if the bleeding is abdominal in origin. Typically a pregnancy ... Severe acute bleeding, such as caused by ectopic pregnancy and post-partum hemorrhage, leads to hypovolemia (the depletion of ... In an emergency or acute setting, vaginal bleeding can lead to hypovolemia.[2] ... surgical opening of the abdomen), occasionally leading to hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) as a last resort. ...
Abdomen with coarse hair on dorsum. Tibia spineless, but slightly hairy. Forewings with slightly arched costa. Apex acute, ... Larva with three pairs of abdominal prolegs. These insects have been changing their habitat in recent years. The species ...
Abdomen clothed with coarse hair on dorsum. Tibia spineless and clothed with long hair. Forewings with arched costa and acute ... Larva with four pairs of abdominal prolegs, where first pair rudimentary. The following species are recognized by Alberto Zilli ...
Thorax and abdomen slender without tufts. Forewings with somewhat acute apex. The outer margin more or less angled at vein 4. ... Larva with two pairs of abdominal prolegs. Plusiodonta aborta Dognin, 1910 Plusiodonta achalcea Hampson, 1926 Plusiodonta amado ...
Abdomen Mesenteric adenitis is an inflammation of the mesenteric lymph nodes in the abdomen. It can be caused by the bacterium ... If it occurs in the right lower quadrant, it can be mistaken for acute appendicitis, often preceded by a sore throat. Clinical ... manifestations may include fever, right lower quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Most often occurs in children age ...
Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen 1939 - Pioneers in Acute Abdominal Surgery - Oxford 1947 - The Diagnosis of the Acute ... author of The Abdominal Inflammations. Lees influenced Cope in his lifelong interest, the acute abdomen. In 1906, Cope began ... 1965 - A History of the Acute Abdomen Between the ages of 75 years and 85 years, Cope wrote seven biographies including William ... Cope was considered an "eminent authority" on acute abdominal disorders. Influenced by Augustus D Waller and Almroth Wright, he ...
Pancreatic pseudocysts are often caused by acute or chronic pancreatitis. They may also be caused by trauma to the abdomen, ... Pancreatic pseudocysts may cause abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, a bloated feeling, and trouble eating or digesting food. ... An acute pancreatic pseudocyst is made of pancreatic fluids with a wall of fibrous tissue or granulation. Pseudocysts may form ... Mediastinal pseudocysts, a rare form of pancreatic pseudocysts in the abdomen, may cause dysphagia, dyspnea, airway obstruction ...
Absolute contraindication is acute abdomen that requires surgery. Relative contraindications are:[citation needed] Pregnancy ... It is used for a number of reasons: to relieve abdominal pressure from ascites to diagnose spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ... The patient is positioned in the bed with the head elevated at 45-60 degrees to allow fluid to accumulate in lower abdomen. ... After cleaning the side of the abdomen with an antiseptic solution, the physician numbs a small area of skin and inserts a ...
Patients that develop bowel perforation may present in an acute state with severe abdominal pain and signs of perforation, such ... The imaging study of choice is an CT scan of the abdomen with IV contrast, considering the patient's renal function is adequate ... Typical symptoms can include abdominal pain, abdominal distention, abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever, rectal bleeding ... In these patients, their exam may be far more acute with abdominal rigidity and need for immediate surgical intervention. ...
Symptoms of ileus include, but are not limited to: moderate to severe, diffuse abdominal pain constipation abdominal distension ... On listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope, no bowel sounds are heard because the bowel is inactive. A temporary paralysis ... It can also result from certain drugs and from various injuries and illnesses, such as acute pancreatitis. Paralytic ileus ... mainly in acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome. A bowel obstruction is generally a mechanical obstruction of ...
Abdominal and pelvic[edit]. CT scan of a normal abdomen and pelvis, taken in the axial, coronal and sagittal planes, ... A CT scan can be used for detecting both acute and chronic changes in the lung parenchyma, the tissue of the lungs. It is ... Main article: Abdominal and pelvic CT. CT is an accurate technique for diagnosis of abdominal diseases. Its uses include ... The added lifetime risk of developing cancer by a single abdominal CT of 8 mSv is estimated to be 0.05%, or 1 one in 2,000.[77] ...
In some cases, the internal bumper may be felt by palpating the abdomen. Inspection of the tube typically reveals an inability ... Buried bumper syndrome may cause abdominal pain or swelling (erythema) at the site of insertion of the PEG tube. Less commonly ... "The Challenging Acute Buried Bumper Syndrome: A Case Report". GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology. 25 (3): 151-153. doi: ... through the abdominal wall. Gastrostomy tubes include an internal bumper, which secures the inner portion of the tube inside ...
synd/3347 at Who Named It? Turner, G. Grey (1919). "Local discoloration of the abdominal wall as a sign of acute pancreatitis ... Causes include Acute pancreatitis, whereby methemalbumin formed from digested blood tracks subcutaneously around the abdomen ... Grey Turner's sign takes 24-48 hours to develop, and can predict a severe attack of acute pancreatitis. Grey Turner's sign may ... Bosmann M, Schreiner O, Galle PR (April 2009). "Coexistence of Cullen's and Grey Turner's signs in acute pancreatitis". Am. J. ...
Omental infarction: Omental infarction is uncommon reason for acute abdomen. It is similar to acute appendicitis. The pain is ... After cross-sectional imaging and the increased use of abdominal CT for evaluating lower abdominal pain, EA is increasingly ... Implications of diagnostic imaging of the acute abdomen. ... Patients with acute epiploic appendagitis do not normally ... or central regions of the abdomen. There is sometimes nausea and vomiting. The symptoms may mimic those of acute appendicitis, ...
Abdomen sharply concave, oblique to the tip. In the middle of the posterior edge of the third and fourth abdominal segments ... there is usually an acute tubercle. The males have a continuous (although incrementally shorter toward middle) brush of golden ... Elytra, antennae, legs and abdomen are red-brown. Forehead with fine wrinkles and tubercles and a thick brush of hairs. ... hair at the apex of the abdomen. The first generation flies mainly in June, in certain years stretching from the end of May to ...
It has to be differentiated from other causes of acute abdomen. An abdominal CT scan is the most commonly used modality to ... rare cause of acute abdomen, only seldom requires splenectomy. Case report and literature review". Ann Ital Chir. 78 (6): 529- ... Examples include abdominal traumas, aortic dissection, torsion of the splenic artery (for example, in wandering spleen) or ... In a single-center retrospective cases review, people who were admitted to the hospital with a confirmed diagnosis of acute ...
... is an example of an acute abdomen. Diffuse abdominal rigidity (abdominal guarding) is often present, especially in ... The main manifestations of peritonitis are acute abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, abdominal guarding, rigidity, which are ... Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum, the lining of the inner wall of the abdomen and cover of the abdominal organs. ... One part or the entire abdomen may be tender. Complications may include shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Causes ...
Thomson H, Francis DM (November 1977). "Abdominal-wall tenderness: A useful sign in the acute abdomen". Lancet. 2 (8047): 1053- ... abdominal pain remains unchanged or increases when the muscles of the abdominal wall are tensed. For this part of the abdominal ... Cartwright SL, Knudson MP (April 2008). "Evaluation of acute abdominal pain in adults". Am Fam Physician. 77 (7): 971-8. PMID ... A positive test indicates the increased likelihood that the abdominal wall and not the abdominal cavity is the source of the ...
Clinical features of acute diverticulitis include constant abdominal pain, localized abdominal tenderness in the left lower ... MRI provides a clear picture of the soft tissue of the abdomen, however its expense often outweighs the benefits when compared ... Plain abdominal X-ray may show signs of a thickened wall, ileus, constipation, small bowel obstruction or free air in the case ... Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in 1,112 patients admitted to an urban emergency medical center. Gayer C1, Chino A, Lucas ...
... for the diagnosis of appendicitis or other examples of an acute abdomen (i.e. acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious ... "We found the DRE to have a limited role in the diagnosis of acute, undifferentiated abdominal pain and acute appendicitis."; ... Vigorous examination of the prostate in suspected acute prostatitis can lead to seeding of septic emboli and should never be ... Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute (sudden) bacterial prostatitis, and ...
But with the increase in the use of imaging, especially abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan in the work-up for acute ... Omental infarction is a rare cause of acute abdomen pain with reported incidence being less than 4 per 1000 cases of ... Omental infarction usually presents as right-sided abdominal pain although seldomly causing left-sided abdominal pain and even ... is an acute vascular disorder which compromises tissue of the greater omentum-the largest peritoneal fold in the abdomen. ...
Cope's early diagnosis of the acute abdomen (21st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517545-X. Acute appendicitis ... If abdominal pain results, it is a "positive psoas sign". The pain results because the psoas borders the peritoneal cavity, so ... Huang, Ih-Ping; Smith, C Daniel (August 2006). "Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen, 21st Edition". Annals of Surgery. ... ISBN 978-93-5025-944-3. Augustin, Goran (12 May 2014). Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-319-05422-3. ...
