Actinomycosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial: A form of ACTINOMYCOSIS characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses.Actinomyces: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.Mycobacterium haemophilum: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes granulomatous or ulcerating skin lesions in immunosuppressed persons. This organism owes its name to its requirement for growth of high levels of iron, conveniently supplied as blood, heme, or ferric ammonium citrate.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Lymphadenitis: Inflammation of the lymph nodes.Cheek: The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.Dental High-Speed Technique: Dental methods involving the use of DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT.Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.Vascular Malformations: A spectrum of congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities in BLOOD VESSELS that can adversely affect the normal blood flow in ARTERIES or VEINS. Most are congenital defects such as abnormal communications between blood vessels (fistula), shunting of arterial blood directly into veins bypassing the CAPILLARIES (arteriovenous malformations), formation of large dilated blood blood-filled vessels (cavernous angioma), and swollen capillaries (capillary telangiectases). In rare cases, vascular malformations can result from trauma or diseases.Granuloma, Foreign-Body: Histiocytic, inflammatory response to a foreign body. It consists of modified macrophages with multinucleated giant cells, in this case foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN-BODY), usually surrounded by lymphocytes.Bronchial DiseasesOophoritis: Inflammation of the OVARY, generally caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix.Pelvic Infection: Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.Actinomyces viscosus: A species of ACTINOMYCES found in the oral cavity of man and hamsters. It has been isolated from actinomycotic lesions in swine, cats, and dogs and has been identified as a causative agent of animal diseases.Skin Diseases, Bacterial: Skin diseases caused by bacteria.Colon, Ascending: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)Granulomatous Disease, Chronic: A defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by mutations in the CYBB gene, the condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by CYBA, NCF1, NCF2, or NCF4 gene mutations, the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Actinomycetaceae: A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Drug Monitoring: The process of observing, recording, or detecting the effects of a chemical substance administered to an individual therapeutically or diagnostically.Penicillin G: A penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It has also been used as an experimental convulsant because of its actions on GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID mediated synaptic transmission.Universal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.Penicillin G Procaine: Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.Penicillin Amidase: An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of penicillin to penicin and a carboxylic acid anion. EC 3.5.1.11.Penicillin G Benzathine: Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining the sodium salt of penicillin G with N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Cicatrix: The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.Combat Disorders: Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Communicable DiseasesInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Epithelial Attachment: A wedge-shaped collar of epithelial cells which form the attachment of the gingiva to the tooth surface at the base of the gingival crevice.Elaeagnaceae: A plant family of the order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae class Magnoliopsida. The plants have a characteristic silvery or rusty-colored sheen, caused by tiny distinctive scales. Flowers have a tubular structure of four sepals. Root nodules host the Frankia (ACTINOMYCETES) nitrogen-fixing symbionts.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)SulfonesPurines: A series of heterocyclic compounds that are variously substituted in nature and are known also as purine bases. They include ADENINE and GUANINE, constituents of nucleic acids, as well as many alkaloids such as CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE. Uric acid is the metabolic end product of purine metabolism.PiperazinesPhosphodiesterase Inhibitors: Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of phosphodiesterases.Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5.3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases: Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of cyclic GMP to yield guanosine-5'-phosphate.Erectile Dysfunction: The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.

Cervicofacial actinomycosis: CT and MR imaging findings in seven patients. (1/14)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervicofacial actinomycosis is uncommon, but without proper treatment it causes extensive tissue destruction. Early diagnosis is critical but usually difficult with cultures or imaging. Our aim was to identify characteristic imaging features that facilitated diagnosis in seven patients with cervicofacial actinomycosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR findings in seven patients with pathologically proved actinomycosis. Histologic diagnosis was made by means of surgical excision or biopsy in seven patients. Culturing was performed in two patients. Enhanced CT scans (n=7) and MR images (n=2) were evaluated for the location, margin, infiltrative nature, enhancement pattern, and presence of lymphadenopathy. RESULTS: CT and MR images showed either a well-defined (n=2) or ill-defined (n=5) mass. Involved areas included the nasal cavity (n=2), buccal space (n=1), pyriform sinus (n=1), aryepiglottic fold (n=1), oro- and hypopharynx (n=1) and tongue (n=1). Imaging confirmed the infiltrative nature, showing the tendency of the lesion to invade across tissue planes and boundaries (n=6). Moderate homogeneous contrast enhancement was seen on CT scans in six patients with several small low-attenuating foci (n=2). T1- and T2-weighted MR images showed intermediate signal intensity with moderate contrast enhancement (n=2). Reactive lymphadenopathy was associated in three patients. CONCLUSION: Although cervicofacial actinomycosis occurs infrequently, it should be included in the differential diagnosis when images show a soft-tissue mass with inflammatory changes and an infiltrative nature in the cervicofacial area.  (+info)

Human cervicofacial actinomycoses: microbiological data for 1997 cases. (2/14)

