The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.
Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
An immune response with both cellular and humoral components, directed against an allogeneic transplant, whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.
Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant family of the order Theales.
The minimum acceptable patient care, based on statutes, court decisions, policies, or professional guidelines.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that are important plant pathogens.
The ratio of the density of a material to the density of some standard material, such as water or air, at a specified temperature.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Using certified ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS technology to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce HEALTHCARE DISPARITIES; engage patients and families in their health care; improve care coordination; improve population and public health; while maintaining privacy and security.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Transplantation between individuals of the same species. Usually refers to genetically disparate individuals in contradistinction to isogeneic transplantation for genetically identical individuals.
The transference of pancreatic islets within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Surgical anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, or the divided end of the transected pancreas, with the jejunum. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.

Long-term results of pancreas transplantation under tacrolius immunosuppression. (1/664)

BACKGROUND: The long-term safety and efficacy of tacrolimus in pancreas transplantation has not yet been demonstrated. The observation of prolonged pancreatic graft function under tacrolimus would indicate that any potential islet toxicity is short-lived and clinically insignificant. We report herein the results of pancreas transplantation in patients receiving primary tacrolimus immunosuppression for a minimum of 2 years. METHODS: From July 4, 1994 until April 18, 1996, 60 patients received either simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (n=55), pancreas transplant only (n=4), or pancreas after kidney transplantation (n=1). Baseline immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus and steroids without antilymphocyte induction. Azathioprine was used as a third agent in 51 patients and mycophenolate mofetil in 9. Rejection episodes within the first 6 months occurred in 48 (80%) patients and were treated with high-dose corticosteroids. Antilymphocyte antibody was required in eight (13%) patients with steroid-resistant rejection. RESULTS: With a mean follow-up of 35.1+/-5.9 months (range: 24.3-45.7 months), 6-month and 1-, 2-, and 33-year graft survival is 88%, 82%, 80%, and 80% (pancreas) and 98%, 96%, 93%, and 91% (kidney), respectively. Six-month and 1-, 2-, and 3-year patient survival is 100%, 98%, 98%, and 96.5%. Mean fasting glucose is 91.6+/-13.8 mg/dl, and mean glycosylated hemoglobin is 5.1+/-0.7% (normal range: 4.3-6.1%). Mean tacrolimus dose is 6.5+/-2.6 mg/day and mean prednisone dose 2.0+/-2.9 mg/day at follow-up. Complete steroid withdrawal was possible in 31 (65%) of the 48 patients with functioning pancreases. CONCLUSIONS: These data show for the first time that tacrolimus is a safe and effective long-term primary agent in pancreas transplantation and provides excellent long-term islet function without evidence of toxicity while permitting steroid withdrawal in the majority of patients.  (+info)

Pediatric renal transplantation under tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. (2/664)

BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus has been used as a primary immunosuppressive agent in adult and pediatric renal transplant recipients, with reasonable outcomes. Methods. Between December 14, 1989 and December 31, 1996, 82 pediatric renal transplantations alone were performed under tacrolimus-based immunosuppression without induction anti-lymphocyte antibody therapy. Patients undergoing concomitant or prior liver and/or intestinal transplantation were not included in the analysis. The mean recipient age was 10.6+/-5.2 years (range: 0.7-17.9). Eighteen (22%) cases were repeat transplantations, and 6 (7%) were in patients with panel-reactive antibody levels over 40%. Thirty-four (41%) cases were with living donors, and 48 (59%) were with cadaveric donors. The mean donor age was 27.3+/-14.6 years (range: 0.7-50), and the mean cold ischemia time in the cadaveric cases was 26.5+/-8.8 hr. The mean number of HLA matches and mismatches was 2.8+/-1.2 and 2.9+/-1.3; there were five (6%) O-Ag mismatches. The mean follow-up was 4.0+/-0.2 years. RESULTS: The 1- and 4-year actuarial patient survival was 99% and 94%. The 1- and 4-year actuarial graft survival was 98% and 84%. The mean serum creatinine was 1.1+/-0.5 mg/dl, and the corresponding calculated creatinine clearance was 88+/-25 ml/min/1.73 m2. A total of 66% of successfully transplanted patients were withdrawn from prednisone. In children who were withdrawn from steroids, the mean standard deviation height scores (Z-score) at the time of transplantation and at 1 and 4 years were -2.3+/-2.0, -1.7+/-1.0, and +0.36+/-1.5. Eighty-six percent of successfully transplanted patients were not taking anti-hypertensive medications. The incidence of acute rejection was 44%; between December 1989 and December 1993, it was 63%, and between January 1994 and December 1996, it was 23% (P=0.0003). The incidence of steroid-resistant rejection was 5%. The incidence of delayed graft function was 5%, and 2% of patients required dialysis within 1 week of transplantation. The incidence of cytomegalovirus was 13%; between December 1989 and December 1992, it was 17%, and between January 1993 and December 1996, it was 12%. The incidence of early Epstein-Barr virus-related posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) was 9%; between December 1989 and December 1992, it was 17%, and between January 1993 and December 1996, it was 4%. All of the early PTLD cases were treated successfully with temporary cessation of immunosuppression and institution of antiviral therapy, without patient or graft loss. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate the short- and medium-term efficacy of tacrolimus-based immunosuppression in pediatric renal transplant recipients, with reasonable patient and graft survival, routine achievement of steroid and anti-hypertensive medication withdrawal, gratifying increases in growth, and, with further experience, a decreasing incidence of both rejection and PTLD.  (+info)

Tolerability and efficacy of carvedilol in patients with New York Heart Association class IV heart failure. (3/664)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the tolerability and efficacy of carvedilol in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV symptoms. BACKGROUND: Carvedilol, a nonselective beta-adrenergic blocking drug with alpha-adrenergic blocking and antioxidant properties, has been shown to improve left ventricular function and clinical outcome in patients with mild to moderate chronic heart failure. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 230 patients with heart failure treated with carvedilol who were stratified according to baseline functional class: 63 patients were NYHA class IV and 167 were NYHA class I, II or III. Carvedilol was commenced at 3.125 mg b.i.d. and titrated to 25 mg b.i.d. as tolerated. Patients with class IV symptoms were older (p = 0.03), had lower left ventricular fractional shortening (p < 0.001), had lower six-min walk distance (p < 0.001) and were receiving more heart failure medications at baseline compared with less symptomatic patients. RESULTS: Nonfatal adverse events while taking carvedilol occurred more frequently in class IV patients (43% vs. 24%, p < 0.0001), and more often resulted in permanent withdrawal of the drug (25% vs. 13%, p < 0.01). Thirty-seven (59%) patients who were NYHA class IV at baseline had improved by one or more functional class at 3 months, 8 (13%) were unchanged and 18 (29%) had deteriorated or died. Among the less symptomatic group, 62 (37%) patients had improved their NYHA status at 3 months, 73 (44%) were unchanged and 32 (19%) had deteriorated or died. The differences in symptomatic outcome at three months between the two groups were statistically significant (p = 0.001, chi-square analysis). Both groups demonstrated similar significant improvements in left ventricular dimensions and systolic function. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with chronic NYHA class IV heart failure are more likely to develop adverse events during initiation and dose titration when compared with less symptomatic patients but are more likely to show symptomatic improvement in the long term. We conclude that carvedilol is a useful adjunctive therapy for patients with NYHA class IV heart failure; however, they require close observation during initiation and titration of the drug.  (+info)

The potential role of risk-equalization mechanisms in health insurance: the case of South Africa. (4/664)

International agencies such as the World Bank have widely advocated the use of health insurance as a way of improving health sector efficiency and equity in developing countries. However, in developing countries with well-established, multiple-player health insurance markets, such as South Africa, extension of insurance coverage is now inhibited by problems of moral hazard, and associated cost escalation and fragmentation of insurer risk-pools. Virtually no research has been done on the problem of risk selection in health insurance outside developed countries. This paper provides a brief overview of the problem of risk fragmentation as it has been studied in developed countries, and attempts to apply this to middle-income country settings, particularly that of South Africa. A number of possible remedial measures are discussed, with risk-equalization funds being given the most attention. An overview is given of the risk-equalization approach, common misconceptions regarding its working and the processes that might be required to assess its suitability in different national settings. Where there is widespread public support for social risk pooling in health care, and government is willing and able to assume a regulatory role to achieve this, risk-equalization approaches may achieve significant efficiency and equity gains without destroying the positive features of private health care financing, such as revenue generation, competition and free choice of insurer.  (+info)

Impact of prophylactic immediate posttransplant ganciclovir on development of transplant atherosclerosis: a post hoc analysis of a randomized, placebo-controlled study. (5/664)

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease occurs in an accelerated fashion in the donor heart after heart transplantation (TxCAD), but the cause is poorly understood. The risk of developing TxCAD is increased by cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and decreased by use of calcium blockers. Our group observed that prophylactic administration of ganciclovir early after heart transplantation inhibited CMV illness, and we now propose to determine whether this therapy also prevents TxCAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred forty-nine consecutive patients (131 men and 18 women aged 48+/-13 years) were randomized to receive either ganciclovir or placebo during the initial 28 days after heart transplantation. Immunosuppression consisted of muromonab-CD3 (OKT-3) prophylaxis and maintenance with cyclosporine, prednisone, and azathioprine. Mean follow-up time was 4.7+/-1.3 years. In a post hoc analysis of this trial designed to assess efficacy of ganciclovir for prevention of CMV disease, we compared the actuarial incidence of TxCAD, defined by annual angiography as the presence of any stenosis. Because calcium blockers have been shown to prevent TxCAD, we analyzed the results by stratifying patients according to use of calcium blockers. TxCAD could not be evaluated in 28 patients because of early death or limited follow-up. Among the evaluable patients, actuarial incidence of TxCAD at follow-up (mean, 4.7 years) in ganciclovir-treated patients (n=62) compared with placebo (n=59) was 43+/-8% versus 60+/-10% (P<0.1). By Cox multivariate analysis, independent predictors of TxCAD were donor age >40 years (relative risk, 2.7; CI, 1.3 to 5.5; P<0.01) and no ganciclovir (relative risk, 2.1; CI, 1.1 to 5.3; P=0.04). Stratification on the basis of calcium blocker use revealed differences in TxCAD incidence when ganciclovir and placebo were compared: no calcium blockers (n=53), 32+/-11% (n=28) for ganciclovir versus 62+/-16% (n=25) for placebo (P<0.03); calcium blockers (n=68), 50+/-14% (n=33) for ganciclovir versus 45+/-12% (n=35) for placebo (P=NS). CONCLUSIONS: TxCAD incidence appears to be lower in patients treated with ganciclovir who are not treated with calcium blockers. Given the limitations imposed by post hoc analysis, a randomized clinical trial is required to address this issue.  (+info)