The pain may be epigastric, with radiation to the back, or it may be diffuse, with the appearance of an emergent acute abdomen ... At all ages, the most common clinical manifestation is recurrent abdominal pain and acute pancreatitis. ... prevents in general from recurrent abdominal pain. Restriction of dietary fat to not more than 20 g/day or 15% of the total ... Patients with LPLD are at high risk of acute pancreatitis, which can be life-threatening, and can lead to chronic pancreatic ...
Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Mid tibia spiny and sometimes hind tibia as well. Tibia fringed with long hair in male. ... Forewings with somewhat acute apex. The outer margin nearly straight. Hindwings with slightly angled outer margin at vein 2. ... Larva with four pairs of abdominal prolegs, where the first pair or two pairs are rudimentary. Ophiusa alorensis (Gaede, 1938) ...
The abdomen may be tender to the point that a serious abdominal condition may be suspected, such as acute pancreatitis, ... Furthermore, markers of infection (complete blood count, C-reactive protein) and acute pancreatitis (amylase and lipase) may be ... Predominant symptoms are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be ... Furthermore it can be triggered by severe acute illness, dehydration, extensive exercise, surgery, low-carbohydrate diets, or ...
... featuring abdominal pain, affect the whole abdomen with all signs of peritonitis (inflammation of abdominal lining), and acute ... An acute phase response is present during attacks, with high C-reactive protein levels, an elevated white blood cell count and ... While this agent is not without side effects (such as abdominal pain and muscle pains), it may markedly improve quality of life ... abdominal pain like appendicitis. They occur in 95% of all patients and may lead to unnecessary laparotomy. Incomplete attacks ...
... urine in the abdomen). Large amount of fluid can indicate acute peritonitis. Any degree of abdominal distension is usually ... which causes this affected piece of bowel to rise upward in the abdomen. Abdominal distention may occasionally be seen in adult ... sound in a horse with sand colic after the lower abdomen is forcefully pushed with a fist. Abdominal percussion ("pinging") can ... abdominal tumors, and inguinal or scrotal hernias. Abdominal ultrasound requires an experienced operator to accurately diagnose ...
Abdominal x-ray is therefore not recommended for adults presenting in the emergency department with acute abdominal pain.[13] ... abdomen or chest), lower contrast is preferable in order to accurately demonstrate all of the soft tissue tones in these areas ... Boermeester, Marie A; Gans, Sarah L.; Stoker, J; Boermeester, Marie A (2012). "Plain abdominal radiography in acute abdominal ... For acute abdominal pain in adults, an abdominal x-ray has a low sensitivity and accuracy in general. Computed tomography ...
Abdominal - general. *Abdominal pain *Acute abdomen. *Colic. *Baby colic. *Splenomegaly. *Abdominal guarding ...
These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes. ... generally in that order although auscultation occurs prior to percussion and palpation for abdominal assessments.[13] ... Abdomen and rectum. *Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant) ... Emergency medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of acute or life-threatening conditions, including trauma, ...
Acute abdomen). *Colic(英語:Colic). *嬰兒哭鬧. *Abdominal guarding(英語:Abdominal guarding) ...
"Lassa fever presenting as acute abdomen: a case series". Virology Journal. 10: 124. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-10-123. PMC 3639802 ... The "Swollen baby syndrome" occurs in newborns, infants and toddlers with pitting edema, abdominal distension and hemorrhage.[6 ... After an incubation period of six to 21 days, an acute illness with multiorgan involvement develops. Nonspecific symptoms ... Redefining the Role of Immunoglobulin M and Inflammation in Diagnosing Acute Infection". Virology Journal. 8: 478. doi:10.1186/ ...
Acute abdomen)成因中,機械性阻塞約佔了 5-15%[1][2]。 ... 血管性(英语:vascular disease):腹绞痛(英语:Abdominal angina) ... 小肠梗阻的腹部X光(英语:abdominal X-ray),可见数个气液平面. ... 齊名(英语:Template:Eponymous
abdomen *Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. *Budd-Chiari syndrome. *May-Thurner syndrome. *Portal vein thrombosis ... Acute tubular necrosis. *Genetic *Fanconi syndrome. *Bartter syndrome. *Gitelman syndrome. *Liddle's syndrome ... Abdominal aortic aneurysm. *Thoracic aortic aneurysm. *Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva. *Aortic dissection ...
Worker bees of a certain age secrete beeswax from a series of exocrine glands on their abdomens.[42] They use the wax to form ... Both G. mellonella adults and larvae are possible vectors for pathogens that can infect bees, including the Israeli acute ... Workers have morphological specializations, including the pollen basket (corbicula),[61] abdominal glands that produce beeswax ... The worker dies after the sting becomes lodged and is subsequently torn loose from the bee's abdomen. The honey bee's venom, ...
Mild intestinal signs (abdominal distention, increased gastric residuals, bloody stools). *Non-specific or normal radiological ... a gasless abdomen, or a sentinel loop.[8] Diagnosis is ultimately made in 5-10% of very low-birth-weight infants (,1,500g).[9] ... Monitoring is clinical, although serial supine and left lateral decubitus abdominal X-rays should be performed every six hours ... Symptoms may progress rapidly to abdominal discoloration with intestinal perforation and peritonitis and systemic hypotension ...
None, crampy pain in the right upper abdomen[2][3][4]. Complications. Inflammation of the gallbladder, inflammation of the ... Diagnosis is typically confirmed by abdominal ultrasound. Other imaging techniques used are ERCP and MRCP. Gallstone ... and acute pancreatitis as blockage of the bile ducts can prevent active enzymes being secreted into the bowel, instead damaging ... Open cholecystectomy is performed via an abdominal incision (laparotomy) below the lower right ribs. Recovery typically ...
Acute side effects[edit]. Nausea and vomiting. This is not a general side effect of radiation therapy, and mechanistically is ... The gastrointestinal tract can be damaged following abdominal and pelvic radiotherapy.[22] Atrophy, fibrosis and vascular ... associated only with treatment of the stomach or abdomen (which commonly react a few hours after treatment), or with radiation ... Lee VH, Ng SC, Leung TW, Au GK, Kwong DL (2012). "Dosimetric predictors of radiation-induced acute nausea and vomiting in IMRT ...
Abdominal internal oblique muscle. References. *^ Kong F, Singh RP (June 2008). "Disintegration of solid foods in human stomach ... It lies below the ileocecal valve in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.[34] The cecum receives chyme from the last part ... The liver is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and below the diaphragm to which it is attached at one part, ... The celiac artery is the first major branch from the abdominal aorta, and is the only major artery that nourishes the digestive ...
As the symptoms and diagnostic tests are almost indistinguishable from an acute abdomen (e.g. perforated appendicitis) it is ... Abdominal attacks have also been known to cause a significant increase in the patient's white blood cell count, usually in the ... Acute treatment consists of C1-INH (C1-esterase inhibitor) concentrate from donor blood, which must be administered ... Mast cell tryptase levels may be elevated if the attack was due to an acute allergic (anaphylactic) reaction. When the patient ...
Cardiovascular system damage can include myocardial ischemia/infarction, acute left ventricular dysfunction, acute pulmonary ... abdomen *Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. *Budd-Chiari syndrome. *May-Thurner syndrome. *Portal vein thrombosis ... Acute end-organ damage may occur, affecting the neurological, cardiovascular, renal, or other organ systems. Some examples of ... The kidneys will be affected, resulting in blood and/or protein in the urine, and acute kidney failure. ...
Transverse CT image of the abdomen in a patient with a Spigelian hernia (arrow).. ... meaning that they do not lie below the subcutaneous fat but penetrate between the muscles of the abdominal wall; therefore, ...
Acute pancreatitis can trigger a build-up of fluid, particularly in abdominal and thoracic (chest) areas, acute renal failure, ... painful abdomen, hunched posture, diarrhea, fever, dehydration, and lack of energy, with vomiting being the most common symptom ... Obese animals as well as animals fed a diet high in fat may be more prone to developing acute and chronic pancreatitis. Certain ... Acute pancreatitis is sudden while chronic pancreatitis is characterized by recurring or persistent form of pancreatic ...
The transversus' main function is to produce abdominal pressure in order to constrict the abdominal cavity and pull the ... The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the ... The angle between the inferior pubic rami is acute (70 degrees) in men, but obtuse (90-100 degrees) in women. Accordingly, the ... The gap enclosed by the bony pelvis, called the pelvic cavity, is the section of the body underneath the abdomen and mainly ...
The development of ascites (as shown on this abdominal ultrasound) in cirrhotics that is refractory to the use of diuretic ... These include bacterial infection, acute alcoholic hepatitis, or bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Spontaneous ... large volume paracentesis-which is the removal of ascites fluid from the abdomen using a needle or catheter in order to relieve ... of acute kidney failure in cirrhotics was due to type 1 HRS, and 6.6% was due to type 2 HRS.[18] It is estimated that 18% of ...
Abdomen. *Abdominal pain *Acute abdomen. *Colic. *Baby colic. *Abdominal guarding. *Rebound tenderness ... Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion.[1] It ... In both of these disorders, fluid accumulates in the abdomen and creates a sensation of fullness. Abdominal distension can also ... Here are the most common causes of abdominal distension classified as an underlying cause and as a secondary disease. As an ...
