Activator Appliances: Loose-fitting removable orthodontic appliances which redirect the pressures of the facial and masticatory muscles onto the teeth and their supporting structures to produce improvements in tooth arrangements and occlusal relations.Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)Orthodontic Appliances, Removable: Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Orthodontic Appliances, Functional: Loose, usually removable intra-oral devices which alter the muscle forces against the teeth and craniofacial skeleton. These are dynamic appliances which depend on altered neuromuscular action to effect bony growth and occlusal development. They are usually used in mixed dentition to treat pediatric malocclusions. (ADA, 1992)Extraoral Traction Appliances: Extraoral devices for applying force to the dentition in order to avoid some of the problems in anchorage control met with in intermaxillary traction and to apply force in directions not otherwise possible.Malocclusion, Angle Class II: Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).Mandibular Advancement: Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Movement: Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.Orthodontics, Corrective: The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).Occlusal Splints: Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Palatal Expansion Technique: An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry),Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Tissue Plasminogen Activator: A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.Retrognathia: A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.Overbite: A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Vertical Dimension: The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1: A member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator: A proteolytic enzyme that converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN where the preferential cleavage is between ARGININE and VALINE. It was isolated originally from human URINE, but is found in most tissues of most VERTEBRATES.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Dental Occlusion, Centric: Contact between opposing teeth during a person's habitual bite.Orthodontic Retainers: Orthodontic appliances, fixed or removable, used to maintain teeth in corrected positions during the period of functional adaptation following corrective treatment. These appliances are also used to maintain the positions of the teeth and jaws gained by orthodontic procedures. (From Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p263)Maxillofacial Development: The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Orthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Orthodontics, Interceptive: Recognition and elimination of potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)Mesial Movement of Teeth: Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Malocclusion, Angle Class III: Malocclusion in which the mandible is anterior to the maxilla as reflected by the first relationship of the first permanent molar (mesioclusion).Malocclusion, Angle Class I: Malocclusion in which the mandible and maxilla are anteroposteriorly normal as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (i.e., in neutroclusion), but in which individual teeth are abnormally related to each other.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Jaw Fixation Techniques: The stable placement of surgically induced fractures of the mandible or maxilla through the use of elastics, wire ligatures, arch bars, or other splints. It is used often in the cosmetic surgery of retrognathism and prognathism. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p636)Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator: An extracellular receptor specific for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. It is attached to the cell membrane via a GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL LINKAGE and plays a role in the co-localization of urokinase-type plasminogen activator with PLASMINOGEN.Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.Plasminogen Activators: A heterogeneous group of proteolytic enzymes that convert PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. They are concentrated in the lysosomes of most cells and in the vascular endothelium, particularly in the vessels of the microcirculation.Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures: Attachment of orthodontic devices and materials to the MOUTH area for support and to provide a counterforce to orthodontic forces.Root Resorption: Resorption in which cementum or dentin is lost from the root of a tooth owing to cementoclastic or osteoclastic activity in conditions such as trauma of occlusion or neoplasms. (Dorland, 27th ed)G(M2) Activator Protein: An essential cofactor for the degradation of G(M2)GANGLIOSIDE by lysosomal BETA-N-ACETYLHEXOSAMINIDASES. Genetic mutations resulting in loss of G(M2) activator protein are one of the causes of TAY-SACHS DISEASE, AB VARIANT.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Mandibular Condyle: The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts: a superior part, the articular portion, and an inferior part, the condylar neck.
(1/57) Elastic activator for treatment of open bite.

This article presents a modified activator for treatment of open bite cases. The intermaxillary acrylic of the lateral occlusal zones is replaced by elastic rubber tubes. By stimulating orthopaedic gymnastics (chewing gum effect), the elastic activator intrudes upper and lower posterior teeth. A noticeable counterclockwise rotation of the mandible was accomplished by a decrease of the gonial angle. Besides the simple fabrication of the device and uncomplicated replacement of the elastic rubber tubes, treatment can be started even in mixed dentition when affixing plates may be difficult.  (+info)

(2/57) Class II combination therapy (distal jet and Jasper Jumpers): a case report.

Class II combination therapy is a method that combines orthodontic and orthopedic mechanics in a single stage of treatment. Molar distalization is followed by fixed functional mechanics to reduce the dependence upon patient compliance while seeking more predictable completion of Class II correction.  (+info)

(3/57) Class II correction-reducing patient compliance: a review of the available techniques.

