Acorus: A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in TRADITIONAL MEDICINE.Rhizome: Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.Polygala: A plant genus of the family POLYGALACEAE that contains onjisaponins, xanthones, pyrones, and benzophenones. The name is similar to other snakeroots such as ASARUM; SANICULA; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.Anisoles: A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.Iridaceae: A monocot plant family of the Liliopsida class. It is classified by some in the Liliales order and some in the Asparagales order.Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Calamus: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE that should not be confused with ACORUS CALAMUS.Necator americanus: A common parasite of humans in the moist tropics and subtropics. These organisms attach to villi in the small intestine and suck blood causing diarrhea, anorexia, and anemia.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. 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It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Cupressaceae: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.Hydrastis: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain BERBERINE.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Lindera: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. Lindera benzoin is a source of a balsamic resin called benzoin which is up to 1/3 BENZOIC ACID. This should not be confused with the chemical BENZOIN or the plant STYRAX BENZOIDES.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Cunninghamella: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Cunninghamellaceae, order MUCORALES. Some species cause systemic infections in humans.Feathers: Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Neuropharmacology: The branch of pharmacology dealing especially with the action of drugs upon various parts of the nervous system.Psychopharmacology: The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Famous PersonsNova Scotia: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)OklahomaLouisianaWetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Lotus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.IndiaDrug Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Aedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Eichhornia: A plant genus of the family PONTEDERIACEAE that is used as a biological filter for treating wastewater.Carps: Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Weevils: BEETLES in the family Curculionidae and the largest family in the order COLEOPTERA. They have a markedly convex shape and many are considered pests.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Long-term anoxia tolerance in leaves of Acorus calamus L. and Iris pseudacorus L. (1/18)

Mature green leaves of Acorus calamus and Iris pseudacorus have been shown to survive at least 28 d of total anoxia in the dark during the growing season, increasing up to 75 d and 60 d in overwintering leaves in A. calamus and I. pseudacorus, respectively. During the period of anaerobic incubation the glycolytic rate is reduced, carbohydrate reserves are conserved and ethanol levels in the tissues reached an equilibrium. Prolonged anoxia significantly suppressed leaf capacity for respiration and photosynthesis. After 28 d of anoxia, respiratory capacity was reduced in A. calamus and I. pseudacorus by 80% and 90%, respectively. The photosynthetic capacity of leaves decreased by 83% in A. calamus and by 97% in I. pseudacorus after 28 d of anoxia. This reduction in photosynthetic capacity was accompanied by a modification of the chlorophyll fluorescence pattern indicating damage to the PSII reaction centre and subsequent electron transport. Chlorophyll content was only slightly reduced after 28 d under anoxia and darkness in A. calamus, whereas there was a 50% reduction in I. pseudacorus. On return to air A. calamus leaves that endured 28 d of anoxia recovered full photosynthetic activity within 7 d while those of I. pseudacorus had a lag phase of 3-10 d. This well-developed ability to endure prolonged periods of oxygen deprivation in both these species is associated with a down-regulation in metabolic activity in response to the imposition of anaerobiosis. It is suggested that when leaf damage eventually does take place in these species after protracted oxygen deprivation, it is anoxic rather than post-anoxic stress that is responsible.  (+info)

Inhibitory effects of the fragrance inhalation of essential oil from Acorus gramineus on central nervous system. (2/18)

The present study was designed to evaluate central inhibitory effects of the essential oil from Acori graminei Rhizoma (AGR), the dry rhizomes of Acorus gramineus SOLANDER (Araceae) upon fragrance inhalation (aroma therapy). Preinhalation of the oil markedly delayed the appearance of pentylenetetrazole-induced convulsion. Furthermore, inhalation impressively inhibited the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase, a degrading enzyme for GABA as the inhalation period was lengthened. The GABA level was significantly increased and glutamate content was significantly decreased in mouse brain by preinhalation of the essential oil. The above results suggest that the anticonvulsive effect of this AGR oil is originated by the enhancement of GABA level in the mouse brain, because convulsion depends partially on GABA concentration which can be properly preserved by inhibiting GABA transaminase. Moreover, fragrance inhalation progressively prolonged the pentobarbital-induced sleeping time as inhalation time was lengthened. Ten hour inhalation corresponded almost to the effect (145% increase) of oral administration (60 mg/kg). This sedative effect after inhalation or oral administration of AGR essential oil suggests that this oil may act on the CNS via the GABAergic system. The inhibitory activity of preinhalation of the essential oil on lipid peroxidation, to which the anticonvulsive action is attributed, also supported the above results, confirming and amplifying our previous reports on the CNS inhibitory effects of AGR.  (+info)

Analysis of Acorus calamus chloroplast genome and its phylogenetic implications. (3/18)

Determining the phylogenetic relationships among the major lines of angiosperms is a long-standing problem, yet the uncertainty as to the phylogenetic affinity of these lines persists. While a number of studies have suggested that the ANITA (Amborella-Nymphaeales-Illiciales-Trimeniales-Aristolochiales) grade is basal within angiosperms, studies of complete chloroplast genome sequences also suggested an alternative tree, wherein the line leading to the grasses branches first among the angiosperms. To improve taxon sampling in the existing chloroplast genome data, we sequenced the chloroplast genome of the monocot Acorus calamus. We generated a concatenated alignment (89,436 positions for 15 taxa), encompassing almost all sequences usable for phylogeny reconstruction within spermatophytes. The data still contain support for both the ANITA-basal and grasses-basal hypotheses. Using simulations we can show that were the ANITA-basal hypothesis true, parsimony (and distance-based methods with many models) would be expected to fail to recover it. The self-evident explanation for this failure appears to be a long-branch attraction (LBA) between the clade of grasses and the out-group. However, this LBA cannot explain the discrepancies observed between tree topology recovered using the maximum likelihood (ML) method and the topologies recovered using the parsimony and distance-based methods when grasses are deleted. Furthermore, the fact that neither maximum parsimony nor distance methods consistently recover the ML tree, when according to the simulations they would be expected to, when the out-group (Pinus) is deleted, suggests that either the generating tree is not correct or the best symmetric model is misspecified (or both). We demonstrate that the tree recovered under ML is extremely sensitive to model specification and that the best symmetric model is misspecified. Hence, we remain agnostic regarding phylogenetic relationships among basal angiosperm lineages.  (+info)