Survival 12 years after randomization to streptokinase: the influence of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow at three to four weeks. (6/664)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the mortality benefit of intravenous streptokinase administered within 4 h of the onset of acute myocardial infarction is maintained at 12 years, and whether Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grades independently influence late survival. BACKGROUND: Treatment with reperfusion therapies and achievement of TIMI 3 flow are associated with increased short- and medium-term survival after infarction. Whether infarct artery flow independently influences survival more than five years after infarction is unknown. METHODS: The late survival of patients randomized to receive either streptokinase (1,500,000 IU over 30 to 60 min) or a matching placebo within 4 h of symptom onset in 1984-1986 was determined. Angiography was performed in surviving patients at three to four weeks, and TIMI flow grades were assessed blind to randomization and outcomes. The late vital status was determined in 99% of patients. RESULTS: Patients randomized to receive streptokinase (n = 107) had improved survival compared with those randomized to placebo (n = 112) at five years (84% vs. 70%; p = 0.023) and 12 years (66% vs. 51%; p = 0.022). At five years 94% of patients with TIMI grade 3 flow, 81% of those with TIMI grade 2 flow and 72% of those with TIMI grade 0-1 flow survived (p = 0.005). At 12 years 72% of patients with TIMI 3, 67% of those with TIMI 2 and 54% of those with TIMI 0-1 flow survived (p = 0.023). Multivariate analysis identified the ejection fraction (p = 0.014), exercise duration (p = 0.013) and TIMI 3 flow (p = 0.04 compared with TIMI 0-2 flow) as important factors for five-year survival. At 12 years multivariate predictors of late survival were the ejection fraction (p = 0.006), exercise duration (p = 0.003) and myocardial score (p = 0.013). The end-systolic volume index was similar to the ejection fraction as a predictor of survival at five and 12 years. CONCLUSIONS: The survival benefits of streptokinase persist for 12 years after infarction. TIMI flow at three to four weeks is an independent predictor of five-year survival.  (+info)

Long-term follow-up of patients with rectal cancer managed by local excision with and without adjuvant irradiation. (7/664)

OBJECTIVE: The long-term outcomes of patients undergoing local excision with or without pelvic irradiation were examined to define the role of adjuvant irradiation after local excision of T1 and T2 rectal cancers. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with T1 or T2 rectal cancers underwent local excision with or without adjuvant irradiation at Massachusetts General Hospital and Emory University Hospital between January 1966 and January 1997. Of these, 52 patients were treated by local excision alone and 47 patients by local excision plus adjuvant irradiation. Twenty-six of these 47 patients were treated by irradiation in combination with 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy. The outcomes of these groups were compared. RESULTS: The 5-year actuarial local control and recurrence-free survival rates were 72% and 66%, respectively, for the local excision alone group and 90% and 74%, respectively, for the adjuvant irradiation group. This improvement in outcome was evident despite the presence of a higher-risk patient population in the adjuvant irradiation group. Adverse pathologic features such as poorly differentiated histology and lymphatic or blood vessel invasion decreased local control and recurrence-free survival rates in the local excision only group. Adjuvant irradiation significantly improved 5-year outcomes in patients with high-risk pathologic features. Four cases of late local recurrence were seen at 64, 72, 86, and 91 months in the adjuvant irradiation group. CONCLUSIONS: The authors recommend adjuvant chemoradiation for all patients undergoing local excision for T2 tumors, and for T1 tumors with high-risk pathologic features. The four cases of late local failures beyond 5 years in the adjuvant irradiation group underscores the need for careful long-term follow-up in these patients.  (+info)

Local failure is responsible for the decrease in survival for patients with breast cancer treated with conservative surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. (8/664)

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of local failure (LF) in the survival of patients treated with lumpectomy and postoperative radiotherapy and to investigate whether LF is not only a marker for distant metastasis (DM) but also a cause. METHODS: Charts of patients treated with breast conservative surgery between 1969 and 1991 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 2,030 patients available for analysis. The median duration of follow-up was 6 years. A Cox regression multivariate analysis was performed using LF as a time-dependent covariate. RESULTS: Local control (LC) was 87% at 10 years. Local failure led to poorer survival at 10 years than local control (55% v 75%, P < .00). In a Cox model, local failure was a powerful predictor of mortality. The relative risk associated with LF was 3.6 for mortality and 5.1 for DM (P < .00). In patients with LF, the rate of DM peaked at 5 to 6 years, whereas it peaked at 2 years for patients with LC. The mean time between surgery and DM was 1,050 days for patients without LF and 1,650 days for patients with LF (P < .00). CONCLUSION: Our results show that local failure is associated with an increase in mortality. The difference in the time distribution of distant metastasis for LF and LC could imply distinct mechanisms of dissemination. Local failure should be considered not only as a marker of occult circulating distant metastases but also as a source for new distant metastases and subsequent mortality.  (+info)