The correction of Class II malocclusions has been hampered by the use of appliances which require the patient to co-operate with headgear, elastics, or the wearing of a removable appliance. 'Non-compliance therapy' involves the use of appliances which minimize the need for such co-operation and attempt to maximize the predictability of results. This article reviews and describes the types of appliances used, and their mode of action-based on the current available research.  (+info)

(4/57) The temporomandibular joint and the disc-condyle relationship after functional orthopaedic treatment: a magnetic resonance imaging study.

Causative correction of Class II skeletal malocclusions may be achieved through bite jumping by various means. Numerous animal experiments have yielded evidence of remodelled temporomandibular structures after mandibular protrusion. However, the mode and extent of structural and/or topographic changes of the disc-condyle relationship after functional orthopaedic treatment is still unresolved. A problem exists in defining the physiological position of the condyles and disc-condyle relationship, which is tentatively determined by various methods particularly in magnetic resonance tomographic studies. Despite the high resolution provided, the results have to be interpreted with caution, as osseous resorption and apposition cannot be assessed by visual evidence. This investigation examined the impact on the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), i.e. the condylar shape and position, and the disc-condyle relationship, of the bionator plus extra-oral traction in combination with vertical elastics. The underlying reactions were studied by means of magnetic resonance images (MRI) obtained from n = 15 successfully treated patients (mean age 11.6 years).  (+info)

(5/57) A comparative study of two mandibular advancement appliances for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea.

Mandibular advancement appliances (MAAs) are accepted as a treatment option for snoring and mild obstructive sleep disorders. In the present clinical study two differently designed devices were examined for their effectiveness in treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The study was based on an assessment of 26 patients with a polysomnographic diagnosis of mild OSA [22 men, four women; mean body mass index 27.3 kg/m2 (SD 3.1); mean age 56.8 years (SD 5.2); mean respiratory disturbance index (RDI): 16.0 events/hour (SD 4.4)]. After insertion of the first MAA and a 6-8-week habituation period, a cardio-respiratory home-sleep study was carried out. Following a 2-3-week period with no treatment, the second appliance was inserted. The sequence of the devices was randomized. Once the patients had become accustomed to the second appliance, another somnographic registration was carried out. Daytime sleepiness, snoring, and sleep quality were assessed subjectively on a visual analogue scale. The results showed that a statistically significant improvement in the respiratory parameters was achieved with both appliances (P < 0.01). However, the activator [RDI: 5.5 events/hour, SD 3.3; apnoea index (AI): 3.4 events/hour, SD 2.1] was significantly more effective (P < 0.01) than the Silencor (RDI, 7.3 events/hour, SD 5.3; AI: 5.8 events/hour, SD 3.2). No difference was recorded in the subjective assessment of the therapeutic effects. Both appliances reduced daytime sleepiness and snoring and improved sleep quality, and both influenced the treatment outcome.  (+info)

(6/57) Effective temporomandibular joint growth and chin position changes: Activator versus Herbst treatment. A cephalometric roentgenographic study.

In 138 successfully treated Class II division 1 patients (40 Activator and 98 Herbst) effective temporomandibular joint (TMJ) growth changes (a summation of condylar remodelling, glenoid fossa remodelling, and condylar position changes within the fossa), and their influence on the position of the chin and the rotation of the mandible were analysed retrospectively. Lateral head films in habitual occlusion from before and after an average treatment period of 2.6 years for the Activator patients and 0.6 years for the Herbst patients were evaluated. Two different treatment changes were assessed: (1) overall growth changes and (2) treatment effects (overall growth changes minus age-related normal growth values: Bolton Standards). The comparison between the Activator and the Herbst group revealed larger effective TMJ and chin changes during Activator therapy due to the longer observation period (2.6 years versus 0.6 years). The treatment effects showed marked group differences for both the amount and direction of effective TMJ changes. The changes were vertical and slightly anterior in the Activator group, and predominantly posterior in the Herbst group. Concerning the chin changes, the treatment effects for the Herbst group exceeded those for the Activator group in both directions, caudally and anteriorly. The Activator group showed an anterior rotation and the Herbst group a slight posterior rotation of the mandible. The present investigation revealed that the effective TMJ and chin changes were increased by both Activator and Herbst treatment. However, the Herbst appliance renders more favourable sagittally orientated treatment effects in a much shorter period of time compared with the Activator.  (+info)

(7/57) The effects of activator treatment on the craniofacial structures of Class II division 1 patients.

