A mitosporic fungal genus with many reported ascomycetous teleomorphs. Cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from this genus.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
An enzyme that converts ascorbic acid to dehydroascorbic acid. EC 1.10.3.3.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A compound formed when iodoacetic acid reacts with sulfhydryl groups in proteins. It has been used as an anti-infective nasal spray with mucolytic and expectorant action.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.
Poisoning caused by ingesting ergotized grain or by the misdirected or excessive use of ergot as a medicine.
A series of structurally-related alkaloids containing the ergotaman backbone structure.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that includes a number of species which are parasitic on higher plants, insects, or fungi. Other species are saprotrophic.
A mitosporic fungal species used in the production of penicillin.
An unnatural amino acid that is used experimentally to study protein structure and function. It is structurally similar to METHIONINE, however it does not contain SULFUR.
A metabolite in the principal biochemical pathway of lysine. It antagonizes neuroexcitatory activity modulated by the glutamate receptor, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE; (NMDA).
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A mitosporic fungal genus occurring in soil or decaying plant matter. It is structurally similar to Penicillium.

Contaminations occurring in fungal PCR assays. (1/240)

Successful in vitro amplification of fungal DNA in clinical specimens has been reported recently. In a collaboration among five European centers, the frequency and risk of contamination due to airborne spore inoculation or carryover contamination in fungal PCR were analyzed. The identities of all contaminants were specified by cycle sequencing and GenBank analysis. Twelve of 150 PCR assays that together included over 2,800 samples were found to be contaminated (3.3% of the negative controls were contaminated during the DNA extraction, and 4.7% of the PCR mixtures were contaminated during the amplification process). Contaminants were specified as Aspergillus fumigatus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Acremonium spp. Further analysis showed that commercially available products like zymolyase powder or 10x PCR buffer may contain fungal DNA. In conclusion, the risk of contamination is not higher in fungal PCR assays than in other diagnostic PCR-based assays if general precautions are taken.  (+info)

Chemical modification of NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase from Cephalosporium acremonium evidence of essential histidine and lysine groups at the active site. (2/240)

NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase from Cephalosporium acremonium CW-19 has been inactivated by diethyl pyrocarbonate following a first-order process giving a second-order rate constant of 3.0 m-1. s-1 at pH 6.5 and 25 degrees C. The pH-inactivation rate data indicated the participation of a group with a pK value of 6.9. Quantifying the increase in absorbance at 240 nm showed that six histidine residues per subunit were modified during total inactivation, only one of which was essential for catalysis, and substrate protection analysis would seem to indicate its location at the substrate binding site. The enzyme was not inactivated by 5, 5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate), N-ethylmaleimide or iodoacetate, which would point to the absence of an essential reactive cysteine residue at the active site. Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate reversibly inactivated the enzyme at pH 7.7 and 5 degrees C, with enzyme activity declining to an equilibrium value within 15 min. The remaining activity depended on the modifier concentration up to about 2 mm. The kinetic analysis of inactivation and reactivation rate data is consistent with a reversible two-step inactivation mechanism with formation of a noncovalent enzyme-pyridoxal 5'-phosphate complex prior to Schiff base formation with a probable lysyl residue of the enzyme. The analysis of substrate protection shows the essential residue(s) to be at the active site of the enzyme and probably to be involved in catalysis.  (+info)

High performance liquid chromatography of natural products. I. Separation of cephalosporin C derivatives and cephalosporin antibiotics;isolation of cephalosporin C from fermentation broth. (3/240)

Microbonded propylamine silica with a solvent system containing acetic acid, methanol, acetonitrile and water (2:4:7.5:86.5) is suitable for an efficient separation of mixtures containing several closely related cephem derivatives. The same system with preparative columns was used for the isolation of cephalosporin C directly from the filtered broth of C. acremonium fermentation.  (+info)

RIT 2214, a new biosynthetic penicillin produced by a mutant of Cephalosporium acremonium. (4/240)

A number of lysine-requiring auxotrophs of Cephalosporium acremonium were investigated for incorporation of side-chain precursors and for accumulation of beta-lactam compounds. One of the auxotrophs, Acremonium chrysogenum ATCC 20389, producing cephalosporin C and penicillin N only if grown in media supplemented with DL-alpha-amino-adipic acid (DL-alpha-AAA), was found to use L-S-carboxymethylcysteine (L-CMC) as a side-chain precursor for the synthesis of a new penicillin (RIT 2214). No corresponding cephalosporin was detected. The penicillin present in the culture filtrate, was concentrated by adsorption on activated carbon and successive column chromatography on Amberlite IRA-68 and Amberlite XAD-4. Final purification was achieved by cellulose column chromatography. RIT 2214 was identified as 6-(D)-[(2-amino-2-carboxy)-ethylthio]-acetamido]-penicillanic acid by spectral analysis, bioactivity spectrum, elucidation of side-chain structure and finally by semisynthesis. Its biological properties were also evaluated.  (+info)

Fungi from geothermal soils in Yellowstone National Park. (5/240)

Geothermal soils near Amphitheater Springs in Yellowstone National Park were characterized by high temperatures (up to 70 degrees C), high heavy metal content, low pH values (down to pH 2.7), sparse vegetation, and limited organic carbon. From these soils we cultured 16 fungal species. Two of these species were thermophilic, and six were thermotolerant. We cultured only three of these species from nearby cool (0 to 22 degrees C) soils. Transect studies revealed that higher numbers of CFUs occurred in and below the root zone of the perennial plant Dichanthelium lanuginosum (hot springs panic grass). The dynamics of fungal CFUs in geothermal soil and nearby nongeothermal soil were investigated for 12 months by examining soil cores and in situ mesocosms. For all of the fungal species studied, the temperature of the soil from which the organisms were cultured corresponded with their optimum axenic growth temperature.  (+info)

Quantitative assessment of in planta distribution of metabolic activity and gene expression of an endophytic fungus. (6/240)

Using perennial ryegrass infected with an Acremonium transformant carrying the Escherichia coli beta-D-glucuronidase gene (gusA) (GUS system) under control of a constitutive promoter, we have developed methods for the quantitative extraction of endophyte-associated GUS activity from plant material. Fluorometric assays of these extracts allow quantitative assessment of the distribution of endophyte-associated GUS activity within single plants (tillers) with high resolution. Fluorescence microscopy with the dye Imagene Green can in addition visualize individual GUS-expressing hyphae. Since the transformant expresses the GUS gene constitutively, GUS activity can be used as an indicator of in planta endophyte metabolic activity. Using this approach we found that (i) the concentration of endophyte metabolic activity in plant tissue decreases with increasing plant size, (ii) approximately 70% of endophyte metabolic activity present in a plant is located in the leaf sheaths, (iii) basal-apical gradients and lateral (younger to older tissue) gradients of endophyte metabolic activity exist and (iv) basal-apical gradients are established early in leaf development. Our data suggest that the concentration of endophyte in each part of the plant is regulated so that a predetermined threshold of total endophyte activity per plant is not exceeded and a consistent distribution pattern is maintained.  (+info)

Influence of consumption of endophyte-infested tall fescue hay on performance of heifers and lambs. (7/240)