Developmental anatomy of the root cortex of the basal monocotyledon, Acorus calamus (Acorales, Acoraceae). (4/18)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The anatomical structure and development of adventitious roots were analysed in the basal monocotyledon, Acorus calamus, to determine to what extent those features are related to phylogenetic position. METHODS: Root specimens were harvested and sectioned, either with a hand microtome or freehand, at varying distances from the root tip and examined under the microscope using a variety of staining techniques. KEY RESULTS: Roots of Acorus calamus possess a unique set of developmental characteristics that produce some traits similar to those of another basal angiosperm group, Nymphaeales. The root apical meristem organization seems to be intermediate between that of a closed and an open monocotyledonous root apical meristem organization. The open-type root apical meristem consists of a curved zone of cortical initials and epidermal initials overlying the vascular cylinder initials; the epidermal part of the meristem varies in its association with the cortical initials and columellar initials of the promeristem. The cortex develops an endodermis with only Casparian bands, a dimorphic exodermis with Casparian bands and suberin lamellae, and a polygonal aerenchyma by differential expansion, as also observed in the Nymphaeales and some dicotyledonous species. The stele has characteristics like those of members of the Nymphaeaceae. CONCLUSIONS: Specific anatomical and developmental attributes of Acorus roots seem to be related to the phylogenetic position of this genus.  (+info)

Protective effect of Acorus calamus LINN on free radical scavengers and lipid peroxidation in discrete regions of brain against noise stress exposed rat. (5/18)

Exposure to continuous loud noise is a serious health problem due to excess production of oxygen free radicals. In medical research, more attention is paid to the antioxidant properties of medicinal plants to minimize the harmful effects of radicals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of both ethyl acetate and methanolic extract of Acorus calamus LINN against noise stress (30 d, 100 dBA/4h/d) induced changes in the rat brain. We measured the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), vitamin C, vitamin E, protein thiols and lipid peroxidation (LPO) for the evaluation of oxidative stress status in discrete regions of the rat brain like cerebral cortex, cerebellum, pons-medulla, midbrain, hippocampus and hypothalamus. The results indicated that during exposure of noisy environment ROS generation led to increase in corticosterone, LPO and SOD, but decrease in CAT, GPx, GSH, protein thiols, vitamins C and E levels. Both the ethyl acetate and methanolic extract of Acorus calamus protected most of the changes in the rat brain induced by noise-stress.  (+info)

Antifungal properties of haem peroxidase from Acorus calamus. (6/18)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plants have evolved a number of inducible defence mechanisms against pathogen attack, including synthesis of pathogenesis-related proteins. The aim of the study was to purify and characterize antifungal protein from leaves of Acorus calamus. METHODS: Leaf proteins from A. calamus were fractionated by cation exchange chromatography and gel filtration and the fraction inhibiting the hyphal extension of phytopathogens was characterized. The temperature stability and pH optima of the protein were determined and its presence was localized in the leaf tissues. KEY RESULTS: The purified protein was identified as a class III haem peroxidase with a molecular weight of approx. 32 kDa and pI of 7.93. The temperature stability of the enzyme was observed from 5 degrees C to 60 degrees C with a temperature optimum of 36 degrees C. Maximum enzyme activity was registered at pH 5.5. The pH and temperature optima were corroborated with the antifungal activity of the enzyme. The enzyme was localized in the leaf epidermal cells and lumen tissues of xylem, characteristic of class III peroxidases. The toxic nature of the enzyme which inhibited hyphal growth was demonstrated against phytopathogens such as Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium moniliforme and Trichosporium vesiculosum. Microscopic observations revealed distortion in the hyphal structure with stunted growth, increased volume and extensive hyphal branching. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that peroxidases may have a role to play in host defence by inhibiting the hyphal extension of invading pathogens.  (+info)

Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil intoxications. (7/18)

Preparations of the plant Acorus calamus (calamus or sweet flag) (A. calamus) are available via internet trade and marketed as being hallucinogenic. In 2003-2006, the Swedish Poisons Information Centre received inquiries about 30 clinical cases of intentional intoxication with A. calamus products. The present investigation aimed to identify alpha- and beta-asarone, considered active components of A. calamus, and metabolites thereof in urine samples collected in seven of these cases. To further aid the identification of asarone biotransformation products, a calamus oil preparation was incubated with the fungus Cunninghamella elegans, which is used as a microbial model of mammalian drug metabolism. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis in selected ion monitoring mode, alpha-asarone was detected in five urine samples at concentrations ranging between approximately 11 and 1150 microg/L and beta-asarone in four of those at approximately 22-220 microg/L. A previously identified asarone metabolite, trans-2,4,5-trimethoxycinnamic acid (trans-TMC), was detected in the fungus broth by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry whereas cis-TMC was tentatively identified in the human urine samples. Using GC-MS, a hydroxylated asarone metabolite was identified both in fungus broth and urine samples. However, this study demonstrated no evidence for the presence of 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine, claimed as a hallucinogenic component of A. calamus. The main clinical symptom reported by the patients was prolonged vomiting that sometimes lasted more than 15 h.  (+info)

Beta-asarone improves cognitive function by suppressing neuronal apoptosis in the beta-amyloid hippocampus injection rats. (8/18)

Elevated levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brains being a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been believed to play a critical role in the cognitive dysfunction that occurs in AD. Recent evidence suggests that Abeta induces neuronal apoptosis in the brain and in primary neuronal cultures. In this study, we investigated the effects of beta-asarone, the major ingredient of Acorus Tatarinowii Schott, on cognitive function and neuronal apoptosis in Abeta hippocampus injection rats and its mechanism of action. The results show that the Abeta (1-42) injection caused impairments in spatial reference memory in a Morris water maze task and apoptosis in hippocampus. Oral administration of beta-asarone with three different dose (12.5, 25, or 50 mg/kg) for 28 d ameliorated Abeta (1-42)-induced cognitive impairment and reversed the increase of apoptosis in the hippocampus. Abeta-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) results in phosphorylation, subsequent down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-w expression, and caspase-3 activation. Beta-asarone attenuate Abeta (1-42)-induced neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus by reversal down-regulation of Bcl-2, Bcl-w, caspase-3 activation, and JNK phosphorylation. These results suggest that beta-asarone may be a potential candidate for development as a therapeutic agent to manage cognitive impairment associated with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease.  (+info)

Calamus Rhizome (Acorus gramineus; Japanese Sweet Flag; Shi Chang Pu) 5:1 Extract Powder 100 gm: V (Special Order)-Calamus Rhizome (Acorus gramineus; Japanese Sweet Flag; Shi Chang Pu) 5:1 Extract Powder 100 gm: V ....Learn More At Kalyx.com.