Actinomycoses are sporadically occurring endogenous polymicrobial inflammatory processes, in which fermentative actinomycetes of the genera Actinomyces, Propionibacterium, or Bifidobacterium act as the principal pathogens. Difficulties in diagnosing the disease in a timely and reliable fashion have led clinicians and microbiologists to grossly underestimate its medical importance. Therefore, we evaluated microbiological and selected clinical data derived from 1997 culture-positive cases of human cervicofacial actinomycoses examined in our laboratories during 1972-1999. The causative actinomycetes belonged to at least 9 different species, among which Actinomyces israelii and Actinomyces gerencseriae predominated. The well-known predisposition of male patients to acquire the disease varied with age and appeared to be especially pronounced in patients aged 20-60 years, the highest incidence being found in female patients aged 11-40 years and in male patients aged 21-50 years. The relevant procedures necessary for diagnosing human actinomycoses reliably, as well as details of their complex etiology, are discussed.  (+info)

Histopathologic examination to confirm diagnosis of periapical lesions: a review. (3/14)

Most periapical lesions are represented by inflammatory cysts, granulomas, abscesses or fibrous scars. These inflammatory conditions are often termed "endodontic lesions" because pulpal necrosis is the initiating event in their pathogenesis. Although rare, other clinically confusing periapical lesions have been extensively documented in numerous case reports and short case series. These lesions represent a wide range of pathosis, including various developmental cysts, infections, benign but locally aggressive lesions, and malignancies. The literature describing these lesions and the value of a histopathologic examination in diagnosis is reviewed.  (+info)

Short-term treatment of actinomycosis: two cases and a review. (4/14)

Recommendations for prolonged penicillin treatment of actinomycosis date from the early antibiotic era, when patients often presented with neglected, advanced disease and received interrupted therapy at suboptimal dosages. This report describes cases of esophageal and of cervicofacial actinomycosis treated successfully with short-term antibiotic therapy and reviews the literature. Many patients are cured with <6 months of antibiotic therapy. If short-term antibiotic treatment is attempted, the clinical and radiological response should be closely monitored. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is especially responsive to brief courses of antibiotic treatment.  (+info)

Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of cervicofacial actinomycosis: report of 15 cases. (5/14)

OBJECTIVES: Actinomycosis is quite an infrequent bacterial infection nowadays. However it can be considered in cases with a persistent cervicofacial disease. Although it is a bacterial infection, microbiologic cultures are frequently not diagnoses, therefore histopathologic studies and image studies are essential. Our interest is to explain our experience with cervicofacial actinomycosis; the clinical behaviour, evolution and treatment, always assisted by their elected diagnostic technique: the FNAC. STUDY DESIGN: In the last 16 years, 15 patients have been diagnosed with cervicofacial actinomycosis by FNAC, treated by Maxillofacial, Internal Medicine and Paediatrics units. Clinical course, evolution, anatomical space situation, antibiotic treatment, and surgical treatment have been studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an easy, safe and rapid method, with a high effect, that has made the final diagnosis in 15 cases in our Hospital. All the patients have had a good clinical evolution, only in one case did we need a new treatment for recidive. In all the cases treatment has been definitive. Our interest is to explain our experience in the treatment of cervicofacial actinomycosis, its clinical presentation and evolution, together with its elected method of diagnosis, FNAC.  (+info)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis: still a difficult differential diagnosis. (6/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis, a rare chronic infectious disease, is, however, an important clinical entity, due to the difficulties involved, still today, in its diagnosis. Following personal experience in a case referred to our Department, and in agreement with reports in the literature, attention is drawn to the presenting clinical manifestations, stressing that these are often confusing since they mimic those of other diseases, Moreover, many pre-operative investigations (radiological scans, incisional biopsy, fine-needle aspiration) are generally nonspecific. Finally, surgical excision of the mass is now the last essential step to make a definitive diagnosis and define the appropriate antibiotic therapy.  (+info)

Two unusual presentations of cervicofacial actinomycosis and review of the literature. (7/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common clinical form of actinomycosis. This bacterial infection is rare. Diagnosis is difficult, often it is definitive only after surgical excision of the cervicofacial mass. Personal experience is reported concerning two cases of cervicoactinomycosis. Diagnosis, in both cases, has been based on histological findings, not on clinical symptoms. A review of the literature shows that mainly males are affected by this condition and, in fact, both patients described here are males. Symptoms of acute infection were absent. Both patients denied any history of oromaxillofacial trauma or recent dental extraction or oral manipulations. Imaging techniques--ultrasonography and computerized tomography--were not effective in making the diagnosis, in either of these patients. Furthermore, fine needle aspiration cytology did not provide a definitive diagnosis. Both patients underwent surgical excision of the mass. Penicillin was the drug of choice in post-operative long-term treatment (one month). In one of the two men, intravenous steroids were administered. As in several reports in the literature, the definitive diagnosis was histological and not clinical.  (+info)

Actinomycotic pseudo-tumour of the mid-cervical region (a case report). (8/14)

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is today a rare disease in our country. Isolated actinomycotic neck masses are extremely rare. A case of young man with an isolated midcervical tumour like actinomycotic granuloma without sinuses or discharging granules is reported here.  (+info)

After first reporting of actinomycosis, misunderstood to fungal infection in 1845 by Van Langenbeck, Bollinger et al. assumed that Actinomyces bovis were fungus breaking out lumpy jaw in cow. Wolff et al. succeeded in isolation culture from human body in 1891 and Waksman concluded that Actinomyces are Gram-positive anerobic bactera, not fungus in 1960s [8].. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is usually associated with soft tissue of chin and neck area and make multiple fistula on skin with swelling. It is characterized by features that infection spreads ignoring anatomical plane. Infected skin has abscess with purplish red and indurated, wood-like area. Special sulfur granule is observed in fistula drainage. Since another fistula appears when the former fistula disappears, extensive scarring and facial deformity in prolonged duration of untreated patient with actinomycosis.. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis is rare, which accounts for about 12% of total osteomyelitis [9]. Cervicofacial actinomycotic ...