Abdomen. *Abdominal pain *Acute abdomen. *Colic. *Baby colic. *Abdominal guarding. *Rebound tenderness ... Symptoms may be briefly acute or a more prolonged but acute or chronic, relapsing or remitting. Asymptomatic conditions also ... For example, fatigue is a feature of many acute and chronic medical conditions, which may or may not be mental, and may be ... Signs (eg enlarged spleen, lymphadenopathy) and symptoms (eg headache, vomiting) of acute HIV infection ...
8) Nausea or abdominal distress (e.g. churning in the stomach).. Symptoms concerning brain and mind. (9) Feeling dizzy, ... Symptoms concerning chest and abdomen. (5) Difficulty breathing.. (6) Feeling of choking.. (7) Chest pain or discomfort.. ( ...
Judith E. Karp (2007). Acute myelogenous leukemia. Humana Press. pp. 385-. ISBN 978-1-58829-621-4. . Retrieved 13 November 2010 ... A physical exam of the abdomen may reveal enlargement of the spleen, the liver, or both.[3] ... Abdominal fullness related to an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly).. *Bone pain. *Bruising and easy bleeding due to inadequate ...
... a distended abdomen, fever, chills, or abdominal pain and tenderness. ... Two girls with acute lymphoblastic leukemia receiving chemotherapy. The girl at left has a central venous catheter inserted in ... As chemotherapy affects cell division, tumors with high growth rates (such as acute myelogenous leukemia and the aggressive ... Nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, and constipation are common side-effects of chemotherapeutic ...
... s are usually found incidentally when examining the abdomen by ultrasound for other conditions, usually ... The gallbladder polyps are detected during abdominal ultrasonography performed for other reasons.[citation needed] The ... Owen CC, Bilhartz LE (2003). "Gallbladder polyps, cholesterolosis, adenomyomatosis, and acute acalculous cholecystitis". Semin ... abdominal pain.[citation needed] Most small polyps (less than 1 cm) are not cancerous and may remain unchanged for years. ...
Acute renal failure. Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Acute liver failure. Respiratory failure. Multiple organ dysfunction ... The most common sites of infection resulting in severe sepsis are the lungs, the abdomen, and the urinary tract.[21] Typically ... However, vasopressin reduces blood flow to the heart, finger/toes, and abdominal organs, resulting in a lack of oxygen supply ... Lungs: acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (PaO2/FiO2 ratio, 300), different ratio in pediatric acute respiratory ...
Siegmund, GP; Winkelstein, BA; Ivancic, PC; Svensson, MY; Vasavada, A (April 2009). "The anatomy and biomechanics of acute and ... abdomen *Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. *Budd-Chiari syndrome. *May-Thurner syndrome. *Portal vein thrombosis ... Abdominal aortic aneurysm. *Thoracic aortic aneurysm. *Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva. *Aortic dissection ... "Recommendations for imaging of acute ischemic stroke: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association". Stroke. 40 ...
Acute and chronic cancer pain syndromes. In: Doyle D, Hanks G, Cherny N & Calman K. Oxford textbook of palliative medicine. ... Abdominal and urogenital hollow organs Inflammation of artery walls and tissue adjacent to nerves is common in tumors of ... The pain appears on the left or right upper abdomen, is constant, and increases in intensity over time. It is in some cases ... Liver Acute hemorrhage into a hepatocellular carcinoma causes severe upper right quadrant pain, and may be life-threatening, ...
Peritonitis can be acute or chronic, generalized or localized, and may have one origin or multiple origins. The omenta can help ... Mesenteries are folds of peritoneum that are attached to the walls of the abdomen and enclose viscera completely. They are ... The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans[1] and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the ... The abdominal cavity is labeled 3 in this image, and together with the pelvic cavity (4) it makes up the abdominopelvic cavity ...
... is the name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen that is one-third of the distance from the ... Other abdominal processes can also sometimes cause tenderness at McBurney's point. Thus, this sign is highly useful but neither ... Deep tenderness at McBurney's point, known as McBurney's sign, is a sign of acute appendicitis. The clinical sign of referred ... Tenderness at McBurney's point suggests the evolution of acute appendicitis to a later stage, and thus, the increased ...
In addition, the acute angle of His and the lower crura of the diaphragm helps this sphincteric action.[8][22] ... The outermost layer of the esophagus is the adventitia in most of its length, with the abdominal part being covered in serosa. ... These blood vessels develop as part of a collateral circulation that occurs to drain blood from the abdomen as a result of ... This is similar to the lymphatic drainage of the abdominal structures that arise from the foregut, which all drain into the ...
Basically it refers to pain that is felt within the abdomen which is the region of the body bounded by the ribs superiorly and ... Abdominal pain is a very common medical condition that can either be acute or chronic in nature. ... In particular, patients with an acute abdomen must be referred for a surgical opinion. The most common cause of abdominal pain ... Abdominal pain in simple terms refers to pain that is felt in the abdomen (the anatomical region bounded by the ribs superiorly ...
Abdominal tuberculosis mimicking acute abdomen: the role of laparoscopy. Ernesto Miranda-Cervantes, MD, Jorge Carmona-Cantu, MD ... Exudative ascites with abdominal pain and fever is the classic presentation, representing 70% of the cases. But, the incidence ... A 38-year-old male with a two-week history of moderate epigastric abdominal pain and 38ªC fever. Physical examination found ... A 21-year-old female with a four-day history of moderate abdominal pain of diffuse localization. Physical examination revealed ...
Standardised Perioperative Management of Patients Operated With Acute Abdominal Surgery ... Standardised Perioperative Management of Patients Operated With Acute Abdominal Surgery Brief description of study. The ... 200-250 acute laparotomies are performed annually at NL. The operations are performed for a number of reasons, where operation ... objective of the study is to handle patients with the need for an acute laparotomy according to a standardised perioperative ...
List of causes of Abdomen spasm and Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy and Acute prostate symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare ... Abdomen spasm and Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy and Acute prostate symptoms. *Abdomen spasm AND Abdominal Discomfort in ... Causes: Abdomen spasm *Introduction: Abdomen spasm *Abdomen spasm: Add a 4th symptom *Abdomen spasm: Remove a symptom Abdominal ... Causes of Abdomen spasm OR Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy OR Acute prostate symptoms. 1. Abdominal abscess. 2. Acute ...
List of causes of Abdomen spasm and Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy and Acute nausea during pregnancy, alternative diagnoses ... Abdomen spasm and Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy and Acute nausea during pregnancy. *Abdomen spasm AND Abdominal Discomfort ... Causes: Abdomen spasm *Introduction: Abdomen spasm *Abdomen spasm: Add a 4th symptom *Abdomen spasm: Remove a symptom Abdominal ... Causes of Abdomen spasm OR Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy OR Acute nausea during pregnancy. 1. Acute Appendicitis. 2. Acute ...
If the abdominal wall is involved, clinical presentation may resemble an acute ... If the abdominal wall is involved, clinical presentation may resemble an acute abdomen.CASE:A 27-year-old woman, gravida 4 para ... Exercise-Induced Abdominal Wall Muscle Injury Resulting in Rhabdomyolysis and Mimicking an Acute Abdomen ... Abdominal wall muscle injury resulting in rhabdomyolysis can imitate an acute abdomen in a healthy woman presenting with ...
... especially of plain abdominal film in the diagnosis of acute abdomen. However, serial plain abdominal film is still the first ... In this paper serial plain abdominal film findings related to the different types of ileus (spastic ileus, hypotonic ileus, ... diagnostic procedure used in the assessment of patients with acute abdominal pain, providing important diagnostic information ... In recent years the increasing use of ultrasonography and computed tomography in the assessment of diseases causing acute ...
Silent abdomen] and Decreased oxygen saturation in pregnancy, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories ... List of causes of Abdominal pain and Acute gerd-like sternum pain and Bowel sounds, absent [ ... 2. Abdominal Aneurysm. 3. Abdominal Cancer. 4. Abdominal Hernia. 5. Abdominal Injuries. 6. Abdominal abscess. 7. Abdominal ... Abdominal pain:*2360 causes: Abdominal pain *Introduction: Abdominal pain *Abdominal pain: Add a 5th symptom *Abdominal pain: ...
Silent abdomen] and Decreased oxygen saturation in pregnancy and Pleuritic chest pain that exacerbates by deep inspiration, ... List of causes of Abdominal pain and Acute gerd-like sternum pain and Bowel sounds, absent [ ... 2. Abdominal Aneurysm. 3. Abdominal Cancer. 4. Abdominal Hernia. 5. Abdominal Injuries. 6. Abdominal abscess. 7. Abdominal ... Abdominal pain:*2360 causes: Abdominal pain *Introduction: Abdominal pain *Abdominal pain: Add a 6th symptom *Abdominal pain: ...
Abdominal sepsis/acute abdomen. Here, the shunt has to be immediately exteriorized. After the abdominal problem is resolved, it ... They may also present as "acute abdomen" (Fig. 6).. Open image in new window. ... Revision with placement of shunt in another quadrant of abdomen is not feasible in these cases. Here, an atrial shunt or where ... performed once the abdominal fluid has shown no evidence of infection and is preferably done in another quadrant of the abdomen ...