In 1968 the Food and Drug Administration banned Acorus calamus from being used as a food additive and as a medicinal as a result of lab studies that involved supplementing the diets of lab animals over a prolonged period of time with massive doses of isolated chemicals (β-asarone) from the Indian Jammu strain of Acorus calamus. The plant was labeled procarcinogenic.[3][4][5][unreliable source?] Wichtl says "It is not clear whether the observed carcinogenic effects in rats are relevant to the human organism."[6] However, most sources advise caution in ingesting strains other than the diploid strain. Like the diploid strains of Acorus calamus in parts of the Himalayas, Mongolia, and C Siberia, the Acorus americanus diploid strain does not contain the procarcinogenic β-asarone.[7][8][verification needed][9] Research has consistently demonstrated that "β-asarone was not detectable in the North American spontaneous diploid Acorus [Calamus var. Americanus]".[10] It is believed by some that calamus ...
A metabolite of beta-asarone is the reason Acurus calamus is known in some cultures as a psychedelic. However, not all Acorus calamus contains sufficient quantities of beta-asarone to be effective. Acorus calamus from Nepal typically contains a large amount of beta-asarone. Acorus calamus from India usually contains very little beta-asarone, and will cause extreme nausea before doses high enough to get some minor effects from beta-asarone are ingested.. Its important to note that beta-asarone itself is not active. One of its metabolites can produce psychedelic effects in man. Not everyones body metabolizes beta-asarone the same way, leading to different results for different individuals. Some people are not able to experience psychedelic effects from ingesting beta-asarone. This is because their bodies do not produce enough of the active metabolite to experience effects.. The active metabolite of beta-asarone is currently unidentified. There has been speculation of it being an amphetamine, ...
Looking for acorus calamus? Find out information about acorus calamus. sweetflag Grass-like plant with cattail-type leaves and thin green
Acorus gramineus is a plant closesly related to its cousin Acorus calamus, both being wetland lovers with extremely pleasant smelling reed like leaves who most likely originated in India but can now be found growing throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Calamus of all types has been used medicinally and spiritually from Asia to India to Europe and the United states, although its internal consumption is now restricted by the FDA. In the Traditional Chinese system of Medicine, Acorus gramineus would have been boiled in doses of 3-6 grams to create an herbal tea decoction. The herb can cause nausea in high doses, and we have found that 2-4 grams of the freshly powdered herb taken in capsules provides an adequate dose without causing stomach discomfort. Acorus gramineus has been used in the Traditional Chinese system of Medicine as a cognition aid, to support healthy development of the functions of the mind in young adults and children, and is believed to be a premier tonic for expelling phlegm and
Acorus tatarinowii, a relative of Acorus calamus found in China known locally as Shi-Chang-Pu, was shown to contain the following compounds in the essential oil steam distilled from the root.. ...
Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates' day (460-377 BCE) for curing toothache and dysentery. An infusion made from its roots is good for the stomach. Calamus was used by the Cree Indians
This topic has 6 study abstracts on Acorus calamus indicating that they may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Insulin Resistance, Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1, and Epileptic Seizures
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Superior quality bulk Calamus Root available from Starwest - offering the finest chinese, craft, culinary, and therapeutic herbs since 1975.
The verses in the prophets (op. cit.) clearly indicate the value of calamus and the fact that it was widely traded with nations in Asia. Two plants have been suggested. The first is a widespread plant of wetlands in the northern hemispheres of both the Old and New Worlds, Acorus calamus L. (Araceae). The rhizome has a peculiar sweet, lingering aroma suitable as a "carrier" in a perfume. Motley (1994) suggests that A. calamus is the calamus mentioned in Exodus 3 for the anoint ing oil applied to priests and objects in the tabernacle. Milne and Milne (1967) state that A. calamus was found in the tombs of the Pharaohs but cite no reference. Acorus calamus is not listed in a modern treatment of perfumery (Calkin and Jellinek 1994) but is still used in medicine and cosmetics (Leung and Foster 1996 ...
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Since childhood I have been interested in the world of natural aromatics. This interest gradually developed into our home business White Lotus Aromatics. Keypoints along this aromatic journey were: 1) living on a small farm in India where many tropical fragrant plants were to be found 2) a career in horticulture, highlighted by working on a formal garden estate, Filoli 3) many journeys throughout the length and breadth of India to explore Indias ancient and modern aromatic traditions. Please note that I have an interest in the wonderful world of natural aromatics, but have no therapeutic expertise. Any mention of ayurveda or other traditional healing systems in strictly for cultural interest ...