The aim of the present study was to clarify the skeletal treatment effects induced by activator treatment. Fifty actively growing patients with Class II division 1 malocclusions were treated with an activator appliance. A control group consisting of longitudinal growth data from 20 patients (untreated Class II division 1 malocclusions) was used to eliminate possible differences in growth pattern. Lateral cephalograms of each patient were taken at the start and end of treatment. Final cephalograms were taken after a mean of 16.4 (+/- 2.0) months activator treatment, compared with a mean of 14.2 (+/- 2.4) months for the control group. Each cephalogram was traced and digitized by the same individual. The mean and standard deviations for linear and angular cephalometric measurements were analysed statistically, and intra- and inter-group changes were evaluated by paired- and independent-sample t-tests. At the end of the study period, the overjet was decreased in all patients. Ramus height, corpus length, anterior and posterior face height all increased significantly (P < 0.05). In the treatment group, ANB angle decreased and the bite was opened. The activator appliance caused maxillary incisor lingual tipping and mandibular incisor labial tipping. The overjet was decreased as a result of the increased forward growth of the mandible and dentoalveolar changes. The results demonstrated that the activator appliance has a characteristic skeletal and dental effect on the developing craniofacial complex.  (+info)

(8/57) Contemporary treatment of a crowded Class II division 1 case.

A 12-year-old Caucasian male presented with a severe Class II division 1 incisor relationship on a mild Skeletal II base with an average maxillary-mandibular planes angle and average lower facial height. Crowding was severe in the upper arch and moderate in the lower arch. Treatment was commenced using Twin Block appliances, and followed by extractions in all four quadrants and fixed appliances. This case illustrates the versatility of the Twin Block appliance in the treatment of those cases exhibiting crowding.  (+info)