Aim: To discuss the iatrogenic cervicofacial emphysema and pneumomediastinum after endodontic treatment of maxillary premolar. Summary: A 25-year-old female was referred..
Ultrasound prenatal examination enables one to assess the facial skeleton and the neck from the first weeks of gestation. Cervicofacial tumors detected via prenatal ultrasound are very rarely reported fetal pathologies. They include cystic hygromas, teratomas, epulides, vascular tumors, and...
... - GPC: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de actinomicosis en el Adulto. Autores y infección del surco cérvico-facial a través de la facia profunda de cuello; o.
Actinomycosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Symptoms, abdominal actinomycosis Treatment and Prevention of ActinomycosisDefinition of Actinomycosis; Description of Actinomycosis; Diagnosis of Actinomycosis Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar REVIEW Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar Department of Surgery, Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Calow, Chesterfield, North Actinomycosis Treatment Abdominal Actinomycosis. Introduction. Actinomyces spp. are gram positive, nonmotile, unencapsulated, nonsporeforming, anaerobic abdominal actinomycosis bacterias which colonize in the normal Abdominal mass secondary to actinomyces infection: An unusual Abdominal actinomycosis may appear as an abdominal mass andor abscess. This mass can mimic a malignant tumour. The diagnosis and management of abdominal actinomycosis ...
... , Su-Jiun Hou, Yong Miao, Ping-Jen Hou, Shao-Ping Cheng, Zhi-Qi Hu
Treatment for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai. Find Doctors Near You, Book Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, Address, Phone Numbers and Reviews. Doctors for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai | Lybrate
Actinomycosis involving the extremities is although rare but has been reported in literature. Bose et al treated synovial actinomycosis of knee in a 32 year old woman with penicillin.2 Kumar et al reported actinomycosis of knee which was mimicking neoplasm but on surgical removal histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.3 Vandevelde et al have also reported actinomycosis of lower leg in a young man for which below knee amputation was done.4 Earlier, we have also reported a case of actinomycosis of knee for which above knee amputation was performed.5 Only few cases from an infection in hand have been reported in the literature.6,7 Actinomycosis has been called "the most misdiagnosed disease" and its entity remained a diagnostic challenge even to most experienced clinicians. Its chronic and indolent course resembles that of fungal infection, tuberculosis and malignancy and delays early diagnosis as happened in our case.. The present patient had a glass prick injury while working in ...
Reviews and ratings for vibra-tabs when used in the treatment of actinomycosis. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
Learn more about Actinomycosis at Coliseum Health System DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Actinomycosis of the rectum mimicking a malignant neoplasm. AU - Ji, Woongbae. AU - Kwak, Jung Myun. AU - Kim, Jin. AU - Kim, Seon Hahn. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/ans.12579. DO - 10.1111/ans.12579. M3 - Article. C2 - 24894041. AN - SCOPUS:84901754650. VL - 84. SP - 497. JO - ANZ Journal of Surgery. JF - ANZ Journal of Surgery. SN - 1445-1433. IS - 6. ER - ...
An oblique sagittal T1-weighted magnetic resonance image shows temporofacial and cervicofacial rami of the facial nerve emerging through the petrotympanic fissu
In this report, a posttraumatic scar with unusual behavior is discussed. How was actinomycosis diagnosed and ultimately treated in this case?
Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. About 70% of infections are due to either Actinomyces israelii or A. gerencseriae. Infection can also be caused by other Actinomyces species, as well as Propionibacterium propionicus, which presents similar symptoms. The condition is likely to be polymicrobial aerobic anaerobic infection. The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs, breast, or gastrointestinal tract. Actinomycosis abscesses grow larger as the disease progresses, often over months. In severe cases, they may penetrate the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and leak large amounts of pus, which often contains characteristic granules (sulfur granules) filled with progeny bacteria. These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. These bacteria ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Primary vesical actinomycosis. T2 - a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies.. AU - Lee, Kyoung Rae. AU - Ko, Young Su. AU - Yu, Jeong Woo. AU - Yoon, Cheol Yong. AU - Kim, Chul Hwan. AU - Yoon, Duck Ki. PY - 2002/2/1. Y1 - 2002/2/1. N2 - Primary vesical actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. In most cases it is misdiagnosed as vesical or urachal tumor and usually diagnosed through post-operative pathologic confirmation. Here we report a case of primary vesical actinomycosis confirmed by preoperative repeated multiple transabdominal biopsies. The patient was a 49-yr-old woman who presented with frequency, dysuria, and intermittent gross hematuria for 2 months. Computed tomography and cystoscopic examination showed broad-based, edematous, and protruding mass at the dome and anterior portion of the bladder. The clinical and imaging findings of the patient initially suggested vesical malignancy. Transurethral resection and multiple biopsies of the mass were ...
Actinomyces are gram-positive aerobic-growing bacteria that are part of human bacterial flora. They usually occur in a commensal relationship with the host, growing, in particular, on teeth and other surfaces in the mouth. Actinomyces infections, which are more prevalent among men than among women (3:1), usually affect patients in their fourth decade and most often involve A. israeli (85%). A. meyeri is less common. Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic actinomycosis is uncommon. Pulmonary infections and hematogeneous spread result more often from A. meyeri than from other actinomycetal species.1 Dentogingival disease is a risk factor for acquiring A. meyeri infection, and alcoholics are at high risk for pulmonary actinomycosis because of their poor dental health and the higher likelihood of aspiration of oral secretions.. Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding ...
