Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.
A form of ACTINOMYCOSIS characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes granulomatous or ulcerating skin lesions in immunosuppressed persons. This organism owes its name to its requirement for growth of high levels of iron, conveniently supplied as blood, heme, or ferric ammonium citrate.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Inflammation of the lymph nodes.
The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.
Dental methods involving the use of DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
A spectrum of congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities in BLOOD VESSELS that can adversely affect the normal blood flow in ARTERIES or VEINS. Most are congenital defects such as abnormal communications between blood vessels (fistula), shunting of arterial blood directly into veins bypassing the CAPILLARIES (arteriovenous malformations), formation of large dilated blood blood-filled vessels (cavernous angioma), and swollen capillaries (capillary telangiectases). In rare cases, vascular malformations can result from trauma or diseases.
Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.
Inflammation of the OVARY, generally caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix.
Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.
A species of ACTINOMYCES found in the oral cavity of man and hamsters. It has been isolated from actinomycotic lesions in swine, cats, and dogs and has been identified as a causative agent of animal diseases.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)
A defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by mutations in the CYBB gene, the condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by CYBA, NCF1, NCF2, or NCF4 gene mutations, the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The process of observing, recording, or detecting the effects of a chemical substance administered to an individual therapeutically or diagnostically.
A penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It has also been used as an experimental convulsant because of its actions on GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID mediated synaptic transmission.
Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of penicillin to penicin and a carboxylic acid anion. EC 3.5.1.11.
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining the sodium salt of penicillin G with N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine.
A broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used orally in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by susceptible gram-positive organisms.
Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.
Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
A wedge-shaped collar of epithelial cells which form the attachment of the gingiva to the tooth surface at the base of the gingival crevice.
A plant family of the order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae class Magnoliopsida. The plants have a characteristic silvery or rusty-colored sheen, caused by tiny distinctive scales. Flowers have a tubular structure of four sepals. Root nodules host the Frankia (ACTINOMYCETES) nitrogen-fixing symbionts.

Cervicofacial actinomycosis: CT and MR imaging findings in seven patients. (1/14)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervicofacial actinomycosis is uncommon, but without proper treatment it causes extensive tissue destruction. Early diagnosis is critical but usually difficult with cultures or imaging. Our aim was to identify characteristic imaging features that facilitated diagnosis in seven patients with cervicofacial actinomycosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR findings in seven patients with pathologically proved actinomycosis. Histologic diagnosis was made by means of surgical excision or biopsy in seven patients. Culturing was performed in two patients. Enhanced CT scans (n=7) and MR images (n=2) were evaluated for the location, margin, infiltrative nature, enhancement pattern, and presence of lymphadenopathy. RESULTS: CT and MR images showed either a well-defined (n=2) or ill-defined (n=5) mass. Involved areas included the nasal cavity (n=2), buccal space (n=1), pyriform sinus (n=1), aryepiglottic fold (n=1), oro- and hypopharynx (n=1) and tongue (n=1). Imaging confirmed the infiltrative nature, showing the tendency of the lesion to invade across tissue planes and boundaries (n=6). Moderate homogeneous contrast enhancement was seen on CT scans in six patients with several small low-attenuating foci (n=2). T1- and T2-weighted MR images showed intermediate signal intensity with moderate contrast enhancement (n=2). Reactive lymphadenopathy was associated in three patients. CONCLUSION: Although cervicofacial actinomycosis occurs infrequently, it should be included in the differential diagnosis when images show a soft-tissue mass with inflammatory changes and an infiltrative nature in the cervicofacial area.  (+info)

Human cervicofacial actinomycoses: microbiological data for 1997 cases. (2/14)

Actinomycoses are sporadically occurring endogenous polymicrobial inflammatory processes, in which fermentative actinomycetes of the genera Actinomyces, Propionibacterium, or Bifidobacterium act as the principal pathogens. Difficulties in diagnosing the disease in a timely and reliable fashion have led clinicians and microbiologists to grossly underestimate its medical importance. Therefore, we evaluated microbiological and selected clinical data derived from 1997 culture-positive cases of human cervicofacial actinomycoses examined in our laboratories during 1972-1999. The causative actinomycetes belonged to at least 9 different species, among which Actinomyces israelii and Actinomyces gerencseriae predominated. The well-known predisposition of male patients to acquire the disease varied with age and appeared to be especially pronounced in patients aged 20-60 years, the highest incidence being found in female patients aged 11-40 years and in male patients aged 21-50 years. The relevant procedures necessary for diagnosing human actinomycoses reliably, as well as details of their complex etiology, are discussed.  (+info)

Histopathologic examination to confirm diagnosis of periapical lesions: a review. (3/14)

Most periapical lesions are represented by inflammatory cysts, granulomas, abscesses or fibrous scars. These inflammatory conditions are often termed "endodontic lesions" because pulpal necrosis is the initiating event in their pathogenesis. Although rare, other clinically confusing periapical lesions have been extensively documented in numerous case reports and short case series. These lesions represent a wide range of pathosis, including various developmental cysts, infections, benign but locally aggressive lesions, and malignancies. The literature describing these lesions and the value of a histopathologic examination in diagnosis is reviewed.  (+info)

Short-term treatment of actinomycosis: two cases and a review. (4/14)

Recommendations for prolonged penicillin treatment of actinomycosis date from the early antibiotic era, when patients often presented with neglected, advanced disease and received interrupted therapy at suboptimal dosages. This report describes cases of esophageal and of cervicofacial actinomycosis treated successfully with short-term antibiotic therapy and reviews the literature. Many patients are cured with <6 months of antibiotic therapy. If short-term antibiotic treatment is attempted, the clinical and radiological response should be closely monitored. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is especially responsive to brief courses of antibiotic treatment.  (+info)

Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of cervicofacial actinomycosis: report of 15 cases. (5/14)

OBJECTIVES: Actinomycosis is quite an infrequent bacterial infection nowadays. However it can be considered in cases with a persistent cervicofacial disease. Although it is a bacterial infection, microbiologic cultures are frequently not diagnoses, therefore histopathologic studies and image studies are essential. Our interest is to explain our experience with cervicofacial actinomycosis; the clinical behaviour, evolution and treatment, always assisted by their elected diagnostic technique: the FNAC. STUDY DESIGN: In the last 16 years, 15 patients have been diagnosed with cervicofacial actinomycosis by FNAC, treated by Maxillofacial, Internal Medicine and Paediatrics units. Clinical course, evolution, anatomical space situation, antibiotic treatment, and surgical treatment have been studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an easy, safe and rapid method, with a high effect, that has made the final diagnosis in 15 cases in our Hospital. All the patients have had a good clinical evolution, only in one case did we need a new treatment for recidive. In all the cases treatment has been definitive. Our interest is to explain our experience in the treatment of cervicofacial actinomycosis, its clinical presentation and evolution, together with its elected method of diagnosis, FNAC.  (+info)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis: still a difficult differential diagnosis. (6/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis, a rare chronic infectious disease, is, however, an important clinical entity, due to the difficulties involved, still today, in its diagnosis. Following personal experience in a case referred to our Department, and in agreement with reports in the literature, attention is drawn to the presenting clinical manifestations, stressing that these are often confusing since they mimic those of other diseases, Moreover, many pre-operative investigations (radiological scans, incisional biopsy, fine-needle aspiration) are generally nonspecific. Finally, surgical excision of the mass is now the last essential step to make a definitive diagnosis and define the appropriate antibiotic therapy.  (+info)

Two unusual presentations of cervicofacial actinomycosis and review of the literature. (7/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common clinical form of actinomycosis. This bacterial infection is rare. Diagnosis is difficult, often it is definitive only after surgical excision of the cervicofacial mass. Personal experience is reported concerning two cases of cervicoactinomycosis. Diagnosis, in both cases, has been based on histological findings, not on clinical symptoms. A review of the literature shows that mainly males are affected by this condition and, in fact, both patients described here are males. Symptoms of acute infection were absent. Both patients denied any history of oromaxillofacial trauma or recent dental extraction or oral manipulations. Imaging techniques--ultrasonography and computerized tomography--were not effective in making the diagnosis, in either of these patients. Furthermore, fine needle aspiration cytology did not provide a definitive diagnosis. Both patients underwent surgical excision of the mass. Penicillin was the drug of choice in post-operative long-term treatment (one month). In one of the two men, intravenous steroids were administered. As in several reports in the literature, the definitive diagnosis was histological and not clinical.  (+info)

Actinomycotic pseudo-tumour of the mid-cervical region (a case report). (8/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is today a rare disease in our country. Isolated actinomycotic neck masses are extremely rare. A case of young man with an isolated midcervical tumour like actinomycotic granuloma without sinuses or discharging granules is reported here.  (+info)

After first reporting of actinomycosis, misunderstood to fungal infection in 1845 by Van Langenbeck, Bollinger et al. assumed that Actinomyces bovis were fungus breaking out lumpy jaw in cow. Wolff et al. succeeded in isolation culture from human body in 1891 and Waksman concluded that Actinomyces are Gram-positive anerobic bactera, not fungus in 1960s [8].. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is usually associated with soft tissue of chin and neck area and make multiple fistula on skin with swelling. It is characterized by features that infection spreads ignoring anatomical plane. Infected skin has abscess with purplish red and indurated, wood-like area. Special sulfur granule is observed in fistula drainage. Since another fistula appears when the former fistula disappears, extensive scarring and facial deformity in prolonged duration of untreated patient with actinomycosis.. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis is rare, which accounts for about 12% of total osteomyelitis [9]. Cervicofacial actinomycotic ...
Aim: To discuss the iatrogenic cervicofacial emphysema and pneumomediastinum after endodontic treatment of maxillary premolar. Summary: A 25-year-old female was referred..
Ultrasound prenatal examination enables one to assess the facial skeleton and the neck from the first weeks of gestation. Cervicofacial tumors detected via prenatal ultrasound are very rarely reported fetal pathologies. They include cystic hygromas, teratomas, epulides, vascular tumors, and...
