A plant species of the family ACTINIDIACEAE, order Theales.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known for its mild calming effect and for the way cats are attracted to the aroma.
A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the calcium salt, sometimes also referred to as cyanamide. The citrated calcium salt is used in the treatment of alcoholism.
A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A plant genus of subsucculent annual or perennial plants in the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.
A superorder of large, mostly flightless birds, named for their distinctive PALATE morphology. It includes the orders Apterygiformes, Casuriiformes, Dinornithiformes, RHEIFORMES; STRUTHIONIFORMES and Tinamiformes.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.
A plant family of the order Theales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is best known for Kiwi fruit (ACTINIDIA).
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
A plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.

DNA markers for identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae. (1/91)

The specific DNA fragment was screened by RAPD analysis of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, as well as similar strains that were isolated from kiwifruits. The primer C24 detected a fragment that is specific in P. syringae pv. actinidiae. This fragment was cloned. The pathovar-specific fragment was detected from a Southern blot analysis of the genomic DNAs of P. syringae pv. actinidiae using the cloned fragment as a probe. The sequence size of the cloned fragment was determined as 675 bp. A DNA Database search suggested that the fragment was a novel one. Approximately 9 kb of a single fragment was detected only in the P. syringae pv. actinidiae by a Southern blot analysis of the genomic DNAs of P. syringae pv. actinidiae. Similar strains were also detected with the use of the cloned fragment as a probe. Since the genomic DNAs were digested with HindIII without a cleavage site, the result reveals that the cloned fragment exists on the genome of P. syringae pv. actinidiae as a single copy. A pair of primers that produced a 492 bp single fragment (only in the strains of P. syringae pv. actinidiae) were synthesized, based on the pathovar-specific sequences of the cloned fragment of P. syringae pv. actinidiae. The development of the primers and probe made it possible to diagnose the bacterial canker infection from leaves or trunks of kiwifruit trees before any symptom appeared on the tree.  (+info)

Kiwifruit promotes laxation in the elderly. (2/91)

Numerous anecdotal reports have suggested that kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) has laxative effects. This could be an acceptable dietary supplement, especially for elderly people who often present with constipation. We wished to obtain objective evidence as to whether or not kiwifruit eaten regularly could promote laxation in elderly people. Thirty-eight healthy adults of age > 60 years consumed their normal diet, with or without one kiwifruit per 30 kg bodyweight for three weeks, followed by a 3-week crossover period. Daily records were taken on frequency of defecation and characteristics of the stools. Kiwifruit significantly enhanced all tested measures of laxation in these adults. The regular use of kiwifruit appeared to lead to a bulkier and softer stool, as well as more frequent stool production. Kiwifruit as a natural remedy appears palatable to most of the population and provides improved laxation for elderly individuals who are otherwise healthy. It is likely that a number of factors in the whole fruit are involved, but the nature of the stools suggest fibre is important. This study provides evidence of the potential for improvement in bowel function, health and well-being through changes in diet.  (+info)

Quantitative analysis of shoot development and branching patterns in Actinidia. (3/91)

We developed a framework for the quantitative description of Actinidia vine architecture, classifying shoots into three types (short, medium and long) corresponding to the modes of node number distribution and the presence/ absence of neoformed nodes. Short and medium shoots were self-terminated and had only preformed nodes. Based on the cut-off point between their two modes of node number distribution, short shoots were defined as having nine or less nodes, and medium shoots as having more than nine nodes. Long shoots were non-terminated and had a number of neoformed nodes; the total number of nodes per shoot was up to 90. Branching patterns for each parent shoot type were represented by a succession of branching zones. Probabilities of different types of axillary production (latent bud, short, medium or long shoot) and the distributions of length for each branching zone were estimated from experimental data using hidden semi-Markov chain stochastic models. Branching was acrotonic on short and medium parent shoots, with most axillary shoots being located near the shoot tip. For long parent shoots, branching was mesotonic, with most long axillary shoots being located in the transition zone between the preformed and neoformed part of the parent shoot. Although the shoot classification is based on node number distribution there was a marked difference in average (per shoot) internode length between the shoot types, with mean values of 9, 27 and 47 mm for short, medium and long shoots, respectively. Bud and shoot development is discussed in terms of environmental controls.  (+info)

Modelling kiwifruit budbreak as a function of temperature and bud interactions. (4/91)

This paper presents two models of budbreak on canes of 'Hayward' kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). A conventional 'chill unit' (CU) type model is compared with an alternative 'loss of potential' (LOP) approach, which assumes that the number of buds developing in spring depends on climate and node position-dependent bud-to-bud interactions that vary in duration and intensity. Both models describe how temperature, and application of a dormancy-breaking chemical, determine the overall amount of budbreak for whole canes. However, the LOP model does so by describing patterns of budbreak along canes. To do this, the cumulative influence of distal neighbours is assumed to cause a progressive fall in the capacity for bud development over the autumn-winter period, an influence that gets stronger as temperature rises. The LOP model also assumes that the rate of decline varies along the cane, as a function of some inherent bud property. These two factors mean that buds towards the base of the cane break less often under the suppressive influence of distal neighbours, while low temperature ('chilling') increases budbreak by diminishing the intensity of suppression relative to bud development rate. Under this scenario, dormancy-breaking chemicals (such as hydrogen cyanamide, HC) enhance budbreak by diminishing the duration of suppression. Models were calibrated using daily temperature series and budbreak proportion data from a multi-year regional survey, and were then tested against independent data sets. Both models were run from a fixed start date until the time budbreak was almost complete, or until a standard date. The fitted models described 87 % of variation in amount of budbreak due to site, year, HC and node position effects in the original data set. Results suggest that the correlation between chilling and the amount of budbreak can be interpreted as a population-based phenomenon based on interaction among buds.  (+info)

A case of chloroplast heteroplasmy in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) that is not transmitted during sexual reproduction. (5/91)

We report the first case of plastid chimera within the Actinidia genus, where plastid inheritance was believed to be paternal. The heterogeneity of chloroplast DNA observed in the hexaploid Actinidia deliciosa cultivar D uno involves the presence or absence of a particular MspI restriction site in the region between the psbC gene and the tRNA-Ser(UGA) gene. The heterogeneity was first observed using restriction fragment length polymorphism and then confirmed through cloning and sequencing. The analysis of the cloned fragments revealed the presence of two haplotypes: the most frequent type was found in 123 (88.5%) out of a total of 139 colonies screened. Partial sequences of the psbC-trnS fragment from both haplotypes revealed that the polymorphism occurs within the coding region of the psbC gene and consists of a synonymous transition. A contamination-free cross involving D uno as the male parent produced only plants characterized by the most frequent haplotype, indicating either selection bias against the rare type or more likely fixation of the frequent type in tissues leading to the formation of the male gametes. The MspI restriction profiles performed on various tissues suggest that the rarer type is absent from the histogenic layer LII and that D uno is a periclinal plastid chimera.  (+info)

A one-step organelle capture: gynogenetic kiwifruits with paternal chloroplasts. (6/91)

Androgenesis, the development of a haploid embryo from a male nucleus, has been shown to result in the instantaneous uncoupling of the transmission of the organelle and nuclear genomes (with the nuclear genome originating from the male parent only and the organelle genomes from the female parent). We report, for the first time, uncoupling resulting from gynogenesis, in Actinidia deliciosa (kiwifruit), a plant species known for its paternal mode of chloroplast inheritance. After pollen irradiation, transmission of nuclear genes from the pollen parent to the progeny was inhibited, but transmission of the chloroplast genome was not. This demonstrates that plastids can be discharged from the pollen tube into the egg with little or no concomitant transmission of paternal nuclear genes. Such events of opposite inheritance of the organelle and nuclear genomes must be very rare in nature and are unlikely to endanger the long-term stability of the association between the different genomes of the cell. However, they could lead to incongruences between organelle gene trees and species trees and may constitute an alternative to the hybridization/introgression scenario commonly invoked to account for such incongruences.  (+info)

Chloroplast inheritance patterns in Actinidia hybrids determined by single stranded conformation polymorphism analysis. (7/91)

The inheritance patterns of the chloroplast genomes of the Actinidia hybrids A. eriantha (male parent) x A. chinensis (female parent) and A. chinensis (male parent) x A. melanandra (female parent) were analyzed using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the trnL-trnF and psbA-trnH intergenic spacers. This showed that the artificial hybrids between A. eriantha and A. chinensis all had the haplotype of their male parent. Alignment of the sequences of A. eriantha and A. chinensis revealed four substitutions and one insertion (GATTC) in trnL-trnF and two substitutions in psbA-trnH. In contrast, the haplotypes of the artificial hybrids between A. chinensis and A. melanandra had the same patterns as their female parent. Alignment of the entire region of A. chinensis and A. melanandra revealed 12 substitutions: 1 in trnL-trnF and 11 in psbA-trnH. However, no sequence variation in the trnL-trnF and psbA-trnH intergenic spacers was found. We have developed a simple screening method for detecting the inheritance patterns of Actinidia chloroplast DNA haplotypes using SSCP analysis of the trnL-trnF and psbA-trnH intergenic spacers. Our findings indicate that the inheritance of the chloroplast genome in Actinidia hybrids differs according to the species selected.  (+info)

Pectin methylesterase inhibitor. (8/91)

Pectin methylesterase (PME) is the first enzyme acting on pectin, a major component of plant cell wall. PME action produces pectin with different structural and functional properties, having an important role in plant physiology. Regulation of plant PME activity is obtained by the differential expression of several isoforms in different tissues and developmental stages and by subtle modifications of cell wall local pH. Inhibitory activities from various plant sources have also been reported. A proteinaceous inhibitor of PME (PMEI) has been purified from kiwi fruit. The kiwi PMEI is active against plant PMEs, forming a 1:1 non-covalent complex. The polypeptide chain comprises 152 amino acid residues and contains five Cys residues, four of which are connected by disulfide bridges, first to second and third to fourth. The sequence shows significant similarity with the N-terminal pro-peptides of plant PME, and with plant invertase inhibitors. In particular, the four Cys residues involved in disulfide bridges are conserved. On the basis of amino acid sequence similarity and Cys residues conservation, a large protein family including PMEI, invertase inhibitors and related proteins of unknown function has been identified. The presence of at least two sequences in the Arabidopsis genome having high similarity with kiwi PMEI suggests the ubiquitous presence of this inhibitor. PMEI has an interest in food industry as inhibitor of endogenous PME, responsible for phase separation and cloud loss in fruit juice manufacturing. Affinity chromatography on resin-bound PMEI can also be used to concentrate and detect residual PME activity in fruit and vegetable products.  (+info)