... (Acute Abdominal Pain; Severe Stomach Ache; Abdominal Cramps; Surgical Abdomen). by Amanda Barrett, MA. ... "Acute abdomen" is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may ... As opposed to common abdominal pain, which can be caused by minor issues such as constipation or gas, acute abdominal pain can ... This Acute Abdomen page on EmpowHER Womens Health works best with javascript enabled in your browser.. Toggle navigation ...
Synonyms: Acute abdomen surgical abdomen surgical Abdomen, acute abdomen, acute abdominal pain, acute Abdomen, severe abdominal ... Strong and sudden abdominal pain. Acute and severe abdominal pain as an emergency: the term acute Abdomen or acute abdomen to ... Causes of acute abdominal pain. There are a variety of diseases is out of the question, on the bottom of an acute Abdomen may ... Accompanies the acute Abdomen of the most violent, strong abdominal pain, colic occur fast or permanently. Often, the severe ...
Emergency abdominal radiology: the acute abdomen Ghina A., Birjawi; Lara J., Nassar; Lamya A., Atweh; Samir, Akel; Maurice C., ... Humans , Emergencies , Abdomen, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tomography, Spiral Computed , ... Abdomen, Acute Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Lebanese Med. J. Year: 2009 ... Abdomen, Acute Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Lebanese Med. J. Year: 2009 ...
Acute abdominal pain has painful severe symptoms. Read about Acute Abdomen and abdominal pain ... For acute abdomen pain see also the separate article abdominal Pain . ... Medical causes of abdominal pain are encountered more frequently.. *The Top 5 medical causes of an acute abdomen to consider ... The term acute abdomen represents a rapid onset of severe symptoms that may indicate life-threatening intra-abdominal ...
Colic - Paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels. Infantile colic is benign paroxysmal abdominal pain during the first three ... Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate. Black pox - Black Small ... Intestinal colic - Abdominal pain due to bad or improper diet. Intussusception - The slipping of one part within another, as ... Abdominal dropsy is ascites; brain dropsy is hydrocephalus; and chest dropsy is hydrothorax. Cardiac dropsy is a symptom of ...
Hintergrund Die Beteiligung des Abdomens stellt insbesondere bei polytraumatisierten Patienten ein relevantes Verletzungsmuster ... Acute abdominal trauma. Abstract. Background. In patients with multiple trauma, abdominal involvement is a particularly ... Carter JW, Falco MH, Chopko MS et al (2015) Do we really rely on fast for decision-making in the management of blunt abdominal ... Soto JA, Anderson SW (2012) Multidetector CT of blunt abdominal trauma. Radiology 265:678-693CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Acute Abdomen, Painful Erection Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Sickle Cell Crisis, Appendicitis, Duodenal Ulcer. ... Involvement of the abdomen may present as acute abdomen case. Acute abdomen may occur due to infraction of intra-abdominal ... Abdominal pain can be severe, resembling acute abdomen; it may result from referred pain from other sites or intra-abdominal ... 128 Possible Causes for Abdominal Pain, Acute Abdomen, Painful Erection * Sickle Cell Crisis ...
Chief Compliant The patient is a 50 year old white male with diabetes who complains of right lower quadrant abdominal pain for ... Abdominal Pain and the Acute Abdomen. Mon, 15 Jul 2019 , Respiratory Rate ... Chief Compliant: The patient is a 50 year old white male with diabetes who complains of right lower quadrant abdominal pain for ... Past Medical History: History of abdominal surgery (appendectomy, cholecystectomy), hernias, gallstones; coronary disease, ...
The Diagnosis and Management of the Acute Abdomen in Pregnancy - Author: Greenspan, Peter Bogach (#editor) - Price: 109,10€ ... 6. Obstetrical Etiologies of Abdominal Pain. Peter Bogach Greenspan. 7. Gynecologic Etiologies of Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy. ... 3. General Principles in the Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen. Peter Bogach Greenspan. 4. Imaging the Gravid Female. Stephanie ... The Diagnosis and Management of the Acute Abdomen in Pregnancy. 109,10€ ...
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  • Intestinal inflammations such as Ileitis and colitis, and acute appendicitis (appendicitis) often with pain in the umbilical region, during the acute diverticulitis of the colon typically causes pain in the left lower abdomen. (
  • Acute appendicitis or Meckel's diverticulitis . (
  • Such cramps are exactly what is experienced with early acute appendicitis and gastroenteritis and are somewhat relieved by writhing and massage. (
  • Antibiotic therapy versus appendectomy for acute appendicitis: a meta-analysis. (
  • The most common surgical cause of acute abdominal pain is acute appendicitis. (
  • Because appendicitis is a common disease, it must remain in the comprehensive diagnosis of any undiagnosed patient with persistent abdominal pain, particularly that in the right lower abdomen. (
  • Ultrasonography performed in patients with suspected acute appendicitis improves patient care, both by averting unnecessary appendectomies and by averting delays before medical or surgical treatment, which consequently reduces hospital expenditure. (
  • In fact, appendectomy is the only rational therapy for acute appendicitis. (
  • Abdominal pain is caused by inflammation of an organ (for example, appendicitis , diverticulitis , colitis ), by stretching or distention of an organ (for example, obstruction of the intestine, blockage of a bile duct by gallstones , swelling of the liver with hepatitis ), or by loss of the supply of blood to an organ (for example, ischemic colitis). (
  • Findings were consistent with acute appendicitis with a surrounding inflammatory response. (
  • Acute abdomen is the most-common manifestation in humans, mimicking an appendicitis. (
  • Appendicitis, acute pancreatitis, diverticulitus: all possible serious diagnoses in patients presenting to the emergency department with abdominal pain. (
  • Appendicitis typically causes discomfort in the middle of the abdomen, and then moves to the right lower abdomen, the usual location of the appendix . (
  • The most common causes of acute abdomen are acute appendicitis, acute peptic ulcer, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, acute peritonitis and acute pyelonephritis [8]. (
  • A sudden pain in the lower part of the abdomen may be signs of appendicitis. (
  • Objectives To determine the value of abdominal radiography (AXR) for investigating patients attending hospital with a first episode of appendicitis (requiring appendicectomy), acute gallbladder disease or acute pancreatitis, and to identify if early (within 18 h) ultrasound or CT scanning reduces the use of AXR. (
  • The patient will frequently relate a prior abdominal pain history that is less severe due to the underlying cause of the perforation (gastrointestinal ulcer, appendicitis, diverticulitis, malignancy, prior surgery, etc. (
  • Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder) and gall stones typically cause pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. (
  • Pain that is felt in the abdomen may be "referred" from elsewhere ( e.g. , a disease process in the chest may cause pain in the abdomen), and abdominal processes can cause radiated pain elsewhere ( e.g. , gall bladder pain-in cholecystitis or cholelithiasis -is often referred to the shoulder ). (
  • Acute cholecystitis, caused by gallstones in the gallbladder. (
  • This is known as acute cholecystitis. (
  • The risk of developing acute cholecystitis from symptomatic gallstones is 1 to 3 percent . (
  • It can also show abnormalities associated with acute cholecystitis. (
  • Identification of specific predictors for acute cholecystitis in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery should be attempted early in order to identify at-risk patients and prompt earlier diagnosis and treatment. (
  • From the above picture, the initial clinical diagnosis was bowel ischemia or acute cholecystitis. (
  • What is Acute Cholecystitis? (
  • Acute cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder. (
  • See your doctor as soon as possible if you think you have acute cholecystitis. (
  • Gallstones are by far the most common cause of acute cholecystitis. (
  • Acute cholecystitis can also be caused by a severe illness or a tumor. (
  • They also have a higher risk of developing acute cholecystitis. (
  • What are the symptoms of acute cholecystitis? (
  • Pain from acute cholecystitis can feel like sharp pain or dull cramps. (
  • How is acute cholecystitis diagnosed? (
  • The symptoms of acute cholecystitis can resemble many other illnesses. (
  • Your doctor may need to run more tests if you've been diagnosed with acute cholecystitis. (
  • You may be able to reduce your risk of developing acute or chronic cholecystitis by losing weight and eating a healthier diet. (
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of optimizing Helical CT parameters in the protocol and emphasize the CT features of selected cases of disorders related acute abdominal complain at the Emergency Department both in general and in a number of selected conditions (Urolithiasis, Aortic Aneurysm Rupture and acute cholecystitis). (
  • Cholecystitis , inflammation of the gallbladder can occur in both acute and chronic cases. (
  • Initial clinical diagnosis was of acute cholecystitis. (
  • This refers to a condition where patients are really unwell with signs and symptoms (almost always including pain) that suggest an abdominal cause. (
  • The symptoms of acute abdomen have a variety of causes. (
  • The term 'acute abdomen' represents a rapid onset of severe symptoms that may indicate life-threatening intra-abdominal pathology. (
  • Abdominal pain is a common problem, ranking in the top three symptoms of patients presenting to accident and emergency departments, but only a few of those patients will have an acute abdomen. (
  • Management of the acute abdomen in primary care should focus on careful assessment to reach a differential diagnosis list, with close attention paid to symptoms and signs that may indicate a need to investigate the situation further in hospital. (
  • [] Peptic ulcers are eroded areas in the lining of stomach and duodenum, which result in abdominal pain , possible bleeding, and other gastrointestinal symptoms. (
  • prostatitis Symptoms of acute prostatitis include: pain, which may be severe, in or around your penis, testicles, anus, lower abdomen or lower back - passing stools (faeces [] Sexual problems of CPPS may include difficulty achieving an erection , and pain during and after ejaculation. (
