Loose-fitting removable orthodontic appliances which redirect the pressures of the facial and masticatory muscles onto the teeth and their supporting structures to produce improvements in tooth arrangements and occlusal relations.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
Loose, usually removable intra-oral devices which alter the muscle forces against the teeth and craniofacial skeleton. These are dynamic appliances which depend on altered neuromuscular action to effect bony growth and occlusal development. They are usually used in mixed dentition to treat pediatric malocclusions. (ADA, 1992)
Extraoral devices for applying force to the dentition in order to avoid some of the problems in anchorage control met with in intermaxillary traction and to apply force in directions not otherwise possible.
Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry),
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.
A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.
Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.
A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.
Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
A member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.
A proteolytic enzyme that converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN where the preferential cleavage is between ARGININE and VALINE. It was isolated originally from human URINE, but is found in most tissues of most VERTEBRATES.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Contact between opposing teeth during a person's habitual bite.
Orthodontic appliances, fixed or removable, used to maintain teeth in corrected positions during the period of functional adaptation following corrective treatment. These appliances are also used to maintain the positions of the teeth and jaws gained by orthodontic procedures. (From Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p263)
The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Recognition and elimination of potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
Malocclusion in which the mandible is anterior to the maxilla as reflected by the first relationship of the first permanent molar (mesioclusion).
Malocclusion in which the mandible and maxilla are anteroposteriorly normal as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (i.e., in neutroclusion), but in which individual teeth are abnormally related to each other.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
The stable placement of surgically induced fractures of the mandible or maxilla through the use of elastics, wire ligatures, arch bars, or other splints. It is used often in the cosmetic surgery of retrognathism and prognathism. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p636)
An extracellular receptor specific for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. It is attached to the cell membrane via a GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL LINKAGE and plays a role in the co-localization of urokinase-type plasminogen activator with PLASMINOGEN.
Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.
A heterogeneous group of proteolytic enzymes that convert PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. They are concentrated in the lysosomes of most cells and in the vascular endothelium, particularly in the vessels of the microcirculation.
Attachment of orthodontic devices and materials to the MOUTH area for support and to provide a counterforce to orthodontic forces.
Resorption in which cementum or dentin is lost from the root of a tooth owing to cementoclastic or osteoclastic activity in conditions such as trauma of occlusion or neoplasms. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An essential cofactor for the degradation of G(M2)GANGLIOSIDE by lysosomal BETA-N-ACETYLHEXOSAMINIDASES. Genetic mutations resulting in loss of G(M2) activator protein are one of the causes of TAY-SACHS DISEASE, AB VARIANT.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts: a superior part, the articular portion, and an inferior part, the condylar neck.

Elastic activator for treatment of open bite. (1/57)

This article presents a modified activator for treatment of open bite cases. The intermaxillary acrylic of the lateral occlusal zones is replaced by elastic rubber tubes. By stimulating orthopaedic gymnastics (chewing gum effect), the elastic activator intrudes upper and lower posterior teeth. A noticeable counterclockwise rotation of the mandible was accomplished by a decrease of the gonial angle. Besides the simple fabrication of the device and uncomplicated replacement of the elastic rubber tubes, treatment can be started even in mixed dentition when affixing plates may be difficult.  (+info)

Class II combination therapy (distal jet and Jasper Jumpers): a case report. (2/57)

Class II combination therapy is a method that combines orthodontic and orthopedic mechanics in a single stage of treatment. Molar distalization is followed by fixed functional mechanics to reduce the dependence upon patient compliance while seeking more predictable completion of Class II correction.  (+info)

Class II correction-reducing patient compliance: a review of the available techniques. (3/57)

The correction of Class II malocclusions has been hampered by the use of appliances which require the patient to co-operate with headgear, elastics, or the wearing of a removable appliance. 'Non-compliance therapy' involves the use of appliances which minimize the need for such co-operation and attempt to maximize the predictability of results. This article reviews and describes the types of appliances used, and their mode of action-based on the current available research.  (+info)

The temporomandibular joint and the disc-condyle relationship after functional orthopaedic treatment: a magnetic resonance imaging study. (4/57)

Causative correction of Class II skeletal malocclusions may be achieved through bite jumping by various means. Numerous animal experiments have yielded evidence of remodelled temporomandibular structures after mandibular protrusion. However, the mode and extent of structural and/or topographic changes of the disc-condyle relationship after functional orthopaedic treatment is still unresolved. A problem exists in defining the physiological position of the condyles and disc-condyle relationship, which is tentatively determined by various methods particularly in magnetic resonance tomographic studies. Despite the high resolution provided, the results have to be interpreted with caution, as osseous resorption and apposition cannot be assessed by visual evidence. This investigation examined the impact on the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), i.e. the condylar shape and position, and the disc-condyle relationship, of the bionator plus extra-oral traction in combination with vertical elastics. The underlying reactions were studied by means of magnetic resonance images (MRI) obtained from n = 15 successfully treated patients (mean age 11.6 years).  (+info)

A comparative study of two mandibular advancement appliances for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea. (5/57)

Mandibular advancement appliances (MAAs) are accepted as a treatment option for snoring and mild obstructive sleep disorders. In the present clinical study two differently designed devices were examined for their effectiveness in treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The study was based on an assessment of 26 patients with a polysomnographic diagnosis of mild OSA [22 men, four women; mean body mass index 27.3 kg/m2 (SD 3.1); mean age 56.8 years (SD 5.2); mean respiratory disturbance index (RDI): 16.0 events/hour (SD 4.4)]. After insertion of the first MAA and a 6-8-week habituation period, a cardio-respiratory home-sleep study was carried out. Following a 2-3-week period with no treatment, the second appliance was inserted. The sequence of the devices was randomized. Once the patients had become accustomed to the second appliance, another somnographic registration was carried out. Daytime sleepiness, snoring, and sleep quality were assessed subjectively on a visual analogue scale. The results showed that a statistically significant improvement in the respiratory parameters was achieved with both appliances (P < 0.01). However, the activator [RDI: 5.5 events/hour, SD 3.3; apnoea index (AI): 3.4 events/hour, SD 2.1] was significantly more effective (P < 0.01) than the Silencor (RDI, 7.3 events/hour, SD 5.3; AI: 5.8 events/hour, SD 3.2). No difference was recorded in the subjective assessment of the therapeutic effects. Both appliances reduced daytime sleepiness and snoring and improved sleep quality, and both influenced the treatment outcome.  (+info)

Effective temporomandibular joint growth and chin position changes: Activator versus Herbst treatment. A cephalometric roentgenographic study. (6/57)

In 138 successfully treated Class II division 1 patients (40 Activator and 98 Herbst) effective temporomandibular joint (TMJ) growth changes (a summation of condylar remodelling, glenoid fossa remodelling, and condylar position changes within the fossa), and their influence on the position of the chin and the rotation of the mandible were analysed retrospectively. Lateral head films in habitual occlusion from before and after an average treatment period of 2.6 years for the Activator patients and 0.6 years for the Herbst patients were evaluated. Two different treatment changes were assessed: (1) overall growth changes and (2) treatment effects (overall growth changes minus age-related normal growth values: Bolton Standards). The comparison between the Activator and the Herbst group revealed larger effective TMJ and chin changes during Activator therapy due to the longer observation period (2.6 years versus 0.6 years). The treatment effects showed marked group differences for both the amount and direction of effective TMJ changes. The changes were vertical and slightly anterior in the Activator group, and predominantly posterior in the Herbst group. Concerning the chin changes, the treatment effects for the Herbst group exceeded those for the Activator group in both directions, caudally and anteriorly. The Activator group showed an anterior rotation and the Herbst group a slight posterior rotation of the mandible. The present investigation revealed that the effective TMJ and chin changes were increased by both Activator and Herbst treatment. However, the Herbst appliance renders more favourable sagittally orientated treatment effects in a much shorter period of time compared with the Activator.  (+info)

The effects of activator treatment on the craniofacial structures of Class II division 1 patients. (7/57)

