A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
A bacteria isolated from normal skin, intestinal contents, wounds, blood, pus, and soft tissue abscesses. It is a common contaminant of clinical specimens, presumably from the skin of patients or attendants.
Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.
The oily substance secreted by SEBACEOUS GLANDS. It is composed of KERATIN, fat, and cellular debris.
A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.
A topical dermatologic agent that is used in the treatment of ACNE VULGARIS and several other skin diseases. The drug has teratogenic and other adverse effects.
Inflammation of follicles, primarily hair follicles.
Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose cells occur singly, in pairs or short chains, in V or Y configurations, or in clumps resembling letters of the Chinese alphabet. Its organisms are found in cheese and dairy products as well as on human skin and can occasionally cause soft tissue infections.
A cutaneous disorder primarily of convexities of the central part of the FACE, such as FOREHEAD; CHEEK; NOSE; and CHIN. It is characterized by FLUSHING; ERYTHEMA; EDEMA; RHINOPHYMA; papules; and ocular symptoms. It may occur at any age but typically after age 30. There are various subtypes of rosacea: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular (National Rosacea Society's Expert Committee on the Classification and Staging of Rosacea, J Am Acad Dermatol 2002; 46:584-7).
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from soil, animal intestines and feces, and fresh and salt water.
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
An antibacterial agent that is a semisynthetic analog of LINCOMYCIN.
A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).
Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.
A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.
The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.
Pathological processes of the BREAST.
Application of fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body to determine consistence of parts beneath in physical diagnosis; includes palpation for determining the outlines of organs.
Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.

Is prior authorization of topical tretinoin for acne cost effective? (1/415)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prior authorization of topical tretinoin for acne is in the best interest of health insurers and, if so, to determine the optimal prior authorization age for topical tretinoin. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a sensitivity analysis using published data on the age distribution for topical tretinoin prescriptions for acne and nonacne indications to estimate the cost of topical tretinoin and the cost of performing prior authorizations as a function of the prior authorization age. RESULTS: A prior authorization age of 25 for topical tretinoin is not cost effective for health insurers. If prior authorization is required, an age threshold of 35 or older is most cost effective. The total cost of topical tretinoin (the sum of the drug costs plus the prior authorization costs) changes little with changes in the prior authorization age; if the prior authorization age is set too low, total costs increase (because the number of prior authorizations increase). CONCLUSIONS: Prior authorization for topical tretinoin is of no great benefit to insurers. As the prior authorization age decreases, the cost of requiring prior authorization increases. Eliminating prior authorization altogether would result in at most a small increase in costs and would be balanced by the benefits to both patients and physicians.  (+info)

Acne: a review of immunologic and microbiologic factors. (2/415)

Acne vulgaris is a self-limiting skin disorder seen primarily in adolescents, whose aetiology appears to be multifactorial. The four main aetiological factors are hypercornification of the pilosebaceous duct, increased sebum production, colonization with Propionibacterium acnes, and subsequently the production of inflammation. Considerable investigation has addressed the immunologic reaction to extracellular products produced by the acne-causing organism, P acnes. The immunologic response involves both humoral and cell-mediated pathways. Further research should clarify the role of complement, cytotoxins, and neutrophils in this acne-forming response.  (+info)

Chloracne, goiter, arthritis, and anemia after polychlorinated biphenyl poisoning: 14-year follow-Up of the Taiwan Yucheng cohort. (3/415)

In 1979, a mass poisoning involving 2,000 people occurred in central Taiwan from ingestion of cooking oil contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs). We studied the prevalence of medical conditions in the exposed individuals and in a neighborhood control group. Starting with a registry of the exposed individuals from 1983, we updated the addresses of exposed individuals and identified a control group matched for age, sex, and neighborhood in 1979. In 1993, individuals 30 years of age or older were interviewed by telephone. We obtained usable information from 795 exposed subjects and 693 control subjects. Lifetime prevalence of chloracne, abnormal nails, hyperkeratosis, skin allergy, goiter, headache, gum pigmentation, and broken teeth were observed more frequently in the PCB/PCDF-exposed men and women. The exposed women reported anemia 2. 3 times more frequently than controls. The exposed men reported arthritis and herniated intervertebral disks 4.1 and 2.9 times, respectively, more frequently than controls. There was no difference in reported prevalences of other medical conditions. We conclude that Taiwanese people exposed to high levels of PCBs and PCDFs reported more frequent medical problems, including skin diseases, goiter, anemia, and joint and spine diseases.  (+info)

Topical therapy for acne. (4/415)

Acne is a common problem in adolescents and young adults. The disorder is caused by abnormal desquamation of follicular epithelium that results in obstruction of the pilosebaceous canal. This obstruction leads to the formation of comedones, which can become inflamed because of overgrowth of Propionibacterium acnes. Topical retinoids such as tretinoin or adapalene are effective in many patients with comedonal acne. Patients with inflammatory lesions benefit from treatment with benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid or topical antibiotics. Frequently, the use of comedonal and antibacterial agents is required.  (+info)

Accutane-exposed pregnancies--California, 1999. (5/415)

Accutane (Roche Laboratories, Nutley, New Jersey), known by the generic name "isotretinoin," is a prescription oral medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat severe, recalcitrant nodular acne. It is also a known human teratogen that can cause multiple major malformations. Embryopathy associated with the mother's exposure to isotretinoin during the first trimester of pregnancy includes craniofacial, cardiac, thymic, and central nervous system malformations . In response to FDA recommendations, the manufacturer began a pregnancy-prevention program (PPP) in 1988 that included educational materials for physicians and patients and offered women reimbursement for contraceptive counseling by a physician. The PPP coordinators asked reproductive-aged women being treated with isotretinoin to enroll voluntarily in the Boston University Accutane Survey (BUAS). The total number of reproductive-aged women taking isotretinoin in the United States is unknown; however, 454,273 women enrolled in the BUAS from 1989 to October 1999. BUAS has estimated that 38%-40% of reproductive-aged women taking isotretinoin chose to enroll in the survey (BUAS, unpublished data, 1999). Although isotretinoin is contraindicated in pregnancy and has a package label warning users to avoid pregnancy while taking it, exposed pregnancies occur. Approximately 900 pregnancies occurred among BUAS enrollees during 1989-1998 (BUAS, unpublished data, 1999). Roche Laboratories began direct-to-consumer print advertisements in 1996, added television and radio advertisements to selected cities in 1997, and expanded the campaign to the entire United States in 1998.  (+info)

Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acne syndrome maps to chromosome 15q. (6/415)

Pyoderma gangrenosum, cystic acne, and aseptic arthritis are clinically distinct disorders within the broad class of inflammatory diseases. Although this triad of symptoms is rarely observed in a single patient, a three-generation kindred with autosomal-dominant transmission of these three disorders has been reported as "PAPA syndrome" (MIM 604416). We report mapping of a disease locus for familial pyoderma gangrenosum-acne-arthritis to the long arm of chromosome 15 (maximum two-point LOD score, 5.83; recombination fraction [straight theta] 0 at locus D15S206). Under the assumption of complete penetrance, haplotype analysis of recombination events defined a disease interval of 10 cM, between D15S1023 and D15S979. Successful identification of a single disease locus for this syndrome suggests that these clinically distinct disorders may share a genetic etiology. These data further indicate the role of genes outside the major histocompatibility locus in inflammatory disease.  (+info)

Comedogenicity of squalene monohydroperoxide in the skin after topical application. (7/415)

The comedogenicity of squalene peroxides was examined on the rabbit ear skin after topical application of squalene-monohydroperoxide (Sq-OOH), the initial product when squalene was irradiated with UV-A. Since comedogenic products from UV-irradiated squalene were extracted with methanol solution, we isolated Sq-OOH by reverse-phased HPLC with a methanol mobile phase solvent. The degree of comedogenic reaction induced by Sq-OOH was higher than that of well-known comedogenic cosmetic ingredients. Unlike two other mono-peroxides, tert-butyl hydroperoxide and cumene-mono-hydroperoxide, Sq-OOH induced comedo-formation in the rabbit ear skin. However, the comedogenicity of reduced Sq-OOH, squalene-hydroxide (Sq-OH) and squalene itself was lower than that of Sq-OOH. These results indicate that Sq-OOH is a potent comedogenic mono-hydroperoxide chemical to rabbit skin.  (+info)

A case report of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis syndrome presenting with spondylodiscitis. (8/415)

SAPHO syndrome stands for synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis. The common site of skeletal lesions in this syndrome is the sternocostoclavicular area. Spondylodiscitis is rarely described in published studies. In general, skin lesions develop before the onset of skeletal lesions. We report a case of SAPHO syndrome in which spondylodiscitis developed more than 1 year before the onset of pustulosis.  (+info)

Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition characterized by the formation of various types of blemishes on the skin, such as blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, and cysts or nodules. These lesions typically appear on areas of the body that have a high concentration of sebaceous glands, including the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders.

Acne vulgaris occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and excess oil (sebum) produced by the sebaceous glands. This blockage provides an ideal environment for bacteria, particularly Propionibacterium acnes, to multiply, leading to inflammation and infection. The severity of acne vulgaris can range from mild with only a few scattered comedones (blackheads or whiteheads) to severe cystic acne, which can cause significant scarring and emotional distress.

The exact causes of acne vulgaris are not fully understood, but several factors contribute to its development, including:

1. Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, or due to conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
2. Genetic predisposition
3. Use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids and lithium
4. Excessive production of sebum due to overactive sebaceous glands
5. Accumulation of dead skin cells that clog pores
6. Bacterial infection (particularly Propionibacterium acnes)
7. Inflammation caused by the body's immune response to bacterial infection and clogged pores

Treatment for acne vulgaris depends on its severity and can include over-the-counter or prescription topical treatments, oral medications, chemical peels, light therapies, or even hormonal therapies in some cases. It is essential to seek professional medical advice from a dermatologist or healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for individual needs.

Propionibacterium acnes is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that naturally colonizes the skin, predominantly in areas with a high density of sebaceous glands such as the face, back, and chest. It is part of the normal skin flora but can contribute to the development of acne vulgaris when it proliferates excessively and clogs the pilosebaceous units (hair follicles).

