The lateral extension of the spine of the SCAPULA and the highest point of the SHOULDER.
Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
The gliding joint formed by the outer extremity of the CLAVICLE and the inner margin of the acromion process of the SCAPULA.
Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.
Cellular DNA-binding proteins encoded by the sis gene (GENES, SIS). c-sis proteins make up the B chain of PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH FACTOR. Overexpression of c-sis causes tumorigenesis.
Bony outgrowth usually found around joints and often seen in conditions such as ARTHRITIS.
The spinal or vertebral column.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
The part of the foot between the tarsa and the TOES.
The articulations between the CARPAL BONES and the METACARPAL BONES.
The last bone in the VERTEBRAL COLUMN in tailless primates considered to be a vestigial tail-bone consisting of three to five fused VERTEBRAE.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Educational institutions.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Thick triangular muscle in the SHOULDER whose function is to abduct, flex, and extend the arm. It is a common site of INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Surgical reinnervation of a denervated peripheral target using a healthy donor nerve and/or its proximal stump. The direct connection is usually made to a healthy postlesional distal portion of a non-functioning nerve or implanted directly into denervated muscle or insensitive skin. Nerve sprouts will grow from the transferred nerve into the denervated elements and establish contact between them and the neurons that formerly controlled another area.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
The study of muscles and the movement of the human body. In holistic medicine it is the balance of movement and the interaction of a person's energy systems. Applied kinesiology is the name given by its inventor, Dr. George Goodheart, to the system of applying muscle testing diagnostically and therapeutically to different aspects of health care. (Thorsons Introductory Guide to Kinesiology, 1992, p13)
Medical care provided after the regular practice schedule of the physicians. Usually it is designed to deliver 24-hour-a-day and 365-day-a-year patient care coverage for emergencies, triage, pediatric care, or hospice care.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. The fibers of the musculocutaneous nerve originate in the lower cervical spinal cord (usually C5 to C7), travel via the lateral cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to the upper arm, elbow, and forearm.
A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.
Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.
Medial view of left scapula. Acromional angle shown in red. Acromion Spine of scapula "acromial angle." The American Heritage, ... Acromial angle is a prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. Left ... scapula. Animation. Acromial angle is shown in red. Position of acromial angle (shown in red). Animation. Left scapula. ...
... the scapula has a prominent spine and a stout acromion and metacromion; and the carpal bones and tarsal bones are narrow, but ...
It lies immediately medial to the attachment of the acromion to the lateral angle of the scapular spine. The Suprascapular ... Left scapula. Great scapular notch shown in red. Animation. Great scapular notch shown in red. Suprascapular notch ... Scapula (Left)" v t e Anatomy portal. ...
The spine of the scapula separates the supraspinatus muscle from the infraspinatus muscle, which originates below the spine. ... Three bones shown are acromion (top) and coracoid process (center) of scapula, and humerus (left). Diagram of the human ... The supraspinatus muscle arises from the supraspinous fossa, a shallow depression in the body of the scapula above its spine. ... The supraspinatus muscle tendon passes laterally beneath the cover of the acromion. Research in 1996 showed that the postero- ...
... The deltoid originates on the lateral third of the clavicle, acromion and the crest of the spine of the scapula. It is ... The supraspinatus also originates on the spine of the scapula. It inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus, and assists ... It connects the scapula and the two bones of the lower arm, the radius and ulna, and consists of three sections. The humeral ... At the shoulder, the head of the humerus articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula. More distally, at the elbow, the ...
The front edge of the acromion margin of the scapula is bent or hooked outwards (also in several oviraptorosaurs and more ... Fan-shaped posterior dorsal neural spines (also in compsognathids and some derived avialans); Extensive large pennaceous ...
Reconstructed from a lower and upper fragment, the scapula showed a long and narrow blade, low scapular spine running along the ... Acromion process is not very large. Origin of scapular ligament of triceps muscle on postero-dorsal edge above the glenoid. ... There is no notch on the lower edge of the scapula so the foramen laid entirely inside the precoracoid. Fragments of clavicle ... crest absence of preparietal Nasals meet for a short distance in the midline or separated by a junction Narrow neural spine ...
Most of the shaft of the scapula is missing. The acromion curves about 90 degrees from the shaft axis, making it look vaguely ... A proximal caudal has a very tall neural spine (about twice the height of its centrum, judging by the figure). The base of the ...
... and movement of the spine when the scapulae are stable. Its main function is to stabilize and move the scapula. The upper ... They are inserted into the medial margin of the acromion, and into the superior lip of the posterior border of the spine of the ... The upper and lower fibers tend to rotate the scapula around the sternoclavicular articulation so that the acromion and ... longitudinally from the occipital bone to the lower thoracic vertebrae of the spine and laterally to the spine of the scapula. ...
It extends from the vertebral border of the scapula to the mid-dorsal line. Its origin is from the neural spines of the first ... It originates at the acromion process and inserts at the deltoid ridge. When contracted, it raises and rotates the humerus ... It originates at the spine of the scapula and inserts at the deltoid ridge. Its action is to raise and rotate the humerus ... It covers the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the scapula. Its origin is the neural spines of the cervical vertebrae and its ...
The posterior margin of the scapula was thickened, and formed a secondary incipient spine. The genus Utaetus was first ... as evidenced by the presence of a large acromion on the scapula and a prominent olecranon on the ulna. ...
The scapula (shoulder blade) is sub-rectangular, with a robust blade. Though it is not always perfectly preserved, the acromion ... spine-like plates just before the spikes on the tail. These spine-like plates appear to have been paired, due to the presence ... until the neural spines disappear at caudal 35. Around the middle of the tail, the neural spines become bifurcated, meaning ... Articulated with the scapula, the coracoid is sub-circular. The hind feet each had three short toes, while each fore foot had ...
The scapula had a large rectangular acromion, with a sharp upper corner, on the lower front edge. The more narrow coracoid had ... Additionally the neural spine base is transversely constricted. Ridges extend to the rear from the sides of the neural spine ... The neural spines of the middle cervical vertebrae have a notch at their lower front edge with immediately above it a process ... The neural spines of the rear cervicals and front dorsals are transversely expanded at their upper ends due to rugosities ...
The supraspinous fossa is bounded by the spine of scapula on the inferior side, acromion process on the lateral side and the ... The human scapula Supraspinous fossa shown in red. Supraspinous fossa shown in red. Supraspinatus muscle Scapula Clinically ... Distal attachment of the levator scapulae muscle is also on the medial aspect of the fossa. The suprascapular artery and nerve ... The supraspinous fossa (supraspinatus fossa, supraspinatous fossa) of the posterior aspect of the scapula (the shoulder blade) ...
Distinctively, the scapula (shoulder blade) bore a prominent ridge at its front edge. It also had a comparatively high acromion ... As in other noasaurids, the neural spines of the cervicals were positioned more towards the front end of their vertebrae than ...
... and the levator scapulae was transferred laterally to the spine of the scapula, near the acromion. The procedure was first ... Like the original and modified Eden-Lange procedures, the levator scapulae is transferred to the scapular spine. In the T3 ... The rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, and levator scapulae periscapular muscles are transferred laterally on the scapula to ... In detail, the rhomboid minor is transferred to just medial of the transferred levator scapulae, and the rhomboid major is ...
... a dorsally shifted scapula with prominent acromion and spine, and a humerus featuring a straight shaft and a spherical head. " ... These supporting structures attach to the clavicle, humerus, and scapula, the latter providing the glenoid cavity, acromion and ... "In terms of comparative anatomy the human scapula represents two bones that have become fused together; the (dorsal) scapula ... and the spine of the scapula, and travelling to insert on the deltoid tubercle of the humerus. Contraction of each part of the ...