Synonyms for Actinidia deliciosa in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Actinidia deliciosa. 4 synonyms for Actinidia deliciosa: Actinidia chinensis, Chinese gooseberry, kiwi, kiwi vine. What are synonyms for Actinidia deliciosa?
Define Actinidia arguta. Actinidia arguta synonyms, Actinidia arguta pronunciation, Actinidia arguta translation, English dictionary definition of Actinidia arguta. Noun 1. Actinidia arguta - climbing Asiatic vine having long finely serrate leaves and racemes of white flowers followed by greenish-yellow edible fruit...
The total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, vitamin C content, and antioxidant activities of ethanol extracts from different kiwifruit varieties (Actinidia kolomikta, Actinidia arguta, Actinidia chinensis) were determined in this study. Multiple scavenging activity assays including the hydroxyl radical, O2−·radical, DPPH, and the ABTS+ radical scavenging activity assays were used to identify the antioxidant activities of Actinidia extracts. The cell viability of HepG2 and HT-29 cells was also examined in this study. The results demonstrated that the Actinidia kolomikta extract had a higher antioxidant activity than the other two Actinidia extracts. There is a positive correlation between antioxidant activity and the polyphenols and vitamin C content in all three extracts (R2 ≥ 0.712, p | 0.05). The Actinidia arguta extract had the highest inhibitory effect on HepG2 and HT-29 cell growth. These results provide new insight into the health functions of fruit and demonstrate that Actinidia
Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa var. deliciosa) is a species particularly important to the New Zealand economy yet little is known of the genetics or origins of its hexaploid genome. The aim of this thesis was to investigate interspecific and intraspecific relationships of kiwifruit and in particular to determine whether the kiwifruit genome had arisen primarily via an autopolyploid or allopolyploid mechanism. Phylogenetic relationships between A. deliciosa and three of its closest relatives within the same section of the genus Actinidia were investigated using restriction fragment length polymorphism and the data used to generate a phylogenetic tree depicting this relationship. The four species were differentiated into two pairings, A. chinensis with A. deliciosa and A. eriantha with A. latifolia. The results support the known close taxonomic relationship between diploid A. ...
China Manufacturer Natural Kiwi Fruit 10: 1 Extract Powder, Find details about China Kiwi Fruit Powder, Actinidia Chinensis Extract from Manufacturer Natural Kiwi Fruit 10: 1 Extract Powder - Xi′an Tianrui Biotech Co., Ltd.
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, 2,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3(2H)-furanone, 2-(5-methyl-5-(oxiran-2-yl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)propan-1-ol, 2,6-dimethyl-6-hydroxyocta-2,7-dienal, 2,8-dimethyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridec-11-enyl)chroman-6-ol, 2alpha,3alpha,23-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid, 2alpha,3alpha,23-tri-hydroxyursa-12,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid, 2alpha,3alpha,24-trihydroxyursa-12,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid, 2alpha,3alpha,24-trihydroxyursa-12-en-28-oic acid, 2alpha,3beta,19,23-tetrahydroxylolean-12-en-28-oic acid, 2alpha,3beta,19,23-tetra-hydroxyl-urs-12-en-oic acid, 2alpha,3beta,24-trihydroxyursa-12-en-28-oic acid, 2alpha-hydroxyoleanolic acid, 2alpha-hydroxyursolic acid, 2-cyclohexen-1-one, 2-ethylfuran, 2-hexanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 2-methylbutanoate, 2-methylpropanoate, 2-(methylsulfanyl)acetate ester, 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethanol, 3beta-O-acetylursolic acid, 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, 3-hydroxy-beta-damascone, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 3-methyl-2-butanone, 3-methyl-2-butenal, 3-methyl-3-buten-2-one, ...
Este trabalho objetivou caracterizar, a campo, os danos de A. fraterculus e avaliar, em laboratório, aspectos biológicos da espécie em duas cultivares de quivi (Actinidia chinensis cv. MG06 e Actinidia deliciosa cv. Bruno). Frutos das duas cultivares foram infestados em pomar situado em Farroupilha, RS, no início (30% do tamanho final), metade (90% do tamanho final) e final do ciclo (ponto sw colheita), e em laboratório, desde o início da frutificação até a colheita, com adultos de A. fraterculus. Na cultivar MG06, três dias após a primeira infestação, realizada no início do desenvolvimento, observou-se a formação de exsudato cristalino nos locais de punctura e, na colheita, rachaduras, depressões e primórdios de galerias. Na mesma cultivar, registrou-se fibrose nos frutos infestados no ponto de colheita. Apesar de terem sidos computados ovos nos frutos, a campo, não houve desenvolvimento larval nessa cultivar. Na cultivar Bruno não foram constatados danos e ovos. Não houve ...
Buy Plants and Seeds | Rare and Unusual | Passiflora | Aristolochia | Asclepias | Bananas Actinidia arguta Issai Hardy Kiwi 15 seeds - Seeds from this Actinidia arguta Issai Hardy kiwi. This variety is native to Japan, Korea and Manchuria. Many cultivars are noted for different fruit characters, however only Issai is commonly available. This form is beautifully flowered and requires male pollinator to set abundant crops of 1 inch fruit. The large
A new and distinct |i|Actinidia chinensis |/i|cultivar named KZ02 is disclosed, characterized by a distinctive yellow inner pericarp and a mid seasonal harvest time. The new variety bears fruit heav
Actinidia Chinensis Planch roots (acRoots) are used to treat many cancers, although the anti-tumor mechanism by which acRoots inhibit cancer cell growth remains unclear. The present study aims at investigating inhibitory effects of acRoots on human lung cancer cells and potential mechanisms. Our data demonstrate that the inhibitory effects of acRoots on lung cancer cells depend on genetic backgrounds and phenotypes of cells. We furthermore found the expression of metabolism-associated gene profiles varied between acRoots-hypersensitive (H460) or hyposensitive lung cancer cells (H1299) after screening lung cancer cells with different genetic backgrounds. We selected retinoic acid receptor beta (RARB) as the core target within metabolism-associated core gene networks and evaluated RARB changes and roles in cells treated with acRoots at different concentrations and timeframes. Hypersensitive cancer cells with the deletion of RARB expression did not response to the treatment with acRoots, while RARB ...
Kiwifruit bacterial canker, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3 (Psa), has caused considerable damage in New Zealand to susceptible kiwifruit vines. In 2013, a study of kiwifruit bacterial canker in Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa Haywardorchards investigated whether commercial vine management activities, undertaken during periods of high weather risk, increased the risk of severe bacterial canker symptoms of shoot wilt and cane dieback in kiwifruit orchard blocks. The approach taken, which is novel to botanical epidemiology but widely used in veterinary and medical epidemiology, used observational data with multivariable modelling. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey from 223 kiwifruit growers. Our results showed statistically significant associations between pruning activities conducted in high-weather-risk periods in spring and the presence of severe symptoms. These results suggested that a risk-indicator threshold of about 25 from the weather-based Psa ...
Actinidia eriantha Benth. is a diploid perennial woody vine native to China and is recognized as a valuable species for commercial kiwifruit improvement with high levels of ascorbic acid as well as having been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Due to the lack of genomic resources for the species, microsatellite markers for population genetics studies are scarce. In this study, RNASeq was conducted on fruit tissue of A. eriantha, yielding 5,678,129 reads with a total output of 3.41 Gb. De novo assembly yielded 69,783 non-redundant unigenes (41.3 Mb), of which 21,730 were annotated using protein databases. A total of 8,658 EST-SSR loci were identified in 7,495 unigene sequences, for which primer pairs were successfully designed for 3,842 loci (44.4 %). Among these, 183 primer pairs were assayed for PCR amplification, yielding 69 with detectable polymorphism in A. eriantha. Additionally, 61 of the 69 polymorphic loci could be successfully amplified in at least one other Actinidia species. Of these, 14
Bacterial canker of kiwifruit, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), is a disease that is spreading rapidly in several kiwifruit-producing countries, causing significant economic losses. In 2011, it was detected for the first time in Spain, in the south of Galicia (northwest Spain). Kiwifruit orchards were therefore inspected and sampled in 2011 and 2012 to determine the pathogen distribution, and the isolates obtained were characterized by morphology, fatty acids profile, biochemical tests and molecular techniques. Isolates were obtained from Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward' (from leaves, canes, flower buds, fruits and roots), from A.deliciosa 'Summer', from Actinidia chinensis 'Jin Tao' (from canes and leaves) and from A.chinensis pollinator 'Belen' (from canes). Results of the analysis of the cfl gene (phytotoxin production-related), the tox-argK gene cluster and phylogenetic analysis of the cts gene demonstrated that all Psa isolates from northwest ...
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) is the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit. This pathogen affects Actinidia species (Actinidia deliciosa and A. chinensis) worldwide. The main symptoms are oozing of whitish or reddish exudates from cankers present along the trunk and branches, spots surrounded by yellow halos on the leaves, twig dieback, fruit collapse, leaf and plant wilting. The disease is a serious threat for kiwifruit production, due to high tree mortality and reduced production and, consequently, having an increasing socio-economic impact. The recent severe outbreaks of bacterial canker of kiwifruit in the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) regions and in New Zealand has been related to the appearance of a local, very aggressive aplotype of Psa.called Psa biovar 3. Possible pathways of pathogen introduction and disease spread into new territories are Actinidia spp. plants for planting, which represent the main pathway for long distance dissemination
Seme Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta), kiwi berry, arctic kiwi, otporan do -34 Cena je za pakovanje od 7 ili 20 semena. Raste veoma veoma brzo i ono sto je i
Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson 1984 (A. chinensis Planch. var. deliciosa (A. Chev.) A. Chev. 1941). D Ægte kiwi. F kiiviköynnös. N kiwi. S kiwi. - Stem very densely hairy from long, patent, red-brown, broad-based hairs. Leaves 7-11 - 5-6.5 cm, periodically serrate with teeth directed outwards; upper surface densely hairy from red-brown, broad-based hairs (shorter than those of the stem); lower surface densely hairy from hyaline, thin hairs. Flowers not seen in Nordic material. - [2n=174 ...
The replacement of fruit allergen extracts with component-resolved allergens seems tobe a promising concept. In this regard, the evaluation of allergenic properties of aparticular allergen candidate for component-resolved diagnosis needs to be performed.In this study evaluation of the biochemical and allergenic properties of cysteineproteinase inhibitor purified from green kiwifruit (nCPI) was performed. The IgEreactivity was detected both in vitro (dot blot) and in vivo (skin prick test and basophileactivation assay), while IgG rectivity in both Western blot analysis nd ELISA test.Biological activity was assesed by examining the growth inhibition of three plantpathogenic bacterial strains (A.tumefaciens, B. cepacia and, to a lesser extent, E.carotovora) and two phytopathogenic fungi (A. radicina and B. cinerea) both in vitroand in vivo. Due to low abundance of nCPI molecule in kiwifruit the coding sequence ofkiwi CPI was efficiently expressed in Escherichia coli. Molecular identity of... rCPI ...
Since 2001 an unusual disease, named elephantiasis, was observed in the kiwifruit cultivar Hayward in orchards of Northern Italy. The symptom most typical of elephantiasis is trunk hypertrophy. Fusarium solani has been frequently isolated from affected plants and its involvement in the disease is being tested with pathogenicity trials that are underway. F. solani is known for its ability to synthesize indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). This auxin is essential for cell growth, affecting both cell division and cellular expansion, and it may promote at tissue level axial elongation, lateral or isodiametric expansions. F. solani strains were grown in vitro on agar-potato-dextrose (PDA) to screen their biological and growth promoting traits (colonization ability and IAA production). Furthermore, to investigate whether the fungus affects plant hormone metabolism during the course of plant-fungus interaction, we used an in vitro system that allowed us to determine the IAA levels in plant tissues by using ...