Antifungal activity of aqueous extracts of locally available plants which are known for their medicinal values were tested in vitro against Drechslera oryzae, the causal organism of brown leaf spot of rice. The plants extracts were tested against the mycelial growth of D. oryzae at different concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% using poisoned food technique. Among the plants extracts, Acorus calamus extract at 20% concentration alone showed 80.0% inhibition of mycelial growth whereas the other tested plants showed less inhibitory effect. In field trial, aqueous extract of Acorus calamus showed maximum percentage of disease control and reduced the disease incidence by 45.29% as compared with control plot.
Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012) Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok ...
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PTB Reports [Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biomedical Reports] - It is an international, peer-review, open access, online journal publishing research articles, review articles, clinical case reports and recent trends in experimental and clinical pharmacology, toxicology and Biomedicine. It covers clinical pharmacokinetics, biochemical pharmacology, clinical biochemistry, molecular biology, analytical toxicology, psychopharmacology, neuropharmacology, cardiovascular and renal pharmacology and other systemic pharmacology.. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Forms Available: essential oil, CO2 extraction. The essential oil of Calamus should be strictly avoided during pregnancy as it has the potent to stimulate contractions in the uterine cavity and induce menstruation, being an emmenagogue and might lead to miscarriage or abortion. It is also advisable to restrict the use of Calamus oil during breastfeeding.. Many studies suggest that Calamus oil may have carcinogenic or cancer causing effects and might be toxic when used in excess. The prime chemical constituents responsible for its adverse effects are β-asarone (about 78.4%), α-asarone (about 6.8%) and methyleugenol (about 2%) in Acorus Calamus oil, which is of Indian origin. Various in vivo and in vitro studies have witnessed the negative potent of β-asarone in inducing the growth of malignant tumors.. The European Council files β-asarone as "substances which are suspected to be genotoxic carcinogens and therefore no MDI can be set". According to the 1988 European Community Council, both the ...
... - Botanical Name: Acorus Calamus Origin:AsiaExtraction Method: Steam Distilled Plant Part: rootsStrength of Aroma: Moderate Aromatic Scent: sweet cinnamon-likeBlends well with: Lavender and Ylang YlangCalamus Essential Oil Offeri
Thangavel Ponrasu, Karuppanan Natarajan Madhukumar, Moorthy Ganeshkumar, Kuttalam Iyappan, Vilvanathan Sangeethapriya, Vinaya Subramani Gayathri, Lonchin Suguna. Pharmacognosy Magazine 2014 10(38):299-305. Background: The rhizomes of Acorus calamus and their essential oil are widely used in the flavoring industry and production of alcoholic beverages in Europe. Recent reports have confirmed the presence of several pharmacological components in the rhizomes of A. calamus. Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the efficacy of topical administration of ethanolic extract of A. calamus on dermal wound healing in rats. Wound healing is a natural process occurring in living organisms, which results in a complete or partial remodeling of injured tissue and ultimately progresses to the formation of a fibrous scar. Several natural products have been reported to augment the wound healing process. Materials and Methods: An ethanolic extract of A. calamus was prepared and its wound-healing ...
Numerous studies, using in aggregate some 28 genes, have achieved a consensus in recognizing three groups of plants, including Amborella, as comprising the basal-most grade of all other angiosperms. A major exception is the recent study by Goremykin et al. (2003; Mol. Biol. Evol. 20:1499-1505), whose analyses of 61 genes from 13 sequenced chloroplast genomes of land plants nearly always found 100% support for monocots as the deepest angiosperms relative to Amborella, Calycanthus, and eudicots. We hypothesized that this conflict reflects a misrooting of angiosperms resulting from inadequate taxon sampling, inappropriate phylogenetic methodology, and rapid evolution in the grass lineage used to represent monocots. We used two main approaches to test this hypothesis. First, we sequenced a large number of chloroplast genes from the monocot Acorus and added these plus previously sequenced Acorus genes to the Goremykin et al. (2003) dataset in order to explore the effects of altered monocot sampling under the
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
An attractive, fast growing, rhizomatous wetland plant reaching a maximum size of 6.5 x 7 ( rarely over 4 ) feet, that is native to marshes of much of North America ( from Alaska to Smithers, British Columbia to Lake Athabasca, Alberta to Lake Nipigon, Ontario to Chapleau, Ontario to Nova Scotia; south to Washington to Oklahoma to Louisiana to Georgia ). In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it is noted as being locally common in southwestern Essex County, Point Pelee and the Lake Erie Islands as well as the Ohio shore during the 1800s. It was also abundant in marshland along the Detroit River at Detroit during that time ...
Medicinal Rice Formulations of India popular among Senior Oryza Experts. Tertiary/Septenary/Octonary/Nonary/Denary Ingredients of Important...
cerastium, hardy ice plant, snow-in-summer, delosperma, gaillardia, blanket flower, laurentia, blue star creeper, belamcanda, blackberry lily
Muchtaromah, Bayyinatul and Mutiah, Roihatul and Yusmalasari, Desy Rahma and Mardyana, Putri and Sharmin, Tanjina and Fadholly, Amaq (2020) Efficacy of Allium sativum, Curcuma mangga and Acorus calamus extract combination on rat fertility. Pharmacognosy Journal, 12 (1). pp. 197-203. ISSN 0975-3575 ...
