Actinobacillus: A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE described as gram-negative, nonsporeforming, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Most members are found both as pathogens and commensal organisms in the respiratory, alimentary, and genital tracts of animals.Actinobacillus Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOBACILLUS.Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from pneumonic lesions and blood. It produces pneumonia with accompanying fibrinous pleuritis in swine.Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: A species of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic spherical or rod-shaped bacteria indigenous to dental surfaces. It is associated with PERIODONTITIS; BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; and ACTINOMYCOSIS.Actinobacillus suis: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS. It is mainly a pathogen of PIGS, but also can infect HORSES.Pleuropneumonia: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.Actinobacillus equuli: A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS, which is pathogenic for HORSES and PIGS.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Haemophilus: A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans. Its organisms are described as gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod-shaped, and nonmotile.Aggressive Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Aggregatibacter: A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE. Members are nonmotile, Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic rods or coccobacilli. Its members are X factor (HEMIN) independent and variably dependent on V factor (NAD).Exotoxins: Toxins produced, especially by bacterial or fungal cells, and released into the culture medium or environment.Pasteurellaceae: A family of coccoid to rod-shaped nonsporeforming, gram-negative, nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria that includes the genera ACTINOBACILLUS; HAEMOPHILUS; MANNHEIMIA; and PASTEURELLA.Pasteurella: The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.Cytotoxins: Substances that are toxic to cells; they may be involved in immunity or may be contained in venoms. These are distinguished from CYTOSTATIC AGENTS in degree of effect. Some of them are used as CYTOTOXIC ANTIBIOTICS. The mechanism of action of many of these are as ALKYLATING AGENTS or MITOSIS MODULATORS.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Actinobacillosis: A disease characterized by suppurative and granulomatous lesions in the respiratory tract, upper alimentary tract, skin, kidneys, joints, and other tissues. Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while A. equuli infects horses and pigs.Hemolysin Proteins: Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.Actinobacillus seminis: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS, which causes EPIDIDYMITIS in SHEEP.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Transferrin-Binding Proteins: A class of carrier proteins that bind to TRANSFERRIN. Many strains of pathogenic bacteria utilize transferrin-binding proteins to acquire their supply of iron from serum.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Pleuropneumonia, Contagious: A pleuropneumonia of cattle and goats caused by species of MYCOPLASMA.Pasteurella multocida: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.Eikenella corrodens: Gram-negative bacteria isolated from infections of the respiratory and intestinal tracts and from the buccal cavity, intestinal tract, and urogenital tract. They are probably part of the normal flora of man and animals.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Mannheimia: Genus of bacteria in the family PASTEURELLACEAE, comprising multiple species that do not ferment trehalose. Species include MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA; M. glucosida, M. granulomatis, M. ruminalis, and M. varigena.Porphyromonas gingivalis: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium produces a cell-bound, oxygen-sensitive collagenase and is isolated from the human mouth.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Capnocytophaga: A gram-negative gliding bacterium isolated from the oral cavity. It is a pathogen often causing PERIODONTITIS.Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins: Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Succinic Acid: A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)Palatine Tonsil: A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.Polysaccharides, Bacterial: Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Prevotella intermedia: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.Pasteurellaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family PASTEURELLACEAE.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Anseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Aspartate Ammonia-Lyase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of aspartic acid to ammonia and fumaric acid in plants and some microorganisms. EC 4.3.1.1.Transferrin-Binding Protein B: A subtype of bacterial transferrin-binding protein found in bacteria. It forms a cell surface receptor complex with TRANSFERRIN-BINDING PROTEIN A.Bacterial Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.Eikenella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the human mouth and intestine. Organisms of this genus can be opportunistic pathogens.KB Cells: This line KB is now known to be a subline of the ubiquitous KERATIN-forming tumor cell line HeLa. It was originally thought to be derived from an epidermal carcinoma of the mouth, but was subsequently found, based on isoenzyme analysis, HeLa marker chromosomes, and DNA fingerprinting, to have been established via contamination by HELA CELLS. The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining. KB cells have been reported to contain human papillomavirus18 (HPV-18) sequences.Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Pasteurella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.Tylosin: Macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces fradiae. The drug is effective against many microorganisms in animals but not in humans.Bacteroides: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.Periodontium: The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
(1/220) Actinobacillus succinogenes sp. nov., a novel succinic-acid-producing strain from the bovine rumen.