*  Activator appliance
Herren modified the Activator appliance by including clasps on the appliance. He stated that the clasps allowed the activator ... Schwarz modified the original activator appliance by making activator a two part appliance and connecting it with elastic bow. ... The original activator was tooth-borne, passive appliance which was indicated to be loose-fitting. Activator appliance was ... This type of activator was designed by Muhlemann and refined by Hotz. This appliance is sometimes known as the hybrid appliance ...
*  List of Orthodontic Functional Appliances
H-Activator Klammt Activator LM-Activator LSU Activator V-Activator Schwarz Activator Medium Opening Activator Expansion and ... Schwarz Double Plate Activator appliance Split Activator (Bow activator) Eschler's Modification Harvold - Woodside Activator ... In 1950s, Wilhem Balters modified Andersen's Activator appliance and gave the new appliance the name Bionator Appliance which ... Twin-Block Appliance Frankel II Mono-Bloc Appliance Rickonator Dynamax Appliance R-Appliance Anterior Inclined Bite Plate (AIBP ...
*  Hans Peter Bimler
His appliance came to known as the "Elastic Oral Adaptor" or the "Bimler Appliance". Activator appliance List of Orthodontic ... Hans worked with the Activator appliance in his father's office. He did not like the rigidity and the bulkiness of this ... The Bimler appliance". Transactions. European Orthodontic Society: 451-456. PMID 4533658. Nord, Vernon A. The Bimler Appliance ... and Hans ended up using an appliance which allowed rest of the mandible to inserted into the appliance. Therefore, this ...
*  Frankel appliance
The appliance was opposite to the Bionator appliance and Activator appliance. It was developed by Rolf Fränkel in Germany in ... In his practice, Fränkel had used the activator functional appliance and experienced mixed results with this appliance. He ... Frankel appliance or Frankel Functional Regulator is an orthodontic functional appliance which was developed by Rolf Frankel in ... He achieved that through development of functional regulator appliances. These appliances allowed him to train and reprogram ...
*  Splint activator
The splint activator is a rather exotic appliance, albeit in recent times, the Trainer for Kids (T4K) made by the Australian ... The splint activator of Soulet-Besombes is a removable appliance for the treatment of dental and jaw anomalies. It is basically ... The appliance sits passively between the upper and lower jaw, and does not exercise any force by itself to the teeth. When the ... When the appliance is worn, the lower jaw is positioned into Angle class 1 relation towards the upper jaw. This is supposed to ...
*  Artur Martin Schwarz
His double active plate tried to combine the effect of an activator appliance and dental plates by creating two separate plates ... His appliance later served as a basis for the development of the Twin Block Appliance, which promotes growth of the lower jaw, ... "Removable orthodontic appliances by Schwarz, Artur Martin: Saunders, Philadelphia hardcover - Better World Books". www.abebooks ... These double plates resembled activators in two pieces. Graber, T. M. (1963-11-01). "Artur Martin Schwarz (1887-1963)". ...
*  Activator
... a method of spinal adjustment Activator appliance, an orthodontic functional appliance. ... Activator may refer to: Activator (genetics), a DNA-binding protein that regulates one or more genes by increasing the rate of ... transcription Activator (phosphor), a type of dopant used in phosphors and scintillators Enzyme activator, a type of effector ... a motion-sensing controller for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis Activator technique, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E06)
... activator appliances MeSH E06.658.453.578 --- orthodontic appliances, removable MeSH E06.658.453.578.100 --- activator ... orthodontic appliance design MeSH E06.658.453 --- orthodontic appliances MeSH E06.658.453.510 --- occlusal splints MeSH E06.658 ... appliances MeSH E06.658.453.578.360 --- extraoral traction appliances MeSH E06.658.453.590 --- orthodontic brackets MeSH ... orthodontic appliance design MeSH E06.931.325 --- dental cavity preparation MeSH E06.931.625 --- root canal preparation MeSH ...
*  Orthodontic archwires
... as European Orthodontists believed in using functional appliances such as Activator appliance with patient's malocclusions. ... In 1929, stainless steel was introduced for the use of making appliances. This was the first material that truly replaced the ... also had better formability and can be readily used to be soldered and welded for fabrication of complex orthodontic appliances ...
*  Rolf Fränkel
Fränkel had used the activator functional appliance and experienced mixed results with this appliance. He believed that a ... He achieved that through development of functional regulator appliances. These appliances allowed him to train and reprogram ... James McNamara, Jr., on the Frankel Appliance, Part 1: Biological Basis and Appliance Design". JCO. Retrieved 21 December 2015 ... Rolf Fränkel (29 March 1908 - 9 September 2001) was a German Orthodontist who is known for developing the Frankel appliance. He ...
*  Bionator appliance
... was created due to the fact that 50 years of use of Activator appliance made it to too bulky for patient's ... This appliance was developed at the same time as the Bimler Appliance which was known as the skeletonize version of Activator ... This appliance was also loose fitting which allowed children to speak normally immediately compared to activator appliance ... Since the volume of the appliance is already reduced from activator, the anchorage of this appliance was a major concern. ...
