(1/18) Long-term anoxia tolerance in leaves of Acorus calamus L. and Iris pseudacorus L.

Mature green leaves of Acorus calamus and Iris pseudacorus have been shown to survive at least 28 d of total anoxia in the dark during the growing season, increasing up to 75 d and 60 d in overwintering leaves in A. calamus and I. pseudacorus, respectively. During the period of anaerobic incubation the glycolytic rate is reduced, carbohydrate reserves are conserved and ethanol levels in the tissues reached an equilibrium. Prolonged anoxia significantly suppressed leaf capacity for respiration and photosynthesis. After 28 d of anoxia, respiratory capacity was reduced in A. calamus and I. pseudacorus by 80% and 90%, respectively. The photosynthetic capacity of leaves decreased by 83% in A. calamus and by 97% in I. pseudacorus after 28 d of anoxia. This reduction in photosynthetic capacity was accompanied by a modification of the chlorophyll fluorescence pattern indicating damage to the PSII reaction centre and subsequent electron transport. Chlorophyll content was only slightly reduced after 28 d under anoxia and darkness in A. calamus, whereas there was a 50% reduction in I. pseudacorus. On return to air A. calamus leaves that endured 28 d of anoxia recovered full photosynthetic activity within 7 d while those of I. pseudacorus had a lag phase of 3-10 d. This well-developed ability to endure prolonged periods of oxygen deprivation in both these species is associated with a down-regulation in metabolic activity in response to the imposition of anaerobiosis. It is suggested that when leaf damage eventually does take place in these species after protracted oxygen deprivation, it is anoxic rather than post-anoxic stress that is responsible.  (+info)

(2/18) Inhibitory effects of the fragrance inhalation of essential oil from Acorus gramineus on central nervous system.

The present study was designed to evaluate central inhibitory effects of the essential oil from Acori graminei Rhizoma (AGR), the dry rhizomes of Acorus gramineus SOLANDER (Araceae) upon fragrance inhalation (aroma therapy). Preinhalation of the oil markedly delayed the appearance of pentylenetetrazole-induced convulsion. Furthermore, inhalation impressively inhibited the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase, a degrading enzyme for GABA as the inhalation period was lengthened. The GABA level was significantly increased and glutamate content was significantly decreased in mouse brain by preinhalation of the essential oil. The above results suggest that the anticonvulsive effect of this AGR oil is originated by the enhancement of GABA level in the mouse brain, because convulsion depends partially on GABA concentration which can be properly preserved by inhibiting GABA transaminase. Moreover, fragrance inhalation progressively prolonged the pentobarbital-induced sleeping time as inhalation time was lengthened. Ten hour inhalation corresponded almost to the effect (145% increase) of oral administration (60 mg/kg). This sedative effect after inhalation or oral administration of AGR essential oil suggests that this oil may act on the CNS via the GABAergic system. The inhibitory activity of preinhalation of the essential oil on lipid peroxidation, to which the anticonvulsive action is attributed, also supported the above results, confirming and amplifying our previous reports on the CNS inhibitory effects of AGR.  (+info)

(3/18) Analysis of Acorus calamus chloroplast genome and its phylogenetic implications.

Determining the phylogenetic relationships among the major lines of angiosperms is a long-standing problem, yet the uncertainty as to the phylogenetic affinity of these lines persists. While a number of studies have suggested that the ANITA (Amborella-Nymphaeales-Illiciales-Trimeniales-Aristolochiales) grade is basal within angiosperms, studies of complete chloroplast genome sequences also suggested an alternative tree, wherein the line leading to the grasses branches first among the angiosperms. To improve taxon sampling in the existing chloroplast genome data, we sequenced the chloroplast genome of the monocot Acorus calamus. We generated a concatenated alignment (89,436 positions for 15 taxa), encompassing almost all sequences usable for phylogeny reconstruction within spermatophytes. The data still contain support for both the ANITA-basal and grasses-basal hypotheses. Using simulations we can show that were the ANITA-basal hypothesis true, parsimony (and distance-based methods with many models) would be expected to fail to recover it. The self-evident explanation for this failure appears to be a long-branch attraction (LBA) between the clade of grasses and the out-group. However, this LBA cannot explain the discrepancies observed between tree topology recovered using the maximum likelihood (ML) method and the topologies recovered using the parsimony and distance-based methods when grasses are deleted. Furthermore, the fact that neither maximum parsimony nor distance methods consistently recover the ML tree, when according to the simulations they would be expected to, when the out-group (Pinus) is deleted, suggests that either the generating tree is not correct or the best symmetric model is misspecified (or both). We demonstrate that the tree recovered under ML is extremely sensitive to model specification and that the best symmetric model is misspecified. Hence, we remain agnostic regarding phylogenetic relationships among basal angiosperm lineages.  (+info)

(4/18) Developmental anatomy of the root cortex of the basal monocotyledon, Acorus calamus (Acorales, Acoraceae).

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The anatomical structure and development of adventitious roots were analysed in the basal monocotyledon, Acorus calamus, to determine to what extent those features are related to phylogenetic position. METHODS: Root specimens were harvested and sectioned, either with a hand microtome or freehand, at varying distances from the root tip and examined under the microscope using a variety of staining techniques. KEY RESULTS: Roots of Acorus calamus possess a unique set of developmental characteristics that produce some traits similar to those of another basal angiosperm group, Nymphaeales. The root apical meristem organization seems to be intermediate between that of a closed and an open monocotyledonous root apical meristem organization. The open-type root apical meristem consists of a curved zone of cortical initials and epidermal initials overlying the vascular cylinder initials; the epidermal part of the meristem varies in its association with the cortical initials and columellar initials of the promeristem. The cortex develops an endodermis with only Casparian bands, a dimorphic exodermis with Casparian bands and suberin lamellae, and a polygonal aerenchyma by differential expansion, as also observed in the Nymphaeales and some dicotyledonous species. The stele has characteristics like those of members of the Nymphaeaceae. CONCLUSIONS: Specific anatomical and developmental attributes of Acorus roots seem to be related to the phylogenetic position of this genus.  (+info)

(5/18) Protective effect of Acorus calamus LINN on free radical scavengers and lipid peroxidation in discrete regions of brain against noise stress exposed rat.

Exposure to continuous loud noise is a serious health problem due to excess production of oxygen free radicals. In medical research, more attention is paid to the antioxidant properties of medicinal plants to minimize the harmful effects of radicals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of both ethyl acetate and methanolic extract of Acorus calamus LINN against noise stress (30 d, 100 dBA/4h/d) induced changes in the rat brain. We measured the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), vitamin C, vitamin E, protein thiols and lipid peroxidation (LPO) for the evaluation of oxidative stress status in discrete regions of the rat brain like cerebral cortex, cerebellum, pons-medulla, midbrain, hippocampus and hypothalamus. The results indicated that during exposure of noisy environment ROS generation led to increase in corticosterone, LPO and SOD, but decrease in CAT, GPx, GSH, protein thiols, vitamins C and E levels. Both the ethyl acetate and methanolic extract of Acorus calamus protected most of the changes in the rat brain induced by noise-stress.  (+info)

(6/18) Antifungal properties of haem peroxidase from Acorus calamus.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plants have evolved a number of inducible defence mechanisms against pathogen attack, including synthesis of pathogenesis-related proteins. The aim of the study was to purify and characterize antifungal protein from leaves of Acorus calamus. METHODS: Leaf proteins from A. calamus were fractionated by cation exchange chromatography and gel filtration and the fraction inhibiting the hyphal extension of phytopathogens was characterized. The temperature stability and pH optima of the protein were determined and its presence was localized in the leaf tissues. KEY RESULTS: The purified protein was identified as a class III haem peroxidase with a molecular weight of approx. 32 kDa and pI of 7.93. The temperature stability of the enzyme was observed from 5 degrees C to 60 degrees C with a temperature optimum of 36 degrees C. Maximum enzyme activity was registered at pH 5.5. The pH and temperature optima were corroborated with the antifungal activity of the enzyme. The enzyme was localized in the leaf epidermal cells and lumen tissues of xylem, characteristic of class III peroxidases. The toxic nature of the enzyme which inhibited hyphal growth was demonstrated against phytopathogens such as Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium moniliforme and Trichosporium vesiculosum. Microscopic observations revealed distortion in the hyphal structure with stunted growth, increased volume and extensive hyphal branching. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that peroxidases may have a role to play in host defence by inhibiting the hyphal extension of invading pathogens.  (+info)

(7/18) Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil intoxications.