The bacterium metabolizes sebum, producing propionic acid and other short-chain fatty acids as byproducts. In acne, these byproducts can cause an inflammatory response in the skin, leading to the formation of papules, pustules, and nodules. Propionibacterium acnes has also been implicated in various other skin conditions and occasionally in opportunistic infections in other parts of the body, particularly in immunocompromised individuals or following surgical procedures.

Dermatologic agents are medications, chemicals, or other substances that are applied to the skin (dermis) for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. They can be used to treat various skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, fungal infections, and wounds. Dermatologic agents include topical corticosteroids, antibiotics, antifungals, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and many others. They can come in various forms such as creams, ointments, gels, lotions, solutions, and patches. It is important to follow the instructions for use carefully to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Sebum is an oily, waxy substance that is produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin of mammals. It is composed mainly of triglycerides, wax esters, squalene, and free fatty acids, as well as smaller amounts of metabolites and other substances. Sebum plays an important role in the maintenance of the skin's barrier function and in the regulation of its moisture levels. It also has antimicrobial properties that help to protect the skin from infection. Excessive sebum production can contribute to the development of acne and other skin conditions.

Benzoyl peroxide is a medication used in the treatment of acne. It is available in various forms, including creams, gels, and washes. Benzoyl peroxide works by reducing the amount of bacteria on the skin and helping to unclog pores. It is typically applied to the affected area once or twice a day.

Benzoyl peroxide can cause side effects such as dryness, redness, and irritation of the skin. It is important to follow the directions for use carefully and start with a lower concentration if you are new to using this medication. If you experience severe or persistent side effects, it is recommended that you speak with a healthcare provider.

It is also important to note that benzoyl peroxide can bleach clothing and hair, so it is best to apply it carefully and allow it to fully absorb into the skin before dressing or coming into contact with fabrics.

Isotretinoin is a derivative of vitamin A, used in the treatment of severe recalcitrant nodular acne that has not responded to other therapies. It is a potent inhibitor of sebaceous gland function and keratinization. Isotretinoin is also known to have anti-inflammatory properties. It is taken orally in the form of capsules and its use requires careful monitoring due to potential teratogenic effects and other side effects, such as dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, mood changes, and liver enzyme abnormalities.

Folliculitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of one or more hair follicles, typically appearing as small red bumps or pimples that surround the affected follicle. It can occur anywhere on the body where hair grows, but it's most common in areas exposed to friction, heat, and tight clothing such as the neck, back, legs, arms, and buttocks.

Folliculitis can be caused by various factors, including bacterial or fungal infections, irritation from shaving or waxing, ingrown hairs, and exposure to chemicals or sweat. The severity of folliculitis ranges from mild cases that resolve on their own within a few days to severe cases that may require medical treatment.

Treatment for folliculitis depends on the underlying cause. For bacterial infections, antibiotics may be prescribed, while antifungal medications are used for fungal infections. In some cases, topical treatments such as creams or gels may be sufficient to treat mild folliculitis, while more severe cases may require oral medication or other medical interventions.

Sebaceous glands are microscopic, exocrine glands that are found in the dermis of mammalian skin. They are attached to hair follicles and produce an oily substance called sebum, which is composed of triglycerides, wax esters, squalene, and metabolites of fat-producing cells (fatty acids, cholesterol). Sebum is released through a duct onto the surface of the skin, where it forms a protective barrier that helps to prevent water loss, keeps the skin and hair moisturized, and has antibacterial properties.

Sebaceous glands are distributed throughout the body, but they are most numerous on the face, scalp, and upper trunk. They can also be found in other areas of the body such as the eyelids (where they are known as meibomian glands), the external ear canal, and the genital area.

Abnormalities in sebaceous gland function can lead to various skin conditions, including acne, seborrheic dermatitis, and certain types of skin cancer.

Proteus vulgaris is a species of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are commonly found in soil, water, and the human digestive tract. They are named after the Greek god Proteus, who could change his shape at will, as these bacteria are known for their ability to undergo various morphological changes.

Proteus vulgaris is a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae and can cause opportunistic infections in humans, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying medical conditions. They can cause a variety of infections, including urinary tract infections, wound infections, pneumonia, and bacteremia (bloodstream infections).

Proteus vulgaris is also known for its ability to produce urease, an enzyme that breaks down urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide. This can lead to the formation of urinary stones and contribute to the development of chronic urinary tract infections. Additionally, Proteus vulgaris can form biofilms, which can make it difficult to eradicate the bacteria from infected sites.

In a medical context, identifying Proteus vulgaris is important for determining appropriate antibiotic therapy and managing infections caused by this organism.

Ice cream is not a medical term, but it is a type of food. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), ice cream is a frozen dessert made from a mixture of dairy ingredients such as milk and cream, sweeteners like sugar or corn syrup, and flavorings. This mixture must contain at least 10% milkfat and have a minimum total solids content of 20%. Ice cream may also include stabilizers and emulsifiers to improve its texture and shelf life.

However, there are various types of "ice cream" that do not meet these legal definitions, such as non-dairy ice creams made from ingredients like coconut milk or soy milk. These products may still be called "ice cream" for marketing purposes, but they are technically different from traditional dairy-based ice cream.

It's worth noting that while ice cream can be a tasty treat, it is also high in calories and sugar, so it should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Mite infestations refer to the presence and multiplication of mites, which are tiny arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida, on or inside a host's body. This can occur in various sites such as the skin, lungs, or gastrointestinal tract, depending on the specific mite species.

Skin infestations by mites, also known as dermatophilosis or mange, are common and may cause conditions like scabies (caused by Sarcoptes scabiei) or demodecosis (caused by Demodex spp.). These conditions can lead to symptoms such as itching, rash, and skin lesions.

Lung infestations by mites, although rare, can occur in people who work in close contact with mites, such as farmers or laboratory workers. This condition is called "mite lung" or "farmer's lung," which is often caused by exposure to high levels of dust containing mite feces and dead mites.

Gastrointestinal infestations by mites can occur in animals but are extremely rare in humans. The most common example is the intestinal roundworm, which belongs to the phylum Nematoda rather than Arachnida.

It's important to note that mite infestations can be treated with appropriate medical interventions and prevention measures.

Topical administration refers to a route of administering a medication or treatment directly to a specific area of the body, such as the skin, mucous membranes, or eyes. This method allows the drug to be applied directly to the site where it is needed, which can increase its effectiveness and reduce potential side effects compared to systemic administration (taking the medication by mouth or injecting it into a vein or muscle).

Topical medications come in various forms, including creams, ointments, gels, lotions, solutions, sprays, and patches. They may be used to treat localized conditions such as skin infections, rashes, inflammation, or pain, or to deliver medication to the eyes or mucous membranes for local or systemic effects.

When applying topical medications, it is important to follow the instructions carefully to ensure proper absorption and avoid irritation or other adverse reactions. This may include cleaning the area before application, covering the treated area with a dressing, or avoiding exposure to sunlight or water after application, depending on the specific medication and its intended use.

Keratolytic agents are substances that cause the softening and sloughing off of excess keratin, the protein that makes up the outermost layer of the skin (stratum corneum). These agents help to break down and remove dead skin cells, increase moisture retention, and promote the growth of new skin cells. They are commonly used in the treatment of various dermatological conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, warts, calluses, and ichthyosis. Examples of keratolytic agents include salicylic acid, urea, lactic acid, and retinoic acid.

Propionibacterium is a genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria that are commonly found on the skin and in the mouth, intestines, and genitourinary tract of humans and animals. They are named after their ability to produce propionic acid as a major metabolic end product. Some species of Propionibacterium, such as P. acnes, are associated with skin conditions like acne vulgaris, where they contribute to the inflammatory response that leads to the formation of pimples and lesions. Other species, such as P. freudenreichii, are used in the food industry for the production of dairy products like Swiss cheese and yogurt. Propionibacterium species are generally considered to be non-pathogenic or opportunistic pathogens, meaning that they can cause infection under certain circumstances, such as when the immune system is compromised.

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition primarily characterized by persistent redness, inflammation, and visible blood vessels on the face, particularly the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin. It can also cause small, red, pus-filled bumps. Rosacea typically affects adults between 30 and 50 years old, with fair skin types being more susceptible. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but it's believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including abnormal facial blood vessels, immune system issues, and certain triggers (such as sun exposure, emotional stress, hot or cold weather, heavy exercise, alcohol consumption, spicy foods, and certain skin care products). There is no cure for rosacea, but various treatments can help control its symptoms and improve the appearance of the skin. These may include topical medications, oral antibiotics, laser therapy, and lifestyle modifications to avoid triggers.

'Desulfovibrio vulgaris' is a species of gram-negative, sulfate-reducing bacteria that is commonly found in aquatic environments, sediments, and the gastrointestinal tracts of animals. These bacteria are capable of reducing sulfates to sulfides, which can be toxic to other organisms and contribute to the formation of foul odors in certain environments. They are also able to use a variety of organic compounds as electron donors during this process, making them important players in the global sulfur cycle.

In medical contexts, 'Desulfovibrio vulgaris' is not typically considered a pathogen or cause of disease. However, there is some evidence to suggest that these bacteria may be associated with certain gastrointestinal disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer. This is because the sulfides produced by 'Desulfovibrio vulgaris' can be toxic to the cells lining the gut, leading to inflammation and damage.

It's worth noting that more research is needed to fully understand the role of 'Desulfovibrio vulgaris' in human health and disease. While these bacteria may contribute to certain gastrointestinal disorders, they are likely just one piece of a complex puzzle involving many different factors.

An ointment is a semi-solid preparation, typically composed of a mixture of medicinal substance with a base, which is usually greasy or oily. The purpose of the base is to act as a vehicle for the active ingredient and allow it to be applied smoothly and evenly to the skin or mucous membranes.

Ointments are commonly used in dermatology to treat various skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, rashes, burns, and wounds. They can also be used to deliver medication for localized pain relief, muscle relaxation, and anti-inflammatory or antibiotic effects.

The base of an ointment may consist of various ingredients, including petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil, beeswax, or a combination of these. The choice of the base depends on the desired properties such as consistency, spreadability, and stability, as well as the intended route of administration and the specific therapeutic goals.