*  Overjet
A number of German appliances, such as the Herbst appliance in 1934, the Bionator appliance in the 1950s and the Functional ... This was followed by the first functional device for growth modification, the Andresen Activator, in Norway in 1908. ... against which other appliances should be tested. When compared to other functional appliances, the Twin Block appliance was ... The Twin Block appliance has been used in most studies evaluating functional appliance treatment as it is considered to be the ...
*  Orthodontic headgear
Herbst appliances, Wilson appliances, other headgear, hybrid twinblocks, positioner retainers, and jasper jumpers. Many ... headgear vs activator) and different growth patterns". The Angle Orthodontist. 81 (3): 440-446. doi:10.2319/090710-525.1. ISSN ... The appliance normally consists of a frame or a center bars that are strapped to the patient's head during a fitting ... The appliance is typically worn for between 14 and 16 hours a day during this treatment phase. The mask attaches to the ...
*  Orthodontics
Other classes of functional appliances include removable appliances and over the head appliances, and these functional ... Andresen used the activator to stimulate the development of the lower jaw and the lower teeth in growing children ... A posterior crossbite malocclusion may be corrected using the quad helix appliance or removable appliances during the early ... www.bos.org.uk/Public-Patients/Orthodontics-for-Children-Teens/Treatment-brace-types/Removable-appliances/Functional-appliances ...
*  History of radiation therapy
Radium emanation activators, apparatuses that would apply radium emanation to water, started being produced and marketed. ... One item, called "Degnen's Radio-Active Eye Applicator" manufactured by the Radium Appliance Company of Los Angeles, California ... Many products which imitated emanation activators were more broadly marketed to the public. One such product was the Revigator ...
*  Mustafa Ülgen
Ülgen, M.: Activator and Headgear Combination Treatment of the Angle Class II Division 1 Cases and Trimming of the Activator ... Fıratlı, S. and Ülgen M.: The Effects of the FR-3 Appliance on the Transversal Direction. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop 110: ... Ülgen, M. and Schmuth, G.P.F. : Effects of Activator Therapy on the Angle Class II Division 1 Malocclusions, German Journal of ... Ülgen, M.: Investigation of the Activator Treatment Effects on the Dentofacial Skeleton of the Angle Class II Division 1 Cases ...
*  Anti-Müllerian hormone
... properties and appliance". Ginekologia Polska. 87 (9): 669-674. doi:10.5603/gp.2016.0064. ISSN 2543-6767. Cate RL, Mattaliano ... factor GATA-4 is expressed in a sexually dimorphic pattern during mouse gonadal development and is a potent activator of the ...
*  Silver nanoparticle
These various agencies plan to regulate silver nanoparticles in appliances. These washing machines are some of the first cases ... 8 nm nanocrystalline silver particles were modified by the addition of trans-activating transcriptional activator (TAT), ... The nanoparticles in these appliances are synthesized using electrolysis. Through electrolysis, silver is extracted from metal ...
*  Laundry detergent
About.com, Housewares/Appliances, What is HE Laundry Detergent & When are High-Efficiency Detergents Used by Mariette Mifflin ... "Bleach activators" such as tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) may also be used, these react with hydrogen peroxide to produce ...
Mandibular Advancement Devices in 630 Men and Women With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring  Mandibular Advancement Devices in 630 Men and Women With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring
Activator appliances; mandibular advancement; nasal obstruction; sex; sleep apnea syndromes; supine position Identifiers. URN: ...
more infohttp://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:153128
Patent US5474448 - Low profile orthodontic appliance - Google Patents  Patent US5474448 - Low profile orthodontic appliance - Google Patents
For standardized appliances, statistically average anatomy or appliance designs follow the custom appliance design method, ... For standardized appliances, the slot rotation may be provided only in brackets for the upper laterals and the lower cuspids. ... The archwire of the appliance is not parallel to the dental archform but converges toward the archform preferably in the ... The archwire shape is designed in custom appliances by digitizing tooth shape of a patient, calculating ideal finish tooth ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/US5474448
Patent US20050037311 - Dental appliance having an altered vertical thickness between an upper shell ... - Google Patents  Patent US20050037311 - Dental appliance having an altered vertical thickness between an upper shell ... - Google Patents
The dental appliance may have an upper shell and a lower shell which receive upper teeth and lower teeth, respectively, of a ... The dental appliance may have an increased thickness between the upper shell and the lower shell as well as an increased ... The dental appliance may then extend treatment of malocclusions to the rear teeth of the user and may correct a dental ... In an embodiment, the dental appliance may have a decreased vertical thickness and an insertable hinging mechanism. ...