Preparations of the plant Acorus calamus (calamus or sweet flag) (A. calamus) are available via internet trade and marketed as being hallucinogenic. In 2003-2006, the Swedish Poisons Information Centre received inquiries about 30 clinical cases of intentional intoxication with A. calamus products. The present investigation aimed to identify alpha- and beta-asarone, considered active components of A. calamus, and metabolites thereof in urine samples collected in seven of these cases. To further aid the identification of asarone biotransformation products, a calamus oil preparation was incubated with the fungus Cunninghamella elegans, which is used as a microbial model of mammalian drug metabolism. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis in selected ion monitoring mode, alpha-asarone was detected in five urine samples at concentrations ranging between approximately 11 and 1150 microg/L and beta-asarone in four of those at approximately 22-220 microg/L. A previously identified asarone metabolite, trans-2,4,5-trimethoxycinnamic acid (trans-TMC), was detected in the fungus broth by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry whereas cis-TMC was tentatively identified in the human urine samples. Using GC-MS, a hydroxylated asarone metabolite was identified both in fungus broth and urine samples. However, this study demonstrated no evidence for the presence of 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine, claimed as a hallucinogenic component of A. calamus. The main clinical symptom reported by the patients was prolonged vomiting that sometimes lasted more than 15 h.  (+info)

(8/18) Beta-asarone improves cognitive function by suppressing neuronal apoptosis in the beta-amyloid hippocampus injection rats.

Elevated levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brains being a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been believed to play a critical role in the cognitive dysfunction that occurs in AD. Recent evidence suggests that Abeta induces neuronal apoptosis in the brain and in primary neuronal cultures. In this study, we investigated the effects of beta-asarone, the major ingredient of Acorus Tatarinowii Schott, on cognitive function and neuronal apoptosis in Abeta hippocampus injection rats and its mechanism of action. The results show that the Abeta (1-42) injection caused impairments in spatial reference memory in a Morris water maze task and apoptosis in hippocampus. Oral administration of beta-asarone with three different dose (12.5, 25, or 50 mg/kg) for 28 d ameliorated Abeta (1-42)-induced cognitive impairment and reversed the increase of apoptosis in the hippocampus. Abeta-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) results in phosphorylation, subsequent down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-w expression, and caspase-3 activation. Beta-asarone attenuate Abeta (1-42)-induced neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus by reversal down-regulation of Bcl-2, Bcl-w, caspase-3 activation, and JNK phosphorylation. These results suggest that beta-asarone may be a potential candidate for development as a therapeutic agent to manage cognitive impairment associated with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease.  (+info)