ACTINOMICOSIS CERVICOFACIAL PDF - GPC: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de actinomicosis en el Adulto. Autores y infección del surco cérvico-facial a través de la facia profunda de cuello; o.
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Actinomycosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Symptoms, abdominal actinomycosis Treatment and Prevention of ActinomycosisDefinition of Actinomycosis; Description of Actinomycosis; Diagnosis of Actinomycosis Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar REVIEW Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar Department of Surgery, Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Calow, Chesterfield, North Actinomycosis Treatment Abdominal Actinomycosis. Introduction. Actinomyces spp. are gram positive, nonmotile, unencapsulated, nonsporeforming, anaerobic abdominal actinomycosis bacterias which colonize in the normal Abdominal mass secondary to actinomyces infection: An unusual Abdominal actinomycosis may appear as an abdominal mass andor abscess. This mass can mimic a malignant tumour. The diagnosis and management of abdominal actinomycosis ...
Introduction: Actinomycosis is a systemic chronic bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces Israelii, an anaerobic organism normally resident in the human mouth. However, the actinomycosis of the larynx is very rare, and only about 15 cases have been reported in the literature so far. Most of the cases reported occurred in patients who had previously undergone radiotherapy for laryngeal cancer. Case Report: Here we report a case of actinomycosis of the larynx in a 14-year-old shepherd boy who was not immunocompromised but had a history of tooth extraction two months prior to admission to the hospital and severe laryngitis one year prior to admission. Conclusion: Laryngeal actinomycosis might be related to poor oral hygiene and mucosal barrier disruption, as well as to being immunocompromised.
Application of different expanded forehead flaps for cervicofacial defect reconstruction, Su-Jiun Hou, Yong Miao, Ping-Jen Hou, Shao-Ping Cheng, Zhi-Qi Hu
Treatment for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai. Find Doctors Near You, Book Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, Address, Phone Numbers and Reviews. Doctors for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai | Lybrate
Actinomycosis involving the extremities is although rare but has been reported in literature. Bose et al treated synovial actinomycosis of knee in a 32 year old woman with penicillin.2 Kumar et al reported actinomycosis of knee which was mimicking neoplasm but on surgical removal histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.3 Vandevelde et al have also reported actinomycosis of lower leg in a young man for which below knee amputation was done.4 Earlier, we have also reported a case of actinomycosis of knee for which above knee amputation was performed.5 Only few cases from an infection in hand have been reported in the literature.6,7 Actinomycosis has been called the most misdiagnosed disease and its entity remained a diagnostic challenge even to most experienced clinicians. Its chronic and indolent course resembles that of fungal infection, tuberculosis and malignancy and delays early diagnosis as happened in our case.. The present patient had a glass prick injury while working in ...
Acevedo F, Baudrand R, Letelier LM, Gaete P (2008). Actinomycosis: a great pretender. Case reports of unusual presentations and a review of the literature. Int. J. Infect. Dis. 12 (4): 358-62. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2007.10.006. PMID 18164641 ...
Reviews and ratings for vibra-tabs when used in the treatment of actinomycosis. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
Learn more about Actinomycosis at Coliseum Health System DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Actinomycosis of the rectum mimicking a malignant neoplasm. AU - Ji, Woongbae. AU - Kwak, Jung Myun. AU - Kim, Jin. AU - Kim, Seon Hahn. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/ans.12579. DO - 10.1111/ans.12579. M3 - Article. C2 - 24894041. AN - SCOPUS:84901754650. VL - 84. SP - 497. JO - ANZ Journal of Surgery. JF - ANZ Journal of Surgery. SN - 1445-1433. IS - 6. ER - ...
An oblique sagittal T1-weighted magnetic resonance image shows temporofacial and cervicofacial rami of the facial nerve emerging through the petrotympanic fissu
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In this report, a posttraumatic scar with unusual behavior is discussed. How was actinomycosis diagnosed and ultimately treated in this case?
Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. About 70% of infections are due to either Actinomyces israelii or A. gerencseriae. Infection can also be caused by other Actinomyces species, as well as Propionibacterium propionicus, which presents similar symptoms. The condition is likely to be polymicrobial aerobic anaerobic infection. The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs, breast, or gastrointestinal tract. Actinomycosis abscesses grow larger as the disease progresses, often over months. In severe cases, they may penetrate the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and leak large amounts of pus, which often contains characteristic granules (sulfur granules) filled with progeny bacteria. These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. These bacteria ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Primary vesical actinomycosis. T2 - a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies.. AU - Lee, Kyoung Rae. AU - Ko, Young Su. AU - Yu, Jeong Woo. AU - Yoon, Cheol Yong. AU - Kim, Chul Hwan. AU - Yoon, Duck Ki. PY - 2002/2. Y1 - 2002/2. N2 - Primary vesical actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. In most cases it is misdiagnosed as vesical or urachal tumor and usually diagnosed through post-operative pathologic confirmation. Here we report a case of primary vesical actinomycosis confirmed by preoperative repeated multiple transabdominal biopsies. The patient was a 49-yr-old woman who presented with frequency, dysuria, and intermittent gross hematuria for 2 months. Computed tomography and cystoscopic examination showed broad-based, edematous, and protruding mass at the dome and anterior portion of the bladder. The clinical and imaging findings of the patient initially suggested vesical malignancy. Transurethral resection and multiple biopsies of the mass were ...
Actinomyces are gram-positive aerobic-growing bacteria that are part of human bacterial flora. They usually occur in a commensal relationship with the host, growing, in particular, on teeth and other surfaces in the mouth. Actinomyces infections, which are more prevalent among men than among women (3:1), usually affect patients in their fourth decade and most often involve A. israeli (85%). A. meyeri is less common. Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic actinomycosis is uncommon. Pulmonary infections and hematogeneous spread result more often from A. meyeri than from other actinomycetal species.1 Dentogingival disease is a risk factor for acquiring A. meyeri infection, and alcoholics are at high risk for pulmonary actinomycosis because of their poor dental health and the higher likelihood of aspiration of oral secretions.. Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding ...
Actinomycosis Definition Actinomycosis is an infection primarily caused by the bacterium Actinomyces israelii. Infection most often occurs in the face and neck region and is characterized by the presence of a slowly enlarging, hard, red lump.
Actinomycosis adalah infeksi kronis, biasanya dari wajah dan leher, yang menghasilkan abses dan penirisan sinus terbuka.. PENYEBAB. Actinomycosis biasanya disebabkan oleh bakteri anaerobik (bakteri yang hidup tanpa oksigen) yang disebut Actinomyces israelii. Bakteri ini umum menginfeksi dan biasanya nonpathogenic (bukan penyebab penyakit) di hidung dan tenggorokan.. GEJALA. ...
Thoracic actinomycosis refers to an uncommon indolent infection caused principally by the genus Actinomyces (higher prokaryotic bacteria belonging to the family Actinomyceataceae). Epidemiology While it is rare in general, the thoracic form act...
The most common physical finding of actinomycosis is a woody, hard, palpable mass with a subacute clinical course. About half of the patients present with a low-grade fever (1). The lack of responsiveness to empirical antibiotic therapy, the presentation of a chronic palpable mass, and the difficulty in establishing the microbiologic diagnosis make it difficult to differentiate this mass from a neoplasm, granulomatous disease, or a fungal infection on the basis of the initial presentation (1, 4).. Actinomyces species are anaerobic bacteria that cannot penetrate healthy tissue, and mucosal breakdown is a prerequisite for infection. About half of the patients have a history of local trauma resulting in mucosal breakdown (1). Poor dental hygiene, caries, oral trauma, dental extraction, and an immunocompromised status are considered to be important antecedents (1, 4). Determining if a patient has a history of these risk factors may be helpful in establishing a correct diagnosis. In cervicofacial ...
Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial infection that commonly affects the face and neck. It is usually caused by an anaerobic bacteria called Actinomyces israelii. This order contains several different groups of bacteria that are shaped like thin filaments or rods, including the Mycobacteria that are best known as the cause of tuberculosis. Bacteria from all of these groups cause a wide variety of diseases.. It is an infectious disease that can occur throughout the body. Actinomycosis is most commonly due to the species Actinomyces israelii, which causes infections that typically affect the face and neck but can involve other areas of the body as well.These bacteria normally reside in the nose, mouth and throat, where they do not cause problems. Actinomyces are normal inhabitants of the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and female genital tract, and do not cause an infection unless there is a break in the skin or mucosa. The infection usually occurs in the face and neck, but can sometimes occur in ...
INTRODUCTION. Although many of the strains of Actinomyces are highly sensitive in vitro to many antimicrobial agents, the disease caused in human beings by these microörganisms continues to present difficult therapeutic problems. The distinctive character of the tissue reaction offers a logical explanation for some of these problems. The involved areas are usually extensive, markedly indurated, and relatively avascular in the region of the active growth of the Actinomyces. These features suggest serious difficulty in getting a bactericidal concentration of the effective drug into areas of active infection, and raise serious doubts concerning the possibility of restoring the involved tissues ...
Actinomyces viscosus noncontagious bacterial infection is grown in test tubes. From (left to right) aerobic (with oxygen), carbon dioxide (CO2), and anaerobic (without oxygen) plus CO2.
noncontagious bacterial infection of humans and cattle caused by anaerobic (growing best in absence of oxygen) species of genus Actinomyces: A. israeli causes human…
A chronic, spreading suppurative and granulomatous disease primarily caused by the gram-positive anaerobic bacteria Actinomyces israelii. Several
The dogs abscesses will be drained and lavaged for several days. In some cases, a penrose drain will be utilized, whereby a soft rubber tube is placed in the affected area to prevent fluid buildup. Depending on the severity of the infection, your veterinarian may also need to debride (cut open and/or remove tissue) or remove bone, which will require surgery.. Many veterinarians recommend the administration of antibiotics for a minimum of three to four months after the resolution of all signs. This will assist in fighting against other commonly associated microbes.. ...