Food allergy is an IgE mediated reaction of the immune system to food components, mostcommonly to food proteins. Food allergies develop after primary sensitization through thegastrointestinal tract and the mechanism behind this route of sensitization has not yet beenelucidated. It has been postulated that in order to sensitize the organism through an oralroute, food allergens must reach the gastrointestinal mucosa in at least a partially intactform in order to interact with the immune system. In addition to the unclear mechanism ofsensitization, food allergies also present a challenge in the field of diagnostics, while theonly effective therapy method to date is the strict avoidance of allergenic substances.During the last 30 years, since its first appearance on the world market, kiwifruit hasbecome one of the more popular components of human nutrition, and yet, at the same time,it has emerged as one of the ten most frequent elicitors of allergic reactions to food.Actinidin, a cysteine... ...
The bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), biovar 3 causes a destructive disease of kiwifruit. Psa was first identified in New Zealand on 5 November 2010 on Actinidia chinensis Hort16A (Zespri Gold) kiwifruit vines in the Te Puke region and has now spread to 81% of kiwifruit orchards. Intensive spray programmes based upon Actigard® and copper-based products have been implemented by growers, but the high usage of copper products is unsustainable. Therefore, breeding new cultivars with greater resistance to Psa has become a priority. Plant and Food Research (PFR) has developed a range of bioassays to characterise kiwifruit germplasm (e.g., tissue culture plantlets, potted seedling and mature vines) for resistance to Psa. The woody-stem bioassay measures Psa lesion development and bacterial prolifera¬tion on wound-inoculated cane segments (bud wood). The measurements are combined to provide a woody stem bioassay index (WSBI) which ranges from 0 (resistant) to 100 ...
Extracts having antioxidant properties show promising effect on human skin. The main objective of this study was to perform phytochemical analysis to ..
The Plant Profiler provides detailed information and bioactive compounds for numerous different plant species. The high quality, evidence-based information on each Plant Profiler page is gathered by Natural Standard, the authority on integrative medicine.
Kiwi plants (Actinidia spp.), commonly called kiwifruit, produce sweet, mellow fruit on vining stems. The oval leaves sport fine, reddish hairs when young, which disappear as the leaves mature. Fuzzy ...
Diaporthe species are significant pathogens, saprobes, and endophytes, with comprehensive host association and geographic distribution. These fungi cause severe dieback, cankers, leaf spots, blights, and stem-end rot of fruits on different plant hosts. This study, explored the occurrence, diversity and pathogenicity of Diaporthe spp. associated with Actinidia chinensis and A. deliciosa in the main kiwifruit production areas of China. Diaporthe isolates (284) derived from 106 diseased leaf and branch samples were examined. Multi-locus phylogenetic analyses and morphology of 43 representative isolates revealed that seven Diaporthe species were obtained, including D. alangii, D. compactum, D. eres, D. hongkongensis, D. sojae, D. tectonae, and D. unshiuensis. Pathogenicity tests were performed on kiwifruit fruits, leaves and branches. Kochs postulates confirmed all species were pathogenic. D. alangii and D. tectonae were the most aggressive species, followed by D. eres, D. sojae, D. hongkongensis, ...
In the elderly, immunosenescence and malnourishment can contribute to increased risk and severity of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Gold kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Hort16A) contains nutrients important for immune function and mitigation of symptoms of infection, including vitamins C and E, folate, polyphenols and carotenoids. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether regular consumption of gold kiwifruit reduces symptoms of URTI in older people, and determine the effect it has on plasma antioxidants, and markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and immune function. A total of thirty-two community-dwelling people ( ≥ 65 years) participated in a randomised crossover study, consuming the equivalent of four kiwifruit or two bananas daily for 4 weeks, with treatments separated by a 4-week washout period. Participants completed the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey-21 daily, and blood samples were collected at baseline and at the end of each treatment and ...
Monstera deliciosa albo-variegata will be available weekly via our auctions page. Auctions go live every Friday at 10am CST and end at 6pm CST on the following Sunday. Monstera deliciosa albo-variegata is a magnificent variegated form of the species. This vine is commonly called "Split-leaf Philodendron". The species i
Italys kiwifruit growers are considered to be world-leading players of the past 20 years. However, with this success come its challenges. In the last five years, a bacterial canker of kiwifruit known as Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) has caused a dramatic reduction in the size of the areas cultivated, leading to several experienced Piedmontese Actinidia deliciosa growers beginning to cultivate the A. arguta. To better understand the potential for replacing the common kiwifruit in Italys Piedmont region with plantations of A. arguta and to attain a systematic approach and support for decision situations; we assessed the environmental impact of the two production chains (field and storage) from a technical-operational perspective. The assessment was conducted through interviews with producers, field and warehouse technicians and sales managers in order to reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the two systems. The work presented below considers the application of the Life Cycle Assessment
Italian scientists have identified a new member of the vitamin E family, extracted from kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa Hayward), according to results of a new study.
Consumption of the green flesh kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa, Hayward variety) is known to relieve constipation and provide relief from symptoms of digestive dysfunction, but the effect is poorly researched and a credible explanation and mechanism has not been documented. This body of work aimed to increase the understanding of the effects of kiwifruit on the digestion process. There is some evidence that the mechanism may be due to the proteolytic properties of actinidin, a unique protease in kiwifruit. Actinidin has a wide pH-dependent reactivity between pH 2.5 - 6 with an optimum at pH 3.0 - 3.5; equivalent to low acid conditions more associated with hypochlorhydria than the pH range of 1.5 - 2.5 normally associated with efficient gastric hydrolysis of protein. It was hypothesised that in vitro and in vivo the digestion of protein would be facilitated by the presence of the kiwifruit protease, particularly when pH exceeded normal fasting gastric pH. A sequence of studies to measure the ...
The anatomical investigation of the main vegetative organs of 14 species and varieties in the Actinidia of Henan is under taken in the present paper.The conclusion is as follows:(1)It is possible for the petiolar traces of fruit shoots to trace this progress from arc through circle to circle acompanied by the medullary bundles.(2)The type of the occurence and linkage on the two dorsal cortical bundles in the petiole is the same as the type of the lateral veins.They may be parts of the lateral veins.(3)leaf structure of the cross section in the genus is divided into three types.The first is the shade-adapted type of the high mountains,in which the differences between palisade tissue and the spongy tissue is less obvious.The Second is the shade-induring type where palisade tissue is as developed as the spongy tissue.And the third is the light-loving type whose palisade tissue is much more developed than the spongy tissue.The ecological habits would be considered when the plants are introduced and
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kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa) pollen grain, coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM). Magnification: x3000 when printed at 10 centimetres wide. - Stock Image F004/0834
Fast-growing, disease-and bug free, this self-fertile hardy kiwi produces fragrant pale greenish white summer blooms which soon become delicious fruits.
Native: indigenous.. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized.. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). State documented: never been documented from the county, but known from the state. May be present. Or, may be restricted to a small area or a habitat (alpine, marsh, etc.), so unlikely found in some counties.. Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native status is shown on the map.. ...
Bacterial canker is a destructive disease of kiwifruit caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa). To understand the disease-causing mechanism of Psa, a kiwifruit yeast two-hybrid cDNA library was constructed to identify putative host targets of the Psa Type Three Secreted Effector AvrPto5. In this study, we used the Mate & Plate™ yeast two-hybrid library method for constructing a kiwifruit cDNA library from messenger RNA of young leaves. The constructed library consisted of 2.15 × 106 independent clones with an average insert size of 1.52 kb. The screening of the kiwifruit yeast two-hybrid cDNA library with Psa AvrPto5 revealed the interaction of a V-type proton ATPase subunit-H, a proline rich-protein and heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein 26. Among these, heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein 26 showed a positive interaction with Psa AvrPto5 as both prey and bait.
UnitusOpen is the official channel of the University of Tuscia for collecting, archiving, and disseminating the scientific outputs of the researchers. Visitors of UnitusOpen may get access to open scientific outputs disseminated in accordance with the European requirements of Open Access or enter in contact with researchers for requesting information about their publications.. ...
With their edible fruit and fragrant rose-like flowers, kiwi vines (Actinidia deliciosa) lend a combination of useful and ornamental qualities to gardens within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 and 9. Kiwi vines grown for their fruit are typically propagated from cuttings to preserve their ...
In the late 1970s kiwifruit was hailed as a golden harvest because of the industrys explosive growth. Financial success and the appeal of the orchardists lifestyle attracted investors and new growers, and kiwifruit-growing expanded to new areas such as Northland and Hawkes Bay.. However, unstable interest rates and exchange rates and increased world supplies of kiwifruit led to an industry crisis between 1987 and 1989. Some growers felt bitter that overseas growers were raising kiwifruit from plant stock originally exported from New Zealand - ironically, kiwifruit promoters had created their own competition.. In a tough world market, many exporters competed to sell kiwifruit, driving down the price of the New Zealand fruit. Growers responded by lobbying government to regulate the export sector.. ...
These fabulous statement earrings feature silver hoops with a series of metal leaf charms in mint green, teal green, and forest green; mint green monstera deliciosa charms; and teal green resin roses, all topped with a pair of silver ear wires. The hoops measure 1 3/4 in width. Length: 4 1/2
The Swiss Cheese Plant, otherwise known as the Monstera deliciosa, has been a household favourite for many years, with its large, glossy heart shaped leaves & its unique appearance.
Monstera Deliciosa aka the Swiss Cheese Plant is a fast-growing plant that will transform before your eyes due to their unique leaf fenestrations. In a 10-inch pot Care Tips: Light: Low to Medium Lighting, but will grow fenestrations quicker in brighter areas. Watering: Water when soil is dry. Propagation: Cuttings- be
Swiss Cheese PlantMonstera deliciosa A favorite of our generation, his weirdly-perforated shape and waxy dark green leaves breathe life into any stale space. He was an early adopter of Instagram and quickly gained traction as a houseplant favorite by creating his own hashtag #monsteramondays. Medium to bright, indirect
Genomic and transcriptomic data on kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) in public databases are very limited despite its nutritional and economic value. Previously, we have constructed and sequenced nine fruit RNA-Seq libraries of A. chinensis