indiabizsource - browse our herbal health products category for natural health products, health awareness supplement, natural health supply, acorus calamus in india and across the global
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Risk Categories: Herbs, Minerals, and Vitamins. From Acorus Calamus to Zinc Salts, learn about the safety of the most common herbs, minerals, and vitamins during pregnancy and breastfeeding... ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Benefits of Hinguvachadi Tablets Hinguvachadi tablet is an excellent digestive aid not causing any rebound flatulence which is the common side effect of most of the antacids. This combination possesses unique features which help to fight indigestion to carcinoma. The main ingredients are Hingu- Asafoetida, and Vacha- Acorus which have several proven clinical efficacy studies…
2. Syrupus Calami, Syrup of Calamus. Dose, 30 to 60 drops.. Action and Therapy.-Carminative, sialagogue, excitant, and slightly tonic. Useful as breath perfume," and in flatulent colic, atonic dyspepsia, feebleness of the digestive organs; and in the form of syrup as an agreeable vehicle for less pleasant medicines. The fresh root shaved thin, transversely, may be candied by boiling in syrup, draining, and allowing it to dry. In this form it is a delicious confection. Calamus may also be given in the form of a syrup or by adding the specific medicine to the required amount of simple syrup.. ...
Photosynthesis is a sustainable process for the conversion of light energy into chemical energy. Thylakoids in energy-transducing photosynthetic membranes are unique in biological membranes because of their distinguished structure and composition. The quantum trapping efficiency of thylakoid membranes is appealing in photobioelectrochemical research. In this study, thylakoid membranes extracted from spinach are shown to communicate with a gold-nanoparticle-modified solid gold electrode (AuNP-Au) through a series of quinone derivatives. Among these, para-benzoquinone (PBQ) is found to be the best soluble electron-transfer mediator, generating the highest photocurrent of approximately 130 mu Acm(-2) from water oxidation under illumination. In addition, the photocurrent density is investigated as a function of applied potential, the effect of light intensity, quinone concentration, and amount of thylakoid membrane. Finally, the source of photocurrent is confirmed by using ...
This page contains the abstract: Effect of Coenzyme Q10, a Quinone Derivative, on Guinea Pig Lung and Tracheal Tissue http://www.chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/Coenzyme_Q10_Allergy.shtml
Proven Health Benefits of Calamus Root - Herbal Treatment The first health benefit of calamus root is to stimulate the blood circulation.
La Vesperpasero, Pooecetes gramineus, estas specio de mezgranda birdo de la familio de Emberizedoj. Ĝi estas monotipa en la genro Pooecetes (Baird 1858).. Plenkreskulo havas helbrunajn suprajn partojn kaj helajn sablokolorajn subajn partojn, ambaŭ kun pli malhela strieco nigreca en dorso kaj per izolitaj strioj en brusto dise el supra centra malhela makulo. Ili havas blankajn okulringon, gorĝon kaj mustaĉan strion kiu pluas sub kaj ĉirkaŭ bruna vango, kaj pli svagan helan superokulan strizonon. Ili havas ankaŭ longan malhelbrunan voston kiu montras blankajn eksterajn vostoplumojn dumfluge. En malhelbrunaj flugiloj videblas ripoze po du blankaj flugilstrioj ne tre markataj. La beko estas fortika kaj karnokolora kun pli nigreca supra bordo. La kruroj estas rozkolorecaj.. Ties reprodukta habitato estas malfermaj herbejaj areoj tra plej parto de Nordameriko, inklude ĉeŝoseajn areojn kaj stoplejojn, kaj ili disvastiĝas kaj reproduktiĝas tra suda Kanado kaj Usono. Tiuj birdoj migras al suda ...
Glucagon antagonists | Quinone derivative and electrophotographic photosensitive member | Process for the preparation of fluvoxamine maleate | Quinone derivative and electrophotographic photosensitive member | Antimicrobial compounds, their synthesis and applications thereof |
Calamus essential oil treats insomnia and headaches, boosts metabolism, provides relief from nervous spasms, improves blood circulation, and relieves arthritis.
3. Calamus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 325. 1753. 省藤属 sheng teng shu Cornera Furtado; Palmijuncus Kuntze; Rotang Adanson; Rotanga Boehmer; Schizospatha Furtado; Zalaccella Beccari.. Stems clustered or less often solitary, mostly slender and climbing, occasionally non-climbing and then either short and subterranean or free standing. Leaves 10-60, pinnate, spiny; sheaths closed in climbing stems, open in non-climbers, variously hairy and spiny, hairs of young sheaths soon wearing off; sheath spines scattered or densely arranged (rarely absent), or arranged in rows, occasionally hairy on margins, variously shaped and colored, sometimes arranged in overlapping, interlocking rings and forming chambers; sheath apices usually extended above point of insertion of petiole into an inconspicuous or prominent ocrea; knees present in climbing stems; flagella present in climbers, whiplike and armed with small, grapnel-like spines; cirri present in few species (and then flagella absent, and vice versa); pinnae ...
The quinones represent a class of organic compounds that are formally "derived from aromatic compounds [such as benzene or naphthalene] by conversion of an even number of -CH= groups into -C(=O)- groups with any necessary rearrangement of double bonds", resulting in "a fully conjugated cyclic dione structure". The class includes some heterocyclic compounds. A large scale industrial application of quinones is for the production of hydrogen peroxide. Natural quinones show a biological or pharmacological activity, and some of them show anti-tumoral activity. They embody some claims in herbal medicine. Some quinone derivatives are used for coloring substances (dyes and pigments) and oxidizing agents.. ...
EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.. To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!. ...
Espinas dorsales (total): 12; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 12; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 10. Dorsal profile of head moderately steep; prefrontal tubercle not well developed; silvery with a lavender iridescence, the edges of the scales brownish yellow and the centers with a vertically elongate iridescent blue-green or blue spot (Ref. 13442). ...
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 ...
A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. (1). A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole. (1). A plant genus in the family MYRTACEAE, order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known for allspice from the dried berry of Pimenta diocia. (1). A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in traditional medicine. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family Apiaceae. The seeds are used as flavoring. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The seed is used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating ...