In medical terms, "gels" are semi-solid colloidal systems in which a solid phase is dispersed in a liquid medium. They have a viscous consistency and can be described as a cross between a solid and a liquid. The solid particles, called the gel network, absorb and swell with the liquid component, creating a system that has properties of both solids and liquids.

Gels are widely used in medical applications such as wound dressings, drug delivery systems, and tissue engineering due to their unique properties. They can provide a moist environment for wounds to heal, control the release of drugs over time, and mimic the mechanical properties of natural tissues.

Clindamycin is a antibiotic medication used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. It is a type of antibiotic known as a lincosamide, which works by binding to the bacterial ribosome and inhibiting protein synthesis. This leads to the death of the bacteria and helps to clear the infection.

Clindamycin is effective against a wide range of gram-positive and some anaerobic bacteria, making it a useful antibiotic for treating many different types of infections, including skin and soft tissue infections, bone and joint infections, respiratory infections, and dental infections. It is also sometimes used to treat certain types of bacterial vaginal infections.

Like all antibiotics, clindamycin should be used only under the direction of a healthcare provider, as misuse can lead to antibiotic resistance. Additionally, clindamycin can cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, and it may increase the risk of developing a serious intestinal infection called Clostridioides difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully when taking this medication.

Chlorella vulgaris is a species of freshwater microalga that is commonly used in health supplements, skincare products, and agricultural applications due to its high nutritional value and rapid growth rate. It contains various nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and pigments like chlorophyll.

In the medical field, Chlorella vulgaris has been studied for its potential health benefits, including:

1. Detoxification: Chlorella vulgaris is known to have a strong ability to bind to heavy metals and other toxins, making it useful in detoxification therapies.
2. Immune system support: Some studies suggest that Chlorella vulgaris may help boost the immune system by increasing the activity of natural killer cells and enhancing the production of antibodies.
3. Anti-inflammatory effects: Chlorella vulgaris contains various bioactive compounds, such as carotenoids and phenolic acids, that exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.
4. Antioxidant activity: The high content of chlorophyll, carotenoids, and other antioxidants in Chlorella vulgaris may help protect cells from oxidative damage.
5. Cardiovascular health: Some research indicates that Chlorella vulgaris may help lower blood pressure, reduce serum cholesterol levels, and improve lipid metabolism, which could contribute to better cardiovascular health.
6. Anti-cancer properties: Preliminary studies suggest that Chlorella vulgaris may have potential anti-cancer effects by inhibiting the growth of cancer cells and inducing apoptosis (programmed cell death). However, more research is needed in this area to confirm its efficacy and safety.

It's important to note that while Chlorella vulgaris has shown promise in various health applications, further research is required to fully understand its benefits and potential risks. Always consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement or therapy.

Gram-positive bacterial infections refer to illnesses or diseases caused by Gram-positive bacteria, which are a group of bacteria that turn purple when stained using the Gram stain method. This staining technique is used in microbiology to differentiate between two main types of bacteria based on their cell wall composition.

Gram-positive bacteria have a thick layer of peptidoglycan in their cell walls, which retains the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining process. Some common examples of Gram-positive bacteria include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Enterococcus faecalis.

Gram-positive bacterial infections can range from mild skin infections to severe and life-threatening conditions such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. The symptoms of these infections depend on the type of bacteria involved and the location of the infection in the body. Treatment typically involves the use of antibiotics that are effective against Gram-positive bacteria, such as penicillin, vancomycin, or clindamycin. However, the emergence of antibiotic resistance among Gram-positive bacteria is a growing concern and can complicate treatment in some cases.

'Beta vulgaris' is the scientific name for a group of plants that includes several common vegetables such as beets, chard, and sugar beets. This species is native to coastal regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia.

Beets, also known as table beets or garden beets, are grown for their edible roots, which can be red, yellow, or striped. They have a sweet, earthy flavor and are often eaten raw, pickled, or cooked. Beet greens, the leaves of the plant, are also edible and have a mild flavor similar to spinach.

Chard, also known as Swiss chard, is grown for its large, colorful leaves that can be green, red, yellow, or white. The leaves and stems are both edible and have a slightly bitter taste. Chard is often used in salads, soups, and stir-fries.

Sugar beets are grown for their roots, which contain high levels of sucrose. They are used to produce granulated sugar, molasses, and other sweeteners. Sugar beets are not typically eaten as a vegetable, but the leaves can be consumed in the same way as chard.

In summary, 'Beta vulgaris' is a versatile species of plant that includes several popular vegetables, including beets, chard, and sugar beets.

"Phaseolus" is a term that refers to a genus of plants in the legume family Fabaceae, also known as the pea family. The most common and well-known species in this genus is "Phaseolus vulgaris," which is commonly called the common bean. This includes many familiar varieties such as kidney beans, black beans, navy beans, pinto beans, and green beans.

These plants are native to the Americas and have been cultivated for thousands of years for their edible seeds (beans) and pods (green beans). They are an important source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals in many diets around the world.

It's worth noting that "Phaseolus" is a taxonomic term used in the scientific classification of plants, and it does not have a specific medical definition. However, the beans from these plants do have various health benefits and potential medicinal properties, such as being associated with reduced risk of heart disease, improved gut health, and better blood sugar control.

The ear is the sensory organ responsible for hearing and maintaining balance. It can be divided into three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The outer ear consists of the pinna (the visible part of the ear) and the external auditory canal, which directs sound waves toward the eardrum. The middle ear contains three small bones called ossicles that transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The inner ear contains the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain, and the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance.

The inner ear is the innermost part of the ear that contains the sensory organs for hearing and balance. It consists of a complex system of fluid-filled tubes and sacs called the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance and spatial orientation, and the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain.

The inner ear is located deep within the temporal bone of the skull and is protected by a bony labyrinth. The vestibular system includes the semicircular canals, which detect rotational movements of the head, and the otolith organs (the saccule and utricle), which detect linear acceleration and gravity.

Damage to the inner ear can result in hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (a spinning sensation), and balance problems.

The middle ear is the middle of the three parts of the ear, located between the outer ear and inner ear. It contains three small bones called ossicles (the malleus, incus, and stapes) that transmit and amplify sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The middle ear also contains the Eustachian tube, which helps regulate air pressure in the middle ear and protects against infection by allowing fluid to drain from the middle ear into the back of the throat.

The external ear is the visible portion of the ear that resides outside of the head. It consists of two main structures: the pinna or auricle, which is the cartilaginous structure that people commonly refer to as the "ear," and the external auditory canal, which is the tubular passageway that leads to the eardrum (tympanic membrane).

The primary function of the external ear is to collect and direct sound waves into the middle and inner ear, where they can be converted into neural signals and transmitted to the brain for processing. The external ear also helps protect the middle and inner ear from damage by foreign objects and excessive noise.

Breast diseases refer to a wide range of conditions that affect the breast tissue. These can be broadly categorized into non-cancerous and cancerous conditions.

Non-cancerous breast diseases include:

1. Fibrocystic breast changes: This is a common condition where the breast tissue becomes lumpy, tender, and sometimes painful. It is caused by hormonal changes and is most common in women aged 20 to 50.
2. Mastitis: This is an infection of the breast tissue, usually occurring in breastfeeding women. Symptoms include redness, swelling, warmth, and pain in the affected area.
3. Breast abscess: This is a collection of pus in the breast tissue, often caused by bacterial infection. It can be painful and may require surgical drainage.
4. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors made up of glandular and fibrous tissue. They are usually round, firm, and mobile, and can be removed if they cause discomfort.
5. Intraductal papillomas: These are small, wart-like growths that occur in the milk ducts. They may cause nipple discharge, which can be bloody or clear.

Cancerous breast diseases include:

1. Breast cancer: This is a malignant tumor that starts in the breast tissue. It can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated. There are several types of breast cancer, including ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, and inflammatory breast cancer.
2. Paget's disease of the nipple: This is a rare form of breast cancer that affects the skin of the nipple and areola. It can cause symptoms such as redness, itching, burning, and flaking of the nipple skin.
3. Phyllodes tumors: These are rare breast tumors that can be benign or malignant. They usually grow quickly and may require surgical removal.

It is important to note that not all breast lumps are cancerous, and many non-cancerous conditions can cause breast changes. However, any new or unusual breast symptoms should be evaluated by a healthcare professional to rule out serious conditions such as breast cancer.

Palpation is a medical examination technique in which a healthcare professional uses their hands to feel the size, shape, and consistency of body parts, including organs, tissues, and bones. It is used to assess the patient's overall health, identify any abnormalities or areas of pain, monitor healing and disease progression, and guide diagnostic and treatment decisions.

During palpation, the healthcare professional applies gentle pressure with their fingers or hands to specific areas of the body, feeling for any changes in texture, temperature, moisture, or movement. The technique can be used to assess various bodily systems, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, and nervous systems.

Palpation is a valuable tool in physical examinations because it is non-invasive, relatively quick, and cost-effective. It can provide important information that helps healthcare professionals make accurate diagnoses and develop effective treatment plans for their patients.

Ear diseases are medical conditions that affect the ear and its various components, including the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. These diseases can cause a range of symptoms, such as hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), ear pain, and discharge. Some common ear diseases include:

1. Otitis externa (swimmer's ear) - an infection or inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal.
2. Otitis media - an infection or inflammation of the middle ear, often caused by a cold or flu.
3. Cholesteatoma - a skin growth that develops in the middle ear behind the eardrum.
4. Meniere's disease - a disorder of the inner ear that can cause vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus.
5. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders - problems with the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull, which can cause ear pain and other symptoms.
6. Acoustic neuroma - a noncancerous tumor that grows on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.
7. Presbycusis - age-related hearing loss.

Treatment for ear diseases varies depending on the specific condition and its severity. It may include medication, surgery, or other therapies. If you are experiencing symptoms of an ear disease, it is important to seek medical attention from a healthcare professional, such as an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist).

