Actinobacillus equuli: A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS, which is pathogenic for HORSES and PIGS.Actinobacillus: A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE described as gram-negative, nonsporeforming, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Most members are found both as pathogens and commensal organisms in the respiratory, alimentary, and genital tracts of animals.Actinobacillus Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOBACILLUS.Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from pneumonic lesions and blood. It produces pneumonia with accompanying fibrinous pleuritis in swine.Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: A species of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic spherical or rod-shaped bacteria indigenous to dental surfaces. It is associated with PERIODONTITIS; BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; and ACTINOMYCOSIS.Actinobacillus suis: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS. It is mainly a pathogen of PIGS, but also can infect HORSES.Pleuropneumonia: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Databases, Protein: Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.Sequence Analysis, Protein: A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Dictionaries, MedicalAbortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Cyclonic Storms: Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Actinobacillosis: A disease characterized by suppurative and granulomatous lesions in the respiratory tract, upper alimentary tract, skin, kidneys, joints, and other tissues. Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while A. equuli infects horses and pigs.Pasteurella: The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.Pharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Nitrosomethylurethane: An alkylating carcinogen that produces gastrointestinal and probably lung and nervous system tumors.Endometritis: Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.Streptococcus equi: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from abscesses in submaxillary glands and mucopurulent discharges of the upper respiratory tract of horses. This organism belongs to Group C streptococci with regards to antigen response and is known to cause strangles. The subspecies S. zooepidemicus is also considered a pathogen of horses.Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Serratia liquefaciens: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus SERRATIA found in plants and the DIGESTIVE TRACT of rodents. It is the most prevalent Serratia species in the natural environment.Serratia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Sarcocystis: A genus of protozoa found in reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. This heteroxenous parasite produces muscle cysts in intermediate hosts such as domestic herbivores (cattle, sheep, pigs) and rodents. Final hosts are predators such as dogs, cats, and man.Staphylococcus hominis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, but containing different esterases. The subspecies Staphylococcus hominis novobiosepticus is highly virulent and novobiocin resistant.Shewanella putrefaciens: A species of SHEWANELLA noted for its ability to reduce iron and manganese anaerobically.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Cell-Derived Microparticles: Extracellular vesicles generated by the shedding of CELL MEMBRANE blebs.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Capsules: Hard or soft soluble containers used for the oral administration of medicine.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.BooksPeer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.

Fatal pulmonary hemorrhage associated with RTX toxin producing Actinobacillus equuli subspecies haemolyticus infection in an adult horse. (1/4)

A case of fatal pulmonary hemorrhage in a 6-year-old American Paint mare with a 2-week history of intermittent coughing, fever, and epistaxis is described. Significant macroscopic abnormalities at postmortem examination were restricted to the respiratory system, and microscopically, severe pulmonary hemorrhage with suppurative bronchopneumonia was found. Actinobacillus equuli subsp. haemolyticus was cultured from a transtracheal wash performed antemortem as well as from the lungs at necropsy. The presence of airway-associated hemorrhage in conjunction with bacterial bronchopneumonia suggested endothelial damage caused by a locally elaborated bacterial toxin, possibly produced by the A. equuli strain isolated from the lungs. The objective of this report was to indirectly document the presence of hemolysin repeat in structural toxin (RTX) in the lungs of the reported mare. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the recently described aqx gene of A. equuli subsp. haemolyticus was established and validated. Transcriptional activity of the aqx gene was used as a surrogate method to document toxin production. Real-time PCR analysis of the transtracheal fluid and lung tissue of the affected mare confirmed the presence and the transcriptional activity of the aqx gene at the genomic (gDNA) and complementary DNA (cDNA) levels, respectively. The presence of pneumonia associated with hemorrhagic pulmonary fluid and the culture of large numbers of hemolytic A. equuli should prompt the clinician to consider endothelial damage caused by bacterial toxins.  (+info)

Metritis, valvular endocarditis, and septicemia by Actinobacillus equuli in a gilt in the United States. (2/4)

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Actinobacillus equuli as a primary pathogen in breeding sows and piglets. (3/4)

The death of over 300 sows in 2 months on a 3000 sow farrow-to-isowean operation in Manitoba was attributed to infection with Actinobacillus equuli. This pathogen commonly infects foals, and is rarely reported in swine. Our report is the second recently published case of this pathogen in North American swine.  (+info)

Actinobacillus equuli ssp. haemolyticus in a semi-occlusively treated horse bite wound in a 2-year-old girl. (4/4)