Actinomycosis Definition Actinomycosis is an infection primarily caused by the bacterium Actinomyces israelii. Infection most often occurs in the face and neck region and is characterized by the presence of a slowly enlarging, hard, red lump.
Thoracic actinomycosis refers to an uncommon indolent infection caused principally by the genus Actinomyces (higher prokaryotic bacteria belonging to the family Actinomyceataceae). Epidemiology While it is rare in general, the thoracic form act...
The most common physical finding of actinomycosis is a woody, hard, palpable mass with a subacute clinical course. About half of the patients present with a low-grade fever (1). The lack of responsiveness to empirical antibiotic therapy, the presentation of a chronic palpable mass, and the difficulty in establishing the microbiologic diagnosis make it difficult to differentiate this mass from a neoplasm, granulomatous disease, or a fungal infection on the basis of the initial presentation (1, 4).. Actinomyces species are anaerobic bacteria that cannot penetrate healthy tissue, and mucosal breakdown is a prerequisite for infection. About half of the patients have a history of local trauma resulting in mucosal breakdown (1). Poor dental hygiene, caries, oral trauma, dental extraction, and an immunocompromised status are considered to be important antecedents (1, 4). Determining if a patient has a history of these risk factors may be helpful in establishing a correct diagnosis. In cervicofacial ...
INTRODUCTION. Although many of the strains of Actinomyces are highly sensitive in vitro to many antimicrobial agents, the disease caused in human beings by these microörganisms continues to present difficult therapeutic problems. The distinctive character of the tissue reaction offers a logical explanation for some of these problems. The involved areas are usually extensive, markedly indurated, and relatively avascular in the region of the active growth of the Actinomyces. These features suggest serious difficulty in getting a bactericidal concentration of the effective drug into areas of active infection, and raise serious doubts concerning the possibility of restoring the involved tissues ...
Actinomyces viscosus noncontagious bacterial infection is grown in test tubes. From (left to right) aerobic (with oxygen), carbon dioxide (CO2), and anaerobic (without oxygen) plus CO2.
The dogs abscesses will be drained and lavaged for several days. In some cases, a penrose drain will be utilized, whereby a soft rubber tube is placed in the affected area to prevent fluid buildup. Depending on the severity of the infection, your veterinarian may also need to debride (cut open and/or remove tissue) or remove bone, which will require surgery.. Many veterinarians recommend the administration of antibiotics for a minimum of three to four months after the resolution of all signs. This will assist in fighting against other commonly associated microbes.. ...
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports focusing on gastroenterology, hepatology, pancreas and biliary, and related cancers.
Pulmonary actinomycosis is usually secondary to aspiration; less commonly it is secondary to hematogenous dissemination. Pneumonia develops, and it tends to invade the pleura, resulting in empyema necessitatis, and fistula draining through the chest wall. With empyema formation, erosion of adjacent ribs frequently results. Actinomycosis of the lung and pleura become more complicated when the mediastinum, pericardium, thoracic vertebrae, or subphrenic spaces become infected.. Actinomycosis of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly develops in the ileocecal region, but the infection can also arise in the gastric or anorectal areas. Patients with the disease often show a previous history of appendicitis. Actinomycotic infection of the bone is usually a result of an adjacent soft tissue infection (75 percent), but may be associated with trauma (e.g. fracture of the mandible (19 percent), or it may be hematogenous 3 percent) Infection involving the facial bones, especially the mandible, represents ...
Pathogenicity - causes the disease actinomycosis. In man it is usually caused by A. israelli. They are commensals of mouth, therefore endogenous cause of disease. The disease is a chronic granulomatous infection occuring in human beings and animals. It is characterized by the development of indurated swellings, in the connective tissue, suppuration and the discharge of sulfur granules. Actinomycosis in human beings is an endogenous infection. The actinomyces species are normally present in the mouth, intestine, vagina as commensals. Actinomycosis in human beings occurs in 4 forms : (a) Cervicofacial - indurated lesions on the cheek and submaxillary regions. (b) Thoracic - lesions in the lung involving pleura and pericardium and spread outwards through the chest wall. (c) Abdominal - lesion around the cecum, neighbouring tissues and the abdominal wall, sometimes spread to the liver. (d) Pelvic - lesion on the pelvic region, associated with the use of intrauterine devices. ...
Successful reconstruction of the cheek following excision for cutaneous malignancy requires careful consideration of defect location, size, and depth in relation to the anatomic properties of the affected cheek unit. Various reconstructive options are available to the surgeon, ranging from simple excisions to complex cervicofacial advancements to meet the needs for functional and aesthetically pleasing reconstructive outcomes. The surgeon must prevent distortion of mobile structures, such as the eyelid, nose, and lips; respect aesthetic subunits; and avoid blunting natural creases. This discussion covers choice of flap, techniques, and technical considerations for medial/perinasal, perilabial, preauricular, lateral, and zygomatic cheek defects ...