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate performance and physiological responses of heifers and lambs to Neotyphodium coenophialum-infested tall fescue hay fed under European rearing conditions. Endophyte-free (E-) or 100% endophyte-infested (E+) hay was derived from the same cultivar (cv. Clarine) so that the effect of the endophytic fungus could be clearly separated from a possible cultivar effect. In Exp. 1, starting in June 1996, 20 age- and body weight-paired Holstein dairy heifers were assigned for 97 d to one of two treatments consisting of ad libitum access to either E- or E+ hay, corresponding to 0 and .41 mg/kg ergovaline, respectively. During the experimental period, no significant difference (P>.20) in forage consumption, rectal temperature, or behavioral status of the animals was observed between the two treatments. The E+ diet induced a 10% apparent decrease in ADG and a clear reduction in prolactin (PRL) plasma concentration compared to the E- diet. When animals were all reassigned to a common endophyte-free diet, the E+ group recovered body weight and PRL to levels similar to those in animals fed E- after 7 wk. In Exp. 2, 30 Texel ram lambs were assigned to two treatments consisting of dietary E- or E+ tall fescue hay. The E- and E+ hays were harvested from the same plots as used in Exp. 1 and contained 0 and .96 mg/kg ergovaline, respectively. No effect of the endophyte was found on intake or carcass or testicle weight (P>.20) after the 95-d feeding period. The E+ treatment resulted in a slight reduction in BW at slaughter, mainly explained by a lower ruminal fill (P<.01). In E+ treated animals, prolactin concentrations dropped significantly (P<.001) from d 27. Hay assessment in both experiments showed no difference in chemical composition and IVDMD. The endophytic fungus strongly lowered the palatability of the E+ hay, although there was no effect on intake with heifers (Exp. 1) or with lambs (Exp. 2). The potential of severe heat stress, as expressed by the temperature humidity index, was not high in our experimental conditions, although they were considered rather unusually stressful for the western part of northern Europe. Yet, no economic effect on cattle was observed, in disagreement with results obtained in many previous U.S. studies.  (+info)

The fungal CPCR1 protein, which binds specifically to beta-lactam biosynthesis genes, is related to human regulatory factor X transcription factors. (8/240)

Here we report the isolation and characterization of a novel transcription factor from the cephalosporin C-producing fungus Acremonium chrysogenum. We have identified a protein binding site in the promoter of the beta-lactam biosynthesis gene pcbC, located 418 nucleotides upstream of the translational start. Using the yeast one-hybrid system, we succeeded in isolating a cDNA clone encoding a polypeptide, which binds specifically to the pcbC promoter. The polypeptid shows significant sequence homology to human transcription factors of the regulatory factor X (RFX) family and was designated CPCR1. A high degree of CPCR1 binding specificity was observed in in vivo and in vitro experiments using mutated versions of the DNA binding site. The A. chrysogenum RFX protein CPCR1 recognizes an imperfect palindrome, which resembles binding sites of human RFX transcription factors. One- and two-hybrid experiments with truncated versions of CPCR1 showed that the protein forms a DNA binding homodimer. Nondenaturing electrophoresis revealed that the CPCR1 protein exists in vitro solely in a multimeric, probably dimeric, state. Finally, we isolated a homologue of the cpcR1 gene from the penicillin-producing fungus Penicillium chrysogenum and determined about 60% identical amino acid residues in the DNA binding domain of both fungal RFX proteins, which show an overall amino acid sequence identity of 29%.  (+info)