Ingredientes/ Ingredients: Aqua (Demineralised), Fortunella Margarita Fruit (Kumquat) Extract & Actinidia Chinensis Fruit (Kiwi) Extract & Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Fruit Extract, Biosaccharide Gum-1, Glycerine & Ziziphus Jeazeiro Bark Extract, Grape Juice & Grain Dextrins, Sapindus Trifoliatus Fruit Extract , Sclerotium Gum, Melia Azadirachta Linn (Neem) Seed Oil, Glucose & Glucose Oxidase & Lactoperoxidase, Lonicera Caprifolium (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract, Pisum Sativum (Pea) Protein Extract, Oligo-elements Co/Cu/Mn/Mg/Zn, Candida Bombiola Extract & Glucose & Methyl Rapeseed Ferment, Podocarpus Totara, Fragrance, Xanthan Gum, Rhizobian Gum, Carapa Guaianensis Oil, Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Gluten Extract, Tocopherol (mixed) & Beta-Sitosterol & Squalene (Sunflower), Galactaric Acid, Corallina Officinalis Alba (White Coral) Extract, Margaritifera (Mother Of Pearl Extract) Powder, Phytic Acid, Saccharide Isomerate, Ubiquinone, Dimethylmethoxy Chromanol ...
Water (Aqua), Fortunella Margarita (Kumquat) Fruit Extract, Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Extract, Melia Azadirachia (Neem) Fruit Extract, Coco-Glucoside, Papain, Bromelain, Maltodextrin, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil, Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Peel Oil, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Dehydroacetic Acid, Benzyl Alcohol, Potassium Sorbate, Citric Acid.. ...
Discussion In TCM, the principle of combining herbs for a Chinese herbal formula is monarch, minister, assistant Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries and guide. The monarch herb are the vital ingredient from the formula to target the pri mary induce or syndrome. Minister herb are utilised to power the result of the Monarch herb or address the secondary syndromes. Assistant herb are utilized to reinforce the curative effect of the Monarch or Minis ter herb, or allay the drastic and toxic impact with the Monarch or Minister herb. Even though the Manual herb are applied to harmonize and integrate the effects of other herbs, or direct the formula to act within the target meridian or even the offending part of physique. Even so, Guidebook herb arent indispensable for any formula, based upon the particular problems, Manual herb may be applied or not used in the formula.. In accordance for the TCM theories, Actinidia chinensis, So lanum nigrum and Duchesnea dasatinib IC50 indica are made use of to against ...
On November 21, 2014, President Xi Jinping, together with Prime Minister John Key of New Zealand, unveiled the plate of China-New Zealand Kiwifruit Joint Lab during his state visit to New Zealand. This achievement was included in the list of deliverables during President Xi s state visit.. The lab, supported by China s Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) and Department of Science and Technology of Sichuan, is an international scientific cooperation platform co-established by Sichuan Province Natural Resources Science Academy and the Royal New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research under the bilateral inter-governmental S&T cooperation framework. It aims to increase farmers income and boost scientific and economic development between the two countries by strengthening cooperation in kiwifruit scientific research and commercialization. The main tasks of the laboratory include: the collection and conservation of kiwifruit germplasm and its innovation and evaluation, kiwifruit molecular ...
Rating valuations of gold kiwifruit properties now include both the added value of the licence to grow the vines and the planted vines.
The aim of this study was to develop a rapid, sensitive and reliable field-based assay for detection of the quarantine pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of the most destructive and economically important bacterial disease of kiwifruit. A comparative genomic approach was used on the publicly available P. syringae pv. actinidiae genomic data to select unique target regions for the development of two loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays able to detect P. syringae pv. actinidiae and to discriminate strains belonging to the highly virulent and globally spreading P. syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3. Both LAMP assays showed specificity in accordance to their target and were able to detect reliably 125 CFU per reaction in less than 30 min. The developed assays were able to detect the presence of P. syringae pv. actinidiae in symptomatic as well as in asymptomatic naturally infected kiwifruit material, thus increasing the potential of the LAMP assays for ...
Order the Fake Philodendron Monstera Deliciosa leaf UMBERTO, green, 22/55cm in artplants online shop. The specialist for high-quality artificial plants.
Apieu Glycolic Acid Cream ingredients explained: Betula Platyphylla Japonica Juice, Water, Propanediol, Tromethamine, Glycolic Acid, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glycereth-26, Niacinamide, Glycerin, Cyclopentasiloxane, Beeswax, 1,2-Hexanediol, Dimethicone, Polysorbate 60, Cyclohexasiloxane, Glyceryl Stearate, Salicylic Acid, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract, Pantolactone, Lactobacillus/Pumpkin Ferment Extract, Arnica Montana (Arnica) Flower Extract, Alchemilla Vulgaris (LadyS Mantle) Extract, Ananas Sativus (Pineapple) Fruit Extract, Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Extract, Gaultheria Procumbens (Wintergreen) Leaf Extract, Artemisia Princeps Leaf Extract, Panthenol, Butylene Glycol, PEG-240/Hdi Copolymer Bis-Decyltetradeceth-20 Ether, Sorbitan Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Hydroxyacetophenone, PEG-2M, Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Sucrose Distearate, Isohexadecane, Allantoin, Xanthan Gum, Adenosine, Polysorbate 80, Sorbitan Oleate, Disodium EDTA
INGREDIENTS. Aqua/Water/Eau, Butylene Glycol, Glycerin, PEG/PPG-17/6 Copolymer, Betaine, Triethanolamine, Carbomer, Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Fruit Extract, Allantoin, Panthenol, PEG-60 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Leaf Extract, Chondrus Crispus Powder, Disodium EDTA, Hydrolyzed Collagen, Adenosine, Tocopheryl Acetate, Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Extract, Biosaccharide Gum-1, Ethylhexylglycerin, Sodium Hyaluronate, Methylparaben, Phenoxyethanol, Propylparaben, Parfum/Fragrance.. ...
AQUA/WATER, CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE, CETEARYL ALCOHOL, TITANIUM DIOXIDE, ALUMINA, GLYCERIN, ETHYLHEXYL COCOATE, GLYCINE SOJA (SOYBEAN) OIL, STEARIC ACID, CETEARETH-20, BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII (SHEA) BUTTER, PROPANEDIOL, SALVIA SCLAREA CLARY EXTRACT, PROPYLENE GLYCOL, RUBUS IDAEUS (RASPBERRY) FRUIT EXTRACT, FRAGARIA VESCA (STRAWBERRY) FRUIT EXTRACT, ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS (KIWI) FRUIT EXTRACT, PYRUS MALUS (APPLE) FRUIT EXTRACT, PRUNUS PERSICA (PEACH) FRUIT EXTRACT, CARICA PAPAYA (PAPAYA) FRUIT EXTRACT, CUCUMIS SATIVUS (CUCUMBER) FRUIT EXTRACT, PANTHENOL, SODIUM HYALURONATE, LAVANDULA STOECHAS EXTRACT, XANTAN GUM, GOLD, SYNTHETIC FLUORPHLOGOPITE, IRON OXIDE, PHENOXYETHANOL, CAPRYLYL GLYCOL, CHLORPHENESIN, PARFUM, BENZYL SALICYLATE, LINALOOL, LIMONENE, COUMARIN, ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE. APPLY WITH PROVIDED SPATULA Due to the preservation of the product, it is recommended to use a sterile spatula pad each time ...
View more ,Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae is the major cause of bacterial canker and is a severe threat to kiwifruit production worldwide. Many aspects of the disease caused by P. syringae pv. actinidiae, such as the pathogenicity-relevant formation of a biofilm composed of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs), are still unknown. Here, a highly virulent strain of P. syringae pv. actinidiae, NZ V-13, was studied with respect to biofilm formation and architecture using a flow cell system combined with confocal laser scanning microscopy. The biofilm formed by P. syringae pv. actinidiae NZ V-13 was heterogeneous, consisting of a thin cellular base layer 5 μm thick and microcolonies with irregular structures. The major component of the EPSs produced by P. syringae pv. actinidiae NZ V-13 bacteria was isolated and identified to be an exopolysaccharide. Extensive compositional and structural analysis showed that rhamnose, fucose, and glucose were the major constituents, present at a ratio of ...
Although there are several thousand publications on the proteinases of pineapple, papaya and kiwifruit dating back many decades, controversy remains over which fruit delivers the greatest proteinase activity against common dietary proteins. This is because of the variable experimental conditions used: pH, substrate, enzyme purity and enzyme quality. Therefore the proteinase activities of fresh green and gold kiwifruit, pineapple and papaya, sometimes marketed as dietary proteinase supplements, were directly compared for their proteinase activities against bovine -casein, bovine serum albumin, chicken ovalbumin and soy protein across a pH range from pH 2 to pH 9. Proteinase activity was assessed using proteins labelled with the fluorescent dye bodipy-FL and by quantification of unlabelled protein digestion by SDS-PAGE. Bodipy-casein performed well as a substrate giving signal: noise ratios of 20:1. Bodipy-ovalbumin and bodipy-soy performed poorly as substrates. SDS-PAGE showed that bovine serum
The phyllosphere is known for hosting a great diversity of fungi, yeasts and bacteria. These microorganisms interact with each other and with the host plant in the form of symbiosis, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, competition or simply neutralism.|em| Pseudomonas syringae|/em| is a ubiquitous epiphytic bacterium commonly found in these microbial communities. The phylogeny complex of |em|P. syringae|/em| comprises 13 phylogroups, containing strains that are well-known pathogens and strains that apparently have limited capacity as pathogens. Emblematic among the pathogens are |em|P. syringae|/em| pv.|em| syringae|/em| (Pss) and |em|P. syringae|/em| pv. |em|actinidiae|/em| (Psa) belonging respectively to phylogroups 2 and 1. Bacterial blights of fruit trees caused by |em|P. syringae|/em| lead to significant economic losses worldwide. With the expansion of bacterial blight of kiwifruit caused by P. syringae pv. actinidiae and bacterial blight of apricot caused by |em|P. syringae|/em| pv. |em|syringae|
Artemisia eriantha Ten., also known as Apennines genepì, is a valuable aromatic plant with several medicinal properties. Among the several phytoplasma symptoms to which this plant can be subjected, the fasciation is one of the less reported and studied. In natural environments this plant is a characteristic species of the association Artemisietum erianthae Brullo 1984. In this study, the first occurrence of fasciation in Artemisia eriantha is described. This phenomenon was observed during the ex vitro experimental cultivations, located in Assergi and Barisciano (LAquila, Italy), settled for the restocking of this endangered species. The fasciation occurred only in Assergi experimental field with a magnitude of 0.12%. Specific PCR analysis did not show the phytoplasma presence. This fist report allows to expand knowledge about fasciation in Apennines genepì.
Article Discussion on Steven Hayward is the inaugural visiting scholar of conservative thought at the University of Colorado at Boulder. (Disclosure: I was on the selection committee that chose him.) It was predictable that hed be a target of criticism from certain quarters. The knee-jerk reaction and overwrought expressions of outrage to his comments about gender identity are a valuable lesson in just how much a p... Post your comments on the Denver Post article, Rosen: CUs Steven Hayward vs. the gender-identity alphabet (click that link to go back and read the article). Rosen: CUs Steven Hayward vs. the gender-identity alphabet - Article Comments - View topic: Denver Post Community News, Sports, and Photos
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Green lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) are voracious predators of aphids and other small, soft-bodied insects and mites. Earlier, we identified (1R,2S,5R,8R)-iridodial from wild males of the goldeneyed lacewing, Chrysopa oculata Say, which is released from thousands of microscopic dermal glands on the abdominal sterna. Iridodial-baited traps attract C. oculata and other Chrysopa spp. males into traps, while females come to the vicinity of, but do not usually enter traps. Despite their healthy appearance and normal fertility, laboratory-reared C. oculata males do not produce iridodial. Surprisingly, goldeneyed lacewing males caught alive in iridodial-baited traps attempt to eat the lure and, in Asia, males of other Chrysopa species reportedly eat the native plant, Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim. (Actinidiaceae) to obtain the monoterpenoid, neomatatabiol. These observations suggest that Chrysopa males must sequester exogenous natural iridoids in order to produce iridodial; we investigated