The aim of the present study was to clarify the skeletal treatment effects induced by activator treatment. Fifty actively growing patients with Class II division 1 malocclusions were treated with an activator appliance. A control group consisting of longitudinal growth data from 20 patients (untreated Class II division 1 malocclusions) was used to eliminate possible differences in growth pattern. Lateral cephalograms of each patient were taken at the start and end of treatment. Final cephalograms were taken after a mean of 16.4 (+/- 2.0) months activator treatment, compared with a mean of 14.2 (+/- 2.4) months for the control group. Each cephalogram was traced and digitized by the same individual. The mean and standard deviations for linear and angular cephalometric measurements were analysed statistically, and intra- and inter-group changes were evaluated by paired- and independent-sample t-tests. At the end of the study period, the overjet was decreased in all patients. Ramus height, corpus length, anterior and posterior face height all increased significantly (P < 0.05). In the treatment group, ANB angle decreased and the bite was opened. The activator appliance caused maxillary incisor lingual tipping and mandibular incisor labial tipping. The overjet was decreased as a result of the increased forward growth of the mandible and dentoalveolar changes. The results demonstrated that the activator appliance has a characteristic skeletal and dental effect on the developing craniofacial complex.  (+info)

Contemporary treatment of a crowded Class II division 1 case. (8/57)

A 12-year-old Caucasian male presented with a severe Class II division 1 incisor relationship on a mild Skeletal II base with an average maxillary-mandibular planes angle and average lower facial height. Crowding was severe in the upper arch and moderate in the lower arch. Treatment was commenced using Twin Block appliances, and followed by extractions in all four quadrants and fixed appliances. This case illustrates the versatility of the Twin Block appliance in the treatment of those cases exhibiting crowding.  (+info)

Activator appliances are a type of removable orthodontic device used to expand the arch of the teeth and make other adjustments to the bite. They are typically made of acrylic material and may include metal components such as screws or wires that can be adjusted to apply pressure to specific teeth or areas of the jaw.

The activator appliance works by using gentle forces to gradually move the teeth into their desired positions over time. It is often used in conjunction with other orthodontic treatments, such as braces or aligners, to help achieve optimal results. The appliance may be worn for several hours each day or overnight, depending on the specific treatment plan.

Activator appliances are typically custom-made for each patient based on a detailed evaluation of their oral structure and bite pattern. They can be used to treat a variety of orthodontic issues, including overbites, underbites, crossbites, and crowded teeth. Regular adjustments and follow-up appointments with an orthodontist are necessary to ensure that the appliance is working effectively and to make any necessary modifications to the treatment plan.

Orthodontic appliances are devices used in orthodontics, a branch of dentistry focused on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. These appliances can be fixed or removable and are used to align teeth, correct jaw relationships, or modify dental forces. They can include braces, aligners, palatal expanders, space maintainers, and headgear, among others. The specific type of appliance used depends on the individual patient's needs and the treatment plan developed by the orthodontist.

Orthodontic appliances, removable, are dental devices that can be removed and inserted by the patient as needed or directed. These appliances are designed to align and straighten teeth, correct bite issues, and improve the function and appearance of the teeth and jaws. They are typically made from materials such as plastic, metal, or acrylic and may include components like wires, springs, or screws. Examples of removable orthodontic appliances include aligners, retainers, and space maintainers. The specific type and design of the appliance will depend on the individual patient's orthodontic needs and treatment goals.

Orthodontic appliance design refers to the creation and development of medical devices used in orthodontics, which is a branch of dentistry focused on the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of dental and facial irregularities. The design process involves creating a customized treatment plan for each patient, based on their specific needs and goals.

Orthodontic appliances can be removable or fixed and are used to move teeth into proper alignment, improve jaw function, and enhance the overall appearance of the smile. Some common types of orthodontic appliances include braces, aligners, palatal expanders, and retainers.

The design of an orthodontic appliance typically involves several factors, including:

1. The specific dental or facial problem being addressed
2. The patient's age, overall health, and oral hygiene habits
3. The patient's lifestyle and personal preferences
4. The estimated treatment time and cost
5. The potential risks and benefits of the appliance

Orthodontic appliance design is a complex process that requires a thorough understanding of dental anatomy, biomechanics, and materials science. It is typically performed by an orthodontist or a dental technician with specialized training in this area. The goal of orthodontic appliance design is to create a device that is both effective and comfortable for the patient, while also ensuring that it is safe and easy to use.

Functional Orthodontic Appliances are removable or fixed devices used in orthodontics to correct the alignment and/or positioning of jaw bones and/or teeth. They work by harnessing the power of muscle function and growth to achieve desired changes in the dental arches and jaws. These appliances are typically used in growing children and adolescents, but can also be used in adults in certain cases. Examples of functional orthodontic appliances include activators, bionators, twin blocks, and Herbst appliances. The specific type of appliance used will depend on the individual patient's needs and treatment goals.

Extraoral traction appliances are orthodontic devices used to correct significant dental and skeletal discrepancies, typically in cases of severe malocclusion. These appliances are worn externally on the face or head, and they work by applying gentle force to the teeth and jaws to guide them into proper alignment.

Extraoral traction appliances can be used to treat a variety of orthodontic problems, including:

* Protruding front teeth (overjet)
* Severe crowding or spacing
* Class II or Class III malocclusions (where the upper and lower jaws do not align properly)
* Jaw growth abnormalities

There are several types of extraoral traction appliances, including:

1. **Headgear:** This is the most common type of extraoral appliance. It consists of a metal frame that attaches to braces on the back teeth and a strap that fits around the head or neck. The strap applies pressure to the teeth and jaws, helping to correct alignment issues.
2. **Facemask:** A facemask is used to treat Class III malocclusions, where the lower jaw protrudes forward. It consists of a metal frame that attaches to braces on the upper teeth and a strap that fits around the head. The strap pulls the upper jaw forward, helping to align it with the lower jaw.
3. **Reverse pull headgear:** This type of appliance is used to treat patients with a receding chin or small lower jaw. It works by applying pressure to the back of the head, which encourages the growth and development of the lower jaw.
4. **Jaw separators:** These are used in cases where the jaws need to be separated to allow for proper alignment. They consist of two metal bars that fit over the upper and lower teeth, with a screw mechanism that gradually increases the space between them.

Extraoral traction appliances can be uncomfortable to wear at first, but most patients adjust to them over time. It is important to follow the orthodontist's instructions carefully when wearing these appliances to ensure proper alignment and prevent damage to the teeth and jaws.

Malocclusion, Angle Class II is a type of dental malocclusion where the relationship between the maxilla (upper jaw) and mandible (lower jaw) is such that the lower molar teeth are positioned posteriorly relative to the upper molar teeth. This results in an overbite, which means that the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth excessively. The classification was proposed by Edward Angle, an American orthodontist who is considered the father of modern orthodontics. In this classification system, Class II malocclusion is further divided into three subclasses (I, II, and III) based on the position of the lower incisors relative to the upper incisors.

Mandibular advancement is a treatment approach used in dentistry and sleep medicine, which involves the surgical or non-surgical forward movement of the mandible (lower jaw) to address certain medical conditions. The most common use of mandibular advancement is in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), where the tongue and soft tissues at the back of the throat can collapse into the airway during sleep, causing obstruction and breathing difficulties.

Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are often used in non-surgical treatments. These custom-made oral appliances look similar to mouthguards or sports guards and are worn during sleep. They work by holding the lower jaw in a slightly forward position, which helps to keep the airway open and prevents the tongue and soft tissues from collapsing into it.

Surgical mandibular advancement is another option for patients with severe OSA who cannot tolerate or do not respond well to MADs or other treatments like continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). In this procedure, the jaw is surgically moved forward and stabilized in that position using plates, screws, or wires. This creates more space in the airway and reduces the risk of obstruction during sleep.

In summary, mandibular advancement refers to the movement of the lower jaw forward, either through non-surgical means like MADs or surgical interventions, with the primary goal of treating obstructive sleep apnea by maintaining a patent airway during sleep.

Tooth movement, in a dental and orthodontic context, refers to the physical change in position or alignment of one or more teeth within the jaw bone as a result of controlled forces applied through various orthodontic appliances such as braces, aligners, or other orthodontic devices. The purposeful manipulation of these forces encourages the periodontal ligament (the tissue that connects the tooth to the bone) to remodel, allowing the tooth to move gradually over time into the desired position. This process is crucial in achieving proper bite alignment, correcting malocclusions, and enhancing overall oral function and aesthetics.

Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The term "corrective" in this context refers to the use of appliances (such as braces, aligners, or other devices) to move teeth into their proper position and correct malocclusion (bad bite). This not only improves the appearance of the teeth but also helps to ensure better function, improved oral health, and overall dental well-being.

The goal of corrective orthodontics is to create a balanced and harmonious relationship between the teeth, jaws, and facial structures. Treatment may be recommended for children, adolescents, or adults and can help address various issues such as crowding, spacing, overbites, underbites, crossbites, open bites, and jaw growth discrepancies. A combination of techniques, including fixed or removable appliances, may be used to achieve the desired outcome. Regular follow-up appointments are necessary throughout treatment to monitor progress and make any necessary adjustments.