Contributor Comment: Actinomycosis is a pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis that primarily affects cattle and is caused by the gram-positive bacterium Actinomyces bovis.9 Occasionally other species such as pigs, deer, sheep, goats and horses are affected.9 A similar species of bacterium, A. israeli, is responsible for the disease in human beings.6 The affected bone is thickened from multiple coalescing py-ogranulomas that impart to the bone tissue a honeycomb appearance.5 The inoculation of A. bovis - a commensal organism of the oral cavity - into the oral mucosa of animals can be facilitated by small wounds from hard straw present in the feed, foreign bodies and dental eruption. 9. Although actinomycosis has been described in cattle at unusual sites such as the penis and in the maxilla, as in the case presented here, the classical presentation in cattle is in the mandible and rarely in the maxilla.9,12 It is likely that the reason the mandible is the preferred site is because the direction of ...
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Definition of Actinomycosis at Define.com Simple Ad-Free English Dictionary with Hyperlinks to The Free World Bank - A BIG Thinking Scientific Save the World High Level Concept on Amazon S3
As the aetiology of human actinomycoses is always polymicrobial, the antibacterial drugs used for treatment should in principle cover both the causative actinomycetes and all of the concomitant bacteria. This usually requires the administration of drug combinations in which aminopenicillins currently represent the therapeutic basis because they are slightly more active against the pathogenic actinomycetes than is penicillin G and because they are able to inhibit Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans which is usually resistant to narrow-spectrum penicillins. However, the presence of concomitant β-lactamase producers such as Bacteroides fragilis, B. thetaiotaomicron, or Staphylococcus aureus (β-lactamase producing) may impair the therapeutic efficacy of aminopenicillins and that of many other β-lactams so that the combination with a β-lactamase inhibitor is advisable or even necessary.. For cervicofacial actinomycoses, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid has proved to be the ...
PubMed journal article: Pelvic actinomycosis mimicking ovarian malignancy: three cases. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Bacteremia, pneumonia, endocarditis, pericarditis, empyema, meningitis, other severe infections (due to streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci): minimum of 5million Units per day. Syphilis: dosage and duration determined by age of patient and stage of disease. Gonorrheal endocarditis and arthritis: minimum 5million Units per day. Meningococcal meningitis: 1-2million Units IM every 2 hours, or continuous IV drip of 20-30million Units/day. Actinomycosis: 1-6million Units/day for cervicofacial cases; 10-20million Units/day for thoracic and abdominal disease. Clostridial infections: 20million Units/day as adjunctive therapy to antitoxin. Fusospirochetal infections: 5-10million Units/day. Rat-bite fever: 12-15million Units/day for 3-4 weeks. Listeria infections: Neonates: 500,000-1million Units/day. Adults with meningitis: 15-20million Units/day for 2 weeks. Adults with endocarditis: 15-20million Units/day for 4 weeks. Pasteurella infections: Bacteremia and meningitis: 4-6million Units/day for 2 ...
OBJECTIVES: To review simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy (IOS) with immediate surgical resection for the treatment of cervicofacial venous malformations (VMs) at a single institution. While pre-operative sclerotherapy (POS) has been reported in the literature, simultaneous intra-operative sclerotherapy and surgery in the operating room has not. METHODS: The database from the Hemangioma and Vascular Birthmarks Clinic was reviewed. All patients in both groups had biopsy-proven VMs. RESULTS: IOS was used in 11 surgical patients with average age 17 years. Sclerotherapy was performed with sodium tetradecyl sulfate 3%, absolute alcohol or bleomycin. Immediately after IOS, and under the same anesthetic, all patients had either complete resection or debulking of the VMs. Eight patients had complete resolution of their VM and 3 had improvement. Average duration of the combined procedures done under a single anesthetic was 121â ¯min. The POS approach was used for 6 surgical patients with average ...
Aims: To describe the diagnostic aspects, surgical indications and post-operative complications of thyroidectomies performed in our department. Materials and method: A descriptive retrospective study that took place in the ENT Department and Cervicofacial Surgery of Gabriel TOURE University Hospital of Bamako. We did a comprehensive sampling of all goiter cases from January 2013 to December 2018. Were included in the study, the records of patients of all ages and genders, admitted into the ward and scheduled for thyroidectomy (partial or total). The exclusion criteria were incomplete hospitalization records. There were a total of 139 files were retained. Results: In 60 months, 139 cases were collected out of 1720 patients hospitalized for surgery, representing a hospital prevalence of 8.08%. The average age was 46.89 years. (123 women and 16 men). The socio-professional categories were dominated by housewives (68.34%). The reported functional signs were tachycardia, asthenia and other signs of
Radiological findings of a pancreatic solid lesion immediately raise the suspicion of adenocarcinoma. However, differential diagnosis may include
GROSS: NERVOUS: Brain: Abscess: Gross fixed tissue coronal section cerebral hemispheres brown colored abscess actinomycosis - 00004883.jpg
To the Editor:. Pneumothorax and spontaneous pneumomediastinum should be considered in an Ecstasy user who complains of chest pain, neck pain, or shortness of breath (1-5). We report a case of a patient who presented with subcutaneous cervical air emphysema and spontaneous pneumomediastinum associated with Ecstasy use.. A 27-year-old man was admitted to the hospital, complaining of sudden chest pain and dyspnea. He had taken one tablet of Ecstasy and was an occasional drug abuser. No history of trauma or surgery was reported. Initial examination showed cervicofacial and thoracic subcutaneous air emphysema. The initial chest radiograph showed emphysema in the cervicofacial, thoracic, and axillary regions with no evidence of rib fracture or pneumothorax. The results of the esophagogram, otolaryngologic examination, and bronchoscopy ruled out any abnormality. The chest CT demonstrated air in the subcutaneous, visceral, and carotid spaces of the neck, extending along the anterior mediastinal space. ...