Strain 130ZT was isolated from the bovine rumen. It is a facultatively anaerobic, pleomorphic, Gram-negative rod. It exhibits a 'Morse code' form of morphology, which is characteristic of the genus Actinobacillus. Strain 130ZT is a capnophilic, osmotolerant succinogen that utilizes a broad range of sugars. It accumulates high concentrations of succinic acid (> 70 g l-1). Strain 130ZT is positive for catalase, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase and beta-galactosidase, but does not produce indole or urease. Acid but no gas is produced from D-glucose and D-fructose. 16S rRNA sequence analysis places strain 130ZT within the family Pasteurellaceae; the most closely related members of the family Pasteurellaceae have 16S rRNA similarities of 95.5% or less with strain 130ZT. Strain 130ZT was compared with Actinobacillus lignieresii and the related Bisgaard Taxa 6 and 10. Based upon morphological and biochemical properties, strain 130ZT is most similar to members of the genus Actinobacillus within the family Pasteurellaceae. It is proposed that strain 130ZT be classified as a new species, Actinobacillus succinogenes. The type strain of Actinobacillus succinogenes sp. nov. is ATCC 55618T.  (+info)

(2/220) Polynucleotide probes that target a hypervariable region of 16S rRNA genes to identify bacterial isolates corresponding to bands of community fingerprints.

Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) is well suited for fingerprinting bacterial communities by separating PCR-amplified fragments of 16S rRNA genes (16S ribosomal DNA [rDNA]). A strategy was developed and was generally applicable for linking 16S rDNA from community fingerprints to pure culture isolates from the same habitat. For this, digoxigenin-labeled polynucleotide probes were generated by PCR, using bands excised from TGGE community fingerprints as a template, and applied in hybridizations with dot blotted 16S rDNA amplified from bacterial isolates. Within 16S rDNA, the hypervariable V6 region, corresponding to positions 984 to 1047 (Escherichia coli 16S rDNA sequence), which is a subset of the region used for TGGE (positions 968 to 1401), best met the criteria of high phylogenetic variability, required for sufficient probe specificity, and closely flanking conserved priming sites for amplification. Removal of flanking conserved bases was necessary to enable the differentiation of closely related species. This was achieved by 5' exonuclease digestion, terminated by phosphorothioate bonds which were synthesized into the primers. The remaining complementary strand was removed by single-strand-specific digestion. Standard hybridization with truncated probes allowed differentiation of bacteria which differed by only two bases within the probe target site and 1.2% within the complete 16S rDNA. However, a truncated probe, derived from an excised TGGE band of a rhizosphere community, hybridized with three phylogenetically related isolates with identical V6 sequences. Only one of the isolates comigrated with the excised band in TGGE, which was shown to be due to identical sequences, demonstrating the utility of a combined TGGE and V6 probe approach.  (+info)

(3/220) Studies on time-kill kinetics of different classes of antibiotics against veterinary pathogenic bacteria including Pasteurella, Actinobacillus and Escherichia coli.

A systematic analysis of the bacteriostatic/bactericidal effect of several antibiotics used in veterinary medicine was carried out by time-kill kinetic analysis using P. haemolytica, P. multocida, A. pleuropneumoniae, and E. coli. The antibiotics tested were enrofloxacin, danofloxacin, erythromycin, tilmicosin, penicillin G, ceftiofur and tetracycline. Unexpectedly, the antibiotics well characterized as bacteriostatic agents against human pathogens such as tetracycline and macrolides, showed bactericidal activity against P. haemolytica and A. pleuropneumoniae. In contrast, tetracycline and erythromycin were bacteriostatic and tilmicosin was bactericidal against P. multocida. In addition, P. multocida was killed by fluoroquinolones at a slower rate than the other bacteria. Spectrum analysis revealed that ceftiofur and tilmicosin were good substrates of the universal efflux pump, AcrA/B, but penicillin and tetracycline were not. The fluoroquinolones were modest substrates for AcrA/B.  (+info)

(4/220) Utilization of electrically reduced neutral red by Actinobacillus succinogenes: physiological function of neutral red in membrane-driven fumarate reduction and energy conservation.