  • Abdominal pain can be one of the symptoms associated with transient disorders or serious disease. (
  • Abdominal pain is a common symptoms that afflicts every child and adult at some point in their life. (
  • Do not eat foods that cause abdominal pain or other symptoms. (
  • Any patient who becomes acutely ill and in whom symptoms and signs are chiefly related to the abdomen. (
  • Acute abdominal pain is one of the most frequently encountered symptoms in patients seeking emergency attention. (
  • Signs and symptoms can mimic other acute intra-abdominal conditions. (
  • After one day of bed-rest, his blood pressure normalized (120/80) and at no time did he suffer symptoms typical of acute radiation sickness. (
  • The severity of the pain, its location within your abdominal area, and accompanying symptoms may provide clues to the origin of the pain - and whether or not you should seek help immediately. (
  • If you develop an aching or stabbing pain or pressure in the upper abdominal area just under the ribs, this may indicate a heart-related problem, says Kristine Arthur, MD, internist at Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center in Fountain Valley, CA. 'This is particularly true if the pain persists or you have other symptoms like shortness of breath. (
  • Symptoms include pain in the center of the upper abdomen, vomiting, and diarrhea . (
  • Abdominal symptoms may take on features of an acute abdomen. (
  • Symptoms in neonates may be attributed by parents as abdominal pain. (
  • If you see a doctor with abdominal pain, they'll ask you several questions about your symptoms and medical history, including any previous surgery you've had. (
  • The patient presented with signs and symptoms of acute intestinal obstruction. (
  • While presentation with associated acute pancreatitis has been rarely reported [3,4], presentation with acute "biliary colic-like symptoms" is extremely rare. (
  • Physical examination revealed a normal contour abdomen, absent peristalsis, tense, and generalized tenderness with a positive Blumberg sign. (
  • A palpable hard abdominal wall (muscular tenderness), as well as a bloated belly in the case of absolute Lack of bowel movements or outgoing winds often occur. (
  • Abdominal point tenderness is the pain you feel when pressure is placed over a certain part of the belly area (abdomen). (
  • Abdominal tenderness can range from mild to severe. (
  • Rebound" tenderness occurs when the tissue that lines the abdominal cavity (the peritoneum) is irritated, inflamed, or infected. (
  • He showed tenderness in the mid-lower abdomen, but no rebound tenderness. (
  • It is diagnosed on physical examination as rebound tenderness , or pain upon removal of pressure rather than application of pressure to the abdomen. (
  • Tenderness in the abdomen. (
  • Pain and tenderness in the upper right of the abdomen. (
  • Abdominal examination revealed abdominal tenderness and rigidity in the central and mid-abdomen. (
  • Diffuse abdominal tenderness is often present. (
  • Pain and tenderness in the upper abdomen. (
  • Physical examination revealed a soft distended abdomen with diffuse tenderness but no rebound tenderness. (
  • The increasing tachycardia and abdominal tenderness warranted an emergency exploration. (
  • Patients often appear ill, frequently are jaundiced, and usually have tenderness in the RUQ of the abdomen. (
  • Tender and swollen abdomen - Abdominal tenderness is usually found but may be less severe than expected given the patient's degree of abdominal pain. (
  • Abdominal CT scanning is used in the emergency setting to diagnose complex intra-abdominal conditions, to differentiate causes of bowel obstruction, and to evaluate complications of hernia, pancreatitis, biliary obstruction , acute vascular compromise, and abdominal aneurysm . (
  • Some mild cases resolve without treatment, but severe, acute pancreatitis can trigger potentially fatal complications. (
  • Acute pancreatitis is estimated to affect between 4.5 and 35 in every 100,000 individuals per year. (
  • Every year, there are 275,000 hospitalizations for acute pancreatitis in the United States. (
  • Acute pancreatitis starts suddenly, but chronic pancreatitis is recurring or persistent. (
  • This article will focus on acute pancreatitis. (
  • Here are some key points about acute pancreatitis. (
  • Pancreatitis is split into acute and chronic types. (
  • The most common causes of acute pancreatitis are gallstones and alcohol abuse. (
  • Sharp and sudden abdominal pain can be a sign of pancreatitis. (
  • Treatment for acute pancreatitis will depend on whether it is mild or serious. (
  • Mild acute pancreatitis can be moderately or severely painful. (
  • In severe acute pancreatitis, there is usually some tissue death, or necrosis. (
  • Severe acute pancreatitis can also cause hypovolemic shock . (
  • Participants Audit of 355 patients (179 patients (50%) who underwent appendicectomy, 128 (36%) admitted with acute gallbladder disease and 48 (14%) with acute pancreatitis). (
  • Results AXR was performed in 53 patients (30%) who underwent appendicectomy, 73 (57%) with acute gallstone disease and 38 (78%) with acute pancreatitis. (
  • IAH increases morbidity and mortality in acute pancreatitis (AP) and has become an issue of concern [ 2 ]. (
  • Do not exclude the possibility of abdominal aortic aneurysm, gastrointestinal bleeding, pancreatitis, bowel obstruction, volvulus in any form, mesenteric ischemia, incarcerated/strangulated hernia or intra-abdominal infection. (
  • The lowest rates of abdominal closure are in emergency general surgery, with pancreatitis having the lowest rate of abdominal closure. (
  • Acute pancreatitis is an infrequent but often-described consequence of recurrent bouts of pyogenic cholangitis. (
  • In patients presenting with acute pancreatitis, the pain may be in the epigastrium, as opposed to the RUQ. (
  • Pancreatitis can be sudden and last for short duration called as acute pancreatitis. (
  • Severe and sudden pain- Severe upper abdominal pain, with radiation through to the back, is the hallmark of pancreatitis. (
  • Sudden and violent pain in the abdomen occur, the shear-like manner or continuously stronger, this is often a sign of a medical emergency. (
  • Acute abdomen" is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may have to go to the hospital. (
  • Almost everyone has pain in the abdomen at some point. (
  • Most of us refer to pain in the abdomen as upper abdominal pain or lower abdominal pain but there are more specific ways to locate and identify the areas in the abdomen. (
  • Acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe pain in the abdomen that is less than 24 hours in duration. (
  • Acute onset of sever pain in the abdomen. (
  • Six months previously, she had presented with abdominal pain and nausea of sudden onset. (
  • Abdominal cramping (aGvHD of the gastrointestinal tract) in the abdomen without or with diarrhea, constant vomiting and nausea. (
  • the patient developed abdominal pain, mainly in the right hypochondrium with nausea. (
  • In older patients, vague upper and mid-abdominal pain associated with nausea, burping and belching could be signs of a heart attack, says Robert Glatter, MD, emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, and national spokesman for the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). (
  • Patients in acute adrenal crisis most often have prominent nausea, vomiting, and vascular collapse. (
  • In acute adrenal hemorrhage, the patient, usually in an acute care setting, deteriorates with sudden collapse, abdominal or flank pain, and nausea with or without hyperpyrexia. (
  • Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines causing acute nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. (
  • Pain associated with the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm may radiate to the back, flank, or genitals. (
  • His main clinical interests include valvular surgery, myocardial revascularization and aortic surgery (thoracic and thoraco-abdominal). (
  • Contrast is seen extending beyond the calcified abdominal aortic lumen at, and below, the level of the origin of the renal arteries, with a contained saccular portion measuring 3.4 X 1.7 X 2.7 cm (representing a pseudoaneurysm or a contained dissection secondary to an atherosclerotic ulcer). (
  • Contrast-enhanced CT was highly sensitive for acute aortic syndrome and therefore the CT imaging protocols must be adjusted in order to minimize dose from radiation. (
  • 2004) Acute Aortic Dissection: Population-Based Incidence Compared with Degenerative Aortic Aneurysm Rupture. (
  • Siegel, C.L. and Cohan, R.H. (1994) CT of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. (
  • The image to the right displays a lady holding her lower abdomen in an attempt to relieve her pain. (
  • Pain in the middle lower abdomen is called hypogastric or suprapubic pain and may arise from the bladder, spine or uterus. (
  • A bruised bladder, also known as a contusion, is normally caused by a direct impact to the lower abdomen. (
  • Often, it can be difficult to know if lower abdominal pain is coming from the lower abdomen or pelvis ( pelvic pain ). (
  • Rarely, the pain is first felt in the lower abdomen. (
  • operation for acute peritonitis due to different kinds of stomach- or bowel perforation and re-operations for complications to elective surgery are the most common. (
  • Older adults have acceptable survival rates after major abdominal surgery, but tolerate complications poorly. (
  • Conditions resulting in an acute abdomen can cause serious complications, sometimes even death. (
  • The following are all possible injuries or complications which can be caused by a direct impact or trauma to the abdomen. (
  • While in acute cases, patients take antibiotics for complications such as abscesses, pain control, and nothing to eat until a cholecystectomy. (
  • Follow-up sonograms and CT scans showed improved diverticulitis in the absence of other intra-abdominal complications. (
  • Patients may present with the following: (1) an acute attack of cholangitis, (2) a history of recurrent attacks of cholangitis typified by fevers, right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain, and jaundice, or (3) complications of pyogenic cholangitis. (
  • Persons with peritonitis will often tense the abdominal muscles when the doctor touches the area. (
  • Acute abdomen is occasionally used synonymously with peritonitis . (
  • A number of such tests have been proposed to exclude peritonitis or any serious acute abdominal pathology. (
  • In these cases, physicians will need to rule out peritonitis, inflammation of the abdominal cavity. (