Immunological contact with sperm, or material carried in sperm, is increased in anal, as contrasted with vaginal or oral, intercourse. On reason has to do with the physiological differences of the rectum, vagina, and upper gastrointestinal tract. Vaginal tissue differs markedly from rectal tissue. The vagina has thick, muscular walls covered by a fdeep layer of epithelial (skin-like) cells that are easily sloughed off and secrete a lubricating mucus to decrease the possibility of abrasion. Even if abrasion does occur, the capillaries that embedded in the vaginal tissue are far from the surface and difficult to reach. There are also very few lymphocytes directly in the vagina, most of them being located higher up, near the cervix. The rectal tissue presents an entirely different picture. The rectum is comprised of an extremely thin layer of tissue, densely entwined with capillaries. It lacks the thick layers of epithelium that protect the vagina and its ability to produce a protective mucus. ...
abstractNote = {Purpose: To assess the long-term outcome of conventional external beam radiation therapy in the management of clinically confined prostate cancer and to examine the proposition that radiation accelerates tumor growth in those who fail treatment. Methods and Materials: One thousand and forty-four men with T1-4NxM0 prostate cancer treated by conventional external beam radiation therapy at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1977 and 1991 were analyzed. Median follow-up was 49 months. Failure was defined as: two sequential rises in serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level; or a PSA , 1 ng/ml 2 or more years after radiation; or any clinical failure. Kaplan-Meier actuarial analyses were used to assess outcome. Results: At 10 years only 40% of the T1-2 group remained disease free. When subdivided by grade, the well-differentiated tumors (Gleason 1-2) exhibited a 53% actuarial 10-year disease-free survival, moderately differentiated (Gleason 3) 42%, and poorly differentiated ...
A: In terms of public policy, we really are focused on two different things. One would be access to care, so weve been heavily involved with the implementation of health reform in a variety of different initiatives right down to the level of helping craft part of the regulatory language, as well as the legislative language, that created the Affordable Care Act. So, for example, we worked on defining the essential health benefits the Secretary of Health and Human Services is working on. We did our own actuarial analysis of what it would mean to put certain benefits into the design. We did recommendations on regulatory language. ...
Extreme values modelling and estimation are an important challenge in various domains of application, such as environment, hydrology, finance, actuarial science, just to name a few. The restriction to the analysis of extreme values may be justified since the extreme part of a sample can be of a great importance. That is, it may exhibit a larger risk potential such as high concentration of air pollutants, flood, extreme claim sizes, price shocks in the four previous topics respectively. The statistical analysis of extreme may be spread out in many packages depending on the topic of application. In this task view, we present the packages from a methodological side. Applications of extreme value theory can be found in other task views: for financial and actuarial analysis in the Finance task view, for environmental analysis in the Environmetrics task view. General implementation of probability distributions is studied in the Distributions task view. The maintainers gratefully acknowledge E. ...
After a median follow-up of 4 years, the actuarial risk of leukemic relapse was considerably lower in the transplant group than in the group treated with consolidation chemotherapy (32% +/- 26% v 60% +/- 14%; P = .05). Treatment-related mortality, however, was much higher in the group treated with BMT (32% v 6%, P = .002). The actuarial disease-free survival at 5 years was not significantly different for the two groups (45% +/- 24% v 38% +/- 14%). Conclusions: ...
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Fifty-five consecutive patients with intermittent resting chest pain persisting more than 24 hours after hospitalization and accompanied by ECG changes representative of ischemia were operated urgently more than one year ago. Recent cases with shorter follow-up are excluded. Twenty-eight patients had single grafts, 23 had double grafts, three had triple grafts, and one a quadruple graft. There were three operative deaths (5%) and one sudden late death (2%). There were six early Mls and three late Mls. Follow-up ranges from 12 to 52 months (mean 24 months) with nine patients followed for four years. Actuarial analysis indicates a projected survival rate of 93% three years postoperative. Twenty-three survivors are Functional Class (FC) I, 19 are FC II, and eight are FC III. Functional class could not be determined in one survivor. Thirty patients had postoperative angiography one week to 32 months postop. 35/51 grafts were patent. Only three patients had no patent grafts. There were no significant ...
Hi, we have an employee looking to import Contacts using vCards from Outlook. She does have Dynamics 365 for Outlook app, but that doesnt seem to have any interaction (that I can find) in the Contacts section of Outlook.. I saw where this was previously asked here, but never answered. I have also seen it recommended to Categorize a Contact as Tracked to Dynamics 365, but this article specifically states that this category does not support Outlook Contacts.. Is there a way to easily add Contacts or vCards from Outlook? Specifically, in large quantities? Thank you very much for your time!. Matt ...
6 TEM micrograph of a moderately strong self-etch-adhesive. The actuarial risk of a grade 3 or 4 com- plication at 5 years was 3.
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[Second neoplasms after percutaneous radiotherapy]. Urologe A. 2016 Nov 14; Authors: Haidl F, Pfister D, Semrau R, Heidenreich A Abstract Radiation therapy represents an alternative treatment to radical prostatectomy in the management of clinically localized prostate cancer. Radiation-induced second neoplasms are defined by a latency period of at least 5 years, loca...
Life table analyses originated as a form of survival analysis in which survival times are grouped into intervals. Hazard or incidence rates are calculated for each interval. Intervals might be constructed by age, calendar time, duration of exposure, or level of exposure (for example, ppm). Rates for the cohort under observation might then be compared with external rates for some large (typically unexposed) population to obtain an estimate of the relative survival of the cohort compared with the external population.. The NIOSH Life Table Analysis System was created primarily to analyze cohorts defined by occupational exposures. It therefore requires input of a work history file in addition to a demographic and outcome file. LTAS constructs rates by age, sex, race (usually white/other-race), calendar time, and duration or level of exposure. LTAS then compares the observed rates for the cohort under study with comparison rates from a referent population; rates for several referent populations are ...
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Seconde Tumeur Primitive 0 questions Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause. ...
R-Mail for Outlook Express is a tool designed to undelete accidentally deleted Outlook Express e-mail messages and recover damaged *.dbx files where Outlook Express stores folders with email messages. The messages are recovered in the .
[113 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Sweden Peripheral Vascular Devices Market Outlook to 2022 report by GlobalData. Sweden Peripheral Vascular Devices Market Outlook to 2022 Summary GlobalData...
Kernel for Outlook Express to Notes is the most ideal way to migrate from Outlook Express platform to Lotus Notes. The utility is very much technically advanced and capable of performing flawless DBX to NSF conversion.
Life table analysis is a classic tool to analyze occurrences of an event through time. It is available in Excel using the XLSTAT add-on statistical software.
3+ GHZ Intel System, 1GB memory, using Win XP Pro with latest patches (except SP2) and Office 2000 Premium with the latest updates. When running Outlook (always launced, even overnight) and trying...
Surface Science market outlook: sizing, detailed analyses, forecasts, and discussion of segmentation by product, industry, function, and region.
The ShareFile Outlook Plug-in automatically detects and uploads attachments to your ShareFile account and provides the recipient with a link to the attachment in the body of the email.
This report is a one-page summary of our expectations for the Greenville-Spartanburg Economy looking forward from the end of 2018. It is one of a series of reports issued as a component of our Southeast U.S. Outlook Report (SEOR).
I have been tring to send an email that contains a photo, for the past 24hrs. it wont send. all I am able to see is cannot open this file, Outlook h... 440176
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Articles and essays about the modern world and its many difficulties, from a philosophical, political, and cultural point of view.
The Apost worm, which arrives with a message asking people to review a file, is unlikely to reach the same scale of SirCam and Magistr
After a wild year that saw the emergence of so-called super angels and a surge in valuations for seed-stage start-ups, we caught up with Michael Kim, who invests in seed-stage funds, to talk about what to expect in 2011.
Philipp S. Wild, Janine F. Felix, Arne Schillert, Alexander Teumer, Ming-Huei Chen, Maarten J.G. Leening, Uwe Völker, Vera Großmann, Jennifer A. Brody, Marguerite R. Irvin, Sanjiv J. Shah, Setia Pramana, Wolfgang Lieb, Reinhold Schmidt, Alice V. Stanton, Dörthe Malzahn, Albert Vernon Smith, Johan Sundström, Cosetta Minelli, Daniela Ruggiero, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Daniel Tiller, J. Gustav Smith, Claire Monnereau, Marco R. Di Tullio, Solomon K. Musani, Alanna C. Morrison, Tune H. Pers, Michael Morley, Marcus E. Kleber, AortaGen Consortium, Jayashri Aragam, Emelia J. Benjamin, Joshua C. Bis, Egbert Bisping, Ulrich Broeckel, CHARGE-Heart Failure Consortium, Susan Cheng, Jaap W. Deckers, Fabiola Del Greco M, Frank Edelmann, Myriam Fornage, Lude Franke, Nele Friedrich, Tamara B. Harris, Edith Hofer, Albert Hofman, Jie Huang, Alun D. Hughes, Mika Kähönen, KNHI investigators, Jochen Kruppa, Karl J. Lackner, Lars Lannfelt, Rafael Laskowski, Lenore J. Launer, Margrét Leosdottir, Honghuang Lin, ...
Background: Upper airway compromise due to tracheobronchial stenosis commonly occurs in patients with Wegeners granulomatosis (WG). There is at present no consensus on the optimal management of this life threatening condition. Objective: To assess the results of laryngo-tracheobronchoscopy, intralesional steroid therapy, laser surgery and dilatation in managing obstructive tracheobronchial WG. Methods: Records of 18 previously untreated stridulous patients with obstructive tracheobronchial WG, treated between 2004 and 2006, were prospectively recorded on an airway database and retrospectively reviewed. Information about patient and lesion characteristics and treatment details were recorded. Treatment progress was illustrated using a timeline plot, and intervention-free intervals were calculated with actuarial analysis. Results: There were nine males and the average age at presentation was 40 (16) years (range 13-74). There were 13 patients with tracheal and five with tracheal and bronchial ...
Perhaps the uncertainty of success of mechanical ventilation in SMA-type I compels physicians to consider it unreasonable. Certainly, some children with SMA suffer from a very aggressive form of the disease, developing distress from progressive kyphoscoliosis and multiple aspiration pneumonias not responsive to mechanical ventilation.33 However, many do not. While the long term outcome of patients with SMA-type I who receive respiratory support is indeed uncertain, uncertainty in itself is not often a compelling reason to withhold therapy. Consider the child born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, a serious heart defect that requires a series of three major corrective procedures and still holds a five year actuarial survival rate of only 54-70%.34-37 Many families choose this course of treatment with the knowledge that their child will endure discomfort of the surgical procedures; risk complications of infection, neurological sequela, and respiratory distress; possibly succumb to the ...
Angie I will check out the version of Outlook at home over the weekend and get back to you on Monday. By the way, if you press shift tab twice then press enter, you bing up the names list that way too. Cheers Chris -----Original Message----- From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]]On Behalf Of Angie Sent: 27 October 2006 13:15 To: [email protected] Subject: RE: Outlook or Outlook express? Yes Chris, It does say shift F1 but when I hit it I get nothing. After the auto complete box I have When sending a message add properties to attachments to enable...... Angie At 07:46 AM 10/27/2006, you ,Angie ,Is shift F1 listed as the first item when you do Insert w when in ,Outlook? It is described as View screen tips from Outlook. , , ,The last 3 check boxes in advanced email options are: ,Wend sending a message, allow comma as an address separator ,When sending a message, automatic name checking ,When sending a message, delete meeting request from inbox when responding , ,Chris , ...
[33 Pages Report] Check for Discount on France Histology And Cytology Market Outlook to 2024 report by GlobalData. France Histology And Cytology Market Outlook to 2024 Summary GlobalData ...
Canada Neonatal Monitors Market Outlook to 2025 Summary GlobalDatas new report, Canada Neonatal Monitors Market Outlook to ...
Russia Orthobiologics Procedures Outlook to 2025SummaryGlobalDatas new report, Russia Orthobiologics Procedures Outlook to 2025, provides key procedures data ...
Overview The Zoom for Outlook add-in is designed to manage scheduling within the Outlook web and desktop apps. The add-in can be deployed...