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This paper represents a case report of aortic bacterial endocarditis with discussion of infective endocarditis in horses. Fyre is a 6 year old Arabian Gelding who presented to the Cornell University Equine and Farm Animal Hospital on July 17, 2008 for fever of unknown origin and ataxia. On presentation, Fyre was bright, alert and responsive. His problem list included pyrexia, tachycardia, endotoxemia, petechiation, a grade 3/6 diastolic murmur, and ataxia. Initial diagnostics revealed hyperproteinemia, neutrophilia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, elevated D-dimer and hyperfibrinogenemia. Fyre was treated for suspected Potomac Horse Fever and Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis. 5 days after presentation, Fyre developed a sudden grade 6/6 left sided diastolic murmur. Diagnosis of aortic infective endocarditis was made based on echocardiography. Blood culture revealed growth of Actinobacillus equuli ssp. equuli. Fyre was treated with intravenous antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory medications. ...
Importance of Streptococci in the reproduction disorders OF THE MARE. NEW DATAS. The authors described the important intervention of Strepto coccus zooepidemicus, equi, equisimilis and uberis in the bacterial disorders of reproduction (fertility, endometritis) and causes of abortion. The principal bacterial pathogens causing disorders are : Streptococci, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Actinobacillus equuli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The Streptococcal diseases are found in over 50 per cent of confirmed cases of bacterial disorders of reproduction. The bacterial contamination access to the vagina and uterus of the mares, often, during the breeding of foaling. The bacteriological controls of mares and stallions are necessary before breeding and the research of several bacterial organisms is obligatory ...
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Rangarajan, Mahesh; Desai, Ajay; Sukumar, R.; Easa, P. S.; Menon, Vivek; Vincent, S.; Ganguly, Suparna; Talukdar, B. K.; Singh, Brijendra; Mudappa, Divya; Chowdhary, Sushant; Prasad, A. N. (31. August 2010): Gajah. Securing the Future for Elephants in India. The Report of the Elephant Task Force, Ministry of Environment and Forests. August 31, 2010. New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests. [PDF, 2MB] ...
In studies of victims from the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919, Ernest Goodpasture described the coexistence of fatal pulmonary hemorrhage and proliferative glomerulonephritis in a young man (25)....
That Horse Bit Me: Zoonotic Infections of Equines to Consider After Exposure Through the Bite or the Oral/Nasal Secretions That horse bit me: zoonotic infections of equines to consider after exposure through the bite or the oral/nasal secretions. Langley R, Morris T./ North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Raleign, North Carolina 27699-1923, USA. [email protected]츯 Millions of individuals are in contact with horses through occupational or recreational activities. Injuries from horses are responsible for over 100,000 emergency room visits each year in the United States. Although various types of traumatic injuries related to direct contact with horses are well described, roughly 3% to 4.5% of all reported injuries are due to bites by equines. The immediate injuries are commonly either blunt or penetrating trauma to local tissue; however, the bite exposure may also transmit a microbial agent of equine origin that can lead to a ...
Looking for Metritis? Find out information about Metritis. Inflammation of the uterus, usually involving both the endometrium and myometrium. inflammation of the muscular and mucosal layers of the uterus.Metritis is... Explanation of Metritis
A disease characterized by suppurative and granulomatous lesions in the respiratory tract, upper alimentary tract, skin, kidneys, joints, and other tissues. Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while A. equuli infects horses and pigs ...
Learn about Contagious equine metritis in stallions, a highly contagious venereal infection that is usually identified only after several mares become infected after being bred to the same stallion.
A 5-year-old girl who was fatally shot Monday night in Scarborough, Maine, has been identified as officials investigate the circumstances surrounding her death.
Actinobacillus equuli MeSH B03.440.450.009.580 --- Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae MeSH B03.440.450.009.675 --- Actinobacillus ... Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.200 --- Actinobacillus equuli MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.580 --- ... Actinobacillus seminis MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.700 --- Actinobacillus suis MeSH B03.660.250.550.290 --- Haemophilus MeSH ... Actinobacillus MeSH B03.440.450.009.050 --- Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans MeSH B03.440.450.009.200 --- ...
Actinobacillus equuli ssp. haemolyticus in a semi-occlusively treated horse bite wound in a 2-year-old girl. ...
Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli. Loading... A0A0D0IJX5 6-phosphogluconolactonase. Haemophilus influenzae. Loading... ...
Actinobacillus ureae ATCC 25976. 910. Protein translocase subunit SecA. Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli ... sp,A3MYW1,SECA_ACTP2 Protein translocase subunit SecA OS=Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5b (strain L20) OX=416269 GN= ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Gammaproteobacteria › Pasteurellales › Pasteurellaceae › Actinobacillus › ... Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5b (strain L20). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names% ...