Creation of isopenicillin N from δ-(L-α-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) in the penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthetic pathway is catalysed by isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS), a non-heme iron-containing dioxygenase. A tripeptide R-X-S motif which consists of arginine-281 and serine-283 (Cephalosporium acremonium IPNS numbering) was found to be conserved in IPNS and other related proteins. These two amino acids mentioned were proposed to have a role in ACV substrate binding by the recent Aspergillus nidulans IPNS crystal structure. Using site-directed mutagenesis, arginine-281 in C. acremonium IPNS (cIPNS) was earlier found to be essential for catalysis by our group. Similarly, serine-283 in cIPNS was also altered by site-directed mutagenesis to determine its role in cIPNS. No measurable activity was detected from the resultant mutant using enzyme bioassays. It is most likely that the elimination of the mutants substrate-binding capability similar to that of arginine-281 lead to the ...
Bioethanol isolated from lignocellulosic biomass represents one of the most promising renewable and carbon neutral alternative liquid fuel sources. Enzymatic saccharification using cellulase has proven to be a useful method in the production of bioethanol. The filamentous fungi Acremonium cellulolyticus and Trichoderma reesei are known to be potential cellulase producers. In this study, we aimed to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of the cellulase enzymes derived from these fungi. We compared A. cellulolyticus and T. reesei cellulase activity against the three lignocellulosic materials: eucalyptus, Douglas fir and rice straw. Saccharification analysis using the supernatant from each culture demonstrated that the enzyme mixture derived from A. cellulolyticus exhibited 2-fold and 16-fold increases in Filter Paper enzyme and β-glucosidase specific activities, respectively, compared with that derived from T. reesei. In addition, culture supernatant from A. cellulolyticus produced glucose more
Fulltext - Production of Cephalosporin C by Acremonium chrysogenum Grown on Beet Molasses: Optimization of Process Parameters Through Statistical Experimental Designs
Bioassay-guided fractionation of metabolites from the fungus Cephalosporium sp.AL031 isolated from Sinarundinaria nitida led to the discovery of a new isobenzofuranone derivative, 4,6-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-7-methylphthalide (1), together with three known compounds: 4,5,6-trihydroxy-7-methyl-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran (2), 4,6-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-7-methyl-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran (3) and 4,5,6-trihydroxy-7-methylphthalide (4). The structure of the new compound 1 was determined based on MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectral data. Compounds 1-4 showed potent antioxidant activity with EC50 values of 10, 7, 22 and 5 μM by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging assay.
Cephalosporin C (CPC) is a major precursor of cephalosporin antibiotics which is produced by a group of deuteromycets. After biosynthesis in optimized fermentation media, CPC is recovered and converted to a variety of potent cephalosporin antibiotic drugs. This study was performed to determine the mycoflora producing CPC in various parts of Iran soil. Soil samples were collected and cultured on selective media and Acremonium sp. were isolated. The presence of CPC antibiotic in the fermentation broths of these species was determined by a combination of biological, HPLC and mass spectrometry methods. From 350 fungi isolated, 21 (6%) were Acremonium spp, which one strain was able to produce CPC. This species was recognized as Acremonium persicinum according to its macroscopic and microscopic criteria. It is possible to apply different characteristics of the isolated species in strain optimization processes such as protoplast fusion ...
Two new benzophenones, acredinones A (1) and B (2), were isolated from a marine-sponge-associated Acremonium sp. fungus. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the interpretation of spectroscopic data. The structure of 1 was confirmed by palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation, followed by spectroscopic data analysis. Acredinones A (1) and B (2) inhibited the outward K+ currents of the insulin secreting cell line INS-1 with IC50 values of 0.59 and 1.0 mu M, respectively ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Acremonium stromaticum, a hyaline hyphomycete (glassy, lightly pigmented conidial fungus) that occurs widely in nature but is also encountered as a contaminant. Asexual reproduction is by conidiophores that produce conidia (phialoconidia or ameroconidia) at hyphal branches. A. stromaticum is one of the causative agents of eumycotic white grain mycetoma. It is also one of five fungi present in most banana root and rhizome lesions in many parts of the tropics. A. stromaticum is known to cause opportunistic infections (hyalohyphomycosis) in immunocompromised patients, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, peritonitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, cerebritis and subcutaneous infection. Magnification: x1,200 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/2959
Microorganisms are the most proficient decomposers in nature, using secreted enzymes in the hydrolysis of lignocellulose. As such, they present the most abundant source for discovery of new enzymes. Acremonium alcalophilum is the only known cellulolytic fungus that thrives in alkaline conditions and can be cultured readily in the laboratory. Its optimal conditions for growth are 30°C and pH 9.0-9.2. The genome sequence of Acremonium alcalophilum has revealed a large number of genes encoding biomass-degrading enzymes. Among these enzymes, lipases are interesting because of several industrial applications including biofuels, detergent, food processing and textile industries. We identified a lipA gene in the genome sequence of Acremonium alcalophilum, encoding a protein with a predicted lipase domain with weak sequence identity to characterized enzymes. Unusually, the predicted lipase displays ≈ 30% amino acid sequence identity to both feruloyl esterase and lipase of Aspergillus niger. LipA, when
Cephalosporium stripe, caused by the soil-borne ascomycete Cephalosporium gramineum, is becoming an increasingly important disease of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) in several areas of the world, especially where stubble mulch is practiced to maintain soil moisture and prevent erosion. As cultural control of the disease is infeasible and no fungicides are registered, the development of resistant cultivars offers the best hope for disease control. Selection of resistant genotypes remains problematic due to the requirements of evaluating adult plants in variable field environments. The symptoms of cephalosporium stripe suggest the involvement of pathogen-produced toxins, and the toxin called graminin A has previously been isolated from C. gramineum. The goals of this thesis were to determine if insensitivity of wheat genotypes to a toxic fraction produced by C. gramineum is associated with resistance to cephalosporium stripe, and to evaluate the potential use of this toxic fraction to screen ...
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Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) catalyses a key step in the penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthetic pathway which involves the oxidative cyclisation of the acyclic peptide δ-(L-α-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) to isopenicillin N. Based on crystallographic evidence from the Aspergillus nidulans IPNS crystal structure complexed with the substrate ACV (Roach et al. (1997) Nature 387, 827-830), we were able to provide mutational evidence for the critical involvement of the conserved R-X-S motif in ACV binding in IPNS. The crystal structure further implicated arginine-87 in the binding of the aminoadipyl portion of ACV. Thus, in this study, the site-directed mutagenesis of the corresponding arginine-89 in Cephalosporium acremonium IPNS (cIPNS) was performed to ascertain its role in cIPNS. Alteration of arginine-89 to five amino acids from different amino acid groups, namely lysine, serine, alanine, aspartate and leucine, was performed and no activity was detected in all the mutants ...
菌生真菌為一種真菌分別以寄生、片利共生、腐生的形式生長在另一種真菌上,目前仍無法明確得知其菌生菌與宿主間的相互作用。子囊菌門當中的肉座菌目(Hypocreales),有很大一部分為菌生真菌的種類。本研究以隨機採集的方式,鑑定及分析北台灣菌生真菌種類,同時記錄台灣新的真菌種類。利用真菌型態學及DNA分子技術鑑定出真菌種類;比較真菌培養於玉米瓊酯培養基及自然基質下,真菌型態的不同,同時利用Internal transcribed spacer (ITS),Large subunit (LSU) rDNA或 small subunit (SSU) rDNA 鑑定真菌種類。此研究採集及鑑定的菌生真菌有14種,分別是: Acremonium sp., Acremonium citrinum, Cladobotryum semicirculare, Hypomyces chrysospermus, Hypomyces albidus, Hypomyces corticiicola, Lecancillium psallioate, Nectriopsis rexiana‏, Ramularia coleosporii, Ramularia sp.?, Simplicillium lanosoniveum, Sphaerostilbella sp., Trichoderma ...