Occlusal splints, also known as bite guards or night guards, are removable dental appliances that are used to provide protection and stabilization for the teeth and jaw joint (temporomandibular joint or TMJ). They are typically made of hard acrylic or soft materials and are custom-fit to a patient's mouth.

Occlusal splints work by covering and separating the upper and lower teeth, preventing them from coming into contact with each other. This can help to reduce tooth grinding and clenching (bruxism), which can cause tooth wear, sensitivity, and TMJ disorders. They may also be used to help stabilize the jaw joint and muscles in patients with TMJ disorders or to provide protection for teeth that have undergone restorative dental work.

It is important to note that occlusal splints should only be worn under the guidance of a dentist, as improper use can lead to further dental problems.

Cephalometry is a medical term that refers to the measurement and analysis of the skull, particularly the head face relations. It is commonly used in orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery to assess and plan treatment for abnormalities related to the teeth, jaws, and facial structures. The process typically involves taking X-ray images called cephalograms, which provide a lateral view of the head, and then using various landmarks and reference lines to make measurements and evaluate skeletal and dental relationships. This information can help clinicians diagnose problems, plan treatment, and assess treatment outcomes.

The mandible, also known as the lower jaw, is the largest and strongest bone in the human face. It forms the lower portion of the oral cavity and plays a crucial role in various functions such as mastication (chewing), speaking, and swallowing. The mandible is a U-shaped bone that consists of a horizontal part called the body and two vertical parts called rami.

The mandible articulates with the skull at the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) located in front of each ear, allowing for movements like opening and closing the mouth, protrusion, retraction, and side-to-side movement. The mandible contains the lower teeth sockets called alveolar processes, which hold the lower teeth in place.

In medical terminology, the term "mandible" refers specifically to this bone and its associated structures.

Palatal expansion technique is a dental or orthodontic treatment procedure that aims to widen the upper jaw (maxilla) by expanding the palate. This is typically done using a device called a palatal expander, which is attached to the upper molars and applies pressure to gradually separate the two bones that form the palate (the maxillary bones). As the appliance is activated (usually through turning a screw or key), it gently expands the palatal suture, allowing for an increase in the width of the upper dental arch. This procedure can help correct crossbites, crowding, and other jaw alignment issues. It's commonly used in children and adolescents but may also be employed in adults with certain conditions.

The maxilla is a paired bone that forms the upper jaw in vertebrates. In humans, it is a major bone in the face and plays several important roles in the craniofacial complex. Each maxilla consists of a body and four processes: frontal process, zygomatic process, alveolar process, and palatine process.

The maxillae contribute to the formation of the eye sockets (orbits), nasal cavity, and the hard palate of the mouth. They also contain the upper teeth sockets (alveoli) and help form the lower part of the orbit and the cheekbones (zygomatic arches).

Here's a quick rundown of its key functions:

1. Supports the upper teeth and forms the upper jaw.
2. Contributes to the formation of the eye sockets, nasal cavity, and hard palate.
3. Helps shape the lower part of the orbit and cheekbones.
4. Partakes in the creation of important sinuses, such as the maxillary sinus, which is located within the body of the maxilla.

Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA) is a thrombolytic enzyme, which means it dissolves blood clots. It is naturally produced by the endothelial cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels. tPA activates plasminogen, a zymogen, to convert it into plasmin, a protease that breaks down fibrin, the structural protein in blood clots. This enzyme is used medically as a thrombolytic drug under various brand names, such as Activase and Alteplase, to treat conditions like acute ischemic stroke, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis by dissolving the clots and restoring blood flow.

Retrognathia is a dental and maxillofacial term that refers to a condition where the mandible (lower jaw) is positioned further back than normal, relative to the maxilla (upper jaw). This results in the chin appearing recessed or set back, and can lead to various functional and aesthetic problems. In severe cases, retrognathia can interfere with speaking, chewing, and breathing, and may require orthodontic or surgical intervention for correction.

Orthodontic wires are typically made of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, or other shape memory alloys, and are used in orthodontics to move teeth into the desired position. They are attached to brackets bonded to the teeth and exert a continuous force to align the teeth and correct malocclusions (bites that do not fit together correctly). The wires come in various sizes, shapes, and materials, each with specific properties that make them suitable for different stages of treatment. Some wires are flexible and used during the initial alignment phase, while others are more rigid and used during the finishing phase to achieve precise tooth movements.

An overbite, also known as "malocclusion of class II division 1" in dental terminology, is an orthodontic condition where the upper front teeth excessively overlap the lower front teeth when biting down. This means that the upper incisors are positioned too far forward or the lower incisors are too far back. A slight overbite is considered normal and healthy, as it allows the front teeth to perform their functions properly, such as biting and tearing food. However, a significant overbite can lead to various problems like difficulty in chewing, speaking, and maintaining good oral hygiene. It may also cause wear and tear on the teeth, jaw pain, or even contribute to temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or aligners, is often recommended to correct a severe overbite and restore proper bite alignment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Household Articles" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to items or goods used in a household for everyday activities, such as cleaning supplies, dishes, furniture, and personal care products. However, in a medical context, it may refer to items that are commonly found in a household and could potentially pose a risk for injury or illness, such as medications, sharp objects, or cleaning products. It's always important to keep these items out of reach of children and pets, and to follow proper safety guidelines when using them.

The term "vertical dimension" is used in dentistry, specifically in the field of prosthodontics, to refer to the measurement of the distance between two specific points in the vertical direction when the jaw is closed. The most common measurement is the "vertical dimension of occlusion," which is the distance between the upper and lower teeth when the jaw is in a balanced and comfortable position during resting closure.

The vertical dimension is an important consideration in the design and fabrication of dental restorations, such as dentures or dental crowns, to ensure proper function, comfort, and aesthetics. Changes in the vertical dimension can occur due to various factors, including tooth loss, jaw joint disorders, or muscle imbalances, which may require correction through dental treatment.

In the context of dentistry, a molar is a type of tooth found in the back of the mouth. They are larger and wider than other types of teeth, such as incisors or canines, and have a flat biting surface with multiple cusps. Molars are primarily used for grinding and chewing food into smaller pieces that are easier to swallow. Humans typically have twelve molars in total, including the four wisdom teeth.

In medical terminology outside of dentistry, "molar" can also refer to a unit of mass in the apothecaries' system of measurement, which is equivalent to 4.08 grams. However, this usage is less common and not related to dental or medical anatomy.

Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is a protein involved in the regulation of fibrinolysis, which is the body's natural process of breaking down blood clots. PAI-1 inhibits tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), two enzymes that convert plasminogen to plasmin, which degrades fibrin clots. Therefore, PAI-1 acts as a natural antagonist of the fibrinolytic system, promoting clot formation and stability. Increased levels of PAI-1 have been associated with thrombotic disorders, such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a serine protease enzyme that plays a crucial role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix and cell migration. It catalyzes the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin, which then breaks down various proteins in the extracellular matrix, leading to tissue remodeling and repair.

uPA is synthesized as a single-chain molecule, pro-uPA, which is activated by cleavage into two chains, forming the mature and active enzyme. uPA binds to its specific receptor, uPAR, on the cell surface, where it exerts its proteolytic activity.

Abnormal regulation of uPA and uPAR has been implicated in various pathological conditions, including cancer, where they contribute to tumor invasion and metastasis. Therefore, uPA is a potential target for therapeutic intervention in cancer and other diseases associated with excessive extracellular matrix degradation.

Malocclusion is a term used in dentistry and orthodontics to describe a misalignment or misrelation between the upper and lower teeth when they come together, also known as the bite. It is derived from the Latin words "mal" meaning bad or wrong, and "occludere" meaning to close.

There are different types of malocclusions, including:

1. Class I malocclusion: The most common type, where the upper teeth slightly overlap the lower teeth, but the bite is otherwise aligned.
2. Class II malocclusion (overbite): The upper teeth significantly overlap the lower teeth, causing a horizontal or vertical discrepancy between the dental arches.
3. Class III malocclusion (underbite): The lower teeth protrude beyond the upper teeth, resulting in a crossbite or underbite.

Malocclusions can be caused by various factors such as genetics, thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, premature loss of primary or permanent teeth, and jaw injuries or disorders. They may lead to several oral health issues, including tooth decay, gum disease, difficulty chewing or speaking, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Treatment for malocclusions typically involves orthodontic appliances like braces, aligners, or retainers to realign the teeth and correct the bite. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary.