Spine of the Scapula, Supraglenoid Tubercle, Glenoid Cavity, Acromion Process, Supraspinous Fossa, Infraspinous Fossa, Neck, ... Omotransversarius: originates on the spine of the scapula and inserts on the wing of the atlas. Its function is to advance the ... Trapezius: originates on the supraspinous ligament and inserts on the spine of the scapula. Its function is to elevate and ... Its function is to support the trunk and depress the scapula. It is innervated by the ventral branches of the cervical spinal ...
... acromion, and spine of the scapula; it forms a thin, loose, membranous sheath for the muscles of the arm, and sends septa ...
The scapula is somewhat long and plate-like, with a lateral ridge leading to a strong acromion process. There was no evidence ... A flattened spine is also directed outwards from the middle of the squamosal. A low flattened spine is present on each jugal, ... The elongated supratemporal spines (and the smaller spines at their base) seem to have been present, but only their bases are ... Each quadratojugal also has three more spines: a sharply-pointed spine directed outwards, and two small protuberances directed ...
1. Clavicle, 2. Scapula (with 3. Scapular spine, 4. Coracoid process, 5.Acromion), 6. Humerus; Joints: 7. Acromioclavicular (AC ... Origin on scapula. Attachment on humerus. Function. Innervation Supraspinatus muscle. supraspinous fossa. superior[2] facet of ... The subscapularis muscle origin is divided from the remainder of the rotator cuff origins as it is deep to the scapula. ... They hold the head of the humerus in the small and shallow glenoid fossa of the scapula. The glenohumeral joint has been ...
Furthermore, according to Thewissenet al., the pakicetid scapulae have large supraspinous fossae with small acromions, in ... but still shorter than in some extinct cetaceans with undulating spines.) Motion in the spine of pakicetids was further reduced ...
1) Acromion, (2) scapula, and (3) coracoid Left scapula. Acromion shown in red. Animation. Acromion shown in red. Left scapula ... The acromion is a continuation of the scapular spine, and hooks over anteriorly. It articulates with the clavicle (collar bone ... Acromion is "10" Left scapula. Anterior view. Acromion labeled at top right. Left scapula. Anterior view. Acromion is "2" Left ... pre-acromion, meso-acromion, meta-acromion, and basi-acromion. In most cases, the first three fuse at 15-18 years, whereas the ...
The base of the acromion is formed by an extension from the spine; the two nuclei of the acromion unite, and then join with the ... The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. Otherwise ... Left scapula. Dorsal surface. (Superior border labeled at center top.) Scapula. Medial view. Scapula. Anterior face. Scapula. ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae. Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to refer ...
In the posterior area of the acromion process, the scapula had a small tubercle that attached the area for the muscle ... As indicated by a transitional caudal, the anterior neural spines were elongated and progressively disappeared on posterior ... The scapula was relatively elongated and flattened at the scapular blade. The blade is thickened and slightly curved to the ... The scapulocoracoid was formed by the fusion of the scapula and coracoid. ...
Posterior or spinal fibers arise from the lower lip of the posterior border of the spine of the scapula. They are commonly ... Intermediate or acromial fibers arise from the superior surface of the acromion process of the scapula. They are also commonly ... To stop this compressing against the undersurface of the acromion the humeral head and injuring the supraspinatus tendon, there ...
... with a tall and slender scapula that is expanded distally and constricted near the glenoid. The scapula has continuous acromion ... The cervical neural spines are also unusually thickened and roughly textured at the top. The caudal neural spines are also tall ... The vertebrae all have tall neural spines that run down the back, the tallest of which are over the hip where the spines are ... The pelvic girdle articulates with the spine via the sacral ribs, of which the first is larger and more robust. The nature of ...
... ends in the acromion, which overhangs the shoulder-joint. The spine is triangular, and flattened from above downward, its apex ... spine labeled at center top). Left scapula. lateral view (spine labeled at upper right). Left scapula. Lateral view (spine ... Root of spine is shown in red. Position of root of spine (shown in red.) Animation. Medial view of left scapula. Root of spine ... The root of the spine of the scapula is the most medial part of the scapular spine. The root of the spine is on a level with ...
The scapula had a rectangular acromion, or attachment site for clavicle (collarbone). The humerus (upper arm bone) was very ... The spines may have held up some kind of low crest or sail of skin that was highest over its hips, lower and extending further ... Along the midline of the animal's back ran a low dorsal sail, built from the long neural spines of its vertebrae. Like other ... Suchomimus had significantly extended neural spines-blade-shaped upward extensions on the vertebrae-which were elongated at the ...
Acromion Spine of scapula R.M.H. McMinn "Lasts Anatomy Regional and Applied" Elsevier Australia, 2003. p.129 ISBN 9780729537520 ... The deltoid tubercle of spine of scapula is a prominence on the spine of scapula. The spine, at lateral to the root of the ... Medial view of left scapula. Deltoid tubercle shown in red. Posterior surface of scapula. Deltoid tubercle is not labeled. But ... Left scapula. Animation. Deltoid tubercle is shown in red. Position of deltoid tubercle (shown in red.) Animation. ...
tubercles (infraglenoid, supraglenoid) · spine of scapula · acromion · coracoid process borders (superior, lateral/axillary, ... Scapula. fossae (subscapular, supraspinatous, infraspinatous) · scapular notch · glenoid cavity ...
The base of the acromion is formed by an extension from the spine; the two nuclei of the acromion unite, and then join with the ... The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. Otherwise ... In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas[1]), also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone ... Scapula/ScapulaeEdit. The name scapula as synonym of shoulder blade is of Latin origin.[16] It is commonly used in medical ...
... edu/Patients/Programs-and-Services/Spine-Center/Anatomy-of-the-Spine/Vertebrae-of-the-Spine.aspx Vertebrae of the Spine ... തോൾഭാഗത്ത് അംസഫലകം (scapula), അക്ഷകം (clavicle) എന്നീ അസ്ഥികൾ കാണപ്പെടുന്നു. ഇവ രണ്ടും ചേർത്ത് അംസമേഖല (shoulder girdle) ... അംസകൂട(acromion)വുമായി സന്ധിക്കാനുള്ള സന്ധി-മുഖിക ഇതിൽ കാണപ്പെടുന്നു. അക്ഷകത്തെ പാർശ്വഭാഗത്തായി അംസഫലകവുമായും മധ്യഭാഗത്തായി ... www.spine-health.com/conditions/spine-anatomy/cervical-spine-anatomy-and-neck-pain Cervical Spine Anatomy and Neck Pain ...
the anterior border and upper surface of the lateral third of the clavicle, acromion, spine of the scapula. ... Posterior or spinal fibers arise from the lower lip of the posterior border of the spine of the scapula.[4]*They are commonly ... Lateral or acromial fibers arise from the superior surface of the acromion process of the scapula.[4]*They are commonly called ... Posterior part of deltoid (arises from the lower lip of the posterior border of the spine of the scapula.) ...
The epiphyses, carpal bones, coracoid process, medial border of the scapula, and acromion are still cartilaginous.[28] ... The bones of the spine, pelvis, and some bones of the skull are irregular bones. Examples include the ethmoid and sphenoid ... Palatine process (Incisive foramen, Incisive canals, Foramina of Scarpa, Incisive bone, Anterior nasal spine) ... only the diaphyses of the long bones and scapula are ossified. ... internal surface (Mental spine, Mylohyoid line, Sublingual ...
tubercles (infraglenoid, supraglenoid) · spine of scapula · acromion · coracoid process borders (superior, lateral/axillary, ... Scapula. fossae (subscapular, supraspinatous, infraspinatous) · scapular notch · glenoid cavity ...
spine of scapula(英语:spine of scapula). *acromion(英语:acromion) ...
spine of scapula. *acromion. *coracoid process. *angles (superior, inferior, lateral). Humerus. *upper extremity: necks ( ... Two lateral ungual spines project proximally from the apical tuft. Near the base of the shaft are two lateral tubercles. ... and a pair of unequal ungual spines (the ulnar being more prominent). This asymmetry is necessary to ensure that the thumb pulp ...
