Actinomycosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial: A form of ACTINOMYCOSIS characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses.Actinomyces: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.Bronchial DiseasesOophoritis: Inflammation of the OVARY, generally caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix.Pelvic Infection: Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.Actinomyces viscosus: A species of ACTINOMYCES found in the oral cavity of man and hamsters. It has been isolated from actinomycotic lesions in swine, cats, and dogs and has been identified as a causative agent of animal diseases.Skin Diseases, Bacterial: Skin diseases caused by bacteria.Colon, Ascending: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Actinomycetaceae: A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms.Propionibacterium: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose cells occur singly, in pairs or short chains, in V or Y configurations, or in clumps resembling letters of the Chinese alphabet. Its organisms are found in cheese and dairy products as well as on human skin and can occasionally cause soft tissue infections.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Entamoeba histolytica: A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Entamoeba: A genus of ameboid protozoa characterized by the presence of beaded chromatin on the inner surface of the nuclear membrane. Its organisms are parasitic in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Epididymal Secretory Proteins: Proteins secreted by the epididymal epithelium. These proteins are both tissue- and species-specific. They are important molecular agents in the process of sperm maturation.CA-125 Antigen: Carbohydrate antigen most commonly seen in tumors of the ovary and occasionally seen in breast, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract tumors and normal tissue. CA 125 is clearly tumor-associated but not tumor-specific.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency: Backflow of blood from the PULMONARY ARTERY into the RIGHT VENTRICLE due to imperfect closure of the PULMONARY VALVE.Bloodless Medical and Surgical Procedures: The treatment of patients without the use of allogeneic BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS or blood products.Behcet Syndrome: Rare chronic inflammatory disease involving the small blood vessels. It is of unknown etiology and characterized by mucocutaneous ulceration in the mouth and genital region and uveitis with hypopyon. The neuro-ocular form may cause blindness and death. SYNOVITIS; THROMBOPHLEBITIS; gastrointestinal ulcerations; RETINAL VASCULITIS; and OPTIC ATROPHY may occur as well.Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.OsteomyelitisIntrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Granulomatous Disease, Chronic: A defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by mutations in the CYBB gene, the condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by CYBA, NCF1, NCF2, or NCF4 gene mutations, the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.

Actinomyces and nocardia infections in immunocompromised and nonimmunocompromised patients. (1/212)

A retrospective survey of nocardia and actinomyces infections in five local hospitals was conducted over a 3-year period in El Paso, Texas, a border city, in the southwestern United States. The medical records of 42 patients with suspected nocardiosis or actinomycosis were reviewed. One patient was diagnosed with actinomyces and 12 patients with nocardia. Microbiological data included morphologic characteristics, biochemical profile, and susceptibility testing. Predisposing factors included leukemia, renal insufficiency, renal transplant, and lymphoma. No predisposing factors were found in 67% (n = 8) of patients (including the patient with actinomycosis). Twenty-three percent (n = 3) of patients had disseminated disease without evidence of underlying disease or immunosuppression. The mortality and morbidity of these infections appeared to be low.  (+info)

Pathogenesis of cancrum oris (noma): confounding interactions of malnutrition with infection. (2/212)

This study showed that impoverished Nigerian children at risk for cancrum oris (noma) had significantly reduced plasma concentrations of zinc (< 10.8 micromol/L), retinol (< 1.05 micromol/L), ascorbate (< 11 micromol/L), and the essential amino acids, with prominently increased plasma and saliva levels of free cortisol, compared with their healthy counterparts. The nutrient deficiencies, in concert with previously reported widespread viral infections (measles, herpesviruses) in the children, would impair oral mucosal immunity. We postulate, subject to additional studies, that evolution of the oral mucosal ulcers including acute necrotizing gingivitis to noma is triggered by a consortium of microorganisms of which Fusobacterium necrophorum is a key component. Fusobacterium necrophorum elaborates several dermonecrotic toxic metabolites and is acquired by the impoverished children via fecal contamination resulting from shared residential facilities with animals and very poor environmental sanitation.  (+info)

Childhood actinomycosis. Report of 3 recent cases. (3/212)

Three cases of childhood actinomycosis are reported, 2 with the commonest presentation of cervicofacial abscess and the third with a rarely reported superficial chest wall abscess. The importance of prompt bacteriological diagnosis and adequate treatment with surgical drainage and chemotherapy is stressed. Though in adults males are affected more frequently than females, the sexes are probably equally affected in childhood.  (+info)

Endobronchial actinomycosis simulating endobronchial tuberculosis: a case report. (4/212)

We report a case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with mild exertional dyspnea and cough. Fiberoptic bronchoscopic findings revealed an endobronchial polypoid lesion with stenotic bronchus. The lesion was very similar to endobronchial tuberculosis. Histologic examination of the biopsy specimen demonstrated Actinomyces infection. There was a clinical response to intravenous penicillin therapy. Primary endobronchial actinomycosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of an endobronchial lesion, especially endobronchial tuberculosis in Korea.  (+info)

Actinomyces bowdenii sp. nov., isolated from canine and feline clinical specimens. (5/212)

Four strains of a previously undescribed Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from canine and feline clinical specimens. Phenotypic studies indicated the strains were members of the genus Actinomyces, and most closely resembled Actinomyces viscosus serotype I and Actinomyces slackii. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated the unknown bacterium constitutes a new subline within a group of Actinomyces species, which includes Actinomyces bovis, the type species of the genus. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Actinomyces bowdenii sp. nov. The type strain of Actinomyces bowdenii is CCUG 37421T.  (+info)

Infection of a hip prosthesis by Actinomyces naeslundii. (6/212)

We present the case of a 77-year-old woman who developed an Actinomyces naeslundii infection of a hip prosthesis. The isolate grew well aerobically with 5% CO(2). Possible diagnostic problems may arise in the microbiological laboratory because aerobic growth is not sufficiently accounted for in some of the traditional identification schemes and commercial test kits. Therefore, besides presenting an unusual pathogen in this setting, this report focuses on possible diagnostic problems in the microbiological laboratory.  (+info)