Neutral red (NR) functioned as an electronophore or electron channel enabling either cells or membranes purified from Actinobacillus succinogenes to drive electron transfer and proton translocation by coupling fumarate reduction to succinate production. Electrically reduced NR, unlike methyl or benzyl viologen, bound to cell membranes, was not toxic, and chemically reduced NAD. The cell membrane of A. succinogenes contained high levels of benzyl viologen-linked hydrogenase (12.2 U), fumarate reductase (13.1 U), and diaphorase (109.7 U) activities. Fumarate reductase (24.5 U) displayed the highest activity with NR as the electron carrier, whereas hydrogenase (1.1 U) and diaphorase (0.8 U) did not. Proton translocation by whole cells was dependent on either electrically reduced NR or H2 as the electron donor and on the fumarate concentration. During the growth of Actinobacillus on glucose plus electrically reduced NR in an electrochemical bioreactor system versus on glucose alone, electrically reduced NR enhanced glucose consumption, growth, and succinate production by about 20% while it decreased acetate production by about 50%. The rate of fumarate reduction to succinate by purified membranes was twofold higher with electrically reduced NR than with hydrogen as the electron donor. The addition of 2-(n-heptyl)-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide to whole cells or purified membranes inhibited succinate production from H2 plus fumarate but not from electrically reduced NR plus fumarate. Thus, NR appears to replace the function of menaquinone in the fumarate reductase complex, and it enables A. succinogenes to utilize electricity as a significant source of metabolic reducing power.  (+info)

(5/220) Microbial utilization of electrically reduced neutral red as the sole electron donor for growth and metabolite production.

Electrically reduced neutral red (NR) served as the sole source of reducing power for growth and metabolism of pure and mixed cultures of H2-consuming bacteria in a novel electrochemical bioreactor system. NR was continuously reduced by the cathodic potential (-1.5 V) generated from an electric current (0.3 to 1.0 mA), and it was subsequently oxidized by Actinobacillus succinogenes or by mixed methanogenic cultures. The A. succinogenes mutant strain FZ-6 did not grow on fumarate alone unless electrically reduced NR or hydrogen was present as the electron donor for succinate production. The mutant strain, unlike the wild type, lacked pyruvate formate lyase and formate dehydrogenase. Electrically reduced NR also replaced hydrogen as the sole electron donor source for growth and production of methane from CO2. These results show that both pure and mixed cultures can function as electrochemical devices when electrically generated reducing power can be used to drive metabolism. The potential utility of utilizing electrical reducing power in enhancing industrial fermentations or biotransformation processes is discussed.  (+info)

(6/220) Electricity generation in microbial fuel cells using neutral red as an electronophore.

Neutral red (NR) was utilized as an electron mediator in microbial fuel cells consuming glucose to study both its efficiency during electricity generation and its role in altering anaerobic growth and metabolism of Escherichia coli and Actinobacillus succinogenes. A study of chemical fuel cells in which NADH, NR, and ferricyanide were the electron donor, the electronophore, and the electron acceptor, respectively, showed that electrical current produced from NADH was proportional to the concentration of NADH. Fourfold more current was produced from NADH in chemical fuel cells when NR was the electron mediator than when thionin was the electron mediator. In microbial fuel cells in which E. coli resting cells were used the amount of current produced from glucose when NR was the electron mediator (3.5 mA) was 10-fold more than the amount produced when thionin was the electron mediator (0.4 mA). The amount of electrical energy generated (expressed in joules per mole of substrate) and the amount of current produced from glucose (expressed in milliamperes) in NR-mediated microbial fuel cells containing either E. coli or A. succinogenes were about 10- and 2-fold greater, respectively, when resting cells were used than when growing cells were used. Cell growth was inhibited substantially when these microbial fuel cells were making current, and more oxidized end products were formed under these conditions. When sewage sludge (i.e., a mixed culture of anaerobic bacteria) was used in the fuel cell, stable (for 120 h) and equivalent levels of current were obtained with glucose, as observed in the pure-culture experiments. These results suggest that NR is better than other electron mediators used in microbial fuel cells and that sludge production can be decreased while electricity is produced in fuel cells. Our results are discussed in relation to factors that may improve the relatively low electrical efficiencies (1.2 kJ/mol) obtained with microbial fuel cells.  (+info)