... and movement of the spine when the scapulae are stable. Its main function is to stabilize and move the scapula. ... They are inserted into the medial margin of the acromion, and into the superior lip of the posterior border of the spine of the ... The upper fibers elevate the scapulae, the middle fibers retract the scapulae, and the lower fibers depress the scapulae. ... The upper and lower fibers tend to rotate the scapula around the Sternoclavicular articulation so that the acromion and ...
spine of scapula. *acromion. *coracoid process. *angles (superior, inferior, lateral). Humerus. *upper extremity: necks ( ...
Spurs may also be seen on the underside of the acromion, once thought to cause direct fraying of the rotator cuff from contact ... The shoulder joint is made up of three bones: the shoulder blade (scapula), the collarbone (clavicle) and the upper arm bone ( ... In some cases, the symptoms are due to cervical spine disease, featuring neck pain that radiates into the shoulder; ... However, a progression to a hooked acromion may simply be an adaptation to an already damaged, poorly balanced rotator cuff ...
The spine (that is, the vertebral column. A projectional radiograph of the spine confers an effective dose of approximately 1.5 ... The shape of the acromion. This projection has a low tolerance for errors and accordingly needs proper execution.[16] The Y- ... In the UK, the standard projections of the shoulder are AP and Lateral Scapula or Axillary Projection.[14] ... Lumbar Spine - AP and Lateral +/- L5/S1 view in the UK, with obliques and Flexion and Extension requests being rare.[14] In the ...
Spine of scapula (spina scapulæ) *crest of the spine. *great scapular notch ... Acromion. Страница 204[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *Borders *superior border *scapular notch ... The scapula/Shoulder blade (Тема 50)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 202[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. * ... Ossification of scapula. The humerus (Тема 51)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 209[редактиране , редактиране на ...
At its lateral end it articulates with the acromion, a process of the scapula (shoulder blade) at the acromioclavicular joint. ... It then forms an even larger posterior curve to articulate with the acromion of the scapula. The flat acromial end of the ... It bears a facet for attachment to the acromion process of the scapula, forming the acromioclavicular joint. The area ... Located directly above the first rib it acts as a strut to keep the scapula in place so that the arm can hang freely. Medially ...
The epiphyses, carpal bones, coracoid process, medial border of the scapula, and acromion are still cartilaginous.[28] ... The bones of the spine, pelvis, and some bones of the skull are irregular bones. Examples include the ethmoid and sphenoid ... only the diaphyses of the long bones and scapula are ossified. ...
tubercles (infraglenoid, supraglenoid) · spine of scapula · acromion · coracoid process borders (superior, lateral/axillary, ... Scapula. fossae (subscapular, supraspinatous, infraspinatous) · scapular notch · glenoid cavity ...
... and a long acromion process of the scapula. A phylogenetic analysis recovered Cruralispennia as a moderately advanced ... The front of sternum has a pointed rostral spine, which is known in a few other enantiornitheans. The rear edge of the sternum ... The spine is incomplete, but several articulated thoracic vertebrae preserve a lateral groove, characteristic of ...
Meanwhile, the front edge of the scapula has a distinct ridge, probably the acromion process. The scapula of Nundasuchus ... As with the cervicals, the neural spines of the dorsal vertebrae expand outwards into flat structures sometimes called "spine ... The scapula (shoulder blade) was paddle-like and somewhat small. The lower portion of the scapula is where the glenoid ( ... Heart-shaped spine tables, for example, were considered to have had an erratic distribution within Pseudosuchia, with some taxa ...
Medial view of left scapula. Acromional angle shown in red. Acromion Spine of scapula "acromial angle." The American Heritage, ... Acromial angle is a prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. Left ... scapula. Animation. Acromial angle is shown in red. Position of acromial angle (shown in red). Animation. Left scapula. ...
... the scapula has a prominent spine and a stout acromion and metacromion; and the carpal bones and tarsal bones are narrow, but ...
Acromion process. Spine of the scapula. *Insertion -Deltoid tuberosity on the humerus ... Origin - Posterior surface of the scapula (below the spine of the scapula). ... It is hidden behind the rib cage on the underside of the scapula or shoulder blade and is often injured by throwing sports. ... The deltoid muscle is used in all side lifting movements and any movement of the humerus on the scapula. It is divided into ...
Acromion. + Spine of scapula. + Deltoid tuberosity of humerus 38 What nerve is the deltoid supplied by? ... Posterior scapular muscles that attach on posterior aspect of scapula (supra/infraspinus fossa) and attach to the greater ... Attached to coracoid process of scapula to middle 1/3 of humerus ... Lateral margin of scapula + Medial lip of bicipital groove of ...
inferior aspect of acromion. coracoid process of scapula. coracoacromial ligament between the two of them ... The coracoid process of the scapula, so it obviously draws the scapula anteriorly and inferiorly, against the thoracic wall ... Acromion. Spine of scapula 74 To what does the latissimus dorsi muscle insert? ...
1. Clavicle, 2. Scapula (with 3. Scapular spine, 4. Coracoid process, 5.Acromion), 6. Humerus; Joints: 7. Acromioclavicular (AC ... Origin on scapula. Attachment on humerus. Function. Innervation Supraspinatus muscle. supraspinous fossa. superior[2] facet of ... The subscapularis muscle origin is divided from the remainder of the rotator cuff origins as it is deep to the scapula. ... They hold the head of the humerus in the small and shallow glenoid fossa of the scapula. The glenohumeral joint has been ...
Acromion process; scapula, scapular spine; humerus. Shoulder joints. Glenohumeral joint; acromioclavicular joint, ... Scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpals (8), metacarpals (5), phalanges (14). Major joints of the upper extremity. Shoulder ( ... Thin, flattened, and usually curved; skull, ribs, sternum, scapula, ilium; provide protection. ...
I: Root of Spine. O: Base of Skull + Spinous process of Thoracic Vertebrae and C7. I: Acromion + crest of Scapula Spine. ... border of Scapula. O: Upper 2/3 of posterior Scapula, adjacent to Lat. border of Scapula. I: Inferior facet of Greater tubercle ... I: Vertebral margin of Scapula(between superior angle and root of spine) ... O: Lower border of crest of Spine of Scapula. I: Deltoid Tuberosity. ...
SECTION IV THE SCAPULA AND SHOULDER JOINT. Approach to the Body, Spine, and Acromion Process of the Scapula. Approach to the ...
Start studying RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Appendicular Skeleton Bone Identification. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Originates on clavicle, acromion process, and spine of scapula.. Inserts on deltoid tuberosity. ... Name 4 muscles which have an insertion on the medial border of the scapula.. ... Name 2 muscles which have an origin on the coracoid process of the scapula.. ... Name 2 muscles which have an origin on the lateral border of the scapula.. ...
e) Acromion scapulae.. z) Scapular spine.. h) m. Deltoideus.. q) m. Sternohyoideus.. i) m. Omohyoideus.. k) m. Anterior scalene ... y) m. Levator anguli scapulae.. z) m. digastricus.. a) Submandibular gland.. b) Parotid duct (s. Stenonianus duct).. g) Galea ...
clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula. deltoid tuberosity. trapezius. elevates scapula, extends head, and stabilizes scapula. ... clavicle and acromion. biceps brachii. flexes forearm, flexes arm. scapula, coracoid process of scapula. radial tuberosity, ... anterior iliac spine. patella. gracilis. adducts and rotates thigh, flexes leg. body and inferior ramus of pubis. medial ... occipital bone, spines of 7th cervical and athoracic vertebrae. ...
fossae?????, spine of scapula ???, acromion ??. 38. Humerus ??*Upper end head of humerus???, anatomical neck???, greater and ... superior iliac spine ????, anterior inferior iliac spine ????, tubercle of iliac crest???, posterior superior iliac spine ????, ... inferior iliac spine ????, greater sciatic notch ?????, gluteal surface ??,iliac fossa ??, arcuate line???, auricular surface ...