more infohttps://www.google.com.au/patents/US20050037311
Skeletal and Dento-Alveolar effects of the Rick-A-Nator Appliance in Early Stage Correction of Class II Malocclusion  Skeletal and Dento-Alveolar effects of the Rick-A-Nator Appliance in Early Stage Correction of Class II Malocclusion
Conclusions: The Rick-A-Nator appliance was effective in treatment of Class II malocclusion with deficient mandible. ... The aim of the present study was to evaluate the skeletal and dento-alveolar effects of the Rick-A-Nator appliance in the ... Stability of Class II, division 1 treatment with the headgear-activator combination followed by the edgewise appliance. (2004) ... Comparative evaluation of a new removable Jasper Jumper functional appliance vs an activator-headgear combination. (2003) Angle ...
more infohttps://www.ommegaonline.org/article-details/Skeletal-and-Dento-Alveolar-effects-of-the-Rick-A-Nator-Appliance-in-Early-Stage-Correction-of-Class-II-Malocclusion/896
Activator appliance - Wikipedia  Activator appliance - Wikipedia
Herren modified the Activator appliance by including clasps on the appliance. He stated that the clasps allowed the activator ... Schwarz modified the original activator appliance by making activator a two part appliance and connecting it with elastic bow. ... The original activator was tooth-borne, passive appliance which was indicated to be loose-fitting. Activator appliance was ... This type of activator was designed by Muhlemann and refined by Hotz. This appliance is sometimes known as the hybrid appliance ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activator_appliance
Effects From a Mandibular Repositioning Appliance in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring - Full Text View -...  Effects From a Mandibular Repositioning Appliance in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring - Full Text View -...
Activator appliances. Disorders of excessive somnolence. Blood pressure. Inflammation. Oxidative stress. Hormones. Markers of ... Adjustable mandibular repositioning appliance. Device: Mandibular repositioning appliance, adjustable Comparison between ... Device: Mandibular repositioning appliance, adjustable Comparison between mandibular repositioning appliance for nightly use ... Effects From a Mandibular Repositioning Appliance in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring. The safety and ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00477009?recr=Open&cond=%22Sleep+Apnea+Syndromes%22&rank=3
July 2013 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 : Journal of Craniofacial Surgery  July 2013 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 : Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Temporomandibular Joint Changes After Activator Appliance Therapy: A Prospective Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. Ma, Xuhui; ...
more infohttp://journals.lww.com/jcraniofacialsurgery/toc/2013/07000
An electromyographic study of post retraction orthodontic patients.  An electromyographic study of post retraction orthodontic patients.
Activator Appliances. Adolescent. Dental Occlusion*. Electromyography. Humans. Malocclusion / therapy*. Masticatory Muscles / ... Orthodontic Appliances. Recurrence. Time Factors. Tooth Movement / methods. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/electromyographic-study-post-retraction-orthodontic/6963771.html
US6671539B2 - Method and apparatus for fabricating orthognathic surgical splints 
        - Google Patents  US6671539B2 - Method and apparatus for fabricating orthognathic surgical splints - Google Patents
Vacuum forming improved Activator appliance and production method thereof CN102551892A (en) * 2012-01-17. 2012-07-11. 李彪. ... Systems and methods for generating an appliance with tie points US6621491B1 (en) 2003-09-16. Systems and methods for ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US6671539B2/en
Herbal treatment for large anterior fontanel - Answers on HealthTap  Herbal treatment for large anterior fontanel - Answers on HealthTap
What do you think of optimal chiropractic treatment with the activator appliance for soft tissue injury following an rta 5 yrs ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/herbal-treatment-for-large-anterior-fontanel
List of Orthodontic Functional Appliances - Wikipedia  List of Orthodontic Functional Appliances - Wikipedia
H-Activator Klammt Activator LM-Activator LSU Activator V-Activator Schwarz Activator Medium Opening Activator Expansion and ... Schwarz Double Plate Activator appliance Split Activator (Bow activator) Eschler's Modification Harvold - Woodside Activator ... In 1950s, Wilhem Balters modified Andersen's Activator appliance and gave the new appliance the name Bionator Appliance which ... Twin-Block Appliance Frankel II Mono-Bloc Appliance Rickonator Dynamax Appliance R-Appliance Anterior Inclined Bite Plate (AIBP ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Orthodontic_Functional_Appliances
Find Scholarly Works
             - Arizona State University  Find Scholarly Works - Arizona State University
Hadimani, M. B., MacDonough, M. T., Ghatak, A., Strecker, T. E., Lopez, R., Sriram, M., Nguyen, B. L., Hall, J. J., Kessler, R. J., Shirali, A. R., Liu, L., Garner, C. M., Pettit, G., Hamel, E., Chaplin, D. J., Mason, R. P., Trawick, M. L. & Pinney, K. G., Sep 27 2013, In : Journal of Natural Products. 76, 9, p. 1668-1678 11 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