A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. (1). A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole. (1). A plant genus in the family MYRTACEAE, order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known for allspice from the dried berry of Pimenta diocia. (1). A plant genus of the family ACORACEAE, order Arales, subclass Arecidae most notable for Acorus calamus L. root which contains asarone and has been used in traditional medicine. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family Apiaceae. The seeds are used as flavoring. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are the source of cilantro and the seeds are the source of coriander, both of which are used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. The seed is used in SPICES. (1). A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating ...
Used to balance Vata - to relieve pain and inflammation, in cases of paralysis, facial paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis, Joint Pains, Back Ache, shoulder pains, sciatica, lumbago, muscular sprain and inflammation etc.. kolakulathadi ingredients:. Kola (Zizyphus jujube Lam.),. Kulattha - Horse gram (Dolichos biflorus Linn.),. Suradaru - Devadaru - (Cedrus deodara),. Rasna (Vanda roxburghi / Pluchea lanceolata),. Masha - Black gram (Phaseolus radiatus L.),. Atasi (Linum usitatissimum Linn.). Kushta - Saussurea lappa. Vacha - Acorus calamus. Shatahva - Indian Dill - Anethum sowa. Yava - Barley - Hordeum vulgare. Tailaphala - castor fruit (Eranda). Reference- Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 3/18.. Side effects:. ...
The mayapple is from North America, where it is also called mandrake, wild mandrake, American mandrake, Indian apple, devils apple, et cetera (Morton 1977, 87*). The number of names can lead to some confusion. Mandrake is actually the English name for Mandragora officinarum. Settlers applied the name to the mayapple because North American Indians used its root as an amulet and as medicine (Emboden 1974, 149*). Because of this confusion, many people, especially Englishspeaking Americans, continue to believe that the mayapple is psychoactive. But the root contains no known psychoactive constituents, only toxic glycosides and podophyllin, a resin with cathartic effects (Meijer 1974; Morton 1977,88*). The Asian mayapple (Podophyllum pleianthum Hance [syn. Dysosma pleiantha (Hance) Woodson]), a native of China and Japan, is mixed with hemp (Cannabis sativa) and sweet flag (see Acorus calamus) to produce a psychoactive substance that "allows one to see spirits" (Li 1978, 23*). In the Kumaon region of ...
"Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. - Ordering - UK". acorus-therapeutics.com. Acorus Therapeutics. Archived from the original on 2005-04- ... "Summary of Product Characteristics" (PDF). Official Acorus Therapeutics Site. Acorus Therapeutics. 2007-06-01. pp. 3-4. ... In July 2004, Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. took over the manufacture and distribution of Mysoline from AstraZeneca February 3, 2005 ... Acorus Therapeutics, Ltd. (2005). "Mysoline 250 mg Tablets". electronic Medicines Compendium. Datapharm Communications and the ...
Acorus gramineus var. pusilus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush) Acorus gramineus var. variegatus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush) ... Acorus calamus Anubias barteri var. glabra Aponogeton distachyos Bacopa monnieri Damasonium californicum Echinodorus ...
The chemical has been identified in Piper marginatum, Acorus tatarinowii, and Asarum maximum. Francisco, Díaz; Leticia, ... doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00109-4. Jinfeng, Hu; Xiaozhang, Feng (2000). "Phenylpropanes from Acorus tatarinowii". Planta Medica ...
Acorus palmita Licht.. *Prionium palmita E.Mey.. Prionium serratum, the palmiet, is a robust, evergreen, semiaquatic, ...
... acorus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.014 --- adoxaceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.018 --- ...
2009 "Grasses and Grasslike plants_Acorus gramineus_Native Sons". C. Michael Hogan. 2009. "Purple Needlegrass (Nassella pulchra ...
The larvae have been recorded feeding on Acorus calamus var. asiaticus. Lepidotarphius perornatella perornatellus (Kiangsu, ...
On Acorus, the Duarchs, a pair of joint rulers, oversee the remaining Alectors from their seats of power in the cities of ... The planet of Acorus possesses a web, or mesh, of life force lines (compare to ley lines) that intersect in various places. ... Acorus was once inhabited by a race variously called the Ancients or the Soarers. They are wispy, fairy-like creatures usually ... The natives of Acorus, called Ancients, have a yellowish-green aura, while many Alectors have a purplish-pink aura, and ...
... , which includes alpha (trans) and beta (cis) types, is an ether found in certain plants such as Acorus and Asarum. As a ... Björnstad K, Helander A, Hultén P, Beck O (2009). "Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil ... "Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus (L.) rhizome and leaf extract". Acta Biol. Szeg. 53 (1): 45-49. Perrett, Sheena; ... β-asarone is clearly carcinogenic and has proposed limits for its concentration in flavorings such as bitters made from Acorus ...
Instead, Acorus, its only genus, was included in the Araceae. Arales was the only order included in the Ariflorae. The APG II ... Acorus) and unites the last two of these families into the one family Araceae assigning this to the order Alismatales.. ...
Mysoline (primidone; handed over to Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. in July 2004). *Seroquel (quetiapine) ...
"Bioanalytical investigation of asarone in connection with Acorus calamus oil intoxications". Journal of Analytical Toxicology. ...
Björnstad, K.; Helander, A.; Hultén, P.; Beck, O. (2009). "Bioanalytical Investigation of Asarone in Connection with Acorus ...
... aquatic plants such as Acorus calamus, Nymphaea odorata, Pontederia cordata, Sagittaria latifolia; and shoreline plants ...
"Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. - Ordering - UK". acorus-therapeutics.com. Acorus Therapeutics. Archived from the original on 2005-04- ... Official Acorus Therapeutics Site. Acorus Therapeutics. 2007-06-01. pp. 3-4. Retrieved 2007-10-12.. [dead link] ... Acorus Therapeutics, Ltd. (2005). "Mysoline 250 mg Tablets". electronic Medicines Compendium. Datapharm Communications and the ... Acorus Therapeutics Ltd. took over the manufacture and distribution of Mysoline from AstraZeneca[112] February 3, 2005: almost ...