Today I will continue with the topic of managing your Inbox and fighting spam. I am going to describe a strategy similar to what I discussed in yesterdays post, but aimed at those of you who use an application to access your Inbox(es) -- Outlook, Outlook Express, and Thunderbird. Tip of the day: Put your spam filters…
The March 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDAs World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
In conjunction with the Institute for Fiscal Studies, we set out three scenarios for the outlook for growth in the U.K. over the next five years and describe what in turn these might mean for government borrowing and government debt.
Two engineer from the Switzerland branch of Microsoft Ronnie Saurenmann and Ruihua Jin developed an Outlook clone using WPF, XAML, Expression Blend etc.
Deloittes Asmundson: Thoughts on VoIP, Michael Powell, and The Outlook for 2005 I recently had the chance to chat with Philip Asmundson, who was recently promoted
I installed a new server 2008 R2 with Exchange 2010. I have a valid SSL certificate on gateway.company.com and i cannot connect with external outlook clients. What is wrong? And do i need to enable...
This study covers the latent demand outlook for processed cheese and related products across the states, union territories, and cities of India. Latent demand (in ...
when I receive an email with a attachment and I click on it outlook stalls, crash? does not responed to any thing. I have to reboot and s...
Knaack Storagemasters rolling work benches are offered in eight models in a range of sizes and load capacities. Models 45, 47, 49 and 63 (mechanics tool chest) have 6-in. READ MORE ...
Knaack Storagemasters rolling work benches are offered in eight models in a range of sizes and load capacities. Models 45, 47, 49 and 63 (mechanics tool chest) have 6-in. READ MORE ...
I am running Windows XP Professional (2600) I recently decided to install a version of MS Office as I did not yet have any version installed. I seem...
It seems every day, I have a different outlook. Yesterday, determined to quit using. Today, thinking its really not all that bad, Im responsible, whats the problem? And today is an...
Benjamin, Bernard (1993). The analysis of mortality and other actuarial statistics. England, Institute of Actuaries: Oxford. ... Actuarial statistics: the statistics used by actuaries to calculate liabilities, evaluate risks and plan the financial course ... This can be from issues of design of experiments, to analysis of drug trials, to issues of commercialization of a medicine. ... Odds ratio Relative risk reduction Relative risk Relative survival Minimal clinically important difference Survival analysis ...
She also studied probability, numerical analysis, least squares, and actuarial science. Faced with a choice between becoming a ... specializing in data analysis and quality control. She was promoted to Department Chief in 1966, becoming the first woman to ...
"Actuarial analysis of variables associated with rupture of small abdominal aortic aneurysms". Surgery. 98 (3): 472-83. PMID ... Model analysis allows these risky aneurysms to be identified and treated. In the past, aneurysms were modeled as rigid spheres ... Lv X, Yang H, Liu P, Li Y (February 2016). "Flow-diverter devices in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms: A meta-analysis ... Some researchers treat blood as a Newtonian fluid instead, as it sometimes has negligible effects to the analysis in large ...
"A synthesis of pure demand analysis II". Skandinavisk Aktuarietidskrift [Scandinavian Actuarial Journal]. 26. 1943b. pp. 220- ... "A synthesis of pure demand analysis III". Skandinavisk Aktuarietidskrift [Scandinavian Actuarial Journal]. 27. 1944. pp. 69-120 ... His book Demand Analysis (1952) brought together his work on the theory of demand, the theory of stochastic processes, the ... Demand Analysis: A Study in Econometrics, with Lars Juréen. 1954. "Causality and Econometrics," Econometrica, 22(2), p p. 162- ...
This analysis was published by Ivar Ekeland in 1974 to explain the apparent convexity of separable problems with many summands ... Scandinavian Actuarial Journal]. 26: 220-263. doi:10.1080/03461238.1943.10404737. MR 0011939. Wold & Juréen (1953, p. 146): ... 129-148)". Demand analysis: A study in econometrics. Wiley publications in statistics. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp. ... Ekeland's analysis explained the success of methods of convex minimization on large and separable problems, despite the non- ...
"A synthesis of pure demand analysis II". Skandinavisk Aktuarietidskrift [Scandinavian Actuarial Journal]. 26. pp. 220-263. MR ... Non-convex economies are studied with nonsmooth analysis, which is a generalization of convex analysis. If a preference set is ... Economists have increasingly studied non-convex sets with nonsmooth analysis, which generalizes convex analysis. Convex ... of global analysis (differential topology) and [of] convex analysis." According to Brown (1995, p. 1966) harvtxt error: no ...
EMB Consultancy of Epsom, Surrey for Actuarial services, risk analysis and financial modelling. Fairbanks Environmental Ltd of ...
... actuarial mathematician in the U.S. Bureau of the Census (1940-46); chief of the Actuarial Analysis section of the National ... He proposed his method particularly in the context of the 1930s controversy on the proper analysis of tests in extrasensory ... Milton, J., & Wiseman, R. (1999). A meta-analysis of mass-media tests of extrasensory perception. British Journal of Psychology ... Thomas Nall Eden Greville (December 27, 1910 - 1998) was an American mathematician, specializing in statistical analysis, ...
Insurers manage risk primarily by setting loss reserves based on the Law of large numbers and actuarial analysis. Dealers in ... Both analyses make simplifying assumptions (such as the assumption that there is zero cost of unwinding the fixed leg of the ... Daily, intraday and real time data is available from S&P Capital IQ through their acquisition of Credit Market Analysis in 2012 ... "S&P Capital IQ Announces Acquisition of Credit Market Analysis Limited". S&P Capital IQ. Retrieved July 2, 2012. "The Trade ...
GAD provides actuarial and specialist analysis, advice and assurance in: insurance and investment data, modelling and quality ... The department is part of the analysis function in government responsible for providing actuarial advice to public sector ... The Government Actuary's Department (GAD) provides actuarial solutions including risk analysis, modelling and advice to support ... By the 1980s GAD had grown into a significant actuarial consultancy within government and in 1989 the financing of GAD through ...
Insurers use actuarial science to determine the rates, which involves statistical analysis of the various characteristics of ... Analysis of Personal Auto Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Stacking and Trigger Provisions. "Buying or Leasing a Car: What you ...
Insurance companies use numerical programs for actuarial analysis. The rest of this section outlines several important themes ... The overall goal of the field of numerical analysis is the design and analysis of techniques to give approximate but accurate ... Analysis of algorithms Computational science Interval arithmetic List of numerical analysis topics Local linearization method ... for the problems of mathematical analysis (as distinguished from discrete mathematics). Numerical analysis naturally finds ...
Actuarial analysis and modeling to support the development of policy alternatives relating to ACA provisions regarding coverage ... The Division of Data and Technical Analysis is responsible for the development, analysis, and coordination of research, ... The division provides support for policy development through data analysis, modeling, cost and impact analyses, and the ... The Division's responsibilities include long-range planning, budget and economic analysis, program analysis, review of ...
Left-truncated data are common in actuarial work for life insurance and pensions. Left-censored data can occur when a person's ... duration analysis or duration modelling in economics, and event history analysis in sociology. Survival analysis attempts to ... The Cox PH analysis gives the results in the box. The p-value for all three overall tests (likelihood, Wald, and score) are ... Survival analysis is used in several ways: To describe the survival times of members of a group Life tables Kaplan-Meier curves ...
... is an Indian statistician interested in time series analysis and in applications of statistics to actuarial ...
... actuarial analysis plays a key role in the outcome Double Indemnity (1944) - a Billy Wilder film, with Fred MacMurray and ... played by Ethan Hawke) mentions at a baseball game that he recently passed his second actuarial exam, and later discusses his ... Warren's Profession - "I shall set up in chambers in the City and work at actuarial calculations and conveyancing," says Vivie ... is an actuarial program Zootopia (also released as Zootropolis) (2016) - the character Jaguar is a young tiger that aspires to ...
... business model whereby risk and premiums are determined by engineering analysis as opposed to historically based actuarial ... Retrieved 2007-06-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)- RIMS: FM Global Finds Engineering Study Superior to Actuarial ... The group later began performing appraisals and adjustments, loss analysis and research activities associated with preventing ...
Integrating functional analysis and actuarial measures". Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim: Treatment and ... The Behavior Analysis Certification Board (BACB) defines behavior analysis as: The field of behavior analysis grew out of the ... "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis". Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. doi:10.1002/(ISSN)1938-3703. "Behavior Analysis in ... experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery ...
2004, May) Introduction to Dynamic Financial Analysis. Retrieved October 23, 2009, from Casualty Actuarial Society website: ... Without effective analysis and presentation, managers can hardly make any sense out of the vast amount of data that DFA ... Dynamic financial analysis (DFA) is a simulation approach that looks at an insurance enterprise's risks holistically as opposed ... Support the DFA analysis with other available information within the company. Kaufmann, Roger. Andeas Gadmer. Ralf Klett. ( ...
His other scientific interests included: mathematical physics, condensed matter physics, mathematical analysis, differential ... equations, actuarial mathematics, and mathematics education with a focus on mathematical terminology. He worked on theoretical ...
TAS Tillinghast Actuarial Software: a software package layer over the MoSes platform for analysis and reporting of life and ... Actuarial consulting services include funding/pricing analysis, loss reserve and financial statement accruals, retention ... Tillinghast was the world's largest actuarial practice focused on insurance and a unit of Towers Perrin specializing in risk ... Tillinghast is the leading global actuarial consulting firm and the largest consulting employer of qualified casualty actuaries ...
... and provides actuarial and mathematical analyses and computations as required for Treasury market financing, the Federal ... and investment activities and performs actuarial and mathematical analyses and computations as required, for Treasury market ... Led by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Government Financing Policy, OGFP provides analyses of agency and legislative ... led by the Director of the Office of Debt Management The ODM is responsible for providing advice and analysis on matters ...
Fields of application include: prediction, systems theory, regression analysis (Interval Predictor Models in particular), ... Actuarial science, optimal control, financial mathematics, machine learning, decision making, supply chain, and management. ... a deep theoretical analysis has been established which shows that the probability that a new constraint is not satisfied ...
Actuarial assessment programs are based on statistical or actuarial prediction (e.g., statistical analyses, linear regression ... The empirically based programs, or actuarial assessment programs, use statistical analyses to interpret the data, while the ... Currently, CBTI programs fall into one of two categories: actuarial assessment programs or automated assessment programs. ...
Applications of Tweedie distributions include: actuarial studies assay analysis survival analysis ecology analysis of alcohol ... Actuarial applications of generalized linear models. In Statistics in Finance, D. J. Hand and S. D. Jacka (eds), Arnold, London ... Regression analysis of quantity data with exact zeros. Proceedings of the Second Australia-Japan Workshop on Stochastic Models ... Casualty Actuarial Forum, Winter 2000. Smyth, G.K.; Jørgensen, B. (2002). "Fitting Tweedie's compound Poisson model to ...
... based on independent actuarial analysis, that the full implementation of these adjustments could mean total required ... Independent analyses undertaken by University of Warwick economist Dennis Leech and UCL academic Sean Wallis argued that UUK ... USS's analyses showed that, assuming the most likely circumstances rather than the most challenging circumstances (technically ... The group will produce a report of the analysis and findings. For workload and mental health, trade union/employer work to ...
... efforts at actuarial analysis are not taken to the same extent as found with that needed to support insurance decisions. ... For maintainable items, those wear-out items that are determined by logistical analysis to be provisioned for sparing and ... service life as part of business policy involves using tools and calculations from maintainability and reliability analysis. ...
... actuarial analysis MeSH G03.850.520.830.150 - analysis of variance MeSH G03.850.520.830.150.500 - multivariate analysis MeSH ... discriminant analysis MeSH G03.850.520.830.400 - factor analysis, statistical MeSH G03.850.520.830.475 - matched-pair analysis ... matched-pair analysis MeSH G03.850.520.445.500 - meta-analysis MeSH G03.850.520.445.700 - random allocation MeSH G03.850. ... regression analysis MeSH G03.850.520.830.750.400 - least-squares analysis MeSH G03.850.520.830.750.425 - linear models MeSH ...