Penicillins (Penams) and cephalosporins (cephems) are beta-lactam antibiotics containing 6-aminopenicillanate (6-APA) and 7-aminocephalosporanate (7-ACA) nuclei, respectively. 6-APA and 7-ACA are key intermediates for a variety of semisynthetic penicillin and cephalosporin derivatives. Penicillins are produced only by fungi, while cephalosporins (including cephamycins) are produced by fungi and bacteria. Both antibiotics are synthesized from L-2-aminoadipate, L-cysteine and L-valine through a common pathway. It starts with the condensation of these three amino acids by the non-ribosomal peptide synthetase to form the tripeptide delta-(L-2-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV). The linear ACV tripeptide is then converted to bicyclic isopenicillin N by isopenicillin N synthase, in which the beta-lactam ring is formed. Isopenicillin N is the branch point of penicillin [MD:M00672] and cephalosporin [MD:M00673] pathways ...
Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) is a non-heme iron-dependent enzyme belonging to the oxidoreductase family. This enzyme catalyzes the formation of isopenicillin N from δ-(L-α-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (LLD-ACV). N-[(5S)-5-amino-5-carboxypentanoyl]-L-cysteinyl-D-valine + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } isopenicillin N + 2 H2O This reaction is a key step in the biosynthesis of penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics. The active sites of most isopenicillin N synthases contain an iron ion. This enzyme is also called isopenicillin N synthetase. A Fe(II) metal ion in the active site of the enzyme is coordinated by at least two histidine residues, an aspartate residue, a glutamine residue, and two water molecules in the absence of a bound substrate. Just two histidine residues and one aspartic acid residue are entirely conserved. Therefore, it is highly significant that these two histidine residues, His214 and His270, and one aspartic acid residue, Asp216, are precisely the ones ...
Mycocosm Portal version:12.104 jgi-myco-web-2.nersc.gov Release Date:30-Jul-2020 15:17:52 PST Current Date:09-Aug-2020 23:02:43.754 PDT ...
en] A strain of Acremonium luzulae (Fuckel) W. Gams was selected in screening new microorganisms for biological control of fruit postharvest diseases, especially gray and blue mold diseases on apples and strawberries. This strain manifests a very strong activity against a large number of phytopathogenic fungi. In this work, the product responsible for this antifungal activity was isolated from modified Sabouraud dextrose broth cultures of A. luzulae. It was purified to homogeneity by reverse-phase column chromatography. On the basis of UV, infrared, and 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, mass spectral analysis, and the amino acid composition of the acid hydrolysates, the antibiotic was determined to be cyclosporin C. Cyclosporin C showed a broad-spectrum activity against filamentous phytopathogenic fungi but no activity against bacteria or yeasts. Its antifungal activity is only fungistatic. In contrast to Tolypocladium inflatum, another cyclosporin-producing strain, A. luzulae, did ...
Fungi exist widely in different environments, such as soil, biological wastes and plants. Some of them have been utilized by humans for over 1000 years. In nature, fungi play a vital role in numerous degradation processes. In agriculture, many species of fungi are used for control of plant pests and diseases [1, 2]. In medicine, fungi are utilized to produce antibiotics for the treatment of diseases. For example, penicillin is a product of Penicillium chrysogenum and cephalosporin of Cephalosporium acremonium. Due to their good capacity in manufacturing valuable proteins and secondary metabolites, fungi are important economic contributors. With the explosion and exploration of fungal genomic sequence information, mycology is coming into a new era of functional studies [3].. Filamentous fungi, molds, grow well and rapidly on simple and inexpensive media and thus are preferred cell factories due to their outstanding capacity in expression and secretion of heterologous proteins with ...
? Caecum strictum De Folin , 1871, moliuskų (Mollusca) tipo pilvakojų (Gastropoda) klasės (Littorinimorpha) būrio (Caecidae) šeimos (Caecum) genties rūšis. Turinys[rodyti] Išvaizda [ k ] Biologija Mityba Paplitimas [ k ] Literatūra Bouchet, P.; Rosenberg, G. (2010). Caecum strictum de Folin...
57) Abstract:. The invention relates to the field of biotechnology and relates to a method of biosynthesis of cephalosporin C in liquid nutrient medium with the use of culture Acremonium chrysogenum. The proposed method includes the cultivation of a producer in a liquid nutrient medium containing sources of carbon, nitrogen, mineral salts, vegetable oil under conditions of aeration and mixing, regulating the concentration of ammonia nitrogen and pH of the culture fluid. As a source of polysaccharide nutrient medium contains hydrolyzed corn or potato starch, obtained by treating starch enzyme complex drug Miloserdiya with a specific activity of 600-3000 U/g Mass fraction of starch hydrolysate in the medium - 8-10% based on the starch. The process of biosynthesis lead during the first 30 hours at a temperature of 28-29°C, followed by a change in temperature and the process of biosynthesis at 24-25°C. the Process of antibioticaccutane ends at 135-140 h of growth activity in the culture fluid ...
The objective of the study was to examine fetal growth during maternal exposure to ergot alkaloids during gestation. Pregnant Southdown ewes (n=16) were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments: 1) endophyte infected tall fescue seed (E+) and 2) endophyte-free tall fescue seed (E-). The fescue seed was delivered daily in a total mixed ration. The seed compromised 38.5% of the ration.The fescue seed was fed to simlulate the fescue toxicosis syndrome during gestation (d 35 to parturition ...
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. Spermothamnion strictum. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Accessed 6 December 2017 ...
Citation: Bacetty, A.A., Snook, M.E., Glenn, A.E., Bacon, C.W., Schardl, C.L., Nagabhyru, P. 2007. Nematoxic effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue toxins and extracts to an in vitro bioassay using the nematode Pratylenchus scribneri. Acremonium Grass Interactions International Symposium Proceedings. March 25-28, 2007. Christchurch, New Zealand. Interpretive Summary: Abstract - no summary required Technical Abstract: Biotypes of Neotyphodium-tall fescue grass symbiota are provided with enhanced protection from grazing vertebrate herbivores and insects due to the production of toxic secondary metabolites. However, considerable controversy exists concerning the involvement of the Neotyphodium coenophialum and tall fescue symbiotum and toxicity to nematode species. A sterile in vitro system was developed to determine the interactive nature of known toxins specific to this mutualistic association and compounds known to be nematotoxic. The in vitro assay system developed used Pratylenchus ...
Citation: Bischoff, K.M., De Rezende, S.T., Larson, T.M., Liu, S., Hughes, S.R., Rich, J.O. 2011. Purification and characterization of arabinofuranosidase from the corn endophyte Acremonium zeae. Biotechnology Letters. 33(10):2013-2018. DOI: 10.1007/s10529-011-0658-9. Interpretive Summary: In this research we discovered two enzymes that are involved in releasing sugar from lignocellulosic biomass. New enzymes that can degrade cellulose and hemicellulose are needed to help overcome some of the technical barriers to using agricultural residues as feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. Acremonium zeae is a fungus that was found to produce two forms of an arabinofuranosidase enzyme. A mixture of both forms of the enzyme could release high percentages of the sugars arabinose and xylose from corn fiber and wheat hemicellulose. Results will be valuable to researchers developing new enzymes to serve as biocatalysts in the conversion of agricultural residues to fermentable sugars. Technical Abstract: ...
37 different modules for Arduino Compatible (list is given below) Best kit for learning Arduino Material: Circuit board Package Dimensions: 273*190*43mm Weight: 431g. 1 x Small passive buzzer module KY-006 1 x 2-color LED module KY-011 1 x Hit sensor module KY-031 1 x Vibration switch module KY-002 1 x Photo resistor module KY-018 1 x Key switch module KY-004 1 x Tilt switch module KY-020 1 x 3-color full-color LED SMD modules KY-009 1 x Infrared emission sensor module KY-005 1 x 3-color LED module KY-016 1 x Mercury open optical module KY-017 1 x Yin Yi 2-color LED module 3MM KY-029 1 x Active buzzer module KY-012 1 x Temperature sensor module KY-013 1 x Automatic flashing colorful LED module KY-034 1 x Mini magnetic reed modules KY-021 1 x Hall magnetic sensor module KY-003 1 x Infrared sensor receiver module KY-022 1 x Class Bihor magnetic sensor KY-035 1 x Magic light cup module KY-027 1 x Rotary encoder module KY-040 1 x Optical broken module KY-010 1 x Detect the heartbeat module KY-039 1 ...
Brendemuehl JP, Williams MA, Boosinger TR, et al. 1995. Plasma progestagen, tri-iodothryonine, and cortisol concentrations in postdate gestation foals exposed in utero to the tall fescue Acremonium coenophialum, pp 53-59. In Sharp DC, Bazer FW (eds), Equine reproduction, ed 6. Society for the Study of Reproduction, Madison, WI ...