Journal of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery revue de la SFCO. Elle est consacrée à l étude et au traitement des affections de la cavité buccale, ainsi qu à la formation continue, à la recherche et aux progrès techniques et scientifiques
Journal of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery revue de la SFCO. Elle est consacrée à l étude et au traitement des affections de la cavité buccale, ainsi qu à la formation continue, à la recherche et aux progrès techniques et scientifiques
Botryomycosis; also known as bacterial pseudomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous bacterial infection that affects the skin, and sometimes the viscera. Botryomycosis has been known to affect humans, horses, cattle, swine, dogs and cats. There are only a handful of documented cases of botryomycosis in humans, and its pathogenesis is not completely understood. However, it is usually described in individuals with impaired immunity, or with an underlying disease such as diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis or HIV infection. Staphylococcus aureus is usually the organism that causes the infection, however it can also be caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or several other species of bacteria. The anatomic structure of its lesion is similar to that of actinomycosis and eumycetoma, and its granules resemble the sulfur granules of actinomycosis. The disease was originally discovered by Otto Bollinger (1843-1909) in 1870, and its name was coined by Sebastiano Rivolta (1832-1893) in 1884. The name refers to ...
Although pulmonary artery aneurysms are a rare vascular anomaly, they are seen in a wide variety of conditions, such as congenital heart disease, infection, trauma, pulmonary hypertension, cystic medial necrosis and generalized vasculitis. To our kno
This case report explores an unusual presentation of a commensal organism, Actinomyces, which mimicked a presentation of ovarian cancer. A 73-year-old woman presented to a tertiary level hospital with persistent left iliac fossa abdominal pain, anorexia and fever lasting over one week, with a three-month history of bright rectal bleeding. Imaging was suggestive of malignancy. Fine needle aspiration of an enlarged lymph node was non-diagnostic. Blood cultures taken at presentation became positive after two days for Gram-positive rods, which were most likely Actinomyces. The patient was treated with penicillin 1.8 g four hourly with rapid improvement. Actinomycosis is frequently misdiagnosed as malignancy initially due to its relatively indolent course. Lesions often resolve with antibiotics, without the need for surgical intervention.. Keywords: Actinomyces, Actinomyces turicensis, infection, mimicking, ovarian ...
INDEX. ABBE condenser and oil-immersion lenses, hints as to the use of, 86 Acid, carbolic, value of, as a germi- cide, 118 Acids and alkalies, production of, by bacteria, 54 Actinomyces bo vis, 260 Actinomycosis, 260 fungus of, 261 growth of, 262 in man, 263 of human liver, 264 resemblance of, to tuberculosis, 262 Activity, vital, in bacteria, results of, 50 Adhesion preparation, 147 .Aerobic bacteria, 45 Aerogenic bacteria, 50, 54 Agar-agar as a culture-medium, 129 advantages of, over gelatin, 150 blood, 131 hemoglobin, 131 preparation of, 129 sedimentation of, 130 Air, bacteriologic examination of, 164 Hesses apparatus, 165 Petris filter for, 166 Sedgwicks expanded tube, i67 value of, 167 micro-organisms in, 164 pathogenic bacteria in, 164 Alexin, 78 Alkali albumin ate, Deyckes, 133 Alkaline blood-serum, 133 31 Alkaloids, animal, 51 putrefactive, 51 Anaerobic bacteria, 45 cultivation of, 153 cultures, Novys jars for, 156 Anilin dyes and bacteria, affinity between, 90 classification of, 90 ...
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Semantic Scholar extracted view of Cervicofacial lymphadenitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria; host, environmental or bacterial factors? by Jakko van Ingen et al.
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of large defects in the temporal region can be performed with skin grafts or pedicled or free flaps. Results are often not optimal because of the patch of a skin graft, lack of availability of local flaps, and distant skin from free flaps. A technique for reconstruction of these defects with local tissue is presented in this article that uses superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) plication to allow wide advancement of a cervicofacial flap. METHODS: Once the defect is outlined, a face-lift-like skin incision is used to raise the flap. The SMAS is plicated with two purse-string sutures that relieve tension on the flap and allow maximal advancement. Thirteen face-lift SMAS plication flaps were used in 12 patients (mean age, 70.2 years) after cancer resection, which was bilateral in one case. Defects up to 8 cm in largest diameter can be closed. In one case of an 8 × 6-cm defect, a 1 × 1.5-cm skin graft was necessary. RESULTS: All flaps healed uneventfully, and no ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
In This Topic Pneumococcal Infections Symptoms and Diagnosis Prevention and Treatment Back to Top Section Infections Subject Bacterial Infections Topics Introduction· Actinomycosis· Anthrax· Bejel ... pneumococcal vaccine. Penicillin is the preferred antibiotic for most pneumococcal infections. It is taken by mouth for ear and sinus infections and given intravenously for more severe infections ... ...