Molecular and genetic analyses of Actinomyces spp. (7/212)

Members of the genus Actinomyces are predominant primary colonizers of the oral cavity and play an important role in initiating plaque development. These bacteria have evolved unique mechanisms that favor colonization and persistence in this micro-environment. The expression of cell-surface fimbriae is correlated with the ability of these bacteria to adhere to specific receptors on the tooth and mucosal surfaces, and to interact with other plaque bacteria. The elaboration of sialidase is thought to enhance fimbriae-mediated adherence by unmasking the fimbrial receptors on mammalian cells. The presence of certain cell-associated or extracellular enzymes, including those involved in sucrose or urea metabolism, may provide the means for these bacteria to thrive under conditions when other growth nutrients are not available. Moreover, these enzyme activities may influence the distribution of other plaque bacteria and promote selection for Actinomyces spp. in certain ecological niches. The recent development of a genetic transfer system for Actinomyces spp. has allowed for studies the results of which demonstrate the existence of multiple genes involved in fimbriae synthesis and function, and facilitated the construction of allelic replacement mutants at each gene locus. Analyses of these mutants have revealed a direct correlation between the synthesis of assembled fimbriae and the observed adherence properties. Further genetic analysis of the various enzyme activities detected from strains of Actinomyces should allow for an assessment of the role of these components in microbial ecology, and their contribution to the overall success of Actinomyces spp. as a primary colonizer and a key player in oral health and disease.  (+info)

Actinomyces canis sp. nov., isolated from dogs. (8/212)

Three strains of a previously undescribed catalase-positive Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from dogs. Biochemical testing and PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins indicated that the strains were phenotypically highly related to each other but different from previously described Actinomyces and Arcanobacterium species. Sequencing of 16S rRNA showed that the unknown bacterium represents a new subline within a cluster of species which includes Actinomyces hyovaginalis, Actinomyces georgiae, Actinomyces meyeri, Actinomyces odontolyticus, Actinomyces radingae and Actinomyces turicensis. On the basis of phenotypic evidence and 16S rRNA sequence divergence levels (greater than 5% with recognized Actinomyces species) it is proposed that the unknown strains from canine sources be classified as a new species with the name Actinomyces canis sp. nov. The type strain of Actinomyces canis is CCUG 41706T (= CIP 106351T).  (+info)

Actinomycosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Symptoms, abdominal actinomycosis Treatment and Prevention of ActinomycosisDefinition of Actinomycosis; Description of Actinomycosis; Diagnosis of Actinomycosis Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar REVIEW Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar Department of Surgery, Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Calow, Chesterfield, North Actinomycosis Treatment Abdominal Actinomycosis. Introduction. Actinomyces spp. are gram positive, nonmotile, unencapsulated, nonsporeforming, anaerobic abdominal actinomycosis bacterias which colonize in the normal Abdominal mass secondary to actinomyces infection: An unusual Abdominal actinomycosis may appear as an abdominal mass andor abscess. This mass can mimic a malignant tumour. The diagnosis and management of abdominal actinomycosis ...
Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. About 70% of infections are due to either Actinomyces israelii or A. gerencseriae. Infection can also be caused by other Actinomyces species, as well as Propionibacterium propionicus, which presents similar symptoms. The condition is likely to be polymicrobial aerobic anaerobic infection. The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs, breast, or gastrointestinal tract. Actinomycosis abscesses grow larger as the disease progresses, often over months. In severe cases, they may penetrate the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and leak large amounts of pus, which often contains characteristic granules (sulfur granules) filled with progeny bacteria. These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. These bacteria ...
Pulmonary actinomycosis is usually secondary to aspiration; less commonly it is secondary to hematogenous dissemination. Pneumonia develops, and it tends to invade the pleura, resulting in empyema necessitatis, and fistula draining through the chest wall. With empyema formation, erosion of adjacent ribs frequently results. Actinomycosis of the lung and pleura become more complicated when the mediastinum, pericardium, thoracic vertebrae, or subphrenic spaces become infected.. Actinomycosis of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly develops in the ileocecal region, but the infection can also arise in the gastric or anorectal areas. Patients with the disease often show a previous history of appendicitis. Actinomycotic infection of the bone is usually a result of an adjacent soft tissue infection (75 percent), but may be associated with trauma (e.g. fracture of the mandible (19 percent), or it may be hematogenous 3 percent) Infection involving the facial bones, especially the mandible, represents ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Primary vesical actinomycosis. T2 - a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies.. AU - Lee, Kyoung Rae. AU - Ko, Young Su. AU - Yu, Jeong Woo. AU - Yoon, Cheol Yong. AU - Kim, Chul Hwan. AU - Yoon, Duck Ki. PY - 2002/2/1. Y1 - 2002/2/1. N2 - Primary vesical actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. In most cases it is misdiagnosed as vesical or urachal tumor and usually diagnosed through post-operative pathologic confirmation. Here we report a case of primary vesical actinomycosis confirmed by preoperative repeated multiple transabdominal biopsies. The patient was a 49-yr-old woman who presented with frequency, dysuria, and intermittent gross hematuria for 2 months. Computed tomography and cystoscopic examination showed broad-based, edematous, and protruding mass at the dome and anterior portion of the bladder. The clinical and imaging findings of the patient initially suggested vesical malignancy. Transurethral resection and multiple biopsies of the mass were ...
Treatment for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai. Find Doctors Near You, Book Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, Address, Phone Numbers and Reviews. Doctors for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai | Lybrate
Thoracic actinomycosis refers to an uncommon indolent infection caused principally by the genus Actinomyces (higher prokaryotic bacteria belonging to the family Actinomyceataceae). Epidemiology While it is rare in general, the thoracic form act...
Looking for Actinomycotic infections? Find out information about Actinomycotic infections. chronic suppurative infection that occurs around the face and neck. The disease is characterized by the formation of abscesses, or pus-filled cavities,... Explanation of Actinomycotic infections
Actinomycosis Definition Actinomycosis is an infection primarily caused by the bacterium Actinomyces israelii. Infection most often occurs in the face and neck region and is characterized by the presence of a slowly enlarging, hard, red lump.
Actinomyces are gram-positive aerobic-growing bacteria that are part of human bacterial flora. They usually occur in a commensal relationship with the host, growing, in particular, on teeth and other surfaces in the mouth. Actinomyces infections, which are more prevalent among men than among women (3:1), usually affect patients in their fourth decade and most often involve A. israeli (85%). A. meyeri is less common. Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic actinomycosis is uncommon. Pulmonary infections and hematogeneous spread result more often from A. meyeri than from other actinomycetal species.1 Dentogingival disease is a risk factor for acquiring A. meyeri infection, and alcoholics are at high risk for pulmonary actinomycosis because of their poor dental health and the higher likelihood of aspiration of oral secretions.. Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding ...
Actinomycosis involving the extremities is although rare but has been reported in literature. Bose et al treated synovial actinomycosis of knee in a 32 year old woman with penicillin.2 Kumar et al reported actinomycosis of knee which was mimicking neoplasm but on surgical removal histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.3 Vandevelde et al have also reported actinomycosis of lower leg in a young man for which below knee amputation was done.4 Earlier, we have also reported a case of actinomycosis of knee for which above knee amputation was performed.5 Only few cases from an infection in hand have been reported in the literature.6,7 Actinomycosis has been called "the most misdiagnosed disease" and its entity remained a diagnostic challenge even to most experienced clinicians. Its chronic and indolent course resembles that of fungal infection, tuberculosis and malignancy and delays early diagnosis as happened in our case.. The present patient had a glass prick injury while working in ...
PubMed journal article: Pelvic actinomycosis mimicking ovarian malignancy: three cases. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Pathogenicity - causes the disease actinomycosis. In man it is usually caused by A. israelli. They are commensals of mouth, therefore endogenous cause of disease. The disease is a chronic granulomatous infection occuring in human beings and animals. It is characterized by the development of indurated swellings, in the connective tissue, suppuration and the discharge of sulfur granules. Actinomycosis in human beings is an endogenous infection. The actinomyces species are normally present in the mouth, intestine, vagina as commensals. Actinomycosis in human beings occurs in 4 forms : (a) Cervicofacial - indurated lesions on the cheek and submaxillary regions. (b) Thoracic - lesions in the lung involving pleura and pericardium and spread outwards through the chest wall. (c) Abdominal - lesion around the cecum, neighbouring tissues and the abdominal wall, sometimes spread to the liver. (d) Pelvic - lesion on the pelvic region, associated with the use of intrauterine devices. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Actinomycosis of the rectum mimicking a malignant neoplasm. AU - Ji, Woongbae. AU - Kwak, Jung Myun. AU - Kim, Jin. AU - Kim, Seon Hahn. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84901754650&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/ans.12579. DO - 10.1111/ans.12579. M3 - Article. C2 - 24894041. AN - SCOPUS:84901754650. VL - 84. SP - 497. JO - ANZ Journal of Surgery. JF - ANZ Journal of Surgery. SN - 1445-1433. IS - 6. ER - ...