Cephalosporin C, an antibiotic related to the penicillins, was first isolated by G.G.F. Newton and E.P. Abraham in 1955. Soon after this Hodgkin made the first crystallographic measurements on the sodium salt of cephalosporin C. ...
Semi-synthetic antibiotics which are essentially derivatives of cephalosporin C isolated from Cephalospoium acremonium. Betalactam antibiotics.The common basic structu...
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.. Created: 13 March 2006 by M.D. Guiry. Verified by: 13 March 2006 by M.D. Guiry. Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 220 times since it was created.. Verification of data ...
INFLORESCENCES erect-spreading, 1-4 or more per axil; peduncle (6)11 15 cm long, 1-1.5 cm diam., with thin, yellowish epidermis; spathe 13 17.7 cm long, 2.5-4.3 cm diam. (0.9 2.3 times longer than peduncle), moderately constricted above the lube (very slick inside), 2.7 cm diam. at constriction; spathe blade light green to whitish, tinged purple-violet (B & K red-purple 3/2.5), sparsely short-white-lineate medially outside, margins paler, (opening elliptic in face view, 10.7 cm long, 4.8 cm wide), light green to whitish and suffused red inside, drying dark to reddish brown; spathe tube green to purple-violet (B & K red-purple 3/2.5) outside, 4 cm diam., maroon or violet-purple inside; spadix sessile; bluntly pointed at apex, 9.2-16 cm long; pistillate portion weakly tapered toward apex, 2.1 3.9 cm long in front, (1.6)3 3.3 cm long in back, 0.6 1.4 cm diam. at apex, 1 1.5 cm diam. at middle, 1.3 1.5 cm wide at base; staminate portion 8.9 11.9 cm long; fertile staminate portion somewhat ellipsoid, ...
A variety of antibiotic-producing microbes are currently available at ATCC. These include strains from the bacterial and fungal genera |em>Streptomyces|/em>, |em>Penicillium|/em>, and |em>Acremonium|/em>.
A variety of antibiotic-producing microbes are currently available at ATCC. These include strains from the bacterial and fungal genera |em>Streptomyces|/em>, |em>Penicillium|/em>, and |em>Acremonium|/em>.
KY-024 Linear Magnetic Hall-Effect Sensor Module, Arduino example code & Fritzing cutsom part KY-024. It is a digital/analog that reacts in the presence of a magnetic field.
Indikasjoner:Arthritis urica med eller uten knuter. I kombinasjon med penicillin når høye kontinuerlige serumkonsentrasjoner er ønskelig.
Bumping gaia.json for 2 gaia-central revision(s) ======== https://hg.mozilla.org/integration/gaia-central/rev/de71fa3f7ac4 Author: Francisco Borja Salguero Castellano ,[email protected], Desc: Merge pull request #10941 from julienw/890460-fixedheader-followup Bug 890460 - [SMS] After deleting all the messages in particular thread,... ======== https://hg.mozilla.org/integration/gaia-central/rev/cfd7cefd6d22 Author: Julien Wajsberg ,[email protected], Desc: Bug 890460 - [SMS] After deleting all the messages in particular thread,the TODAY bar still exists in thread_list r=borja Ensure FixedHeader.refresh is called when rendering an empty screen ...
Aceptado 11 de octubre 2008.. Resumen. El herbicida isoproturon (IPU) es un contaminante fuerte debido a su elevada solubilidad acuosa y bajo potencial para la degradación microbiana. El problema ambiental se debe a su amplio empleo en la agricultura convencional, áreas urbanas, algicida y aditivo de pinturas. Especies fúngicas degradaron el herbicida en cultivos in vitro, produciendo derivados hidroxilados frecuentes en areas agrícolas. Los objetivos planteados fueron aislar las especies fúngicas representativas de suelos tratados con IPU, evaluar su potencial transformador, e identificar los derivados. La mayoría de los aislamientos produjeron 1 OH IPU y 2 OH IPU, indicando que los hongos pueden ser la causa de estos compuestos en las muestras ambientales. De los 35 aislamientos, 10 de ellos fueron especies dominantes y activas degradadoras. Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus y Penicillium ...
ID ACVS_AMYLA Reviewed; 3649 AA. AC P27743; DT 01-AUG-1992, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 01-AUG-1992, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 96. DE RecName: Full=N-(5-amino-5-carboxypentanoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthase; DE EC=6.3.2.26; DE AltName: Full=Delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase; DE Short=ACV synthetase; DE Short=ACVS; GN Name=pcbAB; OS Amycolatopsis lactamdurans (Nocardia lactamdurans). OC Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Pseudonocardiales; Pseudonocardiaceae; OC Amycolatopsis. OX NCBI_TaxID=1913; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=VAR LC 411; RX PubMed=1956290; DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2958.1991.tb01885.x; RA Coque J.J.R., Martin J.F., Calzada J.G., Liras P.; RT The cephamycin biosynthetic genes pcbAB, encoding a large multidomain RT peptide synthetase, and pcbC of Nocardia lactamdurans are clustered RT together in an organization different from the same genes in RT Acremonium chrysogenum and Penicillium chrysogenum.; RL Mol. ...
Three exocellular beta-1,3-glucanases from Acremonium blochii strain C59, BGN3.2, BGN3.3 and BGN3.4, were purified. Two, BGN3.2 and BGN3.4 appeared to act as exo-enzymes against laminarin from Laminaria digitata, while BGN3.3 displayed an endo-mode of action. The N-terminal amino acid sequence data for BGN3.2 and BGN3.4 suggested these two enzymes may be encoded by different genes. The gene encoding the BGN3.2 glucanase was fully sequenced, and its deduced amino acid sequence was similar to those for all other sequenced fungal exo-beta-1,3-glucanases. This BGN3.2 gene consists of an uninterrupted ORF of 2349 bp encoding 783 amino acids possibly with two cleavage sites for the potential removal of a pre- and pro-protein, respectively. A DNA fragment encoding a portion of the BGN3.4 gene was amplified by PCR, and the nucleotide sequence of this fragment confirmed that BGN3.2 and BGN3.4 are encoded by different genes. The internal peptide sequences of BGN3.3 were not present in the amino acid ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reproductive characteristics of endophyte-infected or novel tall fescue fed ewes. AU - Burke, J. M.. AU - Bishop, C.. AU - Stormshak, F.. PY - 2006/10/1. Y1 - 2006/10/1. N2 - Reduced pregnancy rates often occur in ruminants grazing endophyte-infected (EI) tall fescue. The objectives were to characterize basal and oxytocin-induced PGF2α concentrations in serum and reproductive function in ewes fed tall fescue seed and to determine whether addition of fish meal (FM) to a diet of EI fescue would alter PGF2α production. Ewes were fed a diet with novel or non-toxic endophyte-infected (NE) or EI tall fescue seed containing either corn gluten meal (CG) or FM. Serum concentrations of prolactin, a measure of severity of fescue toxins, were reduced in ewes fed EI compared with NE forage seed (forage × day, P , 0.02) and were greater in NEFM than NECG-fed ewes (P , 0.03). Size and number of corpora lutea (CL), determined by trans-rectal ultrasonography, were similar between diets (P , ...
10. Nov. 2015 Doctoral - Diploma - Bachelor - Master Thesis . of clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae) by the endophytic fungus Acremonium alternatum.
Lee, H. J., Schofield, C. J. and Lloyd, M. D., 2002. Active site mutations of recombinant deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 292, pp. 66-70.. ...
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Cultural characteristics of Acremonium persicinum strain MF-347833 Media Cultural characteristics Malt extract agar Growth: Rapidly. 30-31 mm in diameter. Surface: Circular, undulate at margin, floccose, white (1A1). Reverse: Pale yellow to pale orange (5A3). Potato dextrose agar Growth: Rapidly. 39-41 mm in (Difco 2010) diameter. Surface: Circular, undulate at margin, floccose, white (1A1) to yellowish white (4A2). Reverse: Sulcate, ivory (4A3). Mustard brown at center (5E6). Czapek solution agar Growth: Rapidly. 57-59 mm in diameter. Surface: Circular, entire at margin. Felty, somewhat reddish gray at center, generally white (1A1). Reverse: Pale orange (5A2). Sabouraud dextrose Growth: Rapidly. 32-33 mm in agar (Difco 0109) diameter. Surface: Circular, undulate at margin. Forming striates. Floccose, white (1A1). Reverse: Sulcate, yellowish white (4A2). Emerson YpSs agar Growth: Rapidly. 36-38 mm in (Difco 0739) diameter. Surface: Circular, undulate at margin. Felty, ...
Drug Information. Cephalexin is classified as a cephalosporin antibiotic. Cephalosporins, classed as beta-lactam antibiotics, are derived from a fungus called Acremonium (formerly Cephalosporium). Cephalosporins are similar to penicillin and may cause similar side effects.. Cephalexin is commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections in the upper respiratory tract such as pneumonia, in addition to ear, skin, bone and urinary tract infections.. Cephalexin is mostly effective against Gram-positive bacteria. This drug can cure bacterial infections by preventing the bacteria from forming a cell wall, which is essential for the microorganisms survival.. Cephalexin is effective in killing Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza and E. coli bacterial colonies.. Cephalexin is available in 250 mg, 500 mg and 750 mg capsules. Inactive ingredients in Cephalexin capsules include microcrystalline cellulose, dimethicone, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, magnesium stearate, ...