As the nerve exits the stylomastoid foramen, it gives off a sensory branch that supplies part of the external acoustic meatus and tympanic membrane. It then passes between the posterior belly of the digastric muscle and the stylohyoid muscle and enters the parotid gland. Lying between the deep and superficial lobes of the gland the nerve divides into to main branches at the pes anserinus (Latin: duck foot) - a superior temporofacial and and inferior cervicofacial branches. From the anterior border of the gland, five branches emerge; temporal, zygomatic, buccal, mandibular (marginal) and cervical (see facial nerve branches mnemonic here). The temporal branch runs with the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) over the zygomatic arch. This branch is at risk during surgery in this region. To avoid damage procedures should be deep to the SMAS (e.g. zygomatic fracture repairs). The mandibular branch, in 80% of cases, runs along the lower border of the mandible (thus also referred to as ...
Micrograph of actinomycosis, H&E stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, GMS stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, Gram stain Holt JG, ... The genus is typically the cause of oral-cervicofacial disease. It is characterized by a painless "lumpy jaw". Lymphadenopathy ... Another form of actinomycosis is thoracic disease, which is often misdiagnosed as a neoplasm, as it forms a mass that extends ... Actinomycosis may be considered when a patient has chronic progression of disease across tissue planes that is mass-like at ...
Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases Article on Cervicofacial actinomycosis NCBI Splenogonadal fusion: case ... The agents of actinomycosis are now known to be endogenous organisms of the mucous membranes, in most cases Actinomyces ... In 1890 Bostroem reportedly isolated the causative organism of actinomycosis from a culture of grain, grasses, and soil. After ... Investigations on actinomycosis in humans), 1891. ISBN Recherche (biographical information) [1] Mandell, Bennett, & Dolin: ...
... actinomycosis MeSH C01.252.410.040.137.262 --- actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.252.410.040.137.631 --- whipple disease ... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.252.825.150 --- angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C01.252.825.210 --- ecthyma MeSH C01.252. ... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C01.539.800.720.150 --- angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C01.539.800.720.210 --- ecthyma MeSH ...
... actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C17.800.838.765.150 --- angiomatosis, bacillary MeSH C17.800.838.765.210 --- ecthyma MeSH ...
Cervicofacial, pulmonary/thoracic and gastrointestinal forms exist, yet cervicofacial disease accounts for two-thirds of ... Cutaneous actinomycosis is a chronic disease that affects the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. Caused by an anaerobic, ... Roy D, Roy PG, Misra PK (2003). "An interesting case of primary cutaneous actinomycosis". Dermatology Online Journal. 9 (5): 17 ... "Primary cutaneous actinomycosis". International Journal of Dermatology. 47 (12): 1271-3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03854.x. ...
"Temporomandibular disorders: referred cranio-cervico-facial clinic" (PDF). Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral Y Cirugia Bucal. 10 ... Actinomycosis. *Angioedema. *Basal cell carcinoma. *Cutaneous sinus of dental origin. *Cystic hygroma ...
Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic ... Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding gingival trauma. Radiographically, a mass ... Penicillin G is the treatment of choice for actinomycosis, although other agents are active in vitro and in vivo, such as ... In many cases of extended pulmonary actinomycosis, only thoracoscopic resection or fine-needle biopsy have led to the correct ...
Make research projects and school reports about actinomycosis easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... Fifty percent of actinomycosis cases are of the head and neck region (also called "lumpy jaw" and "cervicofacial actinomycosis ... Actinomycosis Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Actinomycosis. Definition. Actinomycosis is ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis can be diagnosed by a family doctor or dentist and the patient may be referred to an oral surgeon ...
Bose et al treated synovial actinomycosis of knee in a 32 year old woman with penicillin.2 Kumar et al reported actinomycosis ... The common sites of infection are cervicofacial, thoracic, abdominal, primary cutaneous and pelvic. Wrist joint with hand is a ... Actinomycosis Of Hand And Wrist: A Case Report. Z Singh Kundu, R Singh, P Rana, R Bala, S Sangwan, P Walecha ... Synovial actinomycosis of the knee: a case report. Br J Surg 1979; 66: 437.. 3. Kumar A, Detrisac DA, Krecke DF, Jimenez MC. ...
Thoracic actinomycosis refers to an uncommon indolent infection caused principally by the genus Actinomyces (higher prokaryotic ... especially in those with poor oral hygiene or from extension of cervicofacial infections), and is thought to be responsible for ... lung parenchymal actinomycosis / pulmonary actinomycosis - is probably the commonest form. * bronchiectatic form of ... While it is rare in general, the thoracic form actinomycosis constitutes ∼15% of the total burden of actinomycosis 3,4. ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common form of the disease, however. The lesion typically begins as a painful, ... Actinomycosis of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly develops in the ileocecal region, but the infection can also arise in ... Actinomycosis of the lung and pleura become more complicated when the mediastinum, pericardium, thoracic vertebrae, or ... Pelvic actinomycosis, now reported with increasing frequency, is associated with the use of intrauterine devices. ...
To prevent thoracic actinomycosis, meticulous oral hygiene is essential in cervicofacial actinomycosis patient. ... cervicofacial (55%), abdominopelvic (20%), thoracic (15%) depending on the region [4]. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most ... Periapical actinomycosis, less invasive subtype of cervicofacial actinomycosis, has been reported, too [6]. ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is usually associated with soft tissue of chin and neck area and make multiple fistula on skin with ...