1. lateral 1/3 clavicle; acromion and spine of scapula 2. deltoid tuberosity of humerus. ... levator scapulae 1. origin 2. insertion. Definition. 1. transverse process of first 4 cervical vertebrae 2. superior part & ... 1. dorsal surface of interior angle of scapula 2. crest of lesser tubercle of humerus. ... most common abnormal curvature of spine; more frequent in females; idiopathic 80% of time. ...
Acromion. The roof (highest point) of the shoulder that is formed by a part of the scapula. ... Facts about the spine. The vertebral column, also called the spine or backbone, is made up of multiple vertebrae that are ... The cervical area consists of 7 bony parts in the neck; the thoracic spine consists of 12 bony parts in the back area; the ... The joint capsule is a group of ligaments that connect the humerus to the socket of the shoulder joint on the scapula to ...
trapezius, which arises from spinous processes of cervical and thoracic vertebrae & inserts on spine of scapula and acromion, ... insertion: superior border of spine of scapula, draws back acromion process; - nerve supply: spinal accessory nerve and ventral ... rotation of scapula to face the glenoid cavity superior gives inferior stabilization of scapula; - aids to maintain spine in ... levator scapulae is transfered laterally to scapular spine; - replaces superior portion of trapezius; - rhomboid minor is ...
mid: originates from thoracic vertebrae 1 to 5 and inserts into the acromion and spine of the scapula. This portion adducts and ... It inserts into the clavicle and acromion of the scapula. This portion elevates the scapula during arm movements, stabilizes ... spine of the scapula. This portion depresses and rotates the scapula. ... The middle trapezius attaches to the neck and upper spine and the shoulder blade. The lower trapezius attaches to the spine in ...
Spine of scapula. Scapula. Acromion. Greater tubercle. Head of humerus Glenoid cavity ... Scapula. Humerus. Raising the arm above horizontal contracts the upper part of the trapezius; however, many bodybuilders dont ... Because everyones physical structure is different (length of the clavicle, shape of the acromion, and height of the insertion ... although you cant see this because it is located deep in the supraspinatus fossa of the scapula (shoulder blade), where It ...
Acromioclavicular joint Coracoacromial ligament Acromion Coracoid process Supraspinatus tendon Humerus, lesser tubercle ... Spine of scapula Acromion Supraspinatus tendon Humerus, greater tubercle Infraspinatus Teres minor Scapula, medial border ... Scapula, medial border. Shoulder Injuries occur frequently in weightlifting and especially in bodybuilding where developing the ... Remember that the head of the humerus Is solidly fixed against the glenoid fossa of the scapula by a group of muscle tendons ...
Spine of the scapula. * Acromion process of the scapula. * Humerus. 2. Which of the following people is NOT using their deltoid ...
Middle: lateral aspects of acromion. Posterior: inferior edge of spine scapula Anterior: deltoid tuberocity on lateral humerous ... Generally, the larger trapezius muscle stabilizes the scapula as the deltoid pulls on the humerus. The deltoid muscle is made ...
The acromion, in man, arises from the scapula differently from most other animals. The scapula is cartilaginous toward the ... The spine, from the os sacrum to the great vertebra, is curved backward; in this quarter are situated the bladder, the organs ... 6. When the acromion is torn away, the appearance is the same as in dislocation of the shoulder; but there is no impediment, ... And attention should be paid to the force of habit, and to the symptom produced by the tearing away of the acromion, whereby a ...
Human scapulae (lateral view on the left & medial view on the right). Identify the scapular spine, acromion process & coracoid ... Front leg bones - scapula (medial surface, so spine is hidden), clavicles, humerus, radius & ulna. ... Human clavicle & scapula in position with the humerus. ... A large seal scaula on the left & an ungulate scapula on the ... Cervical vertebrae - lower left are the atlas & axis (its odontoid process is broken off, but note the large neural spine). ...
Including Thoracic Spine, Scapulae, Acromion, Clavicle, The glenoid fossa, coracoideus process, humerus. Its not too easy. The ... Scapulae are active, shoulders are active, the elbow is active, even the wrist. Ive done this stuff myself. And I must point ...
... acromion, spine of scapula; innervation, accessory nerve and cervical plexus; action, rotates scapula to raise shoulder in ... deltoid muscle origin, clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula; insertion, deltoid tuberosity of humerus; innervation, axillary; ... Insertion: posterior edge of lateral clavicle, acromion, posterior edge of spine of scapula. Nerve: accessory (CN XI), spinal ... medial margin of scapula at root of the spine; innervation, dorsal scapular; action, adducts, elevates scapula. ...
... and entered the left shoulder immediately before the processus acromion scapulae, which it slightly fractured. It then ... The ball was traced by a probe to the spine, but its lodgment could not at that time be discovered. There was no lead on board ... It was at this time that the fatal ball was discovered: it had passed through the spine, and lodged in the muscles of the back ... The injury done to the spine must of itself have proved mortal, but HIS LORDSHIP might perhaps have survived this alone for two ...
Acromion process explanation free. What is Acromion process? Meaning of Acromion process medical term. What does Acromion ... Looking for online definition of Acromion process in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to Acromion process: Medial border of scapula acromion. [ah-kro´me-on] the lateral extension of the spine of the ... acromion. the ventral prolongation of the spine of the shoulder blade or SCAPULA.. acromion. the prominence at the distal end ...
NAME: Trapezius ORIGIN: • Occipital bone • Vertebrae T1-T12 INSERTION: • Lateral clavicle • Scapula (spine & acromion process) ... NAME: Deltoid ORIGIN: • Lateral clavicle • Scapula (spine & acromion • process INSERTION: Humerus (deltoid tuberosity) NEXT ... NAME: Levator scapulae ORIGIN: Vertebrae C1-C4 INSERTION: Superior scapula NEXT ACTION: BACK INFO Elevates & adducts scapula ( ... NAME: Pectoralis minor ORIGIN: 3rd, 4th, & 5th ribs INSERTION: Coracoid process of scapula NEXT ACTION: BACK INFO Pulls scapula ...
... scapula, acromion of, ?? Bone(s), scapula, angle of, inferior, Bone(s), scapula, angle of, superior, ?? Bone(s), scapula, spine ... Spine(s), iliac, posterior superior, ??IJ ?? Spine(s), ischial, ?? ?? Spine(s), of scapula, ?? Spleen,?? Stomach, Stomach, ... Abdomen,ʢ?? Abdominal cavity, viscera of, intact,ʢ????¢ ?? Acromion,٨?? Angle, of scapula, inferior, ù β Angle, of scapula, ... ǹ Spine(s), iliac, posterior inferior, ?IJ ?? ...