Reviews and ratings for vibra-tabs when used in the treatment of actinomycosis. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
Learn more about Actinomycosis at Coliseum Health System DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
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Although pulmonary artery aneurysms are a rare vascular anomaly, they are seen in a wide variety of conditions, such as congenital heart disease, infection, trauma, pulmonary hypertension, cystic medial necrosis and generalized vasculitis. To our kno
Orthopedics | ABSTRACT: A twenty-six year old female using an intrauterine contraceptive device developed a severe intrapelvic infection which spread to the sacrum and the soft tissue of the buttocks. Several organisms were cultured as part of a mixed infection. In spite of aggressive surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy, the infection spread to the left hip. Cultures of the excised sacrum revealed
Botryomycosis; also known as bacterial pseudomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous bacterial infection that affects the skin, and sometimes the viscera. Botryomycosis has been known to affect humans, horses, cattle, swine, dogs and cats. There are only a handful of documented cases of botryomycosis in humans, and its pathogenesis is not completely understood. However, it is usually described in individuals with impaired immunity, or with an underlying disease such as diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis or HIV infection. Staphylococcus aureus is usually the organism that causes the infection, however it can also be caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or several other species of bacteria. The anatomic structure of its lesion is similar to that of actinomycosis and eumycetoma, and its granules resemble the sulfur granules of actinomycosis. The disease was originally discovered by Otto Bollinger (1843-1909) in 1870, and its name was coined by Sebastiano Rivolta (1832-1893) in 1884. The name refers to ...
Cases of intra-abdominal actinomycosis have been described years after cholecystectomy, although it is a rare complication. Due to the slow growth of Actinomyces, symptoms can present months or even years after surgery.1,2. We present the case of a 71-year-old patient who underwent delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Four years later, he presented with dyspnea, cough, asthenia and pleuritic pain in the right hemithorax. On physical examination he was found to have a hard, painful swelling on the lateral region of the right hemithorax (Fig. 1A), with absent breath sounds. Acute phase reactants were elevated, and the chest radiograph showed right pleural effusion. Computed tomography (CT) revealed thickening of the pleura of the right posterolateral costophrenic angle (2.5-cm in thickness) and a hypodense area inside with extrapleural fat involvement, muscle thickening and pleural effusion (Fig. 1B). Thoracocentesis was performed and a fluid consistent with an exudate ...
Contributor Comment: Actinomycosis is a pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis that primarily affects cattle and is caused by the gram-positive bacterium Actinomyces bovis.9 Occasionally other species such as pigs, deer, sheep, goats and horses are affected.9 A similar species of bacterium, A. israeli, is responsible for the disease in human beings.6 The affected bone is thickened from multiple coalescing py-ogranulomas that impart to the bone tissue a honeycomb appearance.5 The inoculation of A. bovis - a commensal organism of the oral cavity - into the oral mucosa of animals can be facilitated by small wounds from hard straw present in the feed, foreign bodies and dental eruption. 9. Although actinomycosis has been described in cattle at unusual sites such as the penis and in the maxilla, as in the case presented here, the classical presentation in cattle is in the mandible and rarely in the maxilla.9,12 It is likely that the reason the mandible is the preferred site is because the direction of ...
INTRODUCTION. Although many of the strains of Actinomyces are highly sensitive in vitro to many antimicrobial agents, the disease caused in human beings by these microörganisms continues to present difficult therapeutic problems. The distinctive character of the tissue reaction offers a logical explanation for some of these problems. The involved areas are usually extensive, markedly indurated, and relatively avascular in the region of the active growth of the Actinomyces. These features suggest serious difficulty in getting a bactericidal concentration of the effective drug into areas of active infection, and raise serious doubts concerning the possibility of restoring the involved tissues ...
Actinomyces viscosus noncontagious bacterial infection is grown in test tubes. From (left to right) aerobic (with oxygen), carbon dioxide (CO2), and anaerobic (without oxygen) plus CO2.
As the aetiology of human actinomycoses is always polymicrobial, the antibacterial drugs used for treatment should in principle cover both the causative actinomycetes and all of the concomitant bacteria. This usually requires the administration of drug combinations in which aminopenicillins currently represent the therapeutic basis because they are slightly more active against the pathogenic actinomycetes than is penicillin G and because they are able to inhibit Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans which is usually resistant to narrow-spectrum penicillins. However, the presence of concomitant β-lactamase producers such as Bacteroides fragilis, B. thetaiotaomicron, or Staphylococcus aureus (β-lactamase producing) may impair the therapeutic efficacy of aminopenicillins and that of many other β-lactams so that the combination with a β-lactamase inhibitor is advisable or even necessary.. For cervicofacial actinomycoses, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid has proved to be the ...
Radiological findings of a pancreatic solid lesion immediately raise the suspicion of adenocarcinoma. However, differential diagnosis may include
The dogs abscesses will be drained and lavaged for several days. In some cases, a penrose drain will be utilized, whereby a soft rubber tube is placed in the affected area to prevent fluid buildup. Depending on the severity of the infection, your veterinarian may also need to debride (cut open and/or remove tissue) or remove bone, which will require surgery.. Many veterinarians recommend the administration of antibiotics for a minimum of three to four months after the resolution of all signs. This will assist in fighting against other commonly associated microbes.. ...
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports focusing on gastroenterology, hepatology, pancreas and biliary, and related cancers.