  • While younger cats tend to have peritonitis due to infectious and traumatic causes, malignant cancers are more often the cause of acute abdomen in older cats. (
  • Conclusions: Omental infarction should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the acute surgical abdomen. (
  • Background -In many patients presenting with an acute surgical abdomen, the outcome of management is determined by the promptness of the appropriate surgical intervention. (
  • Method - This is a prospective study of all consecutive patients with the clinical diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen admitted over an 8- month period [March to October 2005] into the surgical services of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital [UDUTH], Sokoto. (
  • The adverse consequences of prolonged waiting time in our center among patients admitted with acute surgical abdomen are most commonly due to financial difficulties. (
  • Acute surgical abdomen are life-threatening emergencies. (
  • Therefore the identification of these specific factors, and their elimination or control, will not only shorten the waiting time beforeemergency operations in communities similar to ours, but will also diminish the adverse outcome that associated with the management of acute surgical abdomen in our sub region. (
  • Over an 8-month period [March to October 2005], all 136 consecutive patients admitted into the emergency wing of the hospital with a clinical diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen were enrolled into study. (
  • As opposed to common abdominal pain, which can be caused by minor issues such as constipation or gas, acute abdominal pain can signal a variety of more serious conditions, some of which require immediate medical care and/or surgery. (
  • Abdominal exploration is surgery to look at the organs and structures in your belly area (abdomen). (
  • Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy. (
  • Surgery may be needed to treat a serious cause of abdominal pain. (
  • The primary outcome is to determine if the value of venous lactate is a predictive factor of emergency surgery in patients with acute abdominal pain. (
  • The secondary outcome is to determine if the 'strong ion gap', first defined in 'The Stewart Approach', is a predictive factor of emergency surgery in patients with acute abdominal pain. (
  • To describe the experience of patients over a 7-year period who have had open abdomen (OA) surgery, at a tertiary university hospital. (
  • Little is known about the physiologic and clinical effects of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients who have acute respiratory failure (ARF) after abdominal surgery. (
  • We evaluated our clinical experience with the use of NPPV in the treatment of ARF after abdominal surgery. (
  • NPPV may be an alternative to conventional ventilation in selected patients with ARF after abdominal surgery who require ventilatory support. (
  • The aim of this book is to identify and shed new light on the main surgical practices involved in acute care and trauma surgery. (
  • Emerging surgical procedures in Acute Care Surgery are also explored step by step with the help of ample illustrations. (
  • Since 1980, he has been working at the Department of Surgery and Transplant Center at the Niguarda Hospital in Milan, Italy, where he was mainly involved in abdominal organ transplantation and in emergency surgery. (
  • In these cases, your doctor may discover the gallstones from X-rays or during abdomen surgery. (
  • Patients may present with clinical features of chronic Addison disease or in acute addisonian crisis precipitated by stress factors such as infection, trauma, surgery, vomiting, diarrhea, or noncompliance with replacement steroids. (
  • Focusing on the clinical care of the patient, this volume explores the general principles of acute care surgery and the specific disease states that are commonly encountered by acute care surgeons. (
  • The work also touches upon the ethical issues and systems development behind acute care surgery, including practical considerations for establishing an acute care surgery program, ethical considerations in acute care surgery, and the role of palliative care. (
  • Each chapter addresses a specific topic in acute care surgery. (
  • All chapters are written by experts in the field of Acute Care Surgery. (
  • Common Problems in Acute Care Surgery, Second Edition will be of great value to surgical residents, fellows, and practicing acute care surgeons. (
  • [ 1 ] The indications for damage-control surgery and the management of the OA have been published in the two previous publications from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) Practice Management Guidelines Committee: Open Abdomen Parts I and II. (
  • For example, because you've had abdominal surgery or an infection. (
  • Adhesions can form after any type of surgery in your abdomen or pelvis. (
  • It is crucial to determine the underlying cause of the acute abdomen, as your veterinarian may have to perform emergency surgery to resolve it. (
  • Patients who have experienced recurrent episodes typically report 1-2 episodes of fevers, jaundice, and RUQ abdominal pain per year and a history of prior biliary surgery, endoscopic procedures, or percutaneous biliary drainage procedures. (
  • A computed tomography scan was performed, revealing abdominal wall inflammation. (
  • In recent years the increasing use of ultrasonography and computed tomography in the assessment of diseases causing acute abdomen and the diagnostic possibilities of magnetic resonance have decreased the role of conventional radiology techniques, especially of plain abdominal film in the diagnosis of acute abdomen. (
  • Abdominal computed tomography revealed diverticulitis with abscess formation. (
  • Can acute cholecytitis with gallbladder perforation be detected preoperatively by computed tomography in ED? (
  • Abdominal radiography showed a large amount of gas in the colon, and a computed tomography scan also showed colonic gas and a large stool mass blocking the rectum (Figure 1 ). (
  • Urgent computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis was performed the same day. (
  • Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scanning has revolutionized patient care in the past two decades. (
  • During the last years, a trend towards increased use of computed tomography in patients with acute abdomen can be seen. (
  • Jastaniah, S. and Salih, A. (2014) Helical Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Selected Cases of Acute Abdomen. (
  • Wang, J.H., Shen, S.H., Huang, S.S. and Chang, C.Y. (2008) Prospective Comparison of Unenhanced Spiral Computed Tomography and Intravenous Urography in the Evaluation of Acute Renal Colic. (
  • Abdominal computed tomography showed a massively dilated, tightly filled stomach extending into the pelvis. (
  • Acute and severe abdominal pain as an emergency: the term acute Abdomen or acute abdomen to collect various abdominal diseases in which suddenly, a life-threatening condition can occur. (
  • Acute liver disease can cause sudden and severe abdominal pain. (
  • Severe abdominal pain often requires urgent hospitalization but is not always due to a serious or life-threatening ailment. (
  • After being administered a laxative, he complained of diarrhea and severe abdominal pain. (
  • A 54-year-old man was referred to the emergency department for severe abdominal pain and diarrhea. (
  • However, his diarrhea worsened, and acute, severe abdominal pain occurred 6 days after the development of diarrhea, and then he visited the emergency department. (
  • Sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. (
  • Severe abdominal pain may need immediate treatment. (
  • Severe abdominal pain is the presenting complaint in patients with perforated viscus, with very remote exception" (elderly, debilitated, disabled, paraplegic/quadriplegic). (
  • An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. (
  • citation needed] Stable patients presenting to A&E (accident and emergency department) or ER (emergency room) with severe abdominal pain will almost always have an abdominal x-ray and/or a CT scan. (
  • In patients with multiple trauma, abdominal involvement is a particularly relevant injury pattern. (
  • Carter JW, Falco MH, Chopko MS et al (2015) Do we really rely on fast for decision-making in the management of blunt abdominal trauma? (
  • Abdominal pain can result from direct impact or trauma to the stomach. (
  • Bruised abs (or an abdominal muscle contusion) occur after a direct trauma or impact to the stomach muscles. (
  • The development of the "damage control" concept and the utility of the open abdomen (OA) technique in trauma, general, and vascular surgical emergencies have resulted in improved survival of the critically ill or injured patient. (
  • The highest rates of abdominal closure are in trauma patients, followed by vascular emergencies. (
  • A 21-year-old female with a four-day history of moderate abdominal pain of diffuse localization. (
  • During laparoscopy straw-like fluid was found with diffuse implants in the abdominal cavity (Figure 2,3). (
  • An 84 year old woman presented with acute, diffuse, colicky abdominal pain associated with intermittent vomiting, and had a six week background of general malaise and weight loss. (
  • Clinical examination of the underweight patient (BMI 17.4) found a tight abdomen with diffuse guarding and no bowel sounds. (
  • Heart attack may present with upper abdominal pain. (
  • [] Thus, an erect posteroanterior chest radiograph is not sufficiently sensitive to rule out pneumoperitoneum in patients presenting with upper abdominal pain . (
  • This allows air and gastrointestinal contents to leak into the abdomen, presenting clinically as a sudden worsening of the patient's pain and change in nature to a constant, severe upper abdominal pain that may radiate to the back. (
  • Is it right upper abdominal pain only? (
  • Some can cause upper abdominal pain, while others remain asymptomatic. (
  • Furthermore, abdominal pain may arise from various anatomical structures including tissues comprising the abdominal wall (such as the muscles and skin) or from the actual abdominal organs themselves (stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, kidneys, aorta and pancreas) making diagnosis more difficult. (
  • Furthermore, the biliary colic will find the cause, an acute inflammation of the gallbladder and biliary perforation (penetration of the gall bladder), but also an acute inflammation of the pancreas, the stomach is accompanied by all the most with (some cramping) pain in the upper right. (