  • [4] These muscles arise from the scapula and connect to the head of the humerus , forming a cuff at the shoulder joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • They hold the head of the humerus in the small and shallow glenoid fossa of the scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include the collarbone (clavicle), the shoulder blade (scapula), and the upper arm bone (humerus). (rochester.edu)
  • The joint capsule is a group of ligaments that connect the humerus to the socket of the shoulder joint on the scapula to stabilize the shoulder and keep it from dislocating. (rochester.edu)
  • Generally, the larger trapezius muscle stabilizes the scapula as the deltoid pulls on the humerus. (bodybuildingpro.com)
  • Because everyone's physical structure is different (length of the clavicle, shape of the acromion, and height of the insertion at the humerus), you must find the angle of the initial position that is best for you. (fitness-vip.com)
  • Lateral raises contract the supraspinatus, although you can't see this because it is located deep in the supraspinatus fossa of the scapula (shoulder blade), where It attaches to the lesser tubercle of the humerus. (fitness-vip.com)
  • The shoulder Is defined as a ball-and-socket joint because the head of the humerus is mainly held within the glenoid cavity of the scapula by a complex musculotendinous group. (fitness-vip.com)
  • When some people perform exercises in which they raise the arms, such as extensions from the neck or lateral raises, the supraspinatus tendon is rubbed and compressed between the head of the humerus and the osteoligamentous ceiling created by the inferior surface of the acromion and the coracoacromial ligament. (fitness-vip.com)
  • Human clavicle & scapula in position with the humerus. (washington.edu)
  • The scapula provides for the firm attachment of muscles that move the forelimb and an articulation for the humerus at the glenoid cavity . (daviddarling.info)
  • The superolateral angle of the scapula forms the pear-shaped glenoid cavity, or fossa, which articulates with the head of the humerus. (daviddarling.info)
  • The scapula forms two joints - the acromioclavicular (AC) joint with the clavicle and the shoulder (humeroscapular) joint with the humerus. (innerbody.com)
  • The musculotendinous attachments from the spine, sternum, ribs, and medial clavicle to the scapula, distal clavicle, and proximal humerus provide the secondary support. (medscape.com)
  • Kinematic data were collected via the Polhemus Fastrack magnetic tracking system with three receivers: thorax, scapula and humerus. (cdc.gov)
  • Shoulder girdle comprises of scapula, clavicle and humerus (arm bone). (ndtv.com)
  • The joint is formed by the head of the humerus and glenoid cavity of the scapula. (ndtv.com)
  • The rotator cuff aids in stabilizes the shoulder joint by holding the head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa of the scapula. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The teres major originates from the inferior angle of the scapula and inserts on the medial lip of the intertubercular groove of the humerus. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The subscapularis originates from the subscapular fossa of the scapula and inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The shape and position of the forequarters, consisting of the shoulders, the scapulae and the humerus (upper arm) and sternum (breastbone) are noticeably different in different types of animals and even in different breeds of dogs to serve its purpose in the movement of that animal. (petmassage.com)
  • Here we can palpate the "point of the shoulder" where the scapula articulates with the humerus of the foreleg at the scapula-humeral joint, and where the greater tubercle of the humerus projects in front of the joint. (petmassage.com)
  • The tendon of the muscle extends laterally passing under the acromion process and over the head of the humerus, blending into the glenohumeral joint capsule to insert on the superior facet of the greater tuberosity of the humerus. (nih.gov)
  • Figure 1: Theory suggests the elevation of the humerus in flexion or abduction will narrow the space between the head of the humerus and the acromion process of the scapula, and this narrowing causes compression of the tissues between the two bony structures. (crossfit.com)
  • How we position the arm in space has a tremendous effect on the distance between the acromion process and the humerus. (crossfit.com)
  • If we start with the palm down and attempt to abduct the humerus to overhead, the humerus will interact with the acromion and inhibit further overhead motion. (crossfit.com)
  • Figure 2: Simple rotation of the humerus at the shoulder reorients the greater tubercle away from the acromion process. (crossfit.com)
  • Using the trapezius to elevate and rotate the scapula with the aid of the serratus anterior, the spine of the scapula becomes more vertical, and this maintains the space between the acromion process and the humerus. (crossfit.com)
  • In the "frozen shoulder" the axis of the shaft of the humerus is nearly at right angles to the axis of the spine of the scapula, and remains so in whatever direction the arm is moved. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Although determining the relation of the axis of the shaft of the humerus to that of the spine of the scapula is a primary one for the understanding of the diagnosis or treatment of many shoulder lesions, it seems best to dwell on its importance here. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Spine £5" "3 EM NXVWQ ' fig (kg M M _' E Acromion process ESE: SE Egg igg'éi Eggs Coracoid process \ ' \ \ 3 Humerus MW! (coursehero.com)
  • The SHR is classified as hyperactive only when an elevation of the scapula or an abduction of the humerus have been clearly defined after tapping at these points. (ovid.com)
  • Depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerus. (bbcprograms.com)
  • In anatomy , the scapula , or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). (wikidoc.org)
  • Anteroposterior and axillary radiographs of the shoulder showed a displaced fracture of the base of the acromion with superior subluxation of the head of the humerus, suggesting chronic rotator cuff tear arthropathy (figs 1 and 2). (bmj.com)
  • Other muscles connect the clavicle purchase digoxin once a day prehypertension eyes, the humerus and provide support for the glenohumeral scapula discount 0.25mg digoxin fast delivery hypertension thyroid, and body wall to the proximalend of the humerus purchase on line digoxin prehypertension lisinopril. (bdforum.org)
  • These include the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, Trapezius Levator scapulae Rhomboid minor Latissimus dorsi A B Fig. The compartment by the humerus and by medial and lateral thenar muscles allow the thumb to move freely relative to intermuscular septa. (bdforum.org)
  • The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and two tendons that connect the humerus, or upper arm, to the scapula, or shoulder blade. (reference.com)
  • The muscles of the shoulder originate from both the axial skeleton and the scapula, inserting onto the humerus. (statpearls.com)
  • The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons. (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy , the shoulder joint comprises the part of the body where the humerus attaches to the scapula , and the head sits in the glenoid cavity . (wikipedia.org)
  • The joint capsule is a soft tissue envelope that encircles the glenohumeral joint and attaches to the scapula , humerus , and head of the biceps . (wikipedia.org)
  • The shoulder consists of a ball-and-socket joint formed by the humerus and scapula and their surrounding structures - ligaments , muscles , tendons - which support the bones and maintain the relationship of one to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [2] These supporting structures attach to the clavicle , humerus , and scapula , the latter providing the glenoid cavity , acromion and coracoid processes . (wikipedia.org)
  • The "ball" of the joint is the rounded, medial anterior surface of the humerus and the "socket" is formed by the glenoid cavity, the dish-shaped portion of the lateral scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • This capsule is strengthened by the coracohumeral ligament which attaches the coracoid process of the scapula to the greater tubercle of the humerus. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also three other ligaments attaching the lesser tubercle of the humerus to lateral scapula and are collectively called the glenohumeral ligaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scapular spine , 4. (wikipedia.org)
  • z ) Scapular spine. (anatomyatlases.org)
  • Identify the scapular spine, acromion process & coracoid process. (washington.edu)
  • The scapular spine separates the supraspinatus fossa from the infraspinatus fossa and extends from superiorly and laterally from the medial edge of the scapula, serving as the attachment of the trapezius and posterior deltoid muscles. (hindawi.com)
  • The scapular receiver was attached using a scapula tracker jig and Velcro strips on the scapular spine and acromion process. (cdc.gov)
  • At the ventral/caudal neck the scapular spine thickens at the acromion process of the scapula. (petmassage.com)
  • The supraspinatus muscle, the most superiorly located of the rotator cuff muscles, resides in the supraspinous fossa of the scapula, superior to the scapular spine. (nih.gov)
  • For supraspinatus and upper trapezius stimulation, the active electrode was placed on 5 cm away from the acromion at the level of the midpoint of the scapular spine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The deltoid is transected at its attachments to the clavicle, acromion, and scapular spine. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • The supraspinatus muscle arises from the posterior aspect of the scapula, just above the scapular spine, and courses horizontally and anteriorly at the level of the acromioclavicular joint, a good landmark for its musculotendinous junction. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The infraspinatus muscle arises from the posterior aspect of the scapula, below the scapular spine. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Origin - Posterior surface of the scapula (below the spine of the scapula). (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • O: Inferior, Posterior of Scapula. (sporcle.com)