In the last decade, the worldwide production of kiwi fruit has been highly affected by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), a phytopathogenic bacterium; this has led to severe economic losses that are seriously affecting the kiwi fruit trade. The available treatments for this disease are still scarce, with th
A used oil boom part is disposed of in Louisiana. (Reuters). BP has challenged widespread scientific claims that vast plumes of oil are spreading underwater from its blown-out rig in the Gulf of Mexico. The denial comes as the oil giant prepares for a new operation to put an end to the worst oil spill in US history - which could see the leak get worse before it gets better.. The companys challenge to several scientific studies is likely to put it further at odds with an increasingly angry Obama administration, which has accused it of playing down the size of the leak in an effort to limit possible fines.. BPs chief executive, Tony Hayward, said it had no evidence of underwater oil clouds. The oil is on the surface, he said. Oil has a specific gravity thats about half that of water. It wants to get to the surface because of the difference in specific gravity.. Haywards assertion flies in the face of studies by scientists at universities in Florida, Georgia and Mississippi, among other ...
Haywards Sweet Pickled Onions come in a handy screw top jar which contains numerous bite-sized sweet onions. Stored in vinegar and with a tangy sweet flavour, these are a great snack or side dish when having a light lunch. Best stored in the fridge, this sizeable jar of Haywards Sweet Pickled Onions should keep you goi
Charles Hayward and the New York Racing Association remind me of a golfer that is said to be scrambling - succeeding in achieving par despite visiting any sand trap or other hazard in sight. Despite repeated setbacks including a brush with bankruptcy, the scrappy CEO charged into this weeks hearings by the Committee on the Future of Racing and showed that NYRA intends to be a key player in the franchise battle. Hayward has been playing his cards expertly, seeming to at times hold the upper hand in last months deadline negotiations on the bailout package, despite his coffers being nearly empty, and with NYRA at the mercy of the state in the matter of the casino construction. Even now, NYRA refuses to back down on what land is being sold and on the issue of an increase in the takeout, insisting that it must be tied to a players rewards program ...
Photo: himitsuhakai Sick of eating oranges everyday to get your male fertility boost of Vitamin C? Kiwifruit is a great source of vitamin C. Vitamin C protects sperm from oxidative damage. It will help to increase the quality of sperm in smokers and rescues sperm agglutination (when they clump together). Paired with an
A Acerola (Malpighia emarginata): A Caribbean berry that is one of the worlds richest natural sources of vitamin C; helps brighten uneven skin tone.Actinidia c
Pages in category Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2016 The following 157 pages are in this category, out of 157 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). 0-9 50th Education Squadron 50th Space Wing 452d Flight Test Squadron 474th Tactical Fighter Wing 2005 League of Ireland Premier Division 2005 Shelbourne F.C. seasonA Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab Ablation Actinidia faveolata Adrienne de La Fayette Ahmad ibn Fadlan Albaud of Toul Ethan Allen (armsmaker) Alois Hába Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railway American Jewish Committee Amon of Toul Ancient borough Anna Leopoldovna Artificial intelligence Ashover Light Railway Atlantic City Railroad Auspicius of Toul Axminster railway stationB Bamunka Barakah Bavarian EP 1 Beyhan Sultan (daughter of Selim I) Bone fracture Phyllis BottomeC Cause célèbre Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu Child Behavior Checklist Chort Concepts of magic per society Coup of 1756 Croatian War of Independence ...
a) Osmotic pressure b) Root pressure. soil moisture stress, as external factors, played dominant roles in the regulation of guttation. C) preceding evening was hot, windy, and dry. (c) False. Guttation or bleeding and root pressure are now considered to be merely different aspects of the same phenomenon. (ii) Guttation : When root pressure is â ¦ What is responsible for guttation? Guttation is caused by root pressure. Guttation: Loss of water in the form of liquid from the uninjured margins of the leaves is called guttation. C) preceding evening was hot, windy, and dry. The sugars and the salts that are present in the roots are responsible for drawing water from the soil. However, it helps in re-establishing the â ¦ The process of root pressure forcing water out of the leaves is termed guttation and only occurs when stomata are closed and when water is readily available to the root â ¦ ... root pressure causes guttation or exudation of drops of xylem sap from the tips or edges of leaves. ...
Constipation is a common problem affecting up to 20% of the Worlds population. Laxative treatment for this condition is not without side effects and currently, there is a need for natural and safe alternatives. The consumption of Kiwifruit is frequently used to treat constipation and digestive discomfort in New Zealand. Clinical trials in this area are limited but some have shown significant improvements in digestive health (stool frequency, reduced constipation and well being) in both healthy and constipated individuals as well as those suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. This study aims to examine the effect of daily consumption of two green kiwifruit in healthy individuals and in individuals with functional constipation and IBS as part of their everyday lifestyle to determine if the product is effective at improving bowel regularity, digestive discomfort, digestive health and function and gut health. It will compare the efficacy of kiwifruit with psyllium (mucilage), a bowel bulking ...
The kinnow is a high yield mandarin hybrid cultivated extensively in the wider Punjab region of Pakistan and India .. It is a hybrid of two citrus cultivars - King (Citrus nobilis) × Willow Leaf (Citrus × deliciosa) - first developed by Howard B. Frost,at the University of California Citrus Experiment Station. After evaluation, the kinnow was released as a new citrus hybrid for commercial cultivation in 1935.. In a hot climate, plants can grow up to 35 feet high. Kinnow trees are highly productive; it is not uncommon to find 1000 fruits per tree.. The fruit matures in January or February. It peels easily and has a high juice content.. The high seed content in this variety is a major hindrance in out-of-hand eating. University of California, Riverside, USA developed low seeded Kinnow and released it under the name Kinnow LS in the year 2011. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India also developed low seeded Kinnow through mutation breeding and recommended it under the name ...
A 120cm moss pole to help support your plants as they grow taller! Often seen supporting Monstera Deliciosa, where the aerial roots begin to root into the pole if sprayed regularly with water.
Last week I had the extreme pleasure of attending Kelley Moores Workshop And Were Live , a branding and video workshop (more on that later) in Napa, California. We were hosted at Ceja Vineyards where Amelia Ceja and her daughter, Dalia kept the wine flowing and treated us royally to the most wonderful authentic Mexican cuisine.. Our first day, Amelia made us the classic Mexican breakfast or brunch dish, Chilaquiles. Made with homemade salsa, tortilla chips, eggs and topped with cheese and Creme Fraiche, Chilequilas it is a very popular dish in Mexico putting salsa and tortilla leftovers to good use. It is also believed to help cure a hangover due to the chemical release of the chiles which contain capsaicin, a pain reliever. It is one dish you will want to put in you cookbook file no matter what the reason! Deliciosa!. The wines served from the Ceja Vineyards at brunch were exceptional. Thirty-one years ago, Amelia and Pedro Ceja and Pedros brother Armando and his wife, Martha built their ...
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Descubre cómo hacer una tarta de zanahoria saludable con una crema de coco deliciosa. Es vegana y no contiene azúcares y harinas refinadas.
Osmotic pressure is maximum in noon. NCERT DC Pandey Sunil Batra HC Verma Pradeep Errorless. Biology. The effects of root pressure can be seen only during nights and in the early morning as the rate of evaporation is very low. The transpiration pull is explained by the Cohesion-Adhesion Theory, with the water potential gradient between the leaves and the atmosphere providing the driving force for water movement. However at 200 lbs N the full season hybrid produced more roots, took up more N … Books. Root pressure can transport water and dissolved mineral nutrients from roots through the xylem to the tops of relatively short plants when transpiration is low or zero. Relevance. … Maths. Root pressure is maximum when: [A]. The pressure of water created by plants root cells to upward direction ( which is lifted upward to the shoot ) is called as root pressure and there is another … 1. Maximum axial root growth pressure as a function of root diameter in seven crop species. Maximum root ...
Boston Celtics forward Gordon Hayward suffered a gruesome injury less than six minutes into his first game of the season, likely ending his first campaign
WARNING: VIDEO CONTAINS GRAPHIC CONTENT. Gordon Hayward suffered severely broken ankle just over five minutes into his first game with the Bosto
Other articles where National Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame is discussed: Hayward: The National Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame, which maintains records of the largest freshwater fish caught in the world, exhibits hundreds of fishing artifacts as well as a four-and-a-half-story fibreglass likeness of a muskellunge (musky; a type of pike), complete with an observation deck in…
Earlier this year, employees from Haywards Heath-based business, Harlands Group helped plan stalls and entertainment for a family fun day to raise money for the bereavement support charity Oscars Wish Foundation which supports families who have lost a baby through a number of circumstances.. The event boasted a host of family-friendly events including a yucky dip where guests paid to place their hand in boxes to guess the contents. There were also old favourites such as a guess how many sweets are in the jar competition, face painting, as well as a BBQ and a bar.. Oscars Wish Foundation (OWF) was founded by Sussex mum, Gemma Kybert three years-ago to support parents and families after the stillbirth of little Oscar. OWF is staffed by the bereaved parents and family members, and offers resources, support and information to those who have experienced the loss of a baby before, during or shortly after birth.. Gemma, said: I sat on the hospital floor after giving birth, cradling the most ...
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Gordon Hayward knows something about recovering from a brutal injury, and offered Caris LeVert any support he needed after he suffered a dislocated foot and ankle on Monday night.
I have an older H100 model Above Ground Pool Hayward Heater. It has just started making a loud, explosive bang with ignition. You can see the flash inside the cabinet. I have shut it all down and turned off the gas. I am trying to figure out where to start troubleshooting and what to replace first. What is the most likely cause of this kind of explosive ignition ...
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In school age children, kiwi fruit causes about 10% of all the food allergic reactions. Kiwi is indeed a tasty fruit and has several health benefits, but also causes an allergic reaction. I like to eat the skin of kiwi with meat paste for brefix. Even after administering adrenaline injection, it is always advisable to visit the hospital for a complete follow-up and to monitor the emergence of any secondary reaction. These include the following: Kiwi allergy can also cause symptoms related to respiratory system and digestive system. Surprising is the fact that acting as an allergen, kiwi helps to transfer allergies to plants easier. That is, some allergic substances completely overlap the effects of others. I AM ALLERY TO MANGO. Read More. As a response to the attack, antibodies are produced in large numbers. One must consult ones physician in case one reacts to Kiwi fruit. Collins recommends that anytime someone suspects an allergyâ ¦ Do you know why? Kiwi allergy can be quite complicated in ...