  • It can arise from the abdominal organs like the gallbladder or appendix, the tissues in the abdomen like the peritoneum or the abdominal wall consisting of connective tissue, subcutaneous fat, muscles and skin. (
  • Your gallbladder is a small organ below the liver in the upper right abdomen. (
  • Gallbladder disease presents chiefly with abdominal pain located in the right upper abdomen. (
  • An abdominal sonogram, supplemented with a CT scan, revealed duodenal diverticulitis around the ampulla and gallbladder inflammation by contiguity ( Fig. 1 ). (
  • the rest of the abdomen was soft and lax with mild distension, intestinal sounds were audible but sluggish and rectal examination revealed an empty rectum. (
  • Emergency surgical treatment may be necessary in acute intestinal obstruction in which the mass of the parasite obstructs the intestinal lumen or intestinal obstruction develops due to volvulus [11]. (
  • Abdominal ultrasonography demonstrated parallel paired lines like "railway tracks" in the intestinal lumen that was suggestive of worms. (
  • High small intestinal ileus caused by obstruction of the horizontal segment of the duodenum due to acute gastric dilatation is a rare, potentially fatal (gastric necrosis, gastric rupture) complication of extreme overeating. (
  • Multiple chylous cysts of abdomen causing intestinal obstruction. (
  • Exploratory laparotomy revealed few intestinal adhesions along with multiple small cysts containing blood stained gelatinous material in the abdominal cavity, some of which were excised alongwith lymph nodes. (
  • Kamat M M, Bahal N K, Prabhu S R, Pai M V. Multiple chylous cysts of abdomen causing intestinal obstruction. (
  • A clinical diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction was made. (
  • The pain associated with the abdomen of inflammation of the parietal peritoneum (the part of the peritoneum lining the abdominal wall) is steady and aching, and worsened by changes in the tension of peritoneum caused by pressure or positional change. (
  • Acute abdomen refers to the clinical situation in which a sudden change in the condition of the intra-abdominal organs - usually related to inflammation or infection - demands immediate and accurate diagnosis. (
  • To complicate matters, however, abdominal pain also can occur without inflammation, distention or loss of blood supply. (
  • Chief Compliant: The patient is a 50 year old white male with diabetes who complains of right lower quadrant abdominal pain for 4 hours. (
  • Abdominal pain may be a feature of numerous medical and surgical conditions and arise from organs within or adjacent to the abdominal cavity. (
  • Occasionally pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it originates from nearby organs outside the abdominal cavity such as the lungs in pneumonia , heart during a heart attack or pelvic structures such as the uterus and ovaries. (
  • Sometimes abdominal pain may emenate from the spine or even from the organs in the chest cavity or pelvic cavity. (
  • The abdominal cavity contains the most number of organs compared to any other cavity in the body. (
  • Although pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (such as the skin and muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe discomfort originating from organs within the abdominal cavity. (
  • Occasionally, pain may be felt in the belly even though it is arising from organs that are close to, but not within, the abdominal cavity, for example, conditions of the lower lungs , the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries. (
  • The interaction between solid organs, hollow viscera, gas, fluids and the cavity generates a pressure known as intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). (
  • If the abdominal wall is involved, clinical presentation may resemble an acute abdomen. (
  • We present a rare clinical case of acute abdomen due to torsion of wandering spleen and volvulus of sigmoid in a 14-year-old girl presented with painful periumbilical mass [] Figure 17c Figure 18 "Northern exposure" sign in a 52-year-old man with abdominal pain . (
  • A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid onset. (
  • Further, the book offers an overview of treatment options for acute organ failure, with a focus on peculiar clinical situations that call for special treatment, including: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), circulatory support and urgent liver transplantation. (
  • The Stanford Body Imaging Fellowship is a one-year clinical fellowship that will provide structured training and broad exposure to abdominal/body imaging. (
  • This text provides a comprehensive, evidence-based review of the most common clinical problems encountered by acute care surgeons. (
  • Lack or gallstones on dual imaging modalities (CT and ultrasound), lack of ill-defined surrounding inflammatory changes as well as extensive distinct mass-like nature of the pathology on CT made a purely inflammatory aetiology very unlikely despite an acute clinical presentation and a previously well clinical state. (
  • Traditionally, the use of opiates or other painkillers in patients with an acute abdomen has been discouraged before the clinical examination, because these would alter the examination. (
  • Do opiates affect the clinical evaluation of patients with acute abdominal pain? (
  • Likewise pain originating from abdominal organs may be referred to the skin or back depending on the nerve supply of the organs. (
  • The abdominal organs are fitted with various pain receptors that detect abnormal mechanical and chemical stimuli. (
  • Acute abdomen may occur due to infraction of intra-abdominal organs or referred pain from other sites. (
  • In penetrating abdominal injuries hollow visceral organs are most frequently affected. (
  • The surgeon makes a cut into the abdomen and examines the abdominal organs. (
  • Most of the abdominal organs are part of the digestive system with the gastrointestinal tract (gut) occuping most of the space within the abdomen. (
  • Abdominal cramps (spasms) are painful contractions of the hollow abdominal organs or muscles in abdominal wall lasting from few seconds to several hours. (
  • It comes from organs within the abdomen or organs adjacent to the belly. (
  • Picture of the organs and glands in the abdomen. (
  • Even pain or discomfort that corresponds with the anatomical position of the stomach may not be gastric in origin but associated with neighboring organs like the esophagus or duodenum or even structures in the surrounding abdominal quadrants. (
  • The history you provide may give your veterinarian clues as to which organs are causing the sudden abdominal pain in your cat. (
  • For example, you might have very bad abdominal pain if you have gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis . (
  • Are bloating and lower abdominal cramps an early pregnancy sign? (
  • There is an urgent emergency exists, if the ongoing abdominal pain from the vomiting of Blood, fever, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), low blood pressure, facial pallor and cold sweat. (
  • Sudden onset of acute and severe discomfort in the abdominal area are often a sign of an emergency. (
  • Abdominal pain is any pain, ache or discomfort in the abdomen (also referred to as the belly). (
  • Dull aches or discomfort is often referred to as a sore abdomen although this also technically falls within the scope of abdominal pain. (
  • Abdominal (belly) pain is pain or discomfort that is felt in the part of the trunk below the ribs and above the pelvis. (
  • 9. H/o primary infertility with no apparent cause on examination & family H/o or personal H/o T.B. H/o vague lower abdominal discomfort with low grade fever/undue fatigue/persistent ill health over months to years associated with weight loss. (
  • A CT scan can provide a differential diagnosis between simple and complex pathologies causing the Acute abdomen. (
  • This diagnosis is first suspected on through a careful history, a thorough examination, attention to abnormal vital signs, and a broad differential diagnosis in ill patients with abdominal pain. (
  • Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen: Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis for a Timely Management Approach. (
  • After an increase in the dosage of oxycodone, he complained of abdominal distension and constipation. (
  • He visited the emergency department and was diagnosed with acute colonic obstruction caused by severe constipation. (
  • A 12-year-old boy from Tokh El Khail, Minia governorate, Egypt, was admitted to the emergency department of Minia University Hospital, Minia, Egypt, on 10 March 2012, with acute colicky periumbilical abdominal pain not referred to other sites, vomiting and constipation for 3 days. (
  • Lower 'crampy' abdominal pain accompanied by bloating and diarrhea or constipation can be signs of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), says Singh. (
  • A 35-year-old female presented with coiicky abdominal pain, vomiting, mild abdominal distension and constipation for 2 days. (
  • An ultrasound produces images of your abdomen. (
  • Using an ultrasound transducer supplanting a physician's hands during an abdominal ultrasound can detect a positive Murphy's sign. (
  • X-rays and ultrasound will be used to locate the source of the disturbance in the abdomen. (
  • An abdominal ultrasound was unremarkable apart from mild CBD (8 mm) dilatation. (
  • Initial abdominal ultrasound (not shown) showed a thin walled gall-bladder with no mural thickening, hyperaemia, pericholecystic fluid or gallstones. (
  • for duodenal ulcers (bilroth 2)' complicaions of duodenal ulcer perforation hemorrhage gastric outlet obstruction descirbe perforated ulcer anterior: sudden onset of pain, acute [] An erect chest X-ray confirmed the presence of pneumoperitoneum and a right-sided pneumothorax. (
  • The pain associated with abdominal vascular disturbances ( thrombosis or embolism ) can be sudden or gradual in onset, and can be severe or mild. (
  • Typically, the patient will experience a sudden onset of pain in the center of the upper abdomen, below the breastbone (sternum). (
  • Although the term 'stomach' is often used interchangeably with 'abdomen', the stomach is a specific organ whereas the abdomen is a section of the torso. (
  • Pain in the middle upper abdomen is called epigastric pain and may arise from the stomach, lower part of esophagus, pancreas, heart, spine or aorta. (
  • Severe abdominal (stomach) pain is a debilitating pain where a person is unable to continue with daily activities due to the severity of the pain. (
  • Abdominal pain is a common symptom, and most people have experienced some sort of abdominal pain (belly or stomach pain). (
  • You expect stomach distress in situations like these, but other times, abdominal pain can come out of nowhere. (