(7/220) Comparative pathogenicity of different Actinobacillus suis O/K serotypes.

The pathogenicity of Actinobacillus suis serotypes O1/K1 (strain SO4), O1/K2 (strain C84), and O2/K2 (strain H91-0380) was evaluated in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) piglets challenged by intraperitoneal inoculation with approximately 1 x 10(7) colony-forming units per mL. All 3 strains produced peritonitis, but differences were observed in the composite histopathologic scores (P = 0.001) and in their ability to spread (P = 0.008) at 7 h post challenge. The O2/K2 strain caused the most severe peritonitis and disseminated most widely to other tissues. Moderate lesions were seen with the O1/K2 strain while the O1/K1 strain caused mild lesions and remained largely localized to the peritoneum. In an attempt to explain the basis of observed differences, the serum sensitivity of 9 A. suis strains with different O and K types was assessed. Regardless of the O/K type, all of the isolates tested were serum resistant. Moreover, most A. suis isolates grew as well or better in complement-replete sera as they did in complement-depleted sera. These observations indicate that although 02 and K2 strains had a greater propensity to cause a disseminating septic inflammatory response in pigs, they were no more resistant to complement-mediated killing than O1 strains.  (+info)

(8/220) A gene cluster for the synthesis of serotype d-specific polysaccharide antigen in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

The serotype d antigen of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans consists of D-glucose, D-mannose, and L-rhamnose in a molar ratio of 1:2:1. A gene cluster involved in the synthesis of serotype-specific polysaccharide antigen was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of A. actinomycetemcomitans IDH 781 (serotype d). This cluster consisted of 12 open reading frames. Insertional inactivation of six genes in this cluster resulted in loss of ability of A. actinomycetemcomitans IDH 781 cells to produce the polysaccharide. Comparing the structure of the gene cluster with similar clusters from other serotypes of A. actinomycetemcomitans, showed that eight genes are unique to serotype d; the other four genes are involved in the biosynthesis of dTDP-L-rhamnose. These results suggest that the synthesis and structure of serotype d-specific polysaccharide of A. actinomycetemcomitans is quite different from those of other serotype strains.  (+info)