*  Acorus
... with the name Acorus calamus equally but wrongfully applied to Acorus americanus (formerly Acorus calamus var. americanus). As ... and of Acorus calamus". J. Agric. (Rost and Bos, 1979) Antimicrobial activities of the crude methanol extract of Acorus calamus ... Acorus calamus var. americanus Raf. - Canada, northern United States, Buryatiya region of Russia Acorus calamus var. angustatus ... The North American Calamus is known as Acorus calamus var. americanus or more recently as simply Acorus americanus. Like the ...
*  Acorus gramineus
... , commonly known as grass-leaf sweet flag, dwarf sedge, Japanese rush, and Japanese sweet flag, is a botanical ... Acorus gramineus Simon & Schuster's Guide to Freshwater and Marine Aquarium Fishes. New York, New York, United States: Simon & ... Acorus gramineus spreads aggressively by rhizome, creating a nearly-seamless groundcover where conditions are favorable, and it ... species belonging to the genus Acorus, native to Japan, Korea in eastern Asia. The plant usually grows in wetlands and shallow ...
*  Acorus calamus
Also, in older USA literature the name Acorus americanus may be used indiscriminately for all forms of Acorus calamus occurring ... "Acorus calamus 'Variegatus'". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 July 2013. "Acorus calamus 'Argenteostriatus'". Royal ... Proper Use of Acorus Calamus Family Araceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: ... Acorus calamus (also called sweet flag or calamus, among many common names) is a tall perennial wetland monocot of the ...
*  Acorus americanus
... was formerly classified as Acorus calamus var. americanus. It differs only in being a fertile diploid (2n = ... Like the diploid strains of Acorus calamus in parts of the Himalayas, Mongolia, and C Siberia, the Acorus americanus diploid ... NRCS: USDA Plants Profile: Acorus americanus "Acorus americanus". Flora of North America (FNA). Missouri Botanical Garden - via ... Acorus calamus) Shukla PK, Khanna VK, Ali MM, Maurya R, Khan MY, Srimal RC. "Neuroprotective effect of Acorus calamus against ...
*  Primidone
"Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. - Ordering - UK". acorus-therapeutics.com. Acorus Therapeutics. Archived from the original on 2005-04- ... "Summary of Product Characteristics" (PDF). Official Acorus Therapeutics Site. Acorus Therapeutics. 2007-06-01. pp. 3-4. ... In July 2004, Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. took over the manufacture and distribution of Mysoline from AstraZeneca February 3, 2005 ... Acorus Therapeutics, Ltd. (2005). "Mysoline 250 mg Tablets". electronic Medicines Compendium. Datapharm Communications and the ...
*  List of freshwater aquarium plant species
Acorus gramineus var. pusilus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush) Acorus gramineus var. variegatus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush) ... Acorus calamus Anubias barteri var. glabra Aponogeton distachyos Bacopa monnieri Damasonium californicum Echinodorus ...
*  2,4,5-Trimethoxypropiophenone
The chemical has been identified in Piper marginatum, Acorus tatarinowii, and Asarum maximum. Francisco, Díaz; Leticia, ... doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00109-4. Jinfeng, Hu; Xiaozhang, Feng (2000). "Phenylpropanes from Acorus tatarinowii". Planta Medica ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B06)
... acorus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.014 --- adoxaceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.018 --- ...
*  Festuca idahoensis
2009 "Grasses and Grasslike plants_Acorus gramineus_Native Sons". C. Michael Hogan. 2009. "Purple Needlegrass (Nassella pulchra ...
*  Lepidotarphius perornatella
The larvae have been recorded feeding on Acorus calamus var. asiaticus. Lepidotarphius perornatella perornatellus (Kiangsu, ...
*  The Corean Chronicles
On Acorus, the Duarchs, a pair of joint rulers, oversee the remaining Alectors from their seats of power in the cities of ... The planet of Acorus possesses a web, or mesh, of life force lines (compare to ley lines) that intersect in various places. ... Acorus was once inhabited by a race variously called the Ancients or the Soarers. They are wispy, fairy-like creatures usually ... The natives of Acorus, called Ancients, have a yellowish-green aura, while many Alectors have a purplish-pink aura, and ...
*  Asarone
... , which includes alpha (trans) and beta (cis) types, is an ether found in certain plants such as Acorus and Asarum. As a ... Björnstad K, Helander A, Hultén P, Beck O (2009). "Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil ... "Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus (L.) rhizome and leaf extract". Acta Biol. Szeg. 53 (1): 45-49. Perrett, Sheena; ... β-asarone is clearly carcinogenic and has proposed limits for its concentration in flavorings such as bitters made from Acorus ...
*  Arales
Instead, Acorus, its only genus, was included in the Araceae. Arales was the only order included in the Ariflorae. The APG II ... Acorus) and unites the last two of these families into the one family Araceae assigning this to the order Alismatales.. ...
*  Cunninghamella elegans
"Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil intoxications". Journal of Analytical Toxicology. ...
*  Myristicin
Björnstad, K.; Helander, A.; Hultén, P.; Beck, O. (2009). "Bioanalytical Investigation of Asarone in Connection with Acorus ...
*  Meadowlark Botanical Gardens
... aquatic plants such as Acorus calamus, Nymphaea odorata, Pontederia cordata, Sagittaria latifolia; and shoreline plants ...
*  Cuisine of Chhattisgarh
Oudhia, P. (2002). Rice-Acorus intercropping: A new system developed by innovative farmers of Chhattisgarh (India). ...
*  Orto Botanico dell'Università della Calabria
The second contains wetland plants including Acorus calamus, Marsilea strigosa, Menyanthes trifoliata, Osmunda regalis,etc. ...
*  Calamus (poems)
Acorus calamus or Sweet Flag is a marsh-growing plant similar to a cat-tail. Whitman continues through this one of the central ...
*  Abramelin oil
2 (Tisserand & Balacs, 1995) Calamus (Acorus calamus) Information Abraham von Worms, edited by Beecken, Johann Richard. (1957). ...
*  Paul Estermann
Lafayette III (*2004), Mare, Father: Acorus, Father's father: Accord II, Mother: La Vie, Mother's father: Calido. former show ...
*  Pseudo-
For example, Iris pseudacorus is known as 'pseudacorus' for having leaves similar to those of Acorus calamus. In biology, ...
*  Mirik
The present lake area was a marshland with thick growth of sweet flag (Acorus calamus, locally called bojho). A playground ...
*  Lactarius repraesentaneus
Its taste is mild to slightly acrid or somewhat bitter, and the flavor has been compared to sweet flag (Acorus calamus). The ...
*  Xanthorrhoea
Smith named it in 1798, from xanthos ('yellow, golden') and rhœa ('flowing, flow'). The invalid Acoroides ('Acorus-like') was a ...
The world has understood the importance of the Acorus Calamus Root and the need of Acorus Calamus Root has been increased. From the last decade, people are started to return back to nature and understand the value of natural plants and herbs in their life. People are looking for best and all natural Acorus Calamus Root for their bodys health.. To meet the requirement of the worlds need of herbs, HerbsPk has jumped in the market to fulfill the need of the people all over the world. HerbsPk has all kinds of Acorus Calamus Root for your use. We know what is best for health. We deal in all kinds of herbs and in all shape and quantity.. We have Herbs Like; Licorice, Dried Morels, Alkanet Root, valerian Root, Gum Karaya, Shilajit, Pine Kenrels, Dried Roses, Ambergries, Soap Nuts, Dired Red Chili, Red Watermelon Seeds, JuniperBerries and much more in the herbs.. ...
Calamus Rhizome (Acorus gramineus; Japanese Sweet Flag; Shi Chang Pu) 5:1 Extract Powder 100 gm: V (Special Order)-Calamus Rhizome (Acorus gramineus; Japanese Sweet Flag; Shi Chang Pu) 5:1 Extract Powder 100 gm: V ....Learn More At Kalyx.com.
Bouncing Bear Botanicals supplies quality Sweet Flag acorus calamus root for sale to buy. Acorus calamus AKA sweet flag was used as an anesthetic for toothache. Acorus calamus is also a stimulant.
A metabolite of beta-asarone is the reason Acurus calamus is known in some cultures as a psychedelic. However, not all Acorus calamus contains sufficient quantities of beta-asarone to be effective. Acorus calamus from Nepal typically contains a large amount of beta-asarone. Acorus calamus from India usually contains very little beta-asarone, and will cause extreme nausea before doses high enough to get some minor effects from beta-asarone are ingested.. Its important to note that beta-asarone itself is not active. One of its metabolites can produce psychedelic effects in man. Not everyones body metabolizes beta-asarone the same way, leading to different results for different individuals. Some people are not able to experience psychedelic effects from ingesting beta-asarone. This is because their bodies do not produce enough of the active metabolite to experience effects.. The active metabolite of beta-asarone is currently unidentified. There has been speculation of it being an amphetamine, ...
Looking for acorus calamus? Find out information about acorus calamus. sweetflag Grass-like plant with cattail-type leaves and thin green
Acorus gramineus can be planted on the bank or in the pond, but the water level should not be too deep. It is the best to plant it at a depth of 10 cm. Acorus
APHOTOFLORA - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Acorus calamus - Sweet Flag (Acorus Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Acorus gramineus is a plant closesly related to its cousin Acorus calamus, both being wetland lovers with extremely pleasant smelling reed like leaves who most likely originated in India but can now be found growing throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Calamus of all types has been used medicinally and spiritually from Asia to India to Europe and the United states, although its internal consumption is now restricted by the FDA. In the Traditional Chinese system of Medicine, Acorus gramineus would have been boiled in doses of 3-6 grams to create an herbal tea decoction. The herb can cause nausea in high doses, and we have found that 2-4 grams of the freshly powdered herb taken in capsules provides an adequate dose without causing stomach discomfort. Acorus gramineus has been used in the Traditional Chinese system of Medicine as a cognition aid, to support healthy development of the functions of the mind in young adults and children, and is believed to be a premier tonic for expelling phlegm and