Frank SB (1971). Acne Vulgaris. Thomas. p. 259. ISBN 9780398006020. New York State Journal of Medicine. Medical Society of the ... It was formulated and used as a micronized topical medication to treat acne in adolescent boys and young men. The drug was ...
36-. ISBN 978-3-540-46911-7. Shalita AR, Del Rosso JQ, Webster G (21 March 2011). Acne Vulgaris. CRC Press. pp. 200-. ISBN 978- ...
Samuel B. Frank (1971). Acne Vulgaris. Thomas. p. 131. ISBN 9780398006020. The chemical structure of progesterone and ... acne, oily skin, hirsutism, or voice deepening, nor with virilization of female fetuses. As such, the scientific consensus is ... "Topical Androgen Treatment for ACNE a Review". Drug Intelligence & Clinical Pharmacy. 12 (3): 151-157. doi:10.1177/ ... to testosterone in vitro by human and animal ovarian and testicular tissue.44-47 Although the role of progesterone in acne and ...
Williams, Hywel C; Dellavalle, Robert P; Garner, Sarah (2012). "Acne vulgaris". The Lancet. Elsevier BV. 379 (9813): 361-372. ... Acne: Often associated with adolescence but can persist into adulthood, leading to scarring or pigmentation. Psoriasis: ... Scar: Can result from injuries, surgeries, or severe acne. Vitiligo: This condition causes patches of skin to lose their ...
Acne vulgaris is the disease most commonly associated with C. acnes infection.[citation needed] Acne vulgaris is a chronic ... Moderate to severe acne vulgaris appears to be more often associated with virulent strains. Cutibacterium acnes is often ... Kim J (2005). "Review of the innate immune response in acne vulgaris: activation of Toll-like receptor 2 in acne triggers ... Propionibacterium acnes) and acne vulgaris: a brief look at the latest updates". Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology ...
Scarring is most likely to take place with severe acne but may occur with any form of acne vulgaris. Acne scars are classified ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog ... The severity of acne vulgaris (Gr. ἀκµή, "point" + L. vulgaris, "common") can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe to ... However, when acne is caused by mechanical obstruction it is not considered a form of acne vulgaris when being very technical. ...
Bhate, K; Williams, H. C. (2013). "Epidemiology of acne vulgaris". British Journal of Dermatology. 168 (3): 474-85. doi:10.1111 ... Mahmood SN, Bowe WP (April 2014). "Diet and acne update: carbohydrates emerge as the main culprit". Journal of Drugs in ... Melnik, BC; John, SM; Plewig, G (November 2013). "Acne: risk indicator for increased body mass index and insulin resistance". ... Ferdowsian HR, Levin S (March 2010). "Does diet really affect acne?". Skin Therapy Letter. 15 (3): 1-2, 5. PMID 20361171. ...
Andrews GC, Domonkos AN, Post CF (July 1951). "Treatment of acne vulgaris". J Am Med Assoc. 146 (12): 1107-13. doi:10.1001/jama ... Day RL, Anderson NP (July 1952). "The management of acne vulgaris". Postgrad Med. 12 (1): 34-40. doi:10.1080/00325481.1952. ... Systemic estrogen therapy at adequate doses is effective for and has been used in the treatment of acne in both females and ... Welsh AL (April 1954). "Use of synthetic estrogenic substance chlorotrianisene (TACE) in treatment of acne". AMA Arch Derm ...
"Dapsone and Acne Vulgaris". ScienceOfAcne.com. 2012-10-10. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2012-08-17. ... Dapsone by mouth was one of the first medications used to treat moderate to severe acne vulgaris, and is still occasionally ... Pickert A, Raimer S (June 2009). "An evaluation of dapsone gel 5% in the treatment of acne vulgaris". Expert Opinion on ... a review of its efficacy and safety in the treatment of acne vulgaris". American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. 10 (4): 221- ...
... such as acne vulgaris. It is often an effective treatment for cases of acne vulgaris that have responded poorly to other ... "Adolescent Acne: Management". Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. "Amoxicillin and Acne Vulgaris". scienceofacne. ...
Oge' LK, Broussard A, Marshall MD (October 2019). "Acne Vulgaris: Diagnosis and Treatment". Am Fam Physician. 100 (8): 475-84. ... Topical application of clindamycin phosphate can be used to treat mild to moderate acne. For the treatment of acne, in the long ... and is used primarily as a prescription acne treatment. Several combination acne treatments containing clindamycin are also ... It can also be used to treat acne, and some cases of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In combination with ...
Topical fusidic acid is occasionally used as a treatment for acne vulgaris. As a treatment for acne, fusidic acid is often ... "Fusidic Acid and Acne Vulgaris". ScienceOfAcne.com. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2012-08-14. Sommer S, Bojar R, Cunliffe WJ, Holland D ... fusidic acid lotion in the treatment of acne vulgaris". Clinical and Experimental Dermatology. 22 (5): 211-215. doi:10.1046/j. ... However, research studies have indicated that fusidic acid is not as highly active against Cutibacterium acnes as many other ...
Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, Liu Y (January 2015). "Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris". Cochrane ... Although tea tree oil is claimed to be useful for treating dandruff, acne, lice, herpes, insect bites, scabies, and skin fungal ... A 2015 Cochrane review of acne complementary therapies found a single low-quality trial showing benefit on skin lesions ... Acne treatments, Antifungals, Antiseptics, Dermatologic drugs, Endocrine disruptors, Essential oils, Non-timber forest products ...
Citing Lowney E, Witkowski J, Simons H, Zagula Z (September 1964). "Value of comedo extraction in treatment of acne vulgaris". ... Comedo extraction is a widely used method of treatment for acne vulgaris. A dermatologist or cosmetologist may extract ... Taub AF (September 2007). "Procedural treatments for acne vulgaris". Dermatologic Surgery. 33 (9): 1005-26. doi:10.1111/j.1524- ... Taub AF (September 2007). "Procedural treatments for acne vulgaris". Dermatologic Surgery. 33 (9): 1005-26. doi:10.1111/j.1524- ...
Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, Liu Y (January 2015). "Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris". The Cochrane ... There is a lack of evidence to support the use of cupping therapy for acne. Additionally, cupping is often practiced along with ... acne, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, anemia, stroke rehabilitation, nasal congestion, infertility, and dysmenorrhea. There is ... acne, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, anemia, stroke rehabilitation, nasal congestion, infertility, and menstrual period cramping ...
The most studied of these infections is acne vulgaris, caused by Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes). It is ... "Complement activation in acne vulgaris: in vitro studies with Propionibacterium acnes and Propionibacterium granulosum". ... Acne vulgaris cannot be defined as an infectious disease since the bacteria is found on a vast majority of individuals without ... C. acnes colonize the skin only under certain favorable conditions. In most cases, C. acnes get trapped under the comedones ...
In the US, isotretinoin was released to the market in 1982 as a revolutionary treatment for severe and refractory acne vulgaris ... Trifarotene is a prescription retinoid for the topical treatment acne vulgaris. It functions as a retinoic acid receptor (RAR)- ... Merritt B, Burkhart CN, Morrell DS (June 2009). "Use of isotretinoin for acne vulgaris". Pediatric Annals. 38 (6): 311-20. doi: ... In addition to the approved use for treating acne vulgaris, researchers have investigated off-label applications for ...
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8344-1. ISBN 978-1-4614-8343-4. Ashton, Rosalind; Weinstein, Miriam (November 2019). "Acne Vulgaris in ... Acne aestivalis Infantile acne List of cutaneous conditions Holm EA, Jemec GB (December 2000). "[Acne neonatorum/acne infantum ... Neonatal acne, also known as acne neonatorum, is an acneiform eruption that occurs in newborns or infants within the first 4-6 ... Antibiotics kill P. acnes on skin that could be causing inflammation. With the emergence of resistant P. acnes, experts ...
Merritt B, Burkhart CN, Morrell DS (June 2009). "Use of isotretinoin for acne vulgaris". Pediatric Annals. 38 (6): 311-20. doi: ... Isotretinoin is used primarily for severe cystic acne and acne that has not responded to other treatments. Many dermatologists ... Isotretinoin is the only available acne drug that affects all four major pathogenic processes in acne, which distinguishes it ... Abramowitz M, Hilts P (23 April 1988). "FDA Eyes Ban on Acne Drug". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 November 2022. "Anti-Acne ...
ICG and an infrared laser have also been used the same way to treat acne vulgaris. ICG is being studied as a possible antidote ... "Indocyanine green-laser thermolysis of acne vulgaris". In Van Den Bergh, Hubert; Vogel, Alfred (eds.). Therapeutic Laser ... "Low-intensity indocyanine-green laser phototherapy of acne vulgaris: Pilot study". Journal of Biomedical Optics. 9 (4): 828-34 ...
Historically, minocycline has been an effective treatment for acne vulgaris. However, acne that is caused by antibiotic- ... "Minocycline, Doxycycline and Acne Vulgaris". ScienceOfAcne.com. Archived from the original on 7 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August ... In the United States, minocycline is indicated to treat inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in ... The use of minocycline in acne vulgaris has been associated with skin and gut dysbiosis (see antibiotic misuse). The ...
"Dapsone in the Management of Acne Vulgaris". Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association. 5 (6): 315-319. doi:10.1097/jdn. ... Some sources state that acne, a side effect of using ceruse, was even associated with witchcraft during the 16th century. ...
Pugashetti, Rupa; Shinkai, Kanade (July 2013). "Treatment of acne vulgaris in pregnant patients: Treatment of acne vulgaris in ... Acne vulgaris (acne) can occur in pregnancy possibly due to the hormonal changes influencing sebum production. There are ... Kong, Y. L.; Tey, H. L. (June 2013). "Treatment of Acne Vulgaris During Pregnancy and Lactation". Drugs. 73 (8): 779-787. doi: ... Meredith, Fiona M.; Ormerod, Anthony D. (October 2013). "The Management of Acne Vulgaris in Pregnancy". American Journal of ...
Piskin S, Uzunali E (August 2007). "A review of the use of adapalene for the treatment of acne vulgaris". Therapeutics and ... Kolli SS, Pecone D, Pona A, Cline A, Feldman SR (June 2019). "Topical Retinoids in Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review". ... September 2003). "Efficacy and tolerability of combined topical treatment of acne vulgaris with adapalene and clindamycin: a ... A study with six acne patients treated once daily for five days with two grams of adapalene cream applied to 1,000 cm2 (160 sq ...
Multiple studies support the efficacy of topical retinoids in the treatment of acne vulgaris. It is sometimes used in ... Zaenglein AL (September 2008). "Topical retinoids in the treatment of acne vulgaris". Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and ... July 2003). "Management of acne: a report from a Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne". Journal of the American Academy ... In addition to treating active acne, retinoids accelerate the resolution of acne-induced postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. It ...
Kong YL, Tey HL (June 2013). "Treatment of acne vulgaris during pregnancy and lactation". Drugs. 73 (8): 779-87. doi:10.1007/ ...
... the main bacterium associated with acne. In general, acne vulgaris is a hormone-mediated inflammation of sebaceous glands and ... Treatment with benzoyl peroxide was proposed for wounds by Lyon and Reynolds in 1929, and for sycosis vulgaris and acne ... Bojar RA, Cunliffe WJ, Holland KT (February 1995). "The short-term treatment of acne vulgaris with benzoyl peroxide: effects on ... Simonart T (December 2012). "Newer approaches to the treatment of acne vulgaris". American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. 13 ...