An incisor is a type of tooth that is primarily designed for biting off food pieces rather than chewing or grinding. They are typically chisel-shaped, flat, and have a sharp cutting edge. In humans, there are eight incisors - four on the upper jaw and four on the lower jaw, located at the front of the mouth. Other animals such as dogs, cats, and rodents also have incisors that they use for different purposes like tearing or gnawing.

Dental models are replicas of a patient's teeth and surrounding oral structures, used in dental practice and education. They are typically created using plaster or other materials that harden to accurately reproduce the shape and position of each tooth, as well as the contours of the gums and palate. Dental models may be used for a variety of purposes, including treatment planning, creating custom-fitted dental appliances, and teaching dental students about oral anatomy and various dental procedures. They provide a tactile and visual representation that can aid in understanding and communication between dentists, patients, and other dental professionals.

Dental occlusion, centric refers to the alignment and contact of the opposing teeth when the jaw is closed in a neutral position, specifically with the mandible (lower jaw) positioned in maximum intercuspation. This means that all teeth are in full contact with their corresponding teeth in the opposite jaw, and the condyles of the mandible are seated in the most posterior portion of the glenoid fossae (the sockets in the skull where the mandible articulates). Centric occlusion is an important concept in dentistry as it serves as a reference point for establishing proper bite relationships during restorative dental treatment.

Orthodontic retainers are dental appliances that are custom-made and used after orthodontic treatment (such as braces) to help maintain the new position of teeth. They can be fixed or removable and are designed to keep the teeth in place while the surrounding gums and bones stabilize in their new positions. Retainers play a crucial role in preserving the investment made during orthodontic treatment, preventing the teeth from shifting back to their original positions.

Maxillofacial development refers to the growth and formation of the bones, muscles, and soft tissues that make up the face and jaw (maxillofacial region). This process begins in utero and continues throughout childhood and adolescence. It involves the coordinated growth and development of multiple structures, including the upper and lower jaws (maxilla and mandible), facial bones, teeth, muscles, and nerves.

Abnormalities in maxillofacial development can result in a range of conditions, such as cleft lip and palate, jaw deformities, and craniofacial syndromes. These conditions may affect a person's appearance, speech, chewing, and breathing, and may require medical or surgical intervention to correct.

Healthcare professionals involved in the diagnosis and treatment of maxillofacial developmental disorders include oral and maxillofacial surgeons, orthodontists, pediatricians, geneticists, and other specialists.

Mixed dentition is a stage of dental development in which both primary (deciduous) teeth and permanent teeth are present in the mouth. This phase typically begins when the first permanent molars erupt, around the age of 6, and continues until all of the primary teeth have been replaced by permanent teeth, usually around the age of 12-13.

During this stage, a person will have a mix of smaller, temporary teeth and larger, more durable permanent teeth. Proper care and management of mixed dentition is essential for maintaining good oral health, as it can help to prevent issues such as crowding, misalignment, and decay. Regular dental check-ups and proper brushing and flossing techniques are crucial during this stage to ensure the best possible outcomes for long-term oral health.

Orthodontic brackets are small square attachments that are bonded to the teeth or bands that are attached to the back molars. They have a slot in which the orthodontic archwire fits and is held in place. The bracket can be made of stainless steel, ceramic, plastic or a combination of these materials. They play an essential role in moving the teeth into the desired position during orthodontic treatment.

The dental arch refers to the curved shape formed by the upper or lower teeth when they come together. The dental arch follows the curve of the jaw and is important for proper bite alignment and overall oral health. The dental arches are typically described as having a U-shaped appearance, with the front teeth forming a narrower section and the back teeth forming a wider section. The shape and size of the dental arch can vary from person to person, and any significant deviations from the typical shape or size may indicate an underlying orthodontic issue that requires treatment.

A bicuspid valve, also known as a mitral valve in the heart, is a heart valve that has two leaflets or cusps. It lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle and helps to regulate blood flow between these two chambers of the heart. In a healthy heart, the bicuspid valve opens to allow blood to flow from the left atrium into the left ventricle and closes tightly to prevent blood from flowing back into the left atrium during contraction of the ventricle.

A congenital heart defect known as a bicuspid aortic valve occurs when the aortic valve, which normally has three leaflets or cusps, only has two. This can lead to narrowing of the valve (aortic stenosis) or leakage of the valve (aortic regurgitation), which can cause symptoms and may require medical treatment.

Interceptive orthodontics refers to a branch of orthodontics that focuses on the early interception and treatment of dental or oral issues in children, typically between the ages of 6 and 10. The goal of interceptive orthodontics is to correct developing problems before they become more serious and require extensive treatment in the future.

Interceptive orthodontic treatments may include the use of appliances such as space maintainers, palatal expanders, or partial braces to guide the growth and development of the teeth and jaws. These treatments can help to:

* Create more space for crowded teeth
* Correct bite problems
* Improve facial symmetry
* Guide jaw growth and development
* Reduce the risk of tooth damage due to thumb sucking or tongue thrusting habits

By addressing these issues early on, interceptive orthodontics can help to prevent more extensive and costly treatments later in life. It is important to note that not all children will require interceptive orthodontic treatment, and a thorough evaluation by an orthodontist is necessary to determine the most appropriate course of action for each individual case.

The facial bones, also known as the facial skeleton, are a series of bones that make up the framework of the face. They include:

1. Frontal bone: This bone forms the forehead and the upper part of the eye sockets.
2. Nasal bones: These two thin bones form the bridge of the nose.
3. Maxilla bones: These are the largest bones in the facial skeleton, forming the upper jaw, the bottom of the eye sockets, and the sides of the nose. They also contain the upper teeth.
4. Zygomatic bones (cheekbones): These bones form the cheekbones and the outer part of the eye sockets.
5. Palatine bones: These bones form the back part of the roof of the mouth, the side walls of the nasal cavity, and contribute to the formation of the eye socket.
6. Inferior nasal conchae: These are thin, curved bones that form the lateral walls of the nasal cavity and help to filter and humidify air as it passes through the nose.
7. Lacrimal bones: These are the smallest bones in the skull, located at the inner corner of the eye socket, and help to form the tear duct.
8. Mandible (lower jaw): This is the only bone in the facial skeleton that can move. It holds the lower teeth and forms the chin.

These bones work together to protect vital structures such as the eyes, brain, and nasal passages, while also providing attachment points for muscles that control chewing, expression, and other facial movements.

"Mesial movement of teeth" is a dental term that refers to the natural drifting or shifting of teeth in a forward direction towards the front of the mouth. This movement typically occurs over time and can be influenced by various factors such as:

* The loss of adjacent teeth, which can create space for other teeth to move into
* Oral habits like thumb sucking or tongue thrusting
* Periodontal disease that weakens the supporting structures of the teeth
* Malocclusion or misalignment of teeth

It is essential to monitor and manage mesial movement of teeth to prevent dental issues such as crowding, malocclusion, and periodontal problems. Dental professionals may use various treatments, including orthodontic appliances, space maintainers, or restorations, to address this issue.

Dental alloys are materials made by combining two or more metals to be used in dental restorations, such as crowns, bridges, fillings, and orthodontic appliances. These alloys can be classified into three main categories based on their composition:

1. Precious Alloys: Predominantly composed of precious metals like gold, platinum, palladium, and silver. They are highly corrosion-resistant, biocompatible, and durable, making them suitable for long-term use in dental restorations. Common examples include high noble (gold) alloys and noble alloys.
2. Base Metal Alloys: Contain primarily non-precious metals like nickel, chromium, cobalt, and beryllium. They are more affordable than precious alloys but may cause allergic reactions or sensitivities in some patients. Common examples include nickel-chromium alloys and cobalt-chromium alloys.
3. Castable Glass Ionomer Alloys: A combination of glass ionomer cement (GIC) powder and metal liquid, which can be cast into various dental restorations. They have the advantage of being both strong and adhesive to tooth structure but may not be as durable as other alloy types.

Each type of dental alloy has its unique properties and applications, depending on the specific clinical situation and patient needs. Dental professionals consider factors like cost, biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and esthetics when selecting an appropriate alloy for a dental restoration.

Malocclusion, Angle Class III is a type of orthodontic problem characterized by a misalignment of the teeth and jaws. This classification was first described by Edward Angle, an American dentist who is considered the father of modern orthodontics. In Class III malocclusion, the lower jaw (mandible) protrudes forward beyond the upper jaw (maxilla), resulting in a misaligned bite.