Actinobacillus equuli ssp. haemolyticus in a semi-occlusively treated horse bite wound in a 2-year-old girl We report on the ... Actinobacillus equuli ssp. haemolyticus in a semi-occlusively treated horse bite wound in a 2-year-old girl Full Text available ... isolation of Actinobacillus equuli ssp. haemolyticus from wound smears of a 2-year-old girl who was admitted to the hospital ... A. equuli typically causes diseases in horses and only very few reports describing human infections (mostly associated with ...
DDx: viruses (influenza, adenovirus); bacterial septicemia (E.coli, actinobacillus, streptococcus; often secondary to failure ... Actinobacillus equuli. 33 This is tissue from an 8 year old Quarter horse gelding:. (Hx: penetrating wound on upper right ...
clarkei: A0A329V9W1 ; Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli: A0A0A7MMC2 ; Pantoea sp. ARC607: A0A2W4CK71 ; Enterobacter cloacae ... aB: E0M4V1 ; Kluyvera ascorbata: A0A2T2XVP4 ; Actinobacillus delphinicola: A0A448TU27 ; Actinobacillus indolicus: A0A4V0IJG7 ; ... pneumoniae: A0A1Y0PSL5 ; Actinobacillus seminis: A0A263HEE9 ; Actinobacillus lignieresii: A0A380U4Z2 ; Edwardsiella tarda: ... SARA61: A0A3W0Y2G5 ; compost metagenome: A0A3R3MUD8 ; Enterobacter lignolyticus: E3GBW2 ; Actinobacillus suis H91-0380: K0G600 ...
Categories: Actinobacillus equuli Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Actinobacillus equuli was isolated from the heart valve and other internal sites. This organism can cause septicaemia and ... The Actinobacillus equuli was sensitive to all antimicrobials tested.. Septicaemia and endocarditis due to Streptococcus ...
Streptococcus equi subsp zooepidemicus; Actinobacillus equuli, A. equisimilis; Rhodococcus equi; leptospirosis, most commonly ...
a)Nocardia b)actinobacillus equuli c)Clostridium piliforme d)Yersinia e)Salmonella f)actionmyces. ...
Efficacy shown to Actinobacillus equuli Actinobacillus equuli , streptococci Streptococcus spp , Enterobacteriaceae ... Actinobacillus equuli Actinobacillus equuli, Escherichia coli Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp Klebsiella pneumoniae, ... including Actinbacillus equuli Actinobacillus equuli , and have good tissue penetration in lung, but resistance is common. ...
Blood culture revealed growth of Actinobacillus equuli ssp. equuli. Fyre was treated with intravenous antimicrobial and anti- ...
Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while A. equuli infects horses and pigs. ...
Actinobacillus arthritidis Christensen et al. 2002, sp. nov. (Part 4) Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli (van Straaten 1918) ... Actinobacillus equuli subsp. haemolyticus Christensen et al. 2002, subsp. nov. (Part 5) ...
Cette affection est due à Actinobacillus equuli mais on peut rencon trer Actinobacillus suis. Les formes classiques sont soit ... This affection is due to Actinobacillus equuli but sometimes to Actinobacillus suis. The clinical forms are abortion of the ... Les autres germes sont Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Actinobacillus equuli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas, Pro ... Actinobacillus equuli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The Streptococcal diseases are found in over 50 per cent ...
Actinobacillus hominis (1). Actinobacillus suis (1). No. A. suis is mainly a pig pathogen and is rarely involved in human ... A new MALDI-TOF MS identification with the updated database yields A. equuli.b. ...
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella species, Rhodococcus equi, Actinobacillus equuli, Clostridium perfringens types B ...
Enterotoxigenic E coli, Salmonella spp, Rhodococcus equi, Actinobacillus equuli, Clostridium perfringens types B and C, ...
Acinetobacter lwoffi; Acinetobacter spp; Actinobacillus equuli; Actinobacillus spp; Actinomyces pyogenes; Actinomyces spp; ...
A. equuli and A. suis cause a variety of diseases in horses and pigs and human infection are mostly due to horse or pig bites. ... Actinobacillus lignieresii, Actinobacillus ureae (formerly Pasteurella ureae), Actinobacillus hominis, Actinobacillus suis ... NAME: Actinobacillus spp. and Aggregatibacter spp. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Actinobacillus spp: ... formerly Actinobacillus and Haemophilus species), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (formerly Actinobacillus ...
Actinobacillus equuli, Salmonella abortus ovis, Salmonella abortus equi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Corynebacterium equi, ...
Actinobacillus suis and Actinobacillus equuli, emergent pathogens of septic embolic nephritis, a new challenge for the swine ...
Actinobacillus equuli MeSH B03.440.450.009.580 --- Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae MeSH B03.440.450.009.675 --- Actinobacillus ... Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.200 --- Actinobacillus equuli MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.580 --- ... Actinobacillus seminis MeSH B03.660.250.550.050.700 --- Actinobacillus suis MeSH B03.660.250.550.290 --- Haemophilus MeSH ... Actinobacillus MeSH B03.440.450.009.050 --- Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans MeSH B03.440.450.009.200 --- ...
N Actinobacillus hominis ‎ (new term) (current) *18:23, 22 August 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+1,265)‎ . . N Actinobacillus equuli ... N Actinobacillus succinogenes ‎ (new term) (current) *20:31, 23 August 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+1,451)‎ . . N Actinobacillus ... N Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans ‎ (new term) (current) *08:19, 22 August 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+1,425)‎ . . N ... N Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ‎ (new term) (current) *00:46, 23 August 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+1,349)‎ . . ...