Kolli SS, Pecone D, Pona A, Cline A, Feldman SR (June 2019). "Topical Retinoids in Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review". Am J ... Han G, Wu JJ, Del Rosso JQ (September 2020). "Use of Topical Tazarotene for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Pregnancy: A ... Tazarotene is most commonly used topically to treat acne vulgaris and psoriasis. Like other topical retinoids, such as ... It is primarily used for the treatment of plaque psoriasis and acne. Tazarotene is also used as a therapeutic for photoaged and ...
Kong YL, Tey HL (June 2013). "Treatment of acne vulgaris during pregnancy and lactation". Drugs. 73 (8): 779-87. doi:10.1007/ ...
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.1968.tb11978.x. Blair, Cicely (8 August 1968). "The thickness of the stratum coeneum in acne vulgaris ... Whilst at St Bartholomew's, she focussed on acne research, discovering that the pigment in blackhead comedones is melanin and ...
Permanent scarring may follow a severe case of acne. Men are ... Acne frequently occurs on the back. Here, there are 2 to 6 ... Acne frequently occurs on the back. Here, there are 2 to 6 millimeter wide erythematous (red) pustules with large open and ... Permanent scarring may follow a severe case of acne. Men are more often affected on their shoulders and back than are women. ...
Acne is a condition which can be effectively treated. In order to make most of the treatments available it is necessary to ... Mild acne affects many teenagers at some point but also adults. ... Acne. vulgaris and acneiform eruptions. In: Wolff K, Goldsmith ... Natural Treatment Options for Acne Vulgaris. by Claudia Louch(more info). listed in herbal medicine, originally published in ... Management of acne: a report from a global alliance to improve outcomes in acne. J Am Acad Dermatol. 49(1 Suppl):S1-S37. 2003. ...
Laser surgery has been in use for some time to reduce the scars left behind by acne, but research has been done on lasers for ... to use a cosmetic laser for the treatment of acne.[1] However, efficacy studies have used very small sample sizes (fewer than ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Acne_vulgaris_surgery&oldid=1634272" ... prevention of acne formation itself. The laser is used to produce one of the following effects: *To burn away the follicle sac ...
... also known as acne vulgaris, is thought to be caused by multiple factors. Overproduction of a normal oil on the skin, called ... Acne (Acne Vulgaris) Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, but it is ... However, acne can persist into the 30s and beyond, and some adults who never had acne as a teen can develop acne for the first ... Acne is often hereditary, meaning it runs in families. While there is no cure for acne, almost all acne can be improved by ...
A total of 75 patients with inflammatory acne vulgaris were divided into three groups. Group A was treated with combination of ... A total of 75 patients with inflammatory acne vulgaris were divided into three groups. Group A was treated with combination of ... efficacy of topical clindamycin and nicotinamide combination with plain clindamycin for the treatment of acne vulgaris and acne ... It was concluded that addition of nicotinamide was of not much value in treating inflammatory acne and results were some as for ...
About Acne Vulgaris Acne vulgaris ("vulgaris" means "common") is the most common skin problem seen by doctors in Canada. It ... for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris (common acne) in patients 10 years of age and older.1 ... Home » All News » Health Canada Approves ARAZLO™ (Tazarotene) Lotion, 0.045%, First Such Lotion Treatment For Acne Vulgaris ... Health Canada Approves ARAZLO™ (Tazarotene) Lotion, 0.045%, First Such Lotion Treatment For Acne Vulgaris. August 4, 2021. ...
Acne Lesion Extraction versus Oral Doxycycline for Moderate Acne Vulgaris: A Randomized Clinical Trial June 1, 2021 ... Adhesive Agents and Zinc-Pyrrolidone Carboxylic Acid Versus Placebo as an Adjuvant Treatment for Moderate Acne Vulgaris in ...
Acne Vulgaris - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the MSD Manuals - Medical Professional ... Prognosis for Acne Vulgaris Acne of any severity usually remits spontaneously by the early to mid 20s, but a substantial ... Moderate acne Oral systemic therapy with antibiotics is the best way to treat moderate acne. Antibiotics effective for acne ... Acne conglobata is the most severe form of acne vulgaris, affecting men more than women. Patients have abscesses, draining ...
Acne vulgaris. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(14): 1343-1352. *Fitzpatrick L. Mauer E. Chen CL. US dermatologists knowledge, comfort, ... Acne. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:1463.72. *Lynde CW. Hormonal approach to the treatment of acne: a Canadian perspective. J Cutan ... Meta-analysis comparing efficacy of antibiotics versus oral contraceptives in acne vulgaris. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014;71(3):450 ... Use of oral contraceptives for management of acne vulgaris practical considerations in real world practice. Dermatol Clin. 2016 ...
... discuss the practical and clinical considerations in the management of acne vulgaris, reviewing available treatment options and ... Expert Perspective on the Clinical Management of Acne Vulgaris. EP: 2. .Adapting Acne Management to Changing Patient ... Exploring Expert Perspectives on the Management of Acne Vulgaris. EP: 12. .Discovering Dermatology Times: June 2023 Acne ... Frontline Forum Part 2: Exploring Expert Perspectives on the Management of Acne Vulgaris. June 23, 2023. Neal Bhatia, MD. Dawn ...
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Who is at Risk for Developing Acne Vulgaris?*What is the Cause of Acne Vulgaris?*Systemic Implications and Complications* ... Acne Variants. Acne fulminans is a severe, eruptive form of acne that primarily occurs in teenaged boys, ages 13-16. The acne ... Who is at Risk for Developing Acne Vulgaris?. Acne is a common disorder in adolescents, affecting up to 85% of 12-24 year olds ... Additionally, true acne vulgaris should be differentiated from acneiform eruptions. These include:. 1. Drug-induced acne ( ...
... such as endocrine disorders in people with endocrine acne variant called endocrine acne occurs. Acne vulgaris is a clinical ... Acne is the most common form of acne. Acne lesions are created by the person. In addition to dermatological agents, psychiatric ... halogen drugs such as iodine and bromide can lead to acne. Another acne that begins to appear frequently today is cosmetic acne ... Acne vulgaris is a disease of inflammation of the hair follicle and its associated sebaceous glands. The disease manifests ...
The AcneVulgaris.net Web Site (the Site) is an online information service provided by AcneVulgaris.net (AcneVulgaris.net ... In addition, a link to a AcneVulgaris.net web site does not mean that AcneVulgaris.net endorses or accepts any responsibility ... When you access a non-AcneVulgaris.net web site, please understand that it is independent from AcneVulgaris.net, and that ... or by e-mail to AcneVulgaris.net by all means and in any media now known or hereafter developed. You also grant to AcneVulgaris ...
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Differentiating Acne Vulgaris from other Diseases. Epidemiology and Demographics. Risk Factors. Natural History, Complications ... Synonyms and keywords: Common acne Overview. Historical Perspective. Classification. Pathophysiology. Causes. ... Sunburn · actinic rays (Actinic keratosis, Actinic cheilitis) · Polymorphous light eruption (Acne aestivalis) · Radiodermatitis ... "Acne Questions and Answers". From the National Institute of Health.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw- ...
... , Cystic Acne, Systemic Acne Vulgaris Management, Systemic Antibiotics in Acne Vulgaris. ... Acne Severe Acne Vulgaris Management. search Severe Acne Vulgaris Management, Cystic Acne, Systemic Acne Vulgaris Management, ... Step 3 - Maximal medical therapy (cystic or refractory acne) * Isotretinoin (Accutane). *Consider in all patients with ... As with topical Antibiotic Resistance in acne, oral Antibiotic Resistance is also increasing ...
Causes of Acne Vulgaris. Acne Vulgaris Food Myths - Exposed. The fact that acne vulgaris is caused by eating too much greasy ... What is Acne Vulgaris?. The term acne vulgaris is one used to describe an inflammatory skin disease which is fairly commonplace ... The Connection Between Acne Vulgaris and Hormones. Hormone changes that cause an excess of oil in the skin are a leading cause ... Acne vulgaris lesions are often more commonly known as zits, blackheads, whiteheads and pimples and they occur in an ...
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Treatment of Acne Vulgaris Grade II in a Short Period of Time Unknown Status Phase 4 Trials for Benzoyl peroxide (DB09096). ... DBCOND0049998 (Treatment of Acne Vulgaris Grade II in a Short Period of Time). Unknown Status. 4. ... Back to Treatment of Acne Vulgaris Grade II in a Short Period of Time ... of Moderate Acne Vulgaris Grade II (Pimples). Treatment. *Benzoyl peroxide (DB09096) ...
Introduction: Systemic isotretinoin is the most effective treatment modality in acne vulgaris; however, both patients and ...
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... Nursing Diagnosis: Impaired Skin Integrity related to the destruction of skin tissue ...
acne vulgaris pictures - this is an unpleasant disease. The photos of acne vulgaris pictures below are not recommended for ...
ብጉር በአብዛኞቻችን ዘንድ የሚታወቅ፤ ወዝ አመንጪ እጢዎች ተከማችተው በሚገኙባቸው የአካል ክፍሎች ላይ (ፊት ፣ ደረት ፣ የላይኛው የጀርባ ክፍል) የሚወጣ የቆዳ ህመም አይነት ነው። ብጉር ከጨቅላ ህጻናት ጀምሮ የሚከሰት ቢሆንም በአብዛኛው ከ12-25 የእድሜ ክልል ውስጥ በሚገኙ ወጣቶች ላይ ይታያል። ብጉር አብዛኛውን ጊዜ ወንዶች ላይ የሚከሰት ሲሆን ከወጣትነት የእድሜ ክልል በኋላ (30 እና 40ዎቹ) የሚከሰተው የብጉር…
What is acne vulgaris?. Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease that affects 60-70% of Americans at some time during their lives ... What causes acne vulgaris?. The development of acne is multi-factorial and, in addition to genetics, there are 4 leading ... Who is affected by acne vulgaris?. Age, sex, race and genetics play a role in risk of acne development. Genetics are a key ... How is acne vulgaris treated?. Patients with acne can experience significant psychological morbidity so treatment is important ...
Donts of Acne Vulgaris - Wash your face at least 5 times a day, taking care that it does not become too dry. Do not use ... My doctor has diagnosed me with Acne Vulgaris. Why does one get affected with it .... ...
Acne vulgaris. Share on Pinterest. Acne on the face and ear Yashkin Ilya/Shutterstock. ... Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles in the skin become clogged. Dead skin cells and oil can clog ... If you have a history of acne, it may be easy for you to diagnose a lump or bump behind your ear as a pimple. But for other ... for lumps caused by acne. This could include medications like benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, or antibiotics, all of which can be ...
Acne Vulgaris is a disorder in the pilosebaceous unit, in which hair follicles become clogged with skin cells, bacteria and ... Acne Vulgaris is a disorder in the pilosebaceous unit, in which hair follicles become clogged with skin cells, bacteria and ... No matter the severity of your active acne lesions or acne scarring, with our range of offerings from topical medical-grade ... Acne lesions and scarring can have detrimental effects on your skin and affect the way you look and feel. Having a negative ...
  • Hormonal activation, increased sebaceous gland secretion, microorganisms at the bottom of the hair (propionibacterium acnes) and thickening at the bottom of the hair are the most important of these factors. (medicabil.com)
  • Presence of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) within the hair follicle that cause inflammation by recruiting inflammatory cells. (medwebplus.com)
  • Propionibacterium acnes ( P. acnes ) is a bacterium that normally grows on your skin. (healthline.com)