In this condition, the lower front teeth are positioned in front of the upper front teeth when the jaws are closed. This can lead to various dental and skeletal problems, such as abnormal tooth wear, difficulty in chewing and speaking, and aesthetic concerns. Class III malocclusion can be mild, moderate, or severe and may require orthodontic treatment, including braces, appliances, or even surgery, to correct the problem.

Malocclusion, Angle Class I is a type of dental malocclusion where the misalignment of teeth is not severe enough to affect the overall function or appearance of the bite significantly. Named after Edward Angle, the founder of modern orthodontics, this classification indicates that the mesiobuccal cusp of the upper first molar is aligned with the buccal groove of the lower first molar. Although the bite appears normal, there might be crowding, spacing, or rotations present in the teeth, which can lead to aesthetic concerns and potential periodontal issues if left untreated.

Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. This involves correcting teeth that are improperly positioned, often using braces or other appliances to move them into the correct position over time. The goal of orthodontic treatment is to create a healthy, functional bite and improve the appearance of the teeth and face.

Orthodontists are dental specialists who have completed additional training beyond dental school in order to become experts in this field. They use various techniques and tools, such as X-rays, models of the teeth, and computer imaging, to assess and plan treatment for each individual patient. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the specific needs and goals of the patient.

Orthodontic treatment can be beneficial for people of all ages, although it is most commonly started during childhood or adolescence when the teeth and jaws are still growing and developing. However, more and more adults are also seeking orthodontic treatment to improve their smile and oral health.

Dental occlusion refers to the alignment and contact between the upper and lower teeth when the jaws are closed. It is the relationship between the maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) teeth when they approach each other, as occurs during chewing or biting.

A proper dental occlusion, also known as a balanced occlusion, ensures that the teeth and jaw joints function harmoniously, reducing the risk of tooth wear, damage, and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Malocclusion, on the other hand, refers to improper alignment or contact between the upper and lower teeth, which may require orthodontic treatment or dental restorations to correct.

Jaw fixation techniques, also known as maxillomandibular fixation (MMF), are procedures used in dental and oral surgery to hold the jaw in a specific position. This is typically done by wiring the upper and lower teeth together or using elastic bands and other devices to keep the jaws aligned. The technique is often used after surgical procedures on the jaw, such as corrective jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery) or fracture repair, to help promote proper healing and alignment of the bones. It may also be used in the management of temporomandibular joint disorders or other conditions affecting the jaw. The duration of jaw fixation can vary depending on the specific procedure and individual patient needs, but it typically lasts several weeks.

Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptors (uPAR) are a type of cell surface receptor that play a role in several biological processes including cell migration, tissue remodeling, and angiogenesis. They bind to urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), a serine protease that converts plasminogen to plasmin, leading to the degradation of extracellular matrix components.

The interaction between uPAR and uPA plays a crucial role in various physiological processes such as wound healing and tissue repair, but it has also been implicated in several pathological conditions, including cancer, where it contributes to tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The regulation of uPAR expression and activity is therefore an important area of research for the development of new therapeutic strategies.

In medical terms, a "lip" refers to the thin edge or border of an organ or other biological structure. However, when people commonly refer to "the lip," they are usually talking about the lips on the face, which are part of the oral cavity. The lips are a pair of soft, fleshy tissues that surround the mouth and play a crucial role in various functions such as speaking, eating, drinking, and expressing emotions.

The lips are made up of several layers, including skin, muscle, blood vessels, nerves, and mucous membrane. The outer surface of the lips is covered by skin, while the inner surface is lined with a moist mucous membrane. The muscles that make up the lips allow for movements such as pursing, puckering, and smiling.

The lips also contain numerous sensory receptors that help detect touch, temperature, pain, and other stimuli. Additionally, they play a vital role in protecting the oral cavity from external irritants and pathogens, helping to keep the mouth clean and healthy.

Plasminogen activators are a group of enzymes that play a crucial role in the body's fibrinolytic system, which is responsible for breaking down and removing blood clots. These enzymes activate plasminogen, a zymogen (inactive precursor) found in circulation, converting it into plasmin - a protease that degrades fibrin, the insoluble protein mesh that forms the structural basis of a blood clot.

There are two main types of plasminogen activators:

1. Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA): This is a serine protease primarily produced by endothelial cells lining blood vessels. tPA has a higher affinity for fibrin-bound plasminogen and is therefore more specific in activating plasmin at the site of a clot, helping to localize fibrinolysis and minimize bleeding risks.
2. Urokinase Plasminogen Activator (uPA): This is another serine protease found in various tissues and body fluids, including urine. uPA can be produced by different cell types, such as macrophages and fibroblasts. Unlike tPA, uPA does not have a strong preference for fibrin-bound plasminogen and can activate plasminogen in a more general manner, which might contribute to its role in processes like tissue remodeling and cancer progression.

Plasminogen activators are essential for maintaining vascular homeostasis by ensuring the proper removal of blood clots and preventing excessive fibrin accumulation. They have also been implicated in various pathological conditions, including thrombosis, hemorrhage, and tumor metastasis.

Orthodontic anchorage procedures refer to the methods and techniques used in orthodontics to achieve stable, controlled movement of teeth during treatment. The term "anchorage" describes the point of stability around which other teeth are moved.

There are two main types of anchorage: absolute and relative. Absolute anchorage is when the force applied to move teeth does not cause any unwanted movement in the area providing stability. Relative anchorage is when some degree of reciprocal movement is expected in the area providing stability.

Orthodontic appliances, such as mini-screws, palatal implants, and headgear, are often used to provide additional anchorage reinforcement. These devices help control the direction and magnitude of forces applied during treatment, ensuring predictable tooth movement and maintaining proper alignment and occlusion (bite).

In summary, orthodontic anchorage procedures involve the strategic use of various appliances and techniques to establish a stable foundation for moving teeth during orthodontic treatment. This helps ensure optimal treatment outcomes and long-term stability of the dentition.

Root resorption is a process that occurs when the body's own cells, called odontoclasts, break down and destroy the hard tissue of the tooth root. This can occur as a result of various factors such as trauma, infection, or orthodontic treatment. In some cases, it may be a normal part of the tooth development and eruption process in children. However, excessive or pathological root resorption can lead to weakening and loss of the tooth. It is often asymptomatic and discovered during routine dental x-rays.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Stainless Steel" is not a medical term. It is a type of steel that contains at least 10.5% chromium content by mass, and usually contains nickel as well. The chromium forms a passive film that protects the metal from corrosion and staining. Stainless steel is widely used in various industries including medicine, for example, in medical equipment and surgical instruments due to its resistance to rust and corrosion.

The dental plaque index (DPI) is a clinical measurement used in dentistry to assess the amount of dental plaque accumulation on a person's teeth. It was first introduced by Silness and Löe in 1964 as a method to standardize the assessment of oral hygiene and the effectiveness of oral hygiene interventions.

The DPI is based on a visual examination of the amount of plaque present on four surfaces of the teeth, including the buccal (cheek-facing) and lingual (tongue-facing) surfaces of both upper and lower first molars and upper and lower incisors. The examiner assigns a score from 0 to 3 for each surface, with higher scores indicating greater plaque accumulation:

* Score 0: No plaque detected, even after probing the area with a dental explorer.
* Score 1: Plaque detected by visual examination and/or probing but is not visible when the area is gently dried with air.
* Score 2: Moderate accumulation of soft deposits that are visible upon visual examination before air drying, but which can be removed by scraping with a dental explorer.
* Score 3: Abundant soft matter, visible upon visual examination before air drying and not easily removable with a dental explorer.

The DPI is calculated as the average score of all surfaces examined, providing an overall measure of plaque accumulation in the mouth. It can be used to monitor changes in oral hygiene over time or to evaluate the effectiveness of different oral hygiene interventions. However, it should be noted that the DPI has limitations and may not accurately reflect the presence of bacterial biofilms or the risk of dental caries and gum disease.

Dental esthetics refers to the branch of dentistry concerned with the aesthetic appearance of teeth and smile. It involves the use of various dental treatments and procedures to improve the color, shape, alignment, and position of teeth, thereby enhancing the overall facial appearance and self-confidence of a person. Some common dental esthetic treatments include tooth whitening, dental veneers, composite bonding, orthodontic treatment (braces), and dental implants. It is important to note that dental esthetics not only focuses on improving the appearance but also maintaining or improving oral health and function.