*  Epidemiology of periodontal diseases
This study found that LJP was highly associated with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.[citation needed] Lopez 2001 examined ...
*  Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
Gillaspy, A. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Cytometry Research-University of Oklahoma ... "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Retrieved 20 April 2013. [permanent ... Brownfield, B. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in swine". Purdue University-Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. Retrieved 20 ... Type strain of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
*  Pasteurellaceae
... while the other includes Actinobacillus minor, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Haemophilus ducreyi, Haemophilus parasuis, and ... The distribution of CSIs corresponds to sensu stricto clades of "true" Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella species, ... and Actinobacillus species. Comparative analyses of Pasteurellaceae genomes have identified large numbers (>20) of conserved ... Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella. These genera demonstrate extensive polyphyly across the family, however, CSIs ...
*  Actinobacillus
... (Pasteurella) ureae and A. hominis occur in the respiratory tracts of healthy humans and may be involved in the ... Actinobacillus is a genus of Gram-negative, nonmotile and nonspore-forming, oval to rod-shaped bacteria occurring as parasites ... 2008). "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Pasteurellaceae: Biology, Genomics and Molecular Aspects. Caister Academic Press. ... ISBN 978-1-904455-24-0. Nørskov-Lauritsen N, Kilian M (September 2006). "Reclassification of Actinobacillus ...
*  Actinobacillus rossii
... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Actinobacillus rossii at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Sneath, P. H. A.; Stevens, M. (1990). "Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella ... Actinobacillus rossii is a bacterium. It was first isolated from the vaginas of postparturient sows. ... Actinobacillus] rossii". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (Pt 1): 209-223. doi:10.1099/ijs ...
*  Actinobacillus seminis
link) Actinobacillus seminis at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN NSWDPI Type strain of Actinobacillus seminis at BacDive - the ... Sneath, P. H. A.; Stevens, M. (1990). "Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella ... Actinobacillus seminis is a bacterium. It is associated with epididymitis of sheep. ... Hajtós, I.; Fodor, L.; Glávits, R.; Varga, J. (1987). "Isolation and Characterization of Actinobacillus seminis Strains from ...
*  Actinobacillus succinogenes
... at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Actinobacillus succinogenes at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Actinobacillus succinogenes is a bacterium. It is a succinic acid-producing strain first isolated from the bovine rumen. It is ... Guettler, M. V.; Rumler, D.; Jain, M. K. (1999). "Actinobacillus succinogenes sp. nov., a novel succinic-acid-producing strain ... McKinlay, J. B.; Zeikus, J. G.; Vieille, C. (2005). "Insights into Actinobacillus succinogenes Fermentative Metabolism in a ...
*  Actinobacillus suis
... is a beta-haemolytic, Gram-negative bacterium of the Pasteurellaceae family. The bacterium has many strains ... Type strain of Actinobacillus suis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... Signs and necropsy findings may mimic diseases such as: Erysipelas, Glasser's Disease, Streptococcus suis and Actinobacillus ... Actinobacillus suis, reviewed and published by Wikivet at http://en.wikivet.net/Actinobacillus_suis accessed 07/10/2011. ...
*  Pasteurella bettyae
Sneath, P. H. A.; Stevens, M. (1990). "Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella ...
*  Pasteurella mairii
Sneath, P. H. A.; Stevens, M. (1990). "Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella ... Actinobacillus] rossii and [Pasteurella] mairii". Veterinary Microbiology. 116 (1-3): 194-201. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.03.003 ... Actinobacillus] rossii". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (Pt 1): 209-223. doi:10.1099/ijs ...
*  Aggressive periodontitis
Fives-Taylor, P. M.; Meyer, D. H.; Mintz, K. P.; Brissette, C. (June 1999). "Virulence factors of Actinobacillus ... Zambon, J. J.; Christersson, L. A.; Slots, J. (December 1983). "Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal ... High levels of Aggregatibacter (or Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans and, in some populations, Porphyromonas gingivalis. ... Various studies have associated Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, formerly known as Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, ...
*  Actinobacillosis
One of the most common forms seen by veterinarians is mouth actinobacillosis of cattle, due to Actinobacillus lignieresii. The ... Actinobacillosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Actinobacillus. It is more commonly associated with animals than with humans. ... The infection is most commonly caused by abrasions on different soft tissues through which the bacteria, Actinobacillus ... actinomycosis Actinobacillus suis "Merck Veterinary Manual". "Dorlands Medical Dictionary:actinobacillosis". "Actinobacillosis ...
*  Succinic acid fermentation
See at publisher McKinlay, J. B.; Zeikus, J. G.; Vieille, C. (2005). "Insights into Actinobacillus succinogenes Fermentative ... Microbial production of Succinic acid can be performed with wild bacteria like Actinobacillus succinogenes, Mannheimia ... van Heerden, C.D.; Nicol, W. (2013). "Continuous succinic acid fermentation by Actinobacillus succinogenes". Biochemical ...
*  Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