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The most common physical finding of actinomycosis is a woody, hard, palpable mass with a subacute clinical course. About half of the patients present with a low-grade fever (1). The lack of responsiveness to empirical antibiotic therapy, the presentation of a chronic palpable mass, and the difficulty in establishing the microbiologic diagnosis make it difficult to differentiate this mass from a neoplasm, granulomatous disease, or a fungal infection on the basis of the initial presentation (1, 4).. Actinomyces species are anaerobic bacteria that cannot penetrate healthy tissue, and mucosal breakdown is a prerequisite for infection. About half of the patients have a history of local trauma resulting in mucosal breakdown (1). Poor dental hygiene, caries, oral trauma, dental extraction, and an immunocompromised status are considered to be important antecedents (1, 4). Determining if a patient has a history of these risk factors may be helpful in establishing a correct diagnosis. In cervicofacial ...
INDEX. ABBE condenser and oil-immersion lenses, hints as to the use of, 86 Acid, carbolic, value of, as a germi- cide, 118 Acids and alkalies, production of, by bacteria, 54 Actinomyces bo vis, 260 Actinomycosis, 260 fungus of, 261 growth of, 262 in man, 263 of human liver, 264 resemblance of, to tuberculosis, 262 Activity, vital, in bacteria, results of, 50 Adhesion preparation, 147 .Aerobic bacteria, 45 Aerogenic bacteria, 50, 54 Agar-agar as a culture-medium, 129 advantages of, over gelatin, 150 blood, 131 hemoglobin, 131 preparation of, 129 sedimentation of, 130 Air, bacteriologic examination of, 164 Hesses apparatus, 165 Petris filter for, 166 Sedgwicks expanded tube, i67 value of, 167 micro-organisms in, 164 pathogenic bacteria in, 164 Alexin, 78 Alkali albumin ate, Deyckes, 133 Alkaline blood-serum, 133 31 Alkaloids, animal, 51 putrefactive, 51 Anaerobic bacteria, 45 cultivation of, 153 cultures, Novys jars for, 156 Anilin dyes and bacteria, affinity between, 90 classification of, 90 ...
Lymphomas are neoplasms of lymphocytes and their precursor cells. This disease develops from lymph nodes or extranodal lymphoid tissue. A common site for such a tumour is the chest. The authors describe the case of a young man, who was admitted do the thoracic surgery department with a mediastinal tumour and an induration of the base of the neck. Initial diagnostic tests gave the wrong diagnosis of actinomycosis. A lack of progress in the therapy and the occurrence of a life-threatening condition led to the implementation of more aggressive diagnostic methods. In biopsies taken during thoracotomy, the patient was finally diagnosed with Hodgkins lymphoma of nodular sclerosis type. Conclusions: Mediastinal tumours may cause diagnostic difficulties and, to avoid mistakes, typical histological studies should be complemented by targeted immunohistochemical tests. ...
GROSS: NERVOUS: Brain: Abscess: Gross fixed tissue coronal section cerebral hemispheres brown colored abscess actinomycosis - 00004883.jpg
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In this report, a posttraumatic scar with unusual behavior is discussed. How was actinomycosis diagnosed and ultimately treated in this case?
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BACKGROUND: In the female genital tract, up to 30% of Papanicolaou (Pap)-stained cervicovaginal smears of intrauterine device (IUD) users are positive for actinomyces-like organisms (ALOs). Many clinicians believe that no therapeutic intervention is necessary if women with ALOs are without symptoms. However, there are no recommendations for the procedure in ALO-positive women with need for a routine IUD exchange. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, the incidence of ALOs was compared in ALO-positive women with a routine IUD exchange according to two new procedures: Group 1 (n=19), insertion of a new IUD immediately after removal of the index device, and Group 2 (n=19) IUD removal and reinsertion after 3-5 days. A Pap smear was obtained at intervals of 6 weeks and 12, 24 and 36 months after reinsertion. RESULTS: The cytological examination carried out after 6 weeks proved to be negative for ALOs in all cases. After 36 months, smears were more often positive for ALOs in women with immediate ...
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After first reporting of actinomycosis, misunderstood to fungal infection in 1845 by Van Langenbeck, Bollinger et al. assumed that Actinomyces bovis were fungus breaking out lumpy jaw in cow. Wolff et al. succeeded in isolation culture from human body in 1891 and Waksman concluded that Actinomyces are Gram-positive anerobic bactera, not fungus in 1960s [8].. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is usually associated with soft tissue of chin and neck area and make multiple fistula on skin with swelling. It is characterized by features that infection spreads ignoring anatomical plane. Infected skin has abscess with purplish red and indurated, wood-like area. Special sulfur granule is observed in fistula drainage. Since another fistula appears when the former fistula disappears, extensive scarring and facial deformity in prolonged duration of untreated patient with actinomycosis.. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis is rare, which accounts for about 12% of total osteomyelitis [9]. Cervicofacial actinomycotic ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Diseases caused by actinomyces species. AU - Booth, James. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - The genus Actinomyces consists of facultatively anaerobic and obligately anaerobic gram-positive filamentous rods that microscopically resemble the hyphae of the eukaryotic fungi. Actinomyces are true bacteria (prokaryotic). They should not be confused with the aerobic "actinomycetes", which includes Nocardia and related bacteria that they resemble microscopically. The most common infection due to Actinomyces is actinomycosis, although this term can be applied to similar infections caused by other species, such as Propionibacterium propionicum.. AB - The genus Actinomyces consists of facultatively anaerobic and obligately anaerobic gram-positive filamentous rods that microscopically resemble the hyphae of the eukaryotic fungi. Actinomyces are true bacteria (prokaryotic). They should not be confused with the aerobic "actinomycetes", which includes Nocardia and related bacteria that they resemble ...
We describe two immunosuppressed female patients with fever and Actinomyces odontolyticus bacteremia, a combination documented once previously in an immunocompetent male patient. The patients were treated with doxycycline and clindamycin; these drugs, with β-lactams, are effective treatment for A. odontolyticus infections. Further instances of bacteremia may be expected in immunosuppressed patients.
This case report explores an unusual presentation of a commensal organism, Actinomyces, which mimicked a presentation of ovarian cancer. A 73-year-old woman presented to a tertiary level hospital with persistent left iliac fossa abdominal pain, anorexia and fever lasting over one week, with a three-month history of bright rectal bleeding. Imaging was suggestive of malignancy. Fine needle aspiration of an enlarged lymph node was non-diagnostic. Blood cultures taken at presentation became positive after two days for Gram-positive rods, which were most likely Actinomyces. The patient was treated with penicillin 1.8 g four hourly with rapid improvement. Actinomycosis is frequently misdiagnosed as malignancy initially due to its relatively indolent course. Lesions often resolve with antibiotics, without the need for surgical intervention.. Keywords: Actinomyces, Actinomyces turicensis, infection, mimicking, ovarian ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Actinomyces israelii.
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research, reviews, and clinical studies related to infectious diseases in womens health. Articles on the diagnosis and management of sexually transmitted diseases, genital and urinary tract infections, and infections in pregnancy will be considered, among other subject areas. Emerging research on the microbiome is also particularly welcomed. The journal aims to disseminate research that will improve the care given to women in the face of current and emerging gynecological infectious diseases.