The mandibular condyle is a part of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the human body. It is a rounded eminence at the end of the mandible (lower jawbone) that articulates with the glenoid fossa of the temporal bone in the skull, allowing for movements such as opening and closing the mouth, chewing, speaking, and swallowing. The mandibular condyle has both a fibrocartilaginous articular surface and a synovial joint capsule surrounding it, which provides protection and lubrication during these movements.

Herren modified the Activator appliance by including clasps on the appliance. He stated that the clasps allowed the activator ... Schwarz modified the original activator appliance by making activator a two part appliance and connecting it with elastic bow. ... The original activator was tooth-borne, passive appliance which was indicated to be loose-fitting. Activator appliance was ... This type of activator was designed by Muhlemann and refined by Hotz. This appliance is sometimes known as the hybrid appliance ...
... preformed activators/positioners H-Activator Klammt Activator LM-Activator LSU Activator V-Activator Schwarz Activator Medium ... Schwarz Double Plate Activator appliance Split Activator (Bow activator) Eschler's Modification Harvold - Woodside Activator ... In the 1950s, Wilhem Balters modified Andersen's Activator appliance and gave the new appliance the name Bionator Appliance, ... Twin-Block Appliance Frankel II Mono-Bloc Appliance Rickonator Dynamax Appliance R-Appliance Anterior Inclined Bite Plate (AIBP ...
The appliance was opposite to the Bionator appliance and Activator appliance. It was developed by Rolf Fränkel in Germany in ... In his practice, Fränkel had used the activator functional appliance and experienced mixed results with this appliance. He ... Frankel appliance or Frankel Functional Regulator is an orthodontic functional appliance which was developed by Rolf Fränkel in ... He achieved that through development of functional regulator appliances. These appliances allowed him to train and reprogram ...
The splint activator is a rather exotic appliance, albeit in recent times, the Trainer for Kids (T4K) made by the Australian ... The splint activator of Soulet-Besombes is a removable appliance for the treatment of dental and jaw anomalies. It is basically ... The appliance sits passively between the upper and lower jaw, and does not exercise any force by itself to the teeth. When the ... When the appliance is worn, the lower jaw is positioned into Angle class 1 relation towards the upper jaw. This is supposed to ...
Fränkel had used the activator functional appliance and experienced mixed results with this appliance. He believed that a ... He achieved that through development of functional regulator appliances. These appliances allowed him to train and reprogram ... James McNamara, Jr., on the Fränkel Appliance, Part 1: Biological Basis and Appliance Design". JCO. Retrieved 21 December 2015 ... Fraenkel appliances were never used in practice among orthodontists, except in Eastern Germany in the seventies and eighties of ...
A number of German appliances, such as the Herbst appliance in 1934, the Bionator appliance in the 1950s and the Functional ... This was followed by the first functional device for growth modification, the Andresen Activator, in Norway in 1908. ... against which other appliances should be tested. When compared to other functional appliances, the Twin Block appliance was ... The Twin Block appliance has been used in most studies evaluating functional appliance treatment as it is considered to be the ...
His appliance came to known as the "Elastic Oral Adaptor" or the "Bimler Appliance". Activator appliance List of Orthodontic ... Hans worked with the Activator appliance in his father's office. He did not like the rigidity and the bulkiness of this ... The Bimler appliance". Transactions. European Orthodontic Society: 451-456. PMID 4533658. Nord, Vernon A. The Bimler Appliance ... and Hans ended up using an appliance which allowed the rest of the mandible to be inserted into the appliance. This eventually ...
Different types of removable appliances include Activator, Bionatar, Medium opening activator, Herbst, Frankel and twin block ... Fixed appliance is required before, during and after surgery. Upper Removable Appliance - limited role in contemporary ... Other treatment options for patients who are still growing include functional appliances and headgear appliances. Identifying ... One treatment option is the use of growth modification appliances such as the Chin Cap which has greatly improved the skeletal ...
His double active plate tried to combine the effect of an activator appliance and dental plates by creating two separate plates ... His appliance later served as a basis for the development of the Twin Block Appliance, which promotes growth of the lower jaw, ... "Removable orthodontic appliances by Schwarz, Artur Martin: Saunders, Philadelphia hardcover - Better World Books". www.abebooks ... These double plates resembled activators in two pieces. Graber, T. M. (1963-11-01). "Artur Martin Schwarz (1887-1963)". ...
Bonding of orthodontic brackets to teeth is crucial to enable effective treatment with fixed appliances. There is no clear ... without the separate activators); c) Can be used for both direct and indirect substrates; d) Can bond to all dental substrates ...
... activator appliances MeSH E06.658.453.578 - orthodontic appliances, removable MeSH E06.658.453.578.100 - activator appliances ... orthodontic appliance design MeSH E06.658.453 - orthodontic appliances MeSH E06.658.453.510 - occlusal splints MeSH E06.658. ... orthodontic appliance design MeSH E06.931.325 - dental cavity preparation MeSH E06.931.625 - root canal preparation MeSH ... MeSH E06.658.453.578.360 - extraoral traction appliances MeSH E06.658.453.590 - orthodontic brackets MeSH E06.658.453.637 - ...
... as European Orthodontists believed in using functional appliances such as Activator appliance with patient's malocclusions.[ ... In 1929, stainless steel was introduced for the use of making appliances. This was the first material that truly replaced the ... "Initial arch wires used in orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 7: ... also had better formability and can be readily used to be soldered and welded for fabrication of complex orthodontic appliances ...
... a method of spinal adjustment Activator appliance, an orthodontic functional appliance Activate (disambiguation) Activation ... Look up activator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Activator may refer to: Activator (genetics), a DNA-binding protein that ... a type of dopant used in phosphors and scintillators Enzyme activator, a type of effector that increases the rate of enzyme ... mediated reactions Sega Activator, a motion-sensing controller for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis Activator technique, ...
A myriad of other functional appliance have been invented including the standard activator, the medium opening activator (MOA ... This metal appliance is often worn at the same time as braces. Twin block appliance: The twin block appliance is a removable ... Begg lightwire appliances Pre-adjusted edgewise appliances Self-ligating edgewise appliances Bi helix Tri helix Quad helix ... Various functional appliances have been described. There is a List of Orthodontic Functional Appliances. Functional appliances ...
Jarabak, Joseph R.; Fizzell, James A. (1972). Technique and treatment with light-wire edgewise appliances. C. V. Mosby Co. ISBN ... Harvold, Egil P. (1974). The activator in interceptive orthodontics. C. V. Mosby Co. ISBN 9780801620942. Burstone, C. J.; James ... Woodside, Donald G. (1975-09-01). "The activator in interceptive orthodontics". American Journal of Orthodontics. 68 (3): 343. ...
Sniper Rifle Components STINGER Composite Coolant Reservoir Assembly STINGER Composite Launch Tube STINGER Gyro Activator ... Optical fine film Coating Oxygen and Nitrogen Gases Production Prisms Rack Mountable Pc Chassis Racks and Its Appliances ... Prevention Software and Hardware Labris Server Load Balancing Software and Hardware Labris L1-L8 Network Security Appliances ... Prevention Software and Hardware Labris Server Load Balancing Software and Hardware Labris L1-L8 Network Security Appliances ...
As an activator of the sympathetic nervous system, nicotine can cause light-headedness or dizziness, headache, and increased ... However, nicotine gum may exacerbate poor dentition and may not be compatible with dental appliances such as dentures, bridges ...
Ülgen, M.: Activator and Headgear Combination Treatment of the Angle Class II Division 1 Cases and Trimming of the Activator ... Fıratlı, S. and Ülgen M.: The Effects of the FR-3 Appliance on the Transversal Direction. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop 110: ... Ülgen, M. and Schmuth, G.P.F. : Effects of Activator Therapy on the Angle Class II Division 1 Malocclusions, German Journal of ... Ülgen, M.: Investigation of the Activator Treatment Effects on the Dentofacial Skeleton of the Angle Class II Division 1 Cases ...
Radium emanation activators, apparatuses that would apply radium emanation to water, started being produced and marketed. ... One item, called "Degnen's Radio-Active Eye Applicator" manufactured by the Radium Appliance Company of Los Angeles, California ... Many products which imitated emanation activators were more broadly marketed to the public. One such product was the Revigator ...
Wireless activators are common during construction. When a fire pull station or call point is activated, codes usually require ... Turning the switch one way causes the notification appliances to sound continuous (or in the case of single-stroke bells, ding ...
... properties and appliance". Ginekologia Polska. 87 (9): 669-674. doi:10.5603/gp.2016.0064. PMID 27723076. Cate RL, Mattaliano RJ ... factor GATA-4 is expressed in a sexually dimorphic pattern during mouse gonadal development and is a potent activator of the ...
These various agencies plan to regulate silver nanoparticles in appliances. These washing machines are some of the first cases ... 8 nm nanocrystalline silver particles were modified by the addition of trans-activating transcriptional activator (TAT), ... The nanoparticles in these appliances are synthesized using electrolysis. Through electrolysis, silver is extracted from metal ...