... (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans) is a Gram-negative, facultative ... It was reclassified as Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans by Topley & Wilson (1929) and as Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans ... Nørskov-Lauritsen N; Kilian M (September 2006). "Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus ... Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans: a triple A* periodontopathogen?". Periodontology 2000. 54 (1): 78-105. doi:10.1111/j. ...
*  Dispersin B
Kaplan JB, Ragunath C, Ramasubbu N, Fine DH (August 2003). "Detachment of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans biofilm cells by ... Kaplan JB, Meyenhofer MF, Fine DH (2003). "Biofilm growth and detachment of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans". J. Bacteriol ... a biofilm-releasing glycoside hydrolase from the periodontopathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans". J. Mol. Biol. 349 (3 ... "Poly-N-acetylglucosamine mediates biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Microb ...
*  Jørgen Slots
"Comparison of Two Selective Media for Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans." J Clin Microbiol 1986;24:636-638. Fryman A, ... Slots is responsible for discovering the role of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus ...
*  Tryptic soy-serum-bacitracin-vancomycin
"Comparison of Two Selective Media for Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans." J Clin Microbiol 1986;24:636-638. Slots, J. " ... "Selective medium for isolation of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans." J Clin Microbiol 1982;15:606-609.. ...
*  Oral microbiology
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is considered an oral pathogen due to its virulence factors, its association with ... 2008). "Molecular Windows into the Pathogenic Properties of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans". Molecular Oral Microbiology ...
*  Debridement (dental)
These bacteria include Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Healthy ...
*  Vaccine
Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia and Salmonella infections in pigs. Vaccine development has several trends: Until recently,[when ... "Development of a DIVA subunit vaccine against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection". Vaccine. 24 (49): 7226-32. doi: ...
*  Dam methylase
"Inactivation of DNA adenine methyltransferase alters virulence factors in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans". Oral ...
*  Indole test
Actinobacillus spp., Aeromonas salmonicida, Alcaligenes sp., most Bacillus sp., Bordetella sp., Enterobacter sp., most ...
*  Sulfatide
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae are pathogens that cause respiratory disease in swine. Haemophilus ... Escherichia coli TOP10 strain Campylobacter jejuni Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Haemophilus influenzae Actinobacillus ...
*  Aggregatibacter
Nørskov-Lauritsen, N.; Kilian, M. (2006). "Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, ... Nørskov-Lauritsen, N.; Kilian, M. (2006). "Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, ... "Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus ...
*  HACEK organisms
HACEK originally referred to Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, ... previously Actinobacillus), Cardiobacterium, Eikenella, Kingella. The HACEK organisms are a normal part of the human microbiota ... previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans) Aggregatibacter segnis Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (previously Haemophilus ...
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Shope) Pohl et al. ATCC ® 33590&t  Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Shope) Pohl et al. ATCC ® 33590&t
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ATCC ® 33590™ Designation: Femo TypeStrain=True Application: Characterization Respiratory ... Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Shope) Pohl et al. (ATCC® 33590™) Strain Designations: Femo / Type Strain: yes / Biosafety ... Analysis of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and related organisms by DNA-DNA hybridization and restriction endonuclease ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/By_Disease__Model/Infectious_Diseases/Respiratory/33590.aspx
KEGG PATHWAY: Homologous recombination - Actinobacillus suis H91-0380  KEGG PATHWAY: Homologous recombination - Actinobacillus suis H91-0380
Homologous recombination - Actinobacillus suis H91-0380 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?asi03440
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae - Wikipedia  Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae - Wikipedia
Gillaspy, A. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Cytometry Research-University of Oklahoma ... "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae". Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Retrieved 20 April 2013. [permanent ... Brownfield, B. "Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in swine". Purdue University-Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. Retrieved 20 ... Type strain of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinobacillus_pleuropneumoniae
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ApaA protein
     Summary Report | CureHunter  Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ApaA protein Summary Report | CureHunter
... an antigenic membrane protein from Actinobacillus pleuropnemoniae homology to ABC transporters; amino acid sequence in first ... Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ApaA protein. Subscribe to New Research on Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ApaA protein ... an antigenic membrane protein from Actinobacillus pleuropnemoniae homology to ABC transporters; amino acid sequence in first ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryC121860-Actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-ApaA-protein.do