  • IL-1β drives inflammatory responses to Propionibacterium acnes in vitro and in vivo. (nutricion.org)
  • Propionibacterium species belong to the genera of coryneforms and are the best studied because of their association with acne vulgaris. (medscape.com)
  • Propionibacterium acnes is found briefly on the skin of neonates, but true colonization begins during the 1-3 years prior to sexual maturity. (medscape.com)
  • Twenty-nine of the cases were due to P acnes , 3 were due to P granulosum , and 1 was an unspecified Propionibacterium species. (medscape.com)
  • Microcomedones are non-inflammatory lesions, which are the first signs of acne. (positivehealth.com)
  • It can take as long as 2 to 3 years before they become significant acne lesions. (positivehealth.com)
  • These are always the precursor lesions to acne. (positivehealth.com)
  • Whiteheads (closed comedones) are the earliest lesions of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays small, slightly elevated lesions and scars in an adult with chronic acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays pus-filled lesions with whiteheads and blackheads (closed and open comedones) in an adult with moderate acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays mild pus-filled lesions and bumps of acne on the chest. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays pus-filled lesions and blackheads (open comedones), as well as darkened areas from previous acne lesions. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays bumps, pus-filled lesions, and dark, flat pigmented marks from previous acne lesions. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays small acne pus-filled lesions as well as darker marks from previous lesions on the forehead. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays bumps, pus-filled lesions, whiteheads (closed comedones), and flat, brown marks from old lesions typical of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • Close-up of pustules and inflammatory skin lesions of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays small bumps, pus-filled lesions, and residual flat, red marks typical of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays numerous pink bumps and pus-filled lesions typical of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays moderate inflammatory acne lesions. (skinsight.com)
  • Acne results in a variety of skin lesions. (skinsight.com)
  • The most common locations for acne lesions include the face, neck, chest, and back, where the most sebaceous glands are located. (skinsight.com)
  • Tazarotene is a powerful retinoid that has been shown to be effective in treating inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne lesions. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • ARAZLO (tazarotene) lotion, 0.045% is a prescription medicine used on the skin (topical) to treat people ten years of age and older with acne, which can include blackheads, whiteheads, and other pimples, including inflammatory lesions, nodules and cysts. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • Closed comedones are the precursor lesions to inflammatory acne. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Lesions of acne include open and closed comedones. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • The clinically inflammatory lesions seen in acne vary from papules and pustules to more severe nodules and nodulocystic lesions (Figure 3). (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Scarring most often results from more severe inflammatory acne lesions but can occur with milder forms as well. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Almost all people have few or many acne vulgaris lesions during their lifetime. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne lesions are created by the person. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne lesions are common in those who come into contact with substances such as chlorinated hydro carbons, industrial solvents, coal tar derivatives, Vaseline and oils during their work. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne vulgaris lesions are often more commonly known as zits, blackheads, whiteheads and pimples and they occur in an environment where there is a change in the skin cell units known as 'pilosebeaceous units' which contain sebaceous glands, a substance called sebum, and a hair follicle. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • As hormone changes become more stable over time, the acne vulgaris lesions will begin to diminish or decrease and will eventually disappear. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Acne lesions appear as pink, red or white bumps and cysts on the facial skin, chest or back. (351face.com)
  • Acne lesions and scarring can have detrimental effects on your skin and affect the way you look and feel. (351face.com)
  • No matter the severity of your active acne lesions or acne scarring, with our range of offerings from topical medical-grade skin care regimens to microneedling, platelet-rich plasma therapy, laser treatment and surgical options, you will be in the best possible hands to restore your skin to its natural, healthy beauty. (351face.com)
  • Papular lesions: Keloids developed from back acne. (medscape.com)
  • Moderate to severe acne was defined as having 30 to 100 inflammatory lesions (papules, pustules, or nodules), 35 to 150 noninflammatory lesions (open or closed comedones), and at least two nodules. (medscape.com)
  • Retinoids promote a reversal of comedogenesis, leading to a reduction in microcomedos, which is a precursor of both inflammatory and noninflammatory acne lesions (Leyden, 2001). (medscape.com)
  • The lesions tend to be more uniform in appearance than is usual with acne. (dermnetnz.org)
  • In malassezia folliculitis, unlike acne vulgaris , most of the lesions are the same size. (dermnetnz.org)
  • It is characterized by the formation of comedones, non-inflammatory acne lesions and inflammatory lesions: papules, pustules and nodules. (who.int)
  • Scarring and hyperpigmentation are also found in addition to the typical lesions of acne [3]. (who.int)
  • In acne vulgaris, P acnes produces inflammatory mediators that result in acne papules, pustules, and nodulocystic lesions. (medscape.com)
  • The blockage within the hair follicle allows for build up of sebum, which is an ideal environment for P. Acnes to proliferate. (positivehealth.com)
  • P. acnes exists on every skin surface and it tends to proliferate and colonise the hair follicle leading to inflammation, which in itself causes the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as CD4+ T-Lymphocytes, which causes the initial formation of papules and pustules. (positivehealth.com)
  • Acne vulgaris is a disease of inflammation of the hair follicle and its associated sebaceous glands. (medicabil.com)
  • P acnes grows in the lipid-rich microenvironment of the hair follicle. (medscape.com)
  • For instance, Lawrence Eichenfield noted that systemic acne treatment for patients in their mid-teenage years should be severity based. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • Systemic symptoms often accompany acne fulminans. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Local or systemic cortisone treatments, some drugs used to treat tuberculosis, some drugs used in epilepsy, hormonal drugs, halogen drugs such as iodine and bromide can lead to acne. (medicabil.com)
  • Since various old and new topical and systemic agents are available to treat acne, it sometime confuse treating dermatologist. (rjppd.org)
  • Several studies have shown an increase in oxidative stress in the skin and systemic conditions found in acne patients. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • Both topical and systemic monotherapy may induce resistance among Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) and other organisms that comprise the commensal and transient flora. (skintherapyletter.com)
  • BHC ) ("Bausch Health" or the "Company"), and its dermatology division, one of the largest prescription dermatology health care businesses in Canada , today announced that Health Canada has approved the Notice of Compliance (NOC) for ARAZLO TM (tazarotene) lotion, 0.045%, for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris (common acne) in patients 10 years of age and older. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • We aimed to evaluate dermatology residents' knowledge, comfort level, and prescribing practices of COCs in the management of acne vulgaris. (jcadonline.com)
  • Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are commonly used in the treatment of acne vulgaris and current management guidelines from the American Academy of Dermatology, European Dermatology Forum, and French Acne Guidelines all support their use in appropriate patients. (jcadonline.com)
  • This cross-sectional survey study of dermatology residents aimed to identify prescribing practices, knowledge, and comfort level utilizing COCs for treatment of acne vulgaris. (jcadonline.com)
  • Stein Gold is currently helping update the American Academy of Dermatology guidelines (Table 2) for acne, which she said includes a generous literature review. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • In the United States, individuals with acne vulgaris and rosacea account for 20% of the patients prescribed antimicrobials in dermatology. (skintherapyletter.com)
  • ABSTRACT This study in Jordan described the pattern of acne in 166 untreated acne patients aged 13-42 years attending dermatology clinics and assessed patients' perceptions of factors that have an effect on their acne condition. (who.int)
  • This study in Jordan was designed to describe the pattern of acne in patients attending dermatology clinics and assess patients' perceptions of factors that have an effect on their acne condition. (who.int)
  • Acne frequently occurs on the back. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Acne fulminans is a severe, eruptive form of acne that primarily occurs in teenaged boys, ages 13-16. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Infantile acne generally occurs between 3 and 6 months of age, lasting throughout the first and into the second year of life. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Occupational acne, on the other hand, occurs in occupational groups exposed to certain agents. (medicabil.com)
  • Cushing's disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, such as endocrine disorders in people with endocrine acne variant called endocrine acne occurs. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles in the skin become clogged. (healthline.com)
  • Inflammation occurs when Proprionbacterium acnes bacteria colonise blocked pores. (gpnen.org.uk)
  • Acne typically occurs on parts of your body that have sebaceous glands, which are tiny oil-producing glands that are influenced by hormones. (healthline.com)
  • Acne vulgaris occurs in up to 96% of all adolescents and around 15% of those suffer from moderate or severe acne, which often causes major problems for the sufferer. (lipidor.se)
  • Steroid acne most often occurs on the chest but may also develop on the face, neck, back and arms. (dermnetnz.org)
  • The peak of acne activity occurs during the mid-to-late teenaged period, and the incidence subsequently decreases. (medscape.com)
  • Acne develops in adolescents during adrenarche, when sex hormone levels and subsequent sebaceous gland stimulation occurs. (medscape.com)
  • Permanent scarring may follow a severe case of acne. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This image displays severe cystic acne. (skinsight.com)
  • As displayed in this image, moderate and severe inflammatory acne can leave depressed scars. (skinsight.com)