OpenCall and Service Activator Note: Aruba Networks was acquired by the Hewlett-Packard Company before demerger and was ... the developer of the OmniCube hyper-converged infrastructure appliance, for US$650M. In April 2017, Hewlett Packard Enterprise ...
Acrylics are used in the fabrication of dentures, artificial teeth, impression trays, maxillofacial / orthodontic appliances ... Light-activated versions are also available; these contain polymerzation activators, hydroexyethyl methacrylate, dimethacrylate ... photo-activator and initiator, and hydrophilic monomers. The filler decreases the proportion of resin and increases the ...
Zap1, also known as Csr1 and Sur1 (zinc-responsive activator protein), is a transcription factor which is required for the ... but not in healthy young individuals who use intraoral orthodontic acrylic appliances. To infect host tissue, the usual ...
The cultures were never used for a beauty product but were simply ground up and resold to further investors as activators. 1600 ... of Japan, which allowed him to purchase electronics and appliances as a distributor and then resell them for a profit to ... Subscribers to the scheme bought a supposedly biological substance called an "activator", that was used to grow cultures in ...
By the 1960s, all homes were wired with electricity and had numerous electrical appliances. Cotton had been the dominant ... Watson CS, Bulayeva NN, Wozniak AL, Alyea RA (February 2007). "Xenoestrogens are potent activators of nongenomic estrogenic ...
Oxidative bleach response using a non-phosphate reference detergent incorporating a low temperature bleach activator ISO 105- ... for chain hoists and other lifting appliances [Withdrawn without replacement] ISO 1837:2003 Lifting hooks - Nomenclature ISO ... domestic and commercial laundering using a non-phosphate reference detergent incorporating a low-temperature bleach activator ...
Herren modified the Activator appliance by including clasps on the appliance. He stated that the clasps allowed the activator ... Schwarz modified the original activator appliance by making activator a two part appliance and connecting it with elastic bow. ... The original activator was tooth-borne, passive appliance which was indicated to be loose-fitting. Activator appliance was ... This type of activator was designed by Muhlemann and refined by Hotz. This appliance is sometimes known as the hybrid appliance ...
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OBrien K, Wright J, Conboy F et al. Early treatment for Class II Division 1 malocclusion with the Twin-block appliance: a ... More recently, another RCT based in Sweden has investigated the effects of early headgear-activator treatment in Class II ... OBrien K, Wright J, Conboy F et al. Effectiveness of early orthodontic treatment with the Twin-block appliance: a multicentre ... Treatment of a nine-year-old girl with a significant overjet in the mixed dentition with a twin-block functional appliance. ...
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  • Functional appliances are orthodontic appliances that utilize the forces of orofacial musculature and the modification of growth to correct malocclusion via varying amounts of dental and skeletal effects. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Functional appliances are used to correct moderate Class II malocclusion by enhancing mandibular growth of growing children. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • We know that there is a limited advantage in providing early functional appliance treatment for Class II malocclusion. (kevinobrienorthoblog.com)
  • Stamenković Z, Raičković V, Ristić V. Changes in Soft Tissue Profile Using Functional Appliances in the Treatment of Skeletal Class II Malocclusion. (medicinskarec.com)
  • The purpose was to investigate the amount of skeletal and dentoalveolar changes after early treatment of Class II, Division 1 malocclusion with bionator appliance in prepubertal growing patients. (bvsalud.org)
  • activator appliances, malocclusion, cephalometry. (bvsalud.org)
  • The aims of this study were to 1) evaluate the objective success rate of Class II malocclusion treatment with functional appliances five years after completion of treatment and 2) to compare the remaining objective treatment need with an untreated control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • Cephalometric effects of Twin-block and van Beek Headgear-Activator in the correction of Class II malocclusion. (bvsalud.org)
  • The Twin -block (TB) and the van Beek Headgear-Activator (vBHGA) are indicated for patients with Class II malocclusion with a retrognathic mandible . (bvsalud.org)
  • Both appliances produced similar modest AP skeletal changes that, together with dentoalveolar compensations, were able to correct the Class II malocclusion regardless of growth pattern. (bvsalud.org)
  • Activator Appliance is an Orthodontics appliance that was developed by Viggo Andresen in 1908. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colorful functional appliances, orthodontic devices for growth management: each removable appliance for children and teens is custom-made from plastic directly at Orthodontics Berlin Mitte. (kieferorthopaede-berlin.de)
  • The use of functional appliances is a key feature of interceptive orthodontics. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • Other appliances used in interceptive orthodontics include palatal expanders and headgear. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • The original activator was tooth-borne, passive appliance which was indicated to be loose-fitting. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can also be classified as passive tooth-borne appliances (Activator, Bionator, Herbst appliance, Twin Block appliance), tissue-borne appliances (Frankel appliance), and active tooth-borne appliances (modifications of Activator and Bionator). (myhealth.gov.my)
  • They can be categorized into removable functional appliances (Activator, Bionator, Frankel appliance, Twin Block appliance) or fixed functional appliances (Herbst appliance). (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Panchez H, Anehus-Pancherz M. The headgear effect of the Herbst appliance: a cephalometric long-term study. (medicinskarec.com)
  • Examples of functional appliances include the Activator, Bionator, Twin Block and Herbst appliances. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • The Herbst appliance is generally fixed to the molars (back teeth) on top. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • Because it is non-removable, compliance is not an issue with the Herbst appliance, as it may be with headgear or a removable device. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • however, like many fixed appliances, wearing the Herbst appliance may cause minor discomfort at first. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • Aim: To evaluate the influence of construction bite in the dentoskeletal changes induced by Klammt Appliance. (bvsalud.org)
  • Klammt elastic activator (follows the Bionator). (mondental.com)
  • In addition, an adolescent or adult patient with retrognathic mandible, well aligned maxillary and mandibular dentition were also other indications of this appliance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ideal time for treatment with LM-Activator™ is in early mixed dentition when the first teeth are changing. (lm-activator.com)
  • LM-Activator™ aligns teeth, activates mandibular growth, and expands the arch perimeter in mixed dentition. (lm-activator.com)
  • LM-Trainer™ can be used in deciduous dentition, e.g. before LM-Activator™ treatment. (lm-activator.com)
  • in particular, an increased overall treatment time, the need for prolonged retention of overjet reduction in the mixed dentition before a final phase of fixed appliance treatment once the child enters the permanent dentition and potential loss of compliance over the longer-term ( Fig. 1 ). (nature.com)
  • Treatment of a nine-year-old girl with a significant overjet in the mixed dentition with a twin-block functional appliance. (nature.com)
  • Includes Electrolyzer Appliance with power cord, reusable spray bottle, and 5 recyclable Activator Capsules. (forceofnatureclean.com)
  • Pricing is simply based upon the number of activator capsules you purchase to get started. (mindfulfamilymedicine.com)
  • Once you own the Force of Nature Appliance, additional activator capsules (one capsule makes one bottle of cleaner) cost less than $1 each. (mindfulfamilymedicine.com)
  • The construction bite of Activator can consist of two types: Horizontal (H) Activator and Vertical (V) Activator. (wikipedia.org)
  • LM-Activator™ is suitable for treating excess Overbite or Deep Bite, excess Overjet, Open Bite, Crowding, anterior Crossbite, and Class II or Class II tendency. (lm-activator.com)
  • Patient can be assessed clinically for the suitability of functional appliance therapy: if the profile improves when the patient was asked to posture the mandible forward till incisors edge to edge bite, then the use of functional appliance can be considered. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Conclusions: The different dimensions of the construction bite influence the dentoskeletal changes induced by the appliance in Class II treatment. (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of treatment with functional appliances is to act on the muscles and ligaments, thereby influencing the movement and growth of the lower jaw forward, when it comes to the distal bite. (medicinskarec.com)
  • In the vertical dimension, appliances are used to correct an open or deep bite. (medicinskarec.com)
  • Recently, fixed functional appliances are also used, the advantage of which is that they do not depend on the cooperation of the patient and that they hold the mandible in an anterior position for 24 hours, achieved on the basis of an adequately taken construction bite. (medicinskarec.com)
  • In the production of functional appliances, the most important thing is to take a good construction bite, which determines how the muscle power will be transferred to the tissues, teeth, and jawbone. (medicinskarec.com)
  • While these are the most familiar appliances used in orthodontic treatment, we may also recommend devices called "functional appliances" to help correct more serious bite problems. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • Functional appliances are designed to harness natural forces (such as those produced by muscular activity and jaw growth) to bring the bite into better alignment. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • This type of activator was developed by Hugo Stockfish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viggo Andersen first used this appliance on his daughter's mandibular teeth in the summer of 1908. (wikipedia.org)