Acorus gramineus Oborozuki. Picture tags, plants and garden accessories. Growers, greenhouses, landcapers, nurseries, master gardeners, massed plantings, look no further than Santa Rosa Gardens for your starter plant needs.
Acorus gramineus Argenteostriatus Silver Sweet Flag is an aromatic aquatic perennial grass with semi-evergreen variegated strap-like leaves.
Acorus gramineus Pusillus (Miniature Japanese sweet flag). This is a small, evergreen grass-like perennial which is not known to flower.
Acorus gramineus Variegatus. Discover the beautiful perennials and graceful grasses grown by Santa Rosa Gardens. Plants and garden accessories available for mail-order throughout the United States.
The finely textured, golden, evergreen foliage of Acorus gramineus Ogon is like a ray of sunshine on a cloudy day. A great choice for boggy wet condit...
Acorus tatarinowii, a relative of Acorus calamus found in China known locally as Shi-Chang-Pu, was shown to contain the following compounds in the essential oil steam distilled from the root.. ...
This investigation was aimed to provide a pharmacologic basis 10 the Medicinal Use of Acorus calamus in cardiovascular disorders. In normotensive anesthetized rats, crude extract of Acorus calamus and its ethylacetate and nHexane fractions caused a fall in mean arterial pressure. In rabbit aorta rings. crude extract Was More potent against high K(+) (80 mM), ethylacetate against phenylephrine ( 1 mu M), whereas nHexane fraction was equipotent against both precontractions, Crude extract exhibited a vasoconstrictor effect oil baseline. Pretreatment of aortic rings With crude extract and its fractions shifted Ca(+2) concentration-response curves to the right, similar to verapanil. Crude extract and ethylacetate fraction suppressed phenylephrine peak formation in Ca(+2)-free medium. In rat aorta preparations, crude extract exhibited endothelium-independent relaxation with a vasodilatory effect against high K(+). nHexane fraction caused all endothelium-dependent N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester
Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates' day (460-377 BCE) for curing toothache and dysentery. An infusion made from its roots is good for the stomach. Calamus was used by the Cree Indians
This topic has 6 study abstracts on Acorus calamus indicating that they may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Insulin Resistance, Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1, and Epileptic Seizures
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Interlacing ranks of short sword-shaped glossy-grass leaves, each striped on its inner edge. Forms remarkable 4 cushions. Most certainly the prize cultivar ..
Interlacing ranks of short sword-shaped glossy-grass leaves, each striped on its inner edge. Forms remarkable 4 cushions. Most certainly the prize cultivar ..
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
Superior quality bulk Calamus Root available from Starwest - offering the finest chinese, craft, culinary, and therapeutic herbs since 1975.
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A perennial plant, Calamus Root grows to a height of 1m with a spread of 0.5m. The rhizome is horizontal, creeping, cylindrical, branched and up to 2m long, with a spicy aroma; the fruit are greenish berries. Indigenous to the northern hemisphere, it prefers lake margins, swampy ditches, or marshes in a protected position. It is frost resistant, but drought tender. Calamus Root Oil is a stimulating nervine, antispasmodic, and a general tonic to the mind. As a stimulant for the brain and nervous system, it is used to promote cerebral circulation, to stimulate self-expression, and to help manage a wide range of symptoms in the head, including neuralgia, epilepsy, memory loss and shock.
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Since childhood I have been interested in the world of natural aromatics. This interest gradually developed into our home business White Lotus Aromatics. Keypoints along this aromatic journey were: 1) living on a small farm in India where many tropical fragrant plants were to be found 2) a career in horticulture, highlighted by working on a formal garden estate, Filoli 3) many journeys throughout the length and breadth of India to explore Indias ancient and modern aromatic traditions. Please note that I have an interest in the wonderful world of natural aromatics, but have no therapeutic expertise. Any mention of ayurveda or other traditional healing systems in strictly for cultural interest ...
Hasnah, Husni, dan Ade Fardhisa ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to obtain an effective concentration of the extract of sweet flag rhizome in controlling S. litura. This research was conducted at Laboratory of Plant Pests and Diseases, Agriculture Faculty, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh. This research used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD)…
Antifungal activity of aqueous extracts of locally available plants which are known for their medicinal values were tested in vitro against Drechslera oryzae, the causal organism of brown leaf spot of rice. The plants extracts were tested against the mycelial growth of D. oryzae at different concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% using poisoned food technique. Among the plants extracts, Acorus calamus extract at 20% concentration alone showed 80.0% inhibition of mycelial growth whereas the other tested plants showed less inhibitory effect. In field trial, aqueous extract of Acorus calamus showed maximum percentage of disease control and reduced the disease incidence by 45.29% as compared with control plot.
Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012) Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok ...
Syed Akbar (born. 20 September 1965) is a senior Indian science, health and political journalist from Hyderabad. He is a specialist-journalist in science, technology, health, politics, environment, development, wildlife, religion, communities, and consumer affairs. He is one of the few Indian Muslim journalists whose writings are read far and wide and held in high esteem. Most of his articles are of documentary value since they are based on research and indept investigation. He is the one of the well-recognized English science journalists from the Southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. Syed Akbar hails from Vijayawada and is a product of St Josephs. He started writing to newspapers and journals at a very young age. His columns on religion, and consumer affairs in The New Indian Express (Andhra and Orissa editions) and religion and science in a Delhi-based weekly received rave reviews. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Vacha is a very important ayurveda medicinal herb used in skin care, hair care, impotency, memory, wisdom, piles, kidney stones, abscess, etc.
Henriettes herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Its been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland.. ...
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I created this blog with the idea of informing people about Wicca and Pagan beliefs. My goal is not to impose my beliefs upon others but to stop the circulation of misinformation. I will express my thoughts, but also theories and views of recognized authors in order to send my message as clearly as possible. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Forms Available: essential oil, CO2 extraction. The essential oil of Calamus should be strictly avoided during pregnancy as it has the potent to stimulate contractions in the uterine cavity and induce menstruation, being an emmenagogue and might lead to miscarriage or abortion. It is also advisable to restrict the use of Calamus oil during breastfeeding.. Many studies suggest that Calamus oil may have carcinogenic or cancer causing effects and might be toxic when used in excess. The prime chemical constituents responsible for its adverse effects are β-asarone (about 78.4%), α-asarone (about 6.8%) and methyleugenol (about 2%) in Acorus Calamus oil, which is of Indian origin. Various in vivo and in vitro studies have witnessed the negative potent of β-asarone in inducing the growth of malignant tumors.. The European Council files β-asarone as "substances which are suspected to be genotoxic carcinogens and therefore no MDI can be set". According to the 1988 European Community Council, both the ...
On Sat, 23 May 1998, Kevin Gilpin wrote: , Im trying to get more information about the plant Cyperus Helferi. , I have not seen it in any of the plant books I own. Amano uses it , frequently in his tanks. It resembles vallisneria and acorus gramineus. , For those of you with Amano books 2 and 3 I will provide the page numbers , where the plant is pictured. Any information would be helpful. Im not , sure if this is a true aquatic plant, maybe a marsh plant, but I think it , may tolerate low light and that is what I am looking for: A tall grass , like plant that tolerates low light. Anyone ever seen it for sale , though? Any other plants that would fit this description. I have heard , Acorus doesnt do well submersed. , I cant address Cyperus helferi directly, but plants in genus Cyperus are sedges (usually, grass-like plants common to marshy areas). Rataj and Horeman (of current controversy) describe the genus generally but detail only one species (eragrostis). Eleocharis is also in the same ...
Nota: Se procura a planta, veja Açoro. Acorina é um alcalóide presente em extractos de algumas plantas como o açoro e o acónito. «Antispasmodic effect of Acorus calamus Linn. is mediated through calcium channel blockade» (em inglês). Interscience.wiley.com «Plantas medicinales». Books.google.com «Alkaloids of Aconitum coreanum. X. Curare-Like Activity-Structure Relationship». Ingentaconnect.com ...