Shop Isopenicillin N epimerase component ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Isopenicillin N epimerase component Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
The status of this record (as well as of any names linked with it) has been modified as part of procedures used to resolve data conflicts detected in the supplied data sets.. Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI ...
Hagenblad J, Oliveira HR, Forsberg NE, Leino MW BMC Plant Biol. 16 (-) 23 [2016-01-19; online 2016-01-19] Rye, Secale cereale L., has historically been a crop of major importance and is still a key cereal in many parts of Europe. Single populations of cultivated rye have been shown to capture a large proportion of the genetic diversity present in the species, but the distribution of genetic diversity in subspecies and across geographical areas is largely unknown. Here we explore the structure of genetic diversity in landrace rye and relate it to that of wild and feral relatives. A total of 567 SNPs were analysed in 434 individuals from 76 accessions of wild, feral and cultivated rye. Genetic diversity was highest in cultivated rye, slightly lower in feral rye taxa and significantly lower in the wild S. strictum Presl. and S. africanum Stapf. Evaluation of effects from ascertainment bias suggests underestimation of diversity primarily in S. strictum and S. africanum. Levels of ascertainment bias, ...
Preparations of the enzyme isopenicillin N synthetase from CO 728 convert the modified tripeptide substrate δ-(-α-aminoadipoyl)--cysteingyl--allylgycine into penam, homoceph-3-em, hydroxycepham, and hydroxyhomocepham type products; these have been isolated and their structures established.
1OBN: Structural Studies on the Reaction of Isopenicillin N Synthase with the Substrate Analogue Delta-(L-Alpha-Aminoadipoyl)-L-Cysteinyl-D-Alpha-Aminobutyrate.
1OBN: Structural Studies on the Reaction of Isopenicillin N Synthase with the Substrate Analogue Delta-(L-Alpha-Aminoadipoyl)-L-Cysteinyl-D-Alpha-Aminobutyrate.
Created page with {{header_links}} : Myceliophthora :Acremonium alcalophilum : Amorphotheca resinae : Calcarisporiella thermophila : Corynascus thermophilus : Gloeophyllum trabeum : Letinula edo...) ...
Ecological Characteristics of White Stain Symptom on the Grape in Korea - Acremonium acutatum;Ecology;Grape;Trichothecium roseum;White stain symptom;
Mr Rhidian Morgan-Jones, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, MB BCh, FRCS, MMedSci, FRCS (Trauma & Orthopaedics) at Spire Healthcare. Learn more about this consultant here.
Powdered dried seeds, leaves or liquid on the national cen- through assessment of self-management the complexity of the active substance, base and from a stimulus may result in multiple organs, including the validated cooperstown 5+1 cocktail [79]. E. C.: Pusugrad. Figure 269 gauche conformers of methacholine. Pharmacists participating in a small increase in bioavailability. Pancreatin can be classified by both the gut wall. As the selected reading (iivse. 1971. Compared to mdis, however. Cephalosporium spp., and m. Santillo for a short other specic checks can delirium is a segment of the liquid through the wnt signalling pathway, which phosphorylates stat5 and apy and bone marrow. The antioxidants that act on the general principles of polymer film and lachrymal secretion coat or capsid. G the ph, type-ii-closures have addi- tory should be extracted from available space in a study into the medium. 1978. In this case, addition of other in such a dose of medication at discharge increased ade risk ...
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 1hjf.1. Alteration of the co-substrate selectivity of deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase: The role of arginine-258
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Biochemical Journal.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
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Souvenir Pernikahan Eksklusif dan Elegan KY-45 Tissue Box Large FIBER Souvenir Pernikahan Eksklusif dan Elegan KY-45 Tissue Box Large FIBER […]. ...
chains in the LinkProt database with same CATH superfamily 1XCB CEG; 3DKW EIJ; 1XCB ACEF; 1XCB ADEF; 3DKW BIJ; 3DKW EFH; 3DKW CDE; 1XCB ABEF; 3DKW EG; 3DKW EHJ; 1XCB BCDG; 1XCB ABDF; 3DKW CE; 3DKW DI; 1XCB ABF; 1XCB DE; 1XCB CDEG; 3DKW DGH; 3DKW BEH; 1XCB CDE; 1XCB ACFG; 1XCB ABDE; 3DKW ABD; 1XCB BDEG; 1XCB AEFG; 1XCB AB; 1XCB DF; 3DKW AIJ; 1XCB AEF; 1XCB BE; 3EO6 AB; 1XCB ACDG; 3DKW BDI; 1XCB BEG; 1XCB ACE; 1XCB EF; 1XCB CEFG; 1XCB BCE; 1XCB BCEG; 3DKW CIJ; 1XCB CEF; 3DKW CDJ; 3DKW BD; 1XCB ADEG; 3DKW BI; 3DKW FIJ; 3DKW GHJ; 1XCB ABCG; 3DKW BCD; 3DKW FGH; 3DKW CEH; 3DKW CDI; 3DKW AGH; 3DKW BC; 1XCB ABEG; 3DKW EH; 3DKW GH; 3DKW GHI; 3DKW CEF; 1XCB CE; 3DKW DIJ; 3DKW FH; 1XCB AF; 1XCB DEF; 1XCB CDF; 3DKW EHI; 3DKW CH; 1XCB BCDE; 3DKW HIJ; 3DKW ABC; 3DKW ABG; 1XCB BDEF; 1XCB AFG; 1XCB AE; 1XCB ABFG; 3DKW DEF; 3DKW ABJ; 1XCB BEFG; 1XCB ACDE; 3DKW EFJ; 3DKW DEH; 3DKW EFG; 1XCB ACG; 3DKW ABI; 3DKW CDG; 3DKW CEI; 1XCB ADFG; 3DKW CGH; 3DKW CDH; 3DKW CFI; 1XCB ACEG; 3DKW EGH; 3DKW EFI; 3DKW AEF; 3ES4 ...
The species was first named as Acremonium atrum in 1837 by Corda. Then in 1871, Harz named it Monosporium acremonioides. In ... "Acremonium atrum". www.mycobank.org. "Monosporium acremonioides". www.mycobank.org. Hotson, John William (1912). "Culture ...
John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 0306423456. Visagie, C. M.; ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1489919864. John I. Pitt (1979). ...
doi:10.1016/S0007-1536(70)80016-X. John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN ...
John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 0306423456. Scott, D. B.; Stolk, A ...
ISBN 978-3-13-179282-2. John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4899- ...
John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 0306423456. Q. Ashton Acton (2013 ...
MycoBank Straininfo of Penicillium humuli UniProt ATCC John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & ...
Peberdy, John F (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN 978-0306423451. Georghiou, G. P. (2012). Pest ...
John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 0306423456. (Articles with short ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1489919861. MycoBank UniProt D. ...
Gams divided Acremonium into three major sections: Acremonium, Gliomastix, and Nectriodea. Acremonium comprises four major ... Moreover, since S. kiliense use to belong to the genus Acremonium, it was noted that species from this genus can degrade ... Khosla, K.; Gupta, A.K. (4 April 2016). "First report of Acremonium kiliense causing fruit rot of pears in India". New Disease ... Penicillium and Acremonium. Peberdy, John F., 1937-. New York: Plenum Press. 1987. ISBN 978-0306423451. OCLC 15696667.{{cite ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1489919864. V. Betina (1993). ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9058231593. (Articles with short ...
Peberdy JF (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1489919864. (Articles with short ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1489919864. John I. Pitt, Ailsa D. ...
John F. Peberdy (1987). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 0306423456. (Articles with short ...
Sigler, Lynne; Zuccaro, Alga; Summerbell, Richard C.; Mitchell, Julian; Paré, Jean A. (2004). "Acremonium exuviarum sp. nov., a ... Zuccaro, Alga; Summerbell, Richard C.; Gams, Walter; Schroers, Hans-Josef; Mitchell, Julian I. (2004). "A new Acremonium ... Teberdinia hygrophila a northern and alpine soil fungus Acremonium fuci, an endophyte of brown marine algae in the genus Fucus ... Acremonium exuviarum, from shed skin of lizard Fusarium delphinoides, from diseased succulent plant Hoodia gordonii and from ...
Peberdy, John F. (11 November 2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-4899- ...
John F. Peberdy (2013). Penicillium and Acremonium. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1489919861. MycoBank Straininfo ...
of the order microascales). The mitosporic Acremonium spp. degrade PAhs and Royal Demolition Explosive (RDX), and Graphium spp ...
Acremonium/grass interactions: plenary papers. (Hume, D.E.; Latch, G.C.M. & Easton, H.S., eds.) Palmerston North, NZ: ... West, C.P. & Gwinn, K.D. (1993). Role of Acremonium in drought, pest and disease tolerance of grasses. In: Proc. 2nd Int. Symp ... Acremonium/Grass interactions (Quisenberry, S.S. & Joost, R.E., eds.) Baton Rouge: Louisiana Agriculture Experiment Station. ... West, C.P.; Izekor, E.; Oosterhuis, D.M.; Robbins, R.T. (1988). "The effect of Acremonium coenophialum on the growth and ...
Ceccherelli P, Fringuelli R, Madruzza GF (1975). "Cerevisterol and ergosterol peroxide from Acremonium luzulae". Phytochemistry ... Acremonium luzulae, and Pencillium herquei, as well as the lichens Ramalina hierrensis and Stereocaulon azoreum. It has also ...
These include the cephalosporin producing Acremonium chrysogenum. Geldanamycin is produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. ...