  • The Health Canada approval for ARAZLO was based on data from two pivotal Phase 3 multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical trials in 1,614 patients with moderate to severe acne. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • They usually arise in cases of severe nodular acne, but can occur in fairly mild cases as well. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Acne conglobata is another form of severe, nodulocystic acne. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Keeping skin oil free and clean on a daily basis is the best prevention for acne vulgaris, however, when hormone fluctuations are the leading cause, this is often the best control for severe breakouts. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Oral retinoic acid derivatives, such as isotretinoin, are highly effective in the treatment of severe, recalcitrant acne vulgaris. (medwebplus.com)
  • Severe acne is usually treated by a dermatologist who will prescribe a medication specific to your needs. (hasenchat.info)
  • If the acne is less severe or occasional, an over-the-counter solution could be best for you. (hasenchat.info)
  • Severe cases of acne can lead to disfiguring, permanent scarring of the skin and severe emotional distress that can lead to depression and withdrawal from social situations ( 4 ). (healthline.com)
  • A topical fixed-dose combination of three approved acne treatments significantly improves moderate to severe acne with a strong safety profile. (medscape.com)
  • The two multicenter studies included 363 individuals aged 9 years and older with moderate to severe acne from 30 centers, including 15 in North America. (medscape.com)
  • Severe acne is also a side effect of the use of anabolic steroids. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Severe steroid acne may be treated with oral isotretinoin . (dermnetnz.org)
  • Study FX2016-40 is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled Phase 2 trial that enrolled patients aged 12 years and older with a clinical diagnosis of moderate-to-severe acne vulgaris. (sec.gov)
  • Acne is equally common in males and females, but tends to be more severe in males. (medscape.com)
  • Scarring cystic acne. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Dexamethasone phosphate/DEMO may be injected intralesionally in selected skin disorders such as cystic acne vulgaris, localised lichen simplex, and keloids. (who.int)
  • Acne vulgaris is the formation of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, and/or cysts as a result of obstruction and inflammation of pilosebaceous units (hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous gland). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Papules and pustules occur when C. acnes colonizes the closed comedones, breaking down sebum into free fatty acids that irritate the follicular epithelium and eliciting an inflammatory response by neutrophils and then lymphocytes, which further disrupts the epithelium. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The presence of inflammatory papules and pustules along with comedones, involving the face, chest, shoulders and back, are hallmarks of acne vulgaris. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • The acne appears abruptly over the face and upper body with uniform papules and friable nodules that can coalesce, suppurate and bleed. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Neonatal acne (acne occurring from birth to about 3 months) affects about 20% of healthy newborns and typically presents as small inflamed papules and pustules on the cheeks and nasal bridge. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Acne vulgaris is characterized by comedomes, papules, pustules, and nodules located around these sebaceous glands. (medwebplus.com)
  • Acne vulgaris is the most common type of acne and it manifests in various forms such as: whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. (blogspot.com)
  • Cite this: Novel Triple Threat Approach to Acne Beats Placebo - Medscape - Oct 12, 2023. (medscape.com)
  • This image displays one raised acne lesion and several flat, dark spots from prior inflammation, which may take months to resolve due to the patient's darker skin. (skinsight.com)
  • In people with darker skin, redness and inflammation of acne can be difficult to see. (skinsight.com)
  • Treatment of acne fulminans is aimed at controlling the inflammation quickly while preventing an isotretinon-associated flare (see treatment).Typically oral corticosteroids are started with a gradual introduction of isotretinoin. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Topical antibiotics help decrease the amount of P. acnes bacteria and they also serve to decrease inflammation. (medwebplus.com)
  • Oral antibiotics help decrease inflammation and P. acnes bacteria. (medwebplus.com)
  • Genetic predisposition, hormonal fluctuations that lead to excess sebum or oil production from the sebaceous glands, inflammation, follicular hyperkeratinization, and bacterial colonization can trigger acne. (healthline.com)
  • In people with acne, it grows abnormally, which leads to inflammation, skin damage, follicular hyperkeratinization, and alteration of sebum ( 9 ). (healthline.com)
  • Isotretinoin is effective because it attacks acne from all fronts, however it can have many side effects (see Accutane). (medwebplus.com)
  • The FDA has approved several companies, such as Candela Corp. to use a cosmetic laser for the treatment of acne. (wikidoc.org)
  • It was concluded that addition of nicotinamide was of not much value in treating inflammatory acne and results were some as for plain clindamycin and also the combination did not offer much relief in treatment of resistant acne. (nih.gov)
  • ARAZLO is the first tazarotene acne treatment available in a lotion formulated with PRISMATREX TM technology (a formulation with known hydrating and moisturizers, which may alleviate dryness of skin) 1 and has been shown to provide strong efficacy with a good tolerability profile. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • Retinoids like tazarotene are a core component of acne treatment. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • ARAZLO will provide diverse patient populations as well as physicians with the efficacy expected of tazarotene in a new formulation that helps reduce the dryness and irritation historically associated with tazarotene use, which can cause many acne patients to discontinue treatment. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • I'm excited to welcome a new acne treatment option for those Canadians affected by acne who can possibly benefit from effective tazarotene treatment that can be better tolerated. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • This data suggests most residents recognize COCs are an effective treatment for acne vulgaris, but less feel adequately trained. (jcadonline.com)
  • Four oral contraceptive combinations are currently FDA approved for the treatment of moderate acne vulgaris in females aged 15 years or older, who have no known contraindications to oral contraceptive therapy, desire contraception, have achieved menarche and are unresponsive to topical anti-acne medications. (jcadonline.com)
  • A survey of 116 board-certified dermatologists in the United States (U.S.) assessed their knowledge, comfort, and prescribing practices of COCs for acne treatment and showed that 95.4 percent believed that COCs were effective in treatment of acne vulgaris, but only 54 percent actually prescribed COCs. (jcadonline.com)
  • Another survey study found that dermatologists prescribe COCs in 2 percent of visits with patients seeking acne vulgaris treatment. (jcadonline.com)
  • and Guy Webster, MD, PhD, discuss the practical and clinical considerations in the management of acne vulgaris, reviewing available treatment options and how to treat acne scars. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • One piece of advice regarding any acne treatment regimen is to keep it simple to help keep patients motivated, Stein Gold commented, because complicated skin care regimens can be overwhelming. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • The panel agreed that clascoterone cream 1%, an FDA-approved antiandrogen medication used topically as a cream for acne treatment in patients 12 years and older, 3 is a useful tool. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • Cialis is indicated for the treatment of erectile dysfunction minocycline hydrochloride acne vulgaris . (franciszkanie.pl)
  • In addition to dermatological agents, psychiatric approach is necessary in the treatment of acne excavated. (medicabil.com)
  • Using products with alpha hydroxy acid and salicylic acid will help significantly in the treatment and control of acne vulgaris. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Viagra is indicated for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men oral erythromycin for acne vulgaris . (onlinehome.us)
  • Patients with acne can experience significant psychological morbidity so treatment is important. (medwebplus.com)
  • To overcome this, panel of physicians and researchers worked together as a global alliance and task force to improve outcomes in acne treatment. (rjppd.org)
  • They have tried to give consensus recommendation for the treatment of acne. (rjppd.org)
  • There is not a guaranteed cure for these feelings, however, getting an effective acne treatment could eliminate appearance from being the cause of it. (hasenchat.info)
  • Treatment for acne vulgaris is as simple as finding which medicine works best for you. (hasenchat.info)
  • Still, there is strong evidence that some dietary changes make a significant difference in acne treatment ( 6 ). (healthline.com)
  • Randomized phase 3 evaluation of trifarotene 50 µg/g cream treatment of moderate facial and truncal acne. (aklief.com)
  • AKLIEF ® (trifarotene) Cream, 0.005% is a retinoid indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 9 years of age and older. (aklief.com)
  • Dapsone 7.5% gel is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients nine years of age or older. (mssm.edu)
  • Acne Treatment Tips: Have You heard Of Acne Vulgaris? (blogspot.com)
  • If acne treatment or acne medicine is what you are looking for then Alternative Acne Medicine blog is just the perfect landing place for you. (blogspot.com)
  • The first thing to do when you have an acne outbreak is to determine what type it is as well as your skin type in order to proceed for a treatment pattern. (blogspot.com)
  • So, if you had acne before or your doctor suggests you are predisposition to the diseases, it may be a wise choice to start a prevention treatment. (blogspot.com)
  • It is also very important that you don't stop a treatment mid way because the acne cured or because you don't see any change, in both cases you must finish the treatment and then decide on the next step otherwise you may cause yourself more damage and pain in the process. (blogspot.com)
  • With its simple treatment regimen containing 3 recommended acne treatments (benzoyl peroxide, a topical retinoid, and a topical antibiotic), IDP-126 is a potential new treatment option for acne," the researchers concluded. (medscape.com)
  • Lipidor has, together with leading acne specialists in both Europe and the US, identified clinical needs that Lipidor's spray-based treatment can improve and thereby make everyday life easier for large patient groups. (lipidor.se)
  • Specific strategies can be utilized to combat emerging resistance in the treatment of acne vulgaris, rosacea, hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), folliculitis decalvans (FD), bullous pemphigoid (BP), and confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CARP) and SSTIs. (skintherapyletter.com)
  • Antibiotic monotherapy is not recommended for acne vulgaris treatment. (skintherapyletter.com)
  • Retinoic acid (tretinoin) reverses thickening of the stratum corneum and the abnormal desquamation of keratinocytes, and has been a mainstay for the treatment of acne for more than 30 years (Verschoore et al. (medscape.com)
  • What is the treatment for steroid acne? (dermnetnz.org)
  • The data suggests FCD105 has the potential to be a best-in-class treatment for patients with acne and could provide an important new treatment option for this challenging condition," said Dr. Iain Stuart, Chief Scientific Officer of Menlo. (sec.gov)