Bacterial canker is a disease of the stems and leaves of Prunus, especially plums and cherries, but also apricots, peaches and ornamental Prunus species. It causes sunken patches of dead bark and small holes in leaves, called shothole.
Police are searching for missing nursing student Michelle Le who disappeared while on a break from making clinical rounds at a hospital in Hayward, Calif., May 27. The 26-year-old Samuel Merrit University students car was found a few blocks from the Kaiser Permanente Hayward Medical Center May 28, according to the Hayward Police Department.
Northwest Berry & Grape Information Network - Oregon State University | University of Idaho | Washington State University | USDA-ARS
1. Coarsely chop 6 pineapple rings. Place in large bowl. Add sweetened condensed milk, lime rind and juice.. 2. Divide pineapple mixture into 12 mini-tart shells. Cover; chill 2 hours.. 3. To serve, cut remaining pineapple slices into thirds. Peel kiwifruit. Slice in half lengthwise; then cut each half crosswise into 6 slices. Garnish each tart with pineapple, kiwifruit and grapefruit. Garnish with fresh mint if desired. Makes 12 tartlets. ...
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Kiwi II - buy this Royalty Free Stock Photo on Fruit Nutrition Delicious Kiwifruit Vitamin Juicy Fruit flesh Kernels & Pits & Stones Reflection Glittering Half.
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Kiwis have been shown to benefit respiratory health. A study conducted in Italy on children confirmed that the more kiwis the children ate, the less likely the were to have respiratory related health problems such as coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath.. Kiwifruit offers us antioxidant and free radical protection, as well. Scientists believe that phytonutrients in kiwi are responsible for the DNA protecting properties it exhibits against oxygen damage. And the large amounts of antioxidants- including water soluble C and fat soluble E- protect our bodies from free radicals, obesity, cancer, heart disease, and more.. Also, kiwi is a very good source of fiber. Fiber is helpful for many things, including controlling blood sugar levels, reducing cholesterol, ushering toxins out of the system, preventing colon cancer, and reducing heart disease.. ...
Smart breeding "Actinidia chinensis". Taxonomy Browser. NCBI. "Actinidia deliciosa". Taxonomy Browser. NCBI. Mapp, Wayne (1 ... It was probably most recognised for its plant breeding of various kiwifruit varieties, including new cultivars of Actinidia ( ...
Actinidia deliciosa. 63[134] perilla. shiso. Perilla frutescens. 61 chia. chia sage. Salvia hispanica. 58 ...
actinidiae attacks kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa. P. s. pv. aesculi attacks horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum, causing ...
Actinidia), dogwood (Cornus spp.), and several specimens of Metasequoia glyptostroboides; and the Johann Georg Gmelin Siberian ...
Actinidia arguta; family Actinidiaceae) Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus); family Moraceae) Kiwifruit or Chinese gooseberry ... Actinidia spp.; Actinidiaceae) Lanzones (Lansium domesticum; family Meliaceae) Lapsi (Choerospondias axillaris Roxb. ...
Ferguson, AR (1999). "New Temperate Fruits: Actinidia chinensis and Actinidia deliciosa; In: Perspectives on new crops and new ... Actinidia chinensis (golden kiwifruit) has a smooth, bronze skin, with a beak shape at the stem attachment. Flesh colour varies ... The genus Actinidia comprises around 60 species. Their fruits are quite variable, although most are easily recognised as ... The most common cultivar group of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward') is oval, about the size of a large hen's egg: 5-8 ...
The larvae feed on Actinidia species. "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the ...
Actinidia kolomikta and Ribes speciosum. The evergreen area has Polyanthus and lily flowered tulips. Wild fox in the Granton ...
"Genomic predictions in diploid Actinidia chinensis (kiwifruit)". European Journal of Horticultural Science. 84 (4): 213-217. ...
He, Zi-Can; Li, Jian-Qiang; Cai, Qing; Wang, Qing (2005). "The cytology of Actinidia, Saurauia, and Clematoclethra( ... the Actinidia and the Saurauia, are not well understood. The floral characteristics of the Clematoclethra are similar to the ... "Phylogenetic relationships of Actinidia and related genera based on micromorphological characters of foliar trichomes". Genetic ...
Family: Actinidiaceae, Genus Actinidia: Actinidia deliciosa (A.Chev.) C.F.Liang & A.R.Ferguson, not indigenous, naturalised, ...
The fruit is usually a berry, such as the edible kiwifruit, a cultivar from the genus Actinidia. Before genetic evidence ... They are temperate and subtropical woody vines, shrubs, and trees, native to Asia (Actinidia or kiwifruit, Clematoclethra, and ... The plants are usually small trees or shrubs, or sometimes vines (Actinidia). The alternate, simple, spiral leaves have ... He, Zi-Can; Li, Jian-Qiang; Cai, Qing; Wang, Qing (2005). "The cytology of Actinidia, Saurauia, and Clematoclethra( ...
He, Zi-Can; Li, Jian-Qiang; Cai, Qing; Wang, Qing (2005). "The cytology of Actinidia, Saurauia, and Clematoclethra( ... Actinidia and Clematoclethra, are not well understood. It is also the only extant genus within its family whose natural ... "Phylogenetic relationships of Actinidia and related genera based on micromorphological characters of foliar trichomes". Genetic ... floral differences between Saurauia and the other members are that the species of Saurauia have 3-5 carpels while Actinidia has ...
Bol, Sebastiaan (16 March 2017). "Responsiveness of cats (Felidae) to silver vine (Actinidia polygama), Tatarian honeysuckle ( ... Actinidia polygama), or matatabi, popular in Asia; and Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica) wood. Many cats that do not ...
Bartley, J. P.; Schwede, A. M. (1989). "Production of volatile compounds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis)". Journal ...
"Sex segregation ratio and gender expression in the genus Actinidia". Sexual Plant Reproduction. 8. doi:10.1007/BF00242255. ...
DNA sequencing has shown it to be synonymous with Actinidia virus X, infecting kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.) and blackcurrants ( ... "Taxonomy browser (Actinidia virus X)". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2020-11-13. v t e v t e. ... "Sequence analysis of 43-year old samples of Plantago lanceolata show that Plantain virus X is synonymous with Actinidia virus X ...
Ferguson, A.R. (2004) 1904- the year that kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) came to New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and ... Ferguson, A. R. (1 March 2004). "1904-the year that kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) came to New Zealand". New Zealand Journal ... "ACTINIDIA IN CHINA: NATURAL DIVERSITY, PHYLOGEOGRAPHICAL EVOLUTION, INTERSPECIFIC GENE FLOW AND KIWIFRUIT CULTIVAR IMPROVEMENT ... Huang, H.-W. and Ferguson, A.R. (2007). Actinidia IN China: Natural diversity, phylogeographical evolution, interspecific gene ...
Actinidia chinensis, Punica granatum, etc.). Lobesia botrana normally has two - three generations in Europe. Larvae develop in ...
... is also found in a variety of plants including Actinidia polygama. Cat pheromone#Cat attractants for other ...
Actinidia deliciosa), persimmon (genus Diospyros), blueberry, huckleberry, cranberry, Brazil nut, and Mamey sapote. The order ...
In Woraksan Mountain, there are Actinidia arguta, Thymus quinquecostatus, Rubus coreanus and others. In Mt.Songnisan, there are ...
Hirsch, Anne-Marie; Longeon, Arlette; Guyot, Michèle (2002). "Fraxin and esculin: two coumarins specific to Actinidia chinensis ...
Actinidia chinensis- Hierarchy- The Taxonomicon Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine IPNI. Planch. World Cat Identities ... He is credited with publishing over 2000 botanical names, including Actinidia chinensis, better known as the "golden kiwifruit ...
"Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China". J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 7 (9): 708-12. doi ...
Plant foods known to be eaten by Siberian weasels include pine nuts and Actinidia fruits. They typically eat about 100-120 gm ...
It has been identified in Actinidia polygama (the silver vine) as a major cat attractant. Geu-Flores, Fernando; Sherden, ...
The Department of Conservation, responsible for protecting public land, classify Actinidia deliciosa as an environmental weed. ...
It is considered a minor pest on some species, such as Actinidia sinensis, Mangifera and Sorghum. www.jpmoths.org v t e. ...
Insect galls are the highly distinctive plant structures formed by some herbivorous insects as their own microhabitats. They are plant tissue which is controlled by the insect. Galls act as both the habitat and food source for the maker of the gall. The interior of a gall can contain edible nutritious starch and other tissues. Some galls act as "physiologic sinks", concentrating resources in the gall from the surrounding plant parts.[3] Galls may also provide the insect with physical protection from predators.[4][5]. Insect galls are usually induced by chemicals injected by the larvae or the adults of the insects into the plants, and possibly mechanical damage. After the galls are formed, the larvae develop inside until fully grown, when they leave. In order to form galls, the insects must take advantage of the time when plant cell division occurs quickly: the growing season, usually spring in temperate climates, but which is extended in the tropics. The meristems, where plant cell division ...
a b c d e Purdue University:Kiwifruit(Actinidia deliciosa) *^ "Kiwifruit vine disease by MAF Biosecurity New Zealand". Archived ... Actinidia deliciosa var. deliciosa. Zhong hua (Chinese gooseberry), jing li (northern pear gooseberry), ruan zao (soft date ... Actinidia deliciosa, the fuzzy kiwifruit, is a fruiting vine native to southern China, the fruit of which has been declared the ... Other species of Actinidia are also found in China and range east to Japan and north into southern areas of Russian Far East. ...
subconcolor Actinidia melliana Actinidia obovata †Actinidia oregonensis Actinidia persicina Actinidia pilosula Actinidia ... polyodonta Actinidia holotricha Actinidia hubeiensis Actinidia indochinensis Actinidia kolomikta Actinidia laevissima Actinidia ... coriacea Actinidia rubus Actinidia rudis Actinidia rufa Actinidia rufotricha A. rufotricha var. glomerata Actinidia sabiaefolia ... robusta Actinidia globosa Actinidia gracilis Actinidia grandiflora Actinidia hemsleyana A. hemsleyana var. kengiana Actinidia ...
Actinidia callosa includes 3 children:. * Actinidia callosa var. discolor C. F. Liang ... Actinidia callosa is a species of woody plants in the family Actinidiaceae. It is a climber. It has simple, broad leaves. ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Actinidia callosa Lindl.. View this species on GBIF ...
It is one of some 40 related species of the genus Actinidia, and closely related to Actinidia deliciosa, which is the source of ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Ferguson, AR (1999). "New Temperate Fruits: Actinidia chinensis and Actinidia deliciosa ... The origin of Actinidia chinensis is from Hubei or Sichuan, China exported to New Zealand in 1904. In China, Actinidia ... Actinidia chinensis has a smooth, bronze skin, with a beak shape at the stem attachment. Flesh colour varies from bright green ...
Synonym(s): ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS (KIWI) FRUIT JUICE, ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS JUICE; JUICE, ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS; JUICE, KIWI; KIWI ... About ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS FRUIT JUICE: Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Juice is a liquid expressed from the fruit of the kiwi ...
My three year old actinidia vine is leafing profusely, and have magnificent white coloring on the leaves, but so far, I see no ...
Actinidia fortunatii is a deciduous Climber growing to 10 m (32ft 10in). It is frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, ... Actinidia callosa pubescens. Climber. 7.0. - LMH. SN. M. 3. 0. Actinidia chinensis. Kiwi. Climber. 7.5. 6-9 LMH. SN. M. 4. 2. 2 ... Actinidia coriacea. Climber. 8.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. M. 3. 0. Actinidia deliciosa. Kiwi Fruit. Climber. 9.0. 6-9 M. LMH. SN. M. 5. 1 ... Actinidia fortunatii is a deciduous Climber growing to 10 m (32ft 10in). It is frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, ...
Actinidia trichogyna is a deciduous Climber growing to 7 m (23ft). It is frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and ... Actinidia trichogyna is a deciduous Climber growing to 7 m (23ft). It is frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and ...
Actinidia kolomikta. Published online. Accessed Jun. 27 2018.. *The Plant List 2013. Actinidia kolomikta in The Plant List ... Actinidia kolomikta World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Mar. 2018). In: Roskov Y., ... Actinidia kolomikta . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jun. 27. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Actinidia_kolomikta&oldid=3787564" ...