... actuarial analysis MeSH N05.715.360.750.125 - analysis of variance MeSH N05.715.360.750.125.500 - multivariate analysis MeSH ... discriminant analysis MeSH N05.715.360.750.350 - statistical factor analysis MeSH N05.715.360.750.500 - matched-pair analysis ... regression analysis MeSH N05.715.360.750.695.440 - least-squares analysis MeSH N05.715.360.750.695.460 - linear models MeSH ... matched-pair analysis MeSH N05.715.360.780.515 - meta-analysis MeSH N05.715.360.780.675 - random allocation MeSH N05.715. ...
Actuarial Science Market Analysis & Corporate Finance Quantitative Finance Quantitative Methods & Social Sciences Forecasting ... economic analysis and research (in economics and statistics). About 10% of the recent alumni work in the public sector, the ... economic analysis 4% consulting 1% audit Since the ENSAE was founded, more than 5,000 statisticians economists, machine ... the National School for Statistics and Analysis Areas information (ENSAI, relocated to Rennes). The "administrateurs" training ...
"State Medicaid Expansions and Mortality, Revisited: A Cost-Benefit Analysis" (PDF). American Journal of Health Economics. 3 (3 ... "2010 Actuarial Report on the Financial Outlook for Medicaid" (PDF). www.cms.gov ...
This ensures that subsequent user errors cannot inadvertently perform meaningless analyses (for example correlation analysis ... Mosteller, Frederick (1977). Data analysis and regression : a second course in statistics. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Pub. ... Cliff, N. (1996). Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1333-0 ... Statistical analysis software such as SPSS requires the user to select the appropriate measurement class for each variable. ...
Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance. Notes[edit]. *^ a b Mann, Henry B.; Whitney, Donald R. (1947). "On a Test of ... Zar, Jerrold H. (1998). Biostatistical Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International, INC. p. 147. ISBN 0-13-082390-2.. ... A thorough analysis of the statistic, which included a recurrence allowing the computation of tail probabilities for arbitrary ... Grissom RJ (1994). "Statistical analysis of ordinal categorical status after therapies". Journal of Consulting and Clinical ...
In terms of numerical analysis, isotonic regression involves finding a weighted least-squares fit x. ∈. R. n. {\displaystyle x\ ...
He also formulated the theory of Hilbert spaces, one of the foundations of functional analysis. Hilbert is known as one of the ... for his pioneering work on actuarial tables.[360][361] ... She was a pioneer in the genetic analysis of bacteriophages and ... He worked on problems in combinatorics, graph theory, number theory, classical analysis, approximation theory, set theory, and ... "Sam Karlin, mathematician who improved DNA analysis, dies". Stanford Report. January 16, 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2012. Karlin ...
For generalized functions in mathematical analysis, see Distribution (mathematics). For continuous variation in biology, see ...
A systematic review and meta-analysis". Annals of Surgery. 254 (6): 882-93. PMID 22064622. doi:10.1097/SLA.0b013e31823ac299.. ... complete surgical resection is associated with an actuarial five-year survival rate of 18% to 24%." ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet. 380 (9859): 2095-128. PMID 23245604. doi:10.1016/ ... an analysis from the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (Panc4)". Annals of Oncology. 23 (7): 1880-8. PMID ...
James G. Webster, Patricia F. Phalen, Lawrence W. Lichty; Ratings Analysis: The Theory and Practice of Audience Research ... Saris, W. E. and Gallhofer, I. N. (2014). Design, evaluation and analysis of questionnaires for survey research. Second Edition ...
Halley's tables and analysis, published in 1693, are considered to be the first true actuarial tables, and thus the foundation ... The precise record keeping of births and deaths by the city led to the use of their data for analysis of mortality, first by ... of modern actuarial science. During the Counter-Reformation, the intellectual life of the city flourished, as the Protestant ...
In the 19th century, statistical analytical methods were mainly applied in biological data analysis and it was customary for ... The portmanteau test in time-series analysis, testing for the presence of autocorrelation ... and proposed a method of statistical analysis consisting of using the Pearson distribution to model the observation and ...
Hinkelmann, Klaus and Kempthorne, Oscar (2005). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume 2: Advanced Assignment Experimental ... Caliński, Tadeusz & Kageyama, Sanpei (2000). Block designs: A Randomization approach, Volume I: Analysis. Lecture Notes in ... Hinkelmann, Klaus and Kempthorne, Oscar (2008). Design and Analysis of Experiments. I and II (Second ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0- ... Hinkelmann, Klaus and Kempthorne, Oscar (2008). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume I: Introduction to Experimental ...
Rice, John A. (2006). Mathematical Statistics and Data Analysis (3rd ed.). Duxbury Advanced.. [ISBN missing] ... One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) generalizes the two-sample t-test when the data belong to more than two groups. ...
"Data: Data Analysis, Probability and Statistics, and Graphing". archon.educ.kent.edu. Retrieved 28 May 2017.. ... The insurance industry and markets use actuarial science to determine pricing and make trading decisions. Governments apply ... Al-Kindi (801-873) made the earliest known use of statistical inference in his work on cryptanalysis and frequency analysis. An ... Gao, J.Z.; Fong, D.; Liu, X. (April 2011). "Mathematical analyses of casino rebate systems for VIP gambling". International ...
SEM includes confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis, partial least squares path modeling, and latent growth modeling.[2] ... such as applied in the so-called PLS path analysis packages which estimate with OLS; (2) covariance analysis algorithms ... Loehlin, J. C. (2004). Latent Variable Models: An Introduction to Factor, Path, and Structural Equation Analysis. Psychology ... Bartholomew, D. J., and Knott, M. (1999) Latent Variable Models and Factor Analysis Kendall's Library of Statistics, vol. 7, ...
Pesaran, M. H.; Shin, Y.; Smith, R. J. (2001). "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships". Journal of ... Bai, Jushan; Perron, Pierre (January 2003). "Computation and analysis of multiple structural change models". Journal of Applied ... Greene, William (2012). "Section 6.4: Modeling and testing for a structural break". Econometric Analysis (7th ed.). Pearson ...
Analysis of experiment design is built on the foundation of the analysis of variance, a collection of models that partition the ... a b Herman Chernoff, Sequential Analysis and Optimal Design, SIAM Monograph, 1972. ... Johnson, N.L. (1961). "Sequential analysis: a survey." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. Vol. 124 (3), 372- ... Montgomery, Douglas (2013). Design and analysis of experiments (8th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN ...
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. 7 (1): 6. doi:10.1111/j.1530-2415.2007.00119.x.. ... Risk-assessment-based systems, which employ actuarial risk assessment instruments and in some cases clinical assessments, ... "Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis" (PDF). National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. p. 15. Retrieved October 25, ... An Empirical Analysis of Sex Offense Recidivism". Criminal Justice and Behavior. 37 (5): 482-502. doi:10.1177/0093854810363549. ...
"Analysis of Individual Health Coverage In Massachusetts Before and After the July 1, 2007 Merger of the Small Group and ... Eventually the state's non-partisan insurance board ruled that the government did not have the actuarial data or right to ... Other analysis concluded that preventable ED visits were reduced 5-8% for non-urgent or primary care ED visits relative to ... "The Effect of Insurance on Emergency Room Visits: An Analysis of the 2006 Massachusetts Health Reform)" (PDF). Retrieved 11 ...
These are high on the hierarchy of evidence; only a meta analysis of several well designed RCTs is considered more reliable.[16 ... Another blinding scheme is used in B meson analyses in experiments like BaBar and CDF; here, the crucial experimental parameter ... This assumes that appraisal of efficacy and harm, as well as requests for special analyses, may be biased if group identity is ... One example of a blind analysis occurs in neutrino experiments, like the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, where the experimenters ...
Typical risk analysis and evaluation techniques adopted by the medical device industry include hazard analysis, fault tree ... actuarial societies, and ISO standards.[2][3] Methods, definitions and goals vary widely according to whether the risk ... analysis (FTA), failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), hazard and operability study (HAZOP), and risk traceability analysis ... FTA analysis requires diagramming software. FMEA analysis can be done using a spreadsheet program. There are also integrated ...
... process proposed by Nicholas Humphrey in which actuarial assessment of fitness and economic-type cost-benefit analysis ... Evolution, according to Nicholas Humphrey, has selected an internal health management system that uses cost benefit analysis ... The welfare of social animals (including humans) depends upon other individuals (social buffering). The actuarial assessments ... when faced with an infection is tricked into making a mistaken cost benefit analysis using false information. The effect of ...
In epidemiology and actuarial science, the term "morbidity rate" can refer to either the incidence rate, or the prevalence of a ... Classical classification of human disease derives from observational correlation between pathological analysis and clinical ... Morbidity rates are used in actuarial professions, such as health insurance, life insurance and long-term care insurance, to ... data collection and analysis including the development of statistical models to test hypotheses and the documentation of ...
Exploratory data analysis[edit]. Main article: Exploratory data analysis. Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is an approach to ... Actuarial science (assesses risk in the insurance and finance industries). *Applied information economics ... Epidemiology (statistical analysis of disease). *Geography and geographic information systems, specifically in spatial analysis ... Mathematical techniques used for this include mathematical analysis, linear algebra, stochastic analysis, differential ...
This is an important technique for all types of time series analysis, especially for seasonal adjustment.[2] It seeks to ... In policy analysis, forecasting future production of biofuels is key data for making better decisions, and statistical time ... The theory of time series analysis makes use of the idea of decomposing a times series into deterministic and non-deterministic ...
Berger, James O. (1985). Statistical decision theory and Bayesian Analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387- ...
Le Roux; Brigitte and Henry Rouanet (2004). Geometric Data Analysis, From Correspondence Analysis to Structured Data Analysis. ... Factor analysis is similar to principal component analysis, in that factor analysis also involves linear combinations of ... Correspondence analysis[edit]. Correspondence analysis (CA) was developed by Jean-Paul Benzécri[45] and is conceptually similar ... Factor analysis[edit]. Principal component analysis creates variables that are linear combinations of the original variables. ...
Centre of Excellence for Biosecurity Risk Analysis (CEBRA) - within the School of Biosciences ... and Actuarial Students' Society.[184] The Environments and Design faculty offer clubs and societies including Students of ... and Big Data Analysis Club.[187] Melbourne Law School supports a number of student clubs and societies that provide services ...
R. A. Sahner, K. S. Trivedi and A. Puliafito, Performance and reliability analysis of computer systems: an example-based ... Markov chain models have been used in advanced baseball analysis since 1960, although their use is still rare. Each half-inning ... Hamilton, James (1989). "A new approach to the economic analysis of nonstationary time series and the business cycle". ... Techniques to Understand Computer Simulations: Markov Chain Analysis. *Markov Chains chapter in American Mathematical Society's ...
In addition, he applied these theories to gambling problems and actuarial tables. ... resolution by analysis.]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (in Latin). 25 (309): 2368-2371. Archived ... Analysis and analytic reasoning: the "nephews" of Decartes: proceedings of the 11th inter-IREM colloquium on epistemology and ...
Lohr, Sharon L. Sampling: Design and analysis.. *^ Särndal, Carl-Erik, and Swensson, Bengt, and Wretman, Jan. Model Assisted ... Lohr, Sharon L. Sampling: Design and Analysis.. *. Särndal, Carl-Erik, and Swensson, Bengt, and Wretman, Jan. Model Assisted ... Chambers, R L, and Skinner, C J (editors) (2003), Analysis of Survey Data, Wiley, ISBN 0-471-89987-9 ... Korn, E.L., and Graubard, B.I. (1999) Analysis of Health Surveys, Wiley, ISBN 0-471-13773-1 ...
Aim To characterize the in-hospital mortality and the actuarial survival of surgical and non-surgical therapy regimen in the ... The actuarial survival of the two groups was determined with the Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Univariate analysis and ... The actuarial survival analysis of the surgical and non-surgical therapy regimen for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary ... For the proximal type of CTEPH, the actuarial survival at 10 and 15 years of the surgical group and non-surgical group were ...
A Report on the Actuarial, Marketing, and Legal Analyses of the CLASS Program * U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ... A Report on the Actuarial, Marketing, and Legal Analyses of the CLASS Program 10/14/2011 ...
Medical utilization and cost impact of significantly reducing proton pump inhibitor coverage: An actuarial analysis. ... Milliman named actuarial firm winner by this years U.S. Captive Review Awards ...
Insights for Payers-RMS Treatment Considerations and Real-World Evidence Based on a Milliman Actuarial Analysis. ... as reported in a 2016 Milliman commercial claims data analysis. ... AMCP Letters, Statements & Analysis. *Medicare Fraud, Waste & ...