Bacteremia, pneumonia, endocarditis, pericarditis, empyema, meningitis, other severe infections (due to streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci): minimum of 5million Units per day. Syphilis: dosage and duration determined by age of patient and stage of disease. Gonorrheal endocarditis and arthritis: minimum 5million Units per day. Meningococcal meningitis: 1-2million Units IM every 2 hours, or continuous IV drip of 20-30million Units/day. Actinomycosis: 1-6million Units/day for cervicofacial cases; 10-20million Units/day for thoracic and abdominal disease. Clostridial infections: 20million Units/day as adjunctive therapy to antitoxin. Fusospirochetal infections: 5-10million Units/day. Rat-bite fever: 12-15million Units/day for 3-4 weeks. Listeria infections: Neonates: 500,000-1million Units/day. Adults with meningitis: 15-20million Units/day for 2 weeks. Adults with endocarditis: 15-20million Units/day for 4 weeks. Pasteurella infections: Bacteremia and meningitis: 4-6million Units/day for 2 ...
Introduction to special odontostomatological disease • Macroscopic head / neck anatomy: oral cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx (pharynx liver-laryngitis), neck, vascularization and innervation of the head-to-neck structures • Macroscopic anatomy of the oral cavity: the superior of the horse, jaw, tongue, palate of the oral cavity, the oral floor, major salivary glands, dental apparatus, vascularization and innervation of the oral cavity, sinuses Jaws and paranasals. Microscopic anatomy: histological analysis of the constituent tissues of the oral cavity and its anomalies • Oral cavity diseases with oral cavity infectious etiopathogenesis: viruses (herpes viruses, coxsackie virus, human papilloma virus), bacteria (actinomycosis, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, syphilis), of mycoses (oral candidiasis). Focal infection theory. • Oral mucosa with autoimmune etiopathogens: recurrent apical stomatitis, Behcet syndrome, lichen planus, drug and amalgam lichenoid reactions, necrotic ulcerative ...
In This Topic Pneumococcal Infections Symptoms and Diagnosis Prevention and Treatment Back to Top Section Infections Subject Bacterial Infections Topics Introduction· Actinomycosis· Anthrax· Bejel ... pneumococcal vaccine. Penicillin is the preferred antibiotic for most pneumococcal infections. It is taken by mouth for ear and sinus infections and given intravenously for more severe infections ... ...
The finding of granulomas in an endometrial biopsy can be caused by a variety of diseases. In a recent review granulomas were identified in 0.15% of endometrial biopsies.20 Focal granulomas, that is the finding of a single granulomatous focus, were significantly associated with a prior history of cesarean section or dilatation and curettage, and none of the women had any signs of a systemic disorder or infection upon follow-up. In terms of infection, granulomas can be caused by tuberculosis (as described previously), atypical mycobacteria, endemic mycosis, actinomycosis, and parasites.20,21 Noninfectious causes can include a reaction to foreign material, Crohn disease, sarcoidosis, or lymphoma. Granulomas can also be seen postsurgically. Sarcoidosis is associated with well-formed, clearly demarcated epithelioid cell granulomas lacking central necrosis. It occurs usually, but not always, in women with known systemic disease. However, as necrosis is unusual in tuberculous endometritis, endometrial ...
The Actinomyces bovis Harz 1877 is Permitted - s11 for the whole of state and is not assigned to any control category for a local government area at this time ...
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Cope, V. Z. (1949). "Visceral Actinomycosis". BMJ. 2 (4640): 1311-6. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4640.1311. PMC 2052075 . PMID 15407913. ... Visceral Actinomycosis 1948 Lionel E.C. Norbury, Proctology throughout the Ages 1947 Sir Cecil Wakeley, Vogue and Fashion in ...
Actinomycosis in: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. (via NCBI Bookshelf ... Brook, I (Oct 2008). "Actinomycosis: diagnosis and management". Southern Medical Journal. 101 (10): 1019-23. doi:10.1097/SMJ. ... Mabeza, GF; Macfarlane J (March 2003). "Pulmonary actinomycosis". European Respiratory Journal. ERS Journals Ltd. 21 (3): 545- ...
"Pediatric Actinomycosis". Medscape. Retrieved 22 May 2016. Actinomyces naeslundii MG1 Genome Page Type strain of Actinomyces ... Many species of the genus Actinomyces, including A. naeslundii, cause a chronic disease called actinomycosis, which is ...
"Actinomycosis of the Knee". JAMA Surgery. 60 (4). 1950. Nicoladoni-Israel-Branham sign @ Who Named It This article incorporates ... Clinical contributions to the knowledge of actinomycosis in humans). Berlin 1885. Ueber Reincultur des Actinomyces und seine ... Schultheiss, Dirk (March 2008). "James Israel (1848-1926). Discoverer of actinomycosis and pioneer of kidney surgery". Aktuelle ... In 1878 he provided the first description of actinomycosis in humans, caused by a pathogen that was later given the name ...
He also discovered actinomycosis. Johann Peter Müller (b. 1709 in Rutsweiler an der Lauter; d. 1796 in Ephrata, Pennsylvania, ...
Actinomycosis mimicking metastatic lung cancer. Infect in Med 1997; (14)10: 791-98 *Lynch CM, Pinelli DM, Cruse CW, Spellacy WN ...
Mouth actinobacillosis of cattle must be differentiated from actinomycosis that affects bone tissues of the maxilla. ... actinomycosis Actinobacillus suis "Merck Veterinary Manual". "Dorlands Medical Dictionary:actinobacillosis". "Actinobacillosis ...
2003). "Periapical actinomycosis: a clinicopathologic study". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and ...
Micrograph of actinomycosis, H&E stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, GMS stain Micrograph of actinomycosis, Gram stain Holt JG, ... Another form of actinomycosis is thoracic disease, which is often misdiagnosed as a neoplasm, as it forms a mass that extends ... Actinomycosis may be considered when a patient has chronic progression of disease across tissue planes that is mass-like at ... Treatment for actinomycosis consists of antibiotics such as penicillin or amoxicillin for 5 to 12 months, as well as surgery if ...
Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus African sleeping sickness ( ...
... actinomycosis, and other animal diseases". The institute also tested water and food. Of the 30 water samples examined for ...
Actinomycosis is most frequently caused by A. israelii. It is a normal colonizer of the vagina, colon, and mouth. Infection is ... Known to live commensally on and within humans, A. israelii is an opportunistic pathogen and a cause of actinomycosis. Many ...
Bridgend, UK Dicke, R.J. Maggot Therapy of Actinomycosis. Journal Econ Entomol, Aug 1953;46(4): 706-7 Anderson, G.S. Forensic ...
... is a human pathogen and can cause actinomycosis. Naim-Ur-Rahman; Abdullah, Anwar Kamal; Hawass, Nour- ...
He died in August 1931 of a bacterial infection, actinomycosis. He was succeeded by his son Edward. In his capacity as former ...
The eight edition (1955) erroneously listed actinomycosis as a fungal disease. In the ninth edition, arthropod-borne viral ...
P Mansouri; S Farshi; A Khosravi; ZS Naraghi (2011). "Primary cutaneous actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces bovis in a patient ...
The cause of death was actinomycosis, a bacterial infection that attacked the internal organs. He was buried in the churchyard ...