Genus: Actinidia Species: Actinidia chinensis Varietas: A. chinensis var. chinensis - A. chinensis var. jinggangshanensis - A. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Actinidia_chinensis&oldid=3569409" ...
Actinidia arguta synonyms, Actinidia arguta pronunciation, Actinidia arguta translation, English dictionary definition of ... Noun 1. Actinidia arguta - climbing Asiatic vine having long finely serrate leaves and racemes of white flowers followed by ... Liu, "Evaluation of antioxidant and antiproliferative properties of three actinidia (Actinidia kolomikta, Actinidia arguta, ... Actinidia, genus Actinidia - small Asiatic woody vine bearing many-seeded fruit. vine - a plant with a weak stem that derives ...
Actinidia chinensis ,/i,cultivar named KZ02 is disclosed, characterized by a distinctive yellow inner pericarp and a mid ... Propagation: KZ02 can be successfully grafted onto rootstocks of Actinidia deliciosa. *Plant: * *Age of the plant described.- ... 1. A new and distinct cultivar of Actinidia chinensis plant named KZ02 as herein illustrated and described. ... The seed parent is the unpatented, proprietary seedling variety Actinidia chinensis A87. The pollen parent is the unpatented ...
Actinidia kolomikta is a deciduous Climber growing to 10 m (32ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not ... Actinidia callosa pubescens. Climber. 7.0. - LMH. SN. M. 3. 0. Actinidia chinensis. Kiwi. Climber. 7.5. 6-9 LMH. SN. M. 4. 2. 2 ... Actinidia coriacea. Climber. 8.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. M. 3. 0. Actinidia deliciosa. Kiwi Fruit. Climber. 9.0. 6-9 M. LMH. SN. M. 5. 1 ... Actinidia kolomikta is a deciduous Climber growing to 10 m (32ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not ...
Actinidia chinensis L., Actinidia coriacea, Actinidia kolomikta, Actinidia melanandra, Actinidia polygama, Actinidia purpurea, ... Deters, A. M., Schroder, K. R., and Hensel, A. Kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis L.) polysaccharides exert stimulating effects on ... Dermatologic activity: Potential dermatological activity of purified polysaccharides from kiwi fruits (Actinidia chinensis L., ... Actinidia sinensis planch (ASP), Actinidiaceae, actinidin, Chinese egg gooseberry, China gooseberry, Chinese gooseberry, ...
You can grow these treats with little effort with Issai. Actinidia arguta Issai is a self-fertile variety. One plant ... You can grow these treats with little effort with Issai. Actinidia arguta Issai is a self-fertile variety. One plant ...
Actinidia Citrus Colourful Cutouts: 6 assigned downloads, like Exotic fruit in a glass bowl, pineapple, melons, grapes, orange ... Similar tags: actinidia • basket • colored • colorful • coloured • cut-outs • cutout • cutouts • differently • exotic • foods ...
Taxonomy - Actinidia eriantha (Velvet vine) (Actinidia fulvicoma var. lanata) (SPECIES) Basket 0 ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
This Actinidia isnt usually grown for its fruit in the garden but is closely related to A. deliciosa the Kiwi Fruit. ...
Actinidia latifolia (Gardn. et Champ.) Merr. 多花猕猴桃 Description from Flora of China. Climbing shrubs, large, deciduous. ...
Actinidia stellatopilosa C. Y. Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Szechuan. 1976(3): 75. 1976. 星毛猕猴桃 xing mao mi hou tao Climbing ...
2. Actinidia melanandra Franchet, J. Bot. (Morot). 8: 278. 1894. 黑蕊猕猴桃 hei rui mi hou tao Climbing shrubs, mid-sized, deciduous ...
... Yin Lu,1 ... Endophytic fungi from the Chinese medicinal plant Actinidia macrosperma were isolated and identified for the first time. This ...
... Ann Bot. 2013 Oct;112(6):1045-55. doi: 10.1093/aob/ ... Keywords: Actinidia deliciosa; anther; anther culture; calcium; dioecism; flower male fertility flower male sterility; glucose ... Background and aims: Dioecism characterizes many crop species of economic value, including kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). ...
With the recent prohibition on further imports of Actinidia plant material into the country and with the active eradication of ... Actinidia spp.) is rife with misclassifications, misnomers, and mix-ups. To facilitate the systematic improvement and resource- ...
Additionally, 61 of the 69 polymorphic loci could be successfully amplified in at least one other Actinidia species. Of these, ... Additionally, 61 of the 69 polymorphic loci could be successfully amplified in at least one other Actinidia species. Of these, ... Actinidia eriantha Benth. is a diploid perennial woody vine native to China and is recognized as a valuable species for ... Actinidia eriantha Benth. is a diploid perennial woody vine native to China and is recognized as a valuable species for ...
Actinidia deliciosa. Family: Actinidiaceae. Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi Fruit. Origin: China. Kiwifruit is native to southern ... Other species of Actinidia are also found in China and range east to Japan and north into southeastern Siberia. The true ... Actinidia arguta (Hardy Kiwifruit, Kiwi Berry, Arctic Kiwi, Baby Kiwi, Dessert Kiwi, Grape Kiwi, Northern Kiwi) ... Almost all kiwifruit in commerce belong to a few cultivars of Actinidia deliciosa, and those fruit that we find at local ...
Assembly of a second genome of Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis To generate a new Actinidia chinensis genome, a diploid F3 ... Draft genome of the kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis. Nat Commun. 2013;4:2640.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ... Flow cytometric analysis of Actinidia species. N Z J Bot. 1994;32:85-93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The current Actinidia chinensis (kiwifruit) Hongyang draft genome has 164 Mb of sequences unassigned to pseudo-chromosomes, ...
... and native Actinidia spp. in Korea include A. arguta, A. polygama, A. rufa, and A. kolomikta [9]. Actinidia spp. in Korea have ... "Nutritional components of Korean traditional actinidia (Actinidia arguta) sprout and in vitro antioxidant effect," Korean ... Actinidia arguta (A. arguta), which belongs to the family Actinidiaceae, is a high-value food resource, globally 2-5 genera, ... Figure 2: Protective effect of ethyl acetate fraction from Actinidia arguta (EFAA) on ROS production by the H2O2-induced ...
Sugar and organic acid analysis of Actinidia arguta and rootstock-scion combinations of Actinidia arguta, Lebens BOYES S. ... Pigments in the fruit of red-fleshed kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis and Actinidia deliciosa) MONTEFIORI M. ... Most ,I,Actinidia,/I, fruits tested here contained ,I,myo,/I,-inositol as a sugar alcohol component. In particular, ,I,myo,/I,- ... Sugar and Organic Acid Composition in the Fruit Juice of Different Actinidia Varieties * * NISHIYAMA Ichiro ...
  • glaucescens Actinidia chengkouensis Actinidia chinensis A. chinensis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia chinensis has a smooth, bronze skin, with a beak shape at the stem attachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In its native habitat Actinidia chinensis grows in thickets, thick (oak) forests (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The origin of Actinidia chinensis is from Hubei or Sichuan, China exported to New Zealand in 1904. (wikipedia.org)
  • In China, Actinidia chinensis is dispersed in the entire southeast of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Juice is a liquid expressed from the fruit of the kiwi, Actinidiachinensis. (ewg.org)
  • Show all 3 recent products that contain ACTINIDIA CHINENSIS FRUIT JUICE. (ewg.org)
  • Liu, "Evaluation of antioxidant and antiproliferative properties of three actinidia (Actinidia kolomikta, Actinidia arguta , Actinidia chinensis) extracts in Vitro," International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A new and distinct Actinidia chinensis cultivar named 'KZ02' is disclosed, characterized by a distinctive yellow inner pericarp and a mid seasonal harvest time. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 1. A new and distinct cultivar of Actinidia chinensis plant named 'KZ02' as herein illustrated and described. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • A manually annotated Actinidia chinensis var. (springer.com)
  • The current Actinidia chinensis (kiwifruit) 'Hongyang' draft genome has 164 Mb of sequences unassigned to pseudo-chromosomes, and omissions have been identified in the gene models. (springer.com)
  • giraldii , Actinidia chinensis 'Hort 16A', Actinidia chinensis L., Actinidia chinensis var. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • The flavonoid-rich extracts were prepared from fruits of Actinidia macrosperma , Actinidia deliciosa cv Hayward (Green kiwifruit), and Actinidia chinensis cv Hort 16A (Gold kiwifruit) by steeping the lyophilized fruit samples in 70% aqueous acetone, followed by partitioning the crude extracts with hexane. (mdpi.com)
  • Extraction Optimization of Polyphenols from Waste Kiwi Fruit Seeds (Actinidia chinensis Planch. (mdpi.com)
  • Actinidia Chinensis Planch Root Extract Attenuates Proliferation and Metastasis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Inhibiting Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Actinidia Chinensis Planch root (acRoots), a traditional Chinese medicine, functions as an antitumor and det. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A0A2R6S130_ACTCC Squamosa promoter-binding-like protein OS=Actinidia chinensis var. (uniprot.org)
  • The repeat sequence was not found under low stringency hybridization conditions in the diploid A. chinensis, nor was it detected in eight other Actinidia species. (openthesis.org)
  • Owing to the efficacy in specific binding and removal of interference, trace level salicylic acid was quantified (0.2 μg/g of fresh mass) in Actinidia chinensis by high-performance liquid chromatography. (springer.com)
  • Promotion of gold kiwifruit 'Haegeum' (Actinidia chinensis Planch. (ishs.org)
  • Of interest for cultivation in the USSR is the Chinese actinidia ( Actinidia chinensis ), a decorative plant with a large aromatic fruit up to 5 cm long. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2003), a Chinese herbal compound, Weikang Keli (WK), constitutes six ingredients including Root of Codonopsis pilosula, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Rhizoma Curcumae Aeruginosae, Rhizoma Pinelliae, Actinidia chinensis Planch, and Rhodiola rosea, can be used in the therapy against cancer. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinidia chinensis is a deciduous climber growing to 7.5 m. (mnhn.fr)
  • Canhoto, J.M. and Cruz, G.S. (1987) In vitro multiplication of Actinidia chinensis Planch. (blogspot.com)
  • C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson), and 'Hort16A' ( Actinidia chinensis Planch. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Kiwi Fruit Powder, Actinidia Chinensis Extract, Kiwifruit Powder manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Manufacturer Natural Kiwi Fruit 10: 1 Extract Powder, Factory Supply Directly Hot Sale 100% Natural Red Wine Extract, Hot Sale Turtle Shell Extract/Tortoise Shell Extract Powder and so on. (made-in-china.com)
  • Schotsmans, W, MacKay, B & Mawson, A 2008, ' Temperature kinetics of texture changes in actinidia chinensis 'Hortl6A' during storage ', Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology , vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 760-764. (edu.au)
  • The invention relates to the discovery and asexual propagation of a new and distinct variety of kiwifruit, Actinidia chinensis cv. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The new kiwifruit variety 'Hort22D' may be distinguished from presently available Actinidia chinensis cultivars by the following, distinguishing characteristics. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Actinidia deliciosa , the fuzzy kiwifruit , is a fruiting vine native to southern China , the fruit of which has been declared the national fruit of that country. (wikipedia.org)
  • tenuifolia Actinidia cordifolia Actinidia coriacea Actinidia cylindrica A. cylindrica f. obtusifolia[citation needed] Actinidia deliciosa - kiwifruit, mi hou tao or Chinese gooseberry Actinidia eriantha Actinidia farinosa Actinidia fasciculoides A. fasciculoides var. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of some 40 related species of the genus Actinidia, and closely related to Actinidia deliciosa, which is the source of the most common commercial kiwifruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Choid, "Degradation kinetics of phenolic content and antioxidant activity of hardy kiwifruit ( Actinidia arguta ) puree at different storage temperatures," LWT, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hardy kiwifruit ( Actinidia arguta ) has been gaining popularity because of its flavor and high nutritional value. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dioecism characterizes many crop species of economic value, including kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). (nih.gov)