This order contains the single family Acoraceae and one genus (Acorus), which comprises two to four species of plants that ...
Oudhia, P. (2002). Rice-Acorus intercropping: A new system developed by innovative farmers of Chhattisgarh (India). ...
The second contains wetland plants including Acorus calamus, Marsilea strigosa, Menyanthes trifoliata, Osmunda regalis,etc. ...
Acorus calamus or Sweet Flag is a marsh-growing plant similar to a cat-tail. Whitman continues through this one of the central ...
2 (Tisserand & Balacs, 1995) Calamus (Acorus calamus) Information Abraham von Worms, edited by Beecken, Johann Richard. (1957). ...
Lafayette III (*2004), Mare, Father: Acorus, Father's father: Accord II, Mother: La Vie, Mother's father: Calido. former show ...
For example, Iris pseudacorus is known as 'pseudacorus' for having leaves similar to those of Acorus calamus. In biology, ...
Acorus calamus , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN=TOP , षडग्रन्था, गोलोमी, उग्रगन्धा , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN=TOP , Sweet flag , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN= ...
The present lake area was a marshland with thick growth of sweet flag (Acorus calamus, locally called bojho). A playground ...
Its taste is mild to slightly acrid or somewhat bitter, and the flavor has been compared to sweet flag (Acorus calamus). The ...
NRCS: USDA Plants Profile: Acorus americanus *^ Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). "Acorus americanus". Flora of ... Acorus americanus was formerly classified as Acorus calamus var. americanus. It differs only in being a fertile diploid (2n = ... Like the diploid strains of Acorus calamus in parts of the Himalayas, Mongolia, and C Siberia, the Acorus americanus diploid ... "sweet flag / bitterroot - Acorus calamus, A. americanus". Jim McDonald ~Herbalist~.. *^ Wichtl, Max, ed. (2004). Herbal Drugs ...
Find out information about acorus calamus. sweetflag Grass-like plant with cattail-type leaves and thin green ... An overview on traditional uses and pharmacological profile of acorus calamus Linn. (Sweet flag) and other acorus species ... Acorus calamus , Article about acorus calamus by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/acorus+calamus ... Acorus Calamus translates as medical plant" and indicates this companys work in the marketing of both tea and herbs.. Tea in ...
Acorus calamus from Nepal typically contains a large amount of beta-asarone. Acorus calamus from India usually contains very ... Beta-asarone is a propenylbenzene found in Acorus calamus and related herbs. Calamus oil from Nepal is very high in beta- ... However, not all Acorus calamus contains sufficient quantities of beta-asarone to be effective. ... 2. β-asarone from Acorus gramineus alleviates depression by modulating MKP-1. ...
"Acorus calamus Variegatus". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 July 2013.. *^ "Acorus calamus Argenteostriatus". Royal ... Also, in older USA literature the name Acorus americanus may be used indiscriminately for all forms of Acorus calamus occurring ... "sweet flag / bitterroot - Acorus calamus, A. americanus". Jim McDonald ~Herbalist~.. *^ Wichtl, Max, ed. (2004). Herbal Drugs ... "Acorus calamus". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 July 2013.. *^ Ogra, R. K.; et al. (10 December 2009). " ...
Media in category "Acorus calamus". The following 70 files are in this category, out of 70 total. ... Acorus calamus - Agri-Horticultural Society of India - Alipore - Kolkata 2013-01-05 2317.JPG 4,000 × 6,016; 11.81 MB. ... Acorus calamus variegatus-1-nature love-yercaud-salem-India.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.87 MB. ... Acorus calamus variegatus-2-nature love-yercaud-salem-India.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 6.73 MB. ...
Acorus calamus a.k.a. Sweet Flag by Brittany. 1sagebrush1 Acorus calamus. Photograph © J. F. Gaffard, drawing © 1sagebrush1. ... Description: Acorus calamus is a grass like perennial, pale to dark brown and spongy on the inside, up to 80 cm long, linear to ... Acorus calamus is sterile, due to the fact that it has a triploid number of chromosomes (having a chromosome number that is 3 ... Active compounds produced by this plant: Acorus calamus produces beta-asarone which is a genotoxic (capable of causing genetic ...
... with the name Acorus calamus equally but wrongfully applied to Acorus americanus (formerly Acorus calamus var. americanus). As ... and of Acorus calamus". J. Agric. (Rost and Bos, 1979) Antimicrobial activities of the crude methanol extract of Acorus calamus ... Acorus calamus var. americanus Raf. - Canada, northern United States, Buryatiya region of Russia Acorus calamus var. angustatus ... The North American Calamus is known as Acorus calamus var. americanus or more recently as simply Acorus americanus. Like the ...
Megan Wannarka added the Cree common name "wiyikiyo" to "Acorus calamus var. americanus". ... Megan Wannarka added the Polish common name "Tatarek pospolity" to "Acorus calamus L.". ...
Genus: Acorus. Species: Acorus calamus. Varietas: A. c. var. americanus - A. c. var. angustatus - A. c. var. calamus ... Acorus calamus L. Sp. Pl. 324. (1753). Synonyms[edit]. *Homotypic *Calamus aromaticus Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 40 (1764), ... Latina: Acorus calamus. latviešu: Parastā kalme, Smaržīgā kalme, Kalme. lietuvių: Balinis ajeras. magyar: Orvosi kálmos. മലയാളം ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acorus_calamus&oldid=3006440" ...
Products containing ACORUS CALAMUS ROOT POWDER made by company: Morrocco Method, Intl ...
Acorus gramineus) Argenteastriatus supplied by member gardeners in th... ...