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports focusing on gastroenterology, hepatology, pancreas and biliary, and related cancers.
Pulmonary actinomycosis is usually secondary to aspiration; less commonly it is secondary to hematogenous dissemination. Pneumonia develops, and it tends to invade the pleura, resulting in empyema necessitatis, and fistula draining through the chest wall. With empyema formation, erosion of adjacent ribs frequently results. Actinomycosis of the lung and pleura become more complicated when the mediastinum, pericardium, thoracic vertebrae, or subphrenic spaces become infected.. Actinomycosis of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly develops in the ileocecal region, but the infection can also arise in the gastric or anorectal areas. Patients with the disease often show a previous history of appendicitis. Actinomycotic infection of the bone is usually a result of an adjacent soft tissue infection (75 percent), but may be associated with trauma (e.g. fracture of the mandible (19 percent), or it may be hematogenous 3 percent) Infection involving the facial bones, especially the mandible, represents ...
Pathogenicity - causes the disease actinomycosis. In man it is usually caused by A. israelli. They are commensals of mouth, therefore endogenous cause of disease. The disease is a chronic granulomatous infection occuring in human beings and animals. It is characterized by the development of indurated swellings, in the connective tissue, suppuration and the discharge of sulfur granules. Actinomycosis in human beings is an endogenous infection. The actinomyces species are normally present in the mouth, intestine, vagina as commensals. Actinomycosis in human beings occurs in 4 forms : (a) Cervicofacial - indurated lesions on the cheek and submaxillary regions. (b) Thoracic - lesions in the lung involving pleura and pericardium and spread outwards through the chest wall. (c) Abdominal - lesion around the cecum, neighbouring tissues and the abdominal wall, sometimes spread to the liver. (d) Pelvic - lesion on the pelvic region, associated with the use of intrauterine devices. ...
Successful reconstruction of the cheek following excision for cutaneous malignancy requires careful consideration of defect location, size, and depth in relation to the anatomic properties of the affected cheek unit. Various reconstructive options are available to the surgeon, ranging from simple excisions to complex cervicofacial advancements to meet the needs for functional and aesthetically pleasing reconstructive outcomes. The surgeon must prevent distortion of mobile structures, such as the eyelid, nose, and lips; respect aesthetic subunits; and avoid blunting natural creases. This discussion covers choice of flap, techniques, and technical considerations for medial/perinasal, perilabial, preauricular, lateral, and zygomatic cheek defects ...
Contributor Comment: Actinomycosis is a pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis that primarily affects cattle and is caused by the gram-positive bacterium Actinomyces bovis.9 Occasionally other species such as pigs, deer, sheep, goats and horses are affected.9 A similar species of bacterium, A. israeli, is responsible for the disease in human beings.6 The affected bone is thickened from multiple coalescing py-ogranulomas that impart to the bone tissue a honeycomb appearance.5 The inoculation of A. bovis - a commensal organism of the oral cavity - into the oral mucosa of animals can be facilitated by small wounds from hard straw present in the feed, foreign bodies and dental eruption. 9. Although actinomycosis has been described in cattle at unusual sites such as the penis and in the maxilla, as in the case presented here, the classical presentation in cattle is in the mandible and rarely in the maxilla.9,12 It is likely that the reason the mandible is the preferred site is because the direction of ...
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Definition of Actinomycosis at Define.com Simple Ad-Free English Dictionary with Hyperlinks to The Free World Bank - A BIG Thinking Scientific Save the World High Level Concept on Amazon S3
As the aetiology of human actinomycoses is always polymicrobial, the antibacterial drugs used for treatment should in principle cover both the causative actinomycetes and all of the concomitant bacteria. This usually requires the administration of drug combinations in which aminopenicillins currently represent the therapeutic basis because they are slightly more active against the pathogenic actinomycetes than is penicillin G and because they are able to inhibit Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans which is usually resistant to narrow-spectrum penicillins. However, the presence of concomitant β-lactamase producers such as Bacteroides fragilis, B. thetaiotaomicron, or Staphylococcus aureus (β-lactamase producing) may impair the therapeutic efficacy of aminopenicillins and that of many other β-lactams so that the combination with a β-lactamase inhibitor is advisable or even necessary.. For cervicofacial actinomycoses, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid has proved to be the ...
PubMed journal article: Pelvic actinomycosis mimicking ovarian malignancy: three cases. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Bacteremia, pneumonia, endocarditis, pericarditis, empyema, meningitis, other severe infections (due to streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci): minimum of 5million Units per day. Syphilis: dosage and duration determined by age of patient and stage of disease. Gonorrheal endocarditis and arthritis: minimum 5million Units per day. Meningococcal meningitis: 1-2million Units IM every 2 hours, or continuous IV drip of 20-30million Units/day. Actinomycosis: 1-6million Units/day for cervicofacial cases; 10-20million Units/day for thoracic and abdominal disease. Clostridial infections: 20million Units/day as adjunctive therapy to antitoxin. Fusospirochetal infections: 5-10million Units/day. Rat-bite fever: 12-15million Units/day for 3-4 weeks. Listeria infections: Neonates: 500,000-1million Units/day. Adults with meningitis: 15-20million Units/day for 2 weeks. Adults with endocarditis: 15-20million Units/day for 4 weeks. Pasteurella infections: Bacteremia and meningitis: 4-6million Units/day for 2 ...
OBJECTIVES: To review simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy (IOS) with immediate surgical resection for the treatment of cervicofacial venous malformations (VMs) at a single institution. While pre-operative sclerotherapy (POS) has been reported in the literature, simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy and surgery in the operating room has not. METHODS: The database from the Hemangioma and Vascular Birthmarks Clinic was reviewed. All patients in both groups had biopsy-proven VMs. RESULTS: IOS was used in 11 surgical patients with average age 17 years. Sclerotherapy was performed with sodium tetradecyl sulfate 3%, absolute alcohol or bleomycin. Immediately after IOS, and under the same anesthetic, all patients had either complete resection or debulking of the VMs. Eight patients had complete resolution of their VM and 3 had improvement. Average duration of the combined procedures done under a single anesthetic was 121â ¯min. The POS approach was used for 6 surgical patients with average ...
Aims: To describe the diagnostic aspects, surgical indications and post-operative complications of thyroidectomies performed in our department. Materials and method: A descriptive retrospective study that took place in the ENT Department and Cervicofacial Surgery of Gabriel TOURE University Hospital of Bamako. We did a comprehensive sampling of all goiter cases from January 2013 to December 2018. Were included in the study, the records of patients of all ages and genders, admitted into the ward and scheduled for thyroidectomy (partial or total). The exclusion criteria were incomplete hospitalization records. There were a total of 139 files were retained. Results: In 60 months, 139 cases were collected out of 1720 patients hospitalized for surgery, representing a hospital prevalence of 8.08%. The average age was 46.89 years. (123 women and 16 men). The socio-professional categories were dominated by housewives (68.34%). The reported functional signs were tachycardia, asthenia and other signs of
Radiological findings of a pancreatic solid lesion immediately raise the suspicion of adenocarcinoma. However, differential diagnosis may include
GROSS: NERVOUS: Brain: Abscess: Gross fixed tissue coronal section cerebral hemispheres brown colored abscess actinomycosis - 00004883.jpg
Actinomycosis. Presented by Dr. Gerald F. Machacek.A white boy aged 11 suffered a severe attack of Shigella flexner dysentery at the age of 3½ years. He recover
To the Editor:. Pneumothorax and spontaneous pneumomediastinum should be considered in an Ecstasy user who complains of chest pain, neck pain, or shortness of breath (1-5). We report a case of a patient who presented with subcutaneous cervical air emphysema and spontaneous pneumomediastinum associated with Ecstasy use.. A 27-year-old man was admitted to the hospital, complaining of sudden chest pain and dyspnea. He had taken one tablet of Ecstasy and was an occasional drug abuser. No history of trauma or surgery was reported. Initial examination showed cervicofacial and thoracic subcutaneous air emphysema. The initial chest radiograph showed emphysema in the cervicofacial, thoracic, and axillary regions with no evidence of rib fracture or pneumothorax. The results of the esophagogram, otolaryngologic examination, and bronchoscopy ruled out any abnormality. The chest CT demonstrated air in the subcutaneous, visceral, and carotid spaces of the neck, extending along the anterior mediastinal space. ...
Journal of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery revue de la SFCO. Elle est consacrée à l étude et au traitement des affections de la cavité buccale, ainsi qu à la formation continue, à la recherche et aux progrès techniques et scientifiques
Journal of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery revue de la SFCO. Elle est consacrée à l étude et au traitement des affections de la cavité buccale, ainsi qu à la formation continue, à la recherche et aux progrès techniques et scientifiques
Botryomycosis; also known as bacterial pseudomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous bacterial infection that affects the skin, and sometimes the viscera. Botryomycosis has been known to affect humans, horses, cattle, swine, dogs and cats. There are only a handful of documented cases of botryomycosis in humans, and its pathogenesis is not completely understood. However, it is usually described in individuals with impaired immunity, or with an underlying disease such as diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis or HIV infection. Staphylococcus aureus is usually the organism that causes the infection, however it can also be caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or several other species of bacteria. The anatomic structure of its lesion is similar to that of actinomycosis and eumycetoma, and its granules resemble the sulfur granules of actinomycosis. The disease was originally discovered by Otto Bollinger (1843-1909) in 1870, and its name was coined by Sebastiano Rivolta (1832-1893) in 1884. The name refers to ...