... - Botanical Name: Acorus Calamus Origin:AsiaExtraction Method: Steam Distilled Plant Part: rootsStrength of Aroma: Moderate Aromatic Scent: sweet cinnamon-likeBlends well with: Lavender and Ylang YlangCalamus Essential Oil Offeri
Numerous studies, using in aggregate some 28 genes, have achieved a consensus in recognizing three groups of plants, including Amborella, as comprising the basal-most grade of all other angiosperms. A major exception is the recent study by Goremykin et al. (2003; Mol. Biol. Evol. 20:1499-1505), whose analyses of 61 genes from 13 sequenced chloroplast genomes of land plants nearly always found 100% support for monocots as the deepest angiosperms relative to Amborella, Calycanthus, and eudicots. We hypothesized that this conflict reflects a misrooting of angiosperms resulting from inadequate taxon sampling, inappropriate phylogenetic methodology, and rapid evolution in the grass lineage used to represent monocots. We used two main approaches to test this hypothesis. First, we sequenced a large number of chloroplast genes from the monocot Acorus and added these plus previously sequenced Acorus genes to the Goremykin et al. (2003) dataset in order to explore the effects of altered monocot sampling under the
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
All micro life cultures will be delivered to you within two business days when order is placed before 12:00 pm EST. Your specimens or cultures will arrive in good condition or we will send a free replacement. Requesting a delivery date of Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday ensures healthy delivery of your live specimens. Live materials will not be delivered on Mondays. For Tuesday deliveries, additional shipping charges may apply. Contact Boreal Science customer service (800-387-9393) to arrange a Tuesday live materials delivery. For live materials coupon redemption, visit boreal.com/livematerials. In instances of severe weather, we may delay or cancel a shipment if it will not arrive safely. See our home page for the latest updates if you suspect weather could be an issue in your area. If your school is closed due to weather, please call customer service to let us know and we will hold your specimen and reschedule at your convenience. ...
Chrysomelidae: Donacia caerulea [feeds on roots & leaves, found in E. USA] HG2009, Donacia subtilis [feeds on roots & leaves, found in E. USA & SE Canada] ...
An attractive, fast growing, rhizomatous wetland plant reaching a maximum size of 6.5 x 7 ( rarely over 4 ) feet, that is native to marshes of much of North America ( from Alaska to Smithers, British Columbia to Lake Athabasca, Alberta to Lake Nipigon, Ontario to Chapleau, Ontario to Nova Scotia; south to Washington to Oklahoma to Louisiana to Georgia ). In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it is noted as being locally common in southwestern Essex County, Point Pelee and the Lake Erie Islands as well as the Ohio shore during the 1800s. It was also abundant in marshland along the Detroit River at Detroit during that time ...
Puškvorec ´Golden Delight´ patrí k trávam, ktoré vyžadujú vyššiu vlhkosť pôdy.uplatňuje sa hlavne pri jazierkach v plytkej vode dosahuje výšku max. do 50 cm a je ozdobná svojimi svetlo zelenými listami s páskami. Je celkovo nenáročná. Potrpí si iba na dostatok vlahy. Pri nedostatku to spoznáme ihneď, pretože rastline začnú zasychať končeky listov. Výborne znáša chlad, prievan, znečistené ovzdušie. Pestuje sa na polotienistom až tienistom mieste. Na zimu radšej zakryjeme čečinou, prípadne napadaným lístím.. ...
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In the United Kingdom, Acorusfineart.co.uk is ranked 2,907,255, with an estimated < 300 monthly visitors a month. Click to view other data about this site.
cerastium, hardy ice plant, snow-in-summer, delosperma, gaillardia, blanket flower, laurentia, blue star creeper, belamcanda, blackberry lily
indiabizsource - browse our herbal health products category for natural health products, health awareness supplement, natural health supply, acorus calamus in india and across the global
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
This page contains the abstract: Effect of Coenzyme Q10, a Quinone Derivative, on Guinea Pig Lung and Tracheal Tissue http://www.chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/Coenzyme_Q10_Allergy.shtml
Calamus calamus es una especie de peces de la familia Sparidae en el orden de los Perciformes. • Los machos pueden llegar alcanzar los 56 cm de longitud total.[1]​ Se encuentra en las costas del Atlántico occidental (desde Carolina del Norte y Bermuda hasta el Brasil ). FishBase (en inglés) Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, Estados Unidos. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5. Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, Nueva Jersey, Estados Unidos : T.F.H. Publications, 2001. Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estados Unidos , 1997. Hoese, D.F. 1986: . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlín, Alemania. Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of ...
Proven Health Benefits of Calamus Root - Herbal Treatment The first health benefit of calamus root is to stimulate the blood circulation.
Ceratispa calami es un coleóptero de la familia Chrysomelidae. Ceratispa calami fue descrito científicamente por primera vez en 1960 por Gressitt.[1]​ Hallan, Joel (6 de junio de 2010). «Synopsis of the described Coleoptera of the World». Biology Catalog de la Universidad de Texas A&M‎ (en inglés ...
Find Calamus Roots manufacturers, suppliers, dealers, distributors, wholesalers in Salem Tamil Nadu India - Calamus Roots verified companies listings from Salem with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses, best deals and more
Established concepts of Chrysothamnus have been primarily based on morphological similarity or on molecular studies employing only exemplar taxa. Those investigations and treatments conceptualized Chrysothamnus as a single evolutionary unit with affinity for Ericameria, Petradoria, and Stenotus among other taxa. The hypotheses of relationship presented here are based on nuclear ribosomal 3′ ETS and ITS data that were analyzed using several optimality criteria. The results indicate that Chrysothamnus as traditionally perceived is polyphyletic, with species placed in four well-supported lineages. Three of the four clades also contain taxa from other genera. Seven species of Chrysothamnus along with Acamptopappus, Amphipappus, Hesperodoria scopulorum, Tonestus lyallii, and Vanclevea constitute one clade, while four species aggregate in another clade that includes Hesperodoria salicina, Tonestus microcephalus, and T. peirsonii. A third lineage consists of Chrysothamnus gramineus and appears ...
La Vesperpasero, Pooecetes gramineus, estas specio de mezgranda birdo de la familio de Emberizedoj. Ĝi estas monotipa en la genro Pooecetes (Baird 1858).. Plenkreskulo havas helbrunajn suprajn partojn kaj helajn sablokolorajn subajn partojn, ambaŭ kun pli malhela strieco nigreca en dorso kaj per izolitaj strioj en brusto dise el supra centra malhela makulo. Ili havas blankajn okulringon, gorĝon kaj mustaĉan strion kiu pluas sub kaj ĉirkaŭ bruna vango, kaj pli svagan helan superokulan strizonon. Ili havas ankaŭ longan malhelbrunan voston kiu montras blankajn eksterajn vostoplumojn dumfluge. En malhelbrunaj flugiloj videblas ripoze po du blankaj flugilstrioj ne tre markataj. La beko estas fortika kaj karnokolora kun pli nigreca supra bordo. La kruroj estas rozkolorecaj.. Ties reprodukta habitato estas malfermaj herbejaj areoj tra plej parto de Nordameriko, inklude ĉeŝoseajn areojn kaj stoplejojn, kaj ili disvastiĝas kaj reproduktiĝas tra suda Kanado kaj Usono. Tiuj birdoj migras al suda ...
Glucagon antagonists | Quinone derivative and electrophotographic photosensitive member | Process for the preparation of fluvoxamine maleate | Quinone derivative and electrophotographic photosensitive member | Antimicrobial compounds, their synthesis and applications thereof |
Calamus essential oil treats insomnia and headaches, boosts metabolism, provides relief from nervous spasms, improves blood circulation, and relieves arthritis.
3. Calamus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 325. 1753. 省藤属 sheng teng shu Cornera Furtado; Palmijuncus Kuntze; Rotang Adanson; Rotanga Boehmer; Schizospatha Furtado; Zalaccella Beccari.. Stems clustered or less often solitary, mostly slender and climbing, occasionally non-climbing and then either short and subterranean or free standing. Leaves 10-60, pinnate, spiny; sheaths closed in climbing stems, open in non-climbers, variously hairy and spiny, hairs of young sheaths soon wearing off; sheath spines scattered or densely arranged (rarely absent), or arranged in rows, occasionally hairy on margins, variously shaped and colored, sometimes arranged in overlapping, interlocking rings and forming chambers; sheath apices usually extended above point of insertion of petiole into an inconspicuous or prominent ocrea; knees present in climbing stems; flagella present in climbers, whiplike and armed with small, grapnel-like spines; cirri present in few species (and then flagella absent, and vice versa); pinnae ...
6075 Calamus 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves. ...
The quinones represent a class of organic compounds that are formally "derived from aromatic compounds [such as benzene or naphthalene] by conversion of an even number of -CH= groups into -C(=O)- groups with any necessary rearrangement of double bonds", resulting in "a fully conjugated cyclic dione structure". The class includes some heterocyclic compounds. A large scale industrial application of quinones is for the production of hydrogen peroxide. Natural quinones show a biological or pharmacological activity, and some of them show anti-tumoral activity. They embody some claims in herbal medicine. Some quinone derivatives are used for coloring substances (dyes and pigments) and oxidizing agents.. ...
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Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 ...