  • The pancreas is a long, flat gland located behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. (
  • Asimismo, el dolor abdominal puede deberse a una hernia, apendicitis o una úlcera. (
  • If you have sudden abdominal pain, you should seek urgent medical attention. (
  • This imaging test takes pictures of your liver and abdominal region. (
  • Abdominal pain is a very common medical condition that can either be acute or chronic in nature. (
  • Abdominal pain can be classified into three categories: acute abdomen, recurrent, and chronic functional. (
  • Abdominal pain is traditionally described by its chronicity (acute or chronic), progression over time, nature (sharp, dull, colicky ), characterization of the factors that worsen or alleviate pain, and distribution of the pain. (
  • As with other difficult to diagnose chronic medical problems, patients with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) account for a very large number of office visits and medical resources in proportion to their actual numbers. (
  • Chronic functional abdominal pain (CFAP) is the ongoing presence of abdominal pain for which there is no known medical explanation. (
  • A 66-year-old male presented with a history of coronary artery disease, chronic renal insufficiency, ostomyelitis of the foot, and 6 days of constant abdominal pain. (
  • Hartleb A, Geser L, H user W: Acute abdomen in chronic anorexia nervosa with episodes of bulimia. (
  • Ongoing, long-term (chronic) pain in your abdomen or pelvis. (
  • Serial plain abdominal film findings in the assessment of acute abdomen: spastic ileus, hypotonic ileus, mechanical ileus and paralytic ileus. (
  • No. of women c/o pain is proportional to no. of women having abdominal findings on physical examination. (
  • Operative findings revealed a dilated and mildly edematous dusky segment of the ileum, 15cm long, with mildly sluggish peristalsis and no sign of acute ischemia (figure 3). (
  • Which abdominal findings indicate pediatric Crohn disease? (
  • Abdominal findings may vary from normal to those of an acute abdomen. (
  • Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate. (
  • Episodes of acute lower abdominal pain owing to secondary infection by pyogenic org. (
  • Your doctor will most likely prescribe pain medications and antibiotics to minimize your abdominal pain and fight infection. (
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of acute HEV infection diagnosed using molecular tools alone. (
  • The hypothesis made here is that venous lactatemia is a positive predictive factor of surgical emergencies in patients with acute abdominal pain. (
  • Abdominal surgical emergencies in the elderly. (
  • Basically it refers to pain that is felt within the abdomen which is the region of the body bounded by the ribs superiorly and the pelvis below. (
  • Abdominal pain in simple terms refers to pain that is felt in the abdomen (the anatomical region bounded by the ribs superiorly and the pelvis inferiorly). (
  • An abdominal strain is a tear or rupture of part of the abdominal muscles, usually at the point where it attaches to the pelvis. (
  • CT of the abdomen and pelvis using PO and IV contrast. (
  • They often form after you've had an operation inside your tummy (abdomen) or pelvis. (
  • This process can be triggered if the tissues inside your abdomen or pelvis are disrupted in some way. (
  • If you've been having ongoing pain in your abdomen or pelvis that doesn't seem to be getting any better, see your GP. (
  • They may examine you - using their hands to feel around your abdomen and pelvis, and a stethoscope to listen for sounds in your bowel. (
  • Duodenal diverticulitis remains underdiagnosed because, in the absence of pathognomonic data, it is usually mistaken for other intra-abdominal conditions (4). (
  • Diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in older patients. (
  • Immediate severe pain in the abdominal muscles is a sign of a rupture, and the pain will exacerbate when the muscles contract. (
  • Rupture into the peritoneum can precipitate an acute abdomen. (
  • Rupture or fistulization into the abdominal wall often presents with pus drainage from cutaneous fistulae. (
  • Sometimes, abdominal pain may occur due to a problem somewhere else in your body, such as your chest or pelvic area. (
  • The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs and diaphragm above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side. (
  • In cases of ischemic acute abdomen, abdominal radiography will show many air-fluid levels, as well as widespread edema . (
  • [] The patient returned to the ED 11 hours later reporting recurring abdominal pain . (
  • [] Patient 2, an 11-year-old boy, presented with abdominal pain , abdominal distention, and bloody mucoid stool. (
  • Here, we describe a cancer patient presenting with acute abdomen with stercoral diarrhea. (
  • This patient was treated with hydration and stool extraction, and the abdominal pain gradually ceased. (
  • The average interval the patient has to spent waiting for treatment at first presentation to hospital with an acute abdominal emergency is unknown in our center. (
  • An acute abdomen is indicated by severe constant abdominal pain, sometimes with colicky exacerbations during which the patient is obviously ill, distressed and often frightened. (
  • New topics addressed include management of intra-abdominal infections, management of the open abdomen, and hemodynamic monitoring of the critically ill surgical patient. (
  • After endoscopy the patient s abdomen was no longer dilated and she was free of pain. (
  • The typical presentation is a patient older than 30 years who is from an endemic region and reports with complaints of fevers, RUQ abdominal pain, and jaundice (Charcot triad). (
  • A 60-year-old male patient acutely presented with right-upper-quadrant and central-abdominal pain, elevated WCC (16,000), elevated GGT (247) but with normal bilirubin and amylase levels. (
  • A 38-year-old male with a two-week history of moderate epigastric abdominal pain and 38ªC fever. (
  • Exudative ascites with abdominal pain and fever is the classic presentation, representing 70% of the cases. (
  • [] A 59-year-old woman with left lower abdominal pain and fever was admitted to our hospital. (
  • Lower abdominal pain, fever, sometimes vaginal discharge. (
  • In December 2001, a 9-year-old boy was admitted to a hospital in Carabobo, Venezuela, after 3 days of fever (39°C-41°C), malaise, anorexia, headache, abdominal pain, and cutaneous tick-bite lesions. (
  • Gallstones can lead to pain in the upper right abdomen. (
  • Gallstones can block your bile duct and cause abdominal pain. (
  • In the last decade, an exponential increase in intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome reports appear in literature. (
  • The most severe form of IAH is called Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) and is a high mortality entity [ 1 ]. (
  • Sustained elevation of IAP is associated with multiple physiologic alterations (Intra-abdominal Hypertension) and may be life threatening when exceeds certain levels (Abdominal Compartment Syndrome). (
  • According to the consensus document by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS), updated on 2013, Intra-abdominal Hypertension is defined by a persistent or repeated elevation of IAP over 12 mmHg [ 3 ]. (
  • A sustained increase of IAP over 20 mmHg associated with a new organ failure is recognized as the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS). (
  • Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are acute hypersensitivity cutaneous reactions. (
  • Patients may also present with large, painless cutaneous masses in the lower abdominal region. (
  • Abdominal examination revealed distension of abdomen with abdominal wall edema without evidence of free fluid in abdomen. (
  • Enterocolitis (presents with sudden painful abdominal distension and bloody diarrhoea. (
  • Effects of morphine analgesia in the diagnostic accuracy in the emergency department in patients with abdominal pain. (
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of intravenous low dose ketamine to the industry standard of morphine in regards to controlling acute pain in the emergency department. (
  • Phase 1 is a randomized, controlled, double-blinded study comparing the use of low-dose ketamine (LDK) to morphine for acute pain control in emergency department patients. (
  • A convenience sample of subjects will be enrolled from a population of patients aged 18-50 who present to the Brooke Army Medical Center Emergency Department with acute abdominal pain, flank/lumbar back pain and/or pain to the extremities. (
  • Evidence exists that analgesics are underutilized, delayed, and insufficiently dosed for emergency department (ED) patients with acute abdominal pain. (
  • Six consecutive patients who presented with abdominal pain to our small emergency department in rural Newfoundland, and who were observed by the admitting nurse to be chewing bubble gum, agreed to participate. (
  • Anne is a 65-year-old female who presents to your Emergency Department for abdominal pain. (
  • An abdominal exam showed a flat, slightly hard abdomen with normal bowel sounds. (
  • Her abdomen was rigid with absent bowel sounds. (
  • In cases of ischemic acute abdomen, bowel sounds will be absent. (
  • Bowel sounds may be reduced as a reflection of the reflex bowel paralysis (i.e. ileus) that may accompany any abdominal catastrophe. (
  • Pneumonia of the lower areas of the lung can cause abdominal pain by irritating the diaphragm (the muscular structure separating the chest from the abdomen). (
  • Many different conditions can cause abdominal pain. (
  • Stress may cause abdominal pain. (
  • An 81-year-old male presented with acute left flank pain and macroscopic hematuria. (
  • Accompanies the acute Abdomen of the most violent, strong abdominal pain, colic occur fast or permanently. (
  • Moreover, there were repeated attacks of vague abdominal pain, colic and some attacks of diarrhoea. (
  • Primary mesenteric vein thromboses may also cause ischemic acute abdomen, usually precipitated by hypercoagulable states such as polycythemia vera . (
  • Chylous cyst, a rare abdominal mesenteric cyst, is difficult to clinically differentiate from enteric and dermoid mesenteric cysts [1] . (
  • In particular, patients with an acute abdomen must be referred for a surgical opinion. (
  • Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases. (
  • Acute gynaecological disorders. (
  • Abdominal pain can be confused with other gut disorders and will not relieve the pain in these instances. (
  • Malone, A.J. (1999) Unenhanced CT in the Evaluation of the Acute Abdomen. (