Actinobacillus suis Activity Persists | National Hog Farmer  Actinobacillus suis Activity Persists | National Hog Farmer
... we commented on a general rise in the frequency of Actinobacillus suis (A. suis) isolation from our swine tissue submission ... Actinobacillus suis Activity Persists. A little over two years ago, we commented on a general rise in the frequency of ... A little over two years ago, we commented on a general rise in the frequency of Actinobacillus suis (A. suis) isolation from ... The main concern with Actinobacillus suis, however, is sudden deaths in finishing pigs and adult breeding animals due to ...
more infohttp://www.nationalhogfarmer.com/weekly-preview/0830-actinobacillus-suis-persists
Caspase 1 involvement in human monocyte lysis induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin  Caspase 1 involvement in human monocyte lysis induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, an oral bacterium implicated in the etiology of periodontal diseases, produces a ... Caspase 1 involvement in human monocyte lysis induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin. Kelk, Peyman Umeå ... Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans is a bacterium mainly associated with aggressive forms of periodontitis ...
more infohttp://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A146154&c=28&searchType=SIMPLE&language=sv&query=&af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22personId%22%3A%22authority-person%3A65531%22%7D%5D%5D&aq2=%5B%5B%5D%5D&aqe=%5B%5D&noOfRows=50&sortOrder=author_sort_asc&sortOrder2=title_sort_asc&onlyFullText=false&sf=all
Isolation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 by immunomagnetic separation - DTU Orbit  Isolation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 by immunomagnetic separation - DTU Orbit
Isolation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 by immunomagnetic separation. Publication: Research - peer-review › ... In Denmark porcine pleuropneumonia is most frequently caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 (60%). Isolation of ...
more infohttp://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/isolation-of-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-serotype-2-by-immunomagnetic-separation
Frontiers | A TolC-Like Protein of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Is Involved in Antibiotic Resistance and Biofilm Formation |...  Frontiers | A TolC-Like Protein of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Is Involved in Antibiotic Resistance and Biofilm Formation |...
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiologic agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, a significant disease that causes ... Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiologic agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, a significant disease that causes ... FIGURE 1. Location of TolC1 and TolC2 of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in the TolC family phylogenetic tree. The TolC ... 2002). Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae: pathobiology and pathogenesis of infection. Microbes Infect. 4, 225-235. doi: 10.1016/ ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01618/full
Estudio del comportamiento serológico de Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) en planteles porcinos comerciales de la zona...  Estudio del comportamiento serológico de Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) en planteles porcinos comerciales de la zona...
MUNOZ, D; QUEZADA, M y RUIZ, A. Serological behaviour study of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) in commercial swine herds ... Palabras clave : Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae; seroprevalence; seroconversion. · resumen en Español · texto en Español · ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0301-732X2008000200006&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infections in pigs: the role of virulence factors in pathogenesis and protection.  Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infections in pigs: the role of virulence factors in pathogenesis and protection.
... Freddy ... "Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae Infections in Pigs: The Role of Virulence Factors in Pathogenesis and Protection." Veterinary ... "Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae Infections in Pigs: The Role of Virulence Factors in Pathogenesis and Protection." VETERINARY ... Haesebrouck F, Chiers K, Van Overbeke I, Ducatelle R. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infections in pigs: the role of virulence ...
more infohttps://biblio.ugent.be/publication/176028
Putative biomarkers for evaluating antibiotic treatment: an experimental model of porcine Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae...  Putative biomarkers for evaluating antibiotic treatment: an experimental model of porcine Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae...
zinc, antibiotics, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, pigs, haptoglobin, Ab alpha-tocopherol, interleukin-6, biomarkers, C- ... Putative biomarkers for evaluating antibiotic treatment: an experimental model of porcine Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ... possible role as evaluators of antibiotic treatment in an aerosol infection model of porcine pneumonia caused by Actinobacillus ...
more infohttp://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/putative-biomarkers-for-evaluating-antibiotic-treatment-an-experimental-model-of-porcine-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-infection
Experimental actinobacillus seminis infection of rams : a scanning electron microscopy study of seminal vesicles  Experimental actinobacillus seminis infection of rams : a scanning electron microscopy study of seminal vesicles