  • GBS-Based Deconvolution of the Surviving North American Collection of Cold-Hardy Kiwifruit (Actinidia spp. (plos.org)
  • Actinidia has also been recognized as a valuable species for commercial kiwifruit improvement. (frontiersin.org)
  • Almost all kiwifruit in commerce belong to a few cultivars of Actinidia deliciosa, and those fruit that we find at local markets is grown in New Zealand. (toptropicals.com)
  • Rupasinghe, H.P.V. Flavonoid-Rich Extract of Actinidia macrosperma (A Wild Kiwifruit) Inhibits Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme In Vitro. (mdpi.com)
  • The Plant & Food Research Actinidia (kiwifruit) germplasm repository contains over 3000 genotypes from circa 350 accessions. (ishs.org)
  • An Investigation on the Propagation of Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa, A. Chev. (scialert.net)
  • Actinidia kolomikta is cultivated in cold temperate regions as an ornamental plant, largely for the striking random variegation in pink and white of some its leaves but also because of the relatively small (2-5 g or 0.07- 0.18 ounces) kiwifruit-like berries it produces. (findmeacure.com)
  • Atkinson, R.G. and Gardner, R.C. (1993) A polygalacturonase gene from kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) Plant Phys . (blogspot.com)
  • Bisiach, M., Minervini, G., and Vercesi, A. (1984) Biological and epidemiological aspects of the kiwifruit (Actinidia chinesis Planchon) rot, caused by Botrytis cinerea Pers. (blogspot.com)
  • By Hannah Baumana and Rachel Powersb a HerbalGram Associate Editor b ABC Dietetics Intern (Texas State, 2017) Overview Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa, Actinidiaceae), also known by the less common name "Chinese gooseberry," is one of 50 known species within the genus Actinidia.1 These species are climbing, woody vines with large, heart-shaped leaves and cream-colored flowers that bloom in the spring. (blogspot.com)
  • In contrast, all cultivated kiwifruit, including commercially important cultivars 'Hayward' ( Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Validation of a Simple Molecular Method for Assessment of Clonal Heterogeneity in Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa A. Chev. (gob.ar)
  • Chromosome-scale genome assembly of kiwifruit Actinidia eriantha with single-molecule sequencing and chromatin interaction mapping. (pacb.com)
  • The 40-60 species of Actinidia include: Actinidia arguta - kokuwa, tara vine or hardy kiwi A. arguta var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kim, "Anti-allergic effects of PG102, a water-soluble extract prepared from Actinidia arguta , in a murine ovalbumin-induced asthma model," Clinical and Experimental Allergy, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinidia arguta radix (Tengligen) is a member of the Actinidiaceae family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hot water extract of Actinidia arguta stem showed inhibitory effect against a-glucosidase enzyme with RAW 264.7 cells activated with lipopolysaccharide (25). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A species of kiwi fruit, Actinidia arguta , has been introduced to Britain by D. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Offer F: Kiwi fruit - actinidia arguta "issai" - this hairless variety doesn't even need peeling! (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinidia arguta 'Issai' is a self-fertile variety. (parkseed.com)
  • The antiamnesic effects of ethyl acetate fraction from Actinidia arguta (EFAA) on trimethyltin- (TMT-) induced memory impairment were investigated to find the possibility of functional food substances. (hindawi.com)
  • Actinidia arguta ( A. arguta ), which belongs to the family Actinidiaceae, is a high-value food resource, globally 2-5 genera, 280-560 species, and native Actinidia spp. (hindawi.com)
  • ex Miquel, Actinidia arguta var. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Part of the ongoing research is focused on searching for antiinflammatory compounds from natural sources, so we investigated the effects of hardy kiwis (Actinidia arguta, Lauraceae) stems on inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in Raw 264.7 cells to test the hypothesis that antiinflammatory effects of A. arguta stems were exerted through the inhibition of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc. (floranordica.org)
  • 10-29), were isolated from the fruits of Actinidia arguta . (usda.gov)
  • Hardy Kiwi ( Actinidia arguta , A. kolomikta ), Chinese Egg Gooseberry ( A. coriacea ), Red Kiwi ( A. melanandra ), Silver Vine ( A. polygama ), Purple Kiwi ( A. purpurea ). (crfg.org)
  • The current study investigated in vitro anti-diabetic and neuroprotective effects of the ethyl acetate fraction in Actinidia arguta sprouts (EFAS), on $H_2O_2$ and high glucose-induced cytotoxicity in human neuroblastoma MC-IXC cells. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Foliary applied abscisic acid increases cold hardiness and carbohydrates in actinidia arguta', Iran Agricultural Research , 11(2), pp. 77-88. (ac.ir)
  • actinidia arguta in pennsylvania, problem or okay? (permies.com)
  • In particular, this genus is known for the species Actinidia deliciosa, one of the most common cultivated kiwifruits, and for the hardy ornamental A. kolomikta. (wikipedia.org)
  • polyodonta Actinidia holotricha Actinidia hubeiensis Actinidia indochinensis Actinidia kolomikta Actinidia laevissima Actinidia lanceolata Actinidia latifolia A. latifolia var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia kolomikta World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Mar. 2018). (wikimedia.org)
  • Actinidia kolomikta in The Plant List Version 1.1. (wikimedia.org)
  • Actinidia kolomikta is native to temperate mixed forests of the Russian Far East, Korea, Japan and China (Eastern Asiatic Region) It grows in coniferous woodlands and hedges in mountains throughout Japan. (findmeacure.com)
  • One report suggests the its Content of vitamin C in berries is 1520mg in 100grams of Actinidia kolomikta fruit. (findmeacure.com)
  • Actinidia kolomikta is an ornamental plant for gardens and a houseplant. (findmeacure.com)
  • Actinidia callosa is a species of woody plants in the family Actinidiaceae . (eol.org)
  • Actinidia deliciosa belongs to Actinidiaceae family, oval globular shaped fleshy fruit filled with black, small edible seeds [ 8 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • People who tasted the fruit thought it had a gooseberry flavour, so began to call it the Chinese gooseberry, but being from the genus Actinidia , it is not related to the gooseberry family, Grossulariaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia /ˌæktɪˈnɪdiə/ is a genus of woody and, with a few exceptions, dioecious plants native to temperate eastern Asia, occurring throughout most of China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan, and extending north to southern areas of Russian Far East and south into Indochina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic relationships between A. deliciosa and three of its closest relatives within the same section of the genus Actinidia were investigated using restriction fragment length polymorphism and the data used to generate a phylogenetic tree depicting this relationship. (openthesis.org)
  • It is the hardiest species in the genus Actinidia, at least down to about ?40 °C (?40 °F) in winter, albeit somewhat susceptible to late spring frosts. (findmeacure.com)
  • Chat, J. and Dumoulin, P.Y. (1997) Flow cytometry and RAPD markers applied to parentage analysis within Actinidia genus. (blogspot.com)
  • Actinidia eriantha (Velvet vine) (Actinidia fulvicoma var. (uniprot.org)
  • subconcolor Actinidia melliana Actinidia obovata †Actinidia oregonensis Actinidia persicina Actinidia pilosula Actinidia polygama - silver vine Actinidia purpurea Actinidia rongshuiensis Actinidia rubricaulis A. rubricaulis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Japan, Actinidia polygama (silver vine) is noted for having an effect on cats much like that of catnip. (wikipedia.org)
  • The silvervine ( Actinidia polygama ) has a large fruit that becomes edible after frosts. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Actinidia sugawarana , similar to Actinidia polygama , is also uncultivated. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • coriacea Actinidia rubus Actinidia rudis Actinidia rufa Actinidia rufotricha A. rufotricha var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia coriacea , Actinidia deliciosa (A.Chev. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Results obtained with one of these sequences suggested that DNA fingerprinting of Actinidia cultivars will be possible, but may require optimization of the hybridization conditions, or the isolation of alternative probes. (openthesis.org)
  • The familiar cultivar Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward' was developed by Hayward Wright in Avondale, New Zealand, around 1924. (wikipedia.org)
  • mollis Actinidia leptophylla Actinidia liangguangensis Actinidia lijiangensis Actinidia linguiensis Actinidia longicarpa Actinidia macrosperma A. macrosperma var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endophytic fungi from the Chinese medicinal plant Actinidia macrosperma were isolated and identified for the first time. (hindawi.com)
  • mumoides Actinidia maloides A. maloides f. cordata[citation needed] Actinidia melanandra A. melanandra var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia fortunatii is a deciduous Climber growing to 10 m (32ft 10in). (pfaf.org)
  • Actinidia trichogyna is a deciduous Climber growing to 7 m (23ft). (pfaf.org)
  • This Actinidia isn't usually grown for its fruit in the garden but is closely related to A. deliciosa the Kiwi Fruit. (dobbies.com)
  • Taravine or hardy kiwi is a different species from the kiwi fruit sold in markets (Actinidia deliciosa), but is attractive to growers in New England because it produces juicy, edible (if small, 2cm) fruits. (newenglandwild.org)
  • Actinidia plants are dioecious, with unisexual (less often bisexual) white, yellow, or reddish flowers and fruit in the form of green or greenish-yellow berries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2017_0198 actinidia contr.Pseudomonas syringae pv. (eagri.cz)
  • orbiculata †Actinidia faveolata Actinidia fortunatii †Actinidia foveolata Actinidia fulvicoma A. fulvicoma var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia fortunatii - Finet. (pfaf.org)
  • purpurea Actinidia arisanensis Actinidia callosa A. callosa var. (wikipedia.org)
  • pachyphylla †Actinidia germanica Actinidia glauco-callosa-callosa Actinidia glaucophylla A. glaucophylla var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia callosa Lindl. (eol.org)
  • Lectotypification of Actinidia latifolia var. (efloras.org)
  • 2. Actinidia melanandra Franchet, J. Bot. (efloras.org)
  • In this work, extract of Persia americana variety 'Hass' and Actinidia deliciosa fruit were selected. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The anatomical investigation of the main vegetative organs of 14 species and varieties in the Actinidia of Henan is under taken in the present paper.The conclusion is as follows:(1)It is possible for the petiolar traces of fruit shoots to trace this progress from arc through circle to circle acompanied by the medullary bundles. (cnki.com.cn)
  • I. V. Michurin produced valuable new varieties of Actinidia -the pineapple actinidia, the Klara Tsetkin, the turnip-shaped actinidia, and others. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • destructor has a rather high reproductive capacity on mango plant as compared to Actinidia in China and has many overlapping generations from July to December in Pakistan each year. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other names were attributed in other kiwi growing countries: 'Chinese gooseberries' in U.S.A., 'Groseille de China' in France, 'Mao-yantao' or 'Mao-ertao' and 'Yang-tao' or 'Yang-taw', with bristly hair and soft hair, respectively, in China, 'Actinidia' the plant and 'Kiwi' the fruit, in Italy. (blogspot.com)
  • For antioxidant activity, different parts of fruit samples of Persia americana were prepared in methanol and in acetone solution while in case of Actinidia deliciosa whole fruit was soaked in methanol and in ethanol solution. (alliedacademies.org)
  • badongensis Actinidia trichogyna Actinidia ulmifolia Actinidia umbelloides A. umbelloides var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actinidia trichogyna - Franch. (pfaf.org)
  • glomerata Actinidia sabiaefolia Actinidia sorbifolia Actinidia stellatopilosa Actinidia styracifolia Actinidia suberifolia Actinidia tetramera A. tetramera var. (wikipedia.org)
  • 47. Actinidia stellatopilosa C. Y. Chang, Acta Sci. (efloras.org)
  • robusta Actinidia globosa Actinidia gracilis Actinidia grandiflora Actinidia hemsleyana A. hemsleyana var. (wikipedia.org)