  • Curcumin/Fusidic Acid Bitherapy Loaded Mixed Micellar Nanogel for Acne Vulgaris Treatment: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies. (bvsalud.org)
  • It includes advice on topical and oral treatments (including antibiotics and retinoids), treatment using physical modalities, and the impact of acne vulgaris on mental health and wellbeing. (bvsalud.org)
  • 1 While the safety and efficacy of COCs is established in the management of acne, many dermatologists are not comfortable prescribing COCs to their own patients. (jcadonline.com)
  • Successful management of acne needs careful selection of anti-acne agents according to clinical presentation and individual patient needs. (rjppd.org)
  • Kraft J, Freiman A. Management of acne. (nutricion.org)
  • This guideline covers management of acne vulgaris in primary and specialist care. (bvsalud.org)
  • In recent years, researchers have begun to look at the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of acne. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • Acne vulgaris is a clinical process that is passed at a stage of life rather than a disease. (medicabil.com)
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence: NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries - Acne vulgaris. (gpnen.org.uk)
  • Racial differences in clinical characteristics, perceptions and behaviors, and psychosocial impact of adult female acne. (aklief.com)
  • Three cases of female patients aged 19 and 20 years with mild to moderate acne vulgaris were administered single therapy of 500mg glutathione taken orally for four weeks to see if there is clinical improvement of their acne vulgaris condition. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • Oral glutathione 500mg single dose may provide a clinical improvement of mild to moderate acne vulgaris. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • The market for acne medicines amounts to about 35 billion SEK per year, which together with the clinical needs relating to acne makes it a very attractive indication to invest in. (lipidor.se)
  • What are the clinical features of steroid acne? (dermnetnz.org)
  • Acne can occur around puberty and thereafter it gradually improves in the late teens or early twenties, but it may remain a clinical problem up to the age of 40 years or even older ages [4,5]. (who.int)
  • Sebum supports the growth of the bacteria P.acnes , and as such acne cannot occur without the presence of sebum. (positivehealth.com)
  • The most common causes of acne vulgaris are hormone fluctuations, excess sebum in the pilosebeaceous units, and, in some cases, genetics has been shown to play a role. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Another cause of acne vulgaris is an excess of a substance called sebum. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Our skin releases natural oils (also known as sebum) through the pores (also known as follicles), when these pores are blocked for reasons still not clearly known by doctors, acne is formed. (blogspot.com)
  • Three female patients, one patient with mild severity and two patients with moderate severity of AV. All patients had no history of atopy, no drug allergic reactions, no chronic disease, were not taking routine medications, and were not being treated with any acne therapy in the last 1 month. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • The results may be affected by interobserver bias or variation in assessment of acne severity. (medscape.com)
  • Many other factors might be considered as contributing factors to acne prevalence and severity including: physiological factors such as the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and anxiety and depression [3-5,17,18] and external factors such as hot and humid weather, lack of skin cleanliness, cosmetics, mechanical skin irritation from excessive washing, diet and smoking [1,3,19-22]. (who.int)
  • The questionnaire also asked about their beliefs about the effect of diet and other factors on the severity of their acne and on their consumption of fruits and vegetables in their diet. (who.int)
  • High levels of testosterone and androgens (sex hormones) contribute to acne development. (medwebplus.com)
  • Stress, hormones, and pore-blocking dead skin and oil are some of the most common reasons that people develop acne. (hasenchat.info)
  • Stress changes the level of hormones and neuro-active substances that cause acne. (hasenchat.info)
  • Hormones also play an important role in the development of acne, which is why it's often referred to as "hormonal acne. (healthline.com)
  • 6] Acne arises if the level of these circulating androgens is very high or the gland becomes overly sensitive to circulating androgens. (positivehealth.com)
  • Acne is induced by androgens, which may explain its prevalence in the teenage years. (gpnen.org.uk)
  • The surface areas of the skin that contain the majority of the body's sebaceous glands and will be the areas where acne vulgaris breakouts are most likely to occur. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease that involves the sebaceous follicles, primarily in adolescents. (medscape.com)
  • This image displays a mix of blackheads (open comedones), red bumps, and depressed scars typical of acne vulgaris. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays blackheads (open comedones) in the ear area typical of acne. (skinsight.com)
  • This image displays numerous whiteheads (closed comedones) and scattered acne bumps. (skinsight.com)
  • Since lasers and intense pulsed light sources cause thermal damage to the skin there are concerns that laser or intense pulsed light treatments for acne will induce hyperpigmented macules (spots) or cause long term dryness of the skin. (wikidoc.org)
  • Treatments for acne offers many alternatives to eliminate this common skin problem among teenagers and adults. (about-health-problems.com)
  • There are many treatments for acne vulgaris some of which include natural remedies and others the traditional drugs and creams. (blogspot.com)
  • 7] Both black and whiteheads occur during the non-inflammatory stage of acne. (positivehealth.com)
  • Acne can occur at any age, although it is mainly seen in adolescence. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne can occur for other reasons besides the above factors. (medicabil.com)
  • Hormone changes that occur during the teenage years can trigger acne vulgaris to flare up. (hasenchat.info)
  • How Does The Term Acne Vulgaris Occur? (blogspot.com)
  • Acne conglobata is included in the follicular occlusion tetrad along with hidradenitis suppurativa, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp and pilonidal cysts. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • STOCKHOLM, 17[th] December 2021 - Lipidor AB (publ) (Nasdaq First North: LIPI) today announces that it has initiated a preclinical program for a new drug candidate, AKP-08, focused on acne vulgaris (acne). (lipidor.se)
  • Acne vulgaris - commonly known as acne - affects up to 80% of people at some point between the ages of 11 and 30 ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). (healthline.com)
  • Acne affects 85%-100% of people at some point in their lives, and it usually begins at puberty. (skinsight.com)
  • Hormone changes that cause an excess of oil in the skin are a leading cause of acne vulgaris and, thus, this condition is most commonly seen in puberty. (acnevulgaris.net)
  • Sex also plays a role: During puberty acne affects males more than females, but in adults acne affects females more than males. (medwebplus.com)
  • During puberty, acne typically becomes a common problem. (medscape.com)
  • Mild acne affects many teenagers at some point but also adults. (positivehealth.com)
  • Acne is a hormonally driven condition which affects your pilosebaceous glands. (positivehealth.com)
  • Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, but it is especially common in teens and young adults. (skinsight.com)
  • Acne affects about 5.6 million Canadians, or nearly 20 per cent of the population and causes emotional distress and can cause permanent scarring 2 or pigmentation changes. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • 5 Acne affects about 90 per cent of adolescents and about 25 per cent of teens will still have acne at age 25. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • Acne is the most common skin disease in the US and affects 80% of the population at some point in life. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease that affects 60-70% of Americans at some time during their lives. (medwebplus.com)
  • Steroid acne most often affects adolescent or adult patients who have been taking moderate or high doses of oral steroids such as prednisone or dexamethasone for several weeks. (dermnetnz.org)
  • Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that affects the skin's oil glands and hair follicles. (sec.gov)
  • Scattered pustules appear on the face of this person with acne. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Patients applied dapsone 7.5% gel once daily to the face and acne-affected areas on the upper chest, upper back, and shoulders for 12 weeks. (mssm.edu)
  • In some cases, it is present at birth, and mild cases of acne vulgaris may be observed in the neonatal period. (medscape.com)
  • Some medications can lead to acne. (medicabil.com)
  • Over time P. acnes bacteria can build resistance to these medications, decreasing their effectiveness. (medwebplus.com)
  • Acne can also be caused by certain medications and occupational chemical exposure. (healthline.com)
  • Acne is an exceptionally common disorder in adolescents, affecting up to 85% of 12-24-year olds. (dermatologyadvisor.com)
  • Lastly, different age groups are at higher risk of acne such as neonates and adolescents. (medwebplus.com)
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  • Along the jaw line is a common location for acne in adults. (skinsight.com)
  • Acne vulgaris ("vulgaris" means "common") is the most common skin problem seen by doctors in Canada. (lifesciencesbc.ca)
  • Acne is the most common form of acne. (medicabil.com)
  • Acne is more common in North American races, and specific types of acne can be more common in certain races than others. (medwebplus.com)
  • Acne Vulgaris is one of the most common skin disorders which dermatologists have to treat. (rjppd.org)
  • It is a common misconception that all acne is the result of being unclean. (hasenchat.info)
  • Acne vulgaris (AV) is one of the most common chronic skin diseases with unknown but has four main pathogenesis factors. (teikyomedicaljournal.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris in patients aged younger than 12 years is increasingly common and primarily noninflammatory (i.e., comedonal). (mssm.edu)
  • Acne vulgaris is sufficiently common that it may be considered physiologic. (medscape.com)
  • Acne appears to be a familial condition and is less common in Japanese people than in the white American population. (medscape.com)
  • Although eating healthy helps, she remarked, "as a whole, there's not a lot of evidence to show that there is a [correlation], that chocolate causes acne or something like that. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • What causes acne vulgaris? (medwebplus.com)
  • Acne Vulgaris is a disorder in the pilosebaceous unit, in which hair follicles become clogged with skin cells, bacteria and excess oil from the skin. (351face.com)
  • METHODS: This was a Phase IV, multicenter, open-label study in patients with acne aged 9 to 11 years. (mssm.edu)
  • From the start of the teenage years, almost everyone will suffer from some form of acne. (hasenchat.info)
  • In recent years, due to better understanding of the pathogenesis of acne, new therapeutic modalities and various permutation and combinations have been designed. (rjppd.org)
  • In addition, genetic predisposition, environmental factors (such as poor hygiene), sometimes foods trigger the formation of acne. (medicabil.com)
  • The combination of herbal drugs with a topical antibacterial for managing a chronic disease like acne vulgaris has emerged lately to settle side effects and bacterial multidrug resistance . (bvsalud.org)