The agents of actinomycosis are now known to be endogenous organisms of the mucous membranes, in most cases Actinomyces ... In 1890 Bostroem reportedly isolated the causative organism of actinomycosis from a culture of grain, grasses, and soil. After ... Investigations on actinomycosis in humans), 1891. ISBN Recherche (biographical information) [1] Mandell, Bennett, & Dolin: ... Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases Article on Cervicofacial actinomycosis NCBI Splenogonadal fusion: case ...
He contributed to the literature of actinomycosis and trichinosis and discovered a method of staining bacterial capsules. He ...
It shouldn't be confused with actinomycosis, which is a different entity caused by Actinomyces species mostly by Actinomyces ...
It is used for the treatment of toxoplasmosis, actinomycosis, and isosporiasis, and for the treatment and prevention of ...
Essay on Blood Transfusions Emil Ponfick @ Who Named It Actinomycosis of the Knee JAMA Surgery April 1950, Vol 60, No. 4 Emil ... Ponfick is remembered for his pioneer research of actinomycosis, and his recognition of the causative role Actinomyces played ... In 1882 he published Die Actinomykose des Menschen, eine neue Infectionskrankheit (Actinomycosis of humans, a new infectious ... in human actinomycosis. He is credited with establishing the unity of human and bovine forms of the disease. ...
Species of bacteria such as lactobacilli, anaerobic streptococci, actinomycosis, Fusobacterium species, and Nocardia are ...
... sudanensis is a bacterium species from the genus of Streptomyces which has been isolated from patients with actinomycosis ...
Violinist Joseph Joachim died of actinomycosis on 15 August 1907. Actinomycosis occurs rarely in humans, but rather frequently ... Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. About 70% of infections are due to either ... Actinomycosis abscesses grow larger as the disease progresses, often over months. In severe cases, they may penetrate the ... Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. These bacteria are generally ...
Make research projects and school reports about actinomycosis easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... Actinomycosis Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Actinomycosis. Definition. Actinomycosis is ... Actinomycosis also occurs in horses, cattle, swine, and dogs; it resembles human actinomycosis, but is caused by various other ... Fifty percent of actinomycosis cases are of the head and neck region (also called "lumpy jaw" and "cervicofacial actinomycosis ...
Pelvic actinomycosis mimicking ovarian malignancy: three cases. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... Intrauterine device-associated actinomycosis simulating pelvic malignancy.. *Abdominal manifestations of actinomycosis in IUD ... IUD-associated abdominopelvic actinomycosis].. *Intrauterine device--associated pelvic actinomycosis: a rare disease mimicking ... ActinomycesActinomycosisAdultDiagnosis, DifferentialFemaleHumansIntrauterine DevicesMiddle AgedOvarian DiseasesOvarian ...
Thoracic actinomycosis refers to an uncommon indolent infection caused principally by the genus Actinomyces (higher prokaryotic ... lung parenchymal actinomycosis / pulmonary actinomycosis - is probably the commonest form. * bronchiectatic form of ... While it is rare in general, the thoracic form actinomycosis constitutes ∼15% of the total burden of actinomycosis 3,4. ... endobronchial actinomycosis associated with broncholithiasis - rare. * endobronchial actinomycosis associated with a foreign ...
Actinomycosis of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly develops in the ileocecal region, but the infection can also arise in ... Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common form of the disease, however. The lesion typically begins as a painful, ... Actinomycosis of the lung and pleura become more complicated when the mediastinum, pericardium, thoracic vertebrae, or ... Pelvic actinomycosis, now reported with increasing frequency, is associated with the use of intrauterine devices. ...
Abdominal actinomycosis. abdominal actinomycosis. Actinomycosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Symptoms, abdominal ... The diagnosis and management of abdominal actinomycosis abdominal actinomycosis. Actinomycosis - eMedicine - Medical Reference ... Diagnosis of Actinomycosis Abdominal actinomycosis J.P. Garner * , M. Macdonald, P.K. Kumar REVIEW Abdominal actinomycosis J.P ... Abdominal actinomycosis. View This Abstract Online; Abdominal actinomycosis. Dis Colon Rectum. 1996; 3911058 ISSN 00123706 ...
Lee, K. R., Ko, Y. S., Yu, J. W., Yoon, C. Y., Kim, C. H., & Yoon, D. K. (2002). Primary vesical actinomycosis: a case ... Primary vesical actinomycosis: a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies. Journal of Korean Medical Science. ... Primary vesical actinomycosis. a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies.. Kyoung Rae Lee, Young Su Ko, Jeong ... Primary vesical actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. In most cases it is misdiagnosed as vesical or urachal tumor and ...
Bose et al treated synovial actinomycosis of knee in a 32 year old woman with penicillin.2 Kumar et al reported actinomycosis ... Actinomycosis Of Hand And Wrist: A Case Report. Z Singh Kundu, R Singh, P Rana, R Bala, S Sangwan, P Walecha ... Synovial actinomycosis of the knee: a case report. Br J Surg 1979; 66: 437.. 3. Kumar A, Detrisac DA, Krecke DF, Jimenez MC. ... Actinomycosis has a peak incidence in the middle decade with three-fold higher incidence in males1. The common sites of ...
Doctors for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai , Lybrate ... Treatment for Actinomycosis in Fortis Hospital Kalyan West, Mumbai. Find Doctors Near You, Book Appointment, Consult Online, ... HOW IS ACTINOMYCOSIS TREATED? Penicillin is considered to be the right cure for the disease. Treatment for Actinomycosis can be ... ACTINOMYCOSIS Actinomycosis is a bacterial disease that is infectious and contagious. Due to this, the soft tissues around ...
Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding gingival trauma. Radiographically, a mass ... Actinomycosis occurs most frequently with cervicofacial involvement (in up to 65% of cases); thoracic, abdominal or pelvic ... Penicillin G is the treatment of choice for actinomycosis, although other agents are active in vitro and in vivo, such as ... In many cases of extended pulmonary actinomycosis, only thoracoscopic resection or fine-needle biopsy have led to the correct ...
Related to Actinomycotic infections: actinomycosis, cervicofacial actinomycosis actinomycosis. (ăktənōmīkō`sĭs), chronic ... Animal actinomycosis. Animal actinomycosis may occur at any time of the year but appears most often during indoor periods when ... Actinomycosis also occurs in horses, cattle, swine, and dogs; it resembles human actinomycosis, but is caused by various other ... Human actinomycosis. Human actinomycosis comprises 6-8 percent of all chronic suppurative processes. The disease was first ...
The most common infection due to Actinomyces is actinomycosis, although this term can be applied to similar infections caused ... The most common infection due to Actinomyces is actinomycosis, although this term can be applied to similar infections caused ... The most common infection due to Actinomyces is actinomycosis, although this term can be applied to similar infections caused ... The most common infection due to Actinomyces is actinomycosis, although this term can be applied to similar infections caused ...
Actinomycosis is rare, chronic, slowly progressive disease caused by gram-positive anaerobic organisms from the Actinomycosis ... To prevent thoracic actinomycosis, meticulous oral hygiene is essential in cervicofacial actinomycosis patient. ... It could be cause of thoracic actinomycosis. Thoracic actinomycosis forms micro-abscess and focal consolidation in parenchyma, ... The patient also had thoracic actinomycosis on Lt. lower lung. We could diagnosis actinomycosis by histopathologic examination ...