  • O: Upper 2/3 of posterior Scapula, adjacent to Lat. (sporcle.com)
  • The scapula lies on the posterior thoracic wall between the second and the seventh ribs . (daviddarling.info)
  • On its posterior surface the spine of the scapula projects backward. (daviddarling.info)
  • The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by the spine into the supraspinous fossa above and an infraspinous fossa below. (daviddarling.info)
  • Fortunately, most fractures of the scapula require little treatment because the muscles on the anterior and posterior surfaces adequately splint the fragments. (daviddarling.info)
  • The position of the scapula on the posterior wall of the thorax is maintained by the tone and balance of the muscles attached to it. (daviddarling.info)
  • Posterior or spinal fibers arise from the lower lip of the posterior border of the spine of the scapula . (wikipedia.org)
  • Posterior part of deltoid (arises from the lower lip of the posterior border of the spine of the scapula . (wikipedia.org)
  • 4. An oblique incision from the spine of the first lumbar vertebra, upwards and laterally, to the posterior fold of the axilla, and along the latter to the arm. (ebooksread.com)
  • Posterior to the clavicle is the scapula, a flat, triangular bone located lateral to the thoracic spine in the dorsal region of the body. (innerbody.com)
  • The anterior deltoid originates from the lateral third of the clavicle, the middle deltoid from the acromion process, and the posterior deltoid from the spine of the scapula. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The outline of the posterior edge of the scapula and the axis of the spine of the scapula and acromion are indicated. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • The posterior approach is most commonly used for posterior stabilization surgery but also for exposure and fixation of fractures of the glenoid neck and scapula. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • The central point of this incision is the same landmark as the posterior portal for arthroscopy, that is, 2 cm inferomedially to the posterior corner of the acromion. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Stabilization of the spine relies more heavily on the posterior joints. (chiro.org)
  • The scapula forms the posterior part of the shoulder girdle. (wikidoc.org)
  • The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by a bony projection, the spina scapulae (opposite to the fossa subscapularis) into the supraspinous fossa and the infraspinous fossa. (wikidoc.org)
  • Iliac crest and posterior superior iliac spine of the hip bones . (lecturio.com)
  • Posterior incision: starts at the clavicle and continues posteriorly along the scapula until it meets the anterior incision. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • A longitudinal posterior incision is begun over the posterior aspect of the scapula. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • The scapula , also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. (kenhub.com)
  • However, because the medial aspect of the scapula is not directly attached to the axial skeleton, but is rather held in place and connected to the thorax and vertebral column by muscles, the scapula can move freely across the posterior thoracic wall ( scapulothoracic joint ). (kenhub.com)
  • At the back of the scapula is the convex and uneven posterior surface which has a protruding ridge of bone ( spine of the scapula) that unevenly separates it into two divisions: the superior supraspinous fossa and the much bigger, inferior infraspinous fossa . (kenhub.com)
  • The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. (kenhub.com)
  • The middle trapezius attaches to the neck and upper spine and the shoulder blade. (sharecare.com)
  • The lower trapezius attaches to the spine in the mid-back and to the shoulder blade. (sharecare.com)
  • If one of these muscles is paralyzed, this balance is upset, as in dropped shoulder , which occurs with paralysis of the trapezius , or winged scapula , which occurs with paralysis of the serratus anterior . (daviddarling.info)
  • Static joint stability is provided by the joint surfaces and the capsulolabral complex, and dynamic stability by the rotator cuff muscles and the scapular rotators (trapezius, serratus anterior, rhomboids and levator scapulae). (aafp.org)
  • the trapezius and the serratus anterior muscles help rotate the scapula upward, and the trapezius and the rhomboids aid scapular retraction. (aafp.org)
  • The trapezius is a large, diamond-shaped muscle that extends from the back of the skull down to the lower part of the spine in the chest and across the width of the shoulders. (daviddarling.info)
  • The trapezius is attached to the top and back of the scapula (shoulder blade) as well as to the outer part of the clavicle (collarbone). (daviddarling.info)
  • Knowing that the scapula rotates around the point of attachment of the coracoid process to the clavicle by the coracoclavicular ligament, it can be appreciated that the superior and inferior fibers of the trapezius assist the serratus anterior muscle in rotating the scapula when the arm is raised above the head. (daviddarling.info)
  • The upper trapezius (UT) is a major muscle that affects movement and stability of both the scapula and cervical spine. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • The coordination and interplay between the UT and other scapula muscles such as the lower and middle trapezius, serratus anterior, rhomboids, levator scapulae and pectoralis minor, have a large bearing on how the scapula moves and how stable it can become to allow proper gleno-humeral motion. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • They act primarily as an upward rotator of the scapula when co-ordinated with the lower and middle trapezius fibres. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • The lower trapezius contracts isometrically to fixate the middle medial border of the scapula so that the serratus anterior can then upwardly rotate the scapula. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • Many muscles attach to the scapula to move the shoulder, including the trapezius, deltoid, rhomboids, and the muscles of the rotator cuff. (innerbody.com)
  • The trapezius muscle is one of the major muscles found in the upper back and on either side of the spine. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • The trapezius muscle is responsible for moving, rotating, and stabilizing the shoulder blade (scapula). (belmarrahealth.com)
  • The superficial muscles of the back (trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, levator scapula, serratus anterior) contribute to extension and side flexion of the axial skeleton. (physio-pedia.com)
  • As a whole, the trapezius upwardly rotates the scapula. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The major muscles participating in the SHR are considered to be the upper portion of the trapezius, the levator scapulae, and the deltoid. (ovid.com)
  • The trapezius is removed medially, the teres major and long head of the triceps are resected, and the scapula is removed. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Another major tendon in the human body is the levator scapulae which does the same thing exceptâ ¦it helps raise and lower the scapula and the muscle around the scapula. (bbcprograms.com)
  • The shoulder girdle muscles make the scapula (shoulder blade) move. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • behind they have a sharp process having a cartilaginous epiphysis, whence proceeds the roots of nerves running downward, as also muscles extending from the neck to the loins, and filling the space between the ribs and the spine. (edu.au)
  • Costal aspect of the scapula with attachments of muscles mapped out. (daviddarling.info)
  • Jenny Mccoy, SELF , "Why Sara Sampaio's Dumbbell Raise Exercise Is Great for Strengthening Your Shoulders," 23 July 2018 In addition to breathing quality, this stretch helps relieve tension headaches caused by an achy neck and stiff shoulders, as well as bolstering underworked muscles around the scapula . (merriam-webster.com)
  • While it is impossible to separate and isolate any one part of the whole body, this paper will try to shed some understanding of the role of the scapula in the function of the canine shoulder, the muscles, nerves, and arteries proximal to the scapula that contribute to the strength and movement of the shoulder, and the potential problems that can arise from problems. (petmassage.com)
  • While the scapula is essential to the canine shoulder, the shoulder consists of many components including 25 muscles, each contributing to the wholeness of the canine body. (petmassage.com)
  • These fossae provide the origin attachment points for the supraspinatous and infraspinatous muscles, intrinsic muscles which flex and extend the shoulder and prevent dislocation by stabilizing movement of the scapula relative to the ribs, vertebrae and forelimbs. (petmassage.com)
  • If these muscles atrophy or shrink, the spine becomes more noticeable and the scapula loses its stability. (petmassage.com)
  • Repetitive injury to the disc, zygapophyseal joints, muscles and ligaments of the spine can result from chronic lifting, twisting and torquing, and poor posture. (chiro.org)
  • A conglomerate of anatomical changes created by the global laxity in muscles and ligaments compromises the stability of the spine. (chiro.org)
  • The zygapophyseal joint, the pelvis and ligaments and muscles surrounding the spinal column, lose their ability to stabilize the spine. (chiro.org)