Related to Actinomycotic infections: actinomycosis, cervicofacial actinomycosis actinomycosis. (ăktənōmīkō`sĭs), chronic ... Animal actinomycosis. Animal actinomycosis may occur at any time of the year but appears most often during indoor periods when ... Actinomycosis also occurs in horses, cattle, swine, and dogs; it resembles human actinomycosis, but is caused by various other ... Human actinomycosis. Human actinomycosis comprises 6-8 percent of all chronic suppurative processes. The disease was first ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis presenting as a fixed jaw swelling in an elderly individual can mimic malignancy and pose a ... Pediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis disclosing an underlying congenital dermoid cyst. Directory of Open Access Journals ( ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an uncommon and progressive infection caused by bacilli of the Actinomyces genus that typically ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an uncommon and progressive infection caused by bacilli of the Actinomyces genus that typically ...
Few reports describe the imaging findings of cervicofacial actinomycosis. CT findings of cervicofacial actinomycosis include an ... Clinical manifestation occurs in one of three forms: cervicofacial, abdominal-pelvic, or pulmonary actinomycosis. Cervicofacial ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: CT and MR Imaging Findings in Seven Patients. Ji Kang Park, Ho Kyu Lee, Hyun Kwon Ha, Hae Young ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: CT and MR Imaging Findings in Seven Patients. Ji Kang Park, Ho Kyu Lee, Hyun Kwon Ha, Hae Young ...
Cervico-facial actinomycosis. Clinical Information *A form of actinomycosis characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code *A42.2 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can ... Actinomycosis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Type 1 Excludes*actinomycetoma (B47.1) ...
Actinomycosis still poses a diagnostic challenge. It is important for clinicians to consider the possibility of such rare ... Paediatric cervicofacial actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Actinomyces spp. and usually presents as a ...
... clearance of her cervicofacial actinomycosis.Our case points out the pitfalls of diagnostic procedures in actinomycosis and the ... anaerobic to microaerophilic bacteria.We report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis in an 86-year-old woman undergoing ... The diagnosis of culture-negative actinomycosis was based on histolopathology findings and the isolation of companion bacteria ... Actinomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous infection caused by Gram-positive, non-acid-fast, ...
CARNEIRO, Gleicy Gabriela Vitória Spínola et al. Cervicofacial actinomycosis: a case report. Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo- ... The purpose of the present article is to report a case of cervicofacial actinomycosis, describing and discussing its methods of ... This clinical case of cervicofacial actinomycosis reported here emphasizes the importance of this condition and the need for an ... Keywords : Actinomycosis [diagnosis]; Actinomyces; Infection; Infection Control. · abstract in Portuguese · text in Portuguese ...
Actinomycosis (cervico-facial disease and thoracic and abdominal disease). Actinomyces israelii. Botulism (adjunctive therapy ...
Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial disease. 1 to 6 million units/day(*). Thoracic and abdominal disease. 10 to 20 million units/day(* ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis and mandibular osteomyelitis.. Sharkawy AA.. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2007 Jun;21(2):543-56, viii ...
Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial disease. Thoracic and abdominal disease. 1 to 6 million units/day(*) ...
Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic bacterial infection caused by filamentous, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic-to- ... Human cervicofacial actinomycoses: microbiological data for 1997 cases. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 15. 37(4):490-7. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (Actinomycosis) and Actinomycosis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: Diagnosis and Management. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2005 May. 7(3):170-174. [Medline]. ...
As they say, we agree that it is very important to consider actinomycosis in recurrent chronic cervicofacial suppurative ... we agree with the fact that it is not usual to consider actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of cervicofacial infections ... Incidence rate of forms of actinomycosis. Incidence rate (cases/1,000,000 residents) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total By age ... Actinomycosis is a chronic, rare, suppurative and very progressive infection,2 about which there are few studies in Colombia ...
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Pediatric Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: An Unusual Cause of Head and Neck Masses.. Thacker SA, Healy CM. ...
Cervicofacial. * Thoracic. * Abdominal. * Pelvic. * Central nervous system. Pus (aspirate, swab or tissue biopsy) for histology ...
How was actinomycosis diagnosed and ultimately treated in this case? ... Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative granulomatous infection most commonly involving the cervicofacial region. Clinical ... Craniofacial Actinomycosis. Ritesh Panda, DNB; Vivek Kumar, MS, DNB; Shiv Shankar Saha, MS, MCh; Lalit Choudhary, MS, MCh; ... Definitive diagnosis of actinomycosis was made by tissue biopsy after ruling out medical and hereditary conditions. He required ...
Cervicofacial actinomycosis: The most common predisposing factor for cervicofacial actinomycosis is some kind of disruption of ... Cervicofacial Actinomycosis. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is overwhelmingly the most common form in pediatrics. It accounts for ... How can actinomycosis be prevented?. Given the strong association of cervicofacial disease with dental caries, good oral ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis:. Malignancy (in particular lymphoma), extrapulmonary tuberculosis, bacterial adenitis, Bartonella ...
Actinomycosis, chronic bacterial infection of humans and cattle that is caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic (oxygen- ... The most prevalent form is cervicofacial actinomycosis ("lumpy jaw" in cattle), which affects primarily the jaws, neck, and ... and abdominal and pelvic actinomycosis. Thoracic actinomycosis may result from inhalation of the organism into the air passages ... In rare cases actinomycosis may be disseminated via the bloodstream, in which case lesions appear in most parts of the body. ...
  • However, a report in 2004 on several cases of actinomycosis said that therapy depends on the individual case and that many patients today will be diagnosed in earlier stages of the disease. (encyclopedia.com)
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