Actinomycosis, chronic bacterial infection of humans and cattle that is caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic (oxygen- ... and abdominal and pelvic actinomycosis. Thoracic actinomycosis may result from inhalation of the organism into the air passages ... In rare cases actinomycosis may be disseminated via the bloodstream, in which case lesions appear in most parts of the body. ... More About Actinomycosis. 1 reference found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *caused by actinomycete* In ...
Actinomycosis is a long-term (chronic) bacterial infection that commonly affects the face and neck. ... Actinomycosis is usually caused by the bacterium called Actinomyces israelii. This is a common organism found in the nose and ... Brook I. Actinomycosis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap ... Agents of actinomycosis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennetts Principles and Practice of ...
Cutaneous actinomycosis is a chronic disease that affects the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. Caused by an anaerobic, ... Roy D, Roy PG, Misra PK (2003). "An interesting case of primary cutaneous actinomycosis". Dermatology Online Journal. 9 (5): 17 ... "Primary cutaneous actinomycosis". International Journal of Dermatology. 47 (12): 1271-3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03854.x. ...
It is also known as thoracic actinomycosis. It isnt contagious. This condition mainly affects people between 30 and 60. It ... Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare bacterial lung infection. ... What is pulmonary actinomycosis?. Pulmonary actinomycosis is a ... Actinomycosis. Actinomycosis is a long-term infection that causes sores. Read about its causes and treatment options.. ... How is pulmonary actinomycosis diagnosed?. Symptoms of pulmonary actinomycosis are similar to those of other conditions. ...
Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare lung infection caused by bacteria. ... Brook I. Actinomycosis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap ... Agents of actinomycosis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennetts Principles and Practice of ... Pulmonary actinomycosis is caused by certain bacteria normally found in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract. The bacteria ...
Actinomycosis progresses slowly. Treatment with antibiotics is possible, but recovery can take time. ... Actinomycosis is a rare and potentially serious type of infectious bacterial disease. It can pass through damaged body tissues ... Actinomycosis can affect almost any part of the human body.. Jaw or mouth. A mouth or gum infection can lead to actinomycosis. ... Actinomycosis is a rare infection that can spread through body tissues.. Actinomycosis happens when the Actinomyces species of ...
Actinomycosis definition, an infectious, inflammatory disease caused by Actinomyces israelii in humans and A. bovis in domestic ... actinomycosis. *. Actinomycosis, a disease of a fungous nature on the mouth and lower jaw of cows. ... actinomycosis. actinomycetaceae, actinomycetales, actinomycete, actinomycin, actinomycoma, actinomycosis, actinon, actinopod, ... OTHER WORDS FROM actinomycosis. ac·tin·o·my·cot·ic [ak-tin-oh-mahy-kot-ik, ak-tuh-noh-] /ækˌtɪn oʊ maɪˈkɒt ɪk, ˌæk tə noʊ-/, ...
encoded search term (Actinomycosis in Ophthalmology) and Actinomycosis in Ophthalmology What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ... Orbital actinomycosis associated with painful ophthalmoplegia. Actinomycosis of the orbit. Ophthalmologica. 2006. 220(3):201-5 ... Actinomycosis in Ophthalmology Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Mar 15, 2016 * Author: Manolette R Roque, MD, MBA, FPAO; Chief ... Actinomycosis: a great pretender. Case reports of unusual presentations and a review of the literature. Int J Infect Dis. 2008 ...
Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial disease. Localized swelling with suppuration, abscess formation, tissue fibrosis, and ... encoded search term (Pediatric Actinomycosis) and Pediatric Actinomycosis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Pediatric Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: An Unusual Cause of Head and Neck Masses. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2014 Jun. 3 (2): ... Hepatic actinomycosis: report of one case and analysis of 32 previously reported cases. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Nov 21. 20 ...
actinomycosis synonyms, actinomycosis pronunciation, actinomycosis translation, English dictionary definition of actinomycosis ... Related to actinomycosis: abdominal actinomycosis, cervicofacial actinomycosis. ac·tin·o·my·co·sis. (ăk-tĭn′ō-mī-kō′sĭs, ăk′tə- ... thoracic actinomycosis - a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the chest. abdominal actinomycosis - a serious form of ... cervicofacial actinomycosis, lumpy jaw - the commonest and least severe form of actinomycosis; affects the face and neck ...
Hyperbaric oxygen for treatment of actinomycosis. [Bette Lemperle; National Center for Health Services Research. Office of ... Actinomycosis--therapy. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Actinomycosis--therapy"@en ;. .. ... Hyperbaric oxygen for treatment of actinomycosis. Author:. Bette Lemperle; National Center for Health Services Research. Office ... Hyperbaric oxygen for treatment of actinomycosis/Bette Lemperle; National Center for Health Services Research. Office of Health ...
Reviews and ratings for vibra-tabs when used in the treatment of actinomycosis. Share your experience with this medication by ... Reviews for Vibra-Tabs to treat Actinomycosis. No reviews have yet been submitted. Be the first to review this drug. ...
  • A commonly accepted principal treatment of actinomycosis comprises of long-term administration of a high-dose intravenous antibiotic such as penicillin. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Penicillin G is the treatment of choice for actinomycosis, although other agents are active in vitro and in vivo, such as tetracycline, erythromycin and clindamycin. (cmaj.ca)
  • Actinomycosis in the lungs, abdomen, pelvis, or brain can be very hard to diagnose since the symptoms often mimic those of other diseases. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Actinomycosis has a slowly progressive course and, sometimes, a history of preceding gingival trauma. (cmaj.ca)
  • Histopathologic examination demonstrated typical sulfur granules, which were consistent with actinomycosis. (elsevier.com)
  • Incidence of oral actinomycosis, which is harder to diagnose, has increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • An affected human often has recently had dental work, poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease, radiation therapy, or trauma (broken jaw) causing local tissue damage to the oral mucosa, all of which predispose the person to developing actinomycosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a report in 2004 on several cases of actinomycosis said that therapy depends on the individual case and that many patients today will be diagnosed in earlier stages of the disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Primary vesical actinomycosis: a case diagnosed by multiple transabdominal needle biopsies. (elsevier.com)
  • Here we report a case of primary vesical actinomycosis confirmed by preoperative repeated multiple transabdominal biopsies. (elsevier.com)
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