An analysis to identify the annual rate and cost of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM ... Cardiovascular event incidence and cost in type 2 diabetes: A commercial and Medicare claim based actuarial analysis. ... This analysis identifies the annual rate and cost of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM ...
Efficient bootstrap in life annuity actuarial analysis. Valeria DAmato 1 , Emilia Di Lorenzo 2 , Steven Haberman 3 , Maria ... The Poisson log-bilinear Lee Carter model:Efficient bootstrap in life annuity actuarial analysis. Valeria DAmato1, Emilia Di ... The Poisson log-bilinear Lee Carter model: Efficient bootstrap in life annuity actuarial analysis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation ... The Poisson log-bilinear Lee Carter model: Efficient bootstrap in life annuity actuarial analysis. Valeria DAmato 1 , Emilia ...
project entitled Analysis of Occupational Cohort Data Using Exposure as a Continuous Time-dependent Variable on 3 August 2005 ... Department of Statistics & Actuarial Science. Simon Fraser University. Room SC K10545. 8888 University Drive. Burnaby, B.C.. ... A main shortfall of such analyses is a heavy dependence on the choice of these exposure categories, as certain choices may mask ... Home / Research / Graduate Theses / Abstracts / Analysis of Occupational Cohort Data Using Exposure as a Continuous Time- ...
Im teaching myself survival analysis with free resources on the web. Im quite confident that Im correct, but I just want to ... Survival analysis takes it into account automatically. You just have to specify how long the individual has been followed (i.e ... I have a very large dataset (in the 100s of thousands) so I am using the actuarial method. My syntax is as follows. proc ... Hence the need for survival analysis. Thank you so much in advance for your help! Also, please let me know if you require any ...
This type of analysis is useful for comparing the risk involved with different risk retention and transfer options, such as ... A confidence level analysis takes this one step further by quantifying the variance around the point estimate and the ... Uses and Limitations of a Confidence Level Analysis. by Lori Ussery , Jul 29, 2020 , Analytical Issues , 0 comments ... It is important for the actuary to understand the intended use of the analysis, in order to determine any items which may have ...
Survival analysis: Life table (actuarial method) vs Kaplan-Meier estimation. Ask Question ... I had a couple of exercises about building a table for survival analysis under two different hypothesis: actuarial method and ... From these tables it seems that in actuarial method, we compute the survival at the beginning of the interval, whereas in the ... The only differences I know between this two approaches are the length of the intervals (given in actuarial method and " ...
The Aon/AHCA 2017 Long Term Care General Liability and Professional Liability Actuarial Analysis, published on November 14, ... Now in its 15th edition, the Long Term Care Actuarial Analysis provides estimates of loss rates, or the cost of liability to ... The Aon/AHCA 2017 Long Term Care General Liability and Professional Liability Actuarial Analysis reports increasing liability ... illustrating results from the 2017 Aon/AHCA Long Term Care General Liability and Professional Liability Actuarial Analysis are ...
Hey, I have written a short article on Regression Analysis, in which I have explained what regression analysis is and how to ...
... View/. Open. UngoloF_0519_macs.pdf (69.16Mb) ... the analysis, adaptation and the development of fitting algorithms for tackling the inferential task; and iii) the analysis of ... A major problem faced in these type of analysis is given by the case, not uncommon, that pension scheme datasets provide ... In this work we develop techniques, based on missing data statistics, which aim at carrying out mortality analysis by making ...
Kennell has provided actuarial support to DoD as the Department has explored a wide range of options to update the cost-sharing ... Kennells actuarial work has included the development of premiums for voluntary DoD health programs, evaluation of the cost ... A hallmark of Kennells actuarial approach is the ability to explain highly technical calculations and to enable clients to ... Kennell and Associates provides expert actuarial consulting to Department of Defense (DoD) and other clients. ...
This course covers pension actuarial funding methods and the use of life contingencies. Included are analyses of actuarial ... MET AT 602: Laboratory for Actuarial and Financial Data Analysis II This course covers the usage of spreadsheet and database ... MET AT 981: Internship in Actuarial Science I The course is offered to students who seek practical applications of actuarial ... MET AT 751: Individual Insurance Applications of Actuarial Principles This course covers the application of basic actuarial ...
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Actuarial Books at Amazon. Actuarial Books. Archives. Archives. Select Month. September 2021 (136). August 2021 (57). July 2021 ... Milliman analysis: Corporate pension funded ratio climbs to 92.9% in February. Posted on March 9, 2021. March 9, 2021. by Mary ... Milliman, Inc., a premier global consulting and actuarial firm, today released the latest results of its latest Pension Funding ... Link: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/milliman-analysis-corporate-pension-funded-ratio-climbs-to-92-9-in-february- ...
Bowers NL et al (1997). Actuarial Mathematics. Benjamin B, Haycocks HW & Pollard JH (1980). The Analysis of Mortality and Other ... MATH3063 Actuarial Mathematics I. Module Overview. This subject arises through a fusion of compound interest theory with ... These examples reflect the two main traditional areas of actuarial activity within a life assurance company: pricing and ... Finally, the alternative perspective of cash-flow analysis, or profit-testing, is introduced and applied to assess the ...
An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an uncertain variable input into a financial model for the purposes of calculating ... Although actuarial assumptions are typically used for mortality analysis with life insurance, the same methodologies are also ... Actuarial Life Table An actuarial life table is a table or spreadsheet that shows the probability of a person at a certain age ... What Is an Actuarial Assumption? An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an uncertain variable input into a financial model, ...
The analysis of mortality and other actuarial statistics, by B. Benjamin and the late H. W. Haycocks. By: Benjamin, Bernard ...
The actuarial graft and patient survival rate., Actuarial Patient and Graft Survival Rates at Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, ... Actuarial survival of patients grafted within 2 years of diagnosis or later: the difference is highly significant (P=0.0004). ... statistics on The actuarial graft and patient survival rate: ... Kaplan-Meiers analysis of actuarial survival of the patients 3 ... Actuarial survival analysis by type of transplant. Period 1990-2004: 2a) of the patient, 2b) of the graft, and 2c) of the graft ...
... risk analysis, actuarial modeling); and third level (investment and risk management, non-life insurance, life insurance, health ... The Actuarial Education Company, a subsidiary of BPP Actuarial Education Ltd.), which is contracted to provide actuarial ... Casualty Actuarial Society. 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-19. "2011 Syllabus of Basic Education". Casualty Actuarial Society. 2011. ... Actuarial Society website Faculty and Institute of Actuaries Actuarial Exam information for students International Actuarial ...
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  • For fellows of the Casualty Actuarial Society, this is fulfilled by taking the nation-specific Exam 6-Canada, instead of Exam 6-United States (CAS 2011b). (wikipedia.org)
  • This report was prepared by a review panel of three independent actuaries: Sam Gutterman, Fellow of the Society of Actuaries, Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society and Member of the American Academy of Actuaries, Pierre Plamondon, Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries and Fellow of the Society of Actuaries, and Jill Wagman, Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries and Fellow of the Society of Actuaries. (gc.ca)
  • The main criterion for employment and promotion for actuaries is passage of examinations administered by the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society. (bgsu.edu)
  • The major prepares students for at least four of the preliminary actuarial exams leading to the actuarial designation Associate of the Society of Actuaries (ASA) and Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society (ACAS), including Exams P (Probability), FM (Financial Mathematics), LTAM (Long Term Actuarial Models), and SRM (Statistics for Risk Modeling), as well as the "Validation by Educational Experience" (VEE) requirements in Economics, Finance/Accounting, and Mathematical Statistics. (bgsu.edu)
  • He achieved his designation as Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society (ACAS) in 2013 and is working toward his Fellowship (FCAS). (mtsu.edu)
  • He serves as a university liaison between the Casualty Actuarial Society and MTSU, plus is on the advisory board for the master's degree program. (mtsu.edu)
  • The actuarial survival of the two groups was determined with the Kaplan-Meier survival curves. (springer.com)
  • I had a couple of exercises about building a table for survival analysis under two different hypothesis: actuarial method and Kaplan-Meier. (stackexchange.com)
  • The only differences I know between this two approaches are the length of the intervals (given in actuarial method and "endogenous" in Kaplan-Meier) and the hypothesis on the censored cases (at risk for half interval in actuarial method and at risk for the full interval in Kaplan-Meier, given that there is at least one event). (stackexchange.com)
  • In the solution of the exercises I also noticed that there is a difference in how the survival function is computed: in actuarial method, in the first interval the survival function is equal to 1, whereas in Kaplan-Meier it is equal to $1-q_i$, where $q_i$ is the probability of experiencing the event. (stackexchange.com)
  • From these tables it seems that in actuarial method, we compute the survival at the beginning of the interval, whereas in the Kaplan-Meier case at the end of the interval. (stackexchange.com)
  • Actuarial survival curve of patients with bilateral internal thoracic artery and GEA grafts (solid line) and single internal thoracic artery and GEA grafts (dotted line) by the Kaplan-Meier method. (zanran.com)
  • Kaplan-Meier actuarial analyses were used to assess outcome. (osti.gov)
  • Actuarial survival was calculated using Kaplan Meier analysis. (scirp.org)
  • The 5-year survival analysis was computed using Kaplan-Meier and actuarial methods. (mdpi.com)
  • SIGMA actuaries are available to discuss the use of confidence level analyses unique to your particular program and any limitations present in the unique data. (sigmaactuary.com)
  • In finance, actuaries provide actuarial assumptions for pension plans. (investopedia.com)
  • citation needed] The Actuarial Society of Bangladesh is the unique Professional Body of Actuaries in Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Actuarial Society of Bangladesh follows the curriculum of The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The Canadian Institute of Actuaries (the CIA) recognizes fellows of both the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuary Society, provided that they have specialized study in Canadian actuarial practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The Actuarial Society of India (now converted into Institute of Actuaries of India) offers both associate-ship and fellowship classes of membership. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our MSc Actuarial Science course is based on the syllabus of the majority of the Core Technical subjects of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, so you'll cover Core Technical subjects as part of your course (CT2 or CT3, depending on the optional module selected, CT4, CT5, CT6, and CT8). (essex.ac.uk)
  • As a new course, we expect our graduates of MSc Actuarial Science to become actuaries in a range of industries. (essex.ac.uk)
  • Actuarial statistics: the statistics used by actuaries to calculate liabilities, evaluate risks and plan the financial course of insurance, pensions, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • She began working as an actuarial analyst in June 2013 and in only two years earned designation as an Associate of the Society of Actuaries (ASA) member in June 2015. (mtsu.edu)
  • The US actuarial services team consists of 225 credentialed life, health and non-life actuaries. (pwc.com)
  • Kennell has provided actuarial support to DoD as the Department has explored a wide range of options to update the cost-sharing structure of the TRICARE benefit. (kennellinc.com)
  • Hey, I have written a short article on Regression Analysis, in which I have explained what regression analysis is and how to calculate and interpret the slope and intercept with an example. (theactuarialclub.com)
  • This variance, in a typical SIGMA analysis, is presented as a list of projected loss values and the probability of actual losses falling above or below each value. (sigmaactuary.com)
  • Given an accurate actuarial assumption for this probability, a fair premium for such a policy can be calculated. (investopedia.com)
  • Risk analysis is the study of the underlying uncertainty of a given course of action and refers to the uncertainty of forecasted cash flow streams, the variance of portfolio or stock returns, the probability of a project's success or failure, and possible future economic states. (investopedia.com)
  • In addition to these classes, actuarial science majors are required to study calculus, linear algebra, probability, and statistics. (bgsu.edu)