The Features of the town are labeled by Numbers on the map. Please look at the descriptions below and look for the Number of the location on the map, as well as in these descriptions. ...
A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. (1). A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole. (1). A plant genus in the family MYRTACEAE, order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known for allspice from the dried berry of Pimenta diocia. (1). A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in traditional medicine. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family Apiaceae. The seeds are used as flavoring. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The seed is used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating ...
A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. (1). A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole. (1). A plant genus in the family MYRTACEAE, order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known for allspice from the dried berry of Pimenta diocia. (1). A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in traditional medicine. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family Apiaceae. The seeds are used as flavoring. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The seed is used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating ...
Used to balance Vata - to relieve pain and inflammation, in cases of paralysis, facial paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis, Joint Pains, Back Ache, shoulder pains, sciatica, lumbago, muscular sprain and inflammation etc.. kolakulathadi ingredients:. Kola (Zizyphus jujube Lam.),. Kulattha - Horse gram (Dolichos biflorus Linn.),. Suradaru - Devadaru - (Cedrus deodara),. Rasna (Vanda roxburghi / Pluchea lanceolata),. Masha - Black gram (Phaseolus radiatus L.),. Atasi (Linum usitatissimum Linn.). Kushta - Saussurea lappa. Vacha - Acorus calamus. Shatahva - Indian Dill - Anethum sowa. Yava - Barley - Hordeum vulgare. Tailaphala - castor fruit (Eranda). Reference- Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 3/18.. Side effects:. ...
103) Achillea millefolium (Ryllik): Ungblad; Øl smaks-tilsetning; Te-erstatning under krigen. Viltvoksende i Trøndelag.. (57) Acorus calamus (Kalmusrot): Rot som grønnsak og kandidisert; Krydder (aromatisk); ung stilk og blad.. (84)= Allium ascalonicum (Sjalottløk): Hele planten (grønnsak og salatplante). (73) Allium cepa var. viviparum (Luftløk): Hele planten (grønnsak og salatplante). (43) Allium fistulosum (Pipeløk):: Hele planten (grønnsak og salatplante). (81) Allium sativum (Hvitløk): Hele planten (grønnsak og salatplante). Brukt i salatdressing.. (101) Allium schoenoprasum (Gressløk): Hele planten (grønnsak og salatplante). Blomstene brukes til pynt.. (94) Althea officinalis (Legestokkrose) : Blad og blomst (grønnsak og salatplante); "Marshmallows" stammer fra innkokt saft av røttene til legestokkrose. (115) Anchusa officinalis (Oksetunge): Blad og ungskudd (kokt). (29) Anethum graveolens (Dill): Blad, blomsterstand og frø. Velkjent krydderplante. Te. Dill-olje brukes i ...
Processed in Nimba (Melia azadirachta), Katvanga (Aillanthus excels), Kukundara (Blumea balsamifera), Bhringaraja (Eclipta alba), Lasuna (Alium Ascalonicum), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Kakamachi (Solanum nirgum), Lajjalu (Mimosa pudica). ...
Herbs, perennial, wetland, usually with aromatic oil, especially in rhizomes. Rhizomes horizontal, creeping at or near surface, branched. Stems repent, branched rhizomes. Cataphylls absent. Leaves not differentiated into petiole and blade, equitant, sword-shaped, larger than 1.5 cm; venation parallel along length of leaf. Inflorescences: spadices, from 3-angled axis (peduncle fused with proximal portion of sympodial leaf, i.e., leaf encircling terminal inflorescence), distal sympodial leaf extending beyond spadix; true spathe absent; spadix nearly cylindric, tapering, apex obtuse. Flowers bisexual; tepals 6; stamens 6, distinct; ovariesy 1, (1--)3-locular, sessile; stigmas sessile (styles essentially absent), minute. Fruits berries; pericarp thin, leathery. Seeds 1--6(--14), from apex of locule. Acorus historically was recognized as an aberrant genus within Araceae, but much evidence supports its treatment as a separate family and the removal of this family from Arales (M. H. Grayum 1987). Other ...
In the 1860 third edition of Leaves of Grass, Whitman included the twelve "Live Oak" poems along with others to form a sequence of 45 untitled numbered poems. This sequence as written celebrates many aspects of "comradeship" or "adhesive love," Whitmans term, borrowed from phrenology to describe male same-sex attraction.[6] This attraction is presented in its political, spiritual, metaphysical, and personal phases-Whitman offering it as the backbone of future nations, the root of religious sentiments, the solution to the big questions of life, and as a source of personal anguish and joy.. The 1860 edition contains three poems that Whitman would later edit out of the sequence, including the very personal Calamus 8, "Long I thought that knowledge alone would suffice me," and Calamus 9, "Hours continuing long, sore and heavy-hearted." Whitmans constant editing of his works meant that many of the other poems would change and shift throughout the editions of his life. By the 1881-82 edition, the ...
nomenclatural synonym:Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton longepedunculatus Mérat duplicate citation of:Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton gramineus f. longipedunculatus (Mérat) House Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 53. 1924 Id: 1217300-2 Version: 1.1.2.1.1.1 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Enzymatic removal of ,I,p,/I,-alkylphenols from aqueous solutions was investigated through the two-step approach, the quinone conversion of ,I,p,/I,-alkylphenols with mushroom tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1) and the subsequent adsorption of quinone derivatives enzymatically generated on chitosan beads at pH 7.0 and 45 °C as the optimum conditions. This technique is quite effective for removal of various ,I,p,/I,-alkylphenols from an aqueous solution. The % removal values of 97-100% were obtained for ,I,p,/I,-,I,n,/I,-alkylphenols with carbon chain lengths of 5 to 9. In addition, removal of other ,I,p,/I,-alkylphenols was enhanced by increasing either the tyrosinase concentration or the amount of added chitosan beads, and their % removal values reached ,93 except for 4-,I,tert,/I,-pentylphenol. This technique was also applicable to remove 4-,I,n,/I,-octylphenol (4NOP) and 4-,I,n,/I,-nonylphenol (4NNP) as suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals. The reaction of quinone derivatives enzymatically ...
Solid perfumes or cream perfumes are perfumes in solid state rather than the liquid mix of alcohol (ethanol) and water used in eau de parfum, eau de toilette, eau de cologne, etc. Normally the substance that gives the cream its base comes from a type of wax that is initially melted. Once melted, a scent or several scents may be added. Solid perfume is used either by rubbing a finger or dipping a cotton swab against it and then onto the skin. Sometimes solid perfume can take more time for the deeper notes to come out than a spray perfume. The latest solid perfumes are designed as handbag aromas, so a compact way of making perfume more portable. Historically, ointment-like unguents have been used as a type of solid perfume since Egyptian times. Perfumes of Ancient Egypt Mandy Aftel, Scents & Sensibilities: Creating Solid Perfumes for Well-Being, Gibbs Smith, 2005, ISBN 1-58685-738- ...
Calamus rotang is an evergreen Climber growing to 25 m (82ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
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Additionally having discussed with many many people interested in niche and buying lots of perfume, contrary to you (judging by your point of view presented) Im not so sure any more they are solely interested in the art of it all. By that I dont mean theyre not interested predominantly in the juice, because they are (were talking perfume aficionados, not just people buying perfume). But several people just opt to choose, own and wear perfume just for the pleasure of it all. They do not necessarily internalize or intellectualize so much -at not least not so much as we do on blogs and a few discussion platforms- because for them perfume is a sensualist escape, a guilty pleasure, a renegade defiance of the societal rules that inflicts such strict controls nowadays on what we can and cant do when in public. In short, perfume is first and foremost, a personal statement that has to do with their personality, their place in the world, their pleasure principle and only much later with the art ...
Yuan Longping planted a sea rice in the recently held 2016 World Conference on life science, Yuan Longping introduced the exploration of the cultivation of rice. It is understood that the day before the Qingdao city established the Qingdao water rice research center, this is the first national water rice research and development center, Yuan Longping served as chief scientist and director of the center. The center of the program in 3 years time, realize the rice planting 200 kg per mu breakthrough goal. Yuan Longping hope to be able to produce more than 300 kilograms per mu water rice future. The reason for this goal, Yuan Longping said that the need for rice fertilization, irrigation, pest control, which requires cost. The yield of rice water is not high, only about 100 kilograms per mu, is a semi wild state. Farmers do not even pay the cost of breeding, enthusiasm is not high. But if you can increase to 300 kilograms per mu, a sea of rice bargain. Yuan Longping said that at present, the ...
Perfume Emporium sells designer perfume, cologne, fragrances, and skin care at a discount of up to 70% off perfume high street prices. Discount Perfumes at Perfume Emporium.
Perfume Emporium sells designer perfume, cologne, fragrances, and skin care at a discount of up to 70% off perfume high street prices. Discount Perfumes at Perfume Emporium.