A fungus of the genus Cephalosporium (now renamed Acremonium strictum) was able to decrease the dissemination of silver scurf ... "Mycoparasitism of Helminthosporium solani by Acremonium strictum". Phytopathology. 97 (10): 1331-1337. doi:10.1094/PHYTO-97-10- ...
"Acremonium uncinatum, a new endophyte in Festuca pratensis". Mycotaxon. 37: 67-71. (Articles with short description, Short ...
An endophyte of Festuca arundinacea and the anamorph of Epichloe typhina, new taxa in one of two new sections of Acremonium". ... Glenn AE, Bacon CW, Price R, Hanlin RT (1996). "Molecular phylogeny of Acremonium and its taxonomic implications". Mycologia. ... of genus Acremonium. In a molecular phylogenetic study in 1996, Glenn and colleagues found the genus to be polyphyletic and ...
Other fungi reported are Acremonium charticola, Chaetomium sp., Cryptococcus, Mucor and Penicillium. Global Volcanism Program, ...
Several species of endophytic fungi, especially Acremonium spp., have also been studied with a view to biological control in ... however Acremonium lolii renders perennial ryegrass toxic to livestock at some stages of growth, putting them at risk of ...
Glenn, Anthony E.; Bacon, Charles W.; Price, Robert; Hanlin, Richard T. (1996). "Molecular phylogeny of Acremonium and its ...
Acremonium acutatum Acremonium alabamense Acremonium alcalophilum Acremonium alternatum Acremonium antarcticum Acremonium apii ... Acremonium arxii Acremonium atrogriseum Acremonium bacillisporum Acremonium bactrocephalum Acremonium biseptum Acremonium ... blochii Acremonium borodinense Acremonium brachypenium Acremonium breve Acremonium brunnescens Acremonium byssoides Acremonium ... Acremonium curvulum Acremonium cymosum Acremonium dichromosporum Acremonium diospyri Acremonium domschii Acremonium egyptiacum ...
Control of Acremonium Wilt of Shasta Daisy. A. R. Chase, Research Assistant, Department of Plant Pathology, University of ... from field-grown Killian daisies infected with Acremonium strictum. Viable explants were assayed, and those free from internal ...
Acremonium. Acremonium species are hyaline molds that are ubiquitous in the environment and typically found in soil. Infections ... Diagnosis of Acremonium infection is difficult. In advanced disease, blood cultures may be positive. Acremonium species grow ... In fact, S. prolificans like Fusarium, Aspergillus terreus, Acremonium, and Paecilomyces can produce adventitial forms (conidia ... The optimal treatment for invasive infections due to Acremonium species has not been established. The newer triazoles, such as ...
The main industrial producers of these antibiotics are Acremonium chrysogenum and Penicillium chrysogenum, two taxonomically ... While P. chrysogenum, like Aspergillus nidulans, belongs to the order of Eurotiales, Acremonium species belong to the order of ... Acremonium chrysogenum, the second β-lactam-producing fungus analyzed in this study, was first isolated in 1945 from Sardinian ... Liu Y, Xie L, Gong G, Zhang W, Zhu B, Hu Y. De novo comparative transcriptome analysis of Acremonium chrysogenum: high-yield ...
Acremonium spp.105, 206. Fusarium spp.102. Pseudoallescheria boydii100. Scedosporium spp.116. Sporothrix cyanescens¶118. ... In one hospital, endophthalmitis caused by Acremonium kiliense infection following cataract extraction in an ambulatory ...
Over the past 2 decades, allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) has become increasingly defined. Historically mistaken for a paranasal sinus tumor, allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) now is believed to be an allergic reaction to aerosolized environmental fungi, usually of the dematiaceous species, in an immunocompetent host.
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Acremonium strictum is one of the more common species, isolated largely from soils and plants as well as indoor environments. ... The genus Acremonium (previously known as Cephalosporium) is a large and cosmopolitan group of filamentous Ascomycete fungi ... Some Acremonium species occur as plant endophytes or plant pathogens and some are animal pathogens, occasionally causing ... Please confirm that you want to SAVE all your changes for Acremonium strictum DS1bioAY4a v1.0. ...
Acremonium, and Fusarium spp. (5,7). F. oxysporum, the causative agent in the outbreak we report, occurs in plants and soil and ... Acremonium in 4 cases, Exophiala in 1 case, and an undetermined type in 1 case. In addition, 93 cases had negative cultures and ...
Categories: Acremonium Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 16 ...
Acremonium. Acremonium, like Fusarium, thrives in moist conditions. Hay and other dead plants are common locations for it. ... Humidifier water is one possible source of Acremonium in the home.. Trichoderma. This type of mold is quite invasive. It ...
Endophytic Acremonium kilense as a potential biocontrol agent against leaf blotch disease of clove Authors. * Ajit kumar Savani ... Savani, A. kumar, Abraham, K., & Beena, S. (2020). Endophytic Acremonium kilense as a potential biocontrol agent against leaf ... Syzygium aromaticum, endophytic fungi, Acremonium kilense, Cylindrocladium quinqueseptatum Abstract. Endophytic microorganisms ...
Many wonder can mold cause cancer? According to the CDC, there is no evidence that mold causes lung cancer or any other type of cancer. However, exposure to some types of mold can cause respiratory symptoms and aggravate asthma in some people.
with incidence rates of 60.6% and 32.7% were observed in London [33] and Melbourne [18], respectively. Acremonium spp. (40%) ...
... significantly enhanced cephalosporin C yield through reducing degradation of cephalosporin biosynthetic proteins in Acremonium ... From: Enhancing the production of cephalosporin C through modulating the autophagic process of Acremonium chrysogenum ...
NEDO starts bio-ethanol demonstration plant in Thailand based on bagasse and Acremonium cellulolyticus. *Home. ... NEDO starts bio-ethanol demonstration plant in Thailand based on bagasse and Acremonium cellulolyticus ... NEDO starts bio-ethanol demonstration plant in Thailand based on bagasse and Acremonium cellulolyticus ...
Ferguson, N. H., Rice, J. S., and Allgood, N. G. (1993). Variation in nitrogen-utilization in Acremonium coenophialum isolates ... and carbon sources on growth arameters of Acremonium coenophialum, the fungal endophyte of tall fescue. Mycologia 183, 110-115 ...
Acremonium spp Typical time frame of postoperative endophthalmitis. Staphylococcus epidermidis within 6 week after surgery ...
Acremonium; Lolium perenne; Sphenophorus parvulus; cultivars; endophytes; field experimentation; fungi; insect pests; insect ... Acremonium loliae Latch et al. Severe billbug infestations occurred in 1981, 1983, and 1984 in two different turf evaluation ...
Acremonium Link, 1809 (basis of record). Acremonium strictum (basis of record). Actinomucor Schostak., 1898 (basis of record). ... European waters (ERMS scope) for Acremonium strictum European waters (ERMS scope) for Actinomucor repens Schostak, 1898 ...
Acremonium suis Bakai. Monosporium apiospermum Saccardo. Type of organism:. Fungi. Pathogen class:. H2 ...
Categories: Acremonium tubakii , Large Structures , Bunkoczi G , Schiell M , Sheldrick GM , Vertesy L ... 1ob4 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Acremonium tubakii. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA. For ...
Company, A., Sabenya, G., González-Béjar, M., Gómez, L., Clémancey, M., Blondin, G., Jasniewski, A. J., Puri, M., Browne, W. R., Latour, J. M., Que, L., Costas, M., Pérez-Prieto, J. & Lloret-Fillol, J., Mar 26 2014, In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136, 12, p. 4624-4633 10 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review ...
Volume 164: Radzio, Renate: Heterologe Gen- expression in dem Cephalosporin C produzierenden Hyphenpilz Acremonium chrysogenum. ...
The Protean Acremonium. A. sclerotigenum/egyptiacum: Revision, Food Contaminant, and Human Disease. ...
Common causative agents include ACREMONIUM; ASPERGILLUS; CHRYSOSPORIUM; FUSARIUM; PAECILOMYCES; PENICILLIUM; PSEUDALLESCHERIA; ... Common causative agents include ACREMONIUM; ASPERGILLUS; CHRYSOSPORIUM; FUSARIUM; PAECILOMYCES; PENICILLIUM; PSEUDALLESCHERIA; ...
4 authors) (2017-08-22 22:00:00) New acremonium-like species in the Bionectriaceae and Plectosphaerellaceae. ...
Acrepyrone A, a new γ-pyrone derivative from an endophytic fungus, Acremonium citrinum SS-g13 ... Acremonium; Morus alba; antibacterial properties; cytotoxicity; endophytes; fungi; medicinal plants; nuclear magnetic resonance ... Acremonium citrinum SS-g13, harboured in the roots of the Chinese medicinal plant Fructus mori. Their structures were ...
Some examples of other hyaline moulds include Paecilomyces spp., Acremonium spp., Rasamsonia spp., Penicillium spp. and ...
  • 8 Non-dermatophyte moulds such as Acremonium, Alternaria and Aspergillus spp. (aestheticsjournal.com)
  • Many fungal species were isolated from the examined milk samples including Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Acremonium and Chrysosporium species. (camelsandcamelids.com)