Although pulmonary artery aneurysms are a rare vascular anomaly, they are seen in a wide variety of conditions, such as congenital heart disease, infection, trauma, pulmonary hypertension, cystic medial necrosis and generalized vasculitis. To our kno
This case report explores an unusual presentation of a commensal organism, Actinomyces, which mimicked a presentation of ovarian cancer. A 73-year-old woman presented to a tertiary level hospital with persistent left iliac fossa abdominal pain, anorexia and fever lasting over one week, with a three-month history of bright rectal bleeding. Imaging was suggestive of malignancy. Fine needle aspiration of an enlarged lymph node was non-diagnostic. Blood cultures taken at presentation became positive after two days for Gram-positive rods, which were most likely Actinomyces. The patient was treated with penicillin 1.8 g four hourly with rapid improvement. Actinomycosis is frequently misdiagnosed as malignancy initially due to its relatively indolent course. Lesions often resolve with antibiotics, without the need for surgical intervention.. Keywords: Actinomyces, Actinomyces turicensis, infection, mimicking, ovarian ...
INDEX. ABBE condenser and oil-immersion lenses, hints as to the use of, 86 Acid, carbolic, value of, as a germi- cide, 118 Acids and alkalies, production of, by bacteria, 54 Actinomyces bo vis, 260 Actinomycosis, 260 fungus of, 261 growth of, 262 in man, 263 of human liver, 264 resemblance of, to tuberculosis, 262 Activity, vital, in bacteria, results of, 50 Adhesion preparation, 147 .Aerobic bacteria, 45 Aerogenic bacteria, 50, 54 Agar-agar as a culture-medium, 129 advantages of, over gelatin, 150 blood, 131 hemoglobin, 131 preparation of, 129 sedimentation of, 130 Air, bacteriologic examination of, 164 Hesses apparatus, 165 Petris filter for, 166 Sedgwicks expanded tube, i67 value of, 167 micro-organisms in, 164 pathogenic bacteria in, 164 Alexin, 78 Alkali albumin ate, Deyckes, 133 Alkaline blood-serum, 133 31 Alkaloids, animal, 51 putrefactive, 51 Anaerobic bacteria, 45 cultivation of, 153 cultures, Novys jars for, 156 Anilin dyes and bacteria, affinity between, 90 classification of, 90 ...
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A list of words that end with is in the enable censored word list. (1067 words: aaliis abatis abattis abiogenesis abiosis abris acariasis acidosis acropolis actinomycosis adenitis adenohypophysis adenosis adiposis adonis adzukis aegis aepyornis aerobiosis afghanis...)
NAKASHIMA Ken , SEKIYA Ryou , KAWANO Fumiaki , UCHINO Hirofumi , SHINOHARA Tatsuo , MIYAZAKI Tetsuma , TSUCHIDA Yuichi , SHIIBA Junichi , MATSUZAKI Yasunori , ONITSUKA Toshio 日本消化器内視鏡学会雑誌 = Gastroenterological endoscopy 46(8), 1483-1487, 2004-08-20 Ichushi Web References (17) ...
Micrograph of actinomycosis, H&E stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, GMS stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, Gram stain Bowden, ... The genus is typically the cause of oral-cervicofacial disease. It is characterized by a painless "lumpy jaw". Lymphadenopathy ... Another form of actinomycosis is thoracic disease, which is often misdiagnosed as a neoplasm, as it forms a mass that extends ... Actinomycosis may be considered when a patient has chronic progression of disease across tissue planes that is mass-like at ...
... actinomycosis MeSH C01.252.410.040.137.262 - actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.252.410.040.137.631 - whipple disease MeSH ... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.252.825.150 - angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C01.252.825.210 - ecthyma MeSH C01.252.825.260 ... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.539.800.720.150 - angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C01.539.800.720.210 - ecthyma MeSH C01.539 ...
Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases Article on Cervicofacial actinomycosis[permanent dead link] NCBI Splenogonadal ... The agents of actinomycosis are now known to be endogenous organisms of the mucous membranes, in most cases Actinomyces ... In 1890 Bostroem reportedly isolated the causative organism of actinomycosis from a culture of grain, grasses, and soil. After ... Investigations on actinomycosis in humans), 1891. ISBN Recherche (biographical information) [1] Mandell, Bennett, & Dolin: ...
... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C17.800.838.765.150 - angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C17.800.838.765.210 - ecthyma MeSH C17.800 ...
It is also licensed for the treatment of anthrax, actinomycosis, cervicofacial disease, thoracic and abdominal disease, ...
Cervicofacial, pulmonary/thoracic and gastrointestinal forms exist, yet cervicofacial disease accounts for two-thirds of ... Cutaneous actinomycosis is a chronic disease that affects the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. Caused by an anaerobic, ... Roy D, Roy PG, Misra PK (2003). "An interesting case of primary cutaneous actinomycosis". Dermatology Online Journal. 9 (5): 17 ... "Primary cutaneous actinomycosis". International Journal of Dermatology. 47 (12): 1271-3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03854.x. ...
"Temporomandibular disorders: referred cranio-cervico-facial clinic" (PDF). Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral Y Cirugia Bucal. 10 ... Actinomycosis. *Angioedema. *Basal cell carcinoma. *Cutaneous sinus of dental origin. *Cystic hygroma ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis presenting as a fixed jaw swelling in an elderly individual can mimic malignancy and pose a ... Pediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis disclosing an underlying congenital dermoid cyst. Directory of Open Access Journals ( ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an uncommon and progressive infection caused by bacilli of the Actinomyces genus that typically ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an uncommon and progressive infection caused by bacilli of the Actinomyces genus that typically ...
Few reports describe the imaging findings of cervicofacial actinomycosis. CT findings of cervicofacial actinomycosis include an ... Clinical manifestation occurs in one of three forms: cervicofacial, abdominal-pelvic, or pulmonary actinomycosis. Cervicofacial ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: CT and MR Imaging Findings in Seven Patients. Ji Kang Park, Ho Kyu Lee, Hyun Kwon Ha, Hae Young ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: CT and MR Imaging Findings in Seven Patients. Ji Kang Park, Ho Kyu Lee, Hyun Kwon Ha, Hae Young ...
Cervico-facial actinomycosis. Clinical Information *A form of actinomycosis characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code *A42.2 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can ... Actinomycosis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Type 1 Excludes*actinomycetoma (B47.1) ...
Actinomycosis still poses a diagnostic challenge. It is important for clinicians to consider the possibility of such rare ... Paediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Actinomyces spp. and usually presents as a ...
... clearance of her cervicofacial actinomycosis.Our case points out the pitfalls of diagnostic procedures in actinomycosis and the ... anaerobic to microaerophilic bacteria.We report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis in an 86-year-old woman undergoing ... The diagnosis of culture-negative actinomycosis was based on histolopathology findings and the isolation of companion bacteria ... Actinomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous infection caused by Gram-positive, non-acid-fast, ...
CARNEIRO, Gleicy Gabriela Vitória Spínola et al. Cervicofacial actinomycosis: a case report. Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo- ... The purpose of the present article is to report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis, describing and discussing its methods of ... This clinical case of cervicofacial actinomycosis reported here emphasizes the importance of this condition and the need for an ... Keywords : Actinomycosis [diagnosis]; Actinomyces; Infection; Infection Control. · abstract in Portuguese · text in Portuguese ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis: report of a case. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Cervicofacial Actinomycosis Medicine ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis: report of a case. Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 1989 Jul; ... Lee, F. P. ; Huang, T. S. ; Wang, A. M. / Cervicofacial actinomycosis : report of a case. In: Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal ... Lee, F. P., Huang, T. S., & Wang, A. M. (1989). Cervicofacial actinomycosis: report of a case. Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. ...
Abscess , Actinomycetaceae , Actinomycosis , Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacteria, Anaerobic , ... Actinomycosis / Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial / Humans / Magnetic Resonance Imaging / Cellulitis Language: Korean Journal: ... Actinomycosis / Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial / Humans / Magnetic Resonance Imaging / Cellulitis Language: Korean Journal: ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis with Orbit Involvement Tae-Young LEE; Eun-Joo LEE; Hyuk-Won CHANG; Hye-Ra JUNG; Eal-Maan KIM; Hyung ...
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Sri Lanka / Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial / Humans / Male / ... Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Sri Lanka / Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial / Humans / Male / ... Abscess/diagnosis , Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial/diagnosis , Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Sri Lanka ...
Actinomycosis (cervico-facial disease and thoracic and abdominal disease). Actinomyces israelii. Botulism (adjunctive therapy ...
Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial disease. 1 to 6 million units/day(*). Thoracic and abdominal disease. 10 to 20 million units/day(* ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis and mandibular osteomyelitis.. Sharkawy AA.. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2007 Jun;21(2):543-56, viii ...
Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial disease. Thoracic and abdominal disease. 1 to 6 million units/day(*) ...
Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic bacterial infection caused by filamentous, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic-to- ... Human cervicofacial actinomycoses: microbiological data for 1997 cases. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 15. 37(4):490-7. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (Actinomycosis) and Actinomycosis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: Diagnosis and Management. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2005 May. 7(3):170-174. [Medline]. ...
As they say, we agree that it is very important to consider actinomycosis in recurrent chronic cervicofacial suppurative ... we agree with the fact that it is not usual to consider actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of cervicofacial infections ... Incidence rate of forms of actinomycosis. Incidence rate (cases/1,000,000 residents) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total By age ... Actinomycosis is a chronic, rare, suppurative and very progressive infection,2 about which there are few studies in Colombia ...
Study MOUTH NF path flashcards from Elizabeth DeGroot
Pediatric Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: An Unusual Cause of Head and Neck Masses.. Thacker SA, Healy CM. ...
Actinomycosis - 1-6 million units/day for cervicofacial cases; 10-20 million units/day for thoracic and abdominal disease. ...
Cervicofacial. * Thoracic. * Abdominal. * Pelvic. * Central nervous system. Pus (aspirate, swab or tissue biopsy) for histology ...