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Accepted name: NADPH dehydrogenase (quinone). Reaction: NADPH + H+ + a quinone = NADP+ + a quinol. Other name(s): reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (quinone) dehydrogenase; NADPH oxidase; NADPH2 dehydrogenase (quinone). Systematic name: NADPH:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase. Comments: A flavoprotein [1, 2]. The enzyme from Escherichia coli is specific for NADPH and is most active with quinone derivatives and ferricyanide as electron acceptors [3]. Menaquinone can act as acceptor. The enzyme from hog liver is inhibited by dicoumarol and folic acid derivatives but not by 2,4-dinitrophenol [1].. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 37256-37-4. References:. 1. Koli, A.K., Yearby, C., Scott, W. and Donaldson, K.O. Purification and properties of three separate menadione reductases from hog liver. J. Biol. Chem. 244 (1969) 621-629. [PMID: 4388793]. 2. Hayashi, M., Hasegawa, K., Oguni, Y. and Unemoto, T. Characterization of FMN-dependent ...
Several benzoquinones have been found effective in treating some forms of cancer [17]; in details, it has been shown that these compounds act on cells by regulating numerous mechanisms, such as apoptosis, cell cycle [30], interacting with human-telomeric G-quadruplex DNA [31] or producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) [32]. Our group has been interested for a long time in synthesis and biological evaluation of anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agents including quinone-based compounds [20-23]. Within the context of our investigations on quinone derivatives and on their possible therapeutic use, we recently studied the natural compound embelin and the synthetic derivative RF-Id [ 15, 19]. Previous research has demonstrated that embelin, a small inhibitor binding the Baculovirus Inhibitor of apoptosis protein Repeat (BIR) domain of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), suppressed proliferation of human glioma cells and induced apoptosis by inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway. Our ...
anthraquinone: The most important quinone derivative of anthracene and the parent substance of a large class of dyes and pigments. It is prepared commercially by oxidation of anthracene or condensation...
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Product Description:Supreme Cleanse is a kit containing four herbal blends, dietary and nutritional guidelines to support the body in a two-week internal cleansing and detoxifying program.Ingredients:Supreme Cleanse 1 -Rejuve Powder, Psyllium/Triphala Supreme, Psyllium Husks (plantago ovata blond), Thriphala Powder Extract (wildcrafted ayuvedic herb extract blend consisting of: Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula), Organic Marshmallow Root (althaea off), Deglycyrrhizinated Organic Licorice Root Extract (glycyrrhiza glabra), Organic Ginger Root (zingiber off) Supreme Cleanse 2 -Sweetish Bitters Elixir, Turmeric Root (curcuma longa), Fresh Gentian Root (gentiana lutea), Fresh Calamus Root (acorus calamus), Milk Thistle Seed (silybum marianum), Fresh Wild Yam Root (dioscora villosa) Cardamom Seed (elettaria cardamomum), Fennel Seed (foeniculum vulgare), Ginger Root (zingiber officinalis), Indian Gooseberry (emblica officinalis) Bitter Orange Essence, Anise Seed Essence, Blend of
Curing eye through Ayurvedic Herbs. Eye is one of the important organs for the perception of vision. Also many people have their beauty in their eyes. Even a minute thing that goes inside an eye makes a lot of trouble. So I have tried to collect some useful herbs for curing in the problem of an eye. Here are these herbs:-. a. Abelmoschus moschatus (Latakasturika)-Latakasturika is beneficial for eyes. Parts used - Root, seed and leaves.. b. Achyranthes aspera (Apamarga)-The root, seed and leaf of Apamarga is used in the form of juice and powder to treat eye diseases.. c. Acorus calamus (Vaca)-The rhizomes of Vaca is use in the form of powder, paste and decoction to treat eye diseases.. d. Aegle marmelos (Bilva)-The fruit, leaves and root of Bilva is used in the form of powder, juice and decoction to treat eye diseases.. e. Azadirachta indica (Nimba)-The all parts of Nimba is used in the form of juice and decoction to treat eye diseases.. f. Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava)-Punarnava root powder or ...
Nesta página são listadas as subclasses, ordens, famílias e géneros de monocotiledóneas segundo o sistema de classificação Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Monocotyledoneae o Liliopsida (seria colocada na categoria de classe) (sem nome) Acorales Acoraceae Acorus L. Monocotyledoneae ou Liliopsida (seria colocada na categoria de classe) (se nome) Alismatales Araceae Adelonema Schott = Homalomena Schott Afrorhaphidophora Engl. = Rhaphidophora Hassk. Aglaodorum Schott Aglaonema Schott Alloschemone Schott Alocasia (Schott) G.Don Amauriella Rendle = Anubias Schott Ambrosina Bassi Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne. Amydrium Schott Anadendrum Schott Anaphyllopsis A.Hay Anaphyllum Schott Anchomanes Schott Andromycia A.Rich. = Asterostigma Fisch. & C.A.Mey. Anepsias Schott = Rhodospatha Poepp. Anthurium Schott Anubias Schott Apatemone Schott = Schismatoglottis Zoll. & Moritzi Aphyllarum S.Moore = Caladium Vent. Aridarum Ridl. Ariopsis Nimmo Arisaema Mart. Arisarum Mill. Arodendron Werth = Typhonodorum ...
Aqua, Stearyl Alcohol, Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate, Cetrimonium Chloride, Heilmoor Clay, Macrocystis Integrifolia (Giant Kelp) Extract, Natamycin, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Oil, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Seed Extract, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract, Glycerin, Lauryl Lactate, Humulus Lupulus (Hops) Extract, Urtica Dioica (Nettle) Extract, Cymbopogon Citratus (Lemongrass) Leaf Oil, Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Oil, Juniperus Virginiana (Cedar) Wood Oil, Hydrolysed Keratin, Perilla Ocymoides Leaf Extract, Acorus Calamus Root Extract, Soybean Glycerides, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) Unsaponifiables. ...
Coco Mademoiselle Perfume on sale. Coco Mademoiselle by Chanel as low as $110.93 at fragranceX.com, FREE Shipping on orders over $35. Coco Mademoiselle, Coco Mademoiselle Perfume by Chanel, Released in 2001, coco mademoiselle is an intoxicating perfume for women that contains sweet and woody notes. The top notes of this perfume are instantly recognizable as bergamot, mandarin orange, orange and orange blossom. The middle notes are turkish rose, jasmine and mimosa while the notes at the base consist of white musk, vetiver, vanilla, opoponax, patchouli and tonka bean. To show off both sophistication and sensuality, this perfume cannot be beat. Chanel has been created first-class perfumes since 1920, and for nearly a century, they have continued a strong legacy of excellence. The company was truly a trendsetter in the perfuming world due to their exceptional advertising and innovating marketing tactics of acquiring celebrity endorsements for their scents. The perfumer responsible for coco mademoiselle is
By chance, I ended up with samples of Tauer Perfumes Noontide Petals and Hermès Jour dHermès the same week. Here were two fragrances embodying floral bouquets, created by two very different noses. Naturally, the fragrances dont smell alike, but I didnt expect that. What struck me was the distinctly divergent shape and feel each perfume takes on skin. Sometimes whats most compelling about a fragrance is how it feels.. Noontide Petals, by Andy Tauer, has top notes of aldehydes and Bourbon geranium; heart notes of rose, ylang ylang, tuberose and jasmine; and what Tauer astutely calls "body" notes of patchouli, frankincense, vanilla, sandalwood, iris, styrax and vetiver.. Noontide Petals aldehydes kick off the fragrance with a fizz, but aldehydic floral-phobes, dont fear - this fragrance is no airy Chanel. Instead, the fruity aldehydes merely push the fragrance off the dock into lake. The perfumes floral layer is juicy and June-pretty, with no one flower dominating.. For those of you who ...
The perfume contains top notes of citrus, Florida orange, Bourbon geranium, and rose. The heart is composed of pink pepper, ginger, carnation, and clove. Base notes are Atlas cedar, musk, and vanilla.. Dianthus is the first Etro fragrance to be labeled as a womens fragrance as the brand usually prefers to stick to an unisex categorization. The result, mind you, is not overly feminine. In fact, I do not sense any great degree of emphasized femininity in it when I compare it to Heliotrope; It is perhaps a bit richer.. The perfume centers on carnation and is fairly linear with only discreet changes. It starts with a candied carnation impression, gentle and soft on a light bed of powder with some pink pepper already titillating the nose as well as a zesty undercurrent running underneath. My first thought was Guerlain Shalimar meets Villoresi Teint de Neige meet carnation. There is also the soapy undertone I mentioned earlier. The fragrance continues to evolve becoming creamier and then a bit ...
Simply Sexy Love Pheromone Infused Perfume Gift Set. Pheromone infused fragrance that embodies the excitement and passion of romance. Delicate fragrance infused with velvety notes of jasmine and sandalwood, breathtaking florals and a sensual touch of vanilla. Formulated to enhance sex appeal. Perfect gift for yourself or for a special occasion. Paraben Free. Product not tested on animals. Set includes 1 Simply Sexy Love Pheromone Infused Perfume 0.4 oz. 1 Simply Sexy Love Pheromone Infused Bath Shower Gel 1.7 oz. 1 Simply Sexy Love Pheromone Infused Shimmer Lotion 1.7 oz. 1 bonus Fluffy Poof Keychain Charm ...
Category:Acorus calamus - Wikimedia Commons  Category:Acorus calamus - Wikimedia Commons
Media in category "Acorus calamus". The following 70 files are in this category, out of 70 total. ... Acorus calamus - Agri-Horticultural Society of India - Alipore - Kolkata 2013-01-05 2317.JPG 4,000 × 6,016; 11.81 MB. ... Acorus calamus variegatus-1-nature love-yercaud-salem-India.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.87 MB. ... Acorus calamus variegatus-2-nature love-yercaud-salem-India.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.73 MB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Acorus_calamus