  • These activities, concurrent with laxity of muscles and tissues, create a canvas for injury to the tissues around the spine. (chiro.org)
  • abdominal bracing - technique of tensing the stomach muscles to support the spine. (nyhq.org)
  • The scapula connects to the bones of the upper arm, and many arm muscles attach at the scapula. (reference.com)
  • SITS is a term proposed by Ferguson and Gerwin in their book that describes chronic, relatively diffuse pain that affects the upper back in particular the scapula areas, the neck, occipital muscles, temporomandidibular, temporal, shoulders and upper-arm muscles. (ndnr.com)
  • The scapula is an important bone as each scapula provides a point of attachment for a number of muscles that make up the arm and shoulder. (kenhub.com)
  • Due to the large surface area of the scapula there are a large number of muscles attached (17 in total) which fix the scapula to the thoracic wall and allow it to move. (kenhub.com)
  • A torn rotator cuff can occur following trauma to the shoulder or it can occur through the "wear and tear" on tendons, most commonly the supraspinatus tendon found under the acromion . (wikipedia.org)
  • The subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, which usually contains minimal fluid, if any, drapes over the supraspinatus muscle and tendon and lies just beneath the acromion. (appliedradiology.com)
  • It inserts into the clavicle and acromion of the scapula. (sharecare.com)
  • The right hand stabilizes the lateral one third of the patient's right clavicle and acromion palpating the muscle. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The acromion serves as a lever arm for the deltoid [ 1 ] and articulates with the lateral end of the clavicle at the acromioclavicular joint. (hindawi.com)
  • Two joints are formed by the clavicle - the sternoclavicular joint with the sternum, and the acromioclavicular joint with the acromion of the scapula. (innerbody.com)
  • The scapula also articulates with the clavicle , via the acromion process (the acromioclavicular joint ). (wikidoc.org)
  • The acromioclavicular joint permits only a little fore-and-aft sliding of the scapula on the clavicle. (duke.edu)
  • This ligament so strongly prevents the scapula from being driven medially that, if you fall on your shoulder, you are more likely to fracture your clavicle than to dislocate the acromioclavicular joint. (duke.edu)
  • The infraspinatus originates from the infraspinous fossa of the scapula. (bodybuilding.com)
  • the portion above the spine is called the supraspinatous fossa , and that below it the infraspinous fossa . (wikidoc.org)
  • the lowest fibers are directed upward and laterally and are inserted on the medial end of the spine of the scapula. (daviddarling.info)
  • 3. From the lower extremity of the median incision in a curved direction laterally and forwards, along the crest of the ilium, to within two inches of the anterior superior iliac spine. (ebooksread.com)
  • and it may be traced laterally, across the spine of the scapula, towards the shoulder. (ebooksread.com)
  • This will move the scapula laterally to provide more space for SSN scanning. (usra.ca)
  • The large, triangular subscapularis muscle arises from the anterior surface of the scapula and courses laterally under the coracoid, with its musculotendinous junction at the level of the glenoid. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The neck, or cervical spine, is formed by seven vertebrae that stack on top of each other. (gaia.com)
  • That's the muscle that runs from your neck to your shoulder, and down to your scapula (shoulder blade), on each side. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The ventral and distal area of the scapula narrows along the neck of the scapula. (petmassage.com)
  • Reports published in English have described stress fractures of the acromion at the base of the acromion extending to the spine of the scapula, 2 neck of the acromion, 3 medial aspect of the acromion, 4 and the base of the acromion only. (bmj.com)
  • form neck region of spine. (cram.com)
  • The mechanism of this force couple is via the action of the serratus anterior, which pulls the scapula into protraction. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • Acromial angle is a prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acromion Spine of scapula "acromial angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Middle (acromial) head: acromion process and spine of the scapula. (getbodysmart.com)
  • Lateral or acromial fibers arise from the superior surface of the acromion process of the scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acromion Process on the lateral aspect of spine that articulates anteriorly with the acromial end of the clavicle. (bbcprograms.com)
  • Acromial fractures constitute 9% of fractures of the scapula, which amounts to 3-5% of shoulder girdle injuries. (bmj.com)
  • The anterior surface of the scapula is concave and forms the shallow subscapular fossa . (daviddarling.info)
  • The anterior surface of the scapula is undulating. (hindawi.com)
  • The long axis of the scapula lies in a plane that is 30 to 45 degrees anterior to the coronal plane because of the curve of the rib cage [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The anterior (front) side of the scapula shows the fossa subscapularis (subscapular fossa) to which the subscapularis muscle attaches. (wikidoc.org)
  • Dennis et al reported three cases of stress fracture of the anterior impingement zone of the acromion. (bmj.com)
  • Insertion: medial part of the anterior scapula. (statpearls.com)
  • Border of Acromion process. (sporcle.com)
  • Inserts on clavicle, acromion process, and spine of scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Cervical vertebrae - lower left are the atlas & axis (it's odontoid process is broken off, but note the large neural spine). (washington.edu)
  • Pectoralis minor origin: rib 2-5 insertion: Coracoid process of the scapula depression + downward. (picsearch.com)
  • Acromion Clavicle Coracoid process of scapula Humeral head Glenoid process of scapula Scapula. (picsearch.com)
  • 1. Acromion Process 2. (picsearch.com)
  • Lateral part of deltoid (arises from the superior surface of the acromion process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapula has several important osseous features, including the acromion, coracoid process, spine [ 1 ], and glenoid fossa. (hindawi.com)
  • scapula: The spine ends in the acromion, a process that articulates with the clavicle, or collarbone, in front and helps form the upper part of the shoulder socket. (britannica.com)
  • Located along the superior thoracic vertebrae inserting into the acromion process of the scapula. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • This rotator cuff lies beneath the bony acromion process of the scapula. (ndtv.com)
  • Between the acromion process and the rotator cuff is a cushion (bursa), called subacromial bursa. (ndtv.com)
  • Pain can arise because of the impingement of the acromion process of the scapula on the underlying rotator cuff. (ndtv.com)
  • All of these fibers insert on the lateral third of the clavicle, acromion process and spine of the scapula. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The conventional wisdom for the genesis of shoulder impingement syndrome is that the acromion process comes into contact with and impinges upon the tendinous underlying tissues. (crossfit.com)
  • Figure 4: Rotating the scapula, a nearly involuntary effect when raising the arm overhead, aids in keeping the acromion process and humeral head apart. (crossfit.com)
  • Another hook-like projection comes off the lateral angle of the scapula, and is called the coracoid process . (wikidoc.org)
  • The caudal surface of the clavicle presents a conoid tubercle which is the attachment of the conoid ligament, which binds the clavicle to the coracoid process of the scapula. (duke.edu)
  • 23] For bicep skin fold thickness (Figure 1d) midpoint between the acromion process and the lateral condyle of the elbow was marked. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Acromion process of scapula has been classified by many researchers into three types. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Manual palpation revealed extreme laxity along with complete separation of the distal clavicle from the acromion process. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • half way between the acromion process and the olecranon process). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • How Can You Remember the Acromion Process? (reference.com)
  • The acromion process is one of two narrow bony projections that sit at the top of the scapula, or the shoulder blade. (reference.com)
  • Along with the spine, there are two more processes: the coracoid and acromion process . (kenhub.com)
  • This joint is supported by the acromioclavicular ligament which attaches to the acromion process at one end and the clavicle at the other. (kenhub.com)
  • A bony spine runs across the dorsal surface of the scapular body and terminates in the acromion. (duke.edu)
  • The scapula does not directly contact the bony rib cage: the two structures are separated by muscle and other soft tissue. (duke.edu)
  • They cushion and protect the rotator cuff from the bony arch of the acromion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapulothoracic articulation is a sliding junction between the deep aspect of the scapula and thoracic rib cage at the levels of ribs 2 through 7. (hindawi.com)
  • The scapula is a flat bone (Figures 1 and 2 ) that rests on the posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cavity overlying ribs 2 through 7 [ 1 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Joseph Gerth, The Courier-Journal , "After an extensive taste test, here are the best BBQ ribs in Louisville," 29 June 2018 Then an arrow shot by a Southern Alpine archer struck the Iceman from behind, shattering his scapula and severing an artery. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Lying alongside the thorax, the scapula is secured to the spinal column by four strong bands of muscle fascia from the first cervical to the ninth thoracic vertebra and to the first seven or eight ribs. (petmassage.com)