Acorus gramineus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not ... Acorus gramineus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not ...
Asarones from Acorus calamus in combination with azoles and amphotericin B: a novel synergistic combination to compete against ... The present investigation describes the synergistic anticandidal activity of two asarones (∞ and β) purified from Acorus ...
Botanists distinguish between the Acorus species by the number of prominent leaf veins. Acorus calamus has a single prominent ... Acorus leaves are still scattered today on festival days. 1 References: Works Cited. * Ernst and Johanna Lehner Folklore and ... Acorus is an antioxidant that has special effects on the central nervous system and used to treat a broad range of brain ... The name acorus is derived from the Greek word acoron, a name used by Dioscorides, which in turn was derived from coreon ...
Research on the anticarcinogenic activation of Acorus calcamus. Anticarcinogenic activation of alpha-asarone on human carcinoma ... Research on the anticarcinogenic activation of Acorus calcamus. Anticarcinogenic activation of alpha-asarone on human carcinoma ...
Z. Du, R. A. Clery, and C. J. Hammond, "Volatiles from leaves and rhizomes of fragrant Acorus spp. (Acoraceae)," Chemistry and ... Plants of the Acorus species have fragrant leaves and rhizomes; they belong to the Acoraceae family. Those plants are found ... An earlier study on the volatiles from the leaves and rhizomes of Acorus spp. found that methylchavicol (49%) is the major ... However, the other chemical components in this essential oil were different from those of the other Acorus species [26]. ...
The three forms are Tetraploid Form Acorus Calamus var. Angustatus (~70% β-asarone), Triploid Form Acorus Calamus var. ... Calamus root is also known as Acorus calamus, Vacha, Bach Agri-turki and Baje, Warning: For external use only. Not for use ... Calamus (9-13% β-asarone), and Diploid Form Acorus Calamus var. Americanus (free of β-asarone). ... In terms of Triploid Form, our calamus root is Acorus Calamus var. Calamus. ...
Wholesale liners of Acorus gramineus Oborozuki. Online ordering and plant information from Emerald Coast Growers, serving the ...
Now with MICHELIN ACORUS Technology, in partnership with Maxion Wheels, Michelin is reinventing the wheel to help eliminate ... The Maxion Flexible Wheel with Michelin Acorus technology is a wheel designed and built to withstand the toughest road ... The name ACORUS is taken from Acorus Calamus, a wetland plant that looks like a reed, which features in a famous French fable ... MICHELIN ACORUS Technology is the product of Michelins research Group. The Incubator Program shortened the time to market by ...
Acorus gramineus: Philippine Herbal Therapy - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart ... Acorus calamus L. is an accepted name The Plant List. Lubigan is a common name shared by (1) Acorus calamus, and (2) Mapania ... Acorus calamus / Synonyms / The Plant List (30). Anticonvulsant activity of raw and classically processed Vacha (Acorus calamus ... Acorus calamus L. (Sweet Flag) / Agricultural and Agri-Food Canada. (22) Toxicity Myths / The Actual Risks Of Essential Oil Use ...
Proponents of Ayurvedic medicine will tell you that Acorus calamus (sweet flag) will cure pretty much anything.. Reviewed by ... Sweet Flag (Acorus Calamus): Hallucinogenic Drug Or Medicine? * Should You Be Using Acorus Calamus (Sweet Flag) To Relieve ... Acorus calamus grows in my "wider backyard" (I live on a nature reserve), you see, and we were out for a walk with her dog not ... 10 Uses For Acorus Calamus (Sweet Flag): Cure-All Wonder Drug Or Grave Danger? Post a comment ...
Has Acorus Calamus Actually Been Proven To Work For Gastrointestinal Ailments?. Acorus calamus has traditionally been used for ... Acorus Calamus: Use Sweet Flag For Gastrointestinal Ailments (Ulcers, Upset Stomach, Flatulence)? Post a comment ... Acorus Calamus: Is It Safe?. Thats the big question. Every medicine comes with potential side effects, dangers, and ... In your search for natural remedies, you may wonder whether Acorus calamus (sweet flag) could help you out. This plant has been ...
Retrieved from "http://www.theaquariumwiki.com/w/index.php?title=Acorus_gramineus&oldid=69801" ...
Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates' day (460-377 BCE) for curing ... A. aromaticus, Acorus calamus, Calamus aromaticus, Oronthium cochinchinensis. Group:. Seeds. Tags. Description. Sweet Flag ( ... Acorus calamus) is a marshland plant with orange scented leaves, used since Hippocrates day (460-377 BCE) for curing toothache ...
Pharmacognosy Reviews (Phcog Rev.). [ISSN: Print -0973-7847, Online - 0976-2787] [http://www.phcogrev.com], a publication of Phcog.Net, Bangalore, INDIA. It is published Semi-annual, serves the need of different scientists and others involved in medicinal plant research and development. Each issue covers different reviews on related topics of natural product drug discovery, Biotechnology, Marine Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Plants. Review articles that are of broad readership interest to users in industry, academia, and government. Phcog Rev. is an important and most cited review journal for medicinal Plant researchers -and its an Open Access Publication.. Abstracting and Indexing Information. The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners ...
  • The present investigation describes the synergistic anticandidal activity of two asarones (∞ and β) purified from Acorus calamus in combination with three clinically used antifungal drugs (fluconazole, clotrimazole, and amphotericin B). The synergistic anticandidal activities of asarones and drugs were assessed using the checkerboard microdilution and time-kill assays. (nih.gov)
  • Acorus is an antioxidant that has special effects on the central nervous system and used to treat a broad range of brain conditions, including stroke. (anniesremedy.com)
  • Acorus calamus is sterile, due to the fact that it has a triploid number of chromosomes (having a chromosome number that is 3 times the basic or haploid number). (tolweb.org)