  • Activator appliance initially started out as one block of acrylic which fit in both maxillary and mandibular arch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various methods have been developed for mandibular arch expansion,1 including Schwarz plates,2 lip bumpers,3-5 lingual arches, functional appliances,6,7 and archwires. (jco-online.com)
  • In the upper arch, initially the anterior portion is covered from canine to canine, but that was later modified, as seen with appliances such as Bionator Appliance which placed its emphasis on the tongue function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bionator appliance was effective in generating differential growth between the jaws. (bvsalud.org)
  • we provide orthodontic models manikin simulators phantom heads, ligature tying brackets and wire installation techniques, trimming orthodontic models and proud be able provide custom design orthodontic appliances and simulators for dentistry techniques training and education. (buyamag.com)
  • Some of the malocclusions that can be treated with this appliance included Class II Division I, Class II Division II, Class III and Open Bites. (wikipedia.org)
  • This appliance principal use is the correction of the malocclusions . (mondental.com)
  • Microsoft office 2020 crack activator. (webcindario.com)
  • Microsoft Toolkit 2021 Crack for Windows is the house home windows activator for the PC to license the appliance equivalent to Windows in addition to Workplace Activator. (cracka2zsoft.com)
  • He said that the bow allows periodic adjustment of sagittal relationship of activator over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of the appliance corrects and aligns sagittal and vertical relationships simultaneously. (lm-activator.com)
  • To prevent soreness of teeth, patient should be also instructed that the appliance is meant to remind them to posture the mandible forward, not to force the mandible forward with heavy pressure on the teeth. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • AMCOP Bio Activators have a buccal and a lingual flange that leave a free central area in which the teeth are positioned without any kind of constriction. (amcop.info)
  • The activator has limitations regarding the rotation of the canines, premolars and molars, transverse wisdom teeth, mesialized teeth, severe skeletal dysmorphosis and in a condition of generalized mobility of the teeth in an advanced stage. (amcop.info)
  • The effects of functional appliances include dentoalveolar changes and skeletal/orthopaedic changes. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • This report from Drs. Takane, Keluskar, Jaisinghani, Malagan, and Jatti describes the correction of such a relationship, which had resulted in an extreme reverse overbite, in a 25-year-old patient using a simple 2 × 4 appliance. (jco-online.com)
  • depending on what type of correction is needed, a particular type of appliance may be recommended. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • In the transferal dimension, appliances are used to expand the dental arches. (medicinskarec.com)
  • Schwarz modified the original activator appliance by making activator a two part appliance and connecting it with elastic bow. (wikipedia.org)
  • AMCOP Elastic Bio Activators are characterized by a complete range of arch harmonizing devices. (amcop.info)
  • Force of Nature is an appliance that turns tap water , plus a capsule of salt and vinegar into a cleaner, deodorizer and disinfectant as effective as bleach. (mindfulfamilymedicine.com)
  • The initial ingredients that go into the appliance from the capsule are salt, vinegar and water. (cleanbeautique.com)
  • Functional appliances are generally indicated for growing patient, of which dentitions are relatively well-aligned, in mild or moderate skeletal Class II and motivated patients. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Patients treated during the peak period demonstrated significant skeletal effects induced by the appliance, whereas patients treated in the pre-peak or post-peak period produced significant dental changes only. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Most often, mobile functional appliances are used, which consist of special upper and lower parts, such as the Twin block and the "M" block. (medicinskarec.com)
  • Other types of functional devices have been used for many years, they consist of one part and their disadvantage is discomfort for patients and the impossibility of use in the presence of septal deviation or any other airway obstruction (activator and all its modifications, as well as Bionator). (medicinskarec.com)
  • This alcohol soluble appliance blends into your skin taking on your own natural color without the use of makeup. (mostlydead.com)
  • The AMCOP BASIC Bio-Activator is an arch harmonizing device more specifically indicated for deep bites (deep-byte). (amcop.info)
  • ISO 10650-1:2004 specifies requirements and test methods for powered polymerization activators in the blue wavelength region intended for chair-side use in polymerization of dental polymer-based materials. (iso.org)
  • Immediate prefunctional (T1) and postfunctional appliance (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs were retrospectively obtained for vBHGA (n = 46), TB (n = 45), and untreated control (n = 45) groups. (bvsalud.org)
  • Activator appliance was initially indicated in patient's who are growing. (wikipedia.org)
  • You can now download the latest version of Google Nik Collection With Activator from the Crackdown website. (cracksdown.net)
  • Having patient wear the appliance only a short time per day to begin with and increasing this time gradually over the first few weeks is a useful method of introduction. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • When the operator achieved the treatment goals, they asked the patient to wear the appliance at night only for six months. (kevinobrienorthoblog.com)
  • ISO 10650:2015 does not cover powered polymerization activators used in laboratory fabrication of indirect restorations, veneers, dentures, or other oral dental appliances. (iso.org)
  • a person must use Windows Activator to activate their windows to save money, time, and money. (up4crack.com)
  • Simply blend your Opoules in the electrical Activator before applying to clean, dry skin to activate dramatic, transformative results. (currentbody.com)
  • It is the treating dentist's responsibility to motivate the patient to cooperate to the treatment, because as it previously has been shown the treatment with functional appliances is a well-functioning treatment alternative with the cooperation of the patient being sufficient. (diva-portal.org)
  • Forced orthodontic eruption of an impacted tooth can be performed with either fixed or removable appliances. (jco-online.com)
  • Whether you wear a fixed or removable functional appliance, you still need to maintain good oral hygiene during treatment. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • Bionators, activators and functional appliances are all orthodontic devices. (kieferorthopaede-berlin.de)
  • These versatile appliances can be designed to include components like expansion devices, clasps and springs, so they can be customized for an individual's needs. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • This works fine for devices that have a mechanical (pushbutton, slide switch, etc.) activator, like a fan, toy with off/on switch, etc. (rjcooper.com)
  • D-Onecut appears to be a moderate transcriptional activator and functions as a nuclear protein in neuronal tissues of both the CNS and PNS during development and in the adult. (psu.edu)
  • The AMCOP Bio Activators , therefore, act at a specifically cortical level by means of a deep tissue massage provided by the thermoelastic materials. (amcop.info)
  • To be effective, removable functional appliances should be worn at least 12 hours per day. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • All removable functional appliances except Twin Block should be removed while eating. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Records of all listed patients between 18-20 years (n=1054) treated in a general practice were reviewed for the purpose of finding treatments with removable functional appliances. (diva-portal.org)
  • When the jaws are closed together, the two halves of the appliance meet - and the inclined surfaces at the meeting point cause the lower jaw to move forward. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • The plastic and glass surfaces on most small kitchen appliances, such as blenders, coffee makers, and toasters, are safe to clean with vinegar, but you want to avoid any rubber parts or metal that vinegar can corrode. (seniorcare2share.com)
  • The AMCOP INTEGRAL Bio-Activator is a more specifically orthopedic device, stabilizer of the mouth balance, complete with all the necessary elements for a correct function of the whole Dento-Cranio-Facial system. (amcop.info)
  • Windows 11 Activator & Product Key is the best activator ever. (up4crack.com)
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  • Activator pack v the best collection pack of activators updated for all versions of windows and v1. (webcindario.com)
  • Also, these appliances are most effective when used while the jaw is still developing - in other words, around the time of puberty in children, before growth is complete. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • This can usually be alleviated by eating softer foods, rinsing with salt water, and using dental wax, and most people grow accustomed to the appliance in a short time. (ward-orthodontics.com)
  • TV Remote's power) or appliance (e.g. fan, Xmas lights) for that time. (rjcooper.com)
  • That is, when the learner hits his/her switch, the timer behaves so that your toy/appliance (the thing you are trying to control) thinks you are holding the switch down for the period of time that you have set. (rjcooper.com)
  • This was one of the first functional appliances that was developed to correct functional jaw in the early 1900s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Functional appliances are key to success in early orthodontic therapy. (medicinskarec.com)