... K-REx ... Experimental actinobacillus seminis infection of rams : a scanning electron microscopy study of seminal vesicles. Stockinger, ...
more infohttp://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/11886
Seroprevalence of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars 2, 3 and 9 in slaughter pigs from Belgian fattening farms |...  Seroprevalence of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars 2, 3 and 9 in slaughter pigs from Belgian fattening farms |...
Seroprevalence of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars 2, 3 and 9 in slaughter pigs from Belgian fattening farms ... Seroprevalence of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars 2, 3 and 9 in slaughter pigs from Belgian fattening farms ... selected fattening pig herds were studied to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of infections with Actinobacillus ...
more infohttp://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/151/7/206
PCR specific for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 3  - RVC Research Online  PCR specific for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 3 - RVC Research Online
Serotypes 3 and 8 of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, the aetiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, have been reported to ... PCR specific for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 3. VETERINARY RECORD, 162 (20). 648-+. ...
more infohttp://researchonline.rvc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1763/
Structures of the antigenic O-polysaccharides of lipopolysaccharides produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes...  Structures of the antigenic O-polysaccharides of lipopolysaccharides produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes...
Structures of the antigenic O-polysaccharides of lipopolysaccharides produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes ... 13C-NMR; 1H-NMR; 6-deoxy-L-talose; Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans; Antigens; bacterial; Canada; chemical; chemistry; D- ... [email protected]: Structures of the antigenic O-polysaccharides of lipopolysaccharides produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans ... Structures of the antigenic O-polysaccharides of lipopolysaccharides produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes ...
more infohttp://nparc.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/view/object/?id=0bb3780b-5afa-483e-8aa9-624e7f4bca11
Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine este disponibil in...  Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine este disponibil in...
Pasteur > Noutati > Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine ... Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine este disponibil in ... Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine este disponibil in ... Un nou test PCR pentru detectia Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in probele biologice prelevate de la suine este disponibil in ...
more infohttp://www.pasteur.ro/noutati/un-nou-test-pcr-pentru-detectia-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-in-probele-biologice-prelevate-de-la-suine-este-disponibil-in-cadrul-centrului-de-diagnostic-pasteur-romania/
PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THE ACTINOBACILLUS PLEUROPNEUMONIAE TOXIN     APXI EMPLOYING A CULTURE MEDIUM COMPRISING CALCIUM...  PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THE ACTINOBACILLUS PLEUROPNEUMONIAE TOXIN APXI EMPLOYING A CULTURE MEDIUM COMPRISING CALCIUM...
0004] It is commonly known how to produce the RTX-toxin ApxI by culturing Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in a culturing medium ... 1. A method to produce RTX-toxin ApxI comprising culturing Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae bacteria in a culturing medium that ... Without NAD, the medium will not support growth of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae bacteria and can thus not be considered ... The present invention pertains to a method to produce RTX-toxin Apxl by culturing Actinobacillus pleuropneumonica bacteria in a ...
more infohttp://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110229935
Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical isolate PO...  Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical isolate PO...
Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical isolate PO ... [email protected]: Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical ... Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical isolate PO ... Investigation of the structure of lipid A from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strain Y 4 and human clinical isolate PO ...
more infohttp://nparc.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/view/object/?id=1c888dba-8928-43ba-b56c-6c451b24c1ec
  • A little over two years ago, we commented on a general rise in the frequency of Actinobacillus suis (A. suis) isolation from our swine tissue submission cases, and wondered if it was related to the increased porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) activity (National Hog Farmer North American Preview, June 6, 2008). (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • UK - The Animal Health Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) has reported piglet diarrhoea, colitis, erysipelas, oedema disease and an unusual presentation of Actinobacillus suis, in its Pig Disease Surveillance Monthly Report for November 2014. (thepigsite.com)
  • Actinobacillus seminis is frequently isolated from the lesions that produces clinical signs and reproductive discrepancies in ram wherein transmission implicit through direct contact between mucous membrane from all orifices during pre-mating period owing to boost up homosexual activity in which ewe considered as the intermediate carriers upholding ewe to lamb transmission. (biology-online.org)