  • To conduct PRS analyses against tumor control probability (TCP), using survival as a surrogate for TCP where necessary, and normal tissue complications vs tumor control probability. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Schonberg, Tom (2020): Variability in the analysis of a single neuroimaging dataset by many teams. (uibk.ac.at)
  • This course covers the fundamental principles of actuarial science. (bu.edu)
  • An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an unknown value that is determined based on the methods of actuarial science. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial science is helpful in predicting potential payouts of life insurance policies and pension plans. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial science is a discipline that assesses financial risks in the insurance and finance fields, using mathematical and statistical methods. (investopedia.com)
  • Some universities, including the University of Rajshahi and Jahangirnagar University, provide Actuarial Science courses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2015, the University of Dhaka and East West University offer master's degrees in Actuarial Science. (wikipedia.org)
  • This course is taught by the Department of Mathematical Sciences and is intended for students with a first degree in mathematics, statistics, economics or finance who would like to acquire knowledge in actuarial science. (essex.ac.uk)
  • The key departmental contacts for our MSc Actuarial Science are Keith Bannister, Dr Haslifah Hashim, and Dr Spyridon Vrontos. (essex.ac.uk)
  • he lectures part-time in Actuarial Science. (essex.ac.uk)
  • Our BSc Actuarial Science (including foundation year) is open to Home and EU students. (essex.ac.uk)
  • The book covers a wide variety of subjects in actuarial science and financial fields, all discussed in the context of the cooperation between the three quantitative approaches. (springer.com)
  • This course will equip you with knowledge and understanding of the concepts, theories and models of actuarial science. (york.ac.uk)
  • Risk analysis is still more of an art than a science. (investopedia.com)
  • The Actuarial Science program is part of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics in the BGSU College of Arts and Sciences . (bgsu.edu)
  • Actuarial science is a specialization in the mathematics major tailored to students interested in a career as an insurance or pension actuary. (bgsu.edu)
  • Three mathematics courses have been specifically designed for actuarial science students to cover the basic terminology and mathematical concepts of risk theory, the theory of interest, and life contingencies. (bgsu.edu)
  • Actuarial science courses and curriculum are reviewed and updated regularly to reflect the current requirements of the professional actuarial societies. (bgsu.edu)
  • Career opportunities in actuarial science, statistics, and data science continue to be abundant and consistently rank in the top five in career surveys. (bgsu.edu)
  • The Actuarial Science Club helps students find internships and employment after graduation. (bgsu.edu)
  • Students interested in an actuarial science major should have four years of college preparatory mathematics in high school. (bgsu.edu)
  • Actuarial Science, B.S. (mtsu.edu)
  • Students interested in combining mathematics and business coursework for an Actuarial Science degree can pursue a newly emerging career with well-paying jobs in high demand. (mtsu.edu)
  • MTSU is the only university in Tennessee that offers actuarial science coursework for both undergraduate and graduate degrees. (mtsu.edu)
  • Actuarial Science majors take courses in mathematics, statistics, economics, and insurance designed to help prepare for preliminary examinations from the actuarial professional societies and to succeed in the field. (mtsu.edu)
  • Rachael Padgett, a 2013 graduate of MTSU's Actuarial Science program, is a consulting actuary at BPS&M, a Wells Fargo Company, in Brentwood. (mtsu.edu)
  • The actuarial science program is growing by leaps and bounds since I graduated in 2007. (mtsu.edu)
  • Bachelor/Masters degree in Actuarial Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Economics or other relevant quantitative fields. (smithhanley.com)
  • This course is compulsory on the BSc in Actuarial Science. (lse.ac.uk)
  • In addition, specific careers in actuarial science and computer analysis are especially attractive. (sfsu.edu)
  • The purpose of the Minor in Actuarial Science is to introduce the student to the field of actuarial science. (sfsu.edu)
  • The minor will assist the student in getting a well-rounded education that includes course work in mathematics and actuarial science. (sfsu.edu)
  • Risk Analysis and Actuarial Modelling d. (actuarialoutpost.com)
  • This focus on up-to-date research findings in actuarial methodologies and actuarial applications means that you gain a solid training in actuarial modelling and actuarial analysis. (essex.ac.uk)
  • Dr Vrontos specialises in actuarial mathematics and modelling, asset-liability management and performance measurement for pension funds, hedge funds and mutual funds, risk management and solvency, and risk theory. (essex.ac.uk)
  • We'll introduce you to some key actuarial concepts and a variety of actuarial modelling techniques. (york.ac.uk)
  • business operations, financial modelling, business analysis. (naukri.com)
  • We provide actuarial analysis of and advice on insurance M&A transactions, reinsurance transfers, capital relief and restructuring (reinsurance and capital markets), post-merger integration and pension risk transfer transactions. (pwc.com)
  • LONDON , April 24, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Based on its recent analysis of the South African Internet of Medical Things (IOMT) market, Frost & Sullivan recognises Kardio Group with the 2019 South Africa Product Line Strategy Leadership Award. (prnewswire.com)
  • Between 2011 and 2019, the share of Part B enrollees subject to the income-related Part B premium will rise from 5 percent to 14 percent (from 2.4 million enrollees in 2011 to 7.8 million enrollees in 2019), according to this analysis. (kff.org)
  • Haastrup & Nielsen 2007) Current rules for the German Actuarial Society require an actuary to pass more than 13 exams. (wikipedia.org)
  • I passed two actuarial exams in college and passed my third shortly after graduating. (mtsu.edu)
  • The peer reviewers will review the work of the Chief Actuary in completing the 30th Actuarial Report on the Canada Pension Plan as at 31 December 2018. (gc.ca)
  • This volume introduces new ideas, in the form of four-page papers, presented at the international conference Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance (MAF), held at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (Spain), 4th-6th April 2018. (springer.com)
  • Assumption setting is an essential part of actuarial services across all practice areas-especially as the use of actuarial assumptions continues to rise in the Sarbanes-Oxley era-which was implemented to reduce accounting fraud. (investopedia.com)
  • Further, the CIA requires three years of actuarial practice within the previous decade, and 18 months of Canadian actuarial practice within the last three years, to become a fellow (CIA 2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • MTSU alumnus Jeremy Richardson is now a consulting actuary and assistant vice president in the Willis Towers Watson Casualty Actuarial Practice in Nashville. (mtsu.edu)
  • Aim To characterize the in-hospital mortality and the actuarial survival of surgical and non-surgical therapy regimen in the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). (springer.com)
  • In this work we develop techniques, based on missing data statistics, which aim at carrying out mortality analysis by making the best use of available information, with particular emphasis on individual socio-economic characteristics. (hw.ac.uk)
  • Although actuarial assumptions are typically used for mortality analysis with life insurance, the same methodologies are also applied to other types of insurance, including liability and property insurance. (investopedia.com)
  • The analysis of mortality and other actuarial statistics, by B. Benjamin and the late H. W. Haycocks. (who.int)
  • Njenga, C. & Sherris, M., "Longevity Risk and the Econometric Analysis of Mortality Trends and Volatility. (sciepub.com)
  • The analysis of mortality and other actuarial statistics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cox-multivariate analysis showed postoperative ventricular arrhythmia in either group (Hazard ratio = 1.5) to be the only significant factor to impact mortality (p 0.001). (scirp.org)
  • Given the values for the predictive variables, a sound actuarial assumption can be made for the uncertain variable or event. (investopedia.com)
  • Our unique hybrid approach combines business rules, anomaly detection, predictive analytics and social network analysis. (sas.com)
  • The analysis is performed on large datasets through the external devices of subjects, and predictive tools, which determine changes in brain connectivity as dementia develops, are created. (wolfram.com)
  • When it comes to new analyses, insurers must consider how automation, predictive models, and complex operations and distribution structures affect the portfolio. (accenture.com)
  • Did the Chief Actuary have access to the information required to perform the valuation, and were relevant tests and analysis on the data completed as might be expected? (gc.ca)
  • In general, the previous or independent predictors are the same as those utilized in an actuarial valuation of labor commitments. (sciepub.com)
  • This continues with the development of financial models first introduced in AT731 ("Actuarial Mathematics I"). Insurance Reserves are introduced, including methods for determining reserves, the impact of actuarial assumptions on the calculations, and the effect of real-world results that do not match those assumed. (bu.edu)
  • Actuarial assumptions involve mathematical and statistical models designed to evaluate risk and probabilities for a particular event. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial assumptions have broad applications, including in the finance industry, economics, computer programming, and in the insurance industry. (investopedia.com)
  • Insurance companies use actuarial assumptions when calculating the life expectancy projection of a person seeking life insurance. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial assumptions are important because they help companies develop contingency plans for the future based on possible outcomes. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial assumptions also allow for the equitable transfer of risk in many situations. (investopedia.com)
  • One of the most common actuarial assumptions made by insurance companies is the life expectancy projection of a person seeking life insurance. (investopedia.com)
  • Actuarial assumptions are also used to determine the level of risk with specific investments. (investopedia.com)
  • Were the actuarial methods and assumptions used in completing the report reasonable? (gc.ca)
  • An introduction to stochastic processes with emphasis on life history analysis and actuarial applications. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This new analysis from the Kaiser Family Foundation examines the number of Medicare beneficiaries who will pay higher Part B or Part D premiums as a result of newly enacted provisions included the 2010 health reform law. (kff.org)
  • This analysis was conducted by researchers at the Kaiser Family Foundation and Actuarial Research Corporation. (kff.org)
  • The analysis is based on a model developed by the Actuarial Research Corporation for the Kaiser Family Foundation. (kff.org)
  • Univariate analysis and multivariate binary logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard analysis were used to identify the risk factors for the in-hospital and late deaths. (springer.com)
  • Cross Validated is a question and answer site for people interested in statistics, machine learning, data analysis, data mining, and data visualization. (stackexchange.com)
  • This course expands on the material covered in AT741 ("Actuarial Statistics I)" by expanding the discussion of Aggregate Models. (bu.edu)
  • Other schools that offer actuarial directions can be found throughout the rest departments of Statistics in the various universities of the country, most notably that of the Athens University of Economics and Business (OPA/ASOEE), which is also the top economic university of Greece. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under quantitative risk analysis, a risk model is built using simulation or deterministic statistics to assign numerical values to risk. (investopedia.com)
  • Research interests: meta-analysis and evidence synthesis, statistical methods for Big Data analysis, actuarial and medical statistics. (actuaries.org.uk)
  • We identify the actual contribution of the considered refined methodologies in constructing the survival probabilities in actuarial entities that can be immediately interpreted and used for risk management and solvency assessment purposes. (slideserve.com)
  • Students will be introduced to basic actuarial concepts of survival models, such as probabilities of survival and death, then use these concepts to develop expressions for life expectancies. (bu.edu)
  • The outcomes can also be assessed using risk management tools such as scenario analysis and sensitivity tables. (investopedia.com)
  • Longitudinal actuarial analysis and dose responses based on monthly outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • It is important for the actuary to understand the intended use of the analysis, in order to determine any items which may have a material impact on the results and discuss these implications with those relying on the results. (sigmaactuary.com)
  • and iii) the analysis of the impact of using these techniques for the estimation of demographic and financial quantities of interest for an actuary. (hw.ac.uk)
  • The student will work on calculating premiums and analyzing loss metrics over the term while learning about the tools in Microsoft Excel and Access that help an actuary perform their analysis in a timely and accurate manner. (bu.edu)
  • The actuarial credentialing and exam process usually requires passing a rigorous series of professional examinations, most often taking several years in total, before one can become recognized as a credentialed actuary. (wikipedia.org)