How was actinomycosis diagnosed and ultimately treated in this case? ... Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative granulomatous infection most commonly involving the cervicofacial region. Clinical ... Craniofacial Actinomycosis. Ritesh Panda, DNB; Vivek Kumar, MS, DNB; Shiv Shankar Saha, MS, MCh; Lalit Choudhary, MS, MCh; ... Definitive diagnosis of actinomycosis was made by tissue biopsy after ruling out medical and hereditary conditions. He required ...
Herberts, G., Sandström, J.: Cervicofacial actinomycosis. Report of a case. Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 48, 458-464 (1957). ... Baylin, G. J., Wear, J.M.: Blastomycosis and actinomycosis of the spine. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 69, 395-398 (1953).PubMedGoogle ... Nathan, M.H., Radman, W.P., Barton, H.L.: Osseous actinomycosis of the head and neck. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 87, 1048-1053 (1962 ... Gruber, M.D.: Actinomycosis and fracture of the mandible. Oral Surg. 5, 809-815 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis: The most common predisposing factor for cervicofacial actinomycosis is some kind of disruption of ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is overwhelmingly the most common form in pediatrics. It accounts for ... How can actinomycosis be prevented?. Given the strong association of cervicofacial disease with dental caries, good oral ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis:. Malignancy (in particular lymphoma), extrapulmonary tuberculosis, bacterial adenitis, Bartonella ...
Actinomycosis, chronic bacterial infection of humans and cattle that is caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic (oxygen- ... The most prevalent form is cervicofacial actinomycosis ("lumpy jaw" in cattle), which affects primarily the jaws, neck, and ... and abdominal and pelvic actinomycosis. Thoracic actinomycosis may result from inhalation of the organism into the air passages ... In rare cases actinomycosis may be disseminated via the bloodstream, in which case lesions appear in most parts of the body. ...
A Case Report and Review of Idiopathic Cervicofacial Actinomycosis. Maher, Nigel Gordon; Lai, Katy; Loewenthal, Mark; More ... Actinomycosis Is an Important Diagnosis Consideration in the Presentation of a Perimandibular Mass: ...
The most common clinical presentations are cervicofacial, thoracic, abdominal and, in females, genital. Classic features ... Hepatic Actinomycosis with Infiltration of the Diaphragm and Right Lung: A Case Report. Tasbirul Islam, Muhammad Nauman Athar, ... Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive infection caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria of the genus ... Hepatic actinomycosis presents as single or multiple abscesses or masses. Reported here is the unusual occurrence of ...
Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial disease. Localized swelling with suppuration, abscess formation, tissue fibrosis, and ... Pediatric Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: An Unusual Cause of Head and Neck Masses. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2014 Jun. 3 (2): ... Cervical spinal cord compression in a child with cervicofacial actinomycosis. Brain Dev. 2013 Aug 28. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (Pediatric Actinomycosis) and Pediatric Actinomycosis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ...
Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic ... Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding gingival trauma. Radiographically, a mass ... Penicillin G is the treatment of choice for actinomycosis, although other agents are active in vitro and in vivo, such as ... In many cases of extended pulmonary actinomycosis, only thoracoscopic resection or fine-needle biopsy have led to the correct ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis in children is a rare disorder. This article reports a case in a 7-year-old-girl. The importance of ... Pelvic actinomycosis is a very rare form of actinomycosis with only 3% of all actinomycosis cases. Actinomycosis becomes a ... Pediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis: a case report. Gomez, Ricardo Santiago; Fonseca, Linaena Mericy Silva; Martins, Maria ... Abdominal actinomycosis is extremely rare. We report a case of actinomycosis of the small intestine presenting as a perforation ...
What the General Practitioner Ought to Know about Human Actinomycosis focuses on infectious bacterial diseases caused by ... and cervico-facial actinomycosis. The orbital actinomycosis; diagnosis of visceral actinomycosis; ano-rectal actinomycosis; and ... Human Actinomycosis: What the General Practitioner Ought to Know About PDF (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open ... What the General Practitioner Ought to Know about Human Actinomycosis focuses on infectious bacterial diseases caused by ...
... cervicofacial explanation free. What is cervicofacial? Meaning of cervicofacial medical term. What does cervicofacial mean? ... Looking for online definition of cervicofacial in the Medical Dictionary? ... The most frequent clinical form is cervicofacial actinomycosis (2).. Actinomycosis in differential diagnosis of cervicofacial ... The cervicofacial type is the most common, accounting for about 55% of all cases.. Actinomycosis of the pharynx ...
  • Full Text Available Actinomycosis is a chronic infection caused by Actinomyces israelii, usually seen in immunocompromised patients or in the background of tissue injury. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Actinomyces are more commonly associated with oral and cervicofacial infections. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Actinomycosis is an uncommon disease caused by Actinomyces species, gram-positive anaerobic bacteria and normal inhabitants in the oral cavity and respiratory and digestive tracts. (ajnr.org)
  • Actinomycosis refers to the disease entity caused by any one of the organisms of the genus Actinomyces . (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis , chronic bacterial infection of humans and cattle that is caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic (oxygen-requiring) species of the genus Actinomyces . (britannica.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive infection caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria of the genus Actinomyces . (hindawi.com)
  • Gram-positive, pleomorphic non-spore-forming, non-acid-fast anaerobic or microaerophilic bacilli of the genus Actinomyces and the order Actinomycetales cause actinomycosis. (medscape.com)
  • Actinomyces israelii , Actinomyces naeslundii, Actinomyces odontolyticus, Actinomyces viscosus, and Actinomyces meyeri most frequently cause human actinomycosis. (medscape.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive infection caused by Actinomyces species. (ebscohost.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a subacute or chronic suppurative bacterial infection caused by filamentous gram positive, anaerobic to microaerophilic non acid fast bacilli primarily of the genus Actinomyces that normally colonize the mouth, colon and vagina. (ebscohost.com)
  • What the General Practitioner Ought to Know about Human Actinomycosis focuses on infectious bacterial diseases caused by actinomyces species. (ebookmall.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an infection primarily caused by the bacterium Actinomyces israelii . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis is usually caused by the bacterium Actinomyces israelii . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive infection caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria primarily of the genus Actinomyces that colonize the mouth, colon and vagina. (ispub.com)
  • Gram staining showed colonies of actinomyces confirming the diagnosis of actinomycosis. (ispub.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis is a chronic disease caused by a branching, filamentous, gram-positive bacilli belonging to the genus Actinomyces . (bmj.com)
  • Actinomycosis is caused by a type of bacteria from the Actinomyces family. (nih.gov)
  • Actinomycosis is a rare chronic infection caused by species of Actinomyces , characterized by abscess formation, tissue fibrosis, suppurative lesions and fistulas with purulent discharge containing sulphur granules [1-3]. (scielo.br)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic, suppurative, granulomatous infection caused by anaerobic Gram-positive bacilli from the species Actinomyces , and A. israelli is the most frequent pathogen involving human infection. (scielo.br)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic infection caused by Actinomyces species characterized by abscess formation, tissue fibrosis, and draining sinuses. (asm.org)
  • The spectrum of infections caused by Actinomyces species ranges from classical invasive actinomycosis to a less invasive form of superficial skin and soft tissue infection. (asm.org)
  • Classical actinomycosis in humans is typically caused by Actinomyces israelii and is characterized by deep invasive abscess formation, tissue fibrosis, and draining sinuses affecting cervicofacial, thoracic, abdominopelvic areas ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • Actinomycosis is caused by Actinomyces species, anaerobic-to-microaerophilic bacteria. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Actinomyces is associated with cervicofacial infection, which forms draining sinus tracts. (lecturio.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an infection caused by actinomyces israelii or related actinomycete bacteria. (enetmd.com)
  • Human actinomycoses are always synergistic polymicrobial infections in which fermentative actinomycetes-predominantly Actinomyces israelii , A. gerencseriae , or Propionibacterium propionicum -are the principal pathogens, usually needing the assistance of so-called concomitant microbes to produce disease. (enetmd.com)
  • Actinomycoses are sporadically occurring endogenous polymicrobial inflammatory processes in which fermentative (facultatively anaerobic or capnophilic) actinomycetes of the genera Actinomyces and Propionibacterium , but rarely also Bifidobacterium , may act as the principal pathogens. (enetmd.com)
  • What are the different species of Actinomyces bacteria responsible for Actinomycosis? (healthdiseases.org)
  • Actinomyces israelii and Actinomyces gerencseriae are the bacteria responsible for this condition though other types of Actinomyces bacteria have also been reported to cause such actinomycosis. (healthdiseases.org)
  • Actinomyces israelii can be commonly found in the oral cavity (especially in those with poor oral hygiene or from extension of cervicofacial infections), and is thought to be responsible for the majority of pulmonary actinomyces infections. (radiopaedia.org)
  • cevricofacial Actinomyces bacteria are generally sensitive to penicillinwhich is frequently used to treat actinomycosis. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Actinomycetaceae Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple's disease Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces gerencseriae. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Actinomycosis A man with actinomycosis on the right side of his face Specialty Infectious disease Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • 3) Organisms which have been reported for broncholith-associated pneumonia include fungi, Nocardia, Histoplasma, and Actinomyces, with actinomycosis appearing in the largest number of case reports. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis that primarily affects cattle and is caused by the gram-positive bacterium Actinomyces bovis . (askjpc.org)
  • Actinomyces israelii and Arachnia species are the most common causes of actinomycosis in humans. (microbeonline.com)
  • Most of the pulmonary actinomycosis infections are thought to be caused by the inhalation of spit or liquid contaminated with Actinomyces into the respiratory organs. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • The cause of actinomycosis is Actinomyces bacteria which is a normal flora that normally lives in the oral cavity, digestive tract, and urinary tract. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Actinomycosis is often caused by several types of bacteria, both fellow genera of Actinomyces or other bacteria. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • The bacteria Actinomyces israelii and Actinomyces gerencseriae are two of the most common bacteria in cases of actinomycosis in humans. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • In addition to these two types of bacteria, other types of Actinomyces bacteria that can be found in cases of actinomycosis include Actinomyces odontolyticus, Actinomyces viscous, Actinomyces meyeri, Actinomyces turicensis, and Actinomyces radingae. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Actinomycosis is often caused by several types of bacteria, either fellow genera Actinomyces or other bacteria. (teroes.com)