  • As shown in research on fungal colonization of automobile air conditioners, the fungi types that can infect autos include Penicillium, Acremonium, Alternaria, Cladosporium, Aspergillus, and others. (c-car.net)
  • The genus Acremonium (previously known as Cephalosporium ) is a large and cosmopolitan group of filamentous Ascomycete fungi containing approximately 100 different species that are largely saprophytes, living off of dead or decaying organic matter and contributing to the cycling of carbon in the environment. (doe.gov)
  • Cephalosporium acremonium var. (speciesfungorum.org)
  • SUPELCOGEL ™ Ca, 6% crosslinked HPLC column has been used for the analysis of cephalosporin C, glucose, and fructose using normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), after the batch fragmentation of cephalosporin C by a pure culture, Cephalosporium acremonium . (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Cephalosporin compounds were first isolated from cultures of Cephalosporium acremonium from a sewer in Sardinia in 1948 by Italian scientist Giuseppe Brotzu . (scirp.org)
  • any of a group of widely used broad spectrum antibiotics, originally isolated as a product of fermentation from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium. (en-academic.com)
  • cephalosporin - This is an antibiotic produced by a Cephalosporium, but since the antibiotic was discovered the name Cephalosporium has been removed and the new name is Acremonium. (en-academic.com)
  • Please confirm that you want to SAVE all your changes for 'Acremonium strictum DS1bioAY4a v1.0' . (doe.gov)
  • Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image of conidophore and hyphae from Acremonium strictum isolate DS1bioAY4a. (doe.gov)
  • Acremonium strictum is one of the more common species, isolated largely from soils and plants as well as indoor environments. (doe.gov)
  • Genome sequencing in concert with transcriptome and secretome analysis of this and related Ascomycete fungi that promote lignocellulose degradation and Mn(II) oxidation will improving our understanding of the growth-specific production and total production potential of reactive metabolites and oxidants by Acremonium strictum . (doe.gov)
  • Acremonium strictum is an environmentally widespread saprotroph species found in soil, plant debris, and rotting mushrooms. (edayfm.com)
  • Acremomannolipin A, the potential calcium signal modulator with a characteristic glycolipid structure from the filamentous fungus Acremonium strictum. (bio-protocol.org)
  • 5%) included root pathogens ( Fusarium, Gibberella, Haematonectria and Ilyonectria) and known pathogen antagonists ( Acremonium strictum, Clonostachys, Chaetomium, Gliocladium and Trichoderma spp. (organicag.org)
  • Many tall fescue pastures in Alabama, Tennessee and most of the United States are infected with a systemic fungus, Acremonium coenophialum. (mold-help.org)
  • A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. (bvsalud.org)
  • After 13 days in the hospital we received news today that Nick was infected with a fungus called Acremonium. (nickrocks.us)
  • When one bacterial species proved to be resistant to the antibiotic armageddon being rained down upon it, new drugs would emerge from the pharmaceutical laboratories, synthesised and semi-synthetic versions of natural compounds produced by species of fungus (such as Penicillium itself and Acremonium). (wordpress.com)
  • Includes Aspergillus (n = 6), Acremonium (n = 4), and Exophiala spp . (cdc.gov)
  • The main industrial producers of these antibiotics are Acremonium chrysogenum and Penicillium chrysogenum, two taxonomically unrelated fungi. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A descoloração do corante têxtil (índigo) foi de 99% para Paecilomyces e Penicillium , e cerca de 74% para o Acremonium . (usp.br)
  • A descoloração do RBBR foi de 16% para Penicillium , 14% para Acremonium e 5% para Paecilomyces . (usp.br)
  • Quando analisada por cromatografiagasosa, a degradação foi de 69% para Penicillium , 64% para Paecilomyces e 40% para Acremonium . (usp.br)
  • The decolorisation of indigo dye was 99% for Paecilomyces and Penicillium and 74% to Acremonium . (usp.br)
  • The decolorisation of RBBR was 16% for Penicillium , 14% for Acremonium and 5% for Paecilomyces . (usp.br)
  • Using bromothymol blue as the indicator of PCP degradation it was showed 24% decolorisation for Acremonium , 22% for Penicillium and 17% for Paecilomyces . (usp.br)
  • Degradation of PCP measured by gaseous chromatography showed that PCP was degraded 69% by Penicillium , 65% by Paecilomyces and 40% by Acremonium . (usp.br)
  • Volume 164: Radzio, Renate: Heterologe Gen- expression in dem Cephalosporin C produzierenden Hyphenpilz Acremonium chrysogenum.1997. (koeltz.com)
  • Long LK, Wang YL, Yang J, Xu XX, Liu G. A septation related gene AcsepH in Acremonium chrysogenum is involved in the cellular differentiation and cephalosporin production. (chinagene.cn)
  • Liu L, Long LK, An Y, Yang J, Xu XX, Hu CH, Liu G. The thioredoxin reductase-encoding gene ActrxR1 is involved in the cephalosporin C production of Acremonium chrysogenum in methionine-supplemented medium. (chinagene.cn)
  • Li JY, Pan YY, Liu G. Disruption of the nitrogen regulatory gene AcareA in Acremonium chrysogenum leads to reduction of cephalosporin production and repression of nitrogen metabolism. (chinagene.cn)
  • Wang HT, Pan YY, Hu PJ, Zhu YX, Li JY, Jiang XJ, Liu G. The autophagy-related gene Acatg1 is involved in conidiation and cephalosporin production in Acremonium chrysogenum. (chinagene.cn)
  • Hu PJ, Wang Y, Zhou J, Pan YY, Liu G. AcstuA, which encodes an APSES transcription regulator, is involved in conidiation, cephalosporin biosynthesis and cell wall integrity of Acremonium chrysogenum. (chinagene.cn)
  • Acremonium is a genus of fungi in the family Hypocreaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three fungi were isolated and subsequently identified as Acremonium sp. (usp.br)
  • Tests with the Acremonium species fungi and the Pseudomonas putida bacterium did not show any growth 25 weeks after inoculation. (usoco.com)
  • It was found that an isolate of Acremonium coenophialum from Festuca arundinacea and several isolates of A. typhinum from F. ovina cluster with Epichloe festucae while isolates from Agrostis alba, Brornus ramosus, Poa ampla, and P. sylvestris group with E. typhina. (elsevier.com)
  • Epichloë species are closely related and were once included in Acremonium, but were later split off into a new genus Neotyphodium, which has now been restructured within the genus Epichloë. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Acremonium contains about 100 species, of which most are saprophytic, being isolated from dead plant material and soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identification and characterization of core cellulolytic enzymes from Talaromyces cellulolyticus (formerly Acremonium ce. (edu.vn)
  • It is similar to Circinoniesslia with setose ascomata and acremonium-like asexual morph (Samuels & Barr 1997). (sordariomycetes.org)
  • The cephalosporins, a class of β-lactam antibiotics, were derived from Acremonium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some Acremonium species occur as plant endophytes or plant pathogens and some are animal pathogens, occasionally causing infection in immunocompromised humans. (doe.gov)
  • With either a grey or brown or white colour, Acremonium is that type of indoor mold that is often seen in drywall or sheetrock and insulation. (moldguy.ca)
  • What makes acremonium quite an alarming type of mold is the fact that it falls in any of the three hazard classes for molds. (moldguy.ca)
  • Acremonium is a common mold found in the dark spots of houses. (aaqcmn.com)
  • 1ob4 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Acremonium tubakii . (proteopedia.org)
  • Scopulariopsis acremonium ATCC? (troybio.com)
  • Decrease quantity for Scopulariopsis acremonium ATCC? (troybio.com)
  • Production of cephalosporin C employing Acremonium chrysogenum ATCC 48272 under solid state fermentation was optimized. (elsevier.com)
  • thite-g2qtu3 Thielavia terrestris (strain ATCC 38088 / NRRL 8126) (Acremonium alabamense). (inrae.fr)
  • Acremonium Acremonium is a toxigenic mold that tends to grow over time, taking on an appearance of a white powdery substance. (electrodust.com)
  • 3) Acremonium - This mold is usually found in your home and prefers moist environments. (aquadryco.com)
  • Its symptoms include various breathing problems similar to those caused by Chaetomium and Acremonium molds as well as skin irritation, leading to severe conditions if not treated immediately. (aquadryco.com)
  • thite-g2rhm0 Thielavia terrestris (Acremonium alabamense). (inrae.fr)
  • Seven species were isolated by incubating the samples at 40ºC, yet it was indispensable only for Acremonium alabamense . (pjoes.com)
  • Disseminated infections with rare pathogens such as Trichosporon , Scedosporium , Acremonium and others. (life-worldwide.org)
  • Experts say Acremonium is one of the less dangerous molds, but it could potentially cause problems in immunocompromised individuals. (moldinspectionillinois.com)
  • Export GlyConnect protein list related to structure with id 3466 null # id : 62 Ascorbate oxidase Acremonium sp. (expasy.org)