more infohttps://asu.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/?showAdvanced=false&allConcepts=true&inferConcepts=true&publicationYear=2010&publicationYear=2011&publicationYear=2012&publicationYear=2013&publicationYear=2014&publicationYear=2015&publicationYear=2016&publicationYear=2017&publicationYear=2018&publicationYear=2019&author=76105732-f3e7-4e99-beaa-12bc773d52e5
Treatment effects of the Jasper Jumper and the Bionator associated with fixed appliances | Progress in Orthodontics | Full Text  Treatment effects of the Jasper Jumper and the Bionator associated with fixed appliances | Progress in Orthodontics | Full Text
Group 1 consisted of 25 patients treated with the Jasper Jumper appliance associated with fixed appliances for a mean period of ... The effects of both appliances in class II malocclusion treatment are similar; however, treatment with the Jasper Jumper was ... associated with fixed appliances. The sample comprised 77 young individuals divided into 3 groups: ... labial tipping and protrusion of the mandibular incisors in both groups and intrusion with the Jasper Jumper appliance, ...
more infohttps://progressinorthodontics.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40510-014-0054-9
Functional (disambiguation) | definition of Functional (disambiguation) by Medical dictionary  Functional (disambiguation) | definition of Functional (disambiguation) by Medical dictionary
n the objectives of activator-type appliances.. functional. pertaining to or fulfilling a function; affecting the function but ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Functional+
Recently added  Recently added
Use of activator appliances in pediatric patients treated with costochondral grafts for temporomandibular joint ankylosis: ... treatment of condylar ankylosis of the mandible in children with and without application of postoperative activator appliances ...
more infohttp://dsp.sbmu.ac.ir/handle/123456789/14406/recent-submissions
NAVER Academic > Search...  NAVER Academic > Search...
Activator Appliances, Humans, Malocclusion, Angle Class II, therapy MEDLINE®/PubMed® Selected option. 41 view options ... Auxiliary springs in continuous arch treatment: Part 2. Appliance use and case reports.. 1990 B S Haskell et al. American ... Assessing treatment effectiveness of removable and fixed orthodontic appliances with the occlusal index.. 1990 E L Tang et al. ... Adolescent, Adult, Dental Stress Analysis, Diastema, therapy, Equipment Design, Female, Humans, Male, Orthodontic Appliances, ...
more infohttps://academic.naver.com/search.naver?field=3&query=American+Journal+of+Orthodontics+and+Dentofacial+Orthopedics+98%EA%B6%8C+6%ED%98%B8
Herbst appliance with skeletal anchorage versus dental anchorage in adolescents with Class II malocclusion: study protocol for...  Herbst appliance with skeletal anchorage versus dental anchorage in adolescents with Class II malocclusion: study protocol for...
Activator appliancesDental implantsOrthodontic appliancesOrthodontic anchorage Procedures. Background. Orthodontic treatment is ... The Herbst appliance will be placed on the second appointment.. Group 2. The Herbst appliance in group 2 will be the same as in ... The Herbst appliance is a fixed functional appliance, which is becoming widely used worldwide. One of the side effects observed ... The Herbst appliance is an orthodontic appliance that is used for the correction of class II malocclusion with skeletal ...
more infohttps://0-trialsjournal-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s13063-017-2297-5
Leaf gauge - definition of leaf gauge by The Free Dictionary  Leaf gauge - definition of leaf gauge by The Free Dictionary
Functional appliances: the activator and the functional regulator--a review. A leaf gauge was used to deprogramme the mandible ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/leaf+gauge
Anchorage in orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Ind… - English  Anchorage in orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Ind… - English
ANCHORAGE IN REMOVABLE APPLIANCES: REMOVABLE FUNCTIONAL APPLIANCES: Tooth borne appliances: Activator, bionator, twin block www ... ANCHORAGE IN FIXED APPLIANCES: ANCHORAGE IN FIXED FUNCTIONAL APPLIANCES: Herbst appliance: - partial anchorage: maxilla: first ... ANCHORAGE IN REMOVABLE APPLIANCES: Early removable appliances: Crozat appliance - Lingual extensions - Heavy palatal bar - High ... ANCHORAGE IN REMOVABLE APPLIANCES: REMOVABLE FUNCTIONAL APPLIANCES: Tooth borne appliances: - Sved bite plane: stationary ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/indiandentalacademy/anchorage-in-orthodontics-dental-courses-training-by-indian-dental-academy
  • These appliances aimed to induce forward growth of the mandible by anterior positioning of it and forcing the patient to function with lower jaw forward . (ommegaonline.org)
  • A dental appliance having increased or decreased thickness between an upper shell and a lower shell in combination with a hinging mechanism and a system and a method for treating malocclusions are provided. (google.com.au)
  • This anterior bite plane is converted into an anterior repositioning appliance by the addition of acrylic incisal ramp. (ommegaonline.org)
  • The dental appliance may have an increased thickness between the upper shell and the lower shell as well as an increased thickness of the hinge. (google.com.au)
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