Acorus calamus - Wikispecies  Acorus calamus - Wikispecies
Genus: Acorus. Species: Acorus calamus. Varietas: A. c. var. americanus - A. c. var. angustatus - A. c. var. calamus ... Acorus calamus L. Sp. Pl. 324. (1753). Synonyms[edit]. *Homotypic *Calamus aromaticus Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 40 (1764), ... Latina: Acorus calamus. latviešu: Parastā kalme, Smaržīgā kalme, Kalme. lietuvių: Balinis ajeras. magyar: Orvosi kálmos. മലയാളം ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acorus_calamus&oldid=3006440" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Acorus_calamus
Calamus Root - Acorus calamus - Organic Calamus Root  Calamus Root - Acorus calamus - Organic Calamus Root
The three forms are Tetraploid Form Acorus Calamus var. Angustatus (~70% β-asarone), Triploid Form Acorus Calamus var. ... Calamus root is also known as Acorus calamus, Vacha, Bach Agri-turki and Baje, Warning: For external use only. Not for use ... Calamus (9-13% β-asarone), and Diploid Form Acorus Calamus var. Americanus (free of β-asarone). ... In terms of Triploid Form, our calamus root is Acorus Calamus var. Calamus. ...
more infohttps://www.starwest-botanicals.com/category/calamus-root/?sort=price&sort_direction=1
The Dual Antimelanogenic and Antioxidant Activities of the Essential Oil Extracted from the Leaves of Acorus macrospadiceus ...  The Dual Antimelanogenic and Antioxidant Activities of the Essential Oil Extracted from the Leaves of Acorus macrospadiceus ...
Z. Du, R. A. Clery, and C. J. Hammond, "Volatiles from leaves and rhizomes of fragrant Acorus spp. (Acoraceae)," Chemistry and ... Plants of the Acorus species have fragrant leaves and rhizomes; they belong to the Acoraceae family. Those plants are found ... An earlier study on the volatiles from the leaves and rhizomes of Acorus spp. found that methylchavicol (49%) is the major ... However, the other chemical components in this essential oil were different from those of the other Acorus species [26]. ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/781280/
Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus) | heritage and heirloom seeds  Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus) | heritage and heirloom seeds
Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates' day (460-377 BCE) for curing ... A. aromaticus, Acorus calamus, Calamus aromaticus, Oronthium cochinchinensis. Group:. Seeds. Tags. Description. Sweet Flag ( ... Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates day (460-377 BCE) for curing toothache ...
more infohttps://www.magicgardenseeds.com/Difficult-growing-locations/Sweet-Flag-
Acorus tatarinowii - HerbPedia  Acorus tatarinowii - HerbPedia
Acorus tatarinowii, a relative of Acorus calamus found in China known locally as Shi-Chang-Pu, was shown to contain the ... 1. [Study on GC-MS fingerprint analysis in rhizome of volatile oil of Acorus tatarinowii]. ...
more infohttp://herbpedia.wikidot.com/acorus-tatarinowii
Acorus calamus | Henriettes Herbal Homepage  Acorus calamus | Henriette's Herbal Homepage
Acorus calamus. Click here for photos of Acorus calamus.. Acorus calamus L. Engl.: calamus, European sweet flag, sweet flag, ... Fran.: acore roseau, acore calame, acore odorant, acore vrai, acorus aromatique, belle-angélique, radote, roseau odorant. Sven ...
more infohttps://www.henriettes-herb.com/plants/acorus/calamus.html
Acorus calamus | Article about acorus calamus by The Free Dictionary  Acorus calamus | Article about acorus calamus by The Free Dictionary
Find out information about acorus calamus. sweetflag Grass-like plant with cattail-type leaves and thin green ... An overview on traditional uses and pharmacological profile of acorus calamus Linn. (Sweet flag) and other acorus species ... Acorus calamus , Article about acorus calamus by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/acorus+calamus ... Acorus Calamus translates as medical plant" and indicates this companys work in the marketing of both tea and herbs.. Tea in ...
more infohttp://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/acorus+calamus
Acorus calamus | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural Medicine  Acorus calamus | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural Medicine
This topic has 6 study abstracts on Acorus calamus indicating that they may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Insulin ... Substances : Acorus calamus, Bitter Apple, Bitter Melon, Ginkgo biloba, Holy Basil, Kratom, Olive, Palash, Phyllanthus amarus ... Acorus calamus has a neuroprotective effect against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced ischaemia in rat.Apr 01, 2006. ... 9 Abstracts with Acorus calamus Research. Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ...
more infohttps://www.greenmedinfo.health/substance/acorus-calamus
Calamus (Acorus calamus L.) - Bubbas Medicine Shop  Calamus (Acorus calamus L.) - Bubba's Medicine Shop
angustatus Bess, Acorus calamus var. angustatus Bess, Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton, Acorus gramineus Soland, Acorus ... Acoraceae (family), acorenone, Acori graminei rhizoma, acorone, Acorus calamus L., Acorus calamus L. essential oils, Acorus ... Calamus (Acorus calamus L.). Also listed as: Sweetflag, Acorus calamus L.. Related terms. ... Acorus calamus L. (family Araceae/Acoraceae) has long, narrow leaves and an aromatic rootstock. It is similar to the iris in ...
more infohttp://www.bubbasonline.com/ns/DisplayMonograph.asp?StoreID=BA3866162FD44C42AC69F66F4FEE7222&DocID=bottomline-calamus
10 Top Health Benefits and Uses of Vacha (Acorus Calamus)  10 Top Health Benefits and Uses of Vacha (Acorus Calamus)
... October 20, 2017 Health No Comments ... Vacha (Acorus Calamus) has been recognized in the Pharmacopoeia of Austria, Germany, Holland, Hungry, Italy, Norway, Russia, ... Skin care: Take the equal amount of powder of acorus calamus, symplocos racemosa and rice powder. Now pounded it with cows ... Strengthens male organ: Take the equal portion of Acorus calam us, Sida cordifolia, Sida spinosa, Saussurea Auriculata, ...
more infohttp://www.gyanunlimited.com/health/10-top-health-benefits-and-uses-of-vacha-acorus-calamus/11478/
White Lotus Aromatics Blog: Calamus(Acorus calamus) Native American Uses  White Lotus Aromatics Blog: Calamus(Acorus calamus) Native American Uses
Herbcraft - Acorus calamus... - Jim McDonald. The Ethnobotany of Sweet Flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae). ...
more infohttp://www.whitelotusblog.com/2013/11/calamusacorus-calamus-native-american.html
Long branch attraction, taxon sampling, and the earliest angiosperms: Amborella or monocots? | BMC Evolutionary Biology | Full...  Long branch attraction, taxon sampling, and the earliest angiosperms: Amborella or monocots? | BMC Evolutionary Biology | Full...
Trees with both Acorus and grasses gave either a well-supported Amborella-sister topology or else a highly unlikely topology ... With Acorus alone representing monocots, strongly supported Amborella-sister trees were obtained in all maximum likelihood and ... with 100% support for grasses-sister and paraphyly of monocots (i.e., Acorus sister to dicots rather than to grasses). Second ... First, we sequenced a large number of chloroplast genes from the monocot Acorus and added these plus previously sequenced ...
more infohttps://0-bmcevolbiol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-4-35
Calamus Essential Oil | EssentialOil.Net - Your Botanical Resource  Calamus Essential Oil | EssentialOil.Net - Your Botanical Resource
Latin Name: acorus calamus. Alternative Name: sweet sedge, sweet grass, sweet root, myrtle grass, cinnamon sedge, rat root, ... Acorus Calamus by Examine.com. *Effects of asarone and β-asarone on conditioned responses, fighting behaviour and convulsions ... Detection of Acorus Calamus in Ayurvedic preparations by Europe PubMed Central. *Vacha: Brain Tonic by Dr. R. Vatsyayan, ... MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF ACORUS CALAMUS Kumar Amit, Vandana, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, published in the Journal of ...
more infohttp://essentialoil.net/uncategorized/calamus-essential-oil/
Calamus Essential Oil  Calamus Essential Oil
Acorus Calamus Origin:AsiaExtraction Method: Steam Distilled Plant Part: rootsStrength of Aroma: Moderate Aromatic Scent: sweet ...
more infohttp://www.purpleecovillage.com/calamus_essential_oil.html
Beta-Asarone - HerbPedia  Beta-Asarone - HerbPedia
Acorus calamus from Nepal typically contains a large amount of beta-asarone. Acorus calamus from India usually contains very ... Beta-asarone is a propenylbenzene found in Acorus calamus and related herbs. Calamus oil from Nepal is very high in beta- ... However, not all Acorus calamus contains sufficient quantities of beta-asarone to be effective. ... 2. β-asarone from Acorus gramineus alleviates depression by modulating MKP-1. ...
more infohttp://herbpedia.wikidot.com/beta-asarone
Evaluation of Antifungal Properties of Certain Plants against Drechslera Oryzae Causing Brown Leaf Spot of Rice in Manipur...  Evaluation of Antifungal Properties of Certain Plants against Drechslera Oryzae Causing Brown Leaf Spot of Rice in Manipur...
In field trial, aqueous extract of Acorus calamus showed maximum percentage of disease control and reduced the disease ... Among the plants extracts, Acorus calamus extract at 20% concentration alone showed 80.0% inhibition of mycelial growth whereas ...
more infohttp://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0513.php?rp=P171193
  • First, we sequenced a large number of chloroplast genes from the monocot Acorus and added these plus previously sequenced Acorus genes to the Goremykin et al. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The antimelanogenic and antioxidant activities of the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Acorus macrospadiceus (Yamamoto) F. N. Wei et Y. K. Li have never been explored. (hindawi.com)
  • Acorus calamus has insulin releasing and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity, confirming its traditional use in American and Indonesia for diabetes. (greenmedinfo.health)
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