  • She also had a senile osteoporotic kyphosis of her thoracic spine. (bmj.com)
  • The inferior angle of the scapula can be palpated easily in the living subject and marks the level of the seventh rib and the spine of the seventh thoracic vertebrae . (daviddarling.info)
  • The inferior angle of the scapula is the lowest part of the scapula and is covered by the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • from the spine of the seventh cervical vertebrae and the spines and supraspinous ligaments of all the thoracic vertebrae . (daviddarling.info)
  • At the articulation with the scapula it is bound tightly to the acromion with ligaments that cross the synovial joint. (duke.edu)
  • The clavicles are rounded in front, having some slight movements at the sternum, but more free at the acromion. (edu.au)
  • This SC joint compression allows load to be transferred away from the cervical spine and instead is directed towards the sternum and axial skeleton. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • The clavicle, which gets its name from the Latin word for key, is a long bone that connects the scapula to the sternum (breast bone) of the chest. (innerbody.com)
  • The clavicle articulates with two bones, the sternum and the scapula. (duke.edu)
  • The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum , make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton. (kenhub.com)
  • The purpose of this review is to discuss the anatomy of the scapulothoracic articulation with an emphasis on the pathology associated with snapping scapula syndrome. (hindawi.com)
  • Snapping scapula syndrome is caused by either osseous lesions or scapulothoracic bursitis, and appropriate recognition and treatment of these disorders is dependent on a solid foundation in periscapular anatomy [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Anatomy, definition and function of the scapula, also known as shoulder blade. (kenhub.com)
  • It is considered a large surface muscle that extends from the occipital bone of the skull to the lower thoracic vertebrae of the spine. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • This is suggested to occur when the arm is lifted, bringing the humeral head and shaft into close proximity with the acromion. (crossfit.com)
  • The scapula provides a stable base to the movement of humeral head during an overhead motion. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The vertebral column, also called the spine or backbone, is made up of multiple vertebrae that are separated by spongy disks and classified into 4 distinct areas. (rochester.edu)
  • From the tip of the coccyx, at the lower end of the vertebral column, upwards, along the median line of the body, to the spine of the seventh cervical vertebra. (ebooksread.com)
  • They become super- ficial close to the vertebral spines, and are to be sought for near the median plane. (ebooksread.com)
  • The scapula serves as a site for multiple muscular origins and insertions [ 1 ] and is thin and triangular shaped with three distinct borders (superior, axillary, and vertebral) and three angles (superomedial, inferomedial, and lateral (glenoid)) [ 4 ] (Figures 1 and 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • The superomedial angle, formed by the superior border and the vertebral border of the scapula, normally measures 124 to 162 degrees [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The most medial border of the scapula (vertebral border) is approximately 5 cm from the vertebral column, although this distance varies depending on scapular protraction and retraction (Figures 1 and 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Caudal Vertebrae have tiny neural canals, reduced neural spines & transverse processes, reduced zygapophyses. (washington.edu)
  • After skin and transducer preparation, place a linear 38-mm high frequency 10-12 MHz transducer on the scapula to obtain a best possible transverse view of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) and suprascapular vessels. (usra.ca)
  • It begins flat at the base of the shoulder bone, ascends in distal direction to its peak at about the middle of the scapula, this peak is called tuber scapulae. (wikidoc.org)
  • Consisting of the clavicle (collar bone) and scapula (shoulder blade), the pectoral girdle forms the attachment point between the arm and the chest. (innerbody.com)
  • It is a long, large bone that extends from the scapula of the shoulder to the ulna and radius of the lower arm. (innerbody.com)
  • The dorsal aspect of the scapula does not articulate with any another bone. (petmassage.com)
  • We can palpate shoulder and feel the scapula as a flat bone with a spine down the middle and slight depressions or fossa on either side of the spine. (petmassage.com)
  • Scapula: The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a triangular shaped flat bone that connects the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • For humans and carnivores and bovinae the spina runs into a forward pointing hook called acromion , which continues past the main part of the bone. (wikidoc.org)
  • this gives greater strength to the body of the bone by its arched form, while the summit of the arch serves to support the spine and acromion . (wikidoc.org)
  • The scapula is a spade-shaped bone comprised of a thin triangular body and a semi-ovoid cavity known as the glenoid fossa (glenoid cavity). (duke.edu)
  • Inserts on medial border and superior angle of scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Superior angle of scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Three-dimensional reconstruction of the scapula demonstrating the (a) superior and (b) inferior osseous morphology of the scapula. (hindawi.com)
  • The superior angle of the scapula is thin, smooth, rounded, and inclined somewhat lateralward, and gives attachment to a few fibers of the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • Like any triangle, the scapula consists of three borders: superior, lateral and medial. (kenhub.com)
  • Proximally, it articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula forming the glenohumeral joint. (duke.edu)
  • A fissure extends transversely through the body of the scapula below the spine. (civilwardc.org)
  • The subscapularis muscle origin is divided from the remainder of the rotator cuff origins as it is deep to the scapula . (wikipedia.org)
  • The lateral aspect of the acromion partly overlies the rotator cuff. (hindawi.com)
  • Impingement of the rotator cuff on the acromion may cause degeneration of the rotator cuff [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The down-curved acromion has been associated with impingement and rotator cuff pathology [ 9 - 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • We present a case of an atraumatic osteoporotic stress fracture at the base of the acromion associated with chronic rotator cuff tear arthropathy. (bmj.com)
  • With this in mind, dysfunction in the UT, either as weakness or hypertonicity, has been implicated in a host of shoulder pathologies and cervical spine syndromes. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • This means that the cervical spine is not taking the load of the UT during shoulder elevation but the SC joint is. (sportsinjurybulletin.com)
  • The cervical spine has a vast range of motion capable of rotation, flexion, extension, and side bending. (gaia.com)
  • As the cervical spine flexes forward, the discs move backward, and as the spine moves backward in extension the disc moves forward. (gaia.com)
  • It is important that we support the cervical spine by allowing weight to rest on the fleshy part of our upper shoulders and back. (gaia.com)
  • The muscle contributes to scapulohumeral rhythm through attachments on the clavicle and scapula , and to head balance through muscular control of the cervical spine. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The therapist then gently and slowly flexes, left side flexes and right rotates the mid and lower cervical spine with the left hand. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Either the pain can be from the shoulder joint, or it can be from the cervical spine or it can be referred pain of any visceral origin, like due to cardiac causes. (ndtv.com)
  • Two hundred twenty-five patients with cervical spine disorders, 90 normal individuals, and 17 patients with cerebrovascular strokes were examined. (ovid.com)
  • The incidence of hyperactive SHR was highest among several neurologic abnormalities in spastic cases with craniovertebral or high cervical lesions, and all cases with hyperactive SHR in the cervical spine disorder group exhibited neural compressive factors at the high cervical region. (ovid.com)
  • The lateral end of the spine is free and forms the acromion , which articulates with the clavicle. (daviddarling.info)
  • If any additional exposure is needed, this can be gained proximally by detaching the deltoid muscle from the scapula, taking an osteoperiosteal flap. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • The glenoid cavity is located on the lateral end of the scapula and forms the socket for the ball-and-socket shoulder joint. (innerbody.com)
  • The shape of the acromion has been graded as curved (concave), flat, hooked, and inverted (convex) [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The scapula connects with the clavicle to form the shoulder or pectoral girdle. (reference.com)
  • The pectoralis minor was elevated from the medial aspect of the coracoid, and the acromioclavicular (AC) ligament was incised at the level of the acromion to allow for adequate stump length to incorporate into the capsular repair. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The serratus ventralis thoracic muscle inserts on the serrated surface of the scapula to draw the scapula backwards and the chest upwards and is innervated by the long thoracic nerve. (petmassage.com)