  • In providing opinions on the questions listed above, the peer reviewers will also provide such recommendations as the peer reviewers deem appropriate with respect to future actuarial reports on the Canada Pension Plan prepared by the Office of the Chief Actuary. (gc.ca)
  • Jim Mulshine, a thoracic medical oncologist by training who spent 25 years at the National Cancer Institute, and Bruce Pyenson , a consulting actuary at Milliman, sat down for a Q&A to discuss lung cancer and provide a medical and actuarial take around finding lung cancer early via CT scan. (healthcaretownhall.com)
  • Her research interests are mainly in goodness-of-fit, multivariate techniques for mixed-type data, functional data analysis and she has published numerous papers on these topics in international journals. (springer.com)
  • In this study, a multivariate regression model is determined that allows computation of the actuarial liability of social benefits using a group of potential predictors. (sciepub.com)
  • In multivariate analysis, larger AVM size, deep venous drainage, and the increasing number of embolization/SRS sessions were negative predictors of obliteration. (hindawi.com)
  • The course emphasizes applications of statistical principles in actuarial models and modeling. (bu.edu)
  • Actuarial analysis indicates a projected survival rate of 93% three years postoperative. (ahajournals.org)
  • The Aon/AHCA 2017 Long Term Care General Liability and Professional Liability Actuarial Analysis reports increasing liability costs for the Long Term Care profession. (aon.com)
  • Note to editors An abstract of the report and graphics illustrating results from the 2017 Aon/AHCA Long Term Care General Liability and Professional Liability Actuarial Analysis are available upon request. (aon.com)
  • A confidence level analysis takes this one step further by quantifying the variance around the point estimate and the additional risk involved with retaining losses. (sigmaactuary.com)
  • This type of analysis is useful for comparing the risk involved with different risk retention and transfer options, such as varying per occurrence and aggregate retentions or combining multiple risks into a single program. (sigmaactuary.com)
  • Kennell's actuarial work has included the development of premiums for voluntary DoD health programs, evaluation of the cost impact of benefit and program changes, and the various studies related to the development, implementation, and evaluation of risk adjustment mechanisms. (kennellinc.com)
  • Actuarial measurements are often part of financial statements and are an integral part of an organization's risk management practices. (investopedia.com)
  • Align strategies and goals across finance, risk, actuarial and regulatory compliance functions. (sas.com)
  • What Is Risk Analysis? (investopedia.com)
  • Risk analysis is the process of assessing the likelihood of an adverse event occurring within the corporate, government, or environmental sector. (investopedia.com)
  • Finally, risk analysis attempts to estimate the extent of the impact that will be made if the event happens. (investopedia.com)
  • Risk analysis can be quantitative or qualitative. (investopedia.com)
  • The model is analyzed using graphs, scenario analysis , and/or sensitivity analysis by risk managers to make decisions to mitigate and deal with the risks. (investopedia.com)
  • Other types of risk management tools include decision trees and break-even analysis. (investopedia.com)
  • Qualitative risk analysis is an analytical method that does not identify and evaluate risks with numerical and quantitative ratings. (investopedia.com)
  • Qualitative analysis involves a written definition of the uncertainties, an evaluation of the extent of the impact (if the risk ensues), and countermeasure plans in the case of a negative event occurring. (investopedia.com)
  • Examples of qualitative risk tools include SWOT Analysis, Cause and Effect diagrams, Decision Matrix, Game Theory , etc. (investopedia.com)
  • Almost all sorts of large businesses require a minimum sort of risk analysis. (investopedia.com)
  • It is important to know that risk analysis allows professionals to identify and mitigate risks, but not avoid them completely. (investopedia.com)
  • Services: Insurance coverage and limits analysis, expert witness services, litigation support consulting on insurance risk matters. (businessinsurance.com)
  • To correlate family history information with SNP analysis to produce a polymorphism risk score (PRS) for family history. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We have extensive experience serving the domestic and international insurance industry, and assist insurers with actuarial modernization, process improvement, risk and capital management, value analyses, deals, and financial reporting. (pwc.com)
  • We help insurance companies develop efficient and effective finance, risk and actuarial organizations by identifying the tools, skills, competencies, and resources that can enable them to achieve their business strategy objectives and respond effectively to market developments. (pwc.com)
  • Atypical histopathological features and the risk of treatment failure in non-malignant meningiomas: a multi-institutional analysis. (nih.gov)
  • Our attractive blend of solid mathematics, an understanding of real-world financial issues, and computing skills provide you with the core skills essential for entering the actuarial profession. (essex.ac.uk)
  • This is a mark of our course's quality and guarantees its relevance to the actuarial profession. (york.ac.uk)
  • I find the actuarial profession quite rewarding. (mtsu.edu)
  • The presentation will provide an overview of relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS) treatment considerations and pharmacoeconomic insights for MS, as reported in a 2016 Milliman commercial claims data analysis. (amcp.org)
  • project entitled 'Analysis of Occupational Cohort Data Using Exposure as a Continuous Time-dependent Variable' on 3 August 2005. (sfu.ca)
  • A hallmark of Kennell's actuarial approach is the ability to explain highly technical calculations and to enable clients to make informed data-driven decisions and understand related risks. (kennellinc.com)
  • This process involves the tabulation of historical claim and administrative data, projections of future trends, and other actuarial adjustments. (kennellinc.com)
  • Actuarial statistical models are then addressed, including evaluation of both complete and incomplete data. (bu.edu)
  • Pinnacle strives to construct benchmarks for any analysis, whether ratemaking, loss reserving or some other use, as close as possible to replicating the nature of the underlying data being reviewed. (pinnacleactuaries.com)
  • There is increased interest among the energy-efficiency practitioner community in using real-world data for "data-driven" analysis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This article examines some of the promises and perils of having large amounts of building data at the user's fingertips and how to use such data and statistical analysis tools effectively to support decision-making by energy professionals. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • High-performing carriers are using new analyses, data sources and analytics and visualization tools to reinvent insurance portfolio management. (accenture.com)
  • We recommend that they emulate the high performers and utilize new analyses, new data sources, and new analytics and visualization tools to explore and assess portfolio opportunities and deficiencies. (accenture.com)
  • The new analyses and data are accompanied by new tools to assess and analyze the data, including analytics engines, machine learning and data visualization. (accenture.com)
  • An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an uncertain variable input into a financial model, normally for the purposes of calculating premiums or benefits. (investopedia.com)
  • Marco Corazza has a PhD in "Mathematics for the Analysis of Financial Markets" and is an associate professor at the Department of Economics of the Ca' Foscari University of Venice (Italy). (springer.com)
  • Design and write computer programs for conducting analysis such as financial projection, reserve calculation, etc. (monster.com.hk)
  • Milliman, Inc., a premier global consulting and actuarial firm, today released the latest results of its latest Pension Funding Index (PFI), which analyzes the 100 largest U.S. corporate pension plans. (actuarial.news)
  • It covers a wide variety of subjects in actuarial, insurance and finance fields, all treated in the light of the successful cooperation between the above two quantitative approaches. (springer.com)
  • An actuarial assumption is an estimate or forecast of an uncertain variable or event normally for the purposes of calculating insurance premiums or benefits. (investopedia.com)
  • The interaction between mathematicians, statisticians and econometricians working in actuarial sciences and finance is producing numerous meaningful scientific results. (springer.com)
  • These examples reflect the two main traditional areas of actuarial activity within a life assurance company: pricing and reserving. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Finally, the alternative perspective of cash-flow analysis, or profit-testing, is introduced and applied to assess the emergence of profit from, and overall profitability of, a life contract. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • To provide students with a solid grounding in the subject of life contingencies for a single life, and experience of its application to the analysis of life assurance and life annuity (including pension) contracts. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The goal of this type of actuarial assumption is to establish a life expectancy for underwriting purposes. (investopedia.com)
  • To compare different clinical scoring systems for late normal tissue effects, specifically Late Effect of Normal Tissue Subjective Objective Management Analysis (LENT SOMA), Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG), quality of life, and in a subset common terminology criteria (CTC) version 3. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Now in its 15th edition, the Long Term Care Actuarial Analysis provides estimates of loss rates, or the cost of liability to skilled nursing care centers on a per-bed basis. (aon.com)
  • Among the most important findings of this research is that the PBO or Actuarial Liability depends fundamentally on a linear basis of two fundamental variables in the quantification of Social Benefits -- the Guarantees and the Social Benefits to Pay (PSP). (sciepub.com)
  • Designed for students with minimal coding experience, the course focused on four different projects blending students' previous knowledge from English courses with basic computational concepts-allowing them to dive deeper into and perform textual analysis on famous novels as well as their own writing. (wolfram.com)
  • I enjoy communicating with my clients and sharing the results from the actuarial analyses I perform for them," he says. (mtsu.edu)
  • Finally, Pinnacle provided a cost benefit analysis to help the client determine the optimal retention levels for its insurance program. (pinnacleactuaries.com)
  • Services: Insurance coverage and limits analysis, broker and vendor services analysis, expert witness services. (businessinsurance.com)
  • Services: Expert witness services, actuarial consulting, insurance archaelogy and analysis. (businessinsurance.com)
  • The interaction between mathematicians and statisticians has been shown to be an effective approach for dealing with actuarial, insurance and financial problems, both from an academic perspective and from an operative one. (springer.com)
  • The analysis is similar to those used by insurance companies to determine the longevity, health and well-being of the people they insure. (foxnews.com)
  • We provide not only actuarial reserve and rating support, but also use our broader perspective to provide a proprietary insurance ERM framework to help corporates and governmental entities establish surplus levels to support the long-term viability of their organizations. (pwc.com)
  • A major problem faced in these type of analysis is given by the case, not uncommon, that pension scheme datasets provide different sets of informations. (hw.ac.uk)
  • CAS offers a wide range of courses in technical topics ranging from actuarial mathematics to video production. (aus.edu)
  • Pinnacle provides loss reserve analyses and other diagnostics in support of collateral negotiations associated with deductible and/or self-insured retentions. (pinnacleactuaries.com)
  • An in silico drug discovery analysis recognized 69 (46%) cases carrying at least one genomic alteration considered a potential target of drug response according to early clinical trials or preclinical assays in DLBCL or other lymphomas. (nature.com)
  • Estimators for the actuarial models are developed in concert with these topics. (bu.edu)
  • project entitled 'Hierarchical Segmented Regression Models with Application to Wood Density Analysis' on 5 April 2007. (sfu.ca)
  • For statistical analysis, we applied general linear models (Duncan's multivariant comparison). (bmj.com)
  • In this project, an extension to the Cox proportional hazards model is used to treat cumulative exposure as a continuous variable and model the dose-response curve nonparametrically for a study of aluminium smelter workers conducted by the British Columbia Cancer Agency and compare the results to the categorical analyses. (sfu.ca)
  • The results of this analysis lead to a recommended board policy regarding a minimum capital threshold for dividend distributions and ultimately to the development of an actuarially sound dividend distribution plan. (pinnacleactuaries.com)
  • The motivations of this study are: first, the application of the rank selection tools of DB-GLM to the actuarial problem of pricing in the calculus of the pure premium, and second, the comparison of the results with those obtained using classical GLM. (easychair.org)
  • To compare a detailed 3D dose-volume analysis in a subset of patients with late effects and SNP results. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Actuarial judgment and qualitative information should be considered, alongside the qualitative information, during this process. (sigmaactuary.com)