  • Clinical manifestation occurs in one of three forms: cervicofacial, abdominal-pelvic, or pulmonary actinomycosis. (ajnr.org)
  • Intrauterine contraceptive devices have been associated with the development of pelvic actinomycosis and may be associated with menorrhagia, indolent pelvic/abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, and fever. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Less common forms of the disease include thoracic, affecting primarily the lungs and surrounding structures, and abdominal and pelvic actinomycosis. (britannica.com)
  • thoracic, abdominal or pelvic actinomycosis is uncommon. (cmaj.ca)
  • Radiographically, a mass lesion or abscess (cervicofacial, thoracic, abdominal or pelvic) is often seen, but pneumonitis, cavitary disease or hilar adenopathy can occur. (cmaj.ca)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis is a very rare form of actinomycosis with only 3% of all actinomycosis cases. (ebscohost.com)
  • Surgical procedures, such as recent appendectomy or IUD implantations, can also predispose to the development of abdominal or pelvic actinomycosis. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis is a rare but proven complication of use of intrauterine devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of pelvic actinomycosis associated with intrauterine devices involves removal of the device and antibiotic treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis has been a recently recognized complication of intrauterine device placement.1'2 We report here such a case resulting in osteomyelitis of the sacrum, sepsis and complete destruction of the hip joint, and ultimately death from endocarditis and septic emboli. (healio.com)
  • The chest - thoracic actinomycosis abdominal actinomycosis pelvic actinomycosis, commonly found in women. (livelife.guide)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis occurs usually in women who use intra-uterine contraceptive devices for a period of eight or more years. (livelife.guide)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis can occur in women who have retained an intrauterine device for a long period of time. (microbeonline.com)
  • This is an actinomycosis infection that occurs in the pelvis (pelvic region). (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis is often associated with the use of an IUD constructive device. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Actinomycosis often occurs in men, except for pelvic actinomycosis which tends to occur in women. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis is strongly associated with intrauterine devices. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • While there is a slight predilection for men when it comes to cervicofacial disease, pelvic disease is almost entirely found in women. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • This is an actinomycosis infection that occurs in the pelvic (pelvic area). (teroes.com)
  • Pelvic actinomycosis is often associated with the use of IUD constricting devices. (teroes.com)
  • Actinomycosis often occurs in men, with the exception of pelvic actinomycosis that tends to occur in women. (teroes.com)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis may result from inhalation of the organism into the air passages and is usually associated with weight loss, night sweats, coughing, and high fever. (britannica.com)
  • Brombacher-Frey I, Wockel W, Kreusser T. [Thoracic actinomycosis versus bronchial cancer]. (cmaj.ca)
  • The authors describe a case of advanced thoracic actinomycosis. (scielo.br)
  • Histopathology, microscopic examination and anaerobic culture of the resected material diagnosed thoracic actinomycosis. (scielo.br)
  • This report describes a case of advanced thoracic actinomycosis in a 44-year-old man. (scielo.br)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis is generally caused by aspiration of contaminated secretion from the oropharynx or direct extension of cervicofacial or abdominopelvic forms [1,2,4,7,9]. (scielo.br)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis, which affects the chest cavity, makes up about 15-20% of actinomycosis cases. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis can have variety of radiographic presentations which can also depend on time since infection. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Treatment of thoracic actinomycosis: A retrospective analysis of 40 patients. (radiopaedia.org)
  • A survey of thoracic actinomycosis. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis: CT findings in eight patients. (radiopaedia.org)
  • MRI of thoracic actinomycosis. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis: CT findings. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Thoracic actinomycosis occurs when the bacteria that get mixed up with the food particles are passed into the windpipe rather than to the stomach. (livelife.guide)
  • Actinomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous infection caused by Gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic to microaerophilic bacteria.We report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis in an 86-year-old woman undergoing immunosuppressive therapy with azathioprine and prednisone for rheumatoid arthritis. (escholarship.org)
  • The diagnosis of culture-negative actinomycosis was based on histolopathology findings and the isolation of companion bacteria. (escholarship.org)
  • Actinomycosis is caused by filamentous Gram positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family , and known as a rare cause of the infection at the eyeball. (bvsalud.org)
  • Actinomycosis is most often caused by infection by specific bacteria. (coliseumhealthsystem.com)
  • Bacteria that masquerade as fungi: actinomycosis/nocardia. (coliseumhealthsystem.com)
  • In rare cases, these bacteria can cause actinomycosis, a disease characterized by the formation of abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some actinomycosis infections may involve up to 5-10 different species of bacteria. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • For cervicofacial actinomycoses, the rare cutaneous processes, and most thoracic forms of the disease, this requirement is best fulfilled by amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid in medium to high doses: abdominal cases and the presence of unusually resistant concomitant bacteria may require the addition of further antimicrobials (e.g. an aminoglycoside plus either metronidazole or clindamycin). (enetmd.com)
  • Actinomycosis does not occur in isolation from other bacteria. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Actinomycosis is caused by the strain of bacteria called actinomycetales which is found in mouth, lower intestinal tract and in women in pelvis and fallopian tubes. (livelife.guide)
  • Abdominal actinomycosis happens when some perforations happen to the wall of the intestine, like a burst appendix, and the bacteria are passed through that. (livelife.guide)
  • An acute bacterial infection that is caused by the bacteria acitnomyces, actinomycosis is a rare occurrence in humans. (targetwoman.com)
  • Abdominopelvic actinomycosis is a potential cause of tuboovarian abscess. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Symptoms of actinomycosis include a neck mass, jaw or face pain, and formation of pockets of pus (abscess). (nih.gov)
  • consistent with an abscess, which grew actinomycosis (Fig. 3). (ispub.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis is a chronic disease characterized by abscess formation, draining sinus tracts, fistulae, and tissue fibrosis. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Cervicofacial acinomycosis is a rare, suppurative bacterial disease in which abscesses can form in the tissues and break through the skin, creating pus-discharging lesions. (worldwidescience.org)
  • A form of actinomycosis characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses. (icd10data.com)
  • Abdominopelvic actinomycosis involves the development of intraabdominal abscesses secondary to these organisms. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Hepatic actinomycosis presents as single or multiple abscesses or masses. (hindawi.com)
  • Actinomycosis is treated with long-term antibiotics and by draining pus-containing abscesses. (coliseumhealthsystem.com)
  • Under certain conditions, this commensal bacterium can become pathogenic, most often causing chronic abscesses in the cervicofacial region or in the abdominal cavity. (healio.com)
  • A. israelii is known to cause actinomycosis, which is characterized by abscesses of the cervicofacial, thoracic, abdominopelvic regions, and central nervous system Footnote 6 . (canada.ca)
  • Actinomycosis spreads from the original site of infection to adjacent sites and often forms multiple abscesses, or pockets of infection, fistulas, and sinus tracts. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Clinical features-the initial actinomycotic lesion usually develops in tissue adjacent to a mucous membrane as a subacute to chronic process that is granulomatous as well as suppurative, typically giving rise to multiple abscesses and draining sinus tracts that are preferentially located in the cervicofacial region, thorax or abdomen. (enetmd.com)
  • In 75% of cases, CNS actinomycosis presents with single or multiple brain abscesses, usually in the temporal or frontal lobes. (microbeonline.com)
  • 1 Dentogingival disease is a risk factor for acquiring A. meyeri infection, and alcoholics are at high risk for pulmonary actinomycosis because of their poor dental health and the higher likelihood of aspiration of oral secretions. (cmaj.ca)
  • In many cases of extended pulmonary actinomycosis, only thoracoscopic resection or fine-needle biopsy have led to the correct diagnosis. (cmaj.ca)
  • Cervicofacial, pulmonary/thoracic and gastrointestinal forms exist, yet cervicofacial disease accounts for two-thirds of reported infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include two unusual cases of actinomycosis of the brain with no granules in the pus, two pulmonary cases, one renal, one abdominal, and six cervico-facial. (ajtmh.org)
  • 3. Mabeza GF, Macfarlane J. Pulmonary actinomycosis. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Case report: actinomycosis: multinodular pulmonary involvement. (radiopaedia.org)
  • We suggest that increased alertness of clinicians and microbiologists to the presence of anaerobic organisms as the cause of cervicofacial infections could result in an earlier and more frequent diagnosis of actinomycosis. (elsevier.com)
  • There may be an odor, but this is most likely present in mixed anaerobic infections and not associated with pure actinomycosis. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • The most prevalent form is cervicofacial actinomycosis ("lumpy jaw" in cattle), which affects primarily the jaws, neck, and face and in humans accounts for at least half of all cases. (britannica.com)
  • Fifty percent of actinomycosis cases are of the head and neck region (also called "lumpy jaw" and "cervicofacial actinomycosis"), 15% are in the chest, 20% are in the abdomen, and the rest are in the pelvis, heart, and brain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis infections of the gums and jaws are collectively known as cervicofacial actinomycosis or lumpy jaw disease. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Most commonly called the locked jaw or the lumpy jaw syndrome, cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common and found in 60% of the reported actinomycosis cases. (healthdiseases.org)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis and mandibular osteomyelitis. (nih.gov)
  • Osteomyelitis of the mandible is rarely seen in actinomycosis. (bmj.com)
  • Osteomyelitis is a rare manifestation of actinomycosis and may require long-term and aggressive treatment with beta-lactams/doxycycline. (bmj.com)
  • Bite wounds can cause actinomycosis of the limbs (osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis ), this is generally secondary to skin infection. (vetstream.com)
  • In osteomyelitis caused by actinomycosis, initially there is development of suppurative sinus tracts in the medullary spaces of the bone leading to multiple foci of both bone tissue resorption and proliferation. (askjpc.org)
  • Actinomycosis is most frequently caused by A. israelii, which may also cause endocarditis, though the resulting symptoms may be similar to those resulting from infections by other bacterial species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mixed infections predominantly involve A. israelii and A. gerencseriae , and based on the oral habitat of the genus, manifestations mostly occur in the cervicofacial region (but may occur at any area of the body) Footnote 5 . (canada.ca)
  • Full Text Available Pediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis is a rare occurrence consequent to dental infections and manipulations or maxillofacial trauma. (worldwidescience.org)
  • In this regard, we agree with the fact that it is not usual to consider actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of cervicofacial infections in paediatric cases, and we would like to take the opportunity to present an analysis that we have performed on the behaviour of the disease in Colombia, as well as some comments on its impact in Latin America. (elsevier.es)
  • Mixed infections significantly increase the pathogenesis of actinomycosis. (vetstream.com)
  • Unlike most of the mycotic infections, actinomycosis is not an opportunistic infection and the portal of entry is not through inhalation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Secondary hepatic actinomycosis commonly occurs with abdominal or thoracic infections, and infections that dominantly affect the liver are rare but often serious Footnote 3 . (canada.ca)
  • About 10-20% of actinomycosis infections occur in the abdomen and pelvis. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Nearly all of the members of the mixed actinomycotic microflora belong to the indigenous microbial community of human mucous membranes, hence actinomycoses present as sporadic endogenous infections which are not transmissible. (enetmd.com)
  • Actinomycosis may be responsible for human opportunistic infections that mimics a tumor of the involved sites and drains pus via skin sinuses resembling sulphur granules. (elsevier.com)
  • Newsom nl ve amatr yazarlardan en gzel Can gerd cause chest pain when sinus infections caused by the acid reflux sore throat drainage congestion stomach aches. (mosquito-fp7.eu)
  • It is a chronic granulomatous and suppurative lesion, usually affecting the cervicofacial area. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic, rare, suppurative and very progressive infection, 2 about which there are few studies in Colombia and Latin America. (elsevier.es)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative granulomatous infection most commonly involving the cervicofacial region. (medscape.com)
  • Actinomycosis has a myriad of clinical presentations, inducing both a suppurative and granulomatous inflammatory response. (hindawi.com)
  • Final diagnosis: acute suppurative Meckel's diverticulitis with actinomycosis. (ispub.com)
  • Clinical presentation of cervico-facial actinomycosis is characterized by the presence of a suppurative or indurative mass with discharging sinuses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis, which affects the jaw, face, and neck, is the most common type of actinomycosis infection, accounting for 50-70% of all cases. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • In this type of actinomycosis infection often occurs in the mouth, jaw, oral cavity, neck, and the area around the face. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • This is a type of actinomycosis infection that occurs in the lung organs or other respiratory organs in humans. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • This is a type of actinomycosis infection that occurs in the lungs or other respiratory organs. (teroes.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an exceedingly rare disease in humans that typically strikes between ages 20 and 50. (britannica.com)
  • The classic presentation of actinomycosis typically is the indolent development of a firm mass, which often develops fistulous tracts that drain purulent material or sulfur granules. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous disease characterized by external sinuses through which tiny colonies of organisms called sulphur granules are discharged. (ispub.com)
  • The characteristic macroscopic and microscopic appearance of the yellow-coloured 'sulfur' granules helps to make the diagnosis of actinomycosis. (bmj.com)
  • Actinomycosis should be suspected in patients with jaw swelling and discharging sinuses (showing sulfur granules), especially with a history of trauma/infection. (bmj.com)
  • 9 The small granules - known colloquially as sulfur granules - observed grossly at the center of the caseous nodules 1 represents the bacterial colonies and the associated SH phenomenon and are typical of actinomycosis, although can be seen in other pyogranulomatous diseases of cattle such as actinobacillosis and sta-phyloccocosis. (askjpc.org)
  • Granules of actinomycosis are hard and not emulsifiable which differentiates them from granules produced other conditions. (microbeonline.com)
  • The purpose of the present article is to report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis, describing and discussing its methods of diagnosis, clinical course and treatment. (bvsalud.org)
  • This clinical case of cervicofacial actinomycosis reported here emphasizes the importance of this condition and the need for an early diagnosis with a view to improving the quality of life of patients affected. (bvsalud.org)
  • Clinical Features of Abdominal Actinomycosis: A 15-year Experience of A Single Institute. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical diagnosis is usually difficult, and fine-needle aspiration cytology or imaging studies are usually unhelpful in diagnosing actinomycosis. (medscape.com)
  • BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) has been used in the fight against wrinkles and flaccidity in the cervicofacial region. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The most frequent clinical form is cervicofacial actinomycosis (2). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinomycosis is diagnosed based on the history and clinical exam, and through specific laboratory tests. (nih.gov)
  • A case of primary actinomycosis of the parotid gland, which was diagnosed by its clinical features, radiological findings and its response to empirical medical management, is presented. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The clinical conditions associated with the unilateral enlargement of the preauricular region include sialolithiasis, tuberculosis, actinomycosis of the parotid gland, lymphadenitis, preauricular cyst, sebaceous cyst and neoplasm. (jcda.ca)
  • Actinomycosis has clinical manifestations that depend on where the infection is present. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Brown JR. Human actinomycosis. (medscape.com)
  • Of human actinomycosis, the spinal form is rare and actinomycosis-related spinal neurological deficit is uncommon. (ebscohost.com)
  • Human Actinomycosis: What the General Practitioner Ought to Know About PDF (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open PDF (Adobe DRM) files. (ebookmall.com)
  • Reports on human actinomycosis documented by culture have been infrequent, particularly from India. (ajtmh.org)
  • An abstract of the article "Cutaneous actinomycosis associated with anti-TNF-alpha therapy: Report of two cases," by A. L. Breton and colleagues is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • Actinomycosis in the lungs, abdomen, pelvis, or brain can be very hard to diagnose since the symptoms often mimic those of other diseases. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis of the lungs or abdomen can resemble tuberculosis or cancer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The cervicofacial region, thorax, abdomen, retroperitoneal space and subcutaneous tissues are the most commonly affected areas. (vetstream.com)
  • Actinomycosis infection that occurs in the abdomen. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Actinomycosis affects men more than women (M:F 3:1). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Cutaneous actinomycosis is a chronic disease that affects the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis primarily affects the soft-tissue. (eurorad.org)
  • Actinomycosis mainly affects adults but has been reported in children as well. (nih.gov)
  • [3] [4] Actinomycosis most often affects adults around ages 40 to 60. (nih.gov)
  • The most common form of actinomycosis affects the jaw area. (enetmd.com)
  • Another form of actinomycosis affects the pelvis in women, causing lower abdominal pain and bleeding between menstrual periods. (enetmd.com)
  • Actinomycosis, with infective arthritis and was given treat- on the other hand, affects the cervicofacial, ment but there was no improvement after 6 thoracic and abdominal regions. (who.int)
  • The lesions was diagnosed as actinomycosis by incisional biopsy , and since then was cured by using antibiotics of penicillin family . (bvsalud.org)
  • Cervicofacial lesions may appear following a wound in the mouth or a tooth extraction. (britannica.com)
  • In rare cases actinomycosis may be disseminated via the bloodstream, in which case lesions appear in most parts of the body. (britannica.com)
  • Several other fermentative actinomycetes have occasionally been isolated from actinomycosis-like lesions (Table 1). (enetmd.com)
  • She was diagnosed as left hip actinomycosis on Computed tomogram (CT) guided biopsy and histopathological analysis of infiltrative lesions identified on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Lesions of actinomycosis grow slowly over time 5,12 and the involvement of the bone and muscle tissue becomes so marked that it interferes with feeding, 9 which would explain the emaciation of the ox of this report. (askjpc.org)
  • Although cervico-facial actinomycosis is well described, primary actinomycosis of the parotid gland is rare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our aim was to identify characteristic imaging features that facilitated diagnosis in seven patients with cervicofacial actinomycosis. (ajnr.org)
  • Dental caries and gingivitis may be found in patients with cervicofacial actinomycosis, but these are common conditions. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Over 9 years, we collected seven cases of cervicofacial actinomycosis and reviewed the CT and MR findings to determine the imaging features suggestive of cervicofacial actinomycosis. (ajnr.org)
  • The presence of a red lump with draining sinuses on the head or neck is strongly suggestive of cervicofacial actinomycosis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although cervicofacial actinomycosis occurs infrequently, it should be included in the differential diagnosis when images show a soft-tissue mass with inflammatory changes and an infiltrative nature in the cervicofacial area. (ajnr.org)
  • The importance of cervicofacial actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of cervical masses in young patients is emphasized. (ebscohost.com)
  • We hope that this case report will raise the index of suspicion of our readers to include Meckel's diverticulitis secondary to actinomycosis in their next differential diagnosis of abdominal pain. (ispub.com)
  • In a case series of 23 patients with abdominal actinomycosis, approximately 50% of patients required emergency surgery for symptoms of peritonitis. (medscape.com)
  • When actinomycosis occurs in other parts of the body, symptoms can include cough, chest or stomach pain, fever, and weight loss. (nih.gov)
  • The following list includes the most common signs and symptoms in people with actinomycosis. (nih.gov)
  • The symptoms of actinomycosis vary greatly depending on the type of infection that occurs in the patient. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • The symptoms of actinomycosis vary considerably depending on the location of the occurrence of this condition. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Symptoms vary depending on the type of actinomycosis. (targetwoman.com)
  • 1 Immunosuppressed state, including diabetes, increases the risk of actinomycosis as well. (bmj.com)
  • During the visit the cervicofacial actinomycosis was diagnosed and the patient was administered treatment containing oral amoxycilin plus clavulanic acid among others. (worldwidescience.org)
  • The typical lesion of actinomycosis appears as a hard, non-tender swelling that develops slowly and eventually drains pus through sinus tracts. (microbeonline.com)
  • The main symptom of cervicofacial actinomycosis is the presence of a hard lump on the face or neck. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis is often called the "great masquerader" of the head and neck. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a bacterial infection that occurs most often in the face and neck. (nih.gov)
  • Actinomycosis formed an inflammatory mass mimicking recurrence of the tumor and resulted in neck sinus. (elsevier.com)
  • Numerous reports have linked the use of intrauterine contraceptive devices to the development of actinomycosis of the female genital tract. (medscape.com)
  • Actinomycosis is an infectious disease that appears throught the world, in cattle and human beings. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis can be diagnosed by a family doctor or dentist and the patient may be referred to an oral surgeon or infectious disease specialist. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a rare bacterium caused infectious disease which spreads from one body organ to the other through body tissues and blood. (healthdiseases.org)
  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome due to actinomycosis of the cavernous sinus: the infectious hypothesis revisited. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A letter to the editor about a case report of a 54-year-old male patient with a rare case of cutaneous actinomycosis is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • Primary cutaneous actinomycosis of upper extremity masquerading as soft tissue neoplasm: a case report. (ebscohost.com)
  • Primary cutaneous actinomycosis of the extremity is extremely rare. (ebscohost.com)
  • We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with primary cutaneous actinomycosis of the right forearm that had been erroneously diagnosed as. (ebscohost.com)
  • Primary Cutaneous Actinomycosis: A Case Report. (ebscohost.com)
  • Primary cutaneous actinomycosis is a rare entity. (ebscohost.com)
  • Patients with cutaneous actinomycosis may have an antecedent history of trauma or surgery. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • However, sporadic cases of cutaneous actinomycosis have also been reported in patients lacking a history of trauma, emphasizing the importance of a high degree of suspicion in clinically suggestive cases despite history. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • The patient was treated with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for 3 months, which produced complete clearance of her cervicofacial actinomycosis.Our case points out the pitfalls of diagnostic procedures in actinomycosis and the ability of this rare disease to mimic other medical conditions. (escholarship.org)
  • Attempt to cure actinomycosis, including extensive disease, with aggressive antimicrobial therapy alone initially. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracic disease accounts for 15% of all cases of actinomycosis. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial disease. (medscape.com)
  • Spinal actinomycosis: A rare disease. (ebscohost.com)
  • However, a report in 2004 on several cases of actinomycosis said that therapy depends on the individual case and that many patients today will be diagnosed in earlier stages of the disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The classical form of the disease is the cervicofacial type in which a middle aged patient presents with a large mass on the jaw. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The best way to reduce your chances of developing actinomycosis is to prevent dental disease by practicing good dental hygiene and regularly visiting your dentist. (coliseumhealthsystem.com)
  • We hereby report a case of actinomycosis of wrist and hand - a rare site, in a 33 years old male patient which resisted usual treatment of curettage and penicillin therapy and amputation was required to eradicate the disease. (ispub.com)
  • Actinomycosis has been called "the most misdiagnosed disease" and its entity remained a diagnostic challenge even to most experienced clinicians. (ispub.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis occurs infrequently, but represents the most common site of involvement of this disease, accounting for 50% of cases [1, 2]. (eurorad.org)
  • The genus is typically the cause of oral-cervicofacial disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another form of actinomycosis is thoracic disease, which is often misdiagnosed as a neoplasm, as it forms a mass that extends to the chest wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal disease is another manifestation of actinomycosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinomycosis may be considered when a patient has chronic progression of disease across tissue planes that is mass-like at times, sinus tract development that may heal and recur, and refractory infection after a typical course of antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for actinomycosis consists of antibiotics such as penicillin or amoxicillin for 5 to 12 months, as well as surgery if the disease is extensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcoholism, intravenous drug abuse, peptic ulcer, and biliary tract disease are risk factors for hepatic actinomycosis Footnote 3 . (canada.ca)
  • Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic infection that causes periodontal (gum and jaw) disease. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis can occur due to dental surgery, such as a tooth extraction, or root canal surgery , jaw surgery, tooth infection or gum disease and general injury, or trauma, to the mouth, jaw, or throat. (livelife.guide)
  • Because of the subacute to chronic pace of actinomycosis, it is most likely to be confused with malignancy, benign tumor or granulomatous disease (e.g., mycobacterial or fungal). (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Oral and cervicofacial diseases are commonly associated with dental procedures, trauma, oral surgery, or dental sepsis. (medscape.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis (CFA) is a rare but treatable infection that is more commonly seen in patients with poor dental hygiene, immunosuppressed patients, and patients with previous mucosal injury to the upper aerodigestive tract. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For example, actinomycosis commonly occurs after dental procedures, trauma, surgery, or aspiration Footnote 10 . (canada.ca)
  • This is the second most commonly occurring form of actinomycosis. (healthdiseases.org)
  • A commonly accepted principal treatment of actinomycosis comprises of long-term administration of a high-dose intravenous antibiotic such as penicillin. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Conclusion Isolated hepatic actinomycosis is a rare and often overlooked etiology for a liver mass. (worldwidescience.org)
  • We report a case of actinomycosis of the small intestine presenting as a perforation and requiring subsequent laparotomy and small bowel resection. (ebscohost.com)
  • The diagnosis of actinomycosis is based primarily on culture results and histopathologic evaluation of tissue specimens. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • The diagnosis of actinomycosis is based upon several things. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because the term 'actinomycosis' denotes a polyaetiological inflammatory syndrome rather than a condition attributable to a single actinomycete species, it should only be used in the plural. (enetmd.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a subacute chronic infection caused by the bacterium genus Actinmyces. (teroes.com)
  • A. naeslundii, A. meyeri, A. odontolyticus and A. viscosus are more rarely associated with actinomycosis Footnote 7 . (canada.ca)
  • A rare case of abdominal actinomycosis presenting as an inflammatory pseudotumour. (ebscohost.com)
  • Presents a letter to the editor about a rare case of abdominal actinomycosis affecting the mesentery of the small intestine presenting as an inflammatory tumor. (ebscohost.com)
  • Definitive diagnosis of actinomycosis was made by tissue biopsy after ruling out medical and hereditary conditions. (medscape.com)
  • One of the hallmarks of actinomycosis is its potential to dissect through tissue planes, disregarding normal anatomic barriers. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis is difficult to treat because of its dense tissue location. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 2 Antecedent tissue injury and infection in the cervicofacial region are important risk factors of actinomycosis. (bmj.com)
  • An affected human often has recently had dental workdervicofacial oral hygieneperiodontal diseaseradiation therapyor trauma broken jaw causing local tissue damage to the oral mucosaall of which predispose the person to developing actinomycosis. (invescofundsgroup.info)
  • Reported here is the unusual occurrence of actinomycosis of the liver involving the diaphragm and right lung. (hindawi.com)
  • Primary actinomycosis of the parotid gland is of rare occurrence and can mimic a malignant neoplasm both clinically as well as radiologically. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis accounts for about 50% of the cases. (ajnr.org)
  • In most cases of actinomycosis, antimicrobial therapy is the only treatment required, although surgery can be adjunctive in selected cases. (medscape.com)
  • Short-term treatment of actinomycosis: two cases and a review. (medscape.com)
  • We report two cases with cervical and dorsal actinomycosis and one of them with spinal. (ebscohost.com)
  • The cervicofacial type is the most common, accounting for about 55% of all cases. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Holes" in the Jaw-A Report of Two Cases of Periapical Actinomycosis. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The present paper reports 12 cases of actinomycosis confirmed by culture. (ajtmh.org)
  • Actinomycosis can affect people of all ages, but most cases occur in people from 20 to 50 years of age. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • Most cases of oral actinomycosis are caused by problems that occur in the jaw (such as jaw injuries) or other problems such as teeth and gums (such as tartar and tooth decay). (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • Most cases of oral actinomycosis are caused by problems with the jaw (eg jaw injury) or problems with teeth and gums (eg tartar and tooth decay). (teroes.com)
  • Fine needle aspiration is an effective tool in the diagnosis of actinomycosis although its documentation is rare. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Reports on a rare case of abdominal actinomycosis occurring in the spleen. (ebscohost.com)
  • Actinomycosis of the small intestine: A rare cause of perforation. (ebscohost.com)
  • Abdominal actinomycosis is extremely rare. (ebscohost.com)
  • Cervicofacial actinomycosis in children is a rare disorder. (ebscohost.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a relatively rare infection occurring in one out of 300,000(1/300,000) people per year. (encyclopedia.com)
  • haemophilum are rare, but cervicofacial lymphadenitis caused by M. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinomycosis involving the extremities is although rare but has been reported in literature. (ispub.com)
  • Because it is so rare, actinomycosis can be mistaken for other conditions and can be difficult to diagnose. (nih.gov)
  • Periapical actinomycosis is a relatively rare form of cervicofacial actinomycosis, which typically involves the periapical region with subsequent potential spread to the jaw bones. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Actinomycosis is a rare infection in the United States, which maybe due to the widespread use of antibiotics and dental hygiene practices that tend to be better than in many areas of the world. (naturallivingcenter.net)
  • While it is rare in general, the thoracic form actinomycosis constitutes ∼15% of the total burden of actinomycosis 3,4 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Actinomycosis is a non-contagious rare and chronic condition which occurs due to actinomycetales in the tissues of human body. (livelife.guide)
  • Actinomycosis is quite rare and the infection is local in one place in the body part. (bodyhealthmagz.com)
  • The contribution of associated aspects of poor health such as diabetes, cancer, malnutrition, etc. have been suggested, but a causal association is not firmly established and even in patients with many comorbidities it is rare to develop actinomycosis. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Actinomycosis is quite rare and the infection is localized in one spot of the body. (teroes.com)
  • The patient was found to have isolated hepatic actinomycosis infection after undergoing a laparotomy with a biopsy of the liver. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Histopathology of the biopsy from the sinus tract was suggestive of actinomycosis ( figure 1C ). (bmj.com)